Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.United StatesSmall-Area Analysis: A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Cultural Deprivation: The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.CaliforniaSocial Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.ChicagoOwnership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Rhode IslandSex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Vital Statistics: Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Sociology, Medical: The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.WalesNorth CarolinaNeglected Diseases: Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).EnglandMedically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.MissouriLongitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.BrazilPsychosocial Deprivation: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Topography, Medical: The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Catastrophic Illness: An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.New York CityEmigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.GeorgiaMassachusettsMichiganCause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.FloridaConservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.IndiaInsurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Quebec: A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Southeastern United States: The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Crowding: An excessive number of individuals, human or animal, in relation to available space.Racism: Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.Partnership Practice, Dental: A voluntary contract between two or more dentists who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Multilevel Analysis: The statistical manipulation of hierarchically and non-hierarchically nested data. It includes clustered data, such as a sample of subjects within a group of schools. Prevalent in the social, behavioral sciences, and biomedical sciences, both linear and nonlinear regression models are applied.Environment Design: The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Los AngelesSociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Suburban Population: The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.RestaurantsNational Center for Health Statistics (U.S.): A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.TexasHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Maps as Topic: Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Noma: A severe gangrenous process occurring predominantly in debilitated and malnourished children, especially in underdeveloped countries. It typically begins as a small vesicle or ulcer on the gingiva that rapidly becomes necrotic and spreads to produce extensive destruction of the buccal and labial mucosa and tissues of the face, which may result in severe disfigurement and even death. Various bacteria have been implicated in the etiology. (Dorland, 27th ed)History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Cities: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.BangladeshCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Space-Time Clustering: A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Building Codes: Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Human Development: Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Electric Wiring: An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.BostonEnvironmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Costa RicaHealth Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)South CarolinaHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.MexicoFamily: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Fast Foods: Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.Great BritainHistory of NursingCluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.New YorkModels, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
About 12.8% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 5.6 ... According to the United States Census Bureau, Lincoln Village has a total area of 1.83 square miles (4.75 km2), all land. ... As of the census of 2010, there were 9,032 people, 3,734 households, and 2,265 families residing in the CDP. The racial makeup ... As of the 2010 census, there were a total of 4,188 homes, with 3,734 of them occupied. 2,265 were family households and 1,496 ...
As of the census of 2000, there were 43 people, 17 households, and 10 families residing in the CDP. The population density was ... None of the population or the families were below the poverty line. Public education in the community of Washam is provided by ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.13 square miles (8.1 km²), all of it land. ... Washam is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sweetwater County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 51 at the 2010 ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.485 square miles (3.85 km2). None of the area ... 8.3% of the population and 4.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.7% of those under the ... As of the census of 2000, there are 1,902 people, 788 households, and 493 families residing in the village. The population ... "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1999, with FIPS Codes". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2009. "American FactFinder". ...
"Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. Vintage Images of Salem NY and area ~ Richard Clayton ... 4.5% of the population and 4.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.5% are ... As of the census of 2000, there were 964 people, 363 households, and 257 families residing in what was then village. The ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the hamlet has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.6 km²) NY Route 22 (Main ...
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,344 people, 3,003 households, and 1,792 families residing in the area. The population ... The per capita income for the area was $28,536. 3.8% of the population and 1.4% of families were below the poverty line. 1.1% ... The median income for a household in the area was $59,844, and the median income for a family was $74,607. Males had a median ... The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.09. In the area, the population was spread out with 21.7 ...
As of the census of 2000, there are 2,088 people, 765 households, and 516 families residing in the city. The population density ... 40.2% of the population and 33.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 53.1% of those under the ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.6 square miles ... "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. The News and Farmer and Wadley Herald/ Jefferson ...
As of the census of 2000, there are 143 people, 55 households and 32 families residing in the town. The population density is ... 19.1% of the population and 14.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 25.7% of those under the ... Lived in the Gorin area until her death in 1913. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08 ... United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4 ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.3 km2), all of it land. As of ... 16.3% of the population and 10.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.4% of those under ... "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. Climate ... U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2016. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02- ...
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,035 people, 7,130 households, and 4,762 families residing in the township. The ... 5.2% of the population and 3.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.3% of those under the ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 20.1 square miles (52 km2), of which 20.0 square ... "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016. "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: ...
U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000, Summary File 1. "GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 - County -- ... There were no families and none of the population living below the poverty line. Only 2 households reported incomes less than $ ... U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000. "Census Demographic Profiles, Alden Township" (PDF). CenStats Databases. Retrieved 2009-01-31 ... As of the census of 2000, there were 33 people, 11 households, and 10 families residing in the township. The population density ...
... in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. As of the 2000 census, the population of the CDP is 32. Lake Minchumina is ... None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line. It was previously served by the Minchumina School ... Orthographic projection According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 244.1 square miles (632 km2 ... "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. "Schools." Iditarod Area School District. October 16, ...
7.2% of the population and 3.0% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 11.9% are ... "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. Village of Manchester, NY Area early history. ... As of the census of 2000, there were 1,475 people, 648 households, and 395 families residing in the village. The population ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.0 km²), all of it land. New ...
None of the families and 3.5% of the population were living below the poverty line. Mt. Baker Ski Area Mount Baker Highway "US ... As of the census of 2000, there were 277 people, 109 households, and 70 families residing in the CDP. The population density ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²), all of it land. The ... The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,250, and the median income for a family was $56,477. Males had a median ...
... Aerial "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Lakshadweep. Archived from the original ( ... Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Of the 1797 families on the island, 57 (about 3%) are below the poverty ... Kavaratti is a census town as well as the name of the atoll upon which the town stands. It is well known for its pristine white ... Kochi is the closest major city on the Indian mainland at a distance of 404 km (218 nmi). It has a lagoon area of 8.96 km2 ( ...
According to the 2009 census, the Kabete area has a population of 140,427. As part of the Nairobi Highlands area, the region's ... found in the Lower Kabete area remains as part of his family's legacy. "Kiambu-governor". kiambu.gov. Retrieved 14 November ... A study in 2005 revealed that Kabete constituency has the lowest poverty rate in Kenya. Anthropologist Louis Leakey was born in ...
According to the 2010 census, Delavan has a total area of 0.71 square miles (1.84 km2), all land. As of the census of 2000, ... 5.7% of the population and 4.2% of families were below the poverty line. 5% of those under the age of 18 and 7.5% of those 65 ... "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. "Census of ... The population was 1,825 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Peoria, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area. Delavan was ...
