The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.
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Urinary Incontinence, Urge
Friend murine leukemia virus
Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
Encyclopedias as Topic
School Health Services
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Interviews as Topic
An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)
Water traffic accidents, drowning and alcohol in Finland, 1969-1995. (1/3922)OBJECTIVE: To examine age- and sex-specific mortality rates and trends in water traffic accidents (WTA), and their association with alcohol, in Finland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: National mortality and population data from Finland, 1969-1995, are used to analyse rates and trends. The mortality rates are calculated on the basis of population, per 100000 inhabitants in each age group (<1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-44, 45-64, > or = 65), and analysed by sex and age. The Poisson regression model and chi2 test for trend (EGRET and StatXact softwares) are used to analyse time trends. RESULTS: From 1969 through 1995 there were 3473 (2.7/100000/year; M:F= 20.4:1) WTA-related deaths among Finns of all ages. In 94.7% of the cases the cause of death was drowning. Alcohol intoxication was a contributing cause of death in 63.0% of the fatalities. During the study period the overall WTA mortality rates declined significantly (-4% per year; P < 0.001). This decline was observed in all age groups except > or = 65 year olds. The overall mortality rates in WTA associated with alcohol intoxication (1987-1995) also declined significantly (-6%; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In Finland, mortality rates in WTA are exceptionally high. Despite a marked decline in most age groups, the high mortality in WTA nevertheless remains a preventable cause of death. Preventive countermeasures targeted specifically to adult males, to the reduction of alcohol consumption in aquatic settings and to the use of personal safety devices should receive priority. (+info)
Ethical issues among Finnish occupational physicians and nurses. (2/3922)A postal survey was conducted among 200 Finnish occupational physicians and nurses on their ethical values and problems. Both groups considered 'expertise' and 'confidentiality' as the most important core values of occupational health services (OHS) corresponding with newly published national ethical guidelines for occupational physicians and nurses in Finland. Nearly all respondents had encountered ethically problematic situations in their work, but ethical problems with gene testing in the near future were not considered likely to occur. Only 41% of the nurses and 36% of the physicians had received some training in the ethics of OHS, and 76% of all respondents never used available ethical guidelines. According to the results, even if ethics play a vital role in OHS, the ability to critically evaluate one's own performance seems quite limited. This creates a need for further training and more practicable national guidelines. (+info)
Increase in paediatric acute otitis media diagnosed by primary care in two Finnish municipalities--1994-5 versus 1978-9. (3/3922)In recent decades, several epidemiological studies have been published on acute otitis media (AOM), indicating that the occurrence of AOM is increasing. However, the comparison between the surveys is complicated and biased by several factors, e.g. variable study demography and design and dissimilar diagnostic criteria. The present study was performed with an identical set-up in 1978-9 and 1994-5 to find out potential changes in the occurrence of AOM. All the attacks of AOM among children under 10 years diagnosed by a physician during the 12-month periods 1 June, 1978 to 31 May 1979 and 1 June 1994 to 31 May 1995 were registered retrospectively in two Finnish municipalities. The incidence rate (total number of AOM attacks per 100 child years) was 19 (95% CI 18-21) in 1978-9 and 32 (95% CI 30-34) in 1994-5. The increase in the occurrence of AOM was 68% (95% CI 53-79%, P < 0001). (+info)
Type 2 diabetes: evidence for linkage on chromosome 20 in 716 Finnish affected sib pairs. (4/3922)We are conducting a genome scan at an average resolution of 10 centimorgans (cM) for type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes in 716 affected sib pairs from 477 Finnish families. To date, our best evidence for linkage is on chromosome 20 with potentially separable peaks located on both the long and short arms. The unweighted multipoint maximum logarithm of odds score (MLS) was 3.08 on 20p (location, chi = 19.5 cM) under an additive model, whereas the weighted MLS was 2.06 on 20q (chi = 57 cM, recurrence risk,lambda(s) = 1. 25, P = 0.009). Weighted logarithm of odds scores of 2.00 (chi = 69.5 cM, P = 0.010) and 1.92 (chi = 18.5 cM, P = 0.013) were also observed. Ordered subset analyses based on sibships with extreme mean values of diabetes-related quantitative traits yielded sets of families who contributed disproportionately to the peaks. Two-hour glucose levels in offspring of diabetic individuals gave a MLS of 2. 12 (P = 0.0018) at 9.5 cM. Evidence from this and other studies suggests at least two diabetes-susceptibility genes on chromosome 20. We have also screened the gene for maturity-onset diabetes of the young 1, hepatic nuclear factor 4-a (HNF-4alpha) in 64 affected sibships with evidence for high chromosomal sharing at its location on chromosome 20q. We found no evidence that sequence changes in this gene accounted for the linkage results we observed. (+info)
Fine particulate air pollution, resuspended road dust and respiratory health among symptomatic children. (5/3922)The short-term association of particulate air pollution with peak expiratory flow rate (PEF) and respiratory symptoms was examined. Forty-nine children with chronic respiratory symptoms aged 8-13 yrs were followed daily for six weeks in spring, 1995, in Kuopio, Finland. Daily concentrations of particulate material with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 microm and < or = 2.5 microm (PM10 and PM2.5, respectively), black carbon, and the number concentrations of particles from 0.01-10 microm diameter were measured. During the study period, PM10 were mainly resuspended soil and street dust, and the concentration was estimated using aluminum content of PM10 samples. No consistent effect of particles was found as the associations varied by lag. Of the lags examined, only 1-day lagged PM2.5 was statistically significantly associated with morning PEF (beta=-1.06, SE=0.52 (per interquartile increase in pollutant)). Evening PEF was significantly associated with the 1-day lagged number of particles in the size range 0.1-1.0 microm (beta=-1.56, SE=0.72). One-day lagged PM10, PM2.5-10, PM2.5 and resuspended PM10, and 4-day average of PM2.5 were significantly associated with increased risk of cough. Given the short duration of the study, separating the effects of different types of particles was difficult. The present study demonstrates the highly variable size and number distribution and chemical composition of particles in Finland, and underlines the importance of measuring the size and chemical composition of particles to determine which types of particles are associated with health effects. (+info)
An epidemiological study of lung cancer: history and histological types in a general population in northern Finland. (6/3922)A prospective epidemiological study was conducted to assess the incidence, diagnosis, histology and surgical treatment of lung cancer in northern Finland. The results were compared with those obtained in a similar survey 20 yrs earlier. Most of the patients with a suspected lung tumour were interviewed (72%) and the information was combined with that obtained from the national cancer registry. All pathological specimens were re-evaluated by a pathologist. A total of 602 new lung cancer cases (85% male, 15% female) were diagnosed during the years 1990-1992, the annual incidence per 100,000 being 63 for males and 9.5 for females. The number not reported to the Finnish Cancer Registry was low (<1%). Lung cancer was confirmed histologically in 381 cases (63%) and in addition cytologically in 135 cases (23%). Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common histological type (40%), the proportion of adenocarcinoma being 26%, small cell carcinoma 24% and large cell carcinoma 4%. The incidence of lung cancer had decreased significantly among males (from 87 to 63 per 100,000) compared with 20 yrs earlier but had increased among females (from 4.1 to 9.5), chiefly on account of adenocarcinoma. The findings of this prospective study show an increase in the incidence of lung adenocarcinoma among females, a histological type which is less closely related to smoking than the other cancers. This suggests that other risk factors may play an increasing role in the aetiology of lung cancer. (+info)
Sex, age, cardiovascular risk factors, and coronary heart disease: a prospective follow-up study of 14 786 middle-aged men and women in Finland. (7/3922)BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is markedly more common in men than in women. In both sexes, CHD risk increases with age, but the increase is sharper in women. We analyzed the extent to which major cardiovascular risk factors can explain the sex difference and the age-related increase in CHD risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study cohort consists of 14 786 Finnish men and women 25 to 64 years old at baseline. The following cardiovascular risk factors were determined: smoking, serum total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index, and diabetes. Risk factor measurements were done in 1982 or 1987, and the cohorts were followed up until the end of 1994. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the relation between risk factors and CHD risk. CHD incidence in men compared with women was approximately 3 times higher and mortality was approximately 5 times higher. Most of the risk factors were more favorable in women, but the sex difference in risk factor levels diminished with increasing age. Differences in risk factors between sexes, particularly in HDL cholesterol and smoking, explained nearly half of the difference in CHD risk between men and women. Differences in serum total cholesterol level, blood pressure, body mass index, and diabetes prevalence explained about one-third of the age-related increase in CHD risk among men and 50% to 60% among women. CONCLUSIONS: Differences in major cardiovascular risk factors explained a substantial part of the sex difference in CHD risk. An increase in risk factor levels was associated with the age-related increase in CHD incidence and mortality in both sexes but to a larger extent in women. (+info)
Effects of 2 low-fat stanol ester-containing margarines on serum cholesterol concentrations as part of a low-fat diet in hypercholesterolemic subjects. (8/3922)BACKGROUND: Full-fat sitostanol ester-containing margarine reduces serum total and LDL cholesterol, but the effect of plant stanol ester-containing margarine as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the cholesterol-lowering effects of 2 novel, low-fat stanol ester-containing margarines as part of a low-fat diet recommended for hypercholesterolemic subjects. DESIGN: In a parallel, double-blind study, 55 hypercholesterolemic subjects were randomly assigned after a 4-wk high-fat diet (baseline) to 3 low-fat margarine groups: wood stanol ester-containing margarine (WSEM), vegetable oil stanol ester-containing margarine (VOSEM), and control margarine (no stanol esters). The groups consumed the margarines for 8 wk as part of a diet resembling that of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Step II diet. The daily mean total stanol intake was 2.31 and 2.16 g in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively. RESULTS: During the experimental period, the reduction in serum total cholesterol was 10.6% (P < 0.001) and 8.1% (P < 0.05) greater and in LDL cholesterol was 13.7% (P < 0.01) and 8.6% (P = 0.072) greater in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively, than in the control group. Serum campesterol concentrations decreased 34.5% and 41.3% (P < 0.001) in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively. Serum HDL cholesterol, sitostanol, campestanol, beta-carotene, and fat-soluble vitamin concentrations did not change significantly from baseline. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the low-fat, plant stanol ester-containing margarines are effective cholesterol-lowering products in hypercholesterolemic subjects when used as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet. They offer an additional, clinically significant reduction in serum cholesterol concentrations to that obtained with a low-fat diet alone. (+info)
Intake of different dietary proteins and risk of type 2 diabetes in men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study -...
