Solid Phase Extraction
Extraction and Processing Industry
Conflict of Interest
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
Advertising as Topic
Air Pollutants, Occupational
The selective extraction of deciduous teeth during the stage of mixed dentition in accordance with the shedding and eruption of the teeth. It is done over an extended period to allow autonomous adjustment to relieve crowding of the dental arches during the eruption of the lateral incisors, canines, and premolars, eventually involving the extraction of the first premolar teeth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
Reproducibility of Results
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Health Care Sector
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment (using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Natural Language Processing
Polymerase Chain Reaction
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Limit of Detection
Codes of Ethics
Solid Phase Microextraction
United States Food and Drug Administration
Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical
Substance Abuse Detection
Carbon Compounds, Inorganic
Analytic Sample Preparation Methods
Maximum Allowable Concentration
The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
Threshold Limit Values
Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).
Equipment and Supplies
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Marketing of Health Services
Guidelines as Topic
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Water Pollutants, Chemical
Interior Design and Furnishings
Information Storage and Retrieval
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.
Indicators and Reagents
Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)
Product Line Management
A highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. In solution, it has a wide range of uses: in the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative. Formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p717)
Green Chemistry Technology
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Occupational Health Services
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
High concentrations of heavy metals in neighborhoods near ore smelters in northern Mexico. (1/136)In developing countries, rapid industrialization without environmental controls has resulted in heavy metal contamination of communities. We hypothesized that residential neighborhoods located near ore industries in three northern Mexican cities would be heavily polluted with multiple contaminants (arsenic, cadmium, and lead) and that these sites would be point sources for the heavy metals. To evaluate these hypotheses, we obtained samples of roadside surface dust from residential neighborhoods within 2 m of metal smelters [Torreon (n = 19)] and Chihuahua (n = 19)] and a metal refinery [Monterrey (n = 23)]. Heavy metal concentrations in dust were mapped with respect to distance from the industrial sites. Correlation between dust metal concentration and distance was estimated with least-squares regression using log-transformed data. Median dust arsenic, cadmium, and lead concentrations were 32, 10, and 277 microg/g, respectively, in Chihuahua; 42, 2, and 467 microg/g, respectively, in Monterrey, and 113, 112, and 2,448 microg/g, respectively, in Torreon. Dust concentrations of all heavy metals were significantly higher around the active smelter in Torreon, where more than 90% of samples exceeded Superfund cleanup goals. At all sites, dust concentrations were inversely related to distance from the industrial source, implicating these industries as the likely source of the contamination. We concluded that residential neighborhoods around metal smelting and refining sites in these three cities are contaminated by heavy metals at concentrations likely to pose a health threat to people living nearby. Evaluations of human exposure near these sites should be conducted. Because multiple heavy metal pollutants may exist near smelter sites, researchers should avoid attributing toxicity to one heavy metal unless others have been measured and shown not to coexist. (+info)
A health promotion programme for oil refinery employees: changes of health promotion needs observed at three years. (2/136)The main aim of this three-year follow-up study was to evaluate the long-term effects of a workplace health promotion intervention programme offered by the Neste Oyj corporation's occupational health service. Another aim was to study factors associated with changes in health promotion needs. These were assessed using information obtained by means of questionnaires and laboratory measurements. The target areas assessed were physical activity, musculoskeletal problems, dietary habits, obesity, blood pressure, serum lipids, smoking, quality of sleep and mental well-being. Participants from one oil refinery were offered special health promotion counselling, while those from the other oil refinery studied received only their personal results, written information and instructions. Evaluation of the changes in needs was mainly based on comparison of the results of two examinations performed with an interval of three years. Effects of special health promotion counselling were observed in the target area of physical activity. Elimination of certain health promotion needs was seen in both groups in all of the target areas. The most extensive changes were seen in the target areas of musculoskeletal symptoms, dietary habits, blood pressure and mental well-being. Basic education, occupational status and age-group, as well as the value of tending health were frequent variables explaining the reduction in the need for health promotion activities. Worker participation in health promotion counselling activities provided by occupational health services can be high, as in this study in which the participation rate was 90% and the drop-out rate during the three years only 10%. (+info)
Ozone-induced respiratory illness during the repair of a portland cement kiln. (3/136)OBJECTIVES: Workers at a portland cement plant had experienced acute respiratory and eye irritation when performing maintenance inside a kiln. These episodes were associated with a bleach-like odor, which was only reported during maintenance operations. An industrial hygiene investigation was conducted to determine the cause of the illness. METHODS: While workers replaced refractory brick inside the kiln, air samples were collected for chlorine, sulfur dioxide, inorganic acid, ozone, and dust. After the rebricking was completed and all the workers had exited the kiln, its electrostatic precipitator was reduced to half power and the induced-draft (ID) fan was turned off to recreate conditions present during illness episodes. RESULTS: Chlorine, inorganic acid, and ozone were not detected, and only trace concentrations of sulfur dioxide were detected while workers were inside the kiln. However, when conditions present during previous episodes were recreated, the bleach-like odor was soon evident. Chlorine was not detected, but 0.09 to 0.11 ppm of ozone was measured at the discharge end of the kiln, and 4.5 ppm was measured at the inlet end. Within a half hour after the electrostatic precipitator was turned off and the ID fan was turned on, the ozone concentrations decreased to background levels of 0.02-0.03 ppm. CONCLUSIONS: Somewhat lower ozone exposures may have occurred during previous kiln maintenance operations due to more open access portals, but previous episodes of eye and respiratory irritation were probably caused when ozone, generated by the electrostatic precipitator, back-drafted into the kiln after the ID fan was turned off. (+info)
Impact of shift work on cardiovascular functions in a 10-year follow-up study. (4/136)OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether shift work affects the heart-rate-adjusted QT interval (QTc) in electorcardiography (ECG) and the blood pressure of workers without overt cardiovascular dysfunction. METHODS: At a copper smelter, 158 shift workers and 75 day workers who underwent an ECG examination and blood pressure measurements in 1986 were followed for 10 years. In 1996, biochemical indicators such as high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides were measured, together with the QTc. RESULTS: In 1986 and 1996, the QTc was significantly longer in the shift workers than in the day workers. Of 180 workers with a normal QTc (<420 ms(1/2) in 1986, 15% had developed a prolonged QTc (420 ms(1/2) in 1996 (18% of the 117 shift workers and 11% of the 63 day workers). Among the workers with a normal QTc in 1986, the shift workers had a significantly longer QTc than the day workers when the QTc was examined in 1996. In addition, shift-day work in the group with a normal QTc was significantly related to the QTc in 1996 after control for age, work duration, biochemical indicators, smoking, and drinking habits. However, the blood pressures of the shift and day workers did not differ significantly, and in 1996 the values of both groups were significantly elevated. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that shift work is associated with QTc prolongation. This evidence may explain the increased risk for cardiovascular diseases due to shift work. (+info)
Lymphohaematopoietic malignancy around all industrial complexes that include major oil refineries in Great Britain. (5/136)OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence of lymphohaematopoietic malignancy around industrial complexes that include major oil refineries in Great Britain after recent public and scientific concern of possible carcinogenic hazards of emissions from the petrochemical industry. METHODS: Small area study of the incidence of lymphohaematopoietic malignancies, 1974-91, within 7.5 km of all 11 oil refineries (grouped into seven sites) in Great Britain that were operational by the early 1970s and processed more than two million tonnes of crude oil in 1993. RESULTS: Combined analysis of data from all seven sites showed no significant (p < 0.05) increase in risk of these malignancies within 2 km or 7.5 km. Hodgkin's lymphoma, but no other malignancy, showed evidence (p = 0.02) of a decline in risk with distance from refineries, but there was an apparent deficit of cases of multiple myeloma near the refineries (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: There was no evidence of association between residence near oil refineries and leukaemias, or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. A weak positive association was found between risk of Hodgkin's disease and proximity to major petrochemical industry, and a negative association with multiple myeloma, which may be chance findings within the context of multiple statistical testing. (+info)
Update of a study of crude oil production workers 1946-94. (6/136)OBJECTIVE: To update information on workers in the petroleum industry engaged in the production of crude oil to determine whether the patterns of mortality have changed with 14 additional years of follow up. METHODS: All workers were employed at company production and pipeline locations sometime during 1946-94. The cohort now consists of 24 124 employees with an average of 22 years of follow up. RESULTS: The overall mortality, and most cause specific mortalities were lower than or similar to those for the general United States population. For white men (81% of the cohort), there were 4361 observed deaths and 5945 expected, resulting in a significantly lower standardised mortality ratio (SMR) of 73. There were significant deficits for all the leading causes of death in the United States including all cancers, cancer of the lung, stroke, heart disease, respiratory disease, and accidents. Slightly increased mortality was found for cancer of the prostate, cancer of the brain and central nervous system, and cancer of other lymphatic tissue. For benign and unspecified neoplasms, the SMR was 152 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 95 to 230). There was a significant increase for acute myelogenous leukaemia that was restricted to people who were first employed before 1940 and who were employed in production and pipeline jobs for >30 years. Overall mortality patterns for non-white men and women were similar to those for white men. Mortality patterns for white men were also examined by duration of employment, time first employed, and by job group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the updated study showed a favourable mortality experience for crude oil production workers compared with the United States population. (+info)
