Equidae: A family of hoofed MAMMALS consisting of HORSES, donkeys, and zebras. Members of this family are strict herbivores and can be classified as either browsers or grazers depending on how they feed.Perissodactyla: An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.Contraception, Immunologic: Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.Chromosomes, Mammalian: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of MAMMALS.BoliviaHorse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Hybrid Vigor: The adaptive superiority of the heterozygous GENOTYPE with respect to one or more characters in comparison with the corresponding HOMOZYGOTE.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Least-Squares Analysis: A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Wool: The hair of SHEEP or other animals that is used for weaving.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Sheep, Domestic: A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Animals, Inbred Strains: Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.African horse sickness virus: A species of ORBIVIRUS that causes disease in horses, mules, and donkeys. Via its principal vector CULICOIDES, it can also infect dogs, elephants, camels, cattle, sheep, goats, and, in special circumstances, humans.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Lameness, Animal: A departure from the normal gait in animals.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.PortugalHoof and Claw: Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.Colic: A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Dystocia: Slow or difficult OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH.Quantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Hair Color: Color of hair or fur.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
The Equus Survival Trust considers the breed to be "critical", meaning that there are between 100 and 300 active adult breeding ... "Exmoor Pony". American Livestock Breeds Conservancy. Retrieved 2 December 2010. Wynmalen, Henry (1971). Horse Breeding & Stud ... The Exmoor pony is a horse breed native to the British Isles, where some still roam as semi-feral livestock on Exmoor, a large ... Pangaré markings occur in other equines as well as horses, and are considered to be a primitive trait. Entry in the breed ...
The American Cream Draft is a rare draft horse breed, the only such breed developed in the United States that is still in ... "Equus Survival Trust Equine Conservation List" (PDF). Equus Survival Trust. Retrieved 2010-10-23. Harris, Moira C.; Langrish, ... "Identifying the Champagne Colored Horse". International Champagne Horse Registry. Retrieved 2009-06-03. "Horse Coat Color Tests ... "Silver Lace Horse Company" could breed their mares to him. However, his main breeding career coincided with the economic ...
During his breeding career, Sultan's Great Day sired 106 Kentucky State Fair World's Championship Horse Show ribbon winners ... "Horse Stars Hall of Fame-Macademia". Equus Foundation. Retrieved September 8, 2016. Ross Millin. "supremsultanusa". Retrieved 9 ... Among Donna's top breeding selections were daughters of New Yorker, a widely recognized sire of champion Saddlebreds. ... The Kentucky State Fair World's Championship Horse Show is said to be the same "to saddlebreds in August what Churchill Downs ...
Breeds that are considered horses regardless of height include the Arabian horse, American Quarter Horse and the Morgan horse, ... A pony is a small horse (Equus ferus caballus). Depending on context, a pony may be a horse that is under an approximate or ... Other horse breeds, such as Icelandic horse and Fjord horse, may sometimes be pony-sized or have some pony characteristics, ... weighing the relative horse and pony characteristics of a breed. In some breeds, such as the Welsh pony, the horse-versus-pony ...
Equus ferus caballus. Breed. American Saddlebred. Sex. Male. Born. 1857. Near Blue Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, Virginia ... They bred such horses in Virginia then,. Horses that were remembered after death. And buried not so far from Christian ground. ... This article is about Robert E. Lee's horse. For the Quarter Horse foundation sire, see Traveler (horse). For the USC mascot, ... Lee's other horsesEdit. Although the most famous, Traveller was not Lee's only horse during the war: *Lucy Long, a mare, was ...
According to excavations, the major horse breed in Urartu was the normal horse Equus caballus. Especially famous for its horses ... Unlike cattle, horses had a strategic military importance and were used for chariots. Horse breeding was a major occupation in ... The natural conditions of the area were favorable for horse breeding, which was important for the military of the entire region ... Urartu horses were highly valued, e.g. by the king Sargon II, and were a major booty target of Assyrian military campaigns. ...
Equus ferus caballus. The Dartmoor pony is one of the horse breeds that have lived on Dartmoor England for centuries and is ... The Official Horse Breeds Standards Guide: The Complete Guide to the Standards of All North American Equine Breed Associations ... and is thus unique in the living horse breeds.[5]. History[edit]. The bones of prehistoric horses have been found in chamber ... In 1924, the breed society was founded, and a studbook opened.[9] World War I and World War II were devastating to the breed. ...
