Dental Caries Activity Tests
United States Indian Health Service
Indians, North American
Health Services, Indigenous
Health Education, Dental
Dental Care for Children
Burt (2006) conducted a systematic review looking at the effect of sugar alcohols on caries activity. His systematic review ... Nayak, Prathibha Anand; Nayak, Ullal Anand; Khandelwal, Vishal (November 2014). "The effect of xylitol on dental caries and ... Burt concluded that Xylitol displayed non-cariogenic properties in all protocols tested. Interestingly, he also concluded that ... displayed a low quality evidence on the effectiveness of xylitol containing fluoride toothpastes when compared to fluoride only ...
Medical uses of silver
Silver diamine fluoride appears to be an effective intervention to reduce dental caries (tooth decay). Silver is also a ... In vitro tests demonstrated more potent amoebicidal effects for the drugs when conjugated with silver nanoparticles as compared ... They also found that conjugating the drugs with silver nanoparticles enhanced their anti-acanthamoebic activity. Silver-halide ... Rosenblatt A, Stamford TC, Niederman R (February 2009). "Silver diamine fluoride: a caries "silver-fluoride bullet"". Journal ...
Additionally various teas have been tested for activity against S. mutans and other dental benefits. However, none of these ... Greig, Vicki; Conway, David I. (2012). "Fluoride varnish was effective at reducing caries on high caries risk school children ... dental caries can develop and thrive. The causative agent of dental caries is associated with its ability to metabolize various ... Dental caries is a dental biofilm-related oral disease associated with increased consumption of dietary sugar and fermentable ...
Water fluoridation in the United States
"Newburgh-Kingston caries-fluorine study XIV. Combined clinical and roentgenographic dental findings after ten years of fluoride ... Gerald J. Cox conducted laboratory tests using rats that were fed aluminum and fluoride. Dr. Cox suggested adding fluoride to ... Many political and popular entities and activities determine whether fluoride is added to water supplies. Those include courts ... "Experimental dental caries IV. Fluorine and its relation to dental caries". Journal of Dental Research. 18: 481-490. doi: ...
Biological aspects of fluorine
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2001). "Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in ... Fluoride is excreted through urine. Fluoride exposure limits are based on urine testing, which is used to determine the human ... PFC concentrations were generally higher in areas with more human population or industrial activity, and areas with more PFOS ... For sodium fluoride, the lethal dose for adults is 5-10 g, which is equivalent to 32-64 mg of elemental fluoride per kilogram ...
Buzalaf MAR, Levy SM (2011): Fluoride intake of children: considerations for dental caries and dental fluorosis in Fluoride and ... excessive ingestion of fluoride toothpaste, bottled waters which are not tested for their fluoride content, inappropriate use ... degree of physical activity, nutrition, and bone growth. Individual susceptibility to fluorosis is also influenced by genetic ... Fluoridation Facts (PDF). American Dental Association. 2005. p. 29. "Table 23, Surveillance for Dental Caries, Dental Sealants ...
Population studies from the mid-20th century onwards show topical fluoride reduces dental caries. This was first attributed to ... Exposure limits are determined by urine testing of the body's ability to clear fluoride ions. Historically, most cases of ... A 2013 review showed a slight correlation between groundwater and soil PFAA levels and human activity; there was no clear ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2001). "Recommendations for Using Fluoride to Prevent and Control Dental Caries in ...
Dental public health
Promoting the use of topical fluoride for preventing and control of dental caries. Facilitating early access to preventative ... Major areas of dental public health activity include: Oral health surveillance National Oral Health Surveillance system (NOHSS ... extractions and root canals The CDBS is means tested, those who qualify are eligible to $1,000 of the aforementioned treatments ... The ability to remove dental plaque, exposure to fluoride and access to quality dental care can affect the ways the ...
Lactoperoxidase, a enciclopedia libre
... gingivitis and dental caries (III)". Odont revy 25 (1): 69-80. PMID 4522423.. ... Fweja LW, Lewis MJ, Grandison AS (July 2008). "Challenge testing the lactoperoxidase system against a range of bacteria using ... Hannuksela S, Tenovuo J, Roger V, Lenander-Lumikari M, Ekstrand J (1994). "Fluoride inhibits the antimicrobial peroxidase ... "High dissociation rate constant of ferrous-dioxy complex linked to the catalase-like activity in lactoperoxidase". J. Biol. ...
... risk of secondary caries in the composite group was 3.5 times risk of secondary caries in the amalgam group. Good dental ... Longer time in the dental chair may test the patience of children, making the procedure more difficult for the dentist. Due to ... The cariogenic activity of bacteria increases with concentration of the matrix materials. BisHPPP has furthermore been shown to ... It also has the benefit of the glass ionomer component releasing fluoride and has superior adhesive properties. RMGICs are now ...
Wikipedia:WikiProject Medicine/Cochrane/Cochrane Review List/Musculoskeletal, Oral, Skin and Sensory
One topical fluoride (toothpastes, or mouthrinses, or gels, or varnishes) versus another for preventing dental caries in ... A 'test and treat' strategy for elevated wound protease activity for healing in venous leg ulcers PMID 26771894 https://doi.org ... Topical fluoride (toothpastes, mouthrinses, gels or varnishes) for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents PMID ... Fluoride supplements (tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gums) for preventing dental caries in children PMID 22161414 https:// ...
"The impact of polyol-containing chewing gums on dental caries". The Journal of the American Dental Association. 139 (12): 1602- ... The water activity of chewing gum ranges from 0.40 to 0.65. The moisture content of chewing gum ranges from three to six ... However the improvements were only evident when chewing took place prior to cognitive testing. The precise mechanism by which ... Other active ingredients in chewing gum include fluoride, which strengthens tooth enamel, and p-chlorbenzyl-4- ...
Medical uses of silver
17 Silver diamine fluoride appears to be an effective intervention to reduce dental caries (tooth decay). Silver ... Wakshlak, Racheli Ben-Knaz; Pedahzur, Rami; Avnir, David (23 April 2015). "Antibacterial activity of silver-killed bacteria: ... no thorough testing and standardization of these products has yet been undertaken. ... Rosenblatt A, Stamford TC, Niederman R (2009). "Silver diamine fluoride: a caries "silver-fluoride bullet"". J. Dent. Res. 88 ( ...
Dental public health
Promoting the use of topical fluoride for preventing and control of dental caries. ... The CDBS is means tested, those who qualify are eligible to $1,000 of the aforementioned treatments over a two-year period. ... 4. Incorporate ethical standards in oral health programs and activities. 4. Design surveillance systems to measure oral health ... The ability to remove dental plaque, exposure to fluoride and access to quality dental care can affect the ways the ...
ten Cate JM (February 2013). "Contemporary perspective on the use of fluoride products in caries prevention". British Dental ... It has been shown that nano ZnO that has an average size between 20 nm and 45 nm can enhance the antibacterial activity of ... The enhancing effect of this nanomaterial is concentration dependent against all test strains. This effect may be due to two ... its interactions with dental enamel and possible effects on caries; a review of the literature". International Dental Journal. ...
... gingivitis and dental caries (III)". Odont Revy. 25 (1): 69-80. PMID 4522423. Midda M, Cooksey MV (1986). "Clinical use of an ... The anti-viral activity of lactoperoxidase is enhanced with increasing concentrations of iodide ion. This enzyme has been shown ... Fweja LW, Lewis MJ, Grandison AS (July 2008). "Challenge testing the lactoperoxidase system against a range of bacteria using ... Hannuksela S, Tenovuo J, Roger V, Lenander-Lumikari M, Ekstrand J (1994). "Fluoride inhibits the antimicrobial peroxidase ...
Glass ionomer cement
Fluoride varnishes have been combined with sealant application in the prevention of dental caries. There is low certainty ... "Relationship between fluoride release rate and anti-cariogenic biofilm activity of glass ionomer cements". Dental Materials. 31 ... Subsequently, toughness declines asymptotically to long-term fracture test values. The pattern of fluoride release from glass ... Glass ionomer cement is primarily used in the prevention of dental caries. This dental material has good adhesive bond ...
Refugee health in the United States
"Fluoride mouthrinses for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 7: ... Guidelines for testing vary among states, ranging from testing children younger than six years of age to the CDC age limits of ... has outlined several public health activities with regards to refugee resettlement. First, all state or local health officials ... Refugees from Hispanic and Asian origins are at the highest risk for dental caries, followed by those from African, Eastern ...
ten Cate, J. M. (Feb 2013). "Contemporary perspective on the use of fluoride products in caries prevention". British Dental ... It has been shown that nano ZnO which has the average size between 20 nm and 45 nm can enhance the antibacterial activity of ... The enhancing effect of this nanomaterial is concentration dependent against all test strains. This effect may be due to two ... van Noort, Richard (2002). Introduction to Dental Materials (2d ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-0-7234-3215-9. .. ...
Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART)
... dental caries) from teeth using only hand instruments (dental hatchets and spoon-shape instruments) and placing a filling. It ... which also releases fluoride and helps the tooth's "recovery" from decay (remineralisation). This treatment was tested in ... "South Africa - An Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) Project: Activity Report". Malmo University: Oral Health Country/ Area ... Mouth Mirror; Dental probe; Pair of dental tweezers; Dental Hatchet; Spoon Excavator (small and medium); Flat plastic ...
Fluoride-containing mouth rinses are used as prevention for dental caries for individuals who are considered at higher risk for ... There is evidence that lidocaine anesthetic mouthwash has the potential to be systemically absorbed when it was tested in ... In addition, alcohol is a drying agent, which encourages bacterial activity in the mouth, releasing more malodorous volatile ... "Effects of mouth rinses with xylitol and fluoride on dental plaque and saliva". Caries Research. 33 (1): 23-31. doi:10.1159/ ...
"Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental decay caries in the United States". MMWR Recomm Rep. 50 (RR-14 ... Even natural spring water - considered safe for all practical purposes in the 19th century - must now be tested before ... implementation is not feasible as there is still much to be studied regarding rates and after effects of microbial activity as ... Water fluoridation: in many areas fluoride is added to water with the goal of preventing tooth decay. Fluoride is usually ...
The activity of xanthine oxidase is directly proportional to the amount of molybdenum in the body. However, an extremely high ... "Molybdenum: molybdenum(I) fluoride compound data". OpenMOPAC.net. Retrieved 2007-12-10. Lindemann, A.; Blumm, J. (2009). ... ISBN 978-0-12-352651-9. Curzon, M. E. J.; Kubota, J.; Bibby, B. G. (1971). "Environmental Effects of Molybdenum on Caries". ... yet in tests it resisted corrosion of a standard eutectic salt (FLiBe) and salt vapors used in molten salt reactors for 1100 ...
List of conspiracy theories
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2001). "Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in ... A more recent theory, emergent following the activities of hacker Gary McKinnon, suggests that a secret program of crewed space ... "Foreign powers performing 'earthquake tests' near Istanbul to destroy economy: Ankara mayor". Hurriyet Daily News. 7 February ... Water fluoridation is the controlled addition of fluoride to a public water supply to reduce tooth decay. Although many dental- ...
... a second symptom should be present or a positive test before making a diagnosis. Radiographs utilized to find dental caries and ... Petersson LG (March 2013). "The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries". ... When severe it may impact sleep, eating, and other daily activities. Common causes include inflammation of the pulp, (usually ... The accuracy of these tests has been reported as 86% for cold testing, 81% for electric pulp testing, and 71% for heat testing ...
... examination from any dental college. After application, the applicant must take an admissions test held by the specific ... Active caries - Poor motivation: treatment will last at least several months, patient needs to be committed to maintaining the ... It is also recommended that patients also use fluoride mouth rinse at a separate time to brushing. ... "Dhaka Dental College". Dhaka Dental College. Retrieved October 28, 2017.. *^ "List of recognized medical and dental colleges". ...
... or gentle scratching with a dental probe. If a negative result for the pain provocation test occurs, no treatment for ... "The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries". Clinical Oral Investigations. 17 ... A degree of dentin sensitivity is normal, but pain is not usually experienced in everyday activities like drinking a cooled ... Mechanical-tactile - dental probe during dental examination, periodontal scaling and root planing, toothbrushing. ...
