Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Elephantiasis: Hypertrophy and thickening of tissues from causes other than filarial infection, the latter being described as ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL.Trichiasis: A disease of the eye in which the eyelashes abnormally turn inwards toward the eyeball producing constant irritation caused by motion of the lids.Catha: A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE. The leafy stems of khat are chewed by some individuals for stimulating effect. Members contain ((+)-norpseudoephedrine), cathionine, cathedulin, cathinine & cathidine.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Trachoma: A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.LymphangitisToilet Facilities: Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.Neglected Diseases: Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)Martinique: An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Pigmentation: Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.Trinidad and Tobago: An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)Jamaica: An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Kingston. It was discovered in 1494 by Columbus and was a Spanish colony 1509-1655 until captured by the English. Its flourishing slave trade was abolished in the 19th century. It was a British colony 1655-1958 and a territory of the West Indies Federation 1958-62. It achieved full independence in 1962. The name is from the Arawak Xaymaca, rich in springs or land of springs. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p564 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p267)Myositis, Inclusion Body: Progressive myopathies characterized by the presence of inclusion bodies on muscle biopsy. Sporadic and hereditary forms have been described. The sporadic form is an acquired, adult-onset inflammatory vacuolar myopathy affecting proximal and distal muscles. Familial forms usually begin in childhood and lack inflammatory changes. Both forms feature intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions in muscle tissue. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1409-10)Punched-Card SystemsMicrocomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.ComputersJumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases: A family of histone demethylases that share a conserved Jumonji C domain. The enzymes function via an iron-dependent dioxygenase mechanism that couples the conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinate to the hydroxylation of N-methyl groups.Myositis: Inflammation of a muscle or muscle tissue.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Homeless Youth: Runaway and homeless children and adolescents living on the streets of cities and having no fixed place of residence.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Inclusion Bodies: A generic term for any circumscribed mass of foreign (e.g., lead or viruses) or metabolically inactive materials (e.g., ceroid or MALLORY BODIES), within the cytoplasm or nucleus of a cell. Inclusion bodies are in cells infected with certain filtrable viruses, observed especially in nerve, epithelial, or endothelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)Genes, APC: Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with familial adenomatous polyposis (ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS COLI) and GARDNER SYNDROME, as well as some sporadic colorectal cancers.Ear Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Database Management Systems: Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.Management Information Systems: Systems designed to provide information primarily concerned with the administrative functions associated with the provision and utilization of services; also includes program planning, etc.Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems: A concept, developed in 1983 under the aegis of and supported by the National Library of Medicine under the name of Integrated Academic Information Management Systems, to provide professionals in academic health sciences centers and health sciences institutions with convenient access to an integrated and comprehensive network of knowledge. It addresses a wide cross-section of users from administrators and faculty to students and clinicians and has applications to planning, clinical and managerial decision-making, teaching, and research. It provides access to various types of clinical, management, educational, etc., databases, as well as to research and bibliographic databases. In August 1992 the name was changed from Integrated Academic Information Management Systems to Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems to reflect use beyond the academic milieu.Wolves: Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Text Messaging: Communication between CELL PHONE users via the Short Message Service protocol which allows the interchange of short written messages.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.MiningCoal MiningEconomic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Data Mining: Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Famous PersonsAnimal Fins: Membranous appendage of fish and other aquatic organisms used for locomotion or balance.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Baths: The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.

Enterotoxin-producing bacteria and parasites in stools of Ethiopian children with diarrhoeal disease. (1/1130)

Enterotoxinogenic bacteria were isolated from 131 (37%) of 354 Ethiopian infants and children with acute gastrointestinal symptoms. Only one of these isolates belonged to the classical enteropathogenic serotypes of Esch. coli. Two colonies from each patient were isolated and tested for production of enterotoxin by the rabbit ileal loop test, the rabbit skin test, and an adrenal cell assay. However, only 38% of the isolated enterotoxinogenic strains were Esch. coli; the others belonged to Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Proteus, Citrobacter, Serratia, and Aeromonas. In 18 patients both isolates were toxinogenic and belonged to different species. The incidence of intestinal parasites was 35% with no apparent correlation to the occurrence of toxinogenic bacteria in the stools.  (+info)

Health policy development in wartime: establishing the Baito health system in Tigray, Ethiopia. (2/1130)

