The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.
An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
A formal process of examination of patient care or research proposals for conformity with ethical standards. The review is usually conducted by an organized clinical or research ethics committee (CLINICAL ETHICS COMMITTEES or RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES), sometimes by a subset of such a committee, an ad hoc group, or an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS).
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
The composition of a committee; the state or status of being a member of a committee.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the pharmacist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the pharmacist in health care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
The branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, including ontology (the nature of existence or being) and cosmology (the origin and structure of the universe). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Human experimentation that is intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed.
The reporting of observed or suspected PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT or incompetence to appropriate authorities or to the public.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Those individuals engaged in research.
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.
The educational process of instructing.
Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.
Guideline for determining when it is morally permissible to perform an action to pursue a good end with knowledge that the action will also bring about bad results. It generally states that, in cases where a contemplated action has such double effect, the action is permissible only if: it is not wrong in itself; the bad result is not intended; the good result is not a direct causal result of the bad result; and the good result is "proportionate to" the bad result. (from Solomon, "Double Effect," in Becker, The Encyclopedia of Ethics, 1992)
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
One of the principal schools of medical philosophy in ancient Greece and Rome. It developed in Alexandria between 270 and 220 B.C., the only one to have any success in reviving the essentials of the Hippocratic concept. The Empiricists declared that the search for ultimate causes of phenomena was vain, but they were active in endeavoring to discover immediate causes. The "tripod of the Empirics" was their own chance observations (experience), learning obtained from contemporaries and predecessors (experience of others), and, in the case of new diseases, the formation of conclusions from other diseases which they resembled (analogy). Empiricism enjoyed sporadic continuing popularity in later centuries up to the nineteenth. (From Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p186; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.
The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.
Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.
Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in clinical trials. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the "Common Rule") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Sets of beliefs on the nature of the universe or Man.
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The fraudulent misrepresentation of the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.
The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.
The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)
The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A late 20th-century philosophical approach or style of cultural analysis that seeks to reveal the cultural or social construction of concepts conventionally assumed to be natural or universal. (from E.R. DuBose, The Illusion of Trust: Toward a Medical Theological Ethics in the Postmodern Age, Kluwer, 1995)
Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across the wide geographical area of Europe, as opposed to the East, Asia, and Africa. The term was used by scholars through the late medieval period. Thereafter, with the impact of colonialism and the transmission of cultures, Western World was sometimes expanded to include the Americas. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Programs in which participation is not required.
Programs in which participation is required.
Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Writings having excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. The body of written works produced in a particular language, country, or age. (Webster, 3d ed)
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Testing in which the source of the specimen or the person being tested is not individually identified.
The expected function of a member of a particular profession.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Tissue, organ, or gamete donation intended for a designated recipient.
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
Persons as individuals (e.g., ABORTION APPLICANTS) or as members of a group (e.g., HISPANIC AMERICANS). It is not used for members of the various professions (e.g., PHYSICIANS) or occupations (e.g., LIBRARIANS) for which OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS is available.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
The act, process, or an instance of narrating, i.e., telling a story. In the context of MEDICINE or ETHICS, narration includes relating the particular and the personal in the life story of an individual.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Association with or participation in an act that is, or is perceived to be, criminal or immoral. One is complicitous when one promotes or unduly benefits from practices or institutions that are morally or legally suspect.
A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.
Indifference to, or rejection of, RELIGION or religious considerations. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
A health professional's obligation to breach patient CONFIDENTIALITY to warn third parties of the danger of their being assaulted or of contracting a serious infection.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Financial support of research activities.
Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.
An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Former state in north central Germany. Formally abolished March 1, 1947. Kingdom established 1701.
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
Use for general articles concerning nursing education.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Expectation of real uncertainty on the part of the investigator regarding the comparative therapeutic merits of each arm in a trial.
Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)

Life devoid of value.(1/1959)

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John Collins Warren and his act of conscience: a brief narrative of the trial and triumph of a great surgeon. (2/1959)

On examination of the correspondence among the principals involved, as well as the original patent application being prepared by Morton, it has become possible to reconstruct some of the remarkable details attending the first use of ether anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hos pital in the autumn of 1846. At the time that Warren invited Morton to demonstrate the use of his "ethereal vapor" for anesthesia in a minor operation on Oct. 16, 1846, the exact chemical composition of the agent used was being held secret by Morton; Warren was clearly disturbed by this unethical use of a secret "nostrum." When the time arrived 3 weeks later for its possible use for a serious "capital" operation, Warren employed a simple stratagem of public confrontation to discover from Morton the true nature of the substance to be used. On being informed that it was pure unadulterated sulfuric ether, not some mysterious new discovery labeled "Letheon," Warren gave approval for its first use in a "capital" operation (low thigh amputation) on Nov. 7, 1846. Despite this revelation to the immediate participants, a veil of secrecy continued to surround the substance for many months, an anomalous situation evidently traceable to Morton's desire for personal reward from the discovery. It was this matter of secrecy, rather than priority for its discovery, that surrounded the early use of ether anesthesia with controversy and recrimination both in this country and abroad.  (+info)

Medical practice: defendants and prisoners. (3/1959)

It is argued in this paper that a doctor cannot serve two masters. The work of the prison medical officer is examined and it is shown that his dual allegiance to the state and to those individuals who are under his care results in activities which largely favour the former. The World Health Organisation prescribes a system of health ethics which indicates, in qualitative terms, the responsibility of each state for health provisions. In contrast, the World Medical Association acts as both promulgator and guardian of a code of medical ethics which determines the responsibilities of the doctor to his patient. In the historical sense medical practitioners have always emphasized the sanctity of the relationship with their patients and the doctor's role as an expert witness is shown to have centered around this bond. The development of medical services in prisons has focused more on the partnership between doctor and institution. Imprisonment in itself could be seen as prejudicial to health as are disciplinary methods which are more obviously detrimental. The involvement of medical practitioners in such procedures is discussed in the light of their role as the prisoner's personal physician.  (+info)

The place of medicine in the American prison: ethical issues in the treatment of offenders. (4/1959)

In Britain doctors and others concerned with the treatment of offenders in prison may consult the Butler Report (see Focus, pp 157) and specialist journals, but these sources are concerned with the system in Britain only. In America the situation is different, both in organization and in certain attitudes. Dr Peter L Sissons has therefore provided a companion article to that of Dr Paul Bowden (page 163) describing the various medical issues in prisons. The main difference between the treatment of offenders in prisons in America and in Britain lies in the nature of the federal system which means that each state may operate a different system in a variety of prisons and prison medical services are as various. Nationally, the prison systems are 'structured to treat and cure the offender'. Therefore it follows that the prison medical officer is only one of the professionals concerned with this 'cure' of the offender. This principle also applies to any form of research: medical research in prisons is part of a programme which covers a wide field of social and judicial research. The prison medical officer (where there is one) has of course to look after sick prisoners, and the American idea of 'cure' is also expressed in the need for more corrective surgery where, for example, it is necessary to remove physical impediments to social rehabilitation. But a doctor is only found on the staff of those institutions which are large: in the smaller prisons there may be only first-aid facilities, and no specially appointed doctor in the community. Moreover medicines are often dispensed by medical auxiliaries who are sometimes prisoners themselves. Finally, in America prisoners are regularly invited to volunteer as subjects for medical and social research for which they are paid. In short, although it is hoped to 'cure' a prisoner he is a criminal first and a patient second.  (+info)

Dilemmas of medical ethics in the Canadian Penitentiary Service. (5/1959)

There is a unique hospital in Canada-and perhaps in the world-because it is built outside prison walls and it exists specifically for the psychiatric treatment of prisoners. It is on the one hand a hospital and on the other a prison. Moreover it has to provide the same quality and standard of care which is expected of a hospital associated with a university. From the time the hospital was established moral dilemmas appeared which were concerned with conflicts between the medical and custodial treatment of prisoners, and also with the attitudes of those having the status of prisoner-patient. Dr Roy describes these dilemmas and attitudes, and in particular a special conference which was convened to discuss them. Not only doctors and prison officials took part in this meeting but also general practitioners, theologians, philosophers, ex-prisoners, judges, lawyers, Members of Parliament and Senators. This must have been a unique occasion and Dr Roy's description may provide the impetus to examine these prison problems in other settings.  (+info)

The case for a statutory 'definition of death'. (6/1959)

Karen Quinlan, the American girl who has lain in deep coma for many months, is still 'alive', that is to say, her heart is still beating and brain death has not occurred. However, several other cases have raised difficult issues about the time of death. Dr Skegg argues that there is a case for a legal definition of death enshrined in statutory form. He suggests that many of the objections to a statutory provision on death are misplaced, and that a statute concerning the occurrence of death could remove all doubts in the minds of both doctors and public as to whether a 'beating heart cadaver' was dead or alive for legal purposes.  (+info)

The spouse as a kidney donor: ethically sound? (7/1959)

A shortage of cadaver donor organs requires transplant units to examine all possible alternatives. Transplantation from living donors accounts for only approximately 10% of kidney transplants in the UK. Recent studies have shown that the results of kidney transplantation between spouses are at least as good as those of well-matched cadaver organs, but very few transplants of this type have been performed in this country so far. As part of the assessment process, the proposed donor and recipient are required to provide written statements about the issues. We reproduce here the personal statements made by one of our patients and his wife: we believe that the statements support our contention that spousal transplantation is ethically justifiable and should be more widely available. We report our early experience in Bristol with seven kidney transplants from spousal donors and we encourage other renal units in this country and elsewhere to consider this method of improving the prospects of kidney transplantation for their patients.  (+info)

The duty to recontact: attitudes of genetics service providers. (8/1959)

The term "duty to recontact" refers to the possible ethical and/or legal obligation of genetics service providers (GSPs) to recontact former patients about advances in research that might be relevant to them. Although currently this practice is not part of standard care, some argue that such an obligation may be established in the future. Little information is available, however, on the implications of this requirement, from the point of view of GSPs. To explore the opinions of genetics professionals on this issue, we sent a self-administered questionnaire to 1,000 randomly selected U.S. and Canadian members of the American Society of Human Genetics. We received 252 completed questionnaires. The major categories of respondents were physician geneticist (41%), Ph.D. geneticist (30%), and genetic counselor (18%); 72% of the total stated that they see patients. Respondents indicated that responsibility for staying in contact should be shared between health professionals and patients. Respondents were divided about whether recontacting patients should be the standard of care: 46% answered yes, 43% answered no, and 11% did not know. Those answering yes included 44% of physician geneticists, 53% of Ph.D. geneticists, and 31% of genetic counselors; answers were statistically independent of position or country of practice but were dependent on whether the respondent sees patients (43% answered yes) or not (54% answered yes). There also was a lack of consensus about the possible benefits and burdens of recontacting patients and about various alternative methods of informing patients about research advances. Analysis of qualitative data suggested that most respondents consider recontacting patients an ethically desirable, but not feasible, goal. Points to consider in the future development of guidelines for practice are presented.  (+info)

