Dilatation: The act of dilating.Dilatation, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.Gastric Dilatation: Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.Dilatation and Curettage: Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Esophageal Stenosis: A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.Labor Stage, First: Period from the onset of true OBSTETRIC LABOR to the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI.Vasodilation: The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Esophageal Achalasia: A motility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS in which the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER (near the CARDIA) fails to relax resulting in functional obstruction of the esophagus, and DYSPHAGIA. Achalasia is characterized by a grossly contorted and dilated esophagus (megaesophagus).Proventriculus: A thin-walled, glandular stomach found in birds. It precedes the gizzard.Bornaviridae: A family in the order MONONEGAVIRALES comprising one genus Bornavirus. This family has a unique form of mRNA processing: replication and transcription takes place in the nucleus.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.Pulmonary Valve Stenosis: The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the PULMONARY VALVE. This lesion restricts blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE to the PULMONARY ARTERY. When the trileaflet valve is fused into an imperforate membrane, the blockage is complete.Pulmonary Valve: A valve situated at the entrance to the pulmonary trunk from the right ventricle.Marfan Syndrome: An autosomal dominant disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE with abnormal features in the heart, the eye, and the skeleton. Cardiovascular manifestations include MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE, dilation of the AORTA, and aortic dissection. Other features include lens displacement (ectopia lentis), disproportioned long limbs and enlarged DURA MATER (dural ectasia). Marfan syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin, a major element of extracellular microfibrils of connective tissue.Mononegavirales Infections: Infections with viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES. The concept includes FILOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.Ventricular Remodeling: The geometric and structural changes that the HEART VENTRICLES undergo, usually following MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. It comprises expansion of the infarct and dilatation of the healthy ventricle segments. While most prevalent in the left ventricle, it can also occur in the right ventricle.Arterioles: The smallest divisions of the arteries located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.Psittaciformes: An order of BIRDS comprised of several families and more than 300 species. It includes COCKATOOS; PARROTS; PARAKEETS; macaws; and BUDGERIGARS.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Aortic Valve: The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Anti-Dyskinesia Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of movement disorders. Most of these act centrally on dopaminergic or cholinergic systems. Among the most important clinically are those used for the treatment of Parkinson disease (ANTIPARKINSON AGENTS) and those for the tardive dyskinesias.Parrots: BIRDS of the large family Psittacidae, widely distributed in tropical regions and having a distinctive stout, curved hooked bill. The family includes LOVEBIRDS; AMAZON PARROTS; conures; PARAKEETS; and many other kinds of parrots.Nitroglycerin: A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.Aortic Aneurysm: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of AORTA.Endothelium, Vascular: Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.Tricuspid Valve Stenosis: The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the TRICUSPID VALVE. This hinders the emptying of RIGHT ATRIUM leading to elevated right atrial pressure and systemic venous congestion. Tricuspid valve stenosis is almost always due to RHEUMATIC FEVER.Vasodilator Agents: Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.Choledochal Cyst: A congenital anatomic malformation of a bile duct, including cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct or the large intrahepatic bile duct. Classification is based on the site and type of dilatation. Type I is most common.Mitral Valve Stenosis: Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.Aortic Valve Insufficiency: Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases in any part of the ductal system of the BILIARY TRACT from the smallest BILE CANALICULI to the largest COMMON BILE DUCT.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Hydronephrosis: Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.Pia Mater: The innermost layer of the three meninges covering the brain and spinal cord. It is the fine vascular membrane that lies under the ARACHNOID and the DURA MATER.Aortic Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cardiomyopathy, Dilated: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease that is characterized by ventricular dilation, VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, and HEART FAILURE. Risk factors include SMOKING; ALCOHOL DRINKING; HYPERTENSION; INFECTION; PREGNANCY; and mutations in the LMNA gene encoding LAMIN TYPE A, a NUCLEAR LAMINA protein.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Tracheal StenosisMegacolon: Dilatation of the COLON, often to alarming dimensions. There are various types of megacolon including congenital megacolon in HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, idiopathic megacolon in CONSTIPATION, and TOXIC MEGACOLON.Mydriasis: Dilation of pupils to greater than 6 mm combined with failure of the pupils to constrict when stimulated with light. This condition may occur due to injury of the pupillary fibers in the oculomotor nerve, in acute angle-closure glaucoma, and in ADIE SYNDROME.Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Manometry: Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.Tetralogy of Fallot: A combination of congenital heart defects consisting of four key features including VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS; PULMONARY STENOSIS; RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY; and a dextro-positioned AORTA. In this condition, blood from both ventricles (oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor) is pumped into the body often causing CYANOSIS.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Cerebral Ventricles: Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).Esophagoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the esophagus.Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Pancreatic Ducts: Ducts that collect PANCREATIC JUICE from the PANCREAS and supply it to the DUODENUM.Caroli Disease: Congenital cystic dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC). It consists of 2 types: simple Caroli disease is characterized by bile duct dilatation (ectasia) alone; and complex Caroli disease is characterized by bile duct dilatation with extensive hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL). Benign renal tubular ectasia is associated with both types of Caroli disease.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Biliary Tract: The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Aortic Coarctation: A birth defect characterized by the narrowing of the AORTA that can be of varying degree and at any point from the transverse arch to the iliac bifurcation. Aortic coarctation causes arterial HYPERTENSION before the point of narrowing and arterial HYPOTENSION beyond the narrowed portion.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Aortic Valve Stenosis: A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.Mydriatics: Agents that dilate the pupil. They may be either sympathomimetics or parasympatholytics.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Cholangiography: An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.Fetal Diseases: Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.Esophageal Sphincter, Lower: The physiologic or functional barrier to GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX at the esophagogastric junction. Sphincteric muscles remain tonically contracted during the resting state and form the high-pressure zone separating the lumen of the ESOPHAGUS from that of the STOMACH. (Haubrich et al, Bockus Gastroenterology, 5th ed., pp399, 415)Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction: Functional obstruction of the COLON leading to MEGACOLON in the absence of obvious COLONIC DISEASES or mechanical obstruction. When this condition is acquired, acute, and coexisting with another medical condition (trauma, surgery, serious injuries or illness, or medication), it is called Ogilvie's syndrome.Hyperemia: The presence of an increased amount of blood in a body part or an organ leading to congestion or engorgement of blood vessels. Hyperemia can be due to increase of blood flow into the area (active or arterial), or due to obstruction of outflow of blood from the area (passive or venous).Mitral Valve Insufficiency: Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Tropicamide: One of the MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS with pharmacologic action similar to ATROPINE and used mainly as an ophthalmic parasympatholytic or mydriatic.Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Aorta: The main trunk of the systemic arteries.Fissure in Ano: A painful linear ulcer at the margin of the anus. It appears as a crack or slit in the mucous membrane of the anus and is very painful and difficult to heal. (Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Common Bile Duct: The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Mitral Valve: The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Kidney Pelvis: The flattened, funnel-shaped expansion connecting the URETER to the KIDNEY CALICES.Pupil: The aperture in the iris through which light passes.