Fish Products: Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).Protein HydrolysatesFish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Gadiformes: An order of fish including the families Gadidae (cods), Macrouridae (grenadiers), and hakes. The large Gadidae family includes cod, haddock, whiting, and pollock.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Caseins: A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Electric Fish: Fishes which generate an electric discharge. The voltage of the discharge varies from weak to strong in various groups of fish. The ELECTRIC ORGAN and electroplax are of prime interest in this group. They occur in more than one family.Skates (Fish): The common name for all members of the Rajidae family. Skates and rays are members of the same order (Rajiformes). Skates have weak electric organs.Seafood: Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence: A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.Fishes, PoisonousOncorhynchus mykiss: A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Oryzias: The only genus in the family Oryziinae, order BELONIFORMES. Oryzias are egg-layers; other fish of the same order are livebearers. Oryzias are used extensively in testing carcinogens.Cichlids: Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.Carps: Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the NASOPHARYNX.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Antifreeze Proteins: Proteins that bind to ice and modify the growth of ice crystals. They perform a cryoprotective role in a variety of organisms.Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Antifreeze Proteins, Type I: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that are 3-5 kDa in size and contain a single alanine-rich amphipathic alpha-helix.Antifreeze Proteins, Type III: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that are globular, 6.5 kDa in size and contain compact beta-sheet structures.Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Hospital Design and Construction: The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.PeruPowders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Vegetable Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from vegetables or vegetable products used as food. The concept is distinguished from PLANT PROTEINS which refers to non-dietary proteins from plants.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Animals, ZooCamallanina: A suborder of nematodes characterized by larvae lacking cephalic hooks and a tail that is generally long and pointed.Salmon: Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).Sterilization: The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Spores: The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Carbohydrates: The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Sea Bream: A species of PERCIFORMES commonly used in saline aquaculture.Satiety Response: Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.Incretins: Peptides which stimulate INSULIN release from the PANCREATIC BETA CELLS following oral nutrient ingestion, or postprandially.Satiation: Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide: A gastrointestinal peptide hormone of about 43-amino acids. It is found to be a potent stimulator of INSULIN secretion and a relatively poor inhibitor of GASTRIC ACID secretion.Glucagon-Like Peptide 1: A peptide of 36 or 37 amino acids that is derived from PROGLUCAGON and mainly produced by the INTESTINAL L CELLS. GLP-1(1-37 or 1-36) is further N-terminally truncated resulting in GLP-1(7-37) or GLP-1-(7-36) which can be amidated. These GLP-1 peptides are known to enhance glucose-dependent INSULIN release, suppress GLUCAGON release and gastric emptying, lower BLOOD GLUCOSE, and reduce food intake.

Three receptor genes for plasminogen related growth factors in the genome of the puffer fish Fugu rubripes. (1/773)

Plasminogen related growth factors (PRGFs) and their receptors play major roles in embryogenesis, tissue regeneration and neoplasia. In order to investigate the complexity and evolution of the PRGF receptor family we have cloned and sequenced three receptors for PRGFs in the teleost fish Fugu rubripes, a model vertebrate with a compact genome. One of the receptor genes isolated encodes the orthologue of mammalian MET, whilst the other two may represent Fugu rubripes orthologues of RON and SEA. This is the first time three PRGF receptors have been identified in a single species.  (+info)

Multiple binding sites in the growth factor receptor Xmrk mediate binding to p59fyn, GRB2 and Shc. (2/773)

Melanoma formation in Xiphoporus is initiated by overexpression of the EGFR-related receptor tyrosine kinase Xmrk (Xiphoporus melanoma receptor kinase). This receptor is activated in fish melanoma as well as in a melanoma-derived cell line (PSM) resulting in constitutive Xmrk-mediated mitogenic signaling. In order to define the underlying signaling pathway(s), triggered by the activated Xmrk receptor, we attempted to identify its physiological substrates. Examination of the Xmrk carboxyterminus for putative tyrosine autophosphorylation sites revealed the presence of potential binding motifs for GRB2 as well as for Shc. Binding of these adaptor proteins to the Xmrk receptor was detected in vitro and in cells expressing the mrk kinase. The GRB2 and Shc interactions with the receptor could be disrupted individually by phosphotyrosine peptides containing putative Xmrk autophosphorylation sites, indicating direct binding of both proteins. Recruitment of GRB2 by the constitutively activated Xmrk receptor led to strong MAP kinase activation in Xiphoporus melanoma cells. We also identified a high-affinity binding site for src-kinases (pYEDL) in the Xmrk carboxyterminus. Competition experiments with phosphopeptides comprising this site confirmed that it is used for high-affinity binding of Xiphoporus fyn (Xfyn) to Xmrk in melanoma cells. Thus, Xmrk can initiate different signaling pathways by using multiple substrate-binding sites to trigger proliferation of pigment cells.  (+info)

Structure and expression of the highly repetitive histone H1-related sperm chromatin proteins from winter flounder. (3/773)

In the late stages of spermatogenesis, winter flounder produce a family of high molecular mass (80-200 kDa) basic nuclear proteins (HMrBNPs) that combine with the normal complement of histones to produce condensed sperm chromatin with an increased nucleosomal repeat length. The HMrBNPs have a biased amino-acid composition in which Arg, Ser, Lys and Pro are abundant because of their presence in many simple peptide repeats. The organization of these repeats was deduced by cDNA cloning. The predominant repeating units are related 26- and 30-amino-acid sequences that in turn are linked by 6-amino-acid spacers to form 58- and 62-amino-acid repeats. Subsets of these repeats are also present, such as a dispersed 20-amino-acid repeat and a tandem array of nine heptapeptides at the C-terminus. The HMrBNPs appear to have evolved from an extreme H1 variant that has an N-terminal tail of HMrBNP-like sequence linked to an H1 globular region. Based on sequences of the most abundant HMrBNP cDNAs, and the lack of hybridization between HMrBNP mRNAs and a DNA probe for the H1 globular region, the latter domain appears to have been lost during expansion and amplification of the HMrBNP-like repeats. Transcripts of the HMrBNP and H1 variant genes are present in testis RNAs only during the mid-spermatid stage of spermatogenesis, at the same time that HMrBNPs in their highly phosphorylated form first appear in the nucleus. Judging by the lack of a lag between HMrBNP mRNA synthesis and translation, the mRNAs for these highly basic proteins are not stored for any length of time. Instead, the deposition of HMrBNPs onto DNA, which coincides with the major reorganization and silencing of the chromatin, may be controlled by dephosphorylation.  (+info)