This paper documents health experiences and the public health activities of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF). The paper provides background data about Tigray and the emergence of its struggle for a democratic Ethiopia. The origins of the armed struggle are described, as well as the impact of the conflict on local health systems and health status. The health-related activities and public health strategies of the TPLF are described and critiqued in some detail, particular attention is focused on the development of the baito system, the emergent local government structures kindled by the TPLF as a means of promoting local democracy, accountability, and social and economic development. Important issues arise from this brief case-study, such as how emerging health systems operating in wartime can ensure that not only are basic curative services maintained, but preventive and public health services are developed. Documenting the experiences of Tigray helps identify constraints and possibilities for assisting health systems to adapt and cope with ongoing conflict, and raises possibilities that in their aftermath they leave something which can be built upon and further developed. It appears that promoting effective local government may be an important means of promoting primary health care.  (+info)

Reduced naive and increased activated CD4 and CD8 cells in healthy adult Ethiopians compared with their Dutch counterparts. (3/1130)

To assess possible differences in immune status, proportions and absolute numbers of subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were compared between HIV- healthy Ethiopians (n = 52) and HIV- Dutch (n = 60). Both proportions and absolute numbers of naive CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were found to be significantly reduced in HIV Ethiopians compared with HIV- Dutch subjects. Also, both proportions and absolute numbers of the effector CD8+ T cell population as well as the CD4+CD45RA-CD27- and CD8+CD45RA-CD27- T cell populations were increased in Ethiopians. Finally, both proportions and absolute numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells expressing CD28 were significantly reduced in Ethiopians versus Dutch. In addition, the possible association between the described subsets and HIV status was studied by comparing the above 52 HIV- individuals with 32 HIV+ Ethiopians with CD4 counts > 200/microliter and/or no AIDS-defining conditions and 39 HIV+ Ethiopians with CD4 counts < 200/microliter or with AIDS-defining conditions. There was a gradual increase of activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, a decrease of CD8+ T cells expressing CD28 and a decrease of effector CD8+ T cells when moving from HIV- to AIDS. Furthermore, a decrease of naive CD8+ T cells and an increase of memory CD8+ T cells in AIDS patients were observed. These results suggest a generally and persistently activated immune system in HIV- Ethiopians. The potential consequences of this are discussed, in relation to HIV infection.  (+info)

Environment and behavior of 2.5-million-year-old Bouri hominids. (4/1130)

The Hata Member of the Bouri Formation is defined for Pliocene sedimentary outcrops in the Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia. The Hata Member is dated to 2.5 million years ago and has produced a new species of Australopithecus and hominid postcranial remains not currently assigned to species. Spatially associated zooarchaeological remains show that hominids acquired meat and marrow by 2.5 million years ago and that they are the near contemporary of Oldowan artifacts at nearby Gona. The combined evidence suggests that behavioral changes associated with lithic technology and enhanced carnivory may have been coincident with the emergence of the Homo clade from Australopithecus afarensis in eastern Africa.  (+info)

Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. (5/1130)

The lack of an adequate hominid fossil record in eastern Africa between 2 and 3 million years ago (Ma) has hampered investigations of early hominid phylogeny. Discovery of 2.5 Ma hominid cranial and dental remains from the Hata beds of Ethiopia's Middle Awash allows recognition of a new species of Australopithecus. This species is descended from Australopithecus afarensis and is a candidate ancestor for early Homo. Contemporary postcranial remains feature a derived humanlike humeral/femoral ratio and an apelike upper arm-to-lower arm ratio.  (+info)

Immunohematological reference ranges for adult Ethiopians. (6/1130)

A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 485 healthy working adult Ethiopians who are participating in a cohort study on the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection to establish hematological reference ranges for adult HIV-negative Ethiopians. In addition, enumeration of absolute numbers and percentages of leukocyte subsets was performed for 142 randomly selected HIV-negative individuals. Immunological results were compared to those of 1,356 healthy HIV-negative Dutch blood donor controls. Immunohematological mean values, medians, and 95th percentile reference ranges were established. Mean values were as follows: leukocyte (WBC) counts, 6.1 x 10(9)/liter (both genders); erythrocyte counts, 5.1 x 10(12)/liter (males) and 4.5 x 10(12)/liter (females); hemoglobin, 16.1 (male) and 14.3 (female) g/dl; hematocrit, 48.3% (male) and 42.0% (female); platelets, 205 x 10(9)/liter (both genders); monocytes, 343/microl; granulocytes, 3, 057/microl; lymphocytes, 1,857/microl; CD4 T cells, 775/microl; CD8 T cells, 747/microl; CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio, 1.2; T cells, 1, 555/microl; B cells, 191/microl; and NK cells, 250/microl. The major conclusions follow. (i) The WBC and platelet values of healthy HIV-negative Ethiopians are lower than the adopted reference values of Ethiopia. (ii) The absolute CD4 T-cell counts of healthy HIV-negative Ethiopians are considerably lower than those of the Dutch controls, while the opposite is true for the absolute CD8 T-cell counts. This results in a significantly reduced CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio for healthy Ethiopians, compared to the ratio for Dutch controls.  (+info)

