The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.
A family of large terrestrial carnivores possessing long legs, coarse guard hairs and a busy tail. It is comprised of hyenas and aardwolves.
An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of big felines including LIONS; TIGERS; jaguars; and the leopard.
A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising one species, Puma concolor. It is a large, long-tailed, feline of uniform color. The names puma, cougar, and mountain lion are used interchangeably for this species. There are more than 20 subspecies.
A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising felines with long legs, ear tufts, and a short tail.
Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of small felines including the domestic cat, Felis catus (CATS) and its ancestor the wild cat, Felis silvestris.
A genus of long-legged, swift-moving felines (FELIDAE) from Africa (and formerly Asia) about the size of a small leopard.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans and in some other male-heterogametic species in which the homologue of the X chromosome has been retained.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.
Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Large, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the cat family FELIDAE, species Panthera leo. They are found in Africa and southern Asia.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.
The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Portraying in a critical or facetious way a real individual or group, or a figure representing a social, political, ethnic, or racial type. The effect is usually achieved through distortion or exaggeration of characteristics. (Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
A plant species of the family VACCINIUM known for the sour fruit which is sometimes used for urinary tract infections.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Inorganic compounds that contain magnesium as an integral part of the molecule.
Food that has been prepared and stored in a way to prevent spoilage.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
An autosomal dominant disorder with an acronym of its seven features (LENTIGO; ELECTROCARDIOGRAM abnormalities; ocular HYPERTELORISM; PULMONARY STENOSIS; abnormal genitalia; retardation of growth; and DEAFNESS or SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS). This syndrome is caused by mutations of PTPN11 gene encoding the non-receptor PROTEIN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE, type 11, and is an allelic to NOONAN SYNDROME. Features of LEOPARD syndrome overlap with those of NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 which is caused by mutations in the NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 GENES.
An order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines from among their teeth, and comprising the ARMADILLOS, the SLOTHS, and the anteaters. The order is distinguished from all others by what are known as xenarthrous vertebrae (xenos, strange; arthron, joint): there are secondary, and sometimes even more, articulations between the vertebrae of the lumbar series. The order was formerly called Edentata. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, vol. I, p515)
Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.
The outer part of the hearing system of the body. It includes the shell-like EAR AURICLE which collects sound, and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL, the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE, and the EXTERNAL EAR CARTILAGES.
The narrow passage way that conducts the sound collected by the EAR AURICLE to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.

Phylogenetic assessment of introns and SINEs within the Y chromosome using the cat family felidae as a species tree. (1/84)

The cat family Felidae was used as a species tree to assess the phylogenetic performance of genes, and their embedded SINE elements, within the nonrecombining region of the Y chromosome (NRY). Genomic segments from single-copy X-Y homologs SMCY, UBE1Y, and ZFY (3,604 bp) were amplified in 36 species of cat. These genes are located within the X-degenerate region of the NRY and are thought to be molecular "fossils" that ceased conventional recombination with the X chromosome early within the placental mammal evolution. The pattern and tempo of evolution at these three genes is significant in light of the recent, rapid evolution of the family over approximately 12 Myr and provides exceptional support for each of the eight recognized felid lineages, as well as clear diagnostic substitutions identifying nearly all species. Bootstrap support and Bayesian posterior probabilities are uniformly high for defining each of the eight monophyletic lineages. Further, the preferential use of specific target-site motifs facilitating SINE insertion is empirically supported by sequence analyses of SINEs embedded within the three genes. Target-site insertion is thought to explain the contradiction between intron phylogeny and results of the SMCY SINE phylogeny that unites distantly related species. Overall, our data suggest X-degenerate genes within the NRY are singularly powerful markers and offer a valuable patrilineal perspective in species evolution.  (+info)

Characterization of sucrose-negative Pasteurella multocida variants, including isolates from large-cat bite wounds. (2/84)

To validate the identification of Pasteurella multocida-like bacteria negative for acid formation from sucrose, including isolates from bite wounds caused by large cats, 17 strains were phenotypically and genotypically characterized. Phylogenetic analysis of partially sequenced rpoB and infB genes showed the monophyly of the strains characterized and the reference strains of P. multocida. The sucrose-negative strains formed two groups, one related to reference strains of P. multocida and the other related to a separate species-like group (taxon 45 of Bisgaard). DNA-DNA hybridization further documented the species-like nature of this group. Ribotyping showed the heterogeneity of all strains except four strains that shared the same ribotype and that were isolated from bovine lungs. Phylogenetic analysis by 16S rRNA sequence comparison showed the monophyly of the strains characterized and the reference strains of P. multocida. Two strains isolated from leopard bite wounds were related to the type strain of P. dagmatis; however, they represented a new taxon (taxon 46 of Bisgaard), in accordance with their distinct phenotypic and genotypic identifications. The present study documents that sucrose-negative strains of P. multocida-like bacteria belong to two genotypically distinct groups. The study further confirms the phenotypic heterogeneity of P. multocida strains and documents two new species-like taxa of Pasteurella related to P. multocida. Until diagnostic tools have been further elaborated, special care should be taken in the identification of Pasteurella-like bacteria isolated from bite wounds caused by large cats. The evidence of phenotypic and genotypic divergence calls for the further development of PCR tests and DNA sequencing to document doubtful isolates.  (+info)

Cementum on Smilodon sabers. (3/84)

The maxillary canines of Smilodon californicus Bovard, 1907 have a deeply curved cementoenamel junction. The gingiva of modern cats is attached to the tooth at the cementoenamel junction and provides tactile and other dental information to the animal. The presence of cementum at the cervix of the maxillary canines, also called sabers, would indicate that the gingiva in Smilodon was attached in this region. Such an attachment would be advantageous, providing stability and sensory input for the large tooth. Also, gingiva at the cervix would impact the manner in which the teeth were used. Previous study using scanning electron microscopy of dental casts was indirect. The purpose of this study was to confirm by direct methods the presence of cementum at the cervix of Smilodon californicus sabers. Parts of three Smilodon californicus sabers were sectioned and examined with light and scanning electron microscopy (EDS). In addition, percent weight of calcium and phosphorus was measured in enamel, dentin, and cementum using electron dispersive spectroscopy. Cementum was identified in the cervical region of each saber. Spectroscopy confirmed that the tissue is calcified and the mineral is hydroxyapatite. Percent calcium and percent phosphorus of individual tissues were highly variable between specimens. However, the ratios of calcium to phosphorus were not significantly different from the hydroxyapatite standard. In the future, bite models will have to take the presence of soft tissues into account.  (+info)

Seroprevalence and genomic divergence of circulating strains of feline immunodeficiency virus among Felidae and Hyaenidae species. (4/84)

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infects numerous wild and domestic feline species and is closely related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Species-specific strains of FIV have been described for domestic cat (Felis catus), puma (Puma concolor), lion (Panthera leo), leopard (Panthera pardus), and Pallas' cat (Otocolobus manul). Here, we employ a three-antigen Western blot screening (domestic cat, puma, and lion FIV antigens) and PCR analysis to survey worldwide prevalence, distribution, and genomic differentiation of FIV based on 3,055 specimens from 35 Felidae and 3 Hyaenidae species. Although FIV infects a wide variety of host species, it is confirmed to be endemic in free-ranging populations of nine Felidae and one Hyaenidae species. These include the large African carnivores (lion, leopard, cheetah, and spotted hyena), where FIV is widely distributed in multiple populations; most of the South American felids (puma, jaguar, ocelot, margay, Geoffroy's cat, and tigrina), which maintain a lower FIV-positive level throughout their range; and two Asian species, the Pallas' cat, which has a species-specific strain of FIV, and the leopard cat, which has a domestic cat FIV strain in one population. Phylogenetic analysis of FIV proviral sequence demonstrates that most species for which FIV is endemic harbor monophyletic, genetically distinct species-specific FIV strains, suggesting that FIV transfer between cat species has occurred in the past but is quite infrequent today.  (+info)

The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment. (5/84)

