The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Sepsis associated with HYPOTENSION or hypoperfusion despite adequate fluid resuscitation. Perfusion abnormalities may include, but are not limited to LACTIC ACIDOSIS; OLIGURIA; or acute alteration in mental status.
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.

The Caenorhabditis elegans mel-11 myosin phosphatase regulatory subunit affects tissue contraction in the somatic gonad and the embryonic epidermis and genetically interacts with the Rac signaling pathway. (1/189)

Caenorhabditis elegans embryonic elongation is driven by cell shape changes that cause a contraction of the epidermal cell layer enclosing the embryo. We have previously shown that this process requires a Rho-associated kinase (LET-502) and is opposed by the activity of a myosin phosphatase regulatory subunit (MEL-11). We now extend our characterization and show that mel-11 activity is required both in the epidermis during embryonic elongation and in the spermatheca of the adult somatic gonad. let-502 and mel-11 reporter gene constructs show reciprocal expression patterns in the embryonic epidermis and the spermatheca, and mutations of the two genes have opposite effects in these two tissues. These results are consistent with let-502 and mel-11 mediating tissue contraction and relaxation, respectively. We also find that mel-11 embryonic inviability is genetically enhanced by mutations in a Rac signaling pathway, suggesting that Rac potentiates or acts in parallel with the activity of the myosin phosphatase complex. Since Rho has been implicated in promoting cellular contraction, our results support a mechanism by which epithelial morphogenesis is regulated by the counteracting activities of Rho and Rac.  (+info)

Differential and inefficient splicing of a broadly expressed Drosophila erect wing transcript results in tissue-specific enrichment of the vital EWG protein isoform. (2/189)

In this report, we document an unusual mode of tissue-enriched gene expression that is primarily mediated by alternative and inefficient splicing. We have analyzed posttranscriptional regulation of the Drosophila erect wing gene, which provides a vital neuronal function and is essential for the formation of certain muscles. Its predominant protein product, the 116-kDa EWG protein, a putative transcriptional regulator, can provide all known erect wing-associated functions. Moreover, consistent with its function, the 116-kDa protein is highly enriched in neurons and is also observed transiently in migrating myoblasts. In contrast to the protein distribution, we observed that erect wing transcripts are present in comparable levels in neuron-enriched heads and neuron-poor bodies of adult Drosophila. Our analyses shows that erect wing transcript consists of 10 exons and is alternatively spliced and that a subset of introns are inefficiently spliced. We also show that the 116-kDa EWG protein-encoding splice isoform is head enriched. In contrast, bodies have lower levels of transcripts that can encode the 116-kDa protein and greater amounts of unprocessed erect wing RNA. Thus, the enrichment of the 116-kDa protein in heads is ensured by tissue-specific alternative and inefficient splicing and not by transcriptional regulation. Furthermore, this regulation is biologically important, as an increased level of the 116-kDa protein outside the nervous system is lethal.  (+info)

Interferon-gamma contributes to the normalcy of murine pregnancy. (3/189)

Uterine natural killer (uNK) cells are transient, large, heavily granulated, maternal lymphocytes present on the mesometrial side of the pregnant mouse uterus. These cells contribute to normal implantation site development. Cytokine production, particularly interferon (IFN)-gamma, is a major function of most NK cell subsets. In this study, uNK cells were assessed for IFN-gamma production. Local concentrations of IFN-gamma were measured in the mesometrial regions of murine implantation sites between Days 6 and 16 of gestation. IFN-gamma was detected by ELISA at all days studied in a random-bred (CD1) and an inbred (BALB/c) strain of immune-competent mouse and in two immune-deficient strains, SCID (NK(+), T(-), B(-)) and tgepsilon26 (NK(-), T(-), B(+)). Concentrations of IFN-gamma per implantation site peaked at Day 10 of gestation in NK(+) strains but were low and relatively constant in NK(-) mice. To evaluate the functions of IFN-gamma at murine implantation sites, pregnancy was studied in homozygously mated IFN-gamma(-/-) and IFN-gammaRalpha(-/-) mice and their congenic controls. Primiparous but not multiparous IFN-gamma(-/-) mice experienced significant fetal loss. Primiparous IFN-gammaRalpha(-/-) carried full litters to term. Implantation site pathology was demonstrated in both strains of gene-deleted mice by light microscopy and ultrastructurally. This included elevated numbers of uNK cells that contained fewer and smaller granules and, after Day 10 of gestation, progressive necrosis and loss of decidua. The presence of a fetus able to produce IFN-gamma did not modify the phenotype of pregnant IFN-gamma(-/-) mice. This study indicates that during murine pregnancy, uNK cells are the main source of IFN-gamma on the mesometrial side of the uterus and that IFN-gamma contributes to normal health of the midgestational decidua. Furthermore, evidence is presented that IFN-gamma-producing cells exist in mesometrial regions of implantation sites that are neither NK nor T cells.  (+info)

Expression of the insulin-like growth factor-1 gene and its receptor in preimplantation mouse embryos; is it a marker of embryo viability? (4/189)

Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of insulin-like growth factors (IGF) in mouse preimplantation development. We examined IGF-1 and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) gene expression in a single blastomere of an early mouse embryo and compared it with subsequent embryo development in culture. Fertilized eggs and 2-cell embryos were obtained by tubal flushing in superovulated and mated female mice. Single cells were removed from embryos at cleavage stage between 3 and 8 cells using the standard embryo biopsy techniques. Individual blastomeres from each embryo were then assayed for the presence of IGF-1 and IGF-1R mRNA using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The biopsied embryos were washed in medium and placed in co-culture with murine endometrial cells. Embryonic development in culture was assessed and blastocyst grading was performed. IGF-1 gene expression was then examined for an association with in-vitro development. Eighty-seven embryos were biopsied. IGF-1R gene expression was detected in the majority of embryos tested and IGF-1 gene expression was detected in 34 of 81 (42%) embryos. A significant association between IGF-1 expression and blastocyst formation in vitro was found (P < 0.01). There was no association between IGF-1R expression and subsequent embryo development. We conclude that IGF-1 gene expression could potentially be used as a marker of embryo quality.  (+info)

Drosophila myc regulates cellular growth during development. (5/189)

