Area Health Education Centers: Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Libraries: Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)Organization and Administration: The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Small-Area Analysis: A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.New South Wales: A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.BaltimoreOral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Skilled Nursing Facilities: Extended care facilities which provide skilled nursing care or rehabilitation services for inpatients on a daily basis.Government Programs: Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.United StatesWorld Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.MissouriHealth Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.IndiaLondonOccupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Community Mental Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.BrazilFinancing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.EnglandFamily Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Hospitals, Psychiatric: Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Great BritainHealth Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.SwedenProspective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Residential Facilities: Long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Hospitals, District: Government-controlled hospitals which represent the major health facility for a designated geographic area.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.TennesseeReproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Health Facility Administration: Management of the organization of HEALTH FACILITIES.Volunteers: Persons who donate their services.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Emergency Responders: Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Physician Impairment: The physician's inability to practice medicine with reasonable skill and safety to the patient due to the physician's disability. Common causes include alcohol and drug abuse, mental illness, physical disability, and senility.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Community Health Workers: Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.Maternal-Child Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.NorwaySpain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Facility Design and Construction: Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
According to a report by Hull NHS PCT when this new facility was proposed they said "The catchment area for the proposed ... There is a health centre next to the site, the original Health Centre dated back from the 1960s/early 70s and was of the ... The programme of works is expected to be completed by March 2011. In 2010 ownership and management of council housing in North ... as a grassed area with trees and an adventure playground. Ings Road Playing Fields have sporting facilities plus grassed area ...
Nishtha has developed a strong and committed programme for single women in the wider area. The vast majority of the women ... Therefore, they have launched a programme of health education in the villages along with primary consultation leading to ... there have very poor facilities. Since 2013 they have extended their nutrition programme to cover these schools and now they ... the children at the local school which is a self-selected catchment of the poorest and most deprived children of the area. As ...
It was also conveniently close to a railway station and situated centrally in its catchment area and not too far from the ... St Augustine's Hospital was closed in 1993 as part of the community care programme. In 1997 development of the site for housing ... Nursing Times 72(26):996-7 W.B. Ankers 1976 A good report, but… Nursing Times 72(26):997-9 South East Thames Regional Health ... as well as new blocks and facilities for patients. Eventually there would be 2,000 patients. Although the initial building ...
Protect and develop the forest catchment area of rivers, lakes, reservoirs and all aquatic eco-systems. Meet the local ... Undertake fire prevention and control measures in and around protected areas through specific programmes. Undertake habitat ... Facilitate education and awareness creation facilities including creation of Education and interpretation centres for the ... the wide array of bio-diversity through scientific management and improve habitat conditions for improved forest health. ...
Curative, preventive and promotive services are provided to clients by the facilities in their respective catchment areas. The ... It operates four hospitals, 11 primary health care programmes, eight health centres, 13 clinics, two nurses' training colleges ... The church is the third largest in terms of number of health facilities. ... CHAG is an umbrella group that unites all the health facilities in Ghana that are owned and run by Christian churches in Ghana ...
The national River Health Programme (RHP) is used as the primary tool to monitor fish communities across South Africa. The Free ... These fish are then supplied to land owners in the Orange river catchment area to stock dams. This method is preferable to ... For those conservancies that include rivers, it offers an informal river protection facility. Bear in mind that conservancies ... At present, each province straddling the Orange-Vaal catchment area has different policies regarding the capture of yellowfish ...
These are Master and PhD programmes in basic medical sciences and in clinical postgraduate programmes supervised by the ... HTAA is a service hospital with basic teaching facilities. HTAA is also used by other kulliyyahs as well as by local private ... The use of the hospital is sealed by the Memorandum of Understanding signed with the Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH) in 1997 ... A tertiary teaching hospital is needed to serve this area with the various needs of the population. IIUM Hospital will serve ...
The catchment area for Woodbridge is wide, and includes the Orchard Estate council housing area nearby whilst also stretching ... It has facilities for boys and girls changing rooms, a fitness suite, and a dance studio. The fitness suite has revolutionary ... The school is noted for its TAFAL programme. "Teach A Friend A Language" is a scheme where pupils are encouraged to learn new ... Students may take Vocational GCSE courses in Business and/or Health & Social Care as two of their options. An Additional ...
Built in the 1950s, it has a catchment area that covers Maryport, Crosby, Dearham and Flimby, and beyond. The school has a ... The facilities within the centre serve both the school itself and the whole of the local community and surrounding district. ... Health and Social Care, Childcare, Construction, CoPE, Horticulture, Workskills, Art, Drama and Music. At Key Stage 5 The sixth ... National Healthy Schools Programme). Netherhall offers 11-18 provision. At Key Stage 4 students can choose (alongside the core ...
The tank, which has a water spread of 2,651 hectares, has a radius of 65 km (40 mi). It has a total catchment area of 329.75 ... 3. Looking after public health and hygiene by providing facilities for sanitation and drinking water. 4. Providing for ... Developed under the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) was introduced by the Government of India to accelerate ... The government is taking steps to spruce up tourist attractions in the area. Karekatte is ~1 km away from main Channagiri - ...
Studies is a pre-degree training programme aimed at producing well-trained candidates from the university's catchment areas and ... Its mission is to train medical doctors and other health personnel of high academic standard who will man the health services ... administration and admission into programmes of study. Recommend the provision of facilities for postgraduate work, regulation ... The programme is essentially for candidates who could not gain university admission through JAMB due to low Unified Tertiary ...
... and 23 percent use rain water catchments, private springs, streams or ponds. Presently there are 29 water supply facilities in ... In 2015, in Grenada, 97% of the total population had access to "improved" water, 99% in urban areas and 95% in rural areas. In ... Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (2007), Government of Grenada, Road Map towards Integrated Water Resources Management ... "WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme: Documents". www.wssinfo.org. Retrieved 2017-04-12. "WASHwatch.org - Grenada". ...
... with the exception of its more recently built sporting facilities. The rest of the area would become the school's main car park ... following the redrawing of its catchment area in 1987/88. Hitherto, Moseley School had taken a majority of its pupils from the ... He was also plagued by ill-health, finally dying, still in office, in 1981. Another period of uncertainty ensued, seemingly ... in 2009 Moseley School received the go ahead for a massive new rebuilding programme, involving the complete demolition of the ...
Principle 4: Water Cities can be used as a water catchment area by educating the inhabitants in water efficiency, promoting ... no pollution for good health, fosters resilient communities having public space networks and modern community facilities. ... Principle 10: Liveability, Healthy Communities and Mixed-Use Programmes The prime concern of the city is for affordable housing ... He further pointed out that throughout the 19th century; developing countries were more concerned of the public health impacts ...
Bwindi Community Hospital provides health care to 40,000 people in the area and to visiting tourists. Gorilla tracking is the ... The forest is an important water catchment area. With a generally impermeable underlying geology where water mostly flows ... Protected Areas and World Heritage. United Nations Environment Programme, World Conservation Monitoring Centre. September 2003 ... In the 1960s and 1970s, mountain gorillas were captured to begin a population of them in captive facilities. No baby gorillas ...
people equivalents) Pumping stations: 132 Part of catchment area drained by pumps (polder areas): 37.8% Flood plains: 23 ... flood prevention at open water courses and in the sub catchments; Maintenance of open water courses and related facilities; ... The Emscher restoration programme is planned to be ready with a first basic ecological equipment until 2020. Responsibilities ... That was resulting in severe environmental and health problems due to mining subsidence: The hard coal excavation in some ...
It works under FM 107.8 MHz a frequency which is currently extended to a catchments area of 20 km radius from the University ... Hostel facilities are available on the campus for boys and girls. Students from distant places will be given preference on a ... "Reflections" is the programme celebrated on National Science Day to bring out the talents of young minds. It popularises ... health and education. It also brings out the hidden talents of the students in and around the University campus. CRS also ...
