Anthelmintics: Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.Haemonchus: A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.Nematode Infections: Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.Pyrantel: A depolarizing neuromuscular-blocking agent, that causes persistent nicotinic activation resulting in spastic paralysis of susceptible nematodes. It is a drug of second-choice after benzimidazoles for treatment of ascariasis, hookworm, and pinworm infections, being effective after a single dose. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p920)Parasite Egg Count: Determination of parasite eggs in feces.Strongylida: An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Characteristics include an H-shaped excretory system with two subventral glands.Antinematodal Agents: Substances used in the treatment or control of nematode infestations. They are used also in veterinary practice.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Haemonchiasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Nematoda: A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Ostertagia: A genus of parasitic nematodes occurring in the stomach of ruminants.Trichostrongyloidea: A superfamily of nematodes. Most are intestinal parasites of ruminants and accidentally in humans. This superfamily includes seven genera: DICTYOCAULUS; HAEMONCHUS; Cooperia, OSTERTAGIA; Nematodirus, TRICHOSTRONGYLUS; and Hyostrongylus.Ivermectin: A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.Fenbendazole: Antinematodal benzimidazole used in veterinary medicine.Strongyloidea: A superfamily of strongyles or roundworms which are parasites in the intestinal tract of equines, pigs, rodents, and primates (including man). It includes the genera Cyasthostomum, Ransomus, Globocephalus, OESOPHAGOSTOMUM, and STRONGYLUS.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Hookworm Infections: Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.Ascaridia: A genus of nematode worms in the superfamily Heterakoidea. A. galli and A. lineata are important intestinal parasites of domestic fowl.Albendazole: A benzimidazole broad-spectrum anthelmintic structurally related to MEBENDAZOLE that is effective against many diseases. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p38)Mebendazole: A benzimidazole that acts by interfering with CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM and inhibiting polymerization of MICROTUBULES.Levamisole: An antihelminthic drug that has been tried experimentally in rheumatic disorders where it apparently restores the immune response by increasing macrophage chemotaxis and T-lymphocyte function. Paradoxically, this immune enhancement appears to be beneficial in rheumatoid arthritis where dermatitis, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia, and nausea and vomiting have been reported as side effects. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p435-6)Trichostrongylus: A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the digestive tract of herbivorous animals. They cause incidental infections in humans from the following species: Trichostrongylus colubriformis, T. orientalis, T. axei, and T. probolurus.Helminths: Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.Helminthiasis: Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.Ascariasis: Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Trichuriasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus TRICHURIS, formerly called Trichocephalus.Bephenium Compounds: Analogs or derivatives of bephenium (N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-phenoxyethyl)benzenemethanaminium).Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Ascaris suum: A species of parasitic nematode usually found in domestic pigs and a few other animals. Human infection can also occur, presumably as result of handling pig manure, and can lead to intestinal obstruction.Ascaris lumbricoides: A species of parasitic nematode that is the largest found in the human intestine. Its distribution is worldwide, but it is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation. Human infection with A. lumbricoides is acquired by swallowing fully embryonated eggs from contaminated soil.Morantel: Antinematodal agent used mainly for livestock.Ancylostomatoidea: A superfamily of nematode parasitic hookworms consisting of four genera: ANCYLOSTOMA; NECATOR; Bunostomum; and Uncinaria. ANCYLOSTOMA and NECATOR occur in humans and other mammals. Bunostomum is common in ruminants and Uncinaria in wolves, foxes, and dogs.Cestoda: A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.Ancylostoma: A genus of nematode intestinal parasites that consists of several species. A. duodenale is the common hookworm in humans. A. braziliense, A. ceylonicum, and A. caninum occur primarily in cats and dogs, but all have been known to occur in humans.Trichuris: A genus of nematode worms comprising the whipworms.Trichostrongylosis: Infestation with nematode worms of the genus TRICHOSTRONGYLUS. Man and animals become infected by swallowing larvae, usually with contaminated food or drink, although the larvae may penetrate human skin.Strongyle Infections, Equine: Infection of horses with parasitic nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA. Characteristics include the development of hemorrhagic nodules on the abdominal peritoneum.Praziquantel: An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.Pyrantel Pamoate: Broad spectrum antinematodal anthelmintic used also in veterinary medicine.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Salicylanilides: 2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.Ancylostomiasis: Infection of humans or animals with hookworms of the genus ANCYLOSTOMA. Characteristics include anemia, dyspepsia, eosinophilia, and abdominal swelling.Drug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.Aminoacetonitrile: Cyanomethylamine.Ascaridida Infections: Infections with nematodes of the order ASCARIDIDA.Teucrium: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain teuscordonin. There have been reports of hepatoxicity by this genus.Agave: A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.Cestode Infections: Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.Strongylida Infections: Infections with nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA.Ascaridoidea: A superfamily of polymyarian nematode worms. An important characteristic of this group is the presence of three prominent lips around the mouth of the organism.Egg Yolk: Cytoplasm stored in an egg that contains nutritional reserves for the developing embryo. It is rich in polysaccharides, lipids, and proteins.Annona: A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. It has edible fruit and seeds which contain acetogenins and benzoquinazoline and other alkaloids.Metastrongyloidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA. Characteristics include a fluid-filled outer layer of cuticle and a reduced mouth and bursa.Parasitic Sensitivity Tests: Tests that demonstrate the relative effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents against specific parasites.Pyrvinium CompoundsOvum: A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.Flacourtiaceae: The Indian plum plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae class Magnoliopsida, that are tropical and subtropical trees and shrubs.Achillea: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating wounds.Benzimidazoles: Compounds with a BENZENE fused to IMIDAZOLES.Heligmosomatoidea: A superfamily of parasitic nematodes which were formerly considered a part of TRICHOSTRONGYLOIDEA. It includes the following genera: Heligmosomum, NEMATOSPIROIDES, and NIPPOSTRONGYLUS. The hosts are rodents.Trichostrongyloidiasis: Infection by roundworms of the superfamily TRICHOSTRONGYLOIDEA, including the genera TRICHOSTRONGYLUS; OSTERTAGIA; Cooperia, HAEMONCHUS; Nematodirus, Hyostrongylus, and DICTYOCAULUS.Strongyloides: A genus of parasitic nematodes widely distributed as intestinal parasites of mammals.Oesophagostomum: A genus of nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA, parasitic in the intestines of animals. The adults are usually free in the intestinal lumen; the larvae encyst in the wall.