The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.

No data available that match "factor superovulation"


... literary data and of own experience the author deals with protocols concerning hyperstimulation in the in vitro fertilization ... Previous Document: Endocrine factors in the neonatal adaptation.. Next Document: Possible incidental factors in the treatment ... Fertilization in Vitro*. Hormones / metabolism. Humans. Menstrual Cycle / metabolism*. Ovulation*. Ovulation Detection / ... Treatments for inducing superovulation and the endocrine aspects of cycle diagnostics in connection with the in vitro ...
This is also called superovulation.. *Egg retrieval is achieved by aspiration of the follicle, to remove the ova from the body ... Male factor infertility. *Unexplained infertility. The procedure. IVF involves five steps:. *Hyperstimulation of the ovaries is ... Insemination and fertilization. During these steps, the male partners sperm is mixed with the best of the retrieved eggs, to ... This happens about three or four days after fertilization occurs and requires a single cell to be removed from each embryo. ...
Two superovulation ewe were in seminated with the frozcn semena involed 6% glycerine. It showcd that fertilization ratc is 97 ... All data were analysed by single factor analysis of significant difference. It showed that among three dilnents, diluent C is ... Two superovulation ewe were in seminated with the frozcn semena involed 6% glycerine. It showcd that fertilization ratc is 97 ... AN ANALYSIS ON AFFECTED FACTORS DURING FREEZING THE SPERM OF GOAT. Wang Chao; Zhou Qingyu; Ding Jiatong(Lianyungang Egg and ...
A male factor is solely responsible in about 20% of infertile couples and contributory in another 30-40% ... A male factor is solely responsible in about 20% of infertile couples and contributory in another 30-40% ... such as superovulation and intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization, effectively negate any unrecognized cervical ... A male factor is solely responsible in about 20% of infertile couples and contributory in another 30-40%.1 If a male ...
Superovulation is induced in women to increase chances of fertilization and conception in assisted reproductive techniques. In ... Superovulation is common in women who take medications such as clomiphene citrate, an anti-estrogenic oral medication used to ... Gonadotropin surge-attenuating factor (GnSAF) is a nonsteroidal ovarian hormone produced by the granulosa cells of small antral ... AIYER, M. S.; CHIAPPA, SHARON A.; FINK, G. (1974). "A Priming Effect of Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Factor on the Anterior ...
Several factors have been suggested to attribute to the reduction in superovulation response e.g. the refractoriness of the ... The increased number of unfertilised ova obtained from repeatedly treated does has been emphasized by a poor fertilisation rate ... This factor has also been shown to reduce ovulation rate and the number of embryos recovered (Al-Kamali et al., 1985; Cognie, ... Successive superovulation and the collection of embryos in less seasonal breeds such as the Boer goat may lead to faster ...
This study was aimed to investigate the effect of high mobility group box1(HMGB1) and/or stromal cell derived factor-1(SDF-1) ... Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) mice models were added to explore the precise ... factors contributing to the differences in ICSI offspring. The data demonstrated that superovulation, in vitro culture, and ... It is also worth noting that novel molecular factors such as mitochondrial DNA mutations may play a role in the pathogenesis of ...
GnRHa is less potent at inducing ovarian vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), but may also affect endometrial ... may have significant implications for placental development and neonatal outcomes following human in vitro fertilization. ... In this study, we explore the effect of superovulation on endometrial angiogenesis during critical periods of gestation in a ... GnRHa and hCG triggers differentially disrupt the endometrial expression of key angiogenic factors during critical periods of ...
The vascular endothelial growth factor/fms-like tyrosine kinase system in human ovary during the menstrual cycle in early ... TITLE: Variations in vascular endothelial growth factor levels during ovarian superovulation and reduction of ovarian ... KEYWORDS: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF); In Vitro Fertilization; Gonadotropin Stimulation; Follicle Size; ... The R-W Metric Has No Constant Curvature When Scalar Factor R(t) Changes with Time ...
Results demonstrated that expression of the angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AGTR1), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and ... compared to natural mating with superovulation. In addition, the relative expression of candidate genes expressed in the ... Alteration in the expression of the renin-angiotensin system in the myocardium of mice conceived by in vitro fertilization ... Epidemiological studies have revealed that offspring conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) have an elevated risk of ...
"Effect of salpingectomy on ovarian response to superovulation in an in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer program". Fertility ... Due to the mean age of the procedure being 36 years, age-related complications play a minimal factor during and after surgery. ... Turrentine, F.E.; Wang, H.; Simpson, V.B.; Jones, R.S. (2008). "Surgical Risk Factors, Morbidity, and Mortality in Elderly ... A study in 1998 showed that salpingectomy had no detrimental effect on ovarian response after in vitro fertilisation (IVF) ...
Impaired oocyte fertilization in the absence of superovulation treatment was associated with MAPK3/MAPK1 hyperactivation in BTC ... Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are two key regulators of placental ... KEYWORDS: betacellulin, EGFR, female reproductive tract, fertilization, growth factors, implantation, MAPK3/MAPK1, transgenic ... This is mediated, in part, through activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB). Prostaglandin E ...
The extended period during which ovulation occurs may be a contributory factor. ... results suggest that reduced fertility of superovulated immature rats is due to complete or partial failure of fertilization in ... Superovulation of immature hypothyroid rdw rats by thyroxine therapy and the development of eggs after in vitro fertilization. ... Fertilization of rat eggs in vitro at various times before and after ovulation with special reference to fertilization of ...
... and superovulation therapies for infertility, such as in vitro fertilization or gamete intrafallopian tube transfer (GIFT). ... Factors to consider prior to treatment include the patients age and desire for fertility, the severity of symptoms, and the ... Efforts can then be spent identifying and correcting any other infertility factors as necessary (see Evaluation of the ... in vitro fertilization, and GIFT techniques. The family physician assumes a critical role in managing endometriosis by ...
