Haemorrhage and risk factors associated with retrobulbar/peribulbar block: a prospective study in 1383 patients. (1/35)Patients undergoing intraocular surgery are elderly and may have disease or be receiving medication which increases the risk of haemorrhage. We interviewed 1383 consecutive patients scheduled for eye surgery requiring retrobulbar/peribulbar block about their use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, oral steroids and warfarin. A history of diabetes mellitus and globe axial length was noted. Medial peribulbar and inferolateral retrobulbar blocks were performed by three specialists and six doctors in training. The ensuing haemorrhages were graded as follows: 1 = spot ecchymosis; 2 = lid ecchymosis involving half of the lid surface area or less; 3 = lid ecchymosis all around the eye, no increase in intraocular pressure; 4 = retrobulbar haemorrhage with increased intraocular pressure. Acetylsalicylic acid was taken by 482 (35%) patients, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by 260 (19%) and warfarin by 76 (5.5%). Lid haemorrhages (grades 1-3) were observed in 55 patients (4.0%); in 33 of these patients the haemorrhages were spotlike (grade 1). No grade 4 haemorrhages occurred. The preoperative use of acetylsalicylic acid, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or warfarin, whether or not they had been discontinued, did not predispose to haemorrhage associated with retrobulbar/peribulbar block. (+info)
Characteristics and functional outcome of traumatic hyphema without routine administration of epsilon-aminocaproic acid. (2/35)BACKGROUND: The prevalence of traumatic hyphema as well as the distribution of its severity varies among different patient populations. Treatment recommendations in the literature differ significantly among various published reports. This lack of a uniformly accepted treatment probably reflects the different characteristics of this pathology among the populations investigated and cells for a population-adjusted treatment recommendation. OBJECTIVES: To report the characteristics and functional outcome of patients with traumatic hyphema and to discuss possible recommendations regarding the use of epsilon-aminocaproic acid. METHODS: A prospective, non-randomized study was conducted in 154 consecutive patients with traumatic hyphema, including data collection of ophthalmic status at various time points, the presence or absence of secondary hemorrhage, and final visual acuity. RESULTS: Of the 154 eyes studied over 3 years, nearly 90% had hyphema of grade 1 or less, 5 (3.25%) experienced rebleeding, and 2 (1.3%)--neither of which rebled--needed surgical intervention. None of the four patients who experienced final visual acuity of 6/40 or less suffered rebleeding. CONCLUSION: The use of epsilon-aminocaproic acid in the studied population was unjustified and routine use of epsilon-aminocaproic acid in our patient population is probably not indicated. A treatment policy regarding epsilon-aminocaproic acid use should be adjusted to the population being treated. (+info)
Sub-Tenon anesthesia: a prospective study of 6,000 blocks. (3/35)BACKGROUND: An initial pilot study of 300 sub-Tenon local anesthetic blocks (STBs) for intraocular surgery established the effectiveness and patient acceptability of the technique. Following this, a decision was made in 1995 to change from sharp needle techniques to STB for all eye surgeries performed during local anesthesia at Auckland Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand) by reeducation of anesthetists and surgeons. At this point, sufficient data were not available to confirm that STB would avoid the complications associated with the passage of sharp needles into the orbit or would cause a different set of serious complications. METHODS: A prospective study of the next 6,000 consecutive STBs performed at Auckland Hospital was carried out over a period of 6 yr (from 1995 to 2000). RESULTS: Sub-Tenon block is very effective, with a surgeon and patient acceptability rate of 98.8%. Insertion of the sub-Tenon cannula and administration of the anesthetic produces minimal discomfort, being completely painless in 68.8% of cases. There were no serious block-related complications in this series, supporting the safety of the sub-Tenon technique. CONCLUSION: The experience at Auckland Hospital provides further support for the avoidance of passing sharp needles into the orbit. (+info)