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Ericaceae: The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.Anticestodal Agents: Agents used to treat tapeworm infestations in man or animals.Loganiaceae: A plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. They have leaflike appendages at the base of the leafstalks, have terminal flower clusters. Petals have four or five overlapping lobes and the fruit is a capsule containing winged or wingless seeds.Ostertagiasis: A disease of herbivorous mammals, particularly cattle and sheep, caused by stomach worms of the genus OSTERTAGIA.Hymenolepiasis: Infection with tapeworms of the genus Hymenolepis.Depsipeptides: Compounds consisting of chains of AMINO ACIDS alternating with CARBOXYLIC ACIDS via ester and amide linkages. They are commonly cyclized.Niclosamide: An antihelmintic that is active against most tapeworms. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p48)Cymbopogon: A plant genus of the family POACEAE which is a source of citronella oil and lemongrass oil.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Combretaceae: A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly trees and shrubs growing in warm areas.Verbascum: A plant genus of the family SCROPHULARIACEAE.Melia azedarach: A plant species of the genus MELIA, family MELIACEAE, which is toxic to insects. The name is very similar to Melia azadirachta (AZADIRACHTA).Ascaris: A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA whose species usually inhabit the intestine.Egg Proteins: Proteins which are found in eggs (OVA) from any species.Thiabendazole: 2-Substituted benzimidazole first introduced in 1962. It is active against a variety of nematodes and is the drug of choice for STRONGYLOIDIASIS. It has CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM side effects and hepatototoxic potential. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p919)Macrolides: A group of often glycosylated macrocyclic compounds formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES cyclized into a large (typically 12, 14, or 16)-membered lactone. Macrolides belong to the POLYKETIDES class of natural products, and many members exhibit ANTIBIOTIC properties.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Play media Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. They may also be called vermifuges (those that stun) or vermicides (those that kill). Anthelmintics are used to treat people who are infected by helminths, a condition called helminthiasis. These drugs are also used to treat infected animals. Pills containing anthelmintics are used in mass deworming campaigns of school-aged children in many developing countries. For example, the treatment of choice for soil-transmitted helminths is mebendazole and albendazole and praziquantel for schistosomiasis. Antiparasitics that specifically target Ascaris worms are called ascaricides. Benzimidazoles: Albendazole - effective against threadworms, roundworms, whipworms, tapeworms, hookworms Mebendazole - effective against ...
... is a human parasitic disease caused by the nematode called Strongyloides stercoralis, or sometimes S. fülleborni which is a type of helminth. It belongs to a group of nematodes called roundworms. This intestinal worm can cause a number of symptoms in people, principally skin symptoms, abdominal pain, diarrhea and weight loss. In some people, particularly those who require corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medication, Strongyloides can cause a hyperinfection syndrome that can lead to death if untreated. The diagnosis is made by blood and stool tests. The medication ivermectin is widely used to treat strongyloidiasis. Strongyloidiasis is a type of soil-transmitted helminthiasis. It is thought to affect 30-100 million people worldwide, mainly in tropical and subtropical countries. It belongs to the group of neglected tropical diseases, and worldwide efforts are aimed at eradicating the infection. Strongyloides infection occurs in five forms. On acquiring ...
... (sometimes known as worming, drenching or "dehelmintization") is the giving of an anthelmintic drug (a wormer, dewormer, or drench) to a human or animal to rid them of helminths parasites, such as roundworm, flukes and tapeworm. Purge dewormers for use in livestock can be formulated as a feed supplement that is eaten, a paste or gel that is deposited at the back of the animal's mouth, a liquid drench given orally, an injectable, or as a pour-on which can be applied to the animal's topline. In dogs and cats, purge dewormers come in many forms including a granular form to be added to food, pill form, chew tablets, and liquid suspensions. ...
As a plant that is reported to be both poisonous for human ingestion and also medicinal; much of the contradiction can be found by closely reviewing the words that are used and the dose (amount) of the poisonous substance that is ingested to prove either claim. All species of the genus Senecio contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids (e.g., senecionine) a substance that when a human has chronic exposure can cause irreversible liver damage. Common groundsel as a medicinal herb does not seem to be recommended very often since 1931, when it was recommended as a diaphoretic, an antiscorbutic, a purgative, a diuretic and an anthelmintic, which was a demotion as it was previously suggested for the expelling of gravel of the kidneys and reins by Pedanius Dioscorides in the 70s-90s, for use as poultices by John Gerard in the late 16th century and as a cure for epilepsy by Nicholas Culpeper in the 17th century. More current information is contradictory about the dangers of the ingestion of ...
Ang Ascariasis ay isang karamdaman na dulot ng parasitiko na bulateng roundworm na Ascaris lumbricoides. Ang mga impeksiyon ay walang sintomas sa mahigit sa 85% ng mga kaso, lalong-lalo na kung napakaunti ng bilang ng mga bulate. Ang mga sintomas ay rarami sa pagdami ng mga bulate at maaaring kasama rito ang hirap sa paghinga at lagnat sa pagsisimula ng karamdaman. Maaaring sundan ang mga ito ng paglaki ng tiyan, pananakit ng tiyan at pagtatae. Ang mga bata ang pinakakaraniwang naaapektuhan nito, at sa grupo ng edad na ito, ang impeksiyon ay maaaring magdulot ng mabagal na pagtaas ng timbang, kakulangan ng nutrisyon at mga problema sa pag-aaral. Ang impeksiyon ay nagaganap sa pagkain ng mga pagkain o inumin na kontaminado ng mga itlog ng Ascaris na nanggagaling sa dumi o tae. Napipisa ang mga itlog sa mga bituka, bumubutas sa gilid ng tiyan, ay lumilipat sa mga baga sa pamamagitan ng dugo. Lumulusot ang mga ito sa alveoli at dumadaan sa trachea o daaan ng hangin mula ...
