Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Food Hypersensitivity: Gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Fast Foods: Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.Food Deprivation: The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Food, Genetically Modified: Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Food, Preserved: Food that has been prepared and stored in a way to prevent spoilage.Food Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Infant Food: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.Functional Food: Components of the usual diet that may provide health benefits beyond basic nutrients. Examples of functional foods include soy, nuts, chocolate, and cranberries (From NCCAM Backgrounder, March 2004, p3).Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Soy Foods: Foods made from SOYBEANS. Health benefits are ascribed to the high levels of DIETARY PROTEINS and ISOFLAVONES.Food, Formulated: Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Foods, Specialized: Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.Food Assistance: Food or financial assistance for food given to those in need.Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.Staphylococcal Food Poisoning: Poisoning by staphylococcal toxins present in contaminated food.Hunger: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.Food, Organic: Food that is grown or manufactured in accordance with nationally regulated production standards that include restrictions on the use of pesticides, non-organic fertilizers, genetic engineering, growth hormones, irradiation, antibiotics, and non-organic ingredients.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Food Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Food Service, Hospital: Hospital department that manages and supervises the dietary program in accordance with the patients' requirements.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Food Quality: Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Appetite: Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)RestaurantsCommerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Appetite Regulation: Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.Satiation: Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Satiety Response: Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Cooking: The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.Dairy Products: Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.Frozen FoodsConsumer Product SafetyNutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Eggs: Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Taste: The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Meat Products: Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Food Irradiation: Treatment of food with RADIATION.Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.United StatesNutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Hyperphagia: Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.United States Department of Agriculture: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.Food-Drug Interactions: The pharmacological result, either desirable or undesirable, of drugs interacting with components of the diet. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Food Contamination, RadioactiveDietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Snacks: Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.Menu PlanningDrinking: The consumption of liquids.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Candy: Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Hypothalamus: Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Arachis hypogaea: A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Cheese: A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.Anorexia: The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Ghrelin: A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Appetite Depressants: Agents that are used to suppress appetite.Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.Micronutrients: Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.Egg Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to eggs that is triggered by the immune system.Poultry Products: Food products manufactured from poultry.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Meals: A portion of the food eaten for the day, usually at regular occasions during the day.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Spices: The dried seeds, bark, root, stems, buds, leaves, or fruit of aromatic plants used to season food.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Fasting: Abstaining from all food.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Fish Products: Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Nuts: Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.Milk Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to milk (usually cow's milk) or milk products. MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY should be differentiated from LACTOSE INTOLERANCE, an intolerance to milk as a result of congenital deficiency of lactase.Columbidae: Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.Lunch: The meal taken at midday.Device Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Seafood: Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.Schools: Educational institutions.Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood: Mental disorders related to feeding and eating usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood.Flavoring Agents: Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Injections, Intraventricular: Injections into the cerebral ventricles.Salmonella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Carbonated Beverages: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.Neuropeptide Y: A 36-amino acid peptide present in many organs and in many sympathetic noradrenergic neurons. It has vasoconstrictor and natriuretic activity and regulates local blood flow, glandular secretion, and smooth muscle activity. The peptide also stimulates feeding and drinking behavior and influences secretion of pituitary hormones.Peanut Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to peanuts that is triggered by the immune system.Immunoglobulin E: An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Glycemic Index: A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.Allergens: Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).Dietetics: The application of nutritional principles to regulation of the diet and feeding persons or groups of persons.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Waste Products: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Nunavut: A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Cholecystokinin: A peptide, of about 33 amino acids, secreted by the upper INTESTINAL MUCOSA and also found in the central nervous system. It causes gallbladder contraction, release of pancreatic exocrine (or digestive) enzymes, and affects other gastrointestinal functions. Cholecystokinin may be the mediator of satiety.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Skin Tests: Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.Agouti-Related Protein: A secreted protein of approximately 131 amino acids that is related to AGOUTI SIGNALING PROTEIN and is also an antagonist of MELANOCORTIN RECEPTOR activity. It is expressed primarily in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the ADRENAL GLAND. As a paracrine signaling molecule, AGRP is known to regulate food intake and body weight. Elevated AGRP has been associated with OBESITY.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Nut Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to tree nuts that is triggered by the immune system.Arcuate Nucleus: A nucleus located in the middle hypothalamus in the most ventral part of the third ventricle near the entrance of the infundibular recess. Its small cells are in close contact with the ependyma.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.JapanRats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Caloric Restriction: Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.Cooking and Eating UtensilsAdministration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Pesticide Residues: Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
As food additives, tartrates are used as antioxidants, acidity regulators, and emulsifiers. Examples include ... forms of tartrates used commercially are pure crystalline tartaric acid used as an acidulant in non-alcoholic drinks and foods ...
Topics studied include: climatic requirements, fruit drop, nutrition, ripening, fruit set. The production of food crops also ... Food production[edit]. Further information: Agriculture and Horticulture. In horticulture and agriculture along with food ... Plant pigments include a variety of different kinds of molecules, including porphyrins, carotenoids, and anthocyanins. All ... This includes study at many levels of scale of size and time. At the smallest scale are molecular interactions of ...
Other examples of bulking fiber sources used in functional foods and supplements include cellulose, guar gum and xanthan gum. ... Office of Nutrition and Food Labeling, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration. ... "Comp Rev Food Sci Food Safety. 3 (3): 73-92. doi:10.1111/j.1541-4337.2002.tb00009.x.. ... Gel structure of food biopolymers In: Food Structure, its creation and evaluation.JMV Blanshard and JR Mitchell, eds. 1988 pp. ...
Common causes of rashes include: *Food allergy. *Medication side effects[1][2] ... Usually start on arms and legs including the hands and feet Lupus erythematosus A butterfly rash with achy joints Forehead and ... Points to note in the examination include: *The appearance: e.g., purpuric (typical of vasculitis and meningococcal disease), ... Guide to rashes on Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia - includes photographs. *Links to pictures of skin rashes (Hardin MD/Univ ...
