Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Freedom from activity.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.
An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.
The oxygen consumption level above which aerobic energy production is supplemented by anaerobic mechanisms during exercise, resulting in a sustained increase in lactate concentration and metabolic acidosis. The anaerobic threshold is affected by factors that modify oxygen delivery to the tissues; it is low in patients with heart disease. Methods of measurement include direct measure of lactate concentration, direct measurement of bicarbonate concentration, and gas exchange measurements.
Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Methods or programs of physical activities which can be used to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.
A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Glucose in blood.
The quadriceps femoris. A collective name of the four-headed skeletal muscle of the thigh, comprised of the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, and vastus medialis.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Difficult or labored breathing.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Salts or esters of LACTIC ACID containing the general formula CH3CHOHCOOR.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The process of exocrine secretion of the SWEAT GLANDS, including the aqueous sweat from the ECCRINE GLANDS and the complex viscous fluids of the APOCRINE GLANDS.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
Part of the arm in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
An endogenous substance found mainly in skeletal muscle of vertebrates. It has been tried in the treatment of cardiac disorders and has been added to cardioplegic solutions. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1996)
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Force exerted when gripping or grasping.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
Enzyme that catalyzes the first step of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (CITRIC ACID CYCLE). It catalyzes the reaction of oxaloacetate and acetyl CoA to form citrate and coenzyme A. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.7.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
Individuals who have developed skills, physical stamina and strength or participants in SPORTS or other physical activities.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Carrying out of specific physical routines or procedures by one who is trained or skilled in physical activity. Performance is influenced by a combination of physiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. It is thought to be provoked by a transient stressful situation during which the oxygen requirements of the MYOCARDIUM exceed that supplied by the CORONARY CIRCULATION.
The presence of an increased amount of blood in a body part or an organ leading to congestion or engorgement of blood vessels. Hyperemia can be due to increase of blood flow into the area (active or arterial), or due to obstruction of outflow of blood from the area (passive or venous).
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.
A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
One of the MARTIAL ARTS and also a form of meditative exercise using methodically slow circular stretching movements and positions of body balance.
Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.
The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Mitochondria of skeletal and smooth muscle. It does not include myocardial mitochondria for which MITOCHONDRIA, HEART is available.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The position or attitude of the body.
Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.
A general class of ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine.
External application of water for therapeutic purposes.
Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.
A measurement of OXYGEN uptake in a sitting, resting person (resting oxygen consumption), varying with age, sex, race, and other factors. In normal adult men, one MET is approximately 3.5 ml O2/kg/min of body weight. Oxygen uptake during activities or work can be measured in METs which can be use to determine health status and exercise prescription.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
Unstable isotopes of thallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Tl atoms with atomic weights 198-202, 204, and 206-210 are thallium radioisotopes.
A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Running at a low rate of speed. It can be done as a means of conditioning or for general health and well being.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.
A transferase that catalyzes formation of PHOSPHOCREATINE from ATP + CREATINE. The reaction stores ATP energy as phosphocreatine. Three cytoplasmic ISOENZYMES have been identified in human tissues: the MM type from SKELETAL MUSCLE, the MB type from myocardial tissue and the BB type from nervous tissue as well as a mitochondrial isoenzyme. Macro-creatine kinase refers to creatine kinase complexed with other serum proteins.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.
The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Exercises in which muscles are repeatedly and rapidly stretched, followed by shortening, concentric MUSCLE CONTRACTION (e.g. jumping and rebounding). They are designed to exert maximal force in minimal time by increasing STRETCH REFLEX.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.
Skeletal muscle fibers characterized by their expression of the Type II MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN isoforms which have high ATPase activity and effect several other functional properties - shortening velocity, power output, rate of tension redevelopment. Several fast types have been identified.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.
The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Glycogenosis due to muscle phosphorylase deficiency. Characterized by painful cramps following sustained exercise.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.
Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
An acetic acid ester of CARNITINE that facilitates movement of ACETYL COA into the matrices of mammalian MITOCHONDRIA during the oxidation of FATTY ACIDS.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.
A heavy, bluish white metal, atomic number 81, atomic weight [204.382; 204.385], symbol Tl.

Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997. (1/12078)

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older. (2/12078)

Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.  (+info)

Prognostic value of myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with high exercise tolerance. (3/12078)

BACKGROUND: Although high exercise tolerance is associated with an excellent prognosis, the significance of abnormal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with high exercise tolerance has not been established. This study retrospectively compares the utility of MPI and exercise ECG (EECG) in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 388 consecutive patients who underwent exercise MPI and reached at least Bruce stage IV, 157 (40.5%) had abnormal results and 231 (59.5%) had normal results. Follow-up was performed at 18+/-2.7 months. Adverse events, including revascularization, myocardial infarction, and cardiac death, occurred in 40 patients. Nineteen patients had revascularization related to the MPI results or the patient's condition at the time of MPI and were not included in further analysis. Seventeen patients (12.2%) with abnormal MPI and 4 (1.7%) with normal MPI had adverse cardiac events (P<0.001). Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis showed that MPI was an excellent predictor of cardiac events (global chi2=13.2; P<0.001; relative risk=8; 95% CI=3 to 23) but EECG had no predictive power (global chi2=0.05; P=0.8; relative risk=1; 95% CI=0.4 to 3.0). The addition of Duke's treadmill score risk categories did not improve the predictive power of EECG (global chi2=0.17). The predictive power of the combination of EECG (including Duke score categories) and MPI was no better than that of MPI alone (global chi2=13.5). CONCLUSIONS: Unlike EECG, MPI is an excellent prognostic indicator for adverse cardiac events in patients with known or suspected CAD and high exercise tolerance.  (+info)

Glucose kinetics during prolonged exercise in highly trained human subjects: effect of glucose ingestion. (4/12078)

1. The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate whether glucose ingestion during prolonged exercise reduces whole body muscle glycogen oxidation, (2) to determine the extent to which glucose disappearing from the plasma is oxidized during exercise with and without carbohydrate ingestion and (3) to obtain an estimate of gluconeogenesis. 2. After an overnight fast, six well-trained cyclists exercised on three occasions for 120 min on a bicycle ergometer at 50 % maximum velocity of O2 uptake and ingested either water (Fast), or a 4 % glucose solution (Lo-Glu) or a 22 % glucose solution (Hi-Glu) during exercise. 3. Dual tracer infusion of [U-13C]-glucose and [6,6-2H2]-glucose was given to measure the rate of appearance (Ra) of glucose, muscle glycogen oxidation, glucose carbon recycling, metabolic clearance rate (MCR) and non-oxidative disposal of glucose. 4. Glucose ingestion markedly increased total Ra especially with Hi-Glu. After 120 min Ra and rate of disappearance (Rd) of glucose were 51-52 micromol kg-1 min-1 during Fast, 73-74 micromol kg-1 min-1 during Lo-Glu and 117-119 micromol kg-1 min-1 during Hi-Glu. The percentage of Rd oxidized was between 96 and 100 % in all trials. 5. Glycogen oxidation during exercise was not reduced by glucose ingestion. The vast majority of glucose disappearing from the plasma is oxidized and MCR increased markedly with glucose ingestion. Glucose carbon recycling was minimal suggesting that gluconeogenesis in these conditions is negligible.  (+info)

Reduced cytosolic acidification during exercise suggests defective glycolytic activity in skeletal muscle of patients with Becker muscular dystrophy. An in vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. (5/12078)

Becker muscular dystrophy is an X-linked disorder due to mutations in the dystrophin gene, resulting in reduced size and/or content of dystrophin. The functional role of this subsarcolemma protein and the biochemical mechanisms leading to muscle necrosis in Becker muscular dystrophy are still unknown. In particular, the role of a bioenergetic deficit is still controversial. In this study, we used 31p magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31p-MRS) to investigate skeletal muscle mitochondrial and glycolytic ATP production in vivo in 14 Becker muscular dystrophy patients. Skeletal muscle glycogenolytic ATP production, measured during the first minute of exercise, was similar in patients and controls. On the other hand, during later phases of exercise, skeletal muscle in Becker muscular dystrophy patients was less acidic than in controls, the cytosolic pH at the end of exercise being significantly higher in Becker muscular dystrophy patients. The rate of proton efflux from muscle fibres of Becker muscular dystrophy patients was similar to that of controls, pointing to a deficit in glycolytic lactate production as a cause of higher end-exercise cytosolic pH in patients. The maximum rate of mitochondrial ATP production was similar in muscle of Becker muscular dystrophy patients and controls. The results of this in vivo 31P-MRS study are consistent with reduced glucose availability in dystrophin-deficient muscles.  (+info)

Addition of angiotensin II receptor blockade to maximal angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition improves exercise capacity in patients with severe congestive heart failure. (6/12078)

BACKGROUND: Incomplete suppression of the renin-angiotensin system during long-term ACE inhibition may contribute to symptomatic deterioration in patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF). Combined angiotensin II type I (AT1) receptor blockade and ACE inhibition more completely suppresses the activated renin-angiotensin system than either intervention alone in sodium-depleted normal individuals. Whether AT1 receptor blockade with losartan improves exercise capacity in patients with severe CHF already treated with ACE inhibitors is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-three patients with severe CHF despite treatment with maximally recommended or tolerated doses of ACE inhibitors were randomized 1:1 to receive 50 mg/d losartan or placebo for 6 months in addition to standard therapy in a multicenter, double-blind trial. Peak aerobic capacity (V(O2)) during symptom-limited treadmill exercise and NYHA functional class were determined at baseline and after 3 and 6 months of double-blind therapy. Peak V(O2) at baseline and after 3 and 6 months were 13.5+/-0.6, 15.1+/-1.0, and 15.7+/-1.1 mL. kg-1. min-1, respectively, in patients receiving losartan and 14.1+/-0.6, 14.3+/-0.9, and 13.6+/-1.1 mL. kg-1. min-1, respectively, in patients receiving placebo (P<0.02 for treatment group-by-time interaction). Functional class improved by at least one NYHA class in 9 of 16 patients receiving losartan and 1 of 17 patients receiving placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Losartan enhances peak exercise capacity and alleviates symptoms in patients with CHF who are severely symptomatic despite treatment with maximally recommended or tolerated doses of ACE inhibitors.  (+info)

Influences of low intensity exercise on body composition, food intake and aerobic power of sedentary young females. (7/12078)

The present study was designed to investigate the influences of aerobic training on the body composition, aerobic power and food intake of sedentary young females in relation to the initial levels of these variables. Thirty one untrained college females (age = 19.8 +/- 0.2 yr, stature = 154.4 +/- 0.8 cm, body mass = 53.3 +/- 1.2 kg, mean +/- SEM) participated in an exercise regimen consisting of 40% of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) for 30 minutes per day on a bicycle ergometer 5 times a week in a training period of 12 weeks. Food consumption was ad libitum but the content of daily food intake was recorded accurately throughout the whole training period and analyzed weekly. The average body mass index (BMI) and fat mass relative to body mass (% FM), estimated from the data of skinfold thickness, decreased significantly after the 12 wk training. There were significant negative correlations between the relative changes (% delta s) and initial levels of both body mass (r = -0.447, p < 0.05) and fat mass (r = -0.638, p < 0.05), but the corresponding correlation for lean body mass (LBM) was not significant (r = 0.186, p > 0.05). While the energy intake during the training period did not differ significantly from that during the control period on the average, the % delta value in energy intake between the two periods was negatively correlated to the energy intake during the control period (r = -0.604, p < 0.05). In addition, there were low but significant negative correlations between both the initial levels of BMI and %FM and % delta in energy intake; r = -0.413 (p < 0.05) for BMI and r = -0.393 (p < 0.05) for %FM. However, no significant correlations were found between % delta in energy intake and those in body composition variables (r = 0.116 to 0.237, p > 0.05). On the average VO2max relative to body mass (VO2max/BM) increased significantly, but VO2max relative to LBM (VO2max/LBM) did not. However, not only VO2max/BM but also VO2max/LBM was negatively correlated to the initial level; r = -0.671 (p < 0.05) for VO2max/BM and r = -0.625 for VO2max/LBM. Thus, the present results indicate that whether the body composition, food intake and aerobic power of sedentary young females can be modified by the exercise regimen eliciting 40% of VO2max depends on their initial levels.  (+info)

Stroke volume decline during prolonged exercise is influenced by the increase in heart rate. (8/12078)

This study determined whether the decline in stroke volume (SV) during prolonged exercise is related to an increase in heart rate (HR) and/or an increase in cutaneous blood flow (CBF). Seven active men cycled for 60 min at approximately 57% peak O2 uptake in a neutral environment (i.e., 27 degrees C, <40% relative humidity). They received a placebo control (CON) or a small oral dose (i.e., approximately 7 mg) of the beta1-adrenoceptor blocker atenolol (BB) at the onset of exercise. At 15 min, HR and SV were similar during CON and BB. From 15 to 55 min during CON, a 13% decline in SV was associated with an 11% increase in HR and not with an increase in CBF. CBF increased mainly from 5 to 15 min and remained stable from 20 to 60 min of exercise in both treatments. However, from 15 to 55 min during BB, when the increase in HR was prevented by atenolol, the decline in SV was also prevented, despite a normal CBF response (i.e., similar to CON). Cardiac output was similar in both treatments and stable throughout the exercise bouts. We conclude that during prolonged exercise in a neutral environment the decline in SV is related to the increase in HR and is not affected by CBF.  (+info)

