Vulvar Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the VULVA.Pruritus Vulvae: Intense itching of the external female genitals.Vulvar Diseases: Pathological processes of the VULVA.Nematoda: A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.Caenorhabditis elegans: A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.Vaginal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the VAGINA.Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins: Proteins from the nematode species CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS. The proteins from this species are the subject of scientific interest in the area of multicellular organism MORPHOGENESIS.Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus: Atrophy and shriveling of the SKIN of the VULVA that is characterized by the whitish LICHEN SCLEROSUS appearance, inflammation, and PRURITUS.Genitalia, Female: The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.Secernentea: A subclass of nematodes characterized by numerous caudal papillae and an excretory system possessing lateral canals.Paget Disease, Extramammary: A rare cutaneous neoplasm that occurs in the elderly. It develops more frequently in women and predominantly involves apocrine gland-bearing areas, especially the vulva, scrotum, and perianal areas. The lesions develop as erythematous scaly patches that progress to crusted, pruritic, erythematous plaques. The clinical differential diagnosis includes squamous cell carcinoma in situ and superficial fungal infection. It is generally thought to be an adenocarcinoma of the epidermis, from which it extends into the contiguous epithelium of hair follicles and eccrine sweat ducts. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1478)Helminth Proteins: Proteins found in any species of helminth.Bartholin's Glands: Mucus-secreting glands situated on the posterior and lateral aspect of the vestibule of the vagina.Disorders of Sex Development: In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Genes, Helminth: The functional hereditary units of HELMINTHS.Syringoma: A benign tumor of the sweat glands which is usually multiple and results from malformation of sweat ducts. It is uncommon and more common in females than in males. It is most likely to appear at adolescence, and further lesions may develop during adult life. It does not appear to be hereditary. (Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, pp2407-8)Genital Neoplasms, Female: Tumor or cancer of the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Rhabditida: An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Its organisms are characterized by an annulated or smooth cuticle and the absence of caudal glands.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Lymphangioma: A benign tumor resulting from a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. Lymphangioendothelioma is a type of lymphangioma in which endothelial cells are the dominant component.Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue: Neoplasms composed of muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac, or smooth. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in muscles.Gonads: The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.Groin: The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.Neurodermatitis: An extremely variable eczematous skin disease that is presumed to be a response to prolonged vigorous scratching, rubbing, or pinching to relieve intense pruritus. It varies in intensity, severity, course, and morphologic expression in different individuals. Neurodermatitis is believed by some to be psychogenic. The circumscribed or localized form is often referred to as lichen simplex chronicus.Paget's Disease, Mammary: An intraductal carcinoma of the breast extending to involve the nipple and areola, characterized clinically by eczema-like inflammatory skin changes and histologically by infiltration of the dermis by malignant cells (Paget's cells). (Dorland, 27th ed)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Leiomyoma, Epithelioid: A relatively rare smooth muscle tumor found most frequently in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the stomach. It is similar to other smooth muscle tumors but may become very large and hemorrhage and exhibit small cystic areas. Simple excision is almost always curative. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1354)DNA, Helminth: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.LymphangitisLeukorrhea: A clear or white discharge from the VAGINA, consisting mainly of MUCUS.Caenorhabditis: A genus of small free-living nematodes. Two species, CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS and C. briggsae are much used in studies of genetics, development, aging, muscle chemistry, and neuroanatomy.Embryonic Induction: The complex processes of initiating CELL DIFFERENTIATION in the embryo. The precise regulation by cell interactions leads to diversity of cell types and specific pattern of organization (EMBRYOGENESIS).Lymphangiectasis: A transient dilatation of the lymphatic vessels.Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue: Neoplasms composed of vascular tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in blood vessels.Morphogenesis: The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Animals, Genetically Modified: ANIMALS whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING, or their offspring.Vaginal Diseases: Pathological processes of the VAGINA.Epithelioid Cells: Characteristic cells of granulomatous hypersensitivity. They appear as large, flattened cells with increased endoplasmic reticulum. They are believed to be activated macrophages that have differentiated as a result of prolonged antigenic stimulation. Further differentiation or fusion of epithelioid cells is thought to produce multinucleated giant cells (GIANT CELLS).Carcinoma, Squamous Cell: A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Penile Neoplasms: Cancers or tumors of the PENIS or of its component tissues.Gynecologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the female genitalia.Vulvodynia: Complex pain syndrome with unknown etiology, characterized by constant or intermittent generalized vulva pain (Generalized vulvodynia) or localized burning sensations in the VESTIBULE area when pressure is applied (Vestibulodynia, or Vulvar Vestibulitis Syndrome). Typically, vulvar tissue with vulvodynia appears normal without infection or skin disease. Vulvodynia impacts negatively on a woman's quality of life as it interferes with sexual and daily activities.Lichen Planus: An inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized. It is characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces. The lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques. Histologically, there is a "saw-tooth" pattern of epidermal hyperplasia and vacuolar alteration of the basal layer of the epidermis along with an intense upper dermal inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of T-cells. Etiology is unknown.