Any technique by which an unknown color is evaluated in terms of standard colors. The technique may be visual, photoelectric, or indirect by means of spectrophotometry. It is used in chemistry and physics. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A subfamily of lysophospholipid receptors with specificity for LYSOSPHINGOLIPIDS such as sphingosine-1-phosphate and sphingosine phosphorylcholine.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of D-glucose 6-phosphate and water to D-glucose and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.9.
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
An ester of glucose with phosphoric acid, made in the course of glucose metabolism by mammalian and other cells. It is a normal constituent of resting muscle and probably is in constant equilibrium with fructose-6-phosphate. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A DNA repair enzyme that is an N-glycosyl hydrolase with specificity for DNA-containing ring-opened N(7)-methylguanine residues.
Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
An allotropic form of carbon that is used in pencils, as a lubricant, and in matches and explosives. It is obtained by mining and its dust can cause lung irritation.
A mild astringent and topical protectant with some antiseptic action. It is also used in bandages, pastes, ointments, dental cements, and as a sunblock.
The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
Nanometer-scale composite structures composed of organic molecules intimately incorporated with inorganic molecules. (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechology Terms, 4th ed)
Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.
Keto-pyrans.
Substances used to obtain a lighter skin complexion or to treat HYPERPIGMENTATION disorders.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the reaction between L-tyrosine, L-dopa, and oxygen to yield L-dopa, dopaquinone, and water. It is a copper protein that acts also on catechols, catalyzing some of the same reactions as CATECHOL OXIDASE. EC 1.14.18.1.
A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES.
Insoluble polymers of TYROSINE derivatives found in and causing darkness in skin (SKIN PIGMENTATION), hair, and feathers providing protection against SUNBURN induced by SUNLIGHT. CAROTENES contribute yellow and red coloration.
An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Nanometer-scale wires made of materials that conduct electricity. They can be coated with molecules such as antibodies that will bind to proteins and other substances.
The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.
Self evaluation of whole blood glucose levels outside the clinical laboratory. A digital or battery-operated reflectance meter may be used. It has wide application in controlling unstable insulin-dependent diabetes.
Glucose in blood.
Binary compounds of oxygen containing the anion O(2-). The anion combines with metals to form alkaline oxides and non-metals to form acidic oxides.
The utilization of an electrical current to measure, analyze, or alter chemicals or chemical reactions in solution, cells, or tissues.
Nanometer-sized tubes composed mainly of CARBON. Such nanotubes are used as probes for high-resolution structural and chemical imaging of biomolecules with ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY.
A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
ATP:pyruvate 2-O-phosphotransferase. A phosphotransferase that catalyzes reversibly the phosphorylation of pyruvate to phosphoenolpyruvate in the presence of ATP. It has four isozymes (L, R, M1, and M2). Deficiency of the enzyme results in hemolytic anemia. EC 2.7.1.40.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A multienzyme complex responsible for the formation of ACETYL COENZYME A from pyruvate. The enzyme components are PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE); dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase; and LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is subject to three types of control: inhibited by acetyl-CoA and NADH; influenced by the energy state of the cell; and inhibited when a specific serine residue in the pyruvate decarboxylase is phosphorylated by ATP. PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE)-PHOSPHATASE catalyzes reactivation of the complex. (From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed)
An intermediate compound in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. In thiamine deficiency, its oxidation is retarded and it accumulates in the tissues, especially in nervous structures. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.1.3.4.
Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.
Enzymes which are immobilized on or in a variety of water-soluble or water-insoluble matrices with little or no loss of their catalytic activity. Since they can be reused continuously, immobilized enzymes have found wide application in the industrial, medical and research fields.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Methods used to measure the relative activity of a specific enzyme or its concentration in solution. Typically an enzyme substrate is added to a buffer solution containing enzyme and the rate of conversion of substrate to product is measured under controlled conditions. Many classical enzymatic assay methods involve the use of synthetic colorimetric substrates and measuring the reaction rates using a spectrophotometer.
Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.
Acquisition, organization, and preparation of library materials for use, including selection, weeding, cataloging, classification, and preservation.
A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.
A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE COCCI in the family LEUCONOSTOCACEAE. It is the primary bacteria involved in carrying out malolactic conversion in winemaking.
A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
A genus of ascomycetous yeast in the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES. It has been implicated in wine spoilage. Anamorphic forms are found in the genus BRETTANOMYCES.
Marshall, Richard O.; Kooi, Earl R.; Moffett, George M. (1957-04-05). "Enzymatic Conversion of d-Glucose to d-Fructose". ... They first discovered how to use the glucose isomerase enzyme to convert glucose to fructose while working at the Corn Products ...
Marshall R. O.; Kooi E. R. (1957). "Enzymatic Conversion of d-Glucose to d-Fructose". Science. 125 (3249): 648-649. Bibcode: ... HFCS is 24% water, the rest being mainly fructose and glucose with 0-5% unprocessed glucose oligomers. The most common forms of ... High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), also known as glucose-fructose, isoglucose and glucose-fructose syrup, is a sweetener made ... To make HFCS, the corn syrup is further processed by D-xylose isomerase to convert some of its glucose into fructose. HFCS was ...
Paladini AC, Caputto R (August 1949). "The enzymatic synthesis of glucose-1,6-diphosphate". Archives of Biochemistry. 23 (1): ... Other names in common use include glucose-phosphate kinase, phosphoglucokinase (phosphorylating), and ATP:D-glucose-1-phosphate ... alpha-D-glucose 1,6-bisphosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate, whereas its ... In enzymology, a phosphoglucokinase (EC 2.7.1.10) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + alpha-D-glucose 1- ...
ISBN 978-0-691-09676-6. Marshall, RO; Kooi, ER (April 1957). "Enzymatic conversion of D-glucose to D-fructose". Science. 125 ( ... However, most commonly used blends of high-fructose corn syrup contain a nearly one-to-one ratio of fructose and glucose, just ... The fructose content and fructose:glucose ratio of high-fructose corn syrup do not differ markedly from clarified apple juice. ... in which the sucrose is split into fructose and glucose components. At the very least, the increasing prevalence of high- ...
ISBN 0-691-09676-7. Marshall, RO; Kooi, ER (April 1957). "Enzymatic conversion of D-glucose to D-fructose". Science. 125 (3249 ...
A common example is glucose, which has open-chain and ring forms. One cannot manufacture pure open-chain glucose because ... Their interconversion requires either enzymatic or acid-base catalysis. However, tautomers are an exception: the isomerization ... For example, the long-known sugar glucose is now systematically named 6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol. Natural products ... A common example is glucose vs. fructose. The former is an aldehyde, the latter is a ketone. ...
W. Matuszewski, M. Trojanowicz (1988). "Graphite paste based enzymatic glucose electrode for flow injection analysis". Analyst ... In 1988 in the journal of the Royal Society of Chemistry The Analyst he presented the development of enzymatic electrochemical ...
High maltose corn syrup High fructose corn syrup and health Marshall, R.O.; Kooi, E.R. Enzymatic Conversion of D-Glucose to D- ... They first discovered how to use the glucose isomerase enzyme to convert glucose to fructose while working at the Corn Products ...
Cori GT, Cori CF (July 1940). "The kinetics of the enzymatic synthesis of glycogen from glucose-1-phosphate". Journal of ... Glycogen is left with one fewer glucose molecule, and the free glucose molecule is in the form of glucose-1-phosphate. In order ... Since glucose production in the liver has been shown to increase in type 2 diabetes patients, inhibiting the release of glucose ... since glucose-6-phosphate is a known inhibitor of HLGP and stabilizes the less active T-state. These glucose derivatives have ...
... enzymatic hydrolysis releases up to 96.2% of starch bound glucose. The ethanol yield per dry weight in the subsequent ... minor by growing it in the dark and the addition of glucose further increases starch accumulation up to 36%. After harvesting, ... fermentation process depends on the glucose content and nutrient availability in the growth medium, but can be compared to ...
"Synthesis of Novel CuO Nanosheets and Their Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensing Applications". Sensors. 13 (6): 7926-7938. doi: ... One of the examples is a glucose sensor. With the use of copper nanoparticles, the sensor does not require any enzyme and ... As described in Figure 3, depending on the level of glucose, the nanoparticles in the sensor diffract the incident light at a ... Consequently, the resulting diffracted light gives a different color based on the level of glucose. In fact, the nanoparticles ...
I. Enzymatic synthesis of trehalose phosphate from guanosine diphosphate D-glucose-14C". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. ... Other names in common use include GDP-glucose-glucose-phosphate glucosyltransferase, guanosine diphosphoglucose-glucose ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is GDP-glucose:D-glucose-6-phosphate 1-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase. ... the two substrates of this enzyme are GDP-glucose and glucose 6-phosphate, whereas its two products are GDP and alpha,alpha'- ...
"Enzymatic characterization of the pancreatic islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase-related protein (IGRP)". J. Biol. Chem. 279 ( ... Glucose-6-phosphatase 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the G6PC2 gene. This gene encodes an enzyme belonging to the ... "Entrez Gene: G6PC2 glucose-6-phosphatase, catalytic, 2". Martin CC, Bischof LJ, Bergman B, Hornbuckle LA, Hilliker C, Frigeri C ... Shieh JJ, Pan CJ, Mansfield BC, Chou JY (2006). "In islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase-related protein, the beta cell ...
Enzymatic glucose sensors have drawbacks that originate from the nature of the enzyme. Nonenzymatic glucose sensors with Pt- ... Many novel Pt and binary Pt-based nanomaterials have been developed to overcome the challenges of glucose oxidation on Pt ...
In humans, myo-inositol is naturally made from glucose-6-phosphate through enzymatic dephosphorylation. Merck Index (11th ed ... It is a sugar alcohol with half the sweetness of sucrose (table sugar). It is made naturally in humans from glucose. A human ... However, because it is produced by the human body from glucose, it is not an essential nutrient. The isomer myo-inositol is a ... myo-Inositol can also be found as an ingredient in energy drinks, either in conjunction with or as a substitute for glucose, ...
One molecule of trehalose is hydrolyzed to two molecules of glucose by the enzyme trehalase. Enzymatic hydrolysis of trehalose ... The hydrolysis of trehalose into glucose takes place in the periplasm, and the glucose is then transported into the bacterial ... The disaccharide is hydrolyzed into two molecules of glucose by the enzyme trehalase. There are two types of trehalases found ... which catalyzes the conversion of trehalose to glucose. It is found in most animals. The non-reducing disaccharide trehalose (α ...
Enzymatic breakdown and hydrolysis of storage polysaccharides occurs during ripening. The main storage polysaccharides include ... These are broken down into shorter, water-soluble molecules such as fructose, glucose and sucrose. During fruit ripening, ...
Stetten MR (June 1970). "Enzymatic synthesis of glycerol I-phosphate. Elevation in diabetic and fasted animals, compared with ... glucose-6-phosphatase and related enzyme activities". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects. 208 (3): 394-403 ...
... is produced industrially beginning with enzymatic hydrolysis of the starch from corn to generate glucose. Glucose is ... At the industrial level, it is produced from glucose by fermentation with a yeast, Moniliella pollinis. Since 1990, erythritol ...
Woo, K. S.; Kim, H. Y.; Hwang, I. G.; Lee, S. H.; Jeong, H. S. (2015). "Characteristics of the Thermal Degradation of Glucose ... Like the Maillard reaction, caramelization is a type of non-enzymatic browning. Unlike the Maillard reaction, caramelization is ... When caramelization involves the disaccharide sucrose, it is broken down into the monosaccharides fructose and glucose. ... equilibration of anomeric and ring forms sucrose inversion to fructose and glucose condensation reactions intramolecular ...