How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain. The post How Exercise Helps your Body and your Brain appeared first on SeniorNews.. ...
Danladi I. Musa, Samuel A. Adenirn, A. U. Dikko and Stephen P. Sayers. ​. Purpose: Examine the impact of an 8-week program of high-intensity interval training on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC) and the atherogenic index (TC/HDL-C) in 36 untrained men ages 21 - 36.. ​. Conclusions: Findings support the recommendations of high-intensity interval training as an alternative mode of exercise to improve blood lipid profiles for individuals with acceptable physical fitness levels.. ​. IN PLAIN ENGLISH: Having high levels of HDL cholesterol can play a protective role against coronary atherosclerosis since it acts as a lipid scavenger. In past studies, continuous activity endurance training has been proven to elevate HDL-C. To also elevate HDL-C levels and protect against coronary issues, high-intensity interval training can also be used. ...
The popularity of high-intensity interval training (HIIT), which consists primarily of repeated bursts of high-intensity exercise, continues to soar because its effectiveness and efficiency have been proven in use by both elite athletes and general fitness enthusiasts. Surprisingly, few resources have attempted to explain both the science behind the HIIT movement and its sport-specific application to athlete training. Thats why Science and Application of High-Intensity Interval Training is a must-have resource for sport coaches, strength and conditioning professionals, personal trainers, and exercise physiologists, as well as for researchers and sport scientists who study high-intensity interval training.
Background Exercise may improve cardiorespiratory fitness in people with schizophrenia, however, possible condition-specific cardiorespiratory disadvantages, a scarcity of methodologically sound studies, and conflicting results raise questions about the effect of exercise on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in this group. The primary aim of this study, therefore, was to investigate the effect of high-intensity interval training on VO2max in people with schizophrenia. Second, we sought to determine whether the intervention would have an effect on general physical activity (PA) level and body composition. Methods Eighty-two patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to supervised high-intensity interval training or computer gaming skills training, performed twice a week for 12 weeks. Oxygen uptake was measured directly, during a maximum exercise session on a treadmill. PA level were assessed using ActiGraph accelerometer, and body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Transient increase in femoral arterial blood flow to the contralateral non-exercising limb during one-legged exercise. AU - Yoshizawa, Mutsuko. AU - Shimizu-Okuyama, Shizuyo. AU - Kagaya, Atsuko. PY - 2008/7/1. Y1 - 2008/7/1. N2 - We studied the effect of exercise intensity and duration on blood flow to the non-exercising leg during one-legged dynamic knee extension. Femoral arterial blood flow (FBF) to the non-exercising leg, blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during one-legged dynamic knee extension exercise at 15, 30, and 45% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in seven healthy females. There was an interaction between exercise intensity and duration for FBF and FVC (P , 0.01). During the initial phase of contralateral leg exercise at all intensities, FBF and femoral vascular conductance (FVC) of non-exercising leg increased, and the increase was larger at higher intensities (P , 0.01). After initial vasodilatation, FBF and FVC decreased to baseline, which ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Heart Rate During an Exercise Test and Acute High-intensity Interval Training in Type 2 Diabetes. AU - Andrade-Mayorga, O.. AU - Mancilla, R.. AU - Diaz, E.. AU - Alvarez, C.. PY - 2020/6/1. Y1 - 2020/6/1. KW - capacity. KW - cardiometabolic disease. KW - chronotropic incompetence. KW - diabetes mellitus type 2. KW - exercise. KW - fat. KW - heart rate. KW - high-intensity interval training. KW - increases. KW - low-volume. KW - physiological adaptations. KW - prediabetes. KW - CAPACITY. KW - INCREASES. KW - PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS. KW - CHRONOTROPIC INCOMPETENCE. KW - FAT. KW - LOW-VOLUME. KW - CARDIOMETABOLIC DISEASE. U2 - 10.1055/a-1015-0591. DO - 10.1055/a-1015-0591. M3 - Article. C2 - 32045951. VL - 41. SP - 365. EP - 372. JO - International Journal of Sports Medicine. JF - International Journal of Sports Medicine. SN - 0172-4622. IS - 6. ER - ...
There is a high prevalence of women in South Africa with overweight and obesity which is associated with an increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders. Perceived barriers such as lack of time and motivation reduce engagement in beneficial activity behaviours for health. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a time-efficient and effective way to improve cardiometabolic risk profile regardless of a loss in body mass or change in body composition. This randomized controlled trial aims to determine the effects on cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and cardiometabolic health and feasibility of a home-based 14-week HIIT program in women with overweight/obesity or normal body mass. One hundred and twenty women (18-40 years old) with a body mass index between 20 and 35 kg/m2, will be stratified according to their BMI (normal, BMI 20-24.9 kg/m2; or high BMI ≥25 kg/m2) and randomized into a HIIT exercising group (HIIT) or a non-exercising control group (CON). HIIT participants will perform
This study aimed to compare the effects of 8-week self-paced high-intensity interval training (HIIT) vs. self-paced moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on the physical performance and psychophysiological responses of young adults. Twenty-eight recreationally active young adults (age: 21.1 +/- 1.6 years) were randomly assigned to either the self-paced HIIT (n = 14) or the MICT (n = 14) group training protocol. The HIIT consisted of two 12-24 x 30 seconds of high-intensity runs interspersed by 30 seconds of recovery. The MICT completed 24-48 minutes of continuous running. Before and after the 8-week interventions the following tests were completed: maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) estimated from the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (YYIRTL-1), repeated sprint ability (RSA), 10-30-m sprint test, change of direction test (T-drill), countermovement jump (CMI) and squat jump (Si), and triple hop distance test (THD). Training rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and physical activity ...
Monitoring exercise-induced changes in glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Influence of acute exercise on hyperglycemia in insulin-treated type 2 diabetes
In our study, moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, was associated with statistically significant decreases in IGF-I and IGFBP-3. Exercise was also associated with a borderline statistically significant decrease in insulin levels. If we assume the between-group difference in IGF and insulin minimizes the adverse associations among IGF, insulin, and breast cancer risk or prognosis that have recently been reported (1-3), then the beneficial effect of exercise is comparable with that of many commonly used adjuvant chemotherapies (10). The approximate 9% between-group difference in IGF-I levels is clinically meaningful and roughly half the change that has been observed with a 20 mg/d dose of tamoxifen (31).. Whereas three other studies have examined the effect of exercise on insulin (two of the studies also examined IGF) in breast cancer survivors (11-13), only the study conducted by Ligibel and colleagues showed a statistically significant decrease in insulin levels (11). ...
Introduction: Aerobic deconditioning is a major barrier to stroke recovery. Post stroke guidelines recommend moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) to improve aerobic fitness and mobility. High-intensity interval training (HIT) has been shown to be more effective than MICE for improving aerobic fitness among healthy adults and persons with heart disease. However, no previous study has compared HIT and MICE among persons with stroke. We hypothesized that HIT would elicit significantly greater improvement in both aerobic fitness and gait function relative to MICE in this population.. Methods: Fourteen subjects (mean ± SD age, 58 ± 10 years; years post stroke, 4.3 ± 2.9) were randomized to HIT (n=11) or MICE (n=5); each 25 min, 3x/week for 4 weeks. HIT involved repeated 30 sec bursts of treadmill (TM) gait at maximum tolerated speed (based on gait stability), alternated with 30-60 sec rest periods. MICE involved continuous TM gait at 45-50% heart rate reserve. Outcomes were measured by a ...
The present study examined the effect of an acute bout of aerobic exercise on sustained attention and discrimination ability in children with LD. With the intensity of exercise confirmed via HR and RPE monitoring, the results demonstrated that a single session of aerobic exercise led to shortened reaction times and improved accuracy rates on the DUAF sustained attention test and the determination test, even as the LD and TD control groups, which did not undergo the exercise session, showed no such improvements. The results provided strong evidence of acute exercise on childrens performance in tasks requiring sustained attention or discriminatory ability, with a high ES (25% of variance explained; Cohen, 1988, p. 287). Also, compared with the TD children who participated in the exercise treatment, the children with LD participating in acute exercise demonstrated greater positive impact in the reaction times and accuracy rates. Our findings suggest that higher accuracy rate and fast reaction time ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acute high intensity aerobic training on ANP and Endothelin-1 in inactive obese women. In order to nineteen obese women mean age± SD: 27.94± 3.30, mean weight ±SD: 88.13 ±7.28, mean height ±SD: 163.00± 4.91, mean BMI ±SD: 32.96± 3.13 selected and were randomly allocated to experimental and control groups. Experimental group performed a session acute aerobic exercise on ergometer at intensity 25w that increased every two minute 25w to workload and performed to exhaustion every subject. Samples blood were taken after 12 hours fasting, before and after of program training. For analyzed of biochemical variables used ELISA method and for analyses data used ANOVA. Results of this study showed that acute aerobic training causes significant increase in level of plasma ANP in obese women (p=0.006). But no significant differences observe in plasma level of Endothelin-1. Also, any significant difference didnt observe between pre and ...
5 No-Equipment Upper Body Exercises , Livestrong.com So they improve cardiovascular health and increase muscular endurance. Burpees Upper Body Exercises Do all these exercises slowly. Squats. Try these ten bodyweight upper body exercises to sculpt your arms, shoulders, and coreâ mostly those guns, though. This upper-body routine requires zero equipment and little space. In fact, your own body is one of the most effective arm-strengthening tools at your disposal. If you feel any unusual pain in your joints or muscles while you exercise, do not continue the exercise. Full Body Exercises That Donâ t Require Weights 1. And as much as I love weights, you donâ t even need weights to build killer functional upper body strength. Do these exercises 2-3 times a week. While these can be very effective at training your back, I deliberately left them out from this list. Now that you know the importance of doing full body exercises â letâ s look into the 9 full body exercises you can do without weights. ...
Objective: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been proposed as signaling molecules mediating exercise training adaptation, but the ROS source has remained unclear. This study aimed to investigate if increased NADPH oxidase (NOX)2-dependent activity during exercise is required for long-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in skeletal muscle using a mouse model lacking functional NOX2 complex due to absent p47phox (Ncf1) subunit expression (ncf1* mutation).. Methods: HIIT was investigated after an acute bout of exercise and after a chronic intervention (3x/week for 6 weeks) in wild-type (WT) vs. NOX2 activity-deficient (ncf1*) mice. NOX2 activation during HIIT was measured using an electroporated genetically-encoded biosensor. Immunoblotting and single-fiber microscopy was performed to measure classical exercise-training responsive endpoints in skeletal muscle.. Results: A single bout of HIIT increased NOX2 activity measured as p47-roGFP oxidation immediately after exercise but not 1 h or ...
Low- to moderate-intensity exercise has been widely recommended for people at any age to improve cardiovascular health due to its positive effects on blood lipids and lipoproteins. Recently, many people have been participating in not only low- to moderate-intensity, but high-intensity exercise as well in order to improve their cardiovascular health. However, it is unclear whether high-intensity exercise, particularly resistance exercise, can positively influence blood lipids and lipoproteins. Purpose: The current study examined the effects of low- and high-intensity of resistance exercise on changes in blood lipids and lipoproteins. Methods: In a randomized, cross-over design, 10 healthy recreationally resistance-trained (at least 3 to 6 days per week for a minimum of one year) college-aged men participated in the study. The participants performed a lower body resistance exercise, consisting of the leg press and unilateral knee extension, at two different exercise intensities (low-intensity: 50% of 1-RM
Background Vascular dysfunction is a precursor to the atherosclerotic cascade, significantly increasing susceptibility to cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Previous studies have revealed a strong relationship between vascular function and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Thus, since high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a potent method of improving CRF, several small randomized trials have investigated the impact on vascular function of HIIT relative to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). Objective The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence and quantify the impact on vascular function of HIIT compared with MICT. Methods Three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE) were searched (until May 2014) for randomized trials comparing the effect of at least 2 weeks ofHIITandMICT on vascular function. HIIT protocols involved predominantly aerobic exercise at a high intensity, interspersed with active or passive recovery periods. We
TY - JOUR. T1 - No change in hemoglobin mass after 40 days of physical activity in previously untrained adults. AU - Eastwood, Annette. AU - Bourdon, Pitre. AU - Norton, Kevin. AU - Lewis, Nicole. AU - Snowden, K. AU - Gore, Christopher. PY - 2012/12. Y1 - 2012/12. N2 - A high hemoglobin mass (Hbmass) is associated with a high maximum aerobic power (VO2max), however, the extent to which Hbmass is influenced by training is currently unclear. Accordingly, this study monitored changes in Hbmass and VO2max in 12 previously untrained adults (aged 18-25 years) following 40 days of regular physical activity. Hbmass and VO2max were assessed at the start and end of a 40-day physical activity program, which comprised of approximately 40min of daily, moderate-intensity physical activity. Relative VO2max increased by 11.3%, yet there was no significant change in relative Hbmass (1.7%) and body mass (0.2%) during the 40-day period. There was a significant correlation between Hbmass and VO2max at the start of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of subsequent high-intensity interval training on vascular function and cardiovascular risk in ageing males. AU - Ratcliffe, John W.T.. AU - Sculthorpe, Nicholas. AU - Herbert, Peter. AU - Kilduff, Liam. AU - Hullin, Dave. AU - Hayes, Lawrence. AU - Baker, Julien S.. AU - New, Karl. AU - Grace, Fergal M.. PY - 2014/5. Y1 - 2014/5. N2 - Ageing is associated with an increased cardiovascular (CV) risk profile, including reduced vascular function and poorer blood lipid profiles. Lifelong exercise may help preserve these CV risk factors and recent evidence suggests high intensity interval training (HIIT) may have beneficial effects on these markers despite reductions in exercise duration and frequencyPURPOSE: To examine the effects of a 7 week HIIT training programme following an initial 6 week preconditioning (PC) plan on flow mediated dilation (FMD), blood lipids and blood pressure (BP) in ageing males.METHODS: Thirty-nine healthy aged males were assessed at baseline (A) and ...
