An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A British colony in the western North Atlantic Ocean about 640 miles east southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. It comprises a group of about 300 islands of which only about 20 are inhabited. It is called also the Bermuda Islands or the Bermudas. It was named for the Spanish explorer Juan Bermudez who visited the islands in 1515. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p140 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p61)
A superorder of large, mostly flightless birds, named for their distinctive PALATE morphology. It includes the orders Apterygiformes, Casuriiformes, Dinornithiformes, RHEIFORMES; STRUTHIONIFORMES and Tinamiformes.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.
A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects birds. The type species is FOWL ADENOVIRUS A.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.
Discomfort associated with the bones that make up the pelvic girdle. It occurs frequently during pregnancy.
A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE that is a short plant with a distinct whorl of 3 broad leaves.
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain cardenolide oligoglycosides such as adoniside, adonisidum and alepposide.
A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.
A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE that contains platycodin and other triterpenoid SAPONINS. It is a constituent of kikyo-to (MEDICINE, KAMPO).
A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE. Members contain allergens, tuliposide A and tulipalin A.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
The family Hirundinidae, comprised of small BIRDS that hunt flying INSECTS while in sustained flight.
Self-administered health questionnaire developed to obtain details of the medical history as an adjunct to the medical interview. It consists of 195 questions divided into eighteen sections; the first twelve deal with somatic complaints and the last six with mood and feeling patterns. The Index is used also as a personality inventory or in epidemiologic studies.
The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.
Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Prospective patient listings for appointments or treatments.
A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, physical findings, laboratory data, etc. pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
An order of flightless birds comprising the ostriches, which naturally inhabit open, low rainfall areas of Africa.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A reflex found in normal infants consisting of dorsiflexion of the HALLUX and abduction of the other TOES in response to cutaneous stimulation of the plantar surface of the FOOT. In adults, it is used as a diagnostic criterion, and if present is a NEUROLOGIC MANIFESTATION of dysfunction in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Use of HIRUDINS as an anticoagulant in the treatment of cardiological and hematological disorders.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising felines with long legs, ear tufts, and a short tail.
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.

Identification of a novel mycoplasma species from an Oriental white-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis). (1/97)

An intracellular organism was isolated from the tissues of an Oriental white-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis) in chicken embryo fibroblast cell cultures. Biochemical and physical properties, ultrastructural features, and 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing classified this organism as a new taxon of mycoplasma, for which the name "Mycoplasma vulturii" is proposed.  (+info)

Diclofenac poisoning is widespread in declining vulture populations across the Indian subcontinent. (2/97)

Recent declines in the populations of three species of vultures in the Indian subcontinent are among the most rapid ever recorded in any bird species. Evidence from a previous study of one of these species, Gyps bengalensis, in the Punjab province of Pakistan, strongly implicates mortality caused by ingestion of residues of the veterinary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac as the major cause of the decline. We show that a high proportion of Gyps bengalensis and G. indicus found dead or dying in a much larger area of India and Nepal also have residues of diclofenac and visceral gout, a post-mortem finding that is strongly associated with diclofenac contamination in both species. Hence, veterinary use of diclofenac is likely to have been the major cause of the rapid vulture population declines across the subcontinent.  (+info)

Allometry of alarm calls: black-capped chickadees encode information about predator size. (3/97)

Many animals produce alarm signals when they detect a potential predator, but we still know little about the information contained in these signals. Using presentations of 15 species of live predators, we show that acoustic features of the mobbing calls of black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapilla) vary with the size of the predator. Companion playback experiments revealed that chickadees detect this information and that the intensity of mobbing behavior is related to the size and threat of the potential predator. This study demonstrates an unsuspected level of complexity and sophistication in avian alarm calls.  (+info)

Characterization of a new species of adenovirus in falcons. (4/97)

In 1996, a disease outbreak occurred at a captive breeding facility in Idaho, causing anorexia, dehydration, and diarrhea or sudden death in 72 of 110 Northern aplomado falcons (Falco femoralis septentrionalis) from 9 to 35 days of age and in 6 of 102 peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) from 14 to 25 days of age. Sixty-two Northern aplomado and six peregrine falcons died. Epidemiologic analyses indicated a point source epizootic, horizontal transmission, and increased relative risk associated with cross-species brooding of eggs. Primary lesions in affected birds were inclusion body hepatitis, splenomegaly, and enteritis. The etiology in all mortalities was determined by molecular analyses to be a new species of adenovirus distantly related to the group I avian viruses, serotypes 1 and 4, Aviadenovirus. In situ hybridization and PCR demonstrated that the virus was epitheliotropic and lymphotropic and that infection was systemic in the majority of animals. Adeno-associated virus was also detected by PCR in most affected falcons, but no other infectious agents or predisposing factors were found in any birds. Subsequent to the 1996 epizootic, a similar disease caused by the same adenovirus was found over a 5-year period in orange-breasted falcons (Falco deiroleucus), teita falcons (Falco fasciinucha), a merlin (Falco columbarius), a Vanuatu peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus nesiotes), and gyrfalcon x peregrine falcon hybrids (Falco rusticolus/peregrinus) that died in Wyoming, Oklahoma, Minnesota, and California. These findings indicate that this newly recognized adenovirus is widespread in western and midwestern North America and can be a primary pathogen in different falcon species.  (+info)

Isolation and epidemiology of falcon adenovirus. (5/97)

An adenovirus was detected by electron microscopy in tissues from falcons that died during an outbreak of inclusion body hepatitis and enteritis that affected neonatal Northern aplomado (Falco femoralis septentrionalis) and peregrine (Falco peregrinus anatum) falcons. Molecular characterization has identified the falcon virus as a new member of the aviadenovirus group (M. Schrenzel, J. L. Oaks, D. Rotstein, G. Maalouf, E. Snook, C. Sandfort, and B. Rideout, J. Clin. Microbiol. 43:3402-3413, 2005). In this study, the virus was successfully isolated and propagated in peregrine falcon embryo fibroblasts, in which it caused visible and reproducible cytopathology. Testing for serum neutralizing antibodies found that infection with this virus was limited almost exclusively to falcons. Serology also found that wild and captive peregrine falcons had high seropositivity rates of 80% and 100%, respectively, although clinical disease was rarely reported in this species. These data implicate peregrine falcons as the natural host and primary reservoir for the virus. Other species of North American falcons, including aplomado falcons, had lower seropositivity rates of 43 to 57%. Falcon species of tropical and/or island origin were uniformly seronegative, although deaths among adults of these species have been described, suggesting they are highly susceptible. Chickens and quail were uniformly seronegative and not susceptible to infection, indicating that fowl were not the source of infection. Based on the information from this study, the primary control of falcon adenovirus infections should be based on segregation of carrier and susceptible falcon species.  (+info)

Prioritizing species conservation: does the Cape Verde kite exist? (6/97)

The Cape Verde kite (Milvus milvus fasciicauda) is considered to be one of the rarest birds of prey in the world and at significant risk of extinction. For this reason there is great interest in both the taxonomic and the population status of this group. To help resolve its taxonomic status, we provide phylogenetic analyses based on three mitochondrial genes for a sampling of kites in the genus Milvus, including a broad geographical sampling of black kites (Milvus migrans), red kites (Milvus milvus), Cape Verde kite museum specimens collected between 1897 and 1924, and five kites trapped on the Cape Verde Islands during August 2002. We found that the historical Cape Verde kites, including the type specimen, were non-monophyletic and scattered within a larger red kite clade. The recently trapped kites from the Cape Verde Islands were all phylogenetically diagnosed as black kites. Our findings suggest that the traditional Cape Verde kite is not a distinctive evolutionary unit, and the case for species status, as recently suggested by others, is not supported. We do find support for recognition of at least one clade of yellow-billed kites, traditionally considered as a black kite subspecies, as a distinctive phylogenetic species.  (+info)

Semen characteristics of the captive Indian white-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis). (7/97)

The present paper describes, to our knowledge for the first time, the successful collection and evaluation of semen from the Indian white-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis), a critically endangered bird. Over a period of 2 yr, semen was collected using the manual massage method and evaluated for semen volume, semen pH, sperm concentration, percentage normal/abnormal spermatozoa, and percentage motile spermatozoa. It appears that the concentration of spermatozoa and percentage motile spermatozoa in the Indian white-backed vultures are low compared to those in other birds. Tyrode medium supplemented with albumin, lactate, and pyruvate (TALP) proved to be the best semen extender compared to two others (Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender and Lake diluent). Furthermore, TALP with 20% egg yolk and supplemented with 8% dimethyl sulfoxide maintained 50% of the initial percentage of motile spermatozoa following cryopreservation and thawing. A computer-aided semen analysis indicated that the spermatozoa of the Indian white-backed vulture are extremely active and swim in linear trajectories for up to 5 h following dilution in TALP. The trajectories were linear with time, but we noticed a decrease in the velocity parameters (average path velocity, curvilinear velocity, and progressive velocity). Thus, the present study provides baseline data on semen characteristics of the highly endangered Indian white-backed vulture, and these data could be of immense importance to reproductive and conservation biologists attempting to breed these animals in captivity, which to date has not been achieved.  (+info)

Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): changes in thyroid, vitamin A, glutathione homeostasis, and oxidative stress in American kestrels (Falco sparverius). (8/97)

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a class of additive flame retardants, are temporally increasing in wildlife tissues and capable of disrupting normal endocrine function. We determined whether in ovo and post-hatch exposure of captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) to environmentally relevant PBDEs alter thyroid, retinol, and oxidative stress measures. Control eggs were injected with safflower oil and subsequent nestlings fed the same vehicle; dosed eggs received PBDE congeners (BDE-47, -99, -100, -153), which mainly comprise the Penta-BDE commercial mixture, dissolved in safflower oil at concentrations (1500 ng/g total [Sigma] PBDEs) approximating those in Great Lakes gull eggs. Nestlings hatching from dosed eggs were orally exposed for 29 days to variable SigmaPBDE concentrations that are similar to levels reported in tissues of Great Lakes trout (100 ng/g). Treatment kestrels had lower plasma thyroxine (T(4)), plasma retinol, and hepatic retinol and retinyl palmitate concentrations, but unaltered triiodothyronine (T(3)) concentrations and thyroid glandular structure. BDE-47, -100, and -99 were negatively associated with plasma T(4), plasma retinol (BDE-100, -99) and hepatic retinol (BDE-47). Despite an antioxidant-rich diet, PBDE exposure induced hepatic oxidative stress, particularly in females, with an increased hepatic GSSG:GSH ratio, a marginal increase in lipid peroxidation, and increased oxidized glutathione. Positive associations were found between concentrations of BDE-183 and thiols and, in males, between BDE-99 and reduced GSH, but a negative association occurred between BDE-99 and TBARS. Subsequently, concentrations of PBDE congeners in wild birds may alter thyroid hormone and vitamin A concentrations, glutathione metabolism and oxidative stress.  (+info)

