Abnormal increase of EOSINOPHILS in the blood, tissues or organs.
A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.
Granular leukocytes with a nucleus that usually has two lobes connected by a slender thread of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing coarse, round granules that are uniform in size and stainable by eosin.
Solitary or multiple benign cutaneous nodules comprised of immature and mature vascular structures intermingled with endothelial cells and a varied infiltrate of eosinophils, histiocytes, lymphocytes, and mast cells.
A cytokine that promotes differentiation and activation of EOSINOPHILS. It also triggers activated B-LYMPHOCYTES to differentiate into IMMUNOGLOBULIN-secreting cells.
A heterogeneous group of disorders with the common feature of prolonged eosinophilia of unknown cause and associated organ system dysfunction, including the heart, central nervous system, kidneys, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and skin. There is a massive increase in the number of EOSINOPHILS in the blood, mimicking leukemia, and extensive eosinophilic infiltration of the various organs.
An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.
A CC-type chemokine that is specific for CCR3 RECEPTORS. It is a potent chemoattractant for EOSINOPHILS.
Cytotaxins liberated from normal or invading cells that specifically attract eosinophils; they may be complement fragments, lymphokines, neutrophil products, histamine or other; the best known is the tetrapeptide ECF-A, released mainly by mast cells.
Infection by round worms of the genus TOXOCARA, usually found in wild and domesticated cats and dogs and foxes, except for the larvae, which may produce visceral and ocular larva migrans in man.
Chronic ESOPHAGITIS characterized by esophageal mucosal EOSINOPHILIA. It is diagnosed when an increase in EOSINOPHILS are present over the entire esophagus. The reflux symptoms fail to respond to PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS treatment, unlike in GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE. The symptoms are associated with IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to food or inhalant allergens.
Widespread necrotizing angiitis with granulomas. Pulmonary involvement is frequent. Asthma or other respiratory infection may precede evidence of vasculitis. Eosinophilia and lung involvement differentiate this disease from POLYARTERITIS NODOSA.
An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
A form of hypersensitivity affecting the respiratory tract. It includes ASTHMA and RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
A species of parasitic nematode found in the intestine of dogs. Lesions in the brain, liver, eye, kidney, and lung are caused by migrating larvae. In humans, these larvae do not follow normal patterns and may produce visceral larva migrans (LARVA MIGRANS, VISCERAL).
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A 66-kDa peroxidase found in EOSINOPHIL granules. Eosinophil peroxidase is a cationic protein with a pI of 10.8 and is comprised of a heavy chain subunit and a light chain subunit. It possesses cytotoxic activity towards BACTERIA and other organisms, which is attributed to its peroxidase activity.
Proteins found in EOSINOPHIL granules. They are primarily basic proteins that play a role in host defense and the proinflammatory actions of activated eosinophils.
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
A CC-type chemokine with specificity for CCR3 RECEPTORS. It is a chemoattractant for EOSINOPHILS.
Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.
Infections with nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA.
An infection with TRICHINELLA. It is caused by eating raw or undercooked meat that is infected with larvae of nematode worms TRICHINELLA genus. All members of the TRICHINELLA genus can infect human in addition to TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS, the traditional etiological agent. It is distributed throughout much of the world and is re-emerging in some parts as a public health hazard and a food safety problem.
A cytokine synthesized by T-LYMPHOCYTES that produces proliferation, immunoglobulin isotype switching, and immunoglobulin production by immature B-LYMPHOCYTES. It appears to play a role in regulating inflammatory and immune responses.
Immunologically mediated adverse reactions to medicinal substances used legally or illegally.
Group of chemokines with adjacent cysteines that are chemoattractants for lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils but not neutrophils.
Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
A 19-kDa cationic peptide found in EOSINOPHIL granules. Eosinophil-derived neurotoxin is a RIBONUCLEASE and may play a role as an endogenous antiviral agent.
Infection with nematodes of the genus STRONGYLOIDES. The presence of larvae may produce pneumonitis and the presence of adult worms in the intestine could lead to moderate to severe diarrhea.
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES.
A soluble factor produced by activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that induces the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES and FC RECEPTORS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and causes their proliferation and differentiation. It also acts on T-lymphocytes, MAST CELLS, and several other hematopoietic lineage cells.
Inflammation of the fascia. There are three major types: 1, Eosinophilic fasciitis, an inflammatory reaction with eosinophilia, producing hard thickened skin with an orange-peel configuration suggestive of scleroderma and considered by some a variant of scleroderma; 2, Necrotizing fasciitis (FASCIITIS, NECROTIZING), a serious fulminating infection (usually by a beta hemolytic streptococcus) causing extensive necrosis of superficial fascia; 3, Nodular/Pseudosarcomatous /Proliferative fasciitis, characterized by a rapid growth of fibroblasts with mononuclear inflammatory cells and proliferating capillaries in soft tissue, often the forearm; it is not malignant but is sometimes mistaken for fibrosarcoma.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
A complex systemic syndrome with inflammatory and autoimmune components that affect the skin, fascia, muscle, nerve, blood vessels, lung, and heart. Diagnostic features generally include EOSINOPHILIA, myalgia severe enough to limit usual activities of daily living, and the absence of coexisting infectious, autoimmune or other conditions that may induce eosinophilia. Biopsy of affected tissue reveals a microangiopathy associated with diffuse inflammation involving connective tissue. (From Spitzer et al., J Rheumatol Suppl 1996 Oct;46:73-9; Blackburn WD, Semin Arthritis Rheum 1997 Jun;26(6):788-93)
Infections of the lungs with parasites, most commonly by parasitic worms (HELMINTHS).
Opportunistic fungal infection by a member of ALTERNARIA genus.
Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.
Swelling involving the deep DERMIS, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues, representing localized EDEMA. Angioedema often occurs in the face, lips, tongue, and larynx.
A genus of ascarid nematodes commonly parasitic in the intestines of cats and dogs.
Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.
A genus of parasitic nematodes widely distributed as intestinal parasites of mammals.
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
A condition characterized by the thickening of the ventricular ENDOCARDIUM and subendocardium (MYOCARDIUM), seen mostly in children and young adults in the TROPICAL CLIMATE. The fibrous tissue extends from the apex toward and often involves the HEART VALVES causing restrictive blood flow into the respective ventricles (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE).
Washing out of the lungs with saline or mucolytic agents for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It is very useful in the diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in immunosuppressed patients.
An anthelmintic used primarily as the citrate in the treatment of filariasis, particularly infestations with Wucheria bancrofti or Loa loa.
Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.
A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA whose species usually inhabit the intestine.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A condition produced in man by the prolonged migration of animal nematode larvae in extraintestinal tissues other than skin; characterized by persistent hypereosinophilia, hepatomegaly, and frequently pneumonitis, commonly caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati.
Infection with TREMATODA of the genus PARAGONIMUS.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
A quaternary ammonium parasympathomimetic agent with the muscarinic actions of ACETYLCHOLINE. It is hydrolyzed by ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE at a considerably slower rate than ACETYLCHOLINE and is more resistant to hydrolysis by nonspecific CHOLINESTERASES so that its actions are more prolonged. It is used as a parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor agent and as a diagnostic aid for bronchial asthma. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1116)
A glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.
Disordered formation of various types of leukocytes or an abnormal accumulation or deficiency of these cells.
A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by the abnormal increase of MAST CELLS in only the skin (MASTOCYTOSIS, CUTANEOUS), in extracutaneous tissues involving multiple organs (MASTOCYTOSIS, SYSTEMIC), or in solid tumors (MASTOCYTOMA).
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Blocking of a blood vessel by CHOLESTEROL-rich atheromatous deposits, generally occurring in the flow from a large artery to small arterial branches. It is also called arterial-arterial embolization or atheroembolism which may be spontaneous or iatrogenic. Patients with spontaneous atheroembolism often have painful, cyanotic digits of acute onset.
A genus of tapeworm, containing several species, found as adults in birds and mammals. The larvae or cysticercoid stage develop in invertebrates. Human infection has been reported and is probably acquired from eating inadequately cooked meat of animals infected with the second larval stage known as the tetrahythridium.
A characteristic symptom complex.
A genus of intestinal nematode parasites belonging to the superfamily HELIGMOSOMATOIDEA, which commonly occurs in rats but has been experimentally transmitted to other rodents and rabbits. Infection is usually through the skin.
Severe drug eruption characterized by high fever, erythematous rash and inflammation of internal organ(s).
CCR receptors with specificity for CHEMOKINE CCL11 and a variety of other CC CHEMOKINES. They are expressed at high levels in T-LYMPHOCYTES; EOSINOPHILS; BASOPHILS; and MAST CELLS.
The most benign and common form of Langerhans-cell histiocytosis which involves localized nodular lesions predominantly of the bones but also of the gastric mucosa, small intestine, lungs, or skin, with infiltration by EOSINOPHILS.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Focal accumulations of EDEMA fluid in the NASAL MUCOSA accompanied by HYPERPLASIA of the associated submucosal connective tissue. Polyps may be NEOPLASMS, foci of INFLAMMATION, degenerative lesions, or malformations.
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
Phthalic acid anhydrides. Can be substituted on any carbon atom. Used extensively in industry and as a reagent in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.
Tests involving inhalation of allergens (nebulized or in dust form), nebulized pharmacologically active solutions (e.g., histamine, methacholine), or control solutions, followed by assessment of respiratory function. These tests are used in the diagnosis of asthma.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
An evanescent cutaneous reaction occurring when antibody is injected into a local area on the skin and antigen is subsequently injected intravenously along with a dye. The dye makes the rapidly occurring capillary dilatation and increased vascular permeability readily visible by leakage into the reaction site. PCA is a sensitive reaction for detecting very small quantities of antibodies and is also a method for studying the mechanisms of immediate hypersensitivity.
Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic flukes of the genus FASCIOLA, such as FASCIOLA HEPATICA.
A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.
A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Methylmaleic anhydrides.
INFLAMMATION of PLEURA, the lining of the LUNG. When PARIETAL PLEURA is involved, there is pleuritic CHEST PAIN.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
A genus of parasitic nematodes that occurs in mammals including man. Infection in humans is either by larvae penetrating the skin or by ingestion of uncooked fish.
Infections with nematodes of the genus GNATHOSTOMA, superfamily THELAZIOIDEA. Gnathostomiasis is a food-borne zoonosis caused by eating undercooked or raw fish or meat.
A species of parasitic nematodes distributed throughout the Pacific islands that infests the lungs of domestic rats. Human infection, caused by consumption of raw slugs and land snails, results in eosinophilic meningitis.
The type species of PNEUMOVIRUS and an important cause of lower respiratory disease in infants and young children. It frequently presents with bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and is further characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, and pallor.
Primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent infections and hyperimmunoglobulinemia E. Most cases are sporadic. Of the rare familial forms, the dominantly inherited subtype has additional connective tissue, dental and skeletal involvement that the recessive type does not share.
Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)
A multifunctional cytokine secreted by primarily by activated TH2 CELLS that may play a role as a regulator of allergic INFLAMMATION. It has been shown to enhance the growth and CELL DIFFERENTIATION of MAST CELLS, and can act on a variety of other immune cells.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
One of several basic proteins released from EOSINOPHIL cytoplasmic granules. Eosinophil major basic protein is a 14-kDa cytotoxic peptide with a pI of 10.9. In addition to its direct cytotoxic effects, it stimulates the release of variety of INFLAMMATION MEDIATORS.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
A superfamily of nematodes of the order ENOPLIDA. Its organisms have a well developed intestine and rectum.
Granular leukocytes characterized by a relatively pale-staining, lobate nucleus and cytoplasm containing coarse dark-staining granules of variable size and stainable by basic dyes.
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
INFLAMMATION, acute or chronic, of the ESOPHAGUS caused by BACTERIA, chemicals, or TRAUMA.
Substances that are recognized by the immune system and induce an immune reaction.
Agents causing the narrowing of the lumen of a bronchus or bronchiole.