Expression of the medaka (Oryzias latipes) Ol-Rx3 paired-like gene in two diencephalic derivatives, the eye and the hypothalamus. (4/773)

Here we report the expression pattern of the homeobox Ol-Rx3 gene, a medaka gene homologous to the mouse, Xenopus, zebrafish and Drosophila Rx genes. Ol-Rx3 starts to be expressed, at late gastrula stages, in the presumptive territories of the anterior brain. Subsequently, transcripts are localised in an antero-ventral region of the prosencephalon and in the primordia of the optic vesicles. During organogenesis, distribution of Ol-Rx3 transcripts are gradually restricted to the floor of the diencephalon, the prospective territory of the hypothalamus and the neurohypophysis. During late development and in adult, Ol-Rx3 expression is maintained in hypothalamic nuclei bordering the third ventricle. In the optic vesicles, Ol-Rx3 expression is temporarily switched off when the eye cup morphogenesis is complete, but it is turned on again in the inner nuclear layer of the retina. Thus, the early expression pattern of Ol-Rx3 is in agreement with a conserved role in the specification of the ventral forebrain and eye field. Putative functions linked to late expression domains are discussed in light of the different hypothesis concerning the involvement of vertebrate Rx genes in the maintenance of particular cell fate.  (+info)

Identification of two discrete peptide: N-glycanases in Oryzias latipes during embryogenesis. (5/773)

Two different types of peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) were identified in developing embryos of medaka fish ( Oryzias latipes ). Because the optimum pH values for their activities were acidic and neutral, they were designated as acid PNGase M and neutral PNGase M, respectively. The acid PNGase M corresponded to the enzyme that had been partially purified from medaka embryos (Seko,A., Kitajima,K., Inoue,Y. and Inoue,S. (1991) J. Biol. Chem., 266, 22110-22114). The apparent molecular weight of this enzyme was 150 K, and the optimal pH was 3.5-4.0, and the K m for L-hyosophorin was 44 microM. L-Hyosophorin is a cortical alveolus-derived glycononapeptide with a large N-linked glycan chain present in the perivitelline space of the developing embryo. Acid PNGase M was competitively inhibited by a free de-N-glycosylated nonapeptide derived from L-hyosophorin. This enzyme was expressed in ovaries and embryos at all developmental stages after gastrulation, but activity was not detected in embryos at developmental stages between fertilization and gastrula. Several independent lines of evidence suggested that acid PNGase M may be responsible for the unusual accumulation of free N-glycans derived from yolk glycoproteins (Iwasaki,M., Seko,A., Kitajima,K., Inoue,Y. and Inoue,S. (1992) J. Biol. Chem., 267, 24287-24296). In contrast, the neutral PNGase M was expressed in blastoderms from the 4-8 cell stage and in cells up to early gastrula. The general significance of these findings is that they show a developmental stage-dependent expression of the two PNGase activities, and that expression of the neutral PNGase M activity occurs concomitantly with the de-N-glycosylation of L-hyosophorin. These data thus support our conclusion that the neutral PNGase M is responsible for the developmental-stage-related de-N-glycosylation of the L-hyosophorin.  (+info)

Changes in the levels of mRNAs for GH/prolactin/somatolactin family and Pit-1/GHF-1 in the pituitaries of pre-spawning chum salmon. (6/773)

Changes in the levels of pituitary mRNAs encoding GH, prolactin (PRL) and somatolactin (SL) were determined in pre-spawning chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) caught at a few key points along their homing pathway in 1994 and 1995. Furthermore, we analyzed relationships between expression of pituitary-specific POU homeodomain transcription factor (Pit-1/GHF-1) and GH/PRL/SL family genes. In 1994, seawater (SW) fish and matured fresh-water (FW) fish were sequentially captured at two points along their homing pathway, the coast and the hatchery. In addition to these two points, maturing FW fish were captured at the intermediate of the two points in 1995. The levels of hormonal mRNAs were determined by a quantitative dot blot analysis using single-stranded sense DNA as the standard. Relative levels of Pit-1/GHF-1 mRNAs were estimated by Northern blot analysis. In 1994, the levels of GH/PRL/SL family mRNAs except for PRL mRNA in the male FW fish were 1.8-4 times higher than those in the SW fish. In 1995, the level of PRL mRNA was somewhat sharply elevated in the maturing FW fish soon after entry into the FW environment, while that of SL mRNA was gradually increased during upstream migration from the coast to the hatchery. The levels of 3 kb Pit-1/GHF-1 mRNA in the FW fish were higher than those in the SW fish in both 1994 and 1995. The present results indicate that expression of genes for the GH/PRL/SL family and Pit-1/GHF-1 is coincidentally enhanced in homing chum salmon. Moreover, the present study suggests that expression of the SL gene is elevated with sexual maturation, whereas that of PRL gene is elevated with osmotic change during the final stages of spawning migration.  (+info)

Melanoma loss-of-function mutants in Xiphophorus caused by Xmrk-oncogene deletion and gene disruption by a transposable element. (7/773)

The overexpression of the Xmrk oncogene (ONC-Xmrk) in pigment cells of certain Xiphophorus hybrids has been found to be the primary change that results in the formation of malignant melanoma. Spontaneous mutant stocks have been isolated that have lost the ability to induce tumor formation when crossed with Xiphophorus helleri. Two of these loss-of-function mutants were analyzed for genetic defects in ONC-Xmrk's. In the lof-1 mutant a novel transposable element, TX-1, has jumped into ONC-Xmrk, leading to a disruption of the gene and a truncated protein product lacking the carboxyterminal domain of the receptor tyrosine kinase. TX-1 is obviously an active LTR-containing retrotransposon in Xiphophorus that was not found in other fish species outside the family Poeciliidae. Surprisingly, it does not encode any protein, suggesting the existence of a helper function for this retroelement. In the lof-2 mutant the entire ONC-Xmrk gene was found to be deleted. These data show that ONC-Xmrk is indeed the tumor-inducing gene of Xiphophorus and thus the critical constituent of the tumor (Tu) locus.  (+info)

Tandem repeat structure of rhamnose-binding lectin from catfish (Silurus asotus) eggs. (8/773)