This contains a mixture of Maths and science facilities but also a gym that is operated by Nufield Health. This block was built ... school places are allocated by the LEA based on designated catchment areas and feeder primary schools. Around 200 places are ... It was too small as soon as it was opened in 1940, because war had broken out and a massive evacuation programme was underway ( ... The Piggott School has a soldering works area, clay area, modelling areas such as making D.I.Y, a Arts Studio and a very large ...
There were few health care facilities other than local General Practitioner surgeries within the Municipality of Clarence prior ... Many previously rural areas developed into residential areas. New suburbs arose, such as Flagstaff Gully, Geilston Bay, and Old ... However its supply during wet months is ample, and the catchment at Risdon Brook Dam provides much of the city's supply. This ... In the 1950s, post-war demand for housing led the State Government to create a public housing programme, providing cheap ...
Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation estimate for 2008 based on the 2006 Demographic and Health Survey, ... Large area of the country is not put to use for agriculture due to local water scarcity or poor water quality. The nation sees ... "India - Rivers Catchment" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2016. Brown, Lester R. (19 November 2013). "India's dangerous 'food bubble ... Out of India's 3,119 towns and cities, just 209 have partial treatment facilities, and only 8 have full wastewater treatment ...
... using a Mathematics and English test and the school prioritises girls from its catchment area. Prior to 2012, the tests were ... floodlit netball/tennis courts and refurbished changing facilities as well as a community sports development programme for ... "Lisa Faulkner Plays Victoria Merrick", Holby.tv "15dyk0c32f5wa - Sustainable Health - Read My Day". Retrieved 27 October 2016 ... in Mathematics and English and the school added further priority to girls with pupil premium funding from its catchment area. ...
... and one school health clinic round-the-clock healthcare services are provided to the people living in the catchment areas. All ... Health Service Programmes Public Health Programmes Partnership Programmes Global Health Programmes Majority of the work of the ... various medical departments and numerous rural communities that previously had no access to immediate healthcare facilities. ... Baluwa Health Centre Bolde Health Centre Dapcha Health Centre Kattike Deurali Health Centre Salambu Health Centre Dhungkharka ...
The catchment area of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital covers the West Norfolk area, South Lincolnshire and North East ... "ICNARC CaseMix Programme". Retrieved 3 May 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-25055444 "MRSA Rates". BBC News. 17 January ... and the School of Nursing and Midwifery at the University of East Anglia is also a teaching hospital and offers facilities such ... Health Service JOurnal. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015. "11 trusts whose DH bailouts were converted to loans". Health ...
... though this is without taking into account variations in the character of their catchment areas. A 2007 inspection by Ofsted ... The school achieved its first two students in the inaugural year of the programme, 2008. In 2009 it had another successful ... The College is equipped with modern teaching facilities set in beautiful grounds. Both students and the general public have ... Professor of Public Health from 1979-97 at the University of Liverpool Robert James Bain Roach, national junior athletes ...
Hamersley is within the catchment area for Warwick Senior High School for students from Years 8 to 12. Hamersley's first school ... Between 1971 and 1973, reserves, public recreation areas and drainage sites were set aside in western Hamersley, and facilities ... 48,000 to the City of Stirling under its Black Spot Programme to improve the traffic flow in this area. Public transport in ... Near the centre are the 1st Hamersley Scout Group, a child health centre and the Holy Cross Anglican Church, a colonial-style ...
... (BNHH) is a 450-bed National Health Service (NHS) hospital in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England run by Hampshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. It employs around 2,800 staff. Each year it has around 47,000 admissions, sees 43,000 patients in the Emergency Department, sees around 175,000 outpatients and delivers over 2,800 babies. In 1999 BNHH became the first hospital in Europe to perform surgery using equipment operated by voice commands. In 2002 a new education centre, The Ark Centre, was opened on the hospital campus, run by the North Hampshire Medical Education Trust, a registered charity. This works in partnership with the hospital to provide many postgraduate education functions as well as running as an independent conference centre. Other partners in The Ark are the Pelican Cancer Foundation, a charity dedicated to the cure of pelvic & liver cancer by the use of precision surgical techniques, and Southampton University's nurse training facility. The ...
He studied at the Bronx High School of Science and then at the University of New York. Dropping out after a year, aged 19, he moved to Santa Cruz, California. After living on a farm for four years he decided to resume his studies in botany and horticulture at the University of California. Initially his interest in botany was focused on trees, working for three years in the arboretum of the University. He graduated in December 1978 and continued his postgraduate study at the University of Florida, after working for two years at the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens in Sarasota, Florida, where his interest in Amaryllidaceae was stimulated. His master's thesis, in 1983, was on the taxonomy of the genus Eucharis. He continued with the same subject in his doctoral studies, producing his thesis entitled "A Monograph of Eucharis and Caliphruria (Amaryllidaceae)" in 1986. He then moved to the University of Florida's Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center where he was a palm and tropical ornamental ...
Grenada gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. The Marxist-Leninist New Jewel Movement seized power in a coup in 1979 under Maurice Bishop, suspending the constitution and detaining a number of political prisoners. Among Bishop's core principles were workers' rights, women's rights, and the struggle against racism and Apartheid. Under Bishop's leadership, the National Women's Organization was formed which participated in policy decisions along with other social groups. Women were given equal pay and paid maternity leave, and sex discrimination was made illegal. Organisations for education (Center for Popular Education), health care, and youth affairs (National Youth Organization) were also established. In 1983, an internal power struggle began over Bishop's relatively moderate foreign policy approach, and on 19 October, hard-line military junta elements captured and executed Bishop and his partner Jacqueline Creft, along with three cabinet ministers and two ...
One of the key supports to the growth of PA in the eighties was the Southern office. Alan Sentkowski began the office at an outdoor education center in Savannah in 1980. The office moved to Atlanta in 1984 to take advantage of the city's central location. One of the important groups being served by the Southern office in 1984 was the Georgia Department of Youth Services. Cindy Simpson, a school psychologist who attended a PA workshop in 1981, had gone on to develop a community-based six-week program for juvenile offenders in the state. Working closely with Juvenile Judge Virgil Costley of Covington, Cindy had developed a program that used a tightly structured Adventure Based Counseling approach and infused it with academic support, parent counseling, and career counseling. An evaluation of the program from 1983 to 1986 by the Georgia DYS, showed that 94% of the youths that started the program finished and that the recidivism rate was 15% for the three years after the program. In 1984, Cindy ...
The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines a core based statistical area as one or more adjacent counties or county-equivalents having at least one urban cluster of at least 10,000 population, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties. The core based statistical areas comprise the metropolitan statistical areas and the micropolitan statistical areas. ...
... is a lake in the town of Bhimtal, in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, with a masonry dam built in 1883 creating the storage facility. It is the largest lake in Kumaon region, known as the "lake district of India". The lake provides drinking water supply and supports aquaculture with variety of fish species. There is an island at the centre of the lake which has been developed as a tourist attraction and has an aquarium. Bhimtal lake The lake and the dam are located at an elevation of 1,375 meters (4,511 ft) in Bhimtal town in the Nainital district in Uttarakhand. The lake drains a catchment area of 17.12 square kilometers (6.61 sq mi). According to geologists the origin of the lake is attributed to a number of faults which occurred due to shifting of the earth's crust. This caused blockade of the overland flows and resulted in creation of the lake. The catchment area of the lake, particularly the hills have dense forest cover; the type ...
The GIGA was founded in 1964 as the German Overseas Institute (Deutsches Übersee-Institut) by the City of Hamburg and the Hamburg business community. It was initially the umbrella organisation for the Institute of Asian Affairs, the German Orient Institute, the Institute of Latin American Affairs and the Institute of African Affairs.. In the first decade of this century the German Overseas Institute underwent a transformation that saw the previously relatively autonomous regional institutes united as the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies/Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien in 2007. Only the German Orient Institute did not take part in the fusion. However, the GIGA had already hired many of its employees.. The GIGA collaborates with numerous renowned universities, research institutes and expert associations around the world. It is represented on the boards of various academic networks, particularly those related to Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle ...
