Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Eating of excrement by animal species.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.
A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.
A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.
The chemical alteration of an exogenous substance by or in a biological system. The alteration may inactivate the compound or it may result in the production of an active metabolite of an inactive parent compound. The alterations may be divided into METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE I and METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE II.
The expelling of bacteria from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract.
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of man and animals, animal and plant products, infections of soft tissue, and soil. Some species may be pathogenic. No endospores are produced. The genus Eubacterium should not be confused with EUBACTERIA, one of the three domains of life.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.
An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
A genus of motile or nonmotile gram-positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. They occur in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.
The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A genus of protozoan parasites found in the intestines of birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, including man. The oocysts produce two sporocysts, each with four sporozoites. Many species are parasitic in wild and domestic animals.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.
Infections with bacteria of the family Desulfovibrionaceae.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
Infections with BACTERIA of the order Bifidobacteriales. This includes infections in the genera BIFIDOBACTERIUM and GARDNERELLA, in the family Bifidobacteriaceae.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.
Infections with bacteria of the order SPIROCHAETALES.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
A genus of gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacteria causing a proliferative enteritis in animals, especially pigs, deer, horses, and rabbits.
Unstable isotopes of carbon that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. C atoms with atomic weights 10, 11, and 14-16 are radioactive carbon isotopes.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
Steroid acids and salts. The primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.
A superfamily of nematodes. Most are intestinal parasites of ruminants and accidentally in humans. This superfamily includes seven genera: DICTYOCAULUS; HAEMONCHUS; Cooperia, OSTERTAGIA; Nematodirus, TRICHOSTRONGYLUS; and Hyostrongylus.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
An order of slender, flexuous, helically coiled bacteria, with one or more complete turns in the helix.
The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.
A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.
The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
The most common etiologic agent of GAS GANGRENE. It is differentiable into several distinct types based on the distribution of twelve different toxins.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of big felines including LIONS; TIGERS; jaguars; and the leopard.
Zygote-containing cysts of sporozoan protozoa. Further development in an oocyst produces small individual infective organisms called SPOROZOITES. Then, depending on the genus, the entire oocyst is called a sporocyst or the oocyst contains multiple sporocysts encapsulating the sporozoites.
Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.
Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria consisting of organisms causing variable hemolysis that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS, it is now recognized as a separate genus.
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
A genus of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from the intestinal tract of mammals, including humans. It has been associated with PEPTIC ULCER.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A subspecies of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria. It is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease (PARATUBERCULOSIS), a chronic GASTROENTERITIS in RUMINANTS.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A bile acid formed from chenodeoxycholate by bacterial action, usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed. It is used as cholagogue and choleretic.
A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.
A bile acid formed by bacterial action from cholate. It is usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. Deoxycholic acid acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for intestinal absorption, is reabsorbed itself, and is used as a choleretic and detergent.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.
A cell-separation technique where magnetizable microspheres or beads are first coated with monoclonal antibody, allowed to search and bind to target cells, and are then selectively removed when passed through a magnetic field. Among other applications, the technique is commonly used to remove tumor cells from the marrow (BONE MARROW PURGING) of patients who are to undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation.
Glycosides of GLUCURONIC ACID formed by the reaction of URIDINE DIPHOSPHATE GLUCURONIC ACID with certain endogenous and exogenous substances. Their formation is important for the detoxification of drugs, steroid excretion and BILIRUBIN metabolism to a more water-soluble compound that can be eliminated in the URINE and BILE.
Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).
A cholesterol derivative found in human feces, gallstones, eggs, and other biological matter.
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
A phylum of bacteria comprised of three classes: Bacteroides, Flavobacteria, and Sphingobacteria.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.
Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs singly, in pairs, or in short chains. Its organisms are found in fresh water and sewage and are pathogenic to humans, frogs, and fish.
A subclass of protozoans commonly parasitic in the epithelial cells of the intestinal tract but also found in the liver and other organs. Its organisms are found in both vertebrates and higher invertebrates and comprise two orders: EIMERIIDA and EUCOCCIDIIDA.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.
A toxin produced by certain pathogenic strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI such as ESCHERICHIA COLI O157. It is closely related to SHIGA TOXIN produced by SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, nonsporeforming, nonmotile rods. Organisms of this genus had originally been classified as members of the BACTEROIDES genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings in 1990 indicated the need to separate them from other Bacteroides species, and hence, this new genus was established.
A genus of parasitic nematodes widely distributed as intestinal parasites of mammals.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.
Inflammation of the MUCOSA of both the SMALL INTESTINE and the LARGE INTESTINE. Etiology includes ISCHEMIA, infections, allergic, and immune responses.
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of humans and animals, the human mouth, and vagina. This organism produces the fermented product, acidophilus milk.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).
A genus of spiral bacteria of the family Brachyspiraceae.
Flies of the species Musca domestica (family MUSCIDAE), which infest human habitations throughout the world and often act as carriers of pathogenic organisms.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A TETRACYCLINE with a 7-chloro substitution.
A slightly acid milk food produced by fermentation due to the combined action of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus.
Substances that are toxic to cells; they may be involved in immunity or may be contained in venoms. These are distinguished from CYTOSTATIC AGENTS in degree of effect. Some of them are used as CYTOTOXIC ANTIBIOTICS. The mechanism of action of many of these are as ALKYLATING AGENTS or MITOSIS MODULATORS.
Porphyrins with four methyl and four propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Elevated levels of Coproporphyrin III in the urine and feces are major findings in patients with HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.
An order of anaerobic, coccoid to rod-shaped methanogens, in the kingdom EURYARCHAEOTA. They are nonmotile, do not catabolize carbohydrates, proteinaceous material, or organic compounds other than formate or carbon monoxide, and are widely distributed in nature.
A superfamily of strongyles or roundworms which are parasites in the intestinal tract of equines, pigs, rodents, and primates (including man). It includes the genera Cyasthostomum, Ransomus, Globocephalus, OESOPHAGOSTOMUM, and STRONGYLUS.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
A genus of protozoa parasitic in the digestive tract of vertebrate or invertebrate hosts. Asexual multiplication is accomplished by transverse binary fission. Its organisms are ovoidal in shape and have a ciliated covering over the entire body.
A family of gram-negative bacteria, in the phylum FIRMICUTES.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.
Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.
A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
Lice of the genus Pediculus, family Pediculidae. Pediculus humanus corporus is the human body louse and Pediculus humanus capitis is the human head louse.
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
Infection by parasites of the genus BALANTIDIUM. The presence of Balantidium in the LARGE INTESTINE leads to DIARRHEA; DYSENTERY; and occasionally ULCER.

