European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)EuropeEurope, EasternLegislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Orphan Drug Production: Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Forearm Injuries: Injuries to the part of the upper limb of the body between the wrist and elbow.Catalogs, UnionUSSRHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Fractures, Ununited: A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.Health ResortsInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals: BIOLOGIC PRODUCTS that are imitations but not exact replicas of innovator products.International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.PolandGuidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Czech Republic: Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.Consumer Product SafetySolid Waste: Garbage, refuse, or sludge, or other discarded materials from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, and air pollution control facility that include solid, semi-solid, or contained material. It does not include materials dissolved in domestic sewage, irrigation return flows, or industrial discharges.Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Medical Device Recalls: Removal of a MEDICAL DEVICE from the market due to a problem occurring in the manufacture or distribution of the product.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Republic of BelarusTravel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Patient Rights: Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.Animal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Rare Diseases: A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.Commonwealth of Independent StatesAbattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Tibial FracturesDisease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Product Surveillance, Postmarketing: Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.Legislation, Pharmacy: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.ItalyRussiaEmigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.AustriaPolicy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.EstoniaMedical Device Legislation: Laws and regulations pertaining to devices used in medicine, proposed for enactment, or enacted by a legislative body.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Economics, Pharmaceutical: Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Equipment and Supplies: Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.Slovenia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.Maximum Allowable Concentration: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Great Britain

The future of tobacco product regulation and labelling in Europe: implications for the forthcoming European Union directive. (1/804)

The European Commission has announced that it is considering legislation concerning further restrictions on cigarette tar and nicotine yields, as well as new provisions to regulate additives and the labelling of tobacco products. This report considers these issues and their relation to public health. In particular, we argue that further reductions in tar and nicotine yields as measured by the International Standards Organisation/Federal Trade Commission (ISO/FTC) method will be largely cosmetic and certainly misleading to consumers. If a new directive uses the ISO/FTC methodology as a basis for regulation, it risks lending further official support to the concept of "low tar" cigarettes, which may be used by smokers as an alternative to smoking cessation. Although new regulations based on the ISO/FTC methodology may appear to offer health gains, these will be illusory and there may even be negative health consequences, as has been the case with these tests up to the present. We therefore make the following recommendations for the way forward.  (+info)

Epidemiological data of treated end-stage renal failure in the European Union (EU) during the year 1995: report of the European Renal Association Registry and the National Registries. (2/804)

BACKGROUND: The new Centre Questionnaire, mainly based on the collection of epidemiological data, was launched in 1996 and the overall response rate of centres for the 15 countries constituting the European Union (EU) reached 82.2% (66-100%) for 1995. RESULTS: We could derive the following information for a general population of 372.6 million. In 1995, the incidence of new end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients (Ni/P) was 120 p.m.p. (per million population) with a clear north to south/west gradient (69 in Ireland, 131 in Italy and 163 in Germany). The incidence of ESRF deaths (No/P) was 67 p.m.p. (from 35 in Ireland to 89 in Germany). The net increase of patients was therefore 53 p.m.p. (from 13 in Greece to 74 in Germany). The point prevalence of treated ESRF patients (Ns/P) alive on 31 December 1995 was 644 p.m.p. (from 444 in Finland to 773 in Italy). The mean increase in the stock of ESRF patients was +8.2% (4.6 to 13.0) as a linear rate and +0.085 as a fractional rate (exponential). The first treatment of new patients (Ni) was haemodialysis (HD; 81%), peritoneal dialysis (PD; 18%) and pre-emptive renal transplantation (Tx; 1%). The latest treatment for patients still alive was HD (58.5%), PD (9%) or functional Tx (32.5%). The number of Tx was 30 p.m.p. (from 14 in Greece to 45 in Spain). The death rate was 10.4% for all those with ESRF, with 14.4% for those dialysed and 2.2% for transplanted patients. In 1995, 6.5% of dialysed patients received a graft and 4.0% of transplant patients returned to dialysis. The linear expansion rate of the dialysis pool and the transplant pool was respectively 8.3% and 7.9%. CONCLUSIONS: This data shows considerable disparities among countries of the EU which merit further evaluation. Also this analysis by the ERA Registry provides data of value for health and economic purposes.  (+info)

Genetically modified organisms: an analysis of the regulatory framework currently employed within the European Union. (3/804)

BACKGROUND: Genetic engineering technology is starting to bring many commercial products to the market. These genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their derived products are subject to topical debate as to their benefits and risks. The strengths and weaknesses of the regulatory framework that controls their development and application is central to the question of whether this technology poses significant risk to the public health during this critical phase of its evolution. METHODS: A critical review was carried out of the legal framework regulating the contained use, deliberate release and some aspects of consumer protection relevant to the control of GMOs in Europe and the United Kingdom. RESULTS: The current legal framework is failing to provide a speed of adaptation commensurate with the development of the science of genetic engineering; failing to properly respond to democratic control; failing to resolve significant conflict between the protection of free markets and protection of public health and the environment; and failing to implement obligations on biodiversity. CONCLUSION: The present legal framework must be replaced. Current European Union proposals for new standards of regulation are welcome, but provide only for further incremental change, and do not address some significant fundamental flaws in our current laws.  (+info)

A new questionnaire for the repeat of the first stage of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey: a pilot study. (4/804)

In the early 1990s a multicentre survey on asthma was performed on the young adult population (European Community Respiratory Health Survey - ECRHS). This study is to be repeated in order to estimate changes in the prevalence of asthma-like symptoms during the last decade and to assess the social and economic costs of the disease and their variations among countries. The self-administered questionnaire devised for this purpose is a two-page questionnaire. The first page contains the same items as those used in the first survey with four additional questions related to: 1) the frequency and severity of asthma attacks; 2) the presence of chronic bronchitis; 3) smoking habits; and 4) a visual analogue scale assessing perception of outdoor pollution. The second page aims to collect information regarding the direct and indirect costs of asthma. The influence of the length of the questionnaire on the response rate was assessed in a pilot study in Italy. Two random samples of 150 subjects received either the one-page questionnaire (first page) or the two-page questionnaire. The response rate was compared with that obtained from the first postal wave in the 1991-1992 survey. Although the response rate was unchanged when using the one-page questionnaire (45% versus 45%), it decreased by 7% when the two-page questionnaire was used (38% versus 45%). On the basis of these results, no problem should arise if four more questions are added to the one-page questionnaire. The slight reduction in the response rate of the two-page questionnaire is worrying but could be corrected by the use of telephone interviews.  (+info)

Development of orphan vaccines: an industry perspective. (5/804)

The development of vaccines against rare emerging infectious diseases is hampered by many disincentives. In the face of growing in-house expenditures associated with research and development projects in a complex legal and regulatory environment, most pharmaceutical companies prioritize their projects and streamline their product portfolio. Nevertheless, for humanitarian reasons, there is a need to develop niche vaccines for rare diseases not preventable or curable by other means. The U.S. Orphan Drug Act of 1983 and a similar proposal from the European Commission (currently under legislative approval) provide financial and practical incentives for the research and development of drugs to treat rare diseases. In addition, updated epidemiologic information from experts in the field of emerging diseases; increased disease awareness among health professionals, patients, and the general public; a list of priority vaccines; emergence of a dedicated organization with strong leadership; and the long-term pharmacoeconomic viability of orphan products will be key factors in overcoming the complexity of orphan status and the limited need for vaccine.  (+info)

Possibilities for regulatory actions in the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders. (6/804)

This review argues that there is a need for regulatory action against work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Designing such regulation is fraught with problems, such as insufficient knowledge about mechanisms and exposure-dose-response relationships, and lack of consensus on definitions. The multifactorial character of the disorders, especially risks involving work organization, further increases the problems. Nevertheless, regulation is necessary because of the poor results of voluntary prevention and the large costs of these disorders. Some major regulations are reviewed, and it is argued that there is insufficient scientific support for quantitative regulations proposed for some European norms. The recent Nordic ergonomic regulations for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders is a step forward, since they succeed in providing guidance, including some on work organizational issues, with only few quantitative measures. Researchers should become more involved in these activities, and priorities in future research that would benefit a more scientific approach to ergonomic regulation are indicated.  (+info)

Occupational exposure to carcinogens in the European Union. (7/804)