Fluorescence-based methods include such things as direct labeling with a fluorescent dye like calcein or labeling with europium ... There are also enzymatic-based assays in which the contents of the lysed cells includes cellular enzymes like GAPDH that remain ... Food allergy *common allergies include: Milk. *Egg. *Peanut. *Tree nut. *Seafood. *Soy ...
Food allergy *common allergies include: Milk. *Egg. *Peanut. *Tree nut. *Seafood. *Soy ...
These ligands include B cell receptor (for antigen), IgG Fc receptors, CD21, which binds complement C3d, Toll-like receptors 9 ... This study involved monitoring of food intake through questionnaires, and estimated antioxidant intake on this basis, rather ... Because most human cells and tissues have receptors for vitamin D, including T and B cells, adequate levels of vitamin D can ... Systemic autoimmune diseases include SLE, Sjögren's syndrome, sarcoidosis, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, cryoglobulinemic ...
In order of incidence, the types include ABO, anti-RhD, anti-RhE, anti-Rhc, anti-Rhe, anti-RhC, multiantigen combinations, and ... Similar conditions include acquired hemolytic anemia, congenital toxoplasma, congenital syphilis infection, congenital ... Signs of hemolytic disease of the newborn include a positive direct Coombs test (also called direct agglutination test), ... After birth, treatment depends on the severity of the condition, but could include temperature stabilization and monitoring, ...
Lymphocytes of specific immunity T cells-including the subclasses helper T cells and killer T cells-and B cells. ... Risk factors include prior acute rejection episodes, gastroesophageal reflux disease, acute infections, particular age groups, ... The marrow's hematopoietic stem cells-the reservoir of stem cells replenishing exhausted blood cells including white blood ... Lymphocytes include two classes that enact adaptive immunity, also called specific immunity. ...
These drugs include cyclophosphamide and mycophenolate. Hydroxychloroquine was approved by the FDA for lupus in 1955.[83] Some ... The criteria include symptoms that the person can identify (e.g. pain) and things that a physician can detect in a physical ... Diseases of the skin including the Exanthemata (Vol. 1 ed.). London, England: The New Sydenham Society. pp. 114-116.. ... Thus triggers may include viruses, bacteria, allergens (IgE and other hypersensitivity), and can be aggravated by environmental ...
High-risk groups include recent contacts, those with HIV, those with chest radiograph with fibrotic changes, organ transplant ... Alternative criteria include increases of 6, 12, 15 or 18 mm.[9] ... Food allergy *common allergies include: Milk. *Egg. *Peanut. * ...
... food and physical activity. Symptoms include excess sweating, excessive hunger, fainting, fatigue, lightheadedness and ... paratuberculosis in dairy products, meat, and drinking water". Journal of food protection. 74 (3): 480-99. doi:10.4315/0362- ... Studies find a significant prevalence of sexual problems in diabetic women,[73] including reduced sensation in the genitals, ... These include ordinary health screening, detection of hyperglycemia during other medical investigations, and secondary symptoms ...
Physiotherapy interventions include strength, endurance and gait training with graduated increases in mobility, maintenance of ... Other diagnostic entities are often included in the spectrum of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis, ... and include back pain, painful tingling, muscle pain and pain in the head and neck relating to irritation of the lining of the ... Teams may include physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech language pathologists, social workers, psychologists, ...
If left untreated, more serious complications could result, including birth defects in pregnancy, increased risk of a ... The most dangerous side effect is agranulocytosis (1/250, more in PTU). Others include granulocytopenia (dose-dependent, which ... Graves' disease is often accompanied by an increase in heart rate, which may lead to further heart complications, including ... Genes believed to be involved include those for thyroglobulin, thyrotropin receptor, protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor ...
The T cells produce an excess of cytokines, including TNF-α and interferon-gamma (IFNγ). A wide range of host antigens can ... Graft versus host disease has been implicated in eliminating several cases of HIV, including The Berlin Patient and 6 others in ... Newer research indicates that other graft-versus-host-disease target organs include the immune system (the hematopoietic system ... It is almost entirely preventable by controlled irradiation of blood products to inactivate the white blood cells (including ...
... including physical, mental, and sometimes psychiatric problems.[5][8][9] Specific symptoms can include double vision, blindness ... US Food and Drug Agency. 27 March 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.. "NDA ... US Food and Drug Agency. 27 March 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.. ... This includes the use of new preparations such as the PEGylated version of interferon-β-1a, which it is hoped may be given at ...
Many mammals can be afflicted, including dogs, cats, pigs, and horses, as well as humans. It is very rare in dogs; on average, ... Treatments include class I topical steroids (clobetasol, halobetasol, etc.) which in some studies have proven to be equally ... including neutrophils, lymphocytes and eosinophils coming to the affected area. Unclear events subsequently result in a ... including furosemide, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, captopril, penicillamine, and antibiotics.[3] ...
Other traditional foods from the area include:. *Black peas, also known as parched peas: popular in Darwen, Bolton and Preston. ... Not including sixth form colleges, there are 77 state schools (not including Burnley's new schools) and 24 independent schools ... "EU Protected Food Names Scheme: Beacon Fell traditional Lancashire cheese". Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs ... In the Domesday Book, land between the Ribble and Mersey were known as "Inter Ripam et Mersam"[8][9] and included in the ...
Food preparation[edit]. Food uses of sodium hydroxide include washing or chemical peeling of fruits and vegetables, chocolate ... Specific foods processed with sodium hydroxide include: *German pretzels are poached in a boiling sodium carbonate solution or ... "National Center for Home Food Preservation.. *^ "Olives: Safe Methods for Home Pickling (application/pdf Object)" (PDF). ucanr. ... These stages include oxygen delignification, oxidative extraction, and simple extraction, all of which require a strong ...
