Eye Protective Devices
Wounds and Injuries
Play and Playthings
Off-Road Motor Vehicles
Trauma Severity Indices
Spinal Cord Injuries
Interior Design and Furnishings
Injury Severity Score
Eye Infections, Fungal
Eye Infections, Bacterial
Non-fatal injuries sustained by seatbelt wearers: a comparative study. (1/505)The injuries sustained by 969 drivers and front-seat passengers in road-traffic accidents were studied. Altogether 196 (20-2%) of the drivers and passengers were wearing seat belts and 773 (79-8%) were not. The injuries among the two groups differed greatly in both severity and distribution. A total of 54 (27-6%) of the seatbelt wearers sustained one or more fractures compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers, and 18 (9-2%) of the seatbelt wearers were severely injured compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers. Soft-tissue injuries to the face were sustained by only 29 (14-8%) of the seatbelt wearers compared with 425 (55%) of the non-wearers. Since wearing seatbelts may become compulsory, the type and pattern of injuries to be expected in wearers should be appreciated. (+info)
Effect of leukocytes on corneal cellular proliferation and wound healing. (2/505)PURPOSE: To establish whether fucoidin, by blocking the adhesion of leukocytes on the limbal vascular endothelium, prevents extravasation of the cells from the blood stream into the limbal stroma and the wounded area after corneal injury. Successful leukocyte blocking enabled investigation of the influence of leukocytes on corneal cellular proliferation after corneal wounding. METHODS: Thirty-two New Zealand White rabbits were used. Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and a standardized alkali corneal wound were used as models in two sets of experiments. In half of the injured rabbits fucoidin was used to prevent leukocytes from leaving the local vessels. The efficiency of the blocking technique was evaluated by counting the number of leukocytes in the limbal and wounded corneal areas. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was used as a marker for proliferative activity. RESULTS: The infiltration of leukocytes into the limbus and the cornea after PRK and alkali injuries can be blocked by fucoidin. The healing rate of corneal epithelium after alkali burn was retarded in the absence of leukocytes. PCNA expression was enhanced in the presence of leukocytes. Fucoidin per se had no influence on corneal cell proliferation and wound healing. CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) can be prevented from entering the cornea in vivo by fucoidin after PRK and after alkali burn. The corneal epithelial healing rate is delayed in the absence of PMNs in vivo, and PCNA expression increases in the presence of leukocytes. (+info)
Prognosis of perforating eye injury. (3/505)The assessment of visual function in a series of 130 consecutive patients of perforating eye injuries, revealed that visual acuity of 6/12 or better was regained in 63 per cent, between 6/60 and 6/18 in 9-2 per cent, less than 6/60 in 15-3 per cent, and enucleation was necessary in 9-2 per cent. In 3 per cent, the eyes were retained as blind, symptomfree, and cosmetically satisfactory organs. Two eyes were found to develop complete traumatic aniridia. None in the series was found to have sympathetic ophthalmitis. (+info)
Ocular injuries from liquid golf ball cores. (4/505)Tissue removed from nine new cases from 18 hours to 20 weeks after injury by a golf ball contained crystalline and other foreign material to which there was a mild inflammatory reaction followed by macrophagic activity and fibrosis. Optical and electron probe analysis showed that the crystalline material was crushed barytes containing small quantities of muscovite as is typical in natural deposits. The centres of several golf balls were shown to contain essentially identical material. By contrast with previous reports, no zinc sulphide was found. The form and frequent location of the deposits in the conjunctiva as compared with cornea and eyelid is related to the structure of these tissues. (+info)
Factors associated with the poor final visual outcome after traumatic hyphema. (5/505)In order to determine the factors related to the worse final visual outcome following nonperforating traumatic hyphema, the clinical characteristics of 18 patients with visual outcome of 0.1 or worse were compared with those of 166 patients with visual outcome of 0.15 or better. The presence of posterior segment injuries such as macula edema, retinal hemorrhage, epiretinal membrane, and choroidal rupture were significant factors of a poor final visual outcome (P < 0.01). The presence of anterior segment injuries such as corneal blood staining, traumatic mydriasis, iridodialysis, cataract, and lens subluxation had significant predictive factors on a poor final visual outcome and the concurrent posterior segment injuries were more frequent in these patients. Initial visual acuity of 0.1 or worse, glaucoma, vitreous hemorrhage, and eyelid laceration were also significant associations of a poor final visual outcome (P < 0.05). Patients with initially larger hyphema (grade I or more vs microscopic) and older age group (16 years or more vs 15 years or less) tended to have poor final visual acuities. Rebleeding was not associated with significant deterioration in visual prognosis. We conclude that the posterior segment injuries seem to be directly related to a poor visual outcome rather than the occurrence of secondary hemorrhage. (+info)
Traumatic wound rupture after penetrating keratoplasty in Africa. (6/505)AIM: To investigate risk factors, visual outcome, and graft survival for traumatic wound rupture after penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 336 patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty from 1988 to 1995. RESULTS: 19 patients (5.7%) suffered traumatic postoperative wound rupture requiring surgical repair. They were younger (mean age 16.6 years, 95% CI 13.2-20.6) and more frequently keratoconic (p = 0.01) than other patients (mean age 28.9 years, 95% CI 26.-31.0). Mean postoperative follow up was 37.7 (SD 22.9) months and 24.5 (18.9) months for the rupture and non-rupture patients. Mean interval between keratoplasty and rupture was 18 (21) weeks. The lens was damaged and removed in 37% of ruptured eyes. For keratoconics, the probability of graft survival at 5 years was lower (p = 0.03) in the ruptured eyes (75%) than in the non-ruptured eyes (90%). Endothelial failure was a more common (p <0.05) cause of graft opacification in ruptured grafts than in intact grafts. Of the ruptured eyes, 53% achieved a final corrected acuity of at least 6/18 and 63% achieved at least 6/60 compared with 48% and 71% of the intact eyes respectively (both p >0.1). The proportion of keratoconic eyes which achieved at least 6/60 was lower (p = 0.02) in the ruptured eyes (67%) than the non-ruptured eyes (87%). Eyes with wound ruptures of 5 clock hours or greater were less likely (p <0.05) to achieve an acuity of 6/18 and were more likely (p <0.05) to have an associated lens injury. CONCLUSIONS: Graft rupture is relatively common in African practice, particularly in young keratoconics. Visual outcome and graft survival are not significantly worse than for other grafted eyes, but are significantly worse than for other grafted keratoconic eyes. (+info)
