Partial or total replacement of the CORNEA from one human or animal to another.
The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.
Single layer of large flattened cells covering the surface of the cornea.
Centers for storing various parts of the eye for future use.
Partial or total replacement of all layers of a central portion of the cornea.
The process by which a tissue or aggregate of cells is kept alive outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
A surgical procedure or KERATOPLASTY involving selective stripping and replacement of diseased host DESCEMET MEMBRANE and CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM with a suitable and healthy donor posterior lamella. The advantage to this procedure is that the normal corneal surface of the recipient is retained, thereby avoiding corneal surface incisions and sutures.
Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing organs or tissue for future use.
Individuals supplying living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.
The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Disorder caused by loss of endothelium of the central cornea. It is characterized by hyaline endothelial outgrowths on Descemet's membrane, epithelial blisters, reduced vision, and pain.
The process by which organs are kept viable outside of the organism from which they were removed (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
The lamellated connective tissue constituting the thickest layer of the cornea between the Bowman and Descemet membranes.
An oval area in the retina, 3 to 5 mm in diameter, usually located temporal to the posterior pole of the eye and slightly below the level of the optic disk. It is characterized by the presence of a yellow pigment diffusely permeating the inner layers, contains the fovea centralis in its center, and provides the best phototropic visual acuity. It is devoid of retinal blood vessels, except in its periphery, and receives nourishment from the choriocapillaris of the choroid. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Diseases of the cornea.
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal organs in vitro. It refers to three-dimensional cultures of undisaggregated tissue retaining some or all of the histological features of the tissue in vivo. (Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
Diseases affecting the eye.
Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.
Centers for collecting, characterizing and storing human blood.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
Corneal and conjunctival dryness due to deficient tear production, predominantly in menopausal and post-menopausal women. Filamentary keratitis or erosion of the conjunctival and corneal epithelium may be caused by these disorders. Sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the eye and burning of the eyes may occur.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the eye; may also be hereditary.
Injury to any part of the eye by extreme heat, chemical agents, or ultraviolet radiation.
The surgical removal of the eyeball leaving the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents intact.
Color of the iris.
Centers for acquiring and storing semen.
A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.
Centers for acquiring, storing, and distributing human milk.
Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.
Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
Light sensory organ in ARTHROPODS consisting of a large number of ommatidia, each functioning as an independent photoreceptor unit.
Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
The pressure of the fluids in the eye.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
Sterile solutions that are intended for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the eye.
Methods and procedures for recording EYE MOVEMENTS.
The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.
The back two-thirds of the eye that includes the anterior hyaloid membrane and all of the optical structures behind it: the VITREOUS HUMOR; RETINA; CHOROID; and OPTIC NERVE.
An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The transparent, semigelatinous substance that fills the cavity behind the CRYSTALLINE LENS of the EYE and in front of the RETINA. It is contained in a thin hyaloid membrane and forms about four fifths of the optic globe.
A databank established by the Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 authorizing the Department of Health and Human Services to collect and release information on the professional competence and conduct of physicians, dentists, nurses, and other health care practitioners. The data include adverse actions on physicians' malpractice, licensure, hospital privileges, concealing of pertinent information, and the like.
The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Infection, moderate to severe, caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, which occurs either on the external surface of the eye or intraocularly with probable inflammation, visual impairment, or blindness.
The distance between the anterior and posterior poles of the eye, measured either by ULTRASONOGRAPHY or by partial coherence interferometry.
Former Netherlands overseas territory in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It had included the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and the southern part of St. Martin. The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010. Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are under the direct administration of the Netherlands. (From US Department of State, Background Note)
The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)
A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The clear, watery fluid which fills the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. It has a refractive index lower than the crystalline lens, which it surrounds, and is involved in the metabolism of the cornea and the crystalline lens. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p319)
The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers - the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.
A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.
The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.
Infections in the inner or external eye caused by microorganisms belonging to several families of bacteria. Some of the more common genera found are Haemophilus, Neisseria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Chlamydia.
Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)
A ring of tissue extending from the scleral spur to the ora serrata of the RETINA. It consists of the uveal portion and the epithelial portion. The ciliary muscle is in the uveal portion and the ciliary processes are in the epithelial portion.
The fluid secreted by the lacrimal glands. This fluid moistens the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA.
Eye movements that are slow, continuous, and conjugate and occur when a fixed object is moved slowly.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
Infections of the eye caused by minute intracellular agents. These infections may lead to severe inflammation in various parts of the eye - conjunctiva, iris, eyelids, etc. Several viruses have been identified as the causative agents. Among these are Herpesvirus, Adenovirus, Poxvirus, and Myxovirus.
Deviations from the average or standard indices of refraction of the eye through its dioptric or refractive apparatus.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132).
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
The thin, highly vascular membrane covering most of the posterior of the eye between the RETINA and SCLERA.
An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.
A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.
Visualization of a vascular system after intravenous injection of a fluorescein solution. The images may be photographed or televised. It is used especially in studying the retinal and uveal vasculature.
The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.
The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.
Images seen by one eye.
The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.
Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).
The concave interior of the eye, consisting of the retina, the choroid, the sclera, the optic disk, and blood vessels, seen by means of the ophthalmoscope. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Specialized cells in the invertebrates that detect and transduce light. They are predominantly rhabdomeric with an array of photosensitive microvilli. Illumination depolarizes invertebrate photoreceptors by stimulating Na+ influx across the plasma membrane.
Infection by a variety of fungi, usually through four possible mechanisms: superficial infection producing conjunctivitis, keratitis, or lacrimal obstruction; extension of infection from neighboring structures - skin, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx; direct introduction during surgery or accidental penetrating trauma; or via the blood or lymphatic routes in patients with underlying mycoses.
Mild to severe infections of the eye and its adjacent structures (adnexa) by adult or larval protozoan or metazoan parasites.
A dull or sharp painful sensation associated with the outer or inner structures of the eyeball, having different causes.
Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.
The surgical removal of the inner contents of the eye, leaving the sclera intact. It should be differentiated from ORBIT EVISCERATION which removes the entire contents of the orbit, including eyeball, blood vessels, muscles, fat, nerve supply, and periosteum.
The aperture in the iris through which light passes.
The absence or restriction of the usual external sensory stimuli to which the individual responds.
Removal of the whole or part of the vitreous body in treating endophthalmitis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, and some types of glaucoma.
Misalignment of the visual axes of the eyes. In comitant strabismus the degree of ocular misalignment does not vary with the direction of gaze. In noncomitant strabismus the degree of misalignment varies depending on direction of gaze or which eye is fixating on the target. (Miller, Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p641)
Intraocular hemorrhage from the vessels of various tissues of the eye.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
Degenerative changes in the RETINA usually of older adults which results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the MACULA LUTEA) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in dry and wet forms.
The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.
A nonspecific term referring to impaired vision. Major subcategories include stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia and toxic amblyopia. Stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia is a developmental disorder of the visual cortex. A discrepancy between visual information received by the visual cortex from each eye results in abnormal cortical development. STRABISMUS and REFRACTIVE ERRORS may cause this condition. Toxic amblyopia is a disorder of the OPTIC NERVE which is associated with ALCOHOLISM, tobacco SMOKING, and other toxins and as an adverse effect of the use of some medications.
Examination of the interior of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.
The portion of the optic nerve seen in the fundus with the ophthalmoscope. It is formed by the meeting of all the retinal ganglion cell axons as they enter the optic nerve.
A refractive error in which rays of light entering the eye parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus behind the retina, as a result of the eyeball being too short from front to back. It is also called farsightedness because the near point is more distant than it is in emmetropia with an equal amplitude of accommodation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The turning inward of the lines of sight toward each other.
A condition in which the intraocular pressure is elevated above normal and which may lead to glaucoma.
Recording of electric potentials in the retina after stimulation by light.
The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.
Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Glaucoma in which the angle of the anterior chamber is open and the trabecular meshwork does not encroach on the base of the iris.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The 2nd cranial nerve which conveys visual information from the RETINA to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS which sort at the OPTIC CHIASM and continue via the OPTIC TRACTS to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other targets include the SUPERIOR COLLICULI and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEI. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Conditions which produce injury or dysfunction of the second cranial or optic nerve, which is generally considered a component of the central nervous system. Damage to optic nerve fibers may occur at or near their origin in the retina, at the optic disk, or in the nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, or lateral geniculate nuclei. Clinical manifestations may include decreased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, impaired color vision, and an afferent pupillary defect.
Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
A pair of ophthalmic lenses in a frame or mounting which is supported by the nose and ears. The purpose is to aid or improve vision. It does not include goggles or nonprescription sun glasses for which EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES is available.
Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.
An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Method of measuring and mapping the scope of vision, from central to peripheral of each eye.
Inflammation of part or all of the uvea, the middle (vascular) tunic of the eye, and commonly involving the other tunics (sclera and cornea, and the retina). (Dorland, 27th ed)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Neurons of the innermost layer of the retina, the internal plexiform layer. They are of variable sizes and shapes, and their axons project via the OPTIC NERVE to the brain. A small subset of these cells act as photoreceptors with projections to the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS, the center for regulating CIRCADIAN RHYTHM.
Unequal curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye. Thus a point source of light cannot be brought to a point focus on the retina but is spread over a more or less diffuse area. This results from the radius of curvature in one plane being longer or shorter than the radius at right angles to it. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
A series of tests used to assess various functions of the eyes.
Transmission of gene defects or chromosomal aberrations/abnormalities which are expressed in extreme variation in the structure or function of the eye. These may be evident at birth, but may be manifested later with progression of the disorder.
A procedure for removal of the crystalline lens in cataract surgery in which an anterior capsulectomy is performed by means of a needle inserted through a small incision at the temporal limbus, allowing the lens contents to fall through the dilated pupil into the anterior chamber where they are broken up by the use of ultrasound and aspirated out of the eye through the incision. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed & In Focus 1993;1(1):1)
Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Disorders that feature impairment of eye movements as a primary manifestation of disease. These conditions may be divided into infranuclear, nuclear, and supranuclear disorders. Diseases of the eye muscles or oculomotor cranial nerves (III, IV, and VI) are considered infranuclear. Nuclear disorders are caused by disease of the oculomotor, trochlear, or abducens nuclei in the BRAIN STEM. Supranuclear disorders are produced by dysfunction of higher order sensory and motor systems that control eye movements, including neural networks in the CEREBRAL CORTEX; BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; and BRAIN STEM. Ocular torticollis refers to a head tilt that is caused by an ocular misalignment. Opsoclonus refers to rapid, conjugate oscillations of the eyes in multiple directions, which may occur as a parainfectious or paraneoplastic condition (e.g., OPSOCLONUS-MYOCLONUS SYNDROME). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p240)
Artificial implanted lenses.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Disorder occurring in the central or peripheral area of the cornea. The usual degree of transparency becomes relatively opaque.
Measurement of light given off by fluorescein in order to assess the integrity of various ocular barriers. The method is used to investigate the blood-aqueous barrier, blood-retinal barrier, aqueous flow measurements, corneal endothelial permeability, and tear flow dynamics.
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
The professional practice of primary eye and vision care that includes the measurement of visual refractive power and the correction of visual defects with lenses or glasses.
Agents that dilate the pupil. They may be either sympathomimetics or parasympatholytics.
Suppurative inflammation of the tissues of the internal structures of the eye frequently associated with an infection.
Lenses designed to be worn on the front surface of the eyeball. (UMDNS, 1999)
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Stratified squamous epithelium that covers the outer surface of the CORNEA. It is smooth and contains many free nerve endings.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The pigmented vascular coat of the eyeball, consisting of the CHOROID; CILIARY BODY; and IRIS, which are continuous with each other. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.
Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.
Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.
Absence of crystalline lens totally or partially from field of vision, from any cause except after cataract extraction. Aphakia is mainly congenital or as result of LENS DISLOCATION AND SUBLUXATION.
Normal nystagmus produced by looking at objects moving across the field of vision.
A form of glaucoma in which the intraocular pressure increases because the angle of the anterior chamber is blocked and the aqueous humor cannot drain from the anterior chamber.
The functional superiority and preferential use of one eye over the other. The term is usually applied to superiority in sighting (VISUAL PERCEPTION) or motor task but not difference in VISUAL ACUITY or dysfunction of one of the eyes. Ocular dominance can be modified by visual input and NEUROTROPHIC FACTORS.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
Detachment of the corpus vitreum (VITREOUS BODY) from its normal attachments, especially the retina, due to shrinkage from degenerative or inflammatory conditions, trauma, myopia, or senility.
Presence of an intraocular lens after cataract extraction.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.
Involuntary movements of the eye that are divided into two types, jerk and pendular. Jerk nystagmus has a slow phase in one direction followed by a corrective fast phase in the opposite direction, and is usually caused by central or peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Pendular nystagmus features oscillations that are of equal velocity in both directions and this condition is often associated with visual loss early in life. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p272)
Overlapping of cloned or sequenced DNA to construct a continuous region of a gene, chromosome or genome.
Slender processes of NEURONS, including the AXONS and their glial envelopes (MYELIN SHEATH). Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses to and from the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.
Perforations through the whole thickness of the retina including the macula as the result of inflammation, trauma, degeneration, etc. The concept includes retinal breaks, tears, dialyses, and holes.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
A noninflammatory, usually bilateral protrusion of the cornea, the apex being displaced downward and nasally. It occurs most commonly in females at about puberty. The cause is unknown but hereditary factors may play a role. The -conus refers to the cone shape of the corneal protrusion. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.
Brief closing of the eyelids by involuntary normal periodic closing, as a protective measure, or by voluntary action.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
Gas lasers with excited dimers (i.e., excimers) as the active medium. The most commonly used are rare gas monohalides (e.g., argon fluoride, xenon chloride). Their principal emission wavelengths are in the ultraviolet range and depend on the monohalide used (e.g., 193 nm for ArF, 308 nm for Xe Cl). These lasers are operated in pulsed and Q-switched modes and used in photoablative decomposition involving actual removal of tissue. (UMDNS, 2005)
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A phthalic indicator dye that appears yellow-green in normal tear film and bright green in a more alkaline medium such as the aqueous humor.
The process by which blood or its components are kept viable outside of the organism from which they are derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
The 3d cranial nerve. The oculomotor nerve sends motor fibers to the levator muscles of the eyelid and to the superior rectus, inferior rectus, and inferior oblique muscles of the eye. It also sends parasympathetic efferents (via the ciliary ganglion) to the muscles controlling pupillary constriction and accommodation. The motor fibers originate in the oculomotor nuclei of the midbrain.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Ocular disorders attendant upon non-ocular disease or injury.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A pathological process consisting of the formation of new blood vessels in the CHOROID.
Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.
An objective determination of the refractive state of the eye (NEARSIGHTEDNESS; FARSIGHTEDNESS; ASTIGMATISM). By using a RETINOSCOPE, the amount of correction and the power of lens needed can be determined.
The administration of substances into the eye with a hypodermic syringe.
A surgical procedure to correct MYOPIA by CORNEAL STROMA subtraction. It involves the use of a microkeratome to make a lamellar dissection of the CORNEA creating a flap with intact CORNEAL EPITHELIUM. After the flap is lifted, the underlying midstroma is reshaped with an EXCIMER LASER and the flap is returned to its original position.
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
Fluid accumulation in the outer layer of the MACULA LUTEA that results from intraocular or systemic insults. It may develop in a diffuse pattern where the macula appears thickened or it may acquire the characteristic petaloid appearance referred to as cystoid macular edema. Although macular edema may be associated with various underlying conditions, it is most commonly seen following intraocular surgery, venous occlusive disease, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, and posterior segment inflammatory disease. (From Survey of Ophthalmology 2004; 49(5) 470-90)
Examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye with a specialized optical instrument (gonioscope) or a contact prism lens.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
Absence of the crystalline lens resulting from cataract extraction.
A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Application of tests and examinations to identify visual defects or vision disorders occurring in specific populations, as in school children, the elderly, etc. It is differentiated from VISION TESTS, which are given to evaluate/measure individual visual performance not related to a specific population.