Updated mortality among diverse operating segments of a petroleum company. (7/136)OBJECTIVES: To update mortality for 34 560 employees from diverse operating segments of a Canadian petroleum company; and to investigate potential relations with occupational factors. METHODS: Employees from 1964-83 were linked to the Canadian mortality data base to provide 11 years additional follow up. There were 6760 deaths and 750 683 person-years of follow up compared with 3909 and 428 190, respectively, in the earlier study. Analyses used standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) to compare worker cause specific mortality with the Canadian general population. Duration of employment and latency analyses were performed for causes previously found to be increased in this and other petroleum cohorts, as well as any findings of interest. RESULTS: For the period 1964-94, employees experienced significantly low overall mortality (SMR=0.86 men, SMR=0.80 women). Kidney cancer, which has been increased in some studies of petroleum workers, was not increased. Acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia in exposed operating segments was consistent with the expected or only slightly, non-significantly increased. The most notable finding was increased deaths from mesothelioma among refinery and petrochemical workers (SMR 8.68; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 5.51 to 13.03), most of whom were long term employees in jobs with presumed exposure to asbestos (mechanical and pipefitters). Deaths from multiple myeloma among marketing and distribution workers, which were previously increased, remained increased (SMR 2.08; 95% CI 0.95 to 3.95) in the update period 1984-94; however, there was no clear pattern by duration of employment or latency. Aortic aneurysms, which also were previously significantly increased among marketing and distribution workers approached the expected in the update period (SMR 1.18; 95% CI 0. 65-1.98). Analyses by duration of employment showed suggestive trends for aortic aneurysms, but earlier studies of this cohort have not found a relation between aortic aneurysms and exposure to hydrocarbons. CONCLUSION: The additional 2851 deaths and 322 493 person-years of follow up strengthened the assessment of mortality patterns relative to occupational factors. With the exception of mesothelioma, no clear work related increases in disease were identified. (+info)
Proximity to coke works and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular disease in England and Wales. (8/136)BACKGROUND: The incidence of hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in areas close to operating coke works in England and Wales was investigated. METHODS: A small area study using distance from source as a proxy for exposure was undertaken in subjects aged 65 or over and children under 5 years within 7.5 km of four coke works (1991 estimated populations 87 760 and 43 932, respectively). The main outcome measures were emergency hospital admissions in 1992/3-1994/5 with a primary diagnosis of coronary heart disease (ICD 410-414), stroke (ICD 431-438), all respiratory diseases (ICD 460-519), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ICD 491-492), and asthma (ICD 493) in those aged 65 or over, and all respiratory and asthma admissions in children under 5 years of age. RESULTS: At age 65 or over the combined estimate of relative risk with proximity to coke works (per km) ranged from 0.99 (95% CI 0.90 to 1.09) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to 1.03 (95% CI 0.94 to 1.13) for asthma. For children under 5 years the combined estimate of risk was 1.08 (95% CI 0.98 to 1.20) for all respiratory disease and 1.07 (95% CI 0.98 to 1.18) for asthma. There was evidence of significant heterogeneity in risk estimates between coke work groups, especially in children under 5 years (p<0.001 and p=0.004 for respiratory disease and asthma, respectively). For the Teesside coke works in North East England the relative risk with proximity (per km) was 1.09 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.12) for respiratory disease and 1.09 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.15) for asthma. CONCLUSIONS: No evidence overall was found for an association between hospital admissions and living near operational coke works in England and Wales. Trends of a higher risk of hospital admission for respiratory disease and asthma among children with proximity to the Teesside plant require further investigation. (+info)
Retrospective assessment of exposure to carcinogens in Norways offshore petroleum industry
Objectives: The main research objective of the four articles comprising this dissertation was to provide retrospective exposure information for a planned study on cancer in a cohort within Norways offshore petroleum industry. Methods: Background information on possible exposure was obtained through company visits, including interviewing key personnel (n = 83) and collecting monitoring reports (n = 118) and other relevant documents (n = 329). The collected material was used to identify relevant carcinogens. Twenty-seven job categories were defined based on a previous questionnaire administered to present and former offshore employees in 1998. Descriptions of products containing known and suspected carcinogens, exposure sources and processes were extracted from the collected documentation and the interviews of key personnel (Article II). Exposure data on oil mist and oil vapour covered 37 drilling facilities and were analysed by descriptive statistics and by constructing linear mixed-effects ...
Edible oil production plant,Oil refinery line/oil refinery machine Soybean oil refining production line machine
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Handbook of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations [Book]
Handbook of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations is an authoritative source providing extensive up-to-date coverage of the technology used in the exploration, drilling, production, and operations in an offshore setting. … - Selection from Handbook of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations [Book]
Fatal Injuries in Offshore Oil and Gas Operations - United States, 2003-2010
During 2003-2010, the U.S. oil and gas extraction industry (onshore and offshore, combined) had a collective fatality rate seven times higher than for all U.S. workers (27.1 versus 3.8 deaths per 100,000 workers). The 11 lives lost in the 2010 Deepwater Horizon explosion provide a reminder of the hazards involved in offshore drilling. To identify risk factors to offshore oil and gas extraction workers, CDC analyzed data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), a comprehensive database of fatal work injuries, for the period 2003-2010. This report describes the results of that analysis, which found that 128 fatalities in activities related to offshore oil and gas operations occurred during this period. Transportation events were the leading cause (65 [51%]); the majority of these involved aircraft (49 [75%]). Nearly one fourth (31 [24%]) of the fatalities occurred among workers whose occupations were classified as transportation and material moving. ...
Bachelors degree Chemistry for the Offshore Industry Aberdeen School of Natural and Computing Sciences - U. of Aberdeen |...
Industry and Science. Science. Chemistry. Chemistry for the Offshore Industry in Aberdeen City. Chemistry for the Offshore Industry . The Offshore Industry is concerned with all aspects of oil and gas exploration and production, and in the longer term also with the decommissioning of off-shore facilities. The Industry has an enormous economic impact
Yokogawa Provides CENTUM CS 3000, PRM, and Exaquantum Solutions for Chinas Largest Refinery/Petrochemical Complex | Yokogawa...
Yokogawa provides CENTUM CS 3000, Exaquantum and PRM solutions for Chinas largest refinery/petrochemical complex. Process data management by Exaquantum is a key issue in the petrochemical complex.
Health promotion needs of Hammanskraal families with adolescents orphaned by HIV/AIDS
PEU, MD; VAN WYK, NC e BOTHA, ADH. Health promotion needs of Hammanskraal families with adolescents orphaned by HIV/AIDS. Health SA Gesondheid (Online) [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.1, pp.14-28. ISSN 2071-9736.. Health promotion is regarded as the cornerstone of good health. It is the action expected from individuals and families in order to better their own health situation. Health promotion is an art and science (Edelman & Mandle, 2002:16) that is integrated into the primary health care to reduce existing health problems. The purpose of the research on which this article is reporting, was to explore and describe the health promotion needs of families with adolescents orphaned by human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). The research was located within a qualitative paradigm that is both exploratory and descriptive. Eight families who were purposely selected participated in the research process. Qualitative methods, such as group interviews and field notes were ...
Our vision - Threat and Error Management
Our team of experts (airline pilots, instructors, examiners, senior post-holders, medical doctors, psychiatrist, offshore oil engineer, union members) is specialized and active in the sectors of flight operations, simulator training, medicine and offshore oil industry.. All have been specifically trained in the domain of Human Factors. Part of them are also qualified to collect, analyse, validate and store data. Strict confidentiality of this process is guaranteed at all times by thinkTEM™.. They all are or have been working for major airlines, civil aviation authorities, public and private hospitals, governmental as well as non-governmental organisations and oil companies (onshore/offshore).. Each individuals experience ranges from 5 to 30+ years in its field of expertise.. The teams priority is to constantly improve the operational safety margins in aviation, medicine and offshore oil industry. It is dedicated to offering the highest levels of quality, integrity and customer service and to ...
risk management oil industry courses | Emagister
risk management oil industry Courses. risk management oil industry Courses - The best online guide to courses and training risk management oil industry courses, whether distance, online or classroom-based. risk management oil industry .
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Phase and partitioning behavior of phenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in offshore oil and gas produced water -...
Produced water constitutes the largest volume of waste from offshore oil and gas operations and is composed of a wide range of organic and inorganic compounds. Although treatment processes have to meet strict oil in water regulations, the definition of oil is a function of the analysis process and may include aliphatic hydrocarbons which have limited environmental impact due to degradability whilst ignoring problematic dissolved petroleum species. This thesis presents the partitioning behavior of oil in produced water as a function of temperature and salinity to identify compounds of environmental concern. Phenol, p-cresol, and 4-tert-butylphenol were studied because of their xenoestrogenic power; other compounds studied are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon PAHs which include naphthalene, fluorene, phenanthrene, and pyrene. Partitioning experiments were carried out in an Innova incubator for 48 hours, temperature was varied from 4ﾟC to 70ﾟC, and two salinity levels of 46.8‰ and 66.8‰ ...
Hyundai Chemical Expands South Korean Petrochemical Complex
Hyundais Chemical branch plans to add a xylenes production line to its petrochemicals complex in Daesan Republic, South Korea. This expansion would allow the site to make its own feedstock material to boost profitability.
About the job: offshore oil and gas workers - Brunel
Offshore work is performed at offshore oil and gas rigs. But what do offshore workers do? How much do they make and how can you become one yourself?
Ethanol fight fuels renewed heat between corn and oil industries
Posted on 03/20/2013 10:22:12 AM PDT by thackney. A fight between oil giants and corn farmers reached a fever pitch on Wednesday, as the oil industry used a new study to argue that increasing ethanol use in fuel will hurt consumers and the economy. Groups representing ethanol producers fired back, saying the oil industry was trying to undermine government efforts to reduce reliance on oil-based fuels. Because most U.S. ethanol is made with corn, producers are allied with corn farmers, who enjoy an expanded market and higher prices for their crops because of ethanol demand. The oil industry study, commissioned by the American Petroleum Institute and produced by NERA Economic Consulting, said government mandates that require energy companies to buy more ethanol have driven up refining costs and created a death spiral impact. The Renewable Fuel Standard program is irretrievably broken, said Bob Greco, director of the API s downstream group, speaking on a conference call with reporters. He called on ...
New release: Seismic Survey Market will generate new growth opportunities in upcoming year
A seismic survey is a geophysical survey that measures the earths properties by means of physical principles including magnetic, gravitational, electric, thermal and elastic theories. The seismic survey works on elasticity theory therefore it deduces the elastic properties of the materials. This survey helps to investigate the Earths subterranean structure for oil and gas exploration. The survey follows the principles of reflective seismology to interpret the seismic data. The Seismic survey applies various types of technologies including 2D, 3D, and 4D imaging technologies to locate the place in the earth to identify the properties of the material inside the earth. The increasing prices of oil and gas encouraged oil and gas companies to identify the new reservoirs, therefore these companies are increasing their investment in a seismic survey. However, the unexpected downturn in oil prices may cause less exploration and production activity may reduce the demand for seismic survey.
collaboration critical to technology development n Offshore industry will need to communicate within the industry and - PDF
2015.otcnet.org Tuesday, May 5 Houston, Texas SM THE OFFICIAL 2015 OFFSHORE TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE NEWSPAPER DAY 2 collaboration critical to technology development n Offshore industry will need to communicate
Belgian Offshore Cluster - BOC VZW | Working together on a strong Offshore Industry in Belgium
Belgian companies working in the offshore industry are worldwide leaders and have the knowledge and technology to grow. There is a lot of potential to grow both locally and internationally. ...
