1984 accident in Bhopal, INDIA at a PESTICIDES facility, resulting when WATER entered a storage tank containing ISOCYANATES. The following accidental chemical release and uncontrolled reaction resulted in several thousand deaths.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The application of STATISTICS to biological systems and organisms involving the retrieval or collection, analysis, reduction, and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
Evidence-based nursing, midwifery and healthcare grounded in research and scholarship. Practitioners include nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The combined effects of genotypes and environmental factors together on phenotypic characteristics.
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The child who is not wanted by one or both parents.
A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.
Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
Mental disorders related to sexual dysfunction, paraphilias, and gender identity disorders.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.
The educational process of instructing.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
A structure found in plants, fungi, and algae, that produces and contains spores.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A species of gram-negative bacteria, in the family Aeromonadaceae. It is strictly parasitic and often pathogenic causing FURUNCULOSIS in SALMONIDS and ulcer disease in GOLDFISH.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs singly, in pairs, or in short chains. Its organisms are found in fresh water and sewage and are pathogenic to humans, frogs, and fish.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
A persistent skin infection marked by the presence of furuncles, often chronic and recurrent. In humans, the causative agent is various species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS. In salmonid fish (SALMONIDS), the pathogen is AEROMONAS SALMONICIDA.
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
Addition of methyl groups to DNA. DNA methyltransferases (DNA methylases) perform this reaction using S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE as the methyl group donor.
Areas of increased density of the dinucleotide sequence cytosine--phosphate diester--guanine. They form stretches of DNA several hundred to several thousand base pairs long. In humans there are about 45,000 CpG islands, mostly found at the 5' ends of genes. They are unmethylated except for those on the inactive X chromosome and some associated with imprinted genes.
Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.
Addition of methyl groups. In histo-chemistry methylation is used to esterify carboxyl groups and remove sulfate groups by treating tissue sections with hot methanol in the presence of hydrochloric acid. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Inorganic salts of sulfurous acid.

Does risk factor epidemiology put epidemiology at risk? Peering into the future. (1/5889)

The multiple cause black box paradigm of the current risk factor era in epidemiology is growing less serviceable. This single level paradigm is likely to be displaced. The signs are that the growing strength of molecular epidemiology on the one side, and of a global epidemiology based on information systems on the other, will come to dominate epidemiology and segregate it into separate disciplines. At the same time, the links with public health interests grow weaker. A multilevel ecoepidemiology has the potential to bind these strands together.  (+info)

A method for calculating age-weighted death proportions for comparison purposes. (2/5889)

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a method for calculating age-weighted death proportions (wDP) for comparison purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A methodological study using secondary data from the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1980-1994) was carried out. First, deaths are weighted in terms of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years. Then, in order to eliminate distortion of comparisons among proportions of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years (pYPLL-100), the denominator is set to that of a standard age distribution of deaths for all causes. Conventional death proportions (DP), pYPLL-100, and wDP were calculated. RESULTS: Populations in which deaths from a particular cause occur at older ages exhibit lower wDP than those in which deaths occur at younger ages. The sum of all cause-specific wDP equals one only when the test population has exactly the same age distribution of deaths for all causes as that of the standard population. CONCLUSION: Age-weighted death proportions improve the information given by conventional DP, and are strongly recommended for comparison purposes.  (+info)

The meaning and use of the cumulative rate of potential life lost. (3/5889)

BACKGROUND: The 'years of potential life lost' (YPLL) is a public health measure in widespread use. However, the index does not apply to the comparisons between different populations or across different time periods. It also has the limit of being cross-sectional in nature, quantifying current burden but not future impact on society. METHODS: A new years-lost index is proposed-the 'cumulative rate of potential life lost' (CRPLL). It is a simple combination of the 'cumulative rate' (CR) and the YPLL. Vital statistics in Taiwan are used for demonstration and comparison of the new index with existing health-status measures. RESULTS: The CRPLL serves the purpose of between-group comparison. It can also be considered a projection of future impact, under the assumption that the age-specific mortality rates in the current year prevail. For a rare cause of death, it can be interpreted as the expected years (days) of potential life lost during a subject's lifetime. CONCLUSIONS: The CRPLL has several desirable properties, rendering it a promising alternative for quantifying health status.  (+info)

Influence of sampling on estimates of clustering and recent transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis derived from DNA fingerprinting techniques. (4/5889)

The availability of DNA fingerprinting techniques for Mycobacterium tuberculosis has led to attempts to estimate the extent of recent transmission in populations, using the assumption that groups of tuberculosis patients with identical isolates ("clusters") are likely to reflect recently acquired infections. It is never possible to include all cases of tuberculosis in a given population in a study, and the proportion of isolates found to be clustered will depend on the completeness of the sampling. Using stochastic simulation models based on real and hypothetical populations, the authors demonstrate the influence of incomplete sampling on the estimates of clustering obtained. The results show that as the sampling fraction increases, the proportion of isolates identified as clustered also increases and the variance of the estimated proportion clustered decreases. Cluster size is also important: the underestimation of clustering for any given sampling fraction is greater, and the variability in the results obtained is larger, for populations with small clusters than for those with the same number of individuals arranged in large clusters. A considerable amount of caution should be used in interpreting the results of studies on clustering of M. tuberculosis isolates, particularly when sampling fractions are small.  (+info)

Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older. (5/5889)

Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.  (+info)

Measuring food insecurity and hunger in the United States: development of a national benchmark measure and prevalence estimates. (6/5889)

Since 1992, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) has led a collaborative effort to develop a comprehensive benchmark measure of the severity and prevalence of food insecurity and hunger in the United States. Based on prior research and wide consultation, a survey instrument specifically relevant to U.S. conditions was designed and tested. Through its Current Population Survey (CPS), the U.S. Bureau of the Census has fielded this instrument each year since 1995. A measurement scale was derived from the data through fitting, testing and validating a Rasch scale. The unidimensional Rasch model corresponds to the form of the phenomenon being measured, i.e., the severity of food insufficiency due to inadequate resources as directly experienced and reported in U.S. households. A categorical measure reflecting designated ranges of severity on the scale was constructed for consistent comparison of prevalence estimates over time and across population groups. The technical basis and initial results of the new measure were reported in September 1997. For the 12 months ending April 1995, an estimated 11.9% of U.S. households (35 million persons) were food insecure. Among these, 4.1% of households (with 6.9 million adults and 4.3 million children) showed a recurring pattern of hunger due to inadequate resources for one or more of their adult and/or child members sometime during the period. The new measure has been incorporated into other federal surveys and is being used by researchers throughout the U.S. and Canada.  (+info)

Antimicrobial susceptibilities and plasmid contents of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from commercial sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh: emergence of high-level resistance to ciprofloxacin. (7/5889)

Commercial sex workers (CSWs) serve as the most important reservoir of sexually transmitted diseases (STD), including gonorrhea. Periodic monitoring of the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in a high-risk population provides essential clues regarding the rapidly changing pattern of antimicrobial susceptibilities. A study concerning the prevalence of gonococcal infection among CSWs was conducted in Bangladesh. The isolates were examined with regards to their antimicrobial susceptibility to, and the MICs of, penicillin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, and spectinomycin by disk diffusion and agar dilution methods. The total plasmid profile of the isolates was also analyzed. Of the 224 CSWs, 94 (42%) were culture positive for N. gonorrhoeae. There was a good correlation between the results of the disk diffusion and agar dilution methods. Some 66% of the isolates were resistant to penicillin, and 34% were moderately susceptible to penicillin. Among the resistant isolates, 23.4% were penicillinase-producing N. gonorrhoeae (PPNG). 60.6% of the isolates were resistant and 38.3% were moderately susceptible to tetracycline, 17.5% were tetracycline-resistant N. gonorrhoeae, 11.7% were resistant and 26.6% had reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, 2.1% were resistant and 11.7% had reduced susceptibility to cefuroxime, and 1% were resistant to ceftriaxone. All PPNG isolates contained a 3.2-MDa African type of plasmid, and a 24.2-MDa conjugative plasmid was present in 34.1% of the isolates. Since quinolones such as ciprofloxacin are recommended as the first line of therapy for gonorrhea, the emergence of significant resistance to ciprofloxacin will limit the usefulness of this drug for treatment of gonorrhea in Bangladesh.  (+info)

Epidemiological analysis of site relationships of synchronous and metachronous multiple primary cancers in the National Cancer Center, Japan, 1962-1996. (8/5889)

BACKGROUND: Multiple primary cancer (MPC) has been recognized as a problem commonly encountered in routine medical practice. A study of MPC is necessary not only to provide insights into the etiology of cancer, but also to provide information for effective medical care by clinical oncologists. METHODS: A cohort of 49,751 cancer patients who were admitted to the National Cancer Center Hospital between 1962 and 1996 was used to study the site relationship of MPC. Logistic and Poisson regression analyses using an internal reference group within the cohort were applied for the calculation of the prevalence odds ratio (POR) for site relationships of synchronous MPC and the incidence rate ratio (IRR) for those of metachronous MPC. RESULTS: Three site combinations with elevated risks for both synchronous and metachronous MPCs, eight with elevated risk for synchronous MPC, five with elevated risk for metachronous MPC and six with decreased risk for synchronous MPC were identified with statistical significance. Among them, the increased risk of metachronous stomach cancer following lymphoma and myeoloma (POR = 1.0 and 1.1, P > 0.05; IRR = 2.5, P < 0.05) and the inverse site-correlation of synchronous MPC between [trachea, bronchus and lung] and other sites of the upper aerodigestive tract [lip, oral cavity and pharynx] (POR = 0.5 and 0.3, P < 0.05) and esophagus (POR = 0.7 and 0.3, P < 0.05) have not been reported previously. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that interventions for lymphoma and myeloma might affect the development of subsequent stomach cancer and additional etiological factors other than tobacco smoking are associated with the development of cancer in the upper aerodigestive tract.  (+info)