Over the holidays of July 4, 1981, I wrote the outline and summary for my first book,Biblical/Medical Ethics. Over the next 3 years, I searched book lists, bibliographies, journals, periodicals, and asked many people for writings on medical ethics by Christians.. Roman Catholics had the best material, having a tradition in medical ethics. Articles and books by Protestants (other than the subject of abortion) were scarce. And, unfortunately, what had been written was more secular than Christian (Biblical).. Mostly, I took the Roman Catholic principles which had been produced by their melding of Scripture, tradition, and Church authority, tested them by Biblical theology and ethics, and thereby developed Biblical medical ethics. Over these 16 years have come four books, ten years of the Journal of Biblical Ethics in Medicine, six years of an AIDS newsletter, eight years of this Reflections, and various articles in other publications.. I Am Not Alone Any More!. One critic of Biblical/Medical ...
Todays counseling professionals practice in an increasingly complex world. Difficult situations can arise in any counseling setting, and when they do, counselors are expected to engage in a carefully considered ethical decision-making process per the 2014 ACA Code of Ethics.. In 1996 Holly Forester-Miller, Ph.D. and Thomas E. Davis, Ph.D. collaborated with the American Counseling Association to develop such a process, ultimately publishing a white paper titled, Practitioners Guide to Ethical Decision Making. This frequently cited professional resource has served as a guide for countless counseling professionals over the years.. We are happy to announce that Forester-Miller and Davis have once again partnered with ACA to update the white paper. The 2016 version of Practitioners Guide to Ethical Decision Making is now available as a downloadable/printable PDF.. Access the white paper PDF here (926 KB).. Questions or comments? Please contact ACAs Center for Knowledge and Learning ...
Any selection of recent advances in medical ethics will be somewhat arbitrary, but I took two steps to diminish this. Firstly, I selected topics featured in theme issues of major journals within the past two years. Of course, journals are inevitably journalistic about covering hot topics-especially where views are passionate and polarised. Secondly, to identify key articles, I searched the Science Citation Index, consulted with key informants, and attended international meetings. Although citation counts reflect influence on other publications, they may not reflect the clinical application of an idea.. I have included both advances in medical ethics and advances in medicine and science with enormous ethical ramifications. The topics span clinical medicine (end of life care and medical error), healthcare management (priority setting), science (biotechnology), and education (of medical ethics).. A discussion of common medical ethics topics for clinical readers can be found in the Canadian ...
Step by step guidance on ethical decision making, including identifying stakeholders, getting the facts, and applying classic ethical approaches.
PD9: Ethical Decision Making introduces students to the complex concepts underpinning ethical behaviour in the workplace. How can you make
Manveer over at Design Rampage threw up his Pecha Kucha style slides, notes and audio from his GLS talk about Ethical Decision Making in games. He makes more or less the same points that I made in a similar talk...
Risk and Luck in Medical Ethics Hardcover Books- Buy Risk and Luck in Medical Ethics Books online at lowest price with Rating & Reviews , Free Shipping*, COD. - Infibeam.com
The Indian Journal of Medical Ethics (formerly Issues in Medical Ethics) is a platform for discussion on healthcare ethics, with special reference to the problems of developing countries such as India. It hopes to involve all cadres of, and beneficiaries from, this system, and strengthen the hands of those with ethical values and concern for the underprivileged. The Journal is owned and published by the Forum for Medical Ethics Society, a not-for-profit, voluntary organisation. The FMES was born out of an effort by a group of concerned doctors to focus attention on the need for ethical norms and practices in health care. Contributions to the journal, in the form of original papers, research findings, experiences in the field, case studies, debates, news and views on medical ethics, are welcome. All submissions must be in English and are subject to editorial review. Contributors are requested to refer to the detailed guidelines for submission available on the journal website, www.ijme.in Printed ...
CHISHOLM, John ; SHEATHER, Julian . Medical ethics in times of conflict - why silence is not an option. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1 (NS), p. 39, nov. 2017. ISSN 0975-5691. Avaialble at: . Date accessed: 22 Feb. 2018 ...
New York Times journalist and author Dr Sheri Fink spoke at DCU about the ethics of healthcare in disasters. Claire OConnell reports.
Notre Dame News gathers and disseminates information that enhances understanding of the Universitys academic and research mission and its accomplishments as a Catholic institute of higher learning.
Master the Boards USMLE Medical Ethics - The Only USMLE Ethics High-Yield Review 3rd Edition PDF - If you found this book helpful then please like and share
Existentialism ; Kierkegaard ; Sartre ; Levinas ; Hermanaeutics ; ethics ; clinical negligence ; healthcare ; existential ethics ; whistle-blowing ; decision making
The principles outlined in our professional code of ethics are based on our five core values, and provide a guide for behaviour where there are no specific rules in place in a particular circumstance. The code assists members to recognise and resolve ethical issues and value conflicts through a series of self-evaluation questions to help you to evaluate your own behaviour. Members are expected to integrate these principles into every aspect of their professional behaviour.. Read our code of ethics. When you are faced with circumstances where laws, values and principles conflict, an ethical decision making framework will to help you make a decision you can be comfortable with and can defend even when faced with a situation where there is no right answer.. Read our ethical decision making model ...
The goal of this bioethics continuing education program is to inform nurses about ethical decision-making to help them advocate for patients self-determination and well-being. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to: State f
In this webcast, the presenter will provide a brief overview of ethical principles and the AARC Statement of Ethics and Professional Conduct.
Learning Objective: Be able to effectively resolve ethical dilemmas in business ... Ethical Dilemmas. Legal duties may be clear. Is the decision the RIGHT ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 155e40-NGYwN
This book provides a systematic approach to bioethical decision making that can help clarify issues in situations where right and wrong may not be clearly defined.
Ethical Issues in Caring for Diverse Patient Populations 26th Annual Medical Ethics Conference - 2017 Friday, March 31, 2017 | 8:00 am - 4:30 pm Scaife Hall - 11th Floor Conference Center, University of Pittsburgh Campus · Continuing education credit is av...
By Brian D. Earp The latest issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics is out, and in it, Professor Nigel Biggar-an Oxford theologian-argues that religion should have a place in secular medicine (click here for a link to the article). Some people will feel a shiver go down their spines-and not only the non-religious. After […]. Read More…. ...
View Notes - Kant%20%28Part%201%29-page5 from PHIL 164 at UMass (Amherst). Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 10/7/11 Kantian Moral Respect for Persons (Kant Part 2) Kant formulated several versions of
CHANDRA, Prabha S; , G Ragesh; CHATURVEDI, Santosh K. Ten-minute snapshots - a team approach to teaching postgraduates about professional dilemmas. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 4 (NS), p. 226, apr. 2017. ISSN 0975-5691. Avaialble at: . Date accessed: 22 Feb. 2018 ...
The British Association of Social Workers is the independent and member-led professional association of social workers in the United Kingdom.
Finden Sie alle Bücher von Kohn - Extending the Boundaries of Care: Medical Ethics and Caring Practices. Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum Bestpreis bestellen. 9781859731413
A startling 19,000-word thesis on the origin of AIDS: should the JME have published it?, an editorial by Raanan Gillon published in Journal of Medical Ethics, 1992
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your scholarly project in BMC Medical Ethics format for free.
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your map / chart in BMC Medical Ethics format for free.
Semantic Scholar extracted view of [Medical ethics and therapeutic progress: example of lung cancer. Help, Hippocrates!]. by Bertrand Lebeau
Mediation Ethics is a groundbreaking text that offers conflict resolution professionals a much-needed resource for traversing the often disorienting landscape of ethical decision making. Edited by mediation expert Ellen Waldman, the book is filled with illustrative case studies and authoritative commentaries by mediation specialists that offer insight for handling ethical challenges with clarity and deliberateness. Waldman begins with an introductory discussion on mediations underlying values, its regulatory codes, and emerging models of practice. Subsequent chapters treat ethical dilemmas known to vex even the most experienced practitioner: power imbalance, conflicts of interest, confidentiality, attorney misconduct, cross-cultural conflict, and more. In each chapter, Waldman analyzes the competing values at stake and introduces a challenging case, which is followed by commentaries by leading mediation scholars who discuss how they would handle the case and why. Waldman concludes each chapter ...
Delivering news to patients and their families can lead to emotionally charged conversations that are difficult for trainees to feel comfortable or effective in. Trisomy 21 (T21), or Down syndrome, is the most common viable chromosomal anomaly. Although prenatal screening exists, over 80% of T21 diagnoses continue to be made postnatally to unsuspecting parents who report a desire for better communication from healthcare professionals when they first receive the news of their childs diagnosis.16 To better equip trainees to thoughtfully and professionally deliver a diagnosis of T21, we have designed a workshop founded on the principles of Scenario Oriented Learning in Ethics (SOLE) which introduces a framework combining current evidence on communicating life altering news with stated parent preferences. During the workshop, trainees will have the opportunity to practice using the provided communication framework with a standardized patient trained as a new mother. By personally working through a ...
This chapter outlines a specific interpretation of information ethics (IE) as an e-nvironmental ethics. In Section 4.1, I introduce the foundationalist problem in computer ethics (CE). In Section 4.2, I argue that the ethical questions prompted by ICTs put classic macroethics under pressure. In Section 4.3, I propose a model of IE as a macroethics that can deal with ICT-related ethical problems better than other macroethics; and, in Section 4.4, I argue that IE can provide the theoretical foundation for CE. In Section 4.5, I outline the patient-oriented, ontocentric nature of IE. In Section 4.6, I make explicit the four ethical principles supported by IE as a macroethics. In Section 4.7, I defend the view that IE counts as a macroethics rather than a microethics and compare it to other approaches. In Section 4.8, I further clarify the nature of IE as a macroethics by analysing three applications of IE.
Rogers, a general practitioner, deplores what he perceives as an abandonment by British physicians of general ethical standards as established by the General Medical Council (GMC), in favor of a situational ethic. He attributes this change to the establishment of the National Health Service (NHS) and to the effects of an increasingly permissive society. Physicians have been turned into public servants involved in public controversies on the social issues of medical practice, to the detriment of their relationships with their patients and colleagues. Rogers urges the public and the GMC to debate these changes and to consider the advantages of returning to the guidance of traditional ethics. (KIE abstract) ...
The field of ethics studies principles of right and wrong. There is hardly an area in medicine that doesnt have an ethical aspect. For example, there are ethical issues relating to ...
The health care community is increasingly focusing on the ethics of medical treatment, especially in light of the rapid spiral in Americas aging population.Yet, according to Dr. Kenneth
Professors who teach legal ethics are fond of saying that fewer and fewer students seem to be getting it says ethics Professor Timothy Chinaris. Professors urge students to look beyond black-letter law to see underlying moral principles -- so why isnt Johnnie learning ethics? Because its time for legal ethics classes to focus on the rules says Chinaris.
Dumit has written a strongly critical book about the strength of drug companies and their methods of promoting use of their products. - Chris Sterling, Communication Booknotes Quarterly. A rich and valuable contribution to literature on medical ethics, cultural studies, and the sociology of medicine. Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. - A. W. Klink, Choice. Although its topic is an abstract one, much of Drugs for Life consists of insightful readings of advertisements, of statements by marketers and of patients accounts. Dumit has pulled together a tremendous number of telling arguments and phrases, and can be at his best when reading them. - Sergio Sismondo, Times Higher Education. Thought-provoking and chilling. . . . All registered nurses would . . . benefit from his analysis. - Lucia Hwang, National Nurse. What Drugs for Life does admirably well is to present a case for how a pharmaceutical approach to health became dominant - not by turning physicians or ...
At NYMC we are committed to the generation, conservation and dissemination of knowledge in biomedical ethics, medical history, literature and medicine
In 2016, following its report which looked at the ethical issues associated with genome editing more broadly (e.g., including food), the Nuffield Council of Bioethics formed a working group to examine ethical questions relating to the attempted influence of inherited characteristics in humans, in the light of the likely impact of genome editing technologies. After 2 years of work, the working party released its report titled Genome editing and human reproduction.. The first two sections of the report contextualise HGE within its immediate potential role as a reproductive technology used by individuals, its possible future applications and the social context in which those applications might evolve.. The report states that genome editing in the context of reproduction must be situated against a background of increased genetic knowledge informing reproductive options. Increased knowledge about genetic differences has created an epistemic shift revealing previous dichotomies between states of ...
It is not too soon to consider what kinds of ethics nanorobotic cognitive aids should have, and what kinds of ethics our QS (quantified self) gadgetry in general should have. Ethics is meant in an Ethics 2.0 sense of enablement, empowerment, and coordination of new ways of living as opposed to an Ethics 1.0 sense of judging and circumscribing behavior ...
Read the full Ethics essay paper on «Ethics Awareness Inventory». If you need an original Ethics essay written from scratch, place your order at ExclusivePapers.com
In: Etziony, M.B. THE PHYSICIANS CREED: AN ANTHOLOGY OF MEDICAL PRAYERS, OATHS AND CODES OF ETHICS WRITTEN AND RECITED BY MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS THROUGH THE AGES. Springfield, IL: Thomas, [1973]. p. 59- ...
We must find new ways through many ethical issues, especially regarding bioethics, medical ethics, and criminal justice. Jack Sissons Life Ethics blog focuses on numerous areas of concern, including the philosophical and ethical dilemmas surrounding stem-cell research, abortion, medical research, and health care.
Challenges in Ethics Education: A Process and Content Analysis: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9624-2.ch086: Ethics, broadly defined, is having the integrity to act in a moral and civil manner. It calls for both organizations and individuals to act responsibly and
Liza Dawson, Steffanie A Strathdee, Alex John London, Kathryn E Lancaster, Robert Klitzman, Irving Hoffman, Scott Rose, Jeremy Sugarman ...
Surgical ethics is the application of ethics to issues specific to surgery. This volume provides a collection of clinical case studies representing a wide range of the ethical issues surgeons confront today. It is an excellent text for teaching surgical ethics to surgical residents and medical students and a fascinating read for practicing surgeons. It is intended to engage the reader into participating in evidence-based ethical conflicts.
As a practicing health care provider, it is not enough to be technically competent, although it is, admittedly, a critical component of your job. You must balance technical skill (technology) with correct professional demeanor (ethical or right behavior) and sensitivity to the patients needs (caring). While technical skills give you the baseline competency that you need, a knowledge of ethical and legal issues in health care enables you to make more informed health care decisions with better understanding of the basis for such actions. With conviction in your own actions, you will not only feel more confident, but you will project confidence to your patients, an essential element in health care provider-patient relationships.. Finally, knowledge of legal considerations related to health care will spare you from unwittingly committing acts that could have legal repercussions (a lawsuit) for the hospital or physician you serve and adverse consequences to your career.. ...
Anticipatory Ethics; Applied Ethics; Interdisciplinary Ethics; Technology Ethics; Engineering Ethics; Anticipatory Engineering Ethics; Engineering and Science Ethics; Anticipatory Engineering and Science Ethics; Business Ethics; Anticipatory Business Ethics; Informational Computer Technology and Business Ethics; Computer Science Ethics; Anticipatory Computer Science Ethics; Information Computer Technology Ethics; Anticipatory Information Computer Technology Ethics; Cyber Security Ethics; Anticipatory Cyber Security Ethics; Medical Ethics; Information and Computer Technology Ethics; Anticipatory Medical Ethics; Interdisciplinary Ethics; Anticipatory Interdisciplinary Ethics; Ethics of Business and Engineering; Anticipatory Ethics of Business and Engineering; Ethics of Medicine and Business; Anticipatory Ethics of Medicine and Business; Ethics of Medicine and Engineering; Anticipatory Ethics of Medicine and Engineering; Ethics of ICT and Medicine; Anticipatory Ethics of ICT and Medicine; Law and ...