Effect of aerobic physical exercise on the lipid profile in type 2 diabetic elderly women attended in a basic health unit in Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil
Concurrent exercise ; Resistance exercise ; High-intensity interval training ; Cellular signalling ; mRNA expression ; Satellite cells ; Interference ; Obesity ; Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Purpose: To identify whether the use of active recovery (ACT) the day after high-intensity interval training (HIIT) benefits recovery and to assess whether individual responses to ACT are repeatable. Methods: Eleven well-trained, male intermittent-sport athletes (age: 25.5 ± 1.8 y) completed 4 HIIT sessions, each separated by a 2-week washout period. Of the 4 sessions, 2 were followed by passive recovery (PAS) and 2 by 60 minutes of moderate biking (ACT) 24 hours postexercise in the following sequences: ACT→PAS→ACT→PAS or PAS→ACT→PAS→ACT. Before and after HIIT and after 24 and 48 hours of recovery, maximal voluntary isometric strength (MVIC), countermovement jump height (CMJ), tensiomyographic markers of muscle fatigue (TMG), serum concentration of creatine kinase (CK), muscle soreness (MS), and perceived stress state (PS) were determined. Results: A 3-way repeated-measure analysis of variance with a triple-nested random effects model revealed a significant (P , .05) fatigue-related ...
Brandon J. Sawyer, Wesley J. Tucker, Dharini M. Bhammar, Justin R. Ryder, Karen L. Sweazea, Glenn A. Gaesser. Effects of High-intensity Interval Training and Moderate-intensity Continuous Training on Endothelial Function and Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Obese Adults J Appl Physiol 121(1): 279-288, 2016; DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00024.2016. ...
Background: Recent studies have shown that increased circulating levels of adiponectin (AD) and high sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) were associated with higher mortality in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients (pts). Exercise training improves functional capacity, however, there are concerns regarding what exercise training intensity is better to improve inflammatory markers and overload hormones evaluated by brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in CHF.. Methods: 30 men, 54 ± 2 yrs (mean ± se), with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, functional class II-III, LVEF 28 ± 1%, peak oxygen consumption (VO2) = 17,4 ± 0,6 ml/kg/min were randomized into 3 groups: low intensity exercise training (LO) - 9 pts, high intensity exercise training (HI) -11 pts, and control (CO) - 10 pts, under optimal medical treatment. At baseline and at 6 months, all pts underwent maximal treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise testing, rest and peak BNP, rest hs-CRP and AD level and rest echocardiography (echo). Low ...
CASSIANO, Andressa do Nascimento et al. Effects of physical exercise on cardiovascular risk and quality of life in hypertensive elderly people. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2020, vol.25, n.6, pp.2203-2212. Epub June 03, 2020. ISSN 1678-4561. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020256.27832018.. The scope of this article is to evaluate the effects of a mixed protocol of physical exercises on cardiovascular risk (CVR), quality of life and the presence of depressive symptoms in elderly hypertensive patients. It involved a longitudinal, prospective and quasi-experimental study with 48 elderly individuals. A physical exercise protocol was developed for 16 weeks according to American College of Sports Medicine, and anthropometric variables (weight, height, body mass index and waist circumference), as well as biochemical variables (total cholesterol, LDL-c, HDL-c; triglycerides) were evaluated. The mean age was 66.5±4.8 years. The frequent CVR factors were dyslipidemia (58.3%) and sedentary ...
The following are the most common benefits of regular physical exercise:. Decrease Death Rate. As we all know, regular physical exercise keeps a person healthier than ever. The practice has healing power and can fight almost every problem in your body. It is therefore evident enough that a person will live longer if he has practically no illness. As per German Research Reports, doing regular exercise brings down the death rate of nearly 35%, and people can live up to 7 plus years. Is it not amazing?. Better Skin. You may have heard many people telling you that practicing yoga can make you look a lot younger than your actual age. The logical part of the whole saying is that any exercise helps you to sweat. Now while you are sweating, a lot of microbes and bacteria washes away from your skin, making it healthier. Also, physical activities help in improving blood circulation, making your skin glow more. Helps in Maintaining Body Postures and Balance. Exercising or working out helps to improve body ...
We identified 10 cohort studies on physical activity of moderate intensity and risk of type 2 diabetes, including a total of 301,221 participants and 9,367 incident cases. Table 1 shows the characteristics of the included studies. Fig. 1 shows the results for moderately intense physical activity and risk of type 2 diabetes with and without adjustment for BMI. For one study only BMI-unadjusted (13) and for one study only BMI-adjusted estimates were presented (22). The summary RR of type 2 diabetes without BMI adjustment was 0.69 (95% CI 0.58-0.83) for the highest as compared with the lowest category of moderate-intensity physical activity. The BMI-adjusted RR of diabetes was 0.83 (0.76-0.90). The P value for heterogeneity in study results was ,0.001 for the BMI-unadjusted and 0.24 for the BMI-adjusted estimates.. In five of the cohort studies the specific role of walking was examined (13,15,19,21,22). Figure 2 shows the results for walking and risk of type 2 diabetes. The BMI-unadjusted summary ...
While there are compelling observational data confirming that individuals who exercise are healthier, the efficacy of aerobic exercise interventions to reduce metabolic risk and improve insulin sensitivity in older people has not been fully elucidated. Furthermore, while low birth weight has been shown to predict adverse health outcomes later in life, its influence on the response to aerobic exercise is unknown. Our primary objective is to assess the efficacy of a fully supervised twelve week aerobic exercise intervention in reducing clustered metabolic risk in healthy older adults. A secondary objective is to determine the influence of low birth weight on the response to exercise in this group.We aim to recruit 100 participants born between 1931-1939, from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study and randomly assign them to no intervention or to 36 fully supervised one hour sessions on a cycle ergometer, over twelve weeks. Each participant will undergo detailed anthropometric and metabolic assessment pre- and
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of combined resistance aerobic exercise training on asprosin and complement C1q tumor necrosis factor-rel
Little is known about the patterns and influences of physical activity change in mid-aged adults. This study describes the design, sampling, data collection, and analytical plan of HABITAT, an innovative study of (i) physical activity change over five years (2007-2011) in adults aged 40-65 years at baseline, and (ii) the relative contribution of psychological variables, social support, neighborhood perceptions, area-level factors, and sociodemographic characteristics to physical activity change. HABITAT is a longitudinal multi-level study. 1625 Census Collection Districts (CCDs) in Brisbane, Australia were ranked by their index of relative socioeconomic disadvantage score, categorized into deciles, and 20 CCDs from each decile were selected to provide 200 local areas for study inclusion. From each of the 200 CCDs, dwellings with individuals aged between 40-65 years (in 2007) were identified using electoral roll data, and approximately 85 people per CCD were selected to participate (N = 17,000). A
Little is known about the patterns and influences of physical activity change in mid-aged adults. This study describes the design, sampling, data collection, and analytical plan of HABITAT, an innovative study of (i) physical activity change over five years (2007-2011) in adults aged 40-65 years at baseline, and (ii) the relative contribution of psychological variables, social support, neighborhood perceptions, area-level factors, and sociodemographic characteristics to physical activity change. HABITAT is a longitudinal multi-level study. 1625 Census Collection Districts (CCDs) in Brisbane, Australia were ranked by their index of relative socioeconomic disadvantage score, categorized into deciles, and 20 CCDs from each decile were selected to provide 200 local areas for study inclusion. From each of the 200 CCDs, dwellings with individuals aged between 40-65 years (in 2007) were identified using electoral roll data, and approximately 85 people per CCD were selected to participate (N = 17,000). A
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of an aerobic exercise program versus a strength training program in altering RR interval and blood pressure variability as indices of autonomic nervous system regulation of the cardiovascular system. Subjects will be tested at rest and in response to challenge.. This study will enroll healthy, young (age 18-45) sedentary individuals at Columbia University Medical Center and St. Johns University. At an initial screening visit, potential participants will be screened for exercise activity and will also undergo a test of aerobic capacity. Subjects will be eligible if they are not exercising regularly and do not exceed American Heart Association standards for average fitness (VO2max ≤ 43 and 37 ml/kg/min for men and women respectively). Exclusion criteria include current symptoms of affective disorder, psychosis, or substance abuse, current usage of psychotropic medication, and any medical condition that affected the autonomic nervous ...
Background: With improved survival rates, there are growing numbers of cancer survivors. These individuals report impaired physical functioning, anxiety and depressed mood, fatigue, and reduced quality of life after treatment. In addition, they may be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, obesity, osteoporosis and future cancers. Prior research has demonstrated that moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) can improve enhance physical functioning, reduce fatigue and improve vigor among cancer patients and those who have completed medical treatments. These efforts have not been integrated with the healthcare system. Data support the role of primary care providers in promoting PA among their sedentary patients; the role of oncologists in encouraging patients to become physically active has not been examined.. Objectives: This study aims at testing the efficacy of a PA intervention in an outpatient oncology setting. We plan to compare Brief Advice for PA (MD advice plus contact control) ...
This is a review of national health objectives and recommendations for physical activity and presents current information on public health guidelines for physical activity for adults, including a description of the most current U.S. guidelines for physical activity, contained in the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
The effects of a novel high intensity exercise intervention on established markers of cardiovascular disease and health in Scottish adolescent youth
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is frequently used in sports training. The effects on cardiorespiratory and muscle systems have led scientists to consider its application in the field of cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this review is to report the effects and interest of HIIT in pa …
Study aim: To assess the effects of aerobic training on body fat content and serum lipid profile.Material and methods: A group of 45 male members of Brazilian Military Police Academy, aged 18 - 32 years, were subjected randomly assigned into 3 subgroups and to 12-week programmes: aerobic fatmax zone training (FG; n = 18), traditional military training (TM; n = 15) and non-training control group (C; n = 12). Body fat content (3 skinfolds), serum lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides), waist circumference (WC) and O2max (12-min test) were determined.Results: O2max significantly (p,0.05) increased and body fat content decreased in both experimental group compared with the control one. Significant (p,0.05) reductions in WC and LDL vs. control group were observed in the TM group only.Conclusions: The applied aerobic training induced a decrease in percent body fat irrespectively of the kind of training ...
The Human Performance Laboratory within the Department of Exercise Science is currently seeking volunteers for a research project investigating how exercise affects the brain and blood vessels of middle-aged adults.. Who can volunteer?. We are looking for adults 45-64 years old, with normal or high blood pressure.. Am I eligible to participate?. Eligibility for this study will be determined through an online health survey that takes approximately 5 minutes to complete.. What will I have to do?. Email [email protected] to receive and fill out the online eligibility health survey, we will contact you if you qualify.. Visit the Human Performance Laboratory (room 306, Womens Building) on 3 occasions. Visit 1 (≈75 min): We will assess your health status during our comprehensive health screening.. We will give you a blood pressure and activity monitor to take home for a week.. Visit 2 (≈60 min): We will have you perform a cycling exercise test to measure your fitness.. Visit 3 (≈120 min): we ...
Low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) is emerging as a time-efficient exercise strategy for improving health and fitness. This form of exercise has not been tested in type 2 diabetes and thus we examined the effects of low-volume HIT on glucose regulation and skeletal muscle metabolic ca …
Adults -- Adults gain substantial health benefits from two and one half hours a week of moderate intensity aerobic physical activity, or one hour and 15 minutes of vigorous physical activity. Walking briskly, water aerobics, ballroom dancing and general gardening are examples of moderate intensity aerobic activities. Vigorous intensity aerobic activities include racewalking, jogging or running, swimming laps, jumping rope and hiking uphill or with a heavy backpack. Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of at least 10 minutes. For more extensive health benefits, adults should increase their aerobic physical activity to five hours a week moderate-intensity or two and one half hours a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity. Adults should incorporate muscle strengthening activities, such as weight training, push-ups, sit-ups and carrying heavy loads or heavy gardening, at least two days a week ...
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) helps to improve a person s fitness by decreasing exercise time and by simultaneously increasing metabolism.
Both weight training and exercise affect the production of ghrelin, but only aerobic exercise affects the role of peptide. As a result, aerobic exercise generally has a stronger effect on decreasing hunger.. Anaerobic vs. aerobic. Lets start with a definition of aerobic and anaerobic exercises. Aerobic exercises are exercises that are vigorous and require a lot of air. Anaerobic exercises require less cardiovascular effort and more intramuscular effort.. So basically, aerobic exercises include activities like running, walking, bicycling and swimming. Anaerobic exercises mostly involve weight training, sit-ups and pushups.. Generally, aerobic exercise is the type of exercise turned to in order to lose weight. But the obese will lose the most weight if they combine both anaerobic and aerobic exercises.. This is because muscles must pull calories away from the body in order to continue to grow and repair themselves.. Unless youre eating several hamburgers a day, your muscles will eventually need ...
