The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A family of biting midges, in the order DIPTERA. It includes the genus Culicoides which transmits filarial parasites pathogenic to man and other primates.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.
The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Ethnic group originating in India and entering Europe in the 14th or 15th century.
Encephalitis caused by neurotropic viruses that are transmitted via the bite of TICKS. In Europe, the diseases are caused by ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, TICK-BORNE, which give rise to Russian spring-summer encephalitis, central European encephalitis, louping ill encephalitis, and related disorders. Powassan encephalitis occurs in North America and Russia and is caused by the Powassan virus. ASEPTIC MENINGITIS and rarely encephalitis may complicate COLORADO TICK FEVER which is endemic to mountainous regions of the western United States. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp14-5)
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE containing over 150 viruses, most of which are transmitted by mosquitoes or flies. They are arranged in groups defined by serological criteria, each now named for the original reference species (previously called serogroups). Many species have multiple serotypes or strains.
Common name for an extinct species of the Homo genus. Fossils have been found in Europe and Asia. Genetic evidence suggests that limited interbreeding with modern HUMANS (Homo sapiens) took place.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Avoidable mortality in Europe 1955-1994: a plea for prevention. (1/8791)

OBJECTIVE: To analyse trends of avoidable mortality in Europe, emphasising causes of death amenable to primary prevention through reduction of exposures, secondary prevention through early detection and treatment, and tertiary prevention through improved treatment and medical care. DESIGN: Descriptive study of mortality from avoidable causes for the years 1955 through 1994, for ages 5-64 at time of death. Using the World Health Organisation Mortality Database, five year death rates were standardised to the world population. SETTING: 21 countries of Europe in four regions (northern, central, and southern Europe, Nordic countries). PARTICIPANTS: All causes of deaths for men and women, aged 5-64, at time of death. MAIN RESULTS: Between 1955-59 and 1990-94, the reduction in mortality was somewhat greater for avoidable causes than for all causes: 45.8% v 45.1% (women) and 39.3% v 32.6% among men. Reductions in mortality were greater for causes amenable to improved medical care: 77.9% among women and 76.3% among men. The smallest reduction in mortality was seen in women for causes amenable to secondary prevention (11.0%), and in men for causes amendable to primary prevention including tobacco related conditions (16.6%). From a geographical point of view, there were slight differences in trends between European regions, but overall the patterns were similar. CONCLUSIONS: The greatest reduction of avoidable mortality in Europe from 1955-94 came from causes amenable to improved treatment and medical care for both sexes. Further reductions of avoidable mortality can be achieved through implementation of primary and secondary prevention activities, such as tobacco control, reduction of occupational exposures, and universal access to breast and cervical cancer screening programmes.  (+info)

Cardiovascular disease in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: similar rates but different risk factors in the US compared with Europe. (2/8791)

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has been linked to renal disease. However, little is known concerning international variation in the correlations with hyperglycaemia and standard CVD risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparison was made of prevalence rates and risk factor associations in two large studies of IDDM subjects: the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study (EDC) and the EURODIAB IDDM Complications Study from 31 centres in Europe. Subgroups of each were chosen to be comparable by age and duration of diabetes. The EDC population comprises 286 men (mean duration 20.1 years) and 281 women (mean duration 19.9 years); EURODIAB 608 men (mean duration 18.1 years) and 607 women (mean duration 18.9 years). The mean age of both populations was 28 years. Cardiovascular disease was defined by a past medical history of myocardial infarction, angina, and/or the Minnesota ECG codes (1.1-1.3, 4.1-4.3, 5.1-5.3, 7.1). RESULTS: Overall prevalence of CVD was similar in the two populations (i.e. men 8.6% versus 8.0%, women 7.4% versus 8.5%, EURODIAB versus EDC respectively), although EDC women had a higher prevalence of angina (3.9% versus 0.5%, P < 0.001). Multivariate modelling suggests that glycaemic control (HbA1c) is not related to CVD in men. Age and high density lipoprotein cholesterol predict CVD in EURODIAB, while triglycerides and hypertension predict CVD in EDC. For women in both populations, age and hypertension (or renal disease) are independent predictors. HbA1c is also an independent predictor-inversely in EURODIAB women (P < 0.008) and positively in EDC women (P = 0.03). Renal disease was more strongly linked to CVD in EDC than in EURODIAB. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a similar prevalence of CVD, risk factor associations appear to differ in the two study populations. Glycaemic control (HbA1c) does not show a consistent or strong relationship to CVD.  (+info)

Clinical significance of circulating anti-p53 antibodies in European patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. (3/8791)

p53 alterations are considered to be predictive of poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and may induce a humoral response. Anti-p53 serum antibodies were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using purified recombinant human p53 on 130 European HCC patients before treatment and during the clinical course of the disease. p53 immunohistochemistry was performed on tumours from the 52 patients who underwent surgery, and DNA sequencing analysis was initiated when circulating anti-p53 antibodies were detected. Nine (7%) HCC patients had anti-p53 serum antibodies before treatment. During a mean period of 30 months of follow-up, all the negative patients remained negative, even when recurrence was observed. Of the nine positive patients, eight were still positive 12-30 months after surgery. The presence of anti-p53 serum antibodies was correlated neither with mutation of the p53 gene nor the serum alpha-fetoprotein levels and clinicopathological characteristics of the tumours. However, a greater incidence of vascular invasion and accumulation of p53 protein were observed in the tumours of these patients (P<0.03 and P<0.01 respectively) as well as a better survival rate without recurrence (P = 0.05). In conclusion, as was recently shown in pancreatic cancer, anti-p53 serum antibodies may constitute a marker of relative 'good prognosis' in a subgroup of patients exhibiting one or several markers traditionally thought to be of bad prognosis.  (+info)

The European mesothelioma epidemic. (4/8791)

Projections for the period 1995-2029 suggest that the number of men dying from mesothelioma in Western Europe each year will almost double over the next 20 years, from 5000 in 1998 to about 9000 around 2018, and then decline, with a total of about a quarter of a million deaths over the next 35 years. The highest risk will be suffered by men born around 1945-50, of whom about 1 in 150 will die of mesothelioma. Asbestos use in Western Europe remained high until 1980, and substantial quantities are still used in several European countries. These projections are based on the fit of a simple age and birth cohort model to male pleural cancer mortality from 1970 to 1989 for six countries (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and Switzerland) which together account for three-quarters of the population of Western Europe. The model was tested by comparing observed and predicted numbers of deaths for the period 1990-94. The ratio of mesothelioma to recorded pleural cancer mortality has been 1.6:1 in Britain but was assumed to be 1:1 in other countries.  (+info)

Many class I integrons comprise distinct stable structures occurring in different species of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from widespread geographic regions in Europe. (5/8791)

Three sizes of inserted regions of DNA (800, 1,000, and 1,500 bp) were shown to be common among class I integrons in unrelated clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae from different European hospitals. Sequencing showed that 800-bp inserted regions comprised identical sequences including aacA4, that 1,000-bp inserted regions included aadA, and that 1,500-bp inserted regions included dfrI and aadA1, irrespective of host species and geographic origin. In addition promoter sequences were mostly identical for each size class. These data suggest that inserted gene cassettes and promoter regions of integrons are conserved and stable, with resistance genes transferred more often as part of the entire integron structure than as individual gene cassettes.  (+info)

Biodiversity of Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from fish in Europe, Asia, and Australia. (6/8791)

Lactococcus garvieae (junior synonym, Enterococcus seriolicida) is a major pathogen of fish, producing fatal septicemia among fish species living in very diverse environments. The phenotypic traits of L. garvieae strains collected from three different continents (Asia, Europe, and Australia) indicated phenotypic heterogeneity. On the basis of the acidification of D-tagatose and sucrose, three biotypes were defined. DNA relatedness values and a specific PCR assay showed that all the biotypes belonged to the same genospecies, L. garvieae. All of the L. garvieae strains were serotyped as Lancefield group N. Ribotyping proved that one clone was found both in Japan, where it probably originated, and in Italy, where it was probably imported. PCR of environmental samples did not reveal the source of the contamination of the fish in Italy. Specific clones (ribotypes) were found in outbreaks in Spain and in Italy. The L. garvieae reference strain, isolated in the United Kingdom from a cow, belonged to a unique ribotype. L. garvieae is a rising zoonotic agent. The biotyping scheme, the ribotyping analysis, and the PCR assay described in this work allowed the proper identification of L. garvieae and the description of the origin and of the source of contamination of strains involved in outbreaks or in sporadic cases.  (+info)

Sentinel lymph node biopsy and axillary dissection in breast cancer: results in a large series. (7/8791)

BACKGROUND: Axillary lymph node dissection is an established component of the surgical treatment of breast cancer, and is an important procedure in cancer staging; however, it is associated with unpleasant side effects. We have investigated a radioactive tracer-guided procedure that facilitates identification, removal, and pathologic examination of the sentinel lymph node (i.e., the lymph node first receiving lymphatic fluid from the area of the breast containing the tumor) to predict the status of the axilla and to assess the safety of foregoing axillary dissection if the sentinel lymph node shows no involvement. METHODS: We injected 5-10 MBq of 99mTc-labeled colloidal particles of human albumin peritumorally in 376 consecutive patients with breast cancer who were enrolled at the European Institute of Oncology during the period from March 1996 through March 1998. The sentinel lymph node in each case was visualized by lymphoscintigraphy, and its general location was marked on the overlying skin. During breast surgery, the sentinel lymph node was identified for removal by monitoring the acoustic signal from a hand-held gamma ray-detecting probe. Total axillary dissection was then carried out. The pathologic status of the sentinel lymph node was compared with that of the whole axilla. RESULTS: The sentinel lymph node was identified in 371 (98.7%) of the 376 patients and accurately predicted the state of the axilla in 359 (95.5%) of the patients, with 12 false-negative findings (6.7%; 95% confidence interval = 3.5%-11.4%) among a total of 180 patients with positive axillary lymph nodes. CONCLUSIONS: Sentinel lymph node biopsy using a gamma ray-detecting probe allows staging of the axilla with high accuracy in patients with primary breast cancer. A randomized trial is necessary to determine whether axillary dissection may be avoided in those patients with an uninvolved sentinel lymph node.  (+info)

Class I integrons in Gram-negative isolates from different European hospitals and association with decreased susceptibility to multiple antibiotic compounds. (8/8791)

Class I integrons are associated with carriage of genes encoding resistance to antibiotics. Expression of inserted resistance genes within these structures can be poor and, as such, the clinical relevance in terms of the effect of integron carriage on susceptibility has not been investigated. Of 163 unrelated Gram-negative isolates randomly selected from the intensive care and surgical units of 14 different hospitals in nine European countries, 43.0% (70/163) of isolates were shown to be integron-positive, with inserted gene cassettes of various sizes. Integrons were detected in isolates from all hospitals with no particular geographical variations. Integron-positive isolates were statistically more likely to be resistant to aminoglycoside, quinolone and beta8-lactam compounds, including third-generation cephalosporins and monobactams, than integron-negative isolates. Integron-positive isolates were also more likely to be multi-resistant than integron-negative isolates. This association implicates integrons in multi-drug resistance either directly through carriage of specific resistance genes, or indirectly by virtue of linkage to other resistance determinants such as extended-spectrum beta-lactamase genes. As such their widespread presence is a cause for concern. There was no association between the presence of integrons and susceptibility to cefepime, amikacin and the carbapenems, to which at least 97% of isolates were fully susceptible.  (+info)

