Popliteal Artery: The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Intermittent Claudication: A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.Popliteal Cyst: A SYNOVIAL CYST located in the back of the knee, in the popliteal space arising from the semimembranous bursa or the knee joint.Tibial Arteries: The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.Blood Vessels: Any of the tubular vessels conveying the blood (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins).Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Saphenous Vein: The vein which drains the foot and leg.Polytetrafluoroethylene: Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Angiography, Digital Subtraction: A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.Amputation: The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Aneurysm, False: Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.Renal Artery: A branch of the abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters.Mesenteric Arteries: Arteries which arise from the abdominal aorta and distribute to most of the intestines.Limb Salvage: An alternative to amputation in patients with neoplasms, ischemia, fractures, and other limb-threatening conditions. Generally, sophisticated surgical procedures such as vascular surgery and reconstruction are used to salvage diseased limbs.Blue Toe Syndrome: A condition that is caused by recurring atheroembolism in the lower extremities. It is characterized by cyanotic discoloration of the toes, usually the first, fourth, and fifth toes. Discoloration may extend to the lateral aspect of the foot. Despite the gangrene-like appearance, blue toes may respond to conservative therapy without amputation.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Aneurysm, Ruptured: The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.Basilar Artery: The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.Peripheral Arterial Disease: Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.Vascular Grafting: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES, or transplanted BLOOD VESSELS, or other biological material to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Osteochondroma: A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.Knee Dislocation: Slippage of the FEMUR off the TIBIA.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Vertebral Artery: The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Compartment Syndromes: Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.Xeroradiography: A photoelectric method of recording an X-ray image on a coated metal plate, using low-energy photon beams, long exposure time and dry chemical developers.Angioplasty: Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.Popliteal Vein: The vein formed by the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins; it courses through the popliteal space and becomes the femoral vein.Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Mammary Arteries: Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Ultrasonography, Doppler: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)Radial Artery: The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Subclavian Artery: Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.Thrombosis: Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.Carotid Artery, Internal: Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.Polyethylene Terephthalates: Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.Lymphatic Vessels: Tubular vessels that are involved in the transport of LYMPH and LYMPHOCYTES.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Vasodilation: The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Aneurysm, Infected: Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Life Tables: Summarizing techniques used to describe the pattern of mortality and survival in populations. These methods can be applied to the study not only of death, but also of any defined endpoint such as the onset of disease or the occurrence of disease complications.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Embolism: Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.Arteritis: INFLAMMATION of any ARTERIES.Retinal Vessels: The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.Splenic Artery: The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.Hepatic Artery: A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.Carotid Artery, Common: The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.Thrombectomy: Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material from a blood vessel at the point of its formation. Removal of a clot arising from a distant site is called EMBOLECTOMY.Endovascular Procedures: Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Arteriosclerosis Obliterans: Common occlusive arterial disease which is caused by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. It is characterized by lesions in the innermost layer (ARTERIAL INTIMA) of arteries including the AORTA and its branches to the extremities. Risk factors include smoking, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, and HYPERTENSION.Mesenteric Artery, Superior: A large vessel supplying the whole length of the small intestine except the superior part of the duodenum. It also supplies the cecum and the ascending part of the colon and about half the transverse part of the colon. It arises from the anterior surface of the aorta below the celiac artery at the level of the first lumbar vertebra.Ligation: Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.Ophthalmic Artery: Artery originating from the internal carotid artery and distributing to the eye, orbit and adjacent facial structures.Celiac Artery: The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Endothelium, Vascular: Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Middle Cerebral Artery: The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.Thoracic Arteries: Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles, mammary gland and the axillary aspect of the chest wall.Umbilical Arteries: Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.Muscle, Smooth, Vascular: The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.Renal Artery Obstruction: Narrowing or occlusion of the RENAL ARTERY or arteries. It is due usually to ATHEROSCLEROSIS; FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA; THROMBOSIS; EMBOLISM, or external pressure. The reduced renal perfusion can lead to renovascular hypertension (HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR).Temporal Arteries: Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.Bronchial Arteries: Left bronchial arteries arise from the thoracic aorta, the right from the first aortic intercostal or the upper left bronchial artery; they supply the bronchi and the lower trachea.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Vasoconstriction: The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Iliac Aneurysm: Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any one of the iliac arteries including the common, the internal, or the external ILIAC ARTERY.Ulnar Artery: The larger of the two terminal branches of the brachial artery, beginning about one centimeter distal to the bend of the elbow. Like the RADIAL ARTERY, its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to their locations in the forearm, wrist, and hand.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Carotid Artery, External: Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the exterior of the head, the face, and the greater part of the neck.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Uterine Artery: A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Carotid Artery Injuries: Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Retinal Artery Occlusion: Sudden ISCHEMIA in the RETINA due to blocked blood flow through the CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY or its branches leading to sudden complete or partial loss of vision, respectively, in the eye.Transplantation, Autologous: Transplantation of an individual's own tissue from one site to another site.UtahEquipment Failure: Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Vasodilator Agents: Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.Thromboembolism: Obstruction of a blood vessel (embolism) by a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the blood stream.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.
