Jaw Fixation Techniques: The stable placement of surgically induced fractures of the mandible or maxilla through the use of elastics, wire ligatures, arch bars, or other splints. It is used often in the cosmetic surgery of retrognathism and prognathism. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p636)Tissue Expansion Devices: Devices used to generate extra soft tissue in vivo to be used in surgical reconstructions. They exert stretching forces on the tissue and thus stimulate new growth and result in TISSUE EXPANSION. They are commonly inflatable reservoirs, usually made of silicone, which are implanted under the tissue and gradually inflated. Other tissue expanders exert stretching forces by attaching to outside of the body, for example, vacuum tissue expanders. Once the tissue has grown, the expander is removed and the expanded tissue is used to cover the area being reconstructed.Bone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Bone Plates: Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)Orbital Diseases: Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.Tissue Expansion: A procedure whereby the body is stimulated to generate extra soft tissue by the application of stretching forces that stimulate new growth of tissue which, over a period of time, results in a 2-dimensional expansion of the tissue. The procedure is used in reconstructive surgery for injuries caused by trauma, burns, or ablative surgery. Various types of TISSUE EXPANSION DEVICES have been developed that exert stretching forces.Orthopedic Fixation Devices: Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.Internal Fixators: Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.Dyscalculia: Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.Ericaceae: The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Graves Ophthalmopathy: An autoimmune disorder of the EYE, occurring in patients with Graves disease. Subtypes include congestive (inflammation of the orbital connective tissue), myopathic (swelling and dysfunction of the extraocular muscles), and mixed congestive-myopathic ophthalmopathy.Graves Disease: A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).Orbit: Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.Exophthalmos: Abnormal protrusion of both eyes; may be caused by endocrine gland malfunction, malignancy, injury, or paralysis of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Eyelid DiseasesOculomotor Muscles: The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.ArchivesFacial Nerve: The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and SALIVARY GLANDS, and convey afferent information for TASTE from the anterior two-thirds of the TONGUE and for TOUCH from the EXTERNAL EAR.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Facial Nerve Diseases: Diseases of the facial nerve or nuclei. Pontine disorders may affect the facial nuclei or nerve fascicle. The nerve may be involved intracranially, along its course through the petrous portion of the temporal bone, or along its extracranial course. Clinical manifestations include facial muscle weakness, loss of taste from the anterior tongue, hyperacusis, and decreased lacrimation.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Vibrissae: Stiff hairs projecting from the face around the nose of most mammals, acting as touch receptors.Neuroma, Acoustic: A benign SCHWANNOMA of the eighth cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE), mostly arising from the vestibular branch (VESTIBULAR NERVE) during the fifth or sixth decade of life. Clinical manifestations include HEARING LOSS; HEADACHE; VERTIGO; TINNITUS; and FACIAL PAIN. Bilateral acoustic neuromas are associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p673)Man-Machine Systems: A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Hemianopsia: Partial or complete loss of vision in one half of the visual field(s) of one or both eyes. Subtypes include altitudinal hemianopsia, characterized by a visual defect above or below the horizontal meridian of the visual field. Homonymous hemianopsia refers to a visual defect that affects both eyes equally, and occurs either to the left or right of the midline of the visual field. Binasal hemianopsia consists of loss of vision in the nasal hemifields of both eyes. Bitemporal hemianopsia is the bilateral loss of vision in the temporal fields. Quadrantanopsia refers to loss of vision in one quarter of the visual field in one or both eyes.Hallucinations: Subjectively experienced sensations in the absence of an appropriate stimulus, but which are regarded by the individual as real. They may be of organic origin or associated with MENTAL DISORDERS.Ophthalmology: A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Macaca radiata: A species of macaque monkey that mainly inhabits the forest of southern India. They are also called bonnet macaques or bonnet monkeys.Visual Acuity: Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Receptors, Thyrotropin: Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary THYROTROPIN (also named thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH) and trigger intracellular changes of the target cells. TSH receptors are present in the nervous system and on target cells in the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies to TSH receptors are implicated in thyroid diseases such as GRAVES DISEASE and Hashimoto disease (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE).Hand Deformities, Congenital: Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the hand occurring at or before birth.Facies: The appearance of the face that is often characteristic of a disease or pathological condition, as the elfin facies of WILLIAMS SYNDROME or the mongoloid facies of DOWN SYNDROME. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Noonan Syndrome: A genetically heterogeneous, multifaceted disorder characterized by short stature, webbed neck, ptosis, skeletal malformations, hypertelorism, hormonal imbalance, CRYPTORCHIDISM, multiple cardiac abnormalities (most commonly including PULMONARY VALVE STENOSIS), and some degree of INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. The phenotype bears similarities to that of TURNER SYNDROME that occurs only in females and has its basis in a 45, X karyotype abnormality. Noonan syndrome occurs in both males and females with a normal karyotype (46,XX and 46,XY). Mutations in a several genes (PTPN11, KRAS, SOS1, NF1 and RAF1) have been associated the the NS phenotype. Mutations in PTPN11 are the most common. LEOPARD SYNDROME, a disorder that has clinical features overlapping those of Noonan Syndrome, is also due to mutations in PTPN11. In addition, there is overlap with the syndrome called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome due to mutations in NF1.LEOPARD Syndrome: An autosomal dominant disorder with an acronym of its seven features (LENTIGO; ELECTROCARDIOGRAM abnormalities; ocular HYPERTELORISM; PULMONARY STENOSIS; abnormal genitalia; retardation of growth; and DEAFNESS or SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS). This syndrome is caused by mutations of PTPN11 gene encoding the non-receptor PROTEIN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE, type 11, and is an allelic to NOONAN SYNDROME. Features of LEOPARD syndrome overlap with those of NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 which is caused by mutations in the NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 GENES.Blepharoptosis: Drooping of the upper lid due to deficient development or paralysis of the levator palpebrae muscle.Abnormalities, MultipleMacrocephaly: A congenital abnormality in which the occipitofrontal circumference is greater than two standard deviations above the mean for a given age. It is associated with HYDROCEPHALUS; SUBDURAL EFFUSION; ARACHNOID CYSTS; or is part of a genetic condition (e.g., ALEXANDER DISEASE; SOTOS SYNDROME).