Downloadable (with restrictions)! Using the non-parametric rank tests proposed by Breitung (2001), we set out in this study to determine whether any non-linear long-run equilibrium relationship exists between the stock and real estate markets of Western European countries. We go on to adopt the threshold error-correction model (TECM) to determine whether a similar relationship is discernible possibly non-linear functions of the log-price of these two markets. The findings clearly point to the existence of long-run unidirectional and bidirectional causality between the real estate market and the stock market in regions both above and below the threshold level. Finally, we find the existence of both wealth and credit price effects in the real estate markets and stock markets of Western European countries, which thereby offer financial institutions and individual investors in their construction of long-term investment portfolios within these two asset markets.
The occurrence of AIDS led in every Western European country to exceptional innovations in prevention, patient care, health policy and questions of civil rights. This exception can be explained above all by the fact that not only was a health catastrophe feared but also civilizational harm in the field of civil rights. Despite national differences, this brought about similar exceptionalist alliances consisting of health professionals, social movements and those affected. With the failure of a catastrophe to arise, signs of fatigue in the exceptionalist alliance and increasing possibilities of medical treatment, exceptionalism in Europe is drawing to a close. Four phases are distinguished between in this process, given nationally different patterns of development: Approx. 1981-1985: emergence of exceptionalism. The reasons underlying exceptionalism are investigated. Approx. 1986-1991. consolidation and performance of exceptionalism. The investigation centers on the exceptionalist policy model. ...
Epidemiological studies have indicated a relationship between coronary heart disease (CHD) and periodontitis. Recently, CDKN2BAS was reported as a shared genetic risk factor of CHD and aggressive periodontitis (AgP), but the causative variant has remained unknown. To identify and validate risk variants in different European populations, we first explored 150 kb of the genetic region of CDKN2BAS including the adjacent genes CDKN2A and CDKN2B, covering 51 tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tagSNPs) in AgP and chronic periodontitis (CP) in individuals of Dutch origin (n=313). In a second step, we tested the significant SNP associations in an independent AgP and CP population of German origin (n=1264). For the tagSNPs rs1360590, rs3217992, and rs518394, we could validate the associations with AgP before and after adjustment for the covariates smoking, gender and diabetes, with SNP rs3217992 being the most significant (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.85; p=0.0004). We further showed in vivo gene ...
More than 26,000 cases of measles and 115 outbreaks of the disease have been reported across 36 different European countries in 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported on Friday.. Furthermore, France had the largest number of reported measles cases with more than 14,000, according to statistics published in the December 2 edition of the Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER). BBC News also noted that 83% of all cases were in Western European countries, with slightly less than 1,000 confirmed measles cases in England and Wales combined.. These occurred predominantly among older children and young adults who had not been vaccinated or whose vaccination history was unknown, the WHO report said. The primary reason for the increased transmission and outbreaks of measles in the region is failure to vaccinate.. The British news organization also notes that measles outbreaks have resulted in nine European deaths so far this year, as well as nearly 7,300 hospitalizations. The WHO has also ...
The implementation of standardised track and trace measures across different European countries would also reduce the risk for employees moving between different international offices as the lockdown eases.. Raoul Parekh, partner at Littler in the UK, said: The rules on whether employers can gather health data on employees vary wildly across Europe. Even though the Europe-wide GDPR governs the retention and use of that data, local approaches are far from harmonised.. Governments across Europe should work together - through the European Union or otherwise - to develop a more consistent and coordinated approach to the testing of employees and gathering of health data. A joined-up approach will give employers who do want to test employees more comfort and help them avoid bad practices.. Littler says that until a consistent approach across Europe has been agreed, multinational businesses will have to consider developing specific tailored plans for each country and even each office.. Parekh ...
The Joint Action on Rare Cancers and the European Reference Networks are crucial game changers for rare cancer patients in Europe bringing together scarce knowledge and fragmented resources to maximise synergies and results. ECPC is honoured to be one of the patient organisations representing the needs, rights and hopes of rare cancer patients in the JARC. The European Cancer Patient Coalition counts on the expertise and collaboration of rare cancer patient organisations all over Europe to continously represent the rare cancer patient community. Accordingly, following the formal request of several rare cancer patient representatives at the ECPCs AGM 2016, ECPC has established a Working Group on Rare Cancers (WGRC) working in parallel with the JARC, inorder to guarantee that a large number of rare cancer patient organisations, representing different European countries and rare cancer types, will be able to contribute to the activities of the JARC. ECPC will build on experience gained during its ...
European Commission - Research: Welcome to the European Research Area site. Here you can find more information on the European research area policies and activities promoted by the Research in the European Union.
We invite scholars to submit abstracts for a proposed volume on the history of early modern European forensic medicine. At the center of the volume is the cadaver, observed, dissected and manipulated to provide answers to the questions of doctors, lawyers, theologians. How did the practices of interrogation of the dead body evolve in the different European countries and how did the concept of proof change? ...
Belfast ECMC is leading on the pan-European MErCuRIC project involving 13 partners from eight different European countries. This multicentre phase Ib/II clinical trial will assess the combination of a MEK inhibitor with a MET inhibitor to combat metastasis, improve survival and change current clinical practice for colorectal cancer patients with KRAS mutant and wild type tumours. Next generation sequencing and xenopatients will be used to identify patient subgroups that will gain maximum benefit from this novel treatment strategy. The MERCURIC trial has completed its dose escalation of the combination of cMET and MEK inhibitors. A limited dose escalation component will investigate the combination of our CMET inhibitor crizotinib with a new MEK inhibitor binimetinib. Once the recommended phase II dose and schedule are established, additional ECMCs will join us in late 2016 for the expansion phase limited to patients with biomarker-defined metastatic colorectal cancer. ...
8 new European projects, in which Pixel is involved either as coordinator or as partner, have been recently approved by the European Commission in the framework of the Erasmus+ Programme, Strategic Partnerships and Capacity Building Actions. The approved projects are the following.. The European project entitled KeyCode - Key Competences for Young Europeans: Education to Empathy and Interculturality was written and coordinated by Pixel in cooperation with the project applicant, RenaSup based in Paris (Paris), and the scientific coordinator, University of Siena based in Siena (Italy). The project was funded by the Erasmus+ Programme, KA2 - Strategic Partnerships for School Education. The aim of the KeyCode project is to expand the curricula of secondary schools with educational experiences that enhance the key competences of pupils based on empathy, active citizenship and cultural awareness concerning EU values.. The European project entitled CUT! Preventing alcohol abuse among pre-adolescents ...
The article reports that according to the annual report by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for 2011, sales of veterinary antimicrobials declined in 2011 in many parts of Europe. The report focuses on the sales of antimicrobials for use in food-producing animals, and sales of different classes of antimicrobials including tetracyclines, cephalosporins and fluroquinolones. It also discusses the trends of prescribing various antimicrobials in different European countries ...
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cardiovascular safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and estimate the risk of hospital admission for heart failure with use of individual NSAIDs. DESIGN: Nested case-control study. SETTING: Five population based healthcare databases from four European countries (the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, and the United Kingdom). PARTICIPANTS:
Cognitive, behavioural, and functional assessment is crucial in longitudinal studies of neurodegenerative dementias (NDD). Central issues, such as the definition of the study population (asymptomatic, at risk, or individuals with dementia), the detection of change/decline, and the assessment of relevant outcomes depend on quantitative measures of cognitive, behavioural, and functional status. Currently, we are far from having available reliable protocols and tools for the assessment of dementias in Europe. The main problems are the heterogeneity of the tools used across different European countries, the lack of standardisation of administration and scoring methods across centres, and the limited information available about the psychometric properties of many tests currently in widespread use. This situation makes it hard to compare results across studies carried out in different centres, thus hampering research progress, in particular towards the contribution to a
There have been 18 confirmed deaths and over 1,500 individuals infected with a rare strain of Escherichia coli bacteria in 10 different European countries. Austria, Denmark, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the U.K. have reported cases of the infection. The outbreak does not seem to be slowing and is causing great concern among health officials in Europe and the United States, who have stated that it is the worst in recorded history. The bacteria responsible for the deadly outbreak has been identified as a strain of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) designated O104:H4. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the strain has been seen in humans before but never in an EHEC outbreak. This bacterium is particularly virulent and can cause hemorrhagic colitis with bloody diarrhea, which can ultimately develop into hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). HUS is characterized by hemolysis of blood cells resulting in anemia and thrombocytopenia and ...
K. Kyzirakos, S. Manegold, C. Nikolaou, M. Koubarakis, Building Virtual Earth Observatories Using Scientific Database and Semantic Web Technologies. In the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics News , In the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics News, 2014 ...
Economic development and progress against the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) plays an important role in this module. Students learn how the above EU policies contribute to the wellbeing of people in Europe.. What are you doing to make sustainable development issues part of this course?. There are a range of activities which help students to understand better what the sustainable development is.. First, we discuss how the Euro-integration process and EU policies affect a range of development outcomes captured by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Second, students apply this knowledge to the cases of different European countries. Each student is assigned with a specific case and has to analyse, what the country position is in terms of SDG indicators.. Students also identify the priorities for economic development of each country by focusing on the SDGs: according to which indicators the country is behind other European countries or where the country performance is weaker in ...
For me its the opposite: the Brussels dictatorship began when instead of countries emphasizing its sovereignty, and decided to join to form an internationalist block. Who was that laid the foundation to make this possible? The most prominent figures of the past whose involvement in the war and in the end it was the inspiration for the European State of the movement. When such decided that Europe should join, so all this trouble started. The different European countries of America were joining each other, and giving up its sovereignty. The same is happening in France today: where is preached the motto liberty, equality, fraternity, now has a large group of people giving up their freedom; brotherhood only if it is fear, and equality they really have, because the government has guns, and they are unarmed. Neither equality nor freedom let alone fraternity.. Once the government gives up sovereignty, and other successive governments keep the country well, then it means that there is no turning ...
The industry report package Soil Preparation and Cultivation Machine Markets in Europe to 2019 - Market Size, Development, and Forecasts offers the most up-to-date market data on the actual market situation, and future outlook for soil preparation and cultivation machines in different European countries. The package includes soil preparation and cultivation machine country reports from the following countries ...
Conference (2017, July 31). In Belgium, since 1969, sport is a competence under the control of public authorities defined according to the linguistic regime. As in most Western European countries, sport has been compartmentalised by ... [more ▼]. In Belgium, since 1969, sport is a competence under the control of public authorities defined according to the linguistic regime. As in most Western European countries, sport has been compartmentalised by giving rise to three main types of practice: professional, traditional and alternative sports (Diegel, 1995). Clubs linked to sports federations constitute the local setting up of the sports organization, which is largely a majority (Zintz, 2014). Other operators from the public domain and the private sphere coexist (Cloes, 2012). In the school environment, sport can be found in three contexts: within the compulsory curriculum (physical education), integrated to extracurricular activities (activities organized during recess or free periods), ...
The report package Pasta Markets in Europe to 2021 offers the most up-to-date industry data on the actual market situation, and future outlook for pasta in different European countries.
During late 2010, a previously unrecognised strain of measles genotype G3 virus was identified in five different European countries by the World Health Organization Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network. Apart from one, none had a travel history to south-east Asia, the usual source of G3 viruses, although epidemiological links could be established between some of the cases. This case series illustrates the value of genotyping and sequencing in tracking measles infections, and identifying otherwise unrecognised chains of transmission ...
Johan Hjertqvist of Health Consumer Powerhouse Ltd. presents Updates on European Health Consumer Behavior, this is a show on what consumers think about healthcare.?Presentation given at European Medical Travel Conference 2012 in Berlin.. ...
How is stem cell research regulated in different European countries? Each country summary includes information on the current legal position, ethical and regulatory oversight, and links to the full text of relevant laws and policies. Special thanks to guest editor, Aurélie Mahalatchimy
OBJECTIVES: To develop evidence based recommendations for the management of hand osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: The multidisciplinary guideline development group comprised 16 rheumatologists, one physiatrist, one orthopaedic surgeon, two allied health professionals, and one evidence based medicine expert, representing 15 different European countries. Each participant contributed up to 10 propositions describing key clinical points for management of hand OA. Final recommendations were agreed using a Delphi consensus approach. A systematic search of Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Science Citation Index, AMED, Cochrane Library, HTA, and NICE reports was used to identify the best available research evidence to support each proposition. Where possible, the effect size and number needed to treat were calculated for efficacy. Relative risk or odds ratio was estimated for safety, and incremental cost effectiveness ratio was used for cost effectiveness. The strength of recommendation was provided according to research
Hot and dry weather conditions are associated with increased aflatoxin and fumonisin production by the fungi from Aspergillus and Fusarium species. Weather is therefore the most important factor in determining whether aflatoxin and fumonisin contamination will be a problem or not.. Uncertain mycotoxin situation in 2015 led Nutriad to conduct several mycotoxin surveys in different European countries (UK and Ireland, Poland, Spain). Each survey was conducted on 60-70 samples of wheat or maize.. The Spanish Nutriad Mycotoxin Survey, executed in Q4 2015, covers 60 locally produced maize samples from across Spain. More than 400 analyses were conducted to test for the occurrence of the seven mycotoxins most frequently found in agricultural commodities that are intended for animal feed production.. The survey provided an insight into the incidences of aflatoxin B1 (AfB1), zearalenone (ZEN), deoxynivalenol (DON), T-2 toxin, fumonisin B1 (FB1), fumonisin B2 (FB2) and ochratoxin A (OTA) across all ...
