Sorghum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Malate Dehydrogenase (NADP+)Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Saccharum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Brachypodium: A plant genus in the family POACEAE. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for functional genomics studies.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Panicum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial: DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Thermoanaerobacterium: A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria in the family Thermoanaerobacteriaceae. They are thermophilic and saccharolytic.Contracts: Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.CaliforniaCells, Immobilized: Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Helminthosporium: A mitosporic fungal genus including both saprophytes and plant parasites.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Lower Extremity Deformities, Congenital: Congenital structural abnormalities of the LOWER EXTREMITY.KansasBiofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.NebraskaSweet Syndrome: Condition characterized by large, rapidly extending, erythematous, tender plaques on the upper body usually accompanied by fever and dermal infiltration of neutrophilic leukocytes. It occurs mostly in middle-aged women, is often preceded by an upper respiratory infection, and clinically resembles ERYTHEMA MULTIFORME. Sweet syndrome is associated with LEUKEMIA.Financing, Construction: Funding resources and procedures for capital improvement or the construction of facilities.Chromatin: The material of CHROMOSOMES. It is a complex of DNA; HISTONES; and nonhistone proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE) found within the nucleus of a cell.SvalbardEricaceae: The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Cajanus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is used for food in NIGERIA.Gasoline: Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.Satellite Communications: Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Smog: A mixture of smoke and fog polluting the atmosphere. (Dorland, 27th ed)Butanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).Clostridium beijerinckii: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, capable of solventogenesis, and isolated from SOIL, infected WOUNDS, fermenting OLIVES, and spoiled CANDY.Clostridium acetobutylicum: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, used for the industrial production of SOLVENTS.Acetone: A colorless liquid used as a solvent and an antiseptic. It is one of the ketone bodies produced during ketoacidosis.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
  • Nigeria: The Sweet Sorghum-to-Ethanol Initiative, by Felix Babatunde Obada, CEO Global Biofuels Nigeria, SWAC Forum 2011, West Africa and Brazil: addressing renewable energy issues, organised by the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat, 5-6 December 2011, Praia, Cape Verde. (oecd.org)
  • This agreement with Aemetis is an important step in Chromatin's commitment to market high quality sorghum hybrids for the production of Advanced Biofuels feedstocks," Chromatin CEO Daphne Preuss said. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • Winners of this year's Annual Brazilian Bioenergy Awards include collaborations of companies developing algae biofuels and cellulosic ethanol. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • Joule Unlimited has announced it has partnered with auto manufacturer Audi AG to accelerate the commercialization of its biofuels for introduction into the respective ethanol and diesel markets. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • Absence of production of cellulosic ethanol in the quantities required by the regulation was the basis of a United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia decision announced January 25, 2013, voiding a requirement imposed on car and truck fuel producers in the United States by the Environmental Protection Agency requiring addition of cellulosic biofuels to their products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of this amount, 15 billion gallons is to be provided by conventional corn-starch-based ethanol, 16 billion gallons is to be provided by cellulosic ethanol, and the balance is to be from other advanced biofuels. (aiche.org)
  • Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. (phys.org)
  • Low corn prices on the heels of near-record yields this year could mean increased demand from ethanol producers, export markets and biofuels consumers, Purdue Extension agricultural economist Chris Hurt says. (agweb.com)
  • A proposal by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to reduce the amount of biofuels that oil companies must blend into gasoline and diesel from 18.15 billion gallons to 15.21 billion gallons in 2014 - including an implied reduction of corn ethanol from 14.4 billion gallons to near 13 billion gallons - initially appeared negative for corn markets. (agweb.com)
  • Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Switchgrass, energy cane, napier grass and sweet sorghum are some options for Southeast growers as they strive to produce 10 billion gallons of cellulosic biofuels by 2022. (southeastfarmpress.com)
  • In addition to the National Advanced Biofuels Conference & Expo, BBI owns and operates the International Biomass Conference & Expo and the largest, longest-running ethanol conference in the world-the International Fuel Ethanol Workshop & Expo (FEW). (biodieselmagazine.com)
  • We are delighted to be working with Calgren Renewable Fuels - which has been continuously involved with ethanol production since 2009 - in our commitment to expand the use of locally-grown sorghum crops in California for the production of energy-efficient biofuels," Chromatin Chief Executive Officer Daphne Preuss said. (chromatininc.com)
