Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.United StatesHawaii: A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.CaliforniaChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Mexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.IndiaIndians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.SingaporeCross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.LondonAfricaSuriname: A republic in the north of South America, bordered on the west by GUYANA (British Guiana) and on the east by FRENCH GUIANA. Its capital is Paramaribo. It was formerly called Netherlands Guiana or Dutch Guiana or Surinam. Suriname was first settled by the English in 1651 but was ceded to the Dutch by treaty in 1667. It became an autonomous territory under the Dutch crown in 1954 and gained independence in 1975. The country was named for the Surinam River but the meaning of that name is uncertain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1167 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p526)Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Jews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.PhilippinesPolymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Morocco: A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.PakistanGreat BritainPolymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.IsraelAcculturation: Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Population Groups: Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Puerto Rico: An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)EnglandHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Mali: A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)American Native Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.Los AngelesCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cultural Characteristics: Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Ethnology: The comparative and theoretical study of culture, often synonymous with cultural anthropology.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)TexasSocial Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.VietnamLaosPrejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Gypsies: Ethnic group originating in India and entering Europe in the 14th or 15th century.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Linkage Disequilibrium: Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Polynesia: The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)New York CityEuropeEmigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.MexicoObesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.JapanHealth Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Southwestern United States: The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).New MexicoCivil Disorders: Deliberate and planned acts of unlawful behavior engaged in by aggrieved segments of the population in seeking social change.Trinidad and Tobago: An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)French Guiana: A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Central AmericaMultivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A disease-producing enzyme deficiency subject to many variants, some of which cause a deficiency of GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE activity in erythrocytes, leading to hemolytic anemia.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Minority Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.BangladeshAlaskaRacism: Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Samoa: A group of islands in the southwest central Pacific, divided into AMERICAN SAMOA and the INDEPENDENT STATE OF SAMOA (Western Samoa). First European contact was made in 1722 by Jacob Roggeveen, a Dutchman. In 1768 they were named Navigators Islands by Louis de Bougainville. The present name may derive from that of a local chieftain or from a local word meaning place of the moa, a now-extinct island bird. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1061 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p481)Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.IranBrunei: An independent sultanate on the northeast coast of Borneo. Its chief products are oil and natural gas. Its name is Hindi, coming from the Sanskrit bhumi, land or region. It gave its name Brunei to Borneo. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p183 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p82)Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Birth Certificates: Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Burkina Faso: A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Albinism, Oculocutaneous: Heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders comprising at least four recognized types, all having in common varying degrees of hypopigmentation of the skin, hair, and eyes. The two most common are the tyrosinase-positive and tyrosinase-negative types.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)SEER Program: A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)Libya: A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria, having southern border with Chad, Niger, and Sudan. Its capital is Tripoli.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Heterozygote: An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Communication Barriers: Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.WalesRisk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Genetic Association Studies: The analysis of a sequence such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele for its involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Sympatry: In evolutionary theory, overlapping geographic distribution of diverging species. In sympatric GENETIC SPECIATION, genetic diversion occurs without geographic separation.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Indians, Central American: Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.TurkeyLinear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Disease Susceptibility: A constitution or condition of the body which makes the tissues react in special ways to certain extrinsic stimuli and thus tends to make the individual more than usually susceptible to certain diseases.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Genetic Testing: Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.Inuits: Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Founder Effect: A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.KuwaitLanguage: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Ceremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.IraqNames: Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.HLA-DRB1 Chains: A subtype of HLA-DRB beta chains that includes over one hundred allele variants. The HLA-DRB1 subtype is associated with several of the HLA-DR SEROLOGICAL SUBTYPES.Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Hemoglobinopathies: A group of inherited disorders characterized by structural alterations within the hemoglobin molecule.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Fiji: A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Suva. It was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1643 and was visited by Captain Cook in 1774. It was used by escaped convicts from Australia as early as 1804. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1874 but achieved independence in 1970. The name Fiji is of uncertain origin. In its present form it may represent that of Viti, the main island in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p396 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p186)
Vitamin D status in different subgroups of British Asians. (1/6687)To assess the effect of religious dietary practices and social customs on the vitamin D status of Asian immigrants, we kept records of the dietary intake and time spent out of doors of 81 Ugandan Asian men, women, and girls (9-19 years old). Sera were analysed for 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD3), and 28% of the subjects were found to have levels below the lower limit of normal. The (vegetarian) Hindus had the lowest dietary intakes, least time out of doors, and lowest serum 25-OHD3. The Goan (Roman Catholic) Asians, despite more pigmentation, had 25-OHD3 levels similar to those found among indigenous British people and had the most satisfactory vitamin D intakes. Among Asians, whose exposure to sunlight may be limited, dietary vitamin D becomes the major determinant of serum 25-OHD3. (+info)
Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older. (2/6687)Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups. (+info)
Associations of anti-beta2-glycoprotein I autoantibodies with HLA class II alleles in three ethnic groups. (3/6687)OBJECTIVE: To determine any HLA associations with anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) antibodies in a large, retrospectively studied, multiethnic group of 262 patients with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or another connective tissue disease. METHODS: Anti-beta2GPI antibodies were detected in sera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HLA class II alleles (DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1) were determined by DNA oligotyping. RESULTS: The HLA-DQB1*0302 (DQ8) allele, typically carried on HLA-DR4 haplotypes, was associated with anti-beta2GPI when compared with both anti-beta2GPI-negative SLE patients and ethnically matched normal controls, especially in Mexican Americans and, to a lesser extent, in whites. Similarly, when ethnic groups were combined, HLA-DQB1*0302, as well as HLA-DQB1*03 alleles overall (DQB1*0301, *0302, and *0303), were strongly correlated with anti-beta2GPI antibodies. The HLA-DR6 (DR13) haplotype DRB1*1302; DQB1*0604/5 was also significantly increased, primarily in blacks. HLA-DR7 was not significantly increased in any of these 3 ethnic groups, and HLA-DR53 (DRB4*0101) was increased in Mexican Americans only. CONCLUSION: Certain HLA class II haplotypes genetically influence the expression of antibodies to beta2GPI, an important autoimmune response in the APS, but there are variations in HLA associations among different ethnic groups. (+info)
Cancer incidence in the south Asian population of England (1990-92). (4/6687)Cancer incidence among English south Asians (residents in England with ethnic origins in India, Pakistan or Bangladesh) is described and compared with non-south Asian and Indian subcontinent rates. The setting for the study was areas covered by Thames, Trent, West Midlands and Yorkshire cancer registries. The study identified 356 555 cases of incident cancer (ICD9:140-208) registered between 1990 and 1992, including 3845 classified as English south Asian. The main outcome measures were age specific and directly standardized incidence rates for all cancer sites (ICD9:140-208). English south Asian incidence rates for all sites combined were significantly lower than non-south Asian rates but higher than Indian subcontinent rates. English south Asian rates were substantially higher than Indian subcontinent rates for a number of common sites including lung cancer in males, breast cancer in females and lymphoma in both sexes. English south Asian rates for childhood and early adult cancer (0-29 years) were similar or higher than non-south Asian rates. English south Asian rates were significantly higher than non-south Asian rates for Hodgkin's disease in males, cancer of the tongue, mouth, oesophagus, thyroid gland and myeloid leukaemia in females, and cancer of the hypopharynx, liver and gall bladder in both sexes. The results are consistent with a transition from the lower cancer risk of the country of ethnic origin to that of the country of residence. They suggest that detrimental changes in lifestyle and other exposures have occurred in the migrant south Asian population. (+info)
Biochemical indices of osteomalacia in pregnant Asian immigrants in Britain. (5/6687)Serum calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphatase, and urinary calcium excretion were examined during the second trimester of uncomplicated normal pregnancy in Asian immigrants to Britain and in local Caucasians. The mean serum calcium was significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians, and the mean serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly higher in Asians. The geometric mean of the urinary calcium excretion was highly significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians. The variances of the serum calcium, serum alkaline phosphatase, and urine calcium excretion did not differ significantly in the two populations. This indicates that there is a shift in values of immigrant Asians as a group compared with Caucasians. A comparison with figures obtained on normal nonpregnant persons of both suggests that the shift is not an inherent feature of the Asian population. (+info)
Incidence and duration of hospitalizations among persons with AIDS: an event history approach. (6/6687)OBJECTIVE: To analyze hospitalization patterns of persons with AIDS (PWAs) in a multi-state/multi-episode continuous time duration framework. DATA SOURCES: PWAs on Medicaid identified through a match between the state's AIDS Registry and Medicaid eligibility files; hospital admission and discharge dates identified through Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Using a Weibull event history framework, we model the hazard of transition between hospitalized and community spells, incorporating the competing risk of death in each of these states. Simulations are used to translate these parameters into readily interpretable estimates of length of stay, the probability that a hospitalization will end in death, and the probability that a nonhospitalized person will be hospitalized within 90 days. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In multivariate analyses, participation in a Medicaid waiver program offering case management and home care was associated with hospital stays 1.3 days shorter than for nonparticipants. African American race and Hispanic ethnicity were associated with hospital stays 1.2 days and 1.0 day longer than for non-Hispanic whites; African Americans also experienced more frequent hospital admissions. Residents of the high-HIV-prevalence area of the state had more frequent admissions and stays two days longer than those residing elsewhere in the state. Older PWAs experienced less frequent hospital admissions but longer stays, with hospitalizations of 55-year-olds lasting 8.25 days longer than those of 25-year-olds. CONCLUSIONS: Much socioeconomic and geographic variability exists both in the incidence and in the duration of hospitalization among persons with AIDS in New Jersey. Event history analysis provides a useful statistical framework for analysis of these variations, deals appropriately with data in which duration of observation varies from individual to individual, and permits the competing risk of death to be incorporated into the model. Transition models of this type have broad applicability in modeling the risk and duration of hospitalization in chronic illnesses. (+info)
Low-weight neonatal survival paradox in the Czech Republic. (7/6687)Analysis of vital statistics for the Czech Republic between 1986 and 1993, including 3,254 infant deaths from 350,978 first births to married and single women who conceived at ages 18-29 years, revealed a neonatal survival advantage for low-weight infants born to disadvantaged (single, less educated) women, particularly for deaths from congenital anomalies. This advantage largely disappeared after the neonatal period. The same patterns have been observed for low-weight infants born to black women in the United States. Since the Czech Republic had an ethnically homogenous population, virtually universal prenatal care, and uniform institutional conditions for delivery, Czech results must be attributed to social rather than to biologic or medical circumstances. This strengthens the contention that in the United States, the black neonatal survival paradox may be due as much to race-related social stigmatization and consequent disadvantage as to any hypothesized hereditary influences on birth-weight-specific survival. (+info)
HLA and HIV-1: heterozygote advantage and B*35-Cw*04 disadvantage. (8/6687)A selective advantage against infectious disease associated with increased heterozygosity at the human major histocompatibility complex [human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and class II] is believed to play a major role in maintaining the extraordinary allelic diversity of these genes. Maximum HLA heterozygosity of class I loci (A, B, and C) delayed acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) onset among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1), whereas individuals who were homozygous for one or more loci progressed rapidly to AIDS and death. The HLA class I alleles B*35 and Cw*04 were consistently associated with rapid development of AIDS-defining conditions in Caucasians. The extended survival of 28 to 40 percent of HIV-1-infected Caucasian patients who avoided AIDS for ten or more years can be attributed to their being fully heterozygous at HLA class I loci, to their lacking the AIDS-associated alleles B*35 and Cw*04, or to both. (+info)
Design of a prospective cohort study to assess ethnic inequalities in patient safety in hospital care using mixed methods. |...
