Sapovirus: A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE associated with worldwide sporadic outbreaks of GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The first recorded outbreak was in human infants in Sapporo, Japan in 1977. The genus is comprised of a single species, Sapporo virus, containing multiple strains.Caliciviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Norovirus: A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.Caliciviridae: A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.Orphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Rotavirus: A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.JapanAntidiarrheals: Miscellaneous agents found useful in the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea. They have no effect on the agent(s) that cause diarrhea, but merely alleviate the condition.Fluid Therapy: Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.Dehydration: The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.Rehydration Solutions: Fluids restored to the body in order to maintain normal water-electrolyte balance.Rotavirus Infections: Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.ArchivesHemorrhagic Disease Virus, Rabbit: A species in the genus LAGOVIRUS which causes hemorrhagic disease, including hemorrhagic septicemia, in rabbits.Calicivirus, Feline: A species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting cats. Transmission occurs via air and mechanical contact.Organic Chemistry Processes: The reactions, changes in structure and composition, the properties of the reactions of carbon compounds, and the associated energy changes.Norwalk virus: The type species in the genus NOROVIRUS, first isolated in 1968 from the stools of school children in Norwalk, Ohio, who were suffering from GASTROENTERITIS. The virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein. Multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.Vesivirus: A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE comprised of species infecting a wide range of organisms. Most members of this genus can be readily propagated in cell culture (as opposed to other genera of Caliciviridae). The type species is VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE VIRUS.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Groundwater: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.IndiaBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Kobuvirus: A genus in the family PICORNAVIRIDAE whose type species Aichi virus, causes gastroenteritis in humans.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.RNA Replicase: An enzyme that catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 3'- end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a time, and can initiate a chain de novo. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p293)RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Nucleocapsid Proteins: Viral proteins found in either the NUCLEOCAPSID or the viral core (VIRAL CORE PROTEINS).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Poly A: A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.BrazilStomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.Hand Disinfection: The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Soaps: Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.Stomach Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
Sapovirus. Humans; swine. Intestinal epithelium. Cell receptor endocytosis. Lysis. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm. Oral-fecal ... Sapovirus, Norovirus, and Vesivirus have been detected in pigs, making this animal species of particular interest in the study ... Transmission routes are fecal-oral.[3]. Genus. Host details. Tissue tropism. Entry details. Release details. Replication site. ... Sapovirus. Icosahedral. T=3. Non-enveloped. Linear. Monopartite Norovirus. Icosahedral. T=1, T=3. Non-enveloped. Linear. ...
Sapovirus, Norovirus and Vesivirus have been detected in pigs, making this animal species of particular interest in the study ... Transmission routes are fecal-oral. Calicivirus infections commonly cause acute gastroenteritis, which is the inflammation of ... Norwalk virus Genus Sapovirus; type species: Sapporo virus Genus Vesivirus; type species: Vesicular exanthema of swine virus ... Sapovirus Sapporo virus Genus: Vesivirus Feline calicivirus Vesicular exanthema of swine virus Two additional genera have been ...
... is spread via the fecal/oral route. Infected individuals expel more than 10 9 {\displaystyle 10^{9}} particles/gram ... The virus is transmitted through oral/fecal contact. Sapovirus most commonly occurs in children and infants and therefore is ... This can be used to "partially characterize the Sapovirus and investigate the similarity of the detected Sapovirus." " ... Norovirus is most commonly associated with sapovirus. Norovirus and sapovirus genomes are very closely related, the distinction ...
Most of the bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that contaminate well water comes from fecal material from humans and other ... Common viral contaminants include norovirus, sapovirus, rotavirus, enteroviruses, and hepatitis A and E. Parasites include ...
Transmission routes are fecal-oral. Astroviruses have a genome composed of a single strand of positive sense RNA. The strand ... Yoneda, Masaki (2017). "Epidemiological Characteristics of Sapovirus and Human Astrovirus Detected among Children in Nara ... 2011). "The Fecal Viral Flora of Wild Rodents". PLoS Pathog. 7 (9): e1002218. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1002218. PMC 3164639 . ... Presence of viral particles in fecal matter and in epithelial intestinal cells indicate that the virus replicates in the ...
