A species of gram-negative bacteria transmitted by the flea Ctenocephalides felis, and known to infect CATS, oppossums, and humans.
A species of HELICOBACTER that colonizes in the STOMACH of laboratory MICE; CATS; and DOGS. It is associated with lymphoid follicular hyperplasia and mild GASTRITIS in CATS.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of small felines including the domestic cat, Felis catus (CATS) and its ancestor the wild cat, Felis silvestris.
A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS causing leukemia, lymphosarcoma, immune deficiency, or other degenerative diseases in cats. Several cellular oncogenes confer on FeLV the ability to induce sarcomas (see also SARCOMA VIRUSES, FELINE).
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).
A species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting cats. Transmission occurs via air and mechanical contact.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other.
An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.
A genus of FLEAS in the family Pulicidae. It includes the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis), one of the most common species on earth.
A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.
Infections by the genus RICKETTSIA.
Species of GAMMARETROVIRUS isolated from fibrosarcoma in cats. The viruses are actually recombinant feline leukemia viruses (FeLV) where part of the genome has been replaced by cellular oncogenes. It is unique to individuals and not transmitted naturally to other cats. FeSVs are replication defective and require FeLV to reproduce.
A condition of competitive female athletes in which there are interrelated problems of EATING DISORDERS; AMENORRHEA; and OSTEOPOROSIS.
A species of PARVOVIRUS infecting cats with a highly contagious enteric disease. Host range variants include mink enteritis virus, canine parvovirus (PARVOVIRUS, CANINE), and raccoon parvovirus. After infecting their new hosts, many of these viruses have further evolved and are now considered distinct species.
Parasitic attack by members of the order SIPHONAPTERA.
A genus of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from the intestinal tract of mammals, including humans. It has been associated with PEPTIC ULCER.
A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.
A neoplastic disease of cats frequently associated with feline leukemia virus infection.
The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.
An order of protozoa comprising heteroxenous tick-borne blood parasites. Representative genera include BABESIA, Dactylosoma, and THEILERIA.
Virus diseases caused by the Lentivirus genus. They are multi-organ diseases characterized by long incubation periods and persistent infection.
An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
A family of bacteria which inhabit RED BLOOD CELLS and cause several animal diseases.
A genus of long-legged, swift-moving felines (FELIDAE) from Africa (and formerly Asia) about the size of a small leopard.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The etiologic agent of murine typhus (see TYPHUS, ENDEMIC FLEA-BORNE).
Large, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the cat family FELIDAE, species Panthera leo. They are found in Africa and southern Asia.
An infectious disease clinically similar to epidemic louse-borne typhus (TYPHUS, EPIDEMIC LOUSE-BORNE), but caused by RICKETTSIA TYPHI, which is transmitted from rat to man by the rat flea, XENOPSYLLA CHEOPIS.
Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.
Infections with bacteria of the family ANAPLASMATACEAE.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of urea and water to carbon dioxide and ammonia. EC 3.5.1.5.
A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising felines with long legs, ear tufts, and a short tail.
A subgenus of LENTIVIRUS comprising viruses that produce multi-organ disease with long incubation periods in cats.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDOPHILA.
A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising one species, Puma concolor. It is a large, long-tailed, feline of uniform color. The names puma, cougar, and mountain lion are used interchangeably for this species. There are more than 20 subspecies.
A subclass of protozoans commonly parasitic in the epithelial cells of the intestinal tract but also found in the liver and other organs. Its organisms are found in both vertebrates and higher invertebrates and comprise two orders: EIMERIIDA and EUCOCCIDIIDA.
Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
A plant family of the order Celastrales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A giant elastic protein of molecular mass ranging from 2,993 kDa (cardiac), 3,300 kDa (psoas), to 3,700 kDa (soleus) having a kinase domain. The amino- terminal is involved in a Z line binding, and the carboxy-terminal region is bound to the myosin filament with an overlap between the counter-connectin filaments at the M line.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
One of ANTIPROTOZOAL AGENTS used especially against BABESIA in livestock. Toxicity has been reported.
A species of the genus PARVOVIRUS and a host range variant of FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS. It causes a highly infectious fulminating ENTERITIS in dogs producing high mortality. It is distinct from CANINE MINUTE VIRUS, a species in the genus BOCAVIRUS. This virus can also infect cats and mink.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A species of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria found in the gastric mucosa that is associated with chronic antral gastritis. This bacterium was first discovered in samples removed at endoscopy from patients investigated for HELICOBACTER PYLORI colonization.
Inflammation of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, a lesion observed in a number of unrelated disorders.
Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The type species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing most forms of non-genital herpes simplex in humans. Primary infection occurs mainly in infants and young children and then the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. It then is periodically reactivated throughout life causing mostly benign conditions.
Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.
Animals or humans raised in the absence of a particular disease-causing virus or other microorganism. Less frequently plants are cultivated pathogen-free.
A species of tick (TICKS) in the family IXODIDAE, distributed throughout the world but abundant in southern Europe. It will feed on a wide variety of MAMMALS, but DOGS are its preferred host. It transmits a large number of diseases including BABESIOSIS; THEILERIASIS; EHRLICHIOSIS; and MEDITERRANEAN SPOTTED FEVER.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.
Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of big felines including LIONS; TIGERS; jaguars; and the leopard.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Arthropods, other than insects and arachnids, which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Purulent infections of the conjunctiva by several species of gram-negative, gram-positive, or acid-fast organisms. Some of the more commonly found genera causing conjunctival infections are Haemophilus, Streptococcus, Neisseria, and Chlamydia.
Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.
Virus diseases caused by the RETROVIRIDAE.
Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).
A family of large terrestrial carnivores possessing long legs, coarse guard hairs and a busy tail. It is comprised of hyenas and aardwolves.
The naturally occurring or experimentally induced replacement of one or more AMINO ACIDS in a protein with another. If a functionally equivalent amino acid is substituted, the protein may retain wild-type activity. Substitution may also diminish, enhance, or eliminate protein function. Experimentally induced substitution is often used to study enzyme activities and binding site properties.
Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.
Genus of non-oncogenic retroviruses which establish persistent infections in many animal species but are considered non-pathogenic. Its species have been isolated from primates (including humans), cattle, cats, hamsters, horses, and sea lions. Spumaviruses have a foamy or lace-like appearance and are often accompanied by syncytium formation. SIMIAN FOAMY VIRUS is the type species.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Specific molecular components of the cell capable of recognizing and interacting with a virus, and which, after binding it, are capable of generating some signal that initiates the chain of events leading to the biological response.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
Mucopolysaccharidosis with excessive CHONDROITIN SULFATE B in urine, characterized by dwarfism and deafness. It is caused by a deficiency of N-ACETYLGALACTOSAMINE-4-SULFATASE (arylsulfatase B).
Viruses that produce tumors.
Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
A subfamily of HERPESVIRIDAE characterized by a short replication cycle. The genera include: SIMPLEXVIRUS; VARICELLOVIRUS; MAREK'S DISEASE-LIKE VIRUSES; and ILTOVIRUS.
The classic form of typhus, caused by RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII, which is transmitted from man to man by the louse Pediculus humanus corporis. This disease is characterized by the sudden onset of intense headache, malaise, and generalized myalgia followed by the formation of a macular skin eruption and vascular and neurologic disturbances.
Spherical RNA viruses, in the order NIDOVIRALES, infecting a wide range of animals including humans. Transmission is by fecal-oral and respiratory routes. Mechanical transmission is also common. There are two genera: CORONAVIRUS and TOROVIRUS.
Juvenile hormone analog and insect growth regulator used to control insects by disrupting metamorphosis. Has been effective in controlling mosquito larvae.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
An order of parasitic protozoa found in blood cells and epithelial cells of vertebrates and invertebrates. Life cycles involve both sexual and asexual phases.
A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It lacks hemagglutinin-esterase.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting dogs. Onset of symptoms is usually sudden and includes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.
The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.
Compounds having the nitro group, -NO2, attached to carbon. When attached to nitrogen they are nitramines and attached to oxygen they are NITRATES.
An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
An enzyme from the sulfuric ester hydrolase class that breaks down one of the products of the chondroitin lyase II reaction. EC 3.1.6.9.
Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Strains of MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS discovered in 1976 by Hartley, Wolford, Old, and Rowe and so named because the viruses originally isolated had the capacity to transform cell foci in mink cell cultures. MCF viruses are generated by recombination with ecotropic murine leukemia viruses including AKR, Friend, Moloney, and Rauscher, causing ERYTHROLEUKEMIA and severe anemia in mice.
A carcinoma composed mainly of epithelial elements with little or no stroma. Medullary carcinomas of the breast constitute 5%-7% of all mammary carcinomas; medullary carcinomas of the thyroid comprise 3%-10% of all thyroid malignancies. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1141; Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
DNA sequences that form the coding region for the viral envelope (env) proteins in retroviruses. The env genes contain a cis-acting RNA target sequence for the rev protein (= GENE PRODUCTS, REV), termed the rev-responsive element (RRE).
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
Those proteins recognized by antibodies from serum of animals bearing tumors induced by viruses; these proteins are presumably coded for by the nucleic acids of the same viruses that caused the neoplastic transformation.
An island republic in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Nicosia. It was colonized by the Phoenicians and ancient Greeks and ruled successively by the Assyrian, Persian, Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine Empires. It was under various countries from the 12th to the 20th century but became independent in 1960. The name comes from the Greek Kupros, probably representing the Sumerian kabar or gabar, copper, famous in historic times for its copper mines. The cypress tree is also named after the island. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p308 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p134)
Duplex DNA sequences in eukaryotic chromosomes, corresponding to the genome of a virus, that are transmitted from one cell generation to the next without causing lysis of the host. Proviruses are often associated with neoplastic cell transformation and are key features of retrovirus biology.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
A fibric acid derivative used in the treatment of HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE III and severe HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p986)
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
A genus of fleas in the family Pulicidae which includes the species that serves as the primary vector of BUBONIC PLAGUE, Xenopsylla cheopis.
An enzyme that is active in the first step of choline phosphoglyceride (lecithin) biosynthesis by catalyzing the phosphorylation of choline to phosphorylcholine in the presence of ATP. Ethanolamine and its methyl and ethyl derivatives can also act as acceptors. EC 2.7.1.32.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).
The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
The family Erinaceidae, in the order INSECTIVORA. Most are true hedgehogs possessing a coat of spines and a very short tail. Those members of the family found in Southeast Asia (moonrats or gymnures) have normal body hair and a long tail.
