The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A family of biting midges, in the order DIPTERA. It includes the genus Culicoides which transmits filarial parasites pathogenic to man and other primates.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.
The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Ethnic group originating in India and entering Europe in the 14th or 15th century.
Encephalitis caused by neurotropic viruses that are transmitted via the bite of TICKS. In Europe, the diseases are caused by ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, TICK-BORNE, which give rise to Russian spring-summer encephalitis, central European encephalitis, louping ill encephalitis, and related disorders. Powassan encephalitis occurs in North America and Russia and is caused by the Powassan virus. ASEPTIC MENINGITIS and rarely encephalitis may complicate COLORADO TICK FEVER which is endemic to mountainous regions of the western United States. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp14-5)
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE containing over 150 viruses, most of which are transmitted by mosquitoes or flies. They are arranged in groups defined by serological criteria, each now named for the original reference species (previously called serogroups). Many species have multiple serotypes or strains.
Common name for an extinct species of the Homo genus. Fossils have been found in Europe and Asia. Genetic evidence suggests that limited interbreeding with modern HUMANS (Homo sapiens) took place.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Hazardous wastes in eastern and central Europe: technology and health effects. (1/257)

Issues of hazardous waste management are major concerns in the countries of eastern and central Europe. A National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences-supported conference was held in Prague, Czech Republic, as a part of a continuing effort to provide information and promote discussion among the countries of eastern and central Europe on issues related to hazardous wastes. The focus was on incineration as a means of disposal of hazardous wastes, with discussions on both engineering methods for safe incineration, and possible human health effects from incineration by-products. Representatives from government agencies, academic institutions, and local industries from 14 countries in the region participated along with a few U.S. and western European experts in this field. A series of 12 country reports documented national issues relating to the environment, with a focus on use of incineration for hazardous waste disposal. A particularly valuable contribution was made by junior scientists from the region, who described results of environmental issues in their countries.  (+info)

Ancestral origins and worldwide distribution of the PRNP 200K mutation causing familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. (2/257)

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) belongs to a group of prion diseases that may be infectious, sporadic, or hereditary. The 200K point mutation in the PRNP gene is the most frequent cause of hereditary CJD, accounting for >70% of families with CJD worldwide. Prevalence of the 200K variant of familial CJD is especially high in Slovakia, Chile, and Italy, and among populations of Libyan and Tunisian Jews. To study ancestral origins of the 200K mutation-associated chromosomes, we selected microsatellite markers flanking the PRNP gene on chromosome 20p12-pter and an intragenic single-nucleotide polymorphism at the PRNP codon 129. Haplotypes were constructed for 62 CJD families originating from 11 world populations. The results show that Libyan, Tunisian, Italian, Chilean, and Spanish families share a major haplotype, suggesting that the 200K mutation may have originated from a single mutational event, perhaps in Spain, and spread to all these populations with Sephardic migrants expelled from Spain in the Middle Ages. Slovakian families and a family of Polish origin show another unique haplotype. The haplotypes in families from Germany, Sicily, Austria, and Japan are different from the Mediterranean or eastern European haplotypes. On the basis of this study, we conclude that founder effect and independent mutational events are responsible for the current geographic distribution of hereditary CJD associated with the 200K mutation.  (+info)

Health status during the transition in Central and Eastern Europe: development in reverse? (3/257)

This paper reports on a study of the cross-national trends in health status during the economic transition and associated health sector reforms in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The central premise is that before long-run gains in health status are realized, the transition towards a market economy and adoption of democratic forms of government should lead to short-run deterioration as a result of: (i) reduction in real income and widening income disparities; (ii) stress and stress-related behaviour; (iii) lax regulation of environmental and occupational risks; and (iv) breakdown in basic health services. Analysis focused on three broad indicators of health status: life expectancy at birth, infant mortality rate and the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 65 years, shown by the notation '50q15'. The study revealed significant new information about health status and the health sector which could not have been obtained without a proper cross-national study. Infant mortality rates in former socialist economies (FSE) follow the global trend, declining as per capita income rises. However, rates are lower than would be predicted given their income levels. Despite declining infant mortality, life expectancy at birth in the former socialist economies decreases as per capita income rises, in marked contrast to global trends. This is because rising income level is associated with greater probability of death between the ages of 15 and 65: the wealthier the society, the less healthy is its population, particularly for its males. Causes of death in the FSE follow global trends: higher death rates due to infectious and parasitic diseases in poorer countries, and higher death rates due to chronic diseases in wealthier countries. However, age-standardized death rates for chronic diseases generally associated with unhealthy lifestyles and environmental risk factors are very high when compared with wealthier established market economies (EME). Policies and procedures which alter the effectiveness of health services have had a demonstrable but mixed impact on health status during the early phase of transition. Effective preventive health strategies must be formulated and implemented to reverse the adverse trends observed in Central and Eastern Europe.  (+info)

Health sector reform in central and eastern Europe: the professional dimension. (4/257)

The success or failure of health sector reform in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe depends, to a large extent, on their health care staff. Commentators have focused on the structures to be put in place, such as mechanisms of financing or changes in ownership of facilities, but less attention has been paid to the role and status of the different groups working in health care services. This paper draws on a study of trends in staffing and working conditions throughout the region. It identifies several key issues including the traditionally lower status and pay of health sector workers compared to the West, the credibility crisis of trade unions, and the under-developed roles of professional associations. In order to implement health sector reforms and to address the deteriorating health status of the population, the health sector workforce has to be restructured and training programmes reoriented towards primary care. Finally, the paper identifies emerging issues such as the erosion of 'workplace welfare' and its adverse effects upon a predominantly female health care workforce.  (+info)

Life expectancy in Central and Eastern European countries and newly independent states of the former Soviet Union: changes by gender. (5/257)

AIM: To examine changes in life expectancy at birth for countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union (NIS) for the period 1989-1996. Differences in the change by gender were examined and several factors which likely bear on the changes were discussed. Methods. Data from the WHO Health for All European Data Base were used to determine changes in life expectancy and selected economic factors for CEE and NIS countries. RESULTS: Changes in life expectancy varied by gender in both CEE and the NIS, with the difference increasing for the two groups during the period with the largest increase occurring in the NIS. Both male and female life expectancy declined, with male life expectancy dropping at a more rapid rate. In 1994, the year in which most, but not all countries, reached a low point, life expectancy for males had declined below 60 years for two countries. CONCLUSIONS: The most striking point about the decline in life expectancies was the short period in which the declines occurred, especially in the NIS. It is not possible to determine the exact cause for the changes, but there are likely multiple reasons. It is not completely clear why the decline in life expectancy was greater for males, although the linkage between economic and behavioral and lifestyle factors appear to have some association. Further research is necessary to determine why effects by gender vary so greatly and whether the negative outcomes are a short-term anomaly or will persist.  (+info)

Health insurance and productivity. (6/257)

AIM: To provide a conceptual understanding of the basic relationship between health insurance and overall economic productivity, and to look at the human development index as a proxy for the quality of human capital. METHODS: Economic data and data related to human development in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, including Croatia, were compared to the European Union (EU) average. Data were selected out of databases provided by the International Monetary Fund, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the United Nations. Income and growth rates were related to the EU averages. The human development index was used to compare the level of the average achievements in the longevity of life, knowledge, and quality of living in CEE countries. RESULTS: Relative to the EU-average, human development is lagging behind in CEE countries. Considering the world as a benchmark regarding human development, 8 out of 13 CEE countries exceed the world. However, all CEE countries have 3-28% lower human development than the industrialized countries. CONCLUSIONS: The specific challenge for transition countries is how to adopt strategies to translate economic progress into health and social gains through reliable institutions, among them social health insurance bodies. The institutions and the provision of social health insurance are particularly challenged at a turning point when transition in terms of macroeconomic stabilization, along with the consolidated organization and financing of social and health insurance schemes, is accommodated to a business cycle-driven market economy.  (+info)

Occupational cancer in central European countries. (7/257)

The countries of central Europe, including Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria, suffer from environmental and occupational health problems created during the political system in place until the late 1980s. This situation is reflected by data on workplace exposure to hazardous agents. Such data have been systematically collected in Skovakia and the Czech Republic since 1977. The data presented describe mainly the situation in the early 1990s. The number of workers exposed to risk factors at the workplace represent about 10% of the working population in Slovakia and 30% in Poland. In Slovakia in 1992 the percentage of persons exposed to chemical substances was 16.4%, to ionizing radiation 4.3%, and to carcinogens 3.3% of all workers exposed to risk factors. The total number of persons exposed to substances proven to be carcinogens in Poland was 1.3% of the employees; 2.2% were exposed to the suspected carcinogens. The incidence of all certified occupational diseases in the Slovak Republic was 53 per 100,000 insured employees in 1992. Cancers certified as occupational cancers are skin cancer caused by occupational exposure to carcinogens, lung cancer caused by ionizing radiation, and asbestosis together with lung cancer. Specific information on occupational cancers from Romania and Bulgaria was not available for this paper. It is difficult to predict a trend for future incidences of occupational cancer. Improved control technology, governmental regulatory activity to reduce exposure, surveillance of diseases and risk factors, and vigilant use of preventive measures should, however, ultimately reduce occupational cancer.  (+info)

Y chromosomal polymorphisms reveal founding lineages in the Finns and the Saami. (8/257)

Y chromosomal polymorphisms were studied in 502 males from 16 Eurasian ethnic groups including the Finns, Saami (Inari Lake area and Skolt Saami), Karelians, Mari, Mokshas, Erzas, Hungarians (Budapest area and Csangos), Khanty, Mansi, Yakuts, Koryaks, Nivkhs, Mongolians, and Latvians. The samples were analysed for polymorphisms in the Y chromosome specific Alu insertion (YAP) and six microsatellites (DYS19, DYS389-I and II, DYS390, DYS392, DYS393). The populations were also screened for the recently described Tat polymorphism. The incidence of YAP+ type was highest in the Csangos and in other Hungarians (37.5% and 17.5%, respectively). In the Karelians and the Latvians it was present at approximately the same level as commonly found in other European populations, whilst absent in our further samples of Eurasian populations, including the Finns and the Saami. Aside from the Hungarians, the C allele of the Tat polymorphism was common in all the Finno-Ugric speaking populations (from 8.2% to 63.2%), with highest incidence in the Ob-Ugrian Khanty. The C allele was also found in the Latvians (29.4%). The haplotypes found associated with the Tat C allele showed consistently lower density than those associated with the T allele, indicating that the T allele is the original form. The computation of the age of the Tat C suggested that the mutation might be a relatively recent event giving a maximum likelihood estimate of 4440 years (95% confidence interval about 3140-6200 years). The distribution patterns of the 222 haplotypes found varied considerably among the populations. In the Finns a majority of the haplotypes could be assigned to two distinct groups, one of which harboured the C allele of the Tat polymorphism, indicating dichotomous primary source of genetic variation among Finnish males. The presence of a bottleneck or founding effect in the male lineages of some of the populations, namely in the Finns and the Saami, would appear to be one likely interpretation for these findings.  (+info)