Pieces may include quarters, or fourths of the chicken. A chicken is typically cut into two leg quarters and two breast ... a b c d e f g h i j Home / Fact Sheets / Safe Food Handling / Freezing and Food Safety from USDA Food Safety and Inspection ... The Food and Drug Administration. The Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 2 February 2016.. ... If a package has accidentally been torn or has opened while food is in the freezer, the food is still safe to use, but it is ...
Enough food and water to last for at least 72 hours. This includes: *Water for washing, drinking and cooking. Canada recommends ... Lundin, Cody (September 2007). "Chapter 3 (Includes a Bug Out Kit list)". When All Hell Breaks Loose: Stuff You Need To Survive ... The suggested contents of a bug-out bag vary, but most of the following are usually included:[1][15][16][17] ... The get me home kit can include, for example, enough water to get home, suitable walking shoes, a map (not electronic), enough ...
Departments included spurs and saddles; appliances; a travel agency; an Oriental rug gallery; a lending library; a bakery; ... gourmet foods; books, toys and even a large postage stamp collecting area. Joske's flagship store also featured the Camellia ... At the time, Allied's Joske's division had 6,200 employees, including 800 at its corporate offices, and 27 stores. In the wake ... Even with the division of the building into other uses, portions of the structure, including the old "bargain basement," remain ...
Anchor tenants include Joseph-Beth Booksellers, one of the region's largest bookstores; Whole Foods; LOFT; Evereve; Black ... The space was later renovated and occupied by Wild Oats Markets,and later changed to Whole Foods Market. CompUSA and Disc ...
As a result, Tom's Foods had declared bankruptcy. In 2005, Lance Inc. won the bid to acquire Tom's Foods for $37,9 million plus ... Tom's products include potato chips, corn chips, fries, tortilla chips, and pork skins. Additionally, Bugles are manufactured ... "The management of TOM'S Foods Inc., a snack food manufacturer, announced Tuesday it has reached an agreement to purchase the ... In 1966, General Mills acquired Tom's for US $75 million, and changed the name to "Tom's Foods". In the 1970s, General Mills ...
The Cameo Creme is a chocolate sandwich biscuit with a coconut cream filling made by Griffin's Foods of New Zealand. Cameo ... Alternative flavours that were available previously included Jaffa and Mint Creme. Cameo Cremes are made with wheat flour, ... "Cameo Creme 250g". Griffin's Foods. Retrieved 10 October 2014. Official website. ...
One of the main voice actresses for it included Mary Kay Bergman. In 2007, Mrs. Butterworth was used in a series of ads for ... Butterworth's is an American brand of syrups and pancake mixes owned by Pinnacle Foods. The syrups come in distinctive bottles ... Pancakes Waffles French Toast Breakfast Ice Cream "Our History". Pinnacle Foods. Retrieved 10 July 2015. CNN obituary for Mary ...
... s also seem to have existed in a few other major metropolitan areas, including a SSS started in ... Love learning, which is the food of the mind; be as grateful to your teacher as to your parents. ... including some specifically designated as "Socialist Sunday Schools."[18] Some of these Workmen's Circle schools eventually ... including an extensive proposed list of books for SSS libraries.[16] ...
The company was also included[when?] as one of "10 Great Franchise Deals" in an article by Daniel P. Smith in QSR Magazine. " ... Prepared Foods. Gorman Publishing Company. 2008. p. 61. Retrieved December 10, 2017. "Saladworks chain bought by buyout firm". ... Changes include refrigerated salad display cases, the omission of menu boards, diffused artificial lighting to emulate daylight ... Saladworks began franchising in 2001, and by 2007 had 88 locations in eight states, including Pennsylvania, New Jersey, ...
Food Standards Agency (FSA). Its shocking findings include that there are no differences in nutritional quality between ... Organic Food and Safety. The Top Five Benefits of Natural Organic Pet Food For Your Dog. Revised Food Pyramid Triples Fruit and ... Chew News, Green Living, Nutrition + Wellness, Organic, Organic Food, Organic Food Recipes. No Nutritional Difference Between ... Are Children and Infants Most in Need of Organic Foods?. Organic Foods: A Healthy Return on Investment. Organic Gardening 101 ...
Some of these important phytonutrients include: Inositol Phosphates (Phytates); Lignans (Phytoestrogens); Isothiocyanates and ... This particular study strangely concluded that organically grown food has the same nutrition than conventionally grown food. ... Organic food is a controversial topic and this review is a positive follow up to the poorly constructed study published by ... It has been proven that organic food does contain more Vitamin C and other antioxidants that protect the plant naturally. When ...
Global Industry Guide is an essential resource for top-level data and analysis covering the Organic Food industry. It includes ... The global organic food market grew by 9.7% in 2009 to reach a value of $60 billion.. In 2014, the global organic food market ... US Organic Food Market Analysis. http:/. /. www.bharatbook.com/. detail.asp?id=157911&rt=US-Organic-Food-Market-Analysis.html ... Organic Food Market in India 2010. http:/. /. www.bharatbook.com/. detail.asp?id=133878&rt=Organic-Food-Market-in-India-2010. ...
Going back in time, all farming, including grape farming is organic; however, the fact to consider is that most vineyards are ... Wines however were not included on the organic list until Hallcrest Vineyards challenged the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and ... The 1990 National Organic Foods Act was the first effort towards protection of handler, retailers, processors, producers, and ... consumers of organic food materials on the assumption that they are organic. Under the act, for fermented beverages, a ...
Certificate Program in Food Science Chennai, Colleges for Undergraduate Course on Nutrition in India, Nutritionist Course in ... Central Food Technological Research Institute - Madurai Kamaraj University - University ... Further details including eligibility criteria can be had from the University.. Last Date : August. ... Central Food Technological Research Institute ( University of Mysore ), offers PG Degree and Short - Term Course in Food ...
