Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the eye.
Chronic inflammation and granuloma formation around irritating foreign bodies.
Histiocytic, inflammatory response to a foreign body. It consists of modified macrophages with multinucleated giant cells, in this case foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN-BODY), usually surrounded by lymphocytes.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
Multinucleated cells (fused macrophages), characteristic of granulomatous inflammation, which form around exogenous material in the skin. They are similar in appearance to Langhans giant cells (GIANT CELLS, LANGHANS), but foreign-body giant cells have more abundant chromatin and their nuclei are scattered in an irregular pattern in the cytoplasm.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Inhaling liquid or solids, such as stomach contents, into the RESPIRATORY TRACT. When this causes severe lung damage, it is called ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Gauze material used to absorb body fluids during surgery. Referred to as GOSSYPIBOMA if accidentally retained in the body following surgery.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
Radiography of the bronchial tree after injection of a contrast medium.
The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
The act of BREATHING in.
Head injuries which feature compromise of the skull and dura mater. These may result from gunshot wounds (WOUNDS, GUNSHOT), stab wounds (WOUNDS, STAB), and other forms of trauma.
Endoscopes for the visualization of the interior of the bronchi.
Sexual stimulation or gratification of the self.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the esophagus.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
The air space located in the body of the MAXILLARY BONE near each cheek. Each maxillary sinus communicates with the middle passage (meatus) of the NASAL CAVITY on the same side.
An opening or hole in the ESOPHAGUS that is caused by TRAUMA, injury, or pathological process.
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of iron in the mining dust or welding fumes.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
Surgical incision or puncture into a URINARY BLADDER. Cystotomy may be used to remove URINARY CALCULI, or to perform tissue repair and reconstruction.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.
Artificial substitutes for body parts and materials inserted into organisms during experimental studies.
Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.
Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.
Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE known for its sour fruit.
Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.
Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.

Inflammatory cell-mediated tumour progression and minisatellite mutation correlate with the decrease of antioxidative enzymes in murine fibrosarcoma cells. (1/936)

We isolated six clones of weakly tumorigenic fibrosarcoma (QR) from the tumorigenic clone BMT-11 cl-9. The QR clones were unable to grow in normal C57BL/6 mice when injected s.c. (1x10(5) cells). However, they formed aggressive tumours upon co-implantation with a 'foreign body', i.e. a gelatin sponge, and the rate of tumour take ranged from 8% to 58% among QR clones. The enhanced tumorigenicity was due to host cell-mediated reaction to the gelatin sponge (inflammation). Immunoblot analysis and enzyme activity assay revealed a significant inverse correlation between the frequencies of tumour formation by QR clones and the levels of manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD, P<0.005) and glutathione peroxidase (GPchi, P<0.01) in the respective tumour clones. Electron spin resonance (ESR) revealed that superoxide-scavenging ability of cell lysates of the QR clone with high level of Mn-SOD was significantly higher than that with low level of the antioxidative enzyme in the presence of potassium cyanide, an inhibitor for copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) (P<0.001). Minisatellite mutation (MSM) induced by the inflammatory cells in tumour cells were investigated by DNA fingerprint analysis after QR clones had been co-cultured with gelatin-sponge-reactive cells. The MSM rate was significantly higher in the subclones with low levels of Mn-SOD and GPchi (P<0.05) than in the subclones with high levels of both enzymes. The MSM of the subclones with low levels of both enzymes was inhibited in the presence of mannitol, a hydroxyl radical scavenger. The content of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) by which the cellular DNA damage caused by active oxygen species can be assessed was significantly low in the tumours arising from the QR clone with high levels of Mn-SOD and GPchi even if the clone had been co-implanted with gelatin sponge, compared with the arising tumour from the QR clone with low levels of those antioxidative enzymes (P<0.001). In contrast, CuZn-SOD and catalase levels in the six QR clones did not have any correlation with tumour progression parameters. These results suggest that tumour progression is accelerated by inflammation-induced active oxygen species particularly accompanied with declined levels of intracellular antioxidative enzymes in tumour cells.  (+info)

Unusual case of foreign body-induced struvite urolithiasis in a dog. (2/936)

A 6-year-old, castrated male dog was presented because of inappropriate urination and hematuria. Radiographs indicated a bladder stone with a sewing needle at its center. The urolith was removed and diagnosed as predominantly struvite, most likely a result of the foreign body and a urinary tract infection.  (+info)

Aspirated foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree: report of 250 cases. (3/936)

During the last 14 years, 250 patients with aspirated foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree were admitted to Kuwait Chest Diseases Hospital. Ninety-six per cent of the cases were under 10 years of age and 38% gave a clear history of foreign body inhalation. The rest were diagnosed either clinically, from the chest radiograph findings or because of unexplained pulmonary symptoms. In 247 cases, bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia was successful in removing the foreign bodies. In only three cases was bronchotomy needed. Seventy per cent of the foreign bodies were melon seeds. Asphyxia and cardiac arrest occurred in four cases during bronchoscopy but the patients were successfully resuscitated. In 10 cases a tracheostomy was done before bronchoscopy and the removal of the foreign body, while in five it was needed after bronchoscopy. Fifteen patients developed late complications such as recurrent pneumonia or atelectasis of the lung. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment are essential to prevent pulmonary and cardiac complications and to avoid radical lung surgery.  (+info)

Metal detector and swallowed metal foreign bodies in children. (4/936)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a metal detector to diagnose swallowed radio-opaque metal foreign bodies (MFBs) in children, and whether they can detect non-radio-opaque MFBs. METHODS: In a prospective study, 231 children, who presented to the accident and emergency department with a history of swallowing MFBs, were evaluated by the metal detector as well as radiography to confirm and locate the presence or absence of MFBs. RESULTS: A definite history of swallowing a MFB by the child was given by 186 (81%) parents. The metal detector located MFBs in 183 children and radiographs confirmed radio-opaque MFBs in 181. In the remaining 45 (19%), when swallowing was suspected and not definite, both metal detector and radiography confirmed the presence of a MFB in only four. CONCLUSION: A high detection rate of swallowed MFBs was observed in this study, using a metal detector. It is also of value to detect non-radio-opaque MFBs like aluminium. The detection of MFBs is high when the history of swallowing is definite.  (+info)

Management of laryngeal foreign bodies in children. (5/936)

Foreign body aspiration is one of the leading causes of accidental death in children. Food items are the most common items aspirated in infants and toddlers, whereas older children are more likely to aspirate non-food items. Laryngeal impaction of a foreign body is very rare as most aspirated foreign bodies pass through the laryngeal inlet and get lodged lower down in the airway. Two rare cases of foreign body aspiration with subglottic impaction in very young children (under 2 years of age) are described. In both the cases subglottic impaction occurred consequent to attempted removal of foreign body by blind finger sweeping. The clinical presentation, investigations, and management of these rare cases are discussed.  (+info)

Transorbital-transpetrosal penetrating cerebellar injury--case report. (6/936)

A 4-year-old boy presented with a transorbital-transpetrosal penetrating head injury after a butter knife had penetrated the left orbit. The knife tip reached the posterior fossa after penetrating the petrous bone. Wide craniotomy and the pterional, subtemporal, and lateral suboccipital approaches were performed for safe removal of the object. The patient was discharged with left-sided blindness, complete left ophthalmoplegia, and hypesthesia of the left face. Early angiography is recommended to identify vascular injury which could result in fatal intracranial hemorrhage.  (+info)

Magnetic measurements of pulmonary contamination. (7/936)

The magnitic determination of pulmonary contamination is based on the remanent magnetization of ferromagnetic contaminating particles. The remanent field of the externally magnetized particles is proportional to their amount and shows their distribution. Although only magnetizable particles are detected with this method, the amount of the inhaled ferromagnetic substance can be used when the total dust exposure of the worker is estimated. In this work five shipyard welders were studied. First the particles disposed to the lungs were externally magnetized and then their distribution was mapped with a sensitive magnetometer. The magnitudes of the remanent fields measured from the welders differed from the fields measured from controls by several orders of magnitude. The radiographic findings showed a good correlation with the magnetic measurements, and further experiments will prove whether this method can partly replace presently used radiological investigations.  (+info)

Migration of the abdominal catheter of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt into the scrotum--case report. (8/936)

A 3-day-old male neonate presented with migration of the ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt tip through the patent processus vaginalis resulting in scrotal hydrocele. The association of myelomeningocele with hydrocephalus may have been a predisposing factor in this rare complication. Development of scrotal swelling or hydrocele in a child with VP shunt should be recognized as a possible shunt complication.  (+info)

"Foreign bodies" refer to any object or substance that is not normally present in a particular location within the body. These can range from relatively harmless items such as splinters or pieces of food in the skin or gastrointestinal tract, to more serious objects like bullets or sharp instruments that can cause significant damage and infection.

Foreign bodies can enter the body through various routes, including ingestion, inhalation, injection, or penetrating trauma. The location of the foreign body will determine the potential for harm and the necessary treatment. Some foreign bodies may pass through the body without causing harm, while others may require medical intervention such as removal or surgical extraction.

It is important to seek medical attention if a foreign body is suspected, as untreated foreign bodies can lead to complications such as infection, inflammation, and tissue damage.

Foreign bodies in the eye refer to any object or particle that is not normally present in the eye and becomes lodged in it. These foreign bodies can range from small particles like sand or dust to larger objects such as metal shavings or glass. They can cause irritation, pain, redness, watering, and even vision loss if they are not removed promptly and properly.

The symptoms of an eye foreign body may include:

* A feeling that something is in the eye
* Pain or discomfort in the eye
* Redness or inflammation of the eye
* Watering or tearing of the eye
* Sensitivity to light
* Blurred vision or difficulty seeing

If you suspect that you have a foreign body in your eye, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. An eye care professional can examine your eye and determine the best course of treatment to remove the foreign body and prevent any further damage to your eye.

A foreign-body reaction is an immune response that occurs when a non-native substance, or "foreign body," is introduced into the human body. This can include things like splinters, surgical implants, or even injected medications. The immune system recognizes these substances as foreign and mounts a response to try to eliminate them.

The initial response to a foreign body is often an acute inflammatory reaction, characterized by the release of chemical mediators that cause vasodilation, increased blood flow, and the migration of white blood cells to the site. This can result in symptoms such as redness, swelling, warmth, and pain.

If the foreign body is not eliminated, a chronic inflammatory response may develop, which can lead to the formation of granulation tissue, fibrosis, and encapsulation of the foreign body. In some cases, this reaction can cause significant tissue damage or impede proper healing.

It's worth noting that not all foreign bodies necessarily elicit a strong immune response. The nature and size of the foreign body, as well as its location in the body, can all influence the severity of the reaction.

A granuloma is a type of organized immune response that occurs when the body encounters a foreign substance that it cannot eliminate. A "foreign-body" granuloma specifically refers to this reaction in response to an exogenous material, such as a splinter, suture, or other types of medical implants.

Foreign-body granulomas are characterized by the formation of a collection of immune cells, including macrophages and lymphocytes, which surround and attempt to isolate the foreign material. Over time, this collection of immune cells can become walled off and form a well-circumscribed mass or nodule.