OBJECTIVES: To construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU). METHODS: A database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to carcinogens by country, carcinogen, and industry. CAREX includes data on agents evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) (all agents in groups 1 and 2A as of February 1995, and selected agents in group 2B) and on ionising radiation, displayed across the 55 industrial classes. The 1990-3 occupational exposure was estimated in two phases. Firstly, estimates were generated by the CAREX system on the basis of national labour force data and exposure prevalence estimates from two reference countries (Finland and the United States) which had the most comprehensive data available on exposures to these agents. For selected countries, these estimates were then refined by national experts in view of the perceived exposure patterns in their own countries compared with those of the reference countries. RESULTS: About 32 million workers (23% of those employed) in the EU were exposed to agents covered by CAREX. At least 22 million workers were exposed to IARC group 1 carcinogens. The exposed workers had altogether 42 million exposures (1.3 mean exposures for each exposed worker). The most common exposures were solar radiation (9.1 million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), environmental tobacco smoke (7.5 million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), crystalline silica (3.2 million exposed), diesel exhaust (3.0 million), radon (2.7 million), and wood dust (2.6 million). CONCLUSION: These preliminary estimates indicate that in the early 1990s, a substantial proportion of workers in the EU were exposed to carcinogens.  (+info)

A survey of undergraduate orthodontic education in 23 European countries. (8/804)

This paper reports on a survey of teaching contents and time allocation within the undergraduate orthodontic curriculum in European countries in 1997, and on whether or not these countries set a formal undergraduate examination in orthodontics. A questionnaire and an explanatory letter were mailed to all members of the EURO-QUAL BIOMED II project. Answers were validated during a meeting of project participants and by fax when necessary. Completed questionnaires, which were subsequently validated, were returned by orthodontists from 23 countries. They indicated that orthodontics was taught in all undergraduate curriculums of the countries surveyed. The number of hours in the undergraduate curriculum devoted to orthodontics was reported as varying from 135 to 500 hours with a mean of 245 hours. The time reported as allocated to theory, clinical practice, laboratory work, diagnosis, and treatment planning varied widely. In general, clinical practice and theory were reported as being allocated most curriculum hours, whilst diagnosis, laboratory work, and treatment planing were reported as receiving relatively less time. Removable appliances were reported to be taught in 22 of the 23 countries, functional appliances in 21 countries and fixed appliances in 17 countries. An undergraduate examination in orthodontics was reported by 20 countries. It was concluded that orthodontics occupies a small proportion of the undergraduate curriculum in dentistry in most countries, the emphasis is on theory and clinical work, and that removable appliances, functional appliances, and certain aspects of fixed appliances are taught in the majority of countries that responded to the questionnaire  (+info)

