Fetal Organ Maturity: Functional competence of specific organs or body systems of the FETUS in utero.Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Maternal-Fetal Exchange: Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.Fetal Hypoxia: Deficient oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Fetal Diseases: Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Autopsy: Postmortem examination of the body.Embryonic and Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Campylobacter fetus: A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Tritrichomonas foetus: A species of flagellate parasitic EUKARYOTE. It possesses a long undulating membrane that is bordered on its outer margin by a flagellum that becomes free posteriorly. This organism causes infections in cows that could lead to temporary infertility or abortion.Immune System: The body's defense mechanism against foreign organisms or substances and deviant native cells. It includes the humoral immune response and the cell-mediated response and consists of a complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components.Autoimmunity: Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body's own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Antibody Affinity: A measure of the binding strength between antibody and a simple hapten or antigen determinant. It depends on the closeness of stereochemical fit between antibody combining sites and antigen determinants, on the size of the area of contact between them, and on the distribution of charged and hydrophobic groups. It includes the concept of "avidity," which refers to the strength of the antigen-antibody bond after formation of reversible complexes.Mammals: Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.Placentation: The development of the PLACENTA, a highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and FETUS. The process begins at FERTILIZATION, through the development of CYTOTROPHOBLASTS and SYNCYTIOTROPHOBLASTS, the formation of CHORIONIC VILLI, to the progressive increase in BLOOD VESSELS to support the growing fetus.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Dictionaries, MedicalFallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Fallopian Tube Neoplasms: Benign or malignant neoplasms of the FALLOPIAN TUBES. They are uncommon. If they develop, they may be located in the wall or within the lumen as a growth attached to the wall by a stalk.Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult: A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn: A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Pulmonary Surfactants: Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Acute Lung Injury: A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).Consensus Development Conferences, NIH as Topic: Articles on conferences sponsored by NIH presenting summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus on a subject of interest. This heading is used for NIH consensus conferences as a means of scientific communication. In indexing it is viewed as a type of review article and as a tag for any article appearing in any publication of the NIH Office of Medical Applications of Research (OMAR).Betamethasone: A glucocorticoid given orally, parenterally, by local injection, by inhalation, or applied topically in the management of various disorders in which corticosteroids are indicated. Its lack of mineralocorticoid properties makes betamethasone particularly suitable for treating cerebral edema and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p724)Consensus Development ConferenceConsensus Development Conference, NIHNeonatology: A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.Consensus Development Conferences as Topic: Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.Adrenal Cortex HormonesHigh-Energy Shock Waves: High-amplitude compression waves, across which density, pressure, and particle velocity change drastically. The mechanical force from these shock waves can be used for mechanically disrupting tissues and deposits.Lasers, Solid-State: Lasers which use a solid, as opposed to a liquid or gas, as the lasing medium. Common materials used are crystals, such as YAG (YTTRIUM aluminum garnet); alexandrite; and CORUNDUM, doped with a rare earth element such as a NEODYMIUM; ERBIUM; or HOLMIUM. The output is sometimes additionally modified by addition of non-linear optical materials such as potassium titanyl phosphate crystal, which for example is used with neodymium YAG lasers to convert the output light to the visible range.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Posterior Capsulotomy: Procedures performed to remove CAPSULE OPACIFICATION that develops on the POSTERIOR CAPSULE OF THE LENS following removal of a primary CATARACT.Blast Injuries: Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Electric Capacitance: The ability of a substrate to retain an electrical charge.Armadillos: Burrowing, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the family Dasypodidae having bodies and heads encased in small bony plates. They are widely distributed in the warmer parts of the Americas.Xenarthra: An order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines from among their teeth, and comprising the ARMADILLOS, the SLOTHS, and the anteaters. The order is distinguished from all others by what are known as xenarthrous vertebrae (xenos, strange; arthron, joint): there are secondary, and sometimes even more, articulations between the vertebrae of the lumbar series. The order was formerly called Edentata. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, vol. I, p515)FloridaWeather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.