... s are mixtures of polymers of D-glucose units linked by α-(1→4) or α-(1→6) glycosidic bonds. Dextrins can be produced ... It is also produced by enzymatic hydrolysis from gelled starch, and is usually found as a creamy-white hygroscopic spray-dried ... Amylodextrin is a linear dextrin or short chained amylose (DP 20-30) that can be produced by enzymatic hydrolysis of the alpha- ... Maltodextrin is easily digestible, being absorbed as rapidly as glucose, and might either be moderately sweet or have hardly ...
The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-glucose:nicotinate N-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common use include ... Upmeier B, Thomzik JE, Barz W (1988). "Enzymatic studies on the reversible synthesis of nicotinic acid-N-glucoside in ... In enzymology, a nicotinate glucosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.196) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-glucose + ... the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-glucose and nicotinate, whereas its two products are UDP and N-glucosylnicotinate. ...
Ascorbic acid is prepared in industry from glucose in a method based on the historical Reichstein process. In the first of a ... Only one of the six hydroxy groups is oxidized by this enzymatic reaction. From this point, two routes are available. Treatment ... It creates volatile compounds when mixed with glucose and amino acids in 90 °C. It is a cofactor in tyrosine oxidation. The ... bypassing both the need for a second fermentation and the need to reduce glucose to sorbitol. There exists a d-ascorbic acid, ...
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an important enzyme in red cells, metabolizing glucose through the pentose ... pathogenesis - the manner of development of a disease PCR - Polymerase Chain Reaction, an enzymatic reaction by which DNA is ... Some of these disorders are known by fanciful and cryptic names like sickle-cell anemia, thalassaemia, glucose-6-phosphate ... The first line of defense against malaria is mainly exerted by abnormal hemoglobins and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase ...
Likewise, taurine administration to diabetic rabbits resulted in 30% decrease in serum glucose levels. Cats lack the enzymatic ... Wu QD, Wang JH, Fennessy F, Redmond HP, Bouchier-Hayes D (December 1999). "Taurine prevents high-glucose-induced human vascular ... November 2002). "Taurine prevents apoptosis induced by high ambient glucose in human tubule renal cells". Journal of ... In diabetic rats, taurine supplementation slightly reduced abdominal body fat while improving glucose tolerance. Taurine is ...
The β1-4 oxygen-linked binding of the subunits of heparan sulfate is prone to enzymatic cleavage whereas the α1-6 carbon-carbon ... They can be constituted with a backbone of polysaccharides, such as poly glucose or glucuronates or a polyester such as co ... The most important difference is their resistance to enzymatic degradation. The resistance of RGTA is caused by the coupling of ... Several Heparan sulfate analogues (also known as ReGeneraTing Agents, RGTA) have been developed from a poly glucose backbone. ...
Cellulose from the organosolv process is susceptible to enzymatic hydrolysis into glucose followed by fermentation to dilute ... or hydrolysed into high-purity glucose readily converted into biochemicals, or the glucose is easily fermented to bioethanol. ... The glucose concentration at the optimum conditions was 4.22-fold of untreated straw. The recovery of lignin from ethylene ... With a 2 ton/day production facility located in Wausau, Wisconsin, AST can also make high quality pulp, glucose, fructose and ...
Depending on the what the enzyme is reacting with the end product will be one or two glucose molecules. Humans are unable to ... The active site serves as the location where an enzyme and substrate bind and an enzymatic reaction can occur. The active site ... In the case of the Christmas Island red crab beta glucosidase not only produces glucose, but also removes cellobiose. This is ... The purpose of the reaction is to remove the residues from disaccharide cellobiose to produce glucose during the hydrolysis of ...
... upregulates the GLUT1 glucose transporter, thereby contributing to the Warburg effect in cancer cells. KRAS binds to GTP ... It also possesses an intrinsic enzymatic activity which cleaves the terminal phosphate of the nucleotide, converting it to GDP ... "Glucose deprivation contributes to the development of KRAS pathway mutations in tumor cells". Science. 325 (5947): 1555-9. doi: ...
Typical sugars that participate in glycation are glucose, fructose, and their derivatives. Glycation is the non-enzymatic ... It appears that fructose has approximately ten times the glycation activity of glucose, the primary body fuel. Glycation can ... Glycation (sometimes incorrectly called non-enzymatic glycosylation) is the covalent attachment of a sugar to a protein or ... Glycations occur mainly in the bloodstream to a small proportion of the absorbed simple sugars: glucose, fructose, and ...
fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl). or. *with a glucose tolerance test, two hours after the oral dose a plasma ... testicular: enzymatic *5α-reductase deficiency. *17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency. *aromatase excess syndrome ... Threshold for diagnosis of diabetes is based on the relationship between results of glucose tolerance tests, fasting glucose or ... Impaired glucose tolerance. ≥ 7.8. ≥ 140. , 7.0. , 126. 42-46. 6.0-6.4 Diabetes mellitus. ≥ 11.1. ≥ 200. ≥ 7.0. ≥ 126. ≥ 48. ≥ ...
The sugar Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 (where Glc=Glucose, Man=Mannose, and GlcNAc=N-acetylglucosamine) is attached to an asparagine (Asn) ... "Enzymatic conversion of proteins to glycoproteins". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 74 (1): 134-8. Bibcode:1977PNAS...74..134P ...
... and enzymatic components such as lysozyme, lactoperoxidase and antileukoprotease. Disruption to any of these local and systemic ... adhesion and biofilm formation is enhanced by the presence of carbohydrates such as glucose, galactose and sucrose. Smoking, ...
a b US patent 6287826, Barrie Edmund Norman et al., "Enzymatic preparation of glucose syrup from starch", issued 2001-09-11, ... Glucose syrup, also known as confectioner's glucose, is a syrup made from the hydrolysis of starch. Glucose is a sugar. Maize ( ... glucose.[4] Glucose syrup is used in foods to sweeten, soften texture and add volume. By converting some of the glucose in corn ... High-maltose glucose syrups[edit]. Main article: High maltose corn syrup. By using β-amylase or fungal α-amylase, glucose ...
... beta-glucan is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the monosaccharide D-glucose. Oat beta-glucan is composed of ... Oats begin to show signs of enzymatic rancidity within four days of being dehulled if not stabilized. This process is primarily ... This means the bonds between the D-glucose or D-glucopyranosyl units are either beta-1, 3 linkages or beta-1, 4 linkages. This ... Oat groats are high in fat (lipids) and once removed from their protective hulls and exposed to air, enzymatic (lipase) ...
Suzuki H (2015). 》Chapter 4: Effect of pH, Temperature, and High Pressure on Enzymatic Activity》. 》How Enzymes Work: From ... glucose derivative] must fit like a lock and key, in order to be able to exert a chemical effect on each other.) ... Chapman-Smith A, Cronan JE (1999). "The enzymatic biotinylation of proteins: a post-translational modification of exceptional ... O'Brien PJ, Herschlag D (April 1999). "Catalytic promiscuity and the evolution of new enzymatic activities". 》Chemistry & ...
UDP-glucuronic acid is formed when UDP-glucose undergoes two oxidations catalyzed by the enzyme UDP-glucose 6-dehydrogenase. ... by donating electrons to various enzymatic and non-enzymatic reactions.[3] Doing so converts vitamin C to an oxidized state - ... It is transported through the intestine via both glucose-sensitive and glucose-insensitive mechanisms, so the presence of large ... These compounds can be restored to a reduced state by glutathione and NADPH-dependent enzymatic mechanisms.[17][18][19] ...
Strassman M, Ceci LN (1965). "Enzymatic formation of alpha-ketoadipic acid from homoisocitric acid". J. Biol. Chem. 240 (11): ... Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. *Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. *HMG-CoA reductase. *IMP dehydrogenase ...
GPER knockout mice have also been generated, and exhibit obesity, cardiovascular dysfunction, insulin resistance, glucose ... Enzymatic. *5α-Reductase deficiency. *17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency. *Aromatase excess syndrome ...
Starting with glucose, 1 ATP is used to donate a phosphate to glucose to produce glucose 6-phosphate. Glycogen can be converted ... Cellular enzymatic release of energy from compounds. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help ... Fermentation is less efficient at using the energy from glucose: only 2 ATP are produced per glucose, compared to the 38 ATP ... Glucose + 2 NAD+ + 2 Pi + 2 ADP → 2 pyruvate + 2 H+ + 2 NADH + 2 ATP + 2 H+ + 2 H2O + energy. ...
Enzymatic activationEdit. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding ... A mustard oil glycoside 1 is converted to an isothiocyanate 3 (mustard oil). Glucose 2 is liberated as well, only the β-form is ... The plants contain the enzyme myrosinase, which, in the presence of water, cleaves off the glucose group from a glucosinolate.[ ... Glucosinolates constitute a natural class of organic compounds that contain sulfur and nitrogen and are derived from glucose ...
Domains usually also have specific functions, such as enzymatic activities (e.g. kinase) or they serve as binding modules (e.g ... Some ingested amino acids are used for protein biosynthesis, while others are converted to glucose through gluconeogenesis, or ... About 4,000 reactions are known to be catalysed by enzymes.[32] The rate acceleration conferred by enzymatic catalysis is often ... To scale in the top right-hand corner are two of its substrates, ATP and glucose. ...
The European vine family Vitis vinifera is characterized by anthocyanins that are composed of only one molecule of glucose ... "A Double Mutation in the Anthocyanin 5-O-Glucosyltransferase Gene Disrupts Enzymatic Activity in Vitis vinifera L". Journal of ...
Nelson N (1944). "A photometric adaptation of the Somogyi method for the determination of glucose". J. Biol. Chem. 153: 375-80. ... The assay is terminated by the addition of a basic solution that stops the enzymatic reaction and deprotonates the liberated ... Cellulases break down the cellulose molecule into monosaccharides ("simple sugars") such as beta-glucose, or shorter ... They can contain, but are not limited to, five different enzymatic subunits representing namely endocellulases, exocellulases, ...
"Deactivation of soybean agglutinin by enzymatic and other physical treatments". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58 ... aspartate aminotransferase linearly increased in plasma and decreased plasma insulin content without decrease in blood glucose ...
In addition to the hexose glucose and fructose sugars, most strains of O. oeni can use the residual pentose sugars left behind ... The enzymatic method allows for a quantitative measurement of both malic and lactic acids, but requires the expense of reagent ... In the case of Lactobacillus, some of these saccharides may be glucans that can be synthesized from glucose present in the wine ... O. oeni is a heterofermenter that create multiple end products from the use of glucose with D-lactic acid and carbon dioxide ...
Quelle des Wasserstoffperoxids ist vielfach die Reaktion von Glucose mit Sauerstoff in Gegenwart des Enzyms Glucose-Oxidase (EC ... Efficacy of enzymatic toothpastes for immobilisation of protective enzymes in the in situ pellicle. . In: Arch Oral Biol. . 55 ... Die Glucose wiederum kann in Gegenwart des Speichel-Enzyms Amyloglucosidase (γ-Amylase (EC 3.2.1.3)) aus Stärke entstehen. ... Immunotoxins containing glucose oxidase and lactoperoxidase with tumoricidal properties: in vitro killing effectiveness in a ...
