Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Equipment and Supplies: Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.Equipment and Supplies, Hospital: Any materials used in providing care specifically in the hospital.Durable Medical Equipment: Devices which are very resistant to wear and may be used over a long period of time. They include items such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, artificial limbs, etc.Sports Equipment: Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Drug Design: The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Equipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.Surgical Equipment: Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.Disposable Equipment: Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.Equipment Failure: Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.Maintenance: The upkeep of property or equipment.Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Computer-Aided Design: The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Respiratory Protective Devices: Respirators to protect individuals from breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors.Facility Design and Construction: Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.Mouth Protectors: Devices or pieces of equipment placed in or around the mouth or attached to instruments to protect the external or internal tissues of the mouth and the teeth.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Eye Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.United StatesQuestionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Diagnostic Equipment: Nonexpendable items used in examination.Sterilization: The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.Hospital Design and Construction: The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.Dental High-Speed Equipment: Tools used in dentistry that operate at high rotation speeds.Disinfection: Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Decontamination: The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Head Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Needle Sharing: Usage of a single needle among two or more people for injecting drugs. Needle sharing is a high-risk behavior for contracting infectious disease.Syringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Skating: Using ice skates, roller skates, or skateboards in racing or other competition or for recreation.Orthopedic Equipment: Nonexpendable items used in the performance of orthopedic surgery and related therapy. They are differentiated from ORTHOTIC DEVICES, apparatus used to prevent or correct deformities in patients.Anesthesia Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration of functions and activities pertaining to the delivery of anesthetics.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Containment of Biohazards: Provision of physical and biological barriers to the dissemination of potentially hazardous biologically active agents (bacteria, viruses, recombinant DNA, etc.). Physical containment involves the use of special equipment, facilities, and procedures to prevent the escape of the agent. Biological containment includes use of immune personnel and the selection of agents and hosts that will minimize the risk should the agent escape the containment facility.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Software Design: Specifications and instructions applied to the software.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Technology, High-Cost: Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Consumer Product SafetyGloves, Protective: Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.Competitive Bidding: Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.Technology, Radiologic: The application of scientific knowledge or technology to the field of radiology. The applications center mostly around x-ray or radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but the technological applications of any radiation or radiologic procedure is within the scope of radiologic technology.Transportation of Patients: Conveying ill or injured individuals from one place to another.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Electronics, Medical: The research and development of ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES for such medical applications as diagnosis, therapy, research, anesthesia control, cardiac control, and surgery. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Capital Financing: Institutional funding for facilities and for equipment which becomes a part of the assets of the institution.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Epidemiologic Research Design: The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Endoscopes: Instruments for the visual examination of interior structures of the body. There are rigid endoscopes and flexible fiberoptic endoscopes for various types of viewing in ENDOSCOPY.Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Radiation ProtectionEnglandFirst Aid: Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.Great BritainSoftware: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Purchasing, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the purchasing of supplies and equipment.Personnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Animals, LaboratoryMedical Laboratory Science: The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Electricity: The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Self-Help Devices: Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Football: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).Health Facility Administration: Management of the organization of HEALTH FACILITIES.Medical Waste Disposal: Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Cooking and Eating UtensilsHealth Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Computer Systems: Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Nuclear Medicine: A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.Mass Casualty Incidents: Events that overwhelm the resources of local HOSPITALS and health care providers. They are likely to impose a sustained demand for HEALTH SERVICES rather than the short, intense peak customary with smaller scale disasters.Clinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Electric Power Supplies: Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.Airway Management: Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.ComputersAttitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Respiratory Therapy Department, Hospital: Hospital department which is responsible for the administration of diagnostic pulmonary function tests and of procedures to restore optimum pulmonary ventilation.Automation: Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Incubators, Infant: Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Ventilators, Mechanical: Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.Risk Management: The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)Ventilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Schools: Educational institutions.Ambulances: A vehicle equipped for transporting patients in need of emergency care.Biomedical Engineering: Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Skiing: A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.Nuclear Medicine Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and management of nuclear medicine services.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Capital Expenditures: Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Transducers: Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Blood-Borne Pathogens: Infectious organisms in the BLOOD, of which the predominant medical interest is their contamination of blood-soiled linens, towels, gowns, BANDAGES, other items from individuals in risk categories, NEEDLES and other sharp objects, MEDICAL WASTE and DENTAL WASTE, all of which health workers are exposed to. This concept is differentiated from the clinical conditions of BACTEREMIA; VIREMIA; and FUNGEMIA where the organism is present in the blood of a patient as the result of a natural infectious process.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Health Facility Environment: Physical surroundings or conditions of a hospital or other health facility and influence of these factors on patients and staff.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Point-of-Care Systems: Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.Emergency Medical Technicians: Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.Radiation Equipment and Supplies: Instruments and apparatus for radiation applications and their components and associated expendables.Sample Size: The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Universal Precautions: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Needle-Exchange Programs: Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Radiology Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Electromagnetic Fields: Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.Electronics: The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Engineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Orthotic Devices: Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.Medical Errors: Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Computer Communication Networks: A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Emergency Medical Services: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Protein Engineering: Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Sports Medicine: The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.