The primary structure of catfish (Silurus asotus) egg lectin (SAL) was determined. SAL cDNA contained 1448-bp nucleotides and 308 amino acid residues, deduced from open reading frame. The SAL mature protein composed of 285-amino acid residues was followed by a predicted signal sequence having 23 residues. The mRNA of SAL was found to be expressed in eggs, but not in liver. SAL is composed of three tandem repeat domain structures divided into exactly 95 amino acid residues each, and all cysteine positions of each domain were completely conserved. Sequence homologies between the three domains, termed D1 (1-95), D2 (96-190) and D3 (191-285), were as follows; D1-D2, 28%; D2-D3, 33%; D1-D3, 43%. Two conserved peptide motifs, -(AN)YGR(TD)S(T)XCS(TGR)P- and -DPCX(G)T(Y)KY(L)-, appear to exist at the N- and C-terminal regions of each domain, respectively. The kinetic parameters of SAL obtained by measuring surface plasmon resonance were as follows: K(a) (M(-1)) for neohesperidosyl-BSA, 7. 1 x 10(6); for melibiosyl-BSA, 4.9 x 10(6); and for lactosyl-BSA, 5. 2 x 10(5). These results show that RBLs including SAL comprise a family of alpha-galactosyl binding lectins having characteristic tandem repeat domain structures.  (+info)

