The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.
Reproductive sterilization without the consent of the patient.
The use of genetic methodologies to improve functional capacities of an organism rather than to treat disease.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the influence of Greek civilization, culture, and science. The Greek Empire extended from the Greek mainland and the Aegean islands from the 16th century B.C., to the Indus Valley in the 4th century under Alexander the Great, and to southern Italy and Sicily. Greek medicine began with Homeric and Aesculapian medicine and continued unbroken to Hippocrates (480-355 B.C.). The classic period of Greek medicine was 460-136 B.C. and the Graeco-Roman period, 156 B.C.-576 A.D. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed)
The deliberate annihilation of a national, ethnic, or religious group, in part or in whole.
Programs in which participation is required.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.
An assertion that an action apparently unobjectionable in itself would set in motion a train of events leading ultimately to an undesirable outcome. (From Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.
Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and the 'new' eugenics. (1/64)

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PID) is often seen as an improvement upon prenatal testing. I argue that PID may exacerbate the eugenic features of prenatal testing and make possible an expanded form of free-market eugenics. The current practice of prenatal testing is eugenic in that its aim is to reduce the numbers of people with genetic disorders. Due to social pressures and eugenic attitudes held by clinical geneticists in most countries, it results in eugenic outcomes even though no state coercion is involved. I argue that technological advances may soon make PID widely accessible. Because abortion is not involved, and multiple embryos are available, PID is radically more effective as a tool of genetic selection. It will also make possible selection on the basis of non-pathological characteristics, leading, potentially, to a full-blown free-market eugenics. For these reasons, I argue that PID should be strictly regulated.  (+info)

Can we learn from eugenics? (2/64)

Eugenics casts a long shadow over contemporary genetics. Any measure, whether in clinical genetics or biotechnology, which is suspected of eugenic intent is likely to be opposed on that ground. Yet there is little consensus on what this word signifies, and often only a remote connection to the very complex set of social movements which took that name. After a brief historical summary of eugenics, this essay attempts to locate any wrongs inherent in eugenic doctrines. Four candidates are examined and rejected. The moral challenge posed by eugenics for genetics in our own time, I argue, is to achieve social justice.  (+info)

Genetic screening with the DNA chip: a new Pandora's box? (3/64)

The ethically controversial option of genetic population screening used to be restricted to a small number of rather rare diseases by methodological limitations which are now about to be overcome. With the new technology of DNA microarrays ("DNA chip"), emerging from the synthesis of microelectronics and molecular biology, methods are now at hand for the development of mass screening programmes for a wide spectrum of genetic traits. Thus, the DNA chip may be the key technology for a refined preventive medicine as well as a new dimension of eugenics. The forthcoming introduction of the DNA chip technology into medical practice urgently requires an internationally consistent framework of ethical standards and legal limitations if we do not want it to become a new Pandora's box.  (+info)

Some ethical issues at the population level raised by 'soft' eugenics, euphenics, and isogenics. (4/64)

It is argued that at the population level there are three central genetic developments raising ethical issues. The first is the emergence of 'soft' eugenics, due primarily to the increasing ability to detect carriers of genetic diseases, to monitor their pregnancies, and to provide the option to abort a fetus predisposed to major genetic disease. The second development is the recognition of the extent to which many serious diseases of adult life are due to a disturbance of ancient genetic homeostatic mechanisms due to changing life style, raising the question of whether a society that increasingly pays the medical bills should attempt to impose healthier standards of living on its members. Such an attempt at 'euphenics' may be thought of as the antithesis to eugenics. The third development relates to recognition of the need to regulate the size of the earth's population to numbers that can be indefinitely sustained; this regulation in a fashion (isogenic) that will preserve existing genetic diversity.  (+info)

Progressing from eugenics to human genetics. celebrating the 70th birthday of professor Newton E. Morton. (5/64)