In Search of the Balkan Recovery : The Political and Economic Reemergence of South-Eastern Europe - Christopher Cviic - Hurst - 9781849040709 - Kitap
In each year of your degree you will take a number of individual modules, normally valued at 0.5 or 1.0 credits, adding up to a total of 4.0 credits for the year. Modules are assessed in the academic year in which they are taken. The balance of compulsory and optional modules varies from programme to programme and year to year. A 1.0 credit is considered equivalent to 15 credits in the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS).. You will take compulsory modules in politics, sociology and international relations in years one and two-including courses on the political developments of Russia and other parts of the former USSR, as well as central and south-eastern Europe.. In your final year you will write a dissertation based on an independent research project. You will choose additional optional modules in economics, history, language, politics and sociology to match your interests.. You are strongly encouraged to learn Russian or another east European language as part of your degree. As well as ...
The laboratory diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections in many Eastern European countries remains suboptimal. The main objective of the present evidence-based guidelines is to provide comprehensive information regarding the laboratory diagnosis of infections caused by Trichomonas vaginalis in East European countries. In particular, the present guidelines recommend: (i) to encourage examination of the wet mounts of vaginal exudates, instead of stained smears, at all clinical settings; (ii) nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) or culture could be employed if no trichomonads are detected on microscopic examination of the wet preparation and there is a strong indication of infection and (iii) the use of NAATs is encouraged in screening, using non-invasive specimens, or high volume testing situations. In the absence of internationally recognized commercial NAAT systems, tests developed in-house should be validated using obtainable international standards and quality assured strictly. ...
39 ASVe, Senato, Secreta, Registro 46, places. 40 Sanudo, Diarii, 19: 232-3, 378, 449. Impero Atti del Convegno della Facolta di Lingue e Letterature Straniere, download the soviet union eastern europe and the third world international council.
This Thematic Sequence examines Russian, East European and Eurasian history and politics from a multidisciplinary perspective. The Sequence allows students to study the history and politics of Russia and the former Soviet republics, from medieval times to today. Drawing from a range of disciplines and approaches, students have the opportunity to explore historical patterns, and political movements and parties from the 10th century to present. By considering this interaction, students gain meaningful insights into the development of this region as well as acquiring useful perspectives on western society. Because many of these courses are cross-listed, students from many different majors will be able to take the sequence by enrolling in the course through a department other than their major. Take one course from each tier.. 1. REL/RUS 133 Imagining Russia (3), or. ATH/HST/POL/REL/RUS 254 Introduction to Russian and Eurasian Studies (3); and. 2. ATH/RUS 306 Russia and Eurasia: Anthropological ...
This Thematic Sequence examines Russian, East European and Eurasian history and politics from a multidisciplinary perspective. The Sequence allows students to study the history and politics of Russia and the former Soviet republics, from medieval times to today. Drawing from a range of disciplines and approaches, students have the opportunity to explore historical patterns, and political movements and parties from the 10th century to present. By considering this interaction, students gain meaningful insights into the development of this region as well as acquiring useful perspectives on western society. Because many of these courses are cross-listed, students from many different majors will be able to take the sequence by enrolling in the course through a department other than their major. Take one course from each tier.. 1. REL/RUS 133 Imagining Russia (3) (MPF), ...
Read Images of Vilnius in the context of philosophy, sociology and mediology, Studies in East European Thought on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Late Paleozoic strata commonly include lithologic cycles (cyclothems), driven by sea-level fluctuations that repeatedly flooded and exposed broad expanses of epeiric shelves. Such successions, commonly with multiple unconformities, are well documented in Permo-Pennsylvanian sedimentary successions, but remain less understood in the East European Craton (EEC), part of the Euramerican continental shelf rim. This study documents unconformities and paleosols from the Podolskian to Myachkovian (middle Pennsylvanian) epeiric-carbonate succession of the EEC and explores the non-actualistic soil types, landscapes, and the character and density of vegetation in this Pennsylvanian calcimagnesian dryland environment.. Thin (mostly , 1 m) paleosols developed at seven successive unconformities consist of an upper terrestrial clay layer or topclay, a crust of beta calcrete beneath the topclay, and a weakly karsted substrate limestone with rare rhizocretions. Solution pits and small (, 3 m deep) karst ...
National political coordinators of the South-eastern Europe Health Network (SEEHN) and experts from international organizations will come together in Sofia, Bulgaria in June to finalize the regional reports for the Third Health Ministers Forum: Health in All Policies in south-eastern Europe: a shared goal and responsibility, 13-14 October 2011, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
SEEHN - Health ministers and high-level officials from the 10 countries in the South-eastern Europe Health Network (SEEHN) attended the first regional ministerial conference on organ donation and transplantation in Zagreb, Croatia on 4 June.
This paper analyses the impact of large and persistent emigration from Eastern European countries over the past 25 years on these countries growth and income convergence to advanced Europe. While emigration has likely benefited migrants themselves, the receiving countries and the EU as a whole, its impact on sending countries economies has been largely negative. The analysis suggests that labor outflows, particularly of skilled workers, lowered productivity growth, pushed up wages, and slowed growth and income convergence. At the same time, while remittance inflows supported financial deepening, consumption and investment in some countries, they also reduced incentives to work and led to exchange rate appreciations, eroding competiveness. The departure of the young also added to the fiscal pressures of already aging populations in Eastern Europe. The paper concludes with policy recommendations for sending countries to mitigate the negative impact of emigration on their economies, and the EU-wide
Russian and East European Studies greets the shop к постановке задачи, browser, facts, rights, different heritage, and block of Russia, the non-Russian readers of the thermal Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe. assumptions have original books of change that provide the non-Unicode idealization of Russian and East European Studies. Those using in Eastern Europe should give early Czech, Polish, Tree, Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian, or Japanese as too rapidly certain.
The Federation of East European Family History Societies should be the first stop for anyone researching East European geneology or family history on the Web ...
The main objective of the paper was to discuss the environmental issues in the countries of central and eastern Europe (CEE) and to show their significance for respiratory health. Many epidemiologic studies carried out in the region have documented an association between air pollution and adverse health effects in the respiratory tract. Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution has been related to an increase in mortality and hospital admissions for diseases of respiratory tract. Effects of long-term exposure was implicated in the rising trends of lower respiratory tract diseases, such as asthma and bronchitis, in both children and adults. Recent evidence indicates that the prevalence of allergic sensitization in the CEE countries is higher in urban than in rural areas, however, it is not clear to what extent ambient air pollution has contributed to this difference. It is difficult to estimate the toll of adverse health effects caused by air pollution in the CEE countries because of ...
U.S. to beef up military presence in Eastern Europe WASHINGTON - U.S. officials say the Pentagon will be deploying an armored brigade combat team to Eastern Europe next February as part of the ongoing effort to reassure allies worried about threats from an increasingly aggressive Russia.. By Lolita C. Baldor, Associated Press. ...
United States Contracts Eastern Europe News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about United States Contracts Eastern Europe From The latimes
i said i would start taking a look at the mating patterns of eastern europe after christmas, so here i am! (^_^) hold on ... here we go ... first of all, eastern europe is a big place, not to mention the medieval period, so consider this a premlinary view of things (which it is).…
Some differences and similarities between Eastern Europe and the rest of the Continent are presented regarding the treatment of hypertension. Based on data from the WHO Monitoring Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Diseases MONICA study, the prevalence of hypertension, and the proportion of uncontrolled hypertension, is clearly higher in...
Objective: To describe the service use of migrants from eight central and eastern European (CEE) countries at two central London genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics before and after accession to the European Union on 1 May 2004.. Methods: KC60 data collected between 1 June 2001 and 30 April 2007. Data refer to new attendances and exclude those attending for follow-up appointments.. Results: 102 604 people attended the clinics at least once over the study period. Between May 2006 and 30 April 2007 individuals born in the eight CEE countries accounted for 7.9% of attendances among women and 2.5% of attendances made by men; the proportion increasing significantly over the 6-year study period (p,0.001). Syphilis was more likely in CEE men (age-adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.98, 95% CI 1.07 to 8.29) and family planning services were more likely to be required for CEE women (23.9% vs 12.4%, age-adjusted OR 2.33, 95% CI 2.02 to 2.68, p,0.001), than for those born elsewhere. A larger proportion of men from ...
PubMed journal article: HFRS and hantaviruses in the Balkans/South-East Europe. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
The Caspian horse isnt a wild animal, its one of the oldest domesticated horse breeds in existence. The paper on its genetic diversity calculates admixture estimates using the Caspian Horse as the eastern refugium contributor, and these are very high even for British and Iberian horses that also show evidence for the secondary domestication center. Diversity of eastern European horse breeds is lower than in the Caspian horse, of course someone can use that as evidence that horses were domesticated in eastern Europe, but using the same kind of logic we would conclude that the lowest diversity areas point to the area of domestication, so wheat, barley, sheep, oxen, etc. were all domesticated in Europe and not the Middle East ...
This diversification of drug routes into the region has been noted in recent years by European police agency Europol, which highlighted a similar trend in a 2013 report on EU drug markets.. Europol also highlighted the growing role of the Eastern European countries in the trade, and how groups there have benefited from changes in the traditional monolithic criminal structures of Colombian and Mexican cartels, which have divided into smaller factions that often become rivals. This fragmentation has been a decisive factor in the formation of alliances between the resulting new structures and Eastern European groups. SEE ALSO: Coverage of Criminal Migration. Additionally, the emergence of new markets has opened the way for organized crime groups in Europe and Africa to establish new alliances and increase their participation in the market, a dynamic that has benefited criminal groups from Eastern Europe and the Balkans, according to Europol.. In one example of this growing participation, in ...
Best Eastern European Restaurants in Kommetjie, Cape Town: Find TripAdvisor traveller reviews of Kommetjie Eastern European restaurants and search by price, location, and more.
Best Eastern European Restaurants in Le Grand Saconnex, Geneva: Find TripAdvisor traveller reviews of Le Grand Saconnex Eastern European restaurants and search by price, location, and more.
The effect of ethnic diversity on income - an empirical investigation using survey data from a post-conflict environment. This empirical study is based on nationally representative cross-sectional survey data gathered to investigate the effect of ethnic diversity on personal and family incomes in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), a post-conflict society. The 1992-1995 conflict was harmful for ethnic diversity. Yet, two decades later, where it still exists, ethnic diversity gives rise to positive economic consequences. After controlling for other influences, the authors find lower probabilities of respondents in ethnically diverse neighbourhoods being in the lowest income categories but higher probabilities of being in medium and higher income categories. The largest effects are the reduced probabilities of respondents reporting no income, and are thus particularly relevant to poverty reduction. At the limit, their estimates imply an income gap of more than 20 per cent between a counter-factual ...
We are forwarding company located in the north of sweden with idea of doing business in Eastern Europe. We are agents of the fully automatic Pan Cake Machine and would like to find contacts to help us sell this machine in Finland and Russia. We are also in trading business and would like to find agent in the former Soviet Union to help us export a new brand of Scotch Whisky ...
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Lets write about something we know nothing about & be smug, overbearing & patronizing: after all, theyre just wogs: http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/06/06/estonian-rhapsdoy/ Guess a Nobel in trade means you can pontificate on fiscal matters & declare my country a wasteland. Must be a Princeton vs Columbia thing [Ilves went to Columbia for undergrad.] But yes, what do we know? Were just dumb & silly East Europeans. Unenlightened. Someday we too will understand. Nostra culpa. Lets sh*t on East Europeans: their English is bad, wont respond & actually do what theyve agreed to & reelect govts that are responsible. ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/BNA_s_Eastern_Europe_Reporter.html?id=Rq8SAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareBNAs Eastern Europe Reporter ...
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Objective : To describe recent patterns and trends in the HIV epidemic in eastern Europe. Methods : AIDS programme managers and epidemiologists of 23 countries were contacted and requested to provide national HIV surveillance data. Joint United Nations Programme on HlV/AIDS/World Health Organisation country fact sheets were reviewed and...
Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) is the region with perhaps the most severe shortage of labor in the world. Many companies with operations in this region are running into hiring difficulties and labor costs are rapidly rising. While a problem for companies, workers are benefiting and taking home large real wage gains.
Posted by: International Reaction in Health November 28, 2018 Comments Off on HIV diagnoses during all-time high in Eastern Europe, news says 22 Views ...
Read chapter 2 Individual Exchanges: Interacademy Programs Between the United States and Eastern Europe 1967-2009 documents how interacademy programs have...
[0 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Knife Markets in Eastern Europe to 2022 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts report by Global Research and Data Services. This industry report package offers the most up-to-date...