... femoral artery and femoral nerve. Schema of arteries of the thigh. Femoral artery and its major branches - right thigh, ... If the femoral artery has to be ligated surgically to treat a popliteal aneurysm, blood can still reach the popliteal artery ... The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the leg. It enters the thigh from behind the ... It passes medially behind the femoral vessels and enters the medial fascial compartment of the thigh. It ends by becoming the ...
... if the femoral artery has to be ligated surgically, blood can still reach the popliteal artery distal to the ligation via the ... the descending genicular artery, the descending branch of lateral femoral circumflex artery, and the anterior tibial recurrent ... The deep plexus, which forms a close net-work of vessels, lies on the lower end of the femur and upper end of the tibia around ... ISBN 978-1-60913-112-8. Sabalbal M, Johnson M, McAlister V (September 2013). "Absence of the genicular arterial anastomosis as ...
... muscular branches of the popliteal artery have clinically important anastomoses with the terminal part of the deep femoral and ... A popliteal aneurysm may be distinguished from other masses by palpable pulsations (thrills) and abnormal arterial sounds ( ... They participate in the formation of the periarticular genicular anastomosis, a network of vessels surrounding the knee that ... The branches of the popliteal artery are: anterior tibial artery posterior tibial artery sural artery medial superior genicular ...
... artery Deep external pudendal artery Deep femoral artery Lateral femoral circumflex artery ascending branch descending branch ... artery vessels to semilunar ganglion superficial petrosal branch superior tympanic artery Orbital branches Temporal branches ... sometimes from popliteal artery) communicating branch to the anterior tibial artery perforating branch to the posterior tibial ... branch Medial femoral circumflex artery ascending branch descending branch superficial branch deep branch acetabular branch ...
Femoral artery Deep artery of thigh Popliteal artery Anterior tibial artery Dorsalis pedis artery Posterior tibial artery ... Right gastric artery Hepatic artery proper Right branch Cystic artery Splenic artery Left gastro-omental artery Short gastric ... Anterior cerebral artery Anterior communicating artery Middle cerebral artery Posterior communicating artery Cerebral arterial ... Vessels of inner ear Gustatory organ Taste bud Integumentary system Skin Epidermis Dermis Hairs Downy hair (Lanugo) Skin glands ...
If the femoral artery has to be ligated surgically to treat a popliteal aneurysm, blood can still reach the popliteal artery ... The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the leg. It enters the thigh from behind the ... The profunda femoris artery is a large and important branch that arises from the lateral side of the femoral artery about 1.5 ... It passes medially behind the femoral vessels and enters the medial fascial compartment of the thigh. It ends by becoming the ...