Eugenics, unlike science, involves decision making on various issues, and decision making involves the risk of making errors. This communication first clarifies the nature and seriousness of making errors known as type II in the statistical literature, i.e. the error of punishing a person when he is not guilty of the crime attributed to him. Eugenic laws in China and the eugenic movements in England and the United States are briefly reviewed. The explosive advances made in medical and population genetics in the last 40 years are replacing the conventional eugenics programs by new approaches. Modern genetic counseling has been introduced as the intermediate agent between the scientist and the family that needs advice. It is stressed that individual rights must be respected under all circumstances.  (+info)

Disability, gene therapy and eugenics--a challenge to John Harris. (6/64)

This article challenges the view of disability presented by Harris in his article, "Is gene therapy a form of eugenics?" It is argued that his definition of disability rests on an individual model of disability, where disability is regarded as a product of biological determinism or "personal tragedy" in the individual. Within disability theory this view is often called "the medical model" and it has been criticised for not being able to deal with the term "disability", but only with impairment. The individual model of disability presupposes a necessary causal link between a certain condition in the individual and disablement. The shortcomings of such a view of disability are stated and it is argued that in order to have an adequate ethical discourse on gene therapy perspectives from disability research need to be taken into consideration.  (+info)

Screening for disability: a eugenic pursuit? (7/64)

This article is written in response to the idea that selective termination may be eugenic. It points out that a mixture of motives and goals may inform screening programmes and selective termination for fetal abnormality without the intention being "eugenic". The paper locates modern genetics within the tradition of humanist medicine by suggesting that parents who choose to terminate a pregnancy because of fetal abnormalities are not making moral judgments about those who are living with these abnormalities already. Rather they are making judgments about their own lives and the lives of their children in relation to this genetic disorder. It concludes by introducing several caveats about the counselling that parents receive after the results of the testing and suggests that counselling inevitably contains a directive element because of the nature of the information covered.  (+info)

Response to: What counts as success in genetic counselling? (8/64)

Clinical genetics encompasses a wider range of activities than discussion of reproductive risks and options. Hence, it is possible for a clinical geneticist to reduce suffering associated with genetic disease without aiming to reduce the birth incidence of such diseases. Simple cost-benefit analyses of genetic-screening programmes are unacceptable; more sophisticated analyses of this type have been devised but entail internal inconsistencies and do not seem to result in changed clinical practice. The secondary effects of screening programmes must be assessed before they can be properly evaluated, including the inadvertent diagnosis of unsought conditions, and the wider social effects of the programmes on those with mental handicap. This has implications for the range of prenatal tests that should be made available. While autonomy must be fully respected, it cannot itself constitute a goal of clinical genetics. The evaluation of these services requires interdepartmental comparisons of workload, and quality judgements of clients and peers.  (+info)

Inborn genetic diseases, also known as genetic disorders or hereditary diseases, are conditions that are caused by mutations or variations in an individual's DNA. These mutations can be inherited from one or both parents and can affect the normal functioning of the body's cells, tissues, and organs. Inborn genetic diseases can be classified into several categories, including single-gene disorders, chromosomal disorders, and multifactorial disorders. Single-gene disorders are caused by mutations in a single gene, while chromosomal disorders involve changes in the number or structure of chromosomes. Multifactorial disorders are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Examples of inborn genetic diseases include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Huntington's disease, Down syndrome, and Turner syndrome. These diseases can have a wide range of symptoms and severity, and can affect various parts of the body, including the heart, lungs, brain, and skeletal system. Diagnosis of inborn genetic diseases typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and genetic testing. Treatment options may include medications, surgery, and supportive care, depending on the specific disease and its severity.

