An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).
An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.
An acute systemic febrile infection caused by SALMONELLA TYPHI, a serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA.
Fever in which the etiology cannot be ascertained.
A febrile disease occurring as a delayed sequela of infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES. It is characterized by multiple focal inflammatory lesions of the connective tissue structures, such as the heart, blood vessels, and joints (POLYARTHRITIS) and brain, and by the presence of ASCHOFF BODIES in the myocardium and skin.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
A group of viral diseases of diverse etiology but having many similar clinical characteristics; increased capillary permeability, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia are common to all. Hemorrhagic fevers are characterized by sudden onset, fever, headache, generalized myalgia, backache, conjunctivitis, and severe prostration, followed by various hemorrhagic symptoms. Hemorrhagic fever with kidney involvement is HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME.
An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
A severe, often fatal disease in humans caused by the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (HEMORRHAGIC FEVER VIRUS, CRIMEAN-CONGO).
A febrile disease of the Mediterranean area, the Crimea, Africa, and India, caused by infection with RICKETTSIA CONORII.
An acute febrile disease occurring predominately in Asia. It is characterized by fever, prostration, vomiting, hemorrhagic phenonema, shock, and renal failure. It is caused by any one of several closely related species of the genus Hantavirus. The most severe form is caused by HANTAAN VIRUS whose natural host is the rodent Apodemus agrarius. Milder forms are caused by SEOUL VIRUS and transmitted by the rodents Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus, and the PUUMALA VIRUS with transmission by Clethrionomys galreolus.
The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
An acute febrile illness caused by RICKETTSIA RICKETTSII. It is transmitted to humans by bites of infected ticks and occurs only in North and South America. Characteristics include a sudden onset with headache and chills and fever lasting about two to three weeks. A cutaneous rash commonly appears on the extremities and trunk about the fourth day of illness.
A prolonged febrile illness commonly caused by several Paratyphi serotypes of SALMONELLA ENTERICA. It is similar to TYPHOID FEVER but less severe.
An acute, highly contagious disease affecting swine of all ages and caused by the CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS. It has a sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality.
A species of NAIROVIRUS of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. It is primarily transmitted by ticks and causes a severe, often fatal disease in humans.
A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.
Diseases caused by American hemorrhagic fever viruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD).
A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA which is the etiologic agent of TYPHOID FEVER.
A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.
A virulent form of dengue characterized by THROMBOCYTOPENIA and an increase in vascular permeability (grades I and II) and distinguished by a positive pain test (e.g., TOURNIQUET PAIN TEST). When accompanied by SHOCK (grades III and IV), it is called dengue shock syndrome.
Infections by the genus RICKETTSIA.
Influenza-like febrile viral disease caused by several members of the BUNYAVIRIDAE family and transmitted mostly by the bloodsucking sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
Substances capable of increasing BODY TEMPERATURE and cause FEVER and may be used for FEVER THERAPY. They may be of microbial origin, often POLYSACCHARIDES, and may contaminate distilled water.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
An Ephemerovirus infection of cattle caused by bovine ephemeral fever virus (EPHEMERAL FEVER VIRUS, BOVINE). It is characterized by respiratory symptoms, increased oropharyngeal secretions and lacrimation, joint pains, tremor, and stiffness.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER. Its cells are slightly smaller and more uniform in size than those of RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A species of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which causes an acute febrile and sometimes hemorrhagic disease in man. Dengue is mosquito-borne and four serotypes are known.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, helical bacteria, various species of which produce RELAPSING FEVER in humans and other animals.
Drugs that are used to reduce body temperature in fever.
An intermittent fever characterized by intervals of chills, fever, and splenomegaly each of which may last as long as 40 hours. It is caused by BARTONELLA QUINTANA and transmitted by the human louse.
A complication of MALARIA, FALCIPARUM characterized by the passage of dark red to black urine.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE comprising many viruses, most of which are transmitted by Phlebotomus flies and cause PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER. The type species is RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that is widely distributed in TICKS and various mammals throughout the world. Infection with this genus is particularly prevalent in CATTLE; SHEEP; and GOATS.
An RNA virus infection of rhesus, vervet, and squirrel monkeys transmissible to man.
The type species of EPHEMEROVIRUS causing disease in cattle. Transmission is by hematophagous arthropods and the virus has been isolated from both culicoides and mosquitoes.
A genus of softbacked TICKS, in the family ARGASIDAE, serving as the vector of BORRELIA, causing RELAPSING FEVER, and of the AFRICAN SWINE FEVER VIRUS.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
A syndrome characterized by recurring fever, rash, and arthralgias occurring days to weeks after a rat bite. The causative agents are either Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
A herpesvirus infection of cattle characterized by catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory and alimentary epithelia, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalitis and lymph node enlargement. Syn: bovine epitheliosis, snotsiekte.
A febrile illness characterized by chills, aches, vomiting, leukopenia, and sometimes encephalitis. It is caused by the COLORADO TICK FEVER VIRUS, a reovirus transmitted by the tick Dermacentor andersoni.
Vaccines used to prevent TYPHOID FEVER and/or PARATYPHOID FEVER which are caused by various species of SALMONELLA. Attenuated, subunit, and inactivated forms of the vaccines exist.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
Bacterial, viral, or parasitic diseases transmitted to humans and animals by the bite of infected ticks. The families Ixodidae and Argasidae contain many bloodsucking species that are important pests of man and domestic birds and mammals and probably exceed all other arthropods in the number and variety of disease agents they transmit. Many of the tick-borne diseases are zoonotic.
A species in the genus PHLEBOVIRUS causing PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER, an influenza-like illness. Related serotypes include Toscana virus and Tehran virus.
The type species of the genus HANTAVIRUS infecting the rodent Apodemus agrarius and humans who come in contact with it. It causes syndromes of hemorrhagic fever associated with vascular and especially renal pathology.
Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.
A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.
Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.
Allergic rhinitis that occurs at the same time every year. It is characterized by acute CONJUNCTIVITIS with lacrimation and ITCHING, and regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific ALLERGENS.
One of two groups of viruses in the ARENAVIRUS genus and considered part of the New World complex. It includes JUNIN VIRUS; PICHINDE VIRUS; Amapari virus, and Machupo virus among others. They are the cause of human hemorrhagic fevers mostly in Central and South America.
Autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the mevalonate kinase gene. Because of the mutations cholesterol biosynthesis is disrupted and MEVALONIC ACID accumulates. It is characterized by a range of symptoms, including dysmorphic FACIES, psychomotor retardation, CATARACT, hepatosplenomegaly, CEREBELLAR ATAXIA, elevated IMMUNOGLOBULIN D, and recurrent febrile crises with FEVER; LYMPHADENOPATHY; ARTHRALGIA; EDEMA; and rash.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of several distinct species of Ebolavirus, each containing separate strains. These viruses cause outbreaks of a contagious, hemorrhagic disease (HEMORRHAGIC FEVER, EBOLA) in humans, usually with high mortality.
Infections with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
An infectious disease clinically similar to epidemic louse-borne typhus (TYPHUS, EPIDEMIC LOUSE-BORNE), but caused by RICKETTSIA TYPHI, which is transmitted from rat to man by the rat flea, XENOPSYLLA CHEOPIS.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The classic form of typhus, caused by RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII, which is transmitted from man to man by the louse Pediculus humanus corporis. This disease is characterized by the sudden onset of intense headache, malaise, and generalized myalgia followed by the formation of a macular skin eruption and vascular and neurologic disturbances.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Purplish or brownish red discoloration, easily visible through the epidermis, caused by hemorrhage into the tissues. When the size of the discolorization is >2-3 cm it is generally called Ecchymoses (ECCHYMOSIS).
A family of viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of a single strand of RNA. Virions are enveloped particles 90-120 nm diameter. The complete family contains over 300 members arranged in five genera: ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS; HANTAVIRUS; NAIROVIRUS; PHLEBOVIRUS; and TOSPOVIRUS.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
A decrease in the number of NEUTROPHILS found in the blood.
The etiologic agent of murine typhus (see TYPHUS, ENDEMIC FLEA-BORNE).
A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.
Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)
Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.
Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).
A disease of pregnant and lactating cows and ewes leading to generalized paresis and death. The disease, which is characterized by hypocalcemia, occurs at or shortly after parturition in cows and within weeks before or after parturition in ewes.
A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of one species (Lake Victoria marburgvirus) with several strains. The genus shows no antigenic cross-reactivity with EBOLAVIRUS.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that require SERUM; ASCITIC FLUID; or BLOOD for growth. Its organisms inhabit the THROAT; and NASOPHARYNX of wild and laboratory rats and cause one form of RAT-BITE FEVER in man.
A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE containing several subgroups and many species. Most are arboviruses transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks. The type species is YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.
A republic in central Africa, east of the REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, south of the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and north of ANGOLA and ZAMBIA. The capital is Kinshasa.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
A family of RNA viruses naturally infecting rodents and consisting of one genus (ARENAVIRUS) with two groups: Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD) and New World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD). Infection in rodents is persistent and silent. Vertical transmission is through milk-, saliva-, or urine-borne routes. Horizontal transmission to humans, monkeys, and other animals is important.
Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The only genus in the family ARENAVIRIDAE. It contains two groups ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD and ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD, which are distinguished by antigenic relationships and geographic distribution.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
Virus diseases caused by the ARENAVIRIDAE.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.
A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.
A synthetic tetracycline derivative with similar antimicrobial activity.
Diseases in which skin eruptions or rashes are a prominent manifestation. Classically, six such diseases were described with similar rashes; they were numbered in the order in which they were reported. Only the fourth (Duke's disease), fifth (ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM), and sixth (EXANTHEMA SUBITUM) numeric designations survive as occasional synonyms in current terminology.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the New World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD), causing Argentinian hemorrhagic fever. The disease is characterized by congestion, edema, generalized lymphadenopathy and hemorrhagic necrosis and is sometimes fatal.
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Members of the class Arachnida, especially SPIDERS; SCORPIONS; MITES; and TICKS; which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
An acute infectious disease caused by ORIENTIA TSUTSUGAMUSHI. It is limited to eastern and southeastern Asia, India, northern Australia, and the adjacent islands. Characteristics include the formation of a primary cutaneous lesion at the site of the bite of an infected mite, fever lasting about two weeks, and a maculopapular rash.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
Hereditary inflammation conditions, characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation. Common symptoms include recurrent fever, rash, arthritis, fatigue, and secondary AMYLOIDOSIS. Hereditary autoinflammatory diseases are associated with mutations in genes involved in regulation of normal inflammatory process and are not caused by AUTOANTIBODIES, or antigen specific T-LYMPHOCYTES.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A subclass of analgesic agents that typically do not bind to OPIOID RECEPTORS and are not addictive. Many non-narcotic analgesics are offered as NONPRESCRIPTION DRUGS.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, one of the New World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD), causing a fatal infection in the cricetine rodent Oryzomys albigularis. Asymptomatic laboratory infection in humans has been reported.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Multidisciplinary field focusing on prevention of infectious diseases and patient safety during international TRAVEL. Key element of patient's pre-travel visit to the physician is a health risk assessment.
Vaccines for the prevention of diseases caused by various species of Rickettsia.
A family of small, gram-negative organisms, often parasitic in humans and other animals, causing diseases that may be transmitted by invertebrate vectors.
A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans. It is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause SCARLET FEVER and RHEUMATIC FEVER.
Seizures that occur during a febrile episode. It is a common condition, affecting 2-5% of children aged 3 months to five years. An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance has been identified in some families. The majority are simple febrile seizures (generally defined as generalized onset, single seizures with a duration of less than 30 minutes). Complex febrile seizures are characterized by focal onset, duration greater than 30 minutes, and/or more than one seizure in a 24 hour period. The likelihood of developing epilepsy (i.e., a nonfebrile seizure disorder) following simple febrile seizures is low. Complex febrile seizures are associated with a moderately increased incidence of epilepsy. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p784)
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE containing over 150 viruses, most of which are transmitted by mosquitoes or flies. They are arranged in groups defined by serological criteria, each now named for the original reference species (previously called serogroups). Many species have multiple serotypes or strains.
A species of HANTAVIRUS causing nephropathia epidemica, a mild form of HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME. It is found in most of Europe and especially in Finland, along with its carrier rodent, the bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus).
Infections with viruses of the family FILOVIRIDAE. The infections in humans consist of a variety of clinically similar viral hemorrhagic fevers but the natural reservoir host is unknown.
The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
A major alkaloid from Colchicum autumnale L. and found also in other Colchicum species. Its primary therapeutic use is in the treatment of gout, but it has been used also in the therapy of familial Mediterranean fever (PERIODIC DISEASE).
Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.
An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).
Infection with the Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus, a Flavivirus.
A family of RNA viruses, of the order MONONEGAVIRALES, containing filamentous virions. Although they resemble RHABDOVIRIDAE in possessing helical nucleocapsids, Filoviridae differ in the length and degree of branching in their virions. There are two genera: EBOLAVIRUS and MARBURGVIRUS.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.
A characteristic symptom complex.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Infections caused by arthropod-borne viruses, general or unspecified.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.
A subnormal level of BLOOD PLATELETS.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
A genus of the subfamily ALOUATTINAE, family ATELIDAE, inhabiting the forests of Central and South America. Howlers travel in groups and define their territories by howling accompanied by vigorously shaking and breaking branches.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Infections with viruses of the genus FLAVIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, the islands of Great Comoro, Anjouan, Mayotte, and Moheli, lying between northeast Mozambique and northwest Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. In 1914 they became a colony attached to Madagascar administratively and were made a French overseas territory in 1947. Except for Mayotte which remained French, Comoros became an independent republic in 1975. Comoros represents the Arabic qamar, moon, said by some scholars to be linked with the mystical Mountains of the Moon said to be somewhere in equatorial Africa. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p283 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p122)
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
Tests that are dependent on the clumping of cells, microorganisms, or particles when mixed with specific antiserum. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.