Treatment of severe ocular-surface disorders with corneal epithelial stem-cell transplantation. (7/505)BACKGROUND: Conditions that destroy the limbal area of the peripheral cornea, such as the Stevens-Johnson syndrome, ocular pemphigoid, and chemical and thermal injuries, can deplete stem cells of the corneal epithelium. The result is scarring and opacification of the normally clear cornea. Standard corneal transplantation cannot treat this form of functional blindness. METHODS: We performed and evaluated 70 transplantations of corneal epithelial stem cells from cadaveric eyes into 43 eyes of 39 patients with severe ocular-surface disorders and limbal dysfunction. Medical treatment had failed in all patients. The patients had a mean preoperative visual acuity of 0.004 (only being able to count the number of fingers presented by the examiner) in the affected eyes, which satisfies the criteria for legal blindness in most countries. In 28 eyes, we also performed standard corneal transplantation. Stem-cell transplantations were performed as many as four times on 1 eye if the initial results were not satisfactory; 19 eyes had multiple transplantations. Patients were followed for at least one year after transplantation. RESULTS: A mean of 1163 days after stem-cell transplantation, 22 of the 43 eyes (51 percent) had corneal epithelialization; of the 22 eyes, 7 eyes had corneal stromal edema and 15 eyes had clear corneas. Mean visual acuity improved from 0.004 to 0.02 (vision sufficient to distinguish the largest symbol on the visual-acuity chart from a distance of 1 m) (P<0.001). The 15 eyes in which the cornea remained clear had a final mean visual acuity of 0.11 (the ability to distinguish the largest symbol from a distance of 5 m). Complications of the first transplantation included persistent defects in the corneal epithelium in 26 eyes, ocular hypertension in 16 eyes, and rejection of the corneal graft in 13 of 28 eyes. The epithelial defects eventually healed in all but two of the eyes. CONCLUSIONS: Transplantation of corneal epithelial stem cells can restore useful vision in some patients with severe ocular-surface disorders. (+info)
Ocular explosion during cataract surgery: a clinical, histopathological, experimental, and biophysical study. (8/505)INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of cases are being recognized in which a peribulbar anesthetic for cataract surgery has been inadvertently injected directly into the globe under high pressure until the globe ruptures or explodes. We reviewed the records of 6 such cases (one of which was reported previously by us), and one additional case has been reported in the literature. Surprisingly, 2 of these 7 cases went unrecognized at the time, and the surgeons proceeded with the cataract operation; all of the patients ultimately developed severe visual loss and/or loss of the eye. OBJECTIVES: To reproduce this eye explosion in a live anesthetized rabbit model and to perform a clinical, histopathological, experimental, biophysical, and mathematical analysis of this injury. METHODS: Eyes of live anesthetized rabbits were ruptured by means of the injection of saline directly into the globe under high pressure. The clinical and pathological findings of the ruptured human and animal eyes were documented photographically and/or histopathologically. An experimental, biophysical, and mathematical analysis of the pressures and forces required to rupture the globe via direct injection using human cadavers, human eye-bank eyes, and classic physics and ophthalmic formulas was performed. The laws of Bernoulli, LaPlace, Friedenwald, and Pascal were applied to the theoretical and experimental models of this phenomenon. RESULTS: The clinical and pathological findings of scleral rupture, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and lens extrusion were observed. In the exploded human and rabbit eyes, the scleral ruptures appeared at the equator, the limbal area, or the posterior pole. In 2 of the 7 human eyes, the anterior segments appeared entirely normal despite the rupture, and cataract surgery was completed; surgery was canceled in the other 4 cases. In 4 of the 5 injected and ruptured rabbit eyes, the anterior segments appeared essentially normal. The experiments with human eye-bank eyes and the theoretical analyses of this entity show that the pressure required to produce such an injury is much more easily obtained with a 3- or 5-mL syringe than with a syringe 10 mL or larger. CONCLUSIONS: Explosion of an eyeball during the injection of anesthesia for ocular surgery is a devastating injury that may go unrecognized. The probability of an ocular explosion can be minimized by careful use of a syringe 10 mL or larger with a blunt needle, by discontinuing the injection if resistance is met, and by inspecting the globe prior to ocular massage or placement of a Honan balloon. When ocular explosion occurs, immediate referral to and intervention by a vitreoretinal surgeon is optimal. Practicing ophthalmologists should be aware of this blinding but preventable complication of ocular surgery. (+info)
Eye injuries refer to any damage or trauma that affects the structures of the eye, including the cornea, iris, lens, retina, optic nerve, and surrounding tissues. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including physical trauma, chemical exposure, radiation, or infection. Eye injuries can range from minor to severe and can cause temporary or permanent vision loss, depending on the extent of the damage. Some common types of eye injuries include corneal abrasions, conjunctivitis, chemical burns, foreign body injuries, and retinal detachment. Treatment for eye injuries depends on the severity and type of injury. Minor injuries may be treated with eye drops or ointments, while more severe injuries may require surgery or other medical interventions. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect that you or someone else has suffered an eye injury to prevent further damage and promote the best possible outcome.
Eye injuries, penetrating refers to damage to the eye caused by a foreign object or substance that has penetrated the outer protective layer of the eye, such as the cornea or sclera. Penetrating eye injuries can be caused by a variety of objects, including sharp objects like glass or metal, as well as blunt objects like or tools. These injuries can cause damage to the internal structures of the eye, including the lens, retina, and optic nerve, which can lead to vision loss or even blindness. Treatment for penetrating eye injuries typically involves removing the foreign object and repairing any damage to the eye's internal structures. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to restore vision.