Energy cost of propulsion in standard and ultralight wheelchairs in people with spinal cord injuries. (1/9738)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Wheelchair- and subject-related factors influence the efficiency of wheelchair propulsion. The purpose of this study was to compare wheelchair propulsion in ultralight and standard wheelchairs in people with different levels of spinal cord injury. SUBJECTS: Seventy-four subjects (mean age=26.2 years, SD=7.14, range=17-50) with spinal cord injury resulting in motor loss (30 with tetraplegia and 44 with paraplegia) were studied. METHOD: Each subject propelled standard and ultralight wheelchairs around an outdoor track at self-selected speeds, while data were collected at 4 predetermined intervals. Speed, distance traveled, and oxygen cost (VO2 mL/kg/m) were compared by wheelchair, group, and over time, using a Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: In the ultralight wheelchair, speed and distance traveled were greater for both subjects with paraplegia and subjects with tetraplegia, whereas VO2 was less only for subjects with paraplegia. Subjects with paraplegia propelled faster and farther than did subjects with tetraplegia. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The ultralight wheelchair improved the efficiency of propulsion in the tested subjects. Subjects with tetraplegia, especially at the C6 level, are limited in their ability to propel a wheelchair.  (+info)

Filter-based coded-excitation system for high-speed ultrasonic imaging. (2/9738)

We have recently presented a new algorithm for high-speed parallel processing of ultrasound pulse-echo data for real-time three-dimensional (3-D) imaging. The approach utilizes a discretized linear model of the echo data received from the region of interest (ROI) using a conventional beam former. The transmitter array elements are fed with binary codes designed to produce distinct impulse responses from different directions in ROI. Image reconstruction in ROI is achieved with a regularized pseudoinverse operator derived from the linear receive signal model. The reconstruction operator can be implemented using a transversal filter bank with every filter in the bank designed to extract echoes from a specific direction in the ROI. The number of filters in the bank determines the number of image lines acquired simultaneously. In this paper, we present images of a cyst phantom reconstructed based on our formulation. A number of issues of practical significance in image reconstruction are addressed. Specifically, an augmented model is introduced to account for imperfect blocking of echoes from outside the ROI. We have also introduced a column-weighting algorithm for minimizing the number of filter coefficients. In addition, a detailed illustration of a full image reconstruction using subimage acquisition and compounding is given. Experimental results have shown that the new approach is valid for phased-array pulse-echo imaging of speckle-generating phantoms typically used in characterizing medical imaging systems. Such coded-excitation-based image reconstruction from speckle-generating phantoms, to the best of our knowledge, have not been reported previously.  (+info)

Ex vivo evaluation of a Taylor-Couette flow, immobilized heparinase I device for clinical application. (3/9738)

Efficient and safe heparin anticoagulation has remained a problem for continuous renal replacement therapies and intermittent hemodialysis for patients with acute renal failure. To make heparin therapy safer for the patient with acute renal failure at high risk of bleeding, we have proposed regional heparinization of the circuit via an immobilized heparinase I filter. This study tested a device based on Taylor-Couette flow and simultaneous separation/reaction for efficacy and safety of heparin removal in a sheep model. Heparinase I was immobilized onto agarose beads via cyanogen bromide activation. The device, referred to as a vortex flow plasmapheretic reactor, consisted of two concentric cylinders, a priming volume of 45 ml, a microporous membrane for plasma separation, and an outer compartment where the immobilized heparinase I was fluidized separately from the blood cells. Manual white cell and platelet counts, hematocrit, total protein, and fibrinogen assays were performed. Heparin levels were indirectly measured via whole-blood recalcification times (WBRTs). The vortex flow plasmapheretic reactor maintained significantly higher heparin levels in the extracorporeal circuit than in the sheep (device inlet WBRTs were 1. 5 times the device outlet WBRTs) with no hemolysis. The reactor treatment did not effect any physiologically significant changes in complete blood cell counts, platelets, and protein levels for up to 2 hr of operation. Furthermore, gross necropsy and histopathology did not show any significant abnormalities in the kidney, liver, heart, brain, and spleen.  (+info)

