Femoral Neck Fractures
Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
Bone and Bones
Femur Head Necrosis
Fracture Fixation, Internal
Leg Length Inequality
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Finite Element Analysis
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Range of Motion, Articular
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Prostheses and Implants
Pregnancy Trimester, Second
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Determination of Hounsfield value for CT-based design of custom femoral stems. (1/3521)Ct and advanced computer-aided design techniques offer the means for designing customised femoral stems. Our aim was to determine the Hounsfield (HU) value of the bone at the corticocancellous interface, as part of the criteria for the design algorithm. We obtained transverse CT images from eight human cadaver femora. The proximal femoral canal was rasped until contact with dense cortical bone was achieved. The femora were cut into several sections corresponding to the slice positions of the CT images. After obtaining a computerised image of the anatomical sections using a scanner, the inner cortical contour was outlined and transferred to the corresponding CT image. The pixels beneath this contour represent the CT density of the bone remaining after surgical rasping. Contours were generated automatically at nine HU levels from 300 to 1100 and the mean distance between the transferred contour and each of the HU-generated contours was computed. The contour generated along the 600-HU pixels was closest to the inner cortical contour of the rasped femur and therefore 600 HU seem to be the CT density of the corticocancellous interface in the proximal part of cadaver femora. Generally, femoral bone with a CT density beyond 600 HU is not removable by conventional reamers. Thus, we recommend the 600 HU threshold as one of several criteria for the design of custom femoral implants from CT data. (+info)
Hydroxyapatite-coated femoral stems. Histology and histomorphometry around five components retrieved at post mortem. (2/3521)We performed a histological and histomorphometric examination in five cadaver specimens of the femoral and acetabular components and the associated tissue which had been recovered between 3.3 and 6.2 years after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a proximal hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated titanium alloy implant. All had functioned well during the patients' life. All the stems were fixed in the femur and showed osseointegration of both the proximal and distal parts. The amount of residual HA was greatest in the distal metaphyseal sections, indicating that the rate of bone remodelling may be the main factor causing loss of HA. The level of activity of the patient was the only clinical factor which correlated with loss of coating. The percentage of bone-implant osseointegration was almost constant, regardless of the amount of HA residue, periprosthetic bone density or the time of implantation. HA debris was seldom observed and if present did not cause any adverse or inflammatory reaction. Partial debonding did occur in one case as a result of a polyethylene-induced inflammatory reaction. (+info)
The inadequacy of standard radiographs in detecting flaws in the cement mantle. (3/3521)Radiological assessment of the cement mantle is used routinely to determine the outcome of total hip replacement. We performed a simulated replacement arthroplasty on cadaver femora and took standard postoperative radiographs. The femora were then sectioned into 7 mm slices starting at the calcar, and high-resolution faxitron radiographs were taken of these sections. Analysis of the faxitron images showed that defects in the cement mantle were observed up to 100 times more frequently than on the standard films. We therefore encourage the search for a better technique in assessing the cement mantle. (+info)
Level of amputation following failed arterial reconstruction compared to primary amputation--a meta-analysis. (4/3521)OBJECTIVES: To determine if the level of amputation after failed vascular reconstruction was comparable to the level of amputation after primary amputation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Medline literature search (1975-1996), meta-analysis. RESULTS: The odds ratio of transtibial to transfemoral (TT/TF) amputations was 927/657 = 1.41 (95% confidence limits: 1.278-1.561) in postrevascularisation amputation (PRVA) and 1590/1162 = 1.37 (95% confidence limits: 1.269-1.477) in primary amputation (PA) (p = 0.65). The pooled data show that the number of conversions from transtibial (TT) to transfemoral (TF) amputations due to amputation stump complications were 85/369 (23%) in PRVA against 93/752 (12.4%) in PA (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We could not detect any difference in TT/TF ratio between PRVA and PA. However, the risk of conversion i.e. reamputation to a higher level is higher after PRVA compared to PA. The chance of having a successful transtibial amputation is approximately 58% for postrevascularisation amputation as well as for primary amputations. An aggressive approach towards vascular reconstruction seems justified. (+info)
Can transvaginal fetal biometry be considered a useful tool for early detection of skeletal dysplasias in high-risk patients? (5/3521)OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possibility of an early diagnosis of skeletal dysplasias in high-risk patients. METHODS: A total of 149 consecutive, uncomplicated singleton pregnancies at 9-13 weeks' amenorrhea, with certain menstrual history and regular cycles, were investigated with transvaginal ultrasound to establish the relationship between femur length and menstrual age, biparietal diameter and crown-rump length, using a polynomial regression model. A further eight patients with previous skeletal dysplasias in a total of 13 pregnancies were evaluated with serial examinations every 2 weeks from 10-11 weeks. RESULTS: A significant correlation between femur length and crown-rump length and biparietal diameter was found, whereas none was observed between femur length and menstrual age. Of the five cases with skeletal dysplasias, only two (one with recurrent osteogenesis imperfecta and one with recurrent achondrogenesis) were diagnosed in the first trimester. CONCLUSIONS: An early evaluation of fetal morphology in conjunction with the use of biometric charts of femur length against crown-rump length and femur length against biparietal diameter may be crucial for early diagnosis of severe skeletal dysplasias. By contrast, in less severe cases, biometric evaluation appears to be of no value for diagnosis. (+info)
Diacerhein treatment reduces the severity of osteoarthritis in the canine cruciate-deficiency model of osteoarthritis. (6/3521)OBJECTIVE: To determine if diacerhein protects against the early stages of joint damage in a canine model of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: OA was induced in 20 adult mongrel dogs by transection of the anterior cruciate ligament of the left knee. Beginning the day after surgery, dogs in the active treatment group were dosed twice a day with capsules of diacerhein, providing a total daily dose of 40 mg/kg, for 32 weeks. Dogs in the control group received placebo capsules on the same schedule. Pathology in the unstable knee was assessed arthroscopically 16 weeks after surgery and by direct observation when the dogs were killed 32 weeks after surgery. The severity of gross joint pathology was recorded, and samples of the medial femoral condyle cartilage and the synovial tissue adjacent to the central portion of the medial meniscus were collected for histologic evaluation. Water content and uronic acid concentration of the articular cartilage from the femoral condyle were determined, and collagenolytic activity in extracts of cartilage pooled from the medial and lateral tibial plateaus was assayed against 14C-labeled collagen fibers. RESULTS: Diacerhein treatment slowed the progression of OA, as measured by grading of gross changes in the unstable knee at arthroscopy 16 weeks after cruciate ligament transection (P = 0.04) and at the time the animals were killed, 32 weeks after surgery (P = 0.05). However, 32 weeks after ACL transection, the mean proteoglycan concentration and water content of the OA cartilage and the level of collagenolytic activity in extracts of the cartilage were not significantly different in the diacerhein treatment group than in the placebo treatment group. CONCLUSION: Diacerhein treatment significantly reduced the severity of morphologic changes of OA compared with placebo. These findings support the view that diacerhein may be a disease-modifying drug for OA. (+info)