Athletic injuries refer to injuries that occur as a result of physical activity or sports. These injuries can range from minor sprains and strains to more severe fractures, dislocations, and concussions. They can occur in any part of the body and can be caused by a variety of factors, including overuse, sudden movements, collisions, and poor technique. Athletic injuries can be prevented through proper conditioning, warm-up and cool-down exercises, and the use of appropriate protective gear. Treatment for athletic injuries may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery.
Eye Foreign Bodies refer to any foreign object that enters the eye, causing injury or irritation to the eye's surface or internal structures. These foreign bodies can be anything from small particles of dust or sand to larger objects such as metal shavings, glass fragments, or insect parts. The presence of a foreign body in the eye can cause symptoms such as pain, redness, tearing, sensitivity to light, and vision impairment. If left untreated, a foreign body can cause more serious complications such as infection, corneal ulceration, or damage to the retina. Treatment for eye foreign bodies typically involves removing the object with specialized instruments under local anesthesia. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent infection. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect you have a foreign body in your eye to prevent further damage.
In the medical field, "Wounds, Penetrating" refers to injuries that involve a break in the skin or other body tissues caused by an object or force that has penetrated through the skin. These types of wounds can be caused by a variety of objects, including sharp objects such as knives, bullets, or glass, as well as blunt objects such as hammers or rocks. Penetrating wounds can be classified based on the depth of the injury and the location of the entry and exit wounds. For example, a through-and-through wound is one in which the object passes completely through the body, leaving an entry wound and an exit wound on opposite sides. A blind wound, on the other hand, is one in which the object does not pass completely through the body, leaving only an entry wound. Penetrating wounds can be serious and may require immediate medical attention, as they can cause damage to vital organs or structures within the body. Treatment for penetrating wounds may include cleaning and debriding the wound,（suture）the wound, and administering antibiotics to prevent infection. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damage to internal organs or structures.
In the medical field, "wounds and injuries" refer to any type of damage or harm that is inflicted on the body, typically as a result of an external force or trauma. This can include cuts, scrapes, bruises, burns, fractures, and other types of physical trauma. Wounds can be classified based on their depth and severity. Superficial wounds only penetrate the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and are typically easy to treat. Deeper wounds, such as lacerations or punctures, can penetrate the dermis or subcutaneous tissue and may require more extensive medical attention. Injuries can also be classified based on their cause. For example, a fall may result in both a wound (such as a cut or bruise) and an injury (such as a broken bone or concussion). Injuries can be further classified based on their location, severity, and potential long-term effects. The treatment of wounds and injuries typically involves cleaning and dressing the affected area, administering pain medication if necessary, and monitoring for signs of infection or other complications. In some cases, more extensive medical treatment may be required, such as surgery or physical therapy.
Blast injuries are a type of traumatic injury that occur when a person is exposed to a powerful explosion. These injuries can be caused by a variety of explosive devices, including bombs, grenades, and landmines. Blast injuries can affect any part of the body, but they are most common in the head, neck, and chest. Blast injuries can cause a range of physical and psychological effects, depending on the severity of the injury and the location of the blast. Physical injuries can include fractures, lacerations, and burns, as well as internal injuries such as organ damage and traumatic brain injury. Psychological effects can include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression. Treatment for blast injuries depends on the specific injuries sustained. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair physical injuries, while psychological treatment may be necessary to address the emotional effects of the injury. In addition, rehabilitation may be necessary to help the person recover and regain function.
Eye burns refer to injuries or damage to the eye caused by exposure to a harmful substance or heat. These burns can range from mild to severe and can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain, redness, tearing, sensitivity to light, and vision loss. Eye burns can be caused by a variety of factors, including chemical burns from exposure to acids, bases, or other chemicals, thermal burns from exposure to heat or flames, and radiation burns from exposure to ultraviolet or infrared radiation. Treatment for eye burns depends on the severity of the injury and the specific cause of the burn. In some cases, simple measures such as washing the eye with cool water or applying a cold compress may be sufficient. In more severe cases, medical treatment may be necessary, including the use of prescription medications, surgery, or other interventions. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect that you or someone else has suffered an eye burn.
In the medical field, "Burns, Chemical" refers to a type of burn that occurs when a person comes into contact with a chemical substance that causes damage to the skin, eyes, or respiratory system. Chemical burns can be caused by a wide range of substances, including acids, alkalis, solvents, and other toxic chemicals. The severity of a chemical burn depends on several factors, including the type and concentration of the chemical, the duration of exposure, and the area of the body affected. Chemical burns can cause immediate pain, redness, swelling, and blistering of the skin, and may also lead to more serious complications if not treated promptly and appropriately. Treatment for chemical burns typically involves removing the chemical from the skin as quickly as possible, washing the affected area with copious amounts of water, and applying a neutralizing agent to neutralize any remaining chemical. In more severe cases, medical attention may be required to manage pain, prevent infection, and treat any systemic effects of the chemical exposure.
Eye diseases refer to any medical conditions that affect the eyes, including the structures and tissues that make up the eye, as well as the visual system. These conditions can range from minor irritations and infections to more serious and potentially blinding conditions. Some common examples of eye diseases include: 1. Cataracts: A clouding of the lens in the eye that can cause vision loss. 2. Glaucoma: A group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss. 3. Age-related macular degeneration: A progressive eye disease that affects the central part of the retina and can cause vision loss. 4. Diabetic retinopathy: A complication of diabetes that can damage the blood vessels in the retina and lead to vision loss. 5. Retinitis pigmentosa: A genetic disorder that causes progressive vision loss. 6. Conjunctivitis: An inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye. 7. Uveitis: An inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, including the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. 8. Corneal dystrophies: A group of inherited conditions that cause abnormal growth of the cornea, the clear front part of the eye. 9. Optic neuritis: An inflammation of the optic nerve that can cause vision loss. 10. Strabismus: A condition in which the eyes do not align properly, which can cause double vision. These are just a few examples of the many eye diseases that can affect people. Early detection and treatment are important for preventing vision loss and preserving sight.