An animal exposure system using ultrasonic nebulizer that generates well controlled aerosols from liquids. (4/9738)

Various aerosol generators have been developed for animal inhalation experiments and the performance tests of measuring instruments and respirators. It has been, however, difficult to generate aerosols from an aqueous solution or suspension keeping the concentration and particle size distribution constant for a long time. Resolving such difficulties, the present study developed an animal exposure system that generates well-controlled and stable aerosols from liquids. The exposure system consists of an aerosol generator using ultrasonic nebulizer, a mixing chamber and an exposure chamber. The validity of this system was confirmed in the generation of NiCl2 and TiO2 aerosol from solution and suspension, respectively. The concentration levels of NiCl2 aerosol were kept at 3.2 mg/m3 and 0.89 mg/m3 for 5 hours with good coefficients of variation (CVs) of 2.5% and 1.7%, respectively. For TiO2 aerosol, the concentration levels of 1.59 mg/m3 and 0.90 mg/m3 were kept for 5 hours with small CVs of 1.3% and 2.0%, respectively. This exposure system could be sufficiently used for inhalation experiments with even high toxic aerosols such as NiCl2 because a momentary high concentration possibly affects results and an extremely stable concentration is required.  (+info)

Penetrating sledding injuries to the lower torso--2 case reports. (5/9738)

Sledding accidents are frequent and vary in severity. Penetrating sledding injuries are uncommon but may be devastating. Snow-racers--sleds with both steering and braking devices--may be associated with an increased rate of injury. The authors present 2 cases of lower-torso penetrating trauma associated with the use of snow-racers. Both cases involved penetration--of the perineum in one case and the inguinal area in the other--by wooden sticks. Both patients recovered fully after prompt surgical intervention. The authors suggest that the absence of a protective panel at the front of the snow-racer may result in the sledder's lower torso being more exposed to objects encountered while sledding. The injuries reported raise concerns about the safety of modern sleds and the possibility that design changes are needed.  (+info)

Balloon-artery interactions during stent placement: a finite element analysis approach to pressure, compliance, and stent design as contributors to vascular injury. (6/9738)

Endovascular stents expand the arterial lumen more than balloon angioplasty and reduce rates of restenosis after coronary angioplasty in selected patients. Understanding the factors involved in vascular injury imposed during stent deployment may allow optimization of stent design and stent-placement protocols so as to limit vascular injury and perhaps reduce restenosis. Addressing the hypothesis that a previously undescribed mechanism of vascular injury during stent deployment is balloon-artery interaction, we have used finite element analysis to model how balloon-artery contact stress and area depend on stent-strut geometry, balloon compliance, and inflation pressure. We also examined superficial injury during deployment of stents of varied design in vivo and in a phantom model ex vivo to show that balloon-induced damage can be modulated by altering stent design. Our results show that higher inflation pressures, wider stent-strut openings, and more compliant balloon materials cause markedly larger surface-contact areas and contact stresses between stent struts. Appreciating that the contact stress and contact area are functions of placement pressure, stent geometry, and balloon compliance may help direct development of novel stent designs and stent-deployment protocols so as to minimize vascular injury during stenting and perhaps to optimize long-term outcomes.  (+info)

Endovascular stent graft repair of aortopulmonary fistula. (7/9738)

Two patients who had aortopulmonary fistula of postoperative origin with hemoptysis underwent successful repair by means of an endovascular stent graft procedure. One patient had undergone repeated thoracotomies two times, and the other one time to repair anastomotic aneurysms of the descending aorta after surgery for Takayasu's arteritis. A self-expanding stainless steel stent covered with a Dacron graft was inserted into the lesion through the external iliac or femoral artery. The patients recovered well, with no signs of infection or recurrent hemoptysis 8 months after the procedure. Endovascular stent grafting may be a therapeutic option for treating patients with aortopulmonary fistula.  (+info)

