Flavonoids: A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.Kaempferols: A group of FLAVONOLS based on kaempferol. They are derived from naringenin and can be hydroxylated to QUERCETIN or reduced to leucopelargonidin.Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.Flavanones: A group of FLAVONOIDS characterized with a 4-ketone.Luteolin: 5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-flavone, one of the FLAVONES.Flavonols: A group of 3-hydroxy-4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.Flavones: A group of 4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.Apigenin: 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-flavone, one of the FLAVONES.Hesperidin: A flavanone glycoside found in CITRUS fruit peels.Rutin: A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Chamomile: Common name for several daisy-like plants (MATRICARIA; TRIPLEUROSPERMUM; ANTHEMIS; CHAMAEMELUM) native to Europe and Western Asia, now naturalized in the United States and Australia.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.PicratesEpimedium: A plant genus of the family BERBERIDACEAE which is used in DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL. Members contain flavonol glycosides including epimedins, icariin and noricariin.Catechin: An antioxidant flavonoid, occurring especially in woody plants as both (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin (cis) forms.Anthocyanins: A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Sophora: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Citrus: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.Scutellaria baicalensis: A plant species of the genus SCUTELLARIA, family LAMIACEAE, that contains skullcapflavone and is used in CHINESE HERBAL DRUGS.Plant Components, Aerial: The above-ground plant without the roots.Polyphenols: A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Proanthocyanidins: Dimers and oligomers of flavan-3-ol units (CATECHIN analogs) linked mainly through C4 to C8 bonds to leucoanthocyanidins. They are structurally similar to ANTHOCYANINS but are the result of a different fork in biosynthetic pathways.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Free Radical Scavengers: Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.ChalconeGlycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Chalcones: Compounds based on CHALCONE. They are important intermediates in the formation of FLAVONOIDS.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Moraceae: The mulberry plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have milky latex and small, petalless male or female flowers.Propolis: A resinous substance obtained from beehives that is used traditionally as an antimicrobial. It is a heterogeneous mixture of many substances.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Prenylation: Attachment of isoprenoids (TERPENES) to other compounds, especially PROTEINS and FLAVONOIDS.Crataegus: A genus in the family ROSACEAE of shrubs and small trees native to the North Temperate Zone. It is best known for a traditional medication for the heart.Isoflavones: 3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position.Primulaceae: A plant family of the order Primulales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The flowers have both stamens and pistil, and the fruits are capsules.Biphenyl CompoundsChromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Eriocaulaceae: A plant family of the order Commelinales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons).Genistein: An isoflavonoid derived from soy products. It inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE and topoisomerase-II (DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE II); activity and is used as an antineoplastic and antitumor agent. Experimentally, it has been shown to induce G2 PHASE arrest in human and murine cell lines and inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE.Chlorogenic Acid: A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).Rutaceae: A plant family in the order Sapindales that grows in warmer regions and has conspicuous flowers.Hydroxyethylrutoside: Monohydroxyethyl derivative of rutin. Peripheral circulation stimulant used in treatment of venous disorders.Baccharis: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Other plants called broom include CYTISUS; SPARTIUM; and BROMUS.Sulfonic Acids: Inorganic or organic oxy acids of sulfur which contain the RSO2(OH) radical.Bidens: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain bidensyneosides (polyacetylene glucosides).Biflavonoids: Dimers (homo and hetero) of FLAVONOIDS.Asteraceae: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.Phytochemicals: A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.Ginger: Deciduous plant rich in volatile oil (OILS, VOLATILE). It is used as a flavoring agent and has many other uses both internally and topically.Tea: The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.Hippophae: A plant genus of the family ELAEAGNACEAE. Linoleic (18:2n-6) and alpha-linolenic acids (18:3n-3) comprised about 70% of seed oil fatty acids. This is unrelated to 'artificial sea buckthorn oil'. This genus does not belong to the buckthorn family (RHAMNACEAE).Morus: A plant genus of the family MORACEAE that is widely planted for shade.Glycyrrhiza: A genus of leguminous herbs or shrubs whose roots yield GLYCYRRHETINIC ACID and its derivative, CARBENOXOLONE.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Rhizome: Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Citrus paradisi: A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that produces the familiar grapefruit. There is evidence that grapefruit inhibits CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP3A4, resulting in delayed metabolism and higher blood levels of a variety of drugs.