Sequencing by hybridization is a non-enzymatic method that uses a DNA microarray. A single pool of DNA whose sequence is to be ... In some viruses (specifically, bacteriophage), cytosine may be replaced by hydroxy methyl or hydroxy methyl glucose cytosine.[5 ... Decoupling the enzymatic reaction and the image capture allows for optimal throughput and theoretically unlimited sequencing ...
... beta-glucan is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the monosaccharide D-glucose. Oat beta-glucan is composed of ... Oat groats are high in fat (lipids) and once removed from their protective hulls and exposed to air, enzymatic (lipase) ... This means the bonds between the D-glucose or D-glucopyranosyl units are either beta-1, 3 linkages or beta-1, 4 linkages. This ... Depending on temperature, humidity and moisture content, de-hulled oats can begin to show signs of enzymatic rancidity rapidly ...
Livingstone FB (1985). Frequencies of hemoglobin variants: thalassemia, the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, G6PD ... Aspirin irreversibly inhibits COX-1 and modifies the enzymatic activity of COX-2. COX-2 normally produces prostanoids, most of ... Aspirin is known to cause hemolytic anemia in people who have the genetic disease glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency ...
This section needs expansion with: metabolites from enzymatic metabolism of melatonin. You can help by adding to it. (July 2018 ... The membrane transport proteins that move melatonin across a membrane include, but are not limited to, glucose transporters, ...
"Review on the Current State of Diacylglycerol Production Using Enzymatic Approach" (PDF). Food and Bioprocess Technology. 8 (6 ... Sweet tastants (e.g., glucose, fructose, sucrose; indirectly). *Thio-BCTC. *WS-3 ...
Impaired nutrient supply, such as lack of oxygen or glucose, or impaired production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) may deprive ... A consequent decrease in the intracellular pH of the cell arises, which mediates harmful enzymatic processes. ...
TG2 participates in both enzymatic and non-enzymatic interactions. Enzymatic interactions are formed between TG2 and its ... "Cytosolic guanine nucledotide binding deficient form of transglutaminase 2 (R580a) potentiates cell death in oxygen glucose ... However, the importance of non-enzymatic interactions in regulating TG2 activities is yet to be revealed. Recent studies ... Kanchan K, Fuxreiter M, Fésüs L (August 2015). "Physiological, pathological, and structural implications of non-enzymatic ...
Such enzymatic action plays a key role in providing major source of energy for most cells. ... 2002). "Transcriptional regulation of adipocyte hormone-sensitive lipase by glucose". Diabetes. 51 (2): 293-300. doi:10.2337/ ...
PGC-1α regulates LDH by decreasing LDH A mRNA transcription and the enzymatic activity of pyruvate to lactate conversion.[9] ... This mechanism allows tumorous cells to convert the majority of their glucose stores into lactate regardless of oxygen ... Spriet LL, Howlett RA, Heigenhauser GJ (2000). "An enzymatic approach to lactate production in human skeletal muscle during ... fasting individual who has been drinking and is dependent on gluconeogenesis to maintain blood glucose levels. Alanine and ...
The Mg2+ ion tends to bind only weakly to proteins (Ka ≤ 105[46]) and this can be exploited by the cell to switch enzymatic ... Diabetes and glucose toleranceEdit. Higher dietary intakes of magnesium correspond to lower diabetes incidence.[15] For people ... "Effect of magnesium supplementation on glucose metabolism in people with or at risk of diabetes: a systematic review and meta- ... the triple-phosphate moiety of the compound is invariably stabilized by association with Mg2+ in all enzymatic processes. ...
To distinguish DI from other causes of excess urination, blood glucose levels, bicarbonate levels, and calcium levels need to ... testicular: enzymatic *5α-reductase deficiency. *17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency. *aromatase excess syndrome ... with the distinction that the urine does not contain glucose. Blurred vision is a rarity. Signs of dehydration may also appear ...
The enzymatic hydrolysis of ATP requires proper binding of the phosphates and positioning of the γ-phosphate to the attacking ... The chvE-gguAB gene in Agrobacterium tumefaciens encodes glucose and galactose importers that are also associated with ... Family 3.A.1.139 The UDP-Glucose Exporter (U-GlcE) Family (UPF0014 Family) 3.A.1.201 The Multidrug Resistance Exporter (MDR) ... "Crystal structures of the ATPase subunit of the glucose ABC transporter from Sulfolobus solfataricus: nucleotide-free and ...
SC-CO2 pretreatment plus premixing of the EFBs with alkali further increased the glucose yield to almost 37 percent, as ... The sugar obtained after enzymatic hydrolysis of empty fruit bunches (EFBs increased from 17 percent to 24 percent when ... Critical CO2 pretreatment of biomass increases glucose yield after enzymatic hydrolysis Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic ... Critical CO2 pretreatment of biomass increases glucose yield after enzymatic hydrolysis. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic ...
Assay protocol for the colorimetric detection of glucose-6-phosphate in biological samples using the glucose-6-phosphate assay ... Glucose-6-Phosphate Substrate Mix 1 vL. Catalog Number MAK014C. Glucose-6-Phosphate Standard 10 µmole 1 vL. Catalog Number ... Glucose-6-Phosphate Substrate Mix - Reconstitute in 220 µL of Glucose-6-Phosphate Assay Buffer. Mix well by pipetting, then ... Glucose-6-Phosphate Standards for Colorimetric Detection. Dilute 10 µL of the 100 mM G6P Standard Solution with 990 µL of water ...
In this research, we report a zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorod powder surface-coated with carbon material for non-enzymatic glucose ... For the cyclic voltammetric (CV) glucose detection, the low detection limit of 1 mM with a linear range from 0.1 mM to 10 mM ... surface-coated with carbon material are promising for the development of cost-effective non-enzymatic electrochemical glucose ... Nowadays glucose detection is of great importance in the fields of biological, environmental, and clinical analyzes. ...
Chemo-enzymatic three-step conversion of glucose to kojic acid R. Lassfolk, A. Suonpää, K. Birikh and R. Leino, Chem. Commun., ... we describe an efficient method for the preparation of kojic acid from D-glucose via glucosone by a three-step chemo-enzymatic ...
This project aims at developing a commercially viable non-enzymatic glucose sensor ... Commercially available glucose sensors are enzyme based and has numerous drawbacks including high cost and insufficient long- ... Therefore, their use is an important strategy in the construction of non-enzymatic glucose sensors. Keeping this in mind, a ... This project aims at developing a commercially viable non-enzymatic glucose sensor strip and a glucometer. Electrode surface ...
The proposed sensor exhibits excellent electrocatalytic activity towards glucose oxidation in alkaline solutions. The glucose ... and their potential for electrochemical non-enzymatic glucose sensing is evaluated. ... However, the simple and accurate detection of glucose in the blood at low cost remains a challenging task, although it is of ... The sensors are successfully applied for glucose determination in human serum samples, demonstrating that the CQDs/Cu2O-based ...
Here, we introduce a non-enzymatic metal oxide glucose sensor that functions in neutral fluids by electronically inducing a ... Continuous glucose monitoring from sweat and tears can improve the quality of life of diabetic patients and provide data for ... Current continuous glucose sensors use enzymes with a one-to-two week lifespan, which forces periodic replacement. ... We demonstrate glucose monitoring at physiologically relevant levels in neutral fuids mimicking sweat, and wireless ...
Satheesh Babu T. G., "Fabrication of Highly Sensitive and Selective Non-enzymatic Glucose Sensor", in Amrita Bioquest, Amrita ...
A non-enzymatic glucose sensor based on the CuS nanoflakes-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite X. Yan, Y. Gu, C. Li, B. Zheng ... A non-enzymatic glucose sensor based on the CuS nanoflakes-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite ... indicating that the rGO/CuSNFs nanocomposite is an extremely promising material for non-enzymatic glucose sensing in practical ... In addition, the as-prepared sensor was applied to detect glucose in human urine and blood serum samples with satisfactory ...
Microbial and Enzymatic Process for Xylitol Production from D-glucose. Author(s): Xianghui Qi, Xu Wang, Jing Lin, Jingfei Zhu, ... A microbial and enzymatic process for xylitol production that initiates from D-glucose occurs by virtue of a three-step process ... Abstract:A microbial and enzymatic process for xylitol production that initiates from D-glucose occurs by virtue of a three- ... This review provides comprehensive insights regarding potential methods of xylitol production from D-glucose, which might be an ...
The Influence of D-Penicillamine on Enzymatic Activities: Glucose-6-phosphate Dehydrogenase. Correlation with Serum Levels ...
Glucose solution for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references. ... Glucose solution 1 mg/mL in 0.1% benzoic acid, standard for enzymatic assay kits GAGO20, GAHK20, STA20, analytical standard ...
... Jef Van der Borght (UGent) , Tom Desmet (UGent) and Wim ... Enzymatic production of beta-D-glucose-1-phosphate from trehalose. Journal title BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL. Biotechnol. J.. ISSN. ... beta-D-Glucose-1-phosphate (beta Glc1P) is an efficient glucosyl donor for both enzymatic and chemical glycosylation reactions ... "Enzymatic Production of β-D-glucose-1-phosphate from Trehalose." BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 5.9 (2010): 986-993. Print. ...
Enzymatic Conversion of Glucose to UDP-4-Keto-6-Deoxyglucose in Streptomyces spp. Song Yu Liu, John P. N. Rosazza ... Enzymatic Conversion of Glucose to UDP-4-Keto-6-Deoxyglucose in Streptomyces spp ... Enzymatic Conversion of Glucose to UDP-4-Keto-6-Deoxyglucose in Streptomyces spp ... Enzymatic Conversion of Glucose to UDP-4-Keto-6-Deoxyglucose in Streptomyces spp ...
... for the non-enzymatic detection of glucose by modifying a screen-printed carbon electrode with cobalt phthalocyanine, graphene ... Non-enzymatic electrochemical detection of glucose with a disposable paper-based sensor using a cobalt phthalocyanine-ionic ... Non-enzymatic electrochemical detection of glucose with a disposable paper-based sensor using a cobalt phthalocyanine-ionic ... We introduce for the first time a paper-based analytical device (PAD) for the non-enzymatic detection of glucose by modifying a ...
The authors report that CuOx/NiOyhollow nanocomposites are an effective bifunctional catalyst capable of oxidizing glucose and ... Liu X, Yang W, Chen L, Jia J (2016) Synthesis of copper nanorods for non-enzymatic amperometric sensing of glucose. Microchim ... A hollow CuOx/NiOy nanocomposite for amperometric and non-enzymatic sensing of glucose and hydrogen peroxide. ... A glassy carbon electrode modified with ordered nanoporous Co3O4 for non-enzymatic sensing of glucose. Microchim Acta 184:943- ...
Process for enzymatic hydrolysis of starch to glucose - Google Patents. Process for enzymatic hydrolysis of starch to glucose ... Process for enzymatic hydrolysis of starch to glucose DE69132391A DE69132391D1 (en) 1990-06-29. 1991-06-28. Enzymatic ... The glucose is further converted by glucose isomerase to a mixture composed almost equally of glucose and fructose. This ... Process for enzymatic hydrolysis of starch to glucose Applications Claiming Priority (11). Application Number. Priority Date. ...
The EBFC anode was based on glucose oxidase (GOx) enzyme from Aspergilus niger immobilized on carbon fiber electrode based on ... The operation of EBFC was carefully investigated by use of glucose/O2 as substrate and oxidant respectively. The maximum power ... delivered by the assembled biofuel cell in stationary state, reached 106.4 µW/cm2 at 0.45 V with 0.2 M glucose at 25°C. Also ... Design and Fabrication of Glucose/O2 Enzymatic Biofuel Cell. Article 3, Volume 2, Issue 2, Autumn 2016, Page 102-107 PDF (1260 ...