Strongyle infections in ponies. I. Response to intermittent thiabendazole treatments. (1/13394)

A group of seven ponies naturally infected with large numbers of small strongyles and raised under conditions to minimize reinfection were treated periodically over a three year span with thiabendazole at the rate of 44 mg/kg body weight. Based on the absence of worm eggs in the feces following each treatment, thiabendazole removed the adult strongyles present with a new population subsequently developing by maturation of inhibited larvae. It took as many as four or five treatments to eliminate or reduce significantly the worm burdens present in the ponies under the conditions of this study. Strongyle eggs started to reappear in the feces about six weeks after treatment and following the first treatment the mean egg counts rose to the pretreatment level. On successive treatments the interval for worm eggs to appear in the feces lengthened and mean egg counts never rose quite as high as immediate pretreatment levels. Hematological changes were not marked, although a small steady increase in the mean hemoglobin values and an equivalent small decrease in the mean eosinophil counts occurred in all ponies following each successive treatment. The study supports the rationale of regular anthelmintic treatment of horses in that even in the absence of reinfection, new burdens of adult worms develop following treatment.  (+info)

Strongyle infections in ponies. II. Reinfection of treated animals. (2/13394)

Five of seven ponies whose strongyle worm burdens had previously been removed or markedly reduced by repeated thiabendazole treatments were reinfected with doses ranging from 100,000 to 500,000 small strongyle infective larvae. Reinfection of ponies resulted in the development of clinical signs characterized by abnormal feces, marked loss of weight and delayed shedding of winter hair coats. An abrupt increase in circulating eosinophils occurred during the first three weeks following reinfection. Patent infections developed in all ponies with worm eggs appearing in the feces from 12 to 15 weeks after receiving infective larvae. Worm egg outputs followed a cyclic pattern with approximately four to five peaks in egg output per year. There was an abrupt drop in the high worm egg counts in two untreated ponies approximately two and a half years after reinfection. No worms were recovered in the feces of these animals when they were subsequently treated, suggesting that a depletion in the number of inhibited larvae present in these ponies might have occurred.  (+info)

Effects of dispersed recreational activities on the microbiological quality of forest surface water. (3/13394)

The microbiological quality of forest surface waters in the Greenwater River watershed was examined to investigate the influence of heavy motorized camping in an area with no sanitary facilities. Indicator densities increased during weekend human-use periods when compared to weekdays. Increases in indicator densities were also noted downstream from heavily used camping areas when compared to upstream sites. Seasonal, weekly, and diurnal fluctuations in indicator densities were observed. This study suggests that potential health hazards exist in this watershed during periods of human use.  (+info)

Fecal coliform elevated-temperature test: a physiological basis. (4/13394)

The physiological basis of the Eijkman elevated-temperature test for differentiating fecal from nonfecal coliforms was investigated. Manometric studies indicated that the inhibitory effect upon growth and metabolism in a nonfecal coliform at 44.5 degrees C involved cellular components common to both aerobic and fermentative metabolism of lactose. Radioactive substrate incorporation experiments implicated cell membrane function as a principal focus for temperature sensitivity at 44.5 degrees C. A temperature increase from 35 to 44.5 degrees C drastically reduced the rates of [14C]glucose uptake in nonfecal coliforms, whereas those of fecal coliforms were essentially unchanged. In addition, relatively low levels of nonfecal coliform beta-galactosidase activity coupled with thermal inactivation of this enzyme at a comparatively low temperature may also inhibit growth and metabolism of nonfecal coliforms at the elevated temperature.  (+info)

Persistent damage to Enterocytozoon bieneusi, with persistent symptomatic relief, after combined furazolidone and albendazole in AIDS patients. (5/13394)

AIM: To investigate morphological changes in Enterocytozoon bieneusi and the duration of symptomatic relief after combination treatment with furazolidone and albendazole in AIDS patients. METHODS: Four severely immunocompromised AIDS patients with symptomatic E bieneusi infection of the gut received an 18 day course of combined furazolidone and albendazole (500 + 800 mg daily). All patients were monitored for parasite shedding in stool by light microscopy at the end of treatment and monthly during follow up. At the end of treatment, duodenal biopsy specimens obtained from three patients were studied by transmission electron microscopy by two pathologists blind to the patients' treatment or clinical outcome. Duodenal biopsy specimens obtained from one of the patients two months after completion of treatment were also studied electronmicroscopically. RESULTS: All patients had long lasting symptomatic relief, with a major decrease--or transient absence--of spore shedding in stools from completion of treatment. After treatment, changes in faecal spores were persistently found by light microscopy in all cases, and there was evidence of both a substantial decrease in the parasite load and ultrastructural damage in the parasite in all biopsy specimens. The treatment was well tolerated, and no patient had clinical or parasitological relapse during follow up (up to 15 months). CONCLUSIONS: The long lasting symptomatic relief observed in all four treated patients correlated with the persistent decrease in parasite load both in tissue and in stool, and with the morphological changes observed in the life cycle of the protozoan. These data suggest that combined treatment with furazolidone and albendazole is active against E bieneusi and may result in lasting remission even in severely immunocompromised patients.  (+info)

Accumulation of astaxanthin all-E, 9Z and 13Z geometrical isomers and 3 and 3' RS optical isomers in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is selective. (6/13394)

Concentrations of all-E-, 9Z- and 13Z- geometrical and (3R,3'R), (3R, 3'S) and (3S,3'S) optical isomers of astaxanthin were determined in rainbow trout liver, gut tissues, kidney, skin and blood plasma to evaluate their body distribution. Two cold-pelleted diets containing predominantly all-E-astaxanthin (36.9 mg/kg astaxanthin, 97% all-E-, 0.4% 9Z-, 1.5% 13Z-astaxanthin, and 1.1% other isomers, respectively) or a mixture of all-E- and Z-astaxanthins (35.4 mg/kg astaxanthin, 64% all-E-, 18.7% 9Z-, 12.3% 13Z-astaxanthin, and 2.0% other isomers, respectively), were fed to duplicate groups of trout for 69 d. Individual E/Z isomers were identified by VIS- and 1H-NMR-spectrometry, and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography. Significantly higher total carotenoid concentration was observed in plasma of trout fed diets with all-E-astaxanthin (P < 0.05). The relative E/Z-isomer concentrations of plasma, skin and kidney were not significantly different among groups, whereas all-E-astaxanthin was higher in intestinal tissues and 13Z-astaxanthin was lower in liver of trout fed all-E-astaxanthin (P < 0.05). The relative amount of hepatic 13Z-astaxanthin (39-49% of total astaxanthin) was higher than in all other samples (P < 0.05). Synthetic, optically inactive astaxanthin was used in all experiments, and the determined dietary ratio between the 3R,3'R:3R, 3'S (meso):3S,3'S optical isomers was 25.3:49.6:25.1. The distribution of R/S-astaxanthin isomers in feces, blood, liver and fillet was similar to that in the diets. The ratio between (3S,3'S)- and (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin in the skin and posterior kidney was ca. 2:1 and 3:1, respectively, regardless of dietary E/Z-astaxanthin composition. The results show that geometrical and optical isomers of astaxanthin are distributed selectively in different tissues of rainbow trout.  (+info)

Sodium requirement of adult cats for maintenance based on plasma aldosterone concentration. (7/13394)

The sodium requirement of adult cats for maintenance was determined using a randomized block design of eight dietary sodium treatments (0.1, 0.4, 0.5, 0.66, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 or 2.0 g Na/kg in a casein-lactalbumin-based purified diet) administered for periods of 4 wk. A total of 35 adult specific-pathogen-free domestic shorthaired cats (26 males and 9 females, 1.5-3 y of age) was given an equilibration diet (2 g Na/kg) for 14 d before assignment (or reassignment) to the treatments. A total of 12 cats (8 males, 4 females) was randomly assigned to the lowest six levels of sodium, and four cats to the highest two sodium levels. Cats consuming the diet containing 0.1 g Na/kg had significantly elevated aldosterone concentration in plasma, and packed cell volume. In addition, these cats exhibited anorexia, body weight loss, reduced urinary specific gravity and sodium excretion, and had a negative sodium balance. However, adult cats did not develop polydypsia and polyuria reported in sodium-deficient kittens. Cats given the diet containing 0.66 g Na/kg did not have an increased packed cell volume, but aldosterone concentration in the plasma was significantly elevated. However, cats given diets containing >/=0.8 g Na/kg had plasma aldosterone concentrations +info)

Serotypes and virulence factors of Escherichia coli strains isolated from dogs and cats. (8/13394)