Pyorrhoea as cause of pyrexia. (1/3622)

Three patients with fever and malaise, one of whom also had joint pains, were extensively investigated before their condition was attributed to dental sepsis. Each patient recovered fully after appropriate dental treatment. Dental sepsis should be added to the list of possible causes of pyrexia of undetermined origin, and a routine dental examination should be carried out in each case.  (+info)

Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) protects postimplantation murine embryos from the embryolethal effects of hyperthermia. (2/3622)

Previous work has shown that there is a positive correlation between the induction of Hsp70 and its transient nuclear localization and the acquisition and loss of induced thermotolerance in postimplantation rat embryos. To determine whether Hsp70 is sufficient to induce thermotolerance in postimplantation mammalian embryos, we used a transgenic mouse in which the normally strictly inducible Hsp70 is constitutively expressed in the embryo under the control of a beta-actin promoter. Day 8.0 mouse embryos heterozygous for the Hsp70 transgene were not protected from the embryotoxic effects of hyperthermia (43 degrees C); however, homozygous embryos, expressing approximately twice as much Hsp70 as heterozygous embryos, were partially protected (increased embryo viability) from the embryolethal effects of hyperthermia. Although the viability of transgenic embryos was significantly increased compared with that of nontransgenic embryos, this protection did not extend to embryo growth and development. To determine whether the failure to achieve a more robust protection was related to the expression of insufficient Hsp70 in transgenic embryos, we undertook experiments to determine whether the level of Hsp70 correlated with the level of thermotolerance induced by various lengths of a 41 degrees C heat shock. A 41 degrees C, 5-minute heat shock failed to induce Hsp70 or thermotolerance, a 41 degrees C, 15-minute heat shock induced Hsp70 and a significant level of thermotolerance, while a 41 degrees C, 60-minute heat shock induced an even higher level of Hsp70 as well as a higher level of thermotolerance. Quantitation of Hsp70 levels indicated that thermotolerance was associated with levels of Hsp70 of 820 pg/microg embryo protein or greater. Subsequent quantitation of the amount of Hsp70 expressed in homozygous transgenic embryos indicated a level of 577 pg/microg embryo protein, that is, a level below that associated with induced thermotolerance. Overall, results presented indicate that Hsp70 does play a direct role in the induction of thermotolerance in postimplantation mouse embryos; however, the level of thermotolerance is dependent on the level of Hsp70 expressed.  (+info)

Modulation of the thermoregulatory sweating response to mild hyperthermia during activation of the muscle metaboreflex in humans. (3/3622)

1. To investigate the effect of the muscle metaboreflex on the thermoregulatory sweating response in humans, eight healthy male subjects performed sustained isometric handgrip exercise in an environmental chamber (35 C and 50 % relative humidity) at 30 or 45 % maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), at the end of which the blood circulation to the forearm was occluded for 120 s. The environmental conditions were such as to produce sweating by increase in skin temperature without a marked change in oesophageal temperature. 2. During circulatory occlusion after handgrip exercise at 30 % MVC for 120 s or at 45 % MVC for 60 s, the sweating rate (SR) on the chest and forearm (hairy regions), and the mean arterial blood pressure were significantly above baseline values (P < 0.05). There were no changes from baseline values in the oesophageal temperature, mean skin temperature, or SR on the palm (hairless regions). 3. During the occlusion after handgrip exercise at 30 % MVC for 60 s and during the occlusion alone, none of the measured parameters differed from baseline values. 4. It is concluded that, under mildly hyperthermic conditions, the thermoregulatory sweating response on the hairy regions is modulated by afferent signals from muscle metaboreceptors.  (+info)

Effects of targeted disruption of the mouse angiotensin II type 2 receptor gene on stress-induced hyperthermia. (4/3622)

1. We have previously reported that brain angiotensin II type 2 receptors (AT2) contribute to immunological stress-induced hyperthermia (fever) in rats. Now, in mice, we report the effect of AT2 gene disruption on the hyperthermia induced by immunological (interleukin-1 (IL-1) injection) and non-immunological (saline injection or cage switch) stress. 2. AT2-deficient and control mice both showed typical circadian rhythmicity in body temperature and physical activity. During the latter half of the dark period, AT2-deficient mice exhibited a lower body temperature than the controls. 3. By comparison with the controls, AT2-deficient mice exhibited: (i) a significantly smaller hyperthermia after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of IL-1beta; (ii) significantly greater increases in body temperature and physical activity after i. p. saline; and (iii) a significantly greater hyperthermia (but a similar increase in activity) during cage-switch stress. 4. These results suggest that AT2, presumably in the brain, plays important roles in stress-induced hyperthermia in mice.  (+info)

Familial Mediterranean fever--renal involvement by diseases other than amyloid. (5/3622)

BACKGROUND: In patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) renal involvement is usually in the form of AA amyloidosis. There is increasing evidence that renal involvement may be due to diseases other than amyloid as well. METHODS: Amongst 302 children with FMF we observed and followed 28 with typical clinical and laboratory features of vasculitis. The diagnosis of FMF was established according to the Tel Hashomer criteria. RESULTS: Polyarteritis nodosa, protracted febrile attacks and Henoch-Schonlein purpura were diagnosed in 4, 13, and 11 patients, respectively. The presentation was often difficult to distinguish from FMF attacks, but protracted febrile attacks lasting several weeks, hypertension, thrombocytosis, and dramatic responses to corticosteroid therapy that were observed in many cases were different from what is observed in classical FMF. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that FMF, perhaps as a consequence of impaired control of inflammatory responses, predisposes to vasculitis with renal involvement.  (+info)

Acute-phase responses in transgenic mice with CNS overexpression of IL-1 receptor antagonist. (6/3622)

The interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) is an endogenous antagonist that blocks the effects of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1alpha and IL-1beta by occupying the type I IL-1 receptor. Here we describe transgenic mice with astrocyte-directed overexpression of the human secreted IL-1ra (hsIL-1ra) under the control of the murine glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoter. Two GFAP-hsIL-1ra strains have been generated and characterized further: GILRA2 and GILRA4. These strains show a brain-specific expression of the hsIL-1ra at the mRNA and protein levels. The hsIL-1ra protein was approximated to approximately 50 ng/brain in cytosolic fractions of whole brain homogenates, with no differences between male and female mice or between the two strains. Furthermore, the protein is secreted, inasmuch as the concentration of hsIL-1ra in the cerebrospinal fluid was 13 (GILRA2) to 28 (GILRA4) times higher in the transgenic mice than in the control animals. To characterize the transgenic phenotype, GILRA mice and nontransgenic controls were injected with recombinant human IL-1beta (central injection) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS, peripheral injection). The febrile response elicited by IL-1beta (50 ng/mouse icv) was abolished in hsIL-1ra-overexpressing animals, suggesting that the central IL-1 receptors were occupied by antagonist. The peripheral LPS injection (25 micrograms/kg ip) triggered a fever in overexpressing and control animals. Moreover, no differences were found in LPS-induced (100 and 1,000 micrograms/kg ip; 1 and 6 h after injection) IL-1beta and IL-6 serum levels between GILRA and wild-type mice. On the basis of these results, we suggest that binding of central IL-1 to central IL-1 receptors is not important in LPS-induced fever or LPS-induced IL-1beta and IL-6 plasma levels.  (+info)

Central administration of rat IL-6 induces HPA activation and fever but not sickness behavior in rats. (7/3622)

Interleukin (IL)-6 has been proposed to mediate several sickness responses, including brain-mediated neuroendocrine, temperature, and behavioral changes. However, the exact mechanisms and sites of action of IL-6 are still poorly understood. In the present study, we describe the effects of central administration of species-homologous recombinant rat IL-6 (rrIL-6) on the induction of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity, fever, social investigatory behavior, and immobility. After intracerebroventricular administration of rrIL-6 (50 or 100 ng/rat), rats demonstrated HPA and febrile responses. In contrast, rrIL-6 alone did not induce changes in social investigatory and locomotor behavior at doses of up to 400 ng/rat. Coadministration of rrIL-6 (100 ng/rat) and rrIL-1beta (40 ng/rat), which alone did not affect the behavioral responses, reduced social investigatory behavior and increased the duration of immobility. Compared with rhIL-6, intracerebroventricular administration of rrIL-6 (100 ng/rat) induced higher HPA responses and early-phase febrile responses. This is consistent with a higher potency of rrIL-6, compared with rhIL-6, in the murine B9 bioassay. We conclude that species-homologous rrIL-6 alone can act in the brain to induce HPA and febrile responses, whereas it only reduces social investigatory behavior and locomotor activity in the presence of IL-1beta.  (+info)

Liposomal amphotericin B for empirical therapy in patients with persistent fever and neutropenia. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group. (8/3622)

BACKGROUND: In patients with persistent fever and neutropenia, amphotericin B is administered empirically for the early treatment and prevention of clinically occult invasive fungal infections. However, breakthrough fungal infections can develop despite treatment, and amphotericin B has substantial toxicity. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial comparing liposomal amphotericin B with conventional amphotericin B as empirical antifungal therapy. RESULTS: The mean duration of therapy was 10.8 days for liposomal amphotericin B (343 patients) and 10.3 days for conventional amphotericin B (344 patients). The composite rates of successful treatment were similar (50 percent for liposomal amphotericin B and 49 percent for conventional amphotericin B) and were independent of the use of antifungal prophylaxis or colony-stimulating factors. The outcomes were similar with liposomal amphotericin B and conventional amphotericin B with respect to survival (93 percent and 90 percent, respectively), resolution of fever (58 percent and 58 percent), and discontinuation of the study drug because of toxic effects or lack of efficacy (14 percent and 19 percent). There were fewer proved breakthrough fungal infections among patients treated with liposomal amphotericin B (11 patients [3.2 percent]) than among those treated with conventional amphotericin B (27 patients [7.8 percent], P=0.009). With the liposomal preparation significantly fewer patients had infusion-related fever (17 percent vs. 44 percent), chills or rigors (18 percent vs. 54 percent), and other reactions, including hypotension, hypertension, and hypoxia. Nephrotoxic effects (defined by a serum creatinine level two times the upper limit of normal) were significantly less frequent among patients treated with liposomal amphotericin B (19 percent) than among those treated with conventional amphotericin B (34 percent, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Liposomal amphotericin B is as effective as conventional amphotericin B for empirical antifungal therapy in patients with fever and neutropenia, and it is associated with fewer breakthrough fungal infections, less infusion-related toxicity, and less nephrotoxicity.  (+info)

