Microscopy, Atomic Force: A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a probe systematically rides across the surface of a sample being scanned in a raster pattern. The vertical position is recorded as a spring attached to the probe rises and falls in response to peaks and valleys on the surface. These deflections produce a topographic map of the sample.Bite Force: The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.ParisMuscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.EuropeMuscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Hand Strength: Force exerted when gripping or grasping.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Optical Tweezers: A technique that uses LASERS to trap, image, and manipulate small objects (biomolecules, supramolecular assembles, DENDRIMERS) in three dimensional space. (From Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechnology Terms, 4th ed.)Fingers: Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mechanical Processes: The behaviors of materials under force.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Coriolis Force: The apparent deflection (Coriolis acceleration) of a body in motion with respect to the earth, as seen by an observer on the earth, attributed to a fictitious force (Coriolis force) but actually caused by the rotation of the earth. In a medical context it refers to the physiological effects (nausea, vertigo, dizziness, etc.) felt by a person moving radially in a rotating system, as a rotating space station. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Torque: The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Mechanotransduction, Cellular: The process by which cells convert mechanical stimuli into a chemical response. It can occur in both cells specialized for sensing mechanical cues such as MECHANORECEPTORS, and in parenchymal cells whose primary function is not mechanosensory.Muscle Fatigue: A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.Micromanipulation: The performance of dissections, injections, surgery, etc., by the use of micromanipulators (attachments to a microscope) that manipulate tiny instruments.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Sarcomeres: The repeating contractile units of the MYOFIBRIL, delimited by Z bands along its length.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Muscle Fibers, Skeletal: Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.Mechanics: The branch of physics which deals with the motions of material bodies, including kinematics, dynamics, and statics. When the laws of mechanics are applied to living structures, as to the locomotor system, it is referred to as BIOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Transducers, Pressure: Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.Orthodontic Wires: Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Aluminum Silicates: Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Myocardial Contraction: Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.Northern IrelandGait: Manner or style of walking.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.GermanyMyosins: A diverse superfamily of proteins that function as translocating proteins. They share the common characteristics of being able to bind ACTINS and hydrolyze MgATP. Myosins generally consist of heavy chains which are involved in locomotion, and light chains which are involved in regulation. Within the structure of myosin heavy chain are three domains: the head, the neck and the tail. The head region of the heavy chain contains the actin binding domain and MgATPase domain which provides energy for locomotion. The neck region is involved in binding the light-chains. The tail region provides the anchoring point that maintains the position of the heavy chain. The superfamily of myosins is organized into structural classes based upon the type and arrangement of the subunits they contain.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Shear Strength: The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Elastic Modulus: Numerical expression indicating the measure of stiffness in a material. It is defined by the ratio of stress in a unit area of substance to the resulting deformation (strain). This allows the behavior of a material under load (such as bone) to be calculated.Tensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)BelgiumMolecular Motor Proteins: Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).Hand: The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Connectin: A giant elastic protein of molecular mass ranging from 2,993 kDa (cardiac), 3,300 kDa (psoas), to 3,700 kDa (soleus) having a kinase domain. The amino- terminal is involved in a Z line binding, and the carboxy-terminal region is bound to the myosin filament with an overlap between the counter-connectin filaments at the M line.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Gravitation: Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Feedback, Sensory: A mechanism of communicating one's own sensory system information about a task, movement or skill.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Algeria: A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.Adhesiveness: A property of the surface of an object that makes it stick to another surface.Weight Perception: Recognition and discrimination of the heaviness of a lifted object.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Orthodontic Appliance Design: The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Psoas Muscles: A powerful flexor of the thigh at the hip joint (psoas major) and a weak flexor of the trunk and lumbar spinal column (psoas minor). Psoas is derived from the Greek "psoa", the plural meaning "muscles of the loin". It is a common site of infection manifesting as abscess (PSOAS ABSCESS). The psoas muscles and their fibers are also used frequently in experiments in muscle physiology.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Molecular Dynamics Simulation: A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.Actomyosin: A protein complex of actin and MYOSINS occurring in muscle. It is the essential contractile substance of muscle.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Actin Cytoskeleton: Fibers composed of MICROFILAMENT PROTEINS, which are predominately ACTIN. They are the smallest of the cytoskeletal filaments.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Acceleration: An increase in the rate of speed.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Myofibrils: The long cylindrical contractile organelles of STRIATED MUSCLE cells composed of ACTIN FILAMENTS; MYOSIN filaments; and other proteins organized in arrays of repeating units called SARCOMERES .Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Radiometric Dating: Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Static Electricity: The accumulation of an electric charge on a objectDisease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Books, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Motion: Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.Molecular Typing: Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.Papillary Muscles: Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)beta-Lactamases: Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.ItalyHistory, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Myosin Light Chains: The smaller subunits of MYOSINS that bind near the head groups of MYOSIN HEAVY CHAINS. The myosin light chains have a molecular weight of about 20 KDa and there are usually one essential and one regulatory pair of light chains associated with each heavy chain. Many myosin light chains that bind calcium are considered "calmodulin-like" proteins.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.United StatesLifting: Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Hydrodynamics: The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.Cytoskeleton: The network of filaments, tubules, and interconnecting filamentous bridges which give shape, structure, and organization to the cytoplasm.Great BritainRegistries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Running: An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Magnetics: The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Foxes: Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Elastomers: A generic term for all substances having the properties of stretching under tension, high tensile strength, retracting rapidly, and recovering their original dimensions fully. They are generally POLYMERS.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Volition: Voluntary activity without external compulsion.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Reunion: One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Saint-Denis. It was discovered in 1507 by the Portuguese and claimed by France in 1638. It was first colonized in 1662 as Isle de Bourbon but renamed Reunion in 1793. In 1946 it was made an overseas department of France. The name commemorates the reunion of the revolutionaries from Marseilles with the National Guard in Paris in 1792. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1011; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p454; French Embassy)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Advisory Committees: Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Cheese: A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.Recruitment, Neurophysiological: The spread of response if stimulation is prolonged. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)Orthodontic Appliances: Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Compressive Strength: The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Andorra: A principality in the Pyrenees between France and Spain. Its capital is also called Andorra. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p50)Myosin Type II: The subfamily of myosin proteins that are commonly found in muscle fibers. Myosin II is also involved a diverse array of cellular functions including cell division, transport within the GOLGI APPARATUS, and maintaining MICROVILLI structure.Torsion, Mechanical: A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Muscle Relaxation: That phase of a muscle twitch during which a muscle returns to a resting position.Touch: Sensation of making physical contact with objects, animate or inanimate. Tactile stimuli are detected by MECHANORECEPTORS in the skin and mucous membranes.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)ArtVibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Joseph L. Romano
United States Air Force portal Background article on the Imam Rapito affair, regarding the aftermath and political context of ... Gina Doggett (2009-11-04). "Italy convicts 23 US agents in CIA kidnapping trial". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 2009-11-09. [ ... Colonel Joseph L. Romano is an officer in the United States Air Force and one of 26 American nationals charged by Italian ... At the time of the Hassan Nasr kidnapping, Romano was commander of the 31st Security Forces Squadron stationed in Aviano Air ...
Alaskan Mission Operations Center
"U.S. Air Force Fact Sheet: 70th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing". U.S. Air Force. March 2013. Archived from ... Agence France-Presse. February 4, 2000. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Coordinates: 61°15′54″N 149°50′42″W / ... "Air Force ISR Agency Instruction 10-102: Cryptologic Operations" (PDF). U.S. Air Force. November 14, 2007. Retrieved July 16, ... The Alaskan Mission Operations Center (AMOC) is a U.S. National Security Agency facility located on Elmendorf Air Force Base in ...
Air Force. XVIII (3). "France Honors Aviators". The New York Times. March 22, 1924. Retrieved July 14, 2012. "Woman Does 212 ... Air France. Retrieved July 14, 2012. Branchu, Marc. "Adrienne Bolland's Cordillera feat" (PDF). Air France. Retrieved 16 July ... The French consul, who had believed it was an April Fool's Day joke, was not among them. She was called "the goddess of the ... The French government eventually recognized her with the Legion of Honor and other awards. Since her death, she has been ...
... when it was bombed by US Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses, before the liberation of Dijon by the French Army and the French ... "Bombing of Dijon, France". U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 19 January 2009. HKO August 2011, weather.gov.hk "Données climatiques de ... la station de Dijon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015. "Climat Bourgogne" (in French). Meteo France. ... Dijon (French pronunciation: [diʒɔ̃] ( listen)) is a city in eastern France, capital of the Côte-d'Or département and of the ...
List of airship accidents
2008 protests against Kosovo declaration of independence
"UN police forced out of Kosovo town after clashes". Agence France Presse. 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2008-03-17. Radovanovic, Radul ... "Kosovo clashes force UN pullout". BBC News. 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2008-03-17. "UN officer dies after Kosovo riot". BBC News. ... The president of Serbia and commander-in-chief of Serbian Armed Forces, Boris Tadic (Democratic Party), did not attend. The ... UN police withdrew from northern Mitrovica, leaving the area under the control of the NATO forces. Gen. John Craddock, NATO's ...
