The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.
A species of flagellate parasitic EUKARYOTE. It possesses a long undulating membrane that is bordered on its outer margin by a flagellum that becomes free posteriorly. This organism causes infections in cows that could lead to temporary infertility or abortion.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in two or more fetal compartments, such as SKIN; PLEURA; PERICARDIUM; PLACENTA; PERITONEUM; AMNIOTIC FLUID. General fetal EDEMA may be of non-immunologic origin, or of immunologic origin as in the case of ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS.
Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.
The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Deficient oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD.
A genus of flagellate EUKARYOTES possessing three long anterior flagella.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)
Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
Physical activity of the FETUS in utero. Gross or fine fetal body movement can be monitored by the mother, PALPATION, or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The possession of a third chromosome of any one type in an otherwise diploid cell.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.
Protrusion of abdominal structures into the THORAX as a result of congenital or traumatic defects in the respiratory DIAPHRAGM.
A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.
Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
Failure of the PLACENTA to deliver an adequate supply of nutrients and OXYGEN to the FETUS.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.
A condition of abnormally low AMNIOTIC FLUID volume. Principal causes include malformations of fetal URINARY TRACT; FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION; nicotine poisoning; and PROLONGED PREGNANCY.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The collecting of fetal blood samples typically via ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASOUND GUIDED FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION from the umbilical vein.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
A genus of parasitic flagellate EUKARYOTES distinguished by the presence of four anterior flagella, an undulating membrane, and a trailing flagellum.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
A nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) indicating that the FETUS is compromised (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1988). It can be identified by sub-optimal values in FETAL HEART RATE; oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD; and other parameters.
A method for diagnosis of fetal diseases by sampling the cells of the placental chorionic villi for DNA analysis, presence of bacteria, concentration of metabolites, etc. The advantage over amniocentesis is that the procedure can be carried out in the first trimester.
In utero transfusion of BLOOD into the FETUS for the treatment of FETAL DISEASES, such as fetal erythroblastosis (ERYTHROBLASTOSIS, FETAL).
The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.
The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.
The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with velocity detection combined with range discrimination. Short bursts of ultrasound are transmitted at regular intervals and the echoes are demodulated as they return.
The circulation of BLOOD, of both the mother and the FETUS, through the PLACENTA.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
A congenital defect with major fissure in the ABDOMINAL WALL lateral to, but not at, the UMBILICUS. This results in the extrusion of VISCERA. Unlike OMPHALOCELE, herniated structures in gastroschisis are not covered by a sac or PERITONEUM.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.
Monitoring of FETAL HEART frequency before birth in order to assess impending prematurity in relation to the pattern or intensity of antepartum UTERINE CONTRACTION.
The process by which fetal Rh+ erythrocytes enter the circulation of an Rh- mother, causing her to produce IMMUNOGLOBULIN G antibodies, which can cross the placenta and destroy the erythrocytes of Rh+ fetuses. Rh isoimmunization can also be caused by BLOOD TRANSFUSION with mismatched blood.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the fetus and amniotic cavity through abdominal or uterine entry.
A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.
Prenatal interventions to correct fetal anomalies or treat FETAL DISEASES in utero. Fetal therapies include several major areas, such as open surgery; FETOSCOPY; pharmacological therapy; INTRAUTERINE TRANSFUSION; STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and GENETIC THERAPY.
A form of spinal dysraphism associated with a protruding cyst made up of either meninges (i.e., a MENINGOCELE) or meninges in combination with spinal cord tissue (i.e., a MENINGOMYELOCELE). These lesions are frequently associated with spinal cord dysfunction, HYDROCEPHALUS, and SYRINGOMYELIA. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp224-5)
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Functional competence of specific organs or body systems of the FETUS in utero.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
A condition of abnormally high AMNIOTIC FLUID volume, such as greater than 2,000 ml in the LAST TRIMESTER and usually diagnosed by ultrasonographic criteria (AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX). It is associated with maternal DIABETES MELLITUS; MULTIPLE PREGNANCY; CHROMOSOMAL DISORDERS; and congenital abnormalities.
A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.
The bond or lack thereof between a pregnant woman and her FETUS.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography using the added dimension of time to impart the cinematic perception of motion. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Use of reflected ultrasound in the diagnosis of intracranial pathologic processes.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
An agent that causes the production of physical defects in the developing embryo.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).
Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.
Venous vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the mother to the FETUS via the PLACENTA. In humans, there is normally one umbilical vein.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
The thin layers of tissue that surround the developing embryo. There are four extra-embryonic membranes commonly found in VERTEBRATES, such as REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. They are the YOLK SAC, the ALLANTOIS, the AMNION, and the CHORION. These membranes provide protection and means to transport nutrients and wastes.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The part of the face above the eyes.
Abnormally small jaw.
Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.
Passage of blood from one fetus to another via an arteriovenous communication or other shunt, in a monozygotic twin pregnancy. It results in anemia in one twin and polycythemia in the other. (Lee et al., Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology, 9th ed, p737-8)
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
A congenital abnormality of the central nervous system marked by failure of the midline structures of the cerebellum to develop, dilation of the fourth ventricle, and upward displacement of the transverse sinuses, tentorium, and torcula. Clinical features include occipital bossing, progressive head enlargement, bulging of anterior fontanelle, papilledema, ataxia, gait disturbances, nystagmus, and intellectual compromise. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp294-5)
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
Anterior midline brain, cranial, and facial malformations resulting from the failure of the embryonic prosencephalon to undergo segmentation and cleavage. Alobar prosencephaly is the most severe form and features anophthalmia; cyclopia; severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY; CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; SEIZURES; and microcephaly. Semilobar holoprosencepaly is characterized by hypotelorism, microphthalmia, coloboma, nasal malformations, and variable degrees of INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Lobar holoprosencephaly is associated with mild (or absent) facial malformations and intellectual abilities that range from mild INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY to normal. Holoprosencephaly is associated with CHROMOSOME ABNORMALITIES.
A malpresentation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR with the fetal cephalic pole in the fundus of the UTERUS. There are three types of breech: the complete breech with flexed hips and knees; the incomplete breech with one or both hips partially or fully extended; the frank breech with flexed hips and extended knees.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Birth defect that results in a partial or complete absence of the CORPUS CALLOSUM. It may be isolated or a part of a syndrome (e.g., AICARDI'S SYNDROME; ACROCALLOSAL SYNDROME; ANDERMANN SYNDROME; and HOLOPROSENCEPHALY). Clinical manifestations include neuromotor skill impairment and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY of variable severity.
Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy generally occurring between days 18-29 of gestation. Ectodermal and mesodermal malformations (mainly involving the skull and vertebrae) may occur as a result of defects of neural tube closure. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp31-41)
A pair of glands located at the cranial pole of each of the two KIDNEYS. Each adrenal gland is composed of two distinct endocrine tissues with separate embryonic origins, the ADRENAL CORTEX producing STEROIDS and the ADRENAL MEDULLA producing NEUROTRANSMITTERS.
The measurement of magnetic fields generated by electric currents from the heart. The measurement of these fields provides information which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY.
The formation of one or more genetically identical organisms derived by vegetative reproduction from a single cell. The source nuclear material can be embryo-derived, fetus-derived, or taken from an adult somatic cell.
A condition caused by underdevelopment of the whole left half of the heart. It is characterized by hypoplasia of the left cardiac chambers (HEART ATRIUM; HEART VENTRICLE), the AORTA, the AORTIC VALVE, and the MITRAL VALVE. Severe symptoms appear in early infancy when DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS closes.
The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.
The outermost extra-embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. In REPTILES and BIRDS, it adheres to the shell and allows exchange of gases between the egg and its environment. In MAMMALS, the chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the PLACENTA.
The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
Congenital changes in the morphology of organs produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)

In vitro effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) on bovine cells. (1/8473)

Bovine fetal muscle cells were exposed to culture media containing 2 mg and 20 mg per liter of 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) for varying intervals to determine the in vitro response of mammalian cells to this compound. The concentrations of 2,4-D used were comparable to those used in spray programmes although the residues normally found in pasture are much lower since 2,4-D is rapidly degraded under field conditions. Untreated and treated cultures were analyzed for total cell count, mitotic index and the percentages of differentiating and degenerating cells. The response of cultures to treatment was similar irrespective of the concentrations of 2,4-D used although in higher concentrations there was an initial drop in mitotic index. Other changes noted in treated cultures included an increase in differentiating and degenerating cells compared to those in control. The mitotic cells in treated cultures exhibited unipolar and tripolar spindles and a variety of other abnormalities including malorientation of the mitotic apparatus in relation to the axis of the cell. Myoblasts in initial stages of myogenesis were noted to be in mitosis in treated cultures suggesting that 2,4-D may have a stimulatory effect on myoblasts which in normal myogenesis are in post mitotic stage.  (+info)

Ischemic tolerance in murine cortical cell culture: critical role for NMDA receptors. (2/8473)

Murine cortical cultures containing both neurons and glia (days in vitro 13-15) were exposed to periods of oxygen-glucose deprivation (5-30 min) too brief to induce neuronal death. Cultures "preconditioned" by sublethal oxygen-glucose deprivation exhibited 30-50% less neuronal death than controls when exposed to a 45-55 min period of oxygen-glucose deprivation 24 hr later. This preconditioning-induced neuroprotection was specific in that neuronal death induced by exposure to excitotoxins or to staurosporine was not attenuated. Neuroprotection was lost if the time between the preconditioning and severe insult were decreased to 7 hr or increased to 72 hr and was blocked if the NMDA antagonist 100 microM 3-((D)-2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid was applied during the preconditioning insult. This was true even if the duration of preconditioning was increased as far as possible (while still remaining sublethal). A similar preconditioning effect was also produced by sublethal exposure to high K+, glutamate, or NMDA but not to kainate or trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1, 3-dicarboxylic acid.  (+info)

Cortisol in fetal fluids and the fetal adrenal at parturition in the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii). (3/8473)

Glucocorticoid hormones may play a critical role in initiating parturition in tammar wallabies. In this study, we investigated the concentration of cortisol in fetal fluids and cortisol production by fetal adrenals over the last 3 days of the 26-day pregnancy and within 24 h postpartum. The fetal adrenals almost doubled in size between Days 24 and 26 of pregnancy, and their cortisol content increased over 10-fold during this period, from 10 pg to over 100 pg per adrenal pair. After birth, neonatal adrenals continued to grow, but cortisol content fell dramatically to 20 pg. The prepartum increase in adrenal cortisol was reflected by a substantial rise in cortisol concentrations in yolk sac fluid, allantoic fluid, and fetal blood, which were below 10 ng/ml on Day 24 and rose to over 40 ng/ml by Day 26. Cortisol concentrations in neonatal blood decreased postpartum, mirroring decreased cortisol content in neonatal adrenals. Cortisol production by the fetal adrenal was stimulated in vitro by ACTH and prostaglandin E2, suggesting that the in vivo increase may be stimulated by release of ACTH from the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary axis and prostaglandin E2 from the placenta. These results indicate that increasing cortisol production by the fetal adrenal is a characteristic of late pregnancy in the tammar wallaby and support the suggestion that fetal cortisol may trigger the initiation of parturition in this marsupial species.  (+info)

Expression of neurotrophins and their receptors in human bone marrow. (4/8473)

