The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.
Reproductive sterilization without the consent of the patient.
The use of genetic methodologies to improve functional capacities of an organism rather than to treat disease.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the influence of Greek civilization, culture, and science. The Greek Empire extended from the Greek mainland and the Aegean islands from the 16th century B.C., to the Indus Valley in the 4th century under Alexander the Great, and to southern Italy and Sicily. Greek medicine began with Homeric and Aesculapian medicine and continued unbroken to Hippocrates (480-355 B.C.). The classic period of Greek medicine was 460-136 B.C. and the Graeco-Roman period, 156 B.C.-576 A.D. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed)
The deliberate annihilation of a national, ethnic, or religious group, in part or in whole.
Programs in which participation is required.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.
An assertion that an action apparently unobjectionable in itself would set in motion a train of events leading ultimately to an undesirable outcome. (From Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.
Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.
A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
The writing of history; the principles, theory, and history of historical writing; the product of historical writing. (Webster, 3d ed)
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
Benzo-indoles similar to CARBOLINES which are pyrido-indoles. In plants, carbazoles are derived from indole and form some of the INDOLE ALKALOIDS.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the propanolamine (NH2CH2CHOHCH2) group and its derivatives.
Literary and oral genre expressing meaning via symbolism and following formal or informal patterns.
An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and the 'new' eugenics. (1/64)

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PID) is often seen as an improvement upon prenatal testing. I argue that PID may exacerbate the eugenic features of prenatal testing and make possible an expanded form of free-market eugenics. The current practice of prenatal testing is eugenic in that its aim is to reduce the numbers of people with genetic disorders. Due to social pressures and eugenic attitudes held by clinical geneticists in most countries, it results in eugenic outcomes even though no state coercion is involved. I argue that technological advances may soon make PID widely accessible. Because abortion is not involved, and multiple embryos are available, PID is radically more effective as a tool of genetic selection. It will also make possible selection on the basis of non-pathological characteristics, leading, potentially, to a full-blown free-market eugenics. For these reasons, I argue that PID should be strictly regulated.  (+info)

Can we learn from eugenics? (2/64)

Eugenics casts a long shadow over contemporary genetics. Any measure, whether in clinical genetics or biotechnology, which is suspected of eugenic intent is likely to be opposed on that ground. Yet there is little consensus on what this word signifies, and often only a remote connection to the very complex set of social movements which took that name. After a brief historical summary of eugenics, this essay attempts to locate any wrongs inherent in eugenic doctrines. Four candidates are examined and rejected. The moral challenge posed by eugenics for genetics in our own time, I argue, is to achieve social justice.  (+info)

Genetic screening with the DNA chip: a new Pandora's box? (3/64)

The ethically controversial option of genetic population screening used to be restricted to a small number of rather rare diseases by methodological limitations which are now about to be overcome. With the new technology of DNA microarrays ("DNA chip"), emerging from the synthesis of microelectronics and molecular biology, methods are now at hand for the development of mass screening programmes for a wide spectrum of genetic traits. Thus, the DNA chip may be the key technology for a refined preventive medicine as well as a new dimension of eugenics. The forthcoming introduction of the DNA chip technology into medical practice urgently requires an internationally consistent framework of ethical standards and legal limitations if we do not want it to become a new Pandora's box.  (+info)

Some ethical issues at the population level raised by 'soft' eugenics, euphenics, and isogenics. (4/64)

It is argued that at the population level there are three central genetic developments raising ethical issues. The first is the emergence of 'soft' eugenics, due primarily to the increasing ability to detect carriers of genetic diseases, to monitor their pregnancies, and to provide the option to abort a fetus predisposed to major genetic disease. The second development is the recognition of the extent to which many serious diseases of adult life are due to a disturbance of ancient genetic homeostatic mechanisms due to changing life style, raising the question of whether a society that increasingly pays the medical bills should attempt to impose healthier standards of living on its members. Such an attempt at 'euphenics' may be thought of as the antithesis to eugenics. The third development relates to recognition of the need to regulate the size of the earth's population to numbers that can be indefinitely sustained; this regulation in a fashion (isogenic) that will preserve existing genetic diversity.  (+info)

Progressing from eugenics to human genetics. celebrating the 70th birthday of professor Newton E. Morton. (5/64)

Eugenics, unlike science, involves decision making on various issues, and decision making involves the risk of making errors. This communication first clarifies the nature and seriousness of making errors known as type II in the statistical literature, i.e. the error of punishing a person when he is not guilty of the crime attributed to him. Eugenic laws in China and the eugenic movements in England and the United States are briefly reviewed. The explosive advances made in medical and population genetics in the last 40 years are replacing the conventional eugenics programs by new approaches. Modern genetic counseling has been introduced as the intermediate agent between the scientist and the family that needs advice. It is stressed that individual rights must be respected under all circumstances.  (+info)

Disability, gene therapy and eugenics--a challenge to John Harris. (6/64)

This article challenges the view of disability presented by Harris in his article, "Is gene therapy a form of eugenics?" It is argued that his definition of disability rests on an individual model of disability, where disability is regarded as a product of biological determinism or "personal tragedy" in the individual. Within disability theory this view is often called "the medical model" and it has been criticised for not being able to deal with the term "disability", but only with impairment. The individual model of disability presupposes a necessary causal link between a certain condition in the individual and disablement. The shortcomings of such a view of disability are stated and it is argued that in order to have an adequate ethical discourse on gene therapy perspectives from disability research need to be taken into consideration.  (+info)

Screening for disability: a eugenic pursuit? (7/64)

This article is written in response to the idea that selective termination may be eugenic. It points out that a mixture of motives and goals may inform screening programmes and selective termination for fetal abnormality without the intention being "eugenic". The paper locates modern genetics within the tradition of humanist medicine by suggesting that parents who choose to terminate a pregnancy because of fetal abnormalities are not making moral judgments about those who are living with these abnormalities already. Rather they are making judgments about their own lives and the lives of their children in relation to this genetic disorder. It concludes by introducing several caveats about the counselling that parents receive after the results of the testing and suggests that counselling inevitably contains a directive element because of the nature of the information covered.  (+info)

Response to: What counts as success in genetic counselling? (8/64)

Clinical genetics encompasses a wider range of activities than discussion of reproductive risks and options. Hence, it is possible for a clinical geneticist to reduce suffering associated with genetic disease without aiming to reduce the birth incidence of such diseases. Simple cost-benefit analyses of genetic-screening programmes are unacceptable; more sophisticated analyses of this type have been devised but entail internal inconsistencies and do not seem to result in changed clinical practice. The secondary effects of screening programmes must be assessed before they can be properly evaluated, including the inadvertent diagnosis of unsought conditions, and the wider social effects of the programmes on those with mental handicap. This has implications for the range of prenatal tests that should be made available. While autonomy must be fully respected, it cannot itself constitute a goal of clinical genetics. The evaluation of these services requires interdepartmental comparisons of workload, and quality judgements of clients and peers.  (+info)