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Hydroxybenzoates: Benzoate derivatives substituted by one or more hydroxy groups in any position on the benzene ring.Bauhinia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain isoacteoside, luteolin, indole-3-carboxylic acid.Rhamnaceae: The buckthorn plant family, of the order Rhamnales, includes some species with edible fruits and some that are medicinal.Scopolia: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE after which the compound SCOPOLAMINE HYDROBROMIDE got its name.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Gallic Acid: A colorless or slightly yellow crystalline compound obtained from nutgalls. It is used in photography, pharmaceuticals, and as an analytical reagent.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Millettia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ISOFLAVONES, some of which show molluscicidal and schistosomicidal activity. Some species of Pongamia have been reclassified to this genus and some to DERRIS.Andrographis: A plant genus of the family ACANTHACEAE. Members contain andrographolide and other DITERPENES and androechin, a CHALCONE.Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet: Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)GlucosidesMethanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Glucuronides: Glycosides of GLUCURONIC ACID formed by the reaction of URIDINE DIPHOSPHATE GLUCURONIC ACID with certain endogenous and exogenous substances. Their formation is important for the detoxification of drugs, steroid excretion and BILIRUBIN metabolism to a more water-soluble compound that can be eliminated in the URINE and BILE.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Thymelaeaceae: A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mainly trees and shrubs. Many members contain mucilage and COUMARINS.Dalbergia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members of this genus can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS.Hydroxyl Radical: The univalent radical OH. Hydroxyl radical is a potent oxidizing agent.Benzothiazoles: Compounds with a benzene ring fused to a thiazole ring.Inhibitory Concentration 50: The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.Artemisia annua: A plant species of the genus ARTEMISIA, family ASTERACEAE. It is the source of the antimalarial artemisinin (ANTIMALARIALS).Hypericum: Genus of perennial plants in the family CLUSIACEAE (sometimes classified as Hypericaceae). Herbal and homeopathic preparations are used for depression, neuralgias, and a variety of other conditions. Hypericum contains flavonoids; GLYCOSIDES; mucilage, TANNINS; volatile oils (OILS, ESSENTIAL), hypericin and hyperforin.Astragalus Plant: A plant genus in the family FABACEAE, subfamily Papilionaceae, order Fabales, subclass Rosidae. Many of the species are associated with poisoning of grazing animals. Some of the species are used medicinally.Coumaric Acids: Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.Trifolium: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.Ginkgo biloba: The only specie of the genus Ginkgo, family Ginkgoacea. It is the source of extracts of medicinal interest, especially Egb 761. Ginkgo may refer to the genus or species.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Tephrosia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains tephrorin, tephrosone, and C-prenylflavonoids.Vitis: A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.Diosmin: A bioflavonoid that strengthens vascular walls.Combretum: A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Triterpenes and combretastatin have been identified in members of this genus.Chrysanthemum: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.Myrtaceae: The myrtle plant family of the order Myrtales. It includes several aromatic medicinal plants such as EUCALYPTUS.Typhaceae: A plant family of the order Typhales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons) that contains a single genus, Typha, that grows worldwide.Blueberry Plant: Several plant species of the genus VACCINIUM known for the edible blueberry fruit.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Melissa: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. The common names of beebalm or lemonbalm are also used for MONARDA.Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization: A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Viola: A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.Rosales: An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.Onions: Herbaceous biennial plants and their edible bulbs, belonging to the Liliaceae.Chromolaena: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common name of thoroughwort is also used for other plants including EUPATORIUM; CHROMOLAENA, Hebeclinium and Koanophyllon. Eupolin is the aqueous extract of the leaves.Plant Exudates: Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.Cynara scolymus: A plant species of the genus CYNARA, family ASTERACEAE. The flower bud is the familiar artichoke eaten as a vegetable.Malus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.Rhus: A plant genus of the family Anacardiaceae, order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae. It is a source of gallotannin (TANNIC ACID) and of somewhat edible fruit. Do not confuse with TOXICODENDRON which used to be part of this genus.Citrus sinensis: A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.Vaccinium macrocarpon: A plant species of the family VACCINIUM known for the sour fruit which is sometimes used for urinary tract infections.Cissus: A plant genus of the family VITACEAE. Cissus rufescence gum is considered comparable to TRAGACANTH.tert-Butylhydroperoxide: A direct-acting oxidative stress-inducing agent used to examine the effects of oxidant stress on Ca(2+)-dependent signal transduction in vascular endothelial cells. It is also used as a catalyst in polymerization reactions and to introduce peroxy groups into organic molecules.Melastomataceae: A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Prunus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Ranunculaceae: The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.Ilex: A plant genus of the family AQUIFOLIACEAE. The common name of 'holly' usually refers to this genus but may sometimes refer to similar looking plants of the MAHONIA or QUERCUS genus.Lamiaceae: The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Caco-2 Cells: Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.Anti-Allergic Agents: Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)Agrimonia: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE that has been used in folk treatment of diabetes. Members contain agrimoniin (TANNINS).Malpighiaceae: A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae class, Magnoliopsida that are mostly shrubs and small trees. Many of the members contain indole alkaloids.Anticarcinogenic Agents: Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced tumors independently of the mechanism involved.Honey: A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.Loranthaceae: The showy mistletoe plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. This includes parasitic tropical plants with haustoria connecting to the hosts. The leaves are opposite and thick. The flowers (4-7) have both calyx and corolla. The fruit is a berry with one seed.Hydrogen Peroxide: A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.Acyltransferases: Enzymes from the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of acyl groups from donor to acceptor, forming either esters or amides. (From Enzyme Nomenclature 1992) EC 2.3.Euphorbiaceae: The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic: Agents obtained from higher plants that have demonstrable cytostatic or antineoplastic activity.Apiaceae: A large plant family in the order Apiales, also known as Umbelliferae. Most are aromatic herbs with alternate, feather-divided leaves that are sheathed at the base. The flowers often form a conspicuous flat-topped umbel. Each small individual flower is usually bisexual, with five sepals, five petals, and an enlarged disk at the base of the style. The fruits are ridged and are composed of two parts that split open at maturity.Viscum: A plant genus in the family VISCACEAE, order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Species of this genus contain cytotoxic LECTINS. The common name of MISTLETOE is used for many species of this and the LORANTHACEAE families.Lipid Peroxidation: Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.Vernonia: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain germacrane and sesquiterpene LACTONES.Oxidants: Electron-accepting molecules in chemical reactions in which electrons are transferred from one molecule to another (OXIDATION-REDUCTION).Butea: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains butrin and isobutrin.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Biosynthetic Pathways: Sets of enzymatic reactions occurring in organisms and that form biochemicals by making new covalent bonds.Caesalpinia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The common name of "Bird-Of-Paradise" is also used for other plants such as Heliconia (HELICONIACEAE) and Strelitzia (STRELITZIACEAE) and some birds. The common name of "Cat's-Claw" is more often used with UNCARIA. The common name of "Pernambuco" also refers to a state in Brazil. Furanoditerpenoid lactones and caesalpin are produced by members of this genus.Polypodiaceae: The fern plant family of the order Polypodiales, class Filicopsida, division Pteridophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta.
... 3,7-dirhamnoside can be found in the fern Asplenium antiquum. Flavonoids of Elaeocarpus lanceofolius. AB Ray, SC ... It can be found in Eucalyptus globulus and in Elaeocarpus lanceofolius. ...
Comparative biochemistry of flavonoids-II. : 3-Desoxyanthocyanins and their systematic distribution in ferns and gesnerads. J.B ... The columnidin is named after the gesneriad genus Columnea in which it is found, notably in Columnea hybrida. ... Columnidin is an orange red pigment, belonging to the 3-deoxyanthocyanidins found in red-flowered western-hemisphere gesneriad ...
It can be found in Prunus sp. Flavonoids of Various Prunus Species. IV. The Flavonoids in the Wood of Prunus donarium var. ... Sakuranin is a flavanone, a type of flavonoid. It is the O-glucoside of sakuranetin. ...
The study found that the majority of respondents were unwilling to pay the actual price premium of 27% for fair trade coffee. ... "Studies force new view on biology of flavonoids", by David Stauth, EurekAlert!. Adapted from a news release issued by Oregon ... They found that higher coffee consumption was associated with lower risk of death, and that those who drank any coffee lived ... A contemporary example of religious prohibition of coffee can be found in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The ...
... s are a class of polyphenols found in a variety of plants. Chemically, they are oligomeric flavonoids. Many are ... OPCs are found in most plants and thus are common in the human diet. Especially the skin, seeds, and seed coats of purple or ... Apples contain on average per serving about eight times the amount of proanthocyanidin found in wine, with some of the highest ... or 240 mL). Many other foods and beverages may also contain proanthocyanidins, but few attain the levels found in red grape ...
It is a perennial herbaceous plant found in mountain valleys and lowlands in Korea and Japan. It grows well in sunny or ... It grows up to 30 centimetres (12 in) - 80 centimetres (31 in). The plant contains tannins and flavonoids. Their roots are used ...
It is a rare O-methylated flavonoid, a derivative of delphinidin. It can be found in some species of Plumbago and Ceratostigma ... Europinidin on www.food-info.net Harborne, J.B. (1967). "Comparative biochemistry of the flavonoids-IV". Phytochemistry. 6 (10 ...