Role of Georgia in the War in Afghanistan (2001-14)
... was sent under the French command to the Camp Warehouse in Kabul. With the planned withdrawal of the French from Afghanistan, ... The largest attack on the area of responsibility of the Georgian forces occurred on May 14, 2013, when a suicide bombing with ... Agence France-Presse. 4 August 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2013. Ostroska, Jessica, Staff Sgt. (16 July 2014). "Georgian Army ends ... At its peak deployment, Georgia provided two full infantry battalions serving with the United States forces in the Helmand ...
Bolivian constitutional referendum, 2009
Agence France-Presse. 2008-10-20. Archived from the original on 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2009-01-26. "New Bolivia constitution in ... "New Bolivia constitution in force". BBC. 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2016-03-17. "Bolivia, opposition agree on referendum, Morales ... Agence France-Presse. 2008-10-20. Archived from the original on November 30, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. "Bolivian court ... force". BBC News. 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2009-02-09. "Referéndum Nacional Constituyente 2009". National Electoral Court of ...
World War II casualties
Q France French military war of 210,000 dead include 150,000 regular forces (1939-40 Battle of France 92,000; 1940-45 on ... and 40,000 French nationals in the German Armed forces who were conscripted in Alsace-Lorraine,) The French Ministry of Defense ... Army Air Forces 36,461, and Navy/Coast Guard 6,039); Asia-Pacific 108,504 (Army ground forces 41,592, Army Air Forces 15,694, ... The armed forces of the various nations are treated as single entities, for example the deaths of Austrians, French and foreign ...
First Gulf of Sidra offensive
This forced the opposition forces to withdraw back to Nofaliya, 120 kilometres (75 miles) from Sirte. Some of them even ... Agence France-Presse. 27 March 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011. Golovnina, Maria; Georgy, Michael (29 March 2011). "Gaddafi ... On 30 March, loyalist forces recaptured the oil refinery town of Ra's Lanuf forcing rebels to retreat further to the east. The ... On 29 March, pro-Gaddafi forces intensified attacks on Libyan rebels, forcing them to retreat from Nofaliya to Bin Jawad, some ...
Text in English, French and Spanish, by Gerardo Ruiz-Rico Ruiz and Brice Mathieussent, translated by Francis Merino and Meriem ... Lennon, Peter (31 July 2003). "Magnum force". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2014. The last philosophical crisis for Magnum ... Text in French and English. Roots. Paris: Xavier Barral, 2012. ISBN 978-2365110235. Way to Gods: Magunamu Foto: Kumano kodō, ... Arles, France: Actes Sud, 2006. ISBN 978-2742761760. TV Shots. Göttingen: Steidl, 2007. ISBN 978-3865213754. With a text by ...
On the outbreak of the Second World War he was sent with his squadron to France, part of the RAF Advanced Air Striking Force ( ... On 10 May 1940, the German forces launched the blitzkrieg through the Low countries and France; in the next 10 days, Kain ... The Phoney War ended on 10 May 1940 when the Battle of France and the Low Countries began. Within 17 days, Kain had claimed a ... Air Force News (PDF). Wellington, NZ: Air Staff. 2012. p. 35. ISSN 1175-2327. Retrieved 16 March 2017. Kain, Edgar James (1918- ...
Axis & Allies Naval Miniatures: War at Sea
It features ships, submarines and aircraft from the UK, USA, France, Australia, Germany, Italy and Japan. Task Force: Set of 60 ... X (Task Force; Fighter; Uncommon) Barracuda Mk. II (Task Force; Dive Bomber/Torpedo; Common) Halifax Gr. Mk. V (Task Force; ... De Ruyter (Task Force; Cruiser; Uncommon) Hr.Ms. Van Galen (Task Force; Destroyer; Common) Hr.Ms. Zwaardvisch (Task Force; ... France Algérie (Fleet Command; Cruiser; Rare) Béarn (Condition Zebra; Aircraft Carrier; Rare) Casabianca (Task Force; Submarine ...
Canada Canadian Forces. Designated CU-161 in service; retired. Denmark Danish Army. Programme cancelled. France French Army. In ... The Sperwer is currently in service with the French Army (61e régiment d'artillerie), the Royal Netherlands Air Force, Swedish ... "Canadian Forces Briefing on UAVs". Retrieved 2009-06-30. French Army to procure more Sperwer drones from Sagem "Canada Aviation ... Canadian Forces operated the Sperwer in Afghanistan between 2003 and its last mission on 18 April 2009 when it was replaced ...
United States v. Jawad
Jawad's lawyer, Air Force Maj. David Frakt, said the newly discovered records indicate that 'no one actually knows the full ... Agence France Press. 2008-08-15. Archived from the original on August 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-17. "U.S. court hears ... or Coalition Forces, to wit, Sergeant First Class Michael Lyons, U.S. Army. OARDEC (date redacted). "Summarized Sworn Detainee ...
... in French). MVCG France. Retrieved 17 October 2016. Sumner, Ian (2012). "Opposing Forces". The First Battle of the Marne 1914: ... It was one of the first all-wheel drive trucks used by the French military. In the early 1910s, after some French government- ... The French military requested the assembly of about 50 vehicles. The Panhard-Châtillons were the only hauling transports used ... "Avant la première guerre mondiale, déjà un camion français 4x4 !" [Before World War I, it there already was a French 4x4 truck ...
List of Arsenal F.C. managers
Holt, Oliver (18 May 1998). "Overmars provides the driving force". The Times. p. 31. Harris, Nick (14 August 2002). "Wenger's ... Lawrence, Amy (1 October 2006). "French lessons". The Observer. London. Retrieved 13 December 2015. ... The French evolutionary". Arsenal F.C. Retrieved 14 December 2015. "Arsène Wenger offers FA Cup rematch". Arsenal F.C. 12 July ...
List of shipwrecks in April 1918
Battle of Bin Jawad
Agence France-Presse. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2011. "Gaddafi troops force rebels to retreat". Al Jazeera. 29 March ... However, on 29 March, they retreated once again under heavy artillery fire from loyalist forces. Rebel forces eventually ... An opposition force in 20 pickup trucks tried to surge back into the city and rescue them, but was hit by artillery fire and ... Gaddafi's forces had retaken Bin Jawad. As the rebels were retreating east of Bin Jawad, they were hit by helicopter and air ...
2008 unrest in Kosovo
"UN police forced out of Kosovo town after clashes". Agence France Presse. 2008-03-17. Archived from the original on 2008-03-22 ... Serbia's President Boris Tadic accused the international forces in Kosovo of using "excessive force" and warned of "an ... UN police and NATO forces responded on March 17, and attacks by Serb protesters left one UN police officer dead and as many as ... UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon condemned the attacks against UN and NATO-led forces following the clashes on March 17 and ...
British yeomanry during the First World War
Egyptian expeditionary force. A brief record of the advance of the Egyptian expeditionary force under the command of General ... The French cuirassiers, by comparison, would not have looked out of place in the Napoleonic Wars. Still wearing blue and red ... The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42-56). London: His Majesty's Stationery ... When the Territorial Force was formed there were only fourteen mounted brigades, those regiments that were not part of the pre- ...
Bean, Charles (1941). The Australian Imperial Force in France during the Main German Offensive, 1918. Official History of ... Bean, Charles (1942). The Australian Imperial Force in France during the Allied Offensive, 1918. Official History of Australia ... In January 1918, the division was returned to the front line south of Ypres as Haig acquiesced to French demands to take over ... It was the largest corps fielded by the British Empire in France. At its peak the Australian Corps numbered 109,881 men. By ...
List of ISAF installations in Afghanistan
"France - French Task Force Lafayette - HQ". U.S. Central Command. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 22 ... Andrade, Richard (25 July 2013). "Task Force Long Knife, Patriot conduct TOA ceremony". International Security Assistance Force ... "British forces expand influence in Upper Gereshk". MoD. Retrieved 28 February 2014. Jones 2013, p. 31. "UK hands over base to ... "UK forces support US troops in Afghanistan operation". British MoD. Retrieved 30 January 2014. Stroud, Mark (May 3, 2012). " ...
The nomination of Siemens would see it break into the French high-speed market for the first time, as all French and French ... Minus, Jodie (26 January 2007). "Eurostar an underground force". The Australian. Sydney. Retrieved 27 May 2009. "Eurostar sets ... "We know we can go to most places in France physically, because our trains are compatible with French infrastructure, but then ... French TGV technology was chosen as the basis for the new trains. An order for 30 trainsets, to be manufactured in France but ...
On 2 September the squadron was sent to France as part of the RAF Advanced Air Striking Force. The squadron suffered heavy ... "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XV (774): 663. 25 October 1923. Retrieved 25 September 2015. "Royal Air Force: ... "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XVIII (930): 693. 21 October 1926. Retrieved 25 September 2015. "Royal Air Force: ... "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XIX (955): 215. 14 April 1927. Retrieved 25 September 2015. "Royal Air Force: ...