MCA (anterolateral central, Prefrontal artery, Superior terminal branch, Inferior terminal branch, Anterior temporal branch) ... The term "arterial blood" is nevertheless used to indicate blood high in oxygen, although the pulmonary artery carries "venous ... In femoral canal. *superficial epigastric. *superficial circumflex iliac. *superficial external pudendal. *deep external ... Vessel length is the total length of the vessel measured as the distance away from the heart. As the total length of the vessel ...
... pollex pollicis pollux pons pontine nuclei pontocerebellum popliteal artery popliteal bursa popliteal fossa popliteal vein ... fascia lata fasciculation fasciculus lenticularis fastigial nucleus fastigium fat fauces femoral artery femoral neck femoral ... ileal vessels ileocecal valve ileocolic artery ileum iliac crest iliac lymph nodes iliac region iliac spine iliacus muscle ... arcuate line arcuate nucleus area postrema areola arm arrectores pilorum arteria dorsalis pedis arterial arcades artery ...
... typically branches of the external carotid artery and namely the temporal artery. Occlusion of the ophthalmic artery results in ... femoral, popliteal, posterior tibial, radial, temporal, ulnar Heart rate Pulse quality: pulsus paradoxus, pulsus parvus et ... Vasculitis - Inflammation of blood vessels (veins & arteries) with a long list of causes. Aortitis - Inflammation of the aorta ... The classic finding is pulsus paradoxus as well as Beck's triad (low arterial blood pressure, distended neck veins, & soft ...
fibular artery (sometimes from popliteal artery) *communicating branch на предната голямопищялна артерия ... inferior pancreaticoduodenalIntestinal arteries (Jejunal arteries, ileal arteries, Arterial arcades, vasa recta) • Хълбочно- ... In femoral canal. Повърхностна епигастрална артерия • superficial circumflex iliac • Superficial external pudendal artery • ... ophthalmic artery (very rarely). *superior tympanic artery. *vessels to semilunar ganglion. *superficial petrosal branch ...
The groin (femoral artery).. *Behind the medial malleolus on the feet (posterior tibial artery). ... Swain DP, Leutholtz BC, King ME, Haas LA, Branch JD (1998). "Relationship between % heart rate reserve and % VO2 reserve in ... including pulmonary vessels and the right side of the heart itself. Rates of firing from the baroreceptors represent blood ... Behind the knee (popliteal artery).. *Over the abdomen (abdominal aorta).. *The chest (apex of the heart), which can be felt ...
From there, it travels down the femoral artery in the leg, where it continues into other arterial branches before reaching the ... Oxygenated blood leaves the heart and travels down the large thoracic aorta before the aorta divides into two main branches ... Popliteal artery: A branch of the femoral artery, the popliteal artery branches further to supply blood to the knee, thigh, and ... Anterior tibial artery: The other branch of the popliteal artery from the back of the knee, this artery supplies blood to the ...
The popliteal artery branches off from the femoral artery. It is located in the knee and the back of the leg. Its courses near ... The popliteal artery branches off from the femoral artery. It is located in the knee and the back of the leg. Its courses near ... During its course, the popliteal artery branches into other significant blood vessels. These include the sural artery and the ... Ultimately, all deoxygenated blood ends up at the lungs and the heart, before it is recirculated into the arterial system. ...
These perforating vessels are typically numbered 1-4 in a superior to inferior direction. ... Lateral thigh flap The lateral thigh free flap is a fascial or fasciocutaneous flap based on the smaller vessels that extend ... the descending branch or transverse branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery is then isolated. The motor branches of the ... The authors recommend preoperative angiography of the donor leg in patients in whom a popliteal pulse is not palpable. If lower ...
... such as an atherosclerotic plaque or a point where the vessel branches such as the common femoral, common iliac, and popliteal ... None of the patients had evidence of cardiac or peripheral artery disease. Arterial injury due to trauma to the extremities ( ... Incidence of Arterial Disease. On average, the incidence of acute peripheral arterial occlusion is approximately 1.5 cases per ... and dissection of or direct trauma to an artery. While the majority of arterial emboli that travel to the extremities originate ...