Foreign-body granulomas may cause localized symptoms such as pain, swelling, or inflammation, depending on their location and size. In some cases, they may also lead to complications such as infection or tissue damage. Treatment typically involves removing the foreign body, if possible, followed by anti-inflammatory therapy to manage any residual symptoms or complications.

Penetrating eye injuries are a type of ocular trauma where a foreign object or substance pierces the outer layers of the eye and damages the internal structures. This can result in serious harm to various parts of the eye, such as the cornea, iris, lens, or retina, and may potentially cause vision loss or blindness if not promptly treated.

The severity of a penetrating eye injury depends on several factors, including the type and size of the object that caused the injury, the location of the wound, and the extent of damage to the internal structures. Common causes of penetrating eye injuries include sharp objects, such as metal shards or glass fragments, projectiles, such as pellets or bullets, and explosive materials.

Symptoms of a penetrating eye injury may include pain, redness, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, floaters, or the presence of a foreign body in the eye. If you suspect that you have sustained a penetrating eye injury, it is essential to seek immediate medical attention from an ophthalmologist or other healthcare professional with experience in treating eye trauma.

Treatment for penetrating eye injuries may include removing any foreign objects or substances from the eye, repairing damaged tissues, and administering medications to prevent infection and reduce inflammation. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the injury and restore vision. Preventing eye injuries is crucial, and appropriate protective eyewear should be worn when engaging in activities that pose a risk of eye trauma.

Giant cells, foreign-body, are a type of large multinucleated immune cell that forms in response to the presence of a foreign material or object in the body. These cells are formed when several individual immune cells, such as macrophages, fuse together around the foreign material in an attempt to engulf and destroy it. The resulting giant cell is characterized by its large size and the presence of multiple nuclei. Foreign-body giant cells are commonly seen in chronic inflammatory reactions to materials such as surgical implants, sutures, or other types of foreign bodies that cannot be eliminated by the immune system.

Foreign-body migration is a medical condition that occurs when a foreign object, such as a surgical implant, tissue graft, or trauma-induced fragment, moves from its original position within the body to a different location. This displacement can cause various complications and symptoms depending on the type of foreign body, the location it migrated to, and the individual's specific physiological response.

Foreign-body migration may result from insufficient fixation or anchoring of the object during implantation, inadequate wound healing, infection, or an inflammatory reaction. Symptoms can include pain, swelling, redness, or infection at the new location, as well as potential damage to surrounding tissues and organs. Diagnosis typically involves imaging techniques like X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs to locate the foreign body, followed by a surgical procedure to remove it and address any resulting complications.

Penetrating wounds are a type of traumatic injury that occurs when an object pierces through the skin and underlying tissues, creating a hole or cavity in the body. These wounds can vary in severity, depending on the size and shape of the object, as well as the location and depth of the wound.

Penetrating wounds are typically caused by sharp objects such as knives, bullets, or glass. They can damage internal organs, blood vessels, nerves, and bones, leading to serious complications such as bleeding, infection, organ failure, and even death if not treated promptly and properly.

The management of penetrating wounds involves a thorough assessment of the wound and surrounding tissues, as well as the identification and treatment of any associated injuries or complications. This may include wound cleaning and closure, antibiotics to prevent infection, pain management, and surgery to repair damaged structures. In some cases, hospitalization and close monitoring may be necessary to ensure proper healing and recovery.

Respiratory aspiration is defined as the entry of foreign materials (such as food, liquids, or vomit) into the lower respiratory tract during swallowing, which includes the trachea and lungs. This can lead to respiratory complications such as pneumonia, bronchitis, or lung abscesses. Aspiration can occur in individuals with impaired swallowing function due to various conditions like neurological disorders, stroke, or anesthesia.

In medical terms, the orbit refers to the bony cavity or socket in the skull that contains and protects the eye (eyeball) and its associated structures, including muscles, nerves, blood vessels, fat, and the lacrimal gland. The orbit is made up of several bones: the frontal bone, sphenoid bone, zygomatic bone, maxilla bone, and palatine bone. These bones form a pyramid-like shape that provides protection for the eye while also allowing for a range of movements.

Bronchoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the examination of the inside of the airways and lungs with a flexible or rigid tube called a bronchoscope. This procedure allows healthcare professionals to directly visualize the airways, take tissue samples for biopsy, and remove foreign objects or secretions. Bronchoscopy can be used to diagnose and manage various respiratory conditions such as lung infections, inflammation, cancer, and bleeding. It is usually performed under local or general anesthesia to minimize discomfort and risks associated with the procedure.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "numismatics" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Numismatics is the study or collection of coins, tokens, and currency, including their history, design, and cultural significance. It is not a medical concept or diagnosis. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, I would be happy to try to help with those instead!

Surgical sponges are absorbent, sterile materials used in medical procedures to soak up bodily fluids and help maintain a clean surgical field. They are typically made from gauze material and come in various sizes and shapes to accommodate different surgical needs. Surgical sponges are carefully counted before and after a procedure to ensure that none are accidentally left inside the patient's body.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Wood" is not a medical term. It is a common name for various hard, fibrous tissues that make up the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs, as well as a term used for a wide range of items made from these materials. If you have any medical concerns or questions, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Bronchography is a medical imaging technique that involves the injection of a contrast material into the airways (bronchi) of the lungs, followed by X-ray imaging to produce detailed pictures of the bronchial tree. This diagnostic procedure was commonly used in the past to identify abnormalities such as narrowing, blockages, or inflammation in the airways, but it has largely been replaced by newer, less invasive techniques like computed tomography (CT) scans and bronchoscopy.

The process of bronchography involves the following steps:

1. The patient is sedated or given a local anesthetic to minimize discomfort during the procedure.
2. A radiopaque contrast material is introduced into the bronchi through a catheter that is inserted into the trachea, either via a nostril or through a small incision in the neck.
3. Once the contrast material has been distributed throughout the bronchial tree, X-ray images are taken from various angles to capture detailed views of the airways.
4. The images are then analyzed by a radiologist to identify any abnormalities or irregularities in the structure and function of the bronchi.

Although bronchography is considered a relatively safe procedure, it does carry some risks, including allergic reactions to the contrast material, infection, and bleeding. Additionally, the use of ionizing radiation during X-ray imaging should be carefully weighed against the potential benefits of the procedure.

The esophagus is the muscular tube that connects the throat (pharynx) to the stomach. It is located in the midline of the neck and chest, passing through the diaphragm to enter the abdomen and join the stomach. The main function of the esophagus is to transport food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach for digestion.

The esophagus has a few distinct parts: the upper esophageal sphincter (a ring of muscle that separates the esophagus from the throat), the middle esophagus, and the lower esophageal sphincter (another ring of muscle that separates the esophagus from the stomach). The lower esophageal sphincter relaxes to allow food and liquids to enter the stomach and then contracts to prevent stomach contents from flowing back into the esophagus.

The walls of the esophagus are made up of several layers, including mucosa (a moist tissue that lines the inside of the tube), submucosa (a layer of connective tissue), muscle (both voluntary and involuntary types), and adventitia (an outer layer of connective tissue).

Common conditions affecting the esophagus include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's esophagus, esophageal cancer, esophageal strictures, and eosinophilic esophagitis.

Inhalation is the act or process of breathing in where air or other gases are drawn into the lungs. It's also known as inspiration. This process involves several muscles, including the diaphragm and intercostal muscles between the ribs, working together to expand the chest cavity and decrease the pressure within the thorax, which then causes air to flow into the lungs.

In a medical context, inhalation can also refer to the administration of medications or therapeutic gases through the respiratory tract, typically using an inhaler or nebulizer. This route of administration allows for direct delivery of the medication to the lungs, where it can be quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and exert its effects.

Penetrating head injuries are a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that occurs when an object pierces the skull and enters the brain tissue. This can result in damage to specific areas of the brain, depending on the location and trajectory of the penetrating object. Penetrating head injuries can be caused by various objects, such as bullets, knives, or sharp debris from accidents. They are often severe and require immediate medical attention, as they can lead to significant neurological deficits, disability, or even death.

A bronchoscope is a medical device that is used to examine the airways and lungs. It is a long, thin, flexible tube that is equipped with a light and a camera at its tip. The bronchoscope is inserted through the nose or mouth and down the throat, allowing the doctor to visualize the trachea, bronchi, and smaller branches of the airway system.

Bronchoscopes can be used for diagnostic purposes, such as to take tissue samples (biopsies) or to investigate the cause of symptoms like coughing up blood or difficulty breathing. They can also be used for therapeutic purposes, such as to remove foreign objects from the airways or to place stents to keep them open.

There are several types of bronchoscopes, including flexible bronchoscopes and rigid bronchoscopes. Flexible bronchoscopes are more commonly used because they are less invasive and can be used to examine smaller airways. Rigid bronchoscopes, on the other hand, are larger and stiffer, and are typically used for more complex procedures or in emergency situations.

It is important to note that the use of bronchoscopes requires specialized training and should only be performed by healthcare professionals with the appropriate expertise.

Masturbation is the self-stimulation of the genitals to achieve sexual pleasure or orgasm. It's a normal and healthy sexual behavior that is commonly practiced by people of all ages, gender identities, and sexual orientations. Masturbation is generally considered safe and has few, if any, negative physical side effects.

It's important to note that masturbation is a personal choice, and individuals should feel comfortable and unpressured in their decision to engage in this behavior or not. Some people may choose not to masturbate due to personal, cultural, or religious beliefs, while others may find it to be a valuable way to explore their bodies, learn about their sexual responses, and relieve sexual tension.

If you have any concerns or questions about masturbation, it's always a good idea to speak with a healthcare provider who can provide you with accurate information and address any concerns you may have.

The pharynx is a part of the digestive and respiratory systems that serves as a conduit for food and air. It is a musculo-membranous tube extending from the base of the skull to the level of the sixth cervical vertebra where it becomes continuous with the esophagus.

The pharynx has three regions: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx. The nasopharynx is the uppermost region, which lies above the soft palate and is connected to the nasal cavity. The oropharynx is the middle region, which includes the area between the soft palate and the hyoid bone, including the tonsils and base of the tongue. The laryngopharynx is the lowest region, which lies below the hyoid bone and connects to the larynx.

The primary function of the pharynx is to convey food from the oral cavity to the esophagus during swallowing and to allow air to pass from the nasal cavity to the larynx during breathing. It also plays a role in speech, taste, and immune defense.

Esophagoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the visual examination of the esophagus, which is the tube that connects the throat to the stomach. This procedure is typically carried out using an esophagogastroduodenoscope (EGD), a flexible tube with a camera and light on the end.

During the procedure, the EGD is inserted through the mouth and down the throat into the esophagus, allowing the medical professional to examine its lining for any abnormalities such as inflammation, ulcers, or tumors. The procedure may also involve taking tissue samples (biopsies) for further examination and testing.

Esophagoscopy is commonly used to diagnose and monitor conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's esophagus, esophageal cancer, and other disorders affecting the esophagus. It may also be used to treat certain conditions, such as removing polyps or foreign objects from the esophagus.

