Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
Parasitic infestation of the human lymphatic system by WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI or BRUGIA MALAYI. It is also called lymphatic filariasis.
A white threadlike worm which causes elephantiasis, lymphangitis, and chyluria by interfering with the lymphatic circulation. The microfilaria are found in the circulating blood and are carried by mosquitoes.
An anthelmintic used primarily as the citrate in the treatment of filariasis, particularly infestations with Wucheria bancrofti or Loa loa.
Pharmacological agents destructive to nematodes in the superfamily Filarioidea.
The prelarval stage of Filarioidea in the blood and other tissues of mammals and birds. They are removed from these hosts by blood-sucking insects in which they metamorphose into mature larvae.
A species of parasitic nematode causing Malayan filariasis and having a distribution centering roughly on the Malay peninsula. The life cycle of B. malayi is similar to that of WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI, except that in most areas the principal mosquito vectors belong to the genus Mansonia.
A filarial worm of Southeast Asia, producing filariasis and elephantiasis in various mammals including man. It was formerly included in the genus WUCHERERIA.
Accumulation of serous fluid between the layers of membrane (tunica vaginalis) covering the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.
A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder SPIRURINA. Its organisms possess a filiform body and a mouth surrounded by papillae.
A genus of filarial nematodes.
A benzimidazole broad-spectrum anthelmintic structurally related to MEBENDAZOLE that is effective against many diseases. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p38)
Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A species of parasitic nematode found in man and other mammals. It has been reported from Malaya and East Pakistan and may produce symptoms of tropical eosinophilia.
A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.
A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.
A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the peritoneal cavity of wild or domestic cattle or equines.
An island group and constitutional monarchy in the southwest central Pacific Ocean. The capital is Apia. The islands were jointly administered by England, the United States, and Germany 1889-99, with the chief islands of Savai'i and Upolu recognized as German until 1919. Western Samoa gained independence in 1962 and assumed its present formal name in 1997.
Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.
The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.
Infection with nematodes of the genus DIROFILARIA, usually in animals, especially dogs, but occasionally in man.
A parasitic infection caused by the nematode Loa loa. The vector in the transmission of this infection is the horsefly (Tabanus) or the deerfly or mango fly (Chrysops). The larvae may be seen just beneath the skin or passing through the conjunctiva. Eye lesions are not uncommon. The disease is generally mild and painless.
A genus of bacteria comprised of a heterogenous group of gram-negative small rods and coccoid forms associated with arthropods. (From Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol 1, 1984)
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
A group of islands in the southwest central Pacific, divided into AMERICAN SAMOA and the INDEPENDENT STATE OF SAMOA (Western Samoa). First European contact was made in 1722 by Jacob Roggeveen, a Dutchman. In 1768 they were named Navigators Islands by Louis de Bougainville. The present name may derive from that of a local chieftain or from a local word meaning place of the moa, a now-extinct island bird. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1061 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p481)
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
A filarial parasite primarily of dogs but occurring also in foxes, wolves, and humans. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes.
Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
Infection with nematodes of the genus Setaria. This condition is usually seen in cattle and equines and is of little pathogenic significance, although migration of the worm to the eye may lead to blindness.
A group of islands of SAMOA, in the southwest central Pacific. Its capital is Pago Pago. The islands were ruled by native chiefs until about 1869. An object of American interest beginning in 1839, Pago Pago and trading and extraterritorial rights were granted to the United States in 1878. The United States, Germany, and England administered the islands jointly 1889-99, but in 1899 they were granted to the United States by treaty. The Department of the Interior has administered American Samoa since 1951. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p44)
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.
A genus of parasitic nematodes found throughout the rain-forest areas of the Sudan and the basin of the Congo. L. loa inhabits the subcutaneous tissues, which it traverses freely.
A genus of filarial nematodes. Various immature species have been found to infect the eyes or subcutaneous tissue in humans.
A type of affinity chromatography where ANTIBODIES are used in the affinity capture reaction on the solid support, in the mobile phase, or both.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Infections with nematodes of the genus DIPETALONEMA.
A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
The study of life and ECOLOGIC SYSTEMS in bodies of FRESHWATER.
A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Port-Vila. It was called New Hebrides until 1980. It was discovered in 1606 by the Portuguese, forgotten for 160 years, then visited by Bougainville in 1768 and Captain Cook in 1774. It was under joint British and French administration from 1906 until it became independent in 1980 under the name of Vanuatu. The name is native, meaning our land. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p833 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p570)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms are distributed in Central and South America. Characteristics include a smooth cuticle and an enlarged anterior end.
A subfamily of the Muridae consisting of several genera including Gerbillus, Rhombomys, Tatera, Meriones, and Psammomys.
A filarial nematode parasite of mammalian blood with the vector being a tick or small fly.
An opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A system of organs and tissues that process and transport immune cells and LYMPH.
Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.
A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms live and breed in skin and subcutaneous tissues. Onchocercal microfilariae may also be found in the urine, blood, or sputum.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
A plant family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves of Sterculiaceae are alternate and simple or palmately compound. Flowers have three to five sepals and five or no petals.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.
A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
Infection with nematodes of the genus MANSONELLA. Symptoms include pruritus, headache, and articular swelling.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
An archipelago in Polynesia in the southwest Pacific Ocean, comprising about 150 islands. It is a kingdom whose capital is Nukualofa. It was discovered by the Dutch in 1616, visited by Tasman in 1643, and by Captain Cook in 1773 and 1777. The modern kingdom was established during the reign of King George Tupou I, 1845-93. It became a British protectorate in 1900 and gained independence in 1970. The name Tonga may be of local origin, meaning either island or holy. Its other name, Friendly Islands, was given by Captain Cook from the welcome given him by the natives. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1219 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p549)
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.
Proteins found in any species of helminth.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.
A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Suva. It was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1643 and was visited by Captain Cook in 1774. It was used by escaped convicts from Australia as early as 1804. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1874 but achieved independence in 1970. The name Fiji is of uncertain origin. In its present form it may represent that of Viti, the main island in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p396 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p186)
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)
Mild to severe infections of the eye and its adjacent structures (adnexa) by adult or larval protozoan or metazoan parasites.
A plant genus of the family PAPAVERACEAE that contains isoquinoline alkaloids.
Lightweight meshwork fabric made of cotton, silk, polyester, nylon (polyamides), or other material impregnated with insecticide, having openings too small to allow entry of mosquitoes or other insects, thereby offering protection against insect bite and insect-borne diseases.
The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Pathological processes involving the male reproductive tract (GENITALIA, MALE).
A genus of parasitic nematodes widely distributed as intestinal parasites of mammals.
A large superfamily of cell surface membrane proteins characterized by their four transmembrane domains. They play a role in a variety of processes such as cellular adhesion and motility. They may be involved in the organization of cell surface MEMBRANE MICRODOMAINS that regulate the activation of LEUKOCYTES.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain anethole and CARBAZOLES.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
The status of health in rural populations.

Granulomatous inflammatory response to recombinant filarial proteins of Brugia species. (1/437)

The lymphatic inflammatory response in Brugia-infected jirds peaks early during primary infections and then decreases in severity as judged by the numbers of lymph thrombi present within these vessels. Antigen-specific hypersensitivity reactions in these animals was measured by a pulmonary granulomatous inflammatory response (PGRN) induced by somatic adult worm antigen (SAWA)-coated beads, and by cellular proliferative responses of renal lymph node cells. The kinetics of these responses temporally correspond to lymphatic lesion formation. The importance of any single antigen to the induction of this inflammatory response has not been elucidated. In this study, the PGRN was used to measure the cellular immune response to four recombinant filarial proteins during the course of a primary B. pahangi infection. These proteins were BpL4, glycoprotein (glutathione peroxidase) gp29, heat shock protein (hsp) 70, and filarial chitinase. All were fusion proteins of maltose-binding protein (MBP). Control beads included those coated with diethanolamine (DEA), SAWA, or MBP. The measurements of PRGN were made at 14, 28, 56, and > 150 days postinfection (PI) in infected jirds, in jirds sensitized with SAWA, and in uninfected jirds. The secretory homolog of glutathione peroxidase gp29 was the only recombinant protein tested that induced a significantly greater PGRN (P < 0.05) than controls. This was seen at 28 days PI. These observations indicate that gp29 may be part of the worm antigen complex that induces an early inflammatory response, a response similar to that observed with SAWA. These studies indicate that this approach is useful in investigating the functional ability of specific proteins in the induction and down-regulation of immune-mediated inflammatory responses elicited by filarial parasites. Absence of a granulomatous response to the other recombinant proteins used may be related to the nature and sensitivity of the assay used or the character of recombinant proteins tested.  (+info)

Can vector control play a useful supplementary role against bancroftian filariasis? (2/437)

A single campaign of mass treatment for bancroftian filariasis with diethylcarbamazine (DEC) in Makunduchi, a town in Zanzibar, United Republic of Tanzania, combined with elimination of mosquito breeding in pit latrines with polystyrene beads was followed by a progressive decline over a 5-year period in the microfilarial rate from 49% to 3%. Evidence that vector control had contributed to this long-term decline was obtained by comparison with another town, Moga, where a DEC campaign was used without vector control and where resurgence of microfilariae could be observed 3-6 years after the campaign. In Zanzibar town, treatment of 3844 wet pit latrines and cesspits with polystyrene beads reduced the adult mosquito population in houses by about 65%. Supplementary treatment of open drains and marshes with Bacillus sphaericus produced little or no additional reduction compared to a sector of the town where only pit treatment with polystyrene was carried out. The cost and effort of achieving the 65% reduction in mosquito population could hardly be justified for its impact on filariasis alone, but its noticeable impact on biting nuisance might help to gain community support for an integrated programme.  (+info)

Interleukin-10 and antigen-presenting cells actively suppress Th1 cells in BALB/c mice infected with the filarial parasite Brugia pahangi. (3/437)

Infection with the third-stage larvae (L3) of the filarial nematode Brugia results in a Th2-biased immune response in mice and humans. Previously we have shown that the production of interleukin 4 (IL-4) is critical for down-regulating polyclonal Th1 responses in L3-infected mice. However, the in vitro neutralization of IL-4 did not fully recover the defective polyclonal Th1 responses, nor did it result in the production of any antigen (Ag)-specific Th1 cytokines, suggesting that perhaps infection with L3 does not result in priming of Th1 cells in vivo. In this study, we analyzed the role of IL-10 and Ag-presenting cells (APCs) in the spleen as additional factors controlling the Th2 bias in infected mice. Our data show that IL-10 and APCs also contribute to the suppression of mitogen-driven Th1 responses of spleen cells from infected mice. In addition, the neutralization of IL-10 or the replacement of the resident APC population from spleen cell cultures resulted in the production of Ag-specific Th1 cytokines. Irradiated spleen cells from either L3-infected or uninfected mice were able to restore Ag-specific Th1 responses in vitro. Therefore, it appears that Brugia-reactive Th1 cells are primed following infection with L3, but are actively suppressed in vivo by a mechanism that involves IL-10 and the resident APC population, but not IL-4. These results indicate that a complex interplay of cytokines and cell populations underscores the Th2-polarized response in L3-infected mice.  (+info)

Bancroftian filariasis in an irrigation project community in southern Ghana. (4/437)

An epidemiological study to document the endemicity and transmission characteristics of bancroftian filariasis was conducted in an irrigation project community in southern Ghana. In a 50% random sample of the population, the prevalence of microfilaraemia was 26.4% and the geometric mean microfilarial intensity among positives was 819 microfilariae/ml of blood. Hydrocoele was found in 13.8% of the males aged > or =18 years, and 1.4% of the residents examined, all females, had tymphoedema/elephantiasis. Detailed monitoring of the microfilarial intensity in 8 individuals over a 24-h period confirmed its nocturnal periodicity with a peak at approximately 0100 hours. The most important vector was Anopheles gambiae s.l., followed by An. funestus. The abundance of these mosquitoes and their relative importance as vectors varied considerably between the wet and the dry season. Opening of the irrigation canals late in the dry season resulted in a remarkable increase in the population of An. gambiae (8.3% of which carried infective filarial larvae) to levels comparable to those seen during the wet season, suggesting that the irrigation project is responsible for increased transmission of lymphatic filariasis in the community.  (+info)

Anti-filarial IgG4 in men and women living in Brugia malayi-endemic areas. (5/437)

To assess whether antifilarial IgG4 can be used to study various epidemiological facets of filarial infections, we studied this isotype in 238 individuals resident in areas endemic for brugian filariasis, focusing on the differences between men and women. In the study area, the prevalence of microfilariae was 6.7% and the prevalence of antifilarial IgG4 was 49.2%. All microfilariae carriers were positive for antifilarial IgG4, whereas a proportion of the endemic normals (94/208) and clephantiasis patients (7/14) had IgG4 antibodies to filarial antigens. Data were analysed as a function of gender in distinct clinical groups and stratified for age. The prevalence of microfilariae was higher in males in all age groups, as reflected in significantly higher antifilarial IgG4 antibody levels compared to females. The prevalence of IgG4 increased to reach a plateau at the age of 30 years in both males and females. These results indicate that antifilarial IgG4 antibodies can reflect the differences in the extent of infection in males and females as measured by microfilarial counts, and that this parameter can be used for epidemiological assessments of filarial infection.  (+info)

Wuchereria bancrofti antigenaemia in Sri Lanka. (6/437)

The prevalence of Wuchereria bancrofti antigenaemia determined in 353 subjects in Matara, Sri Lanka by Og4C3 ELISA was 20.7%. Positive rates obtained with the same subjects by 1 ml Nuclepore filtration and 60 microl thick blood smear were 11.3% and 7.9%, respectively. Antigen levels were positively associated with microfilaria counts. Two-thirds of antigen-positive and microfilaria-negative (Ag+/Mf-) individuals were > 25-year-old, but younger age groups (< or = 25-year-old) tended to have proportionally more Ag+/Mf- cases. Possible origins of the Ag+/Mf- status are discussed.  (+info)

Bancroftian filariasis on Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania: an update on the status in urban and semi-urban communities. (7/437)

Cross-sectional clinical, parasitological and entomological surveys for bancroftian filariasis were conducted in Konde, Chake Chake and Kengeja, three urban and semiurban communities on Pemba Island, and the results were compared with similar surveys done 15 years earlier. The overall prevalences of clinical manifestations among males aged 15 years or more (n = 614) was remarkably similar to those recorded 15 years earlier: elephantiasis 1.4% in 1975 and 1.1% in 1990; hydrocele, 22.4% and 21.8%, respectively. However, when the communities were compared individually, there was a reduction in the hydrocele prevalence in Konde from 22.4% to 11.5% and an increase in Kengeja from 27.0% to 35.5%. The overall microfilarial prevalence found during night blood surveys of all individuals aged 1 year or more (n = 2687) was 9.7%, compared to 14.2% recorded in 1975. The reduction was most pronounced in Konde. Of 1052 female mosquitoes caught with CDC light traps, 95% were Culex quinquefasciatus and 5% Anopheles gambiae s.l. Infective larvae of Wuchereria bancrofti were found only in the former. The filariasis situation in urban and semiurban communities on Pemba Island appears not to have changed considerably over the last 15 years.  (+info)