Nocardia osteomyelitis in a pachymeningitis patient: an example of a difficult case to treat with antimicrobial agents. (7/3521)Antimicrobial agents played a miraculous role in the treatment of bacterial infections until resistant bacteria became widespread. Besides antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, many factors can influence the cure of infection. Nocardia infection may be a good example which is difficult to cure with antimicrobial agents alone. A 66-year-old man developed soft tissue infection of the right buttock and thigh. He was given prednisolone and azathioprine for pachymeningitis 3 months prior to admission. Despite surgical and antimicrobial treatment (sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim), the infection spread to the femur and osteomyelitis developed. The case showed that treatment of bacterial infection is not always as successful as was once thought because recent isolates of bacteria are more often resistant to various antimicrobial agents, intracellular parasites are difficult to eliminate even with the active drug in vitro, and infections in some sites such as bone are refractory to treatment especially when the patient is in a compromised state. In conclusion, for the treatment of infections, clinicians need to rely on laboratory tests more than before and have to consider the influence of various host factors. (+info)
Quantitative histology of the human growth plate. (8/3521)This paper describes a study in the human femur of the relationship between cell division in growth cartilage and overall bone growth. Growth rates for the distal femur from birth to eighteen years were determined from serial radiographs available from the Harpenden Growth Study; An average of 1-4 cm/year was found for the ages of five to eight years. The development of the growth plate is illustrated in a series of photomicrographs of femur sections. These sections were also used for quantitative histology; The length of the proliferation zone was estimated from cell counts to be twenty-four cells per column. On the basis of this value and the measured growth rate, an approximate mean cycle time of twenty days was found for the proliferating cells of the human growth plate. Since the corresponding cycle time is two days for rodent growth plates, which also have a different structure, it is unwise to extrapolate the findings in this tissue from mouse to man. (+info)
Femoral fractures are breaks or fractures that occur in the femur, which is the longest and strongest bone in the human body. The femur is located in the thigh and is responsible for supporting the weight of the body and facilitating movement of the lower limbs. Femoral fractures can occur as a result of a direct blow to the thigh, a fall from a height, or a severe impact during a motor vehicle accident. They can also occur as a complication of osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more susceptible to fractures. Femoral fractures can be classified based on their location, severity, and the presence of any associated injuries. Some common types of femoral fractures include: 1. Intertrochanteric fractures: These occur in the region between the greater and lesser trochanters, which are bony projections on the femur. 2. Subtrochanteric fractures: These occur below the greater trochanter and are often associated with a high risk of complications. 3. Femoral neck fractures: These occur at the junction between the shaft and the neck of the femur and are often associated with a high risk of complications, including nonunion and avascular necrosis. 4. Shaft fractures: These occur in the middle of the femur and can be caused by a direct blow or a fall from a height. Femoral fractures can be treated with a variety of methods, including surgery, casting, and physical therapy. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the fracture, the patient's overall health, and the presence of any associated injuries. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the bones and stabilize the fracture, while in other cases, casting or physical therapy may be sufficient for proper healing.
Femoral neoplasms refer to tumors or abnormal growths that develop in the femur, which is the largest and strongest bone in the human body. The femur is located in the thigh and is responsible for supporting the weight of the body and facilitating movement. Femoral neoplasms can be either benign or malignant, meaning they can either be non-cancerous or cancerous. Benign femoral neoplasms are usually slow-growing and do not spread to other parts of the body, while malignant femoral neoplasms can be aggressive and spread to other parts of the body, leading to serious health complications. Symptoms of femoral neoplasms may include pain, swelling, tenderness, and difficulty moving the affected leg. Diagnosis typically involves imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans, followed by biopsy to confirm the type and extent of the neoplasm. Treatment for femoral neoplasms depends on the type and severity of the condition. Benign neoplasms may be treated with surgery to remove the growth, while malignant neoplasms may require more aggressive treatment such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of both. In some cases, amputation of the affected leg may be necessary.
Femoral neck fractures are a type of bone fracture that occurs in the upper part of the femur, or thigh bone, near the hip joint. The femoral neck is a curved, narrow section of bone that connects the shaft of the femur to the ball-shaped head of the femur, which fits into the hip socket. Femoral neck fractures are typically caused by a fall or a direct blow to the hip, and they are more common in older adults, especially women, due to the thinning and weakening of bone that occurs with age. Femoral neck fractures can be classified into several types based on their location and severity, including simple fractures, comminuted fractures, and displaced fractures. Treatment options for femoral neck fractures may include non-surgical management, such as bed rest and pain medication, or surgical intervention, such as internal fixation with screws or pins, or replacement of the femoral neck with a prosthetic device. The choice of treatment depends on the age and overall health of the patient, as well as the type and severity of the fracture.
Bone density is a measure of the amount of bone mineral content (BMC) in a specific area of the body, usually expressed in grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm³). It is an important indicator of bone health and strength, and is commonly used to diagnose and monitor osteoporosis, a condition characterized by low bone density and increased risk of fractures. Bone density is typically measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which involves passing two low-energy X-ray beams through the body and measuring the amount of X-ray energy absorbed by the bones. The difference in the amount of energy absorbed by the bones at different energies is used to calculate bone density. Normal bone density is considered to be within a certain range, and bone density measurements below this range are considered to be low or osteoporotic. Low bone density is a risk factor for fractures, particularly of the spine, hip, and wrist. Treatment for low bone density may include lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a healthy diet, as well as medications to increase bone density or prevent further bone loss.
In the medical field, "bone and bones" typically refers to the skeletal system, which is made up of bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues. The skeletal system provides support and structure to the body, protects vital organs, and allows for movement through the use of muscles. Bones are the main component of the skeletal system and are responsible for providing support and protection to the body. There are 206 bones in the human body, which are classified into four types: long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones. Long bones, such as the femur and humerus, are cylindrical in shape and are found in the arms and legs. Short bones, such as the carpals and tarsals, are cube-shaped and are found in the wrists and ankles. Flat bones, such as the skull and ribs, are thin and flat and provide protection to vital organs. Irregular bones, such as the vertebrae and pelvis, have complex shapes that allow for specific functions. Overall, the bone and bones of the skeletal system play a crucial role in maintaining the health and function of the human body.