... is connected to a large arterial branch that originates from the right internal iliac artery. This large vessels has a large ... despite early termination of the right superficial femoral branch.. It is noteworthy that the right popliteal artery (which ... common and external iliac arteries.. Femoral artery (both common and superficial branch) were permeable, ... Clinically, the classical finding for a sciatic artery is absence of femoral pulse with a palpable popliteal pulse, described ...
deep branch of brachial artery & arteries about shoulder & elbow arise relatively late as branches of primary axial vessel;. - ... and goes on to successively, femoral , popliteal, & posterior tibial artery;. - anastomosis is formed as popliteal artery ... Arterial Development of the Limbs. - See:. - Adult Upper Limb Arteries:. - Discussion: Upper Limb Development;. - subclavian ... branch of trunk artery, median artery, temporarily replaces interosseous artery in supplying the hand;. - subsequently, ulnar ...
... the femoral artery was anastomosed to the posterior tibial artery, and the femoral vein and its branch were anastomosed to the ... because the vessels had been transected distally at the bifurcation of the popliteal vessels. ... and the order of arterial and venous anastomosis was determined in accordance with the intraoperative setting of vessels. ... the femoral artery and vein were anastomosed to the popliteal artery and vein, respectively. In one patient (patient 2), ...
... the main arterial vessel, the aorta, branches into smaller arteries, which in turn branch repeatedly into still smaller vessels ... and the iliac arteries, which branch out to the lower trunk and become the femoral and popliteal arteries of the thighs and ... Blood vessels. The blood vessels of the body (arteries, capillaries, and veins) make up a closed system of tubes that carry ... Arteries branch into narrower and more muscular arterioles. Arterioles branch into finer and finer capillaries, thin-walled, ...
Occlusive Peripheral Arterial Disease - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the MSD Manuals - Medical ... iliac arteries) and the main arteries of the thighs (femoral arteries), of the knees (popliteal arteries), and of the calves ( ... Occlusive peripheral arterial disease most commonly develops in the arteries of the legs, including the two branches of the ... around part of the femoral artery in the thigh or part of the popliteal artery in the knee. A graft consisting of a tube made ...
Discusses angioplasty for peripheral arterial disease of the legs. Looks at why and how it is done. Covers risks and how well ... Angioplasty for Peripheral Arterial Disease of the Legs ... smaller leg arteries like the femoral, popliteal, or tibial ... In angioplasty of the aorta (the major abdominal artery) or the iliac arteries (which branch off from the aorta), a small, ... How well angioplasty works depends on the size of the blood vessel, the length of blood vessel affected, and whether the blood ...
Revascularization, endovascular, open or percutaneous, femoral, popliteal artery(s), unilateral; with transluminal stent ... Revascularization, endovascular, open or percutaneous, iliac artery, unilateral, initial vessel; with transluminal stent ... or lower extremity artery branch, within a vascular family. Vascular Surgery. ... Selective catheter placement, arterial system; initial third order or more selective abdominal, pelvic, ...
Internal and external iliac artery. Femoral, popliteal, anterior and posterior tibial arteries. Lower limb arterial anastomosis ... Common carotid artery and its branches. External carotid artery. Internal carotid artery, branches, paths, areas of ... Magistral and extraorganic blood vessels. Arteries and veins. 2 hours 23. Parietal and visceral arteries of the trunk cavities ... 3 hours IX Subclavian artery and its branches. Vascularization of the head and neck organs. Arterial anastomosis of the head ...
... and common iliac artery. Aneurysms of the popliteal, common femoral, internal iliac, brachiocephalic, and subclavian arteries ... results from obstruction of a branch vessel by the intimal flap or from slow flow in a branch fed by the nondominant lumen. In ... and branches of the deep brachial artery. B, Early and rapid venous filling occurs during the arterial phase of the angiogram ... Elastic (conduit) arteries (i.e., aorta, aortic arch vessels, iliac artery, and pulmonary arteries) propel blood forward ...