The increase in refugees and other migrants from low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) to the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) since 20111 has made the development of infectious disease guidance a public health priority for EU/EEA Member States. High mobility, poor living conditions, barriers to accessing healthcare and potential public health risks for newly arriving migrant populations and host populations are leading public health concerns. As a result, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) called for evidence-based guidance to support tailored public health approaches to health assessment (voluntary screening) and prevention (vaccination) among newly arrived migrants. This guidance aims to support public health and health system professionals to screen and treat international migrants.2. Migrant populations include economic migrants, refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants who may have been forced to flee conflict, natural disasters or ...
on a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013, (EU) No 1306/2013, (EU) No 1307/2013, (EU) No 1308/2013 and (EU) No 652/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council (COM(2016)0605 - C8-0404/2017 - 2016/0282B(COD)). (Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading). The European Parliament,. - having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2016)0605),. - having regard to the decision by the Conference of Presidents on 16 November 2017 to split the Commission proposal and to authorise the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development to draw up a separate legislative report for the provisions pertaining to the remit of that committee, namely Articles 267 to 270 and 275 of the Commission proposal,. - having regard to Article 294(2) and (3) and Article 42, Article 43(2) and point (b) of Article 168(4) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,. - having regard to the opinion of the European Court of ...
ARUP Laboratories (ARUP) is committed to protecting the confidentiality of your medical and health information (protected health information), as described in this notice, and maintains the privacy of your protected health information as required by law. We have provided this notice to describe our privacy practices relating to protected health information, including how we may use your protected health information within ARUP and how, under certain circumstances, we may disclose it to others outside ARUP.
The Dublin regulation, allocating asylum claims to the first port of call on a migrants journey, is unfit for purpose. The European Parliament has come to a shared position that guarantees fair treatment of refugees and shared responsibility in the EU. Now its up to member states to do their share, writes Cornelia Ernst.. Dr. Cornelia Ernst is an MEP for the German party DIE LINKE since 2009. She is a spokesperson for her parliamentary delegation and a member of the LIBE committee of the European Parliament. In preparing the new Dublin reform, Ernst was the shadow rapporteur for the left-wing group in the European Parliament GUE/NGL.. Thirty-seven years ago, twelve EU member states, including Germany, signed a treaty under international law to regulate which EU member state would be responsible for examining an asylum application. The agreement was named after the place of its signature, Dublin.. The rules entered into force in 1997 and since then, the EU member state that was first entered by ...
Bellona Europa Director Jonas Helseth and BRALs Lievin Chemin, European Parliament, 23 Nov 2017 Credit: Bellona Europa These fuels use five times more electricity than an electric car to travel the same distance, and have all the same qualities as fossil fuels, such as CO2 and air polluting NOx and PM. "Labelling synthetic fuels as renewable and including them in the RED poses a direct threat to electro-mobility uptake on the continent", warned Helseth.. Another key piece of legislation is the currently reformed Clean Vehicles Directive, which offers a once-in-a-decade opportunity to enforce an effective tool for the public procurement of clean transport fleets. In the coming months, discussions on this piece of legislation will be getting underway in the European Parliament and EU Member States. When it comes to the implementation of the directives requirements, however, it comes down to cities and public authorities.. Brussels needs to step up action The debate thus provided a zoom into ...
This Briefing, published by the European Parliamentary Research Service, is designed to provide key facts and figures about the European Parliament, both today and in previous terms since direct elections were introduced in June 1979. On the following pages you will find graphics of various kinds which: -detail the composition of the European Parliament now and in the past; -trace the increase in the number of parties represented in the Parliament and show the evolution of political groups; -chart the rise in the number of women sitting in the Parliament; -explain the electoral systems used in elections to the Parliament across the Member States; -show how turnout in European elections compares with that in national elections; -summarise the activity of the Parliament in the 2009-14 term, and the start of the current term; -present the annual cost of the Parliament compared with other parliaments; -outline the composition of the Parliaments main governing bodies. This is an
The following is a guest blog post from Andrea Corazza, European Advocacy Officer, Global Health Advocates, and was originally published on End the Neglect.*. Through its policies, legislation and bilateral/regional trade agreements, the European Union (EU) has a major impact on global health both in terms of research and development (R&D) of new and improved medicines for Poverty-Related and Neglected Diseases[1] (PRNDs) and their accessibility to populations in developing countries.. To ensure that EU policies deliver a coherent, comprehensive and pro-active response to address these issues, Global Health Advocates and the Médecins Sans Frontières Access Campaign created the European Parliament Working Group on Innovation, Access to Medicines and Poverty-Related Diseases together with Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) back in 2009.. This Working Group provides a platform to ensure that global health issues remain high on the EU agenda and to advocate for the adoption of EU policies ...
TextSeries: International competition law series: v. 54.Publisher: Netherlands Kluwer Law International 2013Description: xxviii, 555 pages ; 25 cm.ISBN: 9789041147585.Other title: European Union cartel enforcement.Subject(s): Antitrust law -- European Union countries , Competition, Unfair -- European Union countries , Cartels -- European Union countries , Law enforcement -- European Union countries , Human rights -- European Union countriesDDC classification: 343.40721 ...
From BioPortfolio: Most of the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) is considered a region of very low hepatitis A virus (HAV) endemicity; however, geographical di...
Health, ...Members of the European Parliament Heart Group meet today 3 June in ... Given the alarming rate at which obesity is progressing especially a... Front of pack labelling should allow consumers to know at a glance wh...,Members,of,European,Parliament,discuss,food,labeling,and,heart,health,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Downloadable! Agri-environmental schemes (AES) of the European Union are the most important measure in terms of share on the public budget for Rural Development. Although the farmers uptake of AES is expected to strongly impact even farmers behavior, in the literature the attempts to investigate this impact are scarce. Our study applies a difference-in-differences propensity score matching estimator in order to perform a comparative analyses of the effects of AE measures on farmers practises and economic performances across five EU Member States. Results show differences in the AES effects across country as well as differences across farmers of the same country according to what extent the farm income is dependent on the AE payment. Our analyses suggests that the AE payment in Spain is not enough to compensate the large drop of the per hectare income after participation and the AE uptake does not seem to promote effectively environmental-friendly farm practises. In France and Italy the sustainable
Komorowski: Many EU member states want to end sanctions against Russia. View news feed in world news for 28 April from UNIAN Information Agency
Downloadable! The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the competitive performance of different European countries at sector level in the intra-EU market from 1995 to 2011, comparing food industry and agricultural sector. In particular, we aim to assess the effect of the EU enlargement (first period) and the economic crisis (second period) on the competitiveness of EU countries. The data come from the Eurostat database of international trade. The competitive performance of EU countries is measured through several trade indices, such as Export and Import Market Share, Revealed Comparative Advantage, Net Export Index, and Vollrath indices, analysing their values over the last fifteen years. Our analysis showed that, in the EU countries, agriculture and food industry do not reveal strong differences in competitive performance during the last fifteen years. Among big countries, France and Spain showed a continuous worsening competitive performance. A similar trend is found for Belgium. On the contrary, the
1) Position of the European Parliament of 16 April 2019 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and decision of the Council of 7 October 2019.. (2) Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and repealing Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1101/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 on Community Statistics, and Council Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom establishing a Committee on the Statistical Programmes of the European Communities (OJ L 87, 31.3.2009, p. 164).. (3) Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on European demographic statistics (OJ L 330, 10.12.2013, p. 39).. (4) Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on population and housing censuses (OJ L 218, ...
Roberto Gualtieri has been a member of the European Parliament since 2009, where he is the Chair of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs and a substitute member of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO) and of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET).. Within the European Parliament he held, among others, the following tasks. In 2010, he was the S&D Group negotiator within the European Parliament negotiating team on the creation of the European External Action Service. In 2011, he was co-rapporteur (with Elmar Brok) for the European Council decision amending Article 136 of the TFEU with regard to a stability mechanism for Member States whose currency is the euro. In 2011, he was member of the European Parliament negotiating team for the establishment of the "Fiscal Compact".. In 2012, he was appointed S&D Group coordinator for the Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO). In 2012, he was S&D negotiator for the European Parliament in the working group set up by Herman Van ...
RELATED ACTS. Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network [Official Journal L 96 of 31.3.2004]. Regulation (EC) No 551/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the organisation and use of the airspace in the single European sky [Official Journal L 96 of 31.3.2004]. Regulation (EC) No 550/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the provision of air navigation services in the single European sky [Official Journal L 96 of 31.3.2004]. Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 laying down the framework for the creation of the Single European Sky (Framework Regulation) [Official Journal L 96 of 31.3.2004]. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions Accelerating the implementation ...
