The reproductive organs of plants.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE and order Rosales. This should not be confused with the genus RHODIOLA which is sometimes called roseroot.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
A plant family of the order Orchidales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). All orchids have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.
A superfamily of proteins that share a highly conserved MADS domain sequence motif. The term MADS refers to the first four members which were MCM1 PROTEIN; AGAMOUS 1 PROTEIN; DEFICIENS PROTEIN; and SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR. Many MADS domain proteins have been found in species from all eukaryotic kingdoms. They play an important role in development, especially in plants where they have an important role in flower development.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant genus of the family CARYOPHYLLACEAE. Members contain dianthins, which are ribosome inactivating proteins.
A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. Members contain DEFICIENS PROTEIN.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant homeotic protein involved in the development of stamens and carpels of Arabidopsis thaliana. It is a DNA-binding protein that contains the MADS-box domain. It is one of the four founder proteins that structurally define the superfamily of MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE. It can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS. SAPONINS have been identified in the root.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by oppositely paired, usually compound leaves and bell- or funnel-shaped, bisexual flowers having a five-lobed calyx and corolla.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus of the family Phrymaceae. Members contain 6-geranylflavanones and mimulone.
A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.
A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.
A plant genus in the family CONVOLVULACEAE best known for morning glories (a common name also used with CONVOLVULUS) and sweet potato.
Derivatives of ethylene, a simple organic gas of biological origin with many industrial and biological use.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The leaves are usually opposite and the flowers usually have four sepals, four petals, two stamens, and two fused carpels that form a single superior ovary.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. Members contain CITRIC ACID; MALATES; ANTHOCYANINS; FLAVONOIDS; GLYCOSIDES; DIETARY FIBER; and LIGNANS. Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS. Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES.
The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains antifungal plant defensin.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. The germacranolide sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, and costunolide diepoxide have been isolated from the leaves. Bark contains honokiol and magnolol. Parts are an ingredient of Banxia Houpo Tang.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.
An order of very small, fringed-wing INSECTS including many agricultural pests.
A plant genus of the family NYMPHAEACEAE. The common name of lotus is also used for LOTUS and NELUMBO.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
A plant genus in the family THEACEAE, order THEALES best known for CAMELLIA SINENSIS which is the source of Oriental TEA.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
A plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).
The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
A plant genus of the family ALISMATACEAE that grows in salty marshes and is used for phytoremediation of oil spills. The unisexual flowers have 3 sepals and 3 petals. Members contain trifoliones (DITERPENES).
A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
DEFICIENS is a homeotic gene involved in the genetic control of Antirrhinum majus flower development. Its protein is one of the four founder proteins that structurally define the superfamily of MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS.
A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE. Members contain allergens, tuliposide A and tulipalin A.
A plant family of the order Campanulales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. As a houseplant it sometimes poisons children and animals.
The Madder plant family of the order Rubiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida includes important medicinal plants that provide QUININE; IPECAC; and COFFEE. They have opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.
Tops of plants when in flower, including the stems, leaves and blooms.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Thirteen-carbon butene cyclohexene degradation products formed by the cleavage of CAROTENOIDS. They contribute to the flavor of some FRUIT. Ionone should not be confused with the similarly named ionol.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
Genes that encode highly conserved TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that control positional identity of cells (BODY PATTERNING) and MORPHOGENESIS throughout development. Their sequences contain a 180 nucleotide sequence designated the homeobox, so called because mutations of these genes often results in homeotic transformations, in which one body structure replaces another. The proteins encoded by homeobox genes are called HOMEODOMAIN PROTEINS.
The evening primrose plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Flower parts are mostly in fours and the ovary is inferior.
A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The tree, Persea americana Mill., is known for the Avocado fruit, the food of commerce.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE that contains triterpenoid saponins.

Dynamic localization of rop GTPases to the tonoplast during vacuole development. (1/3713)

Vacuoles are essential pleomorphic organelles that undergo dynamic changes during cell growth and differentiation in plants. How developmental signals are linked to vacuole biogenesis and development is poorly understood. In this report, we show that a Rop GTPase is localized to developing vacuoles in pea (Pisum sativum cv Extra Early Alaska). Rop belongs to the RHO family of Ras-related small GTP-binding proteins that are key molecular switches in a wide variety of eukaryotic signal transduction pathways. Using indirect immunofluorescence and an anti-Rop antibody, we showed that Rop proteins accumulate to high levels in rapidly growing tapetal cells of pea anthers. In these cells, Rop is localized to an endomembrane system that exists as dynamic pleomorphic networks: a perinuclear fine network decorated with punctate dots, a network composed of small spheres and tubules, and interconnected chambers. Colocalization with a tonoplast annexin VCaB42 shows that these dynamic networks represent the tonoplast. Our results suggest that the dynamic Rop-containing tonoplast networks represent a unique stage of vacuole development. The specific localization of Rop to developing vacuoles supports a role for Rop in signal transduction that mediates vacuole development in plants.  (+info)

A florigenic effect of sucrose in Fuchsia hybrida is blocked by gibberellin-induced assimilate competition. (2/3713)

The use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-selected ion monitoring along with a (13)C internal standard has allowed sensitive measurements of the sucrose (Suc) content of individual shoot apices of Fuchsia hybrida. With intact plants, as the photosynthetic irradiance increased, so did shoot apex Suc content, reaching saturation at about 500 micromol m(-2) s(-1). These same plants flowered at the higher irradiances, remaining vegetative in 10-h short days at an irradiance of 230 micromol m(-2) s(-1). The strong correlation (r = 0.93) in these studies between flowering and shoot apex Suc content indicates a role for Suc as a stimulus to flowering in this species. However, Suc is not the long-day (LD) "florigen" of F. hybrida because 2 to 4 LD given as a 14-h low-irradiance photoperiod extension (10-15 micromol m(-2) s(-1)) induced flowering but without increase in shoot apex Suc content. Flowering induced by either pathway, the LD- or the Suc-mediated one, was inhibited by applying gibberellin (GA) to the shoot tip. Such inhibition of flowering by GA, at least for the LD pathway, was associated with a reduced apex Suc content, enhanced elongation of subapical stem tissue, and a reduced import into the shoot apex of leaf-sourced assimilate. Thus, our findings show how GA inhibits flowering of F. hybrida and confirm the importance of nutrient diversion in regulating flowering.  (+info)

Cloning of an Arabidopsis patatin-like gene, STURDY, by activation T-DNA tagging. (3/3713)

Activation T-DNA tagging can generate dominant gain-of-function mutants by overexpression of a particular endogenous gene. We identified an activation-tagged mutant, sturdy, exhibiting a stiff inflorescence stem, thicker leaves, shorter siliques, larger seeds, round-shaped flowers, and delayed growth. It is most important that unlike its wild-type counterpart, this mutant is less prone to lodging. Cloning of STURDY revealed that in sturdy, there is an open reading frame containing a single intron encoding a patatin-like homolog. The T-DNA is inserted into the 3' region of the second exon. The mutant phenotype was shown to be the result of overexpression of STURDY by mRNA analysis and transgenic studies. Preliminary histological studies have revealed an increase in cell number in the inflorescence stem of mutant plants; however, additional studies are needed to better understand the overexpression phenotype.  (+info)

Petunia Ap2-like genes and their role in flower and seed development. (4/3713)

We have isolated three Apetala2 (Ap2)-like genes from petunia and studied their expression patterns by in situ hybridization. PhAp2A has a high sequence similarity to the A function gene Ap2 from Arabidopsis and a similar expression pattern during flower development, suggesting that they are cognate orthologs. PhAp2B and PhAp2C encode for AP2-like proteins that belong to a different subgroup of the AP2 family of transcription factors and exhibit divergent, nearly complementary expression patterns during flower development compared with PhAp2A. In contrast, all three PhAp2 genes are strongly expressed in endosperm. The phenotype of the petunia A-type mutant blind cannot be attributed to mutations in the petunia Ap2 homologs identified in this study, and reverse genetics strategies applied to identify phap2a mutants indicate that PhAp2A might not be essential for normal perianth development in petunia. Nevertheless, we show that PhAp2A is capable of restoring the homeotic transformations observed in flowers and seed of the ap2-1 mutant of Arabidopsis. Although the interspecific complementation proves that PhAp2A encodes a genuine Ap2 ortholog from petunia, additional factors may be involved in the control of perianth identity in this species.  (+info)

Optimisation of transgene action at the post-transcriptional level: high quality parthenocarpic fruits in industrial tomatoes. (5/3713)

BACKGROUND: Genetic engineering of parthenocarpy confers to horticultural plants the ability to produce fruits under environmental conditions that curtail fruit productivity and quality. The DefH9-iaaM transgene, whose predicted action is to confer auxin synthesis specifically in the placenta, ovules and derived tissues, has been shown to confer parthenocarpy to several plant species (tobacco, eggplant, tomato) and varieties. RESULTS: UC82 tomato plants, a typical cultivar used by the processing industry, transgenic for the DefH9-iaaM gene produce parthenocarpic fruits that are malformed. UC82 plants transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaM, a DefH9-iaaM derivative gene modified in its 5'ULR by replacing 53 nucleotides immediately upstream of the AUG initiation codon with an 87 nucleotides-long sequence derived from the rolA intron sequence, produce parthenocarpic fruits of high quality. In an in vitro translation system, the iaaM mRNA, modified in its 5'ULR is translated 3-4 times less efficiently than the original transcript. An optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy correlates with a reduced transgene mRNA steady state level in DefH9-RI-iaaM flower buds in comparison to DefH9-iaaM flower buds. Consistent with the known function of the iaaM gene, flower buds transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaM gene contain ten times more IAA than control untransformed flower buds, but five times less than DefH9-iaaM flower buds. CONCLUSIONS: By using an auxin biosynthesis transgene downregulated at the post-transcriptional level, an optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy has been achieved in a genetic background not suitable for the original transgene. Thus, the method allows the generation of a wider range of expressivity of the desired trait in transgenic plants.  (+info)

Evidence for an evolutionarily conserved interaction between cell wall biosynthesis and flowering in maize and sorghum. (6/3713)

BACKGROUND: Factors that affect flowering vary among different plant species, and in the grasses in particular the exact mechanism behind this transition is not fully understood. The brown midrib (bm) mutants of maize (Zea mays L.), which have altered cell wall composition, have different flowering dynamics compared to their wild-type counterparts. This is indicative of a link between cell wall biogenesis and flowering. In order to test whether this relationship also exists in other grasses, the flowering dynamics in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) were investigated. Sorghum is evolutionarily closely related to maize, and a set of brown midrib (bmr) mutants similar to the maize bm mutants is available, making sorghum a suitable choice for study in this context. RESULTS: We compared the flowering time (time to half-bloom) of several different bmr sorghum lines and their wild-type counterparts. This revealed that the relationship between cell wall composition and flowering was conserved in sorghum. Specifically, the mutant bmr7 flowered significantly earlier than the corresponding wild-type control, whereas the mutants bmr2, bmr4, bmr6, bmr12, and bmr19 flowered later than their wild-type controls. CONCLUSION: The change in flowering dynamics in several of the brown midrib sorghum lines provides evidence for an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that links cell wall biosynthesis to flowering dynamics. The availability of the sorghum bmr mutants expands the germplasm available to investigate this relationship in further detail.  (+info)

Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Crocus sativus L. stigma and petal extracts in mice. (7/3713)

BACKGROUND: Crocus sativus L. (saffron) is used in folk medicine, for example as an antiedematogenic agent. We aimed to evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of saffron extracts in mice. RESULTS: We used aqueous and ethanolic maceration extracts of Crocus sativus L. stigma and petals. Antinociceptive activity was examined using the hot plate and writhing tests. The effect of extracts against acute inflammation was studied using xylene induced ear edema in mice. The activity of the extracts against chronic inflammation was assessed by formalin-induced edema in the rat paw. In the hot plate tests, intraperitoneal injection of both extracts showed no significant antinociceptive activity in mice. The extracts exhibited antinociceptive activity against acetic acid induced writhing. Naloxone partially blocked only the antinociceptive activity of the stigma aqueous extract. Only the stigma extracts showed weak to moderate effect against acute inflammation. In chronic inflammation, both aqueous and ethanolic stigma extracts, as well as ethanolic petal extract, exerted anti-inflammatory effects. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that aqueous and ethanolic extracts of saffron stigma and petal have an antinociceptive effect, as well as acute and/or chronic anti-inflammatory activity.  (+info)

Inheritance of flower color in periwinkle: orange-red corolla and white eye. (8/3713)

The commonly found flower colors in periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus)--pink, white, red-eyed, and pale pink center--are reported to be governed by the epistatic interaction between four genes--A, R, W, and I. The mode of inheritance of an uncommon flower color, orange-red corolla and white eye, was studied by crossing an accession possessing this corolla color with a white flowered variety (Nirmal). The phenotype of the F(1) plants and segregation data of F(2) and backcross generations suggested the involvement of two more interacting and independently inherited genes, one (proposed symbol E) determining the presence or absence of red eye and another (proposed symbol O) determining orange-red corolla.  (+info)

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "flowers" is not a term that has a medical definition. The term "flowers" is commonly used to refer to the reproductive structures of flowering plants (angiosperms), which are characterized by having both male and female reproductive organs or separate male and female flowers.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health conditions, I would be happy to try to help answer those for you!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pollination" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Pollination is a process in biology, specifically in botany, that refers to the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organ (anther) of a flower to the female reproductive organ (stigma) of the same or another flower, leading to fertilization and the production of fruits and seeds.

