Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.
Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.
A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.
A genus of DNA viruses in the family PAPILLOMAVIRIDAE. They preferentially infect the anogenital and ORAL MUCOSA in humans and primates, causing both malignant and benign neoplasms. Cutaneous lesions are also seen.
A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
A malignant neoplasm derived from TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIAL CELLS, occurring chiefly in the URINARY BLADDER; URETERS; or RENAL PELVIS.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
Toxins produced, especially by bacterial or fungal cells, and released into the culture medium or environment.
A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
The branch of psychology which seeks to learn more about the fundamental causes of behavior by studying various psychologic phenomena in controlled experimental situations.
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Gross hypo- or aplasia of one or more long bones of one or more limbs. The concept includes amelia, hemimelia, phocomelia, and sirenomelia.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
A person's view of himself.

Heart rate and subsequent blood pressure in young adults: the CARDIA study. (1/13036)

The objective of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that baseline heart rate (HR) predicts subsequent blood pressure (BP) independently of baseline BP. In the multicenter longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study of black and white men and women initially aged 18 to 30 years, we studied 4762 participants who were not current users of antihypertensive drugs and had no history of heart problems at the baseline examination (1985-1986). In each race-sex subgroup, we estimated the effect of baseline HR on BP 2, 5, 7, and 10 years later by use of repeated measures regression analysis, adjusting for baseline BP, age, education, body fatness, physical fitness, fasting insulin, parental hypertension, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, and change of body mass index from baseline. The association between baseline HR and subsequent systolic BP (SBP) was explained by multivariable adjustment. However, HR was an independent predictor of subsequent diastolic BP (DBP) regardless of initial BP and other confounders in white men, white women, and black men (0.7 mm Hg increase per 10 bpm). We incorporated the part of the association that was already present at baseline by not adjusting for baseline DBP: the mean increase in subsequent DBP was 1.3 mm Hg per 10 bpm in white men, white women, and black men. A high HR may be considered a risk factor for subsequent high DBP in young persons.  (+info)

Obstetric and neonatal outcome following chronic hypertension in pregnancy among different ethnic groups. (2/13036)

We retrospectively studied pre-eclampsia rate and obstetric outcome in a cohort of 436 pregnancies amongst 318 women of different ethnic backgrounds attending an antenatal hypertension clinic from 1980-1997, identifying 152 women (213 pregnancies) with chronic essential hypertension. The ethnic breakdown was: White, 64 (30.0%) pregnancies in 48 (31.5%) women; Black/Afro-Caribbean, 79 (37.1%) pregnancies in 56 (36.8%) women; and Indo-Asians, 70 (32.3%) pregnancies in 48 (31.6%) women. The prevalences of pre-eclampsia in White, Black and Indo-Asian women were 17.2%, 12.7% and 18.6%, respectively (p = 0.58). Pregnancies of Indo-Asian women were of shorter gestation, and babies in this group also had lower birth weight and ponderal index compared to those of White and Black women (all p < 0.05). The proportions of overall perinatal mortality were 1.6% for Whites (1/64), 3.8% for Blacks (3/79) and 10.0% for Indo-Asians (7/70), suggesting increased risk in the Indo-Asian group. Indo-Asian women with chronic essential hypertension need careful antenatal care and observation during pregnancy.  (+info)

Associations of anti-beta2-glycoprotein I autoantibodies with HLA class II alleles in three ethnic groups. (3/13036)

OBJECTIVE: To determine any HLA associations with anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) antibodies in a large, retrospectively studied, multiethnic group of 262 patients with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or another connective tissue disease. METHODS: Anti-beta2GPI antibodies were detected in sera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HLA class II alleles (DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1) were determined by DNA oligotyping. RESULTS: The HLA-DQB1*0302 (DQ8) allele, typically carried on HLA-DR4 haplotypes, was associated with anti-beta2GPI when compared with both anti-beta2GPI-negative SLE patients and ethnically matched normal controls, especially in Mexican Americans and, to a lesser extent, in whites. Similarly, when ethnic groups were combined, HLA-DQB1*0302, as well as HLA-DQB1*03 alleles overall (DQB1*0301, *0302, and *0303), were strongly correlated with anti-beta2GPI antibodies. The HLA-DR6 (DR13) haplotype DRB1*1302; DQB1*0604/5 was also significantly increased, primarily in blacks. HLA-DR7 was not significantly increased in any of these 3 ethnic groups, and HLA-DR53 (DRB4*0101) was increased in Mexican Americans only. CONCLUSION: Certain HLA class II haplotypes genetically influence the expression of antibodies to beta2GPI, an important autoimmune response in the APS, but there are variations in HLA associations among different ethnic groups.  (+info)

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in white and black patients with diabetes mellitus. (4/13036)

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBSAg) and antibody (anti-HBS) was determined in 531 white and 519 black diabetic outpatients and in appropriate white and black control populations. There was no difference between the prevalence of either HBSAg or anti-HBS in either the white or black diabetics and that in the white and black controls. These findings make it unlikely that the vast majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have either an increased susceptibility to infection by the hepatitis B virus or an impaired ability to clear the virus once they are infected.  (+info)

Biochemical indices of osteomalacia in pregnant Asian immigrants in Britain. (5/13036)

Serum calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphatase, and urinary calcium excretion were examined during the second trimester of uncomplicated normal pregnancy in Asian immigrants to Britain and in local Caucasians. The mean serum calcium was significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians, and the mean serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly higher in Asians. The geometric mean of the urinary calcium excretion was highly significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians. The variances of the serum calcium, serum alkaline phosphatase, and urine calcium excretion did not differ significantly in the two populations. This indicates that there is a shift in values of immigrant Asians as a group compared with Caucasians. A comparison with figures obtained on normal nonpregnant persons of both suggests that the shift is not an inherent feature of the Asian population.  (+info)

Racial differences in the outcome of left ventricular dysfunction. (6/13036)

BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that black patients with congestive heart failure have a higher mortality rate than whites with the same condition. This finding has been attributed to differences in the severity, causes, and management of heart failure, the prevalence of coexisting conditions, and socioeconomic factors. Although these factors probably account for some of the higher mortality due to congestive heart failure among blacks, we hypothesized that racial differences in the natural history of left ventricular dysfunction might also have a role. METHODS: Using data from the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) prevention and treatment trials, in which all patients received standardized therapy and follow-up, we conducted a retrospective analysis of the outcomes of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction among black and white participants. The mean (+/-SD) follow-up was 34.2+/-14.0 months in the prevention trial and 32.3+/-14.8 months in the treatment trial among the black and white participants. RESULTS: The overall mortality rates in the prevention trial were 8.1 per 100 person-years for blacks and 5.1 per 100 person years for whites. In the treatment trial, the rates were 16.7 per 100 person-years and 13.4 per 100 person-years, respectively. After adjustment for age, coexisting conditions, severity and causes of heart failure, and use of medications, blacks had a higher risk of death from all causes in both the SOLVD prevention trial (relative risk, 1.36; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.06 to 1.74; P=0.02) and the treatment trial (relative risk, 1.25; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.50; P=0.02). In both trials blacks were also at higher risk for death due to pump failure and for the combined end point of death from any cause or hospitalization for heart failure, our two predefined indicators of the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Blacks with mild-to-moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction appear to be at higher risk for progression of heart failure and death from any cause than similarly treated whites. These results suggest that there may be racial differences in the outcome of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction.  (+info)

The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization. (7/13036)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported differences in the use of cardiovascular procedures according to the race and sex of the patient. Whether the differences stem from differences in the recommendations of physicians remains uncertain. METHODS: We developed a computerized survey instrument to assess physicians' recommendations for managing chest pain. Actors portrayed patients with particular characteristics in scripted interviews about their symptoms. A total of 720 physicians at two national meetings of organizations of primary care physicians participated in the survey. Each physician viewed a recorded interview and was given other data about a hypothetical patient. He or she then made recommendations about that patient's care. We used multivariate logistic-regression analysis to assess the effects of the race and sex of the patients on treatment recommendations, while controlling for the physicians' assessment of the probability of coronary artery disease as well as for the age of the patient, the level of coronary risk, the type of chest pain, and the results of an exercise stress test. RESULTS: The physicians' mean (+/-SD) estimates of the probability of coronary artery disease were lower for women (probability, 64.1+/-19.3 percent, vs. 69.2+/-18.2 percent for men; P<0.001), younger patients (63.8+/-19.5 percent for patients who were 55 years old, vs. 69.5+/-17.9 percent for patients who were 70 years old; P<0.001), and patients with nonanginal pain (58.3+/-19.0 percent, vs. 64.4+/-18.3 percent for patients with possible angina and 77.1+/-14.0 percent for those with definite angina; P=0.001). Logistic-regression analysis indicated that women (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) and blacks (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) were less likely to be referred for cardiac catheterization than men and whites, respectively. Analysis of race-sex interactions showed that black women were significantly less likely to be referred for catheterization than white men (odds ratio, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain.  (+info)

Genetic polymorphism and interethnic variability of plasma paroxonase activity. (8/13036)

A method for determining plasma paroxonase activity using an auto-analyser is described. Frequency distributions for British and Indian subjects show bimodality. A study of 40 British families confirms the presence of a genetic polymorphism with regard to plasma paroxonase activity. Two phenotypes can be defined, controlled by two alleles at one autosomal locus. The frequency of the low activity phenotype is less in the Indian population than in the British population. Malay, Chinese, and African subjects fail to show obvious bimodality.  (+info)