... reduction in both dental plaque and gingival inflammation when compared with fluoride toothpastes without triclosan/copolymer. ... The earliest known safety testing began in 1968. It was introduced the next year, mainly for use in hospitals, and was in ... "9.9 Triclosan" Witorsch RJ (2014). "Critical analysis of endocrine disruptive activity of triclosan and its relevance to human ... Kraglund, Ferne (2014-03-01). "Triclosan produces statistically significant reduction in plaque, gingivitis and caries but not ...
Buzalaf MAR, Levy SM (2011): Fluoride intake of children: considerations for dental caries and dental fluorosis in Fluoride and ... excessive ingestion of fluoride toothpaste, bottled waters which are not tested for their fluoride content, inappropriate use ... degree of physical activity, nutrition, and bone growth. Individual susceptibility to fluorosis is also influenced by ... American Dental Association. 2005. p. 29.. *^ "Table 23, Surveillance for Dental Caries, Dental Sealants, Tooth Retention, ...
... placebo-controlled clinical trial of fluoride varnish in preventing dental caries of Sjögren's syndrome patients Archived 2017- ... The rose bengal test uses a stain that measures state and function of the lacrimal glands. This test involves placing the non- ... This suggests that the disease begins with increased activity in the interleukin 1 system, followed by an autoregulatory up- ... Dental careEdit. Preventive dental treatment is also necessary (and often overlooked by the patient), as the lack of saliva ...
... reduction in both dental plaque and gingival inflammation when compared with fluoride toothpastes without triclosan/copolymer.[ ... The earliest known safety testing began in 1968. It was introduced the next year, mainly for use in hospitals, and was in ... Witorsch RJ (2014). "Critical analysis of endocrine disruptive activity of triclosan and its relevance to human exposure ... Kraglund, Ferne (2014-03-01). "Triclosan produces statistically significant reduction in plaque, gingivitis and caries but not ...
Indian Health Manual (IHM) - Home
... natural fluoride ion content and corrective action taken to adjust the concentration to a range compatible with dental caries ... Those activities which prevent the onset of dental disease.. *Secondary dental care. Those procedures which intervene early in ... Drinking water supplies should be tested for ... prevalence of dental caries as well as untreated dental caries ... Dental Auxiliaries. Dental assistants, dental therapists, dental laboratory technicians, and dental clerical personnel assume a ...
KAKEN - Research Projects | Overall Research for Caries Prevention and Caries Control in Children (KAKENHI-PROJECT-10470448)
We researched the data of dental examination, the caries activity test and the questionnaire survey. Then we conducted the ... Moreover, the application of the fluoride was carried out actively. The instructions of oral health mainly focused on eating ... Overall Research on Caries Prevention and Retardation of Caries in Children -The caries activity nature test from children 1 to ... Overall Research on Caries prevention and retardation of caries in children -The caries activity nature test for children ...
Secondhand smoke and incidence of dental caries in deciduous teeth among children in Japan: population based retrospective...
Other records of dental examinations included the caries activity test (0 to 4 points, 4 points indicating most active), ... We counted teeth treated by diammine silver fluoride as well as decayed teeth as decayed. Incidence of dental caries was ... and dental examinations; hearing tests; urinary protein level; and occult blood by a dipstick test. ... Assessment of dental caries. Qualified dentists assessed the oral conditions of the children at 18 months and 3 years of age ...
Antimicrobial efficacy of 0·05% cetylpyridinium chloride mouthrinses. - PubMed - NCBI
Dental Plaque/microbiology. *Ethanol/pharmacology. *Fluorides/pharmacology. *Humans. *Microbial Sensitivity Tests. *Middle Aged ... Ex-vivo tests on supragingival plaque micro-organisms demonstrated significantly greater antimicrobial activity by the CPC ... was determined for each mouthrinse against a panel of 25 micro-organisms including species associated with dental caries, ... supragingival dental plaque obtained from 15 adults was incubated with the four mouthrinses to evaluate antimicrobial activity ...
Are the claimed benefits of fluoride over-rated?
... involved in the decline of tooth decay in the last 50 years or are there other factors involved in the decreasing caries rates? ... Is fluoride ingestion and topical fluorides the principal factors ... A three-year clinical trial was conducted to test the hypotheses that: (i) the anticaries activity of NaF toothpastes ... Haikel Y, et al., Dental caries and fluorosis in children from high and low fluoride areas of Morocco. *Krook L, et al., Dental ...
Avaliação in vitro de propriedades mecânicas, químicas e antimicrobianas de um selante...
Tendo em vista o importante papel desempenhado pelos selantes de fossas e fissuras na prevenção da cárie dental, o objetivo do ... Fluoride measurements were performed with a direct potentiometry using a fluoride ion selective electrode. For the test in ... Considering the important role of pit-and-fissure sealants on the prevention of dental caries, the purpose of this study was to ... antimicrobial activity. bisphenol A dosage. fluoride release. microleakage. Pit-and-fissure sealant. shear bond strength. ...
... arrest root caries in older adults; Using the Dental Activities Test to measure dental function in patients with cognitive ... June 29, 2018 Topics include: The efficacy and uses of silver diamine fluoride in older adults; Necessity of and options for ... Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists ... National Commission on Recognition of Dental Specialties and Certifying Boards Learn about recognized dental specialties and ...
The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Various steps have been taken to prevent dental caries, fluoride being the most common among them. Nowadays, G. glabra, ... and t test were applied. Results: It was found that hexigel has a potential antibacterial activity against S. mutans, with ... Clinical significance: Dental caries is one of the most common infectious microbial diseases. ... The maximum effect is due to dental caries and periodontitis. No studies report about oral substance abuse and its effect. ...
Catalogue Essens - ID: 10001234
... dental caries and improves the quality of dental enamel and look of teeth, even without the use of fluoride in its ingredient ... Why is Aloe Vera Essens toothpaste without fluoride? Sodium fluoride is known as a carcinogen. It affects the activity of the ... Essential ingredients are released gradually for several hours, so it is possible to test the individual aroma at rest, and ... Accord- ing to latest research, fluoride causes osteoporosis. Therefore toothpastes without flu- oride are recommended for ...
Frontiers | Effect of an oxygenating agent on oral bacteria in vitro and on dental plaque composition in healthy young adults |...
The tested Prevotella strains and Fusobacterium nucleatum showed the highest sensitivity, while streptococci and Lactobacillus ... The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial potential of AX and the effects of a twice-daily oral rinse on dental ... The tested Prevotella strains and Fusobacterium nucleatum showed the highest sensitivity, while streptococci and Lactobacillus ... Material and methods: In vitro, 16 oral bacterial strains were tested using agar diffusion susceptibility, minimum inhibitory ...
Case study: caries in young children
Dental Caries (MeSH) * Dental Caries Activity Tests (MeSH) * Fluorides, Topical (MeSH) * Humans (MeSH) ... aetiology and specific diagnoses of two different children that presented to the dental surgery with a form of dental caries. ... Case study: caries in young children Academic Article * View record in Web of Science ® ... The management of both cases is being discussed as well as the differences in the prevention of early childhood caries. ...
PAR-07-224: Planning Grant for Oral Health Promotion across the Life Span (R21)
Across the lifespan most dental diseases and conditions are preventable. Dental caries can be prevented with fluoride, sealants ... Investigations that test the capacity of family and caregiver roles in oral health education and oral disease prevention for ... Such activities and others focused on education of health professional on oral cancer prevention and early detection are needed ... preventive treatment for dental caries such as exposure to fluoride and the use of sealants on the occlusal surfaces of teeth. ...
Bridging the Gap in Caries Management Between Research and Practice Through Education: The Indiana University Experience |...
... what dental schools are teaching, and what some dental boards are testing. An important engine for change in practice and ... Reevaluation of Caries Activity and Risk Status.. A reevaluation of risk factors and an assessment of the outcomes of caries ... Module 5: Caries Management: Fluorides. Data from this initial training exercise demonstrated that the online course was ... 2007 American Dental Education Association. Abstract. Although dentistry recognizes that dental caries management encompasses ...
Genetics and Oral Health
A predictive test for dental caries or for periodontal disease does not currently exist; both of these are complex diseases ... For example, a GWAS study of dental caries would need to include fluoride exposure, socioeconomic status, dietary habits, oral ... often affect how genes interact with each other or how proteins interact with specific genes to regulate their activity. These ... A predictive test for dental caries or for periodontal disease does not currently exist. Since these are both complex diseases ...
Absence of Fluoride Varnish-Related Adverse Events in Caries Prevention Trials in Young Children, United States
Dental caries in children is highly prevalent; approximately 37% of US children aged 2 to 8 years had dental caries in primary ... Post-Test Questions. Study Title: Absence of Fluoride Varnish-Related Adverse Events in Caries Prevention Trials in Young ... Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:. *Distinguish findings regarding adverse events of fluoride ... Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. MMWR Recomm Rep 2001;50(RR-14):1- ...
Prevention of Dental Caries-Measures beyond Fluoride | proSestru.cz
... www.esciencecentral.org/journals/prevention-of-dental-cariesmeasures-beyond-fluoride-2332-0702.1000122.php?aid=24807 ... Stephan RM (1944) Intra-oral hydrogen-ion concentration associated with dental caries activity. J Dent Res 23: 257-266. ... Tulsi, Ocimum sanctum: Tulsi, Ocimum sanctum is a plant of Indian origin and a time tested premier medicinal herb. The extract ... This paper reviews about these non-fluoride agents in the prevention of dental caries.. Keywords:. Dental caries; Non fluoride ...
Tooth cavities can be fought 'naturally' | EurekAlert! Science News
... and further improved its anti-caries efficacy. The finding is published in The Open Dentistry Journal. ... In dental caries, significant reductions in caries prevalence and incidence have been made by the introduction of fluoride. It ... has tested hundreds of Chinese herbs and identified that Galla Chinensis has a strong potential to prevent dental caries due to ... Galla Chinensis also possesses substantial antiviral, anticancer, hepatoprotective, antidiarrheal and antioxidant activities. ...
Health promotion and dental caries
The Vipeholm dental caries study; the effect of different levels of carbohydrate intake on caries activity in 436 individuals ... where there is limited access to fluoride and to dental services, the role of oral hygiene in preventing dental caries can ... lack of significant differences between the test and control groups regarding caries incidence was observed. A systematic ... 4. Baelum V, Sheiham A, Burt B. Caries control for populations. In: Fejerskov O, Kidd E, editors. Dental caries: the disease ...
Molecules | Free Full-Text | The Influence of Toothpaste Containing Australian Melaleuca alternifolia Oil and Ethanolic...
The observed stabilisation of bacterial microflora confirms the beneficial activity of toothpaste containing EEP and TTO ... The study was based on the use of a toothpaste with antiphlogistic activity, containing Australian Melaleuca alternifolia oil ( ... which is associated with the onset of caries formation. Wassel et al.  tested specially prepared dental varnishes ... The authors concluded that the addition of natural products with fluoride to dental varnishes, especially miswak and propolis, ...
The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Keywords: Licorice root,Chlorhexidine, Dental caries, Fluoride mouthwash, In vitro study PDF , DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024- ... At 3 months, Tf was recovered from 4 test group and 10 control group sites, Pg from 3 test group and 9 control group sites, Td ... The interest in the plants with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activity has increased now days to treat various dental ... The push-out test was conducted on a universal testing machine (0.05 mm/minute). Data were analyzed through Kruskal-Wallis and ...
Search | Global Index Medicus
Toothpastes with active ingredients prevent dental caries in children. Objective: Determine the in vitro antibacterial activity ... In vitro antibacterial activity of fluoride-free toothpastes against Streptococcus mutans strains ... Chi-square and Wilcoxon tests were applied for comparisons. The level of significance was 5%. Results: Of the 93 cases, 93.53% ... RESUMEN Introducción: Los dentífricos con ingredientes activos previenen la caries dental en niños. Objetivo: Determinar la ...