Common viral contaminants include norovirus, sapovirus, rotavirus, enteroviruses, and hepatitis A and E. Parasites include ... Most of the bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that contaminate well water comes from fecal material from humans and other ... Waterborne diseases can be spread via a well which is contaminated with fecal pathogens from pit latrines ...
21 outbreaks were caused by sapovirus. Of these, 71% were caused by sapovirus genogroup IV and 66% occurred in long-term care ... We tested fecal samples from 93 norovirus-negative gastroenteritis outbreaks; ... Defining a sapovirus outbreak in this study as ,1 sapovirus-positive fecal sample, 21 (23%) of the 93 norovirus-negative ... Four (19%) of 21 sapovirus outbreaks were caused by sapovirus GI, 1 (5%) by sapovirus GII, 15 (71%) by sapovirus GIV, and 1 (5 ...
Sapovirus is spread via the fecal/oral route. Infected individuals expel more than 10 9 {\displaystyle 10^{9}} particles/gram ... The virus is transmitted through oral/fecal contact. Sapovirus most commonly occurs in children and infants and therefore is ... This can be used to "partially characterize the Sapovirus and investigate the similarity of the detected Sapovirus." " ... Norovirus is most commonly associated with sapovirus. Norovirus and sapovirus genomes are very closely related, the distinction ...
We tested fecal samples from 93 norovirus-negative gastroenteritis outbreaks; 21 outbreaks were caused by sapovirus. Of these, ... Sapovirus Outbreaks in Long-Term Care Facilities, Oregon and Minnesota, USA, 2002-2009 ... 71% were caused by sapovirus genogroup IV and 66% occurred in long-term care facilities. Future investigation of gastroente... ...
A total of 437 fecal samples were collected from hospitalized children less than five years old with acute diarrhea, viral and ... Sudan.A total of 437 fecal samples were collected from hospitalized children less than five years old with acute diarrhea, ... Sapovirus and astrovirus in fecal samples using reverse transcription single-round multiplex PCR. J. Virol. Methods 114, 37-44 ... A total of 437 fecal samples comprising of 276 boys and 161 girls, whom mostly live in rural area, were collected in a clean, ...
A total of 921 fecal specimens collected from 44 infants in a day care center (DCC) in Tokyo, Japan during June 1999 to July ... 2000 were tested for the presence of rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus, astro ... Phan, TG, Okame, M, Tuan, AN, Nishio, O, Okitsu, S, Ushijima, H 2005Genetic diversity of sapovirus in fecal specimens from ... Yan, H, Yagyu, F, Okitsu, S, Nishio, O, Ushijima, H 2003Detection of norovirus (GI, GII), sapovirus and astrovirus in fecal ...
Bacterial gastroenteritis is a noninflammatory diarrhea; fecal specimens do NOT contain significant numbers of fecal leukocytes ... Sapovirus is a naked positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus with an icosahedral symmetry (Sapporo virus). The Astroviruses ... Transmitted by fecal-oral route person-to-person, contact with contaminated surfaces or fomites and ingestion of contaminated ... The most common mode of transmission of rotavirus is via the fecal-oral route. The virus is stable in the environment, and ...
"A confirmation of sapovirus re-infection gastroenteritis cases with different genogroups and genetic shifts in the evolving ... sapovirus genotypes, 2002-2011, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research ... Quantitative analysis of fecal sapovirus shedding: identification of nucleotide substitutions in the capsid protein during ... Cross-reactivity among sapovirus recombinant capsid proteins. Hansman, GS; Natori, K; Oka, T; Ogawa, S; Tanaka, K; Nagata, N; ...
Detection of norovirus (GI, GII), Sapovirus and astrovirus in fecal samples using reverse transcription single-round multiplex ... A nosocomial sapovirus-associated outbreak of gastroenteritis in adults. Johansson, PJ; Bergentoft, K; Larsson, PA; Magnusson, ... Genetic diversity of sapovirus in non-hospitalized adults with sporadic cases of acute gastroenteritis in Shanghai, China ... Development of RT- multiplex PCR assay for detection of adenovirus and group A and C rotaviruses in diarrheal fecal specimens ...