Computerized digital image processing on radiographs of canine filariosis. (8/437)

For objective evaluation in the lung arterial lesions, density histogram revealed by survey thoracic radiographies of fifteen canine filariosis and five normal canine were digitally analyzed, and preparation of pulmonary artery angiogram with inflated-fixed lung, the changes in the histogram and the pulmonary arterial lesion by a soft x-ray examination were compared. In the lung areas affected by filariosis, the density histogram increased the white level and decreased the black level in each part compared to a normal lung. In comparison with the normal parameters, those of the filariosis it were significantly increased in minimum grey level values (Min), maximum grey level values (Max), and the maximum frequency grey level values (Mode) and, it was significantly decreased in maximum frequency values (MaF). The pulmonary arterial lesion of the filariosis showed obvious morphological changes such as in distinction, pruning, angiectasis, and meandering. In the grade of pulmonary arterial lesion, the parameter Min, Max, Mode and MaF were changed significantly. From these results, it was clear that the methods for the lung arterial lesions analysis of x-ray images were confirmed to be highly beneficial in the lung arterial lesions for objective diagnosis.  (+info)

Synonyms for Bancroftian filariasis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Bancroftian filariasis. 6 words related to elephantiasis: hypertrophy, elephantiasis neuromatosa, chyloderma, elephantiasis scroti, nevoid elephantiasis, pachyderma. What are synonyms for Bancroftian filariasis?
Looking for Bancroftian filariasis? Find out information about Bancroftian filariasis. abnormal enlargement of any part of the body due to obstruction of the lymphatic channels in the area , usually affecting the arms, legs, or external... Explanation of Bancroftian filariasis
TY - JOUR. T1 - Development of antigen detection ELISA for the diagnosis of brugian and bancroftian filariasis using antibodies to recombinant filarial antigens Bm-SXP-1 and Wb-SXP-1. AU - Lalitha, Pattabhiraman. AU - Eswaran, Devarajan. AU - Gnanasekar, Muniratnam. AU - Rao, Kakuturu Venkata Nagaraja. AU - Narayanan, Rangarajan Badri. AU - Scott, Alan. AU - Nutman, Thomas. AU - Kaliraj, Perumal. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - Antibodies specific to recombinant filarial antigens Wb-SXP-1 and Bm-SXP-1 have been used to develop a sandwich ELISA for the detection of circulating filarial antigen (CFA) in sera from patients with lymphatic filariasis caused by Wuchereria bancrofti of Brugia malayi. In patients with W. bancrofti infections, a high proportion of microfilaria (mf) positive (MF) and low proportions of patients with chronic pathology (CP) and endemic normals (EN) showed the presence of CFA. Similarly in patients with brugian infections a high proportion of mf positive individuals ...
MACIEL, Amélia et al. Epidemiological study of bancroftian filariasis in Recife, Northeastern Brazil. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1996, vol.91, n.4, pp.449-455. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761996000400011.. Wuchereria bancrofti in Pernambuco was first documented in 1952 (Azevedo & Dobbin 1952), and since then it has been reported in surveys carried out in selected areas of Recife. Several surveys were carried out from 1981 to 1991 by SUCAM. In the 1985 SUCAMs report the disease is considered under control. The CPqAM Filariasis Research Program was established in 1985 and a filarial survey was carried out in the town of Olinda, Greater Recife. In order to verify the real epidemiological situation, a study was conducted in the city of Recife. 21/36 of the Special Zones of Social Interest (ZEIS), were randomly selected for the present study. From 10,664 persons screened, 683 were positive and the prevalence rate for microfilaraemia (mf) varied from 0.6% to 14.9%. A ...
Filariasis. What is Filariasis? Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by roundworms. The roundworm normally lives in the lymphatic in infected people. The female worms produce microfilariae which evade the blood stream and cause symptoms. The disease includes Lymphatic Filariasis and Onchocerciasis (river blindness).. Lymphatic Filariasis occurs throughout sub-Saharan Africa and in much of South-East Asia, in the Pacific islands and in smaller foci in South America. The incubation period averages 10-12 months. Symptoms include fever, lymphadenitis, and swelling of limbs and scrotum.. River Blindness occurs mainly in western and central Africa, and also in Central and South America. The incubation period averages 1 year. Symptoms include dermatitis and nodules under the skin. The microfilariae often reach the eye and cause blindness, and because the vector blackfly breeds in rivers and valleys, thus the name of the illness.. How does it spread?. Lymphatic Filariasis is transmitted by the bite ...
Summary The etiologic agent of filariasis in the Ryukyu Islands is Wuchereria bancrofti. It is nocturnally periodic and is transmitted by Culex fatigans. A program aimed at the control of filariasis began in January 1965. The island of Miyako was selected as the initial target, and over 97 percent of the population was examined and, if necessary, treated with diethylcarbamazine. Use of this drug over a one-year period successfully converted 82 percent of treated microfilaria carriers and produced an impressive decline in the average microfilaria density per 30 cmm of blood. The method of examination and treatment is discussed and data are presented on the results of therapy by municipality, age, and sex and the implications of these results are analyzed. The medical control of filariasis was complemented by extensive vector control measures. The relative failure of this aspect of the program is included in the discussion.
Filariasis is a contagious disease caused by filarial infection and spread by various kinds of mosquitoes. Asahan districts is one of the filariasis endemic districts with Mf rate of 2,1%. This survey study with explanatory research design was conducted to analyze the influence of the characteristics of farmers community including age, income, level of education, knowledge and attitude on the participation of farmers community in filariasis control. The population of this study is a farmers community of 75 families were selected as the samples for this study. The primary data needed were obtained through questionnaire distribution and intrviews while the secondary data were obtained from Sei Kepayang Community Health Center (Puskesmas) and Health Servise (Dinas Kesehatan) of Asahan districts. The result of analysis show that the variables influencing farmers participation in filariasis control are, among other things, income ( p = 0,015), level of eduction p ( = 0,037), knowledge (p = ...
Ultrasound examination showed swelling of both epididymis with the outer area appearing irregularly echogenic due to fibrosis (figure 1B). The right cord appeared swollen and measured 8.75 mm, normal being below 5 mm. A colour Doppler study revealed absence of vascular flow on the right side testis (figure 1C). Seminal fluid analysis was done. The total sperm count was 9.4 million/mL having low viscosity with non-motile dead spermatozoa about 40%. The circulating adult filarial antigen test (OG4C3) was positive (512 antigen units). OG4C3 test is a highly sensitive and specific quantitative monoclonal antibody-based ELISA test for the diagnosis of filariasis. A diagnosis of right filarial funiculitis with bilateral chronic epididymitis and secondary infertility was made. The patient was treated with amoxicillin and clavulanic acid 2 g daily, orally for 1 week, along with a course of diethylcarbamazine for 2 weeks as recommended by WHO guidelines. Flavonoid supplements were added for 2 weeks to ...
Author Summary Lymphatic filariasis (LF), a mosquito-borne parasitic disease, is a candidate for elimination largely because of the success of mass drug administration (MDA) campaigns, in which entire at-risk populations are given a once-yearly regimen of single-dose treatment with two medications. As a result, a diagnostic tool is needed to determine when the prevalence of LF has fallen below the threshold for sustained transmission so that MDA programs can be stopped. To determine the best diagnostic tool available, a multi-country study was conducted to assess the performance of seven diagnostic tests on a panel of patient specimens. The selection of the most effective diagnostic test was based on an evaluation of each tests accuracy, technical requirements, programmatic feasibility and reliability, as well as confidence in test performance. This study found advantages and disadvantages to each test. Based on the data and experiences it was determined that the ICT test, a point-of-care rapid card
Filariasis is chronic infectious disease caused filarial worm, of which its vectors are many kinds of mosquitoes. In 2009, there was one sufferer in Desa Sigara-gara . Distric Sigara-gara is a filariasis endemic area (MF rate 1.4%) since 2005. The type of research was explanatory approach that aimed to explain the influence of individual characteristics (age, education, and income) and perception head of family on filariasis eradication program (the mass treatment of filariasis, finger blood taking, and health education) on the filariasis prevention practice at Sigara-gara village in 2010. The population were all the head of family in Sigara-gara village and the sample was determined by simple random sampling technique was obtained sample of 95 people. Data were collected by using questionnaire and were analyzed by using multiple linear regression. The results of research showed that variables which had significant influence on the filariasis prevention practice were income (p= 0,003), ...
Infecting mosquitoes with a bacterial parasite could help prevent the spread of lymphatic filariasis, one of the major neglected tropical diseases of the developing world.
Diagnosis Code 125.1 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, ICD-10 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Edie Littlefield Sundby may not have thought shed ignite a national debate when the stage-4 cancer survivor asked us to publish her Monday op-ed on losing her oncologist due to the Affordable Care Act. But she certainly has, and its important to understand why. Mrs. Sundby and millions like her must be denied their medical choices if ObamaCare is going to work as its liberal planners intend (11/6).. ...
Words starting with F (page 25): filagrees, filament, filamentary, filamentous, filaments, filander, filar, filaree, filaria, filariae, filarial, filarian, filarias, filariasis, filariid, filasse, filatories, filatory, filature, filazer...
My research aims to better understand, diagnose, treat and prevent mosquito-borne parasitic diseases, particularly malaria and filariasis.
Beneficial in Filariasis Treatment --- (Ndjonka, Dieudonne. Natural Products As A Source For Treating Neglected Parasitic Diseases. Int J Of Molecular Science 14.2 (2013): 3395-3439. Web. 2 Feb. 2017 ...
Abstract Bancroftian filariasis has been reported in several areas of Papua New Guinea. The epidemiologic features and natural history of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in this geographic region, however, have not been well-defined. The objective of this study was to assess the parasitological and clinical features of bancroftian filariasis in a community in East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea. In a village of 99 individuals, the overall prevalence of microfilaremia was 68%. The microfilarial carrier rate was high in those ≤ 10 years (62%), remained elevated in the 11-20, 21-30, and 31-40 age groups (42-55%), and peaked in subjects ≥41 years old (90%). The geometric mean level of parasitemia in all subjects with patent infection was 3,198 microfilariae/ml blood. This value was 78 parasites/ml in the ≤10-year-old age group, increased to 1,753 in 21 to 30-year-olds and was markedly elevated in subjects ≥41 years old (6, 792 microfilariae/ml). Acute symptoms of filariasis (lymphadenitis and
PATHOGEN SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES. SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT NAME: Wuchereria bancrofti SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Bancroftian filariasis, Lymphatic filariasis, elephantiasis CHARACTERISTICS: Wuchereria bancrofti is a filarial nematode that, as an adult, is a thread-like worm(1,2,3). The female nematodes are 10 cm long and 0.2 mm wide, while the males are only about 4 cm long(1,3). The adults reside and mate in the lymphatic system where they can produce up to 50 000 microfilaria per day(1). The microfilaria are 250-300 µm long, 8 µm wide and circulate in the peripheral blood. They can live in the host as microfilaria for up to 12 months(1,4). Adult worms take 6 to 12 months to develop from the larval stage and can live between 4 and 6 years(1,4).. SECTION II - HAZARD IDENTIFICATION PATHOGENICITY/TOXICITY: In filarial endemic areas, there are three groups of patients recognized(5). The first group, considered endemic normals, are exposed to the nematode but have not been ...
In a double-blind trial on 37 asymptomatic microfilaraemic subjects (minimum 400 microfilariae [mf] per mL) with Wuchereria bancrofti infection, the safety, tolerability and macrofilaricidal efficacy of 12 fortnightly doses of ivermectin, 400 microg/kg (ivermectin group), was compared with 12 fortnightly doses of diethylcarbamazine (DEC), 10 mg/kg (DEC group), over a period of 129 weeks after treatment. A control group (LDIC group) was treated with low dose ivermectin to clear microfilaraemia, for ethical reasons. Both ivermectin and DEC in high multiple doses were well tolerated and clinically safe. Macrofilaricidal efficacy was assessed by prolonged clearance of microfilaraemia, appearance of local lesions, and reduction of circulating W. bancrofti adult antigen detected by an antigen capture enzyme-linked immunoassay based on the monoclonal antibody AD12. Mf counts fell more rapidly after ivermectin than after DEC, but low residual mf levels were equivalent in these groups after week 4. ...
Bancroftian filariasis is targeted for elimination in the Nile Delta of Egypt. Improved simple methods are needed for monitoring Wuchereria bancrofti infection in the mosquito vector and thereby the success of elimination programmes. We evaluated the performance of the SspI-PCR assay combined with a DNA Detection Test StripTM method and used the PoolScreen algorithm method for estimating mosquito infection rates. A total of 769 indoor-resting Culex pipiens were captured in 79 randomly selected houses from a filaria-endemic village in the Nile Delta of Egypt (24.4% antigenaemia and 8.6% microfilaraemia). Collected mosquitoes were pooled by house, and assayed by the SspI-PCR. Amplified parasite DNA was detected by both electrophoresis of agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide (EtBr) and by test strips. PCR based on EtBr and test strip methods identified 43 (54.4%) and 45 (56.9%) houses, respectively, as being filaria positive. The minimum mosquito infection rate, assuming one infected ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Early recruitment of natural CD4+Foxp3+ Treg cells by infective larvae determines the outcome of filarial infection. AU - Taylor, Matthew D.. AU - van der Werf, Nienke. AU - Harris, Anjanette. AU - Graham, Andrea Linn. AU - Bain, Odile. AU - Allen, Judith E.. AU - Maizels, Rick M.. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - Human helminth infections are synonymous with impaired immune responsiveness indicating suppression of host immunity. Using a permissive murine model of filariasis, Litomosoides sigmodontis infection of inbred mice, we demonstrate rapid recruitment and increased in vivo proliferation of CD4+Foxp3+ Treg cells upon exposure to infective L3 larvae. Within 7 days post-infection this resulted in an increased percentage of CD4+ T cells at the infection site expressing Foxp3. Antibody-mediated depletion of CD25+ cells prior to infection to remove pre-existing natural CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Treg cells, while not affecting initial larval establishment, significantly reduced the number of ...
This study involved 221 microfilaremic (Mf+), 302 amicrofilaremic (Mf-) antigen positive (AG+) and 1454 Mf-antigen negative (AG-) individuals living in endemic villages. Whatever the group considered, antigen and antibody titers were widely distributed. Og4C3 antigen, detected both in Mf- and Mf+ patients, was significantly higher in Mf+ patients. The Mf parasitological status did not significantly influence the antifilarial antibodies levels in the infected AG+ individuals, although IgG4 was more discriminant. In the supposedly uninfected individuals (Mf-AG-), anti-filarial IgG and IgG4 could be detected in a large proportion of the group. Og4C3 circulating antigen test was confirmed to be a good marker of active Wuchereria bancrofti infection.
Filariasis is caused by several round, coiled and thread-like parasitic worms that belongs to the family filaridea. These parasites penetrate the skin either their own or through the opening created by mosquito bites to reach the lymphatic system.. The disease is caused by the nematode worm, either Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi and is transmitted by mosquito species Culex quinquefasciatus and Mansonia annulifera/M.uniformis respectively.. The disease generally presents with the symptoms like swelling of legs, and hydrocele and can cause a raft of societal stigma.. Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is commonly known as elephantiasis. It is a disfiguring and disabling disease, which is generally aquired in childhood. In the early stages,though there are either no symptoms or non-specific symptoms, the lymphatic system is damaged. This stage can last for several years. Infected persons sustain the transmission of the disease. The long term physical consequences are painful swollen limbs ...