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of acute high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared with continuous moderate-intensity (CMI) exercise on postprandial hyperglycemia in overweight or obese adults. Ten inactive, overweight or obese adults (41 ± 11 yrs, BMI = 36 ± 7 kg/m2) performed an acute bout of HIIT (10 × 1 min at approximately 90% peak heart rate (HRpeak) with 1-min recovery periods) or matched work CMI (30 min at approximately 65% HRpeak) in a randomized, counterbalanced fashion. Exercise was performed 2 h after breakfast, and glucose control was assessed by continuous glucose monitoring under standardized dietary conditions over 24 h. Postprandial glucose (PPG) responses to lunch, dinner, and the following days breakfast were analyzed and compared with a no-exercise control day. Exercise did not affect the PPG responses to lunch, but performing both HIIT and CMI in the morning significantly reduced the PPG incremental area under the curve (AUC) following dinner ...
Aerobic Exercise Training May Not Offset the Pro-inflammatory Effects of a High Fat Feeding. Katie C. Carpenter, Lisa Esposito, Kelley A. Strohacker, Richard J. Simpson, Brian K. McFarlin. University of Houston, Houston, TX Increased adiposity is associated with an increase in systemic inflammation, which is involved in the pathophysiology of various disease states. A current hypothesis in our laboratory suggests that the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) pathway may link physical activity and systemic inflammation. PURPOSE: The primary purpose was to determine if 6-weeks of aerobic exercise training (5 days per week, 1 hour per day. 21-22m/min) would limit the increase in systemic inflammation resulting from high-fat (60% of calories from fat) feeding. A secondary purpose was to determine if changes in cell-surface TLR4 expression would account for observed differences in inflammatory status between mice which exercise and those that remain sedentary. METHODS: 36 CD-1 male mice were randomly assigned to one
Health,New York:Regular light exercise with a doctors permission is good at ...Scientists examined chemical compounds in 41 tissue samples taken fr...More active rats were found to have fewer byproducts of oxidative st... The DNA for of these animals after two years looked as if it were ... By age of 50 years almost everyone has mild memory deficits. If th...,Regular,light,exercise,slows,down,aging,of,the,brain,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
High-intensity interval training has a multitude of health benefits. Can it even slow cellular aging? Heres what new research shows.
1. Regular aerobic exercise causes cardiovascular, neural, humoral and metabolic changes. Many of these are likely to influence cardiovascular risk and the changes vary according to the level and duration of increased physical activity.. 2. The case for exercise exerting beneficial effects derives from epidemiological data showing that sedentary subjects have, on average, double the risk of cardiovascular disease of active individuals. Post-infarct rehabilitation studies are also consistent with a beneficial effect of exercise. Large randomized controlled intervention studies have not been performed.. 3. These benefits may be due to the effects of regular exercise on risk factors, direct effects on atheromatous vessels, or improvement in survivability in established coronary heart disease by reducing arrythmias or increasing tolerance of ischaemia.. 4. There are direct effects of regular exercise on blood pressure (BP) and lipid profiles. These occur at different levels of physical activity. ...
Get this from a library! Science and application of high-intensity interval training : solutions to the programming puzzle. [Paul Laursen; Martin Buchheit;]
see also https://youtu.be/F4mcbi9tD-M) Exercising is probably not top of mind as we struggle with how to protect ourselves, our families, and our communities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Perhaps it should be, because physical activity can be a valuable tool for controlling COVID-19 infections and maintaining quality of life. Physical activity is one of the most powerful forces for good health. Physical activity helps prevent and/or treat many physical and mental health conditions by improving functioning of numerous physiological systems. (Powell et al., 2018) In this piece we explain how harnessing the salutogenic power of physical activity could help ease the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic in four ways. First, physical activity has potential to reduce the severity of COVID-19 infections. This is related to what happens in the lungs during an infection. The immune system detects the virus invader in the lungs and attacks it. The conflict between the virus and immune cells creates ...
Authors: Friedenreich CM, Woolcott CG, McTiernan A, Ballard-Barbash R, Brant RF, Stanczyk FZ, Terry T, Boyd NF, Yaffe MJ, Irwin ML, Jones CA, Yasui Y, Campbell KL, McNeely ML, Karvinen KH, Wang Q, Courneya KS. Title: Alberta physical activity and breast cancer prevention trial: sex hormone changes in a year-long exercise intervention among postmenopausal women.. Journal: J Clin Oncol 28(9):1458-66. Date: 2010 Mar 20. Abstract: PURPOSE: We examined how an aerobic exercise intervention influenced circulating estradiol, estrone, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), androstenedione, and testosterone levels, which may be involved in the association between physical activity and breast cancer risk. METHODS: A two-center, two-arm randomized controlled trial of exercise was conducted in 320 postmenopausal, sedentary women age 50 to 74 years. Participants were randomly assigned to a 1-year aerobic exercise intervention of 225 min/wk (n = 160) or to a control group who maintained their usual level of ...
Physical activity[edit]. When combining exercise with exposure to loud noises, humans have been observed to experience a long ... Miani C, Bertino G, Francescato M, di Prampero P, Staffieri A. Temporary Threshold Shift Induced by Physical Exercise. ... temporary threshold shift as well.[9] Physical activity also results in an increase in metabolic activity, which has already ...
The optimal exercise routine, use of noninvasive ventilation during exercise, and intensity of exercise suggested for people ... Physical activity limitation[edit]. COPD often leads to reduction in physical activity, in part due to shortness of breath.[33] ... Exercise[edit]. Pulmonary rehabilitation is a program of exercise, disease management, and counseling, coordinated to benefit ... Exercise-induced. Bronchiectasis. Cystic fibrosis. unspecified. Bronchitis. Bronchiolitis Bronchiolitis obliterans. Diffuse ...
Physical activity[edit]. A 2005 systematic review found no relationship between the amount of physical activity and the risk of ... Lacorte E, Ferrigno L, Leoncini E, Corbo M, Boccia S, Vanacore N (July 2016). "Physical activity, and physical activity related ... Lui AJ, Byl NN (June 2009). "A Systematic Review of the Effect of Moderate Intensity Exercise on Function and Disease ... Veldink JH, Kalmijn S, Groeneveld GJ, Titulaer MJ, Wokke JH, van den Berg LH (January 2005). "Physical activity and the ...
Exercise-induced autophagy was unsuccessful however; but when autophagy was induced artificially post-exercise, the ... Exercise[edit]. Autophagy is essential for basal homeostasis; it is also extremely important in maintaining muscle homeostasis ... Both studies demonstrate that autophagy induction may contribute to the beneficial metabolic effects of exercise and that it is ... these mice illustrated a decrease in endurance and an altered glucose metabolism during acute exercise.[71] ...
Exercise and fatigue[edit]. A low-carbohydrate diet has been found to reduce endurance capacity for intense exercise efforts, ... Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the American Heart Association". Circulation. 104 (15): 1869-74. doi:10.1161/hc4001.096152 ... "Diet composition and the performance of high-intensity exercise". J Sports Sci (Review). 15 (3): 265-75. doi:10.1080/ ...
Exercise. Main article: Exercise. Physical exercise enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It ... "4 Types of Exercise". Go4Life, National Institute on Aging, US National Institutes of Health. 15 May 2014.. ... According to the National Institutes of Health, there are four types of exercise: endurance, strength, flexibility, and balance ... The information gleaned from personal observations of daily living - such as about sleep patterns, exercise behavior, ...
Exercise, sport and physical activity. Physical activity can influence people's psychological[193] and physical health.[194] ... They recommend a discussion with a doctor before starting an exercise program.[195] ... The U.S. National Center for PTSD recommends moderate exercise as a way to distract from disturbing emotions, build self-esteem ...
Long-term endurance exercise that far exceeds the recommended amount of exercise (e.g., long-distance cycling or marathon ... Exercise stress testing[edit]. Some individuals with atrial fibrillation do well with normal activity but develop shortness of ... Regular aerobic exercise improves atrial fibrillation symptoms and AF-related quality of life.[15] The effect of high-intensity ... An exercise stress test will evaluate the individual's heart rate response to exertion and determine if the AV node blocking ...
Response to exercise[edit]. The changes that occur to the myofilament in response to exercise have long been a subject of ... While the exact mechanism of myofilament alteration in response to exercise is still being studied in mammals, some interesting ... This study provides evidence of the mechanisms for both immediate and delayed myofilament response to exercise at the molecular ... Other promising areas of research that may illumine the exact molecular nature of exercise-induced protein remodeling in muscle ...
Diet and exercise. Main article: Diet and cancer. Diet, physical inactivity and obesity are related to up to 30-35% of cancer ... Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths.[2] Another 10% are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity ... Tobacco, obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, excessive alcohol, certain infections[2][3]. ... people who exercise far more than average have lower levels of these hormones and lower risk of cancer.[69] Osteosarcoma may be ...
"Exercise High Walk", more commonly known as the Fan Dance, is part of the Fitness and Navigation phase of the selection process ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fan_Dance_(exercise)&oldid=868152126" ...
Exercise performance enhancement[edit]. Trisodium phosphate has gained a following as a nutritional supplement that can improve ... certain parameters of exercise performance.[15] The basis of this belief is the fact that phosphate is required for the energy- ...
Exercise[edit]. Exercise has been thought to reduce postmenopausal symptoms through the increase of endorphin levels, which ... While one review found that there was a lack of quality evidence supporting a benefit of exercise,[87] another review ... Grindler NM, Santoro NF (December 2015). "Menopause and exercise". Menopause. 22 (12): 1351-8. doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000000536 ... Osteoporosis can be minimized by smoking cessation, adequate vitamin D intake and regular weight-bearing exercise. The ...
The report also noted that a focus on exercise programs had discouraged patient participation in other types of physical ... Exercise therapy[edit]. In 2017, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended light exercises and stretching ... As with CBT, patient organisations have long criticised the use of exercise therapy, most notably GET, as a treatment for CFS.[ ... The Cochrane review also noted that research was inconclusive as to which, if any, type of exercise therapy was superior, and ...
Exercise of powers[edit]. The exercise by the board of directors of its powers usually occurs in board meetings. Most legal ... Directors must exercise their powers for a proper purpose. While in many instances an improper purpose is readily evident, such ... If powers of management are vested in the directors, they and they alone can exercise these powers. The only way in which the ... Because directors exercise control and management over the organization, but organizations are (in theory) run for the benefit ...
Since physical activity impacts all of these important parts of the brain, this form of exercise keeps the neural networks ... Physical activity[edit]. This section relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this section by adding ... memory to see what they were retaining and to observe the difference if available of low physical activity versus high physical ... came back indicating that the children without physical activity have a later recall process than the children with physical ...
Exercise. Regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy appears to improve (or maintain) physical fitness.[125] Physical exercise ... "Aerobic exercise for women during pregnancy". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3 (3): CD000180. doi:10.1002/14651858. ... The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reports that in the past, the main concerns of exercise in pregnancy ... Domenjoz, I; Kayser, B; Boulvain, M (October 2014). "Effect of physical activity during pregnancy on mode of delivery". ...
American Council on Exercise. Retrieved 27 March 2011.. *^ a b c d Brown SP (2000). Introduction to exercise science. ... During this exercise the hips are lowered repeatedly, and the appearance of this exercise lead to its name.[39] ... The loaded squat jump is a form of loaded plyometric exercise used to increase explosive power. Variations of this exercise may ... Bodyweight exercise. Calisthenics. Weightlifting. Plyometrics. Weight training (List of exercises). Gym. Legend. (c) - compound ...
Physical exercise[edit]. Individuals with low levels of physical activity are at risk for high levels of oxidative stress, as ... It has been claimed that this relationship, characterized by positive effects at an intermediate dose of the stressor (exercise ... Radak, Zsolt; Chung, Hae Y.; Koltai, Erika; Taylor, Albert W.; Goto, Sataro (2008). "Exercise, oxidative stress and hormesis". ... Exercise is a paradigm for hormesis in this respect.[16] Some of the mild stresses used for such studies on the application of ...
Physical activity[edit]. There is insufficient evidence to recommend either exercise[47] or strict bedrest[48] as preventive ... Meher S, Duley L (2006). Meher S (ed.). "Exercise or other physical activity for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications ...
Exercise[edit]. Exercises that enhance back strength may also be used to prevent back injuries. Back exercises include the ...
But anaerobic exercise does increase resting energy consumption (see "aerobic vs. anaerobic exercise").[5] Illness, previously ... anaerobic exercise[edit]. Studies published in 1992[19] and 1997[20] indicate that the level of aerobic fitness of an ... "Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 46 (7): 1352-1358. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000232. PMC 4535334 . PMID 24300125.. ... McArdle, William D. (1986). Exercise Physiology (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lea & Febigier.. [page needed] ...
Effect of vigorous exercise[edit]. When running, breasts may move three-dimensionally: vertically, horizontally and laterally, ... Since breasts are an external organ and do not contain muscle, exercise cannot improve their shape. They are not protected from ... at reducing total breast motion during exercise. Encapsulation bras reduce motion in two of the three planes, while compression ... discounted as causes affecting ptosis are weight gain during pregnancy and lack of participation in regular upper body exercise ...
