The reproductive organs of plants.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE and order Rosales. This should not be confused with the genus RHODIOLA which is sometimes called roseroot.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
A plant family of the order Orchidales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). All orchids have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.
A superfamily of proteins that share a highly conserved MADS domain sequence motif. The term MADS refers to the first four members which were MCM1 PROTEIN; AGAMOUS 1 PROTEIN; DEFICIENS PROTEIN; and SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR. Many MADS domain proteins have been found in species from all eukaryotic kingdoms. They play an important role in development, especially in plants where they have an important role in flower development.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant genus of the family CARYOPHYLLACEAE. Members contain dianthins, which are ribosome inactivating proteins.
A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. Members contain DEFICIENS PROTEIN.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant homeotic protein involved in the development of stamens and carpels of Arabidopsis thaliana. It is a DNA-binding protein that contains the MADS-box domain. It is one of the four founder proteins that structurally define the superfamily of MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE. It can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS. SAPONINS have been identified in the root.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by oppositely paired, usually compound leaves and bell- or funnel-shaped, bisexual flowers having a five-lobed calyx and corolla.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus of the family Phrymaceae. Members contain 6-geranylflavanones and mimulone.
A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.
A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.
A plant genus in the family CONVOLVULACEAE best known for morning glories (a common name also used with CONVOLVULUS) and sweet potato.
Derivatives of ethylene, a simple organic gas of biological origin with many industrial and biological use.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The leaves are usually opposite and the flowers usually have four sepals, four petals, two stamens, and two fused carpels that form a single superior ovary.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. Members contain CITRIC ACID; MALATES; ANTHOCYANINS; FLAVONOIDS; GLYCOSIDES; DIETARY FIBER; and LIGNANS. Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS. Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES.
The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains antifungal plant defensin.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. The germacranolide sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, and costunolide diepoxide have been isolated from the leaves. Bark contains honokiol and magnolol. Parts are an ingredient of Banxia Houpo Tang.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.
An order of very small, fringed-wing INSECTS including many agricultural pests.
A plant genus of the family NYMPHAEACEAE. The common name of lotus is also used for LOTUS and NELUMBO.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
A plant genus in the family THEACEAE, order THEALES best known for CAMELLIA SINENSIS which is the source of Oriental TEA.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
A plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).
The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
A plant genus of the family ALISMATACEAE that grows in salty marshes and is used for phytoremediation of oil spills. The unisexual flowers have 3 sepals and 3 petals. Members contain trifoliones (DITERPENES).
A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
DEFICIENS is a homeotic gene involved in the genetic control of Antirrhinum majus flower development. Its protein is one of the four founder proteins that structurally define the superfamily of MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS.
A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE. Members contain allergens, tuliposide A and tulipalin A.
A plant family of the order Campanulales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. As a houseplant it sometimes poisons children and animals.
The Madder plant family of the order Rubiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida includes important medicinal plants that provide QUININE; IPECAC; and COFFEE. They have opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.
Tops of plants when in flower, including the stems, leaves and blooms.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Thirteen-carbon butene cyclohexene degradation products formed by the cleavage of CAROTENOIDS. They contribute to the flavor of some FRUIT. Ionone should not be confused with the similarly named ionol.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
Genes that encode highly conserved TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that control positional identity of cells (BODY PATTERNING) and MORPHOGENESIS throughout development. Their sequences contain a 180 nucleotide sequence designated the homeobox, so called because mutations of these genes often results in homeotic transformations, in which one body structure replaces another. The proteins encoded by homeobox genes are called HOMEODOMAIN PROTEINS.
The evening primrose plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Flower parts are mostly in fours and the ovary is inferior.
A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The tree, Persea americana Mill., is known for the Avocado fruit, the food of commerce.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE that contains triterpenoid saponins.

Dynamic localization of rop GTPases to the tonoplast during vacuole development. (1/3713)

Vacuoles are essential pleomorphic organelles that undergo dynamic changes during cell growth and differentiation in plants. How developmental signals are linked to vacuole biogenesis and development is poorly understood. In this report, we show that a Rop GTPase is localized to developing vacuoles in pea (Pisum sativum cv Extra Early Alaska). Rop belongs to the RHO family of Ras-related small GTP-binding proteins that are key molecular switches in a wide variety of eukaryotic signal transduction pathways. Using indirect immunofluorescence and an anti-Rop antibody, we showed that Rop proteins accumulate to high levels in rapidly growing tapetal cells of pea anthers. In these cells, Rop is localized to an endomembrane system that exists as dynamic pleomorphic networks: a perinuclear fine network decorated with punctate dots, a network composed of small spheres and tubules, and interconnected chambers. Colocalization with a tonoplast annexin VCaB42 shows that these dynamic networks represent the tonoplast. Our results suggest that the dynamic Rop-containing tonoplast networks represent a unique stage of vacuole development. The specific localization of Rop to developing vacuoles supports a role for Rop in signal transduction that mediates vacuole development in plants.  (+info)

A florigenic effect of sucrose in Fuchsia hybrida is blocked by gibberellin-induced assimilate competition. (2/3713)

The use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-selected ion monitoring along with a (13)C internal standard has allowed sensitive measurements of the sucrose (Suc) content of individual shoot apices of Fuchsia hybrida. With intact plants, as the photosynthetic irradiance increased, so did shoot apex Suc content, reaching saturation at about 500 micromol m(-2) s(-1). These same plants flowered at the higher irradiances, remaining vegetative in 10-h short days at an irradiance of 230 micromol m(-2) s(-1). The strong correlation (r = 0.93) in these studies between flowering and shoot apex Suc content indicates a role for Suc as a stimulus to flowering in this species. However, Suc is not the long-day (LD) "florigen" of F. hybrida because 2 to 4 LD given as a 14-h low-irradiance photoperiod extension (10-15 micromol m(-2) s(-1)) induced flowering but without increase in shoot apex Suc content. Flowering induced by either pathway, the LD- or the Suc-mediated one, was inhibited by applying gibberellin (GA) to the shoot tip. Such inhibition of flowering by GA, at least for the LD pathway, was associated with a reduced apex Suc content, enhanced elongation of subapical stem tissue, and a reduced import into the shoot apex of leaf-sourced assimilate. Thus, our findings show how GA inhibits flowering of F. hybrida and confirm the importance of nutrient diversion in regulating flowering.  (+info)

Cloning of an Arabidopsis patatin-like gene, STURDY, by activation T-DNA tagging. (3/3713)

Activation T-DNA tagging can generate dominant gain-of-function mutants by overexpression of a particular endogenous gene. We identified an activation-tagged mutant, sturdy, exhibiting a stiff inflorescence stem, thicker leaves, shorter siliques, larger seeds, round-shaped flowers, and delayed growth. It is most important that unlike its wild-type counterpart, this mutant is less prone to lodging. Cloning of STURDY revealed that in sturdy, there is an open reading frame containing a single intron encoding a patatin-like homolog. The T-DNA is inserted into the 3' region of the second exon. The mutant phenotype was shown to be the result of overexpression of STURDY by mRNA analysis and transgenic studies. Preliminary histological studies have revealed an increase in cell number in the inflorescence stem of mutant plants; however, additional studies are needed to better understand the overexpression phenotype.  (+info)

Petunia Ap2-like genes and their role in flower and seed development. (4/3713)

We have isolated three Apetala2 (Ap2)-like genes from petunia and studied their expression patterns by in situ hybridization. PhAp2A has a high sequence similarity to the A function gene Ap2 from Arabidopsis and a similar expression pattern during flower development, suggesting that they are cognate orthologs. PhAp2B and PhAp2C encode for AP2-like proteins that belong to a different subgroup of the AP2 family of transcription factors and exhibit divergent, nearly complementary expression patterns during flower development compared with PhAp2A. In contrast, all three PhAp2 genes are strongly expressed in endosperm. The phenotype of the petunia A-type mutant blind cannot be attributed to mutations in the petunia Ap2 homologs identified in this study, and reverse genetics strategies applied to identify phap2a mutants indicate that PhAp2A might not be essential for normal perianth development in petunia. Nevertheless, we show that PhAp2A is capable of restoring the homeotic transformations observed in flowers and seed of the ap2-1 mutant of Arabidopsis. Although the interspecific complementation proves that PhAp2A encodes a genuine Ap2 ortholog from petunia, additional factors may be involved in the control of perianth identity in this species.  (+info)

Optimisation of transgene action at the post-transcriptional level: high quality parthenocarpic fruits in industrial tomatoes. (5/3713)

BACKGROUND: Genetic engineering of parthenocarpy confers to horticultural plants the ability to produce fruits under environmental conditions that curtail fruit productivity and quality. The DefH9-iaaM transgene, whose predicted action is to confer auxin synthesis specifically in the placenta, ovules and derived tissues, has been shown to confer parthenocarpy to several plant species (tobacco, eggplant, tomato) and varieties. RESULTS: UC82 tomato plants, a typical cultivar used by the processing industry, transgenic for the DefH9-iaaM gene produce parthenocarpic fruits that are malformed. UC82 plants transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaM, a DefH9-iaaM derivative gene modified in its 5'ULR by replacing 53 nucleotides immediately upstream of the AUG initiation codon with an 87 nucleotides-long sequence derived from the rolA intron sequence, produce parthenocarpic fruits of high quality. In an in vitro translation system, the iaaM mRNA, modified in its 5'ULR is translated 3-4 times less efficiently than the original transcript. An optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy correlates with a reduced transgene mRNA steady state level in DefH9-RI-iaaM flower buds in comparison to DefH9-iaaM flower buds. Consistent with the known function of the iaaM gene, flower buds transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaM gene contain ten times more IAA than control untransformed flower buds, but five times less than DefH9-iaaM flower buds. CONCLUSIONS: By using an auxin biosynthesis transgene downregulated at the post-transcriptional level, an optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy has been achieved in a genetic background not suitable for the original transgene. Thus, the method allows the generation of a wider range of expressivity of the desired trait in transgenic plants.  (+info)

Evidence for an evolutionarily conserved interaction between cell wall biosynthesis and flowering in maize and sorghum. (6/3713)

BACKGROUND: Factors that affect flowering vary among different plant species, and in the grasses in particular the exact mechanism behind this transition is not fully understood. The brown midrib (bm) mutants of maize (Zea mays L.), which have altered cell wall composition, have different flowering dynamics compared to their wild-type counterparts. This is indicative of a link between cell wall biogenesis and flowering. In order to test whether this relationship also exists in other grasses, the flowering dynamics in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) were investigated. Sorghum is evolutionarily closely related to maize, and a set of brown midrib (bmr) mutants similar to the maize bm mutants is available, making sorghum a suitable choice for study in this context. RESULTS: We compared the flowering time (time to half-bloom) of several different bmr sorghum lines and their wild-type counterparts. This revealed that the relationship between cell wall composition and flowering was conserved in sorghum. Specifically, the mutant bmr7 flowered significantly earlier than the corresponding wild-type control, whereas the mutants bmr2, bmr4, bmr6, bmr12, and bmr19 flowered later than their wild-type controls. CONCLUSION: The change in flowering dynamics in several of the brown midrib sorghum lines provides evidence for an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that links cell wall biosynthesis to flowering dynamics. The availability of the sorghum bmr mutants expands the germplasm available to investigate this relationship in further detail.  (+info)

Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Crocus sativus L. stigma and petal extracts in mice. (7/3713)

BACKGROUND: Crocus sativus L. (saffron) is used in folk medicine, for example as an antiedematogenic agent. We aimed to evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of saffron extracts in mice. RESULTS: We used aqueous and ethanolic maceration extracts of Crocus sativus L. stigma and petals. Antinociceptive activity was examined using the hot plate and writhing tests. The effect of extracts against acute inflammation was studied using xylene induced ear edema in mice. The activity of the extracts against chronic inflammation was assessed by formalin-induced edema in the rat paw. In the hot plate tests, intraperitoneal injection of both extracts showed no significant antinociceptive activity in mice. The extracts exhibited antinociceptive activity against acetic acid induced writhing. Naloxone partially blocked only the antinociceptive activity of the stigma aqueous extract. Only the stigma extracts showed weak to moderate effect against acute inflammation. In chronic inflammation, both aqueous and ethanolic stigma extracts, as well as ethanolic petal extract, exerted anti-inflammatory effects. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that aqueous and ethanolic extracts of saffron stigma and petal have an antinociceptive effect, as well as acute and/or chronic anti-inflammatory activity.  (+info)

Inheritance of flower color in periwinkle: orange-red corolla and white eye. (8/3713)