Modern felid species descend from relatively recent (<11 million years ago) divergence and speciation events that produced successful predatory carnivores worldwide but that have confounded taxonomic classifications. A highly resolved molecular phylogeny with divergence dates for all living cat species, derived from autosomal, X-linked, Y-linked, and mitochondrial gene segments (22,789 base pairs) and 16 fossil calibrations define eight principal lineages produced through at least 10 intercontinental migrations facilitated by sea-level fluctuations. A ghost lineage analysis indicates that available felid fossils underestimate (i.e., unrepresented basal branch length) first occurrence by an average of 76%, revealing a low representation of felid lineages in paleontological remains. The phylogenetic performance of distinct gene classes showed that Y-chromosome segments are appreciably more informative than mitochondrial DNA, X-linked, or autosomal genes in resolving the rapid Felidae species radiation.  (+info)

Transitional cell carcinoma in fishing cats (Prionailurus viverrinus): pathology and expression of cyclooxygenase-1, -2, and p53. (6/84)

A high prevalence of urinary bladder transitional-cell carcinoma (TCC) has been noted in captive fishing cats (Prionailurus viverrinus). Of the 91 adult deaths between 1995 and 2004, 12 (13%) were attributed to TCC. To help elucidate mechanisms of carcinogenesis, archival sections of urinary bladder from 14 fishing cats were examined histologically and immunohistochemically for p53, cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, and COX-2 expression. Ten cats had TCC, and 4 were unaffected. The average age at death was 10.8 years in affected individuals and 10.5 years in unaffected individuals. There was no sex predilection. Fishing cat TCCs were characterized histologically as papillary and infiltrating (n = 6), nonpapillary and infiltrating (n = 3), or carcinoma in situ (n = 1). Glandular and squamous metaplasia, necrosis, and lymphatic invasion were prominent histologic features. Two individuals had documented metastasis. p53 nuclear immunolabeling was detected in 4/10 (40%) TCCs. In two cases, immunolabeling was limited to less than 10% of the neoplastic cellular population and was comparable to staining of normal fishing cat bladder. Therefore, p53 gene mutation did not appear to be an essential component of TCC carcinogenesis in examined fishing cats. COX-1 immunohistochemistry was negative in all cases. All TCCs had some degree of COX-2 cytoplasmic immunolabeling, which was exclusively within the invasive portions of the neoplasms. Papillary portions were uniformly negative. COX-2 overexpression was a prominent feature in the majority of the examined fishing cat TCCs, suggesting that COX-2-mediated mechanisms of carcinogenesis are important in this species and that COX-inhibiting drugs may be of therapeutic benefit.  (+info)

Molecular evidence for species-level distinctions in clouded leopards. (7/84)

Among the 37 living species of Felidae, the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is generally classified as a monotypic genus basal to the Panthera lineage of great cats. This secretive, mid-sized (16-23 kg) carnivore, now severely endangered, is traditionally subdivided into four southeast Asian subspecies (Figure 1A). We used molecular genetic methods to re-evaluate subspecies partitions and to quantify patterns of population genetic variation among 109 clouded leopards of known geographic origin (Figure 1A, Tables S1 ans S2 in the Supplemental Data available online). We found strong phylogeographic monophyly and large genetic distances between N. n. nebulosa (mainland) and N. n. diardi (Borneo; n = 3 individuals) with mtDNA (771 bp), nuclear DNA (3100 bp), and 51 microsatellite loci. Thirty-six fixed mitochondrial and nuclear nucleotide differences and 20 microsatellite loci with nonoverlapping allele-size ranges distinguished N. n. nebulosa from N. n. diardi. Along with fixed subspecies-specific chromosomal differences, this degree of differentiation is equivalent to, or greater than, comparable measures among five recognized Panthera species (lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar, and snow leopard). These distinctions increase the urgency of clouded leopard conservation efforts, and if affirmed by morphological analysis and wider sampling of N. n. diardi in Borneo and Sumatra, would support reclassification of N. n. diardi as a new species (Neofelis diardi).  (+info)

Geographical variation in the clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, reveals two species. (8/84)

The clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, is an endangered semiarboreal felid with a wide distribution in tropical forests of southern and southeast Asia, including the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in the Indonesian archipelago. In common with many larger animal species, it displays morphological variation within its wide geographical range and is currently regarded as comprising of up to four subspecies. It is widely recognized that taxonomic designation has a major impact on conservation planning and action. Given that the last taxonomic revision was made over 50 years ago, a more detailed examination of geographical variation is needed. We describe here the results of a morphometric analysis of the pelages of 57 clouded leopards sampled throughout the species' range. We conclude that there are two distinct morphological groups, which differ primarily in the size of their cloud markings. These results are supported by a recent genetic analysis. On that basis, we give diagnoses for the distinction of two species, one in mainland Asia (N. nebulosa) and the other in Indonesia (N. diardi). The implications for conservation that arise from this new taxonomic arrangement are discussed.  (+info)