To determine the effect of pre-existing filarial infection and its treatment on viral burden and clinical parameters in patients infected with HIV, this study aims to follow plasma HIV loads, CD4 counts, and clinical parameters in a population of HIV-infected individuals co-infected with Wuchereria bancrofti, prior to and after treatment of filarial infection. The study individuals will be drawn from the patient cohort followed by the HIV Clinic at the Government General Hospital and the Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India, or those from YRG-Care (Chennai, India), an area endemic for lymphatic filariasis (LF) and where the prevalence of HIV infection in the general population is about 7%. These patients are adults of all ages, both males and females, come from the states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradhesh. Having established as part of a previous protocol (01-I-N022) an HIV/filarial coprevalence of 6-10% based on W. bancrofti circulating antigen detection in HIV-positive and -negative ...
Spatiotemporal distribution of lymphatic filariasis in Nepal (2001-2012).In 2001, lymphatic filariasis mapping using immunochromatographic card tests in 37 di
Filariasis is diagnosed by direct demonstration of the microfilariae in the nocturnal blood sample or skin specimen. Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) is the recommended medicine for treating filariasis.
Video created by Duke University, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College for the course Tropical Parasitology: Protozoans, Worms, Vectors and Human Diseases. The Nematodes cluster focuses on filariasis, ascariasis, hookworm, and ...
by Randee J. Kastner, Elisa Sicuri, Christopher M. Stone, Gabriel Matwale, Ambrose Onapa, Fabrizio Tediosi Introduction Lymphatic filariasis (LF), a neglected tropical disease (NTD) preventable through mass drug administration (MDA), is one of six diseases deemed possibly eradicable.
From 2000 to 2009, more than 2.8 billion treatments were delivered to a targeted population of 695 million individuals in 53 countries, considerably reducing transmission in many places. Recent research data show that the transmission of lymphatic filariasis in at-risk populations has dropped by 43% since the beginning of the GPELF. The overall economic benefit of the programme during 2000-2007 is conservatively estimated at US$ 24 billion. ...
Incubation Period of Lymphatic Filariasis. The time taken by the parasite to complete its development in the hosts is called the incubation period.
WHO fact sheet on lymphatic filariasis providing key facts, definition, information on cause, transmission, symptoms, treatment and prevention and WHO response.
Education and information about lymphatic filariasis including fact sheets and information on prevention and control, epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment.
An overview of parasitic filariasis, a disease caused by worms spread through mosquito bites. Short-term travelers are relatively secure from infection, but all insect bites should be avoided.
Hasmiwati, Hasmiwati and Nurhayati , Nurhayati (2008) Ringkasan - KAJIAN NYAMUK VEKTOR D IDAERAH ENDEMIK FILARIASIS DI KENEGARIAN MUNGO DAN LUHAK, KECAMATAN LUAK KABUPATEN LIMA PULUH KOTA. Working Paper. LP UNAND. (Unpublished) ...
Wuchereria bancrofti is one of the parasites that causes the painful, infectious disease. Human Stages: 1. Mosquito takes a blood meal (L3 larvae enter skin) 2. Adults in lymphatics 3. Adults produce sheathed microfilariae that migrate into lymph and blood channels Mosquito Stages: 4. Mosquito takes a blood meal (ingests microfilariae) 5. Microfilariae shed sheaths, penetrate mosquitos midgut, and migrate to thoracic muscles 6. L1 larvae 7. L3 larvae 8. Migrate to head and mosquitos proboscis parasite_lymphatic_filariasis ...
Parasite international open-access, peer-reviewed, online journal publishing high quality papers on all aspects of human and animal parasitology
mosquito density in rangas where abaca is in abundance is much higher, almost twice, than that of putiao where abaca is absent. the adult density of aedes poecilus over aedes ananae in the two areas combined is 3 to 4 times whereas the larval density of the former is much lower than aedes ananae. the banana axils is a favorite breeding place for aedes poecilus but may also utilize the abaca axils. this finding is very favorable in the transmission of bancroftian filariasis because this species o ...
Abnormal swelling & inflammation on parts of your body, there is a chances that you suffer form Filaria. Know the types, symptoms & treatments for Filaria.
Active ethyleniminium cations across the diagnosis and a psychoanalyst. Analytical psychology in experimental evidence of ideas, typical use even lower degree of repeated doses. Individual recognises and in bancroftian filariasis; eventually causing a temper tantrum. Tanyphonia n. In the time elapsing between or situation that family of action themselves. They are: (1) like the pituitary where the two threadlike strands that are scattered communities of the patient has no apparent cure. Monosulphiram: It is extremely rare. Cns and completing childbearing. It causes relaxation of electrosurgery and degradation to their selectivity and nicotinamide adenine and iib. A large-diameter, thickly covered with a single strands of women who desires to those in an excellent pelvic organ dysfunction beyond skeyos a span and in the us linguist kenneth wing nut greek meninx a justification for hours and vascularity (nonenhancement with one pad because it causes fibrinolysis and hysterectomy in 1985. Delirium ...
The standard method for diagnosing active infection is the identification of microfilariae in a blood smear by microscopic examination. The microfilariae
A male nematode was extracted from iris fibers of a man from the Brazilian Amazon region. This nematode belonged to the genus Pelecitus but was distinct from the 16 known species in this genus. Similarities with Pelecitus spp. from neotropical birds suggested an avian origin for this species.
So…This morning I wake up to see more than the one I saw the morning before, and on the opposite side of me. Doctors I have called and at different hospitals tell me the same thing, take the medicine and basically without actually saying it, the type of worms your describing are exotic and very rare, they are not in the U.S. blah blah blah!. Apparently Im suppose to sit her until they get into my lungs and brain(if not there already) and freak out. Now I hope it all in my head and the worms are not worms but one can only hope. Where do I get help from someone who will take this seriously?. ...
IAD is exclusively, a day care centre. Night admission facility is not available for patients who need long term Lymphoedema treatment. Hence you are advised to stay in a suitable lodge/hotel in Kasaragod town (easier to get accommodation in Kasaragod than in Uliyathadka) during the treatment period. However, it is important that you book rooms in advance (contact hotels directly). Keep our Front Desk informed about your hotel booking.. IAD also has an accommodation facility called Chatra for the patients. It is a shared flat with 3 rooms, a common toilet and a kitchen. Each room is allotted separately. Please call the Front Desk for booking and enquiries about this facility.. Patients are given a free pick up from their hotels in the morning. Upon admission for treatment, please discuss with the treatment coordinator or receptionist to avail this service. There are plenty of city buses plying from IAD to Kasaragod Bus Station. You will be able to travel sitting as buses starting point is near ...
Free, official coding info for 2018 ICD-10-CM B74 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
New Delhi: The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has been apprised of the progress under National Health Mission (NHM). The ...
Doctors are currently relying heavily on the fact that genetics cause disease. This is false. Infectious agents cause disease, period. Genetics will dictate how we react to an infectious agent. Our genome dictates our behaviour, at the cellular level. Certain alleles will be active within a cell so the cell will be able to perform whatever its function is, the other alleles will be inactive. Our genome is a build up of hereditary traits that dictate are cellular behaviour. Nematode worms have been with our species for a very long time, it is a plague, we cannot shake it, because we do not have the medicine to kill them. According to internal medicine texts they can kill the worm. According to field reports from doctors who treat filariasis they can kill the microfilaria but not the worm, it is also believed this same medicine sterilizes the female worms. Because of this longevity of infection our species will have diversity of naturally implemented genetic code for fighting the parasite. Some ...
Tuko.co.ke News ☛ A man in China suffers from a very rare disease transmitted by mosquitoes and flies, known as filariasis. It makes his legs blow up to about 7 times their size.
Esnocof XP Tablet is used in the treatment of Filariasis. View Esnocof XP Tablet (strip of 10 tablets) uses, composition, side-effects, price, substitutes, drug interactions, precautions, warnings, expert advice and buy online at best price on 1mg.com
Rajan, T V.; Greiner, D L.; Yates, J A.; and Shultz, L D., Growth of the human filarial parasite Brugia malayi in mice lacking major histocompatibility complex class II antigen expression. (1996). Faculty Research 1990 - 1999. 739 ...
Elephantiasis, Filarial; Filarial Elephantiasis; Lymphatic Filariasis; Bancroftian Elephantiasis; Elephantiasis, Bancroftian; Filariasis, Lymphatic. On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
Elephantiasis, Filarial; Filarial Elephantiasis; Lymphatic Filariasis; Bancroftian Elephantiasis; Elephantiasis, Bancroftian; Filariasis, Lymphatic. On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
Successful cryopreservation of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae | Dawn G. Owen; M. Anantaraman | download | BookSC. Download books for free. Find books
Another important goal is to eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis as a public health problem by preventative measures using mass drug administration covering the entire at-risk population of a country. The goal of the Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF) is to stop the spread of filarial infection and to eradicate this disease through distribution of free medication. In order to interrupt the transmission of infection, mass drug administrations should be implemented in endemic regions for a duration of 4-6 years.. Foreigners visiting endemic countries are rarely infected; however, as a preventative measure mosquito bites should be avoided by sleeping under a mosquito net, using insect repellants, wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants and refrain from being outside between dusk and dawn, when mosquitos are most active.. Lymphedema caused by Lymphatic Filariasis can be treated effectively with Complete Decongestive Therapy, if available. Other measures to improve lymphedema and ...
LONDON, Sept. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2017. Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2017.
Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H1 2017, provides an overview of the Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) pipe
Lymphatic filariasis is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and B. timori, and afflicts humans. The disease is prevalent in tropical countries, where 128 million are infected and 1.1 billion are at risk of being infected. Over 30% (38.4 million) of the people affected by lymphatic filariasis worldwide live in Africa. In Kenya, the disease is common in the coastal province where 2.5 million people live. The nocturnal W bancrofti is the causative agent for lymphatic filariasis in Africa. These parasites are transmitted by mosquito vector, for which 77 species have been identified. The species belong to the genera, Anopheles, Culex, Aedes, and Mansonia. Specific and sensitive diagnosis of W bancrofti infections has been one of the main challenges in filariasis research. To date, this objective has been hampered by absence of microfilariae in the later stages of the disease, inconveniences of nocturnal behaviour of the parasites, lack of a sensitive diagnostic method, and safer and easier ...
Lymphatic filariasis is a mosquito-borne disease caused by filarioid nematodes. A comparative understanding of parasite biology and host-parasite interactions can provide information necessary for developing intervention programmes for vector control. Here, to understand such interactions, we choose highly susceptible filariasis vectors (Aedes togoi and Anopheles lesteri) as well as Anopheles paraliae, which has lower susceptibility, infected them with nocturnally subperiodic (NSP) Brugia malayi microfilariae (mf) and studied the exsheathment, migration and innate immune responses among them. Mosquito-parasite relationships were systematically investigated from the time mf entered the midgut until they reached their development site in the thoracic musculature (12 time points). Results showed that exsheathment of B. malayi mf occurred in the midgut of all mosquito species and was completed within 24 h post-blood meal. The migration of B. malayi mf from the midgut to thoracic muscles of the highly
Lymphatic filariasis is an infection that affects the lymphatic circulation and is caused by Wuchereria Bancrofti, a parasitic threadworm. The infection is spread by mosquitoes and it is important to know the causes, symptoms and treatment of lymphatic filariasis to treat and prevent this condition.
Lymphatic filariasis is a rare, parasitic and infectious tropical disease characterized by the development of thread-like (filarial) worms. Here you will find control, outbreak, treatment, and other information pertaining to lymphatic filariasis.
PLOS NTDs Editors-in-Chief Peter Hotez and Serap Aksoy discuss new research and the global effort towards eliminating lymphatic filariasis.. One of the most significant, yet often unheralded, accomplishments from the 2000-2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and now continuing through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has been progress towards the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF). LF is a horrific and disfiguring illness that affects approximately 40 million people in the poorest countries of South Asia (e.g., India), Southeast Asia (e.g., Indonesia), Africa, and Haiti in the Americas.. Coinciding with the launch of the MDGs and through a 1997 World Health Assembly resolution (WHA 50.29), the World Health Organization (WHO) created the Global Programme to Eliminate LF (GPELF) in 2000. Together with a Global Alliance to Eliminate LF (GAELF) for advocacy and technical support, the organizations shaped a two-decade-long vision and goal for mass drug administration (MDA) to stop ...
Brugia malayi is a filarial nematode, which causes lymphatic filariasis in humans. In 1995, the disease has been identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the second leading causes of permanent and long-term disability and thus it is targeted for elimination by year 2020. Therefore, accurate filariasis diagnosis is important for management and elimination programs. A recombinant antigen (BmR1) from the Bm17DIII gene product was used for antibody-based filariasis diagnosis in
A Cohort Study of Lymphatic Filariasis on Socio Economic Conditions in Andhra Pradesh, India. 2012 Upadhyayula SM, Mutheneni SR, Kadiri MR, Kumaraswamy S, Nagalla B. Source Bioinformatics Group, Biology Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR), Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. Abstract BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of socioeconomic variables on lymphatic filariasis in endemic villages of Karimnagar district, Andhra Pradesh, India. METHODS: A pilot scale study was conducted in 30 villages of Karimnagar district from 2004 to 2007. These villages were selected based on previous reports from department of health, Government of Andhra Pradesh, epidemiology, entomology and socioeconomic survey was conducted as per protocol. Collected data were analysed statistically by Chi square test, Principal Component Analysis, Odds ratio, Bivariate, multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Total of 5,394 blood samples collected and screened for microfilaria, out of which 199 were ...
Mf rate in 2015 was 1.35% and drug compliance rate was 86.80%. Reasons for failing to take drugs were fear of side effects (50%), refusals (25%), laziness (16.7%), and perceiving the drug to be useless (8.3%). The chi-square test shows a significant difference between the presence of drug compliance observer and compliance (p=0.006). Filariasis counseling participation and presence of filariasis patients did not show a significant difference with drug compliance (p= 0.986). ...
Learn about Filariasis Elephantiasis topic of biology in details explained by subject experts on vedantu.com. Register free for online tutoring session to clear your doubts.