The commonly found flower colors in periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus)--pink, white, red-eyed, and pale pink center--are reported to be governed by the epistatic interaction between four genes--A, R, W, and I. The mode of inheritance of an uncommon flower color, orange-red corolla and white eye, was studied by crossing an accession possessing this corolla color with a white flowered variety (Nirmal). The phenotype of the F(1) plants and segregation data of F(2) and backcross generations suggested the involvement of two more interacting and independently inherited genes, one (proposed symbol E) determining the presence or absence of red eye and another (proposed symbol O) determining orange-red corolla.  (+info)

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Read SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE 2 controls floral organ development and plant fertility by activating ASYMMETRIC LEAVES 2 in Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
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A little extra care can make any size flower arrangement or fresh flower bouquet last longer. Part of the intrinsic value of fresh cut flowers is the fact that their beauty is so fleeting… it does make them all the more precious.. Nonetheless, we usually want those fresh flowers to last as long as possible. Fortunately, we can add several days to the vase life of fresh cut flowers by following the practices used by professional florists to prolong the vitality of their products. A small investment of time will pay off in the extended enjoyment of your beautiful blossoms. Most floral arrangements can be made to last 4-7 days or longer, depending on the flowers used and the care they receive.. Making Floral Arrangements Last Longer. Keep the vase filled (or floral foam soaked) with water containing a flower food provided by your florist. Flower foods make flowers last longer but it is important to follow the mixing directions on the flower food packet.. Fresh cut flowers, such as Red Roses, ...
Introduction: Despite hundreds of training models for microsurgery being available in the literature, very few of them are scientifically validated. We chose to validate our low-fidelity training model on flower petals by comparing it headto-head with a moderate fidelity training model, the anastomosis on chicken leg femoral artery. Materials and methods: A total of 16 participants of different levels of expertise were randomized into 2 groups, 1 training on flower petals and 1 on chicken leg femoral arteries. The groups were evaluated on performing a rat femoral artery anastomosis using the validated Stanford Microsurgical Assessment (SMaRT) Scale. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to check for statistically significant differences between the groups. The flower petal sutures were also evaluated and Pearson correlation was used to check for associations between better petal anastomosis scores and better final SMaRT results. Results: After 6 weeks of flower petal training, microsurgical trainees ...
Flowers add a special beauty and freshness to our life. The great importance in our day to day life can be seen as they add color and freshness to it. There are several uses of flowers in the lives of different professionals. . All kinds of occasions and places can be adorned with flowers and the sweet smell and fragrance can be around you on a daily base.. The flowers delivery in every kind of office and corporate sectors can be done easily. Flower deliveries can be done from all over the world through best florists internationally. Many people do not understand the purpose of adorning offices with flowers. Here are a few reasons due to which offices look good after been adorned with fresh flowers on daily bases and also the importance of flowers in our day to day life:.  Efficiency. The system of providing flowers in their freshest form in the quickest possible way is due to the efficient florists. They have special flower delivery vans that work throughout the city on different routes. The ...
Bach Flower Therapy is now available to all clients and patients. We are certified to treat both humans and pets.. Select on the right for more details on why you should choose Bach Flower Therapy, how it can help, what we need from you, pricing, etc. Bach Flower therapy is an alternative treatment that is safe for use with virtually no side effects.. What is Bach Flower Therapy. Bach flower essences are a type of alternative remedy. They are flower essences developed by Dr.Edward Bach to balance physical and emotional disturbances. Dr. Bach believed the right flower essence can help to bring back a patient back to a positive condition and over many years discovered which flower essences aid to resolve a specific set of emotional stresses. Dr. Bach believed that a being incorporates a body of life energy, similar to chi. Flower essences are energetic imprints of the life force of plants. He believed that these flower essences interact with the bodys energies and thus is able to help people with ...
A flower is a flower is a flower. But in Victorian England, one of the most self-repressed societies in modern times, the practice of using flowers to communicate was developed. Over time a bouquet could visually speak of feelings and thoughts one could not or would not say in person to another particularly one you might be in love with. Of course anyone else familiar with the floral code could also know what the message was, or maybe even alter it…. sounds like a nice plot for a Victorian novel…. Several segments of society developed this language of flowers. The list below is probably incomplete and opinions may vary on this or that particular flower. They are not all edible by any means. If you want to read about edible flowers, click here for edible cultivated flowers, here for edible wild flowers.. And while we may say how quaint of the Victorians to put such meaning into individual species a shadow of that practice is still with us with certain flowers for certain occasions or ...
The species is dioecious. This means that each plant produces either male flowers (meaning that they have functional stamens) or female flowers (flowers with functional carpels), but not both.[9] At any one time, a dioecious plant produces only functionally staminate or functionally carpellate flowers. Staminate (male) Amborella flowers do not have carpels, whereas the carpellate (female) flowers have non-functional staminodes, structures resembling stamens in which no pollen develops. Plants may change from one reproductive morphology to the other. In one study, seven cuttings from a staminate plant produced, as expected, staminate flowers at their first flowering, but three of the seven produced carpellate flowers at their second flowering.[10]. The small, creamy white flowers are arranged in inflorescences borne in the axils of foliage leaves.[11] The inflorescences have been described as cymes, with up to three orders of branching, each branch being terminated by a flower.[11] Each ...
Pollination in flowering plants requires that anthers release pollen when the gynoecium is competent to support fertilization. We show that in Arabidopsis thaliana, two paralogous auxin response transcription factors, ARF6 and ARF8, regulate both stamen and gynoecium maturation. arf6 arf8 double-null mutant flowers arrested as infertile closed buds with short petals, short stamen filaments, undehisced anthers that did not release pollen and immature gynoecia. Numerous developmentally regulated genes failed to be induced. ARF6 and ARF8 thus coordinate the transition from immature to mature fertile flowers. Jasmonic acid (JA) measurements and JA feeding experiments showed that decreased jasmonate production caused the block in pollen release, but not the gynoecium arrest. The double mutant had altered auxin responsive gene expression. However, whole flower auxin levels did not change during flower maturation, suggesting that auxin might regulate flower maturation only under specific envi
Human beings have had an intimate relationship with flowers since time immemorial. Flowers are objects of aesthetic, ornamental, social, religious and cultural value - they have always been used as symbols for conveying important human feelings such as love, affection, happiness, grief, mourning, etc.. List at least five flowers of ornamental value that are commonly cultivated at homes and in gardens. Find out the names of five more flowers that are used in social and cultural celebrations in your family. Have you heard of floriculture - what does it refer to?. To a biologist, flowers are morphological and embryological marvels and the sites of sexual reproduction. In class XI, you have read the various parts of a flower. Figure 2.1 will help you recall the parts of a typical flower. Can you name the two parts in a flower in which the two most important units of sexual reproduction develop?. ...
One or more fresh open or unopened flowers or flower buds are visible on the plant. Include flower buds or inflorescences that are swelling or expanding, but do not include those that are tightly closed and not actively growing (dormant). Also do not include wilted or dried flowers. How many flowers and flower buds are present? For species in which individual flowers are clustered in flower heads, spikes or catkins (inflorescences), simply estimate the number of flower heads, spikes or catkins and not the number of individual flowers.. Less than 3;3 to 10;11 to 100;101 to 1,000;1,001 to 10,000;More than 10,000. More.... Open flowers ...
Floral scent or flower scent is composed of all the volatile organic compounds (VOCs), or aroma compounds, emitted by floral tissue (e.g. flower petals). Floral scent is also referred to as aroma, fragrance, floral odour or perfume. Flower scent of most flowering plant species encompass a diversity of VOCs, sometimes up to several hundred different compounds. The primary functions of floral scent are to deter herbivorous and especially florivorous insects (see Plant defense against herbivory), and to attract pollinators. Floral scent is one of the most important communication channels mediating plant-pollinator interactions, along with visual cues (flower color, shape, etc.). Flower visitors such as insects and bats detect floral scent thanks to chemoreceptors of variable specificity to a specific VOC. The fixation of a VOC on a chemoreceptor triggers the activation of an antennal glomerulus, further projecting on an olfactory receptor neuron and finally triggering a behavioral response after ...
The shape of a flowers petals and leaves are dictated by a biological map hidden inside the flowers growing bud, a new study finds.
Flower Fairies are the product of English illustrator Cicely Mary Barker.[1] Unable to go to school as a child because of her epilepsy, she was home-schooled and spent much of her time drawing and painting. Her artwork was influenced by illustrator Kate Greenaway and even more so by the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, and she developed her talent as a member of the Croydon Art Society. Her flower fairy paintings, in particular, were driven by the Victorian popularity of fairies and fairy stories. Cicely Mary Barker published her first Flower Fairies book in 1923; she received £25 for Flower Fairies of the Spring, a collection of twenty-four paintings and illustrations. The books enjoyed huge popularity due to Queen Marys well-known interest in fairy art. She later published seven more volumes of Flower Fairies. Following the publication of Cicely Mary Barkers original Flower Fairy paintings and verses, two series of fairy stories featuring original Flower Fairies characters, Flower Fairies ...
Flowers are the structures containing the male and female sex organs of angiosperms. Flowers of diverse species display a wide range of different morphologies and pollination strategies. For instance, flowers of wind-pollinated species usually possess small and inconspicuous petals or no petals at all, whereas flowers of insect-pollinated plants usually possess large, brightly colored, and patterned petals that serve as visual signals and a landing site for visiting insects.. Recent experiments suggest that the wide variety of plant and flower morphologies may have depended on the evolution of a relatively small number of genes. First, mutations at single loci, usually isolated by breeders or researchers, are sufficient to cause fundamental alterations in inflorescence architecture (Doebley et al., 1997; Souer et al., 1998). Similarly, the different shapes, colors, and color patterns of naturally occurring Mimulus (monkeyflower) spp are due to alterations at only a few (major) loci (Bradshaw et ...
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Youre sure to find the best option for cheap flower delivery with us, whether youre looking for a beautiful bouquet of roses, holiday centerpieces, or stunning flower baskets-we even offer same-day flowers. We stand by our commitment to providing the best flower deliveries, even on our discount flowers. With FTD, youll enjoy easy online ordering, plan-ahead or same-day shipping, and fresh, on-time delivery. The cherry on top? Your order will be hand-delivered by one of our professional FTD florists. With our cheap flower delivery service, you can save big on flowers, gifts, and treats straight to your loved ones doorstep, without having to compromise on quality ...
Zodiac Flowers~lets c wich flower suits on u according 2 urz Virgo Flowers are the best way to convey your feelings. These simple gestures can have miraculous effect on a person. Since a long time, flower gifts are considered one of the most elegant and unoffending gifts. Flowers can be given on any occasion, to any person. If you wish to offer flowers as a gift to a loved one or friend, choosing flowers that appeal to their zodiac signs is a
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Flower: Flowers are in open branching clusters at the top of the plant. Individual flowers are about 1 inch across with 15 to 30 light blue to purple petals (ray flowers) and yellow center disc flowers...
Staminate flowers. Flowering - May - November. Habitat - Low woods, hammocks, swamps, ditches, roadsides, waste places. Origin - Native to North America. Other information - This common grass species can be found throughout most of Alabama. The plant can be identified by its large leaves and large inflorescences. The racemes of the inflorescence have the pistillate flowers at the base and the staminate flowers above. The pistillate flowers are depressed into the sculptured rachis of the raceme and are quite striking to look at. Gamma Grass is an important prairie grass in the midwestern U.S ...
Much has been written about the use of flowers in literature and Lotus Eaters in James Joyces Ulysses has garnered particular attention. Jacqueline F. Eastman writes about this in an article called The Language of Flowers: A New Source for Lotus Easter. The Lotus Eaters chapter of the book is about the character aptly named Leopold Bloom receiving a letter from Martha Clifford with a yellow flower pressed in it (Eastman, 379). James Joyce refers overtly to the language of flowers withing this chapter of the book and writes, He tore the flower gravely from its pinfold smelt its almost no smell and placed it in his heart pocket. Language of flowers. They like it because no-one can hear. (U5.260-66) (ibid). It is argued that Marthas precocious inclusion of the flower is none other than a sexual advance. This text becomes even more interesting in this context as it shows Joyces use of the language of flowers both diegetically (as an actually part of the plot) and non-diegetically (in ...