By 21 May, German forces had trapped the BEF, the remains of the Belgian forces, and three French field armies along the ... Of the French soldiers evacuated from France in June 1940, about 3,000 joined Charles de Gaulle's Free French army in Britain. ... commander of the French First Army and overall coordinator of the Allied forces. Billotte revealed that the French had no ... along with the remains of the Belgian forces and the three French armies, in an area along the coast of northern France and ...
The French Grand Prix saw Räikkönen qualify his car in sixth. His teammate was now former test driver Pedro de la Rosa in place ... He was forced to make an unscheduled pit stop on lap 43 and subsequently retired with differential failure. In Malaysia, ... At the French Grand Prix, McLaren rolled out the new MP4-19B. Räikkönen finished 7th behind his team-mate, David Coulthard. At ... In France, Räikkönen qualified third, but overtook Hamilton at the first corner of the race. He subsequently ran second, behind ...
No. 31 Squadron RAF
... the French Air Force and the United States Air Force. 11 Oct 1915 , Capt C Y MacDonald 27 Mar 1916 , Maj C R S Bradley 23 May ... while on exchange service with the French Air Force, for Operations in Afghanistan and Libya. As part of the celebrations of ... Now part of the Marham Wing, 31 Squadron's aircraft and crews were part of the RAF Tornado force in the 1991 Gulf War and the ... 31 Squadron of the Royal Air Force (RAF), known as the 'Goldstars', currently operates the Tornado GR4 from RAF Marham, Norfolk ...
Skull and crossbones (military)
1/7 Fighter Squadron, France. 2/2 Fighter Squadron, France. Charlie Company, Thirty-sixth Commando Battalion, Iraq. The Duce's ... Variations on the skull and crossbones have been used by several military forces. The largest is on the "Jolly Roger" flags ... The most memorable of these usages could be considered to be on the series of French fighter aircraft flown by French 43- ... Special Forces, Philippines. Second Lancers Regiment, Portugal. Kornilov Assault Regiment, Russia. Eighth Lusitania Cavalry ...
In France, labour organization was illegal until 1884. The Bourse du Travail was founded in 1887 and merged with the Fédération ... rural workers and immigrants into the work force in large numbers and in new roles. They encountered a large hostility in their ... This model was said to be found in EU core countries such as Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Italy, and it is ... wages and benefits to collective bargaining and market forces. Thus, it comes closest to the above Anglo-Saxon model. Also, the ...
Talk:United States Information Agency
Tita French Baumlin, "Robert Fludd," The Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 281: British Rhetoricians and Logicians, 1500 ... The idea that certain parallel actions could be initiated and linked by 'sympathetic' mysterious forces was widespread at this ... In succession he defended the Rosicrucians against Andreas Libavius, debated with Kepler, argued against French natural ... The idea owed a lot of the older Aristotelian and neo-Platonic views about soul-like forces. ...
2011 Rafael Nadal tennis season
French force, Spanish fuerza, Occitan fòrça, but Gascon hòrça). Quite paradoxically (or logically) the Basques from the French ... Gascony (/ˈɡæskəni/; French: Gascogne [ɡaskɔɲ]; Gascon: Gasconha [ɡasˈkuɲɔ]; Basque: Gaskoinia) is an area of southwest France ... Edward sent his wife Isabella, who was sister to the French king, to negotiate a settlement. The Queen departed for France on 9 ... In December 1259, Louis IX of France ceded to Henry land north and east of Gascony. In return, Henry renounced his claim to ...
During the Second World War, Nazi Germany invaded France and in 1945 the Japanese ousted the French from Cambodia, with ... After Vietnamese Marxist-Leninist forces invaded Cambodia to overthrow Lon Nol's government, the U.S. (forces pictured) also ... Sihanouk desired independence from French rule, but after France refused his requests he called for public resistance to its ... Khmer troops deserted the French Army in large numbers and the French government relented, rather than risk a costly, ...
Higher education in Poland
Thus, the Democratic Society Party was a leading force in the organisation of the 2006 Newroz events throughout Turkey. In ... German and French offering also the Latin transcription of the original Avestan scripture and valuable comments. A position at ... three Kurds were shot dead by Syrian security forces.  ... beneficence and the power of nature yielding the forces of ...
List of aerospace engineering schools
Vietnamese Defence Force and Air Force Academy [vi] (DAA) - Aeronautical Engineering. *Hanoi University of Science and ... France. *Institut supérieur de l'aéronautique et de l'espace (ISAE-SUPAERO) ... Bangladesh Air Force Academy (BAFA) (Bachelor in Aeronautics - Air force Personnel only) ... The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) established the university in 2002. Its status is granted as civilian and offers programmes in ...
Wikipedia:In the news/Candidates/December 2006
In total 36 forces have sent 412 detectives, uniformed officers and police staff." (BBC) This asserts notability. --PFHLai 14: ... It's been on the Dutch news (NOS and RTL), and it has received heavy coverage in Germany, France and Italy. These murders are ... UPDATED: Fighters of the Islamic Courts Union leave Mogadishu as Ethiopian-backed forces close in. --TheFEARgod (Ч) 12:14, 28 ... from forces of the Islamic Courts Union. (Could someone more familiar with the Somali Civil War take a look at this article, ...
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Chief of Staff of the Air Force: Gen David L. Goldfein. Chief of the National Guard Bureau. Gen Joseph L. Lengyel, USAF. ... Secretary of the Air Force: Heather Wilson. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Gen Joseph Dunford, USMC. Under Secretaries ... House Armed Services Committee (House Subcommittee on Air and Land Forces). *Senate Committee on Armed Services (Senate ... While the CSA does not have operational command authority over Army forces proper (which is within the purview of the Combatant ...
List of political parties in China
Wheaton, Barbara Ketcham (1996) Savoring the Past: the French kitchen and table from 1300 to 1789, Touchstone, p. 118, ISBN 0- ... Forced air cooling to remove heat from the field during hot weather may be needed for optimal preservation. Short-term storage ... Wheaton, Barbara Ketcham (1996) Savoring the Past: the French kitchen and table from 1300 to 1789, Touchstone, p. 66, ISBN 0- ... François Pierre La Varenne employed chouxfleurs in Le cuisinier françois. They were introduced to France from Genoa in the ...
I Parachute Battery (Bull's Troop) Royal Horse Artillery
The troop was surrounded by French cavalry and cut off from the main force. With the guns limbered up and swords drawn, they ... Order of Battle of the British Armies in France, November 11th, 1918. France: General Staff, GHQ. 1918.. ... Captain Norman Ramsay, Royal Horse Artillery, Galloping his Troop Through the French Army to Safety at the Battle of Fuentes ... Frederick, J.B.M. (1984). Lineage Book of British Land Forces 1660-1978. Wakefield, Yorkshire: Microform Academic Publishers. ...
... following the Fall of France, Adolf Eichmann devised the Madagascar Plan to move Europe's Jewish population to the French ... Himmler assembled a force of about 3,000 men from Security Police, Gestapo, Kripo, SD, and the Waffen-SS, as the so-called " ... Mędykowski, Witold Wojciech (2018). Macht Arbeit Frei?: German Economic Policy and Forced Labor of Jews in the General ... In August, another 10,000-13,000 Polish Jews from Silesia perished, along with 16,000 French Jews declared 'stateless', ...
8th Battalion (Australia)
Odgers, George (1994). Diggers: The Australian Army, Navy and Air Force in Eleven Wars. 1. London: Lansdowne. ISBN 978-1-86302- ... During the war it fought at Gallipoli and in France and Belgium on the Western Front. It was disbanded in 1919, before being re ... In March 1916, the 8th Battalion embarked for France and after arriving there shortly afterwards, it took up a position in the ... In 1948, the 8th Battalion was re-raised as part of the reconstituted Citizen Military Force. At this time the 8th and 7th ...
Unisex public toilet
It has been claimed that the earliest example of a sex-separated public toilet occurred in Paris (France) in 1739 at a ball.[62 ... In February 2016, Michigan was the first state in the US to pass a bill that forces transgender students in public schools to ... Transgender rights advocates have asserted that transgender students should not be forced to use unisex toilets, if that is not ... Advocates argue that forcing trans / non-binary students to use normative gendered public toilets can stigmatize them daily by ...
Collins-class submarine replacement project
Future Force, in Australian Warship, p. 24 *^ Department of Defence, Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century, pgs. 38, ... Selected: Shortfin Barracuda (France; DCNS). On 30 November 2015, DCNS with Thales delivered its proposal for the ... The 2009 Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century: Force 2030 white paper confirmed the replacement project, and ... Department of Defence (2 May 2009). Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century: Force 2030. Commonwealth of Australia. ...
Villa, Paola (1983). Terra Amata and the Middle Pleistocene archaeological record of southern France. Berkeley: University of ... "Technology as a Cultural Force: For Alena and Griffin" (fee required). The Canadian Journal of Sociology. 31 (3): 351-60. doi ... Photograph of the Pont du Gard in France, one of the most famous ancient Roman aqueducts ... refers to the idea that our society is convinced that the Internet is one of the most stable and coherent forces. Solutionism ...