The median income for a household in the census area was $120,184, and the median income for a family was $123,832. 6.2% of the ... of families were below the poverty line. 8.4% of those under the age of 18 and 1.3% of those 65 and older were living below the ... "Census Block Map - Layhill CDP, MD" (PDF). 2010 Census. United States Census Bureau. 2010. ... "Notes on Area Realty and Construction". The Washington Post. February 20, 1965. p. D10. "Two Models at Layhill Forest". The ...
As of the census of 2000, there were 140 people, 69 households, and 64 families residing in the town. The population density ... None of the population is below the poverty line. There is an Environmental Learning Center in the Orchid/Wabasso area (website ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), of which 1.2 square ... "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. ...
The 2000 census reported that 34.3 percent of McElderry Park's families had incomes below the poverty line. Although ... Throughout the 1990s, the area became the most crime-ridden in old East Baltimore. Efforts are underway to turn things around, ... HUD Helps McElderry Park Restore Vacant Lands Monument-McElderry-Fayette Area Plan, September 2006[permanent dead link] ...
In Debra CD Block 37.37% families were living below poverty line in 2007. According to the District Human Development Report of ... Bengali is the local language in these areas. In the 2011 census Hindus formed 88.16% and Muslims formed 10.34% of the ... It had 44 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 5,851 patients were treated indoor and 123,807 patients were ... Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July ...
Living below the poverty line were 26.1% of the population and 20.5% of families. Those living below the poverty line were 37.5 ... It has a population of 10,932 according to the 2010 Census. It is the largest city in the Bootheel, a mostly agricultural area ... As of the census of 2010, there were 10,932 people, 4,377 households, and 2,849 families residing in the city. The population ... "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. "Archived ...
Around 40-50% of the families are below poverty line. Based on the number of households in 2011 census and BPL revision survey ... of the total area, Monsoon dependent agriculture supports majority of the population. Forest area covers 43% of the total area ... "Koderma District Census Handbook," (PDF). Census of India 2011 Pages 15, 28. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. ... Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 8 July 2016. "Literacy in India". Census 2011. Census population 2015 data ...
About 1.7% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line. As of the census of 2010, there were 22,796 ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.33 square miles (47.47 km2); 15.44 square miles ( ... Paul, the sixteenth largest metropolitan area in the United States. The population of Prior Lake was 22,796 at the 2010 census ... "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved ...
Poverty was a recurrent feature with 44% of kinship families were living in the poorest areas of the country.[citation needed] ... The first findings of the project were published in 2011 and were based on the 2001 census. The findings showed that more than ... the diverse experiences of families in poverty in England". Buttle UK is a founder member of the charity End Child Poverty. It ... "Living with hardship 24/7: the diverse experiences of families in poverty in England", Carol-Ann Hooper, Sarah Gorin, Christie ...
There were 7.1% of families and 5.5% of the population living below the poverty line. The larger area defined as Brookeville by ... As of the census of 2010, there were 134 people, 54 households, and 38 families residing in the town. The population density ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2), all of it land. The ... The population was 134 at the 2010 census. The United States Postal Service defines a larger area as Brookeville than what ...
The formation of slums is closely linked to urbanization.[54] In 2008, more than 50% of the world's population lived in urban areas. In China, for example, it is estimated that the population living in urban areas will increase by 10% within a decade according to its current rates of urbanization.[55] The UN-Habitat reports that 43% of urban population in developing countries and 78% of those in the least developed countries are slum dwellers.[6]. Some scholars suggest that urbanization creates slums because local governments are unable to manage urbanization, and migrant workers without an affordable place to live in, dwell in slums.[56] Rapid urbanization drives economic growth and causes people to seek working and investment opportunities in urban areas.[57][58] However, as evidenced by poor urban infrastructure and insufficient housing, the local governments sometimes are unable to manage this ...
... is credited as having the largest impact of the Final Fantasy series.[222][223] In 2002, GameSpot ranked it as the second most influential game ever made.[224] In 2007, GamePro ranked it 14th on their list of the most important games of all time,[225] and in 2009 it was ranked the same place on their list of the most influential and innovative games of all time.[226] Bill Loguidice and Matt Barton listed Final Fantasy VII among the 25 most influential games of all time.[227] Samuel Roberts of Retro Gamer, writing for GamesRadar, called FFVII "one of the most important and influential RPGs of all time" in January 2020.[228] The game is credited with allowing console role-playing games to gain mass-market appeal outside of Japan.[229] Role-playing video games were a niche genre in North America up until Final Fantasy VII introduced the genre to a mainstream audience there,[82][224] and it was the first Final Fantasy title released in Europe.[230] It popularized Japanese ...
The poverty gap index can be interpreted as the average percentage shortfall in income for the population, from the poverty line.[5] If you multiply a country's poverty gap index by both the poverty line and the total number of individuals in the country you get the total amount of money needed to bring the poor in the population out of extreme poverty and up to the poverty line, assuming perfect targeting of transfers. For example, suppose a country has 10 million individuals, a poverty line of $500 per year and a poverty gap index of 5%. Then an average increase of $25 per individual per year would eliminate extreme poverty. Note that $25 is 5% of the poverty line. The total increase needed to eliminate poverty is US$250 million-$25 multiplied by 10 million individuals. The poverty gap index is an ...
A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons. While slums differ in size and other characteristics, most lack reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Slum residences vary from shanty houses to professionally built dwellings which, because of poor-quality construction or provision of basic maintenance, have deteriorated. Due to increasing urbanization of the general populace, slums became common in the 18th to late 20th centuries in the United States and Europe. Slums are still predominantly found in urban regions of undeveloped countries, but are also still found in developed economies. According to UN-Habitat, around 33% of the urban population in the developing world in 2012, or about 863 million people, lived in slums. The proportion of urban ...
The Victorian Students' Aid Program is a nonprofit organization established by students at the University of Melbourne in July 2005. VSAP delivers vital equipment and health resources with students who travel to disadvantaged communities, usually as part of the elective component of their degree as a gesture of thanks for hosting the student. One of VSAP's features is the use of the Wishlist. The receiving hospital or clinic is asked to write a list of the most urgently needed equipment and supplies, and VSAP aims to obtain as many of these items as possible. This may be through contacting manufacturers or other companies and requesting donations or using monetary donations to purchase the items. Pharmaceuticals are generally purchased in the receiving community to support the local economy and avoid customs issues. The Wishlist ensures that the aid is targeted - that is, the donations are needed and appropriate. VSAP's establishment was inspired by a similar organisation at the University of ...