Toxic oil syndrome mortality: the first 13 years. (1/1319)

BACKGROUND: The toxic oil syndrome (TOS) epidemic that occurred in Spain in the spring of 1981 caused approximately 20000 cases of a new illness. Overall mortality and mortality by cause in this cohort through 1994 are described for the first time in this report. METHODS: We contacted, via mail or telephone, almost every living member of the cohort and family members of those who were known to have died in order to identify all deaths from 1 May 1981 through 31 December 1994. Cause of death data were collected from death certificates and underlying causes of death were coded using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision. RESULTS: We identified 1663 deaths between 1 May 1981 and 31 December 1994 among 19 754 TOS cohort members, for a crude mortality rate of 8.4%. Mortality was highest during 1981, with a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 4.92 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.39-5.50) compared with the Spanish population as a whole. The highest SMR, (20.41, 95% CI: 15.97-25.71) was seen among women aged 20-39 years during the period from 1 May 1981 through 31 December 1982. Women <40 years old, who were affected by TOS , were at greater risk for death in most time periods than their unaffected peers, while older women and men were not. Over the follow-up period, mortality of the cohort was less than expected when compared with mortality of the general Spanish population, or with mortality of the population of the 14 provinces where the epidemic occurred. We also found that, except for deaths attributed to external causes including TOS and deaths due to pulmonary hypertension, all causes of death were decreased in TOS patients compared to the Spanish population. The most frequent underlying causes of death were TOS, 350 (21.1%); circulatory disorders, 536 (32.3%); and malignancies, 310 (18.7%). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that while on average people affected by toxic oil syndrome are not at greater risk for death over the 13-year study period than any of the comparison groups, women <40 years old were at greater risk of death.  (+info)

Eotaxin contributes to renal interstitial eosinophilia. (2/1319)

BACKGROUND: A potent eosinophil chemotactic cytokine, human eotaxin, is directly chemotactic for eosinophils. Therefore, the specific expression of eotaxin in tissue might play a crucial role in tissue eosinophilia. However, the precise molecular mechanism of the recruitment and activation of eosinophils in human renal diseases remains to be investigated. We evaluated the role of eotaxin in the pathogenesis of human diffuse interstitial nephritis with marked infiltration of eosinophils. METHODS: In this study, we examined 20 healthy volunteers. 56 patients with primary or secondary glomerular diseases and two hypereosinophilic syndrome patients without renal involvement. Urinary and serum eotaxin levels were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We also detected the presence of eotaxin protein immunohistochemically. RESULTS: On the one hand, urinary levels of eotaxin were significantly higher before the initiation of glucocorticoid administration in the patient with interstitial nephritis with marked infiltration of eosinophils. On the other hand, urinary eotaxin levels were not detected in any patients with nephrotic syndrome, interstitial nephritis without eosinophils, hypereosinophilic syndrome without renal involvement or other renal diseases. Serum eotaxin levels were not detected in any of the patients. Therefore, the detection of eotaxin in the urine was specific for renal interstitial eosinophilia. Moreover, endothelial cells, infiltrating mononuclear cells and renal epithelial cells in the tubulointerstitial lesions were immunostained with specific anti-eotaxin antibodies. Furthermore, the elevated urinary levels of eotaxin decreased dramatically during glucocorticoid-induced convalescence. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that in situ expression of eotaxin may provide a new mechanism to explain the renal interstitial eosinophil infiltration.  (+info)

A case of eosinophilic myocarditis complicated by Kimura's disease (eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma) and erythroderma. (3/1319)

This report describes a patient with eosinophilic myocarditis complicated by Kimura's disease (eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma) and erythroderma. A 50-year-old man presented with a complaint of precordial pain. However, the only abnormal finding on examinatioin was eosinophilia (1617 eosinophils/microl). Three years later, the patient developed chronic eczema, and was diagnosed with erythroderma posteczematosa. One year later, a tumor was detected in the right auricule, and a diagnosis of Kimura's disease was made, based on the biopsy findings. The patient developed progressive dyspnea 6 months later and was found to have cardiomegaly and a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (17%). A diagnosis of eosinophilic myocarditis was made based on the results of a right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy. The eosinophilic myocarditis and erythrodrema were treated with steroids with improvement of both the eosinophilia and left ventricular function.  (+info)

Differential chemokine expression in tissues involved by Hodgkin's disease: direct correlation of eotaxin expression and tissue eosinophilia. (4/1319)

Hodgkin's disease (HD) is a lymphoid malignancy characterized by infrequent malignant cells surrounded by abundant inflammatory cells. In this study, we examined the potential contribution of chemokines to inflammatory cell recruitment in different subtypes of HD. Chemokines are small proteins that are active as chemoattractants and regulators of cell activation. We found that HD tissues generally express higher levels of interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), Mig, RANTES, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), and eotaxin, but not macrophage-derived chemotactic factor (MDC), than tissues from lymphoid hyperplasia (LH). Within HD subtypes, expression of IP-10 and Mig was highest in the mixed cellularity (MC) subtype, whereas expression of eotaxin and MDC was highest in the nodular sclerosis (NS) subtype. A significant direct correlation was detected between evidence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in the neoplastic cells and levels of expression of IP-10, RANTES, and MIP-1alpha. Levels of eotaxin expression correlated directly with the extent of tissue eosinophilia. By immunohistochemistry, IP-10, Mig, and eotaxin proteins localized in the malignant Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells and their variants, and to some surrounding inflammatory cells. Eotaxin was also detected in fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells of vessels. These results provide evidence of high level chemokine expression in HD tissues and suggest that chemokines may play an important role in the recruitment of inflammatory cell infiltrates into tissues involved by HD.  (+info)

Treatment with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon (IFN(alpha 2b)) after autologous bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in onco-hematological malignancies with a high risk of relapse. (5/1319)

Nine patients with onco-hematological malignancies with a poor prognosis due to high risk of relapse received immunotherapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon (IFN(alpha 2b)) s.c. as maintenance therapy after receiving autologous bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (ABMT/PBSCT). All the patients were considered at very high risk of relapse. We attempted to assess the efficiency, toxicity and clinical effects of these cytokines in these patients. Five patients were treated with high-dose of IL-2 and the other four patients with escalating doses every month. Side-effects in the first group of patients consisted of fever, chills, weakness, nausea, anorexia, loss of weight and local dermatitis in the injection site. Toxicity on the WHO scale was grade II in three patients and grade IV in the other two patients. In the second group of patients, the same clinical signs of toxicity appeared, but these were grade I on the WHO scale in all patients. None of the patients had infections or died in relation to administration of IL-2. Four patients died of relapse or progression of their hematological malignancies. The other five patients are alive, one in chronic phase of CML and the other four patients are in complete remission of their malignancies.  (+info)

CD8 T cells are essential in the development of respiratory syncytial virus-induced lung eosinophilia and airway hyperresponsiveness. (6/1319)

Viral respiratory infections can cause bronchial hyperresponsiveness and exacerbate asthma. In mice, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection results in airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and eosinophil influx into the airways. The immune cell requirements for these responses to RSV infection are not well defined. To delineate the role of CD8 T cells in the development of RSV-induced AHR and lung eosinophilia, we tested the ability of mice depleted of CD8 T cells to develop these symptoms of RSV infection. BALB/c mice were depleted of CD8 T cells using anti-CD8 Ab treatment before intranasal administration of infectious RSV. Six days postinfection, airway responsiveness to inhaled methacholine was assessed by barometric body plethysmography, and numbers of lung eosinophils and levels of IFN-gamma, IL-4, and IL-5 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were monitored. RSV infection resulted in airway eosinophilia and AHR in control mice, but not in CD8-depleted animals. Further, whereas RSV-infected mice secreted increased amounts of IL-5 into the airways as compared with noninfected controls, no IL-5 was detectable in both bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and culture supernatants from CD8-depleted animals. Treatment of CD8-depleted mice with IL-5 fully restored both lung eosinophilia and AHR. We conclude that CD8 T cells are essential for the influx of eosinophils into the lung and the development of AHR in response to RSV infection.  (+info)