A new surgical technique for deep stromal, anterior lamellar keratoplasty. (1/81)

AIMS: To describe a new surgical technique for deep stromal anterior lamellar keratoplasty. METHODS: In eye bank eyes and sighted human eyes, aqueous was exchanged by air, to visualise the posterior corneal surface--that is, the "air to endothelium" interface. Through a 5.0 mm scleral incision, a deep stromal pocket was created across the cornea, using the air to endothelium interface as a reference plane for dissection depth. The pocket was filled with viscoelastic, and an anterior corneal lamella was excised. A full thickness donor button was sutured into the recipient bed after stripping its Descemet's membrane. RESULTS: In 25 consecutive human eye bank eyes, a 12% microperforation rate was found. Corneal dissection depth averaged 95.4% (SD 2.7%). Six patient eyes had uneventful surgeries; in a seventh eye, perforation of the lamellar bed occurred. All transplants cleared. Central pachymetry ranged from 0.62 to 0.73 mm. CONCLUSION: With this technique a deep stromal anterior lamellar keratoplasty can be performed with the donor to recipient interface just anterior to the posterior corneal surface. The technique has the advantage that the dissection can be completed in the event of inadvertent microperforation, or that the procedure can be aborted to perform a planned penetrating keratoplasty.  (+info)

Evaluation of potential organ culture media for eye banking using human donor corneas. (2/81)

AIM: To evaluate the ability of different commercially available cell culture solutions to preserve human donor corneas during 3 weeks of "closed system" organ culture at physiological temperature. This screening was performed in an attempt to establish a rational basis for the development of a serum-free organ culture medium for eye banking. METHODS: 72 normal human donor corneas were organ cultured for 21 days at 31 degrees C in eight different test media (nine corneas in each group). The basic culture solutions included: minimal essential medium (MEM), MEM with stabilised L-glutamine, M199, DIF-1000, SFM, F99, and F99 with ascorbic acid, insulin, bFGF, transferrin, selenium, and lipids (termed F99-Sr). All media were supplemented with 2% fetal calf serum (FCS), except for MEM, which was also studied at 8% FCS. The evaluation parameters included: (1) the endothelial cell loss as evaluated using trypan blue staining; (2) the ability of keratocytes and endothelial cells to incorporate tritiated uridine into RNA as evaluated using autoradiography and digital image analysis; (3) the leakage of immunogenic keratan sulphate as assessed using ELISA; and (4) changes in storage medium pH, glucose, and lactate content. RESULTS: SFM induced the lowest endothelial cell loss of 14% (SD 2%) and the highest RNA synthesis rates of all test solutions supplemented with 2% FCS. Corneas stored in SFM also showed the least leakage of keratan sulphate and the highest glucose consumption and lactate production. In five media (MEM with 2% FCS, MEM with stabilised L-glutamine, M199, F99, and F99-Sr), comparable and intermediate potentials for organ culture were observed with endothelial cell loss of 16-19%. By contrast, 29% (4%) of the endothelium was lost after storage in DIF-1000. Interestingly, the use of 8% FCS (in MEM) had a marked protective effect on the endothelium, which showed the highest RNA synthetic activity combined with a cell loss of only 11% (4%), compared with 19% (6%) at 2% FCS (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Among the present test solutions, SFM appears to be the most prominent candidate for a new corneal organ culture medium and should be further tested and possibly refined to effectively substitute serum addition.  (+info)

Automated tri-image analysis of stored corneal endothelium. (3/81)

BACKGROUND: Endothelial examination of organ culture stored corneas is usually done manually and on several mosaic zones. Some banks use an image analyser that takes account of only one zone. This method is restricted by image quality, and may be inaccurate if endothelial cell density (ECD) within the mosaic is not homogeneous. The authors have developed an analyser that has tools for automatic error detection and correction, and can measure ECD and perform morphometry on multiple zones of three images of the endothelial mosaic. METHODS: 60 human corneas were divided into two equal groups: group 1 with homogeneous mosaics, group 2 with heterogeneous ones. Three standard microscopy video images of the endothelium, graded by quality, were analysed either in isolation (so called mono-image analysis) or simultaneously (so called tri-image analysis), with 50 or 300 endothelial cells (ECs) counted. The automated analysis was compared with the manual analysis, which concerned 10 non-adjacent zones and about 300 cells. For each analysis method, failures and durations were studied according to image quality. RESULTS: All corneas were able to undergo analysis, in about 2 or 7.5 minutes for 50 and 300 ECs respectively. The tri-image analysis did not increase analysis time and never failed, even with mediocre images. The tri-image analysis of 300 ECs was always most highly correlated with the manual count, particularly in the heterogeneous cornea group (r=0.94, p<0.001) and prevented serious count errors. CONCLUSIONS: This analyser allows reliable and rapid analysis of ECD, even for heterogeneous endothelia mosaics and mediocre images.  (+info)

Enhancing eye donation rates. Training students to be motivators. (4/81)

PURPOSE: Medical professionals could enhance eye donation rates by reminding relatives during grief counseling at the time of patient's death. This study was designed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of final year medical students (future doctors) towards eye donation, prior to instruction in eye banking. METHODS: The responses of 49 final-year medical students to a questionnaire on eye donation were compared with 24 non-medical students (controls). The results were analysed statistically using the chi-square test. RESULTS: More than one-third of students and controls were unaware that eyes are removed within six hours of death. Eight (16.3%) students and 6 (25.0%) controls felt that a close relative's eyes could be donated after death only if he had indicated willingness (P = 0.05). Three (6.1%) students and 3 (12.5%) controls were undecided about donating their own eyes. Nineteen (38.8%) students and 6 (25%) controls did not know where to go in order to pledge/donate eyes. The controls had poorer knowledge of ocular and systemic contraindications, and they did not know that storage could be prolonged (P < 0.001). Only 27 (55.1%) students had knowledge of corneal storage. CONCLUSIONS: Controls were poorly informed about various aspects of eye donation suggesting inadequate dissemination of information by the media. Students and controls alike had misconceptions regarding donation of relatives' eyes and hesitation regarding their own. These aspects should be emphasized during undergraduate teaching to dispel misgivings regarding wastage of donor eyes and to encourage future doctors to promote eye donation.  (+info)

Sensitivity and rapidity of blood culture bottles in the detection of cornea organ culture media contamination by bacteria and fungi. (5/81)

AIMS: To test the bactericidal activity of standard organ culture medium, and to compare the sensitivity and rapidity of blood culture bottles with conventional microbiological methods for detection of bacteria and fungi inoculated in a standard cornea organ culture medium. METHODS: The bactericidal activity of contaminated standard organ culture medium containing 100 IU/ml penicillin, 0.1 mg/ml streptomycin, and 0.25 micro g/ml amphotericin B was evaluated after 48 hours of incubation at 31 degrees C with five inocula of 14 bacteria. Two yeasts (Candida spp) and one Aspergillus were also tested. Contaminated media were then inoculated in three blood bottles (aerobic, anaerobic, fungal) placed in a Bactec 9240 automat; three conventional microbiological broths were the control. Changes in colour of organ culture medium and growth on conventional broth were screened daily by visual inspection. The sensitivity and rapidity of detection of contamination were compared between the three methods: blood bottle, conventional, and visual. RESULTS: Organ culture medium eradicated five bacteria irrespective of the starting inoculums: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Branhamella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli, Propionibacterium acnes, and Haemophilus influenzae. For micro-organisms where the medium was ineffective or bactericidal only (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecalis, Candida albicans, Candida kruzei, Aspergillus fumigatus), the blood bottle, conventional, and visual methods detected microbial growth in 100%, 76.5%, and 70% of cases respectively. Mean detection time using blood bottles was 15.1 hours (SD 13.8, range 2-52). In cases of detection by the blood bottle method and the conventional method, the former was always faster: 95.5% against 65.2% detection within 24 hours (p=0.022) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Blood bottles detect more efficiently and more rapidly a wider range of bacteria and fungi than the conventional microbiological method and the visual inspection of organ culture media.  (+info)

Awareness of eye donation in an adult population of southern India. A pilot study. (6/81)

PURPOSE: To determine "awareness of eye donation" and corneal transplantation in an adult population of southern India. METHODS: 507 participants chosen by systematic random sampling were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Participants were selected among patients attending two community outreach programmes at different sites, and from patients presenting directly to the hospital. RESULTS: 257 participants (50.69%) were aware of eye donations. The major source of awareness was publicity campaigns (n=105). Only 22 (4.34%) participants were aware that eye donation had to be done within 6 hours of death. Four hundred and three (79.50%) participants were not aware of corneal transplantation. Illiteracy and rural residence were more likely predictors of ignorance. CONCLUSION: Although multiple strategies are currently followed to increase awareness of eye donations and corneal transplants, more innovative strategies have to be developed, especially to target illiterate and rural populations.  (+info)

Stability of RNA from the retina and retinal pigment epithelium in a porcine model simulating human eye bank conditions. (7/81)

PURPOSE: To assess RNA stability after death in a porcine model to simulate current human eye bank techniques. METHODS: Eye bank time interval data were collected from 191 donor specimens: death to refrigeration, enucleation, and tissue processing. A control porcine eye was enucleated, retina and RPE isolated, and specimens frozen (-80 degrees C). Fourteen porcine eyes remained at room temperature for 2 hours and then cooled to 4 degrees C. Retina and RPE were isolated and frozen (-80 degrees C) at 5, 12, 24, 29, 36, 48, and 72 hours. Four globes remained in a moist chamber, five whole and five sectioned globes were immersed in RNAlater (Ambion, Austin, TX) at 5, 12, 24, or 48 hours. RNA was isolated. The 28S and 18S rRNA peaks were analyzed by electrophoresis. RT-PCR was performed on each sample. Messenger RNA for GAPDH, beta-actin, mouse rhodopsin from retina (mRHO), and RPE-65 (from RPE) were analyzed with gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: The average time from death to refrigeration was 4.2 hours, to enucleation 6.4 hours, and to tissue processing 10.7 hours. RT-PCR gel electrophoresis patterns from retinal tissue had bands of similar intensity at each interval from beta-actin, GAPDH, and RHO. Band patterns from RPE demonstrated decay of the RT-PCR gene products after 5 hours. This decay was delayed by at least 24 hours with the use of RNAlater. The 28S rRNA decay was similar for retina and RPE. CONCLUSIONS: Retinal tissue RNA can be analyzed within the time constraints of current eye bank tissue processing, whereas analysis of RPE necessitates either rapid processing or use of RNAlater. These results should aid in future studies in which eye bank tissue is used for RNA analysis.  (+info)