Journal of Apicultural Research Vol. 52(4) DOI 10.3896/IBRA.1.52.4.15 Date September 2013 Article Title Standard epidemiological methods to understand...
Conclusion: At an individual level there is much that families - adults and children - can do to help themselves if they prioritise their lifelong health. But at a population level, to support particularly the most vulnerable/those with least advantages, as professionals we believe there has to be appropriate regulation and policies to help us all combat modern society and life which makes it too easy to eat and act less healthily than we should.. Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Ahrens is professor of epidemiological methods at the faculty of mathematics and computer science of the University of Bremen, Germany. He is Deputy Director of the Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS in Bremen and head of the department Epidemiological Methods and Etiological Research. Having finished his biology studies in 1985 he worked as scientific assistant in numerous epidemiologic studies with focus on work- and environment-related cancer.. In the years 1995-1998 he established the working group ...
Paper: Cole et al., (2012): Bayesian Posterior Distributions Without Markov Chains Contact: Dr. Ashley Naimi, Facilitator Email: [email protected] Contact: Ya-Hui Yu, Journal Club Coordinator Email: [email protected] This journal club covers a range of m...
We offer clinical cancer updates, treatment guidance, and research news to the oncology nursing community. Visit us often for drug therapy testing results, patient care information and more. Download our FREE app today.
Methods for analysis of survival and event history data, particularly under non-standard observational plans. Causal analysis and epidemiological methods. History of statistics and demography. Main applications: reproductive epidemiology, particularly time-to pregnancy studies.. ...
A avaliação da qualidade fisiológica é um importante componente de qualidade para a produção de grãos. Desta forma o presente trabalho foi planejado e conduzido com o objetivo de testar e identificar as possíveis metodologias para a avaliação do vigor dos genótipos proveniente do banco de germoplasma da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia e também verificar os materiais superiores quanto a qualidade fisiológica. O experimento foi conduzido na Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU) - Campus Umuarama, no Laboratório de Análises de Sementes LASEM e em Casa de Vegetação. Os lotes das sementes foram amostrados e submetidos às seguintes determinações: vigor de plântulas, emergência das plântulas em substrato de areia, velocidade de emergência em areia, teste peroxidase, dano mecânico e envelhecimento acelerado. O delineamento foi de Blocos Casualizados. As médias foram comparadas pelo método de Tukey (P,0,05), testou-se a homogeneidade e normalidade através do teste de ...
From the Brazilian Registry of Spondyloarthritis: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro, Santa Casa do Rio de Janeiro, and Faculdade de Medicina Souza Marques, Rio de Janeiro; Insper Institute of Education and Research, and Division of Rheumatology and Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade de São Paulo, and Santa Casa de São Paulo, and Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual, São Paulo; Universidade de Brasília, and Hospital de Base, Brasília; Hospital Geral de Goiânia, Goiânia; Universidade de Campinas, and Pontifícia Universidade Católica, Campinas; Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus; Pontifícia Universidade Católica, Porto Alegre; Hospital Evangélico de Curitiba, and Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba; Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São José do Rio Preto; Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, and Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza; Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande; ...
Public tenders from MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, Universidade Federal de Lavras,, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, Universidade Federal de Lavras,, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, Universidade Federal de Lavras,, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, Universidade Federal de Lavras,...
Marilia D. Nunes Rodrigues,sup,1,/sup,, 1. Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil,br, 2. Departamento de Ciencias Animais, Faculdade de Ecologia, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Ã rido, Brazil,br, 3. Programa Pos-graduacao em Genetica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil,br, 4. Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Fisiologia Animal Comparada, Fundacao Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Brazil,br, 5. Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Zoologia e Genetica, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil, Cecilia Calabuig,sup,2,/sup,, Carla G. Ã vila Moreira,sup,3,/sup,, Janaina Camacho da Silva,sup,4,/sup,, Diones Bender Almeida,sup,5,/sup,, Harold J. Perez Gutierrez,sup,1,/sup,, Heden L. Marques Moreira,sup,5,/sup ...
Epidemiologic Methods: Studying the Occurence of Illness. Noel S. Weiss. 1stPublisher: Oxford University Press, USAFormat: Hardcover. This is a rigorous, systematic introduction to the basic concepts and practical tools of epidemiologic research. Besides offering clear descriptions of key concepts, the book is rich with examples illustrating how these concepts are applied. Some examples are drawn from classic studies in the field, while many others concern modern-day epidemiologic studies of problems of current public health importance. Almost every chapter includes a set of exercises (with answers) to help students gain practice in applying new ideas and techniques. The books chapters are organized around three main themes: general concepts and methods of epidemiology; major study designs; and evaluating policies and programs. Both authors are experienced epidemiologic researchers and have won multiple awards for effective teaching.. GST Note: GST is included in the price of this item. GST is ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Epidemiologic methods of assessing asthma and wheezing episodes in longitudinal studies. T2 - Measures of change and stability. AU - Soto-Ramírez, Nelís. AU - H M Ziyab, Ali. AU - Karmaus, Wilfried. AU - Zhang, Hongmei. AU - Kurukulaaratchy, Ramesh J.. AU - Ewart, Susan. AU - Arshad, Syed Hasan. PY - 2013/8/31. Y1 - 2013/8/31. N2 - Background: In settings in which diseases wax and wane, there is a need to measure disease dynamics in longitudinal studies. Traditional measures of disease occurrence (eg, cumulative incidence) do not address change or stability or are limited to stable cohorts (eg, incidence) and may thus lead to erroneous conclusions. To illustrate how different measures can be used to detect disease dynamics, we investigated sex differences in the occurrence of asthma and wheezing, using a population-based study cohort that covered the first 18 years of life. Methods: In the Isle of Wight birth cohort (n = 1456), prevalence, incidence, cumulative incidence, ...
Public Health 250A Epidemiologic Methods I,Fall 2011 free online course video tutorial by UC Berkeley.You can download the course for FREE !
Methods, just as diseases or scientists, have their own history. It is important for scientists to be aware of the genesis of the methods they use and of the context in which they were developed. A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts is based on a collection of contributions which
Public tenders from MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto,, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto,, MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto,
With a new focus on long-term health effects of nutrient intake as well as the traditional concerns of preventing deficiency and maintaining tissue saturation, epidemiologic studies which identify diet and health relationships have become important to debates on defining nutrient requirements. Epidemiologic studies include descriptive surveys,...
O Departamento de Medicina Preventiva da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), criado em 1967, tem os objetivos de promover e desenvolver formas de conhecimento na área de saúde coletiva, com as especificidades que convêm a um departamento de uma escola de Medicina, por meio de ensino e pesquisa; ministrar o ensino superior, visando a formação de pessoas capacitadas ao exercício da investigação na área de saúde coletiva, bem como a qualificação para atividades profissionais; estender à sociedade serviços relacionados às atividades de ensino e pesquisa ...
Alguns compostos de platina(II), como por exemplo, a cisplatina, a oxaloplatina e a carboplatina, têm sido utilizados como agentes quimioterápicos no tratamento de alguns tipos de câncer, sendo que vários outros complexos deste íon metálico encontram-se em fase de testes clínicos. Entretanto, estes fármacos apresentam diversos efeitos colaterais severos e, além disso, tem sido observado o aparecimento de resistência celular. Nesse sentido, vários grupos de pesquisa têm buscado a síntese de novos complexos de platina que sejam mais eficazes e que apresentem uma diminuição dos efeitos indesejáveis associados à utilização destes na medicina. Assim, neste trabalho seis novos complexos de platina(II) e paládio(II) foram isolados com os ligantes 4-nitrobenzóico hidrazida(4-NH), ácido 2-furóico hidrazida(FH) e 2,4 dinitrofenilhidrazina(2,4-DNPH). Esses complexos foram caracterizados por técnicas espectroscópicas e, os resultados mostram que os ligantes estão coordenados ao ...
Current Research and Scholarly Interests The goal of my research is to improve the health of birthing persons, infants, and children, and advance equity in their care and outcomes. My specific interests include perinatal and nutritional epidemiology; maternal and child health and nutrition; health disparities; and applying novel epidemiological methods to perinatal health research ...
My research involves the development of epidemiological methods and their direct application to environmental and genetic epidemiology. Examples include the association between outdoor and indoor air pollution with human health, methods and applications for the detection of gene-environment (GxE) interactions, and current challenges in the analysis of DNA methylation data.. My mission is to improve the understanding of environmental risk factors particularly in susceptible populations that are often at a higher risk for disease. Please visit my website to get more information about my on-going projects, publications and opportunities.. ...
Encontre Livros em Inglês e outros idiomas de Medicina e Farmacologia. O maior acervo de livros em inglês e outros idiomas de medicina e os melhores autores você encontra aqui na Saraiva.
Encontre Livros em Inglês e outros idiomas de Medicina e Farmacologia. O maior acervo de livros em inglês e outros idiomas de medicina e os melhores autores você encontra aqui na Saraiva.
Consulta y compra libros de Medicina. Nefrología. Librer a online, libros y publicaciones de Medicina. Nefrología. Libros agotados, libros importados, derecho, contabilidad, ciencias economicas.
www.carte-medicala.ro Librarie specializata in carti de medicina umana, carti pentru farmacie si carti de medicina veterinara.. Aici poti gasi carti medicale de orice tip, cursuri de medicina, tratate medicale, carti pentru ingrijirea sanatatii, pentru medicina alopata sau alternativa, carti medicale romanesti sau straine, in orice domeniu medical.. Nu gasesti cartea pe care o doresti? Cauta aici.. ...
www.carte-medicala.ro Librarie specializata in carti de medicina umana, carti pentru farmacie si carti de medicina veterinara.. Aici poti gasi carti medicale de orice tip, cursuri de medicina, tratate medicale, carti pentru ingrijirea sanatatii, pentru medicina alopata sau alternativa, carti medicale romanesti sau straine, in orice domeniu medical.. Nu gasesti cartea pe care o doresti? Cauta aici.. ...
This much anticipated Third Edition provides a comprehensive presentation of the global burden and patterns of cancer occurrence, along with new developments in our understanding of cancer causation and prevention. Special attention is given to epidemiologic approaches that incorporate molecular biomarkers based on genomic and other emerging technologies, providing new insights into the role of genetic predisposition and gene-environment interactions in cancer induction.