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Pelvic Exenteration: Removal of all of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis. It is usually performed to surgically remove cancer involving the bladder, uterine cervix, or rectum. (Stedman, 25th ed)Carcinoma in Situ: A lesion with cytological characteristics associated with invasive carcinoma but the tumor cells are confined to the epithelium of origin, without invasion of the basement membrane.Condoms, Female: A soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath, closed at one end, with flexible rings at both ends. The device is inserted into the vagina by compressing the inner ring and pushing it in. Properly positioned, the ring at the closed end covers the cervix, and the sheath lines the walls of the vagina. The outer ring remains outside the vagina, covering the labia. (Med Lett Drugs Ther 1993 Dec 24;35(12):123)Ulcer: A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Mosaicism: The occurrence in an individual of two or more cell populations of different chromosomal constitutions, derived from a single ZYGOTE, as opposed to CHIMERISM in which the different cell populations are derived from more than one zygote.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Ovariectomy: The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Vulva: The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.Cell Lineage: The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.Copulation: Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.Semaphorins: A family of proteins that mediate axonal guidance. Semaphorins act as repulsive cues for neuronal GROWTH CONES and bind to receptors on their filopodia. At least 20 different molecules have been described and divided into eight classes based on domain organization and species of origin. Classes 1 and 2 are invertebrate, classes 3-7 are vertebrate, and class V are viral. Semaphorins may be secreted (classes 2, 3, and V), transmembrane (classes 1, 4, 5, and 6), or membrane-anchored (class 7). All semaphorins possess a common 500-amino acid extracellular domain which is critical for receptor binding and specificity, and is also found in plexins and scatter factor receptors. Their C termini are class-specific and may contain additional sequence motifs.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Mating Preference, Animal: The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Receptors, Notch: A family of conserved cell surface receptors that contain EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR repeats in their extracellular domain and ANKYRIN repeats in their cytoplasmic domains. The cytoplasmic domain of notch receptors is released upon ligand binding and translocates to the CELL NUCLEUS where it acts as transcription factor.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Sex Ratio: The number of males per 100 females.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Embryo, Nonmammalian: The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.Cell Fusion: Fusion of somatic cells in vitro or in vivo, which results in somatic cell hybridization.Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Homeodomain Proteins: Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).Body Patterning: The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.ras Proteins: Small, monomeric GTP-binding proteins encoded by ras genes (GENES, RAS). The protooncogene-derived protein, PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN P21(RAS), plays a role in normal cellular growth, differentiation and development. The oncogene-derived protein (ONCOGENE PROTEIN P21(RAS)) can play a role in aberrant cellular regulation during neoplastic cell transformation (CELL TRANSFORMATION, NEOPLASTIC). This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.6.1.47.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Sexual Maturation: Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Estrous Cycle: The period of cyclic physiological and behavior changes in non-primate female mammals that exhibit ESTRUS. The estrous cycle generally consists of 4 or 5 distinct periods corresponding to the endocrine status (PROESTRUS; ESTRUS; METESTRUS; DIESTRUS; and ANESTRUS).Sex Attractants: Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.Oviposition: The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.Circumcision, Female: A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Genes, Homeobox: Genes that encode highly conserved TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that control positional identity of cells (BODY PATTERNING) and MORPHOGENESIS throughout development. Their sequences contain a 180 nucleotide sequence designated the homeobox, so called because mutations of these genes often results in homeotic transformations, in which one body structure replaces another. The proteins encoded by homeobox genes are called HOMEODOMAIN PROTEINS.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy: A diagnostic procedure used to determine whether LYMPHATIC METASTASIS has occurred. The sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node to receive drainage from a neoplasm.Skin Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.Lymph Node Excision: Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)Wnt Proteins: Wnt proteins are a large family of secreted glycoproteins that play essential roles in EMBRYONIC AND FETAL DEVELOPMENT, and tissue maintenance. They bind to FRIZZLED RECEPTORS and act as PARACRINE PROTEIN FACTORS to initiate a variety of SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS. The canonical Wnt signaling pathway stabilizes the transcriptional coactivator BETA CATENIN.Desmoplakins: Desmoplakins are cytoskeletal linker proteins that anchor INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS to the PLASMA MEMBRANE at DESMOSOMES.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Sex Differentiation: The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.Testosterone: A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.RNA Interference: A gene silencing phenomenon whereby specific dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) trigger the degradation of homologous mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). The specific dsRNAs are processed into SMALL INTERFERING RNA (siRNA) which serves as a guide for cleavage of the homologous mRNA in the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX. DNA METHYLATION may also be triggered during this process.