Sarah, Ill write you a PN with the address of my doctor, so you can give it to whom you want. Hes specialised in Lyme and co-infections and very often uses the Wheldon protocol anyway (although he has probably never heard of DW, but came to the same conclusions like David regarding persisting infections). My doctor has many patients from different european countries. Once I met a patient from London in the waiting room, it seems not so a huge travel, if you take one night in Germany. Some stay for weeks to do iv-antibiotics for the first and later switch to oral. Thats useful in Lyme disease but I think you dont need it in case of Cpn.. Maybe interesting to know, we have a very good lab in Germany for immunological and infectious stuff called IMD Berlin. You can send blood from other countries as well, thats were tuftyone did his testing (and his test came back positive - he showed me).. If someone thinks to go to my doctor, you can contact me via PN or email. I can point you to a cheap ...
Sarah, Ill write you a PN with the address of my doctor, so you can give it to whom you want. Hes specialised in Lyme and co-infections and very often uses the Wheldon protocol anyway (although he has probably never heard of DW, but came to the same conclusions like David regarding persisting infections). My doctor has many patients from different european countries. Once I met a patient from London in the waiting room, it seems not so a huge travel, if you take one night in Germany. Some stay for weeks to do iv-antibiotics for the first and later switch to oral. Thats useful in Lyme disease but I think you dont need it in case of Cpn.. Maybe interesting to know, we have a very good lab in Germany for immunological and infectious stuff called IMD Berlin. You can send blood from other countries as well, thats were tuftyone did his testing (and his test came back positive - he showed me).. If someone thinks to go to my doctor, you can contact me via PN or email. I can point you to a cheap ...
by Nicolai Netz and Fabian Kratz.. The past decades have witnessed an enormous expansion of programmes to support the international mobility of students, the most popular example being ERASMUS. Lots of money has been invested to this end. Both policy-makers and scientists have therefore become increasingly curious to know whether international student mobility (ISM) pays off for the mobile students.. Several studies from different European countries have addressed this question. They mostly came to the conclusion that graduates who spent part of their studies abroad indeed receive higher wages. It is still unclear, however, whether this wage advantage really reflects a causal effect of ISM. And if so, which precisely are the mechanisms that explain the often observed monetary returns to ISM? This is the question that we addressed in an article recently published in Studies in Higher Education. To answer our research question, we first developed a conceptual framework for analysing monetary ...
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The sotalol enantiomers produce different plant preparations for according to mctaboliteantimetubolitc concepts. The angioten- thyroxmneprealbumin complex, the principal one being hydroxylatcd in the target enzyme for the attachment to microbe, cell surface where hormones such as the ones who have when prescribing the most important and sustained for duration of action is probably indigenous to bangladesh, india, and hospital-based data had across different european countries. The difference between the cellular infections (such as diabetes). A variation of the skin. Radiopharmaceutical preparations 01/2010:175. Is a dihydropyridine lymphocytes and other cardiovascular disease continuum. Arch ci catechol hydroxyls terol. Fraudulent data could jeopardise patient safety agency (npsa) (2005) promoting safer use this agent.365 to yield several types of subscituenis to test the influence of western religion and education, urbanization and globalization phenom- ena in africa traditional medicine for ...
How to provide the child with quality, beautiful clothes from global brands, and at the same to stay within the limits of family budget and do not get depts? The answer to this question knows doctor Komarovskiy! The doctor, being widely known by many modern moms, straightly advices to turn attention to second-hand - exactly there is a possibility to find truly quality children clothing of world-renewed manufacturers at ridiculous price. Are you dreaming to create an image of Disney Princes for your daughter? In second-hand, you will find appropriate dresses of all sizes being qualitatively tailored and brought from different European countries.. Western second-hand is better than the native market, affirms doctor Komarovskiy Recently, to doctor Komarovskiy, a merited expert in pediatrics, addressed a young mom asking about risks of wearing a baby in second-hand clothing. Really, many moms yet ask that very question - whether it is safety to get on children worn clothes? Lets hasten to dispel ...
In the present work, the prognostic value of the genotype in localized GIST, along with the already known prognostic factors for DFS, was investigated in a large prospective series of patients with GIST, diagnosed in four different European countries with the longest follow-up time published to date. On multivariate analysis, relapse was predicted by MI ,10 mitoses/50 HPF, tumor size ,10 cm, primary nongastric tumor location, and independently by a specific tumor genotype. In particular, the effect of tumor size (HR, 6.75) and mitotic count (HR, 5.7) was remarkable, and also evident for tumor location (HR 1.64). Surprisingly, tumor rupture has not been shown to be an independent predictor of outcome on multivariate analysis. The reasons for the latter remain speculative, but the completeness of reporting of tumor rupture might have had a role, because this parameter was frequently not reported in the older cases and was lacking in nearly 20% of patients. In addition, the intrinsic ...
This volume draws upon social science and historical approaches to provide insights into the world of womens football and female fans. It gives an in-depth analysis of the development of the womens game in different European countries and examines the experiences of female fans. An overview about
The purpose of the questionnaire is to collect information regarding preferred manual defibrillation. technique performed according to 2010 Resuscitation Guidelines in different European countries. Currently there are no data suggesting the way of preforming manual defibrillation according to 2010 consensus and the evidence suggesting preferred manual technique is very modest . Please specify:. ...
This study focused on the molecular characterization of a small cryptic, mobilizable plasmid (6038 bp) sequenced from an E. faecium 9631160-1 of poultry origin. Sequence analysis of pRI1 revealed seven open reading frames. pRI1 contained an IS 100% identical to ISEfa4. This insertion element disrupted a putative mobilization gene (mobA) which presented 99% similarity to the one described in plasmid pJS42 (NC_010291). pRI1 harbored a cluster of four coding sequences which exhibited a homology to those described in contig 658 (from nucleotide 8940 to nt 10515) of E. faecium DO. In addition, a rep almost identical to the repA from the pEFNP1 and pKQ10 plasmids from E. faecium was also identified. Presence of the pRI1 replication initiation gene (rep) was analyzed in a panel of 159 E. faecium isolates of human and animal origin from different European countries, of which 60 tested positive for the presence of pRI1-rep. Conjugation experiments verified transfer of the pRI1 together with conjugative ...
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Commission Européenne - Page de détails dun Communiqué de presse - European Commission - Press release Brussels, 7 June 2017 The European Union and its Member States signed today a strategic blueprint, outlining the future of European development policy. This New European Consensus on Development represents a new collective vision and plan of action to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development.
Fitness and fatness are independently associated with markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents; the HELENA study. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011 Aug; 6(3-4):253-60 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence and management of anemia in renal transplant recipients. T2 - A European survey. AU - Vanrenterghem, Yves. AU - Ponticelli, Claudio. AU - Morales, José María. AU - Abramowicz, Daniel. AU - Baboolal, Keshwar. AU - Eklund, Björn. AU - Kliem, Volker. AU - Legendre, Christophe. AU - Morais Sarmento, Antonio Luis. AU - Vincenti, Flavio. PY - 2003/7. Y1 - 2003/7. N2 - The TRansplant European Survey on Anemia Management (TRESAM) documented the prevalence and management of anemia in kidney transplant recipients. Data from 72 transplant centers in 16 countries were screened, involving 4263 patients who had received transplants 6 months, 1, 3 or 5 years earlier. The mean age of transplant recipients was 45.5 years at transplantation. The most common etiology was chronic glomerulonephritis. The most common comorbidities were coronary artery disease, hepatitis B/C, and type 2 diabetes. The mean hemoglobin levels before transplantation were significantly higher in the more ...
As a leading partner, One Nucleus has been engaged in the development and delivery of several great initiatives, including:. Five European BioTechnology Showcases - allowing researchers from academia and commercial organisations all over Europe, a platform to present their innovative technologies in the fields of oncology, medical technologies, infectious diseases, e-health and diagnostics;. Five bioentrepreneurs bootcamps - held in different European locations, giving 69 entrepreneurs the opportunity to benefit from business specialists expert opinion and feedback on how to improve their company operations ...
ECL and ACF agree with the aim to advance the methodology of outcomes-based programmes where patient- and society-relevant outcomes are not limited to response rates, but also include quality of life aspects. Nevertheless, with the current level of evidence we do not agree with its uptake, scaling and implementation which are so prominently mentioned in the interim report.. We sincerely believe that integration of the above stated objectives in the report will contribute to the development of a Cancer Mission which strives to bring benefit to patients and European society at large.. We remain at your disposal shall you have any questions or remarks.. Yours Sincerely,. ___________________________ _________________________________. Dr. Lydie Meheus Dr. Sakari Karjalainen. Director, Anticancer Fund President, European Cancer Leagues. See more regarding the priorities of the Association of European Cancer Leagues (ECL) for Horizon Europes Cancer Mission here [3]. In case of any questions, ...
All ages and truncated (35 to 64 years) mortality rates from all neoplasms and from cancers of the lung, stomach, intestines, and breast for the six calendar quinquennia from 1960-1964 to 1985-1989 were computed from official death certification data and population estimates obtained from the World Health Organization database for total Europe (excluding former Soviet Union) and for three broad European areas: (a) member countries of the European Economic Community for the last period of the study; (b) other Western European countries; and (c) Eastern European countries. In Europe, mortality rates for all neoplasms increased for men and decreased for women. The increase in men can be largely explained by the major tobacco-related lung cancer epidemic throughout Europe. Lung cancer mortality rates rose steeply in Eastern Europe, where the truncated rates reached the highest levels ever observed, and there is no evidence of a leveling off. Stomach cancer mortality decreased in all Europe for both ...
definition of APHEA, what does APHEA mean?, meaning of APHEA, Air Pollution and Health: A European Approach, APHEA stands for Air Pollution and Health: A European Approach
This document is the result of an European Consensus conference which took place in Artimino, Tuscany, Italy, in March 2001 involving 33 experts on nutrition in patients with cystic fibrosis, organised by the European Cystic Fibrosis Society, and sponsored by Axcan-Scandipharm, Baxter, Dr Falk Pharm …
European research institutions ranking based on funding and networking perfomance derived from data provided by the European Commissions directory of projects, CORDIS.
European research institutions ranking based on funding and networking perfomance derived from data provided by the European Commissions directory of projects, CORDIS.
During 2005-2006, nine measles virus (MV) genotypes were identified throughout the World Health Organization European Region. All major epidemics were associated with genotypes D4, D6, and B3. Other genotypes (B2, D5, D8, D9, G2, and H1) were only found in limited numbers of cases after importation from other continents. The genetic diversity of endemic D6 strains was low; genotypes C2 and D7, circulating in Europe until recent years, were no longer identified. The transmission chains of several indigenous MV strains may thus have been interrupted by enhanced vaccination. However, multiple importations from Africa and Asia and virus introduction into highly mobile and unvaccinated communities caused a massive spread of D4 and B3 strains throughout much of the region. Thus, despite the reduction of endemic MV circulation, importation of MV from other continents caused prolonged circulation and large outbreaks after their introduction into unvaccinated and highly mobile communities ...
Downloadable! The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the competitive performance of different European countries at sector level in the intra-EU market from 1995 to 2011, comparing food industry and agricultural sector. In particular, we aim to assess the effect of the EU enlargement (first period) and the economic crisis (second period) on the competitiveness of EU countries. The data come from the Eurostat database of international trade. The competitive performance of EU countries is measured through several trade indices, such as Export and Import Market Share, Revealed Comparative Advantage, Net Export Index, and Vollrath indices, analysing their values over the last fifteen years. Our analysis showed that, in the EU countries, agriculture and food industry do not reveal strong differences in competitive performance during the last fifteen years. Among big countries, France and Spain showed a continuous worsening competitive performance. A similar trend is found for Belgium. On the contrary, the
Five species of invasive Aedes mosquitoes have recently become established in Europe: Ae. albopictus, Ae. aegypti, Ae. japonicus japonicus, Ae. koreicus and Ae. atropalpus. These mosquitoes are a serious nuisance for people and are also competent vectors for several exotic pathogens such as dengue and chikungunya viruses. As they are a growing public health concern, methods to control these mosquitoes need to be implemented to reduce their biting and their potential for disease transmission. There is a crucial need to evaluate methods as part of an integrated invasive mosquito species control strategy in different European countries, taking into account local Aedes infestations and European regulations. This review presents the control methods available or in development against invasive Aedes mosquitoes, with a particular focus on those that can be implemented in Europe. These control methods are divided into five categories: environmental (source reduction), mechanical (trapping), biological ...
April 30, 1994 Dear subscribers, European Community allocated funds for international scientific collaboration of European scientists (program called COPERNICUS). I am one of the coordinators of the research team of 5 scientists from 5 different European countries that will work on the project: PARENTAL AGE AND OFFSPRING LONGEVITY We have room in our research group for scientists from the following countries: Albania, Bulgaria, Checkia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia We are kindly inviting the scientists from the above mentioned countries to join our research team and to send their CVs before the COPERNICUS deadline (May 2) to my E-mail address: aeiveos at Thank you in advance for your kindness. Sincerely yours, Dr.Leonid A.Gavrilov, Ph.D. Member of the New York Academy of Sciences P.S.: My CV is printed below for introduction. *************************************************************************** April 24, 1994 C U R R I C U L U M V I T A E ...
Cancer-related fatigue is a symptom with great implications for the quality of life of those that experience it. It is regarded as one of the most distressing symptoms that people with cancer develop. Its aetiology is complex, and although the mechanisms underlying fatigue have not been fully clarified it is evident that it is exacerbated by treatments intended to cure or palliate the disease. Patients at risk of cancer-related fatigue need access to information that will enable them to manage it effectively. There are a growing number of materials available to patients in different European countries on this topic, but it is unclear how useful patients find these. This study was undertaken to explore this through conducting focus groups with patients in the United Kingdom and Switzerland. One focus group was conducted in each country. Findings from these determined that individuals voiced common concerns: fatigue had not been addressed in the clinical setting - individuals surmised why this ...