Sapovirus, Norovirus and Vesivirus have been detected in pigs, making this animal species of particular interest in the study ... Transmission routes are fecal-oral. Calicivirus infections commonly cause acute gastroenteritis, which is the inflammation of ... Norwalk virus Genus Sapovirus; type species: Sapporo virus Genus Vesivirus; type species: Vesicular exanthema of swine virus ... Sapovirus Sapporo virus Genus: Vesivirus Feline calicivirus Vesicular exanthema of swine virus Two additional genera have been ...
YamashitaYOotsukaYKondoROsetoMDoiM 2010 Molecular characterization of Sapovirus detected in a gastroenteritis outbreak at a ... The Fecal Viral Flora of Wild Rodents * HTLV-1 Propels Thymic Human T Cell Development in "Human Immune System" Rag2 gamma c ... The Fecal Viral Flora of Wild Rodents * The General Transcriptional Repressor Tup1 Is Required for Dimorphism and Virulence in ... Two fecal specimens had large number of PBV-like reads that assembled into nearly full-length RdRp for two strains, M-58 (house ...
Sapovirus. Humans; swine. Intestinal epithelium. Cell receptor endocytosis. Lysis. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm. Oral-fecal ... Sapovirus, Norovirus, and Vesivirus have been detected in pigs, making this animal species of particular interest in the study ... Transmission routes are fecal-oral.[3]. Genus. Host details. Tissue tropism. Entry details. Release details. Replication site. ... Sapovirus. Icosahedral. T=3. Non-enveloped. Linear. Monopartite Norovirus. Icosahedral. T=1, T=3. Non-enveloped. Linear. ...
Table 1 List of primers for the detection of norovirus and sapovirus. Primer. Functiona. Sequence (5΄ to 3΄). Size (bp). ... Transmission is predominantly faecal-oral but may be airborne due to aerosolisation of vomitus, which typically contains ... A second genus, Sapovirus, also causes gastroenteritis in humans. Man is the only known host for these two genera. Noroviruses ... Norovirus and Sapovirus, p.191-198. In McIver, C. J. (ed.). 2005. A compendium of laboratory diagnostic methods for common and ...
In our study, in two fecal samples from hospitalized children, Aichi virus was the only microbiological agent detected among ... Group A rotaviruses, human caliciviruses including Norovirus and Sapovirus, adenoviruses, and astroviruses have been recognized ... Isolation and molecular characterization of Aichi viruses from fecal specimens collected in Japan, Bangladesh, Thailand, and ... another study reported the presence of the virus in 28 of 912 fecal specimens from adults and children with diarrhea in Japan, ...
A total of 276 fecal specimens (previously screened for rotavirus, adenovirus, norovirus, sapovirus and astrovirus-negative) ...
No co-infection with norovirus, sapovirus or adenovirus was detected in the picobirnavirus positive cases. No co-infection with ... were detected from 1999 to 2003 in faecal specimens of acute watery diarrhoea cases, largely children (n=20) and an adult in ...
Most of the bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that contaminate well water comes from fecal material from humans and other ... Common viral contaminants include norovirus, sapovirus, rotavirus, enteroviruses, and hepatitis A and E. Parasites include ...
... isolated from the enteric tracts or fecal specimens of infected animals, within the genera Norovirus and Sapovirus, ... genus Sapovirus) (42) and SMSV serotype 4 (SMSV4; genus Vesivirus) (40), were chosen to allow us to examine possible structural ... Sapovirus, Lagovirus, and Vesivirus (16). In this classification, which is based on genome organization and sequence ... Sapovirus, and Vesivirus, respectively. A comparative analysis of these structures was performed with that of the recombinant ...