The expression of neurotrophins and their receptors, the low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (p75LNGFR) and the Trk receptors (TrkA, TrkB, and TrkC), was investigated in human bone marrow from 16 weeks fetal age to adulthood. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, all transcripts encoding for catalytic and truncated human TrkB or TrkC receptors were detected together with trkAI transcripts, whereas trkAII transcripts were found only in control nerve tissues. Transcripts for the homologue of the rat truncated TrkC(ic113) receptor were identified for the first time in human tissue. Stromal adventitial reticular cells were found immunoreactive for all neutrophin receptors. In contrast, hematopoietic cell types were not immunoreactive for p75LNGFR but showed immunoreactivity for one or several Trk receptors. TrkA immunoreactivity was found in immature erythroblasts. Catalytic TrkB immunoreactivity was observed in eosinophilic metamyelocytes and polymorphonuclear cells. Truncated TrkB immunoreactivity was found in erythroblasts and megacaryocytes. Immunoreactivity for both catalytic and truncated TrkC receptor was observed in promyelocytes, myelocytes, some polymorphonuclear cells and megacaryocytes. Neutrophin transcript levels appeared higher at fetal than at adult stages, no variation in Trk family transcript levels was observed. The local expression of neurotrophin genes suggests a wide range of paracrine and/or autocrine mode of action through their corresponding receptors within the bone marrow.  (+info)

Human uterine lymphocytes. (5/8473)

During the luteal phase and the early months of pregnancy, there is a dense mucosal infiltration of CD56+ natural killer (NK) cells. These uterine NK cells have a phenotype (CD56bright, CD16-, mCD3-) which distinguishes them from peripheral blood NK cells (CD56dim, CD16bright, mCD3-). The uterine NK cells are in close association with extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells which infiltrate into the decidua and maternal spiral arteries. This subpopulation of trophoblast expresses two human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules, HLA-G and HLA-C. Circulating NK cells express receptors for HLA class I molecules. We have recently found evidence that similar receptors are present on decidual NK cells belonging to both the Killer Inhibitory Receptor (KIR) and CD94 families. The repertoire of NK receptors expressed varies between different women. The findings indicate that decidual NK cells do have receptors for trophoblast HLA class I molecules. Experiments are underway to determine the effects of this interaction on NK cell function.  (+info)

Interaction of lipopolysaccharide with human small intestinal lamina propria fibroblasts favors neutrophil migration and peripheral blood mononuclear cell adhesion by the production of proinflammatory mediators and adhesion molecules. (6/8473)

Fibroblasts are important effector cells having a potential role in augmenting the inflammatory responses in various diseases. In infantile diarrhea caused by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), the mechanism of inflammatory reactions at the mucosal site remains unknown. Although the potential involvement of fibroblasts in the pathogenesis of cryptococcus-induced diarrhea in pigs has been suggested, the precise role of lamina propria fibroblasts in the cellular pathogenesis of intestinal infection and inflammation caused by EPEC requires elucidation. Earlier we reported the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell proliferation, and collagen synthesis and downregulation of nitric oxide in lamina propria fibroblasts. In this report, we present the profile of cytokines and adhesion molecules in the cultured and characterized human small intestinal lamina propria fibroblasts in relation to neutrophil migration and adhesion in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted from EPEC 055:B5. Upon interaction with LPS (1-10 micrograms/ml), lamina propria fibroblasts produced a high level of proinflammatory mediators, interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and cell adhesion molecules (CAM) such as intercellular cell adhesion molecule (ICAM), A-CAM, N-CAM and vitronectin in a time-dependent manner. LPS induced cell-associated IL-1alpha and IL-1beta, and IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha as soluble form in the supernatant. Apart from ICAM, vitronectin, A-CAM, and N-CAM proteins were strongly induced in lamina propria fibroblasts by LPS. Adhesion of PBMC to LPS-treated lamina propria fibroblasts was ICAM-dependent. LPS-induced ICAM expression in lamina propria fibroblasts was modulated by whole blood, PBMC and neutrophils. Conditioned medium of LPS-treated lamina propria fibroblasts remarkably enhanced the neutrophil migration. The migration of neutrophils was inhibited by anti-IL-8 antibody. Co-culture of fibroblasts with neutrophils using polycarbonate membrane filters exhibited time-dependent migration of neutrophils. These findings indicate that the coordinate production of proinflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules in lamina propria fibroblasts which do not classically belong to the immune system can influence the local inflammatory reactions at the intestinal mucosal site during bacterial infections and can influence the immune cell population residing in the lamina propria.  (+info)

Expression of MAGE and GAGE in high-grade brain tumors: a potential target for specific immunotherapy and diagnostic markers. (7/8473)

The mRNA expression of the tumor-associated antigens MAGE and GAGE was examined in 60 high-grade brain tumors. This analysis was performed by using reverse transcription-PCR, Southern blotting, and sequencing. It was demonstrated that, of the eight GAGE genes, GAGE-2 and -7 were expressed in five of seven normal brains. Four groups of tumors--adult glioblastoma multiforme (n = 20), pediatric glioblastoma multiforme (n = 9), medulloblastomas (n = 15), and ependymomas (n = 14)--were analyzed for mRNA expression. The following frequencies were observed: MAGE-1, 0, 0, 13, and 0%, respectively; MAGE-2, 5, 11, 60, and 57%; MAGE-3 & -6, 0, 0, 13, and 0%; GAGE-1, 65, 11, 13, and 43%; and GAGE-3-6 and -8: 75, 78, 47, and 93%, respectively. Two unclassified tumors expressed GAGE-3-6 and -8 only. The absence of GAGE-1 expression in normal brain, its relatively high frequency of expression in high-grade brain tumors, and its unique 3' sequence, suggest it may represent a useful target for specific immunotherapy. The detection method of reverse transcription-PCR and Southern blotting may also be useful for rapid screening of biopsy specimens both for diagnostic purposes and to determine a patient's eligibility for specific immunotherapy.  (+info)

NMDA receptor characterization and subunit expression in rat cultured mesencephalic neurones. (8/8473)

1. NMDA-induced changes in free intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were determined in individual cultured rat mesencephalic neurones by the fura-2 method. mRNA expression encoding NMDA receptor subunits (NR1, NR2A-D) was examined by RT-PCR. 2. NMDA (1-100 microM, plus 10 microM glycine) induced a concentration-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i (EC50 = 5.7 microM). The effect of NMDA was virtually insensitive to tetrodotoxin (0.3 microM) and nitrendipine (1 microM), but dependent on extracellular Ca2+. 5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid (10 microM), a specific antagonist at the glycine binding site on the NMDA receptor, abolished the NMDA response. 3. Memantine, an open-channel blocker, and ifenprodil, a preferential non-competitive NR1/NR2B receptor antagonist diminished the NMDA effect with an IC50 value of 0.17 and 1 microM, respectively. Ethanol at 50 and 100 mM caused about 25 and 45%-inhibition, respectively. 4. Agarose gel analysis of the PCR products followed by ethidium bromide fluorescence or CSPD chemiluminescence detection revealed an almost exclusive expression of the NR1 splice variants lacking exon (E) 5 and E22. The 3' splice form without both E21 and E22 exceeded that containing E21 by approximately 4 fold. The relative amounts of NR2A, NR2B, NR2C corresponded to approximately 1:2:1. NR2D mRNA was also detectable. 5. In conclusion, mesencephalic neurones bear ethanol-sensitive NMDA receptors which might be involved in the development of ethanol dependence and withdrawal. The high affinity of NMDA to this receptor, its sensitivity to ifenprodil and memantine may suggest that the mesencephalic NMDA receptor comprises the NR1 splice variant lacking E5, NR2B, and NR2C, respectively.  (+info)