Brain injuries refer to any type of damage or trauma that affects the brain, which is the most complex and vital organ in the human body. Brain injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including physical trauma, such as a blow to the head, exposure to toxins, infections, or degenerative diseases. Brain injuries can range from mild to severe and can affect different parts of the brain, leading to a wide range of symptoms and complications. Some common types of brain injuries include concussion, contusion, hematoma, edema, and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Symptoms of brain injuries can vary depending on the severity and location of the injury, but may include headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, memory loss, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, changes in behavior or personality, seizures, and loss of consciousness. Treatment for brain injuries depends on the severity and type of injury, and may include medications, surgery, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. In some cases, rehabilitation may be necessary to help individuals recover from the effects of a brain injury and regain their ability to function in daily life.
Wounds, Nonpenetrating, also known as superficial wounds, are injuries to the skin and underlying tissues that do not penetrate through to the other side of the skin. These types of wounds can be caused by a variety of factors, including cuts, scrapes, burns, and bruises. Nonpenetrating wounds are typically less severe than penetrating wounds, which can damage underlying structures such as bones, muscles, and organs. Treatment for nonpenetrating wounds typically involves cleaning the wound, applying dressings, and monitoring for signs of infection. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent or treat infection.
Hyphema is a medical condition characterized by the presence of blood within the front part of the eye, known as the anterior chamber. It occurs when blood vessels in the eye are damaged, causing blood to leak into the anterior chamber. Hyphema can be caused by a variety of factors, including blunt trauma to the eye, eye surgery, high blood pressure, or certain medical conditions such as sickle cell disease or glaucoma. Symptoms of hyphema may include eye pain, redness, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, and the appearance of a red ring around the iris. In severe cases, hyphema can lead to vision loss if it is not treated promptly. Treatment for hyphema typically involves rest, ice packs, and the use of eye drops to reduce inflammation and prevent further bleeding. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the blood from the anterior chamber and restore normal vision.
Spinal cord injuries (SCI) are a type of injury that occurs when the spinal cord is damaged or disrupted, usually as a result of trauma or disease. The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the back of the neck and lower back, and it is responsible for transmitting signals between the brain and the rest of the body. When the spinal cord is injured, it can result in a range of symptoms, depending on the location and severity of the injury. These can include loss of sensation or movement in the affected area, difficulty with bladder or bowel control, and changes in sexual function. SCI can be caused by a variety of factors, including car accidents, falls, sports injuries, and acts of violence. Treatment for SCI typically involves a combination of medical and rehabilitative care, and the goal is to help individuals with SCI regain as much function as possible and improve their quality of life.
Reperfusion injury is a type of damage that occurs when blood flow is restored to an organ or tissue that has been deprived of oxygen for a prolonged period of time. This can happen during a heart attack, stroke, or other conditions that cause blood flow to be blocked to a particular area of the body. When blood flow is restored, it can cause an inflammatory response in the affected tissue, leading to the release of free radicals and other harmful substances that can damage cells and tissues. This can result in a range of symptoms, including swelling, pain, and organ dysfunction. Reperfusion injury can be particularly damaging to the heart and brain, as these organs are highly sensitive to oxygen deprivation and have a limited ability to repair themselves. Treatment for reperfusion injury may involve medications to reduce inflammation and prevent further damage, as well as supportive care to manage symptoms and promote healing.
Blindness is a medical condition characterized by a severe loss of vision that affects a person's ability to see and navigate their environment. In medical terms, blindness is defined as visual acuity of less than 20/200 in the better eye, even with corrective lenses. This means that a person with blindness cannot see as well as a person with normal vision, and may have difficulty recognizing faces, reading, or performing other tasks that require good vision. Blindness can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic disorders, eye injuries, infections, diseases such as glaucoma or cataracts, and aging. It can also be caused by neurological conditions such as stroke or brain injury, or by certain medications or toxins. Treatment for blindness depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In some cases, corrective lenses or surgery may be able to improve vision. In other cases, rehabilitation and assistive technology such as braille, audio books, and guide dogs may be necessary to help individuals with blindness live independently and participate fully in society.
Contusions, also known as bruises, are a type of injury that occurs when blood vessels in the skin and underlying tissues are damaged, causing bleeding into the surrounding tissue. This can result in a discoloration of the skin, usually appearing as a dark, blue or purple mark. Contusions can be caused by a variety of factors, including blunt trauma, falls, and sports injuries. They are typically not serious and can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation. In some cases, however, more severe contusions may require medical attention.
Retinal detachment is a medical condition in which the retina, the light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye, separates from the underlying tissue. This can cause vision loss and, if left untreated, can lead to permanent blindness. Retinal detachment can occur due to a variety of factors, including trauma, eye surgery, or certain medical conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure. Treatment typically involves surgery to repair the detached retina and prevent further damage.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the thin, transparent membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the white part of the eye. It is commonly known as "pink eye" and can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacteria, viruses, allergies, irritants, and certain medications. The symptoms of conjunctivitis can include redness, itching, tearing, sensitivity to light, and discharge from the eyes. The severity and duration of the symptoms can vary depending on the cause of the inflammation. Treatment for conjunctivitis depends on the underlying cause. For bacterial conjunctivitis, antibiotics may be prescribed. For viral conjunctivitis, there is no specific treatment, but the symptoms can be managed with over-the-counter eye drops or ointments. Allergic conjunctivitis can be treated with antihistamines or allergy drops. In some cases, the conjunctivitis may resolve on its own without any treatment. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have conjunctivitis, as it can be contagious and can spread to others, especially if it is caused by a virus.
Leg injuries refer to any type of damage or trauma that affects the muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, or nerves in the leg. These injuries can range from minor sprains and strains to more severe fractures, dislocations, and nerve damage. Leg injuries can occur as a result of accidents, sports injuries, falls, or other types of trauma. Treatment for leg injuries depends on the severity of the injury and may include rest, ice, compression, elevation, physical therapy, or surgery. It is important to seek medical attention for any leg injury to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.