E. coli strains isolated from urine of dogs and cats with urinary tract infections (UTI) and from feces of healthy one's were serotyped, and the serotypes were correlated with uropathogenic virulence factors. The most prevalent O-serotypes, O4 and O6, were isolated from dogs and cats with UTI. In contrast, O11 and O102 strains were the most frequently found from feces of healthy dogs and cats. Most of type O4 and O6 strains possessed such virulence factors as pil, pap, sfa, hly, and cnf1, while most type O11 and O102 strains pil only or pil and aer. All strains of type O75 possessed afaI and aer. K1 antigen was negative in all strains obtained from UTI.  (+info)

A simplified method for the preparation of faeces sample to be tested for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and other pathogens.. ⇒ Allows for pre-treatment of faeces samples without any weighing step. ⇒ Use in combination with IDMAP: ID Gene™ Paratuberculosis Duplex (IDMAP) PCR kit. Benefits:. ⇒ Rapid: process samples in only 2 minutes. ⇒ Easy-to-use:. ...
Two old people, a man and a woman, walk into a hospital. The doctor says to the old man, Ill need a urine sample, a feces sample, and a blood sample. The old man says, What? So the doctor says it again. Once again the old man says, what? So the doctor yells it, I NEED A URINE SAMPLE, A FECES SAMPLE, AND A BLOOD SAMPLE! With that the old woman turns to the old man and says, He needs a pair of your underwear! ...
Rat Feces - Dealing with poop is horrible whatever animal it comes from, but rat feces is particularly problematic as you will often find these small creatures return to the same site to defecate. This means that once you have identified a rat problem, you will often have a rat latrine with a lot of feces, and it can be a lot of work to clean it up and repair the area, even after you have gone to the trouble of dealing with the rat problem itself. There are a number of precautions that you will need to take in order to be able to deal with rat feces effectively, and it is also very important that you avoid any of the diseases that you can catch from the droppings ...
Effects of Supplementation of Probiotics on the Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Faecal Microflora in Growing-finishing Pigs - Growth Performance;Digestibility;Bacillus;Saccharomyces;Lactic Acid Bacteria;Pigs;
Released in 2016 for the detection of most relevant carbapenemase groups as well as vancomycin resistance markers from pure culture samples, the Amplidiag® CarbaR+VRE diagnostic test is now also validated on stool samples and rectal swabs.. Released in 2016 for the detection of most relevant carbapenemase groups as well as vancomycin resistance markers from pure culture samples, the Amplidiag® CarbaR+VRE diagnostic test is now also validated on stool samples and rectal swabs. The test identifies in one single test the most clinically relevant carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPO) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE).. Learn more about Amplidiag® CarbaR+VRE.. ...
Results: In 2008, 457 faecal samples from 103 horses were collected, with ESBL-producing E. coli identified in 131 samples (28.7, 95% CI 24.6-33.1). In 2017, 314 faecal samples were collected from 74 horses with ESBL-producing E. coli identified in 157 samples (50.0, 95% CI 44.5-55.5). There were 135 and 187 non-duplicate ESBL-producing isolates from 2008 and 2017, respectively. In 2008, 12.6% of isolates belonged to CTX-M-1 group, all carrying blaCTX-M-1, whilst in 2017, 94.1% of isolates were CTX-M-1 group positive and of these 39.2 and 60.8% of isolates carried blaCTX-M-1 and blaCTX-M-15, respectively. In addition, the prevalence of doxycycline, gentamicin and 3rd generation cephalosporin resistance increased significantly from 2008 to 2017 while a decreased prevalence of phenotypic resistance to potentiated sulphonamides was observed ...
If you find rat feces, it is critical that you clean up the fecal matter carefully and address the rodent infestation as quickly as possible. Learn how any why you should.
Usually people take it normal to find the feces of different animals and then they also do not bother anything serious about disposing of the feces. However it should be taken seriously and the finding out of feces and disposing it of are not an easy and germ free matter. Therefore there are special concerns regarding the feces of rodents which should be taken into consideration especially those related to the spreading of germs and the procedure of infestation scattered by the feces and droppings of rodents. If you are having the frequent visits of different kinds of rodents like squirrels, rats, mice and bats, there may be a huge amount of and different kinds of droppings scattered in your attic or other parts of the house. Among the different kinds of droppings, it is important to distinguish and recognize the feces of rats. This will also confirm of the presence of rats in your house. The question is why one should be so much concerned about the rat feces. Basically the feces of rats are ...
Identifying preferences for stool collection devices may help increase uptake rates for colorectal cancer screening via fecal immunochemical test (FIT). This study surveyed satisfaction with different devices utilized to collect stool samples for FIT: a conventional container and a sampling bottle (Eiken OC-Sensor). This cross-sectional study was conducted at the National Cancer Center, Korea. Participants aged 50-74 years who used either a conventional container or a sampling bottle to collect a stool sample for FIT were asked to complete a questionnaire designed to survey their satisfaction with the stool collection process and their intentions to undergo FIT in subsequent screening rounds. In total, 1657 participants (1224 conventional container, 433 sampling bottle) were included for analysis. Satisfaction with the sampling bottle was higher than that with the conventional container (79.9% vs.73.0%, p = 0.005, respectively; aOR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.16-2.00). Participants satisfied with the sampling
Aberrant compositional development of the gut microbiota precedes overweight, offering new possibilities for preventive and therapeutic applications...
Stool culture is a test to identify bacteria in patients with a suspected infection of the digestive tract. A sample of the patients feces is placed in aspecial medium where bacteria is then grown. The bacteria that grow in the culture are identified using a microscope and biochemical tests.. Stool culture is used to identify bacteria or other germs in people with symptoms of stomach or intestinal infection, most often diarrhea. Identificationof the organism is necessary to determine how to treat the patients infection.. Stool culture is only performed if an infection of the digestive tract is suspected. The test has no harmful effects.. Stool culture also may be called fecal culture. To obtain a specimen for culture, the patient is asked to collect a stool sample into a special sterile container that may contain a solution. Specimens may need to be collected on three consecutive days. It is important to return the specimen to the doctorsoffice or the laboratory in the time specified by the ...
Always keep your feces in a readily available spot for throwing. Man sentenced to 40 years in prison tries to fling feces at judge
I once covered myself in feces at my moms job and when I went to wash it off in the sink, I broke the sink and then bruised my chin and arms to make it seem like an accident
lockdown] Crazed, Quarantined Mental Health Experts Recommend Scrawling Everything Will Be Okay In Feces On Wall … While it might not be for everyone, many of my patients find it extremely helpful to walk around their homes and see several giant hearts and cute smiley faces drawn on the wall with nothing but their own vomit. For me, personally, I like to wake up each morning with all 32 of my teeth hammered into the ceiling, arranged to spell you are enough-it really keeps me grounded. ...
Hi, sorry this question may be TMI. My boyfriend and I decided to try out anal sex. Of course prior to anus-to-penis contact, one should train the anus to prevent injuries/pain. We have tried butt-plugs and (flexible) beads, which I had no problem with. However, we recently tried a longer plug (or a solid bead?), and each time I used it, theres a bit of feces on it. It makes me so insecure and just want to avoid it all in all. How can I avoid this problem? It is only with that solid longer bead. Thanks in advance.
At some point youve probably had a crazy landlord, but have you ever had one so crazy theyd smear feces on their face and blame it on you? Source: Miami
At some point youve probably had a crazy landlord, but have you ever had one so crazy theyd smear feces on their face and blame it on you? ...