The epidemiology of stillbirth and fetal central nervous system (CNS) injury is described with some emphasis on maternal and feto-placental risk factors. To maximize utility of the discussion and because it also represents the classical manifestation
Purified Mouse Fetus (15 Day Fetus) Membrane Lysate from Creative Biomart. Mouse Fetus (15 Day Fetus) Membrane Lysate can be used for research.
Purified Mouse Fetus (11 Day Fetus) Membrane Lysate from Creative Biomart. Mouse Fetus (11 Day Fetus) Membrane Lysate can be used for research.
The teaching issue we wish to address is updating physicians and ultrasonographers in the most current information related to perinatal ultrasound.. This activity will present new practice information, supported by current literature and research, regarding perinatal ultrasound, sophisticated performance techniques, and recommendations for management of problems. Case studies will be used to illustrate the new information and its application to obstetrical ultrasound. The case studies will add to the participants knowledge, improving skills and judgment. ...
Needless to say, it is profound how much stress hormones can affect the fetus and the born-human later in life. British researcher Vivette Glover says that the fetus tries to prepare for handling its future life. If the fetus views its life in the womb as unstable and scary, its personality after being born may be unconsciously programmed into a more vigilant, stressed, and jumpy persona in order to handle that prenatal scary life (Glover, 2011). ANOTHER INTERESTING FACT: In the article, Stress pre-birth: How the Fetus is Affected by a Mothers State of Mind, printed in the inaugural issue of the International Journal of Birth and Parent Education; Issue 1, 2013, it was stated that as early as 1937, experiments had been done to show that when saccharin was added to the amniotic fluid, the fetuses swallowed the amniotic fluids more often because of the sweet taste. Then, it was later shown that if bitter fluids were added to the amniotic fluids, the fetuses swallowed or drank of the fluids ...
Human Fetus Multiple organ (normal) tissue array (25 normal fetus tissues: heart/small intestine/liver/rectum/stomach/adrenal gland/thyroid gland/spleen/skin/bone/brain/testis/lung/muscle/ gallbladder/eye/placenta/colon/pancreas, etc), 9 x 9 .
Fetus in Fetu - Fetus in fetu is a rare condition in which a fetus becomes enveloped by its twin in the womb. Learn about how fetus in fetu happenes and side effects.
Controversy over Planned Parenthoods supplying fetal tissue for research has focused attention on a little-discussed aspect of science.
id:2388901920845,title:DYING FETUS DUAL LOGO EMBROIDERED HAT,handle:dying-fetus-dual-logo-embroidered-hat,description:Dying Fetus Dual Logo Embroidered Hat,published_at:2019-02-11T10:38:35-05:00,created_at:2019-02-11T10:38:35-05:00,vendor:DYING FETUS,type:HATS,tags:[DYING FETUS,HATS,NEW ITEMS],price:3000,price_min:3000,price_max:3000,available:false,price_varies:false,compare_at_price:null,compare_at_price_min:0,compare_at_price_max:0,compare_at_price_varies:false,variants:[{id:21172037124173,title:SMALL\/MEDIUM,option1:SMALL\/MEDIUM,option2:null,option3:null,sku:DYING-FETUS-DUAL-LOGO-EMBROIDERED-HAT-01,requires_shipping:true,taxable:true,featured_image:null,available:false,name:DYING FETUS DUAL LOGO EMBROIDERED HAT - ...
Collection features many human fetal and cell line poly A Plus RNAs. We also offer a large number of human brain and heart subregion poly A Plus RNAs which are available from no other vendor.
Collection features many human fetal and cell line poly A Plus RNAs. We also offer a large number of human brain and heart subregion poly A Plus RNAs which are available from no other vendor.
Combining our chart Embryo and Fetus Development and a 5 stage Model Item L11/9 This series shows the most important stages of development of embryo or foetus. All models are mounted together on a base. 1st Month Embryo, 2nd Month Embryo, 3rd Month Embryo, 5th Month Foetus (breech position) 7th Month Foetus Chart is 36
The aim of this study was to investigate the morphologic structure of the extremities of Turkish fetuses during the fetal period and to measure the morphometric values.
18 weeks suspected foetal central nervous system abnormality (obstetrician referred / tertiary ultrasounds completed). Note: There are no restrictions on the number of services that can be provided to a patient where clinically necessary. However the obstetric MRI service will not be available as a stand-alone screening test for fetal abnormalities, the patient must have had two separate obstetric ultrasound exams in either the second (between 17 and 22 weeks) or the third trimester (after 22 weeks) of the pregnancy (NB There will no longer be a requirement for specific ultrasound item numbers to be billed to Medicare prior to the MRI. Therefore patients will still be eligible for a rebateable MRI if prior scans are performed in a public hospital as a public patient). Specialist obstetricians who provide the pre-test tertiary ultrasounds must have certification in maternal fetal medicine or obstetrical and gynaecological ultrasound. ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Report on liver cell transplantation using human fetal liver cells. AU - Pietrosi, Giada. AU - Chinnici, Cinzia. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - In an era of organ shortage, human fetuses donated after medically indicated abortion could be considered a potential liver donor for hepatic cell isolation. We investigated transplantation of fetal liver cells as a strategy to support liver functionality in end-stage liver disease. Here, we report our protocol of human fetal liver cells (hFLC) isolation in fetuses from 17 to 22 gestational weeks, and our clinical procedure of hFLC transplantation through the splenic artery.. AB - In an era of organ shortage, human fetuses donated after medically indicated abortion could be considered a potential liver donor for hepatic cell isolation. We investigated transplantation of fetal liver cells as a strategy to support liver functionality in end-stage liver disease. Here, we report our protocol of human fetal liver cells (hFLC) isolation in fetuses ...
Current use of fetal tissue. From 1994 to 2002, 19 separate biomedical researchers at 12 separate Australian institutions (four universities, six major teaching hospitals and two research institutes) used human fetal tissue in their research. The actual tissues used (detailed in Box 2) were determined by the individual research projects. In 1994, eye tissue made up nearly half of the distributed tissue. There was an increase in the use of bone/cartilage during 1996-2001, kidneys during 1996-1999, and liver and spinal cord over the past 4 years.. From 1994 to 2002, the tissue was used exclusively for biomedical research. In the previous decade, it was also used for therapeutic purposes,3 in an attempt to replenish ß cells in people with type 1 diabetes.6 These trials, which demonstrated survival but not function of the grafts, were discontinued as supply of second trimester tissue was limited. The research projects for which human fetal tissues were used included tissue development, mechanism of ...
They have towns of big viis an atlas of fetal central nervous system disease diagnosis bakers, badly not as Figure repositories to clean along with Zinns order. This chapter supports a African M at social reviewsTop. While it continues Unsurpassed to delete Thanks strip from every variety, Howard Zinns word does first fresh.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Heart changes in 17-day-old fetuses of diabetic ICR (Institute of Cancer Research) mothers. T2 - Improvement with maternal immune stimulation. AU - Gutierrez, Juan claudio. AU - Prater, Mary Renee. AU - Hrubec, Theresa C.. AU - Smith, Bonnie J.. AU - Freeman, Larry E.. AU - Holladay, Steven D.. PY - 2009/3. Y1 - 2009/3. N2 - Maternal diabetes mellitus is associated with increased fetal teratogenesis, including cardiovascular defects. Non-specific maternal immune stimulation with Freunds complete adjuvant (FCA) or interferon gamma (IFNγ) has been associated with protection against birth malformations. Using a diabetic mouse model, late-gestation fetal heart and great vessel morphology were analyzed. Four groups of mice were used: non-diabetic females as a control group, hyperglycemic females induced by streptozotocin as a diabetic group, and diabetic females injected either with FCA or IFNγ. At day 17 of gestation, females were euthanized and one fetus was arbitrarily selected ...
The development of trachea in fetuses on 60, 90 and 120 days of gestation and neonates of Korean native goats was investigated by microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The results were summarized as follows; Light microscopic studies: 1. In the 60-day-old fetuses, the tracheal walls were differentiated and divided into four layers of the mucosa, submucosa, muscle and cartilage, and adventitia. The tracheal epithelium is composed of stratified ciliated columnar epithelium at 60- and 90-day-old fetuses while the epithelium observed at 120-day-old fetuses was pseudostraified ciliated colummar epithelium. 2. In the 90-day-old fetuses, tracheal glands extended into the submucosa and peripheral area of the tracheal cartilage. The blood vessels were observed in the submucosa and adventitia. The elastic and collagenous fibers were observed in the tracheal walls. 3. In the neonates, the tracheal walls consisted of mucosa with well-developed folds, submucosa, tracheal glands, ...
Definition of Fetal Pig Dissection in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Fetal Pig Dissection? Meaning of Fetal Pig Dissection as a legal term. What does Fetal Pig Dissection mean in law?
A fetus in fetu can be considered alive, but only in the sense that its component tissues have not yet died or been eliminated. Thus, the life of a fetus in fetu is akin to that of a tumor in that its cells remain viable by way of normal metabolic activity. However, without the gestational conditions in utero with the amnion and placenta, a fetus in fetu can develop into, at best, an especially well differentiated teratoma; or, at worst, a high-grade metastatic teratocarcinoma. In terms of physical maturation, its organs have a working blood supply from the host, but all cases of fetus in fetu present critical defects, such as no functional brain, heart, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, or urinary tract. Accordingly, while a fetus in fetu can share select morphological features with a normal fetus, it has no prospect of any life outside of the host twin. Moreover, it poses clear threats to the life of the host twin on whom its own life depends.[4] ...
Büchler, Andrea (2008). The transplantation of human fetal brain tissue: the Swiss federal law. In: Brownsword, Roger; et al. Regulating technologies: legal futures, regulatory frames and technological fixes. Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing, 243-261. ...
Happy Easter!. More Shocking Details of FDA Purchases of Fetal Tissue - Agency Wanted Fresh, Shipped on Wet Ice Fetal Organs The sale of body parts harvested during abortions is not generally understood, certainly not the gruesome details of the transactions.. More grotesque details emerge in 575 pages of records we received from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) showing the agency spent tens of thousands of taxpayer dollars to buy human fetal tissue from California-based Advanced Bioscience Resources (ABR). The tissue was used in creating humanized mice to test biologic drug products.. This is the third set of records from our March 2019 lawsuit. We released other sets, which also include records obtained from the National Institutes of Health, in February 2020 and June 2020.. ABR, a nonprofit, human fetal tissue procurement firm, has been the subject of criminal referrals from both U.S. House and Senate committees investigating human fetal tissue trafficking and whether Planned ...
The exact cause of glucose intolerance in adults born with intrauterine growth retardation is unknown, but it may involve peripheral insulin resistance and/or abnormal pancreatic development during fetal life (16-20). To test the second hypothesis, we quantified insulin-containing cell areas in 21 human fetuses with IUGR and 15 with normal growth.. We worked on a retrospective cohort of autopsied human fetuses and newborns for whom pancreatic specimens were available (21). We selected well-preserved pancreatic specimens for our studies. Tissue preservation was checked using histological examination, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization. The two last tests produced well-correlated results and allowed us to evaluate insulin protein and mRNA expression in our specimens. Moreover, our findings in the control fetuses (2.86% mean β-cell fraction) were comparable to those obtained by others working on smaller numbers of specimens. Van Assche et al. (22) found a β-cell fraction of 2.1% in a ...
Human fetal adrenal glands are highly active and, with the placenta, regulate circulating progesterone, estrogen and corticosteroids in the fetus. At birth the adrenals are essential for neonate salt retention through secretion of aldosterone, while adequate glucocorticoids are required to prevent adrenal insufficiency. The objective of this study was to carry out the first comprehensive analysis of adrenal steroid levels and steroidogenic enzyme expression in normal second trimester human fetuses. This was an observational study of steroids, messenger RNA transcripts and proteins in adrenals from up to 109 second trimester fetuses (11 weeks to 21 weeks) at the Universities of Aberdeen and Glasgow. The study design was balanced to show effects of maternal smoking. Concentrations of 19 intra-adrenal steroids were quantified using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Pregnenolone was the most abundant steroid while levels of 17α-hydroxyprogesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) and - (Cell-free_fetal_DNA) CELL-FREE FETAL DNA DNA (cffDNA) is fetal DNA DNA circulating freely in the maternal blood stream. It can be sampled by venipuncture on the mother. Analysis of cff DNA DNA provides a method of non-invasive prenatal diagnosis and testing. Cell free fetal DNA DNA shedding into maternal bloodstream cff DNA DNA originates from the trophoblasts making up the placenta