In mild disease, patients present with eyelid retraction. In fact, upper eyelid retraction is the most common ocular sign of ... a widened palpebral fissure during fixation (Dalrymple's sign) and an incapacity of closing the eyelids completely ( ... Lid-lengthening surgeries can be done on upper and lower eyelid to correct the patient's appearance and the ocular surface ... Other approaches include müllerectomy (resection of the Müller muscle), eyelid spacer grafts, and recession of the lower eyelid ...
This allows inspection of all the ocular media, from cornea to vitreous, plus magnified view of eyelids, and other external ... The examiner notes the speed, smoothness, range and symmetry of movements and observes for unsteadiness of fixation. These nine ... The position of the eyelids are checked for abnormalities such as ptosis which is an asymmetry between eyelid positions. Close ... Ocular motility should always be tested, especially when patients complain of double vision or physicians suspect neurologic ...
Ocular prosthetics (artificial eyes) Orbital prosthesis (artificial replacement of the eye and eyelids within the discipline of ... Canthopexy is the surgical fixation of the canthus. A canthoplasty is plastic surgery at the canthus. A canthorrhaphy is ... eyelid reconstruction. Entropion, ectropion, ptosis, and eyelid tumors are commonly treated by various forms of eyelid surgery ... "Eyelid Surgery". Indiana University Department of Ophthalmology. Archived from the original on April 2, 2007. Retrieved October ...
Santosh G. Honavar
Tumors of the ocular surface: A review. Indian Ophthalmol. 2015 Mar;63(3):187-203. 20. Mulay K, Narula R, Honavar SG. Primary ... Rath S, Honavar SG, Reddy VA, Naik MN, Vemuganti GK, Murthy R. Sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid metastasizing to the lacrimal ... Automated Perimetry in Detecting Threats to Fixation. Ophthalmology 1998: 105:1574-5. 207. Honavar SG, Sekhar GC. ... Custom ocular prosthesis in children: how often is a change required? Orbit. 2011 Oct;30(5):208-13. 78. Murthy R, Gupta A, ...
Idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut
Other occipital symptoms, such as sensory illusions of ocular movements and ocular pain, tonic deviation of the eyes, eyelid ... The inter-ictal EEG shows occipital paroxysms, often demonstrating fixation-off sensitivity. However, some patients may only ... Forced eyelid closure and eyelid blinking occur in about 10% of patients, usually at a stage at which consciousness is impaired ... "A Brief Treatment Of Ocular Migraine". 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2017-04-19. Parmeggiani L, Guerrini R. Idiopathic photosensitive ...
Infant visual development
Another study - recording the fixation time of infants to blue, green, yellow, red, and gray at two difference luminance levels ... Part 6: Growth curves of ocular axial length and its components (author's transl)". Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi. 83 (9): 1679- ... Excessive tearing Red or encrusted eyelids White pupils Extreme sensitivity to bright light Constant eye turning Strabismus ...
Blepharoplasty ("eyelid surgery"): reshaping of upper/lower eyelids including Asian blepharoplasty. *Phalloplasty ("penile ... Wolfgang H. Vogel, Andreas Berke (2009). "Brief History of Vision and Ocular Medicine". Kugler Publications. p.97. ISBN 90-6299 ... Some say that the fixation or obsession with correction of the area could be a sub-disorder such as anorexia or muscle ... There, he treated very deep burn, and serious facial disfigurement, such as loss of eyelids, typical of those caused to aircrew ...
The prosthesis fits over an orbital implant and under the eyelids. Though often referred to as a glass eye, the ocular ... Usually, these implants are covered with a material that permits fixation of the extraocular recti muscles, such as donor ... A few ocular prostheses today are made of cryolite glass. A variant of the ocular prosthesis is a very thin hard shell known as ... Makers of ocular prosthetics are known as ocularists. An ocular prosthesis does not provide vision; this would be a visual ...
Sixth nerve palsy
The nerve dysfunction induces esotropia, a convergent squint on distance fixation. On near fixation the affected individual may ... "Cranial Nerve VI Palsy", Handbook of Ocular Disease Management, 2000 - 2001 Jobson Publishing L.L.C. (2000-2001). ... 3. Cross fixation which develops in the presence of infantile esotropia or nystagmus blockage syndrome and results in habitual ... In such cases recession of the medial rectus of the affected eye is accompanied by recession and/or posterior fixation ( ...
... "eyelid surgery"): reshaping of upper/ lower eyelids including Asian blepharoplasty Phalloplasty ("penile surgery") : ... Some say that the fixation or obsession with correction of the area could be a sub-disorder such as anorexia or muscle ... ISBN 0-19-262950-6. (page 652) Wolfgang H. Vogel, Andreas Berke (2009). "Brief History of Vision and Ocular Medicine". Kugler ... There, he treated very deep burn, and serious facial disfigurement, such as loss of eyelids, typical of those caused to aircrew ...
Management of strabismus
Subconjunctival hemorrhage, ptosis (drooping eyelid) and vertical strabismus are the most common complications, most resolving ... posterior fixation relocates a muscle's effective insertion to a mechanically disadvantageous position. All are kinds of ... "Avaliacao da motilidade extrinseca ocular de pacientes facectomizados sob anesthesia retrobulbar". Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. 57 (2 ...