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The so-called science of eugenics refers to the application of animal breeding techniques to control human population in order ... "The Purpose of Eugenics" (December 1924), "Birth Control and Positive Eugenics" (July 1925), "Birth Control: The True Eugenics ... The Eugenics Movement, Nazi Germany, Margaret Sanger and Planned Parenthood. Up until the Second World War, the history of the ... The founder of the study of eugenics or good birth as he called it was Francis Galton (1822-1911). He was a cousin of Charles ...
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Entries for the Eugenics Category. Down Syndrome portraits to showcase "beauty and diversity". by Carder Ellas work on this ... May.06, 2015 6:00 am , Eugenics Comments Off on Down Syndrome portraits to showcase "beauty and diversity" ... Apr.28, 2015 9:35 am , Eugenics Comments Off on The Geneva Declaration on Perinatal Care ... human lives have been butchered by an abortion industry birthed in the same racist and elitist pseudoscience of eugenics that ...
... Is abortion for Down Syndrome eugenics?. Michael Cook* , Aborting a child because tests show that he will have Down ... Syndrome is often described by its opponents as "eugenics". This is fiercely contested.. . .. Full text ...
Planned Parenthood is a Eugenics Front Planned Parenthood isn t just about abortion. It s about population control and ... eugenics, and it always has been. Margaret Sanger, founder of the.... Started by Justplain, 14th December 2016 17:00 2 Pages • ...
b,Eugenics,/b, is the study of, or belief in, the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human ... Eugenics One Million Republican Poll Ernest Hancock (Publishers note: Now I know what "lying by omission" means) Just received ... Eugenics Ron Paul on todays MSNBC 9-25-2007. • Youtube I generally dont post Ron Paul media Q&A, but the boy is just so ... Eugenics The Romney ad they wouldnt want you to see 9-25-2007. • Slate I wasnt going to write about this, but at todays ...
But when will it get around to cancelling eugenics? ... culture is cancelling historical figures steeped in eugenics, ... Episode 36 , Cancelling Eugenics. Americas cancel culture is cancelling historical figures who are steeped in racism & ... A recent post by Feminists Choosing Life of NY asks, when will our cancel culture cancel eugenics? We discuss the origins and ... This episode proves that we cant end eugenics without ending abortion. ...
Therapeutics or Eugenics? Next steps in Gene Editing. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Email this Post ... What about eugenics?In principle, gene editing "could be used to edit in some enhancements such as muscles of greater strength ... including the prospect of eugenics. The International Summit on Human Gene Editing reached three conclusions on how use of gene ...
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Davenports Dream: 21st Century Reflections on Heredity & Eugenics. Subject Area(s): Biology in Society; Genetics; General ... A Reprint of Heredity in Relation to Eugenics. Charles Benedict Davenport (Published by Henry Holt and Company, New York, 1911) ... The crucial question remains: in light of the disasters of eugenics, what is the proper use of what we know about human DNA? ... Therefore eugenics was and remains a dead end, and it cannot be the answer. Science ...
Ericka Dyck from the Eugenics Archive. Warning: this episode contains strong language and content. For more about this episode ... In this episode we learn why some of the most notable Canadians from history championed eugenics, what it is and why Leilani ...
The Body Mass Index Grew out of White Supremacy, Eugenics and Anti-Blackness. Roundup tags: racism, eugenics, Obesity, Body ... These ideas crept into medicine through eugenics. Eugenics was a late-19th to mid-20th century movement to promote so-called ... with the eugenics movement, subject to a new form of medical penalty. These faux-scientific notions about body size, health, ...
... who has completed a database of the thousands of people recommended for sterilization when California had eugenics laws. ... Ive written a book on the history of eugenics in California. But at that point, I still knew very little about the ... And thats where Id like to work with the state of California, because weve essentially created a eugenics registry. We can ... NPRs Ailsa Chang spoke with Stern, who said this idea of eugenics was intended to "eradicate certain genes from the population ...