  • BioFuels inaugurated the world's first closed-loop ethanol plant fueled largely by biogas from animal waste instead of coal or natural gas on June 28. (typepad.com)
  • Once it becomes commercially feasible to refine ethanol from plant cellulose, he said, E³ BioFuels will have a ready supply of cellulose already on site in the form of leftover material from the biogas digester unit, increasing the positive energy balance. (typepad.com)
  • While it is still too early to make accurate predictions of trade volumes, net exports in the range of 400 million to 550 million gallons of ethanol might be likely,' he said. (agweb.com)
  • It will produce 25 million gallons of ethanol a year, and consume 300,000 tons of manure. (typepad.com)
  • The seed company said sorghum offers farmers the advantage of using less fertilizer and water than corn and is tolerant to both heat and drought conditions. (recordnet.com)
  • That way, the farmers could sell it for a little bit less and the ethanol plants would stand to make a little bit more money. (apnews.com)
  • These conditions are prevalent in most parts of the North where sorghum has been cultivated economically and sustainably for decades by local farmers. (com.ng)
  • This half a million dollar investment represents the commitment of U.S. sorghum farmers to this initiative," said Tim Lust, Sorghum Checkoff CEO. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • Today, American farmers grow two kinds of sorghum. (wyso.org)
  • Ejeta, who won the World Food Prize in 2009 for his work on sorghum, says that sorghum's renaissance may depend on the price that farmers pay for water. (wyso.org)
  • Bags of U.S. sorghum are headed from Victoria, Texas, to the Port of Mombasa in Kenya - paving the way for future market opportunities for U.S. sorghum farmers in East Africa. (grains.org)
  • Farmers across the state have felt the impact of a break in sorghum exports to China, driven by a 25 percent tariff that the country imposed on U.S. grains in early July. (statesman.com)
  • The economic volatility has pushed many farmers to stockpile their sorghum in hopes that President Donald Trump will reach a trade deal that levels the market. (statesman.com)
  • In February, China began investigating whether U.S. farmers were "dumping" sorghum at below-market prices. (statesman.com)
  • Farmers who are storing their sorghum in hopes of a market upswing face added costs and risks and reduced cash flow. (statesman.com)
  • Farmers also could increase their corn acreage but the corn-based ethanol industry is struggling. (reuters.com)
  • DES MOINES, Iowa - An ethanol-fueled boom in prices will prompt U.S. farmers to plant the most corn since the year the Allies invaded Normandy, but surging demand could mean consumers still may pay more for everything from chicken to cough syrup. (theolympian.com)
  • Knowing this gene and its various natural alleles, sorghum breeders can design markers within it to facilitate its transfer into improved varieties providing farmers effective control of Striga in infested fields. (pnas.org)
  • After the harvest, farmers will often pasture cattle in sorghum fields. (chron.com)
  • The fermentations were carried out under static conditions in 500-mL air-locked Erlenmeyer flasks at 30 °C. The results showed that the optimum size of sorghum stalk pieces for repeated-batch ethanol production was 6 × 6 × 6 mm 3 , while the optimum initial cell concentration for the immobilization was 1.0 × 10 8 cells mL −1 . (mdpi.com)
  • The average ethanol concentration, productivity and yield of the eight successive batches were 99.28 ± 3.53 g L −1 , 1.36 ± 0.05 g L −1 h −1 and 0.47 ± 0.03 g g −1 , respectively. (mdpi.com)
  • The initial yeast cell concentration of 5 x 10 7 cells ml -1 was found to be optimal for scale-up ethanol production. (ejbiotechnology.info)
  • In addition, an increase in sugar concentration in inoculum preparation medium (from 10 to 100 g l -1 ) improved the ability of the inoculum to produce ethanol under the VHG conditions. (ejbiotechnology.info)
  • Increasing the dry solid concentration from 22% to 30% (w/v) increased the ethanol yield from 8% v/v to 13%v/v. This will allow considerable saving of water, reduced distillation cost and increased ethanol production for a given plant capacity and labor cost. (tamu.edu)
  • The maximum ethanol concentration and volumetric ethanol productivity obtained using ALM- immobilized cells under the optimal conditions were 97.54 g/L and 1.36 g/L h, respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • 4 ] reported that the increase of NaCl concentration significantly reduced the relative shoot growth rate and shoot dry weight of sorghum. (hindawi.com)
  • Growers have praised sorghum as an easy substitute for corn because it is easy to grow, uses less fertilizer and water and is tolerant to both heat and drought conditions. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • The Sorghum Checkoff has rolled up its sleeves and gone to work for sorghum growers since the checkoff began collecting checkoff dollars in July 2008. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
  • Coproducts are becoming an increasingly important factor in ethanol plant profitability, according to the third annual benchmarking report released Sept. 18 by Christianson & Associates PLLP. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • The Oshawa Port Authority in Ontario is planning an event to help answer questions its local community has with regard to a proposed ethanol plant. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • Among them are two pathways for cellulosic ethanol produced by Abengoa Bioenergy at its Hugoton, Kansas plant. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) produced from cellulose (the stringy fiber of a plant) rather than from the plant's seeds or fruit . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum "originated in the northeastern quadrant of Africa," explains Gebisa Ejeta , a plant scientist from Ethiopia and professor at Purdue University. (wyso.org)