Transcription factors of the Myc proto-oncogene family promote cell division, but how they do this is poorly understood. Here we address the functions of Drosophila Myc (dMyc) during development. Using mosaic analysis in the fly wing, we show that loss of dMyc retards cellular growth (accumulation of cell mass) and reduces cell size, whereas dMyc overproduction increases growth rates and cell size. dMyc-induced growth promotes G1/S progression but fails to accelerate cell division because G2/M progression is independently controlled by Cdc25/String. We also show that the secreted signal Wingless patterns growth in the wing primordium by modulating dMyc expression. Our results indicate that dMyc links patterning signals to cell division by regulating primary targets involved in cellular growth and metabolism.  (+info)

PPAR gamma is required for placental, cardiac, and adipose tissue development. (6/189)

The nuclear hormone receptor PPAR gamma promotes adipogenesis and macrophage differentiation and is a primary pharmacological target in the treatment of type II diabetes. Here, we show that PPAR gamma gene knockout results in two independent lethal phases. Initially, PPAR gamma deficiency interferes with terminal differentiation of the trophoblast and placental vascularization, leading to severe myocardial thinning and death by E10.0. Supplementing PPAR gamma null embryos with wild-type placentas via aggregation with tetraploid embryos corrects the cardiac defect, implicating a previously unrecognized dependence of the developing heart on a functional placenta. A tetraploid-rescued mutant surviving to term exhibited another lethal combination of pathologies, including lipodystrophy and multiple hemorrhages. These findings both confirm and expand the current known spectrum of physiological functions regulated by PPAR gamma.  (+info)

PPAR gamma mediates high-fat diet-induced adipocyte hypertrophy and insulin resistance. (7/189)

Agonist-induced activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is known to cause adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity. The biological role of PPAR gamma was investigated by gene targeting. Homozygous PPAR gamma-deficient embryos died at 10.5-11.5 dpc due to placental dysfunction. Quite unexpectedly, heterozygous PPAR gamma-deficient mice were protected from the development of insulin resistance due to adipocyte hypertrophy under a high-fat diet. These phenotypes were abrogated by PPAR gamma agonist treatment. Heterozygous PPAR gamma-deficient mice showed overexpression and hypersecretion of leptin despite the smaller size of adipocytes and decreased fat mass, which may explain these phenotypes at least in part. This study reveals a hitherto unpredicted role for PPAR gamma in high-fat diet-induced obesity due to adipocyte hypertrophy and insulin resistance, which requires both alleles of PPAR gamma.  (+info)

Developmental toxicity studies in rats and rabbits with 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol, the major metabolite of chlorpyrifos. (8/189)

3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP), the primary metabolite of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl, was evaluated for potential developmental toxicity. Groups of 32-34 bred female Fischer 344 rats were given 0, 50, 100, or 150 mg TCP/kg/day by gavage on gestation days 6-15; the fetuses were evaluated on gestation day 21. Similarly, groups of 16 inseminated female New Zealand White rabbits were given 0, 25, 100, or 250 mg TCP/kg/day by gavage on gestation days 7-19, and fetuses were evaluated on gestation day 28. No clinical signs of toxicity attributed to TCP were noted in either species. In rats, at 150 mg/kg/day, maternal effects included slight decreases in feed consumption, significantly depressed body weight gain (25% relative to controls) resulting in significantly lower maternal terminal body weights, and increased relative liver weight. At 100 mg/kg/day, maternal body weight gain in rats was depressed approximately 22%. Among rabbits, maternal effects were limited to the group given 250 mg/kg/day, which lost an average of approximately 70 g during the treatment period (vs. 140 g in the controls). There were no effects on fetal weight or viability, nor were there significant increases in any fetal alteration in either species. A slightly higher (not statistically significant) than usual incidence of central nervous system anomalies occurred in rabbits, but these anomalies were found in both treated and control groups in this study as well as contemporaneous studies of unrelated compounds. This, and the fact that these anomalies were not seen with the parent compound, chlorpyrifos, suggest that their origin was spontaneous. Thus, TCP was not considered fetotoxic or teratogenic in either rats or rabbits, even at dose levels that produced maternal toxicity.  (+info)

Fetal viability is the point in pregnancy at which a fetus is considered capable of surviving outside the uterus, given appropriate medical support. Although there is no precise gestational age that defines fetal viability, it is generally considered to occur between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation. At this stage, the fetus has developed sufficient lung maturity and body weight, and the risk of neonatal mortality and morbidity significantly decreases. However, the exact definition of fetal viability may vary depending on regional standards, medical facilities, and individual clinical assessments.

Pregnancy is a physiological state or condition where a fertilized egg (zygote) successfully implants and grows in the uterus of a woman, leading to the development of an embryo and finally a fetus. This process typically spans approximately 40 weeks, divided into three trimesters, and culminates in childbirth. Throughout this period, numerous hormonal and physical changes occur to support the growing offspring, including uterine enlargement, breast development, and various maternal adaptations to ensure the fetus's optimal growth and well-being.

Multiple trauma, also known as polytrauma, is a medical term used to describe severe injuries to the body that are sustained in more than one place or region. It often involves damage to multiple organ systems and can be caused by various incidents such as traffic accidents, falls from significant heights, high-energy collisions, or violent acts.

The injuries sustained in multiple trauma may include fractures, head injuries, internal bleeding, chest and abdominal injuries, and soft tissue injuries. These injuries can lead to a complex medical situation requiring immediate and ongoing care from a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including emergency physicians, trauma surgeons, critical care specialists, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and mental health providers.

Multiple trauma is a serious condition that can result in long-term disability or even death if not treated promptly and effectively.

Orthopedics is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, which includes the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. The goal of orthopedic care is to help patients maintain or restore their mobility, function, and quality of life through a variety of treatments, including medication, physical therapy, bracing, and surgery. Orthopedic surgeons are medical doctors who have completed additional training in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, and they may specialize in specific areas such as sports medicine, spine care, joint replacement, or pediatric orthopedics.

Orthopedic procedures are surgical or nonsurgical methods used to treat musculoskeletal conditions, including injuries, deformities, or diseases of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. These procedures can range from simple splinting or casting to complex surgeries such as joint replacements, spinal fusions, or osteotomies (cutting and repositioning bones). The primary goal of orthopedic procedures is to restore function, reduce pain, and improve the quality of life for patients.

Septic shock is a serious condition that occurs as a complication of an infection that has spread throughout the body. It's characterized by a severe drop in blood pressure and abnormalities in cellular metabolism, which can lead to organ failure and death if not promptly treated.