In the medical field, "bone nails" typically refer to a type of internal fixation device used in orthopedic surgery to stabilize fractures or other injuries to long bones. Bone nails are typically made of metal and are inserted into the bone through a small incision, where they are used to hold the broken bone fragments in place while they heal. There are several types of bone nails, including intramedullary nails, which are inserted into the center of the bone, and external fixators, which are attached to the bone on the outside. Bone nails are commonly used to treat fractures of the femur, tibia, and humerus, as well as other long bones in the body. The use of bone nails can help to reduce the risk of complications associated with open fractures, such as infection, and can also help to speed up the healing process. However, as with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications associated with the use of bone nails, and patients should discuss these with their healthcare provider before undergoing the procedure.
Femur head necrosis, also known as avascular necrosis of the femoral head, is a medical condition in which the bone tissue in the upper part of the thigh bone (femur) dies due to a lack of blood supply. This can occur as a result of a variety of factors, including injury, illness, or certain medications. The condition can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected joint, and may eventually lead to the need for joint replacement surgery.
Biomechanical phenomena refer to the study of the mechanical properties and behavior of living organisms, particularly in relation to movement and function. In the medical field, biomechanical phenomena are often studied in the context of musculoskeletal disorders, sports injuries, and rehabilitation. This involves analyzing the forces and movements involved in various activities, such as walking, running, or lifting, and how they affect the body's tissues and structures. Biomechanical engineers and researchers use a variety of techniques, including computer simulations, imaging technologies, and physical measurements, to study biomechanical phenomena and develop new treatments and interventions for a range of medical conditions.
A hip fracture is a type of bone fracture that occurs in the hip joint, which is the ball-and-socket joint where the femur (thigh bone) meets the pelvis. Hip fractures are typically caused by a fall or other type of trauma, and they are most common in older adults, particularly those who are osteoporotic or have other conditions that weaken the bones. There are two main types of hip fractures: intracapsular fractures and extracapsular fractures. Intracapsular fractures occur within the joint capsule, while extracapsular fractures occur outside of the joint capsule. Both types of fractures can be very serious and can lead to complications such as infection, blood clots, and difficulty walking. Treatment for hip fractures typically involves surgery to repair the fracture and stabilize the joint. In some cases, nonsurgical treatment may be appropriate, particularly for older adults who are not good candidates for surgery. After treatment, physical therapy is often recommended to help patients regain strength and mobility in the affected leg.
Periprosthetic fractures are fractures that occur around a prosthetic joint, such as a hip or knee replacement. These fractures can occur as a result of normal wear and tear on the prosthetic joint, or they can occur as a result of trauma or other factors. Periprosthetic fractures can be a serious complication of prosthetic joint replacement and may require surgical intervention to repair. They are more common in older adults and in patients with osteoporosis or other bone diseases.
In the medical field, "Fractures, Spontaneous" refers to a type of bone fracture that occurs without any external force or trauma. These fractures are also known as spontaneous or stress fractures and are typically caused by repetitive stress or overuse on a particular bone. Spontaneous fractures are more common in older adults, especially those with osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more susceptible to fractures. Other risk factors for spontaneous fractures include prolonged bed rest, certain medications, and medical conditions such as hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease. Symptoms of spontaneous fractures may include pain, swelling, tenderness, and difficulty moving the affected area. Diagnosis is typically made through imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. Treatment for spontaneous fractures depends on the severity of the fracture and the underlying cause. In some cases, rest and immobilization may be sufficient for the bone to heal on its own. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the fracture and stabilize the bone.
Osteoporosis is a medical condition characterized by a decrease in bone density and strength, making bones more fragile and prone to fractures. It is a common condition, particularly in older adults, and can affect both men and women. In osteoporosis, the bones become porous and brittle, which can lead to fractures even with minor trauma or falls. The most common sites for osteoporosis-related fractures are the spine, hip, and wrist. Osteoporosis is often diagnosed through a bone density test, which measures the amount of bone mineral density in the hip and spine. Risk factors for osteoporosis include age, gender, family history, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain medical conditions such as thyroid disease or rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment for osteoporosis typically involves medications to increase bone density and reduce the risk of fractures, as well as lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and a healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.
In the medical field, bone plates are surgical implants used to stabilize and repair fractures or other injuries to bones. They are typically made of metal, such as titanium or stainless steel, and are designed to fit precisely onto the bone to provide support and promote healing. Bone plates are usually secured to the bone using screws, pins, or other types of fixation devices. They can be used to treat a wide range of bone injuries, including fractures, dislocations, and osteotomies (surgical cuts made in bones to realign them). The use of bone plates has revolutionized the treatment of bone injuries, allowing for faster and more accurate healing, and reducing the risk of complications such as nonunion (failure of the bone to heal) or malunion (healing of the bone in the wrong position).
Bone remodeling is a continuous process that occurs in the human body to maintain the strength and integrity of bones. It involves the coordinated activity of bone-forming cells called osteoblasts and bone-resorbing cells called osteoclasts. During bone remodeling, osteoclasts break down old or damaged bone tissue, releasing minerals and other components into the bloodstream. Osteoblasts then lay down new bone tissue to replace the old bone that was removed. This process of bone resorption followed by bone formation is a dynamic equilibrium that helps to maintain the balance between bone strength and bone density. Bone remodeling is influenced by a variety of factors, including hormones, mechanical stress, and age. For example, during childhood and adolescence, bone remodeling is stimulated by growth hormones and physical activity, leading to increased bone density and strength. In older adults, bone remodeling slows down, leading to a decrease in bone density and an increased risk of fractures. Disruptions in the bone remodeling process can lead to a variety of bone disorders, including osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, and Paget's disease. Understanding the mechanisms of bone remodeling is important for developing effective treatments for these conditions.
Leg length inequality (LLI) refers to a condition where one leg is longer than the other. This can result in a difference in the length of the lower limbs, which can cause discomfort, pain, and other symptoms. LLI can be caused by a variety of factors, including birth defects, accidents, and diseases such as osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. Treatment for LLI may include shoe inserts, orthotics, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
Absorptiometry, Photon is a medical imaging technique used to measure the amount of light absorbed by different tissues in the body. It is commonly used to measure bone density and diagnose osteoporosis, but it can also be used to measure the density of other tissues, such as muscle and fat. In this technique, a beam of low-energy photons is directed at the body and the amount of light that is absorbed by the tissue is measured. The amount of light absorbed is proportional to the density of the tissue, so by measuring the amount of light absorbed, the density of the tissue can be determined. There are two main types of photon absorptiometry: single-energy absorptiometry and dual-energy absorptiometry. Single-energy absorptiometry uses a single energy level of photons, while dual-energy absorptiometry uses two different energy levels of photons. Dual-energy absorptiometry is more accurate than single-energy absorptiometry, but it is also more complex and expensive. Overall, photon absorptiometry is a useful tool for measuring bone density and diagnosing osteoporosis, as well as for measuring the density of other tissues in the body.