DNA sequences that form the coding region for proteins associated with the viral core in retroviruses. gag is short for group-specific antigen.
A family of very small DNA viruses containing a single molecule of single-stranded DNA and consisting of two subfamilies: PARVOVIRINAE and DENSOVIRINAE. They infect both vertebrates and invertebrates.
Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.
Leukemia induced experimentally in animals by exposure to leukemogenic agents, such as VIRUSES; RADIATION; or by TRANSPLANTATION of leukemic tissues.
Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.
Infections produced by oncogenic viruses. The infections caused by DNA viruses are less numerous but more diverse than those caused by the RNA oncogenic viruses.
Bacterial, viral, or parasitic diseases transmitted to humans and animals by the bite of infected ticks. The families Ixodidae and Argasidae contain many bloodsucking species that are important pests of man and domestic birds and mammals and probably exceed all other arthropods in the number and variety of disease agents they transmit. Many of the tick-borne diseases are zoonotic.
The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).
An inborn error of metabolism marked by a defect in the lysosomal isoform of ALPHA-MANNOSIDASE activity that results in lysosomal accumulation of mannose-rich intermediate metabolites. Virtually all patients have psychomotor retardation, facial coarsening, and some degree of dysostosis multiplex. It is thought to be an autosomal recessive disorder.
Rounded or pyramidal cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS. They secrete HYDROCHLORIC ACID and produce gastric intrinsic factor, a glycoprotein that binds VITAMIN B12.
Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Virus diseases caused by the HERPESVIRIDAE.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
Infection, moderate to severe, caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, which occurs either on the external surface of the eye or intraocularly with probable inflammation, visual impairment, or blindness.
Proteins from the family Retroviridae. The most frequently encountered member of this family is the Rous sarcoma virus protein.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Proteins coded by the retroviral gag gene. The products are usually synthesized as protein precursors or POLYPROTEINS, which are then cleaved by viral proteases to yield the final products. Many of the final products are associated with the nucleoprotein core of the virion. gag is short for group-specific antigen.
A tumor necrosis family receptor with specificity for OX40 LIGAND. It is found on the surface of activated T-LYMPHOCYTES where it plays a role in enhancing cytokine production and proliferation of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing upper and lower RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS. It shares the receptor used by the SARS VIRUS.
Transforming glycoprotein coded by the fms oncogene from the Susan McDonough strain of feline sarcoma virus (SM-FeSV). The oncogene protein v-fms lacks sequences, which, in the highly homologous proto-oncogene protein c-fms (CSF-1 receptor), normally serve to regulate its tyrosine kinase activity. The missing sequences in v-fms mimic the effect of ligand and lead to constitutive cell growth. The protein gp120(v-fms) is post-translationally modified to generate gp140(v-fms).
Proteins found in any species of virus.
A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.
Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.
A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
Cat News. Special Issue 11: 73-75. Linnaeus, C. (1758). "Felis pardus". Caroli Linnæi Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, ... Cat Specialist Group (2005). Cat Project of the Month - November 2005: Conservation biology of leopards (Panthera pardus) in a ... Species portrait African leopard; IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group Leopards .:. wild-cat.org - Information about research and ... Southern Africa Felis leopardus suahelicus by Oscar Neumann in 1900 from the Tanganyika territory Felis leopardus nanopardus by ...
Jungle cat: Gray, T. N. E.; Timmins, R. J.; Jathana, D.; Duckworth, J. W.; Baral, H.; Mukherjee, S. (2016). "Felis chaus". IUCN ... Prionailurus sizes: Leopard cat, Sunda leopard cat: "CatSG: Leopard Cat". International Union for Conservation of Nature Cat ... Sand cat: "CatSG: Sand cat". International Union for Conservation of Nature Cat Specialist Group. Archived from the original on ... Bay cat: "CatSG: Borneo Bay Cat". International Union for Conservation of Nature Cat Specialist Group. Archived from the ...
Partington, C. F. (1835). "Felis, the cat tribe". The British cyclopæedia of natural history. Orr & Smith. Treep, L. (1973). On ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 66- ... In 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group revised felid taxonomy and now recognizes the living and ... Felis tigris sondaicus was proposed by Coenraad Jacob Temminck in 1844 as a scientific name for the Javan tiger. In 1929, the ...
Charles Frederick Partington (1835). "Felis, the cat tribe". The British cyclopæedia of natural history. Orr & Smith. ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News (Special Issue 11). ... "Big Cat Rescue FAQ". Big Cat Rescue. 9 February 2012. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2012 ... Lion - Who Would Win?, Smithsonian Trailing the Big Cats LION vs TIGER: Battle Of The Big Cats , BBC Earth Unplugged Are there ...
Cat News (Special Issue 11): 23-29. Kerr, R. (1792). "Bengal Tiger-Cat Felis bengalensis". The Animal Kingdom or zoological ... Pocock classified the leopard cat, rusty-spotted cat and fishing cat as belonging to the genus Prionailurus. Pocock's ... namely Felis pardachrous described by Brian Houghton Hodgson - the leopard cat. As varieties, Severtzov lists Felis nipalensis ... followed by the flat-headed cat and then the fishing cat. It is estimated to have diverged together with the leopard cat ...
Meaning: cat. "Felis" alone is the genus name for the group that includes the domestic cat. Examples: Dinofelis ("terrible cat ... Examples: dinosaur ("terrible lizard"), Dinofelis ("terrible cat"), Dinornis ("terrible bird"); Deinonychus ("terrible claw"), ... "); Eofelis ("dawn cat"); Pardofelis ("leopard cat") -form, -formes: Pronunciation: /foʊrm/, /foʊrms/. Origin: Latin: forma. ... felis: Pronunciation: /fiːlɪs/. Origin: Latin: felis, feles. ...
Since 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group recognizes Felis silvestris silvestris as the valid ... feline coronavirus, feline foamy virus, feline herpesvirus, feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus. Scottish ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 16- ... Matthews, L. H. (1941). "Reproduction in the Scottish wild cat, Felis silvestris grampia Miller". Proceedings of the Zoological ...
Felis silvestris), a smaller cat; the caracal (Caracal caracal), the African wild cat (Felis sylvestris); the African hunting ... a secretive large African cat (found even outside the two parks); the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is in the national parks but ...
The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 66- ... Felis tigris was the scientific name used by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 for the tiger.Panthera tigris corbetti was proposed by ... Cat News: 6−8. Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) McMullin, A. (2005). "IUCN tiger specialist Peter Jackson earns his ... In order to deter poaching, they organize "Cat Walks", a citizen patrol in danger zones. MYCAT has a goal of increasing the ...
The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 45. ... Felis pardina was the scientific name proposed by Coenraad Jacob Temminck in 1827 who described skins of Iberian lynxes that ... Cat News. 57: 34. Jones, S. (2020). "The lynx effect: Iberian cat claws its way back from brink of extinction". The Guardian. ... Cats portal Mammals portal Bobcat Canada lynx Felicola isidoroi Boscaini, A.; Alba, D.M.; Beltrán, J.F.; Moya-Sola, S. & ...
Family: Felidae (cats) *Subfamily: Felinae *Genus: Felis *Wildcat Felis silvestris LC. *Genus: Lynx *Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx NT ...
Barrs discovered Aspergillus felis, an environmental fungus that causes invasive, intractable disease in cats, dogs and humans ... Barrs, VR (2013). "Aspergillus felis sp. nov. An emerging agent of aspergillosis in humans, cats and dogs". PLOS ONE. 8 (6): ... "A feline fungus joins the new species list". University of Sydney. 18 June 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2014. "Research Staff - ... Datta, Kausik (27 June 2013). "Brace yourself, internet: cats and dogs at risk from new fungus". Science Alert. Retrieved 1 ...
The smallest cat species are the rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) and the black-footed cat (Felis nigripes). The ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11. ... Mills, M. G. L. (2005). "Felis nigripes Burchell, 1824 Black-footed cat". In Skinner, J. D. & Chimimba, C. T. (eds.). The ... Wild cats occur in Africa, Europe, Asia and the Americas. Some wild cat species are adapted to forest habitats, some to arid ...
Nora The Piano Cat. Species. Felis domesticus. Sex. Female. Born. c. 2004 (aged 13). ... Nora The Piano Cat (born 2004) is a gray tabby cat, rescued from the streets of Camden, New Jersey, by the Furrever Friends ... "Microtrends: Piano-Playing Cats". The Times. Retrieved 2012-07-22.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw- ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nora_(cat)&oldid=873487179" ...
Feb 2006). "Genome sequence of the cat pathogen, Chlamydophila felis". DNA Res. 13 (1): 15-23. doi:10.1093/dnares/dsi027. PMID ... 2005). "The genome sequence of Rickettsia felis identifies the first putative conjugative plasmid in an obligate intracellular ...
... and feral cats (Felis catus). The species has the highest reported prevalence of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum), but their ...
Cat. (Felis silvestris catus) 38 Beech marten. (Martes foina) 38 Baja California ratsnake. (Bogertophis rosaliae) 38 [61] ...
The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News (Special Issue 11): 71− ... Felis leo senegalensis also described by Meyer in 1826, but based on a lion skin from Senegal. Felis leo nubicus described in ... In 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group subsumed lion populations according to the major ... In 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group subsumed lion populations in North, West and ...
Scientific name for a domestic cat is, Felis domesticus. It is noted that the domestic cat was present in the Philippines by ... In which led to the domestic cat introduction in Southeast Asia after 1000 A.D. It is noted in Neil Todd's article, Cats and ... How the cats were introduced to the Philippines is unknown. It is hypothesized that their introduction was a result of trading ... In which they would accompany them on long voyages, resulting in cats being introduced all over the world. In Antonio ...
220 The Jungle Cat (Felis chaus)...223 It will Sit and Watch on a Crag...224 The Black Leopard...225 The Black Leopard- His ... The three plates of the two species of florican and of the jungle cat are from drawings made expressly for Records of Sport by ...
Domestic cats become infected with Ba. felis and Ba. cati from feeding ticks. Cytauxzoon felis is a protozoan related to ... If it infects domestic cats, it causes a cytauxzoonosis that is eventually fatal.[citation needed] Theileria annulata is a ... Walker, Mark David (2 November 2017). "Ticks on dogs and cats". The Veterinary Nurse. 8 (9): 486-492. doi:10.12968/vetn.2017.8. ...