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It has recently been hypothesised that exposure to livestock constitutes a significant risk factor for diarrhoea and environmental enteric disorder (EED) in young children, which may significantly contribute to undernutrition (Zambrano et al, 2014); however to date very little research has documented the extent of exposure to animal faeces and whether this exposure is associated with child nutritional status in large samples and diverse settings. This study uses data from large-scale nutrition surveys conducted in Ethiopia, Bangladesh, and Vietnam to address three research questions within these quite different socioeconomic contexts: how prevalent are observable animal faeces in household compounds; what factors are most strongly associated with observable animal faeces; and is the presence of animal faeces significantly associated with child height for age, child weight for height, and child morbidity symptoms?. The data for this study are drawn from baseline and endline surveys conducted in ...
A stool analysis is a series of tests done on a stool (feces) sample to help diagnose certain conditions affecting the digestive tract. These conditions can include infection (such as from parasites, viruses, or bacteria), poor nutrient absorption, or cancer. The fully automated feces analyzer makes this workflow easier, safer, and more intelligent without manual effort. It can provide a hygienic detection environment and a simplified workflow. Thoroughly address the discomfort and displeasure caused by the color, odor, and infectivity of stool samples. Make fecal testing safer, more standardized, smarter, more efficient, and more pleasant ...
Cardioprotective Effect of Parawata Shakrit(Fecal matter of Pigeon) in Isoprenaline induced Myocardial Ischaemia in Rabbits. Cardioprotective Effect of Parawata Shakrit Click Above Link To Read full content
People, Animals and their Zoonoses (PAZ) project operates a joint human and animal diagnostic laboratory that receives cattle and pig samples from many locations around the Western Kenya region. Once these samples are received, a number of tests are carried out; some of these tests include kato-katz, McMaster, sedimentation, direct Baerman for faecal samples. Capillary tubes, thin and thick blood smears are processed and examined for haemoparasites, serum is used for diagnosis of brucellosis and stimulation of cells for Mycobacterium bovis tuberculosis before they are sent to the ILRI Nairobi laboratory for a second level of diagnostic testing.. Results from these samples have shown that there is a range of pathogens in circulation among the livestock population in the area. There is a co-infection of parasites in most samples. Various species of worm eggs have been identified on faecal material, including ascaris, trichuris, fasciola, coccidia, strongyles, strongloides, toxocara and monieza. ...
Healthy male subjects are admitted on Day 0. Subjects receive a single oral dose of 14C-labeled YM150 in the morning of Day 1 and remain in the unit for 7 days (6 nights). Blood, plasma, urine and feces samples are collected until 120 hrs after dosing for analysis of 14C-labeled radioactivity, YM150, YM-222714 and other metabolites. Expired air is collected as well for assessment of 14C-radioactivity ...
Rat Poop. How do mouse and rat droppings look like? Learn about the dange of rat droppings. Learn how mouse droppings look like. Call us: 647-496-2211
A non-invasive, stool-based screening test detected 92% of colorectal cancer (CRC), according to a multicenter trial published online in the New England Journal of Medicine.
A doctor in a hospital in Nanchang takes samples of fecal bacteria. (Photo provided by the interviewee). Guangdong hospitals are now collecting feces from healthy people in the name of research, compensating 500 yuan ($74) to every person who donates, The Beijing News reported on March 26.. The hospitals will use the excrement to rebuild the intestinal flora of patients by transplanting fecal bacteria donated by healthy people. The feces are filtered and screened before being given to patients by capsule or through fluid infusion.. Doctors explained that the principle is to use the helpful intestinal bacteria of healthy people to replace the unbalanced bacteria in the stomachs of the ill.. The hospitals require that volunteers must not have an infection and must not have taken antibiotics in the last three months. Doctors are also studying the use of human excrement in the treatment of heart disease and diabetes.. ...
Containers, PP Material VOL.30ml, find complete details about Containers, PP Material VOL.30ml, Leak-proof Supplied with or without scale label Attached spoon optional suitable for feces sample - Citotest Labware Manufacturing Co.,Ltd
Hi! Just a general question how the best way is to thaw samples, on ice? warm by hand? For example serum, tissue of faeces samples, for RNA extraction or for antibodies. What do you think. Does it really matter?. ...
The faeces tube Art. No. 80.623.022) enables clean and easy collection of a defined faeces sample of 1 ml (about 1 g) thanks to the specially shaped faeces scoop and the enclosed spatula. The excess can be removed with the spatula. ...
Your childs doctor may order a stool collection test to check for blood, bacteria, ova, or parasites. Find out how this test is performed and when you can expect the results.
Wheat bran equivalents for faecal bulking (WBEfb) are defined as the gram quantity of wheat bran that would augment faecal bulk to the same extent as a given quantity of a specified food, and its development as a food datum for the dietary management
There are many well-established techniques for recovering parasite stages from feces, ranging from those designed to recover specific diagnostic stages (the Baermann recovers only larvae), to concentration techniques designed to recover as many organisms as possible (flotation and sedimentation). There is, however, no single method that is 100% efficient for all parasite stages, and best results will be obtained by combining two or more techniques. As the zoonotic potential and public health significance of several organisms that commonly parasitize companion animals become more clearly appreciated, a strong argument must be made for reevaluating current veterinary methodologies in an effort to increase test sensitivity. A few relatively simple improvements to protocols for routine ova and parasite examinations will bring most private practices (and reference labs) up to a more acceptable standard.. 1. Always use fresh feces. Older feces may contain eggs, oocysts, and larvae that have developed ...
Brief Answer: Please follow... Detailed Answer: Hi and thank you for asking. You are reporting to have had stomach pain, diarrhea and blood on stools. I need to know if you have fever? The blood was mixed with stools or was a red and fresh stool blood. Otherwise Your symptoms may be related with...
Worms in dog feces are a sure sign of parasitic infestation. Some worms are visible to the eye and others can be seen only in the lab under a microscope. Most dogs have worms residing in various parts of the body, sometimes from birth. Low-level infestations do not usually cause an immediate threat to your dogs health. However, if worms proliferate and the infestation begins to overpower your dogs immune system, he may exhibit other symptoms besides worms in the feces. Without proper treatment, a dog infected with worms may become progressively ill to the point of dying. Different worms affect your dogs body in different ways. Here is what your dog specifically experiences with each type of worm infestation: ...
FELLSMERE, Florida - On Saturday, the manager at the Fellsmere Dairy Queen called police about a man staggering around the store and leaving feces all over the ...
Haemorrhage Dying On A Mass Of Chyme And Rancid Excrement lyrics & video : Down in the Carnal Abbyss... Dying in this putrid place Pale dissected bodies rot... Minced, disembow...
Full disclosure: I dont cruise. The idea of boarding a moveable city and being forced to share every meal for a week with friendly strangers does not sound like fun to me. Add ship morgues, and the fact that U.S.
Rush Limbaugh, Americas Anchorman and Doctor of Democracy, is known as the pioneer of AM radio. Limbaugh revolutionized the media and political landscape with his unprecedented combination o f serious discussion of political, cultural and social issues along with satirical and biting humor.
I am fully aware that this post really has nothing to do with gaming per se, as far as cool tables and random shane things, however it was on my mind this morning. There is far too much of this crap that goes on. And I wanted to state my opinion that I give no shits haha. ...
Husband has finally come to terms with the fact that he has to be changed when using the restroom. I am trying to find a comfortable way for both he and I.
The community of bacteria present in the human gut is an important determinant of human health. There has been a wealth of recent studies examining the factors that determine the diversity of the human microbiome and explore the nature of the interactions occurring between the host and its microbiome. Such studies are usually based on bacteria isolated from biopsy samples or from faecal material.