Airway obstruction is a medical condition that occurs when the normal flow of air into and out of the lungs is partially or completely blocked. This blockage can be caused by a variety of factors, including swelling of the tissues in the airway, the presence of foreign objects or substances, or abnormal growths such as tumors.

When the airway becomes obstructed, it can make it difficult for a person to breathe normally. They may experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. In severe cases, airway obstruction can lead to respiratory failure and other life-threatening complications.

There are several types of airway obstruction, including:

1. Upper airway obstruction: This occurs when the blockage is located in the upper part of the airway, such as the nose, throat, or voice box.
2. Lower airway obstruction: This occurs when the blockage is located in the lower part of the airway, such as the trachea or bronchi.
3. Partial airway obstruction: This occurs when the airway is partially blocked, allowing some air to flow in and out of the lungs.
4. Complete airway obstruction: This occurs when the airway is completely blocked, preventing any air from flowing into or out of the lungs.

Treatment for airway obstruction depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, removing the obstruction may be as simple as clearing the airway of foreign objects or mucus. In other cases, more invasive treatments such as surgery may be necessary.

The maxillary sinuses, also known as the antrums of Highmore, are the largest of the four pairs of paranasal sinuses located in the maxilla bones. They are air-filled cavities that surround the nasolacrimal duct and are situated superior to the upper teeth and lateral to the nasal cavity. Each maxillary sinus is lined with a mucous membrane, which helps to warm, humidify, and filter the air we breathe. Inflammation or infection of the maxillary sinuses can result in conditions such as sinusitis, leading to symptoms like facial pain, headaches, and nasal congestion.

Esophageal perforation is a medical condition that refers to a hole or tear in the esophagus, which is the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. This condition can occur as a result of various factors such as trauma, forceful vomiting (Boerhaave's syndrome), swallowing sharp objects, or complications from medical procedures like endoscopy.

Esophageal perforation is a serious medical emergency that requires immediate attention and treatment. If left untreated, it can lead to severe complications such as mediastinitis (inflammation of the tissue surrounding the heart), sepsis, and even death. Treatment typically involves surgical repair of the perforation, antibiotics to prevent infection, and supportive care to manage any associated symptoms or complications.

A nose, in a medical context, refers to the external part of the human body that is located on the face and serves as the primary organ for the sense of smell. It is composed of bone and cartilage, with a thin layer of skin covering it. The nose also contains nasal passages that are lined with mucous membranes and tiny hairs known as cilia. These structures help to filter, warm, and moisturize the air we breathe in before it reaches our lungs. Additionally, the nose plays an essential role in the process of verbal communication by shaping the sounds we make when we speak.

Gunshot wounds are defined as traumatic injuries caused by the penetration of bullets or other projectiles fired from firearms into the body. The severity and extent of damage depend on various factors such as the type of firearm used, the distance between the muzzle and the victim, the size and shape of the bullet, and its velocity.

Gunshot wounds can be classified into two main categories:

1. Penetrating gunshot wounds: These occur when a bullet enters the body but does not exit, causing damage to the organs, tissues, and blood vessels along its path.

2. Perforating gunshot wounds: These happen when a bullet enters and exits the body, creating an entry and exit wound, causing damage to the structures it traverses.

Based on the mechanism of injury, gunshot wounds can also be categorized into low-velocity (less than 1000 feet per second) and high-velocity (greater than 1000 feet per second) injuries. High-velocity gunshot wounds are more likely to cause extensive tissue damage due to the transfer of kinetic energy from the bullet to the surrounding tissues.

Immediate medical attention is required for individuals with gunshot wounds, as they may experience significant blood loss, infection, and potential long-term complications such as organ dysfunction or disability. Treatment typically involves surgical intervention to control bleeding, remove foreign material, repair damaged structures, and manage infections if present.

The ear is the sensory organ responsible for hearing and maintaining balance. It can be divided into three parts: the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. The outer ear consists of the pinna (the visible part of the ear) and the external auditory canal, which directs sound waves toward the eardrum. The middle ear contains three small bones called ossicles that transmit sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear. The inner ear contains the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain, and the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance.

Biocompatible materials are non-toxic and non-reacting substances that can be used in medical devices, tissue engineering, and drug delivery systems without causing harm or adverse reactions to living tissues or organs. These materials are designed to mimic the properties of natural tissues and are able to integrate with biological systems without being rejected by the body's immune system.

Biocompatible materials can be made from a variety of substances, including metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites. The specific properties of these materials, such as their mechanical strength, flexibility, and biodegradability, are carefully selected to meet the requirements of their intended medical application.

Examples of biocompatible materials include titanium used in dental implants and joint replacements, polyethylene used in artificial hips, and hydrogels used in contact lenses and drug delivery systems. The use of biocompatible materials has revolutionized modern medicine by enabling the development of advanced medical technologies that can improve patient outcomes and quality of life.

Intestinal perforation is a medical condition that refers to a hole or tear in the lining of the intestine. This can occur anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract, including the small intestine, large intestine (colon), or stomach. Intestinal perforation allows the contents of the intestines, such as digestive enzymes and bacteria, to leak into the abdominal cavity, which can lead to a serious inflammatory response known as peritonitis.

Intestinal perforation can be caused by various factors, including:

* Mechanical trauma (e.g., gunshot wounds, stab wounds)
* Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
* Diverticulitis
* Appendicitis
* Intestinal obstruction
* Infections (e.g., typhoid fever, tuberculosis)
* Certain medications (e.g., nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids)
* Radiation therapy
* Ischemic bowel disease (lack of blood flow to the intestines)

Symptoms of intestinal perforation may include sudden abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, and decreased bowel movements. Treatment typically involves surgery to repair the perforation and remove any damaged tissue. Antibiotics are also administered to prevent infection. In severe cases, a temporary or permanent colostomy or ileostomy may be necessary.

Siderosis is a medical condition characterized by the abnormal accumulation of iron in various tissues and organs, most commonly in the lungs. This occurs due to the repeated inhalation of iron-containing dusts or fumes, which can result from certain industrial processes such as welding, mining, or smelting.

In the lungs, this iron deposit can lead to inflammation and fibrosis, potentially causing symptoms like coughing, shortness of breath, and decreased lung function. It is important to note that siderosis itself is not contagious or cancerous, but there may be an increased risk for lung cancer in individuals with severe and prolonged exposure to iron-containing particles.

While siderosis is generally non-reversible, the progression of symptoms can often be managed through medical interventions and environmental modifications to reduce further exposure to iron-containing dusts or fumes.

"Bronchi" are a pair of airways in the respiratory system that branch off from the trachea (windpipe) and lead to the lungs. They are responsible for delivering oxygen-rich air to the lungs and removing carbon dioxide during exhalation. The right bronchus is slightly larger and more vertical than the left, and they further divide into smaller branches called bronchioles within the lungs. Any abnormalities or diseases affecting the bronchi can impact lung function and overall respiratory health.

The larynx, also known as the voice box, is a complex structure in the neck that plays a crucial role in protection of the lower respiratory tract and in phonation. It is composed of cartilaginous, muscular, and soft tissue structures. The primary functions of the larynx include:

1. Airway protection: During swallowing, the larynx moves upward and forward to close the opening of the trachea (the glottis) and prevent food or liquids from entering the lungs. This action is known as the swallowing reflex.
2. Phonation: The vocal cords within the larynx vibrate when air passes through them, producing sound that forms the basis of human speech and voice production.
3. Respiration: The larynx serves as a conduit for airflow between the upper and lower respiratory tracts during breathing.

The larynx is located at the level of the C3-C6 vertebrae in the neck, just above the trachea. It consists of several important structures:

1. Cartilages: The laryngeal cartilages include the thyroid, cricoid, and arytenoid cartilages, as well as the corniculate and cuneiform cartilages. These form a framework for the larynx and provide attachment points for various muscles.
2. Vocal cords: The vocal cords are thin bands of mucous membrane that stretch across the glottis (the opening between the arytenoid cartilages). They vibrate when air passes through them, producing sound.
3. Muscles: There are several intrinsic and extrinsic muscles associated with the larynx. The intrinsic muscles control the tension and position of the vocal cords, while the extrinsic muscles adjust the position and movement of the larynx within the neck.
4. Nerves: The larynx is innervated by both sensory and motor nerves. The recurrent laryngeal nerve provides motor innervation to all intrinsic laryngeal muscles, except for one muscle called the cricothyroid, which is innervated by the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve. Sensory innervation is provided by the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

The larynx plays a crucial role in several essential functions, including breathing, speaking, and protecting the airway during swallowing. Dysfunction or damage to the larynx can result in various symptoms, such as hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, or stridor (a high-pitched sound heard during inspiration).

Cystotomy is a surgical procedure that involves making an incision into the urinary bladder. This type of surgery may be performed for various reasons, such as to remove bladder stones, to take a biopsy of the bladder tissue, or to repair damage to the bladder.

During a cystotomy, a veterinarian or surgeon makes an incision in the bladder and then carefully inspects the interior of the organ. Any abnormalities, such as bladder stones or tumors, can be removed during the procedure. The incision is then closed with sutures or staples.

Cystotomy is typically performed under general anesthesia, and patients will need to recover in a veterinary hospital or surgical center for several days following the procedure. During recovery, they may require pain medication and antibiotics to prevent infection. It's important to follow all post-operative instructions carefully to ensure proper healing.

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the use of an endoscope, which is a flexible tube with a light and camera at the end, to examine the interior of a body cavity or organ. The endoscope is inserted through a natural opening in the body, such as the mouth or anus, or through a small incision. The images captured by the camera are transmitted to a monitor, allowing the physician to visualize the internal structures and detect any abnormalities, such as inflammation, ulcers, or tumors. Endoscopy can also be used for diagnostic purposes, such as taking tissue samples for biopsy, or for therapeutic purposes, such as removing polyps or performing minimally invasive surgeries.

X-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a medical imaging method that uses computer-processed combinations of many X-ray images taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of the body. These cross-sectional images can then be used to display detailed internal views of organs, bones, and soft tissues in the body.

The term "computed tomography" is used instead of "CT scan" or "CAT scan" because the machines take a series of X-ray measurements from different angles around the body and then use a computer to process these data to create detailed images of internal structures within the body.

CT scanning is a noninvasive, painless medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. CT imaging provides detailed information about many types of tissue including lung, bone, soft tissue and blood vessels. CT examinations can be performed on every part of the body for a variety of reasons including diagnosis, surgical planning, and monitoring of therapeutic responses.

In computed tomography (CT), an X-ray source and detector rotate around the patient, measuring the X-ray attenuation at many different angles. A computer uses this data to construct a cross-sectional image by the process of reconstruction. This technique is called "tomography". The term "computed" refers to the use of a computer to reconstruct the images.

CT has become an important tool in medical imaging and diagnosis, allowing radiologists and other physicians to view detailed internal images of the body. It can help identify many different medical conditions including cancer, heart disease, lung nodules, liver tumors, and internal injuries from trauma. CT is also commonly used for guiding biopsies and other minimally invasive procedures.