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2074/2005 of 5 December 2005 laying down implementing measures for certain products under Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and for the organisation of official controls under Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, derogating from Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Regulations (EC) No 853/2004 and (EC) No 854/2004 (OJ L338, 22.12.2005, page 27) ...
Individuals with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) are the reservoir of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a population and as long as this reservoir exists, elimination of tuberculosis (TB) will not be feasible. In 2013, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) started an assessment of benefits and risks of introducing programmatic LTBI control, with the aim of providing guidance on how to incorporate LTBI control into national TB strategies in European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) Member States and candidate countries. In a first step, experts from the Member States, candidate countries, and international and national organisations were consulted on the components of programmatic LTBI control that should be considered and evaluated in literature reviews, mathematical models and cost-effectiveness studies. This was done through a questionnaire and two interactive discussion rounds. The main components identified were identification and targeting of risk groups, determinants
Tuberculosis (TB) is decreasing in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA), but remains a significant public health problem. Although pulmonary TB accounts for the majority of the cases and is the main transmissible form of the disease, extrapulmonary TB also contributes to the burden of disease and does not receive specific attention in international control strategies. We performed a descriptive analysis to assess the burden and trends of extrapulmonary TB in EU/EEA countries. During 2002-11, 167,652 cases of extrapulmonary TB were reported by the 30 Member States. Extrapulmonary TB accounted for 19.3% of all notified cases, ranging from 5.8% to 44.4% among the Member States. Overall, TB notification rates decreased in 2002-11 due to a decrease in pulmonary TB. Notification rates of extrapulmonary TB remained stable at 3.4 per 100,000 in 2002 and 3.2 per 100,000 in 2011. Thus the proportion of extrapulmonary TB increased from 16.4% in 2002 to 22.4% in 2011. Of all extrapulmonary TB cases
EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, COM(2011) 689 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL Towards a stronger European response to drugs 1. A STRONGER EUROPEAN
The good news about tuberculosis (TB) is that in the 29 reporting European Union/European Economic Area countries the number of incident TB cases is falling, with an average annual decline of 6% since 2011 [1]. The bad news is that, however you look at it, multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) remain a major clinical and public health problem worldwide, particularly in former Soviet Union countries and Central Asia [2-4]. Less than a quarter of the total estimated MDR-TB cases were actually diagnosed in 2012 [2], with dramatic consequences from an individual and a community perspective (i.e. increased morbidity, mortality and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission). It was estimated that 450 000 incident patients developed MDR-TB and 170 000 died from MDR-TB. More than half of such cases die, fail or stop taking treatment and only one in three cases in reporting countries completes the long treatment course (,20 months). The treatment success ...
EU Directive 2010/63/EU is the European Union (EU) legislation "on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes" and is one of the most stringent ethical and welfare standards worldwide. The Directive repealed EU Directive 86/609/EEC. It became formally applied across the EU on January 1, 2013. It protects live non-human vertebrates including independently feeding larval forms and foetal forms of mammals from the last third of their normal development, and live cephalopods. The Directive is based on the Council of Europe Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals used for Experimental and other Scientific Purposes (ETS123) established in 1986. This Convention applies to a wider Europe, beyond just the EU. The Directive repealed EU Directive 86/609/EEC. It took nearly two years to revise, beginning in November 2008. It was finalised and signed on September 22, 2010, coming into force on November 9, 2010. Member States were then allowed one year to transpose it into their own ...
WHO/Europe and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) coordinate the collection and analysis of influenza surveillance data that are provided by Member States through designated laboratories (national influenza centres - NICs) and a national influenza focal point for epidemiological surveillance in each country.. The surveillance data are presented in Flu News Europe, the joint ECDC-WHO/Europe influenza surveillance bulletin, which describes and comments on influenza activity in the 53 Member States of the European Region, providing weekly updates for public health specialists, clinicians and the public on the timing of the influenza season, the spread of influenza, the prevalence and characteristics of circulating viruses (type, subtype and lineage, resistance to antiviral drugs) and their severity. In addition, these data are shared with WHO headquarters, contributing to the biweekly global influenza update.. Surveillance data from European Union/European Economic Area ...
Latest news - European Food Safety Authority, Photos - European Food Safety Authority, Videos - European Food Safety Authority.European Food Safety Authority updates on Rediff News
Under the Treaty of Lisbon, the Netherlands was to get a 26th seat in the European Parliament. Because this treaty had not yet been ratified by all member states at the time of the elections, this seat could not be given to a party at that time. The State Secretary for the Interior, Ank Bijleveld-Schouten, made a proposal for allocating it if the Lisbon treaty were to be ratified by all member states, but this had not been accepted by parliament at the time of the election. According to the proposal made by the government, the seat would be awarded to the Party for Freedom. The Party for the Animals contested this proposal, claiming that the minister ignored part of the Electoral Councils opinion. They raised their objection after the official results came in. Under the Electoral Councils opinion, the Party for the Animals should have gained the seat.[4]. Several parties in the States-General had already stated that this changed the election rules after the elections, and, if the rules were to ...
Last July 4, the European Parliament issued a resolution on the European Commissions standardisation package called European Standards for
Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli poses a significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high mortality, primarily due to delays in administration of effective treatment and the limited availability of treatment options. ...
L 122/28 Official Journal of the European Union DIRECTIVE 2009/38/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6 May 2009 on the establishment of a European Works Council or a procedure
European Commission - Press Release details page - Brussels, 18 October 2001 The European Commission has approved a programme for urban regeneration in the urban district of Dudweiler in Saarbrücken, Germany. This URBAN(1) Community Initiative Programme will provide about € 9.9(2) million from the European Union over the period 2001-2006. The European funding has attracted € 12.6 million
The European Parliament has ratified seven key accords between the European Union and Switzerland. The agreements cover a range of issues, ...
The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) is a committee of the European Parliament. Its current chair, elected on 7 July 2014, is Thomas Händel.[1] It is responsible for overseeing employment discrimination law within the European Union, among other things.[2] ...
Protective measures for humans against avian influenza a(H5N8) outbreaks in 22 European Union/European economic area countries and Israel, 2016-17 ...
European Commission - Press Release details page - European Commission Olli REHN Vice-President of the European Commission and member of the Commission responsible for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro Rome 17 September, 2013 Onorevoli presidenti, onorevoli colleghi, Il dialogo con i parlamenti nazionali è un elemento chiave della nuova governance economica europea. Perciò sono davvero lieto
On 24th February 2016, the Italian Member of the European Parliament (MEP) Aldo Patriciello in collaboration with MedTech Europe* held a multi-stakeholder debate at the Parliament on the social and economic impact of heart failure.
POLLUTION: Bundesumweltministerium: UN-Umweltgipfel in Nairobi ruft zu mehr Einsatz gegen Umweltverschmutzung auf # OCEANS: UN designates 2021-2030 Decade of Ocean Science # EU COMMISSION REGISTER: DG ENVIRONMENT +++ REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL on progress in implementing Regulation (EC) 166/2006 concerning the establishment of a European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) +++ Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast) +++ Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast) +++ RSB_opinion Drinking Water.pdf +++ RSB_opinion Drinking Water.pdf # EU COUNCIL REGISTERSt 15070 2017 Add 1 COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) …/… of XXX amending the Appendices to Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of t ...
The European Parliament Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety backed the compromise on glyphosate on Tuesday morning. The Members of the European Parliament rejected the objection of the communist group, which called for an immediate ban of glyphosate. The environmental policy spokesman, Dr. Peter Liese, of the EPP-Group in the European Parliament welcomed the result: "The European Parliament voted already last year for timely limited extension of the approval of glyphosate with specific conditions. Even if I could have imagined some details differently, the appeal committee followed the parliaments recommendations yesterday. The original proposal of the Commission, namely 15 years renewal, was as wrong as the request for an immediate ban of glyphosate. Glyphosate must be subject to strict conditions and I hope that we will find an alternative in the coming years. However, I believe that if it is used according to strict rules its application is acceptable.". ...
Author Helicia Herman Editor European Affairs Correspondence [email protected]   Overview The European Parliament (EP) represents the i
The European Parliament on Thursday voted in favor of new rules to force European companies to hire new auditors at 10- to 24-year intervals, bringing mandatory auditor rotation into one of the worlds biggest economic regions.
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/The_1989_Election_of_the_European_Parlia.html?id=ihuIAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareThe 1989 Election of the European Parliament ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/The_1989_Election_of_the_European_Parlia.html?id=ihuIAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareThe 1989 Election of the European Parliament ...
Directive 2014/63/EU of the European Parliament was published in the Official Journal and defines pollen as a natural constituent of honey, rather than an ingredient.
The European Parliament vote adopting MEP Asa Westlunds report on the protection of public health from endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) (...)
Profile page - Arlene McCARTHY - Profile page of a current Member of the European Parliament - History of parliamentary service during the 6th legislative term including memberships in political groups, national parties, parliamentary committees and delegations as well as parliamentary activities and the declaration of financial interests.
The European Parliament has petitioned the World Health Organization to cease classifying transgender people as mentally ill, and to eliminate the current classification pf gender dysphoria as a mental and behavioral disorder in the WHOs International Classification of Diseases.