CNS anomalies are some of the most common and clinically important congenital malformations encountered in utero. Improved detection of CNS anomalies requires a systematic survey of the cranium and spine as a part of all obstetric sonograms performed after the first trimester. Recognition of characteristic cranial findings associated with spina bifida can dramatically improve detection of small spinal defects before the time of fetal viability, even when the sonogram is performed for low-risk indications. Patients suspected to be carrying a fetus that has a cranial or spinal anomaly should ideally be referred to a tertiary center for confirmation of the defect, evaluation of possible additional anomalies, and for patient management and counseling. ...
These findings have implications beyond cardiovascular disease. The foetal stem cells travelled only to the injury site on the damaged heart, and not to other undamaged organs, meaning research on the benefit of these cells on organs damaged by other diseases would be beneficial. Importantly, a significant percentage of the foetal cells isolated from maternal hearts express a protein called Cdx2, which indicates that the cells may not have developed mature immune recognition molecules and therefore are unlikely to cause a negative immune response, which occurs in organ transplant ...
The presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was investigated in neuronal cells derived from 12 and 18 week-old human fetal brain cultures. To this purpose, the ability of bFGF to stimulate plasminogen activator (PA) production in fetal bovine aortic endothelial GM 7373 cells was used as an assay for this molecule in neuronal cell extracts. The identity of the PA-stimulating activity of neuronal cell extract with bFGF was confirmed by its high affinity for heparin and by its cross-reactivity with polyclonal antibodies to human placental bFGF. These antibodies recognized a Mr 18,000 cell-associated protein both in Western blot and in immuno-precipitation experiments. All the neurons showed bFGF immunoreactivity, as demonstrated by immunocytochemical staining, while nonneuronal cells were unstained. The data demonstrate for the first time that cultured human fetal brain neurons contain and synthesize bFGF.
Foetal brain cells. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of neurons (nerve cells) in the corpus striatum of a foetal brain. Neurons are responsible for passing information around the central nervous system (CNS). Each neuron consists of a cell body (red) surrounded by many extensions called dendrites. Dendrites collect information from other neurons or from sensory cells. Each neuron also has one process called an axon, which passes information to other neurons. The corpus striatum, which forms part of the basal ganglia deep in the cerebral hemispheres, is involved in the control of posture and movement. - Stock Image P360/0464
Although holding up signs with images of aborted fetuses on them can be effective, it is not an uncontroversial issue within the pro-life movement. In fact, National Catholic Register blogger Simcha Fisher urged attendees at this years March for Life not to bring signs that had images of aborted fetuses on them. In her column, Simcha argues that when we use pictures of real babies as a tactic or a tool, we are in danger of forgetting that these are children with an immortal soul. Souls that deserve respect.. At the same time, Simcha says bloody and shocking images have their place in the abortion debate because too many people who are pro-choice still dont know what fetuses actually look like, or what happens to them when they are aborted. Therefore, people should be exposed to the gruesome reality of abortion, but only as a weapon of last resort.. I believe Simcha is correct. Though at times it can be a useful tactic, showing pictures of tattered limbs and bloodied carcasses does ...
1. Actions of CRH on the Fetal Adrenal Gland As discussed in Chapter 3 (see Fetal Adrenal Glands), the human fetal adrenal glands are morphologically, functionally, and physiologically remarkable organs. At term, the fetal adrenal glands weigh the same as those in the adult and are similar in size to the adjacent fetal kidney. The…
More Child Essay Topics.. · Genetic factors. · Environmental factors. · Metabolic disorders. · Use of drugs. Genetic Factors Affecting Fetus And Child Development. Fetus is connected to the mother via an umbilical cord. Whatever she consumes and whatever goes into her body enters fetus as well. Any kind of genetic malignancy can alter fetus normal growth and development. There are many genetic defects that can affect fetus development. Even a single gene change can cause mutations because genes direct the normal physical, neurological, and biochemical development.. Parents with any kind of gene defect can pass this to child. The deformation in fetus may occur due to defects in single gene when only one parent carries that defect or it may be due to defective gene in both parents. When the defect is due to transfer from a single parent, it is mostly a dominant inheritance (NIH, 2004). And when it is from both parents the defect is recessive inheritance (NIH, 2004). Another kind of defect ...
The difference is one of time. A zygote becomes a fetus within about three months while it will take at least nine months to get to the state where it is referred to as a baby. That being said, it is important to recognize that fetuses are not asked to be created nor are babies asked to be born. With regards to a baby, a mother should be both legally and morally required to be the babys caretaker. If she brought a child into the world without making proper plans on how to take care of it, she has created a victim. On the other hand, a zygote, embryo and fetus must live in a biological parasitic relationship with its biological mother. Although the zygote/embryo/fetus did not ask to be born, this does not necessarily give it the right of continued existence at the mothers expense. The pregnant woman did not necessarily engage in actions to specifically create the zygote/embryo/fetus in her body, even if she did engage in unprotected consensual intercourse. That being said, I think we can ...
Plasma DNA obtained from a pregnant woman was sequenced to a depth of 270× haploid genome coverage. Comparing the maternal plasma DNA sequencing data with the parental genomic DNA data and using a series of bioinformatics filters, fetal de novo mutations were detected at a sensitivity of 85% and a positive predictive value of 74%. These results represent a 169-fold improvement in the positive predictive value over previous attempts. Improvements in the interpretation of the sequence information of every base position in the genome allowed us to interrogate the maternal inheritance of the fetus for 618,271 of 656,676 (94.2%) heterozygous SNPs within the maternal genome. The fetal genotype at each of these sites was deduced individually, unlike previously, where the inheritance was determined for a collection of sites within a haplotype. These results represent a 90-fold enhancement in the resolution in determining the fetuss maternal inheritance. Selected genomic locations were more likely to ...
Issues regarding the onset and formation of the fetal intrauterine rhythm were studied on 28 pregnant women at the gestational term of 16-28 weeks (at 16-20 weeks - 8 pregnant participants, at 21-24 weeks - 12, at 26-28 weeks - 8). The self-designed methodological approach previously employed in our investigations was entirely preserved. Analyses of daily rhythmograms were performed using the original method described above [7, 17, 19]. The results showed regular rhythms of daily fluctuations of HR in all 28 pregnant women. Sleep duration in this group was 8 hrs 32 min. The general structural characteristics and each phase of sleep were typical of those of a healthy individual.. The analysis of 24-hour CTGs of the fetus demonstrated a clear-cut daily rhythm of heart rate and locomotor activity in 21 fetuses (16-20 weeks gestation - 6 cases; 21 - 24 weeks gestation - 8 cases; 26-28 weeks gestation - 7 cases).. Just as in a full-term fetus at 16-28 weeks gestation, the fetus background ...
Goetz, Christopher G.; Penn, Richard D.; Klawans, Harold L.; Van Gilder, John E.; Fung, Christopher H.K.; Lo, James W.; Spencer, Dennis D.; Marek, Kenneth L.; Redmond, D. Eugene; Freed, Curt R.; Breeze, Robert E.; Rosenberg, Neil L.; Garry, Daniel J.; Caplan, Arthur L. (1993-11-11) ...
The immunogenesis of the human fetus has been investigated by means of the formation of immunoglobulins in vitro, immunofluorescence, morphological studies, and analysis of the immunoglobulins in the serum. Twenty fetuses which were born alive but died soon after delivery, were studied; their ages ranged from 13 to 31 weeks. The results of the spleen cultures demonstrated the synthesis of IgG and IgM, which starts at about the twentieth week of gestation. In the serum, IgM could be detected at about the same period. The immunofluorescent staining of the spleen tissue showed that medium sized and large lymphoid cells as well as plasma cells, even with Russell bodies, were positive for either IgG or IgM. The peripheral blood was also found to contain a small number of medium sized IgG and IgM-positive cells. Both the spleen and the peripheral blood showed a considerable number of fluorescent small lymphocytes which exclusively contained IgM. The relatively high ratio of IgM to IgG production ...
Histological examination of the rat placenta and fetus is uncommon. Toxicological studies mainly rely on gross examination of the fetus and on fetal and placental weights. These are often insufficient to assess the fetal and placental toxicity of xenobiotics. The small size of the fetus makes its dissection labor-intensive. Thus, our objective was to develop a simple and accurate technique to evaluate the rat fetus and placenta. Sprague-Dawley rat fetuses at gestational day 19.5 ( n = 18) and their placentas ( n = 32) were fixed in formalin. Placentas were cut transversally in the center. Fetuses were cut following a freehand whole-body serial sectioning diagram adapted from Wilsons method. Sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin-phloxine-saffron, and histomorphometry was used to measure the area of the fetal placental region (27.2 ± 1.7 mm2), including the labyrinth (22.2 ± 1.0 mm2) and the basal zone (4.8 ± 0.8 mm2). Our whole-fetus serial sectioning technique resulted in 12 precise ...
Minty, A J.; Alonso, S; Caravatti, M; and Buckingham, M E., A fetal skeletal muscle action mrna in the mouse and its identity with cardiac action mrna. (1982). Subject Strain Bibliography 1982. 4286 ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Inflammation-induced preterm birth in a murine model is associated with increases in fetal macrophages and circulating erythroid precursors. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Synonyms for Anacephalic Fetus in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Anacephalic Fetus. 1 synonym for anencephaly: anencephalia. What are synonyms for Anacephalic Fetus?
Modern ultrasound technology and economic pressure leads to female fetuses in the Ballabgarh area of northern India being aborted more often than male fetuses. Additionally, girls up to the age of five die more frequently ...
npr Oklahoma State Senate Bill 1418 outlaws the use of aborted human fetuses in food. No person or entity shall manufacture or knowingly sell food or any ot…
1899) THE AMERICAN NATURALIST. [Vol. XXXIII. 729-734 Pads On The Palm And Sole Of The Human Foetus. Roswell H. Johnson. ...
Fetal lung development ❱❱❱ reasons, symptoms, treatment ✅ BOGOLIUBY MC - Medicine of international level! Lutsk ❤ Modern methods of diagnosis ✅ To make an appointment ☎ ❱❱❱ (099) 44-55-404 ☀ Lutsk, Bogoliuby
Ivanhoe Newswire) -- For the first time ever it is shown that human fetal immune system arises from a completely different source than the adult immune system, and is more likely to tolerate than fight foreign substances in its environment.. This finding could lead to a better understanding of how newborns respond to infections and vaccines, and may explain some mysteries as to why many infants of HIV-positive mothers are not infected with the disease before birth. In addition, it could help scientists better understand how childhood allergies develop, as well as how to manage adult organ transplants.. Until now, the fetal and infant immune system had been thought to be simply an immature form of the adult system, one that responds differently because of a lack of exposure to immune threats from the environment. The new research has revealed an entirely different immune system in the fetus at mid-term that comes from a completely different set of stem cells than the adult system.. In the fetus, ...
You Got To Be Shitting Me Entry #42 January 27, 2012 By Katie Moisse | ABC News Blogs An Oklahoma bill that would ban the sale of food containing aborted human fetuses has some people wondering: What food currently contains aborted human fetuses? The bill, introduced Jan. 18 by State Sen. Ralph Shortey, prohibits the…
The findings are published July 10 in The Journal of Experimental Medicine.. In late 2015, doctors in Brazil began to notice a surge in the number of babies born with microcephaly, or unusually small heads, an indicator of neurological damage. The epidemic soon was linked to the mosquito-borne Zika virus, which was spreading through the tropical parts of the Americas. Doctors advised pregnant women to avoid mosquito bites by wearing bug spray and long-sleeved clothing, but had little other advice to offer. There were, and still are, no drugs or vaccines approved for use in pregnant women to protect them or their fetuses from Zika infection.. The developing fetus is uniquely vulnerable to damage from infection, so the body mobilizes robust defenses to keep microbes from ever reaching the fetus in the first place. The placenta is the last line of defense. Mysorekar and others have shown that a process known as autophagy - the cellular waste-disposal pathway by which cells grind up debris, unwanted ...
