Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
Fluoride poisoning, also known as fluoride toxicity, is a condition characterized by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and seizures that result from ingesting excessive amounts of fluoride, typically through contaminated water or industrial exposure.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.
Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.
A highly toxic, colorless, nonflammable gas. It is used as a pharmaceutical aid and antioxidant. It is also an environmental air pollutant.
The contamination of indoor air.
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).
Respiratory tract diseases are a broad range of medical conditions that affect the nose, throat, windpipe, and lungs, impairing breathing and oxygen uptake, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, bronchitis, influenza, tuberculosis, and sleep apnea.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.
A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.
Relating to the size of solids.

The role of domestic factors and day-care attendance on lung function of primary school children. (1/630)

The results of studies examining the relationship of domestic factors to lung function are contradictory. We therefore examined the independent effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), the presence of a cat, type of heating and cooking used in the home and day-care attendance on lung function after controlling for socioeconomic status (SES). Nine hundred and eighty-nine children from 18 Montreal schools were studied between April 1990 and November 1992. Information on the child's health and exposure to domestic factors was collected by questionnaire. Spirometry was performed at school. The data were analysed by multiple linear regression with percent predicted FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC as dependent variables. In the overall sample (both sexes combined), cat in the home (regression coefficient, beta = -1.15, 95% confidence interval, CI: -2.26-(-)0.05) and electric baseboard units (beta = -1.26, 95% CI: -2.39-(-)0.13) were independently associated with a lower FEV1/FVC, while day-care attendance (beta = -2.05, 95% CI: -3.71-(-)0.40) significantly reduced FEV1. Household ETS was significantly associated with increasing level of FVC (beta = 2.86, 95% CI: +0.55 to +5.17). In boys but not girls, household ETS (beta = -2.13, 95% CI: -4.07-(-)0.19) and the presence of a cat (beta = -2.19, 95% CI: -3.94-(-)0.45) were associated with lower FEV1/FVC. By contrast, day-care attendance was associated with lower FEV1 (beta = -2.92, 95% CI: -5.27-(-)0.56) and FEV1/FVC (beta = -1.53, 95% CI: -2.73-(-)0.33) in girls only. In conclusion, the results provide evidence that domestic factors and day-care attendance primarily affected airway caliber and gender differences were apparent in the effects of these factors.  (+info)

Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and apoptosis in benign prostatic hyperplasia before and after the Chernobyl accident in Ukraine. (2/630)

The prevalence of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) in men who underwent surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) before and after the Chernobyl nuclear accident was studied. BPH samples were obtained by adenomectomy from 45 patients operated in 1984 before the accident (Group I), and 47 patients from the low contaminated Kiev City (Group II) and 76 from high contaminated area (Group III) operated between 1996 and 1998. Their BPH samples were examined histologically and immunohistochemically. The incidences of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and high grade PIN (HGPIN) were 15.5 and 11.1% in Group I, 29.8 and 14.9% in Grpoup II, and 35. 5 and 19.7% in Group III. The difference between the incidences of PIN in Group I and III is significant (p<0.02). There was increased apoptosis in areas of PIN in Group II and III as compared to Group I (p<0.001). Since apoptosis has been shown to be associated with ionizing radiation and it is now found to be associated with PIN in patients diagnosed after the Chernobyl nuclear accident, this suggests that long-term low dose internal ionizing radiation potentially may cause prostate cancer.  (+info)

8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, a major mutagenic oxidative DNA lesion, and DNA strand breaks in nasal respiratory epithelium of children exposed to urban pollution. (3/630)

Southwest metropolitan Mexico City children are repeatedly exposed to high levels of a complex mixture of air pollutants, including ozone, particulate matter, aldehydes, metals, and nitrogen oxides. We explored nasal cell 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a major mutagenic lesion producing G-->T transversion mutations, using an immunohistochemical method, and DNA single strand breaks (ssb) using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay as biomarkers of oxidant exposure. Nasal biopsies from the posterior inferior turbinate were examined in children in grades one through five, including 12 controls from a low-polluted coastal town and 87 Mexico City children. Each biopsy was divided for the 8-OHdG and DNA ssb assays. There was an age-dependent increase in the percentage of nasal cells with DNA tails > 10 microm in Mexico City children: 19 +/- 9% for control cells, and 43 +/- 4, 50 +/- 16, 56 +/- 17, 60 +/- 17 and 73 +/- 14%, respectively, for first through fifth graders (p < 0.05). Nasal ssb were significantly higher in fifth graders than in first graders (p < 0.05). Higher levels (2.3- to 3-fold) of specific nuclear staining for 8-OHdG were observed in exposed children as compared to controls (p < 0.05). These results suggest that DNA damage is present in nasal epithelial cells in Mexico City children. Persistent oxidative DNA damage may ultimately result in a selective growth of pr eneoplastic nasal initiated cells in this population and the potential for nasal neoplasms may increase with age. The combination of 8-OHdG and DNA ssb should be useful for monitoring oxidative damage in people exposed to polluted atmospheres.  (+info)

Plasma jet takes off. (4/630)

Thanks to a series of joint research projects by Los Alamos National Laboratory, Beta Squared of Allen, Texas, and the University of California at Los Angeles, there is now a more environmentally sound method for cleaning semiconductor chips that may also be effective in cleaning up chemical, bacterial, and nuclear contaminants. The Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet uses a type of ionized gas called plasma to clean up contaminants by binding to them and lifting them away. In contrast to the corrosive acids and chemical solvents traditionally used to clean semiconductor chips, the jet oxidizes contaminants, producing only benign gaseous by-products such as oxygen and carbon dioxide. The new technology is also easy to transport, cleans thoroughly and quickly, and presents no hazards to its operators.  (+info)

Consumption and production waste: another externality of tobacco use. (5/630)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the waste produced by and environmental implications of individual cigarette consumption (filter tips, packages, and cartons) and tobacco manufacturing. STUDY SELECTION: All available articles and reports published since 1970 related to cigarette consumption and production waste were reviewed. DATA SOURCES: Global cigarette consumption data were used to estimate cigarette butt and packaging waste quantities. Data from the Center for Marine Conservation's International Coastal Cleanup Project were used to describe some environmental impacts of tobacco-related trash. Data from the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Toxics Release Inventory and reported global cigarette consumption totals were used to estimate waste production from cigarette manufacturing. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: In 1995, an estimated 5.535 trillion cigarettes (27,675 million cartons and 276,753 million packages) were sold by the tobacco industry globally. Some of the wastes from these products were properly deposited, but a large amount of tobacco consumption waste ends up in the environment. Some is recovered during environmental clean-up days. For the past eight years (1990-1997), cigarette butts have been the leading item found during the International Coastal Cleanup Project; they accounted for 19.1% of all items collected in 1997. The tobacco manufacturing process produces liquid, solid, and airborne waste. Among those wastes, some materials, including nicotine, are designated by the EPA as Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) chemicals. These are possible environmental health hazards. In 1995, the global tobacco industry produced an estimated 2262 million kilograms of manufacturing waste and 209 million kilograms of chemical waste. In addition, total nicotine waste produced in the manufacture of reduced nicotine cigarettes was estimated at 300 million kilograms. CONCLUSIONS: Laws against littering relative to cigarette butts could be better enforced. Additional taxes might be levied on cigarette products that would then be directed to environmental clean-up efforts. The tobacco industry should improve the biodegradability of filters, reduce packaging waste, and educate its customers. Worksites and public buildings should be encouraged or required to supply appropriate disposal mechanisms at all building entrances. Public awareness campaigns about the magnitude and prevention of cigarette consumption waste could be developed through partnerships among environmental groups, health organisations, and environmental protection agencies. Tobacco production waste should be a source of concern and regulation by governments throughout the world; it contains numerous chemicals which may be considered health hazards, not the least of which is nicotine produced in the manufacture of low-nicotine cigarettes.  (+info)

Experimental studies on environmental contamination with infected blood during haemodialysis. (6/630)

To assess the relative importance of different postulated modes of spread of hepatitis B in dialysis units, blood charged with various tracer organisms was used in simulated haemodialysis runs in four laboratories, and the resulting contamination of equipment and environment was measured semi-quantitatively. Some airborne spread of the tracer organism occurred when tubing containing contaminated blood was needled as the "patient" went on and came off the dialyser. Virtually no small airborne particles could be demonstrated however in simulated emergencies in which a blood line was disconnected, or even when bottles of blood were dropped on to a hard floor from a height of 2 metres. Bacillus globigii spores from contaminated blood leaked in small numbers into the dialysing fluid through apparently intact coils. T3 phage, with a particle size of the same order as hepatitis B virus, passed in small quantities through the membrane of a Kiil dialyser from blood to dialysing fluid and also in the reverse direction when added to the header tank. A number of other dialysers were also permeable to phage. Visual assessment of the appropriate moment for inserting the venous line into the "patient" at the onset of dialysis was shown to be unreliable, as the displaced fluid from the end of the venous line was already contaminated before it contained visible red blood cells. Considerable contamination of exposed surfaces and of the buttons on the proportionating unit cabinet occurred. Minor visible splashing of blood was a common-place of the laboratory experiments and was shown to be also a common event during routine haemodialysis in two of the dialysis units taking part in the studies.  (+info)