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When my daughter was about five we went on a wildflower hike for Mothers Day. The hike was free and I remember the days loveliness even though this was over 10 years ago. Mays flowers are one of lifes great pleasures. Its a visual feast with the worlds locations offering their own special palate.. With this weekend being the last chance to see May flowers as in April showers bring May flowers, head outdoors to look for gorgeous colors and lovely scents-urban areas are included. Go for a long, leisurely walk around a neighborhood known for flower beds-or find a city garden thats in bloom. Here are 10 flower hotspots that Ive enjoyed in my travels. Besides being beautiful, Ive included them here because they are free and flowers are part of their glory. The list is in alphabetical order. Even if you dont find as many flowers as you might have hoped depending upon your timing, none will disappoint.. ...
Read Regulation of cell death in flower petals, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Im sharing these easy flower bouquets today… just in time for Mothers Day.. There are endless ways to make flower cake pops. Im blown away by all the amazing designs you guys have created and it makes my heart happy to see how much fun this website has inspired and how creative everyones cake pop designs have become. You can use candies for petals, flower cookie cutters to shape your dough, molds to make flowering attachments, fondant for flower petal details, you can pipe swirly tops on roses and even use cupcake wrappers as backers to do most of the decorating. Then you can gift them grouped together for a beautiful bouquet. I bet if you did a search for flower cake pops, youd be busy for days at all the different ways you can celebrate cake and flowers combined into one cute little treat.. Well heres another little way that brings cute and cake together. In this design the cake pop is its own bouquet. Give them in a group piped in pastel colors or simply share them individually with a ...
University of Otago Flower colour throughout the world is generally linked to various functional purposes, pollinator attraction in particular. Current knowledge regarding the functional significance of flower colour is, however, mainly based on studies from boreal, temperate, and tropical regions. This knowledge is not readily applicable to polar regions. Similar to lower latitudes, flower colour is often observed in polar regions, as well as flower colour polymorphisms. Pollinator attraction are considered to be the main purpose of flower colour, and the lack of pollinators in polar regions, where many plant species produce coloured flowers, causes the significance of colour to be unclear. Further, flower colour pigments are often quite energy expensive to produce, and in polar regions, nutrients, light and resources are limited. Hence, the question; what is the role of flower colour in reproductive success in polar regions? This thesis addresses this question of What is the role of flower ...
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The cut flower industry and prolonging the post-harvest shelve life of cut flowers. The Royal FloraHolland flower market in Aalsmeer, Netherlands, is the largest flower auction in the world. On average 20 million flowers are sold every day in Aalsmeer. The problem is that millions of flowers need to be distributed all over the world in the shortest time possible, to ensure that the end consumer can still enjoy fresh flowers for at least a week. From Aalsmeer flowers are transported to Schiphol airport in Amsterdam, and from there to Europe, Africa, South America, and the United States. Flowers are transported from Aalsmeer to New York on an 8-hour flight. When flowers arrive in New York, they go to the New York flower market, and from there to retailers. The flower industry strives to get flowers from the grower to the consumer in under 48 hours. However, the moment the flower is cut, it starts to deteriorate. Let the students do desktop research on the role of ethylene in the ageing ...
What is it about photographing flowers that is so satisfying to me? I will never get tired of photographing flowers - or of looking at flowers and enjoying their colors and smells.. From a technique perspective, it works well indoors to put the flowers on a mirror and shine a slightly warm light through the flowers (from behind and to the right of the arrangement in this picture). I had my camera mounted on the tripod (of course), and I used a cross piece on top of the tripod so I could easily move the camera perpendicular (straight down) on the composition.. Ive had a strenuous day - up early with the kids, a time consuming and peculiar consulting project, and an interaction with the editor of my current book project that was upsetting - so its nice to be able to be comforted with something as simple as photographing flwrs on the mirrr (and to get a smile by eviscerating vowels, er, vwls, just like flickr!).. ...
Hmm - thats a good question. Flowers using bees, hummingbirds, bats, etc. for pollination are designed by evolution to attract these pollinators, and these are the flowers we see as beautiful. Plants that pollinate by the wind (e.g. most trees) do not have beautiful flowers. The smell, the nectar, the bulls-eye arrangement are all designed for pollinators. Bees being small tend to have eyes that are more receptive to small wavelengths (ultraviolet) and flowers have even more elaborate ultraviolet designs on them that cannot be seen by humans without special equipment. But why are they attractive to humans? Humans have no need of the nectar, but they find the sight and smell of flowers attractive. Human smell is designed by evolution. Any smell associated with bacterial danger causes a negative reaction in humans (dont eat meat that smells, dont eat poop, etc.). Flowers are designed to give the opposite smell to pollinators, and it works on humans too because our sense of smell is designed by ...
These include the Soft Sayings Card Kit on page 11 (I am holding a class with this kit on August 16!), the trellis-like stamp in Hello Friend (page 17), the orchid components in Climbing Orchid (page 21), the large stamp in Flourishing Phrases on page 24, the line drawing stamps in Flirty Flowers, page 25, three of the flowers in Flower Shop (page 28), the lovely roses and leaves from Graceful Garden on page 57, as well as the flowers from Birthday Blooms (page 70), the flowers and leaves in Birthday Blossoms on page 80, even the tree stumps of Always & Forever, page 89, the GORjus flower from Youve Got This on page 101, the Vintage Leaves on page 125 would be lovely, as would the images from Basket of Wishes on the same page, the flora shapes from Remarkable You (page 142), the leaves and flowers from Rose Wonder on page 162, as well as the pretty roses in Floral Statements on the next page. You could even have a lot of fun with the logs in Tree Rings, found on page 164! ...
To ensure reproductive success, flowering time is sophisticatedly regulated by developmental processes that integrate various external and internal factors in plant. Recent studies showed that post-transcriptional control also plays important roles in flowering time regulation (Bezerra et al., 2004; Doyle et al., 2005; Kuhn et al., 2007; Liu et al., 2007b). In our study, AtBRNs regulate the flowering time through the post-transcriptional control of SOC1 activity. The atbrn1/atbrn2-3 double mutant flowered early under LD and SD conditions, and under SD conditions after vernalization treatment (Fig. 2a), and the early-flowering phenotype was associated with increased expression of AP1, LFY, and FT. Although these integrators have overlapping functions, SOC1 definitely regulates LFY expression (Lee & Lee, 2010). Consistently, the LFY transcript showed the highest rate of increase in these integrators. SOC1 RNA, which is not regulated by AtBRNs, could activate LFY expression in atbrn1/atbrn2-3. ...
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The name Bach Flower Remedies is a generic term used by writers and therapists across the world to refer to the particular plant discoveries of Dr. Bach. Dr. Bach himself did not give his work a brand name. However, Bachs name was trademarked in 1979 by the company, Bach Flower Remedies, Ltd. to designate their particular brand of the flower remedies. (BFR, Ltd., is now owned by Nelson & Co. Limited.) A 2008 decision by the European Trade Marks Registry in the matter of registered trade marks owned by Nelsons (Bach Flower Remedies Ltd) ruled that Bach refers to Dr. Bach and Bach Flower Remedies refers to the flower remedies which Dr. Bach discovered and not exclusively to the branded products of one manufacturer. Read the legal document here. Legal history of the UK Bach Flower Trademark The appropriation of Dr. Bachs name as a commercial trademark was successfully challenged in court by Julian Barnard. The judgment was upheld on appeal, and again by the British House of Lords in a final ...
Bachs Rescue Remedies are known for their ability to produce a powerful calming effect on stressed and injured animals. Similar in preparation to homeopathic remedies, Bach flower remedies use diluted extracts of a variety of flowers and plants that have been potentized . This is a process of dilution and vigorous shaking that increases the potency of the essence from which the remedy is derived.. Dr. Edward Bach (1890-1936), a prominent English physician, developed the Bach Flower Remedies while he was working as a homeopathic practitioner. Dr. Bach used to sit and meditate in the woods while holding different types of flowers. He alleged to have felt very specific negative emotions when holding certain types of flowers. One flower would be associated with one particular negative emotion. He felt that the flower which caused him to feel the negative emotion could be used to treat a patient feeling that same emotion (a theory based on homeopathic principles). He went on to mix tincture ...
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Although the floral structure described above is considered the typical structural plan, plant species show a wide variety of modifications from this plan. These modifications have significance in the evolution of flowering plants and are used extensively by botanists to establish relationships among plant species. For example, the two subclasses of flowering plants may be distinguished by the number of floral organs in each whorl: dicotyledons typically having 4 or 5 organs (or a multiple of 4 or 5) in each whorl and monocotyledons having three or some multiple of three. The number of carpels in a compound pistil may be only two, or otherwise not related to the above generalization for monocots and dicots.. In the majority of species individual flowers have both pistils and stamens as described above. These flowers are described by botanists as being perfect, bisexual, or hermaphrodite. However, in some species of plants the flowers are imperfect or unisexual: having only either male ...
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To identify mango flower visitors and understand how the network of interactions in which they participate changes throughout the mango flowering season, flower visitor surveys were carried out monthly from July to September 2008, on each of the 12 farms, totalling 36 surveys. As anthesis is diurnal (Siqueira et al. 2008), surveys were performed during warm dry days (20-39 °C) with moderate wind speed (0-4 km h−1), between 8·00 and 16·00 h. On each farm, flower visitor data were recorded while walking one transect (60 × 2 × 2 m) placed within a randomly selected plot. Whenever open flowers were encountered, the observer would stop for 5-s and register all flower visitors, which were collected whenever possible for taxonomic identification. Mango is a hyperabundant flowering species, so the total number of flowers in the transect was estimated by counting the number of open flowers of three randomly selected inflorescences, the average being multiplied by the total number of inflorescences ...
Description from Flora of China. Trees. Young branches, young leaves, and inflorescences with rust-colored stellate scales or simple hairs. Leaf blade leathery, with palmate veins, margin entire. Plants polygamous or dioecious; staminate flowers in axillary interrupted spikes, or in panicles; pistillate flowers in short, axillary racemes. Sepals 5, free or united at base, imbricate. Petals 5, connate at base into a very short tube, apex free, valvate, in pistillate flowers early deciduous or absent. Stamens 5, inserted at corolla base, alternate with corolla lobes; filaments shorter than anthers; anthers retrorse. Ovary (in staminate flowers reduced or absent) globose to terete; stigma broadly discoid. Drupe terete; exocarp blue-black, thin; endocarp woody, with reticulate ribs.. About five species: tropical Asia; two species (one endemic) in China ...
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla ...
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Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla ...
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The plant specific transcription factor LEAFY (LFY) plays a pivotal role in the developmental switch to floral meristem identity in Arabidopsis. Our recent study revealed that LFY additionally acts downstream of AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR5/MONOPTEROS to promote flower primordium initiation. LFY also promotes initiation of the floral organ and floral organ identity. To further investigate the interplay between LFY and auxin during flower development, we examined the phenotypic consequence of disrupting polar auxin transport in lfy mutants by genetic means. Plants with compromised LFY activity exhibit increased sensitivity to disruption of polar auxin transport. Compromised polar auxin transport activity in the lfy mutant background resulted in formation of fewer floral organs, abnormal gynoecium development, and fused sepals. In agreement with these observations, expression of the auxin response reporter DR5rev::GFP as well as of the direct LFY target CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON2 were altered in lfy mutant flowers.