Ethnic inequalities in NZ poverty unchanged | Radio New Zealand News
A qualitative study on healthcare professionals' perceived barriers to insulin initiation in a multi-ethnic population | BMC...
This study highlights the wide range of barriers to insulin initiation in Malaysia and provides an overview as to why the use of insulin remains low. What is remarkable is the similarity of the barriers encountered in a multicultural, Asian country to barriers reported in studies conducted in the West. A Pubmed search of qualitative studies which focus on barriers to insulin initiation identified eight studies from North American [25, 26], UK [27-30], European  and South African  settings. Thematic consistency is apparent between these studies and our study, suggesting that these barriers are widely held ideas and that the results of this study are generalisable.. Studies on psychological insulin resistance amongst multi-ethnic populations have found that ethnicity is an important determining factor. Studies in the west have found that Hispanic and ethnic minorities are less willing to start insulin therapy [19, 33]. Reasons for this resistance include perceived lack of access to care ...
Ethnic Distribution of ECG Predictors of Atrial Fibrillation and Its Impact on Understanding the Ethnic Distribution of...
Attenuation of the effect of ethnicity on the risk of incident ischemic stroke when P-wave terminal force was included in the models raises the possibility that differences in AF predictors and subsequently ethnic differences in AF (including paroxysmal AF) could partially explain the ethnic difference of stroke incidence. Although we could not confirm that such attenuation is statistically significant, given the overlapping CIs of the HR in the models, the persistence of attenuation among different models is in favor of none by chance results.. Because we showed that ECG AF predictors were equally predictive for AF and that they are more prevalent in blacks than whites, it would be expected that an increased prevalence of AF in blacks compared with whites would result-just the reverse of findings reported by previous studies but is in concert with the fact of high stroke burden in blacks and the strong association between AF and stroke. A potential explanation for this paradox comes from the ...
Attribution of reasons for religious beliefs in four ethnic groups - UKM Journal Article Repository
Approximately 120 adolescents from each of four ethnic groups - Malay, Chinese, Indian and Australian - stratified by age and sex, were individually asked to rank six postulated reasons why people are religious. In brief, the alternatives related to Gods will, family, own effort, natural gift, own choice and luck. The alternative luck was rejected by all subject in all groups. The results seemed to be consistent with the likely religious influences in the ethnic groups. The most significant finding was that age and sex as individual differences variables correlated with attribution in different ways and to different extents in the four groups. The result were related to Weiners attribution theory and to Herbsts findings on relationships between variables for particular individuals. ...
Ethnicity & religion strand abstracts - 2016 Conference Winchester - Annual conference - British Society for Population Studies...
Kitty Lymperopoulou 1, Nissa Finney 2, Gemma Catney 3, 1 University of Manchester, 2 University of St Andrews, 3 University of Liverpool There has been a longstanding debate in the UK about the residential patterns of ethnic minority groups and the consequences of these patterns for social cohesion. However, there has been less focus on the role of residential segregation in perpetuating the socio-economic disadvantage of ethnic minority groups, and as yet there is little evidence on how residential segregation patterns relate to spatial patterns of ethnic inequality. This chapter draws on data from the 2001 and 2011 Censuses in the UK to explore how ethnic group concentrations within local authorities in England and Wales are related to patterns of ethnic inequality in employment, education, housing, and health. The Index of Dissimilarity is used to measure residential segregation for nine ethnic minority groups in 2011 and how it has changed since 2001, for neighbourhoods (output areas) within ...
At a glance: Prevention of sexually transmitted and blood borne infections among ethnocultural communities | CATIE - Canada's...
The goal of this resource is to provide public health professionals, researchers, staff in provincial/territorial governments and community organizations with evidence and areas for action to inform STBBI prevention programming, policy and research that address STBBIs among diverse ethnocultural communities across Canada. This publication summarizes current research evidence and gaps related to prevention and the determinants of vulnerability to and resilience against STBBIs among ethnocultural minorities.. For any comments or inquiries on this publication, please contact [email protected] ...
Associations of the FTO rs9939609 variant with discrete body fat depots and dietary intake in a multi-ethnic cohort
The purpose of this study was to assess the association and report effect sizes between the rs9939609 SNP in the FTO gene with direct measures of body fat using imaging techniques in a multi-ethnic cohort. We found differences in minor allele frequency among the four groups such that the frequency of the minor allele was highest in the European and South Asian groups, and lowest in Aboriginal and Chinese groups. In Aboriginals and Europeans, the minor allele was associated with dietary intake and VAT (Europeans only). When the four ethnic groups were analysed together, the FTO rs9939609 minor allele was also associated with body fat measures and SAT.. The minor allele frequencies reported in the present study are similar to that found in a number of studies investigating similar ethnic groups (Al-Attar et al., 2008; Li et al., 2008; Sanghera et al., 2008; Rong et al., 2009; Yajnik et al., 2009). Our investigation adds to this by providing direct comparisons of allele frequency in these ethnic ...
Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes | CARE | Stanford Medicine
In support of the Stanford University School of Medicine mission, DISCOVeR Lab, led by Dr. Latha Palaniappan, a physician scientist, conducts research that seeks to investigate racial/ethnic health disparities in cardiometabolic disease risk, burden, screening, treatment and outcomes in multiethnic populations. She along with collaborators at Stanford and other world-renown institutions, take what they learn from patient care back to their labs to guide their research projects into new diagnostics and treatments for various illnesses.. DISCOVeR research projects seek to address the gap in knowledge of health and health-related patient centered outcomes, specifically exploring gender and racial/ethnic disparities in obesity, diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Learn more about the STRONG-D Study here and the IMPACT Study here.. ...
Mental Health Update: Alzheimer's, ethnicity and survival
A study of 31,000 people with Alzheimers disease in the U.S. found that people diagnosed with the condition lived, on average, 4.8 years after their diagnosis. However, there were considerable differences in the length of time people from different ethnic backgrounds survived. People from a Latin American background lived 40% longer than White people while African-Americans lived 15% longer. Asian, American Indian and White people all lived with the disease for about the same length of time ...
Ethnic Group Essay - 1095 Words
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) | CIDRAP
relating to activation from the amygdala especially
Background Mounting evidence signifies that humans have significant difficulties in understanding emotional expressions from individuals of different ethnic backgrounds, leading to reduced recognition accuracy and stronger amygdala activation. bilaterally was observed and this was paralleled by reduced overall performance, especially for anger and disgust depicted by male expressions. However, no gender difference occurred. Taken together, while gender exerts only a… More →. ...
For the purposes of the data presented here race refers to the self designation of a racial or ethnic group by the respondent in the above named studies and cell lines. The investigators realize that there are more specific designations for each of the ethnic groups reported here and that these self designations may be inaccurate and/or misleading and should only be used for hypothesis generation purposes. It is a well known genetic fact that genetic variation within self designated ethnic groups is greater than between ethnic groups and these data should not and indeed cannot be used to generalize to a whole race. It is also recognized that race or ethnic groups are social constructs that may (or may not) be a proxy variable for variation in SNP presence or allele frequency. At best, they may offer a clue as to what might be found in a larger outbred population in the US.. ...
What percentage of France's population do ethnic groups represent? | Reference.com
Top 13 Most Pronounced African Ethnic Group List | How Africa News
Okorocha: Ethnic groups shouldn't determine next ... - NairaPark
EJM 12, 3-4 (2019) published - SVI - South Tyrolean Institute of Ethnic Groups in Bolzano
1662 pro-slavery law sounds remarkably pro-abortion - Jill Stanek - Jill Stanek
I agree with Marysia.. For one, I would like to point out that "white privilege" does not mean that all people of Anglo descent (and yes I know that "Anglo" and "white" do not mean the same thing exactly, but I use Anglo because it is the generally accepted term for lack of a better word) should feel guilty for what someone who happens to be the same ethnic group did two hundred years ago. After all, I cannot think of a single ethnic group, "white" or not, that has not gone to war with another group or discriminated against another group. It happens often.. What white privilege refers to is the fact that certain ethnic groups have fewer problems with poverty, have better standards of education, have lower rates of infant mortality, etc. These ethnic groups fall under the blanket of what we call Anglo. I do not believe that most white privilege is intentional- after all, no baby decides what social class or ethnic group to be born into. In fact, what separates white privilege from racism is the ...
Race/Ethnicity in biomedical research and clinical practice
INTRODUCTION. The term race refers to a group of genetically related persons who share certain physical characteristics such as skin colour and facial features, and who have for a long time been isolated geographically, or have in common cultural or religious practices.1, 2 On the other hand, the term ethnicity, which has been found to be more socially acceptable, applies to a group of people of the same nationality, language or culture, and who may or may not have genetic markers in common.1, 2. There are two ways of considering race. The first is in terms of anthropological classifications of negroid, caucasoid etc; and the second is based either on overt physical characteristics or, as in the United States, on self racial-identification.3 Almost universally throughout the world, this second system of classification is applied.. As there is no clear distinction between race and ethnicity, many researchers no longer distinguish between these, but rather use the single term race/ethnicity.1, 2 ...
PLOS Medicine: Early Emergence of Ethnic Differences in Type 2 Diabetes Precursors in the UK: The Child Heart and Health Study...
Race/Ethnicity - AMA Manual of Style
Race/Ethnicity - AMA Manual of Style
Category:Bastarnae - Wikimedia Commons
Bastarni (it); Basztarnák (hu); ባስተርናያውያን (am); Bastarni (hr); Бастарны (ru); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh-hans); باستارنيون (ar); bastarnes (ca); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh-hk); Bastarnen (de); Bastarnas (pt); Bastarnae (en-gb); Bastarnos (es); Бастарни (bg); Бастарни (sr); Bastarni (ro); バスタルン族 (ja); Bastarnas (pt-br); Bastarnové (cs); Bastarner (sv); Bastarnowie (pl); Бастарни (uk); Bastarnae (nl); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh-hant); Bastarnes (fr); Bastarni (sh); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh); Bastarnae (en); Bastarnae (en-ca); Βαστάρνες (el); Бастарны (be) historical ethnical group (en); Indogermanischer Volksstamm (de); народ, обитавший с конца III в. до н. э. по III век в восточном Прикарпатье (ru) Peucini (it); バスタルナエ人, バスタルナエ, バスタルナエ族 (ja); Bastarnae (fr); Bastaner (sv); Peucynowie, Peukinowie (pl); Певкіни (uk); Bastarnae (sh); ...
Genetic and ethnic backgrounds of the oligarchs
Please help! Buying a house. I don't want to have non-white neighbors. - Page 2 - Stormfront
Coronary heart disease from a psychosocial perspective: socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities among Slovak patients
This thesis deals with socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in psychological factors and in health-related quality of life among patients with coronary heart disease, as well as with psychosocial predictors of positive and negative changes in quality of life among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). With regard to the psychological factors, the present study is focusing on the following most commonly researched characteristics: psychological well-being, vital exhaustion, Type D personality and hostility. Psychological well-being is characterized by the occurrence and severity of the depression and anxiety symptoms, which are strongly associated with the coronary heart disease. Vital exhaustion, a state characterized by lack of energy, increased irritability and feelings of demoralisation, is also known as one of the risk factors for coronary heart disease, and has been shown to be a substantial predictor of myocardial infarction. Type D personality defines individuals who experience ...
Denver Public School's Division of Personnel Services Estimated Ethnic Distribution of Pupils (Percentages) :: Park Hill...