Adhesion of biodegradative anaerobic bacteria to solid surfaces. (7/630)

In order to exploit the ability of anaerobic bacteria to degrade certain contaminants for bioremediation of polluted subsurface environments, we need to understand the mechanisms by which such bacteria partition between aqueous and solid phases, as well as the environmental conditions that influence partitioning. We studied four strictly anaerobic bacteria, Desulfomonile tiedjei, Syntrophomonas wolfei, Syntrophobacter wolinii, and Desulfovibrio sp. strain G11, which theoretically together can constitute a tetrachloroethylene- and trichloroethylene-dechlorinating consortium. Adhesion of these organisms was evaluated by microscopic determination of the numbers of cells that attached to glass coverslips exposed to cell suspensions under anaerobic conditions. We studied the effects of the growth phase of the organisms on adhesion, as well as the influence of electrostatic and hydrophobic properties of the substratum. Results indicate that S. wolfei adheres in considerably higher numbers to glass surfaces than the other three organisms. Starvation greatly decreases adhesion of S. wolfei and Desulfovibrio sp. strain G11 but seems to have less of an effect on the adhesion of the other bacteria. The presence of Fe(3+) on the substratum, which would be electropositive, significantly increased the adhesion of S. wolfei, whereas the presence of silicon hydrophobic groups decreased the numbers of attached cells of all species. Measurements of transport of cells through hydrophobic-interaction and electrostatic-interaction columns indicated that all four species had negatively charged cell surfaces and that D. tiedjei and Desulfovibrio sp. strain G11 possessed some hydrophobic cell surface properties. These findings are an early step toward understanding the dynamic attachment of anaerobic bacteria in anoxic environments.  (+info)

Caught in the middle: should the World Trade Organization settle environmental disputes? (8/630)

Since its inception in 1995, the World Trade Organization (WTO) has arbitrated trade disputes between its members in part by deciding whether unilateral actions by its 134 member nations such as trade bans or restrictions violate international free trade rules and authorizing penalties against members that are found to be noncompliant with such rules. The WTO is criticized by those who believe its emphasis on free trade undermines national environmental and public health protection efforts. Recent disputes over the importation of hormone-treated beef and genetically modified crops have focused attention on how the WTO arbitrates disputes having environmental and public health implications and sparked criticisms as to whether the organization is qualified to do so.  (+info)

Environmental pollution is the introduction or presence of harmful substances, energies, or objects in the environment that can cause adverse effects on living organisms and ecosystems. These pollutants can be in the form of chemical, physical, or biological agents that contaminate air, water, soil, or noise levels, exceeding safe limits established by environmental regulations.

Examples of environmental pollution include:

1. Air pollution: The presence of harmful substances such as particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the air that can cause respiratory and other health problems.
2. Water pollution: Contamination of water sources with chemicals, heavy metals, pathogens, or other pollutants that can harm aquatic life and make the water unsafe for human consumption or recreational use.
3. Soil pollution: The presence of harmful substances such as heavy metals, pesticides, and industrial waste in soil that can reduce soil fertility, contaminate crops, and pose a risk to human health.
4. Noise pollution: Excessive noise levels from transportation, industrial activities, or other sources that can cause stress, sleep disturbances, and hearing loss in humans and animals.
5. Light pollution: The excessive use of artificial light that can disrupt ecosystems, affect human circadian rhythms, and contribute to energy waste.

Environmental pollution is a significant global health issue that requires urgent attention and action from governments, industries, and individuals to reduce pollutant emissions, promote sustainable practices, and protect the environment for future generations.

Air pollution is defined as the contamination of air due to the presence of substances or harmful elements that exceed the acceptable limits. These pollutants can be in the form of solid particles, liquid droplets, gases, or a combination of these. They can be released from various sources, including industrial processes, vehicle emissions, burning of fossil fuels, and natural events like volcanic eruptions.

Exposure to air pollution can have significant impacts on human health, contributing to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular issues, and even premature death. It can also harm the environment, damaging crops, forests, and wildlife populations. Stringent regulations and measures are necessary to control and reduce air pollution levels, thereby protecting public health and the environment.

Heavy metals are a group of elements with a specific gravity at least five times greater than that of water. They include metals such as mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), thallium (Tl), and lead (Pb). These metals are considered toxic when they accumulate in the body beyond certain levels, interfering with various biological processes and causing damage to cells, tissues, and organs.

Heavy metal exposure can occur through various sources, including occupational exposure, contaminated food, water, or air, and improper disposal of electronic waste. Chronic exposure to heavy metals has been linked to several health issues, such as neurological disorders, kidney damage, developmental problems, and cancer. Monitoring and controlling exposure to these elements is essential for maintaining good health and preventing potential adverse effects.

Water pollution is defined medically as the contamination of water sources by harmful or sufficient amounts of foreign substances (pathogens, chemicals, toxic compounds, etc.) which tend to interfere with its normal functioning and can have negative effects on human health. Such pollutants can find their way into water bodies through various means including industrial waste disposal, agricultural runoff, oil spills, sewage and wastewater discharges, and accidental chemical releases, among others.

Exposure to polluted water can lead to a range of health issues, from minor problems like skin irritation or stomach upset, to severe conditions such as neurological disorders, reproductive issues, cancer, and even death in extreme cases. It also poses significant risks to aquatic life, disrupting ecosystems and leading to the decline or extinction of various species. Therefore, maintaining clean and safe water supplies is critical for both human health and environmental preservation.

Fluoride poisoning, also known as fluoride toxicity, is a condition that occurs when someone ingests too much fluoride. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, excessive saliva, and weakness. In severe cases, it can cause more serious problems, such as seizures, coma, or even death.

Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral that is often added to drinking water and toothpaste in order to help prevent tooth decay. However, consuming too much fluoride can be harmful. The amount of fluoride that is considered safe for human consumption depends on a number of factors, including age, weight, and overall health.

Fluoride poisoning is usually caused by accidental ingestion of large amounts of fluoride-containing products, such as toothpaste or mouthwash. It can also occur if someone drinks water that has been contaminated with high levels of fluoride. In some cases, fluoride poisoning may be the result of industrial accidents or intentional poisoning.

If you suspect that you or someone else has ingested too much fluoride, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Treatment for fluoride poisoning typically involves supportive care, such as administering fluids to help flush the fluoride out of the body. In severe cases, more invasive treatments may be necessary.

Environmental pollutants are defined as any substances or energy (such as noise, heat, or light) that are present in the environment and can cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damage the natural ecosystems. These pollutants can come from a variety of sources, including industrial processes, transportation, agriculture, and household activities. They can be in the form of gases, liquids, solids, or radioactive materials, and can contaminate air, water, and soil. Examples include heavy metals, pesticides, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), particulate matter, and greenhouse gases.

It is important to note that the impact of environmental pollutants on human health and the environment can be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) and it depends on the type, concentration, duration and frequency of exposure. Some common effects of environmental pollutants include respiratory problems, cancer, neurological disorders, reproductive issues, and developmental delays in children.

It is important to monitor, control and reduce the emissions of these pollutants through regulations, technology advancements, and sustainable practices to protect human health and the environment.

Air pollutants are substances or mixtures of substances present in the air that can have negative effects on human health, the environment, and climate. These pollutants can come from a variety of sources, including industrial processes, transportation, residential heating and cooking, agricultural activities, and natural events. Some common examples of air pollutants include particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Air pollutants can cause a range of health effects, from respiratory irritation and coughing to more serious conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, and cancer. They can also contribute to climate change by reacting with other chemicals in the atmosphere to form harmful ground-level ozone and by directly absorbing or scattering sunlight, which can affect temperature and precipitation patterns.

Air quality standards and regulations have been established to limit the amount of air pollutants that can be released into the environment, and efforts are ongoing to reduce emissions and improve air quality worldwide.

Environmental exposure refers to the contact of an individual with any chemical, physical, or biological agent in the environment that can cause a harmful effect on health. These exposures can occur through various pathways such as inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Examples of environmental exposures include air pollution, water contamination, occupational chemicals, and allergens. The duration and level of exposure, as well as the susceptibility of the individual, can all contribute to the risk of developing an adverse health effect.