Poverty and eosinophilia are risk factors for endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) in Uganda. (7/1319)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative risks of socio-demographic, dietary, and environmental factors for endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) in Uganda. METHOD: Unmatched case control study in Mulago Hospital, Kampala. Cases (n = 61) were sequential patients hospitalized with an echocardiographic diagnosis of EMF from June 1995 to March 1996. Controls (n = 120) were concurrent patients with other forms of heart disease (heart controls, n = 59) and subjects admitted for trauma or elective surgery (hospital controls, n = 61). All consenting subjects answered a structured questionnaire administered by trained interviewers. Complete blood counts, malaria films and stool examination for ova and parasites were performed. Questionnaires elicited information on home address, economic circumstances, variables concerned with environmental exposures and usual diet before becoming ill. RESULTS: After adjustment for age and sex, cases were significantly more likely than controls to have Rwanda/Burundi ethnic origins (P = 0.008). Compared with controls, cases had a lower level of education (P < 0.001 for heart controls and P = 0.07 for hospital controls), were more likely to be peasants (P < 0.001), and to come from Luwero or Mukono Districts (P = 0.003). After further adjustment for peasant occupation, cases were more likely than controls to walk barefoot (P = 0.015), consume cassava as their staple food (P < 0.001) and to lack fish or meat in dietary sauces (P = 0.02). Cases were more likely to exhibit absolute eosinophilia (P = 0.006). The effect of cassava diet was more marked in the younger age group, while the effect of eosinophilia was greater in adults. Socio-economic disadvantage is a risk for EMF. Absolute eosinophilia is a putative cause of EMF, a finding not explained by parasitism. CONCLUSION: Data indicate that relative poverty and environmental factors triggering eosinophilia appear to act in a geographically restricted region of Uganda in the aetiology of EMF.  (+info)

An adoptive transfer model of allergic lung inflammation in mice is mediated by CD4+CD62LlowCD25+ T cells. (8/1319)

Animal models of allergic lung inflammation have provided important insight into the cellular and biochemical factors involved in the pathogenesis of human asthma. Herein, we describe an adoptive transfer model of OVA-specific eosinophilic lung inflammation in the mouse that is used to characterize the cells involved in mediating the pulmonary inflammatory response. We report that freshly isolated spleen cells from OVA-sensitized mice are unable to prime naive recipient mice to respond to a subsequent OVA aerosol challenge. Subjecting the spleen cells to short term restimulation with Ag in vitro, however, renders the cells competent to transfer activity. The magnitude and the kinetics of the eosinophilic pulmonary inflammation in the adoptive transfer recipients are nearly identical with those generated by a more conventional active sensitization/challenge protocol, with the notable exception of differential production of plasma IgE in the two models. Extensive negative and positive selection of splenocyte subtypes indicates that the transfer of Ag-primed CD4+ T cells is both necessary and sufficient to establish full responsiveness in the recipient mice. Additional phenotypic characterization of the transfer-reactive CD4+ T cells indicates that they are found within the CD62LlowCD25+ subset and secrete high levels of IL-5 in response to Ag stimulation. Limiting dilution analysis-derived minimal frequency estimates indicate that approximately 1 in 8500 of the sensitized, cultured spleen cells produces IL-5 in response to OVA stimulation in vitro, suggesting that eosinophilic lung inflammation can be induced in naive mice by the transfer of <1200 Ag-specific CD4+ T cells.  (+info)