Is manual counting of corneal endothelial cell density in eye banks still acceptable? The French experience. (8/81)

AIM: To examine the differences in manual endothelial cell counting methods in French eye banks and to analyse whether these differences could explain some substantial discrepancies observed in endothelial cell density (ECD) for corneas made available for transplant. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to the 22 eye banks asking for details of the technical features of the light microscopes used, the microscope calibration, strategy for cell counting, the technical staff, and the method of presenting endothelial data. RESULTS: All eye banks responded and 91% (20/22) used only manual counting methods, in real time, directly through a microscope, and 62 different technicians, with varying experience, were involved in such counting. Counting of cells within the borders of a grid that were in contact with two adjacent borders was the most common method (17/22, 77%). Of the eight banks (8/22, 36%) that did not calibrate their microscopes, six reported the highest ECD values. Of the 14 others (64%), six applied a "magnification correcting factor" to the initial cell counts. In five of these cases, the corrected ECD was lower than estimated on initial count. Most of the banks (12/22, 55%) counted 100 cells or less in one to six non-adjacent zones of the mosaic. 14 of the banks (14/22, 64%) also graded cell polymegethism while seven (7/22, 32%) also graded pleomorphism ("hexagonality"). CONCLUSIONS: Lack of microscope calibration appears to be the leading cause of variance in ECD estimates in French eye banks. Other factors such as differences in counting strategy, the evaluation of smaller numbers of cells, and the different extent of experience of the technicians may also contribute to intraobserver and interobserver variability. Further comparative studies, including cross checking and the outcome of repeated counts from manual methods, are clearly needed with cross calibration to a computer based image archiving and analysis system.  (+info)