... is an online biological database about the biology and genome of the nematode model organism Caenorhabditis elegans and contains information about other related nematodes. WormBase is used by the C. elegans research community both as an information resource and as a place to publish and distribute their results. The database is regularly updated with new versions being released every two months. WormBase is one of the organizations participating in the Generic Model Organism Database (GMOD) project. WormBase comprises the following main data sets: The annotated genomes of Caenorhabditis elegans, Caenorhabditis briggsae, Caenorhabditis remanei, Caenorhabditis brenneri, Caenorhabditis angaria, Pristionchus pacificus, Haemonchus contortus, Meloidogyne hapla, Meloidogyne incognita, Brugia malayi and Onchocerca volvulus; Hand-curated annotations describing the function of ~20,500 C. elegans protein-coding genes and ~16,000 C. elegans non-coding genes; Gene families; Orthologies; Genomic ...
The conspicuous coloring of species of Plestiodon is a survival trait: it attracts a predator's attention to the tail of the animal, which will break off when grabbed. A skink thus often manages to escape and hide under some rock, log, or fallen leaves while the predator still contemplates the wildly thrashing severed tail. (This is an instance of what is called autotomy: voluntarily shedding a body part in order to escape, and later re generating the body part.) After the tail regenerates, it usually has the same color as the rest of the body and is typically shorter than the original tail. In some species, regrown tails are pinkish. A regrown tail has a cartilaginous rod for support instead of vertebrae. ...
Age, income and educational attainment are significant factors affecting voter turnout. Educational attainment is perhaps the best predictor of voter turnout, and in the 2008 election those holding advanced degrees were three times more likely to vote than those with less than high school education. Income correlated well with likelihood of voting as well, although this may be because of a correlation between income and educational attainment, rather than a direct effect of income. Age difference is associated with youth voter turnout. Berman and Johnson's (2000) argument affirms that "age is an important factor in understanding voting blocs and differences" on various issues. Young people are typically "plagued" by political apathy and thus do not have strong political opinions (The Economist, 2014). As strong political opinions may be considered one of the reasons behind voting (Munsey, 2008), political apathy among young people is arguably a predictor for low voter turnout. Pomante and ...
Eggs are passed through the feces of an infected definitive host, usually a mammalian herbivore including rabbits, sheep, cattle, and rodents. Under certain environmental conditions, which include optimal temperature and humidity, larvae hatch from eggs after several days. Hatched rhabditiform larvae grow on vegetation or within soil. After 5 to 10 days, two molts (L1 & L2) have occurred and the parasite becomes a filariform (L3) larvae that is infectious. Infection in mammals occurs upon ingestion of infective filariform (L3) larvae. The larvae reaches the small intestine to reside and mature into adult worms within their definitive hosts. Infections in humans may occur as incidental infections. Trichostrongylus consists of multiple species that relate to each of its host, when it comes to parasitic survival and infection. For example, Trichostrongylus affinis primarily infects cottontail rats, Trichostrongylus sigmodontis affects hispid cotton rat, and marsh rice ...
In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 458 votes (45.5% vs. 41.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 419 votes (49.7% vs. 54.2% countywide) and other candidates with 23 votes (2.5% vs. 3.0% countywide), among the 921 ballots cast by the borough's 1,480 registered voters for a turnout of 62.2% (vs. 73% in Bergen County). In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 522 votes (59.0% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 342 votes (38.6% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 9 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 885 ballots cast by the borough's 1,416 registered voters, for a turnout of 62.5% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 532 votes (54.0% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 434 votes (44.1% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 8 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 985 ballots cast by the borough's 1,378 registered ...
After split from IndyCar World Series, the Indy Racing League began as a pure oval race series. Alongside the prestigious Indy 500, the 1-mile oval tracks of Phoenix and Loudon were added to the schedule. In addition, the Hulman family oversaw the planning for the construction of a new track at Walt Disney World in Florida. On the new Walt Disney World Speedway the first IRL race took place in January 1996. After the series was established, ovals used mainly by NASCAR were raced on. These included the newly built racetracks in Las Vegas and Fort Worth as well as the existing speedways of Charlotte and Atlanta. After a series of major accidents at Charlotte and Atlanta and a lack of spectator turnout, however, the ovals of Atlanta, Charlotte and Las Vegas were removed from the calendar. For the 2001 season, the IRL also began to race on ovals that were being used by CART. The circuits of Homestead and Gateway changed from CART to the calendar of the IRL, with the race at Walt Disney World being ...
The Greater London Authority referendum of 1998 was a referendum held in Greater London on 7 May 1998, asking whether there was support for the creation of a Greater London Authority, composed of a directly elected Mayor of London and a London Assembly to scrutinise the Mayor's actions. Voter turnout was low, at just 34.1%. The referendum was held under the provisions of the Greater London Authority (Referendum) Act 1998. ...
The Election for the 3rd Legislative Yuan were held in Taiwan on 2 December 1995. The result was a victory for the Kuomintang, which won 85 of the 164 seats. Voter turnout was 67.6%.. ...
BROAD SPECTRUM ORAL ANTHELMINTIC FOR SHEEP Product No 82001 Product Name ZOLVIX Monepantel Broad Spectrum Oral Anthelmintic for ... In mid July 2017 routine faecal monitoring on a pooled sample from eight lambs showed a faecal strongylid egg count of 800 eggs ... In the reported case the efficacy of monepantel against small brown stomach worm and black scour worm in goats and sheep on the ... For many years in the UK this involved the frequent routine use of broad spectrum anthelmintics to suppress emodepside and ...
... the forerunner of modern broad-spectrum anthelmintics, which set a new standard in efficacy and is still widely used today. ... If anthelmintic resistance is suspected on a farm, a fecal egg count reduction test may be conducted onsite that will indicate ... Where Haemonchus is a problem in sheep or goats, animals most likely to benefit from such treatment can be identified using the ... Broad-spectrum anthelmintics currently available belong to five different chemical groups: 1) benzimidazoles (white drenches), ...
Some anthelmintics, including ivermectin (IVM), have been shown to induce transcription of multiple ABC transporters in ... transporters play a role in resistance to anthelmintics, particularly against macrocyclic lactones. ... It shows broad-spectrum anthelmintic activity, targeting larval and adult stages of the most important species of sheep GINs [1 ... The authors reported that MPL showed no efficacy in terms of egg count reduction in goats or reduction of worm burden in sheep ...