Brazil may delay offshore oil drilling - UPI.com
Production at Brazils newly discovered offshore oil fields may be delayed by the lack of legislation to oversee the finds, according to energy officials.
New York State Bans Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling | NRDC
Today Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law a bill banning exploration, development, and production of offshore oil and gas in New York State waters - and prohibiting others that drill in federal waters just offshore New England and the tri-state...
Trump offshore oil drilling plan draws protest in California | Reuters
Environmental activists in California on Thursday protested a Trump Administration proposal to vastly increase offshore oil drilling in the United States.
Hundreds protest Trumps offshore oil drilling plan in California
REUTERS SACRAMENTO Hundreds of environmental activists in California protested a Trump Administration proposal to vastly increase offshore oil drilling i...
Offshore Oil Drilling - Geography Videos for Kids
In this video learn about offshore oil drilling. Find out how oil is collected from the ground. The video also discusses oil polluting the ocean.
Processes | Free Full-Text | Techno-Economic Assessment of Benzene Production from Shale Gas
The availability and low cost of shale gas has boosted its use as fuel and as a raw material to produce value-added compounds. Benzene is one of the chemicals that can be obtained from methane, and represents one of the most important compounds in the petrochemical industry. It can be synthesized via direct methane aromatization (DMA) or via indirect aromatization (using oxidative coupling of methane). DMA is a direct-conversion process, while indirect aromatization involves several stages. In this work, an economic, energy-saving, and environmental assessment for the production of benzene from shale gas using DMA as a reaction path is presented. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to observe the effect of the operating conditions on the profitability of the process. The results show that production of benzene using shale gas as feedstock can be accomplished with a high return on investment.
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Shell-CNOOC JV Receives Government Approvals To Take Over New Petrochemical Complex In China | Shell Global
Beijing, China, November 2, 2016 -- Shell Nanhai B.V. (Shell) and China National Offshore Oil Corporations (CNOOC) 50:50 joint venture has officially assumed ownership of CNOOCs ongoing project to build an ethylene cracker and several derivatives units, after receiving all the necessary government approvals.
Shell and CNOOC to expand petrochemical complex in China | Shell Global
Guangzhou, 15th Dec-15 Shell Nanhai B.V. & China National Offshore Oil Corporation signed Heads of Agreement to expand their existing 50:50 joint venture.
As Oil Industry Fights a Tax, It Reaps Subsidies |...
Proposals afloat in Congress would raise taxes on the oil industry to help pay for spill cleanup. The industry objects, claiming the burden would harm not only companies, but the country. But the oil industry already gets tens or hundreds of billions in tax breaks and outright subsidies from the federal government.
CHEC Marcellus Shale Gas Extraction Documentary with Roseann Baker on 6/16/2010 Part 3 - YouTube
Roseann Baker talks about the impacts of Marcellus Shale gas drilling in her community. To see the rest of this interview, please click the links below: Part...
Managing health risks in the offshore workplace: Impact on health climate, safety climate and risk identification on...
Article Managing health risks in the offshore workplace: Impact on health climate, safety climate and risk identification. The study, conducted in the offshore oil industry (N=1374), sought to examine how the management of health risks in the workpla...
Laboratory Services | SUPPORT ACTIVITIES FOR OIL AND GAS OPERATIONS | Firm Foundation Member of the Hobbs Chamber | TESTING...
Laboratory Services | SUPPORT ACTIVITIES FOR OIL AND GAS OPERATIONS | Firm Foundation Member of the Hobbs Chamber | TESTING LABORATORIES
Brazil oil workers begin strike in new blow to government - Metro US
By Marta Nogueira and Brad Brooks. RIO DE JANEIRO/SAO PAULO (Reuters) - Brazilian oil workers began a 72-hour strike on Wednesday in a new blow to President Michel Temer following a nationwide trucker protest that has strangled Latin Americas largest economy for over a week. The strike affecting several rigs, refineries, plants and ports is the latest challenge for state-led oil firm Petroleo Brasileiro SA, whose shares have tumbled nearly 30 percent in two weeks over fears that political interference would unwind more investor-focused policies. Late on Tuesday, Reuters reported that Temer was considering an overhaul of a market-based fuel pricing policy at Petrobras, which could provoke even more investor flight. Temers office said in a Wednesday morning statement that he would preserve the policy. The oil sector strike included workers on at least 20 oil rigs in the lucrative Campos basin of 46 operated by Petrobras, as the company is known, according to FUP, Brazils largest oil workers ...
Elgar Online: The online content platform for Edward Elgar Publishing
The contingency planning arrangements for offshore oil and gas accidents in the European Union constitute probably the archetypal case-book study. In addition to the traditional offshore fields around Norway and the United Kingdom, more and more offshore installations are now situated in the Mediterranean waters. The transboundary impact of an accident in one of the most heavily used coastal areas on the planet, where other uses and users of the sea aggravate geographic proximity, underlines the severity of the risk. Directive 2013/30/EU on safety of offshore oil and gas operation is the EU response to such concerns, upon a comprehensive review of the existing international, European and domestic regulatory framework, involving both the competent national authorities and the industry. This chapter presents and critically reviews the international context, the specific content and the expected impact of the resulting legislative exercise - which remains uncontested by the ravages of real life. ...
Generous tax breaks for shale gas industry outlined - BBC...
The government outlines plans to give tax breaks to companies involved in the UKs shale gas industry, but faces criticism from environmentalists.
The offshore oil and gas industry owes much to marine technology. And for us, no other event brings this home like Nor-Shipping. Weve tried, in some ways, to make this issue a virtual visit to the event. So, from offshore financing to offshore power generation to piracy, as well as computer modelling and recommended practices, weve attempted to provide you with the maritime perspective ...
Brazils Offshore Oil: Abundant, and Expensive - Corporate Intelligence - WSJ
Brazil has been home to some of the largest oil discoveries in recent decades, but getting that crude out of the ground has proven to be an expensive challenge for the oil industry.
A picture of health: a study of the health status and health promotion needs of homeless people in the west. - Drugs and...
Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and consequences.
Hugo Chavez Petrochemical Complex. | Grupo...
Installation of 675 m. (477m. offshore) of Ø 3.0 m pipeline for seawater intake.. Installation of 230 m. (108m. offshore) of Ø 2.2 m pipeline for seawater discharge.. Installation of 100 t. intake head. Construction of 240 m of temporary steel dock to perform works. in the surf zone, driving of steel piles (Ø 20" and Ø 24"), construction and installation of steel. platforms and installation of steel sheet piling. ...
Countries Compared by Energy | Oil | Production | Thousand barrels daily. International Statistics at NationMaster.com
Countries Compared by Energy > Oil > Production > Thousand barrels daily. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2005. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Energy/Oil/Production/Thousand-barrels-daily. Countries Compared by Energy > Oil > Production > Thousand barrels daily. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2005. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. 2004. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Energy/Oil/Production/Thousand-barrels-daily,.. Countries Compared by Energy > Oil > Production > Thousand barrels daily. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2005. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster., ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Energy/Oil/Production/Thousand-barrels-daily, [assessed 2004]. Countries Compared by Energy > Oil > Production > Thousand barrels daily. ...
Plava ekonomija kao model za kreiranje održivoga sustava | Repository of Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management
The goal of the blue economy model is to shift society from scarcity to abundance. Based on what you have and in new ways to start solving problems that further cause problems in the environment. The concept of the blue economy has been increasingly mentioned recently but the clarity of definitions and implementation steps remains unclear. The blue economy has various components, including established sectors that include fisheries, aquaculture, coastal tourism, port activities, shipbuilding, maritime transport, and offshore oil and gas exploitation. Traditional shipbuilding and offshore oil and gas industries are declining, while offshore wind farms can now be considered an established sector. Other promising sectors include ocean energy and blue biotechnology, while the removal of salt water is becoming increasingly important due to the growing shortage of fresh water in dry regions. The idea of a blue economy has recognized the seas and oceans as major drivers of economic development with ...
Microfluidics Probe Cholesterol of the Oil Industry | CytoFluidix
Asphaltene is a complex of hydrocarbon molecules found in crude oil. It is the source of valuable asphalt and can also be made into waterproofing and roofing materials, corrosion inhibitors and other products, but when it builds up in a pipeline, its trouble. Asphaltenes are often called the cholesterol of the oil industry since they are known to coagulate and slow or even stop the flow of oil and gas in reservoir rock.. Rice engineer Sibani Lisa Biswal and her colleagues used their unique microfluidic devices, instruments that use a small amount of fluid on a microchip to perform a test, to examine four commercial chemical dispersants that curtail the buildup of asphaltene in wells and pipelines. The devices allowed them to watch how the dispersants react with asphaltenes.. The Rice-led study appears in the American Chemical Society journal Energy and Fuels.. Ensuring flow through pipelines is paramount in oil and gas production, so advances that help keep lines clear are important to the ...
Nigeria tries to promote Nigerians participation in its oil industry
Nigeria is particularly keen to promote the participation of Nigerians in the countrys oil industry, whether as skilled workers employed by foreign firms, or via domestic companies competing against the majors in their own right. Such companies have the potential to gain experience within the country that can then be put to use on projects in other parts of the world.
Organization - Rada Oil Industry
Rada Oil Industry employs highly experienced, skillful and specialized personnel, executives and external collaborators that ensure the implementation and management of each work and service, in the most effective and environmentally friendly way.. Our personnel is educated in practical and theoretical level, as well as it participates systematically in training seminars and programs. In this way, the quality and effectiveness of our provided services are continually improved and updated, in the framework of a modern know-how application.. The organizational structure of the Set of Companies is implemented and based on the excellent operation and collaboration of its scientific, technical, administrative and auxiliary personnel.. ...
Correction: Mexicos oil industry | The Americas | The Economist
In a chart accompanying our story on Mexicos oil industry (Running just to stand still, December 22nd), we mistakenly measured oil reserves in trillions, instead of billions, of barrels. Sorry. This error has been corrected online.. This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline Correction: Mexicos oil industry ...
Oil industry funding supports campaign to roll back fuel-economy rules
A new investigative report by the New York Times has revealed the puppeteer pulling the strings in the Trump administrations efforts to undo fuel-economy and emissions improvements: no surprise, the oil industry. Backed by Americas largest refiners and organizations tied to or funded by the Koch brothers, an underground network coordinated a lobbying...