The Horse. Blood-Horse Publications. Retrieved 2012-09-06. "Breeds that Gait". Equus (359): 52-54. August 2007. "Chapter SB ... Other gaited horse breeds may be able to perform five gaits, and individual horses of breeds not normally noted for possessing ... Individual animals with this ability are often seen in the American Saddlebred horse breed, though the Icelandic horse also has ... Edwards, Gladys Brown (1980). The Arabian: War Horse to Show Horse (Third Revised ed.). Denver, CO: Arabian Horse Trust. ISBN 0 ...
Hoffmann also supported the breeding of Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii) nearby and their reintroduction to their ...
... horses - Rare horse breed proves crucial to delicate ecosystem Horsetalk.co.nz Maas, P.H.J. 2006. Selective breeding. The ... Tarpan - Equus ferus ferus. The Extinction Website. Downloaded at 27 August 2006. Markerink, M., 2002. Koniks, wilde paarden in ... The Konik is a Polish horse breed descending from very hardy horses from the Biłgoraj region. These horses had a predominantly ... Mythologization and perceptions have made a mere Polish farm horse into an allegedly bred-back 'wild horse' and an icon of new ...
Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii) has been reintroduced to Kalamaili by Xinjiang Forestry Department since 2001. ... Xinjiang Wild Horse Breeding Center, Beijing Forestry University, the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., and Princeton ... The population become stable and healthy, and has been breeding and growing in the wild each year. By the end of 2010, the ... Mongolian wild ass (Equus hemionus hemionus), goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa), Eurasian wolf (Canis lupus lupus), red ...
The gold-coloured horses he bred there were some of the finest in the world, and remained so until the mid 20th century. The ... http://www.kinsky.de/ http://www.equus-kinsky.com/. ... breeding programme of the Kinsky horse placed huge importance ... Kinsky was Bohemia's and Europe's most successful horse breeder. In 1834 he expanded the already renowned family stud farm in ... Count Oktavian Kinsky (1813-1896) was a member of the Kinsky dynasty and noted horse breeder. He married Agnes Schaffgotsch ...
... bay mare with a white star bred at the Plantation Stud by her owner Lord Howard de Walden who also bred and raced both of her ... Equus Prime, bay colt, 2010, by Dynaformer. Sold for $550,000 as a yearling but failed to win in four races. Songoficeandfire, ... Other horses descended from Catalpa's grandmother Malcomia have included Bellypha, Triscay (AJC Oaks, Queensland Oaks) and ... Owned and bred Lord Howard de Walden and trained by Henry Cecil she was unraced as a juvenile before winning a maiden race on ...
Lieberman, Bobbie (2007). "Easy Gaited Horses". Equus (359): 47-51.. *^ Equus Staff (2007). "Breeds that Gait". Equus (359): 52 ... Breeds. Main articles: Horse breed, List of horse breeds, and Horse breeding ... Equus zebra; plains zebra, Equus quagga; Grévy's zebra, Equus grevyi; the kiang, Equus kiang; and the onager, Equus hemionus.[ ... is a horse (or any other animal) with a defined pedigree recognized by a breed registry.[165] Horse breeds are groups of horses ...
Phenotype in horse (Equus caballus)". OMIA. Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012. Utrecht ... Standards for the breed are stipulated by the New Forest Pony Breeding and Cattle Society. The maximum height allowed is 14.2 1 ... "About the Breed". The New Forest Pony Breeding and Cattle Society. Retrieved 19 April 2012. See for example: USA, New Forest ... "Breed Standards for The New Forest Pony". The New Forest Pony Breeding and Cattle Society. Retrieved 18 April 2012. Fear 2006, ...
Equus ferus ferus, and to all European primitive or "wild" horses in general. The modern "bred-back" horse breeds are also ... The breeds that resulted included the Heck horse, the Hegardt or Stroebel's horse, and a derivation of the Konik breed, all of ... This horse breed is now called the Konik, which clusters genetically with other domestic horse breeds, including those as ... The tarpan (Equus ferus ferus), also known as Eurasian wild horse, was a subspecies of wild horse. It is now extinct. The last ...