Anonymous. 1996. The mystery of the Formosan clouded leopard. Cat News 24: 16.. Austin, S.C. and Tewes, M.E. 1999. Ecology of the clouded leopard in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Cat News/IUCN SSC 31.. Austin, S.C., Tewes, M.E., Grassman Jr., L.I. and Silvy, N.J. 2007. Ecology and conservation of the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis and clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Acta Zoologica Sinica 53: 1-14.. Buckley-Beason, V. 2004. Reclassification and genetic variation of the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa. Biosciences, Hood College.. Buckley-Beason, V.A., Johnson, W.E., Nash, W.G., Stanyon, R., Menninger, J.C., Driscoll, C.A., Howard, J., Bush, M., Page, J. E., Roelke, M. E., Stone, G., Martelli, P. P., Wen, C., Ling, L., Duraisingam, R.K., Lam, P.V. and OBrien, S.J. 2006. Molecular Evidence for Species-Level Distinctions in Clouded Leopards. Current Biology 16: 2371-2376.. Eizirik, E., Johnson, W.E. and OBrien, S.J. Submitted. Molecular systematics ...
Habitat fragmentation can promote patches of small and isolated populations, gene flow disruption between those populations, and reduction of local and total genetic variation. As a consequence, these small populations may go extinct in the long-term. The ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), originally distributed from Texas to southern Brazil and northern Argentina, has been impacted by habitat fragmentation throughout much of its range. To test whether habitat fragmentation has already induced genetic differentiation in an area where this process has been documented for a larger felid (jaguars), we analyzed molecular variation in ocelots inhabiting two Atlantic Forest fragments, Morro do Diabo (MD) and Iguaçu Region (IR). Analyses using nine microsatellites revealed mean observed and expected heterozygosity of 0.68 and 0.70, respectively. The MD sampled population showed evidence of a genetic bottleneck under two mutational models (TPM = 0.03711 and SMM = 0.04883). Estimates of genetic structure (FST = 0
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Literature cited. Anderson, R. P., D. Lew, and A. T. Peterson. 2003. Evaluating predictive models of species distributions: criteria for selecting optimal models. Ecological Modelling 162:211-232. [ Links ] Aranda, M. 2005. Ocelote, Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758). Pp. 359-361 in Los Mamíferos Silvestres de México (G. Ceballos, y G. Oliva, eds.). Fondo de Cultura Económica / CONABIO. México. [ Links ] Bojorquez-Tapia, L., L. Brower, G. Castilleja, S. Sanchez-Colón, M. Hernandez, W. Calvert, S. Diaz, P. Gomez-Priego, G. Alcantar, E. Melgarejo, M. Solares, L. Gutierrez, and M. Juárez. 2003. Mapping expert knowledge: Redesigning the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve. Conservation Biology 17:367-379. [ Links ] Booth, G. D., M. J. Niccolucci, and E. G. Schuster. 1994. Identifying proxy sets in multiple linear regression: an aid to better coefficient interpretation. U. S. Departament of Agriculture, Forest Service. [ Links ] Burneo, S., J. F. González-Maya, and D. Tirira. 2009. ...
This page is a Tree of Life Leaf Page.. Each ToL leaf page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a leaf at the tip of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a leaf and a branch of the Tree of Life is that a leaf cannot generally be further subdivided into subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.. For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.. close box ...
Milwaukee, Wis., July 17, 2015 - For its July centennial Gift to the Community, the Greater Milwaukee Foundation is helping the Milwaukee County Zoo add two snow leopards to its animal collection.. The Zoos 1-year-old snow leopard cub, Sossy, died unexpectedly on June 5, leaving only Sossys mother, adult female Tomiris. The Zoo plans to acquire a male and a female snow leopard with the Foundations gift.. The acquisition of two snow leopards will be very important to the inter-Zoo and international cooperation of captive management of these endangered felines, said Zoo director Chuck Wikenhauser. It will help the Zoo continue to play a meaningful part in snow leopard conservation.. The new snow leopards will be imported from Europe, which will add new genetics to the American population. This benefits the long-term survival of the species. There is no certain timeline for the animals arrival due to variables related to securing permits, transportation and health requirements, but Zoo ...
On average, the Asian leopard Cat is as large as a Domestic Cat, but there are considerable regional differences: in Indonesia the average size is 45 cm (18 in), plus 20 cm (8 in) tail, while it is 60 cm/40 cm (24/16 in) in the Amur region. The shoulder height is 41 cm (16 in) and the weight is 4.5-6.8 kg (10-15 lbs), similar in size to a Domestic Cat. The fur color is also variable: it is yellow in the southern populations, but silver-grey in the northern ones. The chest and the lower part of the head are white. The Leopard Cat bears black markings that may be spotted or rosetted, depending on the subspecies. It has litters of 2 to 4 kittens and the gestation period can vary from 65 to 70 days.. The Leopard Cat can climb trees skillfully. It is also able to swim, but will seldom do so. This cat is nocturnal, and during the day it spends its time in dens that may be hollow trees, cavities under roots, or caves. It spends time out during the day in areas where there are no humans. The Leopard Cat ...
Christiansen, P. 2008: Species distinction and evolutionary differences in the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and Diards clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi). Journal of mammalogy, 89: 1435-1446 ...
I thought that I made all the felidae species, but I have just discovered it was one left: The southern tigrina (Leopardus guttulus). It is found in southern an
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Carnivora • Subordo: Feliformia • Familia: Felidae • Subfamilia: Felinae • Genus: Leopardus • Species: Leopardus geoffroyi (dOrbigny & Gervais, 1844) ...
New York, NY - September 14) The mysterious snow leopard has been delivered a piece of good news. The Red List classification from the International Union for Conservation of Nature - IUCN - improves the conservation status of the big cat from Endangered to Vulnerable. Yet these iconic symbols of Asias great mountain wilderness still face numerous threats, many rapidly growing, in their high mountain home. The snow leopard was listed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List -the globally accepted, international standard for assessing extinction risk-for each 5‐10 year assessment since its initial listing in 1972. The change in status came after a three‐year assessment process by five international experts including scientists from academia and from Panthera, Snow Leopard Conservancy, and Wildlife Conservation Society, organizations active in snow leopard conservation. The assessment was then reviewed and approved by eight international felid and Red List assessments experts, the IUCN Global ...
New York, NY - September 14) The mysterious snow leopard has been delivered a piece of good news. The Red List classification from the International Union for Conservation of Nature - IUCN - improves the conservation status of the big cat from Endangered to Vulnerable. Yet these iconic symbols of Asias great mountain wilderness still face numerous threats, many rapidly growing, in their high mountain home. The snow leopard was listed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List -the globally accepted, international standard for assessing extinction risk-for each 5‐10 year assessment since its initial listing in 1972. The change in status came after a three‐year assessment process by five international experts including scientists from academia and from Panthera, Snow Leopard Conservancy, and Wildlife Conservation Society, organizations active in snow leopard conservation. The assessment was then reviewed and approved by eight international felid and Red List assessments experts, the IUCN Global ...
Investigations of regional genetic differentiation are essential for describing phylogeographic patterns and informing management efforts for species of conservation concern. In this context, we investigated genetic diversity and evolutionary relationships among great gray owl (Strix nebulosa) populations in western North America, which includes an allopatric range in the southern Sierra Nevada in California. Based on a total dataset consisting of 30 nuclear microsatellite DNA loci and 1938-base pairs of mitochondrial DNA, we found that Pacific Northwest sampling groups were recovered by frequency and Bayesian analyses of microsatellite data and each population sampled, except for western Canada, showed evidence of recent population bottlenecks and low effective sizes. Bayesian and maximum likelihood phylogenetic analyses of sequence data indicated that the allopatric Sierra Nevada population is also a distinct lineage with respect to the larger species range in North America; we suggest a ...
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl; Great Gray Owl), Adult Weight: 2.38 lbs (1.08 kg), Birth Weight: 38 grams, Female Maturity: 1 year, Female Weight: 2.79 lbs (1.27 kg), |span class=ultooltip title=Incubation|Gestation|/span|: 30 days, |span class=ultooltip title=Brood / Clutch|Litter|/span| Size: 4, |span class=ultooltip title=Broods / Clutches|Litters|/span| / Year: 1, Maximum Longevity: 16 years, Male Maturity: 1 year, Male Weight: 1.96 lbs (890 g), Weight Dimorphism: 42.4 %, Wing Span: 4.5 feet (1.37 m)