Glycolysis 5/9/03 Glycolysis The conversion of glucose to pyruvate to yield 2ATP molecules 10 enzymatic steps Chemical ... Glycolysis The conversion of glucose to pyruvate to yield 2ATP molecules • 10 enzymatic steps • Chemical interconversion steps ... Chapter 15 Glucose Catabolism The conversion of glucose to 2 pyruvates to yield 2 ATP ... Lecture 21 Glucose Catabolism (Ch.15 - part 1) Chapter 15 Glucose Catabolism The conv ...
Monitoring the dynamic production of glucose and ethanol from microchip-immobilised yeast cells using enzymatic ... Monitoring the dynamic production of glucose and ethanol from microchip-immobilised yeast cells using enzymatic ... The glucose and ethanol released from the immobilised yeast chips were quantitatively monitored, by varying the incubation time ... The glucose and ethanol released from the immobilised yeast chips were quantitatively monitored, by varying the incubation time ...
Sensors with these membranes plus an additional outer membrane with lower glucose permeability allowed glucose monitoring in ... In vivo sensor performance was evaluated by intravenous glucose infusion, with reference blood glucose determinations made in ... The in vivo initial response for three sensor implants was approximately 35 sec (n = 8). Sensor peak response to glucose after ... Each sensor implant was coupled to a radio transmitter to allow continuous long-term glucose monitoring in these awake ...
The use of glucose oxidase as a generator of H 2 O 2 in the enzymatic radioiodination of components of cell surfaces. by Isaac ... The use of glucose oxidase as a generator of H 2 O 2 in the enzymatic radioiodination of components of cell surfaces.. @article ... The use of glucose oxidase as a generator of H 2 O 2 in the enzymatic radioiodination of components of cell surfaces.}, author ...
2014) Sensitive enzymatic glucose detection by TiO2 nanowire photoelectrochemical biosensors. J. Mater. Chem. A2, 6153-6157doi: ... which quantitate blood glucose using finger pricks, fail to measure rapid and elevated glucose changes. These glucose sensors ... Non-enzymatic glucose sensor with electrodeposited silver/carbon nanotubes composite electrode. Syeda Ammara Shabbir, Sana ... Non-enzymatic glucose sensor with electrodeposited silver/carbon nanotubes composite electrode. Syeda Ammara Shabbir, Sana ...
An illustrative serum-activated oxidoreductase enzyme is glucose oxidase with the corresponding substrate in serum being ... contain serum-activated oxidoreductase enzyme for producing hydrogen peroxide upon contact of the enzymatic materials with ... Enzymatic absorbent materials such as bandages and pads, for body contact applications, ... an enzymatic toothpaste and an enzymatic chewable dentifrice containing glucose oxidase which acts on glucose present in saliva ...
... for glucose recovery following enzymatic hydrolysis. Xylose recovery following enzymatic hydrolysis for blends containing ... Glucose yields following enzymatic hydrolysis varied from 2-61% with pure balsam giving the lowest yield and pure aspen with ... Maximum glucose yields following enzymatic hydrolysis were seen to be strongly affected by both pretreatment severity and ... Feedstock Mixture Effects on Sugar Monomer Recovery Following Dilute Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis ...
Enzymatic Toothpaste (Canada) for animal usage including: active ingredients, directions for use, precautions, and storage ... Glucose Oxidase (Aspergillus Niger) and Lactoperoxidase. ... FOR ANIMAL USE ONLY. C.E.T.® Enzymatic Toothpaste is specially ... C.E.T. Enzymatic Toothpaste (Canada). This page contains information on C.E.T. Enzymatic Toothpaste for veterinary use.. The ... C.E.T. Enzymatic Toothpaste. This treatment applies to the following species:. *Cats ...
Glucose Metabolism Disorders. Metabolic Diseases. Endocrine System Diseases. Vitamins. Vitamin E. Tocopherols. Tocotrienols. ... Effects of EPA and Vitamin E on Leptin, Adiponectin and Enzymatic Antioxidants in Type 2 DM (EPA). This study has been ... Effects of EPA Alone and Combined With Vitamin E on Blood Leptin, Adiponectin and Enzymatic Antioxidants Levels in Type II ... Effects of EPA and Vitamin E on Serum Enzymatic Antioxidants and Peroxidation Indices in Patients with Type II Diabetes ...
It reveals the number of glucose molecules that have condensed on the protein, which range from 1 to 5 for healthy subjects, ... Both experiments, as well as molecular modeling of the whole protein, confirm that the most of glucose molecules have condensed ... Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry, enzymatic digestion, and molecular modeling in the study of ...
... glucose, followed by 6-deoxy-,small,D,/small,-glucose. ,small,D,/small,-Mannose, 2-deoxy-,small,D,/small,-glucose, ,small,D,/ ... glucose. ,small,D,/small,-Glucose acted as a competitive-uncompetitive inhibitor of the reverse synthetic reaction, which bound ... Enzymatic properties of cellobiose 2-epimerase from Ruminococcus albus and the synthesis of rare oligosaccharides by the enzyme ... Cellobiose versus glucose tuilizationby the ruminal bacterium Ruminococ-cus albus. THURSTON B ...
... and here we present an experimental protocol for the non-enzymatic electrochemical quantitation of glucose in liquids that can ... Non-enzymatic Electrochemical Determination of Glucose Concentration. Dhruv Trivedi1, Harry N. Thomas1, Mark Potter1, Benjamin ... Non-enzymatic Electrochemical Determination of Glucose Concentration. World Journal of Chemical Education. 2020; 8(3):107-113. ... Amperometric Determination of Glucose at Parts per Million Levels with Immobilized Glucose Oxidase. J. Chem. Educ.1982, 59, 70- ...
  • The EBFC anode was based on glucose oxidase (GOx) enzyme from Aspergilus niger immobilized on carbon fiber electrode based on carbon nanotube (CNT) and Nafion. (bmmj.org)
  • The dynamic release of glucose and ethanol produced from sucrose by immobilised Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells was determined using microchip biosensors (mu-biosensors) with either co-immobilised glucose oxidase-horseradish peroxidase (GOX-HRP), or alcohol oxidase-horseradish peroxidase (AOX-HRP), catalysing a series of reactions ending up with chemiluminescence (CL) generated from HRP-catalysed oxidation of luminol in presence of p-iodophenol (PIP). (lu.se)
  • Biofabrication Using Pyrrole Electropolymerization for the Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase and Lactate Oxidase on Implanted Microfabricated Biotransducers. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The use of glucose oxidase as a generator of H 2 O 2 in the enzymatic radioiodination of components of cell surfaces. (semanticscholar.org)
  • To demonstrate the role of glucose oxidase (GOD) on the enzyme-catalyzed production of xylose from SCB hemicellulose, a variant of the GOD gene, which contains two amino acid substitutions, was cloned from Aspergillus niger CICC40179. (usda.gov)
  • This is the first study demonstrating the application of glucose oxidase (GOD) on the enzyme-catalyzed production of xylose from SCB hemicellulose. (usda.gov)
  • Here, an innovative sensory strategy has been developed to monitor the enzymatic activities of glucose and glucose oxidase by using confined liquid crystal (LC) birefringent droplet patterns. (edu.au)
  • A flow injection system for the determination of high levels of glucose in parenteral solutions based on amperometric detection of hydrogen peroxide produced in the glucose oxidase reaction was developed. (edpsciences.org)
  • Flow injection analysis / amperometry / glucose / parenteral solutions / Taguchi parameter design / glucose oxidase reaction. (edpsciences.org)
  • An illustrative serum-activated oxidoreductase enzyme is glucose oxidase with the corresponding. (google.com)
  • 3. The enzymatic material of claim 1 wherein the oxidoreductase enzyme is glucose oxidase. (google.com)
  • 11. The enzymatic material of claim 9 wherein the substrate is glucose and the oxidoreductase enzyme is glucose oxidase. (google.com)
  • The probe was further employed to design a highly sensitive enzymatic assay for glucose via measurement of the quantity of H2O2 formed as a result of the catalytic action of glucose oxidase. (ac.rs)
  • Glucose Oxidase, Lactoperoxidase. (drugs.com)
  • A gene of glucose oxidase (GOD) from Aspergillus niger Z-25 was cloned and sequenced. (dtu.dk)
  • New Rochelle, NY, November 19, 2015--The sugar obtained after enzymatic hydrolysis of empty fruit bunches (EFBs increased from 17% to 24% when supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) pretreatment of the EFBs was used, according to a new study. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the article " Investigation of the Effect of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Pretreatment on Sugar Yield Prior to Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Empty Fruit Bunches " they show that glucose yields increased with higher pretreatment temperature, pressure, and time. (eurekalert.org)
  • Glucose was not detected in the hydrolysis system supplemented with GOD. (usda.gov)
  • The newly developed enzymatic hydrolysis system can contribute to the industrial production of xylose. (usda.gov)
  • Glucose syrup , also known as confectioner's glucose , is a syrup made from the hydrolysis of starch . (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the method used to hydrolyse the starch and on the extent to which the hydrolysis reaction has been allowed to proceed, different grades of glucose syrup are produced, which have different characteristics and uses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The original glucose syrups were manufactured by acid hydrolysis of corn starch at high temperature and pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sugar profile of a confectioner's syrup can also be mimicked by enzymatic hydrolysis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Glucose syrup can be produced by acid hydrolysis , enzyme hydrolysis, or a combination of the two. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much work has been done to understand and optimize the pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis conditions for pure feedstocks, but little is known about mixture effects on enzymatic hydrolysis. (aiche.org)
  • Similar rates of basal release of UDP-glucose and ATP (72 and 81 fmol/min/10 6 cells) combined with a rate of UDP-glucose metabolism approximately three times lower than ATP hydrolysis account for the elevated extracellular UDP-glucose levels on resting cells. (aspetjournals.org)
  • The efficiency of the enzymatic hydrolysis of wood polysaccharides ground into ultrafine particles (UFPs) has been investigated. (springer.com)
  • The content of reducing sugars (RS's) in powdered raw materials and the yield of sugars during enzymatic hydrolysis have been shown to depend on the particle size. (springer.com)
  • The grinding intensity (mill rotation rate) and time had a significant effect on the extent of the enzymatic hydrolysis of wood. (springer.com)
  • Upon simultaneous loading of beta-glucosidase and glucose isomerase inside their porous structure, Stellate MSNs-featuring a hierarchical pore arrangement and large surface area, show capability to perform a cascade reaction that converts cellobiose, a cellulosic hydrolysis product, into glucose and further to fructose. (omicsonline.org)
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Enzyme Mix - Reconstitute in 220 µL of water. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • To remove the effect of NADH or NADPH background, a blank sample may be set up for each sample by omitting the Glucose-6-Phosphate Enzyme Mix. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Commercially available glucose sensors are enzyme based and has numerous drawbacks including high cost and insufficient long-term stability, both of which originate from the intrinsic nature of the enzymes. (amrita.edu)
  • The study reports the synthesis of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanostructures and their application in enzyme free electrochemical sensing of glucose. (diva-portal.org)
  • The obtained morphological features were evaluated for their electrochemical potential towards oxidation of glucose which enabled development of sensitive (27.33 mu A mM(-1) cm(-2)), and stable enzyme free glucose sensor. (diva-portal.org)
  • Li SJ, Hou LL, Yuan BQ, Chang MZ, Ma Y, Du JM (2016) Enzyme-free glucose sensor using a glassy carbon electrode modified with reduced graphene oxide decorated with mixed copper and cobalt oxides. (springer.com)
  • Glucoamylase (1,4-α-D-glucan glucohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.3) is an enzyme which catalyzes the release of D-glucose from the nonreducing ends of starch or related oligo- and polysaccharide molecules. (google.com)
  • We studied the long-term in vitro and in vivo performance of enzyme electrode glucose sensors. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Single commercially produced enzyme-active membranes remained functional for estimating glucose in vitro for 14-36 months. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The present study indicates that the Ag/CNTs electrode is a possible substitute of the expensive glassy carbon electrode for enzyme-free glucose sensors. (bioscirep.org)