  • That traditional sorghum looks like an overgrown corn plant, up to 10 feet tall, with a head of seeds on top. (wyso.org)
  • Overall, our study provides a comprehensive information on cell wall related genes families in sorghum which offers a valuable resource to develop strategies for altering biomass composition by plant breeding and genetic engineering approaches. (frontiersin.org)
  • Sorghum accounted for about 30% of Pacific Ethanol's feedstock at the Stockton plant during the third quarter. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • In this special DIGEST WEBINAR, we look at the Port of Rotterdam (home to the massive Neste renewable diesel and and Europe's largest ethanol plant, as well as emerging chemical and green hydrogen projects) for project opportunities in the advanced bioeconomy. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • The experiments were conducted to determine suitable sowing time in order to achieve high plant biomass and sugar content of sweet sorghum for bioethanol manufacture. (scirp.org)
  • In contrast, the productivity of fresh weight (1310.4 g/whole plant), sugar content (14.9% Brix), biomass yield (122.4 tons/ha) and theoretical converted ethanol yield (5 tons/ha) were the highest when sweet sorghum planted from March to June. (scirp.org)
  • Doran-Peterson, J., Cook, D.M. and Brandon, S.K. (2008) Microbial Conversion of Sugars from Plant Biomass to Lactic Acid or Ethanol. (scirp.org)
  • The northwest Iowa city of Spencer is recycling more than 1,500 tons of wood waste by sending it to an ethanol plant to be burned. (agweb.com)
  • The Sioux City Journal reports ( http://bit.ly/1Less6c ) the wood waste will help power the ethanol plant, and it won't cost the city of Spencer anything to dispose of between 50 and 100 truckloads of debris. (agweb.com)
  • The ethanol plant has helped dispose of large amounts of trees after ice storms in the past. (agweb.com)
  • Sorghum is a tall plant, reaching heights up to 12 feet. (chron.com)
  • Sorghum is a resilient plant, often able to out-compete weeds. (chron.com)
  • In this manner, any gene of interest can be introduced into the sorghum plant. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 1. An Agrobacterium-transformed sorghum plant wherein said plant comprises fewer than 5 copies of a nucleic acid of interest flanked by at least one T-DNA border sequence incorporated in its genome. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 2. The sorghum plant of claim 1, wherein said plant comprises less than 3 copies of said nucleic acid sequence. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 3. The sorghum plant of claim 1, wherein said nucleic acid further comprises at least one expression cassette comprising a gene which confers resistance to a selection agent. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 5. The sorghum plant of claim 4, wherein said gene which confers resistance to a selection agent is bar. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 6. The sorghum plant of claim 3, wherein said nucleic acid comprises a second expression cassette comprising at least one gene of interest. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • At the Genesis plant the patented closed-loop ethanol system produces energy by combining manure, collected from an adjacent 28,000-head cattle feedlot, with thin stillage, a cellulosic byproduct of ethanol refining. (typepad.com)
  • Extraction kinetics based on the optimized diffusion parameters were developed to describe the mass transfer of sugars in sweet sorghum biomass during the diffusion process. (k-state.edu)
  • Recent USDA projections call for about 15 billion gallons of corn-based ethanol by 2022 and another billion gallons from soy-based biodiesel. (southeastfarmpress.com)
  • The Sorghum Checkoff recently announced a $500,000 investment in sorghum research, made at the inaugural Transportation Energy Resources from Renewable Agriculture (TERRA) program field day at the University of Arizona's Maricopa Agricultural Center in Maricopa, Arizona. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • The Sorghum Checkoff board of directors is committed to funding projects that will support increases in field-level productivity as well as market-level demand and value enhancements, which continue to be seen as a valuable means of increasing opportunities for farmer profitability. (ethanolproducer.com)
  • in late 2012 by Commonwealth Agri-Energy LLC, Delta BioRenewables LLC, Ceres Inc. and the Sorghum Checkoff. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • From early April to July 27, sorghum prices per bushel dropped about 15 percent in Central Texas and roughly 18 percent in the Coastal Bend, according to data compiled by Texas-based Southwest Agribusiness Consulting and the United Sorghum Checkoff, an industry group. (statesman.com)
  • The Sorghum Checkoff has partnered with various research entities to improve profitability, productivity, yield, genetic improvement, herbicide tolerance and more. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
  • The Sorghum Checkoff is funding research projects to improve profitability, productivity, yield, genetic improvement, herbicide tolerance and more. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
  • Various studies have also indicated that sweet sorghum is the most sustainable ecosystem for renewable fuel, syrup and animal feeds production as it provides the most efficient use of land, water, nitrogen and energy resources. (com.ng)