Business ethics is becoming an ever increasing concern and ever changing area given recent economic events and increased government attention and intervention. This authoritative business textbook is crucial in understanding the contemporary theories of business ethics and how students can apply them in real world business situations. It is written in a fresh and engaging style that is very student-friendly. It has many case studies, enlightening tables and images and study tools to aid comprehension. We offer many high quality and affordable business ethic textbooks to buy or rent in good used condition. Ferrell is the author of Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making & Cases, published 2012 under ISBN 9781111825164 and ISBN 1111825165. [read more] ...
Doctor Ethical decision making for perinatal nurses by Kathleen Lagana; 1 edition; First published in 1995; Subjects: Decision making, Human reproductive technology, Maternity nursing, Moral and ethical aspects, Moral and ethical aspects of Human reproductive technology, Nurses instruction, Nursing ethics, Perinatal Care
Many businesses have closed their offices and mandated that employees work from home. By Matt Battaglia. Ethical business decision-making is critical for businesses. Section 2 deal honestly with patients and colleagues; strive to expose those deficient in character or competence, or who engage in fraud or deception. 58% average accuracy. 11 times. A company has a special obligation to its customers to ensure that its decisions are legal and ethical. Ethical decision-making in finance is a decision-making ideology that is based on an underlying moral philosophy of right and wrong. Business ethics ppt 1. BUSINESS ETHICS 2. The UK Institute of Business Ethics suggests a simple test for ethical decision-making in business (see their website for their version). Without much ado, lets see what you can present. View Ethical Decision Making and framework.ppt from EMBA 101 at Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science & Technology, Islamabad. Rebecca Bigoney, MD. Review the code of ethics. Edit. ...
Medical ethics is one of the most popular subjects of discussion today. It is prominently featured in the medical literature, and several new journals are exclusively devoted to it. Numerous regional and national conferences concerned with various aspects of biomedical ethics occur with great regularity and high frequency. The press and media are also devoting major attention to this subject.. A whole new medical ethics vocabulary has arisen, some of which adds confusion where clarity is needed. Even the term medical ethics is difficult to define. One simplistic but concise approach is to say that the physician determines what is possible, the attorney decides what is permissible, and the ethicist suggests what is proper.. A classic example where confusion in terminology exists is the living will. Does anyone write a will when he/she is not alive? Is there a difference between a living will and a dying will? Even the English usage is incorrect. The will is not alive or dead. It is the person ...
Introduction. 3. Discuss the view that only a religious ethic can provide an acceptable basis for medical ethics. Medical ethics concerns many areas of ethical debate. Including such controversial issues such as euthanasia, abortion and human cloning, medical ethics sparks lively debates. The issue of abortion is a very relevant and controversial issue. There are opposition and supporters from both a religious ethical background and a non-religious ethical background. Those who come from a Christian ethical background tend to have a similar argument, that of the sanctity of life. Roman Catholics oppose abortion using the Christian ethical theory of Natural Law. Abortion would be going against natural law as it interferes with Gods will. Abortion is right in no circumstances, in other words it is intrinsically evil, as it involves the murder of an innocent life. Protestants do, in principle, oppose abortion on the ground that murder is wrong, as stated in the bible; Thou shalt not kill ...
Medical ethics has had a rich and complex history over the past 40 years. It has been transformed from a rather clear and straightforward set of rules and attitudes, shaped largely by the medical profession itself, into a major field of academic and social inquiry. Contemporary work in medical ethics can be divided into three parts: ethical analysis and arguments of large-scale issues in science, practice and policy (such as consideration of the ethical issues concerning cloning or resource allocation); theoretical inquiry into the foundations of medical ethics; and practical analysis of particular dilemmas in clinical practice. This last area in medical ethics is normally referred to as clinical ethics, and is in many respects the most important and vibrant part of medical ethics today. It lives through its intimate connection with clinical practice and medical and healthcare education, the ways in which suggestions made by practitioners of clinical ethics are rapidly tested in clinical ...
This website is established to promote medical ethics that are soundly rooted in Biblical truth. We stand with the proclamation of the Bible that All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work (II Timothy 3:16-17).. The Westminster Confession of Faith amplifies this total sufficiency of Scripture when it states that The whole counsel of God, concerning all things necessary for His own glory, mans salvation, faith, and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture… (Chapter 1.6.).. The centerpiece of this website is the Journal of Biblical Ethics in Medicine, founded in 1987 (and published through 1994) by three physicians who believed (and still do) that no other publication on medical ethical issues is Biblically sound and congruent. We establish this ...
Until recently, philosophers took little interest in medical practice or physicians codes of ethics. Since the 1960s, however, they have joined physicians, theologians, and lawyers in founding journals, research centers, hospital and medical school committees, departments, programs, and special degrees in medical ethics, primarily in North America but increasingly world-wide. This exponential growth invites differentiation of medical ethics (primarily, physician-centered) and health care ethics (including nurses and other healthcare providers), clinical ethics (focused on hospital case decisions with the aid of diverse committees and consultants), and bioethics (including general issues of reproduction, fair distribution of organs and other scarce life-saving resources, and protection of the biosphere). Principal topics in medical ethics include: physicians paternalistic deceptions and violations of patient confidentiality; the rights of patients or their surrogates to refuse life-sustaining ...
Our Hands Are Tied: Legal Tensions and Medical Ethics - 1998, Page ix by Marshall B. Kapp. Read Our Hands Are Tied: Legal Tensions and Medical Ethics now at Questia.
Ethics Websites. Ethics Resource Center: Based in Washington, DC, the ERC is a nonprofit devoted to independent research and the advancement of high ethical standards and practices in public and private institutions. The ERC conducts rigorous research and surveys, including the National Business Ethics Survey.. Global Ethics provides a network of individuals and library of resources in applied ethics from a variety of fields, with a geographic emphasis on Asia and Europe.. The Business Ethics Blog, by Chris MacDonald, PhD, is a periodic discussion of ethical issues of the day, including those related to business and references from ethics-related books.. The Ethics & Compliance Officers Association is the professional association for responsible for their organizations ethics, compliance, and business conduct programs. It is the largest group of business ethics and compliance practitioners in the world.. The Josephson Institute of Ethics is one of the premier organizations devoted to ethics. ...
This award, named for an esteemed leader in our specialty, is based on Dr. John Conleys passion for head and neck surgery and belief in the professionalism of the practice of medicine.
Special Focus. Movement to Explore Bioethical Issues. An extraordinary movement is under way to put together the most conscientious thinking in the nation on the many moral and ethical issues raised by advances in the medical and biological sciences. The object is to develop a set of commonly accepted principles to guide those responsible for making life and death decisions-as some put it, to guide man in playing God. Problems in medical ethics are not new but in recent years they have taken on a character and dimension undreamed of in the past. Doctors have always had to weigh the benefits of certain medications against their hazards. But never before have the options signified such fateful consequences for the individual and for society.. Major new developments in the biological and medical sciences call for moral and ethical decisions for which there are few precedents. They include fertilization of human egg cells in the laboratory; determination of certain genetic characteristics, ...
When one plays God, incongruously divining right from wrong, the konzentrationslagern surely loom on the horizon: Ethicists Argue in Favor of After-Birth Abortions as Newborns Are Not Persons Liz Klimas - The Blaze Two ethicists working with Australian universities argue in the latest online edition of the Journal of Medical Ethics that if abortion of…
Medical ethics is an indispensible and challenging aspect of clinical practice. This is particularly prominent in the field of organ transplantation. In this paper, initially, a clinical case with brain death that ended up as an organ donor will be presented. Following the presentation, important moral challenges which initially formed medical ethics and some highlights of it in organ transplantation will be discussed in detail. The impact of complex modern influential factors that might interfere with the practice of medical ethics in this field such as patients vulnerability, financial temptations, and legal regulations will be also dealt with. Finally, we shall propose practical guidelines aiming at improving the practice of medical ethics in the emerging issue of organ transplantation ...
Not only is fluoride bad for your health, but the concept of adding it to the publics water without informed consent is completely unethical and arguably criminal. Forced medication is not to be taken lightly, according to the American Medical Associations (AMA) (the largest association of physicians and medical students) own standards for medical ethics ...
This 1598 word essay is about Euthanasia, Medical ethics, Perception, Suicide, Death, Assisted suicide, Suffering, Pain, Legality of euthanasia. Read the full essay now!
Medical Ethics and Humanities is a survey of the field that addresses ethical and legal issues of concern to health care students and providers.
Free Essay: Ethical Decision-Making Case Study. Moral issues are those that arouse conscience, are concerned with important values and norms. The use of a...
Medical Ethicists in Gold Hill, CO that take Aetna, See Reviews and Book Online Instantly. Its free! All appointment times are guaranteed by our dentists and doctors.
Physicians approved a major update of the nearly 170-year-old AMA Code of Medical Ethics. The code was modernized for the first time in 50 years to keep pace with changes in medical practice.
The qualitative outcomes are the key themes from the individual reflections. A main outcome was increased understanding of what health equity means, how it differs from equality, and how it impacts on health disparities. A key theme was an increased understanding of applied meaning of the four pillars of medical ethics through the lens of this historical narrative. Students were able to empathize with Ms. Henrietta Lacks beliefs and values and contrast these with the physician bias on what was best for her care. This awareness allowed students to reflect on how they wanted to interact with patients in the future. Other key themes were reinforcement of patient interviewing skills, acknowledgment of the propensity for medical student/physician unconscious biases and its overall impact on healthcare, and lessons learned from past historical treatment of socially constructed patients and the development of a physicians integrity to enhance present-day doctor/patient encounters ...
by Brian D. Earp / (@briandavidearp) On behalf of the Journal of Medical Ethics, I am excited to announce the pub...
Guy David, PhD, is the Gilbert and Shelley Harrison Associate Professor of Health Care Management at The Wharton School, Associate Professor of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the Perelman School of Medicine, and the Director of the Doctoral Program in Health Care Management and Economics at the University of Pennsylvania. Prof. David is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, and the Director of Education at the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania. In addition, Prof. David is an associate editor of the American Journal of Health Economics and co-editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Health Economics and Management.. Prof. David is intrigued by the economics of increasingly important segments of the health care industry. By using state-of-the-art theoretical and empirical methods to study how individuals, firms, and regulators interact in health care markets, his research has yielded insights into the complex ...
The AMA Code of Medical Ethics opinion on population-based genomic research. Virtual Mentor is a monthly bioethics journal published by the American Medical Association.
Pages that link to Principles of Medical Ethics Relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, Particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment ...
Medical practitioners must put the interests of their patients first and foremost. But, do doctors always follow this maxim? On this program, Dr. Joshua Spanogle joined us to discuss issues in medical ethics. Is it okay to pop a zit? ;) LISTEN TO EPISODE
Jessica Flanigan (Professor and Author) joins Dave to discuss medical ethics, drug regulation, the healthcare debate, her issues with Obamacare and Trumpcare, how liberty fits into the healthcare debate, views on cigarette taxes, and more. ***Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=RubinReport. This is part of our collaboration with Learn Liberty featuring interviews with classical liberals. Check out Learn Liberty on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/LearnLiberty. Stay tuned for Part 2 of Daves interview with Jessica Flanigan coming tomorrow and the full interview airing Friday 12/8. *NEW: Official Rubin Report Merchandise: https://teespring.com/stores/therubinreport. WATCH - The Left is No Longer Liberal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tq86Beh3T70. ...
John talks to Catherine wood about medical ethics (including assisted dying, euthanasia and abortion) at the Kings Fund offices in London. Norman adds his own personal stories.
Quality of Life and Medical Ethics scheduled on December 12-13, 2022 in December 2022 in Rome is for the researchers, scientists, scholars, engineers, academic, scientific and university practitioners to present research activities that might want to attend events, meetings, seminars, congresses, workshops, summit, and symposiums.
Medical Ethics Manual - free book at E-Books Directory. You can download the book or read it online. It is made freely available by its author and publisher.
Lara, Francisco (2017) Oxytocin, Empathy and Human Enhancement. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 32 (3). pp. 367-384. ISSN 2171-679X Zuradzki, Tomasz (2014) Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and rational choice under risk or uncertainty. Journal of Medical Ethics, 40 (11). pp. 774-778. ISSN 1473-4257 Zuradzki, Tomasz (2014) A situation of ethical limbo and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Journal of Medical Ethics, 40 (11). pp. 780-781. ISSN 0306-6800 Żuradzki, Tomasz (2014) Moral uncertainty in bioethical argumentation: a new understanding of the pro-life view on early human embryos. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, 35 (6). pp. 441-457. ISSN 1573-1200 (electronic) ...
The program previously offered a PhD course (FI8880 Deliberating Controversies in Globalization Theory, Methodology, and Ethics) focusing on critically examining some selected conceptual, theoretical, methodological, and ethical issues in globalization research. These issues included debates about how to define globalization, naturalist and constructivist approaches to social research, global justice and democracy, ethics in international research, and the role of information and communication technology (ICT) in globalization processes. (PDF of seminars from 2011-2014, PDFs of course descriptions from 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014). ...
This paper examines the ethical aspects of organ transplant surgery in which a donor heart is transplanted from a first recipient, following determination of death by neurologic criteria, to a second recipient. Retransplantation in this sense differs from that in which one recipient undergoes repeat heart transplantation of a newly donated organ, and is thus referred to here as
The question arises as to how the average person can smell (suspect without documentation) that some act or behavior of an individual or individuals is unethical. An often used expression is: It smells fishy to me. Is everything which determines what we suspect really set down in the past by our ethics education through reading or listening to the views of philosophers, ethicists, our religious or grade-school teachers or parents or the outcomes of our own experiences? On the other hand, is what smells unethical simply based on individual personal preferences and not some theory or rule developed by others. Then again, perhaps there is some genetically constructed mechanism or instinct which provides every individual with the capacity to establish that suspicion about what might be an ethical bad and not an ethical good. An important point to consider is whether you can fully explain the reason that the action smells unethical. If you cant, then maybe this would point to the ...
Killing Them Kindly: Lessons from the Euthanasia Movement [reviews Ian Dowbiggin, A Merciful End: The Euthanasia Movement in Modern America; N. D. A. Kemp, Merciful Release: The History of the British Euthanasia Movement; and Wesley J. Smith, Culture of Death: The Assault on Medical Ethics in America], in Books and Culture: A Christian Review (Jan./Feb. 2004), 30-31 ...
The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics supplies a complete therapy of the sector of business ethics as seen from a philosophical method. Some twelve years in the past, when we got down to define business ethics throughout a company governance and technique challenge for big UK retailer, we realised that everyone has a unique view and can outline business ethics in accordance with their very own perspective and reference points.. Others consider that company ethics insurance policies are primarily rooted in utilitarian considerations, and that theyre primarily to restrict the companys authorized legal responsibility, or to curry public favour by giving the appearance of being a great company citizen.. They may very well be approached from the angle of regulation,philosophy,theology or social sciences.During this era an try was made by business managers,academics and the federal government to link the concepts of ethical accountability and resolution- making inside a corporation.. The arguments ...
1. Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care ...
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By Tom Walker. This book provides an account of the ethics of chronic illness. Chronic illness differs from other illnesses in that it is often incurable, patients can live with it for many years, and its day-to-day management is typically carried out by the patient or members of their family. These features…. Hardback - 2019-05-07 ...
Associate professor He Jiankui says he has used new technology to cut and paste DNA from babies whose parents were HIV-positive, but critics say, if true, the experiment is monstrous and a serious violation of ethics.
Moore's committee assignments included the Judiciary; Labor, Commerce, and Industry; Ethics; Rules; Medical Affairs; and Fish, ... Moore also served as the chair of the state regulation of public utilities review committee, senate medical affairs committee ...
Meiklejohn, Donald (1980). "Review of Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life". Ethics. 90 (2): 296-300. doi:10.1086/ ... Dunstan, G. R. (1979). "No Trust Without Truth". The British Medical Journal. 1 (6173): 1274-1275. ISSN 0007-1447. JSTOR ...
... in which case they review the clinical research ethics associated with the human subject research which a medical research ... In 2000 the National Institute of General Medical Sciences held a conference which defined some CAB duties. Those duties are as ... Quinn, Sandra Crouse (June 2004). "Ethics in Public Health Research Protecting Human Subjects: the Role of Community Advisory ... Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) See recommendation 17 Quinn, S. C. (2004). "Ethics in public health research: Protecting ...
Caplan, Arthur L (2014). "Why autonomy needs help". Journal of Medical Ethics. 40 (5): 301-302. doi:10.1136/medethics-2012- ... "The fundamentals of ethics." (2010). p. 161 Shafer-Landau, Russ. "The fundamentals of ethics." (2010). p. 163 Reginster, ... "Biomedical Ethics." (2006). Pp54-55 Mappes Thomas, A., and David DeGrazia. "Biomedical Ethics." (2006). pp62 Pilnick, Alison; ... Journal of Medical Ethics. 43 (8): 506-509. doi:10.1136/medethics-2016-103448. PMID 27934774. S2CID 11731579. Humphreys, Sally ...
List of ethics journals "Journals Ranked by Impact: Ethics; Medical Ethics; Social Issues; and Social Sciences Biomedical". ... "Ethics", 4/16 of journals in the category "Medical Ethics", 15/40 of journals in the category "Social Issues", and 18/42 of ...
Medical Ethics. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 399. ISBN 0-86720-974-7. Mazanderani, Fadhila (2012). "An ethics of intimacy: ... Opponents of HIV exceptionalism believe that by destigmatizing HIV testing and treatment in the medical arena, the sexual and ... and they also report being denied access to social and medical services in many regions of the US and the world, specifically ...
O'Rourke, Kevin D. (1999). Medical Ethics. Georgetown University Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-0-87840722-4. Jung 2008, p. 193. ... The Catholic Medical Association of North America has stated that science "counters the myth that same-sex attraction is ... Catholic Medical Association. p. 77. IND:30000125071534. Jung 2008, p. 194. "CCC, 2358". Vatican.va. Retrieved 29 July 2019. " ... Peddicord, Richard (1996). Gay and Lesbian Rights: A Question - Sexual Ethics Or Social Justice?. Rowman and Littlefield. p. ...
It was reviewed by Ethics & Medicine: An International Journal of Bioethics and by Nursing Ethics. In 2009, O'Mathuna wrote ... In a review for the Christian Medical Fellowship, physician George Smith called the book "an honest attempt to evaluate ... he teaches ethics, decision-making and evidence at Dublin City University in the School of Nursing and Human Sciences. With ... He then earned a PhD in medicinal chemistry at Ohio State University, and then a MA in Theology with an ethics focus from ...
Raanan Gillon, Emeritus Professor of medical ethics at Imperial College London, President of the Institute of Medical Ethics, ... Director of Medical Ethics at the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and Consultant neonatologist at the John Radcliffe ... McLean, Paul C. (25 July 2017). "Medical Ethics: In The Charlie Gard Case, Listen To The Nurses". www.wbur.org. Davies, ... Savulescu, Julian (2015). "Bioethics: why philosophy is essential for progress". Journal of Medical Ethics. 41 (1): 28-33. doi: ...
In partnership with the John Conley Division of Medical Ethics and Humanities at the medical center, the society aims to expose ... The College of Medicine is one of the seven medical schools located in New York City and the sole medical school in the borough ... It is one of seven medical schools located in New York City and the sole medical school in the borough of Brooklyn, serving its ... Founder of Buffalo Medical College (SUNY Buffalo) and identifier or the murmur of severe aortic regurgitation. Robert F. ...
October 15, 2002). "Ethical Considerations of Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies in Conventional Medical Settings ... "Law: Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Legal Boundaries and Regulatory Perspectives - Review". JAMA Ethics. November 11, ... He is the founder of the Cohen Healthcare Law Group, and a former professor at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of ... He was the first attorney in history to become a full-time faculty member at the Harvard Medical School. In 2002, 2003, and ...
Medical Affairs; Fish, Game and Forestry; Rules; Education; and Ethics. He is also a member of the Joint Citizens and ...
The rules for medical cannabis were not modified in any way.) The minimum age to use, buy, grow or possess cannabis for ... David A. Fennell (11 January 2006). Tourism Ethics. Channel View Publications. pp. 464-. ISBN 978-1-84541-274-6. "'We're either ... In October 2016, the medical cannabis dispensary on the Tobique First Nation reserve in New Brunswick was raided by the Royal ... Customers were required to attest that they suffered from one of 300 qualifying medical conditions, in order to purchase. The ...
The Journal of the American Medical Association, American Journal of Medical Quality, Nursing Ethics. Leonhardt, David (19 ... "Overtreated: why too much medicine is making us sicker and poorer". Nursing Ethics. 16 (2): 255-256. March 2009. doi:10.1177/ ... The Journal of the American Medical Association. 298 (17): 2070-2075. doi:10.1001/jama.298.17.2071-a. Doyle, Shannon (March- ... April 2010). "Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer". American Journal of Medical Quality. 25 (2): ...
... medical ethics is specifically focused on applying ethical principles to the field of medicine. Medical ethics has its roots in ... Like medical ethics, nursing ethics is very narrow in its focus, especially when compared to the expansive field of bioethics. ... As a systematic field, however, it is a large and relatively new area of study in ethics. One of the major premises of medical ... Dan Brock, "Quality of Life Measures in Health Care and Medical Ethics," Bioethics Ed. John Harris (New York: Oxford University ...
BMC Medical Ethics. 14: 6. doi:10.1186/1472-6939-14-6. PMC 3575396. PMID 23402260. Sinemma J (10 August 2010). "MS therapy ... Most experts, and medical and patients organizations, including the National Multiple Sclerosis Society of the USA or the ... Kuwait became the first country in the world where treatment of CCSVI, as of 2010, was explicitly allowed by the medical ... Thieme Medical Publishers. ISBN 978-1-62623-283-9. "Experimental multiple sclerosis vascular shunting procedure halted at ...
Henlee Huxlee Barnette (1982). Exploring Medical Ethics. Mercer University Press. p. 61. ISBN 9780865540316. "Local News". Boca ...
BMC Medical Ethics. 14 (1): 9. doi:10.1186/1472-6939-14-9. ISSN 1472-6939. PMC 3586365. PMID 23433312. "Babybox в России". ... "there are no reasonable grounds for not allowing modifications in the medical law," and approved changes that allowed ... also introduced in southern India after an abandoned newborn baby was torn apart by dogs in the street near Trivandrum Medical ...
Exploring Medical Ethics. Mercer University Press. 1982. ISBN 978-0-86554-031-6. Your Freedom to Be Whole. Westminster Press. ... Barnette wrote widely on topics in Christian ethics and particularly biomedical ethics. His 1961 work Introducing Christian ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Allen, Bob (20 October 2004). "Ethics Pioneer Henlee Barnette Dies". Ethics Daily. ... Christian Ethics Today. 2005. ISBN 978-0-914520-46-7. (with James Barnette) "The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary and the ...
BMC Medical Ethics. 3: 2. doi:10.1186/1472-6939-3-2. PMC 111059. PMID 11964190. Goodyear-Smith, FA; Laidlaw, TM; Large, RG ( ... Goodyear-Smith, FA (1989). "Medical evaluation of sexual assault findings in the Auckland region". New Zealand Medical Journal ... a guide for medical practitioners, the first NZ text on medical examinations in this field. In 2006 Goodyear-Smith was asked to ... Medical Officer, Red Hill Health Centre and Police Medical Officer, Kingston, Jamaica from 1979 to 1981. She also held ...
... as it is defined in a medical context. One of the earliest texts on Islamic medical ethics, it has been called the "crowning ... "Medical Ethics of Medieval Islam with Special Reference to Al-Ruhawi's 'Practical Ethics of the Physician'". Transactions of ... Adab al-Tabib is divided into twenty chapters, each dealing with a specific topic of medical ethics. They fall into three ... Given Al-Ruhawi's extensive research and reliance on older traditions, and the degree to which Islamic medical ethics followed ...
A 2013 study in the BMC Medical Ethics contacted branches of six of the world's largest religions. Of the six religions ... BMC Medical Ethics. 20 (1): 14. doi:10.1186/s12910-019-0351-4. ISSN 1472-6939. PMC 6379939. PMID 30777063. Tatham KC, Patel KP ... BMC Medical Ethics. 14 (1): 48. doi:10.1186/1472-6939-14-48. ISSN 1472-6939. PMC 4220589. PMID 24289542. Rodger, Daniel; ... and healthcare providers are increasingly incorporating awareness around animal-free drugs in their medical practice. ...
... an Ethics Committee; and a Scientific and Continuing Professional Development Committee. The ICO oversees postgraduate medical ... The ICO is a recognised training body of the Medical Council of Ireland. Its remit includes approval of hospital training posts ... In 2011, the ICO introduced an online Professional Competency Scheme, to comply with new legislation and Irish Medical Council ... The business of the College is assisted by: a Manpower, Education and Training Committee; a Medical Ophthalmology Committee; ...
... and served on the Department of Defense's US Army Medical Research and Material Command Research Ethics Advisory Panel. He is a ... He attended Yale Medical School, and completed his medical internship and psychiatric residency at the Payne Whitney ... ethics of assisted reproductive technologies, neuroethics, HIV prevention, recreational drug use, research ethics, and doctor- ... "Medical Research on Humans: Making It Ethical". New York Review of Books. 2015-12-03. Klitzman, Robert (2019). Designing Babies ...
BMC Medical Ethics. 8 (1): 2. doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-2. PMC 1851967. PMID 17394662. Gavish, B.; Gratton, E.; Hardy, C. J. (1 ...
General reference Ethics Of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments Medical Experiments of the Holocaust and Nazi Medicine ... 2002). Medicine and Medical Ethics in Nazi Germany: Origins, Practices, Legacies. Berghahn Books. ISBN 1-57181-387-X Proctor, R ... O'Mathúna, Dónal P (2006). "Human dignity in the Nazi era: implications for contemporary bioethics". BMC Medical Ethics. 7: E2 ... O'Mathúna, D. (Mar 2006). "Human dignity in the Nazi era: implications for contemporary bioethics". BMC Medical Ethics. 7 (1): ...
... and if she is terminating for a non-medical reason, may be obliged to refund any medical reimbursements she had received. As of ... Latey J stated, 'morals and ethics are irrelevant, what matters is what is in the child's best interest.' When considering if a ... Females must be able to prove there is a medical indication they cannot carry and be no older than 50 at the time of the ... The only payment/donation that the genetic parents can make in favor of the surrogate mother is her medical expenses and the ...
Journal of Medical Ethics. 2020. DOI 10.1136/medethics-2020-106501. Eyal N, Halkitis PN. AIDS Activism and Coronavirus Vaccine ... Journal of Medical Ethics. 2020. DOI 10.1136/medethics-2020-106501. Mark Furman (April 7, 2020). "'You are actively slowing ... J Med Ethics. 2017;43:65-6. Eyal N. How to keep high-risk studies ethical: classifying candidate solutions. J Med Ethics. 2017; ... Brock of Harvard Medical School's DME and Harvard's Program in Ethics and Health Norman Daniels of Harvard T.H. Chan School of ...
BMC Medical Ethics. 17: 19. doi:10.1186/s12910-016-0101-9. PMC 4826522. PMID 27059184. Allyse, M (February 2013). "23 and Me, ... Since 23andMe is not a medical provider the company does not have to abide by standard privacy policies that must be followed ... 23andMe has an optional consent that enables the individual's genetic information to be included in medical research that may ... In late 2010, the company introduced a monthly subscription fee for updates based on new medical research findings. The ...
Journal of Medical Ethics. 28 (5): 303-307. doi:10.1136/jme.28.5.303. PMC 1733661. PMID 12356958. Pennec, Sophie; Monnier, ... In Victoria, a Refusal of Medical Treatment certificate is a legal means to refuse medical treatments of current medical ... but authors have pointed out that many members have little or no ethics training, some have little medical training, and they ... Medical Ethics Advisor. 30 (10). Daeschler M, Verdino RJ, Caplan AL, Kirkpatrick JN (August 2015). "Defibrillator Deactivation ...
"Journal of Medical Ethics. 22 (4): 197-98. doi:10.1136/jme.22.4.197. PMC 1376996. PMID 8863142.. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link). ... "Journal of Medical Ethics. 30 (2): 156-59. doi:10.1136/jme.2003.007021. PMC 1733834. PMID 15082809. Retrieved 2013-11-04.. CS1 ... Medical education. Mainly as a result of reforms following the Flexner Report of 1910[93] medical education in established ... ethics, the art of medicine,[96] and engaging in complex clinical reasoning (medical decision-making).[97] Writing in 2002, ...
Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions of the ethics of technology. Examples ... When combined with another term, such as "medical technology" or "space technology," it refers to the state of the respective ...
This is a form of medical tourism.. Spontaneous abortion in other mammals[change , change source]. Spontaneous abortions occur ... BBC "Religion and Ethics" Be aware that these BBC pages do not cover all Protestant, Muslim, Hindu or Buddhist beliefs. ... Women's Center Medical. *↑ Gilchrist AC, Hannaford PC, Frank P, Kay CR. Termination of pregnancy and psychiatric morbidity. Br ... 64% of those reported were by vacuum aspiration, 6% by D&E, and 30% were medical.[30] Later abortions are more common in China ...
Damasio A. (2007). «Neuroscience and ethics: intersections». Am J Bioeth. 7 (1): 3-7. ISSN 1526-5161. PMID 17366150.. ... Damasio har mottatt mange utmerkelser, blant annet Beaumont Medal fra American Medical Association, Nonino-prisen og i 2005 ...
Medical ethics. * Medical equipment - Equipment designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of medical conditions ... Sometimes, no good solution to a dilemma in medical ethics exists, and occasionally, the values of the medical community (i.e ... Medical ethics deals with ethical and moral principles that apply values and judgments to the practice of medicine. ... Medical humanities includes the humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history and religion), social science (anthropology ...
Brody, Howard (2007). Hooked: ethics, the medical profession, and the pharmaceutical industry. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield ... In a medical context, short stature is typically defined as an adult height that is more than two standard deviations below a ... From a medical perspective, severe shortness can be a variation of normal, resulting from the interplay of multiple familial ... and to send letters urging medical consultations for children whose height was deemed low.[8] Parents and schools were not told ...
Ethics. Main article: Chiropractic professional ethics. The chiropractic oath is a modern variation of the classical ... "American Veterinary Medical Association. March 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.. *^ ACA House of Delegates (1994). "'Veterinary' ... New York: Demos Medical Publishing. ISBN 1-888799-66-8.. *^ Freeman J (February 2005). "Towards a definition of holism". Br J ... "Code of Ethics". American Chiropractic Association. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2014-02-11.. ...
Gelfand, Stanley A. (2009). Essentials of Audiology (3 ed.). New York: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. p. ix. ISBN 978-1-60406- ... Audiology Australia via The Code of Ethics and the Practice Standards, governs the professional practice of audiology for ... The second Audiology & Speech Language Therapy program was started in the same year, at T.N.Medical College and BYL Nair Ch. ... Few such eminent institutions in Northern India are Guru Gobind Singh Medical College located in Faridkot of Punjab, Post ...
Deuraseh, Nurdeen; Abu Talib, Mansor (2005). "Mental health in Islamic medical tradition". The International Medical Journal. 4 ... Nicomachean Ethics. Book I, Chapter 7, pp. 1098a7-17.. *^ Aristotle. Physics. Book III, Chapter 1, pp. 201a10-25.. ...
... that emphasizes ethics. The ethics contests the temple has been organizing throughout the country since its early years, are ... Besides these, in the World Dhammakaya Center there are also more office buildings, a medical center, kutis for the samaneras, ... Speece, Mark (13 July 2015). Urban Middle-Class Buddhist Reform Movements in Thailand: Economic Systems and Business Ethics. ... Goodman, Charles (2009). Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics. Oxford University Press ...
"The Ethics of Diet - A Catena". Retrieved 17 December 2012.. *^ Elliott Proctor Joslin (2005). Joslin's Diabetes Mellitus: ... "British Medical Journal. 344: e4026. doi:10.1136/bmj.e4026. PMC 3383863 . PMID 22735105.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors ... Main article: Medical research related to low-carbohydrate diets. Many studies have focused on diets that reduce calories via a ... While there are studies that show the health and medical benefits of weight loss, a study in 2005 of around 3000 Finns over an ...
Medical ethics. *Nursing ethics. *Professional ethics. *Sexual ethics. *Ethics of eating meat ... So for example Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics,[108] and the Stoic Chrysippus.[109] In contrast, the incompatibilist ... The Ethics (Original work published 1677 ed.). Digireads.com Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 1420931148.. ... "Philosophy 302: Ethics. philosophy.lander.edu. 10 September 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2012. Predeterminism: the philosophical ...