Visual performance after interface haemorrhage during laser in situ keratomileusis. (4/35)AIM: To study the visual performance in eyes with interface haemorrhage during laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: Case records of 20 patients, who had bleeding from the limbal vessels in one eye during LASIK (group 1) and uncomplicated surgery in the fellow eye (group 2) were studied. The parameters evaluated were uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent of refraction (SEQ), contrast sensitivity, and glare acuity preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The mean preoperative SEQ in group 1 and 2 eyes was -5.79 (2.3) D and -5.27 (1.68) D, respectively. The mean decimal UCVA at 6 months after LASIK in group 1 and 2 eyes were 0.6 (0.2) and 1.0 respectively (p<0.001). The mean decimal BCVA at 1 week after LASIK in group 1 and 2 eyes were 0.89 (0.04) and 1.0 respectively (p<0.05). However, all eyes had a BCVA of 6/6 at 1, 3, and 6 months after LASIK. The mean contrast sensitivity values preoperatively in group 1 and 2 eyes were 161.3 (8.7) and 172 (68.2) respectively. There was a significant decrease in group 1 at 6 months (102 (60.5) (p<0.01)) compared to group 2. The decimal glare acuity preoperatively in group 1 and 2 eyes was 0.95 (0.11) and 0.89 (0.12), respectively. It decreased significantly in group 1 (0.7) (0.1 (p<0.01)) compared to group 2 at the 6 month follow up. CONCLUSION: Occurrence of intraoperative interface haemorrhage may affect the visual performance following LASIK surgery. (+info)
Spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage--a sign of hypertension? (5/35)The relationship between the condition of spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage (SCH) and hypertension was investigated. Seventy eight patients with SCH and 78 controls with unrelated ophthalmic conditions were compared. Blood pressure (BP) was significantly higher at presentation in the group with SCH at 149 (SD 27)/89 (SD 15) versus 142 (SD 25)/81 (SD 12). The proportion of hypertensives by WHO criteria (systolic blood pressure > 160 and/or diastolic blood pressure >95) was 46% on presentation compared with 23% of the control group. The morphology of the lesion did not influence the association with hypertension although there was a suggestion that the group with raised haemorrhages had a tendency to higher systolic blood pressure. It is recommended that all patients with SCH have their BP checked; this will result in the diagnosis of a significant number of new hypertensives. (+info)
An uncommonly serious case of an uncommon sport injury. (6/35)BACKGROUND: A 55 year old man sustained a severe ocular injury when hit by a cricket ball even though he was wearing a helmet. METHODS: A suprachoroidal haemorrhage was drained and dense intravitreal blood was removed. An inferior buckle was applied with the use of intraocular gas. A macular haemorrhage resolved slowly. RESULTS: Despite several surgical procedures over 1.5 years, the final visual acuity of the patient was only 6/60 because of a dense macular scar. CONCLUSIONS: Helmets worn as protection when playing cricket need to be designed better and be of better material. Eye protection should be worn at all levels of play. (+info)
Management of traumatic optic neuropathy--a study of 23 patients. (7/35)Twenty three patients with traumatic optic neuropathy were managed by medical and surgical treatment as follows. High dose intravenous steroids were initiated in all patients. If visions did not improve significantly after 24 to 48 hours decompression of an optic nerve sheath haematoma by medial orbitotomy and neurosurgical decompression of the optic canal were considered based on computed tomographic scan findings. Nine of 16 patients who received steroids only showed significant improvement. One of three showed improvement on optic nerve decompression after steroid failure; three or four showed improvement on optic nerve decompression after steroid failure; three or four showed improvement with combined optic nerve sheath decompression by the medial orbitotomy and decompression of the optic canal by frontal craniotomy. A lucid interval of vision after injury and an enlarged optic nerve sheath were associated with an improved prognosis. Five of the 23 patients had a lucid interval and all five had a final improved vision, while only five of 18 patients without a lucid interval improved. Similarly seven of the nine with an enlarged optic nerve sheath showed improvement while only three of 10 patients (three bilateral cases) who presented with no light perception improved with medical and surgical treatment. While a prospective controlled study of the management of traumatic optic neuropathy is necessary this preliminary study suggests that treatment of traumatic optic nerve sheath haematoma by optic nerve sheath decompression should be considered in selected patients. (+info)
