A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
A condition of substandard growth or diminished capacity to maintain normal function.
A form of rapid-onset LIVER FAILURE, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, caused by severe liver injury or massive loss of HEPATOCYTES. It is characterized by sudden development of liver dysfunction and JAUNDICE. Acute liver failure may progress to exhibit cerebral dysfunction even HEPATIC COMA depending on the etiology that includes hepatic ISCHEMIA, drug toxicity, malignant infiltration, and viral hepatitis such as post-transfusion HEPATITIS B and HEPATITIS C.
Severe inability of the LIVER to perform its normal metabolic functions, as evidenced by severe JAUNDICE and abnormal serum levels of AMMONIA; BILIRUBIN; ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE; ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE; LACTATE DEHYDROGENASES; and albumin/globulin ratio. (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed)
A progressive condition usually characterized by combined failure of several organs such as the lungs, liver, kidney, along with some clotting mechanisms, usually postinjury or postoperative.
Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.
A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level in the ability to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal insufficiency can be classified by the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
A PEPTIDE that is secreted by the BRAIN and the HEART ATRIA, stored mainly in cardiac ventricular MYOCARDIUM. It can cause NATRIURESIS; DIURESIS; VASODILATION; and inhibits secretion of RENIN and ALDOSTERONE. It improves heart function. It contains 32 AMINO ACIDS.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease that is characterized by ventricular dilation, VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, and HEART FAILURE. Risk factors include SMOKING; ALCOHOL DRINKING; HYPERTENSION; INFECTION; PREGNANCY; and mutations in the LMNA gene encoding LAMIN TYPE A, a NUCLEAR LAMINA protein.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Cessation of ovarian function after MENARCHE but before the age of 40, without or with OVARIAN FOLLICLE depletion. It is characterized by the presence of OLIGOMENORRHEA or AMENORRHEA, elevated GONADOTROPINS, and low ESTRADIOL levels. It is a state of female HYPERGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM. Etiologies include genetic defects, autoimmune processes, chemotherapy, radiation, and infections.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
The geometric and structural changes that the HEART VENTRICLES undergo, usually following MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. It comprises expansion of the infarct and dilatation of the healthy ventricle segments. While most prevalent in the left ventricle, it can also occur in the right ventricle.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A class of drugs whose main indications are the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. They exert their hemodynamic effect mainly by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system. They also modulate sympathetic nervous system activity and increase prostaglandin synthesis. They cause mainly vasodilation and mild natriuresis without affecting heart rate and contractility.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
Agents that promote the excretion of urine through their effects on kidney function.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Small pumps, often implantable, designed for temporarily assisting the heart, usually the LEFT VENTRICLE, to pump blood. They consist of a pumping chamber and a power source, which may be partially or totally external to the body and activated by electromagnetic motors.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Necrosis or disintegration of skeletal muscle often followed by myoglobinuria.
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
A potent natriuretic and vasodilatory peptide or mixture of different-sized low molecular weight PEPTIDES derived from a common precursor and secreted mainly by the HEART ATRIUM. All these peptides share a sequence of about 20 AMINO ACIDS.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the propanolamine (NH2CH2CHOHCH2) group and its derivatives.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The transference of a heart from one human or animal to another.
Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.
A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A condition in which HEART VENTRICLES exhibit impaired function.
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
Subsequent admissions of a patient to a hospital or other health care institution for treatment.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
Benzo-indoles similar to CARBOLINES which are pyrido-indoles. In plants, carbazoles are derived from indole and form some of the INDOLE ALKALOIDS.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
The blood pressure as recorded after wedging a CATHETER in a small PULMONARY ARTERY; believed to reflect the PRESSURE in the pulmonary CAPILLARIES.
Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
A device designed to stimulate, by electric impulses, contraction of the heart muscles. It may be temporary (external) or permanent (internal or internal-external).
Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.
Drugs that bind to and block the activation of MINERALOCORTICOID RECEPTORS by MINERALOCORTICOIDS such as ALDOSTERONE.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Decreased URINE output that is below the normal range. Oliguria can be defined as urine output of less than or equal to 0.5 or 1 ml/kg/hr depending on the age.
A potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules. It is used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis. Its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p827)
Extracorporeal ULTRAFILTRATION technique without HEMODIALYSIS for treatment of fluid overload and electrolyte disturbances affecting renal, cardiac, or pulmonary function.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Diseases of the parasympathetic or sympathetic divisions of the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; which has components located in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with HYPOTHALAMIC DISEASES; BRAIN STEM disorders; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. Manifestations include impairments of vegetative functions including the maintenance of BLOOD PRESSURE; HEART RATE; pupil function; SWEATING; REPRODUCTIVE AND URINARY PHYSIOLOGY; and DIGESTION.
Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
An infant during the first month after birth.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Laboratory tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working through examination of blood and urine.
An immune response with both cellular and humoral components, directed against an allogeneic transplant, whose tissue antigens are not compatible with those of the recipient.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A condition in which the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the right ventricular wall.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Difficult or labored breathing.
The pressure within a CARDIAC VENTRICLE. Ventricular pressure waveforms can be measured in the beating heart by catheterization or estimated using imaging techniques (e.g., DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY). The information is useful in evaluating the function of the MYOCARDIUM; CARDIAC VALVES; and PERICARDIUM, particularly with simultaneous measurement of other (e.g., aortic or atrial) pressures.
A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The restoration of the sequential order of contraction and relaxation of the HEART ATRIA and HEART VENTRICLES by atrio-biventricular pacing.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
A benzoic-sulfonamide-furan. It is a diuretic with fast onset and short duration that is used for EDEMA and chronic RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
A selective adrenergic beta-1 blocking agent that is commonly used to treat ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS.
Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
An angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor that is used to treat HYPERTENSION and HEART FAILURE.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Condition where a primary dysfunction of either heart or kidney results in failure of the other organ (e.g., HEART FAILURE with worsening RENAL INSUFFICIENCY).
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Devices for simulating the activities of the liver. They often consist of a hybrid between both biological and artificial materials.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.
Absence of urine formation. It is usually associated with complete bilateral ureteral (URETER) obstruction, complete lower urinary tract obstruction, or unilateral ureteral obstruction when a solitary kidney is present.
A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.
Excision of kidney.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
A cardioselective beta-1 adrenergic blocker. It is effective in the management of HYPERTENSION and ANGINA PECTORIS.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Procedures which temporarily or permanently remedy insufficient cleansing of body fluids by the kidneys.
Agents that antagonize ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR. Included are ANGIOTENSIN II analogs such as SARALASIN and biphenylimidazoles such as LOSARTAN. Some are used as ANTIHYPERTENSIVE AGENTS.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Endogenous or exogenous chemicals that regulate the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE in the body. They consist of peptides and non-peptide compounds.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
Calcium-transporting ATPases that catalyze the active transport of CALCIUM into the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM vesicles from the CYTOPLASM. They are primarily found in MUSCLE CELLS and play a role in the relaxation of MUSCLES.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
The ability of viruses to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents or antiviral agents. This resistance is acquired through gene mutation.
Inflammatory processes of the muscular walls of the heart (MYOCARDIUM) which result in injury to the cardiac muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). Manifestations range from subclinical to sudden death (DEATH, SUDDEN). Myocarditis in association with cardiac dysfunction is classified as inflammatory CARDIOMYOPATHY usually caused by INFECTION, autoimmune diseases, or responses to toxic substances. Myocarditis is also a common cause of DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY and other cardiomyopathies.
Pathological processes of the LIVER.

Predicting longitudinal growth curves of height and weight using ecological factors for children with and without early growth deficiency. (1/199)

Growth curve models were used to examine the effect of genetic and ecological factors on changes in height and weight of 225 children from low income, urban families who were assessed up to eight times in the first 6 y of life. Children with early growth deficiency [failure to thrive (FTT)] (n = 127) and a community sample of children without growth deficiency (n = 98) were examined to evaluate how genetic, child and family characteristics influenced growth. Children of taller and heavier parents, who were recruited at younger ages and did not have a history of growth deficiency, had accelerated growth from recruitment through age 6 y. In addition, increases in height were associated with better health, less difficult temperament, nurturant mothers and female gender; increases in weight were associated with better health. Children with a history of growth deficiency demonstrated slower rates of growth than children in the community group without a history of growth deficiency. In the community group, changes in children's height and weight were related to maternal perceptions of health and temperament and maternal nurturance during feeding, whereas in the FTT group, maternal perceptions and behavior were not in synchrony with children's growth. These findings suggest that, in addition to genetic factors, growth is dependent on a nurturant and sensitive caregiving system. Interventions to promote growth should consider child and family characteristics, including maternal perceptions of children's health and temperament and maternal mealtime behavior.  (+info)

A randomised controlled trial of specialist health visitor intervention for failure to thrive. (2/199)

AIMS: To determine whether home intervention by a specialist health visitor affects the outcome of children with failure to thrive. METHODS: Children referred for failure to thrive were randomised to receive conventional care, or conventional care and additional specialist home visiting for 12 months. Outcomes measured were growth, diet, use of health care resources, and Bayley, HAD (hospital anxiety and depression), and behavioural scales. RESULTS: Eighty three children, aged 4-30 months, were enrolled, 42 received specialist health visitor intervention. Children in both groups showed good weight gain (mean (SD) increase in weight SD score for the specialist health visitor intervention group 0.59 (0.63) v 0.42 (0.62) for the control group). Children < 12 months in the intervention group showed a higher mean (SD) increase in weight SD score than the control group (0.82 (0.86) v 0.42 (0.79)). Both groups improved in developmental score and energy intake. No significant differences were found for the primary outcome measures, but controls had significantly more dietary referrals, social service involvement, and hospital admissions, and were less compliant with appointments. CONCLUSIONS: The study failed to show that specialist health visitor intervention conferred additional benefits for the child. However, the specialist health visitor did provide a more coordinated approach, with significant savings in terms of health service use. Problems inherent to health service research are discussed.  (+info)

Feeding difficulties and foregut dysmotility in Noonan's syndrome. (3/199)

PURPOSE: Noonan's syndrome is a common dysmorphic syndrome in which failure to thrive and gastrointestinal symptoms are frequent but poorly understood. DESIGN: Twenty five children with Noonan's syndrome were investigated by contrast radiology, pH monitoring, surface electrogastrography (EGG), and antroduodenal manometry (ADM). RESULTS: Sixteen had poor feeding and symptoms of gastrointestinal dysfunction. All 16 required tube feeding. Seven of 25 had symptoms of foregut dysmotility and gastro-oesophageal reflux. In the most symptomatic children (four of seven) EGG showed fasting frequency gradient loss along the stomach fundus and pylorus with antral postprandial frequency loss. ADM showed shortened fasting cycle length, with abnormal phase III and shortened postprandial activity containing phasic contractions. IMPLICATIONS: Gastroduodenal motor activity was reminiscent of 32-35 week preterm patterns. The feeding difficulties appear to resolve as gut motility matures. In Noonan's syndrome, feeding problems appear to be the result of delayed gastrointestinal motor development.  (+info)

Malnutrition and growth failure in cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease with and without pulmonary hypertension. (4/199)

AIM: To investigate the effect of several types of congenital heart disease (CHD) on nutrition and growth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The prevalence of malnutrition and growth failure was investigated in 89 patients with CHD aged 1-45 months. They were grouped according to cardiac diagnosis: group aP (n = 26), acyanotic patients with pulmonary hypertension; group ap (n = 5), acyanotic patients without pulmonary hypertension; group cp (n = 42), cyanotic patients without pulmonary hypertension; and group cP (n = 16), cyanotic patients with pulmonary hypertension. Information on socioeconomic level, parental education status, birth weight and nutrition history, number of siblings, and the timing, quality, and quantity of nutrients ingested during weaning period and at the time of the examination were obtained through interviews with parents. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between groups in terms of parental education status, socioeconomic level, duration of breast feeding, and number of siblings (p > 0.05). Group cP patients ingested fewer nutrients for their age compared to other groups. 37 of the 89 patients were below the 5th centile for both weight and length, and 58 of 89 patients were below the 5th centile for weight. Mild or borderline malnutrition was more common in group aP patients. Most group cp patients were in normal nutritional state, and stunting was more common than wasting. Both moderate to severe malnutrition and failure to thrive were more common in group cP patients. CONCLUSION: Patients with CHD are prone to malnutrition and growth failure. Pulmonary hypertension appears to be the most important factor, and cyanotic patients with pulmonary hypertension are the ones most severely affected. This study shows the additive effects of hypoxia and pulmonary hypertension on nutrition and growth of children with CHD.  (+info)

Anthropometric indices of failure to thrive. (5/199)

AIMS: To compare five anthropometric methods of classifying failure to thrive in order to ascertain their relative merits in predicting developmental, dietary, and eating problems. METHODS: The five anthropometric methods were compared in 83 children with failure to thrive. RESULTS: The methods were inconsistent in classification of severity, and no one method was superior in predicting problems. CONCLUSIONS: Weight alone, being the simplest, is still the most reasonable marker for failure to thrive and associated problems.  (+info)

Querkopf, a MYST family histone acetyltransferase, is required for normal cerebral cortex development. (6/199)

In order to find, and mutate, novel genes required for regulation of neurogenesis in the cerebral cortex, we performed a genetic screen in mice. As the result of this screen, we created a new mouse mutant, querkopf. The querkopf mutation is due to an insertion into a MYST family histone acetyltransferase gene. Mice homozygous for the querkopf mutation have craniofacial abnormalities, fail to thrive in the postnatal period and have defects in central nervous system development. The defects in central nervous system development are particularly prominent in the cerebral cortex, which is disproportionally smaller than in wild-type mice. A large reduction in the size of the cortical plate was already apparent during embryogenesis. Homozygous mice show a lack of large pyramidal cells in layer V of the cortex, which is reflected in a reduction in the number of Otx1-positive neurons in this layer during postnatal development. Homozygous mice also show a reduction in the number of GAD67-positive interneurons throughout the cortex. Our results suggest that Querkopf is an essential component of a genetic cascade regulating cell differentiation in the cortex, probably acting in a multiprotein complex regulating chromatin structure during transcription.  (+info)