In addition to being practiced in a number of countries, eugenics was internationally organized through the International Federation of Eugenics Organizations.[28] Its scientific aspects were carried on through research bodies such as the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics,[29] the Cold Spring Harbour Carnegie Institution for Experimental Evolution,[30] and the Eugenics Record Office.[31] Politically, the movement advocated measures such as sterilization laws.[32] In its moral dimension, eugenics rejected the doctrine that all human beings are born equal and redefined moral worth purely in terms of genetic fitness.[33] Its racist elements included pursuit of a pure Nordic race or Aryan genetic pool and the eventual elimination of unfit races.[34][35] Many leading British politicians subscribed to the theories of eugenics. Winston Churchill supported the British Eugenics Society and was an honorary vice president for the organization. Churchill believed ...
Eugenics is a scheme for improving the human race by controlling reproduction. The practice of eugenics reached its height in the period between the latenineteenth century and World War II, when German Nazis carried eugenic principles to the extremes of mass sterilization and genocide. Different forms of eugenics have been practiced around the world and are currently in effect in the Peoples Republic of China, where reproduction is strictly limited. With the advent of medical research such as the Human Genome Project, society is still trying to resolve the ethical issues raised by eugenic theories.. The general concept of eugenics is first mentioned in Greek records dating back to 368 BC. Plato and Aristotle both refer to the city states need for healthy citizens to form an elite ruling class and army. In this earliest blueprint for eugenics, men and women were encouraged to reproduce when they were at the peak of their physical and mental powers, in order to conceive the healthiest and most ...
War Against The Weak: Eugenics and Americas Campaign to Create a Master Race, by Edward Black. 550 pp, with notes, appendices and bibliography. Four Walls Eight Windows, New York.. With vigor and eloquence, Pope John Paul II has spoken against the culture of death. Without too much thought, one might believe that culture is of recent vintage and found in legal abortion and the debate over legalizing euthanasia.. But the culture of death is much older, and may well have its roots in the eugenics programs of the early 20th century. Writing in War Against The Weak: Eugenics and Americas Campaign to Create A Master Race, Edwin Black casts an unwelcome spotlight on an ugly time when American leaders and philanthropic institutions virtually created eugenics and sought to stop the unfit from reproducing.. As valuable as the book is, however, Black doesnt draw, at least explicitly, one important connection: Without the State, eugenics is impossible.. Early Eugenics. The book begins with a ...
Eugenics in California is a notable part of eugenics in America. As an early leading force in the field of eugenics, California became the third state in the United States to enact a sterilization law. By 1921, California had accounted for 80% of the sterilizations nationwide. This continued until World War II, after which the number of sterilizations began to decrease, largely due to the fallout of Hitlers eugenics movement. There were about 20,000 forced sterilizations in California between 1909 and 1963. Records of eugenics practices in California are held at the following agencies and institutions. The records are still protected for confidentiality reasons. California State Archives, Sacramento Sonoma State Hospital Records Mendocino State Hospital Records Modesto State Hospital Records California Youth Authority/Whittier State Home Records Department of Mental Hygiene Records (incomplete) Legislative Histories (microfilm) Patton State Hospital Patton State Hospital Records Napa State ...
He hasnt said much of anything about CRISPR gene editing technology that can readily alter the genetic code of cells of nearly any organism, including humans, but Trump has a fascination with the concept of good genes that sounds eerily similar to eugenics and could link together CRISPR & Eugenics.. If you watch the video above, youll see many striking quotes from Trump on his amazing genes.. Whats the deal? Could Trump be a eugenicist without even knowing it? Wheres the line if any between snobbery and eugenics? Can the idea of genes unite the two?. The word eugenics can be taken literally to mean good birth or good genes. In the past, eugenics as a movement has largely been associated with societal disasters where certain individuals or groups decided that some segments of society were intrinsically inferior. As a result, these groups were oppressed or even killed. The Nazis embraced eugenics, but so did many Americans especially in the early 20th century when forced sterilization ...
This paper deals with theme field of eugenics, with detailed analysis of new or how ih has been called now- laissez faire eugenics, and its effects on human society. I will show how the idea of improving human species was a necessity which people tried to achieve since the ancient times, however the scientific meaning was given to eugenics by Francis Galton in 19. st. Since then eugenics was used as scientific justification for social inequalities and superiority of one race over another. After the second world war, eugenics has disappeared from the world scene, to raise again with progress of genetical engineering, and to use it as its main weapon. Todays eugenics differs from the old one with methods and goals, and I will try to explain those differences in detail in separate part of this paper. Furthermore, example of modern Chinese eugenics show one transitional model from old to new eugenics, were personal choice which represents characteristic of new eugenics ih highly conditioned by laws ...
Hitler and his henchmen victimized an entire continent and exterminated millions in his quest for a co-called Master Race. But the concept of a white, blond-haired, blue-eyed master Nordic race was not Hitlers. The idea was created in the United States, and cultivated in Connecticut, two to three decades before Hitler came to power, the product of the American eugenics movement. Hartford and indeed the state of Connecticut played an important albeit unknown role in this countrys campaign of ethnic cleansing. Whats more, Connecticut was an important player in Americas eugenic nexus with Nazi Germany. Eugenics was the racist American pseudoscience determined to wipe away all human beings except those who conformed to a Nordic stereotype. The philosophy was enshrined into national policy by forced sterilization and segregation laws, as well as marriage restrictions enacted in 27 states. In 1909, Connecticut became the third state to adopt such laws. Ultimately, eugenics coercively sterilized ...
Ive talked to a lot of Jews about this sort of thing and for many of them, especially those of Eastern European descent it is very hard to convince them that this sort of procedure has no similarity at all to anything the Nazis were doing.. Interestingly, some of the more recent commentators on eugenics are Jewish. For instance, John Glad & Seymour Itzkoff. Itzkoff writes the preface to Glads e-book Future Human Evolution: Eugenics in the Twenty-First Century:. The term eugen-ics has been on an ideological hit list both by the irrational left as well as by an intimidated public. However, as Dr. Glad points out, clearly and authoritatively, there is virtually no factual basis for what can only be seen as a totemic reaction. The mere mention of eugenics elicits knee-jerk reaction-Nazi genocide, forced sterilization. Yet by any standard of rational analysis, this vision of improvement for the human species has a strong humanistic tradition to support its fur-ther application.. The real ...
Writing for the majority in the Supreme Courts affirmative decision of the Buck v. Bell landmark case, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. described Charlottesville native Carrie Buck as the probable potential parent of socially inadequate offspring, likewise afflicted stating that her welfare and that of society will be promoted by her sterilization.. Current scholarship shows that Carrie Bucks sterilization relied on a false diagnosis premised on the now discredited science of eugenics. It is likely that Carries mother, Emma Buck, was committed to a state institution because she was considered sexually promiscuous, that the same diagnosis was made about Carrie when she became an unwed mother at the age of 17 due to being raped, and that her daughter Vivian was diagnosed as not quite normal at the age of six months largely in support of the legal effort to sterilize Carrie.. ...
We already knew about chemical contraception, the tool par excellence of contemporary eugenics. Immunization policy is another angle of attack using state interference in medicine.. With 11 compulsory vaccines for babies under 2 years of age, we are certain to see a sharp worsening of the autism epidemic. And maybe thats really the goal.. Smart bureaucrats have come to coldly decide to harm the health of the new generation.. Because, beyond the arrogance and stupidity of any bureaucracy, there is also their underlying mentality: eugenics. The aim of eugenicists, who always seek to select a superior race, was and still is to remove the most fragile 5% from society. Like Francis Galton, Charles Darwin or Alexis Carrel and the Rockefellers, they wanted to keep the weakest people out of life, this time by crippling them very severely, only to sterilize them and park them in closed institutions.. Contemporary eugenics has changed symbols and vocabulary since the post-war period (1945) and now claims ...
Contemporary advocates for birth control exhibit no awareness whatsoever that birth control was always conceived in the context of eliminating the unfit, ie., eugenics. Eugenics, in turn, was considered a straight-forward logical extension of Darwinism. Eugenics was seen as human control of human evolution, and was always tied into discussions on population control. These are … Continue reading ». ...
Contemporary advocates for birth control exhibit no awareness whatsoever that birth control was always conceived in the context of eliminating the unfit, ie., eugenics. Eugenics, in turn, was considered a straight-forward logical extension of Darwinism. Eugenics was seen as human control of human evolution, and was always tied into discussions on population control. These are … Continue reading ». ...
iJMii^MlilMli UNC-CM HEALTH SCIENCES L1BR4R I II! I,l III jll 11 IN II III mil II H00006283 of ti)e D{t)t0fon of ^ealtf) affairs (^niDetjSitp of H^otti) (STatoIina i 1 i Form No. Biennial Report OF The Eugenics Board of North Carolina July 1, 1940 To June 30, 1942 R. Eugene Brown, Secretary TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE Members of Board and Office Staff 4 Letter of Transmittal 5 Report of Secretary 7 Statistical Tables 10 EUGENICS BOARD OF NORTH CAROLINA Mrs. W, T. Bost, Commissioner of Public Welfare, Chairman Hon. Harry McMullan, Attorney General Dr. Carl V. Reynolds, Secretary and State Health Officer, State Board of Health Dr. J. W. AsHBY, Superintendent, State Hospital, Raleigh Dr. F. L. Whelpley, Superintendent, State Hospital, Goldsboro STAFF R. Eugene Brown, Secretari/ Margaret Runnion, Office Secretary LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL To His Excellency, J. Melville Broughton, Governor of North Carolina. Dear Sir : I have the honor of submitting herewith the report of the Eugenics Board of North ...
Yet in truth the threat of eugenics is fainter than ever. This is for three reasons. First, the essence of eugenics was compulsion: it was the state deciding who should be allowed to breed, or to survive, for the supposed good of the race. As long as we prevent coercion, we will not have eugenics. Our politics would have to change far more drastically than our science.
Is President Donald Trump a fan of eugenics? He seems to believe that he comes from greatly superior genetic stock. He hasnt said much of anything about CRISPR gene editing technology that can readily alter the genetic code of cells of nearly any organism, including humans, but Trump has a fascination with the concept of good genes that sounds eerily similar to eugenics and could link together CRISPR & Eugenics. If you watch the video above, youll see many striking quotes from Trump on his …Read More. ...
Eugenics is notorious for its racial/breeding/heredity dimension. Less well known is that it also has a behavioral dimension - anti-tobacco/alcohol (negative eugenics - viewed as body poisons), dietary prescriptions/proscriptions, physical exercise [find a eugenics text at a uni library. It will typically have sections on anti-tobacco and anti-alcohol] Eugenics reduced all to the physical. Health was perversely reduced to only a physical, absence-of-disease phenomenon (biological reductionism), devoid of any other dimensions, e.g., mental, social. Humans are viewed as not too different from a herd of cattle that can be engineered along particular dimensions for the best biological herd result. Eugenics was embraced/funded by the mega-wealthy (e.g., Rockefeller, Ford, Harriman, Carnegie) and the educated classes. There were few critics of eugenics at the time. The eugenics promise was the eradication of poverty, crime, and disease. It did no such thing. It brought out the worst in people - ...
Malacrida, a University of Lethbridge sociology professor, became interested in the residents of Michener Centre while working on a book project with the Alberta Association for Community Living when she was a doctoral student.. That project traced the lives of some 40 people and their experiences of living in provincial institutions, including Red Deers Michener Centre, established in 1923 for people who were labeled as being mentally defective. This label made them vulnerable to Albertas eugenics laws allowing forced sterilization of mental defectives, which were in effect from 1928 to 1972.. Im interested in Michener primarily because it was the largest feeder for the eugenics program. I began collecting stories and I ended up interviewing 22 survivors, people who had lived there primarily between the 50s and the 80s, she says. All of them left as a result of the deinstitutionalization movement. Many of them were admitted in very early childhood and stayed many decades. It was a ...
The implementation by the Presidents New Freedom Commission (NFC) to screen the entire United States population - children first - for presumed, undetected, mental illness is an ill- conceived policy destined for disastrous consequences. The pseudoscientific methods used to screen for mental and behavioral abnormalities are a legacy from the discredited ideology of eugenics. Both eugenics and psychiatry suffer from a common philosophical fallacy that undermines the validity of their theories and prescriptions. Both are wed to a faith-based ideological assumption that mental and behavior manifestations are biologically determined, and are, therefore, ameliorated by biological interventions. NFC promoted the Texas Medication Algorithm Project (TMAP) as a model medication treatment plan. The impact of TMAP is evident in the skyrocketing increase in psychotropic drug prescriptions for children and adults, and in the disproportionate expenditure for psychotropic drugs. The New Freedom ...
Although the sterilization laws were passed in 1919 and 1929, the Eugenics Board was organized in July 1933. In four short months, the Board started receiving petitions to sterilize North Carolinians. From 1933 until 1977, the year the Board closed and the eugenics program in North Carolina ended, the state government had sterilized approximately 7,600 individuals (male and female and white and black).
China and its revolution have been a prime example of how eugenics can be implemented on a society as whole. As many people know, China has adopted the one child policy. This was due to lobbying from several eugenics organizations including Planned Parenthood and the United Nations. This policy was phased in, in the 1960s. Citizens who do not follow this policy were faced with heavy fines. Later the punishment would become more severe and parents are now being imprisoned if they fail to comply. The combination of forced abortions and the cultural desire for families to have male children has plunged China into an extensive dilemma. There are now 30 million more men than women. All opposes are sent to forced labor camps. Their blood and tissue types are saved for organ harvesting. The Chinese government then sells the organs of its prisoners to buyers on the world market. Elderly and disabled people are euthanized ...
Annals of Eugenics. Utg. K . Pearson og E. M. Elderton, Cambridge University Press. Archiv der Julius- Klaus Stiftung. Zürich. Utg. Orell Füssli. Archiv für Rassen- und Gesellschaftsbiologie. Utg. A. Ploetz og F. Lenz, München. Das kommende Geschlecht. Zeitschrift für Eugenik. Utg. H. Muckermann. Berlin og Bonn. Der Biologe. Utg. E. Lehmann. Tübingen. Der Erbarzt. Utg. Deutscher Ärztevereinsbund og Verband der Ärzte Deutschlands. (Hartmannbund.) Leder Frh. O. v. Verschuer. Die Sonne. Utg. W. Kulz. Leipzig. Erfeligkheid bij de mens. Utg. W. P. van Stockum og Zoon. Eugenical News. Utg. «Eugenics Research Association». og «Galton Society». Leder C. B. Davenport. Long Island, N. Y. Cold Spring Harbor. Eugenics. Organ for «American Eugenics Society», New Haven, Conn. Eugenics Review. Organ for «Eugenics Society», London. Leder E. Moore. Eugenik. Utg. A. Ostermann. Berlin. Genetica. Utg. J. P. Lotzy, sGravenhage. Genetics. Utg. G. H. Shull. Brooklyn Botanical Gardens. Hereditas. Utg. ...
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The Progress of Eugenic Sterilization Paul Popenoe Human Betterment Foundation, Pasadena More than 150,000,000 people are now living under laws providing for eugenic sterilization in selected cases. The operations used for sterilizing patients, without unsexing them, are of relatively recent origin. It is true that as long ago as 1823, Dr. James Blundell read a paper before the Medico-Chirurgical Society of London in which he suggested that the fallopian tubes, which conduct the egg cell from the ovary to the uterus, might be cut at the time of a Caesarean operation, thus preventing future pregnancy. But so far as is known, Dr. Blundell never performed such an operation, but merely offered it as a possibility. In 1881 Dr. S. S. Lungren of Toledo, Ohio, tied the tubes of a patient with silk at the time of a Caesarean section in order to prevent future pregnancy. Such a ligature is still used sometimes, but since about one case in five ends in failure, it cannot be regarded as good surgical ...