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2074/2005 of 5 December 2005 laying down implementing measures for certain products under Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and for the organisation of official controls under Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, derogating from Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Regulations (EC) No 853/2004 and (EC) No 854/2004 (OJ L338, 22.12.2005, page 27) ...
French far-right leader Marine Le Pen has been stripped of her European Parliament immunity and may now face charges of racism over comments she made comparing Muslim street prayers to an occupation of French territory.
Most of EFSAs work is undertaken in response to requests for scientific advice from the European Commission, the European Parliament and EU Member States. We also carry out scientific work on our own initiative, in particular to examine emerging issues and new hazards and to update our assessment methods and approaches. This is known as
19 EU member states have not yet drawn up laws to implement a directive setting limits on sulphur emissions from ships in the North Sea, Baltic Sea and English Channel that takes effect from next year. The European Commission will begin pilot investigations, the first stage of infringement proceedings, against member states that have not transposed the directive on the sulphur content of marine fuels. The Commission has confirmed that it will take appropriate and proportionate measures to address the fact that the so called scrubber technologies used to clean sulphur emissions from exhaust fumes cause sludge that is not easy to dispose of in some ports. The Commission has asked member states to provide detailed information on EU port acceptance of scrubbers, in particular the open loop systems which discharge water that has a chemical composition that may not be compatible with water regulations applied in protected areas like ports. Shipping companies will have to either use cleaner fuels, ...
India. European Commission May Ban Indian Shrimp. "Speculation" among United Kingdom shrimp importers is that the European Union is considering a ban on shrimp imports from India. Trade sources say that there have been increasing rejections of Indian shrimp because they contained antibiotics like nitrofurans and chloramphenicol. In addition to the UK ban, the European Commission (the executive arm of the European Union) is also believed to be blacklisting exporters whose products have been rejected.. The Commission is dissatisfied with the continued non-compliance and the lack of progress made by the Indian authorities. An advisor to Seafish, which represents the UK seafood industry, wrote to importers: "While the Commission has not taken any official action (the issue does not appear on any EU agenda) the future of Indian aquaculture imports is looking bleak. The directorate-general, health and food safety is seriously worried about the continuing finds of antibiotics in Indian shrimp and ...
|p|The worlds first transnational, digital right of initiative, the European Citizens Initiative (ECI) took effect on April 1, 2012, when the EU Regulation on the citizens initiative (No 2011/2011) entered into force. The ECI gives citizens within European Union (EU) Member States the right to call on the European Commission to propose new or change existing EU legislation. For an ECI to be considered, the subject matter must be within the Commissions legislative competence and organizers must gather at a minimum 1 million signatures (0.2 percent of the EUs population of 502 million) from at least 1⁄4 of EU Member States (currently seven) in one year. Nine months on, the new instrument has met with several difficulties in this experimental phase of implementation, and only eight ECIs have been able to start online signature collection.|/p|
European Union[edit]. The amended Fuel Quality Directive adopted in 2009 allows up to 3% v/v blend-in of methanol in petrol.[23 ... On January 26, 2011, the European Union's Directorate-General for Competition approved the Swedish Energy Agency's award of 500 ... "Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Union and of the Council". 2009.. ...
"New European. April 25, 2011.. *^ Lehman, Wilhelm (2003). "Lobbying in the European Union: current rules and practices" (PDF). ... the European Union; 2) the Council of Europe; 3) the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; 4) the Commonwealth ... Karr, Karolina (2007). Democracy and lobbying in the European Union. Campus Verlag. p. 10.. ... Today lobbying in the European Union is an integral and important part of decision-making in the EU. From year to year lobbying ...
European Union[edit]. There are some future policies that give incentives to use bioenergy such as Renewable Energy Directive ( ... The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with Europe, United States, and the United Kingdom and do not ... Up to date, there have been 23 BECCS projects around the world, with the majority in North America and Europe.[21][25] Today, ... Beside capturing CO2 from the ethanol plants, currently, there are 2 models in Europe are designed to capture CO2 from the ...
European Union[edit]. See also: European unemployment insurance. Each Member State of the European Union has its own system and ... European Union web site: your rights in the European Union for transferring unemployment benefits (Your Europe) ... "Act of Trade Unions and Industrial Disputes" (PDF). 2011.. *^ a b "Unemployment benefits in Iceland". www.a-kasser.dk. ... "The Ghent System and Union Membership in Europe, 1970-1996". Political Research Quarterly, University of Connecticut: 275-297. ...
European Union[edit]. The European Union is the greatest producer of biodiesel, with France and Germany being the top producers ... a duty was added to American imported biodiesel in the European Union in order to balance the competition from European, ... Approximately 85% of biodiesel production came from the European Union.[citation needed][73] ... "European Biodiesel Board. 2008-03-28. Retrieved 2008-04-03.. *^ "US Biodiesel Taxed in EU". US Biodiesel Taxed in EU. Hadden ...
Negotiating position of the European Union[edit]. On 28 January 2009, the European Commission released a position paper, " ... Directive 2009/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009, Official Journal of the European Union, ... European Union[edit]. To cut greenhouse gas emissions by 30% (including LULUCF[20]) below 1990 levels by 2020 if an ... 2 Negotiating position of the European Union. *3 Official pre-Copenhagen negotiation meetings *3.1 Bonn - second negotiating ...
European Union[edit]. EU foreign ministers "strongly condemned" the use of forged European passports in the killing.[180][181] ... European Union lists of terrorist organizations, and also considered a terrorist organization by the governments of Israel,[14] ... who stated that their airport personnel were trained by Europeans to identify faked documents, said that the European passports ... "Pictures of '11 Europeans' sought for Hamas killing". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 19 ...
European Union[edit]. In the EU, 5% ethanol can be added within the common gasoline spec (EN 228). Discussions are ongoing to ... Europe[edit]. Countries in Europe impose substantially higher taxes on fuels such as gasoline when compared to the United ... In the European Union, the benzene limit is set at 1% volume for all grades of automotive gasoline. ... Its use in the European Union is restricted by Article 8a of the Fuel Quality Directive[72] following its testing under the ...
European Union[edit]. A bridged stone river in Bistrishko Branishte, an early Bulgarian nature reserve established in 1934. ... A few of them predate the October Revolution of 1917, but most have been created during the Soviet Union era. There are also ... The Swiss National Park, created in 1914, was one of the earliest national parks in Europe. In addition to the Swiss National ... In fact, Sweden was the first European country that established 9 national parks.[10] There are almost 4,000 nature reserves in ...
In the European Union, individual states are obliged to enact legislation to comply with the requirements and obligations of ... Landfilling practices in the UK have had to change in recent years to meet the challenges of the European Landfill Directive. ... European countries that have banned the disposal of untreated waste in landfills ... the European Landfill Directive. In the UK this is the Waste Implementation Programme. ...
European Union[edit]. The EU has formalized efforts to expand farmers' markets to reduce food safety risks and poor nutrition ... To comply with the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) standards of research and its management of science-based research[23] ... "FOOD SAFETY - Overview - European Commission". 8 April 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2016.. ...
European Union 2020 regulation standards[edit]. The European Parliament, Council and European Commission has reached an ... Europe. The new Autorail à grande capacité (AGC or high-capacity railcar) built by the Canadian company Bombardier for service ... Current tax systems in many European countries use mineral oil taxation as a major income source. This is generally not the ... European patent EP 1165188). Until 2005 they built several prototype SH tricycles and quadricycles.[4] In 1999 Harald Kutzke ...
European Union[edit]. In 2010, the European Commission launched a public consultation[108] on a proposal to revise Directive ... Although Commissioner Dalli has rejected plain packaging as an option,[109] the European Union included in its proposal for a ... "European Union: Tobacco Products Directive (2014/40/EU)". Retrieved 29 October 2018.. ... "European Commission. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2012.. *^ "Plain packaging proposals for tobacco will 'damage ...
European Union. The European Parliament approved a "Whistleblower Protection Directive" containing broad free speech ... in all member states of the European Union. The Directive prohibits direct or indirect retaliation against employees, current ... 2018, "European Parliament Panel Approves Whistleblower Protections for all EU Countries" *^ Parliament, Houses of. "Acts List" ... The European Court of Human Rights ruled in 2008 that whistleblowing was protected as freedom of expression. And in February ...
European Union[edit]. Denmark established net-metering for privately owned PV systems in mid-1998 for a pilot-period of four ... Net metering was slow to be adopted in Europe, especially in the United Kingdom, because of confusion over how to address the ...
European Union[edit]. In 2008, Wyeth withdrew its application for Ellefore, the product under review for treatment of major ... depressive disorder in the European Union. In 2012, Pfizer received authorization in Spain to market Pristiq for the disorder ...
The UK and the European Union[edit]. Lydon publicly supported the United Kingdom remaining in the European Union during the ... stating that being outside of the European Union would be "insane and suicidal" for the United Kingdom, "We're never going to ... Further performances took place in Europe in 2007-08. In 2006, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted the Sex Pistols, but the ...
List of European Union directives. References[edit]. *^ Nanda, Ved P. (1996). Folsom, Ralph Haughwout; Lake, Ralph B., eds. ... European Union law after Maastricht: a practical guide for lawyers outside the common market. The Hague: Kluwer. p. 5. The ... A regulation is a legal act of the European Union[1] that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states ... As such, regulations constitute one of the most powerful forms of European Union law and a great deal of care is required in ...
Neonicotinoids banned by the European Union[edit]. See also: Neonicotinoid § European Union ... "Official Journal of the European Union, amending Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament ... Charlotte McDonald-Gibson (29 April 2013). "'Victory for bees' as European Union bans neonicotinoid pesticides blamed for ... the European Union voted for a two-year restriction on neonicotinoid insecticides.[64] The ban restricted the use of ...