Distribution of fluoride and fluorosis in Ethiopia and prospects for control. (7/1130)

A review and mapping of fluoride test data for 270 water sources in 126 communities and examination of the literature of fluorosis distribution in Ethiopia show that this health problem extends beyond the Rift Valley into some highland communities. Fluoride concentrations above 5.0 mg/l in the Rift Valley were found mostly in hot springs (100% of all sources), lakes (78%), shallow wells (54%) and boreholes (35%) and the lowest concentrations (below 1.5 mg/l) in springs and rivers. Analysis of hydrochemical, economic and demographic factors in the spatial distribution of high-fluoride domestic water sources indicates that the fluorosis problem has become more serious in the Rift Valley in recent decades. Considerable spatial variation in the occurrence of fluoride, even within the same communities, and the presence of some low-fluoride water sources in the Rift Valley offer possibilities for geochemical exploration for acceptable domestic sources. The defluoridation programme in the Wonji irrigation scheme illustrates the problems faced by a large rural community in a developing country. Possibilities for control are examined and recommendations made for the development of alternative water sources and promising defluoridation methods using locally available materials and technologies.  (+info)

Pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae meningitis in a children's hospital in Ethiopia: serotypes and susceptibility patterns. (8/1130)

Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are responsible for most pyogenic meningitis cases in children in Ethiopia. Resistance of S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae to penicillin and chloramphenicol respectively has been reported globally. Resistance has been related to specific serotypes of S. pneumoniae or to beta-lactamase-producing H. influenzae strains. This study describes the serotypes/ serogroups and susceptibility pattern of the two organisms causing meningitis in Ethiopian children. There were 120 cases of meningitis caused by S. pneumoniae (46) and H. influenzae (74) over a period of 3 years (1993-95). Nineteen children died from pneumococcal and 28 from haemophilus meningitis. Penicillin-resistant pneumococcal meningitis (4/8 = 50%) caused a greater mortality rate than penicillin-susceptible pneumococcal meningitis (15/38 = 39%). Common serotypes accounting for 76% of S. pneumoniae were type 14, 19F, 20, 1, 18 and 5; and serotypes 14, 19F and 7 (accounting for 17% of strains) showed intermediate resistance to penicillin G. 97% of the H. influenzae isolates were type b, and in only two cases beta-lactamase-producing. 72% of isolates of the S. pneumoniae we identified belong to serotypes preventable by a 9-valent vaccine. Our study highlights the possibility of resistant pyogenic meningitis in children in Ethiopia due to emerging resistant strains of S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae isolates.  (+info)