Domestic cat (Felis catus). The Abyssinian /æbɪˈsɪniən/ is a breed of domestic short-haired cat (ድመት) with a distinctive " ... household pet cat registry, domestic cat registry, Savannah cat, Bengal cat, Persian cat, Maine Coon cat" (PDF). Tica.org. ... "Welcome to TICA - The International Cat Association, TICA cats, TICA pedigreed cats, pedigreed cats, pedigreed cats registry, ... "Cat Progressive Retinal Atrophy". Vgl.ucdavis.edu. Retrieved 2013-12-27.. *^ Lyons LA (December 2012). "Genetic testing in ...
Domestic cat (Felis catus). Sphynx - blue eyes. The Sphynx cat is a breed of cat known for its lack of coat (fur). Hairlessness ... The Cat Fanciers' Association. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2010-10-26.. *^ "Sphynx Cat Wear - clothes for Sphynx cats". sphynxcatwear ... Allergies to cats are triggered by a protein called Fel d1, not cat hair itself. Fel d1 is a protein primarily found in cat ... "Sphynx Cat History". BeeblebroxSphynx.com. Retrieved 2010-11-17.. *^ a b c "Sphynx Cat Breed-History, Appearance & Temperament" ...
Domestic cat (Felis catus). The Somali cat is often described as a long-haired Abyssinian; a product of a recessive gene in ... Edwards, Alan (2005) [1999]. The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Cats Cat Breeds & Cat Care. Trevor Turner (Consultant) John Daniels ( ... "Somali Cats , Somali Cat Breed Info & Pictures , petMD". www.petmd.com. Retrieved 2016-04-15.. ... The cat itself is medium-large in size.[5][6] Colors and patterns[edit]. The usual or ruddy Somali is golden brown ticked with ...
Domestic cat (Felis catus). The Ragamuffin is a breed of domestic cat. It is a variant of the Ragdoll cat and was established ... Legacy of the cat. Chronicle books, 2001. *^ Breed Standard: Ragamuffin Cat Fanciers Association Archived 2005-12-08 at the ... The first cat association to accept the breed at full show champion status was the United Feline Organization (UFO), and while ... Main article: Ragdoll cat. In the 1960s, a regular, non-pedigreed, light-grey, domestic long-haired cat named Josephine (of ...
Domestic cat (Felis catus). A domestic short-haired cat is a cat of mixed ancestry-thus not belonging to any particular ... While not bred as show cats, some mixed-breed cats are actually pedigreed and entered into cat shows that have non-purebred " ... Domestic long-haired cat. References[edit]. *^ a b Domestic Longhair (Video). Cats 101. Animal Planet.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... In the cat fancy, and among veterinarians and animal control agencies, domestic short-haired cats may be classified with ...
nov., with Afipia felis sp. nov. (formerly the cat scratch disease bacillus), Afipia clevelandensis sp. nov. (formerly the ...
Paltridge, Rachel; Gibson, David; Edwards, Glenn (1997). "Diet of the Feral Cat (Felis catus) in Central Australia". Wildlife ... In central Australia, feral cats have been known to feed on a wide range diet, including reptiles. It seems that during the ... However, the southern spiny-tailed gecko might also encounter some introduced species of predators such as feral cats. ... summer, feral cats frequently feed on reptiles, including geckos:. S. intermedius is not a threatened species. The species has ...
Carl Linnaeus named the domestic cat Felis catus in 1758; Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber named the wildcat Felis ... silvestris for the wild cat. Taxonomists who consider the domesticated cat the same species as the wild cat should use F. ... taxonomists who consider the domesticated cat a subspecies of the wild cat should use F. silvestris catus; taxonomists who ... For taxonomists who consider these two kinds of cat a single species the principle of priority means that the species ought to ...
"Invasive Species Fact Sheet: The feral cat (Felis catus)" (PDF). Department of the Environment and Heritage (Australia). 2004. ... Feral cat bounties in Queensland have also been considered to counter the growing problem. The dingo is subject to various ... "Australian scientists plan to kill feral cats with toxic pellets injected into native wildlife". The Telegraph. 12 May 2017. ... How many feral cats are in Australia?". Biological Conservation. 206: 293-303. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.11.032. " ...
Pallas's Cat (Felis manul). *Pisîka axê (Felis margarita). *Black-footed Cat (Felis nigripes) ... Pisîka (Felis margarita). *Pisîka (Felis nigripes). *Pisîka kûvî an givir (Felis silvestris) *Pisîka malan (Felis silvestris ...
Hartmann K, Addie D, Belák S, Boucraut-Baralon C, et al «Toxoplasma gondii infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and ... Raiden Grandía, G; Ángel Entrena, G; Jeddú Cruz, H «Toxoplasmosis en Felis catus: Etiología, epidemiología y enfermedad» (en ... Must K, Hytönen MK, Orro T, Lohi H, Jokelainen P «Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence varies by cat breed» (en anglès). PLoS One, ... management» (en anglès). J Feline Med Surg, 2013 Jul; 15 (7), pp: 631-637. DOI: 10.1177/1098612X13489228. PMC: 1532-2750. PMID ...
Felis. *European wildcat (F. silvestris). *African wildcat (F. lybica). *Jungle cat (F. chaus) ...
Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758). സസ്തനികളിലെ ഫെലിഡേ കുടുംബത്തിലെ പാന്തറ ജനുസ്സിൽ ഉൾപ്പെട്ട ഒരു വന്യജീവിയാണ് സിംഹം. (ഇംഗ്ലീഷ്: Lion. ... Turner, Allen (1997). The big cats and their fossil relatives : an illustrated guide to their evolution and natural history. ... Nowell K, Jackson P (1996). "Panthera Leo". Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: ... ശാസ്ത്രീയനാമം പാന്തറ ലിയോ). വലിയ പൂച്ചകൾ (Big Cats) എന്നറിയപ്പെടുന്ന നാല് ജീവികളിൽ ഒന്നാണ് സിംഹം. 272 കിലോഗ്രാം വരെ ഭാരം ...
The Cats of Ulthar Los gatos de Ulthar 1920 Cuento The Temple El templo 1920 Cuento ... To Felis. Trabajos filosóficos[editar]. *The Crime of the Century (1915). *The Renaissance of Manhood (1915) ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Felis. *Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti). *Pisîka kedî (F. catus). *Jungle cat (F. chaus) ...
Cat Flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis Bouché (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Springer Netherlands. pp. 797-801. ISBN 978-1-4020-6242 ... Rickettsia felis, Bartonella henselae, and the myxomatosis virus.[30]:73 They can carry Hymenolepiasis tapeworms[32] and ... Fleas feed on a wide variety of warm-blooded vertebrates including humans, dogs, cats, rabbits, squirrels, ferrets, rats, mice ... Shryock, J. (2006). "Time Spent by Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) Larvae in Food Patches of Varying Quality". ...
Felis. *European wildcat (F. silvestris). *African wildcat (F. lybica). *Jungle cat (F. chaus) ... For the most part, this coexistence is agreeable for both fox and man, but can sometimes result in house pet (cat) ...
... domestic cat hybrid, or a melanistic wild cat. In earlier times it may have spawned the legend of the Cat Sidhe or "Fairy Cat". ... Felis silvestris) in the British Isles with numbers estimated at between 400 and 2,000 animals,[29] and of the red fox ... A variety of exotic cats are rumoured to exist,[165] including the 'Beast of Buchan'.[166] The 'Kellas Cat' of Moray is a jet ... "The Scottish Big Cat Trust. Retrieved 10 August 2007.. *^ "The Beast of Buchan". The Scotsman. 24 December 2006. Retrieved 1 ...
Felis. *Wildcat (F. silvestris). *Jungle cat (F. chaus). *Black-footed cat (F. nigripes) ... Tigers and other large cats are potential predators.[22] American Museum of Natural History naturalist and co-founder Albert S ...
Felis. *European wildcat (F. silvestris). *African wildcat (F. lybica). *Jungle cat (F. chaus) ... Other English names used in the past include fire fox, fire cat, red cat, fox bear, bright panda, and Himalayan raccoon.[74][35 ... It is also called the lesser panda, the red bear-cat, and the red cat-bear.[4] ... Cat Bear, Fox Cat, Fire Fox, Himalayan Raccoon are names that have been used to identify this furry, cuddly animal. ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Oroya fever. *Ehrlichiosis ewingii infection. *β: Gonococcemia/Gonorrhea/Primary gonococcal dermatitis ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Hybrid of the Abyssinian × jungle cat (Felis chaus). Normal. Short. Solid black, black grizzled tabby and black ticked tabby. ... Hybrid of short-haired cats × the African wildcat (Felis lybica). Semi-foreign Short. Solid black, chocolate spotted tabby or ... The following list of cat breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids. The list includes established ... There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of ...
Felis. *Wildcat (F. silvestris). *Jungle cat (F. chaus). *Black-footed cat (F. nigripes) ...
Ctenocephalides felis. References[edit]. *^ Jurášek, V., Dubinský, P., 1993. Veterinárna parazitológia. Príroda a.s., ... cat, or other household pet - is commonly used to detect the presence of mites.[4] ...
Felis. *European wildcat (F. silvestris). *African wildcat (F. lybica). *Jungle cat (F. chaus) ... Urban foxes, however, have been identified as threats to cats and small dogs, and for this reason there is often pressure to ... This selective breeding resulted in physical and behavioral traits appearing that are frequently seen in domestic cats, dogs, ...
"Albinism in the domestic cat (Felis catus) is associated with a tyrosinase (TYR) mutation". Animal Genetics. 37 (2): 175-8. ... The cat's genes code for dark hair, thus the hair-producing cells in the cat make cellular proteins resulting in dark hair. But ... An interesting example is the coat coloration of the Siamese cat. In this case, the body temperature of the cat plays the role ... The protein remains functional in areas of skin that are colder-such as its legs, ears, tail and face-so the cat has dark hair ...
The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 71- ... 200 Felis leo". Natural History of the Mammalia of India and Ceylon. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink and Co. pp. 159-161.. ... "Big Cats. St. Paul: Voyageur Press. p. 67.. *^ a b c d e Kinnear, N. B. (1920). "The past and present distribution of the lion ... Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. pp. 37-41. ISBN 978-2 ...
... domestic cats (Felis catus), and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes).[40] Humans are now the leading predator of adult turkeys.[41][42] ...
