Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Muscle Strength Dynamometer: A device that measures MUSCLE STRENGTH during muscle contraction, such as gripping, pushing, and pulling. It is used to evaluate the health status of muscle in sports medicine or physical therapy.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Respiratory Muscles: These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.Muscle Weakness: A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)Hand Strength: Force exerted when gripping or grasping.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Muscle Proteins: The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.Isometric Contraction: Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Muscle Fibers, Skeletal: Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.Quadriceps Muscle: The quadriceps femoris. A collective name of the four-headed skeletal muscle of the thigh, comprised of the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, and vastus medialis.Muscle, Smooth, Vascular: The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.Resistance Training: A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.Muscle Development: Developmental events leading to the formation of adult muscular system, which includes differentiation of the various types of muscle cell precursors, migration of myoblasts, activation of myogenesis and development of muscle anchorage.Tensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)Muscle Fatigue: A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.Knee: A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.Torque: The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Weight Lifting: A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Physical Endurance: The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch: Skeletal muscle fibers characterized by their expression of the Type II MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN isoforms which have high ATPase activity and effect several other functional properties - shortening velocity, power output, rate of tension redevelopment. Several fast types have been identified.Neck Muscles: The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).Breathing Exercises: Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch: Skeletal muscle fibers characterized by their expression of the Type I MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN isoforms which have low ATPase activity and effect several other functional properties - shortening velocity, power output, rate of tension redevelopment.Sarcopenia: Progressive decline in muscle mass due to aging which results in decreased functional capacity of muscles.Inspiratory Capacity: The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.Muscle Denervation: The resection or removal of the innervation of a muscle or muscle tissue.Maximal Voluntary Ventilation: Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be breathed in and blown out over a sustained interval such as 15 or 20 seconds. Common abbreviations are MVV and MBC.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Muscle, Striated: One of two types of muscle in the body, characterized by the array of bands observed under microscope. Striated muscles can be divided into two subtypes: the CARDIAC MUSCLE and the SKELETAL MUSCLE.Neuromuscular Diseases: A general term encompassing lower MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and certain MUSCULAR DISEASES. Manifestations include MUSCLE WEAKNESS; FASCICULATION; muscle ATROPHY; SPASM; MYOKYMIA; MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, myalgias, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Thigh: The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.Shear Strength: The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.Muscular Atrophy: Derangement in size and number of muscle fibers occurring with aging, reduction in blood supply, or following immobilization, prolonged weightlessness, malnutrition, and particularly in denervation.Oculomotor Muscles: The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.Myocytes, Smooth Muscle: Non-striated, elongated, spindle-shaped cells found lining the digestive tract, uterus, and blood vessels. They are derived from specialized myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SMOOTH MUSCLE).Muscular Diseases: Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.Mitochondria, Muscle: Mitochondria of skeletal and smooth muscle. It does not include myocardial mitochondria for which MITOCHONDRIA, HEART is available.Inhalation: The act of BREATHING in.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Muscle Relaxation: That phase of a muscle twitch during which a muscle returns to a resting position.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Exercise Tolerance: The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Muscle Spindles: Skeletal muscle structures that function as the MECHANORECEPTORS responsible for the stretch or myotactic reflex (REFLEX, STRETCH). They are composed of a bundle of encapsulated SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS, i.e., the intrafusal fibers (nuclear bag 1 fibers, nuclear bag 2 fibers, and nuclear chain fibers) innervated by SENSORY NEURONS.Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.Muscle Stretching Exercises: Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Gait: Manner or style of walking.Papillary Muscles: Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Diaphragm: The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.Mobility Limitation: Difficulty in walking from place to place.Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Muscle Spasticity: A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne: An X-linked recessive muscle disease caused by an inability to synthesize DYSTROPHIN, which is involved with maintaining the integrity of the sarcolemma. Muscle fibers undergo a process that features degeneration and regeneration. Clinical manifestations include proximal weakness in the first few years of life, pseudohypertrophy, cardiomyopathy (see MYOCARDIAL DISEASES), and an increased incidence of impaired mentation. Becker muscular dystrophy is a closely related condition featuring a later onset of disease (usually adolescence) and a slowly progressive course. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1415)Muscle Cells: Mature contractile cells, commonly known as myocytes, that form one of three kinds of muscle. The three types of muscle cells are skeletal (MUSCLE FIBERS, SKELETAL), cardiac (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC), and smooth (MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE). They are derived from embryonic (precursor) muscle cells called MYOBLASTS.Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Compressive Strength: The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)Hip: The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.Masseter Muscle: A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws.Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Myositis: Inflammation of a muscle or muscle tissue.Facial Muscles: Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Intercostal Muscles: Respiratory muscles that arise from the lower border of one rib and insert into the upper border of the adjoining rib, and contract during inspiration or respiration. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Elbow: Region of the body immediately surrounding and including the ELBOW JOINT.Electric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by new neuromuscular symptoms that occur at least 15 years after clinical stability has been attained in patients with a prior history of symptomatic poliomyelitis. Clinical features include new muscular weakness and atrophy of the limbs, bulbar innervated musculature, and muscles of respiration, combined with excessive fatigue, joint pain, and reduced stamina. The process is marked by slow progression and periods of stabilization. (From Ann NY Acad Sci 1995 May 25;753:68-80)Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Satellite Cells, Skeletal Muscle: Elongated, spindle-shaped, quiescent myoblasts lying in close contact with adult skeletal muscle. They are thought to play a role in muscle repair and regeneration.Vital Capacity: The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Myosin Heavy Chains: The larger subunits of MYOSINS. The heavy chains have a molecular weight of about 230 kDa and each heavy chain is usually associated with a dissimilar pair of MYOSIN LIGHT CHAINS. The heavy chains possess actin-binding and ATPase activity.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Dermatomyositis: A subacute or chronic inflammatory disease of muscle and skin, marked by proximal muscle weakness and a characteristic skin rash. The illness occurs with approximately equal frequency in children and adults. The skin lesions usually take the form of a purplish rash (or less often an exfoliative dermatitis) involving the nose, cheeks, forehead, upper trunk, and arms. The disease is associated with a complement mediated intramuscular microangiopathy, leading to loss of capillaries, muscle ischemia, muscle-fiber necrosis, and perifascicular atrophy. The childhood form of this disease tends to evolve into a systemic vasculitis. Dermatomyositis may occur in association with malignant neoplasms. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1405-6)Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Proprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Pectoralis Muscles: The pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles that make up the upper and fore part of the chest in front of the AXILLA.Hydrotherapy: External application of water for therapeutic purposes.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Muscular Dystrophies: A heterogeneous group of inherited MYOPATHIES, characterized by wasting and weakness of the SKELETAL MUSCLE. They are categorized by the sites of MUSCLE WEAKNESS; AGE OF ONSET; and INHERITANCE PATTERNS.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Pelvic Floor: Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Mice, Inbred mdx: A strain of mice arising from a spontaneous MUTATION (mdx) in inbred C57BL mice. This mutation is X chromosome-linked and produces viable homozygous animals that lack the muscle protein DYSTROPHIN, have high serum levels of muscle ENZYMES, and possess histological lesions similar to human MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY. The histological features, linkage, and map position of mdx make these mice a worthy animal model of DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY.Motor Neurons: Neurons which activate MUSCLE CELLS.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Myostatin: A growth differentiation factor that is a potent inhibitor of SKELETAL MUSCLE growth. It may play a role in the regulation of MYOGENESIS and in muscle maintenance during adulthood.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Psoas Muscles: A powerful flexor of the thigh at the hip joint (psoas major) and a weak flexor of the trunk and lumbar spinal column (psoas minor). Psoas is derived from the Greek "psoa", the plural meaning "muscles of the loin". It is a common site of infection manifesting as abscess (PSOAS ABSCESS). The psoas muscles and their fibers are also used frequently in experiments in muscle physiology.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Muscular Dystrophy, AnimalBack: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Myofibrils: The long cylindrical contractile organelles of STRIATED MUSCLE cells composed of ACTIN FILAMENTS; MYOSIN filaments; and other proteins organized in arrays of repeating units called SARCOMERES .Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Hemiplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.Running: An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.Hindlimb: Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Neuromuscular Junction: The synapse between a neuron and a muscle.Muscle Hypotonia: A diminution of the skeletal muscle tone marked by a diminished resistance to passive stretching.Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing.Temporal Muscle: A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws; its posterior portion retracts the mandible.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.Spirometry: Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.Creatine Kinase: A transferase that catalyzes formation of PHOSPHOCREATINE from ATP + CREATINE. The reaction stores ATP energy as phosphocreatine. Three cytoplasmic ISOENZYMES have been identified in human tissues: the MM type from SKELETAL MUSCLE, the MB type from myocardial tissue and the BB type from nervous tissue as well as a mitochondrial isoenzyme. Macro-creatine kinase refers to creatine kinase complexed with other serum proteins.Lung Volume Measurements: Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.Paresis: A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.Isotonic Contraction: Muscle contraction with negligible change in the force of contraction but shortening of the distance between the origin and insertion.Frail Elderly: Older adults or aged individuals who are lacking in general strength and are unusually susceptible to disease or to other infirmity.Xiphoid Bone: Also called xiphoid process, it is the smallest and most inferior triangular protrusion of the STERNUM or breastbone that extends into the center of the ribcage.Ankle: The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Bones of Upper Extremity: The bones of the upper and lower ARM. They include the CLAVICLE and SCAPULA.Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Hypertrophy: General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).Immobilization: The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.Spinal Curvatures: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Oxandrolone: A synthetic hormone with anabolic and androgenic properties.Dystrophin: A muscle protein localized in surface membranes which is the product of the Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy gene. Individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually lack dystrophin completely while those with Becker muscular dystrophy have dystrophin of an altered size. It shares features with other cytoskeletal proteins such as SPECTRIN and alpha-actinin but the precise function of dystrophin is not clear. One possible role might be to preserve the integrity and alignment of the plasma membrane to the myofibrils during muscle contraction and relaxation. MW 400 kDa.Maximal Expiratory Flow Rate: The airflow rate measured during the first liter expired after the first 200 ml have been exhausted during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are MEFR, FEF 200-1200, and FEF 0.2-1.2.Gait Disorders, Neurologic: Gait abnormalities that are a manifestation of nervous system dysfunction. These conditions may be caused by a wide variety of disorders which affect motor control, sensory feedback, and muscle strength including: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or MUSCULAR DISEASES.Pharyngeal Muscles: The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.Tai Ji: One of the MARTIAL ARTS and also a form of meditative exercise using methodically slow circular stretching movements and positions of body balance.Knee Injuries: Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Torso: The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Forced Expiratory Volume: Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Ergometry: Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Elbow Joint: A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.GlycogenDouble-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Neural Conduction: The propagation of the NERVE IMPULSE along the nerve away from the site of an excitation stimulus.Pain, Referred: A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Anabolic Agents: These compounds stimulate anabolism and inhibit catabolism. They stimulate the development of muscle mass, strength, and power.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Pelvic Floor Disorders: Injury, weakening, or PROLAPSE of the pelvic muscles, surrounding connective tissues or ligaments (PELVIC FLOOR).Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Mice, Inbred C57BL
The combination was found to increase muscle strength. Specifically, aerobic exercise via stationary bicycle with an ergometer ... "Strength training and aerobic exercise training for muscle disease". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1): CD003907. doi:10.1002/ ... The strength training or aerobic exercise may promote muscle and cardiorespiratory function, while preventing further disuse ... Symptoms include gradually worsening muscle loss and weakness. Muscles often contract and are unable to relax. Other symptoms ...