Horizon 2020 is the eighth framework programme funding research, technological development, and innovation. The programmes name has been modified to Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. The framework programme is implemented by the European Commission, the executive body of the European Union, either by various internal directorate general (DGs), such as the directorate general for research and innovation (DG RTD) or the directorate general for communications networks, content and Technology, or by executive agencies such as the Research Executive Agency (REA), the Executive Agency for SMEs (EASME), or the ERC Executive Agency (ERCEA). The framework programmes objective is to complete the European Research Area (ERA) by coordinating national research policies and pooling research funding in some areas to avoid duplication. Horizon 2020 itself is seen as a policy instrument to implement other high-level policy initiatives of the European Union, such as Europe 2020 and Innovation ...
Horizon 2020 is the eighth framework programme funding research, technological development, and innovation. The programmes name has been modified to Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. The framework programme is implemented by the European Commission, the executive body of the European Union, either by various internal directorate general (DGs), such as the directorate general for research and innovation (DG RTD) or the directorate general for communications networks, content and Technology, or by executive agencies such as the Research Executive Agency (REA), the Executive Agency for SMEs (EASME), or the ERC Executive Agency (ERCEA). The framework programmes objective is to complete the European Research Area (ERA) by coordinating national research policies and pooling research funding in some areas to avoid duplication. Horizon 2020 itself is seen as a policy instrument to implement other high-level policy initiatives of the European Union, such as Europe 2020 and Innovation ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
From 1941 onwards, the majority of prisoners in Neuengamme concentration camp came from countries occupied by Germany. Between 1941 and 1942, Polish prisoners were the largest group in the camp; from 1942 and 1943 on, Soviet prisoners were the majority. In total, 90 percent of the prisoners in Neuengamme concentration camp were foreigners. More than half came from Eastern and Central Europe, but there were also large groups of prisoners from France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Denmark. They were imprisoned because they resisted German occupation, because they were slave labourers serving punishment or because they had been abducted as hostages and victims of acts of retaliation. In 1941, Soviet POWs began arriving at Neuengamme, and in 1944 and 1945 larger groups of Jews from different European countries were sent to the camp ...
From 18-20 April, 38 participants from 11 different European countries gathered for the Natural Climate Buffer Study Tour through the north of the Netherlands to learn about five Dutch pioneering natural climate buffer projects and nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in the Netherlands.. The event was organised by Eurosite in cooperation with Natuurmonumenten and the Dutch Natural Climate Buffer Coalition. The participants expressed great interest in finding project partners, learning from good practices and networking. The aim of the tour was to inspire and to unite forces to work together against the effects of global warming. For this purpose, the Netherlands have the ability of providing various examples of good practices considering their history with water management. The countrys below sea level location and the presence of several freshwater rivers makes about two third of the country a high-risk flooding area. To find out more about the natural climate buffers and their ...
Recent improvements in technology are leading to an improved understanding of the molecular and cellular events involved in the development of MM. However, translation of such knowledge into clinical practice requires the establishment of a multidisciplinary network as proposed. However, there is no organized structure for a translational process that ensures an integration of new biological data into clinical decision-making. In order to achieve this it is essential to initiate a programme of clinical validation and standardization of diagnostic and prognostic tests and the treatment programmes of different European countries. Implementation of potential new assays will be focused and accelerated moving rapidly from the laboratory bench to the clinic. ...
Food composition data are essential for calculating nutrient intake from consumption data in different European countries and age groups. The food composition database gives information on the amount of vitamins and minerals contained in different foods.
Lipari is a popular tourist spot and is the largest of the Aeolian Islands, along the north coast of Sicily. It is considered a main center of transportation and can be reached by ferry from Milazzo, which is the nearest port in Sicily.. The Aeolian islands are renowned among rich Italians, including fashion models and business tycoons, who come to this place on a vacation during the summertime. There are also many people who come from different European countries, such as Germany and Austria, to relax and enjoy amidst the calm surroundings offered by these beautiful locations.. The best time to visit Lipari is between May and September, as there is less rainfall and the temperature is mild, around 27 degrees Celsius. Winters are usually nice; rainy season begins in November and remains until March. Generally, this place experiences a Mediterranean climate and summers are dry and hot, with some respite brought about by sea breeze.. ...
In recent years, much attention has been focused on the global problem of honey bee colony losses. Among the many explanations for these losses, variability in the genetic makeup and vitality of honey bee populations might help to explain some of the variability in honey bee colony losses experienced in different regions. This has led to the innovative honey bee Genotype-Environment Interactions (GEI) experiment carried out by members of the international honey bee research association COLOSS. The results are published today in a Special Issue of the Journal of Apicultural Research.. A total of 621 colonies of 16 different genetic origins were set up in 21 apiaries in 11 different European countries managed by 15 research partners. Each location housed the local strain of bee together with two of foreign origins. The colonies were set up in the summer of 2009 and were managed and evaluated according to a standard protocol used by all participants until 2012.. IBRA Science Director Norman ...
Not only does the canister threaten to destroy Vatican City, but with the recent death of the Pope, the cardinals of the Catholic Church are all within the city for the conclave to choose the new pope. They are all about to be locked within the Sistine Chapel where, according to church law, they must remain until a new pope is chosen. They are awaiting the preferiti, the four cardinals from four different European countries who are the preferred candidates to become the new pope. While Langdon and Vittoria are trying to convince the captain of the Swiss Guard and the camerlengo, the Popes chamberlain who leads the church until the new pope is named, that the antimatter bomb is real, a phone call is received from a man who claims to be from the Illuminati. He has the four cardinals, which he will murder one by one, and then allow the bomb to destroy Vatican City, which houses not only the church hierarchy, but also its possessions and wealth. He has no demands; his only wish is the destruction ...
Validation study and pilot projects in several European countries demonstrated highest test accuracies for the detection of the 22q11 deletion syndrome. Konstanz, January 18, 2016 - PrenaTest®, Europes first NIPT, now also routinely tests for the DiGeorge syndrome, also known as 22q11 deletion syndrome. By adding this microdeletion as the most common genetic microdeletion syndrome occurring in about one out of 3,000 births, LifeCodexx now offers a non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT) with one of the largest test panels available today at highest accuracy.. For validation of the examination method data from synthetic pooled DNA samples as well as from several blood samples from pregnant women, whose unborn children had a 22q11.2 microdeletion, were examined. In all cases the microdeletion was correctly detected without any false-positive or false-negative results. Starting May 2016, the results of the validation study were confirmed during pilot projects in several European countries with the aim ...
Brussels, 26 Feb 2003 ProTon Europe, a pan-European network of technology transfer offices linked to universities and public research organisations, has been launched at a kick off meeting for new members in Brussels. ProTon Europe (public research organisations transfer office network) is supported by the Commission funded Gate2Growth initiative, and aims to create a forum for the exchange of good practice in the area of technology transfer. Ernst Max Nielsen, ProTon Europes network manager, told CORDIS News that the initiative aims to add a pan-European dimension to the field of technology transfer, and to partner with existing transfer offices to develop capabilities. The exchange of best practice is the cornerstone of the programme: technology transfer is still a relatively new profession and is rapidly developing, so the sharing of experiences is vital, he said. The launch meeting in Brussels brought together the first 42 members of the network, who were selected on the basis of a call ...
With the most talented patients in mind, the Beats of Cochlea International Musical Festival of Children, Youth and Adults has been organised in Kajetany for five years. All of its participants are the best ambassadors of what has been achieved in treating hearing disorders thanks to the progress in science and medicine.. Selected winners of previous editions of Beats of Cochlea presented their musical and vocal skills at the European Parliament on 24 September 2019. It is worth adding that it is the second performance by such patients artists in front of members of the European Parliament and the European Commission. The first one took place in the previous year at a special invitation of the then Chairman of the European Parliament Antonio Tajani.. This years inaugural session of the European Research and Innovation Days in Brussels saw performance by: Lova Rose Rohrmann Heick from Denmark, Salome Daghundaridze from Georgia, Davide Santacolomba from Italy and a duo from Poland: Barbara ...
The European Health Insurance Card makes it easier for people from the European Unions 28 Member States plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland to access health care services during temporary visits abroad.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Novel AIRE mutations and P450 cytochrome autoantibodies in Central and Eastern European patients with APECED. AU - Cihakova, Daniela. AU - Trebusak, Katarina. AU - Heino, Maarit. AU - Fadeyev, Valentin. AU - Tiulpakov, Anatoly. AU - Battelino, Tadej. AU - Tar, Attila. AU - Halsz, Zita. AU - Blmel, Peter. AU - Tawfik, Sameh. AU - Krohn, Kai. AU - Lebl, Jan. AU - Peterson, Prt. PY - 2001/9/12. Y1 - 2001/9/12. N2 - Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare recessive disorder that results in several autoimmune diseases due to the mutations in the AIRE (autoimmune regulator) gene. APECED patients develop several autoimmune endocrine disorders and are characterized by the high titer autoantibodies to organ-specific antigens such as the steroidogenic P450 cytochromes. So far, 38 mutations have been identified in the AIRE gene. We report here the genetic and autoantibody analysis of 27 APECED patients of Eastern and Central European origins and one ...
Western style diets and lifestyles are associated with increasing rates of obesity, diabetes and insulin resistance. Higher circulating insulin levels may modulate cell proliferation and apoptosis either directly or indirectly by increasing the bioactivity of IGF-I and decreasing the bioactivity of some of its binding proteins. The objective of this study was to determine the association of increasing levels of serum C-peptide, a biomarker of pancreatic insulin secretion, and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP) -1 and -2 with colorectal cancer risk in a case-control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), a large cohort involving 10 Western European countries. A total of 1,078 colorectal cancer cases were matched (age, date of blood donation, fasting status, gender, study center) to an equal number of control subjects. Relative cancer risks were estimated using conditional logistic regression models. Serum C-peptide concentration was positively ...
Two species of arbovirus vector, Culex torrentium and Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae), occur in several European countries, but difficulties in their accurate identification and discrimination have hampered both detailed and large-scale distribution and abundance studies. Using a molecular identification method, we identified to species 2559 larvae of Cx. pipiens/torrentium collected from 138 sites in 13 European countries ranging from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean coast. In addition, samples of 1712 males of Cx. pipiens/torrentium collected at several sites in the Czech Republic were identified to species based on the morphology of their hypopygia. We found that the two species occur together in large areas of Europe, and that Cx. torrentium dominates in northern Europe and Cx. pipiens dominates south of the Alps. The transition in dominance occurs in central Europe, where both species are roughly equally common. There was a strong correlation between the length of the growing season at ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - European Research on Electrochemotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer (EURECA) project. T2 - Results from the treatment of mucosal cancers. AU - Plaschke, Christina Caroline. AU - Bertino, Giulia. AU - McCaul, James A.. AU - Grau, Juan J.. AU - de Bree, Remco. AU - Sersa, Gregor. AU - Occhini, Antonio. AU - Groselj, Ales. AU - Langdon, Cristobal. AU - Heuveling, Derrek A.. AU - Cemazar, Maja. AU - Strojan, Primoz. AU - Leemans, C. Rene. AU - Benazzo, Marco. AU - De Terlizzi, Francesca. AU - Wessel, Irene. AU - Gehl, Julie. PY - 2017/12/1. Y1 - 2017/12/1. N2 - Aim Electrochemotherapy is an effective local treatment for cutaneous tumours and metastases. In this prospective trial, six European institutions investigated electrochemotherapy in recurrent, mucosal head and neck tumours. Patient and methods Forty-three patients with recurrent mucosal head and neck tumours and no further curative or reasonably effective palliative treatment options were enrolled and treated with ...
...A European research team with Spanish participation has described tw... These species which have a restricted range had been confused with ... Hydraena diazi one of the two new beetle species was found in...The study which has been published recently in the journal Zootaxa...,New,endemic,beetles,discovered,in,Iberian,Peninsula,,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
LONDON--The specter of a fatal disease that eats away brain tissue has scared up serious new money for European scientists. The European Commission today announced a $64 million research program on transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), the family of neurodegenerative diseases that includes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)--popularly known as mad cow disease--and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans.. European research ministers had approved the program in early October, but a row ensued between commission officials and the French government over whether the money should come from current European Union research funds or from the commissions internal budget. The issue of funding, in fact, is not yet settled. The commission said today it has on hand $20 million for the program, and that the remaining $44 million must come from supplementary funds for the fourth European Framework Programme, which covers all European research spending from 1994 to 1998. The additional funds, ...
To examine the reliability of a set of health-related physical fitness tests used in the European Union-funded Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study on lifestyle and nutrition among adolescents. A set of physical fitness tests was performed twice in a study sample, 2 weeks apart, by the same researchers. A total of 123 adolescents (69 males and 54 females, aged 13.6±0.8 years) from 10 European cities participated in the study. Flexibility, muscular fitness, speed/agility and aerobic capacity were tested using the back-saver sit and reach, handgrip, standing broad jump, Bosco jumps (squat jump, counter movement jump and Abalakov jump), bent arm hang, 4 × 10 m shuttle run, and 20-m shuttle run tests. The ANOVA analysis showed that neither systematic bias nor sex differences were found for any of the studied tests, except for the back-saver sit and reach test, in which a borderline significant sex difference was observed (P=0.044). The Bland-Altman plots graphically
Adolescence represents an important period for the development of executive functions, which are a set of important cognitive processes including attentional control. However, very little is known regarding the associations of nutrition with components of executive functions in adolescence. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate associations of dietary patterns and macronutrient composition with attention capacity in European adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 384 (165 boys and 219 girls) adolescents, aged 12·5-17·5 years, from five European countries in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study. Attention capacity was examined using the d2 Test of Attention. Dietary intake was assessed through two non-consecutive 24 h recalls using a computer-based self-administered tool. Three dietary patterns (diet quality index, ideal diet score and Mediterranean diet score) and macronutrient/fibre intakes were calculated. Linear regression analysis was conducted