  • It differs significantly from fish meal products which are designated for animal feed applications. (
  • Additionally, an industrial fish industry exists where whole fish and by products from fish processing have been cooked and dehydrated to form a product termed fish meal, which is used for animal feed, pet food and fish feed. (
  • Spray drying is different from typical oven dehydration used in animal grade fish meal production in that spray drying will not denature the protein fraction resulting in a higher quality protein product for human consumption. (
  • On a global basis, fish meal resources are limited and researchers are looking for other sources of protein for use in fish feed. (
  • Plant meal is an alternative source of protein that is already widely used. (
  • Many fish feed trials have been conducted in order to establish how the farmed Atlantic salmon utilise nutrients in plant meal, but fewer studies have been carried out on farmed Atlantic cod. (
  • For instance, fish may experience stress when they are given a new feed containing a high level of plant proteins instead of fish meal. (
  • The remainder of the protein level in the feed was fish meal. (
  • The control group was given a feed containing only fish meal as a source of protein. (
  • The composition of amino acids in the feed met the requirements set by the National Research Council, Canada, but the balance of amino acids was different between the fish meal and the plant proteins. (
  • The cod that were not given this feed were compared with cod that had been given 100 per cent fish meal as the source of protein. (
  • Therefore, fish meal continues to be the main protein source in diets for most species of farmed fish because of the balanced amino acid profile and the composition of essential fatty acids, digestible energy, vitamins, and minerals ( Tacon & Metian, 2008 ). (
  • The most important protein source for aquatic feed was and still is fish meal. (
  • At present, the modern Norwegian salmon feed diet includes 50% less fish meal when compared to 20 years ago. (
  • Sustainability of aquatic feed production and the discussion about the use of feed ingredients raised the main argument against the sustainability of fish farming if dependent of fish meal. (
  • Fish meal is the protein source traditionally used in aquaculture diets but it is considered as limited to a few countries and rather expensive. (
  • From this, you can pick and choose which are best for you.For starters though, I will say with firm conviction as I chug down my whey-casein meal replacement shake, that vegetable sources of protein are generally inferior to animal sources. (
  • Taking some fish oil with your post-workout meal is a great idea for people on a low carb diet who still want to get the maximal anabolic response from their macronutrient intake. (
  • In fact, taking it with any protein meal is probably a great idea. (
  • High in protein & fiber, low in fat, this dish is a complete meal. (
  • Effects of single cell protein replacing fish meal in diet on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology in weaned pigs. (
  • 2013). Compared to fish meal, most sources of SCP (from bacteria and yeast) have similar lysine (Lys), methionine (Met) and cysteine (Cys) content, and a higher proportion of tryptophan (Trp) and threonine (Thr) (Skrede et al. (
  • The SCP can be a protein source that offers a potential alternative to fish meal, meat and bone meal, soybean meal, and other protein sources in animal nutrition (Hellwing et al. (
  • Therefore, the objectives of the current experiment were to determine the ME content as well as standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of AA in Prosin and Protide, based on the ME and SID of AA values, to evaluate the effects of Prosin and Protide replacing 50% or 100% of fish meal in diet with identical nutrient levels on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology in weaned piglets. (
  • The fish meal used in this study was commercial supplied (Pesquera Diamante S. A., Peru), and Prosin and Protide were supplied by CJ Co. Ltd., (Liaocheng, China). (
  • Experiment 1: Twenty four barrows (Duroc x Landrace x Large White) with initial BW of 30.8 [+ or -] 2.6 kg were used to determine the DE and ME contents of fish meal, Prosin and Protide. (
  • The four meals were equally well utilized by the young chick at three different protein levels and supplementation of the fish meal proteins with 1 % methionine was without any effect. (
  • Copalis Sea Solutions, Diana Group, Hofseth BioCare ASA, Janatha Fish Meal & Oil Products, SOPROPÊCHE, Marutham Bio Ages Innovations (P) Ltd, and SAMPI are among the major players in the Asia Pacific fish protein hydrolysate market. (
  • Fish meal or fishmeal, is a commercial product made from both whole fish and the bones and offal from processed fish. (
  • Why choose fish meal? (
  • 1. The effective value of fish meal does not contain cellulose and other difficult to digest substances. (
  • high fat content and effective high value of fish meal,so the production of fish meal as raw material is easily dubbed high-energy feed. (
  • Fish meal is rich in B vitamins, especially vitamin B12, B2 content is high, but also contains vitamins A, D and vitamin E and other fat-soluble vitamins. (
  • 3. Mineral.Fish meal is a good source of minerals, calcium, phosphorus and the proportion of suitable. (
  • Selenium content of fish meal is high, up to 2mg / kg or more. (
  • 4. Unknown growth factor.Fish meal contains growth-promoting unknown factors.This substance has not been purified into compounds, this substance can stimulate animal growth and development. (
  • Shanghai K&B Agriculture Technology Co.,Ltd. established in 2014,is specializing in exporting business.Our company has own factory in Shandong Province,China.Our main product are fish meal,corn gluten meal,rice protein powder and other feed additives. (
  • In Dietary Bioprocessed Soybean Meal Does Not Affect the Growth of Exercised Juvenile Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) , Voorhees et al cited, "In addition to diet, exercise has been shown to affect fish rearing performance. (
  • According to the study, bioprocessed soybean meal (BSM) can replace at least 85 percent of fishmeal in juvenile rainbow trout, even if the fish are exercised. (
  • Despite soybean being one of the leading plant-based protein alternatives to fishmeal, its meal inclusion in carnivorous fish aquafeeds has been limited. (
  • By reducing anti-nutritional factors found in soybean meal and improving nutrient digestibility, bioprocessed soybean meal can replace a large amount of the fishmeal currently used in aquafeeds," corresponding author, Dr. Mike Barnes of the Department of Game, Fish and Parks, McNenny State Fish Hatchery, South Dakota, told Hatchery International . (
  • Weight gain, average daily gain and specific growth rate of fish fed containing different levels of Lima bean meal were significantly comparable to that of fish receiving the control diet, with the exception of fish fed with the 100 percent ration diet. (
  • The Institute of Aquaculture will evaluate a single-cell protein (SCP), produced from industrial emissions of carbon dioxide, as a substitute for marine and terrestrial meal in salmon feeds. (
  • Such growth can only be achieved in a sustainable manner by replacing the traditionally used marine ingredients in aquafeeds - fish meal and fish oil - for more sustainable options. (
  • The main alternative to fish meal in aquafeeds is vegetable meal, however, this has its constraints, and SCP is an excellent alternative as it is nutritionally optimised to meet the demands of aquaculture. (
  • In the early stages of development of these feeding systems, soya bean meal or ensiled soya seeds, alone or with fish meal, were used to supply the protein. (
  • In interferon-gamma (IFNγ) stimulated cells, PhosID enabled the identification of a large number of IFN responsive newly synthesized proteins (NSPs) whereby we monitored the differential synthesis of these proteins over time. (
  • However, a steady state is achieved after 4 or 5 weeks, but not in starved individuals, suggesting that protein synthesis or the turnover of myofibrillar component(s) is involved in the response. (
  • We also examined genes involved in protein turnover (synthesis and metabolism) and the gene expression was lower for a few of these genes in the cod that had been fed with 75 per cent plant protein. (
  • The effects of exercise on the rates of protein synthesis in the chambers of the trout heart were investigated in vitro and in vivo. (
  • This preparation was used to examine the mechanical responses to preload pressures, the oxygen consumption at different power outputs and the rates of protein synthesis in the various heart components. (