Bone development, also known as osteogenesis, is the process by which bones grow and mature. It involves the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into osteoblasts, which are specialized cells that produce bone matrix. The bone matrix is a composite of collagen fibers and minerals, including calcium and phosphate, that give bones their strength and rigidity. During bone development, osteoblasts secrete bone matrix, which is then mineralized with calcium and phosphate. As the bone matrix mineralizes, osteoblasts differentiate into osteocytes, which are mature bone cells that are embedded within the bone matrix. Osteocytes are responsible for maintaining bone health by regulating bone resorption and formation. Bone development occurs throughout life, with the highest rates of bone growth occurring during childhood and adolescence. However, bone development is not complete until the early 20s, and bone continues to be remodeled and strengthened throughout life through a process called bone remodeling. Disruptions in bone development can lead to a variety of bone disorders, including osteogenesis imperfecta, which is a genetic disorder characterized by brittle bones, and rickets, which is a vitamin D deficiency that can lead to soft and weak bones.
Arthroplasty, replacement, hip is a surgical procedure in which the damaged or diseased hip joint is replaced with an artificial joint made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. The procedure is typically performed to relieve pain, improve mobility, and restore function to the hip joint. During the surgery, the damaged or diseased parts of the hip joint, such as the ball and socket, are removed and replaced with artificial components. The artificial joint is then secured in place using screws, pins, or cement. There are several types of hip arthroplasty, including total hip replacement, partial hip replacement, and hip resurfacing. The choice of procedure depends on the severity of the condition, the patient's age and overall health, and other factors. Hip arthroplasty is a common and effective treatment for conditions such as osteoarthritis, hip fractures, and hip dysplasia. However, like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks, including infection, blood clots, and dislocation.
Bone lengthening, also known as limb lengthening or distraction osteogenesis, is a surgical procedure used to increase the length of a bone. This procedure is typically performed to correct limb length discrepancies, such as those caused by a congenital defect, a fracture that did not heal properly, or a difference in leg length that has caused chronic pain or other problems. During the procedure, a device called an external fixator is attached to the bone above and below the area where lengthening is desired. The fixator is then gradually tightened over a period of several weeks, causing the bone to slowly lengthen. This process is called distraction osteogenesis. Bone lengthening can be a complex and time-consuming procedure, and it is typically only recommended for patients who have significant limb length discrepancies that cannot be corrected with other methods. The procedure may also be associated with some risks and complications, such as infection, nerve damage, and blood clots. However, when performed by a skilled surgeon, bone lengthening can be an effective way to improve a patient's quality of life and alleviate chronic pain.
Bone diseases, metabolic, refer to a group of disorders that affect the normal metabolism of bone tissue, leading to changes in bone structure and strength. These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic mutations, hormonal imbalances, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and certain medications. Some common examples of metabolic bone diseases include: 1. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by low bone density and increased risk of fractures. 2. Osteogenesis imperfecta: A genetic disorder that causes bones to be weak and brittle, leading to frequent fractures. 3. Hyperparathyroidism: A condition in which the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone, leading to increased bone resorption and decreased bone density. 4. Hypoparathyroidism: A condition in which the parathyroid glands produce too little parathyroid hormone, leading to decreased bone resorption and increased bone density. 5. Rickets: A condition that primarily affects children and is characterized by soft, weak bones due to a lack of vitamin D or calcium. 6. Osteomalacia: A condition that primarily affects adults and is characterized by soft, weak bones due to a lack of vitamin D or calcium. Treatment for metabolic bone diseases typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the disorder, such as correcting vitamin or mineral deficiencies, treating hormonal imbalances, or surgically removing or replacing affected bones. In some cases, medications may also be prescribed to help prevent or slow the progression of bone loss.
A bony callus is a hard, dense mass of bone tissue that forms on the surface of a bone in response to injury or healing. It is a natural process that occurs when the bone is broken or damaged, and new bone tissue is laid down to repair the injury. The bony callus helps to stabilize the bone and prevent further damage, and it eventually fades away as the bone heals completely. Bony calluses can also form on the ends of long bones, such as the femur or tibia, in response to repetitive stress or overuse. They are typically asymptomatic and do not require treatment unless they cause pain or interfere with normal function.
In the medical field, a cadaver refers to a dead human body that has been donated for the purpose of medical education, research, or training. Cadavers are often used in anatomy classes, surgical training, and other medical education programs to help students and professionals learn about the human body and its structures. The process of donating a body for medical use is known as body donation or anatomical donation. It involves signing a consent form and making arrangements with a medical school or other organization that accepts body donations. The body is then prepared for use through a process called embalming, which involves preserving the body with chemicals to prevent decay and decomposition. Cadavers are an important resource in medical education and research, as they provide a way for students and professionals to study the human body in detail and gain hands-on experience with surgical procedures and other medical techniques.
Bone transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a piece of healthy bone is taken from one part of the body and transplanted to another part of the body where there is a deficiency or damage to the bone. The transplanted bone can be used to replace a missing bone, to repair a broken bone, or to stabilize a bone that is at risk of breaking. There are several types of bone transplantation, including autografts, allografts, and synthetic bone grafts. Autografts involve taking bone from one part of the body and transplanting it to another part of the body. Allografts involve taking bone from a donor and transplanting it to the recipient. Synthetic bone grafts are made from materials such as ceramics or polymers and are used when there is not enough healthy bone available for transplantation. Bone transplantation is typically performed under general anesthesia and may require a hospital stay for several days. After the procedure, the transplanted bone will need time to heal and integrate with the surrounding tissue. Physical therapy may be recommended to help the patient regain strength and mobility in the affected area.
Bone cements are medical materials that are used to fill bone defects or to attach artificial joints to the bone. They are typically made of a powder and a liquid that are mixed together and then injected into the bone. The powder and liquid react chemically to form a hard, durable material that bonds to the bone and provides support for the artificial joint or implant. Bone cements are commonly used in orthopedic surgery to treat conditions such as fractures, osteoarthritis, and bone tumors. They are also used in dental surgery to anchor dental implants in the jawbone.