The mass balance, disposition, and metabolism of paritaprevir were evaluated in four healthy human subjects. After the administration of a single 200-mg oral dose of [14C]paritaprevir, coadministered with a single 100-mg oral dose of ritonavir, the mean total recovery of administered radioactive dose was 96.5%, with recovery in individual subjects ranging from 96.0 to 96.9%. The majority of the administered radioactive dose (87.8%) was excreted in feces. Renal elimination plays a minor role, since the radioactivity recovered in urine accounted for only 8.8% of the dose, indicating that paritaprevir and metabolites are primarily eliminated in humans through hepatobiliary and fecal elimination routes.. Metabolites of paritaprevir in plasma, urine, and feces were profiled using HPLC radioactivity detection, and the structures of metabolites were characterized using HPLC-high-resolution MS. Biotransformation of paritaprevir in humans involves the following: 1) P450-mediated oxidation on the olefinic ...
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Bat is one of the wild animals known to be associated with few diseases unlike other mammals. The diseases are mostly found in the droppings which made it really unacceptable to touch or breathe the droppings. The nutrient reach bat droppings can be highly favorable for fungus growth which made it important for you to try as much as possible to stay away from touching or breathing bat feces. Most of the fungus found in bat feces are airborne and can easily be transmitted to human through breathing the air that come out of the feces ...
28 yrs old Male asked about Stool issues, 1 doctor answered this and 56 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
A stool culture is used to detect the presence of disease-causing bacteria and help diagnose an infection of the digestive system (gastrointestinal, GI tract) when a person has symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramping, and blood or mucus in the stool.
A stool culture is used to detect the presence of disease-causing bacteria and help diagnose an infection of the digestive system (gastrointestinal, GI tract) when a person has symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramping, and blood or mucus in the stool.
I think this is another reason why horse fouling will never take off as a major issue. Lets face it, even I can spot a pile of horse dung at 10 yards (in the dark!). There is no such luck with dog faeces. I have never walked horse dung onto my carpet, how many of our readers can say the same regarding dog mess ...
Learn in-depth information on Osmolality Stool Test, on why the laboratory test is performed, specimen collected, the significance of the results, and its use in diagnosing medical conditions.
A two year toddler in Manchester is facing the prospect of blindness in one of her eyes after she fell down in dog feces at Platt Fields Park.
Feces 100%. Identifiers. IUPAC name. *. poly(allylamine-. co-N,N'-diallyl-1,3-diamino-2-hydroxypropane) ...
FECES!". Dale reached his second quarter-final in the Australian Goldfields Open in three years in the early stages of the 2013 ...
Bowes, Gord (2017-08-17). "Feces Falls? Hikers splash around Albion Falls - but should they?". InsideHalton.com. Retrieved 2020 ...
Ezer, Avital (26 May 2011). "Deer feces. Post Factum". aviezer.livejournal.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. ...
Poep en Plas (Poo and Pee). Uses for feces. Psychotest. Psychological tests. Recycle. Reuse of certain objects. Schimmelgevaar ...
A fecal plug (occasionally known as a tappen) is a large mass of hardened feces produced by a bear during its winter ...
Some dogs may attempt to consume feces. Some consume their own or other dogs' feces; others seem to prefer cat feces (which, ... In the United States it is mainly found in the Mississippi and Ohio River areas, most commonly in bird and bat feces. Signs ... The worm's eggs then pass in the feces, and the cycle begins again. Intestinal worms cause varying degrees of discomfort. ... Parasites, particularly intestinal worms such as hookworms, tapeworms and roundworms, can be transmitted in a dog's feces. Some ...
Feces consist of a plasticine-like material, made up of water, bacteria, lipids, sterols, mucus and fiber. Feces are 75% water ... The amount of feces egested a day varies for any one individual over a period of time. Of dietary constituents, only dietary ... The sequestered bile acids are then excreted in feces. Fermentable fibers e.g., pectin will increase the bacterial mass in the ...
In Wisconsin, McCollum was assigned to analyze cow feed and the animal's milk, blood, feces, and urine for the famous single- ... "Vitamin-Finding Feces Bucket". Wisconsin Historical Society. May 29, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2016. "Babcock, Stephen, 1843- ...
nov., from human feces". Anaerobe. 10 (1): 41-5. doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2003.10.002. PMID 16701499. "Details: DSM-17244". www. ... Anaerofustis stercorihominis was isolated from human feces. Parte, A.C. "Anaerofustis". LPSN. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity, ...
Das Skatol ... (von το σχατος = faeces) ... (Skatole ... (from το σχατος = feces....) Brieger, Ludwig (1879). "Über Skatol" [On ... Skatole occurs naturally in the feces of all species of mammals and birds, and in the bovine rumen. Skatole has been shown to ... It occurs naturally in the feces of mammals and birds and is the primary contributor to fecal odor. In low concentrations, it ... Because this compound is present in feces, it is found in combined sewage overflows (CSO), as streams and lakes containing CSO ...
Scat play: Feces play. Scene: Refers to the setting and participation of a bdsm activity. Sensation play: class of activities ... "Scat" play - Is eating feces safe?". Retrieved 14 November 2021. "BDSM Glossary". Xeromag. Archived from the original on 31 ...
Retrieved 2007-12-13.[dead link] Philipkoski, Kristen (2001-05-01). "Toxic Manure: Endangered Feces?". Wired. Retrieved 2007-12 ... which will reduce the amount of phosphorus in their feces and thereby reduce pollution that makes its way into rivers, lakes, ...
Cat feces (e.g. cat litter): source of Toxoplasma gondii, Bartonella spp. Soil/dust in areas where there is known ... Any oral exposure to feces. Contact with farm animals, especially those with diarrhea: source of Toxoplasma gondii, ...
They are obligate anaerobes first isolated from human feces in the 1980s. Prior to their discovery, they were known as the ... Isolated from Human Feces" (PDF). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 36 (4): 499-501. doi: ...
nov., isolated from canine feces". Anaerobe. 10 (5): 301-307. doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2004.06.004. PMID 16701531. v t e ( ...
When enough urine and/or feces (yellow to brown) are deposited, the overall mixture takes on a green color which indicates that ... Gauvey Herbert, David (2019-02-07). "The Five Families of Feces". New York. Retrieved 2019-02-07. "History". www.polyjohn.com. ...
The mailroom opened mail with gloves for weeks after the cartoon; one was covered in feces. A sexually-threatening letter was ...
Hauschild, A. H. W.; Holdeman, L. V. (1 October 1974). "Clostridium celatum sp.nov., Isolated from Normal Human Feces". ... celatum is a Gram-positive and anaerobic bacterium from the genus Clostridium which has been isolated from human faeces. Parte ...
... which stores feces; the gallbladder, which stores and concentrates bile; the kidneys, which produce urine, the ureters, which ...
... s leave distinctive cubic feces. As wombats arrange these feces to mark territories and attract mates, it is believed ... The adult wombat produces between 80 and 100, 2 cm (0.8 in) pieces of feces in a single night, and four to eight pieces each ... In 2019 the production of cube-shaped wombat feces was the subject of the Ig Nobel Prize for Physics, won by Patricia Yang and ... Sample, Ian (19 November 2018). "Scientists unravel secret of cube-shaped wombat faeces". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 November ...
... in feces; and epileptic seizures. In two psittacines infected iv, the gastrointestinal signs were apparent on day 116 or 126 ...
nov., isolated from human feces". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 69 (8): 2292-2298. doi:10.1099/ijsem. ... rod-shaped bacterium that forms circular colonies and was isolated from human feces. This potentially pathogenic species has ...
Less than 5% is eliminated by the kidneys as desmethyl or N-oxide metabolites; 4% to 8% by feces." A number of the endogenous ... However, 4-8% of an ofloxacin dose is excreted in the feces. This would indicate a small degree of biliary excretion, as well. ...