Retrograde esophageal balloon dilatation for caustic stricture in an outpatient clinic setting. (8/9738)

Caustic injury to the esophagus, with resultant esophageal stricture, is a challenge for the surgeon. These strictures require multiple esophageal dilatations, which are usually performed under general anesthesia and frequently under fluoroscopic control. Because of the risks of multiple general anesthetics and frequent radiation, a technique is described for retrograde esophageal balloon dilatation in an outpatient clinic setting without a general anesthetic or fluoroscopic control.  (+info)

  • The second approach is to find appropriate ways to encapsulate the equipment in the installation, preventing it from interacting with the explosive atmosphere. (
  • The third and last approach is to construct equipment that is designed not to behave in a hazardous way. (
  • Not only does this approach make it difficult to reduce equipment size, it also is less than ideal for optimizing channel count for critical sensors and actuators. (
  • This approach is very straightforward with FPGAs, but difficult to implement with off-the-shelf ASSPs that are not designed with the requirements of the medical market in mind. (
  • The answer is to design the system so that the LCD and control logic are placed into power-savings mode whenever possible, greatly reducing battery drain. (
  • Intrinsically safe equipment is composed of intrinsically safe circuits that neither give sparks energetic enough to ignite an explosion, nor do they consume power high enough to heat surfaces to a dangerous level. (
  • When designing moorings, experiments or providing deck equipment for use on MBARI vessels, the owner shall design or provide equipment that incorporates these standards for safety factors and best practices. (
  • Heave compensator is a system that mitigates transmission of heave movement from vessels to the equipment in the vessel. (
  • With close to 50 years of experience in the fishing industry, a substantial reference list of equipment deliveries and in excess of 250 fishing vessels built to its designs, Wärtsilä has a unique know-how and expertise, backed by a truly global footprint. (
  • This new series of vessels represents a new generation of krill fishing solutions and we are grateful to Wärtsilä for producing a design that fully meets our needs. (
  • In a lot of cases, this 'something' is ASCE 7 since it has sections that were specifically written to act as seismic design criteria for things like pressure vessels and tanks, plus it ties into the various design codes that are usually in play for this type of structure (i.e. (
  • ASME or ASCE specific design codes for pressure vessels, tanks, and the like). (
  • 394 - Seismic Design and Retrofit of Equipment and Piping has been added to your cart. (
  • PD394 - Seismic Design and Retrofit o. (
  • Several National Standards and regulations (such as the National Hazard Reduction Program -NEHRP by FEMA, the ASME and UBC Codes) have recently introduced explicit requirements for the seismic design or retrofit of critical plant and facility systems and equipment. (
  • Each participant will receive a copy of the B31E - 2008 Standard for the Seismic Design and Retrofit of Above-Ground Piping Systems and ASCE 7-10 - Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures Standard. (
  • The NBCC is reasonably set up for seismic design of buildings and non-building structures similar to buildings, but falls pretty short on other non-building structures, and some non-structural attachments. (
  • This includes equipment procurement, initiation of work requests with FMD when infrastructure work is needed, provision of required networks, installation of all equipment by our technical team, system testing, and user training. (
  • Furniture, Equipment, and Design planning and procurement play a significant role in any new construction and renovation project. (
  • Most ingress and egress injuries on front-end loaders occur on equipment with vertical ladders. (
  • The winners are the Case IH Autonomous Concept Tractor and the CASE G Series Wheel Loaders, both of which have been designed by CNH Industrial's in-house Industrial Design Center and developed together with the Company's Innovation and Engineering teams. (
  • Dump trucks, excavators, loaders and dozers are all designed to handle bulk materials that can vary in shape and form, from large quarry rocks to cohesive soils or abrasive ores. (
  • Special thanks to the incredible jury team who worked on judging this year's Products/Equipment category! (
  • Built on the principles of making superior quality products, Future Play creates a diverse product line of playground equipment for both commercial and residential applications. (
  • As Occupational Therapists, the founders of Rehabmart have the breadth of knowledge and experience necessary to match the needs of its customers with the very latest innovative products in the field of medical supplies and rehabilitation equipment. (
  • All products can also be customized to meet individual customer design requirements. (
  • R.E.A.L. Design™ is committed to enhancing their products with a creative and aesthetic quality not normally associated with adaptive technology, and they are downright serious about making their products playful. (
  • They reason that if play is the 'work' of children, then those needs should be addressed in the products specifically designed for children. (