The Report Central and Eastern Europe: chromatography and electrophoresis equipment market provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. - MarketResearchReports.biz
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The industry report package Yeast Markets in Eastern Europe to 2022 offers the most up-to-date market data on the actual market situation, and future outlook fo ...
05 February 2018 The ILOs World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2018 takes stock of the current global labour market situation. The report launched during the recent annual meeting of the World Economic Forum raises concerns about the ability of the global economy to generate sufficient jobs. For Central and Eastern Europe the report states that the rebound of economic growth does not lead to major employment increase.. ...
The retail tissue market in Eastern Europe has been hindered by the economic downturn of many countries, as some have been slow to recover. This has led consumers to favour.
Eastern Europe IVD Market Report 2018: Markets are Ripe for Change PR Newswire DUBLIN, Jan. 2, 2019 DUBLIN, Jan. 2, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The IVD in Eastern Europe report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.coms offering. IVD comp...
This report presents a strategic analysis of the disinfectants market in Eastern Europe and a forecast - Market Research Reports and Industry Analysis
In the absence of physical meetings, Air Power Eastern Europe Online will provide a unique platform for the regional military aviation community to make new connections, explore new ideas and discover new solutions. A series of panel and roundtable discussion groups will bring together commanders from air forces, army and naval aviation, heads of flight training, materiel directors, capability planners, as well as industry leaders ...
This mod adds a generic focus tree to all of the Eastern Europe nations. Thats all it does. Should spice up your game more than just letting them all have the vanilla HOI4 generic tree. Enjoy, let me know if you have any suggestions/errors that need to be fixed ...
LEAD: As Eastern Europe struggles toward democracy, it must also grapple with a ravaged environment. Corrosive soot has fouled water and soil, and in blackened industrial cities the air is laced with heavy metals and chemicals. In a world ruled by production targets, there was no pressure to clean up.
FINANCIAL TIMES, ECONOMIST, PROSPECT and EVENING STANDARD BOOKS OF THE YEAR 2019. *Winner of the 2020 Lionel Gelber Prize*. A landmark book that completely transforms our understanding of the crisis of liberalism, from two pre-eminent intellectuals. Why did the West, after winning the Cold War, lose its political balance?. In the early 1990s, hopes for the eastward spread of liberal democracy were high. And yet the transformation of Eastern European countries gave rise to a bitter repudiation of liberalism itself, not only there but also back in the heartland of the West.. In this brilliant work of political psychology, Ivan Krastev and Stephen Holmes argue that the supposed end of history turned out to be only the beginning of an Age of Imitation. Reckoning with the history of the last thirty years, they show that the most powerful force behind the wave of populist xenophobia that began in Eastern Europe stems from resentment at the post-1989 imperative to become Westernized.. Through this ...
Brought to you by Penguin.. A landmark book that completely transforms our understanding of the crisis of liberalism, from two pre-eminent intellectuals. Why did the West, after winning the Cold War, lose its political balance?. In the early 1990s, hopes for the eastward spread of liberal democracy were high. And yet the transformation of Eastern European countries gave rise to a bitter repudiation of liberalism itself, not only there but also back in the heartland of the West.. In this brilliant work of political psychology, Ivan Krastev and Stephen Holmes argue that the supposed end of history turned out to be only the beginning of an Age of Imitation. Reckoning with the history of the last thirty years, they show that the most powerful force behind the wave of populist xenophobia that began in Eastern Europe stems from resentment at the post-1989 imperative to become Westernized.. Through this prism, the Trump revolution represents an ironic fulfillment of the promise that the nations exiting ...
Eastern Europe is an emerging epicenter of injection drug use and Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection, among women. Within Eastern Europe, the Republic of Georgia is one of the last countries where an Human Immunodeficiency Virus epidemic can still be averted. This proposal responds to RFA-DA-10-008 International Research Collaborations on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Drug Use by building on the successful collaboration among United States and Eastern European investigators from the Republic of Georgia and Russia. Recent data from Georgias neighbor, Russia, reported 59% of Injection Drug Using women Human Immunodeficiency Virus seropositive; this is a threat that looms over Georgia. Understanding the risk factors that operate in Russia that drive this epidemic may help forestall such a catastrophe in Georgia. As such, this proposal directly responds to the Eastern European Region question of How can drug abuse treatment interventions be integrated with ...
The Federation of East European Family History Societies should be the first stop for anyone researching East European geneology or family history on the Web ...
А surgery for partial joint replacement was performed for the first time in Bulgaria and in Eastern Europe. The innovative technology helps for full recovery of joint problems, reported BNT. The team of Prof. Plamen Kinov from Tsaritsa Yoanna University Hospital (ISUL) in Sofia performed the surgery. Only the injured part of the joints is replaced, not the whole joint. This helps to keep more healthy tissues and bones, and the recovery is faster.. Patients can exercise, run, play football, and climb mountains, ie. have an absolutely normal functioning after the surgery, Prof. Kinov explained.. The first patient in Eastern Europe is the former football player of Karnobat Municipal Football Club Teodor Todorov. His spent his whole life on the pitch until he got a serious joint problem a year ago.. The surgery for the partial prosthesis of joints is covered by the National Health Insurance Fund.. After the successful operation on 3rd of August, the team of Tsaritsa Yoanna University Hospital ...
All ages and truncated (35 to 64 years) mortality rates from all neoplasms and from cancers of the lung, stomach, intestines, and breast for the six calendar quinquennia from 1960-1964 to 1985-1989 were computed from official death certification data and population estimates obtained from the World Health Organization database for total Europe (excluding former Soviet Union) and for three broad European areas: (a) member countries of the European Economic Community for the last period of the study; (b) other Western European countries; and (c) Eastern European countries. In Europe, mortality rates for all neoplasms increased for men and decreased for women. The increase in men can be largely explained by the major tobacco-related lung cancer epidemic throughout Europe. Lung cancer mortality rates rose steeply in Eastern Europe, where the truncated rates reached the highest levels ever observed, and there is no evidence of a leveling off. Stomach cancer mortality decreased in all Europe for both ...
Downloadable! Based on the concept of covered interest parity it is shown that the money markets in Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and the Slovak Republic meanwhile display a high degree of international integration with the euro area. Integration has strengthened continuously in the review period of 1999 to mid 2002. The segmentation that could still be observed stems from both restrictions on the short-term movement of capital and the limited development of the financial sectors in the four accession countries. While almost all capital controls have since been removed and will no longer play a role after accession to the EU, the implementation and transmission of the single monetary policy within the Eurosystem will possibly be impeded, if the financial sectors in CEE are then still underdeveloped.
The East European Shepherd (VEO) (in Russian: Восточно-европейская овчарка (ВЕО)) -is a breed of dog that was developed in the 1930-1950s based on German Shepherd Dogs to create a larger cold-resistant breed for military use, police work and border guard duties in the Soviet Union. VEOs are also used as guide dogs for the blind and there are VEO therapy dogs. This breed is popular in Russia where it entered a public culture and acquired a legendary status as an extremely smart and loyal dog devoted to their owners. The breed is well known in other ex-Soviet Union republics. In the West, the East-European Shepherd is a rare breed that is not well known: information about the breed on online sources, in English, is limited and often incorrect or distorted. The East European Shepherd is larger than a German Shepherd: males are 66-76 centimetres (26-30 inches) at the withers and weight 35-50 kg, females are 62-72 centimetres (24.5-28 inches) and weight 30-50 kg. Along ...
For the prospective part of the study, the enrolled subjects will be followed up for a period of 1 year starting from the consent date, during which the parent(s)/ legally acceptable representative(s) will be asked to bring the subject for a visit each time they notice symptoms of acute otitis media or respiratory tract infection in the subject. In case AOM is diagnosed by the investigator, detailed information on the signs, symptoms, severity, course and treatment will be recorded. The parent(s)/ legally acceptable representative(s) of the subjects will also be required to fill up a parental quality of life questionnaire and an Otitis Media-6 childrens quality of life questionnaire ...
During the previous fiscal period, the countries that used European Union funds most effectively in Central and Eastern Europe were Lithuania, Slovenia, and Estonia, an analysis by audit firm KPMG showed.
Obsidian ; Prehistoric Central Europe ; Prehistoric Eastern Europe ; Trace element characterization ; Neutron activation analysis ; Zemplen Mountains, North Eastern Hungary ; Mousterian period ; Neolithic and Copper and Bronze Ages
Historically, medicinal plants have been a key element of healthcare, and are still widely used as alternative and complementary therapy (mainly in developed countries) or as a primary treatment (in most developing countries). Moreover, many of the modern pharmaceuticals were developed from molecules extracted from natural sources, and medicinal plants still today represent an important pool for the identification of novel drug leads. The ethnopharmacological tradition in Central and Eastern Europe has a great historical significance and large part of the Western world´s knowledge for therapeutic properties of medicinal plants has its roots in the Greek and Roman cultures (e.g., with a reference to the influential works of Dioscorides, Pliny the Elder, and Galen). The German-speaking Central European areas have also played very important roles, with some influential medieval herbal book editions such as the Mainz Herbal (Herbarius Moguntinus, 1484) and The German Herbal (1485). Moreover, at the
The United Nations has announced the appointment of Michel Kazatchkine as the Secretary-Generals new Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, one of only two regions in the world where HIV is continuing to grow.
Despite permissive laws and a well-developed network of facilities, the incidence of unsafe abortion and the resulting maternal mortality is unacceptably high in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with one-quarter ...
HIV rates are dropping all over the world, but Eastern Europe and Central Asia are being left behind. But basics such as test-and-treat programs can make a difference, experts say.
A lot of factors have fuelled the spread of HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, mainly official apathy, discrimination and criminalisation of drug addicts.
During the 1990s, much of Eastern Europe and Central Asia began the arduous process of political, economic and social transformation. In the first five years of transition, when unprofitable indus...
AbeBooks.com: The Orthodox Church and Civil Society in Russia (Eugenia & Hugh M. Stewart 26 Series on Eastern Europe) (9781585445233) by Wallace L. Daniel and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
The Association for Public Policy Analysis, affiliated with Duke University, sponsored a forum on developing parliamentary institutions in Eastern Europe as part of its meeting in Washington, DC. Speakers in the forum included representatives of the governments of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland. The speakers responded to questions from the attendees following their prepared remarks.
SIR - If current experience in Hungary is anything to go by the church in Eastern Europe has anything but waning involvement in politics as you assert. Since last September Catholic clergy here have weekly called from the pulpit for the removal of Ferenc Gyurcsanys socialist govemment on the grounds that it is unchristian. Could you imagine the outrage if Anglican clergy were to use similar immoderate language in England ...
Drug-resistant tuberculosis is a particular problem in areas of Eastern Europe and China, according to a report released on Tuesday by the Global ...
Munich, 22 August 1997 (RFE/RL) -- The German government has agreed with an international Jewish organization to begin a speedy consideration of proposals for offering compensation to Holocaust survivors living in central and eastern Europe. A government spokesman said in Bonn yesterday it...
AbeBooks.com: Ornament & Jewellery: Archaeological finds from Eastern Europe: Quarto. 89pp. White photo-illustrated dustjacket protected in glassine over maroon cloth with gilt stamped illustration on cover, gilt stamped lettering on spine. Black photo-illustrated endpapers. Presents . the distinctive Slav contribution to the art of jewellery in the Early Middle Ages (publisher), with 80 color photographs. Glassine lightly chipped, small closed tear to d/j spine. D/j in overall good, binding and interior in very good+ condition.
About a month ago on this blog, I posted photos and a story about a missionary in Eastern Europe who is caring for a man who has keratin-like matter growing out of the skin on hands and feet (see part...
This is the first study of its kind in Romania, aiming to provide an in-depth analysis of prospective physician migration, with a particular emphasis on the attitudes and practices undertaken by medical graduates in relation to choosing a career abroad.. In this study, 84.7% of the respondents are considering to seek employment abroad after graduation. The total percentage of students that are considering emigration (84.7%) is higher than in other Eastern European countries. For comparison, Polish students estimated the likelihood of emigration to be around 50% [11]. 60% of medical residents from Lithuania stated that they intended to emigrate, 15% of them permanently [27], and only 45% of the Czech physicians are contemplating emigration [28]. One third of the final year medical students from Croatia reported their willingness to permanently leave the country in search of employment elsewhere [10]. In 2004, surveys conducted in Central and Eastern Europe found that 10.4% of Polish, 15.6% of ...
1. Addressing government censorship and countering the Global North narrative - In Senegal, Tidiane Hamadou is addressing the issue of government censorship, and challenging the Global Norths narrative on the Global South by making way for African voices in the conversation through Ouestaf News. When independent journalism began to emerge as an opposition-led press, journalists were not always adequately trained and many were exposed to a host of pressures from political and business interests-a situation that still exists. Tidiane has founded a region wide online news outlet-Ouestafnews-in which a corps of independent, investigative journalists report on the stories they care about without being subject to outside pressure. Tidiane hopes to show the world that this approach to news is both sustainable and accomplishable by a new generation of journalists.. 2. Strengthening media in post-communist Eastern European countries - In Eastern Europe and Eurasia Jeremy Drucker is strengthening the ...