In the medical field, "Fractures, Ununited" refers to a condition where a bone that has been broken has not healed properly, resulting in the two broken ends of the bone remaining separated. This can occur due to a variety of factors, including inadequate treatment, poor bone quality, or underlying medical conditions that affect the healing process. Ununited fractures can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected area. In some cases, they can also lead to complications such as infection, deformity, and chronic pain. Treatment options for ununited fractures may include surgery to realign and stabilize the bone, physical therapy to improve range of motion and strength, and pain management to alleviate discomfort. The specific treatment approach will depend on the severity and location of the fracture, as well as the overall health of the patient.
Bone neoplasms are abnormal growths or tumors that develop in the bones. They can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign bone neoplasms are usually slow-growing and do not spread to other parts of the body, while malignant bone neoplasms can be invasive and spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. There are several types of bone neoplasms, including osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and multiple myeloma. These tumors can affect any bone in the body, but they are most commonly found in the long bones of the arms and legs, such as the femur and tibia. Symptoms of bone neoplasms may include pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected bone, as well as bone fractures that do not heal properly. Diagnosis typically involves imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI scans, and CT scans, as well as a biopsy to examine a sample of the tumor tissue. Treatment for bone neoplasms depends on the type and stage of the tumor, as well as the patient's overall health. Options may include surgery to remove the tumor, radiation therapy to kill cancer cells, chemotherapy to shrink the tumor, and targeted therapy to block the growth of cancer cells. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used.
In the medical field, compressive strength refers to the ability of a material to withstand the force of compression, or the pressure exerted on it in a direction perpendicular to its surface. This is an important property to consider when designing medical devices, implants, and other equipment that may be subjected to compressive forces during use. For example, the compressive strength of a bone graft material is an important factor to consider when selecting a material for use in bone replacement surgery. The graft material must be able to withstand the compressive forces exerted on it by the surrounding bone tissue as it heals and integrates with the graft. Similarly, the compressive strength of a dental implant is an important factor to consider when selecting a material for use in dental implant surgery. The implant must be able to withstand the compressive forces exerted on it by the surrounding jawbone as it integrates with the implant and supports the replacement tooth. Overall, compressive strength is an important property to consider in the design and selection of medical materials and devices, as it can impact their performance and safety in use.
In the medical field, "fractures, comminuted" refers to a type of bone fracture where the bone is broken into multiple pieces or fragments. This type of fracture is often caused by a severe impact or force, such as a fall from a great height or a car accident. Comminuted fractures can be more difficult to treat than other types of fractures because the bone fragments are often misaligned or displaced, making it harder to set the bone properly. In addition, comminuted fractures may take longer to heal and may be more prone to complications such as infection or nonunion (where the bone fails to heal properly). Treatment for comminuted fractures typically involves surgery to realign and stabilize the bone fragments using plates, screws, or other hardware. Physical therapy may also be necessary to help the patient regain strength and mobility in the affected area.
Calcification, physiologic refers to the normal process of calcium deposition in tissues and organs throughout the body. This process is essential for the development and maintenance of many structures, such as bones, teeth, and blood vessels. In the context of the medical field, physiologic calcification is generally considered to be a normal and healthy process. However, excessive or abnormal calcification can lead to a variety of health problems, such as atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), kidney stones, and calcification of soft tissues. Physiologic calcification is typically the result of the deposition of calcium and other minerals in response to various stimuli, such as hormonal changes, aging, and injury. It is a complex process that involves the interaction of multiple factors, including calcium and phosphate levels in the blood, vitamin D metabolism, and the activity of various enzymes and proteins. Overall, physiologic calcification is an important aspect of human physiology and plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of many structures and functions throughout the body.
Prosthesis failure refers to the malfunction or breakdown of a medical device or implant, such as a prosthetic limb, heart valve, or joint replacement, that is intended to replace or support a missing or damaged body part. Prosthesis failure can occur due to a variety of factors, including design flaws, manufacturing defects, inappropriate use or care, or the natural wear and tear of the device over time. Symptoms of prosthesis failure may include pain, swelling, infection, movement restrictions, or the device becoming loose or dislodged. Treatment for prosthesis failure may involve repairing or replacing the device, adjusting the device's fit or function, or administering medications or other therapies to manage symptoms or complications.
In the medical field, bone screws are a type of orthopedic implant used to stabilize and secure bones during surgery. They are typically made of metal and are designed to be inserted into the bone to provide support and hold the bone in place while it heals. Bone screws are commonly used in orthopedic procedures such as fracture repair, joint replacement, and spinal surgery. They are usually inserted using a specialized surgical tool, and may be secured with a plate or other type of fixation device to provide additional stability. There are many different types of bone screws, including cortical screws, cancellous screws, and pedicle screws, which are used in different parts of the body and for different types of procedures. The specific type of bone screw used will depend on the location and severity of the injury or condition being treated, as well as the surgeon's preference and experience.
Bone density conservation agents, also known as bisphosphonates, are a class of medications used to treat and prevent osteoporosis, a condition characterized by low bone density and an increased risk of fractures. These medications work by inhibiting the activity of osteoclasts, cells responsible for breaking down bone tissue, and promoting the activity of osteoblasts, cells responsible for building new bone tissue. By doing so, bisphosphonates help to increase bone density and reduce the risk of fractures, particularly in the spine, hip, and wrist. They are typically taken orally or injected, and are often prescribed for postmenopausal women and men with osteoporosis or other conditions that increase the risk of bone loss.
In the medical field, cementation refers to the process of using a cementing material to bond two or more objects together. This is often used in orthopedic surgery to attach artificial joints or implants to the bone. The cementing material, typically a type of acrylic resin, is applied to the implant and then pressed into place in the bone. The cement hardens and forms a strong bond between the implant and the bone, providing stability and support for the joint. Cementation is also used in other medical procedures, such as dental implant placement and the repair of bone fractures.
Alendronate is a medication used to treat and prevent osteoporosis, a condition in which the bones become weak and brittle. It works by slowing down the process of bone breakdown and increasing bone density. Alendronate is typically taken orally in the form of a tablet or liquid, and is usually prescribed once a week. It is also used to treat Paget's disease of the bone, a condition in which the bone tissue is overactive and breaks down too quickly. Alendronate is generally well-tolerated, but can cause side effects such as heartburn, nausea, and difficulty swallowing.