  • Enzyme-modified electrodes are incapable of measuring continuous blood glucose level [ 3-7 ]. (bioscirep.org)
  • Different nanoparticles can be used for enzyme-free glucose sensing, but the nanoparticles of transition metals such as copper (CuNPs), nickel (NiNPs), gold (AuNPs), platinum (PtNPs) and silver (AgNPs) nanoparticles are preferred due to their property to rapidly accept an electron. (bioscirep.org)
  • Enzymeless detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and glucose offers a more reliable and accurate detection route given the absence of enzyme that is sensitive to temperature, pH, poisoning chemicals, and humidity. (edu.au)
  • Enzymatic absorbent materials such as bandages and pads, for body contact applications, contain serum-activated oxidoreductase enzyme for producing hydrogen peroxide upon contact of the enzymatic materials with serum. (google.com)
  • 1. An enzymatic substantially organic absorbent material for body contact application containing, per gram of material, from about 1.0 to about 1,000 International Units of serum-activated oxidoreductase enzyme for producing hydrogen peroxide upon contact of said material with serum. (google.com)
  • 2. The enzymatic material of claim 1 wherein the concentration of oxidoreductase enzyme is from about 10 to about 500 International Units. (google.com)
  • 9. The enzymatic material of claim 1 which also contains, per gram of material, from about 0.03 to about 1.2 millimoles of substrate specific to oxidoreductase enzyme in said material for producing hydrogen peroxide upon contact of said material with serum. (google.com)
  • The enzyme was optimally active at 45°C and pH 5.0-6.5 and retained full or 1.5-2-fold enhanced activity in the presence of 0.1-0.5 M glucose. (frontiersin.org)
  • However, these methods have several drawbacks for long-term use because these enzyme based sensors are insufficiently stable in vivo ( 1 ), they are poorly accurate in low glucose concentrations ( 2 ), and their activity is oxygen-dependent ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • In contrast, glucose-responsive fluorescence is a promising approach that maintains long-lasting functionality in vivo due to its enzyme-free and reversible reaction ( 4 - 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • These results indicate that the porous Cu x O nanostructures and nanowires prepared using this facile method have potential applications in supercapacitor and enzyme-less glucose sensor electrodes. (nebraska.edu)
  • The successful demonstration of a tandem enzymatic catalyst which utilizes stellate macroporous silica nanospheres (Stellate MSN) platform as dual-enzyme host is reported herein. (omicsonline.org)
  • The silica platform provides a modality for substrate channelling which involves the transfer of the cascade intermediate, glucose, to the next enzyme without first diffusing to the bulk. (omicsonline.org)
  • The concept could be extrapolated to other enzyme tandems, with potential to impact dramatically enzymatic processes which require multi-catalyst, one-pot transformations. (omicsonline.org)
  • Conversion of glucose to fructose is accomplished by Glucose isomerase (GI) enzyme, catalyzing the reversible isomerization of D-glucose (glucose) to D-fructose (fructose). (omicsonline.org)
  • In the process of converting cellulose to glucose, β-1,4,-glucanase enzyme leads to a glucose dimer, called cellobiose. (omicsonline.org)
  • The enzyme β-glucosidase is necessary to accomplish further conversion to glucose. (omicsonline.org)
  • The relative importance of kinetic mechanisms and variable enzyme abundances for the regulation of hepatic glucose metabolism--insights from mathematical modeling. (nih.gov)
  • As a universal substrate (a molecule upon which an enzyme acts) for the production of cellular energy, glucose is of central importance in the metabolism of all life forms. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • UDP-glucose 6-dehydrogenase is a cytosolic enzyme that in humans is encoded by the UGDH gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-glucose:NAD+ 6-oxidoreductase. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is an X-linked recessive disorder that results in defective glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this research, we report a zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorod powder surface-coated with carbon material for non-enzymatic glucose sensor applications through a hydrothermal process and chemical vapor deposition method. (mdpi.com)
  • Chung R-J, Wang A-N, Liao Q-L, Chuang K-Y. Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensor Composed of Carbon-Coated Nano-Zinc Oxide. (mdpi.com)
  • This project aims at developing a commercially viable non-enzymatic glucose sensor strip and a glucometer. (amrita.edu)
  • Keeping this in mind, a metal oxide based nonenzymatic glucose sensor is being explored for mass production and commercial viability. (amrita.edu)
  • The proposed sensor exhibits excellent electrocatalytic activity towards glucose oxidation in alkaline solutions. (mdpi.com)
  • The glucose sensor is characterized by a wide concentration range from 6 µM to 6 mM, a sensitivity of 2.9 ± 0.2 µA·µM −1 ·cm −2 , and a detection limit of 6 µM at a signal-to-noise ratio S/N = 3. (mdpi.com)
  • The sensors are successfully applied for glucose determination in human serum samples, demonstrating that the CQDs/Cu 2 O-based glucose sensor satisfies the requirements of complex sample detection with adapted potential for therapeutic diagnostics. (mdpi.com)
  • Here, we introduce a non-enzymatic metal oxide glucose sensor that functions in neutral fluids by electronically inducing a reversible and localized pH change. (ucsc.edu)
  • In addition, the developed sensor showed excellent linearity (r(2)=0.9995), wide detection range (0.5-5.0 mM), lower detection limit (0.8 mu M) and extreme selectivity towards glucose in the presence of common interferents like dopamine (DP), ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). (diva-portal.org)
  • The successfully application of developed sensor for real blood glucose analysis further reflects its capability for routine glucose measurement. (diva-portal.org)
  • Subsequently, a nonenzymatic electrochemical sensor was fabricated based on the disposable rGO/CuSNFs nanocomposite for the highly sensitive and selective detection of glucose. (rsc.org)
  • In addition, the as-prepared sensor was applied to detect glucose in human urine and blood serum samples with satisfactory results, indicating that the rGO/CuSNFs nanocomposite is an extremely promising material for non-enzymatic glucose sensing in practical samples. (rsc.org)
  • Non-enzymatic electrochemical detection of glucose with a disposable paper-based sensor using a cobalt phthalocyanine-ionic liquid-graphene composite. (americanelements.com)
  • The paper-based sensor comprised a wide linear concentration range for glucose, from 0.01 to 1.3mM and 1.3-5.0mM for low and high concentration of glucose assay, respectively, with a detection limit of 0.67µM (S/N = 3). (americanelements.com)
  • Is the response of continuous glucose monitors to physiological changes in blood glucose levels affected by sensor life? (semanticscholar.org)
  • Intravital microscopy evaluation of angiogenesis and its effects on glucose sensor performance. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Modeling the relative impact of capsular tissue effects on implanted glucose sensor time lag and signal attenuation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Silver/carbon nanotubes (Ag/CNTs) nanocomposite electrode have been prepared by electrochemical process on Fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) glass, by varying silver (Ag) concentrations for non-enzymatic glucose sensor. (bioscirep.org)
  • The microwave treated NiCo 2 O 4 ( M -NiCo 2 O 4 ) showed excellent performance as a glucose sensor (sensitivity 431.29 μA·mmol/L -1 ·cm -2 ). (ustc.edu.cn)
  • In addition, the biointerface of the fluorescent hydrogel with tissues requires excellent biocompatibility to reduce the occurrence of inflammation, which decreases the life span and functionality of an implantable glucose sensor. (pnas.org)
  • These structures act as active and sensitive materials for supercapacitor and glucose sensor electrodes. (nebraska.edu)
  • NFS modified CS is employed as an electrode material for the development of non-enzymatic glucose sensor. (skku.ac.kr)
  • The developed sensor exhibited wide linear response in two different glucose concentration ranges of 10 to 1850 mM and 2350 to 7750 mM with the sensitivity value of 0.71 mA mMꠓ1 cmꠓ2 and 0.14 mA mMꠓ1 cmꠓ2. (skku.ac.kr)
  • A new non-enzymatic sensor for glucose is prepared by using of Ni(II)-one dimensional coordination polymer (Ni(II)-Cp) and C60. (naver.com)
  • The newly assembled Ni(II)-Cp/C60 also coated on glassy carbon electrode (GC) to employ as a novel electrochemical sensor for the detection of glucose. (naver.com)
  • The measurement of glucose and fructose are carried out using the enzymatic reactions below (enzymes are parenthetically stated) (McCloskey et. (diabetestalk.net)
  • al 1984): Glucose + ATP(HK) Glucose-6-Phosphate + ADP Fructose + ATP(HK) Fructose-6-Phosphate +ADP Glucose-6-Phosphate + NADP(GDH) Gluconate-6-Phosphate +NADPH +H+ Enzymatic analysis is particularly useful in determining low levels of residual reducing sugars in dry table wines. (diabetestalk.net)
  • By converting some of the glucose in corn syrup into fructose (using an enzymatic process), a sweeter product, high fructose corn syrup can be produced. (wikipedia.org)
  • High-fructose corn syrup ( HFCS ) (also called glucose-fructose , isoglucose and glucose-fructose syrup [1] [2] ) is a sweetener made from corn starch that has been processed by glucose isomerase to convert some of its glucose into fructose . (wikipedia.org)
  • The purified solution is then run over immobilized xylose isomerase , which turns the sugars to ~50-52% glucose with some unconverted oligosaccharides and 42% fructose (HFCS 42), and again demineralized and again purified using activated carbon. (wikipedia.org)
  • HFCS is 24% water, the rest being mainly fructose and glucose with 0-5% unprocessed glucose oligomers . (wikipedia.org)
  • : 17 In the late 1950s, scientists at Clinton Corn Processing Company of Clinton, Iowa tried to turn glucose from corn starch into fructose, but the process was not scalable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Simultaneous determination of glucose, fructose, sucrose and sorbitol in the leaf and fruit peel of different apple cultivars by the HPLC-RI optimized method. (naver.com)
  • As such, potential sources of food basic ingredients such as glucose and fructose from nonfood biomass renewable resources such as switch grass, corn stover, and other lignocellulosic waste, could significantly supplement the ever-growing contemporary food needs. (omicsonline.org)
  • However, assuming that the enzymatic catalysis research efforts ultimately aim to product commercialization, high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a more desired outcome, given its sweetness, equating 1.3 times more than sucrose, and the amenability of this product to be used by diabetics. (omicsonline.org)
  • This preference for the less reactive ring form offers a possible explanation for the crucial and widespread use of glucose in metabolism, as opposed to another monosaccharide such as fructose (Fru). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Metabolic fate of glucose, fructose and galactose. (unige.it)
  • With such good analytical performance from a simple process, it is believed that the nanocomposites composed of ZnO nanorod powder surface-coated with carbon material are promising for the development of cost-effective non-enzymatic electrochemical glucose biosensors with high sensitivity. (mdpi.com)
  • In vitro, in vivo and post explantation testing of glucose-detecting biosensors: current methods and recommendations. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The fourth generation of biosensors, namely the non-enzymatic biosensors have therefore gained vast research attention for glucose sensing keeping in view the desired properties they possess such as good sensitivity and selectivity, high conductivity, stability and reproducibility, low detection limit and cost effectiveness [ 8-10 ]. (bioscirep.org)
  • Recent advances in electrochemical glucose biosensors: a review. (naver.com)
  • Ink-jet printing has been demonstrated as a manufacturing technique that facilitates the rapid, reproducible and economical production of amperometric glucose biosensors. (diva-portal.org)
  • Interstitium versus Blood Equilibrium in Glucose Concentration and its Impact on Subcutaneous Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The variable Ag concentration in the morphology of Ag/CNTs nanocomposite has influenced the electrical conductivity, oxidation and reduction potential and electrochemical activity of glucose. (bioscirep.org)