Yan H, Yagyu F, Okitsu S, Nishio O, Ushijima H. Detection of norovirus (GI, GII), sapovirus and astrovirus in fecal samples ... Fecal samples in the GEMS study were delivered to the laboratory in cold containers (see Kotloff et al in this supplement). ... I. Fecal specimens. J Bacteriol. 1964;88:96-8. [PMC free article] [PubMed] ... Conventional Fecal Microbiology. The GEMS protocol included conventional bacterial culture, primarily so that pure growth of ...
The Cowden strain of porcine enteric calicivirus (PEC), a sapovirus, was discovered in a diarrheic pig fecal sample in the US ... The virus family Caliciviridae contains four genera Norovirus, Sapovirus, Lagovirus and Vesivirus. Norovirus and sapovirus ... Viruses in three of the four established genera of the family Caliciviridae have been detected in pigs (Sapovirus, Norovirus ... Sapovirus, Lagovirus and Vesivirus. They are ubiquitous in the environment and are a major cause of disease in humans and many ...
The Cowden strain of porcine enteric calicivirus (PEC), a sapovirus, was discovered in a diarrheic pig fecal sample in the US ... The virus family Caliciviridae contains four genera Norovirus, Sapovirus, Lagovirus and Vesivirus. Norovirus and sapovirus ... Viruses in three of the four established genera of the family Caliciviridae have been detected in pigs (Sapovirus, Norovirus ... Caliciviruses are positive-sense, single stranded RNA viruses containing four recognized genera: Norovirus, Sapovirus, ...
Detection of norovirus (GI, GII), sapovirus and astrovirus in fecal samples using reverse transcription single-round multiplex ... I. Fecal specimens. J Bacteriol. 1964. 88. 96. 8. 14197911. 2. Wells. JG. Morris. GK. Evaluation of transport methods for ... in fecal specimens. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002. 43. 283. 8. 12151188. 15. Gaafar. MR. Evaluation of enzyme immunoassay ... Fecal samples in the GEMS study were delivered to the laboratory in cold containers (see Kotloff et al in this supplement). ...
... fecal indicators, Dientamoeba fragilis, FECAL INDICATOR BACTERIA, TIME PCR ASSAYS, GASTROENTERITIS OUTBREAK, CRYPTOSPORIDIUM- ... Two Drinking Water Outbreaks Caused by Wastewater Intrusion Including Sapovirus in Finland. / Kauppinen, Ari; Pitkanen, Tarja; ... Two Drinking Water Outbreaks Caused by Wastewater Intrusion Including Sapovirus in Finland. International Journal of ... title = "Two Drinking Water Outbreaks Caused by Wastewater Intrusion Including Sapovirus in Finland", ...
21 outbreaks were caused by sapovirus. Of these, 71% were caused by sapovirus genogroup IV and 66% occurred in long-term care ... We tested fecal samples from 93 norovirus-negative gastroenteritis outbreaks; ... Microbiology of 21 sapovirus outbreaks, Oregon and Minnesota, USA, 2003-2009*. State. Outbreak no.. Fecal samples, no.. ... Sapovirus Outbreaks in Long-Term Care Facilities, Oregon and Minnesota, USA, 2002-2009 Lore E. Lee. , Elizabeth A. Cebelinski, ...
Sapovirus. Fecal-oral: drinking water. Peak observed mainly in the cold season ... 3.8% in fecal gastroenteritis samples. Bozkurt et al., 2015; Lee et al., 2013; Rimoldi et al., 2011; Rockx et al., 2002; Torner ... 16.2 to 42.8% in fecal gastroenteritis samples. Atmar et al., 2008; Bozkurt et al., 2015; Kaplan et al., 1982; Lee et al., 2013 ... 22.1% coxsackievirus in fecal gastroenteritis samples. Bozkurt et al., 2015; Melnick and Rennick, 1980; Khetsuriani et al., ...