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Lymphatic Metastasis: Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.Genital Diseases, Female: Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Epithelium: One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Progesterone: The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Gonadal Steroid Hormones: Steroid hormones produced by the GONADS. They stimulate reproductive organs, germ cell maturation, and the secondary sex characteristics in the males and the females. The major sex steroid hormones include ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; and TESTOSTERONE.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.X Chromosome: The female sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and all female gametes in human and other male-heterogametic species.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Estrus: The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Lymph Nodes: They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Green Fluorescent Proteins: Protein analogs and derivatives of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein that emit light (FLUORESCENCE) when excited with ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. They are used in REPORTER GENES in doing GENETIC TECHNIQUES. Numerous mutants have been made to emit other colors or be sensitive to pH.Sex Determination Processes: The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Clitoris: An erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora.X Chromosome Inactivation: A dosage compensation process occurring at an early embryonic stage in mammalian development whereby, at random, one X CHROMOSOME of the pair is repressed in the somatic cells of females.Ovulation: The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.Castration: Surgical removal or artificial destruction of gonads.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Prostitution: The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.Immunoenzyme Techniques: Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Courtship: Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Animal Communication: Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Dosage Compensation, Genetic: Genetic mechanisms that allow GENES to be expressed at a similar level irrespective of their GENE DOSAGE. This term is usually used in discussing genes that lie on the SEX CHROMOSOMES. Because the sex chromosomes are only partially homologous, there is a different copy number, i.e., dosage, of these genes in males vs. females. In DROSOPHILA, dosage compensation is accomplished by hypertranscription of genes located on the X CHROMOSOME. In mammals, dosage compensation of X chromosome genes is accomplished by random X CHROMOSOME INACTIVATION of one of the two X chromosomes in the female.Mice, Inbred C57BLTumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Rats, Inbred F344Poecilia: A genus of livebearing cyprinodont fish comprising the guppy and molly. Some species are virtually all female and depend on sperm from other species to stimulate egg development. Poecilia is used in carcinogenicity studies as well as neurologic and physiologic research.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Ovum: A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.Mice, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.Genitalia: The external and internal organs related to reproduction.Longevity: The normal length of time of an organism's life.Insemination: The deposit of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.Spermatozoa: Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Carcinogenicity Tests: Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Sex Chromosomes: The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Luteinizing Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Sex: The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor: A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF-related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA; AMPHIREGULIN; and HEPARIN-BINDING EGF-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.Pair Bond: In animals, the social relationship established between a male and female for reproduction. It may include raising of young.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Pheromones: Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.Sex Determination Analysis: Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.Cell Movement: The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.Sex Workers: People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Ovule: The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.Heterozygote: An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.Virilism: Development of male secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the FEMALE. It is due to the effects of androgenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.Territoriality: Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Genitalia, Male: The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).JapanProtein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Arvicolinae: A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.Y Chromosome: The male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans and in some other male-heterogametic species in which the homologue of the X chromosome has been retained.Fertilization: The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Pregnancy, Animal: The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Orchiectomy: The surgical removal of one or both testicles.Gryllidae: The family Gryllidae consists of the common house cricket, Acheta domesticus, which is used in neurological and physiological studies. Other genera include Gryllotalpa (mole cricket); Gryllus (field cricket); and Oecanthus (tree cricket).Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
... the vulva and the clitoris. This curated gallery shows selected artworks which stimulate new thinking about the female genital ... "Viva la Vulva". L-MAG (in German). Retrieved 2017-10-02. Fem.com. "Ein Museum für die Vagina". fem.com (in German). Retrieved ... It supports the positive meanings and appreciation of the words and body parts such as the vagina, vulva, and clitoris. The ... An open call and curated invitations led to a variety of contributions, depicting - and working on - vulva and vagina symbols ...
Bulls continuously follow receptive females and test their vulvas. Three to four males may seek a single female, and, if ... Females resemble the red deer hind in size and proportions. Female juveniles are a bright rufous, and old females are as grey ... Female and juvenile groups have adult females accompanied by a calf of her previous year and another of the current year. These ... Old bulls tend to lead a solitary life, though they may occasionally visit female herds looking for females in oestrus. ...
Is this good for Vulva?': Female Genitalia in Contemporary Art." Anna C. Chave and Francis Naumann. The Visible Vagina. Ex. Cat ...