An eye bank is a non-profit organization that obtains, medically evaluates and distributes ocular tissue for transplant, research, and education. On average, U.S. eye banks provide tissue for over 85,000 sight-restoring corneal transplants each year.. EBAA Member eye banks serve all 50 U.S. states, Washington DC, Puerto Rico, and locations around the world. Eye banks can be eye only, eye and tissue, or part of an organ procurement organization, and they vary in the functions that are performed including: recovery, storage, tissue evaluation, donor eligibility determination, processing and distribution. In addition to the core functions, many eye banks conduct or provide tissue for innovative research to advance eye banking and sight restoration.. The EBAA Medical Standards, along with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations, are the foundation for eye bank procedures, ensuring that all tissue is recovered, processed, and distributed in adherence to approved medical processes and ...
E. Janach srl. disegna e crea gran parte delloftalmologia italiana da oltre settanta anni, raggiungendo importanti traguardi attraverso levolversi delle chirurgie ed il succedersi delle generazioni scandite nel tempo. Abbiamo saputo introdurre e rinnovare tecnologie e tecniche di costruzione che ci hanno consentito di conquistare un pubblico sempre più vasto e collaborazioni di alto livello.
Eye donation is the act of voluntarily donating one s eyes. Since the eye is taken after the death of the person who has pledged it, it costs him or her absolutely nothing and is yet of immeasurable value to the person who receives it.
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Purpose: : The low coherence nature of the source in both time and space in the full-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) system has advantages over the conventional OCT system, making it one of the attractive methods for the non-invasive imaging of the cornea at subbiomicroscopic levels. In the study, the feasibility of our full-field OCT system was investigated for the ultra-high resolution imaging of the cornea. Methods: : Corneas in excised porcine eyes and those in human eye bank eyes were used for the study. These samples were illuminated with the probe beam and a horizontal cross-sectional image is detected using a CCD camera. To extract the interference component from the output of the CCD camera, a phase-shift detection technique was employed. Structures of the epithelium, stroma, and endothelium of porcine corneas and human cornea were observed with a field of view of 850 µm x 850 µm and a 2.6 µm x 1.7 µm (longitudinal x transverse) resolution. Results: : Starting from the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of phacoemulsification-induced oxidative stress and damage of cultured human corneal endothelial cells in different solutions using redox fluorometry microscopy. AU - Nishi, Yutaro. AU - Engler, Christoph. AU - Na, Dae Ro. AU - Kashiwabuchi, Renata T.. AU - Shin, Young Joo. AU - Cano, Marisol. AU - Jun, Albert S.. AU - Chuck, Roy S.. PY - 2010/12/1. Y1 - 2010/12/1. N2 - Purpose: To describe the basic concept of redox fluorometry microscopy and investigate its efficacy in evaluating the state of cultured human corneal endothelial cells in different solutions when ultrasonic energy was applied in vitro. Methods: Human corneal endothelial cells from human donor tissue not suitable for transplantation were cultured. A phacoemulsification probe with a 30° round, 1.1- mm TurboSonics® ABS™ Tip (Alcon, Fort Worth, Texas) was introduced into culture dishes filled with balanced salt solution (BSS) and BSS plus (Alcon, Fort Worth, Texas). Cellular autofluorescence images were ...
Purpose: The demand for human tissue for corneal transplantation and for advancing research is increasing. In Australia, more than 95% of consent for eye donation is obtained from the next of kin (NOK) through Eye Bank by telephone interview at the time of donor death. The overall consent rate for eye donation was 57% in 2011. There is frequently a lack of clinical information on donor eyes provided for research. Patients with eye diseases often express that their eyes dont see well therefore are not suitable for donation to help others. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of patient and NOK education by a direct approach at seeking consent for future eye donation for both corneal transplantation and research in eye clinic patients.. Methods: We established a novel approach in recruiting patients for future eye donation at a tertiary referral retinal clinic. Patients with age-related macular degeneration were approached and consent was sought for eye donation. A 15 minute face to face ...
Dr. Rajkumar Eye bank was inaugurated by the charismatic matinee idol Dr Rajkumar in 1994. A touching testimonial to his commitment to lead by example, is in the fact that he willed his eyes. He motivated a large number of people, and following his unfortunate demise in April 2006, his family continues their support. He will always remain with us in our hearts.. This Eye Bank was established with the purpose of disseminating the importance of eye donation and to facilitate the collection, processing and distribution of eyes to patients having corneal blindness. A state of the art eye bank with international standard tissue banking facility allows us to utilize eyes collected from donors.. ...
Presents Foresight 2020 The Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration and the Venice Eye Bank Foundation cordially invite you to attend Foresight 2020, an international half-day virtual scientific workshop to investigate innovative approaches and perspectives in eye banking through the therapeutic application of ocular tissues and cells. The event will bring together basic science and clinical researchers […]
The Cornea and Eye Banking Forum, jointly hosted by EBAA and the Cornea Society, will take place on November 10 at the Astor Crowne Plaza in New Orleans. The event formerly known as the Fall Educational Symposium has been redesigned and will feature the following:. ...
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By a parent member It was early in 2015 when I visited the opticians for my 20 year old daughters routine eye appointment that staff first noticed something unusual evident in her left eye. Our daughter wears...
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ETMC Tyler was recognized May 5 by Transplant Services Center, UT Southwestern Medical Center as a member of the Leadership Circle of top eye donor hospitals in North Texas with 20 cornea donations
SPARSH is non-profitable, selfless, service oriented voluntary organization dedicated to the education and health of people especially children.
The same, however, cant be said about the regional banks.. These banks are much smaller than the city banks, with average asset size of ¥2 trillion compared with ¥30 trillion for the average city bank. The 11 city banks have combined assets that are twice the combined assets of the 130 regional banks.. A few years ago there were so-called sogo or mutually held banks, but these have been converted to regional banks with share ownership.. Unlike the city banks, which rely on corporate deposits and large corporate loans, regional banks obtain deposits from individuals and loan to local businesses.. In an undifferentiated, regulated environment, people probably will want to bank with a local institution. But as interest rates become deregulated, people might be more willing to bank with the institution that gives them the best deal, wherever that may be.. Since 1985 bank deposits have been deregulated gradually. For example, in 1985 very large time deposits of $10 million were deregulated. In ...
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As a healthcare professional, you work to save lives every day and impact the communities around you. However, there are times, when despite every effort, a patients life cannot be saved. When this happens you have the ability to set in motion a process that allows families the opportunity to save and improve lives through organ, tissue, and eye donation.
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Banks manage financial assets and the success of that management is dependent on the capabilities of the persons who manage those assets.. Therefore growth in this sector is dependent on effective management and leadership capacity and dominance in retail services is directly related to the expansion of the branch network through which the banks retail products and services are distributed.. The central departments or bank headquarters form the nerve center of the bank by providing direction, developing new products and services, handling high value investments, treasury management and credit activities. However, it is through the network of bank branches that the retail services developed by the central marketing function are distributed. The network of branches acts like the five senses as well as the arms and the legs of the body by sending critical information from the field to the central departments and executing the corporate strategy by successfully linking the needs of the public to ...
Locate your The Co-operative Bank branch. Check opening times, locations and telephone numbers for 152 The Co-operative Bank branches in the UK.
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With the new regulation that is being agreed upon by the G20, all of your bank deposits will be considered an investment to the bank, and the bank will, in turn, consider those deposits as part of their capital. Thats a good investment if the bank itself is stable. But that is simply not the…
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"Targets - Banks". UK Uncut. Retrieved 6 March 2011. "Going Dutch". Private Eye. November 2010. Archived from the original on 29 ... The protest was arranged to coincide with the banks' bonus announcements. Once again protestors turned bank branches into ... Private Eye alleged that Vodafone were originally found liable for £6 billion, but negotiated the amount to be paid down to ... Private Eye had recently published an article alleging that Vodafone had reached a highly favourable settlement of a long- ...
"Commercial banks eye mobile payment innovations". China Economic Net.. *^ "Two more indoor positioning projects sprout in ... Kuang-Chi and Ping An Bank, partnered to introduce a payment card that communicates information through a unique visible light. ... visible light is also less dangerous for high-power applications because humans can perceive it and act to protect their eyes ...
"Eye Banking FAQs". Eye Bank Association of America. Retrieved 2011-12-29.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}. ... Some eye banks also distribute other anatomical gifts. Research[edit]. High speed lasers[edit]. Blades are being replaced by ... A 2013 cost-benefit analysis by the Lewin Group for Eye Bank Association of America, estimated an average cost of $16,500 for ... Instrumental in the success of cornea transplants were the establishment of eye banks. These are organizations located ...
Eye banks 91-912.....................................Particular diseases of the eye 918-921................................... ...
"All players eye Dalit vote bank". The Tribune. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2017.. ... The World Bank.. *^ Singh, Darshan (2009). "Development of Scheduled Castes in India - A Review" (PDF). Journal of Rural ... Vote bank[edit]. Main article: Caste politics. Votebank politics are common in India, usually based on religion or caste. ... "Deciphering the 'Dalit vote bank'". Business Standard. Retrieved 23 July 2017 ...
"Load of Bullocks". Private Eye. London: Pressdram Ltd. 10 February 2017. "Nick Banks: We'll Score Again". This Is Exeter. ... Before the game, every fan was given a letter from the club saying, "The eyes of the world are on this football club tonight - ... "Pitch battle". Private Eye. London: Pressdram Ltd. 9 December 2016. Ronay, Barney (27 January 2017). "How the battle to save ... The crowds on the bank having caught the fever, free fights were plentiful." In the 1920s Millwall's ground was closed for two ...
Zions Bank. 3 May 2010. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 29 Nov 2019 - via Wayback Machine. CS1 maint: ... discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: unfit URL (link) Saltas, John (12 Nov 2008). "Private Eye , Good Lord! All Utahns ...
The Modern Eye, opened at the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; the exhibition was opened by Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway. ... Norges Bank. Retrieved 6 May 2012. Crown Princess Mette-Marit opens Munch exhibition on YouTube. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 16 ... The Modern Eye" (Press release). e-flux. 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2013. Jones, Jonathan (12 November 2013). "Why Francis Bacon ...
"Eye Bank". 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014. "Microsoft Academic Search Profile". Microsoft Academic Search. ... Haryana Mega Eye Camp at Odisha in October 1998 Eye Camp at Andaman and Nicobar, in 1992 Mega Eye Camp at Shillong, in ... Officer in Charge - National Eye Bank, India President - Delhi Ophthalmological Society President - Indian Society of Corneal ... Titiyal is the first Indian eye surgeon who conducted live cornea transplantation at American Academy two years ago and got ...
Banks, Sandy (April 20, 2013). "Turning a critical eye on Yelp". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 23, ...
MK media was not patented so that it could be used by eye banks throughout the world, free of charge. As eye banks required ... K-sol contained chondroitin sulfate, which was a free radical scavenger to extend the usable life of the tissue in eye bank ... Kaufman and Richard Lindstrom, modified the k-sol formulation to make Optisol corneal eye bank storage media in 1992. Optisol ... Prior to the development of corneal storage media for eye banks, corneal transplant surgery generally required corneal ...
"Eye Donation Bangalore India , Eye Bank Bangalore". "They will see through Rajkumar's eyes". Rediff ... Rajkumar Eye Bank and he rightly did so after his death in 2006. His act of eye donation was likened to the role in his debut ... After Rajkumar's eyes were donated as per his last wish, the eye donation in Karnataka was reported to have increased by 400%. ... His eyes were donated as per his last wish. In his film career, Rajkumar received eleven Karnataka State Film Awards, including ...
She was appointed as a non-executive director on The Court of The Bank of England in July 2014. She has also served on the ... "Dido Watch : A Harding reigns gonna fall…". (1529). September 2020. Archived from the original on 7 ... In 1993 she borrowed £7,000 from her bank to buy an Irish thoroughbred to ride in ladies' point-to-point races. In 1998, her ... In October 2015, TalkTalk experienced a cyber-attack, during which personal and banking details of up to four million customers ...
Halstrick, Philipp; O'Donnell, John (27 September 2007). "German public banks eye stake in IKB". Reuters. Retrieved 21 August ... The online offering for retail banking customers covers overnight and term money, bank savings schemes, bank deposits and ... IKB (Industriekreditbank) was granted its banking license in 1924 as "Bafio" (Bank für deutsche Industrieobligationen, Bank for ... Several European banks, however, became victims of the crisis due to investment history; IKB was among the first European bank ...
ISBN 978-0-89128-896-1. Banks, Harold (12 December 1965). "Eyes to the Blind". Pictoral Living Colorado Magazine. pages 28-29. ...
Old Bank Notes. Ottawa: Oberon Press, 1993. Riding the Long Black Horse. Ottawa: Oberon Press, 1993. No Sad Songs Wanted Here. ... The Eyes of Love. Ottawa: Oberon Press, 1987. Asking for More. Ottawa: Oberon Press, 1988. Running Out the Clock. Ottawa: ... He joined the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce at King & Bay Streets in Toronto in 1939 and, apart from four years' service ... Poems of a Snow-Eyed Country. Don Mills, ON: Academic Press, 1980. and Douglas Lochhead, eds. Powassan's Drum: Selected Poems ...
"Bonny banks of o' Tyne". Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. "Bonny bright eyed Mary". Archived from the original on 6 ... Bonny banks of o' Tyne Bonny bright eyed Mary Bonny Throckley Fell Clocks at the Central Station - (The) Four Seasons - (The) ... know Thyself Mary on the Banks of Tyne Me fethur's drunk ag'yen - appeared in John W Chater's Canny Newcassel Diary and ...
If passed, the cornea will be stored in a nutrient solution at an eye bank until needed for an operation. In most cases, the ... Retrieved from Júlio, S., & Barretto, S. (2017). Eye bank procedures: donor selection criteria. Arq Bras ... Eye bank issues: II. Preservation techniques: warm versus cold storage. International Ophthalmology, 28(3), 155-163. doi: ... If the shape of the cornea is fairly regular and refractive error is similar to that of the other eye, it is usually possible ...
In 1973, Harless formed Gilbert Bank & Trust, which was the first bank in Gilbert since the bankruptcy of the previous one in ... "Purchase Eyed". The Review. June 13, 1984. p. 4. "AR Hospitals Trustees Told New Revenue Sources Needed". Middlesboro Daily ... Harless served as chairman of the bank starting that same year, and remained until 1987, at which point Gilbert Bank & Trust ... "Coal Men Want Bank". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. p. 32. "Annual report Matewan Bancshares Inc". U.S. Securities and Exchange ...
... as well as banking supervision. He oversaw the supervision of the bank mergers, and the centralisation of foreign exchange ... Kennelly, Padraig (26 August 1999). "Death of Maurice Moynihan, who signed the banknotes". Kerry's Eye. This article attributes ... Currency and Central Banking in Ireland - 1922-1960, by Maurice G. Moynihan, published by the Central Bank and Gill & MacMillan ... After his retirement from the Central Bank of Ireland in 1969, he devoted much of his time in the following years to writing. ...