E. burttii contains flavonoids with antimicrobial properties. 7-O-Methylluteone, a prenylated isoflavone, can be found in the ... The isoflav-3-enes burttinol-A and burttinol-C, and the 2-arylbenzofuran derivative burttinol-D, also found in the root bark, ... Erythrina burttii is a flowering plant species in the genus of Erythrina found in Kenya and Ethiopia. ... 2012). "The antiplasmodial and radical scavenging activities of flavonoids of Erythrina burttii". Acta Tropica. 123 (2): 123-7 ...
... due to its high level of flavonoids. It does not contain the antioxidant epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) found in green tea. ... The Emperor found that the tea had amazing health effects, so he ordered that the tea be exclusively for himself.[citation ... Similar plants are also found in other provinces of China, mainly south of the Yangtze River. A few studies[which?] have also ... It is mainly distributed in central and southern China, but can also be found in some southeast Asian countries. The leaves and ...
Ombuin-3-O-rhamnosylglucoside, a glycoside of ombuin, can be found in E. rufum. Flavonoids of Erythroxylum rufum and ...
... , also known as daidzein 8-C-(6-apiofuranosylglucoside), is an isoflavone that is found in Pueraria mirifica and ... Dictionary of Flavonoids with CD-ROM. CRC Press. pp. 288-. ISBN 978-1-4822-8250-4. Chansakaow S, Ishikawa T, Sekine K, Okada M ...
It can be found in Primula sinensis. The first crystalline form of this pigment was prepared by Rose Scott-Moncrieff in about ... Primulin Yellow on chemicalregister.com J. B. Harborne; H. S. A. Sherratt (1961). "Plant Polyphenols: 3. Flavonoids in ...
... is an aurone, a type of flavonoids. Aureusidin synthase is an enzyme found in Antirrhinum majus (Garden snapdragon ...
... is a flavanol, a type of flavonoids. Prorobinetinidins, flavanols oligomers containing robinetinidol, can be ... found in Stryphnodendron adstringens. Robinetinidin, the corresponding anthocyanidin Prorobinetinidins from Stryphnodendron ...
The most abundant phenolic compounds present are flavonoids. A major phenol was found to be kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside based on ... The floral volatile emission of this cultivar of G. globosa was found to exhibit a diurnal pattern independent of light. ... globosa including six phenolic acid derivatives and fifteen specific flavonoids. ...
it is mostly found in Ghana in West Africa. it is used to prepare palm nut soup and other types of soups especially what is ... The major constituents are tannins, flavonoids and starch.[citation needed] In West Africa, the plant Tetrapleura tetraptera ( ...
A group of natural phenols called the flavonoids are of popular interest because researchers have found them to have the ... Polyphenols in tea include catechins, theaflavins, tannins, and flavonoids. Polyphenols found in green tea include but are not ... According to a report released by USDA, in a 200-ml cup of tea, the mean total content of flavonoids is 266.68 mg for green tea ... Tea has one of the highest contents of flavonoids among common food and beverage products. Catechins are the largest type of ...
This enzyme participates in flavonoid biosynthesis. The enzyme can be found in the plant Hedysarum sulphurescens and in Vitis ...
... belongs to the flavonoid family. Flavonoids consist of 15 carbon atoms in 3 rings, 2 of which must be benzene rings ... Naringinase is an enzyme that has a wide occurrence in nature and can be found in plants, yeasts, and fungi. It is commercially ... The flavonoid naringenin occurs naturally in citrus fruits, especially in grapefruit, where naringin is responsible for the ... This would suggest than an inhibitor other than naringin, such as furanocoumarin, which is also found in Seville oranges, may ...
It can be found in the bark of Erythrina burttii. The enzyme monoprenyl isoflavone epoxidase uses 7-O-methylluteone, NADPH, H+ ... Two prenylated flavonoids from the stem bark of Erythrina burttii. Abiy Yenesew, Beatrice Irungu, Solomon Derese, Jacob O. ...
Flavonoids found in Scorzonera include apigenin, kaempferol, luteolin, and quercetin. Other secondary metabolites reported from ... Sareedenchai, V. and C. Zidorn (2010). "Flavonoids as chemosystematic markers in the tribe Cichorieae of the Asteraceae". ...
... (in Chinese 披针叶杜英 : pi zhen ye du ying) is a plant species in the genus Elaeocarpus found in South ... Elaeocarpus lanceifolius on www.efloras.org Flavonoids of Elaeocarpus lanceofolius. AB Ray, SC Dutta and S Dasgupta, ... Mearnsetin is an O-methylated flavonol that can be found in E. lanceofolius. ...