As pregnant women may bleed, a pregnancy test forms part of the evaluation of abnormal bleeding. Women who had undergone female ... Farage, Miranda (22 Mar 2013). The Vulva: Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology. CRC Press. pp. 155-158. "Menstrual blood problems ... The amount of iron lost in menstrual fluid is relatively small for most women. In one study, premenopausal women who exhibited ... Islam prohibits sexual contact with women during menstruation in 2nd chapter of Holy Quran. Women are exempted from Salah ( ...
In female dogs, it affects the vulva. Rarely, the mouth or nose are affected. The tumor often has a cauliflower-like appearance ... A single male can produce dozens of litters over his lifetime, allowing the tumor to affect many more females than it could if ...
The labia are part of the female genitalia; they are the major externally visible portions of the vulva. In humans, there are ... The color, size, length and shape of the inner labia can vary extensively from woman to woman. In some women the labia minora ... Organs of the female reproductive system. Median sagittal section of female pelvis. Femalia Labia pride Labia stretching ... In Korea, pubic hair is considered a sign of fertility, leading some women to have pubic hair transplants. Some women in ...
After mating, the female washes her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female will attack ... At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually the female allows the male to mate. The female utters a loud yowl as the ... Northern Sami gađfe "female stoat" and Hungarian hölgy "stoat; lady, bride" from Proto-Uralic *käďwä "female (of a fur animal ... Although cat guardianship has commonly been associated with women, a 2007 Gallup poll reported that men and women in the United ...
... for females, it consists of the vulva (labia, clitoris, etc.) and vagina. In placental mammals, females have two genital ... and in female mammals, the clitoris and vulva. The other, hidden sex organs are referred to as the secondary sex organs or ... female genitalia are defined as "those parts of the female reproductive tract that make direct contact with male genitalia or ... female). Sexual reproduction in flowering plants involves the union of the male and female germ cells, sperm and egg cells ...
Their hymns were sung in a Sumerian dialect known as eme-sal, normally used to render the speech of female gods, and some gala ... Moreover, gala is homophonous with gal4-la "vulva". However, in spite of all their references of their effeminate character ( ... Lamentation and wailing originally may have been female professions, so that men who entered the role adopted its forms. ... On the other hand, some gala priests were actually women. Hartmann 1960:129-46; Gelb 1975; Renger 1969:187-95; Krecher 1966:27- ...
The females of T. spiralis are about twice the size of the males, and have an anus found terminally. The vulva is located near ... Female Trichinella worms live for about six weeks, and in that time can produce up to 1,500 larvae; when a spent female dies, ... Each adult female produces batches of live larvae, which bore through the intestinal wall, enter the blood (to feed on it) and ... The single uterus of the female is filled with developing eggs in the posterior portion, while the anterior portion contains ...
A woman may have multiple infections at any one time. If there is discomfort in the vulvovaginal area, women can request their ... Vulvovaginitis, is an inflammation of the vagina and vulva. Infection can result in discharge, itching and pain. The three main ... Women who have diabetes develop infectious vaginitis more often than women who do not. Vaginal infections often have multiple ... A woman may have vaginal itching or burning and may notice a discharge. The discharge may be excessive in amounts or abnormal ...
Females have a vulva slit of approximately 33 μm. The CCN has been found in India, Pakistan, Egypt, and the United States. In ... In the greenhouse females will produce around 150 eggs when developing on corn. Upon completion of their life adult females ... Female development is highly temperature dependent with development being minimal at 75 °F and steadily increasing in rate from ... Individuals begin as eggs contained within a cyst, the hardened body of a dead female. Juveniles complete the molt from first ...
The condition can affect other organs of body, such as the penis, vulva, and can occur in anal region, nose, the ear, lower ... Verruciform xanthoma is uncommon, with a female:male ratio of 1:1.1 Normolipoproteinemic xanthomatosis List of cutaneous ... de Rosa G, Barra E, Gentile R, Boscaino A, Di Prisco B, Ayala F (August 1989). "Verruciform xanthoma of the vulva: case report ... Reich O, Regauer S (January 2004). "Recurrent verruciform xanthoma of the vulva". Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol. 23 (1): 75-7. doi: ...
Upon maturity the female exits the root and lays up to 200 eggs in a gelatinous matrix. When the immature female penetrates the ... The vulva is just behind the middle of the body. The male is vermiform: with a wormlike appearance. It has a weak stylet, ... The immature female parasitizes the root for one to two weeks. During this time the male deposits sperm, which the female ... The immature female is slender and may be spiral- or C-shaped in death. It is about 0.3 to 0.5 millimeters long. The mature ...