It was described in 1829 by the French zoologist Georges Cuvier, who supposed it to be a parasitic worm, naming it as a new ... The physical principle behind this is that the force required to accelerate the water through the orifice produces a reaction ... Octopuses feed on shelled molluscs either by forcing the valves apart, or by drilling a hole in the shell to inject a nerve ... Food is broken down and is forced into the oesophagus by two lateral extensions of the esophageal side walls in addition to the ...
Internet of things
"FIT French Project. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.. ... Internet Engineering Task Force. Standards that comprise TCP/IP (the Internet protocol suite). ... But such action violates the United States DMCA section 1201, which only has an exemption for "local use". This forces ... French company, Sigfox, commenced building an Ultra Narrowband wireless data network in the San Francisco Bay Area in 2014, the ...
Military Counterintelligence Service (Poland)
Berlin Brandenburg Airport
Transavia France Nantes TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Tenerife-South Seasonal: Heraklion, Kos ... Interested citizens forced a non-binding public quorum that was held parallel to the federal election, asking whether Tegel ... Lufthansa and Air France/KLM will operate airport lounges in the main pier which will also be open for passengers of the ... By 19 May 2014 Siemens had not yet designed the wire harnesses. These problems are forcing the initial construction budget ...
During the French and Indian War, the Lenape initially sided with the French, as they hoped to prevent further British colonial ... After the signing of the Treaty of Easton in 1758, the Lenape were forced to move west out of their native lands into what is ... During the French and Indian War, Killbuck assisted the English against their French enemy. In 1761, Killbuck led an English ... who were seeking aid against the French and their Native American allies during the French and Indian War (Seven Years' War). ...
Canada Pavilion at Epcot
The building is presented (with the aid of forced perspective) to look as if it is six stories in height, but is really three. ... with one side representing French Canada and the other English Canada. Today this is somewhat evident as a small thoroughfare. ... a small thoroughfare is designed to represent the British and French influences and heritage through its buildings; the Château ...
Battle of Lützen (1813)
After a day of heavy fighting, the combined Prussian and Russian force retreated; due to French losses and a shortage of French ... Napoleon I of France halted the advances of the Sixth Coalition after the French invasion of Russia and the massive French ... This allowed the allied force to retreat in good order. The lack of French cavalry meant there would be no pursuit. Napoleon ... leading the main 110,000 strong French force, would come around the allied flank and counterattack. ...
Democratic Force (France) - Wikipedia
Democratic Force was a French centrist political party founded in 1995 by the merger between the centrist components of the ... The former leader of Democratic Force, François Bayrou, became president of this party.. ... Union for French Democracy (Union pour la démocratie française or UDF): the Christian-democratic Centre of Social Democrats and ...
Third Force (France) - Wikipedia
The Third Force (Troisième Force) was a French coalition during the Fourth Republic (1947 - 1958) which gathered the French ... opposed both to the French Communist Party (PCF) and the Gaullist movement. The Third Force governed France from 1947 to 1951, ... The idea of reviving a Third Force between the centre-left and the centre-right in France has been raised periodically ever ... a year after the dissolving of the Third Force coalition. The Third Force was organised after the dismissal of vice-premier ...
UN approves Mali peacekeeping force - France 24
The UN Security Council has unanimously approved the creation of a 12,600-strong peacekeeping force to take over from French ... backed African force deployed there to take over from the French. Most of the African force, known as AFISMA, are likely to ... France has started withdrawing its 4,000-strong force and plans to have just 1,000 by the end of the year. Paris had said ... French forces would be able to intervene to support MINUSMA when peacekeepers are under imminent and serious threat and upon ...
Agencies - France Nuclear Forces
Force Oc anique Strat gique (FOST) Strategic Oceanic Force Forces A riennes Strat giques (FAS) Strategic Air Command As regards ... and the Armed Forces, from the FOST - CFAS strategic ocean forces component. The assembly and use of weapons are subject to ... Since the 1970s, French industry has permanently conducted at least one civilian or military launcher development, which has ... This raises the crucial question, unanswered to this day, of the maintenance of French skills in this sector. In the absence of ...
'Doggy bag' law comes into force in...
... doggy bags may finally become an established part of eating out in France with restaurants across the country now legally ... 2019 Copyright France 24 - All rights reserved. France 24 is not responsible for the content of external websites. Audience ... French MPs call for Tour de France to join UNESCO cultural heritage list ... they are practically unheard of in France. The French do not even have their own term for the concept, instead referring to "le ...
France Declines to Contribute Major Force for U.N. Mission
... setting back efforts to deploy an international military force to help police a cease-fire between Israel and Hezbollah, ... 17 -- France on Thursday rebuffed pleas by U.N. officials to make a major contribution to a peacekeeping mission in southern ... French officials cited the loss of 84 French troops in the U.N. mission in the early 1990s in Bosnia, and the seizure of French ... France Declines to Contribute Major Force for U.N. Mission. By Colum Lynch. Washington Post Staff Writer. Friday, August 18, ...
French Forces Attack Mali Rebels
France launched air attacks on Islamist rebels in Mali to prevent their advance into the south of the country. WSJs Drew ... French Forces Attack Mali Rebels. France launched air attacks on Islamist rebels in Mali to prevent their advance into the ... I ... the ... French forces ... global Islamist groups in Mali attempt to stop the bonds ... even deeper into the northern off ... since France commit into this to this site ... Encore Can you beat that ... oh how much is fronts committed to this the fight ...
Nuclear Weapons - France Nuclear Forces
Announcement of the new format for French nuclear forces : - scaling down of ballistic missile nuclear submarine force from ... Now that the plateau dAlbion land-based missiles have been stood down, no part of the French nuclear deterrent forces is any ... Measures related to the de-alerting of nuclear forces were announced and implemented in 1992 and 1996. THE SHARE OF FRENCH ... and that France must continue to be vigilant against threats to France, French interests, and to European security by regional ...
Fsfe-france] Traduction task force
Re: [Fsfe-france] Traduction task force, Olivier Berger, 2001/07/22. *Re: [Fsfe-france] Traduction task force, Jerome Dominguez ... Fsfe-france] Traduction task force, Jerome Dominguez ,= *[Fsfe-france] Re: [TRAD GNU] Traduction task force, Wolfgang Sourdeau ... Previous by thread: Re: [Fsfe-france] Traduction task force *Next by thread: [Fsfe-france] Re: [TRAD GNU] Traduction task force ... Prev by Date: [Fsfe-france] Traduction task force *Next by Date: Re: [Fsfe-france] Installation de Coposys sur france.fsfeurope ...
M-4 / M-45 - France Nuclear Forces
The Redoutable class submarines forming Frances Strategic Ocean Force have been equipped with M-4 missiles, each with six TN- ... FAS , Nuke , Guide , France , SLBM ,,,, Index , Search , M-4 / M-45. The M-4 is an intermediate range, submarine-launched, ... FAS , Nuke , Guide , France , SLBM ,,,, Index , Search , http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/france/slbm/m-4.htm. Maintained by ... The improved version, the M-45, provided a range extension to 6000 km, and in March 1986 a French boat fired an M-4 over a ...
France: Protect against forced evictions | Amnesty International
Forced evictions of Roma in the Ile-de-France exposes the negative impact of forced evictions on the lives of migrant Roma and ... "France has failed to include international human rights standards against forced evictions in its domestic legal system. As a ... The French authorities must immediately stop forced evictions affecting several thousand migrant Roma each year across the ... As non-French EU citizens, they are prohibited by French law from staying in the country for more than three months unless they ...
Royal Air force improves communication using Fujitsu CELSIUS workstation - Fujitsu France
... is the aerial warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces and the oldest independent air force in the world. Its ... is the aerial warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces and the oldest independent air force in the world. Its ... Formed in 1918 in response to the First World War, the UKs Royal Air Force (RAF) ...
France freezes role in NATO naval force amid Turkey tensions | Hosted
... amid growing tensions within the military alliance over the conflict in Libya.Frances Defense Ministry said that the ... France announced Wednesday that it is suspending its involvement in a NATO naval operation in the Mediterranean Sea after a ... France freezes role in NATO naval force amid Turkey tensions. By SYLVIE CORBET and LORNE COOK ... France is also calling for a crisis mechanism to prevent a repeat of the incident between Turkish warships and a French naval ...
French report lays out evidence Assad forces conducted chemical attack
France concludes the Assad regime was behind the April 7 chemical attack on civilians in the Douma suburb of Damascus, the ... French report lays out the evidence: Assad forces conducted chemical attack on civilians. France concludes the Assad regime was ... French report lays out the evidence: Assad forces conducted chemical attack on civilians France concludes the Assad regime was ... French report lays out the evidence: Assad forces conducted chemical attack on civilians. Ledyard King and Oren Dorell, USA ...