Growth hormone in sports
Studies have found that HGH reduces body fat and increases lean body mass. However, no increase in muscle strength was observed ... that muscle mass is not the same as muscle strength. Some say that human growth hormone will build muscle mass through raised ... They found cyclists of good health and endurance "were unable to complete accustomed cycling tasks after administration of ... HGH may build up connective tissue within muscles, at least in the short term. If these effects are real they "may promote ...
... loss of strength in the muscles supporting a joint; and impairment of peripheral nerves, leading to sudden or uncoordinated ... A Cochrane review of low level laser therapy found unclear evidence of benefit. Another review found short term pain relief for ... which has uncertain efficacy in arthritis-the study found no difference between the two. The review also found that while ASU ... Reviews have found it to be equal to or slightly better than placebo. A difference may exist between glucosamine sulfate and ...
Muscle surface recordings using electromyographic (SEMG) techniques have found that early strength gains throughout training ... These findings along with various other theories explain increases in strength without increases in muscle mass. Other theories ... Strength gains are experienced by subjects without any increased muscle size. ... and slightly adjusts the muscles in use according to the terrain. For example, walking uphill requires different muscles than ...
Vocal fold paresis
Post-surgical intervention is warranted to restore laryngeal muscle strength, agility and coordination. Due to the complex and ... In such a setting, one study found that approximately 26% of patients are diagnosed with paralysis or paresis of the vocal ... Current methods focus more generally on improving abdominal support, muscle strength and agility. Hard glottal attacks involve ... Electromyography of the larynx muscles (larynx EMG), which measures the electrical activity of the larynx muscles via thin ...
A recent systematic review found that exercise interventions can increase muscle strength and improve physical function; ... Muscle weakness, also known as muscle fatigue, (or "lack of strength") refers to the inability to exert force with one's ... Sarcopenia (from the Greek meaning "poverty of flesh") refers to loss of muscle mass and low muscle function (strength or ... There is also a gradual onset of muscle weakness as a result of sarcopenia - the age-related loss of skeletal muscle. A test of ...
Membrane androgen receptor
Activation of mARs by testosterone has been found to increase skeletal muscle strength, indicating potential anabolic effects. ... GPRC6A has been found to be involved in testicular function and prostate cancer. mARs have also been found to be expressed in ... Dent JR, Fletcher DK, McGuigan MR (2012). "Evidence for a Non-Genomic Action of Testosterone in Skeletal Muscle Which may ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
People with COPD who are underweight can improve their breathing muscle strength by increasing their calorie intake. When ... COPD is also commonly found in old dogs. Algusti, Alvar G.; et al. (2017). "Definition and Overview". Global Strategy for the ... Weight loss and muscle weakness, as well as the presence of other diseases, should also be taken into account. A chest X-ray ... General muscle wasting that often occurs in COPD may be partly due to inflammatory mediators released by the lungs into the ...
Vyayam or physical training is meant to build strength and develop muscle bulk and flexibility. Exercises that employ the ... It has been said that most of the moves found in the wrestling forms of other countries are present in kushti, and some are ... Karl Gotch was even gifted a pair of mugdar (heavy wooden clubs used for building the arm and shoulder muscles by South Asian ... to unite the local youth and inspire them in the anti-British struggle against the colonists through a display of strength by ...
Queen's Blade Rebellion
As a result, her muscle strength increased to the point where she discards her mace for hand-to-hand combat. Following Queen ... She later embarked on a journey to find her long-lost sister, but suffered from amnesia along the way. During her journey, she ... In the ruins of the Amara desert she found an ancient treasure, the "Controlling Treasure" (支配の秘宝, Shihai no Hihō), that ... Although she has been weakened after a long stay in prison, her fighting strength still remains. Her "organizational capacity" ...
... abdominal muscle exercises are known to increase the strength and endurance of the abdominal muscles. It has been highly ... The aforementioned 2011 study found that abdominal exercise does not reduce abdominal fat; to achieve that, a deficit in energy ... The abdominal muscles can be worked out by practicing disciplines of general body strength such as Pilates, yoga, T'ai chi, and ... The anterior abdominal wall is made up of four muscles-the rectus abdominis muscle, the internal and external obliques, and the ...
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Home remedies that may help JIA includes getting regular exercises to increase muscle strength and joint flexibility. Swimming ... If children find it difficult to sit in a bath or stand in a shower, an OT can prescribe a bath bench or bath seat to be ... Other muskuloskeletal issues may include joint contractures, muscle weakness or muscle loss, and osteoporosis. Children who ... For children who find that cool or damp weather makes it hard to play with friends outside, OTs can give ideas for clothing ...
List of Queen's Blade characters
This resulted in her muscle strength being increased to the point where she discards her mace for hand-to-hand combat. ... After finding out her surprising talent in planning, she became one of Queen Claudette's closest associates and, along with her ... Despite her strength, she has an intense fear of snakes, specifically from Echidna's snake Keltan. In Queen's Blade Rebellion, ... She later embarked on a journey to find her lost sister, but suffered from amnesia along the way. During her journey, she fell ...
Elastic therapeutic tape
... "to facilitate muscular contraction has no or only negligible effects on muscle strength". A 2012 meta analysis found that the ... Csapo R, Alegre L (2014). "Effects of Kinesio taping on skeletal muscle strength-A meta-analysis of current evidence". Journal ... A "Y" shape is used for larger muscles, like the deltoid. The "X" shape is used for large and long muscles, such as the biceps ... The tape is applied with the affected muscle in a stretched position, taping from the origin of the muscle to the insertion ...
Leopard Kung Fu
The goals of Leopard style are to: develop muscle speed for external strength. teach patience. use the leopard punch for ... The leopard style was founded on the creators' observation of the movements of the leopard in the wild, and therefore ... The leopard does not overwhelm or rely on strength, as does the tiger, but instead relies on speed and outsmarting its opponent ... the strength and height. An interesting technique of the leopard is the ability to simultaneously block and strike the opponent ...
Changes in muscle strength are determined in specific muscle groups using various muscle scales which quantify strength, such ... Medications for fatigue, such as amantadine and pyridostigmine, have not been found to be effective in the management of PPS. ... Muscle strength and endurance training are more important in managing the symptoms of PPS than the ability to perform long ... Stolwijk-Swüste JM, Beelen A, Lankhorst GJ, Nollet F (August 2005). "The course of functional status and muscle strength in ...