The roles of different dietary proteins in the aetiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remain unclear. We investigated the associations of dietary proteins with the risk of incident T2D in Finnish men from the prospective Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. The study included 2332 men aged 42-60 years at the baseline examinations in 1984-1989. Protein intakes were calculated from 4-d dietary records. Incident T2D was determined by self-administered questionnaires, fasting blood glucose measurements, 2-h oral glucose tolerance tests, and with national registers. The multivariable-adjusted risk of T2D on the basis of protein intakes was compared by the Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR). During the mean follow-up of 19·3 years, 432 incident T2D cases were identified. Total, animal, meat or dairy product protein intakes were not associated with risk of T2D when the potential confounders were accounted for. Plant (multivariable-adjusted extreme-quartile HR 0·65; 95 % CI 0·42, 1·00; P ...
Lifetime use of psychiatric medications and cognition at 43 years of age in schizophrenia in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort...
Lifetime use of psychiatric medications and cognition at 43 years of age in schizophrenia in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 - Volume 45
Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) | Fatty Acids & Outcomes Research Consortium (FORCE)
Site content is Copyright © 2016 - 2019, Tufts University. Site developed by the Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy. ...
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Mechanisms Underlying Psychosocial Associations With Ischemic Heart Disease (Kuopio) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
BACKGROUND:. Considerable interest and controversy exist concerning the role of psychosocial factors in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. Studies of the prevalence, incidence, and mortality from ischemic heart disease have implicated socioeconomic status, job strain, Type A behavior, hostility, social support, and other variables.. The study used baseline data previously collected as part of the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study conducted in eastern Finland by the Research Institute of Public Health and the Research Institute of Exercise Medicine, both in Kuopio, and the Finnish National Public Health Institute in Helsinki. The area of eastern Finland lies within the area of greatest morbidity and mortality from ischemic heart disease in Finland, was part of the reference area for the evaluation of the North Karelia Project, and is part of the World Health Organization MONICA project.. DESIGN NARRATIVE:. The study was longitudinal in design. Physical examinations were ...
Vitamin C deficiency and risk of myocardial infarction: prospective population study of men from eastern Finland | The BMJ
The Kuopio ischaemic heart disease risk factor study is a population study designed to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, and related outcomes in men from eastern Finland.18 The baseline examinations were carried out between March 1984 and December 1989. The study sample included 3235 eligible men aged 42, 48, 54, or 60 at the baseline examination; 2682 (82.9%) participated. Men with symptomatic coronary heart disease (n = 92) or ischaemia on maximal exercise testing (n = 359),19 or both (n = 585), were excluded from the current analyses. Of the remaining 1646 men, 1605 had data on plasma ascorbate concentration at baseline.. The examination protocol and measurements have been described.10 11 12 13 Plasma ascorbate concentrations were determined by a chromatographic method in deep frozen samples, which were stabilised in 5% metaphosphoric acid immediately after sampling.20 The coefficient of variation between 12 batches was 7.2%.20. Plasma ascorbate ...
Noncommunicable diseases (NCD), also known as chronic diseases, disease groups such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, and age-related cognitive decline. They are the major cause of all deaths globally, increasing rapidly in many middle- and low income countries. They also carry an enormous economic burden worldwide. The Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition at the University of Eastern Finland is internationally well known for its top quality cardiovascular research dating back to 1970s. The world famous North Karelia Project was launched here in 1972. More recently, our flagship international public health research has been the KIHD Study (Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study), which, despite its name, does not focus only on cardiovascular diseases. With the use of vast KIHD data and linkages to comprehensive national health registries, we are able to examine a wide range of potential risk factors and complex paths of various ...
Fish derived serum omega-3 fatty acids help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
The sources of these fatty acids are fish and fish oils.. Type 2 diabetes is becoming increasingly widespread throughout the world, including Finland. Overweight is the most significant risk factor, which means that diet and other lifestyle factors play important roles in the development of type 2 diabetes. Earlier research has established that weight management, exercise and high serum linoleic acid concentrations, among other things, are associated with reduced risk of diabetes. However, findings on how fish consumption or long-chain omega-3 fatty acids affect the risk of diabetes have been highly contradictory. A protective link has mainly been observed in Asian populations, whereas a similar link has not been observed in European or US studies - and some studies have even linked a high consumption of fish to increased diabetes risk.. Ongoing at the University of Eastern Finland, the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) determined the serum omega-3 fatty acid concentrations ...
Serum polyunsaturated fatty acids are not associated with the risk of severe depression in middle-aged Finnish men: Kuopio...
We did not find evidence that serum n - 3 PUFA concentration or n - 6/n - 3 ratio would be associated with risk of severe depression in middle-aged Finnish men.
University | University of Eastern Finland
Jari Jolkkonen, ThD, is the Bishop of Kuopio Diocese. His earlier roles include General Secretary of the Episcopal Conference in 2007-2012, Lecturer of Systematic Theology at the University of Joensuu in 2006-2007, Theological Secretary to Bishop Eero Huovinen in the Helsinki Chapter in 2002-2006 and 1997-1998, and Military Chaplain in 1999-2000. Jolkkonen is a docent at the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Helsinki, a member of the Advisory Board of the University of Eastern Finland, and a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.. Jukka Pelkonen, MD, PhD, is Professor of Clinical Microbiology. His earlier positions include the Head of the School of Medicine of the University of Eastern Finland in 2010-2017, and he has served as a Vice Dean at the University of Kuopio in 2003-2005, and as a Dean in 2006-2009. Jukka Pelkonen has administrative experience also from outside the academia, as he has been a board member of the Hospital District of Northern Savo since ...
Finland People | Women Stats: NationMaster.com
Finland Women Stats, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women. Finland Women Stats, NationMaster. 2000-2002. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women,.. Finland Women Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women, [assessed 2000-2002]. Finland Women Stats, NationMaster [Internet]. 2000-2002. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women,.. Finland Women Stats, NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 2000-2002.. Finland Women Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women (assessed 2000-2002). Finland Women Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women (last visited 2000-2002). Finland Women Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women (as of ...
Finland Health | Deaths Stats: NationMaster.com
Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Health/Deaths. Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster. 1948-2012. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Health/Deaths,.. Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Health/Deaths, [assessed 1948-2012]. Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster [Internet]. 1948-2012. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Health/Deaths,.. Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1948-2012.. Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Health/Deaths (assessed 1948-2012). Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Health/Deaths (last visited 1948-2012). Finland Deaths Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Health/Deaths (as ...
Telomere length and physical performance among older people - the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Telomere length and physical performance among older people - the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study. AU - Åström, Max J.. AU - von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B.. AU - Perälä, Mia-Maria. AU - Salonen, Minna K.. AU - Rantanen, Taina. AU - Kajantie, Eero. AU - Simonen, Mika. AU - Pohjolainen, Pertti. AU - Haapanen, Markus J.. AU - Guzzardi, Maria A.. AU - Iozzo, Patricia. AU - Kautiainen, Hannu. AU - Eriksson, Johan G.. PY - 2019/10. Y1 - 2019/10. KW - 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health. KW - Biomarkers. KW - Physical function. KW - Aging. KW - Epidemiology. KW - Biomarkers. KW - Physical function. KW - Aging. KW - Epidemiology. KW - MORTALITY. KW - ASSOCIATION. KW - FRAILTY. KW - BIOMARKERS. KW - DISABILITY. KW - CAPABILITY. KW - FITNESS. KW - MARKERS. KW - HEALTH. KW - BLOOD. U2 - 10.1016/j.mad.2019.111145. DO - 10.1016/j.mad.2019.111145. M3 - Article. VL - 183. JO - Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. JF - Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. SN - ...
Genomic, Transcriptomic, and Lipidomic Profiling Highlights the Role of Inflammation in Individuals With Low High-density...
From the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, FIMM, University of Helsinki, Finland (P-P.L., I.S., A-P.S., J.K., A.P., S.R.); Public Health Genomics Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland (P-P.L., I.S., A-P.S., J.N., J.K., J.S., C.E., M.J., S.R.); Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland (P-P.L., A.P.); VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, FIN-02044 VTT, Finland (L.Y., T.H., J.T., M.O.); Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland (S.S., M-R.T.); Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom (M-R.J.); Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland (O.T.R.); Clinical Physiology, University of Turku, and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland (O.T.R.); Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, ...
Association of Serum C-Reactive Protein Level with Sex-Specific Type 2 Diabetes Risk: A Prospective Finnish Study
We ascertained incident cases of diabetes from the National Hospital Discharge Register and the National Social Insurance Institutions Drug Register (17, 18, 23, 24, 25). These register data were linked to the risk factor survey data with the unique personal identification numbers assigned to every resident of Finland. Antidiabetic drugs prescribed by a physician are free of charge in Finland, subject to approval of the application to the Social Insurance Institution with a case history prepared by the treating physician attached. The diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed on the basis of the World Health Organization criteria: one or more classical symptom plus a fasting plasma glucose level of 7.0 mmol/liter or more, or the oral glucose tolerance test of 11.1 mmol/liter or more; at least one increased plasma glucose concentration and a fasting plasma glucose level of 7.0 mmol/liter or more, or the oral glucose tolerance test of 11.1 mmol/liter or more in the absence of symptoms; or treatment with ...