French Air Force Demos ASMPA Raid | Ares
The French air force has, for the first time, conducted an end-to-end test of its strategic strike capability using the ASMPA ... The five hour mission involved air-to-air refueling with a French C-135 refueler. The French air force says the mission ... French Air Force Demos ASMPA Raid. Jun 20, 2012 by Robert Wall in Ares ... The French air force has, for the first time, conducted an end-to-end test of its strategic strike capability using the ASMPA ...
Force-feeding off menu as France trials 'naturally fatty' foie gras | National Post
In a barn in southwest France, farmer Valerie Fosserie squirts serum into a goslings mouth as a prelude to what she says is ... Share this Story: Force-feeding off menu as France trials naturally fatty foie gras. *. Copy Link ... Share this Story: Force-feeding off menu as France trials naturally fatty foie gras. *. Copy Link ... Share this Story: Force-feeding off menu as France trials naturally fatty foie gras. *. Copy Link ...
France Opts Not to Pull Forces From Afghan War - WSJ
Niger, French forces in search of gunmen who killed tourists | WTOP
Armed forces from Niger and France have been deployed to pursue the gunmen who killed seven aid workers, mostly French citizens ... Armed forces from Niger and France have been deployed to pursue the gunmen who killed seven aid workers, mostly French citizens ... France has deployed 5,100 soldiers to help fight the growing insurgency there, and a local Sahel force made up of soldiers from ... NIAMEY, Niger (AP) - Armed forces from Niger and France have been deployed to pursue the gunmen who killed seven… ...
France Sets Up Permanent Anti-Terror Force in Africa - The American Interest
French special forces 'protecting Niger uranium' - Page 1 | Mediapart
Military sources say special forces to be sent to Niger uranium sites run by French state-owned company Areva as threat of ... France has ordered special forces to protect uranium sites run by state-owned Areva in Niger as the threat of attacks on its ... Military sources say special forces to be sent to Niger uranium sites run by French state-owned company Areva as threat of ... French special forces protecting Niger uranium January 24, 2013. By La rédaction de Mediapart ...
Libyans protest against the presence of French special forces | Africanews
Hundreds of people demonstrated in several cities in Libya on Wednesday to protest against French military presence after ... France announced the killing of three of its soldiers in the country. ... Libyans protest against the presence of French special forces. 22/07/2016 Hundreds of people demonstrated in several cities in ... Macron on Africa tour says G5 Sahel force implementation... 1st December 2017 ...
British-French Combined Joint Expeditionary Force conducts exercise
The Anglo-French Combined Joint Expeditionary Force (CJEF) has demonstrated its capabilities in the recently concluded Exercise ... The Anglo-French Combined Joint Expeditionary Force (CJEF) has demonstrated its capabilities in the recently concluded Exercise ... Task Force commander Royal Navy Rear Admiral Andrew Burns said: "Exercise Griffin Strike has built on the successes of similar ... The CJEF had its genesis in the Lancaster House Treaty between the UK and France in 2010. Through the treaty, the two ...
3 members of French special forces hurt in Mali mine blast - army | News24
Three members of the French special forces were injured this week in a landmine blast in northen Mali, an army spokesperson ... 3 members of French special forces hurt in Mali mine blast - army. 2015-10-15 13:39 ... The troops in Mali are part of a 3 000-strong French force fighting jihadists in west Africa in what is called Operation ... Paris - Three members of the French special forces were injured this week in a landmine blast in northern Mali, the ministry of ...
French, Dutch join forces to urge EU to show teeth on trade - EURACTIV.com
France and the Netherlands have joined forces to urge the European Union to enforce environmental and labour standards more ... French, Dutch join forces to urge EU to show teeth on trade. EURACTIV.com with Reuters ... France and the Netherlands have joined forces to urge the European Union to enforce environmental and labour standards more ... One response to "French, Dutch join forces to urge EU to show teeth on trade" ...
France: New rules on working time enter into force | Eurofound
2016-1088, was adopted by the French parliament on 21 July 2016 and signed into law by President François Hollande on 8 August ... Some trade unions, including the General Confederation of Labour (CGT) and Workers Force (FO), were strongly opposed to the ... However, more reformist organisations, such as the French Democratic Confederation of Labour (CFDT), felt the law could offer a ... including new rules on working time that came into force on 1 January 2017. ...
French forest fire consumes home, forces evacuations
... burning down at least one house and forcing dozens to flee their homes. ... A wildfire fanned by soaring temperatures tore through a pine forest in southwestern France on Thursday, ... French forest fire consumes home, forces evacuations. The fire rages in the Chiberta forest, in the southwestern French ... The southwest of France experienced particularly hot weather on Thursday, with the nearby town of Saint-Jean-de-Luz setting its ...
Dassault demonstrates nEUROn UCAV at French Air Force's air meet
Dassault demonstrates nEUROn UCAV at French Air Forces air meet. 7 June 2016 (Last Updated June 7th, 2016 18:30) ... demonstrator at an air meet organised by the French Air Force.. The nEUROn performed a 15-minute flight demonstration at ... demonstrator at an air meet organised by the French Air Force. ... Venezuelan Air Force receives Hongdu K8-W jet trainers. 12 Apr ... In May this year, French defence procurement agency DGA launched an additional series of tests to study the use of an unmanned ...
France's Tour de Force in City Biking | Momentum Mag
Frances Tour de Force in City Biking. Building one of the worlds great urban cycling nations. ... Challenges still remain for France, especially if the country wishes to continue to be the urbanist tour de force that is ... We look to France.. Nationally, France is the country moving the most quickly and most impressively towards once again taking ... Another key factor in Frances success is that in French society there is a clear separation between cycling for transportation ...
French Government Forced To Admit It 'Suppressed News Of Gruesome Torture' At Bataclan Massacre | Zero Hedge
... suppressed by the French government at the time and not released to the media, that the killers in the Bataclan tortured their ... French Government Forced To Admit It Suppressed News Of Gruesome Torture At Bataclan Massacre ... A French government committee has heard testimony, suppressed by the French government at the time and not published online ... A French government committee has heard testimony, ...
From Quebec to France: forced marriages still exist - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
How many forced marriages have occurred France and Quebec? "Its very hard to say," responds Lamboley. "There is no official ... Next, she plans to conduct a comparative study of France and Quebec; her goal is to interview 15 victims of forced marriage in ... France and the U.K. Lamboley stresses, however, the difference between arranged marriages and forced marriages. "In an arranged ... "In a forced marriage, there is no negotiation. The husband is imposed and she has no choice. If she refuses, she could be ...
Emmanuel Macron2017Operation BarkhaneForeign Minister Laurent FabiusExpeditionary ForceSoldiersOfficialsPresident Francois HollandeREUTERSTask forceFrancois HollandeMaliStatement from the French defenseIslamistWest AfricaPresident'sJacques ChiracAuthoritiesSahelTrumpAttacksMilitantsJean-Marc AyAlliesSpecial forcesPeacekeepersMilitary1995PresidentialSurrenderVictimsCountry'sDronesNigerDefenceMinistryDeployMissilesToulouseModernizationIsraeliCiviliansYearCountry1,000IranFacebookWarshipsPractice of forcedPandemicLebaneseCommandos1966
- In a phone call on Sunday, French President Emmanuel Macron and Niger's president pledged to clarify the circumstances of the deadly attack by "all means," the French presidency said. (wtop.com)
- FILE - In this May 19, 2017 file photo, a French soldier stands inside a military helicopter during a visit by French President Emmanuel Macron to the troops of Operation Barkhane. (wowktv.com)
- Emmanuel Macron, President of the French Republic, recently announced the donation of medical equipment from France to India as well as provision of technical expertise. (thedailyguardian.com)
- We are also happy to have also received a letter from the French President, H.E. Emmanuel Macron addressed to Hon'ble Prime Minister, expressing France's solidarity with India at this difficult time. (thedailyguardian.com)
- In addition, from a political perspective, the five Sahelian countries' commitment to combatting ISGS provided French President Emmanuel Macron justification for continuing French counter-terrorism operations in the region. (thecipherbrief.com)
- PARIS (AP) - French President Emmanuel Macron spoke Wednesday to the leaders of Russia and Iran and urged them to cooperate with the rest of the international community to restore stability in Lebanon. (ap.org)
- French President Emmanuel Macron visited the Mer de Glace glacier on Thursday, a rapidly-disappearing victim of climate change. (reuters.com)
- Niger's Interior Minister Alkache Alhada said Monday that the area around Koure has been cordoned off by Niger's army and French soldiers from Operation Barkhane. (wtop.com)
- Operation Barkhane takes over from the French military mission in Mali, which had wrested control from Islamists who had overrun the north of the former French colony. (thenationonlineng.net)
Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius2
- At Hollande's request, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius was to travel to Tripoli later Tuesday to assess the situation and bring home the two wounded French guards. (military.com)
- French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius (left), Ukrainian Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov attend a meeting on Ukraine in Berlin in August 2014. (rferl.org)
- The Anglo-French Combined Joint Expeditionary Force (CJEF) has demonstrated its capabilities in the recently concluded Exercise Griffin Strike off the coast of Scotland. (naval-technology.com)
- When British, Belgian and French forces were pushed back to the sea by the mobile and well-organised German operation, the British evacuated the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and several French divisions from Dunkirk in Operation Dynamo . (wikipedia.org)