This new "transorbital" lobotomy involved lifting the upper eyelid and placing the point of a thin surgical instrument (often ... and ocular affections such as ptosis and nystagmus, as well as psychological effects such as apathy, akinesia, lethargy, timing ... "fixation of certain patterns of relationship among various groups of cells" and that this resulted in obsessions, delusions and ... called an orbitoclast or leucotome, although quite different from the wire loop leucotome described above) under the eyelid and ...
... ocular oncology, ocular pathology, or neuro-ophthalmology. About 35 vacancies open per year for ophthalmology residency ... He used, for fixation of the eyeball, a simple artery forceps (without spring lock) in 27 patients and had success in all of ... indigenous healers treated some eye diseases by rubbing or scraping the eyes or eyelids. The first ophthalmic surgeon in Great ... J. William Harbour (United States) is an ocular oncologist and retinal surgeon who specializes in the treatment of intraocular ...
Ocular: narrowed eye slits, almond shaped eyes, epicanthal folds (extra eyelid tissue), epibulbar dermoids (benign tumors of ... "Nasal reconstruction with full-thickness cranial bone grafts and rigid internal skeleton fixation through a coronal incision". ... However, in FND this suppression is prevented in the midline by the increased inter-ocular distance. This causes the so-called ... the eye), upper eyelid colombas (full thickness upper eyelid defects), microphtalmos (one or two small eyes), congenital ...
In contrast, fixation disparity is a very small deviation of the pointing directions of the eyes that is present while ... Ocular ischemic syndrome / Central retinal vein occlusion. *Central retinal artery occlusion. *Branch retinal artery occlusion ... In order to understand how heterophoria occurs, we must understand of how the eye can maintain proper fixation with non aligned ...
ICD-9-CM Volume 3
Closed reduction of fracture without internal fixation (79.1) Closed reduction of fracture with internal fixation (79.2) Open ... Ocular motility study (95.16) P32 and other tracer studies of eye (95.2) Objective functional tests of eye (95.21) ... Operations on eyelids (09) Operations on lacrimal system (10) Operations on conjunctiva (11) Operations on cornea (11.6) ... reduction of fracture without internal fixation (79.3) Open reduction of fracture with internal fixation (79.4) Closed ...
After completion of surgery, the patient is transferred to the post anesthesia care unit and closely monitored. When the patient is judged to have recovered from the anesthesia, he/she is either transferred to a surgical ward elsewhere in the hospital or discharged home. During the post-operative period, the patient's general function is assessed, the outcome of the procedure is assessed, and the surgical site is checked for signs of infection. There are several risk factors associated with postoperative complications, such as immune deficiency and obesity. Obesity has long been considered a risk factor for adverse post-surgical outcomes. It has been linked to many disorders such as obesity hypoventilation syndrome, atelectasis and pulmonary embolism, adverse cardiovascular effects, and wound healing complications. If removable skin closures are used, they are removed after 7 to 10 days post-operatively, or after healing of the incision is well under way. It is not uncommon for surgical ...
Quantitating the change in upper eyelid position during downgaze.
METHODS: Upper eyelid margin to corneal light reflex distance (uMRD), lower eyelid to corneal light reflex distance (IMRD), and ... To derive normative data on eyelid position in primary gaze, upgaze, and downgaze in subjects of various ages. ... Eyelids / physiology*. Fixation, Ocular*. Humans. Middle Aged. Reference Values. Vision, Ocular*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a ... Next Document: Fixation duress in the pathogenesis of upper eyelid retraction in thyroid orbitopathy. A prospective.... ...
Patent US6582465 - Integrated rigid fixation orbital expander - Google Patents
An integrated rigid fixation orbital expander has a coupling tunnel, an injection port, and a substantially spherically shaped ... Total ocular replacement apparatus with muscle attachment sites. US5330529 *. Feb 17, 1993. Jul 19, 1994. Cepela Mark A. ... Both of these abnormalities present minified eyelids with abbreviated palpebral and bulbar conjunctivae. More critically, these ... The integrated rigid fixation orbital expander 10 is inserted within the muscle cone and coupled to a multi-hole plate 50, such ...
Patent US5556417 - Luminescent eye fixation device - Google Patents
The instrument includes a fixation structure attachable to the patients eye, at least a portion of the fixation ring being ... enables the physician to visualize the location of the fixation ring in a dark operating environment. ... The fixation device of the invention includes a speculum 20 have a pair of opposed retractors 22 for holding the eyelids E open ... Ocular fixation and stabilization device for ophthalmic surgical applications. US20040267294 *. Jun 27, 2003. Dec 30, 2004. ...
Community Academic Profiles - Faculty & Researchers - Stanford Medicine
Video recordings of a standardized ocular motility exam including gaze fixation, voluntary saccades, reflex saccades, smooth ... eyelid opening apraxia, and saccadic horizontal smooth pursuits are more frequent in patients with ALS than in similar-aged ... Visual and Systemic Outcomes in Pediatric Ocular Myasthenia Gravis AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY Pineles, S. L., Avery, R. ... Ocular motility abnormalities may be a marker of neuro-degeneration beyond motor neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS ...
Graves' ophthalmopathy - Wikipedia
In mild disease, patients present with eyelid retraction. In fact, upper eyelid retraction is the most common ocular sign of ... a widened palpebral fissure during fixation (Dalrymples sign) and an incapacity of closing the eyelids completely ( ... Lid-lengthening surgeries can be done on upper and lower eyelid to correct the patients appearance and the ocular surface ... Other approaches include müllerectomy (resection of the Müller muscle), eyelid spacer grafts, and recession of the lower eyelid ...
NGF eye-drops topical administration in patients with retinitis pigmentosa, a pilot study | Journal of Translational Medicine |...