It dwarfs its modern relative, the common house cat, Felis catus.. The Machairodontinae originated in the early or middle ... Do Cats Hear with Their Feet?: Where Cats Come From, what We Know about Them.. [full citation needed] ... Modern cats, and presumably the basal genera of all cats, such as Pseudaelurus and Proailurus, use the throat clamp as a common ... Dirk-toothed cats had elongated, narrow upper canines and generally had stocky bodies. Scimitar-toothed cats had broader and ...
Organism reclassified: Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) (originally Felis leo). *Plantae *Original name valid: Magnolia virginiana ...
S. felis - cats. S. fleurettii - goats. S. gallinarum - chickens, goats, pheasants. S. haemolyticus - humans, Cercocebus, ... S. felis. S. fleurettii. S. gallinarum. S. haemolyticus. S. hominis. S. hyicus. S. intermedius. S. jettensis. S. kloosii. S. ... S. hyicus-intermedius group - S. agnetis, S. chromogenes, S. cornubiensis, S. felis, S. delphini, S. hyicus, S. intermedius, S ... S. pseudintermedius inhabits and sometimes infects the skin of domestic dogs and cats. This organism, too, can carry the ...
... and domestic cat (Felis silvestris f. catus)". Journal of Anatomy. 201 (3): 195-209. doi:10.1046/j.1469-7580.2002.00088.x. PMC ... List of largest cats. References. *^ a b c d e f g Quigley, H.; Foster, R.; Petracca, L.; Payan, E.; Salom, R. & Harmsen, B. ( ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 70- ... Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. IUCN. pp. 118-122. ...
Cat (Felis). Spinal motor neuron. −55 to −80. 80-110. 1-1.5. 30-120 ... Comparison of the conduction velocities of myelinated and unmyelinated axons in the cat.[50] The conduction velocity v of ...
Cat-scratch disease. *Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *either henselae or quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
The anatomy of the domestic cat is similar to that of other members of the genus Felis. ... "Cat Anatomy". cat-chitchat.pictures-of-cats.org. 9 July 2008.. *^ Lacquaniti, F.; Grasso, R.; Zago, M. (1 August 1999). "Motor ... The nose helps cats to identify territories, other cats and mates, to locate food, and for various other causes.[3] A cat's ... "Cat claw" redirects here. For the superhero, see Cat Claw. For the plant species, see Cat's claw. ...
Cat News (Special Issue 11): 41−42.. *^ Van Zyll de Jong, C. G. (1975). "Differentiation of the Canada lynx, Felis (Lynx) ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). ... Morelle, R. (April 24, 2013). "'Big cat' Canada lynx was on the loose in UK in 1903". BBC News. Retrieved July 16, 2013.. ... "Wild Cats of the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 154-163. ISBN 978-0-226-77999-7. .. ...
Cat News Special Issue 10 (in press).. Goodman, S.M. and Helmy, I. 1986. The sand cat Felis margarita Loche, 1958 in Egypt. ... Cats of the World. Stämpfli Publikationen AG, Bern.. Breton, G. 2015. Sand Cat (Felis margarita) International Studbook Volume ... Israels elusive feline: sand cats. Cat News 18: 15-16.. Allan, T. and Warren, A. 1993. Deserts: the encroaching wilderness. ... Occurrence of Ruppells fox Vulpes rueppelli and Sand cat Felis margarita in Syria. Zoology in the Middle East 42: 99-101. ...
Felis catus (Cat) (Felis silvestris catus)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A2I2UP34,A0A2I2UP34_FELCA Uncharacterized protein OS=Felis catus OX=9685 PE=3 SV=1 ...
Felis catus (Cat) (Felis silvestris catus). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand% ... sp,P81071,TRYP_FELCA Trypsin (Fragment) OS=Felis catus OX=9685 PE=1 SV=1 FPIDDDDKIVGGYTNR Align. Format. Add to basket. Added ...
Autosomal Phosphogluconic Dehydrogenase Polymorphism in the Cat (Felis catus L.). By H. C. Thuline, Anne C. Morrow, D. E. Norby ... Autosomal Phosphogluconic Dehydrogenase Polymorphism in the Cat (Felis catus L.). By H. C. Thuline, Anne C. Morrow, D. E. Norby ... Autosomal Phosphogluconic Dehydrogenase Polymorphism in the Cat (Felis catus L.) Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a ... patterns of 6-phosphogluconic dehydrogenase activity were obtained by starch-gel electrophoresis of blood from domestic cats. ...
FELIS CATUS DANDER. 5000 [BAU] in 1 mL. FELIS CATUS SKIN (UNII: 5308ED00EL) (FELIS CATUS SKIN - UNII:5308ED00EL) FELIS CATUS ... FELIS CATUS DANDER. 10000 [BAU] in 1 mL. FELIS CATUS SKIN (UNII: 5308ED00EL) (FELIS CATUS SKIN - UNII:5308ED00EL) FELIS CATUS ... See full prescribing information for Standardized Cat Hair Allergenic Extract. Standardized Cat Hair Allergenic Extract (Felis ... GREER Standardized Cat Hair Allergenic Extract is a sterile solution of extracted cat pelt and cat dander. Each vial contains ...
Felis silvestris catus, featuring CT-generated animations of the skull and commentary by Dr. Pamela Owen ... Digital Morphology account of the feral domestic cat, ... Cat Genome Project. Domestic cat breeds on the Cat Fanciers ... Multivariate analysis of craniometric characters in European wild cat, domestic cat, and African wild cat (genus Felis). ... Mitochondrial DNA comparisons between the African wild cat, European wild cat, and the domestic cat. South African Journal of ...
Felis_catus_9.0 (GCF_000181335.3). E2. NC_018737.3 (7736443..7741624) 103 previous assembly. Felis_catus_8.0 (GCF_000181335.2) ... FAM71E1 family with sequence similarity 71 member E1 [ Felis catus (domestic cat) ] Gene ID: 101092411, updated on 23-Jul-2018 ... Reference Felis_catus_9.0 Primary Assembly. Genomic * NC_018737.3 Reference Felis_catus_9.0 Primary Assembly ... RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Felis catus Annotation Release 104 details.... The following sections contain reference sequences ...
The primary structure of hemoglobins from the domestic cat (Felis catus, Felidae).. Abbasi A, Braunitzer G. ... The complete primary structure of the two hemoglobin components of the domestic cat (Felis catus) is presented. The major ...
Homologous recombination - Felis catus (domestic cat) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
Sulfur metabolism - Felis catus (domestic cat) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
... like Domestic cat (Felis catus) from stock-photos ... Animal Cat Day Entire Felis Length Mammals Photo The Wholly: 8 ... Domestic Cat (felis Catus). Royalty free: Domestic cat (Felis catus) Author: Stephan RechDate: 2010-10-12 Royalty Free photo ... Wildcat Felis Silvestris Resting On The Stump Of A Tree. Photographie: Wildcat Felis silvestris resting on the stump of a tree ... Young Grey-tigered Cat Sitting On A Chair. Photos: Young grey-tigered cat sitting on a chair Author: Michael WeberDate: 2008-08 ...
The dog and cat fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera), Ctenocephalides canis (Curtis), and Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché) are ... K. R. Michael, "Advances in the control of Ctenocephalides felis (cat flea) on cats and dogs," TRENDS in Parasitology, vol. 21 ... Ctenocephalides felis felis) on dogs and cats," Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 91, no. 3-4, pp. 201-212, 2000. View at Publisher ... Ctenocephalides felis is an ectoparasitic flea species commonly found on dogs and cats. The current study verified the in vitro ...
GENERAL NOTE: The most common house or domestic flea is the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, which is usually the common flea ... Pukapuka: informant report about fleas on cats, 2/2004, to G.McCormack, probably Ctenocephalides felis. ... COMMON NAMES: Cat Flea, Floorboard Flea, Carpet Flea; German Katzenfloh. TRADITIONAL NAMES: Tutua (RR), Kutu Kurī (MG), Tūtua ... The cat flea is an intermediate host of the dog tapeworm, Dipylidium caninum, and an animal (or person) can become infected by ...
Due to clinical concerns of hypothyroidism in a bachelor group of adult male Pallas cats (Otocolobus (Felis) manul) which also ... EVALUATION OF THYROID HORMONES AND AS INFLUENCED BY TREATMENT WITH DESLORELIN IN PALLAS CATS (OTOCOLOBUS (FELIS) MANUL). ... CATS (OTOCOLOBUS (FELIS) MANUL)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 46(4), 675-681, (1 December 2015) Include:. ... CATS (OTOCOLOBUS (FELIS) MANUL)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 46(4), 675-681, (1 December 2015). https://doi.org/ ...
Raymond M. Danner, Chris Farmer, Steven C. Hess, Robert M. Stephens, and Paul C. Banko "Survival of Feral Cats, Felis catus ( ... Feral cats (Felis catus) have spread throughout anthropogenic and insular environments of the world. They now threaten many ... Survival of Feral Cats, Felis catus (Carnivora: Felidae), on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, Based on Tooth Cementum Lines. ... Raymond M. Danner, Chris Farmer, Steven C. Hess, Robert M. Stephens, Paul C. Banko "Survival of Feral Cats, Felis catus ( ...
Infection and seroconversion of cats exposed to cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis Bouché) infected with Rickettsia felis. J ... felis or R. typhi could have led to Cat 1 producing typhus-group antibodies, only R. felis DNA was detected in the cat fleas. ... and from pooled and crushed cat fleas that were collected from cats in the group that Cat 1 and Cat 2 had come from. A ... It is common for blood from cats infected with R. felis to be negative for rickettsial DNA,8 as in this case. Cat 1 still had ...
Eleven cats were unique to Expt 1 and one cat took part in Expts 1 and 4. Another group of 11 cats were common to Expts 2, 3 ... The 12 cats in Expt 5 had previously taken part in Expts 1 (three cats) and 2 (nine cats). ... 1989). Lipogenesis in liver and adipose tissue of the domestic cat (Felis domestica). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 93B, 561-564. ... 2006). The evolutionary basis for the feeding behavior of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) and cats (Felis catus). J. Nutr. 136 ...
Felis silvestris catus) has shared an intertwined existence with humans for thousands of years, living on our city streets and ... Whats inside your cats head? A review of cat (Felis silvestris catus) cognition research past, present and future. ... Cat Cognition Social cognition Human-cat communication Human-cat bond Domestication This is a preview of subscription content, ... Pisa PE, Agrillo C (2009) Quantity discrimination in felines: a preliminary investigation of the domestic cat (Felis silvestris ...