In vitro fertilisation. Fertilisation of the female reproductive cell (ovum) outside the body, before implantation into the ... superovulation) is known to be effective. The purpose of superovulation treatment in this situation is to increase the number ... Reports from a number of fertility centres around the world suggest that endometriosis may be a factor which reduces IVF ... Fertilisation of the female reproductive cell (ovum) outside the body, before implantation into the uterus (womb). Abbreviated ...
Covers risk factors like smoking, PID, or tubal ligation. ... Your risk factors and any fallopian tube damage you may have ... Fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization.. What are the symptoms?. In the first few weeks, an ectopic pregnancy ... Ectopic pregnancy has been linked to the use of medicine used to make the ovary release multiple eggs (superovulation). Experts ... If you have one or more risk factors for ectopic pregnancy, you and your doctor can closely monitor your first weeks of a ...
In women with obesity and/or PCOS, elevated levels of oxidative stress are proposed as a major contributing factor to ... "superovulation," few interventions exist which can favorably impact the quality of the eggs.[4] As such, poor egg quality often ... such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) can often increase the number of eggs available to fertilize through induction of " ... In fact, a womans chronological age is often cited as the single most important factor in predicting the reproductive ...
... in vitro fertilization) is a safe & a natural approach with increasing success rates. Book a consultation at one of our ... It involves mild super ovulation to ensure the growth of 2-3 follicles. At Malpani Clinic the treatment plan for mini IVF is ... Body: Natural cycle IVF is a simpler way of doing In Vitro Fertilization. It is especially of benefit to patients with poor ... Factors Affecting the Success of IVF Treatment Cycle Thursday, March 7, 2019 ...
Male factor patients with an initial sperm count of less than 10 million sperm / ml had a significantly lower fertilization ... As a possible alternative to the need for induction of superovulation the possibility now exists to recover immature oocytes ... Firstly, placement of both the oocytes and sperm may lead to an actual increase in fertilization as specific tubal factors may ... Male factor infertility. The techniques utilized in the treatment of male factor infertility are dependent on the severity of ...
As women age, two factors are of primary importance in the decline in their fertility: the ovarian factor, concerning the ... If the number of fertile women who choose fertilization by IVF will ultimately be as high as I predict, the costs of IVF in ... For women to undergo a superovulation and to store their young eggs is, first of all, a kind of insurance. Women may still ... In an insightful book, The XX Factor,1 Alison Wolf describes the way some of these changes in reproductive technology, ...
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common and effective type of assisted reproductive technology. It involves fertilizing ... Other factors that may affect success. Apart from age, the likelihood of success depends on factors including:. *how long you ... 2 Super ovulation. Fertility drugs containing the fertility hormone follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are given to the woman. ... In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is the most common and effective type of assisted reproductive technology to help women become ...
Tubal/intra-abdominal factor. In vitro fertilization. Minimal-mild Endometriosis. Sexual intercourse after the ovulation ... In vitro fertilization. This procedure contains a process of harvesting many ova after superovulation protocol via surgical ... Typical cases that conduct in vitro fertilization *- Infertility due to tubal factors: tubal atresia, pelvic synechiae, ... intra-abdominal factors, a in vitro fertilization is an appropriate measure. ...
The starting point in the procedure is called superovulation. Superovulation involves the recruitment of multiple follicles, ... The age , 37 Clinical pregnancy rate was 52%. Age of the egg is a major factor in predicting pregnancy rates. It is known that ... In Vitro Fertilization and the assisted reproductive technologies (ART). The History of the Procedure. In Vitro Fertilization ( ... Fertilization of the Egg. Following egg retrieval the husband is asked to do a sperm collection. The sperm is processed by a ...
I think having FET would take the risk factor away for you personally, as the link they are finding is with super-ovulation (as ... Being Pregnant with a single fetus after in vitro fertilization (IVF) as a medical risk factor for preterm birth and various ... Increased risk of preterm birth in singleton pregnancies resulting from in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer or gamete ... they think due to the super-ovulation associated with IVF. I hadnt heard of this before now and my RE never mentioned it to me ...
A male factor contributing to infertility, in which sperm counts or motility are low but there are enough active sperm to allow ... Failed to conceive after an adequate trial of insemination with (super) ovulation. *Genetic diseases that result in miscarriage ... In Vitro Fertilization. IVF literally means allowing fertilization of the male and female gametes (sperm and egg) to occur ... After normal fertilization is achieved, the fertilized eggs are cultured in the laboratory for an appropriate period of time ...
The patients in this group who had further in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment were followed up, and ... ... Randomized controlled trial comparing superovulation with letrozole versus recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone combined ... Several coagulation factors display ... 306. Myo-inositol in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: a novel method for ... METHODS: Women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment at the Assisted Conception Unit, Leicester Royal Infirmary, ...
Chan JL, Senapati S, Johnson LN, DiGiovanni L, Voong C, Butts SF, Domchek SM: Risk Factors for Sexual Dysfunction in BRCA ... Senapati S, Wang F, Ord T, Coutifaris C, Feng R, Mainigi M.: Superovulation alters the expression of endometrial genes critical ... Sullivan-Pyke CS, Senapati S, Mainigi MA, Barnhart KT: In Vitro fertilization and adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes. ...
We also look for the tubal factors. Tubal factor analysis is done by a test called salpingogram or hysterosalpingogram. If ... IVF is in vitro fertilization. What we do in this one is give injections or give continuous injections to the lady which will ... cause superovulation. Once the eggs attain a mature size we collect all of them through a thin needle into the test tube washed ... There may be few factors like peritoneal factors like an endometriosis. We have the endometrium of the inner layer of the ...
74)The Use of GnRHa in Superovulation Programmes. Treatment of infertility with in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or gamete intra- ... A study of factors affecting the success of human fertilization in vitro: influence of ovarian stimulation upon the number and ... Factors influencing pregnancy rates following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. Fertil Steril. 43: 245-250. ... Modeling of the probability of success of the stages of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer: Stimulation, fertilization ...