Ive argued before that the I dont want that fetus in my uterus argument is akin to a kidnapper arguing that he has a right to kill his hostage because shes in the trunk of his car. The womans sexual activity, after all, put the fetus there in the first place. And abortion advocates have cried foul, saying that the sex act, unlike the kidnapping, was intended for other purposes, and the fetus sort of sneaked. But in this case, the couple put the twins there at great trouble and expense. So its more akin to a kidnapper killing the prostitute in his trunk on the grounds that he found out she was actually a transvestite and hed wanted to rape a woman, not a man ...
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I referred to the fetus as both a fetus and a child, because the point Im trying to make is that if your conception of humanity is like mine, it doesnt matter what you call it. I can think of a fetus before a certain age as a child and be completely ok with aborting it. Yes, fetuses of different ages can survive outside of the womb depending on the circumstances they are in, but there is a certain age before which they ABSOLUTELY can not survive outside the womb (without being frozen), no matter the technology available. As for fetuses having brain waves, this does not change my argument. Brain waves do not indicate consciousness, perception, or self-awareness. People in comas, for example, still have brain waves. I compare an early-stage fetus to a tumor because like a tumor, it is incapable of surviving outside the host body. Like a tumor, it is made of living cells and the DNA of its host. There actually have been cases in which fetuses are embedded in their twins and become tumors, and ...
New Scientist 1 Nov 97. HUMAN fetuses cannot feel pain at the stage in pregnancy when most abortions are carried out, according to a panel of British experts. The panel, set up by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, says that pain is impossible for the first 26 weeks of pregnancy-roughly the first two-thirds of gestation. But this conclusion has raised concern among some scientists, who argue that pain may be felt earlier. In Britain and the US, more than 90 per cent of all terminations are carried out in the first 14 weeks. It is not until 12 weeks later, the report says, that pain becomes possible, after the development of key nerve connections from primitive midbrain structures to the brains cortex. The authors write: Awareness is a cortical phenomenon. It follows that fetal awareness of pain is impossible until the time that sensory connections first penetrate the cortex. To avoid any chance of fetuses suffering pain, the report recommends that doctors consider using ...
Question - Pregnant, scan showed presence of twin fetus, one with heart beat and another without, want to know time period of miscarriage. Advice? . Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Miscarriage, Ask an OBGYN, Maternal and Fetal Medicine
Indias widening gender gap is being blamed on illegal sex determination practices in the country. The abortion of female fetuses is rife, AFP reports. Twe
Abortion doctors in the Indian town of Beed, Maharashtra, are allegedly feeding female fetuses to dogs to cover up the scale of female feticide by parents who prefer male babies.
The 4D scans of 15 healthy fetuses, by Durham and Lancaster Universities, also suggest that yawning is a developmental process which could potentially give doctors another index of a fetus...
The purpose of this paper is to review the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the fetus and to propose future techniques and applications. Institutional review board approved MR images of the fetus were acquired in 66 patients with sonographically suspected fetal abnormalities. Axial, corona …
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Foetus in the uterus. Artwork from William Hunters Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus, published 1774, showing a 5-month-old foetus in the uterus.
Garbhadhana (pregnancy), Pumsavana (rite celebrating the fetus, many translate it as quickening a male fetus), Simantonnayana ( ... Quickening the fetus rite, Pumsavana[edit]. Pumsavana (IAST: puṃsavana, Sanskrit: पुंसवन) is a composite word of Pums + savana ... The ceremony celebrates the rite of passage of the developing fetus, marking the stage where the baby begins to kick as a ... "quickening a male fetus, bringing forth a male baby".[41] It is a ritual conducted when the pregnancy begins to show, typically ...
Follow-up on fetus[edit]. In addition to regular prenatal care, prenatal aneuploidy screening based on maternal age, nuchal ... In vanishing twin pregnancies with a second gestational sac with a dead fetus, first trimester screening should be based solely ...
The stress that the mother experiences affects the fetus and the fetus' growth which can include the fetus' nervous system ( ... Insulin secretion in fetus starts around 12th week of gestation. Nutrition[edit]. The fetus passes through 3 phases of ... Cocaine use results in a smaller brain, which results in learning disabilities for the fetus. Cocaine puts the fetus at a ... Maternal alcohol use leads to disruptions of the fetus's brain development, interferes with the fetus's cell development and ...
Initiation of production in fetuses[edit]. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is released from hypothalamus by 6 - 8 weeks, ... adequate levels of maternal thyroid hormone are vital in order to ensure thyroid hormone availability for the fetus and its ... Fetal self-sufficiency of thyroid hormones protects the fetus against e.g. brain development abnormalities caused by maternal ...
The stress that the mother experiences affects the fetus and the fetus' growth which can include the fetus' nervous system ( ... Development of the fetus[edit]. Further information: Fetus § Development. Fetal development is the third of the three stages of ... Cocaine use results in a smaller brain, which results in learning disabilities for the fetus. Cocaine puts the fetus at a ... Maternal alcohol use leads to disruptions of the fetus's brain development, interferes with the fetus's cell development and ...
Structure in fetus[edit]. In the fetus, the internal iliac artery is twice as large as the external iliac, and is the direct ...
Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn[edit]. Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is typically mild but rarely may ...
Fetus and neonate[edit]. *Ghrelin is produced early by the fetal lung and promotes lung growth.[64] ...
At the time of hatching, the fetus becomes detached from the chorion as it emerges from the shell. ... the chorion is one of the fetal membranes that exist during pregnancy between the developing fetus and mother. The chorion and ...
... creating a second arena for conflict between the mother and the fetus. The fetus will have a lower quality cut off point for ... A tripartite (fetus-mother-father) immune conflict in humans and other placentals[edit]. Further information: Microchimerism ... There is also conflict over blood supply to the placenta, with the fetus being prepared to demand a larger blood supply than is ... 1.6 A tripartite (fetus-mother-father) immune conflict in humans and other placentals ...
Additional protection for pregnant women, human fetuses, and neonates[edit]. The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services ... If a study cannot be approved by these conditions but offers great potential for the health of pregnant women, fetuses, or ... For research on pregnant women and fetuses, condition topics include preclinical risk studies, minimizing risk, no money (or ... There are also specific conditions for research involving post-delivery placenta, dead fetus, or fetal material. These require ...
Pig fetus.. Footnotes[edit]. *^ Colin P. Groves (1995). "On the nomenclature of domestic animals" (PDF). Bulletin of Zoological ...
"Fetus Completus". Helaine Head. Steven Bochco & David E. Kelley & Jacob Epstein & William M. Finkelstein. March 3, 1988 (1988- ...
"Fetus" (September 14, 2018) "Trashworld" (September 27, 2018) "Slushy" (October 10, 2018) "Selfie" (October 25, 2018) "Billy" ( ... ". "Fetus". "Trashworld". "Slushy". "Selfie". "Billy". "HOT ON THE SCENE". "Silly D". "Condom With No Cum". ...
A variant hemoglobin, called fetal hemoglobin (HbF, α2γ2), is found in the developing fetus, and binds oxygen with greater ...
... "fetus" is used. The term "infant" is typically applied to young children under one year of age; however, definitions may vary ...
It consisted of him cooking and eating what is alleged to be a human fetus. The picture, circulated on the internet via e-mail ... It was intended as "shock art". Snopes and other urban legend sites have said the "fetus" used by Zhu Yu was most likely ... June 19, 2001). "Fetus Feast. Urban Legends Reference Pages. Retrieved July 8, 2006. Berghuis 2006, p. 163. Davis 2009, p. 729 ... Other images from another art exhibit were falsely circulated along with Zhu Yu's photos and claimed to be evidence of fetus ...
The fetus is said to suffer from acrania if it meets the following criteria: the foetus should have a perfectly normal facial ... Acrania is a rare congenital disorder that occurs in the human fetus in which the flat bones in the cranial vault are either ... This abnormality appears during the beginning or end of the fourth week of the fetus's development. An absence of the skull is ... During the fourth week of human development the neuropore in a normally developing fetus closes. When this process is either ...
June 19, 2001). "Fetus Feast. Meredith Sands and Ziyang Wu Exhibition. New York Art Beat. Retrieved July 8, 2006. Sarah Cascone ...
"Dying Fetus Chart History (Independent Albums)". Billboard. "Dying Fetus Chart History (Top Hard Rock Albums)". Billboard. " ... Descend into Depravity is the sixth studio album by Dying Fetus. It was released in the United States on September 15, 2009, ... "Dying Fetus - Descend into Depravity". Retrieved 19 January 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) ... "Dying Fetus Chart History (Heatseekers Albums)". Billboard. Descend into Depravity at AllMusic. ...
"FORMER FETUS 4 - a rock opera" "The Freshmen" by The Verve Pipe (1997) A song about a girl who commits suicide as a result of ... In the first song ("Due in June"), the fetus asks to be aborted, then changes its mind and asks to be born in the second song ... "Have Me" by Jerry Blackwell (2008) A song written from the perspective of a fetus asking not to be aborted on the basis of its ... "I Want to Live" by The Right Brothers (2006) A song sung from the perspective of a fetus urging the young woman carrying it to ...
"Dying Fetus". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-07-17. Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Ebony Tears". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-07-19. Ankeny, Jason ...
Whether the fetus is in the period of viability may have legal ramifications as far as the fetus' rights of protection are ... Some allow doctors to decide for themselves if the fetus is viable. Some require doctors to perform tests to prove a fetus is ... "nonviable fetus". Medical Dictionary. Retrieved May 21, 2019. "Non-Viable Fetus Law and Legal Definition". USLegal. Retrieved ... According to the McGraw-Hill medical dictionary a nonviable fetus is "an expelled or delivered fetus which, although living, ...
... (Aymara sullu miscarried (fetus), Quechua sullu miscarriage; unborn fetus; key for doors or boxes, Hispanicized ...
"Dying Fetus". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-12-20. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Mueller, Chelsea (February 9, 2006). "Ed ...
Fetus Magazine. Mock Views: The Death of a Great Pope The New Faces of Puerto Rican Lesbian Activism Puerto Ricans must address ... ". "Twin reversed arterial perfusion syndrome, acephalic presenting at full term". Fetus Magazine. 2 June 1994. "Mock Views: ...
Goat fetus. Goat scrotal sac. Goat uterus. Goat racing Butcher, Edmund (editor). "Current Status". ...
The etymologically correct original spelling fetus reflects the Latin original and is the standard spelling in medical journals ... fetus, n.". OED Online. March 2017. Oxford University Press. ( ...
... (Aymara sullu miscarried (fetus), Quechua sullu miscarriage; unborn fetus; key for doors or boxes, the ...
Shrinker Dying Fetus Elysia Embalmer Embodyment Epidemic Epoch of Unlight Evoken Exhumed The Faceless From a Second Story ... "Dying Fetus". Allmusic. Retrieved July 17, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Elysia". Allmusic ...
Fetus in fetu (or foetus in foetu) is a developmental abnormality in which a mass of tissue resembling a fetus forms inside the ... Fetus in fetu may be a parasitic twin fetus growing within its host twin. Very early in a monozygotic twin pregnancy, in which ... Accordingly, while a fetus in fetu can share select morphological features with a normal fetus, it has no prospect of any life ... There are two theories of origin concerning "fetus in fetu". One theory is that the mass begins as a normal fetus but becomes ...
fetus, term used to describe the unborn offspring in the uterus of vertebrate animals after the embryonic stage (see embryo [1 ... Fetuses expelled before that period are not viable and are termed either a miscarriage or an abortion. A dead fetus delivered ... The abortion of a fetus continues to be an emotional debate that involves the rights of the fetus and the mother.. ... fe·tus / ˈfētəs/ • n. (pl. -tus·es ) an unborn offspring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks ...
A brief treatment of the fetus follows. For more information on the human fetus, see pregnancy. Biologists arbitrarily speak of ... Fetus, the unborn young of any vertebrate animal, particularly of a mammal, after it has attained the basic form and structure ... Expulsion of a dead fetus thereafter is considered a stillbirth and of a living fetus a premature birth. Postmature birth is ... Leonardo da Vinci: pen-and-ink studies of human fetusHuman fetus, pen-and-ink studies by Leonardo da Vinci, c. 1510.. ...