Some people may benefit from avoiding foods rich in cholesterol. However, it may be a better idea to choose foods containing ... Here, learn which foods to avoid and more. ... Foods to include. It is important to note that a completely fat ... Fried food, baked goods, and packaged foods often contain trans fats.. While avoiding foods with high cholesterol content may ... Foods with high cholesterol to avoid and include. Medically reviewed by Natalie Butler, R.D., L.D. on. November 21, 2018. - ...
Many pet food manufacturers, including [a] site run by a pet food industry group, say that they are not using rendered pets to ... Pet Food Includes Rendered Euthanized Pets?. Rumors about the presence of the rendered remains of cats and dogs in pet food ... "The True Horrors of Pet Food Revealed: Prepare to Be Shocked by What Goes Into Dog Food and Cat Food.". Natural News. 21 ... serve as raw materials for thousands of items that include cosmetics and pet food." There were the usual denials by pet food ...
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food. Perform duties which combine preparing and serving ... food and nonalcoholic beverages.. National estimates for this occupation. Industry profile for this occupation. Geographic ...
A lot great anti-inflammatory compounds are present in some special food items. ... 8 Anti-Inflammatory Foods to Include In Your Diet Trending in Health. 1 How to Get the Best Deep Sleep (And Why Its Important) ... 8 Anti-Inflammatory Foods to Include In Your Diet. Chuck Freeman. Read full profile ... Here are the 8 most powerful and delicious anti-inflammatory foods that you should include in your diet in order to prevent or ...
TOPICS: Food; Health/Medicine. KEYWORDS: clinton; dna; epa; fda; food; gmo; michaeltaylor; monsanto; rna; usda Navigation: use ... You Are What You Eat: Genetically Modified Foods Include Information Smart Publications ^ , January 14, 2012 , John ... I am an adult and I can pick my own foods with out anyones help. Since we do not have anything in our food chain that is not ... Don t expect the GMO food industry itself to begin looking for answers to these questions anytime soon. As food writer Ari ...
... foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids must be included in ones daily diet as they are loaded with health benefiting properties ... Include These 5 Omega-3-Rich Foods In Your Daily Diet. When it comes to balanced diet, foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids must ... When it comes to balanced diet, foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids must be included in ones daily diet as they are loaded with ... This nutrient-dense food contains large amounts of high-quality protein and omega-3 fatty acids. As per various studies, ...
... According to the Calorie Control Council, Americans may consume ... You can include numerous holiday foods in your menu that will please everyone by simply making small changes they likely wont ... Here is my list of the top holiday foods to include in the menu. ... Healthy Holiday Foods to Include at Your Thanksgiving Table. * ... Arkansas Food and Nutrition Resources. The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service is an equal opportunity/equal access/ ...
What foods would William Faulkner have eaten and How old was William Faulkner at death ...
... materials and testing samples for development and performance control of methods for the detection of pathogens in food. ... Biological food safety; pathogens including TSE. Project ID: 1112. Gefördert unter: FP6-JRC ... As the first Food PCR SCA the project will include partners form the Candidate Countries. 1.4 Evaluation of needs of CRLs and ... 1.3 Production of standardised nucleic acids for the BioResource Centre in the frame of the shared cost action Food PCR 2. ...
Portland Whole Foods included in beef recall. There is no indication the slaughtered cattle showed signs of mad cow disease, ... The USDA recalled the beef at 34 Whole Foods stores throughout New England, including the only store in Maine, in downtown ... The USDAs Food Safety and Inspection Service found the possible problem while reviewing the companys slaughter logs and said ... The recalled products include: quartered beef carcasses stamped with the USDA mark of inspection and establishment number "EST ...
... and it should include protein. Protein foods can help to reduce weight and maintain a healthy weight, as... ... These are not necessarily protein foods, but they include snacks that are made using natural meats and gluten free food items ... Use this time around to include foods in your diet that will not only assist you to lose weight and feel light, but will also ... How to Include More Protein Foods In Your Diet?Not Rated Yet ... Food & Drinks. *How to Include More Protein Foods In Your Diet? ...
... people suffering from arthritis also need to take care of their diet since certain foods that are inflammatory in nature and ... These foods include coffee, excessive salt and preservatives, red meat, processed foods, fried foods, dairy products and ... Also read: Osteoarthritis: 7 Best Foods. Have a look at the foods which should be included in your diet if you are suffering ... These Are The Foods You Should Include In Your Diet If You Have Arthritis. Arthritis can be treated with a significant ...
Nielsens breakthrough innovation winners include 15 food, beverage products. Nielsen Global Connect has released its Top 25 ... Institute of Food Technologists. The Institute of Food Technologists is a registered 501(c) 3 organization EIN 36-2136957. ... Annual Event & Food ExpoOnline CommunityIFT MarketplaceServices DirectoryFind a JobFeeding Tomorrow Foundation ... Annual Event & Food ExpoOnline CommunityIFT MarketplaceServices DirectoryFind a JobFeeding Tomorrow Foundation ...
Survivalist Food adds New Wise Survival Food including Freeze Dried Vegetables, Fruit & Meat to its Line of Emergency ... Survivalist Food adds New Wise Survival Food including Freeze Dried Vegetables, Fruit & Meat to its Line of Emergency Food ... New Wise Survival Foods Now Available Including Freeze Dried Vegetables, Fruit & Meat at Survivalist Food. ... With a variety of great tasting emergency food storage, Wise food customers dont dread having to eat their food storage, but ...
These eight foods and food groups account for 90 percent of all food allergies. ... The new standard will be compulsory nationwide, and is the first time that the country has included allergens in food safety ... Its nice to see a step in the right direction for food safety infrastructure in China.. Read more on Chinas food scandals ... Food authorities will soon require prepackaged food producers to list all potential allergy-inducing ingredients on their ...