The amount of flavonoids depends on the amount of processing and manufacturing the cocoa powder undergoes. Alkalization, also ... All of these minerals are found in greater quantities in cocoa powder than either cocoa butter or cocoa liquor. Cocoa solids ... Health benefits have been attributed to cocoa flavonoids. Natural cocoa powder has a light brown color and an extractable pH of ... Cocoa solids also contain clovamide (N-caffeoyl-L-DOPA). Cocoa powder is rich in flavonoids, a subset of polyphenols. ...
Flavonoids such as kaempferol, quercitin and myricetin are often present. Ellagic acid has never been found in any of the ... In fact, a wide variety of taxa representing the main lineages in the Fabaceae have been found in the fossil record dating from ... Fallow or green manure legume species are cultivated to be tilled back into the soil to exploit the high nitrogen levels found ... C3 photosynthesis has been found in a wide variety of genera. The family has also evolved a unique chemistry. Many legumes ...
However, if a small lizard or mouse, for example, finds its way into the hive and dies there, bees may be unable to carry it ... Other flavonoids commonly present include galangin and pinocembrin. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is also a component of ... Normally, it is dark brown in color, but it can be found in green, red, black, and white hues, depending on the sources of ... An analysis of propolis from Henan, China found sinapinic acid, isoferulic acid, caffeic acid, and chrysin, with the first ...
... is the aglycone form of a number of other flavonoid glycosides, such as rutin and quercitrin, found in citrus fruit, ... Quercetin, a plant flavonol from the flavonoid group of polyphenols, is found in many fruits, vegetables, leaves, and grains; ... Justesen U, Knuthsen P (May 2001). "Composition of flavonoids in fresh herbs and calculation of flavonoid intake by use of ... The enzyme quercitrinase can be found in Aspergillus flavus.[14] This enzyme hydrolyzes the glycoside quercitrin to release ...
It also comprises of flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides.. Experiments were conducted on 63 males to check how useful it was to ... It is found in deodorants, conditioners, shampoos, creams, soaps etc.. Centella Asiatica Extract A research is conducted on ... With a regular usage, it was found that the herb resulted in a better penile erection. ... Centella Asiatica Extract and it is found that this extract has antiulcerogenic, antiviral, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory and ...
Tags: fatty liver disease, flavonoid, flavonoids, food is medicine, Fresh, fruit, goodfood, hepatic steatosis, hepatitis B, ... www.naturalnews.com/2018-06-29-a-flavonoid-in-fruits-and-vegetables-found-to-prevent-hepatitis-b.html",A flavonoid in fruits ... A flavonoid in fruits and vegetables found to prevent hepatitis B. Friday, June 29, 2018 by: Edsel Cook ... www.naturalnews.com/2018-06-29-a-flavonoid-in-fruits-and-vegetables-found-to-prevent-hepatitis-b.html. ...
... Asked. 26 Aug 2016 by ... I found out today my 10 yr old daughter has a staph infection ,it looks minor,I had MRSA september?. Posted 19 May 2010 • 1 ...
One such research item, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found that flavonoids in cocoa could reduce ... www.naturalnews.com/2019-12-22-researchers-find-that-cocoa-flavonoids-can-help-improve-mobility-elderly.html",Researchers find ... Researchers find that cocoa flavonoids can help improve mobility and quality of life for the elderly. Sunday, December 22, 2019 ... Similar to the first test, the participants who consumed the flavonoid-rich drink were found to have significant improvements ...
Men who eat flavonoid-rich foods such as berries, tea, apples and red wine significantly reduce their risk of developing ... Flavonoids are a group of naturally occurring, bioactive compunds found in many plant-based foods and drinks. In this study the ... Home Nutrition News Cancer Eating Flavonoids Protects Men Against Parkinsons Disease, Study Finds ... No similar link was found for total flavonoid intake in women.. The research was led by Dr Xiang Gao of Harvard School of ...
BOSTON - A compound called rutin, commonly found in fruits and vegetables and sold over the counter as a dietary supplement, ... "This was a transformative and unanticipated finding because it identified, for the first time, that PDI is secreted from cells ... A bioflavonoid that is naturally found in many fruits, vegetables and teas including onions, apples and citrus fruits, rutin is ... The study focused on protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) which is found in all cells. Investigators in BIDMCs Division of ...