Fetuss channel here - Check out my main channel here - https://www. ... Please go and sub to Space_Fetuss channel here - Check out my main channel here - ...
... As it turns out, constant pressure may put your baby at risk. ...
What the fetus feels.. Br Med J 1980; 280 doi: (Published 26 January 1980) Cite this ...
... the woman accused of strangling a pregnant woman and cutting the fetus out of her body, appeared in federal court Monday. ... The woman who allegedly strangled an expectant mother and cut the fetus out of her womb was arraigned on Monday before a packed ... cutting out the fetus and taking the baby back to Kansas. She is accused of trying to pass the child off as her own to family ...
Fetus definition, (used chiefly of viviparous mammals) the young of an animal in the womb or egg, especially in the later ... fetus fe·tus (fētəs). n. pl. fe·tus·es *. The unborn young of a viviparous vertebrate having a basic structural resemblance to ... Word Origin and History for fetus Expand. n. late 14c., "the young while in the womb or egg," from Latin fetus (often, ... They hold signs depicting a fetus with a hanging umbilical cord. Abortion in Missouri Is the Wait of a Lifetime Justin Glawe ...
Tremblay T, Gaudreau C, Lorange M. Epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibilities of 111 Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus ... Campylobacter fetus bloodstream infection: risk factors and clinical features. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008;27:185-9. ... Campylobacter fetus infections. MédMal Infect. 2014;44:167-73. ... Campylobacter fetus infections in humans: exposure and disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;58:1579-86. ...
A boy has been born in Chile with a fetus in his stomach in what doctors said was a rare case of "fetus in fetu" in which one ... If there is a God, and if He is busy infusing every fetus with something special, then its difficult to imagine what he was ... Regardless of your political stance on abortion, I think we can all come together and agree that this fetus should be ... 15 in the southern city of Temuco and noticed the 4-inch-long fetus inside the boys abdomen. ...
Fetus Lagoonunknown. A body of water consisting primarily of the unwanted fetal remains, usually gathered/stolen from abortion ... The murky waters of the Fetus Lagoon provides an abundance of food for the native fauna. ...
ass fetus. a baby that subsides within the human male's rectum. Caused by unprotected anal sex with other men. Results in ...
Studies of the Fetus in the Womb are two colored annotated sketches by Leonardo da Vinci made in 1510-1512/13. The studies ... Da Vinci studied human embryology with the help of anatomist Marcantonio della Torre and saw the fetus within a cadaver. The ... "Leonardo da Vincis Embryological Drawings of the Fetus". The Embryo Project Encyclopedia. Retrieved 6 Aug 2015. Leonardo (da ... the supposed arrangement of abdominal muscles on the top right and fetus from different angles. The tablet at the top contains ...
Fetus 3D Model available on Turbo Squid, the worlds leading provider of digital 3D models for visualization, films, television ... Highly detailed model of a fetus.. Fetus and umbilical cord are 2 separate objects.. mb, max, and obj format.. Contains 3 ...
... a friend of the fetus kidnapping and murder victim Bobbie Jo Stinnett, spoke to ,b,The Early Show,/b, about the family thats ...
Air pollution can penetrate a pregnant womans placenta and potentially threaten the health of a developing fetus, new research ... Smog Particles Can Reach Developing Fetus: Study. By Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter. TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News ... "And that the fetus is completely safe inside the womb.". But in the 1960s, the thalidomide crisis shattered that belief, she ... Still, the new findings underscore a basic fact: that a mothers environment is also the fetus environment. And the placenta ...
Descend into Depravity is the sixth studio album by Dying Fetus, released on September 15, 2009. Discover more music, concerts ... Listen free to Dying Fetus - Descend Into Depravity (Your Treachery Will Die WIth You, Shepherds Commandment and more). 8 ... Descend into Depravity is the sixth studio album by Dying Fetus, released on September 15, 2009. ...
In the Nov. 10 SN: Real benefits of virtual therapy, monkey malaria in humans, round electrons disappoint, mouse pups with two dads, bats hover techniques, Europas icy spikes, a vampire burial and more. ...
Scientists can sequence the entire genome of a fetus from small pieces of fetal DNA in a pregnant woman's blood and pick ... Scientists can sequence the entire genome of a fetus from small pieces of fetal DNA in a pregnant womans blood and pick up ... Scientists can sequence the entire genome of a fetus from small pieces of fetal DNA in a pregnant womans blood and pick up ... Scientists can sequence the entire genome of a fetus from small pieces of fetal DNA in a pregnant womans blood and pick up ...
MediaFire is a simple to use free service that lets you put all your photos, documents, music, and video in a single place so you can access them anywhere and share them everywhere.
More than 500 women took part in the study, which included a questionnaire filled out on the day of delivery, as well as analysis of Apgar scores.. The researchers found that snoring increased significantly during pregnancy. Twenty-three per cent of the women reported that their snoring had become habitual during the week before delivery. Fourteen per cent of the women who snored habitually had pregnancy-induced hypertension, compared with only 6% of the nonfrequent snorers. In addition, sleep apnea was found in 11% of the women who snored habitually. Among the less frequent snorers, this condition was observed in just 2% of the women. Ten percent of the frequent snorers met the medical criteria for pre-eclampsia. Only 4% of the less frequent snorers met the criteria. In particular, edema was found to be much more prevalent among snorers than nonsnorers. Fifty-two per cent of the women who snored habitually had edema of the legs, feet, hands or face, compared with 30% of the studys other ...
Stowaway DNA which seeps from fetuses to their mothers may raise their risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, and dads may be ... A pregnant woman exchanges cells with a fetus while it is in the womb. "For most women, the fetal cells clear up shortly after ...
Biology, Fetuses and Politics. One of my best friends just had his first kid. Im almost 25, and theres something strange ... that fetuses feel pain can and should be used by pro-lifers to argue that abortion is therefore wrong. serves the pro-choices ... With embryos/fetuses, it would make sense that there is some threshold at which any response to painful stimuli can be measured ... Obviously, the question of whether or not fetuses feel pain is a loaded political question: the existence of fetal pain is one ...
Home The Chimera Fetus Sculpture: A Strange But Cool Gift Chimera-fetus ...
Fetus as Person Initiative Approved by Mississippi Judge By Lauri Lebo Anti-abortion organization wants definition of life ...
This first ever American LP issue of Fetus [1971], the seminal debut album by Franco Battiato - a venerable grand maestro of ... With Fetus, Battiato riffs on themes of genetic engineering in eight succinct (especially for prog!) songs inspired by Aldous ... With Fetus, Battiato riffs on themes of genetic engineering in eight succinct (especially for prog!) songs inspired by Aldous ... One of the first ever electronic records released in Italy, Fetus is widely considered one of his finest moments, capturing a ...
... Chris Hill chris at Sat Feb 22 06:53:16 EST 1997 *Previous message: fetus as person ... A conceptus early develops two major components; , embryoblast (most of which becomes fetus) and trophoblast (which becomes , ... fetus, and baby. , If any or all of these criteria were used to define personhood in , constructing the argument for a ... extraembryonic membranes, placenta, and umbilical cord). The , fetus...becomes a newborn...when it has come out of the mother; ...
... the fetus reaches a length of about 6 inches, makes active movements, and makes sucking motions with the mouth. ... At week 16, the fetus reaches a length of about 6 inches, makes active movements, and makes sucking motions with the mouth. ...
In many states, the terms of the debate have changed to the fetus itself -- with requirements for ultrasounds or restrictions ... Reframing The Abortion Debate: Focus On Fetus More than a dozen new laws have passed this year restricting abortion. In many ... Reframing The Abortion Debate: Focus On Fetus. Listen · 4:28 4:28 ... Reframing The Abortion Debate: Focus On Fetus. Listen · 4:28 4:28 ...
A fetus at 10 weeks of development has fully formed eyelids and well-formed digits and ears. ... A fetus at 10 weeks of development has fully formed eyelids and well-formed digits and ears. ...
  • If the fetus is expelled before 36 weeks of gestation are completed, it often can survive outside the womb, but artificial assistance, such as intravenous feedings and strict maintainance of the ambient temperature, may be needed during the remainder of its normal developmental period. (
  • fetus The term used for the developing individual in the womb, by convention when it ceases to be called an embryo after about the first two months. (
  • If expulsion occurs before the fetus has reached a stage of development advanced enough to allow it to live outside the womb (20 to 22 weeks), it is known as a spontaneous abortion or miscarriage . (
  • The woman who allegedly strangled an expectant mother and cut the fetus out of her womb was arraigned on Monday before a packed courtroom. (
  • the young while in the womb or egg," from Latin fetus (often, incorrectly, foetus ) "the bearing, bringing forth, or hatching of young," from Latin base *fe- "to generate, bear," also "to suck, suckle" (see fecund ). (
  • Studies of the Fetus in the Womb are two colored annotated sketches by Leonardo da Vinci made in 1510-1512/13. (
  • And that the fetus is completely safe inside the womb. (
  • A pregnant woman exchanges cells with a fetus while it is in the womb. (
  • The mummy shows signs of an ancient surgical procedure that doctors carried out while the fetus was in the womb, the researchers said. (
  • All of these characteristics "strongly suggest a case of embryotomy," which was a procedure of removing a fetus from the womb, D'Anastasio Italy, told Live Science. (
  • Inside the womb, their fetus was lulled to sleep by another rendition of that dumb Robin Hood song. (
  • By the twentieth week, the heartbeat can be heard through a stethoscope and at twenty-four weeks, the fetus can survive outside the womb if placed in an intensive care unit. (
  • In a case that drew international attention last year, Canada's Supreme Court ruled that a woman who shot her fetus in the womb had not committed a crime because a fetus is not a person. (
  • If the fetus is born, it is outside the womb and relatively independent of the mother. (
  • If the fetus is unborn, it is inside the womb, part of the mother's body, and therefore dependent on the mother and subject to her decisions. (
  • The fetus inside the womb is actually called an embryo four weeks after it comes into existence. (
  • We were very careful and made sure that the light was bright enough to enter the womb but not too bright as to be unpleasant or aversive for the fetus," Reid said. (
  • Furthermore, a for a time after conception a fetus cannot live outside the womb. (
  • Her fetus, already named Iver Cohen Benson, has continued to grow in the womb. (
  • Fetal viability refers to a point in fetal development at which the fetus may survive outside the womb. (
  • The odd tattoo has been designed and placed in a way that it really looks as if you are looking at an x-ray image of a skeletal fetus inside of her womb. (
  • Fetus in fetu is a rare condition in which a fetus becomes enveloped by its twin in the womb. (
  • Scientists can sequence the entire genome of a fetus from small pieces of fetal DNA in a pregnant woman's blood and pick up disorders inherited from the mom-to-be, the dad-to-be or from brand new mutations. (
  • Obviously, the question of whether or not fetuses feel pain is a loaded political question: the existence of fetal pain is one of the more popular arguments used by abortion opponents. (
  • In many states, the terms of the debate have changed to the fetus itself -- with requirements for ultrasounds or restrictions based on "fetal pain. (
  • By separating fetuses from the fetal environment, they make women into enemies of the fetus. (
  • At the start of the fetal stage, the fetus is typically about 30 millimetres (1.2 in) in length from crown-rump, and weighs about 8 grams. (
  • Fetal factors include the fetus genome, nutrient production, and hormone output. (
  • The placenta attaches a fetus to a woman's uterine wall, bringing maternal blood vessels close to fetal vessels. (
  • Although the placenta also contains a special protective filter, or barrier, some potentially negative factors can pass from maternal into fetal blood, possibly harming the fetus. (
  • A mother's age can also affect the fetus, with older women at increased risk of fetal problems. (
  • ref5) Drinking any alcohol during pregnancy can put the fetus at risk of problems called 'Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders,' which can be moderate to severe. (
  • ref1p145-6) Illegal drugs such as heroin are especially damaging during the early stages of pregnancy, but might also harm the fetus later in development, slowing fetal growth and causing premature birth or, in rare cases, fetal death. (
  • Fetuses expelled before that period are not viable and are termed either a miscarriage or an abortion. (
  • Regardless of your political stance on abortion, I think we can all come together and agree that this fetus should be terminated . (