... strength, or endurance. They do so directly by increasing the muscles' protein synthesis. As a result, muscle fibers become ... the authors found no justification to absolutely restrict its use in men with CHF. A similar 2012 review also found increased ... Testosterone replacement can significantly improve exercise capacity, muscle strength and reduce QT intervals in men with ... Testosterone can be used as a gel or patch that is applied to the skin, injection into a muscle, tablet that is placed in the ...
Anterior cruciate ligament injury
This is caused by weakness in the hamstring muscles or reliance on the strength of the quadriceps muscles. This quadriceps ... A review of NCAA data has found relative rates of injury per 1000 athlete exposures as follows: Men's basketball 0.07, women's ... The discrepancy has been attributed to gender differences in anatomy, general muscular strength, reaction time of muscle ... Women's knees are less stiff than men's during muscle activation. Force applied to a less stiff knee is more likely to result ...
Vocal cord dysfunction
Respiratory muscle strength training, a form of increased resistance training using a hand-held breathing device has also been ... Among adults with asthma considered "difficult to control", 10% were found to have VCD while 30% were found to have both VCD ... muscles to weaken or decrease muscle tension. Nebulized Lignocaine can also been used in acute cases and helium-oxygen ... Speech therapy has been found to eliminate up to 90% of ER visits in patients suffering from VCD. Medical often works in ...
Management of scoliosis
This type of exercise is able to sustain progression by equalizing the strength of the torso muscles found on each side of the ... Exercises that will help improve the strength of the muscles in the back include rows and leg and arm extensions. Elastic ... Strengthening spinal muscles is a crucial preventive measure. This is because the muscles in the back are essential when it ...
Research has largely supported that willpower works like a "moral muscle" with a limited supply of strength that may be ... someone who has exercised their self-control muscle in one area may find themselves possessed of a greater level of self- ... That is, much like a regular muscle, the "moral muscle" is susceptible to depletion when heavily exerted, but repeated exertion ... It was found that the MJI scores were not clustered at the high end of Kohlberg's scale, they ranged from Stage 3 to Stage 5. ...
At dosages of 50 mg or 100 mg per day, androstenedione had no effect on muscle strength or size, or on body fat levels. One ... and also found no increase in strength when compared to a control group that did not take the supplements. The review authors ... Androstenedione has been found to possess some estrogenic activity, similarly to other DHEA metabolites. However, in contrast ... speculate that sufficiently high doses may indeed lead to increased muscle size and strength. However, due to the federal ban ...
The study also found that the decrease in muscle strength due to aging was 2-5 times greater than the loss of muscle size. ... March 2005). "Muscle mass, muscle strength, and muscle fat infiltration as predictors of incident mobility limitations in well- ... This does not include loss of muscle strength, which is defined by Dynapenia. Muscle strength appears to be a critical ... Dynapenia is the loss of muscle strength, rather than muscle mass. The preservation of muscular strength through the aging ...
... muscle, pieces of rubber. All that I am, I am because of my mind." Regarding Nurmi's track antics, Peltzer found that "in his ... Nurmi was known to emphasize the importance of psychological strength: "Mind is everything; ... An athlete ahead of him fainted 50 metres from the finish, and Liimatainen stopped and tried to find his way off the track, ... After the war, he decided not to join the newly founded Finnish Workers' Sports Federation, but wrote articles for the ...
Physical Therapy/Occupational therapy in carpal tunnel syndrome
Following positive signs, the PT or OT may perform manual muscle testing for grip and pinch strength and assess range of motion ... found that people with CTS were more likely to continue with their current jobs if modifications were made to the tasks. Two of ... These authors found that many hand therapists with symptoms of CTS not only wore splints but also engaged in modifying their ... They may find, for example, that repetitive lifting of heavy skillets is a contributing factor to the individual's CTS symptoms ...
... stable joints and good thenar muscle strength). Because triphalangeal thumbs cannot easily oppose and do not possess many of ... the optimal qualities found in most opposable thumbs, they tend to cause the hand to be less effective in use and, therefore, ... The extensor tendons and the intrinsic muscles are shortened as well. For type V of the Buck-Gramcko classification the ... thumb strength can be diminished. In the case of a five fingered-hand it has a finger-like appearance, with the position in the ...
Muscle biopsies are also a useful tool to diagnose camptocormia. Muscle biopsies found to have variable muscle fiber sizes and ... Patients with camptocormia present with reduced strength and stooped posture when standing due to weakened paraspinous muscles ... On average, the paraspinous muscles of affected individuals were found to be 75% myopathic, while limb muscles were 50% percent ... muscles parallel to the spine). Clinically, limb muscles show fatigue with repetitive movements. Paraspinous muscles undergo ...
Brute-possesses super strength. He is muscle-bound but simple-minded. Current whereabouts are unknown. Crazy Legs-can extend ... This ability has made him something of a nervous wreck and he finds it difficult to focus: sometimes he is unable to make ... Blasting Cap blew up the Garbage Man's warehouse, but the members of Trash assumed that he had escaped and would find them ...
... and more generally against muscle wasting, because HMB improves muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance. It ... resulting in demonstrable muscle mass accretion.71, 80 Indeed, a vast number of studies have found that supplementation of HMB ... and more generally against muscle wasting, because HMB improves muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance. It ... Muscle atrophy is defined as a decrease in the mass of the muscle; it can be a partial or complete wasting away of muscle, and ...
Positron emission tomography
One of the main advantages of using PET is that it can also provide muscle activation data about deeper lying muscles such as ... has proven to be a more sensitive alternative to finding, and also localizing, pheochromocytoma than the MIBG scan. ... only the head and brain can be imaged at these high magnetic field strengths. ... Musculoskeletal imaging: PET has been shown to be a feasible technique for studying skeletal muscles during exercises like ...
A review found that in the antenatal period (before labour) there is no evidence to suggest that monitoring women with high- ... To gauge the strength of contractions, a small catheter (Intrauterine pressure catheter or IUPC) is passed into the uterus, ... The fetal heart rate and the activity of the uterine muscle are detected by two transducers placed on the mother's abdomen (one ... The same review found that computerised CTG machines resulted in lower numbers of baby deaths than the traditional CTG machines ...
The same review found that SMT appears to be no better than other recommended therapies. A 2016 review found moderate ... Most of these go to muscles and are therefore called motor impulses; some are secretory and enter glands; a portion are ... Jansen MJ, Viechtbauer W, Lenssen AF, Hendriks EJ, de Bie RA (2011). "Strength training alone, exercise therapy alone, and ... A 2006 review found no rigorous evidence supporting SM or other manual therapies for tension headache. A 2005 review found ...
Lithium finds use as a psychiatric medication and as an anode in lithium batteries. Sodium and potassium are also essential ... The atomisation energy measures the strength of the metallic bond of an element, which falls down the group as the atoms ... The ability of cells to produce electrical discharge is critical for body functions such as neurotransmission, muscle ... All the alkali metals are highly reactive and are never found in elemental forms in nature. Because of this, they are ...
... giving it tensile strength in one direction. Dense irregular connective tissue provides strength in multiple directions by its ... Connective tissue (CT) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and ... Connective tissue is found in between other tissues everywhere in the body, including the nervous system. In the central ... Mesenchyme is a type of connective tissue found in developing organs of embryos that is capable of differentiation into all ...
"Muscle Activation of Paraspinal Muscles in Different Types of High Heels during Standing." Journal of Physical Therapy Science ... Additionally, they found that the highest heel heights caused constant pressure that could not be evenly dispersed across the ... or strength. ... "Muscle activation of paraspinal muscles in different types of ... The researchers mentioned that over time these results would increase local muscle fatigue that could lead to muscle swelling, ...
... decreased muscle mass and strength, feminine changes in fat mass and distribution, and reduced penile length and testicular ... it has been found to produce masculinization of the genitalia of female fetuses of pregnant animals. In contrast to ... increased muscle mass and strength, and broadening of the shoulders, among others. Androgen-dependent skin and hair ... has been evaluated for the treatment of hirsutism and found effective similarly to flutamide and may be used instead of it. ...
Occupational health psychology
She found that in this "natural experiment," student nurses experienced higher levels of distress and lower levels of job ... Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) involve injury and pain to the joints and muscles of the body. Approximately 2.5 million ... Schonfeld, I.S., & Mazzola, J.J. (2013). Strengths and limitations of qualitative approaches to research in occupational health ... Research has found that psychosocial workplace factors are among the risk factors for a number of categories of mental disorder ...
The earliest records of wheeled furniture are an inscription found on a stone slate in China and a child's bed depicted in a ... Experienced users with sufficient upper-body strength can generally balance the chair on its rear wheels, a "wheelie", and the ... people with some muscle diseases, and people with limited range of motion in the hip or knee joints. Tilting options are ... reduction in abnormal muscle tone and spasticity, and skeletal deformities. Other wheelchairs provide some of the same benefits ...
... he was told by the Great Spirit where to find special mushrooms that would give him the strength to drag the whale back to the ... Norena, S. R.; Williams, T. M. (2000). "Body size and skeletal muscle myoglobin of cetaceans: adaptations for maximizing dive ... Whale spindle neurons are found in areas of the brain that are homologous to where they are found in humans, suggesting that ... A 2008 study found that sperm whales sleep in vertical postures just under the surface in passive shallow 'drift-dives', ...