Iain Banks' novel Complicity. Iain M. Banks' novel Against a Dark Background. Pat Barker's novel The Eye in the Door. Terry ... 26 January - The Bank of England lowers interest rates to 6% - the lowest since 1978. 1 February - Economists warn that ...
"Facebook friends syndicate banks £1.1M EuroMillions win". Retrieved 2018-11-06. "The biggest ... lottery syndicate wins of all time". Retrieved 2018-11-06.. ...
Cornea transplant Risks - Tests and Procedures - Mayo Clinic "Eye Banking FAQs". Eye Bank Association of America. Retrieved ... as well as providing eyes for research. Some eye banks also distribute other anatomical gifts. Blades are being replaced by ... A 2013 cost-benefit analysis by the Lewin Group for Eye Bank Association of America, estimated an average cost of $16,500 for ... Instrumental in the success of cornea transplants were the establishment of eye banks. These are organizations located ...
"EU to examine Farage over Arron Banks cash". BBC News. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019. "A question of trust". Private Eye ( ... He further said that the party would not be taking money from the key former UKIP funder Arron Banks. Farage personally faced ... Camilla Long, "Now he's shed the swivel-eyed loons, Farage has a truly dangerous proposition: the truth", The Sunday Times, 28 ... Jacobson, Seth (12 April 2019). "Nigel Farage says Brexit party won't take money from Arron Banks". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 ...
"Rub-down revolution". Eye. Retrieved 22 August 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Sans-Serifs & Grotesques (Miller ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Colin Banks' 1986 obituary of compositor and advertising designer Bill Morgan credits ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Banks, Colin (1986). "Obituary: Bill Morgan". Designer: 9. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
"Bat of an Eye": First Internet Bank Offers Eyeprint ID Technology for Mobile Banking Access - First Internet Bank". First ... "Alibaba Buys Eye-Scan Firm Used by U.S. Banks for a Reported $100M". Fortune. Retrieved 2020-04-07. "Pay by selfie: Ant ... provides verification using eye veins and other micro-features in and around the eye. Images of the human eye are used to ... "Is Eye-Scanning Coming to a Bank Near You?". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-01-04. "Comarch to integrate EyeVerify service for ...
Joseph A. Giannone (November 12, 2008). "Lightyear's Marron eyeing banks, insurers". Reuters. Pranay Gupte (September 21, 2005 ... 2007 Lightyear sells shares in Collegiate Funding Services to JPMorgan Chase Bank Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine. ...
Marks, Laura (2009). "Eyes to See With" (PDF). Video Data Bank. Retrieved March 19, 2020. Tran, Kim-Trang. "Tran, T. Kim-Trang ... Poke your eyes out!", and various voice clips expressing racialized views of Asians related to eyes. Another scene pairs audio ... more than meets the eye: the videos of Tran T. Kim-Trang. Retrieved March 22, 2019. Tran, Kim-Trang T.; Mihail, Karl (February ... more than meets the eye: the videos of Tran T. Kim-Trang. Retrieved March 19, 2020. "The Blindness Series , Tran, T. Kim-Trang ...
"Doylestown Township eyes amphitheater purchase". The Intelligencer. Retrieved 2018-06-09. "Covenant Bank Amphitheater". www. ...
Waters, Livgren, Mercury, Perry, Steve Morse, Rutherford, Tony Banks, Phil Collins. 10:34. ... "Through Her Eyes" • "Constant Motion" • "Forsaken" • "A Rite of Passage" • "Wither" ...
In 1952, by court order, Astor's diary was removed from the bank vault where it had been sequestered for 16 years and destroyed ... A Manhattan photographer, Charles Albin, saw her photograph and asked the young girl with haunting eyes and long auburn hair, ...
Observer Middle East correspondent Shyam Bhatia who spent two weeks with the Marsh Arabs in 1993 wrote the first eye witness ...
The eyes are somewhat large with an alert expression. Any eye colour is allowed. The coat is short and fine, usually straight ... Registered rabbits are maintained in an official gene bank registry.[3] 4 week old Gotland rabbits ...
"Today, from a point of view which is exclusively linguistic, both banks of the Minho river speak the same language, since the ... eye. hora [ˈɔɾa][46]. hora [ˈɔɾa]/[ˈoɾa]. hora [ˈoɾa]. hora. hora. hora. hora. hour. ... Corias and Belmonte in middle west of Asturias have shown a huge difference in the medieval speech between both banks of the ...
The predation-avoidance behavior of sleeping with one eye open, allowing one brain hemisphere to remain aware while the other ... It usually nests on a river bank, but not always near water. It is highly gregarious outside of the breeding season and forms ... with streaks by the eyes) and black on the back (with some yellow spots) all the way to the top and back of the head.[28] Its ... with a darker crown and eye-stripe.[22]:506 ...
Banks and Politics in America by Bray Hammond (1958). *The Republican Era, 1869-1901 by Leonard D. White and Jean Schneider ( ... "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize". *"Oh, Freedom". *"This Little Light of Mine" ...
a b c Follow-up segment to "The Apple of God's Eye", Primetime Live, first broadcast November 28, 1991. ... bank statement, and computer printout dealing with the codes Tilton's banks and legal staff used when categorizing the returned ... 1991 Primetime Live documentary ("The Apple of God's Eye")[edit]. Trinity Foundation members, acting on this information, ... One of the ABC producers asked whether this was a standard practice-"So the mail goes straight to the bank?"-and Moore asserted ...
Bone marrow and cord blood banks exist in South Africa, and a new program is beginning in Nigeria.[56] Many people belonging to ... Allogeneic cord blood is stored frozen at a cord blood bank because it is only obtainable at the time of childbirth. To ... Eye bank. *Immunosuppressive drugs. *Lung allocation score. *Machine perfusion. *Total body irradiation ... A further 561,000 cord blood units had been received by one of 46 cord blood banks from 30 countries participating. The highest ...
m Cat's Eye Nebula ‎ ('spectra' -, 'spectrum' for subject-verb agreement) *21:23, 3 January 2015 (diff , hist) . . (+204)‎ . . ... m The Bank Job ‎ (Corrected spelling of Michael throughout; corrected line about Michael X for grammar; fixed spelling of ' ...
Stein, Varnæs' trusted bank manager, falls victim to harassment due to his Jewish background, and later he must flee the bank ... Mads Skjern also has his eye on the arts, but with different intentions. In order to secure a building permit, he "greases the ... For the most part, a competent bank director although his bank tends to look down its nose at those who are not members of high ... A plaque and portrait is hung in the District Bank in honor of the bank clerk and Resistance fighter, Poul Kristensen, who was ...
The Beginning (The Black Eyed Peas album). *The Emancipation of Mimi. *The Room (film) ... European Central Bank. *European Union. *Everton F.C.. *Exo. *Extermination through labor ...
... especially the Poconos and New Jersey from the north bank Lehigh River along the left bank Delaware thence south into Delaware ... White Eyes, the Lenape chief who had negotiated the treaty, died in 1778. Many Lenape at Coshocton eventually joined the war ... White Eyes (c. 1730-1778), Turtle clan peace chief who negotiated the Treaty of Fort Pitt ... rival Susquehannock lands past Eastern Pennsylvania then southerly past the site of Colonial Philadelphia past the west bank ...
Between the eyes and the nostrils were two antorbital fenestrae and a pair of tiny, 1-centimeter-long (0.4 in) slit-like holes ... These plants formed lowland forests along the banks of rivers.[4] Herrerasaurus remains appear to have been the most common ... It had five pairs of fenestrae (skull openings) in its skull, two pairs of which were for the eyes and nostrils. ...
... akin to the eye of tropical cyclones. Lightning is said to be the source of illumination for those who claim to have seen the ... and a cancelled check from the Great Bend bank was found in a field outside of Palmyra, Nebraska, 305 miles (491 km) to the ...
Nuova hands Goku special eye drops to cure his blindness, but they are shot out of his hand. It was the one-star dragon, Syn ... There he finds Pan foiling a bank robbery while Pan is on a date and Pan discovers that the little boy is her grandfather after ... When it's time for blast-off, Vegeta decides that Trunks and Goten should go instead of Gohan, because in his eyes, the two of ... As Eis is begging for mercy, he suddenly slashes Goku's eyes, blinding him. Goku is able to quickly land a devastating punch, ...
The rash may look like a "bull's eye", as pictured, in about 80% of cases in Europe and 20% of cases in the US.[23][24][25][26] ... Jowett N, Gaudin RA, Banks CA, Hadlock TA (June 2017). "Steroid use in Lyme disease-associated facial palsy is associated with ... Edlow, Jonathan A (2003). Bull's-eye: unraveling the medical mystery of Lyme disease. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300- ... 55-98.11% DEET for 5-6 hours or 30-40% OLE for 6 hours.[133][137] Repellents should not be used under clothes, on eyes, mouth, ...
Robinson could make Senators and everyone in his presence quake by the burning fire of his eyes, the baring of his teeth as he ... his most impressive victory being the Emergency Banking Act, which he pushed through both houses of Congress in seven hours.[3] ...
The London Eye is next to County Hall, and its visitor centre is inside the building. There is also a suite of exhibition rooms ... The building is on the South Bank of the River Thames, with Westminster Bridge being next to it, heading south. It faces west ...
... both of the wrecked cars went down the steep banking and slid into the infield grass near the exit of turn 4. No other drivers ... Blink of an Eye, a 2019 documentary film. *List of NASCAR fatal accidents ...
Mikrokredit dan mikrokewangan: Ahli ekonomi Bangladesh Muhammad Yunus mendirikan Bank Grameen, institusi mikrokredit dan ... Richard Powers (University of Illinois), Best Idea; Eyes Wide OpenNew York Times, April 18, 1999. ...
Ajeya MK2 - Indian version of the T-72M1 with ERA and banks of 6 smoke grenade-launchers on each side. ... T-72B1MS "White Eagle" technology demonstrator; clearly visible are "Eagle's Eye" panoramic sight and Sosna-U gunner sight. ... "Eagle's Eye" for tank commander mounted at the rear left side of the turret, Sosna-U thermal gunner sight, target-tracking ...
The Neptunes and Williams specifically were also kept in public eye largely due to ties with Jay Z, producing several hit ... Williams contributed to Azealia Banks's debut studio album Broke with Expensive Taste, featuring on the song "ATM Jam".[38] ... "Azealia Banks Premieres Pharrell Williams-Assisted, 'ATM Jam': Listen". Billboard. Retrieved July 5, 2013 ...
Eye * sw:Eye. Family * sw:Family. Fascism * sw:Fascism. Fashion * sw:Fashion. Federico Fellini * sw:Federico Fellini. Feminism ... World Bank * sw:Benki ya Dunia. World Health Organization * sw:World Health Organization. World Trade Organization * sw:World ...
Banks, RC; Clench, MH; Barlow JC (1973). "Bird collections in the United States and Canada". Auk. 90: 136-170.. ... The Underground Adventure gives visitors a bugs-eye look at the world beneath their feet. Visitors can see what insects and ...
... turn over bank accounts with scholarship money to the national organization."[146] On December 22, 2018; MAO awarded the ... and you'd see tears in their eyes, and they'd say, I never thought I'd see it in my lifetime - that's when, you know, it was ...
Men of the 504th Regimental Demolition Platoon keep a close eye while a demolitions expert searches for hidden S-mines on the ... Three days later the regiment arrived, mostly in "40 and 8s," and immediately took up positions along the west bank of the ... and the far bank was heavily defended by the Germans. An assault crossing of the river was necessary, but it was a seemingly ... bank. The British provided 26 canvas boats, each 19 feet (5.8 m) long, that the 504th used to cross the 400 yards (370 m)-wide ...
a b Japan Bank for International Cooperation report, November 2005, "Sector Study for Education in Brazil", retrieved 28 ... colour of the eyes and colour of the hair have little to do with the genetic ancestry of each person, which has been shown in ... Build Brazil population graph 1960 - 2013 (World Bank data). *Build Brazil population projection graph till 2100 (United Nation ...
Tanmaya Kabra (class of 2012): angel investor and entrepreneur who in 2019 was arrested in Boston for wire and bank fraud ... Student editors of The Eye school newspaper won the Straits Times National Youth Media Competition in 2014.[49] In June 2017, ...
23 percent of Siam Commercial Bank (Thailand's largest bank), and interests in Christiani & Nielsen, Deves Insurance, and Shin ... suffered paralysis in half of his face and incurred cuts on his face that cost him the sight of his right eye.[24]:104[28] Both ... A portrait of King Bhumibol Adulyadej, TMB Bank office building in Bangkok in 2006. ...
... regulators are negotiating a pact aimed at encouraging Chinese financial institutions to buy into small and medium-sized banks ... Other Chinese banks such as ICBC and Merchants Bank (600036.SS) (3968.HK) have also shown an interest in expanding in the ... Over 100 U.S. banks have already been seized by regulators in the financial crisis, and more bank failures could come as the ... is now the worlds biggest bank by market value, while Citigroup Inc (C.N), once the worlds No.1 bank, is worth the same as a ...
Elsewhere, the Bank of England said U.K. banks will be able to borrow in euros from the Bank of England from next week, the ... Banks were under heavy pressure, notably Austrian bank Raiffeisen Bank International AG RBI, +0.61% down 15%. Bloomberg ... The bank warned that investors should still prepare for severe disruption in financial markets if the U.K. tumbles out of the ... Meanwhile, Dutch banks fell on a separate report in magazine De Groene Amsterdammer that said billions had been illegally ...
6.4 billion bid for a Royal Bank of Scotland unit. Dan Sloan reports. ... Japans biggest bank, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial, reportedly plans to make a $ ... Japan bank eyes $6.4 bln RBS unit. Posted Nov 3 - Japans biggest bank, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial, reportedly plans to make a $ ... 6.4 billion bid for a Royal Bank of Scotland unit. Dan Sloan reports. ...
The cooling eye gel addresses tired-looking eyes with the surge of weightless moisture. ... Shop LANEIGEs Water Bank Eye Gel at Sephora. ... LANEIGEWater Bank Eye Gel. SIZE 0.8 oz/ 25 mL•ITEM 1966332 ... Water Bank Eye Gel features the same superior technology for accelerated hydration, now in a singularly refreshing and quick ... A cooling eye gel to instantly address tired-looking eyes with the surge of weightless moisture. Solutions for: - Dryness - ...
This lightweight gel visibly brightens and improves the elasticity of under-eye skin. ... Shop LANEIGES Water Bank Eye Gel at Sephora. ... Eye Care. *Eye Creams & Treatments. LANEIGE. Water Bank Eye Gel ...
... the worlds first eye bank, is devoted to restoring sight through eye donations and cornea transplants, as well as providing ... Public awareness about the need for eye donations is a key component of our efforts to restore sight to thousands of men, women ... ocular tissue for research into treatment and cures for other eye diseases. ... Organization: Eye Bank for Sight Restoration. About:. The Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration, the worlds first eye bank, is ...
Subtotal for Parent Eye Bank Assn of America: $40,000 Eye Bank Assn of America Lobbying by Industry. Industry. Total. ... Itemized Lobbying Expenses for Eye Bank Assn of America. Firms Hired. Total Reported by Filer. Reported Contract Expenses ( ...
Problems in the banking and home lending sectors were further highlighted by the failure of IndyMac, a California bank that was ... But he added that the banking system is well capitalized. My concerns have turned less on the solvency of the institutions and ... Mortgage finance giants Fannie and Freddie are a key source of funding for banks and other home lenders. Their ability to ... There are likely to be questions about the state of banking and the risk of more failures at Tuesdays hearings. ...
Tucked away in a downtown Seattle office building is one of the largest eye banks in the world. Its run by an organization ... Schottman is a relative newcomer to the world of eye banks. Until 2008, he worked for Starbucks, where he learned a lot about ... Ex-Starbucks Exec Helps Develop Global Eye Banks. Tuesday, March 8, 2011 ...
SBM Bank, the newest lender to get a licence to operate a full-service bank, has plans to grow business by catering to high net ... HDFC Bank ifsc codeCanara Bank Ifsc codeBank of baroda ifscBank of America IFSC CodeBOM IFSC CodeAndhra Bank IFSC CodeAxis Bank ... codeIndusind ifsc codeYes Bank Ifsc CodeVijay Bank Ifsc codeSyndicate bank Ifsc CodePNB Ifsc codeOBC Ifsc codeKarur vysya bank ... The bank will start business with a minimum startup capital of Rs 500 crore, and eyes a positive return and a break-even in the ...
In a memo issued by the AfDB Human Resources Director, Daniel Tytiun, to Bank staff, the Bank expressed its concerns about the ... The AfDB is keeping an eye on swine flu as it sweeps across the globe. ... In a memo issued by the AfDB Human Resources Director, Daniel Tytiun, to Bank staff, the Bank expressed its concerns about the ... Bank staff travel all over the world, and therefore great care and precaution is needed as this is a very contagious disease ...
