Sorghum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Malate Dehydrogenase (NADP+)Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Saccharum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Brachypodium: A plant genus in the family POACEAE. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for functional genomics studies.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Panicum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial: DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Thermoanaerobacterium: A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria in the family Thermoanaerobacteriaceae. They are thermophilic and saccharolytic.Contracts: Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.CaliforniaCells, Immobilized: Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Helminthosporium: A mitosporic fungal genus including both saprophytes and plant parasites.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Lower Extremity Deformities, Congenital: Congenital structural abnormalities of the LOWER EXTREMITY.KansasBiofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.NebraskaSweet Syndrome: Condition characterized by large, rapidly extending, erythematous, tender plaques on the upper body usually accompanied by fever and dermal infiltration of neutrophilic leukocytes. It occurs mostly in middle-aged women, is often preceded by an upper respiratory infection, and clinically resembles ERYTHEMA MULTIFORME. Sweet syndrome is associated with LEUKEMIA.Financing, Construction: Funding resources and procedures for capital improvement or the construction of facilities.Chromatin: The material of CHROMOSOMES. It is a complex of DNA; HISTONES; and nonhistone proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE) found within the nucleus of a cell.SvalbardEricaceae: The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Cajanus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is used for food in NIGERIA.Gasoline: Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.Satellite Communications: Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Smog: A mixture of smoke and fog polluting the atmosphere. (Dorland, 27th ed)Butanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).Clostridium beijerinckii: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, capable of solventogenesis, and isolated from SOIL, infected WOUNDS, fermenting OLIVES, and spoiled CANDY.Clostridium acetobutylicum: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, used for the industrial production of SOLVENTS.Acetone: A colorless liquid used as a solvent and an antiseptic. It is one of the ketone bodies produced during ketoacidosis.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Kamtech Logistics Uganda Limited
Ethanol can be extracted from cassava, maize and sorghum. However, maize is too expensive ans sorghum is in short supply. ... The ethanol plant was built at a cost of US$1.8 million. In 2010, uganda received US$30 million (UShs100.9 billion) from the ... The new factory buys cassava from farmers and processes the crop into ethanol. The high yields of the crop assures the factory ... Kamtech Logistics Uganda Limited (KLUL), is an ethanol manufacturing company in Uganda. The headquarters of the company and the ...
Developing a sweet sorghum ethanol value chain ICRISAT, 2013 Martin, James (1995). The Great Transition: Using the Seven ... Its aim in doing so was to provide a sustainable means of making ethanol that would increase the incomes of the rural poor, ... has investigated strengthening the value chain for sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop in India. ...
Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute
Complete technology for producing ethanol from sweet sorghum has been developed at the institute. A number of high ethanol ... and sweet sorghum (named Madhura), as well as technology for producing ethanol, jaggery and syrup from sweet sorghum. NARI also ... NARI has developed a lantern cum stove running on ethanol for rural areas. Recently NARI has extended the ethanol lanstove ... "Ethanol Stove research at NARI". This Experiment Using a Glass Cover and the Sun Can Generate Water Even in Drought Affected ...
"Ceres to seed sorghum in Brazil". Ethanol Producer Magazine. 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2013-04-26. Dickerson, Marla (2012-01-25). " ... Ceres sells sweet sorghum, switchgrass and high biomass sorghum seeds, with its first sales coming for the 2009 growing season ... Ceres started to cooperate with Novozymes to improve the enzyme cocktails for biorefinery switchgrass and sweet sorghum. USAID ...
Uganda: Sorghum On High Demand for Ethanol And Beer Production Sweet sorghum for food, feed and fuel Archived 2015-09-04 at the ... Some of the Indian sweet sorghum varieties are now grown in Uganda for ethanol production. A study by researchers at the ... Sweet sorghum overcomes many of the shortcomings of other biofuel crops. With sweet sorghum, only the stalks are used for ... found that growing sweet sorghum instead of grain sorghum could increase farmers incomes by US$40 per hectare per crop because ...
Biofuel in Australia
... is available both as biodiesel and as ethanol fuel, which can be produced from sugarcane, sorghum or ... Iemma to boost ethanol sales NSW drivers get more access to biofuel Consumers accepting ethanol in the mix BP's big biofuels ... Ethanol case studies Archived August 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Govt not going soft on ethanol: Vaile "Biodiesel fuel ... Energy portal Australia portal Biofuels by region Mitigation of global warming in Australia Ethanol fuel Ethanol fuel by ...
... pH when yeast activity is limited by low nitrogen content Congener Moonshine Wine chemistry Sorghum beer Cellulosic ethanol ... A Japanese study in 2003 concluded, "The fusel oil in whisky had no effect on the ethanol-induced emetic response" in Suncus ... However, in other beverages, such as Korn, vodka, and lagers, the presence of alcohols other than ethanol is considered a fault ... Methanol (methyl alcohol), while poisonous (LD50 5628 mg/kg, oral, rat), has a much weaker sedative effect than ethanol. ...
Issues relating to biofuels
For example, the four ethanol crops: corn, sugarcane, sweet sorghum and pine yield net energy. However, increasing production ... of ethanol. The Economist, March 1, 2008, Ethanol and water: don't mix, p. 36 Barnett, Cynthia. "Fueling worries: four ethanol ... These emissions accrue from agricultural production, crop cultivation, and ethanol processing. Once the ethanol is blended with ... compared to 8.02 kg CO2 per gallon for E10 ethanol and 1.34 kg CO2 per gallon for E85 ethanol. Based on a study by Dias de ...
Sweet sorghums are sorghum cultivars that are primarily grown for foliage, syrup production, and ethanol; they are taller than ... Sorghum bicolor is the cultivated species of sorghum; its wild relatives make up the botanical genus Sorghum. The leading ... United Sorghum Checkoff Program "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition". www.fao.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. Sorghum, a crop of ... PMC 2759214 . Missing or empty ,url= (help) "Grassland Index: Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench". "Sweet Sorghum". Sweet Sorghum ...
"Sweet Sorghum for a Piedmont Ethanol Industry". Retrieved 14 January 2008. "ICRISAT develops sweet sorghum for ethanol ... Petroleum derived ethanol (synthetic ethanol) is chemically identical to bio-ethanol and can be differentiated only by ... Bioconversion of biomass to mixed alcohol fuels Biodiesel Biomass Cellulosic ethanol Corn ethanol Common ethanol fuel mixtures ... see also Ethanol fuel by country). Most cars on the road today in the U.S. can run on blends of up to 10% ethanol, and ethanol ...
National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association Sweet Sorghum Ethanol Association (SSEA) List of Sweet Sorghum ... Grain sorghum has also been used by the ethanol industry for quite some time because it yields about the same amount of ethanol ... Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Sweet sorghum thrives ... Camp Sorghum, historical use of sorghum molasses Rapuano, Rina. "Sorghum Travels From The South To The Mainstream." NPR. NPR, ...
For years American farmers have practiced row cropping, with crops such as sorghum and corn. Because of this, much is known ... emissions from corn ethanol and cellulosic ethanol compared with fossil fuels is drastic. Corn ethanol may reduce overall GHG ... The numbers behind ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, and biodiesel in the U.S. , Grist Ratliff E (2007). "One molecule could cure ... Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) produced from cellulose (the stringy fiber of a plant) rather than from the ...
FAO Report (1995) "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition" Sorghum on US Grains Council Web Site Sweet Sorghum Ethanol ... Accepted species Sorghum amplum - northwestern Australia Sorghum angustum - Queensland Sorghum arundinaceum - Africa, Indian ... Biofuel, using sweet sorghum as a high sugar content from its stalk for ethanol production, is being developed with biomass ... India Sorghum × drummondii - Sahel and West Africa Sorghum ecarinatum - Northern Territory, Western Australia Sorghum exstans ...
Ethanol fuel in the Philippines
... cassava and sweet sorghum-were initially identified for ethanol production, but sugarcane is expected to be the predominant ... ethanol fuel mixtures Ethanol fuel by country Ethanol fuel in Australia Ethanol fuel in Brazil Ethanol fuel in Sweden Ethanol ... pioneered the use of ethanol as gasoline blend in the country, and the first to offer E10 Fuel in the market in their gasoline ... The new law is expected to bring a number of benefits to the country: "Commercial production of ethanol from sugarcane, cassava ...
Science and technology in the Philippines
A study by Del Rosario in 1982 identified sweet sorghum as a possible source of ethanol, it is a very adaptive crop which can ... Ethanol is an alcohol produced from fermenting carbohydrates in plants. Bioethanol can be produced mainly from three different ... Tan, R. R., A. B. Culaba, J. Tanchuco, A. Fillone and M. P. Ang (2005). Techno-Economic Assessment of Ethanol as an Alternaitve ... are discussing on creating a 1,000 hectare sweet sorghum plantation solely for the purpose of using the produce as feedstock ...
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center
Uganda: Sorghum On High Demand for Ethanol And Beer Production *^ Sweet sorghum for food, feed and fuel Archived 2015-09-04 at ... Sweet sorghum in IndiaEdit. Sweet sorghum overcomes many of the shortcomings of other biofuel crops. With sweet sorghum, only ... See also: Environmental and social impacts of Brazilian ethanol fuel. Brazil's production of ethanol fuel from sugarcane dates ... Some of the Indian sweet sorghum varieties are now grown in Uganda for ethanol production. ...
... sorghum is also an important feedstock for ethanol production in the Plains states. Pearl millet is showing promise as an ... Less than 2% ethanol remains after baking. All ethanol contained in alcoholic beverages (including ethanol produced by carbonic ... Ethanol fermentation causes bread dough to rise. Yeast organisms consume sugars in the dough and produce ethanol and carbon ... In Japan, it has been proposed to use rice normally made into sake as an ethanol source. Ethanol can be made from mineral oil ...
Ethanol fuel in the United States
... for sorghum ethanol from Nebraska, and 115 US gal/mi (270 L/km) for Texas sorghum. By contrast, an average U.S. car effectively ... in the United States Ethanol fuel by country Ethanol fuel in Australia Ethanol fuel in Brazil Ethanol fuel in Hawaii Ethanol ... while corn ethanol production continued unabated. "Analysts, including some in the ethanol sector, say ethanol demand adds ... The target for ethanol production from cellulosic feedstocks was 16 billion US gallons a year. The corn ethanol target was 15 ...
... sweet sorghum stalks are used to produce biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. A study by ... Ethanol Research (2012-04-02). "National Corn-to-Ethanol Research Center (NCERC)". Ethanol Research. Archived from the original ... for cellulosic ethanol, corn ethanol, and gasoline are 10.3, 1.36, and 0.81, respectively. Ethanol has roughly one-third lower ... E.ON Bio ethanol fires information bio ethanol fireplace. (2009) see "Breaking the Biological Barriers to Cellulosic Ethanol" ...