... are frequently encountered during endovascular treatment of peripheral artery disease. Failure to successfully cross PCTOs ... SCAI expert consensus statement for femoral-popliteal arterial intervention appropriate use. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2014; ... side branches, collateral vessels, and distal-vessel reconstitution. Prolonged filming is often necessary to record delayed ... Treatment evaluation of flow-limiting stenoses of the superficial femoral and popliteal artery by parametric color-coding ...
At its far end, it splits into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries. ... The popliteal artery branches off from the femoral artery. It is located in the knee and the back of the leg. Its courses near ... Popliteal artery. The popliteal artery branches off from the femoral artery. It is located in the knee and the back of the leg ... During its course, the popliteal artery branches into other significant blood vessels. These include the sural artery and the ...
... and the popliteal artery - are all originated from the femoral artery. The origin pattern of these vessels also shows ... the lateral circumflex femoral artery. A few muscular branches, one or two caudal femoral arteries, and the terminal branches ... In the three canid groups, the arterial pattern was similar to that described for domestic canids, in which the deep femoral ... Thus, it can be concluded that the anatomical pattern of the femoral artery and its branches in wild canids shows similarities ...
Intermediate vessels were from the dividing point on the superficial femoral artery to the popli?teal artery before it was ... femoral artery after it is divided into the descending genicular artery and direct periosteal branches to the popliteal artery ... Patients were divided into three groups according to their arterial injury locations. Proximal ves?sels were along the ... Distal vessels were from the dividing point on the poplite?al artery to the distal end of the peroneal artery. The duration ...
The larger arteries such as the axillary, subclavian, popliteal, and femoral have usually only one accompanying vein. In ... The Deep Veins accompany the arteries, and are usually enclosed in the same sheaths with those vessels. With the smaller ... The Pulmonary Veins, unlike other veins, contain arterial blood, which they return from the lungs to the left atrium of the ... The branches arising from these plexuses unite together into trunks, and these, in their passage toward the heart, constantly ...
... the main arterial vessel, the aorta, branches into smaller arteries, which in turn branch repeatedly into still smaller vessels ... and the iliac arteries, which branch out to the lower trunk and become the femoral and popliteal arteries of the thighs and ... Blood is pumped from the heart to the arteries, which branch into smaller and smaller vessels as they move away from the heart ... The coronary arteries stem from the aortic root and nourish the heart muscle itself. Three major arteries originate from the ...
... and the iliac arteries, which branch out to the lower trunk and become the femoral and popliteal arteries of the thighs and ... the main arterial vessel, the aortaaorta. , primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to ... Of the vessels, the arteriesartery,. blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heart. Except for the pulmonary artery, ... branches into smaller arteries, which in turn branch repeatedly into still smaller vessels and reach all parts of the body. ...
... obstructing plaques caused by atherosclerotic occlusive disease commonly occur in the infrarenal aorta and iliac arteries. ... Significant lesions in the aortoiliac arterial segment are exposed easily by palpation of the femoral pulses. Any diminution of ... artery, external iliac artery, or combinations of any or all of these vessels. Occasionally, degenerated nonstenotic ... a nonspecific arteritis that may cause obstruction of the abdominal aorta and its branches. The etiology of Takayasu disease is ...
The predominant arterial supply in the popliteal fossa is the popliteal artery. The artery represents the distal continuation ... The tibial nerve is a branch of the sciatic nerve consisting of nerve roots L4-S3. It is superficial to the popliteal vessels ... These nodes efferent path mostly follows the femoral vessels and drains into the deep inguinal lymph tissue. Some popliteal ... Popliteal artery aneurysms are the most common true peripheral arterial aneurysm and are only second in prevalence to abdominal ...
... femoral artery).. *Popliteal pulse: located behind the knee in the popliteal fossa, found by holding the bent knee. The patient ... As it travels towards the peripheral blood vessels, it gradually diminishes and becomes faster. In the large arterial branches ... carotid artery), at the wrist (radial artery), behind the knee (popliteal artery), on the inside of the elbow (brachial artery ... When palpating the carotid artery, the femoral artery or the brachial artery, the thumb may be used. However, the thumb has its ...