The tility may have other fertility problems (e.g., male factor) in consequences of undiagnosed infertility factors can be ... Efficacy of superovulation and intrauterine endocrine effects of a microdose GnRH agonist flare regimen admin- insemination in ... Prognostic value of day 3 estradiol on in vitro fertilization outcome.. 35. Frederick JL, Denker MS, Rojas A, Horta I, Stone SC ... Risk factors age 25 to 29, 15% at age 30 to 34, 30% at age 35 to 39, and for early loss of ovarian reserve include smoking, ...
  • Ovulation response and fertilization failure in immature rats induced to superovulate. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Fertilization of rat eggs in vitro at various times before and after ovulation with special reference to fertilization of ovarian oocytes matured in culture. (semanticscholar.org)
  • I think having FET would take the risk factor away for you personally, as the link they are finding is with super-ovulation (as seen with a fresh IVF cycle) increasing circulating levels of the hormone relaxin throughout the pregnancy. (ivf-infertility.com)
  • The other therapeutic options include laparoscopic ovarian drilling, ovulation induction with gonadotropins, and in vitro fertilization. (cmijournal.org)
  • The options available for treatment include expectant management, clomiphene citrate, super ovulation with intrauterine insemination, and in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection. (cmijournal.org)
  • Multiple pregnancy is more common in women who are treated with fertility medications to induce ovulation or superovulation. (reproductivefacts.org)
  • Superovulation is the process whereby a woman is given fertility drugs, usually injections (gonadotrophins) alone or in combination with oral clomiphene to stimulate the ovaries to produce 2 to 3 eggs to maturation and ovulation. (noelleong.com)
  • It records our prime quality of medical assistance delivered - in the end, the undeniable fact that the clinic made embryos implies that they're good at super ovulation, egg retrieval and fertilization - and quality clinics are often proud to exhibit their expertise! (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • A number of patients become pregnant with intensive cycle monitoring and super ovulation with the gonatrophins as well as intrauterine insemination or Fallopian tube sperm perfusion, In vitro fertilisation (IVF). (healthriskfood.com)
  • 34 in a prospective randomised-managed trial, in contrast IUI, super ovulation plus IUI and IVF in couples with unexplained or male-factor infertility. (myartyshow.com)
  • However, many problems on ovulation, fertilization, embryo recovery and viability rates were encountered when superovulation treatment was carried out. (upm.edu.my)
  • The objective of the study was to reveal the factors associated with variable interval to ovulation following a single dose of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2) in Beetal goats. (usda.gov)
  • Moreover, nutritional factors are the most important factors because nutrition affects all aspects of the chain of reproductive events including gametogenesis, follicular development, ovulation and steroidogenesis in females. (ac.ir)
  • The fertilisation rate and the number of transferable embryos were significantly lower in does treated repeatedly, compared to does superovulated for the first time. (scielo.org.za)
  • The potential of MOET to accelerate genetic progress in goats can be accomplished through repeated superovulation and the recovery of embryos from superior donors. (scielo.org.za)
  • Successive superovulation and the collection of embryos in less seasonal breeds such as the Boer goat may lead to faster progress, above that achieved in a natural breeding management system. (scielo.org.za)
  • Repeated superovulation with porcine follicle stimulating hormone (pFSH) in goats has been reported to reduce the number of ovulations and embryos recovered, as well as the number of transferable embryos (Nuti et al . (scielo.org.za)
  • We are examining whether pregnancy rates differ based on day of embryo transfer in patients who replace all available embryos after an In vitro Fertilization (IVF) cycle. (stanford.edu)
  • The transfer of blastocysts during in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles offers several advantages to the transfer of cleavage stage embryos. (springer.com)
  • In the end, In vitro fertilization treatments has a restricted success rate, and just about 20% of embryos implant to become baby. (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • An unsuccessful In vitro fertilization treatments could imply the embryos unsuccessful to implant for inexplicable biological causes - and is not immediately a reason to change your In vitro fertilization treatments clinic! (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • One very important tangible finish point that patients could use to judge the specific clinical proficiency that belongs to them In vitro fertilization treatments clinic would be to demand the clinic provide them with photo taking documentation that belongs to them embryos. (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • Creating embryos in vitro depends upon factors that are mainly within the clinic's control - while caused by the embryo transfer, sadly, isn't. (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: This study conducted a preliminary examination of the effects of three-area laser-assisted zona thinning (LAZT) during the cleavage stage of embryo development on the hatching process in human in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) with subjects of advanced female age or frozen-thawed (FT) embryos. (bvsalud.org)
  • MASSIP A., VANDERZWALMEN P., PUISSANT F., CAMUS M. and LEROY F. Effect of in vitro fertilization, culture, freezing and transfer on the ability of mouse embryos to implant and survive. (ivf.at)
  • Embryos are placed into the woman's womb 3 to 5 days after egg retrieval and fertilization. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The exact number of embryos transferred is a complex issue that depends on many factors, especially the woman's age. (medlineplus.gov)
  • During this time, I was a visiting researcher at the Département des Sciences Animales, Université Laval, Québec, Canada looking at global methylome profiling of peri-implantation in vivo, in vitro and superovulation derived bovine embryos. (ucd.ie)
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to determine if the use of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist can improve pregnancy and live-birth rates during superovulation and intrauterine insemination (IUI). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Patients' preferences for intrauterine insemination or in-vitro fertilization. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a technique of assisted conception in which washed and sorted motile sperm is inserted through the uterine cervix into the uterine cavity to increase the chances of natural fertilization of the oocyte within the fallopian tubes. (news-medical.net)
  • Aim of the study was to find the effect of various prognostic factors in cases of unexplained infertility undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI). (hindawi.com)
  • Controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with homologous intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) became some of the treatment options available. (hindawi.com)
  • Superovulation is usually combined with intrauterine insemination in which the prepared sperm sample is placed directly into the uterine cavity to improve the woman's chances of conception. (noelleong.com)
  • If he has at least 5 million active sperm, Dr. Rosenwaks generally recommends intrauterine insemination (IUI) either in a natural cycle or with ovarian stimulation (superovulation) of his female partner. (inciid.org)
  • For anyone planning to resort to Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), an understanding of factors impinging on likely IUI success rates is a must. (ucsfivf.org)
  • However, with the improvement in technology in the past few decades, intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), micro-assisted fertilization such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), as well as improved techniques in surgical manipulation, have revolutionized the treatment of male infertility. (glowm.com)
  • Interventions include intrauterine insemination plus controlled ovarian stimulation, in vitro fertilisation, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonists, clomifene and tamoxifen, laparoscopic ovarian drilling, tubal flushing and laparoscopic ablation of endometrial deposits, depending on the cause of the infertility (Al-Inany 2004). (acupuncture.org.uk)
  • In general, in the absence of absolute impediments for conception (blocked fallopian tubes, severe male factor), couples may be offered three to six cycles of superovulation and intrauterine insemination (IUI) before proceeding to IVF. (chawlanursinghome.com)
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) versus In-virto Fertilisation (IVF). (fortunejournals.com)
  • Male factor fertility treatments may include intrauterine insemination (IUI) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI - a laboratory technique that injects individual sperm directly into isolated eggs with the aid of a microscope). (womenshealthmatters.ca)
  • With respect to the first purpose, we discuss the three methods of preservation in use: slow equilibrium freezing, rapid nonequilibrium vitrification, and the use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection to achieve fertilization with sperm rendered nonviable by other preservation treatments. (bioone.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of estradiol addition to progesterone supplementation during the luteal phase on pregnancy and implantation rates in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET) cycles. (biomedsearch.com)
  • RESULTS: A total of 171 in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection FET cycles, including 85 cycles with drilling LAH and 86 cycles with thinning LAH, were carried out. (bvsalud.org)
  • We have now used interspecies intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to mimic the events of normal fertilization and investigate whether species differences in the oocyte environment or sperm composition determines the extent of male pronuclear demethylation. (pnas.org)
  • Several factors have been suggested to attribute to the reduction in superovulation response e.g. the refractoriness of the ovaries if superovulation is repeated within an interval of 2 to 6 months and the formation of gonadotrophin antibodies following successive superovulation (Nuti et al . (scielo.org.za)
  • As a possible alternative to the need for induction of superovulation the possibility now exists to recover immature oocytes from unstimulated ovaries. (gfmer.ch)
  • As women age, two factors are of primary importance in the decline in their fertility: the ovarian factor, concerning the supply of eggs in a woman's ovaries, and the uterine factor, concerning the part of the body where the fertilized egg is to develop. (nybooks.com)
  • IVF is an established treatment for many forms of infertility where an egg or eggs are extracted from the ovary or ovaries of a woman and mixed or injected with human sperm in the laboratory to achieve fertilization. (familyfertility.com)
  • This is because of the fact that superovulation cannot improve the quality of eggs within the ovaries. (ucsfivf.org)
  • At home, you or your partner injects you with gonadotropin or follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to make your ovaries produce multiple eggs ( superovulation ). (healthwise.net)
  • Women who decide to freeze their eggs for future use will first undergo a range of medical tests, followed by two to four weeks of hormone treatment to stimulate the ovaries (superovulation) to produce multiple follicles/eggs. (deepdyve.com)
  • Fallopian tube plays an important role in reproductive process as the fertilization place of sperm and eggs and the transport channel of fertilized eggs [ 1 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Tubectomy as a mature therapy can significantly improve the pregnancy outcome of patients with hydrosalpinx while easily injuring the arteries of fallopian tube-mesovarium which may affect ovarian blood flow and reduce ovarian reserve function and superovulation response [ 9 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • IVF was originally devised to bypass the need for a healthy fallopian tube, where the sperm and egg normally meet for fertilization. (inciid.org)
  • It is also critical that fallopian tubes where initial fertilization takes place for the embryo to form, to be free of obstructions. (ucsfivf.org)
  • About 15% of infertility is due to blocked fallopian tubes, which can interfere with egg fertilization or stop a fertilized egg from reaching the uterus. (fertilitytreatmentcenter.com)
  • Each month, between puberty and menopause, one egg (usually) fully matures and starts its journey down the fallopian tubes in the anticipation of fertilisation. (ferring.com)
  • Fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization . (conehealth.com)
  • The tility may have other fertility problems (e.g., male factor) in consequences of undiagnosed infertility factors can be moredetrimental to women who have limited time to achieve asuccessful pregnancy. (medicpdf.com)
  • Fertility Problems: Should I Have a Tubal Procedure or In Vitro Fertilization? (conehealth.com)
  • If any of these factors are revealed to be less than perfect in a semen analysis, male fertility may be compromised. (fertilitytreatmentcenter.com)
  • Infertility seems to have increased in the past decade, yet this may be related to the following factors: voluntary delay in childbearing with an age-correlated decline in fertility status, use of contraceptive techniques, increased number of sexual partners with an increased risk of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases, and an increasing willingness to obtain medical assistance for infertility. (glowm.com)
  • regulating fertility hormones - stress and other factors can disrupt the function of the hypothalamic pituitary-ovarian axis (HPOA). (acupuncture.org.uk)
  • Some of these fertility factors are easy to control, others may require the help of a doctor or health-care professional. (momtastic.com)