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Causes and natural remedies for Fever, including supplements and a comprehensive Wellness Program - Fever Treatments, Fever Remedies, Reducing a Fever, Natural Fever Remedies, Fever Symptoms, Fever in Children, High Fever, Adult Fever, Fever and Flu, Body Temperature
Malaria Consortium - Universal versus conditional third day follow up visit for children with nonsevere unclassified fever at the community level in ethiopia protocol for a cluster randomized noninferiority trial - One of the worlds leading non-profit organisations specialising in the prevention, control and treatment of malaria and other communicable diseases among vulnerable populations.
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The temperature is rising, and that can mean only one thing. Introducing Friday Fever at Showreel Bingo, the perfect start to a party weekend. This game is a £150 jackpot at 8 PM - tickets cost 50p. Pre-buy your tickets if you cant be around to join in the fun, but be warned, if you are unavailable to play, you will miss one heck of a night.. Now then - which would you prefer? A Kindle, or a Nintendo 3 DS. You could be winning one of these delightful gadgets, simply by playing bingo and by playing slots. If you are the player to wager the most on bingo, the Amazon Kindle will be yours. Play the most on slots to win a Nintendo 3 DS. And please, always remember to wager responsibly, as tempting as it can be to go hell for leather on such tournaments.. There is no doubt about it, Showreel has one of the best signup bonuses around. If you are a film buff, and cant get enough of popcorn and the latest releases, youre going to find this offer very impressive indeed. Sign today to get £20 free ...
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This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Milwaukee Criteria for Febrile Infant 28-56 days, Milwaukee Criteria for Febrile Infant, Milwaukee Criteria for Infant with Fever, Febrile Infant Evaluation with Milwaukee Criteria.
A fever is not an infection or disease in itself, but rather is an indication of different conceivable diseases. The term is utilized to refer to the ascent in body temperature, which by and large happens when your immune framework is battling to overcome or anticipate an infection. In infants and youthful youngsters, even a slight ascent in temperature might be a reason for concern. In grown-ups, a fever might be viewed as genuine when it ascends to 103 F or above. However as a rule, even minor conditions can bring about a high fever, while genuine disease can bring about a poor quality fever. A fever for the most part dies down in a couple of days and there are numerous over-the-counter solutions that can treat one. Mellow fevers might likewise be left untreated. In the event that a fever is joined by different signs and side effects that you are new to anyway, it is best to look for brief medicinal consideration. ...
It has been demonstrated that circulating levels of IL-6 rise dramatically following LPS injection with a profile that correlates closely with the development of fever (Harre et al., 2002) and that the neutralization of endogenous IL-6 (Cartmell et al., 2000) or absence of IL-6 in knockout mice (Chai et al., 1996) results in an almost total inhibition of the LPS-induced fever, suggesting that IL-6 is an essential circulating mediator of the brain-derived fever response. In an attempt to investigate the involvement of this inflammatory cytokine in the inhibitory effect of WIN 55,212-2 on LPS-induced fever, we determined the effect of WIN 55,212-2 on plasma levels of IL-6 induced by LPS, examined concurrently at two different time points that coincide with the first (3 h) and second (5 h) peaks of LPS-induced fever. In parallel with the inhibitory effect of WIN 55,212-2 on LPS-induced fever, the plasma level of IL-6 was also attenuated at both time points. Several studies have reported the ...
Video Abstract: media-1vid110.1542/5840460609001PEDS-VA_2018-1879 OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Rochester and modified Philadelphia criteria for the risk stratification of febrile infants with invasive bacterial infection (IBI) who do not appear ill without routine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of febrile infants ≤60 days old presenting to 1 of 9 emergency departments from 2011 to 2016. For each infant with IBI (defined as a blood [bacteremia] and/or CSF [bacterial meningitis] culture with growth of a pathogen), controls without IBI were matched by site and date of visit. Infants were excluded if they appeared ill or had a complex chronic condition or if data for any component of the Rochester or modified Philadelphia criteria were missing. RESULTS: Overall, 135 infants with IBI (118 [87.4%] with bacteremia without meningitis and 17 [12.6%] with bacterial meningitis) and 249 controls were included. The sensitivity of the modified Philadelphia criteria was
The Blog had indeed been very helpful.Thank you for this. I have a 2years and 8 months old son. Recently,around 3 weeks ago he started going to school and on the first day itself developed a mild fever while he returned. In the evening the fever shot up to 101 degrees and so i gave him Crocin syrup -5ml. However the fever did not subside and the child developed loose motion and vomiting as well. The fever shot up to 102 and we starting sponging him during which he was shivering a bit and suddenly went into convulsion. It was for around 4-5 mins. We got worried and took him to the hospital where he was admitted for two days during which again he got one convulsion of around 2-3 minutes.This was again while sponging.Now he is fine however I am a bit worried. Since he has got both the convulsions while sponging i am not very comfortable while sponging the child in case of fever fearing that he may get into convulsion. Please advice, Sir, what can we do so that convulsion dont occur again and also ...
Background: Management of febrile neutropenic episodes (FE) is challenged by lacking microbiological and clinical documentation of infection. We aimed at evaluating the utility of monitoring blood procalcitonin (PCT) in FE for initial diagnosis of infection and reassessment in persistent fever. Methods: PCT kinetics was prospectively monitored in 194 consecutive FE (1771 blood samples): 65 microbiologically documented infections (MDI, 33.5%; 49 due to non-coagulase-negative staphylococci, non-CNS), 68 clinically documented infections (CDI, 35%; 39 deep-seated), and 61 fever of unexplained origin (FUO, 31.5%). Results: At fever onset median PCT was 190 pg/mL (range 30-26800), without significant difference among MDI, CDI and FUO. PCT peak occurred on day 2 after onset of fever: non-CNS-MDI/deep-seated-CDI (656, 80-86350) vs. FUO (205, 33-771; p,0.001). PCT ,500 pg/mL distinguished non-CNS-MDI/deep-seated-CDI from FUO with 56% sensitivity and 90% specificity. PCT was ,500 pg/ml in only 10% of FUO ...
Normal temperature in adults A normal adult body temperature, when taken orally, can range from 97.6-99.6°F, though different sources may give slightly different figures. In adults, the following temperatures suggest that someone has a fever: at least 100.4°F (38°C) is a fever. above 103.1°F (39.5°C) is a high fever. ...
Fever Fever is one of the most common symptoms we came across in our daily life. It is mistakenly taken as a disease but it is an indication of an underlying infectious ailment. It is characterized by an increase in body temperature. Other names for fever are hyperpyrexia, hyperthermia, and raised Body temperature. Everyone has to cope with it many times in his/her life. Mild Fever may get resolved automatically but in severe cases, extensive workup should be done to reach the definitive diagnosis.. Thermoregulatory Centre. In the brain, there is a thermoregulatory sensor called the hypothalamus that controls our body temperature. Normally the body temperature is 98.6F but it does fluctuate according to our body metabolism, our body health and diurnal variations.. In general, a baby has a fever when their body temperature exceeds 100.4°F (38°C). A child has a fever when their temperature exceeds 99.5°F (37.5°C). An adult has a fever when their temperature exceeds 99-99.5°F ...
TV: 7:30 p.m., WCIU-Ch. 26.2. 2013 records: Sky 24-10, Fever 16-18 Series: Fever 29-6. Last meeting: Fever beat Sky 79-57 to complete sweep of first playoff round Sept. 22 at Indianapolis. Philip
Some methods may not be as reliable or accurate as others. For information about taking accurate temperatures, see the topic Body Temperature.. If you think your child has a fever but you are not able to measure his or her temperature, it is important to look for other symptoms of illness.. Children tend to run higher fevers than adults. The degree of fever may not indicate how serious your childs illness is. With a minor illness, such as a cold, a child may have an oral temperature of 104°F (40°C), while a very serious infection may not cause a fever or may cause only a mild fever. With many illnesses, a fever temperature can go up and down very quickly and often, so be sure to look for other symptoms along with the fever.. Babies with a fever often have an infection caused by a virus, such as a cold or the flu. Infections caused by bacteria, such as a urinary infection or bacterial pneumonia, also can cause a fever. Babies younger than 3 months should be seen by a doctor anytime they have a ...
For years now, youve heard crunchy moms saying that fevers are good for sick children. Youll hear, Dont give a fever reducer, a fever is a good thing! It fights the infection!. Our bodies fight infection in a number of ways. One way is through fevers. For example, according to the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, MRSA can not live in a climate that is 104 degrees.. In a paper called Clinical Report-Fever and Antipyretic Use in Children which was published by The American Academy of Pediatrics doctors explain that fevers themselves really are not dangerous:. Fever, however, is not the primary illness but is a physiologic mechanism that has beneficial effects in fighting infection. There is no evidence that fever itself worsens the course of an illness or that it causes long-term neurologic complications.. What about a VERY high fever?. I hear from moms all the time who say, Well, I dont give Tylenol for a low grade fever, but a fever that gets to 104, I most certainly do. ...
How to protect _s show of your hair to send and attend to in summer How to protect your hair in summer? If your hair is very healthy, o ...
In its own way it rivals the very worst excesses of ancient Rome. But beyond being an indication of moral decay it also reveals the true nature of Britains political elite.. By day Dougie Smith is a senior co-ordinator of a Conservative party think tank whose members include Theresa May, chairman of Britains foremost opposition party.. By night however, Smith runs Fever Parties, a London-based organisation that hosts what it describes as five star sex parties: in plain language sex orgies for the elite.. Yesterday Smith confirmed that for five years he has been bringing together rich and fashionable London professionals for sex parties in expensive town houses and country mansions. The parties, attended by up to 50 couples at a time, carry on until dawn, with participants swapping partners and taking part in unusual combinations.. According to guests who have attended, the parties start with drinks and canapes served by waiters in a candlelit lounge. Thereafter partygoers wander off to ...
The spirit of summer and the 70s remains alive this week at the Porto Vista Hotel for SDPIXs Top of the Bays Friday Night Fever featuring DJ Rick Betta (above).The hotel itself, with its relaxing atmosphere, sophisticated design, and a beautiful harbor view, will make you hopelessly devoted to the city.
Theatre review of Hay Fever (Noël Coward) from Royal Lyceum Theatre and Citizens Theatre at Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh, reviewer: Seth Ewin
Hi my son is 2 just cut is canines all at same time. He had a fever Friday afternoon and was ok after cal pol was ok in himself ... Read more on Netmums
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I am really enjoying the mental gyrations the lefties are going through to paint the latest Lamont-Leiberman poll as good news for sinking Ned! Here is one diary and a second diary which are fun to read if you are a conservative. The delusional logic goes like this: In a prior Quinnipiac Poll (see June 20th results here) Lamont was further behind in a three way race. But if you look at the numbers Joe has not moved from his 50+% dominant position which is a lock for election in a three-way race. So while Lamont has improved, he has not moved Joes state-wide support one iota. The second bit of logic is to claim Ned has increased his support among Dems from 52% to 65% from the primary to this poll because that is how much the Dem support has changed. Well, some of that is jumping on the bandwagon - which means they could jump right off again. But much of it is because the primary numbers reflect the hard core of the Dems and the poll relfects a much softer, less reliable set of voters. If the ...
Total sales excluding fuel for Waitrose were down 0.4% last week (to Saturday February 25) compared with the same week last year.. Customers were preparing to celebrate Pancake Day, held on Tuesday February 28, with sales of pre-made pancakes up 44%.. Shoppers were also planning to whip the crepes up from scratch, with egg sales up 5%, flour up 30% and butter up 7%. Favourite toppings included lemons, up 28%, sugar up 24% and maple syrup up 171%.. The supermarket chains commercial director Rupert Thomas added that fruit, vegetables and salads continued to see healthy sales. He noted that last week saw the launch of all year round British salad leaves at Waitrose - a UK supermarket first.. ...
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Watching the flowers unfurl in a glass of jade ingot tea is just as relaxing as sipping it. Blossoms are all the rage right now. The 95th anniversary of Japans floral gift to America has inspired a city-wide cherry...