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Basilar Artery: The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular: Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Biological Factors: Endogenously-synthesized compounds that influence biological processes not otherwise classified under ENZYMES; HORMONES or HORMONE ANTAGONISTS.Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.Burns, ChemicalBronchial DiseasesEndoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Vascular Resistance: The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.Urinary Tract: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.Misoprostol: A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.Common Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Aneurysm, Dissecting: Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.Aorta, Thoracic: The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency: Backflow of blood from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the RIGHT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the TRICUSPID VALVE.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency: Backflow of blood from the PULMONARY ARTERY into the RIGHT VENTRICLE due to imperfect closure of the PULMONARY VALVE.Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance: Non-invasive diagnostic technique for visualizing the PANCREATIC DUCTS and BILE DUCTS without the use of injected CONTRAST MEDIA or x-ray. MRI scans provide excellent sensitivity for duct dilatation, biliary stricture, and intraductal abnormalities.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Esophageal Perforation: An opening or hole in the ESOPHAGUS that is caused by TRAUMA, injury, or pathological process.Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures: Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.Cholangitis: Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.Ventricular Dysfunction, Left: A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.Stomach Rupture: Bursting of the STOMACH.Caustics: Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.Urologic Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Cardiomegaly: Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Jejunostomy: Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Autonomic Agents: Agents affecting the function of, or mimicking the actions of, the autonomic nervous system and thereby having an effect on such processes as respiration, circulation, digestion, body temperature regulation, certain endocrine gland secretions, etc.Cheek: The part of the face that is below the eye and to the side of the nose and mouth.Heart Valve Diseases: Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).Cockatoos: Large crested BIRDS in the family Cacatuidae, found in Australia, New Guinea, and islands adjacent to the Philippines. The cockatiel (species Nymphicus hollandicus) is much smaller.Picolines: A group of compounds that are monomethyl derivatives of pyridines. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Lymphangiectasis: A transient dilatation of the lymphatic vessels.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Stomach Diseases: Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Bronchography: Radiography of the bronchial tree after injection of a contrast medium.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Echocardiography, Doppler: Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.Radial Artery: The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Hepatopulmonary Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Ventricular Dysfunction, Right: A condition in which the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the right ventricular wall.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Gynecological Examination: Inspection and PALPATATION of female breasts, abdomen, and GENITALIA, as well as obtaining a gynecological history. (from Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology)Pyloric Stenosis: Narrowing of the pyloric canal with varied etiology. A common form is due to muscle hypertrophy (PYLORIC STENOSIS, HYPERTROPHIC) seen in infants.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.omega-N-Methylarginine: A competitive inhibitor of nitric oxide synthetase.Cholestasis: Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart or blood vessels.Duodenal Obstruction: Hindrance of the passage of luminal contents in the DUODENUM. Duodenal obstruction can be partial or complete, and caused by intrinsic or extrinsic factors. Simple obstruction is associated with diminished or stopped flow of luminal contents. Strangulating obstruction is associated with impaired blood flow to the duodenum in addition to obstructed flow of luminal contents.Urography: Radiography of any part of the urinary tract.Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts: Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Sinus of Valsalva: The dilatation of the aortic wall behind each of the cusps of the aortic valve.Deglutition Disorders: Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.Uterine Cervical Incompetence: Incompetent UTERINE CERVIX is usually diagnosed in the second trimester of PREGNANCY. It is characterized by passive painless cervical dilation in the absence of UTERINE CONTRACTION; BLEEDING; INFECTION; and sometimes with the amniotic sac (AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE) bulging through the partially dilated cervix. Left untreated, this condition may lead to premature pregnancy loss, such as HABITUAL ABORTION.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Hemorrhoids: Swollen veins in the lower part of the RECTUM or ANUS. Hemorrhoids can be inside the anus (internal), under the skin around the anus (external), or protruding from inside to outside of the anus. People with hemorrhoids may or may not exhibit symptoms which include bleeding, itching, and pain.Cervical Ripening: A change in the CERVIX UTERI with respect to its readiness to relax. The cervix normally becomes softer, more flexible, more distensible, and shorter in the final weeks of PREGNANCY. These cervical changes can also be chemically induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Tricuspid Valve: The valve consisting of three cusps situated between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart.Administration, Sublingual: Administration of a soluble dosage form by placement under the tongue.Cardiomyopathies: A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).Intermediate-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels: A major class of calcium-activated potassium channels that were originally discovered in ERYTHROCYTES. They are found primarily in non-excitable CELLS and set up electrical gradients for PASSIVE ION TRANSPORT.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Gastropexy: Surgical fixation of the stomach to the abdominal wall.Balloon Occlusion: Use of a balloon CATHETER to block the flow of blood through an artery or vein.Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Cecal Diseases: Pathological developments in the CECUM.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Vacuum Curettage: Aspiration of the contents of the uterus with a vacuum curette.Duodenoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the duodenum.Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Loeys-Dietz Syndrome: An autosomal dominant aneurysm with multisystem abnormalities caused by increased TGF-BETA signaling due to mutations in type I or II of TGF-BETA RECEPTOR. Additional craniofacial features include CLEFT PALATE; CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS; HYPERTELORISM; or bifid uvula. Phenotypes closely resemble MARFAN SYNDROME; Marfanoid craniosynostosis syndrome (Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome); and EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME.Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.Tunica Media: The middle layer of blood vessel walls, composed principally of thin, cylindrical, smooth muscle cells and elastic tissue. It accounts for the bulk of the wall of most arteries. The smooth muscle cells are arranged in circular layers around the vessel, and the thickness of the coat varies with the size of the vessel.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Mesenteric Arteries: Arteries which arise from the abdominal aorta and distribute to most of the intestines.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Muscle Tonus: The state of activity or tension of a muscle beyond that related to its physical properties, that is, its active resistance to stretch. In skeletal muscle, tonus is dependent upon efferent innervation. (Stedman, 25th ed)Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Vasoconstriction: The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Oxytocics: Drugs that stimulate contraction of the myometrium. They are used to induce LABOR, OBSTETRIC at term, to prevent or control postpartum or postabortion hemorrhage, and to assess fetal status in high risk pregnancies. They may also be used alone or with other drugs to induce abortions (ABORTIFACIENTS). Oxytocics used clinically include the neurohypophyseal hormone OXYTOCIN and certain prostaglandins and ergot alkaloids. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p1157)Forearm: Part of the arm in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
... , also known as esophageal dilatation, is a disorder of the esophagus in humans and other mammals, whereby the ... McAuliffe, Siobhan Brid (2013). "Esophageal dilatation/megaesophagus". Knottenbelt and Pascoe's color atlas of diseases and ... "Esophageal dysfunction in Friesian horses: morphological features". Veterinary Pathology. 52 (6): 1142-7. doi:10.1177/ ... is a marked lack of contraction within the muscles involved in peristalsis with a constant contraction of the lower esophageal ...