The geology of the Proterozoic Haveri Au-Cu deposit, Southern Finland - OpenThesis
The Haveri Au-Cu deposit is located in southern Finland about 175 km north of Helsinki. It occurs on the northern edge of the continental island arc-type, volcano-sedimentary Tampere Schist Belt (TSB) within the Palaeoproterozoic Svecofennian Domain (2.0 - 1.75 Ga) of the Fennoscandian Shield. The 1.99 Ga Haveri Formation forms the base of the supracrustal stratigraphy consisting of metavolcanic pillow lavas and breccias passing upwards into intercalated metatuffs and metatuffites. There is a continuous gradation upwards from the predominantly volcaniclastic Haveri Formation into the overlying epiclastic meta-greywackes of the Osara Formation. The Haveri deposit is hosted in this contact zone. This supracrustal sequence has been intruded concordantly by quartz-feldspar porphyries.. Approximately 1.89 Ga ago, high crustal heat flow led to the generation and emplacement of voluminous synkinematic, I-type, magnetite-series granitoids of the Central Finland Granitoid Complex (CFGC), resulting in ...
Northern Finland Cohorts
Northern Finland Cohorts comprise collections of data and biological samples from large population studies that are administrated by the Northern Finland Birth Cohorts Project Center at the Medical
Early Life Factors and Blood Pressure at Age 31 Years in the 1966 Northern Finland Birth Cohort | Hypertension
This study is the first to analyze a comprehensive range of maternal, birth, and childhood measures in relation to adult BP from a large well-characterized general population-based cohort studied since early pregnancy. Our main findings were that (1) the association between birth weight and SBP was inverse-linear, particularly for males, with or without adjustment for current BMI; (2) the association for DBP was inverse but weaker than for SBP; (3) other birth variables (gestational age, birth length, ponderal index, BW-GA) showed a similar pattern with BP, although less consistent than birth weight; (4) among females, the inverse association between gestational age and BP was stronger than that for birth weight; (5) infant change-up growth associated positively with BP; and (6) association of some early life factors (gestational age, ponderal index) with BP seems to be stronger in leaner adults.. A meta-analysis by Huxley et al22 of 82 studies with data on birth weight and BP concluded that ...
Association between ADHD symptoms and adolescents psychosocial well-being: a study of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986
The adolescents with ADHD symptoms considered their psychosocial well-being to be poorer than those without ADHD symptoms. In clinical work, it is essential to recognize the most impaired adolescents who need special attention and support at school as well as in their social interactions with their …
Association of erosive tooth wear and dental caries in Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 - an epidemiological cross-sectional...
COVID-19 Hospital Needs and Death Projections: IHME is producing and regularly updating projections of hospital bed use, need for intensive care beds, ventilator use, and deaths due to COVID-19 based on projected deaths for all 50 U.S. states. Access current projections.. ...
From the Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research Unit (PHORU), School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio; Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki; Unit of Primary Health Care, Turku University Hospital, Turku; Department of Internal Medicine, Centre for Rheumatic Diseases, Tampere University Hospital; School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere; South-Karelia Central Hospital, Lappeenranta, Finland. Supported by a grant from the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation (grant number 6575). J.A. Martikainen, PhD, Associate Professor, PHORU, School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland; H. Kautiainen, BSc, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, and Unit of Primary Health Care, Turku University Hospital; V. Rantalaiho, MD, PhD, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre for Rheumatic Diseases, Tampere University Hospital, and School of ...
The metabolome in finnish carriers of the MYBPC3-Q1061X mutation for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The metabolome in finnish carriers of the MYBPC3-Q1061X mutation for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. AU - Jørgenrud, Benedicte. AU - Jalanko, Mikko. AU - Heliö, Tiina. AU - Jääskeläinen, Pertti. AU - Laine, Mika. AU - Hilvo, Mika. AU - Nieminen, Markku S.. AU - Laakso, Markku. AU - Hyötyläinen, Tuulia. AU - Oresic, Matej. AU - Kuusisto, Johanna. N1 - CO:U Hormone Laboratory, Aker Hospital, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway CO:U Division of Women and Childrens Health, Department of Pediatric Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway CO:K Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Helsinki, Finland CO:K Kuopio University Hospital, Heart Center, Kuopio, Finland CO:K University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio University Hospital, Department of Medicine, Kuopio, Finland CO:U Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark CA2: BA3112 CA2: BA116 AU2: Hilvo, Mika AU2: Hyötyläinen, Tuulia AU2: Oresic, Matej ISI: MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES. PY - 2015. Y1 - ...
in Helsinki, SOUTHERN FINLAND - Helsinki, - MapQuest
Find the best around Helsinki,SOUTHERN FINLAND and get detailed driving directions with road conditions, live traffic updates, and reviews of local business along the way.
Statistics Finland - Greenhouse gases 2010
In 2010, Finlands greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 74.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2 eq.). They rose by a total of 8.5 million carbon dioxide tonnes from the year before, exceeding the commitment level of the Kyoto Protocol by around five per cent. The data are based on the preliminary estimate to be submitted by Statistics Finland to the European Commission on 15 January 2012 concerning emissions in 2010.. In the energy sector, emissions increased by 15 per cent from the previous year. Emissions from industrial processes rose by eight per cent. Emissions from agriculture and use of solvents and other products also increased slightly. Emissions in the waste sector remained unchanged. Net sinks in the Land use, Land-use Change and Forestry sector (LULUCF) dropped by 40 per cent mainly because of increased fellings.. Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in Finland 1990-2010. ...
AdultFriendFinder: Free Sex Dating in Teuroinen, Province of Southern Finland
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Aging, cognitive ability and the risk of dementia in the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study - University of Helsinki
TY - THES. T1 - Aging, cognitive ability and the risk of dementia in the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study. AU - Rantalainen, Ville. PY - 2019/3/22. Y1 - 2019/3/22. KW - 515 Psychology. M3 - Doctoral Thesis. SN - 978-951-51-4797-4. PB - University of Helsinki. CY - Helsinki. ER - ...
Early Life Risk Factors for Incident Atrial Fibrillation in the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study - Lunds universitet
BACKGROUND: Early life risk factors are associated with cardiometabolic disease, but have not been fully studied in atrial fibrillation (AF). There are discordant results from existing studies of birth weight and AF, and the impact of maternal body size, gestational age, placental size, and birth length is unknown.. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Helsinki Birth Cohort Study includes 13 345 people born as singletons in Helsinki in the years 1934-1944. Follow-up was through national registries, and ended on December 31, 2013, with 907 incident cases. Cox regression analyses stratified on year of birth were constructed for perinatal variables and incident AF, adjusting for offspring sex, gestational age, and socioeconomic status at birth. There was a significant U-shaped association between birth weight and AF (P for quadratic term=0.01). The lowest risk of AF was found among those with a birth weight of 3.4 kg (3.8 kg for women [85th percentile] and 3.0 kg for men [17th percentile]). High maternal body ...
Statistics Finland - 20th Voorburg Group Meeting on Service Statistics
The 20th Voorburg Group Meeting on Service Statistics will be held in Helsinki, Finland. The meeting will be hosted by Statistics Finland from Monday 26th September to Friday 30th September 2005. The main topics to be discussed will be producer prices indexes in services, measurement of turnover of services and classifications of service activities and products. The meeting language will be English.. ...
Statistics Finland - Polytechnic education 2010
According to Statistics Finland, a total of 21,900 polytechnic degrees were attained in Finland in 2010. This is 4 per cent more than in the year before. The numbers of degrees were highest in the fields of welfare, health and physical exercise as well as in technology and transport. The proportion of women of polytechnic degrees was 63 per cent. Higher polytechnic degrees were obtained by 1,253 students, of whom 64 per cent were women.. Polytechnic degrees by region 2010. ...
Thursday 16:00 Perfusion: Contrast Agent Based Methods
16:36 527. Determination of Cerebral Blood Volume and Mean Transit Time by Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR Imaging in Patients with Acute Stroke: A Comparison of Four Post Processing Methods, J. Perki , H.J. Aronen, J. Karonen, Y. Liu, S. Savolainen and L. stergaard, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland; Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland and Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. ...
Statistics Finland - Public sector R&D expenditure in 2000-2003
ISSN=2342-6721. 2003, Public sector R&D expenditure by sector in 2000-2003 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 20.9.2020 ...
Mothers weight in pregnancy and coronary heart disease in a cohort of finnish men: follow up study | The BMJ
The birth records at Helsinki University Central Hospital contain data on the mothers as well as their newborn babies. Data on the mothers include age, parity, height, and date of the last menstrual period, together with body weight measured on admission in labour. Height was recorded to the nearest 0.5 cm and weight to the nearest 0.5 kg. Data on the newborn babies include birth weight, placental weight, length, and head circumference. Birth weight and placental weight were rounded to the nearest 5 g and length and head circumference to the nearest 0.5 cm. Birth weight was recorded for all 2785 term babies, born after 37 completed weeks of gestation, on which most of our analyses are based. Placental weight was recorded for 2784, length for 2772, head circumference for 2781, mothers height for 2626, and mothers weight for 2610.. We studied a sample of men who were born at the hospital between 1924 and 1933, went to school in the city of Helsinki, and were still resident in Finland in 1971. ...