Poverty is a state of deprivation, lacking the usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.[1] The most common measure of poverty in the U.S. is the "poverty threshold" set by the U.S. government. This measure recognizes poverty as a lack of those goods and services commonly taken for granted by members of mainstream society.[2] The official threshold is adjusted for inflation using the consumer price index. Most people in the United States will spend at least one year below the poverty line at some point between ages 25 and 75.[3] Poverty rates are persistently higher in rural and inner city parts of the country as compared to suburban areas.[4][5] Estimates of the number of people in the United States living in poverty are nuanced. One organization estimated that in 2015, 13.5% of Americans (43.1 million) lived in ...
The original one-room school was established in 1848 by Enoch Turner (1792-1866), a wealthy brewer and philanthropist, to educate the children in the poor neighbourhood surrounding his brewery.[2] Because many of the area's immigrant families were from County Cork in Ireland, the neighbourhood became known as Corktown - a nickname it still carries today.[2] Turner supplied the funds to construct the Schoolhouse and the land was donated by the adjacent Little Trinity Church.[3][2] In 1849, the school opened with space for 240 pupils and Turner paid for its operation for three years.[2] It was the first free school in Toronto.[4][2] Enoch Turner founded his free school following the Common Schools Act of 1846. After the act was passed, municipalities had the power to raise funds for public education through taxation. However, city officials were unwilling to introduce such taxes, and as a result, all schools that benefited from any kind of public support were closed for a year. This prompted ...
... Road was the location of two 19th-century theatres: 'The Effingham' (1834-1897) and The Pavilion Theatre (1828-1935; building demolished in 1962). Charles Dickens, Jr. (eldest child of Charles Dickens), in his 1879 book Dickens's Dictionary of London, described the Pavilion this way: "A large East-end theatre capable of holding considerably over 3,000 persons. Melodrama of a rough type, farce, pantomime, &c."[22] In the early 20th century it became the home of Yiddish theatre, catering to the large Jewish population of the area, and gave birth to the Anglo-Jewish 'Whitechapel Boys' avant-garde literary and artistic movement. Since at least the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the area's most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, ...
In the early 1970s, a new genre of Indian crime films and gangster films arose, set in urban India: Bombay underworld films, later called Mumbai underworld films. These films are often inspired by real Mumbai underworld gangsters, such as Haji Mastan, Dawood Ibrahim and D-Company. These films are often set around Mumbai slums such as Dharavi or Juhu, and gangsters in these films often speak with a Tapori or Bombay Hindi street dialect.. The genre was pioneered by screenwriter duo Salim-Javed. They began the genre of gritty, violent, Bombay underworld crime films in the early 1970s, with films such as Zanjeer (1973) and Deewaar (1975).[32][33] They reinterpreted the rural themes of Mehboob Khan's Mother India (1957) and Dilip Kumar's Gunga Jumna (1961) in a contemporary urban context reflecting the socio-economic and socio-political climate of 1970s India,[34][35] channeling the growing discontent and disillusionment among the masses,[34] and unprecedented growth of slums,[36] and dealing with ...
The terms poverty industry or poverty business refer to a wide range of money-making activities that attract a large portion of their business from the poor because they are poor. Businesses in the poverty industry often include payday loan centers, pawnshops, rent-to-own centers, casinos, liquor stores, lotteries, tobacco stores, and credit card companies. Illegal ventures such as loansharking might also be included. The poverty industry makes roughly US$33 billion a year in the United States.[page needed] In 2010, elected American federal officials received more than $1.5 million in campaign contributions from poverty-industry donors. Economic inequality Misery index (economics) Working poor Rivlin, Gary (9 June 2010). "Fat Times for the Poverty Industry". The Atlantic. Retrieved 22 July 2013. The pawnbroker, the subprime auto lender, and the rent-to-own operator might say the same. These and other ...
GCAP together with the UN-Millennium Campaign jointly set a Guinness World Record for the most people to ever to simultaneously 'Stand Up' against poverty within a 24 hour period. The initiative was held as a part of GCAP's Month of Mobilization and the release of the record numbers was set to coincide with the last day of the Month, The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. 2009 "Stand Up and Take Action against Poverty" campaign 173 million people, 2.5% of the world population, around the world took part in the fourth Stand Up. This was a new Guinness World Record. Over 3,000 events were held in more than 120 countries in the fourth year of the "Stand Up, Take Action, End Poverty Now!" campaign over the weekend. At least 100 million people in Asia took part in the campaign, while Africa saw the participation of almost 40 million, the Arab region over 30 million, Europe more than 2 million, Latin America and North America some ...
... (Bengali: ধনবাড়ী) is a town of Dhanbari Upazila, Tangail, Bangladesh. The town is situated 63 km northeast of Tangail city and 143 km northwest of Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh. According to Population Census 2011 performed by Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, The total population of Dhanbari town is 36,125.There are 9134 households in total. The literacy rate of Dhanbari town is 52.3% (Male-53.8%, Female-50.8%). "Tangail Table C-01 : Area, Households, Population, Density by Residence and Community" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-11-13. Retrieved 2016-03-01. "Tangail Table C-06 : Distribution of Population aged 7 years and above by Literacy, Sex, Residence and Community" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-11-13. Retrieved 2016-02-25. "Marcel opens exclusive showroom in Dhanbari Town, Tangail". The Daily News Today, Bangladesh. 2011-11-22. Retrieved 2016-01-16 ...
In the US, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report Health Effects of Gentrification defines the real estate concept of gentrification as "the transformation of neighborhoods from low value to high value. This change has the potential to cause displacement of long-time residents and businesses ... when long-time or original neighborhood residents move from a gentrified area because of higher rents, mortgages, and property taxes. Gentrification is a housing, economic, and health issue that affects a community's history and culture and reduces social capital. It often shifts a neighborhood's characteristics, e.g., racial-ethnic composition and household income, by adding new stores and resources in previously run-down neighborhoods."[3]. In the Brookings Institution report Dealing with Neighborhood Change: A Primer on Gentrification and Policy Choices (2001), Maureen Kennedy and Paul Leonard say that "the term 'gentrification' is both imprecise and quite politically charged", ...
... from 2009 to 2018 about Petersburg Census Area, AK; 5 to 17 years; AK; child; family; poverty; persons; and USA. ... Graph and download economic data for Estimate of Related Children Age 5-17 in Families in Poverty for Petersburg Census Area, ... Petersburg Census Area, AK 5 to 17 Years Alaska Child Family Poverty Persons Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates Census ... U.S. Census Bureau, Estimate of Related Children Age 5-17 in Families in Poverty for Petersburg Census Area, AK [ ...