In septic shock, the immune system overreacts to an infection, releasing an overwhelming amount of inflammatory chemicals into the bloodstream. This leads to widespread inflammation, blood vessel dilation, and leaky blood vessels, which can cause fluid to leak out of the blood vessels and into surrounding tissues. As a result, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to vital organs, leading to organ failure.

Septic shock is often caused by bacterial infections, but it can also be caused by fungal or viral infections. It's most commonly seen in people with weakened immune systems, such as those who have recently undergone surgery, have chronic medical conditions, or are taking medications that suppress the immune system.

Prompt diagnosis and treatment of septic shock is critical to prevent long-term complications and improve outcomes. Treatment typically involves aggressive antibiotic therapy, intravenous fluids, vasopressors to maintain blood pressure, and supportive care in an intensive care unit (ICU).

In medical terms, shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body is not getting enough blood flow or when the circulatory system is not functioning properly to distribute oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and organs. This results in a state of hypoxia (lack of oxygen) and cellular dysfunction, which can lead to multiple organ failure and death if left untreated.

Shock can be caused by various factors such as severe blood loss, infection, trauma, heart failure, allergic reactions, and severe burns. The symptoms of shock include low blood pressure, rapid pulse, cool and clammy skin, rapid and shallow breathing, confusion, weakness, and a bluish color to the lips and nails. Immediate medical attention is required for proper diagnosis and treatment of shock.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

Health surveys are research studies that collect data from a sample population to describe the current health status, health behaviors, and healthcare utilization of a particular group or community. These surveys may include questions about various aspects of health such as physical health, mental health, chronic conditions, lifestyle habits, access to healthcare services, and demographic information. The data collected from health surveys can be used to monitor trends in health over time, identify disparities in health outcomes, develop and evaluate public health programs and policies, and inform resource allocation decisions. Examples of national health surveys include the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).