  • Pregnancy is the the only valid end point but this depends also on female fertility (cf II), and can be disturbed by the 'non paternity' factor in about 5% of cases (Mc Intyre, Lancet 338:870,1991). (gfmer.ch)
  • A woman's age and duration of trying to conceive are both primary factors in deciding when to seek consultation with a fertility specialist. (womenshealthmatters.ca)
  • Embryonic mortality during the pre- and post-implantation periods of pregnancy in mature mice after superovulation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Risk factors age 25 to 29, 15% at age 30 to 34, 30% at age 35 to 39, and for early loss of ovarian reserve include smoking, family 64% at age 40 to 44 Similarly, a sharp decline in history of premature ovarian failure, significant ovarian pa- pregnancy rate with advancing female age is noted with thology, and previous ovarian surgery. (medicpdf.com)
  • 10. Piette C, de Mouzon J, Bachelot A, Spira A. In-vitro fertilization: influence of women's age on pregnancy rates. (mdedge.com)
  • 11. Dicker D, Goldman JA, Ashkenazi J, Feldberg D, Shelef M, Levy T. Age and pregnancy rates in in vitro fertilization. (mdedge.com)
  • 18. Lutjen P, Trounson A, Leeton J, Findlay J, Wood C, Renou P. The establishment and maintenance of pregnancy using in vitro fertilization and embryo donation in a patient with primary ovarian failure. (mdedge.com)
  • Superovulation does double or triple the pregnancy rates but also the number of multiple pregnancies. (news-medical.net)
  • In addition to the potential for multiple pregnancy, spontaneous conception during in vitro fertilization (IVF) can lead to undesired genetic outcomes. (stanford.edu)
  • The main factor that increases your chances of having a multiple pregnancy is the use of infertility treatment, but there are other factors. (reproductivefacts.org)
  • In most cases absence of fertilization or implantation has been held responsible for the absence of pregnancy and consequentially IVF is deemed as a logical choice of treatment. (hindawi.com)
  • Most clinical trials to date suggest that acupuncture may be useful in the embryo transfer stage of in vitro fertilisation, and results in an increased pregnancy rate and a greater number of live births (Cheong 2008, Manheimer 2008, Kong 2009, Chen 2009, Smith 2006, Westergaard 2006), though there have been exceptions (Domar 2009) (see Table overleaf). (acupuncture.org.uk)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) refers to a procedure designed to overcome infertility and produce a pregnancy as a direct result of the intervention. (chawlanursinghome.com)
  • Children born effects of marijuana and pregnancy in vitro fertilization (IVF). (myartyshow.com)
  • Second Week of Pregnancy - Fertilisation of egg takes place by the top of this week. (myartyshow.com)
  • Another one evaluated pregnancies achieved by in vitro fertilization and found that multiple variables including maternal age, duration of infertility, GS diameter, CRL, HR, and YS, predicted an early pregnancy loss better than each individual parameters 10 . (nature.com)
  • A trial of superovulation in ovum donors undergoing uterine lavage. (mdedge.com)
  • The SOIUI programme enhances conception by increasing the number of eggs available to be fertilised which may then improve the internal environment of the pelvis for fertilisation and implantation of the embryo while the sperm preparation would select the motile fraction of the sperms to be placed into the uterine cavity, bypassing the cervix and finally by choosing the optimal time for the insemination. (noelleong.com)
  • Effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) on steroid production by bovine granulosa cells were determined. (ubc.ca)
  • Some studies stated that high level of VEGF increase granulosa cell apoptosis and affect follicle development, low oocyte maturity, fertilization rate and embryo implantation. (ispub.com)
  • During these steps, the male partner's sperm is mixed with the 'best' of the retrieved eggs, to encourage fertilization under controlled conditions. (news-medical.net)
  • Superovulation of immature hypothyroid rdw rats by thyroxine therapy and the development of eggs after in vitro fertilization. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Fertilization of rat eggs in vitro by epididymal spermatozoa and the development of eggs following transfer. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Using this technology, women can now realistically consider collecting and storing their young eggs for years, to be used at the desired later time by ICSI fertilization and transfer two to three days later of the embryo into her uterus, to have one or two children-the current norm in Europe and Japan. (nybooks.com)
  • A major inconvenience for these women would be undertaking a hormonal drug-induced superovulation for one or two months in their early twenties, in order to release an adequate number of eggs for long-term storage. (nybooks.com)
  • After normal fertilization is achieved, the fertilized eggs are cultured in the laboratory for an appropriate period of time before they are placed inside a woman's uterus (womb) with the intent of making the woman pregnant. (familyfertility.com)
  • During in vitro fertilization (IVF), a woman's eggs are mixed with a man's sperm in a lab. (conehealth.com)
  • Almost a quarter of a million babies are born each year through assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures, and nearly 4 million babies have been born worldwide using a remarkable technique that combines sperm and eggs outside the body, known as in vitro fertilization (IVF). (inciid.org)
  • During in vitro fertilization (IVF), eggs and sperm are brought together in a laboratory glass dish to allow the sperm to fertilize an egg. (healthwise.net)
  • About 2 to 5 days after fertilization, the best fertilized eggs are selected. (healthwise.net)
  • Superovulation with hormones requires regular blood tests, daily injections (some of which are quite painful), frequent monitoring by your doctor, and harvesting of eggs. (healthwise.net)
  • Consequently, there are several techniques that would ensure fertilisation based on the laboratory assessments of the sperm and eggs. (healthriskfood.com)
  • The choice of treatment can also depend on if the couple has had previous failures to achieve fertilization in an IVF treatment cycle and other factors such as failure of sperm to bind to the zona pellucida of the oocytes. (gfmer.ch)
  • ECTORS F.J., VANDERZWALMEN P., TOUATI K., BECKERS J.F. and ECTORS F. In vitro maturation and fertilization of bovine oocytes. (ivf.at)
  • Decreased expression of CD9 in bovine oocytes after cryopreservation and the relationship to fertilization capacity. (nih.gov)
  • Cryotolerance of porcine blastocysts is improved by treating in vitro matured oocytes with L-carnitine prior to fertilization. (edu.au)
  • Assisted reproduction disregards the physiological role of salpinx during reproduction and has thus generated a minimal or absent interest for tubal diseases in women referred to IVF, a fact confirmed by the paucity of evidences available on this topic if compared with a large amount of literature continuously produced on ovarian response, oocytes/embryo quality and endometrial factor. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Apoptotic rate negatively correlates with the quality of oocytes, and further affects fertilization rate and the number of embryo. (ispub.com)