nasceu em Brasilia, em 1971. É Bacharel em Ciencias Biologicas pela Universidade de Brasilia (1993), Mestre em Biofisica pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (1994), Doutor em Neurociências e Comportamento Animal pela Universidade Rockefeller (2000) com Pós-Doutorado em Neurofisiologia pela Universidade Duke (2005). Atualmente é Professor Titular de Neurociências da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Diretor do Instituto do Cerebro da UFRN e chefe de laboratório do Instituto Internacional de Neurociência de Natal Edmond e Lily Safra (IINN-ELS). Tem experiência na area de neuroetologia, neurobiologia molecular e neurofisiologia de multieletrodos, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: sono, sonho e memória, genes imediatos e plasticidade neuronal, comunicação vocal em aves e primatas, competência simbólica em animais não-humanos. Tem grande interesse no estudo das bases neurais da consciência e sua alteração. Tem se envolvido no debate ...
R. W. MILLER, and J. SCOTTO: U. S. childhood cancer mortality patterns, 1950-1959. Etiologic implications. J. Amer. med. Ass. 192,593-596 (1965). 35. DAVIES, J. N. : Lymphomas and leukemias in Uganda Africans. In ROULET, F. : Op. Cit. Ref. 10, p. 67-69. 36. : Lymphomas of African children with different forms or environmental influences. J. Amer. med. Ass. 181, 1026-1928 (1962). 37. , C. A. LINSELL, F. E. BARNHART, and R. MARTYN: An epidemiologic approach to the lymphomas of African children and Burkitts sarcoma of the jaws. With adequate treatment with methotrexate in the early cases or with cyclophosphamide in the more advanced and late stages it appears that about 20 0/0 may hope to be freed of disease for a long period if not completely cured. In successfully treated cases the tumours disappear in the first fourteen days of treatment. Occasionally spontaneous regression takes place or response may be noted to inadequate chemotherapy suggesting some sort of immune reaction and in keeping ...
This course will focus on epidemiologic methods - primarily methods used in observational studies, cohort studies, case-control studies and randomized controlled trials. With respect to cohort studies, topics covered include cohort identification, ascertainment of exposure status, follow-up of cohort members, measuring outcomes, sources of bias and interpretational issues. Case-control topics include issues around defining cases and controls, control of confounding, and sources of bias/systematic error. Topics around randomized trials include randomization procedures, defining and assembling treatment/intervention arms, selecting study subjects and approaches to data collection. Other topics covered in this course include surveillance and ecologic studies. Pros and cons of all study designs will be discussed, in part through readings of published papers. Fundamentals of data analysis will also be addressed, but a detailed discussion is reserved for Epidemiology Research II.
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Estudiantes talentosos que quieren ser médicos pero que están preocupados por el alto costo de la carrera tienen una oportunidad nueva y prometedora en la Facultad de Medicina de UC Davis. [English]
O presente estudo avaliou a ação in vitro de diferentes nanopartículas de prata (nanoAg) sintetizadas pelo Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas (IPT) e Universidade Federal de São Carlos (IFSC) e controles...
Antigenotoxic, and anticytotoxic activities of an ethanolic extract of Lafoensia pacari (Lythraceae) stem bark in bacteria and mice D.C.S. Lima1, C.R. Silva1, B.L. Sampaio2, J.R. de Paula2 and L. Chen-Chen1 Departamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brasil Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brasil Corresponding author: L. Chen-Chen E-mail: [email protected] Genet. Mol. Res. 12 (3):
PURPOSE OF REVIEW In a society with a steadily increasing population of patients with hypertension, a significant mortality risk factor, it is important that clinicians be cognizant of the changes seen in ophthalmic examination. This paper demonstrates both the acute and chronic stages of the disease. RECENT FINDINGS This paper first presents the history of classifying different stages of hypertensive retinopathy, a condition associated with systemic arterial hypertension, as defined by Keith-Wagener-Barker. The most recent recommendations published in the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure are also described; this report defines the current status and classification of hypertension in the United States, as well as recommendations for its treatment and management. Finally, disease management strategies and currently accepted treatment options are presented. SUMMARY Since systemic arterial hypertension is a
Quantitative methods play an important role in the fields of epidemiology and statistics. The intent of this review series is to provide readers with clearly written chapters on classical statistical and epidemiologic methods as well as new techniques in the literature that are not currently covered in standard textbooks in the field. Example topics of interest include: • Randomized clinical trials • Gene-environment interaction studies • Longitudinal studies • Cohort studies • Case-only studies • Case-referent studies • Misclassification bias • Selection bias • Confounding by indication • Population-projection methods • Poisson / log-binomial regression • Beta-binomial regression • Logistic regression • Survival analysis • Sample size computation • Sinusoidal models • Log-linear models •
In the mid- and late-1800s, epidemiological methods began to be applied in the investigation of disease occurrence. At that time, most investigators focused on acute infectious diseases. In the 1930s and 1940s, epidemiologists extended their methods to noninfectious diseases. The period since World War II has seen an explosion in the development of research methods and the theoretical underpinnings of epidemiology. Epidemiology has been applied to the entire range of health-related outcomes, behaviors, and even knowledge and attitudes. The studies by Doll and Hill linking lung cancer to smoking (6) and the study of cardiovascular disease among residents of Framingham, Massachusetts (7) are two examples of how pioneering researchers have applied epidemiologic methods to chronic disease since World War II. During the 1960s and early 1970s health workers applied epidemiologic methods to eradicate naturally occurring smallpox worldwide.(8) This was an achievement in applied epidemiology of ...
Extra resources for A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. Sample text. The risk of dying from tuberculosis was 100%; the average time to death was 2 years. Thus, the death rate was [100 + 2 years=] 50% per year or< 1% per week, etc. (Farr, Part II). A measure of risk is implicitly related to a duration! We can express a risk of the same event over 1 week, 1 year, 10 years, etc. 2) demonstrated, using a hypothetical example, the importance of this caveat in the context of a therapeutic trial comparing the ability of a vaccine to prevent disease attacks. By dividing the number of disease attacks by the total number of subjects inoculated during the year, we implicitly compute a risk over one year. Why is this so? Because low-risk constitutions for chronic diseases are usually much more common than high-risk constitutions. The histogram in Figure 2 (corresponding to Figure 3 of Roses paper) shows the prevalence of various categories of serum cholesterol levels in 246 men aged 55-64 at ...
To determine the importance of systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis (CA), the coronary stenosis (CSI), coronary diffuse atheromatous (CDAI) and...
Although case-control studies are suitable for assessing gene-environment interactions, choosing appropriate control subjects is a valid concern in these studies. The authors review three nontraditional study designs that do not include a control group : 1 the case-only study, 2 the case-parental control study, and 3 the affected relative-pair...
rd 23 Congress of the International Union for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology th 44 Annual Meeting of the Brazilian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology th th Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil, August 24 to 28 , 2015 FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SMZF1, A TRANCRIPCIONAL FACTOR FROM SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI, THROUGH INTERFERENCE RNA (RNAI) Prata, I.O.1; Vieira-da-Rocha, J.P.1; Silva, E.E.N.2; Fabrício, F.M.S.3; Caliari, M.V.3; Mourão, M.M.2; Franco, G.R.1 1 Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade federal de 2 Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Grupo de Genômica e Biologia Computacional, Centro de Excelência em Bioinformática - CEBio, Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; 3Departamento de Patologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Introduction: Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by trematodes of Schistosoma genus. These ...
Nutritional epidemiology uses epidemiological methods to examine associations between diet and disease. In the research group, we investigate whether dietary composition influtences the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, obesity, type 2 diabetes and cancer. We use large population studies, mainly the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort, which was established in the 90s and consists of 28.098 individuals. Malmö Diet and Cancer have great opportunities to clarify nutrition relationships, as dietary data have high relative validity. Clear information about dietary influence is of great significance for public health because eating habits, in contrast to many other factors, can change during the life cycle. ...
Universidade de São Paulo (USP); Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP); Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP); Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul; Fed Univ Para; Pequeno Principe Hosp; Univ Fed Ceara; Univ Fed Paraiba; Hosp Infect Control Comm; Pontifical Catholic Univ; Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU); Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz (Elsevier B.V., 2016-01-01) ...
USE OF POLYSACCHARIDES TO STABILIZE BARU OIL MICROEMULSIONS A.P.S. Marques1*, W.H. Ferreira2, E.G. AZERO3, G.H. Silva4, A.G. TORRES1 AND C.T. ANDRADE2 1Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Química 2Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Macromoléculas 3Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Biociências 4Universidade Federal do Rio de…
This is the first comprehensive text on the methodological issues in epidemiologic research on infectious diseases. It will be an invaluable resource both to students of epidemiology and to established researchers.
Metabolic or Pseudometabolic Syndrome?Luis Cláudio Lemos Correia1, Adriana L. Latado2, José Augusto Barreto-Filho3 Escola Bahiana de Medicina1; Universidade Federal da Bahia2, Salvador/BA; Universidade Federal de Sergipe3, Aracaju, SE, Brazil A predictive model is created based on the following: (1) Metabolic syndrome has been proposed as a predictor of identification of variables associated with an outcome in cohort cardiovascular risk. However, such idea lacks strong scientific studies, which are submitted to (2) multivariate analysis that basis. This article reviews the evidence regarding that issue, defines which are the independent predictors of outcome challenging the existing paradigm of the prognostic value of and the relative value of each one. Drawing on such data, (3) those predictors are attributed points proportionally to their force of association with the outcome, generating a risk score. According to Hans Christian Andersens tale (1837), once That was how the classical ...
Metabolic or Pseudometabolic Syndrome?Luis Cláudio Lemos Correia1, Adriana L. Latado2, José Augusto Barreto-Filho3 Escola Bahiana de Medicina1; Universidade Federal da Bahia2, Salvador/BA; Universidade Federal de Sergipe3, Aracaju, SE, Brazil A predictive model is created based on the following: (1) Metabolic syndrome has been proposed as a predictor of identification of variables associated with an outcome in cohort cardiovascular risk. However, such idea lacks strong scientific studies, which are submitted to (2) multivariate analysis that basis. This article reviews the evidence regarding that issue, defines which are the independent predictors of outcome challenging the existing paradigm of the prognostic value of and the relative value of each one. Drawing on such data, (3) those predictors are attributed points proportionally to their force of association with the outcome, generating a risk score. According to Hans Christian Andersens tale (1837), once That was how the classical ...