A 2012 DNA study of movement in Icelandic horses, harness racing horse breeds, and mice determined that a mutation on the gene ... The Horse. Retrieved 2014-05-06. Bennett, p. 39 Lieberman, Bobbie. "Easy-Gaited Horses." Equus, issue 359, August, 2007, pp. 47 ... Racking horse, Rocky Mountain Horse, Spotted Saddle horse, and Tennessee Walking Horse. The two-beat lateral pace is also ... A number of horse breeds have observed natural gaited tendencies, including the American Saddlebred, Boerperd, Icelandic horse ...
... and substitutes an attention to individuals and breeds. The wide variety of size, color, shape, and form of domestic horses, ... for example, blurs the distinction among different species of Equus that once were constant and meaningful." Jared Diamond in ... Press "Karakul". Breeds of Livestock. Oklahoma State University. Retrieved 2 October 2017. Price, E (2008). Principles and ... Terrestrial snails are raised for food, while species from several phyla are kept for research, and others are bred for ...
Carrier frequency has been estimated at 7.1% in the Quarter Horse, 8.3% in the Paint Horse, and as high as 26% in Western ... Glycogen storage disease type IV "Testing for Genetic Diseases" Equus 353, pp 40-41. Valberg, SJ; Ward, TL; Rush, B; Kinde, H; ... Using this, breeders can avoid crosses that could produce GBED foals, and eventually selectively breed it out. ... is an inheritable glycogen storage disease affecting American Quarter Horses and American Paint Horses. It leads to abortion, ...
Australian feral camel "Feral horse (Equus caballus) and feral donkey (Equus asinus)" (PDF). Australian Government: Department ... and are living and breeding in the wild. Donkeys originated in Africa and also parts of Asia. They are a part of the family ... When donkeys proved to be invulnerable to the plants that were making the horses sick, more donkeys were brought in. Escape was ... Up until that point, the Australians had been using the horse as their main mode of transportation. However, problems arose ...
... a homozygous lethal condition in the horse (Equus caballus)". Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics. 121 (6): 374-383. doi: ... When the horse is homozygous for recessive extension (or ee), the horse's base coat will be red. Black horses were created with ... A brown based horse with 1 cream gene; Perlino - a brown horse with 2 cream genes; Brown Dun - A brown based horse with at ... Horses with the normal agouti gene have the genotype A/A or A/a. Horses without a normal agouti gene have the genotype a/a, and ...
... and substitutes an attention to individuals and breeds. The wide variety of size, color, shape, and form of domestic horses, ... for example, blurs the distinction among different species of Equus that once were constant and meaningful."[68] ... "Breeds of Livestock. Oklahoma State University. Retrieved October 2, 2017.. *^ Price, Edward O. (2008). Principles and ... horse, donkey, camel).[7][12][18][34][35][36][37] The dog was the first domesticant,[10][11] and was established across Eurasia ...
Equus ferus caballus. The Standardbred is an American horse breed best known for its ability in harness racing, where members ... In 1968, New Zealand-bred Cardigan Bay became the first Standardbred horse ever to win US$1 million, and the ninth horse to do ... The Official Horse Breeds Standards Book: The Complete Guide to the Standards of all North American Equine Breed Associations. ... a b Lynghaug, Official Horse Breed Standards Guide p. 322 *^ Andersson, Lisa; Larhammar (29 August 2012). "Mutations in DMRT3 ...
"Cooperative breeding programme for the Mongolian wild horse Equus przewalskii in the United States". Biological Conservation. ... Przewalski's horse is one of three known subspecies of Equus ferus, the others being the domesticated horse Equus ferus ... Equus przewalskii.. Common names for this equine include takhi,[5] Asian wild horse and Mongolian wild horse,[6] The horse is ... After more than two decades of effort, the Xinjiang Wild Horse Breeding Centre has bred a large number of the horses, of which ...
Breed history[edit]. Yili horses originated around 1900 from Russian breeds crossed with Mongolian stock.[2] Don, and Don- ... Equus ferus caballus. The Yili is a small horse from the north-western Xinjiang region of China. ... "Horse Breeds of the World. International Museum of the Horse. Retrieved November 21, 2010.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ... Yili horses are used for riding and driving, and also bred for their meat and milk.[2] ...
direbda -to be bred. *gabug -infertile. *ingaran -to be called. *jaran zébra -zebra horse (zorse) ... Equus Zébroid (uga ingaran kuldi zébra, jaran zébra, lan bihar zébra) iku anakan saka blasteraning zébra lan ékuwid liyané; ... "Zorse Breed Description". Breeding References. EquinePost. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 2011-07-10.. ...

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