  • Ethiopia , officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia , is a country situated in the Horn of Africa . (
  • Ethiopia, at 435,071 square miles (1,127,127 sq km) in size, makes up the major portion of the Horn of Africa , which is the easternmost part of the African landmass. (
  • ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Ethiopia on Wednesday rejected a proposal by Egypt to operate a $4 billion hydropower dam the Horn of Africa country is constructing on the Nile, further deepening a dispute between the two nations over the project. (
  • The former rises in the Great Lakes of Africa between Rwanda and Burundi and the tributary of the Blue Nile is Lake Tana in Ethiopia, which contributes over 80 per cent of the Nile's flow. (
  • Latest Jobs in Ethiopia Jan 15, 2018 GIZ Jobs in Ethiopia - Junior Project Manager (m/f) Africa GIZ International Services Vacancy Announcement Junior Project Manager (m/f) Africa Announcement Number 008/18 Field of activity The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) is a stateownedorganisation. (
  • Pneumonia is caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi, and leaves children fighting for breath as their lungs fill with pus and fluid.The disease is a leading killer of children in Ethiopia, causing 17% of under-five deaths in 2018. (
  • Latest Jobs in Ethiopia 100+ New Vacancies in Ethiopia Jan 20, 2018 Education/Teaching/Lecturer Jobs in Ethiopia at Dilla University (55+ Vacancies) Dilla University Vacancy Announcement 2018 Dilla, Ethiopia 1. (
  • SOS Children's Villages Ethiopia is a SOS CHILDREN'S VILLAGES INTERNATIONAL JIMMA, OROMIA, ETHIOPIAFULL TIME Jan 17, 2018 Pathfinder Jobs in Ethiopia - Finance Team Leader Pathfinder International Pathfinder Overview Pathfinder International is a global leader in sexual and reproductive health. (
  • We take action in response to emergencies and at the INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS ETHIOPIAFULL TIME Jan 17, 2018 NOC Vacancy in Ethiopia : Distribution Assistant National Oil Company Ethiopia National Oil Ethiopia invites interested applicants to fill the position of Distribution Assistant at its Logistics Division. (
  • The Distribution Assistant plays an important role in assisting in administering the contractual agreement with a number of Transporters which totally own NATIONAL OIL COMPANY (NOC) -ETHIOPIA ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIAFULL TIME Jan 17, 2018 Jobs in Ethiopia at Oromia International Bank SC(multiple Vacancies) Oromia International Bank S.C Oromia International Bank S.C invites qualified and competent applicants for the following positions 1. (
  • METHODS: A retrospective cohort study collated Tb and HIV data from Jimma University Teaching Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia for the period of September 2010 and August 2012. (
  • Methods A case control study was conducted in eight randomly selected health facilities in North Ethiopia from February 5 to March 11, 2009. (
  • Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, "Report on Progress towards Implementation of the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS," Addis Ababa, 2010. (
  • According to The Economist in its Democracy Index, Ethiopia is a "hybrid regime," with a dominant-party system led by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front. (
  • Ethiopian Public Helath Institute Job Vacancy in Ethiopia Job Title: Researcher Ethiopian Public Helath Institute is looking to hire candidates for the Researcher position available. (
  • in-vitro/in-vivo anti-malarial activity reports, and the chemical characterization of medicinal plants of Ethiopia used against malaria. (
  • We assessed the role that social determinants play in Tb/HIV co-infection mortality in southwest Ethiopia. (
  • Appealing to logic, often with little success, Egypt has in turn argued that Ethiopia receives over 510 mm of rainfall annually whilst it has to do with a meagre 200mm for its much larger population. (
  • H. Astatke, M. Black and R. Serpell, "Use of Jessor's Theoretical Framework of Adolescent Risk Behavior in Ethiopia: Implications for HIV/AIDS Prevention," Northeast African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2000, pp. 63-84. (
  • However, the reduction in neonatal and perinatal mortality continues to be a major challenge, and with a rate of 33 deaths per 1000 births, Ethiopia is one of the countries with the highest perinatal mortality rate in the world [ 5 ]. (
  • An expat mom in Ethiopia talks about her experiences finding a doctor, at the hospital, during childbirth and more. (
  • Federal Ministry of Health/National HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, "AIDS in Ethiopia Sixth Report," Addis Ababa, 2006. (
  • We applied our study in a landscape mosaic in Southern Ethiopia that was divided into three zones of increasing distance to Munesa Forest-"near," "intermediate," and "distant. (
  • Latest Jobs in Ethiopia this Week (100+ Vacancies) - Apply Now! (
  • The $4 billion hydroelectric project is on the Blue Nile, in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia, about 15 km east of the border with Sudan. (
  • Mobile Diesel Engine Jaw Crusher Machine for Ethiopia - Shanghai Kinglink Industry Co., Ltd. ... Note: All the technical data are subjected to our final confirmation. (
  • In January 2002, the United Nations Conference Center in Addis Ababa hosted Ethio-Forum 2002, a conference examining the progress and needs of poverty reduction in Ethiopia. (
  • Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Government forces ''effectively smashed'' the Eritrean secessionist movement that has been fighting the central government for more than 20 years in Africa's longest guerrilla war, according to the official Ethiopian news agency. (
  • Addis Ababa - Ethiopia rejected charges by Human Rights Watch that it was using donor aid to suppress political dissent, in a statement issued on Thursday. (
  • All consular services and visa support for residents of the countries listed below are provided by the Embassy of Switzerland in Addis Ababa/Ethiopia. (