If you have any medical terms or concepts in mind, please provide them so I can offer an accurate definition or explanation.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Plant Nectar" is not a term used in medical definitions. Nectar is a sweet liquid produced by plants in flowers to attract pollinators such as insects and birds. It's a sugar-rich substance that serves as a source of energy for these animals. While it may have some nutritional value, it's not something that would be relevant to medical definitions or human health in a direct sense.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Plant Structures" is not a medical term. It is a term used in the field of botany to refer to the different parts of a plant, such as roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits. Each of these structures has specific functions that contribute to the overall growth, reproduction, and survival of the plant. If you have any questions related to biology or botany, I'd be happy to try and help answer them!

Inflorescence is a term used in the field of botany, which includes the study of plants. However, I understand that you are asking for a medical definition. In the context of medicine, specifically in pathology, inflorescence may refer to the arrangement or growth pattern of lesions or neoplasms (abnormal growths) in a particular area of the body.

To provide a precise medical definition, I would need more context about how the term is being used. Nonetheless, based on the botanical definition, inflorescence refers to the cluster or arrangement of flowers on a stem or branch. It can take various forms, such as spikes, racemes, panicles, umbels, and corymbs, depending on the pattern in which flowers are arranged.

Gene expression regulation in plants refers to the processes that control the production of proteins and RNA from the genes present in the plant's DNA. This regulation is crucial for normal growth, development, and response to environmental stimuli in plants. It can occur at various levels, including transcription (the first step in gene expression, where the DNA sequence is copied into RNA), RNA processing (such as alternative splicing, which generates different mRNA molecules from a single gene), translation (where the information in the mRNA is used to produce a protein), and post-translational modification (where proteins are chemically modified after they have been synthesized).

In plants, gene expression regulation can be influenced by various factors such as hormones, light, temperature, and stress. Plants use complex networks of transcription factors, chromatin remodeling complexes, and small RNAs to regulate gene expression in response to these signals. Understanding the mechanisms of gene expression regulation in plants is important for basic research, as well as for developing crops with improved traits such as increased yield, stress tolerance, and disease resistance.

Pollen, in a medical context, refers to the fine powder-like substance produced by the male reproductive organ of seed plants. It contains microscopic grains known as pollen grains, which are transported by various means such as wind, water, or insects to the female reproductive organ of the same or another plant species for fertilization.

Pollen can cause allergic reactions in some individuals, particularly during the spring and summer months when plants release large amounts of pollen into the air. These allergies, also known as hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis, can result in symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, congestion, itchy eyes, and coughing.

It is important to note that while all pollen has the potential to cause allergic reactions, certain types of plants, such as ragweed, grasses, and trees, are more likely to trigger symptoms in sensitive individuals.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Rosa" is not a medical term. It is the scientific name for the genus of plants that includes roses. If you have a question about a medical condition or term, I would be happy to help if you could provide more information.

Angiosperms, also known as flowering plants, are a group of plants that produce seeds enclosed within an ovary. The term "angiosperm" comes from the Greek words "angeion," meaning "case" or "capsule," and "sperma," meaning "seed." This group includes the majority of plant species, with over 300,000 known species.

Angiosperms are characterized by their reproductive structures, which consist of flowers. The flower contains male and female reproductive organs, including stamens (which produce pollen) and carpels (which contain the ovules). After fertilization, the ovule develops into a seed, while the ovary matures into a fruit, which provides protection and nutrition for the developing embryo.

Angiosperms are further divided into two main groups: monocots and eudicots. Monocots have one cotyledon or embryonic leaf, while eudicots have two. Examples of monocots include grasses, lilies, and orchids, while examples of eudicots include roses, sunflowers, and legumes.

Angiosperms are ecologically and economically important, providing food, shelter, and other resources for many organisms, including humans. They have evolved a wide range of adaptations to different environments, from the desert to the ocean floor, making them one of the most diverse and successful groups of plants on Earth.

"Orchidaceae" is not a medical term. It is the scientific name for the orchid family, which is a group of flowering plants known for their often elaborate and beautiful flowers. The term "orchidaceae" comes from the Greek word "orkhis," meaning "testicle," likely referring to the shape of the twin tubers in some species.

If you have any medical concerns or questions, I would be happy to help if you could provide more information about what you are looking for.

"Plant proteins" refer to the proteins that are derived from plant sources. These can include proteins from legumes such as beans, lentils, and peas, as well as proteins from grains like wheat, rice, and corn. Other sources of plant proteins include nuts, seeds, and vegetables.

Plant proteins are made up of individual amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. While animal-based proteins typically contain all of the essential amino acids that the body needs to function properly, many plant-based proteins may be lacking in one or more of these essential amino acids. However, by consuming a variety of plant-based foods throughout the day, it is possible to get all of the essential amino acids that the body needs from plant sources alone.

Plant proteins are often lower in calories and saturated fat than animal proteins, making them a popular choice for those following a vegetarian or vegan diet, as well as those looking to maintain a healthy weight or reduce their risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Additionally, plant proteins have been shown to have a number of health benefits, including improving gut health, reducing inflammation, and supporting muscle growth and repair.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Petunia" is not a medical term. It's the name of a genus of plants in the family Solanaceae, commonly known as petunias. They are popular ornamental plants due to their vibrant and diverse flowers. If you have any questions about botany or gardening, I'd be happy to try to help with those!

MADS domain proteins are a family of transcription factors that play crucial roles in various developmental processes in plants, including flower development and organ formation. The name "MADS" is an acronym derived from the initial letters of four founding members: MCM1 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, AGAMOUS from Arabidopsis thaliana, DEFICIENS from Antirrhinum majus, and SRF from Homo sapiens.

These proteins share a highly conserved DNA-binding domain called the MADS-box, which binds to specific sequences in the promoter regions of their target genes. The MADS domain proteins often form higher-order complexes through protein-protein interactions, leading to the regulation of gene expression involved in developmental transitions and cell fate determination. In plants, MADS domain proteins have been implicated in various aspects of reproductive development, such as floral meristem identity, floral organ specification, and ovule development.

A gene in plants, like in other organisms, is a hereditary unit that carries genetic information from one generation to the next. It is a segment of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) that contains the instructions for the development and function of an organism. Genes in plants determine various traits such as flower color, plant height, resistance to diseases, and many others. They are responsible for encoding proteins and RNA molecules that play crucial roles in the growth, development, and reproduction of plants. Plant genes can be manipulated through traditional breeding methods or genetic engineering techniques to improve crop yield, enhance disease resistance, and increase nutritional value.

"Bees" are not a medical term, as they refer to various flying insects belonging to the Apidae family in the Apoidea superfamily. They are known for their role in pollination and honey production. If you're looking for medical definitions or information, please provide relevant terms.

A meristem, in the context of plant biology, refers to a type of tissue found in plants that is responsible for their growth. These tissues are composed of cells that have the ability to divide and differentiate into various specialized cell types. Meristems are typically located at the tips of roots and shoots (apical meristems), as well as within the vascular bundles (cambial meristems) and in the cork layers (phellogen meristems). They contribute to the increase in length and girth of plant organs, allowing plants to grow throughout their life.

"Dianthus" is not a medical term, but a genus of flowering plants commonly known as "pinks." There are several species within the Dianthus genus, including garden pinks, sweet William, and carnations. These plants are native to Europe and Asia and are often cultivated for their attractive flowers, which can be white, pink, red, or purple. While Dianthus plants have no direct medical relevance, some species may have potential medicinal properties. For example, certain Dianthus species contain compounds with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, but more research is needed to determine their safety and efficacy in humans.

'Antirrhinum' is the genus name for a group of plants commonly known as "snapdragons." The term 'Antirrhinum' comes from the Greek words "anti" meaning like, and "rhin" meaning nose, which describes the shape of their flowers. Snapdragons are popular ornamental plants known for their unique flower structure, with a "mouth" that can be opened and closed by squeezing the sides of the flower.

While 'Antirrhinum' is a botanical name and not a medical term per se, it is important to note that some species of Antirrhinum contain certain chemical compounds that have been studied for their potential medicinal properties. For instance, certain Antirrhinum species have been found to contain iridoid glycosides, which have been investigated for their anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. However, it is essential to note that these studies are still in the early stages, and more research is needed before any definitive medical claims can be made about Antirrhinum or its potential therapeutic benefits.

'Arabidopsis' is a genus of small flowering plants that are part of the mustard family (Brassicaceae). The most commonly studied species within this genus is 'Arabidopsis thaliana', which is often used as a model organism in plant biology and genetics research. This plant is native to Eurasia and Africa, and it has a small genome that has been fully sequenced. It is known for its short life cycle, self-fertilization, and ease of growth, making it an ideal subject for studying various aspects of plant biology, including development, metabolism, and response to environmental stresses.

Arabidopsis proteins refer to the proteins that are encoded by the genes in the Arabidopsis thaliana plant, which is a model organism commonly used in plant biology research. This small flowering plant has a compact genome and a short life cycle, making it an ideal subject for studying various biological processes in plants.

Arabidopsis proteins play crucial roles in many cellular functions, such as metabolism, signaling, regulation of gene expression, response to environmental stresses, and developmental processes. Research on Arabidopsis proteins has contributed significantly to our understanding of plant biology and has provided valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying various agronomic traits.

Some examples of Arabidopsis proteins include transcription factors, kinases, phosphatases, receptors, enzymes, and structural proteins. These proteins can be studied using a variety of techniques, such as biochemical assays, protein-protein interaction studies, and genetic approaches, to understand their functions and regulatory mechanisms in plants.

Genetically modified plants (GMPs) are plants that have had their DNA altered through genetic engineering techniques to exhibit desired traits. These modifications can be made to enhance certain characteristics such as increased resistance to pests, improved tolerance to environmental stresses like drought or salinity, or enhanced nutritional content. The process often involves introducing genes from other organisms, such as bacteria or viruses, into the plant's genome. Examples of GMPs include Bt cotton, which has a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis that makes it resistant to certain pests, and golden rice, which is engineered to contain higher levels of beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A. It's important to note that genetically modified plants are subject to rigorous testing and regulation to ensure their safety for human consumption and environmental impact before they are approved for commercial use.

A plant stem is not typically defined in a medical context, but rather in the field of botany. However, I can certainly provide a general biological definition for you.

In plants, stems are organs that serve primarily as support structures, holding leaves, flowers, and fruits aloft where they can receive sunlight and exchange gases. They also act as conduits, transporting water, nutrients, and sugars made during photosynthesis between the roots and shoots of a plant.

The stem is usually composed of three main tissue systems: dermal, vascular, and ground. The dermal tissue system forms the outermost layer(s) of the stem, providing protection and sometimes participating in gas exchange. The vascular tissue system contains the xylem (which transports water and nutrients upward) and phloem (which transports sugars and other organic compounds downward). The ground tissue system, located between the dermal and vascular tissues, is responsible for food storage and support.

While not a direct medical definition, understanding the structure and function of plant stems can be relevant in fields such as nutrition, agriculture, and environmental science, which have implications for human health.

Asteraceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the daisy family or sunflower family. It is one of the largest and most diverse families of vascular plants, with over 1,900 genera and 32,000 species. The family includes a wide variety of plants, ranging from annual and perennial herbs to shrubs and trees.

The defining characteristic of Asteraceae is the presence of a unique type of inflorescence called a capitulum, which resembles a single flower but is actually composed of many small flowers (florets) arranged in a dense head. The florets are typically bisexual, with both male and female reproductive structures, and are radially symmetrical.

Asteraceae includes many economically important plants, such as sunflowers, daisies, artichokes, lettuce, chicory, and ragweed. Some species of Asteraceae are also used in traditional medicine and have been found to contain bioactive compounds with potential therapeutic uses.