... is the ability of a human fetus to survive outside the uterus. Medical viability is generally considered to be ... Fetal viability depends largely on the fetal organ maturity, and environmental conditions. According to Websters Encyclopedic ... Fetal viability is generally considered to begin at 23 or 24 weeks gestational age in the United States. There is no sharp ... Foer F (1997). "Fetal Viability". Slate. Retrieved 14 November 2012. Santhakumaran S, Statnikov Y, Gray D, Battersby C, Ashby D ...
"Abortion and Fetal Viability". Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California. Archived from the original on 19 November 2007. ... For them fetal motion can sometimes be felt as early as 14 weeks but usually around 18 weeks. A woman who has not previously ... Upon viability, the pregnancy can be terminated, as by a c-section or induced labor, with the fetus surviving to become a ... Women who have previously given birth have more relaxed uterine muscles which are more sensitive to fetal motion during ...
Fetal viability's usage as a standard was questioned in U.S. abortion-related cases after Casey, including by Justice Sandra ... The Fifth Circuit's statements for both injunctions were similar because they both cited the lack of fetal viability during ... The first, the Women's Health Protection Act of 2022, would prevent states from restricting abortions before fetal viability ... Shimabukuro, Jon O. (October 16, 2020). "Fetal Viability and Judge Amy Coney Barrett". Congressional Research Service Legal ...
... terminate a pregnancy prior to fetal viability; or terminate a pregnancy after viability when necessary to protect her life or ... the bill would still prohibit partial birth abortions due to the wording of the bill and the stated definition of viability, ...
1 allow abortions after fetal viability? Legal experts say no". CalMatters. Retrieved November 20, 2022. "California ...
It would restore Roe v. Wade-era access in Ohio, protecting "the right to abortion up to the point of fetal viability" while ... However, abortion may be prohibited after fetal viability. But in no case may such an abortion be prohibited if in the ... C. As used in this Section: "Fetal viability" means "the point in a pregnancy when, in the professional judgment of the ... Under the verbiage of the amendment, physicians will have the power to determine "fetal viability", which will supersede any ...
... terminate a pregnancy prior to fetal viability; or (3) terminate a pregnancy after fetal viability when necessary to protect ...
... is legal until fetal viability. The Minnesota Supreme Court ruled the Minnesota Constitution conferred a ... Description: Abortion prohibited when a fetal heartbeat is detected with certain exceptions, and penalties provided. Derosier, ... "fetal heartbeat bill" by proponents). It was also introduced in 2019 by Representative Tim Miller. In 2018, the state was one ...
In 2002, Governor Gray Davis signed the Reproductive Privacy Act, which legalized abortion up to fetal viability, whereafter ... 1 allow abortions after fetal viability? Legal experts say no". CalMatters. Archived from the original on October 31, 2022. ... No campaign spokesperson Catherine Hadro argued that the possibility of fetal viability limitations being overturned by ... If Proposition 1 removes the viability limit, California would become the seventh state to have no such limit, joining Alaska, ...
... stage of fetal development, expected date of viability, health risks of abortion, and the availability of adoption agencies and ... In Ohio, a "fetal heartbeat" law, HB 125, was introduced in the state legislature in October 2011. It was the only state in the ... Two "fetal heartbeat" bills were introduced in the Ohio General Assembly in 2019, marking the 133rd Session of the Ohio General ... A further "fetal heartbeat" law was introduced on August 14, 2013, by Lynn Wachtmann and others. In 2013, Ohio passed a ...
... practices regarding preterm birth at the limit of viability". The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. 21 (2): 115- ... Evans MI, Andriole S, Britt DW (2014). "Fetal reduction: 25 years' experience". Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy. 35 (2): 69-82. doi ... The limit of viability has also become a factor in the abortion debate. Preterm infants usually show physical signs of ... Fetal infection is linked to preterm birth and to significant long-term disability including cerebral palsy. It has been ...
The definition of fetal viability and the recordkeeping requirements were upheld. The Court decided to omit the requirement of ... the Court rejected the trimester framework altogether in favor of a cutoff at the point of fetal viability (cf. Planned ... They argued that it gave a vague definition of viability that allowed for any fetus to be considered viable, essentially making ... Hall, Freiman, Susman, and Planned Parenthood argued against House Bill 1211 and its definition of viability. ...
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, 164 (1973) ("If the State is interested in protecting fetal life after viability, it may go so far ... If the State is interested in protecting fetal life after viability, it may go so far as to proscribe abortion during that ... "Fetal Viability And Late-Term Abortion: The Facts And The Law". Democratic Underground. Retrieved October 5, 2015. Planned ... viability was defined as "potentially able to live outside the mother's womb, albeit with artificial aid. Viability is usually ...
Abortion is legal in New York up to the point of fetal viability. After viability, abortion is legal if necessary to save the ... there are no exceptions for fatal fetal abnormalities. Abortion is legal in Illinois up to the point of fetal viability. ... Abortion is legal in Maine up to the point of fetal viability. Maine does not require a minor to notify a parent or guardian in ... Abortion is legal in Hawaii up to the point of fetal viability. Hawaii does not require a minor to notify a parent or guardian ...
... is legal up to the point of fetal viability. An abortion ban was in place by 1900, and by 1950, it was a ... In 2002, California passed a law guaranteeing women the right to have an abortion "prior to viability of the fetus, or when the ... "The state may not deny or interfere with a woman's right to choose or obtain an abortion prior to viability of the fetus, or ... Since fetal remains are normally incinerated without ceremony, there was no reason to do otherwise with these fetuses, stating ...
Abortion in Washington is legal up to the point of fetal viability. 60% of adults said in a poll by the Pew Research Center ... "Authority of Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants to Perform Pre-Viability Aspiration Abortions". ... and that aspiration and medication abortion prior to viability was within the scope of nurse practitioners and physician ...
... is legal up to the point of fetal viability. 55% of adults said in a poll by the Pew Research Center that ... It now read, "the termination of a pregnancy prior to viability, to protect the life or health of the mother, or in the event ... of serious fetal anomaly." In August 2018, the state had a law to protect the right to have an abortion. Senator Bryant ... women seeking abortions to have the required legal option to have non-medically necessitated ultrasound to see the fetal " ...
The legal debate on fetal rights sometimes invokes the notion of fetal viability. Its primary determinant is fetal lung ... The twenty-three weeks is usually regarded as the lower bound of fetal viability because technology has been unable to surpass ... Fetal rights are the moral rights or legal rights of the human fetus under natural and civil law. The term fetal rights came ... The 1980s witnessed the reappearance of fetal protection in the workplace, aimed at guarding fetal health in potentially ...
They also felt that fetal viability was "more workable" than the trimester framework. They abandoned the trimester framework ... The "viability" criterion was still in effect, although the point of viability changed as medical science found ways to help ... Before viability ... Casey, in short, struck a balance. The balance was central to its holding. We now apply its standard to ... It includes exceptions for a serious health risk to the mother or a lethal fetal anomaly, but otherwise it will make abortion a ...