Rio Verde, Goiás
Novel food and non-food uses for sorghum and millets. Journal of Ceral Science 44, p. 252-271. Saleh, A.S.M., Zhang, Q., Chen, ... A recently published study suggested that starch derived from proso millet can be converted to ethanol with an only moderately ... The development of varieties with highly fermentable characteristics could improve ethanol yield to that of highly fermentable ... Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) fermentation for fuel ethanol production. Industrial Crops and Products 43, p. 602-605. ...
Dalby is to be the site of the first dry mill grain-to-ethanol plant constructed in Australia (the first plant built ... cotton and sorghum. Livestock raising including pigs, cattle and sheep is also popular. Two cotton gins are situated within 10 ... Industry in Dalby includes large-scale engineering, coal mining, and fuels (ethanol). Dalby is the centre of a diverse and ... Hartland, Susan "$54 million ethanol plant for Dalby" Toowoomba Chronicle 9 November 2006 Retrieved 27 October 2006 "Indicators ...
Sorghum. Baijiu (Kaoliang wine). Multiple grains. Ara. American whiskey. Canadian whisky. Shōchū. Whisky. ... One of the microoganisms implicated in this spoilage is lactic acid bacteria (LAB) that has grown tolerant to ethanol and is ... Sake has high microbiological stability due to its high content of ethanol. However, incidences of spoilage have been known to ...
Wikipedia:Makala za msingi za kamusi elezo/Zote 1000, kamusi elezo huru
In 2006, in partnership with the ethanol industry, the IRL used a mixture of 10% ethanol and 90% methanol as its fuel. Starting ... Methanol fuel is much safer when blended with ethanol, even at relatively low ethanol percentages. ... More About Ethanol Archived June 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. *^ McDonald, Norris (21 April 2007). "Green no longer bad ... In 2007 ethanol was priced at 3 to 4 dollars per gallon (0.8 to 1.05 dollars per liter) at the pump, while methanol made from ...
... sweet sorghum stalks are used to produce biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. ... Ethanol biofuels (bioethanol). Main articles: Ethanol fuel and Cellulosic ethanol commercialization ... Ethanol Research (2012-04-02). "National Corn-to-Ethanol Research Center (NCERC)". Ethanol Research. Archived from the original ... An advantage of ethanol (CH. 3CH. 2OH) is that it has a higher octane rating than ethanol-free gasoline available at roadside ...
Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage
At ethanol plants. Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage (IL-CCS) is one of the milestones, being the first ... Ethanol production Fermentation of biomass such as sugarcane, wheat or corn releases CO2 as a by-product Industry ... In addition to the IL-CCS project, there are about three more projects that capture CO2 from the ethanol plant at smaller ... Beside capturing CO2 from the ethanol plants, currently, there are 2 models in Europe are designed to capture CO2 from the ...
The Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit (VEETC) was the main source of financial support for biofuels, but was scheduled to ... Kuplow, D. Biofuels - At What Cost? Government support for ethanol and biodiesel in the United States. Cambridge, MA, 2007 ... "Halifax City Buses to Run on Biodiesel Again , Biodiesel and Ethanol Investing". Biodieselinvesting.com. 2006-08-31. Archived ... This patent described the alcoholysis (often referred to as transesterification) of vegetable oils using ethanol (and mentions ...
Sweet sorghum syrup may be colloquially called "sorghum molasses" in the southern United States. Similar products include ... It is sometimes used in baking or for producing ethanol, as an ingredient in cattle feed, and as fertilizer. ... A stock for ethanol fermentation to produce an alternative fuel for motor vehicles ... "Sorghum Travels From The South To The Mainstream". npr.org. Archived from the original on May 23, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2014 ...
Bioconversion of biomass to mixed alcohol fuels
Acetic acid versus ethanol. Cellulosic-ethanol manufacturing plants are bound to be net exporters of electricity because ... The more popular methods for production of ethanol and cellulosic ethanol use enzymes that must be isolated first to be added ... Acetic acid, unlike ethanol, is biologically produced from simple sugars without the production of carbon dioxide:. C6H12O6 → 2 ... A more comprehensive description of the economics of each of the fuels is given on the pages alcohol fuel and ethanol fuel, ...
The conversion of ethanol (CH3CH2OH) and oxygen (O2) to acetic acid (CH3COOH) takes place by the following reaction: ... Chinese black vinegar is an aged product made from rice, wheat, millet, sorghum, or a combination thereof. It has an inky black ... The acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Vinegar is now mainly used as a cooking ... Shanxi mature vinegar is another popular type of Chinese vinegar that is made exclusively from sorghum and other grains. ...
... ethanol production will grow to 7 billion US gallons (26,000,000 m3) by 2010, up from 4.5 billion in 2006, boosting ethanol's ... Maize is an annual grass in the family Gramineae, which includes such plants as wheat, rye, barley, rice, sorghum, and ... "Fuel Ethanol Plants - Thermal Kinetics Engineering, PLLC". Thermal Kinetics Engineering, PLLC. Retrieved 2017-07-07.. ... Increasingly, ethanol is being used at low concentrations (10% or less) as an additive in gasoline (gasohol) for motor fuels to ...
ܘܝܩܝܦܕܝܐ:ܡܟܬܒܘܬܐ ܕܡܓܠܐ ܠܟܠ ܘܝܩܝܦܕܝܐ - ܘܝܩܝܦܕܝܐ
There are a growing number of Wikipedia projects, some very active and others quite stagnant. I propose that we invigorate them by ensuring that they each contain a minimum amount of basic, useful information. This way, people will be encouraged to use these projects and help in their growth. I therefore suggest that we make a list of about 1,000 basic articles that we advise having on every existing Wikipedia. These articles should be very basic, and incorporate the most essential information. In some cases, it will be only a table, while in other cases, it will be a stub. This will, however, provide some impetus for the smaller projects to grow.. In addition to simply listing the articles, this project hopes to eventually create easily translatable versions of these articles, possibly containing core information at . Until then, links to the largest Wikipedia, the English language version, are provided as a translatable resource.. Because this list has grown so large, it is currently in the ...
Corn, a pillar of American agriculture for years, is now mainly used for ethanol, high fructose corn syrup and bio-based ... sorghum (by −52%) and millets (by −45%). Such crop diversity change in the human diet is associated with ... plastics. About 40 percent of corn is used for ethanol and 36% is used as animal feed. Only a tiny fraction of corn ...
Food vs. fuel
Ethanol fuel as an oxygenate additive. The demand for ethanol fuel produced from field corn was spurred in the U.S. by ... The Ethanol Lie . . . aka "The Ethanol Effect". YouTube. 16 September 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2015.. ... While the EROEI and economics of corn based ethanol are a bit weak, it paves the way for cellulosic ethanol which should have ... Cellulosic ethanol commercialization is moving forward rapidly. The world's first commercial wood-to-ethanol plant began ...
Cellulosic ethanol. Several refineries that can process biomass and turn it into ethanol are built by companies such as Iogen, ... Sweet sorghum for food, feed and fuel Archived 4 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine New Agriculturalist, January 2008. ... The energy costs for producing bio-ethanol are almost equal to, the energy yields from bio-ethanol. However, according to the ... and ethanol now provides 18% of the country's automotive fuel. Ethanol fuel is also widely available in the United States. ...
"Ethanol from Algae - Oilgae - Oil from Algae". www.oilgae.com.. *^ a b c "Chapter 1 - Introduction to Algae Biofuels - ... "Algenol Announces Commercial Algal Ethanol Fuel Partnership". Energy.gov.. *^ Sims, B. "Blue marble, um partner to optimize ... Ethanol. The Algenol system which is being commercialized by BioFields in Puerto Libertad, Sonora, Mexico utilizes ... "Large Volume Ethanol Spills - Environmental Impacts and Response Options" (PDF). July 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2016.. ...
Brazil uses sugarcane to produce sugar and ethanol for gasoline-ethanol blends (gasohol), a locally popular transportation fuel ... and sorghum, and many forage crops. ... EthanolEdit. Further information: Ethanol fuel. See also: ... is used as raw material in the food industry or is fermented to produce ethanol. Ethanol is produced on a large scale by the ... Ethanol is generally available as a byproduct of sugar production. It can be used as a biofuel alternative to gasoline, and is ...
Genetically modified crops
Related plants like sorghum and gamma grass are able to perform apomixis, a form of asexual reproduction that keeps the plant's ... Lignin is the critical limiting factor when using wood to make bio-ethanol because lignin limits the accessibility of cellulose ... approval to market a maize trademarked Enogen that has been genetically modified to convert its starch to sugar for ethanol.[ ... for Biotechnology was investigating poplar trees genetically engineered to contain less lignin to ease conversion into ethanol. ...
There are numerous types of plants, including corn, switchgrass, miscanthus, hemp, sorghum, sugarcane, and bamboo. The main ... This can be performed directly in a direct carbon fuel cell, direct liquid fuel cells such as direct ethanol fuel cell, a ... balance of food crops used for ethanol and biodiesel may be no better or worse than fossil fuels (Fargione et al., 2008; ...
எத்தனால் - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
Developing a sweet sorghum ethanol value chain ICRISAT, 2013 *↑ Horn, Miriam; Krupp, Fred (16 March 2009). [எத்தனால் at கூகுள் ... Alcohol (Ethanol) at The Periodic Table of Videos (University of Nottingham). *International Labour Organization ethanol safety ... Ethanol 101. American Coalition for Ethanol. *↑ The Biofuels FAQs, The Biofuels Source Book, Energy Future Coalition, United ... Ethanol reinforcement also is mediated in part by ethanol-induced release of endogenous opioid peptides within the mesolimbic ...
Heat shock protein
... ethanol, arsenic, trace metals, and ultraviolet light, among many others), starvation, hypoxia (oxygen deprivation), nitrogen ... Various HSPs were shown to be differentially expressed in the leaf and root of drought-tolerant and drought-sensitive sorghum ... "Biochemical Analyses of Sorghum Varieties Reveal Differential Responses to Drought". PLOS One. 11 (5): e0154423. doi:10.1371/ ...
Ethanol firm inks sorghum contract - Business* - recordnet.com - Stockton, CA
of Sacramento has agreed to use grain sorghum - grown on up to 30,000 acres of California farmland - to produce ethanol at its ... Pacific Ethanol Inc. of Sacramento has agreed to use grain sorghum - grown on up to 30,000 acres of California farmland - to ... Pacific Ethanol Inc. of Sacramento has agreed to use grain sorghum - grown on up to 30,000 acres of California farmland - to ... For ethanol producers, sorghum has a smaller carbon footprint than corn, and its use qualifies as advanced biofuel production, ...
Energies | Free Full-Text | Repeated-Batch Ethanol Production from Sweet Sorghum Juice by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Immobilized...
The results showed that the optimum size of sorghum stalk pieces for repeated-batch ethanol production was 6 × 6 × 6 mm3, while ... The average ethanol concentration, productivity and yield of the eight successive batches were 99.28 ± 3.53 g L−1, 1.36 ± 0.05 ... The effects on ethanol production of carrier size (6 × 6 × 6 to 20 × 20 × 20 mm3) and initial cell concentrations (5 × 107 to 2 ... The ethanol production medium was the juice containing 230 g L−1 of total sugar without nutrient supplementation. The ...