Cohen, Ariella (March 4, 2006). "Study: Yards feces to canal; Buddy: Developers' poop stinks" (PDF). The Brooklyn Paper. p. 3. ...
"Feces Weight" Park Choong-seon ... "Detective Seo" Seon Woo ... "Knife Scar" Kim Byeong-ok ... "Hairtail" Lee Han-wi ... "Chief ...
nov., isolated from canine feces". Anaerobe. 10 (5): 301-307. doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2004.06.004. PMID 16701531. Type strain of ... non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterium from the genus of Allobaculum which has been isolated from feces from a dog.´ Parte ...
... (FOB) refers to blood in the feces that is not visibly apparent (unlike other types of blood in stool such ... There are four methods in clinical use to test for occult blood in feces. These look at different properties, such as ... In colon cancer screening, using only one sample of feces collected by a doctor performing a digital rectal examination is ... Stool guaiac test for fecal occult blood (gFOBT): - The stool guaiac test involves smearing some feces onto some absorbent ...
Careful disposal of human feces. Monitoring the contacts of balantidiasis patients. Balantidiasis can be treated with ...
Cohen, Ariella (March 4, 2006). "Study: Yards feces to canal; Buddy: Developers' poop stinks" (PDF). The Brooklyn Paper. p. 3. ...
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their seasonal variation in northern Jordan. A total of 21 906 stool samples were collected over a period of 4 years [‎2009-2013]‎ from 5 ...
One of the earliest signs of infection is shedding of the COVID-19 virus in feces, allowing federal officials to keep track of ... One of the earliest signs of infection is shedding of the COVID-19 virus in feces, allowing federal officials to keep track of ... Cite this: CDC Using Viral Particles From Feces to Track COVID-19 - Medscape - Feb 04, 2022. ...
FDA sent a warning letter to Bicooya Cosmetics Limited after inspectors found rodent feces at the companys Zhejiang, China ... FDA sent a warning letter to Bicooya Cosmetics Limited after inspectors found rodent feces at the companys Zhejiang, China ... In the letter, FDA stated that inspectors observed rodent feces in proximity to filling machines, raw materials, and finished ... Violations found during the inspection, which was conducted May 22-25, 2017, included the presence of rodent feces throughout ...
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their seasonal variation in northern Jordan. A total of 21 906 stool samples were collected over a period of 4 years [‎2009-2013]‎ from 5 ...
A Des Moines mom faces additional charges of child endangerment and animal neglect after police discovered feces in her home. ...
We studied the effect of duodenal infusion of donor feces in patients ... ... Duodenal Infusion of Donor Feces for Recurrent Clostridium difficile ... Feces were collected by the donor on the day of infusion and immediately transported to the hospital. Feces were diluted with ... At study termination, 16 patients had been treated with donor-feces infusion. The success rate of donor-feces infusion was ...
... in feces and the need for precautions to prevent orofecal spread in the surroundings of confirmed or suspected cases. ... Is the Live Virus Found in Feces?. In six studies, the virus was isolated from nine patients. In one, the viral particle was ... and feces in g/day. Hospital sewage samples also showed that the virus was present before disinfection and sometimes after ... in feces and the need for precautions to prevent orofecal spread in the surroundings of confirmed or suspected cases. ...
feces on his seat. Dispatch asked the operator if the mess could be. covered adequately so that the operator could bring the ...
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A new way of turning faeces into 3D-printable plastic may solve that problem ... A new method for turning faeces into plastic could come in handy for people living on Mars. ...
Tiger feces have been used to treat boils, hemorrhoids, and alcoholism. Human feces arent left out, either, as they are used ... The two had a struggle in the yard, where her pet dogs feces were patiently lying in wait for the offender. The feces managed ... Rabbits have two sets of feces: soft and hard. The soft feces are small fiber particles, which are fermented in the cecum to ... Two popular coffees are made using animal feces. Kopi Luwak is made from civet cat feces, and Black Ivory is made from elephant ...
2023 Drishtikone - Published with Ghost & Tripoli ...
Police are hunting this woman after a small box of human faeces was left outside an MPs office.The offensive item was found ... Police are hunting this woman after a small box of human faeces was left outside an MPs office.The "offensive item" was found ... CCTV released of suspect after box of faeces left outside MPs office. ...
and it was FECES!. johnny - Posted on October 3, 2019 at 11:00 am ... FHF talk calls with listeners that end with "… and it was FECES!" ...
Feces, in their most basic sense, are waste. But theyre also much more. Such is the museums creed. Some birds, like ... Feces, in their most basic sense, are waste. But theyre also much more. Such is the museums creed. Some birds, like ... Actually, some feces dont decay at all. The exhibit contains a fossilized 200-million-year-old shark excrement. KK.ZOO also ... Actually, some feces dont decay at all. The exhibit contains a fossilized 200-million-year-old shark excrement. KK.ZOO also ...
A Northern Ireland man who tried to turn his own faeces into gold by putting it on an electric heater has been jailed for three ... A Northern Ireland man who tried to turn his own faeces into gold by putting it on an electric heater has been jailed for three ... His Honour Judge McFarland told him: "Rather bizarrely you were attempting to make gold from human faeces and waste products. ...
Hi Josh, It s OK,don t be embarrassed! I m really sorry about the stomach discomfort. Personally I think if your stools are that large though, your colon is emptying out very well. Mine hasn t been lately. Everyone poops, you were brave for getting help for yours. Cheers, Opal
Forumwarz is a free parody role-playing game that takes place on the Internet.
Trio Of Mean Girls Admits Icing High School Classmates Birthday Cake With Human Feces *Comments() * Share ... A subsequent lab test revealed that the cake tested positive for the presence of E. coli, confirming the fact that "feces is ... During questioning by the schools principal, Flores, Mireles, Ortiz, and the minor admitted "that they placed feces on the ... a birthday cake they gave to a high school classmate with human feces. ...
... safe collection of faeces samples using unbreakable polypropylene tubes and a collection scoop integrated into the screw cap. ... How much faeces should the tube be filled with for normal faeces diagnostics?. For each sample, 3-8 ml of faeces (equal to 2-3 ... What material are faeces tubes made from?What material are faeces tubes made from?. The faeces tubes with screw cap consist of ... Faeces tube, screw cap, (LxØ): 76 x 20 mm, white 80.734.401. Faeces tube, white, screw cap, cap: brown, (LxØ) without cap: 76 x ...
The victims have registered their complaints against the accused for forcing them to eat faeces and tonsuring them. ... India All India 18 Feb 2018 Ranchi: Mother, daughter forced to eat faeces for practising witchcraft ... The victims have registered their complaints against the accused for forcing them to eat faeces and tonsuring them. ... The victims have registered their complaints against the accused for forcing them to eat faeces and tonsuring them. ...
... tarry appearing feces, is typically seen due to bleeding in the upper portion of the gastrointestinal tract. Learn more about ... Melena, the term used to describe a black, tarry appearing feces, is typically seen due to bleeding in the upper portion of the ...
Deputies: Ocala woman kept 13-year-old in home with animal urine, feces covering floor. ... Immediately upon arrival into the residence, the deputy said he was hit with a strong odor of urine and feces. He noted that ... multiple animals were throughout the home and that their feces covered the floor. ...
They will dust the surface of the Indian Ocean with artificial whale faeces. ... The squit and the whale: can artificial faeces revive the ocean ecosystem?. ...
Title : Novel Divergent Rhabdovirus in Feces of Red Fox, Spain Personal Author(s) : Bodewes, Rogier;Ruiz-Gonzalez, Aritz; ...
... has refined the estimate of the amount of pressure required by an Adélie penguin to shoot its feces a necessary distance. ... the team had left out an important factor in their calculations-the arc of the flung feces. If the feces were traveling along ... Back in 2003, a different pair of researchers calculated the amount of pressure required by Adélie penguins to shoot feces from ... More information: Projectile Trajectory of Penguins Faeces and Rectal Pressure Revisited, arXiv:2007.00926 [physics.bio-ph] ...