It's worth noting that the taxonomy of this family has undergone significant revisions in recent years, and some genera and species have been moved to other families or renamed.

In the context of medical terminology, 'color' is not defined specifically with a unique meaning. Instead, it generally refers to the characteristic or appearance of something, particularly in relation to the color that a person may observe visually. For instance, doctors may describe the color of a patient's skin, eyes, hair, or bodily fluids to help diagnose medical conditions or monitor their progression.

For example, jaundice is a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes that can indicate liver problems, while cyanosis refers to a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes due to insufficient oxygen in the blood. Similarly, doctors may describe the color of stool or urine to help diagnose digestive or kidney issues.

Therefore, 'color' is not a medical term with a specific definition but rather a general term used to describe various visual characteristics of the body and bodily fluids that can provide important diagnostic clues for healthcare professionals.

I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Plant leaves" are not a medical term, but rather a general biological term referring to a specific organ found in plants.

Leaves are organs that are typically flat and broad, and they are the primary site of photosynthesis in most plants. They are usually green due to the presence of chlorophyll, which is essential for capturing sunlight and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis.

While leaves do not have a direct medical definition, understanding their structure and function can be important in various medical fields, such as pharmacognosy (the study of medicinal plants) or environmental health. For example, certain plant leaves may contain bioactive compounds that have therapeutic potential, while others may produce allergens or toxins that can impact human health.

AGAMOUS protein in Arabidopsis thaliana is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in plant development. It is a member of the MADS-box family of transcription factors and is specifically classified as a type II protein. AGAMOUS is primarily expressed in the floral meristem and helps to specify the identity of reproductive organs, including stamens and carpels.

The AGAMOUS gene contains four exons and three introns, and its expression is regulated by various cis-acting elements present in its promoter region. The protein it encodes consists of several functional domains, including a MADS domain for DNA binding, an intervening domain (I) involved in dimerization, a keratin-like domain (K) that mediates higher-order complex formation, and a C-terminal transcriptional activation domain (C).

AGAMOUS functions as a tetrameric protein complex with other MADS-box proteins to regulate the expression of downstream target genes involved in floral organ development. Mutations in the AGAMOUS gene can lead to homeotic transformations, where reproductive organs are replaced by vegetative structures, resulting in abnormal flower development and infertility.

In summary, AGAMOUS protein in Arabidopsis thaliana is a crucial transcription factor involved in floral organ identity determination during plant development.

Reproduction, in the context of biology and medicine, refers to the process by which organisms produce offspring. It is a complex process that involves the creation, development, and growth of new individuals from parent organisms. In sexual reproduction, this process typically involves the combination of genetic material from two parents through the fusion of gametes (sex cells) such as sperm and egg cells. This results in the formation of a zygote, which then develops into a new individual with a unique genetic makeup.

In contrast, asexual reproduction does not involve the fusion of gametes and can occur through various mechanisms such as budding, fragmentation, or parthenogenesis. Asexual reproduction results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent organism.

Reproduction is a fundamental process that ensures the survival and continuation of species over time. It is also an area of active research in fields such as reproductive medicine, where scientists and clinicians work to understand and address issues related to human fertility, contraception, and genetic disorders.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Primula" is not a medical term. It is the name of a genus of plants in the family Primulaceae, also known as primroses or cowslips. These plants have various medicinal uses in traditional herbal medicine, but "Primula" itself does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions about a particular medical term or concept, I'd be happy to help answer those for you!

In medical terms, "seeds" are often referred to as a small amount of a substance, such as a radioactive material or drug, that is inserted into a tissue or placed inside a capsule for the purpose of treating a medical condition. This can include procedures like brachytherapy, where seeds containing radioactive materials are used in the treatment of cancer to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Similarly, in some forms of drug delivery, seeds containing medication can be used to gradually release the drug into the body over an extended period of time.

It's important to note that "seeds" have different meanings and applications depending on the medical context. In other cases, "seeds" may simply refer to small particles or structures found in the body, such as those present in the eye's retina.

Pigmentation, in a medical context, refers to the coloring of the skin, hair, or eyes due to the presence of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. These cells produce a pigment called melanin, which determines the color of our skin, hair, and eyes.

There are two main types of melanin: eumelanin and pheomelanin. Eumelanin is responsible for brown or black coloration, while pheomelanin produces a red or yellow hue. The amount and type of melanin produced by melanocytes can vary from person to person, leading to differences in skin color and hair color.

Changes in pigmentation can occur due to various factors such as genetics, exposure to sunlight, hormonal changes, inflammation, or certain medical conditions. For example, hyperpigmentation refers to an excess production of melanin that results in darkened patches on the skin, while hypopigmentation is a condition where there is a decreased production of melanin leading to lighter or white patches on the skin.

Bignoniaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes approximately 85 genera and around 1,000 species. These plants are primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, particularly in the Americas. The family includes both trees and shrubs, as well as some vines and epiphytes.

Bignoniaceae plants are known for their showy, trumpet-shaped flowers, which can be quite large and often brightly colored. Many species are popular ornamental plants due to their attractive blooms. Some of the more familiar genera in this family include Catalpa, Campsis (trumpet vine), Tecomaria (cape honeysuckle), and Bignonia (cross vine).

The leaves of Bignoniaceae plants are typically simple or palmately compound, with entire or lobed margins. The fruits are usually long, slender capsules that split open to release numerous small seeds. Some species have fleshy fruits that are berry-like in appearance.

In addition to their ornamental value, some Bignoniaceae plants have medicinal uses. For example, the bark of some Catalpa species has been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments, including fever, rheumatism, and skin conditions. However, it's important to note that the use of these plants for medicinal purposes should only be done under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "fruit" is not a medical term per se. It is a common term used to describe the part of a plant that develops from the ovary after flowering and contains seeds. However, in a nutritional or dietary context, "fruits" are often referred to as foods that are typically sweet and juicy, and come from plants' flowers. They are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making them an essential part of a healthy diet. But in a strict medical sense, there isn't a specific definition for "fruit."

"Mimulus" is a term used in the context of botany, rather than medicine. It refers to a genus of plants commonly known as "monkey flowers," which belong to the Phrymaceae family. These plants are native to North and South America and are known for their vibrant, tubular flowers that attract pollinators such as hummingbirds and bees.

While "Mimulus" is not a medical term, some species of this plant have been used in traditional medicine by indigenous peoples. For example, Mimulus guttatus (the common monkey flower) has been used in Native American medicine for treating respiratory issues, skin irritations, and gastrointestinal problems. However, it's important to note that the use of these plants as medicinal remedies should not be considered a substitute for seeking advice from a licensed healthcare professional or following evidence-based medical treatments.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but 'Heliconiaceae' is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category used in botany to describe a family of flowering plants, specifically the Heliconiaceae family. This family includes the bird-of-paradise flowers and heliconias, which are native to tropical regions of Central and South America. They are known for their vibrant, colorful flowers. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help with those instead!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Liliaceae" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in botany, specifically it is the family name for plants that include lilies, tulips, and related species. In a medical context, you might be referring to the specific plant species themselves, or possibly the allergic reactions some people can have to the pollen of these plants. If you have any more specific questions about botanical terms in a medical context, I'd be happy to try and help further.

I am not a doctor, but I can provide some information about chrysanthemums. Chrysanthemums are flowering plants that belong to the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae. They are native to Asia and northeastern Europe and are particularly significant in East Asian cultures.

Chrysanthemums have been cultivated for centuries for their beautiful flowers, which come in a variety of colors including white, yellow, red, and purple. In some countries, chrysanthemums are considered symbolic of death and are used in funerals or on graves, while in others they represent life, joy, and longevity.

While chrysanthemums do not have a direct medical definition, some parts of the plant have been used in traditional medicine in various cultures. For example, chrysanthemum flowers are sometimes used to make teas that are believed to help with headaches, fever, and inflammation. However, it is important to note that the effectiveness of these remedies has not been scientifically proven, and chrysanthemums can cause allergic reactions or other adverse effects in some people. Therefore, it is always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before using any herbal remedies.

"Ipomoea" is a botanical term that refers to a genus of plants in the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae. These plants are primarily found in tropical and warm temperate regions around the world. Some species of Ipomoea have medicinal uses, but it's important to note that 'Ipomoea' itself is not a medical term or concept.

For instance, one species, Ipomoea batatas, commonly known as sweet potato, has been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, such as treating wounds and gastrointestinal disorders. However, any medicinal use would refer to the specific plant or extract, not simply the genus name 'Ipomoea'.

As always, if you're considering using any plant or herb for medicinal purposes, it's crucial to consult with a healthcare provider first to ensure safety and efficacy.

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. "Ethylenes" is not a medical term or a medical condition. Ethylene is actually a colorless gas with a sweet and musky odor, which belongs to the class of hydrocarbons called alkenes. It is used widely in industry, including the production of polyethylene, antifreeze, and other chemicals.

However, if you meant something else or need information on a specific medical topic related to ethylene or its derivatives, please provide more context or clarify your question, and I would be happy to help.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

A medical definition for "plant shoots" may not be readily available, as the term is primarily used in botany and horticulture. However, I can provide you with a general definition:

Plant shoots refer to the above-ground portion of a plant, which typically includes structures like stems, leaves, flowers, and buds. Shoots originate from the seed or the growing tip of the plant and are responsible for photosynthesis, nutrient absorption, and reproduction. In some contexts, "plant shoots" might also refer to new growth that emerges from an existing plant, such as when a leaf or stem sprouts a new branch or flower.

"Oleaceae" is not a medical term, but a taxonomic category in botany. It refers to the family of plants that includes olive trees, ash trees, and lilacs, among others. These plants produce various compounds with potential medicinal properties, such as oleuropein from olive leaves, which has been studied for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. However, "Oleaceae" itself does not have a specific medical definition.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hibiscus" is not a medical term. It is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Some hibiscus species are used in traditional medicine and food products, but there isn't a single medical definition associated with the term "Hibiscus."

For example, Hibiscus sabdariffa, also known as roselle, is often used in herbal teas and has been studied for its potential health benefits. Some research suggests it may help lower blood pressure, but more studies are needed to confirm these findings and understand the mechanism of action.

If you're looking for information on a specific medical aspect related to hibiscus or its extracts, please provide more context so I can give you a more accurate response.

Ranunculaceae is a family of flowering plants, also known as the buttercup family. It includes over 2,000 species distributed across 58 genera. The plants in this family are characterized by their showy, often brightly colored flowers and typically have numerous stamens and carpels. Many members of Ranunculaceae contain toxic compounds, which can be irritants or even poisonous if ingested. Examples of plants in this family include buttercups, delphiniums, monkshood, and columbines.

DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic material present in the cells of all living organisms, including plants. In plants, DNA is located in the nucleus of a cell, as well as in chloroplasts and mitochondria. Plant DNA contains the instructions for the development, growth, and function of the plant, and is passed down from one generation to the next through the process of reproduction.

The structure of DNA is a double helix, formed by two strands of nucleotides that are linked together by hydrogen bonds. Each nucleotide contains a sugar molecule (deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. There are four types of nitrogenous bases in DNA: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). Adenine pairs with thymine, and guanine pairs with cytosine, forming the rungs of the ladder that make up the double helix.

The genetic information in DNA is encoded in the sequence of these nitrogenous bases. Large sequences of bases form genes, which provide the instructions for the production of proteins. The process of gene expression involves transcribing the DNA sequence into a complementary RNA molecule, which is then translated into a protein.

Plant DNA is similar to animal DNA in many ways, but there are also some differences. For example, plant DNA contains a higher proportion of repetitive sequences and transposable elements, which are mobile genetic elements that can move around the genome and cause mutations. Additionally, plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts, which are not present in animal cells, and these structures contain their own DNA.

I apologize for any confusion, but "plants" is not a term that has a medical definition. The term "plants" refers to a large and diverse group of organisms that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, which is the process of converting sunlight into chemical energy. Plants are typically characterized by having cells with cell walls containing cellulose, chloroplasts containing the pigment chlorophyll, and the ability to synthesize their own food through photosynthesis.

In a medical or biological context, you might be thinking of "plant-based" or "phytomedicine," which refer to the use of plants or plant extracts as a form of medicine or treatment. Phytomedicines have been used for thousands of years in many traditional systems of medicine, and some plant-derived compounds have been found to have therapeutic benefits in modern medicine as well. However, "plants" itself does not have a medical definition.

'Plant development' is not a term typically used in medical definitions, as it is more commonly used in the field of botany to describe the growth and differentiation of plant cells, tissues, and organs over time. However, in a broader context, plant development can be defined as the series of changes and processes that occur from the fertilization of a plant seed to the formation of a mature plant, including germination, emergence, organ formation, growth, and reproduction.