... or foetal viability is the ability of a fetus to survive outside the uterus. As the word is used in United ... Fetal viability depends largely on the fetal organ maturity, and environmental conditions. Another definition for viability, as ... is the expectation that a fetus has an equal chance of surviving and not surviving outside his or her mother's womb. According ... Some allow doctors to decide for themselves if the fetus is viable. Some require doctors to perform tests to prove a fetus is ...
Tolerance within an individual is normally evoked as a fetus. This is known as maternal-fetal tolerance where B cells ... Cells that survive positive selection, but bind strongly to self-antigens are negatively selected also by active induction of ... Only approximately 1 percent are positively selected for maturity. However, there is only a limited repertoire of antigen that ... This may lead to organ-specific autoimmune disease. Conversely, epitope spreading could be due to target antigens being ...
Luxans can survive in the vacuum of space for at least one-quarter arn (analogous to an hour). Luxans have protruding brow ... Secondly, the organ vibrates to create an energy field which facilitates tranquility and rationality in those nearby. Using ... One could say that the primary sign of maturity among Luxans is learning to control hyper-rage. Due to the danger an immature ... Among the known advantages granted by their creators is a delay in the gestation of the fetus, eyesight significantly keener ...
In the normal human fetus, several organ systems mature between 34 and 37 weeks, and the fetus reaches adequate maturity by the ... Fetal infection is linked to preterm birth and to significant long-term handicap including cerebral palsy.[citation needed] It ... The record for the smallest premature baby to survive was held for a considerable amount of time by Madeline Mann, who was born ... One of the main organs greatly affected by premature birth is the lungs. The lungs are one of the last organs to mature in the ...
Halfway through gestation the fetus is the size of between a rabbit and a beagle. The most dramatic fetal development occurs in ... For example, the Arabian horse of the desert naturally developed speed and endurance to travel long distances and survive in a ... Changes in hormone levels can have great effects on the physical characteristics of the reproductive organs of the mare, ... so as to be at an advantage in size and maturity when competing against other horses in the same age group. When an early foal ...
The fetus moves regularly, and is felt by the woman. Fetal movement can become strong and be disruptive to the woman. The ... Sex organs begin to appear during the third month of gestation. The fetus continues to grow in both weight and length, although ... movement of the fetus may be felt.[4] At 28 weeks, more than 90% of babies can survive outside of the uterus if provided with ... Childbirth maturity stages. Further information: Preterm birth and Postterm pregnancy. Stages of pregnancy term. stage. starts ...
Organ system failure. Shock sequence. SIRS. Sepsis. Severe sepsis. Septic shock. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Other ... a b c d e f American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Fetus and Newborn. Levels of neonatal care. Pediatrics. 2012;130(3): ... "Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 73 (3): F193-F195. doi:10.1136/fn.73.3.F193. PMC 2528458 . PMID ... A special aspect of NICU stress for both parents and staff is that infants may survive, but with damage to the brain, lungs or ...
Before 24 weeks the fetus is still developing its organs, and the amniotic fluid is important for protecting the fetus against ... vaginal fluid can be tested to determine fetal lung maturity using chemical markers which can help to decide if corticosteroids ... Before this age, the fetus cannot survive outside of the mother's womb. Most women will experience a painless leakage of fluid ... Monitoring for infection: signs of infection include a fever in the mother, fetal tachycardia (fast heart rate of the fetus, > ...
Fetal lung maturity is associated with how much surfactant the fetus is producing. Reduced production of surfactant indicates ... techniques and works of gynecology declined but very little of his works were recorded and survived to the late 18th century ... new and separate field of study from obstetrics and focused on the curing of illness and indispositions of female sexual organs ... Fetal screening is used to help assess the viability of the fetus, as well as congenital abnormalities. Fetal karyotype can be ...
The fetus moves regularly, and is felt by the woman. Fetal movement can become strong and be disruptive to the woman. The ... Sex organs begin to appear during the third month of gestation. The fetus continues to grow in both weight and length, although ... movement of the fetus may be felt.[4] At 28 weeks, more than 90% of babies can survive outside of the uterus if provided with ... viability and maturity stages. ... The uterus, the muscular organ that holds the developing fetus ...