Sorghum as Dry Land Feedstock for Fuel Ethanol Production - 中国期刊全文数据库
摘要】 Dry land crops such as sorghums (grain sorghum, sweet sorghum and forage sorghum) have been identified as promising ... The ethanol yield from sorghum grain increased as starch content increased. No linear relationship between starch content and ... Key factors affecting the ethanol fermentation efficiency of sorghum include starches and protein digestibility, amylose-lipid ... feedstocks for fuel ethanol production. The major issue for using the sweet sorghum as feedstock is its stability at room ...
Sweet sorghum for ethanol? Research shows it's a good possibility, but work is needed
... which is different than grain sorghum. University of Nebraska Agricultural Economics Professor Richard Perrin says the sweet ... Nebraska does not currently produce much sweet sorghum, ... Sweet sorghum for ethanol? Research shows its a good ... "The ethanol plant would have to invest about $30 million or so of equipment to be able to handle the sweet sorghum, instead of ... If yields increase, ethanol plants would still have to alter their facilities to process sweet sorghum. ...
Chromatin and Calgren Renewable Fuels sign multi-year alliance for locally-grown sorghum for ethanol production - Green Car...
... announced an alliance to develop a local supply chain for sorghum for the production of fuel ethanol and distillers grains. ... The multi-year agreement covers up to 30,000 acres of sorghum grain to be grown and supplied to... ... and Calgren Renewable Fuels, an ethanol producer located in Pixley, CA, ... Chromatin and Calgren Renewable Fuels sign multi-year alliance for locally-grown sorghum for ethanol production 25 February ...
A Novel Wild-Type Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strain TSH1 in Scaling-Up of Solid-State Fermentation of Ethanol from Sweet Sorghum...
However, the means by which sweet sorghum stalks can be cost-effectively utilized for ethanol fermentation in large-scale ... of relative theoretical ethanol yield (RTEY). These results collectively demonstrate that ethanol solid-state fermentation ... Sweet sorghum has become one of the most promising non-food energy crops because of its high output and strong adaptive ability ... The batch fermentations were completed in less than 20 hours, with up to 96 tons of crushed sweet sorghum stalks in the 550-m3 ...
Fermentation of Groundnut Shell Enzymatic Hydrolysate for Fuel Ethanol Production by Free and Sorghum Stalks Immobilized Cells...
Immobilization of yeast cells on sorghum stalks were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A maximum of ethanol ... Fermentation of Groundnut Shell Enzymatic Hydrolysate for Fuel Ethanol Production by Free and Sorghum Stalks Immobilized Cells ... Fermentation of Groundnut Shell Enzymatic Hydrolysate for Fuel Ethanol Production by Free and Sorghum Stalks Immobilized Cells ... Fermentation of Groundnut Shell Enzymatic Hydrolysate for Fuel Ethanol Production by Free and Sorghum Stalks Immobilized Cells ...
Ethanol production from sorghum grains [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]: evaluation of the enzymatic hydrolysis and the...
BARCELOS, C. A.; MAEDA, R. N.; BETANCUR, G. J. V. e PEREIRA JR., N.. Ethanol production from sorghum grains [Sorghum bicolor (L ... Palavras-chave : Sorghum Grains; Enzymatic Hydrolysis; Ethanol; Fermentation; Saccharomyces cerevisiae. · texto em Inglês · ... The production of ethanol from sorghum grains was investigated in the present work. Initially, starch enzymatic hydrolysis was ... Using an industrial strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the maximum ethanol concentration produced was roughly 106 g.L-1 in 24 ...
Embrapa gathers information for the production of sweet sorghum ethanol
... Por Redação em 26 out, 2011. 8 ... An event held by Embrapa, brought together leading opinion makers on the potential of sweet sorghum for ethanol production. ... The raw material supplement to sugar cane for ethanol production was cited as an option for cultivation in 500 hectares of ... were positive points listed in the lecture of the head of the Embrapa Maize and Sorghum, Alvaro Antonio Corsetti Purcino. ...
Ethanol From Sweet Sorghum - Source Of Biofuel, A Promising Money Maker - Ideas Galore
... ethanol, ethanol from sweet sorghum, ethanol production, sugar cane, sweet sorghum, whole grains 19 Comments Post navigation ... Ethanol From Sweet Sorghum - Source Of Biofuel, A Promising Money Maker. January 8, 2012. August 29, 2007. by Affleap ... It has generated ethanol as biofuel. The stems of sorghum yield sweet juice that could be processed into bioethanol which could ... conversion of ethanol and combustion of ethanol. The first batch of ethanol production, it makes available the crop and ...
"Sweet Sorghum as an Ethanol Feedstock in Western Nebraska - Could It H" by Richard Perrin, Lilyan Fulginiti et al.
... based on the technical data that are currently available about sweet sorghum production. ... It has been proposed that non-irrigated sweet sorghum might be grown in western Nebraska as a seasonal substitute for corn ... grain in corn ethanol plants. In the research summarized here, we examine the economic feasibility of this possibility, ... Sweet Sorghum as an Ethanol Feedstock in Western Nebraska - Could It Happen? ...
The use of dried spent yeast as a low-cost nitrogen supplement in ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice under very high...
The use of dried spent yeast as a low-cost nitrogen supplement in ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice under very high ... The use of dried spent yeast as a low-cost nitrogen supplement in ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice under very high ... The use of dried spent yeast as a low-cost nitrogen supplement in ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice under very high ... The use of dried spent yeast as a low-cost nitrogen supplement in ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice under very high ...
We'll begin production of ethanol, glucose syrup from sweet sorghum soon - Daily Trust
Well begin production of ethanol, glucose syrup from sweet sorghum soon. By Vincent A. Yusuf , Published Date Jan 13, 2019 2: ... Sweet sorghum produces stalks that have a high concentration of fermented sugars which have become very important in ethanol ... Nigeria will in the first quarter of 2019 begin the production of ethanol and glucose syrup from sweet sorghum for industrial ... While grain sorghum is used for human food, forage and animal feed, sweet sorghum combines both attributes with the production ...
openarchives.gr | An alternative approach to the bioconversion of sweet sorghum carbohydrates to ethanol
An overall ethanol concentration and yield of 5.6% (w/v) and 9.9 g of ethanol per 100 g of fresh stalks respectively was ... Subjects: Carbohydrates, Composition, SWEET SORGHUM, Fusarium oxysporum, Ethanol, Mixed culture, SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE, ... N/A.The ethanol fermentation of juice and press cake, resulting from the squeezing of sweet sorghum stalks at high pressure, ... The juice was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and yielded 4.8 g ethanol per 100 g of fresh stalks. The press cake was ...
CHROMATIN TO HOST MODESTO, CALIFORNIA GROWER MEETING TO DISCUSS GRAIN SORGHUM PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES FOR ETHANOL - Venture...
Madison , Venture Investors LLC • University Research Park • 505 S. Rosa Road, Suite 201 • Madison, WI 53719 • 608.441.2700. Ann Arbor , Venture Investors LLC • 201 South Main Street, Suite 900 • Ann Arbor, MI 48104 • 734.274.2904. Milwaukee , Venture Investors LLC • 1433 N. Water Street, Suite 400 • Milwaukee, WI 53202 • 414.488.1328. ...
A novel cost-effective technology to convert sucrose and homocelluloses in sweet sorghum stalks into ethanol | Biotechnology...
Novel process flow of ethanol production from sweet sorghum stalks. Sweet sorghum shows a potential for ethanol production ... Although the ethanol recovery was not high, the ethanol yield was 328 kg ethanol /tonne dry sweet sorghum stalk. This value was ... Compared with ethanol production technology using sweet sorghum bagasse (obtained after extraction of juice from sweet sorghum ... It was found that 91.9 kg ethanol/tonne fresh sweet sorghum stalk was obtained, 62.7 kg ethanol from non-structural ...
Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Dry-grind Highly Digestible Grain Sorghum Lines for Ethanol Production
Ethanol High digestible grain sorghum Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation Collections. * Electronic Theses, ... Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Dry-grind Highly Digestible Grain Sorghum Lines for Ethanol Production. ... Preliminary experiments showed that HDGS yielded higher amounts of glucose and ethanol than normal digestible grain sorghum ( ... Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Dry-grind Highly Digestible Grain Sorghum Lines for Ethanol Production. ...
Performance Evaluation of Sweet Sorghum Juice and Sugarcane Molasses for Ethanol Production
At the end of the fermentation process, the sweet sorghum juice yielded more ethanol with higher ethanol concentration compared ... The ethanol concentration and yield were 8.9% w/v and 0.45 g/g for sweet sorghum in 80 h and 6.5% w/v and 0.37 g/g for ... The sweet sorghum juice had higher cell viability at high ethanol concentrations and minimum sugar concentration at the end of ... resulting to enhanced performance of sweet sorghum juice for ethanol production,/p, ...
Integrated in situ gas stripping-salting-out process for high-titer acetone-butanol-ethanol production from sweet sorghum...
... gas stripping-salting-out system was established for effective ABE separation from the fermentation broth using sweet sorghum ... separation process and low-titer solvents production are the key constraints on the economy-feasible acetone-butanol-ethanol ( ... From: Integrated in situ gas stripping-salting-out process for high-titer acetone-butanol-ethanol production from sweet sorghum ...
Ethanol from Milo, Grain Sorghum
Grain sorghum ethanol also produces distillers grains. Grain sorghum will also be expanded in use at some of the new Texas ... In Kansas, grain sorghum used at the seven Kansas ethanol plants located in Campus, Atchison, Garden City, Colwich, Leoti, ... Grain Sorghum-its also called milo. Kansas producers grow over 40 percent of the nations grain sorghum every year. Kansas is ... Total US sorghum production was 278 million bushels. Kansas growers value grain sorghum because it is well suited to perform ...
Nigeria - OECD
Al Fin Energy: Sweet Sorghum Ethanol Instead of Maize or Cane
Sweet Sorghum Ethanol Instead of Maize or Cane Sweet sorghum requires half the water and fertilizer of corn, and uses less ... Sweet sorghum gets good marks on all counts.. In India, where researchers have made ethanol from sweet sorghum recently, its ... Given its advantages as an ethanol crop over both cane and corn, sweet sorghum should see more acreage soon.. Sorghum should be ... The timing may be right for sweet sorghum. The United States is reaching its limits on using corn for ethanol, and global ...
Ethanol Producer Magazine - The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production
500,000 investment in sorghum research, made at the inaugural Transportation Energy Resources from Renewable Agriculture ... The Sorghum Checkoff recently announced a $500,000 investment in sorghum research, made at the inaugural Transportation Energy ... The Sorghum Checkoff board of directors is committed to funding projects that will support increases in field-level ... This investment follows the U.S. Department of Energys commitment of $30 million in 2015 for sorghum to be researched as a ...
Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars<...
"Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars",. abstract = "For improved production of ethanol ... Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2015 Jan 1;72:288-299. ... Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars. Muhammad Nasidi, Reginald C. Agu, Yusuf Y. Deeni ... Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars. / Nasidi, Muhammad; Agu, Reginald C.; Deeni, ...
Ethanol Producer Magazine - The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production
Published by BBI International Media, Ethanol Producer Magazine is the source for in depth ethanol industry news. ... largest and most read trade publication in the ethanol industry. ... Distilled - Ethanol News & Trends. Sweet sorghum ethanol ... Are US, Brazil Ethanol Industries Ready to Dance?. BY Daniel Coelho Barbosa Making the case for the worlds ethanol powerhouses ... BY Holly JessenDeveloping a retail relationship with area fuel stations is a potential perk for ethanol plants, retailers and ...
Sorghum bicolor - Wikipedia
Sweet sorghums are sorghum cultivars that are primarily grown for foliage, syrup production, and ethanol; they are taller than ... Sorghum bicolor is the cultivated species of sorghum; its wild relatives make up the botanical genus Sorghum. The leading ... United Sorghum Checkoff Program "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition". www.fao.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. Sorghum, a crop of ... PMC 2759214 . Missing or empty ,url= (help) "Grassland Index: Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench". "Sweet Sorghum". Sweet Sorghum ...
Ethanol Producer Magazine - The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production
Under the agreement, Chromatin will engage local growers to plant its hybrid grain sorghum on up to 30,000 acres. ... have announced that they have entered into a multi-year agreement to source locally-grown grain sorghum. ... Pearson Fuels blends ethanol, renewable naphtha into advanced E85. Machine learning, genetics used to maximize sorghum ... USGC: Roadshow finds Iberian market potential for DDGS, sorghum Researchers probe ways to increase yields of sorghum, other ...
Ethanol Week - September 24, 2012
Energy sorghum demonstrates potential during dry summer Despite weather challenges and the learning curve for farmers ... The company recently began operations at its 35 MMgy sugarcane ethanol plant, and exported its first shipment of of ethanol. ... Lallemands annual Ethanol School kicks off in Montreal For 32 years, the Alcohol School has provided an educational and ... Coproducts help keep ethanol producers profitable in lean times. Coproducts are becoming an increasingly important factor in ...
Cellulosic ethanol - Green Car Congress
3M to GFP Ethanol for sorghum feedstock 11 September 2014 The California Energy Commission approved $8 million in grants to two ... Posted on 14 April 2015 in Cellulosic ethanol, China, Coal, Coal-to-Liquids (CTL), Ethanol, Natural Gas , Permalink , Comments ... DEINOVE produces ethanol at 9% titer with its optimized Deinococcus bacteria. DEINOVE produces ethanol at 9% titer with its ... Posted on 21 November 2014 in Bio-hydrocarbons, Biodiesel, Cellulosic ethanol, Ethanol, Fuels, Regulations , Permalink , ...
Cellulosic ethanol - Wikipedia
For years American farmers have practiced row cropping, with crops such as sorghum and corn. Because of this, much is known ... "Ethanol Producer Magazine.. *^ Decker, Jeff. Going Against the Grain: Ethanol from Lignocellulosics, Renewable Energy World, ... emissions from corn ethanol and cellulosic ethanol compared with fossil fuels is drastic. Corn ethanol may reduce overall GHG ... Cellulosic ethanol. 28. -70%. 138. +50% Notes: Calculated using default assumptions for 2015 scenario for ethanol in E85. ...
FermentationAdvanced BiofuelGrainStalksBiofuelsBagasseBiomass sorghumHydrolysisSugarcaneCropsMoenchJuiceCellulosic ethanol productionProducersSaccharomycesGallons of ethanolFeedstocksFarmersForageConcentrationCultivarPotential of sweet sorghumGasolineSugar caneGrowersSwitchgrassIndiaPlantBiofuel productionSugars in sweet sorghumPretreatmentCorn-based ethanolCheckoffYield of sweet sorghumCultivars of sweet sorghumIndicated that sweet sorghumBioethanol from sweet sorghumSeedsSweet sorghum requires
- Key factors affecting the ethanol fermentation efficiency of sorghum include starches and protein digestibility, amylose-lipid complexes, tannin content, and mash viscosity. (cnki.net)
- A maximum of ethanol production (17.83 g/L, yield 0.44 g/g and 20.45 g/L, yield 0.47 g/g) was observed with free and immobilized cells of P. stipitis respectively in batch fermentation conditions. (degruyter.com)
- Using an industrial strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae , the maximum ethanol concentration produced was roughly 106 g.L -1 in 24 h of fermentation, resulting in a volumetric productivity of 4.4 g.L -1 .h -1 and a product yield based on the substrate consumed (0.499 g.g -1 ) close to the theoretical. (scielo.br)
- Dried spent yeast (DSY) was used as a low-cost nitrogen supplement for ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice under very high gravity (VHG) conditions by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP 01. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- When S. cerevisiae NP 01 grown in the juice containing 100 g l -1 of total sugar was used as the inoculum for ethanol fermentation, the P , Q p and Y p/s obtained were 108.98 ± 1.16 g l -1 , 2.27 ± 0.06 g l -1 h -1 and 0.47 ± 0.01 g g -1 , respectively. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- Similar results were also observed when the ethanol fermentation was scaled up to a 50-litre bioreactor under the same conditions. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- These results clearly indicate the high potential of using sweet sorghum juice supplemented with DSY under VHG fermentation for ethanol production in industrial applications. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- The ethanol fermentation of juice and press cake, resulting from the squeezing of sweet sorghum stalks at high pressure, was investigated. (openarchives.gr)
- The potential of high digestible grain sorghum (HDGS) with a modified starch protein endosperm matrix to replace corn in ethanol production was investigated using dry grind simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). (tamu.edu)
- Preliminary experiments showed that HDGS yielded higher amounts of glucose and ethanol than normal digestible grain sorghum (NDGS) and corn particularly in the first 48 hrs of fermentation. (tamu.edu)
- It was hypothesized that fast conversion of starch to glucose and ethanol during hydrolysis and fermentation are results of improved protein digestibility of HDGS. (tamu.edu)
- At the end of the fermentation process, the sweet sorghum juice yielded more ethanol with higher ethanol concentration compared to sugarcane molasses in all experiments. (infona.pl)
- The sweet sorghum juice had higher cell viability at high ethanol concentrations and minimum sugar concentration at the end of the fermentation process. (infona.pl)
- For improved production of ethanol from whole sorghum residues, physico-chemical compositions and fermentation characteristics of the substrates are important factors to consider. (abertay.ac.uk)
- Detoxification of pre-treated sorghum bagasse to remove potential yeast inhibitors resulted in improvement in ethanol yield, with 23 g L−1 ethanol (representing 72% of theoretical yield) being achieved from SSV2 bagasse following fermentation with P. tannophilus without exogenous nutrient supplementation. (abertay.ac.uk)
- Our findings reveal that the choice of sorghum cultivar is important when converting bagasse to ethanol, and further that pretreatment with dilute acid at moderate temperature followed by detoxification improves fermentation kinetics and ethanol yield. (abertay.ac.uk)
- Production of ethanol from lignocellulose has the advantage of abundant and diverse raw material compared to sources such as corn and cane sugars, but requires a greater amount of processing to make the sugar monomers available to the microorganisms typically used to produce ethanol by fermentation. (wikipedia.org)
- The hydrolyzed sugar could then be processed to form ethanol through fermentation. (wikipedia.org)
- The bench-scale study yielded critical data on the production of ethanol from a combination of the two feedstocks by evaluating fermentation performance at different levels of sweet sorghum juice inclusion in corn mash. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- The two-step enzymatic hydrolysis of sweet sorghum and cassava were performed by commercially available α-amylase and glucoamylase and further ethanol fermentation of the obtained hydrolyzates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. (iium.edu.my)
- For both sweet sorghum and cassava, the hydrolysis and fermentation were done in a 2 L stirred tank bioreactor, B-Braun fermenter, by using the same conditions. (iium.edu.my)
- Also, sweet sorghum gave higher ethanol concentration than cassava at the 64 h of fermentation process, which are 40.11 and 34.07 g L-1, respectively. (iium.edu.my)
- This has already been demonstrated in laboratory conditions with pure, dry ethanol but, if this technology is to be scaled up, it needs to work with real ethanol fermentation broths. (labmanager.com)
- So alcoholic drinks are an ideal model for industrial ethanol fermentation broths-ethanol for fuel is essentially made using a brewing process. (labmanager.com)
- But there are ways to obtain ethanol for fuel from fermentation that produce something that chemically is very much like beer-so beer is an excellent readily available model to test our technology. (labmanager.com)
- This is the first report of kinetic models for fuel ethanol fermentation by adsorbed immobilized yeast. (naver.com)
- Continuous ethanol fermentation from non-sulfuric acid-washed molasses using traditional stirred tank reactor and the flocculating yeast strain KF7. (naver.com)
- Repeated-batch ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice by free cells of Saccharomyces NP 01. (naver.com)
- Ethanol fermentation technologies from sugar and starch feedstocks (2007) Bai F.W et al. (naver.com)
- Mathematical description of ethanol fermentation by immobilised Saccharomyces cerevisiae (1998) Birol Gülnur et al. (naver.com)
- Mathematical modeling to investigate temperature effect on kinetic parameters of ethanol fermentation (2005) Phisalaphong Muenduen et al. (naver.com)
- High temperature enzymatic prehydrolysis prior to simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of steam pretreated corn stover for ethanol production (2006) Öhgren Karin et al. (naver.com)
- Fermentation of lactose to bio-ethanol by yeasts as part of integrated solutions for the valorisation of cheese whey (2010) Guimarães Pedro M.R et al. (naver.com)
- Fermentation process development has been very important for efficient ethanol production . (bvsalud.org)
- In the batch fermentations without yeast extract, HG fermentation at 200 g/L of sugar showed the highest ethanol concentration (PE, 90.0 g/L) and ethanol productivity (QE, 1.25 g/L·h). (bvsalud.org)
- In the batch fermentation , nitrogen supplementation resulted in 4 to 32 g/L increases in ethanol production , depending on the initial sugar level in the SSJ. (bvsalud.org)
- The ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to ferment sweet-stalk sorghum juice depend on the strains of the yeast and sweet sorghum cultivars used in the fermentation process. (ugm.ac.id)
- Sweet-stalk sorghum juice extracted from three cultivars of sweet sorghum (FS501, FS902 and KCS105) with addition of 4,60 g/l (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 and 0,45 g/l KH 2 P0 4 were used to observe the growth and fermentation ability of the yeast strains in batch culture. (ugm.ac.id)
- The fermentation ability of the yeast strains determined by measuring the final ethanol concentration, ethanol yield and sugar conversions efficiency (SCE). (ugm.ac.id)
- It was also observed that the juice extracted from sweet stalk sorghum of FS902 cultivar is the most suitable medium for all yeast strains to achieve their highest fermentation abilities. (ugm.ac.id)
- The fermentation of sugar into ethanol is one of the earliest organic reactions employed by humanity. (phys.org)
- A very high gravity fermentation technique was applied using sweet sorghum juice and sorghum grain yielded 20.25% (v/v) of ethanol and 96% fermentation efficiency. (k-state.edu)