... based on body weight and nematode faecal egg counts (FEC): targeted selective treatment (TST) or suppressive treatment, both ... In the TST group, there was a rapid and progressive reduction in the efficacy of monepantel, which at the end of the experiment ... Twenty Ile de France and 20 Santa Ines lambs were allocated to two anthelmintic treatment regimens, ... these lambs were treated with anthelmintics before being allocated to their paddock and then were periodically treated with ...
Indications, Sheep, lamb, ram, ovine, ewe, ewes, wether, hogget, ruminants, herbivorres, spectrum of activity, recommended dose ... Fenbendazole is a veteran anthelmintic introduced in the 1970s (by HOECHST). It shows broad-spectrum efficacy against ... fecal egg counts) under supervision of a veterinary doctor. Such tests are now routinely available for most producers in ... Sheep & goats: Haemonchus spp, Ostertagia spp /Teladorsagia spp, Trichostrongylus spp, Nematodirus spp, Chabertia ovina. ...
... wormwood and tobacco are not effective anthelmintics in goats. Further investigation on efficacy and toxicity of copper ... After 21 days, fecal samples were collected to determine the fecal egg count. Plant extracts (200 mg kg-1 body weight) in ... Results: The infected camels did not respond favorably to several broad spectrum antibiotics. Post-mortem examination of 5 ... Treatment I was a control without anthelmintic (distilled water); treatment II received Neem leaf extracts; treatment III ...
GOATS, CATTLE and other LIVESTOCK. Occurrence, geographic distribution, incidence, prevalence, life cycle, development, habitat ... goat, ruminant, herbivores, ewe, ewes, wether, what is Avitellina, waht is avitelliniasis ... They contain either broad-spectrum active ingredients (e.g. albendazole, fenbendazole, mebendazole, oxfendazole, etc.) or ... This means that if an anthelmintic fails to achieve the expected efficacy, chance is very high that it is not due to resistance ...
feces, etc ; anthelmintics; benzimidazoles; cost effectiveness; eggs; excretion; farms; fecal egg count; gastrointestinal ... Emodepside, a marketed broad-spectrum veterinary anthelminthic with a unique mechanism of action, undergoing development for ... Faecal egg counts (FEC) and the FEC reduction test (FECRT) for assessing gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection and efficacy ... Current anthelmintic treatment is not always effective at controlling strongylid infections in German alpaca herds ...
... safety and efficacy of medicines available in Ireland and to participate in systems designed to do that throughout the European ... which is intended for broad-spectrum products only. No symbol is required for narrow spectrum anthelmintics e.g closantel. A ... may contain worms that are resistant and therefore act as a source of anthelmintic-resistant eggs which could infect the flock ... Resistance can be determined by faecal testing. This can be done either on:. *A representative sample of animals in the flock, ...
... and Anthelmintic Resistance and its Management Sissay Menkir Mekonnen Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science ... Helminth Parasites of Sheep and Goats in Eastern Ethiopia Epidemiology, ... The faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) provides an estimation of anthelmintic efficacy by comparing faecal egg counts ... Fasimec Cattle Oral Flukicide and Broad Spectrum Drench Product name: Fasimec Cattle Oral Flukicide and Broad Spcctrum Drench ...
Sixty three adult animals were used in nine groups to perform an anthelmintic efficacy test, faecal egg count (FEC), Famacha ... Glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)-glycine] is a broad-spectrum, non-selective, post-emergence herbicide that is extensively used ... The objective of this study was to subsidize a sustainable parasite control program in a flock of goats in São Francisco do Sul ... Animals , Anthelmintics/analysis , Herbicide Resistance , Helminths , Parasitic Diseases , Pest Control 11. Intellectual ...
Utilizing Fecal Egg Counts and Environmental Risk Assessment to Effectively Control Equine Internal Parasites STR1210008 Pfizer ... as broad spectrum prasiticide. Vet Med J Giza : ٤٢ ... ANTHELMINTIC RESISTANCE IN EQUINE WORMS Vet Times The website ... Gastrointestinal Nematode Parasites of Small Ruminants and Anthelmintics Efficacy Test in Sheep of Haramaya District, Eastern ... INTERNAL PARASITES OF SHEEP AND GOATS 7 INTERNAL PARASITES OF SHEEP AND GOATS These diseases are known to occur in Afghanistan ...
3. Detection of anthelmintic resistance in sheep and goat against fenbendazole by faecal egg count reduction test ... Fenbendazole (FBZ) and Mebendazole (MBZ) are considered the most safe and potent broad spectrum anthelminthic agents used ... Although veterinary anthelmintics represent an important source of environmental pollution, the fate of anthelmintics and their ... 4. Efficacy of ivermectin, closantel and fenbendazole against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in Kashmir valley ...
Zolvix Plus is ideal as a first summer drench as it is able to deliver high-level broad-spectrum efficacy2,3 regardless of ... Drenches for goats: using cattle and horse anthelmintics *Drenches for goats: alternatives to registered commercial drench ... differentiated faecal egg count reduction ,95% reduction) to white, clear and macrocyclic lactone drenches and their ... 4. Baker, K.E. et al. (2012). Efficacy of monepantel and anthelmintic combinations against multiple-resistant Haemonchus ...
Furthemore the effect of broad spectrum anthelmintic like Panacur (fenbendazole) in the experimental group in terms of eggs per ... in buffalo calves under held conditions and to compare its efficacy and treatment cost with other anthelmintics (ivermectin ... The faecal egg counts of sheep grazing on permanent pasture showed the minimum EPG during first week of January while maximum ... Incidence of enterotoxemia in young sheep population were high 18.40% than young goat 12.35% while it was high in adult goat ...
The persistence of the broad-spectrum anthelmintic activity of the MLs against adult and immature gastrointestinal parasites is ... The increases of fecal eggs counts after ivermectin and doramectin administration to cattle indicate that reinfection begins 2- ... and the advantageous pattern of moxidectin efficacy against ivermectin-resistant nematodes of sheep, goats, and cattle. ... As opposed to benzimidazole anthelmintics, the MLs do not possess ovicidal activity. Compounds from both endectocide families ...
The Efficacy Of Ivomec Injection, A Broad Spectrum Anthelmintic, Against Gastro-Intestinal Nematodes & Lung Work In Sheep by ... The eggs per gram of faeces were done by Mc Master eggs counting technique. Serum samples of forty sheep and forty goats ... eggs per gram of the faeces) by using MoMaster technique. Out of the total 300 faecal samples collected directly from the ... This experiment was conducted to find out that efficacy of various anthelmintics in birds (Pheasants) for the treatment of ...