In medicine, terms related to plant development may include "phytotherapy" or "herbal medicine," which refer to the use of plants or plant extracts as medicinal treatments for various health conditions. The study of how these plants develop and produce their active compounds is an important area of research in pharmacology and natural products chemistry.

An ovule is the structure in female plants (including gymnosperms and angiosperms) that contains the female gametophyte and gives rise to the seed after fertilization. It consists of a protective outer layer called the integument, enclosing a small mass of tissue called the nucellus, within which is located the embryo sac or female germ unit.

The embryo sac contains the egg cell (oocyte), two synergids that assist in fertilization, and three antipodal cells at the opposite end. Upon fertilization of the egg cell by a male gamete from pollen, the zygote forms, which develops into an embryo within the ovule. The other male gamete fuses with the central cell (containing two polar nuclei) to form the endosperm, which serves as nutritive tissue for the developing embryo.

Once mature, the ovule transforms into a seed, enclosed by a seed coat formed from the integuments. The seed contains the developed embryo and stored food reserves (endosperm) that support its initial growth after germination.

'Plant infertility' is not a standard medical term, as it is typically used in the context of agriculture and plant biology. However, I can provide you with a general definition related to this context:

Plant infertility refers to the inability of a plant to produce viable seeds, fruits, or propagules due to various factors affecting its reproductive system. These factors may include genetic disorders, environmental stressors (such as extreme temperatures, drought, or nutrient deficiencies), pathogens, pests, or poor pollination. In some cases, assisted reproduction techniques, such as hand-pollination or embryo rescue, might be employed to overcome infertility issues in plants.

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) in plants refers to the long, single-stranded molecules that are essential for the translation of genetic information from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) into proteins. RNA is a nucleic acid, like DNA, and it is composed of a ribose sugar backbone with attached nitrogenous bases (adenine, uracil, guanine, and cytosine).

In plants, there are several types of RNA that play specific roles in the gene expression process:

1. Messenger RNA (mRNA): This type of RNA carries genetic information copied from DNA in the form of a sequence of three-base code units called codons. These codons specify the order of amino acids in a protein.
2. Transfer RNA (tRNA): tRNAs are small RNA molecules that serve as adaptors between the mRNA and the amino acids during protein synthesis. Each tRNA has a specific anticodon sequence that base-pairs with a complementary codon on the mRNA, and it carries a specific amino acid that corresponds to that codon.
3. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA): rRNAs are structural components of ribosomes, which are large macromolecular complexes where protein synthesis occurs. In plants, there are several types of rRNAs, including the 18S, 5.8S, and 25S/28S rRNAs, that form the core of the ribosome and help catalyze peptide bond formation during protein synthesis.
4. Small nuclear RNA (snRNA): These are small RNA molecules that play a role in RNA processing, such as splicing, where introns (non-coding sequences) are removed from pre-mRNA and exons (coding sequences) are joined together to form mature mRNAs.
5. MicroRNA (miRNA): These are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression by binding to complementary sequences in target mRNAs, leading to their degradation or translation inhibition.

Overall, these different types of RNAs play crucial roles in various aspects of RNA metabolism, gene regulation, and protein synthesis in plants.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Dahlia" is not a medical term. It is the name of a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Asteraceae. The Dahlia is the national flower of Mexico and comes in a variety of colors, sizes, and forms. If you have any medical questions or terms, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

Feeding behavior refers to the various actions and mechanisms involved in the intake of food and nutrition for the purpose of sustaining life, growth, and health. This complex process encompasses a coordinated series of activities, including:

1. Food selection: The identification, pursuit, and acquisition of appropriate food sources based on sensory cues (smell, taste, appearance) and individual preferences.
2. Preparation: The manipulation and processing of food to make it suitable for consumption, such as chewing, grinding, or chopping.
3. Ingestion: The act of transferring food from the oral cavity into the digestive system through swallowing.
4. Digestion: The mechanical and chemical breakdown of food within the gastrointestinal tract to facilitate nutrient absorption and eliminate waste products.
5. Assimilation: The uptake and utilization of absorbed nutrients by cells and tissues for energy production, growth, repair, and maintenance.
6. Elimination: The removal of undigested material and waste products from the body through defecation.

Feeding behavior is regulated by a complex interplay between neural, hormonal, and psychological factors that help maintain energy balance and ensure adequate nutrient intake. Disruptions in feeding behavior can lead to various medical conditions, such as malnutrition, obesity, eating disorders, and gastrointestinal motility disorders.

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is a type of electron microscopy that uses a focused beam of electrons to scan the surface of a sample and produce a high-resolution image. In SEM, a beam of electrons is scanned across the surface of a specimen, and secondary electrons are emitted from the sample due to interactions between the electrons and the atoms in the sample. These secondary electrons are then detected by a detector and used to create an image of the sample's surface topography. SEM can provide detailed images of the surface of a wide range of materials, including metals, polymers, ceramics, and biological samples. It is commonly used in materials science, biology, and electronics for the examination and analysis of surfaces at the micro- and nanoscale.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Magnolia" is not a medical term. It is the name of a genus of plants, which includes trees and shrubs that are native to North America, Central America, South America, and Asia. Some species of magnolias are used in traditional medicine in various cultures, but the term "magnolia" itself does not have a specific medical definition.

If you have any questions related to health or medicine, feel free to ask!

"Prunus" is a term that refers to a genus of plants, which includes many familiar fruits such as plums, cherries, peaches, and almonds. It's not a medical term, but rather a botanical one. The fruit of these plants are often used in food medicine due to their nutritional value and health benefits. For example, prunes (dried plums) are known for their laxative effects. However, the plant itself or its extracts can also have medicinal uses, mainly as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and cardioprotective agents.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Thysanoptera" is not a medical term. It is an order of small, thin-bodied insects, also known as thrips. Thysanoptera species are typically less than 2 mm long and have delicate fringed wings. They are commonly found in various environments such as flowers, leaves, and even soil. While they can be plant pests and occasionally transmit plant viruses, they do not have a direct relevance to human medicine.

"Nymphaea" is a botanical term for a genus of flowering plants commonly known as water lilies. They are not typically used in medical definitions, but I can provide some information about their medicinal properties or uses if that would be helpful.

Water lilies have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, including treating anxiety, insomnia, and skin conditions. The roots, leaves, and flowers of the plant contain various compounds with potential therapeutic effects, such as alkaloids, flavonoids, and tannins. However, it's important to note that most of these uses have not been extensively studied in clinical trials, and more research is needed before any definitive medical claims can be made about the benefits of Nymphaea species.

If you have a specific question about the medicinal properties or uses of water lilies, I'd be happy to try and help answer it!

A phenotype is the physical or biochemical expression of an organism's genes, or the observable traits and characteristics resulting from the interaction of its genetic constitution (genotype) with environmental factors. These characteristics can include appearance, development, behavior, and resistance to disease, among others. Phenotypes can vary widely, even among individuals with identical genotypes, due to differences in environmental influences, gene expression, and genetic interactions.

Cyperaceae is a family of monocotyledonous plants that are commonly known as sedges. This family includes around 5,500 species that are distributed worldwide, with the greatest diversity found in tropical and subtropical regions. The plants in this family are typically characterized by their triangular stems and narrow, grass-like leaves.

The inflorescences of Cyperaceae species are often composed of tightly packed spikelets, which contain tiny flowers that are usually reduced to only the essential reproductive parts. Many sedges also have distinctive, hardened bracts that surround the base of the inflorescence and can be used to help identify the plant to species level.

Cyperaceae species are important components of many ecosystems, including wetlands, grasslands, and forests. Some species are grown as ornamental plants, while others have economic importance as sources of food, fiber, and medicine. For example, papyrus sedge (Cyperus papyrus) was used in ancient Egypt to make paper, and yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) produces edible tubers that are consumed in some parts of the world.

It's worth noting that Cyperaceae species can be difficult to identify due to their small flowers and similar morphology, so a proper identification often requires careful examination of multiple plant features.

"Camellia" is a botanical term that refers to a genus of evergreen shrubs and trees in the family Theaceae. There are over 250 species of Camellias, which are native to Asia, primarily China and Japan. Many Camellia species are cultivated for their attractive flowers, and some are used for their oil-rich seeds.

The most well-known species is Camellia sinensis, which is the source of tea leaves used to make black, green, and oolong teas. The caffeine content in these teas comes from xanthines found in the leaves of this plant.

Camellias are not typically associated with medical definitions or uses, but some research suggests that compounds found in Camellia sinensis may have potential health benefits, such as reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings and establish safe and effective dosages.

"Lycopersicon esculentum" is the scientific name for the common red tomato. It is a species of fruit from the nightshade family (Solanaceae) that is native to western South America and Central America. Tomatoes are widely grown and consumed in many parts of the world as a vegetable, although they are technically a fruit. They are rich in nutrients such as vitamin C, potassium, and lycopene, which has been studied for its potential health benefits.

Gentianaceae is not a medical term, but a taxonomic category in botany. It refers to the family of plants that includes gentians and related genera. These plants are known for their beautiful, often brightly colored flowers, and are found primarily in temperate and subtropical regions around the world.

Some species of Gentianaceae have been used in traditional medicine for their purported therapeutic properties. For example, gentian root has been used as a bitter tonic to stimulate digestion and appetite, and to treat various gastrointestinal disorders. However, it's important to note that the use of these plants in medical treatment should be based on scientific evidence and under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional.

Biological evolution is the change in the genetic composition of populations of organisms over time, from one generation to the next. It is a process that results in descendants differing genetically from their ancestors. Biological evolution can be driven by several mechanisms, including natural selection, genetic drift, gene flow, and mutation. These processes can lead to changes in the frequency of alleles (variants of a gene) within populations, resulting in the development of new species and the extinction of others over long periods of time. Biological evolution provides a unifying explanation for the diversity of life on Earth and is supported by extensive evidence from many different fields of science, including genetics, paleontology, comparative anatomy, and biogeography.

Monoterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of two isoprene units and have the molecular formula C10H16. They are major components of many essential oils found in plants, giving them their characteristic fragrances and flavors. Monoterpenes can be further classified into various subgroups based on their structural features, such as acyclic (e.g., myrcene), monocyclic (e.g., limonene), and bicyclic (e.g., pinene) compounds. In the medical field, monoterpenes have been studied for their potential therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. However, more research is needed to fully understand their mechanisms of action and clinical applications.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Plant Physiological Phenomena" is not a standard medical term. It falls more within the domain of botany, which is a branch of biology focused on the study of plants.

However, I can provide a general explanation: Plant physiological phenomena refer to the functional processes and activities that occur within plants. This includes various aspects such as photosynthesis (the process by which plants convert light energy into chemical energy to fuel their growth), respiration, plant nutrition (the uptake and assimilation of nutrients from the soil), water relations (how plants absorb, transport, and use water), plant hormone functions, and many other processes.

If you have a term that is used in a medical context which you would like defined, I'd be happy to help with that!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sagittaria" is not a medical term. It is the genus name of a group of aquatic plants commonly known as arrowheads or sagittarias. These plants are often found in wetlands and are known for their arrow-shaped leaves. If you have any questions about a medical term, I would be happy to help with that instead.

Volatilization, in the context of pharmacology and medicine, refers to the process by which a substance (usually a medication or drug) transforms into a vapor state at room temperature or upon heating. This change in physical state allows the substance to evaporate and be transferred into the air, potentially leading to inhalation exposure.

In some medical applications, volatilization is used intentionally, such as with essential oils for aromatherapy or topical treatments that utilize a vapor action. However, it can also pose concerns when volatile substances are unintentionally released into the air, potentially leading to indoor air quality issues or exposure risks.

It's important to note that in clinical settings, volatilization is not typically used as a route of administration for medications, as other methods such as oral, intravenous, or inhalation via nebulizers are more common and controlled.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Malus" is not a medical term. It is a genus name in the plant kingdom, referring to the apple tree. If you have a different term or concept in mind, please provide it so I can give you an accurate definition or explanation.

I'm not aware of a medical term called "DEFICIENS protein." It is possible that you may have misspelled the name or it could be a term specific to a certain context, such as a research lab or a specific medical condition.

In general, a deficiency in a particular protein can lead to various medical conditions depending on the function of that protein. Proteins play crucial roles in the body, including acting as enzymes, hormones, structural components, and transporters. A deficiency in a particular protein can result from genetic mutations, poor nutrition, or other factors.

If you meant to ask about a specific protein, please provide more context or check the spelling, so I can give you a more accurate answer.

Alstroemeria is a genus of flowering plants in the family Alstroemeriaceae, native to South America. These perennial plants are known for their showy and colorful flowers, which often have intricate patterns and designs. They are commonly cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens and parks due to their attractive blooms, and they are also used as cut flowers in floral arrangements.