  • Protein synthesis was measured in isolated hearts by the incorporation of [3H]phenylalanine added at high concentration (1.35 mmol l-1) to the perfusion medium. (
  • The various chambers of the heart showed marked differences in their rates of protein synthesis. (
  • Increasing cardiac output and power output in vitro by twofold over 20 min increased the fractional rate of protein synthesis by approximately 2.5-fold in the atrium and ventricle but did not affect the rates in the bulbus arteriosus. (
  • Perfusion of the coronary vessels significantly increased the rates of protein synthesis of the compact layer of the ventricle. (
  • slow-speed continuous swimming over 40 min (1.5 body lengths s-1) caused an increase in the rates of protein synthesis in all the chambers except the bulbus arteriosus. (
  • The stimulation in the fractional rates of protein synthesis by approximately 32% was not as great as in vitro. (
  • Both in vivo and in vitro the increased rates of protein synthesis occurred without any change in RNA to protein ratios, indicating an improved activity of protein synthesis per unit of RNA. (
  • It is concluded that short-term increases in cardiac contractility, possibly acting through the mechanical stretch on the cardiac muscle, stimulated protein synthesis, particularly in the ventricle, through increased ribosomal activity. (
  • To answer this question we evaluated the effect of 8 weeks of LCn-3PUFA supplementation (4 g·d-1 of Lovaza®) in nine 25-45 y old healthy subjects on the rate of muscle protein synthesis (by using stable isotope labelled tracer techniques) and the activation (phosphorylation) of elements of the mTOR-p70s6k pathway during basal, postabsorptive conditions and during a hyperinsulinemic-hyperaminoacidemic clamp. (
  • The third cluster contained 257 proteins where proteins related to protein synthesis, cellular assembly, and epithelial integrity were over-represented. (
  • The physiological and biochemical signals that induce stress protein (HSP) synthesis remain conjectural. (
  • In clinical circumstances associated with elevated plasma FFA concentrations such as obesity, diabetes, critical illness, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, muscle protein synthesis can be stimulated by amino acids ingestion", they write. (
  • The body temperature of most fish species closely parallels that of their environment. (
  • They were originally meant to describe the various fish species, but these superb etchings are appreciated as beautiful works of art. (
  • While most salt water fish species use retinal as chromophore, most freshwater fish use 3-dehydroretinal, or a mixture of retinal and 3-dehydroretinal (By similarity). (
  • Modern farming of aquatic species is one of the most important resource for protein supply to human well-being. (
  • Utilisation of enzymes during feed production and feeding the fish has shown vast potential for better utilisation of the fish feed and its ingredients by various aquatic species. (
  • 41(2): 254-264, 2013 "Proceedings of the 3rd Brazilian Congress of Marine Biology"factors for nine species of fishes from coastal waters of Brazil. (
  • Repertoires of trim genes in fish are variable across fishes, but they have been remarkably diversified independently in a number of species. (
  • stress or heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a conserved group of inducible and constitutive proteins that are thought to protect cells from stresses that typically result in protein malfolding, such as hypoxia, ischemia, reactive oxygen species, or heavy metals ( 28 , 31 ). (
  • Micro bubbles do not harm most fish but they can harm some species (such as seahorses and pipefish) and corals. (
  • The dietary composition and size of biofloc can be considered as appropriate for all omnivorous fish species. (
  • Due to the lack of commercially available technology to recover proteins and lipids from fish processing by-products or underutilized aquatic species, this tremendous resource is currently unavailable for human consumption. (
  • Additionally, the most recent developments regarding application of isoelectric solubilization/precipitation to recover functional and nutritious proteins and oil from fish processing byproducts and underutilized aquatic species are addressed. (
  • To test the hypothesis, nine species of fish captured in WAP shelf waters were tested for the presence of AFGP's. (
  • The absence of AFGP's in the blood of Antarctic oceanic species makes a strong case for temperature exclusion of oceanic fishes in the coastal Antarctic. (
  • 99--18 10 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLGSURE The invention comprises a process for the preparation of a water-soluble, stable, odorless fish protein concentrate containing added fat which is useful as a food supplement. (
  • LeBLANC, R.J. 1994-11-01 00:00:00 ABSTRACT A capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method for rapid separation of fish muscle sarcoplasmic proteins (SAJR) was developed using a highionic‐strength phosphate buffer and an untreated, fused silica capillary (20 μm i.d. (
  • Shown in this graphic is the protein colicin and the receptors it uses to cross the cellular membrane of an E. coli bacterium. (
  • After lodging one of its ends in the "BtuB" receptor, usually used to admit vitamin B12 into the cell, the protein uses its extended "fishing pole" to search for a porous second receptor, "OmpF," that will allow its import across the membrane. (
  • When a cell needs a protein to function, it sometimes uses molecule-sized fishing poles to "catch" one and "cast" it across the cell membrane, reports a research team of Purdue University biologists. (
  • Using high-resolution X-ray crystallography, a team including William A. Cramer has determined the structure and surprising behavior of a protein receptor complex, or "gate," found in the outer membrane of an E. coli bacterium. (
  • With hundreds of protein receptors serving as gate guards, the membrane admits into the cytoplasm the nutrients the cell needs to exist. (
  • One of the colicin's halves binds to the vitamin B-12 receptor, while its tail end remains hanging from the membrane like a long fishing rod. (
  • Membrane proteins have proven to be notoriously difficult to study (see related articles), but Cramer's team has had a string of successful research on these molecules, which perform many functions related to metabolism in living things. (
  • Protein formation Cell membrane diffusion Immune system Chromosome, Hemoglobin, Sperm, Nerve Cell, Microvilli The content of this title is a subset of 'The Cell' program. (
  • Extraction of membrane proteins by differential solubilization for separation using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis," Electrophoresis , vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 837-844, 1998. (
  • The membrane system inside separates the main stream into a high fat plus protein stream, a zero fat plus protein stream, and a biogenic fraction. (
  • In Src-transformed cells, Tks5/Fish localizes to podosomes, discrete protrusions of the ventral membrane. (
  • The main aim of this study was to investigate the physicochemical properties of fish processing waste streams from Atlantic Mackerel (Scomber scombrus) and mixed fish by membrane separation. (
  • More recently, the MGP gene expression was also studied in marine teleost fish where it was found to be associated with chondrocytes, smooth muscle and endothelial cells. (
  • CRTAC1 homolog proteins are conserved from cyanobacteria to man and secreted by the teleost fish pituitary gland. (
  • In the pituitary gland of the teleost fish sea bream Sparus auratus, we have found a transcript with a high degree of sequence identity to CRTAC1 family members but lacking the EGF-like calcium-binding domain encoding sequence of CRTAC1 and designated it as CRTAC2. (
  • Phylogenetic analyses showed that the genes encoding CRTAC1 and CRTAC2 proteins coexist in teleost fish genomes. (
  • This article shows that one of the myofibrillar proteins responsible for changes in muscle plasticity in association with temperature acclimation of carp is myosin, a major protein in the contractile apparatus. (
  • These special proteins irreversibly bind to ice crystals that enter the body, depressing the temperature at which ice will grow below the equilibrium freezing/melting point (eqFMP) of body fluids (approximately −0.7 to −1.0 °C) to a lower nonequilibrium hysteresis freezing point (hFP) ( 1 ⇓ - 3 ). (
  • The new enzymatic process patented by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and MMP concentrates protein by removing the carbohydrates in barley and turning them into an ethanol coproduct, utilizing all the nutrients in the grain. (
  • As a leader in plant extracts, specifically antioxidants, such as Biovin®, PomActiv™ and Broccophane™ , we now provide fully traceable, sustainably fished, quality fish oils and concentrates with naturally high concentrations of DPA. (