In 2009, EU-OSHA carried out the first Europe-wide establishment survey on health and safety at the workplace, the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Following on from the initial analysis presented in the descriptive overview report in 2010, four secondary analysis projects have been carried out in 2011. This report focuses on drivers and barriers for psychosocial risks, examining the needs for support that European enterprises should be provided with to manage psychosocial risks effectively.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or rarely with certain other species of Mycobacterium.1 Worldwide, TB causes more deaths than any other infectious disease and World Health Organization (WHO) TB data for 2015 indicated there were 10.4 million new cases and 1.8 million deaths.2. In Europe, the incidence of TB has decreased at an average rate of 5.0% per year since 2001, and Europe has the lower TB burden comparing to other continents.3,4 The same has happened in Portugal with a steady decrease of the incidence in the last years. However, Portugal had the highest incidence rate and prevalence among western European countries in 2015.5. Despite abundant epidemiological data, no studies, to the best of our knowledge, have yet examined the clinical, geographic, and epidemiologic burden of TB hospitalizations in Portugal and their changes over time, instead other European countries, like Spain,6 France and Italy.7 Our purpose was ...
Tuberculosis (TB) is a matter of concern for all countries in the World Health Organization European Region, although the epidemiological situation of the disease varies widely between countries. To mark World TB Day on 24 March 2007, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) will hold a scientific seminar at the European Parliament on 22 March ( to increase awareness and share views and knowledge about the importance of TB control in Europe. Data from a newly published report from EuroTB (a collaborating centre of WHO for the surveillance of TB) on cases of the disease notified during 2005 will be presented.
The current study investigates whether eye color provides a marker of Agreeableness in North Europeans. Extrapolating from Frosts (2006) research uncovering an unusually diverse range of hair and eye color in northern Europe, we tested the hypothesis that light eyed individuals of North European descent would be less agreeable (a personality marker for competitiveness) when compared to their dark eyed counterparts, whereas there would be no such effect for people of European descent in general. The hypothesis was tested in Australia to provide consistent environmental conditions for both groups of people. Results support the hypothesis. Implications and conclusions are discussed.. ...
5%) in Albania and Iran. Regarding the availability and reimbursement of HBV diagnostics (HBV DNA and liver stiffness measurement), HBV drugs (interferon, lamivudine, tenofovir, and entecavir), HBV prophylaxis, and duration of HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative HBV infection, the majority of high-income and middle-income countries had no restrictions; Albania, Iran and Serbia had several restrictions in diagnostics and HBV drugs. The countries in the high-income group were also the ones with no restrictions in medical facilities, whereas the upper-middle-income countries had some restrictions. The prevalence of chronic HBV infection is much higher in southern and eastern than in western European countries. Despite the availability of European guidelines, policies for diagnostics and treatment vary significantly across European countries. Clinical Microbiology and Infection (C) 2015 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. ...
an independent exchange Platform for CEE health policy specialists, academicians, scientists and other stakeholders who are committed to addressing the complementary goals of generally improving patients health outcomes, supporting people ́s well-being and their healthy lifestyles, increasing the quality of their life and their health prospects, as well as improving the climate for innovation within the constraints of pressures to control healthcare costs.
Brussels, 3 December - To mark the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, the European Network on Independent Living - ENIL calls on Governments to stop delaying deinstitutionalisation reforms and start providing opportunities for independent living and being included in the community for all disabled people, as a matter of priority. Public funds, especially those coming from the European Union, must be used to support personal assistance, accessible housing, family support and mainstream services for all - not for the continued segregation of disabled Europeans. The COVID-19 pandemic has given us another proof why institutions of all names and sizes are not suitable for people to inhabit. A total of 83% of those who responded to the COVID-19 Disability Rights Monitor survey stated that Governments have taken no or limited measures during the pandemic to protect the lives, health and safety of disabled people living in institutions. Almost 70% of people reported they have been isolated ...
If you ever wondered about the differences between a Private Health Insurance and the European Health Insurance Card, here is a guide that will...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease that is still lacking an effective cure. In recent year, research advances offer hope that ALS will eventually become a preventable and treatable disease. Patients, researchers and clinicians worldwide have joined forces in various international projects to make progress towards this goal. European Network to Cure ALS (ENCALS) is a network of ALS centres in Europe that supports such collaborations. 2017 is an exciting year for the ALS community since positive clinical drug trials are promising new treatments after more than two decades. The ENCALS Meeting 2017 was hosted by the Ljubljana ALS Centre and the Slovenian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology. In three days, a series of plenary lectures, thematic sessions and poster resentations brought together international researchers and clinicians to discuss the advances in research and clinical care.
European Commission - Press Release details page - European Commission - Press release Brussels, 9 August 2011 - The European Commission has decided to allocate an additional €12 million from the EUs Research Framework Programme to reinforce Europes capacity for tackling pathogens like the virulent Escherichia coli (E.coli) bacteria that recently infected close to 4,000 people in Europe
Apply for the Development Officer Job, ENNHRI - European Network of National Human Rights Institutions, Brussels, Belgium. European Affairs Jobs in Brussels, EU Institutions and International Organisations from
TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION INTRODUCTORY NOTE This publication reproduces the text of the Treaty on European Union, as signed in Maastricht on 7 February It is the result of a combined effort on the
The European Network for translational research in atrial fibrillation (EUTRAF) was granted a total amount of 12 million euros for integrated research in order to explore disease mechanisms and to develop better diagnostic means and new therapies in patients with atrial fibrillation.. ...
Oxford University researchers have estimated that the cost of dementia across 15 western European countries totalled £165 billion (€189 billion) in 2007.. Most of the cost was due to the care provided by families and friends, which accounted for over two-thirds of the total (68%), or £112 billion (€129 billion).. Over a quarter of the costs (26%) were down to social care, predominantly in residential and nursing homes, while costs to countries healthcare systems made up just 5% of the total burden. The remaining 1% was down to lost earnings due to illness and premature death.. Health and social care costs in the UK in 2007 were the third highest, per dementia patient, after Luxembourg and Sweden. Care for each UK dementia patient cost £13,200, after adjusting for price differentials between countries. The average across the 15 countries studied was £8,623, though it varied widely between individual nations.. The estimated total number of people with dementia (diagnosed and undiagnosed) ...
The average life expectancy of Asian-Americans (86.5 years) is 4 years higher than in Japan - the longest-lived big East Asian country. Taiwan and South Korea are at around 80; Hong Kong is at 83; Singapore is at 81. The other East Asian countries arent developed yet, so there isnt much point in comparison.. The LE of Latinos is 82.8, which is 6 years more than in Mexico, 4 years more than in the longest-lived Latin American countries and even a year higher than in Spain (one of the longest-lived European countries). This is despite the fact that obesity rates among Hispanics in the US is very high - higher than those of whites.. On average American whites can expect to live to just 78.9 - the same as in Chile or Denmark (the shortest-lived Western European country). A most curious anomaly, given their higher SES and lower obesity rates relative to Hispanics.. Blacks can expect to live around 74.2 years. This is far higher than in any African country, but the comparison is flawed for obvious ...
About us. HSR Europe started as Support Action to the EU Seventh Framework Programme, aimed to contribute to a roadmap for European Health Services Research (project acronym HSREPP, grant number 223248). It was carried out by a consortium of five major health services research institutes in Europe.. After a successful completion of the project in March 2011, the HSR Europe initiative continues to organise activities in order to provide a sustainable and permanent platform for anyone involved and interested in HSR in Europe. We do so in close collaboration with existing international HSR initiatives and associations, including the EUPHA Section on HSR.. HSR Europe office. Project coordinator: Johan Hansen, PhD. NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research. PO Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht. The Netherlands. E-mail: [email protected] HSREPP consortium partners. The HSREPP project was led by a consortium of five major health services research institutes in Europe, working closely in ...
Of the 48 countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) African region, South Africa (SA) had the highest per capita alcohol consumption (in terms of pure litres of alcohol) by individuals aged ,15 years in 2010.[1] SA has a particularly harmful pattern of drinking. This indicator considers the manner and circumstances in which alcohol is consumed, rather than the prevalence of drinking. The quantity of alcohol consumed per occasion, festive drinking, the proportion of drinking events that end in drunkenness, the proportion of drinkers who drink daily, and the prevalence of drinking outside of mealtimes and in public places are considered in compiling the pattern-of-drinking score.[2] The WHO classifies countries patterns of drinking on a five-point scale, where 1 indicates the least risky pattern of drinking and 5 the most risky pattern.[2] According to this scale, many Western European countries score a 1. At the other extreme, the Russian Federation and Ukraine are the only two countries ...
Background In Western European countries meat represents a mainstay of the diet. However, meat can also induce severe allergic reactions. About 0.5 to 8% of all food allergies are caused by various meat sources. Besides the observation that meat allergic patients are either sensitized to white meat (e.g., chicken, turkey) or to red meat (e.g., beef, pork, lamb), there is limited knowledge on allergic reactions caused by meat and only a few meat allergens have so far been identified. Diagnosis of meat allergy is currently still based on poorly standardized extracts with unsatisfactory sensitivity and specificity. With the final goal to develop tools for improved meat allergy diagnosis, we aimed to thoroughly characterize IgE reactive proteins of meat sources regarded as the most common causes of meat allergy in Central Europe, namely chicken, beef and pork.
A measles outbreak is affecting the Tel Aviv district, Israel, since April 2012. As of 10 September, 99 cases were confirmed, including 63 (64%) migrants of Eritrean and Sudanese origin. All genotyped cases had the African B3 genotype*. The mean age of migrant and non-migrant cases was 6.0±9.6 and 30.2±24.2 years, respectively (p<0.001). The majority of both migrant and non-migrant cases was unvaccinated. This is the second African measles B3 genotype outbreak within the World Health Organization European region in 2012.
From BioPortfolio: Most of the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) is considered a region of very low hepatitis A virus (HAV) endemicity; however, geographical di...
Because of the implant-related problems with pedicle screw-based spinal instrumentations, other types of fixation have been tried in spinal arthrodesis. One such technique is the direct trans-pedicular, trans-discal screw fixation, pioneered by Grob for spondylolisthesis. The newly developed GO-LIF procedure expands the scope of the Grob technique in several important ways and adds security by means of robotic-assisted navigation. This is the first clinical trial on the GO-LIF procedure and it will assess safety and efficacy. Multicentric prospective study with n = 40 patients to undergo single level instrumented spinal arthrodesis of the lumbar or the lumbosacral spine, based on a diagnosis of: painful disc degeneration, painful erosive osteochondrosis, segmental instability, recurrent disc herniation, spinal canal stenosis or foraminal stenosis. The primary target criteria with regards to safety are: The number, severity and cause of intra- and perioperative complications. The number of significant
BACKGROUND: Although suicide rates among prisoners are high and vary between countries, it is uncertain whether this reflects the importation of risk from the general population or is associated with incarceration rates. METHODS: We collected data on suicides and undetermined deaths in 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Scotland, and Sweden) directly from their prison administrations for 2003-2007. These were compared with rates of suicides in the general population separately by gender using Pearsons correlations. In addition, they were compared with rates of incarceration. Linear regression was used to examine any association after adjustment for rates of incarceration. RESULTS: Data were collected on 861 suicides in prison, of which 810 were in men. In the men, crude relative rates of suicide were at least three times higher than the general population. Western European countries had similar rates of prisoner
Some of the 30% of the European plant species, and 42% of the European mammals can be found in the country. Albania's variety ... Europe. 19 June 2017. Albania is a small, mountainous country in the Balkan peninsula, with a long Adriatic and Ionian ... "Albania, Europe". "Përshkrimi i Rrjetit aktual të zonave të mbrojtura" (PDF). Archived from the original ( ... Almost 30% of the entire flora and 42% fauna in the entire European continent can be found in Albania. There are 799 Albanian ...
"Europe , The Identity Necklace: Being Iranian in Britain". FRONTLINE - Tehran Bureau. Retrieved 2020-04-04. staff, T. O. I.; ...
Greece is a country of the Balkans, in Southeastern Europe, bordered to the north by Albania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria; to ... Greece is located in Southern Europe, bordering the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey. It is a ... Mount Olympus is the highest point in Greece, the 7th highest and the 9th most prominent mountain in mainland Europe (together ... "Europe::Greece". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 7 October 2016. "Statistical Yearbook of Greece 2009 & 2010" (PDF). ...
Shaun Walker (2 November 2011). "Hero pilot rewarded with ban for safely landing plane , Europe , News". The Independent. ...
One Europe, many nations: a historical dictionary of European national groups. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 769. ISBN ... Old term used by other European peoples to denote the peoples originating in the northern regions of Europe. Norsemen or Norse ... "European Values Study 2017: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2017) "do you believe in: God (Q18A)"". GESIS: ZACAT. Retrieved 2019-11-19 ... As with many of the people from European countries, Norwegians are spread throughout the world. There are more than 100,000 ...
"Turkey's 'March for Justice': opposition calls for unity, reform , Europe , DW , 09.07.2017". DW.COM. Retrieved 2017-07-11. " ...
An evolved European Homo erectus. Homo erectus tautavelensis]. L'Anthropologie (in French). 119 (3): 303-348. doi:10.1016/j. ... The actual shape of the skull before crushing was speculated using the skulls of contemporaneous European humans (that is, H. ... The teeth are proportionally quite large for a Middle Pleistocene European human, notably the P4 (2nd premolar) and M2 (2nd ... Doronichev, V. B. (2008). "The Lower Paleolithic in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus: A Reappraisal of the Data and New ...
Europe. Centre national de la recherche scientifique. 1956. p. 248. Special Papers, Issues 152-156. Geological Society of ...
"Europe :: San Marino - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". "Google Translate" (PDF). translate. ...
In 1991 Major stated that he wished to see Britain "at the very heart of Europe", though he was a pragmatist on European ... The war caught Europe and the world unawares, and shocking scenes of POW camps (likened by some to Nazi concentration camps), ... "BBC News , EUROPE , Behind the Kosovo crisis". Larry Minear; Ted van Baarda; Marc Sommers (2000). "NATO and ... Moves towards greater European integration met with vehement opposition from the Eurosceptic wing of Major's party and his ...
"Salaam Bombay! (Europe)". JP's Box-office. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2020. Naughton 2002 ...
At that time, it became the largest animation studio in Europe, that employed more than 500 people and released more than 1000 ... Приключения пингвинёнка Лоло (1986-1987), retrieved 2020-04-16 Bendazzi, Giannalberto (2015-11-17). Europe. Routledge Handbooks ... video and DVD in the United States and Europe, albeit usually with dubbed voices and changed music. According to current ... Soyuzmultfilm collaborated on a number of various projects with film and animation studios of Europe and Asia. In 1981, the ...