Dysphagia Esophageal web Esophageal dilatation Schatzki, Richard; J. E. Gary (December 1953). "Dysphagia due to a diaphragm- ... Symptomatic Schatzki rings may be treated with esophageal dilatation, using bougie or balloon dilators. These have been found ... Schatzki rings can often resemble a related entity called an esophageal web. Esophageal webs also contain extra mucosal tissue ... Bougie dilatation involves passage of long dilating tubes of increasing size down the esophagus to stretch the area of ...
Since that time oesophageal dilatation has been carried out using either bougies or endoscopic balloons, and can be used to ... More recently, balloon dilatation of the oesophageal strictures has become more common. It is thought that this technique ... Dilatation of benign oesophageal strictures using semi-rigid bougies existed long before the advent of flexible endoscopes. ... In addition to oesophageal dilatation, endoscopic balloons can also be used to dilate pyloric strictures. Endoscopic ...
Adjustable gastric band
ICD-10 Chapter XVII: Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities
... is a therapeutic endoscopic procedure that enlarges the lumen of the esophagus. It can be used to treat a ... Complications of esophageal dilatation include the following: Odynophagia, or painful swallowing Hematemesis, or bloody vomit ... Pneumatic dilatation or balloon dilatation is also typically done at the time of endoscopy or fluoroscopy. A balloon is ... "Bacteremia associated with esophageal dilatation". J. Clin. Gastroenterol. 5 (2): 109-12. doi:10.1097/00004836-198304000-00003 ...
Category:Digestive system procedures
Endoscopic dilatation is sometimes required if there is significant narrowing of the esophagus. This is effective in 84% of ... Eosinophils are inflammatory cells that release a variety of chemical signals which inflame the surrounding esophageal tissue. ... and mechanical dilatation of the esophagus. The current recommendation for first line treatment is PPI in lieu of diet as more ... or rings may be seen in the esophageal wall. Sometimes, multiple rings may occur in the esophagus, leading to the term " ...
... in that focal dilatations of a blood vessel are properly referred to as aneurysms Duodenal and jejunal diverticul(um,a): ... due to dysfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter, as in achalasia Diverticula may occur in one of the three areas of the ... in the gallbladder due to chronic cholecystitis Traction esophageal diverticulum: due to scarring from mediastinal or pulmonary ...
There may be dilatation, which is often more pronounced in the second, third and fourth parts. The dilated duodenum may be slow ... As scleroderma progresses, esophageal involvement from abnormalities in decreased motility may worsen due to progressive ... Hendel L, Hage E, Hendel J, Stentoft P (1992). "Omeprazole in the long-term treatment of severe gastro-oesophageal reflux ... The most common source of decreased motility is the esophagus and the lower esophageal sphincter, leading to dysphagia and ...
ICD-10 Chapter XI: Diseases of the digestive system
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (K22) Other diseases of oesophagus (K22.0) Achalasia of cardia (K22.1) Ulcer of oesophagus ( ... Acute dilatation of stomach (K31.1) Adult hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (K31.2) Hourglass stricture and stenosis of stomach ( ... K22.2) Oesophageal obstruction (K22.3) Perforation of oesophagus (K22.4) Dyskinesia of oesophagus (K22.5) Diverticulum of ... oesophagus, acquired (K22.6) Gastro-oesophageal laceration-haemorrhage syndrome (K22.7) Barrett's oesophagus (K22.8) Other ...
Esophageal web in Plummer-Vinson syndrome is found at upper end of esophagus(post cricoid region) and Schatzki ring may be ... Diffuse dilatation of the esophagus without anatomic stenosis (cardiospasm). A report of ninety-one cases. Journal of the ... It is more common in women, particularly in middle age (peak age is over 50). In these patients, esophageal squamous cell ... A case of cardiospasm with dilatation and angulation of the esophagus. Medical Clinics of North America, Philadelphia, PA., ...
List of MeSH codes (C06)
... esophageal MeSH C06.405.117.240 --- esophageal and gastric varices MeSH C06.405.117.260 --- esophageal atresia MeSH C06.405. ... gastric dilatation MeSH C06.405.748.340 --- gastric outlet obstruction MeSH C06.405.748.340.690 --- pyloric stenosis MeSH ... esophageal neoplasms MeSH C06.405.117.468 --- esophageal perforation MeSH C06.405.117.468.524 --- mallory-weiss syndrome MeSH ... esophageal motility disorders MeSH C06.405.117.119.500.204 --- crest syndrome MeSH C06.405.117.119.500.432 --- esophageal ...
Signs of portal hypertension on ultrasound include dilatation of the portal vein of over 13 mm in diameter, a portal flow mean ... Garbuzenko D.V. Current approaches to the management of patients with liver cirrhosis who have acute esophageal variceal ... Oesophageal varices), which may bleed and cause vomiting of blood (haematemesis) Swollen veins on the anterior ... "Pathophysiology of Portal Hypertension and Esophageal Varices". International Journal of Hepatology. 2012: 1-7. doi:10.1155/ ...
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Uyanikoglu A, Akyuz F, Ermis F, Arici S, Bas G, Cakirca M, Baran B, Mungan Z. Does cholecystectomy increase the esophageal ... Pneumatic balloon dilatation in primary achalasia: The long term following results . Hepatogastroenterology. 52:475-80,(2005) ... Akyüz F, Arici S, Ermiş F, Mungan Z. Utility of esophageal manometry and pH-metry in gastroesophageal reflux disease before ... The effect of pneumatic balloon dilatation on gastric emptying in patients with achalasia.Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 Dec;50 ...
... reinforcing the closing function of the lower esophageal sphincter. The esophageal hiatus is also narrowed down by sutures to ... either by endoscopic balloon dilatation or repeat surgery to revise the Nissen fundoplication to a partial ... prevent or treat concurrent hiatal hernia, in which the fundus slides up through the enlarged esophageal hiatus of the ...
This can cause dilatation and weakening of the walls of the ascending aorta. Syphilis only potentially causes aortic dissection ... A TEE may be technically difficult to perform in individuals with esophageal strictures or varices. Play media Aortic ... In addition, a 17% to 25% incidence exists of new aneurysm formation, typically due to dilatation of the residual false lumen. ... Turner syndrome also increases the risk of aortic dissection, by aortic root dilatation. Chest trauma leading to aortic ...
ICD-10 అధ్యాయము 11: జీర్ణవ్యవస్థకు చెందిన వ్యాధులు - వికీపీడియా
... a new definition of the start of active labor from a cervical dilatation of 4 cm to a dilatation of 6 cm; and allowing at least ... of gastric contents and esophageal intubation. However, one trial found no difference in satisfaction when general ... Liabsuetrakul, Tippawan; Peeyananjarassri, Krantarat; Liabsuetrakul, Tippawan (2011). "Mechanical dilatation of the cervix at ...
Esophageal dilatation - Wikipedia
Esophageal dilatation is a therapeutic endoscopic procedure that enlarges the lumen of the esophagus. It can be used to treat a ... Complications of esophageal dilatation include the following: Odynophagia, or painful swallowing Hematemesis, or bloody vomit ... Pneumatic dilatation or balloon dilatation is also typically done at the time of endoscopy or fluoroscopy. A balloon is ... "Bacteremia associated with esophageal dilatation". J. Clin. Gastroenterol. 5 (2): 109-12. doi:10.1097/00004836-198304000-00003 ...