... (/lɒx ˈmɛlvɪn/ lokh-MEL-vin; Irish: Loch Meilbhe) is a lake which is internationally renowned for its unique range of plants and animals. It is located in the northwest of the island of Ireland on the border between County Leitrim (in Ireland) and County Fermanagh (in the United Kingdom). The lake covers an area of 2000 hectares and is famous for its early "run" of Atlantic salmon. In relatively pristine condition, the lake and surrounding catchment area (265 km²) is valued for its recreational, heritage and environmental values by anglers, tourists, scientists and the local community. Otter, Arctic char, and three species of trout (sonaghan, gillaroo, ferox) are among the many species that live in or around the lake. Within the catchment, the endangered globeflower, Molinia meadows and sessile oak woodlands can be found. Due to the diversity and rarity of Lough Melvin and its species, the lake has been designated as a candidate Special ...
Brazil is a city in Clay County, Indiana, United States. The population was 7,912 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Clay County. It is part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. The current chief executive of Brazil is Mayor Brian Wyndham (Democrat). In the 1840s, the owners of the farm which would later originate the city of Brazil decided to name their farm after the country of Brazil, because that country was often the subject of news at the time. The city was founded in 1866 under the name of that farm. As of now, Brazil is a part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clay county, which was formed in 1825, originally had Bowling Green as its county seat; the county seat was relocated to Brazil in 1876, following the city's incredible development. The Chafariz dos Contos (from "contos de réis", a former Brazilian currency) was given by the country of Brazil as a gift to the city, as a symbol of friendship, and was assembled in ...
Anticipating floods before they occur allows for precautions to be taken and people to be warned  so that they can be prepared in advance for flooding conditions. For example, farmers can remove animals from low-lying areas and utility services can put in place emergency provisions to re-route services if needed. Emergency services can also make provisions to have enough resources available ahead of time to respond to emergencies as they occur. People can evacuate areas to be flooded.. In order to make the most accurate flood forecasts for waterways, it is best to have a long time-series of historical data that relates stream flows to measured past rainfall events. Coupling this historical information with real-time knowledge about volumetric capacity in catchment areas, such as spare capacity in reservoirs, ground-water levels, and the degree of saturation of area aquifers is also needed in order to make the most ...
The origins of the school can be traced to West Bromwich Municipal Secondary School at the West Bromwich Institute, which opened in 1902 on Lodge Road, West Bromwich. It was funded by Sir George Kenrick. It became West Bromwich Grammar School in 1944, and moved to new buildings on Clarkes Lane in 1964. It was only a grammar school at this site for five years, becoming a comprehensive school in September 1969 when West Bromwich borough council (which merged with Warley five years later to form Sandwell) decided to make comprehensive education universal.. The Menzies buildings were used as one of the filming locations for the 1986 film Clockwise, starring John Cleese.. Manor High School opened in 1968 on the Friar Park estate, but exam results attained by school leavers were constantly low, and demand for places was falling by the 1990s as many pupils living in the catchment area chose to attend other schools.. The two schools merged in September 2010 to form ...
The river rises in the Dorset Downs at Evershot, passes through Maiden Newton, Dorchester, West Stafford and Woodsford. At Wareham it and the River Piddle, also known as the River Trent, flow into Poole Harbour via the Wareham Channel. The catchment area is 181 sq mi (470 km2), approximately one sixth of the county.. East of Dorchester the river runs over sands, clays and gravels which overlie the chalk; as the valley gradient is gentle the Frome has deposited much sediment here and thus created a broad flood plain. Historically this contained marshes and gave the name to the Durotriges, water dwellers, the Celtic tribe of Dorset. The river forms a wide, shallow ria at its estuary, Poole Harbour.. Prior to the end of the last ice age the Purbeck Hills were continuous with the Isle of Wight and the Frome would have continued east through what is now Poole Harbour and Poole Bay, into The Solent, collecting the Stour, Beaulieu, Test and Itchen, before flowing into the ...
The Round Loch of Glenhead is a small upland single basin loch in Dumfries and Galloway. It is situated within Galloway Forest Park to the west of the hill Craiglee. It forms a pair with the nearby Long Loch of Glenhead. Both lochs are of similar sizes and each have a small island. The two lochs are separated from Loch Valley and Loch Naroch to the north by the Rig of the Jarkness. The loch is drained to the southwest by Round Loch Burn, which after joining into Glenhead Burn flows into Loch Trool. The catchment of the loch, which receives around 2.3 m of precipitation per year, is 90 hectares of the slopes of Craiglee and some flatter areas nearer the loch. These are characterised by soils varying from thick peat to bare granite and tonalite. The unafforested catchment has vegetation typical of moorland blanket mires. The area is grazed by cattle in the summers only; having previously supported sheep, with periodic peat burning. The loch ...
Woman Medical Officers (WMO) were identified and approached during visits to health facilities in the study catchment areas. ... Lady Health Workers (LHWs) and Lady Health Supervisors (LHS) were identified through the office of the National LHWs Programme ... Health seeking behaviour Pregnancy Antenatal care Associated factors Pakistan Health facilities Patient acceptance of health ... Theme seven - Preferred health care providers. In emergency cases, private health facilities were often preferred if the family ...
Thirty health facilities and their surrounding catchment areas were randomised to the Child Health Intervention for Development ... Effect of integrated responsive stimulation and nutrition interventions in the lady health worker programme in Pakistan on ... Dyads must have been living in the catchment areas of designated trial health care facilities, planning to live full time in ... Health facilities were selected for the trial based on mapping of all facilities within the district and were at least 15 km ...
... the next steps are to define the population under surveillance and identify the area of coverage. ... Data sources include all health facilities within the catchment area where births occur, vital records (e.g. birth and death ... Catchment area for a population-based surveillance programme. Fig. 3.2. Catchment area for a population-based surveillance ... Catchment area for a hospital-based surveillance programme. Fig. 3.3. Catchment area for a hospital-based surveillance ...
... the estimated figure for the catchment area of the registry (comprising 11 local government areas) was 2,549,265. Oyo State is ... Cancer cases are collected from four public facilities and one private facility. Public facilities offer basic diagnostic and ... The registry is supported by the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life of Mauritius and is based in the Central Health ... USA (18 cancer registries of the SEER programme) white children. • USA (18 cancer registries of the SEER programme) black ...
Methods: We randomly assigned treatment within 74 matched pairs of health clusters--i.e., health facility catchment areas-- ... a programme aimed to deliver health insurance, regular and preventive medical care, medicines, and health facilities to 50 ... The treatment consisted of encouragement to enrol in a health-insurance programme and upgraded medical facilities. Participant ... and health facilities to 50 million uninsured Mexicans), one of the worlds largest health policy reforms of the last two ...
The Ninawa Directorate of Health has started to operate health facilities in these newly accessible areas which had been ... To assess the available resources, including the functionality of health facilities in these newly accessible areas areas of ... the Directorate of Health assessed the status of 57 primary health care centres and 2 hospitals. ... Subsequently, many families have returned to their towns and villages in these areas. ...
... gaps in womens nutrition through 60 Care Group Lead Mothers supporting 900 mothers in five health facility catchment areas ( ... Health facilities reported to programme staff that they had experienced increases in attendance for antenatal care (ANC), ... Impact on health seeking behaviours and overall health. Many KII and FGD participants noticed positive changes in health and ... programme in the local government health facilities, it was observed that most of the mothers were adolescents, who were on ...
... and use in district health offices and health facilities. During November 2014-September 2016, DITs visited all districts and ... Inaccurate data were observed primarily at the health facility level. Improvements in data management and collection practices ... of health facilities in Uganda. DITs identified gaps in awareness and processes, assessed accuracy of data, and provided on-the ... The DIT strategy offers a useful approach to enhancing the quality of health data. ...