Neonatal haemorrhagic conjunctivitis: a specific sign of chlamydial infection. (8/35)OBJECTIVE: To review the bacteriological causes and clinical features of acute neonatal conjunctivitis in a local paediatric centre. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Paediatric unit of a regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: All neonates who presented to Tuen Mun Hospital from 1 January 1996 to 31 December 2002 with persistent eye discharge and a positive eye swab culture. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical features of neonates with chlamydial and non-chlamydial conjunctivitis. RESULTS: Of 90 neonates with positive eye swab or conjunctival scraping cultures, Chlamydia trachomatis was the second most common (n=19, 21%) cause of acute neonatal conjunctivitis after Staphylococcus aureus (n=32, 36%). All of the neonates with chlamydial conjunctivitis were delivered vaginally: two of them had concomitant chlamydial pneumonia. Neisseria gonorrhoeae conjunctivitis was rare (n=1, 1%). None of the mothers of neonates with Chlamydia had any history of sexually transmitted disease. The timing of presentation, gestational age, birth weight, and sex of the neonates did not suggest a risk of chlamydial infection. Nonetheless haemorrhagic eye discharge had a specificity of 100% and positive predictive value of 100% for chlamydial infection. There were no adverse ophthalmological consequences or complications of pyloric stenosis in any neonate following treatment with oral erythromycin. CONCLUSIONS: Haemorrhagic eye discharge is a highly specific sign of neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis. Early and prompt treatment with oral erythromycin is safe and effective. (+info)
There are several types of eye hemorrhages, including:
1. Subretinal hemorrhage: This type of hemorrhage occurs between the retina and the choroid, and can cause vision loss if the bleeding is severe.
2. Intravitreal hemorrhage: This type of hemorrhage occurs within the vitreous humor, the gel-like substance inside the eye. It can cause clouding of the lens and vision loss.
3. Retinal hemorrhage: This type of hemorrhage occurs on the surface of the retina and can cause vision loss if the bleeding is severe.
4. Choroidal hemorrhage: This type of hemorrhage occurs within the choroid, the layer of blood vessels between the sclera and retina. It can cause vision loss if the bleeding is severe.
Eye hemorrhages can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam, which includes visual acuity testing, dilated eye examination, and imaging tests such as fluorescein angiography or optical coherence tomography (OCT). Treatment for eye hemorrhages depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In some cases, no treatment may be necessary, while in other cases, medication or surgery may be required to prevent further bleeding and restore vision.
Example sentence: The patient had a hemorrhage after the car accident and needed immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage may include sudden severe headache, confusion, seizures, weakness or numbness in the face or limbs, and loss of consciousness. The condition is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as CT or MRI scans, and laboratory tests to determine the cause of the bleeding.
Treatment for cerebral hemorrhage depends on the location and severity of the bleeding, as well as the underlying cause. Medications may be used to control symptoms such as high blood pressure or seizures, while surgery may be necessary to repair the ruptured blood vessel or relieve pressure on the brain. In some cases, the condition may be fatal, and immediate medical attention is essential to prevent long-term damage or death.
Some of the most common complications associated with cerebral hemorrhage include:
1. Rebleeding: There is a risk of rebleeding after the initial hemorrhage, which can lead to further brain damage and increased risk of death.
2. Hydrocephalus: Excess cerebrospinal fluid can accumulate in the brain, leading to increased intracranial pressure and potentially life-threatening complications.
3. Brain edema: Swelling of the brain tissue can occur due to the bleeding, leading to increased intracranial pressure and potentially life-threatening complications.
4. Seizures: Cerebral hemorrhage can cause seizures, which can be a sign of a more severe injury.
5. Cognitive and motor deficits: Depending on the location and severity of the bleeding, cerebral hemorrhage can result in long-term cognitive and motor deficits.
6. Vision loss: Cerebral hemorrhage can cause vision loss or blindness due to damage to the visual cortex.
7. Communication difficulties: Cerebral hemorrhage can cause difficulty with speech and language processing, leading to communication difficulties.
8. Behavioral changes: Depending on the location and severity of the bleeding, cerebral hemorrhage can result in behavioral changes, such as irritability, agitation, or apathy.