  • It allows measurement of glucose concentration as low as 10-7 M. Such sensitivity makes this method particularly appropriate for estimation of glucose in natural-water bodies, generally without prior concentration or extraction. (mysciencework.com)
  • The optimal conditions for glucose determination by this method have been defined as follows: 20 min of incubation at 30°C, magnesium concentration of 10-3 M, and pH in the range of 7.5 to 10.5. (mysciencework.com)
  • 6. The enzymatic material of claim 5 wherein the concentration of peroxidatic peroxidase is from about 10 to about 500 International Units per gram of material. (google.com)
  • 10. The enzymatic material of claim 9 wherein the concentration of substrate is from about 0.06 to 0.6 millimoles per gram of material. (google.com)
  • 14. The enzymatic material of claim 13 wherein the concentration of the alkali metal salt is from about 0.001 to about 0.006 per gram of material. (google.com)
  • One milliliter of liquid from each reactor was removed, filtered, neutralized, and analyzed on an Agilent 1200 series HPLC for glucose and xylose concentration. (aiche.org)
  • The dimetallic phosphine-based Ag3 complex, having a high oxygen sensing ability, was employed as an efficient signal transducer in enzymatic reactions to recognize blood plasma glucose and urine glucose, which provided a wide linear response for a concentration range between 1.0 and 35 mM and a rapid response, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.09 mM for glucose. (uef.fi)
  • We found that the polyethylene glycol (PEG)-bonded polyacrylamide (PAM) hydrogel fibers reduced inflammation compared with PAM hydrogel fibers, transdermally glowed, and continuously responded to blood glucose concentration changes for up to 140 days, showing their potential application for long-term in vivo continuous glucose monitoring. (pnas.org)
  • The major barrier to absorption is the brush border membrane of the epithelial cells across which glucose is transported against its concentration gradient in a sodium-coupled transport system. (nature.com)
  • In addition, we determined whether the inhibition of GAPDH with iodoacetate induces dysmorphogenesis, analogous to that caused by high glucose concentration, and whether antioxidants modulated the putative teratogenic effect of such direct GAPDH inhibition. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In line with the concept of ROS-mediated embryopathy, an overproduction of superoxide in mitochondria of tissues exposed to a high glucose concentration ( 14 ) has recently been suggested as a common mechanism for all diabetic complications ( 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The electrode is designed to allow 'one-point' in vivo calibration, i.e., to have zero output current at zero glucose concentration, even in the presence of other electroreactive species. (google.co.uk)
  • A first glucose concentration-to-current transducing layer is overcoated with an electrically insulating and glucose flux limiting layer (second layer) on which, optionally, an immobilized interference-eliminating horseradish peroxidase based film is deposited (third layer). (google.co.uk)
  • As the availability of glucose is reduced due to the circulation blockage imposed by torsion of the spermatic cord cellular concentration of ATP decreases due to a decreased rate in glycolysis. (scielo.br)
  • Glucose concentration was determined by a hexokinase method. (cdc.gov)
  • We examined glycerol and glucose metabolism to better understand how photosynthates are exchanged between host and symbiont. (hindawi.com)
  • Patients should also be advised to discontinue, whenever possible, all nonessential medication that can affect glucose metabolism at least three days before testing. (labcorp.com)
  • To understand the role of insulin receptor (IR) signaling in these responses, we studied the effects of exercise and insulin on skeletal muscle glucose metabolism and insulin signaling in mice lacking insulin receptors specifically in muscle. (jci.org)
  • This study provides evidence that gAcrp30 plays a role in regulating fatty acid and glucose metabolism in human skeletal muscle. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Despite the growing body of evidence indicating that gAcrp30 is an antidiabetic hormone in rodents, directly regulating fatty acid and glucose metabolism, few studies have examined the role of gAcrp30 in regulating substrate metabolism in human skeletal muscle. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The mechanisms by which ROS excess may influence intracellular processes of developmental importance (e.g., glucose metabolism) have not been explained. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Baf60c drives glycolytic metabolism in the muscle and improves systemic glucose homeostasis through Deptor-mediated Akt activation. (nih.gov)
  • These molecules, in fact, may mediate the beneficial effects of exercise on glucose and lipid metabolism and on inflammation, which characterizes both metabolic and cardiovascular diseases [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Glucose stands out as a striking example of the complex interconnectedness of plants and animals: the plant captures solar energy into a glucose molecule, converts it to a more complex form(starch or cellulose) that is eaten by animals, which recover the original glucose units, deliver it to their cells, and eventually use that stored solar energy for their own metabolism. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • he will know the processes of production and use of energy in the cell and the role played by the mitochondria as well as the mechanisms of regulation of the main enzymatic reactions in relation to the cellular metabolism. (unige.it)
  • Glucose Metabolism - Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. (unige.it)
  • Hormonal regulation of glucose metabolism. (unige.it)
  • Here, we show that a putative Drosophila melanogaster G protein-coupled receptor, previously identified as Bride of sevenless (BOSS), responds to extracellular glucose and regulates sugar and lipid metabolism. (pnas.org)
  • Because human G protein-coupled receptor 5B and the seven-transmembrane domain of BOSS share the same sequence, our results also have important implications for glucose metabolism in humans. (pnas.org)
  • Glucose triggers intracellular signaling cascades that regulate various aspects of fuel and energy metabolism and influence cell growth, proliferation, and survival. (pnas.org)
  • In this article, we provide evidence that BOSS has a unique, critical function: a glucose-responding GPCR required for the homeostatic metabolism of glucose and lipids in Drosophila . (pnas.org)
  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PDD) is an inborn error of metabolism that predisposes to red blood cell breakdown. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electrode surface modified with transition metal and metal oxide nanoparticles have been used for the development of non-enzymatic sensors for the amperometric measurements of glucose. (amrita.edu)
  • We introduce for the first time a paper-based analytical device (PAD) for the non-enzymatic detection of glucose by modifying a screen-printed carbon electrode with cobalt phthalocyanine, graphene and an ionic liquid (CoPc/G/IL/SPCE). (americanelements.com)
  • The results demonstrated that the modified electrode on PADs had excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of glucose with NaOH as supporting electrolyte (0.1M). The oxidation potential of glucose was negatively shifted to 0.64V vs. the screen-printed carbon pseudo-reference electrode. (americanelements.com)
  • The hollow structure CuO 30 /NiO 90 was coated on the surface of glassy carbon electrode for the amperometric determination of glucose and hydrogen peroxide. (springer.com)
  • Zheng M, Li L, Gu P, Lin Z, Xue H, Pang H (2017) A glassy carbon electrode modified with ordered nanoporous Co 3 O 4 for non-enzymatic sensing of glucose. (springer.com)
  • A rod-like NiCo 2 O 4 modified glassy carbon electrode was fabricated and used for non-enzymatic glucose sensing. (ustc.edu.cn)
  • Moreover, the non-enzymatic glucose sensors of the porous Cu x O/Cu electrode had two linear ranges of 0.01-0.2 mM and 0.5-1.6 mM with the sensitivities of 1212.016 and 852.798 μA mM −1 , respectively. (nebraska.edu)
  • A small diameter flexible electrode designed for subcutaneous in vivo amperometric monitoring of glucose is described. (google.co.uk)
  • The authors report that CuO x /NiO y hollow nanocomposites are an effective bifunctional catalyst capable of oxidizing glucose and reducing hydrogen peroxide. (springer.com)
  • CGM devices utilize electrochemical detection of glucose which facilitates quantitation of glucose with high sensitivity and selectivity. (bioscirep.org)
  • Constant potential amperometry was used for electrochemical detection of glucose and Nafion® membranes were employed to reduce interference from the commonly occurring AA and UA interferants, present in blood at high concentrations. (maynoothuniversity.ie)
  • This assay protocol is suitable for the colorimetric detection of Glucose-6-Phosphate (G6P) in cell and tissue culture supernatants, urine, plasma, serum, and other biological samples using the Glucose-6-Phosphate Assay Kit (MAK014) . (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Assay Buffer - Allow buffer to come to room temperature before use. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Add Glucose-6-Phosphate Assay Buffer to each well to bring the volume to 50 µL. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Bring samples to a final volume of 50 µL with Glucose-6-Phosphate Assay Buffer. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Component of Glucose (GO) Assay Kit (GAGO-20). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Sensitive Enzymatic Assay for Glucose Determination in Natural. (mysciencework.com)
  • The amount of adenosine 5′-triphosphate consumed in this reaction, which is directly proportional to the amount of glucose present in the sample, is measured by the luciferin-luciferase assay. (mysciencework.com)
  • In this work, we present a facile preparation of a paper-based glucose assay for rapid, sensitive, and quantitative measurement of glucose in blood plasma and urine. (uef.fi)
  • Identification of a G protein-coupled receptor activated by UDP-glucose led us to develop a sensitive and specific assay for UDP-glucose mass and to test whether this sugar nucleotide is released as an extracellular signaling molecule. (aspetjournals.org)
  • To test this hypothesis, we developed a radiometric assay for UDP-glucose that allows reliable and specific detection at concentrations of the nucleotide sugar as low as 1 nM. (aspetjournals.org)
  • This assay was applied to illustrate that UDP-glucose is released from 1321N1 human astrocytoma and other cells and accumulates on the cell surface at steady-state concentrations often in excess of those of extracellular ATP and UTP. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Gibbs energy considerations thus are not favorable to drive e.g., water splitting by the direct oxidation of glucose as a model reaction. (mpg.de)
  • The objective of this thesis is to investigate different strategies for the optimisation of biocatalytic anodes with a view to developing a semi- or fully implantable, miniature, membrane-less enzymatic fuel cell via enzymatic oxidation of glucose coupled to the enzymatic reduction of dissolved dioxygen capable of operating under in vivo conditions. (nuigalway.ie)
  • auto-oxidation of glucose and non-enzymatic protein glycation. (ssrn.com)
  • It catalyzes the oxidation of glucose-6-phosphate and the reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP+) to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). (medscape.com)
  • Enzymatic analysis is a useful tool to determine concentrations of some wine components. (diabetestalk.net)
  • Enzymatic assays require that standards with known concentrations be run. (diabetestalk.net)
  • Based on the stable LC droplet patterns generated by the cylindrical confinement system, the functionalized LCs can selectively detect glucose at concentrations as low as 0.1 pM. (edu.au)
  • A FIA procedure for enzymatic determination of high glucose concentrations. (edpsciences.org)
  • Under optimal conditions, a linear response for glucose concentrations, between 0.1 and 1.0 M was achieved. (edpsciences.org)
  • In practical application, this Ag3 paper-based device offers great analytical reliability and accuracy upon monitoring glucose concentrations in blood plasma. (uef.fi)
  • Despite their significance for the production of glucose, most identified BGLs are commonly inhibited by low (∼mM) concentrations of glucose. (frontiersin.org)
  • The ability to monitor glucose concentrations in vivo over the long term enables the sensors to be implanted and replaced less often, thereby bringing CGM closer to practical implementation. (pnas.org)
  • However, the full potential of long-term in vivo glucose monitoring has yet to be realized because current fluorescence-based sensors cannot remain at an implantation site and respond to blood glucose concentrations over an extended period. (pnas.org)