10 Responses to The history of eugenics at UCL: the inquiry report. * David Colquhoun. says: ... Eugenics was undoubtedly discredited by its horrific abuse in WW2. Even before WW2 there were plenty of scientists who argued ... The inquiry into UCLs historical role in eugenics was set up a year ago. Its report was delivered on Friday 28 February 2020. ... I have been at UCL since 1964, and in all that time I have never once heard anyone with an "ambivalent" attitude to eugenics. ...
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Toward the end of his discussion of eugenics, G. Stanley Hall wrote of "the kingdom of some kind of superman" to which eugenics ... Supporters of eugenics and sterilization hoped the case would reach the Supreme Court and that the Court would find ... Supporters of eugenics argued the public good required removing from the population genes thought to cause low intelligence, or ... Eugenics always had its critics. A referendum authorizing sterilization failed in Oregon in 1913. Some governors refused to ...
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AUDIO: Carter Snead on Eugenics and Abortion. June 28, 2019 , The Catholic Association - Conversations with Consequences ...
Eugenics-that is, the movement to improve and even perfect the human species by technological means-arose in the late 19th ... The Return of Eugenics. Eugenics--the movement to improve and even perfect the human species by technological means--arose in ... The problem, it is said, was not so much with eugenics itself but with the Nazis: they abused eugenics, they went too far, they ... Negative eugenics, on the other hand, made a lot of people nervous, since it meant preventing the birth of the unfit or ...
If North Carolina follows through with a plan to compensate its eugenics victims, it will be the first state to do so. NPR ... And slipping through the cracks may be the role of an important foundation or two in facilitating the states eugenics program. ... North Carolina Considers Remediating Its Crime of Eugenics, Conducted with the Help of a Big Foundation. ... Between 1929 and 1974, North Carolinas eugenics program sterilized 7,600 people, some by choice, but many by force or coercion ...
GMOs and forced vaccinations in sinister eugenics program aimed at wiping out unintelligent people ... More news on eugenics. Genetic engineering technology now spearheading the return of eugenics and the push for a master ... What does Americas dark history of eugenics mean for society today?. Microsoft buys eugenics technology from Merck, becomes ... Think eugenics could never come to America? It already has: victims now being compensated in Virginia ...
The Quinacrine Report: Sterilization, Modern Day Eugenics, and the Anti-Immigrant Movement. Updated Aug 01, 2016 ...
Building a Foundational Knowledge Base Topic 2a A part of the Deconstructing Racism and Ableism in the School-to-Prison Pipeline Training ...
An article in the National Post by Tristin Hopper points out that its dalliance with eugenics in the 1920s and 1930s is an ... An article in the National Post by Tristin Hopper points out that its dalliance with eugenics in the 1920s and 1930s is an ... "Positive" eugenics wasnt enough; there would also need to be a system of "negative" eugenics to ensure that criminals, the " ... But eugenics wasnt some obscure passing fad. A century ago, it was Canadas progressive cause du jour. For a good 20 years, ...
It is a new teaching tool designed to build awareness about the ongoing effects of eugenics - the belief that humanity can be ... Each module shares the story of survivors and how eugenics affected their lives, through audio, visual, and textual stories, ... Launch of New Learning Portal Reveals Legacy of Eugenics in Ontario. September 7, 2022 ... ...
NCHH-08: Biennial Report of the Eugenics Board of North... * - Biennial Report of the Eugenics Board of North Carolina [Volume ... Eugenics -- North Carolina.; Involuntary sterilization -- North Carolina -- Statistics. Subject Topical Other Eugenics -- North ... Eugenics -- North Carolina.; Involuntary sterilization -- North Carolina -- Statistics. Subject Topical Other Eugenics -- North ... Biennial Report of the Eugenics Board of North Carolina [Volume 8, 1948-1950]. Previous. 1 of 33. Next ...
PRIOR, Tamara. Eugenics: the mind under the designs of heredity. J. psicanal. [online]. 2015, vol.48, n.89, pp. 171-186. ISSN ... Palavras-chave : heredity; Eugenics; History; biological determinism. · resumo em Português , Espanhol , Francês · texto em ... This paper proposes an examination of the origins and postulates of Eugenics, which is conceived as a social, political and ...