"Mini-muscle" allele. A gene recently discovered in laboratory house mice, termed "mini-muscle", causes a 50% reduction in ... Frizzle feather was found to stem from a deletion in the genomic region coding for α-Keratin. This gene seems to ... Both males and females with larger combs have higher bone density and strength, which allows females to deposit more calcium ... For example, mice with the Mini Muscle mutation were observed to have a higher per-gram aerobic capacity. The mini-muscle ...
... these authors also found that awareness of action was anticipatory to activity in the muscle underlying the movement; the ... Centred accounts propose that for any given decision between two possibilities, the strength of reason will be considered for ... Kathleen Vohs has found that those whose belief in free will had been eroded were more likely to cheat. In a study ... Also found in John A Bargh (2008). "Chapter 7: Free will is un-natural". In John Baer, James C. Kaufman, Roy F. Baumeister. Are ...
Singing training has been found to improve lung, speech clarity, and coordination of speech muscles, thus, accelerating ... While both groups showed an increase in the strength of their non-dominant hands, the group with music therapy showed a much ... founded in 1950) and the American Association for Music Therapy (AAMT, founded in 1971). Numerous other national organizations ... Lastly, it was found that music was important to clients as a way to give tribute to the deceased. On top of these areas of ...
Ruff, C. (2009). "Relative Limb Strength and Locomotion in Homo habilis". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 138 (1): ... Tobias, P. V. (2006). "Homo habilis-A Premature Discovery: Remembered by One of Its Founding Fathers, 42 Years Later". The ... Marchi, D.; Harper, C. M.; Chirchir, H.; Ruff, C. B. (2019). "Relative fibular strength and locomotor behavior in KNM-WT 15000 ...
MEMS magnetic field sensor
When we breathe, the nerves and muscles of our thoracic cavity create a weak magnetic field. Magnetometers based on ... The optical sensing is to directly measure the mechanical displacement of the MEMS structure to find the external magnetic ... The differential change in the amplitude of the resonating shuttle shows the strength of the external magnetic field. The ... Magnetometers based on piezoelectric resonators can be applied to finding flaws in safety-critical metal structures, such as ...
Tyrannosaurus - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Skeletons of Tyrannosaurus were found on the North American continent, but relatives, such as Tarbosaurus, have been found in ... in the skull reduced weight and gave places for muscle attachment, as in all carnivorous theropods. But in other respects ... "Fused and vaulted nasals of tyrannosaurid dinosaurs: Implications for cranial strength and feeding mechanics" (PDF). Acta ... Recently, skeletons of other, slightly larger, carnivores have been found, such as Giganotosaurus, Spinosaurus, and ...
Fruit and vegetables for kids
Zinc is found in many fruits and vegetables for example: Avocado, dates, raspberries, bamboo shoots, brussels sprouts, worn and ... Strong impulses allow for fast recognition of stimulus and allow for muscle contraction (Deen & Hark 2007). Helps with blood ... Increases strength of bones, teeth and connective tissues - Aids the production of collagen which is the foundational matrix of ... Common sources of calcium are found in dates, grapefruit,oranges, celery, beans, turnips and brussels sprouts. Foundation for ...
فهرست یهودیان برنده جایزه نوبل - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
"for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the دگرگشت of اسید لاکتیک in the muscle" ... "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and ... "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength" ...
Tapping the tendon stretches the thigh muscle, which activates stretch receptors within the muscle called muscle spindles. Each ... Mechanoreceptors found in areas of the body with less tactile acuity tend to have larger receptive fields. ... Mechanical pressure of varying strength and frequency can be applied to the corpuscle by stylus, and the resulting electrical ... Muscle spindles and the stretch reflex. The knee jerk is the popularly known stretch reflex (involuntary kick of the ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
People with COPD who are underweight can improve their breathing muscle strength by increasing their calorie intake. When ... Tai Chi was not found to be more effective than other exercise intervention programs. Inspiratory and expiratory muscle ... COPD often leads to reduction in physical activity, in part due to shortness of breath. In later stages of COPD muscle ... Some also have a degree of airway hyperresponsiveness to irritants similar to those found in asthma. ...
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
... motor neurons and skeletal muscle and it is also found in saliva. ... "Brain scans 'could reveal mental strength'". Science. Telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 21 ... found in the brain and the periphery. *^ a b Jones KR, Reichardt LF (October 1990). "Molecular cloning of a human gene that is ... BDNF has been found within many areas of the brain and plays an important role in supporting the formation of memories. It ...
Artificial cardiac pacemaker
A 2008 U.S. study has found that the magnets in some headphones included with portable music players, when placed within an ... The other end of a pacemaker lead is actually implanted into the heart muscle. In addition leads that have been implanted for a ... The patient should have the strength of his or her heart analyzed frequently with echocardiography, every 1 or 2 years, to make ... A panel of The Heart Rhythm Society, a specialist organization based in Washington, DC found that it was legal and ethical to ...
Horses in warfare
... limiting both the strength and mobility of the animal. By the time of the Hyksos invasions of Egypt, c. 1600 BC, horses were ... more muscled horse to carry the additional weight. The cataphract was a type of heavily armoured cavalry with distinct ... The use of armies consisting mostly of cavalry continued among the Turkish people who founded the Ottoman Empire. Their need ... finding them to be better than mules for the job. ... and provide a more rested rescue worker when a subject is found ...
The highest dew points consistently found in the US are found in coastal Florida and Texas. When comparing Key West and Houston ... With so much blood going to the external surface of the body, less goes to the active muscles, the brain, and other internal ... Physical strength declines, and fatigue occurs sooner than it would otherwise. Alertness and mental capacity also may be ... Dew points of 95 degrees are found on the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia at certain times. One 2003 report of a temperature of ...
Find sources: "Fishing rod" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this ... However, by 1977, boron fibre technology had been muscled out by the cheaper material graphite and was no longer competitive in ... usually referred to as hoop strength). The rod tapers from one end to the other and the degree of taper determines how much of ... They are found on specialised hand-built rods. Apart from adding the correct mass, depending on the kind of rod, this fitting ...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
A 2012 review found no evidence that medications are effective at reducing muscle cramps experienced by people with ALS; ... convenient test of diaphragm strength that is not affected by bulbar muscle weakness. If someone with ALS has signs and ... ALS is characterized by stiff muscles, muscle twitching, and gradually worsening weakness due to muscles decreasing in size. ... Stiff muscles, muscle twitching, gradually worsening weakness. Complications. Difficulty in speaking, swallowing, breathing[ ...
The strength of MHC class I ligand binding is dependent on the composition of the ligand C-terminus, as peptides bind by ... Proteasomes are found inside all eukaryotes and archaea, and in some bacteria. In eukaryotes, proteasomes are located both in ... "Size and shape of the multicatalytic proteinase from rat skeletal muscle". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 872 (3): 253-60. doi: ... For example, studies in mice bearing human skin grafts found a reduction in the size of lesions from psoriasis after treatment ...
... rusticity and strength. German Shepherds were found to have the highest intelligence and Doberman Pinschers the highest level ... Neck and back are well muscled, the chest is broad and deep. Unlike the vast majority of canines, the croup is higher than the ... When a Brazilian Mastiff finds its quarry, it does not attack it, but rather holds it at bay until the hunter arrives. Owing to ... The dedication and obedience of the Fila Brasileiro has found its way into Brazilian saying "As faithful as a Fila". ...
Find sources: "Bernarr Macfadden" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (April 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this ... Born in Mill Spring, Missouri, Macfadden changed his first and last names to give them a greater appearance of strength. He ... Bennett, Jim (2016). Muscles, Sex, Money, & Fame. pp. 487-. ISBN 978-1-365-55689-0. .. ... He founded the long-running magazine publishing company Macfadden Publications. He was the predecessor of Charles Atlas and ...
Cold water immersion after strength training hinders muscle adaptation, study finds
The comprehensive study found cold water immersion after strength training hindered muscle adaptation - pouring cold water on ... Cold water immersion after strength training hinders muscle adaptation, study finds. *Download PDF Copy ... The researchers found that the activity of satellite cells, akin to muscle stem cells, and pathways needed to build bigger ... At the end of the 12 weeks, muscle strength and mass had increased more in the active warm down group than the ice bath group. ...
Microscopic muscles: How non-muscle cells find the strength to move | EurekAlert! Science News
... the ordered arrangement of myosin-II filaments in actin cables of non-muscle cells. ... Microscopic muscles: How non-muscle cells find the strength to move. National University of Singapore ... Although not as strong as those found in muscle cells, their organisation in non-muscle cells allows them to remain responsive ... As observed in this study, even non-muscle cells require the strength to pull against their surroundings, and fight their way ...