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Between 1999 and 2015, 42 percent of white young adults owned a home, while only 18 percent of black young adults were homeowners.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recruitment strategies and yields for the pathobiology of prediabetes in a biracial cohort. T2 - A prospective natural history study of incident dysglycemia. AU - Ebenibo, Sotonte. AU - Edeoga, Chimaroke. AU - Ammons, Ann. AU - Egbuonu, Nonso. AU - Dagogo-Jack, Samuel. PY - 2013/5/14. Y1 - 2013/5/14. N2 - Background: The Pathobiology of Prediabetes in A Biracial Cohort study is a prospective evaluation of the transition from normal to impaired glucose regulation among African American and Caucasian adults with parental type 2 diabetes. This report describes recruitment strategies and relative yields for the 376 enrolled subjects. Methods. Recruitment occurred over 3.4 years, with clinical and metabolic assessments during 2.1-5.5 years of quarterly follow-up. The major recruitment sources were advertisements, community outreach, and clinical facilities. Advertisements included newspaper, television, radio, Internet, distributed brochures, utility bill inserts, and direct mailing. ...
Race often is confounded with other variables such as poverty, low education, and discrimination (43). One important challenge for future research therefore lies in disentangling apparent effects of race from effects associated with these other factors. Freeman (43) suggested that, to reduce health disparities, researchers must uncover the real variables responsible for maintaining Black-White differences in health outcomes. The current review identifies a number of these variables. Research would benefit from further investigation of the specific pathways through which these social, cultural, and economic barriers translate into disparate breast cancer outcomes.. Low socioeconomic status, a variable that frequently characterizes African American women, plays an especially important role in maintaining Black-White disparities in breast cancer mortality (7). Studies have showed that controlling for socioeconomic status can reduce or even eliminate the association between race and breast cancer ...
Abstract: Although the leading cause of death among black men in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), risk factors have not been well documented in black populations. Therefore, possible racial differences in the relation of several characteristics to the extent of CAD were assessed in 4,722 white and 169 black men who underwent arteriography. Associations between an occlusion score (ranging from 0 to 300), reflecting the severity of CAD, and levels of total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, relative weight, systemic hypertension and diabetes mellitus were examined. Most risk factors were significantly related to the extent of CAD in both races, but lipid levels showed stronger associations with CAD among blacks: correlations between CAD and total cholesterol were 0.16 (whites) vs 0.29 (blacks) and associations with HDL cholesterol were -0.22 (whites) vs -0.49 (blacks). In addition, at adverse levels of certain risk ...
The main finding of this study is that racial differences exist in the mechanism underlying obesity‐associated hypertension in women. Similar to our previous findings,6 obese white women with hypertension have an excess sympathetic activity that contributes to hypertension as measured by BP variability (LFSBP). In contrast, obese black women with hypertension do not have elevated measures of sympathetic activity, and BP without sympathetic vascular tone remained elevated in these women. These findings suggest that hypertension in obese black women is independent of increased sympathetic vascular tone.. Previous studies have evaluated the contribution of the sympathetic nervous system to BP regulation in black patients. Calhoun et al12 showed that blacks have similar resting MSNA compared with whites. MSNA was increased after painful stimuli such as cold pressor test, but only in black patients with a family history of hypertension.13 Subsequently, in a large cohort of black men and women, ...
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Locally weighted scatterplot smoothing-smoothed curves showed that non-HDL-C levels increased from 101 mg/dL at age 6 to 111 mg/dL at age 10, decreased to 101 mg/dL at age 14, and then increased to 122 mg/dL at age 19 in non-Hispanic white males. Non-HDL-C levels generally were greater in female than male subjects, lower in non-Hispanic black subjects, and similar in male and slightly lower in female Mexican American subjects, compared with non-Hispanic white subjects. The overall mean was 108 (SE 0.5), and the percentiles were 67 (5th), 74 (10th), 87 (25th), 104 (50th), 123 (75th), 145 (90th), and 158 (95th) mg/dL. Mean and percentiles were greater among age groups 9-11 and 17-19 years than others and greater among non-Hispanic white than non-Hispanic black subjects. The prevalence of high non-HDL-C was 11.8% (95% CI 9.9%-14.0%) and 15.0% (95% CI 12.9%-17.3%) for the age groups 9-11 and 17-19, respectively. It varied significantly by race/ethnicity and overweight/obesity status ...
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The findings of this study will also determine whether there are racial differences in the whole body and cellular mechanisms by which aerobic exercise training and weight loss affect glucose, lipid, fat and muscle metabolism in African-American vs. Caucasian postmenopausal women. The results also may provide a rationale for targeting specific populations of women who might improve glucose, lipid, fat and muscle metabolism more from the addition of exercise to dietary restriction than weight loss alone to reduce their risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.. The study protocol consists of the following phases:. Phase 1-Recruitment and screening.. Phase 2-Weight and dietary stabilization for 4-6 weeks, where participants are taught the principles of the American Heart Association Heart Healthy diet and provided food to consume prior to testing.. Phase 3-Participants will undergo research testing including glucose clamp and fat biopsy.. Phase 4-Participants select either weight loss ...
Tracey Brown, President and CEO of the American Diabetes Association, discusses racial disparity during the coronavirus pandemic. She points out the importance of ensuring that the most vulnerable populations have access to testing. Brown also provides strategies for managing diabetes and stresses the need for the continuity of health care access despite economic turmoil. Hosts: Carol Massar and Jason Kelly. Producer: Doni Holloway. ...
Apartheid South Africa looked after white people and nobody else. Now some of its white communities face a level of deprivation, or of violence, which threatens their future in the country.. Everyone here, regardless of colour, tells you that white people are still riding high.. They run the economy. They have a disproportionate amount of influence in politics and the media. They still have the best houses and most of the best jobs.. All of this is true but it is not the only picture.. Look below the surface and you will find poverty and a sense of growing vulnerability.. The question I have come to South Africa to answer is whether white people genuinely have a future here.. The answer, as with so many similar existential questions, is Yes - but…. It seems to me that only certain parts of the white community really have a genuine future here: the better-off, more adaptable parts.. Working-class white people, most of them Afrikaans-speakers, are going through an intense crisis. But you will ...
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Compared to the 1997 findings from girls across the U.S., girls in the current study - especially white girls - were more developed at a younger age. As previous research has shown, there were also large differences in development based on race.. At age 7, approximately 10 percent of white girls and 23 percent of black girls had started developing breasts - compared to 5 percent of white girls and 15 percent of black girls in 1997, the authors write.. Among 8-year-olds in the study, 18 percent of white girls and 43 percent of black girls had entered puberty - an increase from around 11 percent of white girls from 1997, but the same as black girls in that year.. ...
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Results: In 2014, approximately 631,000 persons in the United States received a diagnosis of a cancer associated with overweight and obesity, representing 40% of all cancers diagnosed. Overweight- and obesity-related cancer incidence rates were higher among older persons (ages ≥50 years) than younger persons; higher among females than males; and higher among non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adults compared with other groups. Incidence rates for overweight- and obesity-related cancers during 2005-2014 varied by age, cancer site, and state. Excluding colorectal cancer, incidence rates increased significantly among persons aged 20-74 years; decreased among those aged ≥75 years; increased in 32 states; and were stable in 16 states and the District of Columbia ...
I would also argue that biological race is not a particularly meaningful concept the vast majority of the time. In fact, I think that the term biological race is probably completely inappropiate for the usage that I am thinking of, which involves the use of self-reported race/ethnicity to serve as a marker (albeit poor) for ancestry (which has both a biological and social/cultural component). Specifically, the only times that self-reported race/ethnicity has served some useful biological purpose, in my experience, is when it has served as a marker for ancestry in a genetic study that didnt have a better marker of ancestry. This role for self-reported race/ethnicity could be completely replaced if there were better markers for ancestry available. In the recent past the only way to get any marker of ancestry was to either ask people directly about their ancestry (time-consuming and most people dont have very accurate information) or at a very minimum ask for their self-reported race/ethnicity ...
Breast cancer, the most common cancer diagnosis among women worldwide, occurs in greater incidence among Caucasian American (CA) women compared to African Ameri...
Changes in genes could be responsible for the higher rate of premature babies in African-American women than in European-American women, a new study suggests.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, for the first time in modern history, more white Americans are dying than being born, with whites predicted to fall below 50 percent of the population by 2043. What do you think?
Some aspects of homogamy are well understood. People of the same race, social status, and religion, tend to assort together, and eventually marry. A new paper in PNAS reports results which suggest that there is an elevated relatedness between spouses even among non-Hispanic whites. The paper is Genetic and educational assortative mating among US adults. One of the key findings is that within its demographic of non-Hispanic whites educational assortment dwarfs genetic assortment.* That shouldnt be surprising, and educational attainment is a major filter in terms of suitable spouse material.. At this point Im assuming most readers are wondering what the surprise is: non-Hispanic whites are not ethnically or socially homogeneous. So the genetic relatedness might simply be due to regional and cultural variation which exhibits genetic correlation. The authors attempted to control for this by only looking at people from a particular region, filtering out population structure by looking at PCA ...
White Americans often derail an argument about race by making it about their feelings. The feelings of white people, for some strange reason, matter more than the truth. White womens tears are a good example. Sometimes they make it about your feelings as a person of colour: you are oversensitive, angry, hateful, whining, etc. Either…
White Americans often derail an argument about race by making it about their feelings. The feelings of white people, for some strange reason, matter more than the truth. White womens tears are a good example. Sometimes they make it about your feelings as a person of colour: you are oversensitive, angry, hateful, whining, etc. Either…
1950 words Blacks being stronger than whites (on average) is one of the most common misconceptions around. People assume that since blacks are, on average, more muscular and have less fat mass they are stronger than whites and East Asians. However, when looked at physiologically, the frequency of muscle fiber types (Type I, Type II…
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Results. White versus black subjects had a significantly higher WBC count in all age groups. WBC count was associated with more MetS components in whites than in blacks. Mean values of WBC increased significantly with increasing number of MetS components with adverse levels in adolescents and adults, with a stronger trend in whites. WBC count was longitudinally associated with MetS in whites only (p,0.001). ...
Program. Journal of School Health 69(5), 181-188.. KEYWORDS: Adolescents (12-17), High School, Males and Females (Co-ed), Urban, White/Caucasian, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, School-based, Manual, Community or Media Campaign, Parent or Family Component, Parent-Child Relationship, Sexual Activity, Condom Use and Contraception.. Program information last updated 3/2/11.. ...
rs1799884, known also as the -30 SNP of the GCK gene, has been associated with type-2 diabetes. This SNP is one of 4 relatively common SNPs reported to represent risk for type-2 diabetes in the DESIR prospective study of 3,877 Caucasian participants. Under a recessive model, the odds ratio for rs1799884(A;A) homozygotes is 2.70 (CI: 1.51-4.83, p=0.0008); under an additive model, the odds ratio is 1.34 (CI: 1.07-1.69, p=0.01). For the 4 SNPs, each risk allele increased type-2 diabetes risk by 1.34x (p=2x10e-6), with an odds ratio of 2.48 (CI: 1.59-3.86) for carriers of 4 or more compared to those with one or none (risk alleles).[PMID 17977958] ...
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The average increase in mortality rates for people between ages 45-54 was more than three times higher for white women than white men.
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Film colorization, under increasing attack, is trying hard to get the good words out.Publicity firm of Solters, Roskin and Friedman was hired by Hal Roach Studios--which has copyrighted the term \o7
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We believe that because gifted learners have specific educational and social needs Kankakee District #111 is responsible for providing educational programming and personal support in a manner that best serves those specific needs. Furthermore, we believe that qualified students of all socio-economic, cultural, and racial backgrounds are entitled to equal access to programs for the gifted. ...
African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasian Americans and this discrepancy cannot be explained by measures of body weight or body composition. The aim of the study was to compare the sensitivity of African Americans and Caucasian Americans to glucocorticoids by measuring glucose and insulin responses to a meal challenge under conditions of placebo and glucocorticoid. A total of 160 healthy or overweight/obese African American and Caucasian American participants completed exercise testing and a liquid meal challenge during separate laboratory visits. Participants were evaluated following treatments with placebo and dexamethasone (4 mg). Main outcome measures were correlation between body composition measures (body mass index, percent body fat, waist circumference) and insulin responses; insulin and glucose responses after a liquid meal challenge; and calculated HOMA. After dexamethasone treatment African Americans were significantly more hyperinsulinemic after a meal as indicated by