In human females, the urethra opens straight into the vulva. Hence, urination can take place while sitting or squatting for ... can cause renal damage in women. Female urination devices are available to help women to urinate discreetly, as well to help ... Female kob may exhibit urolagnia during sex; one female will urinate while the other sticks her nose in the stream. A male ... In general, women are less likely to urinate in public than men. Depending on the culture, adult women, unlike men, are ...
She contains a single ovary and the vulva is subterminal. The female will lay up to 100 eggs deposited in a gelatinous matrix ... The J2 female is longer and thinner than males and they do not molt until feeding site is established. The female juveniles ... the female lays its eggs outside of the root in a gelatinous matrix extruded from excretory pore located near the vulva. High ... It is not until the female citrus nematode becomes a young adult that she becomes the infective stage. The anterior end of the ...
The central image was focused on vulva related symbols. By incorporating new images and symbols into the female nude image in ... The Renaissance ideal of female beauty did not include black women. White women were represented as a sexual image, and they ... If a virtuous woman is dependent and weak, as was assumed by the images in classical art, then a strong, independent woman ... White women, in most major works, did not have pubic hair. Black women normally did, and this created their image in an ...
The external opening to this is the vulva. Often in insects the vulva is narrow and the genital chamber becomes pouch or tube ... However, some adult females can reproduce without male input. This is known as parthenogenesis and in the most common type of ... The female insect's main reproductive function is to produce eggs, including the egg's protective coating, and to store the ... The female reproductive organs include paired ovaries which empty their eggs (oocytes) via the calyces into lateral oviducts, ...
In women Female genital tract Vulva Posterior perivesical space In men Spermatic cord Microscopical examination shows abundant ... It occurs almost in the vulvovaginal area of women, but can also be observed in men. The gross features of AMFB are well- ... Seo, J. W.; Lee, K. A.; Yoon, N. R.; Lee, J. W.; Kim, B. G.; Bae, D. S. (2013). "Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva". ... Seo, J. W.; Lee, K. A.; Yoon, N. R.; Lee, J. W.; Kim, B. G.; Bae, D. S. (2013). "Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva". ...
86-87,362 as promoting a positive view of the vulva; as emphasizing the diversity of the vulva in different women,: ... Vulvas, no.":51 In a study of systematic differences in the depiction of female genitals in online pornography, anatomy ... Wilson, Neal (2002). "The aesthetic vulva: perineal cosmesis in the male-to-female transsexual". International Journal of ... Schick, Vanessa R. (31 January 2010). Examining the vulva: the relationship between female genital aesthetic perceptions and ...
The female dog can bear another litter within 8 months of the last one. The canid genus is influenced by the photoperiod and ... This tail position is sometimes called "flagging". The bitch may also turn, presenting the vulva to the male. The male dog ... Regurgitating of food by the females for the young, as well as care for the young by the males, has been observed in domestic ... In one study of a group of free-ranging dogs, for the first 2 weeks immediately after parturition the lactating females were ...
Females have a long, wide stylet, and have "knobs" that allow for the attachment of the stylet muscles. Head is broad, and the ... The vulva is very distinctly open, and appears more posterior than usual. Male ring nematodes tend to be much thinner than ... 6. Adult females begin to lay eggs in two to three days. Males rarely observed. Ring nematodes has a very broad distribution ... Juveniles are much smaller than the adults, but tend to resemble adult females more than adult males. Ring nematodes live their ...
Only the females have the perineal scent gland, located near the vulva. The diet is varied and omnivorous, and usually consists ...
Unresponsive females run away on being pursued by a male. A male keen on sniffing the female's vulva keeps flicking his tongue ... while females reach 69-76 cm (27-30 in). Males typically weigh 43-65 kg (95-143 lb) and females 35-45 kg (77-99 lb). The bushy ... while females reach 69-76 cm (27-30 in). Males typically weigh 43-65 kg (95-143 lb) and females 35-45 kg (77-99 lb). This ... Female home ranges span over 15-40 hectares (37-99 acres; 0.058-0.154 sq mi), while the larger territories of males cover 25-60 ...
To signal mating readiness, the female presents her vulva to the male. Since groups are made of several more females than males ... They exhibit female philopatry, a social system whereby the females remain in the same home range where they were born, and ... The monkeys are sexually dimorphic, wild adult males range from 42 to 60 cm (17 to 24 in) and females are 30 to 49.5 cm (11.8 ... Males do not take part in raising the young, but other females of the group (the "aunties") share the burden. The dominance ...
Female anatomy. Breasts - Cervix - Clitoris - Clitoral hood - Fallopian tubes - Bartholin's glands - Gräfenberg spot (G-spot) ... labium often specifically refers to parts of the vulva. ...