In summary, X-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a medical imaging technique that uses computer-processed combinations of many X-ray images taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional images of the body. It provides detailed internal views of organs, bones, and soft tissues in the body, allowing physicians to diagnose and treat medical conditions.

In the context of medicine, "needles" are thin, sharp, and typically hollow instruments used in various medical procedures to introduce or remove fluids from the body, administer medications, or perform diagnostic tests. They consist of a small-gauge metal tube with a sharp point on one end and a hub on the other, where a syringe is attached.

There are different types of needles, including:

1. Hypodermic needles: These are used for injections, such as intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (SC), or intravenous (IV) injections, to deliver medications directly into the body. They come in various sizes and lengths depending on the type of injection and the patient's age and weight.
2. Blood collection needles: These are used for drawing blood samples for diagnostic tests. They have a special vacuum-assisted design that allows them to easily penetrate veins and collect the required amount of blood.
3. Surgical needles: These are used in surgeries for suturing (stitching) wounds or tissues together. They are typically curved and made from stainless steel, with a triangular or reverse cutting point to facilitate easy penetration through tissues.
4. Acupuncture needles: These are thin, solid needles used in traditional Chinese medicine for acupuncture therapy. They are inserted into specific points on the body to stimulate energy flow and promote healing.

It is essential to follow proper infection control procedures when handling and disposing of needles to prevent the spread of bloodborne pathogens and infectious diseases.

Silicones are not a medical term, but they are commonly used in the medical field, particularly in medical devices and healthcare products. Silicones are synthetic polymers made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a chain of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms. They can exist in various forms such as oils, gels, rubbers, and resins.

In the medical context, silicones are often used for their unique properties, including:

1. Biocompatibility - Silicones have a low risk of causing an adverse reaction when they come into contact with living tissue.
2. Inertness - They do not react chemically with other substances, making them suitable for use in medical devices that need to remain stable over time.
3. Temperature resistance - Silicones can maintain their flexibility and elasticity even under extreme temperature conditions.
4. Gas permeability - Some silicone materials allow gases like oxygen and water vapor to pass through, which is useful in applications where maintaining a moist environment is essential.
5. Durability - Silicones have excellent resistance to aging, weathering, and environmental factors, ensuring long-lasting performance.

Examples of medical applications for silicones include:

1. Breast implants
2. Contact lenses
3. Catheters
4. Artificial joints and tendons
5. Bandages and wound dressings
6. Drug delivery systems
7. Medical adhesives
8. Infant care products (nipples, pacifiers)

Eye injuries refer to any damage or trauma caused to the eye or its surrounding structures. These injuries can vary in severity and may include:

1. Corneal abrasions: A scratch or scrape on the clear surface of the eye (cornea).
2. Chemical burns: Occurs when chemicals come into contact with the eye, causing damage to the cornea and other structures.
3. Eyelid lacerations: Cuts or tears to the eyelid.
4. Subconjunctival hemorrhage: Bleeding under the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye.
5. Hyphema: Accumulation of blood in the anterior chamber of the eye, which is the space between the cornea and iris.
6. Orbital fractures: Breaks in the bones surrounding the eye.
7. Retinal detachment: Separation of the retina from its underlying tissue, which can lead to vision loss if not treated promptly.
8. Traumatic uveitis: Inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye, caused by trauma.
9. Optic nerve damage: Damage to the optic nerve, which transmits visual information from the eye to the brain.

Eye injuries can result from a variety of causes, including accidents, sports-related injuries, violence, and chemical exposure. It is important to seek medical attention promptly for any suspected eye injury to prevent further damage and potential vision loss.

Deglutition is the medical term for swallowing. It refers to the process by which food or liquid is transferred from the mouth to the stomach through a series of coordinated muscle movements and neural responses. The deglutition process involves several stages, including oral preparatory, oral transit, pharyngeal, and esophageal phases, each of which plays a critical role in ensuring safe and efficient swallowing.

Dysphagia is the medical term for difficulty with swallowing, which can result from various underlying conditions such as neurological disorders, structural abnormalities, or muscular weakness. Proper evaluation and management of deglutition disorders are essential to prevent complications such as aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, and dehydration.

Experimental implants refer to medical devices that are not yet approved by regulatory authorities for general use in medical practice. These are typically being tested in clinical trials to evaluate their safety and efficacy. The purpose of experimental implants is to determine whether they can be used as a viable treatment option for various medical conditions. They may include, but are not limited to, devices such as artificial joints, heart valves, or spinal cord stimulators that are still in the developmental or testing stage. Participation in clinical trials involving experimental implants is voluntary and usually requires informed consent from the patient.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Glass" is not a medical term. Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has various uses in everyday life, including medical devices and equipment. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or concepts, please provide them, and I'll be happy to help.

Cosmetic techniques refer to medical or surgical procedures that are performed with the primary goal of improving the appearance or aesthetics of an individual. These techniques can be non-invasive, minimally invasive, or surgical in nature and may involve various treatments such as:

1. Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections: used to reduce wrinkles and fine lines by temporarily paralyzing the underlying muscles.
2. Dermal fillers: injected beneath the skin to add volume, smooth out wrinkles, and enhance facial features.
3. Chemical peels: a chemical solution is applied to the skin to remove damaged outer layers, revealing smoother, more even-toned skin.
4. Microdermabrasion: a minimally abrasive procedure that uses fine crystals or diamond tips to exfoliate and remove dead skin cells, resulting in a refreshed appearance.
5. Laser resurfacing: using laser technology to improve the texture, tone, and overall appearance of the skin by removing damaged layers and stimulating collagen production.
6. Micro-needling: a minimally invasive treatment that involves puncturing the skin with fine needles to promote collagen production and skin rejuvenation.
7. Facelift surgery (rhytidectomy): a surgical procedure that tightens loose or sagging skin on the face and neck, restoring a more youthful appearance.
8. Blepharoplasty: cosmetic eyelid surgery that removes excess fat, muscle, and skin from the upper and/or lower eyelids to improve the appearance of tired or aging eyes.
9. Rhinoplasty: nose reshaping surgery that can correct various aesthetic concerns such as a bulbous tip, crooked bridge, or wide nostrils.
10. Breast augmentation: surgical enhancement of the breasts using implants or fat transfer to increase size, improve symmetry, or restore volume lost due to aging, pregnancy, or weight loss.
11. Liposuction: a surgical procedure that removes excess fat from various areas of the body, such as the abdomen, hips, thighs, and arms, to contour and shape the body.

These cosmetic techniques aim to enhance an individual's appearance, boost self-confidence, and help them feel more comfortable in their own skin.

A bezoar is a mass trapped in the gastrointestinal tract, typically in the stomach, that is composed of indigestible materials such as hair, fibers, or food particles. Bezoars can cause various symptoms including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and obstruction. They are more commonly found in people with certain conditions such as diabetes, mental health disorders, or those who have had gastric surgery. Treatment may involve medication or endoscopic removal of the bezoar.

Cystoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the insertion of a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light on the end (cystoscope) into the bladder through the urethra. This procedure allows healthcare professionals to examine the lining of the bladder and urethra for any abnormalities such as inflammation, tumors, or stones. Cystoscopy can be used for diagnostic purposes, as well as for therapeutic interventions like removing small bladder tumors or performing biopsies. It is typically performed under local or general anesthesia to minimize discomfort and pain.

In the context of medicine, there is no specific medical definition for 'metals.' However, certain metals have significant roles in biological systems and are thus studied in physiology, pathology, and pharmacology. Some metals are essential to life, serving as cofactors for enzymatic reactions, while others are toxic and can cause harm at certain levels.

Examples of essential metals include:

1. Iron (Fe): It is a crucial component of hemoglobin, myoglobin, and various enzymes involved in energy production, DNA synthesis, and electron transport.
2. Zinc (Zn): This metal is vital for immune function, wound healing, protein synthesis, and DNA synthesis. It acts as a cofactor for over 300 enzymes.
3. Copper (Cu): Copper is essential for energy production, iron metabolism, antioxidant defense, and connective tissue formation. It serves as a cofactor for several enzymes.
4. Magnesium (Mg): Magnesium plays a crucial role in many biochemical reactions, including nerve and muscle function, protein synthesis, and blood pressure regulation.
5. Manganese (Mn): This metal is necessary for bone development, protein metabolism, and antioxidant defense. It acts as a cofactor for several enzymes.
6. Molybdenum (Mo): Molybdenum is essential for the function of certain enzymes involved in the metabolism of nucleic acids, proteins, and drugs.
7. Cobalt (Co): Cobalt is a component of vitamin B12, which plays a vital role in DNA synthesis, fatty acid metabolism, and nerve function.

Examples of toxic metals include:

1. Lead (Pb): Exposure to lead can cause neurological damage, anemia, kidney dysfunction, and developmental issues.
2. Mercury (Hg): Mercury is highly toxic and can cause neurological problems, kidney damage, and developmental issues.
3. Arsenic (As): Arsenic exposure can lead to skin lesions, cancer, neurological disorders, and cardiovascular diseases.
4. Cadmium (Cd): Cadmium is toxic and can cause kidney damage, bone demineralization, and lung irritation.
5. Chromium (Cr): Excessive exposure to chromium can lead to skin ulcers, respiratory issues, and kidney and liver damage.

The hypopharynx is the lower part of the pharynx, which is the muscular tube that extends from the back of the nasal cavity and mouth to the esophagus and trachea. The hypopharynx lies posterior to the larynx and is divided into three regions: the pyriform (or piriform) sinuses, the postcricoid area, and the posterior pharyngeal wall. It serves as a passageway for both food and air, and any abnormalities or diseases in this region can lead to swallowing difficulties, aspiration, and other serious medical conditions.

Soft tissue injuries refer to damages that occur in the body's connective tissues, such as ligaments, tendons, and muscles. These injuries can be caused by various events, including accidents, falls, or sports-related impacts. Common soft tissue injuries include sprains, strains, and contusions (bruises).

Sprains occur when the ligaments, which connect bones to each other, are stretched or torn. This usually happens in the joints like ankles, knees, or wrists. Strains, on the other hand, involve injuries to the muscles or tendons, often resulting from overuse or sudden excessive force. Contusions occur when blood vessels within the soft tissues get damaged due to a direct blow or impact, causing bleeding and subsequent bruising in the affected area.

Soft tissue injuries can cause pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited mobility. In some cases, these injuries may require medical treatment, including physical therapy, medication, or even surgery, depending on their severity and location. It is essential to seek proper medical attention for soft tissue injuries to ensure appropriate healing and prevent long-term complications or chronic pain.

"Plastics" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in a broader context, plastics can refer to a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic materials that are used in various medical applications due to their durability, flexibility, and ability to be molded into different shapes. Some examples include:

1. Medical devices such as catheters, implants, and surgical instruments.
2. Packaging for medical supplies and pharmaceuticals.
3. Protective barriers like gloves and gowns used in medical settings.
4. Intraocular lenses and other ophthalmic applications.

It's important to note that the term "plastics" is not a medical term per se, but rather a general category of materials with diverse uses across different industries, including healthcare.