Discussion. During the reporting period, a number of vultures were poisoned with organophosphorus or carbamate compounds. On a number of occasions only the crops or the digestive tract were submitted and the specific vulture species involved was not provided, nevertheless, the majority of incidents included African white-backed vultures (Gyps africanus). The indiscriminate use of highly toxic agricultural pesticides by farmers to kill jackals and feral marauding dogs may have a serious ecological impact, as can be seen from the incident in 2013 in which 49 vultures (48 Cape vultures [G. coprotheres] and one African white-backed vulture) were poisoned when a farmer laced sheep carcases with carbofuran to kill jackals preying on new-born lambs (Wildlife Extra.com 2013). This is in contravention of the law as these compounds should be used strictly for the indications for which they are registered (Act 36 of 1947; Government Gazette Regulation No. R.1716 1991). Virani et al. (2011) surmised that ...
Synonyms for American kestrel in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for American kestrel. 3 synonyms for American kestrel: Falco sparverius, kestrel, sparrow hawk. What are synonyms for American kestrel?
There is increasing concern about the impact of veterinary drugs and livestock pathogens as factors damaging wildlife health, especially of threatened avian scavengers feeding upon medicated livestock carcasses. We conducted a comprehensive study of failed eggs and dead nestlings in bearded vultures (Gypaetus barbatus) to attempt to elucidate the proximate causes of breeding failure behind the recent decline in productivity in the Spanish Pyrenees. We found high concentrations of multiple veterinary drugs, primarily fluoroquinolones, in most failed eggs and nestlings, associated with multiple internal organ damage and livestock pathogens causing disease, especially septicaemia by swine pathogens and infectious bursal disease. The combined impact of drugs and disease as stochastic factors may result in potentially devastating effects exacerbating an already high risk of extinction and should be considered in current conservation programs for bearded vultures and other scavenger species, especially in
Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus). Birds of Kazakhstan. author: Askar Isabekov. date: 2017-05-29. location: Naryn sands between Volga and Ural rivers..
Some species of vulture like the Oriental White-backed Vulture prefer to make their nest on coconut trees. But when the trees are chopped off, the vultures lose their home. Some trees may also wither away due to the frequent vulture droppings on the trees, and therefore many times they are cut even though they are healthy.. There are therefore number of reasons leading to decline in vulture population. If the concept of vulture restaurants already started in few locations in India is taken to various parts of the country, it may serve as a beneficial and safe way to provide vultures with food and help them live longer.. - Atula Gupta. Article source Image courtesy foxypar4 via cc Flickr. Related Article. Vulture Restaurants open in India. ...
Hunting kestrels were observed to hang, almost without wing-flapping, in fixed positions over a sea dike. The height and position with respect to the dike profile, the wind direction and velocity and the percentage of hunting time without wing beating were recorded in 429 cases.. The vertical wind angle, θ, the wind speed and its horizontal direction were measured at 13 heights up to 8.8m above the windward slope, the top and the leeward slope of the dike under various wind conditions in 225 cases. These wind profile measurements were used to estimate 6 and wind speed near the hanging birds.. Kestrels hanging more than 90% of the hunting time preferred a position 6.5±1.5m (S.D.) over the windward slope with sea winds blowing at 8.7±1.5ms−1 (S.D.) perpendicular (±30°) to the longitudinal dike axis. For these birds angle θ was approximately 6-7°.. These angles are larger than expected from aerodynamic models and windtunnel measurements. The minimum gliding angle for a kestrel under steady ...
A seminal question in ecotoxicology is the extent to which contaminant exposure evokes prolonged effects on physiological function and fitness. A series of studies were undertaken with American kestrels ingesting environmentally realistic concentrations of the second-generation anticoagulant rodenticide (SGAR) brodifacoum (BROD). Kestrels fed BROD at 0.3, 1.0 or 3.0 µg/g diet wet wt for 7 d exhibited dose-dependent hemorrhage, histopathological lesions and coagulopathy (prolonged prothrombin and Russells viper venom times). Following termination of a 7 d exposure to 0.5 µg BROD/g diet, prolonged blood clotting time returned to baseline values within a week, but BROD residues in liver and kidney (terminal half-life estimates |50 d) persisted during the 28 d recovery period. In order to examine the hazard of sequential AR exposure, kestrels were exposed to either the firstgeneration AR chlorophacinone (CPN; 1.5 µg/g diet) or the SGAR BROD (0.5 µg/g diet) for 7 d, and following a recovery period,...
The structure of the wake behind a kestrel in medium-speed flight down a 36 m length of corridor was analysed qualitatively and quantitatively by stereophotogrammetry of multiple flash photographs of the motion of small soap-covered helium bubbles. The wake consists of a pair of continuous, undulating trailing vortices. The upstroke is therefore aerodynamically active and the circulation appears to remain constant along the wing whose geometry is altered during the course of the wingstroke. It is argued that the flight kinematics, and so the wake structure, of the kestrel may be typical of flapping flight at medium speeds and a flight model based on this wake geometry is presented. Rough estimates of the rate of momentum generated in the wake balance the weight almost exactly and a direct estimate of the induced power requirement from the wake measurements is obtained. The significance of these results for the various alternative aerodynamic descriptions and energetic predictions of models of ...
Asian vultures are in catastrophic decline and could disappear from the wild within a decade, a study has suggested.. One species, the oriental white-backed vulture, which was featured by Disney in its cartoon adaptation of Rudyard Kiplings The Jungle Book, has lost 99.9 per cent of its population in India since 1992. Also at risk are the long-billed and slender-billed vultures. Their numbers have fallen by almost 97 per cent in the same period. Scientists say that the cause is an anti-inflammatory drug given to livestock, which is poisoning vultures that feed on the carcasses of treated animals. The drug, diclofenac, causes kidney failure in the birds.. Conservationists say that banning the sale of diclofenac and constructing more captive breeding centres is the only way…. ...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Monitoring Plan for the American Peregrine Falcon A Species Recovered Under the Endangered Species Act Cover Photo: Peregrine falcon chick, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. Photo by Craig Koppie, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Monitoring Plan for the American Peregrine Falcon A Species Recovered Under the Endangered Species Act December 2003 The Authors This plan was written by Michael Green, Robert Mesta, Marie Morin, Michael Amaral, Robert Currie, Phil Delphey, Rob Hazlewood, Kathy Hollar, Mary Klee, Angela Matz, Martin Miller, and Ted Swem (Appendix A). Contact Address questions about the monitoring plan to Michael Green, National Coordinator, American Peregrine Falcon Monitoring Team, USFWS, Division of Migratory Birds and State Programs, Pacific Region, 911 NE 11th Ave, Portland, OR, 97232. [email protected] Recommended Citation U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Monitoring Plan for the American Peregrine Falcon, A Species Recovered Under the Endangered ...
The gyrfalcon has long associated with humans, primarily for hunting and in the art of falconry. It is the official bird of Canadas Northwest Territories. The white falcon in the crest of the Icelandic Republics coat of arms is a variety of gyrfalcon. The white phase gyrfalcon is the official mascot of the United States Air Force Academy.[27] In the medieval era, the gyrfalcon was considered a royal bird. The geographer and historian Ibn Said al-Maghribi (d. 1286) described certain northern Atlantic islands west of Ireland where these falcons would be brought from, and how the Egyptian Sultan paid 1,000 dinars for each gyrfalcon (or, if it arrived dead, 500 dinars).[28] Due to its rarity and the difficulties involved in obtaining it, in European falconry the gyrfalcon was reserved for kings and nobles; very rarely was a man of lesser rank seen with a gyrfalcon on his fist.[29] In the 12th century AD China, swan-hunting with gyrfalcons (海东青 hǎidōngqīng in Chinese) obtained from the ...
For the second year running, ecologist Ute Bradter won first prize - worth £750 - for Pecking Order, her extraordinary photograph of a group of African white-backed vultures (Gyps africanus) squabbling for dominance over a dead buffalo in South Africas Krüger National Park. Another Leeds PhD student, Nisha Owen, won the Whole Organism category of the competition - and £40 in book tokens - for her image of an Indian leopard and her cub relaxing in a tree to escape the midday heat in South Indias Bandipur National Park. Both images will be on show at the University of Leeds during the BES Annual Meeting from 7-9 September 2010 as part of Celebrating Ecology - an exhibition of stunning photographs from the BES photographic competition. Talking about her winning entry, Ute says: The sheer size of the birds when they spread their wings in their attempts to dominate the dinner table was astonishing. The most impressive scenes, like the one in this picture, were only brief and I am glad to have ...
Old World vultures are not closely related to the superficially similar New World vultures and condors, and do not share that groups good sense of smell. The similarities between the two groups of vultures are due to convergent evolution, rather than a close relationship. They were widespread in both the Old World and North America during the Neogene. Old World vultures are probably a polyphyletic group within Accipitridae, with the palm-nut vulture, Egyptian vulture and bearded vulture separate from the others.[1] Most authorities refer to two major clades: Gypaetinae and Aegypiinae (Aegypius, Gyps, Sarcogyps, Torgos, Trigonoceps and possibly Necrosyrtes). The former seem to be nested with Perninae hawks, while the latter are closely related and possibly even synonymous with Aquilinae.[2] Within Aegypiinae, Torgos, Aegypius, Sarcogyps and Trigonoceps are particularly closely related and possibly within the same genus.[3][4]. Both Old World and New World vultures are scavenging birds, feeding ...
Abstract We first examine how falcons can be integrated into avian tree of life. Then we go one step further and investigate the position of Peregrine Falcons in a comprehensive phylogeny of the falcons (genus Falco), which was reconstructed on the basis of DNA sequences. Whether the 19 subspecies of the Peregrine Falcon can be identified genetically is examined in the next step. Recently, the question of Peregrine Falcons genetics in Central Europe has become of wider interest. Which subspecies was present before the collapse of populations and which currently after various reintroduction projects? Evidence is provided, that Central Europe constitutes a (natural) hybrid zone between F. p. brookei from the Mediterranean and F. p. peregrinus of northern Europe.
is dedicated to the 10 species of woodpecker (Picidae) that breed in Europe: 9 resident species and the migratory Wryneck. 8 of these 10 also occur outside Europe, with the distribution of Eurasian Three-toed, White-backed, Lesser Spotted, Great Spotted, Black & Grey-headed Woodpeckers stretching eastwards from the Western Palearctic into Asia, whilst Syrian is found in the Middle East & Asia Minor & Wryneck winters in Africa. The global ranges of Green & Middle Spotted Woodpeckers are confined to the Western Palearctic ...
The strong habitat effect revealed the unsuitability of intensive arable lands with respect to extensive grasslands for lesser kestrels. Notably, artichokes, a winter-intensive crop, proved to be a high-quality habitat as they were associated with survival values equal to those of grassland. This is likely due to prey availability and reveals that non-traditional crops may provide suitable habitats for lesser kestrels. Information theory gave strong support to the negative influence of colony size on fecundity, albeit a small one, for its positive effect on survival probability. The estimated population growth rate was negative for all three habitats, indicating a decline over time and urging conservation actions in all of the areas studied. This decline was much higher in colonies surrounded by arable fields. In sensitivity analyses, λ indicated that adult survival was the parameter with the greatest effect on population growth, followed by survival of fledglings and fecundity. Our study ...