U.S. Census Bureau. Small area income and poverty estimates. State and county estimates for 2006. Available at http://www. ... "family medicine geriatrician." We then designated physicians as family medicine, general internal medicine, or general practice ... U.S. Census Bureau. Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas main. Available at http://www.census.gov/population/metro/ ... County-level poverty is equally associated with unmet health care needs in rural and urban settings. J Rural Health 2010;26:373 ...
Suburban areas have had the lowest rates of persons who live below the poverty threshold and many of the most positive health ... These codes are based on 2000 census data and 2004 zip codes; designations of urban areas can change over time. Fifth, because ... Three health care and family factors differed among rural areas (large rural, small rural, and isolated areas) (Table 2). A ... However, among families of children with MBDDs, rural families had financial difficulties more often than urban families, and ...
Each years poverty figures are anxiously awaited by policymakers, analysts, and the media. Yet questions are in... ... Bureau of the Census. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Willis, R.J., and R.T. Michael 1994 Innovation in family ... 1982 Autumn 1981 Urban Family Budgets and Comparative Indexes for Selected Urban Areas. USDL 82-139. U.S. Department of Labor, ... 1993 Incorporating Health Issues in the Measurement of Poverty. Unpublished paper prepared for the Panel on Poverty and Family ...
Recognizing that many metropolitan areas in the United States have been ex... ... About 18 percent of families lived below the poverty level during this period (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011a). The Atlanta ... In 2009, the total estimated population for this area was 5,475,213 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011b). ... Climate change has served as a useful lens for urbanized areas to begin thinking about sustainability issues and developing ...
About 12.8% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 5.6 ... According to the United States Census Bureau, Lincoln Village has a total area of 1.83 square miles (4.75 km2), all land. ... As of the census of 2010, there were 9,032 people, 3,734 households, and 2,265 families residing in the CDP. The racial makeup ... As of the 2010 census, there were a total of 4,188 homes, with 3,734 of them occupied. 2,265 were family households and 1,496 ...
... censuses, surveys, and programs. Give us your feedback if a word or phrase is missing. Just click the Send Feedback tab. ... Poverty Areas. Poverty areas are census tracts or block numbering areas (BNAs) where at least 20 percent of residents were ... Ratio of Income to Poverty (Income-to-Poverty Ratio). People and families are classified as being in poverty if their income is ... Poverty Universe. Persons for whom the Census Bureau can determine poverty status (either in poverty or not in poverty). ...
Brief Poverty, Vulnerability, and the Safety Net Data and Technology Groups Can Improve the 2020 Census Count. ... RESEARCH AREAS , Narrow your search by all research areas that apply.. *. Community Engaged Methods. ... Research Report Families Preparing the Future Workforce: Early Care and Education Participation among Children of Immigrants. ...
... of families below the federal poverty level resulted in substantial increased risk. Almost all the poverty census tracts ... Poverty census tracts were defined by using a cutoff of both 10% and 20% of the families in that tract living below federal ... Making dichotomous cuts at both levels showed that children in census tracts defined as poverty areas had almost double the ... The non-HMO population was less likely to be white, more likely to live in poverty census tracts, less likely to live in post- ...
For the 2000 census,[24] there were 76,540 people, 30,374 households, and 17,616 families residing in the census area (if all ... The per capita income for the area was $26,357. 9.3% of the population and 6.4% of families were below the poverty line. 11.7% ... The median income for a household in the census area was US$71,986, and the median income for a family was US$84,136.[23] Males ... The median income for a household in the census area was $51,653, and the median income for a family was $60,631. Males had a ...
According to the 1880 census, the family lived on Appleton Street in an area that is now known as Houdini Square.[8] On June 6 ... Losing his job at Zion in 1882, Rabbi Weiss and family moved to Milwaukee and fell into dire poverty.[9] In 1887, Rabbi Weiss ... "Family Statement re: exhumation". Retrieved March 26, 2007.. *^ Segal, David (March 24, 2007). "Why Not Just Hold a Seance?". ... The family changed their name to the German spelling Weiss, and Erik became Ehrich. The family lived in Appleton, Wisconsin, ...
Cited statistics include changes in the poverty rate and number of children in poverty by age, race and ethnicity, and family ... This research brief examines child poverty in 2010 using both the official poverty measure that the Census Bureau has been ... Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty The brief describes the characteristics of pockets of ... The brief summarizes findings from the Census Bureaus Supplemental Poverty Measure report for 2013. The brief highlights SPM ...
Economic well-being, education, health, family structure, and community data. Data by race, sex by age. KIDS COUNT Data Book. ... Best source for child and family well-being indicators in the United States. National, state, county, congressional district, ... Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) ... Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) ...
Children Living in High Poverty Areas. Thriving communities produce strong families, but concentrated poverty puts an entire ... Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 5-Year American Community Survey Estimates, Tables B09001 and S1701 ... Families living in high-poverty areas are more likely to have trouble paying housing costs and neighborhood conditions can lead ... Research suggests that families need to earn about twice the federal poverty level to cover their basic expense. For a family ...
As of the census of 2000, there were 140 people, 69 households, and 64 families residing in the town. The population density ... None of the population is below the poverty line. There is an Environmental Learning Center in the Orchid/Wabasso area (website ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), of which 1.2 square ... "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. ...
Graph and download economic data for Estimate of Related Children Age 5-17 in Families in Poverty for Carroll County, IL ( ... PE5T17IL17015A647NCEN) from 1989 to 2018 about Carroll County, IL; 5 to 17 years; IL; child; family; poverty; persons; and USA. ... Carroll County, IL 5 to 17 Years Illinois Child Family Poverty Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates Persons Census County or ... U.S. Census Bureau, Estimate of Related Children Age 5-17 in Families in Poverty for Carroll County, IL [PE5T17IL17015A647NCEN ...
"Individuals and Families Below Poverty Level-Number and Rate by State: 2000 and 2005" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2005 ... "United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2008.. *^ "Demographic Characteristics of the District and Metro Area" (PDF). ... "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: District of Columbia". www.census.gov.. *^ "Demonyms for people from the USA". www.geography- ... "Poverty Determination In U.S. Insular Areas" (PDF). GAO. Retrieved July 3, 2019.. ...
... black families are up to 4.6 times more likely than white and Hispanic families to live in areas of concentrated poverty. 5 5. ... Areas of concentrated poverty are defined by census tracts in which 40 percent or more of the population lives below the ... family wealth, family income, and family savings. Within each stage, families begin with differing initial endowments and go ... Family savings. The tools and benefits a family can access to turn income into savings and wealth for families and the ...
In the last census, the children of displaced families represented 11% of the public school population. ... In rural areas, 54% of the population could only access unsanitary latrines and 12% still practiced open air defecation. To ... Understanding Poverty Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development ... The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical ...