Environmental monitoring is the systematic and ongoing surveillance, measurement, and assessment of environmental parameters, pollutants, or other stressors in order to evaluate potential impacts on human health, ecological systems, or compliance with regulatory standards. This process typically involves collecting and analyzing data from various sources, such as air, water, soil, and biota, and using this information to inform decisions related to public health, environmental protection, and resource management.

In medical terms, environmental monitoring may refer specifically to the assessment of environmental factors that can impact human health, such as air quality, water contamination, or exposure to hazardous substances. This type of monitoring is often conducted in occupational settings, where workers may be exposed to potential health hazards, as well as in community-based settings, where environmental factors may contribute to public health issues. The goal of environmental monitoring in a medical context is to identify and mitigate potential health risks associated with environmental exposures, and to promote healthy and safe environments for individuals and communities.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "industrial waste" is not a term that has a medical definition. Industrial waste is a term used to describe waste produced by industrial activities, such as manufacturing, mining, and construction. It can include a wide variety of materials, including chemicals, metals, soil, and water. Proper management and disposal of industrial waste are important for protecting the environment and public health. If you have any questions related to healthcare or medical terminology, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Industry" is a general term that refers to a specific branch of economic activity, or a particular way of producing goods or services. It is not a medical term with a defined meaning within the field of medicine.

However, if you are referring to the term "industrious," which can be used to describe someone who is diligent and hard-working, it could be applied in a medical context to describe a patient's level of engagement and effort in their own care. For example, a patient who is conscientious about taking their medications as prescribed, following through with recommended treatments, and making necessary lifestyle changes to manage their condition might be described as "industrious" by their healthcare provider.

Chemical water pollutants refer to harmful chemicals or substances that contaminate bodies of water, making them unsafe for human use and harmful to aquatic life. These pollutants can come from various sources, including industrial and agricultural runoff, sewage and wastewater, oil spills, and improper disposal of hazardous materials.

Examples of chemical water pollutants include heavy metals (such as lead, mercury, and cadmium), pesticides and herbicides, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and petroleum products. These chemicals can have toxic effects on aquatic organisms, disrupt ecosystems, and pose risks to human health through exposure or consumption.

Regulations and standards are in place to monitor and limit the levels of chemical pollutants in water sources, with the aim of protecting public health and the environment.

Environmental health is a branch of public health that focuses on the study of how environmental factors, including physical, chemical, and biological factors, impact human health and disease. It involves the assessment, control, and prevention of environmental hazards in order to protect and promote human health and well-being.

Environmental health encompasses a wide range of issues, such as air and water quality, food safety, waste management, housing conditions, occupational health and safety, radiation protection, and climate change. It also involves the promotion of healthy behaviors and the development of policies and regulations to protect public health from environmental hazards.

The goal of environmental health is to create safe and healthy environments that support human health and well-being, prevent disease and injury, and promote sustainable communities. This requires a multidisciplinary approach that involves collaboration between various stakeholders, including policymakers, researchers, healthcare providers, community organizations, and the public.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "soil pollutants" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Soil pollution refers to the presence or accumulation of hazardous substances, chemicals, or other pollutants in soil that can have negative effects on plant life, human health, and the environment.

However, if you're asking about potential health effects of exposure to soil pollutants, it could include a variety of symptoms or diseases, depending on the specific pollutant. For example, exposure to lead-contaminated soil can lead to developmental delays in children, while exposure to certain pesticides or industrial chemicals can cause neurological problems, respiratory issues, and even cancer.

If you have more specific information about a particular substance or context, I may be able to provide a more precise answer.

In the context of medicine, "lead" most commonly refers to lead exposure or lead poisoning. Lead is a heavy metal that can be harmful to the human body, even at low levels. It can enter the body through contaminated air, water, food, or soil, and it can also be absorbed through the skin.

Lead poisoning occurs when lead builds up in the body over time, causing damage to the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and kidneys. Symptoms of lead poisoning may include abdominal pain, constipation, fatigue, headache, irritability, memory problems, and in severe cases, seizures, coma, or even death.

Lead exposure is particularly dangerous for children, as their developing bodies are more sensitive to the harmful effects of lead. Even low levels of lead exposure can cause learning disabilities, behavioral problems, and developmental delays in children. Therefore, it's important to minimize lead exposure and seek medical attention if lead poisoning is suspected.

Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal that is a byproduct of the mining and smelting of zinc, lead, and copper. It has no taste or smell and can be found in small amounts in air, water, and soil. Cadmium can also be found in some foods, such as kidneys, liver, and shellfish.

Exposure to cadmium can cause a range of health effects, including kidney damage, lung disease, fragile bones, and cancer. Cadmium is classified as a known human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the National Toxicology Program (NTP).

Occupational exposure to cadmium can occur in industries that produce or use cadmium, such as battery manufacturing, metal plating, and pigment production. Workers in these industries may be exposed to cadmium through inhalation of cadmium-containing dusts or fumes, or through skin contact with cadmium-containing materials.

The general population can also be exposed to cadmium through the environment, such as by eating contaminated food or breathing secondhand smoke. Smoking is a major source of cadmium exposure for smokers and those exposed to secondhand smoke.

Prevention measures include reducing occupational exposure to cadmium, controlling emissions from industrial sources, and reducing the use of cadmium in consumer products. Regular monitoring of air, water, and soil for cadmium levels can also help identify potential sources of exposure and prevent health effects.

Environmental biodegradation is the breakdown of materials, especially man-made substances such as plastics and industrial chemicals, by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi in order to use them as a source of energy or nutrients. This process occurs naturally in the environment and helps to break down organic matter into simpler compounds that can be more easily absorbed and assimilated by living organisms.

Biodegradation in the environment is influenced by various factors, including the chemical composition of the substance being degraded, the environmental conditions (such as temperature, moisture, and pH), and the type and abundance of microorganisms present. Some substances are more easily biodegraded than others, and some may even be resistant to biodegradation altogether.

Biodegradation is an important process for maintaining the health and balance of ecosystems, as it helps to prevent the accumulation of harmful substances in the environment. However, some man-made substances, such as certain types of plastics and industrial chemicals, may persist in the environment for long periods of time due to their resistance to biodegradation, leading to negative impacts on wildlife and ecosystems.

In recent years, there has been increasing interest in developing biodegradable materials that can break down more easily in the environment as a way to reduce waste and minimize environmental harm. These efforts have led to the development of various biodegradable plastics, coatings, and other materials that are designed to degrade under specific environmental conditions.

Particulate Matter (PM) refers to the mixture of tiny particles and droplets in the air that are solid or liquid in nature. These particles vary in size, with some being visible to the naked eye while others can only be seen under a microscope. PM is classified based on its diameter:

* PM10 includes particles with a diameter of 10 micrometers or smaller. These particles are often found in dust, pollen, and smoke.
* PM2.5 includes particles with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or smaller. These fine particles are produced from sources such as power plants, industrial processes, and vehicle emissions. They can also come from natural sources like wildfires.

Exposure to particulate matter has been linked to various health problems, including respiratory issues, cardiovascular disease, and premature death. The smaller the particle, the deeper it can penetrate into the lungs, making PM2.5 particularly harmful to human health.

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a gaseous air pollutant and respiratory irritant. It is a reddish-brown toxic gas with a pungent, choking odor. NO2 is a major component of smog and is produced from the combustion of fossil fuels in vehicles, power plants, and industrial processes.

Exposure to nitrogen dioxide can cause respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing, especially in people with asthma or other respiratory conditions. Long-term exposure has been linked to the development of chronic lung diseases, including bronchitis and emphysema. NO2 also contributes to the formation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), which can penetrate deep into the lungs and cause additional health problems.

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is not a medical term per se, but it's an important chemical compound with implications in human health and medicine. Here's a brief definition:

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a colorless gas with a sharp, pungent odor. It is primarily released into the atmosphere as a result of human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels (like coal and oil) and the smelting of metals. SO2 is also produced naturally during volcanic eruptions and some biological processes.

In medical terms, exposure to high levels of sulfur dioxide can have adverse health effects, particularly for people with respiratory conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). SO2 can irritate the eyes, nose, throat, and lungs, causing coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. Prolonged exposure to elevated levels of SO2 may exacerbate existing respiratory issues and lead to decreased lung function.

Regulations are in place to limit sulfur dioxide emissions from industrial sources to protect public health and reduce air pollution.