  • He was a vice president of the First International Eugenics Congress, which met in London in 1912 to hear papers on "racial suicide" among Northern Europeans and similar topics. (
  • Recently uncovered documents show that Edwards served on the organization's Council -its leadership body-as a trustee on three separate occasions: from 1968 to 1970, 1971 to 1973 and once again from 1995 to 1997 after the group euphemistically renamed itself ' The Galton Institute ' for the founder of the eugenics movement, Francis Galton . (
  • The exact definition of eugenics has been a matter of debate since the term was coined by Francis Galton in 1883. (
  • In 1966, Potts wrote articles in the Eugenics Review , one of the original racist, eugenic scientific journals that came from the Galton Institute itself, formerly known as the British Eugenics Society.whose, namesake, Francis Galton , coined the term "eugenics. (
  • Indeed, Francis Galton, the founder of the concepts of statistical correlation, also coined the phrase eugenics and advocated for avoiding racial admixture ( Markel 2018 ). (
  • He also lent his considerable prestige to the campaign to build a global eugenics movement. (
  • The Eugenics Record Office ( ERO ), located in Cold Spring Harbor, New York , United States , was a research institute that gathered biological and social information about the American population, serving as a center for eugenics and human heredity research from 1910 to 1939. (
  • The leading student and promoter of eugenics in the United States for over a quarter century was Charles Davenport (1866-1944), director of the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory's Eugenics Record Office from 1910 to 1940, part of the Station for Experimental Evolution. (
  • The eugenics movement attracted social activists such as Moses Harman (1830-1910), who pursued his goal through The Eugenic Magazine . (
  • Charles Davenport, A.B. 1889, Ph.D. '92, a classmate of Prescott Hall, founded the Eugenics Record Office in 1910, and promoted ideas that led to the sterilization of Carrie Buck (next image). (
  • Eugenics and modern biology: critiques of eugenics, 1910-1945. (
  • The eugenics movement, which had begun in England and was rapidly spreading in the United States, insisted that human progress depended on promoting reproduction by the best people in the best combinations, and preventing the unworthy from having children. (
  • Its mission was to collect substantial information on the ancestry of the American population, to produce propaganda that was made to fuel the eugenics movement, and to promote the idea of race-betterment. (
  • The eugenics movement was popular and viewed as progressive in the early-twentieth-century United States. (
  • California was considered an epicenter of the American eugenics movement. (
  • Much of the spiritual guidance and political agitation for the American eugenics movement came from California's quasi-autonomous eugenic societies, such as the Pasadena-based Human Betterment Foundation and the California branch of the American Eugenics Society, which coordinated much of their activity with the Eugenics Research Society in Long Island. (
  • The Bush family, the Harriman family - the Wall Street business partners of Bush in financing Hitler - and the Rockefeller family are the elite of the American eugenics movement. (
  • The eugenics philosophy not only fed her work within the Planned Parenthood movement but also her lesser known advocacy of euthanasia. (
  • But there was also a dark side to the eugenics movement that encouraged the state to pass laws to stop 'unfit' people from procreating. (
  • As far as I can tell from my cohorts in the eugenics' movement, we give little concern to a shortage of food. (
  • In its twentieth century forms, the eugenics movement comprised many diverse and often contrary directions, from racially motivated state oppression to efforts to empower families. (
  • Nevertheless, two features of the eugenics movement that made it so destructive were ill-founded (often crackpot) genetic science and state control and coercion of individual reproductive choice. (
  • Some who have studied the movement ask whether it is not this coercive dimension, rather than a concern with genetic improvement, that was the core problem with eugenics. (
  • An interview with Rana A. Hogarth, PhD on her NLM History Talk and her research on legacies of slavery in the early eugenics movement. (