Looking to add some healthy foods to your diet? These four are chock full of vitamins and minerals and have a wide array of ... It should make its way into your food, too, since it is an excellent source of calcium, iodine, vitamin A and a host of other ... Looking to add some healthy foods to your diet? The four listed below are chock full of vitamins and minerals and have a wide ...
... Added August 5, 2018, Under: Diets, Natural remedies ... Home / Health Blog / Diets / Include Potassium Rich Foods in your Diet to Help with Cellulite ... These top ten foods in your diet will add potassium. Many of us think having bananas regularly will give us what we need but ... This is a potassium-rich food in liquid form, a beverage that is high in electrolytes like potassium but not too high in sugar ...
... immune-boosting foods like medicinal mushrooms (such as maitake and reishi) and astragalus root. ... Whether you want to learn how to grow and raise your own food, build your own root cellar, or create a green dream home, come ... This means it contains proven, immune-boosting foods like medicinal mushrooms (such as maitake and reishi) and astragalus root. ... a cold is one that contains fresh or dried versions of these mushrooms along with astragalus and other immune boosting foods ...
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Food Safety News More Headlines from Food Policy & Law ». Tags: Current Good Manufacturing Practices, drug residues in dairy ... Food Recalls /sections/food-recalls/feed/ * Speck prosciutto and salami recalled for Salmonella contamination ... A variety of violations of federal laws are the topic of warning letters recently sent to food companies by the U.S. Food and ... Updated Food Recall Warning (Clostridium botulinum) - Imperial Caviar & Seafood and VIP Caviar Club brand Trout Roe*Food Recall ...
  • The FDA is alerting pet owners to a history of five recalls of and multiple complaints associated with Darwin's Natural Selections and Darwin's ZooLogics pet foods, manufactured by Arrow Reliance Inc., dba Darwin's Natural Pet Products, over the period from October 17, 2016 to March 26, 2018. (fda.gov)
  • As part of an ongoing investigation into complaints associated with products manufactured by Arrow Reliance/Darwin's Natural of Tukwila, WA, the FDA announced on February 13, 2018, that samples of Darwin's Natural Pet Products raw pet foods tested positive for Salmonella . (fda.gov)
  • On October 24, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil) for the treatment of acute uncomplicated influenza in patients 12 years of age and older who have been symptomatic for no more than 48 hours. (mondaq.com)
  • The Food Standards Agency welcomes stakeholders' views on the proposed Materials and Articles in Contact with Food (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2018 which will amend the Materials and Articles in Contact with Food Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2012. (rssl.com)
  • The purpose of the proposed Regulations is to provide for the enforcement in Northern Ireland of Regulation (EU) 2018/213 in relation to the use of Bisphenol A (BPA) in varnishes and coatings that are in contact with food and in plastic food contact materials. (rssl.com)
  • Data sources include Micromedex® (updated Jan 31st, 2018), Cerner Multum™ (updated Feb 2nd, 2018), Wolters Kluwer™ (updated Feb 2nd, 2018) and others. (drugs.com)
  • Data sources include Micromedex® (updated Feb 28th, 2018), Cerner Multum™ (updated Mar 1st, 2018), Wolters Kluwer™ (updated Mar 1st, 2018) and others. (drugs.com)
  • Some of the best fruits include papaya, which contains papain, and pineapple, which contains bromelain. (ndtv.com)
  • Fruits can also be incorporated into many types of foods - whether it is for a dessert, a small appetizer, or even in the main course. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Foods such as oily fish (salmon, mackerel), nuts, olive oil, coconut oil and fruits such as avocados need to be consumed. (epainassist.com)
  • So it'll be a boozy night for sure, but you won't be drinking on an empty stomach!At every stop there will be delicious Brazilian food - from tasty traditional bar snacks to exotic Brazilian fruits and innovative new creations from up-and-coming young chefs. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Street food in Thailand brings together various offerings of ready-to-eat meals, snacks, fruits and drinks sold by hawkers or vendors at food stalls or food carts on the street side in Thailand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, selling food is a common economic activity in old Siam, as various ingredients, fruits and traditional delicacies was offered on boats in canals as "floating market" as early as the Ayutthaya Period (1350-1767). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other sweet mofo include a deep-fried doughnut called menakely and a fried dough ball called mofo baolina, as well as a variety of fruit fritters, with pineapple and bananas among the most common fruits used. (wikipedia.org)
  • The safety and tolerability of SpoonfulOne shown in this study provide highly reliable data for parents and pediatricians seeking scientifically robust findings in support of the benefits of feeding infants multiple, potentially allergenic foods contained in SpoonfulOne early and consistently. (pharmiweb.com)
  • SpoonfulOne consists of a patented formula that was developed based on science demonstrating that an "early and often" approach to incorporating potentially allergenic foods into children's diets may reduce the risk of developing a food allergy. (pharmiweb.com)
  • The data from the I'M EATING study provide further evidence that the specific SpoonfulOne formula containing sixteen of the most commonly allergenic foods is well-tolerated by infants," said Dr. Wendy Sue Swanson, pediatrician, Chief Medical Officer, Before Brands, Inc. and Chief of Digital Innovation, Seattle Children's Hospital. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Beans can also be easily coupled with any of the above foods to create a delicious, filling, cholesterol-friendly meal. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The Pictsweet Company is voluntarily recalling certain frozen vegetable products because they contain Green Beans or Green Peas recently recalled by CRF Frozen Foods, a Pictsweet ingredient supplier. (itchmoforums.com)
  • On May 5th CRF Frozen Foods informed Pictsweet they were initiating a recall on all lots of Green Beans and Green Peas supplied to Pictsweet due to the potential risk they may contain Listeria monocytogenes (Lm),an organism that is widespread in the environment. (itchmoforums.com)
  • For this reason, vegetarians will want to include generous servings of beans, nuts and legumes in their diets. (healtharticles101.com)
  • Dr. Garry Gordon, another pioneer interviewed in Mavericks of Medicine, thinks discoveries about microRNA may someday lead to diets and food choices that can target risk for specific diseases. (freerepublic.com)
  • Some fad diets require you to eat only a few food items that are either hard to find or. (fitnesstipsforlife.com)