  • ADDIS ABABA, July 22, 2014 - Addressing key obstacles in its export sector would help Ethiopia to tap into its significant export potential and further facilitate its economic transformation, according to a new World Bank Group report released today. (
  • Myungsung Christian Medical Center (MCM) is located in the eastern part of Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia. (
  • Addis Ababa (AFP) - Ethnic violence in Ethiopia left 23 people dead at the weekend, state media reported Monday, as protests against the killings gripped the capital Addis Ababa where an angry crowd gathered in the city centre. (
  • Due to the urgent need to feed the 8.2 million people Ethiopia says are suffering from the drought, the Addis Ababa-Djibouti line has just opened to some emergency deliveries this month. (
  • ADDIS ABABA, November 18, 2020 - Over the last two decades, Ethiopia has registered fast economic growth which has led to significant national poverty reduction. (
  • Monthly faculty seminars, held at the University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (
  • ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) - The Ethiopian Athletics Federation has banned two marathon runners for four years each after they tested positive for steroids. (
  • Ethiopia has a fairly well developed transport infrastructure, with one of its key assets being 681 kilometers of railway, the track from Addis Ababa to Djibouti City comprising the majority of this length. (
  • At the beginning of 2019, 55 French companies were present in Ethiopia, employing almost 4,900 people. (
  • A defence agreement was signed in March 2019 during the visit of the President of the French Republic, enabling a specific legal framework for sending French troops to Ethiopia and vice versa. (
  • Maize arrived in Ethiopia slightly later, around the late 17th century (Huffnagel 1961 ), and was mainly grown as a subsistence crop in the mid-altitudes (1500-2000 m above sea level) in southern, south-central, and southwestern parts of the country. (
  • Most of the technologies used to monitor telecom activity in Ethiopia have been provided by the Chinese telecom giant ZTE, which has been in the country since at least 2000 and was its exclusive supplier of telecom equipment from 2006 to 2009. (
  • Assets at marriage in rural Ethiopia ," CSAE Working Paper Series 2000-28, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford. (
  • If channelized and planned well, this demographic dividend could contribute to the economic growth and progress or else faces the risk of increasing migration numbers through irregular and undocumented channels (in light of the 2013 ban on migration imposed by the Government of Ethiopia) in search for better livelihoods and economic opportunities outside the country. (
  • Ethiopia ranks among the fastest growing economies in the world. (
  • Over the past decade, Ethiopia has been one of the world's fastest growing economies. (
  • The French Development Agency (AFD) has been involved in Ethiopia since September 1993 and, since 2010, has mainly provided sovereign loans. (
  • Since 1993 in Ethiopia, the Council has worked with vulnerable adolescent girls and young women-urban and rural-and the men and boys in their lives. (
  • Believed to be the cradle of human civilization, Ethiopia is one of Africa's most beguiling destinations. (
  • Ethiopia is Africa's second-most populous nation, and although the economy have been steadily growing, the vast majority of Ethiopia remains impoverished. (
  • Ethiopia was once known for famine and droughts. (
  • If we wait until a full-on famine breaks out in Ethiopia, lives will be lost and years of hard work will evaporate. (
  • In response to an urgent request from the government of Ethiopia, the United States agreed Friday to send 115,000 tons of emergency food aid to help stave off a famine that officials say threatens to be as severe as that which devastated the nation two years ago. (
  • Maize became increasingly important in the food security of Ethiopia following the major drought and famine that occurred in 1984. (
  • In 1889, Menelik II rose to the position of Emperor of Ethiopia. (
  • I, Haile Selassie I , Emperor of Ethiopia, am here today to claim that justice which is due to my people, and the assistance promised to it eight months ago, when fifty nations asserted that aggression had been committed in violation of international treaties. (
  • Ethiopia is dealing with its worst drought in decades. (
  • A farmer in Woliyta area of Ethiopia experiences higher yields of taro since adopting disease-resistant and drought-tolerant seed varieties. (
  • They live in Woliyta, a drought-prone area in southern Ethiopia that has experienced chronic food shortages. (
  • Ethiopia has a plan in place to build long-term drought resilience and rural food, which is almost exactly what Canadians did to build drought resilience on the Prairies during the Dirty Thirties. (
  • Nearly eight million Ethiopians live in drought-stricken areas, but unlike its neighbours, Ethiopia has a stable, functioning government. (
  • Ethiopia has a plan in place to build long-term drought resilience and rural food security, but it needs additional funds right away. (
  • This drought could overwhelm Ethiopia, it's that severe. (
  • The reason Ethiopia was never colonized was because under a centralized government by Menelik the II, Ethiopians had attained guns and had a well organized military and went to battle in a structured way. (
  • The Fascists also vowed to end slavery in Ethiopia, and two million of the ten million Ethiopians were slaves. (
  • Nearby are the ruins of Fremona , headquarters for the Portuguese Jesuits who came to Ethiopia in the 16th and 17th centuries. (
  • Praxis Ethiopia is an international organisation whose goal is to apply professional expertise to the problems of extreme poverty in Ethiopia. (
  • On 25 January 2002, they met with Prime Minister Meles Zenawi and outlined the concept of creating an international resource in service to poverty reduction in Ethiopia. (