- Variations in extraction methods did not alter the efficiency of the eventual ethanol fermentation. (unl.edu)
- For ethanol producers, sorghum has a smaller carbon footprint than corn, and its use qualifies as advanced biofuel production, eligible for financial incentives, Chromatin said. (recordnet.com)
- The EPA recently identified conditions in which sorghum, as an energy efficient feedstock, can qualify for the financial incentives related to producing Advanced Biofuel. (greencarcongress.com)
- Pacific Ethanol Inc. of Sacramento has agreed to use grain sorghum - grown on up to 30,000 acres of California farmland - to produce ethanol at its plants, including one in Stockton. (recordnet.com)
- 摘要】 Dry land crops such as sorghums (grain sorghum, sweet sorghum and forage sorghum) have been identified as promising feedstocks for fuel ethanol production. (cnki.net)
- The ethanol yield from sorghum grain increased as starch content increased. (cnki.net)
- LINCOLN - Nebraska does not currently produce much sweet sorghum, which is different than grain sorghum. (apnews.com)
- The ethanol plant would have to invest about $30 million or so of equipment to be able to handle the sweet sorghum, instead of grain," Perrin explains. (apnews.com)
- The multi-year agreement covers up to 30,000 acres of sorghum grain to be grown and supplied to Calgren, which produces more than 55 million gallons of ethanol annually. (greencarcongress.com)
- In addition, the residue left over from the harvest of sorghum grain can be used as high quality animal feed, or as a feedstock for biogas or cellulosic biofuel production. (greencarcongress.com)
- The hydrolysate, in the best conditions (73 U of α-amylase/g grain and 1150 U glucoamylase/g grain), contained glucose at a concentration of approximately 250 g/L, which was fermented to produce ethanol in a bioreactor in batch mode. (scielo.br)
- The production of ethanol does not compromise food security since the farmers can continue to use the grain for food. (affleap.com)
- It has been proposed that non-irrigated sweet sorghum might be grown in western Nebraska as a seasonal substitute for corn grain in corn ethanol plants. (unl.edu)
- While grain sorghum is used for human food, forage and animal feed, sweet sorghum combines both attributes with the production of edible syrup. (com.ng)
- Sweet sorghum is regarded as a very promising energy crop for ethanol production because it not only supplies grain and sugar, but also offers lignocellulosic resource. (biomedcentral.com)
- Grain Sorghum-it's also called milo. (americanfuels.net)
- Kansas producers grow over 40 percent of the nation's grain sorghum every year. (americanfuels.net)
- Kansas is the nation's leading producer of grain sorghum, producing 145 million bushels of sorghum in 2006--45 percent of the nation's crop. (americanfuels.net)
- Kansas growers value grain sorghum because it is well suited to perform well in many types of soils and weather. (americanfuels.net)
- With these varying weather and soil conditions throughout Kansas, grain sorghum is a crop that Kansas farmers can depend on. (americanfuels.net)
- Most of the grain sorghum produced in Kansas is used as livestock feed. (americanfuels.net)
- The byproduct of ethanol production is distillers' grain, which is valued as a high-nutrient livestock feed. (americanfuels.net)
- Interest is also growing among consumers who are interested in reaping the benefits of adding nutritious food grade grain sorghum to their diets. (americanfuels.net)
- Grain sorghum ethanol also produces distillers grains. (americanfuels.net)
- Grain sorghum will also be expanded in use at some of the new Texas ethanol plants that will come online the first quarter of this year. (americanfuels.net)
- In India, where researchers have made ethanol from sweet sorghum recently, it's known as a smart crop, because farmers can grow it for grain for food or for the stalks for animal feed or ethanol. (blogspot.com)
- Sweet sorghum is harvested for its juice before the mature plant forms clusters of grain. (blogspot.com)
- Sorghum bicolor, commonly called sorghum (/ˈsɔːrɡəm/) and also known as great millet, durra, jowari, or milo, is a grass species cultivated for its grain, which is used for food for humans, animal feed, and ethanol production. (wikipedia.org)
- In Australia, South America, and the United States, sorghum grain is used primarily for livestock feed and in a growing number of ethanol plants. (wikipedia.org)
- Although corn is the preferred grain for making tortillas, sorghum is widely used and is well accepted in Honduras. (wikipedia.org)
- Chromatin Inc., a leading provider of innovative crop breeding technology, sorghum seed products and feedstocks, and Aemetis Inc., an advanced fuels and renewable chemicals company, have announced that they have entered into a multi-year agreement to source locally-grown grain sorghum. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Under the agreement, Chromatin will engage local growers to plant its hybrid grain sorghum on up to 30,000 acres, and Aemetis will use that sorghum in its Keyes, Calif., facility to produce advanced biofuels. (ethanolproducer.com)
- As Aemetis is currently transitioning from traditional to advanced feedstocks at our Keyes plant, this partnership with Chromatin represents a key step in our ability to source locally grown grain sorghum for the production of advanced biofuels," said Eric McAfee, Chairman and CEO of Aemetis. (ethanolproducer.com)
- By working with Chromatin and California farmers to source local grain sorghum, Aemetis will lower its carbon intensity in the production process, and further the goals of California's low carbon fuel standard (LCFS) as well as the federal renewable fuel standard (RFS)," added McAfee. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Aemetis previously reported that it is seeking U.S. EPA approval to use grain sorghum to produce advanced biofuels, generally defined by the EPA as fuels that contain less than 50 percent of the carbon intensity of gasoline through the use of advanced feedstock, bio-methane, and combined heat and power. (ethanolproducer.com)
- In addition, the residue from the harvest of sorghum grain can be used to produce biogas or as high quality animal feed. (ethanolproducer.com)
- This is why commercially practical cellulosic ethanol is widely viewed as a next level of development for the biofuel industry that could reduce demand for oil and gas drilling in ways that grain -based ethanol fuel alone cannot. (wikipedia.org)
- Sorghum is the common and genus name for various species of grasses (family Poaceae), characterized by an inflorescence (head) and grain (fruit or edible seed) in the form of a panicle, spikelets borne in pairs, and extensively branching roots . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- As a grain sorghum, it is used as food for people and for livestock and poultry. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Grain sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world and third most important cereal crop grown in the United States. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- There are about 30 species in the Sorghum genus, some of which are raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants either cultivated or as part of pasture. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- The inflorescence and grain (fruit/seed) is a panicle and sorghum is characterized by spikelets borne in pairs (FAO 1995a). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Different types of Sorghum bicolor are recognized including grain sorghums, sweet sorghums, and grass sorghums. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Starch from grain sorghum and sugar in sweet sorghum stalk can be converted to ethanol. (aiche.org)
- Results obtained from the technoeconomic analysis of the biochemical production of ethanol from three different sources of sorghum biomass, namely forage sorghum, sweet sorghum bagasse, and grain sorghum stover, will be presented. (aiche.org)
- Additionally, the cost of ethanol production from grain sorghum starch will be determined and compared with that from shelled corn starch. (aiche.org)
- But most sorghum in the U.S. is grown for feed grain . (wyso.org)
- It'll be on grain sorghum. (wyso.org)
- it's an ancient grain," says Earl Roemer, who set up a company called Nu Life Market to sell sorghum flour to big food companies . (wyso.org)
- The post-rainy season sorghum is prized for its grain and stover quality. (frontiersin.org)
- One species, Sorghum bicolor , native to Africa with many cultivated forms now, is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses" ), animal fodder , the production of alcoholic beverages , and biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
- Sorghum is efficient in converting solar energy to chemical energy , and also uses less water compared to other grain crops. (wikipedia.org)
- Sorghum species are utilized worldwide for the production of grain, forage, sugar, and more recently biofuels. (springer.com)
- But beyond Africa sorghum production is rising, mainly due to farmers who sell their grain so that others can eat. (nap.edu)
- One particular restraint on sorghum has been the lack of processed foods-flour, meal, breads, or other materials-for use by those who are not farmers and are not prepared to devote hours of every day making flour from raw grain. (nap.edu)
- In 1990, the United States shipped 7,239,000 tons of grain sorghum-almost half of all it produced. (nap.edu)
- In the United States itself, grain sorghum is most commonly used as livestock feed. (nap.edu)
- Some of the ethanol used to fuel American cars is made from grain sorghum. (nap.edu)
- For example, recent research has shown that sorghum grain can be parboiled to create a fast-cooking, convenient food just as has been done with rice. (nap.edu)
- The Council worked in partnership with the Texas Grain Sorghum Producers, the United Sorghum Checkoff Program (USCP) and the National Sorghum Producers to coordinate the procurement and delivery of these sorghum samples. (grains.org)
- Also critical to this effort was United Ag, a member of the Texas Grain Sorghum Producers, and specifically Joe Kelley, who has both traveled with the Council to promote U.S. sorghum abroad and worked domestically to help match U.S. farmers and agribusinesses with these market opportunities. (grains.org)
- Jay Wilder inspected fields of blooming grain sorghum Monday, marveling at the bronze crop's growth at his century-old family farm in Burleson County. (statesman.com)
- the sorghum he planted across 900 acres near College Station benefited from ideal rainfall and temperatures, yielding a vibrant grain atop stalks standing 4½ feet tall. (statesman.com)
- Drought conditions in the Coastal Bend killed two-thirds of the grain sorghum he planted on his farm near Corpus Christi. (statesman.com)
- As dry as it is around here, maybe I better consider planting grain sorghum this season. (e85vehicles.com)
- Olsen, M.M. (2009) Growing Grain Sorghum in Arizona. (scirp.org)
- A stalwart grain and silage producer, particularly in limited rainfall or droughty conditions, sorghum is planted on an average of 150,000 acres annually in Nebraska. (unl.edu)
- The grain sorghum segment accounted for nearly half of the global market in 2016. (openpr.com)
- Sorghum can be grown as a forage, grain, or sweet crop and is among the most efficient crops in conversion of solar energy into chemical energy, use of water, and is known as a drought tolerant, high energy environmentally friendly crop. (openpr.com)
- Sweet sorghum accumulates high concentrations of fermentable sugars in the stem, produces significant amount of starch in the grain (panicle) and has shown to be a promising energy feedstock. (k-state.edu)
- Response surface methodology was applied in order to optimize diffusion conditions and to explore effects of diffusion time, diffusion temperature, and ratio of sweet sorghum biomass to grain on starch-to-sugar efficiency and total sugar recovery from sweet sorghum. (k-state.edu)
- Results showed that Ethanol 2 cultivar exhibited a higher growth rate, plant height, stem diameter, grain yield, stem fresh weight, and yield, juice extract yield, and sugar content than those exhibited by KKU 40 and Cowley. (magiran.com)
- Growers will be paid a premium on top of market prices for each bushel of Enogen grain delivered to the ethanol plant. (farmindustrynews.com)
- Grain with this trait has increased usability for feed, food and grain-based ethanol, due to altered starch properties. (apsnet.org)