Lung injury refers to any damage or injury to the lungs, which can be caused by a variety of factors such as infections, physical trauma, chemical exposure, or medical procedures. The severity of lung injury can range from mild to severe, and it can affect different parts of the lungs, including the airways, alveoli, and blood vessels. Some common types of lung injury include: 1. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS): A severe lung injury that occurs when the lungs become inflamed and unable to function properly, leading to difficulty breathing and low oxygen levels in the blood. 2. Pneumonia: An infection of the lungs that can cause inflammation, fluid buildup, and damage to the alveoli. 3. Pulmonary edema: A condition in which fluid accumulates in the lungs, causing difficulty breathing and shortness of breath. 4. Pulmonary embolism: A blockage of a blood vessel in the lungs, which can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and other symptoms. 5. Asbestosis: A lung disease caused by exposure to asbestos fibers, which can lead to scarring and inflammation of the lungs. Treatment for lung injury depends on the underlying cause and severity of the injury. In some cases, supportive care such as oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation may be necessary. In other cases, medications or surgery may be required to treat the underlying cause of the injury.
Asthenopia is a condition characterized by eye strain, discomfort, or blurriness when looking at objects up close or for an extended period of time. It is also known as visual fatigue or eye fatigue. Asthenopia can be caused by a variety of factors, including prolonged near work, poor lighting, inadequate visual accommodation, and refractive errors such as myopia or hyperopia. Symptoms of asthenopia may include headache, eye pain, watering, redness, and sensitivity to light. Treatment for asthenopia typically involves addressing the underlying cause, such as taking breaks from near work, improving lighting conditions, and correcting refractive errors with glasses or contact lenses. In some cases, eye exercises or other therapies may also be recommended to help alleviate symptoms.
Eye infections caused by fungi are a common type of ocular infection. Fungal eye infections can affect the cornea, conjunctiva, or eyelids. Symptoms of fungal eye infections may include redness, itching, burning, discharge, and sensitivity to light. Treatment for fungal eye infections typically involves the use of antifungal medications, such as topical creams or ointments, or oral medications. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the infected tissue. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a fungal eye infection, as untreated infections can lead to serious complications, such as vision loss.
Eye infections, also known as ocular infections, are infections that affect the structures of the eye, including the eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, iris, and retina. These infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms, and can range from mild to severe. Common symptoms of eye infections include redness, itching, burning, discharge from the eye, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. In some cases, eye infections can cause more serious complications, such as vision loss or even blindness. Treatment for eye infections depends on the type and severity of the infection. In general, treatment may involve the use of antibiotics, antiviral medications, or antifungal medications, as well as measures to relieve symptoms such as eye drops or ointments. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue or repair damage to the eye. Prevention of eye infections involves good hygiene practices, such as washing hands regularly and avoiding touching the eyes, as well as practicing safe behaviors such as not sharing towels or makeup with others. It is also important to wear protective eyewear when working with chemicals or other substances that can irritate the eyes.
Eye infections caused by bacteria are a common type of eye infection that can affect people of all ages. These infections can cause a range of symptoms, including redness, swelling, itching, discharge, and sensitivity to light. Bacterial eye infections can affect the surface of the eye (conjunctivitis) or the inside of the eye (endophthalmitis). Conjunctivitis is the most common type of bacterial eye infection and can be caused by a variety of bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus. Endophthalmitis is a more serious infection that can cause vision loss and is typically treated with antibiotics administered directly into the eye. Bacterial eye infections are usually treated with antibiotics, which can be taken orally or applied directly to the eye. In some cases, additional treatment may be necessary to manage symptoms or prevent complications. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a bacterial eye infection, as prompt treatment can help prevent the infection from spreading and reduce the risk of complications.
Conjunctivitis, inclusion is a type of bacterial conjunctivitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib). It is characterized by the presence of yellow or greenish discharge from the eyes, redness, swelling, and itching. The discharge may contain small, clear, gelatinous masses called "inclusions" that can be seen under a microscope. Inclusion conjunctivitis is usually seen in children under the age of 5, but it can also occur in adults. It is usually treated with antibiotics, and most cases resolve within a few days to a week. However, if left untreated, it can lead to more serious complications such as meningitis.
Keratoconjunctivitis is a medical condition that affects the cornea and conjunctiva, which are the clear outer layer of the eye and the thin, moist membrane that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids. Keratoconjunctivitis is characterized by inflammation and irritation of the cornea and conjunctiva, which can cause redness, swelling, itching, discharge, and sensitivity to light. There are several types of keratoconjunctivitis, including viral keratoconjunctivitis, bacterial keratoconjunctivitis, and allergic keratoconjunctivitis. Treatment for keratoconjunctivitis depends on the underlying cause and may include antihistamines, antibiotics, or antiviral medications, as well as eye drops or ointments to relieve symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.