Denver Public Schools Division of Personnel Services ESTIMATED ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS (PERCENTAGES) ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS - OCTOBER 15, 1965 Anglo- Spanish- Asian Indian School Caucasian Negro American Derivation & Others Total Pupils Alameda 63* $ 35$ 1% 1% 100$ Alcott 96 0 b 0 0 100 Asbury 97 0 2 1 0 100 Ash Grove 98 0 0 1 1 100 Ashland b2 0 57 0 1 100 Ashley 90 b b 2 0 100 Barnum 71 0 29 0 0 100 Barrett b 9b 1 1 0 100 Beach Court 75 0 23 1 1 100 Belmont 7b 0 26 0 0 100 Berkeley 92 0 8 0 0 100 Boettcher & Hospital 83 7 10 0 0 100 Boulevard 28 0 72 0 0 100 Bradley 99 0 0 0 1 100 Broirwell 96 1 0 2 1 100 Brown 80 0 17 3 0 100 Bryant-Webster 30 0 68 2 0 100 Carson 99 0 1 0 0 100 Cheltenham 36 5 58 1 0 100 Colfax 68 l 31 0 0 100 College View 80 0 20 0 0 100 Columbian 83 0 17 0 0 100 Columbine 1 9b 3 2 0 100 Cory 98 0 1 1 0 100 Cowell 7b 0 26 0 0 100 Crofton 9 2b 65 2 0 100 Denison 9b 0 5 1 0 100 Doull 98 0 2 0 0 100 Eagleton 51 1 b7 1 0 100 Ebert 18 30 51 1 0 100 Edison 90 0 10 0 0 100 Ellis ...
Denver Public Schools Report of Estimated Ethnic Distribution of Pupils, Classroom Teachers and other Certificated and...
Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society. - A-Level Sociology -...
Introduction. Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society. Society is made up of a number of social divisions including age, sex, ethnicity, income, wealth and sexual orientation. Many theorists and critics have their own definition of social divisions. For example, Bilton et al (2002, p.70) states: In broad terms, the concept of social divisions refers to ways in which, either as individuals or more commonly as members of social groupings, we construct social differences among ourselves.... There has been a growing interest in the study of race and ethnicity in Britain over the course of the twentieth century. I, therefore, intend to discuss the difficulties faced by ethnic minority groups in Britain. It is also important to examine how ethnic minority groups are disadvantaged from access to other social rights - such as the rights to housing, education and employment (Ginsburg, 1998; Macey, 1995), which is what I intend to discuss ...
Community Academic Profiles - Faculty & Researchers - Stanford Medicine
The main plan of my research is to expand follow-up studies on the global birth cohorts from diverse ethnic groups to eventually enable precise screening. This aim is aligned with the missions of Stanford Long-Range Planning and Precision Health to diminish health disparities. Therefore, our research supports the University mission of deep phenotyping and care of diverse patients and populations. These studies have the potential to specify mechanistic and causality insights from the drivers of diabetes and insulin resistance risk in different ethnicities. The ultimate goal of my research is to pave the way for opportunities to prevent insulin resistance as early as 10-20 years before the onset of diabetes and the age-related adverse outcomes such as vascular dementia and to reduce the widening ethnic inequalities ...
Maternal and paternal race/ethnicity are both associated with gestational diabetes<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Maternal and paternal race/ethnicity are both associated with gestational diabetes. AU - Caughey, Aaron B.. AU - Cheng, Yvonne W.. AU - Stotland, Naomi E.. AU - Washington, A. Eugene. AU - Escobar, Gabriel J.. PY - 2010/6. Y1 - 2010/6. N2 - Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) associated with both maternal and paternal race/ethnicity. Study Design: This was a retrospective cohort study of all women delivered within a managed care network. Rates of GDM were calculated for maternal, paternal, and combined race/ethnicity. Results: Among the 139,848 women with identified race/ethnicity, Asians had the highest rate (P , .001) of GDM (6.8%) as compared with whites (3.4%), African Americans (3.2%), and Hispanics (4.9%). When examining race/ethnicity controlling for potential confounders, we found that the rates of GDM were higher among Asian (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-1.6) and ...
STR polymorphism in populations of indigenous Daghestan ethnic groups]. - Semantic Scholar
Genomic diversity of 21 STR loci has been studied in six ethnic populations of Daghestan (the Caucasus), namely, Avars, Dargins, Kubachians, Lezgins, and Nogais, and the results have been compared with these data for European, African, and East Asian ethnic groups. Daghestan is unique in its ethnic diversity, which is the greatest in the Caucasus: 26 out of approximately 50 autochthonous ethnic groups of the Caucasus live there. The genetic origin of this wide ethnic diversity of Daghestan and the Caucasus as a whole is still obscure. The genetic heterogeneity of Daghestan populations has been found to be lower than that of most other populations in the world. This is explained by a prolonged isolation and gene drift in their demographic history. Generalized genetic distances between ethnic groups calculated for the whole set of loci studied allow differentiating Asian populations from African ones, with European populations occupying intermediate positions. All Daghestan ethnic populations form a
Inter-ethnic relations of teenagers in England's schools: the role of school and neighbourhood ethnic composition - LSE...
The paper presents an empirical analysis of inter-ethnic relations among adolescents in Englands schools, the first national study of schools throughout England to relate inter-ethnic attitudes to both school and area ethnic composition. We combine survey data on warmth of feeling for specific ethnic groups, friendships and attitudes with administrative data on the shares of those groups at school and area level. We confirm that the pupils have warmer feelings for their own ethnic group than for others. Second, we show that in schools with more pupils from another ethnic group the gap between a pupils views of those from her own group and from another ethnic group is smaller. This is true for attitudes of the majority and of minority ethnic groups. Third, we show that school composition (interpreted as contact) mitigates area composition (interpreted as exposure).. ...
Keeping our children safe: raising awareness of safeguarding children in black and minority ethnic communities | NSPCC
Collection of Data on Race/Ethnicity and Language Proficiency of Providers | AJMC
New cancer campaign for ethnic communities | Calendar - ITV News
Shortage of organ donors in ethnic communities | Granada - ITV News
Abstract MP74: Understanding the Higher Diabetes Prevalence in South Asians Compared to Four U.S. Racial/Ethnic Groups: The...
Background: South Asians (SA) have a high prevalence of diabetes (DM) which may be due to differences in insulin resistance (IR) or beta-cell function. We compared the prevalence of DM, IR, and beta cell function between SA and four race/ethnic groups. We also determined whether the association between age and adiposity with IR and beta cell function differed by ethnicty.. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of two cohorts aged 44-84 years without CVD: the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). We compared 799 SA with 2,611 Whites, 1,879 African Americans (AA), 1,493 Latinos and 801 Chinese Americans (CA). DM was classified by fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or use of a diabetes medication. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-IR and beta cell function by the HOMA-ß model. Spline curves displayed the effect of age and waist with HOMA-IR and HOMA- ...
Preparing minority ethnic children for starting primary school: Integrating health and education - Race Equality Foundation
The Marmot Review (2010) recommends that investment should be made into interventions targeting the early years, as it is believed this is where the greatest impact can be achieved. The review specifically recommends support for transition between home and primary school as this is highlighted as a period which may be particularly challenging for those from disadvantaged backgrounds. Emanating from this perspective and focusing on children up to 5 years old from minority ethnic backgrounds, this paper draws on findings from a small study with foundation stage minority ethnic children, their parents and school teachers in a northern city in England, together with relevant literature to identify issues in transition of minority ethnic children to primary school. Such an approach is necessary to reduce ethnic inequalities in both education and health related outcomes (Dyson et al., 2009).. Key messages:. ...
The Role of Ethnic Variation and CKD | American Society of Nephrology
Advanced CKD is one of the starkest examples of disparities in health conditions, with rates of ESRD for racial/ethnic minorities ranging from 1.5 to 4.0 times those of age-adjusted white counterparts, although there are relatively similar rates for the early stages of CKD (1). Despite the consistent findings of increased ESRD among racial/ethnic minorities, the reasons for these disparities remain elusive. Health research often tries to identify an independent role of race/ethnicity by controlling for factors, such as socioeconomic status, education, health care utilization, and insurance, and exploring potential polymorphisms of genes that may influence the development and/or progression of CKD (1,2). However, rarely do we reflect on what the designation of race/ethnicity actually means beyond a simple census marker. The concepts of race and more recently, ethnicity are deeply integrated into the social fabric of our society. Yet, they often mean different things to different people, and the ...
Understanding ethnic and other socio-demographic differences in patient experience of primary care: evidence from the English...
Using data from a large national English patient survey we found substantially more negative experiences reported by ethnic minorities (particularly South Asians and Chinese), younger patients and those with poor self-rated health. Differences by gender and socioeconomic deprivation were limited and inconsistent. A substantial proportion of ethnic differences reflected concentration of ethnic minority patients in low-performing practices (consistent with the minorities concentrated in poor practices hypothesis, table 1), but concentration in low-scoring practices explained little of the large differences observed among patients of different age and self-rated health. In spite of large within-practice differences among patients of different ethnicity and self-rated health, primary care practices varied substantially in respect of these differences and in some practices South Asian and Chinese patients evaluated their experience similarly or more positively compared with White patients. This ...
Concise Essay Culture Different Ethnic Groups Nigeria West
Embroidery works of Yi ethnic group
Category:Ethnic groups in Canada - Wikimedia Commons
Categoría:Etnias de Canadá (es); Kategoria:Kanadako etniak (eu); بؤلمه:کانادادا یاشایان خالقلار (azb); Kategorie:Ethnische Gruppe in Kanada (de-ch); Kategorie:Ethnische Gruppe in Kanada (de); Category:Ethnic groups in Canada (en-gb); رده:اقوام در کانادا (fa); Категория:Етнически групи в Канада (bg); Kategori:Etniske grupper i Canada (da); Categorie:Grupuri etnice din Canada (ro); زمرہ:کینیڈا کے نسلی گروہ (ur); Kategorio:Etnoj en Kanado (eo); Категорија:Етнички групи во Канада (mk); Kategori:Etniska grupper i Kanada (sv); Category:カナダの民族 (ja); Категорія:Народи Канади (uk); Төркем:Канада халыклары (tt); Category:Ethnic groups in Canada (en); श्रेणी:कनाडा की मानव जातियाँ (hi); Катэгорыя:Народы Канады (be); 분류:캐나다의 민족 (ko); ...
ethnic group Stock Videos | ethnic group Stock Footage | Framepool
Black Training and Enterprise Group | Ensuring fair access and outcomes for black and minority ethnic communities in employment...
A systematic review of the prevalence of herb usage among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States. | RCMAR/UCLA
Severe COVID More Likely in Black, Asian Patients
Summer 2016 Courses - NIU - College of LA&S External Programming
This course provides basic theoretical and empirical knowledge about racial and ethnic relations in the United States. The first part of the course explores theories that explain the introduction, maintenance, reproduction, and persistence of race and ethnicity as meaningful social groupings. With this theoretical backdrop, we examine racial and ethnic relations in the "real world." The main themes of this course are: 1) to explain whether, how and why race and ethnicity matter; 2) to demonstrate how race and ethnicity interact with and relate to larger social and economic institutions in the U.S.; and 3) to help you to construct theoretically informed and cogent arguments that support your own perspectives on racial and ethnic group relations.. We will consider the following questions: 1. What accounts for biological emphasis of race? 3. What accounts for racial/ethnic groups position in the class hierarchy? 4. How does the fact of being a racial/ethnic minority affect other group experiences? ...