  • Several diflerent methods have been devised in order to obtain fish protein concentrates. (
  • Our long-term temperature record of a high-latitude Antarctic fish habitat indicates that summer warming does not overcome AFP-induced superheating to reliably rid fishes of ice. (
  • The main objectives of this work were to study the sites of MGP gene expression and protein accumulation by means of in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. (
  • Cartilage acidic protein 1 (CRTAC1) gene expression is used as a marker for chondrocyte differentiation in stem cell-based tissue engineering. (
  • It's the protein that's healthiest for your body: low in cholesterol, brimming with brain-boosting omega-3 fatty acids and nutrients like riboflavin, iron, and calcium. (
  • Omega-3 fatty acids are found in some plants, like walnuts, but the best sources are fish and seafood. (
  • Previous research has hinted at the benefits fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids may provide asthma sufferers. (
  • Omega-3 fatty acids , found in fish and some plant sources, as part of a heart-healthy diet, can help reduce the risk of heart failure, coronary heart disease, cardiac arrest and the most common type of stroke (ischemic). (
  • Choose fish high in omega-3 fatty acids such as mackerel, lake trout, herring, sardines, albacore tuna and salmon. (
  • Fatty fish like sardines, anchovies, mackerel, lake trout, herring, albacore tuna and salmon are high in two kinds of omega-3 fatty acids , eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). (
  • We are seeking information about how to prevent proteins leave the fish-meat during salting and drying process of the fish. (
  • Fish is one of the best dietary sources of animal protein because it gives you a healthy amount of protein but has less saturated fat than red meat has. (
  • Protein solubility is related to myosin isoforms, muscle fiber types, meat quality traits, and postmortem protein changes in porcine longissimus dorsi muscle," Livestock Science , vol. 127, no. 2-3, pp. 183-191, 2010. (
  • In these years, Norwegians could not obtain much in the way of meat, eggs, or whole milk, and instead began eating more fish, skim milk, and cereals. (
  • When meat and fish are prepared for human consumption, it's important to optimize their production processes and reduce waste. (
  • Traditional meat-based proteins won't be able to feed a hungry planet. (
  • Exploiting edible food waste, including previously discarded co-products from meat and fish processing, is key for sustainable production and consumption. (
  • Why are chicken, fish and beans better for you than red meat? (
  • For people who don't want to eat meat (or much meat), there are many healthy ways to get enough protein. (
  • A one-cup serving of cooked beans, peas, lentils or tofu can replace a 2-ounce serving of meat, poultry or fish. (
  • Non-fried fish and shellfish such as shrimp, crab and lobster are lower in saturated fat and a healthy alternative to many cuts of meat. (
  • Nutrient-dense WholePrey ratios of fresh whole fish (including meat, organs and bones) provide virtually every nutrient your cat needs - only choline, zinc and copper are added. (
  • The product is obtained by treating fish meat with enzymes such as alcalase, chymotrypsin, pepsin or trypsin. (
  • Fatty fish is a good source of protein and doesn't have the high saturated fat that fatty meat products do. (
  • "BlueWave PerfectDigest line utilizes the entire fish, so from a nutrition standpoint we bring the entire amino acid profile into the food product - and we can't be beat from a cost perspective," ​ added Rottmann. (
  • It has a great amino acid profile and confers health benefits (related to both the protein itself and the omega-3 fats) that you just can't find in other proteins. (
  • Cancela ML, Williamson MK, Price PA (1995) Amino-acid sequence of Bone Gla Protein from the African clawed toad Xenopus laevis and the fish Sparus aurata . (
  • The 2138-bp full-length S. aurata osteopontin-like cDNA was shown to encode a 374 amino-acid protein containing domains and motifs characteristic of osteopontins, such as an integrin receptor-binding RGD motif, a negatively charged domain and numerous post-translational modifications (e.g. phosphorylations and glycosylations). (
  • And they don't come with the massive baggage of industrial pork, poultry, and beef, animal proteins that produce tons of waste and pollution, destroy thousands of acres of land, use huge amounts of water, and are often too costly for the world's poorest people. (
  • It aims to produce a scalable model - demonstrating the sustainable generation of protein using waste carbon dioxide, and using that protein to produce fish and poultry feeds. (
  • New studies of cod genes show that as much as 75 per cent of marine proteins can be replaced by plant proteins in feed for farmed Atlantic cod without triggering stress genes. (
  • As the liver plays an important role in protein metabolism, the cod liver was examined to see if there was any evidence of changes in the genes involved in stress and the metabolism of proteins. (
  • The recently developed Sparus aurata (gilthead seabream) osteoblast-like cell line VSa16 was used to construct a cDNA subtractive library aimed at the identification of genes associated with fish tissue mineralization. (
  • The Bmp4 sequences will be concatenated to the sequences for 16S, cytb , CO1 , and tmo4c4 , which have already been sequenced in the prickleback fishes in our lab, and a final tree based on the five genes will be constructed. (
  • Because teleost fishes are the only phylogenetic group where both CRTAC1 and CRTAC2 genes are present, they occupy a pivotal position in studies of the mechanisms governing the specific expression patterns of each gene/protein subfamily. (
  • Dr. Antonio, what's your opinion of different protein sources? (
  • In parallel, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis methodology identified six proteins spots of different protein abundance when comparing unstressed fish with chronically stressed fish in an experimental model that mimicked daily farming activities. (
  • Fish waste samples especially hydrolysed fish waste samples, showed different protein denaturation transition peaks, indicating that enzymatic hydrolysis can affect the thermodynamic and functional properties of protein samples. (
  • The researchers suspect that the accumulation of ice inside the fishes could have adverse physiological consequences, but none have yet been discovered. (
  • Matrix Gla protein (MGP) belongs to the family of vitamin K dependent, Gla containing proteins and, in mammals, birds and Xenopus , its mRNA has been previously detected in bone, cartilage and soft tissue extracts, while the accumulation of the protein was found mainly in calcified tissues. (
  • To date no information is available on the sites of MGP expression or accumulation in cartilaginous fishes that diverged from osteichthyans, a group that includes mammals, over 400 million years ago. (
  • The accumulation of MGP in non mineralized soft tissues was unexpected and suggests differences in localization or regulation of this protein in shark soft tissues compared to tetrapods and teleosts. (
  • ATP depletion is thought to cause accumulation of denatured proteins ( 30 ) and aggregation of constitutive HSP70 that ultimately triggers the heat shock response under non-heat-shock temperatures ( 1 , 2 , 25 ). (
  • At 8°C, the filament velocity was three times higher for myosin from 10°C- than from 30°C-acclimated fish. (
  • Activation energy for actin-activated Mg 2+ -ATPase activity was 0.46 kJ mol -1 in myosin from 10°C-acclimated fish and 0.54 kJ mol -1 in myosin from 30°C-acclimated fish. (
  • The inactivation rate constant ( K D ) of Ca 2+ -ATPase was 7.5×10 -4 s -1 at 30°C for myosin from 10°C-acclimated fish, which was approximately twice that for myosin from 30°C-acclimated fish. (
  • Myosin is the most abundant protein in the contractile apparatus, is essential for the contractile process and has been studied intensively. (
  • Myosin and actin were the two main proteins investigated. (
  • Comparing these findings with results from native gel electrophoresis, the loss of protein bands between 480-720 kDa indicated the onset of myosin denaturation starting at 200 MPa while actin was stable at all pressure loads. (
  • STERLING, CLARENCE 1970-11-01 00:00:00 Soluble myosin and insoluble protein (i. e., soluble only in 5 % sodium dodecyl sulfate) were obtained from fresh and processed Sacramento blackfish and analyzed for the existence of possible cross‐links. (
  • Ester bonds were much more numerous in insoluble protein than in soluble myosin, but their relative content was not clearly related to processing. (
  • Aldehyde groups decreased in myosin after cooking and dehydration, and were absent from insoluble protein. (