During the 20th Century many countries around the world adopted policies, influenced by the ideas of eugenics. The general purpose of these eugenic policies was meant to improve the genetic stock of each countrys superior population. Most people are probably aware of the eugenic policies of the Nazi government in Germany. Less well known are the eugenic beliefs of other world leaders, such as Winston Churchill, Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt ...
In Tuesdays ruling on Indianas abortion law, Justice Clarence Thomas took the national debate over the right to choose to a dark new place: eugenics. His 20-page concurring opinion included an extensive discussion of the eugenics movement of the early 20th century. Thomas argued that as the justices consider abortion going forward, they should pay more attention to its potential to become a tool of eugenic manipulation.. In making his argument, Thomas cited my book Imbeciles: The Supreme Court, American Eugenics, and the Sterilization of Carrie Buck repeatedly. (He also cited an article I wrote about Harvards ties to eugenics). I dont want to appear ungrateful: Its an honor to be relied on by the highest court in the land, and these days, nonfiction authors appreciate just being read at all. But Thomas used the history of eugenics misleadingly, and in ways that could dangerously distort the debate over abortion.. Thomass opinion came as an addendum to a decision that sidestepped the most ...
Ann Farmer traces the development of abortion from its eugenics days right to the present hour. You might associate eugenics with Hitler and the Holocaust. But it was actually a British geneticist, Francis Galton, who coined the term eugenics in 1883.. Eugenics literally means good genes, good race, or good stock. It became an international academic discipline, with research journals, conferences, books, and scientific centres - all devoted to the study of eugenics. The eugenicists believed that they should intervene in human population and reproduction so that the genes of the human race would be improved.. In addition, the eugenicists were almost always radical believers in the theory of overpopulation. The theory of overpopulation originated the writings of Thomas Malthus, an English cleric and scholar, in 1798. He stated that the human population was growing at an unsustainable rate and that by 1890 there would be no food as a result. He therefore advocated restricting access to ...
The word Eugenics means good genes. Eugenicists believe that principles of Darwins theory regarding the survival of the fittest can be used to support the elimination of weak and undesirable people from society. When Adolf Hitler applied Darwins theory of evolution and the principles of eugenics to the goals of the German state, the result was the murder of eleven million men, women and children. These lives were sacrificed in the name of eugenics. Eugenicists were seeking to improve the conditions of life for humanity by creating a superior race of people. The eugenics movement had a very dark side, which led to social control, loss of reproductive freedom, and the loss of life. Should we be concerned that modern genetic science might have a dark side as well? Will the fruit of genetic research be misused by ill-intentioned people to gain control over others as happened with eugenics in the past? Has modern genetics completely severed itself from its roots? Or, might it become the tool ...
Want to live smart healthy baby to avoid 10 dangerous mistakes! Sohu maternal child is quantity, or quality? The answer is definitely the latter, so, how to give birth to high quality baby? It must be mentioned that eugenics. Eugenics is a broad topic, many aspects are related to the behavior of eugenics. In addition to eugenics can make more healthy offspring, but also can reduce the pain due to birth defects to the family. Here, let us explore the birth of the minefield. Chongqing Modern Womens Hospital doctors, 10 errors of eugenics, want to give birth to a healthy baby clever words, remember to avoid inbreeding, 1 oh. As a result of the law of heredity, consanguineous marriage can lead to childrens mental decline or deformity, congenital diseases will increase the chance of occurrence. 2, sick pregnant. The disease will bring the crisis to the family, if the sick pregnant and children, will affect the childs health. 3, the elderly pregnant. The best age for women is 25-30 years old, ...
Full history exposed: Tribeca Film Festival carrying out Nazi agenda of genocide, eugenics and extermination via science and medicine
The United States During the Progressive era, ca. 1890 to 1920, was the first country to concertedly undertake compulsory sterilization programs for the purpose of eugenics.[109] Thomas C. Leonard, professor at Princeton University, describes American eugenics and sterilization as ultimately rooted in economic arguments and further as a central element of Progressivism alongside wage controls, restricted immigration, and the introduction of pension programs.[110] The heads of the programs were avid proponents of eugenics and frequently argued for their programs which achieved some success nationwide mainly in the first half of the 20th Century. Eugenics had two essential components. First, its advocates accepted as axiomatic that a range of mental and physical handicaps-blindness, deafness, and many forms of mental illness-were largely, if not entirely, hereditary in cause. Second, they assumed that these scientific hypotheses could be used as the basis of social engineering across several ...
Posted on 06/13/2007 11:59:38 AM PDT by LUMary. Eugenic Darwinism by: Wendy Cook, June 04, 2007 Charles Darwin is partly to blame for eugenics, according to Discovery Institute senior fellow John West. Merriam-Webster s defines eugenics as a science that deals with the improvement (as by control of human mating) of hereditary qualities of a race or breed. Darwin said that because of our sense of compassion we couldn t simply follow the dictates of reason and get rid of the unfit, but he certainly provided the logical basis for why we should do so and later the eugenicists quoted this passage and they weren t quoting it out of context, because in The Descent of Man Darwin really did argue that our progress as humans is dependent on a struggle for survival and that we were really impeding human progress by trying to undercut that struggle for survival, Dr. West explained to an audience at the Family Research Council recently. With savages, the weak in body or mind are soon eliminated; and those ...
After a ten-year deliberation process, North Carolina is set to be the first state to offer monetary compensation to victims of government-sponsored sterilization. Between 1929 and 1974, the state sterilized an estimated 7,600 people by choice, force or coercion under the authority of the North Carolina Eugenics Board program. The North Carolina General Assembly in…
Two men sued the state Monday for damages over their forced sterilization under a now-defunct eugenics protection law that mandated the prevention of peopl
Written by Pamela Merritt for RH Reality Check. This diary is cross-posted; commenters wishing to engage directly with the author should do so at the original post. A task force in North Carolina recently ruled that survivors of that states eugenics program should be paid $50,000 each in financial compensation. Eugenics is often defined as the science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics. The practice of eugenics was not limited to Nazi Germany nor is it a well kept secret thats been waiting to be discovered by organizations opposed to reproductive justice. In America, state governments set up eugenics boards that determined the reproductive future of thousands. I grew up listening to my maternal Grandmother, a Mississippi native, warn against trusting doctors and passing along lessons she learned from other poor women of color who went into a hospital to give birth only to later find out that they were ...
Not to be outdone by her followers, Margaret Sanger spoke of sterilizing those she designated as unfit, a plan she said would be the salvation of American civilization.: And she also spike of those who were irresponsible and reckless, among whom she included those whose religious scruples prevent their exercising control over their numbers. She further contended that there is no doubt in the minds of all thinking people that the procreation of this group should be stopped. That many Americans of African origin constituted a segment of Sanger considered unfit cannot be easily refuted.. While Planned Parenthoods current apologists try to place some distance between the eugenics and birth control movements, history definitively says otherwise. The eugenic theme figured prominently in the Birth Control Review, which Sanger founded in 1917. She published such articles as Some Moral Aspects of Eugenics (June 1920), The Eugenic Conscience (February 1921), The purpose of Eugenics ...
Paul A. Lombardo, Medicine, Eugenics, and the Supreme Court: From Coercive Sterilization to Reproductive Freedom, 13 J. Contemp. Health L. & Poly 1 (1997 ...
Discussions with Vermont librarians about the Vermont Eugenics Project -- the bitter historical reality underlying The Darkness Under the Water -- often come, with sorrow, to Vermont author Dorothy Canfield Fisher. Author of Understood Betsy and many other well-loved childrens books, Fisher also wrote abundantly for adults. She campaigned for sensible future plans for her adopted home state (like many another flatlander turned Vermont taxpayer). In the early 1900s she saw the potential for tourism as a major revenue source for Vermont and urged a program of preparation, including tidying the landscape. Her thinking led her to approve of a Vermont peopled by camera-ready Yankee farmers, making do, polishing kitchens, and speaking in similar dialects. And her influence in the political and social world of her day contributed to the mood in which Vermont legislators finally passed a law that allowed invasive surgery of women who shouldnt have more children. The point was, to clean up the ...
Selecting on grounds of intelligence would be a form of positive eugenics, in that it would increase the general intelligence level of the population. But if it were merely a free choice by parents, I doubt if it would reduce intellectual inequality. Indeed, it could increase it, even if selection were free for the poor. The vast majority of children are conceived naturally, so would not go through in vitro selection. I hate to say this, but the potential parents who would opt for selection are likely to be more intelligent anyway: their aim would be to avoid having a child who is not intelligent enough to qualify for selective education. Those who have never benefited from selective education themselves might not want their children to be more intelligent than them, or they simply might not care about their childrens intellectual level. We know that one of the biggest obstacles for intelligent children from disadvantaged backgrounds is the attitude of their family and peers to education: ...
In 1927, the Supreme Court handed down a ruling so disturbing, ignorant, and cruel that it stands as one of the great injustices in American history. In Imbeciles, bestselling author Adam Cohen exposes the courts decision to allow the sterilization of a young woman it wrongly thought to be -feebleminded- and to champion the mass eugenic sterilization of undesirable citizens for the greater good of the country. The 8-1 ruling was signed by some of the most revered figures in American law--including Chief Justice William Howard Taft, a former U.S. president; and Louis Brandeis, a progressive icon. Oliver Wendell Holmes, considered by many the greatest Supreme Court justice in history, wrote the majority opinion, including the courts famous declaration -Three generations of imbeciles are enough ...
Most of all, American raceologists were proud to have inspired the strictly eugenic state the Nazis were constructing. … Stanford President David Starr Jordan originated the notion of race and blood in his 1902 racial epistle Blood of a Nation, in which the university scholar declared that human qualities and conditions such as talent and poverty were passed through the blood. …. Jerusalem Post, December 30, 2012. Introduction: If Americas response to the unfolding Holocaust is characterized as passive, its role in promoting the science behind Nazi racism, justification for the Holocaust, was active, even aggressive. American participation in the evolution of Germanys rassenhygiene took place on many levels from biologists to physicians, from academicians to philanthropists. Two presidents supported the goal of a pure American race, and the US Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes in a majority decision wrote, `It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute ...
In feminist theory and gender studies, gender essentialism is the attribution of a fixed essence to women.[6] Womens essence is assumed to be universal and is generally identified with those characteristics viewed as being specifically feminine.[6] These ideas of femininity are usually related to biology and often concern psychological characteristics such as nurturance, empathy, support, non-competitiveness, etc.[6] Feminist theorist Elizabeth Grosz states in her 1995 publication, Space, Time and Perversion: Essays on the Politics of Bodies, that essentialism entails the belief that those characteristics defined as womens essence are shared in common by all women at all times. It implies a limit of the variations and possibilities of change-it is not possible for a subject to act in a manner contrary to her essence. Her essence underlies all the apparent variations differentiating women from each other. Essentialism thus refers to the existence of fixed characteristic, given attributes, and ...
North Carolina could become the first state to compensate people who were forcibly sterilized in programs across the country that began during the Great Depression and continued for decades, targeting individuals deemed feeble-minded or otherwise unfit.. In a proposed budget, lawmakers have set aside $10 million for one-time payments to an estimated 1,500 people still alive who were part of a state program that sterilized 7,600 men, women and children from 1929 to 1974. The amount of each payout would be determined by how many people came forward.. North Carolina is among 32 states that ran so-called eugenics programs, although may states abandoned them after World War II because of the movements association with the practices of Nazi Germany. By contrast, North Carolina actually expanded its program in the postwar era.. Advocates of eugenics believed that involuntary sterilization of individuals deemed inferior would strengthen the gene pool and reduce poverty.. Julie Rose, of member station ...
North Carolina should pay a significant sum to living victims of the states decades-long sterilization program and do it soon, a task force recommended in its final report to Gov. Bev Perdue.. The report, issued Jan. 27 by a five-member task force appointed by Perdue, makes the most definitive and potentially viable case yet for compensating the survivors of North Carolinas officially sanctioned eugenics program.. From the early 1930s to the early 1970s, some 7,600 North Carolinians were sterilized after being judged feebleminded, recklessly promiscuous, epileptic or some combination thereof. The majority were poor white women, and the program disproportionately targeted racial minorities.. Eugenics programs took place in 32 states, but North Carolina is the only one to have come this far in trying to redress the attendant abuses.. Most of Western North Carolina didnt actively participate in the program, but Buncombe County did. As Carolina Public Press reported last summer, Buncombe was ...
Reacting to todays (4th October 2010) news of the award of the Nobel prize for medicine to Robert Edwards, Dr David King, Director of Human Genetics Alert (1) said, I find it shocking that the Nobel Foundation should honour a man who has been a lifelong supporter of eugenics. That is immensely hurtful to millions of disabled people, like myself.. …It will no doubt be argued that it would be wrong for the Nobel Foundation to refuse to award prizes to scientists because it does not like their political views. But, said Dr King, That argument does not apply here, because the issue of eugenics has been so totally intertwined with the whole history of genetics and reproductive technology. This is no better than giving the Peace Prize to a racist.…. …When people say PGD is expensive, I always say what is the price of a disabled baby who is born. What is the cost for anyone to bear? That is a terrible price for anybody to bear, and the financial cost is immense. A PGD by comparison is a ...
The latest book by Dr Simon Duffy, Director of the Centre for Welfare Reform, is now available to buy.. The Unmaking of Man reviews the history of the Holocaust for people with disabilities. Too few people realise that people with disabilities were not only victims of the Holocaust they were its first victims; they were the first victims of Nazi experiments in eugenics and murder. It was doctors who lobbied Hitler to convert institutions into early death camps and these technologies were then applied to the Jews.. This is not just a matter of history. When we examine the causes of moral breakdown in Hitlers Germany we find that some of the same factors are powerfully present today. There are philosophical confusions and insufficient recognition of the unique value of every human life. There are socio-economic insecurities and a sense of crisis; and people with disabilities remain poorer, more isolated and with diminished rights. The threat from new forms of eugenics is very real and ...
Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, a blog about euthanasia, assisted suicide, elder abuse, end-of-life care, palliative care. Most recent articles and news from around the world.
The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.. ...