  • Individuals were also less likely to have traditional or western diets when they gave importance to food choice motive dimensions related to sustainability. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Another set of convenient snacks that serve as anti-inflammatories include blackberries, blueberries, raspberries, strawberries and cranberries. (lifehack.org)
  • Diamond Pet Foods, manufacturer of Chicken Soup for the Pet Lover's Soul, has expanded an earlier. (petmd.com)
  • Combine ingredients in a food processor and then baste on the chicken as it broils. (beliefnet.com)
  • The outbreak strain has been identified in samples taken from raw chicken products and live chickens, as well as two samples of recalled raw chicken pet food manufactured by Darwin's. (fda.gov)
  • Combine this super food with grilled chicken to add color to your palette. (fashionlady.in)
  • and fish sauce" with New York City's signature street food being the hot dog, although the offerings in New York also range from "spicy Middle Eastern falafel or Jamaican jerk chicken to Belgian waffles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Starting in April, all manufacturers of prepackaged food will have to clarify substances that can cause allergies, according to a national regulation for food labels. (shanghaiist.com)
  • Approximately 1 to 2 percent of adults and around 5 percent of infants and young children in the country suffer from food allergies, according to Sun Jianqin, director of the nutrition department at Shanghai-based Huadong Hospital affiliated to Fudan University. (shanghaiist.com)
  • China does not have statistics to show how life threatening food allergies are, but figures from the United States government revealed that each year roughly 30,000 individuals require emergency treatment, and 150 individuals die because of allergic reactions to food. (shanghaiist.com)
  • These eight foods and food groups account for 90 percent of all food allergies. (shanghaiist.com)
  • Whether you have food allergies, dietary restrictions, or ethical dos and don'ts, this book has you covered. (indiebound.org)
  • SpoonfulOne, made by science-based consumer products company Before Brands™, Inc., is a daily dietary supplement powder blend of gentle, measured portions of the proteins in foods that end up causing 90 percent of food allergies, plus 400 IU of Vitamin D. The study was conducted by leading food allergy researchers at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine with funding support provided by Before Brands. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Although allergies may be outgrown, intolerances to certain foods are usually life-long, so the troublesome food has to be permanently avoided. (homemade-baby-food-recipes.com)
  • The UK Department of Health states that these foods should not be introduced before baby is at least 6 months of age and should NEVER be used as first weaning foods for a baby with a family history of coeliac disease or allergies. (homemade-baby-food-recipes.com)
  • According to research, the cause of your food allergies , low energy, joint pain, thyroid disease, autoimmune conditions and slow metabolism could be leaky gut symptoms progression. (draxe.com)
  • The USDA recalled the beef at 34 Whole Foods stores throughout New England, including the only store in Maine, in downtown Portland. (pressherald.com)
  • The recalled products include: quartered beef carcasses stamped with the USDA mark of inspection and establishment number "EST. (pressherald.com)
  • Food and Health Communications is a National Strategic Partner with the USDA for MyPlate. (foodandhealth.com)
  • Chapter four of the new Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommendations proposed by the USDA and HHS explores some foods that are readily available to America's seniors but are seldom consumed in quantities that are needed for optimal nutritional health. (seniorcarecorner.com)
  • Food-data.com does not guarantee the accuracy of any nutritional food information on this site. (faqs.org)
  • Bulking agents Bulking agents such as starch are additives that increase the bulk of a food without affecting its nutritional value. (wikipedia.org)
  • 7. Completion of certification of 4 new molecular reference materials related to food borne pathogens. (europa.eu)
  • VereFoodborne, based on STMicroelectronics' Lab-on-Chip platform, is a portable Lab-on-Chip application that can detect and differentiate food-borne pathogens including E. coli , Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (including E. coli 0157 and E.coli 0104), Salmonella, Listeria and Campylobacter. (biospace.com)
  • The ability of the VereFoodborne chip to simultaneously lock on multiple segments of the genes of food-borne pathogens enables it to identify bacteria and viruses with a much higher degree of confidence compared to other tests. (biospace.com)
  • VereFoodborne is already being deployed to several pilot users in Asia and we are anxious to have it protect consumers from food-borne pathogens. (biospace.com)
  • It is a portable lab-on-chip application for rapid detection of all major food borne pathogens in a single test. (biospace.com)
  • Bacteria may contaminate food as a result of farming or other production methods or poor preparation, handling or storage of food. (sa.gov.au)
  • If the cause is not known, it should be assumed that it may be possible to spread from person-to-person, or for an infected person to contaminate food and indirectly infect others. (sa.gov.au)
  • The United States Department of Agriculture, in their official annual food chart (called "My Plate"), lists five basic food groups as essential to good daily nutrition. (prweb.com)
  • Beneficial bacteria in fermented foods help boost your overall nutrition, support digestion, and increase B vitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, digestive enzymes, lactase, and lactic acid. (juicing-for-health.com)
  • Cholesterol on Nutrition Facts includes good and bad Cholesterol? (city-data.com)
  • On Nutrition Facts food labels, there is a Cholesterol value. (city-data.com)
  • My doctor said the cholesterol amount on nutrition facts includes good and bad cholesterol. (city-data.com)
  • The FDA is considering a new nutrition facts label that includes info on added sugar, which contributes to obesity. (medicaldaily.com)
  • But as it turns out, the problem may have just been a matter of miscommunication this whole time, as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is in the process of a nutrition fact labeling overhaul. (medicaldaily.com)
  • Nutrition Facts on the label may not include phosphorus because it is not mandatory. (davita.com)