I Totally Empathize With You…Sometimes: Effects of Empathy on Ethnic Group Interactions - Association for Psychological Science
Ethiopian Government Used Israeli Spyware To Track Ethnic Group Supporters | News Flash
Cigarette smoking behaviour and ethnic group (grouped total responses) by age group and sex, for the census usually resident...
Traditional festival of Pa Co ethnic group restaged in Thua Thien - Hue - Nhan Dan Online
There are some differences between hair and growth rates across different ethnic groups. - PDF
5 Ways in Which Ethnicity Affects Health
Does where we come from affect our proneness to certain diseases? After all, if our ethnicity can be seen through our genetics, and genetic factors determine likeability for diseases, the link between ethnicity and health should come as no surprise, right?. In this article, well try to shed some light on this topic from a completely objective perspective.. For starters, we should acknowledge a simple truth: ethnicity and its real impact on biological matters is a sensitive subject. Only experts have come to face the fact that ethnicity actually has physiological consequences and therefore, might help to explain a certain predisposition to pathologies and disease. This article will include information on the different impacts that ethnic factors have on health. Because when talking about well-being and healthiness your origins matter. In order to genuinely consider health risks that you might face, it´s fundamental to identify the ethnic group of belonging. Ethnic aspects will inevitably be ...
COVID-19 death risk higher for ethnic minorities, report rev
Saad Sharaf: are the UK's marketers trying hard enough to target ethnic groups? | MAA
Racial and ethnic differences in hypertension | SpringerLink
What Every Woman Should Know Before You See 'Hustlers' - S Factor
In an iconic scene from the movie, Jennifer Lopez shows Constance Wu a few pole tricks, and Wu deflates. "I cant do that. What if you dont have muscles to do that?" From the pole, Jennifer Lopez replies matter-of-factly, "You can, and you will. Every girl has muscles to do this." Theres a common misconception that pole dancing is for young, thin women with strong arms and an athletic build. Or more recently, for men.. As the founding organization behind the "pole fitness" movement more than 20 years ago, S Factor has led thousands of women of all levels of ability to discover their own sensual, feminine power. You dont have to be an athlete to join the diverse women of S Factor in tapping into your own power. Your body, age, and shape are not obstacles to dancing - your beliefs are the only limitations. You can do this, and this is for you.. Dont believe us? Watch how three generations of women have made S Factor their family practice: ...
Latinos Most Likely Ethnic Group to 'Marry-Out' of Race | Colorlines
Ethnic Groups | | Arc Technologies
ကဏ္ဍ:"Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation - ဝီကီပီးဒီးယား
Ethnicity - NeuRA Library
MyHeritage Ethnicity Results | DNAeXplained - Genetic Genealogy
I originally wrote about MyHeritage in February 2017, reflecting matching issues and a broken promise regarding providing ethnicity estimates to people who uploaded their raw DNA file from another vendor. Im glad to say MyHeritage changed their minds about providing ethnicity results and, today, has honored their original commitment and provided free ethnicity results to…
Auto Enrollment Can Help DC Account Balance Disparity | PLANADVISER
In a pre-class survey, I asked my students questions about their own racial/ethnic backgrounds and the types of places they have lived in. Race first, where I grouped the "mixed" race answers for people who combined White with Latinx or Black into the minority group for this table. This course. Read more ...
Types of spatial mobility and change in people's ethnic residential contexts (Volume 34 - Article 41 | Pages 1161-1192)
I could be wrong....: 02/01/2003 - 03/01/2003
And heres where the short- and long-term meanings of "diversity" can actually diverge, in an interesting--and, I believe, very telling--way. Now, I happen to be an enthusiastic supporter of all the ideals encoded into the long-term meaning of "diversity", but I vehemently oppose it in its short-term sense. My justification is simple: I have literally not the slightest doubt that color-blind policies will lead, in the long-term--and probably sooner than most people expect--to "diversity" in the short-term sense (i.e., representation levels of minority groups in, say, university populations--including elite ones--that are approximately proportional to those groups presence in society at large). After all, eventual integration into, and mirroring of, the overall traits of the general population has been the fate of every single other racial or ethnic minority in the history of America. And while each groups history has been different (with that of African-Americans being a particularly striking ...
Statistics as Topic | Profiles RNS
Poverty, ethnicity and caring | JRF
Diversity in Higher Education
Demographics of Brazil
Another important ethnic group, Africans, first arrived as slaves. Many came from Guinea, or from West African countries - by ... Other ethnic groups have merged with the Indigenous tribes there. This region is not densely populated, and "caboclos", people ... Brazil's population is very diverse, comprising many races and ethnic groups. In general, Brazilians trace their origins from ... Age group Brazil 100% (percent of the population) White 47.73% (percent in the race/percent in the age group) Black 7.61% ( ...
Ethnic groups. Ethnic groups in Ivory Coast include Akan (42.1%), Voltaiques or Gur (17.6%), Northern Mandés (16.5%), ... Each of the ethnic groups in Ivory Coast has its own music genres, most showing strong vocal polyphony. Talking drums are also ... and the relationship between various ethnic groups became strained, which resulted in two civil wars in the following decades. ... The group has had a major impact on the sub-Saharan region of Africa, particularly Ivory Coast. By 2030, they plan to have ...
The province is inhabited by many different ethnic groups, with the Malays the largest ethnic group. Most speak Palembang Malay ... Ethnic groups. The province has no clear ethnic dominance, though the indigenous Musi-speaking Malays have a plurality, ... Ethnic groups. 34% Malay. 27% Javanese. 5.7% Komering. 2.5% Sundanese. 1.1% Chinese. 30% other. ... Other ethnic groups include the Javanese, Sundanese, Minangkabau and Chinese. Most are concentrated in urban areas and are ...
Demographics of Nauru
Ethnic groups. Nauru, as of 2011, is mainly inhabited by Nauruans (94%), while the main minority groups include Fijians ( ... According to the Constitution Nauru does not exclude any ethnic group to become a citizen. ... The Coast Defense Study Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2014.. ... and the housing group of the CPI; and from 1948-49 onwards, the CPI." (3.10). Retrieved May 4, 2015 ...
... in specific ethnic groups. In Europe. Ancient Greece. While men held positions of religious ... Most ethnic groups classified as "(Montagnards, Malayo-Polynesian and Austroasian)" are matrilineal. ... 4 Matrilineality in specific ethnic groups *4.1 In Europe *4.1.1 Ancient Greece ... Any clan might possibly contain from one to several or many descent groups or family groups - i.e., any matrilineal clan might ...
The most common ethnic groups are Italian and Spanish (including Galicians and Basques). It is estimated that up to 25 million ... Ethnic groups. Main articles: Ethnography of Argentina and Immigration to Argentina ... Other ethnic Natives come from the immigration from neighboring countries, like Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru and Ecuador.[citation ... Ethnic Europeans include the Argentine descendants of colonists from Spain during the colonial period prior to 1810, and mainly ...
Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture
Han people made up the largest single ethnic group in Xishuangbanna, making up 36.53% of a population of 627,089, while Dai ... Ethnic-political adaptation and ethnic change of the Sipsong Panna Dai: an ethnohistorical analysis. The University of ... Dai Ethnic Garden, 30 kilometers away from Jinghong city, is a popular ethnic theme park with natural Dai village and Buddhist ... Ethnic minority autonomous areas. Dong. Hui. Korean. Manchu. Miao. Mongol. Tibetan. Tujia. Uyghur. Yao. Yi. Zhuang. Other. ...
Ethnic groups. Main article: Ethnic groups in the Middle East. Arabs constitute the largest ethnic group in the Middle East, ... Shoup, John A. (2011-10-31). Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia. ISBN 978-1-59884-362-0. . Archived ... Arabs constitute the majority ethnic group in the region, followed by Turks, Persians, Kurds, Azeris, Copts, Jews, Assyrians ... European ethnic groups that form a diaspora in the region include Albanians, Bosniaks, Circassians (including Kabardians), ...
Levinson, David (1998). Ethnic groups worldwide: a ready reference handbook. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 345-6. ISBN 1- ... The Dominican Republic's population is 70% of racially mixed origin, 16% Black, and 14% White. Ethnic immigrant groups in ... Preschool education is organized in different cycles and serves the 2-4 age group and the 4-6 age group. Preschool education is ... Minority Rights Group International. Retrieved January 14, 2008.. *^ Richard Morse: Haitian Cane Workers in the Dominican ...
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Ethnic groups. According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition was: ... Ethnic. group 1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1 ... It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group. ... Resolution of December 10, 1930 On the Organization of the Ethnic Clusters in the Areas of Settlement of the Small-Numbered ...
Ethnic groups. Main articles: East Asians and Ethnic groups of East Asia ... Major ethnic groups of East Asia include the Han, Yamato, and Koreans. There are 76 officially-recognized minority ethnic ... Ethnic groups States/territories Chinese folk religion 中国民间信仰 Spontaneous formation 5000 years from now Salvationist, Wuism, ... Minahan, James B. (2014). Ethnic Groups of North, East, and Central Asia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. xx-xxvi. ISBN 978- ...
Ethnic groups. In the 2001 UK Census, 71.15% of the population classed their ethnic group as White, including White ... The East End district around Spitalfields has been first home for several ethnic groups, which have subsequently moved ... In the 2011 UK Census, 59.79% of the population classed their ethnic group as White, including White British (44.89%), White ... These figures do not give a fair indication of the total population of the specific ethnic groups associated with each country ...
United States Virgin Islands
Ethnic groups. The racial makeup of the U.S. Virgin Islands was: ... "Census 2010 News , U.S. Census Bureau Releases 2010 Census Ethnic Counts for the U.S. Virgin Islands". 2010.census.gov. ... is a group of islands in the Caribbean and an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. The islands are ... the Moravian Church and other Protestant groups. Historically, St. Thomas and St. Croix are known for missionary efforts ...
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Ethnic groups. The Nenets make up 5.9% of the population, preceded by ethnic Russians (61.7%) and Ukrainians (9.7%), ... Ethnic. group 1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1 ... The proportion of ethnicities in this group is estimated to be the same as that of the declared group. ... Other prominent ethnic groups include Belarusians (1.3%), Khants (1.9%), Azerbaijanis (1.8%), Bashkirs (1.7%), Komi (1%), and ...
Ethnic groups. The area was traditionally inhabited by the settled Songhay, and the nomadic Tuareg, Moors, and Fulas ( ... Tuareg nomadic groups such as the MNLA, an Azawadi separatist group, helped retake several main towns in the North, but stayed ... In February 2014, a massacre of a Malian general's family who were ethnic Tuareg led to an ethnic conflict between Fulani ... "Mali rebel groups 'clash in Kidal'". BBC News. 8 June 2012.. *^ Tiemoko Diallo and Adama Diarra (28 June 2012). "Islamists ...
4.2 Ethnic groups and religion. *5 Administrative divisions. *6 Culture *6.1 Fortresses and archaeological sites ... The ethnic minorities of Armavir Province *^ "RA Armavir Marz" (PDF). Marzes of the Republic of Armenia in Figures, 2002-2006. ... The majority of the Armavir Province population are ethnic Armenians who belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The ... COAF started to work in a cluster approach, grouping nearby villages for infrastructure improvements and programs. In 2006, ...
Taiwanese indigenous peoples
Indigenous ethnic groups recognized by Taiwan. See also: Demographics of Taiwan and List of aboriginal ethnic groups in ... The Austronesian speaking people can now be grouped into two genetically distinct groups: *The Sunda or Malay-group consisting ... See also: List of ethnic groups in China and Taiwan. The People's Republic of China (PRC) government claims Taiwan as part of ... Hla'alua and Kanakanavu were recognized as the 15th and 16th ethnic group on 26 June 2014. A full list of the recognized ...