Syncope induced by dysphagia correction by esophageal dilatation | SpringerLink
... is a therapeutic endoscopic procedure that enlarges the lumen of the esophagus. ... Esophageal dilatation is a therapeutic endoscopic procedure that enlarges the lumen of the esophagus. ... It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Esophageal_dilatation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia. ... Bacteremia associated with esophageal dilatation. [J Clin Gastroenterol. 1983 - PubMed Result]. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved ...
Perforations Following Dilatation of Oesophageal Strictures | Thorax
Conservative treatment of corrosive esophageal strictures: A comparative study of endoscopic dilatations and esophageal...
Conservative treatment of corrosive esophageal strictures: A comparative study of endoscopic dilatations and esophageal ... underwent periodic esophageal dilatations; from 1988 to 1990, 7 (group 2) were treated by esophageal stenting. In group 1, a ... Esophageal stenting appeared to reduce by half both the duration of treatment and the number of dilatations required to obtain ... Sato Y, Frey EE, Smith WL, Pringle KC, Soper RT, Franken EA Jr (1988) Balloon dilatation of esophageal stenosis in children. Am ...
PRIME PubMed | Functional outcome after laparoscopic assisted gastric transposition including pyloric dilatation in long-gap...
Functional outcome after laparoscopic assisted gastric transposition including pyloric dilatation in long-gap esophageal ... Endoscopic esophageal substitution for pure esophageal atresia and wide gap esophageal atresia: A report of five cases with ... Functional outcome after laparoscopic assisted gastric transposition including pyloric dilatation in long-gap esophageal ... "Functional Outcome After Laparoscopic Assisted Gastric Transposition Including Pyloric Dilatation in Long-gap Esophageal ...
Anastomotic Strictures after Esophageal Atresia Repair : Timing of Dilatation during the First Two Postoperative Years
... required at least one esophageal dilatation. All children required initial dilatation within the first year of life and none ... required at least one esophageal dilatation. All children required initial dilatation within the first year of life and none ... required at least one esophageal dilatation. All children required initial dilatation within the first year of life and none ... Anastomotic Strictures after Esophageal Atresia Repair : Timing of Dilatation during the First Two Postoperative Years. Salö, ...
Oesophageal dilatation on high-resolution computed tomography scan of the lungs as a sign of scleroderma | Annals of the...
... for oesophageal dilatation and interstitial lung disease.. Results: The positive predictive value of oesophageal dilatation for ... Conclusion: Oesophageal dilatation as visible on an HRCT scan of the chest may alert doctors to look for other signs or ... The objective of this study is to evaluate the predictive value of oesophageal dilatation on the HRCT scan for the diagnosis of ... Oesophageal dilatation on high-resolution computed tomography scan of the lungs as a sign of scleroderma ...
PTU-161 Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on Complications Following Oesophageal Dilatation for Benign Oesophageal Strictures...
PTU-161 Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on Complications Following Oesophageal Dilatation for Benign Oesophageal Strictures ... PTU-161 Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on Complications Following Oesophageal Dilatation for Benign Oesophageal Strictures ... after 1990 reporting on the use of endoscopic dilatation using bougies or balloons in the treatment of beingn oesophageal ... Introduction The incidence of benign oesophageal strictures is 0.5% in patients with dyspeptic symptoms.1 It affects the ...
Esophageal Dilatation Procedure - Digestive Disease Consultants, Ltd.
Esophageal Dilatations - Doctor Sadeghi
Stricture Dilatation Mornington Peninsula | Oesophageal Stricture Rosebud
Stricture dilatation treatment is offered in Mornington Peninsula and Rosebud. ... Benign oesophageal stricture refers to narrowing or tightening of the oesophagus. ... A benign oesophageal stricture is a narrowing or tightening of the oesophagus, caused by long standing oesophageal reflux ... Like all procedures involving dilatation of a tubular structure, a small tear can occur during dilatation and therefore it is ...
HUBB | Dilatation of Esophageal - Duodenal Strictures Dominican Republic
IMSEAR at SEARO: Effectiveness of Endoscopic Balloon Dilatation in Corrosive Esophageal Stricture
Conclusion : Endoscopic balloon dilatation found to be safe, effective and promising treatment for corrosive esophageal ... Effectiveness of Endoscopic Balloon Dilatation in Corrosive Esophageal Stricture. Authors: Shah, Jignesh. Chaudhari, Kaushik. ... Shah Jignesh, Chaudhari Kaushik, Kachhadiya Nilesh . Effectiveness of Endoscopic Balloon Dilatation in Corrosive Esophageal ... The material of study consists of 30 patients of corrosive esophageal stricture undergone endoscopic balloon dilatation. ...
UK guidelines on oesophageal dilatation in clinical practice | Science & Medicine | Медицинский журнал
Oesophageal dilators. 2.1 Use either balloon or wire guided bougie dilators to perform oesophageal dilatation (GRADE of ... Do not perform oesophageal dilatation in patients with active or incompletely healed oesophageal perforation as it may extend ... 3.9 Consider upper oesophageal sphincter dilatation in the treatment of dysphagia with disordered upper oesophageal sphincter ... a) Who should perform dilatation?. Oesophageal dilatation should only be undertaken only by (or under direct supervision of) an ...
UK GUIDELINES ON OESOPHAGEAL DILATATION IN CLINICAL PRACTICE | Science & Medicine | Медицинский журнал
Consider upper oesophageal sphincter dilatation in the treatment of dysphagia with disordered upper oesophageal sphincter ... The dilatation technique. This section describes the general technique of benign stricture dilatation. Achalasia dilatation and ... UK guidelines on oesophageal dilatation in clinical practice. *Влияние препаратов липоевой кислоты на показатели системы крови ... UK guidelines on oesophageal dilatation in clinical practice. *Влияние препаратов липоевой кислоты на показатели системы крови ...
Procedures | Jackson Siegelbaum Gastroenterology
Esophageal Dilatation The esophagus is the long, narrow food tube (gullet) that carries food and liquid from the mouth to the ... Esophageal dilatation is the technique used to stretch or open the blocked portion of the esophagus. ... Esophageal pH The esophagus is the muscular tube that carries food and liquid from the throat to the stomach. However, it is ... Esophageal Manometry The esophagus is the tube that carries food and liquid from the throat to the stomach. Although it seems ...
Gastrointestinal Services | TriHealth
Esophageal Dilatation The esophagus is the long, narrow food pipe (gullet) that carries food and liquid from the mouth to the ... Esophageal dilatation is the technique used to stretch or open the blocked portion of the esophagus. ... Esophageal dilatation is usually performed effectively and without problems. However, some complications can occur. A small ... Esophageal Manometry. Esophageal manometry is a test that records muscle functioning of the esophagus that often is used to ...