On October 14, 2014, mixed-breed male and female goat kids (n = 45; 17.17 kg ± 0.79 BW) were stratified by fecal egg count, ... broad-spectrum synthetic anthelmintics have been the primary defense against GIN infection in small ruminants worldwide (Hoste ... treating goats at the recommended sheep dosage rate has resulted in anthelmintic under-dosing, thus causing a reduced efficacy ... During the 63-d trial, individual fecal samples were taken from the rectum of each animal every 7-d. Fecal egg count was ...
The efficacy of Nematodirus species treatment with the commonly used broad spectrum anthelmintics was also evaluated, 94% of ... an ovine anthelmintic treatment must result in a reduction of faecal egg count (FEC) of at least 95% with the lower confidence ... Prevalence of anthelmintic resistance on sheep and goat farms in the southeastern United States. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008, 233 ... faecal egg count for other trichostrongyles (excluding Strongyloides papillosus). FECNEM: Faecal egg count for Nematodirus ...
Broad spectrum antibacterial agents are expected to diminish the hydrolytic action of intestinal flora and thus, may prevent ... The efficacy of a drug refers to the action of the drug to produce a response in a given tissue. An additional parameter, ... In sheep and goat (b) is preferred). • 2. Neck - In the heavy muscles on the caudodorsal aspect of the neck. Needle can pierce ... It improves fecal continence by enhancing anal sphincter tone. Mechanism of action • Opiates inhibit ACh release. • The ...
... anthelmintics (closantel) that are effective against this species should be done. A strategic treatment with a broad-spectrum ... Faecal egg counts (FECs) rise from November and December to reach a peak during March and April, followed by a decline to low ... and goats (Amarante et al. 1997). Thus, cross-infection of the Haemonchus species between sheep, goats and cattle and of H. ... Anthelmintic (AH) treatment of communal cattle is either non-existent or very occasional and irregular and, if given at all, is ...
... hepatica in naturally infected beef cattle using both coproantigen and faecal egg count reduction tests. Faecal egg counts (FEC ... The methanolic extract revealed broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity at the concentration of 400 µg/disc. The results were ... Faecal samples were collected from selected animals on 0, 7 and 21 day post-treatment (PT). Based on FEC, closantel efficacy 21 ... anthelmintic, antitussive and cytotoxic activities. The current work describes the anthelmintic and cytotoxic activities of ...
N PROFKANYARIPAULW. "A. OMEGA and P.W.N. KANYARI and others (1997). Suitability of the faecal egg sedimentation (FEST) as a ... N MRMAINGIELIUD. "Anthelmintic resistance in nematode species of goats on some farms in Kenya. Bulletin of Animal Health and ... Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibioi ic shown to have specific activity against a wide variety of organisms that are ... N PROFGUANTAIA. "The in vitro anti-plasmodial and in vivo anti-malarial efficacy of combinations of some medicinal plants used ...
... and identification of anthelmintic resistance-associate molecules/markers can provide a basis for rational anthelmintics-use ... There is an urgent need for better management of drug-use in nematode control and development of novel anthelmintics. Discovery ... The excessive and uncontrolled use of anthelmintics, e.g. ivermectin (IVM) for the treatment of livestock parasites has led to ... mean faecal egg count of 0 eggs per gram) . One goat was infected with approximately 7000 of the third-stage larvae of ...
Some clinics and pharmacies carried broad-spectrum drugs, but these were priced far out of range for most of the population. ... One such measure normalizes the egg count for each type of infection by dividing each egg count by the moderate-heavy infection ... The program was somewhat less effective against whipworm, perhaps as a result of the lower efficacy of single-dose albendazole ... goats, pigs, sheep) at home (0 03) (0 03) Weight-for-age Z-score (low scores denote undernutrition) (0 05) (0 05) Blood in ...
NematodesIvermectinAlbendazoleMonepantelFecesDifferent anthelminticReductionHaemonchusPrevalenceCountsGram of faecesLarvaeCompoundsInfectionFECRTNematode eggsGastrointestinal nematodeCommonlyBenzimidazoleParasiteParasitesExaminationCountResistantDevelopment of resistanceTherapeutic efficacyStrongyleContaminationMacrocyclicDrenchAntiparasiticTreatmentsTreatmentDrugsDewormersEffectiveSamplesCattleControlFarmers
- Monepantel aminoacetonitrile class effective against a variety of nematodes including those resistant to other anthelmintic classes Spiroindoles e. undisclosed WormMail 201006091500 Monepantel 39 Zolvix 39 Novartis classed as an 39 amino acetonitrile derivative AAD 39 was registered a little over year ago in NZ. (dietistacatania.it)
- The publication of the first UK case of resistance is in Veterinary Parasitology 257 2018 48 53 Lack of efficacy of monepantel against trichostrongyle nematodes in a UK sheep flock by Kim Hamer Dave Bartley Amy Jennings Alison Morrison and Neil Sargison. (dietistacatania.it)
- There were 13 species of nematodes and 4 species of flukes present in the sheep and goats, with Haemonchus contortus being the most prevalent (65 80%), followed by Trichostrongylus spp. (petsdocbox.com)
- There was no evidence of anthelmintic resistance in the nematodes, indicating that dilution of resistant parasites, which are likely to be imported with introduced breeding goats, and the low selection pressure imposed by the small-holder farmers, had prevented anthelmintic resistance from emerging. (petsdocbox.com)
- Sissay, M. M., Uggla, A. & Waller, P. J., Prevalence and seasonal incidence of helminth parasite infections of sheep and goats in eastern Ethiopia: I. Nematodes and trematodes. (petsdocbox.com)
- Oxyuris equi.gastrophilus nasalis Therapeutic efficacy of a mixture of ivermectin and closantel against gastrointestinal parasites in draft horses Abstract M. K. Aldelami and B. A. Albadrani Department of Internal and Preventative Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq Examination of 19 fecal samples showed positive results for nematodes. (petsdocbox.com)
- Anthelmintic resistance against commonly used anthelmintic fenbendazole was evaluated by employing faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) in naturally occurring gastrointestinal (GI) nematodes in the semi organized sheep and goat farms of Ludhiana and Amritsar districts. (usda.gov)
- The present work was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of ivermectin, closantel and fenbendazole under field conditions against Gastrointestinal Nematodes (GIN) of cross bred merino sheep in Budgam area of Kashmir Valley. (usda.gov)
- 2010). A pooled analysis of the efficacy of monepantel, an aminoacetonitrile derivative against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep. (wormboss.com.au)