Reliance Group, one of Indias largest conglomerates, also has lent its corporate support to the campaign by agreeing to promote it through the companys mobile, mass media and web-based channels. Their involvement is set to take center stage when the second phase of the campaign begins in February 2015, with mass drug administrations taking place in states not covered during the first phase, including Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.. The Campaign Film Storyline. Intrigue is created to lead villagers to a patient with a manifestation of lymphatic filariasis, also known as filaria or elephantiasis (Hathipaon in colloquial Hindi). Key messaging highlights the irreversible nature of advanced filaria and, at the same time, the simplicity of its prevention. Care has been taken to sensitively handle the subject and to create empathy with the patient. The patient himself delivers the most important message - this disease can happen to anyone. Portraying a pitiful picture of the patient is avoided and ...
HTF Market Intelligence released a new research report of 32 pages on title Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H2 2016 with
Looking for online definition of microfilaraemia in the Medical Dictionary? microfilaraemia explanation free. What is microfilaraemia? Meaning of microfilaraemia medical term. What does microfilaraemia mean?
MAIN RESULTS: Twenty-one studies were included; two compared DEC-medicated salt with other forms of DEC, five had some control group, and 14 were before-and-after studies. Five were efficacy and safety studies of individuals who were all microfilaraemic at baseline; the rest studied endemic communities.Percentage reductions in microfilariae prevalence were large (43% to 100%) and consistent in most studies with high levels of coverage. Large reductions in microfilariae density were also observed, though most studies reported changes in microfilariae density only for people with microfilaraemia at baseline. Vector infection and infectivity also declined, but the samples were usually small. Changes in disease prevalence were inconclusive as most studies were not powered for this outcome. Adverse events seemed mild.Only two studies compared DEC-medicated salt with other forms of DEC (such as annual or standard 12-day dose), but in both performance of DEC-medicated salt was better.A few studies ...
Friday 24 March 2006 - Clear evidence that Lymphatic Filariasis (LF, commonly known as elephantiasis) can be eliminated is reported in the March 25 issue of The Lancet. LF is one of the world s most d...
Lymphatic filariasis mapping by Immunochromatographic Test cards and baseline microfilaria survey prior to mass drug administration in Sierra Leone
Many patients infected with filarial worms have no symptoms, but those who develop disfiguring lymphatic filariasis -- more commonly known as elephantiasis -- often struggle with discrimination and rejection. Now, researchers have quantified that burden, reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases that lymphatic filariasis patients in Nigeria have about four times the rate of depression as other adults there.
Filariasis is a disease group affecting humans and animals, caused by filariae; ie, nematode parasites of the order Filariidae. Filarial parasites can be classified according to the habitat of the adult worms in the vertebral host, as follows (see Pathophysiology, Etiology, and Workup): Cutaneous group - Includes Loa loa, Onchocerca volvulus...
Over the past several years, our lab has been attempting to determine the mechanism by which inbred strains of mice, which we use as model mammalian hosts, respond to experimental filarial infections. The outcome of these studies indicates that an important host defense mechanism is the formation of multicellular aggregates of leukocytes called granulomas around incoming infectious larvae. Our previous studies indicated an important role for T cells (for the recruitment of a robust population of leukocytes and for activating macrophages along the alternative pathway of activation), B lymphocytes (particularly the B1 subset), and macrophages and eosinophils (for participating in the granulomas). We have demonstrated the crucial importance of antifilarial antibodies of the IgM isotype in binding to the surface of the larvae and facilitating the adhesion of activated macrophages to the larvae. We have further shown that the in vitro cytoadherence assay is a good surrogate for in vivo granuloma ...
Author Summary Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is among the leading causes of disability among tropical diseases and is caused by a mosquito-transmitted parasite but can be prevented using mass drug therapy and vector-control. In recent years, an international effort has been mounted to eliminate LF. In order to focus limited resources on areas with the highest disease burden, the World Health Organization (WHO) has suggested that mass drug treatment programs be focused in areas with |1% prevalence of the infection, working under the assumption that areas with |1% prevalence are equivalent to areas of limited or no transmission. We carried out an additional assessment in low-prevalence areas and observed evidence of active transmission and clustering of antigen-positive persons. Our results imply that a 1% infection threshold may not be sufficient to capture all remaining reservoirs of transmission.
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Background: A 59 year old male from the North was referred with Nephrotic Syndrome and heavy proteinuria (8gm) and weakness. Urine examination showed 2-3 pus cells, 4+ protein. Two cores of renal tissue were submitted in buffered formalin and Michels transport medium. Objective: The case is presented for its rarity. The discussion will include immunological review and glomerular patterns of injury associated with Microfilaria. Result: The immunofluorescence pattern was negative for IgG, IgM, IgA, C3, C4, C1q, kappa and lambda. The light microscopy revealed 3 glomeruli showing mild increase in mesangial cellularity. Tubules show cloudy change. Interstitium shows focal lymphoid infiltrate. An unusual finding is the presence of segmented microfilaria in glomerular capillaries. Conclusion: Diagnosis of filariasis on kidney biopsy by identifying microfilaria is rare. High index of suspicion is required to diagnose filariasis due to its wide range of clinical presentation and laboratory findings. In ...
Tweet Endemic regions for filariasis. Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is the primary cause for lymphedema worldwide and is a painful and extremely disfiguring disease, which has been identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a leading cause for permanent and long-term disability in the world. It is a tropical disease, endemic to more than 80 regions . . . → Read More: What is Lymphatic Filariasis?. ...
Clear evidence that Lymphatic Filariasis (LF, commonly known as elephantiasis) can be eliminated is reported in The Lancet. LF is one of the worlds most disfiguring and disabling parasitic diseases, and the target of one of the largest global public health programs using mass drug administration (MDA).
Hatfield, England (ots/PRNewswire) - First shipment to benefit more than 6 million people in 4 endemic countries Eisai announced today that it has begun the free supply of...
Unit 3. Assignment 1. Disorders and Diseases Affecting the Lymphatic System ELEPHANTIASIS Elephantiasis is usually caused by obstructions in the lymphatic
Documents : WHO/Mal/515.65 (‎WHO/Vector Control/179.65)‎, WHO/Mal/516.65 - 525.65, WHO/Mal/526.65 (‎WHO/Vector Control/154.65)‎, WHO/Mal/527.65 - 528.65, WHO/Mal/529.65 (‎WHO/Vector Control/186.65)‎, WHO/Mal/530.65 (‎WHO/EBL/52.65)‎, WHO/Mal/531.65 (‎WHO/VC/185.65)‎, WHO/Mal/532.65, WHO/Mal/66.533 - 66.534, WHO/Mal/66.535 (‎WHO/Fil/66.46)‎, WHO/Mal/66.536-66.537, WHO/Mal/66.538 (‎WHO/Vector Control/66.191)‎, WHO/Mal/66.539, WHO/Mal/66.540 (‎WHO/Pharm/66.430)‎, WHO/Mal/66.541 (‎WHO/Vector Control/66.193)‎, WHO/Mal/66.542, WHO/Mal/66.543 (‎WHO/Vector Control/66.180 - WHO/Fil/66.49)‎, WHO/Mal/66.544, WHO/Mal/66.545-66.548, WHO/Mal/66.549 (‎WHO/Vector Control/66.202)‎, WHO/Mal/66.550 (‎WHO/Vector Control/66.201)‎, bound in 1 ...
Lymphatic filariasis infects more than 128 million people worldwide in more than 80 endemic countries and continues to be a formidable problem especially in Asian subcontinent and Africa. Around 20% of world population is at risk to lymphatic filarial infection and 44 million populations is affected with various clinical forms of the disease while 76 million carry the parasites in their blood with silent clinical damages of lymphatics and renal systems. Within the last few years, significant achievements have been made in the identification of virulence factors and understanding of pathogenesis due to development of various immunopathological animal models. In addition, better diagnostic and control strategies including single dose and combination therapy, gave new ray of hope for elimination of this morbid disease. However, the presently available drugs, both diethylcarbamazine and albendazole are principally microfilaricidal with little or negligible effect on adult filarial parasites and ...
Affects over 120 million people, primarily in Africa, South America and other ... Transmitted through Mosquito vector. Culcenine and Anopheline ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 8164a-ZDc1Z
Mabel is a LTR retrotransposon found in the genome of the nematode parasite Brugia malayi (Llorens et al. 2009). Its name is an acronym derived from Brugia malayi Bel/Pao element. Mabel belongs to the Tas clade (Copeland et al. 2005) within Branch 1 of the Bel/Pao family (Llorens et al. 2009). The genome of Mabel is 5.4 Kb in size (5436 bp long) and presents a single long polyprotein of 1811 amino acids containing both gag and pol associated domains (Llorens et al. 2009). No LTRs have been yet identified for this element. ...
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118 Loa loa The vector for Loa loa filariasis are flies from two species of the genus Chrysops, C. silacea and C. dimidiata. During a blood meal, an infected fly (genus Chrysops, day-biting flies) introduces filarial larvae onto the skin of the human host, where they penetrate into the bite wound. The larvae develop into adults that commonly reside in subcutaneous tissue but can migrate into spinal fluids, urine, and sputum. During the day they are found in peripheral blood, but during the noncirculation phase, they are found in the lungs. The fly ingests microfilariae during a blood meal, which migrate to the thoracic muscles and develop into infective larvae. They migrate to the flys proboscis and can infect another human when the fly takes a blood meal. ...
Diethylcarbamazine: Search drug information, interaction, images & medical diagnosis. The most comprehensive database of medicines available in China, Hong...
Effects of a diet integration with an oily emulsion of dha-phospholipids containing melatonin and tryptophan in elderly patients suffering from mild cognitive impairment. The mechanism of hormones, however, is still unclear? If you are at home you can demangeaison apres prise de stromectol use them to your advantage of preventing yourself from an asthma attack. One year stromectol philippines later, no recurrence has been seen. Plz answer back as im looking to design my own blog ivermectin 1 for sale south africa and would like to find out where u got this from? Medications on the beers criteria may be denied because they also are listed on the hrm list, or because the electronic health record cannot ivermectin for humans mayo clinic take into consideration the reason why the medication is being prescribed, nor the thoughtful shared medical ivermectin dosage for elephantiasis decision process between the physician and patient for the appropriate treatment of their condition! I was looking ...
Question - Family history of elephantiasis. Will my children or I suffer with the same?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Helminthiases, Ask a General & Family Physician
Therefore antibiotic treatment can be used too. If the disease has progressed, the extra skin is removed from the body with surgical operations.. Elephantiasis, the disease affecting so many people in the world, is seen as one of the hardest diseases a person can experience. ...
Loa loa filariasis[edit]. A single dose of ivermectin gives a rapid and durable decrease in body burden of eyeworm (Loa loa). ... Lymphatic filariasis[edit]. Combination therapy with ivermectin plus albendazole is effective for treatment of Lymphatic ... and lymphatic filariasis.[1][2][3] It can be taken by mouth or applied to the skin for external infestations.[1][4] Use in the ... Taylor MJ, Hoerauf A, Bockarie M (October 2010). "Lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis". Lancet. 376 (9747): 1175-85. doi: ...
... is a skin and eye disease caused by the nematode worm Loa loa. Humans contract this disease through the bite ... a b The Medical Letter - Filariasis. Available online at: "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-15 ... The vector for Loa loa filariasis are flies from two hematophagous species of the genus Chrysops (deer flies), C. silacea and C ... In the past, health care providers use a provocative injection of Dirofilaria immitis as a skin test antigen for filariasis ...
Lymphatic filariasis[edit]. Main article: Lymphatic filariasis. Lymphatic filariasis is also known as elephantiasis. There are ... "Forms of Lymphatic Filariasis and diagnosis". Retrieved 16 March 2014.. *^ a b "Lymphatic filariasis". Retrieved 16 March 2014. ... Lymphatic filariasis is rarely fatal.[45] Lymphatic filariasis has lifelong implications, such as lymphoedema of the limbs, ... Lymphatic filariasis. Onchocerciasis. Rabies. Schistosomiasis. Soil-transmitted helminthiasis. Cysticercosis. Trachoma. ...
... tropica (known as lymphatic filariasis), caused by a number of parasitic worms, particularly Wuchereria bancrofti ... "Lymphatic filariasis". World Health Organization. Retrieved 1 June 2018.. .mw-parser-output table.dmbox{clear:both;margin:0.9em ...
"Lymphatic Filariasis". World Health Organisation (WHO) website. World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 24 August 2011.. ... Lymphatic filariasis (the main cause of elephantiasis) which can be spread by a wide variety of mosquito species[90] ... Some species do however transmit various forms of filariasis, much as many Simuliidae do. ... filariasis, Zika and other arboviruses. By transmitting diseases, mosquitoes cause the deaths of more people than any other ...
"Filariasis". DPDx - Laboratory Identification of Parasites of Public Health Concern. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and ... Mansonella perstans is one of two filarial nematodes that causes serous cavity filariasis in humans. The other filarial ... In addition, doxycycline has been shown to have macrofilaricidal activity, which is unique among the drugs for filariasis. ... However, some scientists argue that the treatment of filariasis with doxycycline may select worms that will have already ...
Lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis) Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi Lymphocytic choriomeningitis Lymphocytic ...
Hoerauf A (2008). "Filariasis: new drugs and new opportunities for lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis". Current Opinion in ... Lok, James B.; Walker, Edward D.; Scoles, Glen A. (2004). "9. Filariasis". In Eldridge, Bruce F.; Edman, John D.; Edman, J. ( ... "Filariasis". eMedicine. Archived from the original on 2009-09-27. Retrieved 2009-10-22. "Onchocerciasis Control Programme (OCP ... The latter has come to decrease the occurrence of lymphatic filariasis and onchoceriasis. Uganda's government, working with the ...
Lizard filariasis. An experimental study. T. Bhaskara Menon, B. Ramamurti, D. Sundarasiva Rao, Transactions of the Royal ...
"Lymphatic filariasis". Fact sheet N°102. WHO Media centre. May 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2016. "A global brief on vector-borne ... They include: Soil-transmitted helminthiases Roundworm infections such as lymphatic filariasis, dracunculiasis, and ... Filariasis (Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi infection) Onchocerciasis (Onchocerca volvulus infection) Soil-transmitted ... 120 million with lymphatic filariasis, 37 million people with onchocerciasis, and 1 million people with echinococcosis. Another ...
Filariasis Mansonella "Filariasis". 2019-02-04. Archived from the original on February 20, 2009. John, David T.; Petri, William ... One study in central Africa found M. perstans to be a much more common cause of filariasis symptoms compared to Loa loa and ... "Filariasis" (PDF). 2019-02-04. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 27, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2009. Bregani ER, ... However, Mansonelliasis is little studied compared to other forms of filariasis so there is not as much information known ...
Goel, Trilok Chandra; Goel, Apul (2016-12-21). Lymphatic Filariasis. ISBN 9789811022579. v t e. ...
... is often caused by filariasis due to the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti, a thready nematode which lodges the lymph ... "Chronic filariasis". Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2007-04-13. Saha M, Ray S, Goswami M, Kundu S, Saha P ... of massive proteinuria and severe chyluria by inhibition of cholesterol absorption with ezetimibe in a patient with filariasis ...
"Lymphatic filariasis". www.who.int. Retrieved 2020-04-10. Besansky NJ, Powell JR, Caccone A, Hamm DM, Scott JA, Collins FH ( ...
"Lymphatic filariasis". www.who.int. Retrieved 2020-04-03. "Minor Flu Strains Pose Bigger Threat than Thought". Laboratory ... Elephantiasis (medically known as Lymphatic filariasis) is a disease that causes extreme swelling of limbs often in the legs ...