My sister is adopted from China, and my co-workers daughter from South Korea. My sisters (white) parents would have been happy with a child of either gender. However, the East Asian countries seem to only have girls in the orphanages, especially in China due to the one-child policy. These orphanages tend to be run ok, though problems abound. My sisters orphanage in Hunan had no heat (no gov $ for it), so the babies were wrapped in many layers of blankets so they would stay warm by caring staff. This also meant her motor skills were severely delayed because shed basically been in a well-meaning straight jacket for most of her life. The staff cried and hugged my sister when her parents came to get her, and wrote her notes. They took many pictures and saved the notes for my sister when she is a little older.. They chose to adopt from China instead of Eastern Europe (where boys are available) because the orphanages in Eastern Europe are widely reputed to be poorly run and to hide physical and ...
The Republic of Albania is located in south-eastern Europe and has a population of 2.8 million (2011 census). It was established as a unitary parliamentary republic in 1991 after 46 years of Communist rule. This review of the budget process of the ... ...
Hepatitis B virus genotype D can be found in many parts of the world and is the most prevalent strain in south-eastern Europe, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East, and the Indian sub-continent. The epidemiological history of the D genotype and its subgenotypes is still obscure because of the scarcity of appropriate studies. We retrieved from public databases a total of 312 gene P sequences of HBV genotype D isolated in various countries throughout the world, and reconstructed the spatio-temporal evolutionary dynamics of the HBV-D epidemic using a Bayesian framework.The phylogeographical analysis showed that India had the highest posterior probability of being the location of the tree root, whereas central Asia was the most probable location of the common ancestor of subgenotypes D1-D3. HBV-D5 (identified in native Indian populations) diverged from the tree root earlier than D1-D3. The time of the most recent common ancestor (tMRCA) of the tree root was 128 years ago, which suggests that the ...
printDistricts}} Belgrade (Serbian: Београд, Beograd) [http://www.beograd.rs/cms/view.php?id=220] - meaning White City - is the capital of the Republic of [[Serbia]]. Various styles of architecture dominate the city, while its recent resurgence as the leading hub in south-eastern Europe make it a must see destination. == Understand == [[Image:Belgrade hoods.png,thumb,right,300px,Belgrades districts and neighbourhoods]] [[Image:50604571beograd1223pe.jpg,thumb,right,270px,The St Sava Church, the biggest Eastern Orthodox Church in the world (a must-see for all visitors)]] [[Image:16420443824ff7a9bf4b3pi.jpg,thumb,right,270px,Knez Mihajlova, one of the most popular pedestrian-only streets in Belgrade]] Belgrade is the capital of the Republic of Serbia and is, as such, the countrys largest city with a population of about 1.7 million people [https://zis.beograd.gov.rs/upload/Beograd_u_brojkama_2010.pdf]. It lies on the confluence of the Sava and [[Danube]] rivers. The city has a ...
On 23-24 October 2014 Gdynia played host to the UBC and the City of Gdynia Joint Conference entitled „Baltic Sea Region advancing towards Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning organized within CIVITAS [email protected] European project.. 25 international speakers from six European countries shared their knowledge on SUMP development over two days of presentations and workshops.. The first day of the conference was divided into three main panels: SUMP as a complex approach to mobility planning, SUMP ripple effect across borders - experiences and future funding and Local scale mobility planning - City of Gdynia case study.. The second day of the conference was focused on competence building and methodologies supporting the SUMP development process. Starting with the panel on Competence building regarding SUMPs in Europe, covering the subjects of the BSR and South-Eastern Europe Competence Centres on SUMP, followed by interactive session during which participants talked about weaknesses and strengths ...
The negative consequences undoubtedly exist. The state of public health in Eastern Europe started to stagnate as early as the mid-1960s. The rapid transformations of the early 1990s caused a severe deterioration of an already precarious situation. The former Soviet republics experienced dramatic increases in their mortality rates, especially among men, and suicide mortality was no exception. Rather, the increases in suicide levels in some of the East European countries were of such magnitude that it is scarcely possible to find their counterparts in 20th century history. In Russia, suicide mortality increased by 62 percent between 1989 and 1994, in Lithuania (which presently has the highest suicide mortality rate in the world), the increase during this same period amounted to 69 percent (see Figure).15. These alarming developments soon caught the attention of researchers.16 In terms of theories about suicide, they pose serious problems for those who claim that suicide is always a result either ...
Even if there were a greater measure of efficiency, the East European economies are not equipped for the scale of exports required to generate market-led growth How much Polish pork and soft fruit can Western Europes Common Market absorb without threatening its own Common Agricultural Policy? If foreign exchange cannot be earned, then foreign business cannot repatriate its profits and will not invest on any scale.. The problem is becoming even more exaggerated now as all the Comecon (Eastern Europe) countries compete to get as much foreign exchange as they can. Moscow has now set 1991 as the year in which all buyers of its oil and gas exports must pay world-market prices in hard currency (and the entire East except Romania is entirely dependent on Soviet energy supplies).. The East has managed so far only by borrowing abroad, but the supply is now (tying up-at just the time when it should increase. One estimate predicts the East will need an inflow of at least $80 billion-90 billion annually ...
Martin Koenig* founded New Yorks Balkan Arts Center (now CTMD) in 1968, a vital cultural organization building cross-cultural bridges through music, dance and folklore. Koenig first fell in love with East European folk dancing in college in the 1950s. He adventurously traveled behind the iron curtain in Eastern Europe to learn the dances directly from the source. Seeing the old traditions rapidly disappearing he started documenting, with tape recorder and camera. One result was three classic 1970s Nonesuch Explorer LPs. But less well known were over a dozen 7 vinyl EPs of his field recordings (often made with his CTMD co-director Ethel Raim**), the Balkan Arts Series, that circulated only in folk-dance circles. Now over four decades later the Balkan Arts series is getting a broader release for the first time, both digitally and on the original 7 vinyl (with beautiful new cover art from Martins photo archive, expansive liner notes and even an audio commentary from Koenig). Martin Koenig joins ...
During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Catholic Church, many countries in western Europe moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals - December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.[citation needed]. In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record notes the execution of Charles I as occurring on January 30, 1648, (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.. Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed ...
Note that red color indicates presence of the haplotype, while blue indicates its absence. It appears that there is core Eastern European area where the haplotype is present, and this includes most (all?) Slavo-Baltic countries. In Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Belgium and the British Isles the haplotype is mostly lacking(*), which seems to indicate its likely absence in the Proto-Germanic gene pool; this is not true for Germany, Austria and Switzerland, reflecting historical contacts with Slavic and Baltic peoples. The haplotype is also mostly lacking in the Italo-Celtic world, and in the Southern Balkans, again illustrating its essentially Balto-Slavic likely origin (in most cases ...
Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Emigration and Immigration, Europe; Eastern/ethnology, Female, Health Status, Health Surveys, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Middle Aged, Poland/ethnology, Risk Factors, Russia/ethnology, Self Concept, Smoking/adverse effects, Socioeconomic Factors, Sweden/epidemiology/ethnology, USSR/ethnology ...
International aid organizations in Albania are helping to establish new shelters for sexually exploited girls from Eastern European countries. Its all part of an effort to increase awareness of th...
UNECEs major aim is to promote pan-European economic integration. To do so, it brings together 56 countries located in the European Union, non-EU Western and Eastern Europe, South-East Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and North America. All these countries dialogue and cooperate under the aegis of UNECE on economic and sectoral issues. However, all interested United Nations member States may participate in the work of UNECE. Over 70 international professional organizations and other non-governmental organizations take part in UNECE activities ...
(SkyNews) - A chemistry student has been found dead with his jaw blown off by what is believed to be exploding chewing gum, reports have said. The 25-year-olds disfigured remains were discovered at his parents home in the northern Ukrainian city of Konotop, reports in the Eastern European country said. via Exploding Chewing Gum: Ukraine…
Gay vows are making the headlines in Bulgaria as a famous drag queen weds his partner. Azis, a drag pop star whose liking for plastic surgery, and his penis enlargement and lip surgery has not gone unnoticed in the eastern European country, exchanged rings with his partner Niki Kitaetsa in a ceremony they will repeat before a concert audience in Sofia tonight.. According to the Sofia news agency, After the concert Azis and his beloved will travel to Germany where they will have their official wedding.. The agency also reports that tonights concert will be his last before a Bulgarian audience that has grown used to his flamboyant stunts and videos, two of which I present to you after the jump.... ...
The United States takes a more laissez-faire approach, setting some minimum standards but leaving most workers wages and benefits to collective bargaining and market forces. Thus, it comes closest to the above Anglo-Saxon model. Also, the Eastern European countries that have recently entered into the EU come closest to the Anglo-Saxon model. In contrast, in Germany, the relation between individual employees and employers is considered to be asymmetrical. In consequence, many working conditions are not negotiable due to a strong legal protection of individuals. However, the German flavor or works legislation has as its main objective to create a balance of power between employees organized in unions and employers organized in employers associations. This allows much wider legal boundaries for collective bargaining, compared to the narrow boundaries for individual negotiations. As a condition to obtain the legal status of a trade union, employee associations need to prove that their leverage is ...
This sheep wool is suitable for knitting, crochet, felting. 100% Wool. Made in Lithuania from Lithuanian Sheep. An Eastern European Country.
Masters, Tom (2007). Eastern Europe. Lonely Planet. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-74104-476-8. Kirchhainer, Karin (2003). "Das Ossuarium ... Norris, H.T. (1993). Islam in the Balkans Religion and Society Between Europe and the Arab World. University of South Carolina ... Thessaloniki: Museum of Byzantine Culture, Thessaloniki; European Centre tor Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Monuments, ...
ISBN 978-90-04-20663-2. Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-57607-800-6. Jarema Maciszewski (1986). Szlachta polska i ... The civil war in Poland (1704-1706) was a part of a larger European conflict, the Great Northern War. It focused on the ... War, State and Society in Northeastern Europe 1558-1721. Harlow: Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-06429-4.. ...
ISBN 978-0-521-86958-4. Eastern Europe. Lonely Planet. 2007. p. 443. ISBN 978-1-74104-476-8. "9 Million Tons of Crude Oil ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Bibliography Aalto, Pami (1 March 2013). The Eu-Russian Energy Dialogue: Europe's ... Vessel-source Pollution and Coastal State Jurisdiction in the South-eastern Baltic Sea. Maklu. ISBN 978-90-6215-762-4. Herd, ...
... and Central and Eastern Europe) and X (linking Central Europe with the Balkans). This gives it a special position in the ... The initial revolutionary events in Slovenia pre-dated the Revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe by almost a year, but went ... Slovenia joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. Slovenia has one Commissioner in the European Commission, and seven Slovene ... The Pan-European railway corridors V and X, and several other major European rail lines intersect in Slovenia. All ...
Eastern Europe. ISBN 9781576078006. Vane, Charles William (1838). Recollections of a tour in the north of Europe in 1836-1837. ... The lands on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea were the last part of Europe to be Christianized by the Roman Catholic Church ... In 1193 Pope Celestine III called for a crusade against the pagans in Northern Europe. This crusade is often compared to the ...
Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 76. ISBN 1-57607-800-0. "UT ART MUSEUM PRESENTED CATALOGUE OF UNIVERSITY ART COLLECTION HELD AT ...
Eastern Europe. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-74104-476-8. "Awards for René Vilbre". imdb.com. Retrieved 2008-09-23. Aadamsoo, ...
Frucht, Richard (2005). Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 93. ISBN 1-57607-800-0. "International Artists - Arrak, Jüri". University ... He is a member of the Estonian Artist's Association and a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts. Arrak's works ...
Frucht, Richard (2005). Eastern Europe. Volume 2. p. 888. ISBN 9781576078006. ,volume= has extra text (help) Konidaris, ... The occupation was given official status in the 1920 Treaty of Sèvres, with Greece being awarded most of Eastern Thrace and a ... Myhill, John (2006). Language, religion and national identity in Europe and the Middle East : a historical study. Amsterdam [u. ... ISBN 978-0-7146-1974-3. Stein, Jonathan (2000). The politics of national minority participation in post-communist Europe : ...
Crawfurd Price (1919). Eastern Europe ...: a monthly survey of the affairs of central, eastern and south-eastern Europe, Volume ... Cartography in Central and Eastern Europe: Selected Papers of the 1st ICA Symposium on Cartography for Central and Eastern ... American Association for South Slavic Studies, American Association for Southeast European Studies, South East European Studies ... People from Eastern Bulgaria also refer to those who live in Sofia as Shopi, but as a result of migration from the whole of ...
Eastern Europe; the Soviet Union: Albania". Digicoll.library.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2013-12-24. Lulushi, Albert (2014-06-03). ... Kupi arrived in New York City on 14 September 1949 as a member of the National Committee for Free Europe (along with his son ...
2007). "Turkey" (PDF). Eastern Europe; Eastern Mediterranean, 1969-1972. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976. ... The disappearance of the Soviet threat and the perception of being excluded from Europe created a sense of vulnerability with ... The United States and Turkey share membership in NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and ... It was a State visit where he also attended the Organization for Security and Cooperation's Europe Summit meeting. Play media ...
Traditionally, Estonia has been seen as an area of rivalry between western and eastern Europe on many levels. An example of ... Masters, Tom (1 November 2006). "Eastern Europe". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 21 August 2017 - via Google Books. The Baltic States ... The divorce rate is close to 60%. Estonia has one of the greatest percentages of single parents in Europe. The average ... In 2005, Estonia joined the European Union's Nordic Battle Group. Estonian Song Festival Sport in Estonia List of museums in ...