Dr. Dhaval Patel, MD - Reviews - Little Rock, AR
Dr. Matthew Gaudet, MD - Reviews - New Orleans, LA
Bariatric Surgery Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Medical Therapy, Surgical Therapy
October 2010 - Volume 51 - Issue 4 : Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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Anaesthesia and Intensive Care A-Z | ElsevierAsia - English
Results in dysphagia and oesophageal dilatation. Concurrent administration of an antimuscarinic agent, e.g. A similar condition ... Disorder of oesophageal motility caused by idio- neuromuscular junction in myasthenia gravis and in the pathic degeneration of ... Patients are at high risk of aspirating oesophageal contents, l Classiﬁcation: and rapid sequence induction must be performed. ... dilatation, but there is, as yet, little evidence of long- of it. For survivors, residual pulmonary impairment is pos- term ...
Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Doctors - Mayo Clinic
Revision Question, Insurance Requirements VBG to.....
Megaesophagus - Wikipedia
Megaesophagus, also known as esophageal dilatation, is a disorder of the esophagus in humans and other mammals, whereby the ... McAuliffe, Siobhan Brid (2013). "Esophageal dilatation/megaesophagus". Knottenbelt and Pascoes color atlas of diseases and ... "Esophageal dysfunction in Friesian horses: morphological features". Veterinary Pathology. 52 (6): 1142-7. doi:10.1177/ ... is a marked lack of contraction within the muscles involved in peristalsis with a constant contraction of the lower esophageal ...
Internal radiotherapy | Oeosphageal cancer] | Cancer Research UK
It can help to treat the symptoms of advanced oesophageal cancer. ... They call this oesophageal dilatation. You have a medicine to ... Oesophageal cancer menu. * Oesophageal cancer starts in the food pipe, also known as your oesophagus or gullet. The oesophagus ... Tests to diagnose oesophageal cancer. Doctors can use these tests to diagnose oesophageal cancer. ... Oesophageal cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. F. Lordick and others. Ann Oncol ...
Eosinophilic Esophagitis Diet, Treatment, Symptoms & Causes
Esophageal dilatation. The treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis is with gentle esophageal dilatation, and medications. The ... Rare cases of esophageal perforations (tears through the entire esophageal wall) also have been reported. Esophageal ... The most common causes of dysphagia for solid food are esophageal strictures and Schatzki (lower esophageal) rings. Esophageal ... While esophageal dilatation has been an effective and usually safe treatment, doctors have observed that some patients with ...
Pharmaceutical composition based on a hepatoprotector and a prebiotic, and production and application thereof - Dikovskiy...
EsophagusDysphagiaDilationTracheo-esophagLower esophageaPerforationStenosisAchalasiaManometryRecurrentEndoscopyStrictures in childrenMotilityStent placementVaricesLumenBalloon or bougieGastricOesophagusEsophagogastroduodenoscopyComplicationsAbsent esophageal movementFistulaBiopsiesPatientsSymptomsAnastomoticPlacementDiffuse esophCaustic esophageal injuryAbnormalEsophagitisFluoroscopic guidanceTypes of esophagealColonicGastroesophagealManagement of esophagealComplicationHigh-resolution computedDistal esophagealCancerStentingBarium swallowBougie dilatationSevere esophagealInitial dilatationStricture Dilatation
- Esophageal dilatation is a therapeutic endoscopic procedure that enlarges the lumen of the esophagus. (wikipedia.org)
- It can be used to treat a number of medical conditions that result in narrowing of the esophageal lumen, or decrease motility in the distal esophagus. (wikipedia.org)
- These include the following: Peptic stricture Schatzki rings Achalasia Scleroderma esophagus Rarely esophageal cancer There are three major classes of dilators: Mercury-weighted bougies are blindly inserted bougies placed into the esophagus by the treating physician. (wikipedia.org)
- Esophageal dilation is a procedure that can open up narrow areas of the esophagus. (drangiehealth.com)
- At the lower end of the esophagus is a specialized muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). (gicare.com)
- Esophageal dilatation is the technique used to stretch or open the blocked portion of the esophagus. (gicare.com)
- BARRX™ is a treatment for Barrett's Esophagus, a precancerous condition that can lead to esophageal cancer. (trihealth.com)
- Megaesophagus, also known as esophageal dilatation, is a disorder of the esophagus in humans and other mammals, whereby the esophagus becomes abnormally enlarged. (wikipedia.org)
- A balloon inserted through an endoscope dilates or expands the esophagus to improve swallowing and reduce pain in patients with advanced esophageal cancer. (dukehealth.org)
- They will begin performing through-the-scope balloon dilatations and wire-guided dilations of the esophagus under supervision. (uhhospitals.org)
- Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a chronic, increasingly recognized disease of the esophagus, clinico-pathologically characterized by a proton-pump-inhibitor resistant, dense esophageal eosinophilia in combination with esophagus-related symptoms. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- To open the esophagus, a balloon dilator is passed through the mouth down to the level of the lower esophageal sphincter, using an endoscope. (medlineplus.gov)
- Esophageal web and strictures or stenosis in the upper to mid third of the esophagus are the diagnostic criteria for gastrointestinal chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). (renalandurologynews.com)
- Esophageal foreign bodies are objects within the esophagus that will not move out without assistance. (petplace.com)
- Esophageal stricture is an abnormal narrowing of the esophagus. (petplace.com)
- Megaesophagus is a decreased or absent esophageal movement that usually results in dilatation (stretching and widening) of the esophagus. (petplace.com)
- Esophageal disease is any disease that effects the esophagus. (petplace.com)
- Esophageal foreign bodies are any object present or remaining within the esophagus. (petplace.com)
- Esophageal neoplasia is cancer of the esophagus. (petplace.com)
- Esophageal fistula is an abnormal tube-like passage between the esophagus and another structure, usually a bronchus. (petplace.com)
- Achalasia (primary achalasia) is a failure of organized esophageal peristalsis causing impaired relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter , and resulting in food stasis and often marked dilatation of the esophagus . (radiopaedia.org)
- Adenocarcinoma arises from the esophageal glands or within a segment of Barrett's esophagus (see below). (emedicinehealth.com)
- Esophageal cancer is a disease where the tissues of the tube-like structure that connects the throat to the stomach (esophagus) become malignant ( cancer ). (emedicinehealth.com)
- Esophageal cancers may be generally termed 'esophagus cancer ' or more specifically termed in relation to their location and type such as 'gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma' (meaning an adenoma located where the stomach and esophagus are connected). (emedicinehealth.com)
- Sigmoidoscopy was normal and oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed narrowing in mid esophagus and multiple esophageal ulcers and webs. (pediatriconcall.com)
- 2 cm), concentric, straight, and allow the passage of a normal diameter endoscope.33 34 Examples include Schatzki's rings, oesophageal webs and peptic strictures.33 34 Overall, one to three dilatation sessions are sufficient to relieve dysphagia in simple strictures. (sciencemedicine.kz)
- Conversely, larger increments may be safely used (4×1 mm or 3×2 mm) in less tight strictures or in those which have completely recurred after the first dilatation session.37 Patients usually need several sessions to achieve resolution of dysphagia and they should be informed of this possibility before the first procedure. (sciencemedicine.kz)