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OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in Filipino and Caucasian Americans in two clinic populations. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional epidemiologic study of two convenience samples. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Five hundred twelve Filipino and 600 Caucasian patients aged 40 years or older examined by two community-based comprehensive ophthalmology clinics during a one-year period. RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported type 2 diabetes mellitus among Filipino (F) and Caucasian Americans (C) was 40.6% and 24.8%, respectively (P,.001 in= the= subpopulation= with= type= diabetes= mellitus= filipino= caucasian= there= was= a= statistically= insignificant= higher= prevalence= of= diabetic= retinopathy= among= diabetics= compared= to= caucasians= vs= c:= all= forms= p=.08; non-proliferative= proliferative= vs.= multivariate= analyses= ethnicity= not= significant= predictor= retinopathy.= ...
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Background: Neuroblastoma (NBL) is an often-fatal pediatric cancer more frequent in European-American than African-American children. African-American children, however, are at higher risk for the more severe form of NBL, and have worse overall survival than European-American children. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several SNPs associated to NBL in children of European descent. Knowledge of their association to NBL in African-American children is still lacking. Methods: We genotyped and imputed SNPs located in three gene regions reported to be associated to NBL in children of European descent, and tested them for association in 390 African-American NBL patients compared to 2500 healthy, ethnically matched controls. Results: SNPs in the BARD1 gene region show a similar pattern of association to NBL in African-American and European-American children. The more restricted extent of linkage disequilibrium in the African-American population suggests a smaller candidate region ...
Embargo expired: 4/1/2012 9:00 AM EDT Source: American Association for Cancer Research (AACR). Newswise - CHICAGO - College-age African-American women have a more difficult time clearing human papillomavirus infection and are more likely to have an abnormal Pap test than European-American women, according to research presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2012, held here March 31 - April 4.. African-American women are 40 percent more likely to get cervical cancer and are two times more likely to die from the disease than European-American women, said study leader Kim E. Creek, Ph.D., vice chair and professor in the department of pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences in the South Carolina College of Pharmacy at the University of South Carolina in Charleston, S.C.. Creek and colleagues conducted the Carolina Womens Care Study to assess human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and persistence in college-age women enrolled at the University of South Carolina. The study began in 2004, and researchers ...
In this study, for the first time, we assessed the prognostic value of the codon 72 polymorphism of p53 in African American and Caucasian patients with colorectal cancers and showed that this polymorphism, specifically the Pro/Pro phenotype, is an independent factor of prognosis for African American patients. Similar frequencies of p53 mutations were observed in both African American and Caucasian patients. However, the incidence of the homozygous mutant variant Pro/Pro was higher in African American patients as compared with Caucasians; in contrast, the wild-type Arg/Arg variants were more common in Caucasians than in African Americans. In African American patients, colorectal cancers with Pro/Pro mutant phenotypes exhibited a higher incidence of p53 mutations, specifically of the disruptive type, and were associated with nodal metastasis and short overall survival. These aggressive phenotypic features of the Pro/Pro mutant phenotype were not observed in Caucasian patients. Thus, these findings ...
Racial/ethnic disparities in life expectancy are well known, with particular disadvantage for black Americans, but scientists have not considered the potential damage to survivors; this project will focus on those survivors to provide the first population-based analysis of race/ethnic differences in exposure to the death of multiple family members over the life course and how those exposures contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in health and mortality across the life course. This project is designed to produce results that will ground specific policy and intervention strategies to reduce racial/ethnic disparities in health, thus captures the spirit of Healthy People 2020 and advances the general goals of NIH. ...
In this study, for the first time, we assessed the prognostic value of the codon 72 polymorphism of p53 in African American and Caucasian patients with colorectal cancers and showed that this polymorphism, specifically the Pro/Pro phenotype, is an independent factor of prognosis for African American patients. Similar frequencies of p53 mutations were observed in both African American and Caucasian patients. However, the incidence of the homozygous mutant variant Pro/Pro was higher in African American patients as compared with Caucasians; in contrast, the wild-type Arg/Arg variants were more common in Caucasians than in African Americans. In African American patients, colorectal cancers with Pro/Pro mutant phenotypes exhibited a higher incidence of p53 mutations, specifically of the disruptive type, and were associated with nodal metastasis and short overall survival. These aggressive phenotypic features of the Pro/Pro mutant phenotype were not observed in Caucasian patients. Thus, these findings ...
High infection rates and increased risk of acute organ dysfunction in black individuals explains why people from this racial background are more likely to have (and die from) severe sepsis than white individuals, according to a new study published in JAMA. Severe sepsis (when the body has a systemic inflammatory response to infection that can…
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say metastatic colorectal cancer patients of African-American descent are less likely to be seen by cancer specialists or receive cancer treatments. This difference in treatment explains a large part of the 15 percent higher mortality experienced by African-American patients than non-Hispanic white patients. The study, published online in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, noted there was no difference in risk of death when black patients received the same treatments, such as chemotherapy and surgery, as non-Hispanic white patients. Other studies have looked at racial disparities in treatment and still others have focused on racial differences in survival rates of cancer patients, but our research attempted to go further by demonstrating the impact of race-based inequalities in cancer treatment on survival rates of black colorectal cancer patients, said James D. Murphy, MD, MS, assistant professor and chief of ...
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The breast cancer mortality rate for black women in the US is 30.7 deaths per 100,000 women, while the mortality rate for white women is 21.4 deaths per 100,000, according to new research from the Sinai Urban Health Institute, funded by the Avon Foundation for Women. That means the rate of breast cancer deaths is 43.1% higher in black women than white women. The study, published Monday in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, looked at race-specific breast cancer deaths between 2010-2014 in the 50 largest cities in the US. This is a follow-up to their 2014 study, which found that black women in the US were 39.7% more likely to die from breast cancer than white women were between the years 2005-2009. (One limitation worth noting is that these studies only compared deaths in non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites).. Tagore75 / Getty Images. The study found that racial disparities in breast cancer deaths vary greatly depending on where you live.. ...
African-Americans with colon cancer are half as likely as Caucasian patients to have a type of colon cancer that is linked to better outcomes. The finding may provide insight into why African-Americans are more likely to die of colon cancer than Caucasians with the same stage of disease.. The population-based study of 503 people with colon cancer found that 14 percent of Caucasians and 7 percent of African-Americans had a genetic marker called microsatellite instability, or MSI. These types of tumors are known to be resistant to the chemotherapy drug 5FU. Yet, even without chemotherapy, these patients tend to have better outcomes.. We know that patients with MSI colon cancer do better without chemotherapy. But these improved survival benefits are limited among African-Americans with colon cancer, says lead study author John M. Carethers, M.D., John G. Searle Professor and Chair of internal medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School.. Results of the study appear in the journal PLOS ...
Fewer than half of American adults get vaccinated despite strong recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and widespread availability of free and low-cost vaccines. Furthermore, African Americans are less likely to get the flu shot than white Americans, and concerns about side effects from the vaccine play a large role in this disparity. According to the CDC, only 41 percent of African American adults received the flu vaccine compared with 47 percent of white adults.
At the population level, diabetes is a stronger risk factor for new heart failure (HF) than 4 other modifiable risk factors, namely smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension, suggests the latest analysis from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study cohort. ARIC is a longitudinal study of more than 15,000 African American and Caucasian men and women in 4 communities across the United States, who were recruited during the 1980s when they were aged 45 to 64. The current analysis included 14,709 of the participants followed an average of 17.6 years.. According to the authors, the lifetime risk of incident heart failure was about 1 in 3 for its African American participants and reached 1 in 4 in Caucasians. In both groups, that risk was higher than the lifetime risk of new coronary heart disease or stroke in the same population. In addition, they found that a percentage drop in diabetes prevalence would avert more cases of new HF than the same percentage decrease of any of the 4 ...
At the population level, diabetes is a stronger risk factor for new heart failure (HF) than 4 other modifiable risk factors, namely smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension, suggests the latest analysis from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study cohort. ARIC is a longitudinal study of more than 15,000 African American and Caucasian men and women in 4 communities across the United States, who were recruited during the 1980s when they were aged 45 to 64. The current analysis included 14,709 of the participants followed an average of 17.6 years.. According to the authors, the lifetime risk of incident heart failure was about 1 in 3 for its African American participants and reached 1 in 4 in Caucasians. In both groups, that risk was higher than the lifetime risk of new coronary heart disease or stroke in the same population. In addition, they found that a percentage drop in diabetes prevalence would avert more cases of new HF than the same percentage decrease of any of the 4 ...
White and African-American patients who see physicians of the same rac...Results of the study of audiotaped conversations between physicians...Lisa A. Cooper M.D. M.P.H. lead author of the study and associat...Teaching communication skills to physicians is important to improve...For the study Cooper and colleagues evaluated physician-patient co...,Whites,,African-Americans,better,rate,medical,care,experiences,when,seeing,same-race,physicians,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
All analyses adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, estimated GFR, coronary artery disease, peripheral arterial disease, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ability to walk, ability to transfer, treatment modality, prior nephrology care, preemptive transplantation, hemodialysis access, and cause of death. The referent group for this analysis is white patients. P for interaction indicates whether the association of race and the outcome of interest differ by end-of-life expenditure index. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval. ...
T Morrison article discussing black womens indifference to current womens liberation movement says that Weltanschauung (philosophy) of black women is responsible for this indifference; cites black womens distrust of movement because it is largely white dominated and possibly, in opinion of black women, racist; notes that black women have known freedom white women are seeking under different label, responsibility; says black women are unable to understand new mutual interests between white women and black men because of sense of superiority; also attributes reluctance to join liberation movement to black males opposition based on their belief that black womens support of this cause may weaken black liberation struggle; describes womens liberation movement as an attempt by whites to become black without accepting responsibilities of being black; illus
1800 words Blood pressure (BP) is a physiological variable. Therefore since it is a physiological variable then it can be affected by environmental and social changes. How do racial differences come into play here, for instance? Since blacks face more (perceived) discrimination, then they should, on average, have higher BP levels than whites. This is…
Per 100,000 population. Based on International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision underlying cause codes X40-X44, X60-X64, X85 and Y10-Y14, with a multiple cause of death code of T40.1 (heroin).. † 95% confidence interval.. In the decade from 2002 to 2011, the annual number of drug poisoning deaths involving heroin doubled, from 2,089 deaths in 2002 to 4,397 deaths in 2011. In 2002, non-Hispanic blacks aged 45-64 years and Hispanics aged 45-64 years had the highest rates of drug poisoning deaths involving heroin (2.2 and 2.0 deaths per 100,000, respectively). In comparison, in 2011, non-Hispanic whites aged 18-44 years had the highest rate. From 2002 to 2011, the rate for non-Hispanic whites more than doubled for the 18-44 years age group (from 1.4 to 3.8 deaths per 100,000) and doubled for the 45-64 years age group (from 0.7 to 1.4 per 100,000). The rates for both age groups of Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks did not significantly change during the decade. Source: National Vital ...
Kosj Yamoah, MD, a radiation oncologist at Moffit Cancer Center, discusses reasons for understanding the racial disparities in patients with prostate cancer. Yamoah shared this insight during an interview at the 2016 OncLive State of the Science Summit on Genitourinary Cancers.
In comparison to healthy white children, healthy Black children are more likely to suffer complications and deaths after surgery, a new study finds.