Investigators were able to determine the feces were causing the bacterial infection after she was placed in a room with video ... Indiana woman sentenced to 7 years in jail for injecting feces into sons IV. Son had leukemia at the time ... The Wolcott, Indiana native was arrested and charged in November 2016 after an investigation found she was injecting feces into ...
Critter Control can help if you see prairie dog feces in your yard. ... While prairie dog feces doesnt spread disease, its still undesirable to see in yards. Its also a sign that infestations have ...
  • Waste materials that are saturated (dripping) with bodily fluids (not including diapers soiled with urine or feces. (oregon.gov)
  • People become infected by breathing in dried rodent urine or feces. (cdc.gov)
  • Transmission rates of Yersinia pestis from fleas exposed to soil, fleas exposed to wild flea feces, and control fleas. (ajtmh.org)
  • Yersinia pestis was transmitted by fleas from all three treatments at 24 hours and 72 hours post-infectious feed, but only fleas exposed to soil or wild flea feces transmitted Y. pestis at the 120 hours post-infectious feed. (ajtmh.org)
  • Occasionally, a case may follow inhalation of dried infective flea feces. (haz-map.com)
  • FDA sent a warning letter to Bicooya Cosmetics Limited after inspectors found rodent feces at the company's Zhejiang, China facility. (biopharminternational.com)
  • Violations found during the inspection, which was conducted May 22-25, 2017, included the presence of rodent feces throughout the facility. (biopharminternational.com)
  • In the letter, FDA stated that inspectors observed rodent feces in proximity to filling machines, raw materials, and finished drug products. (biopharminternational.com)
  • Samples of the dead man's hair, saliva , faeces and spinal fluid were tested and results were known on Thursday evening. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Hormones can be measured in various biological source materials: blood, feces, urine, saliva and others. (awionline.org)
  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose, or eyes during and after contact with birds or surfaces that may be contaminated with saliva, mucous or feces from wild or domestic birds/poultry. (cdc.gov)
  • Infected birds shed avian influenza A viruses in their saliva, mucous and feces. (cdc.gov)
  • And even though they have a less developed sense of smell than other animals, humans - hunters and naturalists, at any rate - are also capable of reading into feces. (worldcrunch.com)
  • Scientifically referred to as triatomine bugs, these blood-sucking insects can carry in their feces and pass on to humans the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi that causes Chagas disease, a lifelong infection that takes a heavy toll on community health in poor populations, particularly in El Salvador. (news-medical.net)
  • Humans feces. (bvsalud.org)
  • Epidemiologia, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, CEP transmitted to humans and other mammals through feces and urine eliminated by 01246-904, São Paulo, SP, Brazil infected triatomine bugs. (bvsalud.org)
  • After donor-feces infusion, patients showed increased fecal bacterial diversity, similar to that in healthy donors, with an increase in Bacteroidetes species and clostridium clusters IV and XIVa and a decrease in Proteobacteria species. (nejm.org)
  • He alleged that almost the entire surface-including the floor, ceiling, window, walls, and water faucet-was covered with "massive amounts" of feces that emitted a "strong fecal odor. (techdirt.com)
  • The person can become infected if T. cruzi parasites in the bug feces enter the body through mucous membranes or breaks in the skin. (news-medical.net)
  • Human feces aren't left out, either, as they are used together with the licorice plant to make traditional medicine. (listverse.com)
  • Certain modern treatments involve human feces as well. (listverse.com)
  • Police are hunting this woman after a small box of human faeces was left outside an MP's office.The "offensive item" was found outside Siobhan Baillie's constituency office in Stroud, Gloucestershire Constabulary say.Officers would now like to speak to the woman shown - dressed in pink trousers - in connection with alleged harassment of the Tory MP.CCTV footage shows the woman walking towards Mrs Baillie's office, police say. (yahoo.com)
  • His Honour Judge McFarland told him: "Rather bizarrely you were attempting to make gold from human faeces and waste products. (independent.ie)
  • A trio of Pennsylvania teenagers pleaded guilty this week to "icing" a birthday cake they gave to a high school classmate with human feces. (thesmokinggun.com)
  • Sure, the poop problem may not be quite as bad this year as in the past - after all, 13,856 reports of human or animal waste between Jan. 1 and July 12 is certainly less than the 16,547 reports of feces over the same period last year. (theblaze.com)
  • This kit allows us to work with up to 200mg of human faeces. (durviz.com)
  • Human and animal feces are considered biohazardous waste and should remediated by professionals. (bioonevacaville.com)
  • Associated problems range from litter and illegal campfires to human feces. (k2radio.com)
  • The clashes in the capital of Wellington came a day after police reported that some of the protesters had thrown human feces at them. (japantoday.com)
  • Divergent picobirnaviruses in human feces. (cdc.gov)
  • Vomitus and feces were on the patient's body and clothing. (cdc.gov)
  • All these methods involve using some form of a tube to deliver the feces through the patient's anus and rectum. (listverse.com)
  • A way to get rid of these nasty bacteria is to repopulate the gut of the infected person with the good bacteria, and a sure way to do that is to use the feces of a healthy person . (listverse.com)
  • Cat feces also often contains bacteria and viruses that can cause severe gastrointestinal illness, such as salmonella and E. coli, as well as hookworms and roundworms. (sfgate.com)
  • The cosmetics seized during that bust were tested and officials found high levels of bacteria, including traces of animal feces and urine. (fox6now.com)
  • Researchers again found high levels of bacteria and feces in the cosmetics seized in Thursday's raid. (fox6now.com)
  • The study evaluated the total number of seedlings in the stool, the lengths of roots and aerial parts, as well as the natural and dry seedling weight thirty days after the disposal of the faeces in the greenhouse. (scirp.org)
  • or pass small amounts of watery feces. (vetstreet.com)
  • For all of the isomers, elimination is rapid and mainly occurs as glucuronic acid conjugates via urine, minor amounts via faeces. (europa.eu)
  • One of the earliest signs of infection is shedding of the COVID-19 virus in feces, allowing federal officials to keep track of early trends at the community level, said Amy Kirby, PhD, program lead for the surveillance system. (medscape.com)
  • We studied the effect of duodenal infusion of donor feces in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection. (nejm.org)
  • The infusion of donor feces was significantly more effective for the treatment of recurrent C. difficile infection than the use of vancomycin. (nejm.org)
  • Infusion of feces from healthy donors has been reported as an effective treatment for recurrent C. difficile infection in more than 300 patients. (nejm.org)
  • In this study, donor feces were infused in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection and compared with conventional 14-day vancomycin treatment, with and without bowel lavage. (nejm.org)
  • Investigators were able to determine the feces were causing the bacterial infection after she was placed in a room with video surveillance and hospital staff saw her using a syringe to inject something into the IV. (fox13now.com)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Feces. (who.int)
  • A New Jersey man arrested for harassing and yelling racial slurs at neighbors also smeared feces on their windows and threw rocks with threatening notes, prosecutors argued in court Wednesday. (nbcphiladelphia.com)
  • He smeared feces on their windows, shot out one neighbor's car window with a slingshot and used rocks with threatening notes attached to smash the windows of neighbors of color, prosecutors said. (nbcphiladelphia.com)
  • Chung Kim killed two neighbors who continuously washed feces from their upstairs balcony onto his. (giantrobot.com)
  • People should avoid unprotected exposure to sick or dead birds, bird feces, litter, or materials contaminated with suspected or confirmed HPAI H5 viruses. (cdc.gov)
  • All recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) should be worn when in direct or close contact (within about 6 feet) with sick or dead poultry, poultry feces, litter or materials contaminated with suspected or confirmed HPAI H5 viruses. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC environmental engineer Mia Mattioli samples cattle feces during an outbreak of E. coli at a nearby lettuce farm in California. (cdc.gov)