The sigmoid colon is a part of the large intestine that forms an "S"-shaped curve before it joins the rectum. It gets its name from its unique shape, which resembles the Greek letter sigma (σ). The main function of the sigmoid colon is to store stool temporarily and assist in the absorption of water and electrolytes from digestive waste before it is eliminated from the body.

Otolaryngology is a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, management, and treatment of disorders related to the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and head and neck region. It's also known as ENT (Ear, Nose, Throat) specialty. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management of conditions such as hearing and balance disorders, nasal congestion, sinusitis, allergies, sleep apnea, snoring, swallowing difficulties, voice and speech problems, and head and neck tumors.

"Tamarindus" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, it is the genus name for the tamarind tree, which is scientifically known as "Tamarindus indica." The tamarind tree produces fruit that contains seeds surrounded by an edible pulp. This pulp is used in various culinary applications and also has traditional medicinal uses.

In traditional medicine, tamarind is used to treat conditions such as diarrhea, constipation, and inflammation. Some studies suggest that tamarind extract may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. However, more research is needed to confirm these potential health benefits and to determine the appropriate dosages and safety precautions for using tamarind as a medicine.

Blast injuries are traumas that result from the exposure to blast overpressure waves, typically generated by explosions. These injuries can be categorized into primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary blast injuries.

1. Primary Blast Injuries: These occur due to the direct effect of the blast wave on the body, which can cause barotrauma to organs with air-filled spaces such as the lungs, middle ear, and gastrointestinal tract. This can lead to conditions like pulmonary contusion, traumatic rupture of the eardrums, or bowel perforation.

2. Secondary Blast Injuries: These result from flying debris or objects that become projectiles due to the blast, which can cause penetrating trauma or blunt force injuries.

3. Tertiary Blast Injuries: These occur when individuals are thrown by the blast wind against solid structures or the ground, resulting in blunt force trauma, fractures, and head injuries.

4. Quaternary Blast Injuries: This category includes all other injuries or illnesses that are not classified under primary, secondary, or tertiary blast injuries. These may include burns, crush injuries, inhalation of toxic fumes, or psychological trauma.

It is important to note that blast injuries can be complex and often involve a combination of these categories, requiring comprehensive medical evaluation and management.

A granuloma is a small, nodular inflammatory lesion that occurs in various tissues in response to chronic infection, foreign body reaction, or autoimmune conditions. Histologically, it is characterized by the presence of epithelioid macrophages, which are specialized immune cells with enlarged nuclei and abundant cytoplasm, often arranged in a palisading pattern around a central area containing necrotic debris, microorganisms, or foreign material.

Granulomas can be found in various medical conditions such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, fungal infections, and certain autoimmune disorders like Crohn's disease. The formation of granulomas is a complex process involving both innate and adaptive immune responses, which aim to contain and eliminate the offending agent while minimizing tissue damage.

An abscess is a localized collection of pus caused by an infection. It is typically characterized by inflammation, redness, warmth, pain, and swelling in the affected area. Abscesses can form in various parts of the body, including the skin, teeth, lungs, brain, and abdominal organs. They are usually treated with antibiotics to eliminate the infection and may require drainage if they are large or located in a critical area. If left untreated, an abscess can lead to serious complications such as sepsis or organ failure.

"Device Removal" in a medical context generally refers to the surgical or nonsurgical removal of a medical device that has been previously implanted in a patient's body. The purpose of removing the device may vary, depending on the individual case. Some common reasons for device removal include infection, malfunction, rejection, or when the device is no longer needed.

Examples of medical devices that may require removal include pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), artificial joints, orthopedic hardware, breast implants, cochlear implants, and intrauterine devices (IUDs). The procedure for device removal will depend on the type of device, its location in the body, and the reason for its removal.

It is important to note that device removal carries certain risks, such as bleeding, infection, damage to surrounding tissues, or complications related to anesthesia. Therefore, the decision to remove a medical device should be made carefully, considering both the potential benefits and risks of the procedure.

Prostheses: Artificial substitutes or replacements for missing body parts, such as limbs, eyes, or teeth. They are designed to restore the function, appearance, or mobility of the lost part. Prosthetic devices can be categorized into several types, including:

1. External prostheses: Devices that are attached to the outside of the body, like artificial arms, legs, hands, and feet. These may be further classified into:
a. Cosmetic or aesthetic prostheses: Primarily designed to improve the appearance of the affected area.
b. Functional prostheses: Designed to help restore the functionality and mobility of the lost limb.
2. Internal prostheses: Implanted artificial parts that replace missing internal organs, bones, or tissues, such as heart valves, hip joints, or intraocular lenses.

Implants: Medical devices or substances that are intentionally placed inside the body to replace or support a missing or damaged biological structure, deliver medication, monitor physiological functions, or enhance bodily functions. Examples of implants include:

1. Orthopedic implants: Devices used to replace or reinforce damaged bones, joints, or cartilage, such as knee or hip replacements.
2. Cardiovascular implants: Devices that help support or regulate heart function, like pacemakers, defibrillators, and artificial heart valves.
3. Dental implants: Artificial tooth roots that are placed into the jawbone to support dental prostheses, such as crowns, bridges, or dentures.
4. Neurological implants: Devices used to stimulate nerves, brain structures, or spinal cord tissues to treat various neurological conditions, like deep brain stimulators for Parkinson's disease or cochlear implants for hearing loss.
5. Ophthalmic implants: Artificial lenses that are placed inside the eye to replace a damaged or removed natural lens, such as intraocular lenses used in cataract surgery.