An example of maturity is a plasma cell, from the B cell lineage, which produces copious antibody, but cannot divide and ... Probably NK cells can develop in a variety of organs but the major site of NK cell development is not known. In humans, the ... While the DC precursors have been identified in the human fetal liver, thymus, and bone marrow, during adult life DC are ... and the fact that memory T cells are long-lived and survive for decades. Unconventional T cells The thymus also gives rise to ...
When the lungs are formed the fetus is held in the fluid-filled amniotic sac and so they do not function to breathe. Blood is ... This has the effect of decreasing the size of the rib cage, and of pushing the abdominal organs up against the diaphragm which ... Burri, PH (1984). "Fetal and postnatal development of the lung". Annual Review of Physiology. 46: 617-28. doi:10.1146/annurev. ... The development of the human lungs arise from the laryngotracheal groove and develop to maturity over several weeks in the ...
At sexual maturity, the males display a bright green with white dorsolateral lines. In contrast, the females are rusty red to ... The handicap principle states that a male who survives despite possessing some sort of handicap thus proves that the rest of ... In redlip blennies, only the male fish develops an organ at the anal-urogenital region that produces antimicrobial substances. ... Brains of pregnant females carrying male fetuses may be shielded from the masculinizing effects of androgen through the action ...
The Tanner scale for the maturity of male genitals assigns a maturity stage to the calculated volume ranging from stage I, a ... Testes follow the "path of descent" from high in the posterior fetal abdomen to the inguinal ring and beyond to the inguinal ... The testes have the highest fraction of tissue type-specific genes compared to other organs and tissues: about 1000 of them are ... It turns out to be the same mechanism that keeps the fetus cool in a pregnant female." American scientist 86.5 (1998): 440-448 ...
The ram uses his vomeronasal organ (sometimes called the Jacobson's organ) to sense the pheromones of ewes and detect when they ... Even if sheep survive an attack, they may die from their injuries or simply from panic. However, the impact of predation varies ... Ewes generally reach sexual maturity at six to eight months old, and rams generally at four to six months. However, there are ... Pregnant sheep are also a useful model for human pregnancy, and have been used to investigate the effects on fetal development ...
See also: Fetal psychology. Prenatal development is of interest to psychologists investigating the context of early ... Despair". This happens during maturity and wisdom is gained. When one grows old and they contemplate and look back and see the ... The drug also encourages behavioural problems in the affected children, as well as defects of various vital organs.[54] ... a fetus can both see and hear by the second trimester (13 to 24 weeks of age). The sense of touch develops in the embryonic ...
... whereas a miscarriage is used to refer to spontaneous fetal loss when the fetus is not viable (i.e., not yet unable to survive ... Meninju dan menendang perut sudah umum dan kematian akibat ruptur organ dalam seperti hati, limpa atau pencernaan, telah banyak ... In general terms, the word 'abortion' simply means the failure of something to reach fulfilment or maturity. Medically, ... This definition implies a legal perception of the age at which a fetus can survive out of the womb. With great advances in ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... O'Brodovich, Hugh (2001). "Fetal lung liquid secretion". American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 25 (1): 8- ... When the lungs are formed the fetus is held in the fluid-filled amniotic sac and so they do not function to breathe. Blood is ... The development of the human lungs arise from the laryngotracheal groove and develop to maturity over several weeks in the ...
Increased levels of insulin in a fetus's blood may inhibit fetal surfactant production and cause respiratory distress syndrome ... Maturity onset diabetes of the young. Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is an autosomal dominant inherited form of ... The earliest surviving work with a detailed reference to diabetes is that of Aretaeus of Cappadocia (2nd or early 3rd century ... A Caesarean section may be performed if there is marked fetal distress or an increased risk of injury associated with ...
Fetal tissue restores lost sight MedicalNewsToday. 28 October 2004 *^ "Stem cells used to restore vision". 28 April 2005 - via ... "Sheets of retinal cells used by the team are harvested from aborted fetuses, which some people find objectionable." When these ... Inhabiting such a two-dimensional rigid substrate requires a dramatic adaption for the surviving cells because they lack the ... sperm can be produced from high genetic quality individuals who die before reaching sexual maturity, preserving a line that ...