Phalaenopsis orchid is an important potted flower with high economic value around the world. We report the 3.1 Gb draft genome assembly of an important winter flowering Phalaenopsis KHM190 cultivar. We generated 89.5 Gb RNA-seq and 113 million sRNA-seq reads to use these data to identify 41,153 protein-coding genes and 188 miRNA families. We also generated a draft genome for Phalaenopsis pulcherrima B8802, a summer flowering species, via resequencing. Comparison of genome data between the two Phalaenopsis cultivars allowed the identification of 691,532 single-nucleotide polymorphisms. In this study, we reveal the key role of PhAGL6b in the regulation of flower organ development involves alternative splicing. We also show gibberellin pathways that regulate the expression of genes control flowering time during the stage in reproductive phase change induced by cool temperature. Our work should contribute a valuable resource for the flowering control, flower architecture development, and breeding of the
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) is popular worldwide for consumption as a leafy vegetable. Premature flowering is triggered by low temperature, and deteriorates quality of cabbage as vegetable. In general, growers prefer late-flowering varieties to assure good quality compact head. Here, we report BoFLC1.C9 as a gene with clear sequence variation between cabbage lines with different flowering times, and proposed as molecular marker to characterize early- and late-flowering cabbage lines. We identified sequence variation of 67 bp insertions in intron 2, which were contributed in flowering time variation between two inbred lines through rapid down-regulation of the BoFLC1.C9 gene in early-flowering line compared to late-flowering one upon vernalization. One set of primer F7R7 proposed as marker, of which was explained with 83 and 80% of flowering time variation in 141 F2 individuals and 20 commercial lines, respectively. This F7R7 marker could be used as genetic tools to characterize flowering
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) is popular worldwide for consumption as a leafy vegetable. Premature flowering is triggered by low temperature, and deteriorates quality of cabbage as vegetable. In general, growers prefer late-flowering varieties to assure good quality compact head. Here, we report BoFLC1.C9 as a gene with clear sequence variation between cabbage lines with different flowering times, and proposed as molecular marker to characterize early- and late-flowering cabbage lines. We identified sequence variation of 67 bp insertions in intron 2, which were contributed in flowering time variation between two inbred lines through rapid down-regulation of the BoFLC1.C9 gene in early-flowering line compared to late-flowering one upon vernalization. One set of primer F7R7 proposed as marker, of which was explained with 83 and 80% of flowering time variation in 141 F2 individuals and 20 commercial lines, respectively. This F7R7 marker could be used as genetic tools to characterize flowering
Plants adapted to cold winters go through annual cycles of gain followed by loss of freezing tolerance (cold acclimation and deacclimation). Warm spells during winter and early spring can cause deacclimation, and if temperatures drop, freezing damage may occur. Many plants are vernalized during winter, a process making them competent to flower in the following summer. In winter cereals, a coincidence in the timing of vernalization saturation, deacclimation, downregulation of cold-induced genes, and reduced ability to reacclimate, occurs under long photoperiods and is under control of the main regulator of vernalization requirement in cereals, VRN1, and/or closely linked gene(s). Thus, the probability of freezing damage after a warm spell may depend on both vernalization saturation and photoperiod. We investigated the role of vernalization and the VRN1-region on freezing tolerance of meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.), a perennial grass species. Two F2 populations, divergently selected for high and
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Author(s): Kim, YunJu | Advisor(s): Chen, Xuemei | Abstract: Forward genetics is a powerful tool to identify genes involved in particular biological processes. In my thesis work, I participated in forward genetic screens to identify genes involved in two biological processes in plants, stem cell maintenance in the floral meristem and small RNA biogenesis/function. First, I characterized a Polycomb (PcG) gene, CURLY LEAF (CLF) as a factor required for floral meristem termination. A mutation in CLF enhances the floral determinacy defects of ag-10, a weak allele in AGAMOUS (AG), a gene essential for floral stem cell termination. CLF acts in the AG pathway to repress the stem cell identity gene, WUSCHEL (WUS) to result in floral stem cell termination. In addition, I show that this role of CLF reflects the role of the PcG complex in the control of floral meristem determinacy. Taken together, I provide a link between epigenetic regulation and stem cell maintenance in the floral meristem. Second, I identified
A pseudanthium (Greek for false flower) or flower head is a special type of inflorescence.[1] Many flowers are grouped together to form a flower-like structure. The real flowers (florets) are generally small and greatly reduced,[2] but can sometimes be quite large (as in the sunflower flower head).. Pseudanthia are characteristic of the daisy and sunflower family (Asteraceae or Compositae). Their flowers are either ray flowers or disk flowers. The disk flowers in the center of the pseudanthium look like the centre of a normal flower. Flowers on the periphery have one large petal. This sytem is unique to this family. Either ray or disk flowers may be absent in some species: Senecio vulgaris lacks ray flowers[3] and Taraxacum officinale lacks disk flowers.[3][4] The pseudanthium has a whorl of bracts below the flowers.. At a glance, a pseudanthium (inflorescence) looks just like a normal flower, but closer inspection shows it is composed of multiple flowers. Thus, the pseudanthium represents ...
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Arabidopsis plants undergo a transition from vegetative growth, in which the shoot apical meristem produces leaves and axillary buds, to reproductive growth, when the meristem begins to form flowers. The meristem identity genes LEAFY (LFY) and APETALA1 (AP1) are both necessary and sufficient for this transition to reproductive growth and the concomitant formation of flowers. Loss of LFY function leads to leaves and shoots in place of flowers, while constitutive expression of LFY results in precocious floral development (Weigel et al., 1992; Weigel and Nilsson, 1995). Similarly, constitutive AP1 expression also results in premature flowering, and loss of AP1 function results in a partial transformation of flowers to more inflorescence-like structures (Bowman et al., 1993; Irish and Sussex, 1990; Mandel and Yanofsky, 1995).. In turn, the development of floral structures depends on the action of three classes of floral homeotic genes, A, B and C. These ABC floral homeotic genes function in ...
Since numerous flowers are borne on a single stem you have a choice. Either pick off individual spent flowers, or wait until they are all spent and clip off the entire stem. Im a hopeful gardener so I simply pick off the individual flowers just as the petals begin looking worn but before they fall off. If you dont pinch the faded flower off then, a seed pod will form which looks very similar to an unopened flower bud. The purpose of deadheading is to remove spent flowers before the plant spends energy developing seeds (the hard green pod you describe). Therein my hope lies: the plant will redirect its energy into producing more flowers rather than developing seeds ...
One or more fresh open or unopened flowers or flower buds are visible on the plant. Include flower buds or inflorescences that are swelling or expanding, but do not include those that are tightly closed and not actively growing (dormant). Also do not include wilted or dried flowers. How many flowers and flower buds are present? For species in which individual flowers are clustered in flower heads, spikes or catkins (inflorescences), simply estimate the number of flower heads, spikes or catkins and not the number of individual flowers.. Less than 3;3 to 10;11 to 100;101 to 1,000;1,001 to 10,000;More than 10,000. More.... Open flowers ...
Early flowering bulbs like snowdrops that are in flower here at the Chicago Botanic Garden are very tolerant of the cold. Daffodil and tulip foliage is coming up; these might end up being damaged by a spell of cold weather, but this should not affect the spring flowers. You do not need to take any special maintenance steps to protect these plants.. If you have some perennials that are growing in a warm area of the garden with more pronounced growth, they might benefit from a light layer of mulch. For the most part, though, there is nothing special for most gardeners to do in their perennial beds.. This is great weather to prune but proceed with care. Spring flowering shrubs like viburnums, lilacs, and forsythia set their flower buds last year so pruning done at this time of year will remove flower buds and reduce the number of spring flowers. You can still prune-just be aware of the flower buds as you are pruning. Forsythia flowers along the stems while viburnums will have a flower bud at the ...
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The molecular basis for flowering was studied using an annual Long-day plant (LDP) A. thaliana[22, 63, 64], an annual Short-day plant (SDP) Oryza sativa[65, 66], a perennial poplar tree [17, 20] and a perennial hickory. The comparison of the flowering network across these four species may provide a better understanding of the regulatory pathways and molecular mechanisms regulating flowering.. Many major genes regulating flowering detected can be identical among all the four species by the common or homologs of the flowering genes (Additional file 10: Table S6). Several signal transduction, signal integration and floral organ development genes in this case have also been reported from the other three species [17, 20, 63-66]. In signal transduction stage, there are 48 hypothetical flowering or floral genes detected in hickory, including 12 SampleA specific genes, 19 SampleB specific genes and 21 common genes for SampleA and SampleB. While in signal integration stage and floral organ development ...
In a study that shows the importance of climate change on critical pollinators, North Carolina State University researchers found that earlier and longer flowering seasons can have poor effects on the bumble bees that rely on these flowers to live and thrive.. We wanted to understand how climate change is affecting bee populations - specifically three species of bumble bees that live at higher altitudes and are important pollinators, said Rebecca Irwin, an NC State professor of applied ecology and co-principal investigator on the study, which is published in the journal Ecology Letters. We asked whether variation in snowmelt timing and summer precipitation directly affected bumble bee colonies and their survival, or if the snowmelt and precipitation effects on flowers were more important. It turns out that the effects on flowers played a more critical role in affecting bee populations.. Irwin and colleagues examined bee, flower and climate data collected at the Rocky Mountain Biological ...
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By Mara Kack Palmers Penstemon (Penstemon palmeri) is delightful. The white to pink flowers are in clusters on tall, upright flower stalks. The individual flowers are large-mouthed with two upper lobes and three magenta-lined lower lobes that curve downward. Flower spikes can be 4-5 feet in height and bear many flowers. Have you noticed tall spikes of white to pink flowers in April or May along roadsides? Most likely, you saw Palmers Penstemon. If you sniff a flower, youll be rewarded with an exquisite rose-like fragrance. This explains another common name, scented penstemon. Flowers of Palmers Penstemon attract hummingbirds, bumblebees, carpenter bees, and digger bees. Flower visitors like hummingbirds who collect nectar are usually better for a flowers health, because no pollen is consumed. Hummingbirds forage for nectar and inadvertently transfer pollen from one flower to another on their foreheads. Some floral visitors, like bumblebees, actively collect pollen to feed to their ...
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The syconium often has a bulbous shape with a small opening (the ostiole) at the outward end used by pollinators. The flowers are pollinated by very small wasps which crawl through the opening in search of a suitable place to lay eggs. Without this, fig trees cannot reproduce by seed. In turn, the flowers provide a safe haven and nourishment for the next generation of wasps. This has led to a co-evolutionary relationship. Fig plants can be monoecious (hermaphrodite) or gynodioecious (hermaphrodite and female).[3] Nearly half of fig species are gynodioecious, and have plants with inflorescences (syconium) with long styled pistillate flowers, or have plants with staminate flowers mixed with short styled pistillate flowers.[4] The long flower styles tend to prevent wasps from laying their eggs within the ovules, while the short styled flowers are accessible for egg laying.[5] The common fig (Ficus carica) is a gynodioecious plant, which means its fruits are either hermaphrodite and inedible figs ...
An old story tells how daisy acquired its charming appearance. Rose, the queen of the flowers, had a birthday party and all the flowers were invited. One little flower was left out, however - it was shy of its modest appearance and was happy to whisper its congratulations from afar. But the wind carried the flowers words to the queen, who assured her that there was no need to be ashamed: its dress was spotlessly white and it had a heart of gold. This made the little flower blush, and ever since then the tips of its ray-florets have been pink. Daisys natural form has been bred into many red-flowered varieties, and even violet hues exist. On the other hand, the ray-florets can be entirely white without a trace of red. Pure white daisys capitulum is quite reminiscent of oxeye daisys (Leucanthemum vulgare) inflorescence. In some cultivated species most or all of the flowers are like the ray-florets and the yellow disc is lacking. Sometimes a form can even be found where small capitula develop in ...
Floral transition is one of the most drastic changes occurring during Arabidopsis life cycle. Genetic analysis of flowering time mutants has led to a model describing four integrated flowering time pathways. Vernalization and photoperiod pathways mediate the response to environmental cues, while autonomous and gibberellin (GA) pathways mediate the internal signals. SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) is a MADS-box transcription factor acting as a floral repressor in flowering. In this study, we localized SVP in autonomous and GA pathways, and identified SOC1 and FT as its direct target genes in the control of flowering time. Notably, SVP protein associates with the promoter regions of SOC1 and FT where another potent repressor, FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), binds. We further show that the SVP protein consistently interacts with FLC in whole seedlings during vegetative growth, and their function in regulating flowering is mutually dependent. Our results demonstrate that SVP is a central flowering repressor, ...