Indoor air pollution refers to the contamination of air within buildings and structures due to presence of particles, gases, or biological materials that can harmfully affect the health of occupants. These pollutants can originate from various sources including cooking stoves, heating systems, building materials, furniture, tobacco products, outdoor air, and microbial growth. Some common indoor air pollutants include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and mold. Prolonged exposure to these pollutants can cause a range of health issues, from respiratory problems to cancer, depending on the type and level of exposure. Effective ventilation, air filtration, and source control are some of the strategies used to reduce indoor air pollution.

'Vehicle Emissions' is not a term typically used in medical definitions. However, in a broader context, it refers to the gases and particles released into the atmosphere by vehicles such as cars, trucks, buses, and airplanes. The main pollutants found in vehicle emissions include carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Exposure to these pollutants can have negative health effects, including respiratory symptoms, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Therefore, vehicle emissions are a significant public health concern.

Ozone (O3) is not a substance that is typically considered a component of health or medicine in the context of human body or physiology. It's actually a form of oxygen, but with three atoms instead of two, making it unstable and reactive. Ozone is naturally present in the Earth's atmosphere, where it forms a protective layer in the stratosphere that absorbs harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.

However, ozone can have both beneficial and detrimental effects on human health depending on its location and concentration. At ground level or in indoor environments, ozone is considered an air pollutant that can irritate the respiratory system and aggravate asthma symptoms when inhaled at high concentrations. It's important to note that ozone should not be confused with oxygen (O2), which is essential for human life and breathing.

Respiratory tract diseases refer to a broad range of medical conditions that affect the respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat (pharynx), windpipe (trachea), bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs. These diseases can be categorized into upper and lower respiratory tract infections based on the location of the infection.

Upper respiratory tract infections affect the nose, sinuses, pharynx, and larynx, and include conditions such as the common cold, flu, sinusitis, and laryngitis. Symptoms often include nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, and fever.

Lower respiratory tract infections affect the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs, and can be more severe. They include conditions such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and tuberculosis. Symptoms may include cough, chest congestion, shortness of breath, and fever.

Respiratory tract diseases can also be caused by allergies, irritants, or genetic factors. Treatment varies depending on the specific condition and severity but may include medications, breathing treatments, or surgery in severe cases.

Epidemiological monitoring is the systematic and ongoing collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health data pertaining to a specific population or community, with the aim of identifying and tracking patterns of disease or injury, understanding their causes, and informing public health interventions and policies. This process typically involves the use of surveillance systems, such as disease registries, to collect data on the incidence, prevalence, and distribution of health outcomes of interest, as well as potential risk factors and exposures. The information generated through epidemiological monitoring can help to identify trends and emerging health threats, inform resource allocation and program planning, and evaluate the impact of public health interventions.

Chemical water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater) with harmful chemicals or substances that negatively impact water quality and pose a threat to human health, aquatic life, and the environment. These chemical pollutants can come from various sources, including industrial and agricultural activities, waste disposal, oil spills, and chemical accidents. Examples of chemical pollutants include heavy metals (such as mercury, lead, and cadmium), pesticides, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and other hazardous substances. These chemicals can have toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, or teratogenic effects on living organisms and can disrupt ecosystems, leading to decreased biodiversity and impaired ecological functions.

I believe there may be a misunderstanding in your question. "Cities" is not a medical term or concept, but rather a geographical and sociopolitical one referring to large, densely populated urban areas. If you're looking for information about health-related topics associated with cities, I would be happy to help! For example, there are many public health issues that are closely linked to city living, such as air pollution, infectious diseases, and chronic conditions like obesity and heart disease. Please let me know if you have any specific questions in mind!

In the context of medical and health sciences, particle size generally refers to the diameter or dimension of particles, which can be in the form of solid particles, droplets, or aerosols. These particles may include airborne pollutants, pharmaceutical drugs, or medical devices such as nanoparticles used in drug delivery systems.

Particle size is an important factor to consider in various medical applications because it can affect the behavior and interactions of particles with biological systems. For example, smaller particle sizes can lead to greater absorption and distribution throughout the body, while larger particle sizes may be filtered out by the body's natural defense mechanisms. Therefore, understanding particle size and its implications is crucial for optimizing the safety and efficacy of medical treatments and interventions.