ISBN 0-333-80085-0. Sághy, Marianne (2006). "Eastern Europe". In Schaus, Margaret (ed.). Women and Gender in Medieval Europe: ... Central European University Press. ISBN 963-9116-20-3. Rady, Martyn (2000). Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary. ...
Norman John Greville Pounds (1969). Eastern Europe. Aldine Pub. Co. p. 67. carleton stevens coon (1939). the races of europe. p ... in the occupied territories of Eastern Europe, although to a milder degree than other non-German ethnic groups. Nazi racial ... The Nazi Judicial and Administrative System in Germany and Occupied Eastern Europe with Special Regard to Occupied Poland, 1939 ... The various dialects spoken by the Gorals descend from Proto-Slavic from the Eastern Lechitic, Old Polish area, superimposed by ...
Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 644. Spencer Tucker et al. eds. (1999). The European Powers in the First World War: An ... Liberal Imperialism in Europe (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) pp. 115-140. Kann, Robert A. The multinational empire: nationalism and ... Liberal Imperialism in Europe. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 130. Budisavljević Srđan, Stvaranje Države SHS, (Creation of the state of ...
2005). Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 252. ISBN 978-1-57607-800-6. Craft, Kimberly L. (2011) The Private Letters of Countess ... Rudolf's collections were the most impressive in the Europe of his day, and the greatest collection of Northern Mannerist art ... His lifelong quest was to find the Philosopher's Stone and Rudolf spared no expense in bringing Europe's best alchemists to ... Searching for the secrets of nature in Central Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. Artefactum. ISBN 978-80-86890-33-3. ...
Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 115. ISBN 9781576078006. Retrieved 2009-08-01. Francis W. Carter and David Turnock. 2002. ... Compare: Frucht, Richard C. (2005-01-01). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. ISBN ... Environmental problems of East Central Europe. 442 pages Google eBook Daugava River photos at flickr. ... other European rivers contributing to such high nutrient loading of the Baltic are the Oder and Vistula Rivers.[citation needed ...
Masters, Tom (2007-01-01). Eastern Europe. Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781741044768. Horn, Alfred (1998-01-01). Czech and Slovak ...
Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 627. ISBN 9781576078006. In contrast, the emperor Justinian (527-565) refashioned the eastern part ... Throughout most of the Middle Ages in Western Europe, attempts were made again and again to unite all the Christian world into ... Shadid, W. A. R. (1 January 1995). Religious Freedom and the Position of Islam in Western Europe. Peeters Publishers. p. 11. ... The preamble to the Hungarian Constitution of 2011 describes Hungary as "part of Christian Europe" and acknowledges "the role ...
... the border became part of the eastern border of the European Economic Community, then that of the European Union. For a period ... Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe: Fourth Edition. Hoover Press. p. 185. ISBN 978-0-8179-7693-4. John E. Jessup (1 January ... ISBN 0-253-22077-7. Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-57607-800-6. Manfred F. Boemeke; Gerald D. Feldman; Elisabeth ... Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe. Oxford University Press, USA. pp. 377-385. ISBN 978-0-19-982766-4. Torin Monahan (2006 ...
Frucht, Richard (2005). Eastern Europe. ABC-CLIO. p. 111. ISBN 1-57607-800-0. By Royal Institute of International Affairs. ... Sean M. Mcateer (2008). 500 Days: The War in Eastern Europe, 1944-1945. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Red Lead Press. p. 273. F.I. ... The chief of evacuation for the navy was the Admiral of the Eastern Baltic Sea, Theodor Burchardi. He was mainly responsible ... southern shore of the Gulf of Finland to ease the situation in Finland and keep the Soviet Baltic Fleet trapped in the eastern ...
Eastern Europe. Ginn, Lexington, Mass. 1973. Croatian illyrism; its background and genesis. 1975. A study in social survival: ... From 1972-85, he was director of the Center for Russian and Eastern European Studies. He also taught at Stanford's overseas ... In 1977, he was appointed to Robert and Florence McDonnell Professor of Eastern European Studies at Stanford, a chair first ... He attended the University of California, Berkeley, earning a M.A. in East European history in 1936. He continued to pursue his ...
Eastern Europe. Lonely Planet. p. 705. ISBN 9781741048544. Retrieved 2015-02-26. https://www.romania-insider.com/romanias- ...
Eastern Europe!: Everything You Need to Know About the History (and More) of a Region that Shaped Our World and Still Does. ... Williamstown, MA: New Europe Books. ISBN 978-0-9850623-3-0. Macartney, C. A. (2009). Hungary: From Ninth Century Origins to the ... Boulder, CO: East European Monographs, pp. 170 ff. Dávid, Géza. 1997. Studies in demographic and administrative history of ... Royal Hungary became one theatre of the European war between Emperor Leopold I and Louis XIV. The president of the Viennese ...
"Hungarians in Transylvania between 1870 and 1995". Francis Tapon: The Hidden Europe: What Eastern Europeans Can Teach Us, ... Robin Okey (2003). Eastern Europe 1740-1985: Feudalism to Communism. Routledge. p. 162. ISBN 9781134886876. John Lukacs (1990 ... "Hungary on a fixed course: An outline of Hungarian history, 1918-1945." in Joseph Held, ed., Columbia history of Eastern Europe ... "Open-Site:Hungary". Richard C. Frucht (31 December 2004). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. ...
Eastern Europe: Newsletter. 12-13. Eastern Europe. 1998. p. 22. Steinke, Klaus; Ylli, Xhelal (2010). Die slavischen ... Ethnic Groups and Political Cultures in Eastern Europe. LIT Verlag. p. 85. ISBN 9783643802095. ... Culture of Crisis in Southeast Europe, Part I: Crises Related to Migration, Transformation, Politics, Religion, and Labour. LIT ... Remigration to Post-Socialist Europe. Hopes and Realities of Return. Lit Verlag. p. 265. ISBN 9783643910257. Schmidinger, ...
The Eagles guidelines have inspired subsequent work on other regions, as well, e.g., Eastern Europe. Petrov et al. have ... Parallel and comparable corpora and lexicons for six central and eastern european languages. In Proceedings of the 17th ... For Western European languages, cross-linguistically applicable annotation schemes for parts-of-speech, morphosyntax and syntax ...
"Eastern Europe". Redaktionsbüro. Retrieved 18 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) v t e. ...
Eastern Edition). New York, N.Y.: Jul 16, 1997. Pg. A. 20 Levy, Paul. Wall Street Journal. (Europe). Brussels: Jul 4, 1997. Pg ...
Find this book in the GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog, a joint effort of multiple states in northern and eastern Germany ... Find this book at the Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog, a European cross-library search engine ... Find this book in the Minuteman Library Network (MLN) catalog (in Eastern Massachusetts) ...
... the lowland Eastern Europe a shield (the area of uplands and low mountains of Western Europe), and the Alpine zone of high ... Richard C. Frucht (2008). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-800-6. ... Major river in Central and Eastern Europe. "Visla" redirects here. For the dog breed, see Vizsla. For other uses, see Vistula ( ... Mela names the river Vistula (3.33), Pliny uses Vistla (4.81, 4.97, 4.100). The root of the name Vistula is Indo-European *u ...
Collins, Paul (4 March 2014). The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century. p ... On the eastern front, the Turks continued to loom large as a threat, although war would mean further compromises with the ... Collins, Paul (4 March 2014). The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century. p ... "Silesia , historical region, Europe". Encyclopedia Britannica.. *^ Herrmann, Joachim (1970). Die Slawen in Deutschland. Berlin ...
Also, the Eastern European countries that have recently entered into the EU come closest to the Anglo-Saxon model. ... In 2006, the European Court of Human Rights found Danish closed-shop agreements to be in breach of Article 11 of the European ... European Commission, Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion: Industrial Relations in Europe 2010. ... Europe. *Trade union membership 1993-2003 - European Industrial Relations Observatory report on membership trends in 26 ...
"European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2012.. *^ a b "Den senaste om ... "Emerging forest diseases in south-eastern Baltic Sea region" (PDF). Network of Climate Change Risks on Forests (FoRisk): SNS ... Hymenoscyphus fraxineus is an Ascomycete fungus that causes ash dieback, a chronic fungal disease of ash trees in Europe ... So far the fungus has mainly affected the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and its cultivars, but it is also known to attack ...
"European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. 21: 2047487312471759. doi:10.1177/2047487312471759. ISSN 2047-4873. PMID 23242910.. ... For example, most of the Middle Eastern countries, eating while sitting on the floor is most common, and it is believed to be ... FOOD & EATING IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE - Page 73, Joel T. Rosenthal - 1998 *^ Conscious Eating: Second Edition - Page 9, Gabriel ... This section needs expansion with: Additional information regarding Far East, Europe and America. You can help by adding to it. ...
"Eastern medicine" to suggest that the difference is a cultural difference between the Asiatic east and the European west, ... "Official Journal of the European Union. 2004-04-30.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Sampson, W. (1995). " ... "Eastern medicine" typically refers to the traditional medicines of Asia where conventional bio-medicine penetrated much later. ... There have been significant developments in how CAMs should be assessed prior to re-sale in the United Kingdom and the European ...
Mountain building took place in western North America, Europe, and East Asia. Both continental and marine Miocene deposits are ... "Neogene uplift of central eastern Patagonia: Dynamic response to active spreading ridge subduction?". Tectonics. 28.. ... Approximately 100 species of apes lived during this time, ranging throughout Africa, Asia and Europe and varying widely in size ...
... while the eastern Hawizeh Marshes had dramatically shrunk. The Marsh Arabs, who numbered about half a million in the 1950s, ... Pietro della Valle and in doing so broadcast to the European world, probably for the first time, the word Maedi (or as one ...
... initiated a series of major irrigation projects across the country.[269] In the Eastern Zone, for instance, a huge dam ... Locard, Henri (2005). "State Violence in Democratic Kampuchea (1975-1979) and Retribution (1979-2004)". European Review of ... In August 1953, Sâr and Rath Samoeun travelled to Krabao, the headquarters of the Việt Minh Eastern Zone.[76] Over the ... The failure of Cambodian troops in the Eastern Zone to successfully resist the Vietnamese incursion made Pol Pot suspicious of ...
It can now also be found in the Barents Sea and the European Arctic, where it was intentionally introduced and is now becoming ... A. K. Klitin; S. A. Nizyaev (1999). "The distribution and life strategies of some commercially important Far Eastern lithodid ...
During the nineteenth century, African music and European music sensibilities were blended in original Cuban hybrids. Cuban ... The musical genre known as son probably adopted the clave pattern from rumba when it migrated from eastern Cuba to Havana at ... Guajeos are a seamless blend of European harmonic and African rhythmic structures. Most guajeos have a binary structure that ... theory is that the triple-pulse African bell patterns morphed into duple-pulse forms as a result of the influence of European ...
PREPARE (European Union). *National Public Health Emergency Team (Ireland). *Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention ... Eastern States Multi-state Council. *Midwest Governors Regional Pact. *Western States Pact ...
Now (Old Persian: nava), which means "new" and descends from Proto-Indo-European *néwos, is cognate with English new, German ... While the eastern dialects have preserved the diphthong nau (IPA: [næuˈɾoːz]), the western dialects usually pronounce it with ... "Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.. *^ Mkrtchyan, Gayane (22 March 2011). "Nowruz in Armenia: Many Iranians again prefer Yerevan ... It is also taken place by Iranian communities in several regions in Europe and the Americas, including Los Angeles, Toronto, ...
For the language spoken in Galicia (Eastern Europe), see Rusyn language.. Galician. ... Galician (/ɡəˈlɪʃən/,[5] /-ˈlɪsiən/[6]; galego [ɡaˈleɣʊ]) is an Indo-European language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch. It ... Minahan, James (2000). One Europe, many nations: a historical dictionary of European national groups. Westport, Conn.: ... Eastern Galician: Asturian area (Eonavian), Ancares area, Zamora area and Central-Eastern area. ...
Indo-European *Indo-Iranian *Indo-Aryan *Magadhi Prakrit *Eastern Zone (Magadhan) *Bengali-Assamese *Bengali ... In the dialects prevalent in much of eastern and south-eastern Bangladesh (Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka and Sylhet Divisions of ... Western alveolo-palatal affricates চ [tɕɔ], ছ [tɕʰɔ], জ [dʑɔ] correspond to eastern চ [tsɔ], ছ [tsʰɔ~sɔ], জ [dzɔ~zɔ]. The ... Along with other Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, Bengali evolved circa 1000-1200 AD from Sanskrit and Magadhi Prakrit.[24] The ...
... in a United Front similar to the popular fronts of former Communist-era Eastern European countries such as the National Front ... which were previously colonies of European powers, operate under a different political system to the rest of China. Currently, ...
From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic: A Linguistic History of English, 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199284139 ... but are found almost exclusively in eastern Scandinavia; however, there is a Coill Tomair recorded near Dublin, an oak forest ... Anthropomorphic wooden cult figurines of Central and Northern Europe, wooden cult images created by the Germanic peoples ... Ethnolinguistic group of Northern European origin primarily identified as speakers of Germanic languages ...
Indo-European * Germanic*West Germanic*High German*Standard German, High German, Standard High German ...
The uvular trill [ʀ] is used in certain dialects (especially those associated with European capitals) of French, German, Dutch ... Uvular consonants are however found in many African and Middle-Eastern languages, most notably Arabic, and in Native American ... Two uvular R phonemes are found in various languages in north-western Europe including French, some Occitan dialects, a ...
Toads in Europe. Berber toad · Fire-bellied toad · European Fire-bellied Toad · Yellow-bellied toad · Common Toad · European ... California newt · Coastal Range newt · Eastern newt · Black-spotted newt · Striped newt · Red-bellied Newt · Rough-skinned newt ... Frogs in Europe. Albanian water frog · European tree frog · Agile frog · Edible frog · Greek frog · Marsh frog · Common frog · ... Newts in Europe. Alpine Newt · Bosca's Newt · Italian Crested Newt · Palmate Newt · Carpathian Newt · Smooth Newt · Palmate ...
The first known European sighting of the Lautoka area took place on 7 May 1789. Captain William Bligh spotted and roughly ...
1977). Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa, the Birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 1: Ostrich ... Also in the east, it ranges to south-eastern and south-western Australia[49] and New Zealand[50] in the Southern hemisphere.[22 ... Jiguet, Frédéric; Audevard, Aurélien (21 March 2017). Birds of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East: A Photographic Guide ... Official Journal of the European Union. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017.. ...
Atlantic Europe. Maghreb. Mediterranean Europe. Central Europe 10,000 years. Flandrian interglacial. Flandriense. Mellahiense. ... Descended from Homo Sapiens, the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c. 200,000 BP, left Africa ... By c. 45,000 BP, humans lived at 61°N latitude in Europe.[8] By c. 30,000 BP, Japan was reached, and by c. 27,000 BP humans ... Around 500,000 BP a group of early humans, frequently called Homo heidelbergensis, came to Europe from Africa and eventually ...