Economic Census International Programs Metro and Micro Areas Population Estimates Population Projections Small Area Income and ... CPS Poverty Tables Footnotes Poverty in the United States is measured by comparing family income with one of 48 poverty ... 2014 CPS Poverty Table: POV-44. Region, Division and Type of Residence--Poverty Status for Families by Family Structure. ... 2014 CPS Poverty Table: POV-44. Region, Division and Type of Residence--Poverty Status for Families by Family Structure. ...
Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months of Families by Family Type by Work Experience of Householder and Spouse; B17016044; Female ... This is particularly true for areas with a substantial GQ population.. The Census Bureau tested the changes introduced to the ... Comparing the familys income of $14,000 with the poverty threshold shows that the family and all people in the family are ... The Census Bureau uses a set of dollar value thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty ...
Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months of Families By Household Type By Educational Attainment of Householder; B17018014; Female ... This is particularly true for areas with a substantial GQ population. The Census Bureau tested the changes introduced to the ... Since poverty is defined at the family level and not the household level, the poverty status of the household is determined by ... and those reported in Census 2000. Please refer to (www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/newguidance.html) for more details. ...
In the U.S., 49% of children in urban areas live in low-income families. In 2018, families of color were disproportionately ... According to the 2018 U.S. Census, the highest poverty rate by race is found among the indigenous American community (25.4%), ... family relationships, and family functioning. Urban males experience higher levels of exposure to trauma, especially violence- ... Poverty can come at an extremely emotional price. Trauma and contextual economic-related stress can negatively impact childrens ...
  • http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/05poverty.shtml, last accessed March 24, 2016. (census.gov)
  • February 23, 2016) -- Among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common pediatric cancer, those who live in high-poverty areas are substantially more likely to suffer early relapse than other patients, despite having received the same treatment, according to new research from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Karb RA, Subramanian SV, Fleegler EW (2016) County Poverty Concentration and Disparities in Unintentional Injury Deaths: A Fourteen-Year Analysis of 1.6 Million U.S. Fatalities. (plos.org)
  • In 2016, 19% of children (14.1 million) in the United States lived in families with incomes below the poverty line. (aecf.org)
  • The nation's poverty rate among African-American and American Indian children (both at 34%) was almost three times the poverty rate for their white and Asian and Pacific Islander peers (both at 12%) in 2016. (aecf.org)
  • In 2016, one in three children lived in families who spend more than 30% of their income on housing, leaving less money for other necessities such as food, health care, transportation and child care. (aecf.org)
  • He currently is conducting research on disparities in child well-being by race-ethnic, immigrant, and socioeconomic status with funding from the Foundation for Child Development, and he is assessing features of family environments of at-risk children that foster resilience leading to success in reading by 3rd grade and, ultimately, high school graduation with funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation. (cuny.edu)
  • The Des Moines-based Child and Family Policy Center compiles the KIDS COUNT research in Iowa for the Annie E. Casey Foundation. (bleedingheartland.com)
  • Poverty histories of neighbourhoods were constructed using the Neighbourhood Change Database (1970-2000) and American Community Survey (2005-2009). (bmj.com)
  • According to the Department of Health and Human Services, 'The poverty guidelines are sometimes loosely referred to as the 'federal poverty level' (FPL), but that phrase is ambiguous and should be avoided, especially in situations (e.g., legislative or administrative) where precision is important. (census.gov)
  • Research suggests that families need to earn about twice the federal poverty level to cover their basic expense. (kyyouth.org)
  • Although there were no racial differences in asthma rates at moderate and high income levels, black children had twice the risk of asthma, compared with white children, among families with incomes less than one half of the federal poverty level. (aappublications.org)
  • Corzine adds, Supplement federal poverty aid through religious community based or other non-profit organizations. (ontheissues.org)
  • Tackling the challenges of suburban poverty will require innovations in collaboration, integrating strategies across disciplines, and funding strategies. (metrocouncil.org)
  • Both city and suburban poverty rates (21.7 and 12.1, respectively) remained unchanged from 2011, and suburbs continued to house 3 million more poor residents than their primary cities. (brookings.edu)
  • Between 2011 and 2012, some cities began to show signs of recovery, but no major metro area registered significant progress against suburban poverty. (brookings.edu)
  • Similarly, two metro areas-Jackson and Riverside-San Bernardino- Ontario-continued to see their suburban poverty rates grow. (brookings.edu)
  • Manufacturing-oriented metro areas in the Midwest and Northeast continued to rank highest for urban poverty rates in 2012, while metro areas in the West and South posted the highest suburban poverty rates. (brookings.edu)
  • In contrast, Southern and Western regions dominate the list of metro areas with the highest suburban poverty rates in 2012, with McAllen, El Paso, Bakersfield, and Fresno registering between one-quarter and one-third of their suburban residents in poverty (Table 4). (brookings.edu)
  • Even with the boom and bust of the housing markets in these regions, all but two metro areas that ranked in the top 10 for suburban poverty rates in 2000 remained on that list in 2012. (brookings.edu)
  • A higher percentage of all children in small rural and large rural areas compared with all children in urban areas had parents who reported experiencing financial difficulties (i.e., difficulties meeting basic needs such as food and housing). (cdc.gov)
  • Children in all rural areas more often lacked amenities and lived in a neighborhood in poor condition. (cdc.gov)
  • However, a lower percentage of children in small rural and isolated areas had parents who reported living in an unsafe neighborhood, and children in isolated areas less often lived in a neighborhood lacking social support, less often lacked a medical home, and less often had a parent with fair or poor mental health. (cdc.gov)
  • In urban and the majority of rural subtypes, children with an MBDD more often lacked a medical home, had a parent with poor mental health, lived in families with financial difficulties, and lived in a neighborhood lacking physical and social resources than children without an MBDD within each of those community types. (cdc.gov)
  • Only in urban areas did a higher percentage of children with MBDDs lack health insurance than children without MBDDs. (cdc.gov)
  • Certain health care, family, and community disparities were more often reported among children with MBDDS than among children without MBDDs in rural and urban areas. (cdc.gov)
  • Collaboration involving health care, family, and community services and systems can be used to address fragmented services and supports for children with MBDDs, regardless of whether they live in urban or rural areas. (cdc.gov)
  • However, addressing differences in health care, family, and community factors and leveraging community strengths among children who live in rural areas present opportunities to promote health among children in rural communities. (cdc.gov)
  • and to determine if universal lead screening is necessary in children in this area. (aappublications.org)
  • Children at highest risk of having excess lead burden are children of color in low-income families living in central cities in large urban areas. (aappublications.org)
  • Are there more black or hispanic children in poverty in my county? (kidscount.org)
  • Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families is a nonprofit, child advocacy organization working to improve the opportunities available to children so they may grow to lead healthy and productive lives. (kidscount.org)
  • When families face economic hardship, children are more likely to experience a range of adversities that may impact their development and limit their opportunities for success as adults. (kyyouth.org)
  • Children living in deep poverty and young children are at the greatest risk. (kyyouth.org)
  • Kentucky's future prosperity depends on all children living in a financially stable family where parents can provide for their children, yet children are much more likely to be poor than working-age adults and the elderly. (kyyouth.org)
  • [i] In 2015, a family of two adults and two children was considered to be living in poverty if their household income was at or below $24,036. (kyyouth.org)
  • Growing up in a financially stable family allows children to avoid the threats caused by poverty to their physical and mental health, social-emotional development, and educational attainment, such as the increased risks of teen pregnancy and not finishing high school. (kyyouth.org)
  • While slightly less than one in every five children nationally live in poverty, at least one in every four Kentucky children are poor. (kyyouth.org)
  • Available at https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/children-in-poverty/ . (kyyouth.org)
  • Children fare better when their families can pay their bills and buy what they need. (kyyouth.org)
  • The matrix consists of family size (from one person to nine or more people) cross-classified by presence and number of family members under 18 years old (from no children present to eight or more children present). (socialexplorer.com)
  • See the table in Appendix A titled "Poverty Thresholds in 1982, by Size of Family and Number of Related Children Under 18 Years (Dollars)," for appropriate base thresholds. (socialexplorer.com)
  • Within each food plan, dollar amounts varied according to the total number of people in the family and the family's composition, that is, the number of children within each family. (socialexplorer.com)
  • Setting Millennium Cohort Study (a random sample of UK children) and the National Evaluation of Sure Start study (a random sample of children in deprived areas in England), 2001 to 2007. (bmj.com)
  • Since children are assigned to schools based on where they live, financially secure families leave areas with bad public schools and cluster in areas with good schools. (knoxnews.com)
  • In 2011, more than 330,000 Californians fell below the barrier, which considers a family of two adults and two children to be poor if household income is below $22,811. (latimes.com)
  • 1 in 5 Children Live in Poverty in U.S. (cnsnews.com)
  • Children living in single female-headed families are especially prone to poverty," says the report. (cnsnews.com)
  • In 2012, among all children living in single female-headed families, 47.2 % were poor. (cnsnews.com)
  • In contrast, among children living in married-couple families, 11.1% were poor," said the CRS report. (cnsnews.com)
  • Although an emerging body of research finds that children from low-income families have lower rates of overall survival than other children with ALL, this study is among the first to explore possible factors contributing to outcome disparities among children who received uniform treatment. (childrenshospital.org)
  • As part of a prospective clinical trial for children with ALL, researchers will identify associations between disease outcomes and the socio-economic status of patients' families, using a targetable measure of socioeconomic status termed material hardship (food, housing and/or energy insecurity). (childrenshospital.org)
  • Earlier research indicates that children from low-income families may face particular struggles with adherence to oral chemotherapy regimens, and research from general pediatrics has shown that children from low-income families have worse underlying health than other children. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Their persistent poverty directly contradicts Rep. Wally Herger, R-Calif., who says in the article, 'Low-income parents are now supporting their children with paychecks instead of welfare checks. (edweek.org)
  • The other third likely results from "selection," or the fact that fewer children are born in poorer families. (umich.edu)
  • To determine this, researchers dropped the children in the poorest families from their calculations in proportion to reduction in fertility rates. (umich.edu)
  • A lot of the political discussion about family planning is focused on women's rights to choose, but the large implications of family planning programs for the financial security of children and their parents tend to get ignored," Bailey said. (umich.edu)
  • A new study of young children living in extreme poverty found that those whose mothers showed symptoms of depression had low levels of cortisol, a hormone activated during times of stress, compared with children whose mothers did not exhibit depressive symptoms. (berkeley.edu)
  • Researchers focused on children in some of Mexico s poorest regions, areas identified through a baseline census of families across the country. (berkeley.edu)
  • Thomas and Louise Bolton, along with their five children, struggle to make ends meet in one of the highest crime areas in Little Rock. (aetn.org)
  • There is a show on tv that features the life of a family that has 15 children all their own. (cnn.com)
  • His research focuses on historical and contemporary change in the lives of children and families with particular attention to immigrants and public policy. (cuny.edu)
  • He also has completed work on an alternative poverty measure for the U.S. that overcomes many limitations of the current official measure, and on research assessing the extent to which socioeconomic disparities versus cultural differences can account low enrollment in early education programs among Hispanic children in immigrant and native-born families. (cuny.edu)
  • His early book, America's Children: Resources from Family, Government, and Economy was the first national research using children as the unit of analysis to document the timing, magnitude, and reasons for revolutionary changes experienced by children since the Great Depression in family composition, parent's education, father's and mother's work, and family income and poverty. (cuny.edu)
  • For his most recent monograph Children in Immigrant Families in Eight Affluent Countries: Their Family, National, and International Context Professor Hernandez led a team of scholars from eight countries to develop internationally comparable indicators from census and registration systems of child well-being across affluent countries for children in immigrant and native-born families. (cuny.edu)
  • The sample selection scheme implemented to oversample selected subgroups--functionally impaired adults, children with activity limitations, working-age adults predicted to incur high medical expenditures, and persons predicted to have low family income--is explained. (ahrq.gov)
  • There are still ghettos of poverty that lack decent housing-where poor minority children don't have the same access to resource-rich, middle-class communities as poor white children do. (alternet.org)
  • The result has been an historic decline in the welfare rolls, substantial increases in employment by low-income mothers, unprecedented increases in earnings by low-income females heading families, and a sustained decline in child poverty, particularly among African-American children. (archives.gov)
  • The Administration s plan continues the current high level of spending for childcare, maintains the commitment to providing health insurance to the children of low-income working families, and expands the child support enforcement program so that more payments by fathers will be given directly to mothers and children. (archives.gov)
  • In addition, the Nation s most important program for assisting low-income working families with children, the Earned Income Tax Credit, will continue to provide income supplements of up to $4,000 per year to single mothers leaving welfare for work. (archives.gov)
  • Research shows that both adults and children are better off in two-parent families. (archives.gov)
  • Children reared by married parents in intact families are more likely to complete high school and are less likely to be poor, to commit crimes, or to have mental health problems than are children reared in single-parent families. (archives.gov)