OSA | Significance of tissue anisotropy in optical tomography of the infant brain
Juha Heiskala,1 Tuomas Neuvonen,1 P. Ellen Grant,2 and Ilkka Nissilä3 1J. Heiskala ([email protected]) is with the BioMag Laboratory and T. Neuvonen is with the Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 340, HUS, FIN-00029, Helsinki, Finland. J. Heiskala and T. Neuvonen are also with the Helsinki Brain Research Center, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 13, FIN-00014, Helsinki, Finland. J. Heiskala is also with the Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 2200, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland. T. Neuvonen is also with the Department of Physiology, Neuroscience Unit, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 63, FIN-00014, Helsinki, Finland. 2P. E. Grant is with the Department of Pediatric Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114. 3I. Nissilä, as well as P. E. Grant, is with the Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, 149 13th ...
Replace Mood Busters in Your Diet with Mood Boosters - IEA Oceans Garcinia Cambogia
Remember the joy swell up inside when you simply went to the ice cream shop for your favorite cone on a hot sunny day? Isnt it funny how you suddenly feel at peace when you sit back and let pure milk chocolate slowly melt on your tongue?. It may sound silly, but junk food could actually be contributing to your bad moods and even be a factor in depression. Yep, even though it makes you feel so good right then, while youre in the moment, you might wanna consider not enjoying that sweet next time.. There have been multiple studies conducted that cited there are links between eating junk food and depression. And the evidence just seems to be adding up. Researchers are actively trying to pinpoint exactly how and why it happens, but heres what we already know…. Anu Ruusunen, from the University of Eastern Finland, brought forward her analysis on the Kuipio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. She believes that the participants in this population based study who strived to eat plenty of ...
Maternal schizophrenia and out-of-home placements of offspring: A national follow-up study among Finnish women born 1965-1980...
Maternal schizophrenia and out-of-home placements of offspring: A national follow-up study among Finnish women born 1965-1980 and their ...
Use of pain medication before and after lumbar discectomy: longitudinal analysis of a nation-wide cohort - Minerva Chirurgica...
Mikhail SALTYCHEV 1 ✉, Katri LAIMI 1, Juho RANTAKOKKO 2, Ryan MATTIE 3, Zachary MCCORMICK 4, Ville AALTO 5, Mika KIVIMÄKI 6, 7, Jussi VAHTERA 8. 1 Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; 2 Department of Orthopedics, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; 3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Stanford University Hospital and Clinics, Palo Alto, CA, USA; 4 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Physical Medicine, and Rehabilitation, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; 5 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Turku and Helsinki, Finland; 6 Clinicum, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; 7 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London, UK; 8 Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland. ...
Human service work and long-term sickness absence due to mental disorders: a prospective study of gender-specific patterns in 1...
Purpose The aim of the study was to investigate sickness absence due to mental disorders in human service occupations. Methods Participants (n = 1,466,100) were randomly selected from two consecutive national 9-year cohorts from the Statistics Finland population database; each cohort represented a 33% sample of the Finnish population aged 25-54 years. These data were linked to diagnosis-specific records on receipt of sickness allowance, drawn from a national register maintained by the Social Insurance Institution of Finland, using personal identification numbers. Results Sociodemographic-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for sickness absence due to mental disorders in all human service occupations combined were 1.76 for men (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.70-1.84) and 1.36 for women (95% CI, 1.34-1.38) compared with men and women in all other occupations, respectively. Of the 15 specific human service occupations, compared with occupations from the same skill/education level without a significant
Mental health services - Sosiaali- ja terveysministeriö
The same timeframes apply concerning access to treatment for mental health disorders for adults (over 23 years) as with other medical services.. The treatment evaluations and specialist assessments of children and young people (under 23 years) must be carried out within six weeks referral. Treatment must be provided within three months of its prescription.. Child welfare clinics and school and student health services play an important role in the prevention, detection and provision of support concerning mental health problems in children and young people. Occupational health supports mental health and problem prevention among the working population.. The Social Insurance Institution reimburses rehabilitative psychotherapy for work or school performance improvement for persons between 16-67 years of age.. The Social Insurance Institution (Kela) reimburses the costs of rehabilitative psychotherapy to improve the capacity to work or study for people aged between 16-67.. ...
Cubilin and the hydrophobic intrinsic factor receptor are distinct molecules | Blood | American Society of Hematology
Cubilin is a 460-kd multiligand hydrophobic protein that binds to intrinsic factor cobalamin (Cbl-IF) with a high affinity and that is expressed in both kidney and ileal epithelial cells. Based on this observation, it has been speculated that cubilin and intrinsic factor cobalamin receptor (IFCR) are identical.1Recently, Kristiansen et al showed that the P1297L mutation of cubilin (FM1) associated with selective congenital cobalamin malabsorption (Imerslund-Gräsbeck disease, described in Finnish patients; also named megaloblastic anemia 1 [MGA1]) causes a 5-fold decrease of the binding domain affinity for Cbl-IF.2 They concluded that this decreased affinity explained the malabsorption of Cbl and the Cbl deficiency related to the FM1 mutation of MGA1 patients. In our opinion, the pathogenetic mechanism suggested by Kristiansen et al does not explain the whole biologic phenotype of the Finnish patients. The P1297L mutation of cubilin has been found in 16 of 17 Finnish patients but not in ...
Weight at birth and infancy in relation to adult leukocyte count: a population-based study of 5619 men and women followed from...
CONTEXT: Impaired fetal growth is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease and diabetes in adulthood, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the relation between early growth (weight at birth and first year) and adult total leukocyte count, the primary cell effectors of inflammation. DESIGN: This was a birth cohort study (Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966) with participants prospectively and longitudinally followed up from birth to age 31 yr. SETTING: This was a general population-based cohort in Finland. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5619 offspring of expectant mothers who attended a clinical examination and blood draw at 31-yr follow-up (4486 with complete data on weight at 1 yr) participated in the study. MAIN EXPOSURE VARIABLES: Weight at birth and at 1 year. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Absolute leukocyte count was measured. RESULTS: Total leukocyte count was lower at higher birth weight categories with or without adjustments for adult
Congenital chloride diarrhoea. Clinical analysis of 21 Finnish patients. | Archives of Disease in Childhood
Clinical findings in 21 Finnish children with congenital chloride diarrhoea are reported. Inheritance of this disease by the autosomal recessive mode is established. All children were born 1-8 weeks prematurely. Hydramnios was present in every case and no meconium was observed; intrauterine onset of diarrhoea is thus apparent. In most cases the diarrhoea or passing of large volumes of urine was noted on the first day of life and the abdomen was usually large and distended. The neonatla weight loss was abnormally large, and was associated with hypochloraemia and hyponatraemia. Some infants survived the neonatal period without adequate therapy. They presented later with failure to thrive and usually had hypochloraemia, hypokalaemia, and metabolic alkalosis associated with hyperaldosteronism. However, these features may be absent and the diagnosis is based on a history of hydramnios and diarrhoea, and a faecal Cl- concentration which always exceeds 90 mmol/l when fluid and electrolyte deficits ...
One-third Of All Brain Aneurysms Rupture Regardless Of Size - Redorbit
Watch The Video: Microneurosurgical Clipping Of An Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm ]. University of Helsinki The lifetime risk for rupture of a brain aneurysm depends heavily on the patients overall load of risk factors. However, a recent study by researchers from the University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital demonstrated that the size of an aneurysm has no great significance on the risk of rupture.. This is a unique study in that it monitored aneurysm patients over their entire lifetimes, whereas typical follow-up studies last only between one and five years in duration. The study is also exceptionally broad in scope; Dr. Seppo Juvela points out that the only other place where a study of similar scope has been conducted is Japan.. It is unlikely that another similar, non-selected lifetime follow-up study on aneurysm patients will ever be conducted again, he states.. Current care practices are based largely on the results of previous, shorter studies. Such studies have ...
Different patterns in use of antibiotics for lower urinary tract infection in institutionalized and home-dwelling elderly : a...
Purpose. We compared the quality and pattern of use of antibiotics to treat urinary tract infection (UTI) between institutionalized and home-dwelling elderly.. Methods. We analyzed the quality of use of UTI antibiotics in Swedish people aged ≥65 years at 30 September 2008 (1,260,843 home-dwelling and 86,721 institutionalized elderly). Data regarding drug use, age and sex were retrieved from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register and information about type of housing from the Social Services Register. In women, we assessed: (1) the proportion who use quinolones (should be as low as possible); (2) the proportion treated with the recommended drugs (pivmecillinam, nitrofurantoin, or trimethoprim) (proportions should be about 40 %, 40 % and 15-20 %, respectively); In men, we assessed: (1) the proportion who used quinolones or trimethoprim (should be as high as possible).. Results. The 1-day point prevalence for antibiotic use for UTI was 1.6 % among institutionalized and 0.9 % among home-dwelling ...
World Glaucoma Association » Fellowship Program 2017
Host institute: Helsinki University Central Hospital. My three months glaucoma fellowship was preceded by attending the 7th World Glaucoma Congress which was held from June 28- July 1 in Helsinki. This was perhaps the most ideal way to start the fellowship as I was able to meet some of the doctors that I would be working with, and it set a great academic tone to the rest of my fellowship. The congress itself was phenomenal and very well organized, and included great wet labs as well as a wide variety of current glaucoma related topics.. I had the privilege of working with a friendly and highly experienced team under the great leadership of Dr Paivi Puska (Glaucoma departmental Head). I was able to attend both the outpatient clinics as well as the theatres. Clinic work included various laser treatments such as SLT, Argon, Yag and diode lasers. I learnt a wide variety of surgical procedures and techniques, and these included amongst others deep sclerectomy, trabeculectomy with mmc, MIGS ...
Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C: Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews - Terkko Navigator
Terkko Navigator is a medical library community for the University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital. Personalize your own library of feeds, journals, books, links and more ⇒ ⇒
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Terkko Navigator
Terkko Navigator is a medical library community for the University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital. Personalize your own library of feeds, journals, books, links and more ⇒ ⇒
Industrial Action at the University of Helsinki: Most Library Facilities Closed on 28th of February - HULib News
This post is also available in: Finnish, Swedish. Trade unions for the Federation of Salaried Employees (Pardia), the Trade Union for the Public and Welfare Sectors (JHL) and the Public Sector Negotiating Commission (JUKO) have submitted notice on a spot strike to be held at the University of Helsinki. The strike will take effect on 28 February at midnight, ending 24 hours later. The objective of the strike is to put pressure on the employer in the negotiations on renewing the terms of the general collective agreement for universities.. As the Helsinki University Library is part of the University of Helsinki, the strike will affect its operations.. On the strike day, 28 February 2018, most Helsinki University Library facilities will be closed. Neither can the library guarantee uninterrupted service by phone or online.. The Helsinki University Library at Kaisa House, the Kumpula Campus Library and the Viikki Campus Library will be closed entirely.. On the strike day, the Learning Centres ...
GastroHep News Story
The diagnoses of liver and biliary disease were traced from the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register with an almost 100% coverage. The researchers found that patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy had a higher incidence of liver and biliary disease than in controls. The rate ratio for Hepatitis C was 4, for nonalcoholic liver cirrhosis 8.. The team noted that the rate ratio for gallstones and cholecystitis was 4, and 3 for nonalcoholic pancreatitis. Dr Ropponens team concluded, There is an association of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy with several liver and biliary diseases. Some patients with Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy are at risk of the subsequent development of cirrhosis and other severe chronic diseases. Contrary to what has been previously thought, follow-up may need to be considered for these patients. ...
UPDATED) Finland: Foreign looking man stabs two to death, six wounded in southern port city of Turku - The Tundra Tabloids…….
A suspected assailant has been shot in the leg and detained after a stabbing incident in Turku, south-west Finland. At least one person was seen lying on the ground and others were reported to be hurt on Friday afternoon. Police say that several people have been stabbed and ask the public to avoid the area.. A knife-wielding man attacked eight people in downtown Turku on Friday afternoon, killing two and wounding at least six.. At a press conference on Friday evening, police said that eight people were stabbed in the incident, which began at 16:02, and two of them had died. The suspect was shot in the leg and apprehended by police by 16:05, and as of Friday evening was being treated in hospital.. The hospital director director said on Friday evening that all of the victims were adults.. Police said that the incident was not being investigated as a terror attack, but that could change as new information comes to light. The National Bureau of Investigation had taken over the probe from the Turku ...
Flag Counter » Finland
Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It gained complete independence in 1917. During World War II, Finland successfully defended its independence through cooperation with Germany and resisted subsequent invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, Finland transformed from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is among the highest in Western Europe. A member of the EU since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro single currency at its initiation in January 1999. In the 21st century, the key features of Finlands modern welfare state are high quality education, promotion of equality, and a national social welfare system - currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy ...
Climate change is a health threat - Academy of Finland
Kofi Amegah (left), who is finishing a doctoral dissertation at the University of Oulu, investigated the effects of domestic heating and cooking emissions on foetal weight in Ghana. Also in the picture are Professor Jouni Jaakkola from the University of Oulu Centre for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research (CERH) and Ghanaian researcher Reginald Quansah.. Finland is not an island. Although climate change will have the severest effects on developing countries, Finland will not be immune to its health impacts. In a century or so, almost all of Finland will form part of a different climate zone to now.. In a developed country like Finland, we can prepare for a number of threats, such as a higher frequency of storms and floods. But surprises are also bound to occur, Jaakkola predicts.. Precipitation is forecast to increase, particularly in winter. Temperatures fluctuating above and below zero will increase the slipperiness of roads and the number of accidents.. Cold periods are likely to ...
daylight savings time causes stroke •
The author of the study that claims that daylight saving time affects us more than we thought, Jori Ruuskanen, from Finlands Turku University, declared that the risk of having an ischemic stroke is raised by the bi-annual clock change.. Dr. Ruuskanen discovered that the internal clock of the body, or the circadian rhythm, is significantly disrupted by daylight saving time, thus increasing the risk of an ischemic stroke. This type of condition is actually very common.. Usually, it is caused by a blood clot that plugs or blocks a blood vessel in the brain. The block stops the blood from traveling to the vital organ, and so brain cells begin to die rapidly. The Heart Association of America stated that ischemic strokes account for approximately 87 percent out of the total number of strokes.. In order to reach his conclusions, Dr. Ruuskanens team analyzed stroke data from Finlands hospitals from 2004 until 2013. The researchers compared the stroke rate in roughly 3,000 people that were ...
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Ex-Head of Alcoholism Council Named Hospital District Chief - latimes
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Surnames by country - Wikipedia
Finland including Karelia and Estonia was the eastern part of The Kingdom of Sweden from its unification around 1100 - 1200 AD until the year 1809 when Finland was conquered by Russia. During the Russian revolution 1917, Finland proclaimed the republic Finland and Sweden and many European countries rapidly acknowledged the new nation Finland. Finland has mainly Finnish (increasing) and Swedish (decreasing) surnames and first names. There are two predominant surname traditions among the Finnish in Finland: the West Finnish and the East Finnish. The surname traditions of Swedish-speaking farmers, fishermen and craftsmen resembles the West Finnish tradition, while smaller populations of Sami and Romani people have traditions of their own. Finland was exposed to a very small immigration from Russia, so Russian names barely exists. Until the mid 20th Century, Finland was a predominantly agrarian society, and the names of West Finns were based on their association with a particular area, farm, or ...
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Congenital chloride diarrhoea. Clinical analysis of 21 Finnish patients. | Archives of Disease in Childhood
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The endogenous insulin secretion capacity of 171 insulin-treated middle-aged persons with diabetes (81 men, 90 women) of the Kuopio University Central Hospital district (population 250,000), East Finland, was measured by the C-peptide response to glucagori. The prevalence of insulin deficiency among initially non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) individuals was calculated on the basis of those who were initially treated with diet or oral drugs and 3 yr or more after diagnosis had been treated with insulin and were insulin deficient in this study. The prevalence of complete insulin deficiency (postglucagon C-peptide undetectable) was among initially NIDDM individuals of the same region, 0.7% in menand 1.2% in women. Using the postglucagon C-peptide level of 0.20 nmol/L as a cut-offpoint, the prevalence of insulin deficiency was 2.0% in men and 1.9% in women and, on thebasis of C-peptide level of 0.60 nmol/L, the prevalence of insulin deficiency was 3.5% in men and 2.7% in women. Our data ...
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Postprandial differences in the plasma metabolome of healthy Finnish subjects after intake of a sourdough fermented endosperm...
The mechanism behind the lowered postprandial insulin demand observed after rye bread intake compared to wheat bread is unknown. The aim of this study was to use the metabolomics approach to identify potential metabolites related to amino acid metabolism involved in this mechanism. A sourdough fermented endosperm rye bread (RB) and a standard white wheat bread (WB) as a reference were served in random order to 16 healthy subjects. Test bread portions contained 50 g available carbohydrate. In vitro hydrolysis of starch and protein were performed for both test breads. Blood samples for measuring glucose and insulin concentrations were drawn over 4 h and gastric emptying rate (GER) was measured. Changes in the plasma metabolome were investigated by applying a comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry metabolomics platform (GC×GC-TOF-MS). Plasma insulin response to RB was lower than to WB at 30 min (P = 0.004), 45 min (P = 0.002) and 60 min (P | 0.001)
Public health impact of various risk factors for acute otitis media in Northern Finland. | Base documentaire | BDSP
The aim of this study was to assess the excess risk attributable to alterable risk factors for acute otitis media in Finnish children, including day care attendance, parental smoking, and a short duration of breastfeeding. Data on a population-based cohort of 2,512 children were gathered from medical records and questionnaires from 1985 to 1988....
Comparing smoking and smoking cessation process in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and North Karelia, Finland. | Base...
Study objective-The aims of this study were to assess and validate self reported smoking prevalence and to assess smoking cessation related process variables in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and in North Karelia, Finland. Design-Comparative population surveys of random population samples from both areas in spring 1992. The study included a...
Finland. * (also see Searching catalogues of Finnish libraries). * Find this book on HelMet, the Greater Helsinki region ...
List of aerospace engineering schools
Finland. *Helsinki University of Technology. *Tampere University of Applied Sciences. France. *Institut supérieur ...
Finland. In Finland, Epiphany is called loppiainen, a name which goes back to the 1600s. In the 1500s the Swedish-Finnish ... "Finnguide: Finland Finnish Calendar Events : Epiphany (Loppiainen) Finland calendar events information". Finnguide.fi. Archived ... Between the years 1973 and 1991 Epiphany was observed in Finland on a Saturday each year no earlier than January 6, and no ... While the term loppiainen means "ending [of Christmas time]," in reality, Christmas celebrations in Finland are extended to ...
Eastern Europe and Finland. In the Baltic, Jones et al. (2017) found that the Neolithic transition - the passage from a ... Finland has one of the highest Yamnaya contributions in all of Europe (50.4 %).[e] ...
Finland. Training lasts 5.5 to 11.5 months total. All Finnish conscripts undergo two months of basic training ( ...
Centre Party (Finland)
The Centre Party of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Keskusta, Kesk; Swedish: Centern i Finland) is a centrist, liberal, ... Urho Kekkonen was the President of Finland from 1956 to 1982 and became a symbolic figure of a statesman in Finland. Graffiti ... literally Centre of Finland). Despite urbanisation of Finland and a temporary nadir in support, the party managed to continue ... Liberalism and centrism in Finland. Sources. *. Vares, Vesa; Mikko Uola; Mikko Majander (2006). Demokratian haasteet 1907 ...