... with reference to health facilities) and out-of-catchment areas through facility-based and outreach services. Each vaccinator ... Programme structure and management. Pakistans public health system has undergone considerable transformation with the local ... lady health workers and community midwives for immunizing children within their catchment areas, leaving vaccinators to focus ... Although static vaccination centres are housed in health facilities, close to 13% of union councils in Pakistan (the lowest ...
Purchase of land for siting of sewerage facilities in accordance with Catchment Strategies in areas where substantial growth is ... The Standardisation Programme will focus on the following priority areas: (a) Design and construction (b) Operation and ... i) Need for Nationwide Sewerage Catchment Strategy Sewerage catchment strategies have been completed for most areas. to enable ... Occupational Safety And Health Forensics 15 Safety And Health In Road Transportation 18 Safety And Health Assessment System In ...
... a woman who gives birth outside the catchment area, but who maintains a permanent residence in the catchment area, would be ... rehabilitation centres or any other health facility. Therefore, more resources are needed to ascertain all fetuses or neonates ... Hospital-based programmes collect data from births that occur in pre-selected hospitals within a well-defined geographic area. ... For example, a woman giving birth in the catchment area but residing elsewhere would not be considered a resident. Therefore, ...
Tanzanias TB and HIV programmes operate under the preventive directorate-Ministry of Health and are organized into national, ... of approximately 45 million according to the 2012 Population National Census and the studied regions reflected a catchment area ... The study involved the districts facilities where most people with TB or TB/HIV are treated. A nationwide survey of 2012 ... Health system barriers to the implementation of MDR-TB diagnosis in a public health care settings ...
Reside within Counties Manukau Health catchment area. *Aged 16 upwards. *Medically able with medical potential for full ... Care is provided by an interdisciplinary team, that develops a patient-focused, goal-based treatment programme, based on the ... Rehabilitation Diagnoses: Stroke; Non-traumatic Acquired Brain Injury (those not appropriate for ABI Rehabilitation facility in ... South Auckland , Public Hospital Services , Counties Manukau Health , Counties Manukau Health Adult General Rehabilitation. ...
According to a report by Hull NHS PCT when this new facility was proposed they said "The catchment area for the proposed ... There is a health centre next to the site, the original Health Centre dated back from the 1960s/early 70s and was of the ... The programme of works is expected to be completed by March 2011. In 2010 ownership and management of council housing in North ... as a grassed area with trees and an adventure playground. Ings Road Playing Fields have sporting facilities plus grassed area ...
Totals of 1221 and 816 child/caretaker pairs attending health care facilities in Manyara, Tanzania and Kampala, Uganda, were ... impact score associated in the expected direction with childs oral diseases as with their reported health and oral health ... based on items emanating from the Child-and Family impact sections of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS), in ... would discriminate between children with and without clinically defined dental problems and reported good and bad oral health. ...
Nishtha has developed a strong and committed programme for single women in the wider area. The vast majority of the women ... Therefore, they have launched a programme of health education in the villages along with primary consultation leading to ... there have very poor facilities. Since 2013 they have extended their nutrition programme to cover these schools and now they ... the children at the local school which is a self-selected catchment of the poorest and most deprived children of the area. As ...
... annually determine absolute treatment targets for each public sector facility based on the population of its catchment area and ... Better programmes for better outcomes. Make ART access easier for patients and for health care workers ... out of health facility strategies for distributing pre-packed ART in order to help alleviate overwhelmed health facilities. We ... of stable ART patients to receive their treatment out of facility. MSF has already piloted out of facility programmes that have ...
... the economic consequences of agitation events in an in-patient psychiatric facility providing care for an urban catchment area. ... The City 128 study of observation and outcomes on acute psychiatric wards report to the NHS SDO Programme independent user ... Spain offers universal access to public health care organised by catchment areas. The catchment areas are defined by care ... and workforce capacity of the local mental health system in the catchment area were mapped before all other catchment areas in ...
15 million expansion of facilities at the Renmore hospital was told recently. ... Gerry Burke, the chief executive of the Bon Secours Galway - which has a primary catchment area of Galway, Mayo, Clare and ... "This Government has an ambitious programme of health service reforms which includes institutional reforms which will make ... we have consistently pursued an investment programme that has focused on organic growth, ensuring facilities and accommodation ...
The beneficiaries identified by CNPs from their catchment area and admitted to the outpatient therapeutic programme (OTP) are ... the current health and nutrition programme and is the direct link to RI mobile clinics and MOPH primary health care facilities3 ... The current RI health and nutrition programme is funded by UNICEF (November 2013 to June 2015 as a minimum). ... The programme aims to increase the availability, awareness, and access to emergency nutrition and health services for refugee ...
The health care staff had a positive and beneficial view of the intervention and did not feel overwhelmed by the additional ... Acceptance of these programmes by the community and involved providers is an important aspect influencing their sustainability ... Two different delivery strategies for roll-out of ITN programmes have been the focus of debate in the last years: free ... the NHD was divided into 24 clusters according to the health facilities and their catchment areas. These 24 clusters were ...
Britains walking charity working to protect and expand the places people love to walk and promote walking for health and ... Our catchment area for membership is typically Lincoln city and surrounding Lincolnshire villages. You can find details of all ... We are a friendly group providing a varied programme of over 150 led walks a year, to encourage people to get outside, discover ... For any other information about our group please send us a message using the contact this group facility above. ...
... as most malaria infections in these areas are symptomatic and onward transmission would be mitigated through health system ... This approach generalizes to providing a platform for planning rational scale-up of health systems based on locally-optimized ... Simulations predict that success of elimination campaigns in both low- and high-transmission areas is strongly dependent on ... In historically high-transmission areas, vector control and case management are crucial for limiting outbreak size, and the ...
If this is not yet routine in your practice, contact your local catchment area psychiatrist. ... 5 It seems that many individuals on depot medication seem to get this from the local mental health services and so there is ... Exercise programmes can be effective for patients with schizophrenia and can have benefits that go well beyond simple weight ... Poor dietary habits, impecunity, unreliable access to cooking facilities, an indolent lifestyle and a preference for high- ...