Physical characteristics: Snow leopards are light gray with black-brown rosettes and spots and sides tinged with yellow. This leopard measures 39 to 51 inches (99 to 130 centimeters). The furry tail, nearly as long as the body, acts as a warm wrap during sleep or rest and provides balance during leaps. An enlarged nasal cavity warms cold air entering the body. Long hind legs are adapted for jumping up to 45 feet (14 meters), while wide, furred paws are designed for walking on snow. Snow leopards weigh 77 to 120 pounds (35 to 55 kilograms).. ...
The funding needed to support the conservation of snow leopards and their habitat across their range over the seven-year GSLEP program was estimated by the 12 snow leopard range countries to total about US$190 million for the period of 2014 to 2020. However, this estimate still needs to be fine-tuned as the program evolves and as further inputs are received from agencies and sectors, such as customs, education, and infrastructure, whose costs may not yet be reflected originally. Estimates may also have to be normalized among countries to ensure that each is counting the same factors; direct versus indirect costs, for example, may be included in some countries estimates but not others. The largest share of the total estimate is for managing habitat and prey, controlling poaching of snow leopards and their prey, and addressing knowledge gaps through research and monitoring.. Of the US$190 million, ca. 24% has been secured to date by snow leopard range countries through GEF-financed and ...
Hemis National Park is one of the major attractions in Ladakh that pulls a number of adventurists and animal lovers from all over the world. It stretches at an elevation of 4100 meters and covers up the entire Rumbak Valley. The national park is the home to varied species of animals including Snow Leopards and Himalayan birds. The Snow Leopard Trek, which is one of the popular winter treks in the Ladakh region, lies into a territory where human hospitality evanesces and brings forth a wild stretch of rugged mountains dotted with animals like snow leopards, Tibetan wolves, blue sheep, horned sheep and Eurasian Brown Bear and more. It is also an abode to several species of birds like the Golden Eagle, different species of vultures and migratory birds. Being on the move on the Snow Leopard Trek in Ladakh, one encounters surprises at each turn. The trek allows one to get acquainted with the folklore of Rumbak Valley. It thus brings one to an indigenous territory astir over the savage breath in the ...
Teeth may be lost at 8-10 years of age. One wild born specimen was about 17 years of age when it died in captivity. Other specimens have been known to live over 16 years in captivity [0671]. ...
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CINCINNATI (March 28, 2016)- Since 2010, three Brazilian ocelot kittens, females Milagre, Ayla, and Revy, have been produced using artificial insemination (AI) techniques developed and performed by scientists from the Cincinnati Zoos Center for Conservation & Research of Endangered Wildlife (CREW). All three of these genetically-valuable ocelots have gone on to produce offspring of their own as a result of natural breeding. The most recent kitten was born at the Santa Ana Zoo in December to Revy, the last of the three AI offspring to reproduce.. Without the AI option, Milagre, Ayla and Revy - and all of their subsequent offspring - would have never existed and the long-term genetic viability of our Brazilian ocelot population would have been further diminished as a consequence, said Dr. Bill Swanson, CREWs Director of Animal Research and one of the worlds authorities on breeding endangered small cats. Only 30 Brazilian ocelots exist in North American Zoos, and seven, or nearly one ...
Scientists found fossil evidence of several species of cat in the Medicine Hat area, including the Smilodon fatalis - a sabre-toothed cat that went extinct about 11,000 years ago.
Now, all of that said, it is important to realize that You cant compare apples to oranges is only contingently true. It is only true if certain preconditions apply. Otherwise, the idiom cannot be fairly used. After all, anyone can sensibly note that, yes, apples and oranges can be compared because theyre both fruits. They are both part of a larger set that includes strawberries, bananas, papayas, and mangos as well. Therefore, any comparison between apples and oranges that relies on characteristics common to the larger set of fruits, such as the presence of fructose or seeds, would not be a false analogy.. To speak zoologically, I can fairly compare any member of the family Felidae so long as I limit my comparisons to traits common to that family. I cannot claim that they are all the same in that they can purr, for example. Animals in the genus Panthera belong to the family Felidae, but they cannot purr. That is a characteristic of genus Felis, another member of the Felidae family. To say ...
They are very dangerous. You cant evolve as a predator of medium-to-large mammals and end be anything other than dangerous to these same mammals - and humanity is a medium sized mammal. In the USA, since 1990, more than 300 dangerous incidents involving big cats have occurred in 44 states. However it is the other side of the coin that is most depressing.. All big cats are animals that have large territories. Under normal circumstances, they cover many kilometres/miles nearly every day of their lives. To take an animal that was born to this much freedom and keep it in a house, or 5th floor flat, or a cage in your backyard is a crime against life. It is a display of monumental stupidity, ignorance and arrogance.. People who keep wild animals in this way, particularly cats and other predators, are torturing the very animals they claim to love - torturing them every day of their lives. No matter how kind they may convince themselves they are being, they are in fact being incredibly cruel. There is ...
Habitat. Based on the locations in which its fossils have been found, it is likely that Smilodon lived on grassy plains and in open woodland.. Diet. Very powerful front legs and a short tail indicate that saber-toothed cats used stealth and ambush rather than speed to capture their prey. It may have eaten thick-skinned prey like mastodons, horses, and bison.. Fossil Record. Smilodons first appeared about 1.6 million years ago, and became extinct around 11,000 years ago. They are known mostly from fossils, frozen, mummified carcasses, and from ancient cave drawings. The pressures of a major climate change probably led to their extinction, but human hunting may have played a role as well.. The genus was named by Plieninger in 1846.. Thousands of Smilodon fossils have been found in late Pleistocene tar pits and rocks from North and South America. Bones from nearly 2,000 individuals have been recovered from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles alone, which is why Smilodon californicus was ...
Y chromosome haplotyping based on microsatellites and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has proved to be a powerful tool for population genetic studies of humans. However, the promise of the approach is hampered in the majority of nonhuman mammals by the lack of Y-specific polymorphic markers. We were able to identify new male-specific polymorphisms in the domestic cat Felis catus and 6 additional Felidae species with a combination of molecular genetic and cytogenetic approaches including 1) identifying domestic cat male-specific microsatellites from markers generated from a male cat microsatellite-enriched genomic library, a flow-sorted Y cosmid library, or a Y-specific cat bacteria artificial chromosome (BAC) clone, (2) constructing microsatellite-enriched libraries from flow-sorted Y chromosomes isolated directly from focal wildcat species, and (3) screening Y chromosome conserved anchored tagged sequences primers in Felidae species. Forty-one male-specific microsatellites were ...
Felidae Cat/Kitten 15lb. Benefits to feeding Felidae Cat & Kitten Formula Four Meat Meals: Chicken, Turkey, Lamb And Fish Wholesome Nutritional Brown Rice & Diversified Carbohydrates Contains Skin & Coat Conditioners to Maintain a Healthy Luxurious Coat Balanced Omega 6 And 3 Fatty Acids Formulated With Cranberries Guaranteed Viable Micro-Organisms Natural Ingredients Plus Essential Vitamins & Amino Acid Chelated Minerals Guaranteed Enzyme Activity to Help Break Down Cellulose 15lb.
Of the eight books in the Felidae cycle, only the first two have thus far been translated into English - and the film adaptation, carefully animated in a style almost reminiscent of very early Don Bluth, has been produced both in German and English. Pirinçci served as a writer on the films script, and it follows the book quite faithfully, pulling no punches where violent imagery and philosophical shock are concerned. From graphic scenes of disemboweled and bloody cat bodies to a surreal and terrifying nightmare sequence with symbolic parallels to Nazi medical experimentation and eugenics, Felidae is not for the weak of heart. Musically, it is as fertile as its uncompromising visuals - featuring a score by Anne Dudley and an opening theme performed by Boy George ...
The front limbs on these cats were longer and stronger than modern cats, and from that, and its teeth, its method of attack must have been different. An educated guess would be: they were an ambush predators, which clung on round the neck of their prey, and slashed at the underside of the throat.[1] This contrasts with the method of the modern lion, which brings down its prey by weight of numbers, and clamps its jaws over the preys nose and mouth. The prey dies of suffocation.. Smilodons gape could have reached almost 120 degrees,[8] while that of the modern lion reaches 65 degrees.[9] This makes the gape wide enough to allow Smilodon to slash the throats of their victims without closing their jaws in a bite.. Smilodons niche was closer to a leopards, which is also an ambush predator. They both need cover to get close to prey. Smilodon had relatively short legs and a short, bobbed tail. Its front legs were especially powerful. Its body was adapted for springing onto prey, but it was not a ...