Finland. Two systems run in parallel, combining a Ghent system and a minimum level of support provided by Kela, an agency ... Finland and Sweden, and highly emphasizes trade and labor unions to provide unemployment benefits and protections to workers, ...
Finland. Main article: Student unionism in Finland. France. The central organization of the French higher education ...
Municipal wireless network
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Universal health care
Alestalo, Matti; Uusitalo, Hannu (1987). "Finland". In Flora, Peter (ed.). Growth to limits: the Western European welfare ... Single payer healthcare systems were introduced in Finland (1972), Portugal (1979), Cyprus (1980), and Spain (1986), and ... and Finland (1964). Universal health insurance was introduced in Japan in 1961, and in Canada through stages, starting with the ...
Northern Europe - Denmark; Finland; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania. Middle Europe - Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; ...
7. Finland: Fapet Oy. pp. 12-14. ISBN 978-952-5216-07-3. Sixta, Herbert, ed. (2006). Handbook of Pulp. 2. Germany: Wiley-VCH. p ...
List of Lutheran denominations
"Finland". The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. Retrieved March 29, 2018. "Tietoa STLK:STA". Suomen Tunnustuksellinen ... "Finland". Lutheran World Federation. Retrieved January 31, 2018. "Kirkkoon kuuluu 71 prosenttia väestöstä". Suomen Evankelis- ... "Lutheran Confessional Church-Finland". Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference. Retrieved March 6, 2018. "Evangelical ... "Statistics". The Evangelical Lutheran Mission Diocese of Finland. Retrieved March 28, 2018. "Suomen vapaa evankelisluterilainen ...
HMD is headquartered in Espoo, Finland, and is largely run by former Nokia executives. The first CEO was Arto Nummela, a Nokia ... "HMD Global acquires mobile software company to set up own R&D in Finland - Back End News". backendnews.net. Retrieved 14 July ... "HMD will officially launch Nokia 3, 5 and 6 in Finland on June 6". Nokia Power User. 5 June 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2019. ... "IDC: In Q2 2017, #Nokia smartphones took 0.4% marketshare; No.11 in Europe; No.5 in Finland". Nokiamob.net. 12 October 2017. ...
"Finland". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 11 ... In 1924, he served as the Olympic flag bearer for Finland. Niklander won 44 titles at the Finnish Championships in Athletics in ...
Foreign relations of Ukraine
"English > Finland > The Icelandic Foreign Services". Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2015. " ...
"Finland". VIPS. Retrieved 1 June 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Ministers Mönkäre and Hassi on opposite sides ... Taru Sinikka Mönkäre (born 6 March 1947) is a Finnish politician who served as minister in different cabinets of Finland. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Finland Ministers". Women Leaders. Retrieved 1 June 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Academy of Finland. Retrieved 1 June 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Corporate Governance" (PDF). ilmarinen. ...
Timeline of the telephone
54: 3-8. "Finland". Archived from the original on 2009-12-28. Retrieved 2009-04-02. Floyd, Michael D.; Hillman, Garth D. (8 ... 1991: the GSM mobile phone network is started in Finland, with the first phone call in Tampere. 1993: Telecom Relay Service ... Finland. 1979: VoIP - NVP running on top of early versions of IP 1980: W.C. Black and David A. Hodges develop the silicon-gate ...
Finland. ISBN 978-952-92-3028-0. "Hotelli Otava". www.makila.com (in Finnish). Retrieved 2017-04-22. "History of Pori Jazz". ... Hotel Otava was a hotel in Pori, Finland, that operated between 1857 and 1985. On its time of closing, Hotel Otava was the ... the longest continually open hotel-restaurant in Finland. The city of Pori bought the property in 1997. In 2000, a six-year ... oldest hotel-restaurant in Finland. The Neo-Renaissance building is designed by the Swedish architect C. J. von Heideken. Today ...
Finland". Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2015. "Finland Press". Press Reference. ... The paper was published six times per week until 2004 when it became one of three Swedish language newspapers in Finland to be ... VBL) is a Swedish language regional daily newspaper in Ostrobothnia, Finland. In terms of circulation, it is the second largest ... Vasabladet is the second oldest newspaper in Finland (following Åbo Underrättelser), the first edition having been published on ...
Finland. https://www.lambiek.net/artists/a/alho_asmo.htm Hejkalová 2008, p. 14. Hejkalová 2008, pp. 16-17. Hejkalová 2008, pp. ...
List of rugby union playing countries
"Finland". IRB. Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2011. "France". IRB. Archived from the ...
1984 Winter Olympics medal table
"Finland". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010. Retrieved 6 ... In contrast, Czechoslovakia and Finland's performances in Sarajevo were historical bests, after collecting a total of six and ...
... share of Tornator with the majority of its forest assets located in Finland wood supply operations in Finland, Sweden, Russia ... Stora Enso has sold and closed down some of its mills in Finland, Sweden and Germany. The closure of a plant in Kemijärvi in ... Finland. 87 minutes in. Archived from the original on 2016-05-13. Mark R. Leeming, In Defence of Home Places: Environmental ... In 2020 26 % of the personnel worked in Finland, 21 % in Sweden, 15 % in China, 8 % in Poland, 4% in Germany and 5 % in Russia ...
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Finland. "Habbo Info". Sulake.com. Retrieved 9 November 2011. Habbo UK Articles Archived January 23, 2010, at the Wayback ...
Finland in June 2006, just before Finland assumed the EU presidency. Radio Free Europe journalists spoke to Turunen on 1 ... He was also the Permanent Representatives of Finland to the OSCE in Vienna between 2007-2010. Turunen led a European Union fact ...
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"Finland". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 17 May 2020. Goldberg, Dan (November 9, 2009). "Israel names first New ... Finland (2003-2007), and Estonia. He has also been Consul at the Consulate General of Israel in Sydney, Acting Ambassador to ...
Leistö, Timo (2013). "Finland". The Concise Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 1. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge. p. ... Many Viking metal bands identify first with local roots - for instance, Moonsorrow with Finland or Einherjer with Norway - with ... Nordic folk music encompasses traditions from Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland and the dependent countries Åland ... Organizing Principles in Mikael Agricola's List of Mythological Agents in Late Medieval Finland". In Raudvere, Catharina; ...
He represented Finland at the 1951 Ice Hockey World Championships and in the ice hockey tournament at the 1952 Winter Olympics ... Saari was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame Finland in 1994. He was named an Ilves Hockey Legend in a ceremony held on 7 ... "Eero Saari - Olympic Ice Hockey , Finland". olympic.org. IOC. 18 June 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2020. "Eero Saari Olympic Stats ...
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Finland - OECD
Key findings on migration in Finland 2014 The number of foreigners living in Finland in September 2013 increased by 6.8% over ... While the number of migrants in Finland remains small, the relatively short history of migration in Finland has led to a number ... Working Together: Skills and Labour Market Integration of Immigrants and their Children in Finland While Finlands foreign-born ... Finland must focus on integrating migrant women and their children to boost their contribution to the economy and society ...
... More detailed report: National Policy Report. Thesaurus: Thesaurus - Finnish terms. Glossary: Terms in Finnish. ... The Government of Finland approved the national Cultural Environment Strategy 2014-2020 on 20 March 2014. In February 2015 it ... The Ministry prepares legislation, policies and programmes related to Finlands cultural landscapes and built heritage, and it ... The Ministry of the Environment and the Regional Environmental authorities work closely with Finlands National Board of ...
... supports international efforts to promote human and economic development, reduce poverty, and boost shared prosperity ... Finland At-A-Glance Finland became a member of the five institutions that form the World Bank Group on January 14, 1948. It was ... Today, Finland is a member of the five institutions that form the World Bank Group. Finland and the World Bank work together ... The World Bank In Finland. Finland supports international efforts to promote human and economic development, reduce poverty, ...
... : Evaluation exercise - 2012 Edition. *Finland: Evaluation exercise - 2010 Edition *Study of 16 comparable countries (by ... Vantaa, Finland. +35850 569 1648. noora.aarnio [@] oikeus.fi. Pilot Courts. Court of Appeal of Rovaniemi. Contact person: Judge ... Judicial Administration in Finland Open Doors Days 2017 and 2018. *European Day of Civil Justice: 22 October and 9 December ... The Rovaniemi Court of Appeal (Finland) has adapted an evaluation system for the quality assessment of justice based on the ...
Finland | Eiropas Komisija
Economic forecast for Finland. The Commission publishes a full set of macroeconomic forecasts for the EU and its Member States. ... Europe 2020 targets: statistics and indicators for Finland. Eurostat and the European Commission constantly monitor EU ... European Semester documents for Finland. Country reports - National plans - Assessment of programme - Country specific ...
Finland Travel Advisory
Reconsider travel to Finland due to COVID-19.. Read the Department of States COVID-19 page before you plan any international ... Finland - Level 3: Reconsider Travel. O K E N H U T C ... If you decide to travel to Finland:. *See the U.S. Embassys ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 3 Travel Health Notice for Finland due to COVID-19. ... Finland has resumed most transportation options, (including airport operations and re-opening of borders) and business ...
Finland - The Telegraph
Finlands womens football league given gender-neutral new name Football Association of Finland says their aim is to aspire to ... Finland. * The best nightlife in Helsinki, from karaoke bars to clubs with a view By Tim Bird 4 Nov 2020, 11:30am. ... Finland introduces checks on foreign real-estate purchases a year after raids on Russian-linked properties By Roland Oliphant 1 ... UK schools have so much to learn from Finland Leah Hardy 18 Sep 2020, 10:28am. ...
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Centre Party (Finland) - Wikipedia
The Centre Party of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Keskusta, Kesk; Swedish: Centern i Finland) is a centrist, liberal, ... Urho Kekkonen was the President of Finland from 1956 to 1982 and became a symbolic figure of a statesman in Finland. Graffiti ... literally Centre of Finland). Despite urbanisation of Finland and a temporary nadir in support, the party managed to continue ... Liberalism and centrism in Finland. Sources. *. Vares, Vesa; Mikko Uola; Mikko Majander (2006). Demokratian haasteet 1907 ...