  • The report, entitled Ethiopia Regional Poverty Report - Promoting Equitable Growth for All Regions was prepared in partnership with the Planning and Development Commission of Ethiopia (PDC), and complements the National Poverty Assessment produced earlier this year. (
  • At home, the EPRDF set about trying to pull Ethiopia out of poverty, pledging to drive growth and improve the lives of peasant farmers. (
  • Ethiopia is one of the fastest developing economies in the world but this progress has yet to make much difference to many families living in poverty in urban slum or rural areas where gender inequality and harmful traditional practices continue to be the norm. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Ethiopia office opened in 2001 and works in partnership with the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) to save lives, prevent new HIV and Tuberculosis (TB) infections, and strengthen health systems. (
  • Bearing this in mind, the government of Ethiopia has established the Ministry of Women, Children and Youth Affairs and subsequently adopted the Women and Youth national policies, which ensure the commitment and future direction of the government and thereby providing the framework for the national priorities towards empowering Women and Youth. (
  • The Government of Ethiopia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. (
  • The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) follows a series of integrated five-year development plans, called Growth and Transformation Plans (GTP) to guide the state-led industrial development. (
  • EFF has filed a lawsuit in federal court in Washington, DC alleging that the government of Ethiopia, using notorious surveillance malware known as FinSpy, illegally wiretapped and invaded the privacy of our client, a U.S. citizen on U.S. soil. (
  • The only difference between this an ordinary domestic wiretapping case is that the wiretapping was conducted by the government of Ethiopia. (
  • It then sent copies of those activities, including Skype calls, to a command and control server located in Ethiopia and controlled by the government. (
  • Indeed this would appear to be an attempt by Human Rights Watch to gratuitously blackmail the international community as part of its ongoing vendetta against the government of Ethiopia. (
  • Unless other countries are willing to militarily fight, destroy and replace the government, it is the people of Ethiopia who in time, perhaps years, must change their government. (
  • The wide adaptability of the crop and the potential to produce more calories and food per area of land cultivated than all major cereals grown in Ethiopia were important factors in considering maize as part of the national food security strategy, including its inclusion under the government-led intensive agricultural extension program. (
  • The government has curtailed access to information by blocking websites that offer any independent or critical analysis of political events in Ethiopia. (
  • The project aims at supporting the efforts of the Government of Ethiopia to address and reduce irregular migration in Ethiopia by creating decent livelihood and employment opportunities for potential migrants especially women and youth. (
  • Government of Ethiopia imposed a ban on migration to the Middle East in 2013. (
  • The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) and International organizations including the ILO are concerned about the increasing incidence of irregular migration, which is often strife with violence and inhuman treatment. (
  • In this regard, among other things lack of decent livelihood and employment opportunities are identified as the main driving forces for migration in Ethiopia both by the Government and stakeholders alike. (
  • The standard of education in Ethiopia is on the rise, with the government committed to improving schooling for more rural areas, including teaching in their own languages. (
  • Ethiopia 's new prime minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed, should urgently order investigations into the horrific situation, and the government should ensure regional security forces and officials are held accountable. (
  • He did not speak of abuses in Jail Ogaden in particular or comment on what the government would do to ensure accountability for torture throughout Ethiopia or justice for the victims. (
  • Ethiopia does not have to look far for inspiration, it can replicate its own successes to boost exports. (
  • To sustain growth, the report recommends Ethiopia build on its agricultural foundation by adding quality and value to its exports. (
  • Ethiopia exports mainly raw, unprocessed green coffee beans for around $2 per kilo. (
  • According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Ethiopia supported an estimated 8 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available). (
  • 31 May 2013 - The Ministry of Health of Ethiopia is launching an emergency mass-vaccination campaign against yellow fever from 10 June 2013. (
  • The International Coordinating Group on Yellow Fever Vaccine Provision (YF-ICG1 1 ) will provide over 585,800 doses of yellow fever vaccine for the mass vaccination campaign run by the Ministry of Health in Ethiopia, with support from the GAVI Alliance and other partners. (
  • The writer used primary source- a discussion with Mr. Sisay Ayalew, Mineral Licensing and Administration, Ministry of Mines of Ethiopia and secondary sources. (
  • Nine Chinese workers were killed on Tuesday in an attack by armed men on an oil field in eastern Ethiopia, a Chinese foreign ministry spokesman said Tuesday in Beijing, strongly condemning the atrocity of armed attacks. (
  • Ethiopia "categorically rejects that it politicises the use of development aid in any shape or form," said the foreign ministry statement. (
  • Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, minister of state attached to the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, will be in Ethiopia on February 9-10. (