Fractures, bone refer to a break or crack in a bone that occurs due to trauma or injury. Fractures can be classified based on their severity, location, and type. There are several types of bone fractures, including: 1. Simple fractures: These are clean breaks in the bone with no displacement of the broken ends. 2. Compound fractures: These are breaks in the bone that involve the skin and/or soft tissues surrounding the bone. 3. Comminuted fractures: These are fractures in which the bone is broken into multiple pieces. 4. Stress fractures: These are small cracks in the bone that occur due to repetitive stress or overuse. 5. Open fractures: These are fractures in which the broken bone pierces through the skin. 6. Closed fractures: These are fractures in which the broken bone is contained within the skin. The treatment for bone fractures depends on the severity and location of the fracture, as well as the patient's overall health. Treatment options may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), casting, surgery, or physical therapy.
Bone resorption is a process in which bone tissue is broken down and removed by osteoclasts, which are specialized cells in the bone marrow. This process is a normal part of bone remodeling, which is the continuous process of bone formation and resorption that occurs throughout life. Bone resorption is necessary for the growth and development of bones, as well as for the repair of damaged bone tissue. However, excessive bone resorption can lead to a number of medical conditions, including osteoporosis, which is a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones that are prone to fractures. Other conditions that can be caused by excessive bone resorption include Paget's disease of bone, which is a disorder that causes the bones to become abnormally thick and weak, and hyperparathyroidism, which is a condition in which the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone, which can lead to increased bone resorption. Bone resorption can also be caused by certain medications, such as corticosteroids, and by certain medical conditions, such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. In these cases, bone resorption can lead to a loss of bone mass and density, which can increase the risk of fractures and other complications.
"Bone Diseases, Developmental" refers to a group of medical conditions that affect the development and growth of bones in the body. These conditions can be caused by genetic mutations, hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, or other factors that disrupt the normal process of bone formation and remodeling. Examples of developmental bone diseases include: 1. Osteogenesis imperfecta: A genetic disorder that causes bones to be weak and brittle, making them prone to fractures. 2. Rickets: A vitamin D deficiency that leads to softening and weakening of bones, particularly in children. 3. Osteopetrosis: A rare genetic disorder that causes bones to become abnormally dense and brittle, leading to fractures and other complications. 4. Osteomalacia: A vitamin D deficiency that causes bones to become soft and weak, particularly in adults. 5. Fibrous dysplasia: A genetic disorder that causes abnormal bone growth, leading to deformities and fractures. Treatment for developmental bone diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. In some cases, medications or supplements may be prescribed to address underlying hormonal or nutritional imbalances. In other cases, surgery may be necessary to correct bone deformities or repair fractures. Physical therapy and other supportive measures may also be recommended to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
In the medical field, "Fractures, Closed" refers to a type of bone injury where the bone is broken but the skin remains intact and there is no open wound or bleeding. This type of fracture is also known as a "closed fracture" or a "simple fracture." Closed fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, including falls, accidents, sports injuries, and even some medical conditions such as osteoporosis. Symptoms of a closed fracture may include pain, swelling, tenderness, and difficulty moving the affected area. Treatment for closed fractures typically involves immobilizing the affected bone with a cast or brace to allow it to heal properly. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the broken bone and ensure proper healing. It is important to seek medical attention for a suspected closed fracture to prevent complications and ensure proper treatment.
Bone malalignment refers to a condition where the bones in the body are not aligned properly, resulting in an abnormal position or orientation of the bones. This can occur due to a variety of factors, including injury, genetic factors, or developmental abnormalities. In the medical field, bone malalignment can be a serious condition that can lead to pain, limited mobility, and other complications. It can affect any part of the body, including the spine, hips, knees, and feet. Treatment for bone malalignment depends on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. In some cases, conservative treatments such as physical therapy, braces, or orthotics may be sufficient to correct the alignment. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the bones and restore proper function.
Biometry is the scientific study of the measurement and analysis of biological data, particularly in the context of medical research and clinical practice. It involves the use of statistical and mathematical techniques to analyze and interpret data related to the structure, function, and development of living organisms, including humans. In the medical field, biometry is used to measure various biological parameters, such as body size, shape, and composition, as well as physiological and biochemical markers of health and disease. Biometric data can be collected using a variety of techniques, including imaging, laboratory tests, and physical measurements. Biometry is an important tool in medical research, as it allows researchers to quantify and compare biological variables across different populations and study designs. It is also used in clinical practice to diagnose and monitor diseases, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments and interventions.
Bone diseases refer to a group of medical conditions that affect the structure, strength, and function of bones. These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, hormonal imbalances, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, infections, and injuries. Some common bone diseases include osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget's disease, and bone cancer. Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones that are prone to fractures, especially in the spine, hip, and wrist. Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder that causes bones to be abnormally weak and brittle, leading to frequent fractures and deformities. Paget's disease is a chronic disorder that causes bones to become thickened and misshapen due to excessive bone remodeling. Bone cancer, also known as skeletal sarcoma, is a rare type of cancer that starts in the bone or bone marrow. Treatment for bone diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. It may include medications, lifestyle changes, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. Early detection and treatment are important for preventing complications and improving outcomes.
Extremity of femur
Body of femur
Head of femur
Pectineal line (femur)
Intercondylar fossa of femur
Lateral condyle of femur
Medial condyle of femur
Head of Femur (band)
Adductor tubercle of femur
Tubercle of the femur
Femur fibula ulna syndrome
Upper extremity of femur
Lower extremity of femur
Ligament of head of femur
Lateral epicondyle of the femur
Medial epicondyle of the femur
Comparison of Indonesian and Standard Malay
List of Monster High characters
Femur epicondyle - Wikipedia
NCHS - 404 Error - Resource Not Available
Fracture of the Femur
Femur fracture repair - discharge: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Tibia and femur | Stryker
Supracondylar Femur Fractures Guidelines: Guidelines Summary
NHANES 2005-2006: Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry - Femur Data Documentation, Codebook, and Frequencies
femur replacement - Cancer Survivors Network
Fosamax Femur Fracture Side Effects - Fosamax Lawsuits
Validation of X-ray fluorescence-measured Swine femur lead against atomic absorption spectrometry. | Environmental Health...
Glutathione synthetase deficiency: a novel mutation with femur agenesis - PubMed
3P Naturals - Raw Lamb Femurs - Split - Growlies Pet Foods
Percentage of Adults Aged 65 and Over With Osteoporosis or Low Bone Mass at the Femur Neck or Lumbar Spine: United States, 2005...
Proximal femur shape differs between subjects with lateral and medial knee osteoarthritis and controls: the Osteoarthritis...