- Under a Security Council resolution adopted last week, the U.N. force is to help 15,000 Lebanese soldiers take control of southern Lebanon as Israeli soldiers withdraw. (washingtonpost.com)
- France has deployed 5,100 soldiers to help fight the growing insurgency there, and a local Sahel force made up of soldiers from Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mauritania has also been fighting the extremists. (wtop.com)
- Hundreds of people demonstrated in several cities in Libya on Wednesday to protest against French military presence after France announced the killing of three of its soldiers in the country. (africanews.com)
- Nine French soldiers have died in Mali where 1 300 French military personnel are deployed to fight jihadists. (news24.com)
- Lebanon: Israel Tension Mounts In South Lebanon Following Guerrilla Attack On United Nations Forces In Which Three French Soldiers Died And Several Were Wounded. (britishpathe.com)
- SYNOPSIS: Reuters reports that three French soldiers died when their armoured car was destroyed in an ambush less than one kilometre from their barracks near the port of Tyre. (britishpathe.com)
- The group - the Popular Resistance Front for the Liberation of the South from Occupation and Fascism - said it would consider U.N. soldiers as enemy forces if they tried to forbid their fighters from striking at Israeli invasion forces. (britishpathe.com)
- The Grande Armée was a very large force, numbering 680,000 soldiers (including 300,000 of French departments). (wikipedia.org)
- Starvation and privation compelled French soldiers to leave their camps at night in search of food. (wikipedia.org)
- The U.N. peacekeeping force in Mali will be the third largest, behind deployments in Democratic Republic of Congo and Darfur in Sudan, and cost up to $800 million annually, U.N. officials say. (france24.com)
- UNITED NATIONS, Aug. 17 -- France on Thursday rebuffed pleas by U.N. officials to make a major contribution to a peacekeeping mission in southern Lebanon, setting back efforts to deploy an international military force to help police a cease-fire between Israel and Hezbollah, according to U.N. and French officials. (washingtonpost.com)
- At least eight NATO allies have backed France over the naval standoff, according to French officials. (ap.org)
- French officials say the coronavirus pandemic has further exposed the dangers of relying too much on competitors such as China for critical supplies and contributed to an increased wariness among EU nations such as the Netherlands and the Nordics that have long supported unrestricted free trade. (euractiv.com)
- The French intelligence report also added that its findings matched the results of the samples obtained by their officials, including an unexploded grenade from an attack in Saraqib on April 29, 2013. (yahoo.com)
- The strong explosion wounded two French guards and set off a fire at the embassy entrance that engulfed some of the offices inside, the officials said. (military.com)
- Two attackers invaded a church Tuesday during morning Mass near the Normandy city of Rouen, killing an 84-year-old priest by slitting his throat and taking hostages before being shot and killed by police, French officials said. (cbsnews.com)
- On January 16, leading French officials and members of the G5 Sahel (Mali, Niger, Chad, Mauritania, Burkina Faso) met in Pau, France to discuss the deteriorating security situation in West Africa. (thecipherbrief.com)
- Ukrainian officials say the foreign ministers of Ukraine, Russia, Germany, and France plan to speak by telephone on January 9 as part of diplomatic efforts to end the conflict in eastern Ukraine. (rferl.org)
- In fact, senior Pentagon officials said points of tension are likely to continue as China's military modernization allows Chinese forces, assets and platforms to extend further beyond their borders and therefore interact more frequently with other militaries. (military.com)
- German commanders met with French officials on 18 June to negotiate an end to hostilities. (wikipedia.org)
President Francois Hollande5
- PRESIDENT Francois Hollande wrapped up a three-day West African tour yesterday with a visit to the future headquarters of a new French force designed to combat religious violence. (thenationonlineng.net)
- TRIPOLI, Libya - A car bomb targeted the French embassy in the Libyan capital early Tuesday, wounding two French guards and a Libyan teenager in an attack that President Francois Hollande denounced as an assault not only against France but all countries engaged in the fight against terrorism. (military.com)
- In spite of the fighting near Gao, French President Francois Hollande said Wednesday that he intends to soon begin a drawn-down of French forces in Mali. (makedifferences.org)
- Makeyev said that a meeting of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and French President Francois Hollande 'could produce concrete results' and that diplomats were working on a 'draft document' the leaders could potentially sign. (rferl.org)
- Poroshenko said on December 29 that he would meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and French President Francois Hollande on January 15 in Astana. (rferl.org)
- France has ordered special forces to protect uranium sites run by state-owned Areva in Niger as the threat of attacks on its interests rises after its intervention against rebels in Mali, a military source said on Thursday, reports Reuters . (mediapart.fr)
- France and the Netherlands have joined forces to urge the European Union to enforce environmental and labour standards more forcefully with countries the bloc signs trade deals with, according to a document seen by Reuters. (euractiv.com)
- Countries for which this agenda was seen as very French a few months ago are now shifting," a French diplomatic source told Reuters. (euractiv.com)
- We know, from a certain source, that the process of fabrication of the samples taken is typical of the method developed in Syrian laboratories," French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault told reporters after presenting the findings to the cabinet, according to Reuters. (yahoo.com)
- The French intelligence services consider that only Bashar al-Assad and some of his most influential entourage can give the order to use chemical weapons," Reuters quoted the report as saying. (yahoo.com)
- Task Force commander Royal Navy Rear Admiral Andrew Burns said: "Exercise Griffin Strike has built on the successes of similar exercises since the Lancaster House Treaty and taken the CJEF capability to the next level. (naval-technology.com)
- The Task Force on Perspectives in Environment and Health was established in order to prepare the initiative to be taken by the Member States of the WHO European Region and international organizations and institutions. (who.int)
- The advice of the ministers participating in the Task Force is needed in order to reflect the opinion of those Member States, as well as to assist in formulating the long-term direction of action to be taken. (who.int)
- TEHRAN - Iran and France agreed on Friday to form a joint consultancy task force on transportation to accelerate cooperation in this sector, IRNA reported. (tehrantimes.com)
- Task force of WikiProject Films. (wikipedia.org)
- Task force of WikiProject Military history. (wikipedia.org)
- Task force aims to develop, maintain, and improve articles relating to the capital. (wikipedia.org)
- To set a strategy for getting finances to support Task Force activities. (eusem.org)
- The resolution contains a caveat that the creation of the peacekeeping force be subject to a review by the 15-member council of the security situation in Mali within 60 days of its adoption. (france24.com)
- France launched air attacks on Islamist rebels in Mali to prevent their advance into the south of the country. (wsj.com)
- Military sources say special forces to be sent to Niger uranium sites run by French state-owned company Areva as threat of attacks rise over Mali. (mediapart.fr)
- French ground forces and military helicopters killed a jihadist commander linked with al-Qaida in Mali along with four others, the French military announced Friday. (wowktv.com)
- Surveillance drones helped French forces in Mali identify Moussa's truck in the Menaka region of eastern Mali, which was then targeted by the helicopters and 15 French commandos sent to the scene, Barbry said. (wowktv.com)
- It was the latest of multiple French actions in Mali recent weeks that killed suspected extremists. (wowktv.com)
- Moussa was a Tuareg rebel fighter close to jihadi commander Iyad Ag Ghaly when extremists and rebel forces took control of northern Mali 2012. (wowktv.com)
- That prompted a French-led military operation in 2013 keep Mali from falling apart. (wowktv.com)
- After the Islamic extremist rebels were forced from power in northern Mali in 2013, they regrouped in the desert and now launch frequent attacks on the Malian army and its allies. (wowktv.com)
- Last week, al-Qaida's North Africa branch, Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb, or AQIM, threatened to seek revenge against all countries taking part in the French-led war in Mali, warning that no one who "participated in this ferocious attack" will be safe. (military.com)
Statement from the French defense1
- Jean-Yves Le Drian said Wednesday that French and Malian forces clashed with Islamist militants a day earlier near the city of Gao, and that French aircraft continue to carry out airstrikes against militant targets. (makedifferences.org)
- Gao is one of the northern cities French and Malian forces recaptured from Islamist militants last month, in an operation that began after militants started moving toward the capital, Bamako. (makedifferences.org)
- The French president's office released a statement later indicating he had not yielded. (washingtonpost.com)
- The French president's Elysee Palace told ABC News that it will "obviously do everything, in conjunction with our businesses, to protect their interests. (go.com)
- A new book equates the French president's rise to a revolution. (thenation.com)
- However, French authorities and the restaurant industry are seeking to change perceptions. (france24.com)
- The French authorities must immediately stop forced evictions affecting several thousand migrant Roma each year across the country, Amnesty International said in a report published today. (amnesty.org)
- This means that the French authorities must immediately stop all evictions until all the international human rights safeguards can be guaranteed to all inhabitants of informal settlements," said John Dalhuisen. (amnesty.org)
- The delicacy, long a feature on the menu of gourmet restaurants across the globe, is made by force-feeding geese to turn their livers to fat, a process long denounced as cruel by animal rights activists and increasingly viewed with unease by authorities in some western cities. (nationalpost.com)