The deep femoral artery, which is a major branch of the femoral artery, is continues down the leg and becomes the popliteal ... Femoral Artery Diseases. Femoral Artery Occlusion. The Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease (POAD) is a disease that results ... It can happen in the Aorta or the blood vessels also, apart from occurring in the femoral artery. ... The profunda femoral artery, also known as the Deep femoral artery, is the posterior branch of the femoral artery. It is the ...
... common femoral artery, superficial femoral artery, tibial vessels, renal artery, subclavian artery and carotid artery. ... Abdominal aorta and branches including the mesenteric and renal arteries. *Iliac arteries and arteries of the lower extremities ... These include peripheral arterial, carotid, renal, aortic, mesenteric, and aneurysmal disorders; acute and chronic venous ... Popliteal artery access. *Radial and brachial access. The fellow will learn which approach is appropriate for the percutaneous ...
  • Venous affection was more common than arterial (39 and 17%, respectively). (eg.net)
  • Venous disease resulting in venous thrombosis is more frequent than arterial affection and is usually an early feature of BD. (eg.net)
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of successful bypass in a patient with arterial aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation, and venous insufficiency that can be diagnosed as an atypical case of Parkes Weber syndrome. (vsijournal.org)
  • Reports of concomitant arterial aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation (AVM), and chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) are sparse in the literature. (vsijournal.org)
  • To rescue PAD-affected ischemic feet, arterial blood should be retrogradely introduced into venous blood vessels in the foot. (researchopenworld.com)
  • Better determination of the characteristics influencing biomaterial function will allow development of low-flow prostheses for small diameter arteries and venous reconstruction. (springer.com)
  • Induction of intracellular domain of Notch1 stimulated expression of the arterial-type endothelial cell markers (Nrp1 and Ephrin B2), but not the venous-type endothelial cell markers (Nrp2 and Coup-TFII). (biomedcentral.com)
  • 3,4 The timing of image acquisition is of paramount importance to image the artery without significant venous signal contamination. (appliedradiology.com)
  • We have evaluated the risk factors for arterial and venous thromboses in a wide variety of renal patients with both glomerular and non‐glomerular diseases, including the presence of nephrotic syndrome, inborn and acquired coagulation defects (i.e., factor V Leiden, MTHFR gene mutation, 20210 prothrombin gene mutation, and antiphospholipid antibodies), corticosteroid treatment, and dyslipidemia. (intechopen.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to characterize their content(s), venous-arterial distribution and response to chronic orthostatic stress in extremity vessels. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Also, this will focus on the treatment of injured arteries, although attention will be given to those venous injuries, which require surgical repair rather than simple ligation. (paperity.org)
  • The coronary arteries stem from the aortic root and nourish the heart muscle itself. (encognitive.com)
  • Three major arteries originate from the aortic arch, supplying blood to the head, neck, and arms. (encognitive.com)
  • The wet weights of the heart, of aortic segments, and of the mesenteric arterial bed were similar in treated and untreated SHR. (ahajournals.org)
  • Tronco Brachiocefalico 0 domande The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. (lookformedical.com)
  • We present a quite unusual case of a spontaneous supraceliac isolated abdominal aortic dissection sparing the renal and mesenteric arteries and manifesting as chronic rather than acute limb ischemia. (hindawi.com)
  • We found that the innominate artery, a small vessel connecting the aortic arch to the right subclavian and right carotid artery, exhibits a highly consistent rate of lesion progression and develops a narrowed vessel characterized by atrophic media and perivascular inflammation. (ahajournals.org)
  • In a recent systematic study of the distribution of lesions in the apoE mouse, we found that the innominate artery, a small vessel connecting the aortic arch to the right subclavian and right carotid artery, showed a highly consistent rate of progression, not only in the initial xanthoma but also in the development of a narrowed vessel characterized by atrophic media and perivascular inflammation. (ahajournals.org)