Fetal tissue restores lost sight MedicalNewsToday. 28 October 2004 *^ "Stem cells used to restore vision". 28 April 2005 - via ... "Sheets of retinal cells used by the team are harvested from aborted fetuses, which some people find objectionable." When these ... sperm can be produced from high genetic quality individuals who die before reaching sexual maturity, preserving a line that ... In the case of wounded fetal tissue, however, wounded tissue is replaced with normal tissue through the activity of stem cells. ...
Halfway through gestation the fetus is the size of between a rabbit and a beagle. The most dramatic fetal development occurs in ... For example, the Arabian horse of the desert naturally developed speed and endurance to travel long distances and survive in a ... Changes in hormone levels can have great effects on the physical characteristics of the reproductive organs of the mare, ... so as to be at an advantage in size and maturity when competing against other horses in the same age group. When an early foal ...
Fetal viability or foetal viability is the ability of a fetus to survive outside the uterus. As the word is used in United ... Fetal viability depends largely on the fetal organ maturity, and environmental conditions. Another definition for viability, as ... is the expectation that a fetus has an equal chance of surviving and not surviving outside his or her mothers womb. According ... Some allow doctors to decide for themselves if the fetus is viable. Some require doctors to perform tests to prove a fetus is ...
More commonly, the limit of viability has been defined as the age of fetal maturity that ensures a reasonable chance of ... In general, viability refers to the gestational age when a fetus reaches an anatomical threshold when critical organs, such as ... According to studies between 2003 and 2005, 20 to 35 percent of babies born at 23 weeks of gestation survive, while 50 to 70 ... percent of babies born at 24 to 25 weeks, and more than 90 percent born at 26 to 27 weeks, survive. en.wikipedia.org.... ...
In Eutherian mammals, however, the placenta is fully adapted to cope with a fetus that develops to maturity. There are many new ... Evolving Maternal Tolerance to Fetus and Placenta. Because it seems very likely that the problem of maternal tolerance to fetal ... A New Organ). Our view is supported by two lines of evidence: - the wide expression of fetus- and placenta-specific antigens by ... including increasing the chance of surviving infection courtesy of a more mature immune system, initially supported by high ...
... the fetus progresses normally to maturity, and is born at full term with fully functional organs, becoming a healthy neonate ... Fetal alcohol syndrome. The effects on the fetus of maternal ingestion of alcohol were first described in Europe in 1968. World ... of babies survive after delivery as early as 28 weeks. Survival may occur even from birth at 24 weeks, but this is uncommon.. ... After an egg has been fertilized, and has been implan… Fetal Alcohol Syndrome , Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) represents a ...
In mild cases, the liver becomes swollen and tender, and fat builds up inside the organ. In severe cases, liver cells may be ... There is no direct evidence that maternal exposure to carbon tetrachloride has a harmful effect on the fetus in humans. A few ... This section discusses potential health effects in humans from exposures during the period from conception to maturity at 18 ... Information from animal studies indicates that carbon tetrachloride may cause early fetal deaths, but does not cause birth ...
Before birth, doctors are able to test the maturity of the fetuss lungs by measuring the level of surfactant in the amniotic ... If the low oxygen levels are not treated, newborns may have damage to their brain and other organs and may die. ... Within 48 hours after the injections are started, the fetal lungs may mature to the point that respiratory distress syndrome is ... With treatment, most newborns survive. Natural production of surfactant increases after birth. With continued production of ...
Fetal erythrocytes are produced in the yolk sac during the first few weeks of embryogenesis. The fetal liver becomes more ... Cells of the most immature infants may survive only 35-50 days. The shortened RBC life span of the neonate is a result of ... By about 32 weeks gestation, the burden of erythrocyte production in the fetus is shared evenly by liver and bone marrow. By ... The risk of anemia of prematurity (AOP) is inversely related to gestational maturity and birthweight. As many as half of ...
Once fused to a female, the males will reach sexual maturity, developing large testicles as their other organs atrophy. ... The most common form is fetomaternal microchimerism (or fetal chimerism) whereby cells from a fetus pass through into the ... the goat embryo may survive. It may be possible to extend this practice for the purpose of preventing the extinction of some ... Fetal cells have been documented to persist in maternal circulation for as long as 38 years.[2] Microchimerism had also been ...