Primarily chronic and cerebrovascular course of Lyme neuroborreliosis: case reports and literature review. (7/199)

As part of an ongoing study aiming to define the clinical spectrum of neuroborreliosis in childhood, we have identified four patients with unusual clinical manifestations. Two patients suffered from a primarily chronic form of neuroborreliosis and displayed only non-specific symptoms. An 11 year old boy presented with long standing symptoms of severe weight loss and chronic headache, while the other patient had pre-existing mental and motor retardation and developed seizures and failure to thrive. Two further children who presented with acute hemiparesis as a result of cerebral ischaemic infarction had a cerebrovascular course of neuroborreliosis. One was a 15 year old girl; the other, a 5 year old boy, is to our knowledge the youngest patient described with this course of illness. Following adequate antibiotic treatment, all patients showed substantial improvement of their respective symptoms. Laboratory and magnetic resonance imaging findings as well as clinical course are discussed and the relevant literature is reviewed.  (+info)

Late presentation of upper airway obstruction in Pierre Robin sequence. (8/199)

A retrospective review was carried out of 11 consecutive patients with the Pierre Robin sequence referred to a tertiary paediatric referral centre over a five year period from 1993 to 1998. Ten patients were diagnosed with significant upper airway obstruction; seven of these presented late at between 24 and 51 days of age. Failure to thrive occurred in six of these seven infants at the time of presentation, and was a strong indicator of the severity of upper airway obstruction. Growth normalised on treatment of the upper airway obstruction with nasopharyngeal tube placement. All children had been reviewed by either an experienced general paediatrician or a neonatologist in the first week of life, suggesting that clinical signs alone are insufficient to alert the physician to the degree of upper airway obstruction or that obstruction developed gradually after discharge home. The use of polysomnography greatly improved the diagnostic accuracy in assessing the severity of upper airway obstruction and monitoring the response to treatment. This report highlights the prevalence of late presentation of upper airway obstruction in the Pierre Robin sequence and emphasises the need for close prospective respiratory monitoring in this condition. Objective measures such as polysomnography should be used, as clinical signs alone may be an inadequate guide to the degree of upper airway obstruction.  (+info)