  • however, cerebral and renal arteries are less commonly involved . (eg.net)
  • The renal arteries supply blood to your kidneys. (bostonscientific.com)
  • When coronary, renal arcuate, mesenteric, and femoral small arteries were evaluated on a wire myograph, the media width and media-to-lumen ratio were greater and the lumen diameter was smaller in vessels from SHR relative to those from WKY, except in small arteries from the renal cortex, in which the lumen was not significantly different in both strains. (ahajournals.org)
  • Effects of treatment on blood pressure and hypertrophy of the heart, conduit blood vessels, and small arteries of the coronary, renal, mesenteric, and femoral vasculature were evaluated. (ahajournals.org)
  • Her medical history included insulin-dependent diabetes, hypertension, chronic renal insufficiency, and stable coronary artery disease. (evtoday.com)
  • This subgroup of IAAD is often associated with poorer prognosis as the dissection may interfere with blood flow through the renal and mesenteric arteries predisposing to ischemia of their respective organs and consequent high mortality [ 2 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • We present a quite unusual case of spontaneous supraceliac IAAD sparing both renal and mesenteric vessels, and manifesting atypically as chronic rather than the more typical acute limb ischemia in a patient with chronic paraplegia secondary to previous spinal surgery for chondrosarcoma. (hindawi.com)
  • Patients with renal diseases are prone to both thrombosis and bleeding, as they have profound changes in all three classic components of coagulation, defined approximately 150 years ago by Virchow: blood flow, vessel wall (endothelial injury), and coagulation properties of the blood (e.g., coagulation and fibrinolytic systems and platelets). (intechopen.com)
  • The upper extremity derives its blood supply from the subclavian artery, which becomes the axillary artery at the border of the first rib. (reliasmedia.com)
  • The axillary artery is palpated against the head of the humerus, by deep lateral palpation in the depths of the axilla ( figure 73c ). (ravedev.co.uk)
  • The right ventricle, in turn, pumps the blood to the lungs via the pulmonary artery. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Pulmonary artery aneurysms are characteristic of BD and have a poor prognosis . (eg.net)
  • Pulmonary semilunar valve: between right ventricle and pulmonary artery 6. (docplayer.net)
  • pulmonary artery takes blood from right ventricle to lungs 5. (docplayer.net)
  • He proceeded to have an urgent right transfemoral angiogram which revealed normal-looking right lower limb vessels with no atherosclerotic lesions or changes. (hindawi.com)
  • The processes underlying these changes in the innominate artery of older apoE −/− mice could well be a model for the critical processes leading to the breakdown and healing of the human atherosclerotic plaque. (ahajournals.org)
  • The fatty streak, a xanthoma formed in the intima of hyperlipidemic animals and often called the early atherosclerotic lesion, is composed of fat-filled macrophages focally situated in the arterial intima. (ahajournals.org)
  • Every year millions of people are affected by this disease, which is characterized by an insufficient supply of blood to a certain limb, or part of a limb, because of significant atherosclerotic narrowing located in the arteries. (rontismedical.com)
  • Atherosclerotic disease can not only induce arterial narrowings it can also take the form of weakening and thinning the artery wall, in which a bulge develops - much the same way as in a weak tire wall. (rontismedical.com)
  • It is believed that given it's path more suceptible to microtrauma and presumably due to wall dysplasia, that this vessels are more prone to develop aneurysms. (eurorad.org)
  • The inflammatory process at arterial vessels usually leads to aneurysms owing to acute and destructive vasculitis . (eg.net)
  • Access in either the left or right femoral artery is possible and depends on the type of intervention or diagnostic. (wikipedia.org)
  • We deemed tissue plasminogen activator-infusion thrombolysis to be contraindicated due to the need for rapid therapy and a notable risk of bleeding from the recent cardiac right femoral access. (evtoday.com)