Gene Therapy Found to be Effective in Improving Muscle Strength in Animal Model of Fatal Muscle Disease
... models and published in the journal Science Translational Medicine suggests that gene therapy can be used in improving muscle ... Gene Therapy Found to be Effective in Improving Muscle Strength in Animal Model of Fatal Muscle Disease. ... Overview about muscular dystrophy, a muscle disease characterized by muscle weakness and muscle wasting. ... with robust improvement in muscle strength, corrected muscle structure at the microscopic level, and prolonged life. No toxic ...
4 Keys to Strength Building and Muscle Mass
In fact, most of us start losing muscle around age 30, with a 3- to 8-percent reduction in lean muscle mass every decade ... Muscle is harder to build and maintain as we age. ... Find an Expert Need serious help making a plan? The nutrition ... 4 Keys to Strength Building and Muscle Mass Reviewed by Taylor Wolfram, MS, RDN, LDN Published December 15, 2016 ... Strength training is an important piece of the fitness equation. Men and women should participate in muscle strengthening ...
Pulmonary function, muscle strength and m... & related info | Mendeley
Numerous reports have linked extremity muscle strength with mortality but the mechanism underlying this association is not ... Find this document. *DOI: S0047-6374(08)00161-9 [pii]10.1016/j.mad.2008.07.003 ... that extremity muscle strength is a surrogate for respiratory muscle strength, and second, that the association of respiratory ... of extremity muscle strength with mortality was no longer significant after including a term for respiratory muscle strength, ...
Effects of myofascial release on strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle group (Book, 1990) [WorldCat.org]
Effects of myofascial release on strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle group. [Stephanie J Montgomery] ... Find more libraries Librarian? Claim your library to Effects of myofascial release on strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle ... schema:name "Effects of myofascial release on strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle group"@en ;. schema:productID "28573655 ... Add tags for "Effects of myofascial release on strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle group". Be the first. ...
Jim Stoppani's encyclopedia of muscle & strength (Book, 2015) [WorldCat.org]
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Extreme Cold Good for Post-exercise Muscle Strength Recovery
Overall, the researchers found the whole-body cryotherapy method to be most effective. The first cryotherapy session, conducted ... Athletes try hard to protect their muscles and recover from exercise-induced muscle damage, but there hasnt been much research ... allowed the runners to recover maximal muscle strength, while the same result took much longer to attain with the other ... Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen is the most effective method to remove common warts, found a study published in CMAJ . ...
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Predicting Recovery of Heart Muscle Strength after a Heart Attack | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
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Postion On Nutrient Supplementation Essay - 1645 Words - BrightKite
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Slowing Loss of Muscle and Bone Strength with Aging - Road Bike Rider Cycling Resource Guide
... researchers found that a proper exercise program enlarged and strengthened the muscles in 93 percent of the participants ( ... Muscle Strength Parallels Bone Strength. Each exercise strengthens only the muscles and bones that are specifically stressed by ... You can slow this loss of muscle strength by using exercise to increase the size and strength of the remaining muscle fibers. ... How Aging Causes Muscle Loss and Weakness. Every muscle is made up of many different fibers just as a rope is made of many ...
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Calmodulin Methyltransferase Is Required for Growth, Muscle Strength, Somatosensory Development and Brain Function | proLékaře...
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Fitter Bodies Make for Healthier Brains, Study Finds
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Lose Muscle Strength | BlackDoctor
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Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation During Hemodialysis in Peripheral Muscle Strength and Exercise Capacity | Clinical...
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Training for Size & Strength - Does the <i>Rest</i> Matter? Study Finds 7-9% Greater Increase in Muscle Size With Decreasing...
Training for Size & Strength - Does the Rest Matter? Study Finds 7-9% Greater Increase in Muscle Size With Decreasing Rest ... "Short rest periods to burn fat, medium rest periods to build muscle and long rest periods to build strength" - its actually ... Learn more about muscle builder & fat shredder training at the SuppVersity. Optimizing Rest for Size and Strength Gains ... Labels: 1rm, arms, bench press, biceps, body building, build muscle, build strength, CSA, hypertrophy, performance, ...
Grip Strength and Muscle Fatigue | Experiment #17 from Human Physiology with Vernier
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Prader-Willi syndrome facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Prader-Willi syndrome
Hypotonia -Having reduced or diminished muscle tone or strength.. Imprinting -A process that silences a gene or group of genes ... and is made up of a molecular sequence found on a section of DNA. Each gene is found on a precise location on a chromosome. ... Hypotonia- Low muscle tone.. Imprinting- Process that silences a gene or group of genes. The genes are silenced depending on if ... Muscles often remain underdeveloped and body fat is increased.. When to call the doctor. Parents should call a doctor if they ...
The Effects of Protein Supplements on Muscle Mass, Strength, and Aerobic and Anaerobic Power in Healthy Adults: A Systematic...
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Muscle Strength and Bone Health Changes In Your 50s
... youll find that your muscular endurance is still robust. But to control your weight, youll also need to exercise and eat more ... could help preserve muscle mass and strength, research suggests. Muscle matters: By making it a priority, youll cut your risk ... Your Muscles and Bones at 50+. What to expect for your strength, balance and even your skull. by Sari Harrar, AARP The Magazine ... Keep muscles healthy with regular strength training - a smart step that 79 percent of people in their 50s skip. And try eating ...
Muscle strength. Athletes sometimes use DHEA to build muscle strength, but there is a lack of evidence to support this use. ... Some studies have found that naturally higher levels of DHEA and DHEAS have a positive effect on some types of cognitive tasks. ... Some athletes use or have used DHEA to increase muscle strength.. In older people, there is a small amount of weak evidence ... New research finds that combining the drug metformin with an antihypertensive drug cuts off the energy supply to cancer cells ...
Collagen peptide supplementation in combination with resistance training improves body composition and increases muscle...
Collagen peptide supplementation in combination with resistance training improves body composition and increases muscle ... strength in elderly sarcopenic men: a randomised controlled trial - Volume 114 Issue 8 - Denise Zdzieblik, Steffen Oesser, ... Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. ... Protein supplementation in combination with resistance training may increase muscle mass and muscle strength in elderly ...
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- All treatment programs for Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) aim to control muscle damage and inflammation, relieve pain, improve and maintain muscle strength and function, and manage or prevent other symptoms. (epainassist.com)
- The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a group of rare conditions characterised by muscle inflammation (myositis). (biomedcentral.com)
- A number of measurements of myositis disease activity currently exist and include manual muscle testing via the MMT-8, serum creatine kinase (CK) levels and validated questionnaires, such as the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI). (biomedcentral.com)
- These measurements of myositis disease activity, although accurate, only capture specific aspects of disease activity, and do not necessarily objectively assess the patient-experienced consequence of myositis - namely reduced ability to carry out physical activities due to active muscle disease or irreversible muscle damage [ 8 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Physical examination revealed bilateral inspiratory crackles, most appreciable at the basal third of the lung fields and normal strength on all four extremities. (bmj.com)
- However, no clear association between muscle strength and accelerometer-derived physical activity measures was identified. (biomedcentral.com)
- It is anticipated that athletes who use ice baths after workouts would see less long-term muscle gains than those who choose an active warm down. (news-medical.net)
- That's because carbs are partially converted to glycogen, which is stored in muscle to power your workouts. (eatright.org)
- Maximize your TRUE genetic potential for mass and strength with these innovative, science-based, muscle-building workouts. (fitstep.com)
- To get over a plateau and start gaining muscle fast, you sometimes have to stop following traditional bodybuilding methods and get creative with your workouts. (schwarzenegger.com)
- Bodybuilding-style workouts are typically high in volume (which is good for muscle growth) but also high in stress (which is bad for pretty much everything). (schwarzenegger.com)
- In fact, if you use too much volume and stress your body too much, you'll stunt your ability to gain muscle, build strength, or recover fully from your workouts. (schwarzenegger.com)
- Frequency: i don't mean the number of workouts per week, i mean the frequency regarding every muscle. (veganbodybuilding.com)
- You can get fast muscle gains and strength gains doing vigorous bodyweight workouts such as " handstand pushup ", which is known for delivering quick results and large boosts of power. (hubpages.com)
- This puts you at a high level of risk during your workouts, as the muscles that really needed stretching have been ignored. (purevolume.com)
- If you want to increase muscle size and strength, keep your workouts short and intense. (purevolume.com)
Dual-energy X-ray a3
- Measurements included body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, computerized tomography, knee extensor strength, and short physical performance battery (SPPB). (hindawi.com)