Some women undergo vaginoplasty or labiaplasty procedures to alter the shape of their vulvas to meet personal or societal ... Main article: Female genital mutilation. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting (FGC), female ... Females may undergo vaginectomy or vulvectomy (to the vagina and vulva, respectively), while males may undergo penectomy or ... These insecurities are forced upon women by their partners and other women as well.[35] Also leading to a surge of these types ...
postmenopausal woman). *Management: Word Catheter Placement for cyst or abscess. *Betadine prep overlying abscess wall at labia ...
Alarmingly, one place we might start operating is the pediatric vulva. Compared to the penis, the external female genitalia ... The women in societies that practice what they call female circumcision are just as devoted to their cultural traditions as are ... European Journal of Womens Studies, 17(1), 7-23.. Ehrenreich, N. (2005). Intersex surgery, female genital cutting, and the ... Earp, B. D. (2016). Boys and girls alike: The ethics of male and female circumcision. In E. C. H. Gathman (Ed.), Women, Health ...
However, the practice of severe forms of female circumcision is now proven to be a great health risk, and the women of the ... This paper reviews the practice of female circumcision and proposes a plan to reduce the use of harmful forms of circumcision, ... an estimated ninety to a hundred million women and girls living today in African countries that have had some form of female ... circumcision (Lane and Rubinstein 1996). Recent articles in the media have reported the growing practice of female circumcision ...
Being a female and presenting a high level of psychopathology are risk factors for chronic scratching. Yet, it is unclear why. ... The purpose of this article is to review six important inflammatory dermatoses of the vulva and to update readers on the new ... Methods: Seventy female SD rats were randomly divided into group A (blank control group, n=10), group B (with application of ... Women with these conditions are best managed by a multidisciplinary approach, which includes clear referral pathways between ...
Patients included in the previous study were female only. In studies evaluating patients with chronic conditions, women ... A calcineurin inhibitor (tacrolimus) ointment may help if the vulva is involved. The points LI 4, St 25, TW 6, which are the ... Living Healthy: Womens Health Aloe vera isnt always the answer Woot! Keep in the refridgerator for extra relief! All # ... Womens Clothing Signs of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin include the following: Shop Online {{ ...
Vulvodynia means ongoing pain in the vulva (the female genital area) when there is nothing abnormal to see and no known cause ... Symptoms may occur only in a small area or involve the entire vulva. The pain can occur spontaneously or when the vulva is ... The skin of the vulva looks normal. This is important as other skin problems, such as infections, can cause the vulva to look ... Some of them may suit some women better than others, so it is worth trying different things to see which will help you. The ...
Only half of women will have symptoms, which may include vaginal discharge or pain in the vagina or abdomen. It can cause ... The vulva and labia form the entrance, and the cervix of the uterus protrudes into the vagina, forming the interior end. ... Estrogen: The genital organs of women both inside and out respond to estrogen. Estrogen treatment may be useful to revitalize ... Genital warts: Genital warts may affect the vulva,vagina, and cervix. Treatments can remove vaginal warts, which are caused by ...
Your vulva & vagina are unique parts of your body. They are different for everyone, coming in many different shapes & sizes, so ... Read more about vulvas and vaginas.. Theres really no such thing as a "normal" looking vulva. Vaginas and vulvas are as unique ... How should I clean my vagina and vulva?. The best way to clean your vulva is to just wash the outside parts with water and mild ... Your vulva and vagina are as unique as the rest of your body. Heres everything you need to know about vulvas, vaginal ...
It started hurting on my vulva and was extremely itching and burning. Now, the itching is gone, but I have a few painless ... Raw, broken skin on vulva. I had a lot of rough sex with my fiance a week ago. It started hurting on my vulva and was extremely ... 15 Cancer Symptoms Women Ignore From skin changes to weight loss to unusual bleeding, here are 15 cancer warning signs that ... Now, the itching is gone, but I have a few painless blisters and a lot of raw, broken skin on my vulva. It is extremely ...
It includes the large and small labia or lips of the female anatomy. These labia and underlying tissue in tha ... The vulva is a part of female genitalia. ... The vulva is the part of the female genitals that you can see ... Continue Learning about Womens Health. Womens Health Did you know that women are more likely to seek medical care than men? ... The vulva is a part of female genitalia. It includes the large and small labia or lips of the female anatomy. These labia and ...
Lesions such as moles and freckles-referred to as pigmented lesions-occur on the vulva of 10 percent to 12 percent of women. ... Womens Voices for Change 2020 - All Rights Reserved - Terms and Conditions - Privacy Policy ... While it may occur in any part of the body it typically involves the vulvar and perianal regions in women. The cause of LS is ...