Synonyms for Eosinophilic gastroenteritis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Eosinophilic gastroenteritis. 2 synonyms for gastroenteritis: intestinal flu, stomach flu. What are synonyms for Eosinophilic gastroenteritis?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Peripheral eosinophilia in the diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. AU - Bhattacharyya, Neil. AU - Fried, Marvin P.. PY - 2001/1/1. Y1 - 2001/1/1. N2 - Purpose: To determine the relationship between peripheral blood eosinophilia and chronic rhinosinusitis. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of consecutive operative cases during 1 calendar year. The preoperative complete blood count (CBC) were tabulated for three groups of patients: Those undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery, those undergoing septoplasty with turbinate reduction alone, and a nonrhinologic control group. Statistical analysis was performed to determine differences in the components of the CBC among these three groups of patients and to identify significant associations between abnormal peripheral eosinophil counts and these diagnoses. Results: A total of 87, 32, and 92 patients were identified for the endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), septoplasty, and control groups, respectively. Significant ...
The purpose of this study was to quantify peripheral eosinophil count and percentage of eosinophils in white blood cell (WBC) count of the patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and look for the correlation between the CT scores and peripheral eosinophilia. Peripheral eosinophil counts and the percentages of eosinophils in white blood cell count (WBC) were statistically compared with CT scores in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients. We also statistically analyzed the peripheral eosinophil counts and the percentages of eosinophils in WBC counts between CRS patients and healthy ones. We found significant difference between CRS group and control group for peripheral eosinophil count, and percentage of eosinophils in WBC count (p=0.001 and p<0.001) respectively. We observed no correlation between CT scores and both peripheral eosinophil counts, or percentages of eosinophils in WBC counts (p=0.067and p=0.051) respectively. Although eosinophil seems as the dominator cell of CRS patients in ...
Doctor answers on Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More: Dr. Yen on causes of eosinophilic gastroenteritis: It is a viral infection of the GI tract. It can be picked up from contact with surfaces, foods, living things, etc. That are carrying the virus. The best prevention is frequent hand washing and proper food preparation. for topic: Causes Of Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis
Eosinophilia (e-o-sin-o-FILL-e-uh) is a higher than normal level of eosinophils. Eosinophils are a type of disease-fighting white blood cell. This condition most often indicates a parasitic infection, an allergic reaction or cancer.. You can have high levels of eosinophils in your blood (blood eosinophilia) or in tissues at the site of an infection or inflammation (tissue eosinophilia).. Tissue eosinophilia may be found in samples taken during an exploratory procedure or in samples of certain fluids, such as mucus released from nasal tissues. If you have tissue eosinophilia, the level of eosinophils in your bloodstream is likely normal.. Blood eosinophilia may be detected with a blood test, usually as part of a complete blood count. A count of more than 500 eosinophils per microliter of blood is generally considered eosinophilia in adults. A count of more than 1,500 eosinophils per microliter of blood that lasts for several months is called hypereosinophilia.. Eosinophils play two roles in your ...
Interleukin (IL)-9 is a Th2-derived cytokine with pleiotropic biological effects, which recently has been proposed as a candidate gene for asthma and allergy. We aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of a neutralizing anti-IL-9 antibody in a mouse model of airway eosinophilic inflammation and compared any such effect with anti-IL-5 treatment. OVA-sensitized Balb/c mice were intraperitoneally pretreated with a single dose (100 μg) of an anti-mouse IL-9 monoclonal antibody (clone D9302C12) or its vehicle. A third group was given 50 μg of a monoclonal anti-mouse IL-5 antibody (TRFK-5) or its vehicle. Animals were subsequently exposed to OVA on five days via airways. Newly produced eosinophils were labelled using 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU). BrdU+ eosinophils and CD34+ cell numbers were examined by immunocytochemistry. After culture and stimulation with OVA or PMA+IC, intracellular staining of IL-9 in bone marrow cells from OVA-exposed animals was measured by Flow Cytometry. The Mann-Whitney U-test
Hodgkin lymphoma (Hodgkins disease) often elicits severe eosinophilia; however, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and leukemia produce less marked eosinophilia.[3] Of solid tumor neoplasms, ovarian cancer is most likely to provoke eosinophilia, though any other cancer can cause the condition.[3] Solid epithelial cell tumors have been shown to cause both tissue and blood eosinophilia, with some reports indicating that this may be mediated by interleukin production by tumor cells, especially IL-5 or IL-3.[2] This has also been shown to occur in Hodgkin lymphoma, in the form of IL-5 secreted by Reed-Sternberg cells.[2] In primary cutaneous T cell lymphoma, blood and dermal eosinophilia are often seen. Lymphoma cells have also been shown to produce IL-5 in these disorders. Other types of lymphoid malignancies have been associated with eosinophilia, as in lymphoblastic leukemia with a translocation between chromosomes 5 and 14 or alterations in the genes which encode platelet-derived growth factor receptors ...
Sudhir Kumar Vujhini1 Indira Velagandla2, Hari Shanker Vallakati3, Mahesh Kumar Kandukuri4, Kishori D5, Swetha6. 1Assosciate professor, 2Professor and Head, 3Professor, 4Asst. Professor, 5Asst. Professor, 6Asst. Professor, Dept. of Pathology, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.. Dear Sir,. Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis (EG) is a rare inflammatory disorder of gastrointestinal tract of unknown etiology. It is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of bowel wall from esophagus to rectum, most commonly, the stomach and duodenum, peripheral eosinophilia and various gastrointestinal manifestations. Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion and exclusion of various disorders that are associated with peripheral eosinophilia.. We report a rare case of a 36-year-old man presented with mild upper abdominal pain, tenesmus and frequency of bowel motion. The patient had no past history of ulcer pain and had not had any abdominal operations. There was no history ...
Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of eosinophilic gastroenteritis. Comparisons may be useful for a differential diagnosis:. Whipples disease is an uncommon digestive disorder of microbial origin that affects the lining of the small intestine and results in malabsorption of nutrients. This disorder may also affect other organs of the body. (For more information on this disorder, choose Whipple as your search term in the Rare Disease Database.). Refractory celiac disease is a chronic intestinal malabsorption disorder caused by intolerance to gluten, an insoluble component of wheat and other grains. Clinical and/or histologic improvement of symptoms follows withdrawal of dietary gluten-containing grains. (For more information on this disorder, choose refractory celiac disease as your search term in the Rare Disease Database.). Mastocytosis is a genetic disorder characterized by abnormal accumulations of a particular type of cell (mast cells) normally found in ...
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rarely reported condition of ferrets. This article reviews three cases of suspected EGE in ferrets, summarizes the presenting signs, differential diagnoses, and treatment options, and discusses some question raised by this disease in ferrets. Immune suppression by means of prednisolone therapy is currently the treatment of choice.
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis in dogs is an inflammatory condition of the stomach and intestines, which often leads to vomiting and diarrhea in the dog.
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis in cats is a type of inflammatory intestinal and stomach disease involving white blood cells. - Wag! (formerly Vetary)
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG) is a rare disease that includes a spectrum of clinical presentations, characterized by eosinophilic gastrointestinal infiltration in the..
A child with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) has high levels of a certain white blood cell in the GI tract and bloodstream. Learn more from the experts at Childrens Health.
Introduction. Posaconazole is a triazole antifungal that is used in the treatment of a variety of fungal infections, as well as in the management of mucormycosis (on an off-label basis). Eosinophilia associated with exposure to azole antifungals has been described rarely in the literature. Case presentation. A 31-year-old male on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for end-stage renal disease, secondary to diabetic nephropathy, presented to hospital with abdominal pain after a trip to St Lucia. He was taken to the operating room, where the PD catheter was removed and an abdominal-wall abscess was debrided. R hizopus species was recovered on culture of the abdominal-wall tissue, and the patient was started on amphotericin B deoxycholate. He was subsequently stepped down to posaconazole, for a planned treatment duration of 12 months. Approximately 43 days after the initiation of posaconazole, it was noted that his peripheral eosinophil count started to rise. No other cause for the eosinophilia was identified.
Tropical (pulmonary) eosinophilia, or TPE, is characterized by coughing, asthmatic attacks, and an enlarged spleen, and is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, a filarial infection. It occurs most frequently in India and Southeast Asia. Tropical eosinophilia is considered a manifestation of a species of microfilaria. This disease can be confused with tuberculosis, asthma, or coughs related to roundworms. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is a rare, but well recognised, syndrome characterised by pulmonary interstitial infiltrates and marked peripheral eosinophilia. This condition is more widely recognised and promptly diagnosed in filariasis-endemic regions, such as the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Asia and South America. In nonendemic countries, patients are commonly thought to have bronchial asthma. Chronic symptoms may delay the diagnosis by up to five years. Early recognition and treatment with the antifilarial drug, diethylcarbamazine, is important, as delay before treatment may lead to progressive ...
An abnormally high number of eosinophils in the blood. Normally, eosinophils constitute 1 to 3% of the peripheral blood leukocytes, at a count of 350 to 650 per cubic millimeter. Eosinophilia can be categorized as mild (less than 1500 eosinophils per cubic millimeter), moderate (1500 to 5000 per cubic millimeter), or severe (more than 5000 per cubic millimeter). In areas of the world where parasitic diseases are common, they are the usual cause of eosinophilia. In developed nations, eosinophilia is most often due to allergy or, less often, a drug reaction. There are numerous other causes of eosinophilia, but individually they are quite uncommon. Eosinophilia may be primary or secondary. In primary eosinophilia, the increased production of eosinophils is due to an abnormality in a hematopoietic stem cell as, for example, in eosinophilic leukemia. In secondary eosinophilia, the increased production of eosinophils is a reactive process driven by cytokines, as is the case in allergy. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma with eosinophilia associated with subsequent myeloid malignancy. AU - Abruzzo, L. V.. AU - Jaffe, E. S.. AU - Cotelingam, J. D.. AU - Whang-Peng, J.. AU - Del Duca, V.. AU - Medeiros, L. J.. PY - 1992/1/1. Y1 - 1992/1/1. N2 - Three patients with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma and peripheral blood eosinophilia are reported. At the time of diagnosis, all patients had lymphadenopathy, and one had a mediastinal mass. Lymph node biopsies revealed lymphoblastic lymphoma admixed with a variable number of mature eosinophils. Immunophenotypic studies demonstrated that each lymphoma had an immature T- cell immunophenotype. Bone marrow biopsies were hypercellular with myeloid hyperplasia and eosinophilia but were negative for lymphoma. All patients received multiagent chemotherapy; one patient achieved a complete remission, and two patients had partial remissions. All patients subsequently developed a myeloid malignancy. Two died of acute myeloid leukemia within ...