A similar electrode, placed over the eyelid of the contralateral patched eye, was used as reference (inter-ocular recording). ... Patients fixated monocularly at a 0.25° central fixation mark, under the constant monitoring of an external observer. Pupils ... Only minor ocular side effects such as conjunctival hyperemia and ocular pain were reported, in line with previous studies ... 5) No or minimal ocular media opacities. (6) No concomitant ocular (e.g. glaucoma, amblyopia) or systemic diseases. Patients ...
A System for Studying Facial Nerve Function in Rats through Simultaneous Bilateral Monitoring of Eyelid and Whisker Movements
2.1 Subjects and head fixation. Subjects were 8 female Wistar-Hannover rats, 60-90 days old. For head fixation, rats were ... and permits comparison of ocular versus midfacial recovery. Perhaps most importantly, we have brought eyelid and whisker ... Eyelid peak amplitude for pre versus post left facial nerve lesion (N = 4), with a reduction in left eyelid amplitude that ... Nevertheless, eyelid movement ipsilateral to facial nerve lesion was clearly affected, as shown by the reduced average eyelid ...
WHO EMRO | Prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment among school-age children of Hargesia, Somaliland, Somalia |...
... and the Prism Cover Test at distance and near fixation, respectively. The ocular motility test was performed to assess eye ... children were examined by a penlight and low-power hand magnifier to assess any anterior-segment abnormalities in the eyelids, ... Distribution of ocular signs and symptoms. A total of 943 (78.8%) participants did not complain of any ocular symptoms; 153 ( ... Ocular media and fundus abnormalities were seen in 8 (0.7%) children. Retinal disorders were found in 6 (0.5%) children and ...
Frontiers | Towards a Multimodal Model of Cognitive Workload Through Synchronous Optical Brain Imaging and Eye Tracking...
Despite the small sample size, the performance of the linear discriminant analysis combining eye fixation and dorsolateral ... including a slight increase only in the left dlPFC with a decreasing trend in fixation durations, which is indicative of visual ... activity accompanied with an increase in fixation durations, which suggests a shift in their attentional state, possibly from ... including a slight increase only in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with a decreasing trend in fixation durations, ...
Jumpy, Hazy Eyes | Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Observation of the triplet siblings demonstrates normal ocular appearance and visual fixation behavior in both. There is no ... with normal appearing facial features and eyelids. The conjunctivae are white, but the corneas of both eyes appear to be hazy ... Progressive ocular surface abnormalities may lead to corneal scarring and vision loss during the first and second decades, and ... other ocular treatments may also be needed.. In our case, the ocular diagnosis led to a significant syndromic diagnosis. Pre- ...
Clinical and ocular motor analysis of the infantile nystagmus syndrome in the first 6 months of life | British Journal of...
At all times during recording, attempts were made to pacify the child and obtain their attention to the fixation screen at 1 ... decreased intensity with eyelid closure and convergence. Well defined null and neutral positions of gaze and associated head ... ocular abnormalities (eye disease), head position, null or neutral zone characteristics, and other ocular motor disease. In ... Ocular motor recording protocol. The infant was seated in a comfortable position in a parent or caretakers lap. The infrared ...
eLetters | British Journal of Ophthalmology
... which is detrimental to the ocular surface and therefore deserves inclusion in any assessment of ocular surface injury. The ... Concerning the fixation of the implant and the risk of posterior migration, none of the authors has any experience of using ... Regarding the subset of patients with previous hard palate or donor sclera, it was not our experience that these eyelids were ... However, we suspect that this effect is not dependent on the type of fixation between the tarsus and the superior aspect of the ...
In mild disease, patients present with eyelid retraction. In fact, upper eyelid retraction is the most common ocular sign of ... during fixation (. Dalrymples sign. ) and an incapacity of closing the eyelids completely (. lagophthalmos. ). Due to the ... can also be done to debulk the excess fat in the lower eyelid. [cite web , author=Muratet JM ,title=Eyelid retraction ,work= ... Lid-lengthening surgeries can be done on upper and lower eyelid to correct the patients appearance and the ocular surface ...
US20020002402A1 - Integrated rigid fixation orbital expander - Google Patents
An integrated rigid fixation orbital expander has a coupling tunnel, an injection port, and a substantially spherically shaped ... Total ocular replacement apparatus with muscle attachment sites US5330529A (en) * 1993-02-17. 1994-07-19. Cepela Mark A. ... Both of these abnormalities present minified eyelids with abbreviated palpebral and bulbar conjunctivae. More critically, these ... Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation US6402766B2 (en) 2002-06-11. Graft fixation device combination ...
Varifocal Versus Monofocal LASIK in Presbyopic Hyperopic Eyes
An eyelid speculum with suction (52135; Storz Ophthalmic Instruments, Heidelberg, Germany) was inserted to allow maximum ... Patients who suffered from systemic illness or had previous ocular surgery were excluded from the study. Additional exclusion ... Patients were instructed to look at a blinking red fixation light throughout the ablation. ... eye drops four times a day for 5 days and ocular lubricants (hyaluronic acid) at least five times per day for 3 months. ...
Effect of brow fixation in evaluation of eyelid position and levator palpebrae superioris function | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Data points collected include: ocular dominance, presence of brow ptosis, levator function with and without brow fixation, and ... Elysa Brown, Andrew Ting, Irina Koreen, R. Patrick Yeatts; Effect of brow fixation in evaluation of eyelid position and levator ... Effect of brow fixation in evaluation of eyelid position and levator palpebrae superioris function ... Effect of brow fixation in evaluation of eyelid position and levator palpebrae superioris function ...
Pediatric Graves Disease Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination
Widened palpebral fissure during fixation (Dalrymple sign). * Incapacity to close eyelids completely (lagophthalmos) ... Ocular findings. Ocular findings are often independent of the degree of thyrotoxicosis and may appear before the onset of ... Some adolescents may have true inability to close the eyelids because of more severe exophthalmos. Severe exophthalmos can be ...