  • Incorporated in 1994 in the foothills of New York State's Adirondack Park, R.E.A.L. Design™ researches, designs and manufactures products for children with special needs. (
  • Not only are the products from R.E.A.L. Design™ well constructed and functional, but they are also exciting to look at, and fun to interact with for children of all ages and abilities. (
  • All of the pediatric therapy equipment from R.E.A.L. Design™ features bright colors, playful shapes and rounded contours that make the products fun to use and have around. (
  • We are delighted to offer these high quality products created by R.E.A.L. Design™ for children with special needs to more consumers," said Hulet Smith, Founder and CEO of Rehabmart. (
  • Reduced risk, due to integration between the products and design. (
  • To ensure safe food and adequate sanitation programs, the equipment used for processing and handling food products must be designed, fabricated, constructed, and installed according to sound sanitary design principles. (
  • This ensures the equipment can be adequately cleaned and sanitized, and that surfaces are resistant to daily exposure to corrosive food products and cleaning/sanitizing chemicals. (
  • Experts in design who have written over 30 internationally bestselling books on the subject, both also believe that choosing to buy well-designed products is one of the most important strategies at our disposal in solving the world's environmental problems. (
  • says Charlotte Fiell, "So we have decided to find the best-designed kitchen products available from around the globe and compile them in one ultimate guide. (
  • All Verified medical equipment design companies suppliers & medical equipment design companies manufacturers have passed our Business License Check, they can provide quality medical equipment design companies products. (
  • With a large selection of glassware , china , silverware , restaurant equipment supplies , kitchen products , bar supplies , janitorial supplies , disposables and much, much more we have what you're looking for! (
  • A unique aft ship design , the combination of an optimized hull and a propulsion system incorporating the world's most efficient engine, makes this Stern Trawler different from anything ever seen before in this market segment. (
  • METSTRADE is the world's leading platform for professionals in the leisure marine equipment industry. (
  • This global business platform and community focuses on innovation, market developments and on-site networking and knowledge events such as the METSTRADE show, the world's largest leisure marine equipment trade show. (
  • In addition to delivering the world's most innovative lift trucks and material handling equipment solutions, Crown also offers warehouse solutions - design/planning along with equipment and supplies - to optimize your operations. (
  • Background on developmental processes and activities illustrates a range of considerations for adapting terrestrial equipment and activities to foreign environments. (
  • Dedicated to an investigation of contemporary tools and their intersection with craft-based processes of production, the studio has been commissioned by culture-driven clients such as Issey Miyake, Warp Records, and the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and currently produces designs for the new American furniture label MatterMade. (
  • Successful industrial-scale separation of solids from liquids requires not only a thorough understanding of the principles involved, but also an appreciation of which equipment to use for best effect, and a start-to-finish plan for the various processes involved in the operation. (
  • Steel Heat Treatment: Equipment and Process Design presents the classical perspectives that form the basis of heat treatment processes while incorporating detailed descriptions of the latest advances since the 1997 publication of the first edition. (
  • The book features thoroughly updated and new information, most notably in the chapters on vacuum heat processing, designing quench processes, laser hardening, and metallurgical property testing. (
  • Engineering-centric businesses face a number of challenges today, but unmanageable design and change processes don’t need to be counted among them. (
  • Carter, J., "Operator Seating: Design Trends and Requirements for Earthmoving Equipment," SAE Technical Paper 730434, 1973, . (
  • Eichstadt, F., "Space Station Freedom Deployable Medical Equipment Design and Development," SAE Technical Paper 932217, 1993, . (
  • Julie Lasky Editor of Change Observe r Julie Lasky contributes to Design Observer , a website about design and visual culture and is Editor of its Change Observer channel devoted to design and social innovation. (
  • Every element of the cab of this latest generation range has been designed to provide an automotive feel with industrial performance thanks to its enhanced styling, superior comfort, ergonomy, practical innovation and instinctive technology. (
  • R.E.A.L. (Rehab and Educational Aids for Living) is a design-driven company focused on innovation and in working closely with therapists, parents and other caregivers in all phases of development, from concept prototype to final production. (
  • For 29 years, it has focused attention on the art and science of design in all aspects, from styling, functionality and innovation, through to ease of implementation, practicality of use - and even packaging. (