Identifying key demographic parameters for the viability of a growing population of the endangered Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus - Volume 25 Issue 4 - HELENA TAULER, JOAN REAL, ANTONIO HERNÁNDEZ-MATÍAS, PERE AYMERICH, JORDI BAUCELLS, CARLES MARTORELL, JOAN SANTANDREU
Kestrel 5500 Pocket Weather Meter with Link Vane Mount (0855LVYEL) The worlds most complete weather meter AND the worlds most portable weather station. Lightweight, handheld, multi-function weather meter and data logger with large sunlight-readable graphing display and tripod vane mount option. The next generation of weather monitoring is the here with the Kestrel 5500 Weather Meter. This Kestrel meter does it all. The Kestrel 5500 provides the same trusted accuracy, reliability, and usability as the original Kestrel 4500. Measure every environmental condition plus wind direction, crosswind and headwind/tailwind. Use it golfing, sailing, flying, spraying, shooting and more. Drop-proof, dust-proof, waterproof and able to withstand extreme environments without damage, your Kestrel weather meter travels with you anywhere you dare to go. A range of carry pouch options makes it even easier to take your Kestrel meter with you. The Kestrel 5 Series platform adds many new features and options. If youre
8. Xirouchakis, S. 2003. Population trends and aspects of breeding biology of the Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus in Crete (1996-2002). In: Sarrazin, F. & Thiollay, J-M. (Eds): Proceedings of the international meeting. Conservation and management of Bearded Vulture populations. Ligue pour la protection des Oiseaux (LPO), Tende, France, pp. 61-67 ...
Kestrels can hover in still air, even indoors in barns. Because they face towards any slight wind[1] when hovering, the common kestrel is called a windhover in some areas. Unusual for falcons, plumage often differs between male and female, although as is usual with monogamous raptors the female is slightly larger than the male. This allows a pair to fill different feeding niches over their home range. Kestrels are bold and have adapted well to human encroachment, nesting in buildings and hunting by major roads. Kestrels do not build their own nests, but use nests built by other species. Most species termed kestrels appear to form a distinct clade among the falcons, as suggested by comparison of mtDNA cytochrome b sequence data [2] and morphology. This seems to have diverged from other Falco around the Miocene-Pliocene boundary (Messinian to Zanclean, or about 7-3.5 mya). The most basal true kestrels are three species from Africa and its surroundings which lack a malar stripe, and in one case ...
Portugal has important populations of Cinereous, Egyptian and Griffon Vultures and are all protected by national legislation. Conservation work and investment done by NGOs and the national government have seen vulture populations increase. Griffon vultures now number about 1000 pairs, while the Cinereous Vulture, which went extinct in the 1970s, has recently recolonised the country since 2010 with 25+ breeding pairs now found in the country. Whilst our LIFE Rupis project is working to protect and support one of the largest populations (135 pairs) of Egyptian Vultures in Europe in the Douro Canyon. A very real threat to the vultures of Portugal We here at the Vulture Conservation Foundation have been alerting the European and national authorities since 2014 about the possible impacts of this medicine on vultures, having appealed to the Portuguese Government not to authorise the use of this substance. Given the potential impacts of diclofenac on these species, their eating habits and small ...
September 26, 2003 We have just received a belated Peregrine Falcon sighting from August. A viewer who is a delivery driver reported seeing five peregrines on a building at 90 Dey Street in Jersey City. He reported that this building is relatively vacant and is home to a large number of pigeons. It is entirely possible that the 101 Hudson Street falcons were still at least occasionally in the company of their parents at that time. Perhaps through viewer sightings we will be able to increase our knowledge of the dispersal of young falcons. Since Peregrines can wander quite far from their nest site after fledging, there is a lot unknown about exactly how long the young birds stay with their parents and each other before striking out on their own. On the New Jersey hawk watches this past week we have seen a number of juvenile peregrines. Peregrine Falcon migration peaks in the first two weeks of October, and there is nothing quite so glorious as a Peregrine Falcon in flight, sometimes stooping ...
Health,Concerned at the effect of the anti-inflammatory drug Dicolofenec on t...At a press meet here today the director of the prominent NGO Bomb...The circular said with the approval of the Health Mministry the l...Stating that serious concern had been expressed over the decline o...Expressing concern at the fall in the vulture population Rahmani ...,Drug,Controller,General,to,Withdraw,Drug,that,Affects,Vulture,Population,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Genetic plumage polymorphism in birds is increasingly recognized as a potentially important trait influencing birds life histories. In the common buzzard Buteo buteo, the 3 color morphs vary in lifetime reproductive success (LRS), but the proximate mechanisms leading to these differences are unknown. We first confirmed the stability of the fitness differences found previously, using a greatly extended LRS data set. To find potential causes for these differences, we experimentally studied variation in aggressive behavior of the morphs, both against an interspecific predator and intraspecific competitors. The morphs showed substantial variation in aggressive behavior. Light-colored males were most aggressive toward an interspecific predator, followed by intermediate and dark males. In females, this pattern was reversed, resulting in sex-related differences of aggression in 2 morphs. When defending their territory against intraspecific competitors, no absolute difference in aggression was found, ...
We studied annual and lifetime reproductive success (LRS) of both sexes of common buzzard Buteo buteo in eastern Westphalia, Germany. We followed a bottom-up approach starting from individual breeding attempts, over lifetime reproductive success to derive population demography. Annual breeding performance and survival followed a quadratic relationship with breeding experience; individuals starting their breeding career were less likely to survive and breed successfully than birds of intermediate breeding experience. According to an analysis of selection gradients, both the opportunity and intensity of selection peaked in the early stages of the breeding career. The distribution of both LRS and another fitness measure, lambda, was highly skewed, with ca 17% of adult birds producing 50% of fledglings in both sexes. Besides breeding life span and number of breeding attempts, habitat quality and plumage morph were significant predictors of LRS. There were strong differences in LRS and lambda between ...
Gautschi, B., I. Tenzer, J. P. Muller, and B. Schmid. 2000. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) and cross-amplification in three Old World vulture species. Molecular Ecology. 9: 2193-2195.. - Gavashelishvili A., M. J. McGrady, and Z. Javakhishvili. 2006. Planning the conservation of the breeding population of cinereous vultures Aegypius monachus in the Republic of Georgia. Oryx. 40 (1): 76-83.. - Gavashelishvili A., and M. J. McGrady. 2006. Geographic information system-based modeling of vulture response to carcass appearance in the Caucasus. Journal of Zoology. 269: 365.. - Hertel, F. 1994. Diversity in Body Size and Feeding Morphology within Past and Present Vulture Assemblages. Ecology. 75 (4):1074-1084.. - Hiebl, I., D. Schneeganss, F. Grimm, J. Kosters, and G. Braunitzer. 1987. The primary structures of the major and minor hemoglobin component of adult European black vulture (Aegypius monachus, Aegypiinae). Biol. Chem. ...
The first overarching goal dealing with adult mortality reduction involves a suite of actions that could be summarized as follows: - Investigate the impact of agriculture chemicals and Identify as poisoning agents and evaluate the use of veterinary drugs to inform response strategy; - Lobbying to secure appropriate changes of legislation regarding the use of dangerous pesticides and vet medicine products; - Develop local action plans against wildlife poisoning; - Test of alternative methods to reduce human-wildlife conflict that trigger Egyptian vulture persecution; - Establish a pan-Balkan network of stakeholders against wildlife poisoning; - Evaluate the magnitude of damages to Egyptian vulture due to poisoning, electrocution and illegal killing along the flyway; - Establish controlled local carcass dumps to support non-territorial birds at key sites; - Test alternatives to use of strychnine or other poisons to control rabies at key congregation sites in the wintering grounds in Africa; - ...
Apart from diclofenac, which of the following veterinary painkiller is found causing damage to vulture population? [A]levorphanol [B]Tramadol [C]Aceclofenac [D]Aminofenac Show Answer Aceclofenac
Panaji: Twelve species of birds in Western Ghat`s region of Goa have been categorised as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).. According to Parag Rangnekar, a senior member of Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN) Of these 12, two are critically endangered, six are vulnerable and four are nearly threatened.. Bird species including white-backed Vulture, long-billed Vulture, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon and Great Pied Hornbill are among those who may be facing extinction from forests around Goa.. The reasons, he said, are diverse. In case of vultures it has been the veterinary drug, diclofenac, which has been responsible but the major cause in most cases is loss of habitat, he said.. Environmentalists say that protecting these bird species has become a priority since loss of their habitat is a major cause of this situation. Specifically for vultures, banning diclofenac completely is the need. Long-term approach is also of creating awareness ...
Destruction of birds by a cattle drug presents the Parsis of India with a dilemma. MUMBAI - Smack in the middle of the thicket of ultramodern high-rises that make up Malabar Hill, one of Mumbais most exclusive neighbourhoods, followers of an ancient religion are fighting to preserve funeral rites that go back thousands of years. The Parsis - so called because their ancestors immigrated from Fars, or Persepolis, in Iran - are Zoroastrians, who believe that earth, water, air and fire are sacred elements. For that reason, their religion forbids them from burying or cremating their dead. Instead, in a ceremony that no outsider is allowed to witness, pallbearers followed by a procession of mourners in flowing white robes carry the body to one of five tremendous stone structures, evocatively named the Towers of Silence, where the corpse is laid out on a marble slab to be dried up by the sun and devoured by carrion birds. A great flock of white-backed vultures used to strip the bodies of the dead in ...
Meera Subramanians Elemental India: The Natural World at a Time of Crisis and Opportunity tells five tales of Indias efforts to balance economic development and environmental protection. The book is divided into chapters entitled Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Ether-to investigate the five aspects of sustainable development: organic farming, clean cookstoves, freshwater, endangered species, and population and family planning. Subramanian is a US-based freelance journalist who received a Fulbright-Nehru Senior Research Fellowship and a grant from the Fund for Environmental Journalism to support reporting for her book.. In the following excerpt, she describes the carcass dump in Bikaner, Rajasthan once home to the White-backed vultures and the longbilled vultures. However the widespread use Diclofenac, a common anti-inflammatory drug administered to livestock has resulted in their near extinction. The drug is fatal to vultures if they eat from the carcass of an animal that has been treated with ...