Garments Package | Organiz Biotech specialize in Chemicals involved in the Textile, Water Treatment and Oil Industry
Organz Biotech, was named to signify a blend of organic chemistry and state‐of‐the‐art bio technology, with an aim to specialize in chemicals involved in the textile, water treatment and oil industry. ...
Oil Industry in Nigeria Market Research & Statistics
Download all the latest market reports you need on the Oil Industry in Nigeria. Click here to instantly access all the reports, in one place.
Moodys: Global oil industry to focus on disciplined investment, M&A for growth in 2018 | Business Standard News
Read more about Moodys: Global oil industry to focus on disciplined investment, M&A for growth in 2018 on Business Standard. Political unrest in the Middle East, alongside assumptions of OPEC extending its agreement to cut production, helped to bolster oil prices in late 2017, observed Terry Marshall, a Moodys Senior Vice President. Yet even with these factors
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An Investigation of Regional Variations of Barnett Shale Reservoir Properties, and Resulting Variability of Hydrocarbon...
In 2007, the Barnett Shale in the Fort Worth basin of Texas produced 1.1 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) gas and ranked second in U.S gas production. Despite its importance, controls on Barnett Shale gas well performance are poorly understood. Regional and vertical variations of reservoir properties and their effects on well performances have not been assessed. Therefore, we conducted a study of Barnett Shale stratigraphy, petrophysics, and production, and we integrated these results to clarify the controls on well performance. Barnett Shale ranges from 50 to 1,100 ft thick; we divided the formation into 4 reservoir units that are significant to engineering decisions. All but Reservoir Unit 1 (the lower reservoir unit) are commonly perforated in gas wells. Reservoir Unit 1 appears to be clay-rich shale and ranges from 10 to 80 ft thick. Reservoir Unit 2 is laminated, siliceous mudstone and marly carbonate zone, 20 to 300 ft thick. Reservoir Unit 3 is composed of multiple, stacked, thin (~15-30 ft ...
Corn Oil Industry Analysis and 2022 Market Outlook | Food and Farming
Few points from the table of content. Chapter One Introduction of Corn Oil Industry. 1.1 Brief Introduction of Corn Oil. 1.2 Development of Corn Oil Industry. 1.3 Status of Corn Oil Industry. Chapter Two Manufacturing Technology of Corn Oil. 2.1 Development of Corn Oil Manufacturing Technology. 2.2 Analysis of Corn Oil Manufacturing Technology. 2.3 Trends of Corn Oil Manufacturing Technology. Chapter Three Analysis of Global Key Manufacturers (Including Company Profile, Product Specification, 2012-2017 Production Information etc.) Chapter Four 2012-2017 Global and China Market of Corn Oil. 4.1 2012-2017 Global and China Capacity, Production and Production Value of Corn Oil Industry. 4.2 2012-2017 Global and China Cost and Profit of Corn Oil Industry. 4.3 Market Comparasion of Global and China Corn Oil Industry. 4.4 2012-2017 Global and China Supply and Consumption of Corn Oil. 4.5 2012-2017 China Import and Export of Corn Oil. Chapter Five Market Status of Corn Oil Industry. 5.1 Market ...
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CNOPB - Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board | AcronymFinder
How is Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board abbreviated? CNOPB stands for Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board. CNOPB is defined as Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board somewhat frequently.
Royalty-Free Petroleum Industry Stock Photos & Photography | Page 1
Image gallery featuring hi-resolution, print quality royalty-free Petroleum Industry photos. Page 1 of our royalty-free Petroleum Industry stock photos, Petroleum Industry photography, and Petroleum Industry photographs.
Mexico Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends...
GlobalDatas report, Mexico Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and Capacity Forecasts provides an in-depth coverage of Mexico petrochemicals industry. The report covers Mexico petrochemical complexes details and presents installed capacity by key feedstock, process and technology. In addition, it presents petrochemicals demand and production forecasts, end use market share, price trends, trade balance data and company shares of the major petrochemicals producers in Mexico.
Instrumentation in petrochemical industries - Wikipedia
Instrumentation in petrochemical industries basically consists of flow meters, pressure transmitters, level sensors, temperature sensors, and analysis instruments. The measurement of temperature is a vital part of instrumentation in petrochemical industries. Platinum Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs) are often used for their excellent temperature response. Thermocouples are used in locations that need a more durable sensor. Thermocouples come in many types. A pressure to current converter (P/I converter) in petrochemical industries is used to measure the pressure developed by liquified petroleum gas (LPG), crude oil, petrol, and various other petroleum byproducts. In the P/I converter, the indicated pressure can be a digital or an analog form. The main advantage is that it can be directly shown on the control panel in the control room. This is true for temperature measurement also. Because refined oil is volatile, it is important to know the quantity of oil being transported at numerous ...
Code of Practice - Fatigue Management in the Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore Petroleum Industry - Canadian...
This Code of Practice, summarizes the requirements for defining and managing Fatigue and the roles and responsibilities of Operators, Employers, Supervisors and Employees. This Code of Practice also summarizes the applicable regulatory requirements and provides information on the process for requesting an exemption to the day of rest provision section 22 (1) of the Newfoundland and Labrador Labour Standards Act. This Code of Practice does not apply to Workplace parties administered under a collective agreement. That said, it is the acknowledged intention of Operators subject to such collective agreements incorporate the principles of this Code of Practice into their Workplace ...
Offshore Oil Public Forum Scheduled for San Pedro | Ambergris Today | Breaking News, Lates News in Ambergris Caye, Belize
The business community and all concerned citizens are invited to convene at Central Park on Saturday, January 21, where an Offshore Oil Public Forum will take place. The forum will deliver more educational information on Multibeam and Seismic Surveys as well as on Offshore Oil Exploration.
Petroleum Industry Management
Petroleum Industry Management via distance learning: The petroleum industry is organized into four broad sectors: exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas; transport; refining; and marketing and distribution. This program strikes... Petroleum Industry Management Online via distance learning.
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Petroleum industry facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Petroleum industry
Get information, facts, and pictures about Petroleum industry at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Petroleum industry easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Global Shale Gas Processing Equipments Market 2017- LP, Exterran, Pall Corporation - The Exclusive Facts 24
The Shale Gas Processing Equipments report provides the detailed SWOT analysis, feasibility study regarding emerging market segments, and scope of investment in the global market.. Apply For Sample Copy Of The Report Here : http://apexmarketreports.com/Heavy-Industry/Global-Shale-Gas-Processing-Equipments-Market-Research-Report-2017#sample. Global Shale Gas Processing Equipments market report comprises of six major segments, the first section provides basic Shale Gas Processing Equipments product information,; the second section provides information pertaining to Asias Shale Gas Processing Equipments industry; the third section focuses North America Shale Gas Processing Equipments market, in fourth section information about European Shale Gas Processing Equipments industry is shared; Shale Gas Processing Equipments market entry and feasibility of investment study is covered under fifth section; in sixth section provides major research findings and conclusion for Shale Gas Processing Equipments ...
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Evolution of Barnett Shale organic carbon structure and nanostructure with increasing maturation. - Archive ouverte HAL
The organic nanopore network of shales is believed to be the location of hydrocarbon trapping in source rocks. Better understanding of organic carbon structure and nanostructure constitutes a key point for estimating the oil and gas in-place at the local and basinal scale. Here we characterize, a maturation series from Mississippian Barnett Shale at multiple scales down to the nanometer scale. Organic petrography, Rock-Eval pyrolysis and Raman microspectroscopy are used to determine the organic matter properties (e.g. maturity, type, TOC content). Organic pore network attributes (e.g. pore size distribution, surface area, polyaromatic layers characteristics) are estimated using low-pressure gas adsorption analyses and direct imaging by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Based on Raman data we show that Barnett Shale organic matter has only reached the level of carbonization, even within overmature samples; graphitization has not yet been triggered. Interestingly, the investigated
Vegetable oil refinery machine for peanut,Vegetable oil refinery equipment for peanut,Vegetable oil refinery plant for peanut
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New Research Finds Higher Methane Emissions, Reduction Opportunities in Barnett Shale Region
Methane emissions from vast oil and gas operations in the densely populated Barnett Shale region of Texas are 50 percent higher than estimates based on the Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) greenhouse gas inventory, according to a series of 11 new papers published today in Environmental Science & Technology.. The majority of these emissions are from a small but widespread number of sources across the regions oil and gas supply chain. These emissions come from the sort of leaks and equipment malfunctions that are relatively easy to prevent with proper and frequent monitoring and repair practices.. The sprawling Barnett region, fanning out westward from the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, contains about 30,000 oil and gas wells, 275 compressor stations, and 40 processing plants. It is one of the countrys largest production areas, responsible for 7 percent of total U.S. natural gas output.. Unpredictable, Widespread Sources Dominate. A finding from the research shows that at any given ...
Petroleum Industry Bill
Thisdayonline reports that the House of Representatives seeks to pursue another strategy in the passage of petroleum industry reforms. The Chairman of the House Committee, Petroleum Upstream, Hon. Victor Nwokolo (Delta-PDP) indicated in a press conference yesterday that the House bill will include the Petroleum Host Community Fund as well as Fiscal reform matters. This runs against the reports that the PIGB passed by the Senate would be given accelerated hearing by the House.. Given the legislative and political timetables, this recent development will pose a challenge to the adoption of the PIGB or indeed any part of the petroleum industry reforms into law in the near future. It is our opinion that the two houses of the National Assembly should work together in the national interest to avoid further delays to much-needed reforms.. ...
Dose assessment for management alternatives for NORM-contaminated equipment within the petroleum industry - Digital Library
The contamination of drilling and production equipment by naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) is a growing concern for the petroleum industry and regulators. Large volumes of NORM-contaminated scrap metal are generated by the industry each year. The contamination generally occurs as surface contamination on the interior of water-handling equipment. The source of this contamination is accumulation of by-product wastes, in the form of scale and sludge contaminated with NORM that are generated by extraction processes. The primary radionuclides of concern in petroleum industry NORM-wastes are radium-226 (Ra-226), and radium-228 (Ra-228). These isotopes are members of the uranium-238 and thorium-232 decay series, respectively. The uranium and thorium isotopes, which are naturally present in the subsurface formations from which hydrocarbons are extracted, are largely immobile and remain in the subsurface. The more soluble radium can become mobilized in the formation water and be transported to the
Specialist - Expert Diploma Petroleum Industry Management
This Specialist - Expert Diploma strikes a balance between the technical, environmental, economic, and social aspects of managing the different sectors in the petroleum industry. It provides a road map for managing any type of project related... Specialist - Expert Diploma Petroleum Industry Management.
Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Act 2006 - Department of Agriculture
The National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority (NOPSEMA) is now the sole assessor for off shore petroleum and greenhouse gas activities in Commonwealth waters.
Temporary levy on offshore petroleum production
In the 2021-22 Federal Budget the Government announced the introduction of a temporary levy on offshore petroleum production to recoup the decommissioning and remediation costs. This is designed to ensure that industry bears the costs and not taxpayers. The levy will apply as of 1 July 2021
Beihai Offshore Petroleum Building, Beihai
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Hot Sale of pepper seed oil production line machinery factory
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Aircraft-Based Measurements of Point Source Methane Emissions in the Barnett Shale Basin
We report measurements of methane (CH4) emission rates observed at eight different high-emitting point sources in the Barnett Shale, Texas, using aircraft-based methods performed as part of the Barnett Coordinated Campaign. We quantified CH4 emission rates from four gas processing plants, one compre …
Morphology, Genesis, and Distribution of Nanometer-Scale Pores in Siliceous Mudstones of the Mississippian Barnett Shale |...
Research on mudrock attributes has increased dramatically since shale-gas systems have become commercial hydrocarbon production targets. One of the most significant research questions now being asked focuses on the nature of the pore system in these mudrocks. Our work on siliceous mudstones from the Mississippian Barnett Shale of the Fort Worth Basin, Texas, shows that the pores in these rocks are dominantly nanometer in scale (nanopores). We used scanning electron microscopy to characterize Barnett pores from a number of cores and have imaged pores as small as 5 nm. Key to our success in imaging these nanopores is the use of Ar-ion-beam milling; this methodology provides flat surfaces that lack topography related to differential hardness and are fundamental for high-magnification imaging.. Nanopores are observed in three main modes of occurrence. Most pores are found in grains of organic matter as intraparticle pores; many of these grains contain hundreds of pores. Intraparticle organic ...
Petrochemicals Market Growth - 2018
Growing consumption from major end use industries including construction, packaging, transportation, textile, plastics, healthcare and so on coupled with favorable operating conditions mainly in the Middle East and Asia Pacific is expected to drive the global market for petrochemicals over the next five years. Government initiatives in India and China to set up petrochemical complexes in the region are also expected to fuel the market growth. The rapid exploration and development of unconventional gases such as shale gas is also expected to provide feedstock advantage to petrochemical producers. However, volatile raw material prices and growing environmental concerns regarding the production and usage of various petrochemicals are expected to be a key challenge for market participants. Regulatory intervention has resulted in the industry shifting focus towards developing bio-based alternatives for petrochemicals ...
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Marcellus Shale Coalition - SourceWatch
The Coalition acknowledges that, when explaining how the hydrofracking process works,(e)xtracting natural gas from horizontal Marcellus Shale wells requires the use of more water than traditional shallow vertical wells.. Indeed, though, as shown on the Marcellus Shale page, it takes far more than just a little more water. The reality is that hydrofracking involves a fluid being injected into the rock which then releases the gas along with radioactive toxins and other hazardous substances in the shale--has raised serious environmental and health concerns. To force natural gas out of shale, millions of gallons of fresh, drinkable water are forced through a pipe drilled into the shale at extremely high pressure. A variety of chemicals are added to the water to keep the fractures in the shale open and keep the gas flowing to the surface. Although no complete list of the cocktail of chemicals used in this process exists, information obtained from environmental clean-up sites demonstrates that ...
2011 U.S. Petroleum Refineries Industry-Jobs & Wages Report
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Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Articles on Environmental XPRT
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Nigeria lost $50 billion worth of investments in 10 years - Buhari - 9jacable
President Muhammadu Buhari has disclosed that Nigeria lost an estimated $50 billion worth of investments in 10 years, due to the uncertainty of non-passage of the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), lack of progress and stagnation in the petroleum industry.. He said this in his remarks at a ceremony on the passage of the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA), which preceded the Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting.. According to the president, the stagnation affected the growth of the economy and the lack of political will on the part of past administrations to actualise the needed transformation, also contributed to the loss of that sum of money.. According to a statement by Special Adviser on Media and Publicity, Femi Adesina, Buhari said assent of the Petroleum Industry Bill on August 16, 2021, marks the end of decades of uncertainty and under-investment in the petroleum industry.. We are all aware that past Administrations have identified the need to further align the industry for global ...
Petroleum Refineries: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) - 40 CFR 60 Subparts J & Ja | US EPA
learn about the NSPS regulations for petroleum refineries by reading the rule summary, rule history, background information documents, fact sheets, and compliance information.
GM needs 1,479 yrs to = 10 yrs of NOX from Barnett Shale Diesel Drilling Rigs | Arlington TX Barnett Shale Blogger
The TCEQ emissions inventory Phase 1 and 2 did not include preproduction emissions such as drilling, fracking and flowback....go figure. Arlingtons major gas producer, Chesapeake, presented a NOMAC (contracted driller) presentation at the 2012 AADE Technical Symposium on how much money and emissions they could save using electricity during the drilling phase. FINALLY I can verify…
Microseismicity of Non-linear Fluid-rock Interactions - From Geothermic Stimulations to Fracturing of Barnett Shales | Earthdoc
Borehole stimulations by fluid injections are common for developments of hydrocarbon and geothermic reservoirs. Often they induce numerous microearthquakes. Spatio-temporal dynamics of such induced microseismic clouds can be used to characterise reservoirs. However, a fluid-induced seismicity can be caused by a wide range of processes. We propose an approach to describing a broad range of non-linear fluid-rock interactions. We show that a linear pore pressure relaxation and a hydraulic fracturing are two asymptotic end members of a set of non-linear diffusional phenomena responsible for seismicity triggering. Microseismicity of Barnett Shales shows signatures of a non-linear diffusional triggering with an extremely strong hydraulic permeability enhancement in a 3-D domain of the reservoir. This indicates a process of a volumetric hydraulic fracturing via reopening of compliant preexisting fractures.
refinery feedstock, petrochemical industry | Oil Refinery Process,Petroleum Refining,petrochemical Companies
No-one but the USGS provides publicly out there estimates of undiscovered refinery feedstock technically recoverable oil and gas assets.. The Pittsburgh Publish Gazette reported the find as now the very best producing onshore oil field found in the past fifty six years.. The potential of this discover might mean United States oil reserves far out-scoring the numbers discovered within the Middle East.. Oil exploration on United States landhas for many years now been given up for dead as the foremost gamers in oil exploration went in search elsewhere.. Actually in 1985 20 p.c of Americas oil came from overseas, whereas almost 25 years later that quantity has soared to virtually 60 percent.. Advances in expertise mean this commodity might be extracted and hugely bolster United States oil reserves so their dependency on different assets would be eliminated, whilst additionally decreasing gas costs.. Effectively so one would think, and in spite of the discover and the aptitude to extract such an ...
Market research analysis industry Indian Sesame Oil Industry Outlook 2022 latest reports company India
The country is facing a paradigm shift in the consumption of sesame oil because of its increasing use in different cuisines, ayurveda, various massage oils, etc. Sesame Oil is one of the oldest edible oils in the world. It is extracted from the seeds of one of the oldest cultivated plant, namely sesame. The sesame oil is very popular amongst the Southern regions in India, along with countries in Asia, USA, etc. Therefore, the Sesame oil industry in India is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5% during the forecasted period of 2017-2022.. The report Indian Sesame Oil Industry Outlook 2022 provides the current scenario and future estimates of the industry. It provides an overview of the global situation of the industry highlighting the market statistics. The report also highlights key industry trends, and drivers responsible for industrys growth.. Moreover, it provides the key analysis and market estimation of various industry segments in terms of production and consumption, which are further ...
Petrochemical Industry Analysis, Market Research & Statistics
Understand the Petrochemical Industry Quickly & Get Actionable Data Easily. The Latest Reports with Statistics & Trends from Top Industry Sources
Pressure transmitter for the petrochemical industry - All industrial manufacturers - Videos
Find your pressure transmitter for the petrochemical industry easily amongst the 40 products from the leading brands (WIKA, Barksdale, FUJI, ...) on DirectIndustry, the industry specialist for your professional purchases.
New Chemical and Oil Industry News Service
New Chemical and Oil Industry News Service. Information provider ICIS announced the launch of its breaking news service for the chemical and oil industry, ICISnews (http:// www.icis.com/news). It is updated 24 hours a day by a global team of reporters based in London, Houston, Singapore, Shanghai, Moscow, Buenos Aires, Washington, and New York. In addition to breaking news, ICISnews features an extensive archive, expert commentary and analysis in Insight, comprehensive Company and Chemical Intelligence, and the Recent News section. ICISnews replaces the CNIservice (Chemical News and Intelligence). For a free trial of ICISnews, register at the site.. ICIS is part of Reed Business Information (RBI), a division of Reed Business (http://www.reedbusiness.co.uk) and a member of Reed Elsevier plc. RBI publishes more than 100 publications, directories, and online services and organizes many industry conferences and awards.Source: ICIS ...
Chemical, Pharmaceutical & Petrochemical Industries
The high-performance stainless steels are a family of stainless steels which have distinctly superior corrosion resistance in a wide variety of aggressive environments and are more technically demanding than Types 304 and 316 with regard to metallurgy and fabrication requirements. This is due to the nature of the steels themselves and the demanding applications in which they are used. A thorough understanding of these stainless steels is necessary to use them successfully. This publication provides assistance in making the optimum material selection for a given application, and provides guidance in the fabrication and use of the selected grade.. Other publications related to the Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Petrochemical Industries. ...
Chemical, Pharmaceutical & Petrochemical Industries
The high-performance stainless steels are a family of stainless steels which have distinctly superior corrosion resistance in a wide variety of aggressive environments and are more technically demanding than Types 304 and 316 with regard to metallurgy and fabrication requirements. This is due to the nature of the steels themselves and the demanding applications in which they are used. A thorough understanding of these stainless steels is necessary to use them successfully. This publication provides assistance in making the optimum material selection for a given application, and provides guidance in the fabrication and use of the selected grade.. Other publications related to the Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Petrochemical Industries. ...