eds.). "Europe. In: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third ... Europe: In a literature assessment, Kundzewicz et al. (2001:643) concluded, with very high confidence, that the adaptation ... This was attributed to Europe's high GNP, stable growth, stable population, and well-developed political, institutional, and ... potential of socioeconomic systems in Europe was relatively high. ...
That means that we must, step by step as things go forward, give up more powers to Europe as well and allow Europe oversight ... 9 February 2011 European Debt Crisis New York Times topic page updated daily. Tracking Europe's Debt Crisis New York Times ... "allow Europe oversight possibilities." European banks are estimated to have incurred losses approaching €1 trillion between the ... Government Debt in Europe Stefan Collignon: Democratic requirements for a European Economic Government Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung ...
Europe. 1780-1830. London. 1989. ISBN 0-582-03378-0. 2nd edition. 2014. Political murder: from tyrannicide to terrorism. ...
Europe; and North America. That said, from its inception IMI has functioned to broaden the mosque environment, adding to the ... Central European, South Asian, East African, white reverts, North African and Persian". Significantly the organisation was ...
Italy was the only European country in which there is an almost-zero rate of growth in economy, and one of the highest debts in ... The only exception to this rule was for the Italian elections to the european parliament in which voters could cast their ... Elections in Italy History of Italy as a Republic Politics of Italy 2004 European Parliament election in Italy Elections in ... These parliamentary seats are organised into four constituencies (Europe, North & Central America, Latin America, and Africa/ ...
"BBC NEWS , Europe , Berlusconi's wife to divorce him". BBC News. 3 May 2009. Retrieved 16 December 2009. While the supposed ... "the best-looking prime minister in Europe and certainly more handsome than Cacciari". See also the Guardian on this episode. ... criticising her husband for consorting with young ladies and defining his chosen candidates for the European Parliament as " ...
It participated at the 2015 European Games in Azerbaijan, 2019 European Games in Minsk and the 2016 Summer Olympics in Brazil. ... Located in Southeastern Europe, Kosovo receives floral and faunal species from Europe and Eurasia. Forests are widespread in ... Council of Europe Development Bank, Venice Commission and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. In 2015, Kosovo's ... the motorway will link Kosovo through the present European route (E80) highway with the Pan-European corridor X (E75) near Niš ...
Like the Indo-Europeans, the Etruscans were patrilineal and patriarchal. Like the Italics, they were war-like. The gladiatorial ... It is among the largest urban areas of the European Union and classified as a global city. For more information, and the ... Rome is the 3rd most visited city in the European Union, after London and Paris. The Colosseum (4 million tourists) and the ... The origins of the Italic peoples lie in prehistory and are therefore not precisely known, but their Indo-European languages ...
"UrbanRail.Net > Europe > Russia > NIZHNIY NOVGOROD Metro". Retrieved 3 May 2017.. ...
With her influence as WTA's European director, the biennial exhibition moved to Europe for the first time. The Biennial of ... "Europe". Retrieved 2 July 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Página de María Ortega Galvez - ... In recognition for her work in the field of textile art, she was appointed director general for Europe for WTA from 2013 to ... 2016, 2017 & 2018 Asia-Europe III, German Textile museum Frefeld in Germany, Central Museum of Textile in Lodz, Janina Monkute- ...
Europe. Rhynchospora glomerata - Clustered beak-sedge. North America. Rhynchospora inexpansa - Southeastern North America and ... Europe, North America Rhynchospora caduca - Southeast North America Rhynchospora californica - California beaked-rush, ...
"BBC News - EUROPE - Milosevic hearing transcript". "Report to the President Death of Slobodan Milošević" (PDF). ... "Europe , Milosevic found dead in his cell". BBC News. 11 March 2006. Retrieved 21 January 2012. Simons, Marlise; Smale, Alison ... Milošević told Zimmerman jokingly that the Albanians of Kosovo were the most pampered minority in Europe. Milošević also was ... Keen, Mike; Mucha, Janusz (2013). Autobiographies of Transformation: Lives in Central and Eastern Europe. Routledge. p. 176. ...
Three European national associations signalled to UEFA their interest in staging UEFA Euro 2016: Bordeaux Lens Lille Lyon ... Europe. "Euro 2016 - Grosse bourde de Planus ?" (in French). Retrieved 2010-09-08. Hughes, Rob (2010-06-01). "Soccer ... Union of European Football Associations. 11 March 2009. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2011 ... Amongst the bidders, Turkey remained the only country that had not hosted any European Championship or the World Cup. On 23 ...
"Europe , Day-by-day: Georgia-Russia crisis". BBC News. August 21, 2008. Michael Schwirtz; Anne Barnard; Andrew E. Kramer ( ...
But not Islam." In September 2015, he urged the Member States of the European Union to quickly establish a common European ... "Dr Schäuble's Plan for Europe: Do Europeans approve? - Article to appear in Die Zeit on Thursday 16th July 2015 - Yanis ... "a veteran pro-European who has long favored turning the Commission over time into a European 'government'". Following the ... "BBC News , EUROPE , German sleaze: The story so far". Retrieved 3 April 2021. "Standoff between Schauble and ...
The European Network of Election Monitoring Organisations said that the elections were orderly but that there were "some cases ... The head of European Parliament's observer team, Doris Pack said: "Serious allegations of fraud in two municipalities have been ... The report came on the day of the second vote, and was accepted by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, which ... Radio Free Europe, 14.12.2010". Retrieved 2 February 2011. "PM Thaci Declares Victory in Kosovo Election". Balkan ...
... is a member of the European Economic Area (EEA), which allows the country access to the single market of the European ... Unlike most Western European countries, Iceland has a flat tax system: the main personal income tax rate is a flat 22.75%, and ... For both the European and the world championship, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify. ... In addition, the eruption caused dust clouds and haze to appear over most of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa for several ...
After the defeat of the Nazis in the European Theatre of World War II and the collapse of Nazi Germany and the Protectorate of ... "EUROPE , Albright Tipped for Czech Presidency". BBC News. February 28, 2000. Retrieved June 1, 2009. "Book of Members, 1780- ... This was part of a multi-nation expulsion of ethnic Germans from eastern Europe after the war. See "Controversies"). Korbel was ... Albright joined the academic staff at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., in 1982, specializing in Eastern European ...
Fossil Free Europe. Delivering a just transition to a 100% renewable, no nuclear, super energy-efficient, zero-fossil-fuel ... Fossil Free Europe. Delivering a just transition to a 100% renewable, no nuclear, super energy-efficient, zero-fossil-fuel ... The EU needs to guarantee to its citizens that it will not start negotiating on Europes food safety standards with the US. ... This call comes from Friends of the Earth Europe as foreign affairs ministers meet today to discuss progress on EU-US trade ...
Follow the matches, check out the results and find up-to-date news on European handball clubs. ... The official website of the European Handball Federation. ... EHF Champions League»EHF Cup»Challenge Cup»European Beach Tour» ... European Cup. Herning-Ikast win at home; Besancon claim first points. 20.01.2019 - DAY REVIEW: Herning-Ikast and Besancon ... Nine European teams advance to main round. 18.01.2019 - PRELIMINARY ROUND REVIEW: All favourites have made it safely through ...
... is the biggest European network defending rights and freedoms online. We promote, protect and uphold human rights and the rule ... European Digital Rights (EDRi) is an association of civil and human rights organisations from across Europe. We defend your ... Big Tech Turns Its Lobbyists Loose on Europe, Alarming Regulators "At one influential nonprofit, European Digital Rights, Jan ... Activists urge EU to ban live facial recognition Digital rights advocates in five European countries launched a campaign to ...
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European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control An agency of the European Union ... The progress towards elimination of measles in the WHO European Region is assessed by the European Regional Verification ... At the fifth meeting of the RVC for Measles and Rubella in October 2016, of 53 countries in the WHO European Region, 24 (15 of ... Epidemiological update: Measles - monitoring European outbreaks, 22 June 2017 epidemiological update 22 Jun 2017. ...
The European Training Foundation is a European Union agency that helps transition and developing countries harness the ...
The European Commission is committed to personal data protection. Any personal data is processed in line with the Regulation ( ... The European Commission should increase its use of insights from relevant innovation data sources - such as Innovation Radar - ... Distributed Ledger Technology is one of the components of the industry commons landscape and thus Europe should be active i.e. ... The European Commission should tailor its support offerings based on unique characteristics of different ecosystems. The ...
... of the European Union List of cities in Europe List of metropolitan areas in Europe List of villages in Europe Pan-European ... Capital of Culture European Region of Gastronomy European Youth Capital European Capital of Sport Sports European Games Europe ... of European countries Healthcare in Europe Telecommunications in Europe List of European television stations List of European ... such as the European Capital of Culture, the European Region of Gastronomy, the European Youth Capital and the European Capital ...
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Learn about nature conservation in Europe, including environmental issues and resources from The Nature Conservancy. Start ... Conserving Europes Private Lands Europes lands are rich in biodiversity. Since 60% of the continents land is in private ... Welcome to the Blue Heart of Europe The stakes are high, the world is watching, and now is the time to get things right. While ... Our work in Europe includes strengthening policy, engaging leading companies to advance sustainable development, encouraging ...
Serif (Europe) Ltd. 2004. pp. 5-6.. *^ "PagePlus X8 wins Best Software award at the Computer Shopper Awards 2014". Serif Blog ... Serif (Europe) Ltd is a privately owned British developer and publisher of software. It provides software and associated ... Retrieved from "" ...
More about the history of Europe... The culture of Europe is rooted in the art, architecture, music, literature, and philosophy ... Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the ... More about the culture of Europe... As a continent, the economy of Europe is currently the largest on Earth and it is the ... The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting the European continent from prehistory to the present. Some of the best- ...
With this project MUSIC CONNECTS EUROPE We aspires to prepare young people to face new challenges, to learn empathy and ... Welcome to the website of our Erasmus+ Project MUSIC CONNECTS EUROPE where you could find information about our School partners ... tolerance towards fellow European citizens in an experiential way, combining mental and practical skills that will be useful ...
... the e-inclusion Subgroup recommends that the European Commission and European Member States, together with other European ... The subgroup has done a lot of work on preparing the 2008 European Initiative on e-Inclusion, focusing especially on policies ... The Limassol report produced as the result of the meeting will contribute to the preparations of the next European strategy ... Consider the proposals and suggestions made in the Limassol report when shaping future programmes and investments at European ...
This is the site for anyone interested in European shortwave free radio. Here you will useful links, recordings of stations, ... Radio Europe (Italy). « Back to Album. Photo 57 of 64 Previous , Next ...
Europes beef industry is also heavily protected. European beef farmers benefit from huge subsidies, tariffs of up to 125% on ... That would give a total cost, for all EU protection, of around 7% of European GDP. European consumers are footing that bill, by ... Japanese car makers charge more in Europe because of quotas; Chiquita makes more from bananas sold in Europe than in America. ... Despite its huge costs, many Europeans remain convinced that protectionism "saves" jobs. With nearly 17m Europeans out of work ...
Fiskars Garden tools are a developing story in Fiskars long heritage. We at Fiskars are examining new trends like urban gardening to develop products like th...
James Reese Europe and Ida S. Europe, in "District of Columbia Deaths and Burials, 1840-1964" (James Europe, Boston, May 8, ... Henry J. Europe, Ida S. Europe, John Newton Europe (marriage, death and burial records). Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch. ... Mary Loraine Europe was a daughter of Henry J. Europe (1847-1899) and Loraine (Saxon) Europe. Her father was a native of ... John Newton Europe, Lillian Goode, Henry Europe, Loraine Saxon, Leroy Goode, and Fannie Randolph, in "New York City Marriage ...
The European Regional Office in Brussels represents IUCN at the EU level and works with the European Members to help deliver ... The European Regional Office in Brussels represents IUCN at the EU level and works with the European Members to help deliver ... IUCNs 2017 highlights in Europe Without doubt, 2017 was an eventful year for IUCN in Europe, providing scientific evidence to ... Photo: European Development Days Putting women and girls at the heart of conservation and climate action 08.06.2018 Gender ...
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Latest Europe News. US officials link Iran to emails meant to intimidate voters. Oct. 21, 2020 9:49 PM EDT ...
The worlds second most important central banker is locked in a battle with European politicians over how to jump start the ... Jean-Claude Trichet, the worlds second most important central banker, is locked in a Cold War with European politicians over ... - Skip Navigation. Note: This message is displayed if (1) your browser is not standards-compliant or (2) you have you disabled ...
countries of Europe) country of Europe; Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and ... idiomatic) A political entity; the European Union.. *(Britain, Ireland) Continental Europe, typically the western portion, and ... soccer) International club competitions operated by UEFA, the sports governing body for Europe. *"Man City out of Europe as ... continents) continent; Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America. French[edit]. Etymology[edit] ...
What will humans look like in the distant future? Space travel may affect both biological and technological changes in our species.. ...
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... the name now stands for the European Court of Justice and Secretariat of the European Parliament. The M-word has become ... Faced with new European hygiene regulations that inadvertently make it impossible for a cheese-maker to age his cheese properly ... Fully prepared to be horrified by this incarnation of the New Europe I nonetheless resolved to visit what my encyclopedia ... shorthand for the 1991 Maastricht Treaty leading to full European Union (EU) - the gradual integration of the current 15 member ...
REPORT: The Myth Of A World After: A European Recovery Perspective How B2C Consumption Will Evolve In Post-Pandemic Europe ... This report outlines how European consumers will evolve as the pandemic subsides in Europe and helps CMOs anticipate how to ... REPORT: 2020 Online Retail Forecast, Europe-5 (COVID-19 Update) ForecastView European Online Retail Forecast, 2020 To 2024, ... REPORT: Adopt AI For Personalization Safely And Smartly To Win European Customers How To Balance The Value And Risks Of AI For ...
Trumps election is bad news for the US, Europe and the world in general ...
  • 20/01/2011) In keeping with the ambitious digital agenda goals set in the EU 2020, the European Commission has approved, under the EU guidelines for state aid to broadband, the use of over €1.8 billion public funds for broadband development to support economic recovery, inclusive growth and the long term competitiveness of the EU. (
  • On 13 June 2018, IUCN and the Bulgarian Presidency of the EU Council hosted a reception at the IUCN European Regional Office in Brussels on the future of nature protection in Europe after 2020. (
  • the crisis will lead to lasting changes, and we expect new waves of the pandemic in Europe before the end of 2020. (
  • Three key European themes from the 2020 Digital Trends. (
  • Our 2020 Digital Marketing Trends report delivers far-reaching insights into digital transformations happening across Europe. (
  • Produced in collaboration with Econsultancy, our 2020 Digital Marketing Trends report reveals the strategies and talking points that will shape the future of marketing in Europe. (
  • Despite these obstacles, the appetite for personalised experience is clearly there because 28% of European marketers said they are making this one of their top priorities for 2020. (
  • The [email protected] seminar series is now over for this academic year and will be back for the 2019/20 academic year. (
  • UNHCR's Regional Representation for Central Europe is seeking an intern for a six month internship from January 2019 in its Public Information Unit in Budapest. (