Sri Lanka Eye Donation Society Illinois Eye Bank SightLife "Eye Banking Facts & Statistics". Eye Bank Association of America. ... International Journal of Eye Banking Perspectives in eye banking What is eye banking?. ... the eye bank was born. In 1944, Paton established the worlds first eye bank, the Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration, in New York. ... The Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA) was established in 1961, and its members include eye banks that operate not only in ...
... a second-tier regional bank based in Oita Prefecture, said Friday it is considering applying to the Financial Services Agency ... Howa Bank eyes public funds to boost capital. Sorry, but your browser needs Javascript to use this site. If youre not sure how ... Howa Bank, a second-tier regional bank based in Oita Prefecture, said Friday it is considering applying to the Financial ... Howa would be the first bank to apply for the injection of public funds under a law that took effect in August 2004. The law is ...
The Illinois Eye-Bank is accredited by the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA), and operates in compliance with EBAA Medical ... It is a subsidiary of Midwest Eye-Banks, and operates two eye bank facilities: one in Chicago, founded in 1947, and one in ... The Eye-Bank recovers donated eye tissue, with consent, for the purposes of corneal transplantation, scleral implantation, ... The Illinois Eye-Bank is a charitable, not-for-profit organization. Its mission is the preservation and restoration of sight ...
Looking for Eye Bank emergency services in India? Find its location, contact details along with an interactive map and other ... Medical Consulting service has information on a wide range of emergency services that include information on eye banks located ... rotary eye bank, eye bank. sri ganganagar, rotary eye institute sant punit eye bank, eye bank. navsari, ... across India, ambulances, hospitals, blood banks, 24-hour pharmacies and oxygen supplies available near your location. ...
Looking for Eye Bank emergency services in India? Find its location, contact details along with an interactive map and other ... Medical Consulting service has information on a wide range of emergency services that include information on eye banks located ... across India, ambulances, hospitals, blood banks, 24-hour pharmacies and oxygen supplies available near your location. ... bihar eye bank trust, eye bank. ranchi, blood bank organisation (pusa road), eye bank. delhi, ...
Cinema Become a Cornea Donor for Pan-American Association of Eye Banks by F/Nazca Saatchi & Saatchi Publicidade Ltda. ... Pan-American Association of Eye Banks - Become a Cornea Donor. F/Nazca Saatchi & Saatchi Publicidade Ltda. F/Nazca Saatchi & ... Pan -American Association of Eye Banks Brand. Pan-American Association of Eye Banks ...
... which will facilitate the entry here of two Indian banks - Bank of Baroda and Axis Bank, according to senior officials at the ... According to banking industry sources, Axis Bank, formerly UTI Bank, had applied to start operations here before ICICI Bank did ... The local banks that are awaiting CEPA are the Commercial Bank, HNB and Sampath Bank - to set up office in India. ... which will facilitate the entry here of two Indian banks - Bank of Baroda and Axis Bank, according to senior officials at the ...
Call your nearest eye bank.. For emergencies, more details and making your eye donation pledge, please contact:. Eye Bank, ... C U Shah Eye Bank. The C U Shah Eye Bank started functioning in Sankara Nethralaya from September 1979. The department of ... Eyes need to be collected within 6 hours of death so call your nearest eye bank at the earliest. You are authorized to donate ... The C U Shah Eye Bank, over the last 30 years, has seen a tremendous increase in the number of eye donations. From a mere 8 ...
The Punjab National Bank branch in south Mumbai sits just down the road from both the Bombay Stock Exchange and the Reserve ... Bank of India, at a physical centre of one of the worlds fastest growing major economies. ... A review of bank and government documents related to the case - and interviews with current and former PNB executives, bank ... Insight: Eyes wide shut - the $1.8 billion Indian bank fraud that went unnoticed. ...
Deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi inaugurated an eye bank at Patna Medical College and Hospital (PMCH) to mark the World Organ ... Eye bank opens at PMCH, kidney transplant unit soon. Ayesha Hassan. Deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi inaugurated an eye bank at ... Dy CM Sushil Kumar Modi and state health minister Mangal Pandey at the inauguration of an eye bank at PMCH on Monday. PATNA: ... Commenting on eye banks in all eight government medical colleges in the state, Kumar said the equipment and infrastructure for ...
Among the following, which happens to his eyes? A The pupil enlarges B Less light enters the eye C Eye lenses become thinner D ... A Protects the cornea B Sends nerve impulses to the brain C Avoids light reflection in the eye D Maintains the shape of the eye ... The diagram above shows the eye of a person who is long-sighted focusing a near object. Which of the points indicated by A, B, ... The above figure shows the cross-section of the human eye. (a) On the figure above, label organs P, Q, R and S using the ...
In the Eye of a Storm: Manhattans Money Center Banks During the International Financial Crisis of 1931 Gary Richardson & ... "In the Eye of a Storm: Manhattans Money Center Banks during the International Financial Crisis of 1931," Explorations in ... New York banks behavior changed only after the Federal Reserve raised discount rates to stem gold outflows in the fall of 1931 ... This article describes how banks in New York City, the central money market of the United States, reacted to this trans- ...
... is not planning to acquire banks in the UAE. However, it is seeking to expand outside the country.The bank is ... which achieved the best financial results and the biggest profits among all other banks in the UAE despite the economic crisis ... Does First Gulf Bank plan to acquire new banks outside the UAE, like Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank and Union National Bank where they ... First Gulf Bank eyes overseas expansion. First Gulf Bank received A+ investment rating in 2009. (EB FILE) ...
Find out more about how Spire South Bank Hospital can treat eye problems. ... We offer a wide range of treatments for common eye problems including glaucoma treatment, cataract surgery and refractive lens ... Why choose the Spire South Bank Eye Centre? The Spire South Bank Eye Centre here at Worcester offers state of the art ... At Spire South Bank Hospital, we offer a wide range of treatments for common eye problems at our Eye Centre including glaucoma ...
Karnit Flug, first female Bank of Israel chief, eyeing economic inequality. By Ben Sales November 6, 2013 3:59 pm ... Like the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank, the Bank of Israels function is to set the countrys monetary policy. Taxes, subsidies and ... The Bank of Israel plays "an important role in putting these issues on the agenda of the government." ... After a four-year stint at the International Monetary Fund, Flug joined the Bank of Israel in 1988 and became its deputy ...
Gilles Thuret, Emilie Courrier, Sylvain Poinard, Philippe Gain, Marc BaudHuin, Isabelle Martinache, Claus Cursiefen, Philip Maier, Jesper Hjortdal, Jacinto Sanchez Ibanez, Diego Ponzin, Stefano Ferrari, Gary Jones, Carlo Griffoni, Paul Rooney, Kyle Bennett, W John Armitage, Francisco Figueiredo, Rudy Nuijts, Mor Dickman ...
... an international authority on corneal transplantation and external diseases of the eye, will receive the 2011-12 Distinguished ... have no effective eye and tissue-banking services. As a recent president of the Pan American Association of Eye Banks and ... In 1980, Mannis and UC Davis Medical Center assumed leadership of a fledgling eye bank founded by the Lions Club, and grew its ... Mannis, who has served as ocular medical director for the eye bank for more than 30 years, aims to increase the number of ...
... treat and reverse vision loss associated with childhood eye disease. ... treat and reverse vision loss associated with childhood eye disease. ... The Cleveland Eye Bank Foundation is awarding an initial $5,000 grant to the Akron Childrens Hospital Vision Center, with ... The Cleveland Eye Bank Foundation, which aims to support more breakthrough vision research in the region, is also currently ...
Chinas local commercial banks are eagerly looking for initial public offerings either in Hong Kong or mainland China to refill ... China city banks eye IPOs amid bad debt pile-up Chinas local commercial banks are eagerly looking for initial public offerings ... Click for more on: china , bank of qingdao , bank of jinzhou , ipo , compliance ... Chinas local commercial banks are eagerly looking for initial public offerings in either Hong Kong or mainland China to refill ...
  • In October 1961, the Committee of Eye-Banks formed the Association during an organizational meeting in Chicago and named it the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA). (
  • The Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA) was established in 1961, and its members include eye banks that operate not only in the United States, but also in Canada, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. (
  • The Illinois Eye-Bank is accredited by the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA), and operates in compliance with EBAA Medical Standards and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations. (
  • Mannis is recognized for his 30-year commitment to public service in establishing eye-banking and tissue-donation services and medical education in the United States and throughout the world, especially in Latin America. (
  • Mannis also has worked for the past 15 years to expand eye-bank networks in Latin America, where 23 countries, including Mexico and Argentina, have no effective eye and tissue-banking services. (
  • As a recent president of the Pan American Association of Eye Banks and current president of the Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology, he has directed and actively participated in the comprehensive training of corneal transplant teams in Central and South America. (
  • Since our Bank of America rant seems to be favorite of our readers, this news story jumped right out. (
  • Bank of America insisted that Mr. Valdez provide a thumbprint to verify his identity, which he was unable to do because he was born with no arms. (
  • The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Associations is formed of the Eye Bank Association of America, the European Eye Bank Association, the Association of Eye Banks of Asia, the Eye Banks Association of Australia and New Zealand, the Pan American Association of Eye Banks and the Eye Banks Association of India. (
  • Registration [1] for the Cornea Society/Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA) Cornea and Eye Banking Forum 2017 [2] - formerly the Fall Educational Symposium - is open. (
  • The Iowa Lions Eye Bank is an accredited charter member of the Eye Bank Association of America and is inspected every three years to ensure quality control and adherence to strict medical standards. (
  • Excellence - We provide safe and high quality tissue, meeting the eye bank standards of the Eye Bank Association of America and Food and Drug Administration, while partnering with the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics and Department of Ophthalmology. (
  • Iowa Lions Eye Bank was first registered with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2001 and was a charter member of the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA) when it was formed in 1961. (
  • Bank of America ( BAC ) was fined $205 million. (
  • Wellesley Bank plans to open a branch on Federal Street in October, next to Bank of America and Fidelity Investments. (
  • Dubord, PJ & Mannis, MJ 1991, ' International eye banking and the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA) ', Refractive and Corneal Surgery , vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 478. (
  • Feb. 24 (UPI) -- Tyra Banks appeared on Good Morning America Monday to discuss her upcoming theme park, ModelLand. (
  • The Aurora-based Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Bank has endorsed Deron Dempsey, who is challenging Boulder County Coroner Emma Hall. (
  • The Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Bank (RMLEB) is the nonprofit organization responsible for carrying out the promise of eye donors in Colorado and Wyoming to help another overcome blindness. (
  • The Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Bank is located at the Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Institute on the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center's Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora, Colorado. (
  • The department of Medical Sociology was established in 1990 with the aim of promoting awareness on eye donation by educating and motivating the public for this noble cause. (
  • You are authorized to donate the eyes of your beloved relatives at the time of their death, even if a pledge for donation has not been made earlier by the deceased. (
  • What should I do till the Eye Donation team arrives? (
  • Any specials phone no. for eye bank and eye donation? (
  • Motivate and educate others about eye donation. (
  • Deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi inaugurated an eye bank at Patna Medical College and Hospital (PMCH) to mark the World Organ Donation Day on Monday. (
  • Lions Eye Bank of Wisconsin held its annual Legacy of Sight ceremony, which honored families and their loved ones, who gave the gift of sight through eye donation. (
  • November also marked the beginning of National Eye Donation Month, which raises eye donation awareness, honors donors, celebrates recipients and acknowledges the entire community of people who are involved in the journey of sight restoration. (
  • For more information about organ, eye and tissue donation, visit (
  • The Democratic primary battle for Boulder County coroner has given rise to sharp criticism of the incumbent's commitment to tissue donation by the eye bank serving Colorado and most of Wyoming, and the current officeholder is returning fire. (
  • RMLEB is very proud to also increase eye, organ and tissue donor awareness, engaging in advocacy, and secure and provide resources for anyone to "Share the Circle of Light" through eye donation. (
  • Long term donor-community education programmes and donor registries (often done in combination with other tissues and organ education programs) to promote eye and organ donation. (
  • This article presents a fact-based, direct approach in order to evaluate the strengths and short comings of both local eye banks and larger companies that have penetrated the market of eye donation. (
  • The Eye Bank Association of Australia & New Zealand (EBANNZ) is the peak body for eye donation and transplants in Australia and New Zealand. (
  • EBAANZ compiles comprehensive statistics of eye donation and eye tissue transplant activity across Australia and New Zealand. (
  • With an active participation of Lions Club of Pashupatinath and generous support from Pashupati Area Development Trust, a proper Eye Donation Information Center & Cornea Excision Center was set up at the Cremation site of Bhasmeswar Ghat of Pashupati Area. (
  • Public awareness campaigns for cornea donation have required a lot of commitment and it is a continuous process for the Eye Bank technicians, local Lions clubs, entertainers and individuals, who have all participated in innovative public awareness campaigns, high-profile donations and cornea pledge meetings. (
  • Eye donation should not prevent having an open-casket service. (
  • Does my religion support eye, organ and tissue donation? (
  • No, cancer does not automatically prohibit eye donation. (
  • Research into diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma and diseases of the retina are advanced through eye donation. (
  • We will set the standards for the next generation of technological breakthroughs in eye banking and cornea research, forge global collaborations, and inspire individuals to choose donation. (
  • This new Eye Bank is a donation from Singapore following a request made by President Mahinda Rajapaksa last year. (
  • This year it is celebrated the entire month of August to continue to provide education about organ, eye and tissue donation and transplantation, encourage donor registration and family conversations about donation, and promote healthy living and disease prevention to decrease the need for transplantation. (
  • The exhibit not only educates the public about the impact eye donation has in the lives of our communities, but it also helps support the eye bank's mission through an auction of the photos from the exhibit. (
  • If you would like to learn more about eye donation, distribution, or any of our other services, contact the San Diego Eye Bank® . (
  • The San Diego Eye Bank® is dedicated to the latest advances in ocular tissue collection, processing, and donation, as well as a full range of other services for ophthalmology professionals, including a state-of-the-art excimer laser facility. (
  • In March 1992, the American University of Beirut International Eye Bank (AUBIEB), a bank that recovers tissues for transplant, research, and training, was inaugurated through a generous donation from Dr. Akef El Maghrabi and his wife and the Saudi Eye Foundation. (
  • When the potential donor is deceased, we contact the next of kin to offer options for eye donation. (
  • For deceased individuals, the closest next of kin who has the will to donate can inform the nurse manager at the nursing station who in turn contacts the Eye Bank team to meet the family and discuss the process required to proceed with the donation. (