Tulips flower cats. All parts of the tulip tulipa gesneriana are toxic to cats. The bulbs are the most toxic part but any part of the plant can be harmful to your cat so all tulips should be kept well away. But it s important to note that the tulipa genus of flowers is toxic to cats dogs and horses and can be fatal if ingested. My cat ate a small amount of tulip flower about 16 hours again. Behind the rose the tulip is the country s most popular cut flower. Tulips produce warm brightly colored flowers the same that cats may find attractive and worth checking out. Wismer suggests that you keep these plants and flowers out of reach of curious cats even though they are considered safe because there are other dangers to watch out for. If you know exactly what a tulip looks like you ll be able to better protect your cat against one definitely a good thing. The stems the leaves the flowers and even the pollen are toxic but the bulb is particularly poisonous the causes of this toxicity are two ...
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In the early part of the 20th century, a British physician named Edward Bach developed a system of healing based on flowers. Each of these Bach flower remedies was created by dipping a particular type of flower in water and then preserving the fragrant liquid with brandy. According to Dr. Bach, the appropriately chosen flower could be used to treat emotional problems, such as shyness, anxiety, and grief. Bach flower remedies are sometimes compared to homeopathy , but they differ because they do not use extreme dilutions. Numerous additional remedies were added to the original repertory proposed by Bach, and this form of treatment is widely used today. However, there is no scientific evidence that any Bach flower remedy produces a medicinal effect, and there is some evidence that the method does not work.. In 2001, a double-blind, placebo-controlled study tested whether a particular combination of Bach flower remedies could relieve the anxiety that students experience while taking exams ...
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Corn (Zea mays) is an annual grass originating in Central America. It is monoecious, meaning it carries two types of unisexual inflorescence (flowers). Male inflorescence, at the top of the plant is called the panicule. These flowers produce pollen. The female flowers that give the corn cob is found in the pit of the leaves at the medial part of the plant. Their silk (flower styles) receive the pollen during pollination. This animation represents two controlled pollination techniques in corn. Self-pollination consisting of forcing the pollination of the female flowers by the pollen of the male flowers on the same plant. This technique is used in order to obtain a pure lineage of corn (homozygous for the agriculturally interesting characteristics). Cross-pollination consists of the pollination of female flowers of one corn plant by the male flowers of another plant of a different variety. This technique is used in order to obtain hybrid plants (heterozygous).
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Crocus sativus Saffron Bulbs Crocus sativus Saffron Flower Seeds Saffron Crocus Bulbs Saffron Bulb or Saffron Crocus! It begins blooming in September and continues through October! The purple flowers have deep purple veining! It's orange-red stigmas are the source of saffron, the worlds most expensive spice! Plant in full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil. In cooler regions the Saffron Crocus can be grown in containers. You can harvest the saffron when the flowers are blooming.
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In Arabidopsis and other species, light and photoperiod signals are integrated at the level of FT expression. Late-flowering photoperiod pathway mutants in Arabidopsis such as gi, fkf1, and cry2 have reduced FT expression under LD conditions, whereas early-flowering mutants have increased FT expression. In pea, LATE1 is clearly necessary for induction of the FT homolog FTL (Fig. 5B), demonstrating that both the GI-FT regulatory interaction and the association between photoperiod-insensitive late flowering and low expression of FT homologs are conserved in pea. Our preliminary studies of other photoperiod response mutants, such as phyA and SD-grown wild-type plants, suggest that they also show altered FTL expression (V. Hecht and C. Knowles, unpublished data), in support of a role for FTL as a target of the photoperiod pathway.. In Arabidopsis and rice, effects of GI on FT expression are mediated at least in part through changes in the expression of CO genes (Suárez-López et al., 2001; Hayama ...
If the pollen from the male flower settles on the female flower at the point that they are receptive, fertilisation is likely to occur and the female flower will go on to develop into nuts. The time of pollen shedding from the male flower does not always overlap well with the time of female flower receptivity to pollen. This condition is referred to as dichogamy. To overcome this problem growers can select another walnut cultivar (a pollinator) the male flowers of which open at the same time as the female flowers from the main cultivar. The pollinator should be situated upwind from the main crop. If you have other walnuts upwind from your site you should not have problems with this ...
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The flowers are bisexual, star symmetrical (zygomorphic in Iberis and Teesdalia) and the ovary positioned above the other ... and few species have flowers that sit individually on flower stems that spring from the axils of rosette leaves. The ... "Neotropikey-Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics. Retrieved 2017-07-12.. ... Each flower has four free or seldomly merged sepals, the lateral two sometimes with a shallow spur, which are mostly shed after ...
Leaves and flowers[edit]. The small, glossy, lance-shaped leaves are a shiny green when mature, but pink/red when young. They ... Flowers form in November or December. They are in small panicles at the ends of branchlets, half the length of the leaves or ...
Flower buds[edit]. Flower buds of Eucalyptus and related genera open with circumscissile dehiscence. A small cap separates from ... flowering plants, ferns, fungi, slime molds). Poricidal anthers of various flowers are associated with buzz pollination by ... A similar process to dehiscence occurs in some flower buds (e.g., Platycodon, Fuchsia), but this is rarely referred to as ... If the pollen is released from the anther through a split on the outer side (relative to the center of the flower), this is ...
The pavilion of flowers (huating). Located near the residence, this building has a rear courtyard filled with flowers, plants, ... The edges are planted with flowers in rock gardens, which seem to have been created by nature. Each season has its own flowers ... the symbol of opulence and a flower with a delicate fragance, was the most celebrated flower in the garden. The poet Zhou Dunyi ... Of the flowers in the Chinese garden, the most appreciated were the orchid, peony, and lotus (Nelumbo nucifera). During the ...
Flowering plants[edit]. Main articles: Calyx and Corolla. In flowering plants, the perianth may be described as being either ... An additional structure in some plants (e.g. Narcissus, Passiflora (passion flower), some Hippeastrum, Liliaceae) is the corona ... The perianth (perigonium, perigon or perigone) is the non-reproductive part of the flower, and structure that forms an envelope ... Flower of Passiflora incarnata showing corona of fine appendages between petals and stamens ...
Plants and flowers[edit]. Pink is one of the most common colors of flowers; it serves to attract the insects and birds ... The color pink is named after the flowers, pinks,[6] flowering plants in the genus Dianthus, and derives from the frilled edge ... Pink is a pale shade of red that is named after a flower of the same name.[2][3] It was first used as a color name in the late ... In the painting Madonna of the Pinks by Raphael, the Christ Child gives a pink flower to the Virgin Mary, symbolizing the union ...
Flowers[edit]. The flowers (and later the fruit) hang down from branches on long flexible stems (2-6 m [6 ft 7 in-19 ft 8 in] ... Some birds are attracted to the flowers and the strong stems of each flower make ideal footholds. Their scent is most notable ... Individual flowers do not hang down but are oriented horizontally. Fruit[edit]. The fruit is a woody berry from 30 to 99 cm (12 ... Kigelia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae. The genus consists of only one species, Kigelia africana, ...
Flower and fruit[edit]. The flowers are monoecious, opening with or before the leaves and borne once fully grown these leaves ... These scales bear two or three fertile flowers, each flower consisting of a naked ovary. The ovary is compressed, two-celled, ... Each scale bears two bractlets and three sterile flowers, each flower consisting of a sessile, membranaceous, usually two-lobed ... The Czech word for the month of March, Březen, is derived from the Czech word bříza meaning birch, as birch trees flower in ...
Flowers[edit]. In terminal, many flowered inflorescences, the tube 5-6 cm (2.0-2.4 in) long, 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter, ... white-pinkish flowers. All parts of the plant are are sticky, being covered with short viscid-glandular hairs which exude a ...
Flowering[edit]. Auxin plays also a minor role in the initiation of flowering and development of reproductive organs. In low ... A number of plant mutants have been described that affect flowering and have deficiencies in either auxin synthesis or ... such as leaves or flowers). It is achieved through very complex and well-coordinated active transport of auxin molecules from ... the high concentration can induce femaleness of flowers in some species.[citation needed] ...
Chelsea Flower Show[edit]. In 2008, the Kirstenbosch exhibit at the Chelsea Flower Show won a gold medal for the most creative ... Watkins, Karen (22 May 2008). "SA scores double at Chelsea Flower Show". Southern Suburbs Tatler.. ... Kirstenbosch has won 29 gold medals at the Chelsea Flower Show in 33 appearances. ... "Amateur gardeners steal Chelsea Flower Show". The Times. Retrieved 22 May 2008 ...
Variation in flower color[edit]. A white variety (known colloquially as 'Alba') and a yellow variety also exist. ... The flowers' mainly orange to orange-red colour and tubular shape are indicative of its co-evolution with African sunbirds, ... They rise above the foliage mass during the summer season, with flowering continuing into winter in warmer climates.[2][7] ... The dried leaves and flowers have a mild calming effect when smoked. In some users, the effects have been noted to be similar ...
Flowers[edit]. Mono-flowering plants, forming from 1 to 11 inflorescences, the type of flask. Inflorescences are always formed ... The flowers of the twins are protogous. In the process of flowering plants use the mechanism of thermogenesis. Plants bloom for ... Each female flower consists of two (rarely three) fused carpel. Staphylococci are usually the size of fertile male flowers, but ... Syngonium /sɪŋˈɡoʊniəm/[3] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to tropical rain forests in southern ...
Flowers[edit]. Orange is traditionally associated with the autumn season, with the harvest and autumn leaves. The flowers, like ... Saffron, made from the hand-picked stigmas of the Crocus sativus flower, is used both as a dye and a spice. ... Heliconia psittacorum, or parrot's flower, is a perennial herb native to the Caribbean and northern South America. ... flowers and fruits. The robes should also be boiled in water a long time to get the correctly sober colour. Saffron and ochre, ...
Flower and tree names[edit]. In contrast to vegetable epithets, flower and tree names are generally positive. "English rose" ... English flower names are less common for boys, but include Hawthorn; in the form of May, the same flower is used as a girl's ... Flower and tree names are used in many countries for girls; examples in English include Bryony, Daisy, Iris, Hazel, Heather, ... "Flower Names for Girls and Boys". Archived from the original on 10 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.. ...
The Flowering Orchards (also the Orchards in Blossom) are among the first groups of work completed after Van Gogh's arrival in ... Because the flowers wilt quickly and it's a matter of doing the whole thing in one go."[243] ... The first was painted in Paris in 1887 and shows flowers lying on the ground. The second set was completed a year later in ... Van Gogh painted several landscapes with flowers, including roses, lilacs, irises, and sunflowers. Some reflect his interests ...
... between rows of flowers. The female flowers (which can develop into fruit) appear in rows further up the stem (closer to the ... Flower. Banana hearts are used as a vegetable[110] in South Asian and Southeast Asian cuisine, either raw or steamed with dips ... "Banana Flowers". About.com. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014.. See also the link on that page ... A banana is an edible fruit - botanically a berry[1][2] - produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the ...
Flowering plants[edit]. Main article: Double fertilisation. After being fertilised, the ovary starts to swell and develop into ... In flowering plants there are two sperm from each pollen grain.. In seed plants, after pollination, a pollen grain germinates, ... In flowering plants a second fertilisation event involves another sperm cell and the central cell which is a second female ... One primitive species of flowering plant, Nuphar polysepala, has endosperm that is diploid, resulting from the fusion of a ...
The flowers hang like clusters of grapes. Flower chemistry[edit]. The characteristic flower coloration has been shown to be an ... The claw-shaped flowers are carried in pendent trusses or pseudoracemes of 75 or more flowers and can reach as much as 3 m long ... a b Greenish blue flower colour of Strongylodon macrobotrys. Kosaku Takeda, Aki Fujii, Yohko Senda and Tsukasa Iwashina, ... The flowers are also visited by a species of wasp,[citation needed] and are home to a species of butterfly.[citation needed] ...
Each flower has five stamens, exserted for 3-8 mm, with stalks longer than the anthers.[6] The pistil is 8-11.5 mm long. The ... The flowers grow in groups of one to three in the leaf axils, with pedicels 6-15 mm long. The calyx, eventually ruptured by the ... From the flowers, diosgenin, β-sitosterol, and lanosterol have been isolated.[16] ... In the Northern Hemisphere, flowering occurs from June through September and berry maturation from August to October, depending ...
Flower[edit]. The flowers are 1.5 to 2 cm, pale green or yellowish, sweetly scented, bisexual, in short drooping unbranched ...
Flower lotus[edit]. Flower lotus cultivars are used exclusively for ornamental purpose, produce a large number of flowers and ... Seed production of flower lotus is poor regarding yield and quality. Flower types differ in the number of petals (single petals ... Three months after planting, the first leaves and flowers can be harvested. Flowers can be picked every two days during summer ... Four months after planting, the production of flowers has its climax. The harvest of flowers is usually done by hand during ...