Include information about the card holder's medical conditions or allergies. *List an emergency contact ... Ethics Commission. *Fire Department. *Human Rights Commission. *San Francisco International Airport. *Municipal Transportation ...
Medical considerations[edit]. People with HIV or hepatitis C may have difficulty finding a surgeon able to perform successful ... Nair, A.; Stega, J.; Smith, J. R.; Del Priore, G. (2008). "Uterus Transplant: Evidence and Ethics". Annals of the New York ... Medical advances may eventually make childbearing possible by using a donor uterus long enough to carry a child to term as anti ... "Sex-change surgery: India's new line in medical tourism". The Hindu. May 7, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2016.. ...
McCloskey, Deirdre N. (2006). The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce. University of Chicago Press. p. 297. ISBN 0 ... According to other sources, he escaped after a medical visit to the ophthalmologist.[38] Given civilian status, he recovered ... Metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, consciousness, self-consciousness, literature, political philosophy, ontology, atheism. ... ethics and sociology, and physics, as well as his diplôme d'études supérieures [fr] (roughly equivalent to an MA thesis) in ...
Initial informal ethics opinions, based on the Canons of Professional Ethics then in force, came down against this.[211][212] ... Newspapers, including The Times, generally do not use the honorific 'Dr.' unless the person in question has a medical degree.. ... David Hittner (June 1969). "The Juris "Doctor"-A Question of Ethics?". American Bar Association Journal. 55 (7): 663-665. JSTOR ... "Summaries of Informal Opinions of the Standing Committee on Professional Ethics". American Bar Association Journal. 54 (7): 657 ...
... medical malpractice, barriers to entering the medical profession, organ donations, unhealthy foods, mortgage deductions, taxing ... "Ethics, Rhetoric and Politics of Post-conflict Reconstruction How Can the Concept of Social Contract Help Us in Understanding ...
Kimmelman, Jonathan; Weijer, Charles; Meslin, Eric M (2009). "Helsinki discords: FDA, ethics, and international drug trials". ... A similar guideline for clinical trials of medical devices is the international standard ISO 14155, which is valid in the ...
... best known for leading the medical ethics inquiry into the death of anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko, who died from medical ... South African Medical Journal, 85 (11): 1202-1203. *^ a b c d Sidley, Pat (7 December 2002). Frances Ames. BMJ: British Medical ... McLean, G.R.; Trefor Jenkins (2003). The Steve Biko Affair: A Case Study in Medical Ethics. Developing World Bioethics, 3 (1): ... Few voiced their opposition to the systematic breaches of medical ethics occasioned by apartheid. Ames was one of the few." ...
Medical ethics[edit]. Saunders was instrumental in the history of UK medical ethics. She was an advisor to Andrew Mephem whose ... a forerunner of the Society for the Study of Medical Ethics, later the Institute of Medical Ethics. She gave one of the first ... Documentation in Medical Ethics, a forerunner of the Journal of Medical Ethics.[19] ... The Care of the Dying Patient and His Family; documentation in Medical Ethics, no. 5 (1975), published by the London Medical ...
The ethics and morals involved with legally bribing or lobbying are complicated. Lobbying can, at times, be spoken of with ... Sponsorship of continuing medical education. Incidents. *Conflicts of interest on Wikipedia *Bell Pottinger ... These potential conflicts of interest could be avoided if a stronger ethics framework were established at the EU level, ... Ethics and Ongoing Compliance for Lobbyists and Washington Advocates, TheCapitol.Net, 2008, LobbyingAndAdvocacy.com ...
... own recognition of the requirements of the medical ethics of the day."[1][11] ... "US medical tests in Guatemala 'crime against humanity'". BBC News. 1 October 2010. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016 ... Thomas Parran, and Executive Officer of the U.S. Army Medical Corps, Colonel John A Rodgers allowed Dr. John F. Mahoney and Dr ... Around this same time there was large push by medical professionals, including the U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Thomas Parran, to ...
"Florence Nightingale: the medical superstar". Daily Express. 12 May 2016.. *^ Role Development for Doctoral Advanced Nursing ... Created in 1893 and named after Nightingale as the founder of modern nursing, the pledge is a statement of the ethics and ... eliminating central control by medical technocrats.[62] Her Crimean War statistics had convinced her that non-medical ... The Agostino Gemelli Medical School[87] in Rome, the first university-based hospital in Italy and one of its most respected ...
Medical ethics. *Nursing ethics. *Professional ethics. *Sexual ethics. *Ethics of eating meat ... Padmasiri de Silva (1998). Environmental Philosophy and Ethics in Buddhism. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-312-21316-9. ... A related concept in descriptive ethics is psychological egoism, the thesis that humans always act in their own self-interest ... Main article: Altruism (ethics). There exists a wide range of philosophical views on humans' obligations or motivations to act ...
Medical research[edit]. The Cuban Ministry of Health produces a number of medical journals including the ACIMED, the Cuban ... ethics and values are a taught as a large part of the Cuban healthcare system alongside science and technology. Students ... In Cuba, the medical university is not a separate entity from health services, but it exists within the system. Medical and ... The state guarantees this right by providing free medical and hospital care by means of the installations of the rural medical ...
Exertion-related injuries sustained at an SADF basic training centre". South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif ... ethics, security, and alcohol/drug abuse prevention and treatment), and field training (including protection against biological ... Based on their Physical Employment Status (PES) grade determined by a pre-enlistment medical examination, NSFs may undergo ... and last medical exam before starting training =, in France any enlisted soldier signs not only for a MOS but also a unit to ...
Occupational health law र ethics[सम्पादन गर्ने]. Occupational physicians must be aware of the extensive health र safety ... In the United States it is one of the three medical specialties (also including aerospace medicine र public health र general ... particularly in relation to the medical confidentiality of data regarding individual workers. ... preventive medicine) encompassed by the American Board of Medical Specialties recognized specialty of preventive medicine. Its ...
"Recruit's progress: medical inspection". Canadian War Museum. Retrieved 1 September 2017.. *^ "Shipbuilding on the Clyde: The ... Wihl, Gary (1988). Literature and Ethics: Essays Presented to A. E. Malloch. Montreal, Quebec: McGill-Queen's University Press ...
Body alteration is the deliberate altering of the human body for aesthetic or non-medical purpose.[54] One such purpose has ... Laurie, Timothy (2014), 'The Ethics of Nobody I Know: Gender and the Politics of Description', Qualitative Research Journal, 14 ... Certain medical specializations, such as surgery and emergency medicine, are dominated by a masculine culture[86] and have a ... 64-78.URL: https://www.academia.edu/6262250/The_Ethics_of_Nobody_I_Know_Gender_and_the_Politics_of_Description ...
... has evolved to relate to a range of fields such as computer ethics,[4] medical ethics, journalism[5] and the ... The Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics: 573-585.. *^ a b c d e f g Duthie, Fiona (July 2013). "Libraries and the ... Medical recordsEdit. The more recent trend of medical records is to digitize them. The sensitive information secured within ... E. Elrod and M. Smith (2005). "Information Ethics", in Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics, ed. by Carl Mitcham. ...
RAND research on medical ethics encompasses global complexities such as health disparities and health financing, as well as ... Physician responsibility extends beyond medical knowledge and implementation of evidence-based best practices; it includes ... Medical Ethics. Physician responsibility extends beyond medical knowledge and implementation of evidence-based best practices; ... Biomedical Research Ethics and Ethics Review: Observatory on Health Research Systems. An overview of ethics and ethical reviews ...
Readers interested in Hinduism are referred to S. Source for information on Medical Ethics: Encyclopedia of Religion dictionary ... Religious beliefs are central to the process of deliberation in medical ethics. An awareness of the rich diversity of ... Medical Ethics Encyclopedia of Religion COPYRIGHT 2005 Thomson Gale. MEDICAL ETHICS. MEDICAL ETHICS . Religious beliefs are ... Protestant medical ethics. Protestant medical ethics is rooted in the teachings of Martin Luther and such Reformation themes as ...
Tags: Center for Health Care Ethics, evidence-based medicine, medical ethics, medical evidence, medical reversal, MedPage ... Posts Tagged medical ethics. When evidence contradicts entrenched medical practices. Medical reversal harms patients and ... Medical reversal is the phenomenon when a medical practice falls out of favor not by being surpassed, but when researchers ... undermines faith in the medical system. Hematologist-oncologist Vinay Prasad is pushing to change how medicine adopts new ...
... of medical ethics).. A discussion of common medical ethics topics for clinical readers can be found in the Canadian Medical ... Recent advances in medical ethics? This may sound odd if your vision of medical ethics is the application to medicine of the ... In this article I review advances in medical ethics in five areas-end of life care, medical error, priority setting, ... If, however, you believe that the goal of medical ethics is to improve the quality of patient care by identifying, analysing, ...
Teaching ethics. As medical schools begin to implement the GMC recommendations for including ethics in the medical curriculum, ... Many relish the challenge that medical ethics offer, and postgraduate study and qualifications in medical ethics can lead to a ... Bulletin of Medical Ethics (ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/Bulletin_of_Medical_Ethics/) ... teachers of medical ethics have produced a consensus statement setting out the minimum content of ethics teaching for medical ...
Journal of Clinical Ethics Journal of Medical Ethics Journal of Medicine and Philosophy Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal ... Medical centers are a primary context for medical ethics, as well as medical care. Whether physicians, philosophers, or ... MEDICAL ETHICS. by William Ruddick. Until recently, philosophers took little interest in medical practice or physicians codes ... Feminist Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992. Essays from Hypatia on ethics of care and ...
... and the medical community in particular, have been the impetus for some of the most barbaric and immoral programs of the 20th ... Why medical ethics? And why particularly Jewish medical ethics? Isnt it sufficient to allow the medical field to police itself ... Most, if not all, medical schools in the United States now have curricula in medical ethics, a phenomenon that was not true ... This is why the Jewish approach to medical ethics is so important. We have a great deal to contribute to the societal debate. ...
All editorial matter in CMAJ represents the opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the Canadian Medical ...
Ethics and Chronic Illness. 1st Edition. By Tom Walker. This book provides an account of the ethics of chronic illness. Chronic ... Medical therapy, research and technology enable us to make our bodies, or parts of them, available to others in an increasing ... The medical humanities have moved into an exciting era of interdisciplinary cross-currents, exchanges and debates that embrace ... The Public Shaping of Medical Research. Patient Associations, Health Movements and Biomedicine, 1st Edition. Edited by Peter ...
The American Medical Association, or AMA, the nations largest physicians group, has issued a statement saying that physician ... About 15 civilian experts on ethics in the fields of medicine and psychology were invited last month by the U.S. Department of ... Stephen Behnke is the director of ethics at the American Psychological Association, the largest U.S. mental health care society ... The APAs director of ethics believes psychologists have an obligation to take part in prisoner interrogations -- in an ethical ...
T. Hope, J. Savulescu and J. Hendrick, Medical Law and Medical Ethics: The Core Curriculum, 2nd edn (Edinburgh: Churchill ... T. Hope, J. Savulescu and J. Hendrick, Medical Ethics and Medical Law: The Core Curriculum, 2nd edn (Edinburgh: Churchill ... G. Niveau, S. Burkhardt and S. Chiesa, Medical Confidentiality and the Competent Patient (2013) Journal of Medical Ethics, ... Why I wrote... Medical Ethics and Medical Law (Clinical Ethics) http://cet.sagepub.com/content/6/1/52.full.pdf ...
... says we should never fall prey to ethical failures in our quest for medical breakthroughs. This is the second of two opposing ... Ethics Take Precedence over Medical Advances Commentator and California Congressman Dan Lungren (R) says we should never fall ... Would I like to support embryonic stem cell research without a question of ethics because it might assist my brother? Surely. ... In the second of two commentaries on this subject, Congressman Dan Lungren of California says medical progress should not be ...
Medical Ethics, from Hippocrates to the 21st Century By Andreas Sofroniou Hardcover: List Price: $45.50 $22.75 , You Save: 50% ... Medical Ethics, from Hippocrates to the 21st Century By Andreas Sofroniou eBook (PDF): $19.95 ... Medical Ethics as a subject consists of... More , the fundamental issues of practical decision-making, and its major concerns ... Medical Ethics as a subject consists of... More , the fundamental issues of practical decision-making, and its major concerns ...
... similar issues were raised in Congress as the Senate considered whether to lift a ban on federally funded medical research ... where he said medical researchers are extracting ... ...
You are reading content posted in the Medical Ethics Community Ask a question ... I used to work in the medical field and we saw people do all kinds of things to try to beat a drug test; the worst I ever saw ... Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of ... It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, ...
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ACPs medical ethics and professionalism resources address ethical issues and challenges in health care. Access our resources ... HomeClinical InformationMedical Ethics and Professionalism. Medical Ethics and Professionalism. ACPs Center for Ethics and ... ACP Ethics Manual, Seventh Edition. The ACP Ethics Manual is the core of College ethics policy, assisting physicians in ... In addition to the ACP Ethics Manual, ACP develops and publishes ethics position papers on a broad range of health care ethics ...
Catholic pharmacist didnt get Catholic medical ethics right , Opinion. Michael Redinger Published 2:19 p.m. ET Oct. 19, 2018 ... Michael Redinger is an assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Co-Chief of the Program in Medical Ethics, ... Catholic pharmacist didnt get Catholic medical ethics right , Opinion. Dont view other cases of religious conscience in ... Catholic pharmacist didnt get Catholic medical ethics right , Opinion Dont view other cases of religious conscience in health ...
Is Euthanasia Corrupting Transplant Medical Ethics? By Wesley J. Smith * About Wesley J. Smith ... Indeed, a letter in the current Journal of the American Medical Association merely warns against haste in widely instituting ... Where are we as a society that killing and harvesting are respectfully discussed in one of the worlds most respected medical ... Euthanasia corrupts everything it touches-including, it would seem, the ethics of organ transplant medicine. ...
UK medical tourists in Thailand: they are not who you think they are Travel for medical treatment is an aspect of globalization ... Medical tourism: concepts, ethics, and practices. Edited by Tulsi Patel and Silke Schicktanz ... Medical tourism is understood as travel abroad with the intention of obtaining non-emergency medical services. This practice is ... Medical tourists, persons that travel across international borders with the intention to access non-emergency medical care, may ...
As we carry out this work, we are guided by the rules of medical ethics ... our teams deliver emergency medical aid to those who need it most. ... As we carry out this work, we are guided by the rules of medical ethics-particularly the duty to provide care without causing ... The MSF ethics review board. Historically, research was not seen as core to the mission of Médecins Sans Frontières. However, ...
Case studies and decision scenarios, located throughout the book, encourage readers to think about medical issues not only from ... Intervention and Reflection demonstrates that the solutions to some of todays most perplexing medical dilemmas lie in ... Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Medical Ethics. Ronald Munson. Snippet view - 1992. ... Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Medical Ethics. Ronald Munson. Snippet view - 2000. ...
Medical Ethics Minor. This program promotes the study of the ethical foundations of medicine and health care through a ...
Medical Ethics Today: Its Practice and Philosophy. BMJ 1994; 308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.308.6929.666 (Published 05 ... BMA Ethics, Science and Information Division BMJ, £12.95, pp 374 ISBN 0-7279-0817-0 ...
While hailing many of the scientific breakthroughs that have opened up some astounding medical possibilities, Professor ... Ethics and Law at McGill University in Montreal, and she is as controversial as the field she works in. ... Prof Somerville discusses the ethics of medical breakthroughs. Posted Mon 28 May 2007, 10:17pm ... PROFESSOR MARGARET SOMERVILLE, CENTRE FOR MEDICINE, ETHICS AND LAW, MCGILL UNIVERSITY: Well, Kerry I think we have to try to ...
Ethics. May 12, 2017. Reality TV and the AMA Code of Medical Ethics. The AMA Code of Medical Ethics has guidance to help ... Ethics. Jun 25, 2019. Code of Medical Ethics: Privacy, confidentiality & medical records. Respecting patients privacy is ... Ethics. Apr 28, 2020. Ethical practice in isolation, quarantine & contact tracing. The AMA Code of Medical Ethics provides ... Ethics of Privacy, Confidentiality & Medical Records Patient privacy includes a number of aspects and is a pillar of health ...
Medical law, ethics and forensic medicine. Medical law, ethics and forensic medicine. .addthis_counter.addthis_bubble_style { ... Receive email alerts on new books, offers and news in Medical law, ethics and forensic medicine. ... Euthanasia, Ethics and Public Policy An Argument against Legalisation. Keown, John Published: November 2018Published: November ... Ethics and Health Care An Introduction. Moskop, John C. Published: April 2016Published: February 2016 ...