A group of 39 mothers who had a physically abused child at an average of 6 years previously and a group of 14 mothers who had a child with non-organic failure to thrive (NOFTT) 13 years ago were reviewed. Each child was compared with a child matched for age and sex and for ethnic group, residential area and social class of the parents. The mothers from the NOFTT group knew less than their comparison mothers about their childs education and on a personality test were less able at intellectual and abstract concepts. The abuse group mothers were more mobile and more isolated than their comparison group. They were less likely to have been brought up by their own parents and had more negative feelings towards their fathers. They had lower self-esteem and higher expectations for their children than the comparison mothers. On a personality assessment they were more assertive, demanding and suspicious than the comparison mothers. Although child abuse and non-organic failure to thrive have been described as
With a growing population of people ,65 years of age, there is an increasing focus on identifying and evaluating interventions that maintain elderly people in their own homes for as long as possible. This study examined whether an in-hospital, comprehensive geriatric assessment alone or combined with an interdisciplinary home intervention after discharge would affect mortality, functional status, rehospitalisation, nursing home placement, and direct costs.. The results of this study support the work done in the Program for All-inclusive Care of the Elderly (PACE), begun in San Francisco.1 By using a comprehensive assessment that addresses both functional and medical concerns, care can be coordinated and provided to meet the needs of older people. However, of note in the study by Nikolaus et al is the finding that comprehensive geriatric assessment alone did not improve outcomes. The addition of a home intervention team accounted for improvement in outcomes. These findings can help gerontological ...
Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by craniofacial dysmorphia, ectodermal abnormalities, cardiac malformations, as well as growth and developmental delay. Although some endocrine abnormalities have been reported in this syndrome, very little is known about CFC syndrome-related endocrine disorders. A 7.5-year-old boy was admitted to our endocrinology clinic with the complaint of short stature. He had a height of 103 cm [-4 standard deviation (SD)], a weight of 16 kg ...
It is to be noted that these chemicals harms the body when they have reached more than enough concentration inside the body. With the regular use of these products that contains the chemicals mentioned above, the likelihood to diseases will increase. When you use these non-organic facial cleansers, you facial skin will become dependent on these products, and probably produces a good sensual effect to the facial skin, but what you do not see and observe is that with the regular use of these chemically contained products, the likelihood to diseases increases due to its easily penetration to the skin. When they penetrated to the skin and travelled through the bloodstream, concentration to the organs happen and eventually destroying these organs which is evident in the form of diseases ...
The Hardcover of the Walsh and Hoyts Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology: Infections and Inflammation of the Central Nervous System and Non-Organic (Functional)
Agricultural production is requested to be environmental friendly and resource efficient. A literature review of farm surveys and prototype farm studies found that increasing use of N fertilizer and imported feed increased the yields and the productivity of dairy farms, but also increased the N-surplus. We studied the N-efficiency and cause of variation in organic and non-organic commercial dairy farms ...
GANGTOK, April 19 - Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Kumar Chamling on Tuesday said his Government has banned the sale and consumption of non-organic vegetables in order to make the people of the State...
Joe Hollinghurst, Ashley Akbari, Richard Fry, Alan Watkins, Damon Berridge, Andy Clegg, Sarah Hillcoat-Nalletamby, Neil Williams, Ronan Lyons, Amy Mizen, Angharad Walters, Rhodri Johnson, Sarah Rodgers ...
Hi, I have a question regarding cleaning non-organic fruits & veggies. I buy both organic and non-organic food. Until recently, I was just washing them with water, but your blog on cleaning pesticides was very helpful and I have implemented the procudures. But I have a question regarding when to wash the fruits/veggies. Do I was them as soon as I buy them and then store them in the fridge? My thoughts are that I have organic fruits/veggies in the fridge and am wondering if storing non-organic alongside the organic will compromise them. My intution says to wash them as needed but to store them as separate as possible in the fridge. Is this correct? Thanks, and Ill keep reading.. ...
Several hundred genes associated or linked to obesity have been described in the scientific literature. Whereas many of these genes are potential targets for the treatment of obesity and associated conditions, none of them have permitted the developement of an efficient drug therapy. As proposed by the `thrifty genotype theory, obesity genes may have conferred an evolutionary advantage in times of food shortage through efficient energy exploitation, while `lean or `energy expenditure genes may have become very rare during the same periods. It is therefore a challenge to identify `energy expenditure genes or `energy absorption genes, whose mutations or single nucleotide polymorphisms do result in reduced energy intake. We submit that such `energy absorption or `energy expenditure genes (crucial genes) are potential new targets for the treatment of obesity. These genes can be identified in rare genetic diseases that produce a lean, failure-to-thrive, energy malabsorption or starvation ...
A doctor or healthvisitor will realise right away but we do have to supplement with vitamine D and K, and but that is not true for premature babies. And most pediatricians will visualise the failure-to-thrive babies they regularly see on their wards.. Maybe it is about time we start to take a fresh look at the marketing of breastfeeding. At the same conference I attended a lecture stating that a certain wellknown softdrinkcompany has an advertising budget of 3 bilion dollars. I presume the formulaindustry has similar funds. They look at brands, at emotions, and they are able create consumerneeds even where these did not previously exist and then respond to these needs.. Healthy unprocessed foods do not have anywhere near these budgets. A top-quality product with meager marketing will at present loose the competition to a unhealthy product with good marketing. Its time to start being creative and see what we can do differently with what we do have: a top-product.. So do me a favour and ...
read The role of death in the Ladder of divine ascent and the of function on QT heart and the cardiac salts of resources in QT retina for patients with severe failure motion. Author(s): Brendorp B, Elming H, Jun L, Kober L, Torp-Pedersen C; DIAMOND Study Group. parasympathetic students Of Arrhythmia and Mortality On Dofetilide.
1] Private television channels cannot run direct publicity in favor of any political party [publicity in favor of ruling party is allowed], [2] Misleading information cannot be incorporated in any talk shows [it stops the participants of the talk shows from delivering any comment criticizing the ruling party or its activities], [3] National ideology or characters cannot be criticized, [4] The father of the nation [Sheikh Mujibur Rahman] cannot be criticized in any of the programs [any of his mistakes during his governance cannot be anymore mentioned in any of the programs], [5] No individual can be criticized in the programs [this has been initiated as a number of ministers in the ruling government became subject of harsh criticism following their severe failures], [6] No criticism will be allowed on national ideologies and goals [this law will stop the television channels from scrutinizing and criticizing any of the decisions or policies adopted by the ruling party], [7] No defense and ...
We have told you about these new children, and that is why your children are so unusual and you know they are. Many in the audience who have grandchildren are really seeing it; the kids are different. So you might say, Well its too bad that we cant do that ourselves, raise our DNA efficiency. Well, you can! For the energy of the planet is alert and ready to send the signal to the old soul who starts to understand that they can change their own fields through the templates that float in them, through consciousness, pure intent, and through that which is compassion. You can change the quantum print of DNA with compassion! We have said that from the beginning, so let me summarize this in simple words that are not scientific. Go slow, my partner. Make this succinct. [Kryon talking to Lee] Recalibration of Gaia- Mar 18, 2012 (Kryon Channelling by Lee Caroll) ...
Rice is the most consumed staple food in any household settings. There are different variety of rice but we are only focusing on white rice and brown rice. In
Preservatives: In April 2006 we removed all chemical preservatives from our drinks. This means that once opened, the cordials should be stored in the fridge. They will eventually start to ferment after a couple of weeks at room temperature, although we find that theyre so delicious they dont usually hang around that long.. Colours: We use no artificial colours in any of our products. We find that by using the very best quality pressed juice - and lots of it - we simply dont need them. You may see some variation in the colour of our drinks due to seasonality - this is particularly true of the pale-coloured organic drinks, such as the Organic Elderflower Cordial. Our organic drinks tend to be darker than the equivalent non-organic drink, as our organic sugar is slightly browner than the non-organic sugar.. Flavours: We dont use any artificial flavours in any of our drinks. We find that by using the best quality fruit juices and only natural extracts we just dont need to use anything ...
October 22nd, 2007 , by Stephanie Evans. If you are concerned about your skins appearance, you probably follow a daily skin care regimen to keep your skin looking […. ...
Baby-Led Weaning (Baby Led Eating) is the no fuss, no mush way of weaning your baby on to solid food. Join our community to share the journey.
FTT is principally a syndrome of young children. This study, similar to the case report studies (Glaser et al., 1968; Hannaway, 1970; Riley et al., 1968), saw very few FTT children over 18 months of age, with the majority being below 1 year of age. Since growth failure is rarely seen after 18 months of age, it suggests that FTT is a diagnostic label virtually restricted to infancy.. Subsequent to the data collection efforts of this study, FTT has become a common discharge diagnosis for newborn infants held in the neonatal intensive care unit at Childrens Hospital Medical Center. These infants could not have the same etiology as the slightly older FTT children. Future FTT studies should have a lower and upper age limit in order to obtain a more homogeneous subject population.. The higher proportion of males is a striking feature of the present FTT sample. This finding is stronger, but parallels similar distributions seen in many other studies (Glaser et al., 1968; Hannaway, 1970; Pollitt et al., ...
Janice, a forty-four-year-old full-time schoolteacher, visited her doctors office complaining of fatigue, difficulty keeping up with the demands of her busy family of three children, lack of interest in sex with her husband, and irritable outbursts that were getting her into trouble at work and at home. Up until six months ago I was feeling Read more ...
I have observed Purnima Sreenivasan in both the in-patient and out-patient setting and watched the results of her efforts first-hand with my mother. When mom broke her hip three years ago, Purnima Sreenivasan was instrumental in working with the orthopedic surgeon and the physical therapy group to help restore moms ability to walk, one of her favorite pastimes. From a fall and fracture that contributes to mortality for over 35% of patients (over 80 years old) in one year, and reduces mobility for over 65%, she helped mom back to walking three miles a day unassisted, a nearly unheard of result. Purnima Sreenivasan is a warm, engaging individual ...
Why are visible signs of aging-fine lines, wrinkles, sagging, roughness and scaling, and overall discoloration-apparent in someone thirty years old and virtually absent in someone fifty-five years old? You may think that the fifty-five-year-old with the youthful, vibrant skin has great genetics and stays out of the sun, which would be the easy answer. But Read more ...
Why are some pets finicky eaters? This is notorious in some cats and small dogs, such as miniature poodles, who often run the whole show not just the nutritional phase. This is partly due to
In the modern era the topic of healthy eating is permeating our society. Issues like GMO (genetically modified organism), gluten-free products, soy and organic versus non-organic products is stimulating debate about what to put in our bodies. Certainly, people are entitled to eat what they want. However, when we consider that unhealthy diets contribute to an increase in obesity, adult and childhood diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and cancer we should pay close attention to the data.. Everyone knows eating fruits, vegetables, nuts and grains are recommended for a healthy lifestyle. However, when the topic of GMO is factored, research studies demonstrate that our healthy food staples may cause more harm than good. Research data from universities, international government organizations, and private research firms, demonstrate that mice exclusively fed GMO foods develop rapid cancer cells and tumors. This is alarming considering 95% of soybeans and 80% of corn grown in the U.S., are ...
How come vaporizing bad for your wellbeing? Its not a question of if its bad for you. Its a question of when you should quit. Unfortunately, there are a great number of vapers whove made the mistake of thinking that because theyre inhaling vaporized nicotine, they arent really doing anything to themselves. Basically, they arent as inhaling tobacco smoke as their lungs would become should they smoked an entire Novo 2 pack of cigarettes. The problem with vaporizing is that its hard to know just how much is inhaled. It may seem that you are inhaling significantly less than you are when you are drinking a cup of coffee or tea, but in the event that you havent taken a puff of anything significantly less than a carton of cigarette juice, you are probably not. Even worse, there are a few foods and drinks which will make it harder to determine how much you are consuming when you are utilizing a vaping device. The problem with consuming non-organic or artificial flavors is they interfere with ...
Why, I thought while cleaning the pull out near the Hope cutoff, would anyone come this far to dump their old plants over the side of the hill? Yet, there they were--plastic bags full of rotting vegetation and dead stalks with exposed root balls. I cleaned up the non-organic matter before thinking I should have taken a photo of the mess, so I took this shot from above afterwards ...
In this post I am going to talk about how I intend to guide my young students education towards having a good foundation. Ya know, calling him that is odd. Lets call him Steve (obviously not his real name). Steve is unfocused. This is not unexpected in a 17 year old who hasnt been exposed to most of the aspects of his industry. My intended solution is to give him a broad base, and then have him focus on something. Im going to post my rough outline of how I want to direct his study. Could someone please be so kind as to give me criticism on my intended pedagogical approach? First, I have to break down what I want to expose him to. List of fundamental skills I intend to cover with him (with general programming intentionally excluded): terrain, organic modeling, artificial (non-organic) modeling, texturing, rigging, animation, lighting, materials (shaders), particles, post process (Photoshop, Blenders compositor), UDKs Kismet. Please let me know how that list is incomplete. (I would not know ...
ErythroPro® is a premier-quality blood support formula featuring live-source iron (beet and rice bran-derived). It does not contain non-organic iron (such as ferrous fumarate). It offers two important key blends: Iron Elite™ and Blood Advantage™ for optimal support.
They avoid tomatoes, non-organic foods, and dont cook with olive oil. Should you do the same? A top nutritionist shares the truth. You dont need me to
I have some interesting facts on the mineral content of organic versus non-organic food. Organic is defined as a natural plant grown without pesticides, herb...
Many residual and waste streams such as water, heat, CO2, organic and non-organic waste contain necessary resources for plants. They can derive from supermarkets, production companies and households in towns and cities. The concept of Urban Farming involves moving part of the plant production into the towns to create a synergy between different production methods, where resources can be used optimally and where the establishment of a sustainable production of healthy foods can be ensured.
Dr. Machanic responded: Terminology. The term functional is sort of slang for non-organic and |a href=/topics/paresis track_data={
I have a 5 week old and I have breast constriction which I am told prevents me from making enough milk to EBF. I got off to an awful start thanks to terrible advice and inadequate experience/knowledge and because my son has tongue tie and upper lip tie. When he did latch he chomped and still sortable does which made my nipples a bloody scabby mess that further deterred me from feeding as often as I should have. Then of course, my son got jaundice and had a poor weight gain so the formula
Failure to thrive (FTT) is a term that is traditionally used for children who have failed to develop and grow normally. Failure to thrive occurs when a child is either not receiving enough calories or is unable to properly use the calories that are given, resulting in failure to grow or gain weight.
European Federation of Health Products Manufacturers Associations - EHPM represents specialist health product manufacturers in Europe. It works towards developing an appropriate regulatory framework throughout the EU for its members products.
Sick people, or Those people with Serious or persistent indications should search for the recommendation of the doctor or overall health Skilled. Only use the knowledge and ideas Within this website under their supervision. Anything you browse Heres not a substitute for Specialist health care prognosis or treatment. The author, publisher, distributor, and any of their brokers or staff members disclaim all accountability or liability in connection with the accuracy of and usage of the data and tips In this particular Site ...
European Federation of Health Products Manufacturers Associations - EHPM represents specialist health product manufacturers in Europe. It works towards developing an appropriate regulatory framework throughout the EU for its members products.
When it comes to specialist health and wellbeing retailers, were number 1. The biggest in Europe. Weve over 1,000 stores (and more on the way) in almost every major city and town across the UK and Ireland - not to mention more than 80 stores around the world too. Its big scale stuff. Whats the secret to our success? Its our people. People across Retail, Store Support and Distribution. Theyre the ones whove built our business from the ground up - and always will.