Lead, a serious threat for raptors, can hamper the success of their conservation. This study reports on experience with accidental lead intoxication and responses to chelation therapy in captive Cinereous (Aegypius monachus) and Egyptian (Neophron percnopterus) Vultures. Soil contamination by lead-based paint sanded off the steel aviary resulted in poisoning of eight Cinereous and two Egyptian Vultures. A male Egyptian Vulture developed signs of apathy, polydipsia, polyuria, regurgitation, and stupor, and died on the next day. Liver, kidney and blood lead concentrations were 12.2, 8.16 and 2.66 μg/g, respectively. Laboratory analyses confirmed severe liver and kidney damage and anaemia. Blood Pb levels of Pb-exposed Cinereous Vultures were 1.571 ± 0.510 μg/g shortly after intoxication, decreased to 0.530 ± 0.165 μg/g without any therapy in a month and to 0.254 ± 0.097 μg/g one month after CaNa2EDTA administration. Eight months later, blood lead levels decreased to close to the background of the
Melanin is one of the major pigments of vertebrates and has many suggested functions. Although it is supposed to have an antipathogenic effect, its relationship to infection with ecto- and endoparasites largely remains to be examined. The common buzzard Buteo buteo occurs in three eumelanin morphs which differ in their lifetime reproductive success. We examined the distribution of the blood-sucking ectoparasite Carnus haemapterus and the blood parasite Leucocytozoon toddi among buzzard nestlings and related parasite infection to the morph of the host and its parents. We controlled the effect of melanin morph on parasites for the potentially confounding total leukocyte numbers, heterophil : lymphocyte ratio (H : L ratio), age, sex, hierarchical rank within the brood and annual food availability. Blood parasite prevalence was lower in offspring of intermediately coloured males. This pattern was apparent during high and low food availability, and although this result did not remain under ...
The common buzzard (Buteo buteo) is a bird of prey, very widespread in the Old World. It lives in most of Europe and into Asia. It is between 51 and 57 cm in length. The wings are between 110-150 cm (48-60 inch) when spread out. They can have a lot of different colours, from almost pure white to black. Usually, they are brown.. It breeds in woodlands. It hunts over open land. It eats mainly small mammals like pheasant, rabbit and also lizards. It can be seen walking over recently ploughed fields looking for worms and insects.. Buzzards do not normally form flocks, but several may be seen together on migration or in a good habitat. Pairs mate for life.. ...
The Griffon Bruxellois or Brussels Griffon is a breed of toy dog, named for their city of origin: Brussels, Belgium. The Griffon Bruxellois may refer to three different breeds, the Griffon Bruxellois, the Griffon Belge and the Petit Brabançon. Identical in standard except for coat and colour differences, in some standards they are considered varieties of the same breed, much like Belgian Shepherd Dogs. The three variations of this dog, the Brussels Griffon (Griffon Bruxellois), the Belgian Griffon (Griffon Belge), and the Petit Brabançon, all descend from an old type of dog called a Smousje, a rough coated, small terrier-like dog kept in stables to eliminate rodents, similar to the Dutch Smoushond. The little wire-haired dog in the foreground of the Jan van Eyck painting The Arnolfini Marriage is thought to be an early form of this breed. In Belgium coachmen were fond of their alert little Griffons dEcurie (wiry coated stable dogs) and in the 19th century, they bred their Griffons with ...
Eurasian Kestrel: Small falcon, spotted rufous upperparts, brown-streaked buff underparts. Gray head, black moustache stripe. Tail is black- and blue-gray banded with black tip. Feeds on large insects, small rodents and birds. Alternates rapid wing beats with a glide. Soars on thermals and updrafts.
Eurasian Kestrel: Small falcon, spotted rufous upperparts, brown-streaked buff underparts. Gray head, black moustache stripe. Tail is black- and blue-gray banded with black tip. Feeds on large insects, small rodents and birds. Alternates rapid wing beats with a glide. Soars on thermals and updrafts.
Despite extensive research, the potential costs that keep secondary sexual traits honest and evolutionary stable remain somewhat elusive. Many carotenoid-based signals are regulated by testosterone (T), which has been suggested to impose a cost to the signaller by suppression of the immune system or an increase in oxidative stress. Results are, however, inconsistent, which may be due to the fact that T can be metabolised to both 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT, a potent androgen) and oestradiol (E2, a potent oestrogen). To evaluate for the first time the independent effect of these testosterone metabolites on oxidative status, circulating carotenoids and a carotenoid-dependent sexual signal, we administered DHT and E2 to captive non-breeding adult kestrels Falco tinnunculus of both sexes. E2 increased oxidative damage and downregulated the antioxidant barrier without affecting colouration or circulating carotenoids. In contrast, DHT did not affect oxidative status, but increased skin redness, ...
Did you know that there are only 23 species of vultures in the world? All vulture species are split into 2 groups: Old World Vultures and New World Vultures. While there are many differing characteristics between these 2 groups, the biggest is their range: Old World Vultures are found in Asia, Africa and Europe while New World Vultures are found in North, Central and South America.. The only species of vulture found in Michigan is the Turkey Vulture. This vulture is large, ranging from 2 to 4 pounds with a 5.5 to 6 foot wing span. It is mostly black with a pink featherless head and neck.. ...
There is awareness that vultures are the most threatened group of raptors and that they face serious challenges in South-East Asia, Africa and, probably, in Europe. The involvement of the IAF in vulture issues is controversial. There is a link with electrocution risk and various falconers and falconry groups around the world are involved with their conservation. IAF is supporting the involvement of Pakistani falconers in the area of vulture conservation.. Although vultures are frequently not included in birds of prey discussions, the IAF is still anxious to play a supportive role in vulture conservation through lobbying and education. IAF is also deeply concerned about the continued availability and use of Diclofenac in the EU and around the world. IAF has campaigned with MEPs to lobby the European Parliament in order to have it banned within the EU, where it still affects vultures in France, Spain and Italy.. ...
As you might imagine, it takes a pretty impressive bird to live up the name King anything, and the King Vulture does not disappoint. The King Vulture is arguably one of the worlds most beautiful vultures. It is covered in predominantly white feathers. Its white wings are highlighted with contrasting black feather tips, wing coverts and tail. Like other vulture species, the King Vulture has a mostly featherless head and neck. And, perhaps surprisingly, this is where the King Vultures true beauty lies. It has a white eye and red eye ring, an orange-red beak, and its head and neck are a virtual rainbow of colors such as orange, pink, yellow, purple, grey and black. It has a grayish ruff around its neck, which resembles a fluffy scarf. It has a bright yellow and orange-red caruncle, or wattle - a fleshy nob, above its cere - which usually doesnt form completely until the vulture is about 4 years old or so. Finally, its feet are a dull grey color. Juvenile King Vultures are mostly all black. The ...
2.4.1.251 GlcA-beta-(1->2)-D-Man-alpha-(1->3)-D-Glc-beta-(1->4)-D-Glc-alpha-1-diphospho-ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol 4-beta-mannosyltransferase ...
Memorandum of Understanding concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia. ...
the Application of Mitigation Measures. PLoS ONE, 6 (11): e28212.. Guzmán, J., Castaño, J. P. (1998). Electrocución de rapaces en líneas eléctricas de distribución en Sierra Morena oriental y campo de Montiel. Ardeola, 45 (2): 161-169.. Hiraldo. E., Veiga, J. P., Mañez, M. (1990). Growth of nestlings Black Kites Milvus migrans: Effects of hatching order, weather and time of season. Journal of Zoology, 222: 197-214. Jones, A. M., Mañez, M. (1990). Cannibalism by black kite (Milvus migrans). Journal of Raptor Research, 24 (1-2): 28-29. Jubete, F. (2005). Seguimiento de las poblaciones de milano negro (Milvus migrans) y milano real (Milvus milvus) en el basurero de Palencia. Pp. 311-316. En: Jubete, F. (Ed.) Anuario Ornitológico de Palencia (1998-2001). Asociación de Naturalistas Palentinos, Palencia. Lekuona, J. M., Ursúa, C. (2009). Mortalidad de aves en parques eólicos de Navarra (norte de España). Pp. 187-202. En: De Lucas, M., Janss, G. F. E., Ferrer, M. (Eds.). Aves y parques ...
Congress president Sonia Gandhi’s intrepid letter writing activity, one particular missive †in no way as contentious as her intervention on FDI in retail †stands out for reaching out to a small but important community in India, the Parsis.. In a letter to health minister Anbumani Ramadoss in May last year, Ms Gandhi backed the ban of the veterinary use of Diclofenac, a drug that caused massive wipe-out of vulture population. The drug caused fatal kidney failure in the birds feeding on the carcasses of cattle treated with the anti-inflammatory preparation.. The issued a notification for the drug’s ban within three months. Diclofenac was replaced by Meloxicam by August 2006. While the environmental evidence in support of banning Diclofenac was substantial, the vulture population’s near extinction was being keenly felt by the Parsis.. The Zoroastrian Parsi community observes a sky burial ritual, where its dead are committed to be eaten by vultures or birds of prey ...
The most alarming of all mans assaults upon the environment is the contamination of air, earth, rivers, and sea with dangerous and even lethal materials. Rachel Carsons Silent Spring (1962). In recent times humans have released thousands of synthetic chemicals and pollutants into the environment, creating conditions that wildlife species had never experienced before. Due to this wildlife populations have suffered severe losses or even faced extinction. Diclofenac a common veterinary drug nearly caused the extinction of Gyps vultures. Gyps vulture feeding on dead cattle that were treated with diclofenac die due to gout and kidney failure. The timely ban on the drug by the Government has stemmed further decline of vultures now slowly recovering. Other synthetic chemicals like DDT biomagnified due to their fat soluble nature and reached high concentrations in species on top of the food chain. By altering calcium metabolism, resulting in egg shell thinning in apex predators like, the bald eagle, ...
Griffon vultures are very sociable and usually breed in colonies, which can include more than 100 breeding pairs. The couples defend against the opposite species only the immediate nest area. The courtship consists of common circles and tandem flights in which one partner copies each flight of the other bird. Occasionally the male takes some nesting material into the beak and then follows the female in the air for a few minutes. The nests are built on ledges of rock walls, under rock overhangs or in open niches and caves. They consist of sticks and twigs and are laid out with green branches or grass. The breeding period is from the end of December to the end of March. A single egg is laid, which is usually pure white with small red-brown spots. Both partners take turns incubating, which takes 47 to 57 days. The chick is alternately supplied with food by both partners, which is brought to the nest in the goitre and regurgitated there. The young bird leaves the nest on average after about 135 ...
Define Buzzards Bay. Buzzards Bay synonyms, Buzzards Bay pronunciation, Buzzards Bay translation, English dictionary definition of Buzzards Bay. An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in southeast Massachusetts connected with Cape Cod Bay by the Cape Cod Canal. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English...
Email. INGLEWOOD, Calif. - Buzzards Bay, the winner of the Grade 2 Californian Stakes earlier this month, will miss the $750,000 Hollywood Gold Cup on June 30 because of a sore back, trainer Ron Ellis said Sunday. Hes still a little stiff behind, so well skip it, Ellis said of the Gold Cup. Hes not coming back the way Id like. Owned by Gary Broad, Buzzards Bay, 5, was a leading contender for the Gold Cup based on his recent win. A winner of 6 of 18 starts and $1,325,507, Buzzards Bay won the Californian by a nose for his first stakes win since the 2006 Oaklawn Handicap. Buzzards Bay has dealt with back problems all along, Ellis said. We thought hed get better. He said Buzzards Bay has not had a workout since the Californian, but has been regularly going to the track for exercise. Buzzards Bay will be pointed for the $300,000 San Diego Handicap at 1 1/16 miles on July 21 at Del Mar, a prep to the $1 million Pacific Classic on Aug. 19, Ellis said. Well point for the San Diego, Ellis ...