Moreover, I believe that a methods paper appropriate for publication in Epidemiology should be accessible to its readers, few of whom are statisticians. Successful communication with working scientists, including well-documented and user-friendly software, also serves the interest of authors who want to see their ideas used. I encourage articles that transform seemingly arcane statistical ideas (whether well established or cutting edge) into practical epidemiologic tools, using language that the readers of Epidemiology will understand. These will not all be original biostatistical research papers, though those are welcome. In that spirit, I would welcome papers aimed primarily at students and readers who might feel out of date on important new ideas.. To obtain an outside view of the utility or accessibility of a paper, I plan to send statistical manuscripts not only to referees who are themselves methodologists, but also to researchers who are the target audience for ideas developed in the ...
Os primeiros casos de infecção por MRSA na comunidade foram relatados na década de 80 em grupos populacionais específicos, como usuários de droga intravenosa, residentes em instituições de saúde e pacientes com frequente contato com serviços de saúde. O presente estudo visa descrever a prevalência de colonização nasal por MRSA em estudantes de medicina de Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro. Um número total de 148 alunos de medicina do 1º, 2º, 3º e 4º períodos foi abordado para coleta de swabs nasais, no período de fevereiro a dezembro de 2019. Este material foi semeado em meio ágar manitol e submetido ao teste de catalase e de coagulase para caracterização fenotípica deste patógeno. Observou-se uma prevalência menor de colonização nos períodos iniciais (1º e 2º períodos), aumentando gradativamente nos períodos subsequentes (3º e 4º períodos).. ...
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Barbalho is with the Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade da Amazônia, Belém, Pará, Brazil. Barbalho and Gentil are with FEFD - Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás - UFG, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Coswig is with the Faculdade de Educação Física, Universidade Federal do Pará, Castanhal, Pará, Brazil. Steele and Fisher are with the School of Sport, Health and Social Sciences, Southampton Solent University, Southampton, United Kingdom. Steele is also with ukactive Research Inst, London, United Kingdom. Giessing is with the Inst of Sport Science, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany. ...
Years 1 and 2: Foundations are laid with a balanced selection of courses from each department, including the following compulsory statistics courses: Year 1: Introduction to statistical methods; introduction to probability. Year 2: Computing for practical statistics; linear models and the analysis of variance; introduction to applied probability; probability and inference; either: optimisation algorithms in operations research, or: social statistics. Year 3: Range of options in both subjects, including: actuarial science; clinical and pharmaceutical studies; decision and risk; epidemiological methods; forecasting; optimisation algorithms in operational research; social statistics; stochastic systems; compulsory course in statistical inference. Year 4: Major research project; range of options in both subjects. Sponsorship available for students through the year in industry scheme.. ...
When reading the article by Tuuminen and Rinne, including two case reports on serious health seque-lae due to mold exposure in two Finnish cohorts, we find serious flaws in the application of statistical and epidemiological methods, as well as the respective causal interpretations. Observations of mucosal irritation, respiratory, neurological, skin and other symptoms, in the first case report, which portrays a family, add to the current evidence, that dampness and mold in the indoor environment are a serious health risk, emphasizing the need for exposure cessation and prompt reme-diation (1). Unnecessarily and unfortunately for the family it took four years to find this most obvious cause. Observations in the family case report are in accordance to international accepted consensus 1.) that Asthma is clearly associated with mold and dampness, 2.) that for other illnesses there is sufficient evidence for an association, and 3.) that the mechanisms causing dampness-related illness are still un-known (2)
Efficacy and effectiveness trials have different goals, use different tools, and generate different messages Franz Porzsolt,1,2 Natália Galito Rocha,3 Alessandra C Toledo-Arruda,3 Tania G Thomaz,3,4 Cristiane Moraes,4 Thais R Bessa-Guerra,4 Mauricio Leão,5 Arn Migowski,6,7 André R Araujo da Silva,8 Christel Weiss2,9 1Health Care Research, Department of General and Visceral Surgery, University Hospital Ulm, Ulm, Germany; 2Institute of Clinical Economics (ICE) eV, Ulm, Germany; 3Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Biomedical Institute, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, 4Cardiovascular Sciences, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, 5Institute of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Antonio Pedro, Niterói, 6National Cancer Institute (INCA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 7National Institute of Cardiology (INC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 8Department of Mother and Child, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 9Department of Medical Statistics,
Orlando Amaral, reitor da Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), assinou na última segunda-feira de 2014 (29) o contrato que transfere a gestão do Hospital das Clínicas de Goiânia para a Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares (Ebserh). A privatização do hospital, no entanto, segue contestada pela comunidade acadêmica da UFG.. Alexandre dos Santos, 1º vice-presidente da Regional Planalto do ANDES-SN, afirma que o estatuto da universidade foi desrespeitado com a assinatura do contrato com a Ebserh. O nosso estatuto afirma que todos os contratos da universidade com terceiros tem de ser aprovados pelo Conselho Universitário, o que não aconteceu com o contrato de privatização do hospital, afirma o docente.. Santos lembra também que a votação no Conselho Universitário sobre a adesão do Hospital das Clínicas à Ebserh não teve discussão nem contagem de votos. A adesão já havia se dado de forma golpista, e agora, no antepenúltimo dia útil do ano, mais uma atitude ...
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books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Documenta_de_Medicina_Geographica_Et_Tro.html?id=T2AgAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareDocumenta de Medicina Geographica Et Tropica ...
2014. Barcarolle Guitar, Glezer A, et al. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Epub 2013 Mar 22. 2011;74(5):348-51. 1988 Dodge Ramcharger Transmission, Dignity and respect under the Mental Health Act. 16. Results: You can do your own measurements with or without a bra on. Ensure you get the Bra that fits by consulting our bra fitting size charts below. Its important to find a bra that is well constructed, and the right size for you. One of the most important factors in finding the right bra for your body is to consider your breast shape. 2013 Aug;101(2):192. doi: 10.5935/abc.20130155. ARQ YOUTH; ADULT; Bras + Tanks. Although its contoured cut made me a little nervous at first since I have a This bra is super affordable-I literally never have found a bra my size for only $25, and I think when I got it it was on sale! Author information: (1)Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brasil. 2013 ...
STUDY OF EFFECTS FROM DELETION OF AGT1 AND ATH1 UPON THERMAL STRESS IN SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE R.S.S,Magalhães¹ ,J. F., de Mesquita²,E.C.A. Eleutherio ¹, ¹ Programa de Pós-graduação de Bioquimica, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro; ² Departamento de Genética e Biologia Molecular, Instituto Biomédico, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio…
PRESTI, Paula de Figueiredo et al. Epidemiological study of cancer in adolescents at a referral center. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp.210-216. ISSN 0103-0582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-05822012000200009.. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of adolescents with cancer referred to an oncologic center, between 2000 and 2006. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out in order to evaluate the epidemiological data of patients aged between ten and 19 years at diagnosis and admitted at the Institute of Oncology (IOP/Graacc) of Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil, between 2000 and 2006. RESULTS: Among 2,362 patients admitted during this period with a diagnosis of cancer, 629 (26.6%) were adolescents. Mean age was 13.7 years, being 56.8% male. Regarding race, 60.7% of the patients were white, 30% mulattoes, 6.5% blacks, and 2.5% of patients had no characterization of race in the medical records. The most frequent types of tumors ...
PRESTI, Paula de Figueiredo et al. Epidemiological study of cancer in adolescents at a referral center. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp.210-216. ISSN 0103-0582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-05822012000200009.. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of adolescents with cancer referred to an oncologic center, between 2000 and 2006. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out in order to evaluate the epidemiological data of patients aged between ten and 19 years at diagnosis and admitted at the Institute of Oncology (IOP/Graacc) of Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil, between 2000 and 2006. RESULTS: Among 2,362 patients admitted during this period with a diagnosis of cancer, 629 (26.6%) were adolescents. Mean age was 13.7 years, being 56.8% male. Regarding race, 60.7% of the patients were white, 30% mulattoes, 6.5% blacks, and 2.5% of patients had no characterization of race in the medical records. The most frequent types of tumors ...
Business: DOW AGROSCIENCES - BRAZIL. Felipe Daltro, is the Marketing Specialist for 1.5 years and is responsible for the Range & Pasture business strategy in Brazil leading a team with 6 regional Market Developers and implementing Marketing segmentation, incentive programs, sales campaigns, price strategy, promotion and market access strategy.. Prior to being named Marketing Specialist, Felipe Daltro had different roles into Crop Protection R&D organization (6 years) since he started as an intern passing trough Field Scientist role in 4 different regions of Brazil and finally being Field Station leader in Mogi Mirim-SP-Brazil with a site and people leadership.. Felipe Daltro earned his Bachelor Degree in Agronomist Engineer at Universidade de São Paulo-ESALQ/USP in Piracicaba-SP-Brazil and also had a P.G.Degree in Biotechnology at Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA- Lavras-MG- Brazil.. ...
Braz, Janine Karla França da Silva; Martins, Gabriel M.; Sabino, Vladimir; Vitoriano, Jussier O.; Barboza, Carlos Augusto Galvão; Soares, Ana Katarina Menezes da Cruz; Rocha, Hugo Alexandre de Oliveira; Oliveira, Moacir. F.; Alves Júnior, Clodomiro; Moura, Carlos Eduardo B. ...
Stéphane da Silva Reis, Adriana Rios Mafra Ferrari, André Guaraci De Vito Moraes, Marcello Rubens Barsi Andreeta, Igor Studart Medeiros, Ricardo Sgura? , Nove de Julho University, São Paulo, Brazil; Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, Brazil ...
http://noticias.r7.com/fala-brasil/videos/-pesquisadores-criam-sabao-para-matar-larvas-do-mosquito-da-dengue-03052017 A descoberta científica é de pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul. A partir de um líquido extraído da castanha de caju foi criado um sabão que consegue matar as larvas do mosquito aedes aegypti, o transmissor da dengue. O experimento agora será utilizado pela Prefeitura de Campo Grande (MS) em bairros […]. ...
An open-source software tool called Mendel,MD could help doctors analyze patients genetic data in order to diagnose diseases caused by mutations. Developed by Raony Cardenas and colleagues at Universidade Federal de Minas ...
O presente trabalho objetivou avaliar a capacidade de indicadores antropométricos e de composição corporal em predizer alteração na gordura corporal, nos fatores de risco cardiovascular e na síndrome metabólica. Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico, de caráter transversal, probabilístico, realizado na Divisão de Saúde da Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), onde foram avaliados 172 adolescentes de ambos os sexos, com idades de 16 a 19 anos, de escolas públicas e particulares da zona urbana do município de Viçosa - MG. A avaliação antropométrica incluiu medidas de peso, altura, circunferência da cintura (CC). Foi calculada a relação cintura/ estatura (RCE) e os índices de conicidade (IC), e de massa corporal (IMC). Para verificar o percentual de gordura corporal (%GC) utilizou-se a bioimpedância elétrica tetrapolar (BIA). Aferiu-se a pressão arterial utilizando monitor de pressão sanguínea de insuflação automática Omron Model HEM-741 CINT e classificada de acordo ...