9. Infection: Cerebral hemorrhage can increase the risk of infection, particularly if the hemorrhage is caused by a ruptured aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (AVM).
10. Death: Cerebral hemorrhage can be fatal, particularly if the bleeding is severe or if there are underlying medical conditions that compromise the patient's ability to tolerate the injury.
There are several types of intracranial hemorrhage, including:
1. Cerebral hemorrhage: Bleeding within the cerebral tissue itself, which can cause damage to brain cells and lead to a variety of complications.
2. Subarachnoid hemorrhage: Bleeding between the brain and the thin membrane that covers it (the meninges), which can cause severe headaches and other symptoms.
3. Epidural hemorrhage: Bleeding between the dura mater, a protective layer of tissue surrounding the brain, and the skull.
4. Subdural hemorrhage: Bleeding between the dura mater and the arachnoid membrane, which can cause severe headaches and other symptoms.
The symptoms of intracranial hemorrhage can vary depending on the location and severity of the bleeding, but may include:
* Sudden, severe headache
* Nausea and vomiting
* Confusion and disorientation
* Weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg
* Loss of consciousness
Diagnosis is typically made through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests (such as CT or MRI scans), and laboratory tests to determine the cause of the hemorrhage. Treatment depends on the location and severity of the bleeding, but may include medications to control symptoms, surgery to repair the source of the bleeding, or other interventions as needed.
Retinal hemorrhage can cause vision loss or blindness if not treated promptly. The bleeding can lead to scarring, which can cause permanent damage to the retina and affect vision. In some cases, retinal hemorrhage can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Retinal hemorrhage is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam, which includes a visual acuity test, dilated eye exam, and imaging tests such as fluorescein angiography or optical coherence tomography. Treatment options for retinal hemorrhage depend on the underlying cause and can include laser surgery, medication, or vitrectomy.
In summary, retinal hemorrhage is a serious condition that can cause vision loss or blindness if not treated promptly. It is essential to seek medical attention if symptoms such as blurred vision, flashes of light, or floaters are noticed. Early detection and treatment can help prevent or reduce vision loss in cases of retinal hemorrhage.
Postpartum hemorrhage can be caused by various factors, including:
1. Uterine atony: This occurs when the uterus fails to contract properly after delivery, leading to excessive bleeding.
2. Lacerations or tears in the genital tract: Tears in the vaginal tissues, cervix, or uterus can cause bleeding.
3. Placenta accreta or placenta praevia: These conditions occur when the placenta attaches abnormally to the uterine wall, causing bleeding during delivery.
4. Cervical insufficiency: This occurs when the cervix is unable to support the weight of the baby, leading to bleeding.
5. Blood coagulopathy disorders: These are rare conditions that affect the body's ability to form blood clots, leading to excessive bleeding.
Symptoms of PPH may include:
1. Heavy bleeding within the first 24 hours post-delivery
2. Soaking more than two pads per hour
3. Pale or clammy skin
4. Weak or rapid pulse
5. Shallow breathing
6. Confusion or disorientation
Treatment for PPH may include:
1. Observation and monitoring of vital signs
2. Administration of oxytocin to stimulate uterine contractions
3. Use of a blood transfusion to replace lost blood volume
4. Surgical intervention, such as suturing or repairing any lacerations or tears
5. Management of underlying causes, such as blood coagulopathy disorders
Prevention of PPH includes:
1. Proper prenatal care and monitoring of the mother's health during pregnancy
2. Use of cesarean delivery if necessary
3. Avoidance of excessive forceps or vacuum extraction during delivery
4. Use of oxytocin and other medications to stimulate uterine contractions
5. Close monitoring of the mother's vital signs after delivery
It is important for healthcare providers to be aware of the risk factors and symptoms of PPH, as well as the appropriate treatment and prevention strategies, in order to provide optimal care for mothers at risk of developing this condition.
There are many different types of eye diseases, including:
1. Cataracts: A clouding of the lens in the eye that can cause blurry vision and blindness.
2. Glaucoma: A group of diseases that damage the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss and blindness.
3. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD): A condition that causes vision loss in older adults due to damage to the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision.