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If you have taken your dogs temperature rectally, and it does not warrant a visit to the veterinarian, you may want to try to bring the fever down naturally at home. You can start by bathing your dog in a cool bath. It is important to make sure that the water is not too cool or ice cold. This can cause your dog to go into a state of shock when he has a high fever and will most likely cause him to be chilled after he exits the bath. The next thing you need to do is make sure that your dog is drinking plenty of water. Because he has a fever, he will naturally not have the desire to eat or drink. But your dog can go much further without food than he can without water. If your dog is not drinking enough water while he has a fever, it can lead to dehydration which can lead to other, more serious, complications. ...
Do you know someone who is suffering from Olympic Fever? Or, more correctly, do you know someone who is insufferable because he or she has Olympic Fever? Were talking 2002 Olympic Fever, of course. And dont think this warning is premature just because there is an epidemic of Ute Fever at the moment, or because Jazz Fever is expected to be hot on its heels.
A low fever can actually benefit a sick child, and the researchers attributed parental tendencies to fever phobia--a fear that fever is harmful--which they say originated after the introduction of anti-fever drugs like Tylenol. A group of Israeli researchers obtained their results from a questionnaire sent to more than 2,000 parents, doctors and nurses regarding fevers in children older than 3 months. The researchers defined fever as 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit above normal body temperature, which is around 98.6 degrees. The survey included questions on risks of fever, dosages of anti-fever drugs and when children should be treated. Dr. Michael Sarrell and colleagues from the IPROS Network of the Israel Ambulatory Pediatric Association in Tel Aviv published their survey results in the January issue of Patient Education and Counseling. The investigators found that only 43% of parents knew that a fever below 100.4 degrees can be beneficial to a child, in contrast to 86% of the doctors and 64% of the ...
A temperature slightly above normal to a temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) is called a low grade fever and usually not a cause for worry unless it continues to rise. A temperature that is higher than a low grade fever should be monitored and a fever of 104°F (40°C) or higher can be dangerous and a doctor should be called immediately. A high fever can cause convulsions and delusions, especially in infants, children and the elderly.. A fever is actually one of our bodys healing defense mechanisms. When we get sick and get a fever, our body is actually trying to kill what made us sick in the first place. The most common causes of a fever are illnesses due to a virus or bacteria. Since viruses and bacteria cannot live at higher temperatures, the bodys immune system uses fever to stop the illness. In other words, that fever that makes us feel so miserable is actually trying to heal us by killing what is making us sick. For this reason, it is usually best to let a low grade fever run its course, ...
In malaria and other potentially severe febrile illness, the decision by patients and caregivers on where and when to seek care is a complex one involving among other things, cost (direct and indirect), distance, and perceived severity of disease. This study demonstrates that there were substantially more delays, and a higher proportion of patients perceived as severe in health centres compared to chemical shops. A high proportion of those attending health centres had first sought care at a chemical shop, and there was more delay in people reaching a health centre for care after the onset of symptoms as compared to chemical shops. This included patients who had self-reported moderately severe disease, most of whom had previously been to chemical shops in the private sector, and also those in the lowest wealth quintiles. The results showed a clear trend for less formal education to be associated with using the public sector. Interactions with other measures of socioeconomic status were complex, ...
Parents of 202 young febrile children were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and fears concerning fever and its treatment. Forty-eight percent of the parents considered temperatures less than 38.0°C to be fevers, 43% felt that temperatures less than 40.0°C could be dangerous to a child, 21% favored treatment for fevers less than 38.0°C, and 15% believed that, left untreated, temperature could rise to 42.0°C or higher. Fifty-three percent advocated waking a febrile child at night to administer antipyretic therapy. Young age of the child was associated with a preference for use of acetaminophen over aspirin and, unexpectedly, with a higher parental threshold for consideration of fever. The higher their childs temperature at the time they were questioned, the higher the minimum temperature that parents considered a cause for concern. Surprisingly, higher socioeconomic status was not associated with a lesser degree of fever phobia. In fact, parents of higher socioeconomic status were ...
What is fever? What are symptoms of fever? How to treat fever? What medicine to give for fever? How high is too high of a fever? Treatments and fever.
WebMD explains that fevers can be caused by infections, severe trauma or injury. Other factors that can cause fever are arthritis, hyperthyroidism and certain forms of cancer. Even certain...
What is it? A fever is usually a sign that something out of the ordinary is going on in your body. For an adult, a fever may be uncomfortable, but usually isnt dangerous unless it reaches 103 F (39.4 C) or higher. For young children and infants, a slightly elevated temperature may indicate a serious infection. But the degree of fever doesnt necessarily indicate the seriousness of the underlying condition. A minor illness may cause a high fever, and a more serious illness may cause a low fever.
Nearly every child will develop a fever at some point. The challenge for parents is to know when to be concerned. This topic review will discuss the definition of a fever, how to accurately measure a childs temperature, how and when to treat fever, and signs and symptoms that require further evaluation ...
Email. HALLANDALE BEACH, Fla. - Trainer Shug McGaughey knows that the best chance Cat Cay has of beating speedsters Raging Fever and Tugger is if they come back to her a little bit at the end of Fridays seven-furlong Shirley Jones Handicap. And that might happen if those two fillies hook up in an early duel in the Grade 3 race. Cat Cay rallied to finish second, beaten two lengths by Raging Fever, in the six-furlong First Lady Handicap four weeks earlier. And McGaughey figures the extra eighth of a mile may also enhance his fillys chance in Fridays rematch. My filly just got outrun by Raging Fever at six furlongs, said McGaughey. She shook loose on the turn and we had a hard time catching her. The extra distance and a fast pace will help us Friday and so will the racetrack, which is a little tighter now than it was the last time they met. Unfortunately for McGaughey, his colleague Todd Pletcher is uncertain whether he will run Tugger in the Shirley Jones or await a softer spot later in ...
Tropical fevers have been a diagnostic challenge from the antiquity. Nowadays, despite the availability of good diagnostic capacities, undifferentiated febrile illnesses continue to be a thorny problem for travel physicians. In developing countries, the scarcity of skilled personnel and adequate laboratory facilities makes the differential diagnosis of fevers even more complex. Health care workers must often rely on syndrome-oriented empirical approaches to treatment and might overestimate or underestimate the likelihood of certain diseases. For instance Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) contribute substantially to the burden of persistent (more than 1 week) fevers in the Tropics, causing considerable mortality and major disability. These diseases are however rarely diagnosed at primary health care (PHC) level. The difficulty in establishing the cause of febrile illnesses has resulted in omission or delays in treatment, irrational prescriptions with polytherapy, increasing cost and development ...
The nurses on the childrens ward used to have a very fixed approach to fever in young children. If the child had a temperature of 38°C, they would strip the child down and ask the junior doctor on duty to write up some paracetamol. If the child had a temperature of 39°C, they would ask the doctor to write up ibuprofen as well as paracetamol. The doctors would readily comply with these requests.. These practices raise a number of questions. Why are we trying to reduce body temperature in a child with fever? Is fever dangerous in itself? Is a child with a high fever more likely to have a serious underlying cause? What are the benefits of trying to reduce a childs fever? Conversely, and given that fever is part of the bodys natural response to infection, should we try to reduce a childs temperature at all? Are physical methods of cooling effective? Are antipyretic drugs effective, and, if so, which ones should we use? Are they safe? Are two agents better than one?. We (the authors) are two of ...
1. Symptomatic herpes occurred in 190 (46.2 per cent) of 411 patients treated with fever induced by physical methods.. 2. Herpes recurred in only 7, or 5.3 per cent, of 131 patients given subsequent fever treatments, suggesting that some immunity develops with the first attack.. 3. An acute encephalitis-like syndrome of short duration and without sequelae developed in a group of patients with severe herpes following fever therapy.. 4. A filter-passing virus, recovered from herpetic vesicles on patients treated with artificially induced fever, produced a fatal encephalitis in rabbits when inoculated intracerebrally and by corneal scarification. Intranuclear inclusion bodies were observed in corneal epithelial cells and in motor ganglion cells of the brain similar to those observed in rabbits injected with known strains of herpes virus.. 5. Four strains of virus that had been recovered from herpetic vesicles appearing on patients subsequent to artificially induced fever were shown by ...
Learn when to seek medical attention for a fever. Fever evaluation and treatment available now at Pulse-MD Urgent Care in Wappingers Falls and Mahopac, NY.
Behavioural fever, defined as an acute change in thermal preference driven by pathogen recognition, has been reported in a variety of invertebrates and ectothermic vertebrates. It has been suggested, but so far not confirmed, that such changes in thermal regime favour the immune response and thus promote survival. Here, we show that zebrafish display behavioural fever that acts to promote extensive and highly specific temperature-dependent changes in the brain transcriptome. The observed coupling of the immune response to fever acts at the gene-environment level to promote a robust, highly specific time-dependent anti-viral response that, under viral infection, increases survival. Fish that are not offered a choice of temperatures and that therefore cannot express behavioural fever show decreased survival under viral challenge. This phenomenon provides an underlying explanation for the varied functional responses observed during systemic fever. Given the effects of behavioural fever on survival ...
I am sorry that you are not feeling well and have a fever. While there are ways to decrease the fever at home, you should follow up with your primary
Disorders of elevated body temperature may be classified as either fever or hyperthermia. Fever is caused by a pyrogen-mediated upward adjustment of the hypothalamic thermostat; hyperthermia results from a loss of physiologic control of temperature regulation. Fever in the ICU can be due to infectious or noninfectious causes. The initial approach to a febrile, critically ill patient should involve a thoughtful review of the clinical data to elicit the likely source of fever prior to the ordering of cultures, imaging studies, and broad-spectrum antibiotics ...
How to Get Rid Of A Fever?: Fevers are a cause of grave discomfort simply because the overall functionality of ones body reduces. It has been claimed that weather changes are a major cause for the rise in body temperature. While most people resort to a visit to their local doctor to calm the storm that comes off a fever, there are certain remedies you could try out at at the comfort of your home. The next time a fever claims you as its victim, try recalling some of the points mentioned in this post.. ...
Adults have a tightly controlled thermostat to help regulate their body temperature. When cold, an adult shivers, helping to raise the temperature of the body. Sweating occurs when an adult is overheated, to allow for cooling. These mechanisms, on the other hand, are not completely developed in newborns. In addition, newborns lack the insulating fat layer that older babies and children develop.. Because a newborns temperature regulation system is immature, fever may or may not occur with infection or illness. However, fever in babies can be due to other causes which may be even more serious. Call your babys doctor immediately if your baby younger than three months old has a rectal temperature of 100.4 degrees F or higher.. Fever in newborns may be due to:. ...
My baby has a fever! What should I do? The first article in a two-part series will define what a fever is, discuss the mechanism of a fever and provide a small insight to a doctors perspective on fever according to age groups. First of all it is important to define fever. A fever is defined as a rectal temperature…
Relapsing fever[edit]. Main article: Relapsing fever. Relapsing fever borreliosis often occurs with severe bacteremia.[8] B. ... Borrelia recurrentis (Louse borne relapsing fever). *Borrelia hermsii/Borrelia duttoni/Borrelia parkeri (Tick borne relapsing ... 21 are members of the Lyme disease group, 29 belong to the relapsing fever group, and two are members of a third group.[3] ... "Relapsing fever Borrelia binds to neolacto glycans and mediates rosetting of human erythrocytes". PNAS. 106 (46): 19280-19285 ...
Fever[edit]. Like its ability to control pain, aspirin's ability to control fever is due to its action on the prostaglandin ... Aspirin is a first-line treatment for the fever and joint-pain symptoms of acute rheumatic fever. The therapy often lasts for ... Aspirin is used in the treatment of a number of conditions, including fever, pain, rheumatic fever, and inflammatory diseases, ... Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to treat pain, fever, or inflammation.[4] Specific ...
Valley fever outbreak[edit]. An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever ...