  • In vivo glucose monitoring allows continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and facilitates intensive control of blood glucose concentrations in diabetic patients. (pnas.org)
  • We found that embryos from diabetic rats and embryos cultured in high glucose concentrations showed decreased activity of GAPDH (by 40-60%) and severe dysmorphogenesis on gestational days 10.5 and 11.5. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • An experimental study has been conducted to investigate acute changes in testicular concentrations of ATP and glucose following one-hour unilateral 720° testicular torsion. (scielo.br)
  • Unilateral one-hour testicular torsion causes a decrease in ipsilateral testicular perfusion resulting in decreased testicular concentrations of glucose and ATP. (scielo.br)
  • Similar concentrations of glucose and ATP in testicular tissues of rats submitted to ischemia (Group 1) and sham-operated rats (Group 2) following detorsion implies the possible reversibility of these changes. (scielo.br)
  • article{1089221, abstract = {beta-D-Glucose-1-phosphate (beta Glc1P) is an efficient glucosyl donor for both enzymatic and chemical glycosylation reactions but is currently very costly and not available in large amounts. (ugent.be)
  • Perturbations in glucose homeostasis is critical for human health, as hyperglycemia (defining diabetes) leads to premature death caused by macrovascular and microvascular complications. (mdpi.com)
  • Therefore, their use is an important strategy in the construction of non-enzymatic glucose sensors. (amrita.edu)
  • Current continuous glucose sensors use enzymes with a one-to-two week lifespan, which forces periodic replacement. (ucsc.edu)
  • Metal oxide sensors are an alternative to enzymatic sensors with a longer lifetime. (ucsc.edu)
  • Enzymatic glucose sensors. (semanticscholar.org)
  • article{Updike1994EnzymaticGS, title={Enzymatic glucose sensors. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Glucose sensors are in great demand due to a rapid increase in diabetic community. (bioscirep.org)
  • Commercially portable glucose sensors, which quantitate blood glucose using finger pricks, fail to measure rapid and elevated glucose changes. (bioscirep.org)
  • These glucose sensors are based on enzymes and have several drawbacks, consisting in high cost and low stability, due to inherent properties of enzymes. (bioscirep.org)
  • CGM sensors are intended to solve this problem using non-enzymatic nanosensors. (bioscirep.org)
  • The use of fluorescence-based sensors holds great promise for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in vivo, allowing wireless transdermal transmission and long-lasting functionality in vivo. (pnas.org)
  • We fabricated glucose-responsive fluorescent hydrogels in a fibrous structure because this structure enables the sensors to remain at the implantation site for a long period. (pnas.org)
  • Long-lasting implantable sensors can reduce the frequency of implantation and replacement, resulting in long-term in vivo glucose monitoring with less effort by patients and less tissue damage. (pnas.org)
  • Recent studies have shown that glucose sensors are found in various hypothalamic neurons and endocrine cells (the pancreas and gut), where they function to regulate feeding behavior ( 2 , 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • plus Hb A 1c ≥6.5% or fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL after no caloric intake for at least eight hours or two-hour plasma glucose ≥200 mg/dL during a 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test and any of the initial findings (above) must be confirmed on a subsequent day. (labcorp.com)
  • Administration of the globular head group of adiponectin (gAcrp30) reduces plasma glucose levels and ameliorates insulin resistance in mice ( 5 - 7 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Diabetes mellitus was assessed by measures of fasting plasma glucose, two-hour glucose (OGTT) and serum insulin in participants, aged 12 years and over, who were examined in the morning (AM) session only. (cdc.gov)
  • The University of Missouri-Columbia began testing plasma glucose in the 2013-2014 cycle. (cdc.gov)
  • The present invention relates to novel enzymes and a method of utilizing the enzymes for producing glucose from starch. (google.com)
  • More specifically, the present invention relates to the use of mutated glucoamylase enzymes for increasing the yield of glucose produced from a unit of starch or partially hydrolyzed starch. (google.com)
  • The term enzymatic analysis is generally understood to mean analysis with the aid of enzymes. (diabetestalk.net)
  • [7] p. 465 This is possible because these enzymes remove two glucose units (i.e. one maltose molecule) at a time from the end of the starch molecule. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conversion of cellulose to glucose involves a mixture of enzymes termed cellulase. (omicsonline.org)
  • This initiates a complex series of intracellular signaling events that lead to the numerous cellular effects of insulin including increased glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis (reviewed in refs. (jci.org)
  • This review provides comprehensive insights regarding potential methods of xylitol production from D-glucose, which might be an alternative to the classical process that utilizes D-xylose as substrate. (eurekaselect.com)
  • The operation of EBFC was carefully investigated by use of glucose/O2 as substrate and oxidant respectively. (bmmj.org)
  • 155 μmol min -1 mg -1 with cellobiose) among known glucose-tolerant BGLs and was free from substrate (0.1 M cellobiose) inhibition. (frontiersin.org)
  • A new substrate inhibition pattern, competitive substrate inhibition, was also found in the reverse reaction of CBP using glucose as the acceptor. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Additionally, the PADs were applied to quantify glucose in honey, white wine and human serum. (americanelements.com)
  • It can be used to detect glucose in spiked human serum. (springer.com)
  • Shu Y, Yan Y, Chen J, Xu Q, Pang H, Hu X (2017) Ni and NiO nanoparticles decorated metal-organic framework nanosheets: facile synthesis and high-performance nonenzymatic glucose detection in human serum. (springer.com)
  • This invention relates to absorbent materials adapted for use in body contact applications and, more particularly, to enzymatic absorbent materials such as bandages and pads that produce a bacteriostatic effect upon contact with body fluids such as serum. (google.com)
  • and 13 with clinical proteinuria, group C), mean blood glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin and non-enzymatic glycosylated serum and urinary proteins, expressed as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF), were measured. (nih.gov)
  • In each group of diabetic patients, the levels of mean daily blood glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin and serum 5-HMF/mg protein were higher than in the control subjects. (nih.gov)
  • The urinary 5-HMF/day did not correlate with the mean daily blood glucose levels and, only in group A, did it correlate with serum 5-HMF and glycosylated haemoglobin. (nih.gov)
  • It is used in patients with borderline fasting and postprandial glucose to support or rule out the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. (labcorp.com)
  • Casual" meaning any random glucose obtained at any time of the day without respect to fasting or not fasting. (labcorp.com)
  • Draw a fasting blood sample before administering glucose. (labcorp.com)
  • Glucose is measured and it is the increase or lack of increase over the fasting specimen that is used for interpretation. (labcorp.com)
  • Fasting glucose, HOMA-IR, and total cholesterol levels were inversely related to the degree of physical activity. (hindawi.com)
  • A fasting glucose blood test was performed on all participants, 12 years and older, who were examined in the morning session, after a 9 hour fast. (cdc.gov)
  • The fasting glucose value in mg/dL (LBXGLT) was converted to mmol/L (LBDGLTSI) by multiplying by 0.05551 (rounded to 3 decimals). (cdc.gov)
  • OBJECTIVE -To determine the age- and sex-specific prevalence of impaired fasting glycemia, impaired glucose tolerance, screen-detected diabetes, and known diabetes in a Danish population aged 30-60 years and to examine the phenotype and the cardiovascular risk profile in individuals with impaired glucose regulation. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • 101200: Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT), Two-hour (Oral. (labcorp.com)
  • 50 mg/dL coincides with symptoms of hypoglycemia, a six-hour glucose tolerance test is advocated, 1 but many consider the alternative better. (labcorp.com)
  • Excessive growth hormone, adrenocortical and thyroid hormones, and catecholamines cause decreased glucose tolerance. (labcorp.com)
  • The glucose tolerance test lacks specificity and sensitivity for the complications of diabetes mellitus. (labcorp.com)
  • Impaired glucose tolerance is not equivalent to diabetes mellitus. (labcorp.com)
  • Since 25% of normal individuals have flat glucose tolerance tests, it has been suggested that patients with flat lactose tolerance tests should also have a glucose tolerance test. (labcorp.com)
  • Beginning in 2005, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was added to the laboratory protocol. (cdc.gov)
  • Testing of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) continued in 2013-2014. (cdc.gov)
  • All participants underwent anthropometric measurements, blood samples, and a 75-g standardized oral glucose tolerance test. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • 0.0001) in the individuals with impaired glucose regulation compared with individuals with normal glucose tolerance. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Prior to drawing patient, see Specimen Collection Procedure - Glucose Tolerance Testing. (akronchildrens.org)
  • There are a variety of applications for electrochemistry (including synthetic, physical and analytical chemistry), and here we present an experimental protocol for the non-enzymatic electrochemical quantitation of glucose in liquids that can be used in teaching laboratories. (sciepub.com)
  • Bioelectroanalysis in a drop: construction of a glucose biosensor. (naver.com)
  • Cellulose, the most abundant component of biomass on earth, is a linear polymer of D -glucose linked by β-1,4-glucosidic bonds. (frontiersin.org)
  • Thus, the development of BGLs that are insensitive to glucose and cellobiose inhibition will have a significant impact on the enzymatic saccharification of cellulosic biomass and will accelerate the entire process of cellulose breakdown. (frontiersin.org)
  • The principal constituent of lignocellulosic biomass is cellulose, a glucose-based polymer . (omicsonline.org)
  • Milk cows, for example, graze on grass as a source of cellulose, which they break down to glucose using their four-chambered stomachs. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Lactate from active skeletal muscle, amino acids from protein in the diet or protein in muscle, and glycerol , derived from the breakdown of fats , may contribute to the synthesis of glucose (gluconeogenesis). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Gluconeogenesis: glucose synthesis sites, main precursors and enzymatic reactions. (unige.it)
  • Maaoui H, Teodoresu F, Wang Q, Pan G-H, Addad A, Chtourou R, Szunerits S, Boukherroub R. Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensing Using Carbon Quantum Dots Decorated with Copper Oxide Nanoparticles. (mdpi.com)
  • In this work, carbon quantum dots decorated with copper oxide nanostructures (CQDs/Cu 2 O) are prepared by a simple hydrothermal approach, and their potential for electrochemical non-enzymatic glucose sensing is evaluated. (mdpi.com)
  • Furthermore, the rGO/CuSNFs/GCE also showed the great reproducibility, the long-term storage stability and the excellent anti-interference ability for glucose sensing. (rsc.org)
  • This enables voltammetric sensing of glucose with (a) a low limit of detection (0.08 μM, at S/ N = 3), (b) over a wide linear range (0.20 μM - 2.5 mM), and (c) high sensitivity (2043 μA·mM −1 ·cm −2 ). (springer.com)
  • Zhang Y, Wang L, Yu J, Yang H, Pan G, Miao L, Song Y (2017) Three-dimensional macroporous carbon supported hierarchical ZnO-NiO nanosheets for electrochemical glucose sensing. (springer.com)
  • Dry" NiCo2O4 Nanorods for Electrochemical Non-enzymatic Glucose Sensing[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2018, 31(6): 799-805. (ustc.edu.cn)
  • A gold nanoparticle-functionalised multi-walled carbon nanotube composite, fMWCNT-Aunano, was prepared by a simple reduction method using sodium borohydride and was used for sensing glucose non-enzymatically at neutral pH. (maynoothuniversity.ie)
  • Optical methods for sensing glucose. (naver.com)
  • Tenfold enhancement of fluorescence quantum yield of water soluble silver nanoclusters for nano-molar level glucose sensing and precise determination of blood glucose level. (naver.com)