  • It is no criticism of single parents to acknowledge the better outcomes for children of married-couple families. (archives.gov)
  • For this reason, the Administration plan commits up to $300 million per year for states to design and implement programs that reduce nonmarital births and increase the percentage of children in married-couple families. (archives.gov)
  • Fewer children are living in poverty, more parents are employed and fewer families are spending a disproportionate amount of their income on housing costs. (aecf.org)
  • The few exceptions, when compared to the national average: African-American kids were more likely to be in school as young children and to live in families headed by someone who had graduated high school. (aecf.org)
  • In addition, American Indian families with children were less likely to be burdened with high housing costs. (aecf.org)
  • Many children from families with intimate partner violence come in contact with the child welfare system due to the abuse they have directly experienced or because of their exposure to violence between their caregivers. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Background We examine the association between the poverty histories of neighbourhoods and three indicators of psychosocial well-being-depressive symptoms, sense of control and number of stressors-in an observational study of mothers of young children in California. (bmj.com)
  • Click here (pdf) to view the number and percentage of children living in poverty in each of Iowa's 99 counties. (bleedingheartland.com)
  • But right here in the wealthiest nation in the world, one in five children live in poverty, one in four children live on food stamps, and one in 10 people don't know where their next meal will come from. (experiencelife.com)
  • Patrick's skills as a cooper who could make and repair wooden churns, buckets and caskets, were sufficient to keep the family from poverty but when he died in 1858 Bridget was left with four young children to rear on her own without an income. (independent.ie)
  • Last month, court bailiffs, evicting a family in a low-income housing development on Detroit's east side for failure to pay rent, discovered two dead children, ages 9 and 13, wrapped in plastic bags inside a large freezer. (wsws.org)
  • The abuse of children, in particular, has drastically increased in tandem with the deindustrialization of American cities and the epidemic of extreme poverty. (wsws.org)
  • Poverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values called poverty thresholds that vary by family size, number of children and age of householder. (indexmundi.com)
  • Family disruption and economic hardship: The short-run picture for children. (uwyo.edu)
  • Results were generally consistent between urban and suburban/rural census block groups, and for daytime and nighttime noise and robust to different spatial weight and neighbor definitions. (nih.gov)
  • Click here for definitions & background information on Welfare & Poverty. (ontheissues.org)
  • We also evaluated the relationship between race/ethnicity and noise, stratified by levels of metropolitan area racial residential segregation, classified using a multigroup dissimilarity index. (nih.gov)
  • Persons who live in rural areas report more health-related disparities than those in urban areas, including poorer health, more health risk behaviors, and less access to health resources. (cdc.gov)
  • Available at http://www.urban.org/research/publication/child-poverty-and-itslasting-consequence . (kyyouth.org)
  • The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development proposes requiring suburbs to build more low-income housing so that inner-city families can be transferred into these communities. (knoxnews.com)
  • The idea for the special unemploy ment census originated with President Johnson's Secretary of Labor, W. Wil lard Wirtz„ after a one‐day check in 10 urban ghettos in 1966 had shown very much the same condition under Democratic rule as exists under the Republicans. (nytimes.com)
  • Among US Hispanic/Latinos in urban cities, area foreclosure and homeownership have implications for risk of cardiovascular disease. (springer.com)
  • We're optimistic that the Opportunity Zones program will bring a much-needed infusion of investment to our most distressed rural and urban areas," said N.C. Commerce Secretary Anthony M. Copeland, "These investments will result in job creation, affordable housing and other economic activity. (nccommerce.com)
  • Perhaps most damaging of all is the effect that urban poverty has on race relations. (prrac.org)
  • Poverty in rural and urban areas. (aetn.org)
  • Heifer USA, a division of Heifer International, is helping people in rural areas develop small farms in their own communities, but with complicated logistics, it isn't possible to help as many people as a program in an urban area. (aetn.org)
  • In urban block groups with 50% vs. 0% of residents living below poverty, estimated nighttime noise levels were 46.9 dBA (IQR: 44.7-48.5 dBA) and 44.0 dBA (IQR: 42.2-45.5 dBA), respectively. (nih.gov)
  • In 1954, the Heller Research Committee of the University of California concluded that an adequate urban family budget should be no less than $5,353. (commentarymagazine.com)
  • On a less generous estimate, most authorities would agree that an urban family of four needs more than $3,500-probably $4,000-to subsist in 1959. (commentarymagazine.com)
  • They must march from the play areas in crowded and unsafe streets to the newly opened areas in the parks and recreational centers," said Whitney Young Jr., executive director of the National Urban League. (alternet.org)
  • Many of these new low-income families were previously on welfare, a fact that is in line with attorney Mark Greenberg's description in your article that most of the mothers who have left welfare have moved into low-wage jobs 'with very little chance for advancement. (edweek.org)
  • This new study is part of a larger project studying social-welfare interventions for low-income families in Mexico. (berkeley.edu)
  • Although nearly three million families have left welfare, most of them for work, there are still over two million families remaining on the rolls. (archives.gov)
  • Policymakers and welfare administrators have an obligation to help these families follow in the footsteps of those who have already abandoned welfare for work. (archives.gov)
  • The Administration s plan makes a $22 billion per year Federal commitment to cash welfare, work preparation, and childcare through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Childcare and Development block grants. (archives.gov)
  • However, only 43.1% reported that all of the families referred to the child welfare system were assessed for intimate partner violence, and 52.8% indicated they had a written policy pertaining to screening and assessment of the problem. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Additional research is needed to determine factors that influence assessment practices and to identify strategies to support and extend efforts to identify intimate partner violence and provide appropriate services for families in the child welfare system. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Little is currently known about child welfare practice in assessing intimate partner violence, but recent research has suggested that the problem is not always identified in families who come in contact with this system. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Indicate which principles you support regarding poverty and the welfare system. (ontheissues.org)
  • Click here for policy papers on Welfare & Poverty. (ontheissues.org)
  • Women in less affluent areas of Chicago less likely to reside near mammograph. (bio-medicine.org)
  • SAN DIEGO Women in socioeconomically disadvantaged and less affluent areas of Chicago were less likely to live near a mammography facility with various aspects of care compared with women in less socioeconomically disadvantaged and more affluent areas. (bio-medicine.org)
  • They are more likely to face food hardship, have trouble paying their housing costs, and lack health insurance than those living in more affluent areas. (bleedingheartland.com)
  • In this study, we examined the relationship between area-level mortgage foreclosure risk, homeownership, and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). (springer.com)
  • This study determines the number and distribution of HCs by physician specialty over time and analyzes associations of providing HCs with physician and area-level characteristics. (jabfm.org)