Eye injuries during general anaesthesia
Chemical eye injury
Eye injuries in the 2019-2020 Chilean protests
Sports-related traumatic brain injury
Michael Belkin (ophthalmologist)
Killing of Keith Lamont Scott
Robert M. Schertzer
Colin White (ice hockey, born 1977)
Effects of nuclear explosions
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- Eye injuries caused by fireworks are often severe and can cause permanently reduced visual acuity or blindness. (cdc.gov)
- Things that happen to the eyes are: ruptured globe, chemical burns, retinal detachment, corneal abrasions - all have potential to lead to blindness. (eyephysicians.com)
- Once shrapnel starts flying, goggles can be the difference between permanent blindness and walking away with no injury. (visionsource-beachsideoptometry.com)
- Eye injuries are the leading cause of blindness in children in the United States and most injuries occurring in school-aged children are sports-related. (meridianeyecarepc.com)
- These injuries can arise in many circumstances and, in some cases, may lead to blindness. (colemanlegalpartners.ie)
- When handled improperly, toys have been known to cause serious eye injury and even blindness. (visionsource-joplin.com)
Sports-Related Eye Injuries6
- Did you know there are roughly 40,000 sports-related eye injuries every year in the U.S. alone? (forguesvisionsource.com)
- In fact, most victims of sports-related eye injuries are children. (forguesvisionsource.com)
- A staggering 90 percent of reported sports-related eye injuries are preventable! (forguesvisionsource.com)
- If you were to do a Google news search for sports-related eye injuries today, chances are you'd find multiple recent stories about some pretty scary eye injuries. (meridianeyecarepc.com)
- One-third of the victims of sports-related eye injuries are children. (meridianeyecarepc.com)
- Ninety percent of sports-related eye injuries could be avoided with the use of protective eyewear. (meridianeyecarepc.com)
- Most eye injuries are preventable. (medlineplus.gov)
Common Eye Injuries1
- It is one of the most common eye injuries seen. (retinasocal.com)
- Caustic injuries of the eye usually occur accidentally and can result in minor eye irritations to total loss of vision. (nih.gov)
- Caustic injuries of the gastrointestinal tract can occur due to inadvertent ingestion of mislabelled fluids or as a suicidal attempt. (nih.gov)
- Less often, infection can occur after eye surgery such as corneal transplant surgery or cataract surgery. (cdc.gov)
- Did you know that according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), nearly half of all eye injuries occur in the home? (texasretina.com)
- Direct injury to the eye leading to a possible loss in vision can occur in multiple ways including small particles or objects striking the eye, blunt force trauma, chemical burns, and thermal burns. (cdc.gov)
- Tears can occur due to various reasons such as poking a fingernail into the eye or a makeup brush, or dirt, sawdust, sand or any foreign particle entering the eye. (retinasocal.com)
- Eye injuries often occur as a result of road traffic accidents . (colemanlegalpartners.ie)
- Your eye injury may occur in a public place such as a hotel, supermarket or restaurant. (colemanlegalpartners.ie)
- Sadly, each year about one million eye injuries occur in the United States-90 percent of which could have been prevented if protective eyewear had been worn. (visionsource-joplin.com)
- Did you know that nearly 50 percent of eye injuries occur in the home? (visionsource-joplin.com)
- of the 274 (6%) fireworks-related injuries, 255 (93%) were unintentional injuries. (cdc.gov)
- Damage from Foreign Objects or Substances - A foreign object that flies into the eye can lacerate the eye or even pierce the eyeball, becoming embedded. (positiveeyeons.com)
- It is always advised not to touch the eyeball or rub the eyes forcefully. (retinasocal.com)
- The term eye injury encompasses not only injuries to the eyeball itself but also damage to the area surrounding the eye, including the eye socket, tissue, and ligaments. (colemanlegalpartners.ie)
- Cataracts affected the ageing population of both developed and developing countries: in the United States an estimated 20.5 million people over the age of 40 had cataracts in either eye. (who.int)
- Evaluate and initiate treatment of the child presenting with four types of eye injury: chemical contact, foreign body, corneal abrasion and open globe. (pediacastcme.org)
Water for 15 minutes2
- If you have a chemical in your eye , rinse the eye with lukewarm water for 15 minutes, then come to us for treatment. (positiveeyeons.com)
- If the injury is caused due to a chemical burn, the eye should be flushed with water for 15 minutes and the patient taken to the emergency room for evaluation. (retinasocal.com)
- What Causes Fungal Eye Infections? (cdc.gov)
- Some fungi that cause eye infections, such as Fusarium , live in the environment and are often associated with plant material. (cdc.gov)
- People who have had surgery to replace their corneas (the clear, front layer of the eye) are at higher risk of fungal eye infections. (cdc.gov)
- Fungal eye infections could happen after an invasive eye procedure such as an injection. (cdc.gov)
- Some infections have been traced to contaminated medical products such as contact lens solution, 3 irrigation solution 4 and dye 5 used during eye surgery, or corticosteroids injected directly into the eye. (cdc.gov)
- Rarely, fungal eye infections can happen after a fungal bloodstream infection such as candidemia spreads to the eye. (cdc.gov)
- Corneal Abrasions - Foreign bodies or infections can lead to corneal abrasions, especially in people who suffer from dry eye . (positiveeyeons.com)
Percent of eye injuries1
- The AAO also reports that more than 40 percent of eye injuries each year are related to sports or recreation activities yet very few people wear proper sports goggles to protect their vision. (texasretina.com)
- A 15-year-old boy was transferred to an ocular trauma center with periocular erythema, pain, and blurry vision in his right eye after getting accidentally shot in the face with a paintball during a tournament. (medscape.com)
- Department of Ocular Trauma, Joint Shantou International Eye Center of Shantou University and The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou, Guangdong, China. (bvsalud.org)
- Still, injuries can damage your eye, sometimes severely enough that you could lose your vision. (medlineplus.gov)
- Black eyes themselves usually have no effect on vision, although other eye injuries that accompany them may be serious. (msdmanuals.com)
- They range from mild corneal abrasions (a scratch to the outer surface of eye) to vision threatening, severe injuries such as a ruptured globe. (stclair.org)
- Injuries that penetrate the eye can cause severe problems, including retinal detachment , infection and vision loss. (texasretina.com)
- Hagelin revealed months later that the stick blade ruptured the choroid in the back of his left eye and that his vision will never be the same. (russianmachineneverbreaks.com)
- Basically there's scar tissue and there's damage to the eye that will affect my vision. (russianmachineneverbreaks.com)