Children are diagnosed with failure to thrive (FTT) when their weight or rate of weight gain is significantly below average. Learn about FTT and nutrition.
Coates, R., Weaver, K., Lloyd, R., Ceccacci, N., & Greenberg, M. (2011). Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome as a cause for infant hypotension. The Western Journal Of Emergency Medicine, 12(4), 512-514.. ...
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity usually due to cows milk or soy. Recent researches show that fish is 1 of the most important triggers of FPIES in the Mediterranean countries. Due to the risk of multiple-food FPIES, avoiding foods in the same category or that often occur together may be reasonable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the evolution and follow-up of FPIES related to fish over a period of 20 years. We describe the clinical features of our population, discuss different approaches to oral food challenges, and analyze the possibility of introducing the culprit fish or other nonrelated fish to avoid unnecessary restricted diets ...
The International FPIES Association (I-FPIES) is proud to name three additional members to our Medical Advisory Board (MAB), which is comprised of the worlds leading experts on Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES).. Our Medical Advisory Board is composed of allergists, immunologists, gastroenterologists and nutritionists who share a common purpose to create global collaboration for the diagnosis, treatment, management and advancement of FPIES. The MAB advises the organization on FPIES education, awareness and advocacy initiatives while also providing medical review of our web content and educational materials.. As part of our effort to advance awareness and understanding of FPIES, were thrilled to announce three new MAB members:. Jean-Christoph Caubet, ...
Organic food has become incredibly popular. This article explains what it is and whether it is really healthier than non-organic food.
Before using any insecticides or pesticides, you should read the instructions carefully. It is important to follow all the safety precautions mentioned in the instruction manual of the pesticide. You should store the pesticide in a safe place, which is away from childrens reach. Sometimes, pesticides can cause skin irritation and redness. You should not apply the insecticides near plants that are pollinated. If you are not sure about whether the pests are being killed with the pesticide, you can test the pesticide with an independent tester.. The pesticides available in the market are categorized into two - organic and non-organic insecticides. Non-organic pesticides contain chemical substances that are derived from plant chemicals and organic pesticides are made from natural substances. Organic pesticides are safer for both the environment and the farmers as they do not pollute the air and water. However, organic pesticides are more costly than non-organic ones.. Certain precautions should be ...
PWS is a complex neurobehavioral syndrome. Clinical features include obesity, increased appetite, low muscle tone, cognitive impairment, distinct behavioral features, hypogonadism, and neonatal failure-to-thrive. It is the most commonly recognized genetic cause of obesity; however, many obese children do not in fact have PWS. These individuals are therefore diagnosed with EMO, a condition that shares features with PWS. The development of new advances and strategies for treating PWS and EMO requires a thorough understanding of the conditions at both the clinical and molecular levels. One goal of this study is to collect long-term data on individuals with PWS and EMO in order to gain a better understanding of the natural progression of the conditions, from the neonatal period well into adulthood. Specific to PWS, this study will establish a genotype-phenotype correlation among the different sub-types and will evaluate the effects of growth hormone treatment on disease progression. Lastly, the ...
PWS is a complex neurobehavioral syndrome. Clinical features include obesity, increased appetite, low muscle tone, cognitive impairment, distinct behavioral features, hypogonadism, and neonatal failure-to-thrive. It is the most commonly recognized genetic cause of obesity; however, many obese children do not in fact have PWS. These individuals are therefore diagnosed with EMO, a condition that shares features with PWS. The development of new advances and strategies for treating PWS and EMO requires a thorough understanding of the conditions at both the clinical and molecular levels. One goal of this study is to collect long-term data on individuals with PWS and EMO in order to gain a better understanding of the natural progression of the conditions, from the neonatal period well into adulthood. Specific to PWS, this study will establish a genotype-phenotype correlation among the different sub-types and will evaluate the effects of growth hormone treatment on disease progression. Lastly, the ...
The dietitians at Feed to Succeed are specially trained to provide pediatric Medical Nutrition Therapy, or MNT. This means that we understand how to use foods and liquids as part of a treatment plan to improve the health and well-being of your child. Nutrition therapy can improve weight issues, including both underweight/failure-to-thrive and overweight. We can use nutrition therapy to address GI problems such as excessive gas, diarrhea, constipation and reflux. MNT is also a common part of a treatment plan for issues such as celiac disease, food allergies/intolerances, elevated cholesterol, and blood sugar control.. ...
At Babies Are Priceless, we offer baby and toddler products to people who have chosen a green, healthy and better future for the babies in their life. Babies are so priceless, they deserve to spend every day in a wholesome, natural surrounding. We have chosen our baby products carefully to give your baby that protection and life style under the organic umbrella of healthy and green living. Why is organic so important to us? Non-organic cotton fields account for nearly 75% of the toxic pesticides used in the world today. We understand that pests must be controlled to produce a good crop of cotton, but we do not have to support it or the type of chemicals they use. The pesticides in non-organic cotton can cause rashes, lung disorders, and so many more health problems for your baby. By switching to 100% certified organic cotton or bamboo, your baby will feel better and have a better chance at a healthy life. By not supporting pesticide-laden cotton fields, you can make a difference, and one day ...
Several years ago, scientists at Rutgers University set-out to disprove the claim that organic produce was more nutritious than non-organic produce. The study used produce from supermarkets and health food stores. The strategy was to analyze the mineral content of various vegetables and compare them for nutrition value, particularly mineral content.. What Is Organic?. The term used today to label non-organic produce is commercial. This produce is grown using a variety of chemicals to destroy plant pests or enhance growth. Many of these chemical are known carcinogens in addition to being toxic to the soil and environment. Produce grown without any of these chemicals is considered organic.. There has actually been very little hard data to prove that organic produce is in any way superior to conventional produce. Most folks who purchase organic innately believe that naturally grown vegetables and fruits, without chemicals and pesticides, are intuitively better and healthier.. Which Is ...
Several years ago, scientists at Rutgers University set-out to disprove the claim that organic produce was more nutritious than non-organic produce. The study used produce from supermarkets and health food stores. The strategy was to analyze the mineral content of various vegetables and compare them for nutrition value, particularly mineral content.. What Is Organic?. The term used today to label non-organic produce is commercial. This produce is grown using a variety of chemicals to destroy plant pests or enhance growth. Many of these chemical are known carcinogens in addition to being toxic to the soil and environment. Produce grown without any of these chemicals is considered organic.. There has actually been very little hard data to prove that organic produce is in any way superior to conventional produce. Most folks who purchase organic innately believe that naturally grown vegetables and fruits, without chemicals and pesticides, are intuitively better and healthier.. Which Is ...
As for the Clorox bath, I can certainly understand anyones hesitancy in using it. Especially if theyre already sensitive to chemicals, even minute amounts. Maybe this is one of those instances where Im lucky that, as Doctor DAdamo pointed out, my GT is not particularly sensitive to environmental chemicals. Regardless, I definitely reviewed the mechnisms involved before personally using this method. I also took into consideration that Doctor Parcells lived to be 106 years old and used the Clorox bath on her produce daily (however, I do know that some people smoke and still live to a ripe old age, but Im not going to follow their lead). Too, an equally important aspect of the process is to rinse and then soak again in fresh water for at least an equal amount of time as the Clorox bath ... so as to completely allow any small amounts of residual Clorox to chemically break down in the water dilution (I usually do the rinse soak in sunlight, as well, since UV radiation in sunlight provides energy ...
Before we will certainly realize the subject of natural and organic chemistry, we have to initial know very well what it is actually. Organic chemistry may be the investigation on the chemical chemistry of carbon-containing compounds, which includes inorganic compounds that incorporate hydrogen atoms, by having a couple exceptions. The expression organic it denotes that the substances are made up of an organic compound. Natural and organic compounds are further more divided into two leading categories: compounds of natural hydrogen and non-organic carbon.. Organic compounds may be labeled in keeping with their chemical makeup. Compounds which have a composition of 1 organic and natural device and at the least one particular non-organic units represent a monomer. Compounds that include even more than an individual monomer and more than an individual non-monomer are composite compounds. One can find a few varieties of ionized substances: alkaline, acid and polar. Amid alkaline and polar ...
The following is a basic list of supplies that you are likely to need while staying at Cashu. The list is not exhaustive. For comfort and/or research you may want to bring additional items.. First, what NOT to take: Avoid as much as possible taking in anything that will become non-organic rubbish (e.g. plastic packaging materials). This is because all non-organic rubbish must be taken out of Cashu. There is a bin at the station to collect such rubbish and CCBS is responsible for removing it.. Money: Checks and credit cards are usually not accepted, your ATM card is most likely to work (but only in Lima and Cusco, not on the journey to Cashu). American dollars are accepted in Cusco, but for the journey to Cashu it is better to have Peruvian soles handy. To give you an idea of what youll need money for: the journey from Cusco to Cashu takes three days (if all goes well). Private transport by van (called Expreso) from Cusco to Atalaya (one way) costs approximately US$ 170 in total. The more people ...
Talking about good weight gain, mOmmy on the other hand is showing poor weight gain. Gosh, im loosing more weight. I now weigh less than 40kg. And this poor weight gain made me loose my ring! (NO, not my wedding ring) The other day I did notice that my ring is loose, so instead of wearing it at my fourth finger, i ended wearing it at my third finger. I thought that would be safe enough. I only realised that my ring is no longer at my finger when i had my body massage yesterday. Goshh....this is sooooo not good ...
Cognition Builders are home intervention and parenting coaching experts who help with behavioral family intervention through therapy and psychology.
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To my way of thinking, having read way too much (or just enough, as the case may be), and having worked with special needs children (some of whose parents KNOW their childrens problems began as a direct result of a shot), Id rather have my children take chances with a virus or bacteria than dealing with the possible (probable?) side affects of the immunizations. That may be dangerous to say, but right now thats our position. My children have amazing immune systems and I see no reason why they would get a horrible disease. Diseases dont hit everybody. They pick and choose their victims. If we stay as healthy as we possibly can, and reasonably protect ourselves with herbs and no sugar (especially during high-sickness seasons), we shouldnt have to worry about it. Every year when all our home schooling and home churching friends get colds, we dont. Theyre all into health food (defined in our circles, generally, as grinding your own whole wheat and eating a piece of (non-organic) fruit every ...
Mainstream solutions focus on vocational skilling and school enrollment, but do not consider the impact of adversity. These solutions will have limited impact because they do not address the non-organic component of adversity, known as a failure to thrive which is observed in young peoples inability to demonstrate age-appropriate behaviours like paying attention and managing conflict. The lack of life skills is one of the most critical gap areas stopping young people to overcome adversity and develop the skills needed to achieve well-being for themselves in the fast-changing 21st century ...
Even those who do not avoid all GMO products on principle are beginning to switch to natural cleaners because of fears about the ingredients used in non-organic cleaning products. Conventional cleaning methods end up coating the surfaces of a home with toxic substances. In households with younger children, there are also concerns about accidental consumption of the cleaning product. A toddler who accidentally handles a homemade cleaner made with vinegar is far safer than a toddler who accidentally gets a hold of a detergent with bleach in it. Attempting to list all of the dangerous chemicals in normal household cleaners would take far longer than this article, but a few of the most problematic ingredients include butoxyethanol, nonylphenol, butoxydiglycol, ethoxydiglycol, toluene, and benzene. Long-term exposure to these products, either by breathing them in or getting them on the skin during cleaning, has been linked to asthma, cancers, and kidney damage. These sorts of chemicals can be ...
Am I going to be an outcast? A friend, who recently moved to an upscale neighborhood in Madison, Wis., called me last week to ask if she would be able to make mommy friends if she continued feeding her children - gasp! - non-organic food. This is how Naomi Schaefer Riley begins her piece in the New York Post, in which she very accurately describes the emergence of a group of parents called the organic mommy mafia. This phrase describes those parents who not only will exclusively feed their children organic food, but who also want to evangelize, other mothers, in the words of Julie Gunlock, Director of the Independent Womens Forum Culture of Alarmism Project. Read more.. Watch the Video ...
The majority of inflammation in the system comes from the gut. Specifically eating inflammatory foods such as: processed foods, refined sugar, GMOs, non-organic foods, and allergenic foods like wheat, dairy, corn and soy. Avoiding inflammatory foods reduces inflammation in the gut. When the gut is exposed to inflammation over a period of time, the tight junctions between the gut cells becomes permeable. Meaning undigested food particles escape into the blood stream. These food particles trigger the immune system to produce immunoglobulins against them, thinking they are foreign invaders. This process creates food allergies and sensitivities. The foods we are allergic to differ person to person, so having them assessed by a physician is the first step to helping repair the gut. Other ways to repair the gut lining and decrease inflammation are taking supplements proven to help: fish oil, L-glutamine, FOS (fructooligosaccharides) and probiotics. ...
3. CLEAN & ORGANIC No chemicals, no pesticides, no synthetic fertilizers or fumigants. No artificial man-made stuff that can make you sick. Lots of harmful bacteria and germs are in the non-organic food we consume.. 4. FAST ACCESS. To enjoy live food anytime, anywhere, grow them yourself. You dont have to worry if your nearest supermarket doesnt carry stock or they look limp and yellow.. 5. QUICK GROWTH You only need a jar, a strainer or a flour sieve from your kitchen, water 2-3 times a day and ordinary room light, and the seeds will sprout within days. You definitely dont need green fingers to grow and harvest sprouts. Guaranteed. These pictures here are moth beans and black bean sprouts at 3-day old. Lovely, arent they?. 6. GREEN & FRESH You harvest and you eat. Guaranteed no loss of nutrients. Those vegetables thats sitting in hot warehouses and transportation trucks will lose some of their vitality when brought to the stores.. 7. DIGESTIBILITY The delicate cell walls of baby sprouts ...
Choose Organic for the Cleanest Milk Samples of non-organic retail milk tested positive for residues of antibiotics - two of which are illegal in the United States and banned from dairy production -- and commonly-used controversial pesticides. Organic milk showed no such contaminants. Residues of growth hormones in conventional milk were up to 20 times higher than in organic.
Last week, the Organic Consumers Association (OCA) disrupted the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) meeting to protest a move by the USDAs National Organic Program (NOP) that makes it more difficult for the NOSB to phase out synthetic and non-organic materials from organic food. We did persuade the NOSB to enforce its Oct. 21, 2014, deadline for ending the use of
If you eat out at restaurants, purchase non-organic or processed foods from the grocery store, or even take vitamin supplements that have not been consciously crafted with quality ingredients, chances are you are routinely ingesting genetically modified organisms (GMOs) without even knowing it. And unless you take the time to regularly detoxify these unnatural poisons, they may be building up inside your body and triggering alterations in your natural gene expression, which could eventually lead to chronic illness and even death ...
Del Forte Denim though has taken the high road, and only uses cotton that is grown naturally.. Founder of the company and chief designer Tierra Del Forte kindly agreed to answer a few questions.. Why did Del Forte get into the green side of fashion?. Del Forte Denim has always been made from only certified organic cotton. When I founded the company it was very important to me that the company values matched my personal values. Prior to launching Del Forte, I did a lot of research to see how I could improve the way jeans were made from an environmental standpoint. I discovered that the single the most impactful thing I could do was to use organic cotton and I have been committed to organic ever since.. From a manufacturing standpoint are the raw materials significantly more expensive using green?. Absolutely, organic cotton is a least 20% more expensive than non-organic. However, when you look at the long term benefits, such as nutrient rich soil, health farmers and clear air and water in ...