- Change from Baseline to Week 25 on appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI) measured by Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) Appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI) is a core requirement for determining the presence of sarcopenia and is calculated as the sum of the appendicular lean mass (kg) of the two upper and two lower limbs quantified by DXA, divided by height (m^2). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Regional muscle mass was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and muscle strength was measured using isokinetic and isometric dynamometers. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Even everyday activities such as carrying groceries, playing with your kids and gardening can strengthen muscles. (eatright.org)
- If you're hoping to gain more muscle mass and strength, employ a workout strategy designed to strengthen different parts of your body and increase overall mass. (wikihow.com)
- When we start to lift weights, our muscles do not strengthen and change at first, but our nervous systems do, according to a fascinating new study in animals of the cellular effects of resistance training. (dailypress.com)
- You can go up and down even one or two steps at a time -- that helps strengthen the leg muscles. (adam.com)
- For adult men and women, regular resistance training exercises are key to building and keeping muscle. (eatright.org)
- Examples of strength training include lifting weights, using resistance bands and doing push-ups, pull-ups and sit-ups. (eatright.org)
- The literature search identified 32 articles which incorporated test metrics that dealt exclusively with changes in muscle mass and strength, 5 articles that implemented combined resistance and aerobic training or followed participants during their normal sport training programs, and 1 article that evaluated changes in muscle oxidative enzymes and maximal aerobic power. (springer.com)
- For untrained individuals, consuming supplemental protein likely has no impact on lean mass and muscle strength during the initial weeks of resistance training. (springer.com)
- Protein supplementation in combination with resistance training may increase muscle mass and muscle strength in elderly subjects. (cambridge.org)
- Our data demonstrate that compared with placebo, collagen peptide supplementation in combination with resistance training further improved body composition by increasing FFM, muscle strength and the loss in FM. (cambridge.org)
- Age-related declines in muscle strength, muscle mass, and muscle density can be attenuated or prevented with a regular structured physical activity program consisting of walking, resistance strength training, and balance training [ 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Resistance training results in mild damage to the muscle fibers. (iherb.com)
- Through proper resistance training, we can provide the stimulus for muscle growth-but without the building blocks for muscle repair and building, the muscles can't increase in strength or size. (iherb.com)
- 1996 ) became the first to demonstrate that supplementation of the leucine metabolite, beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB), combined with resistance training improved protein balance and augmented gains in lean body mass (LBM) and strength. (springer.com)
- Another description portrays functional strength training as a means of performing work against resistance specifically in a way that the strength gained directly benefits the execution of activities of daily living (ADL's) and movements associated with sports. (shapefit.com)
- Its buoyancy provides support for weak limbs and promotes muscle relaxation, while its resistance helps build muscle strength. (prweb.com)
- Lifting weights (resistance training) builds up muscle and reduces loss of muscle in such diseases as HIV infection and congestive heart failure. (annals.org)
- No one has tested resistance training to see if it prevents loss of muscle in patients with kidney disease who are following a low-protein diet. (annals.org)
- Lifting weights (resistance training) appears to help counteract the muscle loss that can occur when people eat a low-protein diet to prevent worsening of kidney disease. (annals.org)
- Obesity caused insulin resistance affects glucose absorption, an important ingredient for creating muscles and supplying energy. (healthcanal.com)
- Obese subjects with low muscle mass had about 35% higher levels of insulin resistance than obese subjects with normal muscle mass, the study found. (healthcanal.com)
- Strength training, also called resistance training, may be helpful but hasn't been as extensively researched. (mayoclinic.org)
- Understanding the mechanics better could also have clinical applications: If scientists and doctors were to better understand how the nervous system changes during resistance training, they might be better able to help people who lose strength or muscular control after a stroke, for example, or as a result of aging or for other reasons. (dailypress.com)
- Elastic resistance bands (ERB) combined with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) are often used in resistance muscle training programs, which have potential effects on peripheral muscle strength. (scielo.br)
- Currently, specific respiratory muscle training, which applies linear resistance pressures during spontaneous breathing, has had significant effects on respiratory muscle strength and endurance 5 . (scielo.br)
- Conversely, upper extremity resistance exercises may improve respiratory muscle strength. (scielo.br)
- The model proved to reveal the function of methylation of CaM, since CaM was found to be non-methylated and the methylation of CaM found to be important in growth, muscle strength, somatosensory development and brain function. (prolekare.cz)
- This injury prompts signals from the cells that bring about a cascade of events leading to muscle repair and growth. (iherb.com)
- Muscle growth occurs when the rate of muscle protein building is greater than the rate of protein breakdown. (iherb.com)
- For both muscle growth and increased strength, it is a good idea to have a meal consisting of protein , carbohydrate, and fat. (iherb.com)
- Move on to another set of exercises or continue doing sets of bicycle crunches to get fast ab muscle growth and strength gains. (hubpages.com)
- Human Growth Hormone HGH increases energy levels, muscle mass, mental awareness, and sex drive while shedding body fat making you feel and look younger while enhancing your Quality of Life. (amazonaws.com)
- Growth Hormone Stimulant Complex - I-GH promotes a deeper, more restful sleep which helps generate superior levels of lean muscle growth, faster recovery, reduced soreness and lower body fat. (amazonaws.com)
- Post Workout - CELLULAR DRIVER - A refreshing drink that quickly restores energy levels and provides key nutrients for ultra fast recovery and lean muscle growth. (amazonaws.com)
- Potential side effects of long term GH doping could mirror the symptoms found in sufferers of acromegaly, a disease in which the anterior pituitary gland produces excess growth hormone. (wikipedia.org)
- With regard to adverse drug reactions, there is data from animal studies that "long-term administration of human growth hormone can increase the risk of diabetes, retention of fluids, joint and muscle pain, hypertension, cardiomyopathy, osteoporosis, irregular menstruation, impotence and elevated HDL cholesterol. (wikipedia.org)
- A report from the United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform on steroid and growth hormone use found that the misguided use of HGH by professional athletes and entertainers was fuelling the industry peddling the drug to the general public for medically inappropriate uses. (wikipedia.org)
- Some say that human growth hormone will build muscle mass through raised insulin-like growth factors levels leading to heightened protein synthesis without any side effects while other researchers argue that there have been no such findings on young healthy adults. (wikipedia.org)
- Isokinetic quadriceps strength (IQS) of the right leg was determined and sensory motor control (SMC) was investigated by a standardised one-leg stabilisation test. (cambridge.org)
- Vitamin D supplementation in healthy men and women 70y and older with mean serum 25(OH)D levels of ~55 nmol/L increased these levels to ~85 nmol/L and significantly improved quadriceps strength ( Pfeifer et al, 2009 ). (dsm.com)
- We already knew that quadriceps strength was associated with better ability to walk and get up from a chair," Segal said. (adam.com)
- If we have do yet a closer look at the effect sizes, there is yet a notable advantage of the DI protocol in terms of the measured increases in muscle CSA with +14% and +19% in arm and tigh CSA in the constant rest interval group (CI) and +21% and +28% in the decreasing rest interval (DI) group. (blogspot.de)
- Both men and women appeared to show "significant" increases in muscle strength after participating in the tai chi program. (acupuncturetoday.com)
- Transferring the increases in strength that were achieved through one movement and then connecting them back to improvements of performance of another movement by affecting the neuromuscular system is the major goal of functional strength training. (shapefit.com)
- Scientists have known for some time that these early increases in strength must involve changes in the connections between the brain and muscles. (dailypress.com)
- Studies have found that HGH reduces body fat and increases lean body mass. (wikipedia.org)
- Increase the weight as you gain strength. (wikihow.com)
- Study Finds 7-9% Greater Increase in Muscle Size With Decreasing Rest Periods. (blogspot.de)
- Expand Muscle Size, Increase Strength & Optimize Recovery! (muscleandstrength.com)
- have shown in the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study that an increase in muscle fat infiltration, manifested by decreased muscle density or attenuation values [ 8 ], is an important predictor of muscle strength independent of muscle mass [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
- The consequences of this could lead to some abnormalities in the relative speed of increase in muscle strength vs tendon strength. (absolutewrite.com)
- The mass program is designed to increase muscle mass and strength. (reference.com)
- Everyone has bad days, but if you don't increase your strength after a month, you're definitely doing something wrong! (veganbodybuilding.com)
- Of course, nobody is going to have an increase in muscle size or strength without proper training. (iherb.com)
- Find information on how to build muscle, increase strength, lose fat and tone up. (youtube.com)
- i read on the SCC website that to double the strength of a muscle you need to increase the volume by a factor of 4. (rockclimbing.com)
- Certainly it is quite easy to increase strength (especially in untrained individuals) with little to no increase in muscle volume due to neurological adaptions. (rockclimbing.com)
- When researchers later measured muscle mass, they found mice eating both compounds were able to increase muscle mass by 10 percent and muscle strength by 30 percent, the equivalent to that of a young adult mouse. (theweeklychallenger.com)