... though those of the female flowers with no viable pollen.[1] The flowers also lack nectar. Male and female flowers appear on ... Male flowers are gathered and processed to extract their pollen. This is then sprayed back on to the female flowers. ... The flowers are fragrant, dioecious or unisexual, borne singly or in threes in the leaf axils, are five- to six-petalled, white ...
J.C. Flowers[edit]. As of 2010[update] Corzine served as a partner at J.C. Flowers & Co., the private equity firm founded by a ... Flowers owned a 10 percent stake in MF Global[17] and is also a former Goldman Sachs partner. ...
"bach-flowers.co.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2015.. *^ Walach H, Rilling C, Engelke U (2001). "Efficacy of Bach-flower remedies in ... Bach flower remedies (BFRs) are solutions of brandy and water-the water containing extreme dilutions of flower material ... He imagined that early-morning sunlight passing through dew-drops on flower petals transferred the healing power of the flower ... "Flower remedies". Cancer Research UK. Retrieved 2 September 2013.. *^ Candee, Andrea (2003). Gentle Healing for Baby and Child ...
Flowering plants[edit]. Sexual reproduction in flowering plants involves the union of the male and female germ cells, sperm and ... The flowers of flowering plants produce pollen and egg cells, but the sex organs themselves are inside the gametophytes within ... In most flowering plants the female gametophyte within the ovule consists of only seven cells. Thus there are no sex organs as ... The seed plants, which include conifers and flowering plants have small gametophytes that develop inside the pollen grains ( ...
Some flowers are self-pollinated and use flowers that never open or are self-pollinated before the flowers open, these flowers ... Other flower spices are cloves and capers. Hops flowers are used to flavor beer. Marigold flowers are fed to chickens to give ... A single daisy or sunflower, for example, is not a flower but a flower head-an inflorescence composed of numerous flowers (or ... A poster with flowers or clusters of flowers produced by twelve species of flowering plants from different families. ...
With the exception of Salix martiana,[5] willows are dioecious, with male and female flowers appearing as catkins on separate ... David V. Alford (2012). Pests of Ornamental Trees, Shrubs and Flowers. p. 78. ISBN 9781840761627. .. ... Laird, Mark (1999). The Flowering of the Landscape Garden: English Pleasure Grounds, 1720-1800. University of Pennsylvania ... The anthers are rose-colored in the bud, but orange or purple after the flower opens; they are two-celled and the cells open ...
From nectar and flowers[edit]. *A "palatable" brown sugar can be made by boiling down the dew from flowers of the common ... Palm sugar is made by tapping the flower stalk of various palms to collect the sap. The most important species for this is the ...
In geitonogamy, pollen is transferred from the anther of one flower to the stigma of another flower on the same flowering plant ... Self-pollination is when pollen from the same plant arrives at the stigma of a flower (in flowering plants) or at the ovule (in ... Eighty percent of all flowering plants are hermaphroditic, meaning they contain both sexes in the same flower, while 5 percent ... Types of flowers that self pollinate[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding ...
Eleven phenolic compounds were identified from the methanolic extract of Cloves flowers buds (Syzygium aromaticum L.) by ... Clove flowers buds (Syzygium aromaticum L.) 500 gm were provided from Lotus Company (Sekem Group, Egypt) in June 2010. The ... Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum L.) are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae. The genus comprises about ... Anti-Tumor, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial and the Phenolic Constituents of Clove Flower Buds (Syzygium aromaticum) Abd El Azim ...
3. ROLAND FLOWERS. Born: 1788. Place: Campbell Co. VA. 3. ARTHUR FLOWERS. Born: 1789. Place: Campbell, VA. 3. ROSANNA FLOWERS. ... 6. SHERMAN FLOWERS. Born: 1885. Spouse: VICTORIA CRAIG. 6. WAYMON HARVE FLOWERS. Born: 1890. Died: 1897. 6. ZANEY BELLE FLOWERS ... Children of JAMES and ELIZABETH FLOWERS: 4. WILLIAM HENRY FLOWERS. Born: Aug. 10, 1820. Died: Jan. 5, 1886. 4. LEVI FLOWERS. ... Flowers Family Tree. I have added links to my other family tree sites at bottom of page. I have also added a "Flowers Family ...
"Broken Flowers". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved February 24, 2014.. *^ a b c d "Broken Flowers: The Writer/Director: Q ... Slates for the film shown on the DVD extra "Broken Flowers: Start to Finish" list the title of the film as "Dead Flowers." ... "Broken Flowers (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 15, 2010.. *^ Tucker, Ken (15 August 2005). "Ex Marks the Spot". New ... Broken Flowers premiered in Europe at 2005 Cannes Film Festival on May 16, 2005.[6] It opened on August 5, 2005 in the US in a ...
"Brandon Flowers - The Desired Effect". gigwise.com.. *^ Brian Passey (May 28, 2015). "Brandon Flowers returns with Hot Fuss- ... "Brandon Flowers". AllMusic. Retrieved June 4, 2016.. *^ Greenblatt, Leah (September 16, 2010). "Brandon Flowers - Flamingo". ... Flowers describes the Cars as a musical influence.[84] Musical style and vocals[edit]. Flowers is regarded as a prominent ... "Brandon Flowers The Desired Effect Album Review".. *^ Sullivan, Caroline (May 22, 2015). "Brandon Flowers review - gold lame ...
You need to be Cheap Flowers To Send to get attractive flower arrangements, bouquets, wedding flowers, enterprise flowers and ... The Real Reason Behind Flowers On Line We ordered roses from 4 of the preferred nationwide flower delivery firms and compared ... The bridesmaids had related flowers but in additional of a posy model with the super cute flower girl sporting a dainty ... There arent any other flower outlets in singapore who provide an specific flower delivery. Full disclosure: i do not know ...
In the case, its essential ship flowers anyplace in and around Bangalore then you must opt for order online flower delivery ... Celebrate the kindness of others with a colourful Thank You flowers hand-organized and delivered by a local florist. The flower ... For only £34.ninety nine you get a inventive, different, White Flower Assortment Bouquet which includes further flowers, much ... Most Successful Flowers For Tomorrow Companies In Region. On Friday, the city announced greater than $1.1 million will go ...
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1-800-FLOWERS increased their flexibility and agility, enabling them to try new business strategies with little risk. This ... About 1-800-FLOWERS 1-800-FLOWERS is the worlds largest florist and gift shop, with revenues approaching US$1 billion. The ... 1-800-FLOWERS. Creating an e-commerce platform for the future. By using a single e-commerce platform, 1-800-FLOWERS increased ... The 1-800-FLOWERS platform remained in place, and most of the other brands were migrated to the new MQ commerce-based platform ...
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... refer to it as African Flower pattern So, here it is: 1st Round: Chain 5 stitches and join with slip stitch to form a ring. 2nd ... This group has been created for purpose to show off things you made using African Flower pattern. All are welcome to try this ... Struggling with the flowers :( thedarkrose 11 secretsister67761 8 years ago Fair Trade Crochet samarahawthorn 0 samarahawthorn ... African Flower tutorial - translated in pictures :) Vējš matos aka Elizabeth Cat 1 Amelies Whirlygiggles 9 years ago ...
Make Mom a flower arrangement with help from a pro. Floral designer Clover Chadwick is hosting a pop-up shop of her Dandelion ... Make Mom a flower arrangement with help from a pro. Floral designer Clover Chadwick is hosting a pop-up shop of her Dandelion ... Make Mom a flower arrangement with help from a pro. Floral designer Clover Chadwick is hosting a pop-up shop of her Dandelion ...
... t have any spring flowers from the garden to bring inside, splurge on an orchid plant ¿ they are less expensive at Home Depot ... Flowers. If you don¿t have any spring flowers from the garden to bring inside, splurge on an orchid plant ¿ they are less ... If you don¿t have any spring flowers from the garden to bring inside, splurge on an orchid plant ¿ they are less expensive at ...
Youll learn about different types of flowers, macro equipment basics, and the intricacies of shooting ... - Selection from ... Beautiful and authoritative, this guide to photographing flowers is a must-read for every photographer interested in flower ... Photographing Flowers will also win a place in the hearts of those who simply love striking floral imagery. ... Harold also shows you techniques in the Photoshop darkroom that can be applied to flower photography to help you get the most ...
Dreams of Spring - Amazing flowers ... by Nubia ** 2386 views * 10 Most Romantic Flowers to Gift Wo... by Indian Bakers 206 ... 10 Most Romantic Flowers to Gift Women and Girls , Online Flower Delivery ... Thank you for the beautiful flowers! My greetings are going to Egypt! ...
Flowers: The most obvious and outstanding general feature of Asteraceae is that the flowers are grouped characteristically into ... the flowers in the outermost row or rows of the head have a modified, mainly flat and elongate corolla that resembles an ... compact inflorescences (heads) that superficially resemble individual flowers. Each such head is ordinarily subtended by an ... individual petal of most other flowers. Thus, the ... This kind of flower is called a disk flower. Ordinarily, the ...
Your browser does not support this type of content (HTML5 video). To find a compatible browser, please visit outdatedbrowser.com. Alternatively, please download the video for this sermon ...
- free download at http://www.weareyoungbloods.com STREAM Apple Music → http://smarturl.it/ybz012-applemusic Spotify → http://smarturl.it/ybz012-spotify Soun...
... and his theory of the adaptation of flowers to fertilisation by insects is one that will ever be associated with his name. In ... CHRISTIAN CONRAD SPRENGELS treatise on the structure and fertilisation of flowers, after well nigh a century of oblivion, has ... The Fertilisation of Flowers Nature volume 28, pages513-514(1883)Cite this article ... The Fertilisation of Flowers.. By Prof. Hermann Müller. Translated and Edited by DArcy W. Thompson, B.A., Scholar of Trinity ...
... The forest floor beneath aspen communities are generally richer than the understories of ...
Londons celebration summer kicked off this week with the Chelsea Flower Show, which presages the Queens Jubilee (her sixtieth ... "The peachy-pink flowered perennial was the overwhelming winner voted for by members of R.H.S. plant committees," the R.H.S. ... The Flower Show, which has been put on most years since 1862 by the Royal Horticultural Society, is the Westminster Kennel Club ... Londons celebration summer kicked off this week with the Chelsea Flower Show, which presages the Queens Jubilee (her sixtieth ...
... of the worlds flowering plants to reproduce including animals that assist plants with their reproduction, as well as wind and ... She diligently visits numerous flowers on her quest to gather the necessary pollen and nectar. When there is enough food, she ... If you are interested in observing megachile bees place a nesting block near your flower gardens. Image courtesy of Beatriz ... A female megachile leafcutter bee approaches an evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) flower to collect pollen and nectar. Image ...
"Broken Flowers" isnt wholly lacking in feeling, but it also seems to be trying desperately to make us feel something and not ... "Broken Flowers". Bill Murray tracks down an eccentric cast of ex-girlfriends in Jim Jarmuschs well-meaning but remote look at ... But those ellipses are back, in a big way, in "Broken Flowers." Jarmusch has put together an extraordinarily promising cast. ... You can wish there were more filmmakers like Jim Jarmusch and simultaneously wish there were fewer movies like "Broken Flowers ...
The film, and its very oxymoronic title, "Broken Flowers", acts as a metaphor for the anti-epiphanies that exploring your past ... Many will relish Broken Flowers refusal to serve up a resolution; others will find it frustrating. Inevitably, thats Jarmusch ... Funny, bittersweet, its understatement yielding surprising depth charges, Broken Flowers is a triumph of close observation and ... Broken Flowers, coming from a postcode of its own, doesnt quite deliver. ...
See 56 photos from 600 visitors about balcony, great value, and scenic views. Very nice place. Food is delicious, especially the chicken and broccoli...
... flowers are our ubiquitous go-to gift. Every Mothers Day, masses of blooms are dispatched to harried moms across the country ... Before jumping into the deep end of edible flower creations, start simple. Blossoming tea is an way to add flowers to moms ... overflowing with flowering color and taste. Savory and sweet, from breakfast to dessert, theres a flower for every course. ... Flower blossoms are sewn into a little ball that expands in hot water, oozing delicious tea flavor floating around jasmine, ...
Pages in category "de:Flowers". The following 60 pages are in this category, out of 60 total. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Category:de:Flowers&oldid=47110898" ...
Flowers of Shanghai reps a subtle change of course for the Taiwanese helmer after a couple of increasingly myopic pictures but ... Among the other flowers - each of whom is introduced with an intertitle denoting her and her flower-houses name - are Pearl ( ... Gorgeously mounted, but butt-numbingly slow for all but hardened admirers of Hou Hsiao-hsien, the costume drama "Flowers of ... Flowers of Shanghai. Gorgeously mounted, but butt-numbingly slow for all but hardened admirers of Hou Hsiao-hsien, the costume ...
Most widely held works by Brandon Flowers Hot fuss by Killers (Rock group : 2001- )( Recording ). 8 editions published between ... Brandon Flowers( ). 2 editions published in 2004 in Undetermined and English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide ... Brandon Flowers( Book ). 3 editions published in 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries ... Brandon Flowers( Recording ). 2 editions published in 2005 in German and Undetermined and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries ...
Brandon Flowers says hes a glorified Elvis impersonator who would have been a rocknroll.... Rhian Daly - 17th July 2018. ... Watch Brandon Flowers rally for Democrats in Las Vegas and perform Nevadas state song. Charlotte Krol - 5th November 2018. ... Exclusive! Brandon Flowers on The Killers new music and headlining Glastonbury again: "I think.... Andrew Trendell - 2nd April ... Brandon Flowers speaks out on what the future holds for The Killers. Andrew Trendell - 23rd May 2018. ...