  • All the eye banks in Ahmedabad are bent towards providing a very standard and quality based international services in donation of eyes and the processing and evaluation of high quality tissues for the eyes. (
  • Initiating the Program of Hospital Eye Donation in various multispecialty hospitals of Ahmedabad. (
  • Acting in the form of a central resource for several eye banks and providing technical support and even the help required in the eye donation sector. (
  • The 1940s not only brought improvements to corneal transplantation, but also an incentive to mainstream those procedures into eye banking. (
  • The establishment of the world's first eye bank was only the beginning of the great steps taken to improve corneal transplantation and to increase eye banking's influence in the transplantation community. (
  • These interventions are considered major contributions to the current safety of eye transplantation. (
  • The Eye-Bank recovers donated eye tissue, with consent, for the purposes of corneal transplantation, scleral implantation, vision research and training. (
  • Modi asked the health officials to conduct surveys to find out the number of such persons who need eye transplantation. (
  • Mark J. Mannis, an international authority on corneal transplantation and external diseases of the eye, will receive the 2011-12 Distinguished Scholarly Public Service Award from the UC Davis Academic Senate at a reception on May 2. (
  • A team of professionals with extensive experience in eye banking and/or corneal transplantation conduct site inspections of eye banks at least every three years to evaluate adherence to EBAA Medical Standards and procedures. (
  • EBAA routinely interacts with the agencies, like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), that oversee eye bankin and transplantation. (
  • For more than 50 years, LEBW has been dedicated to restoring sight through the recovery and transplantation of corneal tissue, research to advance the knowledge and treatment of eye disease and education to increase donations. (
  • The Gauteng Cornea & Eye Bank is a Non Profit, Section 21 Company, registered with the South African Department of Health to procure, medically evaluate and distribute corneal and scleral tissue, which has been donated by caring individuals for use in transplantation. (
  • One of the biggest barriers to corneal transplantation is access to ethically donated and allocated human corneal tissue (HCT) - which is managed through a service called Eye Banking. (
  • Iowa Lions Eye Bank is a non-profit service organization dedicated to the restoration and preservation of sight through the recovery, processing and distribution of human ocular tissue for transplantation and research, primarily in Iowa, but also throughout the world. (
  • The International Cornea Project® is a humanitarian program whose mission is to provide corneas for transplantation to ophthalmologists and eye banks around the world. (
  • Eye transplantation refers to corneal transplantation since only one part of the eye can be transplanted, and there is no way to have a whole eye or full ocular transplantation. (
  • The team in our eye bank procures, receives, stores, and screens donated eye tissue, which is used for corneal transplantation and glaucoma surgery. (
  • Collecting, processing, preserving and evaluating the eyes that are donated for the purpose of corneal transplantation. (
  • Unlike other organs and tissues, there is an adequate supply of corneas for transplants in the United States, and excess tissue is exported internationally, where there are shortages in many countries, due to greater demand and a less-developed eye banking infrastructure. (
  • Lions Eye Bank of Delaware Valley is a nonprofit organization that obtains, medically evaluates and distributes human corneas for cornea transplant, research and education. (
  • In recent years, the number of donor corneas procured by eye banks is steadily increasing all over the world. (
  • To compare anterior segment spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) with eye bank technician slit-lamp examination (SLE) in characterizing lesions in donor corneas. (
  • Twenty-nine donor corneas identified by eye bank technicians to have opacities or lesions potentially representing pathologic findings affecting the stroma were evaluated through the use of technician SLE, SLE photography, and OCT. Technicians were tasked with describing the lesion, estimating the lesion depth, and photographing their SLE findings. (
  • In the initial years, corneas were excised from a deceased body in the open at the cremation site at Pashupatinath temple (the major cremation site of Kathmandu), mostly on the bank of river with crowd of people watching. (
  • The Iowa Lions Eye Bank reported a record year in 2001, with 1,445 donor eyes received and 840 corneas provided for transplant. (
  • There were 17 eyes (40%) that were re-bubbled, with 16 successfully re-bubbled eyes quickly attaining clear corneas and good vision, and 1 eye in the replacement group. (
  • Current Source of Tissue(Name of Eye Bank(s) or Institute(s) Where you source corneas from? (
  • The bank will provide high quality corneas to Sri Lankan patients as well as patients from other countries, especially those from other Asian countries and foreign hospitals. (
  • The Singapore National Eye Centre Director, Professor Donald Tan said that Sri Lanka was the first international eye donator when it donated six corneas to Singapore in 1964. (
  • The Eye Bank of Ethiopia (EBE) today celebrates its 15 years of service reversing corneal blindness through the collection and processing of donor corneas. (
  • a place for the storage of corneas that have been removed from the eyes of people recently deceased, used for transplanting to the eyes of persons having corneal defects. (
  • A place where corneas of eyes removed immediately after death are preserved for subsequent keratoplasty. (
  • Chinese bankers have complained that it's been difficult for them to set up branches or invest in banks in the world's leading economy, due partly to U.S. regulators' tough supervision and strict approval process for financial deals. (
  • To illustrate the global shake-down, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China ( 601398.SS ) ( 1398.HK ) is now the world's biggest bank by market value, while Citigroup Inc ( C.N ), once the world's No.1 bank, is worth the same as a second-tier commercial bank in China. (
  • The Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration, the world's first eye bank, is devoted to restoring sight through eye donations and cornea transplants, as well as providing ocular tissue for research into treatment and cures for other eye diseases. (
  • In 1944, Paton established the world's first eye bank, the Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration, in New York. (
  • NEW DELHI/MUMBAI (Reuters) - The Punjab National Bank branch in south Mumbai sits just down the road from both the Bombay Stock Exchange and the Reserve Bank of India, at a physical centre of one of the world's fastest growing major economies. (
  • The Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration is the world's first eye bank, which deals with restoration of eye sight through eye donations and cornea transplants. (
  • Countries without eye bank services are mostly located in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) - where an estimated 90% of the world's vision impaired reside. (
  • Tyra Banks is one of four African Americans and seven women to have repeatedly ranked among the world's most. (
  • Eye banks recover, prepare and deliver donated eyes for cornea transplants and research. (
  • Currently, in the United States, eye banks provide tissue for over 80,000 cornea transplants each year to treat conditions such as keratoconus and corneal scarring. (
  • R. Townley Paton, a renowned American ophthalmologist had become affiliated with Manhattan Eye, Ear & Throat Hospital, where he began performing corneal transplants with privately-acquired tissue. (
  • After performing many corneal transplants, Paton came to the conclusion that a formal system of eye collection needed to be developed - thus, the eye bank was born. (
  • Boulder County stands out among the other 63 counties in the state," said Robert Austin, spokesman for the eye bank, a nonprofit that facilitates about 2,000 sight-restorative transplants each year in Colorado and Wyoming. (
  • The eye bank has carried out this wish of over 41,000 eye donors in Colorado and Wyoming by facilitating more than 40,000 sight-restorative transplants locally, domestically and throughout the world. (
  • Since 1960, eye banks nationwide have made possible more than 700,000 sight-restoring corneal transplants, and the Iowa Lions Eye Bank provided tissue for 8,554 such transplants in that period. (
  • Thousands of New Yorkers waiting for health restoring transplants can benefit from eye, organ and tissue donations. (
  • In 1955, 27 ophthalmologists (representing 12 eye banks), met with four major medical groups under the auspices of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology (AAO&O). During that meeting, a Committee on Eye-Banks was formed and Paton was named Chairman. (
  • The first corneal eye transplant was carried out at PMCH on Monday with support from Regional Institute of Ophthalmology of Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences. (
  • For his contributions to clinical ophthalmic science, eye banking and Latin American ophthalmology, he received the Moacyr Alvaro Gold Medal from the Federal University of Sao Paulo and was awarded the title of Doctor Honoris Causa by the National University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru. (
  • We're so grateful to the Cleveland Eye Bank Foundation for their generosity," said Dr. Richard Hertle, director of pediatric ophthalmology at Akron Children's Hospital, in a provided statement. (
  • The Iowa Lions, in association with the UI Department of Ophthalmology under Alson E. Braley, M.D., established the Iowa Lions Eye Bank in 1955. (
  • Iowa Lions Eye Bank is affiliated with the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in Iowa City, Iowa. (
  • In 1954, Dr. Alson E. Braley, Chairman of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Iowa, saw the need for an eye bank in the Midwest and approached the Iowa Lions at the Lions State Convention in Fort Dodge, Iowa. (
  • At the San Diego Eye Bank®, we are dedicated to providing continuing medical education programs that feature internationally known speakers and the latest issues and technologies surrounding ophthalmology. (
  • From a mere 8 eyes in 1980, 1204 eyes were collected in 2017. (
  • Spandana has raised aggregate funds amounting to Rs 2,100 crore in April to December 2017 from 23 banks and financial institutions via PTCs, term loans and capital market instruments. (
  • The EBAA has established comprehensive medical standards for eye banks, and the standardized the training and certification of eye bank technicians. (
  • His efforts to increase the number of high-quality ocular tissues available for transplant, as well as the number of ophthalmologists and technicians trained in the latest corneal transplant and eye-banking methodologies, have enabled tens of thousands of individuals with blinding eye diseases around the globe to receive the gift of sight. (
  • His goal is to empower physicians and technicians to create and sustain high-quality eye banking services that are compatible with the political, religious and cultural norms of their native countries so they do not have to rely on tissues imported from the U.S. Since 2002, he has taught hundreds of physicians and technicians, and his efforts also have led to new eye-banking services in Paraguay, Bolivia and Brazil. (
  • EBAA is the nationally recognized certifying body for eye bank technicians. (
  • EBAA holds a three-day Technician Education Seminar annually, which includes a series of lectures on the practical, technical, and scientific aspects of eye banking practices for new technicians. (
  • This unique seminar is designed to fit the needs of beginning eye bank technicians and includes lectures, demonstrations, and hands on experience. (
  • EBAA webinars present Certified Eye Bank Technicians with more options for completing their requirements for recertification. (
  • In 1999, eye bank technicians began traveling to hospitals within a 60-mile radius of Iowa City to recover corneal tissue from donated eyes. (
  • Two other ophthalmic technicians and I screened about 200 patients at the hospital eye clinic. (
  • EBAA's Medical Advisory Board updates them regularly, typically twice a year, to ensure they include the most current eye banking standards, and then they are sent to EBAA members. (
  • Access to EBAA Connect, EBAA's real-time, web-based reporting and analytics engine, provides EBAA members with the ability benchmark their performance in key areas including, conversion rate, outcomes of tissue and more, against the average performance of all eye banks over any custom time span. (
  • The Focal Point provides a comprehensive view of regulatory and legislative activities of importance to EBAA members, zeroing in on the those with the greatest impact on eye banking. (
  • EBAA offers the opportunity to attain Certified Eye Bank Technician (CEBT) status through an examination administered by an outside educational testing agency. (
  • EBAA holds both regular and periodic seminars on eye banking topics requiring a deeper dive. (
  • EBAA is the nationally-recognized accrediting body for eye banks. (
  • EBAA accreditation meets or exceeds most state and national regulations and encourages public confidence in eye banking. (
  • EBAA represents every eye bank in the United States and over a dozen other eye banks worldwide. (
  • Speaking to TOI, SBM India CEO Sidharth Rath said the bank was hiring senior management for its operations here. (
  • Medindia's Emergency Medical Consulting service has information on a wide range of emergency services that include information on eye banks located across India, ambulances, hospitals, blood banks, 24-hour pharmacies and oxygen supplies available near your location. (
  • The local banks that are awaiting CEPA are the Commercial Bank, HNB and Sampath Bank - to set up office in India. (
  • A Punjab National Bank logo is pictured outside its branch in New Delhi, India, February 16, 2018. (
  • Preloaded, trifolded grafts in Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty require transfer of the trifolding process from the corneal transplant surgeon to the eye bank technician. (
  • Endothelial Keratoplasty and Eye Banking: Do Donor Variables Influence Surgical Success? (
  • FILE - In this file photo dated Wednesday, March 11, 2020, pedestrians wearing face masks walk past the Bank of England in London. (
  • The Bank of England kept its main interest rate unchanged at the record low of 0.1% on Thursday Sept. 17, 2020, as it waits to see how the economy recovers from recession and what Britain's future trade relationship with the European Union will be. (
  • Sen. Jeff Flake eyes 2020 primary challeng. (
  • Emily, an organ, eye and tissue donor, provided the gift of sight to two people in Wisconsin and saved and healed the lives of more than 60 people. (
  • Almost anyone can be an eye donor after death and leave the beautiful gift of sight to someone in need. (
  • The Iowa Lions Eye Bank will hold an open house event from 1-4 p.m. Saturday, April 27, in its new facility located at 2346 Mormon Trek Blvd., Suite 1500, in Iowa City. (
  • Our program has grown tremendously over the years and our new location is helping to meet our needs for expanded space and additional staff members,' said Pat Mason, executive director of the Iowa Lions Eye Bank. (
  • Now, approximately 400 Lions and Lioness Clubs in Iowa help support the Iowa Lions Eye Bank through volunteerism and fundraising. (
  • The Iowa Lions Eye Bank also plays a central role in research. (
  • The Iowa Lions Eye Bank is also among 32 eye banks in the United States participating in a five-year study of the potential viability of accepting older adults as eye donors. (
  • In addition, the Iowa Lions Eye Bank is one of only 13 U.S. eye banks belonging to Vision Share, a national leader in the eye banking community dedicated to promoting the highest possible standards for donor tissue, quality and donor screening. (
  • They accepted the challenge, and the Iowa Lions Eye Bank was established at the University of Iowa Medical Center on September 13, 1955. (
  • Over 60 years later, Iowa Lions Eye Bank continues to be the only eye bank in the state of Iowa and serves all its 99 counties. (
  • It offers donated eye, skin, cardiovascular, cartilage and musculoskeletal tissues as well as organs for transplant. (
  • In 2012, Sierra Donor Services supplies nearly 95 percent of the eye tissues needed for corneal transplant surgery by hospitals and clinics in the region, and in 2012 led the nation in the number of organs recovered. (
  • The eye bank is criticizing Hall for declining to sign a working protocol for handling donated eye tissues, as outlined by statute, and alleges that coroner denials or restrictions on donations have climbed 800 percent under her administration. (
  • Austin said that by the eye bank's records, there were 16 Boulder County cases in 2013 in which donations of eye tissues were denied by the coroner or delayed beyond time frames compatible with tissue preservation, and that in the previous year, there were 12. (
  • For nearly 50 years, the San Diego Eye Bank® has served local, national, and international physicians by providing high quality transplant and research tissues. (
  • In addition, the team coordinates with different international eye banks, certified and accepted by the Ministry of Public Health in Lebanon, in order to supplement our need of ocular tissues. (
  • Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz held Canada's trend-setting interest rate steady at 1.25 per cent on Wednesday, March 7, 2018, citing growing uncertainty over international trade. (