Permitted until fetal viability in case of a fetal anomaly that poses a risk to the woman's health. Abortion may also permitted ... Also allowed after this period if there is an absence of fetal viability. Permitted up to 24 weeks of gestation in case of a ... In some cases, abortion may be allowed up to fetal viability or 26 weeks of gestation. Sierra Leone established that the laws ... Article 219 additionally prohibits "child destruction", meaning abortion after fetal viability, presumed at 28 weeks of ...
Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists UK (April 2001). "Further Issues Relating to Late Abortion, Fetal Viability and ... Fetal death after 20 weeks of gestation is also known as a stillbirth. The most common symptom of a miscarriage is vaginal ... The term fetal death applies variably in different countries and contexts, sometimes incorporating weight, and gestational age ... According to French statutes, an infant born before the age of viability, determined to be 28 weeks, is not registered as a ' ...
Estimated date of delivery Scheduling prenatal care Estimation of fetal viability Calculating the results of various prenatal ... Royal College of Obstetricians; Gynaecologists UK (April 2001). "Further Issues Relating to Late Abortion, Fetal Viability and ... Hence, the gestational timing of a fetal toxin exposure, fetal drug exposure or vertically transmitted infection can be used to ... The ratio between fetal growth rate and uterine size (reflecting uterine distension) is suspected to partially determine the ...
The intensity of this fetal disease ranges from mild to very severe, and fetal death from heart failure (hydrops fetalis) can ... Early Delivery - Delivery can occur anytime after the age of viability. Emergency delivery due to failed IUT is possible, along ... Fetal-maternal hemorrhage, which is the movement of fetal blood cells across the placenta, can occur during abortion, ectopic ... Fetal mortality was reduced by 36% in the IVIG and IUT group than in the IUT alone group. IVIG and plasmapheresis together can ...
"DNA ligase I is required for fetal liver erythropoiesis but is not essential for mammalian cell viability". Nature Genetics. 13 ...
West supports banning abortions after a fetus reaches fetal viability unless the mother's life is at risk. In 2019, following ...
Medical reasons for inducing or performing an abortion are usually due to concerns about fetal viability or disability. These ... About one in one thousand abortions in the UK involved late termination of pregnancy (performed after 24 weeks) due to fetal ... TFMR due to expected fetal disability (as opposed to life-threatening medical conditions that could kill the mother or fetus) ... Grossman, TB; Chasen, ST (January 2020). "Abortion for Fetal Genetic Abnormalities: Type of Abnormality and Gestational Age at ...
Roe legalized abortion nationwide for approximately the first six months of pregnancy until the point of fetal viability. The ... The Georgia law in question permitted abortion only in cases of rape, severe fetal deformity, or the possibility of severe or ... Court's opinion in Doe v. Bolton stated that a woman may obtain an abortion after viability, if necessary to protect her health ...
A nuchal scan may also help confirm both the accuracy of the pregnancy dates and the fetal viability. All women, regardless ... If this is the case, the woman may be advised to have a more reliable screen such as cell-free fetal DNA screening or an ... Natural fetal loss after positive diagnosis at 12 weeks is about 30%. Other common chromosomal defects that cause a thicker ... The buildup in fluid is due to a blockage of fluid in the developing fetal lymphatic system. Progressive increase in the width ...
Artificial uteri may expand the range of fetal viability, raising questions about the role that fetal viability plays within ... It also has the potential to move the threshold of fetal viability to a much earlier stage of pregnancy. This would have ...
However, the vast majority of abdominal pregnancies require intervention well before fetal viability because of the risk of ... External side of fetal sac, proximal end, with ovary and uterine horn Resected distal part of fetal sac, with attached placenta ... Leg of fetal lamb appearing out of the uterus during caesarean section External view of fetal sac, necrotic distal part ... Support to near viability has occasionally been described, but even in Third World countries, the diagnosis is most commonly ...
Fetal viability is the ability of a human fetus to survive outside the uterus. Medical viability is generally considered to be ... Fetal viability depends largely on the fetal organ maturity, and environmental conditions. According to Websters Encyclopedic ... Fetal viability is generally considered to begin at 23 or 24 weeks gestational age in the United States. There is no sharp ... Foer F (1997). "Fetal Viability". Slate. Retrieved 14 November 2012. Santhakumaran S, Statnikov Y, Gray D, Battersby C, Ashby D ...
Illegal Fetal Age/Viability Deception Scheme Uncovered By Operation Rescue At Tillers Abortion Clinic. Posted by Cheryl ... This misrepresentation of the law, coupled with the intentional underestimation of fetal age and viability, forces women to ... Operation Rescue interviewed several former Tiller patients concerning the determination of fetal age and viability, and had ... Intentional underestimation of fetal age: When the first determination of fetal age did not suit them, a WHCS employee ...
Cryopreservation of osteoblast-like cells: Viability and differentiation with replacement of fetal bovine serum in vitro. Cells ... Cryopreservation of osteoblast-like cells : Viability and differentiation with replacement of fetal bovine serum in vitro. In: ... Cryopreservation of osteoblast-like cells: Viability and differentiation with replacement of fetal bovine serum in vitro. / ... Therefore, we investigated the viability and differentiation of human osteoblast-like cells during replacement of fetal bovine ...
Is there a viability-vulnerability tradeoff? Sex differences in fetal programming. J Psychosom Res. 2013;75:327-35. ... Disruption of fetal hormonal programming (prenatal stress) implicates shared risk for sex differences in depression and ... Sex-specific impact of maternal-fetal risk factors on depression and cardiovascular risk 40 years later. J Dev Orig Health Dis ...
... and GOOD.Viability-the potential for a fetus to survive outside the womb-is a core dividing line in American law. For almost 50 ... Abortions Before Fetal Viability Are Legal: Might Science and the Change on the Supreme Court Undermine That? ... Once viability is reached, however, states have a compelling interest in protecting fetal life. At that point, states can ... Fetal viability, with its shifting goalposts, isnt the best framework for abortion protection in light of advancing medical ...
1 Would Not Permit Abortions After Fetal Viability - Times of San Diego. November 5, 2022 ... 1 Would Not Permit Abortions After Fetal Viability Times of San Diego ... 1 Would Not Permit Abortions After Fetal Viability - Times of San Diego. ... 1 Would Not Permit Abortions After Fetal Viability - Times of San Diego ...
Effect Of Go-agnps On Caprine Fetal Fibroblast Cells Viability. The viability of caprine fetal fibroblast cells was determined ... In order to evaluate the effect of GO-AgNPs on caprine fetal fibroblast cell viability, cells were treated with differnet ... Cell Viability Assay. The cell viability was assessed by using an in vitro cell-counting assay kit (CCK-8; Rockville, MD, USA) ... The morphologies of caprine fetal fibroblast cells after exposure to GO-AgNPs for 24 h were shown in Fig. 3. Caprine fetal ...
That is before fetal viability. And for decades, the court has said that states cannot prohibit abortion at that stage. But ... It also allows private citizens to sue anyone involved in helping someone get an abortion after a fetal heartbeat can be ...
before fetal viability; or*at any time, if such termination is necessary to protect the life or health of the woman.*Allows a ... Medical science has advanced the time of fetal viability to approximately 24 weeks. In response, the courts have determined ... Keep abortion safe, rare and legal; with 24-week viability A published article said Lieberman believes abortion laws should be ... that the viability standard has replaced the original trimester formulation of Roe. That lengthens the time of a woman s ...
... for pregnancy dating and viability. Consider nuchal translucency if the fetus is at high risk for cardiac defects (eg, because ... Various fetal biophysical tests can ensure that the fetus is well oxygenated, including fetal heart rate testing, fetal ... Surging maternal and fetal glucose levels are accompanied by episodic fetal hyperinsulinemia. Fetal hyperinsulinemia promotes ... including fetal heart rate testing, fetal movement assessment, ultrasonographic biophysical scoring, and fetal umbilical ...