  • Severe oligospermia, obstruction of efferent duct system in male, presence of sperm antibodies, congenital absence of both vasa efferentia and vasa deferentia in male, failure of fertilization in IVF, hardened zona pellucida unexplained infertility, etc. (yourarticlelibrary.com)
  • But there is a decreased fertilisation rate in case of antispermhead antibodies (cf supra) and ICSI is usually more successful (Mazumdar, F St,70:799,1998). (gfmer.ch)
  • Autoimmune factors include lupus-like anticoagulant antibodies, antiphospholipid antibodies, antithyroid antibodies and low levels of leukocyte antibodies. (inciid.org)
  • Alloimmune factors include elevated levels of natural killer cells, embryotoxity and low levels of leukocyte antibodies. (inciid.org)
  • In one population based study, older patients were found to be more likely to have "unexplained" and tubal factor infertility, while younger women are more likely to have ovulatory dysfunction or endometriosis( 3 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The technique adopted for the treatment of a male factor patient should attempt to utilize the least drastic measure of invasion on the oocyte. (gfmer.ch)
  • The importance of female age lies in the well-established reduction in oocyte quality as age increases, which is not offset by overcoming barriers to fertilization. (news-medical.net)
  • increasing egg production (Jin 2009) and improving oocyte quality (Chen 2009), which could increase the chance of fertilisation. (acupuncture.org.uk)
  • After fertilization, the sperm and egg genomes are remodeled into pronuclei, which appose within the oocyte cytoplasm before the first embryonic mitosis. (pnas.org)
  • The success of IVF is determined by all process from the beginning of the preparation phase, controlled ovarian stimulation, oocyte retrieval, fertilization, the number of embryo produced, to the process of embryo transfer into the uterus. (ispub.com)
  • 3 Whether VEGF positively or negatively correlates with the number and oocyte quality, fertilization rate, and the number of embryo produced is still debatable. (ispub.com)
  • Oocyte maturation (IVM) provides prevailed in clinical configurations since 19912 and will be offering some advantages weighed against traditional controlled ovarian hyperstimulation in ART cycles, including reduced probability of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, much improved outcome for patients with ovarian dysfunction, and an alternative solution way for patients who are sensitive to Mirabegron IC50 gonadotropins or suffered from other diseases that produce superovulation impossible. (exposed-skin-care.net)
  • In the fertilisation process, sperm with haploid nuclear genomes enter the oocyte and integrate using the haploid nuclear genome from the oocyte, forming a zygote using a diploid nuclear genome. (exposed-skin-care.net)
  • These patients have a limited ovarian reserve and do not respond well to conventional superovulation with gonadotropin injections. (drmalpani.com)
  • Can repeated superovulation and embryo recovery in Boer goats limit donor participation in a MOET programme? (scielo.org.za)
  • This study evaluated the effect of repeated superovulation and embryo recovery in 15 Boer goat does. (scielo.org.za)
  • Several findings concerning the effect of repeated superovulation and embryo recovery have been reported in goat breeds. (scielo.org.za)
  • This study evaluated the effect of repeated superovulation on the ovarian response and embryo recovery rates of South African Boer goat does. (scielo.org.za)
  • In 1977, the British scientists Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe successfully carried out an in vitro fertilization ( IVF ), the process by which an egg is fertilized outside the body-ex utero-and the embryo is transferred into a woman's uterus several days later. (nybooks.com)
  • The impact of the woman's age on the success of standard and donor in vitro fertilization. (mdedge.com)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the joining of a woman's egg and a man's sperm in a laboratory dish. (medlineplus.gov)
  • These results may have significant implications for placental development and neonatal outcomes following human in vitro fertilization. (escholarship.org)
  • Embryo implantation after human in vitro fertilization: importance of endometrial receptivity. (mdedge.com)
  • Factors affecting embryo implantation after human in vitro fertilization: a hypothesis. (mdedge.com)
  • In Recent progress in human in vitro fertilization. (ivf.at)
  • In an insightful book, The XX Factor , 1 Alison Wolf describes the way some of these changes in reproductive technology, particularly the Pill, have affected the lives of many well-educated and relatively affluent women: especially those who are now able to avoid unplanned pregnancies and who have successfully pursued careers in previously male-dominated professions. (nybooks.com)
  • In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is the most common and effective type of assisted reproductive technology to help women become pregnant. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) and other "high tech" procedures are now referred to as the assisted reproductive technologies (ART). (cincinnatifertility.com)
  • Some of the factors that may contribute to the etiology of unexplained infertility are inability to identify the subtle reproductive abnormalities, endocrine/genetic/immunological disorders, minimal/mild endometriosis, and compromised ovarian and natural fecundability that may be less than normal. (cmijournal.org)
  • Assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) also contribute to the multiple birth rate. (reproductivefacts.org)
  • Although it is widely believed that ANPEP acts as an important angiogenesis regulatory factor, there are few studies about its function in the female reproductive system. (usda.gov)
  • In our previous research, we applied Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation (iTRAQ) to analyze the influence of different controlled superovulation treatments for Assisted Reproductive Technology, In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer (IVF-ET)) patients from a global proteomic perspective to search for potential biomarkers associated with endometrium receptivity and embryo implantation. (usda.gov)
  • Factors analysis and genetic parameter estimation of female reproductive traits in pigs]. (nih.gov)
  • Through close collaborations with highly skilled researchers and surgeons, the work carried out by Winston at the reproductive group at Hammersmith Hospital, and subsequently the Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, has revolutionized in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and the treatment of female reproductive diseases. (robertwinston.org.uk)