Viral hemorrhagic fever[edit]. Thucydides' narrative pointedly refers to increased risk among caregivers, more typical of the ... a b Manolis J. Papagrigorakis, Christos Yapijakis, and Philippos N.Synodinos, 'Typhoid Fever Epidemic in Ancient Athens,' in ... "Epidemic typhus fever is the best explanation," said Dr. David Durack, consulting professor of medicine at Duke University. "It ... Scavenger animals do not die from infection with typhoid,[16] the onset of fever in typhoid is typically slow and subtle, and ...
Barry Gibb considered the success of the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack both a blessing and a curse: Fever was No. 1 every ... In 1978, following the success of Saturday Night Fever, and the single "Night Fever" in particular, Reubin Askew, the Governor ... a b c d e Sam Kashner, "Fever Pitch", Movies Rock (Supplement to The New Yorker), Fall 2007, unnumbered page. ... Saturday Night Fever and Spirits Having Flown[edit]. Following a successful live album, Here at Last... Bee Gees... Live, the ...
Katayama fever[edit]. Another primary condition, called Katayama fever, may also develop from infection with these worms, and ... Schistosomiasis, also known as snail fever and bilharzia,[9] is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes.[5] ... Acute schistosomiasis (Katayama fever) may occur weeks or months after the initial infection as a systemic reaction against ... Other symptoms can occur 2-10 weeks later and can include fever, aching, a cough, diarrhea, chills, or gland enlargement. These ...
Silk Fever[edit]. Main article: Silk Fever. Samuel Silke[edit]. Main article: Samuel Silke ...
Valley Fever Diagnosis[edit]. In the American southwest, where fungal infections of valley fever are a problem, the ... "Valley Fever". Banner Health - Retrieved 2015-11-12.. *^ a b Legutki, Joseph Barten; Johnston, Stephen ... "Valley fever Tests and diagnosis - Mayo Clinic". Retrieved 2015-11-12.. ... Valley fever infections, when symptomatic, appear similar to the common flu, progressing to pneumonia-like symptoms.[4] Current ...
... from PubMed Health. *. Rolleston JD (November 1928). "The history of scarlet fever". British Medical Journal. 2 ( ... For Cee-Lo Green's backing band, see Scarlet Fever (band). For the song by Kenny Rogers, see Scarlet Fever (song). ... Staphylococcal Scarlet Fever: The rash is identical to the streptococcal scarlet fever in distribution and texture however the ... The abrupt start of the fever and diffused sunburned appearance of the rash can resemble Scarlet Fever. However, this rash is ...
Fever[edit]. Main article: Fever. A temperature setpoint is the level at which the body attempts to maintain its temperature. ... When the setpoint is raised, the result is a fever. Most fevers are caused by infectious disease and can be lowered, if desired ... If this is caused by fever, there may also be chills.. Normal[edit]. *36.5-37.5 °C (97.7-99.5 °F) is a typically reported range ... With fever, the body's core temperature rises to a higher temperature through the action of the part of the brain that controls ...
Dengue and chikungunya fever[edit]. Main article: Dengue fever. There are 50-100 million dengue virus infections annually.[25] ... Their major campaign, End7, aims to end seven of the most common NTDs (elephantiasis, river blindness, snail fever, trachoma, ... The first symptoms are usually skin chancres, unilateral purplish orbital oedema, local lymphoadenopathies, and fever ... Dengue fever is caused by a flavivirus, and is spread mostly by the bite of the A. Aegypti mosquito.[25] No treatment for ...
Yellow fever 1793[edit]. After 1787 the city's economy grew rapidly in the postwar years. Serious yellow fever outbreaks in the ... John Harvey Powell, Bring out your dead: the great plague of yellow fever in Philadelphia in 1793 (1993). ... The fever finally abated at the end of October with the onset of colder weather and was declared at an end by mid-November. The ... Benjamin Rush identified an outbreak in August 1793 as a yellow fever epidemic, the first in 30 years, which lasted four months ...
Q-fever[edit]. Ixodes holocyclus is also commonly mentioned as a potential vector of Q-Fever (Coxiella burnetii). The ornate ... But this second blood test is important as it is the only way of proving the diagnosis of Spotted Fever. Spotted Fever rarely, ... These days there is not much disputing that Ixodes holocyclus is the main vector for Rickettsial Spotted Fever (also known as ... Fever starts 1-14 days (usually 7-10 days) following the tick bite, followed within a few days by a rash. The rash can look ...
"Mango fever". On August 4, 1968, Mao was presented with about 40 mangoes by the Pakistani foreign minister, Syed Sharifuddin ... There followed several months of "mango fever", as the fruit became a focus of a "boundless loyalty" campaign for Chairman Mao ... A revolutionary fever swept the country by storm, with Red Guards acting as its most prominent warriors. Some changes ...
positive regulation of fever generation. • extracellular matrix organization. • positive regulation of sequence-specific DNA ... TNF, being an endogenous pyrogen, is able to induce fever, apoptotic cell death, cachexia, inflammation and to inhibit ...
High fever. Electrolyte disturbance. Shock N/A (patients die in , 48h) Mortality. Without care. 0-5%. 5-95%. 95-100%. 100%. 100 ... High fever. Diarrhea. Vomiting. Dizziness and disorientation. Hypotension. Electrolyte disturbance Nausea. Vomiting. Severe ... Fever. None. Moderate increase (10-100%). Moderate to severe (100%). Severe (100%). Severe (100%) ...
Fever. The symptoms of thrombocytopenia include: *Easily bleeding or bruising. *Difficulty to stop bleeding ...
Matthew Okumura (writer) & Bill Gereghty (director) (February 18, 2003). "Fever". Smallville. Season 2. Episode 16. The WB.. ... "Fever" while he is sick, but he calls out Lana Lang's name in his delirium.[4] Her feelings for Clark get in the way of her ...
Blood thinning; mild-to-moderate pain; fever; rheumatic fever; migraine; rheumatoid arthritis; Kawasaki's disease. GI bleeds; ... Analgesia and fever reduction.. As per paracetamol. Ziconotide. Peptide.. N-type calcium-channel blocker.. Intrathecal.. ... Pain, fever and rheumatic conditions.. Cardiac problems; otherwise As per diclofenac. Sulindac. Comes in free acid and sodium ... Pain; fever.. Cancer; AEs of paracetamol. Amitriptyline. Comes in free form and in hydrochloride and embonate salt forms; ...
Fever: unclear cause.. *White coat hypertension, that is, elevated blood pressure in a clinical setting but not in other ...
The Women's Health Initiative trials were conducted between 1991 and 2006 and were the first large, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials of HRT in healthy women.[52] Their results were both positive and negative, suggesting that during the time of hormone therapy itself, there are increases in invasive breast cancer, stroke and lung clots. Other risks include increased endometrial cancer, gallbladder disease, and urinary incontinence, while benefits include decreased hip fractures, decreased incidence of diabetes, and improvement of vasomotor symptoms. There also is an increased risk of dementia with HRT in women over 65, though when given earlier it appears to be neuroprotective. After the cessation of HRT, the WHI continued observe its participants, and found that most of these risks and benefits dissipated, though some elevation in breast cancer risk did persist.[24] Other studies have also suggested an increased risk of ovarian cancer.[43] The arm of the WHI receiving combined ...
Fever *Fever of unknown origin. *Drug-induced fever. *Postoperative fever. *Hyperhidrosis *e.g., Sleep hyperhidrosis; "sweating ...
A number of investigations indicate that faster resting heart rate has emerged as a new risk factor for mortality in homeothermic mammals, particularly cardiovascular mortality in human beings. Faster heart rate may accompany increased production of inflammation molecules and increased production of reactive oxygen species in cardiovascular system, in addition to increased mechanical stress to the heart. There is a correlation between increased resting rate and cardiovascular risk. This is not seen to be "using an allotment of heart beats" but rather an increased risk to the system from the increased rate.[41] An Australian-led international study of patients with cardiovascular disease has shown that heart beat rate is a key indicator for the risk of heart attack. The study, published in The Lancet (September 2008) studied 11,000 people, across 33 countries, who were being treated for heart problems. Those patients whose heart rate was above 70 beats per minute had significantly higher ...
Some side effects of overdose include confusion (severe); decrease in or loss of reflexes; drowsiness (severe); fever; ...
... "black fever", kālā meaning black and āzār meaning fever or disease). In the Americas, evidence of the cutaneous form of the ... Visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar ('black fever') is the most serious form, and is generally fatal if untreated.[2] Other ... "dum-dum fever" (Dum Dum is an area close to Calcutta) and proposed them to be trypanosomes, found for the first time in India.[ ... consequences, which can occur a few months to years after infection, include fever, damage to the spleen and liver, and anemia. ...
Fever. *Facial swelling. *Difficulty breathing. *Unusual bleeding. *Seizures. This medicine is passed through breast milk, so ...
... ( anticholinergic agent) is a group of substances that blocks the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh) at synapses in the central and the peripheral nervous system, and, in broad terms, neuromuscular junction.[1][2] These agents inhibit parasympathetic nerve impulses by selectively blocking the binding of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to its receptor in nerve cells. The nerve fibers of the parasympathetic system are responsible for the involuntary movement of smooth muscles present in the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, lungs, and many other parts of the body;[3] cholinergic process otherwise by enhancing ACh function.[3] In broad terms, anticholinergics are divided into two categories in accordance with their specific targets in the central, peripheral nervous system and neuromuscular junction:[3] antimuscarinic agents, and antinicotinic agents (ganglionic blockers, neuromuscular blockers).[4] In strict terms, anticholinergic only comprises ...
Fever. *Influenza-like illness. *Transient increase in transaminase. Uncommon (0.1-1% frequency). ...
Common side effects when given to babies include decreased breathing, fever, and low blood pressure.[1] When used for erectile ...
Abdominal pain, diarrhea mixed with blood, weight loss, fever, anemia[1]. Complications. Megacolon, inflammation of the eye, ... fever, and anemia may also occur.[1] Often, symptoms come on slowly and can range from mild to severe.[1] Symptoms typically ... as demonstrated by fever, tachycardia, anemia or an elevated ESR or CRP.[citation needed] ... and fever are also common during disease flares. The inflammation caused by the disease along with the chronic bleeding from ...
Information on Q Fever. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... Diagnosis and Management of Q Fever - United States, 2013 Recommendations from CDC and the Q Fever Working Group pdf icon[PDF ... Q fever is a disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. This bacteria naturally infects some animals, such as goats, ... Some people never get sick; however, those who do usually develop flu-like symptoms including fever, chills, fatigue, and ...
Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) definition, symptoms, risk and prevention, sources of infection, diagnosis, treatment, ... Valley fever, also called coccidioidomycosis, is an infection caused by the fungus Coccidioides. The fungus is known to live in ... Usually, people who get sick with Valley fever will get better on their own within weeks to months, but some people will need ... People can get Valley fever by breathing in the microscopic fungal spores from the air, although most people who breathe in the ...
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is an infection spread by ticks. Find out more about it - including how to prevent it. ... What Is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?. Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a bacterial infection. People get it from the ... Can Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Be Prevented?. To help protect kids from Rocky Mountain spotted fever, follow these outdoor ... What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?. RMSF gets its name from the trademark rash it causes. Small red ...
Get yellow fever vaccine if recommended or if required:. *Visit a yellow fever vaccination (travel) clinic and ask for a yellow ... What is yellow fever?. Yellow fever is a disease caused by a virus that is spread through mosquito bites. Symptoms take 3-6 ... Yellow Fever in Brazil. Where is yellow fever vaccine recommended in Brazil?. ... Travelers can protect themselves from yellow fever by getting yellow fever vaccine and preventing mosquito bites. ...
Fevers happen when the bodys internal thermostat raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the bodys way of ... When Is a Fever a Sign of Something Serious?. In healthy kids, not all fevers need to be treated. High fever, though, can make ... Fevers can be caused by a few things, including:. Infection: Most fevers are caused by infection or other illness. A fever ... Heres more about fevers, including when to contact your doctor.. What Is a Fever?. Fever happens when the bodys internal " ...
Yellow Fever. Mark D. Gershman, J. Erin Staples. INFECTIOUS AGENT. Yellow fever (YF) virus is a single-stranded RNA virus that ... 4) For a yellow fever (YF) vaccination, "Yellow Fever" should be written in both spaces. Should the ICVP be used for a required ... See Maps 4-13 and 4-14 and yellow fever vaccine recommendations (Yellow Fever & Malaria Information, by Country) for details. ... CDC expanded yellow fever vaccination recommendations for travelers to Brazil because of a large outbreak of yellow fever in ...
Q Fever (Coxiella burnetii) , 2009 Case Definition ( ... Q Fever (Coxiella burnetii) , 2008 Case Definition ( ... Q Fever (Coxiella burnetii) , 1999 Case Definition ( ... Q fever, acute( ...
Provided to YouTube by Sony Music Entertainment Fever · The McCoys Hang On Sloopy: The Best Of The McCoys ℗ Originally Released ... Fever · The McCoys. Hang On Sloopy: The Best Of The McCoys. ℗ Originally Released 1965 Sony Music Entertainment Inc.. Released ...