Attached to the uterine wall, the developing embryo begins to form body organs and by 9 weeks. the fetus becomes recognizably ... Fewer than half of fertilized eggs, called zygotes, survive. In the first week, cell division produces a zygote of some 100 ... If the mother drinks heavily, the effects may be visible as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). 4. Describe some abilities of the ... Adolescence typically begins at puberty with the onset of rapid grth and developing sexual maturity. A surge of hormones ...
The Use of Corticosteroids for Acceleration of Fetal Pulmonary Maturity in Special Clinical Situations Robert L. Goldenberg, M ... Since then, randomized controlled trials in women have confirmed the maturational effects of corticosteroids on fetal organ ... All fetuses between 24 and 34 weeks gestation at risk of preterm delivery should be considered candidates for antenatal ... Although most premature infants survive without major sequelae, some require rehospitalization and special services. ...
Not only was she black-born to a white sow-but independent DNA analyses confirmed that her DNA matched the donor fetal cell. ... With these conditions established, they selected fibroblast cells from 24-day-old fetuses of a black breed of pig as the source ... But pigs are an even hotter commodity: They promise an unlimited supply of organs for transplantation, the result of their ... "Obviously, if you can hit a protein that enables [the bacterium] to survive, that represents a potential therapy target." ...
Take a peek inside the womb to see the stages of fetal development. Learn how embryos develop and grow during pregnancy. See ... At 37 weeks, the baby has completed development of all organ systems to a level that should allow it to survive and continue ... At 12 weeks, the fetus has grown to about 2 inches (4.4cm) in length and may begin to move by itself. The fingers and toes are ... UpToDate: "Assessment of Fetal Lung Maturity". *American Pregnancy Association: "Fetal Development". WebMD does not provide ...
Gross whole-organ measurements revealed no significant difference between affected and nonaffected organs. Using the subjective ... Behavioral observations included activity patterns by sex and degree of maturity, mating behavior, unusual. 10. 11. feeding ... the survival of the pregnant female, the all-or-none options are either to abort the fetuses, thus removing the caloric demands ... One general tenet arising from such studies is that to survive an organism must either "compensate or endure" environmental ...
... whom he delivered of 5 fetuses in the seventh month of pregnancy, none of the children surviving. The patients mother had on ... The organ appeared to be perfectly healthy. The cord of the fourth child was so short that it had to be ligated in the vagina. ... In both of these cases the children were all christened and all lived to maturity. Garthshore speaks of a healthy woman, ... Valsalli was summoned and found the woman with an enormously distended abdomen, within which were felt numerous fetal parts, ...
Prozac should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus [see Use In ... In embryo-fetal development studies in rats and rabbits, there was no evidence of teratogenicity following administration of ... There was no evidence of developmental neurotoxicity in the surviving offspring of rats treated with 12 mg/kg/day during ... Significant toxicity on muscle tissue, neurobehavior, reproductive organs, and bone development has been observed following ...
... fetal abnormalities, and fetal lung maturity. Electronic fetal monitoring--Monitoring with external devices applied to the ... The Apgar score is a useful measure of the need for resuscitation and a predictor of the infants chances of surviving the ... Cord prolapse--Premature expulsion of the umbilical cord in labor before the fetus is delivered. Anesthetic complications--Any ... Other urogenital anomalies--Other specified congenital anomalies of the organs concerned in the production and excretion of ...
Length is better indication of maturity of fetus.. Very little lanugo, lots of vernix. ... Major organs begin development.. Now about size of hens egg.. Embryo is 1" long and about 4 grams.. Hands and feet are seen.. ... Baby can survive outside uterus if lungs capable of breathing.. 10-20% survival if born at this time.. 14", 2 1/2 lbs.. Viable ... Fetal heart beat heard with amplification.. Fetal movement is recognized.. Sex is distinguishable now.. Meconium formation in ...
... born before complete maturity. Learn more about this condition. ... Factors involving the fetus:. *When fetal behavior indicates ... Many of their organs may not be ready for life outside the mothers uterus and may be too immature to function well. ... Because of the tremendous advances in the care of sick and premature babies, more and more babies are surviving despite being ... A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is considered premature, that is, born before complete maturity. Slightly fewer than ...