McGill-Queen?s University Press is pleased to announce the appointment of Professor Erika Dyck as co-editor of the McGill-Queen?s/Associated Medical Services Studies in the History of Medicine, Health, and Society book series. She will join series co-editor Professor J.T.H. Connor of Memorial University, replacing the retiring Professor Emeritus Samuel O. Freedman.. Erika Dyck is Professor in the Department of History and Canada Research Chair in the History of Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan. Professor Dyck has researched and published widely in the history of psychiatry, mental health, reproductive health, deinstitutionalization, and eugenics. She is the author of sPsychedelic Psychiatry: LSD from Clinic to Campus (2008) and Facing Eugenics: Reproduction, Sterilization, and The Politics of Choice (2013), which was shortlisted for the Canada Prize in Social Sciences and for the Sir John A. Macdonald Prize. She serves as co-editor of the Canadian Bulletin for Medical History/Bulletin ...
Tuesday: Seeking a reckoning over sterilization practices, a defense fund for immigrants in Los Angeles, and a look back a woman who lived in a tree.
When I gave a speech at Emory Law School in Atlanta, students came up to me afterward and said that, with genetic testing readily available, women shouldnt be allowed to have children with disabilities, since it raises peoples insurance rates. --Lori B. Andrews, reproductive rights lawyer. All people have the right to have been conceived, gestated, and born without genetic manipulation. --Genetic Bill of Rights, Council for Responsible Genetics. We are entering a world where we have to consider the quality of our children. --Robert Edwards, IVF pioneer and cloning advocate. When cloning is safe, creation of children will not be a mystery but a choice, not only if and when, but what kind. --Gregory Pence, Ph.D., bioethicist and cloning advocate. A woman I know was told by her obstetrician that her fetus had Down syndrome. The doctor ordered her to abort, she refused.... Another woman was similarly coerced. Her doctor told her that her baby would be more like a fish than a human and ...
Bill Bennett has committed the horrendous crime of agreeing with professors from Stanford university and the University of Chicago. After all, it was only six years ago that Dr. John J. Donohue 3rd of Stanford Law School and Dr. Steven D. Levitt of the University of Chicago publicly argued that the high percentage of abortions in the 1970s was responsible for the drop in crime in the 1990s. Dr. Levitt, it may be recalled, was the winner of John Bates Clark award for the best economist under the age of 40. The Wall Street Journal even ran a book review by economist Steven E. Landsburg which praised Levitt for daring to address the question...of whether the effect on crime rates is a sufficient reason to legalize abortion. So, Bennetts thesis is neither remarkably new nor remarkably different from that advocated by abortion supporters and population control advocates for decades: get rid of poor people and the world would be better off. The strong liberal support for population control ...
Actually, its all pretty innocent. A Swiss company called GenePartner has launched its dating service designed to match men and women based on the correla
Cary Fowler is the Trusts Executive Director. Fowler was Professor and Director of Research in the Department for International Environment & Development Studies at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. He was also a Senior Advisor to the Director General of Bioversity International. There he represented the Future Harvest Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in negotiations on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources. In the 1990s, he headed the International Program on Plant Genetic Resources at the FAO. He drafted and supervised negotiations of FAOs Global Plan of Action for Plant Genetic Resources, adopted by 150 countries in 1996. He is a past-member of the National Plant Genetic Resources Board of the US and the Board of Trustees of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in Mexico, another Rockefeller Foundation and CGIAR project ...
In Peru, evidence is piling up that the murderous Shining Path narco-terrorist group has been financed and armed by WWF. At minimum, Shining Path has served as the WWFs enforcers in areas like the Upper Huallaga River Valley, the worlds premier cocaine-producing region and an area dense with ecologically protected areas (4). In the Apurimac Reserved Zone (5), the Peruvian Army recently discovered mass graves and concentration camps run by Shining Path. The victims of the Shining Path brutality: the Ashaninka Indians. As far back as the mid-1960s, WWF had targeted this area of Peru as an ideal site for a future protected area. The obstacle was the Ashaninka, who had farmed and hunted the area for centuries, and were apparently open to modernization and integration into Peruvian society. Shining Path moved into the area in the 1980s, after 1.6 million hectares had been set aside as the Apurimac Reserved Zone and began the systematic murder and enslavement of the Ashaninka. All done under the ...
Hughes writes that I have asserted that the project was a form of eugenics and cultural imperialism. The first thing I would want to be very clear about is that there is no such project in existence and so I dont think it IS anything at all, strictly speaking. The only actually-existing Project to which Hughes essay refers here is The Great Ape Project, and I happen to so approve of the Great Ape Project that readers of Amor Mundi will find a link to it in my blogroll, indeed will find that it is something to which I have drawn the attention of my students in many courses that touch on questions of nonhuman animal rights or environmental justice. That should come as no surprise to anybody who knows that I have been an ethical vegetarian for nearly twenty years, have written and taught extensively on animal rights questions, and so on. I wouldnt want anybody mistakenly to think I disdain the actually-existing and actually-important work of the Great Ape Project as a form of eugenics and ...
Griffiths (1999), Okasha (2002), and LaPorte (2004) have suggested a form of species essentialism which can be called relational essentialism. According to relational essentialism, certain relations among organisms, or between organisms and the environment, are necessary and sufficient for membership in a species. Such relations, argue Griffiths, Okasha, and LaPorte, are species essences. For example, they suggest that being descendent from a particular ancestor is necessary and sufficient for being a member of a species.. Devitt (2008) rejects relational essentialism. He argues that relational essentialism fails to answer two crucial questions. The taxon question: Why is organism O a member of species S? The trait question: Why do members of species S typically have trait T? Devitt suggests that to answer these questions species need intrinsic essences; and because relational essentialism only posits relational essences, relational essentialism fails to answer these questions. Devitts target ...
Appendix Essentialism Teach just what people need to learn Essentialism calls on us to teach the essence of any subject rather than unimportant, distracting, and peripheral details. By teaching essentials, … - Selection from E-Learning by Design, 2nd Edition [Book]
This article analyses neuronal determinism (neurodeterminism) and mentions that at first sight it appears to be a type of qualified determinism. Neurodeterminism is better conceived as determinism tout court when it is applied to human beings. It differs importantly from genetic determinism, together the two views that are often regarded as similar in form if not in content. Moreover, the article examines the question of genetic determinism, because it is a paradigm of qualified determinism. It then explains the meaning of determinism tout court, its relation with the notions of
My candidate for the start of the Anthropocene is the controlled and habitual use of fire - the origin of the hearth, the camp fire, and self-domestication around 1.5-2 million years ago. The reasons for picking on fire as the human invention that marked the onset of the Anthropocene are that it is arguably a co-productive technology that radically altered both human physiology and social life as well as the environment. Fire-cooked food requires far less digestive processing, fire thus allowed the development of a radically shortened human gut relative to primates, thereby freeing energy for the development of a larger brain.The development of habitual use of hearths and camp-fires also transformed identity and community, spatiality and temporality. Fires enabled the development of technologies of connection and cooperation- language and stories. Having a camp-fire altered circadian rhythms and radically extended the day creating effective time for social activities that did not conflict ...
Page topic: Comparative genomic evidence for self-domestication in Homo sapiens. Created by: Lorraine Quinn. Language: english.
Theological determinism is a form of determinism which states that all events that happen are pre-ordained, or predestined to happen, by a monotheistic deity, or that they are destined to occur given its omniscience. Two forms of theological determinism exist, here referenced as strong and weak theological determinism.[21] The first one, strong theological determinism, is based on the concept of a creator deity dictating all events in history: everything that happens has been predestined to happen by an omniscient, omnipotent divinity.[22] The second form, weak theological determinism, is based on the concept of divine foreknowledge - because Gods omniscience is perfect, what God knows about the future will inevitably happen, which means, consequently, that the future is already fixed.[23] There exist slight variations on the above categorisation. Some claim that theological determinism requires predestination of all events and outcomes by the divinity (i.e. they do not classify the weaker ...
First, Planned Parenthood was founded by Margaret Sanger, a white, anti-Life activist who promoted negative eugenics (preventing the proliferation of populations believed to be inferior through elimination, birth control, sterilization, and state regulation of fertility, among other methods). She proposed extreme measures in an attempt to ensure that only certain people be allowed to live in her ideal world. This world excluded a host of individuals and groups she and her powerful ilk deemed unfit, including - among others - the weak, the mentally or physically impaired, and the poor. Some of Sangers actions suggest that she may have considered the white population to be superior to blacks. For example, Sanger colluded with black leaders to promote birth control and sterilization among black populations disproportionately. Sangers radical eugenic views led to a lifetime of attempting to eliminate so-called undesirable human beings from civilization. …those of us who believe that the ...
FAA aeronautical and local business information for airport John Harris Field (AR05), AR, US, covering airport operations, communications, weather, runways, comments and remarks, approach plates and procedures, services, all reporting businesses and FBOs, and kneeboard print outs.
The fact that the image of Stopes was chosen by a group of female academics and historians underscores the very real foothold that eugenics-style thinking still maintains amongst 21st century elitists.. Alex Jones 2007 documentary End Game exposes how the origins of eugenics began not with Hitler and the Nazis, but in fact with the Anglo-American elite towards the end of the 19th century.. The same sentiments continue to be advanced, albeit under different guises such as the Optimum Population Trust movement and some aspects of environmentalism, such as the promotion of one child policies to reduce global warming.. Infamously, an Australian ABC News website aimed at children caused outrage back in May when it advised kids of when you should die by calculating their carbon footprint.. Perhaps most disturbing is the fact that many would still find common ground with Stopes disgusting Nazi ideology even today. Indeed, one of the first reader comments on a Daily Mail article on the subject in ...
3. Planned Parenthood abortion centers that target minority communities for eugenics cleansing of the gene pool.. 4. Inoculation of all vaccine recipients with hidden, cancer-causing viruses that are deliberately allowed to contaminate many vaccines. (See the SV40 Simian Virus fiasco affecting 98 million Americans via the polio vaccine.) (Also, read the book Plague by Judy Mikovitz.). 5. The planned, deliberate use of cancer-causing ingredients in the popular food supply, including sodium nitrite in processed meat, inducing widespread cancer and early deaths (the clueless population then eats itself to death, while enriching the cancer industry).. 6. Spiking public health vaccines with covert sterilization chemicals, exactly as has been confirmed in African vaccination campaigns that target young black women for sterilization without their knowledge or consent.. If you do not know that mass sterilization efforts are underway right now to eliminate human fertility and drastically reduce the ...
Industrialist Alfred P. Sloan, as head of General Motors, was a Nazi collaborator, and ardent admirer of Hitler. Sloans hatred of blacks was almost as intense as his hatred of Jews. He had a close connection with the eugenics movement which eventually became the Human Genome Project. The Sloan Foundation, together with the Rockefeller nexus, held a long standing interest in population reduction, including their involvement with the introduction of mysterious new vaccines together with the World Health Organization, which has a stated policy of population reduction, as clearly set forth in Agenda 21. ( This dubious enterprise led to a massive vaccine initiative to vaccinate against relatively rare tetanus in The Philippines, Nicaragua, and Mexico. These vaccine vials, distributed by the WHO, were found to contain hCG, which when combined with tetanus toxoid carrier, stimulated formation of antibodies against human chorionic gonadotropin, rendering women incapable of ...
Coerced sterilization is a shameful part of Americas history, and one doesnt have to go too far back to find examples of it. Used as a means of controlling undesirable populations - immigrants, people of color, poor people, unmarried mothers, the disabled, the mentally ill - federally-funded sterilization programs took place in 32 states throughout the 20th century. Driven by prejudiced notions of science and social control, these programs informed policies on immigration and segregation.. As historian William Deverell explains in a piece discussing the Asexualization Acts that led to the sterilization of more than 20,000 California men and women,If you are sterilizing someone, you are saying, if not to them directly, Your possible progeny are inassimilable, and we choose not to deal with that.. According to Andrea Estrada at UC Santa Barbara, forced sterilization was particularly rampant in California (the states eugenics program even inspired the Nazis):. ...
The best way to fool people about their present and future, is to downright lie about their past. This is what the abortion industry has to do in order to sell death as a phony choice. Black Americans have a long and tragic history in America that, despite deep-seated racism and eugenics (from organizations like Planned Parenthood), has led to many triumphs. The abolition of slavery, as celebrated across the country on Juneteenth (June 19th), was one such victory. The Juneteenth holiday commemorates the emancipation of slaves in Texas in April 1865, two years after Lincolns Emancipation Declaration. Each civil rights battle since then, though seemingly impossible, has resulted in the ability to live life more freely and less threatened by violence. These achievements could only result from a multi-racial coalition of Americans, black and white, dedicated to the righteous pursuit of human dignity and justice. The Radiance Foundation has launched a massive billboard campaign in Atlanta, GA to ...
That scientific theory manifests in the nazi movement, because the nazis believed in the Science of Eugenics that they were actually a superior race! And they believed that the jews were an inferior race ! Thats science, thats not RELIGION.So dawkins doesnt talk about that science, science is only whats good and wondeful according to him.So science has its downside as well, now religion has its downside also, but its kind of unfair fight like when you take the best of science, the worst of religion and write a book about that ! And just say hey, science is the answer and religion is evil.Sam harris, another person he says Gee, isnt religion horrible, it caused all these WARS. I say Well gee, what was the 20th century? World war 1 ? was that about religion? wasnt that NATIONALISM? World war 2 was that about religion? Wasnt that Fascism? All the cold wars, werent those about COMMUNISM? Communism is anti-religion! So the 20th century, the bloodiest century in human history is all wars ...
State legislators in North Carolina in June passed over a proposal that sought to compensate the living survivors of the states long-lasting forced sterilization and eugenics program, citing budgetary concerns.
David Solway on the feminist enthusiasm for fatness: In a speech on the topic of radical fat liberation jointly sponsored by the Women and Gender Studies Department and the Centre for Equity and Inclusion at St. Olaf College in Minnesota, the prodigiously overweight Sonalee Rashatwar, a self-proclaimed Fat Sex Therapist, compared fitness trainers to Nazis, defined child dieting as sexual assault, attributed the Christchurch shooting to thin white supremacism, and condemned science as fataphobic for promoting the idea that certain bodies are fit, able and desirable. She wonders, rhetorically, is it my fatness that causes my high blood pressure, or is it my experience of weight stigma? She goes on to blame the Reagan administration for having refused to provide social supports that also help me to subsidise my food costs. When not equating routine health advice with eugenics and Nazi science, Ms Rashatwar claims that diet culture and fat phobia are forms of sexual violence. Mr ...
Video on The allegations of illegal sterilization in California prisons echo the forced sterilizations that took place in California nearly 50 years ago - and serve as a sharp reminder of the California connection between eugenics and the Nazis.