  • Rama Chorpash Industrial Designer and Director of Product Design at Parsons the New School for Design Rama Chorpash Design focuses on the exchange between people and everyday things. (
  • Experimental design focuses on describing or explaining the multifactorial interactions that are hypothesized to reflect the variation. (
  • One of two self-contained volumes belonging to the newly revised Steel Heat Treatment Handbook, Second Edition, this book focuses on process design, equipment, and testing used in steel heat treatment. (
  • Improvements that address noise reduction, energy efficiency, eco-friendly design and reliability are pivotal for HVAC manufacturers trying to get ahead of the competition by using simulation. (
  • Addressing the common problems that researchers encounter when designing and analysing animal experiments will improve the reliability of in vivo research. (
  • Leading healthcare providers, construction teams, and architectural firms now rely on EllisDon's Furniture, Equipment, and Design service to optimize, plan, and procure facility assets for the largest and most complex P3 projects. (
  • Design complex industrial equipment quickly, while verifying strength, durability, and performance so you can outpace competitors by creating better machines at a lower cost with SOLIDWORKS® product development solutions. (
  • Have Questions about SOLIDWORKS for Industrial Equipment? (
  • Accelerate the rate of success in the Industrial Equipment industry with SOLIDWORKS and its portfolio of solutions. (
  • German company Rev produces and sells light equipment: household and industrial light bulbs, spotlights, landscape lamps, LED flashlights and much more. (
  • The result is a comprehensive book which is designed to be used frequently and referred to regularly in order to achieve better industrial separations. (
  • On behalf of the entire Design Center, we are honored to have been recognized with two Good Design ® awards," said David Wilkie, Head of the CNH Industrial Design Center. (
  • This is a reflection of the dedication of our team, as we strive to look beyond the conventions of industrial design and challenge ourselves and the industry to consider new and dynamic solutions for sectors such as agriculture and construction in this case. (
  • The Chicago Athenaeum Museum of Architecture and Design and Metropolitan Arts Press Ltd. present the Museum's annual GOOD DESIGN® Awards Program for the most innovative and cutting-edge industrial, product, and graphic designs produced around the world. (
  • This book covers the basic principles of heat treatment and the equipment used in modern industrial settings. (
  • The method is applied to the problem of protecting industrial equipment in the vicinity of an active fault. (
  • The idea that an industrial container used to transport heavy-duty equipment could be redesigned as a beautiful object won the jurors' enthusiastic appreciation. (
  • Our expertise in production equipment design enables us to offer concrete solutions aimed at achieving a sustainable balance between industrial and societal needs via the development of economically efficient, ecologically responsible and sustainable technologies. (
  • Machine tool design (analysis, advice and design): industrial expertise in the analysis and design of highly efficient machine structures, the analysis of their behaviour and the rationalisation of their implementation. (
  • Special equipment (study, development and creation): capacity to study, develop and create complex and innovative mechatronic mechanisms in an industrial production environment, thanks, in particular, to real-time measurement expertise. (
  • NEMO was founded by Cam Brensinger in 2002, while studying industrial design at the Rhode Island School of Design. (
  • Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) is an extremely competitive industry, and the main pressure is to design more effective equipment at a faster rate. (
  • The main parts of the welding equipment are located inside a hot cell, while the electronic parts are separated for installation outside a hot cell. (
  • The main issue in designing playgrounds is to provide challenging and fun activities while also providing for the safety of the children using the playground. (
  • Use the shapes library Bathroom to draw the bathroom furniture and equipment layouts and bathroom interioir plans using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software. (
  • Productivity tools such as automatic contact detection offer an easy way to set up testing, giving designers more time to focus on design decisions. (
  • From life-saving medical equipment to stylish retail tools, this year's honorees cover all types of situations, making this consistently one of the most well-received categories of the program. (
  • ConceptDraw DIAGRAM v12 extended with Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area is a powerful chemistry drawing software that provides the useful tools to help you design all kinds of chemistry drawings and illustrations, chemical schemes and diagrams of formulas, reaction schemes and lab set-ups of any complexity. (
  • Essential Equipment for the Kitchen is a book about "ultimates"--the ultimate tools designed for the kitchen, from potato peelers to cheese graters--well-designed and beautiful objects that have superior performance and durability. (