Last Comic Standing. Archived from the original on October 29, August 24, Deadline Hollywood. February 13, Variety magazine. Retrieved May 21, Retrieved May 1, December 20, Categories : births Living people 20th-century American comedians 21st-century American comedians American male actors of Mexican descent 20th-century American male actors 21st-century American male actors American male comedians American male film actors American male television actors American stand-up comedians American impressionists entertainers Comedians from California Hispanic and Latino American male actors Last Comic Standing contestants Male actors from San Diego Wilson Classical High School alumni.. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Iglesias in This might put you at ease, but the truth is that speaking to a group of people, even from the comfort of your home ...
There is a wide variation of health indicators between the whites and other minor races like the Africans, Indians, Latinos, Asians, and Hispanics in America. In comparison to the whites, the most hit minor races are African American and the Indians in America.. Although the infant mortality rate in the U.S is relatively low, the number of African American infants who die each year still stands high doubling that of the whites. Africans who suffer and die from cardiovascular diseases are about 40% higher than the whites are, while African American cancer patients are 30% more than the whites are.. Thus, the two commonest cancers; prostrate and breast; mainly affect Africans despite a similarity in the screening rates. In addition, deaths among African Americans from the HIV/AIDS pandemic are about seven times higher than in the whites (CDC, 2010). Finally, homicide cases in Africans remain high when compared to the whites.. Diabetes, high blood pressure, tuberculosis, and obesity cases are high ...
BACKGROUND: Although increased attention has been paid to sex and racial differences in the management of myocardial infarction, it is unknown whether these differences have narrowed over time. METHODS: With the use of data from the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction, we examined sex and racial differences in the treatment of patients who were deemed to be ideal candidates for particular treatments and in deaths among 598,911 patients hospitalized with myocardial infarction between 1994 and 2002. RESULTS: In the unadjusted analysis, sex and racial differences were observed for rates of reperfusion therapy (for white men, white women, black men, and black women: 86.5, 83.3, 80.4, and 77.8 percent, respectively; P ...
Explain how the series of wars with France affected Britains American subjects and helped pave way for their later rebellion against the mother country/5(3).
Study shows that white medical students and residents often hold fantastical stereotypes about blacks that may explain why African Americans are less likely to receive pain medication.
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Only 37% of African-American children ages 6 to 12 participated in outdoor recreation in 2011, compared to 67% of Caucasian children in the same age range. Discovering Natures African-American targeted campaign shows how the experience of exploring and discovery in the forest can open up children in this target to a world of possibilities; including their own limitless potential.
On the other hand, although African-Americans are disproportionately likely to be poor, they are only a quarter of Americans living in poverty; whites make up about 41% of the poor. (If the distribution were proportional, whites would by 70-some percentage of the poor and African-Americans would be 13%). Those white Americans who dont want to help the poor because theyd be helping people of another race are actually screwing over white people big time.. ...
In this article, I explore different forms of perceived threat posed by the presence of minority groups and how threat impacts residential segregation and neighborhood preferences. I extend previous research by exploring non-Hispanic white residents preferences regarding black and Latino neighbors using qualitative data from in-depth interviews with white adults conducted in multiple neighborhoods in Buffalo, New York, and Ogden, Utah. My findings suggest that white residents perceive threat differently for blacks and Latinos. ...
This isnt a zero sum game, folks. The numbers we are talking about in all situations is quite small. Certainly, the number of white women with black guys does not appreciably lower the access of the average white guy to white women, at all. I cant really comment about black womens access to black men or Asian mens access to Asian women, but it is probably not at all. What limits white mens access to white women is the pathetically low quality of those women…..making high quality white women extremely rare. Black women (and black men, lol) have this same problem which is a separate issue that, quite frankly, the black community seems to have little interest in addressing. Asian men dont have that problem and any asian man that is having trouble finding an Asian girl should probably ask himself why they are avoiding him….and fix it. Because, its not the white skin the Asian girls want. Its the way those men treat her ...
This review examines whether cardiorespiratory fitness in US young adults is associated with clinical outcomes and subclinical cardiovascular disease at a 25-ye
Each year ALL is found in about 3,000 U.S. children, making it the most common childhood cancer. The incidence varies by self-declared race and ethnicity with rates for Hispanic individuals 50 percent higher than for non-Hispanic white individuals. For this study, researchers used genetic variations rather than individual self-report to define ancestry. White children were defined as having greater than 95 percent European ancestry and Hispanics children as having greater than 10 percent Native American ancestry.. Although the work of St. Jude researchers and others is helping to close the survival gap, Hispanic children are still less likely than children from other racial or ethnic backgrounds to be alive five years after diagnosis.. This study builds on the earlier St. Jude research that linked different versions of the ARID5B gene to ALL risk. St. Jude and COG investigators partnered to see if variations in the ARID5B gene help to explain differences in either the incidence or the outcome of ...
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… racism, 64 percent of African American children have no or … geared toward more mature African American swimmers. The team not … had never heard of an African American swimming group for adults. … creating a safe atmosphere for African American women....
NEW YORK (July 8, 2009) - A new finding reveals that African-American patients with breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer tend to die earlier th
Lower income was associated with advanced-stage disease, lower likelihood of receiving a hysterectomy, and lower rates of survival. Earlier diagnosis and removal of barriers to optimal treatment among lower-socioeconomic status women will diminish racial/ethnic differences in endometrial cancer surv …
Results: All allele frequencies varied significantly by race/ethnicity. A weighted genetic risk score, based on the 16 SNPs, was associated with a 0.022 mmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.009, 0.035), 0.036 mmol/L (95% CI 0.019, 0.052), and 0.033 mmol/L (95% CI 0.020, 0.046) increase in FG levels per risk allele among non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Mexican Americans, respectively. Adjusted odds ratios for IFG were 1.78 for non-Hispanic whites (95% CI 1.00, 3.17), 2.40 for non-Hispanic blacks (CI 1.07, 5.37), and 2.39 for Mexican American (95% CI 1.37, 4.14) when we compared the highest to lowest quintiles of genetic risk score (p = 0.365 for testing heterogeneity of effect across race/ethnicity). ...
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Washington, D.C. ca. 1891 . Albumen card-mounted photograph, image approximately 8 3/4 x 6 3/4 inches. Light wear to card. Faint line of older adhesive substance in center of photograph. Minor wear and fading. About very good. Item #WRCAM52746 A large photograph of a well-dressed African- American woman posing with four white children. The woman wears a demure, dark dress with a high collar and brooch at her throat. Her hair is parted in the center and
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Nonetheless, European, African, and Amerindian ancestry can be seen all over Brazil. The five racial categories in which the ... Racial categories in Latin America are often linked to both continental ancestry or mixture as inferred from phenotypical ... Ethnic groups or indigenous individuals are all treated as Peruvian. Casta Race and ethnicity in Colombia Ethnic groups in ... White Brazilians, or those with great European ancestry, live around the southern region of Brazil whilst mixed race ...
"Oriental Continental Ancestry Group, "African Continental Ancestry Group" and "European Continental Ancestry Group" for " ... Recent genetic research indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make ... Rushton's book is focused on what he considers the three broadest racial groups, and does not address other populations such as ... Rushton, J. Philippe (January 1985). "Differential K theory: The sociobiology of individual and group differences". Personality ...
... continental groups added a much smaller degree of variation (3-8%; 6-11%, respectively). CEU - Utah residents with ancestry ... European population groups". Most individual participants with southern European ancestry (Italians, Greeks, Portuguese, ... Europe portal Evolutionary biology portal History portal General Archaeogenetics Ethnic groups in Europe European studies ... where WHG ancestry is stronger; the Sardinians are considered to be the closest European group to the population of the EEF. ...
... making them the primary European ancestral group. And more French ancestry, due to white French fleeing Haiti after ... The Spanish Caribbean also has higher Canarian influence compared to continental Latin America, ... This mixture of European (especially Canarian), West African, and Taino, is heavily reflected in the culture. The term is used ... Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-56720-138-3. Luis F. Pumarada O'Neill (July 31, 1994), National Register of ...
European Continental Ancestry Group (=012) Asian Continental Ancestry Group (=013) African Continental Ancestry Group (=014) ... Oceanic Ancestry Group (=017) American Native Continental Ancestry Group (=1/=8) Linguistic-cultural groups, ethnic groups, ... Table 1e (=...) Common auxiliaries of human ancestry, ethnic grouping and nationality. Table 1f "..." Common auxiliaries of ... time and ethnic grouping facets are expressed through combination with common auxiliaries of place (Table 1d), ethnic grouping ...
found Sub-Saharan ancestry in many parts of southern Europe at ranges of between 1-4%, "the highest proportion of African ... Spanish Basques and Valencian Spaniards found Iberian populations to cluster the furthest from other continental groups, ... "Moors and Saracens in Europe: estimating the medieval North African male legacy in southern Europe". European Journal of Human ... that within Europe, the Southwestern Europeans have the highest haplotype-sharing with North Africans." In terms of paternal Y- ...
The categorisation was primarily intended to cover people with ancestry from Continental Europe, with the largest represented ... ethnic group specified their ethnicity as European. Four out of five of the 'Other White' category (i.e. not British or Irish) ... It also appears that people with European ancestry (or who otherwise identify as white), born outside of the continent, are ... A third were born in a Western European country other than the UK, and one in seven were born in an Eastern European country.[ ...
... european continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.600 - oceanic ancestry group MeSH M01.686.754 - ethnic groups MeSH M01.686 ... continental population groups MeSH M01.686.508.100 - african continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.100.100 - african ... american native continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.150.575 - central american indians MeSH M01.686.508.150.600 - north ... asian continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.200.100 - asian americans MeSH M01.686.508.400 - ...
... or by migrating groups of continental Europeans who settled there. A 2017 study showed that British Neolithic farmers had ... all British individuals had high proportions of Steppe ancestry and were genetically more similar to Beaker-associated people ... The Neolithic is largely categorised by the introduction of farming into Britain from continental Europe, from where it had ... these may have been imported from continental Europe, or they might have been grown on British soil, as the climate was warmer ...
West Asian/European related ancestry. According to the authors, more data is needed to explain these results and possible ... group 1), who share ancestry with present-day Andamanese Önge, Malaysian Jehai, and the ancient Japanese Ikawazu Jōmon. ... Hokkaido Jōmon samples were found to have 47,6% alleles of ABCC11 gene and 68,9% alleles of EDAR gene, common in continental ... Jōmon ancestry used here is a modeled ancestry comparing various Jōmon period samples with modern populations and may not be ...
Small groups of foreign students from Europe or the Indian Ocean region are also present. Recent years have seen a steady flow ... Nowadays, a significant proportion of them are predominantly black with varying amounts of French and Indian ancestry. ... Mauritius also contains substantial populations from continental Africa, China, France, Great Britain, and the East African ... While the government officially groups Mauritians in four ethnic groups - Hindus, Muslims, Chinese and general population - the ...
... among Europeans 15 percent were group B and 40 percent group A. Eastern Europeans and Russians had a higher incidence of group ... When one samples continental groups, the clusters become continental; with other sampling patterns, the clusters would be ... Hispanics have European, Native American and African ancestry. In Brazil there has been extensive admixture between Europeans, ... or group) corresponds to only one ethnic group. African Americans have an estimated 20-25-percent European genetic admixture; ...
... from Europe in the same taxonomical unit with other Mid-Pleistocene samples from Africa and continental Asia. Combining the ... On the basis of this morphological affinity, it seems appropriate to group Ceprano with these fossils, and consider them as a ... of a number of archaic traits combined with features that are more derived and independent from any Neandertal ancestry. [...] ... "Ceprano clusters in our analysis with other European, African and Asian Mid-Pleistocene specimens - such as Petralona, Dali, ...
This Hg of European origin is most prominent in the Balkans and Eastern Europe, especially among Slavic speaking groups. Pamjav ... According to the 2013 autosomal IBD survey "of recent genealogical ancestry over the past 3,000 years at a continental scale", ... S7.6 "East Europe": The difference between the 'East Europe I' and 'East Europe II' analyses is that the latter analysis ... "We speculate that the second event seen in our six Eastern Europe populations between northern European and southern European ...
... many individuals affiliate with two or more continental groups. Thus, the genetically based "biogeographical ancestry" assigned ... May 2013). "Higher levels of neanderthal ancestry in East Asians than in Europeans". Genetics. 194 (1): 199-209. doi:10.1534/ ... that some human groups are parental to other groups and that these groups represent paraphyletic groups to their descent groups ... of the variation in human head shapes occurs within continental groups, and ~10% separates groups, with a greater variability ...