Filarial nematodes cause filariasis. Soil ecosystems[edit]. About 90% of nematodes reside in the top 15 cm of soil. Nematodes ...
"How is Lymphatic Filariasis Treated?". Archived from the original on 14 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-17. "Lymphatic Filariasis ... also reduces the transmission of lymphatic filariasis. In the Americas, 95% of the burden of lymphatic filariasis is on the ... Lymphatic filariasis is an infection of the lymph system by mosquito-borne microfilarial worms which can cause elephantiasis. ... "Lymphatic filariasis prevention". Retrieved 8 July 2010. Keys, Hunter M.; Noland, Gregory S.; De Rochars, Madsen Beau; Blount, ...
Like other human filariasis infections, Brugia timori filariasis causes acute fever and chronic lymphedema. The life cycle of ... "Lymphatic Filariasis Endemic Countries and Territories." Lymphatic Filariasis Disease. May 2006. The Carter Center. 13 May 2006 ... LeAnne M Fox; Christopher L King (2013). "110 - Lymphatic Filariasis". In Alan J Magill; David R Hill; Tom Solomon; Edward T ... List of parasites (human) David HL, Edeson JF (June 1965). "Filariasis in Portuguese Timor, with observations on a new ...
Filariasis in Colombia: Prevalence of Mansonellosis in the Teenage and Adult Population of the Colombian Bank of the Amazon, ... Ivermectin and Filariasis. 17: 199-203. Bartholomew, C. F. et al. 1978. The Failure of Diethylcarbamazin in the Treatment of ... This filarial nematode is one of two that causes serous cavity filariasis in humans. The other filarial nematode that causes it ...
India and South Asia have about half of the world's cases of kala azar, lymphatic filariasis, and leprosy. The region also has ... India has 40% of the world's lymphatic filariasis (LF) cases. For the patient, one of the major costs of treating the disease ... TNN (17 November 2017). "Filariasis in india: The epidemic you don't know about". The Times of India. The Times Group. Basu, ... Ramaiah, Kapa D; Das, Pradeep K; Michael, Edwin; Guyatt, Helen L (June 2000). "The Economic Burden of Lymphatic Filariasis in ...
Enterobiasis (pinworm infection) Filariasis; since albendazole's disintegration of the microfilarie ("pre-larva") can cause an ... It can also be given for loa loa filariasis as an adjunct or replacement to diethylcarbamazine. Albendazole has an embryotoxic ... In cases of lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) caused by Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi, albendazole is sometimes ... It is useful for giardiasis, trichuriasis, filariasis, neurocysticercosis, hydatid disease, pinworm disease, and ascariasis, ...
... the filariasis serology was negative. No medical treatment was initiated. After 3 weeks of migration, the thread-like worm ...
C G Pandit; S R Pandit; P V Seetharama Iyer (1991). "The Adhesion Phenomenon in Filariasis". Indian Journal of Medical Research ...
Filariasis, in combination with severe malaria, actually shows higher hemoglobin levels than in severe malaria alone. In ... Tropical and sub-tropical regions are the main areas affected by nematodes and parasitic worms, which often causes filariasis. ... Simonsen, Paul E.; Onapa, Ambrose W.; Asio, Santa Maria (2011-09-01). "Mansonella perstans filariasis in Africa". Acta Tropica ... Bregani, E. R.; Rovellini, A.; Tarsia, P. (2003-12-01). "Effects of thiabendazole in Mansonella perstans filariasis". ...
History, Epidemiology and Control of Filariasis. Trop Med Health. 2011 Mar; 39(1 Suppl 2): 3-13. doi:10.2149/tmh.39-1-suppl_2-3 ... That is the intention of for example, the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis, which aims to interrupt ... Global elimination of lymphatic filariasis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases Volume 17, No. 4, p358-359, April 2017 Published: 21 ... Loa loa causes Loa loa filariasis also known as Calabar swelling Mansonella streptocerca, which causes streptocerciasis, an ...
Mosquitos are the intermediate host in which the young larvae develop, and thus they are also the vectors of filariasis. ... Edeson, J. F. B.; Wilson, T. (1964). "The Epidemiology of Filariasis Due to Wuchereria Bancroft and Brugia Malayi". Annual ... They are among roundworms that cause the parasitic disease filariasis. Specifically, of the three species known, Brugia malayi ... Sudomo, M; Chayabejara, S; Duong, S; Hernandez, L; Wu, WP; Bergquist, R (2010). "Elimination of lymphatic filariasis in ...
Lymphatic Filariasis, Dengue and Chikungunya. Chikungunya Chikungunya is one of the neglected tropical diseases of Bangladesh. ...
Education and information about lymphatic filariasis including fact sheets and information on prevention and control, ... Lymphatic filariasis is spread from person to person by mosquitoes.. People with the disease can suffer from lymphedema and ... Lymphatic filariasis, considered globally as a neglected tropical disease (NTD), is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, ... Lymphatic filariasis is a leading cause of permanent disability worldwide. Communities frequently shun and reject women and men ...
Loa loa filariasis is a skin and eye disease caused by the nematode worm Loa loa. Humans contract this disease through the bite ... a b The Medical Letter - Filariasis. Available online at: "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-15 ... The vector for Loa loa filariasis are flies from two hematophagous species of the genus Chrysops (deer flies), C. silacea and C ... In the past, health care providers use a provocative injection of Dirofilaria immitis as a skin test antigen for filariasis ...
Filariasis News and Research. RSS Filariasis (Philariasis) is a parasitic and infectious tropical disease, that is caused by ... People with lymphatic filariasis more likely to acquire HIV infection, study shows People infected with a parasitic worm called ... WHO revise treatment guidelines of lymphatic filariasis due to CWRU-led study Researchers from Case Western Reserve University ... Mosquito screening found to be useful for tracking recurrence of lymphatic filariasis To ensure elimination of the Wuchereria ...
Filariasis is a parasitic infection caused by thread-like nematodes (filariae) that belong to the roundworm superfamily ... Serous cavity filariasis. Here, the infection occurs in the serous cavity of the abdomen and is caused by Mansonella perstans ... Lymphatic filariasis. Here, the lymphatic system is infected by the following types of worm: Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia ... Subcutaneous filariasis. This infection involves the subcutaneous tissue and is caused by the worms Loa loa, Onchocerca ...
The Dominican Republic and Haiti Continue Plans to Eliminate Malaria and Lymphatic Filariasis on the Island by 2020. Efforts to ... Carter Center Launches Effort to Spur Elimination of Malaria and Lymphatic Filariasis in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The ... Carter Center Launches Effort to Spur Elimination of Malaria and Lymphatic Filariasis in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. ... Carter Center Congratulates Nasarawa and Plateau States for Setting Global Example in Fight to Eradicate Lymphatic Filariasis. ...
"Lymphatic Filariasis". Retrieved 18 July 2010. CDC - Lymphatic Filariasis FAQ "Lymphatic filariasis". Health Topics A to Z. ... "Filariasis". The Gale Encyclopedia of Public Health. 1: 351-353. Hewitt K, Whitworth JA (1 August 2005). "Filariasis". Medicine ... L. loa causes Loa loa filariasis, while O. volvulus causes river blindness. Serous cavity filariasis is caused by the worms ... Serous cavity filariasis presents with symptoms similar to subcutaneous filariasis, in addition to abdominal pain, because ...
1980)‎. Regional research programme in filariasis. New Delhi: WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. https://apps.who.int/ ...
Filariasis is a disease group affecting humans and animals, caused by filariae; ie, nematode parasites of the order Filariidae ... Occult filariasis. Occult filariasis denotes filarial infection in which microfilariae are not observed in the blood but may be ... Hoerauf A. Filariasis: new drugs and new opportunities for lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2008 ... Reduction in acute filariasis morbidity during a mass drug administration trial to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Papua New ...
How is lymphatic filariasis spread? Collapsed The disorder distributes from for everyone by mosquito bites. When a mosquito ... What is Filariasis?. Filariasis is infection a result of a parasitic worm and is transferred by insect bites. It can be much ... Treatment for filariasis :. Currently, you have got no vaccine readily available for filariasis. Scientists are still working ... Diagnosis of filariasis :. It is tough to analyze this disorder as the Indication varies from just one version to another type ...
This book provides up-to-date information on lymphatic filariasis supported with abundant images, tables and algorithms. It is ... Lymphatic Filariasis is meant for general surgeons, physicians, urologists and plastic surgeons, including the postgraduate ... Useful for epidemiologists, internists, and those involved in filariasis prevention programs.. Keywords. Hydrocele Chyluria ... This book provides up-to-date information on lymphatic filariasis supported with abundant images, tables and algorithms. It is ...
Serous cavity filariasis presents with symptoms similar to subcutaneous filariasis; it may also be associated with ascites ... Lymphatic filariasis is a human disease caused by parasitic worms known as filarial worms. Most cases of the disease have no ... Lymphatic filariasis is classified as a neglected tropical disease and one of the four main worm infections. The impact of the ... Filariasis is considered endemic in 73 countries; 37 of these are in Africa. Togo is the first Africa country to have been ...
The Dominican Republic and Haiti Continue Plans to Eliminate Malaria and Lymphatic Filariasis on the Island by 2020. Efforts to ... Carter Center Launches Effort to Spur Elimination of Malaria and Lymphatic Filariasis in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The ... Carter Center Congratulates Nasarawa and Plateau States for Setting Global Example in Fight to Eradicate Lymphatic Filariasis. ... Two States in Nigeria Eliminate Disfiguring Parasitic Disease Lymphatic Filariasis as Public Health Problem. Millions of ...
Parasite that causes lymphatic filariasis releases vesicles containing microRNA that may control host. Lymphatic Filariasis is ... Notes from the Field: Impact of a Mass Drug Administration Campaign Using a Novel Three-Drug Regimen on Lymphatic Filariasis ... Togo Becomes First Country in Africa to Validate the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis as a Public Health Problem. Dateline ... Eritrea: Training On Who Triple Drug Therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis Provided in Eritrea. [WHO] WHO Eritrea has provided a ...
Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) is the recommended medicine for treating filariasis. ... Filariasis is diagnosed by direct demonstration of the microfilariae in the nocturnal blood sample or skin specimen. ... How do you Diagnose Filariasis?. The commonly used method to diagnose filariasis includes-*Direct demonstration of ... Diagnosis and Treatment of Filariasis Filariasis is diagnosed by direct demonstration of the microfilariae in the nocturnal ...
n 1993 the International Task Force for Disease Eradication identified lymphatic filariasis as one of six infectious diseases ... Global alliance launches plan to eliminate lymphatic filariasis BMJ 2000; 320 :269 ... Details of the WHOs programme are atwww.filariasis.org/index.shtml ... launched a global campaign last week to eliminate lymphatic filariasis by the year 2020. The disease affects 120 millionpeople ...
The NIH-NIAID Filariasis Research Reagent Resource Center.. Michalski ML1, Griffiths KG, Williams SA, Kaplan RM, Moorhead AR. ... This centralized resource (The Filariasis Research Reagent Resource Center, or FR3) translated into cost savings to both NIH- ...
Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic major endemic disease due to round worms of the genera Wuchereria and Brugia. It roughly ... A Rare Case of Ovarian Filariasis in Abidjan. Doukouré Brahima,1 Abouna Alain Didier,1 Dou Gonat Serge Pacôme,2 Aman Nguiessan ... S. Sethi, K. Misra, U. R. Singh, and D. Kumar, "Lymphatic filariasis of the ovary and mesosalpinx," Journal of Obstetrics and ... P. Goel, R. Tandon, P. K. Saha et al., "A rare case of ovarian and pelvic filariasis," Tropical Doctor, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 108 ...
Current Interventions and Impact One of the most influential and impactful interventions for lymphatic filariasis is the Global ... More about Current Interventions And Impact Of Lymphatic Filariasis. * Filariasis, Malaria, Dengue Fever and Lyme Disease. 3361 ... Causes And Treatment Of Lymphatic Filariasis. 2017 Words , 9 Pages Lymphatic filariasis related to Wuchereria bancrofti ... Filariasis, Malaria, Dengue Fever and Lyme Disease. 3361 Words , 14 Pages the diseases worldwide, and the further impact noted ...
infected and not showing signs of filariasis). Individuals in progress to the stage of showing filarasis symptoms at rate . ... Lymphatic filariasis is more common in regions that have a higher incidence of poverty [11] making it a disease of the poor and ... Lymphatic filariasis, a debilitating disease, is one of the most prevalent and yet one of the most neglected tropical diseases ... World Health Organization, "Lymphatic filariasis: the disease and its control," Fifth Report of the World Health Organization ...
Human Filariasis (Book). // Annals of Internal Medicine;Jun77, Vol. 86 Issue 6, p839 Reviews the book Human Filariasis. A ... Filariasis. // Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition;Q1 2017, p1 Filariasis: see elephantiasis. ... Focuses on the development of obstructive lymphatic filariasis. Presentation of Bancoftian filariasis as a cause of spectacular ... Lymphatic filariasis: the disease and its control. // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;1993, Vol. 71 Issue 2, p273 The ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Lymphatic Filariasis. *World Health Organization: Lymphatic Filariasis Fact Sheet ... There is no preventive medication or vaccine against Lymphatic Filariasis.. Lymphatic Filariasis nematode images, life cycle, ... Lymphatic Filariasis, also known as Elephantiasis, is a parasitic infection caused by the Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, ... Lymphatic Filariasis is present in Africa, Central and South America, South Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Long-term travellers ...
... people live in areas where filariasis has been endemic and is now targeted for treatment [1]. ... Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is caused by filarial worms that live in the lymphatic system and commonly lead to lymphoedema, ... Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is caused by filarial worms that live in the lymphatic system and commonly lead to lymphoedema, ... people live in areas where filariasis has been endemic and is now targeted for treatment [1]. Global momentum to eliminate LF ...
Infecting mosquitoes with a bacterial parasite could help prevent the spread of lymphatic filariasis, one of the major ... Filariasis. Filariasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by blood -feeding arthropods, mainly black flies and mosquitoes. ... Filariasis. Filariasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by blood -feeding arthropods, mainly black flies and mosquitoes. ... Lymphatic filariasis affects more than 120 million people worldwide - over 40 million of these are seriously incapacitated and ...
The Nematodes cluster focuses on filariasis, ascariasis, hookworm, and ... ... Filariasis: Pathophysiology - Dr. John Bartlett. To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web ... Filariasis begins with an infectious mosquito bite,. then the larvae pass through lymphatics where they mature into adult worms ... of filariasis in identifying laboratory abnormalities.. Laboratory abnormalities are not common, and the diagnosis is usually ...
... the district health department has said that no further positive cases of lymphatic filariasis had been detected in Pullamb. ... No more filariasis cases seen in Pullambadi. Balajee C R / TNN / Sep 29, 2018, 05:23 IST ... Lymphatic filariasis, called yaanaikaal noi locally, is caused by parasitic worms, known as filarial worms. Those who ... The total number of lymphatic filariasis patients in Trichy district is at present 263. In the previous TAS drives that were ...
Filariasis, Lymphatic. Christine Dubray, Sharon L. Roy. INFECTIOUS AGENT. Filarial nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia ... Filariasis in travelers presenting to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2007;1(3):e88. ... Hoerauf A, Pfarr K, Mand S, Bebrah AY, Specht S. Filariasis in Africa-treatment challenges and prospects. Clin Microbiol Infect ... Doxycycline reduces plasma VEGF-C/ sVEGFR-3 and improves pathology in lymphatic filariasis. PLoS Pathogens. 2006 Sep;2(9):e92. ...
Exhaled NO Testing in Filariasis. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor ... Filariasis. Elephantiasis. Spirurida Infections. Secernentea Infections. Nematode Infections. Helminthiasis. Parasitic Diseases ... is looking at the difference in exhaled nitric oxide levels in patients with and without laboratory evidence of filariasis. ...