- Color vision using Ishihara plates were 3/6 and 6/6 in the right and left eye, respectively. (medscape.com)
- With any eye injury, later infection can also lead to loss of vision in one or both eyes as the optical nerve from each eye joins together. (cdc.gov)
- Many of these injuries can cause further damage to your eyesight and vision if left untreated. (imatrix.com)
- If you have recently sustained an eye injury, or would like to learn more about the effective preventative measures that you can take to protect your vision, please call Eye Site Texas today at (281) 644-2010 in Katy or our Memorial location at (713) 984-9144 to schedule a consultation. (imatrix.com)
- The symptoms are a pain in the eye, redness, blurred vision, feeling of burning and discomfort, sensitivity to light, watery eyes and swelling. (retinasocal.com)
- It is better to see an eye specialist for a general eye examination, even for minor injuries, despite whether you notice a reduction in vision or not. (eyemantra.in)
- Although his right eye still experiences pain, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision, Tafa is grateful that the injury is not career-ending or causing serious damage to his eye. (bettingplanet.com)
- Right eye still in some pain, sensitive to light and blurred vision on the but I thank God nothing that was going to end my career or cause serious damage to my eye. (bettingplanet.com)
- Common household objects can be dangerous to our eyes if proper precautions are not taken to protect our vision. (visionsource-joplin.com)
- In fact, over 100,000 workers each year are disabled due to eye injury and subsequent vision loss. (visionsource-joplin.com)
- Many eye injuries unfortunately lead to lost or impaired vision. (visionsource-joplin.com)
- Perform an eye/vision screening examination on infants and young children and refer to pediatric ophthalmology when appropriate. (pediacastcme.org)
- WHO should therefore accord more importance to eye care in order to achieve the objectives of VISION 2020. (who.int)
- Furthermore, the recommendations of the VISION 2020 regional consultation, concerning the planning of human resources in eye care, should be fully implemented. (who.int)
- Scratching the surface of their eye while inserting or removing their contact lenses. (imatrix.com)
- Chemical or radiation burns, rubbing the eyes aggressively and improper placement of the contact lenses or wearing dirty contact lenses can also cause corneal and conjunctival tears. (retinasocal.com)
- Ordinary prescription glasses, contact lenses, and sunglasses do not protect against eye injuries. (meridianeyecarepc.com)
- Bottle rockets accounted for 68% of the injuries to bystanders. (cdc.gov)
- All told, 14% of fireworks injuries are eye injuries - and most of those (60%) are suffered by bystanders. (stclair.org)
- The worst part is that the majority of these injuries were sustained by innocent bystanders, not careless firework operators. (visionsource-beachsideoptometry.com)
- Glaucoma is an eye condition defined as an optic neuropathy for which increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is a significant risk factor. (medscape.com)
- In the study by Kargi et al, visual function was evaluated retrospectively with an average follow-up of 11.6 years in 204 eyes of 126 patients who had childhood glaucoma including congenital glaucoma and secondary glaucoma with or without syndrome association. (medscape.com)
- According to the US Consumer Products Safety Commission, emergency rooms treat nearly 13,000 fireworks injuries each year, with 8,700 of those happening during the Independence Day period alone. (stclair.org)
- However the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission reports 13,000 injuries from fireworks in 2017. (eyephysicians.com)
- If you experience any of these injuries, and your symptoms do not clear up right away, please call Eye Site Texas to schedule an appointment right away. (imatrix.com)
- An eye injury can catch you off guard to the point that you may not be sure exactly what happened to cause your pain and other symptoms. (positiveeyeons.com)
- For children under 10, most eye injuries come from accidentally being struck by a person or object, car crashes and accidents with sharp objects (so "no running with scissors" is sound advice). (stclair.org)
- Each year many workers suffer eye-related injuries. (cdc.gov)
- UFF Heavyweight Justin Tafa's recent injury update reveals that he has been cleared of any major damage to both eyes, but unfortunately, both eyes did suffer some damage. (bettingplanet.com)
- Cleared of any major damage to both eyes but both eyes did suffer some damage. (bettingplanet.com)
- But it came with a cost as he had to suffer a severe eye injury. (hollywoodmask.com)
- If you or a family member sustains an eye injury, even if you think it is minor, see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. (texasretina.com)
- When an eye injury happens, ask for medical help from an ophthalmologist or another doctor as soon as possible for eye checkup - even if the injury seems minor. (eyemantra.in)
- After covering Cataract Awareness for several weeks, we close out the month with June's second awareness - Fireworks Eye Safety. (eyephysicians.com)
- Blunt Force Trauma - A blow to the eye can cause numerous forms of damage, including the well-known "black eye ," swelling around the eye , and an iris inflammation called traumatic iritis. (positiveeyeons.com)
- They are affected by notable blunt force trauma to the eye and face, such as hit by a bat, hockey stick, etc. (eyemantra.in)
- Prevention is key - wear eye protection! (stclair.org)
- Wear safety glasses when doing anything that could cause something to splash or fly into your eye. (texasretina.com)
- Ensuring that workers wear proper eye protection and have it available is an important aspect of work safety management programs. (cdc.gov)
- Always wear protective eye goggles or eyewear when participating in athletic activities, especially swimming. (imatrix.com)
- Wear eye protection, and don't carry fireworks in your pocket - the friction could set them off. (eyephysicians.com)
- While it may not be the most fashionable thing to wear on the basketball court or the soccer field, studies show that 90 percent of sport-related eye injuries could be prevented by the use of protective eyewear. (visionsource-joplin.com)
- The severe injuries need medical attention while minor injuries can be treated at home itself. (eyemantra.in)
- While most caustic injuries are treated symptomatically, exposures to hydrofluoric acid (HFA) frequently necessitate specific topic, subcutaneous, intralesional, intravenous or intraarterial injections of calcium gluconate to bind fluoride ions until analgesia. (nih.gov)
- Protective eyewear is required by OSHA regulations under General Industry 1910.133.a(1) Eye and Face Protection where it states: "The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation. (cdc.gov)
- If the injury is of moderate severity, then the doctor may recommend antibiotic eye drops and lubricants. (retinasocal.com)
- The type and severity of the injury will differ depending on a multitude of factors. (colemanlegalpartners.ie)