Expanded programme on immunizationEstimated catchment population2018CentreHospital-based programme2017OutcomesPaediatricPopulationImplementationMonitoring ProgrammeConclusionsMinistryWomen'sProvisionDisease control programmesEThekwiniDeterminantsMinimiseHealthcare programmesMalaria EradicationUNDPWomen of reproductive agePublicDistrict HospitalUNICEFGalwayComplicationsMaternal mortalityAfricaStudy2016RunoffFrameworkSecondaryServicePerceptionsEnvironmentalProvideDiseasesPrevention1960sCommitteesOccupational SafetyAimsDistrictsSystemsResearch
- EPI, Expanded Programme on Immunization. (cdc.gov)
- Burdened with limited demand and inefficient vaccination services, the recently devolved Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) faces multiple hurdles in increasing immunization volumes, improving the quality of services and ensuring timely vaccination. (who.int)
- From November 2018 to June 2019 researchers conducted a situational analysis of paediatric pneumonia in Jigawa, in order to inform the design of an intervention programme with the aim of reducing paediatric mortality in these settings. (isrctn.com)
- In this article, we have shared the UGC NET Paper-2 Social Medicine & Community Health July 2018 Previous Year Paper alongwith their answers. (jagranjosh.com)
- There were variations in the availability of specializations and the frequency in reporting of staff in each health district and/or primary health care centre. (who.int)
- Programmes will need to have a mechanism in place to ensure that fetuses/neonates identified with a congenital anomaly and reported from more than one source are not counted twice (e.g. having a report from the delivery hospital and a report from a treatment centre). (cdc.gov)
- These are North Point Shopping Centre, formerly and still locally known as Bransholme Centre, a location where a number of smaller shops can be found as well as a covered market, and Kingswood Retail Park, which is the site of a number of large major stores as well as an entertainment area including a multiscreen cinema, bowling alley and restaurants. (wikipedia.org)
- During September-December 2019, we recruited study patients with uncomplicated malaria seeking treatment at the Sovu Health Centre and Kabutare District Hospital, Huye district, Rwanda. (cdc.gov)
- Mrs Lumor said the centre would serve about 9,500 people in five communities, adding it would operate as a study centre for over 3,000 students from about 10 schools within its catchment area. (blogspot.com)
- The National Children's Research Centre at this hospital provides well equipped laboratory facilities for the investigation of the biological basis of childhood disease and has made significant progress in the development of a Clinical Research Programme. (olchc.ie)
- The unit is accredited by the Joint Advisory Group on Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (JAG) and is an approved centre for Bowel Screening under the governance of the National Screening Service - Bowel Screening Programme. (saolta.ie)
- Malaria Public Health & Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research-Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, PO Box 43640, 00100 GPO Nairobi, Kenya. (nih.gov)
- To improve access to more targeted and quality care in primary health care settings , researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)-a centre supported by the "la Caixa" Banking Foundation-and the University Institute for Primary Care Research Jordi Gol (IDIAPJGol), in collaboration with professionals from the Clínic Foundation (FCRB), have developed a computerised tool to help health professionals make decisions about screening immigrants in Catalonia . (isglobal.org)
- In British Columbia there is the Women's Hospital and Health Centre which can be found in Vancouver. (expatfocus.com)
- Also in Vancouver is the Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre. (expatfocus.com)
- In addition the Cambie Surgery Centre is a specialist clinic and offers a range of surgical facilities, dealing with both short stay and long stay patients. (expatfocus.com)
- According to the recent International Growth Centre study conducted by senior University of Cape Town researchers, this is a direct consequence of the country's heavy dependence of fossil fuels, a source of health-damaging air pollution and greenhouse pollutants. (ufs.ac.za)
- Currently, our stroke centre supports 15 hospitals in our catchment area with telestroke facilities and neurointerventional expertise. (neuronewsinternational.com)
- Integration of these elements into a coordinated hospital-based programme or system is likely to improve outcomes of patients with strokes and complex cerebrovascular disease who require the services of a dedicated stroke centre. (neuronewsinternational.com)
- Sourcebook of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in Africa (International Environmental Technology Centre - United Nations Environment Programme, 1998, 182 p. (nzdl.org)
- The idea of the community as the centre of health services delivery was advocated as far back in 1960s. (journalcra.com)
- In contrast, the source population for a hospital-based programme typically cannot be defined accurately. (cdc.gov)
- Owing to lack of resources or other restrictions, some countries may not find it feasible to start a surveillance programme as a population-based programme and might therefore choose to begin with the development of a facility-based or hospital-based programme. (cdc.gov)
- However, it is critical to understand the limitations of a hospital-based programme, and interpret any findings from such a system within those limitations. (cdc.gov)
- Our study looked at all patients with AMI who completed the phase 3 hospital-based programme over its first year. (bjcardio.co.uk)
- Our hypothesis is that child development outcomes among HIV-exposed infants will be improved through a complex early childhood stimulation (ECS) programme, and income and loans saving programme for HIV positive parents. (springer.com)
- Clinics were randomised in a 1:1 allocation ratio to the Child Health Intervention for Development Outcomes (CHIDO) intervention or Ministry of Health standard care. (springer.com)
- Adolescent girls were included in Care Groups as a pilot with the specific aim to promote optimal birth and health outcomes. (ennonline.net)
- 2 Early childbearing, as well as rapid repeat pregnancies, when a girl's body is still in the process of maturing, can lead to negative health outcomes for both mother and child, such as increased risk of obstructed labour, preterm deliveries, stillbirths, low birth weight, and maternal and neonatal mortality. (ennonline.net)
- Given that the JSY has been able to draw millions of women into facilities to give birth (there have been more than 50 million beneficiaries thus far), it is important to study the ability of these facilities to provide emergency obstetric care (EmOC), as the functionality of these facilities is critical to improved maternal and neonatal outcomes. (beds.ac.uk)
- Increased availability of maternal health services alone does not lead to better outcomes for maternal health.The services need to be utilized first.One way to increase service utilization is to plan responsive health care services by taking into account the community's views or expressed needs. (springer.com)
- Air pollution is linked to shorter life expectancy, chronic disease, asthma exacerbation and many other health outcomes that result in absenteeism from work and school. (ufs.ac.za)
- These conflicts may severely reduce access to maternal health services and, as a consequence, lead to poor maternal health outcomes for a period extending beyond the conflict itself. (biomedcentral.com)
- On multivariate analyses, lower baseline disability scores, family engagement with the programme, medication adherence and being a member of a self-help group were independent determinants of good outcomes. (rcpsych.org)
- Lack of formal education, a diagnosis of schizophrenia and dropping out of the programme were independent determinants of poor outcomes. (rcpsych.org)
- The mobile clinics provide a variety of free services, such as consultations and treatment for acute illnesses, reporting on early warning information about morbidity (EWARN), paediatric consultations, vaccinations, essential medication and supplies, and health education. (ennonline.net)
- Children's Health Ireland at Crumlin, Crumlin is an acute paediatric teaching hospital employing approximately 1900 WTE staff. (olchc.ie)
- Research is a fundamental component of all paediatric disciplines and the provision of a specialised research facility is recognised as an integral part of a modern comprehensive children's hospital. (olchc.ie)
- Once the purposes of surveillance have been established, the next steps are to define the population under surveillance and identify the area of coverage. (cdc.gov)
- The programme may be population based or facility or hospital based (see Fig. 3.1 ). (cdc.gov)
- The coverage (geographical area) for a population-based surveillance programme can be a city, a region or an entire country. (cdc.gov)
- A population-based programme has a defined source population (typically defined by maternal residence), and all identified congenital anomalies occurring within that source population are ascertained and included, regardless of delivery site. (cdc.gov)
- Hospital-based programmes work best when they capture most of the population of interest in a geographic region. (cdc.gov)
- Thus, the denominator used to calculate prevalence in a population-based programme consists of births to resident mothers. (cdc.gov)
- Most congenital anomalies surveillance programmes use the mother's primary residence at the time of delivery or pregnancy termination to define the source population among which the cases occur. (cdc.gov)
- Fig. 3.2 illustrates an example of a population-based programme. (cdc.gov)
- The assessment also found that 73.6% of facilities were accessible to their population, with 14 inaccessible due to long distances or other physical barriers. (who.int)
- There are two main types of surveillance programmes that may be used for congenital anomalies surveillance: population-based and hospital-based programmes. (cdc.gov)
- Population-based programmes collect data from the entire population (all mothers giving birth either within or outside of a maternity facility, in a defined geographic area). (cdc.gov)
- The Government of Bangladesh implemented a five year Health and Population Sector Programme (HPSP) from 1998-2003 [ 1 ], aiming to improve health services. (springer.com)