Download Handbook Of Electrical Engineering For Practitioners In The Oil Gas And Petrochemical Industry
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Thermal Insulation Handbook for the Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Industries - 1st Edition
Purchase Thermal Insulation Handbook for the Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Industries - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780128000106, 9780128007853
Chemical Pumps For The Petrochemical Industry | Edwards
Edwards is a world leader in designing chemical pumps and pumping systems used in the Petrochemical industry for safe pumping of hazardous inflammable material.
API | Natural Gas, Oil Industry Launch Environmental Partnership to Accelerate Reductions in Methane, VOCs
WASHINGTON, December 5, 2017 - Americas natural gas and oil industry today announced a landmark partnership to accelerate improvements to environmental performance in operations across the country. Focused initially on reducing methane and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions, the Environmental Partnership includes 26 natural gas and oil producers, who produce a significant portion of American energy resources. Participating companies will begin implementing the voluntary program starting January 1, 2018.
United States High-Performance Polymers for Oil Industry 2016 Market Research Report : ReportsnReports
[139 Pages Report] Check for Discount on United States High-Performance Polymers for Oil Industry 2016 Market Research Report report by QYResearch Group. The United States High-Performance Polymers for Oil Industry 2016...
Foley Downtown Historic District
Historic function: Domestic; Commerce/trade; Government; Social; Religion; Industry/processing/extraction; Health Care Historic ...
Historic function: Domestic; Industry/processing/extraction; Agriculture/subsistence Historic subfunction: Processing; Single ...
Shawmut Historic District
Industry/processing/extraction; Government; Education Historic subfunction: Single Dwelling; Specialty Store; Professional; ...
Downtown Athens Historic District
... industry/processing/extraction; health care Historic subfunction: single dwelling; business; city hall; religious structure; ...
La Cueva Historic District
Historic function: Domestic; Religion; Industry/processing/extraction; Commerce/trade Historic subfunction: Religious Structure ...
"Extraction of minerals" - 6.7%; "Processing industries" - 5.5%. The average monthly salary (for large and medium-sized ... The dairy, meat processing, timber, and building materials industries (mainly for the production of reinforced concrete ... Surgut's economy is tied to oil production (the city is known as "The Oil Capital of Russia") and natural gas processing. The ... In addition, Surgut is home to many factories: gas processing, condensate stabilization, and motor fuel production. ...
Economy of Ganja
... electronics industry and home appliances. The industry of Ganja is composed of extraction and processing industries. There are ... The food industry depends on processing of agricultural products such as production of wine, cognac, meat-dairy products, ... The following table shows the total contributions of industry over years. The light industry of Ganja comprises cotton cloth, ... Industry, tourism, agriculture, and transportation are the major branches of its economy. Most of the total volume of ...
1915 Picnic Train Attack and White Rocks Reserve
Trade unions quickly formed around the mine and extraction processing industries. The Trades Hall, built between 1891 and 1905 ... BHP (Broken Hill Proprietary Ltd.), formed in 1885, faced technical and logistical challenges in mining and processing the ore ... The property is owned by NSW Department of Industry - Lands (State Government) and Silverlea Services (Community Group). It was ...
Barren Fork Coal Camp and Mine Archeological District
The historic function was as a processing site, for industry/processing/extraction. It was listed for its information potential ...
It is sometimes called the Deville-Pechiney process. It is based on the extraction of alumina with sodium carbonate. The first ... Industrial processes, Aluminium industry). ... The Deville process was the first industrial process used to ... Bayer process History of aluminium Orbite process G.A. Baudart (January 1955). "Histoire française de l'alumine". Revue de ... The process was used in France at Salindres until 1923 and in Germany and Great Britain until the outbreak of the Second World ...
Food processing (esp. pork products) is the largest industry. The extraction of peat (5.5 million tonnes of reserves) is also ...
The slate industry is the industry related to the extraction and processing of slate. Slate is either quarried from a slate ... The slate industry in the United States has existed in several locations in the country including areas in the western states, ... Many of these are no longer worked owing to lower costs of extraction in the larger British workings. The quarrying of slate in ... The most significant non-Welsh British slate industry is that of Cornwall and Devon where the Delabole Quarry is thought to be ...
Fregenal de la Sierra
Today major industries include cork extraction and the processing of pork from Iberian pigs. Tourism is also increasing in ...
Early industry was based on the extraction and processing of minerals and agricultural products. Current agricultural products ... Other industries include food processing, transportation equipment, machinery, chemical products, the extraction of metals such ... Between the 1880s and 1930s, Denver's floriculture industry developed into a major industry in Colorado. This period became ... A process of extirpation by trapping and poisoning of the gray wolf (Canis lupus) from Colorado in the 1930s saw the last wild ...
It specialized in extracting processes for mining industry, especially alumina extraction. Its main asset is the Orbite process ... The Orbite process is divided in four steps: aluminum ore preparation, leaching, extraction of alumina, extraction of iron and ... The process uses hydrochloric acid that is entirely recovered by the end of the process. It works well with low quality bauxite ... The Orbite process is an industrial means to refine aluminum ores (such as bauxite) to produce alumina (aluminum oxide) ...
These are commonly used in industry for the processing of metals such as the lanthanides; because the separation factors ... In the multistage processes, the aqueous raffinate from one extraction unit is fed to the next unit as the aqueous feed, while ... This process is done by injecting small amounts of an appropriate extraction solvent (C2Cl4) and a disperser solvent (acetone) ... Processes include DLLME and direct organic extraction. After equilibration, the extract phase containing the desired solute is ...
São Bartolomeu dos Galegos
In the parish, the main industry is the extraction of processing of stone and marble. On 2 November 2012, the Portuguese ...
Gas and oil extraction as well as processing are amongst the main industries on the island. It was called Vladimirovka (Влади́ ...
... the food industry is well represented in the city. The main enterprises of the food industry are: Melitopol Meat Processing ... Melitopol Milk Plant and Oil Extraction Plant are enterprises that belong to a major food-holding, Olkom. Melitopol grain ... light and food industry. The city's development is driven by engineering industries, that have received new impulse with the ... Further development of the city was closely connected with trade, iron and engineering industries, and railway service in the ...
Dave Canyon, Se'aquada, Table Mountain
... "industry/processing/extraction" functions. Its location is not disclosed by the National Register, which indicates it as " ...
In the 1950s, major economic activities in Bintulu were the timber extraction industry, fishing, and Sago processing. In the ... They are: Kemena Industrial Estate (for wood-based industries), Jepak Industries Estate (wood-based industries), Kidurong ... The economy has also expanded into oil palm and forest plantations, palm oil processing, wood-waste processing, and cement ... "PERKASA - Sarawak Timber Industry Development Corporation (April-June 2011 newsletter)" (PDF). Sarawak Timber Industry ...
... and Application in Process Industry". "Bromelain". US National Institutes of Health. May 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020. ... but specific extraction can yield sufficient quantities for domestic and industrial processing. Pineapples are subject to a ... The industry was destroyed in the Second World War and is only starting to be revived. 1895 painting of a Filipina in ... E.g., Duane P. Bartholomew, Richard A. Hawkins, and Johnny A. Lopez, "Hawaii Pineapple: The Rise and Fall of an Industry ...
Port Henry, New York
Its extraction and processing became an important industry in the township for about one hundred and fifty years. A blast ... In the early years, timber harvesting was a major industry and 20 mills were located in the area. The first dock was built on ...
There are many food processing plants in the district, as well as some oil industry and construction companies. There are ... Logging and extraction of oil are also developed. Agricultural lands account for about 40% of the district's total territory. ...
Rampur, Uttar Pradesh
... and virtually no mineral extraction. The main industries of Rampur are wine-making, sugar processing, textile weaving, and the ... The kite-making industry is one of the oldest and prime industries in Rampur, with various sizes and shapes of kite created by ... It was formerly known for its various industries, like sugar refining and cotton milling. Its library has more than 12,000 rare ... Beedi making is another booming industry in Rampur. As noted above, Rampur-manufactured knives were quite famous in the 20th ...
It has been employed in solvent extraction processes for metals valuable to the nuclear industry. A summary of contactor design ... The number of stages needed in each section of the process would depend on process design requirements (necessary extraction ... Fig 5. Separation direct feed Typically for solvent extraction processes in stage-wise equipment such as the centrifugal ... "G-Force Extraction". "Salt Waste Processing Facility - Phase II". Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 19 ...
Oil shale industry
The oil shale industry is an industry of mining and processing of oil shale-a fine-grained sedimentary rock, containing ... Oil-shale extraction can damage the biological and recreational value of land and the ecosystem in the mining area. Combustion ... According to the World Energy Outlook 2010, the EROEI of ex-situ processing is typically 4 to 5 while of in-situ processing it ... many industries faced closure. The global oil shale industry has grown again from the mid-1990s. In 2003, the oil shale ...
Nepalese honey with tejpat oil
Karki, T. (n.d.). Trade and Environment Dimensions in the Food and Food Processing Industries in Asia and the Pacific[permanent ... Oil Extraction Extraction of oil from the Tejpat leaves has been explored through superheated water extraction (SHWE), ... providing a potentially environmentally friendly process. Further research is needed for environmentally friendly extraction ... Honey processing in the case of poor farmers requires the simple access to and use of bowls, a sieve or straining cloth, and ...
However, the discovery of vast uranium deposits in western Kazakhstan soon led to a uranium extraction and processing industry ...
Swan's Island, Maine
Fish processing was the dominant industry into the 1930s, when it became no longer profitable in the area. The state-run ferry ... In 1791, David Smith, an American Revolutionary War veteran, became the first settler of European extraction on the island. The ... There are also a number of small cottage-industry shops. The main industry is lobster fishing, which employs 40 people full- ...
List of food additives
Ammonia process) - color (brown and black) Caramel IV (Ammonia sulfite process) - color (brown and black) Caraway - Carbamide ... Also used as a flavoring agent in pharmaceutical and food industries. Corn oil - one of the most common, and inexpensive ... They may be extracted from natural sources (through distillation, solvent extraction, maceration, among other methods) or ... Caramel I (plain) - color (brown and black) Caramel II (Caustic Sulfite process) - color (brown and black) Caramel III ( ...
... are recovered from the tall oil byproduct stream of Kraft process pulping of pines in the United States. Tapping ... Shipbuilding Naval stores industry Bark hack Gscheidmeier, Manfred; Fleig, Helmut (2000). Turpentines. doi:10.1002/14356007.a27 ... solvent extraction of shredded stumps and roots has become more common with the availability of inexpensive naphtha. Rosin ... 8 Outland III, Robert B. (2004). Tapping the pines : the naval stores industry in the American South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana ...