Health through sport and exercise. Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine.. *^ "Why ACSM?". American College of Sports Medicine ... SEM physicians are frequently involved in promoting the therapeutic benefits of physical activity, exercise and sport for the ... Sports medicine, also known as sport and exercise medicine (SEM), is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and ... Exercise medicine[edit]. The Foresight Report[1] issued by the UK's Government Office for Science, 17 October 2007, highlighted ...
Exercise[edit]. Horses with navicular syndrome need a less intense work schedule. Their fitness can be maintained through slow ... Regular exercise on hard or irregular ground increases concussion on the hoof, thus increasing the risk of navicular syndrome. ...
For pets, specialized folding fencing referred to as an exercise pen, x-pen, or ex pen, is used to surround an area, usually ... Exercise pens are usually made of sturdy wire, but can also be plastic or wood. ... Horses, during training, are often exercised in a round pen, sometimes referred to as an exercise pen. ...
This is now a common practise and is most often referred to as "training to failure". LaLanne moved from exercise to exercise ... He marketed exercise equipment, a range of vitamin supplements, and two models of electric juicers.[19] These include the " ... LaLanne summed up his philosophy about good nutrition and exercise: " Dying is easy. Living is a pain in the butt. It's like an ... You've got to exercise. Your health account, your bank account, they're the same thing. The more you put in, the more you can ...
A pushdown is a strength training exercise used for strengthening the triceps muscles in the back of the arm. The exercise is ... Bodyweight exercise. Calisthenics. Weightlifting. Plyometrics. Weight training (List of exercises). Gym. Legend. (c) - compound ... This exercise is an example of the primary function of the triceps, extension of the elbow joint. It is a little-known fact ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pushdown_(exercise)&oldid=774001697" ...
Development of the Bagot Stack Exercise System[edit]. "Seal" posture from Building the Body Beautiful, the Bagot Stack Stretch- ... This also fitted with ideas developing across Europe at the time of the benefits to women of exercise and changes in clothes ... Her inspiration for developing her own exercise system came from a short time in India, where she observed the differences in ... This initially involved 12 sequences of exercise designed to train the body in accordance with the seven principles of the ...
Does muscle weigh more than fat? Do you need extra protein if you exercise? Take the quiz and find out how to lower the risk of ... heart disease and other problems with cardio (aerobic) exercise and strength training. ... Here is what works: a full-body exercise routine that builds lean muscle all over. The best plan for this is regular exercise, ... home/health & living center/exercise & fitness a-z list/quizzes a-z list/exercise and fitness quiz: test your iq ...
Compulsive exercise can lead to serious health problems. Lots of people dont know when theyve crossed the line from healthy ... What Is Compulsive Exercise?. Compulsive exercise (sometimes called exercise addiction) happens when a person is driven to ... Regular exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. But athletes may be driven to exercise more and more to improve ... How Is Compulsive Exercise Diagnosed?. It can be hard to diagnosis compulsive exercise. There is no agreement on how much ...
Water-based Exercise and Mental Health Water-based exercise improves mental health. Swimming can improve mood in both men and ... Water-based Exercise and Older Adults Water-based exercise can benefit older adults by improving the quality of life and ... Water-based Exercise and Chronic Illness Water-based exercise can help people with chronic diseases. For people with arthritis ... People report enjoying water-based exercise more than exercising on land 4. They can also exercise longer in water than on land ...
Adding Physical Activity to Your Lifeplus icon *Making Physical Activity a Part of a Childs Life ... Find out how exercise can support physical and mental health from the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2nd edition ... Some physical activity is better than none. Adults who sit less and do any amount of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical ... Physical activity is anything that gets your body moving. According to the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2nd ...
LJMUs Exercise Physiology MSc is geared towards both classical physiology and research at the forefront of molecular exercise ... studies at a doctoral level for academic and professional development or if you aspire to a professional career in exercise ... LJMUs Exercise Physiology MSc is geared towards both classical physiology and research at the forefront of molecular exercise ... I am passionate about the Exercise Physiology programme and, in particular, I love teaching my module on molecular exercise ...
... when to exercise and how to get started. ... for patients with arthritis on the benefits of exercise, best ... Where to exercise. The best place to exercise is a personal choice. Some people prefer to exercise in the comfort, convenience ... Exercise and Arthritis Fast Facts. *Physical activity is made up of daily tasks, both occupational and leisure activities that ... When to exercise. Finding the right time of day to exercise will help you establish a routine and obtain the greatest benefits ...
Fikenzer, S., Uhe, T., Lavall, D. et al. Effects of surgical and FFP2/N95 face masks on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity. Clin ... Effects of surgical and FFP2/N95 face masks on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity. *Sven Fikenzer. ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0001- ... Both masks have a marked negative impact on exercise parameters such as maximum power output (Pmax) and the maximum oxygen ... Ventilation, cardiopulmonary exercise capacity and comfort are reduced by surgical masks and highly impaired by FFP2/N95 face ...
... examining the effect of exercise on BDNF levels in three exercise paradigms: (1) a single session of exercise, (2) a session of ... Excessive exercise[edit]. Too much exercise can be harmful. Without proper rest, the chance of stroke or other circulation ... Lay summary - Exercise may improve thinking ability and memory (27 December 2017). In patients with MCI, exercise training (6 ... Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes the body to use more oxygen than it would ...
PA: physical activity. View this figure. Effect of Different Levels of Personalized Advice on Objective Physical Activity. ... your physical activity level is too low; improving your physical activity level will help you to reduce your weight. Your ... Objectively Measured Physical Activity. Objective Physical Activity Monitoring. Habitual PA was assessed objectively using the ... Hallal P, Andersen L, Bull F, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. Global physical ...
Central site for Exercise 24 large scale humanitarian aid and disaster relief (HA/DR) exercise to be held on September 24 and ... A second exercise, X24 Europe, was held from March 28-31, 2011. X24 Europe transcended all expectations in its ability to form ... Exercise 24 (X24) México is the third iteration of a primarily virtual, open-invitation, humanitarian assistance and disaster ... All verbal and email communications related to X24 México during this event will include "This is an EXERCISE and not an actual ...
Many people dont realize how easy it is to burn calories and create an energy deficit by adding physical activity to their ... Physical activity is very important to maintaining good health, and it helps to burn calories. ... If you exercise at a higher intensity level, you will burn more calories. ...
Exercise physiology is the physiology of physical exercise. It is one of the allied health professions that involves the study ... Exercise equipment is any apparatus or device used during physical activity to enhance the strength or conditioning effects of ... Aerobics is a form of physical exercise that combines rhythmic aerobic exercise with stretching and strength training routines ... In healthy adults, aerobic exercise has been shown to induce transient effects on cognition after a single exercise session and ...
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From Middle English exercise, from Old French exercise, from Latin exercitium. Pronunciation[edit]. *(Received Pronunciation) ... exercise in Websters Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.. *exercise in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y ... intransitive) To perform physical activity for health or training. I exercise at the gym every day. ... Russian: упражне́ние (ru) n (upražnénije) (a specific exercise), заря́дка (ru) f (zarjádka), физзаря́дка (ru) f (fizzarjádka), ...
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Following exercise, the resting energy expenditure (i.e., EPOC) was significantly elevated for 14 hours post-exercise, which ... Mann, T.N., Webster, C., Lamberts, R.P., & Lambert, M.I. (2014). Effect of exercise intensity on post-exercise oxygen ... The increase of energy expenditure following exercise is referred to as excess post-exercise oxygen consumption, or EPOC (See ... These recent studies demonstrate that high intensity exercise and/or a combination of higher exercise intensity with duration ...
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Like anyone else, kids with diabetes are healthier if they get plenty of exercise. ... Diabetes doesnt have to get in the way of exercise and sports competition. ... Sports, Exercise, and Diabetes. Resources. Please Note: By clicking a link to any resource listed on this page, you will be ... American Council on Exercise (ACE). http://www.acefitness.org ACE promotes active, healthy lifestyles by setting certification ...
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  • Starting off slowly with a few, low-intensity exercises will help to ensure a safe and successful exercise program. (rheumatology.org)
  • In most cases, participating in recreational exercise does not do away with the need for therapeutic exercises. (rheumatology.org)
  • [ citation needed ] 'Dynamic' exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • An exercise "circuit" is one completion of all prescribed exercises in the program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traditionally, the time between exercises in circuit training is short, often with rapid movement to the next exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Browse a list of links to websites offering information on exercise for breast cancer survivors, including warm-up and stretching exercises. (breastcancer.org)
  • Nancy Campbell, MS, an exercise physiologist with Dana-Farber's Adult Survivorship Program, provides some tips and exercises that can help manage the symptoms of neuropathy. (slideshare.net)
  • The term NATO Military Exercise includes all exercises for which NATO is the initiating or the joint initiating authority. (nato.int)
  • The exercises are executed in three forms: a Live Exercise (LIVEX), Command Post Exercise (CPX), or an Exercise Study. (nato.int)
  • Any resistance exercise training program must be accompanied by a comprehensive stretching and flexibility routine, both as a part of the warm up/cool down aspect to a particular workout, as well as those stretching exercises conducted on a daily basis. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Once the person is comfortable with the movements to complete the exercises, the training should become more focused, with planned sessions that move from one exercise to another with defined recovery periods between each set. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The National Exercise Program (NEP) is a two-year cycle of exercises across the nation that examine and validate capabilities in all preparedness mission areas. (fema.gov)
  • FEMA's National Exercise Division administers the NEP on behalf of the federal government, facilitating the design, coordination, conduct, evaluation and analysis of NEP exercises. (fema.gov)
  • As a culmination of each NEP cycle, the National Exercise Division leads a biennial National Level Exercise that builds off of exercises and other preparedess activities conducted during the cycle. (fema.gov)
  • If desired, receive technical assistance and support for your exercises from experienced exercise specialists through the National Exercise Division. (fema.gov)
  • Support could include assistance with exercise design, scenario development, planning, conduct, and evaluation in the form of subject-matter expertise, material production, or facilitation for selected exercises. (fema.gov)
  • It will be helpful, as we proceed to Emotional Exercise 3, to review both exercises again. (selfgrowth.com)
  • As for exercise routines you did before surgery, some exercises shouldn't be done until any drains and stitches are removed. (breastcancer.org)
  • Having said that, it is still important to do some strengthening and toning exercise and obviously to include exercises that make use of the muscle groups in your abdominal area. (news24.com)
  • In this ACE LiveClass led by Justin Robinson, a Registered Sports Dietitian and the co-founder of Venn Performance Coaching, we will take a 3-dimensional approach to the ACE Integrated Fitness Training® (ACE IFT®) Model-moving away from focusing on the types of exercises to include and begin focusing on the strategy/approach to exercise selection. (acefitness.org)
  • Why is there such a limited selection of exercises in the list for the exercise tracker? (medhelp.org)
  • Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types, depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes the body to use more oxygen than it would while resting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exercise may also refer to: Mental exercise, activity for mental fitness Military exercise, a military training activity Exercise (mathematics), training unit in mathematics Exercise (options), a financial or contracting term The Exercise, a 1968 play by Lewis John Carlino Exercises (album), by Nazareth Workout (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • LJMU's Exercise Physiology MSc is geared towards both classical physiology and research at the forefront of molecular exercise physiology. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • There has never been a more exciting time to undertake an MSc in Exercise Physiology. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • This Masters programme is ideal if you want to go on to specialise in physiology-related studies at a doctoral level for academic and professional development or if you aspire to a professional career in exercise physiology. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • During your studies you will be provided with detailed knowledge of physiology applied to sport and exercise contexts. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • designed to extend your knowledge beyond 'classical' exercise physiology studies and into the new arena of molecular exercise physiology. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • Cutting-edge research in Exercise Physiology relies heavily on molecular techniques and it is imperative that future graduates are able to contribute to this high-impact area of exercise science. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • Like nutrition and exercise, sleep is an essential ingredient of a healthy lifestyle, says Zee, also a professor of neurology, neurobiology, and physiology at Northwestern's Feinberg School of Medicine. (webmd.com)
  • However, in actuality many students with undergraduate degrees in HES are also qualified to excel in many clinical and allied health professions ranging from physical therapists and health promotion specialists to surgeons, or pursue graduate degrees in exercise physiology and health promotion. (ou.edu)
  • Health and exercise science students learn the skills needed to enter into these and many other exciting fields or to continue their education and receive master's or doctoral degrees in exercise physiology or health promotion or in the allied health professions. (ou.edu)
  • All the faculty in the department specialize in the areas of exercise physiology or health promotion. (ou.edu)
  • Housed in the department are several state-of-the-art laboratories used by faculty and students to work on a wide range of research projects that are subdivided into health promotion and exercise physiology. (ou.edu)