  • The presumptive Schiff base content was somewhat greater in soluble protein than in myosin and appeared to increase upon freezing and dehydration. (
  • When I was living in the USA, I used to order from Protein Factory because I liked to customize my high quality protein to maximize the absorption rates, as all protein are not created equal. (
  • Subsequent steps of solids and oil removal through various mechanical separation techniques are required to create a final fish protein fraction with acceptable organoleptic properties for use in human food. (
  • Subsequent receptor phosphorylation mediates displacement of the bound G-protein alpha subunit by arrestin and terminates signaling (By similarity). (
  • Subsequent experiments have demonstrated extensive leakage of nutrients from the protein encapsulated feed during production. (
  • Minimization of odor through the elimination of fat and oil from the protein fraction, as well as separating out the lowest molecular weight protein fractions from the larger fractions all serve to create a refined fish protein. (
  • CSC researchers used SAHA as a molecular bait to capture HDAC and successfully fished out the caught proteins using a bead previously developed at the Center. (
  • We used a drug molecule (SAHA) as the molecular bait that finds HDAC proteins," reveals Dr. Murray. (
  • The molecular bait strategy is one protein labeling method, we believe that the CB system may be compatible with others too. (
  • In this way, molecular structural biology can now examine protein structures and functions much faster. (
  • The constitutive expression of these proteins indicates that, in addition to their protective function, they also have an important role in normal cell functioning, acting as molecular chaperones ( 14 ). (
  • A robust phylogeny is needed for the prickleback fishes because they are a model for understanding the evolution of dietary specialization, ranging from the molecular to whole organism level, in vertebrates. (
  • The FPP end product is now used in a variety of food ingredient applications including sports nutrition, food additives and supplements, all of which depend on the finished fish protein powder produced such that it is hygienically safe and also meets sensory requirements of taste, odor and function in prepared foods. (
  • The final step in producing the product is typically spray drying, which involves atomizing the liquid protein in a hot air chamber resulting in rapid evaporation of the water and a fine powder falling to the bottom of the chamber for removal. (
  • citation needed] The two basic categories used to classify fish protein powders are dependent on the levels of protein, fat, mineral and carbohydrate contained in the powder. (
  • The autolytic hydrolysis segment is expected to register rapid CAGR during forecast period.On the basis of form, Asia Pacific fish protein hydrolysate market is bifurcated into powder and liquid. (
  • It is a brown powder or cake obtained by rendering pressing the whole fish or fish trimmings to remove the fish oil. (
  • Rakuten Global Market: Made from fish collagen powder of marine collagen ihara fisheries development! (
  • It is a dry powder food ingredient that has been separated or isolated from the other components of the soybean, consists of 90 percent protein, less carbohydrate and fat-free. (
  • The production of dried fish protein hydrolysate involves the removal of moisture content, which is a complex step that results in substantial energy requirements, which further adds to the cost.The growing awareness about the benefits of fish protein is anticipated to influence the fish protein hydrolysate market at greater extent. (
  • The overall Asia Pacific fish protein hydrolysate market size has been derived in accordance to both primary and secondary sources.To begin the research process, exhaustive secondary research has been conducted using internal and external sources to obtain qualitative and quantitative information related to the market. (
  • The participants who typically take part in such a process include industry expert such as VPs, business development managers, market intelligence managers, and national sales managers along with external consultants such as valuation experts, research analysts, and key opinion leaders specializing in the fish protein hydrolysate market. (
  • These remarkable drawings by H.L.Todd were done for the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries in the 1880s. (
  • Calling fisheries critical for nourishing the poor and for helping Africa cope with the health, economic and social devastation of problems like HIV and AIDS, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), the WorldFish Center and partners are making an urgent appeal to boost the continent's fish production and strengthen the contribution of fisheries to economic growth and food security. (
  • Also at stake are the livelihoods of more than 10 million African families involved in small-scale fisheries and fish. (
  • The NEPAD-Fish for All Summit, organized in cooperation with the WorldFish Center and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), will highlight the urgent need for fisheries investment to address a suite of problems and to help meet the UN Millennium Development Goals in Africa. (
  • Fish stocks are declining and several fisheries are currently over-exploited and may collapse by mid century. (
  • In 2011, our research group developed a replacement for the existing streptavidin-biotin binding pair, which was used for the separation and purification of proteins, by taking advantage of a strong artificial host-guest interaction pair based on supramolecular chemistry, which was used to capture cell surface proteins with high purification efficiency. (
  • Whether you are looking to extract protein from plants, get more out of animal co-products, address allergenicity or enhance flavor, our enzymatic solutions will help you create new opportunities and meet market demands. (
  • Such NFI's will be developed from forestry, fish and animal co-products that can all be converted in enzymatic bioreactors to high-quality feed ingredients. (
  • However, there is little or no published data on how the enzymes and the enzymatic activity related to novel protein resources might improve the nutritional and physical quality properties of the aquatic feeds. (
  • Autolysis can be considered as an enzymatic method, since it allows the enzymes present in the fish to digest the proteins under specific conditions. (
  • The enzymatic hydrolysis requires the use of expensive enzymes, such as chymotrypsin, pepsin, alcalase, and trypsin, which increases the cost of production.The dried fish protein hydrolysate manufacturing involves a complex process of removal of moisture content and results in substantial energy requirements, which further shoot the production cost. (
  • Structural and thermodynamic changes in fish waste samples were also determined by FT-Raman spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and small deformation rheology respectively. (
  • As new sources of protein, information regarding their nutritional value and effects on pig performance are limited. (
  • The objective of this work was to determine the apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of crude protein, crude energy, fat, and dry matter of fish protein hydrolysate (FPH), made of by-products of Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus ) and whole sardines ( Cetengraulis edentulus ), and to evaluate the productive performance and muscle fiber growth of Nile tilapia post-larvae. (
  • Interestingly, although protein levels increased with incorporation of SFP, the digestibility values of the protein decreased from 86.41% for the control pasta to 81.95% for 20% SFP pasta. (
  • This may indicate that there are interactions between phenols and protein in the pasta samples which affect overall protein digestibility levels. (
  • It is important that the fish larvae ingest, digest and absorb the nutrients they need. (
  • Nutrients can leak out from the pellets when they are in the water and before they are eaten by the fish. (
  • The agglomerated feed showed the largest leakage of nutrients, followed by the heat-coagulated and the protein encapsulated feeds. (
  • The ingredient must be safe for fish and humans and without anti-nutrients or toxins. (
  • These residuals contain proteins and other essential nutrients with potentially bioactive properties, eligible for recycling and upgrading for higher-value products, e.g. for human, pet food and feed purposes. (
  • Because the water in an aquaponics system is rich in nutrients, it is well suited to also grow duckweed which is 30% to 40% rich in protein providing the water is undisturbed and slightly shaded. (