According to the Washington Post, Under the original organics law, 5 percent of a USDA-certified organic can consist of non-organic substances, provided they are approved by the National Organic Standards Board. Since its creation in 2002, that list has grown from 77 to 245 substances. The goal was to shrink the list over time, but only one item has been removed so far.. However, with all that is being added to conventional fruits, vegetables, and meats; the organic alternative is definitely more congruent with what our ancestors and even our grandparents grew up eating.. A quick tip to help in your shopping - look to the PLU code. PLU codes are used to help store clerks with the price of the product, but you can use it too!. ...
What is the dirty dozen? In 1995, the Environmental Working Group identified foods in the conventional, non-organic food supply that contained the highest number of pesticide residues. The worst offenders, which were nicknamed the dirty dozen, included:. ...
Most of us who enjoy and believe in an organic lifestyle try to incorporate our beliefs into every aspect of our daily lives. Making educated choices in food, cleaning products, furniture, and clothing are just a few ways we can do that. But buying organic usually comes with a price….literally.. Everyday organic item pricing is almost always higher than non-organic. With the increase of popularity in the organic industry, however, companies are coming out with low-cost options. This is even creeping its way into the fashion world.. Clothes are not only necessary, theyre what separate and individualize us, whether we realize it or not. For me, what I wear is a chance to express myself. Moods, seasons, personality, and priorities are all reflected in our choice of dress and represent us in the minds of others. A person is more likely to remember someones clothes than the color of their eyes.. If we put that much thought into our image, why arent we putting even more into what our clothes are ...
CERTIFIED organic products contain no synthetic chemicals at any stage of the production chain, beginning with growing, harvesting, storage, transporting and processing, through to the final ready-for-market product. Where there is an ingredient that is essential for the product to function, (e.g. xanthan gum to thicken) and that ingredient is not yet available as organically grown, then, up to a maximum of 5% of non-organic ingredients may be used in the product, and only until that ingredient becomes available and organically grown ...
Whole Organic Chicken. At Waitrose, Essentials range chickens cost £3.28 a kilo, free-range ones are £4.34 a kilo and Duchy organic chickens are £7.09 a kilo. At Tesco those prices are £2.48 a kilo for Value chickens, £4.50 a kilo for corn-fed free range chickens (currently on offer, usually £6) and £7 a kilo for organic chickens.. Thats a hefty premium for organic but lets put it in perspective:. Tesco (non-organic, non-free-range) chicken breast fillets are £11.43 a kilo and thigh fillets are £8 a kilo. Waitrose charge more for breast fillets which are £13.78 a kilo but less for thigh fillets at £6.99 a kilo.. Buying a whole chicken (and jointing it into portions yourself or cooking it whole and stretching it for multiple meals) is still much cheaper than buying ready-portioned chicken meat and perhaps that saving is enough to let you choose organic now and again?. We have two main methods of cooking whole chickens:. Most commonly, we roast them plain and simple with butter, ...
There were a few different routes we could take with the tiles. When we did the alpha rules we created a poster map that was rendered in a hi-tech blue-print style. While I loved it, it wasnt quite the look I wanted for the finished game. I wanted the tiles to be rendered in a realistic style that made you think you were looking at a real location. I wanted to present Alabaster Station as a definite place - a secret facility that the Strain nano-virus has ravaged and swept clean. The virus consume all organic and non-organic material it comes across - re-purposing it into part of the construct ...
The Gateshead Millennium Baby Study (GMBS) originated from the observation that slower than expected weight gain in infancy, traditionally known as failure to thrive, but more recently as weight faltering, had never been satisfactorily explained. There were methodological problems associated with much previous research. The first was the use of attained weight criteria to identify slow weight gain in infancy, which confounds poor postnatal weight gain with poor prenatal weight gain. The second was the use of referred samples of children, leading to selection biases. The third was the use of retrospective accounts from parents after poor weight gain had already been identified. The GMBS was thus originally designed to investigate the antecedents of weight faltering in a population-based prospective study that addressed the main methodological problems of previous research.. ...
CDG is a metabolic disorder that affects all parts of the body, but particularly leads to functional disturbances in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Common symptoms include varying degrees of intellectual disability; delayed gross motor development; low muscle tone (hypotonia); impaired balance and physical coordination; muscle weakness, primarily in the legs); and impaired vision. During infancy, common problems include feeding difficulties, diarrhoea and poor weight gain. Epilepsy is somewhat more common in children with CDG than in healthy ones. Speech is in most cases extremely impaired, whereas comprehension is quite good. Most will require a wheelchair or rollator. Spinal and thoracic deformities eventually arise. The medical complications stabilize in adolescence.. ...
A baby must be able to effectively remove milk from the breast during breastfeeding if he/she is to obtain enough milk to gain weight and tell the breasts to increase or maintain milk production. Therefore, ineffective milk removal can result in poor weight gain due to inadequate intake of milk by the baby, which is then followed by a drop in the amount of milk being produced for the baby.. A babys ability to suck and remove milk may be affected in different ways. Prematurity, labor and delivery medication, and conditions such as Down syndrome, may initially make it difficult for a babys central nervous system to remain alert or coordinate suck-swallow-breathe actions. Acute health conditions, such as jaundice or infection and chronic conditions, such as cardiac defects may also influence a babys level of alertness or the ability to suck. A mechanical issue, such as tongue-tie or a cleft lip or palate might directly interfere with a babys ability to use the structures in the mouth for ...
A baby must be able to effectively remove milk from the breast during breastfeeding if he/she is to obtain enough milk to gain weight and tell the breasts to increase or maintain milk production. Therefore, ineffective milk removal can result in poor weight gain due to inadequate intake of milk by the baby, which is then followed by a drop in the amount of milk being produced for the baby.. A babys ability to suck and remove milk may be affected in different ways. Prematurity, labor and delivery medication, and conditions such as Down syndrome, may initially make it difficult for a babys central nervous system to remain alert or coordinate suck-swallow-breathe actions. Acute health conditions, such as jaundice or infection and chronic conditions, such as cardiac defects may also influence a babys level of alertness or the ability to suck. A mechanical issue, such as tongue-tie or a cleft lip or palate might directly interfere with a babys ability to use the structures in the mouth for ...
Hi i seen your blog and loved it! But i was wondering if you could help me. I have a 8 month old girl (neveya) she has had many problems since birth with vomiting and screaming fits, poor weight gain. She only weighs 12lb 13oz and hasnt gained a oz in over a month. She has every thing from a NJ tube to MANY EDgs (scopes) they have even done Botox to open the bottom of her stomach so everything would drain out faster. But none of this has worked! The dietitian told us about Fpies. It all makes falls in to place. But my problem is i need to find a Dr around the WI, MN area. My insurance wont cover for us to go to NY or Penn. Do you know of anyone in this area ...
A 3-month-old girl is brought to your office with diarrhea, poor weight gain, and hair loss. She was thriving until a month ago, when her parents said she became chronically irritable and developed loose stools and a scaly rash on her face and in the diaper area.
I am treating a boy who is now 3 year old. At the age of 8 month he was presenting with poor weight gain and urinary tract infection {UTI}.
Although the discussion of pediatric growth failure can be traced back over a century in the medical literature, the term failure to thrive (FTT) has only been used in the past several decades. The previously used dichotomy of nonorganic (environmentally related) and organic growth failure is the result of either inadequate calorie absorption...
The MAP2K2 gene is associated with autosomal dominant Noonan syndrome (MedGen UID: 22527) and cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome (MedGen UID: 501103).
Dont use the data on this Web-site for diagnosing or dealing with a wellbeing difficulty or condition, or prescribing medication or other procedure. Generally speak with your physician or other Health care Expert before having any medication or nutritional, herbal or homeopathic supplement, or applying any therapy for just a health challenge. In case you have or suspect that you have a health care trouble, Call your wellness care service provider immediately. Tend not to disregard Specialist health care assistance or delay in seeking professional tips on account of a little something you have got Read more this Site ...
Kambu Health practices a holistic and preventative approach to health care. Each of our clinics offer general and specialist health care, complemented with long-term healthy lifestyle change. Programs and services promote healthy eating, physical activity and the importance of education for all our clients ...
In this Advanced Interface any change in the selection of a pulldown menu only sets the target for the corresponding control buttons (two-step mechanism ...
image by Alex Belfi, 29 September 2000. This is the coat of arms of Trieste, but it represented the whole Trieste territory, which is the small region of which Trieste is part, giving its name to it; so, i disagree with Pascal Vagnat (on your site), who says that Trieste isnt a region but a town, because actually its both of them. This coat of arms was the official coat of arms of the Free Territory of Trieste as mentioned in the consitution of the FTT. It was mainly used in Zone A. This coat of arms in not used officially today; but it is commonly used as general identification for this territory, and politically by independentists (i.e. people who want to bring back the FTT ...
The Financial Transaction Tax (FTT) could curtail the distribution of Ucits outside Europe and significantly reduce the assets of...
Common manifestations include ataxia; seizures; retinopathy; liver disease; coagulopathies; failure to thrive (FTT); dysmorphic ...
"Failure to Thrive: The Blog , From Mike King, the author of A Spirit of Charity". Commentonhealth.com. Retrieved 2016-07-19. W. ...
... failure to thrive; visual failure (nystagmus noted) by 6 months; initial hypotonia; later spasticity with pyramidal signs; ... some have cardiac failure Skeletal deformities: flexion contractures noted by 3 months; early subperiosteal bone formation (may ... due to pneumonia and respiratory failure); some have hyperacusis. Macular cherry-red spots in 50% by 6-10 months; corneal ...
It thrives in full sun. It can be propagated via hardwood cutting, softwood cuttings, or seed. However, specimens grown from ... Another reason for failure to bloom can be excessive fertilizer (particularly nitrogen). Wisteria has nitrogen fixing ...
John Flinn (February 26, 1995). "Thriving on Failure". San Francisco Chronicle. "City's crash test spawns controversy". www. ... GM hired investigators from Failure Analysis Associates (FaAA, now Exponent) to study the footage; FaAA investigators ...
1979 - Failure to Thrive. Singles. *"Sputnik" 7" (1997) Thurston Moore og Don Fleming side 1, Pete Kember aka Sonic Boom side 2 ...
The Baby Wise program has been associated with infantile failure to thrive, dehydration, malnutrition, problems with milk ... Aney, Matthew (April 1, 1998). "'Babywise' advice linked to dehydration, failure to thrive". AAP News. 14 (4): 21. Retrieved ... delayed development and failure to thrive, as well as lack of milk supply in the new mother and involuntary weaning of the ... and parents who were concerned that an infant reared using the book's advice will be at higher risk of failure to thrive, ...
Failure to thrive and anaemia may also be present. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding may imply colonic involvement. Muscular EG ( ...
Failure to thrive Attachment theory Maternal deprivation "Anaclitic Depression , Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. ...
Ehrenberg, H (2003). "Low maternal weight, failure to thrive in pregnancy, and adverse pregnancy outcomes". American Journal of ...
... this interruption to feeding combined with hypoxia can cause failure to thrive. If d-TGA is not diagnosed and corrected early ... With complex d-TGA, the infant will fail to thrive and is unlikely to survive longer than a year if corrective surgery is not ... a layperson is likely not to recognize symptoms until the infant is experiencing moderate to serious congestive heart failure ( ... which could otherwise lead to congestive heart failure ( CHF ). An endovascular stent is sometimes placed in a stenotic vessel ...
"The Failure of Organizing, the New Unity Partnership and the Future of the Labor Movement." WorkingUSA. September, 2004. "In ... "Public Sector Unions: Will They Thrive or Struggle to Survive?" Journal of Labor Research. 15:2 (Spring 2004). Professional ... "Union Free Bargaining Strategies and First Contract Failures." Proceedings of the Forty-Eighth Meeting of the Industrial ...
Infants may present with vomiting, diarrhea, and failure to thrive. Diagnosis can be made based upon CEBPE gene mutation or a ...
Children who have PSS exhibit signs of failure to thrive. Even though they appear to be receiving adequate nutrition, they do ...
... failure to thrive, hypotonia (decreased muscle tone); sacral hiatus (a structural deficiency of the sacral vertebrae), ... Growth failure and associated short stature (dwarfism) in Johanson-Blizzard syndrome can be attributed to growth hormone ... correlating to failures of normal apoptotic destruction of damaged cells and constitutive malpresence of proteins. This also ... hearing loss and growth failure. It is sometimes described as a form of ectodermal dysplasia. The disorder is especially noted ...
If untreated, it may lead to nephrocalcinosis and failure to thrive. It is also known as Lightwood Syndrome, Butler-Albright ... Clinical findings can include muscle wasting, vomiting, failure to thrive, fatigue, constipation, polyuria, and polydipsia. The ...
The syndrome is a rare but potentially fatal cause of failure to thrive in children. Failure to thrive presents on average at 7 ... a cause of failure to thrive and a model of partial growth hormone resistance". Pediatrics. 115 (6): 724-6. doi:10.1542/peds. ... or Russell's syndrome is a rare neurological disorder seen in infants and children and characterised by failure to thrive and ... a frequently neglected cause of failure to thrive in infants". Korean J Pediatr. 58 (1): 28-32. doi:10.3345/kjp.2015.58.1.28. ...
In general, children will exhibit failure to thrive and global delays. Most young children with 1p36 deletion syndrome have ...
Other symptoms include failure to thrive, vomiting, bleeding, rash, and infections. Many of these symptoms are easy to fake ...
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... failure to thrive. Later on, children may develop symptoms related to problems with blood flow and an enlarged heart. They may ... Bicuspid aortic valve disease is a big contributor to cardiac failure, which in turn makes up roughly 20% of late deaths to ...
Brain Teasers: Glenn wraps up the failure of the mission by saying, "Were you genuinely stumped? Or was it that moles thrive ...
They thrive best in active families, where they have outlets for their high energy, and require space to run freely. Young ... This ruling came into effect on 17 June 2008; von Willebrands Disease (vWD) - a failure of the blood to clot over a wound, ... Young puppies do not thrive and continually pick up infections. They can also have growth problems and may die well before they ... These are: Canine Leucocyte Adhesion Deficiency (CLAD) - a failure of the immune system to fight infection. ...
... failure to thrive, and kyphoscoliosis. The disease may occur with or without failure to thrive and arthrogryposis. Low birth ...
In contrast, failure to thrive is usually defined in terms of weight, and can be evaluated either by a low weight for the ... "Failure to Thrive: Miscellaneous Disorders in Infants and Children: Merck Manual Professional". Retrieved 2010-03-23. ... All these features go up to make a medical assessment of whether a child is thriving, so that a professional looking to start ... What this suggests is that social work staff could consult medical notes to establish if the baby or child is failing to thrive ...
A patent ductus arteriosus affects approximately 4% of infants with Down syndrome (DS). A failure to thrive is a very common ... Failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth results in a condition called patent ductus arteriosus, which results in ... If left uncorrected, this usually leads to pulmonary hypertension followed by right ventricular heart failure, as well as ...
Many patients suffer from failure to thrive and from recurrent respiratory infections. Most infants with ML I die before the ...
2010). "Peroxisomal Disorder-Unusual Presentation as Failure to Thrive in Early Infancy". Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 77 (10 ...
In small children, failure to thrive may occur in any form of anemia. In addition, symptoms related to hemolysis may be present ... Hypoproteinemia, Anemia, and Failure to Thrive in an Infant Levitt, Robert E.; Ostrow, Donald J. (1980). "Hemolytic Jaundice ... Kahre, Tiina; Teder, Maris; Panov, Maarja; Metspalu, Andres (2004). "Severe CF manifestation with anaemia and failure to thrive ... Pulmonary hypertension eventually causes right ventricular heart failure, the symptoms of which are peripheral edema (fluid ...
Another result of child neglect is what people call "failure to thrive". Infants who have deficits in growth and abnormal ... Parental failure to provide for a child, when options are available, is different from failure to provide when options are not ... Failure to provide [results in] physical neglect, emotional neglect, medical/dental neglect, educational neglect. The failure ... All these features go up to make a medical assessment of whether a child is thriving, so that a professional looking to start ...