In a medical context, Alstroemeria is not typically used as a treatment or therapy. However, like many plants, Alstroemeria contains various chemical compounds that may have potential medicinal properties. For example, some studies have suggested that extracts from the plant may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial effects. However, more research is needed to determine whether these compounds are safe and effective for use in medical treatments.

It's worth noting that some species of Alstroemeria can be toxic if ingested, so they should not be consumed without consulting a healthcare professional. Additionally, people with allergies to members of the Amaryllidaceae family (which includes Alstroemeria) may experience allergic reactions when handling the plant.

Campanulaceae is a family of flowering plants, also known as the bellflower family. It includes a wide variety of herbaceous plants, shrubs, and small trees, with over 2000 species distributed worldwide. The family is characterized by bilaterally symmetrical flowers, typically with fused petals forming a bell or funnel shape, hence the common name "bellflower."

The individual flowers of Campanulaceae often have distinct nectar guides and are arranged in various inflorescences such as racemes, panicles, or cymes. The leaves are typically simple and alternate, with entire or lobed margins.

Some notable genera within Campanulaceae include:

* Campanula (bellflowers)
* Lobelia (lobelias)
* Platycodon (balloon flowers)
* Trachelium (throatworts)

The family is of significant horticultural importance, with many species and cultivars widely used as ornamental plants in gardens and landscapes. Additionally, some members of Campanulaceae have medicinal uses, such as Lobelia inflata, which has been used historically to treat respiratory ailments.

Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are natural or synthetic chemical substances that, when present in low concentrations, can influence various physiological and biochemical processes in plants. These processes include cell division, elongation, and differentiation; flowering and fruiting; leaf senescence; and stress responses. PGRs can be classified into several categories based on their mode of action and chemical structure, including auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, ethylene, and others. They are widely used in agriculture to improve crop yield and quality, regulate plant growth and development, and enhance stress tolerance.

I apologize for any confusion, but "insects" are not a medical term. Insects are small air-breathing arthropods that have a segmented body with six legs and usually have wings. They make up the largest group of animals on Earth, with over a million described species.

If you're looking for information about a specific medical condition or topic, please provide more details so I can offer a relevant response.

An amino acid sequence is the specific order of amino acids in a protein or peptide molecule, formed by the linking of the amino group (-NH2) of one amino acid to the carboxyl group (-COOH) of another amino acid through a peptide bond. The sequence is determined by the genetic code and is unique to each type of protein or peptide. It plays a crucial role in determining the three-dimensional structure and function of proteins.

Developmental gene expression regulation refers to the processes that control the activation or repression of specific genes during embryonic and fetal development. These regulatory mechanisms ensure that genes are expressed at the right time, in the right cells, and at appropriate levels to guide proper growth, differentiation, and morphogenesis of an organism.

Developmental gene expression regulation is a complex and dynamic process involving various molecular players, such as transcription factors, chromatin modifiers, non-coding RNAs, and signaling molecules. These regulators can interact with cis-regulatory elements, like enhancers and promoters, to fine-tune the spatiotemporal patterns of gene expression during development.

Dysregulation of developmental gene expression can lead to various congenital disorders and developmental abnormalities. Therefore, understanding the principles and mechanisms governing developmental gene expression regulation is crucial for uncovering the etiology of developmental diseases and devising potential therapeutic strategies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Philodendron" is not a medical term. It is a genus of flowering plants in the arum family, Araceae. These are native to the tropical Americas and some parts of the West Indies. Some philodendron species are popular as indoor houseplants due to their adaptability to various environments.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I'd be happy to help!

Rubiaceae is not a medical term, but a taxonomic category in botany. It refers to the family of flowering plants that includes more than 13,500 species, distributed across approximately 600 genera. Some well-known members of this family include coffee (Coffea arabica), gardenias (Gardenia jasminoides), and madder (Rubia tinctorum).

In a medical context, certain plants from the Rubiaceae family have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes. For example:

* Coffee (Coffea arabica) beans are used to prepare caffeinated beverages that can help with alertness and concentration.
* Gardenia fruits and flowers have been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat anxiety, insomnia, and inflammation.
* Madder root (Rubia tinctorum) has been used as a dye and in traditional medicine to treat skin conditions and digestive disorders.

However, it's important to note that the medicinal use of plants from this family should be based on scientific evidence and under the guidance of healthcare professionals, as some of these plants can have side effects or interact with medications.

'Cucurbita' is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. This genus includes several species of plants that are commonly known as squashes or gourds, such as pumpkins, zucchinis, and acorn squashes. The fruits of these plants are widely cultivated and consumed for their nutritional value and versatility in cooking.

The name 'Cucurbita' comes from the Latin word for "gourd" or "pumpkin." Plants in this genus are native to the Americas, with some species originating in Mexico and Central America and others in the southern United States. They have been cultivated by humans for thousands of years and are an important part of many traditional diets around the world.

In a medical context, 'Cucurbita' may be mentioned in relation to the use of certain species as traditional remedies or in nutritional studies. For example, pumpkin seeds have been used in traditional medicine to treat parasitic infections, and some research suggests that they may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, it is important to note that the scientific evidence for these potential health benefits is still limited, and more research is needed before any firm conclusions can be drawn.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "flowering tops" is not a standard medical term. The term "flowering tops" is commonly used in the context of cannabis cultivation and refers to the top colas or buds of female cannabis plants that are covered in trichomes and are therefore the most potent part of the plant. If you have any questions about medical terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you!

In the context of medicine, "odors" refer to smells or scents that are produced by certain medical conditions, substances, or bodily functions. These odors can sometimes provide clues about underlying health issues. For example, sweet-smelling urine could indicate diabetes, while foul-smelling breath might suggest a dental problem or gastrointestinal issue. However, it's important to note that while odors can sometimes be indicative of certain medical conditions, they are not always reliable diagnostic tools and should be considered in conjunction with other symptoms and medical tests.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Norisoprenoids" is not a widely recognized or established term in medicine or medical chemistry. It appears to be a term used primarily in the field of plant metabolism and natural products chemistry, referring to a class of compounds that are derived from the degradation of carotenoids (a type of isoprenoid) and have lost one or more methyl groups.

If you're asking about this term in a different context or if there's specific medical relevance you have in mind, could you please provide more details? I'd be happy to help further if I can.

"Fragaria" is the genus name for plants in the family Rosaceae, which includes various species of strawberries. These plants are native to temperate regions of the world and are widely cultivated for their edible fruits. The term "Fragaria" itself does not have a specific medical definition, but certain compounds found in strawberries, such as flavonoids and vitamin C, have been studied for potential health benefits.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Marantaceae" is not a medical term. It is a botanical term that refers to a family of flowering plants, also known as the prayer plant family. This family includes several genera of tropical herbs and shrubs, many of which are grown for their ornamental leaves and flowers. If you have any questions about a medical term, I would be happy to help if you could provide it.

Tobacco is not a medical term, but it refers to the leaves of the plant Nicotiana tabacum that are dried and fermented before being used in a variety of ways. Medically speaking, tobacco is often referred to in the context of its health effects. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "tobacco" can also refer to any product prepared from the leaf of the tobacco plant for smoking, sucking, chewing or snuffing.

Tobacco use is a major risk factor for a number of diseases, including cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung disease, and various other medical conditions. The smoke produced by burning tobacco contains thousands of chemicals, many of which are toxic and can cause serious health problems. Nicotine, one of the primary active constituents in tobacco, is highly addictive and can lead to dependence.

Homeobox genes are a specific class of genes that play a crucial role in the development and regulation of an organism's body plan. They encode transcription factors, which are proteins that regulate the expression of other genes. The homeobox region within these genes contains a highly conserved sequence of about 180 base pairs that encodes a DNA-binding domain called the homeodomain. This domain is responsible for recognizing and binding to specific DNA sequences, thereby controlling the transcription of target genes.

Homeobox genes are particularly important during embryonic development, where they help establish the anterior-posterior axis and regulate the development of various organs and body segments. They also play a role in maintaining adult tissue homeostasis and have been implicated in certain diseases, including cancer. Mutations in homeobox genes can lead to developmental abnormalities and congenital disorders.

Some examples of homeobox gene families include HOX genes, PAX genes, and NKX genes, among others. These genes are highly conserved across species, indicating their fundamental role in the development and regulation of body plans throughout the animal kingdom.

Onagraceae is a scientific name for a family of flowering plants, also known as the evening primrose family. It consists of around 650 species, distributed across 21 genera. The plants in this family are characterized by their four-petaled flowers and simple or compound leaves. They can be annuals, biennials, or perennials, and can be found in a variety of habitats worldwide, with the majority of the species native to North and South America.

Some common examples of plants in this family include the evening primrose (Oenothera biennis), the sun drop (Oenothera fruticosa), and the fireweed (Chamaenerion angustifolium). The seeds, leaves, and roots of some Onagraceae species are used in traditional medicine, and some have been found to contain compounds with potential medicinal properties. However, it is important to note that the use of these plants for medicinal purposes should be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as they can also contain potentially toxic compounds.

"Persea" is a botanical term that refers to a genus of plants in the family Lauraceae, which includes over 150 species. The most well-known member of this genus is Persea americana, which is commonly known as the avocado tree. The fruit of this tree, also called an avocado, is widely consumed for its rich, creamy texture and high nutritional value. Avocados are a good source of healthy fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and have been linked to various health benefits.

Therefore, in a medical or nutritional context, "Persea" may refer specifically to the avocado fruit or its extracts, which have been used in traditional medicine for their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hypolipidemic properties. However, it is important to note that not all species of Persea have similar medicinal or nutritional benefits, so any medical or health claims should be specific to the particular species or extract being used.

A mutation is a permanent change in the DNA sequence of an organism's genome. Mutations can occur spontaneously or be caused by environmental factors such as exposure to radiation, chemicals, or viruses. They may have various effects on the organism, ranging from benign to harmful, depending on where they occur and whether they alter the function of essential proteins. In some cases, mutations can increase an individual's susceptibility to certain diseases or disorders, while in others, they may confer a survival advantage. Mutations are the driving force behind evolution, as they introduce new genetic variability into populations, which can then be acted upon by natural selection.

Cyclamen is a genus of flowering plants in the family Primulaceae, native to Europe and the Mediterranean region. It includes several species that are popular as houseplants for their attractive flowers and heart-shaped leaves. The medical definition of Cyclamen does not exist, as it is primarily used in horticulture and not known to have significant medicinal properties. However, some species of Cyclamen contain chemicals called cyclamine and triterpenoid saponins, which may have potential therapeutic benefits, but more research is needed to confirm their safety and efficacy.