In addition, sonographic findings also confirm fetal viability [28] and can help in differentiating and diagnosing other ... Normal fetal growth and umbilical artery Doppler waveforms have been described as being associated with perinatal survival. [16 ... Placental pathologies on fetal MRI are associated with high impairment rates: a prospective long-term outcome study. J Matern ... In one study, fetal MRI techniques were evaluated to determine whether they were sufficient for the assessment of placental ...
The proposed amendment would declare a fundamental right to abortion until fetal viability, or when needed to protect the life ... Under the petition language, the patients healthcare practitioner would determine fetal viability. ...
Fetal Blood / physiology * Fetal Viability / physiology * Fetus / pathology * Humans * In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence ...
"Fetal viability" means that, in the professional judgment 11. of the attending health care professional, based on the ...
However, abortion may be prohibited after fetal viability. But in no case may such an abortion be prohibited if in the ... As used in this Section, Fetal viability means the point in a pregnancy when, in the professional judgment of the pregnant ... However, abortion may be prohibited after fetal viability. But in no case may such an abortion be prohibited if in the ... As used in this Section, Fetal viability means the point in a pregnancy when, in the professional judgment of the pregnant ...
Preservation of Fetal Viability During Noncardiac Surgery. Part IV EARLY POSTOPERATIVE CARE ...
There was no evidence of adverse effects on fertility or on early fetal viability. A significant decrease in testis weight was ...
... "fetal viability," generally between 22 and 24 weeks.17https://www.insider.com/guides/health/reproductive-health/fetal-viability ... "fetal viability," generally between 22 and 24 weeks.17. Given the fact that 91% of U.S. abortions occur in the first 13 weeks ... time.com/6191886/fetal-personhood-laws-roe-abortion/ The Dobbs decision explicitly sidestepped the question of fetal personhood ... trimester.pdf viability protections translate into unrestricted abortion access for the vast majority of women who desire an ...
Fetal viability scans, nuchal & well being scan, fetal cardiac & anomaly scans, Chorion Villus Sampling (CVS). Harley Street ... Consultant Specialist in Fetal Medicine in Kent, close to London. Viability scan, nuchal scan, anomaly & growth, wellbeing ... Fetal Medicine Centre. Ultrasound scans in Harley Street performed to the highest standard by sonographers trained in fetal ... Nuchal screening, anomaly, fetal welfare scans, amniocentesis, Chorion Villus Sampling (CVS), gender identification, 4D scans ...
Fetal Age of Viability Stage. Growth Pattern in Embryonic and Fetal Stages ... Age of Viability. Birth Position. 36. Factors ... Lifespan Development - Fetal Age of Viability Stage. Growth Pattern in Embryonic and Fetal Stages ... Age of Viability. Birth ... Lifespan Development - Chapter 2 Lifespan Development Prenatal Brain Development Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A series of physical ... Chapter 2 Lifespan Development Prenatal Brain Development Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A series of physical and cognitive ...
If the gestation is greater than 22 weeks, fetal viability must be determined with fetal heart tones and an ultrasonic ... Estimation of fetal age and viability becomes part of the primary survey in pregnant patients. ...
Offspring viability indices:. implantation sites, early resorption sites, late resorption sites, viable fetal swellings. ... Late fetal deaths could not be evaluated, as there was an insufficient number. Total number of fetal deaths were comparable ... Chi-square tests were used for pregnancy rates and percent viability. Posthoc paired comparison for the viability parameter was ... Chi-square tests were used for pregnancy rates and percent viability. Posthoc paired comparison for the viability parameter was ...
Clinicians criteria for fetal moral status: viability and relationality, not sentience. Lisa Campo-Engelstein et al., Journal ...
Clinicians criteria for fetal moral status: viability and relationality, not sentience. Lisa Campo-Engelstein et al., Journal ...
Embryotoxicity was characterized by decreased fetal viability, reduced live litter sizes, and developmental delays. Hydroxyurea ... Embryo-fetal toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise of potential risk to a fetus and use of effective contraception. (5.3, 8.1 ... 5.3 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity Based on the mechanism of action and findings in animals, hydroxyurea can cause fetal harm when ... 5.3 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity 5.4 Vasculitic Toxicities 5.5 Live Vaccinations 5.6 Risks with Concomitant Use of Antiretroviral ...
Fetal viability is typically between 22 and 24 weeks.. Some Republican leaders say they expect the court will overturn Roe v. ...
There were no adverse effects on female fertility, implantation, or fetal viability and morphology. However, fetal growth ... No adverse effects on embryo/fetal viability or morphology were observed in offspring of rats exposed to insulin lispro at a ... There were no adverse effects on fetal viability, weight, and morphology at any dose. ... In an embryo-fetal development study in pregnant rabbits, insulin lispro doses of 0.1, 0.25, and 0.75 unit/kg/day (0.03, 0.08, ...
According to Planned Parenthood, there is no abortion right after fetal viability. Pre-viability, the standard is whether the ...
... the effects of cigarette smoking on fetal viability and abnormalities; and the fetotoxic effects of anesthesia exposure during ... Surgical exposures of pregnant women to anesthetics resulted in a 57 percent fetal loss in women exposed during the first ...
  • Under the petition language, the patient's healthcare practitioner would determine fetal viability. (latimes.com)
  • Medical viability is generally considered to be between 23 and 24 weeks gestational age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viability depends upon factors such as birth weight, gestational age, and the availability of advanced medical care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fetal viability is generally considered to begin at 23 or 24 weeks gestational age in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, many doctors have bemoaned the legal and political bastardization of the medical concept, arguing that viability is much more complex than gestational age alone. (californiahealthline.org)
  • Operation Rescue recently conducted an undercover investigation of late-term abortions at George Tiller's Women's Health Care Services, in Wichita, Kansas, focusing on the determination of fetal age and viability. (operationrescue.org)
  • Operation Rescue discovered compelling evidence that WHCS intentionally underestimates fetal age, and therefore viability, in order to avoid compliance with the Kansas ban on post-viability abortions. (operationrescue.org)
  • Abortions Before Fetal Viability Are Legal: Might Science and the Change on the Supreme Court Undermine That? (leaps.org)
  • For almost 50 years, the Supreme Court of the United States has struck down laws that ban all or most abortions, ruling that women's constitutional rights include choosing to end pregnancies before the point of viability. (leaps.org)
  • As a result, judges have struck down certain states' so-called heartbeat laws, which tried to prohibit abortions after detection of a fetal heartbeat (as early as six weeks of pregnancy). (leaps.org)
  • In Ohio, no abortion procedures performed past 12-weeks gestation-more than 10 weeks before fetal viability-resulted in "failed abortions. (feminist.org)
  • A proposal to ban abortions following fetal cardiac activity-around 6-weeks gestation-did not get enough signatures. (feminist.org)
  • The court said Monday it would review next term whether all state laws that ban pre-viability abortions are unconstitutional. (kcur.org)
  • The test case is from Mississippi, which bans most abortions after 15 weeks, significantly before fetal viability. (kcur.org)
  • Jamie Corley of suburban St. Louis filed constitutional amendments Wednesday to allow abortions in cases of rape, incest and fatal abnormalities until fetal viability. (necn.com)