The mother, Sala was inseminated in both oviducts using a new laparoscopic approach developed by scientists from CREW. Pregnancy was diagnosed at 60 days post-AI and the female gave birth naturally to a single kitten 23 days later. This birth represents the fifth pregnancy worldwide in ocelots resulting from AI and only the second produced by CREW scientists using this new laparoscopic oviductal AI method. Both Sala and the kitten are currently being housed in a quiet off-exhibit location but likely will be transferred to the ocelot exhibit in the Zoos Night Hunters building later this spring for public viewing. Sala, an 8-year old, first-time mother, is the offspring of a founder pair imported to the US from Brazil in 1999. The 14 year old, first-time father, Monsieur, is the offspring of another Brazilian founder pair imported to Canada in 1997. At the recommendation of the Ocelot Species Survival Plan (SSP), the male was transferred from the Granby Zoo to the Cincinnati Zoo in 2008 for ...
Using the ratio of the number of migratory nuclei to hydrated oocytes to estimate batch fecundity of common coral trout Plectropomus leopardus increases the time over which samples can be collected and, therefore, increases the sample size available and reduces biases in batch fecundity estimates.. ...
Bone morphology of the cats (Mammalia: Felidae) is influenced by many factors, including locomotor mode, body size, hunting methods, prey size and phylogeny. Here, we investigate the shape of the proximal and distal humeral epiphyses in extant species of the felids, based on two-dimensional landmark configurations. Geometric morphometric techniques were used to describe shape differences in the context of phylogeny, allometry and locomotion. The influence of these factors on epiphyseal shape was assessed using Principal Component Analysis, Linear Discriminant functions and multivariate regression. Phylogenetic Generalised Least Squares was used to examine the association between size or locomotion and humeral epiphyseal shape, after taking a phylogenetic error term into account. Results show marked differences in epiphyseal shape between felid lineages, with a relatively large phylogenetic influence. Additionally, the adaptive influences of size and locomotion are demonstrated, and their ...
The first isotopic report on commensal behavior of ancient wild felids examined Neolithic cats from China (60). Based on δ13C and δ15N values of bone collagen, Hu et al. (60) identified a substantial consumption of millet-based food by humans, rodents, and cats, which suggested a possible commensal or even mutualistic behavior of Neolithic cats. However, lack of data for contemporary rodents and other possible prey limited the interpretative potential of those results (61). Furthermore, morphometric verification of Chinese cat remains revealed that the study involved a leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) rather than a wildcat or domestic cat (62). Despite no direct relation to Felis, that study pioneered the field of ancient felid ecology.. In our dataset of Central European Late Neolithic ecosystem, the δ15N values of felids were all lower than they were for contemporary humans and dogs. This result would appear to contradict an assumption that top predators must exhibit the highest ...
Author of Marine Mammals, Marine mammals, Quaternary evolution and biogeography of the large South American Canidae (Mammalia, Carnivora), An Introduction to Human Anatomy, South American Carnivora, The sabercat Smilodon gracilis from Florida and a discussion of its relationships (Mammalia, Felidae, Smilodontini), An investigation of individual growth and possible age relationships in a population of Protothaca staminea (Mollusca, Pelecypoda), New Enaliarctos (Pinnipedimorpha) from the Oligocene and Miocene of Oregon and the role of Enaliarctids in Pinniped phylogeny
Gray described the genus Neofelis as having an elongate skull, a broad and rather produced face on the same plane as the forehead, a large and elongate nasal, a moderate orbit, a truncated lower jaw and very long conical upper and lower canine teeth with a sharp cutting hinder edge. This skull has resemblances to that of the fossil Smilodon, with very much elongated upper canines.[5]. Pocock described the skull of Neofelis as recalling in general features that of Panthera pardus, especially in the shortness and wide separation of the frontal and malar postorbital processes, relative proportion of mandibular teeth; but differing in the greater posterior width of the nasals, the thicker, more salient inferior edge of the orbit, and the mandible being greatly elevated anteriorly.[6]. The Sunda clouded leopard has longer upper canines and a narrower palate between them.[8]. ...
Snow leopard mother Tawa and two of her two-month-old cubs is seen during one of the cubs first outings at the zoo in Mulhouse, eastern France. Three Snow Leopard cubs, Koura, Tiksi and Zima were born to mother Tawa at the zoo. ...
(CNN) - A wild snow leopard found injured and unable to see has had its vision restored after Chinese veterinarians removed a cataract in what they say is a world-first surgical procedure. Linghan, a snow leopard believed to be over 11 years old, went under the knife on November 26 in the city of Xining, […]
XINING, CHINA (CNN) - A wild snow leopard found injured and unable to see has had its vision restored after Chinese veterinarians removed a cataract in what they say is a world-first surgical procedure. Linghan, a snow leopard believed to be over 11 years old, went under the knife on November 26 in the city […]
Scat (circled) next to a fresh snow leopard scrape. (Photo: Jan Janečka). This technique is efficient and cost-effective. Researchers collect scats known or suspected to have been deposited by snow leopards. These are taken to a qualified laboratory, the mitochondrial DNA extracted, sequenced and interpreted.. For a discussion of genotyping in greater detail, see this page.. Advantages:. ...
The naming of many saber-toothed species-the most famous being the genus Smilodon, or the saber-toothed cat-sounds like a bit of a macabre joke. The pearly grins of these prehistoric predators might have been the last sight of any creatures that got close enough to appreciate them.. But not all saber-toothed things were aggressively predatory. Some, like the marsupial Thylacosmilus atrox, may have occupied a different niche. As a new study published in the journal PeerJ reports, the pouched, cat-resembling creature may have been more of a scavenger, carefully slicing already-dead carcasses a few million years ago with its ferocious-looking dentition. But it wasnt the eponymous canine teeth that led to this conclusion-it was what the animal was missing.. Perhaps the most famous of the saber-tooths is Smilodon fatalis, an apex predator during the Pleistocene, that has very little relation with the marsupial Thylacosmilus (or with modern cats, for that matter), despite their outward similarities. ...
The large, sabre-like teeth of Smilodon (Sabre-Toothed Cat) were too fragile and likely to be damaged if this member of the Machairodontinae bit down onto bone.
Following these reports, the species went practically unrecorded in the Peruvian Amazon until 1987, despite intensive, long-term field surveys of mammals in the intervening years (Terborgh et al. 1984; Janson and Emmons 1990; Woodman et al. 1991; Pacheco et al. 1993, 1995). Even Louise Emmons, who carried out long-term monitoring and trapping of Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) and other mammals at the Cocha Cashu Biological Station in Manu, never saw or trapped the Short-eared Dog (L. Emmons pers. comm. 2008). For whatever reason, the species appears to have gone entirely unrecorded from the region between 1970 and 1987.. This local and temporary disappearance is potentially related to transmission of diseases by domestic dogs, commonly brought by local indigenous into protected areas. Two disease surveys carried out in Manu National Park found parvovirus and distemper to be common among domestic dogs, posing a threat to Short-eared Dog populations and other carnivores inside Manu and Alto Purus ...
The impact of stress related to global warming of surface waters has been studied extensively on multiple levels of biological organization. However, the impact of warming on freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae), keystone species in many of the worlds freshwater systems, is poorly understood. A next generation sequencing approach was undertaken to identify genes that were differentially expressed in response to temperature stress. Two species of mussel native to Alabama (USA), Villosa nebulosa and Villosa lienosa, were chosen for study because of the differences in habitat range and conservation status. V. nebulosa is restricted to a relatively narrow range and is of moderate conservation risk, while Villosa lienosa has a large geographic range and is currently stable. Both species were subjected to heat shock (3°C above ambient 22°C) and tissue samples were collected at 3 and 6 hours post shock to produce the RNA template for sequencing. ~330,000 sequence reads (mean length of 100 base ...
Campbell, K., C. Coe i M. Saunders, 1986. A survey of fishes of the Tana River at Koba and a checklist of fishes of the Tana River. P. 175-188. A: M. Coe i N.M. Collins (eds.). Kora. An ecological inventory of the Kora National Reserve, Kenya. Royal Geographical Society, Londres, 380 p. ...