You are now leaving the ZEISS US Medical Technology website.. The page you have requested is not part of the ZEISS US Medical ... Ethics & Compliance. Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc. is committed to upholding the highest ethical standards in its management ... This policy references the CZ Code of Conduct, AdvaMed Code of Ethics and the US Federal Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) ... for interactions with health care professionals which is based on the Advanced Medical Technology Association Code of Ethics on ...
Medical students who choose to do an elective in Clinical Ethics will have an opportunity to work on this Service and ... Situations where an ethics consultation might be helpful include, but are not limited to:. * When there are questions about ... Clinical Ethics Choices about patient care always involve values, and a discussion of the patients and doctors values may ... The Ethics Consultation team writes a consult note which assesses the particular ethical issues and makes recommendations for ...
... medical ethics and nursing ethics are closely related, and nursing ethics will be treated here as a sub-field of medical ethics ... Medical ethics, also known as health care ethics, or as biomedical ethics, is a field of applied ethics (see the article ... Good Medical Practice (2006), General Medical Council. Retrieved May 21, 2007.. *↑ Medical ethics, American Medical Association ... Why medical ethics matters. Centrally, medicine and health care deal with human health, life, and death, and medical ethics ...
  • This is a comparative study of the practice of those who are subject to regulatory requirements in the health research, medical drugs, environmental and financial sectors conducted to assist understanding of health research governance in the UK. (rand.org)
  • The development of a code of ethics marked a radical transition from a personal ethic that focused primarily on elucidating the proper demeanor for physicians (Jonsen, 2000) to a collective professional ethic that renewed concern for the place of values in the practice of medicine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Medical reversal is the phenomenon when a medical practice falls out of favor not by being surpassed, but when researchers discover that it didn't really work all along. (ohsu.edu)
  • If, however, you believe that the goal of medical ethics is to improve the quality of patient care by identifying, analysing, and attempting to resolve the ethical problems that arise in the practice of clinical medicine, 1 the concept of "recent advances" won't come as such a shock. (bmj.com)
  • If you are a control freak who doesn"t need anyone else's views cluttering up your certainty in your own practice, or a statistics fan who needs a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to convince you of the right way to practise, then medical ethics may seem irrelevant.Fortunately, most doctors are aware of the need to back their clinical work with careful thought about how they reach important decisions. (bmj.com)
  • For them, further study of ethics can greatly enrich clinical practice.The importance of medical ethics and, in particular, the need for more teaching at both undergraduate and postgraduate level have been recognised by the General Medical Council. (bmj.com)
  • 2 Before this, scant attention was given to ethics in the curriculum, and philosophers, theologians, and healthcare workers other than doctors were more likely than doctors to help shape ethical practice. (bmj.com)
  • Until recently, philosophers took little interest in medical practice or physicians' codes of ethics. (nyu.edu)
  • ACP ethics policy is approved by the Board of Regents and serves as the basis for the development of ACP ethics education and practice resources and legislative, regulatory and policy implementation activities. (acponline.org)
  • The ACP Ethics Case Studies draw on ethical challenges encountered by physicians in everyday practice, teaching and research. (acponline.org)
  • Adopt standards of practice and a code of ethics to reflect the performance expected of interpreters and translators. (rwjf.org)
  • Medical tourists, persons that travel across international borders with the intention to access non-emergency medical care, may not be adequately informed of safety and ethical concerns related to the practice. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Learn with the AMA where to start to make chronic disease prevention and management a staple of medical education and practice. (ama-assn.org)
  • There are now many seminars and conferences on the topic, and medical ethics boards and teams exist in many hospitals and other sites of medical practice as well as in legislative and legal chambers and proceedings. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Centrally, medicine and health care deal with human health , life , and death , and medical ethics deals with ethical norms for the practice of medicine and health care-or how it ought to be done-so the concerns of medical ethics are among the most important and consequential in human life. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • WASHINGTON - Most new infertility treatments are morally acceptable, but the practice of one woman's carrying another's fetus should be restricted to experimental use until more data is available on the risks and benefits, a medical ethics committee said Monday. (latimes.com)
  • This title was first published in 2002.The wide range of essays contained within this volume present contemporary thinking on the legal and ethical implications surrounding modern medical practice. (routledge.com)
  • Is treatment requested not usual medical practice? (rochester.edu)
  • The Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA) provides its physician members with medicolegal advice, risk-management education and legal assistance related to clinical practice. (cmaj.ca)
  • This Seventh Edition of Munson's Intervention and Reflection responds to the fast-paced changes occurring in our society, the legal environment, the scientific community, and medical practice. (worldcat.org)
  • It also evaluates challenges that new medical technologies pose to the practice and availability of medical services around the globe, and to cross-cultural ideas of kinship and personhood. (merlot.org)
  • We explored the opinions of 54 graduates and 52 final-year medical students about the benefits they perceive they gained from the course and its relevance to their training or practice. (who.int)
  • Medical ethics is an applied branch of ethics which analyzes the practice of clinical medicine and related scientific research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The practice of Medical Ethics is widely accepted and practiced throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Experience with actual cases is essential to learning how to manage the challenges medical ethics and professionalism will pose to you and your practice. (ecampus.com)
  • The answer is strikingly clear: in our day, the principles of medical ethics are being easily overridden by the corporate need for revenue, by the need for streamlined practice volume and by liability managers. (philly.com)
  • Military physicians in the United States, for example, are licensed by at least one of the state medical boards and so are required to practice medicine according to the ethical stipulations of that state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Discussions of MME often take as a point of departure the lessons to be learned from the perversion of medical practice by military physicians and others in the period leading up to and during World War II in Germany and Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dagmar Wujastyk explores the moral discourses on the practice of medicine in the foundational texts of Ayurveda, showing how these works testify to an elaborate system of medical ethics and etiquette. (worldcat.org)
  • Six distinguished historians working in this field are addressing the critical issues raised by these murderous experiments, such as the place of the Holocaust in the larger context of eugenic and racial research, the motivation and roles of the German medical establishment, and the impact and legacy of the eugenics movements and Nazi medical practice on physicians and medicine since World War II. (google.co.uk)
  • The Guide provides guidance to doctors on matters related to professional conduct and ethics, including professional conduct, responsibilities to patients, medical records and confidentiality, consent to medical treatment and professional practice. (medicalcouncil.ie)
  • Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values and judgments to the practice of medicine. (primidi.com)
  • Pressure to revise legal standards pertaining to medical practice-on questions of abortion and determination of death, for example-compound the ethical problems presented by the new powers of science to intervene in the natural processes of life and death. (cqpress.com)
  • Should geoengineering tests be governed by the principles of medical ethics? (slate.com)
  • Only 6% of both graduates and students were able to list the four principles of medical ethics as described by Raanan. (who.int)
  • The degree to which principles of medical ethics may justifiably be informed by, or even altered to accommodate, issues of national security is controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • indeed, autonomy is considered one of the four cardinal principles of medical ethics, along with benevolence, nonmalfeasance and justice (2). (psychcentral.com)
  • This exponential growth invites differentiation of medical ethics (primarily, physician-centered) and health care ethics (including nurses and other healthcare providers), clinical ethics (focused on hospital case decisions with the aid of diverse committees and consultants), and bioethics (including general issues of reproduction, fair distribution of organs and other scarce life-saving resources, and protection of the biosphere). (nyu.edu)
  • Marc is a solicitor and medical lawyer at the nearby hospital's preferred firm, Rowlett McGuinness LLP, and Simon is an ethicist who coordinates a clinical ethics committee. (cambridge.org)
  • In addition to the ACP Ethics Manual, ACP develops and publishes ethics position papers on a broad range of health care ethics issues including clinical ethics, professionalism, the delivery of care, teaching, medical research and other topics. (acponline.org)
  • Medical students who choose to do an elective in Clinical Ethics will have an opportunity to work on this Service and participate in all its activities. (rochester.edu)
  • This course is required for all first-year medical and health professions students and introduces students to the basic concepts and terms of medical ethics and to use the Ethics-Work-Up to resolve clinical ethics cases. (bcm.edu)
  • This clinical elective combines weekly clinical experiences and seminars to provide an in-depth introduction to clinical ethics. (bcm.edu)
  • During their fourth year, students complete an independent study, during which they engage in a supervised project that could take the form of either a paper or a creative project such as a video on a topic in clinical ethics. (bcm.edu)
  • Clinical ethics consults are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. (rochester.edu)
  • Call the Strong Memorial Hospital Operator/Paging Service at (585) 275-2222 and ask them to page the Clinical Ethics Consultant on call. (rochester.edu)
  • This is the question posed by a fascinating case report in the Journal of Clinical Ethics , from New Zealand-based authors Laura Tincknell and colleagues. (discovermagazine.com)
  • Interactive seminar offers an introduction to clinical ethics. (muni.cz)
  • The Center of Bioethics and Medical Humanities recently began implementing its Clinical Ethics Consultation (CEC) Service. (umc.edu)
  • By the middle of the twentieth century advances in medical science radically changed the ability of physicians to diagnose and treat illness. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Typically they portray ideal physicians as devoted to the welfare of patients and to advancement of the medical profession and medical knowledge, responding compassionately to the suffering of patients, humbly mindful of the limits of their curative powers and the harms they may unintentionally cause. (nyu.edu)
  • Some physicians reject such criticism as intervention by lawyers, philosophers, feminists, and other social critics ignorant of the realities of medical and hospital life. (nyu.edu)
  • The American Medical Association, or AMA, the nation's largest physicians group, has issued a statement saying that physician participation in torture and/or abuse is unethical and unacceptable. (voanews.com)
  • The ACP Ethics Manual is the core of College ethics policy, assisting physicians in applying ethical principles and reasoned arguments to emerging challenges in medicine and also in revisiting older issues and dilemmas that are still very pertinent. (acponline.org)
  • For all medical specialties using scribes, study finds greater productivity that allowed physicians to see more patients and offset the scribe program's costs. (ama-assn.org)
  • The codes ensure uniform language for medical services and procedures, physicians tell a federal court in a brief, and other uses erode patient trust. (ama-assn.org)
  • Medical ethics has a long history in our country, and great Iranian physicians laid special emphasis on teaching and practising traditional ethics. (who.int)
  • Doctors who work with refugees and asylum-seekers have described the move as a major breach of medical ethics, saying it isn't up to physicians to enforce immigration rules. (nationalpost.com)
  • Historically, Western medical ethics may be traced to guidelines on the duty of physicians in antiquity, such as the Hippocratic Oath, and early Christian teachings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arthur Caplan is not a medical doctor, but he has made a successful career offering his opinion to physicians, institutions and the news media about doctors and how they should act. (nytimes.com)
  • MME encompasses the practical application of ethics by military physicians and other healthcare practitioners to dilemmas in military clinical and public health settings in which the patients may be friendly or enemy personnel or in which civilians are affected by military operations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The participation of German physicians in medical experiments on innocent people and mass murder is one of the most disturbing aspects of the Nazi era and the Holocaust. (google.co.uk)
  • and why the American Medical Association, the Massachusetts Medical Society, the American Nursing Association, and the Massachusetts Academy of Family Physicians (5) all oppose physician-assisted suicide. (psychcentral.com)
  • Medical ethics is the application of principles and rules of morality to healthcare (Clouser, 1974). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The topics span clinical medicine (end of life care and medical error), healthcare management (priority setting), science (biotechnology), and education (of medical ethics). (bmj.com)
  • Ethics and healthcare law are becoming matters of general interest, and there are still relatively few doctors willing or able to present the medical profession's view to the media.All these changes have meant that career possibilities are opening up, but if you're dreaming of a job stalking the wards supporting patients in a battle against arrogant consultants then you've been watching too many television dramas. (bmj.com)
  • Increasingly consumers are responding to today's economic constraints and global healthcare market by travelling outside of their domestic country to seek alternative options for expensive medical procedures. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The phenomenon of seeking out healthcare through international travel, known as 'medical tourism', incurs a host of potential moral, ethical, economic and legal benefits, questions, risks and problems. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Any member of the healthcare team, patient, or family can request an ethics consultation. (rochester.edu)
  • An introduction to medical ethics which examines several approaches to ethics within the interrelated contexts of medicine, healthcare and law. (ecpi.edu)
  • Medical ethics encompasses beneficence, autonomy, and justice as they relate to conflicts such as euthanasia, patient confidentiality, informed consent, and conflicts of interest in healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
  • All the important essential issues students and junior doctors require to be familiar with are covered with the addition of information on the latest topics of end of life care, application of genetics, rationing of healthcare and research ethics. (waterstones.com)
  • Nurse Practitioner Sung logs patient notes at Volunteers in Medicine, a free medical clinic in Bloomington for adults without health insurance or the means to pay for healthcare. (cookmedical.com)
  • Participants in a Projects Abroad Medical program experience the challenges of healthcare, with limited resources and facilities, first-hand. (projects-abroad.org)
  • Even more frustrating to me, as a Catholic physician and medical ethicist, was the pharmacist's reported justification - that as a "good Catholic male" he would be violating his conscience by providing the drug. (freep.com)
  • A nationally acclaimed bioethicist, Munson is a medical ethicist for the National Eye Institute and a consultant for the National Cancer Institute. (google.com)
  • Margaret Somerville is a world renowned Australian ethicist who founded the centre for Medicine, Ethics and Law at McGill University in Montreal, and she is as controversial as the field she works in. (abc.net.au)
  • Margaret Somerville is a well renowned Australian ethicist who founded the Centre for Medicine, Ethics and Law at Montreal's McGill University and she's as controversial as the field she works in. (abc.net.au)
  • Indeed, as my medical ethicist (and theologian) colleague, Dr. Cynthia Geppert points out (personal communication, 10/3/12), refusing food and drink during the final days of life has long been considered a dignified way of dying in virtually all the world's major religious faiths. (psychcentral.com)
  • The consensus of the authors, who include a medical ethicist and a lawyer as well as a pallative-care specialist, is that it would have been both unethical and illegal to breach the patient's confidentiality during his life. (discovermagazine.com)
  • books.google.com - 'Intervention and Reflection' demonstrates that the solutions to some of today's most perplexing medical dilemmas lie in philosophical answers. (google.com)
  • While hailing many of the scientific breakthroughs that have opened up some astounding medical possibilities, Professor Somerville has published a book of lectures which argue that some of those breakthroughs are setting up dangerous ethical dilemmas for society. (abc.net.au)
  • Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics: Playing God or Doing Good? (merlot.org)
  • You just viewed Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics:... . (merlot.org)
  • The Medical Humanities and Ethics Scholarly Concentration encourages students to draw from broad, interdisciplinary approaches and resources to examine the field of medicine and the countless dilemmas which arise within it. (brown.edu)