... the child can give consent to the lawful processing of personal data restricted with the purpose of processing (Art(6)(1)(a). ... "AI Strategy 2019: AI for Everyone: People, Industries, Regions and Governments" (PDF). Integrated Innovation Strategy Promotion ... obtain enormous power over their economy and create technological dependencies that will lead to perpetual resource extraction ... Regarding this, article 8 of the GDPR provides a set of age limits on the processing of personal data of children related to ...
The industries located along the ship channel and the bay are a major cause of the pollution. Hurricanes are a substantial ... The Covestro (former Bayer MaterialScience) Baytown Industrial Park is the largest of Covestro's U.S. chemical processing sites ... one significant earthquake that has been reported in the area was the result of an underground water and petroleum extraction. ... In addition to the heavy industry in the business community, Baytown is home to the Cedar Crossing Industrial Park. With a ...
Resource extraction becomes the "default sector" that still functions after other industries have come to a halt. A 2008 ... This process has been witnessed in multiple countries around the world including but not limited to Venezuela (oil), Angola ( ... High wages in the resource extraction industry could induce young workers to drop out of school earlier in order to find ... Even when politically stable, countries whose economies are dominated by resource extraction industries tend to be less ...
Other gaming industry commentators have described the post-launch reception of Cyberpunk 2077 as a fall from grace for CD ... However, the process destroyed the target's brain. Arasaka kidnapped Cunningham and forced her to create their own version of ... Pedersen, Erik (2 March 2021). "VES Awards Nominations: Tenet, Midnight Sky, Extraction, Soul & Mandalorian Among Titles In ... V and Welles escape, but Welles is fatally wounded in the process, and the Relic's protective case is damaged, forcing V to ...
In the process, he learns that he is destined to save humanity from an impending solar flare, and continues to explore his ... Shortly after extraction, Desmond flashes back to one of Altaïr's memories, despite not being linked to the Animus. After ... However, he is eventually tracked down and captured by Abstergo Industries, a front for the modern-day Templar Order. Once ... As Shaun, Rebecca, and William exit the Temple, Desmond touches the pedestal and releases Juno, dying in the process. According ...
Starting in the 1950s, high purity (>99%) neodymium was primarily obtained through an ion exchange process from monazite, a ... "Greenland to hold election watched closely by global mining industry" reuters.com. Retrieved 31 March 2021. Buzhinskii, I.M., ... Currently, most neodymium is extracted from bastnäsite and purified by solvent extraction. Ion-exchange purification is used ... due to the release of radioactive substances during the mining process. Neodymium is typically 10-18% of the rare-earth content ...
After dialogue systems based only on written text processing starting from the early Sixties, the first speaking dialogue ... Those first systems were used in the telecom industry to provide phone various services in specific domains, e.g. automated ... a conversational agent for empowering genomic data extraction and analysis", ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare, ACM ... Natural Language Processing and Information Systems, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 9103, pp. 144-150, doi:10.1007/978 ...
They explained them as natural processes in the Earth's evolution not affected by humans. They expressed doubt about human ... Michaels, David (2008). Doubt is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health. Oxford University ... and interests in resource extraction that support a dominant Western lifestyle. Academics argue that we need to understand ... "encouraged by lobbying and PR campaigns financed by the polluting industries". Supporters of environmentalists argue that " ...
Cinema of Iquitos
Although the crisis hit Iquitos and had its effect on the industry, the arrival of new films did not stop. Films with a ... In the continuous city growth following the success of the rubber extraction, and its connection with Europe, the bourgeoisie ... mining and resource processing, and use of the natives as a portrait of tourism. During these years, there were notable films ... Interest in film production grew alongside the film industry booming elsewhere in the world. There is not enough accurate ...
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
The Single Convention created four Schedules of controlled substances and a process for adding new substances to the Schedules ... Riboulet-Zemouli, K. (2022) High Compliance, a Lex Lata Legalization for the Non-Medical Cannabis Industry: How to Regulate ... Article 36 requires Parties to adopt measures against "cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction, preparation, ... Riboulet-Zemouli, Kenzi (14 March 2022). "High Compliance, a Lex Lata Legalization for the Non-Medical Cannabis Industry: How ...
Mineral processing and extraction of metals are very energy-intensive processes, which are not exempted of producing large ... Moreover, as the demand for metals increases, the metallurgical industry must rely on sources of materials with lower metal ... Several processes are used for extraction of same metal depending on occurrence and chemical requirements. Mineral processing ... This concentrate is then either processed to remove moisture or else used as is for extraction of the metal or made into shapes ...
Power: A New Social Analysis
He advocates, first, the abolition of the legal standing of confessions as evidence, to remove the incentive for extraction of ... He points out that nationalisation - which would allow the citizens to collectively own an industry - would not guarantee any ... The process by which an organisation achieves sufficient prominence that it is able to exercise naked power can be described as ... which at the very least involves the nationalisation of select industries (railways, water, television). In order for this to ...
Polar organic chemical integrative sampler
The sample can go through further processing such as cleanup or fractionation depending on the desired use of the sample. After ... industry developed a wide range of increasing water-soluble, polar hydrophilic organic compounds (HpOCs) to replace them. These ... have been able to provide a time-integrated sample of water contamination with low detection limits and in situ extraction of ... The accumulation of contaminants into a POCIS device is the result of three successive process occurring at the same time. ...
Environmental racism in Europe
169-170 of the forestry industry.: 57, 157 In the 1960s, forestry became an increasingly profitable industry in Turkey, as ... "The renewal process as a whole has caused the disintegration of the community by dispersing the existing social fabric, their ... new mountain roads near Bayramiç were created to enable timber extraction, coupled with improvements in highway networks.: 57 ... conflicts over the processing, handling, and transport of timber were commonplace among locals.: 57 According to Ӧzateşler, " ...
Today the major industry in the community is farming. There are also some light industrial units at the Annington Industrial ... Botolphs once had a sizeable population with the tidal River Adur supporting both navigation and salt extraction. The decline ... By a process of association the village acquired the name of Botolphs. The name Annington also survives, as a hamlet between ... After the decline of the shipping and salt industries, the only real economy for the village for many years was farming. In the ...
Jebsen & Jessen (SEA)
JJ-Lurgi Engineering offers technologies and engineering services for oil seed extraction, natural oils and fats production, ... Industry. In 1986 MHE-Demag became a 50/50 joint venture between Jebsen & Jessen (SEA) and Demag. By the 25th anniversary in ... and edible oil and bio fuel processing. MHE-Demag is a joint venture between Jebsen & Jessen (SEA) and Demag Cranes and ... and precision engineering industries. This business unit also distributes offshore and marine cables under the brand Cables ...
The company's initial projects were the extraction of papain (an enzyme from papaya used to tenderize meat) and isinglass ( ... Auchincloss's company produced enzymes for use in the brewing, food-packaging and textile industries. Auchincloss was looking ... built a new plant featuring proprietary solid substrate fermentation technology based on a semi-automated tray culture process ... In 1997, Unilever sold its specialty chemicals division, including Biocon, to Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI). In 1998, ...
Mining industry of Sudan
The mining industry of Sudan is mostly driven by extraction fuel minerals, with petroleum accounting for a substantial ... The refinery will also be able to process silver and its opening should reduce the amount of gold and silver smuggled to other ... Many gold extraction projects are expected to move to the production stage. However, constraints identified for such ... Production from the mining sector accounts for about 4% of gross domestic product (GDP). Mineral extraction reported by the ...
List of Metal Gear characters
Snake rescues her, but in the process Snake is bitten by a snake and the two are lost in a sandstorm as Soviet forces hunt for ... Kenneth Baker (ケネス・ベイカー, Kenesu Beikā) is the president of the arms industry company ArmsTech that takes part in Metal Gear ... notably during the rescue of Kazuhira Miller and during the extraction of Code Talker. D.D., short for Diamond Dog, is a ... She was assigned to us as our visual and data processing specialist. She designed your codec, as well as your Soliton radar ...
When the scanning process is complete, the books may be accessed from both The New York Public Library's website and from the ... The extraction of text from page images is a difficult engineering task. Smudges on the physical books' pages, fancy fonts, old ... October 2008: A settlement was reached between the publishing industry and Google after two years of negotiation. Google agreed ... The scanning process is subject to errors. For example, some pages may be unreadable, upside down, or in the wrong order. ...
... she critically omits the infrastructure of the resource extraction industry which characterize many of those scenes today. ... Part of this process is the act of camping and community building that develops care between participants and care for the land ... representations of the land in that they do not show the destruction the land has undergone from resource extraction industries ... Throughout this process, participants created art that explored their relationality between space, community, and information. ...
Solvay, New York
Belgian inventors of the chemical process employed by the Solvay Process Company, formerly the major industry of the village. ... Eventually the community became known for its population largely Italian in extraction. It still retains a large segment (about ... The village was renamed "Solvay" after 1884, when the Solvay Process Company built a Solvay process plant to produce soda ash. ... The Solvay Process plant, by then owned by Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation, closed in 1985. The community has remained ...
Aquaculture of coral
The process protects young corals while they are most at risk of dying. Small corals are propagated in nurseries and then ... and hobby industry took off in the early 1980s. The trend was attributed to hobby magazines. In 2009 the US government awarded ... and the final step is replaced by extraction and packaging for sale. Coral aquaculture offers alternative livelihoods to people ... For commercial markets, the process is the same except that the ocean cultivation is extended until the colonies reach ...
Patterns extraction with machine learning process annotated and unannotated text have been explored extensively by academic ... Stock price prediction: In the finance industry, the classier aids the prediction model by process auxiliary information from ... Natural language processing, Affective computing, Social media, Social information processing, Polling, Sociology of technology ... Level One: Generate extraction patterns based on the pre-defined rules and the extracted patterns by the number of seed words ...
The company was involved in an extensive range of industries including food processing, textiles and cotton production, energy ... and gold extraction industries. In the period leading up to Zeromax's closure, the company was surrounded by rumors of layoffs ...
Lists of Canadians
... invented a method of bromine extraction known as the Dow process Mathew Evans - co-inventor of the first electric light bulb ... mining industry executive Jean Pouliot (1923-2004) - founder of CFCF et Télévision Quatre Saisons John Redpath (1796-1869) - ... Company, which later became Kraft Foods Inc; patented processed cheese (AKA American cheese) Thomas Edvard Krogh ScD (hc) FRSC ... invented film colorization process in 1983 Elijah McCoy (1844-1929) - developed automatic machinery lubricator, lawn sprinkler ...