... has a duration of roughly 20 minutes and is composed in three movements: Body Language Language Dance The work ... Foreign Bodies is an orchestral composition in three movements by the Finnish composer Esa-Pekka Salonen. The work was ... Arnold Whittall of Gramophone was more critical of the work, however, writing: Foreign Bodies, with its governing image of ... Salonen, Esa-Pekka (2001). Foreign Bodies: Program Note. Retrieved August 9, 2015. Ross, Alex (May 7, 2007). "The Essential ...
Treatment of a foreign body is determined by its severity. The amount of time a foreign body is present, location of the object ... Linear foreign bodies can especially be dangerous. A linear foreign body is usually a length of string or yarn with a larger ... Sometimes the linear foreign body anchors in the mouth by catching under the tongue. Pantyhose is a common linear foreign body ... Foreign bodies in the eye affect about 2 per 1,000 people per year. Splinters are common foreign bodies in skin. Staphylococcus ...
20% of foreign bodies become lodged in the upper airway, while 80% become lodged in a bronchus. Signs of foreign body ... Foreign body aspiration occurs when a foreign body enters the airway which can cause difficulty breathing or choking. Objects ... Signs and symptoms of foreign body aspiration vary based on the site of obstruction, the size of the foreign body, and the ... In complete obstruction, acute intervention is required to remove the foreign body. If foreign body aspiration is suspected, ...
The terms foreign body, foreign bodies, or foreign object may also refer to: Foreign Body (1986 film), a 1986 film directed by ... a novel by Barbara Grizzuti Harrison Foreign Bodies, a novel by Cynthia Ozick Foreign Bodies, a novel by Hwee Hwee Tan Foreign ... Look up foreign body in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. A foreign body, in physiology, any object originating outside a human ... a 2016 Tunisian film Foreign Body (Cook novel), a novel by Robin Cook Foreign Bodies (Amanda Craig book), a book by Amanda ...
Foreign Body". NME. Retrieved 30 August 2015. Sundstorm, Emma H. (20 March 2012). "Mirrorring - Foreign Body". Pop Matters. ... "Foreign Body - Mirrorring". Metacritic. Retrieved 30 August 2015. Pelly, Jenny (22 March 2012). "Mirrorring: Foreign Body". ... Foreign Body is a collaborative album of Tiny Vipers and Grouper under their common moniker Mirrorring. It was released on ...
Rectal foreign bodies are a subgroup of foreign bodies in the alimentary tract. If the foreign body is too big to allow feces ... Reasons for foreign rectal bodies vary wildly, but in most cases they are of sexual or criminal motivation. The foreign body ... In this case, the sphincter prevents, by mechanical means, the extraction of the foreign body. The other way for a foreign body ... Magnetic resonance imaging is contraindicated, especially if the foreign body is unknown. Foreign rectal bodies may penetrate ...
Rectal foreign body Urethral sounding Urethral intercourse Boscolo-Berto, R.; Iafrate, M.; Viel, G. (2010). "Forensic ... Trehan, R. K.; Haroon, A.; Memon, S.; Turner, D. (2007). "Successful removal of a telephone cable, a foreign body through the ... Doctors have documented numerous cases of insertion of foreign bodies into the urethra, typically as the result of auto-erotic ... v t e v t e (Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2022, Urethra disorders, Foreign body, All stub articles, ...
Foreign body giant cell reaction to nylon suture material Foreign body granuloma Foreign body List of cutaneous conditions ... A foreign body reaction (FBR) is a typical tissue response to a foreign body within biological tissue. It usually includes the ... Adherent macrophages and foreign body giant cells degrade biomaterials and can lead to device failure. Foreign body giant cells ... In the long term, the foreign body reaction results in encapsulation of the foreign body within a calcified shell. For example ...
Foreign Body'". Los Angeles Times. 2008-04-30. Archived from the original on 2008-05-02. Retrieved 2008-05-29. Foreign Body at ... "Vuguru's Foreign Body Takes (it) Off". Newteevee.com. 2008-05-27. Retrieved 2008-05-29. "Sizzling Medical Noir Foreign Body ... Foreign Body was a 2008 web series coproduced by the production companies Vuguru (owned by former Walt Disney CEO Michael ... The core plot of Foreign Body concerns "medical tourism in India, focusing on "a group of dangerous Indian beauties" whose ...
... reaction to a suture. H&E stain. Micrograph showing a foreign body engulfed by a giant cell. H&E stain ... Foreign body giant cells are involved in the foreign body reaction, phagocytosis, and subsequent degradation of biomaterials ... and foreign-body giant cells (FBGCs). The response of the foreign body reaction determines how compatible the implanted ... Foreign body giant cells are also produced to digest foreign material that is too large for phagocytosis. The inflammatory ...
"Foreign Body - directed by Raja Amari - africanfilm.com". www.africanfilm.com. Retrieved 2019-11-04. Foreign Body at IMDb v t e ... Foreign Body is a 2016 Tunisian drama film directed and written by Raja Amari. A young lady escaped from her home in Tunisia ... Hiam Abbass Sarra Hannachi Salim Kechiouche Marc Brunet Majd Mastoura Foreign Body / Corps étranger (2018) - Trailer (English ... Foreign Body' (Corps etranger'): Film Review , TIFF 2016". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019-11-04. " ...
X-rays are also useful for identifying the type of foreign body ingested and complications of foreign body ingestion, including ... which is inserted through the mouth into the esophagus and stomach to identify the foreign body or bodies. This procedure is ... or use two snares to orient foreign bodies. In veterinary medicine or when there is no endoscope available to extract foreign ... Foreign bodies should be removed from the esophagus within 24 hours of ingestion because of a high risk of complication. Prior ...
All Movie Guide The New York Times Foreign Body at IMDb v t e v t e (Use dmy dates from April 2016, Use British English from ... Foreign Body is a 1986 British romantic comedy film directed by Ronald Neame and adapted from the 1975 Roderick Mann novel of ...
Endoscopic foreign body retrieval is the first-line treatment for removal of a foreign body from the alimentary tract. Glucagon ... One of the most common locations for a foreign body is the alimentary tract. It is possible for foreign bodies to enter the ... 2003 British documentary detailing unusual foreign objects located and removed from patients Bezoar Rectal foreign body " ... If the person who swallowed the foreign body is doing well, usually an x-ray image will be taken which will show any metal ...
Foreign bodies. Hutchinson. 1990. A Private Place (1991), Hutchinson A Vicious Circle (1996), 4th Estate In a Dark Wood (2000 ...
Rigid bronchoscopy is used for retrieving foreign objects. Rigid bronchoscopy is useful for recovering inhaled foreign bodies ... Foreign Bodies". In Lalwani A (ed.). CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment in Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (3rd ed.). New York, ... This allows the practitioner to examine the patient's airways for abnormalities such as foreign bodies, bleeding, tumors, or ... because it allows for protection of the airway and controlling the foreign body during recovery. Massive hemoptysis, defined as ...
Gorra, Michael (August 31, 1997). "Foreign Bodies". The New York Times. Retrieved February 13, 2021. "Some Thoughts on The ...
"Foreign Bodies"". Victoria. Season 3. Episode 4. 3 February 2019. PBS. "Famous People with Magic Grandad". BroadcastForSchools. ... Other portrayals include: Laura Morgan in Victoria episode #3.4 "Foreign Bodies" (2018) Kate Isitt in the Magic Grandad episode ... She left a large body of work, including several hundred notes that were previously unpublished. A memorial monument to ... Her ideas inspired the volunteer body of the United States Sanitary Commission. Nightingale advocated autonomous nursing ...
Foreign Bodies. W. W. Norton, 2020. ISBN 978-1-324-00521-6 Selected broadsides Walt Whitman Circle. 2015. 3/3: Volume 1, Issue ... "Foreign Bodies". "Kimiko Hahn, Interview." By Laurie Sheck. Bomb 96 (Summer 2006) [2] Kimiko Hahn's 'Interlingual Poetics' in ... "her profound understanding of the politics of the body" as seen in her poetry (113). In the U.S., her Asian appearance made ...
She has published various short stories before, and at the age of 23, she got her first book, Foreign Bodies (1997), to print. ... Foreign Bodies. London: Michael Joseph, 1997. ISBN 0718142551 Mammon Inc. London: Michael Joseph, 2001. ISBN 071814256X " ...
In the exhibit Foreign Bodies, Fernández takes on women's rights within her own culture. During her Ted Talk, Fernández spoke ... "Ana Teresa Fernandez , Foreign Bodies". Gallery Wendi Norris , San Francisco. 3 May 2014. Retrieved 2022-11-16. "Troka Troka". ... "Interview: Ana Teresa Fernández, "Foreign Bodies" at Gallery Wendi Norris". sfartenthusiast.com. Archived from the original on ... "Interview: Ana Teresa Fernandez, "Foreign Bodies" at Gallery Wendi Norris". Gallery Wendi Norris , San Francisco. 3 April 2014 ...
Nandi P, Ong GB (1978). "Foreign body in the oesophagus: review of 2394 cases". The British Journal of Surgery. 65 (1): 5-9. ... Baraka A, Bikhazi G (1975). "Oesophageal foreign bodies". British Medical Journal. 1 (5957): 561-3. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5957.561 ... "Management of ingested foreign bodies and food impactions" (PDF). Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 73 (6): 1085-1091. doi:10.1016/j. ... "Endoscopic techniques and management of foreign body ingestion and food bolus impaction in the upper gastrointestinal tract: a ...
Johnson, Stephen (January 20, 2012). "Salonen: Foreign Bodies; Wings on Wing; Insomnia". BBC Music Magazine. Retrieved July 23 ... a fusion between instrument and body, nature and technology'. The voice of architect Frank Gehry is electronically treated to ...
Johnson, Stephen (January 20, 2012). "Salonen: Foreign Bodies; Wings on Wing; Insomnia". BBC Music Magazine. Retrieved August 9 ...
Performing Exile Foreign Bodies. Intellect Books Limited. 2017. ISBN 9781783208197. Alejandro Portes; Alex Stepick (1993). City ...
"Foreign Bodies, Common Ground". Wellcome Trust. Retrieved 31 March 2015. Criado, Lula (18 March 2014). "Elson Kambalu". Clot ... In 2013, Elson was one of the international artists featured Foreign Bodies, Common Ground exhibition. The artists worked in ...
Removal of foreign bodies. Malignancy of sinus. Fracture of maxilla and/or orbital floor. Abnormal growth of mucous membrane of ... Datarkar, Abhay N.; Dhawad, Madhumati; Deshpande, Ajay (16 March 2012). "Unusual Foreign Body in Mid Face". Journal of ...
Edwards, Martin (2018) [2017]. Foreign Bodies (Reprinted ed.). Sourcebooks. ISBN 9781464209116. Pagello, Federico (2015). "The ...
Lawless, Katherine (2012). "(Re)circulating Foreign Bodies". Feminist Media Studies. 12 (1): 119-132 [120]. doi:10.1080/ ... Lawless, Katherine (2012). "(Re)circulating Foreign Bodies". Feminist Media Studies. 12 (1): 119-132 [121]. doi:10.1080/ ... Lawless, Katherine (2012). "(Re)circulating Foreign Bodies". Feminist Media Studies. 12 (1): 119-132 [122]. doi:10.1080/ ...
"Episode 2.1 - Foreign Bodies". The British Comedy Guide. Archived from the original on 14 August 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2012 ...
Foreign Bodies has a duration of roughly 20 minutes and is composed in three movements: Body Language Language Dance The work ... Foreign Bodies is an orchestral composition in three movements by the Finnish composer Esa-Pekka Salonen. The work was ... Arnold Whittall of Gramophone was more critical of the work, however, writing: Foreign Bodies, with its governing image of ... Salonen, Esa-Pekka (2001). Foreign Bodies: Program Note. Retrieved August 9, 2015. Ross, Alex (May 7, 2007). "The Essential ...
Controlled studies of patients with rectal foreign bodies have not been conducted, and the literature is largely anecdotal or ... The treatment of rectal foreign bodies has been discussed in the medical literature for many years. ... For the vast majority of rectal foreign bodies, the prognosis is excellent. For foreign bodies that result in perforation of ... encoded search term (Rectal Foreign Bodies) and Rectal Foreign Bodies What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Hard Wax - Mirrorring: Foreign Body (Kranky krank162)
This article discusses first aid for a foreign object placed into the nose. ... This article discusses first aid for a foreign object placed into the nose. ... A foreign body in a childs nose can be there for a while without a parent being aware of the problem. The object may only be ... Symptoms that your child may have a foreign body in his or her nose include: *Difficulty breathing through the affected nostril ...
The most common ocular symptom among those with rosacea was having a foreign body sensation (53.9% vs 24.8%, P , .001). ... Patients with rosacea are more likely to experience ocular symptoms, including foreign body sensations, itching, dryness, ...
... and effective for radiopaque and non-radiopaque foreign bodies, including foreign bodies at risk for fragmentation during ... Self-Embedding Disorder and Removal of Soft Tissue Foreign Bodies Figure 1 (Young et al., 2008). This x-ray image illustrates 3 ... Twenty-five foreign bodies were inserted into the forearm or upper arm of the five patients. Referring services included ... To evaluate the efficacy and clinical impact of image-guided foreign body removal (IGFBR) for treatment of self-inflicted soft ...
Foreign Bodies by Simon Schama - This splendid and often moving work of history… Schama has a gift for combining ... Foreign Bodies crosses borders between east and west, Asia and Europe, the worlds of rich and poor, politics and science. Its ... Foreign Bodies: Pandemics, Vaccines and the Health of Nations is his twentieth book. ... Foreign Bodies. Pandemics, Vaccines and the Health of Nations. By Simon Schama ...
Foreign body induced septic arthritis of the finger Case contributed by Maulik S Patel ... linear echogenic focus (1.2 mm long) is seen deep to extensor tendon consistent a foreign body, deep to ulnar side of lateral ... Ultrasound findings of foreign body-induced septic arthritis of index finger proximal interphalangeal joint. ... Intra-operative photos show a tiny dark-colored foreign body and erosion of the phalanx. ...