In Botswana, conservationists fear that the pesticide used by the government to prevent birds from ravaging commercial crops might kill other species. Officials are using aerial sprays to target breeding places of the quelea in Panadamatenga in northern Botswana, where there have been reports of birds destroying 20 tons of corn a day.. Keddy Mooketsa, Birdlife Botswana project manager, said the quelea, which gather together in flocks, were causing trouble as they breed quickly, but the environmentally safer controls like bush burning should be used.. That area is a breeding site for the white-backed vultures which can feed on the dead birds. The Kori bustard also is found there and it feeds on insects which would not escape the chemical.. The worlds heaviest flying bird is the Kori bustard, with males weighing close to 44 pounds, and Birdlife Botswana lists it to be a conversation concern. The bird is classified as a vulture with a distinct white back and is listed as near threatened by the ...
The eggs of peregrine falcons living in Californias big cities contain some of the highest levels ever found in wildlife of a flame retardant used in consumer products, a new study has found. Studies of peregrine falcon eggs and chicks by state scientists reveal that the birds hunting in San Francisco, Long Beach, Los Angeles and San Diego are ingesting the flame retardant called PBDEs, believed to leach out of foam mattresses, synthetic fabrics, plastic casings of televisions, electronics and other products. The predator birds - which can fly 200 mph - feed on pigeons and other birds, which probably pick up the chemicals in the environment from sewage, landfills and runoff, scientists say. Information from these species can be useful to us in protecting the sensitive members of our population like infants, children and pregnant women, said Kim Hooper, one of the leading research scientists with the California Environmental Protection Agencys Environmental Chemistry Laboratory. The work, which
Define family Accipitridae. family Accipitridae synonyms, family Accipitridae pronunciation, family Accipitridae translation, English dictionary definition of family Accipitridae. Noun 1. family Accipitridae - hawks; Old World vultures; kites; harriers; eagles Accipitridae bird family - a family of warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrates...
Saturday 5 September is International Vulture Awareness Day (IVAD). At the Hawk Conservancy Trust, we love vultures, and we work every day to raise awareness and educate the public about the plight of these wonderful birds and the vital conservation and research work we do to help vulture populations in the wild. Our International Vulture Programme (IVP) has projects in southern and East Africa and south Asia, and we are extremely grateful to our IVP partners who help to fund this programme.. This International Vulture Awareness Day on 5 September 2020 we will pull out all the stops for vultures! If you are lucky enough to visit, we will have even more vultures in our fantastic flying displays, colouring and activity sheets for kids, a poisoning crime scene to investigate, and a one-off display with a very special vulture to conclude the day. If you are not able to make it in to the Trust, we will have plenty of updates and posts on social media, including this article which gives all the latest ...
Falco er ei biologisk slekt av rovfuglar som er utbreidd på alle kontinenta i verda med i alt ca. 38 artar. Falco femnar om fleirtalet av falkeartane i verda[1] og samtlege falkar utbreidd i Europa.[2] Vandrefalkar har vorte registrert i 320 km/t under stup, noko som gjer dei til dei snøggaste skapningar ein kjenner.[3] Andre kjente falkar i denne slekta er jaktfalk, slagfalk og dvergfalk. Somme Falco-artar har fellesnamet hobby på engelsk. Hobby er typisk mørke, små falkar med lange smale venger, i Europa representert med arten lerkefalk, Falco subbuteo, engelsk Eurasian Hobby. Ei anna gruppe svevar mykje under jakt og kallast kestrel på engelsk, der tårnfalk og raudfalk er ein typiske artar i Europa, medan sporvefalk, American Kestrel er vidt utbreidd i Amerika. Falco-slekta er ein del av falkefamilien, Falconidae, som òg inkluderer karakaraer, latterfalk, parakittfalk, pygmefalkar, skogfalkar og falkonettar.[1] Vaksne falkar i denne slekta har tynne koniske venger, som gjer ...
Sogatella furcifera is an important phloem sap-sucking and plant virus-transmitting migratory insect of rice. Because of its high reproductive potential, dispersal capability and transmission of plant viral diseases, S. furcifera causes considerable damage to rice grain production and has great economical and agricultural impacts. Here we present a total of 241.3 Gb of raw reads from the whole genome of S. furcifera generated by Illumina sequencing using different combinations of mate-pair and paired-end libraries from 17 insert libraries ranging between 180 bp and 40 kbp. The final genome assembly (0.72 Gb), with average N50 contig size of 70.7 kb and scaffold N50 of 1.18 Mb, covers 98.6% of the estimated genome size of S. furcifera. Genome annotation, assisted by eight different developmental stages (embryos, 1st-5th instar nymphs, 5-day-old adults and 10-day-old adults), generated 21 254 protein-coding genes, which captured 99.59% (247/248) of core CEGMA genes and 91.7% (2453/2675) of BUSCO genes.
BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.. del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.. Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the world. Christopher Helm, London.. Global Raptors Information Network. 2015. Species account: Black Kite Milvus migrans. Available at: http://www.globalraptors.org/grin/SpeciesResults.asp?specID=8305. (Accessed: 02/07/2015).. IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).. Johnson, J. A.; Watson, R. T.; Mindell, D. P. 2005. Prioritizing species conservation: does the Cape Verde Kite exist? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 272: 1365-1371.. Orta, J., Marks, J.S., Garcia, E.F.J. and Kirwan, G.M. 2015. Black Kite (Milvus migrans). In: del Hoyo, J., ...
Having checked the output of trips to the Emirates, Oman, Romania & Poland, Bird Lens is proud to show more excellent images of birds shot in these countries at excellent destinations in the gallery of the pictures shop. There were some excellent opportunities to photograph on several occasions in the desert, in the mountains and on the water. Besides the birds added are Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus), Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus), Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus), Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus), Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca), Great Bittern (Botaurus stellaris), Little Crake (Porzana parva), Grey Hypocolius (Hypocolius ampelinus), Grey-faced Woodpecker (Picus canus), Palestine Sunbird (Cinnyris oseus), Pied Wheatear (Oenanthe pleschanka) and many more.. If you are interested in a particular species, please use the list of the western palearctic or use the Search-Function in the left column in the Pictures Shop or search by the taxonomic systems in ...
With breathtaking views of the Himalayas, you can soar alongside Egyptian Vultures and Black Kites who will approach to take food out of your hand. They are specially trained rescue birds who cant be returned to the wild. Among them is Kevin the young Egyptian Vulture, famous for his scrapes with Steppe Eagles. The ultimate aim of the venture is to draw attention to the serious decline of Asian vultures, being poisoned to extinction by vet-prescribed drug Diclofenac. Visit www.parahawking.com for more information, as well as www.himalayanraptorrescue.org Adventure holidays in Nepal, Nature holidays, Nepal nature, Wildlife holidays in Nepal , Tags: adventure holiday in Nepal, flying with birds of prey in Nepal, flying with vultures, paragliding adventure in nepal, paragliding with raptors, parahawking in the Himalayas, saving Asian vultures, vultures endangered by diclofenac, ...
The topographic distribution of retinal ganglion cells and their cell body size have been studied in five Falconiform species, including predatory (chilean eagle Buteo fuscenses australis, and sparrow hawk Falco sparverius) and carrion-eating (chimango caracara Milvago chimango; condor Vultur gryphus, and black vulture Coragyps atratus) birds. All these species had a well defined nasal fovea and a horizontal streak. Instead of a temporal fovea as in eagles and hawks, an afoveate temporal area is present in chimango, condor, and vulture. the highest ganglion cell density was found in the nasal fovea of Falco and Buteo with 65,000 and 62,000 cells/mm2, respectively.A negative correlation between ganglion cell density and cell body size was found in all the species studied. the specializations of the temporal retina showed a rather homogeneous population of medium sized neurons, while the nasal foveas showed a homogeneous population of smaller ganglion cells. Finally, the peripheral retina showed a ...
Looking for online definition of Griffon Belge in the Medical Dictionary? Griffon Belge explanation free. What is Griffon Belge? Meaning of Griffon Belge medical term. What does Griffon Belge mean?
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TY - JOUR. T1 - NSAIDs detected in Iberian avian scavengers and carrion after diclofenac registration for veterinary use in Spain. AU - Herrero-villar, Marta. AU - Velarde, Roser. AU - Camarero, Pablo R.. AU - Taggart, Mark A.. AU - Bandeira, Victor. AU - Fonseca, Carlos. AU - Marco, Ignasi. AU - Mateo, Rafael. N1 - © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/7/3. Y1 - 2020/7/3. N2 - Despite the now well recognised impact of diclofenac on vultures across the Indian subcontinent, this non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) was registered in 2013 for livestock treatment in Spain, Europes main vulture stronghold. We assessed the risk of exposure to diclofenac and nine other NSAIDs in avian scavengers in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) after the onset of diclofenac commercialization. We sampled 228 livestock carcasses from vulture feeding sites, primarily pig (n = 156) and sheep (n = 45). We also sampled tissues of 389 avian scavenger carcasses (306 Eurasian griffon ...
Diurnal raptors (birds of the orders Accipitriformes and Falconiformes), renowned for their extraordinarily sharp eyesight, have fascinated humans for centuries. The high visual acuity in some raptor species is possible due to their large eyes, both in relative and absolute terms, and a high density of cone photoreceptors. Some large raptors, such as wedge-tailed eagles and the Old World vultures, have visual acuities twice as high as humans and six times as high as ostriches-the animals with the largest terrestrial eyes. The raptor retina has rods, double cones, and four spectral types of single cones. The highest density of single cones occurs in one or two specialized retinal regions: the foveae, where, at least in some species, rods and double cones are absent. The deep central fovea allows for the highest acuity in the lateral visual field that is probably used for detecting prey from a large distance. Pursuit-hunting raptors have a second, shallower, temporal fovea that allows for sharp vision in
JenMarie Zeleznak, Touch Me Deeply As You Once Had, And I Will Not Soon Forget It, 2016. Watercolor Pencil on Paper, 30 x 30 in.. Sold. ...
CNN fires Kathy Griffin What Do You Think About Kathy Griffins unforgivable message to America and the world? Write us in the Comment Section Below CNN cuts ties with Kathy Griffin over beheading video. What Do You Think About Kathy Griffins inexcusable message to America and the world Kathy Griffin wont be back as…
ID A0A091PET3_HALAL Unreviewed; 1151 AA. AC A0A091PET3; DT 26-NOV-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 26-NOV-2014, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 15. DE SubName: Full=Voltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1H {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFQ05876.1}; DE Flags: Fragment; GN ORFNames=N329_02628 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFQ05876.1}; OS Haliaeetus albicilla (White-tailed sea-eagle). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Archelosauria; Archosauria; Dinosauria; Saurischia; Theropoda; OC Coelurosauria; Aves; Neognathae; Falconiformes; Accipitridae; OC Accipitrinae; Haliaeetus. OX NCBI_TaxID=8969 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFQ05876.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000054379}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFQ05876.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000054379} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=BGI_N329 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFQ05876.1}; RA Zhang G., Li C.; RT Genome evolution of avian class.; RL Submitted (APR-2014) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. ...