  • This paper proposes an examination of the origins and postulates of Eugenics, which is conceived as a social, political and scientific movement that intended to improve the biological heritage in order to solve mankind's mental degeneration and decay. (
  • The environmental health sciences (EHS) community has joined this movement by pledging to enhance diversity within its ranks ( McCarthy 2020 ), launching new initiatives on environmental health equity, and atoning for its own racist history and past relationship with the eugenics movement ( Brune 2020 ). (
  • The Nazis invoked eugenics to justify the extermination of people with disabilities, Jews, and other marginalized populations. (
  • These organizations--which functioned as part of a closely-knit network--published racist eugenic newsletters and pseudoscientific journals, such as Eugenical News and Eugenics , and propagandized for the Nazis. (
  • Depopulation, also known as eugenics, is quite another thing and was proposed under the Nazis during World War II. (
  • Eugenics was popular in the United States long before Nazis like Dr. Josef Mengele used it to promote racial purity. (
  • From Cold Spring Harbor, eugenics advocates agitated in the legislatures of America, as well as the nation's social service agencies and associations. (
  • Samuel Jackson Holmes , who published a 1924 paper titled "A bibliography of eugenics," at Berkeley, in 1937 he writing , "The Negros' Struggle For Survival. (
  • Eugenics was the racist pseudoscience determined to wipe away all human beings deemed "unfit," preserving only those who conformed to a Nordic stereotype. (
  • These academicians espoused race theory and race science, and then faked and twisted data to serve eugenics' racist aims. (
  • One detail omitted from the obituaries published around the world was that Edwards was a member in good standing of the Eugenics Society in Britain for much of his career. (
  • HISTORY OF EUGENICS - In 1907, the eugenics Education Society was founded in Britain to campaign for sterilisation and marriage restrictions for the weak to prevent the degeneration of Britain's population. (
  • Elements of a counter-exhibition: Excavating and countering a Canadian history and legacy of eugenics. (
  • Today, figures such as Malcolm Potts carry Thomas Malthus' legacy, and the legacy of the British family who originated eugenics: the Darwin-Galton-Wedgewood-Huxley family . (
  • Negative eugenics sought to actively discourage "unfit" people from procreating. (
  • Framed in this manner, eugenics has held an appeal to dictatorial and authoritarian regimes seeking to eradicate or discourage the growth of disfavored groups. (
  • California eugenicists played an important, although little known, role in the American eugenics movement's campaign for ethnic cleansing. (
  • Sanger was an enthusiastic proponent of eugenics and a member of the American Eugenics Society. (
  • In 1938, just a few years prior to Sanger's American Birth Control League (ABCL) changing its name to Planned Parenthood, a group of American Eugenics Society Members and members of Margaret Sanger's American Birth Control League (ABCL) formed the National Society for the Legalization of Euthanasia. (
  • Henry P. Fairchild, who was a past president of the American Eugenics Society and a vice-president of Planned Parenthood. (
  • Frank L. Babbott (Vice President of the Euthanasia Society), who was a founding member of the American Eugenics Society. (
  • Frank H. Hankins, who was a managing editor of Margaret Sanger's Birth Control Review as well as an American Eugenics Society member. (
  • At the beginning of the 20th century, eugenics was seen as cutting-edge science that could improve society. (
  • Galton theorized two ways that eugenics could help society, which he called positive and negative eugenics. (
  • Sanger was actually a highly effective voice of eugenics and an official member of the American Eugenics Society (under the name Mrs. Noah Slee). (
  • Eugenics Education Society? (
  • The endeavors of the Eugenics Record Office were facilitated by the work of various committees. (
  • In 1914, eugenicist Harry Laughlin, who was head of the Eugenics Record Office proposed a " eugenical sterilization law " that would stop the feebleminded from reproducing. (
  • But the history of eugenics in Virginia led to a pair of terrible laws that allowed the state to sterilize people against their will and ban whites from marrying non-whites. (
  • Malcolm Potts is a Malthusian figure with deep roots in the history of eugenics. (