... C. C. Anunobi,1 F. J. N. Obiajulu,1 A. A ... N. N. Mahajan and L. Choudhrie, "Fibroadenoma of ectopic breast tissue in the vulva: a case report," Journal of Obstetrics and ... S. C. J. van der Putte, "Mammary-like glands of the vulva and their disorders," International Journal of Gynecological ... D. A. Farcy, D. Rabinowitz, and M. Frank, "Ectopic glandular breast tissue in a lactating young woman," Journal of Emergency ...
... C. C. Anunobi,1 F. J. N. Obiajulu,1 A. A ... woman presented to a peripheral hospital with a painless vulva swelling of 6 months duration in the second trimester of her ... The reported incidence of ectopic breast in women is 2-6%, but only a few of such case reports arising from the vulva exist in ... We present a case of vulva fibroadenoma associated with lactating adenoma in a 26-year-old Nigerian female. Conclusion. The ...
The external female genitalia (vulva) include:. *The opening of the vagina (also called the birth canal). The vagina is part of ...
This clinic provides comprehensive pre-cancer and cancer testing and treatment with the health and wellbeing of the whole woman ... The Dysplasia Clinic, part of the Womens Gynaeoncology Service, provides specialist care for women with screen detected ... All women with an abnormal cervical screening result, post coital bleeding or a suspected precancerous condition can be ... The Dysplasia Service screen-detected pre-cancerous abnormalities of the cervix, vulva and vagina and are triaged according to ...
This clinic provides comprehensive pre-cancer and cancer testing and treatment with the health and wellbeing of the whole woman ... This fact sheet is for women who have had a minor operation at the Womens. It explains what to expect after your procedure and ... Most women attending the Dysplasia Clinic for their first appointment will have an examination called a colposcopy to find and ... After you have been referred to the Dysplasia Clinic by a doctor or nurse, you will receive a letter from the Womens with an ...
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Wellbeing of Women funds medical research to end vulva cancer. ... Wellbeing of Women Wellbeing of Women is Britains leading ... Information about vulva cancer including diagnosis, symptons and preventions. ... Cancer of the vulva is rare, with around 1,300 new cases diagnosed each year in the UK. It usually affects older women, and ... Wellbeing of Women is a charity dedicated to improving the health of women and babies, to make a difference to everybodys ...
This rare autoimmune disorder caused a womans vulva to swell up and break out in blisters. We spoke to a dermatologist to find ... Redness and swelling on your vulva is never a welcome sight-but for a 46-year-old unnamed woman, blistering on her genitals led ... These 13 Women Prove Every Body Is a Bikini Body These 13 Women Prove Every Body Is a Bikini Body ... RELATED: This Woman Started Lactating From Her Vulva After Childbirth-Heres How That Can Happen ...
Not to mention women are not treated to clear the underlying virus, which is usually the problem with cervical cancer. I often ... It turns out some women get this response from chemo. Chemo messes with your immune system and i am prone to getting rashes. I ... I started chemo 3 days ago and last night found I had inflamed vulva and looks like yeast, although mild. I bought local honey ... Hundreds more go undetected, so it has been easy for doctors to tell women their urine culture is negative. As time goes on and ...
It took a curious man, Craigs List, and candid women to create Women See Their Vaginas for the First time - what a wonderful ... Home » Blog & News » Looking at Own Genitals (Vulva & Vagina). Looking at Own Genitals (Vulva & Vagina). Posted on June 1, 2014 ... Womens Therapy Center. 54 Sunnyside Blvd, Suite A. Plainview, NY 11803. Phone: 516.576.1118. Fax: 516.576.8876. Email: doctors ... Women who are not our patients are encouraged to ask their clinician to show it to them as mentioned in an older post, Love ...
A rash near the vulva or vagina area can be a simple skin irritation or a sign of something more serious like an infection or ... There are many common conditions and some not so common that can affect the vulva. It is important to care for the vulva and ... Listen to Holly Thacker, M.D. and other medical experts discuss health issues women face every day. ...
Detection and Type-Distribution of Human Papillomavirus in Vulva and Vaginal Abnormal Cytology Lesions and Cancer Tissues from ... Thai Women - Human papillomavirus;vulva;vaginal;type distribution;Thai women; ... Vulva and Vaginal cancers are rare among all gynecological cancers worldwide, including Thailand, and typically affect women in ... Preliminary study on human papillomavirus frequency and specific type-distribution in vulva cancer from thai women. Asian Pac J ...
It has more than one component part and is commonly confused with the vagina that lies deeper within the vulva. ... The vulva is the external genital organs of the female. ... The vulva is the external genital organs of the female. It has ... The vulva in fact, along with the clitoris, is the seat for female sexual pleasure dispelling the myth that the vagina or ... The vulva or the external female genitalia chiefly develops when the baby is still within her mothers womb. Thereafter further ...