According to 2013 autosomal IBD survey "of recent genealogical ancestry over the past 3,000 years at a continental scale", the ... P. Ralph (2013). "The Geography of Recent Genetic Ancestry across Europe". PLOS Biology. 11 (5): e105090. doi:10.1371/journal. ... The 2019 study of ethnic groups of Tuzla Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs) found "close gene ... intermediate between South Europe and Eastern Europe, in line with their geographic location. According to the same study, ...
James B. Minahan (2000). One Europe, Many Nations: a Historical Dictionary of European National Groups. Westport and London: ... Geneticist David Reich said that the derived SNP for blond hair entered continental Europe by way of a massive population ... in central and western Europe today likely derive from a massive migration of people bearing Ancient North Eurasian ancestry, ... entered continental Europe by way of a massive population migration from the Eurasian steppe, by a people who had substantial ...
... from which the European subgroup splits further into three groups of Western, Eastern and Southeastern Europeans. The DNA ... criterion seems most appropriate to group data by taking the ancestry into account and produce subdatabases with respect to ... Continental Metapopulations in the YHRD comprises all individuals sampled in a particular continent regardless of their ... Thus, the population groups are more similar within the metapopulation than to groups outside the metapopulation. The concept ...
... who arrived from continental Europe in the 5th century. Those dialects became known as Englisc (literally "Anglish"), the ... It was during the Viking invasions of the Anglo-Saxon period that Old English was influenced by contact with Norse, a group of ... less than a quarter of the vocabulary of Modern English is derived from the shared ancestry with other West Germanic languages ... In Europe, English received a more central role particularly since 1919, when the Treaty of Versailles was composed not only in ...
His father Julio is recognized as the most commercially successful continental European singer in the world. Iglesias was ... In 2015, he parted ways with Universal Music Group after being there for over a decade. He signed with Sony Music and his ... His father's family is from Galicia and Andalusia; his father also claims some Jewish and Puerto Rican ancestry on his mother's ... In Europe, the second single was "Tired of Being Sorry", which performed well in many countries; he recorded a version of the ...
Once established they had the advantage of easy communication with continental territories in Europe via the North Sea or the ... of the ancestry of modern Britons is attributable to continental 'Anglo-Saxon' origins. The breakdown of the estimates given in ... grouped with others of the same kin group. Each such household head had a number of less-free dependants. The success of the ... In Oppenheimer's view, this is evidence that the Belgae and other continental people - and hence continental genetic markers ...
... of European ancestry. Only about 5% have the equivalent of one great-grandparent of Native American ancestry. By the early 19th ... "mtDNA-haplogroup membership provides limited information about either continental ancestry or continental region of origin." Y- ... The historical research of Paul Heinegg has documented that many of the Melungeon groups in the Upper South were descended from ... A man's patrilineal ancestry, or male-line ancestry, can be traced using the DNA on his Y-chromosome (Y-DNA), because the Y- ...
ISBN 978-0-313-33537-2. Alan W. Ertl (2008). Toward an Understanding of Europe: A Political Economic Précis of Continental ... Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. Douglas Richardson. pp. 1-. ISBN 978-1-4610 ... 1950 - Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed, formally segregating races. 1954 - First Indochina War: ... 1497 - John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings ...
Compared to his immediate descendants, who associated themselves with reformed monastic orders from continental Europe, ... ISBN 1-84158-253-0. Woolf, A (2005). "The Origins and Ancestry of Somerled: Gofraid mac Fergusa and 'The Annals of the Four ... There is reason to suspect that Dubgall also controlled the Mull group of islands. According to the seventeenth-century Sleat ... his descendants associated themselves with reformed monastic orders from continental Europe. Either Dubgall, his father, or his ...
... are Americans of Chinese ancestry. Chinese Americans constitute one group of overseas Chinese and also a ... The continental populations are from the Human Genome Diversity Panel (Cambodian, Yi, Daur, Mongolian, Lahu, Dai, Hezhen, ... Asian-American and European American) finds some common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these three populations with ... preservation of a group identity, preservation of their cultural ancestry, desire for easy communication with each other and ...
... of European ancestry. Only about 5% have the equivalent of one great-grandparent of Native American ancestry. By the early 19th ... "mtDNA-haplogroup membership provides limited information about either continental ancestry or continental region of origin."[28 ... This is usually done by comparing the frequency of each Autosomal DNA marker tested to many population groups.[26] The ... Living DNA uses SNP chips to provide reports on autosomal ancestry, Y, and mtDNA ancestry.[16][17] Living DNA provides detailed ...
European ancestry, reflecting the long history of unions between the groups. The "mostly African" group is substantially ... Despite a long history of miscegenation within the U.S. political territory and American continental landscape, advocacy for a ... Passing is a term for a person whose ancestry is mostly that of the dominant group with some ancestry of a subordinate group ... The 20% of African Americans in the "mostly mixed" group (2.7% of US population) have between 25% and 50% European ancestry. ...
The largest continental ancestral group of Americans are that of Europeans who have origins in any of the original peoples of ... were the four largest self-reported European ancestry groups in the United States forming 35.1% of the total population. ... Mestizo is not a racial category in the U.S. Census, but signifies someone who has both European and American Indian ancestry. ... They are considered people who trace their ancestry to the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. Of ...
A Historical Dictionary of European National Groups. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 179. ISBN 0313309841. The Cornish are ... The modern names for various Romance-speaking people in Continental Europe (e.g. Wallonia, Wallachia, Valais, Vlachs, and ... "Welsh people" applies to those who were born in Wales (Welsh: Cymru) and to those who have Welsh ancestry, perceiving ... The British groups encountered by the Romans were thus largely descended from these Beaker populations. The post-Roman period ...
October 2003). "Multiple origins of Ashkenazi Levites: Y chromosome evidence for both Near Eastern and European ancestries". ... Discussion and projects Yahoo group Y-DNA Haplogroup R Family Tree DNA R2-M124-WTY (Walk Through the Y) Project[permanent dead ... August 2001). "The Eurasian heartland: a continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity". Proceedings of the National ... January 2011). "A major Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b Holocene era founder effect in Central and Western Europe". European ...
Ethnic groups[edit]. Ethnic groups in Ivory Coast include Akan (42.1%), Voltaiques or Gur (17.6%), Northern Mandés (16.5%), ... European slave and merchant ships preferred other areas along the coast. The earliest recorded European voyage to West Africa ... About 4% of the population is of non-African ancestry. Many are French,[93] Lebanese,[94][95] Vietnamese and Spanish citizens, ... The group has had a major impact on the sub-Saharan region of Africa, particularly Ivory Coast. By 2030, they plan to have ...
They would also continue the war in Continental Europe until Prussia could be compelled to abandon Silesia and Glatz. In return ... In May 1780, a group of Moravians who had assembled for a worship service on the occasion of her birthday were arrested and ... AncestryEdit. .mw-parser-output table.ahnentafel{border-collapse:separate;border-spacing:0;line-height:130%}.mw-parser-output . ... Beales, Derek (2005). Enlightenment and Reform in Eighteenth-Century Europe. London: I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-950-5. .. ...
... ancestry along with Yamnaya Early-Middle Bronze Age (Steppe_EMBA) ancestry, but the Indo-European speakers of Gangetic Plains ... especially in groups that speak Indo-European languages.[36][37] ... See also: Indo-European migrations. Western Europe[edit]. See ... That genetic component is visible in tests of the Yamnaya people[5] as well as modern-day Europeans, but not of Europeans ... They also detected an autosomal component present in modern Europeans which was not present in Neolithic Europeans, which would ...
... derived most of their ancestry from the local Levantine gene pool, but with a certain amount of Southern-European-related ... For the modern term for a positive attitude towards a group that is not one's own, see Allophilia. For the plant genus, see ... Hans Wildberger (1979) [1978]. Isaiah 13-27: A Continental Commentary. Translated by Thomas H. Trapp. Fortress Press. p. 95. ... "Archaeology shows Philistines, enemy of Israelites, came from Europe".. *^ "Ancient DNA may reveal origin of the Philistines". ...
Pre European contact[edit]. Prior to the arrival of the Europeans,[30] the region was inhabited by Algonquian (Ojibwe, Cree and ... The Province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec so that each linguistic group would have its own province. Both ... have a moderate humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa), similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic ... although those with French ancestry account for 11 per cent of the population. In relation to natural increase or inter- ...
Hybrids with U. glabra in their ancestry have featured strongly in recent artificial hybridization experiments in Europe, ... U. glabra hybridises naturally with U. minor, producing elms of the Ulmus × hollandica group, from which have arisen a number ... Trees of humid continental climate. *Garden plants of Europe. *Ornamental trees. *Elm species and varieties ... Ulmus glabra, the wych elm, Scotch elm or Scots elm, has the widest range of the European elm species, from Ireland eastwards ...
Adapiforms are often divided into three major groups: *Adapids were most commonly found in Europe, although the oldest ... Both appeared suddenly in the fossil record without transitional forms to indicate ancestry,[28] and both groups were rich in ... All of the lorisoids from continental Africa and Asia are nocturnal, a circumstance that minimizes their competition with the ... Around the 1990s, two distinct groups of European "adapids" began to emerge, based on differences in the postcranial skeleton ...
2018), around 2500 BCE Britain's Neolithic population was largely replaced by a population from North Continental Europe which ... found a large variance in amounts of continental "Germanic" ancestry in different parts of England. In their study, such ... Around 300 BC, a group from the Gaulish Parisii tribe apparently took over East Yorkshire, establishing the highly distinctive ... England, as part of the UK, joined the European Economic Community in 1973, which became the European Union in 1993. The UK ...
2009). The Global Manager's Guide to Living and Working Abroad: Western Europe and the Americas: Western Europe and the ... A group of landscape painters called the Group of Seven developed the first distinctly Canadian style of painting.[123] All ... Seymour Martin Lipset (1991). Continental Divide: The Values and Institutions of the United States and Canada. Psychology Press ... Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-275-97001-7. .. *^ Gil Murray (2003). Nothing on but the radio: a look back at ...
2010). "Inferring Continental Ancestry of Argentineans from Autosomal, Y-Chromosomal and Mitochondrial DNA". Annals of Human ... Central- and Eastern Europe[edit]. In Central- Eastern Europe, Q-M242 comprises about 1.7% of males. Q-M242 is found in about 2 ... In Siberian Tatars, the Ishtyako-Tokuz sub-group of Tobol-Irtysh group has a frequency of Q-M242 at 38%.[10] ... Western Europe[edit]. In Western Europe, Q-M242 is observed at very low frequencies, around 0.5% in most of the countries, such ...
"Citizens Financial Group. Retrieved June 6, 2011.. *^ a b "Rhode Island Convention Center - About Us?". Rhode Island Convention ... "Providence-Ancestry & Family History". ePodunk Inc. Retrieved June 19, 2007.. *^ "Jewish Population in the United States, 2010" ... Providence has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with warm summers, cold winters, and high ... Portuguese is the city's third-largest European ethnicity, after Italian and Irish, at 4% of the population; Cape Verdeans ...
... population group, while most individual participants with southern European ancestry (Italians, Greeks, Portuguese, Spaniards) ... William the Conqueror likewise extended a welcome to continental Jews to take up residence there. Bishop Rüdiger Huzmann called ... European population groups". Most northern, central, and eastern Europeans (Finns, Swedes, English, Irish, Germans, and ... Bukovec, Predrag: East and South-East European Jews in the 19th and 20th Centuries, European History Online, Mainz: Institute ...
... mixed Black and European ancestry) and Zambos (mixed Black and Native ancestry) in Argentina might be about 67,000 people[ ... "Inferring Continental Ancestry of Argentineans from Autosomal, Y-Chromosomal and Mitochondrial DNA". Annals of Human Genetics. ... Ethnic groups[edit]. Main articles: Ethnography of Argentina and Immigration to Argentina ... European Argentines[edit]. Main article: Argentines of European descent. Argentines of European descent constitute the majority ...
Louda, Jiří; Maclagan, Michael (1999) [1981], Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (2nd ed.), London: ... In Ireland, the population was split into three main socio-political groups: the Gaelic Irish, who were Catholic; the Old ... which the English Parliament and public quickly grew to see as a polarised continental struggle between Catholics and ... Ancestry. .mw-parser-output table.ahnentafel{border-collapse:separate;border-spacing:0;line-height:130%}.mw-parser-output . ...
At this time, Southern and Eastern Britain were linked to continental Europe by a wide land bridge (Doggerland) allowing humans ... The Seven Daughters of Eve: The Science That Reveals Our Genetic Ancestry. Bantam, London. ISBN 0-593-04757-5 ... The possibility that groups also travelled to meet and exchange goods or sent out dedicated expeditions to source flint has ... About 100 BC, iron bars began to be used as currency, while internal trade and trade with continental Europe flourished, ...
He visited Fingal's Cave, on the Hebridean isle of Staffa, as part of his Grand Tour of Europe, and was so impressed that he ... 3 in B minor);[121] but his capacities are especially revealed in a group of works of his early maturity: the String Octet ( ... it was also suspected by some to be attributable to his Jewish ancestry.[46] Following this rebuff, Mendelssohn divided most of ... leaving Hamburg in disguise in fear of French reprisal for the Mendelssohn bank's role in breaking Napoleon's Continental ...
... the diagram omits some extinct groups in order to focus on the ancestry of well-known modern groups of placentals - † marks ... Olsen, Paul E. (2012): Cynodontipus: A procolophonid burrow - not a hairy cynodont track (Middle-Late Triassic: Europe, Morocco ... and placentals originated in the Northern Hemisphere and were confined to it until continental drift formed land connections ... Some writers restrict the term "mammal" to the crown group mammals, the group consisting of the most recent common ancestor of ...