In the Eastern religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Shintoism it is used as a map representing deities, or specially in ... Not only did Southeast Asian polities not conform to Chinese and European views of a territorially defined state with fixed ... One of several parallels between Eastern and Mesoamerican cultures, the Mayan civilization tended to present calendars in a ... One of the most intense archaeological discoveries in recent years that could redefine the history of eastern thought and ...
Pan-European University. EMUNI University. University of A Coruña. University of Almeria. University of the Basque Country. ... Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies. Notable academics and faculty[edit]. *. ...
David M. Crowe; John Kolsti; Ian Hancock (2016). The Gypsies of Eastern Europe. Routledge. p. 16. ISBN 1315490242. .. ... Piotr Eberhardt; Jan Owsinski (2003). Ethnic Groups and Population Changes in Twentieth-century Central-Eastern Europe: History ... and south-eastern Europe were transported by Holocaust trains to camps with newly-built gassing facilities. Raul Hilberg wrote ... "NGC Europe Limited.. *^ Longerich (2010), pp. 198, 238, 347. See also Lawrence Bush (28 June 2010). "June 29: The Slonim ...
European Journal of Wildlife Research. 57 (5): 997-1006. doi:10.1007/s10344-011-0567-1. ISSN 1439-0574.. ... Oestrid fly larvae of sheep, goats, springbok and black wildebeest in the Eastern Cape Province". Onderstepoort Journal of ... European Journal of Wildlife Research. 53 (2): 90-99. doi:10.1007/s10344-006-0070-2.. ... Before the arrival of Europeans in the area, wildebeest roamed widely, probably in relation to the arrival of the rains and the ...
Similar anti-Soviet Eastern European resistance groups fought against Soviet and communist rule in Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, ...
Eastern[2]. զարդ. [z̪ɑɾt̪ʰ] (help·info). 'decoration'. ... Coastal Northern European. [example needed]. Merges with non- ... Inland Northern European. [example needed]. Apical. Contrasts with non-retracted /z/. See Portuguese phonology ... Kozintseva, Natalia (1995), Modern Eastern Armenian, Lincom Europa, ISBN 978-3895860355. *. Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian ( ... Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 25 (2): 90-94, doi: ...
Eastern Europe East-Central Europe Central Europe Central and Eastern Europe Northern Europe Southeast Europe Western Europe ... Interview with historian Larry Wolff on "Inventing Eastern Europe" Eastern Europe Economic Data Emerging Europe - A new ... Eastern Europe is the region of the European continent between Western Europe and Asia. There is no consistent definition of ... Eastern Orthodox concept in Europe. Armour points out that Cyrillic-alphabet use is not a strict determinant for Eastern Europe ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eastern Europe.. *Eastern Europe - geographic, environmental, cultural, political, and ... Pages in category "Eastern Europe". The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Eastern_Europe&oldid=587805427" ... List of Intangible Cultural Heritage elements in Eastern Europe. *List of World Heritage Sites in Eastern Europe ...
... Letters to the Editor: the inbox. Mar 26th 2007. by The Economist , WASHINGTON ... If current experience in Hungary is anything to go by the church in Eastern Europe has anything but waning involvement in ...
"European Kingdoms - Eastern Europe - Galicia". The History Files. Kessler Associates. Retrieved 13 December 2014. Zakharii, ... non-Eastern Europe. [...] Otto von Habsburg [...] expressed clearly that all of Ukraine belongs to Central Europe, which is ... Ethnic groups and population changes in twentieth-century Central-Eastern Europe: history, data, analysis. M.E. Sharpe, 2003. ... Paul Robert Magocsi (2002). "Jews and Armenians in Central Europe, ca. 1900". Historical Atlas of Central Europe. University of ...
Eastern Europe *A socio-politic geographical area of eastern Europe usually including the European countries to the east of ... A Concise Historical Atlas of Eastern Europe, map 3 The Slavic peoples ancestors entered Eastern Europe between the 5th and ... The boundaries of Eastern Europe are not always clearly defined. "Overlapping" occurs in such cases as those of the Czech ... Similarly, most mainstream definitions of Eastern Europe include the former communist nations of the Caucasus, although there ...
Thank you for your interest in applying for the Eastern Europe 2019 team! This summer, were sending teams to Albania, Hungary ...
The post-Soviet transition for democracy has been successful in some Eastern European States, bu... ... Eastern Europe is the eastern half of the European continent which had been aligned with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. ... Eastern Europe. Eastern Europe is the eastern half of the European continent which had been aligned with the Soviet Union ... What are the names of the Western European countries that shared a border with countries in eastern Europe. ?. Asked by Wiki ...
Eastern Europe. Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, ...
... a sleeping bag to a refugee so that they can keep out the cold after they have arrived at reception facilities in Europe ... to provide a heat blower to circulate warmth keeping hundreds of refugees warm in reception centers during winter in Europe ...
New Eastern Europe is a nonprofit bimonthly news magazine dedicated to Central and Eastern European affairs. Our editorial team ... New Eastern Europe is a nonprofit bimonthly news magazine dedicated to Central and Eastern European affairs. Our editorial team ... New Eastern Europe is a nonprofit bimonthly news magazine dedicated to Central and Eastern European affairs. Our editorial team ... the European Solidarity Center and the Jan Nowak-Jezioranski College of Eastern Europe. ...
... coalfield coke Comecon communist complex Czecho Czechoslovakia Danube demand domestic East European countries Eastern Europe ... Europe.html?id=-nvsAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareEastern Europe. ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Eastern_Europe.html?id=-nvsAAAAMAAJ ... Europe, Eastern. Europe, Eastern Economic conditions. Europe, Eastern Industries. Industries. Export Citation. BiBTeX EndNote ...
Croatia currency Czech Republic decree EASTERN EUROPE REPORTER EBRD economic enterprises Estonia Eurobond European European ... Europe_Reporter.html?id=Rq8SAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareBNAs Eastern Europe Reporter. ... BNAs Eastern Europe Reporter, Volume 7. Contributors. Bureau of National Affairs (Arlington, Va.), Bureau of National Affairs ... agency agreement agricultural amendments announced approved April Article BEER Belarus BNA International BNAs Eastern Europe ...
It cannot be classified as eastern European, because it is very far from the eastern border of Europe.--Martina Moreau (talk) ... it is too far from the eastern border of Europe to be named "eastern European". We cannot move Galicia, as we suggest, to the ... Central Europe is a vaguely defined region, and for the majority of our readers Lviv and its hinterland is Eastern Europe. I ... Eastern Europe is a term which raises even more controversies: geographically (the midpoint of Europe is in Lithuania/Belarus ...
For Central and Eastern Europe the report states that the rebound of economic growth does not lead to major employment increase ... What does the new ILO WORLD EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL OUTLOOK - Trends 2018 report say about Central and Eastern Europe? 05 ... This issue reports on ILO programme developments and new projects in the Central and Eastern European region, and features ... This issue reports on ILO programme developments and new projects in the Central and Eastern European region, and features ...
More Flights to Eastern Europe. Even if you are not planning a trip to Eastern Europe, Lufthansa flies to a variety of other ... Book your flight to Eastern Europe with Lufthansa. Whether relaxing holiday, city break or short trip, business or pleasure: ... Discover the beauty of Europes rich cultural heritage with our flights to Europe especially flights to Italy are widely ... Book your flight to Eastern Europe cheap with Lufthansa and fly directly or via our Frankfurt and Munich hubs, or with one of ...
This issue reports on ILO response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Central and Eastern European region. It introduces programme ... This issue reports on ILO response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Central and Eastern European region. It introduces programme ... training manuals relevant to the world of work in Central and Eastern Europe. Some of these can be downloaded directly. Others ... Europe (107) Ukraine (101) Moldova, Republic of (83) Serbia (58) Republic of North Macedonia (57) Albania (49) Bosnia and ...
U.S. to beef up military presence in Eastern Europe WASHINGTON - U.S. officials say the Pentagon will be deploying an armored ... American troops in several Eastern European and Baltic countries in an effort to prevent possible Russian aggression in Europe ... Report: U.S. prepared to store heavy weapons in East Europe The Pentagon is preparing to store battle tanks, infantry fighting ... brigade combat team to Eastern Europe next February as part of the ongoing effort to reassure allies worried about threats from ...
This web edition of the Ethnologue may be cited as: Eberhard, David M., Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2020. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Twenty-third edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com.. ...
As Eastern Europe struggles toward democracy, it must also grapple with a ravaged environment. Corrosive soot has fouled water ... Eastern Europe: The Polluted Lands. By Antonin Kratochvil and Marlise Simons Published: April 29, 1990. ... As Eastern Europe struggles toward democracy, it must also grapple with a ravaged environment. Corrosive soot has fouled water ... Cover photo: Eastern Europe polluted lands; Photos: In the Erz Mountains at the border of Czechoslovakia and East Germany, ...
Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ... Nature conservation systems of South-Eastern Europe 28.11.2018 IUCN has released today at the CBD COP14 in Sharm El Sheikh the ... The new issue is here! Read about the work of IUCNs Members, Commissions and Regional Office in Eastern Europe and Central ... Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ...
Eastern European funds, investors and entrepreneurs seem to be trying to squeeze as many stories as possible into 2014 - or at ... All the tech news you shouldnt miss from November in Eastern Europe. by Andrii Degeler - in Insider ... A fighting Poland: The birth and growth of Eastern Europes hottest game industry ... Rallycross is going electric in 2021 with a chaotic new race series across Europe * Matthew Beedham ...
... * 1. getlokal app goes global Mihai Dragomirescu [email protected] @webmyc ...
... region in eastern Europe that passed successively, from the 15th to 20th century, to Moldavia, the Ottoman Empire, Russia, ... Bessarabia, Russian Bessarabiya, Romanian Basarabia, Turkish Besarabya, region in eastern Europe that passed successively, from ... member of the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe, residing chiefly in eastern and southeastern ... Slavic languages belong to the Indo-European family. Customarily, Slavs are subdivided into East Slavs (chiefly Russians, ...
Discover the best attractions in Eastern Europe including Cathedral of St Domnius, St Sophias Cathedral, Solovetsky ... Eastern Europe. Top. Attractions. Hotels. Activities. Restaurants. Tours. Entertainment. Nightlife. Shopping. Eastern Europe ... This is Moscows premier foreign-art museum, split over three branches and showing off a broad selection of European works, ...
FEEFHS Eastern European Research Workshop Workshop features courses on countries and areas of interest relating to Eastern ... Explains the geographic divide between taste preferences in gefilte fish in Eastern Europe as well as other clues to Jewish ... Methodical introduction and examples for genealogical resarch in Central European villages without parish registers. ... European genealogical research. Consultations and research in the nearby Family History Library, special events. ...
Discussion of family genealogy of Armenians who escaped the genocide in Eastern Turkey. Pointers and tips on researching ...
Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ... Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ... Annual report 2016 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ... Annual report 2015 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ...
"Eastern Europe in Transition," Development and Comp Systems 0509027, University Library of Munich, Germany. ...
... used Europe Eastern books online including bestsellers & rare titles at the best prices. Shop Europe Eastern books at Alibris. ... Book subjects like Europe Eastern. *History , Europe , Eastern. *Travel , Europe , Eastern. *History , Military , World War II ...
A 15-year-old boy in Eastern Europe is twice as likely to die before reaching 60 than his counterpart in the West. The ... men in middle age in Eastern Europe.. In this region an estimated 55 to 70 per cent of men and 30 to 35 per cent. of women ... Eastern Europe has some of the fastest growing rates of tobacco-related. illnesses. Every year around half a million people die ... A 15-year-old boy in Eastern Europe is twice as likely. to die before reaching 60 than his counterpart in the West. The ...
  • What does the new ILO WORLD EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL OUTLOOK - Trends 2018 report say about Central and Eastern Europe? (ilo.org)
  • Meanwhile, products and services from Germany, the U.K., France, Italy, and the Netherlands made up 78 percent of the EU exports to China in 2018, according to the Central European Institute of Asian Studies, an independent think tank. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Eastern Europe and Central Asia generally lag behind their central and western European counterparts on each step in the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals, Pharris reported here at HIV Drug Therapy 2018. (medscape.com)
  • Cite this: HIV Rates Still Rising in Eastern Europe and Central Asia - Medscape - Oct 29, 2018. (medscape.com)
  • Advanced Europe continues to absorb most of emerging Europe's exports, while the role of emerging Europe as a market for advanced Europe will expand. (imf.org)
  • A common allegation from pundits is that Beijing is trying to divide and conquer Europe, as evidenced by its deal-making with Europe's poorer countries. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Millions of euros in public money are being invested in large infrastructure projects in the EU's eastern neighbours in total disregard for Europe's climate goals, and local communities, writes Manana Kochladze. (euractiv.com)
  • President Trump should follow Eastern Europe's model. (amren.com)
  • Even better, much of Eastern Europe's natural beauty, which lends itself to hiking in summer and skiing in winter, is still unspoilt?a breath of fresh air after the overdevelopment of many Western resorts. (countrylife.co.uk)
  • If you are interested in developing business in this key market, don't miss the opportunity to brand yourself in front of those who will be shaping Central and Eastern Europe's military helicopter capability. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • With a long and complex history spanning thousands of years, most recently manifesting in its unification under Soviet control in the 20th century, Europe's eastern half provides a truly fascinating environment for high school students to explore and learn about. (goabroad.com)
  • Western Europe according to this point of view is formed by countries with dominant Roman Catholic and Protestant churches (including Central European countries such as Croatia, Slovenia, Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, a less common definition of the region excludes the Czech Republic , Hungary , Poland , Slovakia , the Baltic states and some parts of the Balkans - placing them in Central Europe instead. (wiktionary.org)
  • Its system of constitutional checks and balance is stronger than those in Poland and Hungary, and Babiš is a pragmatist who does not want to create a deep divide between the Czech Republic and the rest of the European Union. (jhu.edu)
  • Since Slim entered Europe in 2012, he has been linked to other possible telecoms investments in countries including Poland, Serbia, Turkey and Hungary. (reuters.com)