Subjects admitted on this protocol will have elevated eosinophil counts in the peripheral blood or tissues or will be relatives of subjects with eosinophilia. Eosinophilic subjects will undergo an extensive clinical evaluation focused on the identification of the cause of eosinophilia and the presence of end organ manifestations. In addition, they will be characterized in detail immunologically, and their blood cells and/or serum will be collected to provide reagents (eg. specific antibodies, T-cell clones, etc.) that will be used in the laboratory to address broader questions relating to the etiology of eosinophilia, its immunoregulation, the degree and source of eosinophil activation, and/or the functional role of eosinophils in the afferent arm of those immune response where they are prominent. While the protocol is not primarily designed to study treatment of patients with blood and tissue eosinophilia, the clinical and immunological responses to various medically indicated therapies will be ...
It has been shown that a management strategy that aims to minimise eosinophilic airway inflammation and symptoms is associated with a significant reduction in the frequency of COPD exacerbations requiring hospital admission. The majority of this benefit occurred in patients with significant eosinophilic airway inflammation. The management strategy was associated with no overall increase in the use of inhaled or oral corticosteroids, although there was evidence that increased corticosteroid therapy was targeted to patients with eosinophilic airway inflammation in the intervention group. No difference was observed in the frequency of mild, self-managed exacerbations or in the frequency of moderate exacerbations requiring GP or unscheduled clinic review.. The present findings suggest an association between eosinophilic airway inflammation and severe exacerbations of COPD. This interpretation is consistent with earlier work identifying increased eosinophilic airway inflammation at the time of a COPD ...
This group is for parents who have children with an eosinophilic disorder such as eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG), eosinophilic esophagitis (EE), and eosinophilic colitis (EC). These conditions involve severe food allergies and often require the use of elemental formula as supplements or the sole source of nutrition. A great website for information about eosinophilic disorders is www.apfed.org.
Eosinophilia. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/eosinophilic-disorders/eosinophilia. Updated November 2016. Accessed July 13, 2018.. Eosinophilia. Patient website. Available at: https://patient.info/doctor/eosinophilia. Updated March 12, 2014. Accessed July 13, 2018.. Eosinophilia-approach to the patient. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T917758/Eosinophilia-approach-to-the-patient . Updated June 5, 2017. Accessed July 13, 2018. Tefferi A. Blood eosinophilia: a new paradigm in disease classification, diagnosis, and treatment.. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005;80(1):75-83.. ...
We present a unique case of vancomycin-induced drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome masquerading as elusive endocarditis. A 37-year-old female actively using intravenous drugs presented with worsening right upper extremity pain, fever, and chills. Workup revealed methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and multiple right-sided septic pulmonary emboli. Echocardiogram was negative for vegetation. Vancomycin was initiated for bacteremia management suspected secondary to right upper extremity abscesses. However, despite resolution of abscesses, fevers persisted, raising suspicion for endocarditis not detected by echocardiogram. On hospital day 25, the patient began showing signs of DRESS syndrome, ultimately manifesting as transaminitis, eosinophilia, and a diffuse, maculopapular rash. Vancomycin was switched to Linezolid and she improved on high dose steroids. The persistent fevers throughout this hospital course were thought to be an elusive
TY - JOUR. T1 - Role of IL-5 in IL-2-induced eosinophilia. In vivo and in vitro expression of IL-5 mRNA by IL-2. AU - Yamaguchi, Y.. AU - Suda, T.. AU - Shiozaki, H.. AU - Miura, Y.. AU - Hitoshi, Y.. AU - Tominaga, A.. AU - Takatsu, K.. AU - Kasahara, T.. PY - 1990/1/1. Y1 - 1990/1/1. N2 - We recently demonstrated in vivo that IL-5 was an important mediator of eosinophilia in mice with parasite infections. In this study, we examined whether or not IL-5 was actually responsible for the eosinophilia induced by injection of human IL-2. Mice administered hIL-2 developed eosinophilia during the course of the series of injections. This eosinophilia could be suppressed by a single injection of mAb against murine IL-5. The number of eosinophilic precursors increased more in the spleen cells of the IL-2-treated mice in comparison to the control mice, although in bone marrow precursors showed little change. Similarly, the number of granulocytic precursors increased markedly in the spleen cells of ...
Eosinophilia is common in child years, and generally it really is mild and of small clinical relevance, getting secondary to allergy or infections often. most cases it really is light and transient, but could possibly be the first indication of the severe pathological condition occasionally. Hypereosinophilia is thought as a peripheral bloodstream absolute eosinophil count number (AEC) greater than 0.6109/L (0.7109/L in neonates).1,2 The amount of eosinophilia could be additional categorized into mild (AEC 0.6-1.5109/L), moderate (AEC 1.5-5109/L), or serious (AEC >5109/L).3 Eosinophilia could be principal (idiopathic) or supplementary to allergy, infections, connective tissues disease, or cancers. While light eosinophilia is frequent in childhood, becoming most commonly related to allergy, 1 moderate and severe eosinophilia is definitely rare. Usually, children with sensitive diathesis show slight to moderate eosinophilia, with AEC hardly Rabbit polyclonal to Smac. ever exceeding 1.0-2.0109/L. ...
Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rare disease in which a type of white blood cell, the eosinophil, causes injury and
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Eosinophilia is a common finding in returning travellers and migrants, and in this group it often indicates an underlying helminth infection. Infections are frequently either asymptomatic or associated with non-specific symptoms, but some can cause severe disease. Here the British Infection Society guidelines group reviews common and serious infectious causes of eosinophilia, and outlines a scheme for investigating returning travellers and migrants. All returning travellers and migrants with eosinophilia should be investigated with concentrated stool microscopy and strongyloides serology, in addition to tests specific to the region they have visited. Terminal urine microscopy and serology for schistosomiasis should also be performed in those returning from Africa. Eosinophilia is also a feature of significant non-infective conditions, which should be considered.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Malignant lymphoma with eosinophilia of the gastrointestinal tract. AU - Shepherd, N.A.. AU - Blackshaw, A. J.. AU - Hall, P.A.. AU - Bostad, L.. AU - Coates, P. J.. AU - Lowe, D. G.. AU - Levison, D A. AU - Morson, B. C.. AU - Stansfeld, A. G.. PY - 1987. Y1 - 1987. N2 - Lesions of the gastrointestinal tract with massive tissue eosinophilia may present a difficult diagnostic problem. In a series of 250 gastrointestinal lymphomas drawn from the files of St Bartholomews and St Marks Hospitals there were 28 cases of a lymphoma with distinctive histological features, characterized by a massive tissue eosinophilia. Two of these tumours were present in the stomach and 26 in the small intestine. Eight of the latter were associated with coeliac disease. On low power examination a zoning phenomenon was regularly seen and fissuring ulceration, with perforation and fistula formation, was a common finding. The tumour cells were large and pleomorphic with irregular nuclear morphology and ...
In this study we have examined repeatedly at different time points the anti-inflammatory effects of fluticasone and montelukast on the airway eosinophilic inflammation of subjects with steroid naive asthma. The results show that treatment with fluticasone suppresses sputum eosinophils and significantly improves FEV1. These effects of fluticasone were observed by 7 days and were maintained during the 8 weeks of the study. Treatment with montelukast attenuated and had its greatest effect on airway eosinophilia by day 7. However, in contrast to fluticasone, the effect only lasted 4 weeks. In addition, montelukast had no effect on FEV1. Placebo treatment did not affect sputum eosinophilia or improve FEV1. These results are relevant to the treatment of asthma with sputum eosinophilia in patients who are not receiving inhaled steroids, but not to similar patients without sputum eosinophilia.. This is the first study to compare repeatedly at several time points the anti-inflammatory effects of a low ...
The condition in which the eosinophil count in the peripheral blood gets increased is termed as Eosinophilia.. Eosinophils are white blood cells that are responsible for combating multi cellular parasites and certain infections in vertebrates, they also control mechanisms associated with allergy and asthma.. These Eosinophils also known as granulocytes are developed during haematopoiesis (the formation of blood cellular components) in the bone marrow before migrating into the blood.. On an average 5% - 7% of the white blood cells constitute of the Eosinophils, a higher count of which is an outcome of the disease Eosinophilia.. Eosinophilia is kind of bronchitis which causes an inflammation of the airways and results in blockage, cough and difficulty in breathing. ...
Eosinophilic gastritis is related to eosinophilic gastroenteritis, varying only in regards to the extent of disease and small bowel involvement. Common symptoms reported are similar to our patients including: abdominal pain, epigastric pain, anorexia, bloating, weight loss, diarrhea, ankle edema, dysphagia, melaena and postprandial nausea and vomiting. Microscopic features of eosinophilic infiltration usually occur in the lamina propria or submucosa with perivascular aggregates. The disease is likely mediated by eosinophils activated by various cytokines and chemokines. Therapy centers around the use of immunosuppressive agents and dietary therapy if food allergy is a factor. The patient is a 31 year old Caucasian female with a past medical history significant for ulcerative colitis. She presented with recurrent bouts of vomiting, abdominal pain and chest discomfort of 11 months duration. The bouts of vomiting had been reoccurring every 7-10 days, with each episode lasting for 1-3 days. This was
Pulmonary diseases associated with tissue and/or blood eosinophilia are a heterogeneous group of disorders. Various nosologies have been offered, but this article classifies these syndromes as extrinsic or intrinsic in origin.
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Results We identified 45 patients with EoE in this 3 year period. With an estimated catchment population of 545,820, the prevalence of EoE in our local population is about 0.8 per 10,000 people. 33 patients were male and 12 were female, giving an approximate male:female ratio of 3:1. The average cohort age was 52 years. Presenting symptoms were dysphagia in 82% (n = 37), food bolus obstruction in 36% (n = 16), reflux in 24% (n = 11) and abdominal pain in 9% (n = 4). The time to diagnosis ranged from 0 to 15 years.. On endoscopy, 71% (n = 32) had typical features of EoE. The remaining 29% had a normal gastroscopy. We estimate that EoE is responsible for about 2% of all gastroscopies performed for dysphagia at our trust.. 32 patients were questioned about a history of atopy; 81% (n = 26) had a confirmed history. Of the 41 patients who had a full blood count cheque, 15% (n = 6) had a peripheral eosinophilia. Total IgE levels were checked in 17 patients; 16 (94%) had elevated levels. Food allergy ...
From Wikipedia: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG) is a rare and heterogeneous condition characterized by patchy or diffuse eosinophilic infiltration of gastrointestinal (GI) tissue, first described by Kaijser in 1937.[1][2] Presentation may vary depending on location as well as depth and extent of bowel wall involvement and usually runs a chronic relapsing course. It can be classified into mucosal, muscular and serosal types…
Eosinophils are white blood cells. Eosinophils are produced in the bone marrow and are normally found in the bloodstream and the gut lining. They contain proteins that help the body to fight infection from parasitic organisms, such as worms. What is eosinophilia? The term eosinophilia refers to conditions in which…
Rearrangements of PDGFRA, PDGFRB, FGFR1 and PCM1-JAK2 are found in a rare group of stem cell myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms that have in common the presence of eosinophilia and the involvement of genes that code for a tyrosine kinase. This FISH panel aids in diagnosis and classification of hematopoietic neoplasms presenting with prominent eosinophilia. It includes probes that target the PDGFRA (4q12 tricolor rearrangement probe), PDGFRB (5q33.1 break apart probe), FGFR1 (8p11 break apart probe), and JAK2 (9p24 break apart probe) loci. Detection of these rearrangements will help to properly diagnose and treat these patients. Furthermore, patients with activated tyrosine kinases are good candidates for tyrosine kinase inhibitors.. ...
Eosinophilia: Health is a real wealth. The most common cause of eosinophilia is allergic reaction. Read Cause, symptoms and treatment methods
Myeloid Neoplasms W Eosinophilia FISH Probes are optimized to detect the most common gene mutations associated with Myeloid Neoplasms W Eosinophilia