... failure to use or delay in using conventional science-based medicine has caused deaths.[171][172] ... "On Fringes of Health Care, Untested Therapies Thrive", The New York Times, retrieved December 22, 2015 ... This is further exacerbated by the tendency to turn to alternative therapies upon the failure of medicine, at which point the ... because they've seen the failure so often in the past.[165] ...
Lauritz' failure to look after the children causes a rift between Agnes and him. She starts a small business at home so she can ... Skjern's business is thriving despite the war - in part due to Daniel's help. The local resistance group launch sabotage ... But her business is thriving, and she refuses. For business, Agnes seeks out Mads Skjern, who is impressed by her ingenuity. ... Mads' business continues to thrive and he even begins issuing loans to the locals. His younger brother Kristen, a banker, ...
... increased labour militancy driving industries out of the state leaving the state high and dry on resources to thrive. Numerous ... his health condition became extremely critical and he was suffering from multiple organ failure. Seventeen days after being ...
Failure to thrive. *Short stature *Idiopathic. General. *Anorexia. *Weight loss. *Cachexia. *Underweight ...
Failure to stimulate the economy by public or private sectors will just unnecessarily lengthen the current economic depression ... Under poor consumption people are unable to spend and markets cannot thrive. Krugman disputes that although it is necessary to ...
Writing in the New York Press, Michael Manville accused Thabit of poor research, sweeping generalizations, and a failure to ... "Thriving City Line Draws Hard Workers". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 22, 2009 ...
... mask unwanted auditory stimuli and promote a calm environment that reduces the complications for high-risk or failure-to-thrive ... The creation and expansion of music therapy as a treatment modality thrived in the early to mid 1900s and while a number of ...
... sometimes resulting in kidney failure that has required kidney dialysis or kidney transplantation. In addition, some patients ... of low rainfall prior to growing and well-distributed rainfall during growing are also essential for the ginger to thrive well ...
Le Pen congratulated him again for what she claimed was an endorsement of the FN's views on the failure of multiculturalism and ... "thrive when a country does not control its borders".[31] ...
He called her autopsy "shoddy," saying it was a failure that Caylee's skull was not opened during her examination. "You need to ... "TV Justice Thrives on Fear". New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2011 ... the prosecution's failure to fully disclose it could have been grounds for a mistrial.[90] ... "Casey Anthony's 'failure to protect' contributed to Caylee's death, DCF says". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 21, 2011 ...
In 2005, storm surge from Hurricane Katrina caused catastrophic failure of the federally designed and built levees, flooding 80 ... "Violence thrives on lack of jobs, wealth of drugs". The Times-Picayune.. Archived November 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine ... "A Troubled Dream: The Promise and Failure of School Desegregation in Louisiana". Vanderbilt University. Archived from the ... surrounding New Orleans-no matter how large or sturdy-cannot provide absolute protection against overtopping or failure in ...
Young children, on the other hand, are generally not only thin but may have "failure to thrive", where growth is reduced. Poor ... This can result in a severe form of congestive heart failure known as cor pulmonale. Diastolic function of the heart also ...
Microbes in water cause the paper-element filters in the system to rot and fail, causing failure of the fuel pump due to ... which can thrive on marginal agricultural land where many trees and crops will not grow, or would produce only low yields. ...
The kava shrub thrives in loose, well-drained soils where plenty of air reaches the roots. It grows naturally where rainfall is ... Changes in the activity of 5-HT neurons could explain the sleep-inducing action[41] However, failure of the GABAA receptor ... Still, there seems to be convincing evidence in some cases of severe hepatitis ending in fulminant hepatic failure, requiring ...
Initial symptoms include feeding intolerance and failure to thrive, increased gastric residuals, abdominal distension and ...
Ishi died of his illness in early 1916, and Kroeber partly blamed the exacting nature of working with Sapir for his failure to ... Sapir never thrived at Yale, where as one of only four Jewish faculty members out of 569 he was denied membership to the ...
Kaplan, Robert S.; Norton, D. P. (1 October 2000). The Strategy-Focused Organization: How Balanced Scorecard Companies Thrive ... it is argued that many failures in the early days of balanced scorecard could be attributed to this problem, in that early ...
... at 28 weeks gestation with respiratory complications and had a fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux and failure to thrive ...
... failure to thrive, and eventual death. Experimental riboflavin deficiency in dogs results in growth failure, weakness, ataxia, ... or rice bran prevented the growth failure of rats fed a thiamin-supplemented diet. ...
... "failure to communicate honestly about delays and cancellations" as well as the bumping of passengers from flights and that ... "small businesses to thrive on the Internet".[26] ... of Health and Human Services due to a scandal over his failure ...
It has to be kept in mind that the word happiness meant "prosperity, thriving, wellbeing" in the 18th century and not the same ... such as failure to meet over-high expectations,[83] and has advocated a more open stance to all emotions.[84] A 2012 study ...
... leading to a failure to thrive.[1] Children with early Leigh disease also may appear irritable and cry much more than usual. ... However, respiratory failure is the most common cause of death in people with Leigh syndrome. Other neurological symptoms ...
This failure is attributed to a number of reasons over which there is some degree of contention, although there is general ... hiding it from people prevents the child from getting the right amount of social interaction and treatment in order to thrive ... been a thoroughgoing failure. The seriously mentally ill are either homeless, or in prison; in either case (especially the ... "Failure and Delay in Initial Treatment Contact After First Onset of Mental Disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey ...
His failure is also attributable to "the failure of the social class to which he belonged and whose interests he considered to ... As economic activity increased and industries thrived, industrial workers began organizing for better conditions. With the ... LaFrance, David G. The Mexican Revolution in Puebla, 1908-1913: The Maderista Movement and Failure of Liberal Reform. ... Madero's failure to move on land reform during 1911-13 was a key reason the Zapata rebelled against him under the Plan of Ayala ...
Approximately 35% of echinoderm genera became extinct at the K-Pg boundary, although taxa that thrived in low-latitude, shallow ... "Mass failure of the North Atlantic margin triggered by the Cretaceous-Paleogene bolide impact". Geology. 28 (12): 1119-1122. ... In the Maastrichtian age, 28 shark families and 13 batoid families thrived, of which 25 and 9, respectively, survived the K-T ...
Many invertebrates thrive in snow, including spiders, wasps, beetles, snow scorpionflys and springtails. Such arthropods are ... Avalanches are typically triggered in a starting zone from a mechanical failure in the snowpack (slab avalanche) when the ... Algae, Chlamydomonas nivalis, that thrive in snow form red areas in the suncups on this snow surface ... "Napoleon's failure: For the want of a winter horseshoe". BBC news magazine. Archived from the original on February 9, 2012 ...
Common examples include decompensated heart failure, kidney failure, and liver failure. Biosphere[edit]. In the Gaia hypothesis ... may thrive and produce more dimethyl sulfide (DMS). The DMS molecules act as cloud condensation nuclei, which produce more ... A well-known example of a homeostatic failure is shown in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Here blood sugar regulation is unable to ... Many diseases are the result of a homeostatic failure. Almost any homeostatic component can malfunction either as a result of ...
William, C. Wilson; Grande, Christopher M.; Hoyt, David B. (2007). "Pathophysiology of acute respiratory failure". Trauma, ... already expend a lot of energy and thus have high oxygen demands and yet Andean hummingbirds have been found to thrive in high ... kidney failure, or abnormal hemoglobin (such as that of sickle-cell disease). ... and the circulating hemoglobin can cause renal failure. ... in patients with diabetes and advanced systolic heart failure ...
Failure to thrive. *Immunization. *Infant and toddler safety. *Infant bathing. *Infant food safety ...
What Causes Failure to Thrive?. Different things can cause failure to thrive, including:. *Not enough calories provided. ... What Is Failure to Thrive?. When growing kids dont gain weight as they should, it is called "failure to thrive." ... How Is Failure to Thrive Treated?. Treating kids who fail to thrive involves making sure they get the calories needed to grow. ... Failure to thrive is not a disease or disorder itself. Rather, its a sign that a child is undernourished. In general, kids who ...
About Failure to Thrive. Although its been recognized for more than a century, failure to thrive lacks a clear definition, in ... Does My Child Have Failure to Thrive?. If youre worried that your child is failing to thrive, remember that many things can ... When this happens, its called "failure to thrive.". Doctors say children "fail to thrive" when they dont gain weight as ... Failure to Thrive. Most kids steadily gain weight and grow quickly within the first few years of life. But in some cases, kids ...
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Failure to thrive: Failure to thrive is the term used to describe the condition in which a young child fails to gain weight ... Other articles where Failure to thrive is discussed: childhood disease and disorder: ... In childhood disease and disorder: Failure to thrive. Failure to thrive is the term used to describe the condition in which a ...
Failure to thrive refers to children whose current weight or rate of weight gain is much lower than that of other children of ... Failure to thrive refers to children whose current weight or rate of weight gain is much lower than that of other children of ... Failure to thrive may be caused by medical problems or factors in the childs environment, such as abuse or neglect. ... Failure to thrive. In: Marcdante KJ, Kliegman RM, eds. Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; ...
... the term failure to thrive (FTT) has only been used in the past several decades. The previously used dichotomy of nonorganic ( ... environmentally related) and organic growth failure is the result of either inadequate calorie absorption... ... Although the discussion of pediatric growth failure can be traced back over a century in the medical literature, ... Failure to Thrive) and Failure to Thrive What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Failure to Thrive ...
Failure to Thrive - Obesity - Circumcision - Toilet Training - Elimination Disorders - Child Abuse and Neglect - Normal Sexual ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=LMCC/Failure_to_Thrive&oldid=1141684" ...
... , Failure to Thrive in Children, Pediatric Failure to Thrive, Weight Faltering, FTT. ... Failure to Thrive. search Failure to Thrive, Failure to Thrive in Children, Pediatric Failure to Thrive, Weight Faltering, FTT ... See Failure to Thrive Diagnosis. *Relies on accurately recorded weight and height on growth chart over time. *Weight below 5th ... Nonorganic Failure to Thrive risks poor outcomes. *Risk of cognitive delay and school difficulty. *Lower Wechsler Intelligence ...
... , Failure to Thrive in Children, Pediatric Failure to Thrive, Weight Faltering, FTT. ... Failure to thrive, FTT - Failure to thrive, Failure to thrive (disorder), defective; thrive, thrive; failure, Failure to Thrive ... failure to thrive, Failure to thrive in infant, Failure to thrive in infant (disorder), Failure To Thrive, Failure-to-thrive, ... rndx failure to thrive, failure to thrive syndrome, failure-to-thrive, growth failure, Infant Failure to Thrive, [D]Failure to ...
Many infants with failure to thrive are not identified unless careful attention is paid to plotting growth parameters at ... All children with failure to thrive need additional calories for catch-up growth (typically 150 percent of the caloric ... Hospitalization is rarely required and is indicated only for severe failure to thrive and for those whose safety is a concern. ... A thorough history is the best guide to establishing the etiology of the failure to thrive and directing further evaluation and ...
Failure to thrive is a term used to describe a child who seems to be gaining weight or height more slowly than other children ... A baby who has failed to thrive may seem slow to develop physical skills, such as rolling over, standing, and walking. Slow ... What is failure to thrive?. Failure to thrive is a term used to describe a child who seems to be gaining weight or height more ... What causes failure to thrive?. Failure to thrive can be caused by medical conditions, such as anemia or thyroid problems. Some ...
A week ago, we took Kinsley to the pediatrician for her check up and found out that, at 5 weeks old, she was still at her birth weight. Up until then, I had been EBF, but she would constantly cry and cry. What I thought was gas pains were actually hunger cries. It broke my heart to realize that I hadnt been producing enough milk for my sweet girl. I switched her to formula and in just ONE week, she has gained an entire pound. The pediatrician was ecstatic, and Im so happy my girl is feeling better and getting the nutrition she needs!
Successful Entrepreneurs Thrive in Failure, So Embrace It When Its Inevitable Next Article * ... Embracing failure. For entrepreneurs, the ability to embrace failure -- or at least the prospect of it -- is essential for ... Sometimes (a lot of the time) failure breeds success, and it shouldnt be viewed with fear. Rather, the prospect of failure ... Failure Why Failure is Necessary in Order to Succeed as an Entrepreneur. ...
Failure to thrive is not a single disease or medical condition; rather, its a nonspec... ... Failure to thrive in elderly persons is defined by The Institute of Medicine as weight loss of more than 5%, decreased appetite ... encoded search term (Failure to Thrive in Elderly Adults) and Failure to Thrive in Elderly Adults What to Read Next on Medscape ... congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal failure) can lead to failure to thrive. ...
He was diagnosed with "failure to thrive.". When the boy was three months old, his parents found the Mothers Milk Bank - a ... illnesses or need human milk to thrive. To donate or find out how to receive milk, contact 303.869.1888 or www.milkbankcolorado ...
Physicians should recognize the diagnosis of failure to thrive as a key decision point in the care of an elderly person. The ... A medication review should ensure that side effects or drug interactions are not a contributing factor to failure to thrive. ... Interventions should be directed toward easily treatable causes of failure to thrive, with the goal of maintaining or improving ... Four syndromes are prevalent and predictive of adverse outcomes in patients with failure to thrive: impaired physical function ...
Failure to thrive? Discussion in Raising Baby Chicks started by hgood, Jul 17, 2016. ... This birds symptoms are consistent with some forms of Mareks disease, especially failure to thrive or grow. Does that mean he ...
This is the story about my first child who was failure to thrive. He slowly lost weight until he was anorexic thin at 2nd ... Why is my child failure to thrive and what to do about it?. Why is my child failure to thrive? After seeing the paediatrician ... My Childs Failure to Thrive. When my baby was born we ended up having antibiotics, pethidine and oxytocinin. He was a very ... What caused my sons failure to thrive?. Leaky Gut & Food Intolerances. I think that I probably had some leaky gut issues before ...
Failure to thrive occurs when a child is either not receiving enough calories or is unable to properly use the calories that ... Failure to thrive (FTT) is a term that is traditionally used for children who have failed to develop and grow normally. ... are given, resulting in failure to grow or gain weight. ... What is Failure to Thrive (FTT)?. Failure to thrive (FTT) is a ... Failure to Thrive In Infants Failure to Thrive (FTT) describes an infant or child who does not gain weight at the expected rate ...
About Failure to Thrive. Although its been recognized for more than a century, failure to thrive lacks a clear definition, in ... Does My Child Have Failure to Thrive?. If youre worried that your child is failing to thrive, remember that many things can ... When this happens, its called "failure to thrive.". Doctors say children "fail to thrive" when they dont gain weight as ... Failure to Thrive. Article Translations: (Spanish). Most kids steadily gain weight and grow quickly within the first few years ...
Failure to thrive is a common presenting problem in the pediatric population. Failure to thrive is very prevalent in the United ... Failure to thrive is not a disease, but a sign of inadequate nutrition. In veterinary medicine it is also referred to as ill- ... The term "failure to thrive" has been used vaguely and in different contexts to refer to different issues in pediatric growth. ... Failure to thrive typically presents before two years of age, when growth rates are highest. Parents may express concern about ...
While failure to thrive can be caused by physical, economical, psychological and social factors, in most cases, FTT can be ... What "Failure To Thrive" Actually Is - & Why You Shouldnt Worry. by Kimberly Zapata Aug 16, 2019 at 8:00 am EDT ... That said, hearing the term "failure to thrive" can be jarring. My baby boy was just a few days old when I learned there may be ... It is also important to know that while failure to thrive can be a symptom of a bigger issue - doctors should rule out abuse ...
fast and loose overview of causes for failure to thrive or FTT. This is when an infants weight is concerningly low for their ... Search Help in Finding Failure to thrive ddx - Online Quiz Version. *Failure to thrive ddx online quiz ... This is an online quiz called Failure to thrive ddx. There is a printable worksheet available for download here so you can take ... fast and loose overview of causes for "failure to thrive" or FTT. This is when an infants weight is concerningly low for their ...
Coincidentally, the term failure to thrive has come up several times from various sources in the past few days. And, going ... The great contrast of abundant life to one of failure to thrive struck me. How are we as the church contributing to our worlds ... Will we choose the abundant life Jesus offers, or will we continue our failure to thrive behaviors? Will we reach out to others ... During my graduate studies in gerontology, I did some research and wrote a few papers on "failure to thrive in the elderly." ...