By Wesley J. Smith, J.D., Special Consultant to the CBC Our sense of entitlement - including not only to have a child, but the child we want - is driving us to ever greater extremes. The Daily Mail has a
Analyzes constructions of disability as deviance in current and historical contexts such as American eugenics, Nazi sterilization and Euthanasia crimes, and present national policies. Prerequisites: Six hours of Sociology including SOC 001 and SOC 100, or SOC 001 and SOC 101; or HST 190/HS 190; or HST 139/HS 139; or Instructor permission ...
In September 2020, nurse Dawn Wooten courageously exposed the forced gynecological procedures and medical abuses inflicted on immigrants at the Irwin County Detention Center in Georgia. Her disclosure catalyzed further resistance. A collective of birth workers, healthcare workers, healers, and public health practitioners condemned the abuses and called for a full transformation of health systems in their powerful Health, Healing Justice & Liberation Statement, part of the #ShutDownIrwin campaign anchored by Project South. It recognizes that ICE abuses are part of larger legacies of harm, including the prison and medical industrial complexes, violent and dehumanizing immigration policies and rhetoric, and racist population control and eugenics practices. Join some of the co-writers and editors of the statement to discuss their resistance, and learn how we can reimagine these damaging systems, support the healing of survivors, and stand up against the carceral state. Speakers: Courtni Andrews, ...
The goal of this course, taught by Rudy Le Menthéour, is to provide students with the means to better understand the ideological roots of modern hygiene and health policies. At first sight, hygiene and eugenics have nothing in common: the former is usually conceived as a good management -either private or public- of our everyday conditions of life, whereas the later are commonly reviled for having inspired discriminatory practices not only in Nazi Germany, but also in democratic countries like the US, Sweden, and Switzerland. Our inquiry explores how a sub-discipline of Medicine -namely Hygiene- was redefined, expanded its scope and developed its ambitions, and eventually became hegemonic both in the medical field and in the civil society. We also explore how and why a philanthropic ideal led to the quest for the improvement of the human species. This seminar also helps us reconsider the legacy of enlightened hygiene, and more broadly of the Enlightenment. Although the course focuses on ...
In 1987, Adrian Raine, who describes himself as a neurocriminologist, moved from Britain to the US. His emigration was prompted by two things. The first was a sense of banging his head against a wall. Raine, who grew up in Darlington and is now a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, was a researcher of the biological basis for criminal behaviour, which, with its echoes of Nazi eugenics, was perhaps the most taboo of all academic disciplines.. In Britain, the causes of crime were allowed to be exclusively social and environmental, the result of disturbed or impoverished nurture, rather than fated and genetic nature. To suggest otherwise, as Raine felt compelled to, having studied under Richard Dawkins and been persuaded of the all-embracing influence of evolution on behaviour, was to doom yourself to an absence of funding. In America, there seemed more open-mindedness on the question and, as a result, more money to explore it. There was also another good reason why Raine headed ...
Well done Mr. Blount!!! Please dont stop exposing liberals for what they really are: Evil Fascists. Check this out, Ive replaced a few words in the original story with words a liberal Nazi would likely say, and now look how it reads (not much difference):. Giving women and girls access to contraceptives is good for them and its also good for the master liberal race, liberal propagandist Kavita Ramdas said at a discussion about womens health and eugenics at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. on Monday.. [E]mpowering women to time their pregnancies would reduce the time it would take to establish a pure liberal utopia, said Ramdas… The logic is simple: When women have the power to plan the disposal of their unborn babies, populations grow more slowly with fewer genetically defective children, Ramdas wrote.. This probably could have been written better, but I do not possess the evil mindset of these fascists to write it as they would.. ...
Despite a dark history marked by the eugenics movement, increasing numbers of people with disabilities are choosing to become parents. Recent research reveals that more than 4 million parents (six percent of American mothers and fathers) are disabled. This number will unquestionably increase as more people with disabilities exercise a broader range of lifestyle options as a result of social integration, civil rights, and new adaptive technologies. Likewise, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of veterans who are returning from war with service-connected disabilities, some of whom may already be parents and others who will enter parenthood after acquiring their disability.. The right to parent without interference is protected by the U.S. Constitution and balanced by the judicially recognized power of the state to interfere to protect the well-being of its children. This book provides a comprehensive review of the barriers and facilitators people with diverse disabilities (including ...
Eugenics[edit]. Crick occasionally expressed his views on eugenics, usually in private letters. For example, Crick advocated a ... and until we have a more uniform view of ourselves I think it would be risky to try and do anything in the way of eugenics... I ... form of positive eugenics in which wealthy parents would be encouraged to have more children.[86] He once remarked, "In the ...
The Eugenics Review, the journal of the Eugenics Education Society, commenced publication in 1909. Galton, the Honorary ... Heredity and eugenics[edit]. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by ... Gillham, Nicholas Wright (2001a). A Life of Sir Francis Galton: From African Exploration to the Birth of Eugenics. Oxford ... The word eugenics would sufficiently express the idea; it is at least a neater word and a more generalised one than viriculture ...
"Nazi Eugenics". From the article:. Eugenics was later adopted by the Nazi party as a justification for the systematic ... 2) Did the eugenics programme lead to the Holocaust? The German WP article on eugenics addresses the question and says "maybe" ... As far as I can see the use of eugenics was only on their own population, calling the extermination of Jews and Romas eugenics ... The Nazi eugenics programs are most relevant historically because of their later impact on eugenics discourse -- the Nazis were ...
Eugenics[change , change source]. Main article: eugenics. This amazing idea of eugenics was rather different. Two things had ... On the history of eugenics and evolution, see Kevles, D (1998). In the name of Eugenics: genetics and the uses of human ... The idea to improve the human species by selective breeding is called eugenics. The name was proposed by Francis Galton, a ... The German Nazi government (1933-1945) used eugenics as a cover for their extreme racial policies, with dreadful results.[145] ...
... which created the Alberta Eugenics Board to oversee the sterilization campaign. The Alberta Eugenics Board consisted of four ... No mention of her position on the eugenics board was made in any of the official transcripts from her awards and honorary ... She was a member of the Alberta Eugenics Board from 1960 to 1963, before joining the University of Toronto and the Hospital for ... Due to her time spent on the Alberta Eugenics Board, Thompson served as an expert witness in the first wrongful sterilization ...
Like many fascist ideologues, Plato advocated for a state-sponsored eugenics program to be carried out in order to improve the ... "Eugenics". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford University. ...
Eugenics. - When people marry there are certain things that the individual as well as the race should demand. The most ... In the first edition of Civic Biology, Hunter briefly discusses eugenics on one page of the 432 page textbook. Along with many ... The science of being well born is called eugenics. ... Parasitism and its Cost to Society. - Hundreds of families such as those ... The views espoused in the book about evolution, race, and eugenics were common to American Progressives (especially in the work ...
"EUGENICS". The Sydney Morning Herald (29, 680). New South Wales, Australia. 17 February 1933. p. 11. Retrieved 6 November 2018 ... Littlejohn was also a proponent of eugenics. Littlejohn was a member of the Sydney Day Nursery Association's governing ...
Some of these articles were: Prophylaxis of contagious diseases; Hygiene in human growth; Eugenics; Open air schools; ...
They touch on such social issues as the care of the war-wounded; post-war decadence; eugenics; and the fate of destitute women ...
IBHF themes include: Arts; Bio 101; Business; Eugenics; Human Enhancement; International The IBHF facilitates numerous ...
He served in several official committees to promote eugenics. In 1934, he resigned from the Eugenics Society over a dispute ... Andrade da Cruz, Rodrigo (1980). Ronald Fisher and eugenics: Statistics, evolution and genetics in the quest for permanent ... Annals of Eugenics. 7 (2): 179-188. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1809.1936.tb02137.x. hdl:2440/15227.. ... In 1933, Fisher became the head of the Department of Eugenics at University College London.[33] In 1935, he published by The ...
Sparrow, Robert (October 2013). "Gender Eugenics? The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions". The American Journal of Bioethics ...
Comptes Rendus Biologies (333) 134:144 Fisher, R. A. (1915). "The evolution of sexual preference". Eugenics Review. 7 (3): 184- ...
Eugenics Quarterly. 14 (2): 121-126. doi:10.1080/19485565.1967.9987711. Robert McGinnis, "A Stochastic Model of Social Mobility ...
... a eugenics section of the American Breeders Association and the Eugenics Records Office were established. Both affiliations ... In essence, eugenics is a combination of Mendel's laws of genetics and Darwin's theory of evolution. It was believed that many ... Scientists discredited the eugenics movement after witnessing the events of World War II and the acts committed by the Nazis in ... An active eugenics movement occurred in the United Kingdom in the 19th century. By 1907, the first sterilization law was ...
Lehmann, Hermann (1954). "Distribution of the sickle cell trait". Eugenics Review. 46 (2): 113-116. PMC 2973326. PMID 21260667 ...
"Historical eugenics". Retrieved December 6, 2012. "Contemporary eugenics". Retrieved December 6, 2012. Tallis, Raymond (Summer ... and historical precedents for abuse in eugenics and population control. The journal also features broader philosophical ...
"Review of Statistical Methods for Research Workers (R. A. Fisher)". Eugenics Review. 18: 148-150. 1926. Zabell, S. L (March ... "Evolution By Selection: The Implications of Winter's Selection Experiment", 1933, Eugenics Review, 24, pg293 'Student's' ...
ISBN 978-1-57392-176-3. Fisher, Ronald A. (1915). "The evolution of sexual preference". Eugenics Review. 7 (3): 184-192. PMC ...
"Vermont Eugenics". 1931-03-31. Archived from the original on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-10-30. Henrik Palmgren. "The ... "Vermont: Eugenics: Compulsory Sterilization in 50 American States". University of Vermont. Archived from the original on ... Gallagher, Nancy (1999). Breeding Better Vermonters: The Eugenics Project in the Green Mountain State. Lebanon, NH: University ... later eugenics projects further decimated the Abenaki people of America through forced sterilization and questionable ' ...
Harvey RD (January 1995). "Pioneers of genetics: a comparison of the attitudes of William Bateson and Erwin Baur to eugenics". ... Their correspondence includes their discussion of eugenics. His son was the anthropologist and cyberneticist Gregory Bateson. ... Bateson, W. (1921). "Common sense in racial problems". Eugenics Review. 13: 325-338. Bateson, W. (1921). "Leonard Doncaster, ...
Notes Henry L (June 1961). "Some data on natural fertility". Eugenics Quarterly. 8 (2): 81-91. doi:10.1080/19485565.1961. ... Henry L (June 1961). "Some data on natural fertility". Eugenics Quarterly. 8 (2): 81-91. doi:10.1080/19485565.1961.9987465. ...
"The connection between American eugenics and Nazi Germany" James Watson speaks about Nazi eugenics Ian Kershaw, Hitler: A ... Perhaps this next one is appropriate? "Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Virginia, Eugenics, and Buck v. Bell" (USA) Eugenics ... Rosen, Christine (2004). "Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement". Oxford University Press. ... Eugenics - A Psychiatric Responsibility (History of Eugenics in Germany) "Sterilization Law in Germany" (includes text of 1933 ...
From 1931 to 1952, Blacker was secretary of the Eugenics Society and he gave it a new focus on birth control and population ... The differences in outlook, aspirations and in judgement of these two men during their partnership in office in the Eugenics ... 14; Issue 59380; col F. "Notes and memoranda". Eugenics Review. 35 (2): 42-43. 1943. PMC 2986108. Buckman, David (31 January ...
"Eugenics/Euthanasia". ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 2013-09-16. " ...
Eugenics Review. 46 (2): 101-21. PMC 2973326. PMID 21260667. The Arabic Muslims do not intermarry with Akhdam Muslims in Yemen ...
... a popular college textbook on eugenics (Applied Eugenics, edited by Richard T. Ely), which outlined his vision of a eugenics ... Additionally, Applied Eugenics contains a chapter expounding on Popenoe's belief in the racial inferiority of black people. An ... In the 1930s, he served as a member of the American Eugenics Society's board of directors, along with Charles B. Davenport, ... Eugenics in the United States Compulsory sterilization Relationship counseling Wilson, Robert Forrest (November 1921). ""Uncle ...
Popular Eugenics. Athens: Ohio University Press. "The sordid story of the once-popular eugenics movement". Washington Post. ... "AMERICAN EXPERIENCE: The Eugenics Crusade". Retrieved October 19, 2018. "California Eugenics". Retrieved ... "American Experience The Eugenics Crusade Premieres Tuesday, October 16 on PBS A Cautionary Tale About the Quest for Human ... "EUGENICS IN CALIFORNIA, 1896-1945 by Joseph W. Sokolik". Retrieved October 19, 2018. Kline, Wendy (November 21, ...
... leading to what is sometimes called new eugenics, also known as neo-eugenics, consumer eugenics, or liberal eugenics. ... Histories of eugenics (academic accounts). *. Black, Edwin (2003). War Against the Weak: Eugenics and Americas Campaign to ... "new era of eugenics", and that, unlike the Nazi eugenics, modern eugenics is consumer driven and market based, "where children ... Hansen, Randall (2005). "Eugenics". In Gibney, Matthew J.; Hansen, Randall. Eugenics: Immigration and Asylum from 1990 to ...
Eugenics in California is a notable part of eugenics in America. As an early leading force in the field of eugenics, California ... Eugenics takes three forms in California: limiting the number of children for whom a woman on welfare can get state support, ... Records of eugenics practices in California are held at the following agencies and institutions. The records are still ... In addition to the conquest to hurt the "undesirables" in the state, the California Eugenics plan also was a way to save the ...
Many people distinguish negative from positive eugenics, and coercive from non-coercive eugenics. The idea is that negative ... 14 Coercive eugenics uses force to achieve these ends, while non-coercive eugenics uses education, information, and social ... nor to the parochial views held by some advocates of eugenics in the early twentieth century. Likewise, defending eugenics does ... Liberal Eugenics: In Defense of Human Enhancement. New York: Blackwell Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Eugenics is a scheme for improving the human race by controlling reproduction. The practice of eugenics reached its height in ... Social progressives saw eugenics as a tool for social improvement and reform,while conservatives saw eugenics as a tool for ... Galtons presentation of eugenics came on the heels of Charles Darwins 1859book, The Origin of Species. Evolutionary theory ... The term eugenics, which from its Greek roots means "good in birth," was coined by Francis Galton in 1883. A wealthy cousin of ...
A collection of historical documents related to the early twentieth century Eugenics Survey of Vermont with narrative and ... The Eugenics Survey of Vermont: An Overview. 1928-1931 The Vermont Commission on Country Life: "Pride in Place & Ancestry" In ... The Eugenics Survey conducted studies of women at the Rutland Reformatory and the "Brandon Waiting List" for this committee. ... Perkins used the VCCL as a venue to promote eugenics in Vermont. The VCCL records reveal the growing tension between genetic ...
Biological determinism was closely associated with the eugenics movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Eugenics was coined in 1883 by British explorer and naturalist Francis Galton, who was influenced by the theory of natural ... The eugenics movement. One of the most prominent movements to apply genetics to understanding social and personality traits was ... the eugenics movement, which originated in the late 19th century. ...
... prominent proponent of eugenics, and influential interpreter of the philosophy and social role of science. His positivistic ... who especially sought to apply statistical reasoning to the study of biological evolution and eugenics. Pearson, likewise, was ... prominent proponent of eugenics, and influential interpreter of the philosophy and social role of science. ... intensely devoted to the development of a mathematical theory of evolution, and he became an acerbic advocate for eugenics. ...
EugenicsEugenics @ BroilersBroilers @ CarvedilolCarvedilol @ ... Supporters regarded eugenics as a social philosophy for the improvement of human hereditary traits through the promotion of ... The review of eugenics covers the applied science or the bio-social movement which advocates the use of practices ... The review covers the Chinese concept of Yousheng which is more appropriate than eugenics as an expression of Chinese social ...