Across Africa, the illegal use of poison is triggering a continent-wide scavenger crisis, with vultures suffering the most severe negative consequences. Vultures may die as indirect victims of the conflict between livestock farmers and predators, or they may be directly targeted by poachers with the aim to reduce the role of vultures as sentinels that alert authorities of poaching events. In this study, we provide novel information on vulture mortalities across the commercial farmlands of Namibia. We show that estimated mortalities of vultures due to anthropogenic causes amount to over 800 individuals over the period 2000-2015, which underscores the magnitude of the problem. The highest numbers of vulture deaths were reported from the southern half of the country, with the exception of the areas just south of Etosha National Park, and poisoning was the greatest cause of reported deaths. Aldicarb or carbofuran were the most commonly used poisons, but strychnine is still used by about one farmer ...
BACKGROUND: Studies of non-model species are important for understanding the molecular processes underpinning phenotypic variation under natural ecological conditions. The common buzzard (Buteo buteo; Aves: Accipitriformes) is a widespread and common Eurasian raptor with three distinct plumage morphs that differ in several fitness-related traits, including parasite infestation. To provide a genomic resource for plumage polymorphic birds in general and to search for candidate genes relating to fitness, we generated a transcriptome from a single dead buzzard specimen plus easily accessible, minimally invasive samples from live chicks. RESULTS: We not only de novo assembled a near-complete buzzard transcriptome, but also obtained a significant fraction of the transcriptome of its malaria-like parasite, Leucocytozoon buteonis. By identifying melanogenesis-related transcripts that are differentially expressed in light ventral and dark dorsal feathers, but which are also expressed in other regions of ...
This list contains all records not accepted by the CDNA. Records marked with @ were rejected by all committee members in the first or second voting. Most records were rejected because the identification was not fully established (often due to lack of documentation) or when the bird showed signs of captivity, such as dubious rings, excessive wear and/or aberrant behaviour. Species for which the CDNA unanimously decided that all records up to and including 2011 refer to birds of captive origin are indicated with an asterisk (*). This included records of birds of which all ancestors are assumed to be of captive origin (introduced species of British category C).. Intermediate Canada Goose / Middelste Canadese Gans Branta canadensis parvipes 27 November, Bergen, Bergen, Limburg, photographed (@ probably Dark Cackling Goose B hutchinsii minima). Great Shearwater / Grote Pijlstormvogel Puffinus gravis 8 September, Camperduin, Bergen, Noord-Holland (@ description incomplete). Bearded Vulture / ...
Macaulay Library ML141268471; Snail Kite; Rostrhamus sociabilis; © Linda Rudolph; Manari Ranch, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, Guyana; 5 Feb 2019
MSA SC 3520-15134 Biography: Dr. Diane Edmund Griffin, professor and Alfred and Jill Sommer Chair of the W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, made and continues to make extremely valuable contributions to the scientific world, specifically within the study of virology. Griffin focuses her work on alphaviruses, acute encephalitis, measles, and malaria. Her vast responsibilities include teaching, research, chairing a department, guest lecturing, editing and writing scholarly books, articles, and papers and contributing to the public good by sharing her expertise through the media and volunteer work. Her remarkable career and accomplishments warranted her selection to numerous committees, prestigious scientific societies, and awards. Griffin has nobly dedicated her life to helping rid the world of disease through her work with viruses. Griffin was born on May 5, 1940, in Iowa City, Iowa.1 She grew up in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, until her father moved the family to ...
The demise of a cant-miss kid$LINEBREAK$Former Rocket Eddie Griffins life ended in a fiery accident, but the No. 1 pick had been tortured for years Griffin did his part to make the matchup live up to billing, making 12 of 17 shots with an electrifying eight dunks - to put up 29 points in a 25-point victory. A 6-9 whirlwind with an almost unnecessary leaping ability, considering his height and reported 86-inch wingspan, Griffin had the outside shooting touch of a guard and the shot-blocking instincts of a great big man. Griffins high school career, one in which he was named National Player of the Year by Parade Magazine and chosen as a McDonalds All-American, ended on a sour note. A suspension following a fight left him to finish his classes off at home, barred from prom and other school activities and forced to pick up his diploma a week after the rest of the graduating class went through the ceremony. •Griffin, a freshman who has gained notoriety as a troublemaker and had been suspended for
Falco peregrinus Author.......... : Tunstall, 1771. Common Name..... : Peregrine Falcon. Vernacular name. : Sikap elang; Alap-alap sawah; alap-alap kawah; Alap-alap tualang. Distribution.... : Simeulue, Nias, Enggano, Sumatra, Riau Islands,Bangka,Belitung, Kalimantan, Panaitan, Java, Bali, Lombok,Sumbawa, Flores, Besar, Sumba, Timor, Wetar,Gunungapi,Babar and Tanimbar Islands, Tanahjampea, Kalaotoa,Sulawesi, Sula and Sangihe Islands, Bacan, Ternate,Seram, Aru Islands, Irian Jaya…
DNA sequences from the five introns were concatenated. In addition, sequence data for the mitochondrial genes 16S rRNA, 12S rRNA, COX1 and CYTB as well as for the nuclear gene RAG from penguins, kelp gull (Larus dominicanus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) and zebra finch were obtained from GenBank (see the electronic supplementary material). From the cDNA sequences, first and second codon positions were separated from third codon positions. We concatenated 16S and 12S rRNA genes and combined the first plus second codon sites from COX1 and CYTB genes. Hence our final data (9253 nucleotide sites) consist of five different sites including the first plus second and third codon positions of the nuclear RAG gene. To avoid estimation errors because of the effect of saturation, we did not include the third codon sites of mitochondrial genes. To determine the best model of evolution for each dataset, we used the program ModelTest [10] implemented in the software MEGA5 [11]. However, using different ...
DNA sequences from the five introns were concatenated. In addition, sequence data for the mitochondrial genes 16S rRNA, 12S rRNA, COX1 and CYTB as well as for the nuclear gene RAG from penguins, kelp gull (Larus dominicanus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) and zebra finch were obtained from GenBank (see the electronic supplementary material). From the cDNA sequences, first and second codon positions were separated from third codon positions. We concatenated 16S and 12S rRNA genes and combined the first plus second codon sites from COX1 and CYTB genes. Hence our final data (9253 nucleotide sites) consist of five different sites including the first plus second and third codon positions of the nuclear RAG gene. To avoid estimation errors because of the effect of saturation, we did not include the third codon sites of mitochondrial genes. To determine the best model of evolution for each dataset, we used the program ModelTest [10] implemented in the software MEGA5 [11]. However, using different ...
The location and density of nests of the hooded vulture ( Necrosyrtes monacus ) and the pied crow ( Corvus albus ) were systematically investigated on the campus of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) in Kumasi, Ghana, from December, 2004 to April, 2005. Trees with crow and vulture nests were identified, and the positions of nests above ground (nest height) determined in three sites on the campus categorized as developed, undeveloped (protected) and undeveloped (unprotected). Canopy cover (above and at nest level) were visually estimated. In all, one hundred and two (102) nests were recorded of which 35 were inhabited by crows and 67 by vultures. Crow and vulture nest densities were found to be 2.73 km-2 and 5.23 km-2, respectively. Mean nest height for crow was 18m (S.D. 5.9) and that for vulture was 17m (S.D. 4.9). Eighty-nine per cent (89%) of all nests were found in the developed areas of the KNUST campus, a situation which can be attributable to availability of food
Now, after obtaining the armadillos, take them to your patio where the buzzards are roosting and let them out of their cages. As any fool knows, armadillos are the absolute favorite food of Florida buzzards. However, the vast majority of Florida buzzards have never seen a live armadillo before. Their primitive buzzard brains will see the armadillos and go, Food!. But, when they see the armadillos move those same primitive buzzard brains will go, Holy Shit! Food dont sposed ta move!. The very presence of moving food will scare off approximately ninety percent of the buzzards in question. The other ten percent will simply follow the armadillos around, waiting for them to assume the flattened and immobile condition with which the buzzards are more familiar. The dillos will walk out into traffic and be struck by cars in short time (after all, that is the armadillos true raison detre) and the buzzards who will have been following them closely, will be dispatched by the very same vehicles ...
Other articles where Nutmeg mannikin is discussed: mannikin: …in southern Asia are the nutmeg mannikin (L. punctulata), also called spice finch or spotted munia, and the striated mannikin (L. striata), also called white-backed munia. The former is established in Hawaii, where it is called ricebird. A domestic strain of the latter is called Bengal finch.
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SAFETY SUMMARY of PYRIPROLE for VETERINARY use in DOGS. Poisoning, intoxication, intolerance, overdose, symptoms, signs, toxicity, safety margin, antidote, contamination, pollution, side effects, adverse drug reactions, poison, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacology, metabolism, lethal dose, LD50, LD95, LD100, toxic dose, remedies, precautions, treatment, detoxification, therapy, pyriprole poisoning, pyriprole intoxication, pyriprole overdose, pyriprole toxicity, complications, toxicosis, phenylpyrazole, Domestic animals, Animals, Companion animals, small animals, domestic animals, Dog, bitch, puppy, puppies, canine, canids, Cat, queen, kitten, feline, felids, pussy
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Description: Black Vultures are large birds between 20 and 26 inches in length with a wingspan of nearly 5 feet. They have glossy black plumage with featherless gray heads and grayish-white legs. They have blunt talons and long front toes. They are seldom heard and have no voice box but can be heard making soft sounds including barks and hisses. Habitat: Open, thinly wooded areas, moist lowland forests, grasslands, wetlands swamps and urban areas. Range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas south to Central and South America. In recent years Black Vultures have extended their range into the Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York and southern New England as well as other areas of the Northern United States. Diet: Carrion (the remains of dead animals), eggs, newborn animals, garbage and occasionally fruit. Life Span: Up to 5 years in the wild and up to 30 years in zoos. Family Life: Black Vultures breed depending on latitude. They dont build nests. They lay a clutch of 1 to 3 grayish-green oval eggs on the ...
A Hewlett-Packard design team headed by Howard Hilton in Lake Stevens, Washington was responsible for placing beautiful silicon artwork of a perched kestrel hawk on an oscillator/mixer integrated circuit.
Two illnesses that these birds have been unable to avoid are DDT and Lead Poisoning. Prior to the 1980s the population was declining due to the amount of DDT found in their food. Since the DDT ban the population has been on the rise, though Lead Poisoning continues to be an issue. The Turkey Vultures will feed on carcasses that were killed by lead shot, ingesting the lead themselves. Hunting has also hurt their population in the past, as people erroneously believed that they spread diseases. Of course, the exact opposite is true- the Vultures help to stop the spread of disease by consuming the dead and rotting meat. Turkey Vultures are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, and it is now illegal to kill, take, or own one ...