- Other common causes of dysphagia for solid food are esophageal strictures and Schatzki rings. (medicinenet.com)
- Gentle esophageal dilatation is used when meditations fail to relieve dysphagia. (medicinenet.com)
- Patients suffer mainly from dysphagia, a feared long-term complication is the evolution of esophageal stenoses leading to food-bolus impaction that have to be removed endoscopically. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Since the 1950s, several investigators have published reports of patients with dysphagia who had associated lower esophageal ringlike constrictions, but each investigator had a different opinion as to the cause and nature of these rings. (medscape.com)
- Plummer-Vinson or Paterson-Kelly syndrome presents as a classical triad of dysphagia, iron-deficiency anemia and esophageal webs. (researchgate.net)
- In case of significant obstruction of the esophageal lumen by esophageal web and persistent dysphagia despite iron supplementation, rupture and dilation of the web are necessary. (researchgate.net)
- Multiple repeated dilatations are needed to alleviate recurrent symptoms of dysphagia. (sages.org)
- 2) The common gastrointestinal manifestations include dysphagia, esophageal stricture, pyloric stenosis, anal stricture, chronic constipation and fecal impaction. (pediatriconcall.com)
- 8,9) Colonic replacement is advised in recurrent obstruction, recurrent dysphagia and esophageal perforation. (pediatriconcall.com)
- 62 year-old female presented with dysphagia secondary to 4-cm esophageal stricture. (sages.org)
- Even though esophageal metastasis of breast cancer is rare, high index of suspicion should be maintained in patients who presents with dysphagia with history of breast cancer. (sages.org)
- What is esophageal dilation? (drangiehealth.com)
- Patients undergone endoscopic balloon dilation for corrosive oesophageal stricture of various lengths and at different sites. (who.int)
- Balloon catheters with the balloon diameter ranging from 10 to 23 mm (Accent, Cook), identical to the ones used for esophageal dilation, were used. (hindawi.com)
- A database analysis and review of histological slides (retrospective) and a patient questionnaire analysis (prospective) will be conducted in Bern (Switzerland) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of esophageal dilation and its effect on the underlying eosinophilic inflammation in patients with Eosinophilic Esophagitis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Furthermore, there are concerns regarding the risk of the dilation-procedure (possible esophageal perforations and major bleeding). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- An esophagram, or barium swallow, is helpful in evaluating the esophageal lining, detecting the presence of a stricture (narrowing) or dilation. (petplace.com)
- Teich S, Barton DP, Ginn-Pease ME, King DR. Prognostic classification for esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula: Waterston versus Montreal. (springer.com)
- Bicakci U, Tander B, Ariturk E, Rizalar R, Ayyildiz SH, Bernay F. The right-sided aortic arch in children with esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula: a repair through the right thoracotomy. (springer.com)
- There is a marked lack of contraction within the muscles involved in peristalsis with a constant contraction of the lower esophageal sphincter. (wikipedia.org)
- Achalasia can sometimes be treated with medication that helps the lower esophageal sphincter relax. (medlineplus.gov)
- The lower esophageal sphincter fails to relax, either partially or completely, with elevated pressures demonstrated manometrically 4 . (radiopaedia.org)
- Early in the course of achalasia, the lower esophageal sphincter tone may be normal or changes may be subtle. (radiopaedia.org)
- Complications of esophageal dilatation include the following: Odynophagia, or painful swallowing Hematemesis, or bloody vomit Esophageal perforation Mediastinitis Welsh JD, Griffiths WJ, McKee J, Wilkinson D, Flournoy DJ, Mohr JA (April 1983). (wikipedia.org)
- We therefore did a systematic review and metanalysis on complications (bleeding and perforation) associated with endoscopic dilatation. (bmj.com)
- Conclusion This large meta analysis on 18104 patients shows that the risk of perforation and bleeding is low and comparable in both endoscopic guided balloon and bougie dilatations. (bmj.com)
- On the other hand, a recent retrospective study showed that non-adherence to the rule of three did not appear to increase the risk of adverse events, particularly perforation, after oesophageal dilatation using bougie dilators, except for malignant strictures.36 For very tight or long strictures, it may be safer to limit the initial dilatation to one or two size increments (2×1 mm) only. (sciencemedicine.kz)
- In group 1, a mean of 25.1 ± 17.8 months and 19.3 ± 15.8 dilatations were necessary for the stenosis to heal completely. (springer.com)
- Severe (n = 1) or mild (n = 2) anastomotic or pyloric (n = 5) stenosis was resolved with endoscopic dilatations. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Balloon dilatation is a method of choice for treatment of laryngeal stenosis in children. (hindawi.com)
- Failure of dilatation in girl with traumatic stenosis and concomitant severe obstructive lung disease led to repeated tracheostomy. (hindawi.com)
- Balloon dilatation was used for treatment of five children with subglottic laryngeal stenosis (SGS) who suffered from worsening of dyspnea with stridor and would otherwise be indicated for tracheotomy or other optional surgical treatments. (hindawi.com)
- During the past few decades, clinicians have faced difficulties in the treatment of benign central airway stenosis, particularly in dilatation of tracheal stenosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Achalasia dilatation and disease-specific considerations will be discussed in subsequent sections. (sciencemedicine.kz)
- Keywords including achalasia, Heller's myotomy and balloon dilatation were used and relevant articles included. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Achalasia is primarily associated with a degeneration of ganglion cells of Auerbach's plexus resulting in an absence of oesophageal peristalsis and failure of lower oesophageal sphincter relaxation. (biomedsearch.com)
- For patients with swallowing difficulty due to esophageal stricture or achalasia, endoscopic dilatation can be carried out under fluoroscopic guidance. (apollohospitals.com)
- Esophageal manometry, pH studies and rectal manometry, which are available in only limited centers, are done routinely and help not only in diagnosis, but also in deciding which patients with gastroesophageal reflux or achalasia are likely to require surgery. (apollohospitals.com)
- The Case Western Reserve University/University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center Gastroenterology Fellowship Program offers an excellent endoscopic training schedule during the three-year track where fellows learn everything about basic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), capsule endoscopy and non-endoscopicn procedures such as esophageal manometry, breath testing and ambulatory pH monitoring. (uhhospitals.org)
- Moreover, the scars softened after stent placement, allowing safer dilatation of recurrent strictures. (springer.com)
- Recurrent aspiration pneumonia is the most common complication described according to different mechanisms due to spill over of secretions through TEF or esophageal pouch, esophageal dysmotility, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and absence of ciliated epithelium in the trachea which impairs clearance of secretion . (indmedica.com)
- The complications of the surgery include anastomotic leakage and/or complete dehiscence with resultant mediastinal and pleural infection, pneumothorax, oesophageal stricture, gastro-oesophageal reflux and recurrent trachea-oesophageal fistula. (springer.com)
- Pneumatic dilatation or balloon dilatation is also typically done at the time of endoscopy or fluoroscopy. (wikipedia.org)