Maia, Paulo José de Sousa; http://lattes.cnpq.br/7563056909720108 (Universidade Federal de São Carlos, UFSCar, Programa de Pós-graduação em Química, Câmpus São Carlos, 06/11/2015) ...
As doenças de origem alimentar e a resistência a antibiócos são um problema global que vem aumentado devido à disseminação de bactérias através de alimentos não cozidos, como hortaliças. O objetivo deste estudofoi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica de saladas de hortaliças cruas prontas para o consumo, servidas em restaurantesself service, na cidade de Niterói-RJ, e avaliar o perfil de resistência à antimicrobianos das enterobactérias isoladas. Foram avaliadas 77 amostras individuais ou mistas, coletadas em vinte restaurantes comerciais. Como critério microbiológico de qualidade foi realizado a contagem dos indicadores de higiene (IH): bactérias aeróbias totais (BAT), enterobactérias, coliformes totais, coliformes termotolerantes e Escherichia coli. E como critério microbiológico de segurança foi realizado a detecção dos indicadores de segurança (IS): Salmonella spp. e Listeria monocytogenes. Além disso, também foi realizada a investigação de E. coli produtora de ...
Fonseca, Marisa Cristina da; http://buscatextual.cnpq.br/buscatextual/visualizacv.do?id=K4744091Z4 (Universidade Federal de ViçosaBRAssociações micorrízicas; Bactérias láticas e probióticos; Biologia molecular de fungos de interesseMestrado em Microbiologia AgrícolaUFV, 2006-02-20) ...
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Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil ...
Etymologie, Etimolog a, tymologie, Etimologia, Etymology - @_ Welt, Mundo, Monde, Mondo, World - Medizin, Medicina, M decine, Medicina, Medicine
Networks describe a range of social, biological and technical phenomena. An important property of a network is its degree correlation or assortativity, describing how nodes in the network associate...
Epidemiologic Methods. 1 (1, Article 7). doi:10.1515/2161-962X.1014. Albert, Jeffrey (2012). "Distribution-Free Mediation ... The bootstrapping method provides some advantages to the Sobel's test, primarily an increase in power. The Preacher and Hayes ... This method provides point estimates and confidence intervals by which one can assess the significance or nonsignificance of a ... Summary of mediation methods at PsychWiki Example of Causal Mediation Using Propensity Scores The Methodology Center, Penn ...
p. 5. ISBN 978-3-642-10280-6. Mitchell H. Gail (2 November 2000). Encyclopedia of Epidemiologic Methods. John Wiley & Sons. p. ... It includes a variety of statistical functions and methods, including routines for nonlinear curve fit.[citation needed] Many ...
Epidemiologic Methods (Little, Brown; 1960); reissued as Epidemiology: Principles and Methods (Little, Brown; 1970) (ISBN ... MacMahon co-authored the textbook Epidemiologic Methods (1960), later reissued as Epidemiology: Principles and Methods, with ... In 1967, he co-founded the Society for Epidemiologic Research, a learned society for epidemiologists. In 1976, he was appointed ... Lancet 371: 112 "History - Society for Epidemiologic Research". Retrieved 8 June 2020. Pearce J. Dr. Duncan W. Clark, voice for ...
Gail, Mitchell; Benichou, Jacques (2000). "Standardized mortality ratio (SMR)" (PDF). Encyclopedia of Epidemiologic Methods. ... The sisterhood method, however, does not work in cases where sisters may have died before the sister being interviewed was born ... There are several methods to estimate mortality in different segments of the population. One such example is the sisterhood ... Graham, W.; Brass, W.; Snow, R. W. (May 1989). "Estimating maternal mortality: the sisterhood method". Studies in Family ...
p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8018-6936-5. Alfredo Morabia (2004). A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. Boston: Birkhauser. pp. ... Progestogen-based methods such as depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, IUD with progestogen or progestogen only pills have a ... Whether MRI as a screening method has greater harms or benefits when compared to standard mammography is not known. Women can ... Petit's work built on the methods of the surgeon Bernard Peyrilhe, who in the 17th century additionally removed the pectoral ...
Alfredo Morabia (1 January 2004). A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. Springer. pp. 133-4. ISBN 978-3-7643-6818-0 ... Alfredo Morabia (1 January 2004). A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. Springer. p. 155. ISBN 978-3-7643-6818-0. ... Eyler, John (1979). Victorian Social Medicine: The Ideas and Methods of William Farr. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press ... and fitted the figures to a curve calculated by a method described. Though he gives no equation of the form of the curve, it is ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Alfredo Morabia (1 January 2004). A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. ... A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. Springer. pp. 149-50. ISBN 978-3-7643-6818-0. Retrieved 11 June 2013. CS1 ... Edmonds applied the method of Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin for life tables to England, as Joshua Milne had done with data from ...
Abramson JH, Abramson ZH (2008). 6th (ed.). Research Methods in Community Medicine: Surveys, Epidemiologic Research, Programme ... It is the first step toward an entirely web-based set of epidemiologic software tools. OpenEpi can be thought of as an ... 36th Annual Meeting of the Society for Epidemiologic Research. Atlanta, GA, United States. Dean AG, Sullivan KM, Mir R (1-4 ... 25 (4): 3, 7, 9. Sullivan KM, Dean AG, Mir R (11-14 June 2003). OpenEpi: a new collaborative effort in epidemiologic computing ...
At NIEHS, Baird began by studying fertility and developing epidemiologic methods for studying it. She has longstanding interest ...
... assistance in training host nation scientists in epidemiologic techniques or modern laboratory molecular biology methods. Via ... NAMRU-3 basic science, epidemiologic, and clinical investigations have included numerous tropical and subtropical infectious ...
... assistance in training host nation scientists in epidemiologic techniques or modern laboratory molecular biology methods. Via ... Training in outbreak investigation methods Joint training in a Master's of epidemiology program "Fort Detrick 2010 Post Guide ...
"Epidemiologic Methods Lessons Learned from Environmental Public Health Disasters: Chernobyl, the World Trade Center, Bhopal, ... The main goals of the IMCB were: Betterment of the lives of the victims with rational diagnostic methods and treatment ... indicated that post-disaster epidemiologic studies should accurately estimate exposure to enable correct dose-response ... resulting in the absence of rational methods of care and planning resulting in loss of sight and in some cases life, and ...
Its methods are designed to answer specific epidemiologic questions in order to plan, implement, and/or evaluate public health ... Play media Field Epidemiology is the application of epidemiologic methods to unexpected health problems when a rapid on-site ... FETPs are established within host country ministries of health to enhance the epidemiologic capacity of the public health ... the-art training in public health microbiology enabling its fellows to apply microbiological and epidemiological methods to a ...
... between VAS and administration of aluminum adjuvanted rabies and FeLV vaccines was established through epidemiologic methods. ... Concern about adverse effects has led to revised guidelines that alter the recommended frequency and methods/locations for both ... 2010 and 2011 that address these concerns by altering the recommended frequency and methods/locations for both vaccination of ...
... well-controlled trials of antimicrobial use regulation employing sophisticated epidemiologic methods, molecular biological ... Ruedy, J. (1966). "A method of determining patterns of use of antibacterial drugs". Can Med Assoc J. 95 (16): 807-12. PMC ... Decreasing diagnostic uncertainty by appropriate testing, including rapid diagnostic methods. The most effective strategy to ... the epidemiological method of time series analysis is preferred, because it accounts for the dependence between time points.[ ...
Strom's major research interest is in the field of pharmacoepidemiology, i.e., the application of epidemiologic methods to the ... Strom's major research interest is in the field of pharmacoepidemiology, the application of epidemiologic methods to the study ...
Armenian HK, (ed). Epidemiologic Reviews, Applications of the Case-Control Method, Volume 16(1), Johns Hopkins University, ... Perceptions from epidemiologic research in an endemic war. Social Science and Medicine, 28:643 47;1989. Armenian HK, Halabi SS ... Armenian HK, Kelsey J, Monto AS, Samet J, Thacker SB (eds). Epidemiologic Reviews, Volume 22(2), Oxford University Press for ... Armenian HK, Kelsey J, Monto AS, Samet J, Thacker SB (eds). Epidemiologic Reviews, Volume 23(2), Oxford University Press for ...
Epidemiologic Reviews. 38 (1): 62-9. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxv011. PMID 26769723. Lewiecki, E. Michael; Miller, Sara A. (January ... Method substitution is the process of choosing a different suicide method when the first-choice method is inaccessible. In many ... By 2001 this method accounted for 25% of deaths from suicide. It has become the second most common suicide method in Hong Kong ... Method substitution has been measured over the course of decades, so when a common method is restricted (for example, by making ...
An epidemiologic review". Contraception. 30 (4): 297-309. doi:10.1016/S0010-7824(84)80022-0. PMID 6509983. Gray RH, Simpson JL ... Various methods are known as the Knaus-Ogino method and the rhythm method. The standard days method is also considered a ... compared to other methods of birth control. Even when used perfectly, calendar-based methods, especially the rhythm method, ... The method is satisfactory for many women and men. The low cost of the method may also enable it to play a useful role in ...
Tsui AO, McDonald-Mosley R, Burke AE (2010). "Family planning and the burden of unintended pregnancies". Epidemiologic Reviews ... The most effective and the most cost-effective methods are long-acting methods. Unfortunately these methods often have ... forgettable or top-tier methods. Intrauterine methods, implants and sterilization fall into this category. For methods that are ... Different methods require different levels of diligence by users. Methods with little or nothing to do or remember, or that ...
... is an American statistician and epidemiologist with many contributions to statistical and epidemiologic methods including ... He has further served as an editor for statistical and epidemiologic journals and books including the Dictionary of ... His focus has been the extensions, limitations, and misuses of statistical methods in nonexperimental studies, especially in ... Greenland, S. (March 1989). "Modeling and variable selection in epidemiologic analysis". American Journal of Public Health. 79 ...
Epidemiologic.org Epidemiologic Inquiry online weblog for epidemiology researchers Epidemiology Forum A discussion and forum ... Two methods have evolved to assess the strength of the relationship between the disease causing agent and the disease. Koch's ... The events may be collected from varied methods of epidemiological study or from censuses or hospital records. The events can ... Because they only work well for highly contagious bacteria and toxins, this method is largely out of favor. Bradford-Hill ...
Encyclopedia of Epidemiologic Methods (John Wiley and Sons, 2000 p924 Philip J. Hilts, Protecting America's Health: The FDA, ...
Basic Epidemiologic Methods for Cancer Investigations", Essentials of Surgical Oncology, Surgical Foundations, Philadelphia: ...
... it is probably too small to observe using the best epidemiologic methods available Executive summary Chattopadhyay, Sankha; ... The most common method of treatment is to give potassium iodide to those at risk. The dosage for adults is 130 mg potassium ... US patent 5635712, Scott, George L., "Method for monitoring the hydraulic fracturing of a subterranean formation", published ... then separating 131I out by various simple methods (i.e., heating to drive off the volatile iodine). By contrast, other iodine ...
... between VAS and administration of aluminium adjuvated rabies and FeLV vaccines was established through epidemiologic methods, ... Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Medicine. 29. Humana Press. pp. 241-250. doi:10.1385/1-59259-688-6:241. ISBN 978-0- ...
... single-blind method MeSH G03.850.520.450 - epidemiologic study characteristics MeSH G03.850.520.450.500 - epidemiologic studies ... epidemiologic research design MeSH G03.850.520.445.150 - cross-over studies MeSH G03.850.520.445.300 - double-blind method MeSH ... monte carlo method MeSH G03.850.520.830.600 - probability MeSH G03.850.520.830.600.200 - bayes theorem MeSH G03.850.520.830. ...