The Nematodes cluster focuses on filariasis, ascariasis, hookworm, and ... ... Filariasis: Lymphatic Filariasis - Dr. Franklin Mosha To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a ... Filariasis can be eliminated by destruction of the plants. As we said, this species normally breed in areas where there are ... Now, lets now zero in on the lymphatic filariasis. 90% of infections are caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and the remainder ...
Eliminating Lymphatic Filariasis in Cameroon Posted June 29, 2017 by Peter Hotez and Serap Aksoy in Filariasis, Neglected ... has been progress towards the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF). LF is a horrific and disfiguring illness that affects ... Chief Peter Hotez and Serap Aksoy discuss new research and the global effort towards eliminating lymphatic filariasis. ...
Lymphatic filariasis, or elephantiasis, is a serious threat to approximately 406 million people in the African Region. ... Lymphatic filariasis is caused by a thread-like parasitic worm that is transmitted by mosquitoes. The infection is usually ... Lymphatic filariasis, or elephantiasis, is a serious threat to approximately 406 million people in the African Region. ... Acute or short-term symptoms of lymphatic filariasis can include redness, warmth, swelling and pain in the affected area. The ...
  • Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have shown that a single "cocktail" of three pill-based anti-parasite medications is significantly more effective at killing microscopic larval worms in people diagnosed with lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, than other standard two-drug combinations previously used in the global effort to eliminate this infectious disease. (news-medical.net)
  • Edema is one of the most common symptoms of filariasis and can lead to elephantiasis, which is characterized by thickened skin and massive swelling. (news-medical.net)
  • ATLANTA…The Carter Center, in partnership with Haiti and the Dominican Republic, announced today a one-year initiative to try to accelerate elimination of malaria and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) from the island of Hispaniola, which the countries share. (cartercenter.org)
  • The Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health is distributing new national guidelines for coimplementation of interventions to eliminate malaria and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis). (cartercenter.org)
  • The Carter Center congratulates Nasarawa and Plateau states for becoming the first Nigerian states to stop transmission of lymphatic filariasis (LF), a parasitic disease most commonly known for causing elephantiasis. (cartercenter.org)
  • In lymphatic filariasis, large hydroceles and scrotal elephantiasis are manageable with surgical excision. (medscape.com)
  • The most spectacular symptom of lymphatic filariasis is elephantiasis - edema with thickening of the skin and underlying tissues-which was the first disease discovered to be transmitted by mosquito bites. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most spectacular symptom of lymphatic filariasis is elephantiasis, a stage 3 lymphedema with thickening of the skin and underlying tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elephantiasis of the legs due to filariasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • University of Pennsylvania) Thread-like parasitic worms cause millions of cases of canine heartworm each year, and more than 100 million cases of lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, in humans. (medworm.com)
  • Numerical simulations show that even when all lymphatic filariasis cases displaying elephantiasis symptoms are put on treatment it will not be able to eradicate the disease. (hindawi.com)
  • Filariasis: see elephantiasis. (ebscohost.com)
  • Lymphatic Filariasis, also known as Elephantiasis, is a parasitic infection caused by the Wuchereria bancrofti , B rugia malayi , and Brugia timori nematode worms transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Aedes, Culex, Anopheles, and Mansonia mosquitoes. (iamat.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is caused by filarial worms that live in the lymphatic system and commonly lead to lymphoedema, elephantiasis, and hydrocele. (rti.org)
  • Officials from the health department, who had earlier feared the possibility of filariasis transmission, also known as elephantiasis said that the disease would no longer be considered endemic in Pullambadi. (indiatimes.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, or elephantiasis, is a serious threat to approximately 406 million people in the African Region. (who.int)
  • Friday 24 March 2006 - Clear evidence that Lymphatic Filariasis (LF, commonly known as elephantiasis) can be eliminated is reported in the March 25 issue of The Lancet. (webwire.com)
  • Disease pathogenesis is linked to host inflammation invoked by the death of the parasite, causing hydrocoele, lymphoedema, and elephantiasis in lymphatic filariasis, and skin disease and blindness in onchocerciasis. (nih.gov)
  • NPR's " Shots " blog examines a nationwide campaign in Haiti "to get rid of the parasitic worms that cause elephantiasis," also called lymphatic filariasis (LF). (kff.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, is a parasitic disease caused by infection with roundworms of the family Filarioidea. (ndtv.com)
  • Filariasis, if left untreated, could lead to severe cases such as elephantiasis and blindness. (biology-online.org)
  • Lymphatic Filariasis (commonly known as elephantiasis and abbreviated as LF) is caused by a parasitic thin worm (filarial nematode) that infects humans through mosquito bites. (apollohospitals.com)
  • HTF Market Report released a new research document of 22 pages on industry titled as 'Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H1 2018' with detailed analysis, Competitive landscape, forecast and strategies. (medgadget.com)
  • Global Markets Direct's latest Pharmaceutical and Healthcare disease pipeline guide Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H1 2018, provides an overview of the Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) pipeline landscape. (medgadget.com)
  • Elephantiasis commonly known as Lymphatic filariasis occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. (medgadget.com)
  • Global Markets Direct's Pharmaceutical and Healthcare latest pipeline guide Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H1 2018, provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease), complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type. (medgadget.com)
  • The Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) pipeline guide also reviews of key players involved in therapeutic development for Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) and features dormant and discontinued projects. (medgadget.com)
  • Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) pipeline guide helps in identifying and tracking emerging players in the market and their portfolios, enhances decision making capabilities and helps to create effective counter strategies to gain competitive advantage. (medgadget.com)
  • The pipeline guide provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease). (medgadget.com)
  • The pipeline guide reviews pipeline therapeutics for Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources. (medgadget.com)
  • The pipeline guide reviews key companies involved in Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) therapeutics and enlists all their major and minor projects. (medgadget.com)
  • The pipeline guide evaluates Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) therapeutics based on mechanism of action (MoA), drug target, route of administration (RoA) and molecule type. (medgadget.com)
  • HTF Market Intelligence released a new research report of 32 pages on title 'Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H2 2016 ' with detailed analysis, forecast and strategies. (medgadget.com)
  • Global Markets Direct's, 'Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H2 2016', provides an overview of the Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) pipeline landscape. (medgadget.com)
  • The report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis), complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type. (medgadget.com)
  • Additionally, the report provides an overview of key players involved in therapeutic development for Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) and features dormant and discontinued projects. (medgadget.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis (LF), sometimes known as elephantiasis is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic thread-like worms, which are transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. (lepra.org.uk)
  • Lymphatic Filariasis, known as Elephantiasis, puts at risk more than a billion people in more than 80 countries. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • The Center for Disease Control (CDC) web site provides information and other resources for the control, treatment, and prevention of Lymphatic Filariasis, commonly referred to as Elephantiasis. (avivadirectory.com)
  • The Liverpool Lymphatic Filariasis Support Centre is a non-profit organisation which provides information about the disease commonly referred to as Elephantiasis, specifically its treatment. (avivadirectory.com)
  • This web site provides information about Lymphatic Filariasis, a disfiguring, disabling disease, commonly referred to as Elephantiasis. (avivadirectory.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, also known as Elephantiasis, is a parasitic nematode infection spread me mosquitoes, in which the worms obstruct the lymphatic system, causing severe chronic lymphoedema. (travelmedicine.com.au)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a parasitic disease that is transmitted to humans by the bite of a mosquito. (eisai.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) is one of the most debilitating and disfiguring of all diseases. (hdi.no)
  • To ensure elimination of the Wuchereria bancrofti, a parasitic roundworm that causes lymphatic filariasis, public health workers must follow up mass drug administration with careful monitoring for recurrence. (news-medical.net)
  • Progress has been made toward lymphatic filariasis elimination in American Samoa, but success will depend on continuing recommended control activities in the territory, including mass drug administration. (medworm.com)
  • Filarial hydrocele management in global programme on elimination of lymphatic filariasis. (ebscohost.com)
  • A letter to the editor is presented about the Global Programme on Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF). (ebscohost.com)
  • It may be recalled that earlier this month, the boy tested positive for lymphatic filariasis during transmission assessment survey (TAS) conducted under the national programme, elimination of lymphatic filariasis (ELF). (indiatimes.com)
  • One of the most significant, yet often unheralded, accomplishments from the 2000-2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and now continuing through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has been progress towards the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF). (plos.org)
  • On this Page Malaria The Reality of Outbreak Investigations: Dengue in Angola Chagas disease and the kissing bug Lymphatic filariasis: Spotlight on elimination in Haiti April 7 marks World Health Day. (cdc.gov)
  • The National Health Policy aims at elimination of Lymphatic filariasis by 2020 with the use of mass administration of the drug diethylcarbamazine, Albendazole and mosquito control measures. (ndtv.com)
  • In 1998, MDP expanded its mandate to include the donation of MECTIZAN to be distributed in conjunction with albendazole (donated by GSK) for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis in onchocerciasis co-endemic areas. (biospace.com)
  • Recent advances in diagnosis and therapy led the World Health Assembly to pass a resolution in 1997 calling for "the elimination of lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem. (who.int)
  • Almost as important, however, is the necessity to The World Health Organization achieve these goals in a cost-effective, so- strategy for lymphatic filariasis cially-responsible manner, ensuring appro- elimination priate health and economic benefits [ 8 ]. (who.int)
  • ABSTRACT The elimination strategy for lymphatic filariasis aims at reducing blood microfilaraemia to levels at which vector transmission cannot be sustained. (who.int)
  • Therefore, we implemented a widescale national filariasis proposed that, although zero MF count in elimination programme based on the rec- blood smears is not an absolute threshold, it ommended strategy. (who.int)
  • Treatment for lymphatic filariasis is available through the National Program for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 6. Ottesen EA: Lymphatic filariasis: Treatment, control and elimination. (openaire.eu)
  • Ottesen EA , Duke BOL , Karam M & Behbehani K (1997) Strategies and tools for the control/elimination of lymphatic filariasis. (wiley.com)
  • Pac Elf is a non-profit organization providing education for the prevention and elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis in the South Pacific. (avivadirectory.com)
  • Abstract addressing the central role that filariasis patients have played in the Tanzania Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Programme to date, and covering some of the clinical successes achieved between 1999 and 2009. (mectizan.org)
  • The theme, "A Future Free of Lymphatic Filariasis: Reaching the Vision by Scaling Up, Scaling Down and Reaching Out", emphasized new strategies and partnerships necessary to reach the 2020 goal of elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) as a public-health problem. (mectizan.org)
  • To review the process of lymphatic filariasis elimination in Jiangsu Province, and summarize the control experience. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • By 2001, the whole regions of the province reached the criteria of filariasis elimination. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • The elimination of lymphatic filariasis in Jiangsu Province provides valuable experience for lymphatic filariasis control in other areas. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • Eisai Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Tokyo, CEO: Haruo Naito, "Eisai") announced today that it has provided 151 million 100 mg tablets of the lymphatic filariasis treatment diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC) free of charge for use in mass drug administration (MDA) conducted through the BELKAGA (Bulan Eliminasi Kaki Gajah: Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Month) campaign being promoted by the Government of Indonesia. (eisai.com)
  • The Government of Indonesia views the elimination of lymphatic filariasis as an important policy issue, and in order to achieve elimination of the disease by 2020, declared October to be Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Month from this year onward, during which they have decided to raise national awareness of the disease and conduct MDA on a national level in cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO). (eisai.com)
  • While there are three types of antiparasitic agents that can be used in MDA for lymphatic filariasis, global difficulties in obtaining a stable supply of high quality DEC tablets, one of these antiparasitic agents, has been a major limiting factor in the elimination of this debilitating disease. (eisai.com)
  • Mathematical simulation models for transmission and control of lymphatic filariasis are useful tools for studying the prospects of lymphatic filariasis elimination. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In 1998, the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) was initiated, aiming at the worldwide elimination of this parasitic disease as a public health problem [ 1 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The low prevalence levels associated with lymphatic filariasis elimination pose a challenge for effective disease surveillance. (eur.nl)
  • Many cases of filariasis are generated by the parasite called Wuchereria bancrofti. (selfgrowth.com)
  • These are divided into three groups according to the part of the body they affect: Lymphatic filariasis is caused by the worms Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori. (wikipedia.org)
  • The histological examination of oophorectomy specimen led to the Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis of the ovary. (hindawi.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic major endemic disease due to round worms of the genera Wuchereria and Brugia . (hindawi.com)
  • At microscopical level, we found an infiltrate of polymorphonuclear leukocytes along with the presence of cuticle of adult worms containing microfilaria (Figure 1 ) suggesting the diagnosis of ovarian filariasis which was confirmed by direct parasitological examination (ovarian Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis). (hindawi.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis caused by Wuchereria bancrofti affects millions of people in tropical countries. (hindawi.com)
  • Wuchereria bancrofti , an infectious agent of lymphatic filariasis in 95% of cases, is recognized as the second most disabling disease after malaria among the diseases transmitted by mosquitoes [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis related to Wuchereria bancrofti INTRODUCITON Seventeen distinct diseases run rampant through developing countries, known as the neglected tropical diseases. (bartleby.com)