  • Harvard administrators, faculty members, and alumni were at the forefront of American eugenics-founding eugenics organizations, writing academic and popular eugenics articles, and lobbying government to enact eugenics laws. (
  • It references Darwinian eugenics ideas right off the bat, like this affectionate publication about Thomas Malthus also from UC Berkeley. (
  • Eugenics is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population. (
  • Eugenicists like Harry Laughlin promoted new laws based on eugenics like Virginia's Racial Integrity Act of 1924 . (
  • is also the same language that eugenics spokespersons were using to sell eugenics to a wider American audience, which is to say that eugenics is like a gardener who is tending to the garden of humanity-that the weeds in the garden of humanity should be pulled, so that the good plants can grow. (
  • Coined by Galton in the late 1800s to mean 'well-born,' eugenics became a dominant aspect of Western intellectual life and social policy during the first half of the 20th century. (
  • And as a social philosophy eugenics also received approbation and financial support from the wealthy and other elites-particularly in the U.S. It was followed by the likes of philanthropists John D. Rockefeller and Nobel Prize-winning scientists such as William Shockley and Alexis Carrel . (
  • Negative eugenics promised a solution to these social problems by ensuring that the feebleminded could not reproduce. (
  • A contribution to the compensation program might be a decent apology for Carnegie's support of North Carolina's more than four decades of officially sanction eugenics. (
  • Edwin Black is the author of " IBM and the Holocaust " and " War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race ," from which the following article is drawn. (
  • Eugenics was born as a scientific curiosity in the Victorian age. (
  • But eugenics provided a "scientific" argument to ban interracial marriage. (
  • William Schambra of the Hudson Institute has in many articles described the connection of the Carnegie Corporation to the North Carolina eugenics program, including this one from the Chronicle of Philanthropy . (
  • Though now associated with the abhorrent and discredited policies of the Nazi state, before World War II eugenics had a wide following among scientists, politicians, and writers around the world. (
  • Eugenics was duly stigmatized after World War II when the world saw the horrors of its most infamous implementation, the Holocaust. (
  • Eugenics attracted considerable support from progressives, reformers, and educated elites as a way of using science to make a better world. (
  • Ultimately, eugenics practitioners coercively sterilized some 60,000 Americans, barred the marriage of thousands, forcibly segregated thousands in "colonies," and persecuted untold numbers in ways we are just learning. (
  • Positive eugenics promoted the use of education, tax incentives, and payments for healthy children to encourage the "right" people to procreate. (
  • Sanger had received her education in eugenics from Havelock Ellis, who according to some was also her lover and the individual who heightened her interest in the occult. (
  • Here's some perspective on its popularity: even Helen Keller supported eugenics . (
  • The Rockefeller Foundation helped found the German eugenics program and even funded the program that Josef Mengele worked in before he went to Auschwitz. (
  • Between 1929 and 1974, North Carolina's eugenics program sterilized 7,600 people, some by choice, but many by force or coercion. (
  • And slipping through the cracks may be the role of an important foundation or two in facilitating the state's eugenics program. (
  • According to Schambra, Carnegie provided grant support and encouragement to the "genetics program" medical school that is now at Wake Forest and that played a cheerleading role behind the state's eugenics program. (
  • We simply think they are irrelevant as are all races as a new species will be coming out of our eugenics' program, and I cannot see how anyone will be able to stop it. (
  • Welfare is in fact a dysgenic program that seems to go unnoticed, while eugenics is decried by the stumbling incompetent masses. (
  • If North Carolina follows through with a plan to compensate its eugenics victims, it will be the first state to do so. (
  • Following is the introduction to the Eugenics Watch web site ( ). (
  • Supported by the argument that the eugenics office would collect information for human genetics research, Davenport convinced the Carnegie Institute to establish the ERO. (