Search | Global Index Medicus
Toothpastes with active ingredients prevent dental caries in children. Objective: Determine the in vitro antibacterial activity ... In vitro antibacterial activity of fluoride-free toothpastes against Streptococcus mutans strains ... Data analysis was based on SPSS15 software, using Shapiro-Wilk Gaussian distribution corroboration statistical tests, and the ... RESUMEN Introducción: Los dentífricos con ingredientes activos previenen la caries dental en niños. Objetivo: Determinar la ...
PA-07-225: Oral Health Promotion Research across the Lifespan (R01)
Dental caries can be prevented with approaches such as fluoride, sealants and appropriate dietary practices. Periodontal ... Division of Extramural Activities National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research 6701 Democracy Blvd., MSC 4878, Room ... Investigations that test the capacity of family and caregiver roles in oral health education and oral disease prevention for ... in the case of dental caries examples are exposure to fluoride and the use of sealants on the occlusal surfaces. Among children ...
Caries Prevention by Arginine Metabolism in Oral Biofilms: Translating Science into Clinical Success | Springer for Research &...
The relationship between dental caries status and dental plaque urease activity. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2007;22(1):61-6.PubMed ... the use of a fluoride-free dentifrice containing arginine significantly increased ADS activity in plaque of caries-active ... It remains to be carefully tested whether oral biofilms of caries-free individuals have a greater capacity to metabolize ... Intra-oral hydrogen-ion concentration associated with dental caries activity. J Dent Res. 1944;23:257-66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Search Results - DrugBank
... and to relieve dental hypersensitivity. Although similar in function and activity to Sodium Fluoride (NaF), the conventionally ... Matched Description: … It manages and prevents dental caries and gingivitis by promoting enamel mineralization [A19580], ... Urtica dioica pollen is mainly used in allergenic testing. … Matched Products: … Pollens - Weeds and Garden Plants, Nettle ... Stannous Fluoride, or Tn(II) Fluoride, is a compound commonly used in toothpastes for the prevention of gingivitis, dental ...
Stopping Cavities Study: Diammine Silver Fluoride - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Dental Caries Activity [ Time Frame: 14-21 days ]. Proportion of treated teeth with active decay that were arrested by the ... This study is being conducted to test whether the use of diammine silver fluoride (also called silver diamine fluoride) hardens ... Dental Caries. Tooth Demineralization. Tooth Diseases. Stomatognathic Diseases. Fluorides. Cariostatic Agents. Protective ... Topical application of 38% diammine silver fluoride to active cavity. Drug: 38% diammine silver fluoride treatment of cavity ...
Clinical efficacy and the antimicrobial potential of silver formulations in arresting dental caries: a systematic review | BMC...
In vitro: We found a good evidence of microbicidal efficacy of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) on selective cariogenic microbes ... Moreover, there is insufficient evidence on the application of AgNP-fluoride as an effective microbicidal against cariogens of ... applications and antimicrobial potential of silver-containing formulations in arresting dentinal caries. Our secondary aim was ... The use of silver-formulation as microbicide to arrest dentinal caries is gaining popularity. The primary objective of the ...
26 Dental Caries | Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk | The National Academies Press
Read chapter 26 Dental Caries: Diet and Health examines the many complex issues concerning diet and its role in increasing or ... Domestic water and dental caries: additional studies of relation of fluoride domestic waters to dental caries experience in ... Vipeholm Dental Caries Study: the effect of different levels of carbohydrate intake on caries activity in 436 individuals ... The behaviour of sucrose and xylitol in an intro-oral caries test. N.Z Dent. J. 75:8-14. ...
Xylitol - Wikipedia
Burt (2006) conducted a systematic review looking at the effect of sugar alcohols on caries activity. His systematic review ... Nayak, Prathibha Anand; Nayak, Ullal Anand; Khandelwal, Vishal (November 2014). "The effect of xylitol on dental caries and ... Burt concluded that Xylitol displayed non-cariogenic properties in all protocols tested. Interestingly, he also concluded that ... displayed a low quality evidence on the effectiveness of xylitol containing fluoride toothpastes when compared to fluoride only ...
JaypeeDigital | A Textbook of Public Health Dentistry
Extensive coverage has been given to the role of fluoride in the prevention of dental caries. The principal diseases of the ... As expected in a book of Public Health Dentistry, epidemiology, etiology, and preventive measures in context of dental caries, ... Some of the topics have been contributed by highly experienced colleagues from other dental colleges, bringing greater depth to ... This textbook deliberately takes a broader international perspective of the dental preventive measures. Optimal solutions of ...
EARLY-CHILDHToothpasteSilver diamine fluorideLesionsSodiumEnamelDentistryRoot cariesBacteriaPeriodontal diseaseTeethTreatment of dental cariesManagement of dental cariesPrevalence of dental cariesSalivaStreptococcusIncreases the risk of dental cariesPrevention of dentalLesionTopical fluoridePREVENT CARIESEfficacyVitroCompoundsTooth decayFluoridationBiofilmPlaqueClinicalStannous fluorideEtiology of dental cariesProgression of dental cariesDevelopment of dental cariesVarnishMutansAmount of fluorideMicroorganismsADOLESCENTSAntimicrobialIngestionPeriodontitisHigh fluorideSalivaryAbstractSystematic reviewCavitationBacterialChlorhexidineCavitiesChronicRate of cariesPatients undergoing orthodontiChildrenCalciumFluorosisIncidenceConcentrationsOral healthRiskActive cariesInitial cariesToxic effects of fluorideXYLITOLHygieneConventionalPractice
- The management of both cases is being discussed as well as the differences in the prevention of early childhood caries. (edu.au)
- Oral health has been largely forgotten since 2000, when the Surgeon General's report, Oral Health in America, declared early childhood caries a silent epidemic, five times more common than asthma and the most common chronic disease of childhood. (nln.org)
- The ADA recommends the following steps to prevent your child from getting early childhood caries. (emaxhealth.com)
- Formulating an effective toothpaste formula requires that fluoride (F) in toothpaste must be made available to the enamel microenvironment in reactive form (bioactive). (fluoridation.com)
- The study was based on the use of a toothpaste with antiphlogistic activity, containing Australian Melaleuca alternifolia oil (tea tree oil-TTO) and ethanolic extract of Polish propolis (EEP). (mdpi.com)
- The observed stabilisation of bacterial microflora confirms the beneficial activity of toothpaste containing EEP and TTO compared to the control group, where the lack of these substances contributed to the emergence of qualitative and quantitative changes in oral microbiome. (mdpi.com)
- She has remained free of lesions for 16 months without treatment except avoidance of fluoride toothpaste. (fluoridealert.org)
- Within one week the dermatitis cleared, and she remained free of dermatitis until April 1975, when she resumed use of a fluoride toothpaste. (fluoridealert.org)
- A commercial toothpaste containing 0.4% stannous fluoride was generally available in the United States around 1956 to 1957. (fluoridealert.org)
- Nuby UK LLP stated that, unlike many of their competitors' fluoride-free products, their All Training Toothpaste was sugar-free and sugar alcohol-free, and provided a list of the product ingredients. (asa.org.uk)
- The ASA noted that the ad stated "the toothpaste helps prevent tooth decay and is 99.99% effective against oral bacteria" and considered that consumers were likely to expect that the product, which was fluoride free and "all natural", was effective in helping the prevention of tooth decay amongst toddlers and that it was 99.99% effective against oral bacteria, including those that would cause tooth decay. (asa.org.uk)
- We understood that the Training Toothpaste did not contain fluoride, which we understood to be generally accepted as an ingredient effective in the prevention of dental caries. (asa.org.uk)
- OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low-fluoride (F-) toothpaste and sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) associated with xylitol and erythritol (XE) on enamel demineralization and biofilm composition. (bvsalud.org)
- CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Low-F- toothpaste containing TMP and polyols can be considered an effective and safe measure to improve the oral health of individuals, especially patients with high caries activity. (bvsalud.org)
- Toothpaste has fluoride in it. (kingstonist.com)
- OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of treatment with fluoridated toothpaste supplemented with a combination of sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (MI Paste Plus®) on the demineralization of dental enamel. (bvsalud.org)
- OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a fluoride toothpaste containing nano-sized sodium hexametaphosphate (HMPnano) on enamel demineralization on the biochemical composition and insoluble extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) in biofilm formed in situ. (bvsalud.org)
- Blocks were treated 3×/day with the following toothpastes: no F/HMP/HMPnano (Placebo), conventional fluoride toothpaste, 1100 ppm F (1100F), 1100F + 0.5% micrometric HMP (1100F/HMP), and 1100F + 0.5% nano-sized HMP (1100F/HMPnano). (bvsalud.org)
- CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This toothpaste could be a viable alternative to patients at high risk of caries. (bvsalud.org)
- To help reduce the risk of caries within a practice, practitioners generally have provided empirical standardized recommendations, including regular brushing, flossing, and use of fluoride toothpaste, for prevention of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- When choosing toothpaste samples for the testing, try to choose five very different samples (in terms of cost, color, consistency like paste vs. gel and special formulations, such as baking soda, tartar control, sensitive and denture formulas). (flinnsci.com)
- Keep in mind, however, that even if you choose some of these toothpastes to test, data may vary from that in the sample data table as toothpaste formulations are constantly changing. (flinnsci.com)
- Fluoride is added to toothpaste in order to fight tooth decay by helping to strengthen the enamel. (flinnsci.com)
- The study titled "A Study of the Anticaries Activity of Three Common Chewing Sticks and Two Brands of Toothpaste in South West Nigeria" was published in British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. (muftisays.com)
- The researchers evaluated three common chewing sticks and two brands of toothpaste in southwest Nigeria for the ability to control caries-causing bacteria. (muftisays.com)
- Three common chewing sticks - Fagara zanthoxyloides (FZ), Vernonia amygdalina (VA) and Massularia accuminata (MA)- and two brands of toothpaste- Close Up and Macleans- were evaluated for their anti-caries activities. (muftisays.com)
- However, the level in community fluoridation ranges from 0.7 ppm to 1.2 ppm and is likely to be lowered because of the availability of fluoride in toothpaste and other products has increased . (quackwatch.org)
Silver diamine fluoride5
- This study is being conducted to test whether the use of diammine silver fluoride (also called silver diamine fluoride) hardens the cavity sufficiently so that it arrests. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- In vitro: We found a good evidence of microbicidal efficacy of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) on selective cariogenic microbes in human dentine model. (biomedcentral.com)
- Caries-arresting effects of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride on dentine caries lesions. (bioportfolio.com)
- To investigate the remineralising effect and bacterial growth inhibition of 38% silver diamine fluoride (SDF) solution and 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish on artificial dentine caries lesions. (bioportfolio.com)
- Recently, with the development of better risk assessment tools and newer technologies that can identify the presence of dental caries lesions at an earlier stage with improved specificity, medicinal therapeutic interventions have been introduced, including the use of silver diamine fluoride products along with techniques such as resin infiltration, both of which can halt caries lesion progression. (cdeworld.com)
- Although fluoride is highly effective on smooth-surface caries, its effect would seem to be more limited on pit and fissure caries, and these lesions tend to dominate the caries experience of developed countries currently enjoying the benefits of fluoride. (prosestru.cz)
- Moreover, there is insufficient evidence on the application of AgNP-fluoride as an effective microbicidal against cariogens of dentine lesions. (biomedcentral.com)
- Relatively recent molecular studies have also uncovered other proteolytic microbes in deep-dentinal caries lesions that may facilitate collagenolysis and subsequent dentine tubular invasion. (biomedcentral.com)
- The lactic acid tolerance of S. wiggsiae's acid production might result in S. wiggsiae having high acidogenic and aciduric potential and make it ecologically competitive in acidic environments, such as caries lesions, where lactic acid predominates. (frontiersin.org)
- Such lesions progress rapidly and destroy the primary dentition, and moreover, they increase the risk of caries in the permanent teeth. (frontiersin.org)
- Twice daily use of fluoride dentifrices is well-established as being effective in reducing caries and reversing early carious lesions (Marinho et al. (dentalcare.com)
- Human enamel samples from extracted teeth - 3 mm diameter cores - were decalcified for 24 hours to produce early caries lesions 20-30 μm deep. (dentalcare.com)
- The study of biofilms will also evolve further and will result in improved medical treatments of caries lesions. (cdeworld.com)
- This question will become even more important as technologies allow very early detection of caries lesions. (cdeworld.com)