  • Simon feels that whilst it is possible to construct an ethical argument that the information ought to be kept confidential (for example in order to preserve public trust in the medical profession), this view would attract few supporters in the context of serious harm being done to identified individuals or a whole patient population. (cambridge.org)
  • The medical profession has long subscribed to a body of ethical statements developed primarily for the benefit of the patient. (auanet.org)
  • He is concerned to inform both the medical profession and lay people. (bmj.com)
  • The New Zealand Medical Association has traditionally undertaken the task of providing a Code of Ethics for the medical profession. (nzma.org.nz)
  • What an irony it would be if fanatics continued to kill and yet it was the apathy and silence of the medical profession that most wounded the ability to provide what is, after all, a medical procedure. (primidi.com)
  • You may search the IMSE Database at ibp.georgetown.domains/en/imse/ free of charge. (georgetown.edu)
  • MSF has paid particular attention to the ethical issues arising from the research in which they engage, manifested by the creation of an independent ethics review board (MSF-ERB) in 2002 that evaluates all research proposals involving MSF. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Confidentiality, physician liability and ethical issues concerning recent medical innovations were listed by few respondents. (who.int)
  • The content of medical law is not intended to be comprehensive and relates very much to the ethical issues. (waterstones.com)
  • An extraordinary movement is under way to put together the most conscientious thinking in the nation on the many moral and ethical issues raised by advances in the medical and biological sciences. (cqpress.com)
  • One of the few things that everyone in the field of medical ethics agrees on is that it's a boom industry. (bmj.com)
  • Nursing ethics is sometimes considered to be a separate field or is sometimes held to be a sub-field of medical ethics. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In any case, medical ethics and nursing ethics are closely related, and nursing ethics will be treated here as a sub-field of medical ethics. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The field of medical ethics encompasses both practical application in clinical settings and scholarly work in philosophy, history, and sociology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arthur L. Caplan is the Drs. William F. and Virginia Connolly Mitty Professor and Head of the Division of Bioethics at New York University Langone Medical Center in New York City. (wiley.com)
  • Dr. Caplan, who holds a doctoral degree from Columbia University in the history and philosophy of science, is a professor of medical ethics at NYU Langone Medical Center, part of New York University. (nytimes.com)
  • ACP's Center for Ethics and Professionalism is devoted to policy development, implementation and education on issues of medical ethics and professionalism, and is a resource for ACP members and the public. (acponline.org)
  • The ACP Ethics, Professionalism & Human Rights Committee, staffed by the Center for Ethics and Professionalism, develops and implements Board of Regents approved College ethics policy, develops related educational resources and oversees the ethical complaints procedures. (acponline.org)
  • Case Files: Medical Ethics and Professionalism includes 36 true-to-life cases that have been carefully selected to cover important topics such as the doctor-patient relationship, student issues, medical teams, end-of-life care, and social media. (ecampus.com)
  • The NASS Committee on Ethics & Professionalism (CEP) ​ advises NASS leadership on the latest research regarding issues of disclosure, ethics, and professionalism, including the regular maintenance and revision of NASS' policies in these areas. (spine.org)
  • The Committee stimulates information, papers and education for the membership on issues of ethics and professionalism in spine care. (spine.org)
  • The Qatar National Research Fund awarded a three-year, $1,050,000 grant to the Bioethics Research Library (BRL) and the School of Foreign Service Qatar Library (SFS-Q) to develop information services on Islamic Medical and Scientific Ethics (IMSE). (georgetown.edu)
  • The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University. (georgetown.edu)
  • Is Euthanasia Corrupting Transplant Medical Ethics? (nationalreview.com)
  • Euthanasia corrupts everything it touches-including, it would seem, the ethics of organ transplant medicine. (nationalreview.com)
  • Topics include abortion, treatment of impaired infants, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, truth-telling, medical experimentation on human beings and on animals, and the allocation of scarce medical resources. (fivecolleges.edu)
  • RAND research on medical ethics encompasses global complexities such as health disparities and health financing, as well as technology-fueled issues like cloning and end-of-life care. (rand.org)
  • As a scholarly discipline, medical ethics encompasses its practical application in clinical settings as well as work on its history, philosophy, theology, and sociology. (primidi.com)
  • Ethics of privacy, confidentiality & medical records discusses patient confidentiality ethics. (ama-assn.org)
  • Information about the law of confidentiality, both in medical and non-medical settings. (aidsmap.com)
  • This case clearly raises questions over medical ethics, confidentiality, and justice. (discovermagazine.com)
  • The accepted norms of medical confidentiality are that information can only be disclosed without consent if this is necessary to prevent harm to the patient or others. (discovermagazine.com)
  • The rising interest in medical ethics reflects changes in the doctor-patient relationship and the increasing number of moral challenges thrown our way by new technology and the dilemma on how to spend limited resources. (bmj.com)
  • Medical ethics has been defined as "the analytical activity in which the concepts, assumptions, beliefs, attitudes, emotions, reasons and arguments underlying medico-moral decision making are examined critically. (bmj.com)
  • It becomes painfully apparent that secular, scientific and medical credentials do not imply moral rectitude. (aish.com)
  • The ethics of interprofessional relationships discuss the moral principles involved with physician relationships. (ama-assn.org)
  • Casuistry, in their view, offers the possibility of securing the moral agreement that policy makers desire but which has proved elusive to theory driven approaches to ethics. (springer.com)
  • V. Foundations of Bioethics: Ethical Theories, Moral Principles, and Medical Decisions. (worldcat.org)
  • However, a conflict may arise leading to the need for hierarchy in an ethical system, such that some moral elements overrule others with the purpose of applying the best moral judgement to a difficult medical situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the type of issue that raises the moral, medical and legal questions that have attracted Dr. Caplan throughout his career. (nytimes.com)
  • Both are primarily fields of applied ethics, the study of moral values and judgments as they apply to the specific contexts of medicine and military affairs, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major new developments in the biological and medical sciences call for moral and ethical decisions for which there are few precedents. (cqpress.com)
  • The Medical Ethics Pathway was initiated by members of the class of 1992 and was the first "pathway" of electives at Baylor College of Medicine. (bcm.edu)
  • Dr Larry McCullough, professor of medicine and medical ethics at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, and a specialist in the history of medical ethics, takes a somewhat more pragmatic view. (boloji.com)
  • Michael Redinger is an assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Co-Chief of the Program in Medical Ethics, Humanities and Law at Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine. (freep.com)
  • The medical humanities provide tools for fostering critical thinking skills, encourages respect for different and differing opinions, nurtures passion and curiosity, and fosters cross disciplinary discourse. (brown.edu)
  • The medical humanities is interdisciplinary, involves engaging with persons who possess different areas of expertise and different ways of understanding and making sense of the world. (brown.edu)
  • Some students may design a project that falls squarely within the auspices of either Medical Humanities or Ethics, or they may choose to create a project in the shared interspace of the two. (brown.edu)
  • Students enrolling in the medical ethics and medical humanities scholarly concentration enjoy the opportunity to pursue multiple avenues of scholarly and creative projects. (brown.edu)
  • Students who desire to focus more narrowly on either medical ethics or medical humanities should anticipate scheduled opportunities to discuss their projects in a group forum and to have conversations and interdisciplinary dialogues with their colleagues. (brown.edu)
  • Students will benefit from the community of fellow ethics and humanities concentrators and directors, but their primary working relationship will be with their faculty mentors. (brown.edu)
  • This research brief summarises the key findings from a review of biomedical research ethics. (rand.org)
  • What Is Ethics in Research and Why Is It Important? (medlineplus.gov)
  • Medical therapy, research and technology enable us to make our bodies, or parts of them, available to others in an increasing number of ways. (routledge.com)
  • In the second of two commentaries on this subject, Congressman Dan Lungren of California says medical progress should not be the most important consideration in whether to fund stem cell research. (npr.org)
  • Would I like to support embryonic stem cell research without a question of ethics because it might assist my brother? (npr.org)
  • Less than a week after Baby Theresa died, similar issues were raised in Congress as the Senate considered whether to lift a ban on federally funded medical research using fetal tissues obtained from induced abortions. (christianitytoday.com)
  • Research demonstrates that the use of unqualified individuals results in increased medical errors, less effective patient-clinical provider communication and poorer follow-up and adherence to clinical instructions, as well as possible conflicts with patient privacy rights. (rwjf.org)
  • A poster presentation is a great way to share the results of your research at a medical conference. (ama-assn.org)
  • In recent decades, great strides have been made in biomedical ethics, especially in the fields of education, research and legislation. (who.int)
  • Instead of devising new medical treatments for people, the scientists involved in planet-hacking research are after novel ways to treat the Earth. (slate.com)
  • Most crucially, the thinkers at Asilomar focused on the idea that medical ethics might provide a framework for balancing the risks and benefits of all this new research. (slate.com)
  • The third, justice , invokes the rights of research subjects to whatever medical advances result from the testing. (slate.com)
  • Recent research in the sociology of medical education and the social theory of Pierre Bourdieu are covered. (springer.com)
  • The Ethics, Regulation and Public Involvement Committee provides the MRC Council with expert ethical advice on a wide range of issues relating to medical research. (mrc.ac.uk)
  • He first became interested in medical ethics while a graduate student, and soon after finishing his studies, he joined the Hastings Center, a research institute in Garrison, N.Y., that focuses on bioethics, eventually becoming its associate director. (nytimes.com)
  • In 2011, for example, the Centre was awarded a capacity development grant from the prestigious Fogarty International Centre of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop the Advancing Research Ethics in Southern Africa (ARESA) training programme - a collaboration with the University of North Carolina. (sun.ac.za)
  • As part of the programme, the Centre offered a postgraduate diploma in health research ethics and graduated 40 mid-career professionals from 10 African countries over five years. (sun.ac.za)
  • Another noteworthy achievement was when, in April 2015, the Centre became a member of the Global Network of Collaborating Centres for Bioethics - a designation awarded by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to only 10 academic centres dedicated to the ethics of public health and research from around the world. (sun.ac.za)
  • Should we require consent for the use of dead bodies or organs in medical research? (bookdepository.com)
  • People's rights when taking an HIV test, receiving medical treatment or taking part in research studies. (aidsmap.com)
  • Montefiore Medical Center strives to abide by the ethical principles embodied in this Code of Ethics in all aspects of patient care, medical education, clinical research and community service, and in all aspects of administrative functions related to those services. (montefiore.org)
  • Instead, this article focuses on the conduct of health research when social life gets gnarly, and more specifically when medical services are disrupted, based on the authors' experiences in Kenya. (georgetown.edu)
  • The authors make a useful three-way distinction between the ethics of not starting research, stopping it once it has started, and keeping on going in the face of communal strife. (georgetown.edu)
  • The authors argue that the ethics of not starting research, and continuing it once it has started, are different. (georgetown.edu)
  • In contrast to the personal expression of ideal conduct embodied in the Hippocratic oath, in 1803 Thomas Percival published Medical Ethics or a Code of Institutes and Precepts (Percival, 2000). (encyclopedia.com)
  • This code became the basis of the American Medical Association 's first Code of Ethics adopted in 1847 (Baker, 2000). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Since the GMC's recommendation, teachers of medical ethics have produced a consensus statement setting out the minimum content of ethics teaching for medical students. (bmj.com)
  • Personal interest and content of specialty are the most popular motivating factors for medical students when they pick a career path. (ama-assn.org)
  • This may sound odd if your vision of medical ethics is the application to medicine of the Hippocratic oath. (bmj.com)
  • The Hippocratic Oath discusses basic principles for medical professionals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethics in Western medicine were documented in the form of the Hippocratic Oath (appendix 1). (educationindex.com)
  • He summarized the principles of ethics as applied to medicine, the most important being autonomy: the right of a competent adult to choose medical care, to what degree to pursue it--or to discontinue it altogether. (latimes.com)
  • In our society, autonomy is considered the overriding principle in ethics," Brummel-Smith said. (latimes.com)
  • In addition, medical ethics and culture are interconnected as different cultures implement ethical values differently, sometimes placing more emphasis on family values and downplaying the importance of autonomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent advances in medical ethics? (bmj.com)
  • In this article I review advances in medical ethics in five areas-end of life care, medical error, priority setting, biotechnology, and medical ethics education-and anticipate two future issues, "eHealth" and global bioethics. (bmj.com)
  • Any selection of "recent advances" in medical ethics will be somewhat arbitrary, but I took two steps to diminish this. (bmj.com)
  • I have included both advances in medical ethics and advances in medicine and science with enormous ethical ramifications. (bmj.com)
  • This interdisciplinary and multicultural approach introducing literature across the curricula helps students master medical and bioethical concepts brought about by advances in science and technology, bringing philosophy into the world of science. (lulu.com)
  • Rather, medical ethics has matured into a discipline that is enriched by a plurality of voices from clinical medicine , religious traditions, philosophy, literature, politics, and the social sciences. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Most major medical ethical lapses this century can be traced back to a single flawed philosophy. (aish.com)
  • This program promotes the study of the ethical foundations of medicine and health care through a multidisciplinary study of philosophy, theology, literature and ethics. (samford.edu)
  • Medicine: Medicine (General): Medical philosophy. (doaj.org)
  • Medical reversal' harms patients and undermines faith in the medical system. (ohsu.edu)
  • Amongst his patients are many other medical doctors and one of these, David (a surgeon at a London NHS hospital) has come to see him about the results of a blood test that was done recently. (cambridge.org)
  • Medical tourism - travel across international borders for health care - appears to be growing globally, with patients from high-income nations increasingly visiting low- and middle-income countries to access s. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In accordance with these principles, we endeavor to provide the best medical care possible to all patients. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • The Ethics Consultation Service helps patients, families, and caregivers to explore the issues and choices surrounding difficult decisions. (rochester.edu)
  • A physician shall continue to study, apply, and advance scientific knowledge, maintain a commitment to medical education, make relevant information available to patients, colleagues, and the public, obtain consultation, and use the talents of other health professionals when indicated. (auanet.org)
  • The Home Office visited the address and arrested the individual, a convicted sex offender, who is now complying with the Home Office and will leave the U.K.," Noakes and O'Shaughnessy wrote, describing patients' non-medical data as being "at the lower end of the privacy spectrum. (nationalpost.com)
  • For those of us interested in aligning medical ethics education with the needs and interests of the patients this book is a useful guide to the theories and challenges ahead. (springer.com)
  • He has long been an advocate of disclosures to patients about the risks and benefits of participating in studies of new drugs and has pushed for doctors to disclose the financial benefits they receive from drug and medical-device makers. (nytimes.com)
  • In that role, he will assemble a panel of doctors, ethics experts and patient advocates to review so-called compassionate use requests from patients for unapproved drugs and decide which ones to approve. (nytimes.com)
  • He also spoke out about the exploitation of poor and minority patients in medical studies such as the infamous Tuskegee experiments, in which black patients infected with syphilis were left untreated - to test the progress of the disease - without their knowledge. (nytimes.com)
  • and the relevant medical facts pertaining to terminally ill patients. (psychcentral.com)