... www.naturalnews.com/2018-01-21-a-flavonoid-found-in-guava-and-osage-orange-antioxidant-properties.html",A flavonoid found in ... A flavonoid found in guava and Osage orange has antioxidant properties that can reduce inflammation and improve "neurological ... Morin is a natural flavonoid ingredient found in a wide variety of Chinese medicinal plants that is said to possess anti- ... Tags: antioxidants, brain health, brain ischemia, cerebral ischemia, cerebral ischemia treatment, flavonoid, focal cerebral ...
... was developed for rapid identification of 24 flavonoid and naphthopyranone compounds. The methanol extracts of the capitulae ... No Article Versions Notes Found. Submit to Molecules Review for Molecules Edit a Special Issue ...
Flavonoids - Hypoallergenic Vitamin C Supplement Enhanced with Bioflavonoids - 90 Capsules on Amazon.com ✓ FREE SHIPPING on ... Find, attract, and. engage customers. Amazon Drive. Cloud storage. from Amazon. 6pm. Score deals. on fashion brands. AbeBooks. ... Highly Absorbable: Ester-C & flavonoids provides highly absorbable vitamin C and varied flavonoid compounds for synergistic ... Find Movie. Box Office Data. ComiXology. Thousands of. Digital Comics. CreateSpace. Indie Print Publishing. Made Easy. DPReview ...
... kentukea and found several of the flavonoids known from S. japonicum, but the overall mixture of flavonoids in C. kentukea was ... The Kew scientists wanted to know if the flavonoids found in S. japonicum also occurred in C. kentukea, which would support the ... since this species also contains many of the new flavonoids. Explore further: Feathered friends favor fruity flavonoids ... 12 new flavonoids discovered in Kew tree. January 10, 2012 By Dr. Geoffery Kite, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ...
Flavonoids are important plant secondary metabolites, which protect plants from various stresses, including herbivory. Plants ... Moreover, chlorogenic and syringic acids were found in almost all the chromatograms. Discussion The role of flavonoids in ... Sharma and Norris3 observed the negative effect of flavonoids from soybean on Trichoplusia ni (Hub.). Flavonoid production has ... some flavonoids have been found to act as feeding stimulants.26 Conclusion Differential induction of plant secondary ...
This book provides an insightful analysis of the chemopreventive actions of flavonoids. Flavonoids are naturally occurring ... In addition, the promise and pitfalls associated with using flavonoids as chemopreventive agents are discussed.This book is an ... In addition, human consumption of vegetables and fruits with high concentrations of flavonoids is associated with decreased ... Inflammation and Cancer presents an in-depth analysis of the mechanisms by which flavonoids are thought to prevent inflammation ...
China Flavonoids Ginkgo Biloba Extracts Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Flavonoids Ginkgo ... Havent found the right supplier yet ? Let matching verified suppliers find you. Get Quotation NowFREE ... Tags: Flavonoids Ginkgo Biloba Extracts , Pure Flavonoids Ginkgo Biloba Extracts , Natural Flavonoids Ginkgo Biloba Extracts ... The top supplying country is China (Mainland), which supply 100% of flavonoids ginkgo biloba extracts respectively. Flavonoids ...
The highest phenolic, flavonoid, condensed tannin and flavonol concentration was found in P. carthagenensis and P. capillacea ... flavonoids, condensed tannins and flavonols were determined. The chemical compositions of the extracts were investigated using ... The highest phenolic, flavonoid, condensed tannin and flavonol concentration was found in P. carthagenensis and P. capillacea ... Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity, Total Flavonoids, Tannins and Phenolic Compounds in Psychotria Leaf Extracts. Anelise ...
Flavonoids are powerful antioxidants and anti-allergic nutrients that inhibit the release of chemical mediators, synthesis of ... Various studies of flavonoids in asthmatic animal models have demonstrated their beneficial effects. The results of several ... Flavonoids, which are polyphenolic plant secondary metabolites ubiquitously present in vegetables, fruits and beverages, ... Moreover, clinical trials of flavonoids have shown their ameliorative effects on symptoms related to asthma. However, these ...
These molecules are found in a variety of fruits and vegetables. ... Flavonoids are a group of plant metabolites thought to provide ... These molecules are found in a variety of fruits and vegetables.. Flavonoids are polyphenolic molecules containing 15 carbon ... Flavonoids are ubiquitous in plants and are the most common type of polyphenolic compound found in the human diet. ... Oranges, however are an exception to the rule because the flavonoids contained in this fruit are mainly found in the white and ...