Document management system
... retrieval made possible because the system handled the extraction of the text from the document in the process of capture, and ... These industries include accounting (for example: 8th EU Directive, Sarbanes-Oxley Act), food safety (e.g., Food Safety ... The data validation rules should be embedded in the form itself, rather than accomplished in a post-processing environment. ... Here is a description of these components: Many industry associations publish their own lists of particular document control ...
Since at least 2010 the company has worked with the fossil fuel industry to optimise fossil fuel extraction. It commissions ... that reading requires extra permission if automated and that the publisher holds copyright on output of automated processes. ... In addition it markets data services and research portals directly to the fossil fuel industry to help "increase the odds of ... The firm disputed the claims, claiming that their prices are below the industry average, and stating that bundling is only one ...
Wood Extraction & Processing - Industries - Pansar Berhad
Extraction and Processing Industry | Profiles RNS
"Extraction and Processing Industry" by people in this website by year, and whether "Extraction and Processing Industry" was a ... "Extraction and Processing Industry" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Extraction and Processing Industry" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Extraction and Processing Industry". ...
Bentley OpenPlant Orthographics Manager V8i Automates Extraction and Production of General Arrangement Plant Drawings from 3D...
Siemens and Bentley extend collaboration to the process industry Apr, 17, 2013 , News The Siemens Industry Automation Division ... and other process plants - we address the ongoing need in many industry sectors to create and deliver drawings for construction ... We believe that Bentley OpenPlant Orthographics Manager will be a valuable tool for automating our drawing process." ... Bentley OpenPlant Orthographics Manager V8i Automates Extraction and Production of General Arrangement Plant Drawings from 3D ...
National Register of Historic Places - Montana (MT), Silver Bow County
POLYN Introduces Voice Processing Tiny AI Chip Delivering Industry-First Voice Extraction | Polyn Technology
POLYN Introduces Voice Processing Tiny AI Chip Delivering Industry-First Voice Extraction. ... "A combination of NASP technology for voice extraction for clear communication and other voice processing features gives ... Neuromorphic analog ultra-low power solution fuses voice extraction with range of other voice processing features. ... AI-based extraction of the voice signal in a noisy environment, including irregular noises, provides a better hearing ...
Trichloroethylene (TCE) | Public Health Statement | ATSDR
Trichloroethylene is also known as Triclene and Vitran and by other trade names in industry. It is a nonflammable, colorless ... by the textile processing industry to scour cotton, wool, and other fabrics; in dry cleaning operations; and as a component of ... Trichloroethylene is widely used as a solvent for extraction, waterless drying, and finishing, and as a general purpose solvent ... If you work in the degreasing industry or another industry where trichloroethylene is produced or used, you may be exposed by ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Search Results - Full View
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Food-processing-industry ... Air samples for hexane were collected in worker breathing zones and around the extraction equipment. Grab samples were also ... The evaluation was requested by an unspecified individual on behalf of an unreported number of extraction operators and ... maintenance personnel concerned with hexane exposure during soybean processing. ...
Trichloroethylene | Toxzine | ATSDR
... by the textile processing industry to scour cotton, wool, and other fabrics; in dry cleaning operations; and as a component of ... Trichloroethylene is widely used as a solvent for extraction, waterless drying, and finishing, and as a general purpose solvent ... If you work in the degreasing industry or other industry where trichloroethylene is used, you may be exposed by breathing in ... Trichloroethylene has also been used as an extraction solvent for greases, oils, fats, waxes, and tars; ...
CDC - Mining - Advanced Measurement Methods in Mining - NIOSH
Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)
10025 Franklin Avenue Franklin Park | Landmarks Illinois
National Register of Historical Places - OHIO (OH), Mahoning County
National Register of Historical Places - NEBRASKA (NE), Cass County
Fluoride Action Network | Updates to Uranium Processing and Fluorine Extraction Process Plans
Industry type: Nuclear Industry IDAHO FALLS, Idaho, Oct 01, 2008 /PRNewswire-FirstCall via COMTEX/ - International Isotopes Inc ... Updates to Uranium Processing and Fluorine Extraction Process Plans. Source: MarketWatch , Press Release Posted on October 1st ... of a depleted uranium de-conversion and fluorine extraction facility using its patented Fluorine Extraction Process (FEP). ... The INIS planned de-conversion facility, coupled with the FEP process, will be able to address a portion of the U.S. de- ...
Reactive Separation for Process Intensification and Sustainability - 1
... phenomena and design strategies of reactive separation processes with an emphasis on the intens ... Reactive separation processes in the industry. Design methods and strategies. Succeful cases improving process sustainability. ... 4. Reactive extraction and extractive fermentation. Uses and applications. Conceptual design. Modeling and simulation. Case ... Cardonas research focuses on developing non-conventional separation processes, thermodynamics, integration processes, process ...
GaWC Research Bulletin 400
Processing Industries and Natural Resource Extraction. Alternative/Renewable Energy. Chemicals. Coal, Oil & Natural Gas. ... The competition for investments in low-tech manufacturing (0.35) and process industries (0.34) is much higher than for ... and process industries. In addition, investments in these lower value-added segments are less concentrated in only a few ... process industries, and production plants) are relatively footloose in that they do not have very specific location ...
Basma SALEH | Academic Lecturer | Master of Engineering | Al-Mustansiriya University, Baghdad | Research profile
The processing of data plays a major role in the healthcare industrys disease detection. A variety of disease evalua... ... sequence modeling is some essential and most general strategies for data extraction. ... Machine Learning, Data Mining, Image processing, Advanced Mathematics, Optimisation Algorithms, Robot-Controller ...
Solvent Extraction l Mining & Metals l Spartan Controls
Alternative Dispute Resolution: Corporate Stakeholder Engagement and Mineral Extraction in Colombia
Right now, most company-community consultation processes produce nothing more than justifications for what industry already has ... One Response to "Alternative Dispute Resolution: Corporate Stakeholder Engagement and Mineral Extraction in Colombia". * Anna R ... Conflicts surrounding mineral extraction in Colombia are substantial and growing, especially as project scale increases. For ... Thank you for your insightful article on mineral extraction in Columbia. The Alberta Energy Regulator in Alberta Canada has an ...
Form Automation & Processing Software | Form OCR | Parascript
Automate your forms-based processes with the industrys most accurate and trusted form data extraction--the best available form ... Automate your forms-based processes with the industrys most accurate and trusted form data extraction. Parascript FormXtra.AI ... Automate your forms-based processes with the industrys most accurate and trusted form data extraction. Parascript software ... Automate your forms-based processes with the industrys most accurate and trusted form data extraction. ...
ByteScout Solutions for Utilities Industry - ByteScout
Reduce invoice processing time and increase data accuracy. *x10 faster data extraction speed ... ByteScout Solutions for Utilities Industry. Reduce invoice processing time, replace slow manual data entry and increase ... Automated data entry generates better invoice processing times. Automate data entry and analysis in most business processes ... Whitepapers - ByteScout SDK use cases by industry. *We Fight Against Cancer - Free licenses for projects fighting against ...
Division of Engineering and Food Science | Abertay University
We focus on developing novel, environmentally friendly extraction and processing methods of food by-products and food industry ... The Process Lab is used for pilot-scale food manufacture and is unique in Scotland. It has been designed to industry standards ... Food chemistry and process optimisation We investigate the formation of contaminates during food processing and develop ... the agriculture sector and the food and drink industry. Our staff are highly regarded by industry professionals, and ...
A new map of mines and processing plants | BRGM
This is the 4th map charting the extraction industry in France. It is also available on the Mineralinfo portal and in poster ... Aluminium France and CSF present the map of the extraction industry in France. ... This map shows the mines in operation, metal and salt processing plants, and mineral deposits in mainland France, French Guiana ... It illustrates non-energy mining potential and locates all mineral extraction sites. It also shows plants currently producing ...
Natural Gas - Extraction to End Use | IntechOpen
Pharmaceutical industry sponsorship and research outcome and quality: systematic review | The BMJ
BD planned the study, checked the data extraction process, and wrote the paper. OC extracted the data and wrote the paper. JL ... number of industry and non-industry funded articles analysed in each study, how industry funding was defined, criteria used to ... 41 Eleven papers mentioned that some trials were funded by industry but offered 22 further definition of industry funding.17 18 ... 27 the risk of venous thromboembolism for non-industry funded research was higher than that for industry sponsored trials, ...
Manufacturing volume in agriculture sector increases in Kazakhstan - Trend.Az
The increase in processing industry amounted to 3.6 percent, which compensated for the decrease in oil extraction," Dalenov ... "Investments into industry increased by 17.5 percent. Compared to the previous month, the foreign exchange reserves of the ... At the same time, the oil extraction decreased by 3.2 percent. ...
Koyaanisqatsi Redux | Newgeography.com
... heavy industry; mass processing of food, clothes, consumer and industrial goods; massive residential and commercial development ... huge efforts devoted to energy extraction, production and transmission; untrammeled mobility for goods, people and vehicles. ... Instigated and required by government, you say? Developed and produced by industry in response to marketplace demand, says I. ... and that the health of the industries that make them possible are far more important than any particular small sub-species of ...
100 West Willow Road Wheeling | Landmarks Illinois
Pharmaceutical Facility Management: The Plant Manager's Handbook (2nd Edition) > Kohli, J.P.S. | Saujanya...
Industrial Processes In The Pharmaceutical Industry; Research and Development; Production of Bulk Pharmaceutical Chemicals; ... Chemical Synthesis; Natural Product Extraction; Fermentation; Formulation into Final Dosage Forms; Raw Material Inputs And ... In Process Testing; Process Notes; Common Problems in Tabletting; Liquid Orals; Process Notes; Topical Preparations; Potency ... Production and Process Controls; Critical Manufacturing Steps; Equipment Identification; In-Process Testing; Packaging and ...
Major Challenges in the Oil and Gas Industry | Quantzig | Business Wire
This will help in increasing productivity in production and minimize extraction and refining costs. Request a demo to know more ... There is also the challenge of guaranteeing transparency in the environmental management of their processes. In countries like ... Get in touch to know more about how we can help you overcome the major challenges in the oil and gas industry. ... Visit our page, to view a comprehensive list of the major challenges in the oil and gas industry. ...