... ethnic Moors) and Portuguese Jews (ethnic Sephardim), both of these religious groups were victims of the Inquisition. Other ... Ethnic groups. The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited when the Portuguese discovered it in 1456. The modern ... Opposition groups came together to form the Movement for Democracy (MPD) in Praia in April 1990. Together, they campaigned for ... The islands are spatially divided into two groups: *The Barlavento Islands (windward islands): Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa ...
Ethnic groups. According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition was: ... Ethnic. group 1926 Census 1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1 ... The name "Bashkortostan" derives from the name of the Bashkir ethnic group, also known as Başqorts. While the ... Non-religious people form a substantial part of any ethnic group in Bashkortostan. There are 13,000 Jews in the republic, with ...
Ethnic groups. Salvadoran model Irma Dimas was crowned Miss El Salvador in 2005. She made headlines recently for her entry into ... 0.23% of the population are of full indigenous origin, the ethnic groups are Kakawira which represents 0.07% of the total ... and construction firms owned by this ethnic group. As of 2004[update], there were approximately 3.2 million Salvadorans living ... Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-313-30620-4.. *^ Thomas L. Pearcy (2006). The History of Central America. ...
São Tomé and Príncipe
Demographics of Iran
Languages and ethnic groups. Main articles: Iranian peoples, Turkic people, Peoples of the Caucasus in Iran, Ethnic ... give Iran's ethnic groups as following: Persians (including Lurs and other sub-groups of Persians) 71%, Azerbaijanis 16%, Kurds ... BBC - Iran in Maps - Map of Iranian ethnic groups & population density. *Iran: A Vast Diaspora Abroad and Millions of Refugees ... "Development Economics, Development Data Group (DECDG). World Bank. June 2009.. *^ "The World Factbook". cia.gov. Archived from ...
Common surnames by ethnic group. Assyrian. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section ... Rajputs are an ethnic group in India, spread all over the country and have a rich cultural identity. ... The Assyrian people are a distinct ethnic group, descendant largely from the population of ancient Assyria, indigenous to ... certain ethnic groups are subject to political pressure to change their surnames, in which case surnames can lose their family- ...
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Over 200 ethnic groups populate the Democratic Republic of the Congo, of which the majority are Bantu peoples. Together, Mongo ... It is culturally accepted as the lingua franca facilitating communication among the many different ethnic groups of the Congo. ... The culture of the Democratic Republic of the Congo reflects the diversity of its hundreds of ethnic groups and their differing ... The Kongo people are the largest ethnic group in the Democratic Republic of Congo. ...
Ethnic Groups. The indigenous population of Central Sulawesi consists of 15 ethnic or tribal groups, namely: *Kaili in ... Because many ethnic groups inhabit Central Sulawesi, there are also many differences between these ethnic groups which are ... Ethnic groups. Buton (23%) Kaili (20%) Bugis (19%) Tolaki (16%) Muna (15%). Gorontaloan (7%). ... The people of Central Sulawesi have around 22 languages that differ from one ethnic group to another, such as Kaili, Pamona, ...
Socialist Sunday School
Type 2 diabetes
Women seem to be at a greater risk as do certain ethnic groups, such as South Asians, Pacific Islanders, Latinos, and ... This may be due to enhanced sensitivity to a Western lifestyle in certain ethnic groups. Traditionally considered a ... some ethnic groups, including Hispanics, African-Americans, and Native-Americans; a history of gestational diabetes; polycystic ... "Culturally appropriate health education for people in ethnic minority groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus". The Cochrane ...
There are also reasons why a placebo treatment group may outperform a "no-treatment" group in a test which are not related to a ... 2.2 Traditional ethnic systems. *2.3 Supernatural energies. *2.4 Herbal remedies and other substances ... Nature Publishing Group. 462 (7274): 711. doi:10.1038/462711a. PMID 20010660.. *^ Gorski, DH; Novella, SP (September 2014). " ... "CAM is a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of ...
Ethnic groups in the Arab League. Hidden categories: *Webarchive template wayback links ... The society of the Marsh Arabs was divided into two main groups by occupation. One group bred and raised water buffalo while ... To this day, the shaikh of a Marsh Arab group will collect a tribute from his tribe in order to maintain the mudhif, the tribal ... and the Sumerians lost their distinct ethnic identity by around 1800 BCE, some 2700 years before. Others, however, have ...
... repeatedly stated or implied that Cambodians were an intrinsically superior group to other ethnic or national groups ... These restrictions were initially imposed on the Cham ethnic group before being rolled out across other communities. Pol ... but it was beset by ethnic tensions between the Khmer and Vietnamese. News of the group was censored from the press and it is ... His family was of mixed Chinese and ethnic Khmer heritage, but did not speak Chinese and lived as though they were fully Khmer. ...
The Partition of India outraged many majority Hindu nationalist politicians and social groups. Savarkar and members of the ... One of the revolutionaries, Bagha Jatin, who managed to escape the trial started a group which would be called Jugantar. ... Many members of the group faced charges and were transported and imprisoned for life. Others went into hiding. ... "After 'ghar wapsi' & 'love jihad', Hindu radical groups start 'Bahu lao, Beti bachao' programme in Bengal , India TV News". 13 ...
... in which he identified the triple-pulse clave as the guide pattern for many pieces of music from ethnic groups across Africa.[ ... The main exceptions are: the form of rumba known as Columbia, and some performances of abakuá by rumba groups, where the 6. 8 ... Some Havana-based rumba groups still use son clave for yambú.[c] The musical genre known as son probably adopted the clave ...
2000 United States Census
... and have congratulated the Nowruz-observing ethnic groups and nationals in Georgia on the day of Nowruz. ... The festival of Nowruz is celebrated by many groups of people in the Black Sea basin, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Western Asia, ... Many Iranians will throw large Nowruz parties in a central location as a way of dealing with the long distances between groups ... "Three Kurds killed in Syria shooting, human rights group says - Middle East". MonstersAndCritics.com. Archived from the ...
Minahan, James (2000). One Europe, many nations: a historical dictionary of European national groups. Westport, Conn.: ... Growing sense of ethnic identity.. Regulated by. Royal Galician Academy. Language codes. ... It was created by a group of students: Fermín Bouza Brey, Xosé Filgueira Valverde, Lois Tobío Fernández, with the collaboration ... Modern Galician is part of the West Iberian languages group, a family of Romance languages that includes the Portuguese ...
Ali, Shaheen Sardar; Rehman, Javaid (2001). Indigenous Peoples and Ethnic Minorities of Pakistan: Constitutional and Legal ... Linguist Suniti Kumar Chattopadhyay grouped these dialects into four large clusters-Rarh, Banga, Kamarupa and Varendra; but ... The Bengali alphabet has often been included with the group of Brahmic scripts for romanization where the true phonetic value ... which in turn formed three groups of the Bengali-Assamese languages, the Bihari languages, and the Odia language. Some argue ...
List of political parties in China
Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Leader: Han Zheng. *HK & Macau Affairs Office Director: Zhang Xiaoming. ... Ethnic Affairs. *Constitution and Law. *Supervisory and Judicial Affairs. *Financial and Economic Affairs ... Central Leading Group for Taiwan Affairs Leader: Xi Jinping. Deputy Leader: Wang Yang. *Taiwan Affairs Office Director: Zhang ... Central Leading Group for Inspection Work Leader: Zhao Leji. *Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military ...
... and unique symbolic patterns might have been trademarks that represent different Upper Paleolithic ethnic groups. Venus ... Multiple hominid groups coexisted for some time in certain locations. Homo neanderthalensis were still found in parts of ... a b Bahn, Paul (1996) "The atlas of world archeology" Copyright 2000 The Brown Reference Group PLC ... Around 500,000 BP a group of early humans, frequently called Homo heidelbergensis, came to Europe from Africa and eventually ...
Rates appear to be lower in rural societies. While some research has found it affects people of all ethnic groups, ... Cochrane Skin Group) (March 2020). "Topical benzoyl peroxide for acne". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3: ... Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . Archived from the original on 12 March 2017.. ... Liu, Haibo; Yu, Haiyan; Xia, Jun; Liu, Ling; Liu, Guan J; Sang, Hong; Peinemann, Frank (1 May 2020). Cochrane Skin Group (ed ...
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Race and ethnicity are known to play a major role in donor recruitment drives, as members of the same ethnic group are more ... European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplant". Br. J. Haematol. 102 (5): 1115-23. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2141.1998.00930.x. PMID ... For this same group, severe cardiovascular events were observed with a rate of about 1 in 1500. The most common severe adverse ... Within the United States, racial minority groups are the least likely to be registered and therefore the least likely to find a ...
Related ethnic groups' needing confirmation. *Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters ... State-recognized and unrecognized groups. Two groups who claim descent from Lenape people are state-recognized tribes. ... Other Indian groups, especially the Wyandot, the Mingo, the Munsee, the Shawnee, and the Wolf Clan of the Delaware, favored the ... A third group of Lenape, many of them converted Christian Munsees, lived in several mission villages run by Moravians. (They ...
Although not Communist, the group acknowledged Karl Marx's social philosophy. Niebuhr was among the group of 51 prominent ... as well as Jewish and Catholic ethnics from eastern and southern Europe. They competed for jobs and limited housing, and the ... He was the group's president until it transformed into the Americans for Democratic Action in 1947. ... Niebuhr soon left the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a peace-oriented group of theologians and ministers, and became one of ...
Culture of Mongolia
Ethnic groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. References. *^ a b c d e f g Encyclopædia Britannica Online: Banda ... The Banda people are an ethnic group of the Central African Republic. They are also found in the Democratic Republic of the ... Estimated to be around 1.3 million people at the turn of the 21st century, they constitute one of the largest ethnic groups in ... The Banda are a patrilineal ethnic group, who traditionally have lived in the Savannas north of the Congo, in dispersed home ...
Barbados-United States relations
Category:Ethnographic groups of people from Georgia (country)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ethnic groups in Georgia.. Pages in category "Ethnographic groups of people from Georgia ... Category:Ethnographic groups of people from Georgia (country). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Ethnographic_groups_of_people_from_Georgia_(country)&oldid= ...
Baháʼí Faith by country
and ethnic groups. 1,179. ,2,100. 2,112 Languages into which Baháʼí literature is translated. 417. 800. ... "Telegraph Media Group Limited. December 20, 2001. Retrieved October 12, 2020.. *^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic ... Baháʼís were grouped in with the category "Other Religions" that included Sikhs and Zoroastrians. Pew said, "Because of the ... As is typical with a religious group made up primarily of converts, Baha'is who drift from active participation in the movement ...
This group was independent from the Third Army and Abdülkerim Paşa was directly reporting to Enver Paşa. The Turks were ready ... The ethnic cleansings and massacres resulted in the deaths of 1.5 million Armenians, with other estimates being between 800,000 ... 1st and 5th Expeditionary Forces were positioned to the south of the Russian offensive force and a "Right Wing Group" was ... Viking (Published by the Penguin Group) (1914 operations). *Ulrichson, Kristian Coates (2014). The First World War in the ...
Culture of Bengal
Minahan, James B. (2012). Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598846607. .. .mw- ... Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, is a cosmopolitan city which houses a sizeable number of ethnic communities. Bengal is an ... Apart from these, there are also numerous ethnic and religious minorities. ...