- NICE, France (AP) - France called up thousands of reserve security forces Friday as authorities tried to determine why a Tunisian deliveryman known only to be a petty criminal took the wheel of a 19-ton truck and plunged through a terrified seaside crowd on Bastille Day, leaving 84 people dead and more than 200 wounded. (abcactionnews.com)
- France expects the Libyan authorities to shed the fullest light on this unacceptable act, so that the perpetrators are identified and brought to justice," Hollande added. (military.com)
- Earlier, Fabius called the bombing an "abhorrent act," and said that the foreign ministry was "in liaison with the Libyan authorities" and that France will "do everything it can to shed light on the circumstances. (military.com)
- NIAMEY, Niger (AP) - Unidentified gunmen killed six French aid workers and two Nigerien guides who were visiting a wildlife park east of Niger's capital early Sunday, authorities from both countries said. (ap.org)
- The French government has warned citizens against traveling outside Niger's capital, Niamey, as militants linked to Boko Haram, Islamic State and al-Qaida carry out attacks across the vast West African nation. (wtop.com)
- A Kazakh police officer blocks a street near the site of a firefight between Kazakh security forces and suspects linked to deadly attacks earlier this week on a National Guard base and several gun shops in Aqtobe. (rferl.org)
- Kazakh security forces have killed five suspected militants in Aqtobe, the northwestern city near the Russian border where dozens of gunmen carried out deadly attacks on June 5. (rferl.org)
- Security forces are continuing their search for other possible 'terrorists' suspected of involvement in the attacks, the National Security Committee said in its June 10 statement. (rferl.org)
- Monday's assault came just days after France marked a year since the attacks that left 17 people dead, including four gunned down in a Jewish supermarket. (yahoo.com)
- Israel has said its forces opened fire to protect the frontier from incursions and attacks by armed militants. (abc.net.au)
- The Turkey-PKK conflict has killed an estimated 40,000 people since 1984 and the resumption of hostilities in July 2015 killed more than 3,300 people, including state security forces, militants and civilians. (nationalpost.com)
- Srinagar, Sep 27 (PTI) An encounter broke out between security forces and militants in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir on Sunday, police said. (yahoo.com)
- Acting on specific information about the presence of militants in the Samboora area of Awantipora in the south Kashmir district, security forces launched a cordon and search operation there, a police official said. (yahoo.com)
- He said as the forces were conducting the searches in the area, the militants fired upon them. (yahoo.com)
- TEHRAN- A high-ranking French economic delegation, headed by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development Jean-Marc Ayrault is planned to attend Iran-France business forum at the place of Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture (ICCIMA) on Tuesday. (tehrantimes.com)
- Presidents Valéry Giscard d'Estaing and then François Mitterrand unsuccessfully tried to revive the Third Force, the latter doing so in a sense by pursuing a policy of "ouverture" toward the UDF after the failure of the Socialists and their allies to gain an outright majority in the French legislative election, 1988. (wikipedia.org)
- A ministry official said France wants NATO allies to "solemnly reaffirm their attachment" to the arms embargo on Libya, which is being policed in part by a European Union naval operation. (ap.org)
- Three members of the special forces were injured this week," ministry spokesperson Pierre Bayle said. (news24.com)
- Kazakhstan's National Security Committee announced that special forces stormed an apartment in Aqtobe on June 10 and killed four 'terrorists. (rferl.org)
- This section of the website provides an outline of the elite and special forces of the French Armed Forces. (bootcampmilitaryfitnessinstitute.com)
- Special Forces divers. (groupedci.com)
- Most of the African force, known as AFISMA, are likely to become peacekeepers, diplomats say. (france24.com)
- French forces would be able to intervene to support MINUSMA when peacekeepers are 'under imminent and serious threat and upon the request of the secretary-general,' according to the resolution. (france24.com)
- They would join more than 200 French peacekeepers already serving in the relatively small U.N. Interim Force in Lebanon, known as UNIFIL. (washingtonpost.com)
- France also has some 2,000 peacekeepers deployed in the Central African Republic, another former French colony riven by religious and ethnic conflict. (thenationonlineng.net)
- There exists in the country a very strict separation between the responsibility for the manufacture of weapons, which is incumbent on a civilian body - the Commissariat for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies - Directorate of Military Applications (CEA - DAM) under the authority from the Director of Military Applications - the DAM - and the Armed Forces, from the FOST - CFAS strategic ocean forces component. (globalsecurity.org)
- Since the 1970s, French industry has permanently conducted at least one civilian or military launcher development, which has allowed the maintenance of a world-leading know-how. (globalsecurity.org)
- The statement confirmed that France would send a company of 200 military engineers to Lebanon. (washingtonpost.com)
- To some extent, American aid also prevented France from turning towards the military application of nuclear energy. (globalsecurity.org)
- An ambulance sent by the French military stationed in Niger found the bodies later in the day in their burned-out vehicle in the giraffe reserve in Koure, the group said. (wtop.com)
- Through the treaty, the two governments envisaged the creation of a deployable military force capable of supporting high-intensity combat operations. (naval-technology.com)
- Hollande visited Niger and Ivory Coast earlier in the week, inspecting French military installations and meeting with fellow heads of state on security and development issues. (thenationonlineng.net)
- In a surprise raid on the communist People's Republic of China (PRC), military forces of the Nationalist Chinese government on Taiwan invade the mainland and capture the town of Sungmen. (history.com)
- Just eight months later, military forces from the PRC and the United States met on the battlefield in Korea. (history.com)
- By 1918, he'd already won the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM), Military Medal and Bar, as well as French honours. (itv.com)
- ATHENS, Greece (AP) - Greece's prime minister warmly thanked France Thursday for boosting its military presence in the eastern Mediterranean, where Greek and Turkish warships are closely shadowing each other over a Turkish energy exploration bid in waters Athens claims as its own. (ap.org)
- In France, training takes place at DCI's International Centre for Military Diver Training (CIF-PM) near Toulon on the Mediterranean. (groupedci.com)
- Democratic Force was a French centrist political party founded in 1995 by the merger between the centrist components of the Union for French Democracy (Union pour la démocratie française or UDF): the Christian-democratic Centre of Social Democrats and the Social Democratic Party. (wikipedia.org)
- To compensate the residents for the nuclear weapons tests from 1995 to 1996, France offered a 10-year $194-million annual compensation package. (infoplease.com)
- The Socialist Gaston Defferre and the Radical Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber advocated such an alliance in the 1960s, culminating in Defferre's disastrous candidacy in the French presidential election, 1969. (wikipedia.org)
- The early returns are in on the first round of the French Presidential elections, and they're no surprise: the Socialist candidate, François Hollande, comes out in first place, with just under twenty-nine per cent of the vote, followed by the incumbent President, Nicolas Sarkozy, of the moderate-right Union for a Popular Movement, with about twenty-six per cent (these are the latest figures from Le Monde ). (newyorker.com)
- There is a chronic shortage of adequate housing and emergency shelter for all who need it in France, but Roma, the victims of prejudice and discrimination in France - as much as elsewhere in Europe- are particularly vulnerable to violations of their internationally guaranteed right to adequate housing. (amnesty.org)
- After examining the videos and images of victims published online, (French intelligence services) were able to conclude with a high degree of confidence that the vast majority are recent and not fabricated," the report said. (usatoday.com)
- The victims were six French citizens and one Nigerien working for ACTED and Geneva-based IMPACT Initiatives. (wtop.com)
- her goal is to interview 15 victims of forced marriage in each region. (healthcanal.com)
- Earlier Wednesday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan reaffirmed his country's support to the Tripoli-based administration in Libya and without naming France, criticized nations who have backed the rival administration led by Hifter. (ap.org)
- In April 2011, faced with pending legislation from France meant to stabilize the country's political situation, a no-confidence vote was cast against the government of President Gaston Tong Sang. (infoplease.com)
- NIAMEY, Niger (AP) - Armed forces from Niger and France have been deployed to pursue the gunmen who killed seven aid workers, mostly French citizens, and a leading guide in a Niger giraffe park considered one of the safer places in the vast West African country. (wtop.com)
- One of the biggest French NGOs, ACTED has been present in Niger since 2010 and provides aid to displaced people and local populations who are particularly vulnerable due to conflicts in the region, lack of food and droughts. (wtop.com)
- at the meeting of the Defence Council on 17th June 1958, he confirmed the date of the first French nuclear explosion and decided to accelerate the French nuclear program. (globalsecurity.org)
- In May this year, French defence procurement agency DGA launched an additional series of tests to study the use of an unmanned combat air vehicle in a naval context. (airforce-technology.com)
- The French ministry official described the decision to suspend participation in Sea Guardian as "a very clear political gesture" to highlight "ambiguities of an anti-trafficking operation in which there are traffickers involved. (ap.org)
- DCI is the French Ministry of Armed forces operator for the transfer of the French armed forces know-how. (groupedci.com)
- TEHRAN - The Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman said on Wednesday that his country will not tolerate any interference in its internal affairs, rejecting the French presidents' call for an immediate release of two detainees who are in Iran's custody for security reasons. (tehrantimes.com)