- The earlier caries lesions are detected, the greater the potential risk for over-treatment. (cdeworld.com)
- The aim of this study is to monitor the effect of intraoral topical high fluoride application on the development of white spot lesions (WSL) after orthodontic treatment with multibracket appliances and to compare it to a placebo. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Objective: To assess the anti-caries effect of arginine-containing formulations in vivo on caries lesions compared with fluorides or placebo. (researchgate.net)
- The application of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries began around 1942, (3) and by 1949 public health agencies offered treatment with 2% sodium fluoride to school-aged children throughout the United States. (fluoridealert.org)
- Stone and Willis (6,7) have shown that sodium fluoride and stannous fluoride in concentrations equal to those found in dentrifices are pro-inflammatory when applied in patch-test form to previously damaged skin, while patch testing over nontraumatized areas produced no inflammation. (fluoridealert.org)
- Examples of fluorides include sodium fluoride and calcium fluoride. (cdc.gov)
- Sodium fluoride readily dissolves in water, but calcium fluoride does not. (cdc.gov)
- Sodium fluoride is often added to drinking water supplies and to a variety of dental products, including toothpastes and mouth rinses to prevent dental cavities. (cdc.gov)
- Other fluoride compounds that are commonly used for water fluoridation are fluorosilicic acid and sodium fluorosilicate. (cdc.gov)
- When sodium fluoride was administered, the same histological changes in the thyroid were seen as are produced in endemic goiter. (poisonfluoride.com)
- 1932 - Maccioro (Italy) uses sodium fluoride in the successful treatment of hyperthyroidism. (poisonfluoride.com)
- 2,800 ppm sodium fluoride dentifrice has demonstrated 20.4% greater caries reduction compared to a regular 1,100 ppm sodium fluoride dentifrice (Biesbrock et al. (dentalcare.com)
- 2,500 ppm sodium monofluorophosphate dentifrice has demonstrated a 16-20% greater reduction in caries (DMFS) compared to 1,000 ppm (Stephen et al. (dentalcare.com)
- To examine the anticaries potential of a stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice with sodium hexametaphosphate (for cosmetic benefits). (dentalcare.com)
- The fluoride compounds, sodium fluoride NaF and fluorosilicic acid H2SiF6, added into municipal water for human ingestion purposes are synthesized artificially by industrial reaction and have been used as rodenticides, insecticides, and pediculicides, with acute oral lethal doses in experimental animals comparable to arsenic and lead (LD50 ~ 125 mg/kg) (The Merck Index ) due to the fluoride at ~60-90 mg/kg. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- NaF + CHX group (Noplak Max®: 0.05% sodium fluoride + 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate). (bvsalud.org)
- A 2-year double-blind randomized three-treatment controlled parallel-group clinical study compared the anti-caries efficacy of two dentifrices containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound (di-calcium phosphate or calcium carbonate) and 1,450 ppm fluoride (F), as sodium monofluorophosphate, to a control dentifrice containing 1,450 ppm F, as sodium fluoride, in a silica base. (researchgate.net)
- Poison tap water has become the number one trending search term on Google Trends today after our efforts to bring attention to how sodium fluoride in tap water is a deadly health threat went viral. (jehovahs-witness.com)
- A caries lesion occurs when acids produced by bacterial glycolysis of dietary carbohydrates cause demineralization of the tooth enamel. (springer.com)
- The plaque biofilm microbiota comprising a cariogenic microbiome is the prime mover of both enamel and dentinal caries. (biomedcentral.com)
- Influence of fluoride varnish on shear bond strength of a universal adhesive on intact and demineralized enamel. (bioportfolio.com)
- The aim was to evaluate the effect of fluoride varnish on the shear bond strength (SBS) on polished and non-polished intact and demineralized enamel. (bioportfolio.com)
- Subsequently, quantity of EPS from biofilms and caries lesion depth were determined by means of colorimetric and cross-sectional enamel hardness (ΔKHN) analysis. (bvsalud.org)
- Fluoride uptake into demineralized enamel: single-treatment, mechanism-of-action study. (dentalcare.com)
- and fluoride (F), calcium (Ca), and phosphorus (P) in the enamel. (bvsalud.org)
- The percentage of surface hardness loss (%SH), integrated loss of subsurface hardness (ΔKHN), and enamel calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and fluoride (F) were determined. (bvsalud.org)
- Methods In this observational, cross-sectional, census-based, descriptive study, 33 professionals completed a questionnaire designed to evaluate their approach to management of occlusal caries in enamel and dentin of deciduous teeth in different risk situations. (bvsalud.org)
- Fluoride acts by replacing some of the mineral on the enamel and by suppressing the bacteria's ability to generate acids. (flinnsci.com)
- J. M. ten Cate and J. D. B. Featherstone, "Mechanistic aspects of the interactions between fluoride and dental enamel," Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine , vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 283-296, 1991. (hindawi.com)
- The chief ingredient in normal teeth enamel is hydroxyapatite that contains calcium phosphate, not fluoride. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to determine whether the addition of chlorhexidine (CHX) to a mouthwash containing fluoride (F) diminishes the concentration of soluble F and its reactivity with bovine dental enamel. (bvsalud.org)
- Conclusion: The addition of CHX to a mouthwash containing F did not decrease its soluble F concentration, nor its reactivity to bovine dental enamel. (bvsalud.org)
- although it cleans the tooth, it also removes a lot of dental enamel, so there would not be much tooth left after a few years! (checkdent.com)
- the low pH environment within the biofilm's matrix results in dissolution of enamel, thus initiating the pathogenesis of dental caries. (biomedcentral.com)
- Chronic plasma fluoride levels in the range of 2-12 mumol/L , attained by fluoride in drinking water for extended periods of time, induce disturbances in forming enamel in most species, including humans" ( Bronckers et al, 2009 ). (poisonfluoride.com)
- Unlike fluoride products which seal the tooth's enamel surface, GreenMark's treatment products are designed to target the enamel subsurface. (e-dental.com)
- dental examination forms and questionnaires among the department of pediatric dentistry of the 29 dental colleges in Japan in order to master the state of the prevention and progress control of caries, and the parents education from June to October in 1999. (nii.ac.jp)
- Dentistry maintains that fluoride ingestion and topical fluorides are the principal factors involved in the decline of tooth decay in the last 50 years. (fluoridation.com)
- Although dentistry recognizes that dental caries management encompasses more than restoring the consequences of the disease, caries risk assessment and management that go beyond traditional restorative care have not always had a strong and organized voice during clinical curriculum development and competency assessment in U.S. dental schools. (jdentaled.org)
- Dental education is in the unique position of being able to help bridge the gap to improve dissemination of new information and to enhance communication between research and the practice of dentistry to accelerate adoption of validated approaches for the diagnosis and management of dental caries. (jdentaled.org)
- The scientists from West China School of Stomatology and Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam have figured out the main active ingredient of Galla Chinensis, a natural herb, and further improved its anti-caries efficacy. (eurekalert.org)
- In Dentistry, dental caries is the most prevalent disease and the major reason for tooth loss, 2 representing a major challenge for oral health care. (scielo.br)
- Secondary caries is a major problem in restoration dentistry which develops at leaky crown margins or insufficient other restorations. (hindawi.com)
- Although Public Health Dentistry is concerned with oral health of the population rather than dental needs of an individual patient, the ultimate beneficiary of public health programs is an individual. (jaypeedigital.com)
- As expected in a book of Public Health Dentistry, epidemiology, etiology, and preventive measures in context of dental caries, periodontal diseases and oral cancer have been discussed in detail. (jaypeedigital.com)
- Forensic dentistry, Occupational hazards, Ergonomics in dentistry and Financial aspects of dental health practice are attracting greater attention these days. (jaypeedigital.com)
- J. D. Featherstone, "The caries balance: the dimensions for caries management by risk assessment," Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry , vol. 2, supplement 1, pp. 259-264, 2004. (hindawi.com)
- December 1, 2018 Topics include: Root caries treatment failure risks, lycopene- enriched olive oil spray treatment for medication induced xerostomia, probiotics to reduce risk for oral candidiasis in older patients and shortened dental arch treatment options. (ada.org)
- 1987). Less is known about the causes of root caries than about caries of the tooth crown, but possible risk factors include increased longevity of the population and longer retention of teeth in adults (Carlos, 1984). (nap.edu)
- The cause of caries involves various physical, biological, environmental, and lifestyle factors-for example, cariogenic bacteria, inadequate salivary flow, insufficient exposure to fluoride, and poor oral hygiene, 5 and the crucial event in the clinical course is the initial acquisition of Streptococcus mutans . (bmj.com)
- Both CPC mouthrinses exhibited lower MIC's, that is, greater antimicrobial activity, against oral Gram-negative bacteria especially periodontal pathogens and species implicated in halitosis such as Aggregatibacter actinomycemcomitans, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Solobacterium moorei than the control mouthrinse. (nih.gov)
- Whilst the chlorhexidine mouthrinse was most effective, mouthrinses containing 0·05% CPC formulated with or without alcohol demonstrated broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against both laboratory strains and supragingival plaque bacteria compared to a control mouthrinse without CPC. (nih.gov)
- Dental decay is mainly due to demineralization which is caused by acids produced by bacteria, particularly mutans Streptococci and possibly lactobacilli that ferment dietary carbohydrates. (prosestru.cz)
- This occurs within a bacteria-laden gelatinous material called dental plaque that adheres to tooth surfaces and becomes colonized by bacteria. (prosestru.cz)
- Thus, caries results from the interplay of three main factors over time: dietary carbohydrates, cariogenic bacteria within dental plaque, and susceptible hard tooth surfaces [ 3 ]. (prosestru.cz)
- Fluoride's anti-caries efficacy is well-proven and may arise from multiple modes of action, i.e., inhibition of tooth demineralization, promotion of incipient lesion remineralization, and perhaps, antibacterial effects on cariogenic bacteria [ 9 ]. (prosestru.cz)
- Galla Chinensis was revealed to inhibit the acid production of caries-associated bacteria as well as make teeth more resistant to acidic attack. (eurekalert.org)
- These studies have expanded the focus of caries research beyond cariogenic bacteria to health-related, ADS-positive bacteria. (springer.com)
- Oral bacteria that colonize the teeth form dental plaque, a multispecies microbial biofilm associated with the development of dental caries. (springer.com)
- Consequently, a major focus of caries research has been on identifying and characterizing acid-generating bacteria and the mechanisms of acid resistance of cariogenic bacteria. (springer.com)
- Yet, very few studies have directly examined the alkali-generating bacteria capable of effecting plaque neutralization, many of which appear critical to dental health. (springer.com)
- Research has identified carbohydrates, oral bacteria, tooth anatomy, along with their time of interaction as the main pathobiological etiology for dental caries. (wikipedia.org)
- Dental biofilm, called plaque, is a histologically structured, dense, felted mass of bacteria in their self-produced extracellular polymeric matrix [ 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
- The 50% inhibitory concentration of fluoride for acid production was 8.0 mM at pH 7.0 and 1.5 mM at pH 5.5, which were much higher than those of representative caries-associated bacteria, such as Streptococcus mutans . (frontiersin.org)
- They also provided a certificate of analysis of a test measuring the antimicrobial activity of the product on bacteria. (asa.org.uk)
- Conclusion: Green tea has antibacterial activity against predominant cariogenic bacteria namely S. mutans and L. acidophilus. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Cariogenic bacteria in supragingival dental plaque, predominantly Mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli, metabolize fermentable carbohydrates to produce acids that cause demineralization of the dental hard tissues. (dentalcare.com)
- With an increase in tooth decay and gum diseases all over the world, there is need to produce oral cleaning agents that will better control caries-causing bacteria. (muftisays.com)
- Conventional mouthwashes, purportedly designed to kill or control microbes which contribute to plaque and caries development, are not only generally ineffective as oral bacteriocides or bacteriostats but may even promote infection by oral bacteria and fungus by removing cornified epithelial layers and thereby allowing the escape of fluids and defensive cells which normally combat infection. (google.com)
- Historically, it was understood that for caries to occur, a tooth, a fermentable carbohydrate, and bacteria must to be present. (cdeworld.com)
- 5 Recent research suggests that although this supposition is correct, as carbohydrates are metabolized by bacteria, the decrease in the pH will greatly contribute to the caries process. (cdeworld.com)
- 8 He stated that cariogenic bacteria may occur naturally in dental plaque. (cdeworld.com)