  • The Crew Health Care System (CHeCS) Health Maintenance Facility(HMF) provides deployable medical equipment specifically suited to the peculiarities of this mission. (
  • This technical paper presents an overview of Space Station Freedom deployable medical equipment design, development, and projected use. (
  • CHeCS portable medical equipment development has presented many unique challenges. (
  • But spending for new machinery and equipment - about 80 percent of the business investment total, and a leading indicator of future nonresidential building and reconstruction work - has contracted at about a 3 percent annualized rate over the past six months. (
  • The developed software tool provides a component-based representation of the noise situation of machinery and equipment. (
  • These playground sets are built to last and so durable, they are designed to be used and enjoyed by multiple generations. (
  • Unlike wood playgrounds which need to be refinished annually, costing several hundred dollars per year, the playground equipment from Future Play has no annual maintenance requirement. (
  • We are delighted to introduce more consumers to this fabulous and fun playground equipment from Future Play," said Hulet Smith, Founder and CEO of Rehabmart. (
  • For manufactured playground equipment, the International Play Equipment Manufacturers Association (IPEMA) offers third-party certification as an indication of a manufacturer's product meeting one of the ASTM standards listed above or the Canadian equivalent. (
  • Knowing how and by what means the playground will be maintained may also affect many planning and design decisions. (
  • While not all zones may be incorporated into the final design, a pre-design discussion about each zone will generate unique and situationally responsive playground designs. (
  • Looking for Playground Equipment pros in Brantford? (
  • Coen Car is a concept design by Nendo that envisions children playing with a fleet of autonomous vehicles that function as pieces of mobile and interactive playground equipment. (
  • The Institute of Structures and Design holds a CNC controlled coordinates measuring device to survey norm surfaces and freeforms. (
  • Environmentally friendly and designed with safety in mind, these Future Play playgrounds create a safe and popular place for children to play. (
  • Key factors influencing management decisions concerning safety equipment selection. (
  • Selection of construction safety equipment is crucial in ensuring workers' saf. (
  • For home playgrounds, refer to the safety tips for home playgrounds and equipment that have been issued by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics . (
  • Not only is the design fairly indestructible-the team puts it through a rigorous abuse test-the light is powered by a rechargeable battery attached to a belt or pocket via flexible, safety-release cord. (
  • The AI technology suggests new ways to play based on similar situations it has learnt from in the past, while the driverless element of the equipment works to ensure the children's safety. (
  • Given that the Mobile Booster provides extra capacity in the event that drinking-water transport systems fail, it was imperative that the container design silently communicate a message of safety and purity. (
  • A microbiological safety cabinet is probably the most important piece of equipment for cell culture since, when operated correctly, it will provide a clean working environment for the product, whilst protecting the operator from aerosols. (
  • The US Department of Agriculture (USDA)/Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS) pre-approves equipment for use in meat, poultry, and egg product facilities (FSIS 2004). (
  • University of Dayton civil engineering students will now learn about intersection design and safety with state-of-the-art equipment generously donated by Path Master, a Twinsburg, Ohio-based traffic management equipment supplier. (
  • Children can use these spikes to climb on and over the piece of equipment. (
  • The use of phosphoric acids to clean welds and sometimes the entire piece of equipment removes the aluminum oxide layer and usually results in corrosion. (
  • Please note that a full induction must be carried out in conjunction with one of the Technical team before you are allowed to use any piece of equipment. (
  • I will review a change in the equipment used to compare and analyze firearms evidence, genetic analyzers used in DNA analysis, and a piece of equipment which tests toxicology samples. (
  • Ubiquitous in DNA/Forensic Biology departments, the genetic analyzer is the second piece of equipment I'd like to discuss. (
  • and (4) cost-effective and optimal design configurations are disclosed. (
  • It provides engineers with crucial engineering insight into how materials will interact with their equipment during a range of operating conditions and enable them to use realistic loads in Finite Element Analysis and Multi-body Dynamics simulations for optimal designs. (
  • If I'm specifying the design for something like this, I'll call out ASCE 7 as the design code on the drawing and convert all the appropriate local environmental factors into the ASCE 7 equivalents. (
  • The Guardian2 Site Boundary Monitor is designed to help you remain compliant with site emission levels, using remote monitoring and reporting of noise, dust and vibration levels. (