... on growth and flavonoid accumulation in sprout cultures of Fagopyrum tataricum (tartary buckwheat). Without obvious change in ... Find out the new papers from selected authors. *Updated daily for 49000+ journals and 6000+ publishers ... Zhao G, Zhao J, Peng L, Zou L, Wang J, Zhong L, Xiang D. Effects of Yeast Polysaccharide on Growth and Flavonoid Accumulation ... Zhao, G.; Zhao, J.; Peng, L.; Zou, L.; Wang, J.; Zhong, L.; Xiang, D. Effects of Yeast Polysaccharide on Growth and Flavonoid ...
The FDA has granted Orphan Drug status to a synthetic cannabis flavonoid, derived from a rare strain of Jamaican ganja, that ... But last summer, a study published in the Frontiers in Oncology journal reported that cannflavin B - a flavonoid, not a ... The FDA has granted Orphan Drug status to a synthetic cannabis flavonoid, derived from a rare strain of Jamaican ganja, that ... The strain has been labeled as 'Black Swan' due to its high flavonoid-rich spectrum." Naturally-grown Black Swan ...
There are approximately 4,000 different flavonoid compounds found in foods, but not all vegetables or fruits contain the same ... There are approximately 4,000 different flavonoid compounds found in foods, many of which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, ... There are approximately 4,000 different flavonoid compounds found in foods, many of which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, ... Here is a list of beneficial flavonoids and the foods they are found in: ...
From flavonoids to flavor By Beryl Lieff Benderly. Feb. 3, 2016. A postdoc follows a scientific passion from the lab to ... A mathematician finds his way through adversity By Michele Catanzaro. Feb. 2, 2016. ...
Plant compound found in spices and herbs increases brain connections. Brazilian researchers from DOr Institute for Research ... Plants are high in flavonoids. So flavonoids are healthy. At least thats the reasoning of many manufacturers of flavonoid- ... Celery, artichokes contain flavonoids that kill human pancreatic cancer cells. Celery, artichokes, and herbs, especially ... Medical Xpress)-Researchers at the University of Michigan have found a new potential benefit of a molecule in green tea: ...
The advice is based on the findings of a major new study looking at the effects of foods rich in the compound flavonoid, such ... This study found that people who ate more flavonoids, specifically anthocyanins (coming mainly from blueberries and ... The Daily Mirror sensibly pointed out that although flavonoids are found in various types of chocolate and wine, the calories ... Find out how to start losing weight Where did the story come from?. The study was carried out by researchers from the Chan ...
This is a list of 10 nutrients that are not found in animal foods. For optimal health, it is best to include a variety of ... They are found in virtually all plant foods. Many of the benefits of eating fruits and vegetables may be due to their flavonoid ... 2-5: Flavonoids. Flavonoids are the most common group of antioxidants in plants. ... Bottom Line: Plant foods are rich in a diverse group of antioxidants called flavonoids. Common flavonoids include quercetin, ...
Flavonoids are a group of naturally occurring, bioactive compounds found in many plant-based foods and drinks. In this study ... No similar link was found for total flavonoid intake in women.. The research was led by Dr Xiang Gao of Harvard School of ... Men who eat flavonoid-rich foods such as berries, tea, apples and red wine significantly reduce their risk of developing ... "This is the first study in humans to look at the associations between the range of flavonoids in the diet and the risk of ...
11.3.10 Flavonoids and limonin. The flavonoids, narigin and hesperidin, are found mainly in the peel. Hot water or treatment ... Information on GAPs can be found in Sections 4.1 to 4.3.. 11.8 Processing citrus other than oranges. There is a great variety ... These flavonoids are reported to have therapeutic benefits in treating capillary diseases and as anti-carcinogens. ... A complete list of FAO Codex regulations pertaining to fruit and vegetable juice and beverage regulations can be found in FAO, ...