  • 15. Bucardo F, Reyes Y, Svensson L, Nordgren J. Predominance of norovirus and sapovirus in Nicaragua after implementation of universal rotavirus vaccination. (fiocruz.br)
  • Predominant fecal-oral route of transmission and low infective dose of rotavirus increases the risks of spreading of this infection in child care centers and children's hospitals. (scirp.org)
  • Los rotavirus son un importante agente de diarrea en lechones, principalmente durante el amamantamiento y el pos destete con gravedad. (iec.gov.br)
  • El objetivo de este estudio fue el de identificar los genotipos G y P de rotavirus obtenidos de lechones de cinco criaderos en Belém, Estado de Pará, Norte de Brasil. (iec.gov.br)
  • Este estudio mostró la circulación de los rotavirus en rebaños porcinos en la región metropolitana de Belém, en la Región Norte. (iec.gov.br)
  • Four four of the five groups (GI, GII, GIV, GV) can infect humans and these four groups correspond to the four antigenically distinct strains of sapovirus: Sapporo, Houston, London, and Stockholm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sapovirus' genome is organized into two (possibly three) well known open reading frames (ORFs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Picobirnaviruses (PBVs) with bisegmented small RNA genome profile (1.75 and 1.55kbp for segment 1 and 2, respectively) were detected from 1999 to 2003 in faecal specimens of acute watery diarrhoea cases, largely children (n=20) and an adult in Kolkata, India. (nih.gov)
  • The sapovirus genome contains 2 open reading frames (ORFs). (cdc.gov)
  • Complete genome sequence of a sapovirus from a child in Zhejiang, China. (fiocruz.br)
  • Results of fecal swab analyses for PEDV genome, serum antibodies against PEDV, and immunohistochemistry were negative for all pigs, regardless of diet fed. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • Other forms of transmission include the excessive handling of foods by an infected individual (this most commonly occurs in a restaurant setting), consumption of shell fish that lived in waters contaminated with infected fecal matter, and the ingestion of water that has been contaminated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sapovirus cannot be treated with antibiotics because it is not a bacterial infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • A confirmation of sapovirus re-infection gastroenteritis cases with different genogroups and. (deepdyve.com)
  • To eliminate the possibility of co-infection of 2 different sapovirus genotypes, to localize the potential recombination site, and to understand a possible recombination mechanism of recombinant sapovirus, flanking polymerase and capsid regions, with their junction of HU/5862/Osaka/JP, were amplified with primers P290 and SLV5749 to produce a 1,162-bp product ( 5 , 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Even though many molecular epidemiologic studies on sapovirus infection have been performed worldwide, reports documenting recombination in sapovirus are still limited. (cdc.gov)
  • Molecular diversity of sapovirus infection in outpatients living in Nanjing, China (2011-2013). (fiocruz.br)
  • Research findings by a group of scientists led by the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW) describe for the first time, sapovirus infection in African wild carnivores in the Serengeti ecosystem, including the spotted hyena, the African lion and the bat-eared fox. (theinformant.cl)
  • Currently, little is known about sapovirus infection in wildlife and before this study, nothing was known about sapovirus infection in wild carnivores in Africa. (theinformant.cl)
  • Results of the study, which was based in the Serengeti ecosystem in northern Tanzania, describes for the first time sapovirus infection in African wild carnivores, including the spotted hyena, the African lion and the bat-eared fox. (theinformant.cl)
  • Rotaviruses are transmitted primarily via fecal-oral route, through person-to-person contact and are shed in high concentrations. (mdpi.com)
  • Infections in the large intestine can cause diarrhea and can result in an invasive and inflammatory disease called dysentery (small fecal volume with mucus and blood) (Table SI-1). (atsu.edu)
  • Sapoviruses are transmitted by the faecal-oral route and considered a major risk to human health. (theinformant.cl)
  • Sapoviruses (SaVs) were detected using published sapovirus (SaV)-specific primers and Taqman probes in a two-step real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Besides the fecal-oral transmission route, Human NoVs display high antigenic and genetic diversity, with over 25 genotypes within at least three genogroups (GI, II, IV). (jcvi.org)
  • EM can be used to observe NoV in stool samples but its sensitivity is limited because the virus can be shed in low numbers and may be missed unless immune EM is performed or faecal specimens are concentrated by ultracentrifugation. (health.gov.au)
  • RNA was extracted from all faecal suspensions and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the NoV-polymerase partial region was performed as a trial test. (fiocruz.br)