The Anglo-Saxon law codes follow a pattern found in continental Europe where other groups of the former Roman empire ... ancestry of the English made them racially superior to the colonised peoples. Similar racist ideas were advocated in the 19th- ... They comprise people from Germanic tribes who migrated to the island from continental Europe, their descendants, and indigenous ... The wealth of the monasteries and the success of Anglo-Saxon society attracted the attention of people from continental Europe ...
Historical examples of groups who have been specifically singled out as outsiders are the Roma and Jews in Europe. ... German nationality law defined "German" on the basis of German ancestry, excluding all non-Germans from the people.[citation ... "continental imperialism", most notably in pan-Germanic and pan-Slavic movements.[26] ... The ruling dynasty was usually, but not always, from that group. This type of state is not specifically European: such empires ...
Wade defines these continental races as follows: Africans are those whose primary ancestry is in sub-Saharan Africa, including ... "continental groups" or "continent of origin," which does, indeed, correspond to the everyday conception of race. When I'm ... and Europe (around 500,000 years ago), respectively. In Europe, the glacial conditions around 300,000 to 400,000 years ago ... Nature Publishing Group. Retrieved 18 February 2013.. (subscription required) *^ "Science-in-Society Journalism Award winners" ...
They are now found worldwide, including the United States and Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, continental Europe, South ... For centuries, the Bedouin tracked the ancestry of each horse through an oral tradition. Horses of the purest blood were known ... though the cases studied were all of one general bloodline group.[53] Recent research updates suggest that a dominant mode of ... Arrival in EuropeEdit. Probably the earliest horses with Arabian bloodlines to enter Europe came indirectly, through Spain and ...
Almost all wild dogs showed some dingo ancestry,[143][144] with only 3% of dogs showing less than 80% dingo ancestry. This ... European domestic dogs first arrived in Australia during the European colonisation. These dogs reverted to the wild (both ... The group dynamics of dingoes should have successfully kept devils away from carrion, and since dingoes are able to break bones ... the dispersal of dingoes from their point of landing until they occupied continental Australia is proposed to have taken only ...
The largest ancestry group in Massachusetts are the Irish (22.5% of the population), who live in significant numbers throughout ... Kraft Group, Boston Scientific, and the former Continental Cablevision.[224] ... Caffrey, D. J.; Worthley, L. H. (1927). Details-A progress report on the investigations of the European corn borer-Biodiversity ... today the Irish and part-Irish are the largest ancestry group in the state at nearly 25% of the total population. Others ...
The major ancestry groups of Louisiana are African American (30.4%), French (16.8%), American (9.5%), German (8.3%), Irish (7.5 ... The first European explorers to visit Louisiana came in 1528 when a Spanish expedition led by Panfilo de Narváez located the ... wide portion of subsea land of the inner continental shelf in the Gulf of Mexico. Through a peculiarity of the political ... In this group, the explorer Antoine Simon Le Page du Pratz may be the first historian of Louisiana with his Histoire de la ...
With the Ainu, there has been research that that group were descendants of the caucasian group. The Ainu people were the key to ... New York City, New York, according to the Japanese Embassy of the USA, over 100,000 persons of Japanese ancestry live in the ... In recent years, immigration from Japan has been more like that from Western Europe. The numbers involve on average 5 to 10 ... Locations of Japanese day schools (nihonjin gakkō and shiritsu zaigai kyoiku shisetsu) in the continental United States ...
How are they measuring diversity? What groups count? European ancestry groups may be known to the level of regions within a ... First Europeans to arrive[edit]. The article states that "The first Europeans to arrive in the continental United States were ... Ethnic groups[edit]. Almost none of the ethnic groups are ethnic groups. Also, "Ethnic Groups By Race and Ethnic groups by ... The sourced content in the article is "The United States has a very diverse population; 37 ancestry groups have more than one ...
As of 2000, the largest European ancestries in the city were German (9.2%), Irish (8.4%), English (7.7%), Italian (5.6%), and ... Tulsa, OK: Continental Heritage Press. ISBN 978-0-932986-38-2. .. *. Stewart, George (2008). Names on the Land: a Historical ... "Neighborhood notes: Group helps promote Palma Ceia merchants - St. Petersburg Times". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the ... Indigenous peoples and European explorationEdit. Main articles: Tocobaga and Pohoy. The shores of Tampa Bay have been inhabited ...
Y Chromosome Evidence for Both Near Eastern and European Ancestries". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 73 (4): 768-779. doi:10.1086/378506. ... "The Eurasian Heartland: A continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity".. *. Underhill, Peter A; Myres, Natalie M; Rootsi ... "Genetic affinity among five different population groups in India reflecting a Y-chromosome gene flow". J Hum Genet. 50 (1): 49- ... "European Journal of Human Genetics. 15 (1): 121-126. doi:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201726. PMC 2588664. PMID 17047675.. ...
The first known European name for the river was the Rio San Antonio as named by the Portuguese explorer in Spain's employ, ... A group of fishermen formed an organization in 1966 that would later become Riverkeeper, the first member of the Waterkeeper ... John Cabot is credited for the Old World's discovery of continental North America, with his journey in 1497 along the ... and was known to have ancestry from New Netherland, leading some to believe stories of the whale sighting inspired his novel.[ ...
... the largest nomadic ethnic group in the world and inhabit several territories over an area larger in size than the continental ... Then there are those castes of captive, slave or serf ancestry: the Maccuɗo, Rimmayɓe, Dimaajo, and less often Ɓaleeɓe, the ... when defeated by European colonial forces. The Sokoto Caliphate included several emirates, the largest of which was Adamawa, ... Main Fulani Sub-Groups, National and Subnational Locations, Cluster group and dialectal variety ...
continental population groups continental population groups * cryptosporidiosis cryptosporidiosis * cyclosporiasis ... asian continental ancestry group asian continental ancestry group * callers callers * campylobacteriosis campylobacteriosis ...
European Continental Ancestry Group -- statistics & numerical data ✖Remove constraint Subjects: European Continental Ancestry ... African Continental Ancestry Group -- statistics & numerical data. Aged. Educational Status. European Continental Ancestry ... European Continental Ancestry Group -- statistics & numerical data. Sex Factors. Smoking. Humans. United States. 2. Are older ... Group -- statistics & numerical data Subjects Educational Status ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Educational Status Dates by Range ...
"European Continental Ancestry Group" by people in this website by year, and whether "European Continental Ancestry Group" was a ... "European Continental Ancestry Group" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, ... Below are the most recent publications written about "European Continental Ancestry Group" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "European Continental Ancestry Group". ...
European Continental Ancestry Group -- statistics & numerical data ✖Remove constraint Subjects: European Continental Ancestry ... European Continental Ancestry Group -- statistics & numerical data. Sex Factors. Smoking. Humans. United States. ... Group -- statistics & numerical data Subjects Health Status ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Health Status Titles The role of ... European Continental Ancestry Group -- statistics & numerical data✖[remove]1. *Health Status✖[remove]1 ...
... has examined potential variation in this relationship across different racial/ethnic groups. This paper examines the ...
Asian Continental Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.200. Asian Americans. M1.686.508.200.100. European Continental Ancestry Group. ... Recent genetic research indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins Categories I and M:. The MeSH descriptor Racial Stocks,and its four children (Australoid ... Other revised chemical groups include Xanthones and Flavonoids. Many of the flavones required retreeing to the appropriate area ...
European Continental Ancestry Group * Female * Genotype * Humans * Middle Aged * Papillomaviridae / genetics* * ...
African Continental Ancestry Group * Algorithms * European Continental Ancestry Group * Genetic Diseases, Inborn / genetics* ... tagSNPs should be selected separately for populations with different ancestries. ...
European Continental Ancestry Group - psychology 11 * Asian Continental Ancestry Group - psychology - statistics & numerical ... Asian Continental Ancestry Group - psychology Canada Child Child, Preschool Cross-Cultural Comparison European Continental ... European Continental Ancestry Group - psychology Female Health status Humans Male Personal Satisfaction Quality of Life ... European Continental Ancestry Group - psychology Factor Analysis, Statistical Female Humans Male Middle Aged Models, ...
African Continental Ancestry Group * Aged * Americas / epidemiology * Cohort Studies * European Continental Ancestry Group ...
European Continental Ancestry Group • Evolution • Fear • Feeding Behavior • Female • Forearm • Fossils • Gait • Gait Disorders ... Activities of Daily Living • Adaptation, Physiological • Adaptation, Psychological • Adult • African Continental Ancestry Group ...
African Continental Ancestry Group*. Child. Contraception / statistics & numerical data. European Continental Ancestry Group*. ... Fully adjusted multiple linear regression models estimated blood lipid changes among these pregnancy groups adjusted for race, ... group differences in black -4.3 [-6.7, -2.0]; P , .001 and white: -4.5 [-8.2, -0.7]; P = .016) and greater increments in ... fasting triglycerides (mg/dL; adjusted mean [95% confidence interval] group differences in black: 10.4 [3.9, 16.8]; P , .001, ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Food Habits*. Glucose Tolerance Test. Humans. Insulin / blood. ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. *Brain Tumours. *Receptors, Interleukin-4. *Spain. *Childhood Cancer ... Disparities in breast cancer biology are evident between American women of African ancestry (AA) and European ancestry (EA) and ... which appears to differ by ancestry groups, menopausal status and ER status. ... These results were generated in Japanese patients and should be studied in other ethnic groups.. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. *Case-Control Studies. *Breast Cancer. *Odds Ratio. *Body Mass Index ... Group I PAK inhibitor IPA-3 induces cell death and affects cell adhesivity to fibronectin in human hematopoietic cells.. PLoS ... We investigated the effect of group I PAK inhibition using the compound IPA-3 in a variety of human leukemic cell lines (JURL- ... Analysis of the gene expression profile of the four groups of ASCs revealed obesity induced alterations in several key genes, ...
European Continental Ancestry Group, Genetic Counseling, Humans, Introns, MutS Homolog 2 Protein, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. 1. 2015. 6670. 0.010. Why? Regression Analysis. 1. 2010. 6699. 0.010. Why? ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. Head and Neck Neoplasms. Lung Neoplasms. Neoplasm Proteins. Ovarian Neoplasms. Phenotype. ... European Continental Ancestry Group. 1. 2019. 2019. January 2019. Head and Neck Neoplasms. 1. 2019. 2019. January 2019. ...
African Continental Ancestry Group. Trindade, F., Fiadeiro, T., Torrelo, A., Hennies, Hans C., Hausser, I. and Traupe, H. (2010 ... Indo-European. Silva, Marina, Oliveira, Marisa, Vieira, Daniel, Brandão, Andreia, Rito, Teresa, Pereira, Joana B., Fraser, Ross ... chemistry Action Potentials Activating Transcription Factor 4 Adipocytes Adolescent Adult African Continental Ancestry Group ... Group by: Date , Creators , Item Type , Uncontrolled Keywords , No Grouping. *Clone Cells 3T3 Cells 5 Untranslated Regions ...
Europe/epidemiology; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Genotype; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Models, Statistical*; ... we developed a relative risk model for men and women of European ancestry based on non-genetic and genetic risk factors for ... MeSH Terms: ABO Blood-Group System; Adenocarcinoma/complications; Adenocarcinoma/epidemiology*; Adenocarcinoma/ethnology; Adult ... predicted lifetime absolute risk.Although absolute risk modeling using established risk factors may help to identify a group of ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. genetics. Female. genetics. Haplotypes. genetics. Humans. genetics. Male. genetics. ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. Extracellular Matrix Proteins. genetics. Female. Femur Neck. physiopathology. Fractures. ... Nature Publishing Group, 2012. 2012. Engelska. Ingår i: Nature genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718 .- 1061-4036 ... including 17 genome-wide association studies and 32,961 individuals of European and east Asian ancestry. We tested the top BMD- ... Lund University Research Groups. Khusnutdinova, Elza (författare) Koh, Jung-Min (författare) Kollia, Panagoula (författare) ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. genetics. Female. genetics. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. genetics. ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. Female. Gene Frequency. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Genome-Wide Association Study. ...
African Continental Ancestry Group/genetics; Asthma/genetics*; Child; Cohort Studies; Costa Rica; Cytokines/genetics*; European ... Continental Ancestry Group/genetics; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. dc.subject. Female. dc.subject. Humans. dc.subject. Income. ... pubs.organisational-group. /Duke/School of Medicine/Institutes and Centers. pubs.organisational-group. /Duke/School of Medicine ... pubs.organisational-group. /Duke/School of Medicine. pubs.organisational-group. /Duke/School of Medicine/Basic Science ... pubs.organisational-group. /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments. pubs.organisational-group. /Duke/School of ...
European Continental Ancestry Group ; Fasting ; Female ; Genetic Association Studies ; Humans ; Insulin ; Interleukin-6 ; ... We used eight population-based cohorts, including 34,538 European-descent individuals (4,407 type 2 diabetes (T2D), 6,073 ...
European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics*. *Genealogy and Heraldry*. *Genetic Loci/genetics*. *Genome-Wide Association ... suggest that the PDGFRA locus does not transfer a major risk of corneal astigmatism in people of Northern European ancestry. ... suggest that the PDGFRA locus does not transfer a major risk of corneal astigmatism in people of Northern European ancestry. ... of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha locus and corneal astigmatism in Australians of Northern European ancestry ...