... at National-Football-Teams.com Ronaldo Flowers at Soccerway v t e (NFT template with ID not in Wikidata, ... Ronaldo Flowers (born 9 March 2003) is an Antigua and Barbudan international footballer who plays for the Antigua and Barbuda ...
The first Flowers Gallery was established by Angela Flowers in February 1968 on Lisle Street in London's West End. Later in the ... The formal West End quarters on Cork Street was until Spring 2010 known as Flowers Central. In 2002 Flowers East moved from ... The Flowers Galleries are two galleries in London (on Cork Street in the West End, and in Shoreditch in the East End) and a ... Similarly to the two galleries in London, Flowers West is no longer in use. Millard, Rosie (15 May 2013). "The House Rules: ...
Flowers was best known for the comedy act he created with his puppet Madame. His performances as "Wayland Flowers and Madame" ... Wayland Flowers and Madame, 1977 Uncensored TV Wayland Flowers and Madame: An Exhibition Presented by the Center for Puppetry ... "This was an underground act that took root and shot up out of nowhere," Flowers remarked. Flowers created an elaborate ... Wayland Flowers Madame Puppet Wayland Flowers Madame Puppet, ca. 1972 Bay Area Reporter, Volume 20, Number 27, 5 July 1990 Bay ...
... may refer to: Bitter Flowers (2007 film), a Norwegian crime thriller film Bitter Flowers (2017 film), a drama ... film directed by Olivier Meys This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Bitter Flowers. If an internal ...
Lethon 'Lee' Flowers (born January 14, 1973) is a former safety who played for the Pittsburgh Steelers most of his eight years ...
... was born in Cape Fear, North Carolina on July 1, 1960. The daughter of Margaret Flowers (née Valentine) an ... Flowers moved to Paris, France, in 1982. She once again started singing in local jazz clubs such as the Hollywood Savoy, Le ... Christine Flowers (born 1 July 1960 in Cape Fear, North Carolina) is an American singer and actress. Her musical repertoire ... The song "Colors And Light" has been rewarded "Winner Clip TV M6 1995". Flowers returned to Paris in the mid-1990s to perform ...
Flowers played sparsely during the 2010 season, recording 11 tackles in 13 games, most of which came on special teams. Flowers ... Flowers signed with the Washington Redskins on December 26, 2018. He was waived on August 31, 2019. Flowers was selected in the ... Flowers switched to outside linebacker during 2012 training camp. Flowers transitioned well, and maintained relatively the same ... "Marquis Flowers". rivals.com. Retrieved January 1, 2013. "Marquis Flowers Profile - ARIZONAWILDCATS". Finley, Ryan (August 28, ...
Leaving some flowers and fruits to develop may be necessary for identification purposes. Flowerdew, Bob (2012). Pruning, ... Deflowering is a form of pruning that consists of removing flowers before they develop. It is similar to deadheading but ... stricter, as deadheading refers to the removal of faded flowers. Deflowering is usually performed on fruit-forming and seed- ...
Clyde Eugene Flowers (October 6, 1921 - August 15, 2000) was an American football player. He attended Texas Christian ... "Ex-football standout Clyde Flowers dies". Amarillo Globe-News. amarillo.com. August 16, 2000. Retrieved 2015-01-30. (Articles ...
Deadheading flowers with many petals, such as roses, peonies, and camellias prevents them from littering. Deadheading can be ... Deadheading is a widespread form of pruning, since fading flowers are not as appealing and direct a lot of energy into seed ... Deflowering (flowers) Flowerdew, Bob (2012). Pruning, Training, and Tidying: Bob's Basics. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978- ... Dead heading for more flowers - Royal Horticultural Society video v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ...
... may refer to: Larry Flowers (American football) (born 1958), former professional American football player Larry L ... Flowers (born 1952), former Republican member of the Ohio House of Representatives This disambiguation page lists articles ...
"Gate Flowers". KBS. 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2023-08-25. Cho, Chung-un (2012-09-12). "Rock band Gate Flowers looks beyond Korea". ... Gate Flowers (Korean: 게이트 플라워즈) is a South Korean hard rock band. The band currently consists of Park Geunhong, Yeom Seungshik ... They released the EP Gate Flowers in 2010. In 2011, they won the Rookie of the Year award at the Korean Music Awards. They ... Since their formation in 2005, the band has released the studio album Times (2012). Gate Flowers was formed in 2005 in Seoul, ...
Flowers was interviewed about the murders a few days later and denied committing them. With the help of DNA, Flowers was ... Flowers started dating another woman, Mawusi Ragland, whom he had known since the early 1990s. On May 4, Flowers killed his ... In 1993, Flowers was convicted of burglary, robbery, and an arson-fire that killed a dog. In 1999, he was convicted of the ... Flowers was born on March 15, 1974, and raised in a dysfunctional family in Compton, California, an area known for poverty and ...
... by Nancy Friday is a book which explores women's sexual fantasies. It can be read as a feminist analysis of ... These are entitled My Mother/My Self, Men in Love, Jealousy, and The Power of Beauty.[citation needed] Forbidden Flowers is ... Forbidden Flowers, Nancy Friday, Arrow Books, 1994 Women on Top, Nancy Friday, BCA, 1991 Human sexuality portal v t e (Use mdy ...
... ': Seattle author's case for sustainably-grown flowers". KNKX. "'Slow Flowers' movement pushes local, U.S.-grown ... Slow Flowers' movement pushes local, US-grown cut flowers". WHYY. Associated Press. "Flower-share CSAs bring blooms throughout ... "A Flower-Farming Renaissance: America's Slow Flower Movement". Modern Farmer. "Slow flower movement blooming in Ontario". The ... Slow Flowers is a movement promoting the support and purchase of American-grown flowers in the United States. Similar to the ...
Flowers was a figure in the Australian comic art scene of the 1990s. Flowers created 'The Cat' for Southern Aurora Comics and ' ... In December 2010 Flowers exhibited a painting that caused local controversy among church leaders in Tasmania, as it depicted ... The cartoon film, "Detour in the Wheelie of Life" produced and directed by Bill Flowers and Tom Priestley was the winner of an ... Bill Flowers (born in 1963, in Tasmania, Australia) an Australian painter, printmaker, cartoonist, animator & snake wrangler ...
At birth, he was registered as Wilfred Flower. His cousin Thomas Flowers also played first-class cricket. Flowers died 1 ... After retiring as a player, Flowers served as an umpire from 1907 to 1912. Flowers was married to Martha, and was a frame work ... Flowers still bowled well in 1894, but in the dry weather of 1895 his bowling lost him: in his final season of 1896 he was put ... Flowers took such advantage of this that in 1882 he took one hundred wickets for the first time. His batting, which had been ...
Moody, Mark (July 24, 2020). "Old Flowers". Under The Radar. Retrieved July 26, 2020. "Courtney Marie Andrews - Old Flowers". ... "Old Flowers" innate grace". Hal Horowitz of American Songwriter stated, "Old Flowers conclusively proves that Courtney Marie ... Old Flowers is the seventh studio album by American singer-songwriter Courtney Marie Andrews. It was released on July 24, 2020 ... Old Flowers was met with generally favorable reviews from critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating out ...
... may refer to: Michael Flowers (basketball) (born 1999), American college basketball player Michael C. Flowers, ... U.S. Army officer Mike City (born Michael Flowers), American singer, songwriter and record producer The Mike Flowers Pops, a ... British easy-listening band fronted by Mike Flowers (real name Mike Roberts) This disambiguation page lists articles about ...
... are the popular flowers used during the festive season of Christmas. In many nations, seasonal flowers and ... Hindu Flowers of Christmas How to make an impressive Christmas flower arrangement (Christmas plants). ... Top 10 Flowers for Christmas Accessed February 15, 2013 "11 Artificial Christmas Flower". artificialmerch. 2022-09-11. ... The Mexican poinsettia, known as the Christmas Flower in North America, is used in most Christmas decorations, owing to its ...
Keith Duane Flowers (April 24, 1930 - November 12, 1993) was an American football player who played one season in the National ... "KEITH FLOWERS". profootballarchives.com. Archived from the original on September 9, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014. Just ...
Flowers at England games is known for leading the Barmy Army in their singing. He is considered such a recognisable asset for ... Victor "Vic" Flowers is a cricket supporter from Oldham, England and is often referred to as the unofficial leader of the Barmy ... Flowers is a Roman Catholic and has 2 children, but has not seen them for 20 years. Reynolds, Nigel (2007-01-06). "Barmy Army ... Flowers' actions have also led him into trouble. He was once barred from attending an Ashes match at Headingley Stadium in 2009 ...
... may refer to: Flowers that mainly bloom in the spring, see: "Spring Flowers", an instrumental song by Raffi on ... his 1994 album Bananaphone Spring Flowers (1936 film), a Chinese film of the 1930s Spring-loaded artificial flowers used by ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Spring flowers. If an internal link led you here, you may ... and which then return to normal size and shape when released Spring Flowers (Fabergé egg) ...
Flowers was married with two children. His son was killed in an aviation accident in 1952. Flower's daughter began to develop ... Joshua Percy Flowers (1903-1982) was an American businessman and moonshiner. Flowers began purchasing land in the early years ... Flowers is reported to have been a "pillar of the White Oak Baptist Church" and to have had close ties with local politicians. ... Flowers purchased several pieces of land during the early portion of the Great Depression and farmed the land until the 1970s. ...
Robert C. Flowers (August 6, 1917 - December 8, 1962) was an American football player who played eight seasons for the Green ...
... at IMDb Broken Flowers at AllMovie Broken Flowers at Box Office Mojo Broken Flowers at Rotten Tomatoes (Articles ... Later, Don stops at a florist to buy flowers from a young woman named Sun Green who treats his cut. Don leaves the flowers at ... "Broken Flowers (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 15, 2010. "Broken Flowers". Metacritic. Retrieved June 4, 2021. Tucker, ... "Broken Flowers: Start to Finish" list the title of the film as "Dead Flowers." The film is dedicated to French director Jean ...
... and Terry Austin Flowers. He has an older brother and four older sisters. Flowers's family lived in Henderson until Flowers was ... Flowers is regarded as a prominent frontman of the new wave revival in the 2000s. As a solo artist, Flowers first exhibited ... MTV rated Flowers' tour stop at London's Brixton Academy five stars. Flowers performed for President Barack Obama in 2015 at ... "Brandon Flowers, the Solo Killer." Rolling Stone May 7, 2015: 18. ProQuest. Web. October 1, 2015. "Brandon Flowers' album has ...
"Official Charts > Hothouse Flowers". The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved 25 June 2016. "Billboard > Hothouse Flowers > ... N.B. User must manually enter 'Hothouse Flowers' into the Search by Artist box to display results. "Ultratop > Hothouse Flowers ... In 1989, the Flowers collaborated with the Indigo Girls on their song "Closer To Fine", which became a US hit, and led to some ... In 1992, Hothouse Flowers joined Def Leppard - the combined group going by the name The Acoustic Hippies From Hell - to record ...
... is an album by jazz organist Johnny "Hammond" Smith recorded for the Prestige label in 1967. The Allmusic site ...
Flowers is also a keyboard player and vocalist. Matthew Flowers is the son of Angela Flowers (art dealer) and Adrian Flowers ( ... Flowers started working at Angela Flowers Gallery at weekends in 1970. He then assisted his mother Angela Flowers (founder of ... Matthew Flowers set up Flowers Graphics (International print publishers) in 1988 and became Managing Director of Angela Flowers ... In 1991 Flowers Gallery expanded further with an 18,000 sq feet space called London Fields. In 1997 the Gallery opened Flowers ...
Award-winning online florist offering same-day and next-day flower delivery in the USA and Canada. Order fresh flowers and ... Some of the more popular pages include the Meanings of Flowers, the Meanings of Roses and a Guys Guide To Giving Flowers. ... Or, make spirits bright with festive Christmas Flowers. You can also select from popular year-round Flower Arrangements, cheery ... So, brighten someones day with the morale boosting power of flowers delivered just for them. Order flowers online, or call us ...
Malaysian flowers] [flower meanings & legends] [flower facts & trivia]. [holiday flowers] [edible flowers(a)] [edible flowers(b ... national & state flowers] [cut flower tips] [giant flowers] [lake garden]. [wax flowers] [flower signs] [phenology] [poisonous ... Flowers are a special gift from God.....a world without flowers would be dull and drab. Flowers have been a source of beauty, ... its always expressed with flowers !. Flowers have a language of their own. For every sentiment, there is a flower that can ...
The group is also called fruit and flower chafers, flower beetles and flower scarabs. There are around 4,000 species, many of ... Flower chafers are a group of scarab beetles comprising the subfamily Cetoniinae. Many species are diurnal and visit flowers ... Adult flower chafers are usually brightly coloured beetles, often metallic, and somewhat flattened in shape. The insertions of ... They can hover above and land on flowers or fruit. When threatened by predators, they escape by either performing a rush take ...
The reliable and economical way to send flowers to Bombay ... Mumbai Flowers. Flowers to Mumbai Cakes to Mumbai Florists in ... Visit our member sites for the best flowers and gifts to India PhoolWala.com Bloom India 123 Flora FloraTel Phool Time India ... Send Flowers Through our Florists To India - we have a florist with a premier flower shop in every Indian city - Agra , Agra , ... Madras Madurai Bangalore online flowers florists flower Delhi Ernakulam Guwahati Hyderabad roses bouquet reliable economical ...
https://www.mediafire.com/file/1b9jtnsrx2tisz3/Cute_Flowers_Border_Embroidery_Design.zip/file. .header { position: absolute; ...
Dont be afraid to shorten the flowers. Many vases are v-shaped to take advantage of a big bunch of flowers. But if the flowers ... It usually doesnt matter what order to place the flowers in the vase. "If Im using (a lot of) flowers, usually I take the ... But flowers from a grocery stores floral department - this is what most people have easy access to, Vanderwarker points out - ... Even a couple of bunches of flowers thrown willy-nilly into a vase will brighten up a room. But with a little forethought and ...