What percentage of France's population do ethnic groups represent? | Reference.com
France estimates that its ethnic minority populations can be divided as follows: 4 to 7 million Arabs, 3 to 5 million blacks, ... What are some examples of ethnic groups?. A: Ethnic groups that compose the population of Benin include the Fon, Adja, Yoruba ... However, there are no reliable official statistics as to what percentage of the countrys total population each ethnic group ... A: A population pyramid represents the proportions of different age groups in a given population as two bar graphs arranged ...
Ethnic Group Essay - 1095 Words
I write about ethnic group and why we cannot define an ethnic group by their ... Ethnic Group ( Java Banyumasan : Orang Jawa of Malaysia ) In this essay, ... Ethnic Groups and Discrimination- Native Americans Essay ...Ethnic Groups and Discrimination Native Americans The ethnic group ... Essay about Religious and Ethnic Groups ...Religious and Ethnic Group: Buddhism/Asian Buddhism is a religious group as depicted ...
Okorocha: Ethnic groups shouldn't determine next ... - NairaPark
Ethnic groups shouldnt determine next president - A former governor of Imo State and Senator representing Imo West, Rochas ... Well I think to me is that the extremist group was exploiting the humanitarian crisis in the Sahel to gain deeper roots in the ... Well I think to me is that the extremist group was exploiting the humanitarian crisis in the Sahel to gain deeper roots in the ... The Defence Headquarters has said that the reported activities of the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda terrorist groups in West ...
Top 13 Most Pronounced African Ethnic Group List | How Africa News
On this African ethnic group list we have included ... African Ethnic Group List On this page is a list of a few of ... What is the criteria to include a tribe or ethnic group in the list. The Oromo ethnic group is probably the largest ethnic ... On this African ethnic group list we have included some of the largest, most interesting, and best known tribal groups. There ... Top 13 Most Pronounced African Ethnic Group List. by MT December 10, 2019, 1:22 pm. 13 Comments ...
Attribution of reasons for religious beliefs in four ethnic groups - UKM Journal Article Repository
Yusuf, (1976) Attribution of reasons for religious beliefs in four ethnic groups. AKADEMIKA, 9 . pp. 21-28. ISSN 0126-5008 ... The results seemed to be consistent with the likely religious influences in the ethnic groups. The most significant finding was ... Approximately 120 adolescents from each of four ethnic groups - Malay, Chinese, Indian and Australian - stratified by age and ... The alternative luck was rejected by all subject in all groups. ...
EJM 12, 3-4 (2019) published - SVI - South Tyrolean Institute of Ethnic Groups in Bolzano
1662 pro-slavery law sounds remarkably pro-abortion - Jill Stanek - Jill Stanek
After all, I cannot think of a single ethnic group, "white" or not, that has not gone to war with another group or ... There is no reason that one ethnic group should be given an advantage over others, even if it is not intentional.. So from this ... These ethnic groups fall under the blanket of what we call Anglo. I do not believe that most white privilege is intentional- ... There is no reason that one ethnic group should be given an advantage over others, even if it is not intentional. Like I said, ...
Genetic and ethnic backgrounds of the oligarchs
Races and ethnic groups. The terms "race" and "ethnic group" are similar but not identical in their connotations. "Ethnic group ... "ethnic groups". An ethnic group would be any distinguishable subset of one of the larger continental races. Whether an ethnic ... This is the key genetic definition of an ethnic group.. There are a great many distinguishable ethnic groups on Earth, and the ... So, we feel comfortable with the conclusion that the groups are from different races as well as different ethnic groups. When ...
Ethnic inequalities in NZ poverty unchanged | Radio New Zealand News
A study has found major ethnic inequalities in poverty among young people in New Zealand has remained the same for over two ... The findings are no surprise according to Mike OBrien, a spokesperson for Child Poverty Action Group. ... A study has found major ethnic inequalities in poverty among young people in New Zealand has remained the same for over two ... Ethnic inequalities in NZ poverty unchanged. 6:22 am on 20 July 2016 ...
Health Equity Considerations and Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups | CDC
Learn how systemic health and social inequities have put racial and ethnic minority groups at increased risk from COVID-19. ... Health Equity Considerations and Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups. Health Equity Considerations and Racial and Ethnic Minority ... Some of the many inequities in social determinants of health that put racial and ethnic minority groups at increased risk of ... Healthcare access and utilization: People from some racial and ethnic minority groups are more likely to be uninsured than non- ...
Mexico - Ethnic groups | Britannica.com
Mexicos population is composed of many ethnic groups, including indigenous American Indians (Amerindians), who account for ... who account for about three-fifths of the total-via a complex blending of ethnic traditions and perceived ancestry. Mexicans of ... Ethnic groups. Mexicos population is composed of many ethnic groups, including indigenous American Indians (Amerindians), who ... Their identities as members of ethnic groups may be additionally complicated, given that ethnicity is a function of cultural ...
Hola (ethnic group) - Wikipedia
Ethnic Channels Group - Wikipedia
Ethnic Channels Group launched a US division - Ethnic Channels Group Inc. (USA), through which it operates and distributes ... List of broadcasting licences held by Ethnic Channels Group Ethnic Channels Group CRTC chart of ECGs assets. ... Ethnic Channels Group Ltd. (Also known as ECG), is the worlds largest ethnic broadcaster that operates 100+ television ... Ethnic Channels Group operates 100+ Canadian television channels. ECG has partnered with over 18 platforms to provide premium ...
Category:Ethnic groups in Australia - Wikimedia Commons
Media in category "Ethnic groups in Australia". The following 56 files are in this category, out of 56 total. ... Category:Ethnic groups in Australia. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Ethnic groups in Australie (sco); หมวดหมู่:กลุ่มชาติพันธุ์ในประเทศออสเตรเลีย (th); Kategoria:Etnografia Australii (pl); ... Ethnic groups in Australia (en-gb); رده:
Category:Ethnic groups in Africa - Wikimedia Commons
Media in category "Ethnic groups in Africa". The following 49 files are in this category, out of 49 total. ... Pages in category "Ethnic groups in Africa". This category contains only the following page. ... Category:Ethnic groups in Africa. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... African art in the Musée du quai Branly by ethnic group (99 C) ...
Flu Disparities Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups | CDC
People from racial and ethnic minority groups are at higher risk for being hospitalized with flu. ... Flu Vaccination Rates Lag Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups. While flu vaccination is the best way to prevent flu and its ... What CDC is Doing to Address Flu Disparities Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups. *Working to increase flu vaccination ... People from racial and ethnic minority groups are at higher risk for being hospitalized with flu. This includes non-Hispanic ...
Bolivia - Ethnic Groups
Ethnic Groups. Bolivia Table of Contents The conquest of the Inca Empire brought the Spanish into contact with a stratified and ... Terminology varied by the region, class, and ethnic affiliation of the speaker. A number of minority groups also existed. The ... Bolivias principal groups were a small number of whites, a larger, more fluid and diverse group of mestizos, and a majority of ... Ethnic identity--always somewhat fluid--became considerably more so following the changes of the 1952 Revolution. The ethnic ...
Ethnic Groups | ASPE
Where the data are available, statistics are shown for three racial/ethnic groups - Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and ... MCC prevalence across racial/ethnic groups varies according to the population included in the study. Non-Hispanic whites had ... This study aimed to describe and characterize the published literature on disparities between racial and ethnic groups among ... Although there is extensive evidence documenting disparities among different racial and ethnic groups with Alzheimers disease ...
Ecuador - ETHNIC GROUPS
ETHNIC GROUPS. Ecuador Table of Contents The countrys ethnic groups descended from Spanish colonizers and South American ... Censuses did not record ethnic affiliation, which in any event remained fluid; thus, estimates of the numbers of each group ... From the perspective of those in the upper echelons, the ranking of ethnic groups was undisputed: whites, mestizos, blacks, and ... The precise criteria for defining ethnic groups varied considerably. The vocabulary that more prosperous mestizos and whites ...
Largest Ethnic Groups In Comoros - WorldAtlas
There are three major ethnic groups in the country with several ethnic minorities. The largest of these ethnic groups are ... Largest Ethnic Groups In Comoros. Ethnic Group. Share of the Population of Comoros. ... The Arab influence on Africans saw the emergence of an Afro-Arab group that has now grown into the largest ethnic group in the ... However, Comoros also have a significant number of people belonging to this ethnic group. Malagasy are divided into two groups ...
Largest Ethnic Groups In Syria - WorldAtlas
Largest Ethnic Groups In Syria. Rank. Ethnic Group. Share of Syrian Population. ... Syrian nationalism advanced the idea of a common Syrian history and nationality, grouping all religions, ethnic groups and ... The Six Biggest Ethnic Groups In Syria. Armenian. Armenians first came to northern Syria in small numbers under the Armenian ... How Ethnic Groups Are Estimated In Syria?. In Syria, like many countries in the Middle East, ethnicity and religion are ...
Macedonians (ethnic group) - Wikiquote
Macedonians are a South Slavic ethnic group native to the country of North Macedonia. They speak the Macedonian language, a ... About two thirds of all ethnic Macedonians live in North Macedonia and there are also communities in a number of other ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikiquote.org/w/index.php?title=Macedonians_(ethnic_group)&oldid=2711776" ...
Death Certificates: Ethnic Groups:Written question - 73890 - UK Parliament
... if he will make it his policy that ethnic information should be included on death certificates. ... To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will make it his policy that ethnic information should be ... The recent Public Health England report Beyond the Data: Understanding the impact of COVID-19 on BAME groups recommended the ... as part of the wider work she is leading to improve the quality of data on ethnic disparities and COVID-19. ...
Ethnic Groups - china.org.cn
It was not until the birth of New China that the Yaos realized equality with other ethnic groups as well as among themselves.. ... The headmen obeyed the central government, which was always dominated by the Han or other large ethnic groups. After the ... Here farming methods and social relations very much resembled those of the Han and Zhuang ethnic groups.. ... While the group is working, a young man stands out in the fields, beating a drum and leading the singing. Everyone sings after ...
Ethnic Groups - china.org.cn
... funeral rites they revealed show that the Tajik ethnic group has been a member of the big family of ethnic groups in China ... That is how Tajik came to be the name of the ethnic group inhabiting this area. So, the Tajik people who had lived in various ... The origin of the Tajik ethnic group can be traced to tribes speaking eastern Iranian who had settled in the eastern part of ... It is the place where the ancient Tajik ethnic group has lived generation after generation. Most of the 41,028 Tajiks live in ...
Ethnic groups in Asia - Wikipedia
The ethnic groups have adapted to mountains, deserts, grasslands, and forests, while on the coasts of Asia, resident ethnic ... "Ethnic groups in Asia" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (October 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template ... The major ethnic groups that form the core of East Asia are the Han, Joseon, and Yamato.[22 ... Main article: Ethnic groups in Northern Asia. For the most part, North Asia is considered to be made up of the Asian part of ...
Country & Ethnic | Hachette Book Group
Ethnic groups - Cyprus
Poll reveals sleep differences among ethnic groups | EurekAlert! Science News
It is the first poll to examine sleep among these four ethnic groups. ... and related public health groups; while NSF also acknowledges that this is an imperfect description of race and ethnic groups. ... Poll reveals sleep differences among ethnic groups. National Sleep Foundation. Funder. National Sleep Foundation. Meeting. ... Asians are the most likely ethnic group (84%) to say that they had a good nights sleep at least a few nights or more a week. ...