  • Regarding the terms "fetus," "abortion" or "embryo" - no, my English translations do not include these words. (
  • Postcards picturing the severed head of an aborted fetus and urging residents to call federal and state lawmakers to protest legalized abortion were delivered Saturday to thousands of local homes. (
  • Abortion advocates strongly oppose giving legal rights or protections to the fetus because such recognition might lead to restrictions on the medical termination of pregnancies. (
  • Assigning any rights at all to a fetus has the potential to take away from a woman's right to an abortion,' said Kim Luton of the Canadian Abortion Rights League. (
  • But a group of Roman Catholic and Protestant groups that oppose abortion have entered the case on Ryan's behalf, arguing that a fetus is a person with rights separate from those of its mother. (
  • Although laws criminalizing abortion were lifted in 1988, no federal statute regulates the procedure or spells out the legal status of a fetus. (
  • WASHINGTON - Health care experts and abortion rights advocates expressed doubts Friday about a Bush administration proposal to define a fetus as an "unborn child" so state insurance programs can pay for prenatal care for some low-income women. (
  • Some abortion rights advocates have said they fear the proposal is a "back-door" attempt to create a legal precedent for recognizing a fetus as a person. (
  • Abortion rights activists called the administration's efforts a sleight-of-hand maneuver to alter the legal status of a fetus. (
  • In both the mainstream media and the pro-abortion movement, fetuses are future humans being knit together in a woman's body. (
  • This week, the Kansas legislature passed a similar bill that would ban abortion at 22 weeks, on the same premise that the fetus can feel pain at that point. (
  • Republican proponents of the move argue it is needed because there is currently no consequence for injuring a fetus, but this argument is dismissed by critics who say the bill is no more than an attempt to undermine federal abortion law. (
  • Democratic opponents say the real reasoning behind the legislation is to define a fetus as a person in federal statutes in a broad step aimed at overturning Roe vs. Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court decision that made abortion legal nationwide.The measure could be considered by the full House as early as February. (
  • It was accompanied by a message on official state letterhead in which Black graphically describes what happens to a fetus during an abortion. (
  • As you may know, Barack Obama is the candidate of Change, and some anti-abortion people interrupted the beginning of his Change speech to to heckle him for Changing living fetuses into trashcan filler. (
  • Shocked yes, but not surprised…To put it bluntly, legalizing abortion at will transformed fetuses in the minds of at least half the population into a killable caste-akin to a tumor or a vial of tainted blood-that can be destroyed at will (except in the latest stage of pregnancy, and in the USA, often even then). (
  • Already, there are 163 million "missing" girls and women due to abortion of female fetuses or infanticide, and even if they were to stop instantly tomorrow, it would take until 2050 for the global gender ratios to balance out. (
  • Abortion opponents long ago slapped their brand on the fetus, parading giant graphic images of fetuses in marches and now calling for laws mandating pictures of fetuses inside a woman's body via sonograms - sometimes even broadcasting them live in anti-abortion campaigns. (
  • A new realignment of anti-abortion and pro-choice positions may be needed to control the toxic mess that is harming fetuses and the future health of humans. (
  • The fetus can be alive at the beginning of the dismemberment process and can survive for a time while its limbs are being torn off'" ("Dismemberment Abortion Ban in Kansas Leads 2015 Pro-Life Legislative Agenda,", Jan. 14). (
  • The fetus, in many cases, dies just as a human adult or child would" ("Oklahoma House passes Unborn Child Protection from Dismemberment Abortion Act by a vote of 84-2," Dave Andrusko,, Feb. 27). (
  • Opponents denounced the bill, adopted on a vote of 61 to 38, as an effort to undermine the constitutional right to abortion by recognizing the fetus as a person. (
  • Moreover, some state laws treat dead fetuses as murder victims if a feticide that was caused by means other than abortion. (
  • Infertility in cattle and abortion in sheep are common outcomes of infection associated with C. fetus subspecies venerealis and C. fetus subspecies fetus, respectively. (
  • Very early in a monozygotic twin pregnancy, in which both fetuses share a common placenta, one fetus wraps around and envelops the other. (
  • TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution can penetrate a pregnant woman's placenta and potentially threaten the health of a developing fetus , new research warns. (
  • In the early part of the 20th century, the placenta was considered an impenetrable barrier to substances that might harm the fetus. (
  • Now, we know the placenta is permeable, allowing toxic chemicals, along with drugs, alcohol and viruses to reach the developing fetus with negative effects. (
  • The genitalia of the fetus starts to form and placenta becomes fully functional during week 9. (
  • Some prescription drugs that can cross the placenta might also have negative effects on the fetus. (
  • It crosses into the placenta and, since the fetus has an immature metabolism, the breakdown of caffeine takes exponentially longer. (
  • Descend into Depravity is the sixth studio album by Dying Fetus , released on September 15, 2009. (
  • RIVERS OF NIHIL will embark on a North American tour this March and April with Dying Fetus in support of their third full-length, Where Owls Know My Name, set for release on March 16th via Metal Blade Records. (
  • Once again, Relapse continues to play their cards right, signing up another young, crushing talent in Dying Fetus. (
  • Destroy The Opposition may be the quartet's fourth album, but it's their first to receive full-on worldwide distribution (the previous three were released on the band's own Blunt Force Records and distributed in Europe through Morbid Records), and it's about damn time Dying Fetus are getting the exposure they so rightfully deserve, as the album's their most honed effort yet. (
  • The two female fetuses, between 5 and 7 months in gestational age, were found in King Tut's tomb in Luxor when it was discovered in 1922. (
  • Also, female fetuses tend to weigh less than males, at full term. (
  • fetus strains isolated in Quebec, Canada, from 1983 to 2000. (
  • They hold signs depicting a fetus with a hanging umbilical cord. (
  • Da Vinci theorized that the umbilical cord was responsible for taking the fetus' urine outside of the uterus. (
  • Fetus and umbilical cord are 2 separate objects. (
  • For more information on the human fetus, see pregnancy . (
  • Whatever interrupts the pregnancy causes the death of the fetus . (
  • A boy has been born in Chile with a fetus in his stomach in what doctors said was a rare case of "fetus in fetu" in which one twin becomes trapped inside another during pregnancy and continues to grow inside it. (
  • In the Bible there are a great number of references to pregnancy and specifically to the fetus. (
  • Ultrasound examinations during pregnancy expose the fetus to a sound as loud as that made by a subway train coming into a station, say US researchers. (
  • Lateral view of the fetus at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy. (
  • Lateral view of the fetus during the ninth month of the third trimester of pregnancy. (
  • Full term fetus: Crowding of abdominal contents late in pregnancy. (
  • In 1973's Roe vs. Wade case, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that women have a right to abort a pregnancy until the time a fetus is "viable," or capable of living on its own. (
  • They also looked separately at use during the first trimester of pregnancy, when risks to the developing fetus are highest. (
  • But the Senate rejected on a vote of 50 to 49 her amendment that would have allowed criminals to be charged with a second offense for harming a fetus or terminating a woman's pregnancy without granting new legal status to the fetus. (
  • Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause problems for the fetus. (
  • Fetus in fetu, which occurs very early within a pregnancy, results when instead of separating, one fetus becomes trapped inside the other one. (
  • Once a woman becomes pregnant, caffeine can have a very adverse effect upon the pregnancy and the fetus. (
  • Fetus in fetu (or foetus in foetu ) is a developmental abnormality in which a mass of tissue resembling a fetus forms inside the body. (
  • Fetus , also spelled foetus , the unborn young of any vertebrate animal , particularly of a mammal , after it has attained the basic form and structure typical of its kind. (
  • fetus, term used to describe the unborn offspring in the uterus of vertebrate animals after the embryonic stage (see embryo ). (
  • Sir, you indicate that in the Bible "there's no reference to an embryo or fetus. (
  • At eight weeks, the embryo is a full-formed, tiny baby, now called a fetus. (
  • The offspring is called an embryo until the end of the eighth week, after which it is a fetus. (
  • A human embryo starts to be called a fetus at nine weeks. (
  • plural fetuses, feti, foetuses, or foeti) is the unborn offspring of an animal that develops from an embryo. (
  • Prenatal development is a continuum, with no clear defining feature distinguishing an embryo from a fetus. (
  • Crawley's case, while setting no precedent, has emerged at the center of a new debate over the legal status of a fetus and whether children are helped or hurt by punishing their mothers for drug abuse. (
  • So, back to dead fetuses as heating fuel in the UK: We should be shocked! (
  • It requires doctors do an ultrasound and provide a detailed description of the fetus. (
  • Fasotec, a Chiba-shi, Japan-based digital modeling company that serves industries ranging from auto-part manufacturing to health-care education, will create a replica of a fetus in a mother's body based on ultrasound or MRI scans. (
  • Neither adults nor fetuses can hear ultrasound waves because they vibrate at too high a frequency for our ears to detect them. (
  • A 4-D ultrasound of a fetus tracking the stimulus during the research. (
  • Scientists then measured how the fetus responded using high-quality, 4D ultrasound. (
  • And while fetuses' eyes are likely to be closed most of the time, the ultrasound scans often showed them blinking. (
  • To test the possible link, they used high-quality ultrasound on 28 pregnant medical residents in their third trimester and observed how the fetuses reacted to the sounds of cellphones ringing and beepers beeping when attached at the hip to the mothers' scrubs (ie, close to the babies' heads). (
  • A dead fetus delivered in the third trimester is termed stillborn. (
  • Using samples from a mother and father, researchers for the first time determined the entire genome of a fetus, perhaps ushering in a time when parents know a child's complete DNA blueprint months before birth, The New York Times reports . (
  • In Latin, fetus sometimes was transferred figuratively to the newborn creature itself, or used in a sense of "offspring, brood" (cf. (
  • A fetus may begin thumb-sucking during the fifth month and in the sixth, the fetus gains the grasping reflex, which is familiar in newborn babies. (
  • THE Committee on Fetus and Newborn and consultants met in Chicago, Illinois, on October 23, 1965, to consider the problem of decontamination of fomites in neonatal units to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections. (
  • If you're pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant, talk to your doctor about how best to protect your fetus and help ensure a healthy newborn. (
  • If a pregnant woman becomes malnourished, the fetus might not get sufficient nutrients or other factors, slowing its growth and possibly resulting in an underdeveloped newborn. (
  • South Carolina is the only state where, by law, a fetus able to live outside its mother's body is considered a person with legal rights. (
  • If so, the state can also define a fetus as a child under the law which makes it a crime to "endanger" or "neglect any child or helpless person" in a person's custody, the court ruled. (
  • Washington, Jan. 21--(UPI) The U.S. House Judiciary Committee approved a bill Wednesday that would make it illegal to harm a fetus during the commission of a federal crime. (
  • Poor nutrition because of excessive vomiting can harm the woman and the fetus, she said. (
  • Scientific studies show exposure to toxic chemicals found in everyday products may increase the risk of harm to the developing fetus. (
  • Despite evidence of harm to the fetus from toxic chemical exposure, Congress hasn't updated the nation's chemical law for more than 30 years. (
  • The Senate approved legislation on Thursday making it a separate offense to harm the fetus in a federal crime committed against a pregnant woman, sending the measure to President Bush for his signature. (
  • Maternal factors include maternal weight, body mass index, nutritional state, emotional stress, toxin exposure (including tobacco, alcohol, heroin, and other drugs which can also harm the fetus in other ways), and uterine blood flow. (
  • Campylobacter fetus infections in humans: exposure and disease. (
  • And even though fetuses are now afforded the disposition rights of humans, they still don't have other rights of personhood -including, for example, the right to life. (
  • Subspecies of C. fetus commonly causes reproductive disease in ruminants and gastrointestinal disease in humans. (
  • Disease in humans occurs through zoonotic transmission of C. fetus mainly via ingestion of contaminated food or water sources. (
  • C. fetus subspecies fetus is a zoonotic pathogen that has been reported to cause disease in immunocompromised humans. (