Lassa fever, also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF), is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus.[1] ... Lassa fever is endemic in West Africa. *^ Yun, N. E.; Walker, D. H. (2012). "Pathogenesis of Lassa Fever". Viruses. 4 (12): ... Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Consortium Lassa fever Archived 4 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Page accessed April 6, 2016 ... Clinically, Lassa fever infections are difficult to distinguish from other viral hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola and Marburg ...
"Philadelphia Fever". Retrieved 30 October 2010.. *^ "30th Anniversary of Professional Indoor Soccer". ... The Philadelphia Fever were an indoor soccer team based out of Philadelphia that played in the original Major Indoor Soccer ... They were sold to Jerry Buss in 1982 and moved to Los Angeles as the Lazers.[2] The four seasons in Philadelphia the Fever ... Retrieved from "" ...
The article comes up with some valuable natural treatments for treating a fever blister. ... Fever blisters can be effectively reduced by using home made remedies. ... Natural Treatments For Fever Blisters *Rub juice from the aloe plant on the affected area whenever you feel itching, tingling ... Fever Blisters are caused by herpes virus, which can reside in the body for years without the person being aware of it, till it ...
... is a girl who has been adopted and raised by Dr. Crumb. Soon enough, she must say good-bye, t ... All Fever knows is what shes been told: that she is an orphan. Is Fever a Scriven? Whose memories does she hold? Haunting, ... Fever Crumb is a girl who has been adopted and raised by Dr. Crumb, a member of the Order of Engineers, where she serves as ... Fever has also been singled out by city dwellers, who declare that she is part Scriven. The Scriveners, not human, ruled the ...
... taken from Fever Rays debut album Fever Ray directed by J... ... Mix - Fever Ray SevenYouTube. * Fever Ray - Triangle Walks - ... Fever Ray Keep The Streets Empty For Me - Duration: 5:37. Fever Ray 11,710,886 views ... Fever Ray When I Grow Up - Duration: 3:56. Fever Ray 16,562,055 views ... Fever Ray - Falling (Official Audio) - Duration: 5:04. Fever Ray 71,732 views ...
Lassa Fever. * Big pharma urged to develop treatments for global health 20 Nov 2018, 1:02pm. ... UK experts scrambled to fight Nigeria Lassa fever outbreak 27 Feb 2018, 2:31pm. ... First vaccine for Lassa fever ready within a year 20 Mar 2018, 3:51pm. ... Nigeria remains on high alert for Lassa fever 29 Mar 2018, 4:13pm. ...
Sea Fever? More like Sleep Fever... 23 April 2020 , by totalovrdose - See all my reviews ... Sea Fever (2019) 1h 35min , Drama, Horror, Mystery , 10 April 2020 (USA) ... Gerard: [on the corpse strewn boat] Sea Fever; One Of Them Gets It... Then spreads it around Siobhán: Doesnt explain his eyes ... Sea Fever aptly takes its name from the grueling paranoia and madness that can come from spending too much time at sea, and ...
English fever (uncountable) *(linguistics) Preoccupation or obsession with learning or promoting the learning of the English ... 2003 Stephen Krashen, "Dealing with English Fever," In: Selected Papers from the Twelfth International Symposium on English ... English fever = the overwhelming desire to (1) acquire English, (2) ensure that ones children acquire English, as a second or ... 2013 Eric Herman, "Treating English Fever in Honduras," Honduras Weekly, 9/26/13 Honduras is one of many countries to have ...
Frequent fevers and pain in the stomach and chest are signs of this genetic condition. ... Familial Mediterranean Fever Frequent fevers and pain in the stomach and chest are signs of this genetic condition. ... Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an inherited condition that causes repeated attacks of painful inflammation in the ...
Find out about scarlet fever, including the symptoms, what to do if you or your child has it, how its treated, how long it ... Scarlet fever Scarlet fever is a contagious infection that mostly affects young children. Its easily treated with antibiotics. ... Is scarlet fever dangerous?. In the past, scarlet fever was a serious illness, but antibiotics mean its now less common and ... Treating scarlet fever. Your GP will prescribe antibiotics. These dont cure scarlet fever, but they will help you get better ...
The soaring sales of Night Fever tickets suggest a full house. Make your purchase as soon as possible and enjoy our affordable ... Night Fever Tickets. Night Fever Tickets. Some people like to enjoy their music in a big crowd, amidst loud noise, screams and ... Night Fever Ticket Prices. The average price for Night Fever Tickets start from $42. The minimum get in price is $42 for Night ... Saturday Night Fever: The New York Bee Gees, The Trammps & Bill Jolly. Keswick Theatre. Glenside, PA. Fri Apr 03 202008:00 PM ...
... characterized by high fever, muscle aches, mouth ulcers, and bleeding in the skin. The disease was first recognized in Lassa, ... Lassa fever. Lassa fever lăs´ə [key], a severe viral disease occurring mostly in W Africa, characterized by high fever, muscle ... The incubation period of Lassa fever is 3 to 17 days. Following fever and general malaise, later stages of the disease may ... See also hemorrhagic fever . The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All ...
Scarlet fever is a dermatological complication of streptococcal pharyngitis and GAS skin infections. This chapter seeks to ... Scarlet fever Pharyngitis Strep throat Maculopapular rash Group A Streptococcus This is a preview of subscription content, log ... "Scarlet Fever: a group A Streptococcal infection". Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 19 Jan 2016.Google Scholar ... Changing epidemiology of acute rheumatic fever in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;42(4):448-50.CrossRefPubMedGoogle ...
NPR coverage of The Fever: How Malaria Has Ruled Humankind for 500,000 Years by Sonia Shah. News, author interviews, critics ... The Fever NPR coverage of The Fever: How Malaria Has Ruled Humankind for 500,000 Years by Sonia Shah. News, author interviews, ... Malarias Fever: A Global Scourge For 500,000 Years. July 12, 2010 Sonia Shahs The Fever is a compelling account of a ... Malaria: The 500,000-Year-Old Fever That Wont Die. Listen · 20:23 20:23 ...
... * TV Saturday Night Live: Adam Sandler, Chris Rock, Pete Davidson Sing I Got Fired by NBC 4 months ... Robert Stigwood, Grease & Saturday Night Fever Producer, Dies at 81 4 years ago ...
Management of the infant/child/adolescent with a fever, varies based on the age of the pt.• Common/arbitrary age divisions:• 0- ... Acute Rheumatic Fever.• Strept scarlet fever; SLE; Staph scarlet fever• RMSF; Tick typhus; Staph Scalded Skin syndrome.• ... 2. FEVER DEFINED/ ROSENS• "Fever is defined as any elevation in body temperature equal to or above 38.0 C (100.4 F)." p 2094 ... Rosens pediatric fever * 1. MANAGEMENT IS AGE DEPENDANT• Management of the infant/child/adolescent with a fever, varies based ...
Saturday Night Fever (1977) R , 1h 58min , Drama, Music , 16 December 1977 (USA) ... The word "Fever" is blinking. See more » Alternate Versions. The scene in the car that has Tonys friends talking about the ... As a result, many people might never recognize Saturday Night Fever as perhaps one of the best movies ever made about class ... Its five years later and Tony Maneros Saturday Night Fever is still burning. Now hes strutting toward his biggest challenge ...
Yellow fever in Sudan. 21 November 2005 The Federal Ministry of Health reported to WHO an outbreak of yellow fever in the South ... The request has been reviewed and accepted by the International Coordinating Group and 1.7 million doses of yellow fever ... Emergency response to yellow fever outbreak in Sudan. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean ... 13 were confirmed positive for yellow fever by PCR tests. ... Yellow fever. Department of Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and ...
Senegal notified WHO of a case of Rift Valley fever, a 52-year-old Korean man who was a resident of Gambia. The case was ... Heavy rainfall, causing flooding and mass emergence of Rift Valley fever vectors is closely associated with Rift Valley fever ... Rift Valley fever is a mosquito-borne viral zoonosis that primarily affects animals but also has the capacity to infect humans ... Rift Valley fever outbreaks are uncommon in Gambia and its neighbouring countries. The most recent human case reported in the ...
Even when you consider the cultural cross-pollination that goes on in large metropolitan areas, L.A.s Dengue Fever had perhaps ... About Dengue Fever. Even when you consider the cultural cross-pollination that goes on in large metropolitan areas, L.A.s ... Dengue Fever made their live debut in 2002, with the charismatic Nimol in full traditional Cambodian garb, and soon won a ... Dengue Fever counted among their fans actor Matt Dillon, who included their Khmer-language cover of Joni Mitchells Both Sides ...
The Ministry of Health of Ethiopia is launching an emergency mass-vaccination campaign against yellow fever from 10 June 2013. ... Yellow fever in Ethiopia. 31 May 2013 - The Ministry of Health of Ethiopia is launching an emergency mass-vaccination campaign ... 1 The YF-ICG is a partnership that manages the stockpile of yellow fever vaccines for emergency response on the basis of a ... The index case was a 39-year-old man who presented with fever and jaundice and haemorrhagic signs in January 2013. He was ...
... infectious disease characterized by recurring episodes of fever separated by periods of relative well-being and caused by ... Relapsing fever, infectious disease characterized by recurring episodes of fever separated by periods of relative well-being ... Relapsing fever, an important bacterial disease throughout the world, is transmitted to humans by certain species of soft ticks ... After the spirochete has lived about one week in its newly infected host, the person experiences a sudden onset of high fever, ...
  • The rash most often appears 3-5 days after the fever and headache start, but can take longer. (
  • On 10 December, while being in Bissau (the capital of Guinea Bissau) the case developed symptoms, including a dry cough, fever, headache and joint pain. (
  • After returning to Banjul, the case also developed fever, headache and vertigo. (
  • After the spirochete has lived about one week in its newly infected host, the person experiences a sudden onset of high fever, chills, headache, and muscle aches. (
  • Other symptoms of typhoid fever include constipation (at first), extreme fatigue, headache, joint pain, and a rash across the abdomen known as rose spots. (
  • Usually it starts with a sudden high fever with muscle pain and severe headache symptoms similar to influenza. (
  • Also known as dengue fever , an acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with headache , fever , prostration, severe joint and muscle pain , swollen glands ( lymphadenopathy ) and rash . (
  • The presence (the "dengue triad") of fever , rash , and headache (and other pains) is particularly characteristic. (
  • You should also call a doctor if your child has recently been to a region that has dengue fever and has a fever or severe headache. (
  • Scarlet fever generally starts off with a sore throat , headache , and fever of 101 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. (
  • Fever, chills, cough, and muscle aches can start within a month or two of infection. (
  • Chills without fever is common during winter but can also be due to food poisoning, gallstones and underlying conditions such as thyroid problems and acute bronchitis. (
  • Chills and fever are the body's mechanisms to maintain its temperature at an optimum level. (
  • Lassa fever lăs´ə [ key ] , a severe viral disease occurring mostly in W Africa, characterized by high fever, muscle aches, mouth ulcers, and bleeding in the skin. (
  • Valley fever, also called coccidioidomycosis, is an infection caused by the fungus Coccidioides . (
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a bacterial infection. (
  • Glandular fever is an infection caused by the Epstein Barr virus (EBV). (
  • Scarlet fever is a contagious infection that mostly affects young children. (
  • Awareness of the risk factors of Rift Valley fever infection and measures to prevent mosquito bites is the only way to reduce human infection and deaths. (
  • Fever is an important part of the body's defense against infection. (
  • Brain damage from a fever generally will not occur unless the fever is over 107.6°F (42°C). Untreated fevers caused by infection will seldom go over 105°F (40.6°C) unless the child is overdressed or in a hot place. (
  • A simple cold or other viral infection can sometimes cause a high fever (102°F to 104°F or 38.9°C to 40°C). This does not mean you or your child has a serious problem. (
  • Aug 02, 2020 · The response to fever medicines tells us nothing about the cause of the infection. (
  • Fever -reducing medicine brings down body temperature temporarily, but it doesn't affect the bug that's causing the infection. (
  • So your child may run a fever until his body is clear of the infection. (
  • Rheumatic fever (RF) is an illness that occurs as a complication of untreated or inadequately treated strep throat infection. (
  • Though the exact cause of rheumatic fever is unknown, the disease usually follows the contraction of a throat infection caused by a member of the Group A streptococcus (strep) bacteria (called strep throat). (
  • However, when a throat infection occurs without symptoms, or when a patient neglects to take the prescribed medication for the full 10-day course of treatment, there is up to an estimated 3% chance that he or she will develop rheumatic fever. (
  • Two different theories exist as to how a bacterial throat infection can result in rheumatic fever. (
  • Instead, persistently high fever is the hallmark of S. typhi infection. (
  • All workplaces at risk of Q fever infection should offer vaccination to employees and contractors. (
  • Yellow fever is a potentially fatal viral infection, transmitted by mosquitoes in tropical regions. (
  • Yellow fever is a potentially fatal viral infection that's transmitted by mosquitoes in tropical regions. (
  • The incubation period from infection to developing yellow fever is 3 to 16 days. (
  • HANDEWITT and HAMBURG, Germany , May 20, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- With its Fever Detection Camera, DERMALOG has developed a solution that measures body temperatures fast and accurately when walking by and can significantly reduce the risk of infection spreading in many areas. (