Environmental Pollution Series A: Ecological and Biological and Environmental Pollution Series B: Chemical and Physical. These ... Environmental Pollution is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the biological, health, and ecological effects of ... environmental pollution. It was established in 1980 as two parts: ... Environmental science journals, Academic journals established in 1980, Elsevier academic journals, English-language journals, ...
The history of environmental pollution traces human-dominated ecological systems from the earliest civilizations to the present ... In the mid-20th century, a gathering environmental movement pointed out that there were environmental costs associated with the ... A gathering environmental movement pointed out that there were environmental costs associated with the many material benefits ... Its Status and the Potential for the Introduction of Strategic Environmental Assessment". Journal of Environmental Assessment ...
First report of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (1971) 2nd report: Three issues in Industrial Pollution (1972) ... The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution in the United Kingdom was created under Royal Warrant in 1970 to advise the ... accessed 2011-03-17 Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution DEFRA site (Use dmy dates from April 2022, Wikipedia articles ... Agriculture and Pollution (1979) 8th report: Oil Pollution of the Sea (1981) 9th report: Lead in the Environment (1983) 10th ...
The Women's Society Against Environmental Pollution (WSAEP, Persian: جامعه زنان در برابر آلودگی محیط زیست) is a non- ... an expert on environmental law. Mallah's work began investigation pollution in Tehran in 1978, she then approached foreign ... Although WSAEP is a society which emphasises the role that women play in environmental issues, men can also be members. WSAEP ... The 1979 Revolution and the Iran-Iraq War halted environmental progress in Iran. However by 1993, Mallah and her husband had ...
The United States Environmental Protection Agency September 11 attacks pollution controversy was the result of a report ... United States Environmental Protection Agency, Aftermath of the September 11 attacks, Environmental controversies). ... Environmental impact of 911 attacks (Articles with short description, Short description with empty Wikidata description, ... Laurie Garrett (2003-08-23). "EPA Misled Public on 9/11 Pollution". Newsday. Archived from the original on 2006-11-20. "EPA ...
Air pollution, Climate change policy, Environmental organisations based in the United Kingdom, Environmental protection, ... The World Atlas was developed in conjunction with the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental ... The International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA) is an international ... was founded by the core of European members of the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection ...
"Pollution Trading and Environmental Justice: Los Angeles' Failed Experiment in Air Pollution Policy". Duke Environmental Law & ... European Environmental Agency. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2012. "Environmental Pollution". ... Pollution prevention seeks to prevent pollution such as air pollution and could include adjustments to industrial and business ... Kampa, Marilena; Castanas, Elias (1 January 2008). "Human health effects of air pollution". Environmental Pollution. ...
"End plastic pollution: Towards an international legally binding instrument*" (PDF). United Nations Environmental Programm. ... Marine plastic pollution (or plastic pollution in the ocean) is a type of marine pollution by plastics, ranging in size from ... Plastic pollution Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects and particles (e.g. plastic bottles, bags and ... Plastic pollution has also greatly negatively affected our environment. "The pollution is significant and widespread, with ...
In 2022, the most comprehensive study of pharmaceutical pollution of the world's rivers finds that it threatens "environmental ... Drug pollution is therefore mainly a form of water pollution. "Pharmaceutical pollution is now detected in waters throughout ... Drug pollution or pharmaceutical pollution is pollution of the environment with pharmaceutical drugs and their metabolites, ... Drug pollution is implicated in the sex effects of water pollution. It is a suspected a contributor (besides industrial ...
"Evidence of the environmental impact of noise pollution on biodiversity: a systematic map protocol". Environmental Evidence. 8 ... Acoustical engineering Aircraft noise pollution Buy Quiet Environmental hazard Environmental noise Health effects from noise ... Jefferson C. "Noise Pollution". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on 2016-06-22. Retrieved 2013- ... Noise pollution, or sound pollution, is the propagation of noise or sound with ranging impacts on the activity of human or ...
"Microplastic pollution in deep-sea sediments and organisms of the Western Pacific Ocean". Environmental Pollution. 259: 113948 ... Marine plastic pollution (or plastic pollution in the ocean) is a type of marine pollution by plastics, ranging in size from ... Even though freshwater pollution is the major contributor to marine plastic pollution there is little studies done and data ... Marine pollution caused by plastic substances is recognized as an issue of the highest magnitude, from a pollution perspective ...
"Environmental Liability". "Environmental Crime". "Waste Framework Directive". ... Environmental Pollution. 223: 286-294. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2017.01.025. PMID 28117186. Pham, Christopher K.; Ramirez-Llodra, ... Environmental Pollution. 236: 405-415. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.01.097. PMID 29414365. Cantasano, Nicola (2022). "Marine ... From Pollution to Solution: A global assessment of marine litter and plastic pollution. Nairobi. UNEP/MAP (2017). 2017 ...
Environment portal Oceans portal Aquatic toxicology Environmental impact of pesticides Mercury pollution in the ocean Oil ... Pathways of pollution include direct discharge, land runoff, ship pollution, bilge pollution, atmospheric pollution and, ... Marine plastic pollution (or plastic pollution in the ocean) is a type of marine pollution by plastics, ranging in size from ... Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. Point source pollution occurs when there is a single, ...
"Mechanisms of pollution induced community tolerance in a soil microbial community exposed to Cu". Environmental Pollution. 190 ... method to assess pollution-induced community tolerance to metals for lotic biofilms". Environmental Pollution. 159 (1): 18-24. ... Pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) is an approach to measuring the response of pollution-induced selective pressures ... In situ sampling devices are set up at increasing distances from the pollution source in the case of point source pollution. ...
... thermal pollution, visual pollution, and water pollution. Pollution has widespread consequences on human and environmental ... Major forms of pollution include air pollution, light pollution, litter, noise pollution, plastic pollution, soil contamination ... Although environmental pollution can be caused by natural events, the word pollution generally implies that the contaminants ... such as noise pollution or greenhouse gases. The United States Environmental Protection Administration defines pollution as " ...
Air quality index Environmental monitoring Brimblecombe, Peter (1987). The Big Smoke: A History of Air Pollution in London ... "Low-Cost Air Pollution Monitors and Indoor Air Quality". US Environmental Protection Agency. 2 May 2023. Retrieved 30 June 2023 ... Air pollution measurement is the process of collecting and measuring the components of air pollution, notably gases and ... Their data can also be used in a crowdsourced way, either alone or with other pollution data, to build up maps of pollution ...
"Testing pollution haven and pollution halo hypotheses for Turkey: a new perspective". Environmental Science and Pollution ... Air Pollution Report 2018 (Report). Chamber of Environmental Engineers. Hava Kirliliği Raporu 2019 [Air Pollution Report 2019 ... to protect the environmental health and to prevent environmental pollution." According to the Eleventh Development Plan (2019- ... Air pollution in Turkey is the most lethal of the nation's environmental issues, with almost everyone across the country ...
River pollution Mula River pollution Musi River Gomti River pollution Vrishabhavathi River pollution Alkali soil Environmental ... Water pollution is a major environmental issue in India. The largest source of water pollution in India is untreated sewage. ... "Central Pollution Control Board, India, Annual Report 2008-2009" (PDF). Central Pollution Control Board, Ministry of ... Much of this water is unsafe, because pollution degrades water quality. Water pollution severely limits the amount of water ...
"Visual Pollution - Albuquerque's Environmental Story". Friends of Albuquerque's Environmental Story. "Visual pollution". The ... As such, visual pollution is not considered a primary source of pollution but a secondary symptom of intersecting pollution ... Clutter (marketing) Eyesore Light pollution Noise pollution Cidade Limpa Futura-Sciences. "Visual pollution". Futura-Sciences. ... the history of the word pollution, and pollution's effect over time, reveals the fact that every form of pollution can be ...
Pollution is an environmental issue in Canada. It has posed health risks to the Canadian population and is an area of concern ... While overall pollution levels have dropped, it was found that oil sand pollution has increased by 20% since 2009. Tar sands ... Pollution is associated with numerous negative health effects in humans. Air pollution has been shown to negatively effect ... "Impacts of Air Pollution". Environment Canada. Retrieved 14 November 2012. Hughes, Martin. "Diseases Caused by Air Pollution". ...
... is one aspect of the broader topic of environmental issues in China. Various forms of pollution have ... Youtube video: China's Pollution Busters Terrible Pollution in China Environmental activist Wu Dengming documents. Youtube ... "Pollution in China." Spill in China Underlines Environmental Concerns 2 March 2013 The New York Times Videos "The Environmental ... "Environmental Pollution in China: Status and Trends". Review of Environmental Economics and Policy. 3 (2): 209. doi:10.1093/ ...
... water and environmental pollution. The Board was originally constituted as the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board for ... The Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) is a legal entity entrusted for control of pollution in the Indian State of ... Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. It was renamed the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board in 1985 after the ... Environmental issues in India "'Guidelines ignored in Lakshman's appointment to KSPCB top post'". The Hindu. 3 February 2016. ...
... "environmental pollution". Jung, YoungHwa (1999). The Conditions and Prevention's Policies of Environmental Pollutions in Korea ... In the case of industrial districts, air pollution seems to be quite serious because air pollution regulations or pollution ... The causes of environmental pollution, both in South and North Korea, can be found in population growth, urban concentration, ... they can cause water pollution and soil pollution.[page needed] South Korea defines 16 substances that cause soil pollution, ...
... is a serious environmental issue. Of the 30 most polluted cities in the world, 21 were in India in 2019 ... of the pollution is caused by industrial pollution, 27% by vehicles, 17% by crop burning and 5% by other sources. Air pollution ... "India's air pollution, health burden get NIEHS attention (Environmental Factor, September 2018)". National Institute of ... Ambient air pollution is linked to an increase in hospital visits, with a higher concentration of outdoor pollution ...
Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 20(11), 8263-73. doi:10.1007/s11356-013-1805-8 "Problems and ... Wohl, Ellen (29 September 2014), "River Pollution", Environmental Science, Oxford University Press, retrieved 21 February 2023 ... However, pollution had been an old and continuous process in the river by the time people were finally acknowledging it. ... "Pollution in holy river to be discussed in 'Ganga Manthan'". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 May 2015. "Existing and planned ...
Environmental economics List of environmental issues "Absolute Pollution Exclusions Aren't Always Absolute , Insurance ... "absolute pollution exclusion" and thus rarely cover pollution, although there may be limited pollution coverage. Pollution ... Environmental Pollution Insurance: A Fluid and Ever-changing Market Chemical & Engineering News: Latest News - China's ... Pollution insurance is a type of insurance that covers costs related to pollution. This can include the costs of brownfield ...
Water pollution is an environmental issue on the West Coast of New Zealand. Water resources and water pollution come under the ... there is no monitoring point source pollution has decreased and nonpoint source pollution has increased Water deterioration ... "Environmental determinants in the West Coast" (PDF). Joint report by the West Coast DHB and the CPH-West Coast. 2008. Retrieved ... Water pollution in New Zealand Environment of New Zealand Clean Up Our Waterways Horrox, J. (June 2008). "West Coast Surface ...
Geary, Savannah (2019). The Plastic Crisis Goes Public: Representations of Plastic Pollution in Environmental Media (Thesis). ... Official website (CS1: long volume value, Environmental organizations based in the United States, Environmental organizations ... Plastic Pollution and the Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices of Single-use Plastic (Thesis). Newport, RI: Salve ... "Society Role in the Reduction of Plastic Pollution". The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer ...
Federal pollution law is largely embodied in the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) and its associated schedules. The ... Because BC generally has lower levels of pollution than the standards set by the Environmental Protection Act, the CI/KCAC (" ... This figure excludes effects of indoor air pollution and environmental tobacco smoke exposure. On a national and regional scale ... Background pollution occurs in areas not directly affected by pollution sources. The Canadian Constitution does not clearly ...
The law is designed specifically to allow legal in suing companies for environmental pollution. Since 1972, Malaysia and ... The ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution was intended to prevent such pollution. However, as of 2006, Indonesia and ... Transboundary environmental issues, Singaporean legislation, Environmental policy of Singapore). ... The Transboundary Haze Pollution Act 2014 (THPA) is a statute of the Parliament of Singapore that criminalizes conduct which ...
This page provides information about Air Pollution Odor Diaries. ... Staying indoors if environmental odors are strong that day. * ... Journal of Environmental Management 2012;93:85-94.. Hadrich J, Wolf C. Citizen complaints and environmental regulation of ... Odors from environmental sources might also cause health symptoms, depending on individual and environmental factors. Those ... Journal of Environmental Quality. 2005; 34:129-38.. Steinheider B. Environmental odours and somatic complaints. International ...
SDG Target 3.9 , Mortality from environmental pollution. Data by country Also available:. *Data by WHO Region ...
MAXIMUM 150 WORDS: Remember: front load your paragraphs! This content should include a strong opening sentence describing the health topic in the Eastern Mediterranean (include key words "Eastern Mediterranean" and health topic name for search engine optimization). You should focus on the issue as it relates to the Region and the magnitude of problem in the region, as well as a brief mention of current situation/problem.. ...
The history of environmental pollution traces human-dominated ecological systems from the earliest civilizations to the present ... In the mid-20th century, a gathering environmental movement pointed out that there were environmental costs associated with the ... A gathering environmental movement pointed out that there were environmental costs associated with the many material benefits ... Its Status and the Potential for the Introduction of Strategic Environmental Assessment". Journal of Environmental Assessment ...
... water pollution, air pollution and climate change, as well as waste issues. Although pollution prevention is acknowledged, the ... This course explores a range of daunting environmental pollution issues that confront todays society, including persistent ... or EV3801 Environmental Analysis (Passed) or EV3802 Environmental Analysis (Passed) or SS3008 Global Soil Geography (Passed) ... Worksheet based on pollution monitoring. Assessment Type. Summative Weighting. 50 Assessment Weeks. 13 Feedback Weeks. 16 Look ...
Effects of Air Pollution and Other Environmental Exposures on Estimates of Severe Influenza Illness, Washington, USA Ranjani ... Effects of Air Pollution and Other Environmental Exposures on Estimates of Severe Influenza Illness, Washington, USA. ... With environmental covariates*. All influenza, %. 1.9 (0.5-3.3). 0.8 (−0.8 to 2.2). 2.0 (0.6-3.4). 4.8 (3.7-6.0). 0.7 (0.3-1.0) ... Without environmental covariates*. All influenza, %. 2.0 (0.6-3.4). 0.8 (−0.8 to 2.3). 2.0 (0.6-3.4). 4.8 (3.7-6.0). 0.8 (0.3- ...
Our mission is to inform, educate, enable and create a platform for global environmental action. ... Light Pollution Can Disorient Monarch Butterflies Details University of Cincinnati 20 May 2022 ... Top Stories , ENN Original , Climate , Energy , Ecosystems , Pollution , Wildlife , Policy , Sci/Tech , Health , Press Releases ... Biologists at the University of Cincinnati say nighttime light pollution can interfere with the remarkable navigational ...
A coalition of environmental groups claims the EPA has failed for decades to update limits on the discharge of some dangerous ... Environmental Groups Sue EPA Over Water Pollution Standards A coalition of environmental groups claims the EPA has failed for ... More than a dozen environmental groups are suing the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for not revising its water pollution- ... "Environmental groups sue EPA over water pollution standards" was first published by The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan ...
Since 2000 more than 50 ozone-depletion and greenhouse gases have been continuously measured at Jungfraujoch within the Swiss national HALCLIM project under the management of Empa and FOEN (Swiss Federal Office for the Environment). Since 2018 in the CLIMGAS-CH project, commonly managed by Empa and FOEN, all non-CO2 greenhouse gases (halocarbons, methane, nitrous oxide) are analyses and their regional emissions are estimated. This activity is also contributing the AGAGE network with the common measurement technique of GCMS (gas chromatograph - mass spectrometer).. CLIMGAS-CH (2018-2026) / HALCLIM (2000-2018). ...
The burning of sugarcane fields prior to harvest for ethanol production can create air pollution that detracts from the ... Satellites are currently used to measure air pollution in Brazil, but the study shows actual pollution caused by sugarcane ... Air Pollution Results from Sugarcane Ethanol Production. *Dec 16, 2011. The burning of sugarcane fields prior to harvest for ... "Our study shows that importing biofuels could result in human health and environmental problems in the regions where they are ...
Now, as an environmental engineer and epidemiologist at Columbia University, she studies the effects of air pollution and ... or stricter environmental standards for air pollution. What success in my research looks like is changes made in cities and ... Traditionally, environmental health scientists have focused on the effects of one exposure at a time. However, in daily life, ... "Adapting PCP to environmental health applications was not straightforward, as our data tend to be very noisy and messy," ...
... Published by MAC on 2007-04-24 Indoneisan Mine Pollution ... Why should local communities bear the brunt of environmental pollution and loss of livelihoods while a multinational mining ... JAKARTA (INDONESIA) 24 April 2007 -- Friends of the Earth International, the worlds largest grassroots environmental network, ... Newmont is notorious for environmental malpractice at many of its operations around the world. ...
The Environmental Protection Agency is delaying plans to tighten air quality standards for ground-level ozone - better known as ... Pollution obscures the skyline of downtown as the sun rises over Denver in 2019. The Environmental Protection Agency is ... The White House environmental justice council, meanwhile, cited the "horrible toll of air pollution and its disproportionate ... Environmental Protection Agency delays new ozone pollution standards until after the 2024 election ...
... guidance lays out how the federal government considers cumulative impacts in communities of color when enforcing environmental ... EPA eyes cumulative pollution to boost environmental justice. By Kelsey Brugger , 01/11/2023 04:15 PM EST ... It details a wide range of authorities that can be deployed to address multiple sources of pollution and other factors ... Still, the policy stresses EPA can lay the groundwork for future actions in environmental justice communities - and that it " ...
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Edmund Hughes tells the shipping industry that environmental regulations are a different animal when compared with most other ... IMOs pollution chief says environmental barriers will trump trade. IMO official is confident the sector is well prepared for ... Edmund Hughes tells the shipping industry that environmental regulations are a different animal when compared with most other ...
South Carolina Ports Authority: Covering Up Environmental Pollution?. What else are they lying about? ... Frontier has denied being the source of the nurdle pollution in South Carolina - claiming it has been unfairly targeted. ...
... how they are transferred within and between various media and how they interact with biota to constitute an environmental risk. ... will introduce the main environmental pollutants and consider ... Pollution in the environment is one of major threats facing ... Environmental Pollution and Management. In geography-and-planning *Catchment Processes, Environmental Change and Restoration ... We will also consider how the extent of pollution can be assessed within different environmental media. These key concepts will ...
... leaders from environmental justice communities harmed by plastic pollution in New York and Louisiana wil... ... Leaders from environmental justice communities harmed by plastic pollution in New York and Louisiana will share their ... BACKGROUND BRIEFING: Why Plastic Pollution Is an Environmental Justice Issue. During Black History Month, Panel Will Highlight ... leaders from environmental justice communities harmed by plastic pollution in New York and Louisiana will share their ...
I. Pollution of soil, water, the atmosphere, plants and fodder] ... Current health problems related to environmental pollution. I. ... Pollution of soil, water, the atmosphere, plants and fodder] Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 1981;32(5-6):393-405. ... Current health problems related to environmental pollution. ...
Environmental group Ecojustice highlighted the Ontario governments Sarnia Area Environmental Health Projects findings, ... Environmental groups celebrate federal court ruling on the Bradford Bypass. *Supreme Court of Canadas carbon tax decision ... The health risks associated with this pollution are stark. The report pointed to elevated levels of benzene, a highly toxic air ... These include implementing pollution control improvements, flare minimization plans, and better communication with the ...