- It is prudent for the dental practitioner to keep in mind that in health, the elements for disease (carbohydrate metabolism by potentially cariogenic bacteria) are continually present. (cdeworld.com)
- The increased acid due to the increased numbers of acid-producing bacteria will lead to demineralization and caries. (cdeworld.com)
- Dental decay is the demineralization of the tooth due to the fermentation of carbohydrates by bacteria such as Mutans streptococcus present in dental plaque. (kenyon.edu)
- An explanation of the tooth demineralization process and the role dietary sugars, dental plaque and oral bacteria (and their acidic waste products) have in causing it. (animated-teeth.com)
- The type and number of bacteria living in dental plaque. (animated-teeth.com)
- The microorganisms responsible for caries are bacteria of the Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus species. (czytelniamedyczna.pl)
- The aim of this study was an in vitro assessment of the bactericidal and fungicidal action of eight mouthrinses used in home oral hygiene, with reference to selected species of bacteria and yeast most frequently observed in dental caries and periodontitis. (czytelniamedyczna.pl)
- A loss of saliva increases the acidity of the mouth, which affects many factors that contribute to the development of caries, such as proliferation of acid-producing bacteria, inability to buffer the acid produced by bacteria or from ingested foods, loss of minerals from tooth surfaces and inability to replenish the lost minerals, and loss of lubrication. (jcda.ca)
- While genetic testing holds potential for clinical application in the future, clinical measurements remain the best approach to assessment of caries and periodontal disease at this time. (ada.org)
- The principal diseases of the mouth such as caries, periodontal disease and oral cancer are lifestyle dependent. (jaypeedigital.com)
- According to a Brazilian dental survey carried out in 2000, dental caries and periodontal disease have proven to be the most prevalent pathological manifestations in the oral cavity. (bvsalud.org)
- The invention provides novel compositions for promoting oral health e.g. for ameliorating, controlling or reducing the risk of dental caries or periodontal disease such as gingivitis or periodontitis. (sumobrain.com)
- Study question Does maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to tobacco smoke at age 4 months increase the risk of caries in deciduous teeth? (bmj.com)
- The main outcome measure was the incidence of caries in deciduous teeth, defined as at least one decayed, missing, or filled tooth assessed by qualified dentists without radiographs. (bmj.com)
- 1 In developed countries, the prevalence of caries in deciduous teeth remains high (20.5% in children aged 2 to 5 years in the United States 2 and 25.0% in children aged 3 years in Japan), 3 and established measures for caries prevention in young children is limited to sugar restriction, oral fluoride supplementation, and fluoride varnish. (bmj.com)
- The prevalence of dental caries is most often expressed as dmft (decayed, missing, and filled teeth) for primary dentition and DMFT for permanent teeth (Barmes and Sardo-Infirri, 1977). (nap.edu)
- Caries of the tooth crown is still predominantly a disease of children and adolescents, although caries of the root surface of the teeth, secondary to exposure of the root by recession of the gingivae, is becoming more prevalent among older adults (Miller et al. (nap.edu)
- Teeth prepared for indirect restoration expose much more dentine than healthy teeth, a fact that also must be taken into account when considering caries progress. (hindawi.com)
- Caries experience was low when parents did toothbrushing for children, when teeth were brushed at bedtime, and when fluoride toothpastes were used. (kapd.org)
- The teeth were caries free, without stains, fissures, filling or hypoplasia observed at inspection under standard conditions. (mdpi.com)
- Teeth were brushed (for 2-3 min, twice a day, for 21 days), with five different toothpastes (four commercially available and an experimental one) containing fluoride and hydroxyapatite. (mdpi.com)
- In the 1930s, NIH (National Institute of Health) scientist Dr. H. Trendley Dean performed experiments showing that the chemical fluoride helped prevent dental carries in children's teeth. (nih.gov)
- This led to the recommendation to add fluoride to America's drinking water, a process that began in Michigan in the 1940s and continues to this day, in the attempt to save millions of children from the pain and suffering caused by cavities, dental fillings, and teeth pulling. (nih.gov)
- The story of fluoride and drinking water actually begins with mottled teeth. (nih.gov)
- Dean wanted answers to many questions: Was fluoride really the only cause of mottled teeth? (nih.gov)
- He started to notice something surprising: though the mottled teeth were stained, they were otherwise healthy and in fact less prone to dental caries than the teeth in "normal" children. (nih.gov)
- Objective To evaluate the approaches used by Family Health Strategy dentists in the city of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, for management of occlusal caries in primary teeth. (bvsalud.org)
- For active carious dentin in primary teeth with high risk/activity and with low risk/activity, invasive approaches were most prevalent (93.9% and 78.8%, respectively), with complete caries removal (74.2%) and glass-ionomer restoration (69.2%) being the most frequent responses. (bvsalud.org)
- The grades will be assessed visually on all upper front teeth using a standard dental probe. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- 1938): Dental health of all teeth will be assessed with respect to decay (D), missing (M) or filling (F). The DMFT-Index will be calculated. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- It has no nutritive value  or physiologic function but has been believed by some to be useful for teeth based on an initial correlation with natural calcium fluoride in drinking water [1, 8]. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- Artificial teeth from the test tube - what's the truth? (checkdent.com)
- Dental infections of the teeth and gums are arguably the most common bacterial infections in humans. (kenyon.edu)
- Fissures and contact sites between teeth are the most caries prone parts of the tooth (see figure 1). (kenyon.edu)
- 2 Dental pellicle acts as a selectively permeable barrier to calcium and phosphate ions, but not to acids, and aids in the prevention of demineralization and in the remineralization of teeth. (jcda.ca)
- For a history of how drinking water fluoridation began, see "Fluoride, Teeth and the Atomic Bomb" , by investigative reporters Joel Griffiths and Chris Bryson. (fluoridealert.org)
- Then, as EPA was engaged in revising its drinking water standard for fluoride in 1985, an employee came to the union with a complaint: he said he was being forced to write into the regulation a statement to the effect that EPA thought it was alright for children to have "funky" teeth . (fluoridealert.org)
- Fluoride itself also weakens teeth and bones (it makes them more resistant to acid, but makes teeth and bones brittle and softer). (jehovahs-witness.com)
- Children's teeth are meant to last a lifetime," Dr. Feldman said, "and with proper care, a balanced diet and regular dental visits, children can have a lifetime of healthy smiles. (emaxhealth.com)
Treatment of dental caries3
- Prevention and treatment of dental caries are related to behavioral factors, including dietary and oral hygiene habits, which are related to many chronic diseases. (scielo.br)
- 2,3] Hence, such materials can be considered as low-cost restorative strategies for the rapid treatment of dental caries. (thefreelibrary.com)
- 1-9 Since more children are being diagnosed with ADHD today than ever before, causes and treatment of dental caries in children with ADHD are of great interest to the dental community and to the public. (cdeworld.com)
Management of dental caries3
- 2 In 2001, a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Statement recognized a paradigm shift in the management of dental caries as a disease process. (jdentaled.org)
- 3 This paradigm shift from a predominantly surgical model should be correspondingly reflected as changes in the modern management of dental caries. (jdentaled.org)
- Therefore, there is a continuous need to improve dissemination of information and communication between the research and practice domains (Figure 1 ⇓ ) to accelerate adoption of needed and validated approaches for the diagnosis and management of dental caries. (jdentaled.org)
Prevalence of dental caries6
- Takeuchi (1961) provided time-trend data supportive of Sreebny's cross-sectional findings and reported that the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children decreased precipitously during the late 1940s in association with the severe reduction in sugar supplies during World War II. (nap.edu)
- 2009). The prevalence of dental caries in the general population is significant throughout the world and particularly affects people in regions where consumption of refined sugar is high. (dentalcare.com)
- Although the Surgeon General called for pediatric preventive oral health practices to be integrated into well-child care, evidence from national databases reveals that the incidence and prevalence of dental caries continue to be high, especially in lower socioeconomic and minority group populations. (nln.org)
- Studies have been conducted that support the anecdotal evidence that children with ADHD have a signifi¬cantly higher prevalence of dental caries than children without ADHD. (cdeworld.com)
- 2-6 Since xerostomia (dry mouth) has been reported as a side-effect of methylphenidate, and dextroamphetamine medications and non-stimulant medications such as serotonin reuptake medicines and tricyclic antidepressants commonly used to manage the symptoms of ADHD, it is hypothesized that xerostomia may contribute to a higher prevalence of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- Only studies that either identified or examined the prevalence of dental caries in children with ADHD and/or those who discussed and/or used xerogenic medication as a variable were included in this review. (cdeworld.com)
- The second observation is the recognition that saliva itself has a satutary effect on the aforementioned caries causing factors which include some means for raising oral pH. (google.ca)
- It is an object of the present invention to provide a replacement or supplement to the caries protective portion of saliva. (google.ca)
- A protective dental film formed by exposing surfaces of the oral cavity to a preparation capable of coacting with saliva to produce one or more tenacious and continuous barrier layers upon tooth and tissue surfaces. (google.com)
- Industrial fluoride ingested from treated water enters saliva at levels too low to affect dental caries. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- Patients exhibiting rampant caries have either frequent or excessive sucrose intake or low saliva flow, and are also found to have elevated levels of Mutans streptococcus in their saliva. (kenyon.edu)
- Saliva is an important defense mechanism against dental decay for it's buffering and remineralization abilities. (kenyon.edu)
- Patients with xerostomia, or dry mouth, resulting from various causes, are at higher risk for developing caries because of a loss of saliva and its benefits. (jcda.ca)
- In addition, patients with insufficient saliva may also suffer from increased risk of oral infections, a higher rate of caries, increased dental expenses and decreased quality of life. (jcda.ca)
- As a result of the development of new products, an aggressive approach to caries management can now minimize the damage to the dentition associated with the lack of saliva. (jcda.ca)
- Various lipids, glycoproteins and proteins contained in saliva also deposit onto the tooth surface to form dental pellicle. (jcda.ca)
- Healthy saliva has been shown to play many important functions in the prevention of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- 2,7-9 Saliva production, the body's natural protection system against dental caries, may be reduced by these medications. (cdeworld.com)
- A reduction in saliva flow is considered to be a factor in dental caries risk. (cdeworld.com)
- Healthy saliva plays many important functions in the prevention of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- Reduction of salivary flow or changes in the composition of the saliva caused by medications in children with ADHD may have an effect on the risk of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- Additional sources were located using the search terms "attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder," "dental caries," "xerostomia and dental caries" and "saliva and dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- These particles make an ideal carrier for medical and dental applications, given enzymes in our body and saliva degrade starch. (e-dental.com)
- Dental caries is the localized demineralization of the tooth surface caused by organic acid metabolites of oral microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans . (nap.edu)
- Streptococcus mutans is the main etiological agent of dental caries caused by dental biofilm. (hindawi.com)
- Context: Dental caries, a ubiquitous multifactorial infectious disease, is primarily caused by microorganisms like Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Effect of the Sonicare Flexcare power toothbrush on fluoride delivery through Streptococcus mutans biofilms," Compendium , vol. 28, no. 9, supplement 1, pp. 15-22, 2007. (hindawi.com)
- The association of specific bioactive flavonoids and terpenoids with fluoride can modulate the development of cariogenic biofilms by simultaneously affecting the synthesis of exopolysaccharides (EPS) and acid production by Streptococcus mutans , which enhanced the cariostatic effectiveness of fluoride in vivo . (biomedcentral.com)
- Mutans streptococcus is one of these cariogenic oral pathogens found in dental plaque. (kenyon.edu)
- Dental plaque forms despite the fact that Mutans streptococcus is not a particularly effective colonizer. (kenyon.edu)
Increases the risk of dental caries2
- Background: The insertion of fixed orthodontic appliances increases the risk of dental caries, particularly in adolescents. (tudelft.nl)
- The focus of this review is to determine if any evidence exists to confirm that stimulant medication used to treat the symptoms of ADHD in children increases the risk of dental caries by virtue of its effect on the reduction of salivary flow. (cdeworld.com)