We have a cat who has suffered in the past with chronic urinary tract infections. It stems from crystals developing. Over the early years we meandered through all the usual standard vet procedures. Only to find that the only thing that really helps is a certain kind of diet. Specifically, cat food that does not contain the elements that cause the crystals in the first place. Up until recently weve made due with the non-holistic vet prescribed food. Even though I cringe at what companies put in food for our pets. So Ive been searching for a holistic brand that will contain the magic recipe to ward off crystals. And low and behold, I found it! Its called Felidae and its much more holistically oriented and we have been crystal free! Woohoo ...
This quiz is for the German book and film adaption Felidae. You know, the cat mystery novel. If youre German, unless you havent seen or read it, you wouldve watched or read it in the original German version. English, then obviously the English dub and version.
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As this is a complicated topic is better to speak to somebody on the phone because they will get to the point quickly, hopefully, rather than ploughing through a pile of technical documents which might baffle you.. Clearly, the law applies to individuals owning a caracal and zoos and breeders. And therefore there are different rules for different individuals and organisations. No doubt some individuals might like to own a caracal as a pet. My thought there is that only under exceptional circumstances is it a good idea. Although caracals are one of those wild cat species which are more predisposed than others to being a pet rather like the cheetah. Both the caracal and cheetah have a history of working with people and hunting with people. You can go back thousands of years and find records of both these wild cat species working with people as hunters. ...
Beta amyloid (Aβ) deposits are seen in aged individuals in many of the mammalian species that possess the same Aβ amino acid sequence as humans. Conversely, neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), the other hallmark lesion of Alzheimers disease (AD), are extremely rare in these animals. We detected Aβ deposits in the brains of Tsushima leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus) that live exclusively on Tsushima Island, Japan. Aβ42 was deposited in a granular pattern in the neuropil of the pyramidal cell layer, but did not form argyrophilic senile plaques. These Aβ deposits were not immunolabeled with antibodies to the N-terminal of human Aβ. Sequence analysis of the amyloid precursor protein revealed an amino acid substitution at the 7th residue of the Aβ peptide. In a comparison with other mammalian animals that do develop argyrophilic senile plaques, we concluded that the alternative Aβ amino acid sequence displayed by leopard cats is likely to be related to its distinctive deposition pattern.
When the last snow leopard has stalked among the crags, a spark of life will have gone, turning the mountain into stones of silence.. Each day, reality inches closer to naturalist George Schallers elegiac warning. Inhabiting the high mountains of Central Asia, snow leopards are the ghosts of the animal kingdom - solitary and secretive. There are an estimated 4,000 to 6,500 snow leopards left in the wild, but the breeding population is estimated at fewer than 2,500 animals. And those estimates may be optimistic - dating from 2003, they do not account for a further nine years of population decline. Threatened by poaching, lack of prey, conflicts with humans and military activity, the snow leopards fate remains imperiled.. But there is reason to hope. One patient pregnancy at a time, reproductive biologists are attempting to save endangered species like the snow leopard from extinction. Their tools include technologies developed and refined for human reproduction, like artificial insemination or ...
Cats (Felidae). Within the Felidae, male felids can urinate backwards by curving the tip of the glans penis backward.[136][137] ...
Family Felidae[edit]. A male Amphimachairodus giganteus was one of the largest machairodonts. It dwarfs its modern relative, ... Machairodontinae is an extinct subfamily of carnivoran mammals of the family Felidae (true cats). They were found in Asia, ... Felidae)". PLoS ONE. 8 (3): e56173. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...856173W. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056173. PMC 3596359. PMID 23516394. ... Felidae, Carnivora) from the Spanish late Miocene site of Batallones-1". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 24 (4): 957-969. ...
Felidae is a 1994 German adult animated horror/mystery film directed by Michael Schaack, written by Martin Kluger, Stefaan ... Hansen, Eric (7 December 1994). "Felidae". Variety. Retrieved 23 September 2019. "Наш старый добрый "Союзмультфильм" : Daily ...
The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae. It occurs in a ... Izawa, M. & Nakanishi, N. (2015). "Felidae". In Ohdachi, S. D.; Ishibashi, Y.; Iwasa, M. A. & Saitoh, T. (eds.). The Wild ... Pocock, R. I. (1917). "The Classification of existing Felidae". The Annals and Magazine of Natural History. Series 8. XX: 329- ... Werdelin, L.; Yamaguchi, N.; Johnson, W. E. & O'Brien, S. J. (2010). "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)". In Macdonald ...
Felidae. Gen. Viverra". Spicilegia zoologica; or, original figures and short systematic descriptions of new and unfigured ...
"Felidae , Cats". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 28 September 2018. Ryan, P. G. (2007). "Diving in shallow water: the foraging ... Several species of Felidae (cats) and snakes have vertically elongated (slit) pupils, advantageous for nocturnal ambush ...
PMID 22115545.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Harrison, D. L., & Bates, P. J. J. (1991). Felidae. In The mammals ...
"Felidae (Kritik): Rezension von Schwertfang". RoterDorn: das Medienportal. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Anonymous (November 23, 1992). "Felidae". Publishers Weekly. 239 (51): 53. Retrieved ...
Werdelin, L. (2011). "A new genus and species of Felidae (Mammalia) from Rusinga Island, Kenya, with notes on early Felidae of ... The Felinae are a subfamily of the family Felidae. This subfamily comprises the small cats having a bony hyoid, because of ... Gray, J. E. (1843). "Felidae". List of the specimens of Mammalia in the British Museum. London: The British Museum. pp. 39-46. ... Werdelin, L.; Yamaguchi, N.; Johnson, W. E.; O'Brien, S. J. (2010). "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)". In Macdonald, ...
"Felidae". Retrieved August 2, 2020 - via www.imdb.com. "Bart's Girlfriend". Retrieved August 2, 2020 - via www.imdb.com. " ... November 3: The German animated feature Felidae is first released. It will gain cult status later. November 6: In The Simpsons ...
Felidae. Gen. Viverra". Spicilegia zoologica; or, original figures and short systematic descriptions of new and unfigured ...
B. M. Navarro and P. Palmqvist: Presence of the African Machairodont Megantereon whitei (Broom, 1937) (Felidae, Carnivora, ... Osteology and ecology of Megantereon cultridens SE311 (Mammalia; Felidae; Machairodontinae), a sabrecat from the Late Pliocene ... Turner, A (1987). "Megantereon cultridens (Cuvier) (Mammalia, Felidae, Machairodontinae) from Plio-Pleistocene Deposits in ...
Cats (Felidae). Within the Felidae, male felids can urinate backwards by curving the tip of the glans penis backward.[132][133] ...
Cats (Felidae). 14 genera and 37 species. Linsangs (Prionodontidae). One genus and two species. Civets, genets and oyans ( ...
The relationships of the ocelot within the Felidae is considered as follows: The largest member of its genus, the ocelot is a ... Werdelin, L.; Yamaguchi, N.; Johnson, W. E. & O'Brien, S. J. (2010). "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)". In Macdonald ... Results of a phylogenetic study indicate that the Leopardus lineage genetically diverged from the Felidae around 8 million ... Felidae". In R.A. Ojeda; V. Chillo & Vand G.B. Díaz Isenrath (eds.). Libro Rojo de los Mamíferos Amenazados de la Argentina [ ...
Felidae". Walker's Mammals of the World. Vol. 2. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 797-836. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9. , ...
This list of largest cats shows the 10 largest extant Felidae species, ordered by maximum reported weight and size of wild ... Felidae". Walker's Mammals of the World. Vol. 2. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 797-836. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9. , ...
Felidae indet. Mustelinae indet. Ground sloths Pliometanastes protistus Thinobadistes segnis Gomphotheres Amebelodon ( ...
Felidae. Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America (eds. C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs) 1:236-242 Cats portal ... Two new genera of Felidae from the middle Pliocene of Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 37:239-255 [1] R. L ... It was assigned to Felidae by Hibbard (1934) and Carroll (1988); and to Machairodontinae by Martin (1998). It was a cougar- ... Adelphailurus is an extinct genus of saber-toothed cats of the family Felidae and tribe Metailurini which inhabited western ...
The study is being conducted by researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz in partnership with Felidae ... "Bay Area Puma Project information page". Felidae Conservation Fund. Archived from the original on 2008-07-23. Retrieved ...
Nyctereutes sp., and Felidae indet. "Genus †Pliohyrax". The Taxonomicon. April 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. CS1 maint: ...
Felidae". Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali Residente in Pisa. 90: 227-236. http://www.unifi.it/webbia/page146/ ...
The cougar has large paws and proportionally the largest hind legs in the Felidae, allowing for its great leaping and short- ... Cougars are slender and agile members of the Felidae. They are the fourth largest cat species worldwide; adults stand about 60 ... Rau, J. R. & Jiménez, J. E. (2002). "Diet of puma (Puma concolor, Carnivora: Felidae) in coastal and Andean ranges of southern ... In the latest genomic study of the Felidae, the common ancestor of today's Leopardus, Lynx, Puma, Prionailurus, and Felis ...