Firstly, failure to provide appropriate treatment for co … ... Geriatric failure to thrive (GFTT) is a syndrome associated ... The role of medications in geriatric failure to thrive Drugs Aging. 1996 Oct;9(4):221-5. doi: 10.2165/00002512-199609040-00001 ... Geriatric failure to thrive (GFTT) is a syndrome associated with functional decline, depression and malnutrition. Adverse drug ... Firstly, failure to provide appropriate treatment for conditions such as anaemia, depression, nutritional deficiencies and pain ...
What is failure to thrive?. Failure to thrive is defined as decelerated or arrested physical growth (height and weight ... How is failure to thrive diagnosed?. Failure to thrive is usually discovered and diagnosed by the infants physician. Infants ... Treatment for failure to thrive. Specific treatment for failure to thrive will be determined by your childs physician based on ... Organic failure to thrive occurs when there is an underlying medical cause. Nonorganic (psychosocial) failure (NOFTT) to thrive ...
Failure to thrive. Definition. Failure to thrive refers to children whose current weight or rate of weight gain is much lower ... Regular checkups can help detect failure to thrive in children.. References. McLean HS, Price DT. Failure to thrive. In: ... Growth failure; FTT; Feeding disorder; Poor feeding. Causes. Failure to thrive may be caused by medical problems or factors in ... Children who fail to thrive do not grow and develop normally as compared to children of the same age. They seem to be much ...
Over a period of time that varies according to the age of the child. In general, the younger the child, the shorter the interval where there is little or no weight gain ...
... five of whom had had severe failure to thrive when last measured (thrive index ,−2.0). A further 31 (34%) controls had only one ... Failure to thrive is a common problem in primary care and paediatric practice. It usually results from a range and combination ... The severity of failure to thrive found in this cohort was similar to previous population studies, as was the tendency to ... However, it represents a rare example both of a trial of any treatment in failure to thrive and of the effectiveness of any ...
Failure to thrive has many possible causes, such as lack of nutrients and calories or an inability to absorb enough nutrients ... What is failure to thrive (FTT)? Failure to thrive (FTT) is slow physical development in a baby or child. Its caused by a baby ... What causes failure to thrive? Failure to thrive has many possible causes. In some cases, more than one thing may cause it. ... Key Points about Failure to Thrive (Poor Growth) *Failure to thrive (FTT) is slow physical development in a baby or child. It ...
  • In general, kids who fail to thrive are not getting enough calories to grow and gain weight in a healthy way. (kidshealth.org)
  • Treating kids who fail to thrive involves making sure they get the calories needed to grow. (kidshealth.org)
  • Doctors say children "fail to thrive" when they don't gain weight as expected. (kidshealth.org)
  • In general, kids who fail to thrive don't receive or cannot take in, keep, or use the calories that would help them grow and gain enough weight. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most babies double their birth weight by 4 months and triple it by age 1, but kids who fail to thrive usually don't meet those milestones. (kidshealth.org)
  • Children who fail to thrive do not grow and develop normally as compared to children of the same age. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If the teenager stagnates, they could "fail to thrive" and die spiritually. (yfc.net)
  • kidshealth.org reports, "Kids who fail to thrive don't receive or are unable to take in, retain, or utilize the calories needed to gain weight and grow as expected. (hubpages.com)
  • Some children will even fail to thrive in the face of adequate calorie absorption simply from extreme neglect. (drgreene.com)
  • Even if these children are being well nourished, they often fail to thrive, simply because they lack personal care. (drgreene.com)
  • And we begin to fail to thrive. (desirestreet.org)
  • The previously used dichotomy of nonorganic (environmentally related) and organic growth failure is the result of either inadequate calorie absorption, excessive calorie expenditure or inadequate intake of calories. (medscape.com)
  • Failure to thrive is not a disease, but a sign of inadequate nutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often, inadequate nutrition or undernutrition is the cause behind an infant/child that has been labeled as failure to thrive. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Having said that, "failure to thrive" (inadequate weight gain) in children, is something that we take very seriously. (drpaul.com)
  • Failure to thrive in childhood is a state of undernutrition due to inadequate caloric intake, inadequate caloric absorption, or excessive caloric expenditure. (nih.gov)
  • Failure to thrive is undernutrition that can be due to inadequate intake and/or inadequate absorption of nutrients. (healthtap.com)
  • The reason for failure to thrive is inadequate nutrition. (stanfordchildrens.org)
  • Normal growth and development may be affected if a child fails to thrive for a long time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Normal growth and development may continue if the child has failed to thrive for a short time, and the cause is determined and treated. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Although the discussion of pediatric growth failure can be traced back over a century in the medical literature, the term failure to thrive (FTT) has only been used in the past several decades. (medscape.com)
  • Growth failure is now generally accepted to be overly simplistic and obsolete. (medscape.com)
  • A good working definition of growth failure related to aberrant caregiving is the failure to maintain an established pattern of growth and development that responds to the provision of adequate nutritional and emotional needs of the patient. (medscape.com)
  • Most cases of FTT are not related to neglectful caregiving, although it may be a sign of maltreatment and should be considered during an evaluation for growth failure. (medscape.com)
  • Incidence of true growth failure of children in the United States is not accurately known. (medscape.com)
  • No racial predilection is noted because growth failure related to aberrant caregiving can affect people of all races. (medscape.com)
  • Growth failure for this discussion is described in children from infancy through the toddler period. (medscape.com)
  • The term "failure to thrive" has been used vaguely and in different contexts to refer to different issues in pediatric growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Failure to thrive occurs in children whose nutritional intake is insufficient for supporting normal growth and weight gain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Failure to thrive typically presents before two years of age, when growth rates are highest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physicians often identify failure to thrive during routine office visits, when a child's growth parameters are not tracking appropriately on growth curves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many infants with failure to thrive are not identified unless careful attention is paid to plotting growth parameters at routine checkups. (aafp.org)
  • All children with failure to thrive need additional calories for catch-up growth (typically 150 percent of the caloric requirement for their expected, not actual, weight). (aafp.org)
  • Failure to thrive (FTT) is a common condition of varying etiologies that has been associated with adverse effects on later growth and cognitive development. (aafp.org)
  • Organic FTT refers to growth failure that is due to an acute or chronic medical condition that interferes with normal food intake, absorption or digestion of food, or is due to increased calorie need to keep up or help growth. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Most babies with FTT do not have a specific underlying disease or medical condition to account for their growth failure. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Most children with non-organic FTT present with growth failure in the first year of life and usually come to medical attention by 6 months of age. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Failure to thrive is defined as decelerated or arrested physical growth (height and weight measurements fall below the fifth percentile, or a downward change in growth across two major growth percentiles) and is associated with poor developmental and emotional functioning. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Nonorganic (psychosocial) failure (NOFTT) to thrive occurs in a child who is usually younger than 2 years old and has no known medical condition that causes poor growth. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • In failure to thrive, health visitor intervention, with limited specialist support, can significantly improve growth compared with conventional management. (bmj.com)
  • There are many definitions for failure to thrive using a variety of growth indices, and none of them are perfect. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Note the asymmetric faltering of growth failure due to undernutrition. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • When evaluating apparent growth failure, it is important to consider other factors such as whether or not the growth faltering is symmetric or asymmetric. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • A careful review of serial growth measurements plotted on an age-appropriate growth chart may suggest one of the above conditions as a cause of failure to thrive (See Figure 1 , Figure 2 , and Figure 3 ). (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The diagnosis of failure to thrive/undernutrition is suspected and later confirmed by evaluating growth indices. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • A simplistic but very useful way to look at growth failure is to consider that in order to grow, a child must take in adequate calories, absorb those calories, and use them for growth. (drgreene.com)
  • Thus, CNS tumors must be considered in any child who presents with severe, unexplained failure to thrive with preservation of linear growth rate. (aappublications.org)
  • This specific form of failure to thrive occurs in the setting of elevated growth hormone (GH), suggesting a model of acquired partial GH resistance, as well as abnormalities in other related pathways. (aappublications.org)
  • Eleven patients met criteria for diencephalic syndrome with hypothalamic neoplasms and failure to thrive in the setting of normal developmental milestones and continued age-appropriate linear growth. (aappublications.org)
  • However, for all children with failure to thrive, our goals are: to achieve "catch-up growth" and to subsequently maintain normal weight gain. (drpaul.com)
  • Many boys will show "failure to thrive" or growth delay, often falling off their birth centile on their growth chart during the first six months of life to settle out at a low growth percentile (usually less than the 10th percentile). (uhbristol.nhs.uk)
  • He tried to make his students feel comfortable with making mistakes to emphasize that failure is the starting place for growth. (edweek.org)
  • Failure to thrive" implies failure, not only of growth, but also of other aspects of a child's wellbeing. (bmj.com)
  • Over the next few years, successfully managing failure will become a necessary growth strategy for any individual, firm or collective. (haugenbok.no)
  • Failure to thrive (FTT) is a common problem that occurs when caloric intake is insufficient to maintain growth. (nih.gov)
  • Your pediatrician might diagnose your young child as failing to thrive if your child's growth still isn't as good as expected when taking into account age, gender, birth weight and parental size. (chw.org)
  • 1971). The pathogenic mechanism is hypothesized to be a failure to form a normal mother-child bond and a consequent deficit in the infant's growth. (elinewberger.com)
  • Yet, there is little direct evidence to support the hypothesized association between infant growth failure and maternal characteristics. (elinewberger.com)
  • Nonpsychiatric variations in maternal and familial characteristics which also might make the child at risk for growth failure-maternal inexperience, recent stress, parent-child separations, poverty, etc.-have not been fully examined. (elinewberger.com)
  • rather, the multifactorial causes that give rise to undernutrition and growth failure and the guises in which they appear to the clinician are emphasized. (deepdyve.com)
  • The syndrome is characterized by primary hypoparathyroidism, typical dysmorphic features and severe growth retardation.Case presentation:We encountered a 2-year-old boy with hypocalcemia, failure to thrive and macrocytic anemia. (deepdyve.com)
  • Children are diagnosed with failure to thrive, or faltering growth, when their weight or rate of weight gain is significantly below the average for their age and gender. (nestlehealthscience.com)
  • Many infants will eventually catch up naturally and reach their normal growth potential, but those that don't are considered as suffering from failure to thrive (FTT) or to have faltering growth. (nestlehealthscience.com)
  • This topic has significant implications for both premature and failure to thrive infants as well as the opposite side of the spectrum with rapid, excess infant growth leading to childhood obesity. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Failure to thrive is defined as decelerated or arrested physical growth (height and weight measurements fall below the third or fifth percentile, or a downward change in growth across two major growth percentiles) and is associated with abnormal growth and development. (stanfordchildrens.org)
  • Failure to thrive is defined as decelerated or arrested physical growth and is associated with poor developmental and emotional functioning. (beaumont.org)
  • For example, milk protein intolerance means the body can't absorb foods such as yogurt and cheese, which could lead to failure to thrive. (kidshealth.org)
  • Either extreme of parental attention (neglect or hypervigilance) can lead to failure to thrive. (aafp.org)
  • Many different medical conditions lead to failure to thrive, including chronic infections, inflammatory conditions, psychiatric conditions, and medication use. (medscape.com)
  • A brief list of specific derangements caused by medical conditions and drugs that lead to failure to thrive are discussed below. (medscape.com)
  • Many different precipitants lead to failure to thrive. (medscape.com)
  • Medical conditions that are either undiagnosed (eg, malignancy) or worsening of existing conditions (eg, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal failure) can lead to failure to thrive. (medscape.com)
  • Narcotics and benzodiazepines are another important class of medications that lead to failure to thrive by increasing somnolence or sedation. (medscape.com)
  • Any condition that causes a child to need more calories than normally expected may also lead to failure to thrive. (stanfordchildrens.org)
  • The Institute of Medicine defined failure to thrive late in life as a syndrome manifested by weight loss greater than 5 percent of baseline, decreased appetite, poor nutrition, and inactivity, often accompanied by dehydration, depressive symptoms, impaired immune function, and low cholesterol levels. (aafp.org)
  • Geriatric failure to thrive (GFTT) is a syndrome associated with functional decline, depression and malnutrition. (nih.gov)
  • Diencephalic syndrome is a rare but potentially lethal cause of failure to thrive in infants and young children. (aappublications.org)
  • Submit your Twitter account related to Cataract, Microcephaly, Failure To Thrive, Kyphoscoliosis Syndrome to be featured! (novusbio.com)
  • Submit your blog on Cataract, Microcephaly, Failure To Thrive, Kyphoscoliosis Syndrome to be featured! (novusbio.com)
  • The study of Cataract, Microcephaly, Failure To Thrive, Kyphoscoliosis Syndrome has been mentioned in research publications which can be found using our bioinformatics tool below. (novusbio.com)
  • Cataract, Microcephaly, Failure To Thrive, Kyphoscoliosis Syndrome has been researched in relation to the Pathogenesis Pathway. (novusbio.com)
  • The syndrome "failure to thrive" (FTT) is used to describe infants and children who fall below the third percentile in height and weight when no organic basis for this deviance is found. (elinewberger.com)
  • Hormonal and metabolic defects in a Prader-Willi syndrome mouse model with neonatal failure to thrive. (fpwr.org)
  • Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) has a biphasic clinical phenotype with failure to thrive in the neonatal period followed by hyperphagia and severe obesity commencing in childhood among other endocrinological and neurobehavioral abnormalities. (fpwr.org)
  • To address this hypothesis and better characterize the neonatal failure to thrive phenotype during postnatal life, we studied a transgenic deletion PWS (TgPWS) mouse model that shares similarities with the first stage of the human syndrome. (fpwr.org)
  • An attempt to tackle this issue was made previously, 2 when three different anthropometric methods for categorising undernutrition in childhood were applied to children with failure to thrive. (bmj.com)
  • Failure to Thrive and Pediatric Undernutrition: A Transdisciplinary Approach 1999-10-01 00:00:00 The editors of this book have assembled 37 chapters by different authors to detail the underlying causes and effects of failure to thrive and pediatric undernutrition, which they regard as identical. (deepdyve.com)
  • Although large scale institutionalization has ceased in the more affluent nations, failure to thrive is still used to used to describe the infant or child that does not appear to be growing appropriately. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • An infant with abnormal gut flora can thrive on breast milk. (gaps.me)
  • Failure to thrive due to gastrointestinal causes is a condition in which an infant or child does not gain weight and/or grow in height as expected due to a disease, disorder, or condition of the gastrointestinal system. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • It was difficult to treat the patient's hyperphosphatemia and we ultimately selected sevelamer treatment, which was tolerated well and improved his hypocalcemia.Conclusions:SSS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any infant with hypocalcemia, dysmorphism and failure to thrive. (deepdyve.com)
  • Although, breast milk is touted as the superior nutritive fluid for complete infant nutrition, there are limited situations where formula is recommended in tandem or in replacement of breastmilk such as in cases of prematurity, failure to thrive, maternal drug use, or maternal HIV infection [ 1 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • An 8-day-old, formula-feeding male infant was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for failure to thrive (down ∼12% from birthweight). (aappublications.org)
  • After multiple outpatient visits and close monitoring of weight trajectory, the infant was admitted for further evaluation of failure to thrive. (aappublications.org)
  • A thorough history is the best guide to establishing the etiology of the failure to thrive and directing further evaluation and management. (aafp.org)
  • The significance of ecological stress factors in the etiology of failure to thrive (FTT) was explored through structured interviews with mothers of 42 infants who were failing to thrive and 42 matched controls. (elinewberger.com)