... between VAS and administration of aluminum adjuvanted rabies and FeLV vaccines was established through epidemiologic methods, ...
Confounding Epidemiology Epidemiologic methods Mexican paradox, not directly related, but also involving low birth weights ... Nevertheless, most epidemiologic studies of birth weight and mortality have controlled for maternal smoking, and the adjusted ...
Although the epidemiologic techniques and general principles remain valid, the usage described of certain drugs, vaccines, and ... CAUTION: This document was published by CDC in 1984 to record the experience and lessons learned from applying epidemiologic ...
Home » MAA Publications » MAA Reviews » Epidemiologic Research: Principles and Quantitative Methods Epidemiologic Research: ...
A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts is based on a collection of contributions which ... It is important for scientists to be aware of the genesis of the methods they use and of the context in which they were ... Methods, just as diseases or scientists, have their own history. ... A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. Editors. * ... A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts is based on a collection of contributions which appeared in "SPM International ...
A new method for disease outbreak detection has been described in an open source journal PLoS Medicine. A press release ... A new method for disease outbreak detection has been described in an open source journal PLoS Medicine. A press release ...
Home , November 2002 - Volume 13 - Issue 6 , WANTED: Readable Papers on Practical Epidemiologic Methods ... WANTED: Readable Papers on Practical Epidemiologic Methods. Wacholder, Sholom. Epidemiology: November 2002 - Volume 13 - Issue ... Epidemiology will continue to provide a forum for presenting important work on epidemiologic methods. With your help-as ... Several areas call out for new ideas and methods:. *How do we use new designs and other techniques to reduce cost or increase ...
It then describes methods for identifying these mutations and discusses how to characterize their effects on risk. The chapter ... Genetic Concepts and Methods in Epidemiologic Research. Chapter:. (p.89) 7 Genetic Concepts and Methods in Epidemiologic ... It then describes methods for identifying these mutations and discusses how to characterize their effects on risk. The chapter ... Genetic Concepts and Methods in Epidemiologic Research. ... 7 Genetic Concepts and Methods in Epidemiologic Research * 8 ...
This course builds on prior knowledge of the basic principles of epidemiology while introducing methods of epidemiologic ... In addition, students will learn to perform preliminary analyses of epidemiologic, biostatistical, environmental, and other ... is intended to provide students with the skills and knowledge to critically evaluate health research based on epidemiologic ...
... jack-knife methods • Generalized additive models • Mixed-effect models • Imputation methods • Non-proportional hazards models ... of this review series is to provide readers with clearly written chapters on classical statistical and epidemiologic methods as ... Mantel-Haenszel methods • Matched-set designs and analysis • Rates and proportions • Propensity scores • Complex samples • ... Population-projection methods • Poisson / log-binomial regression • Beta-binomial regression • Logistic regression • Survival ...
Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies by I-Min Lee, 9780195183009, available at Book Depository with free delivery ... CONTENTS; CONTRIBUTORS; EPIDEMIOLOGIC METHODS, I-MIN LEE, RALPH S. PAFFENBARGER, JR; EPIDEMIOLOGIC DATA, SECTION EDITOR: JOANN ... Utilizing modern epidemiologic methods, studies of physical activity and health have been conducted since the 1940s. However ... With a major emphasis on the methods underpinning studies that can be conducted to elucidate these associations, this book is ...
... Stalo Karageorgi,1 Osama ... 2. Methods The PubMed database was searched for articles using the keyword combination: obesity AND adults AND Kuwait. Obesity ... Methods. The PubMed database was searched using the keyword combination: obesity and adults and Kuwait. Out of 111 articles, 39 ... The statistical methods used in 10 out of the 18 studies included multivariate analysis statistical models (linear and/or ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. ... Spatially referenced epidemiological data and analytical methods recently developed for geographical studies are becoming ...
... ... World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (‎1992)‎. Development of rapid epidemiologic assessment methods ...
... Emerging Infectious Diseases 14:1335-1336. http://dx.doi.org/ ...
Epidemiologic Methods: Studying the Occurence of Illness. Buy Now orders cannot be placed without a valid Australian shipping ... Some examples are drawn from classic studies in the field, while many others concern modern-day epidemiologic studies of ... The books chapters are organized around three main themes: general concepts and methods of epidemiology; major study designs; ... This is a rigorous, systematic introduction to the basic concepts and practical tools of epidemiologic research. Besides ...
Purchase Advanced Epidemiologic Methods for the Study of Rheumatic Diseases, An Issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North ... Advanced Epidemiologic Methods for the Study of Rheumatic Diseases, An Issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America ... Advanced Epidemiologic Methods for the Study of Rheumatic Diseases, An Issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, ... Sindhu Johnson, will cover Advances in Epidemiologic Methods to Study Rheumatic Diseases. This unique volume will discuss the ...
Need for improved methods to collect and present spatial epidemiologic data for vectorborne diseases.Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13: ... Improving Methods for Reporting Spatial Epidemiologic Data. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2008;14(8):1335-1337. doi:10.3201/ ... Peterson, A. T. (2008). Improving Methods for Reporting Spatial Epidemiologic Data. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14(8), 1335- ... The point-radius method for georeferencing locality descriptions (3) estimates a best guess for the exposure site (e.g., ...
Comparison of Collection Methods for Fecal Samples for Discovery Metabolomics in Epidemiologic Studies. Erikka Loftfield, Emily ... Comparison of Collection Methods for Fecal Samples for Discovery Metabolomics in Epidemiologic Studies ... Each collection method was run separately; however, all samples for a given collection method were run on the same plate on the ... Comparison of Collection Methods for Fecal Samples for Discovery Metabolomics in Epidemiologic Studies ...
Title: Statistical Methods for Epidemiologic Studies of the Health Effects of Air Pollution. Investigators: Navidi, William C. ... Statistical Methods for Epidemiologic Studies of the Health Effects of Air Pollution. EPA Grant Number: R828112C086. Subproject ... R828112C086 Statistical Methods for Epidemiologic Studies of the Health Effects of Air Pollution. R828112C087 Development of ... Methods and Critique In this report, Navidi and colleagues discussed the development of three sophisticated statistical methods ...
An analysis by DNA fingerprinting and conventional epidemiologic methods.. Alland D1, Kalkut GE, Moss AR, McAdam RA, Hahn JA, ... METHODS: We performed DNA fingerprinting using restriction-fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of at least one isolate ...
Despite these limitations, epidemiologic studies have been remarkably productive in elucidating etiological factors. They are ... Epidemiologic methods can be categorized into demographic studies of mortality and morbidity and observational studies that are ... Epidemiologic methods can be categorized into demographic studies of mortality and morbidity and observational studies that are ... Practical limitations of epidemiologic methods.. @article{Lilienfeld1983PracticalLO, title={Practical limitations of ...
After a typical first-year course in statistical methods, what next? Statistical Tools for Epidemiologic Research thoroughly ... In this innovative new book, Steve Selvin provides readers with a clear understanding of intermediate biostatistical methods ...
This is the first comprehensive text on the methodological issues in epidemiologic research on infectious diseases. It will be ... You are here: Home Page , Medicine & Health , Public Health & Epidemiology , Epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods for the Study ... Epidemiologic Methods for the Study of Infectious Diseases. Edited by James C. Thomas and David J. Weber. ... Epidemiologic Methods for the Study of Infectious Diseases. Edited by James C. Thomas and David J. Weber. ...
Epidemiology Medical genetics Epidemiologic Methods Epigenomics epigenetics molecular epidemiology Epigenesis, Genetic ... Laboratory methods in epigenetic epidemiology.. Biostatistical methods in epigenetic epidemiology.. Epigenome changes during ...
Development of Standardized Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Methods and Aeromonas salmonicida Epidemiologic Cutoff Values ... then used this method to determine the in vitro susceptibility cutoff concentration (epidemiologic cutoff value) for OTC (and ... To achieve this goal we first established a standardized MIC testing method for aquatic bacterial pathogens, ... Either of the AUCss values divided by the current epidemiologic cutoff value for A. salmonicida isolates (1 μg/mL) yields a ...
Lecture Video 33 of Public Health 250A Epidemiologic Methods I,Fall 2011 course by Prof Arthur L. Reingold of UC Berkeley. You ... Public Health 250A Epidemiologic Methods I,Fall 2011. UC Berkeley,, Fall 2013 , Prof. Arthur L. Reingold ... Principles and methods of epidemiology: study design, selection, and definition of cases and controls; sampling, data ... Discussion session provides an opportunity to apply methods to problem sets and to discuss issues presented in lectures ...
Topics covered include cohort identification, methods of ascertainment of exposure status, estimating the expected occurrence ... Topics covered include cohort identification, methods of ascertainment of exposure status, estimating the expected occurrence ...
METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature... ... phylodynamic analysis with traditional methods becomes challenging as these methods scale poorly with growing datasets... ... METHODS: This prospective, frequency matched, case-control study recruited subjects 15 days to 17 years of age and detected DEC ... The CE-MS method is highly amenable to absolute quantification of polar metabolites, however, its reliability for large-scale ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U ...
"Epidemiologic Methods" by people in this website by year, and whether "Epidemiologic Methods" was a major or minor topic of ... "Epidemiologic Methods" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Epidemiologic Methods" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Epidemiologic Methods". ...
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific (Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2010) ...
  • The contributions focus on the historical emergence of current epidemiological methods and their relative importance at different points in time, rather than on specific achievements of epidemiology in controlling plagues such as cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, typhoid fever, or lung cancer. (springer.com)
  • The particular combination of his interests gives a special credibility to his essay, which describes how epidemiologic thinking has developed from the 18th century around two key ideas: concepts concerned with populations and group comparisons - the hallmarks of modern epidemiology. (springer.com)
  • One crude measure of success might be how often methods pieces published in Epidemiologyinfluence epidemiology papers published thereafter. (lww.com)
  • Moreover, I believe that a methods paper appropriate for publication in Epidemiology should be accessible to its readers, few of whom are statisticians. (lww.com)
  • I encourage articles that transform seemingly arcane statistical ideas (whether well established or cutting edge) into practical epidemiologic tools, using language that the readers of Epidemiology will understand. (lww.com)
  • This course builds on prior knowledge of the basic principles of epidemiology while introducing methods of epidemiologic analysis, and their application to the field of advanced practice nursing (APRN) at the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) level. (umassonline.net)
  • Quantitative methods play an important role in the fields of epidemiology and statistics. (frontiersin.org)