- While it prefers warm temperatures, sorghum is also tolerant of wet soil conditions --- more so than other grain crops. (chron.com)
- Worldwide, sorghum is used as a food grain. (chron.com)
- It provides grain from its earhead, sugar and hence ethanol from its stalk, and the bagasse and leaves make excellent fodder. (org.in)
- An ethanol plant that runs on the biogas instead of natural gas or coal, and whose leftover wet grain is fed back to the cattle. (typepad.com)
- Traditional ethanol plants have to invest in expensive, energy-intensive equipment to dry this leftover grain to prevent spoilage, and then transport it to far-off farms to use as feed. (typepad.com)
- Sweet sorghum stalks were used as a low cost carrier for immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP 01 to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum juice. (mdpi.com)
- Ariyajaroenwong P, Laopaiboon P, Jaisil P, Laopaiboon L. Repeated-Batch Ethanol Production from Sweet Sorghum Juice by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Immobilized on Sweet Sorghum Stalks. (mdpi.com)
- The groundnut shell enzymatic hydrolysate (45.6 g/L reducing sugars) was fermented for ethanol production with free and sorghum stalks immobilized cells of Pichia stipitis NCIM 3498 under submerged cultivation conditions. (degruyter.com)
- Immobilization of yeast cells on sorghum stalks were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). (degruyter.com)
- Sweet sorghum produces stalks that have a high concentration of fermented sugars which have become very important in ethanol production. (com.ng)
- The juice was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and yielded 4.8 g ethanol per 100 g of fresh stalks. (openarchives.gr)
- The press cake was fermented directly to ethanol by a mixed culture of Fusarium oxysporum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae and yielded 5.1 g ethanol per 100 g of fresh stalks. (openarchives.gr)
- An overall ethanol concentration and yield of 5.6% (w/v) and 9.9 g of ethanol per 100 g of fresh stalks respectively was obtained. (openarchives.gr)
- Cost-competitive ethanol production requires bioconversion of all carbohydrates in stalks including of both sucrose and lignocellulose hydrolyzed into fermentable sugars. (biomedcentral.com)
- Soluble sugars in sweet sorghum stalks were firstly converted into ethanol by ASSF using crushed stalks directly. (biomedcentral.com)
- A low energy-consumption integrated technology for ethanol production from sweet sorghum stalks was presented in this work. (biomedcentral.com)
- Based on this technology, the recalcitrance of lignocellulose was destructed via a cost-efficient process and all sugars in sweet sorghum stalks lignocellulose were hydrolysed into fermentable sugars. (biomedcentral.com)
- In fact, ethanol production from non-structural carbohydrates in sweet sorghum stalks is not difficult. (biomedcentral.com)
- The stalks are pressed, and the juice is fermented and distilled to make ethanol. (blogspot.com)
- On harvest, the whole sorghum residues (bagasse) comprising crushed stalks, leaves, panicles and peduncles were collected for further processing. (abertay.ac.uk)
- The reclaimed stalks of the sorghum plant are used to make a decorative millwork material marketed as Kirei board. (wikipedia.org)
- In some countries, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting it into ethanol. (wikipedia.org)
- Texas A&M University in the United States is currently running trials to find the best varieties for ethanol production from sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA. (wikipedia.org)
- Similar to corn (maize) in early stages, and with corn-like leaves and tall stalks, sorghum varies considerably from corn in later stages. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Unpeeled sweet sorghum stalks were used as carriers for yeast cell immobilization. (naver.com)
- Sweet Sorghum stalks are used for producing bio-fuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol . (mcgill.ca)
- sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA. (mcgill.ca)
- Also, collection of sugars from the sweet sorghum stalks is usually accomplished by mechanical squeezing, but generally does not collect all of the available sugars. (unl.edu)
- The first method demonstrates a means to store sweet sorghum stalks in the field under semi-arid conditions. (unl.edu)
- The water extraction method has the potential to be used for sugar extraction from both fresh sweet sorghum stalks and dried ones. (unl.edu)
- Nigeria: The Sweet Sorghum-to-Ethanol Initiative, by Felix Babatunde Obada, CEO Global Biofuels Nigeria, SWAC Forum 2011, West Africa and Brazil: addressing renewable energy issues, organised by the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat, 5-6 December 2011, Praia, Cape Verde. (oecd.org)
- This agreement with Aemetis is an important step in Chromatin's commitment to market high quality sorghum hybrids for the production of Advanced Biofuels feedstocks," Chromatin CEO Daphne Preuss said. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Winners of this year's Annual Brazilian Bioenergy Awards include collaborations of companies developing algae biofuels and cellulosic ethanol. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Joule Unlimited has announced it has partnered with auto manufacturer Audi AG to accelerate the commercialization of its biofuels for introduction into the respective ethanol and diesel markets. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Absence of production of cellulosic ethanol in the quantities required by the regulation was the basis of a United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia decision announced January 25, 2013, voiding a requirement imposed on car and truck fuel producers in the United States by the Environmental Protection Agency requiring addition of cellulosic biofuels to their products. (wikipedia.org)
- Of this amount, 15 billion gallons is to be provided by conventional corn-starch-based ethanol, 16 billion gallons is to be provided by cellulosic ethanol, and the balance is to be from other advanced biofuels. (aiche.org)
- Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. (phys.org)
- Low corn prices on the heels of near-record yields this year could mean increased demand from ethanol producers, export markets and biofuels consumers, Purdue Extension agricultural economist Chris Hurt says. (agweb.com)
- A proposal by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to reduce the amount of biofuels that oil companies must blend into gasoline and diesel from 18.15 billion gallons to 15.21 billion gallons in 2014 - including an implied reduction of corn ethanol from 14.4 billion gallons to near 13 billion gallons - initially appeared negative for corn markets. (agweb.com)
- Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. (howstuffworks.com)
- Switchgrass, energy cane, napier grass and sweet sorghum are some options for Southeast growers as they strive to produce 10 billion gallons of cellulosic biofuels by 2022. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- In addition to the National Advanced Biofuels Conference & Expo, BBI owns and operates the International Biomass Conference & Expo and the largest, longest-running ethanol conference in the world-the International Fuel Ethanol Workshop & Expo (FEW). (biodieselmagazine.com)
- We are delighted to be working with Calgren Renewable Fuels - which has been continuously involved with ethanol production since 2009 - in our commitment to expand the use of locally-grown sorghum crops in California for the production of energy-efficient biofuels," Chromatin Chief Executive Officer Daphne Preuss said. (chromatininc.com)
- E³ BioFuels inaugurated the world's first closed-loop ethanol plant fueled largely by biogas from animal waste instead of coal or natural gas on June 28. (typepad.com)
- Once it becomes commercially feasible to refine ethanol from plant cellulose, he said, E³ BioFuels will have a ready supply of cellulose already on site in the form of leftover material from the biogas digester unit, increasing the positive energy balance. (typepad.com)
- Under this favorable pretreatment condition, enzymatic hydrolysis of sweet sorghum bagasse following pretreatment was investigated. (biomedcentral.com)
- Bioconversion of fermentable sugars released from sweet sorghum bagasse into different products except ethanol, such as butanol, biogas, and chemicals was feasible to operate under low energy-consumption conditions. (biomedcentral.com)
- Researchers from the CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum are proposing a biorefinery scheme using lignocellulosic biomass feedstock (sugarcane bagasse) for the production of fuel (ethanol), chemicals (furfural), and energy (electricity). (greencarcongress.com)
- An novel immobilization method of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to sorghum bagasse for ethanol production. (naver.com)
- Butanol, a superior biofuel than ethanol, was produced from Sweet Sorghum Bagasse (SSB). (usda.gov)
- In these studies liquid hot water (LHW) pretreated and enzymatically hydrolyzed Sweet Sorghum Bagasse (SSB) hydrolyzates were fermented in a fed-batch reactor. (usda.gov)
- Effects of extrusion pretreatment parameters on sweet sorghum bagasse enzymatic hydrolysis and its subsequent conversion into bioethanol. (nih.gov)
- This nonchemical and continuous pretreatment did not generate inhibitory compounds.The extruded feedstocks were saccharified varying the biocatalysis time and solids loading.The extruded enzymatically hydrolyzed sweet sorghum bagasse was fermented with the strain I. orientalis at 12% solids obtaining a yield of 198.1 mL of ethanol per kilogram of bagasse (dw). (nih.gov)
- Second-generation bioethanol production from sweet sorghum bagasse first extruded at different conditions and then treated with cell wall degrading enzymes and fermented with I. orientalis was determined. (nih.gov)
- The extruded enzymatically hydrolyzed sweet sorghum bagasse was fermented with the strain I. orientalis at 12% solids obtaining a yield of 198.1 mL of ethanol per kilogram of bagasse (dw). (nih.gov)
- Ceres sells sweet sorghum, switchgrass and high biomass sorghum seeds, with its first sales coming for the 2009 growing season. (wikipedia.org)
- Alice: Genomic selection methods applied to high biomass sorghum for the production of second generation ethanol. (embrapa.br)
- Newly developed high biomass sorghum. (icrisat.org)
- The advantages of newly developed high biomass sorghum and pearl millet developed by ICRISAT and Indian Institute of Millets Research (IIMR) for use as feedstock in second generation or lignocellulosic (2G) biofuel production in India was highlighted at a recent workshop. (icrisat.org)
- Biomass sorghum species are widely used in the production of bioenergy worldwide. (openpr.com)
- Moreover, increase in demand for biofuel and rise in prices of crude oil and fossil fuels is further anticipated to bolster the demand for biomass sorghum during the forecast period. (openpr.com)
- The amount of glucose obtained after hydrolysis process was greater in sweet sorghum compared to cassava, which are 50.07 and 40.00 g L-1, respectively. (iium.edu.my)
- Sweet sorghum juice was incorporated into the dry-grind process which achieved 28% increase of ethanol yield compared to the conventional ethanol method and decreased enzymatic hydrolysis time by 30 minutes. (k-state.edu)
- The raw material supplement to sugar cane for ethanol production was cited as an option for cultivation in 500 hectares of sugarcane renewal areas. (jornalcana.com.br)
- In Thailand, the main raw materials used for ethanol production are sugarcane molasses and cassava. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- Second, yields of syrup and bioethanol from sweet sorghum are comparable to that of sugarcane and better than cassava. (com.ng)
- Sweet sorghum juice and traditional ethanol substrate i.e. sugarcane molasses were used for ethanol production in this work. (infona.pl)
- The ethanol concentration and yield were 8.9% w/v and 0.45 g/g for sweet sorghum in 80 h and 6.5% w/v and 0.37 g/g for sugarcane molasses in 60 h, respectively. (infona.pl)
- While sugarcane is propagated from stem cuttings, sweet sorghum is sown with seed - just 4.5 kg is enough for a hectare of land, compared to 4,500-6,000 kg of sugarcane cuttings. (blogspot.com)
- The species can be used as a source for making ethanol fuel, and in some environments may be better than maize or sugarcane, as it can grow under harsher conditions. (wikipedia.org)