- In 126 cases (56.7%) esophageal injuries were evidenced on endoscopy, which was always performed within 24 h of the injestion. (springer.com)
- Endoscopic signs of stricture were indications for dilatation because the endoscopy provides more reliable information than X-ray imagining methods. (lu.se)
- By the end of the second year fellows are expected to be competent in the performance of diagnostic and therapeutic upper endoscopy (including esophageal dilatation, except for pneumatic dilatation). (uhhospitals.org)
- During the second endoscopy, two openings were noted in the esophageal lumen at 15 cms. (pediatriconcall.com)
- Our patient was also planned for dilatation following the barium swallow and first endoscopy. (pediatriconcall.com)
- On second endoscopy prior to dilatation, an abnormal second opening was noted. (pediatriconcall.com)
- When should an endoscopy be performed for the evaluation of caustic esophageal injuries and why? (brainscape.com)
Strictures in children2
- Complications After endoscopic balloon dilatation of esophageal strictures in children. (scielo.org.pe)
- Treatment of oesophageal strictures in children: a comparison of fluroscopically guided balloon dilatation with surgical bouginage. (springer.com)
- A benign oesophageal stricture is a narrowing or tightening of the oesophagus, caused by long standing oesophageal reflux disease, oesophagitis, or impaired contraction and motility of the oesophagus and a dysfunctional sphincter at the junction between the stomach and the oesophagus. (rosebudsurgicentre.com)
- Out-patient service that reviews patients with swallowing problems and oesophageal motility disorders. (rlbuht.nhs.uk)
- Abnormalities in esophageal motility leading to repeated aspirations. (pediatriconcall.com)
- In patients with Esophageal tumours, metallic stent placement is done, after dilatation. (apollohospitals.com)
- She also underwent esophageal stent placement 17 mm, 15-cm Polyflex stent with some improvement of symptom but never normal. (sages.org)
- Patient had postoperative anastomotic leak which was managed by esophageal stent placement. (sages.org)
Balloon or bougie3
- The first line of management is balloon or bougie dilatation. (bmj.com)
- These guidelines deal specifically with the dilatation procedure using balloon or bougie devices as a primary treatment strategy for non-malignant narrowing of the oesophagus. (sciencemedicine.kz)
- In treatment, the first-line therapy is dilatation with a balloon or bougie. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Among the options for esophageal replacement in long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA), gastric transposition (GT) is accessible for an endoscopic approach. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Here we report a novel technique and functional results after laparoscopic-assisted gastric transposition (LAGT), including pyloric dilatation in patients with LGEA. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Gastric cancer and other en- doscopic diagnoses in patients with benign dyspepsia. (bmj.com)
- Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. (medscape.com)
- When done properly, dilations of the esophageal-gastric anastomoses can be performed with low morbidity and mortality. (sages.org)
- Dilatation of the oesophagus is a relatively high-risk intervention, and is required by an increasing range of disease states. (sciencemedicine.kz)
- Oesophageal cancer starts in the food pipe, also known as your oesophagus or gullet. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- An oesophageal-pleural fistula refers to an abnormal connection between the oesophagus and pleura . (radiopaedia.org)
- Traditionally, the repair is achieved by an open thoracotomy with an extrapleural approach to repair the tracheo-oesophageal fistula and anastomose the oesophagus that has over the years produced good long-term outcomes. (springer.com)
- The primary goals in treating esophageal disease are to identify and treat the primary disease, provide adequate nutrition, and treat any associated complications. (petplace.com)
- Complications are frequent and include mucosal tears, haematomas and even perforations, usually at the upper oesophageal sphincter. (ueg.eu)
- Thoracic complications of esophageal disorders. (radiopaedia.org)
- Survival of patients with esophageal atresia: influence of birth weight, cardiac anomaly, and late respiratory complications. (springer.com)
- Friedmacher F, Puri P. Delayed primary anastomosis for management of long gap esophageal atresia: a meta-analysis of complications and long-term outcome. (springer.com)
Absent esophageal movement1
- The incidence of esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF was reported to be 1 in 4000-5000 live birth , with both sexes affected equally. (indmedica.com)
- Iatrogenic esophageal-pleural fistula: subtlety of diagnosis in the absence of mediastinitis. (radiopaedia.org)
- Spontaneous esophageal-pleural fistula. (radiopaedia.org)
- A case report of a spontaneous oesophageal pleural fistula. (radiopaedia.org)
- Debate continues with regard best practice and expert management of pure [long-gap] esophageal atresia without fistula, medical vs surgical treatment of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GER), therapies for anastomotic stricture and tracheomalacia. (springer.com)
- Oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesphageal fistula. (springer.com)
- The history of oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesophageal fistula: 1670-1984. (springer.com)
- Waterston DJ, Carter RE, Aberdeen E. Oesophageal atresia: tracheo-oesophageal fistula. (springer.com)
- Holland AJ, Ron O, Pierro A, Drake D, Curry JI, Kiely EM, Spitz L. Surgical outcomes of esophageal atresia without fistula for 24 years at a single institution. (springer.com)
- Familial occurrence of esophageal atresia with and without tracheoesophageal fistula: report of two unusual kindreds. (springer.com)
- A new rodent experimental model of esophageal atresia and tracheosophageal fistula: preliminary report. (springer.com)
- Congenital oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesophageal fistula are one of the anomalies that require expert surgical intervention and commitment for correction to achieve a good long-term outcome. (springer.com)
- The effect of a rightsided aortic arch on outcome in children with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula. (springer.com)
- Wood JA, Carachi R. The right-sided aortic arch in children with oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesophageal fistula. (springer.com)
- Analysis of morbidity and mortality in 227 cases of esophageal atresia and/or tracheoesophageal fistula over two decades. (springer.com)
- Rampersad R., Parikh D. (2018) Congenital Oesophageal Atresia and Tracheo-oesophageal Fistula. (springer.com)
- No significant correlation of oesophageal dilatation and interstitial lung disease was found in the patients with scleroderma or controls. (bmj.com)
- Oesophageal dilatation as visible on an HRCT scan of the chest may alert doctors to look for other signs or symptoms of SSc in these patients, enabling early diagnosis and specific treatment. (bmj.com)
- Introduction The incidence of benign oesophageal strictures is 0.5% in patients with dyspeptic symptoms. (bmj.com)
- A not uncommon presentation to Gastroenterologists is difficulty in swallowing and some patients are found to have oesophageal strictures. (rosebudsurgicentre.com)
- 2.3 Provide all patients with written information on oesophageal dilatation before the procedure and obtain written, signed consent. (sciencemedicine.kz)
- Material and Method: The material of study consists of 30 patients of corrosive esophageal stricture undergone endoscopic balloon dilatation. (who.int)
- Because of the high number of esophageal cancer patients we treat each year, our experience allows us to offer care to patients who may have been considered inoperable elsewhere. (dukehealth.org)