  • Umeâ Institute of Design student Philip Normand Andersen pulls the strain off of the worker with an ergonomic wheel-arm, anti-vibration handles and a vibration monitoring app. (
  • The NSF and 3A have recently collaborated in standards development for meats and poultry equipment (3-A/NSF 15159) which has been under review by an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) working group. (
  • Overall, the design solutions are clever, mature and very well integrated. (
  • It's a small detail, but Motorola Solutions & Design has introduced an option that offers a bit of customized style without compromising performance. (
  • We are confident that the Wärtsilä design and equipment solutions fully meet our needs. (
  • See how Autometrix software (Eclipse and PatternSmith) and hardware solutions work together perfectly to design, nest, mark, and cut patterns from Sunbrella acrylic fabric for a beautiful awning. (
  • See how Autometrix software (PatternSmith and Pipes 3D) and hardware solutions work together perfectly to quickly design an insulation blanket for a pipe fitting, and then mark and cut the patterns from both the insulation material and the cover. (
  • See how Autometrix software (PatternSmith and CadShot) and hardware solutions work together perfectly to design, nest, mark, and cut patterns for automotive style seat covers. (
  • See how Autometrix software (PatternSmith) and hardware solutions work together perfectly to quickly design, nest, and cut the parts for a typical spa cover. (
  • Provide housekeeping supplies at a designated and marked location in the parking area to allow workers to remove contaminants from the equipment. (
  • Provide boot brushes and boot cleaning stations on the ground near mobile equipment to help workers remove any contaminants from boots prior to getting on equipment. (
  • Each instructor will provide the SMAD technology manager with a course roster, contact information for each student and a list of the equipment students are allowed to checkout. (
  • For the whole equipment,warranty is 12 months,within 12 months,if have equipment quality problems,we will provide accessories freely. (
  • After the expiration of the warranty period,if have spare parts problem,we only receive the cost of required replacement parts.We commit we will provide free technical support of equipment all whole life. (
  • We're an online magazine dedicated to covering the best in international product design. (
  • Simulation Driven Product Development using ANSYS software allows designers to analyze the performance of their equipment in a variety of scenarios, without having to build physical prototypes during the preliminary design stages. (
  • This end-user involvement in product development gives R.E.A.L. Design™ a firsthand understanding of the issues that need to be addressed in designing pediatric therapy equipment. (
  • The key product differentiator is evident at a glance, while other improvements to the equipment are subtly integrated into the precise and sturdy form. (
  • We listed the preferred product characteristics and sought to translate them into a physical design. (
  • Non-product contact surfaces are those that are part of the equipment (e.g., legs, supports, housings) that do not directly contact food. (
  • To be nominated and then to win a DAME Category and attain the ultimate prize of DAME Award Overall Winner marks a product as being at the pinnacle of design practice in the industry. (
  • A plumber is someone who installs or repairs piping systems, plumbing fixtures and equipment such as water heaters and backflow preventers. (
  • Use the design elements library "Plumbing" for drawing plumbing and piping plans, schematic diagrams and blueprints of waste water disposal systems, and hot and cold water supply systems using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software. (
  • In this webinar, learn more about EDEM software and how it can be used for the design, performance testing, and optimization of mining and construction equipment. (
  • While there are subtle differences between these standards, the primary intent of each organization is the application of sound sanitary principles in food equipment manufacture. (
  • The concept is designed with an accompanying app that allows users to keep informed about where the vehicles are driving to and what time they are arriving at nearby parks. (
  • This is not the first time Nendo has steered its design towards kids. (
  • Returning equipment late a second time will result in the forfeiture of the student's permission to check out equipment. (
  • Currently, my date and times are in one page and the list of equipment is not shown as it simpy fetches which equipment is availble on the chosen date and time. (
  • Many of the objects featured in Essential Equipment for the Kitchen are design classics that have stood the test of time and are still in production--from the Le Creuset Volcanic Casserole to the Dualit Combi Toaster--all examples of much-loved objects that look good and perform well. (
  • In this article I will review a few pieces of equipment which have changed over time and how lab design has been adapted to meet those changes. (
  • Designing a sustainable building was a given, not only because of the region's appreciation for the natural environment, but also because we recognize that sustainable buildings reduce life cycle costs if they're designed properly," said Dan Riordan, revitalization supervisor for the city of Salem. (