- The catchment area was selected to represent the population structure in Oman. (bvsalud.org)
- The vast majority (87%) of IeDEA sites are public sector health facilities, including both primary-level sites (42%) and secondary/tertiary-level sites (58%) [ 22 ], thus representing a diverse population of HIV patients. (prolekare.cz)
- In these states, 11-year old insurgency has weakened the capacity of two-thirds of health facilities to respond to healthcare needs of the population. (who.int)
- Primary health facility population catchment areas are randomly allocated to receive either the intervention or control. (isrctn.com)
- Areas affected by population decline and ageing are experiencing problems in the availability of health and social services. (valtioneuvosto.fi)
- In other areas, such as the Greater Helsinki region, health and social services are dealing with pressure from population growth and a growing number of migrants. (valtioneuvosto.fi)
- ENGLISH SUMMARY : Seven point seven percent of the population in the Boland Overberg Region is HIV positive.23 Attitudes of Health Care Workers (HCWs) impact on the quality of care given to HIV positive patients. (sun.ac.za)
- Accurately defining catchment population improves the analysis of gaps in access, commodity needs and interpretation of disease incidence. (nih.gov)
- The fitted model was then applied to a population surface to predict the number of children likely to use a public health facility during an episode of fever in northern Namibia. (nih.gov)
- Total public health facility catchment population of children under the age five was estimated to be 162,286 in northern Namibia with an estimated fever burden of 24,830 children. (nih.gov)
- 6 That drops to 22% in rural Rajasthan, the setting of the present study, and was less than 2% in our study area (a disadvantaged population in rural Udaipur) at baseline (according to a more detailed survey instrument than the NFHS-3, that was less likely to overestimate full immunisation rates). (bmj.com)
- Almost half of the province's French speaking population live within the catchment area of the Montfort Hospital. (expatfocus.com)
- Department of Epidemiology Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA. (who.int)
- Large-scale armed conflict has both immediate and long-term effects on population health in low-income countries. (who.int)
- 3 Doctors, nurses and other health workers fled the country, leaving 30 physicians to serve a population of 3 million. (who.int)
- 4 Outside Monrovia, where humanitarian agencies provided some services, most of the population has little or no access to health care. (who.int)
- The adult:child ratio (ACR) of malaria admissions is a simple tool we have used to assess the degree of functional immunity in the catch- ment population of a health facility. (cdc.gov)
- I, malaria encroached into these highland communities as a for understanding the epidemiology of malaria and consequent result of wide-scale population settlement linked to transport strategic approaches to disease management and prevention in and agricultural development (2-6), and malaria epidemics this area. (cdc.gov)
- Providing a precise catchment area of the population for ant, "highland malaria," demanding special attention in the admission's data was not possible as such information is not new global commitment to Roll Back Malaria (27-29). (cdc.gov)
- This activity is being carried out through an existing CBM-supported Mental Health programme and involves adaptation of WHO training materials on psychological first aid and training of health workers to effectively provide psychosocial support to individuals and population groups in need . (cbm.org)
- Dr Julian Eaton , Psychiatrist and CBM Mental Health Advisor for West Africa, tells us more about the mental health programme and its role in responding to psychosocial needs of the population in Sierra Leone. (cbm.org)
- In Kebbe LGA, Phase II of an ECHO funded programme focused on addressing gaps in women's nutrition through 60 Care Group Lead Mothers supporting 900 mothers in five health facility catchment areas (due to funding cuts, implementation was for three rather than the intended six months). (ennonline.net)
- District and health facilities visited during post-implementation follow-up which showed evidence of visit from DIT. (cdc.gov)
- This is the community Health Implementation guideline for CHS Kenya. (slideshare.net)
- Benefits of decentralisation identified in various countries include higher regional and local authority, accountability, improved implementation of health care strategies based on need, greater efficiency, and increased responsiveness to community requirements [ 8 - 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- As more countries look to scale up CHW programmes or shift additional tasks to CHWs, it is critical to pay attention to the elements that affect CHW productivity during programme design as well as implementation. (springer.com)
- A lack of resources for research and a lag in policy implementation slows down intervention strategies and poses a challenge to advancing future health in Africa. (nih.gov)
- Prevention and restoration of degraded lands in and around mines through implementation of Catchment Area Treatment Plants for soil and water erosion. (sail.co.in)
- Further more, section 8e outlines the role of the Authority "to liaise with other bodies, both corporate and unincorporated, involved in the provision of services to persons with disabilities and to facilitate and support the development and implementation of appropriate standards for programmes and services for persons with disabilities. (nda.ie)
- Table A.1 and A.2 in Appendix A lists names and addresses of organisations that were consulted for information on each monitoring programme and associate database. (europa.eu)
- Some of the monitoring programmes included in the metadatabase come from one international agreement or convention, but have been divided into different records in the metadatabase according to their different type of data (e.g. the record on PARCOM activities is different from that on the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) and the different international programmes from the UN/ECE Convention on the Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution each have different records). (europa.eu)
- Our approach is multi-faceted, including the analysis of data from the CEH Cumbrian Lakes monitoring programme and further afield, modelling, and experimentation in order to provide robust advice for lake management. (ceh.ac.uk)
- We lead the Thames Initiative , an integrated monitoring programme for water quality and ecological research across the River Thames catchment and are also responsible for the Wallingford Nutrient Chemistry Laboratories. (ceh.ac.uk)
- The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
- General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 2 ICOVED Project Director, Directorate General of Health Services, Dhaka, Bangladesh. (who.int)
- RI also has in place a referral system to UNHCR and the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health's secondary or tertiary health facilities that ensure a rapid medical response 2 and care of SGBV survivors who require a more specialised assistance. (ennonline.net)
- 2. ii Taking KEPH to the Community THIS PUBLICATION is one of a series that the Ministry of Health will produce to support the achievement of the goals of the second National Health Sector Strategic Plan, 2005-2010 (NHSSP II). (slideshare.net)
- With this challenge ringing in our ears, and a mandate from the Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) to revise our 2014 annual plan (COP), CDC and the other US Government (USG) agencies utilizing PEPFAR funding in Malawi, sat down to plan how to better work with the Ministry of Health and gain control over the HIV epidemic. (cdc.gov)
- Republic of Liberia Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Monrovia, Liberia. (who.int)
- In response to the post-war health challenges, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, with assistance from donors and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), embarked on rebuilding the health system. (who.int)
- 10 The ministry partnered with a large group of international and national NGOs to deliver a basic package of health services. (who.int)
- Through initiatives by the Botswana Ministry of Health and various strategic partnerships, strides have been made in treatment of pre-invasive and invasive cancer. (frontiersin.org)
- The Mental Health Coalition has been engaging from the beginning of the outbreak with the response pillars of both, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Social Welfare, to ensure that the mental health component of the outbreak is not neglected and that local actors are taken into consideration. (cbm.org)
- Ethics approval received from the National Health Sciences Research Committee based at the Ministry of Health in Malawi on the 11th April 2008 (ref: 528). (isrctn.com)
- The project is a collaboration project between the University of Gezira, which aims to provide a 2-year master's programme in family medicine for practicing doctors, and the Ministry of Health, which facilitates service provision and funds the training programme. (springer.com)
- During pregnancy, the choice of provider and facility is often dependent on women's social and physical environment. (springer.com)
- In Burundi, the community voice to express views on maternal health services is encountering obstacles and needs to be strengthened,especially the women's voice. (springer.com)
- Therefore women's opinions and needs have important consequences for the acceptance, use and readiness to maintain new water supplies and for the health impact of the supply and for the ultimately of the project. (practicalaction.org)
- Women's participation in catchment committees is mainly administrative. (practicalaction.org)
- Exposure to armed conflict affects women's utilisation of these services mainly through impeding women's health seeking behaviour and community perception of health services. (biomedcentral.com)
- The factors identified cut across the individual, socio-cultural, and political and health system spheres, and the main determinants include women's fear of developing pregnancy-related complications, status of women empowerment and support at the household and community levels, removal of user-fees, proximity to the health facility, and attitude of health providers. (biomedcentral.com)