Maxillectomy: Pre-Procedure, Technique, Post-Procedure
Superior tumor extension can lead to invasion of the orbit, which may manifest as ocular pain, fullness of the eyelid, ... This can present as a skin lesion, lymphedema (peau dorange), or fixation of the skin over the maxilla. Posteriorly lie the ... In one study, lower eyelid malposition was the most significant postoperative quantitative eyelid change following maxillectomy ... Extension into the orbit indicates an ophthalmologic consultation to better assess ocular function. ...
Eye examination - Wikipedia
This allows inspection of all the ocular media, from cornea to vitreous, plus magnified view of eyelids, and other external ... The examiner notes the speed, smoothness, range and symmetry of movements and observes for unsteadiness of fixation. These nine ... The position of the eyelids are checked for abnormalities such as ptosis which is an asymmetry between eyelid positions. Close ... Ocular motility should always be tested, especially when patients complain of double vision or physicians suspect neurologic ...
Aarskog Syndrome - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)
Additional characteristic facial features include widely spaced eyes (ocular hypertelorism), drooping (ptosis) of the eyelids, ... with permanent fixation of the fifth fingers in a bent position (clinodactyly); abnormally extendible finger joints; and wide ... Characteristic abnormalities of the head and facial (craniofacial) area may include widely set eyes (ocular hypertelorism); ... downwardly slanting eyelid folds (palpebral fissures), a small nose with nostrils that are flared forward (anteverted nares), ...
Chromosome 6, Partial Trisomy 6q - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)
RCPA - Eye enucleation
8 One method suggests placing gauze or tissue paper between the eyelids during fixation.8 ... Decreased ocular dimensions can be due to senile atrophy and shrinkage due to chronic pressure loss in the eye.2 ... Ensure adequate fixation prior to dissection in at least 60ml of formalin for 24-48 hours.1-8 Intraocular damage will occur if ... Complete exenteration includes eyelids, optic nerve, extraocular muscles, orbital fat and periosteum as well as the globe.3 ...
Patente US7496174 - Portable orthovoltage radiotherapy - Google Patentes
... the ocular structures are placed in a global coordinate system based on ocular imaging. In some embodiments, the ocular ... inside the global coordinate system lead to direction of an automated positioning system that is directed based on the ocular ... In some embodiments, inflammatory ocular disorders are treated, specifically macular degeneration. In some embodiments, ... Ocular fixation and stabilization device for ophthalmic surgical applications. US6888919. 2 Nov 2001. 3 May 2005. Varian ...
Dry Eye and Corneal Langerhans Cells in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Dry eye was evaluated by lid-parallel conjunctival folds (LIPCOF), Schirmer test, tear break-up time (TBUT), and ocular surface ... J. B. Davies and P. K. Rao, "Ocular manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus," Current Opinion in Ophthalmology, vol. 19 ... Fixation of the patients eye was maintained with a target mobile red light for the contralateral eye. A disposable plastic cap ... were determined at the temporal aspect of lower eyelid margin according to the protocol by Pult et al. . Tear production ...
Abnormalities of Movement | Neupsy Key
Associated involvement of midbrain structures may cause changes in ocular movements, including fixation instability, hypometric ... eyelids, jaw, and head and may occasionally seem to involve the entire body. The rate may be slow, medium, or fast. ... The characteristic ocular motility disturbance may not be present early in the course, and, in rare instances, never appears. ... but muscles of fixation and synergists may play a part in the movements. A tremor may be present at rest or with activity. Some ...
Dr. John Sullivan, Ophthalmology, San Jose, CA
Pretarsal fixation of gold weights in facial nerve palsy.. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg., 5(2):104-9 (1989) ... Eyelid anaphylactic reaction to atracurium with general anesthesia.. J Ocul Pharmacol., 2(4):379-83 (1986) ... Ophthalmology-epitomes of progress: cryotherapy for ocular tumors.. West. J. Med., Jun;130(6):540-1 (1979) ...
The effect of pentobarbital sodium and propofol anesthesia on multifocal electroretinograms in rhesus macaques
... of propofol was administered to control ocular drift and return the eye to central fixation (verification of central ocular ... Eyelids were held open with a lid speculum. ERG-jet™ corneal contact lens electrodes were applied bilaterally to the corneal ... In the present study, anesthesia with both pentobarbital sodium (PB) and propofol (PF) enabled stable ocular fixation and ... In animals with observed ocular movements or ocular drift, a supplemental bolus (1-3 mL infused over about 15 s to 45 s, ...
Eye Movements in Chorea-Acanthocytosis | IOVS | ARVO Journals
We documented several ocular motor deficits in patients with ChAc that involved fixation stability, saccades, and pursuit. ... Supranuclear vertical gaze palsy, blepharospasm, and apraxia of eyelid opening were described in one patient by Spitz et al. 9 ... ductions to vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), and versions and convergence, as well as an evaluation of fixation behavior, ... Fixation instability, as evidenced by 35 or more SWJs per minute or continuous square-wave oscillations, 13 14 was found in all ...
Periorbital Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation after Fractionated CO2 Laser Resurfacing in Asians
... using the methods described above was performed on the upper eyelid of the subject. The upper eyelid skin was immediately ... The tissue was placed into 10% formalin for fixation. Microscopic examination of the tissue was achieved by paraffin embedding ... Eye protection for patients was achieved with non-reflective internal ocular shields. Topical proparacaine 0.5% was used for ... Inclusion criteria were presence of lentigines or rhytidosis in the lower eyelids. Exclusion criteria included the followings: ...