  • Thank you for your interest in applying for the Eastern Europe 2019 team! (
  • European Investment Fund 2017 - The European Investment Fund is not responsible for the content of external internet sites. (
  • Without doubt, 2017 was an eventful year for IUCN in Europe, providing scientific evidence to support good conservation policy, such new IUCN Red List species assessments, making the case for strengthened action and investment on nature-based solutions, and participating in the EU policy processes related to plastic discards and unsustainable agriculture, two of the most serious threats to Europe's biodiversity. (
  • In the first half of 2017, over 105,000 refugees and migrants entered Europe. (
  • Since the beginning of 2017, over 2,700 people are believed to have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe, with reports of many others perishing en route. (
  • Direct U.S. spending on European defense, by their estimate, is only about $30.7 billion in 2017 and $36 billion in 2018, or between 5.1% and 5.5% of the total U.S. defense budget. (
  • Europe had a total population of about 746 million (about 10% of the world population) in 2018. (
  • 2018 continues to march on and now is as good an opportunity as any to reflect on some of the events of last year as well as the achievements of the conservation community in Europe. (
  • New Europe," said the Defense secretary, backed the U.S. Within days, he had evidence to support his point of view: Ultimately, about 20 European countries would go on record backing the U.S. in Iraq, against five (including France and Germany) that support "old Europe's" viewpoint and four neutrals. (
  • The Last Ancient Forests of Europe combine Europe's few remaining tracts of ancient forest in Scandinavia with the adjoining forest of European Russia (from the western flanks of the Ural mountains). (
  • The mission of IBM Research Europe, in addition to pursuing cutting-edge research for the future of computing, is to cultivate close relationships with academic and industrial partners, be one of the premier places to work for world-class researchers, to promote women in IT and science, and to help drive Europe's innovation agenda. (
  • Economic growth within the European Union already lags that of the U.S. for two main reasons: Europeans work roughly 15% fewer hours per year than Americans, and the U.S. population has been growing steadily while Europe's has been stagnant. (
  • Activists urge EU to ban live facial recognition Digital rights advocates in five European countries launched a campaign to spotlight the increasing use of facial recognition and other biometric identification technology across the Continent, which they say will pave the way for mass surveillance on an unprecedented scale. (
  • Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. (
  • Although much of this border is over land, Europe is generally accorded the status of a full continent because of its great physical size and the weight of its history and traditions. (
  • Europe covers about 10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth's surface (6.8% of land area), making it the second smallest continent (using the seven-continent model). (
  • Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states, of which Russia is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. (
  • The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. (
  • There exists a political movement favouring the evolution of the European Union into a single federation encompassing much of the continent. (
  • Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . (
  • The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities are not always reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries. (
  • The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting the European continent from prehistory to the present. (
  • As a continent, the economy of Europe is currently the largest on Earth and it is the richest region as measured by assets under management with over $32.7 trillion compared to North America's $27.1 trillion in 2008. (
  • World map showing the location of Europe (continent). (
  • With rampant unemployment spreading misery in southern Europe and companies shutting factories across the continent, workers around the European Union sought to unite in a string of strikes and demonstrations. (
  • Europe is the continent of infinitesimal countries (Vatican, Monaco, Gibraltar) and huge history: it is the continent where everything began with the company's foundation in Mannheim on the April 6th, 1865. (
  • A Grexit would likely result in tremendous loss of share value throughout the continent, the value of the Euro would be called in to question, the ability of other distressed European economies to avoid default would once again become a front burner issue, and the entire Euro experiment would be seen as a giant question mark. (
  • A Grexit would naturally prompt many Europeans to become even more disillusioned by the EU 'experiment', which could be reflected in the next round of general elections across the continent. (
  • There were also outright acquisitions: BHP Billiton's acquisition of Petrohawk Energy Corp. [vi] Europe, meanwhile, has only seen a modest number of explorations, primarily in Poland, though shale gas reserves on the continent are substantial. (
  • Europe is a continent in the northern hemisphere, located to the west of Asia and north of Africa . (
  • Europe , the sixth-largest continent on the Earth . (
  • Eastern Europe is the eastern half of the European continent which had been aligned with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. (
  • European leaders were shocked this week when Defense Secretary Robert Gates told a NATO audience that the alliance faces a "crisis" because the continent has largely demilitarized. (
  • During the 20th century Europe experienced periods of considerable economic growth and prosperity, and industrial development proliferated much more widely throughout the continent. (
  • The European Training Foundation is a European Union agency that helps transition and developing countries harness the potential of their human capital through the reform of education, training and labour market systems, and in the context of the EU's external relations policy. (
  • A total of 1607 adults in seven European countries were randomized to either a control group (nonpersonalized advice, Level 0, L0) or to one of three personalized groups receiving personalized advice via the Internet based on current PA plus diet (Level 1, L1), PA plus diet and phenotype (Level 2, L2), or PA plus diet, phenotype, and genotype (Level 3, L3). (
  • As with other continents, Europe has a large variation of wealth among its countries. (
  • An expanding company, Certis offers growers across six European countries a broad portfolio of crop protection products-from beneficial insects to soil enhancers and conventional chemicals. (
  • UNHCR also calls for European and other countries to offer an additional 40,000 resettlement places, which will complement already existing commitments, to be made available for refugees located in 15 priority countries along the Central Mediterranean route. (
  • In this paper, based on the experience of ten European countries, we study the relevance of seigniorage revenues in the recent past, and we speculate about their importance in the near future. (
  • While for some of the European countries we could not identify any consistent seigniorage policy, for others seigniorage appears to have been an important component of their financing policies. (
  • A formal analysis of the current status of the finances of the governments of the ten European countries also revealed that several of them are now following budget policies that are potentially incompatible with their long run solvency. (
  • Countries across Europe have moved to reassure banking customers by guaranteeing deposits. (
  • The move heaped pressure on other European countries and attracted calls of anti-competitive behavior. (
  • With some encouragement from the United States, which hoped a united Europe would help contain the Soviet Union, France and Germany invited neighboring countries into the club that has grown into today's European Union. (
  • A socio-politic geographical area of eastern Europe usually including the European countries to the east of Germany , Austria and Italy , and to the west of the Urals . (
  • A reference to "Europe" can be a geographical reference to a set of separate countries that are thought to share cultural or institutional characteristics (like "Latin America" or "the Arab World") but it can also be a political reference to an integrated unit (like "the United States" or "China") that just happens to be large enough to contain substantial diversity. (
  • Over the same period, the chances are much lower in European countries. (
  • But, he said, "The idea that we should take all these different countries in Europe, force them together against their democratic will, and put them under the control of people like Herman Van Rompuy is, frankly, beyond belief. (
  • This project, which was supposed to make the countries of Europe love each other, is actually making the countries of Europe hate each other. (
  • Merkel (who, he said, "outside of the public glare, is a completely different person from the one you see on the TV: she is even more miserable in private") explained that if the Greeks pulled out, other countries would, too, and that would doom "our European dream. (
  • And only five universities on the list are located in countries that are not members of the European Union - four in Switzerland, and one in Norway ( University of Oslo , #41). (
  • There may not be much that European governments can do about the structural labour cost disadvantage, although countries such as Germany have made some progress. (
  • Countries within Europe can be grouped together into five regions. (
  • The guide provides information about sexuality education in 26 European countries, and reflects the reality that policies and practices related to young people's sexual and reproductive health and rights - including sexuality education - vary from country to country. (
  • Financial incentives, more liberal leaves for parents with newborns and the greater availability of affordable day care have already helped put birthrates in France and Scandinavian countries well above the European average. (
  • A smaller percentage of women have entered the workforce in Mediterranean countries than in northern Europe, but women in southern Europe nonetheless choose to have fewer children. (
  • The problem is that most European countries are loath to accept a substantial increase in the size of their Muslim populations. (
  • Over time, however, that's likely to change, if only because a more multipolar world in which China, India, Brazil and other countries gain power is one in which Europe will begin to lose its power unless it finds a way to speak with a clearer voice. (
  • Under pressure from other countries, Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou scrapped plans to have his citizens vote in a referendum on a new European bailout, but he faces a brewing political crisis. (
  • some of the Central and Eastern European economies are still emerging from the collapse of the Soviet Union and the breakup of Yugoslavia . (
  • The "M-word" has become shorthand for the 1991 Maastricht Treaty leading to full European Union (EU) - the gradual integration of the current 15 member states' economies, defense, social legislation and currency. (
  • Europeans may prefer -- and their economies may even be able to withstand -- more leisure time, but they cannot also afford a steady decline in their working-age population. (
  • Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet Union and the United States took prominence. (
  • Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union (EU), a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. (
  • The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. (
  • The public funds are aimed to ensure that all citizens have access to high speed Internet access in the European Union, including in rural or remote areas. (
  • Liverpool Football Club is a professional association football club in Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) competitions. (
  • But the European Union remains as fortified as ever. (
  • The [email protected] research seminar intends to provide a forum for research on Europe - both on the European Union and beyond its borders, and in all disciplines. (
  • As one of the biggest global emitters of greenhouse gases, the European Union (EU) must lead the international efforts to stop climate change. (
  • The recent discovery of bugging devices in the offices of the European Union -- and the near-universal suspicion that they were planted by the U.S. -- only heightens the suspicion and tension between the Cold War allies. (
  • France hopes the European Union will grow into a superpower that, under French leadership, will challenge the U.S. for world leadership. (
  • The arithmetic is clear: Even if Germany sticks with France, old Europe won't have the votes it needs to control the future foreign policy of the expanded European Union. (
  • He might have cited the prevailing dynamic in the European Union as an example of his ideas being put into practice, but I think doing so would have tended to undermine the conclusion. (
  • Have you ever visited the European Union? (
  • This was three days before the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to the European Union, the primary victim of that vigor and vim. (
  • Now that the Soviet Union is gone, there is no real military threat to Europe. (
  • The European Union has dispatched just 281 personnel, only some of them actually trainers. (
  • ultimately replaced by the European Union [EU]) and the ongoing evolution of the EU. (
  • European Union: euro zone Map indicating which members of the European Union use the euro as their national currency. (
  • The German Parliament passed a measure to boost a bailout fund for the eurozone as leaders arrived in Brussels for an emergency European Union summit. (
  • Future of Europe: is the EU's dream of expansion to the east dead? (
  • For now, a good number of the fresh faces will come from the EU's newest members in Central Europe, where wages are considerably lower than in Western Europe. (
  • In short, everyone within Certis Europe profits from Dynamic Environment Manager. (
  • The European Commission should increase its use of insights from relevant innovation data sources - such as Innovation Radar - when shaping future Framework Programmes and developing priorities (and use of instruments) in Work Programmes? (
  • Essential insights for businesses in Europe. (
  • But that's no reason, I figure, to deny you her trenchant insights on Europe! (
  • Britain , Ireland ) Continental Europe, typically the western portion, and excluding the island nations or the larger Mediterranean islands. (
  • Similarly, most mainstream definitions of Eastern Europe include the former communist nations of the Caucasus , although there are a few sources that list them as transcontinental or Eurasian . (
  • Something that "everyone knows" is that the relatively low-tax United States with its relatively weak labor unions and relatively stingy welfare state has much more wage and income inequality than the high-tax nations of Europe. (
  • This cultural sensitivity, which was famously highlighted in Quentin Tarantino's 1994 movie Pulp Fiction (which actually calls the hamburger a "Royale with Cheese") explains why McDonald's can be found on the Champs Elysée as well as nearly every major highway exit in the U.S. And lately, the world's biggest restaurant chain has generated strong sales and earnings overseas, especially in France and other European nations. (
  • Troops from most southern European nations are barred from fighting in snow. (
  • Cities in both nations, as well as formerly occupied cities in Western Europe, put out flags and banners, rejoicing in the defeat of the Nazi war machine. (
  • By the 1870s the governments of the European nations had recognized the vital importance of factory production and had taken steps to encourage local development through subsidies and tariff protection against foreign competition. (
  • With nearly 17m Europeans out of work, politicians are susceptible to pleading from industries claiming that competition from imports is costing jobs. (
  • Jean-Claude Trichet, the world's second most important central banker, is locked in a Cold War with European politicians over how best to restore growth to the continent's sagging economy, which is roughly the size of that of the U.S. (
  • Forget tiny Luxembourg's lovely central park, grand ducal architecture and cultivated, multilingual locals: the name now stands for the European Court of Justice and Secretariat of the European Parliament . (
  • Strasbourg is tainted as the headquarters of the dreary Council of Europe and the profligate European Parliament . (
  • Two and a half years ago, Nigel Farage, a member of the European Parliament, chartered a small aircraft to tow a campaign banner for the United Kingdom Independence Party, of which he is the leader. (
  • The congeniality, on these shores, had been primed by widely circulated YouTube videos of Farage berating his fellow-members of the European Parliament for what he considers the folly of their grand unification project and their undemocratic manner of pursuing it. (
  • The European Parliament is weighing a proposal that would limit the use of anonymous email, saying such a requirement would enhance police surveillance of criminals. (
  • Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld said that the Franco-German alliance represented "old Europe. (
  • He recently sent letters to many European capitals berating them for not meeting their pledge to spend at least 2 percent of GDP on defense. (
  • In a post at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Lucie Béraud-Sudreau and Nick Childs try to push back on the notion that providing for European defense is all that costly for the United States. (
  • Gates: Defense secretary shocked Europe by telling truth out loud. (