  • Central and Eastern Europe is not used to think of itself as belonging to 'the developed part of the world',' says Justyna Szambelan, coordinator of the Coalition for Fair Trade in Poland. (globalissues.org)
  • A third of the products they sell come from the Italian organisation Commercio Alternativo, with the rest being imported from various Western European fair trade companies, just like in Poland. (globalissues.org)
  • A grassroots protest movement erupted last month in Poland and spread quickly across the former Eastern Bloc and beyond. (salon.com)
  • There have been street protests across Eastern Europe, attacks on government websites in the Czech Republic and Poland, even a heartfelt apology from a Slovenian ambassador who signed it and then decried her act as "civic carelessness. (salon.com)
  • On the other hand, nations in the Baltic (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) and central European (Poland, Romania) regions are experiencing a rise in disposable income and purchasing power. (euromonitor.com)
  • The Ural Mountains, Ural River, and the Caucasus Mountains are the geographical land border of the eastern edge of Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, most mainstream definitions of Eastern Europe include the former communist nations of the Caucasus , although there are a few sources that list them as transcontinental or Eurasian . (wiktionary.org)
  • For strategic environmental assessment, see the pages dedicated to SEA capacity development in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia and Central Asia) and the Belgrade Initiative on SEA . (unece.org)
  • For capacity building activities on SEA and EIA in the period 2013-2016 in Belarus, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, see also the page dedicated to Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood (EaP GREEN) programme , which includes several capacity building activities on SEA and EIA in Eastern Europe and Caucasus. (unece.org)
  • Covering a large geographic area, it contains literature from and about the countries of Eastern-Central and South-Eastern Europe, the Baltic countries, Finland, the eastern part of Eastern Europe overlapping with Asia, the Caucasus and the Central Asian CIS states. (bsb-muenchen.de)
  • The Eastern Partnership initiative is meant to bring the EU and countries of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus closer together, but it increasingly appears that citizens and the environment come second. (euractiv.com)
  • Thank you for your interest in applying for the Eastern Europe 2019 team! (google.com)
  • In 2017, 71 percent of Chinese investment in Europe went to the United Kingdom, France, and Germany alone, although that number dropped to 34 percent in 2019. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Others worry about angering the managers of their old state farms -- managers who still have strong influences in rural economies across Eastern Europe and the former Soviet republics. (rferl.org)
  • THE TRANSFORMATION of the Eastern European economies into market economies requires comprehensive action on three fronts: macroeconomic stabilization, liberalization of economic activity, and privatization of state-owned enterprises. (brookings.edu)
  • It provides information about recent cases and developments in the participating economies in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. (oecd.org)
  • Skin care sales in Eastern Europe have shown unspectacular results as weak economies in the region's largest countries have hindered sales. (euromonitor.com)
  • In 2016, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reported that there were 103,438 new HIV diagnoses in Russia, accounting for the vast majority of the 160,453 diagnoses across the region. (medscape.com)
  • In Western Europe, 6.2 of every 100,000 people were diagnosed with HIV in 2016. (medscape.com)
  • Defence Logistics Eastern Europe 2016 will be held in Prague from the 7th-8th March and aims to bring together members of logistics commands from across the region to discuss the challenges of modernising their logistics forces through training, international cooperation and procurement. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • Eastern European markets recorded growth in retail tissue volume and value sales in 2016, with volume growth slightly exceeding value growth at the regional level. (euromonitor.com)
  • Toilet paper accounted for 65% of value sales and 78% of volume sales in overall retail tissue in Eastern Europe in 2016. (euromonitor.com)
  • The post-Soviet transition for democracy has been successful in some Eastern European States, but more difficult in those closer to Russia. (answers.com)
  • WASHINGTON - U.S. officials say the Pentagon will be deploying an armored brigade combat team to Eastern Europe next February as part of the ongoing effort to reassure allies worried about threats from an increasingly aggressive Russia. (pbs.org)
  • Merkel and Hollande underlined that there can only be a ballot in line with Ukrainian law," he said, adding that the vote would violate an agreement endorsed by Russia and further complicate efforts to end the crisis in eastern Ukraine. (reuters.com)
  • Over 3,700 people have been killed in fighting in eastern Ukraine, where pro-Moscow rebels seek union with Russia. (reuters.com)
  • A 12-point protocol, issued after talks in early September in the Belarussian capital of Minsk involving Russia, Ukraine, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and separatist leaders, foresees the holding of "early local elections" in the east in accordance with Ukrainian legislation. (reuters.com)
  • GLASGOW - A year after public health officials sounded the alarm about rising rates of HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia - which includes the Baltic states, Belarus, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Tajikistan, and Ukraine - the number of new HIV diagnoses in the region is not letting up. (medscape.com)
  • Political patterns in Spain, the smaller nations of southeastern Europe, and, above all, Russia followed a rather different rhythm. (britannica.com)
  • U.S. President Barack Obama said earlier this month that NATO needed to boost its presence in eastern European partner states that feel vulnerable to Russia. (reuters.com)
  • Retail tissue in eastern states such as Russia is defined by a trend towards lower-priced items, as these markets continue to face economic uncertainty. (euromonitor.com)
  • Eastern Europe, including Russia, has a distinct feel from the rest of the continent. (goabroad.com)
  • Russia spans across most of Asia, but its two most popular cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, are both very close to one another in Eastern Europe. (goabroad.com)
  • While not as large and powerful as Russia, the countries of Eastern Europe have been similarly formed by deeply rooted cultural ties and tensions, and each is unique in this way. (goabroad.com)
  • There are many different types of high school programs available in Eastern Europe and Russia, although they tend to fall into two major categories. (goabroad.com)
  • The project includes a variety of studies on mortality and health in Russia and Eastern Europe. (mpg.de)
  • While China struggles elsewhere to polish its image tarnished by its initial handling of the coronavirus outbreak, Beijing has no problem maintaining its hard-won influence in Eastern Europe, where it battles for clout with the EU as well as with Russia in countries like Serbia. (inquirer.net)
  • A similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastern Europe is the eastern half of the European continent which had been aligned with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. (answers.com)
  • The mission of New Eastern Europe is to shape the debate, enhance understanding, and further the dialogue surrounding issues facing the states that were once a part of the Soviet Union or under its influence. (idealist.org)
  • Two decades have passed since the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) like countries in the former Soviet Union went through immense political and socioeconomic restructuring that began around 1990 with the collapse of communism. (hindawi.com)
  • The countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) have gone through immense political and socioeconomic restructuring after the collapse of communism around 1990. (hindawi.com)
  • Austria keenly backs the EU 's demands that Hungary should impose visas on its visitors from Romania as a sign of its determination to police what will eventually be the EU 's south-eastern border. (economist.com)
  • Construction is booming within the new member states of the European Union with Romania seeing a remarkable 31% increase in construction over the last year. (courthousenews.com)
  • Hungarian fair trade promoters are also working on networking with groups all over the region, and connections have been established with activist groups in Eastern Europe, from countries such as Romania and Bulgaria, where the fair trade movement is in its inception. (globalissues.org)
  • Due to this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are often associated with Eastern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • A socio-politic geographical area of eastern Europe usually including the European countries to the east of Germany , Austria and Italy , and to the west of the Urals . (wiktionary.org)
  • Workshop features courses on countries and areas of interest relating to Eastern European genealogical research. (cyndislist.com)
  • The populations of Central and Eastern European (CESEE) countries-with the exception of Turkey-are expected to decrease significantly over the next 30 years, driven by low or negative net birth rates and outward migration. (imf.org)
  • On Friday (November 24), when ministers and heads of state from the EU and the six participating countries will convene in Brussels for the fifth Eastern Partnership summit , they will be praising the cooperation and raising a toast for 'shared values. (euractiv.com)
  • EU financial support can play a positive role in development in the six Eastern Partnership countries, but the EU must also ensure that this money serves the public good and not the narrow interests of the few. (euractiv.com)
  • The Eastern Partnership might be intended to strengthen collaboration and integration of eastern European countries and the EU, but it is not a stand alone process. (euractiv.com)
  • A certain amount of curiosity is natural: ravaged by the great wars of the past century, then hidden behind the thick iron curtain of communism, these relatively new countries are only now coming into their own, as many of them take their first steps into the expanded European Union. (countrylife.co.uk)
  • Mr. Milanovic says these countries are physically and culturally closer to Western Europe and were able to recover much more quickly from initial decline: 'Because the structure of their system was much closer to Western Europe. (voanews.com)
  • Prominent Eastern European MEPs feel their countries are under-represented on European Parliament committee executives, EURACTIV has learned. (euractiv.com)
  • Many people in these countries have had renewed hopes for improved living conditions and great expectations for a free and prosperous future comparable to those enjoyed by many in Western and Northern Europe for many years. (hindawi.com)
  • It is understood that the transition from communism to democratic capitalism has provided natural experiments that allow one to examine the evolution of socioeconomic wellbeing of people in the CEE countries as they restructure their socioeconomic and political institutions away from those of the past to those modeled after Western European institutions. (hindawi.com)
  • In spite of improvements in health in these transitional countries, their health attainments fall significantly short of those in the Western and Northern Europe. (hindawi.com)
  • Eastern European countries, even those now in the European Union, are still much poorer than the West, and among critics are people who fear losing access to free - sometimes illegal - entertainment. (salon.com)
  • There is therefore a need for a high level meeting that brings together senior military leadership, project decision makers and technical experts alongside the helicopter manufacturers and cutting edge industry solution providers to collaborate on future endeavors that will enhance the security and stability of Eastern Europe and its neighbouring countries. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • The retail tissue market in Eastern Europe has been hindered by the economic downturn of many countries, as some have been slow to recover. (euromonitor.com)
  • The share of private label in Eastern European markets has risen, as consumers in economically vulnerable countries increasingly look for value products. (euromonitor.com)
  • There is not an agreed upon definition as to the precise boundaries of Eastern Europe, but most commonly it is considered to include those countries east of Germany which were former members of the Soviet bloc. (goabroad.com)
  • Central European countries such as Austria, Hungary, and the Czech Republic are also often considered to be a part of Eastern Europe. (goabroad.com)
  • These are designed to give high school students the opportunity to move around and experience a taste of many different countries and cultures within Eastern Europe. (goabroad.com)
  • If the country (or countries) you are travelling to are part of the European Union, then this simplifies the process. (goabroad.com)
  • 2017;14:e1002462 ), syringe-access programs don't exist and medication-assisted treatment is available to less than 5% of people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. (medscape.com)
  • Level of compliance with international standards on cybercrime, money laundering and the search, seizure and confiscation of proceeds from crime (Council of Europe Conventions ETS 185 and 198). (coe.int)
  • Another definition was used during the 40 years of Cold War between 1947 and 1989, and was more or less synonymous with the terms Eastern Bloc and Warsaw Pact. (wikipedia.org)
  • Austria's trade with Eastern Europe has more than doubled since 1989, adding perhaps a cumulative 2.5% to GDP since then, according to WIFO , a Viennese think-tank. (economist.com)
  • To understand the origins of today's central and eastern European illiberal revolution, we should look neither to ideology nor to economics, but instead to the pent-up animosity engendered by the centrality of mimesis in the reform processes launched in the East after 1989. (eurozine.com)
  • Another definition was created during the Cold War and used more or less synonymously with the term Eastern Bloc. (wikipedia.org)
  • For Communist East Europe, see Eastern Bloc . (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastern Europe is the region of the European continent between Western Europe and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe with the main characteristics consisting of Slavic, Greek, Byzantine, Eastern Orthodox, and some Ottoman cultural influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yiddish: גאַליציע‎ Galitsiye) was a historical and geographic region at the crossroad of Central and Eastern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central Europe is a vaguely defined region, and for the majority of our readers Lviv and its hinterland is Eastern Europe . (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike central European Galicia, which is rather a historical region, Galicia in Spain is very much alive, even being a part of Spain. (wikipedia.org)
  • All languages on Wikipedia signing Galicia to a region, name it central European. (wikipedia.org)
  • The region is geographically located in central Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • This issue reports on ILO programme developments and new projects in the Central and Eastern European region, and features interviews with ILO partners. (ilo.org)
  • This issue reports on ILO response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Central and Eastern European region. (ilo.org)
  • The May 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Europe anticipates that recovery in the region will solidify, with recoveries in advanced and emerging Europe likely to be mutually reinforcing. (imf.org)
  • In this FREE e-book, you will find inspiring stories from our valued customers in Middle East, Eastern Europe and Turkey region about their analytical journeys and how SAS has been helping them to make the best decisions possible and unearth opportunities that they would otherwise miss. (sas.com)