  • Increasing protein intake can make you healthier and even contribute to weight loss if the additional protein replaces refined carbohydrates in your diet and you cut your overall calorie intake, the Harvard School of Public Health reports. (
  • Before adding eggs to your diet to help boost your protein intake, check with your doctor if you are at risk for or are being treated for high cholesterol. (
  • If you eat a lot of dairy products to help meet your protein needs, choose low-fat offerings when possible because of the added health benefit of a lower fat intake, MedlinePlus advises. (
  • Consumers all over the world want to eat healthy, and more and more people are paying attention to their protein intake. (
  • Increased dietary long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCn-3PUFA) intake stimulates muscle protein anabolism in individuals who experience muscle loss due to aging or cancer cachexia. (
  • The FAO estimates that fresh, dried, salted or powdered fish provides 22 per cent of the protein intake in the region. (
  • The protein intake was estimated to be 130 g/pig/day. (
  • It was demonstrated that fish waste water protein hydrolysate especially for Atlantic Mackerel showed good antioxidant activities by the Ferric Thiocyanate (FTC) and Thiobarbituric acid Reactive substances (TBARS) methods and compared well with other antioxidants (BHA, ascorbic acid and trolox). (
  • Juan says the driver towards plant proteins won't only be population growth, but also changing behavior and consumer awareness, as consumers start to realize the health and environmental benefits of plant proteins. (
  • Previous studies carried out by the National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES) indicate that cod can consume a feed consisting of up to 75 per cent plant protein without any significant reduction in the growth. (
  • Whether this has any significance for growth and protein metabolism in a prolonged life periodis a matter that requires further study, says Mr Lie. (
  • Mr Lie chose to focus on the cod group that had been given 75 per cent plant protein as they did not show reduced growth. (
  • The cod that were given 100 per cent plant protein showed reduced growth and were therefore not suitable for more in depth studies to establish whether cod react to stress before the stress reduces their growth. (
  • For the evaluation of muscle growth, eight fish of each experimental unit were used. (
  • Growth of the global fish farming sector and hence the fish feed industry has raised concerns about its environmental impacts. (
  • The abundance of stabilised vitamin C found in astaxanthin strengthens the immune system and supports general growth of fish. (
  • Thanks to a unique and well thought through selection of elements, this food meets energy demands entirely and beneficially influences an appropriate growth of fish. (
  • The market growth is triggered by various product benefits such as improving intestinal function, morphology and disease resistance in calves, chickens, pigs and fish. (
  • Canada Feed Regulations, 1983, SOR/83-593, Schedule IV, Class 5 which state that condensed and dehydrated fish protein hydrolysate must be free from undigested solids, bones and scales may hamper the market growth. (
  • The country has the largest population in APAC, leading to increasing demands for food &beverages, cosmetics and personal care products, which, in turn, would contribute to the growth of its fish protein industry.The low manufacturing and capital costs in China attract new investments in the food & beverages industry of the country, providing better opportunities to the players in this industry. (
  • When fish are fed to satiation, exercise produces improved growth and feed conversion ratios. (
  • The consumer's awareness on sustainability and food safety puts pressure on the aquaculture industry to document that the production of farmed fish is safe and environmentally sustainable. (
  • Africa has massive untapped aquaculture potential that can yield affordable protein and nutrient-rich food together with jobs and economic opportunities. (
  • The Center's call for investment in small-scale aquaculture in Africa comes amid concern over falling fish supplies on the continent, where more than one-third of the population is undernourished. (
  • Dr. Dugan notes that aquaculture, which has grown explosively in other regions, now provides 38% of fish production worldwide but less than 2% in sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, however, aquaculture is currently so sparsely developed that an estimated 260% expansion in fish production from aquaculture there is needed by 2020 to maintain per capita consumption levels. (
  • Polly Douglas, aquaculture innovation manager at SAIC, added: "REACT-FIRST is a highly innovative way of turning the CO 2 produced by another process into a key component of our food chain, providing a sustainable source of feed for fish. (
  • Richard P. Phipps, Ph.D., and lead author of the study from the University of Rochester , and his lab had found in previous studies that the fatty acids found in fish could help regulate the function of certain immune cells known as "B cells. (
  • With four years PhD research the Norwegian Centre for Feed Technology at the NMBU will try to characterise how the utilisation of enzymes in pre-processing, extrusion and pelleting, might influence the shelf life of NFIs' high quality fatty acids and proteins. (
  • Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFAs) are abundantly found in fish oil, and are both highly lipolytic (i.e. they burn fat) as well as highly anabolic (i.e. they build muscle). (
  • Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids augment the muscle protein anabolic response to hyperaminoacidemia-hyperinsulinemia in healthy young and middle aged men and women. (
  • According to some nutrition gurus, the body absorbs amino acids from proteins or protein preparations better if the blood contains fewer fatty acids. (
  • And in the lower figure you can see that the fatty acids did nothing to prevent the muscle cells from making new protein. (
  • Biofloc quality was independent of the quality of feed applied and contained more than 50% crude protein, 2.5% crude lipid, 4% fibre, 7% ash and 22 kJ g(-1) energy on dry matter basis. (
  • Superheated ice was directly observed in notothenioid serum samples and in solutions of purified AFPs, and ice was found to persist inside live fishes at temperatures more than 1 °C above their eqFMP for at least 24 h, and at a lower temperature for at least several days. (
  • It is considerably better at depressing freezing temperature than most fish AFPs. (
  • Omega Protein's marine product lines are sourced from menhaden, an Omega-3 rich fish harvested along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. (
  • The fish processing waste protein hydrolysate can be a potential solution for minimizing the environmental issues related to marine processing products, and act as an alternative to producing value added fish processing by products. (
  • It's the one animal protein that's rarely mentioned in the endless reports about big agriculture and hunger crises. (
  • Enzymes are a natural way to help create savory flavors from your plant, yeast or animal protein source. (
  • Each batch is crafted in our own kitchens with real, high-quality animal protein, and absolutely no soy or grains--ever. (
  • Polar fish, such as northern cod, express glycoproteins that are rich in the TFD antigen. (
  • The TFD (Thomsen-Friedenreich disaccharide) antigen in the fish protein is hidden in normal human cells but is exposed on the surface of cancer cells and is believed to play a key role in how cancer spreads. (
  • Using animal models, the researchers found that TFD100 binds to galectin-3, a protein that is overexpressed in prostate cancer cells, and blocks its interaction with the TFD antigen found on the surface of the cells. (
  • The second cluster contained 79 proteins related to antigen presentation and protein ubiquitination pathways. (
  • Liver samples were taken from cod that had been given feed containing 75 per cent plant protein. (
  • Inhibition of proteins involved in disease is an important strategy in the development of a drug. (
  • This study demonstrates that a reduction in the cellular energy status will not induce stress protein gene transcription in rainbow trout red blood cells and may, in fact, limit induction during extreme metabolic inhibition. (
  • The new high-protein product produced by this technology should help fill the gap for more plant-based protein sources as alternatives to fishmeal, which is made from small ocean fish, according to fish physiologist Rick Barrows , with the ARS Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research Unit in Aberdeen, Idaho. (
  • More plant-based protein options, better use of food waste and healthy fast food are emerging trends. (
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