  • Laboratory methods in epigenetic epidemiology. (helsinki.fi)
  • Biostatistical methods in epigenetic epidemiology. (helsinki.fi)
  • Methods: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we included TNBC cases in 2010-2013. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The primary aims of the course are to provide working knowledge of the fundamentals of epidemiology as well as to serve as a foundation for more advanced study of epidemiologic methods. (bu.edu)
  • The course introduces the main research methods used in epidemiology and is a follow-up course for HEAAC03 Basic Epidemiology. (uta.fi)
  • It starts with introductory remarks on some basic methods in epidemiologic data analysis, and proceeds emphasizing the importance of the Mantel-Haenszel era in epidemiology. (ispub.com)
  • The methods series of courses aim at exposing students to the concepts, methodologic strategies, and practical aspects of epidemiology. (jhsph.edu)
  • The emergence of contemporary strains of community-associated S. aureus, and the ensuing epidemic with a predominant strain type (USA300), necessitates re-evaluation of the discriminatory power of these typing methods for discerning molecular epidemiology and transmission dynamics, essential to investigations of hospital and community outbreaks. (elsevier.com)
  • Presents lectures and interactive sessions designed to expose students to basic principles of clinical epidemiology and introduce key methods utilized in clinical outcomes research. (jhsph.edu)
  • Focuses on principles and methods in clinical epidemiology which would be most utilized by clinicians/clinician researchers for screening and diagnosis of illness as well as for prognostication and decision-making. (jhsph.edu)
  • My graduate work focused on environmental and occupational epidemiology and I received additional post-doctoral training in community engaged research methods to improve health equity. (stkate.edu)
  • Matching in Epidemiologic Studies. (maa.org)
  • More specifically, I would like to see methods that prove useful in subsequent studies. (lww.com)
  • Utilizing modern epidemiologic methods, studies of physical activity and health have been conducted since the 1940s. (bookdepository.com)
  • With a major emphasis on the methods underpinning studies that can be conducted to elucidate these associations, this book is an important guide for those performing the informative epidemiologic studies needed to reduce the increasing number of people diagnosed with chronic disease due to inactivity. (bookdepository.com)
  • There is a need for future studies, particularly surveillance surveys and prospective cohort studies utilizing advanced methods, to monitor trends and to comprehensively assess the factors contributing to the obesity epidemic in Kuwait. (hindawi.com)
  • Spatially referenced epidemiological data and analytical methods recently developed for geographical studies are becoming increasingly common. (who.int)
  • Some examples are drawn from classic studies in the field, while many others concern modern-day epidemiologic studies of problems of current public health importance. (graysonline.com)
  • Future epidemiologic studies should collect feces using 95% ethanol or FOBT if interested in studying fecal metabolomics. (aacrjournals.org)
  • HEI funded the study conducted by Dr. William Navidi and colleagues to develop statistical methods that would improve the estimates of the health effects air pollution obtained from epidemiologic studies. (epa.gov)
  • In this report, Navidi and colleagues discussed the development of three sophisticated statistical methods and their application to air pollution epidemiologic studies. (epa.gov)
  • The use of the bidirectional case-crossover promises to be an advance over the use of the case-crossover design and offers promise for reducing bias in environmental epidemiologic studies. (epa.gov)
  • Epidemiologic methods can be categorized into demographic studies of mortality and morbidity and observational studies that are either retrospective or prospective. (semanticscholar.org)
  • What are some sources of existing data for epidemiologic studies of infectious diseases? (oup.com)
  • Topics covered include cohort identification, methods of ascertainment of exposure status, estimating the expected occurrence of disease among "exposed" cohort members, follow-up of cohort members, nature of the illness outcome, and issues in the analysis and interpretation of cohort studies. (oup.com)
  • Einarson TR, Leeder JS, Koren G. A method for meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. (childrensmercy.org)
  • This course focuses on the analytical issues of epidemiological studies: biases, confounding, interaction, statistical methods used in case-control and longitudinal studies, and sample size/statistical power. (yu.edu)
  • With the growing number of epidemiologic publications on the relation between dietary factors and cancer risk, pooled analyses that summarize results from multiple studies are becoming more common. (umn.edu)
  • Here, the authors describe the methods being used to summarize data on diet-cancer associations within the ongoing Pooling Project of Prospective Studies of Diet and Cancer, begun in 1991. (umn.edu)
  • Most of the methods used in the Pooling Project may be adapted for examining associations with dietary and nondietary factors in pooled analyses of case-control studies or case-control and cohort studies combined. (umn.edu)
  • This course will focus on epidemiologic methods - primarily methods used in observational studies, cohort studies, case-control studies and randomized controlled trials. (georgiasouthern.edu)
  • This article reviews common dietary assessment methods and their feasibility in epidemiological studies . (bvsalud.org)
  • A short dietary method for epidemiologic studies. (geoscience.net)
  • In epidemiologic studies, cancer stage is an important predictor of outcomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, cancer stage is typically unavailable in medical insurance claims datasets, thus limiting the usefulness of such data for epidemiologic studies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This method may similarly be employed to develop algorithms permitting claims-based epidemiologic studies of patients with other cancers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Administrative medical insurance claims are an important source of population-based data used in epidemiologic studies of various diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Epidemiologic studies of cancer patients typically employ stage variables as covariates or as inclusion and exclusion criteria, and thus it is essential to develop accurate algorithms to account for cancer stage in studies using claims data. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Evaluation of epidemiologic studies in assessing the long-term effects of occupational noxious agents. (sjweh.fi)
  • An optimal recruitment effort cutoff point is provided, and a method is suggested for detecting that optimal point in the course of ongoing studies. (biomedsearch.com)
  • i These advanced courses might prepare students to create and conduct clinical trials and epidemiologic studies. (gradschools.com)
  • One method to improve the design quality and conduct of clinical trials is the use of pilot studies. (news-medical.net)
  • Pilot studies should test key elements of the trial, including recruitment and retention strategies, intervention delivery, data collection methods and adherence to the study protocol. (news-medical.net)
  • The methods, inferential aspects, and applications specific to observational and experimental designs are discussed in greater detail in the courses, Applications of the Case Control Method and Methods and Applications of Cohort Studies. (jhsph.edu)
  • Finally, Conducting Epidemiologic Research deals with the practical aspects of study conduct, such as quality assurance and quality control, and management of multi-center studies. (jhsph.edu)
  • Improving Assessment of Lifetime Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure in Epidemiologic Studies: Comparison of Ultraviolet Exposure Assessment Methods in a Nationwide U.S. Occupational Cohort. (ox.ac.uk)
  • If confirmed elsewhere, the findings suggest that ground-based estimates may improve exposure assessment accuracy and potentially provide new insights into ultraviolet radiation-disease relationships in epidemiologic studies. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Key Issues in Epidemiologic Research: An Overview. (maa.org)
  • This is the first comprehensive text on the methodological issues in epidemiologic research on infectious diseases. (oup.com)
  • In addition, students will learn to perform preliminary analyses of epidemiologic, biostatistical, environmental, and other scientific data to address basic questions related to individual, aggregate, and population health. (umassonline.net)
  • In this innovative new book, Steve Selvin provides readers with a clear understanding of intermediate biostatistical methods without advanced mathematics or statistical theory (for example, no Bayesian statistics, no causal inference, no linear algebra and only a slight hint of calculus). (helsinki.fi)
  • Novel Biostatistical and Epidemiologic Methods awards support the development of novel biostatistical and epidemiologic methods that overcome specifically identified analytic limitations and significantly enhance the validity and accuracy, scope or speed of clinical or translational research. (rochester.edu)
  • In addition to offering basic and advanced courses on epidemiologic and biostatistical concepts and methods that can stand alone, the curriculum allows students combinations of courses that either expand their breadth of knowledge or enable them to delve more deeply into a specialized topic area of their choice. (jhsph.edu)
  • He is an expert in translation at the interface between theoretical biostatisticians and clinical researchers, particularly in developing novel biostatistical methods and solutions with real-world applications. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • This course is designed for students interested in applying their knowledge of intermediate epidemiologic methods to the analysis of observational data. (bu.edu)
  • A recent perspective in this journal ( 1 ) pointed out problems with the present, county-referenced system for reporting spatial epidemiologic data. (cdc.gov)
  • be able to critically review existing epidemiologic literature and interpret the results of a particular study after considering potential sources of errors, including bias and confounding. (uta.fi)
  • Epidemiological research methods / Don McNeil. (who.int)
  • this area focuses on the epidemiologic aspects of the study of aging and research methods, including diseases most common in older person, such as neurodegeneration. (harvard.edu)
  • Responses are expected to demonstrate critical analysis skills, in depth understanding of public health theory, research methods, clear writing skills, and, at times, knowledge of specific content areas. (google.com)
  • You will complete an approved research methods course and a thesis to the value of 120 credits in some branch of veterinary science. (massey.ac.nz)
  • You will complete a flexible course of study, which shall consist of courses totalling at least 240 credits, including an approved research methods course and a thesis to the value of 120 credits in some branch of veterinary science. (massey.ac.nz)
  • The PHPA track also uniquely trains students in both quantitative, econometric policy analysis and qualitative research methods, with application to real-world public health policy problems. (uwm.edu)
  • Thereupon the paper outlines a shift towards more modern epidemiologic study designs, and mentions likelihood-based methods useful for epidemiologic regression analysis. (ispub.com)
  • Navidi and colleagues showed that their bidirectional case-crossover design method provided a better estimate than the standard case-crossover design and illustrated the potential bias in the latter approach. (epa.gov)
  • The material covered is intended to broaden and extend the student's understanding of the elements of study design, data analysis, and inference in epidemiologic research, including issues related to causation, bias, and confounding. (bu.edu)
  • Methods are presented for the assessment and control of confounding, misclassification bias, and selection bias. (bu.edu)
  • Typical statistical analysis of epidemiologic data captures uncertainty due to random sampling variation, but ignores more systematic sources of variation such as selection bias, measurement error, and unobserved confounding. (mdpi.com)
  • This cohort study of breast cancer families is likely to be important in both quantity and quality of data and will serve as a major genetic epidemiologic resource, being free of selection bias and having relevant non- genetic exposure determined in at least four generations. (elsevier.com)