  • Exercise physiology is the study of the physiological mechanisms that regulate and contribute to physical activity and movement. (ou.edu)
  • Our exercise physiology faculty and students engage in projects that include: muscle, nerve, bone, endocrine, and cardiovascular physiology and body composition. (ou.edu)
  • If majors wish to continue their education, they can pursue Master of Science or Doctor of Philosophy degrees in exercise physiology or health promotion. (ou.edu)
  • Health and exercise science is a truly versatile degree that can provide a strong academic background and provide students with an abundance of opportunities to gain critical knowledge and experiences to prepare them for future careers or continued education in graduate programs like exercise physiology, health promotion, and public health and/or professional healthcare programs. (ou.edu)
  • Additionally, students are competitive for admission to graduation programs in the areas of exercise physiology, health promotion, and public health, as well as securing employment in strength and conditioning, health and wellness education, fitness and recreation, and medical/pharmaceutical sales. (ou.edu)
  • Our graduates are highly successful in pursuing graduate programs in physical therapy, occupational therapy, exercise physiology, and athletic training, as well as other health, physical activity, research, and rehabilitative professions. (wku.edu)
  • Elon's exercise science curriculum begins with fostering a solid understanding of anatomy, chemistry and physiology. (elon.edu)
  • Students then apply theories learned to courses in biomechanics, bioenergetics, exercise/sport psychology, neuromotor control, and physiology of exercise, expanding their knowledge base by exploring how the body moves and responses to exercise across various populations. (elon.edu)
  • Dr. Barry Beedle , has been with Elon University for 37 years and is currently transitioning to retirement and focusing on his passion for teaching in the area of Exercise Physiology. (elon.edu)
  • Courses cover anything from exercise physiology to the relationship between sport and the media. (bath.ac.uk)
  • A new study published in the American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology explored the effects of exercise on growth and hormone regulation in gilthead sea bream ( Sparus aurata ). (scienceblogs.com)
  • Students enrolled in Marshall University's Exercise Science Programs obtain hands-on experiences with exercise physiology and fitness assessment within our state of the art Exercise Physiology Laboratories (MUEPL) and through internship opportunities in Applied or Clinical Exercise Physiology. (marshall.edu)
  • Cardio exercise and strength training impact our metabolic hormones in different ways. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The new insight from their findings, he explains, is "that strength training and cardio exercise affect FGF hormones differently. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It gives you the cardio exercise you need. (bellaonline.com)
  • Experts recommend daily cardio exercise combined with two to three strength-training sessions a week and a healthy diet. (acefitness.org)
  • Walking is an easy cardio exercise that gets your body moving. (breastcancer.org)
  • Learn what you can do and when and how to stick to your exercise routine. (breastcancer.org)
  • Ask him/her for a referral to an occupational or physical therapist , who can help you customize an exercise routine based on your age, present fitness level, and any limitations caused by cancer or its treatment. (cancercare.org)
  • Some women establish an exercise routine before getting pregnant. (familydoctor.org)
  • Conversely, when the range of motion in the athlete is more limited, the desired form necessary to execute the particular routine may be absent, which will both limit the effectiveness of the exercise and increase the risk of musculoskeletal injury. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Reflecting on your routine also helps you discover your exercise preferences - such as if you like staying with a few favorite activities or crave variety. (kidshealth.org)
  • Do you ever get a little flustered because you've let your exercise routine become unorganized? (bellaonline.com)
  • The longer the break the harder it will to get back into your exercise routine. (bellaonline.com)
  • During the holidays are you concerned about gaining weight and maintaining your exercise routine? (bellaonline.com)
  • If you have an exercise routine, stick to it up to the time of your surgery. (breastcancer.org)
  • The latest research shows that a regular exercise routine can make you happier, smarter, and more energetic. (brookings.edu)
  • Over a shorter time-frame, an exercise routine can give you more energy throughout the day. (brookings.edu)
  • To get into an exercise routine, I suggest in my new book, Extreme Productivity , that you organize a group of friends or family to work out together to keep you honest. (brookings.edu)
  • see 108th Guards Kuban Cossack Air Assault Regiment Zapad 1999 exercise Zapad 2009 exercise Zapad 2017 exercise Vostok 2010 Vostok 2018 This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Exercise Zapad. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regular moderate exercise even has been found to improve cartilage health in individuals at risk for developing knee OA. (rheumatology.org)
  • Moderate exercise for as little as 30 minutes a day can help you shed pounds, provided you cut calories, too. (newsweek.com)
  • Over the course of a year, women who engaged in short-duration moderate exercise (they worked out up to 30 minutes per day) lost almost as much weight as women who exercised longer and more vigorously. (newsweek.com)
  • euphoria and has been shown to be addictive), positively influence hormone production (i.e., increase testosterone and growth hormone), benefits that are not as fully realized with moderate exercise. (mcgill.ca)
  • Researchers discovered young gilthead seam bream that underwent sustained moderate exercise for 5 weeks gained more weight than fish that were not exercised. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Older people who walk regularly and take other forms of moderate exercise have a significantly lower risk of vascular dementia, a new study suggests. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Water-based exercise can benefit older adults by improving the quality of life and decreasing disability 15 . (cdc.gov)
  • Physical exercise at a rate of at least two hours a week can help older adults keep their minds sharp, a new research study has found. (aarp.org)
  • The researchers say the study is the first to examine the effect of aerobic exercise on insomnia in middle-aged and older adults. (webmd.com)
  • Her research interests include investigating the impact of various programming techniques to promote exercise behavior for health in children and older adults, and the nutritional and exercise patterns of college students. (elon.edu)
  • Exercise and physical activity are good for just about everyone, including older adults. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A person who continues to exercise in spite of injury, health problems, or poor relationships may have an exercise addiction. (kidshealth.org)
  • Water-based exercise can improve the health of mothers and their unborn children and has a positive effect on the mothers' mental health 13 . (cdc.gov)
  • A health professional's guide to exercise prescription for people with arthritis: a review of aerobic fitness activities. (cdc.gov)
  • Find out how exercise can support physical and mental health from the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans , 2nd edition pdf icon [PDF-15.2MB] external icon . (cdc.gov)
  • Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can contribute to maintaining a healthy weight, regulating digestive health, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like them, I've learnt that more days without exercise can make a big difference to my health and immunity without affecting my fitness. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The findings reinforce prior studies that show a direct link between exercise and brain health . (aarp.org)
  • Zee says that exercise is good for metabolism , weight management , and cardiovascular health. (webmd.com)
  • For example, adjusting work organization to allow appropriate time slots for physical activity can be very effective, especially if it is part of a wider campaign on health promotion at the workplace, including information, education and other measures to create a social environment which is conducive to physical activity and exercise. (ilo.org)
  • The perception of health and exercise science has been that students are trained solely to become strength coaches, personal trainers, and physical education teachers. (ou.edu)
  • The Department of Health and Exercise Science at OU is one of the few interdisciplinary programs and one of the largest in the College of Arts and Sciences. (ou.edu)
  • The program integrates the biological, physiological, medical, social, and behavioral sciences as they relate to physiological responses to exercise and other aspects of human health and lifestyle behavior. (ou.edu)
  • Many of OU's Health and Exercise Sciences students choose to continue their education after receiving their bachelor's degrees and enter fields such as medicine, health education, physical therapy, dietetics, public health, or nursing. (ou.edu)
  • A health and exercise science student graduates with a Bachelor of Science in health and exercise science degree. (ou.edu)
  • A minor in health and exercise science also exists for students pursuing degrees in other areas. (ou.edu)
  • How can OU Health and Exercise Science help me? (ou.edu)
  • The majority of students earning a Bachelor of Science in health and exercise science are poised to be successful in gaining admission to professional and allied health programs such as medicine, physician assistant, physical and occupational therapy, dietetics, dentistry, and nursing. (ou.edu)
  • If you are a couch potato, have couch-potato tendencies or just plain dislike working out, it must be frustrating to keep hearing how good exercise is for your health. (newsweek.com)
  • Research shows that you can begin to tap into the health benefits of exercise through many forms of physical activity-using "exercise snacks" that last as little as 10 minutes at a time. (newsweek.com)
  • You'll also maintain cardiovascular health, just as a non-pregnant woman would, says Raul Artal, MD, professor and chair of the obstetrics, gynecology, and women's health department at Saint Louis University School of Medicine and principal author of the guidelines for exercise during pregnancy published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (webmd.com)
  • Resistance training , a form of exercise that is essential for overall health and fitness as well as for athletic performance. (britannica.com)
  • This Human Movement Specialization should appeal to students with broad vocational interests in kinesiology, physical education, exercise, sport, allied health and medical fields, and sports medicine. (bgsu.edu)
  • Health professionals can also help you find exercise programs in your community, such as yoga, Tai Chi, qigong, and other gentle movement classes that are tailored to cancer survivors . (cancercare.org)
  • She has a strong background in clinical exercise programming and health education. (elon.edu)
  • She coordinates three programs offered on campus for children in 4th -7th grade which provide physical activity programming, health education and mentoring relationships with Elon student volunteers, and teaches exercise classes in the Faculty/Staff Wellness program. (elon.edu)
  • We all read & hear how exercise, in general, is beneficial to all for better health & it is even more apparent to me that it is an invaluable weapon in helping me deal not only with cancer related symptoms, but with achieving an overall better sense of well being & control of my body. (slideshare.net)
  • However, while there is a lot of evidence outlining the various benefits of exercise on health, "the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood," Clemmensen and his colleagues note in their study paper. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For most people, exercise is beneficial to overall health and wellness. (familydoctor.org)
  • One such study that Medical News Today reported on found that aerobic exercise preserves the brain health of people with mild cognitive impairment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The study of sport explores the impact of sport, exercise and health on individuals and society. (bath.ac.uk)
  • All our sport, exercise and health undergraduate courses are grouped by league tables under the broad category of Sport Sciences. (bath.ac.uk)
  • How much exercise you need depends on your age and health. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Regular exercise is one of the best things you can do for your health. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Exercise is Medicine® is an ACSM global initiative focused on encouraging primary care physicians and other health care providers to include exercise when designing treatment plans for patients. (acsm.org)
  • Sessions focus on the integration of exercise into health and heath care. (acsm.org)
  • President's Lecture: Dosing Exercise for Heart Health, Does Intensity Matter? (acsm.org)
  • We know that exercise is good for health-particularly cardiometabolic health. (acsm.org)
  • There is some uncertainty about the role of exercise amount, intensity and mode on cardiometabolic health. (acsm.org)
  • This session will present an evidence-based model for implementing Community-based Supervised Exercise Programs (CSEP's) and discuss the significance of this model in relation to the movement towards value-based health care. (acsm.org)
  • Good health makes our lives better, but preoccupation with exercise and dieting can spoil the holidays. (bellaonline.com)
  • Share your thoughts and ask your questions on exercise and good health in general. (bellaonline.com)
  • Retrieved on March 29, 2020 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Exercise-and-Asthma.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • Everyone knows that exercise can improve your health. (brookings.edu)
  • Exercise Science professionals are a part of a multidisciplinary team that work to understand and improve the health of both those with chronic diseases and conditions through therapeutic rehabilitation and the performance of an athlete through strength and conditioning programs. (marshall.edu)
  • In terms of health benefits, the amount of recommended exercise depends upon the goal, the type of exercise, and the age of the person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exercise is a disciplined activity that is meant to improve and maintain fitness, health and wellness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aerobic exercise strengthens your heart and lungs . (webmd.com)
  • Exercise improves post-treatment fitness and strengthens your ability, in both mind and body, to cope with the after-effects of cancer. (cancercare.org)
  • Emotional Exercise strengthens the mental power vital to success. (selfgrowth.com)
  • [4] The goal of aerobic exercise is to increase cardiovascular endurance . (wikipedia.org)
  • Borsheim and Bahr note these conflicting results can be attributable to the various differences in exercise intensity, duration, as well as the particular mode of exercise (cardiovascular, resistance training, circuit training). (unm.edu)
  • Each of the 60-minute exercise sessions comprised a combination of cardiovascular training, resistance training, and flexibility development. (medscape.com)
  • This kind of exercise, using specific muscles only, actually burns fewer calories than exercising large muscles groups in dynamic cardiovascular exercise such as walking, jogging, running, swimming or cycling. (news24.com)
  • The beneficial effect of exercise on the cardiovascular system is well documented. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Anaerobic exercise also include weight training , functional training , eccentric training , interval training , sprinting , and high-intensity interval training increase short-term muscle strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you exercise at a higher intensity level, you will burn more calories. (tn.us)