  • Although many glucose-sensing systems have been identified in the past few years, details remain elusive about the upstream sensing mechanisms in glucose regulatory pathways, especially whether glucose-sensing receptors exist in cell surface membranes. (pnas.org)
  • Consistent with this conclusion is our finding that BOSS is expressed in nutrient-sensing tissue, the fat body, and that BOSS responds to glucose stimulation. (pnas.org)
  • Design and Fabrication of Glucose/O2 Enzymatic Biofuel Cell', Biomacromolecular Journal , 2(2), pp. 102-107. (bmmj.org)
  • The maximum power delivered by the assembled biofuel cell in stationary state, reached 106.4 µW/cm2 at 0.45 V with 0.2 M glucose at 25°C. Also the best Results of the fabricated cell show that present biofuel cell could be used as a power source to generate electricity for small power bioelectronic devices. (bmmj.org)
  • Understand how an enzymatic biofuel cell differs from a conventional PEM fuel cell. (coursera.org)
  • Human body requires the right amount of insulin to be released, therefore it is very essential to measure the glucose level throughout day and night. (bioscirep.org)
  • This islet function is emulated by administering insulin, titrating the injections in response to blood glucose level measurements. (google.com)
  • Grain sorghum muffin reduces glucose and insulin responses in men. (naver.com)
  • Physical exercise promotes glucose uptake into skeletal muscle and makes the working muscles more sensitive to insulin. (jci.org)
  • Muscle-specific insulin receptor knockout (MIRKO) mice had normal resting 2-deoxy-glucose (2DG) uptake in soleus muscles but had no significant response to insulin. (jci.org)
  • In conclusion, normal expression of muscle insulin receptors is not needed for the exercise-mediated increase in glucose uptake and glycogen synthase activity in vivo. (jci.org)
  • The synergistic activation of glucose transport with exercise plus insulin is retained in MIRKO mice, suggesting a phenomenon mediated by nonmuscle cells or by downstream signaling events. (jci.org)
  • Therefore, in the present study, we have used an isolated human skeletal muscle preparation to examine the effect of gAcrp30 on basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, fatty acid oxidation, fatty acid partitioning into intramyocellular lipid pools, and AMPK signaling. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Activation of the glycolytic muscle program by transgenic expression of Baf60c protects mice from diet-induced insulin resistance and glucose intolerance. (nih.gov)
  • Glucose, one of the most important nutrients for animals, acts as a regulatory signal that controls the secretion of hormones, such as insulin, by endocrine tissues. (pnas.org)
  • Many studies employing labeled 14 C-bicarbonate have since demonstrated that after its uptake and fixation by the photosynthetic activity of symbionts, the two labeled, free carbohydrates identified in symbiotic animal tissues were mainly glycerol and glucose [ 5 - 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore, we examined whether the globular head of adiponectin, gAcrp30, acutely activates fatty acid oxidation and glucose uptake in isolated human skeletal muscle. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Recent studies have also shown that treatment of isolated rodent skeletal muscle with gAcrp30 stimulates glucose uptake ( 10 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The molecular mechanism responsible for the stimulation of fatty acid oxidation and glucose uptake appears to be attributable to the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) via specific receptor signaling. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Adiponectin has no effect on fatty acid oxidation or glucose uptake when AMPK activity is blocked by dominant-negative AMPK expression, demonstrating that the metabolic effects of gAcrp30 occur through activation of AMPK ( 1 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • This finding suggests that one-hour unilateral testicular torsion impairs testicular capacity to produce ATP (energy) due to glucose storage depletion and reduced glucose uptake. (scielo.br)
  • We present data demonstrating that BRAF inhibition reduces melanoma glucose uptake per cell, but that this change is no longer significant following normalization for cell volume changes. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Evidence of aerobic glycolysis can be observed clinically using the glucose analog radiotracer 18-fluorodeoxyglucose ( 18 FDG) with positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, reflecting a relative increase in glucose uptake in tumors compared with most normal tissues. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Before conversion of starch to glucose can begin, the starch must be separated from the plant material. (wikipedia.org)
  • It exhibits excellent electrocatalytic activity towards glucose oxidation in solution of pH 13, typically at a working potential of +0.60 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). (springer.com)
  • β-glucosidases (BGLs) hydrolyze cello-oligosaccharides to glucose and play a crucial role in the enzymatic saccharification of cellulosic biomass. (frontiersin.org)
  • The breakdown of cellulosic biomass to glucose involves physical-chemical treatment followed by enzymatic saccharification of the raw material. (frontiersin.org)
  • The electrochemical measurement of glucose becomes a strenuous task as there is a probability of these complex structures to restrain and interfere while measuring glucose. (bioscirep.org)
  • Therefore a sensitive approach must be brought into interest which makes a selective glucose measurement. (bioscirep.org)
  • However, the simple and accurate detection of glucose in the blood at low cost remains a challenging task, although it is of great importance for the diagnosis and therapy of diabetic patients. (mdpi.com)
  • 1969) A modified method is described for tlle enzymatic glucose determination in blood using the Auto-Analyzer. (diabetestalk.net)
  • Managing glucose levels in human blood is extremely important for the treatment of diabetes. (edu.au)
  • 82962 for checking blood sugar level by glucose meter right? (aapc.com)
  • This test reports blood glucose monitoring by an FDA-approved device. (aapc.com)
  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzymatic disorder of red blood cells, affecting 400 million people worldwide. (medscape.com)
  • As glucose is vital for the human body and for the brain , it is important to maintain rather constant blood glucose levels. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • For those with diabetes mellitus, a disease where glucose levels in the blood get too high, personal responsibility (i.e. self management) is the key for treatment. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Glucose dose will be orally administered and blood will be collected at the 1 hour interval post glucose ingestion. (akronchildrens.org)
  • The efficient use of Ks5A7 in conjunction with Trichoderma reesei cellulases in enzymatic saccharification of alkaline-treated rice straw was demonstrated by increased production of glucose. (frontiersin.org)
  • For the cyclic voltammetric (CV) glucose detection, the low detection limit of 1 mM with a linear range from 0.1 mM to 10 mM was attained. (mdpi.com)
  • The glucose molecule can exist in an open-chain (acyclic) form and a ring (cyclic) form. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • When glucose exists in cyclic form, the functional group is not free, making the molecule less reactive. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Then, the remained solid residue after acid-pretreatment was further pretreated by ionic liquid to decrease its crystallinity for subsequent enzymatic saccharification. (xtbg.ac.cn)
  • The combination of dilute acid- and IL-pretreatments resulted in significant higher glucose yield (95.5%) in enzymatic saccharification, which was more effective than using dilute acid- or IL-pretreatment alone. (xtbg.ac.cn)
  • In this study, enzymatic saccharification of treated and untreated date palm cellulosic wastes by the cellulases from Geobacillus stearothermophilus was optimized. (bvsalud.org)
  • Expression of the recombinant human UDP-glucose receptor in COS-7 cells resulted in enhanced G protein-promoted inositol phosphate accumulation that was partially inhibited by removal of medium UDP-glucose with nucleotide pyrophosphatase. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Characterization of human UDP-glucose dehydrogenase. (wikipedia.org)
  • The low tendency of glucose, in comparison to other hexose sugars, to non-specifically react with the amino groups of proteins might explain its importance to advanced life. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In microorganisms such as Trichoderma viride, the conversion is step-wise process: first, beta-1,4 glucanase breaks the glyosidic linkage to cellobiose-a glucose dimer ( Figure 1 ) which is subsequently converted to glucose by beta-glucosidase (β-glucosidase). (omicsonline.org)
  • Moreover, the selectivity data demonstrated good anti-interference property of NFS/CS towards glucose in the presence of possible interfering species viz. (skku.ac.kr)
  • Continuous glucose monitoring from sweat and tears can improve the quality of life of diabetic patients and provide data for more accurate diagnosis and treatment. (ucsc.edu)
  • Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) plays a very important role in fulfilling this objective [ 1 ]. (bioscirep.org)
  • despite their great potential for continuous glucose monitoring, the microbeads were not suitable for long-term monitoring in vivo because they dispersed from the implantation site and were difficult to remove. (pnas.org)
  • Here, we present a long-term in vivo glucose monitoring method using glucose-responsive fluorescent hydrogel fibers. (pnas.org)
  • A ) A schematic illustration of the fluorescent hydrogel fiber designed for long-term in vivo glucose monitoring. (pnas.org)
  • Exogenous supplementation with antioxidative agents diminishes diabetic embryopathy in vivo ( 9 - 13 ) and glucose-induced embryonic dysmorphogenesis in vitro ( 3 , 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Glucose can be obtained through the breakdown of glycogen, the storage form of glucose in animals and fungi , through a process known as glycogenolysis. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Glycogen is an auxiliary energy source, tapped and converted back into glucose when there is need for energy. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • When glucose is not supplied in the diet and glycogen stores have been depleted, animals may also synthesize glucose in the liver and (to a lesser extent) in the kidneys from non-carbohydrate intermediates. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • These results corroborate previous observations on carbon translocation from symbiont to host in the sea anemone Exaiptasia , where glucose was proposed as a main translocated metabolite. (hindawi.com)
  • Glucose, which has six carbon atoms (i.e., it is a hexose sugar) and contains an aldehyde group (-CHO), is thus referred to as an aldohexose . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Glucose functions as a cellular fuel or carbon source in most organisms. (pnas.org)
  • However, how organisms respond to extracellular glucose and how glucose controls nutrient homeostasis remain unknown. (pnas.org)
  • Evaluations of newborn screening program performance and enzymatic diagnosis of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Guangzhou]. (cdc.gov)
  • The method is based on the reaction between glucose and adenosine 5′-triphosphate, catalyzed by hexokinase to form glucose-6-phosphate. (mysciencework.com)
  • SC-CO2 pretreatment plus premixing of the EFBs with alkali further increased the glucose yield to almost 37%, as reported in the study published in Industrial Biotechnology , a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. (eurekalert.org)
  • Stage I A preparatory stage in which glucose is phosphorylated and cleaved to yield two molecules of glyceraldehyde-3- phosphate - uses two ATPs Stage II glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate is converted to pyruvate with the concomitant generation of four ATPs-net profit is 2ATPs per glucose. (coursehero.com)
  • Here we describe an efficient method for the preparation of kojic acid from D -glucose via glucosone by a three-step chemo-enzymatic route. (rsc.org)
  • Enzymatic determination of starch in foods by the hexokinase method (in German). (diabetestalk.net)
  • A new enzymatic method for glucose determination is described. (mysciencework.com)
  • Application of this method is demonstrated in eight monthly profiles of the glucose content in Lake Kinneret. (mysciencework.com)
  • The results obtained are in a good agreement with those obtained using the spectrophotometric enzymatic method. (edpsciences.org)
  • Method is enzymatic, electrochemical, or spectrophotometry by small portable device designed for home glucose testing. (aapc.com)
  • It is an endpoint enzymatic method with a sample blank correction. (cdc.gov)