... as well as approval of the European Union.[48] Approval of the European Union involves consent of the European Parliament as ... European Union[edit]. The European Union and its 28 Member States share competency on the subject of this convention. This ... the European Union and 22 countries which are member states of the European Union signed as well.[7] One signatory (Japan) has ... European Union[edit]. A draft Report from 26 August 2008 by the European Commission tried to establish a mandate from the ...
European Union[edit]. Gas prices for end users vary greatly across the EU.[115] A single European energy market, one of the key ... Farah, Paolo Davide (2015). "Offshore Natural Gas Resources in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Relations to the European Union ... In Western Europe, the gas pipeline network is already dense.[43][better source needed][full citation needed] New pipelines are ... "Gas Infrastructure Europe". Energia Mexicana (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 June 2009.. *^ Ulvestad, Marte; Overland, Indra (2012 ...
Germany and European Union[edit]. Before implementation of the current European Union community-wide list of permitted ... No 2232/96 of the European Parliament and of the Council". Official Journal of the European Union. L267. 2 October 2012. In ... there was a European Union proposal to limit the amount to 0.3%, which was met with wide opposition.[6] Although the European ... Northern Europe. Main ingredients. liquorice-root extract, salmiak salt (sal ammoniac; ammonium chloride), sugar, glucose syrup ...
European Union[edit]. The following parametric standards are included in the Drinking Water Directive and are expected to be ... In Europe, this includes the European Drinking Water Directive[2] and in the United States the United States Environmental ... The following table provides a comparison of a selection of parameters for concentrations listed by WHO, the European Union, ... In Europe, this includes a requirement for member states to enact appropriate local legislation to mandate the directive in ...
European Union. Retrieved 30 July 2010.. *^ "Languages of Europe - Official EU languages". European Commission. Retrieved 27 ... The European Union (EU) and Ukraine signed the economic part of the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement on 27 June ... Hungarian and Romanian are official languages of the European Union, Russian is not.[123][124]) Ukrainian officials stressed ... namely English or one of the other official languages of the European Union. The law stipulates a 3-year transitional period to ...
European Union[edit]. See also: European labour law and Draft Fifth Company Law Directive ... In the 1970s, the European Community (now the European Union) drafted the 5th Directive on company law, proposing a two-tier ... S Vitols, 'Prospects for trade unions in the evolving European system of corporate governance' (2005) ETUI, summarising ... Shareholders (mostly banks) and workers (who can delegate their votes to trade unions) elect members of a supervisory board ( ...
Michael J. Schaack, Anarchy and Anarchists: A History of the Red Terror and the Social Revolution in America and Europe. ... The schools were grouped in District Unions and for the first ten years were affiliated to the Council. However, in 1920 the ... Danger Ahead: Socialist and Proletarian Sunday Schools. London: British Empire Union, 1922. ... A national movement, the National Council of British Socialist Sunday Schools Union, formed in 1909, however, traces its origin ...
Future of Europe: Anna Isaac answers your questions on the economic future of Europes youth ... Comment: Europes populists dont want to leave the EU. The real danger for Brussels is that they want to stay Fraser Nelson ... Future of Europe: Why in Emmanuel Macron the EU has its greatest saviour - and biggest liability Premium ... Comment: The British Left has always had a strange love affair with Right-wing austerity Europe Ambrose Evans-Pritchard ...
... the trade-off between inflation and employment for countries that have adhered to the exchange rate mechanism of the European ...
This article relating to European Union law is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... requires agreement of and allows amendments by both the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The Assent ... In European Union law, a decision is a legal instrument which is binding upon those individuals to which it is addressed.[1][2] ... The Council of the European Union can delegate power to make decisions to the European Commission.[1] ...
List of European Union directives. References[edit]. *^ Nanda, Ved P. (1996). Folsom, Ralph Haughwout; Lake, Ralph B., eds. ... European Union law after Maastricht: a practical guide for lawyers outside the common market. The Hague: Kluwer. p. 5. The ... A regulation is a legal act of the European Union[1] that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states ... As such, regulations constitute one of the most powerful forms of European Union law and a great deal of care is required in ...
The European Taekwondo Union (ETU) is the official governing body for all Taekwondo matters in Europe as a regional ... Members of the European Taekwondo Union (WTF Style) uses the Hyung#Poomsae style of teaching Taekwondo. Etiquette Modesty ... The First European Championships of the ETU were held in Barcelona on May 22-23, 1976. After being considered only a ... It comprises the National Taekwondo Federations of all the European member nations and regulates all Taekwondo matters on a ...
A recommendation in the European Union, according to Article 288 of the [Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union] ( ... According to the terms of the Treaty on European Union "In order to ensure the proper functioning and development of the common ... EUR-Lex "Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union". EUR-Lex. EU. Craig, Paul; De Burca, Grainne (2007). EU Law: Text, ...
Furthermore, due to the sufficient half-life of 18F and a better access to PET centres in Europe, FDOPA will be accessible to ... pathologies are not covered by FDG which is the only other PET radiopharmaceutical currently registered in the European Union ... The results comply with the European Pharmacopoeia when monographs are available and the other specific methods are validated. ... The formula meets in house specifications based on the European Pharmacopoeia general monograph on Radiopharmaceuticals and USP ...
Latest European Union News. Serbia police detain 71 after 4th night of virus protests. Jul. 11, 2020 1:03 PM EDT ... PRISTINA, Kosovo (AP) - Kosovos president on Saturday announced a one-year extension of the mandate of the European Unions ... Sunday will decide a tight runoff election between populist incumbent President Andrzej Duda and his liberal pro-European Union ...
Latest European Union News. The Latest: Spain sets up field hospital in northern city. Aug. 12, 2020 8:41 AM EDT ... BRUSSELS (AP) - The European Union on Wednesday began to reimpose customs duties on certain exports from Cambodia in response ... CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - The European Union said Tuesday it wont send observers to monitor Venezuelas upcoming congressional ... as the United States warned that such deals with Beijing could jeopardize the Balkan countrys proclaimed European Union ...
Home » Policies and Measures » PAMS » European Union. Updated Energy Labelling of Household Appliances (Refrigerators/Freezers) ...
Home » Policies and Measures » PAMS » European Union. New EU-US Energy Star Agreement. ... This is the first time that the Council and the European Parliament agree on making certain energy efficiency criteria ...
The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the Coming Dark Age. By James Kirchick ... Fractured Continent: Europes Crisis and the Fate of the West. By William Drozdiak ...
Unlike the European Union, the Netherlands meets European targets for education The proportion of school-drop-outs in the ... Randstad economy fourth largest in Europe The Randstad region is the largest economic urban region in the European Union (EU) ... Differences in prosperity levels in Europe reduced The Netherlands was the second most prosperous country in the European Union ... Netherlands largest manufacturer of bicycles in Europe The overall value of bicycles manufactured in the European Union ...
IMAGINE persuading 15 independent governments to agree on common tax policies, and you soon realise why the European Union has ... Moreover, if tax breaks inside the Union are eliminated, footloose people (and companies) might go outside the Union altogether ... More from Europe. Parades end. A phoney referendum shows Putins legitimacy is fading. ... This article appeared in the Europe section of the print edition under the headline Taxidermy ...
... adopted by the European Union in 2006, is the most prominent example of a mandatory data retention framework. The highly ... controversial Directive compels all ISPs and telecommunications service providers operating in Europe to collect and retain... ... which can have implications throughout the European Union. The European Commission is carrying out an impact assessment of the ... Countries outside the European Union such as Serbia and Iceland have also adopted data retention laws. Constitutional Courts in ...
... funded by the European Union. The study is published today in The BMJ. ...
A European Union?. A European Union?. Stefan Zweigs essays in Messages From a Lost World are a product of his displacement and ... But Europe had changed forever. In 1943, Hannah Arendt noted how wealth had insulated Zweig from Europes postwar miseries. ... Nietzsches notion of "good Europeans" was an attempt to revitalize the idea of Europe without returning to Christianity, or to ... and people under the aegis of the European Union. But even this partially realized version is now under serious threat. At a ...
This page gathers key information on the European Union participation in the WTO ... European Union site. Europa (This site is selected by the Member States of the European Union). European Commission ... The European Union and the WTO. This page gathers key information on the European Unions participation in the WTO. The ... Notifications from the European Union (formerly European Communities) Search Documents Online. Search links open a new window: ...
http://www.comune.cuneo.it/attivita-istituzionali-interne/sportello-europe-direct-cuneo.html ...
Green growth is at the heart of EU policy to ensure that Europes economic growth is environmentally sustainable. The EU also ... Towards a greener and more sustainable Europe. EU citizens benefit from some of the highest environmental standards in the ... The EU and national governments have set clear objectives to guide European environment policy until 2020 and a vision beyond ... EU invests more than €100 million in new LIFE Programme projects to promote a green and climate-neutral Europe ...
... will contribute to effective policies that lead to the improvement of quality of life and work in a fair and competitive Europe ... European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions) is a tripartite EU body, whose mission is to provide ... What do Europeans do at work? A task-based analysis: European Jobs Monitor 2016. News • Jun 20, 2016 17:59 BST Europe has begun ... The fifth annual European Jobs Monitor report looks at employment shifts in the European Union. ...
Researchers estimated the lifetime rate of nonmedical opioid use in the European Union to be nearly 14%. Past-year prevelance ... Conducted by investigators at RTI International, new research examined nonmedical prescription drug use in five European ...
President Junckers first State of the Union Address focused on major challenges included the emerging refugee crisis, the ... State of the Union 2015 - by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker. This publication provides the complete picture ... State of the Union 2015 - by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker 09 September 2015 ... State of the Union 2015: Time for Honesty, Unity and Solidarity. State of the Union 2015: Time for Honesty, Unity and ...
President Donald Trump said Saturday that the European Unions trade policies have been brutal to the United States, a ... "So, a lot of countries, and I wont be particular, but I will tell you the European Union -- brutal," Trump said at a lunch ... Trump: European Union has been brutal to the US. By Devan Cole ... President Donald Trump said Saturday that the European Unions ... "We will not sit idly while our industry is hit with unfair measures that put thousands of European jobs at risk," European ...