  • Spoilage of food products is frequently caused by bacterial spores and lactic acid bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this study, we adapted and optimized 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing for quantification of bacterial spores in a canned food matrix and for monitoring the outgrowth of spoilage microbiota in a ready-to-eat food matrix. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study shows that the composition of complex spoilage populations, including bacterial spores, can be monitored in complex food matrices by bar-coded amplicon sequencing in a quantitative manner. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Microbial food spoilage results from metabolic processes that lead to the production of off-smelling flavors or textural changes and renders food unacceptable for human consumption. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It has been estimated that 25 % of all foods produced globally is lost due to microbial spoilage, see [ 1 , 2 ] and references herein. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Preservatives Preservatives prevent or inhibit spoilage of food due to fungi, bacteria and other microorganisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avoid soft cheeses and cold cut delicatessen meats if gatherings include people in vulnerable populations such as the elderly, the pregnant, the very young, or those who are immune suppressed - these groups may be susceptible to Listeria infection. (foodsafety.asn.au)
  • Added phosphorus in the form of additives or preservatives is found in fast foods, ready to eat foods, bottled beverages, processed foods, and enhanced meats. (davita.com)
  • Packaged meats include hot dogs, bologna, and liverwurst. (drugs.com)
  • Menu Foods previously had recalled only cat and dog food made at its plants in New Jersey and Kansas, saying they were its only facilities to have taken delivery of imported wheat gluten later found contaminated with melamine. (nbcnews.com)
  • However, Menu Foods discovered Monday that some of the tainted wheat gluten had made it to Canada. (nbcnews.com)
  • Menu spokesman Sam Bornstein said the amount accounted for just 1 percent of the adulterated Chinese wheat gluten purchased by Menu Foods. (nbcnews.com)
  • After being repeatedly reassured by Menu Foods, as reinforced by FDA public statements, that none of the contaminated wheat gluten had made its way to Canada, we were completely shocked to learn yesterday that this was not the case," Xavier Unkovic, Royal Canin Canada's chief executive officer, said in a statement. (nbcnews.com)
  • Menu Foods was the first of at least six companies to recall pet food and treats made with the tainted Chinese wheat gluten. (nbcnews.com)
  • Foods that commonly contain gluten include bread, pasta, flour and rusks/teething biscuits. (homemade-baby-food-recipes.com)
  • When should I introduce wheat and other foods containing gluten to my baby? (homemade-baby-food-recipes.com)
  • As with any new food, you should always discuss the introduction of wheat and gluten with your child's doctor BEFORE giving them to your baby. (homemade-baby-food-recipes.com)
  • Strangely, some commercial weaning foods DO actually contain gluten - so, if you plan to use these at all, be careful to check the labelling. (homemade-baby-food-recipes.com)
  • I began to explore the healing power of food, which led to the development of my creative and delicious anti-inflammatory recipes! (earlytorise.com)
  • All the awesome tastings are included in the price of the tour, so all you have to do is relax and enjoy your delicious food experience! (traveltoe.com)
  • 1. Pathogens: Production of reference materials and testing samples for development and performance control of methods for the detection of pathogens in food. (europa.eu)
  • This action concerns the development or performance evaluation of methods for the detection of pathogens including TSE. (europa.eu)
  • The warmer weather conditions may be ideal for outdoor picnics, barbecues, and road trips, but they also provide a perfect environment for bacteria and other pathogens in food to multiply rapidly and cause foodborne illness or "food poisoning. (ncsu.edu)
  • The Food Standards Agency has launched an open consultation on whether new descriptors for alcoholic drinks above 1.2% ABV and the promotion of lower strength drinks should be introduced. (rssl.com)
  • Keep drinks in a separate cooler from foods. (ncsu.edu)
  • 5 food stops where guests can try 6 different local food and drinks. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Garlic is fantastic in food and as a health remedy. (davidwolfe.com)
  • More importantly, these "functional foods", contain probiotics that can be beneficial to your overall health. (juicing-for-health.com)
  • Nowadays, many people settle for mass-produced pickles and other cultured foods, unaware that they don't offer substantial health benefits. (juicing-for-health.com)
  • VereFoodborne will be a very powerful tool for health authorities and the food industry to carry out food safety surveillance as well as poisoning-outbreak investigation. (biospace.com)
  • With this tool, health authorities can speed up their investigations of food-borne poisoning outbreaks. (biospace.com)
  • Studies have shown that soluble fiber has a variety of health benefits, including modestly lowering LDL cholesterol levels. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Food choice motives were collected in 31,842 adults from the NutriNet-Santé study, using a validated 63 items questionnaire gathered into 9 dimension scores: ethics and environment, traditional and local production, taste, price, environmental limitation (i.e. not buying a food for environmental concerns), health, convenience, innovation and absence of contaminants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Food sustainability has become a critical political issue in societies as well as a matter of public health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective exercise specialists. (draxe.com)
  • You can start to transition into menopause as early as your mid-30s, with most women entering menopause in their 40s or 50s (the average age is 51 in the U.S.). For some, menopause comes earlier due to health conditions, including a history of eating disorders, cancer treatment or surgical removal of the ovaries. (draxe.com)
  • Evidence based best practice resources for South Australian clinicians and health care workers including clinical plans, policies and guidelines. (sa.gov.au)
  • When and how to notify SA Health of cases (including deaths) suspected of having or diagnosed with notifiable conditions. (sa.gov.au)
  • For the latest food news , health tips and recipes , like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter and YouTube . (ndtv.com)
  • WASHINGTON - The pet food recall expanded further Tuesday to include products made at a Canadian factory recently found to have used an ingredient tainted by an industrial chemical. (nbcnews.com)
  • Pet owners, who are unsure if the product they purchased is included in the recall, or who would like replacement product or a refund, may contact Diamond Pet Foods at 800-442-0402, 8 am - 6 pm EST, Monday through Friday, or visit www.diamondpetrecall.com disclaimer icon. (petsblogs.com)
  • This recall was initiated after routine testing by the Food and Drug Administration of a 3lb bag of dog duckbatch sliders, that was collected at a distributor, revealed the presence of Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes. (seattledogspot.com)
  • This recall is being made with the knowledge of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (seattledogspot.com)