Source for information on Flowers, Sarah: Writers Directory 2005 dictionary. ... FLOWERS, SarahFLOWERS, Sarah. American, b. 1952. Genres: Air/Space topics, Childrens non-fiction, History. Career: Santa Clara ... Flowers, Sarah Writers Directory 2005 COPYRIGHT 2004 The Gale Group, Inc.. FLOWERS, Sarah. FLOWERS, Sarah. American, b. 1952. ... "Flowers, Sarah." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Mar. 2019 ,https://www.encyclopedia.com,. ...
  • [24] Before releasing their first Billboard 200 No.1 album Wonderful Wonderful (2017) and chart topping single " The Man ," the band took a one-year hiatus during which Flowers released his second and most favorably reviewed solo album to that date. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chelsea Flower Show 2018: what's in store for garden-lovers? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The peachy-pink flowered perennial was the overwhelming winner voted for by members of R.H.S. plant committees," the R.H.S. states. (newyorker.com)
  • When you are hiring a florist, you will need to make visits to the markets and get the flowers. (google.com)
  • When you are choosing the florist, you should take a look at the work of the florist for not only one occasion, rather various types of occasions and get to understand the style and the choice of flowers by the florist. (google.com)
  • Now that you are done with choosing the florist, let's take a look at how can you save a good amount of cash when you are opting for purchasing the flowers. (google.com)
  • Let the florist that you have hired know that you are following a certain budget for the flowers and the florist will also need to stick to the budget. (google.com)
  • Later, Don stops at a florist to buy flowers from a young woman named Sun Green ( Pell James ) who treats his cut. (wikipedia.org)
  • In case you're on the lookout for a web based florist or online flower delivery service, look no additional. (google.com)
  • however, because the relay service usually can not fulfill the order itself except the delivery is native to the situation of the relay service, it relays the order and payment to an area florist in the Flowers Online Delivery supply space, minus a commission. (google.com)
  • 1-800-FLOWERS is the world's largest florist and gift shop, with revenues approaching US$1 billion. (ibm.com)
  • If you don¿t have any spring flowers from the garden to bring inside, splurge on an orchid plant ¿ they are less expensive at Home Depot or Trader Joe¿s than at a florist. (courant.com)
  • You can then talk directly to the florist who will prepare the flowers and find out what's really special or the best deal of the day. (nytimes.com)
  • A florist is aware of which flowers are available in which seasons of the year, and which flowers work well in combination with each other. (com.pk)
  • The Web was a natural outgrowth of our core business,' says Jim Phillip of Phillip's Flower & Gifts, a third-generation florist with ten shops in the Chicago area. (prweb.com)
  • Having initially banded together in their shared search to find the sweet spot between rock and electronica, The Ramona Flowers have progressed through two albums - Dismantle And Rebuild (2014) and Part Time Spies (2016) - to their finely-honed third long-player, Strangers. (spotify.com)
  • Brandon Richard Flowers (born June 21, 1981) is an American singer, songwriter, and musician, best known as the lead singer, keyboardist, and occasional bass guitarist of the Las Vegas -based rock band the Killers , with whom he has recorded five studio albums. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you are interested in observing megachile bees place a nesting block near your flower gardens. (fed.us)
  • Watch as these incredible flowers open up for the awaiting bees. (youtube.com)
  • Not every bud is edible, but with just a little planning, the food at your Mother's Day feast can be just as vibrant as the vase the plate sits next to, overflowing with flowering color and taste. (aol.com)
  • Before jumping into the deep end of edible flower creations, start simple. (aol.com)
  • Known for its prickly canes and delicate, five-petaled flowers, dog rose blooms throughout much of the summer, producing round reddish fruits in early autumn which are edible and high in vitamin C. Used to create hedgerows for centuries, dog rose is now frequently cultivated in gardens across Ireland, trained to climb trellises or used to mark the boundaries of property. (ehow.com)
  • The kitchen garden at Ham House is celebrating over 300 years of edible flowers this summer. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Inspired by recipes from the seventeenth century and by how popular edible flowers are today, the garden team have planted a whole plot full of plants with edible flowers, all of which would have been grown here in the 1680s. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Not all flowers are edible, in fact some are poisonous. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Only flowers grown without pesticides are edible. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Known for its unusual flowers, it bears abundant grayish-green foliage throughout the year, sending up snow-white blooms with speckled, bladder-like protrusions from June until August. (ehow.com)
  • Shower your favorite flower lover with this mini garden of beautiful blooms! (1800flowers.com)
  • Amaryllis, on the other hand, gladly flower for years to come with bigger blooms as bulbs age. (hgtv.com)
  • Choose a Christmas cactus with open blooms to ensure you get the flower color you want. (hgtv.com)
  • THE SPARK: Flowers announced late Friday that it had signed two asset purchase agreements with Hostess that made it the "stalking horse bidder" that sets the bar for the court-supervised auction of the company's bread business. (yahoo.com)
  • Other services at http://www.phillips-flowers.com and the company's sister site, http://www.800florals.com , include a Free Reminder Service, a pictorial Glossary of Flowers, and a way to send Free Virtual Flowers and eCards by email to anyone on the Internet. (prweb.com)
  • The Flower Show, which has been put on most years since 1862 by the Royal Horticultural Society, is the Westminster Kennel Club dog show for plants. (newyorker.com)
  • Flowering plants are classified as either monocots or dicots. (ehow.com)
  • Sturdy, compact plants are topped with bright flowers in colors ranging from yellow to orange to red. (lowes.com)
  • Yes, those prickly green plants burst out some of the most beautiful flowers you've ever seen. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • U.S. Grade Standards for flowers and plants are voluntary and provide the fruit, vegetable and specialty crop industry with a uniform language for describing the quality and condition of commodities in the marketplace. (usda.gov)
  • London's celebration summer kicked off this week with the Chelsea Flower Show, which presages the Queen's Jubilee (her sixtieth year on the throne) and the Olympics as one occasion to sit in traffic and admire the yards of patriotic bunting that have been strung over every intersection in town. (newyorker.com)
  • There is something wonderfully Christopher Guest-ish about the Chelsea Flower Show and the terrestrial obsessions of its participants-a timeline of significant events in the show's history, on its Wikipedia page, includes praise for J. McDonald, "the lone voice declaring the merits of ornamental grasses for his generation. (newyorker.com)
  • Our multi-award winning magazine is released six times a year and reports on contemporary, cutting edge floristry, floral design, flower arranging, trade shows and flower festivals globally. (apple.com)
  • Broken Flowers is a 2005 French-American comedy-drama film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch and produced by Jon Kilik and Stacey Smith. (wikipedia.org)
  • You can wish there were more filmmakers like Jim Jarmusch and simultaneously wish there were fewer movies like "Broken Flowers. (salon.com)
  • When present, the flower petals of Asteraceae are joined together by their margins, forming a tubular or strap-shaped corolla (a sympetalous corolla) that often has apical teeth representing the petal tips. (britannica.com)
  • The simplest type is the discoid head , in which the flowers have a regular, tubular corolla, with generally four or five apical teeth representing the tips of the petals. (britannica.com)
  • Known for its tall spikes of nodding tubular flowers, foxglove comes in shades of white, pink and purple with light speckling along its flowers' throats. (ehow.com)
  • Foxlight 'Ruby Glow' makes a splashy centerpiece with spikes of ruby red tubular flowers painted with orange throats. (lowes.com)
  • This means that the outer flowers bloom first, with a progressive spiral of flowering toward the centre of the head. (britannica.com)
  • As a flower, we bloom and we fade, carrying our experience as the best slice of each petal. (behance.net)
  • The flowers usually bloom for about eight hours, so a large degree of movement is compressed into a few seconds. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • So as weather warms and flowers begin to bloom, admire gardens and bouquets from afar if you tend to suffer. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Thus, the "petals" of a daisy or sunflower are actually the outermost flowers of the head. (britannica.com)
  • Daylilies are characterized by long, smooth blades that surround a flower with three petals and three sepals. (ehow.com)
  • Next thing you know, the perfect little blue petals are curling in, the whole thing is drooping and the perky flowers you bought just hours ago are rapidly dying. (lifehacker.com)
  • Encourage your child to use words to describe the shapes, colors, and textures of the flower parts. (surfnetkids.com)
  • The classic Christmas flower, poinsettia, comes in a variety of sizes and colors. (hgtv.com)
  • When planted in a mass, the showy spring flowers produce breathtaking beds of color. (ehow.com)
  • Blooming from June until September, red valerian is known for its showy reddish-pink flower heads and tall, shrubby growth habit, and can reach two feet in height under ideal conditions. (ehow.com)
  • Our uk primarily based senior florists create and hand-tie the beautiful arrangements that are beautifully packaged to maximise the influence of your thoughtful, luxury present on flower delivery order luxury flowers to your recipient with blossoming gifts. (google.com)
  • Beautiful and authoritative, this guide to photographing flowers is a must-read for every photographer interested in flower photography. (oreilly.com)
  • Thank you for the beautiful flowers! (slideshare.net)
  • Learn how to turn ordinary paper into beautiful origami flowers. (apple.com)
  • Although flowers are naturally beautiful, it is the artistic arrangement of flowers that enhances their beauty through flower arrangement. (com.pk)
  • Like a beautiful flower full of colour but without fragrance, even so, fruitless are the fair words of one who does not practice them. (everything2.com)
  • Like a beautiful flower full of colour and also fragrant, even so, fruitful are the fair words of one who practices them. (everything2.com)
  • Deck the halls with beautiful potted Christmas flowers. (hgtv.com)
  • Flowers and Madame starred in their own syndicated sitcom that ran from 1982 to 1983 called Madame's Place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers wrote the book Madame: My Misbegotten Memoirs, which was published in 1983. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers, Wayland (1983). (wikipedia.org)
  • Killers frontman Brandon Flowers paid tribute to his mother with an emotional rendition of 'A Dustland Fairytale' during the band's headline performance at Glastonbury. (nme.com)
  • The Killers frontman Brandon Flowers has responded to recent controversy surrounding the upcoming 50th anniversary festival of Woodstock. (nme.com)
  • The Killers frontman Brandon Flowers has found himself the subject of a new meme. (nme.com)
  • So, whether or not you'd prefer to ship a dozen roses , an orchid flower , or a posy of pink and lavender blossoms , our florists have what to need to send the right blissful birthday bouquet. (google.com)
  • Flower blossoms are sewn into a little ball that expands in hot water, oozing delicious tea flavor floating around jasmine, amaranth, and other sweet buds. (aol.com)
  • You need to be Cheap Flowers To Send to get attractive flower arrangements, bouquets, wedding flowers, enterprise flowers and fruit baskets any time, any day. (google.com)
  • Make Mom a flower arrangement with help from a pro. (latimes.com)
  • Sophisticated cultures have generally expressed a love for decorating with flowers by carefully arranging them in especially chosen containers, while other societies have used them more informally: strewn, made into garlands and wreaths, or casually placed in waterholding vessels without thought of arrangement. (com.pk)
  • Floral designers create their designs according to the occasion - weddings, birthdays, parties and even funerals - each having specific flower arrangement patterns. (com.pk)
  • This Pinterest Explore collection showcases flower crafts. (surfnetkids.com)
  • They grow throughout the continental US and are among the country's most popular flowers. (ehow.com)
  • British seed company Thompson & Morgan offers advice on improving your garden with these ten easy-to-grow flowers. (surfnetkids.com)
  • Cut flowers must be presented for inspection to ensure they meet all import requirements and are free from harmful plant pests and diseases. (usda.gov)
  • If the CBP agricultural specialist or officer finds harmful plant pests or diseases on your cut flowers, or if they do not meet entry requirements, your cut flowers will be refused entry. (usda.gov)
  • Flowers wilt for a simple reason: there is not enough water getting to the plant. (lifehacker.com)
  • There's still plenty of time to add Christmas' classic flowering plant to your decor. (hgtv.com)
  • In addition to his work with the Killers, Flowers has released two solo albums, Flamingo (2010) and The Desired Effect (2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers responded to an ad that Dave Keuning had placed in the Las Vegas Weekly in late 2001, whereupon they became the Killers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brandon Flowers on The Killers' new music and headlining Glastonbury again: "I think. (nme.com)
  • Brandon Flowers has revealed that The Killers are planning to start work on a new album next, while he still hopes to make a. (nme.com)
  • Check online and you can check websites of popular florists such as: panda flowers Calgary se, for those who live in or outside Calgary, Canada. (google.com)
  • Flowers from florists and nurseries should not be eaten. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Despite better known big name flower marketers, some local florists are thriving online, and customers are flocking to their Web sites for convenience, value, and quality. (prweb.com)
  • Flowers are already one of the most popular online shopping categories, and roughly 90% of florists in the U.S. and Canada have some type of Web site. (prweb.com)