Post-accident Right Leg Fractures with Surgical Intramedullary Nail Fixation of the Femur : Medical Exhibit
Fascinating Femurs!! A 6-micron look into mouse bone structure | NIH Research Festival
Left-right differences in the proximal femur's strength of post-menopausal women: a multicentric finite element study. | Hjarta
Femur Fracture - Specialty Orthopaedics
Femur fractures from Massachusetts car crashes
Periprosthetic Femur Fracture T84.049A 996.44 | eORIF
JDialogSKI10 femur eval pre (MIPAV API Documentation)
Anterior approach (Smith-Petersen) to the proximal femur
Welcome Mortals - Engraved Femur Bone - The Blackened Teeth Ltd
Diaphyseal Femur Fractures: Practice Essentials, Anatomy, Pathophysiology and Etiology
Femur Large Left distal valgus deformity F1130 - London Bone Company
OrthoMedia Media - Distal Femur Osteotomy to Correct (Knock-Knee) Deformity
Knee Fracture Treatment Rexburg ID | Distal Femur Fracture Rexburg ID
- Not sure of your status as I have just joined the CSN, but wanted to let you know that I had my right femur replaced just about 6 weeks ago due to Chrondrosarcoma in my right femur. (cancer.org)
- I broke the right femur in 06 for no apparant reason and the left femur in June of 07. (youhavealawyer.com)
- The patient also had unilateral right femur agenesis. (nih.gov)
- Beginning in 2005, DXA scans of the proximal femur have been administered in the NHANES mobile examination center (MEC). (cdc.gov)
- This study examined the association of proximal femur shape with ipsilateral medial and lateral compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). (nih.gov)
- Joint contractures, scoliosis, hip dysplasia, and metallic implants often prevent reliable measures of bone mineral density (BMD) in the proximal femur and lumbar spine, where BMD is commonly measured. (nih.gov)
- The current study suggests that the Tang classification system is more reliable than the Evans, Jensen, and AO/OTA classification systems for measuring intertrochanteric fractures of the proximal femur . (bvsalud.org)
- Your hip is the joint where your femur (thigh bone) meets your pelvis (hip bone). (icdlist.com)
- There are two main parts: a ball at the end of the femur, which fits in a socket in the pelvis. (icdlist.com)
- This is because you have a ball at the end of your femur, and it fits into a socket in your pelvis. (icdlist.com)
- Neoplastic bone tissue shown in the area of the pelvis and femur, anterior view. (utoronto.ca)
Fracture of the Femur1
- Shahcheraghi GH, Doroodchi HR. Supracondylar fracture of the femur: closed or open reduction? (medscape.com)
Dual Energy X-ray A3
- Users of the 2005-2006 dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry femur bone data (DXXFEM_D) are encouraged to read the documentation before accessing the data file. (cdc.gov)
- In an effort to obtain bone density measures that are both technically feasible and clinically relevant, a technique was developed involving dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measures of the distal femur projected in the lateral plane. (nih.gov)
- In 2005-2010, BMD at the femur neck and lumbar spine was measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). (cdc.gov)
Distal femur fractures3
- Treatment of acute distal femur fractures. (medscape.com)
- Herrera DA, Kregor PJ, Cole PA, Levy BA, Jönsson A, Zlowodzki M. Treatment of acute distal femur fractures above a total knee arthroplasty: systematic review of 415 cases (1981-2006). (medscape.com)
- Systematic review of the treatment of periprosthetic distal femur fractures. (eorif.com)
- A new NCHS Health E-Stat provides information on the percentage of U.S. adults aged 65 and over with osteoporosis and low bone mass at the femur neck or lumbar spine, using data from the 2005-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (cdc.gov)
- During 2005-2010, 16.2% of adults aged 65 and over had osteoporosis at the lumbar spine or femur neck. (cdc.gov)
- Recent estimates of the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass at the femur neck or lumbar spine in U.S. adults focused on adults aged 50 and over ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- Observations for persons missing a femur neck or lumbar spine measurement were not included in the data analysis. (cdc.gov)
- So technically, a knee fracture is also a femur fracture . (gearyandgeary.com)
- A mid-shaft femur fracture in a high-energy trauma victim should prompt a careful search for an ipsilateral fracture of the femoral neck, which will be present in 5% of patients. (medscape.com)
- The femur is one of the strongest bones in the body, and a break or fracture in the femur bone is often caused by severe injury such as trauma sustained in a motor vehicle accident. (specialtyorthony.com)
- However, the severe trauma resulting from motor vehicle accidents can cause femur injuries. (gearyandgeary.com)
- Atypical fractures of the femur can occur after minimal or no trauma. (nih.gov)
- Olerud S. Operative treatment of supracondylar--condylar fractures of the femur. (medscape.com)
- Complications of surgically treated supracondylar fractures of the femur. (medscape.com)
- Zehntner MK, Marchesi DG, Burch H, Ganz R. Alignment of supracondylar/intercondylar fractures of the femur after internal fixation by AO/ASIF technique. (medscape.com)
- Halpenny J, Rorabeck CH. Supracondylar fractures of the femur: results of treatment of 61 patients. (medscape.com)
- The femur can be divided into regions consisting of the head, neck, intertrochanteric, subtrochanteric (extending 5 cm distal to the lesser trochanter), shaft, supracondylar, and condylar regions. (medscape.com)
- During the procedure, metal pins or screws are inserted into the middle of the femur and tibia and are attached to a device outside the skin to hold bone fragments in place to allow alignment and healing. (uppervalleyortho.com)
- The femur is the thigh bone and the longest and strongest bone in the human body. (gearyandgeary.com)
- [ 5 ] A CT scan of the femoral neck may be helpful in high-risk patients such as those with associated fractures of the acetabulum, the distal femur, or the patella. (medscape.com)
- During motor vehicle accidents, femur fractures usually run along the length of the bone because violent force generally causes the femur to fracture in a specific pattern. (gearyandgeary.com)
- Once the patient's airway, breathing, and circulation (ABCs) are cleared by the general surgeons, a secondary survey should be carried out that rules out the significant injuries often associated with the great deal of force required to fracture the femur, the longest bone in the body. (medscape.com)
- In addition to the low-energy femur fractures associated with Fosamax, users have also reported deterioration of the bone in the jaw, hip, knees and shoulders, which can cause permanently disabling injuries. (youhavealawyer.com)
- A broken femur is one of the most common and sometimes most devastating injuries that Texas residents can sustain in motor vehicle accidents. (beetonshabot.com)
- Complicated femur injuries and other health issues resulting from accidents caused by the negligence of another party may involve hundreds of thousands of dollars in medical costs. (beetonshabot.com)
- Concerns regarding the rare side effects of antiresorptive therapies, such as atypical femur fracture, have contributed to the underuse of osteoporosis drugs. (revistaendocrino.org)