Ancestry was estimated by grouping data for populations sampled in Europe, Africa and Native Americans into three continental ... The populations have been ordered left to right based on decreasing autosomal European ancestry. The values of these ancestry ... We found extensive variation in Native American and European ancestry (and generally low levels of African ancestry) among ... The position of each blue dot on the triangle plot indicates the proportion of European, Native American and African ancestry ...
Carcinoma, Basal Cell--chemically induced; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell--chemically induced; European Continental Ancestry Group-- ...
  • We demonstrate that, although common variation tends to be shared between populations, tagSNPs should be selected separately for populations with different ancestries. (nih.gov)
  • Here, we report an analysis of admixture in thirteen Mestizo populations (i.e. in regions of mainly European and Native settlement) from seven countries in Latin America based on data for 678 autosomal and 29 X-chromosome microsatellites. (nih.gov)
  • We found extensive variation in Native American and European ancestry (and generally low levels of African ancestry) among populations and individuals, and evidence that admixture across Latin America has often involved predominantly European men and both Native and African women. (nih.gov)
  • Ancestry Proportions in 13 Mestizo Populations. (nih.gov)
  • The populations have been ordered left to right based on decreasing autosomal European ancestry. (nih.gov)
  • Ancestry was estimated by grouping data for populations sampled in Europe, Africa and Native Americans into three continental population samples. (nih.gov)
  • Heterozygosity vs. Proportion of European Ancestry in Mestizo Populations. (nih.gov)
  • European early modern humans (EEMH) lineages between 40 and 26 ka (Aurignacian) were still part of a large Western Eurasian "meta-population", related to Central and Western Asian populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • These mesolithic hunter-gatherer cultures are substantially replaced in the Neolithic Revolution by the arrival of Early European Farmers (EEF) lineages derived from mesolithic populations of West Asia (Anatolia and the Caucasus). (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of the population movements during the Mesolithic to Bronze Age, modern European populations are distinguished by differences in WHG, EEF and ANE ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the H2 lineage seems restricted to European populations, several authors had argued for inheritance from Neanderthals beginning in 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • The enormous attention focused on this observation has resulted in a dichotomous view of hypertension risk: whereby populations of African origin are considered more susceptible than all other continental groupings and a strong genetic hypothesis of inherent predisposition to hypertension among blacks has become the conventional wisdom [ 3 - 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Data on the prevalence of hypertension in other genetically-related populations of African and European descent constitute important evidence but have so far not been considered in the debate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Because continental farmer populations had mixed to some extent with local hunter-gatherers as they expanded along both the Mediterranean and Rhine-Danube corridors, as well as later, we expected to see some mixing in Britain as well," says Ian Barnes , an ancient DNA expert at Britain's Natural History Museum. (sciencealert.com)
  • The ethno-racial composition of modern-day Latin American nations combines diverse Amerindian populations, with influence from Iberian and other European colonizers, and equally diverse African groups brought to the Americas as slave labor, and also recent immigrant groups from all over the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seldin's previous work found that European populations actually represent two genetically distinct Southern and Northern groups. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Then Europe killed off many Jewish populations over many centuries. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • Understanding the genetic structure of a population is important for understanding its population history, as well as designing studies of complex biomedical traits, including disease susceptibility," said Stanford professor of genetics Carlos Bustamante , PhD. "As we deploy genomics technology in previously understudied populations like those of Latin America, we discover remarkable richness in the genetic diversity of these important groups and why it matters for health and disease. (stanford.edu)
  • They compared these findings with SNP variation among 500 people of mixed Mexican, European and African descent (a category called mestizos) from 10 Mexican states, a region of Guadalajara and Los Angeles, as well as with SNP variation among individuals from 16 European populations and the Yoruba people of West Africa. (stanford.edu)
  • The researchers found that Mexico's indigenous populations diverge genetically along a diagonal northwest-to-southeast axis, with differences becoming more pronounced as the ethnic groups become more geographically distant from one another. (stanford.edu)
  • But in the supplements they displayed some fineSTRUCTURE clustering, and at K = 3 you see that Europe and the Middle East diverge into three populations. (gnxp.com)
  • First, the sociocultural characteristics of the community or group selected for study must be considered in planning and implementing any survey research on minority populations. (umassmed.edu)
  • This is different from the case of Latin Americans , where Amerindians have been largely absorbed in the Mestizo population, but populations with minimal European or African admixture persist. (blogspot.com)
  • Inheritance was autosomal codominant in family studies and the distribution of types in random unrelated populations fit the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in all groups. (elsevier.com)
  • We found that D . folliculorum populations are stable on an individual over the course of years and that some Asian and African American hosts maintain specific mite lineages over the course of years or generations outside their geographic region of birth or ancestry. (pnas.org)
  • Substantial populations with Spanish ancestry, the result of Spanish emigration, also exist in other parts of the world, most notably in Latin America . (thefullwiki.org)
  • And, although evidence points to the fact that the individual genetic mutations that produced the ABO genes are quite ancient (1) this is trivial importance with regard to the actual demographics of the individual ABO blood groups in ancient populations. (dadamo.com)
  • Modern Latin American populations were formed via genetic admixture among ancestral source populations from Africa, the Americas and Europe. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We are interested in studying how combinations of genetic ancestry in admixed Latin American populations may impact genomic determinants of health and disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We characterized the genetic ancestry, relatedness, and admixture patterns for each of the admixed Latin American genomes, finding a spectrum of ancestry proportions within and between populations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • All four of the Latin American populations show ancestry-enrichment for a number of shared pathways, yielding evidence of similar selection pressures on these populations during their evolution. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For example, all four populations show ancestry-enriched SNPs in multiple genes from immune system pathways, such as the cytokine receptor interaction, T cell receptor signaling, and antigen presentation pathways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ancestry-enriched SNPs in Latin American populations have a substantial effect on health- and disease-related phenotypes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The concordant impact observed for same phenotypes across populations points to a process of adaptive introgression, whereby ancestry-enriched SNPs with specific functional utility appear to have been retained in modern populations by virtue of their effects on health and fitness. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The conquest and colonization of the Americas, along with the trans-Atlantic slave trade, brought African, European, and Native American populations into close and sustained contact for the first time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Coyne has a second post on More on genes and geography: diagnosing your ancestry from your DNA , showing how easy it is to distinguish various human populations based on the frequency of alleles they contain. (blogspot.com)
  • Keep going another ten millennia, and eventually you'll find the signs of occupation in the form of a group of humans who settled the region soon after the end of the last major Ice Age. (sciencealert.com)
  • And, there were probably older, pre-Neolithic, episodes of admixture, as well, when different groups of modern humans expanded across the globa and mixed with older groups of modern humans, or, as it seems increasingly likely, with archaic humans as well. (blogspot.com)
  • After heading north out of Africa, humans spread to the east and west, populating Melanesia, Asia, and Europe, and eventually made their way across the Bering Strait into the Americas ~ 20,000 years ago. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In humans today there are not multiple biological groups called "races. (psychologytoday.com)
  • West African" is not just a social construct, because West Africans are not an ethnic group. (gnxp.com)
  • In Wade's telling, the Caucasian and East Asian races comprise the richest and most powerful nations in the world because they are genetically better adapted to success in modern capitalist systems than are Africans and the other racial groups, who remain steeped in tribalism, the "default" human condition. (bostonreview.net)
  • Oh another wrench to throw into their gears is to ask them how they distinguish between continental Africans whom they hate for selling them to Europeans as slaves and colonial slaves that made it to the new world. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • Egyptians KNEW continental Africans and there exist a plethora of hieroglyphs speaking about Nubians and other peoples of Africa that various dynasties encountered and traded with. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • Being an island population with an MANY international ports on each Island, the native people dont exist anymore after prolonged mixing with everyone from Africans to Europeans. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • We analyzed a total of 347 admixed Latin American genomes along with 1102 putative ancestral source genomes from Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The researchers also compare women of African-American or European ancestry to pinpoint the location of genes associated with decreased bone mineral density, a measure of osteoporosis. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Burchard noted that in lung diseases, such as asthma or emphysema, a person's ancestry at specific locations on their genes matters. (stanford.edu)
  • In essence if you start off with a small number of a particular gene in a larger gene pool (such as the gene for blood group B in the gene pool for ABO blood type) and nothing other than random mating occurred, at the end of a period of time, you would still have a small number of B genes in the ABO gene pool. (dadamo.com)
  • The answer lies not in the ancient nature of the mutations that produced the A and B genes, but rather in the discreet interactions that occurred between early man and his environment that were under the influence of his ABO blood group. (dadamo.com)
  • Genes from both the innate and adaptive immune system were found to be regulated by ancestry-enriched SNPs with population-specific regulatory effects. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There are no genes that make blacks in the USA more susceptible to high blood pressure, just as there are no genes for particular kinds of cancers that can be assigned to only one racial grouping. (psychologytoday.com)
  • La investigación en cáncer de mama ha dado varios resultados importantes incluyendo los genes fuertemente susceptibles, BRCA1 y BRCA2, y más recientemente 19 genes y loci genéticos que confieren un riesgo moderado. (scielosp.org)
  • European Continental Ancestry Group" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (healthsciencessc.org)
  • Methods We undertook a genome-wide association study of 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in 33 996 individuals of European descent from 15 cohorts. (hku.hk)
  • Incidence of bladder cancer varies considerably between ethnicities, and as the risk factors reported here were discovered by analysing DNA from groups of European descent, it is our hope that the publication of these findings will contribute to the swift analysis of the impact of these variants in cohorts of other continental ancestries. (decode.com)
  • In Latin America, a person's ancestry is quite irrelevant to racial classification. (wikipedia.org)
  • Very little prior research, however, has examined potential variation in this relationship across different racial/ethnic groups. (umich.edu)
  • What we ought to ask on medical questionnaires is not racial identification, but ancestry. (gnxp.com)
  • So note the following "ancestry" categories (just don't call em' "racial" categories! (gnxp.com)
  • These data demonstrate that not only is there a wide variation in hypertension prevalence among both racial groups, the rates among blacks are not unusually high when viewed internationally. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Racial categories in Latin America are often linked to both continental ancestry or mixture as inferred from phenotypical traits, but also to socio-economic status. (wikipedia.org)
  • Racial and ethnic discrimination is common in Latin America where socio-economic status generally correlates with perceived whiteness, and indigenous status and perceived African ancestry is generally correlated with poverty, and lack of opportunity and social status. (wikipedia.org)
  • The construction of race in Latin America is different from, for example, the model found in the United States, possibly because race mixing has been a common practice since the early colonial period, whereas in the United States it has generally been avoided or severely sanctioned.Moreover, phenotypical appearance determines racial classification more than strict ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Very generally speaking ethno-racial relations can be arranged on an axis between the two extremes of European and Amerindian cultural and biological heritage, this is a remnant of the colonial Spanish caste system which categorized individuals according to their perceived level of biological mixture between the two groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differences in duration of untreated psychosis for racial and ethnic minority groups with first-episode psychosis: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. (lenus.ie)
  • An admixture analysis allowing for Native American population subdivision revealed a differentiation of the Native American ancestry amongst Mestizos. (nih.gov)