  • Timothy David Flowers ( Warwickshire , 1967 . (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers is also the title of a 1967 album by the Rolling Stones . (everything2.com)
  • Once a " flower child " of the 1960s, she has reversed to the opposite extreme and is now living a suburban conservative middle class existence married to Ron ( Christopher McDonald ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers for Algernon - Daniel Keyes - 1966 Introduction Flowers for Algernon, Daniel Keyes's best-known novel, has remained in print continuously since it was first published in the 1960s. (bookrags.com)
  • Flowers created Madame in the mid-1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers reveals not only how the city's skyscrapers are inextricably tied to the city's economic booms and busts, planning, and day-to-day functioning but also how the skyscraper 'is a material expression' of social conditions and personal relationships. (upenn.edu)
  • In this both sweeping and specific book, Benjamin Flowers describes the Empire State Building, the Seagram Building, and the World Trade Center towers, explaining why developers undertook them and how personal ambitions influenced their designs. (upenn.edu)
  • In Skyscraper: The Politics and Power of Building New York City in the Twentieth Century , Benjamin Flowers explores the role of culture and ideology in shaping the construction of skyscrapers and the way wealth and power have operated to reshape the urban landscape. (upenn.edu)
  • Benjamin Flowers teaches architecture at the Georgia Institute of Technology. (upenn.edu)
  • Furthermore, in more than half the members of the family, the flowers in the outermost row or rows of the head have a modified, mainly flat and elongate corolla that resembles an individual petal of most other flowers. (britannica.com)
  • These rays are the petal-like parts, in a comparison of the flower head to an ordinary flower. (britannica.com)
  • Drowned Flowers" are photographic composites that enact this link by combining images of flowers and water to express ecological and humanitarian concerns. (behance.net)
  • At the time of James Flowers death, he owned three-hundred acres on the Wolf River. (angelfire.com)
  • [13] His family lived in Henderson until Flowers was eight, when they moved to Payson, Utah , for two years before moving to Nephi, Utah , at which time he was in the sixth grade . (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers wrote the lyrics to the single " All These Things That I've Done " and its popular refrain "I Got Soul, But I'm Not A Soldier" that numbered among the "100 Greatest Songs of All Time" by The Daily Telegraph and earned one of the band's seven Grammy nominations. (wikipedia.org)
  • We ordered roses from 4 of the preferred nationwide flower delivery firms and compared worth, supply time and how well they held up. (google.com)
  • To keep up high quality and safety, scotts flowers nyc doesn't go away unattended deliveries if recipient or a delegated receiving get together will not be current on the time of delivery. (google.com)
  • When it's time to celebrate motherhood, flowers are our ubiquitous go-to gift. (aol.com)
  • Because he's recently been spending time with Jasmin (Wei Hsiao-hui), his regular flower girl, Crimson (Japanese actress Michiko Hada, noticeably dubbed), whose client list is already thin, is starting to panic that she's about to be dumped. (variety.com)
  • Please commit the time run as a city delegate or alternate, or vote for other Al Flowers supporters. (google.com)
  • The Ramona Flowers formed in 2012 when Dave Betts (keys/guitar) met (singer) Steve Bird for the first time at a fancy dress party. (spotify.com)
  • plot were grown in seventeenth century England to use in the kitchen or still room - there are recipes from this time using flowers as ingredients. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Most wild flowers soon wither if you pick them, but you can preserve them for a long time by pressing or drying them. (surfnetkids.com)
  • By all love's soft, yet mighty powers, It is a thing unfit, That men should fuck in time of flowers , Or when the smock 's beshit. (everything2.com)
  • But even for people who know as little about fescues as they do about wirehaired pointers, the Flower Show yields great pleasures. (newyorker.com)
  • Don't assume a coral bud yields a coral flower. (hgtv.com)
  • It's not unusual to find this Christmas flower spanning generations, as starts are passed from parents to children. (hgtv.com)
  • Flowers Foods Inc.'s shares soared Monday on the bakery's plans to buy Hostess Brand Inc.'s bread business, including its iconic Wonder bread brand. (yahoo.com)
  • Flowers' debut solo album, Flamingo , was released worldwide and charted in the top ten albums in ten countries including the UK where it charted at number one. (wikipedia.org)
  • LOS ANGELES - Teleflora delivered inferior flowers than customers ordered, late, or did not deliver them at all, a class action claims in Federal Court. (courthousenews.com)
  • You choose a design from the F.T.D. or Teleflora book or choose the type of flowers yourself -- a dozen red roses, for instance. (nytimes.com)
  • I recently read a short story called 'Flowers for Algernon' written by Daniel Keyes in which the author attempts to build up the reader's sympathy for the main character, Charlie Gordon. (bookrags.com)
  • Other resources include sympathy flowers, event decorations, and a detailed flower library. (prweb.com)
  • Tykes with an aspiring green thumb will appreciate the new Flower Set that has just blossomed into the PlanToys. (inhabitat.com)
  • Indulge your green thumb with this week's website picks about flowers. (surfnetkids.com)
  • Known for their beauty and ease of cultivation, the traditional flowers of Ireland provide seasonal color to gardens and roadsides across the country. (ehow.com)
  • Celebrate abundant and long-lasting color with rich red flowers throughout the summer. (lowes.com)
  • These potted beauties keep the color coming long after the festivities are finished-a few will even flower for years to come. (hgtv.com)
  • Flower Foods, based in Thomasville, Ga., is best known for Tastykakes but also makes breads including Nature's Own and Cobblestone Mill. (yahoo.com)
  • However, a variety of native and introduced flower species are traditionally found there, thriving in the moist, cool climate that gives the island its characteristic shade of green. (ehow.com)
  • The Flowers brewery in Cheltenham has traditionally used the image of William Shakespeare as its logo, commemorating a long association as one of the earliest sponsors of the Shakespeare Theatre in nearby Stratford-Upon-Avon (now home to the RSC ). (everything2.com)
  • In the US, lilies have long been one the most popular garden flowers. (ehow.com)
  • It's like our own HUGE virtual flower garden! (flickr.com)
  • The Brooklyn Botanic Garden has a great recipe on its website for a homemade version along with some additional flower-keeping tips. (lifehacker.com)
  • Visit from June onwards to discover more about our living exhibition in the kitchen garden that will enable you to taste flowers on garden tours, learn about their nutritional value and then eat more as ingredients in our tasty Orangery café food. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Johanna Basford is the ink evangelist and creator of Secret Garden, Enchanted Forest, Lost Ocean, Magical Jungle, Johanna's Christmas, Ivy and the Inky Butterfly, World of Flowers and Worlds of Wonder. (penguin.co.uk)
  • This group has been created for purpose to show off things you made using African Flower pattern. (flickr.com)
  • of that great work was to show the value of Sprengel's labours, and this has caused his book to play a prominent part in the investigation of the prime causes which determine the forms of flowers. (nature.com)
  • And to show when you like someone else's flower photo! (flickr.com)
  • Brooklyn's Black Marble have a show with a pretty solid local bill TONIGHT (2/27) at the Delancey with Plastic Flowers , Young Boys , and Frank (Just Frank) (DJ). (brooklynvegan.com)
  • The main difference between amaryllis and paperwhites is that, once the narcissus flower, the show is over. (hgtv.com)
  • Flowers' first big break was an appearance on The Andy Williams Show. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jagdale said that Flower Foods has a strong management team and is one of the lowest cost producers of bread in the U.S. He expects the company will continue to gain market share and its profits will improve as a result of the deal. (yahoo.com)
  • SHARE ACTION: Shares of Flowers jumped $1.88, or 7.6 percent, to $26.71 in afternoon trading. (yahoo.com)
  • Abd El Azim MHM, El-Mesallamy AMD, El-Gerby M, Awad A (2014) Anti-Tumor, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial and the Phenolic Constituents of Clove Flower Buds (Syzygium aromaticum). (omicsonline.org)
  • Eleven phenolic compounds were identified from the methanolic extract of Cloves flowers buds (Syzygium aromaticum L.) by chromatographic methods. (omicsonline.org)
  • Main objectives of this study were to evaluate antitumor, antioxidant, antimicrobial and phenolic constituents of clove flower buds. (omicsonline.org)
  • Cloves ( Syzygium aromaticum L. ) are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae. (omicsonline.org)
  • Clove flowers buds ( Syzygium aromaticum L. ) 500 gm were provided from Lotus Company (Sekem Group, Egypt) in June 2010. (omicsonline.org)
  • A female megachile leafcutter bee approaches an evening primrose ( Oenothera biennis ) flower to collect pollen and nectar. (fed.us)
  • She diligently visits numerous flowers on her quest to gather the necessary pollen and nectar. (fed.us)
  • While not the main carriers of pollen, flowers are top causes of allergies in early Spring, after trees. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • For photographer Greg Krehel , these crazy cactus flowers have become an obsession. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Christmas cactus is another holiday flower favorite that easily becomes a treasured houseplant. (hgtv.com)
  • Check out the slideshow above to find a day full of flowers, from breakfast to dessert. (aol.com)
  • He started buying more blooming cacti and realized he wanted to find a way to capture the flowers' incredible beauty. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • But surprisingly sometimes, so are the impressive accompanying ensemble righteous females who cut them nicely down to size, and the quirky and twisted Broken Flowers is no exception. (rottentomatoes.com)
  • The flower business is no exception. (prweb.com)
  • An inflorescence of this family can have more than 1,000 individual flowers (florets), and the heads can be grouped into more complex, secondary arrangements called capitulescences. (britannica.com)
  • The film, and its very oxymoronic title, "Broken Flowers", acts as a metaphor for the anti-epiphanies that exploring your past can present. (rottentomatoes.com)
  • After extensive research, I found the national flower of each country, which appears as the title of the individual works. (behance.net)
  • The seasonal flowers can create more vibrant and natural look that suits with the season the occasion is taking place. (google.com)
  • The 1-800-FLOWERS platform remained in place, and most of the other brands were migrated to the new MQ commerce-based platform. (ibm.com)
  • Photographing Flowers will also win a place in the hearts of those who simply love striking floral imagery. (oreilly.com)
  • The specifity of this game is that you can put the flowers on the appropriate place only dropping them down to the rotating field. (microsoft.com)
  • Individual heads of most members of Asteraceae are said to be discoid, radiate, disciform, or ligulate, according to the kinds of flowers they contain. (britannica.com)
  • Wild Flower India is a Restricted Group with 518 members. (yahoo.com)
  • LISA KRANTZ/Lisa Krantz Members of Navtechtracen Lackland Security Force Training "Guardians of the Fleet" march in the Battle of Flowers Parade in San Antonio on Friday, April 15, 2011. (mysanantonio.com)
  • Photo by Robin Jerstad/Special to the Express-News SLUG: BOF2011RJ-No Photo Request number-April 15, 2011-San Antonio, Texas--- Members of Escaramuza Rosas de Castilla ride along Broadway St. during the Battle of Flowers Parade 4/15. (mysanantonio.com)
  • For Strangers, The Ramona Flowers employed a new creative modus operandi of the collective members writing separately, using computers and synthesisers, before bringing the songs to the rest of the band in the studio to complete as a team. (spotify.com)
  • Our 4 flower outlets offer fabulous floral designs, great choice and fast supply. (google.com)
  • You'll learn about different types of flowers, macro equipment basics, and the intricacies of shooting different floral varieties in the field and in the studio. (oreilly.com)
  • Native to Europe and Asia, the perennials feature striking flowers that are the centerpieces of gardens and floral displays. (ehow.com)
  • Fusion Flowers magazine is the only contemporary floral design magazine published in the UK featuring international tutorials and content. (apple.com)
  • Ikebana, the Japanese word for the art of flower arranging, is more popular today. (com.pk)
  • Margaret Flowers practiced pediatrics for 17 years and currently serves as the codirector of Popular Resistance and the national coordinator of Health Over Profit for Everyone . (truthout.org)
  • Originally published as a short story in 1958, Flowers for Algernon appeared as a full-length novel in 1966 and has remained a critical and popular success. (bookrags.com)
  • THE ANALYSIS: Key Banc Capital Markets analyst Akshay Jagdale reiterated a "Buy" rating on shares of Flowers Foods and maintained his $28 price target, given the pending deal. (yahoo.com)
  • and several other Flowers Foods executives. (prnewswire.com)
  • Flowers Foods broadcast the event live over the Internet. (prnewswire.com)
  • Notwithstanding the brewery's changes of ownership over the years, most recently into the hands of brewing and catering giant Whitbread , Flowers ales are still fairly tasty beers, fine for supping on a sunny day outside a timber-beamed pub by the river in any picturesque English town or village, particularly in the West Country , Cotswolds and Thames Valley . (everything2.com)
  • the meeting was followed with a tour of Tasty Baking Company, a Flowers subsidiary located in Philadelphia 's Navy Yard. (prnewswire.com)
  • [31] [32] The album drew heavy influence from Flowers' hometown of Las Vegas, Nevada, and earned Flowers a Q Award nomination for Best Male Artist (2010). (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers operates 41 bakeries that produce a wide range of bakery products sold through an extensive direct-store-delivery network that encompasses the Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Southwest as well as select markets in the Northeast, California and Nevada , and nationwide through other delivery systems. (prnewswire.com)
  • I pictured the female world as different species of flowers with their own particularities. (behance.net)