Brunelli M., Allavena S., Borlenghi F., Corsetti L., Fanfani S., Simmi F. 2007. LAquila reale Aquila chrysaetos, il Lanario Falco biarmicus e il Pellegrino Falco peregrinus nel Lazio. In: Magrini et al. (eds.). Aquila reale, Lanario e Pellegrino nellItalia peninsulare. Atti del Convegno, Serra San Quirico (Ancona), 26-28 marzo 2004. Parco Regionale Gola della Rossa e di Frasassi: 103-106 ...
From high above, a vulture monitors the air until it detects the odor of death, or spots another turkey vulture that has found food. (Their good eyesight complements their sense of smell.) Clumsy on the ground, a vulture walks to the dead animal and begins feasting - in a hierarchical order if a group is present. Lacking the tools to dispatch healthy prey, a vulture almost never kills animals, though it may hasten the demise of the nearly dead. Sometimes they will eat bugs, small rodents, and fish. (They have been reported to eat heron chicks.) A visit to a garbage dump is not out of the question ...
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Title: Antique silver 800-900 Griffin Dragon chimera Art Nouveau brooch, Price: $100 USD, Category: Jewelry:Brooches & Pins:Chimera:Griffon, Shop: Cest la Vie, Description: Adorable Art Nouveau French Griffin or Dragon brooch, crafted from 800-900 silver. He was most likely produced in the early 1900s.Secured by an older open c clasp No marked , but testedThe pin is in
Rough-legged buzzard Stock Footage. csp14233300 - Rough-legged buzzard close up, look with a side. Affordable Royalty Free Stock Photography. Downloads for just $2.50, with thousands of images added daily. Subscriptions available for just $39.00. Our stock photo image search engine contains royalty free photos, vector clip art images, clipart illustrations.
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One of Chicagos several mottoes is urbs in hortis (or urbs in horto) which means, aptly, city in a garden. It is indeed a conscientiously woodsy and flowery place in the summer, even, maybe especially, in the heart of the Loop. It could equally aptly be the urbs in bestiary. There have been sightings, in neighborhoods far from mine, of deer, coyotes, and once even a cougar (peremptorily shot to death by the police; they never did figure out where it came from). In my neighborhood, which is one of many parks, small woodlands, and ample fresh water, we routinely see racoons and cottontail rabbits, as well as predatory beasts of the air such as peregrine falcons, kestrels, and red-tailed hawks. This morning my friend Karen and I were heading out to the path along Lake Michigan for our constitutional when we noticed something furry moving in the shrubs in somebodys front yard. Were both always on the lookout for stray cats, so we stopped to take a look. What should pop out from under the ...
For Kate, ordinary life in Minnesota is just a memory, especially when she and her brothers discover a magical baby griffin while vacationing in a small Italian town. Suddenly, they find themselves in an extraordinary magical adventure of mystery and a whole world of trouble.. Kates fathers work has brought the family overseas to a countryside estate in Tuscany. Kate spends much of her time with her younger brother, nine-year-old Michael, roaming the beautiful estate grounds. When they find a lost baby griffin―a strange, fantastical creature with colorful downy feathers and tufts of fur―they are swept into a journey of excitement and fear, marked by the sinister Prince Eduardo.. Kate and Michael try to keep Grifonino safe and his existence a secret, but greedy paparazzi and eager scientists threaten the creatures safety. With the help of their older brother Stephen, the siblings set out to return the magical creature to his mysterious home.. In this enchanted mixture of fantasy and ...
Jefferson Hagen, MacEwan Athletics. EDMONTON - With better serving and a more disciplined blocking presence, the MacEwan Griffins were able to play portions of Saturdays final mens volleyball match of the season in the City Centre Campus gym dead even with the No. 1-ranked Manitoba Bisons.. Except, try as they might, they had no answer for big No. 6 - hulking Bisons left-side Evan Jackson - who piled up 16 kills on a .500 hitting percentage to lead his squad to another 3-0 victory (25-19, 25-21, 25-22).. We had what I thought was a pretty OK game plan, but he played well, said Griffins head coach Brad Poplawski.. When we adjusted our block, he was able to see that and go opposite that with pace. A lot of guys can hit that shot 60 or 80 per cent, but he was able to hit it hard any direction. So his range is really good.. He lit us up this weekend, for sure.. Its the 20th-straight win of the season for the Bisons, who sit atop the Canada West standings at 21-1.. Is that what it is? Wow, ...
Army Veteran Becomes Oldest College Football Player , NBC Nightly News. www.youtube.com. Tom Ehlers, CSUs director of football ops, was impressed with Griffin from the start. First of all, Griffin cold-called Ehlers in person. At 510 and 208 lbs, Griffin certainly looked the part. More than that, Ehlers quickly realized that Griffins military background could be useful on a young football team in need of leadership. The problem was that Griffin didnt have any footage of himself playing - or even the SAT or ACT scores needed to qualify for college attendance.. Still, he was persistent - another skill courtesy of the United States Army. He was finally invited to the walk-on tryouts. The term walk-on is used to describe an athlete who earns a place on the team without being recruited or, in the case of college football, awarded an athletic scholarship. Griffin drilled alone in the weeks before tryouts after watching the team practice.. I would study what the coaches had them doing during ...
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隼形目 Falconiformes[编辑]. *鷹科 Accipitridae. *黑鳶 - Milvus migrans (w:Black Kite) ※迷鳥 ...
Order Falconiformes) (PDF). Holarctic Birds of Prey. Adenex & WWGBP. pp. 29-48.. ... "Diets of North American Falconiformes". Raptor Research. 12 (3-4): 49-121. ...
Order Falconiformes) (PDF). Holarctic Birds of Prey. Adenex & WWGBP. pp. 29-48.. ...
"Falconiformes" redirects here. For the other birds of prey listed in the traditional order, see Accipitrimorphae. ... Traditionally, the raptors were grouped into four families in the single order Falconiformes, but many thought this group to be ... In agreement with the split of Falconiformes and Accipitriformes, comparative genome analysis published in 2008 suggested that ... American Ornithologists' Union (2009) Check-list of North American Birds, Tinamiformes to Falconiformes 7th Edition. ...
Order Falconiformes) (PDF). Holarctic Birds of Prey. Adenex & WWGBP. pp. 29-48.. ...
Molecular systematics of holarctic raptors (Order Falconiformes) (PDF). Holarctic Birds of Prey. Adenex & WWGBP. pp. 29-48.. ...
... s feed on a wide variety of organisms.[5] They eat primarily invertebrates, but have been known to consume rodents, reptiles and birds.[3][5] Two primary forms of hunting are employed: hover hunting and perch hunting.[6] Hover hunting describes the method whereby the kestrel remains stationary in the air with minimal wing flapping by utilizing updrafts.[7] Hover hunting generally happens at medium to high windspeeds.[7] It is usually small prey (such as insects) which are caught via this method, and are subsequently eaten during flight.[7] Perch hunting is when the kestrel utilizes either natural (for instance cliffs and trees) or artificial (for instance electricity pylons and telephone poles) perches to scan the surrounding area for prey.[7] Rock kestrels have been observed following baboons through grasslands and catching the insect species flushed out.[6] There are also reports of rock kestrels robbing nests for young birds and eating termites on the floor.[7] Their call is a ...
Falconiformes Family: Falconidae Subfamily: Falconinae Genus: Falco. Linnaeus, 1758 Species: F. novaeseelandiae ...
Order Falconiformes). In: Chancellor, R.D., Meyburg, B.-U. & Ferrero, J.J. (eds.): Holarctic Birds of Prey: 29-48. Adenex & ...
Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and ...
Falconiformes (birds of prey)Edit. *Jamaican caracara, Caracara tellustris †. Psittaciformes (parrots)Edit. *Kakapo, Strigops ...
These families were traditionally grouped together in a single order Falconiformes but are now split into two orders, the ... 2013). "DNA barcoding and evolutionary relationships in Accipiter Brisson, 1760 (Aves, Falconiformes: Accipitridae) with a ... Falconiformes and Accipitriformes. The Cathartidae are sometimes placed separately in an enlarged stork family, Ciconiiformes, ...
Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. ...
Order Falconiformes *Falco cherrug, saker falcon (2013[66]). *Falco peregrinus, peregrine falcon (2013[66]) ...
Falconiformes (falcons and relatives). *Psittaciformes (parrots). *Passeriformes (perching birds). Afroaves. *Cathartiformes ( ...
Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. ...
Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae *Lesser kestrel, Falco naumanni. *Eurasian kestrel, Falco tinnunculus ...
This stub category contains upmerged templates which use this category, although they describe a more specific type. If an upmerged template is used on more than 60 stubs you can request a sub-category at WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals. ...
Nåtidsfuglenes basale klader i etterkomertreet under er i henhold til Sibley & Ahlquist (1990)[3]. Inndelingen støttes i hovedtrekk av nyere forskning med genom, jfr. Jarvis et al. (2014). Det er imidlertid uklart om Tinamidae (tinamufamilien) og flere andre familier skal inkluderes i selvstendige ordener under Paleognathae (primitive nåtidsfugler) eller som familier under Struthioniformes (strutsefugler). Det siste støttes av HBW Alive. ...
More recent authorities maintained their overall position in the order Falconiformes along with the Old World vultures[16] or ... "Sexual Dimorphism in the Falconiformes" (PDF). Auk. 61 (April): 228-234. doi:10.2307/4079366. JSTOR 4079366. Retrieved 2007-10 ...
Falconiformes (1-5). *Galliformes (6-12). Bind 3: Hoatzin til alkefuglar[rediger , rediger kilde]. Josep del Hoyo, Andrew ...
Ansari, Helal Ahmad; Kaul, Dipika (1986-10-01). "Cytotaxonomic study in the order Falconiformes (Aves)". Zoologica Scripta. 15 ... Clay., Theresa (1958-03-01). "Three New Species of Degeeriella Neumann (mallophaga) from the Falconiformes (aves)". Proceedings ... Falconiformes: Accipitridae) by means of classical and molecular cytogenetic techniques". Chromosome Research. 11 (4): 335-343 ...
Falconiformes, Falconidae) [A new species of Pliocene falcon (Falconiformes, Falconidae)] Vestnik zoologii 37 (6): 85-87. [ ... n. (Aves, Falconiformes) from the Middle Miocene of Hadzhidimovo (SW Bulgaria). - Acta zoologica bulgarica, 63 (1): 17-35. ... Order Falconiformes). In: Chancellor, R.D., Meyburg, B.-U. & Ferrero, J.J. (eds.): Holarctic Birds of Prey: 29-48. Adenex & ...
Griffiths, Carole S. (October 1994). "Monophyly of the Falconiformes Based on Syringeal Morphology". The Auk. 111 (4): 787-805 ...
The length and nature of parental care varies widely amongst different orders and species. At one extreme, parental care in megapodes ends at hatching; the newly hatched chick digs itself out of the nest mound without parental assistance and can fend for itself immediately.[197] At the other extreme, many seabirds have extended periods of parental care, the longest being that of the great frigatebird, whose chicks take up to six months to fledge and are fed by the parents for up to an additional 14 months.[198] The chick guard stage describes the period of breeding during which one of the adult birds is permanently present at the nest after chicks have hatched. The main purpose of the guard stage is to aid offspring to thermoregulate and protect them from predation.[199]. In some species, both parents care for nestlings and fledglings; in others, such care is the responsibility of only one sex. In some species, other members of the same species-usually close relatives of the breeding pair, such ...
Leghamarabb az idetartozó fajokat, az újvilági keselyűfélék név alatt a sólyomalakúak (Falconiformes) rendjébe sorolták be.[4] ... 1975) „Karyological heterogeneity in the Falconiformes (Aves)". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 31 (10), 1138-1139. o. DOI ... Brown J. W. & D. P. Mindell (2009) "Diurnal birds of prey (Falconiformes)" pp. 436-439 in Hedges S. B. and S. Kumar, Eds. (2009 ... American Ornithologists' Union (2009) Check-list of North American Birds, Tinamiformes to Falconiformes 7th Edition. AOU. ...
Falconiformes, Anseriformes): 163-179. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge. ...
Falconiformes) • Kokoške (Galliformes) • Ždralovke (Gruiformes) • Močvarice (Charadriiformes) • Golupčarke (Columbiformes) • ...