... weve been practicing eugenics with livestock for millenia and it DOES work. The eugenics movement tried to control some ... Its more thant superficial. The problem with the eugenics movement was NOT that it couldnt word, ... "The term eugen-ics has been on an ideological hit list both by the irrational left as well as by an intimidated public. However ... The real history of eugenics, as Dr. Glad points, out is rich in a truly liberal vision for the improvement in the state of all ...
... a hero in American eugenics circles, functioned as a head of the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. The ... which coordinated much of their activity with the Eugenics Research Society in Long Island. American eugenics advocates ... Eugenics would have been so much bizarre parlor talk had it not been for extensive financing by corporate philanthropies, ... Only after eugenics became entrenched in the United States was the campaign transplanted into Germany, in no small measure ...
They supported the idea of positive eugenics, but focused most of their energies on negative eugenics. Eugenicists wrote ... negative eugenics). Eugenics became solidified into a movement in various countries throughout the world in the first three ... the Carnegie Institution of Washington closed the Eugenics Record Office in 1939. At the same time, eugenics took on a new life ... how close is this to eugenics? Significant social changes are expensive, however. If eugenics means making reproductive ...
Many Americans are unaware that the United States had a robust eugenics movement during the first few decades of the 20th ... The English eugenics movement, championed by Galton, promoted eugenics through selective breeding for positive traits. In ... Eugenics was not only the purview of academics, and it became a popular social movement that peaked in the 1920s and 30s. ... I have a couple of thoughts on why the history of eugenics is not more widely taught. I did learn about it a little bit in high ...
The attempt to improve future people is not medicine, however, but a new form of eugenics. In its willingness to risk producing ... It also ignores the fact that the social harms of eugenics extend far beyond is effects on individuals. If healthier or "better ... The ironic lesson of the new drive toward DNA-based eugenics (of which the mitochondrial replacement techniques would be the ... In particular, they will facilitate a new form of eugenics, the improvement of humans by deliberately choosing their inherited ...
... Sci Context. Autumn-Winter 1998;11(3-4):397-417. doi: 10.1017/s0269889700003100. ... The failure of the old eugenics to accurately predict who will have affected offspring virtually disappears when prenatal ... deflects society from social action that would reduce the burden of disease far more than even the maximum use of eugenics. ...
Policies designed to exclude the children of unwanted immigrants from citizenship have insidious roots in the eugenics movement ... Keywords: eugenics, immigration law, immigration, reproduction, undocumented immigrants, racism. Suggested Citation: Suggested ... The goals of the eugenics movement of yesteryears are carried out by behaviors that are much more retrograde than sterilization ... While immigration restrictionists may not subscribe to eugenics theory, they fear immigrants and their descendants on the same ...
Make research projects and school reports about eugenics easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Eugenics Dictionary of American History COPYRIGHT 2003 The Gale Group Inc.. EUGENICS. EUGENICS, like "pragmatism," was a new ... Mazumdar, Pauline M. H. Eugenics, Human Genetics, and Human Failings: The Eugenics Society, Its Sources, and Its Critics in ... Eugenics Encyclopedia of Public Health COPYRIGHT 2002 The Gale Group Inc.. EUGENICS. Attempts to improve human beings and to ...
What the good justice is talking about is called "eugenics." Eugenics is not a happy thought -- it is a movement of extremists ... What the good justice is talking about is called "eugenics." Eugenics is not a happy thought -- it is a movement of extremists ... Eugenics Still Alive and Well in 2012. By Michael J. Norton. Wouldnt it be great if politicians and other public figures ... Dick Lamm and ardent Planned Parenthood supporter, frequently advances the eugenics cause. In a Denver Post op-ed last year, ...
Eugenics, a widely accepted practice in the USA, would evolve into genocide as Hitler became more and more rabid in his racial ... Author of "Backdoor to Eugenics" and a contributor to "Whitewashing Race: The Myth of a Color-Blind Society," Duster was asked ... If "A Dangerous Idea" was solely about eugenics, it would be worth tracking down. But what gives it added value is its critique ... There is also a debunking of the Human Genome Project that implicitly served the eugenics project by putting forth the notion ...
... remained the primary scientific publication of German Eugenics. Edwin Black (November 9, 2003). "Eugenics and the Nazis -- the ... The concept of "eugenics" was mostly known under the term of Rassenhygiene or "racial hygiene". The loanword Eugenik was in ... Eugenics research in Germany before and during the Nazi period was similar to that in the United States (particularly ... Although the German eugenics movement, led until the Weimar years by Alfred Ploetz and Wilhelm Schallmayer, did not differ ...
Eugenics was made moral by the use of modern science, and particularly, the practice of Phrenology on which Eugenics is founded ... religiously dogmatic and culturally hegemonic could ever speak positively with regard to eugenics. At least to me, eugenics is ... 4) Eugenics was a Science later proved by Darwin, et. al. The superior bred had a duty to the lessers to cull the herd and thus ... I didnt know "Eugenics" was something that was considered "Benign" by so many people in our own dubious history. This is an ...
Eugenics viewed disabilities as related symptoms of "bad stock." Though eugenicists believed that immorality or poor living ...
Eugenics, the attempt to influence human breedingin the collective to better human genetic stock, was popular between 1890 ... Adams M (1990) Towards a comparative history of eugenics. In: Adams M (ed.) The Wellborn Science. Eugenics in German, France, ... Duster T (1990) Backdoor to Eugenics. London: Routledge. Kuhl S (1994) The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and ... Eugenics, the attempt to influence human breeding in the collective to better human genetic stock, was popular between 1890 ...
Sangers racist eugenics is not idiosyncratic. She reflects the triumphant eugenics elite that included presidents (Theodore ... Sangers eugenics program made relatively modest gains during her lifetime. But she and her associates succeeded in one area: ... As we demythologize Sanger, it is important to recognize how extreme her brand of eugenics was. Her much-republished "My Way to ... Race was never far from Sangers brand of eugenics. One of Sangers most cherished initiatives was the Negro Project, which ...
A Sendai court ruled that the constitutional rights of victims who were sterilized under the eugenics law were violated, but ... The Eugenics Protection Law was enacted by the Diet in 1948 in response to the serious food shortage and sharp population ... Even after the eugenics law was amended in 1996, the victims were provided with no compensation or apology for their suffering ... The Sendai District Court ruling on a damages suit filed by victims of forced sterilization under the old Eugenics Protection ...
... the eugenics movement dispersed Where did the ideas of eugenics come from In order to gain an understanding of Eugenics we must ... The Eugenics movement What is Eugenics? The term Eugenics was coined by Francis Galton in 1883. However.the science of ... The Eugenics society Some of British socialisms most celebrated names were among the champions of eugenics - •Sidney and ... while having a major influence on the negative eugenics ideas that would follow. Eugenics. designed form. These policies would ...
Eugenics, Today June 11, 2012 Scot McKnight Patheos Explore the worlds faith through different perspectives on religion and ... Eugenics is one way to help secure the "even playing field" conditions required by this kind of "meritocracy". Its no surprise ... It seems to me that under a "merit wins" premise, eugenics is more likely. This premise being that providing everyone has the ... Id imagine weve been doing eugenics on a smaller scale than Margaret Sanger wanted now for 40 years. ...
Harvard University Press has partnered with De Gruyter to make available for sale worldwide virtually all in-copyright HUP books that had become unavailable since their original publication. The 2,800 titles in the "e-ditions" program can be purchased individually as PDF eBooks or as hardcover reprint ("print-on-demand") editions via the "Available from De Gruyter" link above. They are also available to institutions in ten separate subject-area packages that reflect the entire spectrum of the Presss catalog. More about the E-ditions Program ». In this fourth edition of his standard work on Genetics, William Castle has given a more extended account of human heredity, of which our knowledge has considerably increased in recent years. The chapter on the unit-characters of rodents has been completely rewritten, as what we know of heredity in mammals depends very largely on this group. Polyploidy, parthenogenesis, and the artificial production of mutations are also topics requiring new discussion. ...
There is also a split between "liberal eugenics" and "authoritarian eugenics."[20] Liberal eugenics promotes consensual eugenic ... Tomorrows Children, a 1934 anti-eugenics flick. References[edit]. *↑ All of Galtons writing on eugenics is archived at galton ... The absurdity of eugenics[edit]. Whilst eugenics depends, in theory, on the perfectly valid science of genetics and appeals to ... Fun with eugenics![edit]. One way eugenics was popularized was through "Better Baby" contests. These contests were sponsored by ...
Tag: eugenics. The SFFaudio Podcast #631 - READALONG: Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy. Monday, May 24, 2021. Jesse Willis ... eugenics and race stuff, Milo Hastings City Of Endless Night, all coincidence and fortuitousness, a pandemic and a plague and ... eugenics theory, standard straight up racism, Id rather marry a native than marry you, an insult, heres how low Ill go, ... the eugenics, survivalists/white supremacists, weak or silly, ought to die, "to live and taint the race", "clean minded women ...
  • Osborn advocated for higher rates of sexual reproduction among people with desired traits (positive eugenics), or reduced rates of sexual reproduction and sterilization of people with less-desired or undesired traits (negative eugenics). (
  • The practice of eugenics reached its height in the period between the latenineteenth century and World War II, when German Nazis carried eugenic principles to the extremes of mass sterilization and genocide. (
  • California eugenicists began producing literature promoting eugenics and sterilization and sending it overseas to German scientists and medical professionals. (
  • Eugenics researcher Harry H. Laughlin often bragged that his Model Eugenic Sterilization laws had been implemented in the 1935 Nuremberg racial hygiene laws. (
  • The goals of the eugenics movement of yesteryears are carried out by behaviors that are much more retrograde than sterilization. (
  • The core principles of eugenics as they came to be understood by the mid-1930s were summarized in a report, Eugenical Sterilization: A Reorientation of the Problem, published in 1936 by the Committee for the Investigation of Eugenical Sterilization of the American Neurological Association. (
  • Eugenics is not a happy thought -- it is a movement of extremists who claim that humankind can be improved through selective breeding and sterilization. (
  • 1996) Eugenics and the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland. (
  • The Sendai District Court ruling on a damages suit filed by victims of forced sterilization under the old Eugenics Protection Law has determined that the law, which authorized sterilization of people with intellectual disabilities, mental illnesses and hereditary disorders to stop them from giving birth to "inferior offspring," was unconstitutional because it violated their rights to have children and pursue happiness. (
  • It is regrettable that the victims of forced sterilization under the eugenics policy are denied judiciary relief after being left unattended for decades - and more than 20 years after the eugenics law was finally amended in 1996 to scrap its discriminatory provisions authorizing forced sterilization on the grounds of disabilities. (
  • The court noted that the right to decide whether to have children relates to our foundation of life as humans and is a basic individual right guaranteed under the Constitution, and that sterilization under the eugenics law unilaterally deprived the victims of this right on irrational grounds and trampled on their dignity as individuals. (
  • The Sendai court ruling determined that it was "practically difficult" for the plaintiffs to seek damages within 20 years of their sterilization - since the procedures were performed lawfully under government policy when the eugenics law was still in place and because it was effectively hard for them to find evidence when the records of many sterilizations had been lost. (
  • Public opinion - Despite revulsion today around the practice of eugenics-which echoed the policies of Nazi Germany-there's was public support for sterilization in the early part of the 20th century. (
  • Overall, Ladd-Taylor, author of Fixing the Poor: Eugenic Sterilization and Child Welfare in the Twentieth Century , presented a nuanced picture of the dynamics of eugenics in the U.S. The practice was driven by state laws and reached its peak in the 1930s, though it continued in some states after World War II, despite horror surrounding Nazi atrocities. (
  • Compensation for Forced Sterilization Victims North Carolina panel moves to offer $50k to victims of eugenics program. (
  • Jan. 10, 2012 -- North Carolina will become the first state to compensate victims of a mass sterilization program that targeted poor minorities in a 20th century eugenics program, offering a $50,000 a person. (
  • Yet the same ideas that led to forced sterilization also led to restrictions in the workplace, because labor markets were one place where eugenics-oriented economists could combine their two interests. (
  • These skeptics equate all forms of eugenics, even benign and socially-beneficial programs, with Nazi sterilization laws and unscientific theories of racial superiority. (
  • For most people, the word 'eugenics' conjures historical horrors such as World War Two's Nazi race hygiene campaign, or, closer to home, America's own Progressive-era sterilization laws designed to eliminate what early twentieth-century scientists and policy-makers saw as socially dangerous hereditary tendencies. (
  • The doctor had labeled it a "eugenics sterilization. (
  • In the early 20th century across the country, medical superintendents, legislators, and social reformers affiliated with an emerging eugenics movement joined forces to put sterilization laws on the books. (
  • While California's eugenics programs were driven in part by anti-Asian and anti-Mexican prejudice, Southern states also employed sterilization as a means of controlling African American populations. (
  • Right now, there's a great little exhibit at New York University that brings to light the tragic events of the eugenics movement, including, for example, trends and statistics on that sterilization campaign. (
  • Negative eugenics, the predominant form in the US, discouraged reproduction and advocated sterilization for those perceived to have undesirable traits. (
  • In negative eugenics programs, sterilization was often performed involuntarily on patients, sometimes without the patient's knowledge of the consequences. (
  • An early advocate of eugenics, Harry H. Laughlin, Director of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor, New York, supported compulsory state sterilization laws and significantly shaped negative eugenics legislative policy in the United States. (
  • Eugenics provided the scientific foundation for involuntary sterilization policies in thirty-two states, supported the racist immigration policies in the first part of the twentieth century, and supported a variety of de jure and de facto policies designed to limit those defined as "unfit" to less than full-citizenship status. (
  • SENDAI - Two men sued the state Monday for damages over their forced sterilization under a now-defunct eugenics protection law that mandated the prevention of people with intellectual disabilities from reproducing. (
  • Furthermore, negative eugenics in particular is considered by many to be a violation of basic human rights, which include the right to reproduction. (
  • The first formal negative eugenics, that is a legal provision against birth of inferior human beings, was promulgated in Western European culture by the Christian Council of Agde in 506, which forbade marriage between cousins. (
  • Furthermore, many criticize negative eugenics in particular as a violation of basic human rights, seen since 1968's Proclamation of Tehran as including the right to reproduce. (
  • It meant to him "truly- or well-born," and referred to a plan to encourage the "best people" in society to have more children (positive eugenics) and to discourage or prevent the "worst elements" of society from having many, if any, children (negative eugenics). (
  • She acknowledges that Sanger was a "promoter" of eugenics, yet, in describing her motivation, the most she can muster is a variation of the mere-pragmatics defense: "In an effort to gain support, [Sanger] signed on to negative eugenics. (
  • By contrast, negative eugenics was less interested in "under-breeding" among the rich than in preventing "over-breeding" among the poor. (
  • A preference for negative eugenics would be shared by most eugenicists elsewhere. (
  • They took two approaches: positive and negative eugenics. (
  • The concept of positive eugenics to produce better human beings has existed at least since Plato suggested selective mating to produce a guardian class. (