Key to Effective Controlling of Pollution by Environmental Regimes? - Politics - Term Paper 2015 - ebook 12.99 € - GRIN ... Key to Effective Controlling of Pollution by Environmental Regimes?. College. University of Bamberg Grade. 2,0. Author. Felix ... 3. International environmental regimes to control oil pollution: OILPOL and MARPOL Which regime was successful and more ... Key to Effective Controlling of Pollution by Environmental Regimes? Term Paper, 2015. 15 Pages, Grade: 2,0. ...
... which emit as much climate pollution as the entire German economy annually - to limit harmful emissions from domestic flights. ... Environmental Defense Fund is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue ... "If theres a bright spot, its that while the requirements to reduce climate pollution ultimately did not make it into the bill ... Copyright © 2024 Environmental Defense Fund. All Rights Reserved. Privacy statement. Terms of Use. ...
Air pollution control solutions for chemical industry - Chemical & Pharmaceuticals - Fine Chemicals by Nacah Tech LLC. Air ... About Environmental XPRT. Environmental XPRT is a global environmental industry marketplace and information resource. Online ... Air pollution control solutions for chemical industry - Chemical & Pharmaceuticals - Fine Chemicals Share Share with Facebook ... Environmental XPRT is part of XPRT Media All Rights Reserved. Terms Privacy ...
An October 2018 report from the Environmental Integrity Project and Earthjustice, "Water Pollution from Slaughterhouses," ... EPA announced that it would not revise the federal water pollution standards for slaughterhouses that discharge pollution ... Environmental Integrity Podcast. MEDIA CONTACT:. Tom Pelton. Director of Communications. (202) 888-2703. tpelton@ ... 2024 Environmental Integrity Project. All Rights Reserved.. Site Designed by DC Web Designers, a Washington DC web design ...
... TOPICS:EconomicsOhio State UniversityPolitics ... Be the first to comment on "Exporting Pollution: Strict Environmental Laws "Push" Firms to Pollute Elsewhere". ... "Environmental regulations in each country do work to somewhat reduce global emissions of carbon dioxide, but they also have ... "If you make it more difficult to pollute in a companys home country, firms will move some of that pollution activity to ...
Environmental, Food & Beverage, General, Manufacturing, Marine, Materials Handling, Mining, Paper & Wood, Petrochemical, Oil & ...
With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. ...
... giving practical advice to farmers and others on minimising pollution. ... are intended to prevent environmental pollution by silage effluent. While the Regulations set minimum standards for the ... If any pollution is found, immediate action should be taken to remedy the situation. SEPA should also be notified. ... 6. Dont neglect maintenance and inspection of silos, as pollution does not have to occur for a Notice to be served by SEPA. ...
  • New guidance lays out how the federal government considers cumulative impacts in communities of color when enforcing environmental statutes. (
  • EPA issued new guidance for addressing cumulative pollution impacts on low-income and minority communities across the country. (
  • The "cumulative impacts addendum" builds on a policy from May that helps dictate how the federal government considers pollution and climate change in communities of color when enforcing environmental statutes ( Greenwire , May 26, 2022). (
  • ALBANY, NY (02/14/2024) (readMedia)-- As the Packaging Reduction and Recycling Infrastructure Act ( A5322B Glick / S4246B Harckham ) gains momentum in the New York state legislature, leaders from environmental justice communities harmed by plastic pollution in New York and Louisiana will share their experiences and discuss the negative impacts of plastic production, use, and disposal. (
  • Leaders from environmental justice communities harmed by plastic pollution in New York and Louisiana will share their experiences and discuss the negative impacts of plastic production, use, and disposal. (
  • The local Aamjiwnaang First Nation community near these facilities has suffered significant health impacts from persistent pollution. (
  • NIEHS research uses state-of-the-art science and technology to investigate the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. (
  • In contrast, infectious diseases and environmental/occupational exposures reflected much higher proportions of early phase research. (
  • These key concepts will be considered in relation to current environmental issues including air, water, soil pollution and chemical use and oil spills. (
  • For more than 50 years, we have been building innovative solutions to the biggest environmental challenges - from soil to space. (
  • Copyright © 2024 Environmental Defense Fund. (
  • Odors from environmental sources might also cause health symptoms, depending on individual and environmental factors. (
  • ATSDR's Get Involved to Reduce Environmental Odors in Your Community Presentation Cdc-pdf [PDF - 967 KB] contains some helpful information about odor diaries, such as how they can help health departments develop health messages about environmental odors. (
  • Local environmental and health agencies can assess a community's response to odors using residents' odor diaries. (
  • Our study shows that importing biofuels could result in human health and environmental problems in the regions where they are cultivated. (
  • If you are giving a presentation about an environmental health topic or just looking for general information about environmental health research or the institute, this webpage will help. (
  • NIEHS is committed to conducting the most rigorous research in environmental health sciences, and to communicating the results of this research to the public. (
  • NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in environmental health sciences and administration. (
  • The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific knowledge of human health and the environment, and to the health and well-being of people everywhere. (
  • At the time, however, she could not find a suitable public health program in Greece, her home nation, so Kioumourtzoglou instead pursued a bachelor's degree in environmental engineering at the Democritus University of Thrace. (
  • It details a wide range of authorities that can be deployed to address multiple sources of pollution and other factors affecting public health. (
  • Current health problems related to environmental pollution. (
  • A recent report exposes the dire health risks posed by industrial pollution in Ontario's Chemical Valley, particularly affecting Indigenous Peoples and residents. (
  • Environmental group Ecojustice highlighted the Ontario government's Sarnia Area Environmental Health Project's findings, showing the severe threat that pollution poses to the health of those living near Sarnia, Ontario's petrochemical and refining facilities. (
  • The health risks associated with this pollution are stark. (
  • Recommendations from the Sarnia Area Environmental Health Project include reducing ambient benzene concentrations and minimizing exposure to SO2. (
  • Ecojustice underscored the urgent need for industry and government action to mitigate pollution levels that have consistently exceeded Ontario's health protection standards. (
  • Ecojustice, in partnership with the Aamjiwnaang First Nation, advocates for enforcing laws to curb industrial pollution and protect affected communities' health and way of life. (
  • International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. (
  • Journal of Environmental Health. (
  • Community members seeking information on the procedures or the content of the public health consultation should contact Environmental Health Scientist Lynn Wilder or Community Involvement Specialist PerStephanie Thompson, toll free, at 1-888-42-ATSDR (1-888-422-8737). (
  • Surveillance systems that enable real-time monitoring of the environmental health impact during a major industrial incident are needed to provide timely information to adequately respond to a disaster in the future. (
  • Reported by: Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Br, Div of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, CDC. (
  • You can use this Info by Location tool to get a snapshot of some of the environmental health issues for your area. (
  • Air pollution is a leading environmental threat to human health. (
  • Under the Clean Water Act - the 1972 law designed to reduce pollution in America's waterways - at least once every five years the EPA is required to evaluate and revise pollution limits for different types of industries based on the "best available technology economically achievable … which will result in reasonable further progress toward the national goal of eliminating the discharge of all pollutants. (
  • This module will introduce the main environmental pollutants and consider how they are transferred within and between various media and how they interact with biota to constitute an environmental risk. (
  • We will use the source pathway receptor model to explore how the form and transport of pollutants contributes to their importance in an environmental context. (
  • Chemical Valley, notorious for emitting millions of kilograms of toxic air pollutants annually, has been identified as one of Canada's worst pollution hotspots. (
  • Particles in the air like dust, dirt, soot, and smoke are one kind of air pollution called particulate matter. (
  • Environmental advocates say the lack of strong regulations harms low-income communities and communities of color, which bear a disproportionate burden of industrial pollution. (
  • Firms strategically locate production in countries with lax regulations, leading to increased pollution. (
  • Multinational companies headquartered in countries with tougher environmental policies tend to locate their polluting factories in countries with more lax regulations, a new study finds. (
  • Firms decide strategically where to locate their production based on existing environmental policies, with the result being that they pollute more in countries with lenient regulations," Ben David said. (
  • The results of the new study don't mean that tougher environmental regulations have no effect at all on global emissions, Ben-David said. (
  • For example, an increase in the environmental policy score from China (2.1, suggesting weak regulations) to Germany (5.5, stronger regulations) is associated with 44% lower global emissions. (
  • Environmental regulations in each country do work to somewhat reduce global emissions of carbon dioxide, but they also have this negative side effect of pushing pollution to other countries," Ben-David said. (
  • **1. Comply with the Control of Pollution (Silage, Slurry and Agricultural Fuel Oil) (Scotland) Regulations 2003. (
  • This course explores a range of daunting environmental pollution issues that confront today's society, including persistent substances, water pollution, air pollution and climate change, as well as waste issues. (
  • Ethanol is seen as an alternative to fossil fuels, which emit greenhouse gasses when used and are a major contributor to air pollution and climate change. (
  • Today, the U.S. Senate reached a deal on a stimulus package that includes $50 billion in loans and grants to airlines, but leaves out language that would have required airlines - which emit as much climate pollution as the entire German economy annually - to limit harmful emissions from domestic flights. (
  • But Congress must ensure that federal assistance to companies does not make the climate crisis worse for our children by increasing pollution. (
  • If there's a bright spot, it's that while the requirements to reduce climate pollution ultimately did not make it into the bill, they were a top priority of leading Members of Congress. (
  • Silage effluent is the most common cause of agricultural pollution in Scotland as reported by SAPG. (
  • In a continuation of her work to bring environmental justice to Peekskill, Courtney founded Westchester Alliance for Sustainable Solutions (WASS) in 2021 to shut down the Wheelabrator trash incinerator. (