1994: Animator on Felidae. 1994-1995: Storyboard/Development/Directing animator on All Dogs Go to Heaven 2. Directing animator ...
Cioppi, E.; Mazzini, M. (1983). "Part II: Carnivora, Felidae". Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali Residente in Pisa ...
Barstow, A. L. & Leslie, D.M. (2012). "Leopardus braccatus (Carnivora: Felidae)". Mammalian Species. 44 (1): 16-25. doi:10.1644 ... "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF ... Felidae): A systematic and biogeographic review" (PDF). American Museum Novitates (3096): 1-35. Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order ... Felidae): an integrative approach". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 191 (2): 575-611. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa043 ...
Renard, A., Lavoie, M., Pitt, J. A., & Larivière, S. (2015). Felis nigripes (Carnivora: Felidae). Mammalian Species, 47(925), ...
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA of all Felidae species indicates a radiation at around 16.76 to 6.46 million years ago. The sand ... Phylogenetic analysis of the nuclear DNA in tissue samples from all Felidae species revealed that the evolutionary radiation of ... Werdelin, L.; Yamaguchi, N.; Johnson, W. E. & O'Brien, S. J. (2010). "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)". In Macdonald ... Aloufi, A.A. & Amr, Z.S. (2018). "Carnivores of the Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia (Carnivora: Canidae, Felidae, Hyaenidae, ...
Orden carnívora, familia felidae. ,, v. Dirigir u orientar algo hacia el norte. "Lago de Junin". Birdlife Data Zone. Birdlife ...
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA of all Felidae species indicates that they radiated at around 16.76 to 6.46 million years ago. ... Phylogenetic analysis of the nuclear DNA from all Felidae species revealed that their evolutionary radiation began in Asia in ... Werdelin, L.; Yamaguchi, N.; Johnson, W. E. & O'Brien, S. J. (2010). "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)". In Macdonald ... ISBN 0-226-77999-8. Renard, A.; Lavoie, M.; Pitt, J. A. & Larivière, S. (2015). "Felis nigripes (Carnivora: Felidae)". ...
The family Felidae is part of the Feliformia, a suborder that diverged probably about 50.6 to 35 million years ago into several ... The Felidae and the Asiatic linsangs are considered a sister group, which split about 35.2 to 31.9 million years ago. The ... Felidae (/ˈfɛlɪdiː/) is a family of mammals in the order Carnivora, colloquially referred to as cats, and constitutes a clade. ... Today, the living Felidae are divided in two subfamilies: the Pantherinae and Felinae, with the Acinonychinae subsumed into the ...
... Cats. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window ... Page: Tree of Life Felidae. Cats. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial ... Interspecific scaling of the morphology and posture of the limbs during the locomotion of cats (Felidae). Journal of ... Felidae. Cats. Version 26 September 2008 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Felidae/16006/2008.09.26 in The Tree of Life Web ...
Felidae is the biological family of all cats. Felidae may also refer to: Felidae (novel), a novel by Akif Pirinçci. Felidae ( ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Felidae. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to ...
Media in category "Felidae". The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Felidae&oldid=284451311" ...
This quiz is for the German book and film adaption Felidae. You know, the cat mystery novel. If youre German, unless you ... This quiz is for the German book and film adaption Felidae. You know, the cat mystery novel. If youre German, unless you ...
Familia: Felidae. Subfamiliae: Felinae - Pantherinae - †Machairodontinae - †Proailurinae Име[редактиране]. Felidae Fischer von ... Felidae in Mammal Species of the World. Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World - A ... A revised taxonomy of the Felidae. The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN/ SSC Cat Specialist Group ... Взето от „https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Felidae&oldid=7534579". ...
... in wild non-domestic Felidae species, and the restriction of Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) mediated immune impairment to ... domestic cats rather than other Felidae species. The most recent interpretations indicate important new evolutionary ... Emerging Viruses in the Felidae: Shifting Paradigms. Stephen J. OBrien 1,†,* , Jennifer L. Troyer 2. ... OBrien SJ, Troyer JL, Brown MA, Johnson WE, Antunes A, Roelke ME, Pecon-Slattery J. Emerging Viruses in the Felidae: Shifting ...
The primary structure of hemoglobins from the domestic cat (Felis catus, Felidae).. Abbasi A, Braunitzer G. ...
Felidae Conservation Fund offers the opportunity to serve your community through Wild Cat Conservation Organization Seeking ... Felidae needs help at a variety of San Francisco Bay Area events - From presentations to school activities to exhibit events, ...
Felidae, Machairodontinae) / By: Churcher, C. S., - Royal Ontario Museum. ...
The Felidae family represents a challenge for molecular phylogenetic reconstruction because it consists of 38 living species ... Phylogenetic reconstruction of the Felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes J Mol Evol. 1997;44 Suppl 1:S98-116. ... The Felidae family represents a challenge for molecular phylogenetic reconstruction because it consists of 38 living species ...
Family - Felidae. Felidae, with the notable exception of lions and to a lesser extent domestic cats, are habitually solitary. ... Home > Mammals > Mammal Orders & Families > Felidae. Big Cats 101: Facts, Records & List Of Species In The Family Felidae. The ... Well, I hope this has been an interesting look at the big cats of family felidae. ...
The felid family consists of two major subgroups, the sabretoothed and the feline cats, to which all extant species belong, and are the most anatomically derived of all carnivores for predation on large prey with a precision killing bite. There has been much controversy and uncertainty about why the skulls and mandibles of sabretoothed and feline cats evolved to become so anatomically divergent, but previous models have focused on single characters and no unifying hypothesis of evolutionary shape changes has been formulated. Here I show that the shape of the skull and mandible in derived sabrecats occupy entirely different positions within overall morphospace from feline cats, and that the evolution of skull and mandible shape has followed very different paths in the two subgroups. When normalised for body-size differences, evolution of bite forces differ markedly in the two groups, and are much lower in derived sabrecats, and they show a significant relationship with size and cranial shape, whereas no
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Survival of Feral Cats, Felis catus (Carnivora: Felidae), on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, Based on Tooth Cementum Lines. ... Felidae), on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, Based on Tooth Cementum Lines," Pacific Science, 64(3), 381-389, (1 July 2010) Include:. ... Felidae), on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, Based on Tooth Cementum Lines," Pacific Science 64(3), 381-389, (1 July 2010). https://doi.org ...
If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team ...
Garrido G (2008) Linces y guepardos (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) en el Plioceno Superior terminal del Fonelas P-1 (Cuenca de ... Cherin M, Iurino DA, Sardella R (2013) New well-preserved material of Lynx issiodorensis valdarnensis (Felidae, Mammalia) from ... Testu A (2006) Etude paléontologique et biostratigraphique des Felidae et Hyaenidae pléistocènes de lEurope méditerranéenne. ...
comic , number = 1056 , date = May 16, 2012 , title = Felidae , image = felidae.png , titletext = Smilodon fatalis narrowly ... ", "Mountain Lion" :Other felidae: "Ocelot", "Cheetah" :Felis & Lynx: "Housecat", "Bobcat", "Wildcat", "Lynx" :[Some elements ...
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Salles, L. O. (1992). Felid Phylogenies: Extant Taxa and Skull Morphology (Felidae, Aeluroidea) American Museum Novitiates no. ... Big Cat Coalitions: A Comparative Analysis of Regional Brain Volumes in Felidae. Sharleen T. Sakai1,2*, Bradley M. Arsznov3, ... Here, we examine variation in total and regional brain size within the family Felidae in hopes of revealing patterns that are ... They found no relationship between brain size and sociality in either Felidae or Hyaenidae (Finarelli and Flynn, 2009). In ...
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A simplified phylogeny of Felidae modified from Mattern and McLennan (Mattern and McLennan, 2000) showing trends in the ... Interspecific scaling of the morphology and posture of the limbs during the locomotion of cats (Felidae) ... Interspecific scaling of the morphology and posture of the limbs during the locomotion of cats (Felidae) ... Interspecific scaling of the morphology and posture of the limbs during the locomotion of cats (Felidae) ...
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Cats: Felidae - Bobcat (lynx Rufus): Species Accounts [next] [back] Cats: Felidae - Puma (puma Concolor): Species Accounts ... Read more: Cats: Felidae - Snow Leopard (uncia Uncia): Species Accounts - Leopards, Livestock, Including, and Body - JRank ... Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Mammals » Cats: Felidae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction ... Articles http://animals.jrank.org/pages/3087/Cats-Felidae-SNOW-LEOPARD-Uncia-uncia-SPECIES-ACCOUNTS.html#ixzz3Fa93Ydb0 ...