A lack of the peri-arterial venous network and few AVAs appear to make felines more prone to suffer from a cold condition than ... While, that of the domestic cat had less complex vascular pattern in the footpad without the peri-arterial venous network. AVAs ... The microvasculature of footpads in the dog and domestic cat was investigated using histology and scanning electron microscopy ... in a series of 16 limbs of 4 adult dogs and 12 limbs of 3 adult domestic cats. The network of blood vessels in the dog paw pad ...
A. felis is a heterothallic mold with a fully functioning reproductive cycle, as confirmed by mating-type analysis, induction ... Phenotypic analyses show that A. felis can be distinguished from the related species A. viridinutans by its ability to grow at ... Four other human isolates previously reported as A. viridinutans were identified as A. felis on comparative sequence analysis ... domestic cats with invasive fungal rhinosinusitis and a dog with disseminated invasive aspergillosis. Disease in all host ...
Cat (kat) n. Felis catus, from Old English catt, probably from Late Latin cattus, catta cat. This versital cat ring is for ... Cats Webring. Listed in:. Home , Animals , Mammals , Cats. Manager: Cat (kat) n. Felis catus, from Old English catt, probably ... The Meditative Cats Funny Cat Videos Preview - Go Silly flip videos of our cats Harmony spins a top and himself Pouncival gets ... The Literary Cat Preview - Go An online feline bookstore featuring cool and unusual books and calendars recommended by cat- ...
... was identified by using molecular biology techniques in the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis felis) from southwestern Spain. For ... Rickettsia felis, formerly ELB agent, was detected in 1990 when tissues from the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, were examined ... Origin, host range, lot composition, and polymerase chain reaction results of cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis felis), captured ... R. felis is maintained in cat fleas by transovarian transmission (2). Infection in humans has been described in the USA (3), ...
... felis infection in domestic and wild cats in other provinces should be investigated to determine parasite prevalence and ... We performed a molecular survey for Cytauxzoon felis infection in 311 domestic cats in Yunnan Province, China, in 2016 and ... Distinct C. felis genotypes of different virulences in domestic cats have been identified, and genetic diversity among C. felis ... In total, 67 (21.5%) of 311 examined domestic cats were positive for the C. felis protozoan. We sequenced these C. felis- ...
The objective of this study was to understand the effect of seasonality on: (i) microvasculature of cat testes; (ii) angiogenic ... This increase in testicular vascularisation might be related to higher seasonal sexual activity in cats, which is in agreement ... data suggest that testicular vascularisation in cats is increased in three photoperiod windows of time, November/December, ... Seasonal Changes in Testes Vascularisation in the Domestic Cat (Felis domesticus): Evaluation of Microvasculature, Angiogenic ...
A Mutation in LTBP2 Causes Congenital Glaucoma in Domestic Cats (Felis catus) ...
Pancreatic cancer - Felis catus (domestic cat) [ Pathway menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show description , Image (png) ...
I consent to receive Vetlexicon updates on Felis at the following email address:. ...
King J N, Tasker S, Gunn-Moore D A et al (2007) Prognostic Factors in Cats with Chronic Kidney Disease. J Vet Intern Med 21 (5 ... Lee Y J, Chan J P, Hsu W L et al (2012) Prognostic Factors and a Prognostic Index for Cats with Acute Kidney Injury. J Vet ... Miyamoto K (2001) Clinical application of plasma clearance of iohexol on feline patients. JFMS 3 (3), 143-147 PubMed. ... I consent to receive Vetlexicon updates on Felis at the following email address:. ...
Felis silvestris catus) has shared an intertwined existence with humans for thousands of years, living on our city streets and ... Whats inside your cats head? A review of cat (Felis silvestris catus) cognition research past, present and future. *Kristyn R ... Vitale Shreve, K.R., Udell, M.A.R. Whats inside your cats head? A review of cat (Felis silvestris catus) cognition research ... Pisa PE, Agrillo C (2009) Quantity discrimination in felines: a preliminary investigation of the domestic cat (Felis silvestris ...
... moxidectin and selamectin topical solutions against the KS1 flea strain infesting cats. In both studies the treatment groups ... 1-10 cats; 5 m/5 f: Study # 2-16 cats 8 m/8 f). Each group of cats was then randomly divided into two subgroups of 5 cats ( ... On day -7, cats in each study were infested with 100 cat fleas, C. felis, (KS1 strain) 1 to 5 days post emergence. On day -5, ... While cats were not allocated according to weight, the cats in the treatment groups were similar in size. In study #1 the cats ...
  • Autosomal Phosphogluconic Dehydrogenase Polymorphism in the Cat (Felis catus L. (sciencemag.org)
  • There has been much debate over evolutionary relationships of the domestic cat ( Felis silvestris catus ), the African wildcat ( F. s. lybica ), the Asian wildcat ( F. s. ornata ) and the European wildcat ( F. s. silvestris ). (digimorph.org)
  • Felis silvestris catus continues to play an important role in scientific research and teaching, from investigations of human hereditary and infectious diseases to undergraduate comparative anatomy courses. (digimorph.org)
  • Bone structure and the patterns of force transmission in the cat skull ( Felis catus ). (digimorph.org)
  • The primary structure of hemoglobins from the domestic cat (Felis catus, Felidae). (nih.gov)
  • The complete primary structure of the two hemoglobin components of the domestic cat (Felis catus) is presented. (nih.gov)
  • Royalty free: Domestic cat (Felis catus) Author: Stephan RechDate: 2010-10-12 Royalty Free photo versions - Maximum available size: 18 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • Feral cats ( Felis catus ) have spread throughout anthropogenic and insular environments of the world. (bioone.org)
  • Results from earlier studies on the domestic cat, Felis catus , have been ambiguous. (biologists.org)
  • The domestic cat ( Felis silvestris catus ) has shared an intertwined existence with humans for thousands of years, living on our city streets and in our homes. (springer.com)
  • The env open reading frames of African lion ( Panthera leo ) lentivirus (feline immunodeficiency virus [FIV Ple ]) subtypes B and E from geographically distinct regions of Africa suggest two distinct ancestries, with FIV Ple -E sharing a common ancestor with the domestic cat ( Felis catus ) lentivirus (FIV Fca) . (asm.org)
  • A biometrical study was conducted on some aspects of the reproductive system of 16 local breed Tom cats ( Felis catus domestica ) collected within Sokoto metropolis at different ages. (ajol.info)
  • The purpose of the present study was to determine the changes in selected hematology and serum biochemistry of Angora cats (Felis catus) during growth period. (banglajol.info)
  • Influence of oestrus synchronization on male reproductive success in the domestic cat (Felis catus L. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Retroviruses and sexual size dimorphism in domestic cats (Felis catus L. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Dispersal pattern of domestic cats (Felis catus) in a promiscuous urban population: do females disperse or die? (semanticscholar.org)
  • What determines testis size in the domestic cat ( Felis catus L. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A report that appears in the scientific journal Genome Research ( www.genome.org ) details the first assembly, annotation, and comparative analysis of the domestic cat genome (Felis catus). (cshlpress.org)
  • There is no better way to study of the anatomy of Felis catus, the domestic cat, then with this real cat skull. (gtsimulators.com)
  • Photography: Cat (Felis catus), kitten Author: Carola SchubbelDate: 2009-06-06 Maximum available size: 18.2 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • Felis Lybica interbred with Felis Sylvestris (European Wildcat) to become Felis catus. (hubpages.com)
  • Felis Catus is the common house cat that is so well-known today. (hubpages.com)
  • Parasite prevalence in free-ranging farm cats, Felis silvestris catus. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the Cryotech technique for the vitrification of domestic cat (Felis catus) oocytes, as a model for other feline species threatened with extinction. (edu.pl)
  • Felis catus Genome" by Gaik Tamazian, Serguei Simonov et al. (nova.edu)
  • The cat (Felis catus) is a domestic species of small carnivorous mammal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scientific name Felis catus was proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 for a domestic cat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Felis catus domesticus was proposed by Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ruled that the domestic cat is a distinct species, namely Felis catus. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2017, the IUCN Cat Classification Taskforce followed the recommendation of the ICZN in regarding the domestic cat as a distinct species, Felis catus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Felis catus (L. (columbia.edu)
  • Felis catus , the domestic cat, is one of the smaller members of the family Felidae, weighing only five to twenty pounds. (columbia.edu)
  • a domestic cat , a pet cat , Felis silvestris catus , as opposed to bigger and wild living Felidae . (wiktionary.org)
  • Felis silvestris catus on Wikispecies. (wiktionary.org)
  • The cat (or domestic cat, house cat ) (Felis catus) is a member of the Felidae family of the Carnivora order of the mammals . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Cats , also called domestic cats ( Felis catus ), are carnivorous (meat-eating) mammals , of the family Felidae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Species such as cats ( Felis catus ), rats ( Rattus rattus ), mongoose ( Herpestes auropunctatus ), and stoats ( Mustela erminea ) threaten biodiversity through predation ( 4 , 5 ), competition ( 6 ), disease transmission ( 7 ), and facilitation with other invasive species ( 8 ). (pnas.org)
  • Ctenocephalides felis is an ectoparasitic flea species commonly found on dogs and cats. (hindawi.com)
  • The dog and cat fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera), Ctenocephalides canis (Curtis), and Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché) are small, laterally flattened, wingless, and highly specialized insects. (hindawi.com)
  • The most common house or domestic flea is the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis , which is usually the common flea on cats, dogs, rats, and sometimes on people. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • informant report about fleas on cats, 2/2004, to G.McCormack, probably Ctenocephalides felis . (bishopmuseum.org)
  • Rickettsia felis , formerly called ELB agent, was identified by using molecular biology techniques in the cat flea ( Ctenocephalides felis felis ) from southwestern Spain. (cdc.gov)
  • Rickettsia felis , formerly ELB agent, was detected in 1990 when tissues from the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, were examined under electron microscopy. (cdc.gov)
  • Efficacy of imidacloprid + moxidectin and selamectin topical solutions against the KS1 Ctenocephalides felis flea strain infesting cats. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis , is an inefficient vector of the plague bacterium ( Yersinia pestis ) and is the predominant off-host flea species in human habitations in the West Nile region, an established plague focus in northwest Uganda. (ajtmh.org)
  • This paper describes two pivotal laboratory studies assessing the efficacy and speed of kill of lotilaner in cats against Ctenocephalides felis fleas following a single oral administration, at the minimum recommended dose rate of 6 mg/kg. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) from cats and dogs in New Zealand: Molecular characterisation, presence of Rickettsia felis and Bartonella clarridgeiae and comparison with Australia. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) is the most common flea species parasitising both domestic cats and dogs globally. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Molecular identity of cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) from cats in Georgia, USA carrying Bartonella clarridgeiae, Bartonella henselae and Rickettsia sp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • To investigate the possible occurrence of these mutations in the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouché), a 176-bp fragment of the cat flea Rdl gene, encompassing the mutation site, was PCR amplified and sequenced from nine laboratory flea strains. (nih.gov)