4. Diabetic retinopathy: A complication of diabetes that can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina and lead to vision loss.
5. Detached retina: A condition where the retina becomes separated from the underlying tissue, leading to vision loss.
6. Macular hole: A small hole in the macula that can cause vision loss.
7. Amblyopia (lazy eye): A condition where one eye is weaker than the other and has reduced vision.
8. Strabismus (crossed eyes): A condition where the eyes are not aligned properly and point in different directions.
9. Conjunctivitis: An inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inside of the eyelids.
10. Dry eye syndrome: A condition where the eyes do not produce enough tears, leading to dryness, itchiness, and irritation.
Eye diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, age, environmental factors, and certain medical conditions. Some eye diseases are inherited, while others are acquired through lifestyle choices or medical conditions.
Symptoms of eye diseases can include blurry vision, double vision, eye pain, sensitivity to light, and redness or inflammation in the eye. Treatment options for eye diseases depend on the specific condition and can range from medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes.
Regular eye exams are important for detecting and managing eye diseases, as many conditions can be treated more effectively if caught early. If you experience any symptoms of eye disease or have concerns about your vision, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible.
The severity of GIH can vary widely, ranging from mild to life-threatening. Mild cases may resolve on their own or with minimal treatment, while severe cases may require urgent medical attention and aggressive intervention.
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Symptoms:
* Vomiting blood or passing black tarry stools
* Hematemesis (vomiting blood)
* Melena (passing black, tarry stools)
* Rectal bleeding
* Abdominal pain
* Weakness and dizziness
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Causes:
* Peptic ulcers
* Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
* Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
* Diverticulosis and diverticulitis
* Cancer of the stomach, small intestine, or large intestine
* Vascular malformations
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Diagnosis:
* Physical examination
* Medical history
* Laboratory tests (such as complete blood count and coagulation studies)
* Endoscopy (to visualize the inside of the gastrointestinal tract)
* Imaging studies (such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI)
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Treatment:
* Medications to control bleeding and reduce acid production in the stomach
* Endoscopy to locate and treat the site of bleeding
* Surgery to repair damaged blood vessels or remove a bleeding tumor
* Blood transfusions to replace lost blood
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Prevention:
* Avoiding alcohol and spicy foods
* Taking medications as directed to control acid reflux and other gastrointestinal conditions
* Maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle
* Reducing stress
* Avoiding smoking and excessive caffeine consumption.
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- Accompanying vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment can lead to permanent vision loss. (nih.gov)
- In otherwise healthy eyes, they are caused by the natural structure of the vitreous gel inside the eye that casts shadows on the retina. (aao.org)
- or leakage of blood vessels in the retina (vitreous hemorrhage). (nih.gov)
- 4] New vessels develop on the posterior hyaloid face, the iris and in the angle causing vitreous haemorrhage, retinal detachment and neovascular glaucoma. (who.int)
- A bright red spot is usually a subconjunctival hemorrhage . (aao.org)
- There are some safety concerns as eyelash extension treatments have been associated with numerous ocular conditions, including keratoconjunctivitis, allergic blepharitis, conjunctival erosion, subconjunctival hemorrhage, and traction alopecia. (aao.org)
- Patients with subconjunctival hemorrhage often present with an acute red eye. (aao.org)
- A coagulation profile may also be indicated in normotensive patients who experience repeated episodes of subconjunctival hemorrhage. (aao.org)
- Subconjunctival hemorrhage without an open globe injury may resolve spontaneously over two to three weeks. (aao.org)
- Blood in the white of the eye (subconjunctival hemorrhage). (healthwise.net)
- Next to central retinal artery occlusion, chemical burns to the eye, and endophthalmitis, a retinal detachment is one of the most time-critical eye emergencies encountered in the ED. Retinal detachment (RD) was first recognized in the early 1700s by de Saint-Yves, but clinical diagnosis remained elusive until Helmholtz invented the ophthalmoscope in 1851. (medscape.com)