Or was there one particular strategy for survival used by some flowers that made them more diverse than other flowers? ... Early flowers did undergo a small burst of diversity, but there have been many bursts since then, and they don t seem to follow ... Rare flower blooms on critically endangered tree. Only about two dozen trees from the Karomia gigas tree exist in its wild ... This is only a step towards the full tree of flowering plants, but it s a huge one just ten years ago scientists thought such a ...
"Flower of Scotland" (Scottish Gaelic: Flùr na h-Alba, Scots: Flower o Scotland) is a Scottish song, frequently performed on ... "The Corries - Flower of Scotland lyrics + English (Scots) translation".. *^ SONGS OF THE SIX NATIONS Archived 16 July 2011 at ... "Flower of Scotland is first choice in RSNO anthem poll". The Herald. Glasgow. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 5 February 2011.. ... "Why SFA president wants to scrap Flower of Scotland dirge". The Herald (Scotland). 3 June 2007.. ...
Common white calla lilies sport large, bright green leaves accented by a hearty, tube-shaped white flower. Their great beauty ... Gardeners often refer to the Zantedeschia aethiopica flower as the calla lily, though the plant is not actually a lily at all. ... Sometimes known as the trumpet lily - an indication of the trumpet-like shape of its flower, which takes a form similar to the ... In the spring season, the western trillium sprouts a three-petaled white flower which becomes pink or red with age. Due to its ...
Download the most popular Flowers Desk Photos on Freepik ✓ Free for commercial use ✓ High Quality Images ✓ Over 31 Million ...
Flowers add fabulous, festive flair to the holiday table. (Photo: Getty). Hosting a high-stakes Turkey Day dinner? Send ... A nice hidden perk: The wicker vase includes a clear glass insert that can be used as a candle holder once the flowers are gone ...
There have been several threads on flower shots recently and having commented on other folks, thought maybe I should put up ... Re: Photographing flowers that is about how we keep our grass - dont worry, the flowers will be back very soon! I like the ... Photographing flowers There have been several threads on flower shots recently and having commented on other folks, thought ... Nothing abstract about any of these: you can clearly see what kind of flowers they are. I find that the challenge with flower ...
Earlier in the week I had the chance to sit down with a photographer whose specialty is photographing flowers. As I tend. ... Heres what I gleaned from him and his flower photography experience:. By the way - he also recommended two flower photography ... Earlier in the week I had the chance to sit down with a photographer whose specialty is photographing flowers. As I tend to do ... books - Photographing Flowers: Inspiration*Equipment*Technique by Sue Bishop and Field Guide To Photographing Flowers by Rokach ...
We are passionate about Flower & Vibrational Essences as they are a powerful resource for personal and spiritual growth and ... Flower Essences & Bach Flower Remedies. Welcome to Crystal Herbs - we offer a wonderful range of Flower Essences, Bach Flower ... From the Flower Essence Blog. The Flower Essence Blog is a journal of Flower & Vibrational Essences and how to use them for ... Getting Started With Flower & Vibrational Essences. What Are Flower & Vibrational Essences? Flower Essences are natures gift. ...
Read reviews, view photos, see special offers, and contact LUGO Flowers directly on The Knot. ... LUGO Flowers is a Florist in Silver Spring, MD. ... LUGO Flowers offers personalized wedding packages which can be ... My name is Melissa Parks, a seasoned HR Manager with a unique passion for flowers and event planning. With a successful track ... Based out of Silver Spring, MD, LUGO Flowers is a premier wedding florist specializing in breathtaking designs with a timeless ...
View this student essay about Flowers for Algernon. ... Essays from BookRags provide great ideas for Flowers for ... I recently read a short story called "Flowers for Algernon" written by Daniel Keyes in which the author attempts to build up ... Analysis of "Flowers for Algernon" from BookRags. (c)2023 BookRags, Inc. All rights reserved. ... This student essay consists of approximately 3 pages of analysis of Analysis of Flowers for Algernon. ...
2.1. Sharing of password or login information is strictly prohibited. Suspension of account access may result from sharing of this information.. 2.2. Worksheets and other materials available on abcteach, including clip art, may be printed or otherwise duplicated for use in your home or your classroom(s). Clip art on abcteach is intended as a resource for you in creating lessons and teaching materials and the like within your permitted usage of the Site. If you are a paid member, our clip art may be: placed on another publication as clip art, or distributed individually on a third-party authorship site, if you as a member give abcteach credit for any clip art intended to be redistributed. Giving credit to abcteach requires you to mention our name and website on any publications in which you use our clip art for redistribution. You may not use our clip art in the design or content of another website; or distribute our clip art electronically or by email or text or by any other media or social ...
Find Cathal Flowers in Londonderry, BT47. Get contact details, videos, photos, opening times and map directions. Search for ... Flower delivery Flower arrangements Chair cover hire Funeral flowers Florists supplies Plants Wedding flowers Interior ... Beautiful Flowers, Great Service!. 5 It is such a pleasure to have Cathal Flowers provide all our floral needs as they ... Londonderry Cathal Flowers is a local family-run florist that prides itself on its high quality fresh flowers, creative floral ...
A flower can be eaten to restore 1 health point. 12 flowers are needed to make a garland. A garland will restore sanity over ...
Meg at Decor It Yourself shows us how to make some sweet kirigami flowers in this video turorial. ... Meg at Decor It Yourself shows us how to make some sweet kirigami flowers in this video turorial. ...
Source for information on moccasin flower: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. dictionary. ... Flower , Flower A flower is the reproductive structure of an Angiosperm plant. Flowers have ovaries with ovules that develop ... Unisexual Flower , unisexual flower A flower that possesses either stamens or carpels but not both. A plant may be unisexual ( ... to pasque-flower (XVI) after pasque E… Inflorescence , An inflorescence is a collection of flowers in a particular branching ...
End of content. No more pages to load. ...
Send your condolences with FTDs funeral flowers and gifts. Explore our wreaths, standing sprays, bouquets, breathtaking floral ... Related to Funeral Flowers. send flowersbest flower deliverylocal flower deliverysympathy collectionftd sympathy arrangements ... flowers for cremation servicefuneral plantsfuneral flower wreathsympathy deliverysame day sympathy deliverysympathy flowers ...
... lavender flowers soothe, balance and help to cleanse. ... The violet flowers are picked as soon as they begin to open. ... Its flower is filled with linalool, a substance known for its sedative effects on the nervous system. ... Whether rubbed directly onto skin or infused in warm bath water, lavender flowers soothe, balance and help to cleanse. Their ...
Get the best deals on Fresh Cut Flowers & Supplies when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Free shipping on ... Do flower vases affect the life of fresh flowers?. Flower vases typically dont affect how long fresh flowers will end up ... Once you have got your flowers, look for flower food especially meant for that particular kind of flower. ... the only additive with significant effects you can employ in your flowers water is a flower food. Flower food is a combination ...
Find Honors Flowers in Plymouth, PL3. Read 55 reviews, get contact details, photos, opening times and map directions. Search ... Flower delivery Flower arrangements Chair cover hire Funeral flowers Florists supplies Plants Wedding flowers Interior ... Birthday Flowers Excellent 5 Many thanks to the staff at Honours who went above and beyond to deliver flowers to my daughter on ... Amazing flowers and service 5 Great service! I am really happy with the bouquet of flowers! I would highly recommend and will ...
Whilst we try to show you the style of gifts available, the flower content and style will vary to ensure we deliver the very ... Mixed cut flowers is delivered by a professional local florist in Australia. ... our flower delivery service to Australia will be there when you cant. Local Interflora florists turn fresh blooms into elegant ... Whilst we try to show you the style of gifts available, the flower content and style will vary to ensure we deliver the very ...
Beautiful flowers - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. No membership needed. ...
  • National & International Florist Delivery of Fresh Flowers, Plants and Floral Arrangements. (800florals.com)
  • You'll find lot's of other great gift ideas, too, including blooming and green Plants along with FTD Flowers , Teleflora Bouquets , Thank You Gifts , and Thinking of You selections. (800florals.com)
  • Our flowers and plants are individually made by our network of florists and available for same-day and next-day delivery throughout most of the USA and Canada. (800florals.com)
  • Our awesome florists make it easy to send flowers and plants delivered almost anywhere in the USA, Canada, or worldwide . (800florals.com)
  • Flowering plants, by that reasoning, were among the greatest champions of all. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • There are some 250,000 known species of flowering plants, and the total is probably double that. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The closest living relatives of flowering plants (pine trees, firs, gingkos, and the like collectively known as gymnosperms) make up a grand total of just over 800. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • These numbers are all the more remarkable when you consider that flowering plants emerged around 140 million years ago, and gymnosperms had already been on Earth since at least 360 million years ago. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In over twice the time, gymnosperms have produced less than 1% of the diversity found in flowering plants. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In recent years, different teams of scientists have compared the genes of different species of flowering plants. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • This is only a step towards the full tree of flowering plants, but it s a huge one just ten years ago scientists thought such a goal was impossible to meet. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • It s possible for example that in some cases flowering plants thrived particularly well as the planet has gradually cooled. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • But when scientists finally create a species-level tree of flowering plants (an achievement that may take decades), they may finally pinpoint some of the solutions. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Plants that make flowers are known as flowering plants. (scientificamerican.com)
  • But do flowers only exist to make plants look pretty? (scientificamerican.com)
  • This means the flowers are a crucial part of the process in growing seeds to make more plants. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Some flowering plants have a stem, which is a long stalk that carries water and nutrients and supports the flower. (scientificamerican.com)
  • As you can see, a flower is much more than just beautiful to look at: it is essential for a plant to create more plants. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Label each section on each plate with a name of one of the three flowering plants. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Carefully look at each of the flowering plants. (scientificamerican.com)
  • If you have a magnifying glass, you can use it to examine your plants and their flowers. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Choose one of your flowering plants, and start your plant dissection. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Angiosperm, any of about 300,000 species of flowering plants, the largest and most diverse group within the kingdom Plantae. (britannica.com)
  • Ericaceae, the heath family of flowering plants (order Ericales), comprising 126 genera and some 4,000 species. (britannica.com)
  • Eucommiaceae, family of dicotyledonous flowering plants comprising the single species Eucommia ulmoides in the. (britannica.com)
  • Euphorbiaceae, spurge family of flowering plants (order Malpighiales), containing some 6,745 species in 218 genera. (britannica.com)
  • Eupteleaceae, family of dicotyledonous flowering plants (order Ranunculales) with one genus, Euptelea, and two. (britannica.com)
  • Fabaceae, pea family of flowering plants (angiosperms), within the order Fabales. (britannica.com)
  • Fabales, order of dicotyledonous flowering plants in the Rosid I group among the core eudicots. (britannica.com)
  • Fagales, beech order of dicotyledonous woody flowering plants, comprising nearly 1,900 species in 55 genera. (britannica.com)
  • In the first challenge, the contestants craft giant bug sculptures out of flowers and plants in a dome abuzz with bees, beetles and butterflies. (rottentomatoes.com)
  • Many species are diurnal and visit flowers for pollen and nectar , or to browse on the petals. (wikipedia.org)
  • While this tree does not actually have a twig for every species of flower, its 379 branches include every family of species. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Flower vases typically don't affect how long fresh flowers will end up living, meaning you can keep your flowers in your favorite vase no matter what species they are. (ebay.com)
  • Red flowers seem especially attractive to birds, particularly hummingbirds, so the number of red flowered species may have some relationship to the number of bird pollinated species. (madsci.org)
  • links":[{"url":"https://www.1800flowers.com/blog/floral-occasions-holidays/mothers-day-flowers-gifting/diy-paper-photo-flowers-for-mom-mothers-day-crafts-for-kids/", "h1":"Mother's Day Crafts for Kids: DIY Photo Flowers With Free. (1800flowers.com)
  • You can also select from popular year-round Flower Arrangements , cheery Birthday Bouquets and thoughtful Anniversary Bouquets . (800florals.com)
  • We are your local florist in Plymouth specialising in stunning gift bouquets as well as bridal, funeral and corporate flowers. (yell.com)
  • From hand-tied bouquets and vibrant seasonal arrangements, to letterbox flowers packed fresh and in bud. (next.co.uk)
  • Cypress Flowers Design makes everything from bouquets and boutonnieres to aisle decor, centerpieces, Chuppah decor, and more. (theknot.com)
  • We worked with Cypress flowers to arrange our wedding centerpieces and bouquets/boutonnières. (theknot.com)
  • Serving Washington DC, LUGO Flowers is committed to quality customer service and bespoke handcrafted arrangements. (theknot.com)
  • Our friendly and welcoming florist is the ideal place to browse our large selection of flowers and gifts and receive expert advice for everything from the perfect floral gift for a loved one, to the best floral table arrangements for your big day. (yell.com)