What is the CPT code for removal of foreign body from eye?. What is the CPT code for removal of foreign body from eye?. Code ... How do you code a foreign body removal?. The CPT code for foreign body removal from the ear without general anesthesia is 69200 ... What is the CPT code for intraocular foreign body removal?. S05.31xA Ocular laceration without prolapse or loss of intraocular ... If the removal procedure requires general anesthesia, the CPT code changes to 69205: Removal of foreign body from the external ...
Gastric and Intestinal Foreign Bodies - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the MSD Manuals ... Ingested drug packages (see Body Packing and Body Stuffing Body Packing and Body Stuffing Body packing and body stuffing ... Foreign Body in the Stomach (Endoscopy). This endoscopic image shows a sharp foreign body in the stomach. ... See also Overview of Foreign Bodies in the Gastrointestinal Tract Overview of Foreign Bodies in the Gastrointestinal Tract A ...
... Categories. Hair Transplant Instruments Lab Surgical Ophthalmic Instruments - Epilation Forceps - ...
Superficial ocular foreign body with no signs of open globe injury. *Conjunctival foreign body *ED removal after topical ... Foreign bodies. External Links. References. *↑ Babineau MR, Sanchez LD, Ophthalmologic procedures in the emergency department ... Ocular foreign bodies are a high-risk chief complaint because of short and long-term threats to vision loss. The main goal is ... Additionally, once the foreign body is removed, the rust ring area softens overnight and can be more easily removed in the ...
... and string in the gastrointestinal tract are called linear foreign bodies. They are particularly troubling because of the ... Foreign materials that are long and thin like tinsel, yarn, ... Linear Foreign Bodies - What are they?. A foreign body is any ... Linear Foreign Bodies - How are they treated?. Cats with linear foreign bodies require surgery to remove them. Prior to surgery ... Linear Foreign Bodies - How are they diagnosed?. Cats with linear foreign objects in their gastrointestinal tract can display a ...
... and body mass index (RR for each unit increment 1.1, 95%CI 1.0-1.2). Conclusions: The risk of retaining a foreign body after ... Risk factors for retained foreign bodies after surgery. Robin S. McLeod and John M.A. Bohnen; for Members of the CAGS Evidence ... Question: What are the identifiable risk factors for retained foreign bodies in surgical patients? Design: Case-control study. ... In total, 54 patients with 61 retained foreign bodies were included. The controls were matched to the cases by the type of ...
History of foreign body aspiration few years ago. *Diagnosed bronchitis about 10 years ago with multiple episodes of shortness ... A foreign body of bone density is seen impacted within the right lower lobe bronchus (yellow arrow). ... The incidence of bronchiectasis due to foreign body aspiration is between 1-6% of cases. The risk of bronchiectasis depends on ...
Why not consider using Bougienage for the esophageal foreign bodies yourself? ... Foreign body ingestion is a common pediatric problem. Coins are by far the most common ingested foreign bodies. When ingested ... Esophageal Foreign Bodies. *Kids may accidentally or purposefully (see Pica) eat non-food items .*The substance ingested is ... Bougienage for Esophageal Foreign Bodies. *Bougienage has been shown to be safe, effective, and cost efficient [Heinzerling, ...
Foreign bodies in the ear. Home / Ear / Foreign bodies in the ear ... Treatment for foreign bodies in the ear Some objects placed in ... Foreign bodies in the ear canal can be anything a child can push into his or her ear. Some of the items that are commonly found ... Foreign bodies can either be in the ear lobe or in the ear canal. Objects usually found in the ear lobe are earrings, either ... The treatment for foreign bodies in the ear is prompt removal of the object by your childs physician. The following are some ...
POCUS and Soft Tissue Foreign Bodies by Ellsworth Wright MD & Brandon Somwaru DO posted January 18, 2021 No Comments ...
... and nasal flushing are sometimes required to diagnose nasal foreign bodies. Some foreign body removals can be difficult and ... The continued presence of foreign material leads to chronic inflammation and chronic nasal signs. This can be uncomfortable. ... Nasal foreign bodies typically present as acute onset of clinical signs such as sneezing, rubbing on face/nose, nasal discharge ... and nasal flushing are sometimes required to diagnose nasal foreign bodies. Some foreign body removals can be difficult and ...
... foreign bodies and splinters can be hard to remove and can potentially become infected. ... which often happens during the attempt to remove the foreign body. If not removed completely, a splinter or other foreign body ... Get Quality Urgent Care to Remove Splinters and Other Foreign Bodies. Splinter injuries are common, and the most common of them ... Watch for these signs that injection may be taking hold and that the foreign body hasnt been completely removed:. *Discharge ( ...
... enabling them to safely and effectively retrieve foreign bodies or stone fragments from the urinary tract while minimizing ... Urology foreign body forceps graspers for URS and PCNL procedures are essential tools for urologists, ... Fine, serrated jaws: The jaws of the forceps are typically serrated to provide a secure grip on foreign bodies or stone ... Urology foreign body forceps graspers for URS (Ureterorenoscopy) and PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy) are specialized ...
How is an intestinal foreign body treated?. If a foreign body obstruction is diagnosed or suspected, exploratory surgery is ... If a foreign body is suspected, abdominal radiographs (X-rays) will be performed. Several views or a series of specialized X- ... Although some foreign bodies do pass uneventfully through the intestinal tract, if an obstruction occurs for some reason, ... In some instances, the foreign body may be able to pass on its own. In this event, your veterinarian may recommend ...
... Over 100 years ago, Dr. Chevalier Jackson explained the stages of a foreign ... body:. At first, during the initial coughing fit, there is usually a by-pass valve (air moves freely around the foreign body). ... Air can enter during inspiration, but can no longer freely exit around the foreign body during expiration (when our bronchi ... Home / What Gets Stuck Where? / A Problem with Xrays / 3 Phases of Bronchial Foreign Body Obstruction ...
Foreign Body Endoscopy Experience of a University Based Hospital ...
All bundles are 100grams. Imported directly from Indonesia. Single donor. Can be purchased as a single bundle.
The new retained foreign body! Case report and review of the literature on retained foreign bodies in laparoscopic bariatric ... An unexpected ferromagnetic foreign body in an unexpected place Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Year: 2004. Vol. 8 - N. 4 Pages: 139- ... An unexpected ferromagnetic foreign body in an unexpected place. F. Rodolà, F. Anastasi. Istituto di Anestesiologia e ... An unusual foreign body in the upper aerodigestive tract: esophageal obstruction due to bran impaction ...
CECCARELLI, Paulo Roberto. The foreign body. Ide (São Paulo) [online]. 2008, vol.31, n.47, pp. 54-60. ISSN 0101-3106. ... Transsexual individuals feel their bodies as a foreign one, therefore in disagreement with their feeling of sexual identity; ... intersexual individuals are informed that their bodies became a foreign one and that he or she no longer belongs to the sex ... Palabras clave : Own body; Sexual difference; Intersex states; Sexual identity; Transsexualism. · resumen en Portugués · texto ...
Wooden foreign bodies inside the orbital cavity or close to it can be difficult diagnose. These bodies can notorious for ... MORAIS, Hécio Henrique Araújo de et al. Organic foreign bodies in the face: Case report. Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac. ... examination of choice for research in these bodies. This paper reports the case of organic foreign body located near the orbit ... These foreign bodies is frequently difficult to identify and localize, despite the existence of modern imaging methods. ...
Metallic Intraocular Foreign Body Removal. September 2015. A surgical video of removal of a 2.3 cm metallic foreign body in a ... An intraocular foreign body (IOFB) was noted. It was seen on a B-scan, but not on CT (photo and B-scan shown). ... Removal of Intraocular Foreign Body: New Technique Randee Miller, MD, and Veeral S. Sheth, MD. December 9, 2014. ... Scleral Embedded Intraocular Foreign Bodies: Trauma Minimization. Devon Ghodasra, MD, and Grant M. Comer, MD, MS ...
  • Sometimes foreign bodies can pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract and perforate or penetrate the wall of stomach and duodenum and migrate into the pancreas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the foreign bodies that reach the stomach, 80 to 90% pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, 10 to 20% require nonoperative intervention, and ≤ 1% require surgery. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Foreign body aspiration in dental office: Founded suspicion for late diagnosis. (scielo.org.mx)
  • With respect to foreign body aspiration accidents, there are specific indicators which substantiate a suspicion of that case. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Nevertheless, this situation would introduce the patient into a dangerous chronicity, therefore, emergency room physicians should be aware of the possibility of a substantiated suspicion of foreign body aspiration. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Foreign body ingestion (gastric foreign bodies G.FB), foreign body aspiration (respiratory foreign bodies R.FB), and corrosive substance (CS) ingestion cases admitted to our hospital between March 11, 2019, and March 10, 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. (bvsalud.org)
  • Occasionally, abdominal sonography is needed to aid in the diagnosis of a linear foreign body. (ahna.net)
  • Diagnosis and appropriate correction of intrauterine anomalies are considered et d'Application en Chirurgie essential in order to increase chances of conception. (who.int)
  • Complications which occurred, such as ingestion of the foreign body or epistaxis were usually related to attempts at removal. (nih.gov)
  • Although exact figures are unavailable, foreign body ingestion is relatively common among children. (medscape.com)
  • In the United States, approximately 1,500 deaths per year are attributed to the ingestion of foreign bodies. (medscape.com)
  • In 2006, the American Association of Poison Control documented 90,906 incidents of foreign body ingestion by patients younger than 5 years. (medscape.com)
  • [ 5 ] Many children who swallow foreign bodies are likely to be undiagnosed (because the ingestion of foreign bodies in children is unwitnessed and unreported in about 40% of cases) and experience no untoward consequences. (medscape.com)
  • Foreign bodies that lodge in the airway are discussed in Airway Foreign Body and are less common than GI foreign bodies. (medscape.com)
  • Injury resulting from entrance of a foreign body into or through the eye or other natural body opening that does not block an airway or cause suffocation (asphyxia). (cdc.gov)
  • This category does not include injury resulting from a foreign body that does not block the airway (see foreign body). (cdc.gov)
  • Corneal foreign bodies are often encountered due to occupational exposure and can be prevented by instituting safety eye-wear at work place. (wikipedia.org)
  • A coin seen on AP CXR in the esophagus A coin seen on lateral CXR in the esophagus AP X ray showing a 9mm battery in the intestines Lateral X ray showing a 9mm battery in the intestines Multiple button batteries in the stomach It is possible for a foreign body to enter the airways and cause choking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foreign bodies that pass through the esophagus are mostly asymptomatic unless perforation or obstruction occurs. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Foreign bodies that enter the oropharynx can exit through the route they entered, they can be hidden in the mouth by the child, or they can travel down either the trachea or the esophagus. (medscape.com)
  • Foreign bodies most commonly become lodged in the stomach because of the inability to pass through the pyloric sphincter into the jejunum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Less commonly, foreign bodies are inserted rectally in an attempt at concealment. (medscape.com)
  • Finally, more commonly in older patients, rectal foreign bodies used for prostatic massage or to break up fecal impactions may be lost during this activity. (medscape.com)
  • Embedded foreign bodies are commonly encountered on imaging studies, particularly in the emergency department. (radsource.us)
  • Children with a retained or impacted GI foreign body are commonly referred for urgent surgical consultation and should be appropriately treated. (medscape.com)
  • Foreign bodies can also become lodged in other locations: anus or rectum blood vessels or thoracic system ears nose teeth and periodontium urethra vagina Foreign bodies are common in animals, especially young dogs and cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article discusses first aid for a foreign object placed into the nose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Curious young children may insert small objects into their nose in a normal attempt to explore their own bodies. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A foreign body in a child's nose can be there for a while without a parent being aware of the problem. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Haynes JH, Zeringue M. Removal of foreign bodies for the ear and nose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sometimes, a foreign body may enter the nose while the child is trying to smell it. (cooperhealth.org)
  • The most common symptom of a foreign body in the nose is nasal drainage. (cooperhealth.org)
  • Treatment of a foreign body in the nose involves prompt removal of the object by a healthcare professional. (cooperhealth.org)
  • Patients frequently present to the emergency department for removal of foreign bodies from the nose or ear. (bmj.com)
  • Medline 1966 to August 1998 was searched using the OVID interface and the search terms [{exp foreign bodies OR foreign body.mp} AND {exp nose OR nose.mp OR exp ear OR ear.mp}] LIMIT to human and English language. (bmj.com)
  • Patients presenting with foreign bodies in the nose or ear are predominantly children in the 2 to 8 age group. (bmj.com)
  • 2 Foreign bodies in the nose are less common than those in the ear and occur almost exclusively in children. (bmj.com)
  • This study investigates the pattern of pediatric nasal foreign body impaction and its management in a metropolitan area. (nih.gov)