  • Both basal East and West Eurasians acquired Neanderthal admixture in Europe and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethnogenesis of the modern ethnic groups of Europe in the historical period is associated with numerous admixture events, primarily those associated with the Roman, Germanic, Norse, Slavic, Arab and Turkish expansions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The question now became whether this admixture had taken place in Europe, or rather in the Levant, prior to AMH migration into Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparing clusters of genetic variation within Britain with DNA samples from Continental Europe, the study elucidated past immigration events via the identification and dating of historic admixture episodes (the interbreeding of two or more different population groups). (cambridge.org)
  • For this study, we characterized the impact of ancestry and admixture on genetic variants that underlie health- and disease-related phenotypes in population genomic samples from Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Puerto Rico. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In particular, the researchers found that variations in Native American ancestry among Mexicans and Mexican Americans significantly affect biomedical traits, such as lung function, emphasizing the importance of incorporating fine-scale ethnic information into clinical practice. (stanford.edu)
  • 14 Using these genetic markers, it is possible to see the ancestral components of Indigenous, European and African ancestors in modern day Mexicans and Mexican Americans. (scielosp.org)
  • Novel genetic markers associate with atrial fibrillation risk in Europeans and Japanese. (umassmed.edu)
  • Using samples taken from WHI participants, the researchers first determine part of each woman's genotype, or genetic fingerprint, using high through-put assays that specifically examine ancestry. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Raised incidence rates of all psychoses among migrant groups: findings from the East London first episode psychosis study. (lenus.ie)
  • However, in the context of frequent ECG repolarization anomalies in black athletes, the potential for erroneous diagnosis of arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy is considerably greater in this ethnic group. (acc.org)
  • An ethnic group is normally defined by having a degree of cultural and linguistic similarity and often an ideology of shared roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spanish people or Spaniards constitute the European nation and ethnic group native of Spain , in the Iberian Peninsula , which forms the southwest of Europe . (thefullwiki.org)
  • That "invasion" led to the formation of the Anglo-Saxon ethnic group that would rule much of the island for the next roughly 500 years, until the Normans showed up. (futuretimeline.net)
  • Data were collected on socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, perceptions of disadvantage, and identification with one's own ethnic group. (lenus.ie)
  • Unlike the United States where ancestry is used to define race, Latin American scholars came to agree by the 1970s that race in Latin America could not be understood as the "genetic composition of individuals" but instead "based upon a combination of cultural, social, and somatic considerations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic analyses recovered multiple deep lineages including a globally distributed lineage common among hosts of European ancestry and three lineages that primarily include hosts of Asian, African, and Latin American ancestry. (pnas.org)
  • SNPs that exist in any given Latin American population at a higher frequency than expected based on the population's genetic ancestry profile. (biomedcentral.com)
  • By analyzing the variation segregating among 241 mite sequences isolated from 70 human hosts, we showed that hosts with different regional ancestries harbor distinct lineages of mites and that these associations can persist despite generations spent in a new geographic region. (pnas.org)
  • Distinct continental population groups - African, Asian, and European in particular - are the most obvious examples of this evolutionary process. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the 1982 Constitution Act, "Aboriginal" is used to refer to three distinct groups: the First Nations people, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. (ubc.ca)
  • The study also looks at a subset of women identified as being of European descent to determine whether European ancestry puts women at higher risk of hip fracture. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The paper questions the utility of the term "minority research," for it disregards the considerable variation between and within minority groups and subcultures. (umassmed.edu)
  • The old descriptor ANIMALS will be changed to ANIMAL POPULATION GROUPS. (nih.gov)
  • Some of Mexico's indigenous groups are as genetically different from one another as Europeans from Chinese. (stanford.edu)
  • Some groups are as genetically different from one another as Europeans are from East Asians. (stanford.edu)
  • In particular, the Seri people along the northern mainland coast of the Gulf of California and a Mayan people known as the Lacandon found near the country's southern border with Guatemala are as genetically different from one another as Europeans are from Chinese. (stanford.edu)
  • We found they share very little genetically with other neighboring groups. (stanford.edu)
  • iirc, Pontic Greeks and Pontic Turks alike are unique among their meta-ethnic groups for being very genetically similar to Armenians and Georgians-and particularly low in European and Turkic ancestries, respectively. (gnxp.com)
  • You are really at the crossroads of Europe genetically. (eupedia.com)
  • Recently, the rs7677751 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) locus was found to be associated with corneal astigmatism in people of Asian ancestry.Gene-based pathway analysis identified a significant association between the Gene Ontology 'segmentation' (GO:0035282) pathway, corrected p=0.009.Better-powered studies are required to validate the novel putative findings of our study. (nih.gov)
  • Recently, the rs7677751 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) locus was found to be associated with corneal astigmatism in people of Asian ancestry. (nih.gov)
  • 9 Such estimates are most efficiently made with a set of markers that are selected to be specifically informative for continental ancestry, 10-13 but can also be ascertained from dense whole genome polymorphism data from SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) arrays. (scielosp.org)
  • Only in the last century have scientists and anthropologists begun using biological markers such as the blood groups in the search for humanity's imprint on our distant past. (dadamo.com)
  • Interrogation of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha locus and corneal astigmatism in Australians of Northern European ancestry: results of a genome-wide association study. (nih.gov)
  • We report here on the patterns of hypertension prevalence in a sample of 3 such surveys among blacks from Africa, the Caribbean and the US and 8 surveys among whites from the US, Canada and Europe. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We subsequently identified surveys on hypertension conducted since 1986 that were national in scope in North America and Europe. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If Lewontin wants to argue that Japanese, West-African, and Amerindian "ancestry" is informative about genetic differences (with varying levels of resolution) then there isn't much of substance to argue about, though we can quibble about whether we want a trendy euphemism to describe this differentiation that exists below the species level. (gnxp.com)
  • Southern Italy during pre‐colonial times was characterized by low levels of mobility and marked differences in group means and variances. (eupedia.com)
  • During post‐colonial times, mobility increased and there were no differences in group means and variances. (eupedia.com)
  • It is no surprise, then, that many of the distinctions between the blood groups involve basic functions of our digestive and immune systems.Evolution is usually considered in the context of millions of years, which is the time frame needed to explain the many differences between animals or other species. (dadamo.com)
  • Once that myth was shattered, they fell back on the position that there are differences if you pick the right groups (e.g. comparing the average native citizen of Lanzhou and Uppsala) but this is unfair. (blogspot.com)
  • What they dont know is that there are many hundreds of groups native to the Americas and some were even white with red hair, others were DARK skinned native Americans and that the facial features they describe are not unique to Africa. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. (statemaster.com)
  • Using genetic markers, it is possible to estimate the genetic ancestry of a group or of an individual. (scielosp.org)
  • The sheer number and diversity of the women who took part in the WHI study will also allow Seldin and his colleagues to determine the impact of ancestry on disease-risk. (ucdavis.edu)
  • In the European Bronze Age, there were again substantial population replacements in parts of Europe by the intrusion of Ancient North Eurasian (ANE) lineages from the Pontic-Caspian steppes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through its pioneering personal genome analysis service deCODEme™, deCODE enables individuals to better understand their risk of dozens of common diseases and to learn about their ancestry and other traits. (decode.com)
  • Specifically, the most common ancestry groupings were Oceanic (Melanesian and Papuan) and Eastern Asian (specifically Han Chinese). (frontiersin.org)
  • Ethnicity is often constructed either as an amalgam national identity or as something reserved for the indigenous groups so that ethnic identity is something that members of indigenous groups have in addition to their national identity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The indigenous peoples of Africa are those peoples from the African region whose way of life, attachment or claims to particular lands, and social and political standing in relation to other more dominant groups have resulted in their substantial marginalisation within modern African states. (statemaster.com)
  • About 18% of the people in post‐colonial times were of Greek ancestry and lived equally distributed across Greek colonies and indigenous villages. (eupedia.com)
  • For example, a recent study of U.S. "Latinos" in the San Francisco Bay Area including Mexican Americans demonstrated that approximately 55% of the ancestry among Mexican Americans is European, approximately 40% is Indigenous American and approximately 5% is African. (scielosp.org)
  • 27% of the total molecular variance segregated according to the regional ancestries of hosts. (pnas.org)
  • Most likely a shift in social behavior was required," he writes, "a genetic change that reduced the level of aggressivity common in hunter-gatherer groups. (bostonreview.net)
  • By the end of the LGM, after 20 ka, A Western European lineage, dubbed West European Hunter-Gatherer (WHG) emerges from the Solutrean refugium during the European Mesolithic. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the moment the British & Irish ancestry for anyone who has no known ancestry from that region should be interpreted as either Germanic or Celtic. (eupedia.com)
  • In your case I'd say that you have 4.1% relating to continental Celtic ancestry (Cornwall + South Wales) and the rest mostly Germanic (except maybe NW Scotland, which might be mixed Celtic and Norse). (eupedia.com)
  • It's known that large groups of Germanic tribes from continental Europe came over at some point between the fall of Rome and the rise of the English crown - but who, how many and how they got on with the locals has been a source of debate for as long as anyone can remember. (futuretimeline.net)
  • They mixed to a lesser extent but still profusely with Europeans from all over Europe and African slaves. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • The extent and multiplicity of problems experienced by this group affect the complexity of survey protocols. (umassmed.edu)
  • It looks like the development of farming and these Neolithic cultures was mainly driven by the migration of people from mainland Europe," says Natural History Museum anthropologist Tom Booth . (sciencealert.com)
  • Even if integration was mostly peaceful, groups of Neolithic newcomers would have had a significant advantage over holdouts of hunter gatherers. (sciencealert.com)
  • The prehistory of the European peoples can be traced by the examination of archaeological sites, linguistic studies and by the examination of the DNA of the people who live in Europe or from ancient DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Courthouse News) - The early ancestry of the peoples inhabiting Britain never has been quite settled. (futuretimeline.net)
  • Genetic fine mapping of systemic lupus erythematosus MHC associations in Europeans and African Americans. (healthsciencessc.org)
  • Genetic studies will correlate decreased bone mineral density with African-American, European and East Asian ancestry. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Since individuals in these groups are often of mixed ancestry, Seldin and his colleagues need to determine their continental ancestry - the percent of their genetic make-up that can be attributed to African, European or East Asian ancestry. (ucdavis.edu)
  • So there is no way to tell a continental African from a supposed Hebrew African. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • In the United States the term is generally used for Americans with Sub-Saharan African ancestry. (statemaster.com)
  • The greater part of these groups consist of variations of combined heritages of which the predominant are Native American, Spanish, other European and/or African. (thefullwiki.org)
  • We also found SNPs with excess African or European ancestry that are associated with ancestry-specific gene expression patterns and play crucial roles in the immune system and infectious disease responses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is an issue that will come up time and again: in Europe, for example, the hunter-gatherers disappeared thousands of years ago, and the extant population is apparently a mix of the two in proportions that remain to be determined. (blogspot.com)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "European Continental Ancestry Group" by people in this website by year, and whether "European Continental Ancestry Group" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (healthsciencessc.org)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "European Continental Ancestry Group" by people in Profiles. (healthsciencessc.org)
  • Our data suggest that the PDGFRA locus does not transfer a major risk of corneal astigmatism in people of Northern European ancestry. (nih.gov)
  • ANE ancestry is found throughout Europe, with maxima of about 20% found in Baltic people and Finns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it is possible to track migrations of people across Europe using founder analysis of DNA, most information on these movements comes from archaeology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those people from mainland Europe have their roots in a population that made their way from the Aegean, meaning the first farmers in Britain could trace their ancestry back to communities who once lived in what is today Greece and Turkey. (sciencealert.com)
  • Ethnicity on the other hand is a system that classifies groups of people according to cultural, linguistic and historic criteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of Mexico, however, is populated by people of mixed ancestry, primarily as a result of European colonization. (stanford.edu)
  • Belgian, Dutch and Northwest German people always score very high on South England and East Anglia, so that clearly represents Saxon and Frankish ancestry. (eupedia.com)

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