- As of 2014, the Arms Control Associatio reported that France was estimated to have about 300 nuclear warheads, most of which are designed for delivery by submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBM). (globalsecurity.org)
- Hollande also unveiled the make-up of France s nuclear arsenal in a transparency drive by saying that the country had less than 300 nuclear warheads, three sets of 16 submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and 54 medium-range air-to-surface missiles. (globalsecurity.org)
- The current MSBS force is based on nuclear-powered submarines SNLE (Sous-marines Nucleaire Lanceur d'Engins balistique), each able to carry 16 missiles. (fas.org)
- The analysis was released hours after U.S., France and Britain fired 105 missiles at three chemical weapons facilities in Syria - and about an hour before the convening of an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council called for by Russia, a Syrian ally that disputes chemical weapons were used. (usatoday.com)
- TOULOUSE - In a barn in southwest France, farmer Valerie Fosserie squirts serum into a gosling's mouth as a prelude to what she says is production of the world's first ethically friendly foie gras. (nationalpost.com)
- In response, French scientists at research company Aviwell near Toulouse have developed an alternative version of the delicacy that uses bacteria - ingested by the goose as a serum - to stimulate a natural, rather than forced, build-up of fat. (nationalpost.com)
- The first A350-900 for Japan Airlines (JAL) has successfully completed its maiden flight in Toulouse, France. (airbus.com)
- Thirty-five children, two journalists, and three paramedics were among those killed by Israeli forces. (abc.net.au)
- United Nations investigators said on Thursday Israeli security forces may have committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in killing 189 Palestinians and wounding more than 6,100 at weekly protests in Gaza last year. (abc.net.au)
- The Israeli security forces killed and maimed Palestinian demonstrators who did not pose an imminent threat of death or serious injury to others when they were shot, nor were they directly participating in hostilities,' it said in its report. (abc.net.au)
- Thirty-five children, two journalists and three 'clearly-marked' paramedics were among those killed by Israeli forces, in violation of international humanitarian law, it said. (abc.net.au)
- France concludes the Assad regime was behind the April 7 chemical attack on civilians in the Douma suburb of Damascus, the first government confirmation. (usatoday.com)
- French report lays out the evidence: Assad forces conducted chemical attack on civilians France concludes the Assad regime was behind the April 7 chemical attack on civilians in the Douma suburb of Damascus, the first government confirmation. (usatoday.com)
- WASHINGTON - A report by France concludes the Assad regime was clearly behind the April 7 chemical attack on civilians in the Douma suburb of Damascus, the first detailed governmental assessment laying out the justification for the U.S.-led allied strikes on Syria. (usatoday.com)
- Beyond possible doubt, a chemical attack was carried out against civilians at Douma (and) there is no plausible scenario other than that of an attack by Syrian armed forces as part of a wider offensive in the Eastern Ghouta enclave," according to the report issued Saturday by the French government. (usatoday.com)
- The Third Force was also supported by the conservative National Centre of Independents and Peasants (CNIP), which succeeded in having its most popular figure, Antoine Pinay, named Prime Minister in 1952, a year after the dissolving of the Third Force coalition. (wikipedia.org)
- France has started withdrawing its 4,000-strong force and plans to have just 1,000 by the end of the year. (france24.com)
- As far as the financial balance sheet is concerned, reducing the format of the air component would reduce the flow of appropriations needed to keep planes and weapons in operational condition, representing a gain of a few tens of millions of euros per year for a squadron, a hundred million if France removed the entire air component. (globalsecurity.org)
- It forms part of an initiative launched by the French government in 2013, with the aim of reducing food wastage by 50 percent by the year 2025. (france24.com)
- In France, the obstacle is mostly cultural," a government-commissioned report into food wastage released this year said. (france24.com)
- A first five-year plan for the development of atomic energy prepared by Felix Gaillard, a member of the Pinay government (March 1952 to January 1953) was mainly intended to find a remedy for the French energy deficit. (globalsecurity.org)
- On 8th April 1992, President Francois Mitterrand, through his Prime Minister, announced the suspension of French nuclear tests that year. (globalsecurity.org)
- Oracle is a Leader in the Gartner Magic Quadrant for Sales Force Automation-for the fourth consecutive year. (oracle.com)
- In August this year, the current French government has issued a circular outlining best practice guidelines on steps to be taken prior to and during evictions. (amnesty.org)
- Rival forces under the command of Khalifa Hifter, who launched an offensive on Tripoli last year, are supported by Russia, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and other key Arab countries. (ap.org)
- On March 18, 1962, France and the leaders of the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) sign a peace agreement to end the seven-year Algerian War, signaling the end of 130 years of colonial French rule in Algeria. (history.com)
- Anti-Semitic acts in France have soared in recent years, increasing by 84 percent in the period between January 2015 and May 2015 compared to a year earlier, according to official statistics. (yahoo.com)
- As a result, emigration from France to Israel has spiked, with a record 7,900 people leaving last year. (yahoo.com)
- Johannesburg -The 4-year-old toddler allegedly forced to smoke dagga by an older brother has been found, the Western Cape social development department said on Wednesday. (news24.com)
- WikiLeaks has published yet another set of leaked internal documents from within the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) adding even more material to the mountain of evidence that we've been lied to about an alleged chemical weapons attack in Douma, Syria last year which resulted in airstrikes upon that nation from the US, UK and France. (whatreallyhappened.com)
- Long seen as an affront to dining etiquette, doggy bags may finally become an established part of eating out in France with restaurants across the country now legally obliged to provide them. (france24.com)
- As non-French EU citizens, they are prohibited by French law from staying in the country for more than three months unless they are employed or can demonstrate sufficient resources to support themselves. (amnesty.org)
- Nationally, France is the country moving the most quickly and most impressively towards once again taking the bicycle seriously as a form of transportation. (momentummag.com)
- La Rochelle remains my favorite city in France and is one of the reasons why the country has been ahead of the curve in transportation planning for quite some time. (momentummag.com)
- France which already has 1,000 men in the country -- the largest single national unit -- has announced it is prepared to send another 500 men to increase the peace-keeping contingent. (britishpathe.com)
- France is the G20 country which is closest to the goal of being quite prosperous on the one hand and keeping its per-capita carbon emissions relatively low on the other. (dbresearch.de)
- Training takes place in France and/or the friendly country, depending on the available facilities. (groupedci.com)
- In 2004, France changed its status from a French Overseas Territory to an Overseas Country, which gave French Polynesia more autonomy over local affairs. (infoplease.com)
- TEHRAN - Iran and France have called for devising a roadmap towards boosting medical and scientific cooperation, IRNA reported on Saturday. (tehrantimes.com)
- TEHRAN- A French agricultural delegation will discuss agriculture, foodstuff, and poultry cooperation with Iranian entrepreneurs at the place of Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture (ICCIMA) today, IRNA reported. (tehrantimes.com)
- Banque de France to finance Iran-France projects: French fin. (tehrantimes.com)
- TEHRAN - Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (IRIR) and French National Railway Company SNCF signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on Sunday for enhancement of railway cooperation, IRIB reported. (tehrantimes.com)
Practice of forced2
- However the practice of forced evictions has continued at the same alarming rate as before" said John Dalhuisen, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director at Amnesty International. (amnesty.org)
- The practice of forced marriages is common in many countries, says Lamboley, including Bangladesh and India. (healthcanal.com)
- The involvement of the traditionally strongly pro-free trade Dutch underscores a shift in European thinking on the need to protect domestic industry and jobs, a French diplomat said, as the coronavirus pandemic batters the global economy. (euractiv.com)
- Prime minister Jüri Ratas (Center) thanked the outgoing Polish forces on his social media account, and welcomed the incoming French ones, who had to make use of European rail networks in bringing their equipment to Estonia amid the coronavirus pandemic and restrictions. (err.ee)
- As longstanding strategic partners, France and India are working together closely on the international response to the Covid-19 pandemic as well as providing reciprocal assistance according to the needs of the two countries. (thedailyguardian.com)
- An MEA source told The Daily Guardian, "France is an important strategic partner for India and in view of our very friendly relationship and close cooperation on various issues, India had provided at short notice, certain life-saving drugs to France in their time of need to help them deal with the pandemic. (thedailyguardian.com)
- France has now provided medical equipment and expertise to India for our response to the Covid-19 pandemic and it is a happy coincidence that this equipment has arrived at the same time as the Rafale jets land. (thedailyguardian.com)
- The India-France partnership will be even more crucial in the post-pandemic scenario including in the domain of humanitarian assistance. (thedailyguardian.com)
- Addressing potential troop contributors, the U.N. deputy secretary general, Mark Malloch Brown, said no U.N. task in Lebanon was "more urgent, nor more fundamental to preserving peace" than sending a "strong, robust force" to help the Lebanese army assert its authority over south Lebanon for the first time in more than 25 years. (washingtonpost.com)