- Improving women's uptake of MSRHS in post-conflict settings requires health system strengthening initiatives that address the barriers across the individual, socio-cultural, and political and health system spheres. (biomedcentral.com)
- We studied the availability and level of provision of EmOC signal functions in public facilities implementing the JSY programme in three districts of Madhya Pradesh (MP) state, central India. (beds.ac.uk)
- As a comparison, we also study the functionality and contribution of private sector facilities to the provision of EmOC in these districts. (beds.ac.uk)
- Eighty-six percent of childbirths occurred at programme facilities, two thirds of which occurred at facilities that did not meet standards for the provision basic emergency obstetric care. (beds.ac.uk)
- this would require provision of obstetric facilities close to every community. (who.int)
- The ministry's first aim was to expand the provision of primary health care, particularly in rural areas that were underserved even before the war. (who.int)
- 5 One of the most important barriers to appropriate service provision to people with persistent psychotic disorders is the lack of adequately trained specialist mental health personnel. (rcpsych.org)
- and highlight the research and policy implications of this study for service provision in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries. (rcpsych.org)
- Use of modern information and communication technology is used to facilitate both health service provision and training. (springer.com)
- Around 65% of all economic activity is concentrated in the metropolitan areas of the Gauteng Province and the municipalities of Cape Town, eThekwini and Nelson Mandela Bay [ 5 ]. (mdpi.com)
- nvest Durban (DIPA) is an entity of the eThekwini Municipality, recommended by the Durban City Council and organised private business as the most appropriate vehicle to stimulate economic growth and new investment in the Durban metropolitan area. (issuu.com)
- Environmental discourse in the eThekwini Municipality : the eThekwini catchments project. (ukzn.ac.za)
- Armed conflict has been described as an important contributor to the social determinants of health and a driver of health inequity, including maternal health. (biomedcentral.com)
- The impact on disability is influenced by a combination of clinical, programme and social determinants. (rcpsych.org)
- However, the characteristics of facilities (distance from the patients' homes and number of patients that can be accommodated per session) are major determinants to consider before investing in such a programme. (biomedcentral.com)
- These fieldworkers were supposed to visit routinely-once every two months-all currently married women of reproductive age within their specified catchment areas (in general, 700-800 women per worker). (guttmacher.org)
- Participants were women of reproductive age, local health providers and staff of non-governmental organizations. (biomedcentral.com)
- This approach has become inadequate, however, as the public health emphasis has changed from surveillance of laboratory-confirmed malaria infections to the early detection and treatment of the disease. (who.int)
- Since 2005, India has implemented a national cash transfer programme, the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which provides women a cash transfer upon giving birth in an existing public facility. (beds.ac.uk)
- While private, non-programme facilities have better human resources and perform caesareans, most women in the state give birth under the JSY programme in the public sector. (beds.ac.uk)
- In much of the country, this strategy was implemented through the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) programme, a conditional cash transfer targeted to women giving birth in public facilities. (beds.ac.uk)
- Despite ongoing malaria control efforts implemented throughout sub-Saharan Africa, malaria remains an enormous public health concern. (biomed.news)
- ENGLISH ABSTRACT : Background: Diabetes Mellitus and its complications have become a major public health problem around the world, with the number of patients diagnosed rising each year. (sun.ac.za)
- By sharing this learning, we hope to provide new knowledge on public health development that will help influence and advance both policy and practice. (slidesearchengine.com)
- Here, empirical household survey data on treatment seeking for fever were used to model the utilisation of public health facilities and define their catchment areas and populations in northern Namibia. (nih.gov)
- Probability of attendance of public health facilities for fever treatment was modelled against a theoretical surface of travel times using a three parameter logistic model. (nih.gov)
- Immunisation is one of the most important public health interventions, in terms of potential health impact and cost effectiveness, and has been universally recommended [ 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is an important public health problem across sub-Saharan Africa. (malariamatters.org)
- In recent years, public health emergencies such as avian influenza, drug-resistant malaria, and Ebola have brought renewed attention to the need for effective communication channels between health authorities, particularly in regional contexts where neighbouring countries share common health threats. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, little empirical research has been conducted to date to explore the range of factors that may affect the transfer, exchange, and use of public health data and expertise across borders, especially in developing contexts. (biomedcentral.com)
- To explore these issues, 60 interviews were conducted with domestic and international stakeholders in Cambodia and Vietnam, selected amongst those who were involved in regional public health programmes and networks. (biomedcentral.com)
- Notably, the International Health Regulations (2005) encourage "bilateral or multilateral agreements or arrangements" in cross-border regions to enable collective action, including "the direct and rapid exchange of public health information between neighbouring territories of different States" (Article 57). (biomedcentral.com)
- In keeping with these recommendations, regional public health initiatives have been established in several parts of the world to facilitate data and information exchange. (biomedcentral.com)
- Department of Health Policy and Management, Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, 600 W 168th Street, New York, NY, 10032, United States of America. (who.int)
- Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, New York, USA. (who.int)
- The integration of public health efforts with context-specific socio-cultural understanding is essential. (beds.ac.uk)
- However, a coordinated approach to identify and monitor these contaminants and to develop strategies for public health interventions has not yet been made. (nih.gov)
- J.D. is employed by the International Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Elimination Network (IPEN), a network of public interest nongovernmental organizations working in more than 100 countries to reduce and eliminate the harm to human health and the environment from toxic chemicals. (nih.gov)
- He imagines its tentacles reaching into communities, moving undetected past public and global health systems intended to safeguard at-risk populations, confounding and disarming those very systems. (medicusmundi.ch)
- This study aims to describe the spatial distribution of TB in the Balimo District Hospital (BDH) catchment area to identify TB patient clusters and factors associated with high rates of TB. (who.int)
- the average reported incidence of TB at Balimo District Hospital (BDH) was 727 cases per 100 000 people per year from 2014 to 2016 for people in the combined Balimo and Gogodala local level government (LLG) areas. (who.int)
- This study used spatial epidemiology of TB at Balimo District Hospital (BDH) was 727 cases techniques to (1) define the catchment area of BDH, (2) per 100 000 people per year from 2014 to 2016 for identify clustering of TB in the BDH catchment area and people in the combined Balimo and Gogodala local (3) investigate factors associated with high rates of TB. (who.int)
- Gerry Burke, the chief executive of the Bon Secours Galway - which has a primary catchment area of Galway, Mayo, Clare and Roscommon - outlined that doctors, management and staff are delighted with the new development which allows the hospital to meet the needs of its patients for the future. (advertiser.ie)
- Women stated they usually visited health facilities if they experienced pregnancy complications or danger signs, such as heavy bleeding or headache. (springer.com)
- Maternity waiting homes are residential facilities, located near a qualified medical facility, where women defined as 'high risk' can await their delivery and be transferred to a nearby medical facility shortly before delivery, or earlier should complications arise. (who.int)
- Reliance is also focusing on specific areas like addressing maternal mortality and providing support to patients suffering from chronic ailments such as AIDS and TB. (ril.com)
- Our partners in the Reducing Maternal Mortality and Morbidity (R3M) programme were invited to provide technical review. (rhsupplies.org)
- The data reported are the most extensive so far available on the incidence of cancer in sub Saharan Africa, and clearly indicate the need for more resources to be devoted to cancer registration, especially in the childhood age range, as part of an overall programme to improve the availability of diagnosis and treatment of this group of cancers, many of which have-potentially-an excellent prognosis. (ecancer.org)
- Experience emerging from this trial attests to the value of GIS in contributing to efforts to strengthen health systems in rural impoverished regions of Africa. (openaccesspub.org)
- Despite this global consensus, practical application of GIS to health systems strengthening in Africa remain rare. (openaccesspub.org)
- We describe a "call to action" to utilize the available scientific knowledge to address the impact of EDCs on human and wildlife health in Africa. (nih.gov)
- The techniques usually found in Asia and Africa arise from practices employed by ancient civilizations within these regions and still serve as a major source of drinking water supply in rural areas. (greenlivingjournal.com)
- The GFMP represents an example of a large-volume scaling-up programme of family medicine in Africa. (springer.com)