Fluoxetine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus [see Use in ... There was no evidence of developmental neurotoxicity in the surviving offspring of rats treated with 12 mg/kg/day during ... Animal Data-In embryo-fetal development studies in rats and rabbits, there was no evidence of teratogenicity following ... Animal data-Significant toxicity on muscle tissue, neurobehavior, reproductive organs, and bone development has been observed ...
... fetal heart monitoring, bleeding in pregnancy, and fetal lung maturity. He has authored a book for consumers regarding the ... However, in a pregnant woman who is Rh negative (who might be carrying an Rh positive fetus), exposure to Rh positive fetal ... However, in most cases the child will survive and develop normally barring any unforeseen congenital problems. If the procedure ... and laceration of intra-abdominal organs. The majority of these case reports have occurred prior to the use of ultrasound as an ...
Tolerance within an individual is normally evoked as a fetus. This is known as maternal-fetal tolerance where B cells ... Cells that survive positive selection, but bind strongly to self-antigens are negatively selected also by active induction of ... Only approximately 1 percent are positively selected for maturity. However, there is only a limited repertoire of antigen that ... This may lead to organ-specific autoimmune disease. Conversely, epitope spreading could be due to target antigens being ...
Fluoxetine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus [see Use in ... There was no evidence of developmental neurotoxicity in the surviving offspring of rats treated with 12 mg/kg/day during ... Animal Data - In embryo-fetal development studies in rats and rabbits, there was no evidence of teratogenicity following ... Significant toxicity on muscle tissue, neurobehavior, reproductive organs, and bone development has been observed following ...
Holliday M. Metabolic rate and organ size during growth from infancy to maturity and during late gestation and early infancy. ... 2) At term, the human fetus has about 13 % of body weight as fat, a key form of energy insurance supporting brain development ... Oxidation of glucose and D-Beta-hydroxybuyrate by the early human fetal brain. Acta Paediatr Scand 1975 ; 64 : 17-24.. Google ... where the earliest human ancestors became bipedal and evolved tool-making skills and language while struggling to survive in a ...
Thats called fetal lung maturity amniocentesis.. What conditions does amniocentesis test for?. While amnio mainly detects ... Fatal genetic disorder Edward syndrome symptoms include clenched hands, defects in organs and a small head. Sex organs may also ... The child does survive but can have heart diseases, tongue displacement, thick skin, intellectual disabilities and speech delay ... A condition called Rh sensitization kills fetus using the mothers immune system. Blood factors of mother and baby conflict and ...
  • of antenatal development starts 9 weeks after fertilization, when the major organs have been formed and the embryo has reached 33 mm length from the crown of the head to the rump. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This statement was originally published as: The effect of antenatal steroids for fetal maturation on perinatal outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • For making bibliographic reference to consensus statement no. 95 in the electronic from displayed here, it is recommended that the following format be used: The effect of antenatal steroids for fetal maturation on perinatal outcomes-interim draft statement. (nih.gov)
  • The consensus panel concluded that antenatal corticosteroid therapy for fetal maturation reduces mortality, respiratory distress syndrome, and intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants. (nih.gov)
  • The use of antenatal corticosteroids for fetal maturation is a rare example of a technology that yields substantial cost savings in addition to improving health. (nih.gov)
  • The degree of anemia and hypoxia required to stimulate EPO production is far greater for the fetal liver than for the fetal kidney. (medscape.com)
  • But because Darwinian selection favors reproductive success rather than individual survival, the protection of the developing fetus takes precedence over the risk of personal suffering and even death in post-reproductive adults. (frontiersin.org)
  • As the organism develops, the resulting chimera can come to possess organs that have different sets of chromosomes . (bionity.com)
  • These early procedures were for fetal gender determination based in part on the research of the Canadian anatomist, Murray Barr, who described the "barr body" in 1949. (e-edcredits.com)
  • But pigs are an even hotter commodity: They promise an unlimited supply of organs for transplantation, the result of their close physiological relationship to humans. (sciencemag.org)