  • Eating a balanced and healthful diet of varied fresh whole plant foods will undoubtedly introduce a wide range of flavonoids into the body. (defeatdiabetes.org)
  • Flavonoids are a large class of plant phytonutrients that allow plants to perform several key functions, such as photosynthesis and water absorption, and give plants their signature colors. (organicfacts.net)
  • We know these kind of lifestyle changes can be very challenging, so encouraging flavonoid consumption might be a novel way to alleviate the increased risk, while also encouraging people to quit smoking and reduce their alcohol intake. (nutritional-facts.com)
  • Flavonoids, Inflammation and Cancer presents an in-depth analysis of the mechanisms by which flavonoids are thought to prevent inflammation and the development of GI and steroid-responsive cancers. (google.com)
  • The FDA has granted Orphan Drug status to a synthetic cannabis flavonoid, derived from a rare strain of Jamaican ganja, that can help treat pancreatic cancer. (merryjane.com)
  • The federal government has granted approval to a new series of clinical trials that will evaluate whether a cannabis flavonoid derived from a rare Jamaican strain of weed can help fight pancreatic cancer . (merryjane.com)
  • But last summer, a study published in the Frontiers in Oncology journal reported that cannflavin B - a flavonoid, not a cannabinoid - can help kill pancreatic cancer cells. (merryjane.com)
  • In this study, researchers found that cannflavin B can cause cancer cells to essentially commit suicide, while also enhancing the effectiveness of standard chemotherapy and radiation therapies. (merryjane.com)
  • Although the company is working to create a synthetic cannabis-derivative, the initial discovery of this cancer-fighting flavonoid came from a unique strain of Jamaican ganja. (merryjane.com)
  • The study found a curious association between gum disease and cancer risk. (curiouscascade.com)
  • The urgency to overcome the biophysical and biomedical drawbacks of current chemotherapeutic treatments led the scientists to consider flavonoid metal complexes as viable options in cancer therapy. (intechopen.com)
  • In this chapter, we have analyzed relevant data available in literature on the antitumor activity of the flavonoid‐metal ion complexes, regarding their cellular targets, their role in cancer cell death, growth and proliferation, and structure‐activity analysis. (intechopen.com)
  • Epicatechin gallate (ECG) is one of the flavonoids in green tea, which has been demonstrated to have cancer-preventive properties in many model systems. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Cocoa, the main ingredient of chocolate, provides an impressive amount of antioxidant flavonoids, which fight heart disease and cancer. (susansmithjones.com)
  • A recent preliminary study published in Cancer Letter found that they prevented the growth of colon cancer cells. (susansmithjones.com)
  • Participants consuming about 500mg of total flavonoids each day had the lowest risk of a cancer or heart disease-related death. (nutritional-facts.com)
  • Flavonoids have been shown to be anti-inflammatory and improve blood vessel function, which may explain why they are associated with a lower risk of death from heart disease and cancer. (nutritional-facts.com)
  • Flavonoid intake is associated with lower mortality in the Danish Diet Cancer and Health Cohort' was published today (13 August) in Nature Communications . (nutritional-facts.com)
  • Studies on animals have found apigenin to have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, bone-healing , and cancer-fighting properties. (weedmaps.com)
  • Another flavonoid with antioxidant and cancer-fighting properties. (weedmaps.com)
  • They took white blood cells from healthy individuals and colon cancer patients, and exposed them to increasing doses of two cooked meat carcinogens: IQ (found mostly in fried bacon and baked fish), and PhIP (found mostly in fried bacon, fish, and chicken). (nutritionfacts.org)
  • Either way, cancer patients experience "less reduction of induced DNA damage"-suggesting that "higher concentration of flavonoids would be required to achieve [the same] protective effect. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • This powerful flavonoid induces cell senescence in cancer cells, inhibiting their rapid proliferation. (anticancer.news)
  • A study published in the Journal of Asian Natural Products Research found that this flavonoid can protect the heart from damage caused by chemotherapy, making it a potentially effective means to counter the side effects that cancer patients experience from chemo treatment . (heart.news)
  • Led by Professor Aedin Cassidy from the University of East Anglia, UK, the study of almost 2,000 people also linked flavonoid consumption with lower inflammation which, when chronic, is associated with diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • According to Bondonno and her team's study, volunteers who consumed at least 500 mg of total flavonoids daily had the lowest risk of cancer or heart disease-related deaths. (heartdisease.news)
  • This may be the reason why flavonoid consumption is linked to a lower risk of death from heart disease and cancer. (heartdisease.news)
  • Flavonoids may potentially reduce the risk of cancer and neurological diseases. (organicfacts.net)
  • In it, flavonoid dietary intake was measured across seven different countries, and was found to make as much as a 25% difference in mortality rates due to cardiovascular disease and cancer. (organicfacts.net)
  • Both in vitro and in vivo studies report that flavonoids and their metal ion complexes exert pleiotropic effects on tumor promotion and progression. (intechopen.com)
  • Synthesis of novel flavonoid alkaloids as α-glucosidase inhibitors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cells were exposed to ECG ± various transport inhibitors and incubated at 37°C. Absorbed flavonoids were extracted and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography. (aspetjournals.org)
  • The analysis of the position of this phenyl ring not only explains the great differences of kinase inhibition among the flavonoid inhibitors but also explains the specificity of L868276 to inhibit CDK2 and CDC2. (pnas.org)