- This study aimed to understand health-seeking patterns of pregnant women in rural Sindh, Pakistan. (springer.com)
- This study set out to assess the psychometric properties of an oral health related quality of life, OHRQoL, measure, based on items emanating from the Child-and Family impact sections of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS), in Kiswahili and Luganda speaking communities. (biomedcentral.com)
- It is ambiguous whether continued transmission is due to RCD requiring more time to show impact, insufficient coverage of RCD activities, or inherent properties of the study areas limiting the impact RCD can have. (biomedcentral.com)
- This observational study identified some characteristics and reasons for visiting healthcare facilities in northern Oman. (bvsalud.org)
- Fifty percent of all those attending six general health centers in June 2005 were systematically selected for the study. (bvsalud.org)
- This study used spatial epidemiology techniques to (1) define the catchment area of BDH, (2) identify clustering of TB in the BDH catchment area and (3) investigate factors associated with high rates of TB. (who.int)
- This study uses data from the Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS) of 2009 on treatment seeking for fever among children under the age of five years to characterize facility utilisation. (nih.gov)
- The aim of the present study was to identify factors contributing to inefficient management practices of district health managers and ways to improve their overall efficiency. (biomedcentral.com)
- This study concerns the contribution that the church can make to small businesses in Zimbabwe through the development of an appropriate holistic training programme for entrepreneurs. (ukzn.ac.za)
- RMD conducted a study in different areas to understand the large-scale impact of various socio-economic factors on the society, local economy, and ecology. (sail.co.in)
- The research manager will visit the health facilities prior to commencing the study and seek their permission or collaboration and participation. (isrctn.com)
- In this study a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect baseline data at the start of the project from doctors who joined the programme. (springer.com)
- 5 September 2016 - In late 2014, many areas of Ninewa governorate became accessible including the sub-districts of Sinjar, Talafar, Talkeif and Sheekhan. (who.int)
- The new unit which opened its doors on 01 June, 2016 is a modern, patient-centred facility with two procedure rooms, a first stage and second stage recovery room and a reception area. (saolta.ie)
- The Hilton area is an important catchment area for water harvesting and runoff generation, supported by the wetlands in the area. (news24.com)
- Various techniques available for increasing the runoff within ground catchment areas involve: i) clearing or altering vegetation cover, ii) increasing the land slope with artificial ground cover, and iii) reducing soil permeability by the soil compaction and application of chemicals. (greenlivingjournal.com)
- This is demonstrated in a modelling framework with strong out-of-sample accuracy across a range of transmission settings while including methodologies for understanding the most resource-effective allocations of health workers. (biomedcentral.com)
- CBM's first response to the outbreak was to redirect our efforts as much as we could, within the framework of our programme, to support the mental health and psychosocial response to the outbreak. (cbm.org)
- A mixed approach combining secondary analysis of clinical databases, surveys and expert knowledge was used to model the 2013 direct costs of agitation and containment events for adult inpatients with mental disorders in an area of 640,572 adult inhabitants in South Barcelona (Spain). (beds.ac.uk)
- In addition, one secondary government health facility is supported to ensure that medical oxygen is always available for children who are referred. (isrctn.com)
- The Adult General Rehabilitation Service provides assessment, treatment and rehabilitation for patients living in the Counties Manukau Health region. (healthpoint.co.nz)
- Over the June 2012 to December 2013 period, the Ghana Health Service (GHS) conducted a pilot application of GIS to health systems development in one rural impoverished district of the Upper East Region (UER). (openaccesspub.org)
- The aim of the programme was to provide a service that patients could attend following an admission due to fractured neck of femur to prevent further falls in the future and thus reducing readmissions. (nice.org.uk)
- The DHB elderly service had noted considerable variability between rest homes in their catchment area in the number and reasons for hospital admissions. (nzma.org.nz)
- In Ghana, decentralisation was initiated following the Ghana Health Service (GHS) and Teaching Hospital Act (Act 525) in 1996, which involved de-concentration of authority to the RHAs and DHAs in the country [ 6 , 7 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- CHWs are frequently called upon to address a number of essential service delivery needs, including maternal and child health, family planning, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), malaria, and environmental health. (springer.com)
- There are a number of key areas supported by evidence-based medicine necessary for a high-level interventional stroke service. (neuronewsinternational.com)
- It got to the point where Stagecoach was considering scrapping the service - the area's main bus route and one of only a handful serving it - altogether. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- Norway and the United Kingdom are examples of countries using mainly in-service training programmes for family physicians. (springer.com)
- A demand-side programme such as the JSY will only be effective alongside an adequate supply side (i.e., a facility able to provide EmOC). (beds.ac.uk)
- Forests and grasslands ensure rainfall catchment, provide good soil to grow our food and help to modulate extreme temperatures. (news24.com)
- This research survey is carried out with the support of the Marine Institute, funded under the Marine Research Programme 2014-2020 by the Government to support and promote the Atlantic Ocean Research Alliance , which facilitates common research and knowledge exchange for us to provide healthy, resilient oceans for our future generations. (afloat.ie)
- Compared to rooftop catchment techniques, ground catchment techniques provide more opportunity for collecting water from a larger surface area. (greenlivingjournal.com)
- That was very interesting and gave her a good insight into local diseases and the facilities available to treat them. (wikipedia.org)
- Multiple variable logistic- and Poisson regression analyses revealed that the Kiswahili and Luganda versions of the Child- and Family impact score associated in the expected direction with child's oral diseases as with their reported health and oral health status. (biomedcentral.com)
- 2 ] The Learning Papers Series Since starting operations in 2003, Malaria Consortium has gained a great deal of experience and knowledge through technical and operational programmes and activities relating to the control of malaria and other infectious childhood and neglected tropical diseases. (slidesearchengine.com)
- Health professionals' lack of familiarity with the medical conditions that may affect migrants before they reach our shores can be an obstacle to the detection of certain diseases and conditions in these populations. (isglobal.org)
- The alerts warn doctors of possible infectious diseases -including hepatitis B and C, active tuberculosis, HIV infection, Chagas disease, schistosomiasis and strongyloidiasis-as well as the risk of mental health problems and female genital mutilation . (isglobal.org)
- Health committees and suggestion boxes were introduced by the government to channel the community's views. (springer.com)
- Participants represented all members of catchment committees in addition to Elgandual staff members and HAC representatives. (practicalaction.org)
- The next step will be to hold a workshop in Kassala with representatives of IWRM committees at the catchment level and partners to identify the objectives of the network. (practicalaction.org)
- Nineteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with district health managers in three districts of the Eastern Region in Ghana. (biomedcentral.com)
- Kenyan government has recently defined 15 districts in the were defined for three contiguous administrative areas, as highlands (31,32) as being prone to epidemics, meriting close close to the hospital as possible, which had not been subjected inspection, preparation, and intervention (33). (cdc.gov)
- Two different delivery strategies for roll-out of ITN programmes have been the focus of debate in the last years: free distribution and distribution through commercial marketing systems. (biomedcentral.com)
- This approach generalizes to providing a platform for planning rational scale-up of health systems based on locally-optimized impact according to simplified stratification. (biomedcentral.com)
- Conclusion Patient-led active tuberculosis case-finding represents a valuable complement to traditional case-finding, and should be used to assist health systems in the elimination of tuberculosis. (who.int)
- Efforts to improve health systems functionality require geographic data that visualize the areal distribution of the burden of disease. (openaccesspub.org)
- The collapse of health systems, which suffer from flight of health workers, looting and physical destruction of facilities, exacerbates this indirect mortality. (who.int)
- Efforts in the PMTCT programmes to supplement existing support systems, e.g. through the mothers-to-mothers (M2M) programme or consultation with expert mothers may also help women overcome these challenges. (beds.ac.uk)
- The listing of agitated behaviours varies across studies, types of disorders and assessment instruments, making this an area of research prone to information bias. (beds.ac.uk)
- Nationally-driven funding and research was severely, in some areas completely, curtailed. (scielo.org.za)
- An Introduction to Rainwater Harvesting Hari Srinivas The Global Development Research Center http://www.gdrc.org Rainwater harvesting is a technology used for collecting and storing rainwater from rooftops, the land surface or rock catchments using simple techniques such as jars and pots as well as more complex techniques such as underground check dams. (greenlivingjournal.com)