  • This unique volume will discuss the following topics, among others: Minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for outcome measures, Alternative longitudinal study designs, Propensity score methods for observational data, Approaches to deal with missing data, Applied Bayesian Methods in Rheumatology, Qualitative methods, Similarity Network Fusion, Systematic reviews/meta-analysis and randomized trials, and Integrated analysis of data obtained in various reading campaigns of images. (elsevier.com)
  • Eisen and Eisen correctly pointed out that these problems complicate spatial analyses of epidemiologic data ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • However, the solutions that they propose, referencing epidemiologic data to ZIP codes or census tracts, partially solve only the first problem. (cdc.gov)
  • However, there are little data describing the effect of fecal sample collection methods on metabolomic measures. (aacrjournals.org)
  • HEI also funded research targeted to the development of epidemiologic methods in this area of air pollution research and, when possible, to the testing of these methods using appropriate data sets. (epa.gov)
  • Statistical Tools for Epidemiologic Research thoroughly explains not just how statistical data analysis works, but how the analysis is accomplished. (helsinki.fi)
  • Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations. (childrensmercy.org)
  • this area focuses on providing training in the development and application of new methods in epidemiologic research, as well as study design, and data analysis. (harvard.edu)
  • Often, the focus is on quantitative methods such as data analysis, and survey design. (gradschools.com)
  • Examples of such adjustments include changing data collection methods, recruitment strategies or even primary outcomes. (news-medical.net)
  • The course Survival Analysis is a more advanced treatment of the methods for analysis of clinical trial and cohort study time-to-event data. (jhsph.edu)
  • This web-based application includes data instrument design, data entry and management, and data tables needed to store the results that attempt to maximize the advantages of this data collection method. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This data collection method expedited data processing and analysis and eliminated the need for cumbersome and expensive transfer and tracking of forms, data entry, and verification. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Since the introduction of computers, there has been an evolution of improvements in data collection methods corresponding to advances in technology. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We present a summary of the evolution of computerized data collection methods including web development methods. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The example presented in this paper includes questionnaire design, data entry, and data management that attempt to maximize the advantages of this data collection method. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This method has become a popular way to collect data because access to the internet has expanded dramatically, allowing data to be entered directly into a central database. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Development of analytic and informatics methods for translation of data to diagnostics leading to actionable metrics for improving health and prevention of adverse events. (umass.edu)
  • Brown's Master's degree in Biostatistics educates students to become statisticians trained to work in modern data science environments with expertise in theory and methods of statistical inference and modeling, knowledge and experience with tools of data science, and a well-developed skill set in computer programming, strong communication skills and experience working collaboratively. (brown.edu)
  • Use probabilistic and statistical concepts and methods to describe and draw inferences from biomedical data. (brown.edu)
  • Apply appropriate statistical methods to analyze data of different types and structures. (brown.edu)
  • Develop and implement valid and reproducible study designs, including data collection strategies to test hypotheses using novel or current methods. (drexel.edu)
  • The biostatistics aspect may focus on the development and application of theory and methods. (gradschools.com)
  • Dr. Wang is a researcher, mentor and teacher in the field of biostatistics as applied to clinical, translational and epidemiologic research. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Finally, this paper is concerned with the statistical 'frequentist' versus Bayesian approaches to causal inference in epidemiologic research. (ispub.com)
  • The methods used in a large scale study of reproductive health in female semiconductor workers for assessment of menstrual cycle and reproductive characteristics were described. (cdc.gov)
  • This issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics, guest edited by Dr. Sindhu Johnson, will cover Advances in Epidemiologic Methods to Study Rheumatic Diseases. (elsevier.com)
  • This is a third-level epidemiologic methods course intended for advanced Masters and Doctoral students who desire to build depth and nuance in their understanding of cohort study design and conduct. (bu.edu)
  • Participation in lectures, practicals and writing a research plan for a proposed epidemiologic study. (uta.fi)
  • The research plan will be assessed on scale 1-5, based on the public health importance of the topic, background and rationale for the proposed study, clarity in the formulation of the study question, appropriateness of the methods and selected study design, feasibility of conducting the study, and overall clarity of the research plan. (uta.fi)
  • The Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy. (nih.gov)
  • Generous contact efforts were used to recruit 3,004 respondents into the first wave of the St. Louis Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) project, a psychiatric epidemiologic study of the general population, conducted from 1981-1982. (biomedsearch.com)
  • At these levels, students might explore the relationship of disease to human populations, and, methods for how to study those linkages. (gradschools.com)
  • To be most effective, they should test the logistics of the proposed study methods under similar circumstances to the planned trial. (news-medical.net)
  • We provide a detailed example of a web-based method that we developed for a study in Starr County, Texas, assessing high school students' work and health status. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The study of complex exposure mixtures has prompted development of novel statistical methods. (springer.com)
  • A genetic and epidemiologic study of cardiovascular disease in Alaska natives (GOCADAN): design and methods. (uthscsa.edu)
  • This article is a report of the design and methods of the Genetics of Coronary Artery Disease in Alaska Natives (GOCADAN) Study. (uthscsa.edu)
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A genetic and epidemiologic study of cardiovascular disease in Alaska natives (GOCADAN): design and methods. (uthscsa.edu)
  • Describe how epidemiological methods are applied to medicine and how scientific evidence drive decision on clinical practice. (jhsph.edu)
  • Applications of Bayesian methods to epidemiologic research. (springer.com)
  • An analysis by DNA fingerprinting and conventional epidemiologic methods. (nih.gov)
  • This set of courses is intended for persons with rudimentary understanding of statistical reasoning and methods who seek to further their ability to read the scientific literature and conduct statistical analysis. (jhsph.edu)
  • The article is draws mainly from the author's experience of the evolution of epidemiologic methodology while working as a statistical researcher at the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH), 1972-2002. (ispub.com)
  • this area focuses on concept and methods for studying the genetic and psychosocial factors that relate to the prevalence incidence, and outcome of different types of psychiatric illness. (harvard.edu)
  • Her most recent work has largely focused on applying underlying-variable methods in epidemiologic and psychosocial research. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Evaluate basic principles related to environmental and occupational exposure assessment - including sources and characteristics of exposures, mechanisms, and methods for measuring and examining physical, chemical, biological, psychosocial and/or other exposures potentially related to human health. (drexel.edu)
  • Each method has inherent strengths and limitations. (bvsalud.org)
  • Using epidemiologic approaches to determine the health risks of exposure to air pollutants is challenging: it is difficult to measure exposure to the relatively low levels of pollutants to which people are generally exposed, and to find populations with different degrees of pollutant exposure but comparable exposure to potentially confounding factors. (epa.gov)
  • A novel method for calculating potency-weighted cumulative phthalates exposure with implications for identifying racial/ethnic disparities among U.S. reproductive-aged women in NHANES 2001-2012. (springer.com)
  • For instance, students might learn all about epidemiologic methods, and how to design and conduct clinical trials. (gradschools.com)
  • Furthermore, there are venerable questions that need to be reconsidered in light of social changes, molecular methods or deepening understanding of key concepts or new statistical tools. (lww.com)
  • How should methods of disease ascertainment change in response to advances in molecular diagnostics or to increased population mobility? (lww.com)
  • Although the epidemiologic techniques and general principles remain valid, the usage described of certain drugs, vaccines, and other specific health-related strategies may be obsolete. (cdc.gov)
  • A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts is based on a collection of contributions which appeared in "SPM International Journal of Public Health", starting in January 2001. (springer.com)
  • The course is intended to provide students with the skills and knowledge to critically evaluate health research based on epidemiologic standards. (umassonline.net)
  • How specifically would this method be implemented in public health surveillance? (cdc.gov)
  • Students who encounter these and methods in subsequent classes (or work) will have a better understanding of how they fit in public health. (bu.edu)
  • This method is a stochastic representation of the process, modeled usefully as a Markov process, which produces the health realizations with death as the final state. (ispub.com)
  • Details of this dynamic method and its advantages are reviewed and the code is available for non-profit use only to the public health research community as a free download. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A background of Epidemiologic equipment and Concepts relies on a set of contributions which seemed in "SPM overseas magazine of Public Health", beginning in January 2001. (bhopalchest.com)
  • This course covers the theory and application of key principles and methods of epidemiologic research in depth. (bu.edu)
  • Difficult-to-recruit respondents and their effect on prevalence estimates in an epidemiologic survey. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The epidemiologic perspective: water hardness and cardiovascular disease. (semanticscholar.org)
  • To achieve this goal we first established a standardized MIC testing method for aquatic bacterial pathogens, then used this method to determine the in vitro susceptibility cutoff concentration (epidemiologic cutoff value) for OTC (and three other antimicrobial agents) against 217 A. salmonicida isolates. (umd.edu)
  • Either of the AUCss values divided by the current epidemiologic cutoff value for A. salmonicida isolates (1 μg/mL) yields a product greater than this AUCss/MIC target of ≥5. (umd.edu)
  • This one-week intensive will address a set of epidemiologic issues on each day through a formal lecture, group discussion, small group exercises, and student presentations. (bu.edu)
  • Epidemiologic methods for prospective assessment of menstrual cycle and reproductive characteristics in female semiconductor workers. (cdc.gov)
  • We offer a series of courses for those seeking an in-depth yet rapid introduction to the methods of quantitative clinical research. (jhsph.edu)
  • How are qualitative methods used in implementation science research? (harvard.edu)
  • Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) estimating technical reproducibility were high for replicate samples for each collection method. (aacrjournals.org)
  • and development of epidemiologic methods. (cdc.gov)