  • The term "FGM" is likely to bring to mind the most severe forms of female genital cutting, such as clitoridectomy or infibulation (partial sewing up of the vaginal opening). (bmj.com)
  • The practice is rooted in cultural and religious beliefs of communities who perceive it as a social obligation to control female sexuality and 'preserve or protect' a woman's chastity. (africlaw.com)
  • This relatively simple procedure, in which skin from between the anus and vulva is resected, is considered the treatment of choice for dogs with these excessive perivulvar skin folds. (petplace.com)
  • Researchers surveyed more than 3,000 U.S. women and found that 83.8 percent of them did at least some grooming, according to a 2016 JAMA Dermatology study . (womenshealth.com.au)
  • Pohthipornthawat N, Feldman S, Granter SR, Laga AC, Crum CP, Herfs M. Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis-like HPV Infection of the Vulva in Immunosuppressed Women. (harvard.edu)
  • The soft mound at the front of the vulva is formed by fatty tissue covering the pubic bone, and is called the mons pubis . (wikidoc.org)
  • If you're not sure what's between your womb and the world, confuse your vulva with your vagina, or simply want to know that your labia is perfectly beautiful as-is, Vagina Dispatches makes you feel like you're far from alone. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • Participants included women exposed to DES during pregnancy and men and women exposed before birth (in the womb). (cdc.gov)
  • Around 80 per cent of vulval cancers are diagnosed in women over 60, but it can be seen in younger women too. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Affecting essentially postmenopausal women, this lesion is a distinct and particular entity in vulval carcinoma classification and its scalability is uncertain and unpredictable. (frontiersin.org)
  • The vulva protects the vaginal opening by a "double door": the labia majora and the labia minora as well as a vulval vestibule, and a normal microbial flora that flows from the inside out. (wikidoc.org)
  • this is most common tumor type in female dogs. (petmd.com)
  • Aggressive angiomyxoma is an uncommon soft tissue tumor which preferentially involves pelvic and vulvoperineal regions of young adult females. (springer.com)
  • A rare type of tumor of the female genital tract in which the inside of the cells look clear when viewed under a microscope. (cdc.gov)
  • The male to female ratio in unilateral cases of Wilms tumor is 0.92 to 1.00, but in bilateral cases, it is 0.60 to 1.00. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Vaginas and vulvas are as unique as faces - they all have the same parts, but everyone's looks a little different. (plannedparenthood.org)
  • It took a curious man, Craig's List, and candid women to create Women See Their Vaginas for the First time - what a wonderful experiment! (womentc.com)
  • Athena Lamnisos, CEO of The Eve Appeal said: 'Body confidence is important, but body knowledge is absolutely vital, and our research has shown that women don't know their vaginas from their vulvas. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Antibiotics can wreak all kinds of havoc on the good microorganisms that keep vaginas and vulvas healthy, so it's important to avoid the need to take them if you can. (whallc.com)
  • Each woman's vulva is unique in size and appearance including differences between the right and left labia. (jeanhailes.org.au)
  • This image shows the wound in Christ's side - bleeding, yet fertile with the promise of salvation and rebirth for the souls of humankind - which many artists pictured as if it were a woman's vulva dilating during labour. (wordpress.com)
  • Prevalence and type distribution of human papillomavirus in carcinoma and intraepithelial neoplasia of the vulva, Vaginal and anal: a meta-analysis. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 1 mainly affects young women, typically on the labia majora, although it has also been described on the penis in men, in the anal canal, and in the inguinal folds. (actasdermo.org)
  • Rates of anal and rectal HPV-associated cancers were higher in women than in men, lower in Black women compared with White women, but higher in black men compared with white men. (cdc.gov)
  • The website Scarleteen also has excellent judgment-free information if you search for articles on "vulva" (and it's definitely not just for teens! (whallc.com)
  • For many women, the only time they see other women's vulvas are in pornography, and these images are often photoshopped to look a specific way. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • Changes in norms, social medial, pubic hair "styling", television, movies and other media have contributed to the "visiblity" and awareness of differences in women's vulva and sexuality. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) estrogen-alone substudy reported increased risks of stroke and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 7.1 years of treatment with daily oral conjugated estrogens (CE) [0.625 mg]-alone, relative to placebo [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS , and Clinical Studies ]. (rxlist.com)
  • Risk of chronic vulva discomfort and pain nearly doubled by removing hair from mons pubis, or wearing tight-fitting jeans or pants four or more times a week. (news-medical.net)