- This stage is characterized by all the above signs plus new because of haemorrhage, tractional retinal detachment or vessels growing at the disc or elsewhere (Figure 2a). (who.int)
- CEA can also cause retinal or scleral coloboma, coloboma of the optic disc, retinal detachment , or intraocular hemorrhage. (wikipedia.org)
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding in the area between the brain and the thin tissues that cover the brain. (medlineplus.gov)
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by head injury in older people is often due to falls. (medlineplus.gov)
- Among the young, the most common injury leading to subarachnoid hemorrhage is motor vehicle crashes. (medlineplus.gov)
- When caused by trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage commonly occurs with other types of bleeding in the head. (medlineplus.gov)
- If your doctor thinks you have a subarachnoid hemorrhage, a head CT scan (without contrast dye) will be done right away. (medlineplus.gov)
- 5.4 Eye Eye-drops at 0.1% are effective in congestion of conjunctival allergy. (inchem.org)
- Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding into the brain's ventricular system (the communication network), which can result from physical trauma or from hemorrhaging (bleeding) during a stroke. (childrens.com)
- Intraventricular hemorrhage can damage or kill areas of the brain that are critical to development and motor function. (childrens.com)
- Intraventricular hemorrhage is a frequent cause of death in premature infants (babies born more than three weeks early). (childrens.com)
- A stroke (when blood flow to the brain is cut off and cells are damaged) is one cause of intraventricular hemorrhages. (childrens.com)
- Frequent blinking and rubbing of the eyes is most often due to irritation caused by pollen- or animal-related allergies . (aao.org)
- Allergic blepharitis typically presents as redness, irritation, itchiness, tearing and swollen eyelids affecting both eyes (although one side may be significantly more affected than the other side). (aao.org)
- People often live with minor eye irritation and problems for a long time, until the irritation or problems become bothersome enough to seek care. (healthwise.net)
- People who have skin problems and allergies often have ongoing minor problems with the skin of their eyelids and allergic irritation of the eyes. (healthwise.net)
- The most common side effects were eye irritation and eye pain . (drugs.com)
- Retinal hemorrhage secondary to other lesions, such as detachment or inflammation, should not be diagnosed separately (unless warranted by severity) but should be described in the pathology narrative. (nih.gov)
- Multiple new floaters or floaters that are accompanied by flashing lights or a curtain of vision loss can signal a retinal tear or inflammation inside the eye. (aao.org)
- Red eyes that may be caused by infection, inflammation, or tumors. (healthwise.net)
- Bleeding in major organs - including the lungs, brain, eyes, and heart - can also occur in more severe cases. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Other signs may include dehydration, yellowing of the eyes or gums (jaundice), small bleeding under the skin (petechiae), redness to the eyes (uveitis) and more. (cornell.edu)
- Symptoms of eye problems in children can sometimes be obvious and other times may be more subtle . (aao.org)
- Here are other common children's eye symptoms you may worry about, and how to handle them. (aao.org)
- An eye care professional can also rule out other more serious problems if symptoms do not improve with conservative treatment. (aao.org)
- Home treatment can relieve the symptoms of many minor eye problems. (healthwise.net)
- Eye symptoms that are new or that occur suddenly may be checked by an emergency medicine specialist . (healthwise.net)
- While AGI is independent of the President's BRAIN Initiative, many vision scientists are BRAIN grantees, and BRAIN research will accelerate AGI efforts to regrow and regulate retinal neurons and their connections in the eye and brain. (nih.gov)
- Failure of the cells of the posterior portion of the optic vesicles to express growth hormone affects the differentiation of other cells of the eye. (wikipedia.org)
- Eye lacerations usually require emergency care. (allaboutvision.com)
- Chief Ophthalmologist and Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the commonest microvascular complication of Head of Eye Department. (who.int)
- As retinopathy progresses, more severe signs of non-proliferative retinopathy (referred to Hard exudates and haemorrhages in the macula region as pre-proliferative diabetic retinopathy) appear. (who.int)
- This damage often forms a "spoke-wheel" pattern in the macula, which can be seen during an eye examination. (nih.gov)