  • The people who are getting abortions later in pregnancy are those who have incredibly heartbreaking situations, either some awful, terrible fetal anomaly that took a while to be diagnosed or some maternal medical condition that puts the mother's life at risk," said Mae Winchester, a Cleveland-based maternal fetal medicine specialist. (kxan.com)
  • Even if neither of these possibilities is anticipated, some women prefer to know of fetal abnormalities before birth. (msdmanuals.com)
  • During the 2nd trimester, identifying structures that are statistically associated with increased risk of fetal chromosomal abnormalities helps refine risk estimate. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Small hematomas on the surface of the placenta (subamniotic hemorrhage) are common at 18-20 weeks on ultrasound, but hemorrhages identified beneath the placenta, at the edge of the placenta, or behind an isolated area of the fetal membranes is of greater significance. (medscape.com)
  • Antenatal & pregnancy ultrasound scans covering early pregnancy, 3D / 4D baby scans, fetal growth, detail & anomaly, nuchal scan (Down's Syndrome test). (020.co.uk)
  • Ultrasound scans in Harley Street performed to the highest standard by sonographers trained in fetal medicine under Professor Kypros Nicolaides. (020.co.uk)
  • In Ireland, under the Health (Regulation of Termination of Pregnancy) Act 2018, fetal viability is defined as "the point in a pregnancy at which, in the reasonable opinion of a medical practitioner, the foetus is capable of survival outside the uterus without extraordinary life-sustaining measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Private central London women's clinic specialising in pregnancy including blood tests, nuchal scans & all routine pregnancy scans, early pregnancy, viability & dating scans, 20 weeks anatomy scan, well-being scans, gender scans, growth & Doppler scans. (020.co.uk)
  • Full range of antenatal scans from dating pregnancy through to nuchal translucency screening, detailed anatomy, Babybond 4D and foetal presentation scans. (020.co.uk)
  • Trauma in pregnancy is currently a leading cause of non-pregnancy-related maternal death, and maternal death remains the most common cause of fetal demise [5]. (who.int)
  • With modern medicine, that point, referred to as the point of viability, is typically about 23 weeks or 24 weeks into the pregnancy. (kxan.com)
  • California law generally bars the performance of an abortion past the point of fetal viability," he said. (californiahealthline.org)
  • Current California law incorporates the viability limit from Roe , allowing abortion for any reason through most of the second trimester and after that only if the patient's or fetus's health is in danger. (californiahealthline.org)
  • Even among legal scholars, there is no consensus about whether that means the viability standard in place now will remain if Proposition 1 is approved or if time limits on abortion will be eradicated in California. (californiahealthline.org)
  • A periconceptional diet that elevates ketone concentrations may impair human embryonic viability. (bvsalud.org)
  • The constitutional amendment would prohibit abortion bans prior to fetal viability and in cases of maternal mortality risk. (feminist.org)
  • The proposed amendment would undo both bans and require that abortion be available until fetal viability, around 24 weeks. (keloland.com)
  • But with Monday's decision to take on the whole question of pre-viability abortion bans, that approach may now be on the way out, and a more direct approach on the way in - namely overturning Roe . (kcur.org)
  • That stage of fetal development when the life of the unborn child may be continued indefinitely outside the womb by natural or artificial life-support systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • For purposes of abortion regulation, viability is reached when, in the judgement of the attending physician on the particular facts of the case before her, there is a reasonable likelihood of the fetuses' sustained survival outside the womb, with or without artificial support. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viability is defined by law as when a baby can survive for an indefinite period outside the womb with natural or artificial life-supportive measures. (operationrescue.org)
  • Viability-the potential for a fetus to survive outside the womb-is a core dividing line in American law. (leaps.org)
  • The Supreme Court justices wrote that a woman's right to privacy was protected only up to viability - the point when a fetus is capable of "meaningful life outside the mother's womb. (californiahealthline.org)
  • Take a look at Ohio Issue 1, a constitutional amendment guaranteeing a right to an abortion up until fetal viability outside of the womb. (yahoo.com)
  • Taken together, our study demonstrated that GO-AgNPs potentially induce oxidative damage to DNA, which result in toxicity and cell apoptosis in caprine fetal fibroblast cell due to an increased generation of ROS. (researchsquare.com)
  • Embryo-fetal toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. (nih.gov)
  • Exposure concentrations were based on a dose range-finding study that demonstrated 25,000 ppm 2H4MBP did not induce excessive maternal toxicity or affect parturition, litter size, or pup viability. (nih.gov)
  • Fetal viability scans, nuchal & well being scan, fetal cardiac & anomaly scans, Chorion Villus Sampling (CVS). (020.co.uk)
  • In the prenatal cohort, F2 prenatal development (litter size, fetal weight, and morphology) was assessed on GD 21. (nih.gov)
  • But - and these are two very big buts - it also says (1) that physicians may determine viability on a "case-by-case basis," and (2) that there is a right to abortion after viability until birth to protect "health" that is not limited to physical health. (nationalrighttolifenews.org)
  • Babies have been known to survive at 22 weeks and earlier, although 23 weeks is generally considered the threshold of viability in the United States, where there exists superior neonatal technology. (operationrescue.org)
  • At 24 weeks, the viability of healthy babies born to healthy mothers is undeniable in the medical community worldwide. (operationrescue.org)
  • Kansas law implies that each case be individually reviewed and tested for viability beginning at 22 weeks gestation. (operationrescue.org)
  • According to that date, Shaye would have been 25 weeks 5 days along, well past the 22 weeks when viability must be determined under Kansas law. (operationrescue.org)
  • Medical science has advanced the time of fetal viability to approximately 24 weeks. (ontheissues.org)
  • Fetal viability is typically between 22 and 24 weeks. (wskg.org)
  • It also states that abortion "may be prohibited after fetal viability," which is generally considered to be around 23 or 24 weeks . (politico.com)
  • Under those cases, states were prohibited from banning abortion prior to fetal viability, around 23 weeks. (wjbf.com)
  • They could have added weeks in there for viability," said Mehek Cooke, a lawyer working with the opposition campaign, Protect Women Ohio. (kxan.com)
  • The proposed amendment would declare a fundamental right to abortion until fetal viability, or when needed to protect the life or health of the pregnant patient. (latimes.com)
  • But the constitutional amendment outlined in Proposition 1 doesn't contain the word "viability. (californiahealthline.org)
  • But in various committee hearings, supporters at times seemed confused by the language of their own bill and scrambled to answer definitively when asked whether the amendment would preserve the viability limit or discard it. (californiahealthline.org)
  • But physicians involved in drafting the amendment, like Dr. Pratima Gupta , said no mistake was made: The word viability was left out on purpose. (californiahealthline.org)
  • But critics say it would actually expand abortion rights, because the amendment ignores the concept of fetal viability. (wvxu.org)
  • The text of the amendment explicitly states that "abortion may be prohibited after fetal viability. (nationalrighttolifenews.org)
  • Over the last 30 years, the Supreme Court has upheld these laws, which have the effect of restricting pre-viability abortion access, imposing mandatory waiting periods, requiring parental consent for minors, and placing restrictions on abortion providers. (leaps.org)
  • Today, the Guttmacher Institute reports that more than half of American women live in states whose laws are considered hostile to abortion , largely as a result of these intrusions on pre-viability abortion access. (leaps.org)