An EU Pet Passport is a document issued by an official veterinarian in an European Union (EU) Member State (country within the ...
  • PRISTINA, Kosovo (AP) - Kosovo's president on Saturday announced a one-year extension of the mandate of the European Union's mission to ensure the rule of law in Kosovo. (ap.org)
  • This page gathers key information on the European Union's participation in the WTO. (wto.org)
  • President Donald Trump said Saturday that the European Union's trade policies have "been brutal" to the United States, a sentiment he shared both online and in person after EU leaders condemned his recently announced 25% tariff on steel and 10% tariff on aluminum imports. (cnn.com)
  • As Ron Corben reports from Bangkok, analysts say the European Union's push in Asia follows the example of the United States and other nations seeking trade deals in the fast-growing Asia-Pacific region. (voanews.com)
  • BRUSSELS (AP) -- The European Union's statistics office on Wednesday revised its second quarter economic growth estimate up slightly in the latest sign that the bloc has left a protracted recession behind. (yahoo.com)
  • BONN, Germany (CN) - The European Union's executive body filed 500 notices against member states for failing to comply with EU law. (courthousenews.com)
  • According to the Article 3 of the European Union Treaty, Union's aim is to promote peace, its values and the well-being of its peoples. (bartleby.com)
  • Looking at the neighborhood of the Ortaköy Office of the Secretariat General for European Union Affairs, I cannot help but think that there is no better demonstration of the European Union's motto "United in Diversity. (opednews.com)
  • The European Union's Convergence Criterias - Advantage or Disadvantage? (bartleby.com)
  • BRUSSELS (Reuters) - The European Union formally extended its economic sanctions on Russia on Wednesday, a widely expected step that keeps restrictions on business with Russian energy, defence and financial sectors until Jan. 31, 2018. (reuters.com)
  • 2018: The year the European Union stands and delivers? (csmonitor.com)
  • January 16, 2018 Paris and Amsterdam - At this time last year, the Dutch, French, and Germans were heading toward elections whose stakes were no less than the endurance of the European Union. (csmonitor.com)
  • According to the terms of the Treaty on European Union "In order to ensure the proper functioning and development of the common market, the Commission (…) formulate recommendations or deliver opinions on matters dealt with in this Treaty, if it expressively so provides or if the Commission considers it necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Theresa May has said she will trigger the formal process for the UK to leave the European Union by the end of March 2017. (sky.com)
  • President Juncker's State of the Union speech covered progress in implementing the Commission's ten priorities , and explained where work needs to be done. (europa.eu)
  • Despite EU intentions to crack down on tax avoidance, the European Commission's Anti-Tax Avoidance Package does not do what it says on the tin, warns Oxfam, and developing countries will feel the EU's failure most. (oxfam.org)
  • EU auditors said the European Commission's efforts to tackle food waste have lacked effort, coordination, been fragmented and intermittent - and without even a real definition of food waste, in a report released yesterday. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Superwoman Darasalam at the heart of fighting malnutrition in Chad - Together with the government of Chad and the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO), UNICEF is fighting the alarming rate of severe acute malnutrition. (unicef.org)
  • Treating malnutrition in South Sudan - With the European Commission's support, UNICEF and its partners have treated over 50 000 severely malnourished children this year. (unicef.org)
  • The European Commission's actions spanned every sector of governance and applied to all 27 member states. (courthousenews.com)
  • The European Commission's Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy, published on Thursday, provides few clues as to how it intends to deliver greater social fairness that it commits to in its €750bn Recovery and Resilience Plan, warns the ETUC. (etuc.org)
  • Britain will step up its planning for a no-deal Brexit on Thursday as it publishes a series of notes advising people and businesses how to protect themselves from the potential disruption of a clean break with the European Union. (euractiv.com)
  • The migrant crisis is thought to be the chief precipitating event behind the shocking UK Brexit vote outcome, along with the general sense that the European Union and its ever expanding bureaucracy and high-handed intrusiveness is becoming intolerable. (powerlineblog.com)
  • The euro crisis, several sovereign debt crises, the Great Recession, the refugee crisis, and Brexit have all challenged Europeans' willingness to show solidarity with other European citizens and member states of the European Union. (routledge.com)
  • The Council of the European Union is the main decision-making body of the European Union. (europa.eu)
  • An Irish constitutional challenge against its 2009 data retention law has been referred to the European Court of Justice (ECJ). (eff.org)
  • 1980), commonly known as the Rome Convention , which applied in the member states of the European Union (EU) and whose interpretation lay within the scope of the European Court of Justice upon reference from national courts. (britannica.com)
  • The European Court of Justice has said Germany's rules on amino acids as ingredients are not compatible with EU law, creating potential for confusion on amino acid rules in the EU. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Future of Europe: is the EU's dream of expansion to the east dead? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • European border closures and restrictions are dramatically worsening the humanitarian crisis for refugees and migrants and a decision to shift the EU's responsibility for refugees to Turkey would see the bloc bargaining its core values and abandoning fundamental legal obligations. (oxfam.org)
  • In this context, it should be noted that while applying the EU's binding standards in an area covered by the Charter, some member States of the European Union have not accepted the Charter provisions establishing legally equivalent guarantees. (coe.int)
  • This last motivation in particular informed the awarding of the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize to the European Union, which also mentioned the EU's fostering of democracy in its member nations. (questia.com)
  • The Treaty of European Union, signed in Maastricht, the Netherlands, in 1992 and ratified in 1993, provided for a central banking system, a common currency to replace the national currencies (the euro), a legal definition of the EU, and a framework for expanding the EU's political role, particularly in the area of foreign and security policy. (questia.com)
  • What is unlikely to change, however, is the EU's ambition of "ever closer union" written into the treaties. (bbc.com)
  • Europe has begun to emerge from the prolonged slump caused by the global financial crisis in 2008 and exacerbated by the euro zone single-currency crisis in 2010-2011. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The European Union has been awarded the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize, a move that comes as the 27-member bloc works to contain the debt crisis in the euro zone. (wsj.com)
  • Norway's Nobel Committee handed its 2012 Peace Prize to the European Union, even as the bloc faces its most serious crisis since it emerged from the ruins of two world wars, an award that served as both endorsement and warning. (wsj.com)
  • People will tell you that Europe is not in crisis. (nytimes.com)
  • But if a "grand coalition" is formed in Germany, allowing Ms. Merkel and Mr. Macron to renew the Franco-German partnership that is at the heart of the bloc, many see an opening to act on reforms to deepen the integration of the EU - now that eurozone economies are taking off after the debt crisis, and citizen optimism in the European project is at its highest in years. (csmonitor.com)
  • A European Union summit meeting ended in failure and mutual recriminations early Saturday morning, after the collapse of negotiations over plans for a budget. (nytimes.com)
  • Europe is back," Macron declared last week on a trip to China as negotiations were underway in Germany. (csmonitor.com)
  • European Union trade ministers agreed Thursday to launch negotiations on a mega-sized free trade deal with Japan while pledging to safeguard Europe's struggling carmakers. (industryweek.com)
  • Turkey, which has started membership negotiations with the European Union, has made major progress in the last decade. (opednews.com)
  • On May 6, 2009, Canada and the European Union (EU) announced the launch of negotiations towards a comprehensive economic agreement. (gc.ca)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters) - Establishing a pan-European banking union is a "critically important next step" to stabilizing that region's troubled economy, an influential U.S. Federal Reserve official said on Monday, wading into a debate that has split the euro zone. (reuters.com)
  • We have achieved a substantial breakthrough, but we have not achieved everything we want," European Trade Commissioner Sir Leon Brittan said at a Tokyo news conference. (latimes.com)
  • Turkey "continues to take huge strides away from the EU, in particular in the areas of rule of law and fundamental rights," European Commissioner Johannes Hahn, who oversees EU membership bids, told a news conference after publishing the report. (reuters.com)
  • For the regulation of the European Union single market, see Internal market . (wikipedia.org)
  • A regulation is a legal act of the European Union that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states simultaneously. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though there have been many setbacks to a united Europe, including WWI, WWII, and the Cold War, the realization of a united Europe became a reality with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 creating the European Union (EU). (bartleby.com)
  • Eurostat, the official statistics bureau of the European Union, has published data report on Europe's farms, fisheries and food supply. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Enthusiasts for the new forum agreed by France and Germany for discussing economic policy among euro members argue that a single currency must lead to common taxes, common labour-market rules-and ultimately to political union. (economist.com)
  • She told supporters: "We're going to be a fully independent sovereign country that is no longer part of a political union with supranational institutions that can override national parliaments and courts. (sky.com)
  • It is today the robust man of Europe, both in terms of its economy and its mature democratic institutions. (opednews.com)
  • Both of these institutions have had an immensely positive impact on Europe, both socially and economically. (bartleby.com)
  • Economics - protectionism, free trade, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), Europe since the 2008 economic crash, the north-south divide in Europe, and the Euro and Eurozone. (nls.uk)
  • Concerns are growing among European investors and lawmakers that plans for a eurozone banking union will end up half-baked, with the financial backstops required to underpin the ambitious scheme unlikely to be in place for years. (financialpost.com)
  • Macron gave a major policy speech in September outlining his vision for the future of Europe, including a more integrated eurozone. (csmonitor.com)
  • The European Union 's executive arm, alarmed by the trend, estimates that, if birthrates remain this low, the bloc will have a shortfall of 20 million workers by 2030. (nytimes.com)
  • WARSAW, Poland (AP) - Voters in Poland on Sunday will decide a tight runoff election between populist incumbent President Andrzej Duda and his liberal pro-European Union challenger, Warsaw Mayor Rafal Trzaskowski. (ap.org)