- Newborn jaundice is when the skin and white parts of the eyes look yellow. (kidshealth.org)
- Substances or chemicals that are basic (alkali) are much more serious but may not seem so because they don't cause as much immediate eye pain or redness as acids. (allaboutvision.com)
- If discomfort is accompanied by redness and a sticky or gooey discharge, it can be a sign of viral or bacterial conjunctivitis , aka pink eye. (aao.org)
- Lucentis is one of several drugs that block VEGF and has been shown to be effective in other eye diseases. (nih.gov)
- Eye allergies can also cause tearing and/or a burning sensation and/or puffy eyelids. (aao.org)
- The glue may get into the eye if the patient washes their eyelids, or it may be vaporized by body temperature or humidity. (aao.org)
- Many people have minor eye problems, such as eyestrain, irritated eyes, or itchy, scaly eyelids ( blepharitis ). (healthwise.net)
- Damage to the retina impairs the sharpness of vision (visual acuity) in both eyes. (nih.gov)
- Treatment for allergic blepharitis may include antihistamine eye drops and/or oral tablet, and antibiotics and/or steroid eye drops. (aao.org)
- Hemorrhage (Figure 1, Figure 2, and Figure 3) is defined as extravasated blood cells (i.e., outside the blood vessels). (nih.gov)
- Many newborns also have red marks, scratches, bruises, and petechiae (peh-TEE-kee-eye), tiny specks of blood that leaked from small blood vessels in the skin. (kidshealth.org)
- This type of hemorrhage results in additional loss of oxygen to tissue because arteries carry oxygenated blood to the heart. (childrens.com)
- It occurs more frequently in people with dark hair or eyes, because they naturally produce more melanin. (aao.org)
- Next to central retinal artery occlusion, chemical burns to the eye, and endophthalmitis, it is one of the most time-critical eye emergencies encountered in the emergency setting. (medscape.com)
- Watery eyes from hay fever or other seasonal allergies. (healthwise.net)
- Figure 1 Eye, Retina - Hemorrhage in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. (nih.gov)
- These eye abnormalities can further impair vision or cause blindness. (nih.gov)
- If you're worried about a possible eye injury, play it safe and visit an eye doctor . (allaboutvision.com)
- If you know something has scratched your eye, it's very important to see your eye doctor or an emergency room/urgent care center to seek treatment for your eye injury. (allaboutvision.com)
- See your doctor as soon as possible to check out this type of eye injury. (allaboutvision.com)
- You could cause even more injury to your eye if you attempt to remove the object yourself or if you rub your eye. (allaboutvision.com)
- Pain isn't a common eye problem unless there has been an injury. (healthwise.net)
- Have you had an eye injury within the past week? (healthwise.net)
- Some common eye injuries, such as deep puncture wounds from accidents, could require immediate treatment or surgery to prevent permanent eye damage resulting in vision loss. (allaboutvision.com)
- This guide to common eye injuries can help you determine your next step following an accident, especially if you are in an emergency situation. (allaboutvision.com)
- Remember also that common sense safety precautions such as wearing safety goggles or glasses may be your best approach to preventing eye injuries altogether and maintaining healthy vision for a lifetime. (allaboutvision.com)
- Remember also that infections from eye injuries such as scratches can originate from unexpected sources such as a baby's fingernails or tree branches. (allaboutvision.com)
- Certain types of bacteria and fungi can enter the eye through a scratch and cause serious harm in as little as 24 hours. (allaboutvision.com)
- Pet dander, dust, pollen, smoke, perfumes and even foods can bring on an allergic reaction in the eye. (aao.org)
- Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee: I am pleased to present the President's Fiscal Year 2017 budget request for the National Eye Institute (NEI) of the National Institutes of Health. (nih.gov)
- An eye exam may show decreased eye movements which may indicate damage to the cranial nerves (in milder cases, an eye exam may show no problems). (medlineplus.gov)
- The NEI Audacious Goals Initiative (AGI) is a bold, strategic investment in neuro-regenerative medicine that will enable the restoration of vision through regeneration of the retina - the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye. (nih.gov)
- Eye strain or vision changes. (healthwise.net)
- Sudden problems such as new vision changes, pain in the eye, or increased drainage are often more serious. (healthwise.net)
- Are you having eye or vision problems? (healthwise.net)
- which is a specialized light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye. (nih.gov)