  • Multilevel logistic regression determined associations between physician and area-level characteristics and provision of HCs in 2006. (jabfm.org)
  • The objectives of this study were to (1) assess trends in the numbers of house calls made by physician specialty in 2000, 2003 and 2006 and determine the association between physician and area-level characteristics with (2) the provision of house calls in 2006 and (3) with a physician being in the top decile of house calls made in 2006. (jabfm.org)
  • Interviews included indicators of health and well-being, health care access, and family and community characteristics. (cdc.gov)
  • Results Associations were independent of personal and family characteristics and parity. (bmj.com)
  • Monthly surveys of the labor force and annual demographic surveys of income, poverty, benefits, and other social characteristics. (umich.edu)
  • Indicators of area deprivation also are positively related to childhood asthma prevalence and hospitalization rates, which suggests that SES characteristics at the individual, household, and community level affect a child's risk of asthma. (aappublications.org)
  • Results Adjusting for individual socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, women living in neighbourhoods where poverty decreased over the 40-year period had lower odds of depressive symptoms and a greater sense of control than women living in long-term, low-poverty neighbourhoods. (bmj.com)
  • SES variables ( n = 22, Census Canada 2006) were selected based on: cultural identities, housing characteristics, variables identified in Canadian environmental injustice studies and a previous deprivation index (Pampalon index). (springer.com)
  • See the table "The 2012 Poverty Factors" in Appendix A for the appropriate adjustment based on interview month. (socialexplorer.com)
  • ERS research in this topic area focuses on the economic, social, spatial, temporal, and demographic factors that affect the poverty status of rural residents. (usda.gov)
  • Analyzing the U.N. Food Insecurity Experience Scale, ERS researchers found that low levels of education, weak social networks, and the inability of a person to count on family and friends in times of need were common risk factors. (usda.gov)
  • Here's a little deeper look at the five primary factors have been driving the rapid suburbanization of poverty, according to Berube. (metrocouncil.org)
  • All of these factors make the struggle to rise from poverty significantly harder. (alternet.org)
  • The prevalence of anaemia was not significantly associated with any of the studied demographic and socioeconomic factors (sex, economic status of the family, mother's literacy or family size) or health of the child (history of pica or number of attacks of malaria in the last year). (who.int)
  • Given its socioeconomic factors, it isn't surprising that the area that makes up ZIP 90813, on the northern doorstep of downtown, had so many homicides. (presstelegram.com)
  • Homeowners are generally considered the most vulnerable during a foreclosure crisis but studies showing an association between neighborhood foreclosures and health suggest that both homeowners and renters can be affected by high foreclosures in the area. (springer.com)
  • 2 In addition, growing up in a high-poverty neighborhood undermines a child's chances of adult economic success. (bleedingheartland.com)
  • Since the 1980s, Pomona's newest neighborhood Phillips Ranch, experienced rapid growth with homes still being built in the hilly area between Downtown and Diamond Bar. (streetgangs.com)
  • This volume provides a closer look at the unprecedented social and economic changes taking place in the nation's oldest and newest communities, and explores the implications for a diverse set of policy areas, including metropolitan development patterns, immigrant incorporation, and the promotion of affordable housing and homeownership. (google.com)
  • Ghettos in the United States are generally defined as poor inner-city areas where a disproportionate percentage of ethnic minorities reside. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Ghettos are also often distinguished from other racially or ethnically homogeneous communities (for example, a predominately white or black suburban area) because of the inability of many residents to relocate from ghettos - even if they desire to do so. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Renters in high foreclosure risk areas had a higher prevalence of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia but no association with smoking status compared to renters in low foreclosure risk areas. (springer.com)
  • Austin describes how concentrated poverty is correlated "with a host of social and economic challenges," including: higher crime rates, higher exposure to lead, higher prevalence of alcohol and fast food outlets and fewer opportunities to be physically active due to crime and limited green space. (alternet.org)
  • The distinguishing factor that generally constitutes a ghetto is the prevalence of poverty. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Further, poverty thresholds for people living alone or with nonrelatives (unrelated individuals) vary by age (under 65 years or 65 years and older). (socialexplorer.com)
  • Since the USDAs 1955 Food Consumption Survey showed that families of three or more people across all income levels spent roughly one-third of their income on food, the SSA multiplied the cost of the Economy Food Plan by three to obtain dollar figures for total family income. (socialexplorer.com)
  • But for some areas and people, access to healthy food may be limited due to the lack of stores offering an assortment of healthy foods and financial resources. (usda.gov)
  • A census tract is a small statistical subdivision of a county that usually contains between 1,200 and 8,000 people. (usda.gov)
  • Twin Cities area suburbs and rural areas are home to more people living in poverty than Minneapolis and Saint Paul, and those communities may not be well equipped to deal with the challenge, a Brookings Institution researcher told Metropolitan Council Members in May. (metrocouncil.org)
  • The Brookings' Alan Berube said that not only is the number of people living in poverty higher in the region's suburban and rural areas, but that number is growing faster in these areas than in the central cities. (metrocouncil.org)
  • In those communities, about 168,000 people live in poverty compared with 144,000 in Minneapolis and Saint Paul (U.S. Census, 2013). (metrocouncil.org)
  • The poverty and disorder of the inner cities lacerate a larger civic fabric, drawing people from shared institutions like subways, buses, parks, schools and even cities themselves. (prrac.org)
  • According to the UALR Institute for Economic Advancement, Arkansas currently ranks fourth in the nation with the most people in poverty - of the 2.8 million people in Arkansas, 532,000 (one in five) are in poverty. (aetn.org)
  • Our House in Little Rock, a program for homeless and nearly homeless people, has access to many more resources than it would in a rural area, but it also gets far more requests than it can handle. (aetn.org)
  • These concerns affect the lives of many people--approximately 1 billion people live in poverty (World Bank 2002). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The statistical discrepancies spring from the recession, and from the fact that some "spending units" represent single people, others farm families who have non-money income. (commentarymagazine.com)
  • A major cause of Irish poverty was that more and more people were competing for land. (crf-usa.org)
  • 5 , 6 Moreover, illness and social adversity tend to cluster in the same people and places, so that individuals and areas that are at risk for 1 adverse condition tend to be at risk for multiple social ills. (aappublications.org)
  • Bona and her colleagues are now undertaking further research designed to delve deeper into the relationship between socio-economic status and outcomes and to allow for the development of poverty-targeted interventions. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Socio-economic status (SES) may affect health status in airway disease at the individual and area level. (ersjournals.com)
  • In conclusion, area-level socio-economic status is linked to some, but not all, of the studied health status measures after taking into account individual-level socio-economic status. (ersjournals.com)