  • The CRF Frozen Foods company, which makes products sold at Safeway, Costco, and Trader Joe's, among others, has issued a recall of over 350 frozen fruit and vegetable products due to potential listeria contamination. (itchmoforums.com)
  • Some important symptoms to look out for include frequent urination, especially during the night, as well as finding it difficult to start urinating and to maintain the urination stream until the bladder is empty. (consumerhealthdigest.com)
  • First and foremost, it's important to realize that in most women, symptoms such as night sweats will decrease over time and then often go away completely without any treatment, including hormone replacement drugs. (draxe.com)
  • In each instance, the company recalled these products after being alerted to positive findings of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O128, Salmonella and/or Listeria monocytogenes in samples of their raw pet food products. (fda.gov)
  • The Salmonella isolated from the kitten was analyzed using whole genome sequencing and found to be indistinguishable from the Salmonella isolated from a closed package from the same lot of Darwin's Natural cat food that the kitten ate. (fda.gov)
  • In addition to reports of illnesses associated with Salmonella contamination in the products, the FDA is aware of complaints of at least three animals who were reportedly injured by bone shards in the Darwin's Natural raw pet food products. (fda.gov)
  • In 2013, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that they no longer recognize partially hydrogenated oils, the major commercial source of trans fats, as safe because of their strong links to coronary heart disease . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People are shocked when they hear that the food-even organic food-that they give to their kids is grown in districts where this is happening. (foodandwaterwatch.org)
  • Also included are legumes, the Leopard tree, Honey Locust, wisteria and cattle forage plants like Desmodium, wetland plants such as the Common Rush (Phragmites), and common pasture grasses (Phalaris spp) - even the ice plants in your Granny's rock garden would be effected by the legislation. (wordpress.com)
  • Diamond Puppy Formula dry dog food 40 lb. (petmd.com)
  • However, the products may have been distributed further through additional pet food channels so all consumers of Diamond Puppy Formula dry dog food should check their products for the above descriptions and codes. (petmd.com)
  • Noodles are a popular street food item as they are mainly eaten as a single dish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mofo gasy is a breakfast food and is often eaten with coffee, also sold at kiosks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many vendors have also moved towards opening small restaurants and shops, and "street food" is now commonly eaten indoors at established locations. (wikipedia.org)
  • This may include decreasing the amount of sodium you eat each day. (drugs.com)
  • Our food choices today revolve a lot around sodium. (ndtv.com)
  • High sodium foods result in water retention. (ndtv.com)
  • Aluminium - color (silver) Aluminium ammonium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium potassium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium silicate - anti-caking agent Aluminium sodium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium sulfate - mineral salt Amaranth - color (red) (FDA: [DELISTED] Red #2) Note that amaranth dye is unrelated to the amaranth plant Amaranth oil - high in squalene and unsaturated fatty acids - used in food and cosmetic industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • This unique and incredible packaging allows for easy storage and gives the food a 25 year shelf life. (prweb.com)
  • Fermented foods have a longer shelf life, remaining fresh for a couple of months. (juicing-for-health.com)
  • We don't use preservatives and although the product has a two-year shelf life, it's real food, so the sooner you use it, the better it'll taste. (purefoodcompany.com)
  • Tracer gas Tracer gas allow for package integrity testing to prevent foods from being exposed to atmosphere, thus guaranteeing shelf life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Herbs and spices in your cooking, such as thyme, parsley, chives or basil will help food taste almost as good. (davidwolfe.com)
  • Being a country of food loving people, India is a market of multiple food joints delighting numerous taste-buds. (mondaq.com)
  • Give a good squirt of flax oil to the entire plate of food, and then add the Woodstock Dressing to taste. (thenaturalguide.com)
  • Remember, this private food tour can be 100% personalized to match your tastes and your friends' as well, just let your host know what you'd love to taste most. (traveltoe.com)
  • Contaminated food may not look, smell or taste any different from food that is safe. (sa.gov.au)
  • Retro Osaka Street Food Tour: ShinsekaiTravel back in time to this local entertainment district for a taste of vintage Osaka. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • You should scrub it well with a vegetable brush, and you can choose to cool it, steam it, or add it to the food processor, and mix it with flaxseed oil, honey, and yogurt, to prepare as a smoothie. (healthyfoodhouse.com)
  • Include this red vegetable to spice up your plate and to energize yourself! (fashionlady.in)
  • Arabinogalactan - thickener, vegetable gum Argan oil - a food oil from Morocco that has also attracted recent attention in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because it is often difficult for seniors to absorb the B12 they ingest, fortified foods such as cereals are good choices to get enough of this nutrient. (seniorcarecorner.com)
  • One of the best ways to start is to use foods that are a good source of natural proteins, which most probably are already available in your refrigerator. (sooperarticles.com)
  • Future studies are underway to assess the effect of this supplement on immunologic responses to the allergenic proteins and the longer-term incidence of food allergy. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Sugar levels can be controlled when high fiber foods are consumed, thus preventing one's glucose levels from spiking. (newhealthadvisor.com)
  • In 1981 while Martin Zucker and I wrote the first of my two books, How to Have a Healthier Dog , we discovered the full extent of the negative effects of commercial pet foods of that time. (snopes.com)
  • It's little wonder then that super foods are gaining a lot of importance these days with people opting for healthier food options. (naturalnewsblogs.com)
  • Bring out the natural flavors in foods by using healthier cooking methods like grilling, braising, roasting, searing, and sautéing. (heart.org)
  • Rates are per room, per night, vary by arrival date and/or length of stay, and do not include applicable mandatory property fees (for example resort fees or service charges), gratuities, or government imposed taxes, service charges, levies or surcharges, unless otherwise noted. (fourseasons.com)