- The ringside doctor remained skeptical about Tafa's ability to continue, ultimately leading to the decision of a no-contest ruling due to the severity of the injury. (bettingplanet.com)
- Contact lens wearers should change/clean their contacts as directed, making sure they have the right kind of contacts for their eyes. (positiveeyeons.com)
- The registry contains information only for patients who have sustained a serious eye injury, defined as 'an injury resulting in permanent and significant, structural or functional ocular change. (cdc.gov)
- Patients with grade 3b injuries may underwent prompt surgical resection in single cases, even if no perforation is confirmed. (nih.gov)
- These injuries account for an estimated 100,000 physician visits per year at a cost of more than $175 million. (meridianeyecarepc.com)
- Traumatic iritis is swelling of the coloured part of the eye that encircles the pupil (iris) and happens after an eye injury. (eyemantra.in)
- Immediate ophthalmologic referral is recommended for all but the most trivial chemical burns to the eye. (nih.gov)
- For selection of type of eyewear, face shield, goggles, etc. and the proper identification associated with its use, [see the ISEA (International Safety Equipment Association) Guide (excerpt from Z87 standard) at Eye-and-Face-Selection-Guide-tool.pdf (safetyequipment.org) ]. (cdc.gov)
- Protective eyewear includes safety glasses and goggles, safety shields, and eye guards designed for individual sports. (meridianeyecarepc.com)
- Prompt attention to all eye injuries warrants a follows up by your eye doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. (retinasocal.com)
- Prompt treatment of any eye injury is important. (cdc.gov)
- A bit piece can scratch the cornea and create an infection, the eye must be tested by a doctor if irritation remains after cleaning. (eyemantra.in)
- Of the 70 fireworks-related injuries reported, 40 (57%) occurred during the Independence Day holiday period, and 27 (39%) occurred during the New Year's holiday period. (cdc.gov)
- All of us at Eye Physicians and Surgeons wish you a happy and safe summer season and use your safety awareness while celebrating Independence Day! (eyephysicians.com)
- The most important step to remember when you sustain an eye injury is to avoid rubbing your eye or otherwise scratching or itching the area! (imatrix.com)
- Scratches can make your eye sensitive to infection from bacteria or a fungus. (eyemantra.in)
- Anterior segment examination of the right eye revealed a subconjunctival hemorrhage involving the inferior temporal conjunctiva, with an adjacent corneal epithelial abrasion measuring approximately 1 mm in diameter. (medscape.com)
- A tear or injury to the cornea and conjunctiva is often described as a scratch or abrasion that is caused superficially on the delicate surface of the cornea and conjunctiva. (retinasocal.com)
- Gonioscopic examination of the right eye revealed a microhyphema layered inferiorly and slight enlargement of the ciliary body band in one quadrant. (medscape.com)
- Peripheral retinal examination revealed two large circumferentially oriented symmetric patches of retinal whitening centered at the equator involving the superior nasal and inferior temporal quadrants of the eye. (medscape.com)
- Examination of the left eye was normal. (medscape.com)
- A 14-year-old girl was referred to the eye clinic at the Medical University of Vienna with an unknown parasite detected during ophthalmologic examination. (cdc.gov)
- Slit lamp examination revealed a mobile parasite swimming like a fish in the anterior chamber of the eye ( Appendix Video ) signs of local inflammation with cells and Tyndall phenomena were present. (cdc.gov)
- Avoid itching and rubbing your eyes while you are wearing your corrective lenses. (imatrix.com)
- If you are hit in the eye area, apply ice to the region right away and avoid rubbing or pressing on the eye. (imatrix.com)
- You can avoid eye injuries by following some smart preventatives strategies. (positiveeyeons.com)
- OSHA 1910.133 requires safety protective eyewear conforming to ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2010/2003/1989/1998 American National Standard for Occupational and Educational Personal Eye and Face Protection Devices or better standards. (cdc.gov)
- Kindly apply a protective bandage or gauze piece over the eye until you can get preventive attention. (eyemantra.in)
- Roughly 1,200 fireworks injuries are caused by sparklers every year. (stclair.org)
- Sparklers burn hotter than 1200°F. To minimize risk of injury, make sure any children under the age of 12 are under close supervision while using them, don't run while holding them, always hold them at arm's length from your body, and never use more than one at a time. (visionsource-beachsideoptometry.com)
- Few health issues can cause as much panic or discomfort as an eye injury. (positiveeyeons.com)
- Most injuries were caused by bottle rockets (58%) Figure 1 . (cdc.gov)
- Bottle rockets accounted for 58 (83%) injuries, including eight of 10 injuries resulting in permanent damage to the optic nerve and all those resulting in enucleation. (cdc.gov)
- But it's also a month that poses every kind of risk for eye injuries, from errant throws to errant bottle rockets and everything in between. (stclair.org)
- Heavyweight Dubois (15-1, 14 KOs) took a knee in the tenth after getting hit by a powerful jab directly on his swollen left eye, and he was counted out by referee Ian John-Lewis. (boxingnews24.com)
- One of the problems is when your eye is so swollen, they can't do certain things that they'd like to do to let the swelling go down. (boxingnews24.com)
- Swollen eyelids can emerge from being hit in the eye by any object like a ball moving at a high speed. (eyemantra.in)
- It can be made by a poke in the eye or a cut to the eye from a blunt object, such as a ball or a hand. (eyemantra.in)
- The most common type of injury happens when something irritates the outer surface of your eye. (medlineplus.gov)
- Industry workers are at a higher risk of eye injury due to the materials and machines they work with. (visionsource-joplin.com)
- To improve characterization of fireworks-related eye injuries, data were analyzed from the United States Eye Injury Registry (USEIR) for July 1990-December 1994 and from the Eye Injury Registry of Alabama (EIRA) for August 1982-July 1989. (cdc.gov)
- 32 states registered injuries during 1990-1994, and 27 states reported fireworks-related injuries during this period. (cdc.gov)
- This being July, one of the biggest culprits in eye injuries for all ages is probably obvious: fireworks. (stclair.org)
- Two-thirds of fireworks related injuries treated in emergency rooms have occurred between mid-June and mid-July. (eyephysicians.com)
- The most recent report from the U.S. Consumer Safety Commission tells us that 14% of fireworks injuries were eye injuries. (eyephysicians.com)
- It includes as well links to true personal stories of victims of fireworks injuries. (eyephysicians.com)
- The girl had redness, pain, and progressive visual loss in the right eye. (cdc.gov)
- One eye swells out of the eye socket, in comparison to the other. (eyemantra.in)