RetractionPtosisCommon ocularDownwardly slanting eyeMotilityCorneaConjunctivaAbnormalitiesExaminationVestibulo-ocularRigid fixation orbital expanderSurgeriesScleraFracture fixationConjunctivalGlaucomaIntraocularVisual fixationOphthalmicNormal ocularStructuresResult in ocularMovementsTumorsInternal fixationLateral canthalIncapacityEctropionSystemic diseaseUpperOccurStrabismusSurfaceDiplopiaDivergenceClinicalDisordersAmblyopiaExtraocularEyeballIncidenceResectionInvoluntaryDiseasesOphthalmologyBrowMidfaceDominanceDischargeOrbital fatLowerAcuteSpeculumBinocular
- Fixation duress in the pathogenesis of upper eyelid retraction in thyroid orbitopathy. (biomedsearch.com)
- Graves ophthalmopathy (also known as thyroid eye disease (TED), dysthyroid/thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), Graves' orbitopathy (GO)) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the orbit and periorbital tissues, characterized by upper eyelid retraction, lid lag, swelling, redness (erythema), conjunctivitis, and bulging eyes (exopthalmos). (wikipedia.org)
- In mild disease, patients present with eyelid retraction. (wikipedia.org)
- In fact, upper eyelid retraction is the most common ocular sign of Graves' orbitopathy. (wikipedia.org)
- Due to the proptosis, eyelid retraction and lagophthalmos, the cornea is more prone to dryness and may present with chemosis, punctate epithelial erosions and superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis. (wikipedia.org)
- The various transcutaneous approaches to the infraorbital rim and orbital floor include subciliary, subtarsal, and infraorbital approaches, and they have been associated with a significant number of complications like ectropion, scleral show, and eyelid retraction . (cureus.com)
- and 3) pseudo eyelid retraction. (stanford.edu)
- Thyroid disease can manifest by increased visibility of the superior cornea caused by eyelid retraction. (aao.org)
- Data points collected include: ocular dominance, presence of brow ptosis, levator function with and without brow fixation, and margin-reflex distance of the upper lid (MRD1) in resting position with and without brow fixation as well as with maximal brow elevation. (arvojournals.org)
- In ptosis patients, average MRD1 with brow fixation was 1.7 mm (SD = 1.2), without brow fixation was 2.2 mm (SD = 1.2), and with maximal brow elevation was 5.6 mm (SD = 1.75). (arvojournals.org)
- In ptosis patients, average levator function with brow fixation was 14.6 mm (SD = 1.1) and without brow fixation was 16.5 mm (SD = 1.5). (arvojournals.org)
- Additional characteristic facial features include widely spaced eyes (ocular hypertelorism), drooping (ptosis) of the eyelids, downwardly slanting eyelid folds (palpebral fissures), a small nose with nostrils that are flared forward (anteverted nares), an underdeveloped upper jawbone (maxilliary hypoplasia), and a widow's peak. (rarediseases.org)
- One in 10 ocular surgeries may result in ptosis. (scribd.com)
- Eyelid malposition can occur after any ocular surgery including ectropion,1 entropion2 and ptosis. (scribd.com)
- This article will discuss the evaluation, etiology, treatment and prevention of ptosis after ocular surgery. (scribd.com)
- Nechanical ptosis occurs when a mass causes downward pull on the upper eyelid. (scribd.com)
- n postoperative ptosis this may be due to edema or hematoma formation in the eyelid. (scribd.com)
- Transient ptosis, or ptosis that improves over the postoperative period, can be caused by eyelid edema, hematoma formation (both intraorbital and eyelid), foreign body reaction, ocular inflammation and anesthesia effects. (scribd.com)
- Poor or absent sucking due to incomplete closure of the lips, lack of facial mimicking (especially while crying), fixed gaze, incomplete eyelid closure during sleep and ptosis have all been observed. (biomedcentral.com)
- Amblyopia may be diagnosed in children with cataracts, eyelid ptosis, and other eye conditions that impede the visual axis, if vision remains impaired after removal of the obstruction. (aafp.org)
Downwardly slanting eye1
- This study identifies the clinical and ocular motility characteristics of the INS and establishes the range of waveforms present in the first 6 months of life. (bmj.com)
- This review encompasses the spectrum of ocular motor disorders in patients with MS emphasizing prevalence, examination findings, diagnostic features, functional consequences, classification of MS course, and management of these disturbances of ocular motility. (livewisems.org)
- Eyelids -- Orbit -- Conjunctiva -- Episclera and sclera -- Cornea -- Anterior chamber -- Intraocular pressure and angle -- Iris -- Pupils -- Lens -- Vitreus -- Optic nerve head -- Fundus -- Ocular motility -- Systemic signs. (stanford.edu)
- at least a portion of the fixation ring being made from a phosphorescent material visible to the physician in the dark after exposure to incident visible light, thereby enabling the physician to visualize the location of the fixation ring as a point of reference which can be used in a dark operating environment to determine the relative location of the cornea. (google.com)
- 10. The ophthalmic instrument of claim 9 wherein the fixation ring comprises a vacuum source and an annular ring having a bottom surface and a passageway therein for communicating the vacuum source with the bottom surface and the patient's cornea. (google.com)
- Whisking is monitored in high spatio-temporal resolution using laser micrometers, and eyelid movements are detected using infrared diode and phototransistor pairs that respond to the increased reflection when the eyelids cover the cornea. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Ocular surgery, whether cataract, cornea, glaucoma or retina has evolved to become highly efficient and predictable. (scribd.com)
- Recurrent keratitis and ulcers in the cornea could result in perforation of the eye with all consequences for ocular function. (prolekare.cz)
- External examination of the ocular structures consists of a penlight evaluation of the eyelids, conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, and iris. (aao.org)
- The nictitans membrane is also known as the third eyelid, and it covers the cornea in a thin film. (granadavet.com)
- Carcinomas of the conjunctiva, eyelid and lacrimal gland as well as sarcomas and lymphomas also may be found in these specimens. (edu.au)
- The conjunctiva was reddish and ballooned up, and they protruded over the eyelids. (bvsalud.org)