Cats (Felidae). Within the Felidae, male felids can urinate backwards by curving the tip of the glans penis backward.[136][137] ...
Felidae. by kuriouskaren. Ive always had this fascination with cats since my late teens. I feel like I have some type of ...
Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Felidae&oldid=48406602" ...
Family Felidae cats Felidae: information (1) Felidae: pictures (237) Felidae: specimens (201) ...
Family Felidae[edit]. A male Amphimachairodus giganteus was one of the largest machairodonts. It dwarfs its modern relative, ... Machairodontinae is an extinct subfamily of carnivoran mammals of the family Felidae (true cats). They were found in Asia, ... Felidae)". PLoS ONE. 8 (3): e56173. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...856173W. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056173. PMC 3596359. PMID 23516394. ... Felidae, Carnivora) from the Spanish late Miocene site of Batallones-1". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 24 (4): 957-969. ...
... felidae@anaphorarecords.com Purchase album Facebook Bandcamp FAQ Or you can leave a message using the contact form below: ...
  • Felidae (/ˈfɛlɪdiː/) is a family of mammals in the order Carnivora, colloquially referred to as cats, and constitutes a clade. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2004. Phylogenetic autocorrelation analysis of extinction risks and the loss of evolutionary history in Felidae (Carnivora : Mammalia). (tolweb.org)
  • Prey preferences of the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) (Felidae: Carnivora): morphological limitations or the need to capture rapidly consumable prey before kleptoparasites arrive? (wiley.com)
  • Garrido G (2008) Linces y guepardos (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) en el Plioceno Superior terminal del Fonelas P-1 (Cuenca de Guadix, Granada). (springer.com)
  • Geographic variation in jungle cat ( Felis chaus Schreber, 1777) (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae) body size: is competition responsible? (wikipedia.org)
  • Cherin M, Iurino DA, Sardella R (2013) New well-preserved material of Lynx issiodorensis valdarnensis (Felidae, Mammalia) from the Early Pleistocene of Pantalla (central Italy). (springer.com)
  • Bone morphology of the cats (Mammalia: Felidae) is influenced by many factors, including locomotor mode, body size, hunting methods, prey size and phylogeny. (eprints-hosting.org)
  • The primary structure of hemoglobins from the domestic cat (Felis catus, Felidae). (nih.gov)
  • Felis catus , the domestic cat, is one of the smaller members of the family Felidae, weighing only five to twenty pounds. (columbia.edu)
  • Felidae is the biological family of all cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2007. Interspecific scaling of the morphology and posture of the limbs during the locomotion of cats (Felidae). (tolweb.org)
  • 2005. Phylogenetic studies of pantherine cats (Felidae) based on multiple genes, with novel application of nuclear beta-fibrinogen intron 7 to carnivores. (tolweb.org)
  • Here we review recent genetic advances that have questioned traditional wisdom regarding the origins of virulent Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) diseases, the pathogenic potential of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) in wild non-domestic Felidae species, and the restriction of Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) mediated immune impairment to domestic cats rather than other Felidae species. (mdpi.com)
  • Felidae, with the notable exception of lions and to a lesser extent domestic cats, are habitually solitary. (earthlife.net)
  • Felidae Dry Kibble for Cats and Kittens 15-Lb. (arcatapet.com)
  • Machairodontinae is an extinct subfamily of carnivoran mammals of the family Felidae (true cats). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the novel it is also revealed how Joker was preparing for cats on a spiritual point of view for the coming of the Felidae Breed, while Claudandus took care of the actual breeding project (and the murdering). (wikia.com)
  • Trivia As the other cats of the Felidae Breed, Tragiyahn is probably not interested in the genetic purity of her breed and it's likely that she was not aware of the death of Pascha (another possibility it's that he was aware, but somehow kept to silence by the same Claudandus). (wikia.com)
  • Reginald Innes Pocock divided the extant Felidae into three subfamilies: the Pantherinae, the Felinae and the Acinonychinae, differing from each other by the ossification of the hyoid apparatus and by the cutaneous sheaths which protect their claws. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, the living Felidae are divided in two subfamilies: the Pantherinae and Felinae, with the Acinonychinae subsumed into the latter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline , (family Felidae), any of 37 cat species that among others include the cheetah , puma , jaguar , leopard , lion , lynx , tiger , and domestic cat . (britannica.com)
  • El jaguar, es el felino más grande de América y el tercero en el mundo (después del león y el tigre), es también el único representante del género Panthera encontrado en este continente. (prezi.com)
  • Felidae species exhibit the most diverse fur pattern of all terrestrial carnivores. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Felidae family represents a challenge for molecular phylogenetic reconstruction because it consists of 38 living species that evolved from a relatively recent common ancestor (10-15 million years ago). (nih.gov)
  • The Y haplotyping system described here, consisting of 4 introns (SMCY3, SMCY7, UTY11, and DBY7) and 1 polymorphic microsatellite (SMCY-STR), represents the first available markers for tracking intraspecific male lineage polymorphisms in Felidae species and promises to provide significant insights to evolutionary and population genetic studies of the species. (unifi.it)
  • The Felidae, are a Feline species who originate on Sirius A. These are Beings that have entered the Earthplane since ancient times in specific roles and formats. (crejz.com)
  • That is because the Felidae expression on the earth are in group soul format, and are not here to evolve as a species, but rather to support the earth and assist humanity in evolution. (crejz.com)
  • I thought that I made all the felidae species, but I have just discovered it was one left: The southern tigrina (Leopardus guttulus). (forumieren.de)
  • These findings are different from the descriptions of most carnivore species, and may aid a better understanding of the phylogenetic relationships and synapomorphies of carnivore coronary circulation , especially in the Felidae family . (bvsalud.org)
  • Estos hallazgos son diferentes de las descripciones de la mayoría de las especies carnívoras y pueden ayudar a una mejor comprensión de las relaciones filogenéticas y de las sinapomorfias de la circulación de los carnívoros , especialmente en la familia Felidae . (bvsalud.org)
  • 2003. Molecular genetics and evolution of melanism in the cat family (Mamalia Felidae). (tolweb.org)
  • 2007. Evolution of the male-determining gene SRY within the cat family Felidae. (tolweb.org)
  • How old is Family Felidae ? (wikibooks.org)
  • The fossil record of Family Felidae extends to the Late Eocene, 34 million years ago. (wikibooks.org)
  • The placement of Prionodon as the sister-group of the family Felidae is strongly supported, and it was proposed that the Asiatic linsangs be placed in the monogeneric family Prionodontidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • En este estudio se describió la anatomía de las arterias coronarias , y sus principales ramas, en el Puma concolor . (bvsalud.org)
  • Se podría inferir que la circulación coronaria en el Puma concolor es equilibrada, ya que cada arteria coronaria produce una rama interventricular y no hay diferencia significativa en el número total de ramas que se originan de cada arteria coronaria. (bvsalud.org)
  • SYNOPSIS: The Pleistocene deposits that have yielded fossil remains of Felidae in Florida may be separated roughly into two age groups, an early fauna prob- ably dating from the Illinoian or early Sangamon or both, and a late fauna mainly of Wisconsin date. (ufl.edu)
  • I fangenskap har en observert at også hannene - mer enn hos andre kattedyr - passer ungene. (wikipedia.org)
  • A simplified phylogeny of Felidae modified from Mattern and McLennan ( Mattern and McLennan, 2000 ) showing trends in the evolution of size. (biologists.org)
  • 2006. The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment. (tolweb.org)
  • The Masters of the Sacred Felidae were involved in the genetic engineering in the Temple of Purification (on Poseida) in Atlantis during the Golden Age of the Law of One. (crejz.com)
  • Felidae (film), a 1994 animated film based on the novel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Felidae Conservation Fund is pleased to support Cassidy Fragakis in raising funds and awareness for tiger conservation. (crowdrise.com)
  • I am working with Felidae Conservation Fund, a California non-profit that protects wildcats around the world. (crowdrise.com)
  • I'd like to thank Zara McDonald and Ally Nauer of Felidae Conservation Fund for their knowledge and support in putting this project into action. (crowdrise.com)
  • Canine morphology in the larger Felidae: implications for feeding ecology. (tolweb.org)
  • This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Felidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The German animated film , Felidae, is a stunning example of what happens when a series of mystery novels, told from a unique perspective and fraught with philosophical questions and Devil's-advocate morality, are lovingly animated and presented as a complex tale of higher survival. (spoilerfreemoviesleuth.com)