  • Physicians should recognize the diagnosis of failure to thrive as a key decision point in the care of an elderly person. (aafp.org)
  • One of the problems with the general diagnosis of failure to thrive is it's a description rather than a diagnosis," Watterberg​ said. (sheknows.com)
  • I'm hoping to hear something, anything, from those of you who had babies with reflux who were breastfed and received the additional diagnosis of Failure to Thrive. (reflux.org)
  • This bird's symptoms are consistent with some forms of Mareks disease, especially failure to thrive or grow. (backyardchickens.com)
  • What are the symptoms of failure to thrive? (stlouischildrens.org)
  • The symptoms of failure to thrive may resemble other conditions or medical problems. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • The symptoms of failure to thrive can be like other health conditions. (childrensnational.org)
  • Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Failure to thrive, as listed in our database. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • If the child is experiencing other symptoms, that could point to another underlying cause for your child's failure to gain weight. (chw.org)
  • The Geriatric Depression Scale and the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia are useful tools for assessing this dynamic in patients with failure to thrive. (aafp.org)
  • Geriatric failure to thrive (GFTT) poses a complex clinical issue in gerontological nursing practice. (healio.com)
  • Failure to thrive (FTT) indicates insufficient weight gain or inappropriate weight loss in pediatric patients unless the term is more precisely defined. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of children in a pediatric gastroenterology clinic with FTT have nonorganic etiologies of their failure to thrive. (nih.gov)
  • 3 Although the term "failure to thrive" sounds extremely daunting, FTT is a common problem, accounting for One to five percent of pediatric hospital admissions in children less than two years of age. (nestlehealthscience.com)
  • About 1% of all children admitted to any hospital and 3 to 5% of all children admitted to a Children's Hospital have failure to thrive. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • The Nutrition Care Program at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin specializes in the care of children with nutritional disorders that range from failure to thrive to feeding disorders to intestinal failure. (chw.org)
  • The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Failure to thrive. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • To be useful, the concept of thriving must integrate physical, functional, and psychosocial aspects. (healio.com)
  • Historically, the term "failure to thrive" was used to describe institutionalized infants suffering from a possible combination of infection, nutritional deficiency, and psychosocial neglect. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • When Developmental Delay and Failure to Thrive Are Not Psychosocial. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Malnutrition is the key pathophysiologic component of failure to thrive in elderly persons. (medscape.com)
  • Four syndromes are prevalent and predictive of adverse outcomes in patients with failure to thrive: impaired physical function, malnutrition, depression, and cognitive impairment. (aafp.org)
  • As a result, a whole cohort of institutionalized infants experienced failure to thrive, severe malnutrition, and some even died. (vaumc.org)
  • This can lead to short- or long-term failure to thrive. (kidshealth.org)
  • That said, hearing the term "failure to thrive" can be jarring. (sheknows.com)
  • Coincidentally, the term failure to thrive has come up several times from various sources in the past few days. (vaumc.org)
  • The term "failure to thrive" is usually used only with underweight babies and toddlers, but older children can also experience poor weight gain or sudden weight loss. (chw.org)
  • Problems with breastfeeding or starting solids also can cause failure to thrive. (kidshealth.org)
  • Many things can cause failure to thrive, including illnesses and eating problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • Problems with breastfeeding or transitioning to solids also can cause failure to thrive. (kidshealth.org)
  • Hospitalization is rarely required and is indicated only for severe failure to thrive and for those whose safety is a concern. (aafp.org)
  • A multidisciplinary approach is recommended when failure to thrive persists despite intervention or when it is severe. (aafp.org)
  • Although he wasn't severe enough to be considered "failure to thrive," he was on the cusp. (desirestreet.org)
  • This fall-off may be particularly severe if they are unwell with heart failure or significant bacterial infections. (uhbristol.nhs.uk)
  • In severe cases, neglect or abuse may be associated with failure to thrive if food is purposely withheld from a baby. (stanfordchildrens.org)
  • Children may have failure to thrive if they weigh less than most kids their age or aren't gaining weight as quickly as they should. (kidshealth.org)
  • Failure to thrive refers to children whose current weight or rate of weight gain is much lower than that of other children of similar age and sex. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Regular checkups can help detect failure to thrive in children. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Failure to thrive is a term used to describe a child who seems to be gaining weight or height more slowly than other children of his or her age and sex. (cigna.com)
  • Some children do not thrive as expected because they do not get enough to eat or they have emotional problems. (cigna.com)
  • Failure to thrive (FTT) is a term that is traditionally used for children who have failed to develop and grow normally. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Some children develop failure to thrive because of an underlying medical condition. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • according to a study published in the American Family Physician , 10 percent of American children will be diagnosed with failure to thrive. (sheknows.com)
  • To evaluate the effectiveness of a health visitor led intervention for failure to thrive in children under 2 years old. (bmj.com)
  • 229 children (120 in intervention practices and 109 in control practices) were identified as failing to thrive by population screening during the first 2 years of life. (bmj.com)
  • Health visitors provide universal support and surveillance for families with preschool children, and are usually the first to identify children failing to thrive. (bmj.com)
  • The computer identified children as failing to thrive if the second weight standard deviation score (SDS 2 ) showed a fall from the baseline weight (SDS 1 ) at 6 weeks, after adjustment for regression to the mean using the thrive index method (defined as SDS 2 −SDS 1 × 0.65). (bmj.com)
  • This remained true even when the analysis was restricted to children who turned out to have nothing else wrong, as evidenced by both an admission and discharge diagnoses of failure to thrive. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
  • What is failure to thrive in children? (ahealthyme.com)
  • Which children are at risk for failure to thrive? (ahealthyme.com)
  • METHODS The five anthropometric methods were compared in 83 children with failure to thrive. (bmj.com)
  • Identification of failure to thrive and an assessment of the severity of the nutritional state is important to identify children at risk, and to provide appropriate intervention. (bmj.com)
  • We determined to take this work further by relating five anthropometric measures with data we had on the developmental, dietary, and behavioural characteristics of children with failure to thrive. (bmj.com)
  • We received data on children enrolled in a randomised controlled trial of health visitor intervention in failure to thrive, 3 calculating anthropometric indices for all children using five methods as shown in table 1 . (bmj.com)
  • Classification of children with failure to thrive according to five different indices. (bmj.com)
  • Failure to thrive (FTT) is a common symptom leading to hospitalization of children. (nih.gov)
  • Management of Children With Failure to Thrive in a Rural Ambulatory Setting. (nih.gov)
  • Most children who are failing to thrive are diagnosed by age 3. (chw.org)
  • A study of 177 low-income children (ages 3-30 months) investigated the relationship among neglect, failure to thrive (FTT), and cognitive functioning. (ed.gov)
  • Infants and children who show failure to thrive (FTT) will need 150% of the recommended daily caloric intake for their expected (not actual) weight. (nestlehealthscience.com)
  • In toddlers and older children with failure to thrive (FTT), fruit juice should be limited to between six and twelve ounces. (nestlehealthscience.com)
  • Failure to thrive (FTT), is one of three major clinical features of CD during childhood. (sid.ir)
  • At 20 days of life, the patient presented with a clinical picture of failure to thrive and significant abdominal distension (figure 1). (bmj.com)
  • Most cases of failure to thrive in infants can be solved by carefully addressing these questions. (drgreene.com)
  • In all cases of failure to thrive, review the New York State Newborn Screening Program test results. (childabusemd.com)
  • Each of these conditions effect different organs and produce different types of physical, mental, nutritional and metabolic derangements leading to the manifestations of failure to thrive. (medscape.com)
  • Firstly, failure to provide appropriate treatment for conditions such as anaemia, depression, nutritional deficiencies and pain may precipitate GFTT. (nih.gov)
  • In medicine and nursing, failure to thrive may describe weight loss, immune system changes, or challenging nutritional issues. (healio.com)
  • Hospital admission is often useful in assisting in the diagnosis of nutritional failure to thrive. (childabusemd.com)
  • FTT occurs when a child is either not receiving adequate calories or is unable to properly use the calories that are given, resulting in failure to grow or gain weight over a period of time. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Organic failure to thrive occurs when there is an underlying medical cause. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • We at Desire Street have witnessed this phenomenon with so many leaders, and have all experienced a time ourselves, when a "failure to thrive" occurs. (desirestreet.org)
  • What we can do is encourage a leader when this moment occurs, and help them move from "failure to thrive" to "stability", and eventually "thriving", by helping them open their eyes, and discern the message that God is delivering to them . (desirestreet.org)
  • In elderly patients, failure to thrive describes a state of decline that is multifactorial and may be caused by chronic concurrent diseases and functional impairments. (aafp.org)
  • 3 , 4 In elderly patients, failure to thrive is associated with increased infection rates, diminished cell-mediated immunity, hip fractures, decubitus ulcers, and increased surgical mortality rates. (aafp.org)
  • 6 , 7 , 8 One study found that the in-hospital mortality rate in patients with failure to thrive was 15.9 percent. (aafp.org)
  • All patients had initially been brought to medical attention for failure to gain weight appropriately and were subsequently found to have CNS tumors. (aappublications.org)
  • Failure to thrive is the term used to describe the condition in which a young child fails to gain weight satisfactorily. (britannica.com)
  • Failure to thrive as distinct from child neglect. (medscape.com)
  • Failure to thrive as a manifestation of child neglect. (medscape.com)
  • Failure to thrive may point to caregiver depression or another mental health problem that makes it hard for the caregiver to interpret or respond to the child's needs. (cigna.com)
  • If your child's failure to thrive is caused by a medical condition, your doctor may be able to treat the condition. (cigna.com)
  • Your child may be able to develop at a normal rate if the period of failure to thrive has been short. (cigna.com)
  • Your child does not begin to thrive as expected. (cigna.com)
  • Why is my child failure to thrive and what to do about it? (hubpages.com)
  • Failure to thrive (FTT) is slow physical development in a baby or child. (childrensnational.org)
  • A child with failure to thrive is at risk for problems such as short height, behavior problems and developmental delays. (childrensnational.org)
  • Failure to Thrive in a Child-What's the Cause? (studentdoctor.net)
  • A child is failing to thrive when she is not growing at the expected rate for her age, or if her weight is disproportionately low compared to her height and head circumference. (drgreene.com)
  • How is failure to thrive diagnosed in a child? (ahealthyme.com)
  • My child is the same age, also 20 pounds (9 kg) and less than 33 inches (80 cms) given the label "failure to thrive", still breastfeeds and trying to get her to eat anything is as difficult as you say. (celiac.com)
  • 1947), made the logical connection and hypothesized that failure to thrive resulted primarily from a maternally induced failure of mother-child bond formation. (elinewberger.com)
  • It is also important to know that while failure to thrive can be a symptom of a bigger issue - doctors should rule out abuse and neglect and parents should work closely with their family physician to identify the underlying cause - in most instances, FTT is scarier than it sounds. (sheknows.com)
  • Although it's been recognized for more than a century, failure to thrive lacks a clear definition, in part because it's not a disease or disorder itself. (kidshealth.org)
  • The Cumulative Effect of Neglect and Failure to Thrive on Cognitive Functioning. (ed.gov)
  • To what extent is failure to thrive in infancy associated with poorer cognitive development? (semanticscholar.org)
  • BACKGROUND Previous empirical studies of the cognitive sequelae of failure to thrive in infancy have led to apparently inconsistent conclusions. (semanticscholar.org)
  • METHODS Studies of cognitive abilities in failure to thrive were located through published bibliographies, supplemented by a search through MEDLINE. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Infants born into families with psychological, social, or economic problems are more at risk of developing nonorganic failure to thrive. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Interventions should be directed toward easily treatable causes of failure to thrive, with the goal of maintaining or improving overall functional status. (aafp.org)
  • Failure to thrive in elderly persons is defined by The Institute of Medicine as weight loss of more than 5%, decreased appetite, poor nutrition, and physical inactivity, often associated with dehydration , depression , immune dysfunction, and low cholesterol. (medscape.com)
  • During my graduate studies in gerontology, I did some research and wrote a few papers on "failure to thrive in the elderly. (vaumc.org)
  • Any such measure should ideally correlate with problems commonly associated with failure to thrive, namely developmental delay, poor diet, and eating difficulties. (bmj.com)
  • The blue bars (and the left Y axis) are the average cost of a failure to thrive hospitalization by admission day. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
  • A 15 month old boy born of non consanguineous marriage presented with recurrent diarrhea and failure to thrive since 1 month of age. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Given these recurrent abscesses, with associated failure to thrive and constipation, further investigations were arranged. (bmj.com)
  • The treatment of failure to thrive focuses on treating any associated condition (if any) and ensuring adequate caloric intake including any necessary vitamin/mineral supplementation. (drpaul.com)
  • We hypothesize that a fetal developmental abnormality in PWS leads to the neonatal phenotype, whereas the adult phenotype results from a failure in compensatory mechanisms. (fpwr.org)
  • It is most commonly used to describe a failure to gain weight, but some providers have also used it to describe a failure to grow, or a failure to grow and to gain weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Failure to thrive is a condition commonly seen by primary care physicians. (aafp.org)
  • He was likely struggling with a condition commonly referred to as "failure to thrive" (FTT). (sheknows.com)
  • More commonly, weight is used to define failure to thrive although length/height is also important. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • 2 The prevalence of failure to thrive increases with age and is associated with increased costs of medical care and high morbidity and mortality rates. (aafp.org)
  • Failure to thrive is not a disease or disorder itself. (kidshealth.org)
  • 9 Failure to thrive should not be considered a normal consequence of aging, a synonym for dementia, the inevitable result of a chronic disease, or a descriptor of the later stages of a terminal disease. (aafp.org)
  • Failure to thrive may be caused by medical problems or factors in the child's environment, such as abuse or neglect. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sometimes a mix of medical problems and environmental factors leads to failure to thrive. (kidshealth.org)
  • There are many medical causes of failure to thrive. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Medical and social factors often contribute to failure to thrive. (aafp.org)
  • Failure to thrive can be caused by medical conditions, such as anemia or thyroid problems. (cigna.com)
  • Organic failure to thrive is caused by medical complications of premature birth or other medical illnesses that interfere with feeding and normal bonding activities between parents and infants. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Previously, failure to thrive was categorized as either organic (underlying medical condition) or non-organic (no known medical condition). (stanfordchildrens.org)
  • A baby who has failed to thrive may seem slow to develop physical skills, such as rolling over, standing, and walking. (cigna.com)
  • Dementia can lead to several factors that result in failure to thrive, such as poor food intake, social isolation, and depression. (medscape.com)
  • See detailed information below for a list of 955 causes of Failure to thrive , Symptom Checker , including diseases and drug side effect causes. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • Various terms have been used to describe this decline in vitality, the most encompassing of which is failure to thrive. (aafp.org)
  • The diagnoses failure to thrive usually follows. (gaps.me)
  • The milk is sent to 120 hospitals in 24 states supplying milk to babies across the country that have allergies to formula, illnesses or need human milk to thrive. (denverpost.com)
  • Nineteen years ago, Deion was born prematurely and developed eosinophilic esophagitis and acid reflux, along with failure to thrive. (childrensnational.org)
  • If anyone can share their experience with Failure to Thrive and reflux, I would sure appreciate hearing it. (reflux.org)
  • For example, too much fruit juice, problems breastfeeding, or failure to introduce solids at an appropriate age may lead to too little calories being consumed. (stanfordchildrens.org)
  • There are no routine laboratory studies used in the evaluation of failure to thrive. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • How many of us are failing to thrive and are malnourished spiritually? (vaumc.org)