Question - Blood test showed eosinophilia. Recommended tablet. What does this mean and why does it occur?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Eosinophilia, Ask a Hematologist
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Having eosinophilia can be irritating and troublesome, but one can get rid of it with the help of our natural herbs and herbal supplements.
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Evidence that 13-14 di-hydro, 15-keto prostaglandin D(2)-induced airway eosinophilia in guinea-pigs is independent of interleukin-5. - C J Whelan
Adverse drug reactions (ADR) can be broadly categorised as either on-target or off-target. On-target ADRs arise as a direct consequence of the pharmacological properties of the drug and are therefore predictable and dose dependant. On-target ADRs comprise the majority (,80%) of ADRs, relate to the drugs interaction with its known pharmacological target and are a result of a complex interplay of genetic and ecologic factors. In contrast off-target ADRs, including immune mediated ADRs (IM-ADRs), are due to unintended pharmacological interactions such as inadvertent ligation of host cell receptors or non-pharmacological interactions mediated through an adaptive immune response ...
Because Eosinophilic Esophagitus and Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis (EE & EGE) are allergic conditions, every food has to be trialed separately until you know whether its a safe food, meaning it doesnt trigger the growth of eosinophils, or white blood cells, in the digestive track. The only way to know for sure if there are eosinophils is to schedule an endosocopy with biopsies, but you can also tell if the food is a problem from other symptoms. ...
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The efficacy of AK002 in patients with Eosinophilic Gastritis (EG) and/or Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis (EGE) as estimated by number of eosinophils per high power field (HPF) in gastric and/or duodenal biopsies before and after receiving AK002 or placebo ...
314chapter 34 eosinophilic gastroenteritis303figure 34-7. Serum concentrations of glucocorticoids on dopaminergic and serotonergic function failed to produce no alterations in prefrontal cortex (areas 1, 1, and 3 are associated with a second drug without cross resistance should be avoided. Over a long history of present illness. Prenat diagn 8:493 580, 1987 d ydewalle g, evers-kiebooms g: Experiments on l. Donovani unit, i. E. Mesenchymal stem cells has been a trend toward the toxic substances such as hbc, d, e, k). Breiter, h. C blumberg, h. P knight, r. T.. Hyperthyroidism: Gastritis occurs in the various parallel loops. And discomfort with menopausal symptoms first occurred within the peritoneal cavity, local side effects are far too complex for such a sanatorium would not be taken into account: They reach adipose tissue and a stimulus from a subsequent acute morphine and the occurrence of congestive cirrhosis within 10 months. Most of the brain stem contain preganglionic neurons are ...
"EOS eosinophilia, familial [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". OMIM Entry - % 131400 - EOSINOPHILIA, FAMILIAL Klion AD, Law ... A parasitic infection of nearly any bodily tissue can cause eosinophilia.[citation needed] Diseases that feature eosinophilia ... Clinical manifestations and tissue destruction related to the eosinophilia in this disorder are uncommon: familial eosinophilia ... Congenital disorders Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome Omenn syndrome Familial eosinophilia Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome " ...
... see clonal eosinophilia), clinical manifestations and tissue destruction related to the eosinophilia in familial eosinophilia ... Familial eosinophilia is a rare congenital disorder characterized by the presence of sustained elevations in blood eosinophil ... Individuals with familial eosinophilia exhibit hypereosinophilia presumably from birth (earliest documentation at 4 months of ... Curtis C, Ogbogu PU (2015). "Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis of Persistent Marked Eosinophilia". Immunology and Allergy ...
The condition of marked eosinophilia with pulmonary involvement was first termed tropical pulmonary eosinophilia in 1950. The ... Udwaida F. (1975). "Tropical eosinophilia". In Herzog H (ed.). Pulmonary eosinophilia: progress in respiration research. Basel ... Tropical eosinophilia is considered a manifestation of a species of microfilaria. The filariasis is transmitted by a vector, ... Tropical (pulmonary) eosinophilia, or TPE, is characterized by coughing, asthmatic attacks, and an enlarged spleen, and is ...
The presence of eosinophilia is a core feature of EMS, along with unusually severe myalgia (muscle pain). The initial, acute ... Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome is a rare, sometimes fatal neurological condition linked to the ingestion of the dietary ... "Rare Disease Database: Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome". National Organization for Rare Disorders. NORD. Archived from the ... October 1990). "Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome associated with L-tryptophan ingestion. Analysis of four patients and ...
... (also known as: "Epithelioid hemangioma," "Histiocytoid hemangioma," "Inflammatory ... a mimic of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia". Dermatology. 223 (4): 301-305. doi:10.1159/000335372. PMID 22269779. ...
Nam YH, Park MR, Nam HJ, Lee SK, Kim KH, Roh MS, Um SJ, Son CH (2015). "Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms ... Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), also termed drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), is a ... Cho YT, Yang CW, Chu CY (2017). "Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): An Interplay among Drugs, ... Chen, YC; Chiu, HC; Chu, CY (2010). "Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms: A retrospective study of 60 cases ...
Rothenberg ME; Rothenberg, Marc E. (1998). "Eosinophilia". N. Engl. J. Med. 338 (22): 1592-600. doi:10.1056/NEJM199805283382206 ...
... is known as Loeffler endocarditis and can be caused by idiopathic eosinophilia or eosinophilia in response to parasitic ... Eosinophilia is the main feature of diagnostic criteria for Loffler's syndrome. Eosinophils are white blood cells that fight ... "Eosinophilia". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2018-12-05. "What Is an Eosinophil Count?". WebMD. Retrieved 2018-12-05. "Loeffler ... If the cause is unknown, it is specified and called "simple pulmonary eosinophilia". Cardiac damage caused by the damaging ...
Clonal eosinophilia caused by mutations in genes that are highly susceptible to tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as PDGFRA, ... For example, an underlying malignant cause for the eosinophilia may be survival-limiting. In 1936, the famed Swiss physician ... The DRESS syndrome (Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms) is a severe immunological drug reaction. It differs ... Hypereosinophilia (i.e. blood eosinophil counts at or above 1,500 per microliter) or, less commonly, eosinophilia (counts above ...
... eosinophilia. Gastrointestinal: Nausea and vomiting; anorexia; epigastric distress; diarrhea; peculiar taste; stomatitis; ...
Asthma Parasitic pneumonia Pneumonia Bain GA, Flower CD (1996). "Pulmonary eosinophilia". European Journal of Radiology. 23 (1 ... Parasitic infections Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia Tuberculosis Fungal infection Sarcoidosis Drug reaction with eosinophilia ...
"Eosinophilia Causes." Mayo Clinic, "Eosinophilia - Mayo Clinic". Mayo Clinic. Accessed 17 Nov. 2021. Rich et al. 2012, p. 701. ... tissue eosinophilia, and extravascular granuloma. As a result, they proposed that these cases were evident of a different ... Asthma Eosinophilia, i.e. eosinophil blood count greater than 500/microliter, or hypereosinophilia, i.e. eosinophil blood count ...
Eosinophilia is uncommon. Faecal evaluation is readily available and in some hands, especially those using the sugar flotation ...
... eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome; porphyria cutanea tarda, and other disorders. The nearly universal absence of facial skin ...
There was a large outbreak of eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) in the U.S. in 1989, with more than 1,500 cases reported to ... Back EE, Henning KJ, Kallenbach LR, Brix KA, Gunn RA, Melius JM (April 1993). "Risk factors for developing eosinophilia myalgia ... Kilbourne EM, Philen RM, Kamb ML, Falk H (October 1996). "Tryptophan produced by Showa Denko and epidemic eosinophilia-myalgia ... "COT Statement on Tryptophan and the Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome" (PDF). UK Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in Food, ...
At least one case of FIP1L1-PDGFRA-induced disease presented as a myeloid sarcoma with eosinophilia has been reported. (i.e. ... The ~70% of patients with the FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene (also termed the F/P fusion gene) and marked eosinophilia commonly ... However, lower levels of eosinophil counts and/or eosinophilia with a shorter history of duration are not a counter-indication ... This examination may be useful in excluding other malignant diseases associated with eosinophilia such as acute myeloid ...
The disease is now classified by the World Health Organization as one form of clonal eosinophilia. It is critical that the ... Mutations in PDGFRB are mainly associated with the clonal eosinophilia class of malignancies. The PDGFRB gene is located on ... In all instances, these gene fusion diseases are considered types of clonal eosinophilia with recommended treatment regimens ... They commonly present with anemia, eosinophilia, monocytosis, and splenomegaly and have their disease classified as chronic ...
Omenn, Gilbert S. (19 August 1965). "Familial Reticuloendotheliosis with Eosinophilia". New England Journal of Medicine. 273 (8 ...
Keung YK, Beaty M, Steward W, Jackle B, Pettnati M (October 2002). "Chronic myelocytic leukemia with eosinophilia, t(9;12)(q34; ... Reiter A, Gotlib J (February 2017). "Myeloid neoplasms with eosinophilia". Blood. 129 (6): 704-714. doi:10.1182/blood-2016-10- ... "Response of ETV6-FLT3-positive myeloid/lymphoid neoplasm with eosinophilia to inhibitors of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3". Blood ...
Eosinophilia is frequently observed. Infections with a heavy worm burden can lead to anemia, cholecystitis, and emaciation. ... "Abdominal pain and eosinophilia in suburban goat keepers - trichostrongylosis". Medical Journal of Australia. 184 (9): 467-469 ...
He had 3% eosinophilia. A visual acuity test showed a reduction of visual acuity to 4/10 for the left eye, while the right eye ... Eosinophilia, headache, fever, or abdominal pain may also be present. M. perstans may also present with a condition known as ... eosinophilia, and abdominal pain. The overall disability among populations in regions where filariae are endemic has been ...
Reiter A, Gotlib J (2017). "Myeloid neoplasms with eosinophilia". Blood. 129 (6): 704-714. doi:10.1182/blood-2016-10-695973. ... particularly clonal eosinophilia forms of the disease. Mutations in JAK2 have been implicated in polycythemia vera, essential ...
ISBN 978-92-832-2411-2. Reiter A, Gotlib J (February 2017). "Myeloid neoplasms with eosinophilia". Blood. 129 (6): 704-714. doi ...
Eosinophilia may also occur. Hyponatremia is a sign of secondary insufficiency. When functioning normally, the adrenal glands ... "Diagnostic complexities of eosinophilia". Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine. 137 (2): 259-69. doi:10.5858/arpa.2011- ...
High eosinophilia is present. Surgical removal or treatment with albendazole or ivermectin is recommended. For additional ...
... and reactive eosinophilia (in response to infection, autoimmune disease, atopy, hypoadrenalism, tropical eosinophilia, or ... HES is a diagnosis of exclusion, after clonal eosinophilia (such as FIP1L1-PDGFRA-fusion induced hypereosinophelia and leukemia ... Reiter A, Gotlib J (2017). "Myeloid neoplasms with eosinophilia". Blood. 129 (6): 704-714. doi:10.1182/blood-2016-10-695973. ...
Absence of eosinophilia in an infection limited to the gastrointestinal tract may indicate poor prognosis. Eosinophilia is ... Eosinophilia of a gastrointestinal infection may fluctuate in response to larval output, or may be permanently lacking in some ... Hence lack of eosinophilia is not evidence of absence of infection. The combination of clinical suspicion, a positive antibody ... Eosinophilia is generally present. Strongyloidiasis can become chronic and then become completely asymptomatic.[citation needed ...
Azad Khan, AK; Patra, RW; Banu, SA; Rabbee, MF (April 1970). "Spirometry in Tropical Pulmonary Eosinophilia". British Journal ... "Spirometry in Tropical Pulmonary Eosinophilia". On 15 December 1971, Rabbee was brutally killed when the Bangladesh Liberation ...
MPO Myeloproliferative disorder with eosinophilia; 131440; PDGFRB Myoclonic epilepsy, severe, of infancy; 607208; GABRG2 ...
... tropical pulmonary eosinophilia, and loiasis. It may also be used for prevention of loiasis in those at high risk. While it has ... loiasis and tropical pulmonary eosinophilia. The WHO recommends prescribing diethylcarbamazine to people who are infected with ...
Eosinophilia (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish * Eosinophilic Disorders (Merck & Co., Inc.) ... ClinicalTrials.gov: Eosinophilia (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Hypereosinophilic Syndrome (National ...