a b Sherrod, S. K. (1978). Diets of North American Falconiformes. Raptor Res, 12(3/4), 49-121. ... Falconiformes, Accipitridae)". Molecular Ecology Notes. 5 (4): 938-940. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2005.01122.x.. ...
Falconiformes: Accipitridae)". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 69 (3): 351-365. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2000.tb01210 ...
Falconiformes (vi); Falconiformes (lv); Falconiformes (lt); Falconiformes (sl); Falconiformes, sokołowce (pl); Falconiformes ( ... Falconiformes (ca); Falconiformes (qu); Falconiformes (de); شاهین سانان, عقاب‌سانان (fa); 老鹰, 鷲鷹目, 老鷹 (zh); Falconiformes, ... Falconiformes (en-ca); Falconiformes (pih); Falconiformes (id); Gündüz yırtıcı kuşları (tr); Falconiformes (pt); falke-ordenen ... zea); Falconiformes (frr); Falconiformes (th); Falconiformes (nan); Falconiformes, falkeordenen, falconider, rovfugler (nb); ...
The order Falconiformes /fælˈkɒnɪfɔːrmiːz/ is represented by the extant family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras) and a handful ... See below cladogram: The fossil record of Falconiformes sensu stricto is poorly documented. The only stem-falcon that has ... were classified in Falconiformes. A variety of comparative genome analysis published since 2008, however, found that falcons ...
This is a list of Falconiformes and Accipitriformes species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been ... This list is incomprehensive, as not all Accipitriformes, Cathartifores, and Falconiformes have had their numbers quantified. ...
Order Falconiformes diurnal birds of prey Falconiformes: pictures (439) Falconiformes: specimens (9) Falconiformes: sounds (21) ...
Falconiformes. Falconidae Falcons. David P. Mindell and John Harshman Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new ... Page: Tree of Life Falconiformes. Falconidae. Falcons. Authored by David P. Mindell and John Harshman. The TEXT of this page is ... Falconiformes traditionally includes all the diurnal raptors: Accipitridae (hawks, eagles, kites), Pandionidae (osprey), ... Monophyly of the Falconiformes based on syringeal morphology. Auk 111:787-805. ...
FALCONIFORMES. Caracaras & Falcons. *American Kestrel *. *Merlin. *Peregrine Falcon. PASSERIFORMES. Tyrant Flycatchers *Olive- ...
Accipitriformes and Falconiformes) in Southern Italy. The Veterinary Journal, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.07.001. ...
隼形目 Falconiformes[编辑]. *鷹科 Accipitridae. *黑鳶 - Milvus migrans (w:Black Kite) ※迷鳥 ...
Order Falconiformes) (PDF). Holarctic Birds of Prey. Adenex & WWGBP. pp. 29-48.. ... "Diets of North American Falconiformes". Raptor Research. 12 (3-4): 49-121. ...
Order Falconiformes) (PDF). Holarctic Birds of Prey. Adenex & WWGBP. pp. 29-48.. ...
Falconiformes (birds of prey)Edit. *Jamaican caracara, Caracara tellustris †. Psittaciformes (parrots)Edit. *Kakapo, Strigops ...
See "Species of Trillium" below.. Trillium (trillium, wakerobin, tri flower, birthroot) is a genus of about 40-50 species of spring ephemeral perennials, native to temperate regions of North America and Asia.. It used to be treated in the family Trilliaceae or Trillium family, a part of the Liliales or Lily order. The AGP II treats Trilliaceae as a synonym of the family Melanthiaceae.. The above ground parts of Trilliums are scapes with three large, leaf-like bracts with the true leaves reduced to underground papery coverings around the rhizomes.. Typical species are Trillium grandiflorum (Large-flowered Trillium) in eastern North America and Trillium ovatum (Western Trillium). Both have white flowers that turn pink as they age.. Picking a trillium seriously injures the plant by preventing the leaf-like bracts from producing food for the next year. A plant takes many years to recover. For this reason in Michigan[1] and Minnesota[2] it is illegal to pick and/or transplant trilliums from public ...
1) OJ L 61, 3.3.1997, p. 1.. (2) Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1915 of 19 October 2017 prohibiting the introduction into the Union of specimens of certain species of wild fauna and flora (OJ L 271, 20.10.2017, p. 7).. (3) Implementation of Resolution Conf. 12.8 (Rev. CoP17) on Review of Significant Trade in specimens of Appendix-II species - Recommendations of the Standing Committee, Geneva, 6 May 2019, available at https://cites.org/sites/default/files/notif/E-Notif-2019-027.pdf. (4) Technical Report No 79/4/2/1 of May 2017 on the Amendments to SRG opinions: Including an overview of opinions for wildsourced Annex A species and opinions for former countries/territories; Technical Report No 80/4/2/2 of August 2017 on the Review of CITES-listed Ovis subspecies in Uzbekistan: evaluating the EU import suspension for Ovis vignei bochariensis; Technical Report No 82/4/2/2 of January 2018 on the Comparison of EU decisions and decisions formed at the 69th meeting of the CITES Standing ...
Falconiformes • Familia: Falconidae • Genus: Falco • Species: Falco peregrinus (Temminck, 1822) ...
Falconiformes; Falconidae; Falco. Orthologs. human mouse all ...
Falconiformes; Falconidae; Falco. Orthologs. human mouse all ...
A gametophyte is the haploid, multicellular phase of plants and algae that undergo alternation of generations, with each of its cells containing only a single set of chromosomes.. The gametophyte produces male or female gametes (or both), by a process of cell division called mitosis. The fusion of male and female gametes produces a diploid zygote, which develops by repeated mitotic cell divisions into a multicellular sporophyte. Because the sporophyte is the product of the fusion of two haploid gametes, its cells are diploid, containing two sets of chromosomes. The mature sporophyte produces spores by a process called meiosis, sometimes referred to as "reduction division" because the chromosome pairs are separated once again to form single sets. The spores are therefore once again haploid and develop into a haploid gametophyte.. In mosses, liverworts and hornworts (bryophytes), the gametophyte is the commonly known phase of the plant. An early developmental stage in the gametophyte of mosses ...
Caracaras and Falcons (FALCONIFORMES). *Caracaras and Falcons (FALCONIDAE). *. Parrots (PSITTACIFORMES). *Parrots (PSITTACIDAE) ...
Falconiformes Falconidae Falco peregrinus Peregrine falcon (2,3) Falco tinnunculus Common kestrel (2) Sturnidae Acridotheres ...
Order Falconiformes. In: Mayr, E., Cottrell, G.W. (Eds.), Check-list of Birds of the World, vol. 1, second ed. Museum of ...
Falconiformes. Accipitridae. 13. 70. 1. 0.003 (0-0.01). Galliformes. Phasianidae. 25. 695. 28. 0.09 (0.06-0.13). ...
The bald eagle population plummeted from abundant to endangered, with only 417 pairs left in 1963. Thanks to tireless conservation efforts, this fish-eating raptor rebounded and has since been removed from the Endangered Species List.
Falconiformes. Falconidae. Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus). H. AM/EUR/AS. [43]. NY. M. ...
7. Order Falconiformes.-Birds of prey. Carnivorous, desmognathous, nidicolous, without functional caeca. Terrestrial, aerial.. ...
FALCONIFORMES. Falconidae. Falco pelegrinoides. United Kingdom / Reino Unido / Royaume-Uni. (A-GB-503). ...
Volume 4. Falconiformes. - Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main, 943 pp. (In German). Google Scholar ...
... order Falconiformes), rodents (order Rodentia), raccoons (Procyon lotor), civet cats (family Viverridae) and corvids (family ...
Nåtidsfuglenes basale klader i etterkomertreet under er i henhold til Sibley & Ahlquist (1990)[3]. Inndelingen støttes i hovedtrekk av nyere forskning med genom, jfr. Jarvis et al. (2014). Det er imidlertid uklart om Tinamidae (tinamufamilien) og flere andre familier skal inkluderes i selvstendige ordener under Paleognathae (primitive nåtidsfugler) eller som familier under Struthioniformes (strutsefugler). Det siste støttes av HBW Alive. ...
Falconiformes (1-5). *Galliformes (6-12). Bind 3: Hoatzin til alkefuglar[rediger , rediger kilde]. Josep del Hoyo, Andrew ...
  • Traditionally, the other bird of prey families Cathartidae (New World vultures and condors), Sagittariidae (secretarybird) Pandionidae (ospreys), Accipitridae (hawks) were classified in Falconiformes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Falconiformes traditionally includes all the diurnal raptors: Accipitridae (hawks, eagles, kites), Pandionidae (osprey), Cathartidae (New World vultures), and Sagittariidae (secretary bird), but all these have been removed to a separate order, Accipitriformes, leaving Falconidae as the only family in the order. (tolweb.org)
  • Eagles are members of the bird order Falconiformes (or Accipitriformes, according to alternative classification schemes), family Accipitridae, and belong to several genera that are not necessarily closely related to each other in any sort of way. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Accipitridae, the family of birds to which the Old World vultures belong, is one of the two major families within the order Falconiformes, the diurnal birds of prey. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Presencia espacial y temporal de Aramus guarauna (Gruiformes: Aramidae) y de Rostrhamus sociabilis (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae) en la Reserva de la Biosfera Marismas Nacionales, Nayarit, Mexico. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Observando aves en el Peru: 1963-2006. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Se obtuvieron inventarios georreferenciados de aves acuáticas costeras y marinas, así como condiciones generales de hábitat para 269 sitios de observación en 95 localidades los Estados de Colima, Guerrero, y Oaxaca. (gbif.org)
  • La representación de la abundancia como Individuos/km recorrido no fue adecuada para la mayoría de los sistemas y especies, ya que las aves no se distribuyen de forma homogénea en los cuerpos de agua, sino agregadas en islotes, bajos, fragmentos de costa, riberas y en morros fuera de costa. (gbif.org)
  • Karyological heterogeneity in the Falconiformes (Aves). (wikipedia.org)
  • The order Falconiformes /fælˈkɒnɪfɔːrmiːz/ is represented by the extant family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras) and a handful of enigmatic Paleogene species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Helminth infestation in birds of prey (Accipitriformes and Falconiformes) in Southern Italy. (springer.com)
  • 2009 . "Diurnal birds of prey (Falconiformes)" In The Timetree of Life, ed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Order Falconiformes. (tolweb.org)
  • Stresemann E, Amadon D (1979) Order Falconiformes. (tolweb.org)
  • The five bird families of the taxonomic order FALCONIFORMES (pronounced fal-kon-ih-FOR-meez) include raptors such as hawks, eagles, vultures, and the Osprey (it should be noted that these birds are alternately classified in an order named ACCIPITRIFORMES (pronounced ak-sip-it-ruh-FOR-meez) by some ornithological authorities). (whatbird.com)
  • Seilerfugler (Apodiformes) regnes ikke som en selvstendig orden, men inngår som en familie under nattravner (Caprimulgiformes). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a list of Falconiformes and Accipitriformes species by global population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long-term dynamics of the population of Falconiformes was characterized by a general decline in the numbers of most species. (dp.ua)
  • However, these two groups are not considered to be closely related genetically and often are even placed in different orders, with New World vultures placed in Ciconiiformes with storks and Old World vultures in Falconiformes. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Jollie M (1976) A contribution to the morphology and phylogeny of the Falconiformes, part 1. (tolweb.org)
  • Monophyly of the Falconiformes based on syringeal morphology. (tolweb.org)
  • This list is incomprehensive, as not all Accipitriformes, Cathartifores, and Falconiformes have had their numbers quantified. (wikipedia.org)
  • This album contains Falcons and Caracara, which are birds of the orders Falconiformes. (birdphotos.com)
  • The five bird families of the taxonomic order FALCONIFORMES (pronounced fal-kon-ih-FOR-meez) include raptors such as hawks, eagles, vultures, and the Osprey (it should be noted that these birds are alternately classified in an order named ACCIPITRIFORMES (pronounced ak-sip-it-ruh-FOR-meez) by some ornithological authorities). (whatbird.com)
  • Of these 57% species belong to order Passeriformes, 7% to Anseriformes, 6% each to Charadriiformes and Accipitriformes, 5% to Columbiformes, 4% each to Galliformes and Falconiformes,3% each to Coraciiformes and Ciconiiformes, 2% to Gruiformes and 1% each to Apodiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Piciformes, Suliformes and Strigiformes. (thefreedictionary.com)