  • Local medical professionals at our placements are best qualified to make judgements on the treatment of patients, and the level of involvement of medical volunteers and interns. (projects-abroad.org)
  • Primary responsibility for the care of the patients lies with local medical professionals at our placements. (projects-abroad.org)
  • In particular, photographs and videos should not be taken or shared (including on social media) without the consent of patients, colleagues and Projects Abroad, and should never reveal sensitive or personal information, including medical conditions or treatments. (projects-abroad.org)
  • Be sensitive and mindful of cultural differences, and observe and respect the perspective of local medical professionals and patients. (projects-abroad.org)
  • This policy references the CZ Code of Conduct, AdvaMed Code of Ethics and the US Federal Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) as the basis for acceptable behaviors and defines additional specific policies in order to meet compliance requirements of federal or state laws when they are more stringent than the AdvaMed Code of Ethics. (zeiss.com)
  • In the first major report examining the ethics of new reproductive technology, a committee of doctors, lawyers and ethicists said practices such as artificial insemination and using donor sperm and eggs for producing test tube babies are morally acceptable in most cases. (latimes.com)
  • Even if specific medical practices differ from country to country, we expect all our medical volunteers and interns to meet universal standards of medical ethics and behaviour. (projects-abroad.org)
  • The Declaration of Geneva was adopted by the Second General Assembly of the World Medical Association, Geneva Switzerland, September 1948, and has been amended periodically with the latest iteration 6 November 2017. (nzma.org.nz)
  • Although still supported by religious texts and medical tradition, this ideal physician is increasingly criticized as 'paternalistic,' too willing to act on judgments of a patient's best interests without the patient's knowledge or consent. (nyu.edu)
  • When an ethics consult is requested, we notify the patient's attending physician that a consult has been requested, if he/she did not request the consult themselves. (rochester.edu)
  • As the person responsible for the patient's medical care, the attending needs to be informed of the questions raised, and to sum up the medical course, as well as review possible therapeutic options offered to the patient. (rochester.edu)
  • The ethics consultation note is placed in the patient's record, if appropriate. (rochester.edu)
  • The patient's ethical workup begins with medical facts, he said: "There is no duty to offer futile medical care. (latimes.com)
  • But sometimes, medical ethics must set limits on a patient's autonomous requests, even in the context of an understandable choice on the patient's part. (psychcentral.com)
  • This translation of ethics studies to the clinical arena can help in the determination of strategies that respect each patient's wishes and beliefs. (umc.edu)
  • Theologians were among the first to contribute to the modern dialogue of medical ethics, and they were instrumental in shaping the emergence of the discipline (Callahan, 1990). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The committee said it is ethically unacceptable to use surrogate motherhood for non-medical reasons, such as career considerations or the convenience of not carrying a fetus to term. (latimes.com)
  • This national recognition was based on Baylor students' nomination of the required ethics curriculum and the Medical Ethics Pathway in a national competition judged by an AMSA Wright Award selection committee. (bcm.edu)
  • When necessary, we may draw on expertise from other members of the ethics committee to assist in these activities. (rochester.edu)
  • 2 Australian Health Ethics Committee, Canberra City, ACT. (mja.com.au)
  • The Ethics, Regulation and Public Involvement Committee meets twice a year, and reports formally to Council once a year. (mrc.ac.uk)
  • Duru Shah, former president of the Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India and currently on the ethics committee of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, demystifies pre-natal tests, stresses the importance of counselling before these tests, and discusses the Niketa Mehta case in which a woman sought to abort a foetus with cardiac abnormalities after the legally-permissible 20 weeks. (infochangeindia.org)
  • Where are we as a society that killing and harvesting are respectfully discussed in one of the world's most respected medical journals-and no one brings up crucial issues of right and wrong ? (nationalreview.com)
  • Case studies and decision scenarios, located throughout the book, encourage readers to think about medical issues not only from a scientific standpoint but from. (google.com)
  • Professor McLean's collection of thought-provoking articles in Medical Law and Ethics is a vade mecum not only for medical practitioners, but also for those interested in medicolegal issues. (routledge.com)
  • Particularly challenging and controversial issues are duty of care within the evaluator-examinee relationship, disclosure of important medical findings, and the right of the examinee to access the IME report, which could include working notes. (cmaj.ca)
  • An introduction to ethics through issues of medicine and health care. (fivecolleges.edu)
  • The second edition of Medical Ethics deals accessibly with a broad range of significant issues in bioethics, and presents the reader with the latest developments. (wiley.com)
  • The ultimate decision on medical treatment depends on human issues: What does the patient want or not want? (latimes.com)
  • Issues in medical ethics are rarely out of the media and it is an area of ethics that has particular interest for the general public as well as the medical practitioner. (bookdepository.com)
  • Students who complete the Baylor Medical Ethics Pathway are presented a certificate during the Baylor Medical Ethics Pathway graduation, an event where graduates showcase their scholarly projects and family members are encouraged to attend. (bcm.edu)
  • In Tomorrow's Doctors the GMC stated that medical ethics and law should constitute one of the core components of the medical curriculum. (bmj.com)
  • In some schools, such as Manchester and Bristol, medical students even have the option of spending an intercalated year studying ethics.Not only doctors have become aware of the need for a better understanding of ethical debate. (bmj.com)
  • Why is this so and what events brought about this increased interest in teaching ethics to doctors? (aish.com)
  • Today, in addition to doctors and nurses and other health care professionals, many different people are concerned with and are frequently called upon to offer judgments and opinions on the topic or on concerns and cases that arise within the field of medical or health care ethics. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Doctors are not trained at medical school to recognize the side effects of fluoride (if anything they are taught there are none). (fluoridealert.org)
  • To track down refugees in Britain who may have broken immigration rules, the government is controversially turning to the doctors who treat them for information, although data sharing could make migrants nervous about getting medical attention. (nationalpost.com)
  • Yet, according to Dr. Kenneth Brummel-Smith, co-chief of clinical gerontology services at the county's Rancho Los Amigos Hospital, "most doctors have no idea what (medical) ethics is all about. (latimes.com)
  • By that, he meant that few medical schools teach ethics and that most doctors therefore have little formal training in ethics. (latimes.com)
  • From 1800 to about 1965, doctors did their best and always made the medical decisions," he said. (latimes.com)
  • Although the case was not serious, the virus left him temporarily paralyzed, and his time in the hospital got him thinking about big questions, such as why doctors were not more open with children about their medical care, and "why can't they fix everything? (nytimes.com)
  • But to unabashedly make such a statement in writing betrays an incredible level of ethical blindness on the part of these specific medical doctors, and their specialty. (philly.com)
  • The Medical Council gives guidance on all matters related to professional conduct and ethics for registered doctors and this guide is regularly updated Guide to Professional Conduct and Ethics for Doctors.pdf . (medicalcouncil.ie)
  • The Medical Council's duty is to maintain the highest ethical standards and professional competence amongst registered doctors in the Republic of Ireland. (medicalcouncil.ie)
  • Meaningful Use underlies a program for medical offices and hospitals that pays doctors and clinicians to move to fully electronic health records. (e-booksdirectory.com)
  • In more recent times the World Medical Association (WMA) 'has become the recognized authority to speak for the doctors of the world in international affairs' (World Medical Association, 2014). (educationindex.com)
  • establishment of a suitable oath or pledge to be administered as a part of the graduation or licensing ceremony would help to impress on newly qualified doctors the fundamental ethics of medicine and would assist in raising the general standards of professional conduct' (World Medical Association 2014). (educationindex.com)
  • ISBN 978-3-905782-94-3 Messelken, Daniel and Hans U. Baer, Editors (2014), Proceedings of the 3rd ICMM Workshop on Military Medical Ethics. (wikipedia.org)
  • This cross-journal thematic series explores 'medical tourism' from an interdisciplinary perspective. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We present a brief history of medical ethics in our country. (who.int)
  • Other important markings in the history of medical ethics include Roe v. Wade in 1973 and the development of hemodialysis in the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Part of the importance of medical ethics comes from the fact that members of the medical and health care professions are granted powers and privileges that are not granted to non-members. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Bioethics includes not only the philosophical study of the ethics of medicine, but also such areas as medical law, medical sociology, health politics and health economics. (sun.ac.za)
  • As clinicians increasingly share or preempt medical ethics teaching in medical schools, the issue of appropriate philosophical training has arisen. (nyu.edu)
  • PENCE, Gregory E. Classic cases in medical ethics : accounts of cases that have shaped medical ethics, with philosophical, legal, and historical backgrounds . (muni.cz)
  • Because the primary responsibility of the independent medical evaluator is to provide a service for the hiring third party and not for the patient, legal and ethical concerns may arise during an IME that would not typically arise within the context of a standard physician-patient relationship. (cmaj.ca)
  • In the end, the themes of Bourdieuan Social Theory, socio-cultural apprenticeships and the 'characterological turn' in medical education are draw together the context of medical ethics education. (springer.com)
  • Within a garrison (peacetime or non-deployed) setting, precepts of MME may not differ much from medical ethics in a civilian context and usually employ the same decision-making processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • the subjects it covers also may be interesting to medical students, medical educators, and teachers and educators in general. (springer.com)
  • But the answers to the tough religion and ethics questions about informed consent and compensation haven't kept up with the science. (pbs.org)
  • Informed consent is a privileged man's protection," Dr. Caplan said at a medical ethics symposium in 1991. (nytimes.com)
  • The Supreme Court has declared illegal the use of medical technologies for investigation of individuals without their consent and several safeguards. (infochangeindia.org)
  • And why particularly Jewish medical ethics? (aish.com)
  • These intellectual traditions continue in Catholic, Islamic and Jewish medical ethics. (wikipedia.org)
  • An analysis of how ethics are created, monitored, and enforced finds which ethical principles are common across scientific disciplines, how these ethics might vary geographically, and how emerging topics are shaping future ethics. (rand.org)
  • A discussion of common medical ethics topics for clinical readers can be found in the Canadian Medical Association Journal 's series on bioethics for clinicians. (bmj.com)
  • In addition, we would like to know whether you see a need for additional ethics resources from the WMA, and if so, on what topics. (wma.net)
  • The term medical ethics first dates back to 1803, when English author and physician Thomas Percival published a document describing the requirements and expectations of medical professionals within medical facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Stephen Behnke is the director of ethics at the American Psychological Association, the largest U.S. mental health care society, with about 150,000 members. (voanews.com)
  • In health care, language services are frequently provided by self-declared bilingual clinical providers and ad hoc interpreters, such as family members, friends or staff who have not been trained and assessed in medical interpreting. (rwjf.org)
  • Despite having access to medically necessary care available through publicly funded provincial health care systems, some Canadians travel for treatment provided at international medical facilities as well as f. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Medical ethics, also known as health care ethics, or as biomedical ethics, is a field of applied ethics (see the article metaethics )- ethics applied to the fields of medicine and health care. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Problems of health-care ethics arise for numerous reasons. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • One of the most important and consequential of reasons for the rise of problems of ethics in health care comes from the development and growth of health-care technology . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Another important source of health-care ethics problems nowadays comes from the high costs of health care and the resulting question of who should pay for it and how these costs are to be paid and allocated. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Several leading medical organizations, including the Royal College of General Practitioners, Public Health England and the General Medical Council, have all slammed the data-sharing deal, saying it could worsen the health of vulnerable people and drive disease outbreaks underground, hurting health care for all. (nationalpost.com)
  • The health care community is increasingly focusing on the ethics of medical treatment, especially in light of the rapid spiral in America's aging population. (latimes.com)
  • An assistant professor of family medicine at the USC School of Medicine, he addressed the ethical problems of health care at a seminar recently on "Medical Ethics and the Elderly" at Verdugo Hills Hospital, which sponsored the program in conjunction with the American Society on Aging. (latimes.com)
  • This is an edited excerpt of "Health-Care Counter-Reform," a longer piece Dr. Condit wrote for the November 2010 issue of the Linacre Quarterly, published by the Catholic Medical Association . (acton.org)
  • The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Palliative care consists of medical care or treatment that focuses on alleviating disease symptoms, rather than delaying or reversing progression of the disease. (routledge.com)
  • It reaffirms the importance of fundamental aspects of medical care and ethics such as the patient-physician relationship. (acponline.org)
  • Compared with other donations after cardiac death, the process of dying is short (often less than10-15 minutes), and death is not preceded by medical deterioration in the intensive care unit. (nationalreview.com)
  • The availability of apparently reliable medical care in Asia, offered at a fraction of the cost incurred in Western countries has created some lucrative business opportunities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As we carry out this work, we are guided by the rules of medical ethics-particularly the duty to provide care without causing harm to individuals or groups. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Clinical trials serve as a vital component for improving the treatment of medical conditions as they lead to higher standards of patient care. (medindia.net)
  • 2 Some argue that because the independent medical evaluator is hired by a third party, the evaluator owes no legal duty of care to the examinee and has no liability for any resultant harm. (cmaj.ca)
  • A physician shall be dedicated to providing competent medical care, with compassion and respect for human dignity and rights. (auanet.org)
  • A physician shall, in the provision of appropriate patient care, except in emergencies, be free to choose whom to serve, with whom to associate, and the environment in which to provide medical care. (auanet.org)
  • A physician shall support access to medical care for all people. (auanet.org)
  • After 1965 Medicare allowed people to purchase their medical care. (latimes.com)
  • They help to provide access to vital medical services and care for thousands of people every year. (projects-abroad.org)
  • He has been a visiting professor at University of California, San Diego, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and Harvard Medical School. (google.com)
  • PROFESSOR MARGARET SOMERVILLE, CENTRE FOR MEDICINE, ETHICS AND LAW, MCGILL UNIVERSITY: Well, Kerry I think we have to try to keep up and sometimes it's hard and I think we also have to take into account the very fact that maybe we're not keeping up. (abc.net.au)
  • The professor of finance, public policy, and ethics at St. Mary's University, Twickenham, writes that "liberal elites are paying the prices for sidelining" this important freedom. (acton.org)
  • Brummel-Smith concurred, referring to data showing only 26% of hospitals with ethics committees as recently as two years ago. (latimes.com)
  • Today the world is filled with institutional review boards and hospital ethics committees. (aish.com)
  • But the establishment of hospital ethics committees is experiencing a "clearly rising trend," according to Dr. Daniel A. Lang, medical director of the National Health Foundation, who estimated that the number of hospital ethics committees has increased "70% to 75% just in the past five years. (latimes.com)
  • Maggie Little, director of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, says the courts almost never side with individuals whose bio samples become commercially profitable. (pbs.org)
  • MAGGIE LITTLE (Kennedy Institute of Ethics): In general, when courts have looked at somebody who gave a tissue sample, and the pharmaceutical company later did find a commercial application for it, the courts ruled that the individual who gave the sample didn't have any intellectual property rights or any claim to profit-sharing. (pbs.org)
  • Jewish scholars and ethicists have discussed medical ethics throughout Jewish history. (google.com)