  • Though analysts disagree on how many more times the Bank of Canada will raise rates this year, most of them believe it will implement at least one more hike before the end of 2018. (
  • The first successful cornea transplant was performed in 1905 and the first eye bank was founded in 1944. (
  • A Corneal transplant is a surgery through which the opaque cornea is replaced with a clear cornea obtained from a human donor eye. (
  • Peyton had his first of multiple surgeries at only one month of age, and his first cornea transplant in his right eye at just six months old. (
  • Since 1957, Lions Eye Bank has provided corneal tissue to more than 40,000 individuals in need of a sight-restoring or sight-improving transplant. (
  • An Eye bank pre-cut the donor grafts used for the corneal transplant procedures. (
  • They will thereafter pass on the information provided to the nearest transplant centre or tissue bank. (
  • We especially want to invite all eye donor families and corneal transplant recipients to join us for the open house event,' Mason added. (
  • Eyes donated to The Eye-Bank that are not medically suitable for transplant may be used for medical research and education. (
  • However, if at the time of death a family member is in need of a cornea transplant then The Eye-Bank will make every effort to match the donor tissue with that person. (
  • Patients elected to have a corneal transplant will be referred by their ophthalmologist to the Eye Bank upon filling a medical report. (
  • Shetty did so using the bank's SWIFT system to log in with passwords that allowed him, and in at least some instances a more junior official, to serve as both the person who sent messages and as the person who reviewed them for approval, according to court documents and interviews with bank executives. (
  • How do you evaluate the bank's performance in 2009 - a difficult and exceptional year for the UAE banking sector? (
  • She said that the Bank indeed can separate out pro poor investments: "We know that distributed renewables are a much more efficient way of delivering energy access, so if that's really the Bank's goal, then it should put its money where its mouth is. (
  • Reside within The Eye-Bank's service area: New York City, Long Island, and the lower Hudson Valley (Westchester, Rockland, Putnam and Orange Counties). (
  • Angola's central bank may begin the process of fully floating its kwanza currency in three months' time, the bank's governor Jose Massano said, according to daily O Pais on Monday. (
  • It's a great way to give back and to help support the eye bank's sight-saving mission! (
  • All these photos will be auctioned off to support the eye bank's mission. (
  • Throughout the Eye Bank's history, we have helped to ensure that those suffering from corneal blindness in Ethiopia are able to get the care they need," said Dr. Menen Ayalew Shibeshi, Medical Director of the EBE. (
  • With constant commitment with our accomplice eye bank, we have set sensible courses of events for patients requiring keratoplasty and have coordinated timetables for the careful group. (
  • The new Global Alliance of Eye Bank Associations aims to share knowledge and expertise, best practice guidelines, and information on scientific meetings and educational events. (
  • A memorial service is organized every year for all the eye donors. (
  • Donors had been pre-stripped by the eye bank 1 to 2 days prior to surgery. (
  • Donors that are pre-stripped by the eye bank for DMEK surgery do not increase the risk of graft failure or re-bubbling compared to surgeon prepared tissue. (
  • After 50 years of impacting donors and recipient families around the world, Alabama Eye Bank is proud to say we're still focused on purpose. (
  • Healthy individuals who choose to become prospective donors can pass by our Eye Bank and sign a donor pledge witnessed by two of their relatives. (
  • Providing services in eye banking twenty-four by seven and respecting the strong wishes of the donors who have intentions of gifting their sight to people who are visually disabled. (
  • Public awareness about the need for eye donations is a key component of our efforts to restore sight to thousands of men, women and children each year. (
  • The Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration Inc . invites applications for the Young Ambassador Scholarship Program . (
  • The Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration Inc. is pleased to announce the establishment of its Young Ambassador Scholarship in Memory of Christopher Nordquist. (
  • Alabama Eye Bank is becoming 'Advancing Sight Network' as we grow our services. (
  • The San Diego Eye Bank® is dedicated to restoring sight around the world. (
  • The best way to become an eye, organ and tissue donor is to enroll in the New York State Donate Life Registry here . (
  • The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes with eye bank pre-cut and surgeon-dissected donor grafts for DSEK. (
  • A total of 10 grafts were stained, peeled, and transferred directly onto a bed of Calcein-AM and Amvisc Plus by an eye bank technician. (
  • A Sino-U.S. Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to encourage Chinese banks to invest in U.S. lenders is in the making, and China's banking regulator has sought feedback from big domestic banks, bankers told Reuters. (
  • In October 2007, Minsheng Banking Corp ( 600016.SS ), China's seventh-largest by assets, agreed to buy 9.9 percent of San Francisco-based UCBH Holdings Inc UCBH.O for more than $200 million in the first investment by a mainland Chinese bank in a U.S. bank. (
  • I feel lots of uncertainties still exist in the U.S. financial market and we want to keep a distance from these toxic assets at this moment," said Ma Weihua, CEO of Merchants Bank, China's sixth-largest lender by assets. (
  • Europe's markets mostly held around the flat line Tuesday, but banks were under pressure amid reports on a fresh money laundering scandal, while investors kept an eye on China's economy and Wall Street on the heels of a tough session for U.S. equities. (
  • China's local commercial banks are eagerly looking for initial public offerings either in Hong Kong or mainland China to refill their coffers as bad debt increases. (
  • China's local commercial banks are eagerly looking for initial public offerings in either Hong Kong or mainland China to refill their coffers with fresh capital, as bad debt piles up following a period of rapid expansion. (
  • Zheng Hui, the 58-year-old president of Agricultural Development Bank of China, is a defender of many traditions, such as bonding with business friends over a bottle of baijiu, China's rice wine. (
  • A recovery technician is then dispatched to the hospital, funeral home, or medical examiner's office to recover the donor's eyes. (
  • At Spire South Bank Hospital, we offer a wide range of treatments for common eye problems at our Eye Centre including glaucoma treatment, cataract surgery and refractive lens surgery. (
  • The Cleveland Eye Bank Foundation is awarding an initial $5,000 grant to the Akron Children's Hospital Vision Center , with expectation of continued support. (
  • We are thrilled to support breakthrough research into childhood eye diseases and vision loss at Akron Children's Hospital Vision Center," said Debbie May-Johnson, executive director of the foundation, in a provided statement. (
  • Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapaksa declared open the first ever National Eye Bank constructed at a cost of 300 million rupees at the National Eye Hospital premises, Colombo on 24 February. (
  • The construction of the hospital was funded by the Lee Foundation of Singapore through the Asia Cornea Foundation and Singapore National Eye Centre with the cooperation of the Sri Lankan government. (
  • The President also inspected the laboratory of the Eye Bank and had cordial discussions with the patients in the hospital. (
  • Deputy Minister Lalith Dissanayake, MP Thilanga Sumathipala, Secretary of Health Dr. Ravindra Ruberu, Director of General Hospital Dr. Hector Weerasinghe, Eye Surgeon Dr. Charith Fonseka and the doctors and the staff of the Eye Hospital were also present. (
  • Banks is the creator and host of the UPN/The CW reality television show America's Next Top Model, co-creator of True Beauty, and host of her own talk show, The Tyra Banks Show. (
  • President Mahinda Rajapaksa presented a memento to the Director of Singapore National Eye Centre Prof. Donald Tan for his support. (
  • Water Bank Eye Gel features the same superior technology for accelerated hydration, now in a singularly refreshing and quick absorbing eye awakener. (
  • The Cleveland Eye Bank Foundation, which aims to support more breakthrough vision research in the region, is also currently funding research at Cleveland Clinic Cole Eye Institute and University Hospitals Eye Institute, according to the release. (
  • Training and orientation in eye banking has also been given to doctors and medical students of other eye hospitals of Nepal and other countries. (
  • The eye bank moved from its original location in University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics last December 18. (
  • The diagram above shows the eye of a person who is short-sighted and the method to correct it. (
  • Red Constantino of Philippine-based NGO Institute for Climate and Sustainable Cities said: "When it comes to energy lending, the Bank is both short-sighted and cross-eyed. (
  • We sought to assess whether trifolding may be safely conducted by an eye bank technician with cell loss comparable to standard peeling and lifting. (
  • Despite additional manipulation of the graft, trifolding of Descemet membrane and endothelium may be performed by an eye bank technician without significantly increased cell loss relative to graft preparation as a scroll. (
  • Rath had only recently taken charge after a long stint with Axis Bank, where corporate banking was among his responsibilities. (
  • The government is forging ahead with the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) which will facilitate the entry here of two Indian banks - Bank of Baroda and Axis Bank, according to senior officials at the Central Bank. (
  • According to banking industry sources, Axis Bank, formerly UTI Bank, had applied to start operations here before ICICI Bank did. (
  • Pre-stripped tissue transfers the financial risk of donor damage and case cancellation from the surgeon to the eye bank, removing one large obstacle to the adoption by surgeons of DMEK surgery. (
  • Insight is EBAA's monthly e-newsletter for member eye banks and R. Townley Paton Society members that provides information on events, educational opportunities, current news and other information curated for the eye banking and ophthalmic communities. (
  • This will add a new dimension to the foundation, increasing our reach to the Akron community and serving adults as well as children with eye diseases. (
  • Teh eye bank also provides ocular tissue for research into treatment and treatments for other eye diseases. (
  • People who have poor vision and wear glasses, or have had previous eye diseases or surgery, can still donate. (
  • Last month, Punjab National Bank, known as PNB, filed an initial criminal complaint with the country's Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) accusing celebrity jeweller Nirav Modi and others of defrauding the bank and causing it a loss of 2.8 billion Indian rupees (more than £31 million). (
  • A review of bank and government documents related to the case - and interviews with current and former PNB executives, bank auditors and experts - points to a lack of accountability and standards in the country's public banking system. (
  • Like the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank, the Bank of Israel's function is to set the country's monetary policy. (
  • A number of the country's largest local commercial lenders are either queued up in the IPO pipeline or have already successfully tapped the equity market for funds like Bank of Qingdao and Bank of Jinzhou. (
  • The Foreign Trade Bank of North Korea, the country's main foreign-exchange bank, has been told its account has been closed," Dow Jones reported, citing a statement from the Chinese financial institution. (
  • The Bank of China is one of the country's biggest state-owned banks and is subject to political directives from Chinese authorities. (
  • Customers leave an Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) branch in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen, August 20, 2009. (
  • Merchants Bank opened its first U.S. branch in New York about a year ago, and Ma said the branch would hire more local staff to expand its business there. (
  • Although SBM had a local branch here, for all purposes we are a startup bank. (
  • The branch, clad in a stately colonial edifice, is now also at the heart of a fraud case linked to billionaire jeweller Nirav Modi that has shaken confidence in a state banking sector that accounts for some 70 percent of India's banking assets. (
  • According to court documents filed on Saturday by the CBI, branch deputy manager Gokulnath Shetty issued a series of fraudulent Letters of Undertaking - essentially guarantees sent to other banks so that they would provide loans to a customer, in this case a group of Indian jewellery companies. (
  • In 2009, the bank continued working as per its strategic plan where it turned its representative office in Singapore into a banking transaction branch for companies. (
  • Its mission is supported by volunteer efforts and charitable contributions, as well as fees to help cover the costs incurred in the provision of eye tissue recovery, evaluation and distribution services. (
  • Howa Bank, a second-tier regional bank based in Oita Prefecture, said Friday it is considering applying to the Financial Services Agency for an injection of public funds to strengthen its depleted capital. (
  • It is currently heading for setting up a series of banking services extending from London to the Chinese market abroad. (
  • In 1980, Mannis and UC Davis Medical Center assumed leadership of a fledgling eye bank founded by the Lions Club, and grew its services over the years into a full-service nonprofit agency that today is known as Sierra Donor Services. (
  • Kotak Mahindra Bank , Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services, Yes Bank and Hinduja Leyland Finance are among the entities which have funded Spandana through PTCs in the past. (
  • Banks perform various services for their customers (money transmission, investment advice, etc.) and lend out money deposited with them in the form of loans and overdrafts or use their funds to purchase financial securities, in order to operate at a profit. (
  • And with Yemen's war now mired in stalemate, Hamdan says the greater danger continues to rest with the interruption of basic health services - like the blood bank - that Yemenis rely on to survive. (
  • Although our programs and services continue to adapt to the changing landscape, our mission to provide high-quality eye care has never wavered. (
  • Being the first country office for Orbis International , the Ethiopia Office has been working with local partners to build their capacity to provide quality eye care service, developing infrastructure, providing training to local doctors, nurses and community members, and conducting outreach services throughout our project areas. (
  • And now that the bank has a Boston presence, he said he's more likely to go to them for financial services, he said. (
  • Eye banks in Ahmedabad provide conscientious and professional services in eye banking in the city of Ahmedabad. (
  • Eye banks in Ahmedabad are found to be very good at the work that they do and at the same time they even possess the capability and the experience of managing different types of services related to eye banking in Ahmedabad. (
  • The foundation's board of directors approved the grant to help accelerate research initiatives that aim to prevent, treat and reverse vision loss associated with childhood eye disease, according to a news release, which notes that 7 million children suffer from a common childhood eye disease. (
  • Being a private philanthropic association oversaw by leading body of chiefs named by the territorial government, the Veneto Eye Bank has confronted operational difficulties more prominent than those accomplished by other Italian eye banks that are coordinated into public emergency clinics and subsidized by the general wellbeing framework. (
  • Hyderabad-based micro finance institution (MFI) Spandana Sphoorty Financial has raised Rs 400 crore from IndusInd Bank and Bank of Baroda by issuing pass through certificates (PTCs) to both the banks for securing this funding. (
  • We are delighted to do this securitisation deal with Bank of Baroda, one of the CDR lenders and first PSU lender to Spandana, post CDR,"she added. (
  • A basic screening consists of an eye chart test (identifying smaller and smaller letters) to check visual acuity . (
  • Most will only test visual acuity using the eye chart test. (
  • Strabismus (crossed eyes) and amblyopia (loss of visual acuity in one eye, which can result from untreated strabismus) are both relatively common in younger people. (
  • However, certain information can be shared and The Eye-Bank offers to conduct correspondence between donor families and recipients as long as identities are kept anonymous. (
  • Recipients especially are encouraged to send thank-you notes to their donor families through The Eye-Bank. (
  • 9. Which of the following eye defects is caused by the irregular curvature of the cornea? (
  • The one-day forum, to be held in New Orleans on Friday, Nov. 10 at the Astor Crowne Plaza on Canal Street, will provide cornea surgeons, eye bank personnel and vendors with the latest scientific developments on corneal surgery and eye banking. (