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Education in Finland - Wikipedia
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Finland nails - LA Times
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Finland Census • FamilySearch
In Finland records similar to census records are called henkikirjat/mantalslängder. These records were a type of population ... över bosättningen i Finland (General Register of Settlement in Finland). This register includes 1539 to 1809. See Finland ... In Finland records similar to census records are called henkikirjat/mantalslängder. These records were a type of population ... FINLAND, [COUNTY] - PUBLIC RECORDS The catalog has two sets of records under the same title, Uudempi tilikirjakokoelma/Nyare ...
finland | PBS NewsHour
Finland again tops list of happiest nations, U.S. ranking drops Researchers say Finland has succeeded in generating a happiness ... Finland votes in worlds youngest prime minister, 34- year- old Sanna Marin By Jari Tanner, Associated Press ... WATCH: Trump holds joint news conference with Finlands president Finnish President Sauli Niinisto urged President Donald Trump ... Since being sworn in as ambassador to Finland in 2009, his holiday cards have become the stuff of legend. ...
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Finland UNOFFICIAL TRANSLATION No. 479/1997 Decision of the Ministry of Transport and Communicat... ... OECD Home Directorate for Science, Technology and InnovationBroadband and telecomInterconnection policies in finland Broadband ... Finland shall be divided into telecommunications areas in accordance with the provisions of this Decision.. This Decision shall ... Source: Ministry of Transport and Communications Finland. UNOFFICIAL TRANSLATION. No. 479/1997. Decision of the Ministry of ...
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If you are planning a trip to Finland in winter, Helsinki will be very cold but is not without its comforts and attractions. ... The official currency of Finland is the Euro (EUR), which is divided into 100 cents. Banks, ATMs and bureaux de change are ... The international country dialling code for Finland is +358. Mobile phone networks cover much of the country; the network ...
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- We received good news in the beginning of autumn 2018 when we were told that Finland was appointed host country for the International Summit on the Teaching Profession 2019. (ei-ie.org)
- http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/files/8100_en.pdf ), updated in May 2019. (europa.eu)
- Following an invitation from the Permanent Delegation of Finland to the OSCE to observe the 14 April 2019 parliamentary elections and in accordance with its mandate, the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) undertook a Needs Assessment Mission (NAM) from 23 to 25 January. (osce.org)
- The capital of Finland is Helsinki, or Helsingfors in Swedish, Finland's second national language. (answers.com)
- Helsinki Finland? (answers.com)
- Speech by Mr Olli Rehn, Governor of the Bank of Finland, at the stakeholder event in connection with the publication of the Bank of Finland's Annual Report, Bank of Finland, Helsinki, 20 March 2020. (bis.org)
- Lecture notes by Mr Olli Rehn, Governor of the Bank of Finland, lecture series "Current Trends on European Politics", Helsinki University, 30 January 2020. (bis.org)
- If you are planning a trip to Finland in winter, Helsinki will be very cold but is not without its comforts and attractions. (klm.com)
- Kotka , city, southeastern Finland , on two islands, Hovinsaari and Kotkansaari, at the mouth of the Kymi River on the Gulf of Finland , east-northeast of Helsinki . (britannica.com)
- The city of Helsinki , on the tip of southern Finland, was founded in 1550 on orders of the Swedish king Gustavus Vasa. (sacred-destinations.com)
- The Trade Union of Education in Finland (OAJ) invites educators from across the world to Educa's 25th anniversary edition and its first international programme in English on 24 and 25 January in Helsinki. (ei-ie.org)
- In Finland, the Anne Frank House is collaborating with the Helsinki City Library, the University of Helsinki, the Peace Education Initiative and the Finnish Jewish Community. (annefrank.org)
- The temporary Register of Shareholders of Nokia Corporation, as per June 6, 2016, is available at Euroclear Finland Ltd., Urho Kekkosen katu 5 C, Helsinki on June 14, 2016 at the latest, and at the meeting venue. (nokia.com)
- Our location actively collaborates with Finnish Universities and research centers like Aalto University, University of Helsinki and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. (bell-labs.com)
- HELSINKI (Reuters) - Nokia NOK1V.HE finished on Thursday job cut talks with the staff at its plant in Salo, Finland, resulting in planned lay-offs of up to 1,000 people. (reuters.com)
- HELSINKI (Reuters) - The Finnish government gave the green light on Thursday for state-owned Terrafame to extract and refine uranium in eastern Finland, paving the way for the country to become the European Union's only uranium producer. (reuters.com)
- Next event featuring Finland will be 2018 IIHF World Junior Championship Group A: Canada vs. Finland, held at the KeyBank Center in Buffalo. (excite.com)
- As of now, the last event, 2018 IIHF World Junior Championship Group B: United States vs. Finland is scheduled for 31-Dec-17 at the KeyBank Center in Buffalo. (excite.com)
- The governments of Jyrki Katainen , Alexander Stubb and Juha Sipilä cut education funds in Finland over 2011-2018 by a total of €1.5 billion. (wikipedia.org)
- Basketball Finland (Finnish: Koripallo Suomi, Swedish: Basket finland) is the governing body of basketball in Finland. (wikipedia.org)
- The Government of Finland approved the national Cultural Environment Strategy 2014-2020 on 20 March 2014. (coe.int)
- Opening remarks by Mr Olli Rehn, Governor of the Bank of Finland, at the Bank of Finland and CEPR Joint Webinar on "Monetary Policy Tools and Their Impact on the Macroeconomy", 12 September 2020. (bis.org)
- Initial remarks by Mr Olli Rehn, Governor of the Bank of Finland, in a panel on "State at the helm of the economy", "Les Rencontres Economiques 2020" webinar, 3 July 2020. (bis.org)
- Remarks by Mr Olli Rehn, Governor of the Bank of Finland, at the Reinventing Bretton Woods Committee Panel Discussion on "The world economy transformed: Reflections on policy responses and the future post pandemic monetary architecture", in the context of the virtual IMF Spring Meetings, Washington DC, 17 April 2020. (bis.org)
- Ranking first in the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2020, Finland is a digital leader in the field of e-services and take-up of digital technologies thanks to an active cooperation between the public and private sectors. (europa.eu)
- In accordance with Finland's Ministry of Defence's proposition, the Government of Finland has today selected Saab as the combat system provider and integrator for the Finnish Navy's four new Pohjanmaa-class corvettes within the Squadron 2020 programme. (saab.com)
- Our Olympic Hockey Preview Concludes With Team Sweden, Medal Picks A look at Group C, consisting of Sweden, Finland, Germany, and Belarus. (nymag.com)
- Finland ) is in Northern Europe and has borders with Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and Sweden to the west. (wikitravel.org)
- Finland stayed an integral part of Sweden until the nineteenth century, although there was near-constant warfare with Russia on the eastern border and two brief occupations. (wikitravel.org)
- Unlike craggy Norway and Sweden, Finland consists mostly of low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills, with mountains (of a sort) only in the extreme north, while Finland's highest point, Fell Halti, rises only to a modest 1,328m. (wikitravel.org)
- Educators in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden are using well-developed social dialogue channels and information technology to help curb the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak. (ei-ie.org)
- The Aland Islands (archipelago) sits in the middle of the Gulf of Bothnia between Finland and Sweden. (worldatlas.com)
- It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, and the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea across Estonia to the south. (wikipedia.org)
- From the late 13th century, Finland gradually became an integral part of Sweden as a consequence of the Northern Crusades. (wikipedia.org)
- Data from VET in Finland Spotlight 2016 ( [ 3 ] Cedefop (2016). (europa.eu)
- On December 6, 2016, Finland celebrated its 99th Independence Day. (bell-labs.com)
- In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index and as the most stable country in the world during 2011-2016 in the Fragile States Index, and second in the Global Gender Gap Report. (wikipedia.org)
- Finland KDS does close cooperation with Estonia KDS (Eesti Karate Do Shotokai). (google.com)
- Watch Conan O'Brien's Inspirational Message to Finland Stay strong, Finns. (nymag.com)
- Before using original census records, you should first use the Suomen asutuksen yleisluettelo/ Generalregistret över bosättningen i Finland (General Register of Settlement in Finland) . (familysearch.org)
- Suomen ralli (virallisesti pääsponsorinsa mukaan Neste Oil Rally Finland tai Neste Oil Ralli ) on Keski-Suomessa ajettava ralliautoilun MM-sarjan osakilpailu. (wikimedia.org)
- Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪ̌nland] (listen), Finland Swedish: [ˈfinlɑnd]), officially the Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland (listen to all)), is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
- This category is for Swedish words unique to Finland. (wiktionary.org)
- In the end, Finland lost much of Karelia and Finland's second-largest city Vyborg , but Soviets paid a heavy price for them with over 300,000 soldiers killed. (wikitravel.org)
- In the end, Finland lost much of Karelia and Finland's second largest city Vyborg , but Soviets paid a heavy price for them with over 300,000 dead. (wikitravel.org)
- The first university in Finland ( Royal Academy of Turku ) was founded in 1640. (wikipedia.org)
Republic of Finl2
- Officially the Republic of Finland, this Nordic country is located in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. (answers.com)
- As part of the ceremonies, Sauli Niinistö, the President of the Republic of Finland, awarded a number of Nokia employees with medals of honor in recognition of their longstanding and distinguished service to their country. (bell-labs.com)
Education in Finl1
- A segment on the approach to education in Finland taken from "Where To Invade Next" by Michael Moore. (google.com)
- autonomous province of Finland. (mcgill.ca)
- After Sweden's final disastrous defeat in the Finnish War of 1808-1809, Finland became an autonomous grand duchy under Russian rule in 1809. (wikitravel.org)
- In 1809, as a result of the Finnish War, Finland was annexed by Russia as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland, during which Finnish art flourished and the idea of independence began to take hold. (wikipedia.org)
- The Education Index , published with the UN 's Human Development Index in 2008, based on data from 2006, lists Finland as 0.993, amongst the highest in the world, tied for first with Denmark , Australia and New Zealand . (wikipedia.org)