Yugoslavia: Ethnic Albanians Demonstrate In Kosovo As Contact Group Meets
Tens of thousands of ethnic Albanians today held one of their biggest demonstrations in a decade in Pristina -- capital of ... The group says there is evidence that some civilians may have been summarily executed. The group has based its demands on ... the Brussels-based group said Serb forces have indiscriminately attacked ethnic Albanian civilians in Kosovo during the past ... The group is demanding an investigation by the International War Crimes Tribunal at The Hague. In a letter sent to the ...
Determinants of Meats Purchase Behavior by Ethnic Groups
... have not received much attention on the determinants of meats purchase behavior by Hispanics in relation to other ethnic groups ... "Determinants of Meats Purchase Behavior by Ethnic Groups," 2010 Annual Meeting, July 25-27, 2010, Denver, Colorado 61073, ... consumer behavior; marketing; food demand; Hispanic food; hispanic food market; Latin foods; comida latina; alimentos; ethnic ... have not received much attention on the determinants of meats purchase behavior by Hispanics in relation to other ethnic groups ...
Racial And Ethnic Group Interactions - 949 Words | Bartleby
... however one can learn from the interactions between different ethnic and... ... Racial and ethnic group interactions occur daily in the world; in Miami, ... treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group" (p. 284). As Kendall ( ... "dominant groups are racial or ethnic groups that have the greatest power and resources in a society. Subordinate groups are ...
Ethnic group files petitionPhnom Penh Post
Two representatives of Mondulkiris Phnong ethnic minority arrived in Phnom Penh yesterday to ask the government to fire the ... Ethnic group files petition Sen David. , Publication date 17 February 2017 , 09:24 ICT ... Sarom] does not think minority groups have value and thats why he is not allowing us to celebrate," Cbib said. "Weve been ... "We all have the right to celebrate our traditions in order to maintain them." Sarom, however, said that the groups allegations ...
Ethnic groups - Netherlands - area
Netherlands - Ethnic groups Follow City-Data.com founder on our Forum or ... Ethnic homogeneity slightly changed as a result of the arrival of some 300,000 repatriates and immigrants from Indonesia, ... The influx of Turks and other workers from the Mediterranean area has further added to the ethnic mix. The most recent ...
Malays (ethnic group) - Wikipedia
Sub-ethnic groupsEdit. Ethnic Malays among other ethnic groups in Indonesia. Although only constituting 3.4% of total ... Malays (ethnic group). (Redirected from Ethnic Malays). This article is about the Malay ethnic group. For the Malay "race", see ... Economic Planning Unit (Malaysia) (2010), Population by sex, ethnic group and age, Malaysia,2010 (PDF). ... Malays (Malay: Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an ethnic group of Austronesian peoples predominantly inhabiting the Malay ...
Foreign and Commonwealth Office: Ethnic Groups:Written question - 279050 - UK Parliament
The Civil Service-wide percentage for ethnic minority staff in SCS grades is 6.0 per cent (March 2019). The Civil Service-wide ... The percentage of United Kingdom-based ethnic minority staff employed in the FCOs senior management structure (SMS) is 7 per ... The percentage of United Kingdom-based ethnic minority staff employed at D6 (grade 7 equivalent) in the Foreign & Commonwealth ... percentage for ethnic minority staff at grade 7 is 11.1 per cent. ... Foreign and Commonwealth Office: Ethnic Groups:Written question ...
Pages that link to "Pennsylvania Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups" • FamilySearch
Pages that link to "Pennsylvania Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups". ← Pennsylvania Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups ... Pennsylvania Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups (redirect page) (← links) *Pennsylvania Biography (← links) ... The following pages link to Pennsylvania Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups: View (previous 50 , next 50) (20 , 50 , 100 , ...
Ethnic groups in Europe - Wikipedia
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ethnic groups in Europe.. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maps of ethnic groups ... "ethnic group" and "nationality". In the context of European ethnography in particular, the terms ethnic group, people, ... Levinson, David (1998), Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1-57356-019-1 ... and the ethnic groups of Europe were grouped into a number of "races", Mediterranean, Alpine and Nordic, all part of a larger " ...
Ethnic Groups in Conflict by Professor Donald L Horowitz - Alibris
Buy Ethnic Groups in Conflict by Professor Donald L Horowitz online at Alibris. We have new and used copies available, in 3 ... Ethnic Groups in Conflict. by Professor Donald L Horowitz Write The First Customer Review ... To understand ethnic conflict is an ambitious task, but by focusing on the logic and structure of conflict and discussing ... To understand ethnic conflict is an ambitious task, but by focusing on the logic and structure of conflict and discussing ...
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- Buddhism/Asian Buddhism is a religious group as depicted from the world's history that began in the 6th century BCE, in today's Northern India. (studymode.com)
- To the religious group boast of a huge following of about 300million across the world including 0.7 percent of U.S.A's religious composition based on U.S's Census Bureau Document (Seager, 2012). (studymode.com)
- Technically, Jawa Banyumasan is one of the subgroups of the Jawa people groups, but they have their own cultural variations which differ from other Jawa peoples. (studymode.com)
- This group of people were traditionally hunters and gathers but in modern day have become farmers. (howafrica.com)
- Researchers using the data have found that overall one in five young people were found to be suffering hardship and two thirds of that group had housing issues such as living in garages or using living rooms as bedrooms. (radionz.co.nz)
- Their identities as members of ethnic groups may be additionally complicated, given that ethnicity is a function of cultural patterns and traditions as varied as a group's sense of linguistic, religious, and socioeconomic history. (britannica.com)
- indeed, the relationship between the two groups defined Ecuador's subsequent pattern of ethnicity. (countrystudies.us)
- The recent Public Health England report 'Beyond the Data: Understanding the impact of COVID-19 on BAME groups' recommended the mandatory collection of ethnicity data at death certification. (parliament.uk)
- As a part of the race and ethnicity questions on the short form of the 2000 Census, members of these groups were asked to indicate one or more categories of racial or ethnic origin. (censusscope.org)
- An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral , social, cultural or national experience. (wn.com)
- Unlike most other social groups, ethnicity is primarily an inherited status. (wn.com)
- Ethnic origin discrimination is also said to have occurred if your employer habitually assigns you menial or demeaning assignments not assigned to other employees within the same rank who are of a different ethnicity. (mesrianilaw.com)
- Controlling for four alcohol severity covariates failed to obviate the effect of ethnicity on PILscores, suggesting important ethnic differences in this construct. (rti.org)
- Due to the high number of mestizos, and the importance of mixed ethnicity to the nation, Honduras is actually not often defined by ethnic conflict. (study.com)
- Some people have more economic and political opportunities than others, and while this is not generally directly targeted against people of any ethnicity, it does tend to fall along ethnic divisions. (study.com)
- An ethnic group or ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry . (artandpopularculture.com)
- The prevalence of diabetes was analysed by sex, ethnicity, and 10-year age groups. (hindawi.com)
- The Malagasy are the major ethnic group in Madagascar. (worldatlas.com)
- H. pylori from Buddhists and Muslims, the two major ethnic communities in Ladakh (India), differ in their population-genetic structure. (pnas.org)
- Originally as a nomad inhabiting the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, they were one of the major ethnic groups in the Xichang area. (tour-beijing.com)
- Pakistan harbors 18 major ethnic groups and Hazara is one of the distinct but smaller groups comprising 0.090% of the total population. (springer.com)
- Discrimination, which includes racism, can lead to chronic and toxic stress and shapes social and economic factors that put some people from racial and ethnic minority groups at increased risk for COVID-19. (cdc.gov)
- In Myanmar, Bibijan Rahimullah stepped aboard a small boat in October for what she was told would be a week-long journey to Malaysia to escape violence and discrimination afflicting her Rohingya ethnic group. (medindia.net)
- Ethnic discrimination is strictly prohibited in all employment practices, including applications and interviews, advertising for jobs or work programs, and working conditions. (mesrianilaw.com)
- If you've been victimized by workplace ethnic discrimination , you have the right to seek damages from the erring employer. (mesrianilaw.com)
- Having a European surname predicted acceptance better than ethnic origin itself, implying direct discrimination rather than disadvantage secondary to other possible differences between white and non-white applicants. (bmj.com)
- Those selecting have a duty to ensure that selection is fair and a legal obligation under the Race Relations Act 1976 and the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 to ensure that selection does not discriminate according to ethnic origin or sex. (bmj.com)
- The cumulative power of exclusion and total probability of discrimination power in the studied group were 0.9867 and 0.9999999999902 for the 30 loci, respectively. (nature.com)
- The results indicated that these 30 loci should only be used as a complement for autosomal STRs in paternity cases but could provide an acceptable level of discrimination in forensic identification cases in the studied Xibe group. (nature.com)
- Either (or both) of these mechanisms can lead to digital discrimination, in which politically marginalized groups suffer from reduced access to modern information and communications technology (ICT). (sciencemag.org)
- Regardless of socioeconomic status, a substantial proportion of survey respondents in many ethnic subgroups reported discrimination in receiving health care. (rwjf.org)
- Purchasing additional doses of pediatric flu vaccine and adult flu vaccine to enhance vaccine coverage in under-vaccinated communities, including populations with lower socioeconomic status and racial and ethnic minority groups. (cdc.gov)
- Providing additional funding to state immunization programs to plan and implement flu vaccination programs for the 2020-2021 flu season, with a focus on priority groups, including non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic or Latino populations. (cdc.gov)
- Both Spain and the United Kingdom are special cases, in that the designation of nationality , Spanish and British , may controversially take ethnic aspects, subsuming various regional ethnic groups (see nationalisms and regionalisms of Spain and native populations of the United Kingdom ). (wikipedia.org)
- France estimates that its ethnic minority populations can be divided as follows: 4 to 7 million Arabs, 3 to 5 million blacks, 1.5 million Asians and 600,000 Jews. (reference.com)
- The major underlying problem to providing high-quality EOLC for ethnic minority populations is twofold, suggest the authors. (vitas.com)
- The incidence of cystic fibrosis (CF) and the frequency of disease-causing mutations varies among different ethnic and geographic populations. (nih.gov)
- People from some racial and ethnic minority groups are more likely to be uninsured than non-Hispanic whites. (cdc.gov)
- Mexicans of European heritage ("whites") are a significant component of the other ethnic groups who constitute the remainder of the population. (britannica.com)
- The ethnic hierarchy with whites at the pinnacle and the mass of Indians at the bottom continued, although the possibilities for those at the lower level to rise improved. (countrystudies.us)
- Bolivia's principal groups were a small number of whites, a larger, more fluid and diverse group of mestizos, and a majority of Quechua or Aymara Indians. (countrystudies.us)
- The vocabulary that more prosperous mestizos and whites used in describing ethnic groups mixed social and biological characteristics. (countrystudies.us)
- From the perspective of those in the upper echelons, the ranking of ethnic groups was undisputed: whites, mestizos, blacks, and Indians. (countrystudies.us)
- The poll shows that Asians are more than twice as likely to use the Internet every night in comparison to any other group (51% versus 22% Whites, 20% Blacks/African-Americans, 20% Hispanics). (eurekalert.org)
- We collected prediagnostic mammograms from 622 breast cancer patients and 443 control subjects ages 35-64 years from three different ethnic groups (whites, African Americans, and Asian Americans) who participated as cases and controls in one of two ongoing breast cancer studies. (aacrjournals.org)
- We report here our case-control study in Los Angeles County of mammographic densities as a breast cancer risk factor in three ethnic groups: African Americans, Asian Americans, and whites. (aacrjournals.org)
- Walker and colleagues analyzed data collected for 336,482 adults who participated in the 2008-to-2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, dividing the list along ethnic lines to include whites, blacks, Latinos, Asian or Pacific Islanders (A/PI), American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) and those who identify as multiracial. (medicalxpress.com)