  • Ethiopia has long suffered from food shortages and economic underdevelopment even though it is endowed with a wide range of crop and agro-ecological diversity. (
  • He added that Ethiopia would consult with the ICRC on any Eritrean soldiers who wished to remain in Ethiopia. (
  • The decentralization and devolution process that Ethiopia has undergone in the last few years has resulted in new political and administrative institutions. (
  • One thousand five hundred trucks a day leave Djibouti port for Ethiopia,' says the chairman of the Djibouti Port Authority, Abubaker Hadi. (
  • But the ability to develop new varieties that can overcome disease depends on the survival of the many wild varieties in Ethiopia. (
  • Most of the coffee is grown on plantations outside Ethiopia from a handful of cultivated varieties created from a few individual bushes. (
  • The maize area covered by improved varieties in Ethiopia grew from 14 % in 2004 to 40 % in 2013, and the application rate of mineral fertilizers from 16 to 34 kg/ha during the same period. (
  • Increased use of improved maize varieties and mineral fertilizers, coupled with increased extension services and the absence of devastating droughts are the key factors promoting the accelerated growth in maize productivity in Ethiopia. (
  • This technical assistance report details the introduction of the Election Results Tabulation System (ERT) in Ethiopia. (
  • For example, Ethiopia is among the top producers and exporters of the best Arabica coffee in the world, but it is not taking advantage of the commodity's full potential in the export market, according to the report. (
  • The report draws on more than 100 interviews with victims of abuses and former intelligence officials in Ethiopia and 10 other countries between September 2012 and February 2014. (
  • Audrey Wabwire speaks to Felix Horne about the new Human Rights Watch report on Jail Ogaden, and about what it takes to restore hope to many who have silently suffered in the Somali region and across Ethiopia. (
  • however, it is not the responsibility of relief organizations to influence the political form in Ethiopia. (
  • Christianity, Islam, and African Traditional Religions have invariably shaped the culture, value systems, and social organizations of diverse communities in Ethiopia. (
  • Seven Political Organizations from inside and outside Ethiopia reached a memorandum of understanding to merge and form one National Party. (
  • He also traces the effects of the political on the religious: the growth of other "counter-cultural" movements in 1960s Ethiopia, such as renewal movements, youth discontentment, and the Marxist regime (under which the church still flourished). (
  • Tadesse Gole, currently at the University of Bonn, Germany, claims only an international emergency programme can save the surviving remnants of the wild arabica coffee plants growing in the highland rainforests of south-west Ethiopia. (
  • It would also lead to savings on foreign exchange - if Ethiopia can grow a higher volume of its own food, there's less need to import goods at higher costs," Yonas Sahelu, director of ATA's Seed Programme, told IPS. (
  • The project on 'Addressing Root Causes of Migration in Ethiopia', operates within the frame of the SINCE (Stemming Irregular Migration in Northern & Central Ethiopia) programme. (
  • SINCE Programme is managed by the Italian Embassy in Ethiopia with the aim of improving the living conditions of the most vulnerable population, including potential migrants and returnees contributing to the reduction of irregular migration from Northern and Central Ethiopia. (
  • Ethiopia has been restructured from a unitary and highly centralized state into a federal one whereby the regional administrations are entitled to plan and execute their own development activities. (
  • Amharic is the office language of Ethiopia. (
  • And the BBC Amharic service relates that six people were killed at the Hamaressa IDP camp for internally displaced persons (IDP) (according to UNOCHA Hamaressa IDP camp was home to over 4,000 people internally displaced by the Oromo-Somali disputes) in Eastern Ethiopia. (
  • This working paper is a case study on Ethiopia and Uganda as countries of destination for refugees. (
  • Ethiopia is one of the least developed countries in the world. (
  • Ethiopia is one of the world's oldest countries, its territorial extent having varied over the millennia of its existence. (
  • France and Ethiopia have close relations, as can be seen by the many bilateral visits between the two countries. (
  • Unique among African countries, Ethiopia maintained independence during the European scramble for African colonies , and continued to do so except for a five-year period (1936-1941) when it was under Italian occupation. (
  • Agricultural research centres in Ethiopia are cross-pollinating root and tuber seeds to produce higher yielding plant material. (
  • The campaign aims to cover more than 527, 000 people in the following six districts: South Ari, North Ari, Benatsemay, Selamago, Hammer, and Gnangatom and one administrative town (Jinka) in South Omo Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. (
  • The Council also conducts population-based surveys to generate reliable data about the lives of young people in Ethiopia. (
  • These data have been instrumental in shaping national and international policies and programs for the most vulnerable young people in Ethiopia. (
  • The authorities have also detained and interrogated people who received calls from phone numbers outside of Ethiopia that may not be in Ethio Telecom databases. (
  • Reports are numerous, the situation on the ground changing daily, hourly: At the end of January, soldiers from the Agazi force arrested an estimated 500 people in northern Ethiopia reports independent broadcaster, ESAT News. (
  • The condition is a particular problem for impoverished rural women in nations such as Ethiopia, Nigeria, Chad, Tanzania, Congo, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. (
  • On January 24, the United Nations refugee agency reported the detection of five cases of acute flaccid paralysis in Dolo Ado, Ethiopia. (