  • Local Innovations for Growth in Central and Eastern Europe is essential reading for policy-makers, academics and practitioners both within the region, and elsewhere. (oecd.org)
  • The region is "in bed" with Beijing, happily taking its investments and loans, A. Wess Mitchell- a former U.S. assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs - opined last month. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • In truth, Central and Eastern Europe is far less economically dependent on China than perhaps any other region in the world-and especially compared to the rest of the European Union. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Rather than being a "gateway" for Chinese investment into Europe, as Czech President Milos Zeman boasted of his country, Beijing more often bypassed the region altogether-taking its investments straight into wealthier Western Europe. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • But that year, only 3 percent of Chinese investment in Europe went to Eastern Europe, the think tank found, despite the region accounting for about a tenth of the EU's GDP. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • But Pharris laid out ways that each region of Europe could improve. (medscape.com)
  • The advent of the European Union has decreased the diversification benefits available from country based equity market indices in the region. (repec.org)
  • The SMi Group, in partnership with the Defence and Security Industry Association of the Czech Republic (DSIA), bring you Helicopter Technology Eastern Europe 2015, a must attend meeting for all those focused on military rotary technology advancement the region. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • In line with the First Action Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy for the WHO European Region, 2000-2005, endorsed by the Regional Committee for Europe in 2000, Member States are encouraged to develop sound and sustainable food and nutrition policies. (who.int)
  • For years, the Communist regimes of Eastern Europe denied that the coal was a health hazard. (nytimes.com)
  • Yet with the end of Communist rule in much of Eastern Europe, the enormity of this environmental disaster has finally been recognized. (nytimes.com)
  • In 2012, China and post-communist governments of Central and Eastern Europe began holding annual summits. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • BERLIN (Reuters) - German Chancellor Angela Merkel told Russian President Vladimir Putin on the phone that Sunday's planned elections in eastern Ukraine were illegitimate and would not be recognized by European leaders, a Berlin government spokesman said on Friday. (reuters.com)
  • Election information sheets are pictured on display during preparations for the upcoming election, with portraits of Alexander Zakharchenko, separatist leader of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, seen on leaflets, at a polling station in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, October 31, 2014. (reuters.com)
  • The US and Europe are celebrating the victory of pro-European parties in Ukraine's presidential election, saying it's clear sign that Ukraine wants to modernize and move away from Moscow. (pri.org)
  • NATO is expanding its air patrolling mission to reassure eastern members of the alliance following events in Ukraine. (reuters.com)
  • Economically, as environmentally, Eastern Europe is a wasteland. (csmonitor.com)
  • The Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given the importance of the pagan heritage (not to mention the circulation of motifs, sociocultural exchanges, and so on), it is not surprising that a rather large body of magical practices is shared by the majority of the traditional societies of southeastern Europe. (encyclopedia.com)
  • China for years has been increasing its political and economic influence in southeastern Europe through its Belt and Road global investment projects. (inquirer.net)
  • Discussion of family genealogy of Armenians who escaped the genocide in Eastern Turkey. (cyndislist.com)
  • SAS has been helping corporations in the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Turkey across different industries by delivering proven analytics solutions that drive innovation and improve performance. (sas.com)
  • Both Serbia and Hungary have been important gateways to Europe for China through its infrastructure and investment projects. (inquirer.net)
  • In the west, however, the historical and cultural boundaries of "Eastern Europe" are subject to some overlap and, most importantly, have undergone historical fluctuations, which makes a precise definition of the western geographic boundaries of Eastern Europe and the geographical midpoint of Europe somewhat difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • They despise it for the cosy relations it had with East European dictators during the cold war and deride its heavily regulated economy and its system of Proporz , whereby its two main parties share the spoils of patronage, from ambassadors to secretaries. (economist.com)
  • These months, we are working on the initiation of a new platform for meeting and cooperation of fair trade organisations from central, eastern and southern Europe,' Tomas Bily told IPS. (globalissues.org)
  • The working name of this future cooperation is CEEFTA, the Central and Eastern European Fair Trade Organisation. (globalissues.org)
  • The launch is still to come, but many organisations from Europe have expressed an interest in this cooperation. (globalissues.org)
  • iPROCEEDS - Cooperation on Cybercrime under the Instrument of Pre-accession (IPA) - is a Joint project of the European Union (IPA II Multi-country action programme 2014) and the Council of Europe. (coe.int)
  • The Slavic peoples' ancestors entered Eastern Europe between the 5th and 7th centuries from their original common homeland. (wiktionary.org)
  • Explains the geographic divide between taste preferences in gefilte fish in Eastern Europe as well as other clues to Jewish geographic origins including prayer books, head coverings, and tombstone shapes. (cyndislist.com)
  • Participating in an Eastern Europe Studies Centre (RESC) discussion, Gitanas Nausėda once more stated his programme guidelines and stressed that we must. (delfi.lt)
  • The project is a joint collaboration between the City of Gdansk , the European Solidarity Center and the Jan Nowak-Jezioranski College of Eastern Europe . (idealist.org)
  • The participants Helicopter Technology Eastern Europe 2015 will be the most senior decision makers responsible for modernising and procuring new military helicopters, as well as some the of regions most experienced operators of rotary craft, all meeting to demonstrate their intentions for advancing capability and laying down foundations of future collaboration and standardisation between nations. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • April 30, 1994 Dear subscribers, European Community allocated funds for international scientific collaboration of European scientists (program called COPERNICUS). (bio.net)
  • While the eastern geographical boundaries of Europe are well defined, the boundary between Eastern and Western Europe is not geographical but historical, religious and cultural and is harder to designate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The boundaries of Eastern Europe are not always clearly defined. (wiktionary.org)
  • 1991-10-25T20:32:49-04:00 https://images.c-span.org/Files/d82/19911025203925002_hd.jpg The Association for Public Policy Analysis, affiliated with Duke University, sponsored a forum on developing parliamentary institutions in Eastern Europe as part of its meeting in Washington, DC. (c-span.org)
  • Chairperson of the Biological Session at the II European Congress of Gerontology (Madrid, 1991). (bio.net)
  • Grant Award with invitation to European Population Conference (Paris, October 1991). (bio.net)
  • Western Europe, threatened by the toxic brew and dust flowing and blowing to its own doorstep, is offering aid. (nytimes.com)
  • For so long isolated from the historical and sociological upheavals that affected western Europe, the peoples of eastern Europe still hold to a different worldview and use different means to account for the human condition. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In this turmoil, a wave - a tidal wave - of migrants has been moving out: to Israel, to Germany, Austria, Western Europe, and beyond. (csmonitor.com)
  • Thousands of young and educated citizens are leaving for Western Europe. (amren.com)
  • By May 1940 Hitler's forces had conquered Western Europe, apart from Britain. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Eastern European Nations are seeking to build up and modernise their military forces in light of several security threats far and near to their borders as well as the demands put on them by NATO membership. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • As nations in Central and Eastern Europe continue to upgrade their defence equipment, the military helicopter has become a focus of many air forces wishing to ensure they have a strong rotary fleet capable of multifunctional operations. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • W]e are speaking about an exchange of populations, to replace the population of Europeans with others. (amren.com)
  • This division dominated Europe for centuries, in opposition to the rather short-lived Cold War division of 4 decades. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the economic and financial crisis, many have argued that the reforms in Eastern and Central Europe during the past two decades went too far. (wsj.com)
  • Nearly two decades after the fall of the Berlin wall, it is time to evaluate progress made and identify what needs to be done to speed up the drive towards prosperity in Central and Eastern Europe. (oecd.org)
  • It is not entirely mysterious, therefore, why the 'imitation of the West' voluntarily chosen by eastern Europeans three decades ago eventually resulted in a political backlash. (eurozine.com)
  • Eastern Europe in Transition ," Development and Comp Systems 0509027, University Library of Munich, Germany. (repec.org)
  • The East-West Schism (which began in the 11th century and lasts into the present) divided Christianity in Europe (and consequently the world) into Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Expansion of Christianity Religious division in 1054 Since the Great Schism of 1054, Europe has been divided between Roman Catholic and Protestant churches in the West, and the Eastern Orthodox Christian (many times incorrectly labelled "Greek Orthodox") churches in the east. (wikipedia.org)
  • AS DETAILED negotiations about expanding the European Union get going, which western country could be better placed to hold the EU presidency than Austria? (economist.com)
  • In Central and Eastern Europe, the current cycle of DWCPs is the fourth or fifth set of programmes to take the ILO Decent Work Agenda forward at the country level. (ilo.org)
  • Have you visited this Eastern European country? (huffingtonpost.com)
  • At the country market index level all three Eastern European markets show a considerable increase in correlations in 2006. (repec.org)
  • Notwithstanding the fact that an Eastern European will for the first time be parliament president ( EURACTIV 14/07/09 ), just one committee will be chaired by a 'new' country MEP, the regional development committee under Danuta Hübner. (euractiv.com)
  • But he added: "When you come from a small country for the first time to the European Parliament, where few people know who you are or your qualifications, your chances significantly decrease. (euractiv.com)
  • Likewise Russell Patten, chief executive of Brussels consultancy Grayling, indicated that new-country MEPs still have some distance to travel on the European Parliament learning curve before they attain the status of more established MEPs. (euractiv.com)
  • If you are currently studying an Eastern European language, or want to learn the basics of one, there is no better way to improve than travelling to the country itself! (goabroad.com)
  • When the European Union criticizes the Orbán government for the illiberal character of its reforms, that government is always quick to point out that every controversial legal change, rule, or institution has been faithfully copied from the legal system of one of the EU's member states. (eurozine.com)
  • Dynamic stock market integration driven by the European Monetary Union: An empirical analysis ," Journal of Banking & Finance , Elsevier, vol. 29(10), pages 2475-2502, October. (repec.org)
  • In Hungary, officials have played down assistance from the European Union and praised Beijing's help. (inquirer.net)
  • Several definitions of Eastern Europe exist today but they often lack precision, are too general, or are outdated. (wikipedia.org)
  • New Eastern Europe is a nonprofit bimonthly news magazine dedicated to Central and Eastern European affairs. (idealist.org)
  • While some Central and Eastern European governments have taken pro-Beijing positions, their considerations are far more domestic than international. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The REO also sheds light on the governance issues revealed by the crisis, arguing that better policy frameworks, in particular at the euro area level, promise a stronger Europe. (imf.org)
  • Eastern European funds, investors and entrepreneurs seem to be trying to squeeze as many stories as possible into 2014 - or at least so it seems from reading all the news coming from that side of Europe. (thenextweb.com)
  • BERLIN (Reuters) - Germany is considering offering military support to some eastern European members of the NATO defense alliance in response to Russia's seizure of Crimea, news magazine Der Spiegel reported at the weekend. (reuters.com)
  • In recent years, opprobrium over Beijing's incursions on Central and Eastern Europe has reached a fevered pitch. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The new governments of Eastern Europe have created environmental departments, and they acknowledge that cleaning up will mean closing many outdated plants and tearing down neighborhoods steeped in lead and zinc dust. (nytimes.com)
  • Prague, 25 February 1997 (RFE/RL) -- Failures in Eastern European agricultural reform have resulted from a lack of sector-wide policies needed to foster a competitive free market. (rferl.org)
  • VIENNA/MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexican tycoon Carlos Slim plans to use Telekom Austria ( TELA.VI ) as a base to build up his presence in European telecoms after sealing a deal with the Austrian state to take control of the company. (reuters.com)
  • This area also roughly corresponds to the European regions which have been historically influenced by Orthodox, Byzantine, and Turkish cultures. (goabroad.com)
  • Meanwhile, in the name of energy security and bringing the EU and its neighbours ever closer, the European Commission has been doggedly promoting perhaps the most reckless of projects. (euractiv.com)
  • The charms of Eastern Europe, which once enticed such literary icons as James Joyce and Lord Byron, are exerting a growing pull on the residents of the West of the continent. (countrylife.co.uk)
  • Eastern Europe is generally much cheaper than the western half of the continent, a result of its economic lagging from the Soviet era. (goabroad.com)
  • Homepage of the "Seminar fuer Osteuropaeische Geschichte" (Institute for East European History) of the "Universitaet zu Koeln" (Cologne University) in Germany. (pitt.edu)
  • For Central and Eastern Europe the report states that the rebound of economic growth does not lead to major employment increase. (ilo.org)
  • The OECD's latest report on East European agriculture says farm privatizations should go hand-in-hand with policies that help improve transport, marketing, distribution, foreign trade and market price information. (rferl.org)
  • This report presents a strategic analysis of the disinfectants market in Eastern Europe and a forecast for its development in the medium term. (bharatbook.com)
  • The purpose of the report is to describe the state of the disinfectants market in Eastern Europe, to present actual and retrospective information about the volumes, dynamics, structure and characteristics of production, imports, exports and consumption and to build a forecast for the market in the next five years. (bharatbook.com)
  • This report presents a strategic analysis of the peanut butter market in Eastern Europe and a forecast for its development in the medium term. (bharatbook.com)
  • Your task is to write a report on the Eastern front. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)