Prevention of dental10
- The management and prevention of dental caries beyond the restoration of tooth structure must be incorporated into existing practice using the best evidence-based information available. (jdentaled.org)
- Various steps in prevention of dental caries have been taken, fluoride being the most common among them. (prosestru.cz)
- Various non- fluoride agents are also present which helps in prevention of dental caries. (prosestru.cz)
- This paper reviews about these non-fluoride agents in the prevention of dental caries. (prosestru.cz)
- Apart from fluoride, dental health education programme, diet counselling, oral hygiene measures like dentifrices, different brushing technique are also used in prevention of dental caries. (prosestru.cz)
- Various anti plaque agents, and other agents like enzymes have been effectively used as prevention of dental caries. (prosestru.cz)
- Since 1970's researches started to search for non-fluoride agents for the prevention of dental caries [ 12 ]. (prosestru.cz)
- The prevention of dental caries based on common risk-factor strategies (diet and hygiene) should be supplemented by more disease-specific policies such as rational use of fluoride, and evidence-based dental health care. (scielo.br)
- Extensive coverage has been given to the role of fluoride in the prevention of dental caries. (jaypeedigital.com)
- Plaque control plays a fundamental role in the prevention of dental caries and periodontitis. (czytelniamedyczna.pl)
- These events are the caries process, while the resulting caries lesion is the sign of the disease. (scielo.br)
- 1 By controlling the caries process, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of its signs (caries lesion). (scielo.br)
- The present study evaluated the ability of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus species associated with streptococci to increase insoluble extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production and initial caries lesion progression. (bvsalud.org)
- In conclusion, associations of B. animalis and B. longum with streptococci promoted EPS production and caries lesion progression. (bvsalud.org)
- This is because clinical caries detection tools generally have not had the level of sensitivity needed to identify a caries lesion at a stage early enough to make medicinal therapeutic treatment a viable option. (cdeworld.com)
- For example, if one detects a suspected caries lesion in a visual examination, how certain can one be that it is in fact a caries lesion? (cdeworld.com)
- Dental decay begins with subsurface demineralization causing the formation of a subsurface lesion known as a white spot followed by cavitation. (kenyon.edu)
- The results of this pivotal clinical study support the conclusion that dentifrices containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound and 1,450 ppm F provide significantly greater protection against caries lesion cavitation, in a low to moderate caries risk population, than dentifrices containing 1,450 ppm F alone. (researchgate.net)
- The 1950s saw the establishment of the IHS and with it the assignment of additional PHS dental officers, the building of permanent health facilities, formal training programs for Indian dental assistants, and an emphasis on the use of topical fluoride treatments to prevent dental decay. (ihs.gov)
- Professionally applied topical fluoride should be used judiciously and is indicated only in patients with moderate or high caries activity. (nih.gov)
- D. J. White, D. G. Nelson, and R. V. Faller, "Mode of action of fluoride: application of new techniques and test methods to the examination of the mechanism of action of topical fluoride," Advances in Dental Research , vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 166-174, 1994. (hindawi.com)
- If a cavity is formed as a consequence of the metabolic activity of the biofilm, a restorative material or a sealant can be placed to block access of the biofilm to the oral environment in order to prevent caries progress. (scielo.br)
- Avoiding initial colonization is merely impossible, therefore it is necessary to develop other methods to prevent caries. (hindawi.com)
- In vitro , 16 oral bacterial strains were tested using agar diffusion susceptibility, minimum inhibitory and minimum bactericidal concentration tests. (frontiersin.org)
- The effect of inhibiting tooth demineralization was tested using an in vitro pH-cycling regime, which mimicked the periodic pH change in mouth. (eurekalert.org)
- Objective: Determine the in vitro antibacterial activity of three fluoride-free toothpastes and two control solutions against standard Streptococccus mutans strains. (bvsalud.org)
- The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the antimicrobial effect of five dental luting cements which were based on glass ionomer cement technology. (hindawi.com)
- Anita P, Sivasamy S, Madan Kumar PD, Balan IN, Ethiraj S. In vitro antibacterial activity of Camellia sinensis extract against cariogenic microorganisms. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Aim: The aim was to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of C. sinensis extract on S. mutans and L. acidophilus. (jbclinpharm.org)
- The in vitro experimental present study aimed to develop a more financially-viable ART material incorporated with Neem (Ethanolic Neem extract), which has proven antibacterial activity. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi determinar se a adição de clorexidina (CHX) a um enxaguatório contendo fluoreto (F) diminui a concentração de F solúvel e a sua reatividade com o esmalte dental bovino. (bvsalud.org)
- For the in vitro studies bacteriological tests were used, which assess the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the tested agents (4). (czytelniamedyczna.pl)
- Fluorides are properly defined as binary compounds or salts of fluorine and another element. (cdc.gov)
- The caries demineralization-remineralization balance described above is valid for all fluoride compounds which allow dissociation of the fluoride ion in the oral cavity. (dentalcare.com)
- The active compounds if isolated would be good caries-controlling components of herbal toothpastes. (muftisays.com)
- Three new flavonoids, (2R,3R)-3,5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone 3-(2-methyl)butyrate (1), (7′′R)-8-[1-(4′-hydroxy-3′-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-yl]chrysin (2), and (7′′R)-8-[1-(4′-hydroxy-3′-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-yl]galangin (3), together with 41 known compounds (4−44) were isolated from a methanolic extract of Mexican propolis. (blogspot.com.ar)
- Among the most frequently used substances in plaque control are chlorhexidine, belonging to the bis-biguanides, as well as cetylpiridinium chloride, a quaternary ammonium compound, phenolic compounds such as triclosan, oxidizing agents e.g. hydrogen peroxide, fluoride compounds e.g. a combination of fluoroamines and stannous fluoride, metal salts e.g. tin, zinc, and others e.g. hexetidine (5). (czytelniamedyczna.pl)
- Is fluoride ingestion and topical fluorides the principal factors involved in the decline of tooth decay in the last 50 years or are there other factors involved in the decreasing caries rates? (fluoridation.com)
- They referred to an article on the NHS Choices website and another on the website for National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research in the US, both of which explained the causes and process of tooth decay. (asa.org.uk)
- They said that helped to create good dental hygiene regimen and also helped to prevent tooth decay. (asa.org.uk)
- We therefore expected to see a body of evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of the ingredient Citroganix in helping to prevent dental caries amongst toddlers, including, for example, studies and scientific literature on the chemical properties of Citroganix and its use in the prevention of tooth decay. (asa.org.uk)
- Nigerian researchers have demonstrated that three local chewing sticks performed better than fluoride-based and conventional toothpastes in preventing tooth decay. (muftisays.com)
- Of the 200-300 microbe species indigenous to dental plaque, only a select few are cariogenic, meaning they cause tooth decay. (kenyon.edu)
- GreenMark's diagnostic product identifies early tooth decay known as dental caries that, if left untreated, may form into cavities. (e-dental.com)
- As tooth decay rises among the nation's preschoolers, the American Dental Association hopes that National Children's Dental Health Month and the annual ADA Give Kids A Smile campaign will serve as an urgent reminder. (emaxhealth.com)
- From the 1930's when the researches came to know the anti-caries effect of the fluoride, many gargantuan water fluoridation program have been implicated, but these programs has shown to be successful only in attaining a 50% caries reduction but none of them was able to contain the caries process [ 11 ]. (prosestru.cz)
- The first is that the high fluoride exposure group (2-10 mg/L range) had exposures that were much higher than what is deliberately maintained in public fluoridation programs (0.5-1.0 mg/L range), which was considered the low fluoride exposure group in these studies. (theness.com)
- The new study, unlike the studies in the Harvard review, is a study of exposure to fluoride through a public fluoridation program. (theness.com)
- The story of fluoridation," National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md, USA, June 2008, http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/topics/fluoride/thestoryoffluoridation.htm . (hindawi.com)
- Since then our opposition to drinking water fluoridation has grown, based on the scientific literature documenting the increasingly out-of-control exposures to fluoride, the lack of benefit to dental health from ingestion of fluoride and the hazards to human health from such ingestion. (fluoridealert.org)
- Another 1998 publication by Varner, Jensen and others (4) reported on the brain- and kidney damaging effects in rats that were given fluoride in drinking water at the same level deemed "optimal" by pro-fluoridation groups, namely 1 part per million (1 ppm). (fluoridealert.org)
- Fluoridation is the adjustment of the natural fluoride concentration to about one part of fluoride to one million parts of water. (jehovahs-witness.com)
- Dental plaque biofilm is part of the oral microbiome that co-evolves in symbiosis with the human host ( Marsh, 2012 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Oral hygiene is a major aspect when it comes to caries, since dental biofilm is its etiological factor. (scielo.br)
- An alternative to a more efficient biofilm control in occlusal areas is the use of dental sealants, which are only indicated for caries-active individuals. (scielo.br)
- Dental caries is defined as a chemical dissolution of the tooth mineral resulting from metabolic events taking place in the dental biofilm covering the affected area. (scielo.br)
- Undisturbed bacterial colonization and growth within the oral cavity lead to biofilm induced caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis [ 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Among the different strategies proposed for caries control, the treatments based on the disorganization of the dental biofilm associated with the use of fluoride (F) have been considered effective 2 . (bvsalud.org)
- The majority of biofilm matrices are rich in polysaccharides, and dental biofilms are no exception. (biomedcentral.com)
- Second, supragingival dental plaque obtained from 15 adults was incubated with the four mouthrinses to evaluate antimicrobial activity on micro-organisms in oral biofilms. (nih.gov)
- The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial potential of AX and the effects of a twice-daily oral rinse on dental plaque composition. (frontiersin.org)
- Oral hygiene procedures are effective in controlling dental caries, especially if plaque removal is performed adequately and associated with fluoride. (scielo.br)
- Continuous acidification of oral biofilms results in increases in the proportions of acid-producing and acid-tolerant organisms, a selective process that alters dental plaque pH homeostasis and shifts the demineralization-remineralization balance toward loss of tooth minerals. (springer.com)
- Besides, the microorganisms in dental plaque degrade the dietary carbohydrates producing lactic acid leading to localized demineralization and the eventual formation of dental caries. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Stabilized stannous fluoride may offer additional anti-caries benefits through the anti-bacterial actions of stannous which reduce the production of plaque acids (Kasturi et al. (dentalcare.com)
- Considerable effort has been expended in the past to develop mouthwashes and treatment agents which have some chemical activity useful in retarding plaque, caries, and calculus formation. (google.com)
- These include: salivary flow tests, 4 caries bacterial activity tests, pH tests, 11 and plaque-disclosing agents. (cdeworld.com)
- Dental plaque is the accumulation of bacterial communities in aggregates on the tooth surface. (kenyon.edu)
- In contrast, the chewing surface of the tooth is less prone to plaque formation but is the most prone to caries formation. (kenyon.edu)
- Results: On the basis of our literature search, we identified fluoride use and control of dental plaque levels (eg, tooth brushing and proxy brush usage) as target behaviors for preventing caries. (tudelft.nl)
- The 1970s stressed the refinement of the clinical program, with particular emphasis on productivity and the use of expanded function dental auxiliaries. (ihs.gov)
- This study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of two commercially available 0·05% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mouthrinses with or without alcohol and examined its antimicrobial activity on oral bacterial species including fresh clinical isolates compared to a chlorhexidine mouthrinse and a control fluoride mouthrinse without CPC. (nih.gov)
- This paper presents one example of how a dental school totally revamped its approach to teaching cariology-from a few lectures scattered throughout the curriculum to a Cariology Management Program that is integrated into all four years of the curriculum, that includes both didactic and clinical components, and that emphasizes critical thinking and problem solving. (jdentaled.org)