- There is significant uncertainty about how to treat patients after they have suffered an atypical femur fracture. (revistaendocrino.org)
- The association of race/ethnicity and risk of atypical femur fracture among older women receiving oral bisphosphonate therapy. (revistaendocrino.org)
- Detection of Atypical Femur Fractures. (revistaendocrino.org)
- Medical management of patients after atypical femur fractures: A systematic review and recommendations from the European Calcified Tissue society. (revistaendocrino.org)
- The NHANES DXA femur bone measurements component provides nationally representative data on 1) femur bone mineral content, bone area, and bone mineral density and 2) estimates of the prevalence of osteoporosis. (cdc.gov)
- The aim of this study was to apply the technique of (109)Cd-based K-shell X-ray fluorescence (XRF) bone lead measurements to swine femurs and to validate the concentrations obtained therefrom against an independent chemical measurement of bone lead: atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). (nih.gov)
- Measurements of swine femur and, by extension, of nonhuman bones may require adjustment of the XRF spectrum peak extraction method. (nih.gov)
- Long bone analysis typically turns to high-resolution micro-CT to determine quantitative results of trabecular, cortical and whole femur measurements. (nih.gov)
- Femur epicondyle may refer to: Lateral epicondyle of the femur Medial epicondyle of the femur This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Femur epicondyle. (wikipedia.org)
- You could club your dinner over the head, you could use the femur as a door stop, or you could wear it around your neck as an intimidating accessory. (sciencejewelry1824.shop)
- 820.09 is a legacy non-billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of other closed transcervical fracture of neck of femur. (icdlist.com)
- My mother recently fractured her both femurs 3 months apart…She has been on Fasomax for 11 years…3 years ago she started complaing of severe bone, muscle and joint pain.Doctors pinned it on arthritis. (youhavealawyer.com)
- Symptoms of a femur fracture include severe pain, swelling, tenderness, physical deformity and often, the inability to walk. (specialtyorthony.com)
- Treatment for a femur fracture often includes setting and immobilizing the leg, and in severe cases, surgery may be required to ensure proper healing. (specialtyorthony.com)
- The relationship between distal femur BMD Z-scores and fracture history was assessed in a cross-sectional study of 619 children aged 6 to 18 years with muscular dystrophy or moderate to severe cerebral palsy compiled from eight centers. (nih.gov)
- These factors combine to make femur fractures more common and often more severe among these groups. (beetonshabot.com)
- If you are experiencing symptoms of femur fracture, visit Specialty Orthopaedics. (specialtyorthony.com)
- Bone neoplasms, on the pelvic bones and femur, shown in isolation, in 3 numbered illustrations. (utoronto.ca)
- Internal fixation devices, including plates, rods or screws, may also be used to maintain proper position of the femur during healing. (specialtyorthony.com)
- Classification of femur trochanteric fracture: Evaluating the reliability of Tang classification. (bvsalud.org)
- A fracture can occur anywhere on the femur. (gearyandgeary.com)
- The femur is one of the largest and strongest bones in the human body. (medscape.com)
- Potential cases are also being reviewed for individuals who have experienced necrosis of the hip, knee or shoulder as well as low-energy femur fractures or broken bones on Fosamax . (youhavealawyer.com)
- Buy our femur necklace to show off your love for bones… or caveman dinner tools. (sciencejewelry1824.shop)
- I'm about to have another metal hip and femur repacement/reconstruction#21.It's been delayed twice due to breast cancer surgery. (cancer.org)
- In the most common surgery to repair a femur fracture, the surgeon inserts a rod or large nail into the center of the bone. (medlineplus.gov)
- Prolonged use of the osteoporosis drug may overly suppress bone metabolism, impacting the ability of the bone to repair microdamage to the femur. (youhavealawyer.com)
- six were total hip replacements & 1 for reconstructure of the fractured femur after their 2nd attempt.My femur has crumbled about 3 inchines & the july surg did not take either. (cancer.org)
- The main reason for completed, but invalid, femur scans was panniculus, an "apron" or redundant layer of fat tissue at the lowest portion of the abdominal wall. (cdc.gov)
- The femur scans were performed with a Hologic QDR-4500A fan-beam densitometer (Hologic, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts). (cdc.gov)
- Here we take an in-depth look at 6-micron resolution micro-CT scans of mouse femurs and what can be accomplished with this data. (nih.gov)
- A femur fracture is diagnosed after a physical examination of the leg as well as imaging tests that may include X-rays or CT scans. (specialtyorthony.com)
- Combined direct and indirect reduction of comminuted four-part intraarticular T-type fractures of the distal femur. (medscape.com)
- Complete recovery from a femur fracture commonly takes about 4 to 6 months. (specialtyorthony.com)
- Orthopedic surgeons often encounter diaphyseal femur fractures. (medscape.com)
- Surgical treatment of displaced, comminuted fractures of the distal end of the femur. (medscape.com)
- Researchers performed a retrospective review of 70 low-energy femur fractures which resulted in emergency room treatment between January 2002 and March 2007. (youhavealawyer.com)
- Primary versus secondary distal femoral arthroplasty for treatment of total knee arthroplasty periprosthetic femur fractures. (eorif.com)
- Participants were excluded from the femur scan if they had fractured both hips, had replacements of both hips, or had pins in both hips. (cdc.gov)
- My daughter, 20, had osteosarcoma in her left distal femur and had a radical resection in 11/07. (cancer.org)
- A series of images illustrate the post-accident condition to highlight the left hip and right leg fractures, the insertion of the intramedullary rod into the femur and the post-operative condition of the right leg. (smartimagebase.com)
- I had a total femur,hip,knee replacement done in 7-2-09. (cancer.org)
Great deal of force1
- Because of the strength and size of the femur, it takes a great deal of force to cause femur fractures. (gearyandgeary.com)
- In addition to x-rays of the femur and thigh, what other x-rays would you order as part of the preoperative work-up? (medscape.com)
- Before the 1900s, diaphyseal femur fractures were treated with various types of splinting. (medscape.com)
- Lieurance and colleagues [ 4 ] followed 53 patients with isolated femur fractures. (medscape.com)
- In clinical practice, DXA measure of BMD in the distal femur is the technique of choice for the assessment of children with impaired mobility. (nih.gov)
- On average, XRF overestimated AAS-measured femur lead by 2.6 microg/g [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-4.0 microg/g], approximately 2 microg/g poorer than that observed in studies of human tibiae. (nih.gov)
- The femur is strong and large bone because it helps carry the weight of the human body. (gearyandgeary.com)