- The company recently began operations at its 35 MMgy sugarcane ethanol plant, and exported its first shipment of of ethanol. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane ). (wikipedia.org)
- Study of sugarcane pieces as yeast supports for ethanol production from sugarcane juice and molasses. (naver.com)
- The country's ethanol production is mainly from sugarcane molasses. (icrisat.org)
- Sugarcane aphid colony on underside of sorghum leaf. (agfax.com)
- American sorghum varieties are surprisingly well equipped to take on the sugarcane aphid, according to a Kansas State researcher. (agfax.com)
- It's very unusual to have such a large number of commercially available sorghum lines expressing what are almost certainly completely different sources of resistance to the sugarcane aphid," KSU entomologist J.P. Michaud told DTN. (agfax.com)
- The sugarcane aphid has been anything but predictable since its unexpected sorghum infestations in 2013, but most of the developments up until now were negative. (agfax.com)
- Instead of spending multiple years combing the global germplasm collections for genetic resistance and then breeding it into commercial lines, researchers have been testing commercial sorghum lines and finding that the sugarcane aphid struggles to reproduce on a number of them. (agfax.com)
- Because these aphid-resistant sorghum varieties likely derive their resistance from completely different genetic traits, the sugarcane aphid won't be able to evolve virulence quickly, if at all, Michaud said. (agfax.com)
- The project to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum undertaken by the International Crops Research for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and Rusni Distilleries, both of India had achieved a breakthrough in their first production of ethanol flowing out the distillery. (affleap.com)
- Growing sweet sorghum has its distinct advantage over other crops which yield bioethanol such as sugar cane and yellow corn. (affleap.com)
- Much of the world is turning hotter and dryer these days, and it's opening new doors for a water-saving cereal that's been called "the camel of crops": sorghum. (wyso.org)
- Temperately adapted perennial sorghum feedstocks have recently begun to receive increasing interest as candidate energy crops, producing significant biomass and contributing agroecological benefits including increased soil organic carbon, reduced soil erosion, reduced input requirements, and higher net energy return. (springer.com)
- As with other crops, sorghum deserves the attention that governments give to any basic food commodity: stockpiling, purchase of surpluses, price supports, research, and policy support, for instance. (nap.edu)
- yet, sorghum is one of the most important crops in the nation. (chron.com)
- With ethanol from corn maxed out, the next option is biomass crops. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- The ethanol production medium was the juice containing 230 g L −1 of total sugar without nutrient supplementation. (mdpi.com)
- At room temperature, the sweet sorghum juice could lose from 40% to 50% of its fermentable sugars from 7 to 14 days. (cnki.net)
- The stems of sorghum yield sweet juice that could be processed into bioethanol which could be added to gasoline. (affleap.com)
- The ethanol concentration ( P ), productivity ( Q p ) and yield ( Y p/s ) of the sterile juice (total sugar of 280 g l -1 ) supplemented with 8 g l -1 of DSY were not different from those supplemented with yeast extract and/or peptone at the same amount. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- The Sorghum Checkoff in collaboration with the NCERC at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (formerly the National Corn-to-Ethanol Research Center) is pleased to announce a successful bench-scale evaluation of sweet sorghum juice sugars with corn mash for the production of fuel ethanol. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- The sugar juice was successfully used as a replacement for process water, demonstrating the potential for a corn ethanol plant to increase production above nameplate capacity by incorporating sweet sorghum juice sugars. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- Technoeconomic analysis on the production of ethanol from sweet sorghum juice will also be studied. (aiche.org)
- Ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice using very high gravity technology: effects of carbon and nitrogen supplementation. (naver.com)
- Abstract Ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice (SSJ) using the thermotolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain DBKKUY-53 immobilized in an alginate - loofah matrix (ALM) was successfully developed. (bvsalud.org)
- This research was aimed to evaluate the ethanol production capability of eight yeast strains using sweet-stalk sorghum juice from three sweet sorghum cultivars as a source. (ugm.ac.id)
- The sugar brix content of the sweet-stalk sorghum juice were measured using refractometer (ASONE, Spittz IPR-101α) and the sugar profile were evaluated by HPLC. (ugm.ac.id)
- The highest ethanol concentration, ethanol yield, and sugar conversions efficiency (SCE) were obtained by strain OUT7921 when it was employed to ferment sweet-stem sorghum juice of FS902 cultivar. (ugm.ac.id)
- Sweet sorghum is a domesticated grass containing a sugar-rich juice that can be readily utilized for ethanol production. (unl.edu)
- A pleasant-tasting syrup is made from the juice extracted from the sorghum plant. (chron.com)
Cellulosic ethanol production2
- Chromatin held a meeting earlier this month in Modesto to recruit farmers for sorghum production that would go to Pacific and two other ethanol producers. (recordnet.com)
- These practices have been observed by local farmers for decades and Nigeria is one of the major producers of sorghum in the world. (com.ng)
- Add years of low farm income to the equation and this year has been a "complete disaster" for sorghum growers, said Wayne Cleveland, executive director of Texas Sorghum Producers. (statesman.com)
- Overall this was a good report for ethanol producers and could help their stocks short-term, but the issue of high priced corn is not over," Roy said in a research note. (theolympian.com)
- One of the trends we identified for 2013 - corn ethanol producers moving away from corn. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- The major companies profiled in the report include National Sweet Sorghum Producers & Processors Assn, National Sorghum Producers, Sorghum Forum Of South Africa, Shri Lal Mahal Group, Richardson Seeds, Mabele Fuels, Advanta Seeds US, DuPont, Archer Daniels Midland, and Ingredion. (openpr.com)
- The pest abruptly took up sorghum as a host and has spread rapidly across sorghum-producing regions of the U.S. and Mexico for four years, requiring multiple insecticide treatments and driving up producers' costs. (agfax.com)
- It provides high quality sorghum seeds to growers and producers who are attracted to the crop's rapid maturation, tolerance to heat, cold and drought and high yields. (chromatininc.com)
Gallons of ethanol2
- The Council sent its first commercial mission to East Africa in 2019 to discuss the potential for alternative feedstocks like U.S. sorghum and distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS), supported by funding from USDA's Agricultural Trade Promotion (ATP) program. (grains.org)
- Trends in biotechnological production of fuel ethanol from different feedstocks. (naver.com)
- Security of feedstocks supply for future bio-ethanol production in Thailand. (naver.com)
- Two announcements today demonstrate Syngenta's increasing involvement in producing feedstocks for the ethanol market. (farmindustrynews.com)
- Chromatin has optimized its product portfolio to create sorghum feedstocks that serve as ideal renewable resources for emerging bio-based industries such as liquid transportation fuels, chemicals, materials and biopower. (chromatininc.com)
- The seed company said sorghum offers farmers the advantage of using less fertilizer and water than corn and is tolerant to both heat and drought conditions. (recordnet.com)
- That way, the farmers could sell it for a little bit less and the ethanol plants would stand to make a little bit more money. (apnews.com)
- These conditions are prevalent in most parts of the North where sorghum has been cultivated economically and sustainably for decades by local farmers. (com.ng)
- This half a million dollar investment represents the commitment of U.S. sorghum farmers to this initiative," said Tim Lust, Sorghum Checkoff CEO. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Today, American farmers grow two kinds of sorghum. (wyso.org)
- Ejeta, who won the World Food Prize in 2009 for his work on sorghum, says that sorghum's renaissance may depend on the price that farmers pay for water. (wyso.org)
- Bags of U.S. sorghum are headed from Victoria, Texas, to the Port of Mombasa in Kenya - paving the way for future market opportunities for U.S. sorghum farmers in East Africa. (grains.org)
- Farmers across the state have felt the impact of a break in sorghum exports to China, driven by a 25 percent tariff that the country imposed on U.S. grains in early July. (statesman.com)
- The economic volatility has pushed many farmers to stockpile their sorghum in hopes that President Donald Trump will reach a trade deal that levels the market. (statesman.com)
- In February, China began investigating whether U.S. farmers were "dumping" sorghum at below-market prices. (statesman.com)
- Farmers who are storing their sorghum in hopes of a market upswing face added costs and risks and reduced cash flow. (statesman.com)
- Farmers also could increase their corn acreage but the corn-based ethanol industry is struggling. (reuters.com)
- DES MOINES, Iowa - An ethanol-fueled boom in prices will prompt U.S. farmers to plant the most corn since the year the Allies invaded Normandy, but surging demand could mean consumers still may pay more for everything from chicken to cough syrup. (theolympian.com)
- Knowing this gene and its various natural alleles, sorghum breeders can design markers within it to facilitate its transfer into improved varieties providing farmers effective control of Striga in infested fields. (pnas.org)
- After the harvest, farmers will often pasture cattle in sorghum fields. (chron.com)
- Forage sorghum lignin had a lower syringyl/guaiacyl ratio and its pretreated biomass was easier to hydrolyze. (cnki.net)
- The study was carried out at Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi with nine forage sorghum cultivars to determine. (academicjournals.org)
- Forage sorghum is the most popular species, which is widely used as silage for livestock feeding. (openpr.com)
- The fermentations were carried out under static conditions in 500-mL air-locked Erlenmeyer flasks at 30 °C. The results showed that the optimum size of sorghum stalk pieces for repeated-batch ethanol production was 6 × 6 × 6 mm 3 , while the optimum initial cell concentration for the immobilization was 1.0 × 10 8 cells mL −1 . (mdpi.com)
- The average ethanol concentration, productivity and yield of the eight successive batches were 99.28 ± 3.53 g L −1 , 1.36 ± 0.05 g L −1 h −1 and 0.47 ± 0.03 g g −1 , respectively. (mdpi.com)
- The initial yeast cell concentration of 5 x 10 7 cells ml -1 was found to be optimal for scale-up ethanol production. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- In addition, an increase in sugar concentration in inoculum preparation medium (from 10 to 100 g l -1 ) improved the ability of the inoculum to produce ethanol under the VHG conditions. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- Increasing the dry solid concentration from 22% to 30% (w/v) increased the ethanol yield from 8% v/v to 13%v/v. This will allow considerable saving of water, reduced distillation cost and increased ethanol production for a given plant capacity and labor cost. (tamu.edu)
- The maximum ethanol concentration and volumetric ethanol productivity obtained using ALM- immobilized cells under the optimal conditions were 97.54 g/L and 1.36 g/L h, respectively. (bvsalud.org)
- 4 ] reported that the increase of NaCl concentration significantly reduced the relative shoot growth rate and shoot dry weight of sorghum. (hindawi.com)
- Sugar consumption, carbon dioxide evolution and ethanol production were shown to vary depending on the sorghum cultivar type. (abertay.ac.uk)
- Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of salinity on germination traits and seedling growth of sorghum (cultivar Wad Ahmed) and S. hermonthica . (hindawi.com)
- Based on these results, it might be concluded that Ethanol 2 cultivar should be treated with ethephon hormone at its harvesting stage. (magiran.com)
Potential of sweet sorghum2
- Ethanol is an excellent transportation fuel which can be used as blend with gasoline. (ejbiotechnology.info)
- One of the benefits of cellulosic ethanol is it reduces greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 85% over reformulated gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
- These issues, along with many other difficult production challenges, led George Washington University policy researchers to state that "in the short term, [cellulosic] ethanol cannot meet the energy security and environmental goals of a gasoline alternative. (wikipedia.org)
- One of the most widely used sustainable alternatives to petrol world-wide is bioethanol-in the United States gasoline is typically sold as a blend with up to 10 percent ethanol. (labmanager.com)
- The move to plant corn is in large part due to a rush to produce corn-based ethanol, which is blended with gasoline. (theolympian.com)
- The corn rush was sparked by President Bush's initiative to support flexible-fuel vehicles, which are capable of using gasoline and ethanol blends, and his administration's plan to cut gas consumption by 20 percent in 10 years. (theolympian.com)
- The government's current goal is to blend 5% of ethanol in gasoline across the country and increase the blending percentage to 10% in the short run and up to 20% in the next five years. (icrisat.org)
- The primary demand for corn ethanol is the 10 percent blend with all gasoline sold in the U.S. The amount of ethanol needed to meet this demand depends on how much gasoline is consumed for the rest of this year and into next. (agweb.com)
- But a gallon of E85 - a blend of 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline - produces less mileage than higher gasoline blends. (agweb.com)
- Finally, new studies have revealed that ethanol actually lets off more pollution then gasoline anyway. (thegoodhuman.com)
- Among its advantages - highly productive, use of the same infrastructure and more efficient use of water compared to sugar cane - were positive points listed in the lecture of the head of the Embrapa Maize and Sorghum, Alvaro Antonio Corsetti Purcino. (jornalcana.com.br)
- Compared to sugar cane, sorghum uses only 1/3 the amount of water, and grows in a wider range of climates. (blogspot.com)
- Sweet sorghums are used for producing syrups and molasses (the plants are closely related to sugar cane) and grass sorghums are used for pasture and hay . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Sweet sorghum has a short growing season so adding it to the sugar cane system would be good. (k-state.edu)
- Look into cellulosic ethanol, which uses wastes from the sugar cane refining process, or corn waste, or pulp and paper waste. (thegoodhuman.com)
- In addition, ethanol from sorghum costs less than ethanol made from sugar cane or corn. (chron.com)
- In the Southeast we can produce sugar cane, sweet sorghum, sweet potatoes, even fruit for fuel. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- Growers have praised sorghum as an easy substitute for corn because it is easy to grow, uses less fertilizer and water and is tolerant to both heat and drought conditions. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The Sorghum Checkoff has rolled up its sleeves and gone to work for sorghum growers since the checkoff began collecting checkoff dollars in July 2008. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
- Corn stover , Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), Miscanthus grass species, wood chips and the byproducts of lawn and tree maintenance are some of the more popular cellulosic materials for ethanol production. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2010, Ceres started to cooperate with Novozymes to improve the enzyme cocktails for biorefinery switchgrass and sweet sorghum. (wikipedia.org)
- Currently, the estimated production of ethanol in India is in the range of 2.5-3.0 billion liters which is primarily used for potable alcohol, chemical industries and for ethanol blending. (icrisat.org)
- With an average price of ethanol currently offered by the government of India -- Rs 18 per litre -- the ethanol production will be of the order of Rs 2,65,000 crore per year. (org.in)
- Coproducts are becoming an increasingly important factor in ethanol plant profitability, according to the third annual benchmarking report released Sept. 18 by Christianson & Associates PLLP. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The Oshawa Port Authority in Ontario is planning an event to help answer questions its local community has with regard to a proposed ethanol plant. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Among them are two pathways for cellulosic ethanol produced by Abengoa Bioenergy at its Hugoton, Kansas plant. (greencarcongress.com)
- Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) produced from cellulose (the stringy fiber of a plant) rather than from the plant's seeds or fruit . (wikipedia.org)
- Sorghum "originated in the northeastern quadrant of Africa," explains Gebisa Ejeta , a plant scientist from Ethiopia and professor at Purdue University. (wyso.org)
- That traditional sorghum looks like an overgrown corn plant, up to 10 feet tall, with a head of seeds on top. (wyso.org)
- Overall, our study provides a comprehensive information on cell wall related genes families in sorghum which offers a valuable resource to develop strategies for altering biomass composition by plant breeding and genetic engineering approaches. (frontiersin.org)
- Sorghum accounted for about 30% of Pacific Ethanol's feedstock at the Stockton plant during the third quarter. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- In this special DIGEST WEBINAR, we look at the Port of Rotterdam (home to the massive Neste renewable diesel and and Europe's largest ethanol plant, as well as emerging chemical and green hydrogen projects) for project opportunities in the advanced bioeconomy. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- The experiments were conducted to determine suitable sowing time in order to achieve high plant biomass and sugar content of sweet sorghum for bioethanol manufacture. (scirp.org)
- In contrast, the productivity of fresh weight (1310.4 g/whole plant), sugar content (14.9% Brix), biomass yield (122.4 tons/ha) and theoretical converted ethanol yield (5 tons/ha) were the highest when sweet sorghum planted from March to June. (scirp.org)
- Doran-Peterson, J., Cook, D.M. and Brandon, S.K. (2008) Microbial Conversion of Sugars from Plant Biomass to Lactic Acid or Ethanol. (scirp.org)
- The northwest Iowa city of Spencer is recycling more than 1,500 tons of wood waste by sending it to an ethanol plant to be burned. (agweb.com)
- The Sioux City Journal reports ( http://bit.ly/1Less6c ) the wood waste will help power the ethanol plant, and it won't cost the city of Spencer anything to dispose of between 50 and 100 truckloads of debris. (agweb.com)
- The ethanol plant has helped dispose of large amounts of trees after ice storms in the past. (agweb.com)
- Sorghum is a tall plant, reaching heights up to 12 feet. (chron.com)
- Sorghum is a resilient plant, often able to out-compete weeds. (chron.com)
- In this manner, any gene of interest can be introduced into the sorghum plant. (freepatentsonline.com)
- 1. An Agrobacterium-transformed sorghum plant wherein said plant comprises fewer than 5 copies of a nucleic acid of interest flanked by at least one T-DNA border sequence incorporated in its genome. (freepatentsonline.com)
- 2. The sorghum plant of claim 1, wherein said plant comprises less than 3 copies of said nucleic acid sequence. (freepatentsonline.com)
- 3. The sorghum plant of claim 1, wherein said nucleic acid further comprises at least one expression cassette comprising a gene which confers resistance to a selection agent. (freepatentsonline.com)
- 5. The sorghum plant of claim 4, wherein said gene which confers resistance to a selection agent is bar. (freepatentsonline.com)
- 6. The sorghum plant of claim 3, wherein said nucleic acid comprises a second expression cassette comprising at least one gene of interest. (freepatentsonline.com)
- At the Genesis plant the patented closed-loop ethanol system produces energy by combining manure, collected from an adjacent 28,000-head cattle feedlot, with thin stillage, a cellulosic byproduct of ethanol refining. (typepad.com)
Sugars in sweet sorghum1
- The Sorghum Checkoff recently announced a $500,000 investment in sorghum research, made at the inaugural Transportation Energy Resources from Renewable Agriculture (TERRA) program field day at the University of Arizona's Maricopa Agricultural Center in Maricopa, Arizona. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The Sorghum Checkoff board of directors is committed to funding projects that will support increases in field-level productivity as well as market-level demand and value enhancements, which continue to be seen as a valuable means of increasing opportunities for farmer profitability. (ethanolproducer.com)
- in late 2012 by Commonwealth Agri-Energy LLC, Delta BioRenewables LLC, Ceres Inc. and the Sorghum Checkoff. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- From early April to July 27, sorghum prices per bushel dropped about 15 percent in Central Texas and roughly 18 percent in the Coastal Bend, according to data compiled by Texas-based Southwest Agribusiness Consulting and the United Sorghum Checkoff, an industry group. (statesman.com)
- The Sorghum Checkoff has partnered with various research entities to improve profitability, productivity, yield, genetic improvement, herbicide tolerance and more. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
- The Sorghum Checkoff is funding research projects to improve profitability, productivity, yield, genetic improvement, herbicide tolerance and more. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
Yield of sweet sorghum1
Cultivars of sweet sorghum1
Indicated that sweet sorghum1
Bioethanol from sweet sorghum1
- In comparison to hybrid corn, growing sweet sorghum requires less investment, a hectare requires only six kilos of seeds worth much less than that of yellow corn usually costs more per hectare. (affleap.com)
- In this report, the Asia-Pacific Sorghum and Sorghum Seeds market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. (qyresearchreports.com)
- The report covers various segments of the Asia pacific sorghum and sorghum seeds market report 2018 market, to give complete assessment of the market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Market values for these segments are evaluated and presented in a comprehensive way to allow readers understand various aspects of the Asia pacific sorghum and sorghum seeds market report 2018 market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- The cumulative development of these segments is expected to boost the global Asia pacific sorghum and sorghum seeds market report 2018 market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- As this market is sensitive towards government policies and regulations, regional government rules are covered to help the players in the Asia pacific sorghum and sorghum seeds market report 2018 market to grow their share. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Competitive landscape of the Asia pacific sorghum and sorghum seeds market report 2018 market is included to give the readers a brief idea about opportunities and pitfalls present for them in this market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Furthermore, various trends that may affect growth of the Asia pacific sorghum and sorghum seeds market report 2018 market are included. (qyresearchreports.com)
- The growth and development speed of sweet sorghum reduced when seeds were sowed in August and was significantly different from other sowing times (p (scirp.org)
- Sorghum and sorghum seeds market was valued at $8,279 million in 2016, and is projected to reach $10,591 million by 2023, growing at a CAGR of 3.6% from 2017 to 2023. (openpr.com)
- The invention encompasses regenerated, fertile sorghum plants, transgenic seeds produced therefrom, T1 and subsequent generations. (freepatentsonline.com)
- Today, Chromatin's products are sold in the U.S. and in more than 20 countries and its sorghum seeds are planted on over 4 million acres worldwide. (chromatininc.com)