  • German eugenicists were also particularly interested in increasing the number of "fitter" elements in society (positive eugenics) - where prior to the National Socialist takeover in 1933, "fitness" was understood more in terms of class than of race. (
  • Positive eugenics encouraged healthy people perceived to have above-average intelligence to reproduce. (
  • Eugenics" comes from the Greek roots for "good" and "origin," or "good birth" and involves applying principles of genetics and heredity for the purpose of improving the human race. (
  • Kevles DJ (1985) In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity. (
  • In vitro eugenics might be used to study the heredity of genetic disorders and to produce cell lines of a desired character for medical applications. (
  • By magnifying the mythic importance our culture assigns to heredity -- and by increasingly appropriating the right to define what is 'normal' in human biology and behaviour -- molecular biologists threaten to impose a new eugenics upon society. (
  • In 1911, the influential geneticist Charles Davenport published Heredity in Relation to Eugenics, advancing his ideas of how genetics would improve society in the 20th century. (
  • One of the most prominent movements to apply genetics to understanding social and personality traits was the eugenics movement, which originated in the late 19th century. (
  • Examining the development of eugenics in the early 20th century, especially in the United States, can be instructive for evaluating how genetics can be used and misused in biomedicine today. (
  • In any case, were Ross a biologist, or were he writing a scientific blog about genetics , I wouldn't quibble with his invocation of the word "eugenics. (
  • Available exclusively from its distributor Bullfrog Films, " A Dangerous Idea: Eugenics, Genetics and the American Dream " takes on the bogus science that underpins Trump's complaint about too many people from "shithole countries" like Haiti and not enough from Norway. (
  • Galton was responsible for many of the early works of eugenics, including attempts to connect genetics with a most prized trait known as intelligence . (
  • Despite half a century of warnings by moral conservatives, advances in genetics and reproductive technology have created the conditions for a consumer-driven mass eugenics industry. (
  • But in his provocative new book, The Science of Human Perfection , medical historian Nathaniel Comfort demonstrates that the American drive to improve health through science is something that historical eugenics and contemporary medical genetics share. (
  • Eugenics made the false conclusion that genetics was purely deterministic. (
  • [4] [5] The exact definition of eugenics has been a matter of debate since the term was coined by Francis Galton in 1883. (
  • In defending eugenics, I want to reclaim the spirit of authors like Francis Galton and Charles Darwin, who believed that our reproductive obligations change with our understanding of biology and our capacity to control it. (
  • 2 His cousin Francis Galton, a polymath who founded the eugenics movement, shared Darwin's diagnosis but was more optimistic about solutions. (
  • The term eugenics, which from its Greek roots means "good in birth," was coined by Francis Galton in 1883. (
  • Eugenics was coined in 1883 by British explorer and naturalist Francis Galton , who was influenced by the theory of natural selection developed by his cousin, Charles Darwin . (
  • Their work owed much to Francis Galton , who especially sought to apply statistical reasoning to the study of biological evolution and eugenics. (
  • The term eugenics was coined in 1883 by the Victorian polymath Francis Galton, geographer, statistician, and first cousin of Charles Darwin. (
  • The term eugenics was first coined by Francis Galton in the late 1800's (Norrgard 2008). (
  • The term eugenics, derived from the Greek eugenes, was first coined by the English mathematician and geographer Francis Galton (1822 - 1911) in his Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development (1883) to refer to one born "good in stock, hereditarily endowed with noble qualities. (
  • The term "eugenics" was coined by Francis Galton , a cousin of Charles Darwin , in his 1883 book Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development . (
  • Eugenics had been the brainchild of Charles Darwin's cousin Francis Galton, and was developed in response to Darwin's theory of natural selection. (
  • Originally founded as the National Laboratory for Eugenics, along with Britain's first and only professorial chair in the subject, the Institute was the result of a bequest by Sir Francis Galton-best known as the father of eugenics. (
  • The term eugenics, derived from the Greek word meaning "well born", was introduced in 1883 by British scientist and pioneer of statistics Francis Galton. (
  • In 1883, Sir Francis Galton, a nineteenth-century English social scientist, statistician, and psychologist, coined the term "eugenics" from the Greek word eugenes , meaning well-born. (
  • While eugenic principles have been practiced as far back in world history as ancient Greece , the modern history of eugenics began in the early 20th century when a popular eugenics movement emerged in the United Kingdom [8] and spread to many countries including the United States , Canada [9] and most European countries. (
  • The eugenics movement became negatively associated with Nazi Germany and the Holocaust when many of the defendants at the Nuremberg trials attempted to justify their human rights abuses by claiming there was little difference between the Nazi eugenics programs and the U.S. eugenics programs. (
  • The review of eugenics covers the applied science or the bio-social movement which advocates the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of human populations. (
  • The early German eugenics movement was led by Wilhelm Schallmayer and Alfred Ploetz. (
  • Henry Friedlander wrote that although the German and American eugenics movements were similar, the German movement was more centralized and did not contain as many diverse ideas as the American movement. (
  • Edwin Black wrote that after the eugenics movement was well established in the United States, it was spread to Germany. (
  • California was considered an epicenter of the American eugenics movement. (
  • Much of the spiritual guidance and political agitation for the American eugenics movement came from California's quasi-autonomous eugenic societies, such as Pasadena's Human Betterment Foundation and the California branch of the American Eugenics Society , which coordinated much of their activity with the Eugenics Research Society in Long Island. (
  • Eugenics became solidified into a movement in various countries throughout the world in the first three decades of the 20th century, but nowhere more solidly than in the United States and, after World War I, in Germany. (
  • However, ask the average person about the " eugenics movement" and you are likely to get blank stares. (
  • The eugenics movement took root in the United States in the early 1900's, led by Charles Davenport (1866-1944), a prominent biologist, and Harry Laughlin, a former teacher and principal interested in breeding. (
  • Eugenics was not only the purview of academics, and it became a popular social movement that peaked in the 1920s and 30s. (
  • The English eugenics movement, championed by Galton, promoted eugenics through selective breeding for positive traits. (
  • In contrast, the eugenics movement in the US quickly focused on eliminating negative traits. (
  • Policies designed to exclude the children of unwanted immigrants from citizenship have insidious roots in the eugenics movement. (
  • As an intellectual and social movement in the early twentieth century, eugenics came to mean, in the words of one of its strongest American supporters, Charles B. Davenport (1866 - 1944), "the improvement of the human race by better breeding. (
  • However, it was in the United States, Britain, and Germany that eugenics as an intellectual and social movement made its greatest strides and, from eugenicists' point of view, achieved its greatest ideological and political effects. (
  • A close examination of the history of the movement reveals another reason for politicians to distance themselves: key members of the anti-immigrant movement have promoted eugenics - the practice of selective breeding with the aim of "race betterment," a policy practiced by the Nazis. (
  • John Tanton , the architect of the modern day anti-immigrant movement, wrote a paper in 1975 titled, "The Case for Passive Eugenics. (
  • As "A Dangerous Idea" makes clear, the Nazis imitated the powerful eugenics movement in the USA, especially the writings of Harry Laughlin, the Superintendent of the Eugenics Record Office from its start in 1910 until its closing in 1939. (
  • Beatrice Webb regarded eugenics as 'the most important question' of all, while her husband revealed the statist and dirigiste character of the movement with his declaration that 'no eugenicist can be a laissez faire individualist… he must interfere, interfere, interfere! (
  • Sarah Palin has declared that climate change is the eugenics movement of the 21st century. (
  • We look back on the eugenics movement with proper horror. (
  • and 'who gets into elite colleges' has no relation to the eugenics movement? (
  • The White Man's Burden," the infamous poem of Rudyard Kipling that called America to the challenge or duties of imperialism in 1899 and led to the annexation of the Philippines by America, was written at around the same time that saw the birth of the eugenics movement in England. (
  • These shoddy methods of gathering information are among just a few of the factors that made the eugenics movement more of a witch hunt than a science. (
  • Historical work on eugenics has also begun to shift: Historians of the subject have long recognized Sanger's involvement in eugenics, but had not sufficiently acknowledged her importance for the movement. (
  • Conversations on Social Issues: Winter 2014 The Modern Eugenics Movement: Medical Ethics, Disability Justice, and Intersectionality Moderator: Ann Luetzow, Basic Studies Division, Disability. (
  • A History of Eugenics and Abortion A tragic chapter in American history began in the early 1900s with the rise of the eugenics movement. (
  • The population control movement is eugenics put into action. (
  • QUESTION: I've heard about the eugenics movement, but. (
  • Could Genomics Revive the Eugenics Movement? (
  • That same desire was at the root of the eugenics movement. (
  • Margaret Sanger, a strong advocate for women's reproductive rights, was also a supporter of the eugenics movement. (
  • This primary source set explores the eugenics movement to help readers analyze how racism, sexism, classism, and ableism (discrimination against people with disabilities) influenced eugenics laws and programs in the United States. (
  • (
  • James Watson talks about the relationship between science and the eugenics movement. (
  • It became a college textbook and a foundation for the widespread eugenics movement in the United States. (
  • Since the 1980s and 1990s, with new assisted reproductive technology procedures available, such as gestational surrogacy (available since 1985), preimplantation genetic diagnosis (available since 1989), and cytoplasmic transfer (first performed in 1996), concern has grown about the possible revival of a more potent form of eugenics after decades of promoting human rights. (
  • In particular, they will facilitate a new form of eugenics, the improvement of humans by deliberately choosing their inherited traits. (
  • In the paper, Tanton promotes a "passive" form of eugenics, which he clearly considered more palatable to the public. (
  • I explained the latter policy was a form of eugenics and was a neo-Malthusian policy. (
  • This systematic elimination of affected children before - or even at birth - is a contemporary form of eugenics and racism," it continued. (
  • These abortion advocates echo Margaret Sanger's words and beliefs in an attempt to foist Nazi-era eugenics on a new generation of Americans. (
  • Brisbane's Archbishop Mark Coleridge has compared Queensland's proposed decriminalization of abortion to Nazi Germany's eugenics program. (
  • A conservative law group has accused the abortion industry in countries like Iceland and Denmark of carrying out "evil eugenics," pointing to very high abortion rates for unborn babies with Down syndrome in a statement before the U.N.'s Human Rights Council. (
  • The abortion industry is once again using abortion to accomplish an evil eugenics agenda worldwide. (
  • What seems like individual choice in reproduction is really a very carefully controlled response to media bias toward abortion, euthanasia, and eugenics. (
  • The denial letter, the only thing it really stated was that there were no records found and that her case was not approved by the North Carolina Eugenics Board," Adams says. (
  • Support for eugenics and racial hygiene increased with the encouragement of Margaret Sanger in the United States. (
  • One of the early advocates of eugenics in the United States was Margaret Sanger, founder of what was to become Planned Parenthood. (
  • A new book about Margaret Sanger is adable, lively, and in many ways realistic about its subject, it is deeply unsatisfying as an ideological analysis, particularly on the question of Sanger's support for eugenics. (
  • Otherwise we could start making decisions that future generations would find to be as shameful as 20th century eugenics appears to us. (
  • [3] Modern bioethicists who advocate new eugenics describe it as a way of enhancing individual traits, regardless of group membership. (
  • Eugenics can be thought of as any attempt to harness the power of reproduction to produce people with traits that enable them to thrive. (
  • Supporters regarded eugenics as a social philosophy for the improvement of human hereditary traits through the promotion of higher reproduction of certain people and traits, and the reduction of reproduction of other people and traits. (
  • Proponents of eugenics carried out elaborate research programs to determine the type of inheritance these traits exhibited (dominant, recessive, incompletely dominant, sex-linked, etc. (
  • Eugenics is the purported study of applying the principles of artificial selection and selective breeding through altering human reproduction with the goal of changing the relative frequency of traits in a human population. (
  • Eugenics, the art of breeding better men, imperatively demands reliable measurement of human traits of body and mind, of their inter-relations, and of their modification by environmental factors. (
  • It is something of an open secret in the United States that during much of the 20th century, the government conducted a massive eugenics campaign designed to eliminate unwanted traits from society. (
  • And, it should be perfectly acceptable for a mother to practice eugenics by carefully choosing which child of desired traits she allows to live and which she kills. (
  • The pivotal role of University College London (UCL) in the history of eugenics became public news when it announced an inquiry into the issue in December 2018. (
  • It has a bad historical reputation because authoritarian governments have denied civil liberties in the name of eugenics. (
  • The truth about the science of eugenics is that there is no science to eugenics. (
  • Those who questioned the "settled science" of eugenics were dismissed as "deniers," much like those who question the "settled science" of climate change are today dismissed as "deniers. (
  • Different forms of eugenics have been practiced around the world and are currently in effect in the People's Republic of China, where reproduction is strictly limited. (
  • Invariably, proponents of eugenics saw their own class and race as most deserving of propagation. (
  • The author, Richard Conniff, takes note of Fisher's prodigious professional accomplishments and his private decency in order to foreground the real subject of his article: the economist's role as one of his era's highest-wattage proponents of eugenics. (
  • The documentary suggests persuasively that the US, with its own long fascination with eugenics, most likely sub-contracted these experiments to Israel as a way to bypass the increasing domestic legal impediments it faced. (
  • The advent and broad acceptance of Darwinism in the late nineteenth century, combined with a more general belief in the power of science and scientific management to solve social problems, led to a fascination with eugenics and the possibility of using public policy to ensure the "survival of the fittest" and the purity and strength of the human race. (
  • Eugenics research in Germany before and during the Nazi period was similar to that in the United States (particularly California), by which it had been heavily inspired. (
  • Upon returning from Germany in 1934, where more than 5,000 people per month were being forcibly sterilized, the California eugenics leader C. M. Goethe bragged to a colleague: You will be interested to know that your work has played a powerful part in shaping the opinions of the group of intellectuals who are behind Hitler in this epoch-making program. (
  • California eugenicists played an important, although little-known, role in the American eugenics movement's campaign for ethnic cleansing. (
  • [7] California was the third U.S. state to implement eugenics, in 1909. (
  • they don't realize that the U.S. did it too," says Rebecca Kluchin, an assistant professor of History at California State University, Sacramento who specializes in the U.S. eugenics programs. (
  • Eugenics programs in states like California and North Carolina sterilized thousands of people and provided models for Nazi Germany's eugenics work. (
  • German professor of medicine, anthropology and eugenics Eugen Fischer was the director of this organization, a man whose work helped provide the scientific basis for the Nazis' eugenics policies. (
  • Since the 1980s and 1990s, when new assisted reproductive technology procedures became available such as gestational surrogacy (available since 1985), preimplantation genetic diagnosis (available since 1989), and cytoplasmic transfer (first performed in 1996), fear has emerged about a possible revival of eugenics. (
  • Even after the eugenics law was amended in 1996, the victims were provided with no compensation or apology for their suffering. (