- This project was designed to find out the incidence of gastrointestinal nematodes and to chalk out the comparative efficacy of Levamisole Hcl oral and Levamisole Hcl injectable (Anthelmin powder and injection) in young buffaloes and cattle upto two years of age at Lahore and adjacent areas. (edu.pk)
- Therefore, fermented Chambourcin grape extract may not be an effective natural anthelmintic for controlling nematodes in creep-fed goat kids. (sare.org)
- Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) are the largest constraint to profitable goat production worldwide (Shaik et al. (sare.org)
- The excessive and uncontrolled use of anthelmintics, e.g. ivermectin (IVM) for the treatment of livestock parasites has led to widespread resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes, such as Haemonchus contortus . (biomedcentral.com)
- The excessive and uncontrolled use of anthelmintics for the treatment of nematode diseases has led to widespread resistance in livestock nematodes [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Introduced into the market in the early 1980s IVM has been widely used due to its broad-spectrum activity for the control of parasitic nematodes and ectoparasites in animals. (biomedcentral.com)
- Given the numerous reports of anthelminthic resistance of sheep nematodes to different anthelmintic compounds, this study aimed to evaluate the resistance status of gastrointestinal nematodes from naturally infected sheep to monepantel in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. (bvsalud.org)
- Nov 27 2018 After a perceived lack of effectiveness in ivermectin and doramectin the farm started using monepanel in July 2012 and since then monepantel was used as the sole anthelmintic. (dietistacatania.it)
- Faecal egg count reduction tests (FECRT) conducted on the HU flocks, and flocks in surrounding small-holder communities, evaluated the efficacy of commonly used anthelmintics, including albendazole (ABZ), tetramisole (TET), a combination (ABZ + TET) and ivermectin (IVM). (petsdocbox.com)
- Administration of a single dose of mixture of ivermectin and closantel (0.05 ml/kg body weight) revealed a significant reduction in average egg count in feces of the treated horses with both single and mixed infection. (petsdocbox.com)
- Efficacy of mixture of ivermectin and closantel for was 100% in removing eggs of the Parascaris equorm and Oxyuris equi and 99.42% for Strongylus spp at 14 days post-treatment. (petsdocbox.com)
- AM J Vet Med Assoc : Costa AJ, Moraes FR, Acuna AH, Rocha UF, Soares VE, Paullilo AC, Sanches A. Comparative efficacy evaluation of moxidectin gel and ivermectin paste against internal parasites of equines in Brazil. (petsdocbox.com)
- Comparative Anthelmintic Activity of Strategic Sustained Low Level Administration of Albendazole in Feed Pellets Compared to Single Dose of Closantel and Tetramisole Against Natural Ovine Parasitic Gastroenteritis. (petsdocbox.com)
- 2012). Albendazole (ABZ) is a broad spectrum anthelmintic drug, frequently used in India for therapy of gastrointestinal nematode infection in dogs. (ijlr.org)
- monepantel veterinary use Despite the beneficial use drug therapy in dairy cows is of public health and food safety concern owing to the unwanted 19 Nov 2018 Monepantel is a narrow spectrum anthelmintic effective against the most important gastrointestinal roundworms of sheep amp goats. (dietistacatania.it)
- contortus isolate in Santa Ines or Ile de France sheep hosts resulted in three monepantel resistant efficacy varying from 0 to 58. (dietistacatania.it)
- Monepantel MOP belongs to a new class of anthelmintic compounds the amino acetonitrile derivates which have a different mode of action as the currently used anthelmintics. (dietistacatania.it)
- Monepantel (MPL) (trade name Zolvix®) was the first new anthelmintic for livestock use for over 25 years when it appeared in 2009. (biomedcentral.com)
- This study examined the development of resistance to anthelmintics in Haemonchus contortus in lambs under suppressive or selective treatment regimens that included monepantel. (semanticscholar.org)
- Lack of efficacy of monepantel against Trichostrongylus colubriformis in sheep in Brazil. (semanticscholar.org)
- to monepantel and reduced efficacy of a derquantel / abamectin combination confirmed in sheep in NSW, Australia. (semanticscholar.org)
- 2012). Efficacy of monepantel and anthelmintic combinations against multiple-resistant Haemonchus contortus in sheep, including characterisation of the nematode isolate. (wormboss.com.au)
- Lambs that present counts of eggs per gram of feces (EPG) ≥200 (sensitivity of 50 EPG) one day (D-1) before the treatment were select for the study and randomly separated into two groups, a control group and an experimental group treated with monepantel. (bvsalud.org)
- This study shows the presence of parasites resistant to the treatment with monepantel, pointing to the importance of monitoring its efficacy in sheep flocks of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. (bvsalud.org)
- However, in clinical evaluation of fecal examinations, two points should be remembered: 1) a fecal worm egg count (number of worm eggs per gram (EPG) of feces is not always an accurate indication of the number of adult worms present, and 2) specific identification of certain nematode eggs (eg, "strongyles") is impractical except in specialized laboratories. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Mature gravid segments are full of eggs (several thousands) and detach from the strobila (i.e. the chain of segments) to be shed outside the host with its feces. (parasitipedia.net)
- The adult worms produce eggs that are shed with the feces of the host, either already free or included in gravid segments. (parasitipedia.net)
- Feces were collected 9 days after the treatment (D+9) for EPG counts and fecal culture. (bvsalud.org)
- The authors reported that MPL showed no efficacy in terms of egg count reduction in goats or reduction of worm burden in sheep, and was ineffective against at least two GINs ( Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis ). (biomedcentral.com)
- The efficacy was evaluated on the basis of reduction in EPG (eggs per gram of the faeces) by using MoMaster technique. (edu.pk)
- The efficacy was determined on basis of reduction in number of ova count discharged in faeces post medication. (edu.pk)
- Faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) was applied to determine the efficacy of anthelmintic at day 14 (post-treatment). (biomedcentral.com)
- 0.05) reduction in nematode egg excretion in the sheep post-treatment. (biomedcentral.com)
- Variations in the egg-producing capability of different worms (significantly lower for Trichostrongylus , Ostertagia , and Nematodirus than for Haemonchus ) may also distort the true picture. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Broad spectrum anthelmintic resistance of Haemonchus contortus in Northern NSW of Australia. (semanticscholar.org)