- U-shaped fixations were placed to suture and force the prolapsed conjunctiva back to their normal anatomical positions. (bvsalud.org)
- Phys ical examination of the periorbital structures, including eyelids and conjunctiva, should include inspection of appearance and function, which are commonly altered by a space-occupying lesion in the orbit. (alpfmedical.info)
- On examination, his head circumference is at the 50th percentile, weight 75th percentile for adjusted age, with normal appearing facial features and eyelids. (chop.edu)
- In the clinic, students will be responsible for examining patients, which may involve taking an ophthalmic history and performing a relevant ocular examination, as well as formulating a differential diagnosis and plan of management. (utoronto.ca)
- Visual acuity measurement and external ocular examination are performed to recognize refractive error, childhood glaucoma, and various ocular conditions. (aafp.org)
- The high prevalence of ocular motor manifestations emphasizes the importance of neuro-ophthalmological examination among patients with MS. Because chronic manifestations may cause minimal or no symptoms, a systematic investigation of the most common manifestations should be performed in daily practice. (livewisems.org)
- The external examination of the patient should assess the facial features and critically evaluate the symmetry of the ocular, eyelid, and orbital structures. (alpfmedical.info)
- The authors recommend the mnemonic-A.B.C.: for Aperture configuration, Blink dynamics, and eyelid Closure-to structure the examination of all symptomatic patients. (stanford.edu)
- The ocular examination consists of the external examination, pupil examination, red reflex testing to assess ocular media, the examination of the ocular fundus by using ophthalmoscopy, and an assessment of visual function. (aao.org)
Rigid fixation orbital expander1
- Malignant melanomas are described as uveal (ocular) or conjunctival (extraocular). (edu.au)
- Dry eye was evaluated by lid-parallel conjunctival folds (LIPCOF), Schirmer test, tear break-up time (TBUT), and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire. (hindawi.com)
- In addition, the conjunctival sac covers the front of the eyeball and lines the upper and lower eyelids. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Conjunctival prolapse usually results as a complication of maximal levator resection or cosmetic lower eyelid blepharoplasty. (bvsalud.org)
- John Hovanesian, MD, demonstrates the sutureless fixation of amniotic membrane grafts pterygiums and conjunctival chalasis. (iopinc.com)
- In the animal tests, scholars [ 10 - 13 ] confirmed that TLR4 was produced by conjunctival epithelium through TLR4-dependent innate immune pathways and then stimulated Th2 cell-mediated allergic inflammation of the ocular surface through TSLP-TSLPR and OX40L-OX40 signaling pathways. (hindawi.com)
- for example, beta-blocking ophthalmic drops can have significant cardiac and circulatory side effects, chronic glaucoma treatment can cause ocular surface disease (OSD) with a variety of implicated agents, and topical treatments have been known to cause cataracts. (reviewofoptometry.com)
- Vision screening begins with a review of family and personal vision history to identify risk factors requiring referral, including premature birth, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, and a family history of strabismus, amblyopia, retinoblastoma, childhood glaucoma, childhood cataracts, or ocular or genetic systemic disease. (aafp.org)
- We evaluated the long-term safety and intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of LBN ophthalmic solution 0.024% over 1 year in Japanese subjects with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). (springer.com)
- Neuro-ophthalmic examinations and eye movement recordings made with the magnetic search coil technique assessed patients' fixation characteristics, horizontal and vertical saccades, pursuit, and antisaccades. (arvojournals.org)
- Ocular Findings (the ophthalmic features are among the most inhaltsstoffe kamagra and diagnostic in this syndrome) Common lack of lateral canthal fixation inhaltsstofef drooping of the lower eyelid in an S-shaped contour. (toshan.ru)
- Because ocular diseases can be linked with systemic health problems, we perform a complete ophthalmic exam on each patient. (northstarvets.com)
- In some embodiments, the ocular structures are. (google.es)
- In some embodiments, the ocular structures are placed in a global coordinate system based on ocular imaging. (google.es)
- In some embodiments, the ocular structures inside the global coordinate system lead to direction of an automated positioning system that is directed based on the ocular structures within the coordinate system. (google.es)
- 2 Although the ocular structures in affected children are usually normal, conditions such as strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) and unequal refractive error are highly associated with amblyopia. (aafp.org)
Result in ocular2
- Acute or chronic lesions of MS within the brainstem and the cerebellum frequently result in ocular motor disorders. (livewisems.org)
- Although not an immediate health risk, the prolapsed gland can lead to low grade corneal and conjunctivial irritation which can result in ocular discharge. (granadavet.com)
- Ophthalmology-epitomes of progress: cryotherapy for ocular tumors. (healthtap.com)
- Some ibuprof en tumors may transform and declarc themselves as melanomas. (msiw.ru)
- His clinical interests include functional & cosmetic surgery of the eyelids, brow & mid-face, thyroid eye disease, orbital trauma & tumors, and Mohs reconstruction. (stanford.edu)
- To highlight features of lateral canthal tendon disinsertion (LCTD), provide an algorithm for systematic assessment, and describe the anatomic genesis of signs and symptoms.Retrospective case series of consecutive patients with lateral canthal tendon disinsertion, who underwent lateral canthal tendon fixation by a single surgeon (DTT) between 2004 and 2011.One hundred and seventeen eyes in 90 patients underwent lateral canthal tendon fixation. (stanford.edu)
- Improved blink dynamics with manual lateral canthal tendon complex repositioning ("the thumb test") predicted a favorable outcome with surgical tightening in 95.7% of cases.Lateral canthal tendon disinsertion results in altered eyelid fissure symmetry, blink dynamics, and lacrimal pump function. (stanford.edu)