  • The present study evaluated the rickettsial infection in a laboratory colony of cat fleas , Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouche) in Brazil . (bvsalud.org)
  • An insight into the sialotranscriptome of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis. (cngb.org)
  • Feeding Behavior Modulates Biofilm-Mediated Transmission of Yersinia pestis by the Cat Flea, Ctenocephalides felis. (openaire.eu)
  • Background The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, is prevalent worldwide, will parasitize animal reservoirs of plague, and is associated with human habitations in known plague foci. (openaire.eu)
  • The objective of this study was to define the necessary conditions for the in vitro oocyte maturation from ovaries of domestic cats to explain the preliminary details of in vitro fertilization technique in Felidae. (vin.com)
  • It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and is often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from the wild members of the family. (wikipedia.org)
  • The domestic cat is a member of the Felidae, a family that had a common ancestor about 10-15 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Felis diverged from the Felidae around 6-7 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline , (family Felidae), any of 37 cat species that among others include the cheetah , puma , jaguar , leopard , lion , lynx , tiger , and domestic cat . (britannica.com)
  • Like all members of the Felidae family, cats are specialized for a life of hunting other animals. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Analyses of both molecular and morphological data support the inclusion of the domestic cat within the species F. silvestris . (digimorph.org)
  • Fleas can also be competent vectors for numerous pathogens, including zoonotic such as Rickettsia typhi (murine typhus), Bartonella henselae ("cat scratch disease" in humans), and Yersinia pestis (plague) and act as the intermediate host of the tapeworm species Dipylidium caninum [ 5 , 8 - 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In the late 1900s, C. felis protozoa were reported exclusively in North America, particularly in the mid-Atlantic states of the United States ( 3 ), but in the early 2000s, this pathogen was reported in some countries of South America, and in Europe, several other Cytauxzoon species were identified ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Our findings indicate that cat fleas in human habitations in the West Nile region feed primarily on domesticated species. (ajtmh.org)
  • On the basis of these data, a novel species of the genus Streptobacillus , Streptobacillus felis sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Albino phenotypes are documented in a variety of species including the domestic cat. (elsevier.com)
  • As albino phenotypes in other species are associated with tyrosinase (TYR) mutations, TYR was proposed as a candidate gene for albinism in cats. (elsevier.com)
  • Additionally, tissues from a single free-ranging black-footed cat had small amounts of amyloid deposition, suggesting that there could be a predilection for amyloidosis in this species. (umn.edu)
  • Research to identify the protein sequence of serum amyloid A (SAA) in the black-footed cat is needed to further investigate the possibility of an amyloidogenic SAA in this species. (umn.edu)
  • The black-footed cat is one of the smallest cat species, weighing about 2 kg (4 lb). (animalinfo.org)
  • Pallas cats are one of the countless species refuting evolution. (harunyahya.com)
  • The cat is similar in anatomy to the other felid species: it has a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp teeth and retractable claws adapted to killing small prey. (wikipedia.org)
  • A predator that is most active at dawn and dusk, the cat is a solitary hunter but a social species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Failure to control breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as abandonment of pets, resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, contributing to the extinction of entire bird, mammal, and reptile species, and evoking population control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results of phylogenetic research confirm that the wild Felis species evolved through sympatric or parapatric speciation, whereas the domestic cat evolved through artificial selection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The poison used diminishes prey species and also kills cats unintentionally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although some "cat-philic" organizations insist that cats have been mistakenly vilified as native-species killers, it is apparent they do much damage in the ecosystems to which they are introduced. (columbia.edu)
  • The flat-headed cat ( Prionailurus planiceps ) is the only species known to feed to any extent on vegetation such as fruit and sweet potatoes. (britannica.com)
  • Some of them, though, are so much larger than most domestic house cats that they have been mistaken for larger species like pumas. (wikibooks.org)
  • felis, is the species that most commonly occurs on dogs and cats in the United States. (ask.com)
  • Then the DNAs from gastroscopic biopsy and stool specimens were conducted a multiplex species-specific PCR to amplify urease B gene for H. heilmannii, H. pylori and H. felis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • By multiplex species-specific PCR with gastroscopic biopsy and stool specimens, no amplification products corresponding to either H. heilmannii or H. pylori were detected, but the specimens tested were positive for H. felis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Kim S, Cho S, Kim O. Detection and identification of secreting Helicobacter species from cats. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Invasive mammalian predators endanger a further 596 species at risk of extinction, with cats, rodents, dogs, and pigs threatening the most species overall. (pnas.org)
  • For example, predation by feral cats and red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) has led to the decline or extinction of two thirds of Australia's digging mammal species over the past 200 y ( 10 , 11 ). (pnas.org)
  • Adult fleas were obtained from a house cat in Chiang Mai province, Thailand. (hindawi.com)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the virulence of aerial conidia of B. bassiana produced under different colors of LED light to adult cat fleas. (hindawi.com)
  • Human infection with Rickettsia felis has been reported in most parts of the world, and R. felis has recently been confirmed in cat fleas in Western Australia. (mja.com.au)
  • R. felis is maintained in cat fleas by transovarian transmission ( 2 ) . (cdc.gov)
  • During a study concerning rickettsial organisms transmitted by ticks in southwest Spain, using molecular tools for diagnosis, a rickettsial microorganism was detected in some cat fleas on domestic cats and dogs from different counties of the Cadiz Province. (cdc.gov)
  • Localization of randomly selected sampling points in Cadiz Province for cat fleas with indication of the presence of Rickettsia felis by polymerase chain reaction procedures. (cdc.gov)
  • The fleas used in this study (60 females and 11 males) were collected, together with ticks, from 2 cats and 12 dogs from eight localities of Cadiz Province in southwestern Spain from May to August of 1999 ( Figure , Table ). (cdc.gov)
  • To determine if C. felis might serve as a Y. pestis bridging vector in the West Nile region, we collected on- and off-host fleas from human habitations and used a real-time polymerase chain reaction-based assay to estimate the proportion of off-host C. felis that had fed on humans and the proportion that had fed on potentially infectious rodents or shrews. (ajtmh.org)
  • 15 cats were infested with 100 unfed adult fleas 24 hours before administration of CAPSTAR. (vin.com)
  • The results demonstrate the value of nitenpyram in removing fleas extremely rapidly from cats, thus limiting exposure to flea feeding and allergens to a minimum. (vin.com)
  • In this study, cat fleas were collected in two countries where the occurrence of R. felis was either unknown (Malta) or where accurate prevalence data were lacking (Israel). (uzh.ch)
  • On the basis of three genetic markers, R. felis was identified in 39.5% (15/38) of the cat fleas from Malta. (uzh.ch)
  • Among the 91 cat fleas from Israel, two (2.2%) contained the DNA of Candidatus Rickettsia senegalensis. (uzh.ch)
  • In order to fulfil the need for a rapidly effective, orally administered ectoparasiticide with activity against ticks and fleas in cats and kittens, Elanco has designed a small, vanilla and yeast flavoured, chewable lotilaner tablet, for oral administration to cats (Credelio™, chewable tablets for cats). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The efficacy and safety of Credelio™ against fleas and ticks in cats were validated in a number of pilot (undisclosed data) and pivotal laboratory studies [ 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study compared cat fleas from domestic cats and dogs in New Zealand's North and South Islands to Australian cat fleas, using the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) marker, cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and II (cox1, cox2). (semanticscholar.org)
  • A survey of cats and dogs for fleas: with particular reference to their role as intermediate hosts of Dipylidium caninum. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Some believe that the killing of the cats during the Middle Ages helped a lot to spread the bubonic plague, which was carried by fleas which lived on the rats. (hubpages.com)
  • Like all fleas, the cat flea is compressed laterally allowing it to slip between the sometimes dense hairs of its host just above the top layer of the skin, resulting in an extremely thin insect that may be difficult to observe even if the host's coat is pure white. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Adult cat fleas do not willingly leave their hosts, and inter-animal transfer of adult fleas is rare except in animals that share sleeping quarters. (wikipedia.org)
  • A few fleas on adult dogs or cats cause little harm unless the host becomes allergic to substances in the flea's saliva. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cat fleas also may be responsible for disease transmission through humans, and have been suspected as transmission agents of plague . (wikipedia.org)
  • Cat fleas can transmit other parasites and infections to dogs and cats and also to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, cat fleas have been found to carry Borrelia burgdorferi , the etiologic agent of Lyme disease , but their ability to transmit the disease is unclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transmission efficiency of infected cat fleas. (openaire.eu)
  • New fleas develop from pupae and can begin feeding within hours of finding a dog or cat. (veterinarypartner.com)
  • If you own a dog or cat, you will have to control fleas. (ask.com)
  • Rickettsia felis, the causative agent of flea-borne spotted fever, occurs on all continents except Antarctica, owing to the cosmopolitan distribution of its cat flea vector. (uzh.ch)
  • PCR products, corresponding to the rickettsial gltA, htrA, ompA and ompB gene partial sequences were sequenced and showed to correspond to Rickettsia felis , indicating that the flea colony was 100 percent infected by R. felis . (bvsalud.org)
  • With the exception of one human serum , all R. felis -reactive sera were also reactive to Rickettsia rickettsii and/or Rickettsia parkeri antigens at similar titers to R. felis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a genetic relative of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. (cshlpress.org)
  • Antibody to feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was found in 53% of animals, which were less likely to be infected with Haemobartonella felis, and had higher FHV antibody titres than cats without FIV. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Feline infectious agents offer powerful natural models of deadly human diseases, which include feline immunodeficiency virus, feline sarcoma virus and feline leukemia virus. (nova.edu)