- 24 March 2011 (USA) SUB Spanish Director: Sean Faust The Education Index, published with the UN's Human Development Index in 2008, based on data from 2006, lists Finland as 0.993, amongst the highest in the world, tied for first with Denmark, Australia and New Zealand. (google.com)
- Finland forward Teemu Selanne (8) takes a drop pass from teammate Mikael Granlund (64), back left, and scores moments later on Russia goalie Semyon Varlamov (1) in the the first period of a ice hockey quarterfinal. (chicagotribune.com)
- Finland defeated Russia, 3-1. (chicagotribune.com)
- Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia, tried to russify Finland and terminate its political autonomy, but after the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared independence from Russia. (wikipedia.org)
- Today, Finland has a distinctive language and culture that sets it apart from the rest of Nordic Europe. (wikitravel.org)
- Despite close relations with the Soviet Union, Finland managed to be a democracy and remained a Western European market economy, building close ties with it's Nordic neighbours. (wikitravel.org)
- After the collapse of the USSR, Finland joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, and was the only Nordic state to adopt the euro currency at its initiation on 1 January 2002. (wikitravel.org)
- Finland has topped an index of the happiest nations for the second consecutive year, with researchers saying the small Nordic country has succeeded in generating a happiness recipe not simply dependent on economic wealth. (courthousenews.com)
- After the implosion of the USSR, Finland joined the European Union in 1995, and was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999. (wikitravel.org)
- Finland is also the most sparsely populated nation in the European Union. (answers.com)
- In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant universal suffrage, and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. (wikipedia.org)
- Birger jarl's expedition to Finland in 1249. (mcgill.ca)
- They can be seen in Alaska, Norway, Finland and Canada on a clear night. (gadling.com)
- Urho Kekkonen served as President of Finland from 1956 to 1982: by far the longest period of any President. (wikipedia.org)
- See Finland Emigration and Immigration for records of Italians immigrating, including some online digitized records and indexes. (familysearch.org)
- The name 'Centre Party' was adopted in 1965, and 'Centre of Finland' in 1988. (wikipedia.org)
- The Centre has been the ruling party in Finland a number of times since Finnish independence . (wikipedia.org)
- The Centre Party chairman is Juha Sipilä , who was elected in June 2012 to follow Mari Kiviniemi , the former Prime Minister of Finland . (wikipedia.org)
- A developing industrial centre linked to the rest of Finland by major rail, road, and lake routes, it produces most of the nation's furniture, as well as numerous other wood products, and has glassworks, breweries, and clothing and machine-tool factories. (britannica.com)
- Researchers say Finland has succeeded in generating a happiness recipe not simply dependent on economic and material wealth. (pbs.org)
- Researchers in Finland have compiled the first authoritative atlas of "body maps" that detail where we feel emotions. (extremetech.com)
- During the last few years Finland has had the highest proportion of researchers in the labour force in all of Europe. (sciencemag.org)
- Life in Finland, one of the world's best functioning welfare states and least known success stories, can be complicated. (washingtonpost.com)
- The Finno-Soviet Pact of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance committed Finland to resist armed attacks by "Germany or its allies" (read: the West), but also allowed Finland to stay neutral in the Cold War and avoid a Communist government or Warsaw Pact membership. (wikitravel.org)
- Finland joined the OECD in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace in 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, and the Eurozone at its inception in 1999. (wikipedia.org)
- Finland should offer labour-market-oriented integration support to all migrants, strengthen efforts to identify and address early vulnerabilities, and work more closely with employers according to a new OECD report. (oecd.org)
- While the number of migrants in Finland remains small, the relatively short history of migration in Finland has led to a number of integration challenges. (oecd.org)
- The international country dialling code for Finland is +358. (klm.com)
- Finland has approximately 188,000 lakes (about 10% of the country) and a similar number of islands. (wikitravel.org)
- While there were some tense moments, Finland pulled it off: in the subsequent half century, the country made a remarkable transformation from an agrarian economy to a diversified modern industrial economy featuring high-tech giants like Nokia, and per capita income is now in the top 15 countries in the world. (wikitravel.org)
- Finland largely remained an agrarian country until the 1950s. (wikipedia.org)
- There's no difference in the schooling that will follow day care -- all the kids in Kuhmo (and throughout Finland) will have essentially identical opportunities in Finnish schools, Europe's best. (washingtonpost.com)
- Geographically, Finland is sandwiched between two countries that could not be more different. (nymag.com)
- After the war, Finland lay in the grey zone between the Western countries and the Soviet Union. (wikitravel.org)
- Famous for being among the happiest countries in the world, Finland is a perfect mix of wilderness, modern architecture, tradition and innovation. (europa.eu)
- Finland has long long been on my list of MUST-VISIT countries. (gadling.com)
- It will then export the yellowcake to other countries approved by the International Atomic Energy Agency for processing it into nuclear fuel for which there are no existing production facilities in Finland. (reuters.com)
- Gymnast Annika Urvikko of Finland, her fingernails painted in the colors of her nation's flag, performs on the uneven bars during the artistic gymnastics women's qualifications. (latimes.com)
- The FLAG area covers the coast of the Gulf of Finland from Hanko to Virolahti and is well known locally for its beautiful archipelago. (europa.eu)
- The most significant structural change in researcher training in Finland took place in 1995, when the Ministry of Education introduced the first 4-year doctoral training programmes. (sciencemag.org)
- This drug has received government of buy viagra in finland artery from prescriptions who have been identified with ed. (dollhousekitchen.com)
- The government statistics office and the Ministry of Education and Culture estimate approximately 72 percent of the population belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (ELC), 1.1 percent to the Finnish Orthodox Church, and 25.3 percent do not identify as members of any religious group. (state.gov)
- The Government of Finland fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. (state.gov)
- Finland Civil Registration , government birth, marriage, and death records could be available from the early 1800s to the early or mid-1900s. (familysearch.org)
- News on Finland continually updated from thousands of sources around the net. (topix.com)
- The Neste Oil Rally Finland (formerly known as the 1000 Lakes Rally ) is a rally competition held in Central Finland . (wikimedia.org)
- Ability in same thousands of the comparable chance, ever not as in daisies of pressure on the truth attest to this outside headquarters of the function of europe, the history in which baby supposedly took its strongest feelings and buy viagra in finland include- india. (dollhousekitchen.com)
- Finland, a tiny nation of 5.5 million people, consistently makes the top 5 performers across those categories, making it the top educational performer in Europe and one of the strongest in the world. (google.com)
- At a national level, Grant Duchy of Finland (1883) was first to declare universal suffrage and allow anyone to participate in politic, women included, although it was a autonymous part of Russian Empire at that stage. (answers.com)
- Finland supports international efforts to promote human and economic development, reduce poverty, and boost shared prosperity around the world. (worldbank.org)
- 12 of the Prime Ministers of Finland , three of the Presidents and a former European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs have been from the party. (wikipedia.org)
- A millionaire former telecoms executive touted as a technocrat capable of rescuing Finland from economic slump won Sunday's parliamentary election, vote predictions showed, but he may need support of a Euro-skeptical populist party to form a coalition. (ibtimes.com)
- When it was launched Finland had just suffered a very deep economic recession. (sciencemag.org)
- Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life and human development. (wikipedia.org)
- The number of foreigners living in Finland in September 2013 increased by 6.8% over the previous year to 205 250, about 3.5% of the population. (oecd.org)
- The education system in Finland consists of daycare programmes (for babies and toddlers), a one-year "pre-school" (age six), a nine-year compulsory basic comprehensive school (age seven to age sixteen), post-compulsory secondary general academic and vocational education, higher education and adult education. (wikipedia.org)
- Sensei Harada visits Finland every year together with his technical executive group of 5th Dans. (google.com)
- A nationwide experiment with basic income in Finland has not increased employment among those participating in the two-year trial, but their general well-being seems to have increased, a report said Friday. (courthousenews.com)
- This combination, along with the incredible hospitality of its locals, attract visitors to Finland all year round. (europa.eu)
- Reconsider travel to Finland due to COVID-19 . (state.gov)
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 3 Travel Health Notice for Finland due to COVID-19. (state.gov)
- When _____________ came from Finland, did he travel with other family members? (familysearch.org)
- But another place, where you can get not just a wonderful full of the lights, but also have a wonderful travel experience, is Finland . (gadling.com)
- During World War II, Finland was attacked by the Soviet Union in the Winter War , but fought them to a standstill that saw the USSR conquer 12% of Finnish territory. (wikitravel.org)
- Thus Finland fought three separate wars during World War II. (wikitravel.org)
- During World War II, Finland fought the Soviet Union in the Winter War and the Continuation War, and Nazi Germany in the Lapland War. (wikipedia.org)
- Recent fur farm investigation footage, which was obtained from 80 fur farms across Finland, shows widespread animal abuse, intense suffering and neglect. (thepetitionsite.com)
- Finland Karate-Do Shotokai, is the overhead organisation for the KDS clubs in Finland. (google.com)
- Finland became a member of the five institutions that form the World Bank Group on January 14, 1948. (worldbank.org)
- Today, Finland is a member of the five institutions that form the World Bank Group. (worldbank.org)
- After World War II , the party settled as one of the four major political parties in Finland. (wikipedia.org)