  • It is such a pleasure to have 'Cathal Flowers' provide all our floral needs as they consistently provide the highest standard of service, geniune advice, realiable service delivery & outstanding arrangements every time. (yell.com)
  • Thanks to vibrant fresh flower arrangements, your day will be filled with beauty and life. (theknot.com)
  • Carnations are a classic, and they're one flower that we love to see in floral arrangements. (1800flowers.com)
  • Cutting gardens-flowers that are planted specifically for harvesting and enjoying as arrangements-are all the rage now. (prweb.com)
  • Order flowers online, or call us toll-free, for beautiful floral gifts and professional florist delivery . (800florals.com)
  • Based out of Silver Spring, MD, LUGO Flowers is a premier wedding florist specializing in breathtaking designs with a timeless quality. (theknot.com)
  • Honors Flowers is a family run Plymouth florist that has built up a fantastic reputation in its 10 years of trading. (yell.com)
  • Mixed cut flowers is delivered by a professional local florist in Australia. (ftd.com)
  • TAMPA, Fla. - Flowers Direct, an on-line florist, may have won the coveted eflowers.com domain name on the Internet, but the real winner in the deal may be Sara Ostrofsky. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Flowers Direct also faced sharp competition from the much larger FTD and other florist delivery giants that had offered to buy the eflowers name from Ostrofsky. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Many vases are v-shaped to take advantage of a big bunch of flowers. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Do flower vases affect the life of fresh flowers? (ebay.com)
  • That being said, it's a good idea to choose vases that are large enough to hold your flowers with some extra space. (ebay.com)
  • Flowers that last longer include alstroemeria, tulips and sunflowers. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Should you be looking for a flower to give your child to care for rather than to plant, tulips fit the bill nicely since maintenance is pretty basic. (1800flowers.com)
  • Like the calla, its flowers sport thick, leathery petals that bloom in white, pink or purple shades. (ehow.com)
  • Yellow hues accent the interior of the petals, which start in a funnel formation similar to the calla but eventually spread out in a star formation as the flower matures. (ehow.com)
  • The petals of the Easter lily's trumpet-like flower blossom into a star shape. (ehow.com)
  • Unlike the calla, this flower features six petals in a star formation. (ehow.com)
  • While this doesn't offer any major benefits, it helps to ensure the flowers have room to breathe and aren't too crowded, which could bruise petals. (ebay.com)
  • When you look at the flower of a flowering plant, the most obvious parts are probably the petals. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The flower petal designs are actually printed using photo’s of real tulip petals. (makezine.com)
  • A bouquet of fresh cut flowers is a great way to express yourself in a variety of situations. (ebay.com)
  • Temperature does impact the life of fresh flower bouquet. (ebay.com)
  • My daughter was delighted with the bouquet, so once again, many thanks for the flowers and your service. (yell.com)
  • Recently ordered a Valentines bouquet of flowers to my wife's work from Honors. (yell.com)
  • Although they can be beautiful to us, flowers are made to attract pollinators for reproduction. (scientificamerican.com)
  • There are roughly 20,000 professional florists in North America that design and deliver fresh flowers on a daily basis. (800florals.com)
  • Adult cetoniines are herbivorous , being found on flowers (from which they consume nectar and pollen), tree sap and rotting fruit. (wikipedia.org)
  • This popular lily plant grows from 1 to 3 feet tall and features a white, thick-petaled flower blossom with yellow pods of pollen. (ehow.com)
  • Pollination occurs if the pollen gets carried to the female parts of a new flower, called the pistil. (scientificamerican.com)
  • When pollen is dropped into the pistil of a flower, the eggs, or ovules, inside the plant ovaries are fertilized. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Gardeners often refer to the Zantedeschia aethiopica flower as the calla lily, though the plant is not actually a lily at all. (ehow.com)
  • Sometimes known as the trumpet lily - an indication of the trumpet-like shape of its flower, which takes a form similar to the shape of the calla lily - the Lillium regale comes from Western China. (ehow.com)
  • Explore our precious collection of flower decorations. (swarovski.com)
  • Explore beautiful fresh flowers for every occasion. (next.co.uk)
  • Essay provides an analysis of "Flowers for Algernon" by Daniel Keyes. (bookrags.com)
  • I recently read a short story called "Flowers for Algernon" written by Daniel Keyes in which the author attempts to build up the reader's sympathy for the main character, Charlie Gordon. (bookrags.com)
  • More summaries and resources for teaching or studying Flowers for Algernon . (bookrags.com)
  • We have extensive experience in the floral industry and are knowledgeable about how flowers appeal to our customers, carefully selecting our stock to ensure that we have something to suit every style and taste. (yell.com)
  • According to the Council's judgment , the sale of CBD in leaf and flower form does not pose a risk to public health and should not be banned. (forbes.com)
  • The Zantedeschia elliottiana, or golden calla, sprouts deep yellow flowers, while the Zantedeschia rehmannii - known as the pink calla or pink arum - has lavender, red or violet flowers. (ehow.com)
  • The violet flowers are picked as soon as they begin to open. (lush.com)
  • Common white calla lilies sport large, bright green leaves accented by a hearty, tube-shaped white flower. (ehow.com)
  • However, the government approved in December 2021 the sale of products containing CBD with a THC content of less than 0.3% but simultaneously prohibited the sale of hemp flowers and leaves. (forbes.com)
  • The court noted that the harmfulness of CBD and other molecules present in cannabis flowers and leaves has not been established. (forbes.com)
  • Trees grow leaves, grass gets green, and flowers sprout, displaying beautiful colors and sometimes spreading a delightful scent. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Whilst we try to show you the style of gifts available, the flower content and style will vary to ensure we deliver the very best gift we can. (ftd.com)
  • Surprise them with fresh flowers and your personal note of love, appreciation, or gratitude. (800florals.com)
  • Or, make spirits bright with festive Christmas Flowers . (800florals.com)
  • Flowers add fabulous, festive flair to the holiday table. (yahoo.com)
  • Our corporate flowers are ideal for hotels, restaurants and local businesses, in fact we even offer free delivery for our corporate clients. (yell.com)
  • Whether it's congratulations or condolences, our flower delivery service to Australia will be there when you can't. (ftd.com)
  • Each flower or vibrational essence carries the unique and beautiful energies of a particular flower, gem, crystal, mineral or geometric shape in liquid form. (crystalherbs.com)
  • Beautiful Flowers, Great Service! (yell.com)
  • Instead your beautiful FTD flowers will be delivered by UPS, FedEx or USPS. (ftd.com)
  • Beautiful flowers. (canstockphoto.com)
  • She was so flexible throughout the process and I truly can't believe how beautiful all the flowers were. (weddingwire.com)
  • Cypress Flowers Design creates beautiful floral pieces to enhance weddings in Santa Clara, California. (theknot.com)
  • In this study, we quantified the insect attractiveness of 79 varieties in full bloom being grown in a public urban garden that is popular due to its beautiful flowers and other attractions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Its flower is filled with linalool, a substance known for its sedative effects on the nervous system. (lush.com)
  • So, brighten someone's day with the morale boosting power of flowers delivered just for them. (800florals.com)
  • If you want to put a smile on someone's face, send fresh cut flowers. (articlesnatch.com)
  • It usually doesn't matter what order to place the flowers in the vase. (chicagotribune.com)
  • When looking for fresh flowers and supplies, it's important to consider where you are and what you plan to do with them in order to get the most out of each one. (ebay.com)
  • In order to get the most out of your fresh flowers, the only additive with significant effects you can employ in your flower's water is a flower food. (ebay.com)
  • These dried flowers are derived from the hemp plant and contain a THC level below 0.3%, making them non-intoxicating and non-psychoactive. (forbes.com)
  • Take a closer look at the many different plant parts in this activity, and see how they differ from one flower to another! (scientificamerican.com)
  • Note: Make sure you select 'perfect flowers,' which have male (stamen) and female (pistil) plant parts, such as those listed above. (scientificamerican.com)
  • What does each plant and flower look like? (scientificamerican.com)
  • With that in mind, here are seven of the best flowers to plant with kids. (1800flowers.com)
  • These are fun flowers to plant with kids during the warmer months, and, depending on where you get them, planting can be as simple as digging a quick hole and sticking the roots in. (1800flowers.com)
  • Daisies , and especially gerbera daisies , are another flower that's perfect for parents and kids to plant and care for together. (1800flowers.com)
  • From flower blog posts and plant care tips, to heartfelt messages from internal experts, we hope you enjoy reading the 1-800-Flowers.com blog, Petal Talk! (1800flowers.com)
  • The ovary itself is usually enclosed in a flower, that part of the angiospermous plant that contains the male or female reproductive organs or both. (britannica.com)
  • While results won't be instant (they'll bloom in spring), we're confident that both you and your kids will be amazed when the flowers start to poke through the ground. (1800flowers.com)
  • We also offer a wide range of funeral and corporate flowers from traditional wreaths and casket sprays to more unusual & bespoke creations. (yell.com)
  • The case was appealed to the Court of Appeal of Aix-en-Provence, which suspended the proceedings and referred the case to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to determine the compatibility of French law with EU law. (forbes.com)
  • Learn about flower types that appeal to kids, from colorful gerbera daisies to big, bright sunflowers. (1800flowers.com)
  • Flowers have been a source of beauty, joy, peace, love and inspiration throughout the ages. (angelfire.com)
  • Have you been wondering whether flower, gem and crystal essences can help you to release trauma from your energetic system? (crystalherbs.com)
  • The flowers for the funeral were exceptional, they matched the idea we had put forward in every way and complemented each other. (yell.com)
  • The flowers for the funeral were exceptional, they completely matched the idea we had requested in every way. (yell.com)
  • Shop for New Baby Gifts and Get Well Flowers or Sympathy Expressions , and be sure to check out our Best Sellers . (800florals.com)
  • If your yard has the space, these flowers are great to grow with kids - just be sure to warn them about thorns as the bush grows. (1800flowers.com)
  • There are several strategies you can employ to extend the life of fresh flowers, involving both what you can do to them and where you keep them. (ebay.com)
  • I find it fascinating that even when you think you have got down to the smallest component of a flower, next day they start unwrapping the next bit of the show. (cambridgeincolour.com)
  • It found that 68 percent of people who bought cut flowers at the grocery store were afraid to arrange them. (chicagotribune.com)
  • criscross: I know what you mean about 'going the abstract thing,' but here are a few shots of white flowers, properly exposed for the whites, where the backgrounds are more complementary. (cambridgeincolour.com)
  • Nothing abstract about any of these: you can clearly see what kind of flowers they are. (cambridgeincolour.com)
  • A petal by any other name: Become a budding botanist by learning how each part of a flower works. (scientificamerican.com)
  • White flowers actually would reflect the most colors of light but white flowers are common at all altitudes. (madsci.org)
  • Anthocyanins, that provide flower colors, protect from UV-B radiation. (madsci.org)
  • Whether rubbed directly onto skin or infused in warm bath water, lavender flowers soothe, balance and help to cleanse. (lush.com)
  • Lush purchase lavender flowers that have been cultivated in France. (lush.com)
  • The results showed very clearly that most varieties (77%, n = 61) were either poorly attractive or completely unattractive to insect flower visitors. (bvsalud.org)
  • The additional water pulled up by the flower will make it stand up better. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Here is our expert guide on how to use flower & vibrational essences and how to make the most out of taking your essence. (crystalherbs.com)
  • 12 flowers are needed to make a garland. (ign.com)
  • Meg at Decor It Yourself shows us how to make some sweet kirigami flowers in this video turorial. (makezine.com)
  • The group is also called fruit and flower chafers , flower beetles and flower scarabs . (wikipedia.org)
  • They can hover above and land on flowers or fruit. (wikipedia.org)
  • An attractive arrangement can be made with three to five flowers. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Closer examination of Dahlia varieties showed that "open" flowered forms were approximately 20 times more attractive than "closed" flowered forms. (bvsalud.org)
  • Welcome to Crystal Herbs - we offer a wonderful range of Flower Essences, Bach Flower Remedies and Gem & Crystal Essences, along with help and support for your personal journey. (crystalherbs.com)
  • According to Swedish folklore, it was a perfect time to collect healing herbs and flowers as well as trying to predict the future. (lu.se)
  • In an unusual bidding contest, Flowers Direct bought the eflowers.com name from Houston magazine publisher Marc Ostrofsky. (chicagotribune.com)
  • They're easy to work with, not just for planting but also for making unique creations, such as our flower birthday cakes ! (1800flowers.com)
  • Flowers are a thoughtful and personal way to convey your love, friendship, appreciation, or support -- an ageless expression of caring. (800florals.com)
  • Nothing says 'I Love You' like flowers. (800florals.com)
  • Love Flowers? (800florals.com)
  • On special occasions such as a birthday, you can communicate affection and love simply by choosing some lovely fresh cut flowers, says GuernseyFlowersByPost. (articlesnatch.com)
  • Flower chafers are a group of scarab beetles comprising the subfamily Cetoniinae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult flower chafers are usually brightly coloured beetles, often metallic, and somewhat flattened in shape. (wikipedia.org)