  • The ministry's latest SARS-CoV-2 Occupational Health and Safety Standard states: 'Notable symptoms of infection with coronavirus include fever, coughing and shortness of breath. (
  • Typhoid fever is a serious and sometimes life-threatening infection. (
  • Typhoid fever , also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to a specific type of Salmonella that causes symptoms. (
  • Glandular fever is a type of viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. (
  • If your child has scarlet fever, he probably caught the strep infection from another child - from breathing infected droplets, sharing a cup or utensil, or touching something that the infected child handled, like a towel or a toy. (
  • If your child's doctor suspects scarlet fever or another type of strep infection, she'll perform a throat culture to confirm the diagnosis. (
  • Left untreated, a strep infection can have serious complications, including throat abscesses or (rarely) rheumatic fever, which can cause long-term heart problems. (
  • A fever is the body's way of preparing itself to combat an infection. (
  • Generally, a mild fever does not require treatment as it manages to kill the infection. (
  • Valley fever is a type of fungal infection that usually affects the lungs and respiratory tract of an individual. (
  • A low-grade fever is the body's response to fighting off an infection. (
  • The typhoid vaccine can provide protection against typhoid fever, which is a bacterial infection. (
  • The probable causes of low-grade fever are many, of which some include allergies, bacterial infection, viral. (
  • GPs can often diagnose scarlet fever by looking at the tongue and rash. (
  • Drug fever (with or without rash) is a diagnosis of exclusion, often requiring a trial of stopping the drug. (
  • Rash usually develops 2-4 days after fever begins. (
  • Scarlet fever is basically strep throat with an accompanying rash. (
  • Call for an immediate appointment if your child has a sore throat and a rash or any other symptoms of scarlet fever or strep throat (fever, swollen glands, or a white coating on the tonsils or the back of the throat). (
  • Is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Contagious? (
  • The illness has now incubated for more than a year, and Mitchell Thomas' delivery of the unyielding monologue The Fever Saturday night was contagious. (
  • Lassa fever is not as contagious from person to person as other hemorrhagic fevers , such as that caused by the Ebola virus . (
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and economically significant viral disease of pigs. (
  • It seems that swamp fever is very contagious. (
  • Is scarlet fever contagious? (
  • [1] Other conditions that may present similarly include Ebola , malaria , typhoid fever , and yellow fever . (
  • This carrier state occurs in about 3% of all individuals recovered from typhoid fever . (
  • Typhoid fever is passed from person to person through poor hygiene, such as incomplete or no hand washing after using the toilet. (
  • Typhoid fever is a particularly difficult problem in parts of the world with poor sanitation practices. (
  • In the United States , most patients who contract typhoid fever have recently returned from travel to another country where typhoid is much more common, including Mexico, Peru , Chile , India , and Pakistan . (
  • This period of time, during which the bacteria are multiplying within the phagocytes, is the 10 to 14-day incubation period of typhoid fever. (
  • Peritonitis is a frequent cause of death from typhoid fever. (
  • Until 1906, when George A. Soper began to study an outbreak of typhoid fever in Long Island , little was known about Mallon. (
  • Soper was called to identify possible causes of an eruption of typhoid fever at a summer house in Oyster Bay. (
  • What Is Typhoid Fever? (
  • Typhoid fever is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi ( S. typhi), which are related to the salmonella bacteria that cause food poisoning . (
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Typhoid Fever? (
  • Typhoid fever can come on suddenly or very gradually over a few weeks. (
  • Without treatment, typhoid fever may last a month or more and become very serious, even life-threatening. (
  • After recovering from typhoid fever, some people become carriers of the bacteria. (
  • Who Gets Typhoid Fever? (
  • But if you plan to travel to a foreign country (especially South-central and Southeast Asia, Africa, Latin America, or the Caribbean), it's a good idea to talk to your doctor about prevention and treatment of typhoid fever. (
  • People usually get typhoid fever by drinking beverages or eating food that has been handled by someone who has typhoid fever or is a carrier of the illness. (
  • How Is Typhoid Fever Diagnosed? (
  • Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that kill the bacteria. (
  • Kids with typhoid fever should stay home until the disease has run its course and a doctor makes sure that the bacteria are gone. (
  • Can Typhoid Fever Be Prevented? (
  • If your child is traveling to an area where typhoid fever is common, you'll need to ask your doctor for the vaccine. (
  • Seasonal allergies , sometimes called "hay fever" or seasonal allergic rhinitis, are allergy symptoms that happen during certain times of the year, usually when outdoor molds release their spores, and trees, grasses, and weeds release tiny pollen particles into the air to fertilize other plants. (
  • With the Australian spring comes seasonal allergic rhinitis, or hay fever. (
  • Hay fever , medically known as seasonal allergic rhinitis , is caused by allergies (usually) to plant pollen. (
  • Where is yellow fever vaccine recommended in Brazil? (
  • You should receive a yellow card called the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) to prove that you have had yellow fever vaccine. (
  • Travelers can protect themselves from yellow fever by getting yellow fever vaccine and preventing mosquito bites. (
  • Visit a yellow fever vaccination (travel) clinic and ask for a yellow fever vaccine. (
  • See Yellow Fever Vaccine Booster Doses for more information. (
  • a vaccine requirement is the country's attempt to keep travelers from bringing the yellow fever virus into the country. (
  • In rare cases, the yellow fever vaccine can have serious and sometimes fatal side effects. (
  • There is no cure or vaccine for a fever blister, but there are many effective home remedies that can lessen their severity and frequency. (
  • The request has been reviewed and accepted by the International Coordinating Group and 1.7 million doses of yellow fever vaccine will be arriving in Sudan next week. (
  • The International Coordinating Group on Yellow Fever Vaccine Provision (YF-ICG1 1 ) will provide over 585,800 doses of yellow fever vaccine for the mass vaccination campaign run by the Ministry of Health in Ethiopia, with support from the GAVI Alliance and other partners. (
  • Therefore, the vaccine has to be administered by clinics registered as Yellow Fever Centres . (
  • There's no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. (
  • Flat Track Fever 2019 is looking for 3 WFTDA teams ranking in the top 60 who will get 3 sanctioned games each and 1 WFTDA team ranking between 150 and 300 which will get two sanctioned and one regulation game. (
  • Flat Track Fever takes place May 10-12, 2019 in Calgary, Alberta at the Acadia Recreation Complex (The ARC). (
  • Clinically, Lassa fever infections are difficult to distinguish from other viral hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola and Marburg virus disease , and from more common febrile illnesses such as malaria. (
  • Lassa fever , also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever ( LHF ), is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus . (
  • See also hemorrhagic fever . (
  • Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever . (
  • Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. (
  • In rare cases, dengue fever can lead to a more serious form of the disease called dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). (
  • By September, both young women were dead, having fallen victim on the same day to the very hemorrhagic fever they'd fled the city to escape. (
  • Pharyngitis: management in an era of declining rheumatic fever. (
  • Logan LK, McAuley JB, Shulman ST. Macrolide treatment failure in streptococcal pharyngitis resulting in acute rheumatic fever. (
  • Lee GM, Wessels MR. Changing epidemiology of acute rheumatic fever in the United States. (
  • Rheumatic fever causes inflammation of tissues and organs and can result in serious damage to the heart valves, joints, central nervous system and skin. (
  • Rheumatic fever is rare in the United States , though there were outbreaks in both New York City and in Utah in the 1990s. (
  • Rheumatic fever may occur in people of any age, but is most common in children between the ages of five and 15. (
  • In 2002, a report announced that scientists had mapped the genome (genetic material) of an A streptococcus bacterium responsible for acute rheumatic fever. (
  • It is interesting to note that members of certain families seem to have a greater tendency to develop rheumatic fever than do others. (
  • A number of skin changes are common in rheumatic fever patients. (
  • The incubation period of Lassa fever is 3 to 17 days. (
  • Q fever has an incubation period of one to four weeks in other words, it can take up to four weeks between exposure and the first symptoms. (
  • In the past, scarlet fever was a serious illness, but antibiotics mean it's now less common and easier to treat. (
  • The antibiotics used for scarlet fever are usually safe to take during pregnancy. (
  • One difficulty is that if antibiotics are the cause, the illness being treated may also cause fever . (
  • Fortunately Q fever responds rapidly to treatment with antibiotics such as tetracycline or erythromycin. (
  • If your child has been diagnosed with scarlet fever, call the doctor if he still has a fever or other symptoms 48 hours after starting antibiotics. (
  • Dengue Fever made their live debut in 2002, with the charismatic Nimol in full traditional Cambodian garb, and soon won a following among Hollywood hipsters, not to mention L.A. Weekly's Best New Band award that year. (
  • It's difficult to prevent exposure to Coccidioides in areas where it's common in the environment, but people who are at higher risk for severe Valley fever should try to avoid breathing in large amounts of dust if they're in these areas. (
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is a severe infectious disease, caused by a virus called a 'flavivirus. (
  • Dengue fever used to be called "breakbone fever," which might give you an idea of the severe bone and muscle pain it sometimes can cause. (
  • If someone has severe symptoms of the disease, or if symptoms get worse in the first day or two after the fever goes away, seek immediate medical care. (
  • To treat severe cases of dengue fever at a hospital, doctors will give intravenous (IV) fluids and electrolytes (salts) to replace those lost through vomiting or diarrhea . (
  • Mild to severe delirium (which can also cause hallucinations) may also present itself during high fevers. (
  • Even when you consider the cultural cross-pollination that goes on in large metropolitan areas, L.A.'s Dengue Fever had perhaps the strangest genesis of any band in recent memory. (
  • Formed in L.A.'s hipster-friendly Silver Lake area in 2001, Dengue Fever traced their roots to organist Ethan Holtzman's 1997 trip to Cambodia with a friend. (
  • In addition to Ethan Holtzman on Farfisa and Optigan, and Zac on vocals and guitar, the charter membership of Dengue Fever included bassist Senon Williams (also of slowcore outfit the Radar Brothers), drummer Paul Smith, and saxophonist David Ralicke (Beck, Ozomatli, Brazzaville). (
  • Dengue Fever counted among their fans actor Matt Dillon, who included their Khmer-language cover of Joni Mitchell's 'Both Sides Now' on the soundtrack of his 2003 directorial debut, City of Ghosts. (
  • In the meantime, Dengue Fever released their self-titled debut album on Web of Mimicry, a label run by Mr. Bungle guitarist Trey Spruance. (
  • In 2007, Dengue Fever not only released Escape from Dragon House, but also starred in the documentary Sleeping Through the Mekong, which saw them performing their music in Cambodia for the first time. (
  • Slaves in the West Indies who contracted dengue were said to have "dandy fever" because of their postures and gait. (
  • Yellow fever virus belongs to the Flaviviridae family, other members of which cause dengue fever and Japanese encephalitis . (
  • The virus is transmitted among humans by a couple of species of mosquito, including Aedes egyptii, which can also transmit dengue fever. (
  • What Is Dengue Fever? (
  • Dengue (DEN-gee) fever is a tropical disease caused by a virus carried by mosquitoes. (
  • Most cases of dengue fever are mild and go away on their own after about a week. (
  • Dengue fever rarely strikes in the United States - the last reported outbreak was in Texas in 2005. (
  • But if you plan to travel to a foreign country, especially one in the tropics, it's wise to guard against dengue fever. (
  • Dengue fever is caused by four similar viruses spread by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes , which are common in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. (
  • If this mosquito bites someone else, that person can be infected with dengue fever. (
  • Symptoms of dengue fever are generally mild in younger children and those who have the disease for the first time. (
  • How Long Does Dengue Fever Last? (
  • How Is Dengue Fever Diagnosed? (
  • If you think your child might have dengue fever, call a doctor right away. (
  • How Is Dengue Fever Treated? (
  • No specific treatment is available for dengue fever. (
  • Pain relievers with acetaminophen can ease the headaches and pain associated with dengue fever. (
  • Most cases of dengue fever go away within a week or two and won't cause any lasting problems. (
  • Can Dengue Fever Be Prevented? (
  • So what is dengue fever? (
  • Dengue fever is an illness caused by the dengue virus which is spread by the Aedes mosquito. (
  • How do you know if you have dengue fever? (
  • Q fever is a disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii . (
  • Relapsing fever , infectious disease characterized by recurring episodes of fever separated by periods of relative well-being and caused by spirochetes , or spiral-shaped bacteria , of the genus Borrelia . (