- Physicians and surgeons in our nationally ranked cancer center -- a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center -- work only with esophageal cancer patients. (dukehealth.org)
- Out-patient service that reviews patients with alarm symptoms or suspected to have upper gastro-oesophageal cancer are endoscoped within 2 weeks. (rlbuht.nhs.uk)
- Out-patient service that reviews all patients with newly diagnosed gastro-oesophageal cancer within 1 week and follow up patients with the diagnoses regularly with their personalised treatment plans. (rlbuht.nhs.uk)
- Weekly meeting of surgeons, gastroenterologists, oncologists and specialist nurses where patients with gastro-oesophageal cancer are discussed and personalised investigations and treatment plans are developed. (rlbuht.nhs.uk)
- Forty-eight patients were subjected to repeat dilatation with 35 mm balloon, two of these developed post-procedure perforations with one mortality. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Fortunately, most patients respond well to initial and repeat dilatation therapy. (medscape.com)
- In a retrospective study (2000-2009) that included 18,668 gastrointestinal or esophageal imaging studies in 15,410 children and young adults, Towbin and Diniz found 25 patients (0.2%) with a confirmed diagnosis of Schatzki ring. (medscape.com)
- Phase II-III Study Comparing Radiochemotherapy With the FOLFOX Regimen Versus Radiochemotherapy With 5FU-cisplatin (Herskovic Regimen) in First Line Treatment of Patients With Inoperable Oesophageal Cancer. (knowcancer.com)
- To assess the feasibility of radiochemotherapy comprising oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium (FOLFOX regimen) vs fluorouracil and cisplatin (Herskovic regimen) in patients with inoperable esophageal cancer. (knowcancer.com)
- Esophageal or pharyngeal cancer can develop in 3%-15% of patients with PVS. (researchgate.net)
- In the later group, patients may need to have GT insertion, esophageal suctioning followed by retropleural or transpleural division of TEF , correction of life threatening anomalies and later esophageal anastomosis, which is done through a second thoracotomy (6). (indmedica.com)
- Patients who were diagnosed and had their esophageal anastomosis at KFSH&RC. (indmedica.com)
- At the upper oesophageal sphincter, I inflated lots of air in the stomach and asked the patient to belch it up, attempting to synchronise the withdrawal of the overtube with the patients belch. (ueg.eu)
- Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients who underwent esophageal dilatation after transhiatal esophagectomies. (sages.org)
- Results: There were 99 dilatations performed on 16 patients by a single surgeon between 3/1/2006 and 9/1/2008 (average of 6.2 dilatations per patient, range 1-19). (sages.org)
- Patients were initially randomized to Roux-en-Y surgery, sleeve gastrectomy, or their usual medications without any surgical treatment. (dietdoctor.com)
- Gaudreault P, Parent M, McGuigan MA, Chicoine L, Lovejoy FH Jr (1983) Predictability of esophageal injury from signs and symptoms: a study of caustic ingestion in 378 children. (springer.com)
- Find out where oesophageal cancer can spread and about how treatment can control your symptoms. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Find out how treatments aim to control symptoms when oesophageal cancer is advanced. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- It can help control symptoms of advanced oesophageal cancer. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Balloon dilatation during apneic pause is beneficial to children who had never had a tracheostomy as well as to children who had a tracheostomy previously removed and are experiencing worsening of clinical symptoms. (hindawi.com)
- Certain diagnostic tests must be performed to definitively diagnose esophageal disease and exclude other disease processes that may cause similar symptoms. (petplace.com)
- What Are Symptoms and Signs of Esophageal Cancer? (emedicinehealth.com)
- Symptoms of esophageal cancer usually do not show up until the disease has reached an advanced stage. (emedicinehealth.com)
- Bands were removed in two others as a result of symptoms related to esophageal dilatation. (nih.gov)
Caustic esophageal injury1
- In some cases, it may be the most useful tool in diagnosing certain esophageal diseases, in particular foreign bodies, strictures, and esophagitis. (petplace.com)
- 2 The frequency of esophageal stricture in corrosive esophagitis is 5%, and this ratio increases to 47% in severe cases. (aappublications.org)
Types of esophageal2
- 3 , 4 Centers have proposed various treatment protocols to prevent stricture formation, such as early dilatation before the occurrence of strictures, different types of esophageal stents, and steroid therapy, mostly in combination. (aappublications.org)
- Both types of esophageal cancer more commonly affect men older than 60 years, but risk factors for adenocarcinoma are different from those of squamous cell carcinoma. (emedicinehealth.com)
- The muscular ring, or A ring, is a thickened symmetric band of muscle that forms the upper border of the esophageal vestibule and is located approximately 2 cm above the gastroesophageal junction. (medscape.com)
- Esophageal dilatation, gastroesophageal reflux, and intestinal obstruction have been demonstrated in CDH survivors. (ebscohost.com)
Management of esophageal1
- Find out about tests to diagnose Oesophageal cancer, screening and seeing a specialist. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Doctors can use these tests to diagnose oesophageal cancer. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- You may have these tests after you've been diagnosed with oesophageal cancer. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Treatment options for Oesophageal cancer, how your doctors decide and what to expect. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Find out how, where and when you have chemotherapy for oesophageal cancer and get drug information. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Radiotherapy uses high energy waves similar to x-rays to kill oesophageal cancer cells. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- People with esophageal cancer travel to Duke from all over the U.S. to benefit from our expertise, comprehensive treatment options, and breakthrough research. (dukehealth.org)
- Our team approach to your care means that all three specialists evaluate your esophageal cancer and use their expertise to develop the most thorough and targeted treatment plan possible for you. (dukehealth.org)
- We also understand how esophageal cancer can make it difficult to eat and affect your quality of life. (dukehealth.org)
- It allows optimal characterisation and staging of gastro-oesophageal cancer and other Upper GI Lesions. (rlbuht.nhs.uk)
- What Is Esophageal Cancer? (emedicinehealth.com)
- According to the American Cancer Society and others who treat esophageal cancers, the exact cause or causes of this disease are not known. (emedicinehealth.com)
- What Are the Risk Factors for Esophageal Cancer? (emedicinehealth.com)
- Men are up to five times more likely than women to be diagnosed with esophageal cancer. (emedicinehealth.com)
- How Is Esophageal Cancer Diagnosed? (emedicinehealth.com)
- from 1988 to 1990, 7 (group 2) were treated by esophageal stenting. (springer.com)
- Esophageal stenting appeared to reduce by half both the duration of treatment and the number of dilatations required to obtain complete healing of corrosive stenoses. (springer.com)
- That's why we also offer palliative procedures, such as dilatation and stenting, that help relieve your pain and improve your ability to eat. (dukehealth.org)
- This often occurs secondary to severe esophageal inflammation. (petplace.com)
- It can occur secondary to swallowing blood for any number of reasons, including severe esophageal inflammation, inflammation or ulceration within the mouth or gastrointestinal tract, or any coagulation (clotting) disorder. (petplace.com)
- Is an alkaline chemical or an acidic chemical more likely to cause a severe esophageal injury? (brainscape.com)