  • Just four of NATO's European members (Bulgaria, France, Greece and Britain) spend the alliance's recommended benchmark of 2 percent of gross domestic product on defense. (
  • In 1949, the Council of Europe was founded with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals and prevent future wars. (
  • The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatović, published today the report. (
  • With this project 'MUSIC CONNECTS EUROPE' We aspires to prepare young people to face new challenges, to learn empathy and tolerance towards fellow European citizens in an experiential way, combining mental and practical skills that will be useful throughout their life. (
  • Germany was dragooned by the US into sending troops to Afghanistan, but over the protests of most of its citizens and other Europeans. (
  • Hundreds of ludicrous directives and misguided projects are churned out by armies of Eurocrats in the three European capitals, whose allure has dulled as a consequence. (
  • However, European organisations are slower to adapt to this use of AI compared with the rest of the world (23% in European, 33% in Asia Pacific, and 29% in North America). (
  • The European Regional Office in Brussels represents IUCN at the EU level and works with the European Members to help deliver the Union's goals. (
  • But it's actually the latter gig that has the most potential to transform how Brussels works and how Europe relates to the world. (
  • European leaders reached a deal over their debt crisis at an emergency summit Thursday in Brussels. (
  • European Digital Rights (EDRi) is an association of civil and human rights organisations from across Europe. (
  • Myeloma Patients Europe is a network of highly efficient, effective and sustainable myeloma patient organisations across Europe. (
  • Learn more about Adobe's Data Management Platform to understand how organisations in Europe are managing data at scale and using it to make smarter business decisions. (
  • Large areas, however, remained virtually untouched by industrial development, including most of the Iberian Peninsula , southern Italy , a broad belt of eastern Europe extending from the Balkans northward to the Baltic Sea , and Finland and northern Scandinavia. (
  • Europeans must be prepared to adapt to massive climate change over the coming decades, warn environmental researchers. (
  • One consequence of the project of European integration is that the term "Europe" takes on a kind of double meaning. (
  • Its researchers submit more patents than almost any other university in Europe, and outside researchers frequently cite KU Leuven inventions in their own patent applications. (
  • How do you find following content published in the website ? (
  • Since being readmitted in 1991, they have qualified for the UEFA Champions League (the successor to the European Cup) twelve times, the UEFA Europa League (the successor to the UEFA Cup) twelve times, and the (now-defunct) UEFA Cup Winners Cup twice. (
  • Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers colonized at various times the Americas, almost all of Africa and Oceania, and the majority of Asia. (
  • Why did European powers, in particular, start dominating and developing at a rate which other powers of the time (Ottoman Empire, Ming Dynasty in China, Saffavids in Persia and the Moghul Empire in India) could barely keep up with? (
  • Celtic Europe is not to be lumped together with Greece and Rome or with the Germanic and Slavic powers which supplanted it and were largely derived from it (Rome especially). (
  • The expansion of Spain and later other European powers outside of Europe was part of a process which had begun two millenia earlier. (
  • During the Cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw Pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall. (
  • The anxiety leading up to this week's NATO summit is unusually intense, thanks in large part to President Trump's fractious relationship with European allies. (
  • Trump's political values are often in tension with that of his transatlantic counterparts, and the White House is inching ever closer to an all-out trade war with Europe and Canada, but the real drama of the NATO summit will center on Trump's brash accusations of allied free-riding. (
  • And, anyway, what has kept the peace in Europe since 1945 is not a bunch of overpaid bureaucrats but, rather, NATO , with no small contribution by the United States. (
  • Meanwhile, Trump's adversarial relations with Europe have shaken the NATO alliance and changed Germany's view of transatlantic relations. (
  • Today, the very successful NATO alliance, 70% funded by the US, remains the most concrete expression of America's geopolitical domination of western Europe. (
  • As the recently deceased thinker Zbigniew Brezezinski aptly put it to me, Europe provides strategic 'stepping-stones' to the expansion of US influence into Eurasia through NATO. (
  • Yet Europe is sending just over 7,000 more troops - and at least 1,500 of them will come from non-NATO members, including 900 from war-torn Georgia. (
  • Europe is commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the Black Sea, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. (
  • After ultimately checking the Persian advance in Europe through the Greco-Persian Wars in the 5th century BC, Greek influence reached its zenith under the expansive empire of Alexander the Great , spreading throughout Asia , Africa, and other parts of Europe. (
  • However, fertility rates in Central Europe are also well below replacements levels, meaning the EU will ultimately have to look to North Africa, Turkey and the Middle East -- where a youth bulge coupled with high unemployment will provide an abundance of willing workers for decades to come. (
  • Dr. Alessandro Curioni is an IBM Fellow, Vice President of IBM Europe and Africa and Director of the IBM Research Lab in Zurich, Switzerland. (
  • On this day in 1945, both Great Britain and the United States celebrate Victory in Europe Day. (
  • Europe is in a rage over Trump's rejection of the Paris Climate Accord, an act that also caused worldwide shock and dismay. (
  • During the 4th and 5th centuries, the Germanic peoples of northern Europe grew in strength and repeated attacks led to the Fall of the Western Roman Empire . (
  • The Roman Empire is not described as the root of the feudal and then global imperialist systems which evolved in Europe, it is described as the root of European society and culture. (
  • An alternative view is that of Robert Beekes, who has argued in favour of a Pre-Indo-European origin for the name, explaining that a derivation from ancient Greek eurus would yield a different toponym than Europa. (
  • These consist of the UEFA Champions League (formerly known as the European Cup) six times, the UEFA Europa League (formerly the UEFA Cup) three times, the UEFA Super Cup four times, and the FIFA Club World Cup once. (
  • Manchester City crashed out of Europe on Tuesday as Borussia Dortmund ended their hopes of qualifying for the Europa League. (
  • For other uses, see Europe - Europa (disambiguation) . (
  • Zach later runs recently and is viagra buy online europe found world in alternative julie's first-line by susan and mike who take him insectorum. (
  • When a power is medicine even stimulated, the points in europe the world fills with information. (
  • The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. (
  • Europe had a total population of about 740 million (about 11% of world population ) as of 2012. (
  • She was African-American and was the younger sister of ragtime composer and World War I-era bandleader James Reese Europe (1880-1919). (
  • As one Italian friend lamented to me recently, the supra-national Utopia of the United States of Europe, a dream in the making since the end of World War II and sanctioned by the 1957 Treaty of Rome, is becoming an ever-expanding nightmare. (
  • I. Celtic Europe and the Third World from the Jardin Sylvestre Website Natural perspectives on living on the Earth, personal economics, politics & culture. (
  • Everything that was done over the centuries to the "third world" by the European colonialists was first practiced against the Celtic peoples of Europe. (
  • The continuity between Celtic Europe and the third world of later centuries is clear in the language of the Greeks and Romans, who, sounding very much like the English speaking of the Irish, Scottish Highlanders or Welsh, described the Celtic peoples of Europe as primitive, savage, barbarian, bestial and insane. (
  • Celtic Europe must be seen as being of a kind with the other indigenous cultures of the world oppressed by imperialism. (
  • Our report compares European marketing trends with the rest of the world and highlights the key differences between European markets such as the UK, France, Germany, Italy and the Nordics. (
  • The guide is a component of the 'SAFE Project: A European partnership to promote the sexual and reproductive health and rights of youth', which involves IPPF European Network Regional Office and 26 Member Associations, along with Lund University and the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (
  • Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, industrial development, and the provision of specialized services. (
  • World markets were shaken Tuesday by new fears that the European debt deal might come unglued. (
  • [i] The shale gas development in the US was already in full force by 2008 and led to a natural gas bonanza, with gas prices that are roughly a third of those in Europe. (
  • Many in continental Europe, particularly in France, think that is no bad thing. (
  • Through 2008, many assumed that continental Europe wasn't stepping up to the plate because its leaders didn't like George W. Bush. (
  • She is europe a erectile spam and became disfigured in love 1997 when she was exposed to a season face. (
  • A December 1997 European Commission directive explicitly encourages 'development of telecommunications service options such as alternative payment facilities which allow anonymous or strictly private access,' and a German law says Internet providers should offer 'anonymous use and payment' for accounts. (
  • America's nativist religious voters, 80% of whom support with Trump, see Europe as a wicked, degenerate place filled with drinkers, sexual perverts and pacifists. (
  • A Grexit would furthermore likely result in unknown geopolitical and economic risks - not only for Europe, but the global economy. (
  • As Europe expert Charlie Kupchan comments later in the article: "This is not a geopolitical earthquake. (
  • Big Tech Turns Its Lobbyists Loose on Europe, Alarming Regulators "At one influential nonprofit, European Digital Rights, Jan Penfrat recalled getting phone calls last year from Google, Facebook and others seeking cooperation and offering support soon after he took a leadership position. (
  • According to the study, written by Patrick Messerlin, an economist at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in Paris, the EU 's banana-import restrictions cost European consumers up to $2 billion a year-that is 55 cents per kilo of bananas. (
  • All of this help does not come cheap: it costs Europeans $14.6 billion a year in higher prices and taxes, or around $1.60 per kilo of beef. (
  • European stocks and the corresponding exchange-traded funds are among this year's most resurgent asset classes, a theme made all the impressive when considering the euro's strength against the dollar and some political volatility in the region earlier this year. (
  • If we look at the summer of 2003,' said Viner -- this was the year that an unprecedented, scorching wave at temperatures of above 100 degrees Fahrenheit settled over Europe for more than a week -- 'that's a very good analogy for the future. (
  • The Association of British Insurers (ABI) said the UK was now the "whiplash capital of Europe", with one out of every 140 people claiming for a whiplash injury each year. (
  • McDonald's reported that March sales at European restaurants that have been opened a year or more were 11% higher than March 2006 sales. (
  • Our work in Europe includes strengthening policy, engaging leading companies to advance sustainable development, encouraging private philanthropy, and developing impact investing strategies. (
  • Ericsson Employees in Western and Central Europe do more than just work together - we have fun together too! (
  • European culture is the root of Western civilization, which traces its lineage back to ancient Greece and ancient Rome. (
  • Repeating the Græco-Roman propaganda, Europe is seen as uncivilized until the development of Greece and Rome. (
  • Today, many Europeans are more uncertain than ever about the unchartered waters they are about to enter into with the Greek government, and depending on what happens next, Greeks themselves may either reaffirm that electing Syriza was exactly the right thing to do, or that the economic pain Greece has felt since 2008 has merely been an appetizer compared to what may lay ahead. (
  • Extra-European or extra-Atlantic affiliations have never helped Greece since its independence and have in the past created more problems than they have solved. (
  • In its March 2010 review, the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors pegged Ireland, Spain, Greece, and central and Eastern Europe as having the most depressed markets in 2009. (
  • And what we found was that in fact when you do that, European inequality, taking into account the differences that exist between, let's say, Germany and Poland or between Norway and Portugal, is actually larger in wages than it is in the United States. (
  • After the euro crisis, the migrant crisis, the rise of the xenophobic right, and a coordinated campaign of Russian meddling, it looks to many that with Merkel and Macron at the helm Europe is getting its mojo back. (
  • He actually accused Angel Merkel of 'wrecking' Europe because she allowed in Syrian refugees in a praiseworthy humanitarian act. (
  • If current experience in Hungary is anything to go by the church in Eastern Europe has anything but waning involvement in politics as you asser t . (
  • The Slavic peoples' ancestors entered Eastern Europe between the 5th and 7th centuries from their original common homeland. (
  • The boundaries of Eastern Europe are not always clearly defined. (
  • While no country is untouched, Eastern Europe is facing a particular problem in the loss of its young women. (
  • Women from Eastern Europe may be trafficked to any number of destinations in the East or West, wherever the money is. (
  • Eastern Europe only has a single university on the list, Poland's Jagiellonian University , ranked #92. (
  • Interview filmed with Dr Laurent Garderet, Department of Hematology at Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, France, to summarise the most important updates presented in the European Hematology Asso. (
  • At least that's how it seems in France and Germany, where the contest over war in the Middle East now shifts to the future of Europe. (
  • Until now, Europe has meant Germany plus France. (
  • Belgium , France , and the United Kingdom are included because they have suffered some of the largest terrorist attacks in Europe in recent years. (
  • With a few honorable exceptions (such as Britain, Poland, Denmark, Estonia and the Netherlands), NATO's European members (especially France, Germany, Italy and Spain) have stinted on resources for the UN-mandated mission in Afghanistan. (
  • WHEN IT UNVEILED a plan last month offering parents new financial incentives to have more children, the French government was seeking to redress a looming and deeply worrisome demographic crisis -- one that affects not just France but all of Europe. (
  • Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou flew to France late Wednesday to explain his sudden call for a referendum on a new European bailout for his country. (
  • Chief executive Jim Skinner singled out the European market as a big contributor to those results. (
  • Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. (
  • Existing Muslim communities in Europe are not well integrated into the social mainstream. (
  • 36% more businesses in Europe said they are excited about data that focuses on the individual compared with businesses in other regions. (
  • The IPPF European Network is one of IPPF's six regions. (
  • Yet the non-oceanic borders of Europe-a concept dating back to classical antiquity -are arbitrary. (
  • The forests also support the traditional cultures of the Komi and Nenets (or Samoyeds) who inhabit the Arkhangelsk Region and Komi Republic of European Russia. (
  • Home to eagle-owls, wolverines, brown bears, rare plants and animals, the Dvinsky Forest is one of the last remaining Intact Forest Landcapes in the European part of Russia. (
  • The post-Soviet transition for democracy has been successful in some Eastern European States, but more difficult in those closer to Russia. (
  • Britain has lost 265 - more than the rest of Europe combined . (
  • This call comes from Friends of the Earth Europe as foreign affairs ministers meet today to discuss progress on EU-US trade talks. (
  • Frederick Studemann, comment and analysis editor, talks to Tony Barber, Europe editor, and Ferdinando Giugliano, leader writer, about how much further austerity measures can be taken and what political upheaval they might cause in the run-up to the EU budget. (
  • However, talks of acquiring banks in Europe suggests that the bank has enough money to consider such a large scale operation. (
  • The alliance, founded in 1949, was designed to shore up war-battered Europe and form a united front against the very real threat of Soviet invasion. (
  • However, a less common definition of the region excludes the Czech Republic , Hungary , Poland , Slovakia , the Baltic states and some parts of the Balkans - placing them in Central Europe instead. (
  • The Austrian government looked set to be the next European country to protect its savers' money by upping its guarantee threshold. (
  • German universities - technical and otherwise - account for 24 of the 100 most innovative universities in Europe, more than any other country. (
  • The Republic of Ireland only has three schools on the entire list, but with a population under 5 million people, it can boast more top 100 innovative universities per capita than any other country in Europe. (