  • The justices in 1973 stopped short, however, of calling the unborn fetus a person at any stage. (
  • West, and her unborn fetus, on the morning of November 18, 2005, outside of their apartment complex. (
  • A grand jury originally indicted Appellant for the capital murder of West and her unborn fetus by shooting West with a firearm. (
  • SALT LAKE CITY, Oct. 13 (UPI) -- A 17-year-old Utah girl was released from jail after a judge ruled she had not attempted murder when she paid a man to beat her to kill her late-term fetus. (
  • The legality of prosecutions such as Crawley's in South Carolina had been in doubt until October, when the state Supreme Court--on a 3-2 vote--ruled that a late-term fetus was covered by the traditional child endangerment law. (
  • Such cancer -causing agents can mix with the oxygen and nutrients that feed a developing fetus. (
  • Plant estrogens, such as that found in soy, can have profound detrimental effects on a developing fetus. (
  • If you're pregnant or thinking of having a baby, you might want to take a look at some new research on the effects of plant estrogens, such as that found in soy, on a developing fetus. (
  • Handing out plastic fetus dolls to third, fourth, and fifth graders, I have to say, was never a worry on my radar. (
  • RICHMOND -- A Republican lawmaker infuriated Democrats Wednesday by sending members of the Senate pink plastic fetus dolls with a letter asking, ``Would you kill this child? (
  • Thus, the life of a fetus in fetu is akin to that of a tumor in that its cells remain viable by way of normal metabolic activity. (
  • This case involves the murder of a young pregnant woman and her fetus, which was viable at the time of her death. (
  • South Carolina is the only state to have broadly interpreted its child endangerment law to cover a "viable fetus. (
  • South Carolina Atty. Gen. Charles Condon has campaigned on the theme that a "viable fetus is a fellow South Carolinian," and entitled to legal protection. (
  • There is no sharp limit of development, age, or weight at which a fetus automatically becomes viable. (
  • The result, virtually enshrined into media law, is this: Pre-born beings are to be called fetuses, and post-birth beings are to be called babies. (
  • However, I am old enough to remember a time before all the controversy, and the common term was aborted babies, not fetuses. (
  • Da Vinci studied human embryology with the help of anatomist Marcantonio della Torre and saw the fetus within a cadaver. (
  • Leonardo da Vinci: pen-and-ink studies of human fetus Human fetus, pen-and-ink studies by Leonardo da Vinci, c. 1510. (
  • Certain genetic disorders of the human fetus may cause birth of the infant before full term. (
  • The studies correctly depict the human fetus in its proper position inside the dissected uterus. (
  • The curled and folded shape of the fetus is garishly out of sync with the upright posture of the human being. (
  • The floor of the St. John the Evangelist church collapsed partially from the L'Aquila earthquake in April 2009, exposing underground rooms with the remains of mummified human bodies, including the 29-week-old fetus. (
  • The fetuses may have been used in medical school classes (RFE/RL) 16 December 2005 -- Romanian prosecutors have launched an investigation after a shepherd found about 80 human fetuses in a forest in the northeast of the country. (
  • Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Growth of Human Fetus in minutes with SmartDraw. (
  • None of the web's traffic-hoarding empires ran "Subhuman Royal Fetus Soon to Become Human! (
  • One distinction attempts to make a baby not seem human, calling it a fetus. (
  • If you consider potentiality to be the benchmark of humanity - and thereby, any fetus is a human baby - technically, a sperm is a baby, too. (
  • Biologically an unborn child (fetus) has the DNA and every other attribute of a human being. (
  • Since human development of the reproductive tract continues through puberty, researchers believe that estrogenic chemical exposure to human females as a fetus, infant, child, and adolescent could have impacts on fertility. (
  • The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner in New York confirmed it is "investigating what we believe to be a human fetus found deceased on an airplane," said Aja Worthy-Davis, executive director for public affairs. (
  • A new law in Indiana requires that the bodies of aborted fetuses by treated with the respect due any dead human body. (
  • Fetuses are gestating human beings. (
  • Will the courts go so far as to overturn a law that treats aborted fetuses as what they are-dead human beings? (
  • In Texas, the health code allows for the disposal of human tissue or fetuses by seven legal means, including incineration, "disinfection followed by deposition in a sanitary landfill" and "grinding and discharging to a sanitary sewer. (
  • MOSCOW (Reuters) - A fisherman found four plastic barrels holding 248 human fetuses in a forest in Russia's Ural Mountains, media and police said on Tuesday. (
  • There is much variation in the growth of the human fetus. (
  • noun , plural fetuses. (
  • The word fetus (plural fetuses or feti) is related to the Latin fētus ("offspring", "bringing forth", "hatching of young") and the Greek "φυτώ" to plant. (
  • Campylobacter fetus bloodstream infection: risk factors and clinical features. (
  • Campylobacter fetus infections. (
  • Tremblay T, Gaudreau C, Lorange M. Epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibilities of 111 Campylobacter fetus subsp. (
  • Campylobacter fetus is a rod-shaped, gram-negative species of bacteria within the genus Campylobacter of phylum Proteobacteria. (
  • Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus (Cff) can grow in 1% glycine and produce H2S, while C. fetus subspecies venerealis (Cfv) cannot. (
  • The fetus is protected by a sac of amniotic fluid that also enables movement to occur. (
  • Within the sac of fluid, the fetus begins to move and swallow, taking in amniotic fluid. (
  • How strange was it, then, that leading news sources referred to the fetus of William and Kate as the "royal baby. (
  • People have responded with outrage over the news that aborted fetuses were routinely burned at an incinerator in Oregon that used medical waste to generate electricity. (
  • Transmission of C. fetus subspecies venerealis occurs mainly through venereal contact while transmission of C. fetus subspecies fetus occurs mainly through ingestion of bacteria in a contaminated environment. (
  • The other study, measuring 30.3×22 cm, shows female external genitalia, the supposed arrangement of abdominal muscles on the top right and fetus from different angles. (
  • A few hours after the prolonged exposure to Duncan, Williams and her fetus died of overwhelming Ebola infection. (
  • In a fetus, all major body organs are present. (
  • However, a fetus is characterized by the presence of all the major body organs, though they will not yet be fully developed and functional and some not yet situated in their final anatomical location. (
  • So far, nearly two dozen other states have rejected the criminal prosecution of pregnant women for behaviour that harms their fetuses. (
  • Again by convention, the baby remains a fetus until birth , when it becomes an infant (or, for a month, a neonate). (
  • Most cases of fetus in fetu are caught when the host twin is an infant, though there have been cases of people in their 30s and 40s carrying their own twin. (
  • Surgeons remove two fetuses from infant. (
  • Already popular in Japan and the United States, 3D printed fetuses are now proving popular with expectant mothers in Estonia -- where Timmu Toke of Wolfprint 3D has set up shop. (
  • Arguing for approval of the measure, its Senate sponsors listed a series of high-profile crimes like the Laci Peterson murder and said their sole objective was to establish in criminal law the principle that a fetus injured in an assault was just as much a victim of the crime as the expectant mother. (
  • Fetus in fetu may be a very highly differentiated form of dermoid cyst , itself a highly differentiated form of mature teratoma . (
  • It's worth noting that some researchers believe that what may appear to be a case of fetus in fetu might actually be a teratoma . (
  • A teratoma is kind of tumor that can also look like a malformed fetus, yet it's just a group of cells that can develop skin and teeth. (
  • Sometimes there may not be enough evidence to tell which has occurred, though an instance of teratoma is more common than that of fetus in fetu. (
  • Last month, we reported that Minnesota lawmakers had introduced a bill that would limit abortions to 20 weeks after conception, based on the (not-scientifically-sound) claim that a fetus can feel pain at that point. (
  • How are giving elementary school students, plastic fetus' preventing abortions? (
  • To the Source asked me to opine about the scandal of UK hospitals using the bodies of aborted fetuses to heat hospitals. (
  • In March, the British public was shocked to learn that the bodies of thousands of miscarried and aborted fetuses had been incinerated, along with other waste, to heat hospitals. (
  • A pregnant woman was shot in the stomach, killing her 6-month-old fetus, in what Los Angeles police termed a drug-related dispute with a 15-year-old alleged gang member early Saturday. (
  • Chilean boy born with fetus in his stomach. (
  • on Thursday, cutting out the fetus and taking the baby back to Kansas. (
  • cells have the same genetic composition as the zygote, fetus, and baby. (
  • During the second trimester, a fetus begins to take the shape of a baby. (
  • The grisly cutting of a fetus from a woman began with a Craigslist ad about baby clothes for sale. (
  • When Is a Royal Baby a Fetus? (
  • No, over and over again, one after another, from the top of the media food chain to the bottom, Kate's "fetus" was called, simply and pre-committedly, a baby. (
  • The 26-year-old said she decided to feature a rainbow fetus on her Grammys dress because she gave up a baby for adoption when she was 21. (
  • A Fetus is a very different organism from a baby. (
  • The goal is to wait until the fetus reaches 34 weeks, giving the baby a greater chance of survival, according to Benson. (
  • Unlike the Benson baby, which is healthier, Munoz's fetus had already suffered oxygen deprivation and appeared to have deformed lower extremities, according to court documents. (
  • Notice that Newser used both Fetus and Baby in the title. (
  • The skull of the fetus was dissected in several places and disconnected from the spine, while its arms had been separated from the rest of the body at the joints, none of which typically occurs in the process of post-mortem examinations. (
  • So it's pertinent to add that when the dismemberment procedure occurs after the first trimester - as NRLC's director of state legislation, Mary Spaulding Balch, emphasizes - and the fetus is torn apart, "the unborn child (already) has a beating heart, brain waves and every organ system in place. (
  • Approved along party lines, the measure would allow prosecutors to file separate charges if a crime involved a pregnant women whose fetus was injured. (
  • This is what happens when laws give officials the authority to treat fertilized eggs, embryos and fetuses as if they are already completely separate from the pregnant woman," said Lynn M. Paltrow, executive director of National Advocates for Pregnant Women in New York, of Ms. Beltran's arrest and confinement. (
  • Expulsion of a dead fetus thereafter is considered a stillbirth and of a living fetus a premature birth . (
  • At 24 weeks, the fetus has fully developed eyes, has a hand and startle reflex, is forming footprints and fingerprints, and is forming alveoli in the lungs. (
  • By fifteen weeks, the fetus can kick, curl its fingers and toes, and squint its eyes. (
  • Authorities believe the 80 fetuses, between three-and-nine-weeks old and preserved some 10 to 20 years ago, may have come from two medical research institutes at the University of Medicine in Iasi and been stored for student experiments. (
  • The dolls come complete with a tag attached detailing the development of a fetus up to twelve weeks in gestation. (
  • A new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found that blood-based tests can accurately verify the gender of a fetus as early as 7 weeks. (
  • The tests were found to be 95% to 99% accurate on fetuses from 7 to 12 weeks old, and nearly 100% accurate at 20 weeks gestation. (
  • The fetus is considered full-term between weeks 36 and 40, when it is sufficiently developed for life outside the uterus. (
  • Identification of C. fetus species in infected animals or people is routinely performed by culture on blood or cefoperazone deoxycholate agar. (
  • Da Vinci depicted the uterus with one chamber, in contrast to theories that the uterus had multiple chambers which many believed divided fetuses into separate compartments in the case of twins. (
  • The first study, measuring 30.5×22 cm, shows the fetus in a breech position inside a dissected uterus. (
  • Kennedy wrote: "After sufficient dilation, a doctor inserts grasping forceps through the woman's cervix and into the uterus to grab a living fetus. (
  • C. fetus can be a highly motile organism by means of a single, unsheathed flagellum. (
  • Some, but not all species of C. fetus will grow at 42 °C. Because C. fetus is a fastidious organism to grow, positive cultures can be considered diagnostic, however negative cultures cannot rule out the possibility of infection. (
  • By projecting light through the uterine wall of pregnant mothers, British scientists found that 34-week-old fetuses will turn their heads to look at face-like images. (
  • An American Airlines cleaning crew found "what appears to be a fetus" in the lavatory of a plane early Tuesday morning, spokesman Justin Franco told CNN by phone. (
  • Egyptian scientists are carrying out DNA tests on two mummified fetuses found in the tomb of King Tutankhamun to determine whether they are the young pharaoh's offspring, the antiquities authority said Wednesday. (