  • This type of exercise is also known as High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). (www.nhs.uk)
  • What Effect Does Exercise Intensity Have on EPOC? (unm.edu)
  • Perhaps one of the most influential factors that contribute to EPOC is exercise intensity (Borsheim & Bahr, 2003). (unm.edu)
  • This study suggests that vigorous intensity exercise sustained at a moderate duration (45 minutes) has a very meaningful EPOC (190 kilocalories). (unm.edu)
  • A roundtable convened by the American College of Sports Medicine in 2010 reviewed available research and concluded that exercise is safe during and after all breast cancer treatments (as long as you take any needed precautions and keep the intensity low) and improves physical functioning, quality of life, and cancer-related fatigue. (breastcancer.org)
  • There's also information on intensity levels and how to measure how intense your exercise is. (breastcancer.org)
  • Research shows that it's safe to exercise during all types of breast cancer treatment, as long as you take certain precautions and keep the intensity low. (breastcancer.org)
  • In a 2003 study, sedentary women were assigned to one of four exercise groups varying in intensity and duration. (newsweek.com)
  • Individuals with an exercise addiction are characterized by their compulsive exercise behaviors, an overinvolvement in exercise, and the presence of an activity disorder - meaning they exercise at a duration, intensity, and frequency beyond that required for sport. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An example of this is using affect to prescribe exercise intensity. (elon.edu)
  • Music may be considered an important tool to stimulate people engaging in low-intensity physical exercise," the researchers concluded. (minnpost.com)
  • The CanDo Exercise Resistance Tubing with Handles - Red- Light Intensity is designed for individuals to help strengthen the arms. (abledata.com)
  • Pregnant women should get 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise each week. (familydoctor.org)
  • So, Prof. Zhang and colleagues monitored "the effect of a progressive, moderate to high intensity" program of aerobic exercise on memory, executive function, brain volume, and cortical levels of beta-amyloid. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • No matter what type of exercise you do, start at a light intensity level and up the intensity level very gradually. (breastcancer.org)
  • low-intensity exercise, moderate-intensity exercise, and a control group (no exercise). (brookings.edu)
  • During the six-week experiment, both "exercise" groups reported growing levels of energy (compared to the control group), but there was no discernable difference between the moderate- and low-intensity exercise groups. (brookings.edu)
  • This is false," says Cedric Bryant, chief exercise physiologist for the American Council on Exercise. (medicinenet.com)
  • The American College of Sports Medicine's Professional Education Committee certifies that 'American Council on Exercise' meets the criteria for official ACSM Approved Provider status from (2017 - December 2020). (acefitness.org)
  • The American Council on Exercise reserves the right to discontinue the sale and/or support of any continuing education course at any time, in order to cancel, correct, or update content based on current industry standards, guidelines, and/or technological advances. (acefitness.org)
  • People with arthritis who exercise regularly have less pain, more energy, improved sleep and better day-to-day function. (rheumatology.org)
  • We also lose lean muscle and - unless we take care of our diet and exercise regularly - gain weight. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If you exercise regularly, you'll decrease your odds of developing cellulite, or if you do, the dimpled look won't be quite as pronounced. (acefitness.org)
  • Despite all these benefits, many people find it hard to exercise regularly. (brookings.edu)
  • Read about the three types of exercise -- aerobic, strength/resistance, and flexibility -- and learn why you need to do each. (breastcancer.org)
  • Forms of effective exercise include aerobic, resistance or strength training, yoga, tai chi or some combination. (aarp.org)
  • Researchers from Denmark have found that cardio or endurance exercise impacts metabolic hormones differently to strength or resistance training with weights. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Resistance exercise is that which focuses on the development of musculoskeletal strength. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This type of exercise includes weight training or strength training, as a resistance program seeks the enhancement of muscle strength, endurance, and power. (encyclopedia.com)
  • weightlifting, as a competitive sport, is distinct from resistance exercise. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The essence of resistance exercise is the principle of overload. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Resistance exercise training can be started at almost any age, although considerable caution must be taken with young athletes (persons under the age of 18 years). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The types of stretches that are central to yoga and Pilates are a very effective counterbalance to the stresses placed on the body in resistance exercise training. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Successful resistance exercise depend upon a number of factors, including the level of fitness of the athlete at the beginning of the program. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In healthy adults, aerobic exercise has been shown to induce transient effects on cognition after a single exercise session and persistent effects on cognition following regular exercise over the course of several months. (wikipedia.org)
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Compulsive Exercise? (kidshealth.org)
  • For individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) in the knee or elsewhere, research suggests programs that combine strengthening and aerobic exercise, reduce symptoms, improve joint motion and function, enhance coordination and balance, and control body weight. (rheumatology.org)
  • Exercise also releases serotonin, which improves mood and alleviates symptoms of depression, according to the Mayo Clinic. (forbes.com)
  • Exercise-induced hyponatremia has been reported during prolonged exercise such as in marathon runners and triathletes, usually in warmer climates, which can lead to severe hyponatremia associated with neurological symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • However, studies show that exercise is one way to help you endure the symptoms of SAD. (bellaonline.com)
  • Exercise or other physical activity can trigger asthma-related symptoms. (news-medical.net)
  • Almost 90% of asthmatic patients will experience EIB symptoms during exercise. (news-medical.net)
  • Short-acting beta-agonists such as albuterol are also used before exercise to control the symptoms of EIB. (news-medical.net)
  • Any experts guiding your exercise should be well versed in the signs and symptoms of lymphedema. (breastcancer.org)
  • Now we have promising results showing aerobic exercise is a simple strategy to help people sleep better and feel more vigorous. (webmd.com)
  • For other uses, see Exercise (disambiguation) and Workout (disambiguation) . (wikipedia.org)
  • Here are some tips on what exercise equipment you will want to workout at home and what to look for when your shopping. (bellaonline.com)
  • Should Christians Exercise and Workout? (sermonaudio.com)
  • You'll get more out of your program if you notice the small payoffs that exercise provides in a very short amount of time. (medicinenet.com)
  • A therapeutic exercise program is often a necessary first step for individuals who have been inactive, have restricted joint motion or muscle strength, are experiencing joint paint or are recovering from surgery such as a joint replacement. (rheumatology.org)
  • A study of more than 100 older women and men who were starting an exercise program found that those who saw an exercise-related benefit within six months were far more likely to be exercising a year later. (newsweek.com)
  • Many people launch an exercise program only to fall off the wagon a few months later. (newsweek.com)
  • Now that you're expecting, a healthy exercise program should land high on your list of priorities, right next to the prenatal vitamins and full nights of sleep . (webmd.com)
  • The primary mission of the Exercise Science program is to offer high quality courses, instruction, and practical experiences leading to baccalaureate degree in Exercise Science. (wku.edu)
  • Upon completion of the Exercise Science Program, our students are qualified to work in entry level cardiopulmonary rehabilitation, strength and conditioning, corporate fitness, and more! (wku.edu)
  • The Exercise Science program consists of 120 hours, 55 of which are from required courses in the major, 38-39 of which are from the university's colonnade requirements, and 26-27 of which are from pre-professional prerequisites, electives, or minor courses. (wku.edu)
  • Q. How can I find an exercise program that is adjusted for physical limitations I have due to having had cancer? (cancercare.org)
  • The first step in starting any exercise program is to consult a doctor, either your oncologist or general practitioner. (cancercare.org)
  • The Elon Exercise Science program provided me with so many incredible opportunities that I would not have otherwise gotten. (elon.edu)
  • How should I start an exercise program? (familydoctor.org)
  • Before starting an exercise program, check with your doctor. (familydoctor.org)
  • Please include "National Exercise Program Exercise Nomination" in the email subject line. (fema.gov)
  • Technogym's MyWellness cloud is an integrative digital solution that can impact the effectiveness of Exercise is Medicine®- On Campus program implementation. (acsm.org)
  • When participants combined the exercise program with good eating habits (a Food Pyramid-based diet consisting of 1600, 2220 or 2800 calories), they doubled the fat loss, losing 9.1 pounds of fat (compared to 4.5 pounds without the nutritional component alone). (acefitness.org)
  • An exercise program doesn't have to be complicated to be effective. (acefitness.org)
  • A rigid schedule of intense exercise is maintained, accompanied by strong feelings of guilt when this schedule is violated. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is also possible to die from a heart attack or similar affliction if overly intense exercise is performed by someone who is not in a reasonable state of fitness for that particular activity. (mcgill.ca)
  • But when the mercury rises, "easy" exercise becomes a huge physical undertaking, and intense exercise can be deadly. (eatright.org)
  • He was smooth-faced, and his fresh skin and well-developed figure bespoke the man in good physical condition through active exercise , yet well content with the world's apportionment. (wiktionary.org)
  • Demonstrate use of administrative content, and facilities and equipment information in exercise programming. (bgsu.edu)
  • Relate administrative content, facilities, and equipment information to practices in exercise programming. (bgsu.edu)
  • The neurobiological effects of physical exercise are numerous and involve a wide range of interrelated effects on brain structure, brain function, and cognition . (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects of exercise on cognition have important implications for improving academic performance in children and college students, improving adult productivity, preserving cognitive function in old age, preventing or treating certain neurological disorders , and improving overall quality of life . (wikipedia.org)
  • The constructs of cognition that were most amenable to exercise were processing speed and executive function,' she said. (aarp.org)
  • The study was based on a review of medical databases reflecting the results of tests of the impact of exercise on cognition. (aarp.org)
  • Additionally, Dr. Bixby has conducted research examining the impacts of exercise on cognition, the impact of concussion on brain activity and cognition, the impact of cooling on performance in the heat, and the use of training aids on performance. (elon.edu)
  • The trial will span 5 years and is looking at whether aerobic exercise training in combination with medications that lower blood pressure and cholesterol can protect cognition and keep brain volume intact. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It's a fact that weight loss is the main reason people exercise at all, but losing weight is certainly not the only benefit of exercising and should therefore not be the main goal. (medicinenet.com)
  • People report enjoying water-based exercise more than exercising on land 4 . (cdc.gov)
  • Water-based exercise can help people with chronic diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • For people with fibromyalgia, it can decrease anxiety and exercise therapy in warm water can decrease depression and improve mood 11 , 12 . (cdc.gov)
  • Research shows that people with many forms of arthritis can participate safely in appropriate, regular exercise. (rheumatology.org)
  • [11] People who participate in moderate to high levels of physical exercise have a lower mortality rate compared to individuals who by comparison are not physically active. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this section, you can read about the benefits of exercise for people diagnosed with breast cancer, types of exercise, and when you can exercise, both during and after treatment. (breastcancer.org)
  • U nless you've been hiding in a cave somewhere with no access to the internet or other people, you'll know that exercise is now widely regarded as a wonder drug. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Prof Greg Whyte, a former Olympian and lecturer in sport and exercise science at Liverpool John Moores University (ljmu.ac.uk), says: "It's true that people who are regular exercisers tend to have a lower incidence of illness and disease, including coughs and colds, but we also know that arduous exercise, such as marathon running or obstacle course racing, dampens the function of the immune system for about three days afterwards. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Many people have more opportunities to exercise than they realize-they simply don't understand what exercise needs to be. (newsweek.com)
  • Dr. Wally Bixby, primary research interest focuses on how people feel during and following exercise and how this information can be used to better prescribe exercise. (elon.edu)
  • The study found that the longer and more vigorously people exercise, the greater the drop in cancer risk. (minnpost.com)
  • People with larger bodies, the elderly, kids and those not accustomed to rigorous exercise should be extremely cautious in hot weather. (eatright.org)
  • Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is airflow obstruction caused by physical activity in normal people. (news-medical.net)
  • In other words, by the time they reach their 50s, 60s, and 70s, people who exercise might have more brain cells than their more sedentary peers - giving them a major advantage in the workplace. (brookings.edu)
  • Exercise makes people very happy - only sex makes people happier. (brookings.edu)
  • This group of people can exert peer pressure on those mornings, lunches, or afternoons when you just don't want to exercise. (brookings.edu)
  • You probably have more time in your life to exercise than you think, and the first step is to mine your daily routines to find it. (newsweek.com)
  • When it comes to implementing exercise routines, the focus is too often on the "what," when it should be focused on the "why. (acefitness.org)
  • Gasser and Brooks comprehensively clarify that chemical and physical changes (see Figure 2) that occur in the body's contracting cells during exercise (elevating oxygen metabolism) persist during recovery, accounting for a meaningful amount of EPOC. (unm.edu)
  • It also helps to maximize benefits from exercise. (medicinenet.com)