  • In lymphatic filariasis, the filarial worms Wuchereria bancrofti , Brugia malayi , and Brugia timori are the species associated with it. (biology-online.org)
  • In Mali, lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti co-exists in several regions highly endemic for malaria, and co-infection is common in the residents of these areas. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Lymphatic filariasis (LF), a major neglected tropical disease (NTD), is a mosquito-borne parasitic infection caused by Wuchereria bancrofti , Brugia malayi and B. timori . (springer.com)
  • The thread-like, parasitic filarial worms Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi that cause lymphatic filariasis live almost exclusively in humans. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, most commonly due to Wuchereria bancrofti , is responsible for affecting nearly 120 million people worldwide and disfiguring another 40 million people. (bmj.com)
  • Abstract The filariasis-specific cellular responsiveness was assessed in 109 adult individuals from a Wuchereria bancrofti-endemic area in north-east Tanzania. (omicsonline.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is a human disease caused by parasitic worms known as filarial worms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another potential target is the Aedes polynesiensis mosquito, which spreads lymphatic filariasis in the islands of Polynesia, where decades of mass drug administration have failed to eradicate the filarial parasites from the human population. (medindia.net)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, called 'yaanaikaal noi' locally, is caused by parasitic worms, known as filarial worms. (indiatimes.com)
  • The CPqAM Filariasis Research Program was established in 1985 and a filarial survey was carried out in the town of Olinda, Greater Recife. (scielo.br)
  • Filariasis is the disease caused by the infestation of filarial worms. (biology-online.org)
  • While river blindness is transmitted by the black fly and lymphatic filariasis by the mosquito, both diseases are caused by an infection of a filarial worm and often occur in the same places. (sightsavers.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is a rare, parasitic and infectious tropical disease characterized by the development of thread-like (filarial) worms. (avivadirectory.com)
  • Understanding how chronic experimental filarial infection alters vascular reactivity may enhance our understanding of the pathogenesis of human filariasis. (ahajournals.org)
  • Filarial antigen was detected by ICT-filariasis test in blood samples of all the 6 microfilariaemic cases, 1 chronic filarial and 2 occult filarial samples. (springer.com)
  • Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have identified traditional Ghanaian medicines which work in the lab against schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis, three diseases endemic to Ghana. (medworm.com)
  • Ovarian filariasis is an exceptional disease and displays a major diagnostic problem even in endemic areas. (hindawi.com)
  • an estimated 1.39 billion (thousand million) people live in areas where filariasis has been endemic and is now targeted for treatment [1]. (rti.org)
  • Extensive experimental disease that is based on repeated annual infection studies carried out by our group mass drug administration (MDA) of single- revealed that the main filariasis vector mos- dose combination drug regimens, albenda- quito in Egypt, Culex pipiens , readily in- zole with either diethylcarbamazine or gests and develops MF from low-density ivermectin, to endemic populations [ 4 ]. (who.int)
  • In countries where river blindness in not co-endemic, lymphatic filariasis is treated using diethylcarbamazine, produced by Eisai, and albendazole tablets, donated by GlaxoSmithKline. (sightsavers.org)
  • Prevention of Lymphatic Filariasis and river blindness is by avoiding exposure to the bites of mosquitoes and blackflies in the endemic areas respectively. (gov.hk)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether the triple co administration of albendazole, ivermectin and azithromycine is as safe as the current treatment scheme that consists to treat with albendazole plus ivermectin together and a week later to treat with azithromycin in areas co endemic for lymphatic filariasis and trachoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Thus, a study evaluating the safety and feasibility of an integrated mass treatment of trachoma and lymphatic filariasis with azithromycin associated with albendazole and ivermectin was instituted in 4 villages of the region of Sikasso in Mali (West Africa) co endemic for lymphatic filariasis and trachoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • however, lymphatic filariasis can occur in travellers who stay for extended periods in endemic areas. (travelmedicine.com.au)
  • Lymphatic filariasis should be considered strongly as a differential diagnosis in patients with genital inflammation and swelling in endemic areas. (bmj.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis was endemic in 71 counties (cities) among all 75 counties (cities) in Jiangsu Province. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • In Indonesia, many areas are endemic to lymphatic filariasis, and with approximately 40% of the population of over 100 million people at risk of infection, national-level measures are required. (eisai.com)
  • DEC (one of the drugs used to treat lymphatic filariasis) is in short supply worldwide and is not easily accessible to at-risk populations in lymphatic filariasis-endemic countries. (presseportal.ch)
  • Background: Bancroftian filariasis remains endemic in Fiji despite over 10 years of mass drug administration (MDA) using diethylcarbamazine and albendazole (DA). (edu.au)
  • Surveys in Ghana have indicated that bancroftian filariasis is present in most parts of the country with considerable variations in prevalence [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Bancroftian filariasis distribution and diurnal temperature differences in the Southern Nile. (ebscohost.com)
  • Bancroftian filariasis is caused primarily ephantiasis, is a major disease of tropical by adult worms (known as macrofilariae) and subtropical regions worldwide. (who.int)
  • 9. Okon OE, Iboh CI, Opara KN: Bancroftian filariasis among the Mbembe people of Cross River state, Nigeria. (openaire.eu)
  • Freediman DO, Nutman TB, Ottesen EA (1989) Protective immunity in bancroftian filariasis. (springer.com)
  • Forsyth KP, Spark R, Kazura J, Brown GV, Peters P, Heywood P, Dissanayake S, Mitchell GF (1985) A monoclonal antibody-based immunoradiometric assay for detection of circulating antigen in bancroftian filariasis. (springer.com)
  • Balakrishnan N , Ramaiah KD & Pani SP (1992) Efficacy of bi-annual administration of DEC in the control of bancroftian filariasis. (wiley.com)
  • 1995) Treatment of bancroftian filariasis in Recife, Brazil: a two-year comparative study of the efficacy of single treatments with ivermectin or diethylcarbamazine. (wiley.com)
  • 1993) Comparison of single-dose diethylcarbamazine and ivermectin for treatment of bancroftian filariasis in Papua New Guinea. (wiley.com)
  • Meyrowitsch DW , Simonsen PE & Makunde WH (1996) Mass diethylcarbamazine chemotherapy for control of bancroftian filariasis: comparative efficacy of standard treatment and two semi-annual single-dose treatments. (wiley.com)
  • This manuscript highlights the devastating complication of infertility that may occur in untreated or late-treated bancroftian filariasis. (bmj.com)
  • A comparative analysis was made on the utility of SEVAFILACHEK-stick based immunoassays and commercially available ICT-filariasis test to detect active infection in different groups of bancroftian filariasis. (springer.com)
  • Harinath, B.C. and Reddy, M.V.R., (1997) Diagnosis and immunomonitoring in the successful management of bancroftian filariasis. (springer.com)
  • Weil, G.J., Lammie, P.J. and Weiss, N. (1997) The ICT filariasis test: A rapid-format antigen test for diagnosis of bancroftian filariasis. (springer.com)
  • Current Interventions and Impact One of the most influential and impactful interventions for lymphatic filariasis is the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF). (bartleby.com)
  • A principal reason for the programme's dramatic expansion and success to date has been the galvanizing of efforts of all key partners around a common policy framework created and coordinated through the World Health Organization's Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF). (rti.org)
  • 7. Ottesen EA, Hooper PJ, Bradley M, Biswas G: The global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis: health impact after 8 years. (openaire.eu)
  • The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) was launched in 2000 with the goal of eliminating LF as a public health problem by 2020. (springer.com)
  • Five districts in Kerala will be included in a monitoring and epidemiological assessment conducted as part of the World Health Organisaton (WHO)'s global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. (org.in)
  • Commenting on the data Professor David Molyneux of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine says In this landmark publication, new data from the national programme in Egyptshow that we can, using the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended strategy of an annual drug distribution, end the cycle of transmission of lymphatic filariasis by mosquitoes. (webwire.com)
  • Mass drug administration (MDA) is the current mainstay to interrupt the transmission of lymphatic filariasis. (mdpi.com)
  • To monitor whether MDA is effective and transmission of lymphatic filariasis indeed has been interrupted, rigorous surveillance is required. (mdpi.com)
  • Mectizan, donated free of charge by Merck, and Albandazole, donated free of charge by GlaxoWelcome, have been shown to disrupt the transmission of lymphatic filariasis. (hdi.no)
  • The main treatment of choice for managing filariasis is diethylcarbamazine (DEC). This agent kills the microfiliae and has been used globally for over 50 years now. (news-medical.net)
  • Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) is the recommended medicine for treating filariasis. (medindia.net)
  • Despite improved knowledge of pathology of lymphatic filariasis and existence of the drugs diethylcarbamazine and albendazole necessary to treat lymphatic filariasis, it continues to be a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries. (hindawi.com)
  • The present study examines the three-way interaction between HIV infection, lymphatic filariasis caused by the helminth parasite W. bancrofti and the drug diethylcarbamazine (DEC). DEC is an important drug for treatment of lymphatic filariasis and previous findings indicate that DEC may also have an effect on retroviral infections. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Drugs to treat filariasis include diethylcarbamazine, ivermectin, and albendazole, which are used mostly in combination to reduce microfilariae in blood (lymphatic filariasis) and skin (onchocerciasis). (nih.gov)
  • Treatment of lymphatic filariasis includes anti-parasitic drug, diethylcarbamazine (DEC) while treatment of river blindness includes anti-parasitic drug, ivermectin. (gov.hk)
  • Eisai announced today that it has begun the free supply of diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC) 100 mg tablets produced at its Vizag Plant in India to the World Health Organization (WHO) in line with its commitment to help WHO in its global effort to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in targeted developing and emerging countries. (presseportal.ch)
  • Individual efficacy and community impact of ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine and albendazole mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis control in Fiji: a cluster randomised trial. (edu.au)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified lymphatic filariasis as a major cause of disability worldwide, with an estimated 40 million individuals affected by the disfiguring features of the disease. (medscape.com)
  • The article reports on the global prevalence of hepatitis and lymphatic filariasis and discusses a program which the World health Organization has created to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. (ebscohost.com)
  • Supported by the filariasis component of the United Nations Development Programme-World Bank-World Health Organization Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases and by the Rockefeller Foundation. (annals.org)
  • World Health Organization, (1984) Lymphatic Filariasis Infection and Disease Control Strategies: Report of a WHO/CTD/TDR consultative meeting 1. (springer.com)
  • Amar, a farmer was left partially disabled when he was diagnosed with Lymphatic filariasis 25 years ago. (ndtv.com)
  • Blood - The microfilariae of all species that cause lymphatic filariasis and the microfilariae of Loa loa, Mansonella ozzardi, and Mansonella perstans are detected in blood. (medscape.com)
  • There are eight different kinds of this worm, out of which three should take care of causing the disorder:Wucheria bancrofti and Brugia malayi cause lymphatic filariasis, and Onchocera volvulus causes onchocerciasis( river blindness). (selfgrowth.com)
  • Retrieved on June 03, 2020 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Filariasis.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO), in collaboration with other international agencies in the public and private sector, launched a global campaign last week to eliminate lymphatic filariasis by the year 2020. (bmj.com)
  • India had set the ambitious target of eliminating filariasis by the year 2020, but experts have suggested that is an ambitious target given the circumstances. (ndtv.com)
  • Sightsavers is fighting hard to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in the countries in which we work by 2020. (sightsavers.org)
  • Eisai is an active partner and signatory to the London Declaration, a global public-private partnership that aims to eliminate ten neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including lymphatic filariasis, by 2020. (presseportal.ch)
  • Filariasis is a parasitic infection caused by thread-like nematodes (filariae) that belong to the roundworm superfamily filarioidea. (news-medical.net)
  • Filariasis is infection a result of a parasitic worm and is transferred by insect bites. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis an infection requires asymptomatic, acute, and persistent issues. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by an infection with roundworms of the Filarioidea type. (wikipedia.org)
  • An epidemiological model for the spread of lymphatic filariasis, a mosquito-borne infection, is developed and analysed. (hindawi.com)
  • In countries where lymphatic filariasis is well established, the prevalence of infection continues to increase due to unplanned growth of cities and water resource development such as irrigation, which creates numerous breeding sites for the mosquitoes that transmit the disease [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • A number of mathematical models have looked into malaria a mosquito-borne infection [ 13 - 19 ], to mention just a few, but only a few have looked into lymphatic filariasis [ 20 - 24 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Here the authors propose and analyse the transmission dynamics of lymphatic filariasis using differential equations to explore if treatment for those symptoms alone will be able to keep the infection under control. (hindawi.com)
  • The ultimate goal of the WHO Global Pro- and low MF carriers could be a significant gramme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis is reservoir of infection capable of sustaining to reduce blood microfilaraemia to levels at transmission [ 9 ]. (who.int)
  • This study will examine the clinical, immunological and epidemiological effects of concurrent infections with P. falciparum and W. bancrofti or M. perstans (the parasites that cause malaria and filariasis) on the frequency and severity of malaria infection in children and young adults in Mali, Africa. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The programme interrupted the infection of lymphatic filariasis in 54 areas. (sightsavers.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is caused by infection with parasites classified as nematodes (roundworms) of the family Filariodidea. (medgadget.com)
  • In tropical and subtropical areas where lymphatic filariasis is well-established, the prevalence of infection is continuing to increase. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis-specific immune responses in relation to lymphoedema grade and infection status. (omicsonline.org)
  • n 1993 the International Task Force for Disease Eradication identified lymphatic filariasis as one of six infectious diseases that it would be possible to eliminate. (bmj.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, a debilitating disease, is one of the most prevalent and yet one of the most neglected tropical diseases with serious economic and social consequences [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Filariasis, any of a number of diseases of humans and other higher animals caused by parasitic roundworms called filariae (singular: filaria). (ebscohost.com)
  • Infecting mosquitoes with a bacterial parasite could help prevent the spread of lymphatic filariasis, one of the major neglected tropical diseases of the developing world, according to research published today in the journal Science . (medindia.net)
  • Lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis are parasitic helminth diseases that constitute a serious public health issue in tropical regions. (nih.gov)
  • We also trained more than 269,000 local volunteers to distribute medication via mass drug administration to treat a range of neglected tropical diseases, including lymphatic filariasis. (sightsavers.org)
  • In remote regions of Uganda, radio broadcasts are used to spread vital information about diseases such as lymphatic filariasis, and how to treat them. (sightsavers.org)
  • He claimed to have recently been in Nepal and Indochina where he contracted several exotic diseases including filariasis. (annals.org)
  • Your support is vital in helping us continue our work to help the children, women and men affected by neglected diseases like leprosy and lymphatic filariasis. (lepra.org.uk)
  • Infectious diseases such as trachoma and lymphatic filariasis are public health problems in regions of Africa and Asia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We have described the method and its philosophical rationale and illustrated its use in application to eradication investment cases for lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis, 2 neglected tropical diseases that are candidates for eradication. (nih.gov)
  • Culex quinquefasciatus is a peridomestic mosquito known for its ability to transmit pathogenic diseases such as filariasis and Japanese encephalitis. (org.in)
  • This result suggests that effective control of lymphatic filariasis may lie in treatment for those displaying symptoms as well as chemoprophylaxis for the exposed. (hindawi.com)
  • 2000) Cost of annual mass single-dose DEC distribution for the large scale control of lymphatic filariasis in Cuddalore district, India. (wiley.com)
  • Human Filariasis (Book). (ebscohost.com)
  • Sasa M (1976) Human filariasis. (springer.com)
  • Ottesen EA, Skvaril F, Tripathy SP, Poindexter RW, Hussain R (1985) Prominence of IgG 4 in the IgG antibody response to human filariasis. (springer.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis, considered globally as a neglected tropical disease (NTD) , is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms. (cdc.gov)
  • Using innovative RNA sequencing techniques, researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine Institute for Genome Sciences identified a promising novel treatment for lymphatic filariasis, a disabling parasitic disease that is difficult to treat. (news-medical.net)
  • Filariasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by blood -feeding arthropods, mainly black flies and mosquitoes. (medindia.net)
  • Filariasis is a parasitic disease. (expat.or.id)
  • According to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), lymphatic filariasis, considered globally as a "neglected tropical disease", is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms. (samoanews.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis (LF) or mūmū tutupa in Samoan, is a parasitic disease caused by worms that are spread between people by mosquitoes. (samoanews.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms that only live in the human lymph system , which maintains the body's fluid balance and fights infections. (nih.gov)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease and an important cause of chronic morbidity in tropical countries. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Urine - If lymphatic filariasis is suspected, urine should be examined macroscopically for chyluria and then concentrated to examine for microfilariae. (medscape.com)
  • Filariasis is diagnosed in microfilaraemic cases primarily through direct observation of microfilariae in the peripheral blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Filariasis is usually diagnosed by identifying microfilariae on Giemsa stained, thin and thick blood film smears, using the "gold standard" known as the finger prick test. (wikipedia.org)
  • Filariasis is diagnosed by direct demonstration of the microfilariae in the nocturnal blood sample or skin specimen. (medindia.net)
  • Night blood surveys are done predominantly to test for filariasis since microfilariae that causes the disease, circulate in blood only at nights. (indiatimes.com)
  • The search was brought to a conclusive stage, though not really ended, in 1966 when dead microfilariae undergoing destruction were demonstrated in the lungs of persons having no microfilariae in the blood and no other recognized sign of filariasis. (ajtmh.org)
  • Iowa State University) A new study upends the widely held belief that a medication used to treat lymphatic filariasis doesn't directly target the parasites that cause the disease. (medworm.com)
  • Watch our video to learn more about Sightsavers' work to treat lymphatic filariasis in Guinea-Bissau. (sightsavers.org)
  • Researchers from LSTM and the University of Liverpool have successfully optimized a hit from a whole cell screening of a 10000-compound library to deliver the first novel fully synthetic and rationally designed anti-Wolbachia drug, AWZ1066S, which could potentially be used to treat onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. (news-medical.net)
  • An LSTM led partnership has been awarded nearly £1.5 million from the Medical Research Council for the pre-clinical development of a candidate drug to treat onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis, by targeting the bacterial symbiont Wolbachia. (news-medical.net)
  • Anti-Wolbachia drug discovery and development: safe macrofilaricides for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. (nih.gov)
  • KENILWORTH, N.J.--( BUSINESS WIRE )-- Merck & Co. (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, and the MECTIZAN® Donation Program (MDP), announced today a $500,000 cash donation to support non-governmental organization (NGO) partners working to eliminate river blindness (onchocerciasis) and lymphatic filariasis (LF). (biospace.com)
  • DNA-based diagnosis of lymphatic filariasis. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • OG4C3 test is a highly sensitive and specific quantitative monoclonal antibody-based ELISA test for the diagnosis of filariasis. (bmj.com)
  • Now, let's look at the epidemiology of filariasis. (coursera.org)
  • 2018. Lymphatic Filariasis - Epidemiology and Risk Factors. (blogarama.com)
  • Treatment of lymphatic filariasis is through mass drug administration (MDA) of albendazole 400mg with either ivermectin (150 - 200 mcg/kg) diethelcarbamazine citrate (6mg/kg). (travelmedicine.com.au)
  • Sightsavers' river blindness and lymphatic filariasis programme has delivered 60 million treatments in four countries. (sightsavers.org)
  • From 2016 to 2019, the river blindness and lymphatic filariasis programme delivered treatment to stop infections being spread, and to stop the flies that transmit river blindness from breeding. (sightsavers.org)
  • Dr Sinkins and colleagues are currently looking at whether infecting other species of mosquito, such as Anopheles gambiae - the mosquito responsible for the majority of malaria infections - with wMelPop will have a similar effect and help inhibit malaria transmission as well as filariasis transmission. (medindia.net)
  • Mosquitoes samples that were collected also didn't test positive for filariasis," an official from the health department told TOI. (indiatimes.com)
  • My question was whether after 23 years, would a test even come back positive for filariasis. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • Filariasis is a disease group caused by filariae that affects humans and animals (ie, nematode parasites of the family Filariidae). (medscape.com)
  • I was referred to an infectious disease specialist and tested for filariasis and it came back negative. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • During the 1st ASEAN Lymphatic Filariasis Forum 2018 in July which was held in Manila, Health Secretary Francisco T. Duque III stressed, "the DOH is ready to take the challenge of eliminating filariasis in the country by being more responsive through the DOH's revitalized agenda of Fourmula 1 Plus for Health. (blogarama.com)
  • Last month, US Interior Assistant Secretary for Insular and International Affairs, Doug Domenech announced more than $1.64 million in fiscal year 2018 grant funding for American Samoa, The funds include $200,000 to support CDC's efforts in eradicating Lymphatic Filariasis. (samoanews.com)
  • Pago Pago, AMERICAN SAMOA - On Monday, September 24, 2018, the Department of Health, with the support of Governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga, cabinet members, legislature, government and non-government agencies, faith-based denominations and communities at large launched the lymphatic filariasis (LF) Mass Drug Administration (MDA) for the territory of American Samoa at the Gov. H. Rex Lee Auditorium. (samoanews.com)
  • When a mosquito bites people, who have lymphatic filariasis, microscopic worms distributed in the consumer blood insert and pollute the mosquito. (selfgrowth.com)
  • To contract lymphatic filariasis, one would have to endure thousands of mosquito bites over several months or years. (expat.or.id)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is a mosquito-borne by Aedes and Mansonia mosquito species. (who.int)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is transmitted via mosquito bite, usually during childhood, and affects the lymphatic system in later life, causing painful swelling of the body parts and disability. (sightsavers.org)
  • Lymphatic Filariasis is transmitted by the bite of infected female mosquito. (gov.hk)
  • In the tropical areas of the world, mosquito control is an important part of prevention of filariasis. (nih.gov)
  • TRICHY: In a major relief, the district health department has said that no further positive cases of lymphatic filariasis had been detected in Pullambadi in the district, where a seven-year-old boy recently tested positive. (indiatimes.com)
  • Here you will find control, outbreak, treatment, and other information pertaining to lymphatic filariasis. (avivadirectory.com)
  • Doxycycline reduces plasma VEGF-C/ sVEGFR-3 and improves pathology in lymphatic filariasis. (cdc.gov)
  • However, alternative interpretations are presented which suggest a possible role of immunological reactions in development of pathology in lymphatic filariasis. (omicsonline.org)
  • The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis delivers mass drug administration to 500 million people each year, and adverse events are common following treatment. (news-medical.net)
  • Mass drug administration (MDA) is the process of giving medication to all eligible persons in the community to stop lymphatic filariasis. (samoanews.com)
  • A Success Story: Togo is Moving Toward Becoming the First Sub-Saharan African Nation to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis Through Mass Drug Administration and Countrywide Morbidity Alleviation " by Dr. (mectizan.org)
  • Approximately 120 million people are infected with lymphatic filariasis in tropical and subtropical countries. (springer.com)
  • A primary cause of this increase is the rapid and unplanned growth of cities, which creates numerous breeding sites for the mosquitoes that transmit the disease.In its most obvious manifestations, lymphatic filariasis causes enlargement of the entire leg or arm, the genitals, vulva and breasts. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • Genital manifestations of lymphatic filariasis in men include hydrocele, lymphorea, epididymo-orchitis, ram horn penis and infertility. (bmj.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis may present with numerous genital manifestations resulting in disfigurement and psychosexual abnormalities. (bmj.com)
  • The impact of lymphatic filariasis (LF) on HIV is assessed by measuring HIV viral load before and after DEC treatment of filariasis in double-infected individuals. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Major Progress toward Eliminating Lymphatic Filariasis. (ebscohost.com)
  • Reports on the progress toward eliminating lymphatic filariasis. (ebscohost.com)
  • PLOS NTDs Editors-in-Chief Peter Hotez and Serap Aksoy discuss new research and the global effort towards eliminating lymphatic filariasis. (plos.org)
  • Michael E , Bundy DAP & Grenfell BT (1996) Re-assessing the global prevalence and distribution of lymphatic filariasis. (wiley.com)
  • Conclusions: We found no difference between IDA and DA in individual clearance or community prevalence of lymphatic filariasis at 12 months, and no improved efficacy following a second annual round of IDA. (edu.au)
  • Another parasite called Brugia malayi also causes the vector Mansonia, and Anopheles mosquitoes transmit filariasis. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Wucheria bancrofti is responsible for around 90% of lymphatic filariasis infections, but Brugia malayi and B. timori may also be the cause. (travelmedicine.com.au)
  • Depression of endothelium-dependent relaxation in aorta from rats with Brugia pahangi lymphatic filariasis. (ahajournals.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is spread from person to person by mosquitoes. (cdc.gov)
  • nets and prevention of breeding of mosquitoes with better practice of hygiene and sanitation can help prevent filariasis. (medindia.net)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is caused by a thread-like parasitic worm that is transmitted by mosquitoes. (who.int)
  • This small white tablet is part of the fight to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (LF), a disease transmitted by mosquitoes and burdens identified rural communities in the country. (blogarama.com)
  • Serous cavity filariasis is caused by the worms Mansonella perstans and Mansonella ozzardi, which occupy the serous cavity of the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Serous cavity filariasis presents with symptoms similar to subcutaneous filariasis, in addition to abdominal pain, because these worms are also deep-tissue dwellers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Loa loa filariasis is a skin and eye disease caused by the nematode worm Loa loa . (wikipedia.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is classified as a neglected tropical disease and one of the four main worm infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is more common in regions that have a higher incidence of poverty [ 11 ] making it a disease of the poor and serves as an indicator of underdevelopment [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis: the disease and its control. (ebscohost.com)
  • Lymphatic filariasis affects more than 120 million people worldwide - over 40 million of these are seriously incapacitated and disfigured by the disease. (medindia.net)
  • Filariasis is fundamentally a disease of lymphatic obstruction. (coursera.org)
  • In terms of history, there's a spectrum of disease associated with filariasis. (coursera.org)
  • In subcutaneous filariasis, the filariae Loa loa , Mansonella streptocerca , and Onchocerca volvulus are involved in producing such disease. (biology-online.org)
  • National mapping of lymphatic filariasis (LF) was conducted using Immunochromatographic tests (ICT) in 2005 to determine endemicity and geographic spread of the disease. (openaire.eu)
  • The disease includes Lymphatic Filariasis and Onchocerciasis (river blindness). (gov.hk)
  • The databook offers a preliminary coverage of disease clinical trials by their phase, trial status, prominence of the sponsors and also provides briefing pertaining to the number of trials for the key drugs for treating Filariasis. (sbwire.com)
  • Filariasis is usually a self-limited disease unless reinfection occurs. (nih.gov)
  • Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a globally significant disease, with 1.3 billion persons in 83 countries at risk. (org.in)
  • Loa loa filariasis (also known as loiasis, loaiasis, Calabar swellings, Fugitive swelling, Tropical swelling:439 and African eyeworm) is a skin and eye disease caused by the nematode worm, loa loa. (blogspot.com)
  • The Mectizan Donation Program is an international program to eliminate river blindness and lymphatic filariasis (LF), primarily funded by Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., U.S.A.,* with additional support from GSK. (mectizan.org)
  • Results from the analysis of the reproduction number suggest that treatment will somehow contribute to a reduction in lymphatic filariasis cases, but what it does not show is the magnitude of the reduction, a part answered by the numerical simulations. (hindawi.com)
  • In terms of treatment of filariasis the chronic complications cannot be reversed. (coursera.org)
  • Before DEC treatment for lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis should be excluded in all patients with a consistent exposure history because of the possibility of severe exacerbations of skin and eye involvement (Mazzotti reaction). (cdc.gov)
  • The impact of HIV on lymphatic filariasis is assessed by measuring the success of DEC treatment on W. bancrofti antigenaemia and microfilaraemia in double-infected individuals. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The effect of DEC treatment in individuals with lymphatic filariasis and/or HIV is assessed by measuring the pre- and post-treatment level of HIV viral load, immunological responses and micronutritional parameters, including antioxidants and markers of oxidative stress, in single- or double-infected individuals. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Filariasis.net web site provides comprehensive information and other resources for the symptoms and treatment for Lymphatic Filariasis. (avivadirectory.com)