  • Immediately upon arrival into the residence, the deputy said he was hit with a strong odor of urine and feces. (wftv.com)
  • For some animals, droppings also act as a genuine social network: They use feces to signify their presence, mark their territory, or look for a sexual partner. (worldcrunch.com)
  • A subsequent lab test revealed that the cake tested positive for the presence of E. coli, confirming the fact that "feces is present in the cake. (thesmokinggun.com)
  • Is the Live Virus Found in Feces? (news-medical.net)
  • The Wolcott, Indiana native was arrested and charged in November 2016 after an investigation found she was injecting feces into her son's IV at Riley Children's Hospital, which caused bacterial infections and sepsis. (fox13now.com)
  • When people get infected with COVID-19, pieces of the virus can be found in feces. (cdc.gov)
  • Taylor stated that the prison officials were aware that the cell was covered in feces, but instead of cleaning it, Cortez, Davison, and Hunter laughed at Taylor and remarked that he was "going to have a long weekend. (techdirt.com)
  • Hygienic, safe collection of faeces samples using unbreakable polypropylene tubes and a collection scoop integrated into the screw cap. (sarstedt.com)
  • Are faeces tubes suitable for shipping samples? (sarstedt.com)
  • Yes, all faeces tubes with screw cap meet the general requirements regarding the shipping of diagnostic samples. (sarstedt.com)
  • The sampling method is two pair of sock samples (feces samples) pooled to one sample," she told Food Safety News . (foodsafetynews.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: A new technic for counting Schistosoma japonicum eggs in pig feces. (who.int)
  • An improved laboratory method was developed for counting Schistosoma japonicum eggs in pig feces, which involves filtration, sedimentation and centrifugation, but avoids toxic chemicals. (who.int)
  • The clinical presentation is highly variable, in the feces, but the eggs accumulate in making its diagnosis a challenge, symptoms the arterioles that irrigate the affected such as malaise and myalgias are usually tissue4. (bvsalud.org)
  • We eat, and then our body breaks down what we ate, absorbs wanted nutrients, and gets rid of the unwanted residue as sweat, urine, and feces. (listverse.com)
  • It was the smell of sweat, urine and feces. (bainbridgereview.com)
  • The best performance for the total number of seedlings in the faeces of cattle was observed in the kudzu species. (scirp.org)
  • For the pigs, though, it's the ultimate delight, and they are quite content to spend every moment of their lives rolling in it and rooting around in it for a bit of garbage to eat-garbage well seasoned with mud, feces, and urine. (authorhouse.com)
  • The 3 remaining patients received a second infusion with feces from a different donor, with resolution in 2 patients. (nejm.org)
  • Later, the rubber hand was smeared with fake feces, while the patients' right hand was dabbed with a damp paper towel. (organicfacts.net)
  • The faeces tubes with screw cap consist of a PP (polypropylene) tube, a PS (polystyrene) scoop and a PE (polyethylene) lid. (sarstedt.com)
  • No. 80.9924.014 & 80.9924.027), made from robust white polypropylene with integrated faeces scoop in the brown screw cap, are primarily used in pathology. (sarstedt.com)
  • No. 80.623.022) enables clean and easy collection of a defined faeces sample of 1 ml (about 1 g) thanks to the specially shaped faeces scoop and the enclosed spatula. (sarstedt.com)
  • Wearing rubber gloves and a dust mask, use a shovel to scoop up any feces as well as the surrounding soil. (sfgate.com)
  • Illness-causing parasites such as Toxoplasma gondii exist in the feces of infected cats and can cause miscarriages in pregnant women, as well as serious illness in immunocompromised individuals and children, according to the Alameda County Master Gardener Program . (sfgate.com)
  • Once infected, the bugs pass T. cruzi parasites in their feces. (news-medical.net)
  • Cat feces in garden soil is not only unpleasant to smell when working in the vegetable patch, it's also potentially dangerous. (sfgate.com)
  • Cite this: CDC Using Viral Particles From Feces to Track COVID-19 - Medscape - Feb 04, 2022. (medscape.com)
  • People with robust immune systems may suffer few, if any, ill effects from casual contact with cat feces, but that's not the case for everyone. (sfgate.com)
  • Using the spoon, select different sites of the faeces, preferably blood, mucus or pus. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • The billion-dollar industry is primarily clustered in the eastern part of the state, where hog farms collect billions of gallons of untreated pig feces and urine in what are essentially cesspools, then dispose of the waste by spraying it into the air. (all-creatures.org)
  • Feces and garbage filling its once-fabled streets as homelessness and drugs run rampant. (theblaze.com)
  • A pair of researchers, one with Kochi University, the other Katsurahama Aquarium, both in Japan, has refined the estimate of the amount of pressure required by an Adélie penguin to shoot its feces a necessary distance. (phys.org)
  • Back in 2003, a different pair of researchers calculated the amount of pressure required by Adélie penguins to shoot feces from their cloaca to account for the distance it traveled. (phys.org)
  • In this new effort, the researchers noted that in the first study, the team had left out an important factor in their calculations-the arc of the flung feces. (phys.org)
  • During the process, it was possible to observe the improvement on the aggressive symptoms and the remission of the rituals with the feces. (bvsalud.org)
  • The Blue Diversion Autarky Toilet consists of four modules: one each for urine, faeces and flushing water, and the "user interface", consisting of a basin, a urinal, and a urine-separating toilet. (eawag.ch)
  • Feces, in their most basic sense, are waste. (worldcrunch.com)
  • During the process, it is useful if waste streams such as urine, faeces, and if necessary, flushing water are collected separately. (eawag.ch)
  • The solution to this could lie in a rubber-made fake hand and fake feces, according to the results of a recent experiment. (organicfacts.net)
  • These animals' feces are used for a lot of problems, such as gonorrhea, keloids, barrenness, and miscarriages as well as for spiritual strength and powers. (listverse.com)
  • He noted that multiple animals were throughout the home and that their feces covered the floor. (wftv.com)
  • After the start of the dispersion, the faeces of the animals were collected every 6 hours, in a total of 72 hours, being taken to the greenhouse immediately after each collection. (scirp.org)
  • Chin, now an associate professor of geological science at the University of Colorado, Boulder, has specialized in fossilized feces for more than 20 years, driven by their unique potential to reveal extinct ecosystems and to show animals' places in those webs of life. (nautil.us)
  • It's common for chickens, ducks, and other poultry to carry Salmonella, which is a type of germ that naturally lives in the intestines of many animals and is shed in their droppings or feces. (cdc.gov)
  • If the feces were traveling along an arc as it left a trail on the ground, it would have to cover more distance,w hich was not included in the original calculations. (phys.org)
  • N.J. man brutally beaten by correctional officers, left in own feces, lawsuit alleges. (nj.com)
  • When he was allegedly attacked a second time within a day or two of the first incident, he suffered "catastrophic injuries that left him in an unresponsive and catatonic state" in a prison cell covered in his own feces, urine and vomit, according to the lawsuit. (nj.com)
  • RSR: study conception, Costa Rica es el país que se considera más endémico, se ha evidenciado en distintas revisiones que la mayoría de los manuscript design, literature casos se presentan en niños y personas del sexo masculino. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cats are also creatures of habit that will habitually return to the same place over and over again, which can quickly lead to a massive buildup of feces if the situation isn't monitored and abated. (sfgate.com)
  • Evolution has stepped in to solve the problem for the penguins-when they need to defecate, they point their body away from the nest, lift their tail, and shoot their feces away from the nest , leaving a colored trail. (phys.org)
  • However, they will hold urine and feces on the floor of the trap, requiring cleaning. (icwdm.org)
  • And he couldn't drink water, because feces were "packed inside the water faucet. (techdirt.com)
  • The victims have registered their complaints against the accused for forcing them to eat faeces and tonsuring them. (asianage.com)
  • A new method for turning faeces into plastic could come in handy for people living on Mars . (newscientist.com)