  • After a year of challenges from the populist far right, Europe looks set for an opportunity to reform. (csmonitor.com)
  • Tillerson will hold talks over lunch with European Union foreign ministers and the bloc's diplomatic chief Federica Mogherini, before a two-day NATO meeting set to focus on North Korea's missile programme and concerns over perceived hostility from Russia. (ndtv.com)
  • European powers are keen to maintain the deal and Mogherini last month travelled to Washington to lobby US lawmakers not to withdraw from the agreement. (ndtv.com)
  • Preserving the nuclear deal with Iran and its full implementation is a key security priority for Europe," Mogherini said on Friday. (ndtv.com)
  • The European Union has begun trade talks with South Korea and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). (voanews.com)
  • The talks are driven in part by European fears of being blocked out of Asian markets as governments in the region sign trade deals with each other and the United States. (voanews.com)
  • As the United States continues to threaten sanctions to win better foreign access to Japan's automobile market, Tokyo yielded ground Tuesday on some auto trade issues in talks with the European Union. (latimes.com)
  • Europe is going into these talks with its eyes wide open,' he said, while adding that he was confident that Tokyo was ready to open up its market, recently having finally agreed to grant liquor licenses for EU firms. (industryweek.com)
  • The return of people from Greece to Turkey takes Europe yet another step closer to a policy of deterrence and indifference, Oxfam says in reaction to deportations starting today. (oxfam.org)
  • How Turkey lost its shot at the European Union. (slate.com)
  • Together they explain a bald fact of life: Turkey is not going to join the European Union. (slate.com)
  • And yet just how little of a true neocon he is can be seen by the fact that Sarkozy is the first leading politician in any large European country to say loudly and clearly that Turkey will not join the European Union. (slate.com)
  • It warned that years of progress toward European Union standards in human rights, freedom of expression and the rule of law were being reversed and that Turkey had seen a weakening of local democracy as presidential powers increased. (reuters.com)
  • Turkey isn't the one moving away from the European Union. (reuters.com)
  • That would be a wrong signal towards those in Turkey who still long for European values," Germany's Michael Roth told reporters at a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Luxembourg. (reuters.com)
  • From everyday rituals such as coffee-drinking to the very name of "Europa" which comes after a Phoenician princess that crossed to Europe from Anatolia, Turkey has been an integral part of European history, culture and geography. (opednews.com)
  • Today, the need for further integration, as in full-membership, is just as crucial and urgent, both for Turkey and the European Union. (opednews.com)
  • Indeed, it is impossible to think that the European Union would be complete without Istanbul and Turkey. (opednews.com)
  • Turkey is no meek candidate waiting for the European Union to bail out its economy or create employment. (opednews.com)
  • The EU is a single customs union with a single trade policy and tariff. (wto.org)
  • The EEA, DG ENV, DG CLIMA, the DG for Research and Innovation, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and Eurostat work in close collaboration on the knowledge base for European environment and and climate policy. (europa.eu)
  • The United States and the European Union stand ready to work with others in welcoming into the international community a North Korea that abandons its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction and policy of threats aimed at its neighbors and that protects the rights of its people. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • In the section of the European Union you find the information about the funds of EU, the cohesion policy and the territorial agenda of the EU. (mmr.cz)
  • The cohesion policy, or the policy of the economic, social and territorial cohesion, is with the common agricultural policy the most important policy of the European Union. (mmr.cz)
  • With this collection of manuscripts on European Joint Actions (JA) on Public Health, Archives of Public Health contributes to public health knowledge, policy and practice. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is one of the focal points of our multi-dimensional, pro-active foreign policy that aims to spread European values and democratic rights around the globe.This includes areas such as the Middle East and North Africa, which claim the attention of the whole world. (opednews.com)
  • Banking union has the potential to make a powerful contribution to euro zone stability and growth, both in the short term and in the long term," said Dudley, a permanent voter on policy at the U.S. central bank and a close ally of Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke. (reuters.com)
  • The government welcomed a European Union decision to ease sanctions imposed on Nigeria three years ago to nudge the West African nation toward democracy. (latimes.com)
  • Since 2015, Venezuela has been hit by sanctions from the United States, Switzerland, Panama and the 28 members of the European Union. (miamiherald.com)
  • Under the sanctions that were imposed in tandem with the United States, European companies are banned from doing business with or investing in Russia's defence and energy industries, while financial ties are severely limited. (reuters.com)
  • Migration will dominate the fifth Summit between Africa and the European Union, which will be held in Abidjan on 29 and 30 November. (euractiv.com)
  • T he Scottish government has announced in its White Paper that it aims for Scotland to gain EU membership simultaneously with independence, but some European officials have argued that Scotland would have to leave the EU and apply for membership from outside. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Activists, one wearing a mask of French President Emmanuel Macron, attend a demonstration in support of Mr. Macron's pro-Europe aims near the German Social Democratic Party's headquarters in Berlin on Jan. 11. (csmonitor.com)
  • Banking union aims to stabilize the euro zone by separating ailing banks from state finances. (reuters.com)
  • On June 1, 1998, the EMI ceased to operate and the European Central Bank (ECB) commenced operations. (imf.org)
  • Oxfam is dismayed by the results of the European summit, which has strengthened a security-led approach to border control as the principal response of Europe to the plight of people arriving at its borders. (oxfam.org)
  • The Developments in Working Life in Europe 2014 annual review, which is part of a series of annual reviews published by Eurofound, shows that Europe is undergoing significant changes in terms of its economy, industrial relations and working conditions. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • In the immediate aftermath of the recession in 2008, employment in the public sector continued to grow, helping to sustain demand in the European economy. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Still, even meager growth in Europe provides a boon to the global economy. (yahoo.com)
  • The European Unemployment Dilemma ," Journal of Political Economy , University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(3), pages 514-550, June. (repec.org)
  • Protracted recession and a series of banking crises in Europe have hampered the global economy and the frustratingly slow U.S. economic recovery. (reuters.com)
  • Yesterday, in discussing Mike Pence's speech in Munich, I argued that the animosity towards President Trump expressed by some of our European allies has little or nothing to do with Trump's statements about Russia and NATO. (powerlineblog.com)
  • The Washington Post reports that European leaders are "shocked" by statements Donald Trump has made about the EU and NATO. (powerlineblog.com)
  • CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - The European Union said Tuesday it won't send observers to monitor Venezuela's upcoming congressional election, citing a lack of fair conditions for a vote that could erase the opposition's last major domestic stronghold of power. (ap.org)
  • This then played into the hands of demagogue politicians who painted a relatively negative and unbalanced picture of European integration. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Desiring further political integration, the EMU was designed to maintain price stability through a central bank known as the European Central Bank (ECB). (bartleby.com)
  • The debate over political integration was furthered by the introduction of ideas for increased fiscal federalism, similar to the current policies within the United States currency union. (bartleby.com)
  • The first step has been taken in what is intended to be a far-reaching audit of Britain's relationship with the European Union. (bbc.com)
  • The Single European Act (1987) amended the EC's treaties so as to strengthen the organization's ability to create a single internal market. (questia.com)
  • This article relating to European Union law is a stub . (wikipedia.org)
  • What does triggering Article 50 mean and how does the UK leave the European Union? (parliament.uk)
  • British Prime Minister Theresa May has shown that she is no Ms. Maybe, and has formally triggered the Article 50 timetable for the UK to leave the European Union. (powerlineblog.com)
  • The following article is a summary of a project to provide advice to Illinois farmers wishing to engage in value added work by selling a ready to eat meal in the European Union. (americanbar.org)
  • But Europeans keep dictating the agenda, due to lack of political unity in the African Union. (euractiv.com)
  • Reflecting the turmoil after a series of political setbacks in recent weeks, leaders of the European Union lashed out at one another. (nytimes.com)
  • The European Union is acting against the political peace in Venezuela when it meddles in internal affairs and insists on applying coercive measures that go against peace and dialogue between Venezuelans," the ministry said. (miamiherald.com)
  • political union? (bartleby.com)
  • In her speech, Mrs May said: "Having voted to leave, I know that the public will soon expect to see on the horizon the point at which Britain does formally leave the European Union. (sky.com)
  • The EU Data Retention Directive (DRD), adopted by the European Union in 2006, is the most prominent example of a mandatory data retention framework. (eff.org)
  • The highly controversial Directive compels all ISPs and telecommunications service providers operating in Europe to collect and retain a subscriber's incoming and outgoing phone numbers, IP addresses, location data, and other key telecom and Internet traffic data for a period of 6 months to 2 years. (eff.org)
  • The ECJ may decide on the legality of the overall Directive, which can have implications throughout the European Union. (eff.org)
  • Help with this can be obtained from the United States Department of Agriculture through its Foreign Agricultural Service U.S. Mission to the European Union (FAS). (americanbar.org)
  • MINSK, Belarus (AP) - The top opposition candidate in Belarus' presidential election left for Lithuania Tuesday but anti-government demonstrators still turned out for a third straight night to protest the vote results, despite a massive police crackdown that prompted a warning of possible European Union. (ap.org)
  • Cuba say it has resumed formal ties with all European Union nations, ending a strain in relations following Cuba's 2003 government crackdown on dissidents. (voanews.com)
  • Following the crackdown, the European Union began to reduce high-level government visits and invited dissidents to embassy gatherings. (voanews.com)
  • European Union leaders should publicly and privately press China's government to end its crackdown on human rights and immediately release all detained activists, Human Rights Watch said yesterday in a joint letter with a dozen other nongovernmental organisations. (ekklesia.co.uk)
  • He enjoyed Herzl's company and respected his singular commitment to the Zionist cause, but Zweig never subscribed to a doctrine that he thought repurposed the creeds of European nationalism. (thenation.com)