- Clinical evidence would suggest that increasing the concentration of fluoride above the conventional level of 1000 or 1500 ppm in dentifrices will give an increased benefit although there would appear to be something of a law of diminishing returns [ 10 ]. (prosestru.cz)
- The primary objective of the present appraisal was to systematically review the clinical (in vivo) applications and antimicrobial potential of silver-containing formulations in arresting dentinal caries. (biomedcentral.com)
- We have gathered clinical and historical data implicating fluoride dentrifices as an important etiologic factor in this dermatosis. (fluoridealert.org)
- 2) For the past eighteen months, we have been conducting a clinical study with the assumption that in some patients, fluoride dentrifices cause or aggravate perioral dermatitis. (fluoridealert.org)
- Clinical study to evaluate the efficiency of Flairesse fluoride varnish in improving dental health in South African school children. (bioportfolio.com)
- Caregivers' understanding of fluoride varnish: implications for future clinical strategies and research on preventive care decision making. (bioportfolio.com)
- The recommendations focus on changes in consumer knowledge, clinical practice, public health programs, health-care financing, and data and research activities. (cdc.gov)
- While the anti-caries effectiveness of acidulated phosphate fluoride gels has been clinically documented, the 2% neutral NaF gel has not been adequately tested, and further clinical verification is needed. (nih.gov)
- CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The combination of treatments with F, TMP, and MI Paste Plus® can be an effective alternative to improve the oral health of individuals, especially those with high activity of dental caries and at high risk for its development. (bvsalud.org)
- We are excited by our SBIR grant award and the assembly of this team of experts which will benefit our pre-clinical testing and clinical validation tremendously,' said Dr. Wendy Bloembergen, MD, MS, GreenMark's Vice President Clinical Affairs. (e-dental.com)
- Beginning in the early 1950s, dentists routinely recommended treatment with 8% stannous fluoride. (fluoridealert.org)
- We have initiated a double-blind, cross-over study in which we will use identical toothpastes except that one will contain stannous fluoride. (fluoridealert.org)
- The following study summaries represent a sample of research demonstrating the benefits of stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice for caries protection. (dentalcare.com)
Etiology of dental caries3
- The focus of this article is on the contribution of arginine metabolism to pH homeostasis in oral biofilms and its impact on the etiology of dental caries. (springer.com)
- This review will provide current information concerning the contribution of the ADS to pH homeostasis in oral biofilms and implications on the etiology of dental caries in the context of how arginine may positively influence the ecology of oral biofilms to foster dental health. (springer.com)
- 1 , 2 ] Oral microorganisms play a significant role in the etiology of dental caries. (jbclinpharm.org)
Progression of dental caries3
- Indeed, the use of mints [ 12 ] and dentifrices [ 13 - 17 ] containing arginine was highly effective at inhibiting the initiation and progression of dental caries. (springer.com)
- Ultimately, knowing how the risk factors play a role in the progression of dental caries will lead to appropriate risk management and product recommendations. (cdeworld.com)
- These tools not only aid the practitioner determine caries risk, but they may also motivate patients to improve their dietary habits, oral hygiene practices, or product choices to create an oral environment that is less favorable for the formation or progression of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
Development of dental caries1
- 2 Many risk factors contribute to the development of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- microbiology of C16G2 Varnish application in male and female dental subjects 12-75 years of age. (bioportfolio.com)
- Up to 33 subjects will receive multiple doses of study drug applied with a small brush typically used in dental varnish administration. (bioportfolio.com)
- The purpose of this study is to determine whether semi-annual fluoride varnish applications combined with caregiver counseling are effective in preventing and reducing a severe form of den. (bioportfolio.com)
- Effect of TiF varnish on microbiological changes and caries prevention: in situ and in vivo models. (bioportfolio.com)
- The aim of this study was to evaluate microbiological changes, oral soft tissue toxicity, and caries-preventive effect of an experimental titanium tetrafluoride (TiF) varnish compared with a commercia. (bioportfolio.com)
- To describe caregivers' understanding of fluoride varnish. (bioportfolio.com)
- An inner coating, as of varnish or other protective substance, to cover the dental cavity wall. (bioportfolio.com)
- Over long periods of time of xylitol use, S. mutans are observed to alter their enzymatic activity. (wikipedia.org)
- Enolase activity was inhibited by fluoride in S. wiggsiae , but it was more fluoride-tolerant than the enolase activity of S. mutans . (frontiersin.org)
- Microbiological investigations were carried out to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and zone of Inhibition of the test and control agents against S. mutans and L. acidophilus. (jbclinpharm.org)
- In the present study, we further investigated whether the biological actions of combinations of myricetin (flavonoid), tt -farnesol (terpenoid) and fluoride can influence the expression of specific genes of S. mutans within biofilms and their structural organization using real-time PCR and confocal fluorescence microscopy. (biomedcentral.com)
- The data show that the combination of naturally-occurring agents with fluoride effectively disrupted the expression of specific virulence genes, structural organization and accumulation of S. mutans biofilms, which may explain the enhanced cariostatic effect of our chemotherapeutic approach. (biomedcentral.com)
Amount of fluoride2
- 3. Provided the dose of "any drug" prescribed has been determined save and equally effective for "both body types", as has the amount of fluoride in optimally fluoridated water, then yes, the doctor would prescribe the same dosage for both. (kingstonist.com)
- however, they may hypothesize that there would be less foaming, different pH, different amount of fluoride (if the tap water contained some) or perhaps a different fragrance. (flinnsci.com)
- Hence, the use of the antimicrobial agent is warranted to limit the growth of cariogenic microorganisms and prevent dental caries. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Scardovia wiggsiae has been detected from caries in children and adolescents and has been suggested to be a caries-associated microorganism. (frontiersin.org)
- Adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances and dental professionals were included in the development process to increase the success of implementation. (tudelft.nl)
- Two different approaches were used to evaluate antimicrobial activity. (nih.gov)
- This is because of their well-known antimicrobial potential through the release of fluoride ions. (hindawi.com)
- Cements with antimicrobial potential may be worthwhile in preventing secondary caries. (hindawi.com)
- In addition to the symptom of dry mouth, xerostomia may present as difficulty swallowing dry food and given the lack of saliva's antimicrobial properties, an increase in dental caries, candida induced angular cheilitis and bacterial salivary gland infections. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- 3 ] Chlorhexidine, triclosan, cetyl pyridinium chloride, essential oils, fluoride based solution are some of the antimicrobial agents tested against oral microbes. (jbclinpharm.org)
- They concluded: "The chewing sticks used in this study showed good antimicrobial activity against the isolates and could provide better care than fluoride toothpastes. (muftisays.com)
- C. van Loveren, "Antimicrobial activity of fluoride and its in vivo importance: identification of research questions," Caries Research , vol. 35, supplement 1, pp. 65-70, 2001. (hindawi.com)
- 2)Prescribing 'fluoride' for human ingestion by unqualified agencies is not a safe medical practice. (kingstonist.com)
- The dental profession and the public should be well informed on the proper use of clinically proven products to achieve optimum effectiveness and minimize the risk of fluoride ingestion. (nih.gov)
- Natural calcium fluoride with low solubility and toxicity from ingestion is distinct from fully soluble toxic industrial fluorides. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- First, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined for each mouthrinse against a panel of 25 micro-organisms including species associated with dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis. (nih.gov)
- Suggests that high fluoride in water might be the cause of endemic goiter. (poisonfluoride.com)
- 501 preschool children from 4 to 6 years were examined for their salivary reductase activity and caries experience by Resazurin Disc Test and dental examination respectively. (kapd.org)
- Toothbrushing frequency had negative relation to salivary reductase activity and caries experience. (kapd.org)
- Salivary reductase activity and caries experience were high in bread & cookies group, chocolates & candies group, milk & soft drink group, and fruits & vegetables group in order. (kapd.org)
- Salivary reductase activity and caries experience were low when gum-chewing frequency was high. (kapd.org)
- Salivary reductase activity and caries experience were high when the amount of physical exercise was low. (kapd.org)
- Maintaining the oral health of patients with salivary gland dysfunction or hypofunction can be challenging for dental practitioners and patients. (jcda.ca)
- The dental health care provider can choose from a variety of commercial products that can be incorporated into a patient-specific treatment plan as needed, depending on the degree of loss of salivary flow. (jcda.ca)
- ABSTRACT Introduction: Toothpastes with active ingredients prevent dental caries in children. (bvsalud.org)
- Without adequate remineralization the caries balance is disturbed, resulting in net mineral loss that will eventually lead to cavitation. (dentalcare.com)
- Dental caries as well as periodontal diseases are disorders of bacterial origin. (czytelniamedyczna.pl)
- Comparison of the diameters obtained by the action of 0.12 percent chlorhexidine gluconate and distilled water with the fluoride-free toothpastes revealed statistically significant differences in only one of the cases (p (bvsalud.org)
- When the environment in the mouth becomes more acidic, dental cavities or other disorders may develop. (eurekalert.org)
- Replacing sugar with xylitol in food products may promote better dental health, but evidence is lacking on whether xylitol itself prevents cavities. (wikipedia.org)
- The dose of fluoride that's supposedly effective in preventing dental cavities is very close to the dose that, according to the Environmental Protection Agency, can cause harm for some children. (quackwatch.org)
- Dental caries, in particular, is considered "the single most common chronic childhood disease, and is most common in lower socioeconomic status groups, minorities, homeless and migrant populations, and children with disabilities and HIV disease. (jdentaled.org)
- This activity has been planned and implemented through the joint providership of Medscape, LLC and Preventing Chronic Disease . (cdc.gov)
- In this setting, we feel fluoride dentrifices may act topically as a pro-inflammatory agent potentiating and perpetuating a chronic perioral inflammatory dermatosis. (fluoridealert.org)
- Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in humans. (cdeworld.com)
- Decreased physical activity, hormones, malnutrition and chronic disease have been identified as factors contributing to this loss. (lifeextension.com)
- Acute lethal poisoning and also many of the chronic effects of fluoride involve alterations in the chemical activity of calcium by the fluoride ion. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- That's millions of children who now have a visible form of chronic fluoride toxicity. (quackwatch.org)
- These hazards include acute toxic hazard, such as to people with impaired kidney function , as well as chronic toxic hazards of gene mutations , cancer , reproductive effects , neurotoxicity , bone pathology and dental fluorosis . (fluoridealert.org)
- Dental Caries is a disease that impacts 96% of Americans and is the most prevalent chronic disease in the world. (e-dental.com)
Rate of caries1
- Indeed, Vietnam has had a much lower rate of caries than other grain eating areas for the last several thousand years. (tripod.com)
Patients undergoing orthodonti1
- Daily use of a self-applied fluoride gel is recommended for patients undergoing orthodontic treatment or to those affected with xerostomia as a result of disease or head and neck radiation therapy. (nih.gov)
- 2. Concerning the handing of uncooperative children, it was found that each college adopted some measures for them and the measures focused on caries prevention. (nii.ac.jp)
- 5. It was found that there were growing consciousness and knowledge of caries prevention and the importance of periodic examinations among parents and children, but it was insufficient yet. (nii.ac.jp)
- By identifying schools as a community locus at which dental equipment could be located on either a temporary or permanent basis, he initiated the program's early focus on school-aged children. (ihs.gov)
- Methods Population based retrospective cohort study of 76 920 children born between 2004 and 2010 in Kobe City, Japan who received municipal health check-ups at birth, 4, 9, and 18 months, and 3 years and had information on household smoking status at age 4 months and records of dental examinations at age 18 months and 3 years. (bmj.com)
- Are children ingesting too much fluoride? (fluoridation.com)
- The decline in dental caries in children in North America, Scandinavia, Britain, Ireland and many Commonwealth nations is well documented. (fluoridation.com)
- This article describes the aetiology and specific diagnoses of two different children that presented to the dental surgery with a form of dental caries. (edu.au)
- Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between 1999 and 2004 revealed that 28 percent of children ranging from 2 to 5 years of age had one or more primary tooth affected by dental caries and 51 percent of children had one or more primary tooth affected by age 6 to 11. (prosestru.cz)
- In the permanent dentition, 10 percent of children aged 6 to 8 had dental caries and 51 percent of children were affected by age 12 to 15 [ 2 ]. (prosestru.cz)
- Collaborative efforts and effective communication between medical and dental homes are essential to prevent oral disease and promote oral and overall health among children. (aapd.org)
- Equally, dentists can improve the overall health of children not only by treating dental disease, but also by proactively recognizing child abuse, preventing traumatic injuries through anticipatory guidance, preventing obesity by longitudinal dietary counseling, and monitoring of weight status. (aapd.org)
- Fluoride is an important mineral for young children. (quackwatch.org)
- Three trained and calibrated dentists examined the children at baseline and after 1 and 2 years using the National Institute of Dental Research Diagnostic Procedures and Criteria. (researchgate.net)
- At that level, EPA knew that a significant number of children develop moderate to severe dental fluorosis , but since it had deemed the effect as only cosmetic, EPA didn't have to set its health-based standard at a lower level to prevent it. (fluoridealert.org)
- Data from the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reveal that approximately one in four children (14 percent) aged 3 to 5 years living at the poverty level have untreated dental caries. (nln.org)
- The survey data further reveal that 19 percent of non-Hispanic Black children aged 3 to 5 years and 26 percent of Hispanic children aged 6 to 9 years had untreated dental caries, compared with non-Hispanic White children aged 3 to 5 years (11 percent) and 6 to 9 years (14 percent). (nln.org)
- This teaching strategy focuses on developing oral health competencies to educate parents and children on the importance of oral health and hygiene, fluoride, and having a dental home. (nln.org)
- A total of 91.9% of medically compromised and 84.0% of healthy children had evidence of caries. (who.int)
- 7-9 In search of contributing factors to higher caries rates in children with ADHD, researchers have also investigated factors such as poor oral hygiene, high consumption of sugar-containing foods and beverages demographics, low IQ, low socioeconomic status of parents, dental anxiety, and pathophysiologic changes. (cdeworld.com)
- The present cohort study examined how lifestyle, household environment, and caries activity test score of Japanese children at age 1.5 years affected their dental caries incidence at age 3. (elsevier.com)
- Inclusion criteria were 1.5-year-old children with no dental caries. (elsevier.com)
- Dental examinations were performed for 33,655 children who participated in routine dental examinations at 1.5 years of age, and the exam was repeated approximately 21 months later (at age 3) at the Kobe City Public Health Center in Japan. (elsevier.com)
- It's sponsored each year by the American Dental Association (ADA) to raise awareness among families and policymakers about the critical importance to children of good practices of oral health. (emaxhealth.com)
- Held this year on Feb. 1, Give Kids A Smile provided more than 51,000 dental professionals offering dental services to an estimated 500,000 underserved children at more than 2,000 sites nationwide, free of charge. (emaxhealth.com)
- Oral health is such an important part of a child's overall good health, and yet it can be overlooked in young children," said ADA President Mark J. Feldman, D.M.D. "Good oral health practices should begin with an introductory dental visit before a child's first birthday. (emaxhealth.com)
- Preventive care such as cleanings and if necessary, fluoride treatments, provide children with "smile" insurance. (emaxhealth.com)
- Calcium fluoride is the compound in the common minerals fluorite and fluorspar. (cdc.gov)
- 1932 - Wilhelm May (Germany) also starts fluoride therapy in the treatment of hyperthyroidism, using calcium fluoride tablets, topical ointments, etc. (poisonfluoride.com)
- The effects of calcium ion and broad pH ranges on free fluoride ion aqueous concentrations were measured directly and computed theoretically. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- Solubility calculations indicate that blood fluoride concentrations that occur in lethal poisonings would decrease calcium below prevailing levels. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- Calcium fluoride is found in natural minerals and is not labeled a toxic compound because of the comparatively high lethal oral acute dose of the purified compound when tested in mammals (LD50 ~ 3,750 mg/kg). (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- Waters in the U.S. can contain natural calcium fluoride along with other calcium and magnesium salts (U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) ), but pure pristine fresh drinking water does not contain fluoride. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- The reported adverse consequences of adding fluoride lacking calcium into public water supplies include effects on man, animals, and the environment [1, 8-12]. (fluoridationqueensland.com)
- Fluoride also blocks calcium and magnesium from being absorbed. (jehovahs-witness.com)
- They called it 'La Fluorose' and 'Cachexie fluorique', using these terms to describe 'fluoride intoxication' (not yet described as 'dental fluorosis'), as induced by fluoride emissions from a Swiss aluminum smelter. (poisonfluoride.com)
- USA) report that fluoride and thyroid have synergistic effects on fluorosis in chicken. (poisonfluoride.com)
- 11. Armstrong SR . Fluoride supplements effective in reducing caries but associated with risk of fluorosis. (uiowa.edu)
- The most clearly visible side effect is dental fluorosis. (quackwatch.org)
- According to the Centers for Disease Control, dental fluorosis affects 41% of teenagers. (quackwatch.org)
- The 41% figure refers to all degrees of dental fluorosis, but the commonest forms- questionable, very mild, and mild fluorosis and most cases of moderate fluorosis-are barely visible and pose no problem whatsoever . (quackwatch.org)
- In dental caries, significant reductions in caries prevalence and incidence have been made by the introduction of fluoride. (eurekalert.org)
- The ADA and many other pro-fluoride organizations claim that the concentrations of fluoride used in laboratory investigations studying effects on enzymes are "hundreds of times higher" than is present in body fluids or tissues. (poisonfluoride.com)
- In 1995, Mullenix and co-workers (2) showed that rats given fluoride in drinking water at levels that give rise to plasma fluoride concentrations in the range seen in humans suffer neurotoxic effects that vary according to when the rats were given the fluoride - as adult animals, as young animals, or through the placenta before birth. (fluoridealert.org)
- Efforts to apply the COPC model to the IHS Dental Program were strengthened by the findings of oral health surveys of various Indian communities. (ihs.gov)
- This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is intended to encourage the development, implementation and testing of oral health promotion interventions directed at improving oral health across the lifespan. (nih.gov)
- Studies have shown that the antioxidant activity of flavonoids in green and black tea reduces the risk of many degenerative diseases and help maintain good oral health. (dilmahtea.com)
- Professional dental care is necessary to maintain oral health. (aapd.org)
- 12-18 The early dental visit to establish a dental home provides a foundation upon which a lifetime of preventive education and oral health care can be built. (aapd.org)
- The International Association for Dental Research (IADR) is a nonprofit organization with nearly 10,500 individual members worldwide, dedicated to: (1) advancing research and increasing knowledge for the improvement of oral health worldwide, (2) supporting and representing the oral health research community, and (3) facilitating the communication and application of research findings. (iadr.org)
- Caries can be prevented through good oral health behavior. (tudelft.nl)
- 4. It was found that the caries risk was affected by the state of eating between mails and the parent's attitude on caries. (nii.ac.jp)
- The risk of caries at age 3 years was 14.0% (no smoker in family), 20.0% (smoking in household but without evidence of exposure to tobacco smoke), and 27.6% (exposure to tobacco smoke). (bmj.com)
- What this study adds Exposure to tobacco smoke at 4 months of age was associated with an approximately twofold increased risk of caries, and the risk of caries was also increased among those exposed to household smoking, by 1.5-fold, whereas the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy was not statistically significant. (bmj.com)
- This has resulted in confusion and great variability between the need for risk-based caries management and prevention and how practitioners apply these concepts in private and community settings. (jdentaled.org)
- In this article we discuss health promotion related to dental caries, and the need to apply a common risk approach to prevention. (scielo.br)
- Evidence from translational science studies suggests that arginine metabolism in oral biofilms decreases the risk for caries development. (springer.com)
- Present strategies of deep-caries management include selective caries removal, to lessen the risk of pulp exposure and consequent complications, that can compromise the longevity of the tooth [ 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- The relationship of diet to dental caries risk was suspected as early as the fourth century B.C., when Aristotle hypothesized that dental caries was caused by consumption of sweet figs, which stuck to the tooth (Forster, 1927). (nap.edu)
- Given the ever-increasing availability of early caries detection tools, and more specific caries risk assessment tools, it will become increasingly possible to deploy nonsurgical approaches in the form of medicinal therapeutic interventions and avoid surgical restorative intervention. (cdeworld.com)
- Following the introduction of CAMBRA (Caries Management by Risk Assessment) in 2007, a number of recommendations for office protocols were introduced, and many companies have formulated products and procedures for implementing CAMBRA. (cdeworld.com)
- Understanding risk factors as they contribute to the caries process can help mitigate confusion and guide the practitioner when selecting materials for their practice. (cdeworld.com)
- The purpose of this article is to discuss the contribution of risk factors to the caries process and to introduce strategies that restorative dentists can utilize to minimize caries risk. (cdeworld.com)
- CAMBRA (Caries Management by Risk Assessment) was introduced in the Journal of the California Dental Association 1 in 2007, and recommendations for office protocols have been subsequently introduced. (cdeworld.com)
- These questionnaires are generally reviewed with the patient, who is subsequently assigned to a caries risk category. (cdeworld.com)
- 10 Some factors contribute to a patient's overall caries risk but do not place the patient at immediate risk. (cdeworld.com)
- Conversely, there are other risk factors that place a patient at an immediate risk for developing new dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- Practitioners may utilize adjunctive tools for aiding in determining caries risk. (cdeworld.com)
- I am deeply concerned that fluoride is not good for babies and that they are at risk for harmful side effects. (quackwatch.org)
- Some of these products are reviewed and a protocol for caries prevention in this high-risk population is proposed. (jcda.ca)
- Studies were reviewed for data relevant to a connection between xerogenic medications used to treat symptoms of ADHD and the risk of dental caries. (cdeworld.com)
- A child's late bedtime is also one of the major risk factors for dental caries development. (elsevier.com)
- The Company's diagnostic product, which will be used by dental professionals as part of the routine dental exam, contains fluorescently labeled starch particles that target active caries and illuminate them using a standard curing light found in every dental practice. (e-dental.com)
- To get an idea of what this balance can look like and how a disturbance manifests itself, watch the video clip titled, "Initial Caries" . (checkdent.com)
Toxic effects of fluoride2
- Burt concluded that Xylitol displayed non-cariogenic properties in all protocols tested. (wikipedia.org)
- 2014) also conducted a review where they showed the positive effects of Xylitol in gummy bears, syrups, mouthrinse, dentifrice on inhibiting dental caries. (wikipedia.org)
- It has been found that chewing gum containing xylitol is effective in preventing dental caries compared with not chewing gum or chewing sugared gum. (kenyon.edu)
- Dental health promotion therefore should be fully integrated into broadly based health-promoting strategies and actions such as food and health policies, and general hygiene (including oral hygiene), among others. (scielo.br)
- These factors include: diet high in fermentable carbohydrates, gingival recession, poor oral hygiene, deep pits and fissures (occlusal anatomy), and growing up without access to fluoride. (cdeworld.com)
- 1. Kwon S, Restrepo-Kennedy N, Dawson DV, Hernandez MM, Denehy GE, Blanchette DR, Gratton DG, Aquilino SA, Armstrong SR . Dental anatomy grading: comparison between conventional visual and a novel digital assessment technique. (uiowa.edu)
- Conventional assessment of the thyroid usually involves blood tests to measure thyroid hormone levels. (drbriffa.com)
- The conventional way to test thyroid function is to measure blood levels of TSH. (drbriffa.com)
- As research generates new ways to detect, diagnose, manage, and prevent dental caries, this information must influence and modify private practice and community and public health programs. (jdentaled.org)
- Simultaneously, the community's real and perceived dental needs and access to care also influence research needs and practice. (jdentaled.org)
- Dental education and dental schools are in the unique position of being able to help bridge the gap, helping to train our students to be critically thinking and problem-solving professionals, and to improve the dissemination of new information and communication between research and dental practice. (jdentaled.org)