- Using this definition and the chi square procedure for isolating biased items developed by Scheuneman, a large pool of group-administered intelligence test items were examined for ethnic group bias using samples of whites, blacks, and Mexican-Americans. (ed.gov)
Excel 279 Kb1
- Existing evidence for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias suggests that there are significant differences in prevalence, incidence, treatment, and mortality of Alzheimer's disease across racial and ethnic groups. (hhs.gov)
- Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and drugs commonly prescribed for asthma, method of administration, inappropriate treatment, and odds ratios to assess the effect of ethnic group on rate of prescription and method of administration. (bmj.com)
- Ethnic differences in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes were studied by logistic regression. (hindawi.com)
- From the age of 31-40 years and older, the prevalence of diabetes was 3 to 12 times higher among ethnic minority groups than that among the Dutch host population. (hindawi.com)
- To explore ethnic differences in psychopathology, this study examined the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders among different ethnic groups in Amsterdam and determined whether ethnic differences can be explained by socio-demographic differences. (nih.gov)
- Ethnic differences in prevalence could not be explained by socioeconomic differences. (nih.gov)
- The results, described in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, reveal that empathy for minority groups has a much less positive effect when it is triggered in the context of an actual intergroup interaction situation than it does when directed toward minority group members in the abstract. (psychologicalscience.org)
- The researchers conclude that these findings suggest that when we think about other ethnic groups in the abstract, the resulting attitudes may be very different from the feelings we actually experience during interactions with members of those groups. (psychologicalscience.org)
People from ethnic minority groups2
- To assess whether people from ethnic minority groups are less likely to be accepted at British medical schools, and to explore the mechanisms of disadvantage. (bmj.com)
- The local authority districts in which the degree of segregation of people from ethnic minority groups relative to the rest of the population is greatest are listed. (nih.gov)
- Pristina, 9 March 1998 (RFE/RL) - Tens of thousands of ethnic Albanians today held one of their biggest demonstrations in a decade in Pristina -- capital of Kosovo province -- to protest the killing of dozens by Serb police. (rferl.org)
- The members and associates of the transnational organized crime syndicate were led by ethnic Albanians located in the United States, Canada and Europe. (ice.gov)
- More accurate and expanded demographic information in healthcare enables investigators to document equity and disparities among different patients groups (Brooks & King, 2008). (hhs.gov)
- The same conditions that compromise disparities data in general, compromise disparities research on groups with MCC. (hhs.gov)
- Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Alzheimer's Disease: A Literature Review. (hhs.gov)
- Although there is extensive evidence documenting disparities among different racial and ethnic groups with Alzheimer's disease, there are few studies evaluating interventions to address disparities in this population. (hhs.gov)
- How to take this forward is being considered by the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Equalities (Kemi Badenoch MP) as part of the wider work she is leading to improve the quality of data on ethnic disparities and COVID-19. (parliament.uk)
- Identifying adolescent groups that may be more or less receptive to industry marketing, particularly across the levels of smoking uptake, provides important information that may be useful in focusing efforts to eliminate smoking disparities. (nih.gov)
- Recent study data showed disparities in hepatitis B virus infection rates between ethnic groups as well as among between U.S.-born and foreign-born patients. (healio.com)
- 2002). The plantar Arch pattern dermatoglyhics of the Hausa ethnic group of Nigeria has not been established, and a lot of work had been done in southern Nigeria. (scirp.org)
- According to a May 2002 article in the "American Family Physician," some ethnic groups have high levels of lactose intolerance including up to 100 percent of Asians and Native Americans, 60 to 80 percent of blacks and 50 to 80 percent of Latinos. (livestrong.com)
- Whether on weekdays/workdays or non-workdays/weekends, Blacks/African-Americans spend much more time in bed without sleeping than the other ethnic groups (54 minutes on weekdays/workdays and 71 minutes on non-workdays/weekends). (eurekalert.org)
- They swelled the ranks of a distinct social group that was Spanish speaking and closer in culture to the rulers than to the mass of rural Indians, yet clearly separate from the Hispanic elite. (countrystudies.us)
- Migrations of distinct ethnolinguistic groups have probably occurred as early as 10,000 years ago. (rug.nl)
- Recognition by others as a distinct ethnic group is often a contributing factor to developing this bond of identification. (artandpopularculture.com)
- However, there are distinct category preferences in each ethnic group. (supermarketnews.com)
- Thus the Acholi represent an emergent ethnic identity, forged among a number of distinct groups who have come to share a homeland as well as a language and certain cultural traditions. (oxfordaasc.com)
- The Han ethnic group was recorded at 91.96% in 1990 during the fourth national census. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- The majority of Uygur ethnic people in Xinjiang live in the areas of Hotan, Kashi and Aksu, south of the Tianshan Mountains.According to the 2003 census, there were 8,823,500 Uygur residents in Xinjiang. (absolutechinatours.com)
- The U.S. Census Bureau projections reflect a racial and ethnic composition that is rapidly changing. (medicalxpress.com)
- Ethnic group classifies people according to their own perceived ethnic group and cultural background. (scrol.gov.uk)
- Multiple ethnic groups' classifies households by the diversity in ethnic group of household members in different relationships - for example, different ethnic groups between generations or within partnerships. (scrol.gov.uk)
- Following the arrival of Europeans, intermarriage resulted in an increasing mestizo population that over the centuries became the dominant ethnic group in Mexico. (britannica.com)
- 18 reported 2000 biallelic human InDels and the population data in four groups (Europeans, Africans, Japaneses and Native Americans). (nature.com)
- The indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology , the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe . (wikipedia.org)
- However, participants from various Sarawak indigenous groups were similar in their positive attitudes toward their ethnic identity, and the range of variation is narrow. (jhu.edu)
- Ethnopharmacological relevance: Homegardens are important habitats for medicinal plants and traditional knowledge, especially among indigenous groups in remote areas. (cabi.org)
- We have created a 2020 ranking of the best colleges in Arizona that offer Ethnic, Cultural Minority, Gender, And Group Studies degrees to help you find a school that fits your needs. (universities.com)
- To achieve the goal of the HHS to increase the diagnosis rate from one-third to two-thirds of persons with chronic HBV by 2020 and the elimination of HBV by 2030, more effort is needed to improve screening and disease awareness among providers and high-risk groups for HBV infection so as to provide vaccination to those who remain unvaccinated and treatment to those who require treatment. (healio.com)
- The majority of other ethnic groups live in Yunnan province, but it is common for there to be more than one ethnic group in each city or town. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- As a romantic ethnic group, Bai people center on Dali, Yunnan. (absolutechinatours.com)
- Known as people of peacock and water, Dai Minority, an ancient ethnic group in Yunnan Province, China, is a large and prosperous ethnic group with colorful cultures. (absolutechinatours.com)
- A Chang (阿昌), one of ethnic groups in China, mainly distributes in Yunnan province and Guizhou province. (tour-beijing.com)
- Jino ethnic minority (基诺族) is an ancient nationality, settling down in Jino village, Jinghong county, Xishuangbanna Tai Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province. (tour-beijing.com)
- In this study, we analyzed the incidence of CF and the distribution of CF mutations in the general Jewish population in Israel and in most of the Jewish ethnic subgroups. (nih.gov)
- Racial/ethnic subgroups are not homogenous in their perceptions of the health care system. (rwjf.org)
- The range of survey responses demonstrates the importance of examining population subgroups, rather than limiting research to broader racial/ethnic categories. (rwjf.org)
According to ethnic origin1
- fundamentally)have very high stakes.culturalpractices.I am the co-principal vestigator of an interdisciplinary group pursuing this topic.Legaland SocialImplications (ELSI).AND THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF ESSENTIALISM IDENTITY.as RaynaRapp(1999)and KajaFinkler demonstrated for genetic testing and predictive diagnosis. (scribd.com)
- The majority of expatriates working in Comoros are from the ethnic minority. (worldatlas.com)
- Simultaneous protests were also held in other towns and villages across Kosovo, where the ethnic Albanian majority are seeking independence from Serbia. (rferl.org)
- The majority ethnic groups in France are Celtic and Latin. (reference.com)
Racial or ethnic1
- The first group of Malagasy, the Austronesian settlers, arrived from Borneo and settled in the Central Highland region where they practiced rice farming. (worldatlas.com)
- أورڠ ملايو) are an ethnic group of Austronesian peoples predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula , eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo , as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations - areas that are collectively known as the Malay world . (wikipedia.org)
- Ethnic Channels Group Ltd. (Also known as ECG), is the world's largest ethnic broadcaster that operates 100+ television channels from around the globe, serving the multicultural population in Canada, USA, MENA and Australia, across 20+ language groups. (wikipedia.org)
- The Arab influence on Africans saw the emergence of an Afro-Arab group that has now grown into the largest ethnic group in the country. (worldatlas.com)
- Times of Israel) There is a widespread belief among Igbos - the third-largest ethnic group in Nigeria - that they are descendants of the tribes of Israel. (wnd.com)
- With 45.62 percent of the region's population they are its largest ethnic group.The Uygur language belongs to the Turkic branch of the Altaic language family. (absolutechinatours.com)
- thus, estimates of the numbers of each group should be taken only as approximations. (countrystudies.us)
- Using estimates of Internet penetration obtained through network measurements, we show that politically excluded groups suffer from significantly lower Internet penetration rates compared with those in power, an effect that cannot be explained by economic or geographic factors. (sciencemag.org)
- Why are some genetic conditions more common in particular ethnic groups? (medlineplus.gov)
- If one of these shared genes contains a disease-causing mutation, a particular genetic disorder may be more frequently seen in the group. (medlineplus.gov)
- The term is used in contrast to race , which refers to a classification of physical and genetic traits perceived as common to certain groups. (artandpopularculture.com)
- In the present study, we obtained population genetic data and forensic parameters of 30 InDel loci in Chinese Xibe ethnic group from northwestern China and studied the genetic relationships between the studied Xibe group and other reference groups. (nature.com)
- Analyses of structure, PCA, interpopulation differentiations and phylogenetic tree revealed that the Xibe group had close genetic relationships with South Korean, Beijing Han and Guangdong Han groups. (nature.com)
- Generally speaking, the mixture of indigenous and European peoples has produced the largest segment of the population today- mestizos , who account for about three-fifths of the total-via a complex blending of ethnic traditions and perceived ancestry. (britannica.com)
- African Arabs, commonly known as Afro-Arabs, are a group of people or individuals who trace their ancestry to both African and Arabic origins. (worldatlas.com)
- Most of these minority groups have their ancestry in the countries of origin. (worldatlas.com)
- Let's look at ancestry group (e.g. (discovermagazine.com)
- The Employment Equity Act designates four groups as the beneficiaries of employment equity: Women People with disabilities Aboriginal people, a category consisting of Status Indians, Non-status Indians, Métis (people of mixed French-Aboriginal ancestry in western Canada), and Inuit (the Aboriginal people of the Arctic). (wikipedia.org)
- Some people from racial and ethnic minority groups live in crowded conditions that make it more challenging to follow prevention strategies. (cdc.gov)
- These factors and others are associated with more COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, and deaths in areas where racial and ethnic minority groups live, learn, work, play, and worship. (cdc.gov)
- About two thirds of all ethnic Macedonians live in North Macedonia and there are also communities in a number of other countries. (wikiquote.org)
- The findings suggest that ethnic language use is more extensive in groups that are numerically dominant, who live in their ancestral home area, and whose language has less regional variation. (jhu.edu)