  • Yet, little scientific research has focused on the cognition of the domestic cat, especially in comparison with human's other companion, the domestic dog ( Canis lupus familiaris ). (springer.com)
  • 1986. Multivariate analysis of craniometric characters in European wild cat, domestic cat, and African wild cat (genus Felis ). (digimorph.org)
  • It is the least known member of the genus Felis , the common cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cats have anatomy similar to the other members of the genus Felis . (wikipedia.org)
  • A high prevalence of systemic amyloidosis was documented in the black-footed cat (Felis nigripes) based on a retrospective review of necropsy tissues (n = 38) submitted as part of ongoing disease surveillance. (umn.edu)
  • It is nevertheless very rare to find references on the vasculature of cat testes ( Felis domesticus ). (hindawi.com)
  • The cat flea belongs to the insect order Siphonaptera (Ancient Greek siphono- "tube" or "siphon" + a "not" + ptera "wing", the tube-drinking wingless insects) which in its adult stage is an obligatory hematophage . (wikipedia.org)
  • It provides a pathway for clinicians through this complex field by highlighting the most clinically relevant aspects of a wide range of diseases, and granting them consideration for placement on dog and cat differential lists. (routledge.com)
  • Three patterns of 6-phosphogluconic dehydrogenase activity were obtained by starch-gel electrophoresis of blood from domestic cats. (sciencemag.org)
  • Domestic cats (including feral populations) are now cosmopolitan in distribution. (digimorph.org)
  • There is much variation in skull size and shape, and some workers have been able to differentiate African wildcats, European wildcats, and domestic cats via morphometric analysis. (digimorph.org)
  • We report feeding studies on adult domestic cats designed to disentangle the complex interactions among dietary protein, fat and carbohydrate in the control of intake. (biologists.org)
  • Most domestic cats are fed commercial pet foods by their owners. (biologists.org)
  • Bernstein PL (2014) Social behavior of domestic cats in the human home. (springer.com)
  • A discount poster store featuring beautiful photographs, paintings, drawings and cartoons of domestic cats, kittens, tigers, lions and felines big and small. (webring.org)
  • Cytauxzoonosis is a tickborne hemoprotozoal disease of both domestic cats and wild felids caused mainly by Cytauxzoon felis protozoa ( 1 , 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Cytauxzoonosis of domestic cats has long been considered contagious and deadly ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The number of pet cats around the world is increasing, but the information about the prevalence of C. felis infection in domestic cats is limited worldwide. (cdc.gov)
  • The objective of this study was to examine whether C. felis infection is present in domestic cats in China. (cdc.gov)
  • During November-December 2016, we collected whole blood from the femoral vein of 311 domestic cats (74 stray cats and 237 pet cats) in Yunnan Province in southwestern China using EDTA tubes. (cdc.gov)
  • We analyzed differences in C. felis prevalence in domestic cats according to lifestyle, region, sex, and age using the χ 2 test in SPSS 22.0 standard version for Windows (IBM Corporation, https://www.ibm.com ). (cdc.gov)
  • In total, 67 (21.5%) of 311 examined domestic cats were positive for the C. felis protozoan. (cdc.gov)
  • The prevalence of C. felis protozoa in domestic cats in Yunnan Province was 21.5% ( Table ), lower than the prevalence in domestic cats in the United States (30.3%, 27/89) ( 7 ) but higher than that in Brazil (0.66%, 1/151) ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • However, no significant difference in C. felis prevalence was found among domestic cats of different sexes or age groups. (cdc.gov)
  • Distinct C. felis genotypes of different virulences in domestic cats have been identified, and genetic diversity among C. felis populations has been studied by comparisons of 18S rRNA, ITS-1, and ITS-2 sequences ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The genome sequence analysis is certainly expected to lead to health benefits for domestic cats, 90 million of which are owned by Americans alone, according to The Humane Society. (cshlpress.org)
  • Domestic cats possess over 250 naturally occurring hereditary disorders, many of which are similar to genetic pathologies in humans. (cshlpress.org)
  • Domestic cats enjoy an extensive veterinary medical surveillance which has described nearly 250 genetic diseases analogous to human disorders. (nova.edu)
  • Domestic cats are valued by humans for companionship and their ability to hunt rodents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Female domestic cats can have kittens from spring to late autumn, with litter sizes often ranging from two to five kittens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domestic cats are bred and shown at events as registered pedigreed cats, a hobby known as cat fancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domestic cats play pivotal roles in transmitting Toxoplasma gondii: This parasite reproduces sexually only in felid intestines, after which its oocysts are shed in feces for several weeks. (unomaha.edu)
  • Though acute infection in fetal or immunocompromised cats can be lethal, from 18-80% of domestic cats are T. gondii-seropositive and have a chronic, naturally occurring, asymptomatic infection. (unomaha.edu)
  • We propose that chronic T. gondii infection in domestic cats similarly alters their behavior, specifically to increase its own spread. (unomaha.edu)
  • We hypothesize that chronic T. gondii infection in domestic cats decreases their risk-averse behavior and leads to increased locomotor activity and exploration. (unomaha.edu)
  • Domestic cats are considered to be descended from the wild cat Felis silvestris, which is found naturally over much of Europe, Asia, and Africa , and which is one of the smaller members of the cat family. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • This page is about domestic cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domestic cats are found in shorthair, longhair, and hairless breeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the past, most notably in Egypt, people kept domestic cats because they hunted and ate mice, rats, and insects. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also domestic cats which live without being cared for by people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans have had a relationship with cats for thousands of years as cats became domesticated for help in pest control, hunting, and companionship. (digimorph.org)
  • From 15 humans that used to work with the flea colony in the laboratory , 6 (40.0 percent) reacted positively to R. felis by IFA. (bvsalud.org)
  • Transmits: Aids in spreading Dipylidium caninum, a tapeworm commonly found in dogs and cats, but occasionally found in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Cats are also assisted by their association with humans. (columbia.edu)
  • The domesticated cat has been associated with humans for at least 9,500 years, and it is one of humankind's most popular pet animals. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The senses of smell , hearing , and vision of cats are superior to those of humans. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Also known as the cat family, felines are carnivorous mammal s posessing generous night vision , retractible claws and lithe, furry bodies. (everything2.com)
  • During a typical night's hunting, a black-footed cat kills and eats a bird or a mammal about every 50 minutes on average, killing 10 - 14 birds and mammals a night. (animalinfo.org)
  • Cats are sometimes called 'hypercarnivores' because they need a much higher proportion of protein in the diet than almost any other mammal. (animalinfo.org)
  • A rich veterinary literature of feline disease pathogenesis and the demonstration of a highly conserved ancestral mammal genome organization make the cat genome annotation a highly informative resource that facilitates multifaceted research endeavors. (nova.edu)
  • C. felis infection in domestic and wild cats in other provinces should be investigated to determine parasite prevalence and genetic diversity among cats throughout China. (cdc.gov)
  • Clinical abnormality had a significant association with FIV and feline calicivirus infections, but sex, age, social status and feeding group had no significant association with prevalence of any parasites. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Chlamydophila felis is an intracellular bacterial pathogen that infects cats worldwide. (credodxbiomed.com)
  • Detection of Chlamydophila felis by PCR techniques is preferred over other methods for its sensitivity and reliability. (credodxbiomed.com)
  • QubeMDx provides diagnostic solution for clinicians to detect Feline Chlamydophila at the point-of-care, leveraging the power of diagnosis in infectious disease management and prevention. (credodxbiomed.com)
  • Tetracyclines can treat Feline Chlamydophila effectively. (credodxbiomed.com)
  • Chlamydophila felis Everett et al. (atcc.org)
  • AJ012171 Chlamydophila felis partial rnpB gene for RNase P RNA subunit. (atcc.org)
  • AF269257 Chlamydophila felis FP Baker major outer membrane protein (ompA) gene, complete cds. (atcc.org)
  • [2] Their origin is probably the African Wildcat Felis silvestris lybica . (wikipedia.org)
  • Cats more than likely are descendants of an African wildcat named Felis Lybica, which was a desert cat that once lived in Africa and Arabia. (hubpages.com)
  • The domestic cat is a close relative of both Felis silvestris , the European wild cat, and Felis lybica , the African wild cat. (columbia.edu)
  • The prevailing opinion is that the cat was domesticated in Egypt from local populations of its wild ancestor, F.lybica , in a domestication process that began around 6,000 BC. (columbia.edu)
  • Cats still have the effective predatory tools -- such as excellent eyesight and hearing, sharp claws and teeth, strength, agility -- that made its progenitor, F. lybica , so successful in the wild. (columbia.edu)
  • All specimens subjected to analysis were C. felis felis (Bouché, 1835). (cdc.gov)
  • No animals tested were positive for feline leukemia virus antigen and Chlamydia psittaci antibodies, but all were positive for antibodies to feline calicivirus (FCV), feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV1) and rotavirus. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Feline Calicivirus Strain F9 bound to a soluble ectodomain fragment of feline junctional adhesion molecule A - leading to assembly of a portal structure at a unique three-fold axis. (rcsb.org)
  • Here we present near-atomic-resolution cryo-electron microscopy structures for feline calicivirus both undecorated and labelled with a soluble fragment of its cellular receptor, feline junctional adhesion molecule A. We show that VP2, a minor capsid protein encoded by all caliciviruses 1,2 , forms a large portal-like assembly at a unique three-fold axis of symmetry, following receptor engagement. (rcsb.org)
  • Feline calicivirus. (routledge.com)
  • Here we report a preliminary annotation of the whole genome sequence of Cinnamon, a domestic cat living in Columbia (MO, USA), bisulfite sequencing of Boris, a male cat from St. Petersburg (Russia), and light 30× sequencing of Sylvester, a European wildcat progenitor of cat domestication. (nova.edu)
  • The assembly and its annotation offer an important resource for connecting the rich veterinary and natural history of cats to genome discovery. (nova.edu)
  • The scientific name Felis bieti was proposed by Alphonse Milne-Edwards in 1892 who described the Chinese mountain cat based on a skin collected in Sichuan Province. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using the cat genome sequence data, the researchers identified several hundred thousand genomic variants (known as SNPs, DIPs, and STRs), which can be used to determine the genetic basis for common hereditary diseases. (cshlpress.org)
  • Establish the genetic profiles of cats from 12 neighboring municipalities in southwestern Colombia, in a town course from Pereira-Popayán. (unicordoba.edu.co)