  • Early collaborators and the birth of modern IVF - Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the work of the reproductive group at Hammersmith Hospital revolutionized in vitro fertilisation (IVF), leading to its place as one of the most successful units in the world. (robertwinston.org.uk)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a form of assisted reproductive technology where an egg and sperm are fertilized in the laboratory and then returned to the uterus as an embryo, a procedure that has many potential applications. (womenshealthmatters.ca)
  • Some of those infertile couples require in vitro fertilization (IVF) in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinic. (ispub.com)
  • Reproductive performance of livestock is determined by four factors containing genetic merit, physical environment, management and nutrition. (ac.ir)
  • Nutritional factors are perhaps the most crucial ones, in terms of their direct effects on reproductive performance. (ac.ir)
  • Helped reproductive technology (Artwork) has continued to be one of the better options for infertile lovers to acquire offspring because the initial baby conceived by fertilisation technology was created in 19781. (exposed-skin-care.net)
  • The bovine granulosa cell culture system developed in the present study can be used for the further studying the effects of hormones, growth factors and their interactions on bovine granulosa cells. (ubc.ca)
  • Now in UCD School of Medicine & Medical Science, I am focusing on live cell imaging and molecular analysis of the bovine oviduct during the oestrus cycle to elucidate mechanisms involved with successful fertilisation. (ucd.ie)
  • The intrinsic pathway can also be induced by a lack of growth factors, hormones, and cytokines that inhibit cell death. (ispub.com)
  • Modification of behavioural oestrus in the ewe by social and hormonal factors. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Oestrus synchronisation and superovulation alter the cervicovaginal mucus proteome of the ewe. (edu.au)
  • Oestrus synchronisation and superovulation alter the production and biochemical constituents of ovine cervicovaginal mucus. (edu.au)
  • In vitro fertilization techniques were initially adopted for the treatment of couples in which the female suffered from inoperable tubal blockage. (gfmer.ch)
  • Embryo cryopreservation-the preservation of a fertilized egg by freezing-had been widely used, especially by infertile couples trying to conceive using IVF fertilization. (nybooks.com)
  • The management options depend on various factors such as age of woman, duration of infertility, couples' preferences, and the health-care setting. (cmijournal.org)
  • Couples who can consider the SOIUI programme include those with mild sperm factor infertility, cervical factor, sexual dysfunction, unexplained infertility and donor sperm insemination. (noelleong.com)
  • Couples with unexplained infertility who do not get pregnant during several cycles of superovulation plus IUI are often quite successful with an IVF procedure. (inciid.org)
  • At times couples are found struggling because of the male factor and here superovulation is quite effective. (ucsfivf.org)
  • Couples with male infertility (n = 86), idiopathic infertility (n = 68), and cervical mucus hostility (n = 48) of a long duration were treated either by in vitro fertilization (IVF) or artificial insemination with husband's semen (AIH). (meta.org)
  • Male factor infertility is involved in approximately 50% of infertile couples, and in 30% of the cases, an abnormality is discovered solely in the man. (glowm.com)
  • It includes a thorough evaluation not a detailed questionnaire, which has been prepared to bring all the possible factors that could cause infertility in couples. (healthriskfood.com)
  • On the basis of literary data and of own experience the author deals with protocols concerning hyperstimulation in the in vitro fertilization and embryonic transfer cases as well as with the endocrine monitoring of superovulatory cycles. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In-vitro fertilization is ideal for women who have not been able to become pregnant through regular unprotected intercourse or after 12 cycles of artificial insemination. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Whether you're just thinking about having a baby or have already started trying, it's important to keep in mind that many factors affect the odds of your getting pregnant and becoming a parent . (momtastic.com)
  • Insemination procedures can improve your chances of becoming pregnant, especially when combined with superovulation treatment. (firmhospitals.com)
  • Fertilisation may be the first step in embryonic advancement, and dynamic adjustments of essential genes might potentially improve assisted duplication techniques efficiency in this procedure. (exposed-skin-care.net)
  • DEMOUSTIER M., BECKERS J.F., VANDERZWALMEN P., CLOSSET J. and ECTORS F. Determination of Porcine plasma follitropin levels during superovulation treatment in cours. (ivf.at)
  • GnRHa is less potent at inducing ovarian vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), but may also affect endometrial angiogenesis and early placental development. (escholarship.org)
  • ABSTRACT: Variations in Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) levels were prospectively evaluated in 18 young women undergoing in vitro fertilization treatments according to the "Long Protocol" and a typical pattern of VEGF levels was recorded. (scirp.org)
  • The platelet counts and treatment were factors associated with bleeding events in multivariate analysis. (jove.com)
  • The techniques utilized in the treatment of male factor infertility are dependent on the severity of semen parameters. (gfmer.ch)
  • BACKGROUND: This study was performed to establish whether the ovarian hormone beta-estradiol has any influence on nasal physiology when manipulated during in vitro fertilization treatment. (biomedsearch.com)
  • METHODS: Women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment at the Assisted Conception Unit, Leicester Royal Infirmary, were recruited. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Many women going through IVF (in vitro fertilization) treatment will have mild degrees of ovarian hyperstimulation with a little bit of lower abdominal swelling, discomfort, and dizziness. (drmalpani.com)
  • In view of the above factors, in a significant number of cases IUI is often the most practical treatment choice for the treating physician as well as the couple before moving on to IVF. (hindawi.com)
  • Clinical Evaluation and Treatment of Male Factor Infertility Semen Analysis Essentials for the Clinician. (moluna.de)
  • IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is the infertility treatment. (smilebabyivfs.in)
  • Treatment of idiopathic infertility, cervical mucus hostility, and male infertility: artificial insemination with husband's semen or in vitro fertilization? (meta.org)
  • Outstanding advances in technology have made in vitro fertilization (IVF) an everyday treatment for infertility. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Today attempts are made to specifically identify causes of male infertility such as immunological, infectious or hormonal factors in order to prescribe a specific treatment. (gfmer.ch)