  • [13] The majority of the benefits from exercise are achieved with around 3500 metabolic equivalent (MET) minutes per week. (wikipedia.org)
  • The benefits of these exercise snacks begin to kick in when you burn about 100 calories a day-that's the equivalent of walking a mile. (newsweek.com)
  • Did you know that 150 minutes of exercise each week has loads of benefits for pregnant mums? (www.nhs.uk)
  • Not everyone benefits equally from exercise. (mcgill.ca)
  • Learning to breathe during exercise has benefits such as preventing dizziness during activity, improving athletic performance, and increasing fat burning. (military.com)
  • He and his team previously dedicated their efforts to studying the relationship between exercise and dementia . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Currently, Prof. Zhang is leading a national clinical trial that will further investigate the link between exercise and dementia. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The adaptAbility Cuff Weights are exercise cuffs that wrap around ankles or wrists for therapeutic exercise and rehabilitation, and strengthening of muscles. (abledata.com)
  • If you are used to doing regular exercise, keep it up, but do what feels comfortable for your body and don't push yourself too much - exercise doesn't have to be strenuous to be beneficial. (www.nhs.uk)
  • It takes emotional exercise (action) to change behavior . (selfgrowth.com)
  • The reason why I am attaching emotion to exercise is because it takes the two together to modify behavior and outlook. (selfgrowth.com)
  • We will build upon this exercise to strengthen your behavior change. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Muscles develop from training and exercise. (medicinenet.com)
  • swimming is a good all-round exercise because it uses all your muscles. (www.nhs.uk)
  • At its most basic level, exercise is nothing more than your muscles, bones, and heart working as they were designed so well to do--to move. (entrepreneur.com)
  • 3D Moving Exercise Cards are cards with exercise instructions designed for children ages 4 and up to get them to build their gross motor, bilateral coordination, body awareness, core strength, and sensory processing skills. (abledata.com)
  • A significant finding is that endurance exercise increases a metabolic hormone called fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), whereas strength training decreases another called fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Yet when subjects did aerobic exercise (15 minutes of cycling) and strength training, they dropped 10 pounds of fat and added 2 pounds of muscle, which resulted in a greater improvement in body composition. (acefitness.org)
  • Increase core and upper body strength and burn fat with this cardio-conditioning calisthenic exercise. (sears.com)
  • Marshall University Exercise Science students are well-prepared for premier certifications in exercise such as American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) . (marshall.edu)
  • Not only does regular exercise aid in weight loss, it reduces your risk for several chronic diseases and conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure (hypertension), stroke, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and osteoporosis. (medicinenet.com)
  • Regular exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. (kidshealth.org)
  • Regular exercise is an important part of being as healthy as you can be. (breastcancer.org)
  • Scientists at Northwestern University say sleep problems affect millions of adults, who could likely improve their quality of sleep , vitality, and mood with regular aerobic exercise. (webmd.com)
  • He calls it "miracle-gro" for the brain, and it all comes from regular exercise! (forbes.com)
  • Specifically, that study found that regular exercise maintains the integrity of the brain's white matter, which encompasses billions of nerve fibers and is linked with better executive function. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Fitting regular exercise into your daily schedule may seem difficult at first. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It's easier to make exercise a regular part of your life if you have fun doing it. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A habit of regular exercise will help keep you mentally sharper throughout your entire life. (brookings.edu)
  • A doctor should always be consulted before any radical changes are made to a person's current exercise regimen. (mcgill.ca)
  • Multiple approaches to providing exercise programs for person's with Chronic Medical Conditions in community settings have surfaced over the past decade. (acsm.org)
  • Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly, albeit transiently, during the performance of the exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • The understanding of an elevated metabolism after exercise was first noted in the 1920's, however a ground breaking investigation by Drs. Glen Gasser and George Brooks in 1984 resolved many of the conflicting ideas and explained several previously unknown mechanisms of EPOC. (unm.edu)
  • So, they investigated this further by examining the impact of two forms of exercise on metabolic hormones, which are the chemical messengers that regulate the processes of metabolism. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The CTF headquarters was located at AFP's Western Command in Puerto Princesa on the island of Palawan where civil-military operations projects and the Staff Seminar/Command Post Exercise were conducted. (globalsecurity.org)
  • A Command Post Exercise is a headquarters exercise involving commanders and their staffs, and communications within and between participating headquarters, in which NATO and friendly forces, as well as opposing forces are simulated. (nato.int)
  • Read about the many ways exercise is good for you. (breastcancer.org)
  • Gentle exercise during pregnancy is good (and safe) for you and your baby. (www.nhs.uk)
  • That and it gets you into the whole military-type exercise schtick, which is itself a good way to get exercise. (reddit.com)
  • Start by doing one set for each exercise--if you feel good, you can add a second set. (entrepreneur.com)
  • Investigators at the University of Vermont, in Burlington, found that exercise reduces anxiety, depression, anger, psychomotor agitation, and muscle tension and allows these patients to develop a more balanced and integrated sense of self. (medscape.com)
  • Research shows that exercise is the silver bullet for a better quality of life. (medicinenet.com)
  • More and more research is showing that exercise can reduce the risk of breast cancer coming back (recurrence) if you've been diagnosed, as well as reducing the risk of developing breast cancer if you've never been diagnosed. (breastcancer.org)
  • Sept. 17, 2010 -- Running to the medicine cabinet or to doctors for sleeping pills may be one way to battle chronic insomnia , but aerobic exercise might be the best prescription, new research indicates. (webmd.com)
  • The research has deepened our understanding of how different forms of exercise affect the body. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The effects of various forms of exercise on better-known hormones such as insulin and adrenalin are already well-understood, says senior study author Christoffer Clemmensen, who is working as an associate professor in the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research in Copenhagen. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Physical exercise can be a powerful therapy for psychiatric inpatients, new research suggests. (medscape.com)
  • Now, the new research has examined the effects of exercise in 70 adults aged 55 or over. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Aside from understanding the effects of exercise on the growth and development of fish, this research has important implications for developing or improving the sustainability of aquaculture. (scienceblogs.com)
  • But the study did not find that exercise reduced the risk of Alzheimer's disease, although the researchers say more research is needed before it can be concluded that there is no link between a lack of exercise and the disease. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The goal of these strategies was to use exercise and nutrition education to promote self-esteem and healthier sleep and reduce anxiety while enhancing mood and emotional-behavioral regulation. (medscape.com)
  • The three main levels of exercise are therapeutic/rehabilitative, recreational/leisure and competitive/elite. (rheumatology.org)
  • Physical exercise during pregnancy-physiological considerations and recommendations. (cdc.gov)
  • The right kinds of exercise are key to staying fit, healthy, and happy during your pregnancy. (webmd.com)
  • If you didn't exercise before pregnancy , you can start now. (webmd.com)
  • If you are healthy and your pregnancy is normal (not high-risk), it should be safe for you to exercise. (familydoctor.org)
  • Is it safe for me to exercise during pregnancy? (familydoctor.org)
  • If you have no serious medical problems and a normal pregnancy, it's probably safe for you to exercise. (familydoctor.org)
  • Many women find that they need to slow down their level of exercise during pregnancy. (familydoctor.org)
  • A long-term study of Harvard alumni showed the lowest death rates in those who burned at least 300 calories a day in exercise or activity. (newsweek.com)
  • If you exercise, ask your doctor how many additional calories you should get. (familydoctor.org)
  • Any ideas what kind of exercise I can do or where I can find modified plans? (cancercare.org)
  • HomeGymJunkie.com - a blog that helps you find the best exercise equipment and provides home fitness tips so you can achieve your fitness goals. (selfgrowth.com)
  • There are four major types of exercise that make up all exercise programs, regardless of the level of participation. (rheumatology.org)
  • Can exercise make you ill? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • If you want to join an exercise class, make sure your teacher is properly qualified and tell them that you're pregnant. (www.nhs.uk)
  • If you prefer to exercise by yourself, or with a friend, make sure you warm up before, and cool down afterwards. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Did you know that just 30 minutes of exercise a day can make you a genius? (forbes.com)
  • Check with your doctor to make sure that it's safe for you to exercise. (familydoctor.org)
  • Some medical conditions make exercise harmful to you or your baby. (familydoctor.org)
  • Make sure your exercise does not cause pain, shortness of breath, or excessive tiredness. (familydoctor.org)
  • Make sure you continue to breathe through-out the exercise. (entrepreneur.com)
  • Make this exercise more challenging by using your desk: Stand several feet away and position your hands on the edge of the desk, shoulder-width apart. (entrepreneur.com)
  • But did you know that exercise can make you more productive? (brookings.edu)
  • This experiment suggests that exercise can make you feel more energized within a few weeks. (brookings.edu)
  • The Student Professional Development Center (SPDC) provides guidance and support to students as they pursue successful careers and post-graduate work in exercise science. (elon.edu)
  • The blue markers indicate the location of Elon exercise science majors who have attained jobs. (elon.edu)
  • The yellow markers indicate the locations where exercise science majors have completed internships. (elon.edu)
  • The red markers indicate the schools where exercise science majors are pursuing graduate studies. (elon.edu)
  • Exercise Science provides students with classroom and laboratory experiences concentrating on the applied science of human performance and physical activity. (wku.edu)
  • Students who select to major in Exercise Science are considered 'Pre-Exercise Science' majors over the course of their first 3-4 semesters. (bgsu.edu)
  • Once a student has matriculated into the Exercise Science Specialization, a grade of C or better is required for all core courses, specialization courses and electives. (bgsu.edu)
  • The Department of Exercise Science at Elon University critically examines the ways in which movement, exercise, and physical activity are inherent to and improve the human condition. (elon.edu)
  • Dr. John Ratey, author of "Spark - The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain" says that exercise improves your brain in the short term by raising your focus for two to three hours afterwards. (forbes.com)
  • Exercise Science is a multidisciplinary field of study involving the active human body. (marshall.edu)
  • These data are important for recommendations on wearing face masks at work or during physical exercise. (springer.com)
  • Physical exercise can also include training that focuses on accuracy , agility , power , and speed . (wikipedia.org)
  • It's physical exercise, not just physical activity. (aarp.org)
  • The advantage of using commuting as an opportunity for physical exercise is that it integrates into the current activities of already busy lives, rather than taking extra time out of other activities. (ilo.org)
  • Physical exercise stimulates the development of new mitochondria within your cells, meaning that your body will be able to produce more ATP over time. (brookings.edu)
  • Operation Desert Spring succeeded Exercise Intrinsic Action on 01 October 1999. (globalsecurity.org)
  • The effect of wearing a surgical and a FFP2/N95 face mask on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity has not been systematically reported. (springer.com)
  • Ventilation, cardiopulmonary exercise capacity and comfort are reduced by surgical masks and highly impaired by FFP2/N95 face masks in healthy individuals. (springer.com)
  • However, the quantitative effects of medical masks on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity have never been systematically reported. (springer.com)
  • Compulsive exercisers may skip homework or time with friends and family to exercise. (kidshealth.org)
  • This was the first time a collaborative HADR exercise of this scale occurred online and integrated into real events. (google.com)
  • Reading a book or e-book while riding an exercise bike may be one way for adults to sneak some reading time into. (inhabitat.com)
  • Early exercise is only possible with American-style option contracts, which the holder may exercise at any time up to expiration. (investopedia.com)
  • It should more than offset the marginal time value lost due to an early exercise. (investopedia.com)
  • The money outlay of early exercise within a company plan is the same as waiting until after vesting, ignoring the time value of money . (investopedia.com)
  • Although termed an "exercise" these deployments actually constituted a continuous operational presence of American ground forces in Kuwait, with different units rotating in for periods of four months at a time. (globalsecurity.org)
  • No time to exercise? (minnpost.com)
  • But you can start slowly, and break your exercise time into chunks. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The group that did only aerobic exercise, cycling for 30 minutes at a time, lost 4 pounds of fat but gained no muscle, which only slightly improved body composition. (acefitness.org)
  • While exercise helped the subjects' thinking ability, it did not seem to improve their memory, the researchers found. (aarp.org)
  • A warm-up should include 5 to 10 minutes of exercise such as walking, slow jogging, knee lifts, arm circles, and/or trunk rotations. (medicinenet.com)
  • The authors chose 45 minutes of exercise, because this corresponds to the middle of the range (30-60 minutes) suggested by the physical activity guidelines for Americans. (unm.edu)
  • You can then build up to 150 minutes of weekly exercise. (www.nhs.uk)
  • exercise that involves lying on your back for longer than a few minutes (particularly after 16 weeks). (www.nhs.uk)
  • All these amount to a more productive day - all from a few minutes of exercise! (forbes.com)
  • You could do 30 minutes of exercise 5 times a week. (familydoctor.org)
  • Short-acting beta 2-agonists inhaled 15 minutes before exercise should be very helpful in preventing and controlling EIB associated with asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • Furthermore, anecdotal evidence suggests that frequent exercise may reverse alcohol-induced brain damage. (mcgill.ca)