- Gold's Gym Wellness Director Connie Cheng and Fitness Expert Andy Coggan say advanced athletes trying to reach their peak performance might benefit from the nutrients in supplements that help with muscle recovery, increase work output, develop muscle mass and delay fatigue. (goldsgym.com)
- It helps increase power and strength, promotes recovery and minimizes muscle damage. (goldsgym.com)
- The greatest increase in abdominal muscle strength and endurance. (innovations-report.com)
- As people age, muscle wasting may increase disability for those gaining weight earlier in life," said Canon, the lead author. (healthcanal.com)
- The literature has indicated that the increase in respiratory muscle strength may improve the physical capacity of various populations, such as healthy athletes 6 or patients with heart and lung disease 6 - 8 . (scielo.br)
- However, no increase in muscle strength was observed. (wikipedia.org)
- During the inspection, our investigator found a number of violations of the Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) regulations for Manufacturing, Packaging, Labeling, or Holding Operations for Dietary Supplements, Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 111 (21 CFR 111). (fda.gov)
- Eat a diet geared toward bulking up your muscles, and consider taking supplements to help you get bigger, faster. (wikihow.com)
- Protein supplements are frequently consumed by athletes and recreationally active adults to achieve greater gains in muscle mass and strength and improve physical performance. (springer.com)
- one major new analysis has found that supplements don't prevent fractures). (aarp.org)
- DHEA is also available in supplements, made synthetically using chemicals found in soy and wild yam. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Find out which supplements are effective for building muscle and gaining strength and which supplements are a waste of time and money. (fitstep.com)
- Muscle-building supplements can be an extremely confusing topic. (fitstep.com)
- Researchers plan to eventually continue their investigation in human clinical trials, which could potentially lead to a new line of muscle strengthening supplements and drugs. (theweeklychallenger.com)
- This amino acid in workout supplements helps delay fatigue by offsetting the lactic acid production in the muscles, which is what makes you feel sore. (goldsgym.com)
- Trivalent chromium is the most stable oxidation state for chromium, and it is this form that is found in common nutritional supplements, generally as the picolinate. (drugs.com)
- Based on our review of the labeling and the website, we have concluded that your SO3 + D3 Fish Oil, Fuel Whey Protein, Strong Strength + Muscle, Pure Whey Protein, and Push Pre-Workout products are in violation of Section 403 of the Act [21 U.S.C. §§ and regulations implementing the food labeling requirements of the Act, which are found in 21 CFR 101. (fda.gov)
- Find out why and what the best post-workout supplement to take is. (fitstep.com)
- Breathing ladders are extremely effective for guys who want to gain muscle fast because they allow you to use a lot of volume (total amount of weight lifted in a given workout) without running your body into the ground. (schwarzenegger.com)
- That's because ProV60 contains precise combinations of slow, intermediate, and fast digesting protein for maximum quality and all day muscle protein synthesis, suppressed muscle protein breakdown, and reduced recovery time after a workout. (iherb.com)
- After you can do 50 pushups without incident, lower your hands to your abdomen when you do pushups to focus on muscles you will need to do the planche workout. (hubpages.com)
- These pushups are similar to the original workout, but place more pressure on your triceps, chest, shoulders, and abdominal muscles. (hubpages.com)
- Traditional strength training techniques, which are more common among average workout enthusiasts, are still very important parts of strength training. (shapefit.com)
- To stick with your workout routine, find a fitness friend. (purevolume.com)
- It's great to eat before or after a workout because of its slow-burning complex carbs, significant protein content and rich levels of lysine, an amino acid that assists the body in tissue and muscle repair. (active.com)
- Before the start of the program, the strength and endurance of each patient's knee extensor muscles were tested at various degrees, with patients undergoing several sets of extension-type exercises on their dominant and non-dominant legs. (acupuncturetoday.com)
- While men and women experienced significant gains in extensor strength, increased extensor endurance levels were also reported for both groups. (acupuncturetoday.com)
- The treatments involved a series of exercises performed in the 78- to 80-degree pool at the aquatic fitness center , including deep-water walking and trunk stabilization exercises, as well as shallow-water exercises focused on improving her flexibility, range of motion, strength, gait training, balance, and endurance. (prweb.com)
- Anadrol will give you all the strength, endurance, and stamina that you need for exceptional gym performance. (ncrtec.org)
- This is due to lower testosterone levels in men and lower estrogen levels in women - both hormones that help build muscle - as well as changes in nerve and blood cells and the body not converting amino acids to muscle tissue as efficiently, among other factors. (eatright.org)
- Muscle size and strength were found to be (as expected) due only to testosterone. (jewishjournal.com)
- Interestingly testosterone levels had to get very low before muscle size and strength were affected, suggesting that testosterone supplementation for men with testosterone levels even near the lower limit of normal may not improve their strength. (jewishjournal.com)
- Very little testosterone is all the muscles need. (jewishjournal.com)
- Although best known as a male hormone, testosterone is important for female sexual health, contributing to libido and orgasm as well as helping to maintain normal metabolic function, muscle strength, cognitive function and mood. (eurekalert.org)
- Cortisol has a testosterone-blocking effect and can cause you to lose muscle. (purevolume.com)
- Male" hormones, which are called androgens and include testosterone, help build muscle, speed and strength, among other things. (theglobeandmail.com)
- Children born with X-linked myotubular myopathy, which affects about 1 in 50,000 male births, have very weak skeletal muscles, causing them to appear floppy, with severe respiratory difficulties. (medindia.net)
- We used data from 960 older persons without dementia participating in the Rush Memory and Aging Project to test two sequential hypotheses: first, that extremity muscle strength is a surrogate for respiratory muscle strength, and second, that the association of respiratory muscle strength with mortality is mediated by pulmonary function. (mendeley.com)
- In a series of proportional hazards models, we first demonstrated that the association of extremity muscle strength with mortality was no longer significant after including a term for respiratory muscle strength, controlling for age, sex, education, and body mass index. (mendeley.com)
- Next, the association of respiratory muscle strength with mortality was attenuated by more than 50% and no longer significant after including a term for pulmonary function. (mendeley.com)
- However, the effects of the combination of ERB and PNF on respiratory muscle strength warrant further investigation. (scielo.br)
- The assessment of the effects of PNF combined with ERB on respiratory muscle strength. (scielo.br)
- PNF combined with ERB can have a positive impact on respiratory muscle strength. (scielo.br)
- These results may be useful with respect to cardiopulmonary chronic diseases that are associated with reduced respiratory muscle strength. (scielo.br)
- 9 regarding the improvement of respiratory muscle function confirm the results of Voss et al. (scielo.br)
- 10 , which reported that PNF could be applied in a pulmonary rehabilitation program because it acts on trunk and neck muscles that are closely linked to respiratory function. (scielo.br)
- The combination of PNF with pulleys was beneficial in training with gains in respiratory muscle strength 9 . (scielo.br)
- To find out if you are a candidate for bronchial thermoplasty, or to find physicians performing the procedure in your area, call Lonnie Martinez, director of respiratory care, at (303) 788-6230 . (swedishhospital.com)
- When each muscle fiber heals, it becomes stronger. (roadbikerider.com)
- If you're doing 12 reps with 60kg now and 10months later you can do 60kg for 12 times, you have not improved, you're not stronger and i'll wager that you haven't gained an ounce of muscle. (veganbodybuilding.com)
- Strength Group up to get stronger and challenge every muscle. (24hourfitness.com)
- But almost everyone who starts weight training soon becomes able to generate more muscular force, meaning they can push, pull and raise more weight than before, even though their muscles may not look any larger and stronger. (dailypress.com)
- THURSDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Stronger thigh muscles can help protect women, but not men, from the pain of arthritic knees, a new study finds. (adam.com)
- However, the new study finds that "stronger quadricep [thigh] muscles may protect older adults from developing the combination of osteoarthritis on X-ray and daily pain or stiffness in their knees," said lead researcher Dr. Neil Segal, director of the Clinical Osteoarthritis Research Program at the University of Iowa. (adam.com)
- A second study took muscle biopsies from men after they had performed single-leg strength exercises followed by either an ice bath or active warm down. (news-medical.net)
- As you start gaining strength and building muscle, keep track of how much weight you gain, how much weight you can lift, and what exercises you do from week to week. (wikihow.com)
- If you find that a certain muscle group doesn't seem to be making significant gains, switch up your exercises to see if something else works better. (wikihow.com)
- Stretching exercises stretch and improve the elasticity for back muscles and other soft tissues of the back. (curves.com)
- Nevertheless, weight loss should be accompanied by strength building exercises to insure muscle isn't being lost along with fat. (healthcanal.com)
Mass and strength6
- We found that cold water immersion after training substantially attenuated, or reduced, long-term gains in muscle mass and strength,' Dr Roberts said. (news-medical.net)
- Sleeping well is another essential aspect of gaining mass and strength in a healthy way. (wikihow.com)
- Why is it important to get plenty of sleep when gaining mass and strength? (wikihow.com)
- Still, there's a specific reason to get good sleep when you're gaining mass and strength. (wikihow.com)
- Without affecting muscle mass and strength. (prohealth.com)
- Athletes believe it will improve their muscle mass and strength. (jewishjournal.com)
- Muscle is harder to build and maintain as we age. (eatright.org)
- If you are not training for competition, you can limit each interval to 10-30 seconds, because during that time you will not build up significant amounts of lactic acid or cause much muscle damage, so you can do lots of repeat intervals. (roadbikerider.com)