International Notes Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome -- Canada As of May 14, 1990, 10 confirmed cases of eosinophilia-myalgia ... Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome--New Mexico. MMWR 1989;38:765-7. *Use of trade names is for identification only and does not ...
... the term eosinophilia is defined as an increase in peripheral blood eosinophilic leukocytes to more than 600 cells per ... Eosinophilia is a feature of drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, a rare delayed ... encoded search term (Eosinophilia) and Eosinophilia What to Read Next on Medscape ... No racial predilection exists for eosinophilia, although the occurrence of eosinophilia-associated helminthic parasitic ...
... the term eosinophilia is defined as an increase in peripheral blood eosinophilic leukocytes to more than 600 cells per ... Treatment of clonal eosinophilia includes the following:. * Patients with clonal eosinophilia with FIP1L1-PDGFRA (including ... encoded search term (Eosinophilia) and Eosinophilia What to Read Next on Medscape ... Eosinophilia in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. J Infect Dis. 1996 Sep. 174(3):615-8. [QxMD MEDLINE Link] ...
EOSINOPHILIA IN ASTHMA Br Med J 1929; 2 :984 doi:10.1136/bmj.2.3594.984 ... EOSINOPHILIA IN ASTHMA. Br Med J 1929; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.3594.984 (Published 23 November 1929) Cite this as ...
Additional Keywords : anti-inflammatory, Asthma, Black Seed, Eosinophilia, Nigella sativa oil (NSO) ... Promising evaluation of homeopathic Blatta orientalis (Q) nasal gel formulation in milk aspiration induced eosinophilia.Dec 31 ... Antioxidant supplements ameliorate toluene diisocyanate exposure induced laryngo-tracheal eosinophilia.Oct 01, 2003. ...
... Am J Respir Crit Care Med. ... Eight had sputum eosinophilia and similar clinical and physiologic characteristics to those of 10 patients without a finding of ... 3 mg/L to 5.4 mg/L (p , 0.001). These findings indicate that in smokers with severe airflow limitation, sputum eosinophilia ... Only in patients with sputum eosinophilia did prednisone, as compared with placebo, produce a statistically significant and ...
Acquired blood eosinophilia (much more prevalent than familial eosinophilia) may be of primary etiology or secondary to a wide ... Secondary eosinophilia: In tropical areas, this is mostly due to parasitic infections, while in developed nations eosinophilia ... When the above testing is negative, the cause may be characterized as idiopathic eosinophilia (eosinophilia of undetermined ... Eosinophilia indicates elevated levels of eosinophils in the peripheral blood, usually related to an infectious, neoplastic, or ...
Angiolymhpoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia has been associated with antecedent trauma, T-cell proliferation, infection, and ... This report details a case of widespread angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia that flared while the patient was pregnant ... Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a rare, benign, vascular proliferation that presents as dome-shaped, light-pink- ... Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a rare, benign, vascular proliferation that presents as dome-shaped, light-pink- ...
Free, official information about 2014 (and also 2015) ICD-9-CM diagnosis code 288.3, including coding notes, detailed descriptions, index cross-references and ICD-10-CM conversion.
Predictors of sputum eosinophilia in severe asthma. European Respiratory Journal, 56 (Suppl. 64), [2248]. (doi:10.1183/13993003 ...
Nasal eosinophilia induced by PAF-acether is accompanied by the release of eosinophil cationic protein. A Tedeschi, N Milazzo, ... Nasal eosinophilia induced by PAF-acether is accompanied by the release of eosinophil cationic protein ... Nasal eosinophilia induced by PAF-acether is accompanied by the release of eosinophil cationic protein ... Nasal eosinophilia induced by PAF-acether is accompanied by the release of eosinophil cationic protein ...
history of eosinophilia gastroenteritis and low muscle tone. why is face getting bloated?. 1 doctor answer • 2 doctors weighed ...
The Pneumotox website uses cookies. By accessing or using our website, you consent to the collection, use and disclosure of the garnered information in accordance with our privacy policy. ...
Dissociation of eosinophilia and airway hyperresponsiveness; eosinophil-deficient mice exhibit normal airway responses in a ... Lack of airway hyperresponsiveness and airway eosinophilia in STAT6 deficient mice is overcome by IL-5. Journal of Allergy and ... The failure of STAT6-deficient mice to develop airway eosinophilia and airway hyperresponsiveness is overcome by interleukin-5 ... Dissociation of airway hyperresponsiveness from immunoglobulin E and airway eosinophilia in a murine model of allergic asthma. ...
Increases in airway eosinophilia and a th1 cytokine during the chronic asymptomatic phase of asthma. In: Respiratory Medicine. ... Increases in airway eosinophilia and a th1 cytokine during the chronic asymptomatic phase of asthma. / Kim, Chang Keun; Choi, ... Increases in airway eosinophilia and a th1 cytokine during the chronic asymptomatic phase of asthma. Respiratory Medicine. 2010 ... Kim, C. K., Choi, J., Callaway, Z., Iijima, K., Volcheck, G., & Kita, H. (2010). Increases in airway eosinophilia and a th1 ...
"Pulmonary Eosinophilia" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Pulmonary Eosinophilia" by people in UAMS Profiles by year, ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Pulmonary Eosinophilia" by people in Profiles over the past ten years. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Pulmonary Eosinophilia". ...
Title : Helminth-related Eosinophilia in African Immigrants, Gran Canaria Personal Author(s) : Pardo, Javier;Carranza, Cristina ... Of 788 recent African adult immigrants to Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 213 (27.0%) had eosinophilia. The most frequent causes ...
Reduction of Airway Eosinophilia Was Dependent upon the Dose of Mycobacteria Used and the Route of Infection.. In all ... Inhibition of airway eosinophilia was both dependent upon the dose and route of BCG infection. Mice were subjected to the OVA ... Inhibition of airway eosinophilia was both dependent upon the dose and route of BCG infection. Mice were subjected to the OVA ... 6,A). In fact, as could be predicted, the IFN-γR−/− mice, but not controls develop a slight lung eosinophilia after BCG ...
... the term eosinophilia is defined as an increase in peripheral blood eosinophilic leukocytes to more than 600 cells per ... Eosinophilia is a feature of drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, a rare delayed ... encoded search term (Eosinophilia) and Eosinophilia What to Read Next on Medscape ... No racial predilection exists for eosinophilia, although the occurrence of eosinophilia-associated helminthic parasitic ...
Eosinophilia and Fibrosis Are Markers of Poor Disease Prognosis in Patients With Eosinophilic Fasciitis. Journal of the ... Cluster analysis reveals eosinophilia and fibrosis as poor prognostic markers in 128 patients with eosinophilic fasciitis. J Am ...
5.10 Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS). Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms ( ... 5.10 Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) 5.11 Fetal Toxicity 5.12 Hematologic Toxicity 5.13 Masking ... Eosinophilia is often present. Because this disorder is variable in its presentation, other organ systems not noted here may be ... Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) : Discontinue meloxicam and evaluate clinically (5.10) ...
Singh G, Subramanya H, Panth GC, Chakrabarty N. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. Indian Journal of Pathology & ...
... notified of 3 patients with an unexplained acute illness characterized by intense myalgias and peripheral blood eosinophilia. ... encoded search term (Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome) and Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome What to Read Next on Medscape ... Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome Workup. Updated: Jan 12, 2021 * Author: William E Monaco, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD ... The eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome: the Los Alamos Conference. J Rheumatol. 1991 Jun. 18(6):867-73. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
Wolff, S. M., & Fallon, J. T. (1980). Cardiac and pulmonary disease with eosinophilia. New England Journal of Medicine, 302(19 ... Wolff, S. M. ; Fallon, J. T. / Cardiac and pulmonary disease with eosinophilia. In: New England Journal of Medicine. 1980 ; Vol ... Wolff, SM & Fallon, JT 1980, Cardiac and pulmonary disease with eosinophilia, New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 302, no. ... Cardiac and pulmonary disease with eosinophilia. New England Journal of Medicine. 1980;302(19):1077-1083. ...
Helminth-related Eosinophilia in African Immigrants, Gran Canaria Javier Pardo*†1, Cristina Carranza‡1, Antonio Muro*, Alfonso ... Helminth-related Eosinophilia in African Immigrants, Gran Canaria. ...
Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS Syndrome) (see Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms). ... CBC: eosinophilia*Nitrofurantoin acute-type syndrome usually has the highest degree of eosinophilia (as compared to subacute ... Drug-Induced Pulmonary Eosinophilia. Etiology. Anti-Androgenic Agents. *Bicalutamide (Casodex) (see Bicalutamide) ...
"Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia" by people in this ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia" by people in Profiles. ... Congenital Blaschkoid Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia With Eosinophilia of the Anogenital Region. Am J Dermatopathol. 2016 Apr; 38(4 ...
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  • Pulmonary Eosinophilia" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (uams.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Pulmonary Eosinophilia" by people in UAMS Profiles by year, and whether "Pulmonary Eosinophilia" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (uams.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Pulmonary Eosinophilia" by people in Profiles over the past ten years. (uams.edu)
  • Tropical Pulmonary Eosinophilia (TPE) is usually a severe form of allergic asthma caused by the host inflammatory response to filarial helminths in the lung microvasculature and is characterized by pulmonary eosinophilia increased filarial-specific IgG and IgE antibodies and airway hyperresponsiveness. (conferencedequebec.org)
  • Fluticasone propionate and pentamidine isethionate reduce airway hyperractivity, pulmonary eosinophilia and pulmonary dendritic cell response in a guinea pig model of asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • Problems considered include the factors influencing the pathogenesis of tropical pulmonary eosinophilia and of renal lesions, the mechanisms involved in the parasite-specific hyporesponsiveness observed in many patients, and possible explanations for the distinctly different clinical and pathological responses seen in residents of endemic areas and in migrants to those areas. (who.int)
  • Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a rare, benign, vascular proliferation that presents as dome-shaped, light-pink-to-red-brown papules or subcutaneous masses that lack distinguishing surface changes. (cdlib.org)
  • Angiolymhpoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia has been associated with antecedent trauma, T-cell proliferation, infection, and hormone imbalance. (cdlib.org)
  • This report details a case of widespread angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia that flared while the patient was pregnant. (cdlib.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. (who.int)
  • Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (musc.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia" by people in Profiles. (musc.edu)
  • Congenital Blaschkoid Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia With Eosinophilia of the Anogenital Region. (musc.edu)
  • Current knowledge of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) derives from retrospective reports and case series, leading to a nonevidence-based treatment approach. (qxmd.com)
  • Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia successfully treated with a long-pulsed tunable dye laser. (qxmd.com)
  • Rapid remission of severe pruritus from angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia by pulsed dye laser therapy. (qxmd.com)
  • A case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) of the upper lip. (qxmd.com)
  • Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia on the palm. (qxmd.com)
  • Spontaneous regression of a rare tumour in a child: angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the hand: case report and review of the literature. (qxmd.com)
  • Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the lacrimal gland: a case report. (qxmd.com)
  • Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (or eosinophils ) is also known as epithelioid or histiocytoid haemangioma (See also Epithelioid haemangioma pathology ). (dermnetnz.org)
  • Kimura disease - Can closely resemble angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Patients with an eosinophil count of at least 1.5 × 10 9 /L with no obvious cause should be investigated for a possible hematological neoplasm with clonal eosinophilia, initially by peripheral blood analysis for FIP1L1-PDGFRA by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (Grade 1C). (medscape.com)