  • Superovulation is an important treatment widely used in transgenic animals and in breeding industry. (upm.edu.my)
  • Their focus is hormonal issues and sperm quality rather than anatomical reasons for male factor infertility. (inciid.org)
  • The procedure is quite demanding in terms of timing egg retrieval and fertilization of the egg. (drmalpani.com)
  • Treatments for inducing superovulation and the endocrine aspects of cycle diagnostics in connection with the in vitro fertilization program. (biomedsearch.com)
  • How How Can You Tell Your In vitro fertilization treatments Clinic Is Worthwhile? (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • One of the leading decisions infertile patients need to make is - The way to select an excellent In vitro fertilization treatments clinic? (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • Nearly all In vitro fertilization treatments centers seem to be identical in writing, as well as their websites are very similar (because some dishonest doctors will unashamedly copy content from your website! (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • Many have happy patients - and many In vitro fertilization treatments specialists talk exactly the same talk - these quote high success and claim those are the finest! (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • Just how is really a poor patient designed to separate the wheat in the chaff and assure themself the In vitro fertilization treatments clinic he will is efficient? (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • Due to the fact the In vitro fertilization treatments cycle fails does not imply that the physician was bad or even the medical clinic was incompetent. (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • Equally importantly, these photographs are very helpful in conditions when you ought to get another opinion, in order to go to another In vitro fertilization treatments clinic. (naturehealthsuccess.com)
  • The most worrisome complication of IVF is that of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), because of superovulation. (drmalpani.com)
  • Gonadotropin surge-attenuating factor (GnSAF) is a nonsteroidal ovarian hormone produced by the granulosa cells of small antral ovarian follicles in females. (wikipedia.org)
  • Superovulation in B6D2F1 mice (age 8-10 wk) was induced by injection of 5 international units of equine chorionic gonadotropin and 5 international units of human chorionic gonadotropin 48 h later. (pnas.org)
  • However most of the studies included all the indications for IUI like mild male factor, endometriosis, anovulation, and cervical factors. (hindawi.com)
  • 1 If a male infertility factor is present, it is almost always defined by the finding of an abnormal semen analysis, although other male factors may play a role even when the semen analysis is normal. (auanet.org)
  • While the range of applications of in vitro fertilization now cover a wide spectrum, this chapter will predominantly deal with two techniques, one that is utilized to treat severe male infertility and the other used to diagnose for genetic defects in the preimplantation embryo. (gfmer.ch)
  • In a randomised trial of 100 male factor patients, that were allocated to either GIFT or tubal embryo stage transfer (TEST), Calderon et al. (gfmer.ch)
  • IVF literally means allowing fertilization of the male and female gametes (sperm and egg) to occur outside the human body. (familyfertility.com)
  • It is indicated in severe or moderate male factor infertility and in mild unexplained infertility. (news-medical.net)
  • Infertility due to anovulation or unexplained infertility is somewhat more easily treated with IUI than is endometriosis or male factor infertility. (news-medical.net)
  • Best result is obtained in unexplained infertility but the result is poor in male factor abnormality. (yourarticlelibrary.com)
  • Male factor infertility (low sperm count or low motility). (chawlanursinghome.com)
  • His interests include female and male infertility, in vitro fertilization, polycystic ovarian syndrome and management of mullerian abnormalities. (princetonivf.com)
  • Kappa statistics showed only moderate agreement between strict and clinical diagnosis of endometriosis, male, and tubal factor. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Our results suggest that the murine demethylation process is facilitated either by a sperm-derived factor or by male pronuclear chromatin composition. (pnas.org)
  • For male factor infertility, though this is a controversial area, especially for the common problem of oligospermia (a low sperm count). (firmhospitals.com)
  • Clinics must have access to a urologist who specializes in diagnosing and treating male factor problems. (inciid.org)
  • Critical in diagnosing/treating male factor. (inciid.org)
  • Various prognostic factors like age of the couple, duration of infertility, BMI, semen parameters, duration of stimulation, and endometrial thickness have been studied in the past to find their effect on success rate. (hindawi.com)
  • Embryo formed by in vivo fertilization (fusion of gametes within the female) can also be used for such transfer. (yourarticlelibrary.com)
  • For in vivo fertilization, females were mated overnight. (pnas.org)
  • In this study, we explore the effect of superovulation on endometrial angiogenesis during critical periods of gestation in a mouse model. (escholarship.org)
  • GnRHa and hCG triggers differentially disrupt the endometrial expression of key angiogenic factors during critical periods of mouse gestation. (escholarship.org)
  • This project seeks to demonstrate the clinical value of the personalised diagnosis of the endometrial factor in infertility. (stanford.edu)
  • Overall, in vitro fertilization (IVF)-related injections, monitoring, and procedures are emotionally and physically demanding of the female partner. (healthwise.net)
  • Prognostic factors in unexplained infertility include maternal age, duration of infertility, and previous obstetric history. (cmijournal.org)
  • It is important to establish robust prognostic factors which can help to formulate guidelines to make IUI more focused in its application. (news-medical.net)
  • The following study was conducted to find the prognostic factors in cases of unexplained infertility undergoing COS with IUI. (hindawi.com)
  • A high day 3 level is a poor prognostic factor. (chawlanursinghome.com)
  • Induction of superovulation by immunoneutralization of endogenous inhibin in immature rats. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This study aimed to assess the relative expression levels of genes in the RAS pathway in mice conceived using IVF, compared to natural mating with superovulation. (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • Results demonstrated that expression of the angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AGTR1), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and collagen 3 (COL3), in the myocardial tissue of IVF-conceived mice, was elevated at 3 weeks, 10 weeks, and 1.5 years of age, when compared to their non-IVF counterparts. (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • Some other approaches with involve gamete manipulations can be adopted to aid fertilisation. (healthriskfood.com)