  • In response, the courts have determined that the viability standard has replaced the original trimester formulation of Roe. (ontheissues.org)
  • Surgical exposures of pregnant women to anesthetics resulted in a 57 percent fetal loss in women exposed during the first trimester, but no increase in congenital defects among the offspring. (cdc.gov)
  • It also allows private citizens to sue anyone involved in helping someone get an abortion after a fetal heartbeat can be detected. (nhpr.org)
  • Fetal viability is the ability of a human fetus to survive outside the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viability, as the word has been used in the United States constitutional law since Roe v. Wade, is the potential of the fetus to survive outside the uterus after birth, natural or induced, when supported by up-to-date medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Websters Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, viability of a fetus means having reached such a stage of development as to be capable of living, under normal conditions, outside the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The original language from the amendment's backers defined fetal viability as the fetus having "a significant likelihood of survival outside the uterus with reasonable measures. (kxan.com)
  • RESEARCH QUESTION Does the ketone acetoacetate (AcAc) alone, or combined with ß-hydroxybutyrate (ßOHB), impact mouse embryo development , metabolism , histone acetylation and viability? (bvsalud.org)
  • Preimplantation exposure to ketones affects underlying metabolism and histone acetylation in blastocysts that are associated with persistent, female -specific perturbations in fetal development . (bvsalud.org)
  • We sought to characterise the bacterial and fungal stool flora of preterm neonates and organism viability and evaluate any associations with NEC and sepsis. (bmj.com)
  • All procedures used to diagnose genetic disorders, except ultrasonography, are invasive and involve slight fetal risk. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The framework of viability remains central to the country's abortion law today, even as some states have passed laws in the name of protecting women's health that significantly undermine Roe . (leaps.org)
  • fetal demise has not, however, been significantly reduced because of a rise in non-obstetric causes, especially trauma [1]. (who.int)
  • Preimplantation AcAcâ ¯+â ¯ßOHB exposure reduced post-implantation fetal development by 25% (Pâ ¯=â ¯0.037), and delayed female -specific fetal limb development (Pâ ¯=â ¯0.019) and estimated fetal age (Pâ ¯=â ¯0.019) compared with controls. (bvsalud.org)
  • An issue of concern in EMR coun- percutaneous route (unsafe injections, boosted following exposure to hepatitis tries is the viability of the vaccine at improperly sterilized invasive medical B virus [12,13]. (who.int)
  • Therefore, we investigated the viability and differentiation of human osteoblast-like cells during replacement of fetal bovine serum in vitro. (elsevierpure.com)
  • Fortunately, endemic countries, the disease in chil- Maternal-fetal transmission to infants the hepatitis B vaccine is thermosta- dren is generally unrecognized because born to HBsAg positive mothers can ble and remains effective for 1 week at the signs and symptoms are negligible. (who.int)
  • Fetal viability depends largely on the fetal organ maturity, and environmental conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal fetal growth and umbilical artery Doppler waveforms have been described as being associated with perinatal survival. (medscape.com)
  • In the reproductive performance cohort, littering indices, F2 viability, and growth were assessed until PND 28. (nih.gov)
  • Cell growth and viability were assessed after 7 and 10 days. (bvsalud.org)
  • The rationale offered that physicians have willy-nilly ability to define viability as anything they want is inaccurate. (kxan.com)
  • In amniocentesis, a needle is inserted transabdominally, using ultrasonographic guidance, into the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid and fetal cells for testing, including measurement of chemical markers (eg, alpha-fetoprotein, acetylcholinesterase). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Wolfe v. Isbell, 291 Ala. 327, 329 (Ala. 1973)] Various jurisdictions have different legal definitions of viability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viability has long been a controversial concept, plaguing ethicists on both sides of the abortion debate since it was embedded in the Roe v. Wade decision in 1973. (californiahealthline.org)
  • Sonogram images, sworn statements show that Women's Health Care Services intentionally underestimates fetal age and viability to avoid compliance with Kansas law. (operationrescue.org)
  • Nevertheless, the viability framework stands: while states can pass pre-viability abortion restrictions that (ostensibly) protect the health of the woman or that strike some kind a balance between women's rights and fetal life, it is only after viability that they can completely favor fetal life over the rights of the woman (with limited exceptions when the woman's life is threatened). (leaps.org)
  • ABSTRACT In Saudi Arabia, road traffic crashes are becoming a serious public health problem and there are no recent, large-scale, published reports discussing maternal and fetal injuries. (who.int)
  • Day 4 blastocysts exposed to 0.8 mmol/l AcAcâ ¯+â ¯2 mmol/l ßOHB were transferred to standard-fed recipient females , and E14.5 fetal and placental development assessed. (bvsalud.org)
  • Consultant Specialist in Fetal Medicine in Kent, close to London. (020.co.uk)
  • Once viability is reached, however, states have a 'compelling interest' in protecting fetal life. (leaps.org)
  • I'm extremely well aware that there are many anti-abortionists for whom this term is hideously inappropriate, but there are also a lot of anti-abortionists who genuinely hold that position because they care about fetal life, and I was one of them. (freethoughtblogs.com)
  • A majority of justices noted that "abortion is fundamentally different, as both Roe and Casey acknowledged, because it destroys what those decisions called 'fetal life' and what the law now before us describes as an 'unborn human being. (jonathanturley.org)
  • The aim of the present study is to replace the potentially infectious supplement fetal bovine serum during the cryopreservation procedure in order to perform future clinical trials. (elsevierpure.com)
  • These findings indicate that, for clinical purposes, fetal bovine serum can be removed for cryopreservation of iliac cancellous bone with minor loss of viability. (elsevierpure.com)
  • end point is a decrease in fetal/pup body weights observed after oral, dermal, and inhalation exposures of dams to NMP. (cdc.gov)
  • Viability has always been a slippery notion on which to pin legal rights. (leaps.org)
  • Lifespan Development - Fetal Age of Viability Stage. (powershow.com)
  • In the cell culture of cryopreserved and fresh osteoblast-like cells, we substituted Dulbecco's modification of Eagle's medium (DMEM)/Ham's F12 plus 1% penicillin/streptomycin with autologous serum, human serum albumin and Biseko® for fetal bovine serum. (elsevierpure.com)
  • Irradiation time of group I influenced positively the proliferation and viability of OD-21 cells in late cell culture period. (bvsalud.org)
  • Immortalized murine pulp cells (OD-21)6 are considered as the major action mechanism of those lasers.11 undifferentiated mesenchymal stem cells derived from fetal Although this mechanism has not been fully clarified, the most molar papillae7. (bvsalud.org)
  • GO-AgNPs induced significant cytotoxicity by the loss of cell viability, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), cell cycle arrest, increasing leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and level of Malondialdehyde (MDA), increasing expression of pro-apoptotic genes and decreasing expression of anti-apoptotic genes. (researchsquare.com)
  • The ductus arteriosus is a small fetal structure that connects two large arteries (aorta and pulmonary) but becomes pathological when it is maintained after birth. (bvsalud.org)
  • Other causes of fetal death. (cdc.gov)
  • We aimed to explore the predictors of fetal death/abortion after maternal trauma. (who.int)
  • Republican Attorney General Ashley Moody has asked the state Supreme Court to keep the question off the ballot, arguing that "viability" is too vague. (keloland.com)