  • 2. Ruiz-García M, Álvarez D. A biogeographical population genetics perspective of the colonization of cats in Latin America and temporal genetic changes in Brazilian cat populations. (unicordoba.edu.co)
  • The experimental results indicate that these aerial conidia of B. bassiana have promising potential for use in control of C. felis adult stages. (hindawi.com)
  • Life Cycle The cat flea life cycle has four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • Due to clinical concerns of hypothyroidism in a bachelor group of adult male Pallas' cats ( Otocolobus ( Felis ) manul ) which also had deslorelin implants, serum samples from treated captive ( n = 8) individuals, untreated captive ( n = 25), and free-ranging ( n = 9) individuals were analyzed for thyroid hormone concentrations. (bioone.org)
  • No ultrastructural differences were seen in oocytes of adult and young cats. (vin.com)
  • 1. Young cats presented a greater number of oocytes than adult cats. (vin.com)
  • 3. The morphologic characteristics of the ovaries and ovarian follicles of young and adult cats were similar, just differing in the different stages of oogenesis. (vin.com)
  • Monocyte level was found higher, and ALP, LDH, CK activities and Pi levels were lower in adult cats as compared to the kittens. (banglajol.info)
  • Concentrations of total cholesterol and Mg were higher in kitten (1.5-3 months old) than in adult cats. (banglajol.info)
  • Study 1 evaluated the efficacy of lotilaner tablets for cats against adult C. felis in experimentally infested cats, 24 h after treatment and after new weekly infestations, until day 35. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lotilaner administered orally to cats at the minimum recommended dose rate of 6 mg/kg was effective as early as 8 hours post-administration and at 8 hours after subsequent weekly infestations of adult C. felis for at least one month. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For a domestic cat to remain healthy, its diet must contain 12 % protein (by weight) for adult cats and 18 % for kittens. (animalinfo.org)
  • However, since an adult cat is quite a bit heavier than a kitten, a pet cat should never be carried by the scruff, but should instead have their weight supported at the rump and hind legs, and also at the chest and front paws. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The Egyptians fully domesticated cats by circa 4000 BCE, and thus it is thought that the domestic cat is derived from populations of African wildcats. (digimorph.org)
  • Relatively high survival coupled with high reproductive output allows individual cats to affect native wildlife for many years and cat populations to rebound quickly after control efforts. (bioone.org)
  • These findings can be explained on the basis of the processes of human displacement for this region, due to the fact that the establishment of feline populations in these municipalities originated during the same historical period. (unicordoba.edu.co)
  • 1. Shostell JM, Staudinger J, Ruiz-Garcia M. Mutant allele frequencies in domestic cat populations in Arkansas and Tennessee. (unicordoba.edu.co)
  • In addition, other pet cats are released purposely by owners or become lost from home and begin breeding with other cats to form feral populations in the area. (columbia.edu)
  • In order to get rid of the African wildcat, the farmers set out steel-jaw traps and poisoned bait, which could also harm the black-footed cat. (animalinfo.org)
  • Some authorities consider the chutuchta and vellerosa subspecies of the wildcat as Chinese mountain cat subspecies. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is thought that the original ancestor of the domestic cat is the African subspecies, Felis silvestris lybca (Nowak 1983). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Report on the history of the arrival of the feral cat population in Western Australia. (digimorph.org)
  • Knowledge of feral cat population dynamics is necessary to understand their ecological effects and to develop effective control strategies. (bioone.org)
  • Molecular identification of tick-borne pathogen infection in cats from Africa is scarce. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Taxonomy is currently under review by the IUCN SSC Cat Specialist Group (2014). (iucnredlist.org)
  • We constructed the age distribution and estimated survival of feral cats in a remote area of Hawai'i Island using cementum lines present in lower canine teeth. (bioone.org)
  • Amyloid in all sites stained with Congo red, and in 13 of 15 (87%) cats, deposits had strong immunoreactivity for canine AA protein by immunohistochemistry. (umn.edu)
  • However, are vegetarian canine and feline diets nutritious and safe? (mdpi.com)
  • Parvoviruses: canine parvovirus and feline panleukopenia virus. (routledge.com)
  • Infectious diseases of the Dog and Cat Ed Greene C E. Philadelphia: W B Saunders. (vetstream.com)
  • The domestic cat also serves as an excellent model for human infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS. (cshlpress.org)
  • This concise reference guide will be an invaluable tool for clinicians as they develop their understanding of, and ability to communicate about, infectious diseases of the dog and cat. (routledge.com)
  • The Chinese mountain cat (Felis bieti), also known as Chinese desert cat and Chinese steppe cat, is a small wild cat endemic to western China that has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 2002, as the effective population size may be fewer than 10,000 mature breeding individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • He named it Felis Bieti after the French missionary Félix Biet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Felis bieti is listed on CITES Appendix II. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Chinese Mountain cat ( Felis bieti ), also known as the Chinese Desert cat , is a small wild cat of western China . (wikipedia.org)
  • We sequenced amplicons in both directions and compared these sequences with those of other relevant C. felis isolates available in GenBank. (cdc.gov)
  • These sequences had 95.6%-100% similarity with corresponding C. felis ITS-2 sequences available in GenBank. (cdc.gov)
  • Comments: Despite the name "cat flea", this flea is the most common flea found on pets (including dogs) and other domestic animals in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • The values reported for the untreated captive and free-ranging group, while representing a small sample size, can serve as a baseline assessment when evaluating the thyroid status of captive Pallas' cats. (bioone.org)
  • The pallas cat is a member of the cat family, about the size of a domestic cat. (harunyahya.com)
  • The features seen in a 73-million-year pallas cat skull show that the pallas cats living today have remained unchanged for millions of years. (harunyahya.com)
  • Burnat K, Vandenbussche E, Żernicki B (2002) Global motion detection is impaired in cats deprived early of pattern vision. (springer.com)
  • The clinical presentations of R. typhi and R. felis are similar, and in the past, the incidence of R. felis infection may have been underestimated. (mja.com.au)
  • About 3 weeks before the onset of the illness, the family had acquired a pair of kittens (Cat 1 and Cat 2) from a farm in Lara, a rural suburb in Victoria, and had given Cat 2 to a neighbour. (mja.com.au)
  • The problem of stray and feral cats producing too many kittens. (webring.org)
  • A total of 32 Angora cats (16 adults and 16 kittens) were used in this study. (banglajol.info)
  • The particularly loose skin at the back of the neck is known as the 'scruff' and is the area by which a mother cat grips her kittens to carry them. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The current study verified the in vitro virulence of conidia of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana produced under different color LED light (red, blue, purple, green, yellow, and white) to adults of C. felis . (hindawi.com)
  • The female cat flea requires a fresh blood meal to reproduce, and both adults live on continuously on their host. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • In the United Kingdom, 26% of adults have a cat with an estimated population of 10.9 million pet cats as of 2020[update]. (wikipedia.org)
  • The immunofluorescence assay (IFA) showed the presence of R. felis -reactive antibodies in blood sera of 7 (87.5 percent) out of 8 cats that were regularly used to feed the flea colony. (bvsalud.org)
  • Sequence analysis of genomic DNA from wild-type and albino cats identified a cytosine deletion in TYR at position 975 in exon 2, which causes a frame shift resulting in a premature stop codon nine residues downstream from the mutation. (elsevier.com)
  • Li (2005) reports that due to a mutation in an early cat ancestor, one of two genes necessary to taste sweetness has been lost by the cat family (Li 2005). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Cats cannot taste sweet foods (with sugar ) because of a mutation (change) in their ancestors which removed the ability to taste sweet things. (wikipedia.org)
  • The single human serum that was reactive solely to R. felis had an endpoint titer of 256, indicating that this person was infected by R. felis . (bvsalud.org)
  • To make sense of Cinnamon's raw sequence data, a multi-center collaboration of scientists leveraged information from previously sequenced mammalian genomes as well as previous gene-mapping studies in the cat. (cshlpress.org)
  • In doing so, they found that Cinnamon's sequences spanned about 65% of the euchromatic (gene-containing) regions of the feline genome. (cshlpress.org)
  • Genomic DNAs from gastroscopic biopsy and stool specimens of the cat were extracted and submitted to the consensus PCR to amplify Helicobacter rpo B gene. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bradshaw JWS, Hall SL (1999) Affiliative behaviour of related and unrelated pairs of cats in catteries: a preliminary report. (springer.com)
  • Remove larvae by vacuuming floors and carpets regularly, and by cleaning or replacing the bedding material of dogs and cats. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • Araujo JA, Faubert ML, Brooks ML et al (2012) NOVIFIT (R) (NoviSAMe (R) tablets improve executive function in aged dogs and cats: implications for treatment of cognitive dysfunction syndrome. (springer.com)
  • The hosts were domestic and peridomesticated dogs and cats living in a range of health-care conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • However, are vegetarian diets for cats and dogs nutritionally balanced and healthy? (mdpi.com)
  • This article comprehensively reviews the evidence published to date from four studies that have examined the nutritional adequacy of vegetarian diets for cats and dogs. (mdpi.com)
  • Both cats and dogs may thrive on vegetarian diets, but these must be nutritionally complete and reasonably balanced. (mdpi.com)
  • Additional reviewed studies examined the nutritional soundness of commercial meat-based diets and the health status of cats and dogs maintained on vegetarian and meat-based diets. (mdpi.com)
  • However, a significant and growing body of population studies and case reports have indicated that cats and dogs maintained on vegetarian diets may be healthy-including those exercising at the highest levels-and, indeed, may experience a range of health benefits. (mdpi.com)
  • Get the ultimate guide to flea prevention for dogs and cats. (ask.com)
  • Geyer C, Colbatzky F, Lechner J, Hermanns W. Occurrence of spiral-shaped bacteria in gastric biopsies of dogs and cats. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cats, like dogs, are digitigrades: They walk directly on their toes, the bones of their feet making up the lower part of the visible leg. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • This special feature, on the inside of the wrists , is the carpal pad, also found on other cats and on dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • While dogs have great stamina and will chase prey over long distances, cats are extremely fast, but only over short distances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cats, rodents, dogs, and pigs have the most pervasive impacts, and endemic island faunas are most vulnerable to invasive predators. (pnas.org)
  • 2001. Craniometric differentiation within wild-living cats in Scotland using 3D morphometrics. (digimorph.org)
  • 2. Many cats were killed in Europe during the Spanish Inquisition, which led to an exploding population in rats, which made the effects of the black death much more severe. (hubpages.com)