- Prevention of Lower Eyelid Ectropion Using Noninsional Suspension Sutures after Blepharoplasty. (e-aaps.org)
- In addition, such complications as ectropion or scleral exposure may occur following lower eyelid blepharoplasty or midface lift [ 3 ]. (e-aaps.org)
- We applied this method to patients who were at risk of developing ectropion following lower eyelid blepharoplasty, obtaining satisfactory outcomes. (e-aaps.org)
- Quantitating the change in upper eyelid position during downgaze. (biomedsearch.com)
- METHODS: Upper eyelid margin to corneal light reflex distance (uMRD), lower eyelid to corneal light reflex distance (IMRD), and vertical interpalpebral fissure (IPF) measurements were obtained on 50 healthy subjects. (biomedsearch.com)
- CONCLUSIONS: Decrease in upper eyelid position on downgaze is a common phenomenon. (biomedsearch.com)
- Complete exenteration specimens can be orientated by the longer eyelashes and fold of the upper eyelid as well as the caruncle and punctae of the medial canthus. (edu.au)
- On postoperative day 5, the patient experienced upper eyelid swelling after closing his eyes suddenly and standing up abruptly. (bvsalud.org)
- Additionally, the distance between the margin of the upper eyelid and the upper eyelid crease, as well as the amount of inferior scleral exposure, should be measured (Figure 6.6). (alpfmedical.info)
- tance between the margin of the upper eyelid and the corneal light reflex) and to obtain the full range of vertical motion [Burke levator function (BLF)] of the upper lid. (alpfmedical.info)
- Specimen, in formalin, labeled with the name of the patient and designated diagrammatically on the accompanying requisition as "right upper eyelid" consists of. (medrounds.org)
- The ocular motor systems of patients with INS and no strabismus (with or without associated sensory deficits) are otherwise normal, showing normal smooth pursuit, saccadic, and vestibulo-ocular systems. (bmj.com)
- Evaluation of fixation and alignment can identify amblyopia or strabismus. (aafp.org)
- Ocular alignment should be assessed during vision screening in children to identify strabismus and amblyopia. (aafp.org)
- 3. The instrument of claim 1 wherein the fixation structure further comprises vacuum means associated therewith for securing the fixation structure to the surface of the eye. (google.com)
- 5. The instrument of claim 1 wherein the phosphorescent material is applied to a surface of the fixation structure. (google.com)
- 7. The instrument of claim 1 wherein the fixation structure further comprises a vacuum source and passageways defined in the fixation structure for communicating the vacuum source with a bottom surface of the fixation structure securable against the patient's eye. (google.com)
- Our hypothesis was that SLE alters the ocular surface homeostasis and increases the LC density and activation proportional to the severity of the general inflammation and disease activity of SLE. (hindawi.com)
- Implant is fixed with 3 fixation holes on the anterior surface of the tarsal plate using non-absorbable stitches. (prolekare.cz)
- A diagnosis of functional diplopia should not be entertained based simply on the absence of gross ocular misalignment, because sometimes very subtle misalignment of the ocular axes, which are difficult to elucidate at the bedside, may require more sensitive tests. (bmj.com)
- On the other hand, one should not be surprised to see gross ocular misalignment without diplopia as brain plasticity usually takes over if diplopia is longstanding and the image from one eye is suppressed. (bmj.com)
- 11 Numerous reports on the ocular motor behaviour in human albinos, patients with retinal disease, and visual deprivation amblyopia have shown INS to be the predominant ocular oscillation. (bmj.com)
- A handout on amblyopia is available at https://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/amblyopia.html . (aafp.org)
- The resulting involuntary narrowing of the palpebral fissure (distance between eyelids) during smiling, and the hypertonicity of the midface and neck during routine facial expressions, are both functionally and esthetically disturbing. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- 27 infants with involuntary ocular oscillations typical of INS are included in this analysis. (bmj.com)
- Involuntary ocular oscillations have been classified in many ways, resulting in some confusion and disagreement among clinicians, physiologists, psychologists, and bioengineers. (bmj.com)
- The ophthalmology service treats conditions of the eyes and eyelids. (ndsr.co.uk)
- During the period from May 2004 to September 2014, we used eyelid implants to 72 patients (42 men, 30 women) at the Ophthalmology Department for Children and Adults, 2nd Medical Faculty, Charles University and Motol University Hospital. (prolekare.cz)
- Average MRD1 of healthy volunteers with brow fixation was 3.8 mm (SD = 0.5), without brow fixation was 4.4 mm (SD = 0.7), and with maximal brow elevation was 7.4 mm (SD = 1.3). (arvojournals.org)
- Average levator function in healthy patients was 15 mm (SD = 2.34) with brow fixation, and 16.2 mm (SD = 1.7) without. (arvojournals.org)
- Within areas affected by NT-4/5, cortical cells remained responsive to the deprived eye, and maps of ocular dominance were no longer evident using intrinsic-signal optical imaging. (jneurosci.org)
- Thus, if a neurotrophin is the scarce factor, oversupplying the cortex with that neurotrophin during a short period of monocular deprivation (MD) should disrupt ocular dominance plasticity. (jneurosci.org)
- In congruence with related work, we observed that experts tended to have lower prefrontal oxygenation and exhibit gaze patterns that are better aligned with the optimal task sequence with shorter fixation durations as compared to novices. (frontiersin.org)
- Inclusion criteria were presence of lentigines or rhytidosis in the lower eyelids. (scirp.org)
- In 1924, Bourguet initially used a transconjunctival approach for lower eyelid blepharoplasty . (cureus.com)
- Therefore, we performed both snap back and distraction tests prior to performing lower eyelid blepharoplasty to evaluate lower lid tonicity. (e-aaps.org)
- In the current study, we initially evaluated patients who planned to undergo lower eyelid blepharoplasty at our medical institution from January 2012 to August 2013. (e-aaps.org)
- We performed lower eyelid blepharoplasty concomitantly with a NISS technique ( Fig. 1 ). (e-aaps.org)