  • Oil refineries, chemical and plastic plants, and other industrial facilities "dump billions of gallons of wastewater that contain nitrogen that fuels algae blooms and dead zones and toxins that are harmful to both humans and aquatic life like benzene and selenium," said Jen Duggan, deputy director for the Environmental Integrity Project , one of the groups that's suing the agency. (
  • New technologies that can reduce pollution include denitrification technology , which removes nitrogen from wastewater. (
  • She said the technology should be required at Texas refineries and other large producers of nitrogen pollution, which in many cases are operating under rules she called "ancient. (
  • Earthjustice attorney Alexis Andiman said: "Slaughterhouses are leading sources of nitrogen and phosphorus pollution, and their pollution disproportionately harms under-resourced communities, low-income communities, and communities of color. (
  • This is despite the fact that EPA identified slaughterhouses as the largest industrial source of nitrogen water pollution without updated standards. (
  • An October 2018 report from the Environmental Integrity Project and Earthjustice, " Water Pollution from Slaughterhouses ," reviewed the records of 98 meat and poultry processing plants across the U.S. and found that the median facility released an average of 331 pounds of total nitrogen per day into local rivers and streams, about as much as the amount contained in in raw sewage from a town of 14,000 people. (
  • A lawsuit filed by a group of environmental groups says the Environmental Protection Agency has failed to update its standards that control how much pollution industry can discharge into waterways. (
  • A coalition of environmental groups claims the EPA has failed for decades to update limits on the discharge of some dangerous chemicals into waterways. (
  • Along with its announcement, EPA reported that 74 percent of slaughterhouses that discharge pollution directly into rivers and streams are within one mile of under-resourced communities, low-income communities, or communities of color. (
  • During the Trump Administration, on October 24, 2019, EPA announced that it would not revise the federal water pollution standards for slaughterhouses that discharge pollution directly into waterways, and it would not create standards for slaughterhouses that send their pollution to sewage plants before discharging into rivers or streams. (
  • If any signs of pollution become evident, immediate action should be taken to stop any discharge and SEPA should be contacted immediately. (
  • The lawsuit aims to force industrial plants to install more modern controls to reduce the volume and toxicity of the pollution being discharged into waterways. (
  • Among the groups suing the EPA is the San Antonio Bay Estuarine Waterkeeper , an environmental advocacy organization headed by Diane Wilson, a fourth-generation retired shrimper and longtime environmental activist who reached a $50 million settlement with Formosa Plastics Corp. in 2019 after she sued the company for discharging plastic waste into Lavaca Bay and nearby waterways. (
  • We now expect EPA to let us know when they plan to propose updated standards to protect our waterways and communities, since the current limits are allowing an excessive amount of pollution. (
  • Although pollution prevention is acknowledged, the course explores our approaches to monitoring and management of existing environmental pollution problems. (
  • Still, the policy stresses EPA can lay the groundwork for future actions in environmental justice communities - and that it "has a key role in meeting those challenges. (
  • As a resident of Louisiana's Cancer Alley, Jo champions environmental justice causes and is actively developing strategies to transform land slated for use by pollutant-causing industries into green spaces where communities like hers can thrive. (
  • Courtney has been fighting to ensure environmental justice for her community of Peekskill, NY since 2013 when the "Algonquin" pipeline was expanded under Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant and passed her home and children's school. (
  • The lawsuit, which asks the federal government to direct the EPA to review its decision to not revise pollution limits earlier this year, was filed Tuesday in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit in San Francisco. (
  • In December 2019, the Environmental Integrity Project and Earthjustice filed a federal lawsuit against EPA on behalf of Cape Fear River Watch, Rural Empowerment Association for Community Help, Waterkeepers Chesapeake, Animal Legal Defense Fund, Center for Biological Diversity, Environment America, Food & Water Watch, The Humane Society of the United States, and Waterkeeper Alliance. (
  • Results of search for 'su:{Environmental pollution. (
  • We analyzed data using Cox proportional hazards models with adjustment for individual and area-level sociodemographic variables and air pollution (PM2.5 and NO2). (
  • Chronic laryngitis may be caused by environmental factors such as inhalation of cigarette smoke or polluted air (eg, gaseous chemicals), irritation from asthma inhalers, vocal misuse (eg, prolonged vocal use at abnormal loudness or pitch), or gastrointestinal esophageal reflux. (
  • JAKARTA (INDONESIA) 24 April 2007 -- Friends of the Earth International, the world's largest grassroots environmental network, is extremely disappointed by today's verdict on a mining pollution case in North Sulawesi in Indonesia which shamefully ignored compelling evidence. (
  • According to Friends of the Earth International, the judgment delivered today in Manado shamefully ignored compelling evidence presented by the government-convened Joint Investigative Team which condemned the company's operations in 2004, finding that mine waste had caused extensive environmental damage. (
  • Pollution in the environment is one of major threats facing society whether in the form of gases (e.g. air pollution), dissolved substances (e.g. mine drainage and water), liquids (e.g. oils) or particles (e.g. airborne particles). (
  • As part of ongoing environmental data evaluation, ATSDR evaluated air-sampling data collected by Solutia and by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (
  • The course also benefits from the input of guest speakers who provide access to the reality of various roles in tackling the environmental issues and important contact with practitioners. (
  • The broad scope of this course will enable you to grasp the contemporary environmental issues. (
  • Environmental groups sue EPA over water pollution standards " was first published by The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan media organization that informs Texans - and engages with them - about public policy, politics, government and statewide issues. (
  • Yes, add me to the EBI newsletter so I can receive up to date information on environmental issues and upcoming summits. (
  • Environmental issues / edited by Martin W. Holdgate and Gilbert F. White. (
  • More than a dozen environmental groups are suing the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for not revising its water pollution-control standards , which regulate the amount of harmful chemicals that can be dumped into rivers, lakes and streams. (
  • Washington, D.C. - In a victory for clean water, EPA announced yesterday that it will update water pollution control standards for the slaughterhouse industry following a December 2019 lawsuit from community and conservation organizations. (
  • The federal Clean Water Act requires EPA to set industry-wide water pollution standards for slaughterhouses and other industries and to review those standards each year to decide whether updates are appropriate to keep pace with advances in pollution-control technology. (
  • Pollution standards for these industries were last updated 30, sometimes nearly 40 years ago, according to a letter sent by the organizations to EPA Administrator Michael Regan. (
  • Not surprisingly, firms in the most polluting industries were the ones most likely to respond to strict policies in their home countries by locating their pollution activities elsewhere. (
  • This underscores the importance of collaboration between countries is crucial for maximizing the impact of environmental policies. (
  • Findings suggest that stringent policies are still associated with a partial, but positive, impact on reducing overall global pollution. (
  • Countries need to collaborate if they really want environmental policies to have the strongest impact. (
  • Along the way, Kioumourtzoglou received an Environmental Protection Agency Star Fellowship, as well as NIEHS support through multiple Institutional Research Training Grants . (
  • In the late 20th century, environmental problems became global in scale. (
  • Environmental Defense Fund (, a leading international nonprofit organization, creates transformational solutions to the most serious environmental problems. (
  • Environmental XPRT is a global environmental industry marketplace and information resource. (
  • EBI Report 1018: Air Quality Services & Air Pollution Control Equipment is Environmental Business International's analysis of the competitive air pollution control industry for consulting engineers and equipment providers. (
  • The air pollution control (APC) equipment segment of the environmental industry is. (
  • Industrial pollution in Japan / edited by Jun Ui. (
  • Meena Raman, the Friends of the Earth International chair, said: 'Why should local communities bear the brunt of environmental pollution and loss of livelihoods while a multinational mining company walks away with the proceeds of the public's natural resources? (
  • Reference: "Exporting Pollution: Where Do Multinational Firms Emit CO2? (
  • 42 violations were for discharging unpermitted cyanide pollution into the Brazos River, the report says. (
  • This report focuses on stationary source Air Pollution Control (APC) systems though it presents some estimates of the market for mobile APC systems, equipment and instruments. (
  • Satellites are currently used to measure air pollution in Brazil, but the study shows actual pollution caused by sugarcane field burning could be four times greater than satellite estimates. (
  • However, agriculture practices in some regions result in biofuels that lead to even more intense air pollution than petroleum. (
  • This provides direct evidence of the effect of environmental policies and each firm's actual carbon dioxide emissions at the country level. (
  • Code of good practice, giving practical advice to farmers and others on minimising pollution. (
  • We found that the results were primarily driven by the environmental policies in the home country, rather than by opportunities to pollute elsewhere," he said. (
  • The practical classes, that further emphasise the monitoring, will expose you to different assessment approaches and demonstrate how scientific data help us to understand the human causes and consequences of environmental pollution. (
  • National Environmental Technology Applications Corp. (
  • Frontier has denied being the source of the nurdle pollution in South Carolina - claiming it has been unfairly targeted. (
  • Journal of Environmental Management 2012;93:85-94. (
  • Ecojustice said it will continue to use the rule of law to champion a future where Canadian communities are protected from the dangers of hazardous pollution. (
  • The history of environmental pollution traces human-dominated ecological systems from the earliest civilizations to the present day. (
  • We applaud EPA for recognizing that it's time to update the outdated standards governing pollution from slaughterhouses. (
  • The lawsuit challenged EPA's prior refusal to modernize pollution standards for slaughterhouses, in light of evidence demonstrating that revision is necessary. (
  • These include implementing pollution control improvements, flare minimization plans, and better communication with the community during flaring events. (