- Build Leg Strength & Correct Muscle Imbalances! (youtube.com)
- "Short rest periods to burn fat, medium rest periods to build muscle and long rest periods to build strength" - it's actually pretty likely that one of your trainers, gym buddies or fatherly mentors told you something along those lines in the past. (blogspot.de)
- I've used the following method with hundreds of guys - from special military operators to guys who just want to build muscle and look better - and it works like a charm every time. (schwarzenegger.com)
- by avoiding the pressure on the heel, runners build up the muscles that have wasted away due to relying on support from stable running shoes. (news.com.au)
- Lazy people can't build muscle because they do nothing with their time. (hubpages.com)
- Handstand pushups build fast muscle and strength gains in a short period of time. (hubpages.com)
- This is how you build muscle fast in your lower abdomen. (hubpages.com)
- These proteins are easily absorbed in the body, which helps you build strength and thereby gain muscle," she says. (goldsgym.com)
- This is another amino acid that helps build muscle. (goldsgym.com)
- Sometimes dermatomyositis causes calcium to build up in hard bumps under your skin or in a muscle. (webmd.com)
- To build strength, quickly lift light weights. (purevolume.com)
- Takes time to build muscle strength again. (healthboards.com)
- HGH may build up connective tissue within muscles, at least in the short term. (wikipedia.org)
Aches and p2
Supplementation on skeletal1
- To find out if lifting weights helps to preserve muscle in patients on a low-protein diet because of kidney disease, which by itself is characterized by muscle loss referred to as muscle wasting. (annals.org)
- With more oxygen in your blood, you will find it easier to push the limits when you are lifting weights. (ncrtec.org)
- Our experiments reveal that inactivity affects the muscular strength in young and older men equally. (medicalxpress.com)
- Dermatomyositis affects muscles and the tissues around them. (webmd.com)
- Myotonic dystrophy is a long term genetic disorder that affects muscle function. (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] In addition, the severe congenital form that affects babies in DM1 has not been found in DM2 and the early onset of symptoms is rarely noted to appear in younger people in the medical literature. (wikipedia.org)
- The second argument is more supported by research discoveries that HGH affects muscle protein synthesis no differently than a placebo does. (wikipedia.org)
- Normally, these neurons convey electrical messages from the brain to the muscles to stimulate movement in the arms, legs, trunk, neck, and head. (encyclopedia.com)
- Therefore, if we are caught in the middle, which the body is between gravity and the whole body vibration plate we also realize the benefits we are getting from the load of gravity, from the ability of the gravity to stimulate our bones, stimulate our muscles, stimulate our nerves, becomes very, very powerful. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- New research reveals that it only takes two weeks of not using their legs for young people to lose a third of their muscular strength, leaving them on par with a person who is 40-50 years their senior. (medicalxpress.com)
- But how quickly do we actually lose our muscular strength and muscle mass if we go from being averagely active to being highly inactive? (medicalxpress.com)
- Having had one leg immobilized for two weeks, young people lose up to a third of their muscular strength, while older people lose approx. (medicalxpress.com)
- A young man who is immobilized for two weeks loses muscular strength in his leg equivalent to ageing by 40 or 50 years," says Andreas Vigelsoe, PhD at the Center for Healthy Aging and the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Copenhagen. (medicalxpress.com)
- Unfortunately, bicycle-training is not enough for the participants to regain their original muscular strength. (medicalxpress.com)
- Your body relies on fat to supply energy to muscles during activity, and how much fat a person needs can vary. (eatright.org)
- The Krebs cycle is found only in mitochondria, many small compartments inside all the cells in your body except mature red blood cells. (roadbikerider.com)
- Quadriceps muscle strength and muscle mass at the lower limbs were measured by the Quadriceps Training Machine (QTM-05F, Alcare Co., Ltd. Tokyo, Japan) and the Body Composition Analyzer MC-190 (Tanita Corp., Tokyo, Japan), respectively. (mendeley.com)
- Results: Quadriceps muscle strength and weight bearing index (WBI: quadriceps muscle strength by weight) were significantly associated with knee pain after adjustment for age and body mass index, whereas grip strength and muscle mass at the lower limbs were not. (mendeley.com)
- Muscles are the most adaptable tissue in the human body. (iherb.com)
- It works out all the upper muscles in the human body, sculpting your physique. (hubpages.com)
- In general, I think you are correct: strength is relatively proportional to size (although there is some controversy about this wrt age of groups measured, i.e. elderly vs young, and also I am not sure this principle is always true for every muscle group in the body). (rockclimbing.com)
- Mitochondria -- organelles that produce the energy needed for muscle, brain, and every other cell in the body -- repair their broken components by fusing with other mitochondria and exchanging their contents. (newswise.com)
- We were examining, as part of a sponsored research programme, the efficacy of a combined programme of brisk walking and abdominal muscle stimulation on fitness, health, body composition and body self-perception among sedentary women. (innovations-report.com)
- This happens first to the muscles closest to your center of your body, including those in your hips, thighs, shoulders, upper arms, and neck. (webmd.com)
- In your pursuit for ultimate body fitness, you will find legal steroids extremely handy. (ncrtec.org)
- If you are not using legal anabolic steroids yet you are dieting and exercising, there is the risk that your body will enter a starvation mode which will lead to the shielding of fat cells while muscle mass is used. (ncrtec.org)
- In ALS, for unknown reasons, these neurons die, leading to a progressive loss of the ability to move virtually any of the muscles in the body. (encyclopedia.com)
- Those of us who join a gym - or, because of the current pandemic restrictions and concerns, take up body-weight training at home - may feel some initial disappointment when our muscles do not rapidly bulge with added bulk. (dailypress.com)
- Armed with the new knowledge Pavel gives you, you'll find yourself with the power-body of a wild animal - but the mindset of a skilled strength-scientist. (dragondoor.com)
- In the body of the book we find explanations and problems to work. (ewtn.com)
- So it seems like I should avoid dbol for two reasons: 1) I don't need it, as test E should be enough 2) I want to find out how my body reacts to Test E? (amazonaws.com)
- Becker muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that gradually makes the body's muscles weaker and smaller. (kidshealth.org)
- Compounds found in fruit skins may be able to prevent muscles from aging and getting weaker. (theweeklychallenger.com)
- However, men with strong thigh muscles had only slightly better odds of avoiding painful knee osteoarthritis compared with men with weaker knee extensor strength. (adam.com)
- Dr Peake said the results suggested people should steer clear of ice baths - at least after strength training sessions. (news-medical.net)
- The results were exciting in that they showed "for the first time that mitochondrial fusion occurs in muscle cells," says Dr. Eisner. (newswise.com)
- These results showed that thigh muscle strength was not a significant predictor of osteoarthritis that was detected via X-ray. (adam.com)
Loss of muscle8
- however, loss of strength cannot exclusively be attributed to the loss of muscle mass [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
- The shrunk shank is a result of loss of muscle with aging. (wikipedia.org)
- But even though older people lose less muscle mass and their level of fitness is reduced slightly less than in young people, the loss of muscle mass is presumably more critical for older people , because it is likely to have a greater impact on their general health and quality of life," says Martin Gram, researcher at the Center for Healthy Aging and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, explains. (medicalxpress.com)
- It's interesting that inactivity causes such rapid loss of muscle mass, in fact it'll take you three times the amount of time you were inactive to regain the muscle mass that you've lost. (medicalxpress.com)
- Adams and his colleagues discovered that the ursolic acid in apple peels and tomatidine compounds in the skin of green tomatoes prevented muscle atrophy - the loss of muscle mass due to the natural aging process - by turning off the problematic protein ATF4. (theweeklychallenger.com)
- One long-term symptom of alcoholism is the loss of muscle strength. (newswise.com)
- The key point about this research is the theory that the loss of muscle strength eventually levels off," she said. (chron.com)
- Amyotrophic" refers to the loss of muscle bulk, a cardinal sign of ALS. (encyclopedia.com)
- The neural mobilization technique modulates the expression of endogenous opioids in the periaqueductal gray and improves muscle strength and mobili. (nih.gov)
- What's more, rich magnesium content improves blood circulation to your muscles, which will lower the risk of cramping and develops healthier tissues. (active.com)
- A groin strain is when one or more of the muscles in the inner thigh gets stretched, injured, or torn. (kidshealth.org)
- At 6 months, PA+WL lost greater thigh fat and muscle area compared to PA+SA. (hindawi.com)
- Over two and a half years, the researchers evaluated each participant for thigh muscle strength. (adam.com)
- Heller recommends climbing stairs slowly, making the best use of the thigh muscles. (adam.com)
- The finding follows an analysis of fitness and brain health among more than 1,200 young adults, average age 30. (healthday.com)
- OBJECTIVE -It has been shown that adults with either long-standing type 1 or type 2 diabetes had lower skeletal muscle strength than nondiabetic adults in cross-sectional studies. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Competitive athletes can also use long intervals that take more than two minutes each, but they can do only a few of these repeats since they cause significant muscle damage. (roadbikerider.com)
- ProV60 is the 'Original' Time-Release protein blend which thousands of top athletes depend on and trust for their lean muscle building and strength needs. (iherb.com)
- If you were to ask almost any fitness or strength and conditioning professional what the newest trend is with training athletes and regular clientele, some use of the word functional training would come out of their mouth. (shapefit.com)