- However, due to widespread prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in goat GIN, alternative, natural control methodologies are needed to increase profitability of the small ruminant industry (Shaik et al. (sare.org)
- However, the excellent efficacy of modern dewormers has markedly decreased the prevalence of this parasite, and the once common affliction of colic due to this parasite has become a rare occurrence in managed horses (Lyons, Tolliver et al. (albertahorseindustry.ca)
- It is highly recommended to periodically check the resistance status of each property performing appropriate tests (e.g. fecal egg counts) under supervision of a veterinary doctor. (parasitipedia.net)
- The parasitological data included numbers of nematode eggs per gram of faeces (EPG), faecal culture L3 larvae, packed red cell volume (PCV), adult worm and early L4 counts, and FAMACHA eye-colour score estimates, along with animal performance (body weight change). (petsdocbox.com)
- The key to controlling the rise in winter worm counts is therefore to control egg deposition through summer. (wormboss.com.au)
- If egg counts exceed 80-100 epg, then a second summer drench would be recommended 1 . (wormboss.com.au)
- Fecal egg counts, packed cell volumes, FAMACHA © scores, weights, and body condition scores were measured every 7 d. (sare.org)
- Start, final, and change from start to final body condition scores, fecal egg counts, and packed cell volumes did not differ ( P ≥ 0.12) across treatments. (sare.org)
- Fecal culture of strongyle eggs can produce distinctive third-stage larvae if differentiation is important premortem. (merckvetmanual.com)
- The worm larvae on pasture during autumn and winter predominantly come from the eggs deposited in faeces in the previous spring and summer 5 . (wormboss.com.au)
- Dogs may be infected via the placenta or through the dam's milk or by ingesting T. canis eggs or paratenic hosts containing larvae. (ijlr.org)
- The purpose of this chapter is to provide an updated and integrated overview of the main basic pharmacological features of the ML compounds, which account for their outstanding long-persistent broad-spectrum antiparasitic activity. (veteriankey.com)
- The use of anthelmintic with substandard quality compounds [ 2 , 16 ] and irrational use of anthelmintics [ 11 , 14 ] can also influence the anthelmintic efficacy. (biomedcentral.com)
- Infection usually can be confirmed by demonstrating nematode eggs or tapeworm segments on fecal examination. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Assays for detecting infection in fecal samples using direct or indirect examinations are important tools for diagnosing the disease. (usda.gov)
- Methods for assessing snail exposure to fecal waste can improve our ability to identify snail infection hotspots and potential sources of snail infections. (usda.gov)
- The nematode infection levels of both sheep and goats followed the bi-modal annual rainfall pattern, with the highest worm burdens occurring during the two rain seasons (peaks in May and September). (petsdocbox.com)
- 2006). Since their introduction in the 1960's, broad-spectrum synthetic anthelmintics have been the primary defense against GIN infection in small ruminants worldwide (Hoste, 2011). (sare.org)
- Currently, there are five anthelmintic classes available for the control of nematode infection in sheep although the two most recently licensed products, an amino-acetonitrile derivative (Zolvix, Novartis) and a spiroindole/macrocyclic lactone combination product (Startect, Zoetis) are prescription-only medicines in Ireland. (biomedcentral.com)
- Human beings gets infection by ingestion of embryonated Toxocara eggs through food or soil or by penetration of larva through skin. (ijlr.org)
- Gastrointestinal nematode parasitism is one of the greatest threats to economic goat production in the United States, costing the industry tens of billions of dollars annually. (sare.org)
- Gastrointestinal nematode anthelmintic treatments, as practiced on Irish farms, have a high failure rate. (biomedcentral.com)
- The anthelmintic treatments did not affect body weight gain, leading to the conclusion that, when fed with suitable dietary supplements, Simmental X Nellore crossbred calves are not affected by gastrointestinal nematode parasites acquired by grazing. (bvsalud.org)
- At that stage too, treatment with most classes of commonly-used wormers may be of little value, as resistant worm-eggs have become dominant on the pasture, where they remain as a reservoir for future generations of sheep which may graze on them. (hpra.ie)
- Therefore, this study was conducted 1) to evaluate the efficacy of commonly used anthelmintic on GINs in naturally infected sheep and 2) to assess the farmers' perception on anthelmintics utilisation practices in Dabat district, Northwest Ethiopia. (biomedcentral.com)
- Of those, 1,308 provided information on the anthelmintic product that they used with 46%, 23% and 28% using a benzimidazole (BZ), levamisole (LEV) and macrocyclic lactone (ML) product respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
- The introduction of benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics (dewormers) led to a revolution in equine in parasite control (Drudge and Lyons 1966). (albertahorseindustry.ca)
- Prior to the introduction and strategic use of benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics, it is estimated that 90% of colics were due to migrating arterial stages of the large strongyle parasite Strongylus vulgaris (Drudge and Lyons 1977). (albertahorseindustry.ca)
- Avitellina centripunctata is a tapeworm parasite that has mainly sheep, goats and occasionally cattle, dromedaries and other wild and domestic ruminants as final hosts . (parasitipedia.net)
- In an attempt to restore the anthelmintic efficacy a new management system was applied to the HU goat flock, including: eliminating the existing parasite infections in the goats, exclusion from the traditional goat pastures, and initiation of communal grazing of the goats with the HU sheep and animals of the local small-holder farmers. (petsdocbox.com)
- The time of parasite exposure to active drug concentrations determines the efficacy and/or persistence of activity for the most of the anthelmintic drugs used in veterinary medicine. (veteriankey.com)
- Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate effects of fermented Chambourcin grape extract (CG) on parasite level and performance in mixed-breed goat kids. (sare.org)
- even when many adult parasites are present, the count can be low if egg production has been suppressed by host immune reaction or recent anthelmintic treatment. (merckvetmanual.com)
- The advent of safe and effective broad-spectrum anthelmintics has largely reduced the need to differentiate the genera and species of these parasites. (merckvetmanual.com)