  • By the time the eugenics law was scrapped in 1996, around 25,000 people had been sterilized on the basis of their disabilities - including some 16,500 without their consent - according to the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry and the Japan Federation of Bar Associations. (
  • Agar describes three technologies that may soon make liberal eugenics a practical possibility - cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer, genomics, and genetic engineering - and argues that parents can use these technologies to realize their procreative goals without harming the people they will bring into existence. (
  • I'll begin with an overview of the problem that motivates eugenics, then describe the widely shared moral principles to which eugenicists have appealed. (
  • While immigration restrictionists may not subscribe to eugenics theory, they fear immigrants and their descendants on the same basis as eugenicists in the past, namely that the children of immigrants deemed undesirable are inherently less American, unassimilable and could lead to the demise of the white majority. (
  • This paper discusses the potential of this technology to make possible what I call ' in vitro eugenics': the deliberate breeding of human beings in vitro by fusing sperm and egg derived from different stem-cell lines to create an embryo and then deriving new gametes from stem cells derived from that embryo. (
  • In particular, it might allow what I will call ' in vitro eugenics': the deliberate breeding of human beings in vitro by fusing sperm and egg derived from different stem-cell lines to create an embryo and then deriving new gametes from stem cells derived from that embryo, which in turn might be used in the creation of another embryo. (
  • Liberal Eugenics offers refreshingly sensible guidance to the possibilities of cloning, genetic therapy, and genetic enhancement by reference to our ?moral images? (
  • With Liberal Eugenics , Nicholas Agar has given us a lively, sophisticated defense of genetic enhancement, challenging the anxious sentimentality of biotech luddites without embracing the naïve, reckless optimism of bio-tech enthusiasts. (
  • As Secretary of the Commission until 1931 and Executive Vice President after 1931, Prof. Perkins used the VCCL as a venue to promote eugenics in Vermont. (
  • The articles do not promote eugenics but instead call for a reduction in immigration to the United States. (
  • American eugenics advocates believed with religious fervor that the same Mendelian concepts determining the color and size of peas, corn and cattle also governed the social and intellectual character of man. (
  • During this period, the American Eugenics Society was founded, in addition to many local societies and groups around the country (PBS 1998). (
  • Kingsley Davis was in fact listed as a member ('56 and '74) and director ('52 to '55) of the American Eugenics Society . (
  • Galton's presentation of eugenics came on the heels of Charles Darwin's 1859book, The Origin of Species . (
  • Defending eugenics does not commit us to endorsing state-sponsored coercion, nor to the parochial views held by some advocates of eugenics in the early twentieth century. (
  • Eugenics movements did not begin to arise in Europe or the United States until the first decade of the twentieth century, and they did not become generally effective in promoting social and political programs nationally or internationally until after 1910. (
  • Eugenics clubs and societies grew rapidly and many of the leading intellectuals of the early twentieth century, including a number of well-known economists (such as John Maynard Keynes and Irving Fisher, perhaps the most famous American economist of the time), were active in these groups and saw their work through the lens of eugenics. (
  • In the late nineteenth and early twentieth-century United States, eugenics programs received widespread public support. (
  • In modern usage, the term eugenics has close ties to scientific racism and white supremacism . (
  • In contemporary usage, the term eugenics is closely associated with scientific racism and white supremacy. (
  • Eugenics was first developed in the 19th century, a misguided outgrowth of an intellectual milieu influenced by the popularity of early evolutionary theory and which included a spate of works on genetic disorders (many of which are incurable horrors), " scientific racism " and the Social Darwinism of the likes of Herbert Spencer . (
  • This article focuses on the rise of eugenics in the first 40 years of the 20th century and its role in legitimising "scientific racism", then goes on to discuss the period since, particularly in relationship to the current growth of the far right. (
  • Judging by a representative sample of textbooks, America's high-school students get little exposure to the history of eugenics and scientific racism. (
  • Eugenics and scientific racism in the United States emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century and lasted through the 1930s. (
  • These academicians espoused race theory and race science, and then faked and twisted data to serve eugenics' racist aims. (
  • But stubborn facts and our nation's new scrutiny of our racial history have eroded the mythology of Sanger and laid bare her eugenics project in its racist, coercive details. (
  • Eugenics was the racist pseudoscience determined to wipe away all human beings deemed "unfit," preserving only those who conformed to a Nordic stereotype. (
  • With a head full of casually racist Victorian assumptions about the superiority of the white, British male, he launched a full-throated endorsement of selective human breeding and coined the term 'eugenics. (
  • it is merely the repackaging of eugenics for the post racial era where it is pass to espouse racist ideas. (
  • however, the inherent racist perspective of eugenics was broader in that the set of those considered unfit included individuals and groups beyond those who were black. (
  • Afterwards, he proudly shared the award with his colleagues, remarking that he felt that it symbolized the "common understanding of German and American scientists of the nature of eugenics. (
  • FILIPINOS should not dismiss outright the connection that scientists and scholars have drawn between the theories of global warming and eugenics, a subject which I briefly discussed in my column, "Catastrophe: Green New Deal crashes in US Senate" (Manila Times, March 31, 2019). (
  • I have become aware that besides Dr. Richard Lindzen, many scientists and scholars have been probing the eugenics-global warming connection. (
  • Early advocates of eugenics considered it as a way of improving groups of people. (
  • Advocates of eugenics add that we should also manipulate biology to promote well-being, provided we can do so without imposing undue risk on our children or on other people with whom they will share the planet. (
  • Early advocates of eugenics in the 19th century regarded it as a way of improving groups of people. (
  • From Cold Spring Harbor, eugenics advocates agitated in the legislatures of America, as well as the nation's social service agencies and associations. (
  • Synthetic biology advocates are veering too close to eugenics. (
  • Among other things, that history helps to clarify the meaning of the term eugenics in both its older and more modern usage. (
  • In any case, Ross believes it's perfectly correct to term parents aborting fetuses with significant genetic abnormalities -- many of which would be fatal -- "eugenics. (
  • Within that context, using the term "eugenics" is misleading as to what's actually being discussed. (
  • "The classic term for it is -eugenics," he told the Courier Mail, referring to his fear that women would terminate fetuses with a disability. (
  • It was a British man, not a German, who first came up with the term eugenics in 1883. (
  • Sterilisation abuse and forced usage of birth control against working class women, disabled women and women of colour is part of a long-term agenda of eugenics and neo-Malthusianism. (
  • For ease of reading, the term "eugenics" is used throughout to refer to ideas, policy and practices. (
  • In 1910, Davenport founded the Eugenics Record Office (ERO) at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on Long Island "to improve the natural, physical, mental, and temperamental qualities of the human family" (Norrgard 2008). (
  • Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Eugenics Records Office. (
  • Eugenics would have been so much bizarre parlor talk had it not been for extensive financing by corporate philanthropies, specifically the Carnegie Institution , the Rockefeller Foundation and the Harriman railroad fortune. (
  • The Rockefeller Foundation helped found the German eugenics program and even funded the program that Josef Mengele worked in before he went to Auschwitz. (
  • [2] Eugenics gained traction as it was championed in the nascent Progressive Era of the late 19th century into the early 20th century, finding prominent political proponents in presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson . (
  • Nazi eugenics (German: Nationalsozialistische Rassenhygiene, "National Socialist racial hygiene"), refers to the social policies of eugenics in Nazi Germany. (
  • North Carolina had a eugenics policy from 1929 through 1977. (
  • Operating from 1933 to 1977, the Eugenics Board of North Carolina quietly sterilized an estimated 7,600 people, targeting minorities and poor young women due to their low income and education. (
  • The earliest eugenics movements were founded in Germany in 1904, in Britain in 1907, and in the United States in 1908 - 1910. (
  • Allen G (1986) The Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbour, 1910-1940: An Essay in Institutional History. (
  • Evolutionary theory took precedence as the human race was divided into the "fit" and "unfit," and eugenics became thescientific community's calling as it promoted ways in which, according to Galton, "social control may improve or impair the racial qualities of future generations whether physically or mentally. (
  • Originally conceived in the 1920s, eugenics was viewed by many as a way to alleviate economic pressure on welfare programs across the US by giving the state the right to remove individuals deemed unfit for reproduction from the gene pool. (
  • A broad eugenics program would have to be formulated which would aid in the establishment of policies that would encourage able and healthy persons to have several offspring and discourage the unfit from breeding at excessive rates. (
  • Eugenics claimed the scientific ability to classify individuals and groups as "fit" or "unfit. (
  • The state's programme was said to be the model for the Nazi eugenics policies introduced by Adolf Hitler when he aspired to create a master race. (
  • More troubling, eugenics and eugenics-inspired policies in the United States were admired by Adolf Hitler. (
  • Roll‐Hansen N (1988) The Progress of Eugenics: Growth of Knowledge and Change in Ideology. (
  • In many respects, the ideology behind eugenics long predated Darwin and the theory of evolution, and this ideology still exists today, even amongst those who don't accept evolution. (
  • Eugenics, a widely accepted practice in the USA, would evolve into genocide as Hitler became more and more rabid in his racial enmity. (
  • The practice of eugenics aims to improve the genetic quality of a human population through selective breeding-encouraging reproduction for the "strongest" humans while discouraging reproduction for the "weakest" humans. (
  • North Carolina has voted down the first attempt to compensate the victims of its eugenics program, one of 32 such programs that sterilized tens of thousands without their knowledge or consent across the US from the 1930s to the 1970s. (
  • Kuhl S (1994) The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism. (
  • The new compensation law says, to be eligible, operations have to have occurred under the state's Eugenics Board. (
  • For a disturbing history lesson, check out this comprehensive database for your state's eugenics history. (
  • Proceedings of the eighth annual symposium of the Eugenics Society. (
  • a symposium held by the Eugenics Society in October 1964. (
  • Genetic determinism deflects society from social action that would reduce the burden of disease far more than even the maximum use of eugenics. (
  • Tanton later formed a pro-eugenics organization, the Society for Genetic Education (SAGE). (
  • The Eugenics Society reached its peak, in terms of membership, during the 1930s, and the cusp of the following decade saw the zenith of its prestige. (
  • And a good deal of it was undertaken at meetings of the Eugenics Society. (
  • His scheme of family allowances had originally been devised within the Eugenics Society with a graduated rate, which paid out more to middle-class parents and very little to the poor. (
  • Eugenics was a commonly accepted means of protecting society from the offspring (and therefore equally suspect) of those individuals deemed inferior or dangerous - the poor, the disabled, the mentally ill, criminals, and people of color. (
  • This is how the Eugenics Society conceived of its funding for the IPPF. (
  • The British Eugenics Education Society, founded in 1907 and led by Charles Darwin's son Major Leonard Darwin, promoted this view in the years leading up to the First World War. (
  • He rejects the idea that eugenics need divide society into genetic haves and have-nots, and denies that social pressures need force eugenic choices to converge on a single view of human excellence, suggesting that these threats to liberal social arrangements can be resisted. (
  • Eugenics was widely accepted by academics, politicians, intellectuals, government, the U.S. Supreme Court, and especially progressives, who supported eugenics-inspired policies as policy instruments to be utilized by an interventionist administrative state to establish a healthy and productive society. (
  • His main research focus is the economic, social, and political context of the history of eugenics and its implications today. (
  • Adams M (1990) Towards a comparative history of eugenics. (
  • Mistaking Eugenics for Social Darwinism: Why Eugenics Is Missing from the History of American Economics ," History of Political Economy , Duke University Press, vol. 37(5), pages 200-233, Supplemen. (
  • This time they break down the history of Big Oil carbon eugenics agenda and the future of the technocratic post-carbon world. (
  • The Eugenics Archive has been created by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, in order to explore the history of eugenics and the contemporary significance of that history. (
  • Roundtable talk on the "Disability in the History of Eugenics" given October 9, 2009 at the conference Eugenics and Disability: History and Legacy in Washington. (
  • It is the first world history of eugenics and an indispensable core text for both teaching and research. (
  • In the current climate, in which the human genome project, stem cell research, and new reproductive technologies have proven so controversial, the history of eugenics has much to teach us about the relationship between scientific research, technology, and human ethical decision-making. (
  • The people currently wrecking homes and businesses, statues and churches have a history with eugenics as well. (
  • The widespread acceptance of eugenics in the United States, especially by progressives, is a troubling part of U.S. history unknown to many Americans, and the role model America provided for Nazi race law is even more troubling. (
  • The failure of the old eugenics to accurately predict who will have affected offspring virtually disappears when prenatal diagnosis is used to predict Mendelian disorders. (
  • Tonight on Corbett Report Radio James dips into the archive for interviews, articles and episodes that help to shine light on the eugenics agenda and the "elite's" obsession with preserving their genes…and eliminating ours. (
  • The law and its corollaries would not apply to discussions covering genocide, propaganda, eugenics (racial superiority) or other mainstays of Nazi Germany" - courtesy of Wikipedia. (
  • In the United States , it was the biologist Charles Davenport who laid the groundwork for the establishment of eugenics programs. (
  • Her much-republished " My Way to Peace " (1932) presents Sanger's essential eugenics platform. (
  • Sanger's eugenics program made relatively modest gains during her lifetime. (
  • Race was never far from Sanger's brand of eugenics. (
  • Even Planned Parenthood has had to drop the denials of Sanger's commitment to eugenics and now urges us all instead to avoid judging those of another historical era. (
  • Blackmon is among the more than 7,000 people in North Carolina - many poor, many African-American, many disabled - who were sterilized between 1929 and 1976 in one of the country's most aggressive eugenics programs . (
  • Pearson, likewise, was intensely devoted to the development of a mathematical theory of evolution, and he became an acerbic advocate for eugenics. (
  • Donald Collins, former FAIR board member and current co-chair of FAIR's advisory board, is also on the advisory committee of and contributor to the Journal of Social Political and Economic Studies (JSPES), a publication founded and edited by Roger Pearson, a longtime eugenicist and anti-Semite who has received funding from the Pioneer Fund for his promotion of eugenics. (
  • In a book he wrote on eugenics Pearson once asserted, "If a nation with a more advanced, more specialized, or in any way superior set of genes mingles with, instead of exterminating an inferior tribe, then it commits racial suicide. (
  • The eugenics programs implemented in Nazi Germany are probably the main reason most people no longer acknowledge that there might be some truth to Darwin's worries. (
  • For "Handicapped" Vermonters, whose family records and ancestral stock had already been studied and stigmatized by the Eugenics Survey, the Commission advocated an expansion of state programs in child health, education and welfare and prevention of marriage and reproduction of "feeble-minded" persons. (
  • Because eugenics developed in a variety of national contexts with a wide range of ideological and political programs, its content and style varied from one country to another and over time, from the early 1900s until just before the onset of World War II . (
  • Eugenics programs were supported by legislation, court rulings, and powerful promoters. (