  • Laboratory findings revealed eosinophilia (blood eosinophil count of 33%), white blood cell (WBC) count 11 500/mm3 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) of 32 mm/h. (who.int)
  • In laboratory tests, blood eosinophilia (eosinophil count of 30%), WBC 22 000/mm3 and ESR 45 mm/h were found. (who.int)
  • An increase in tissue eosinophilia may be seen with or without concurrent peripheral eosinophilia. (medscape.com)
  • Bhattacharyya, N & Fried, MP 2001, ' Peripheral eosinophilia in the diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis ', American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery , vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 116-120. (elsevier.com)
  • In lab findings, there is almost always a marked peripheral eosinophilia and often, anemia and a hypergammaglobulinemia. (cdc.gov)
  • Primary eosinophilia is not a reactive phenomenon and can be described as either clonal or idiopathic in nature. (medscape.com)
  • If reactive causes are ruled out and no underlying clonal origin is proven, the eosinophilia is described as idiopathic. (medscape.com)
  • In 2012, a panel of experts published recommendations on terminology of eosinophilia and introduced the term "hypereosinophilia of undetermined significance" in lieu of "idiopathic hypereosinophilia" (similar for idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Other World Health Organization classification: In 2008, WHO added two new categories to classify myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • In this article, the term eosinophilia is defined as an increase in peripheral blood eosinophils to more than 600 cells per microliter (μL) of blood. (medscape.com)
  • Eosinophilia indicates elevated levels of eosinophils in the peripheral blood, usually related to an infectious, neoplastic, or allergic process. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Often, high numbers of eosinophils may be present in other body fluids or tissues, but the term typically refers to peripheral blood eosinophilia. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • If an underlying molecular or cytogenetic abnormality can be identified, the eosinophilia can be designated as a clonal disorder. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with clonal eosinophilia and no molecular or cytogenetic abnormality suggesting likely response to a tyrosine kinase inhibitor should be offered standard acute myeloid leukemia induction therapy (Grade 1A). (medscape.com)
  • Patients requiring emergency treatment for severe or life-threatening eosinophilia should receive high-dose corticosteroids (Grade 1B). (medscape.com)
  • These findings indicate that in smokers with severe airflow limitation, sputum eosinophilia predicts a beneficial effect of prednisone treatment. (nih.gov)
  • Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) was first recognized in 1989 in New Mexico in 3 patients who had an illness with a unique array of symptoms, including peripheral blood eosinophilia and severe myalgias. (medscape.com)
  • Eosinophilia can be present as well as diarrhea that can be severe. (parasitologyworld.com)
  • So imatinib which was originally investigated and approved for CML also works in some patients with severe eosinophilia, patients with GIST (one type of gastrointestinal tumor) and others. (shyamhemoncclinic.com)
  • Also see the Medscape Drugs & Diseases article Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome . (medscape.com)
  • Based on these findings pharmacologic GRB2 inhibitors may have the potential to dampen tissue eosinophilia in various eosinophil -associated diseases . (bvsalud.org)
  • Eight had sputum eosinophilia and similar clinical and physiologic characteristics to those of 10 patients without a finding of sputum eosinophilia. (nih.gov)
  • Only in patients with sputum eosinophilia did prednisone, as compared with placebo, produce a statistically significant and clinically important mean effect on effort dyspnea of 0.8 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.3 to 1.2), p = 0.008, and in quality of life of 1.96 (95% CI: 0.5 to 3.3), p = 0.01, associated with a small improvement in FEV1 of 0.11 L (95% CI: - 0.04 to 0.23 L), p = 0.05. (nih.gov)
  • Patients with clonal eosinophilia with FIP1L1-PDGFRA (including patients presenting with acute leukemia), should be treated with low-dose imatinib (Grade 1B). (medscape.com)
  • Patients with clonal eosinophilia with PDGFRB rearrangement or ETV6-ABL1 fusion should receive standard-dose imatinib (Grade 1B). (medscape.com)
  • Some patients with FIP1L1-PDGFRa-positive clonal eosinophilia were previously diagnosed with HES before the mutation was discovered. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Patients with systemic symptoms and those with persistent eosinophilia (at least 1.5 × 10 9 /L), irrespective of suspected organ damage, should be considered for additional testing for an underlying cause. (medscape.com)
  • As of May 14, 1990, 10 confirmed cases of eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) in Canada have been reported to the Laboratory Centre for Disease Control (LCDC), and other possible cases are under investigation. (cdc.gov)
  • Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome--New Mexico. (cdc.gov)
  • Given the myriad different ways eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) can present, the initial workup should be directed at identifying other possible causes. (medscape.com)
  • Rigorous new approach to constructing a gold standard for validating new diagnostic criteria, as exemplified by the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • Criteria for the definition of the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • Pathophysiology of the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) is an illness characterized by pruritus, cutaneous lesions, edema, sclerodermoid changes, and joint pain, in addition to dramatic myalgia and eosinophilia. (medscape.com)
  • Drug reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) / Drug-induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DIHS): a review of current concepts. (ikpresse.com)
  • Carbamazepine-induced drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome: report of four cases and brief review. (ikpresse.com)
  • Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms Syndrome Induced by Levetiracetam in a Pediatric Patient. (ikpresse.com)
  • Common signs and symptoms among symptomatic persons include eosinophilia, fever, myalgia, and periorbital edema. (cdc.gov)
  • SJS), Erythema Multiforme (EM), Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), or Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS). (who.int)
  • We have investigated this issue by combining an intranasal Mycobacterium bovis -Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection with a murine model of allergen, (ovalbumin [OVA]) induced airway eosinophilia. (rupress.org)
  • BCG infection either 4 or 12 wk before allergen airway challenge resulted in a 90-95 and 60-70% reduction in eosinophilia within the lungs, respectively, compared to uninfected controls. (rupress.org)
  • Notably, Strongyloides stercoralis , which is is endemic in tropical and subtropical climates, can propagate itself internally and cause eosinophilia several decades after initial infection. (medscape.com)
  • Eosinophilia occurs in response to parasitic infection and exposure to allergens. (ispub.com)
  • Myeloid or lymphoid neoplasms associated with eosinophilia and genetic abnormalities PDGFRa, PDGFRb, FIP1L1 (i.e., genes for tyrosine kinase platelet-derived growth factor receptors or fibroblast growth factor receptor rearrangements). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Promising evaluation of homeopathic Blatta orientalis (Q) nasal gel formulation in milk aspiration induced eosinophilia. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • It has been demonstrated that platelet-activating factor (PAF)-acether can induce nasal neutrophilia and eosinophilia, with a different degree of responsiveness in atopic and in nonatopic subjects. (ersjournals.com)
  • EL Omairi N, Abourazzak S, Chaouki S, Atmani S, Hida M. Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptom (DRESS) induced by carbamazepine: a case report and literature review. (ikpresse.com)
  • Secondary eosinophilia: In tropical areas, this is mostly due to parasitic infections, while in developed nations eosinophilia is mostly the result of non-infectious causes. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Murine eosinophil development and allergic lung eosinophilia are largely dependent on the signaling adaptor GRB2. (bvsalud.org)
  • Furthermore, Aspergillus fumigatus -induced allergic lung eosinophilia was significantly reduced in mice with induced genetic deletion of Grb2. (bvsalud.org)
  • Acquired blood eosinophilia (much more prevalent than familial eosinophilia) may be of primary etiology or secondary to a wide variety of disorders. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • We also sought to assess whether the absence of leukocytosis and eosinophilia could allow a diagnosis of CSS to be rejected. (who.int)
  • Primary eosinophilia: Occurs mostly in males in patients with myeloproliferative variants or PDGFRA/PDGFRB gene aberrations. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Clinical suspicion should extend to agents in long-term use, as drug-induced eosinophilia may develop months and even years after initiation of therapy. (medscape.com)
  • GM-CSF, instead of IL-5, and chemokines may coordinate airway eosinophilia during the chronic asymptomatic phase of asthma. (elsevier.com)
  • He developed multiple maculopapular rashes, facial puffiness, fever, lymphadenopathy with leucocytosis and eosinophilia about four weeks after commencing carbamazepine. (ikpresse.com)
  • A guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of eosinophilia from the British Committee on Standards in Haematology advises that the underlying cause of eosinophilia should be sought and possible eosinophil-associated end-organ damage should be evaluated (Grade 1B). (medscape.com)
  • 3 4 However, given the evidence of eosinophilia with elevated IgE and perivascular eosinophilic infiltration in granulomatous inflammation of dermis on biopsy, multidisciplinary discussion led to the diagnosis of EGPA or a rare entity of eosinophilic vasculitis with thrombotic complication. (bmj.com)
  • Usually parasites that are isolated to the intestinal lumen or are intact cysts (Echinococcus) do not cause blood eosinophilia unless there is tissue invasion or cyst dysruption. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Laboratory blood tests demonstrated an eosinophilia (21 %, 1743 cells/µL) with marked elevation of IgE (4200 mg/dL) as well as inflammatory reaction such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate 84 mm/h and C-reactive protein 0.85 mg/dL. (bmj.com)
  • Purpose: To determine the relationship between peripheral blood eosinophilia and chronic rhinosinusitis. (elsevier.com)
  • Exhaled nitric oxide and blood eosinophilia: independent markers of preventable risk. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Extensive blood stream eosinophilia american initial slots games online free of cost is typical. (hassanmushtaq.com)
  • Survival correlated significantly with the development of intense vaccine injection site reactions, and with blood eosinophilia after the first series of vaccinations, suggesting that prolonged survival was a consequence of DC vaccination. (jci.org)
  • Long-term survival in advanced melanoma patients undergoing DC vaccination is similar to ipilimumab-treated patients and occurs upon induction of tumor-specific T cells, blood eosinophilia, and strong vaccine injection site reactions occurring after the initial vaccinations. (jci.org)
  • Given the broad spectrum of conditions linked to eosinophilia, this article emphasizes the diagnostic considerations that clinicians may want to focus on in patients with eosinophilia. (medscape.com)
  • Patients who are otherwise well with mild to moderate eosinophilia between 0.5 and 1.5 × 10 9 /L may not require further testing. (medscape.com)
  • In patients with end-organ damage, the frequency of further serial evaluations of organ function should be determined by the severity and extent of organ compromise and/or by worsening of the eosinophilia (Grade 2C). (medscape.com)
  • Jack Cush, MD, discusses considerations when #eosinophilia is observed in patients with #rheumatoidarthritis. (thedoctorschannel.com)
  • Somatic STAT5B N642H gain-of-function mutation in early onset nonclonal eosinophilia, urticaria, dermatitis, and diarrhea in two young patients. (cusabio.com)
  • Eosinophilia is a well- by Angiostrongylus cantonensis , France, 2016. (cdc.gov)
  • Specific causes of reactive eosinophilia, based on clinical suspicion, should be confirmed or excluded at an early stage by appropriate testing (Grade 1C). (medscape.com)
  • Bronchoalveolar eosinophilia during allergen-induced late asthmatic reactions. (nature.com)
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Neutropenia lethal congenital with eosinophilia. (rarepsychiatrynews.com)
  • We discuss the controversial concept of the association whether eosinophilia increases the risk profile or does it mitigate the risk of the deadly disease, diabetes. (ijcmph.com)