  • Finally, any child with a congenital or anastomotic narrowing of the GI tract is more susceptible to foreign body impaction. (medscape.com)
  • In 2009, Avolio Luigi and Martucciello Giuseppe showed that although ingested nonmagnetic foreign bodies are likely to be passed spontaneously without consequence, ingested magnets (magnetic toys) may attract each other through children's intestinal walls and cause severe damage, such as pressure necrosis, perforation, intestinal fistulas, volvulus, and obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some foreign bodies cause obstruction or perforation. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Patients with rosacea are more likely to experience ocular symptoms, including foreign body sensations, itching, dryness, hyperemia, and conjunctival telangiectasia, according to a study recently published in International Ophthalmology . (medscape.com)
  • Some rectal foreign bodies are initially swallowed and then transit through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. (medscape.com)
  • Overview of Foreign Bodies in the Gastrointestinal Tract A variety of foreign bodies may enter the gastrointestinal (GI) tract intentionally or accidentally. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Foreign materials that are long and thin like tinsel, yarn, and string in the gastrointestinal tract are called linear foreign bodies. (ahna.net)
  • A foreign body is any non-food object in the gastrointestinal tract. (ahna.net)
  • Removing the linear foreign object requires making incision (potentially multiple incisions) into the gastrointestinal tract to effectively remove it. (ahna.net)
  • The design of this instrument has been optimized to assist in removing almost all foreign material from the ocular surface. (pioneerstudent.com)
  • Ultrasound findings of foreign body-induced septic arthritis of index finger proximal interphalangeal joint. (radiopaedia.org)
  • If a radiolucent foreign body is suspected, ultrasound (US) may be useful for further evaluation. (radsource.us)
  • 14 On ultrasound, foreign bodies typically appear hyperechoic to surrounding tissue, often with posterior shadowing which may described as "clean" or "dirty" dependent on the surface characteristics of the foreign body. (radsource.us)
  • This endoscopic image shows a sharp foreign body in the stomach. (msdmanuals.com)
  • This intraoperative photograph demonstrates the bezoar being delivered through a longitudinal gastrotomy made along the body of the stomach. (medscape.com)
  • RAFAH, Gaza Strip (AP) - The bodies of six foreign aid workers killed in Israeli airstrikes began the journey back to their home countries Wednesday as they were transported out of the Gaza Strip and into Egypt, Palestinian officials said. (yahoo.com)
  • The other bodies were driven into Egypt through the Rafah crossing, according to the Palestinian Crossings Authority, which oversees border crossings. (yahoo.com)
  • For the vast majority of rectal foreign bodies, the prognosis is excellent. (medscape.com)
  • Foreign bodies in the eye can leave rust rings when removed- these rust rings are normally caused by a ferrous foreign body accidentally striking the cornea or sclera of the patient. (pioneerstudent.com)
  • These patients usually present to the emergency department (ED) because of pain, discomfort, or foreign body sensation, often after multiple attempts to remove the object. (medscape.com)
  • 1, 6, 8 , 9 , 10 Additionally, migration of the foreign body over time has been described in the literature, which can result in complications remote from the initial trauma. (radsource.us)
  • These bodies can notorious for remaining quiescent for a long time, before presenting with a variety of complications. (bvsalud.org)
  • Infections in the orbital region result from the presence of organic foreign bodies can cause complications such as: orbital abscesses, fistulas and blindness. (bvsalud.org)
  • This paper reports the case of organic foreign body located near the orbit, as well as visiting the care on the prevention of eye complications. (bvsalud.org)
  • Some can be toxic or generate toxic chemicals from reactions with chemicals produced by the body, as is the case with many examples of ingested metal objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both children and adults experience problems caused by foreign objects becoming lodged within their bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is likely that the use of various objects for anal eroticism is increasing, resulting in an increased incidence of retained rectal foreign bodies. (medscape.com)
  • The age distribution is bimodal, with peaks in the 20s (thought to be due to anal eroticism) and 60s (thought to be secondary to the use of foreign objects for prostatic massage). (medscape.com)
  • Teach children to avoid placing foreign objects into their noses and other body openings. (medlineplus.gov)
  • CHICAGO - Minimally invasive, image-guided treatment is a safe and precise method for removal of self-inflicted foreign objects from the body, according to the first report on "self-embedding disorder," or self-injury and self-inflicted foreign body insertion in adolescents. (blogspot.com)
  • Foreign body number, location, type and size as well as incision size, intraoperative imaging modality, type of surrounding reaction, and success or failure of removal were documented prospectively. (blogspot.com)
  • A portable metal detector can be helpful in localizing metallic foreign bodies, particularly in children. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Percutaneous radiological treatment of self-inflicted STFBs is safe, precise, and effective for radiopaque and non-radiopaque foreign bodies, including foreign bodies at risk for fragmentation during traditional operative removal techniques. (blogspot.com)
  • There are no reliable data on the frequency of rectal foreign bodies. (medscape.com)
  • The pandemic and isolation increase the frequency of foreign body aspirations and home accidents in girls . (bvsalud.org)
  • Code 65205 is appropriate for reporting removal of a superficial conjunctival foreign body from the eye. (searchandrestore.com)
  • What is the main term for removal of a foreign body embedded in the conjunctival of the eye? (searchandrestore.com)
  • Demographic data , type and cause of home accidents , the time of the accident and the admission to the hospital , the location of the foreign body , and the follow-up data were recorded. (bvsalud.org)
  • The bodies of foreign aid workers killed in an Israeli airstrike in Gaza were brought to the crossing with Egypt on Wednesday as international outrage simmered over an attack that highlighted the dangers faced by humanitarian staff in the enclave. (devdiscourse.com)
  • [ 1 , 2 ] Controlled studies of patients with rectal foreign bodies have not been conducted, and the literature is largely anecdotal or consists of small patient series. (medscape.com)
  • The keys to adequate care for these patients are respect for their privacy, evaluation of the type and location of the foreign body, determination if removal can be performed in the ED or if operative referral is needed, and use of appropriate techniques for removal. (medscape.com)
  • Twenty-five foreign bodies were inserted into the forearm or upper arm of the five patients. (blogspot.com)
  • Abnormal uterine findings were de Recherche et d'Application en identified in 95.8% of patients attending hysteroscopy at GESHRTH. (who.int)
  • The interventional radiologists enter the scene (and intervene) when they use imaging to assist in the removal of self-inflicted soft tissue foreign bodies (STFBs). (blogspot.com)
  • 3 With this in mind, close attention must be paid on all imaging studies to recognize non-anatomic structures, as well as acknowledge that an infectious of inflammatory processes could be secondary to an unsuspected foreign body. (radsource.us)
  • Confusion persists among ordering providers and radiologists which imaging modality is most appropriate for initial evaluation when a foreign body is suspected. (radsource.us)
  • Radiographs represent the initial study of choice when a foreign body is suspected, but when the clinical suspicion is high and x-rays are negative, additional imaging modalities should be considered. (radsource.us)
  • These foreign bodies is frequently difficult to identify and localize, despite the existence of modern imaging methods. (bvsalud.org)
  • COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown: what has changed in common home accidents such as foreign bodies and corrosive injuries? (bvsalud.org)
  • For all eye injuries, about 70% were foreign bodies in the eye, 13% were struck by injuries, and 6% ultraviolet burns or keratitis. (cdc.gov)
  • For example, sawing was indicated as the work task for 16% of the foreign body eye injuries and hammering or pounding was indicated in 10% of the struck by injuries. (cdc.gov)
  • Dacron-containing heart valve repair devices trigger chronic inflammation characterized by the presence of activated macrophages, foreign body giant cells, and capsule formation. (umn.edu)
  • Self-injury, or self-harm, refers to a variety of behaviors in which a person intentionally inflicts harm to his or her body without suicidal intent. (blogspot.com)
  • The common characteristics of such foreign bodies are their smoothness, flexibility, and a size too large for easy encompassing by phagocytes. (cdc.gov)
  • A foreign body (FB) is any object originating outside the body of an organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • A "foreign body" refers to any item or object that has entered the body by accident or on purpose, but doesn't belong there. (cooperhealth.org)
  • Prompt removal of a foreign object in the ear is the first line of treatment. (cooperhealth.org)
  • Abdominal x-rays may be done to identify the foreign object and are useful for following the progression of the object through the GI tract. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Occasionally, a section of the intestinal tract must be removed because it has been irreparably damaged by the linear foreign object. (ahna.net)
  • Although children younger than 6 months are rarely able to get a foreign object into the oropharynx, infants can ingest foreign bodies with the assistance of a sibling. (medscape.com)
  • Most references to foreign bodies involve propulsion through natural orifices into hollow organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body Packing and Body Stuffing Body packing and body stuffing involve swallowing drug-filled packets or placing them in body cavities to evade detection by law enforcement. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The laparoscopic approach before open surgery could be performed safely for the removal of foreign bodies embedded in the pancreas. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is the CPT code for removal of foreign body from eye? (searchandrestore.com)
  • If the removal procedure requires general anesthesia, the CPT code changes to 69205: Removal of foreign body from the external auditory canal with general anesthesia. (searchandrestore.com)
  • Cats with linear foreign bodies require surgery to remove them. (ahna.net)
  • One of the most common locations for a foreign body is the alimentary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Splinters are common foreign bodies in skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foreign bodies in the air and food passages are the sixth most common cause of accidental death in the United States. (medscape.com)
  • An oblique anteroposteriorly oriented low signal intensity linear structure (arrows), consistent with a thorn foreign body, is present within the soft tissues overlying the dorsal distal radius at the level of Lister's tubercle. (radsource.us)
  • During repeated attempts to phagocytize some types of foreign bodies, it is quite possible that sufficient reactive oxygen radicals would be liberated that fibrosis and tumor growth would occur. (cdc.gov)
  • later, in 1805, Bozzini also developed methods to examine body orifices. (medscape.com)
  • With sufficient force (as in firing of bullets), a foreign body can become lodged into nearly any tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • To evaluate the efficacy and clinical impact of image-guided foreign body removal (IGFBR) for treatment of self-inflicted soft tissue foreign bodies (STFBs). (blogspot.com)
  • Ingesting a foreign body requires immediate medical attention, so it's vital to watch young children closely to avoid a choking emergency. (cooperhealth.org)
  • 7 Another source of confusion is what types of foreign bodies can be seen on conventional radiography, and what modality should be used if the radiographic exam is negative. (radsource.us)
  • The detection of such foreign body is important due to the fact of its porous structure and its organic consistency are excellent culture ways for microbial agents. (bvsalud.org)
  • It is possible for foreign bodies to enter the tract from the mouth or rectum. (wikipedia.org)
  • A hypointense, non-anatomic focus surrounded by hyperintense material on T2-weighted sequences has been described as the "target sign", often seen with retained foreign bodies, as in this case (Figures 1a, 1c). (radsource.us)
  • Based on the studies of transsexualism and of the so called "intersex states" the author discusses how the body is perceived in these two psychic configurations and analyses the elements that are present in the construction of the sexual identity and its relations to the body. (bvsalud.org)
  • These foreign bodies often result in allergies which are either temporary or even turn into a chronic allergy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rectal foreign bodies can also be the result of assault, including child abuse. (medscape.com)
  • Veterinarians will often recommend performing abdominal radiography - using x-rays to look for evidence of a linear foreign body. (ahna.net)
  • For orbitotomy with bone flap to remove foreign body, see 67430. (searchandrestore.com)
  • Used by Ophthalmologists, ER Physicians, and in many states, Optometrists who are trained and licensed to remove foreign bodies from the eye of a patient. (pioneerstudent.com)
  • They had no laundry facilities to wash work clothes, and they described how compressed air and salt water were used to remove the sticky powder from clothes and body parts. (cdc.gov)
  • Management of ingested foreign bodies and food impactions. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Foreign bodies in the peritoneum can include retained surgical instruments after abdominal surgery. (wikipedia.org)