  • Most bacteria and viruses that cause infections in people thrive best at 98.6°F (37°C). Many infants and children develop high fevers with mild viral illnesses. (
  • The presence of increasingly large numbers of bacteria in the bloodstream ( bacteremia ) is responsible for an increasingly high fever, which lasts throughout the four to eight weeks of the disease in untreated individuals. (
  • RMSF is one of several diseases caused by a group of bacteria in the spotted fever family. (
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever bacteria (Rickettsia rickettsii) inside cells. (
  • The disease usually causes a high fever, a stomachache, and achiness a week or two after exposure to the bacteria (but sometimes later). (
  • On 3 January 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH), Senegal notified WHO of a case of Rift Valley fever, a 52-year-old Korean man who was a resident of Gambia. (
  • While fever evolved as a defense mechanism, treating fever does not appear to worsen outcomes. (
  • Q fever is a highly infectious disease that is carried by animals and passed to humans. (
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever, an acute infectious disease affecting humans, monkeys, and several other small mammals, is found in tropical and subtropical zones in Africa and South America. (
  • This is called fever phobia. (
  • Fever is often viewed with greater concern by parents and healthcare professionals than is usually deserved, a phenomenon known as fever phobia. (
  • About 15% of people who get yellow fever develop serious illness that can lead to bleeding, shock, organ failure, and sometimes death. (
  • Fever is the temporary increase in the body's temperature in response to a disease or illness. (
  • Query fever' usually shortened to 'Q fever', was named by Dr John Derrick, who described an outbreak of a febrile illness that occurred among abattoir workers in 1935. (
  • Fevers do not typically go higher than 41 to 42 °C (105.8 to 107.6 °F). A fever can be caused by many medical conditions ranging from non-serious to life-threatening. (
  • Night Fever tickets and other concert tickets are now available and that too at affordable rates. (
  • At our site, we keep our costs low so we are able to offer the lowest prices on tickets for the most sought after events, events such as Night Fever. (
  • The average price for Night Fever Tickets start from $42. (
  • The minimum get in price is $42 for Night Fever Tickets at the UTEP Union Dinner Theatre, El Paso. (
  • Saturday Night Fever makes good moviemaking seem easy. (
  • Not many movies are genuine cultural phenomena, and John Badham's Saturday Night Fever is without doubt one of the most memorable. (
  • Saturday Night Fever assaults you with a flagrantly foul-mouthed script and coarse viewpoint. (
  • Saturday Night Fever is wonderfully honest and completely accurate when it comes to depicting that stagnant environment that keeps young people like Tony pinned down. (
  • 6 days ago · 'Stayin' Alive', 'Night Fever' och balladen 'How Deep Is Your Love' var alla mycket stora hitar. (
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) help reduce fever in children and adults. (
  • Acetaminophen can help reduce fever and make your child feel more comfortable. (
  • Give her acetaminophen or (if she's 6 months or older) ibuprofen to relieve discomfort and reduce fever. (
  • Treatment to reduce fever is generally not required. (
  • [1] When symptoms occur they typically include fever , weakness, headaches, vomiting , and muscle pains . (
  • Nonspecific symptoms include fever , facial swelling, and muscle fatigue, as well as conjunctivitis and mucosal bleeding. (
  • Glandular fever is spread from person-to-person through contact with saliva. (
  • Most patients with glandular fever recover uneventfully. (
  • Learn about glandular fever symptoms and treatments. (
  • The Federal Ministry of Health reported to WHO an outbreak of yellow fever in the South Kordofan State. (
  • On 16 August 2000, the Ministry of Health (MOH), Liberia confirmed an outbreak of yellow fever (YF) in Grand Cape Mount County Liberia.To date, the authorities have detected 29 cases meeting the case definition, including 3 deaths, originating from 2 districts in the county. (
  • Fever typically lasts 2-7 days and can be biphasic. (
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever? (
  • Frequent fevers and pain in the stomach and chest are signs of this genetic condition. (
  • The first signs of scarlet fever can be flu-like symptoms, including a high temperature of 38C or above and swollen neck glands (large lump on the side of your neck). (
  • The index case was a 39-year-old man who presented with fever and jaundice and haemorrhagic signs in January 2013. (
  • Cats exhibiting signs of a fever for more than 24 hours or a fever above 106º F at any point need to see their veterinarian. (
  • Signs and symptoms of Lassa fever begin from 6 days to 3 weeks after exposure. (
  • The range of clinical signs and its clinical similarity to other diseases can make classical swine fever challenging to diagnose. (
  • Signs of CSF vary with the strain of classical swine fever virus and the age and susceptibility of the pigs. (
  • Fever is one of the most common medical signs. (
  • If the fever is mild and you have no other problems, you do not need treatment. (
  • A mild fever is not a major cause of concern, unless it affects babies under the age of 3 months. (
  • A mild fever can be easily treated by following simple home remedies. (
  • Allergic rhinitis is commonly known as hay fever. (
  • Hay fever , also called allergic rhinitis , seasonally recurrent bouts of sneezing, nasal congestion, and tearing and itching of the eyes caused by allergy to the pollen of certain plants, chiefly those depending upon the wind for cross-fertilization, such as ragweed in North America and timothy grass in Great Britain. (
  • Hay fever , like other allergic diseases, shows a familial tendency and may be associated with other allergic disorders, such as dermatitis or asthma . (
  • Scarlet fever lasts for around a week. (
  • Although it's possible to get strep throat multiple times, it's unusual to get scarlet fever more than once. (
  • In total, yellow fever occurs in 32 countries and more than 600 million people are at risk of catching the disease. (
  • Consequently, the countries of Asia have strict quarantine regulations that apply if you arrive without a valid vaccination certificate travelling from areas in Africa and Latin America, where yellow fever occurs. (
  • Fever occurs when a part of the brain called the hypothalamus shifts the set point of your normal body temperature upward. (
  • Yellow fever is a disease caused by a virus that is spread through mosquito bites. (
  • Following fever and general malaise, later stages of the disease may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and petechiae, tiny purplish spots in the skin caused by leakage of blood from the capillaries. (
  • July 12, 2010 Sonia Shah's The Fever is a compelling account of a disease that remains out of sight - and out of mind - for most Americans, even as it slowly tightens its grip on other parts of the world. (
  • Some people are exposed to Q fever and don't develop the disease (about half who are infected by it), and these people get immunity to it as well. (
  • People with chronic heart disease from Q fever usually need surgery to replace their damaged heart valves. (
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is the name given to a disease that is caused by the yellow fever virus. (
  • A classic feature of yellow fever is hepatitis , which is the reason for the yellow colouring of the skin ( jaundice ) and the name of the disease. (
  • These substances are the cause of the normal disease symptoms, such as muscular pain and fever, that are also observed in influenza. (
  • Although classical swine fever was once widespread, many countries have eradicated this disease from domesticated swine. (
  • Classical swine fever should be reported immediately upon diagnosis or suspicion of the disease. (
  • Public health officials in Paraguay have confirmed that yellow fever has reappeared after 34 years and that steps are being taken to avoid the spread of the disease. (
  • Yellow fever was last seen in Paraguay in 1974 after Brazilian immigrants suffering from the disease entered the country. (
  • Yellow fever is an uncommon disease in the modern United States, but in the 18th and 19th centuries, American cities like New Orleans, New York, and Philadelphia saw frequent outbreaks. (
  • Typhus fever is a well-known epidemic prone disease. (
  • The spirit of camphor can also be applied to the sore, for getting rid of the fever blisters. (
  • Public Health England records the number of scarlet fever infections each year . (
  • Scarlet fever is a dermatological complication of streptococcal pharyngitis and GAS skin infections. (
  • Some serious infections don't cause a fever or can cause a very low body temperature, most often in infants. (
  • It's normal for fevers with most viral infections to last for 2 or 3 days. (
  • Read more about how our body's immune system fights infections and how you can bring down a very high fever, in our articles below. (
  • The symptoms are the same for children and adults, although scarlet fever is much rarer in adults. (
  • Scarlet fever is very infectious. (
  • These don't cure scarlet fever, but they will help you get better quicker. (
  • Is scarlet fever dangerous? (
  • Cases of scarlet fever have increased in recent years. (
  • There's no evidence to suggest that getting scarlet fever during pregnancy will harm your baby. (
  • Scarlet fever is very infectious and can easily spread to other people. (
  • This chapter will also discuss some of the common mimics of scarlet fever. (
  • The goal of this chapter is to give an understanding the urgencies and emergencies of scarlet fever, and its management, for the health-care professional. (
  • Scarlet fever (once called scarlatina) used to be one of the most serious and deadly diseases of childhood. (
  • Most often scarlet fever shows up in children 5 to 15 years of age, and it's very uncommon for children under age 2 to get it. (
  • This is the official mobile app of the Indiana Fever. (
  • Indiana Fever players and coaches pose with the WNBA championship trophy for a team photo during their victory celebration Tuesday in Indianapolis. (
  • Indiana Fever head coach Lin Dunn, addressing the fans during the team's victory celebration, won her first championship at the professional or collegiate level after more than 40 years in coaching. (
  • The entire Indiana Fever organization poses for a group photo in front of Bankers Life Fieldhouse in Indianapolis prior to the team's WNBA championship celebration Tuesday. (
  • The reverse of the miniature depicts a somber memorial scene showing Eliza's initials together with those of her best friend Lucy Breck, who also died of the yellow fever outbreak. (
  • Go Fever were nominated as Best New Band in the 2017 Austin Music Awards (results pending) and made almost every local Best Of '17 list. (
  • You Have A Fever And A Dry Cough. (
  • Apart from common cold, cough and fever can be symptoms of many other conditions like bronchitis, croup, etc. (
  • The first symptom of a cancer may be a fever. (
  • Recurring fever is a symptom that is seen in many diseases. (
  • Fever is defined as any elevation in body temperature equal to or above 38.0 C (100.4 F)." p 2094 THIS IS A RECTAL TEMP! (
  • When the body temperature of an individual rises above the normal range of 97.7 to 99.5 °F, he is said to have a fever. (
  • When the body temperature is above 99 degrees F, but below 103 degrees F, it is considered as low-grade fever in adults. (
  • Mar 04, 2016 · Vets even use an acronym for this: FUO ( Fever of Unknown Origin). (
  • In 2016, Acey assembled a group comprised of members of her favorite Austin bands - Jim Campo (keys), Benjamin Burdick (bass), Keith Lough (guitar) and Josh Merry (drums) - to form Go Fever. (
  • [1] [4] Lassa fever is relatively common in West Africa including the countries of Nigeria , Liberia , Sierra Leone , Guinea , and Ghana . (
  • Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever. (
  • Rift Valley fever can cause trade reductions and significant economic losses due to high mortality and abortion rates among infected ruminants. (
  • Nick Hornby is the bestselling author of eight novels, including High Fidelity and About a Boy, and several works of non-fiction including his ground-breaking debut, Fever Pitch. (
  • High fever, huddling, constipation followed by diarrhea and reddened eyes are often seen. (
  • The Classical Swine Fever (CSF) Surveillance Program is designed to enhance surveillance for the rapid detection of CSF virus introduced into U.S. swine by testing targeted swine populations in high risk states. (
  • Yellow fever symptoms include muscle pain, vomiting, a high fever and headaches. (
  • High fever in adults, soaring above 104 degrees F, is something that cannot be neglected. (
  • A diagnosis of relapsing fever can be made by specific serological tests or by identification of the loosely coiled organism in the patient's blood. (
  • The diagnosis of Q fever is made by taking a blood test. (
  • Rift Valley fever is a mosquito-borne viral zoonosis that primarily affects animals but also has the capacity to infect humans. (
  • An adult probably has a fever when the temperature is above 99°F to 99.5°F (37.2°C to 37.5°C), depending on the time of day. (
  • Therefore, infant fever temperature chart given in this article will help to understand when there is a need for medical attention in order to. (
  • Fever, also referred to as pyrexia, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set point. (
  • Fever is generally agreed to be present if the elevated temperature is caused by a raised set point and: Temperature in the anus (rectum/rectal) is at or over 37.5-38.3 °C (99.5-100.9 °F) An ear (tympanic) or forehead (temporal) temperature may also be used. (
  • Normal daily temperature variation has been described as 0.5 °C (0.9 °F). A raised temperature is not always a fever. (
  • For example, the temperature rises in healthy people when they exercise, but this is not considered a fever, as the set point is normal. (
  • for example, medically frail elderly people have a decreased ability to generate body heat, so a "normal" temperature of 37.3 °C (99.1 °F) may represent a clinically significant fever. (