- This means that if this product does not achieve the expected efficacy against the mentioned parasites, it can be due to resistance and not to incorrect use, which is usually the most frequent cause of product failure. (parasitipedia.net)
- 3 Abstract Sissay M.M., Helminth parasites of sheep and goats in eastern Ethiopia: Epidemiology, and anthelmintic resistance and its management. (petsdocbox.com)
- Therefore, the number of infective stages present in the host environment at any given period is related to the number of worm eggs passed by the host and this largely determines the number of parasites potentially capable of being established in a susceptible host. (scielo.org.za)
- Worm egg count monitoring should be undertaken from about six weeks after the first summer drench. (wormboss.com.au)
- 98% effective), as even a low level worm egg count across summer may result in a winter worm disaster. (wormboss.com.au)
- Samples were included for analysis of drench efficacy if the pre-treatment flock egg count was ≥200 eggs per gram and the interval post-sampling was 10-14 days for BZ products, 4-7 days for LEV products and 14-18 days for ML products. (biomedcentral.com)
- All the groups in this experiment showed an average fecal egg count of less than 400 eggs per gram (EPG), and no clinical signs of parasitic gastroenteritis. (bvsalud.org)
- in accordance with the established life-cycles of the worms concerned, the resistant worms lay eggs that contain the genes coding for resistance to the class(es) of wormer being used become the dominant strain on the pasture. (hpra.ie)
- In extreme cases, these resistant eggs become the only source of new infestation amongst naive sheep. (hpra.ie)
- In this way, the level of pasture contamination with resistant eggs increases significant over time. (hpra.ie)
- Managing the pasture to minimise the threat of the resistant worm-eggs becoming dominant over susceptible worm-eggs. (hpra.ie)
- In this way animals at pasture will not be exposed exclusively to resistant worm eggs but rather will ingest susceptible worm eggs. (hpra.ie)
- Regular treatment with anthelmintics, in the absence of strategies to delay the development of resistance, will favour the survival of resistant nematode species. (biomedcentral.com)
- Anthelmintic resistant small strongyles (small strongyles) now are highly prevalent and even where drugs still are effective, the egg reappearance period (ERP) following treatment has become significantly shorter. (albertahorseindustry.ca)
- Zolvix Plus can deliver high-level broad-spectrum efficacy 2,3 regardless of existing resistance status to other drench classes 3,4 , making this product well suited for this purpose. (wormboss.com.au)
- New drenches should be incorporated into drench programs in a way that helps to preserve the efficacy of existing active ingredients while maintaining productivity 6 . (wormboss.com.au)
- Zolvix Plus is ideal as a first summer drench as it is able to deliver high-level broad-spectrum efficacy 2,3 regardless of existing resistance status to other drench classes 3,4 , minimising egg deposition through summer and providing a solid foundation for effective worm control in the following autumn and winter. (wormboss.com.au)
- As part of this programme, farmers had the option to carry out a drench test to establish the efficacy of their anthelmintic treatment. (biomedcentral.com)
- There was a significant difference in efficacy between the anthelmintic drug classes with BZ effective in only 30% of treatments, LEV effective in 52% of cases and ML effective in 76% of cases. (biomedcentral.com)
- Abstract An evaluation was made of the effect of anthelmintic treatments on the performance of Simmental X Nellore crossbred calves before and after weaning. (bvsalud.org)
- Individual animals continue to scour even after treatment with a broad-spectrum wormer. (hpra.ie)
- This experiment was conducted to find out that efficacy of various anthelmintics in birds (Pheasants) for the treatment of Ascaridia, Heteraki and Trichostrungylus. (edu.pk)
- In total there were 1,893 participants in the task, however only 1,585 included both a pre- and post-treatment faecal sample. (biomedcentral.com)
- Four farms that present extensive raising system and absence of anthelmintic treatment for 60 days were selected for the study. (bvsalud.org)
- Faecal samples were collected on day 0 (before treatment), on day 3, 7, 10 and 14 (post-treatment). (biomedcentral.com)
- Most veterinarians continue to recommend anthelmintic (dewormer) treatment programs for horses that are based on knowledge and concepts that are more than 40 years old. (albertahorseindustry.ca)
- Subsequent FECRTs revealed high levels of efficacy of all three drugs in the goat and sheep flocks, demonstrating that anthelmintic efficacy can be restored by exploiting refugia. (petsdocbox.com)
- Discovery and identification of anthelmintic resistance-associate molecules/markers can provide a basis for rational anthelmintics-use and development of novel drugs. (biomedcentral.com)
- No vaccines are available for these diseases by far and major control measures rely on the use of anthelmintic drugs. (biomedcentral.com)
- Effective management of GINs in grazing sheep relies heavily on the use of highly efficacious anthelmintic drugs. (biomedcentral.com)
- There was a significant difference between the efficacies of the anthelmintic classes with BZ the least effective and ML the most effective. (biomedcentral.com)
- It is a broad spectrum anthelmintic, effective against: roundworms, tapeworms, and flukes of domestic animals and humans. (parasitetesting.co.uk)
- The predilection site of adult Avitellina tapeworms in their final hosts (sheep, goats, cattle, etc.) is the small intestine . (parasitipedia.net)
- Veterinary medicine: A text book of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats & horses. (petsdocbox.com)
- The efficacy was 98.62% and 98.29% in huffa1oe, and cattle respectively for Levamisole Hcl injectable. (edu.pk)
- Refugia-based strategies for sustainable worm control: factors affecting the acceptability to sheep and goat owners. (semanticscholar.org)
- Group C was considered as control to know the increase in the number of eggs per gm. (edu.pk)
- Out of the 128 positive animals ninety animals were selected for the drug trials and divided into three groups of thirty animal each i.e groups A, B and C. The anthelmin tic efficacy of Levamisol Hcl oral and Levamisol Hcl injectable against G.I.T. nernatodes was observed by administering the drug to group A and B respectively and group C was kept as non-medicated control. (edu.pk)
- There is an urgent need for better management of drug-use in nematode control and development of novel anthelmintics. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, anthelmintic resistance is becoming a significant concern in the world, and this phenomenon severely threatens the potential utilisation of this control strategy. (biomedcentral.com)