  • May it be taken as Divine significance, that, as We mark the passing of the Nazi Reich, in America at San Francisco , delegates from all United Nations , among whose number Ethiopia stands, are now met together for their long-planned conference to lay foundations for an international pact to banish war and to maintain World Peace . (
  • In 1919, after efforts to gain membership in the League of Nations were blocked because of the existence of slavery in Ethiopia, he (and Empress Zawditu) complied with the norms of the international community by banning the slave trade in 1923. (
  • That same year, Ethiopia was unanimously voted membership in the League of Nations. (
  • In Ethiopia, the vast majority of fistula sufferers are from first-time pregnancies, although the Hamlin hospitals also see victims of rape, botched female circumcisions and even accidents. (
  • LBRF is one of the top 10 reasons why persons visit healthcare clinics in Ethiopia ( 20 ). (
  • Thus, LBRF is a substantial burden on the healthcare system and, moreover, a cause of substantial illness and death, especially in day laborers, street children, and yekolotemaries (live-in church students) in cities such as Bahir Dah in the Amhara Region of the highlands of Ethiopia (altitude 1,800 m). (
  • Moreover, some patients with undiagnosed febrile disease come to healthcare clinics in Bahir Dah and elsewhere in Ethiopia because of LBRF and other louse-associated diseases, such as louseborne epidemic typhus (LBET) (caused by Rickettsia prowazekii ) and trench fever (caused by Bartonella quintana ). (
  • Wood-fired steaming barrel from a healthcare center in the highlands of Ethiopia that is used to kill clothes lice and their eggs during outbreaks of louseborne relapsing fever. (
  • The current state of emergency in Ethiopia is being used to crush freedom of expression and dissent, but Eskinder has shown that he will not be silenced. (
  • Human rights groups have in the past criticised Ethiopia for suppressing dissent. (
  • Ethiopia has always held a special place in my own imagination and the prospect of visiting attracted me more strongly than a trip to France , England and America combined. (
  • ZTE has not responded to Human Rights Watch inquiries about whether it is taking steps to address and prevent human rights abuses linked to unlawful mobile surveillance in Ethiopia. (
Ethiopia - New World Encyclopedia
Ethiopia - New World Encyclopedia (
Ethiopia - The Coffee Trail - Oromia Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union - YouTube
Ethiopia - The Coffee Trail - Oromia Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union - YouTube (
23 dead in weekend of ethnic violence in Ethiopia
23 dead in weekend of ethnic violence in Ethiopia (
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Ethiopia remains put new species on human family tree - CNN (
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How to ship healthcare goods | TNT Ethiopia (
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Aba Saimal Jadwal Sholat, Waktu Sholat, (ET09), Ethiopia | IslamicFinder (
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At The Top, Burj Khalifa Experience | Sightseeing in Dubai | Emirates Ethiopia (
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Lack of Adherence to Isoniazid Chemoprophylaxis in Children in Contact with Adults with Tuberculosis in Southern Ethiopia (
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War-Weary South Sudanese find emergency medical care in Ethiopia | Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International (
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Cataract surgery. ETHIOPIA | Flickr - Photo Sharing! (
Ethiopia - United States Department of State
Ethiopia - United States Department of State (
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Vicia faba - Wikipedia (
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Marketplace - Wikipedia (
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Mojo, Ethiopia - Wikipedia (
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Population Movements | Somali | Refugee Health Profiles | Immigrant and Refugee Health | CDC (
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List of forest research institutes - Wikipedia (
Letters | Letters | The Economist
Letters | Letters | The Economist (
United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) -
United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) - (
Opinions: ARV Access; Global Health Promotion; Climate Change; Under-Nutrition; Ethiopia | The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
Opinions: ARV Access; Global Health Promotion; Climate Change; Under-Nutrition; Ethiopia | The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (
Human Rights Watch Country Profiles: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
Human Rights Watch Country Profiles: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (
Filmmakers Worldwide
Filmmakers Worldwide (
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme (
Ethiopia | history - geography |
Ethiopia | history - geography | (
Printable (
Nearly 500,000 animals vaccinated in support of violence-affected communities | ICRC
Nearly 500,000 animals vaccinated in support of violence-affected communities | ICRC (
African Union: Seminar on protection of health services | International Committee of the Red Cross
African Union: Seminar on protection of health services | International Committee of the Red Cross (
Ethiopia Country Profile
Ethiopia Country Profile (
Practice Makes Perfect (and Prepared) - CDC CGH Stories
Practice Makes Perfect (and Prepared) - CDC CGH Stories (
Rabies in Ethiopia | World Rabies Day | CDC
Rabies in Ethiopia | World Rabies Day | CDC (
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Executive Luxury Apartments | Marriott Executive Apartments by Marriott (
Ethiopia Partnerships Forum - United States Department of State
Ethiopia Partnerships Forum - United States Department of State (
50 most delicious drinks from around the world | CNN Travel
50 most delicious drinks from around the world | CNN Travel (