Phalaris: A plant genus of the family POACEAE.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.IcelandMemory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.NorwayRegistries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Foramen Ovale, Patent: A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.WashingtonPilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Philosophy, MedicalUnited StatesSpeech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Groundwater: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.Natural Springs: Water that emerges to the surface of the earth from underground.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Wolfram Syndrome: A hereditary condition characterized by multiple symptoms including those of DIABETES INSIPIDUS; DIABETES MELLITUS; OPTIC ATROPHY; and DEAFNESS. This syndrome is also known as DIDMOAD (first letter of each word) and is usually associated with VASOPRESSIN deficiency. It is caused by mutations in gene WFS1 encoding wolframin, a 100-kDa transmembrane protein.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Eicosapentaenoic Acid: Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Particulate Matter: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.Health Impact Assessment: Combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.Human Activities: Activities performed by humans.Diagnostic Techniques, Radioisotope: Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Health Physics: The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Lot Quality Assurance Sampling: A sampling methodology using small sample sizes when conducting surveys in small geographical or population-based areas or lots.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Seals, Earless: The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.

Methodological issues in biomonitoring of low level exposure to benzene. (1/5557)

Data from a pilot study on unmetabolized benzene and trans,trans muconic acid (t,t-MA) excretion in filling station attendants and unexposed controls were used to afford methodological issues in the biomonitoring of low benzene exposures (around 0.1 ppm). Urinary concentrations of benzene and t,t-MA were measured by dynamic head-space capillary GC/FID and HPLC, respectively. The accuracy of the HPLC determination of t,t-MA was assessed in terms of inter- and intra-method reliability. The adequacy of urinary t,t-MA and benzene as biological markers of low benzene exposure was evaluated by analysing the relationship between personal exposure to benzene and biomarker excretion. Filling station attendants excreted significantly higher amounts of benzene, but not of t,t-MA, than controls. Adjusting for occupational benzene exposure, smokers excreted significantly higher amounts of t,t-MA, but not of unmetabolized benzene, than nonsmokers. A comparative analysis of the present and previously published biomonitoring surveys showed a good inter-study agreement regarding the amount of t,t-MA and unmetabolized benzene excreted (about 0.1-0.2 mg/l and 1-2 micrograms/l, respectively) per unit of exposure (0.1 ppm). For each biomarker, based on the distribution of parameters observed in the pilot study, we calculated the minimum sample size required to estimate the population mean with given confidence and precision.  (+info)

Personal exposure to dust, endotoxin and crystalline silica in California agriculture. (2/5557)

AIMS: The aim of this study was to measure personal exposure to dust, endotoxin and crystalline silica during various agricultural operations in California over a period of one year. METHODS: Ten farms were randomly selected in Yolo and Solano counties and workers were invited to wear personal sampling equipment to measure inhalable and respirable dust levels during various operations. The samples were analysed for endotoxin using the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate assay and crystalline silica content using X-ray diffraction. In total 142 inhalable samples and 144 respirable samples were collected. RESULTS: The measurements showed considerable difference in exposure levels between various operations, in particular for the inhalable fraction of the dust and the endotoxin. Machine harvesting of tree crops (Geometric mean (GM) = 45.1 mg/m3) and vegetables (GM = 7.9 mg/m3), and cleaning of poultry houses (GM = 6.7 mg/m3) showed the highest inhalable dust levels. Cleaning of poultry houses also showed the highest inhalable endotoxin levels (GM = 1861 EU/m3). Respirable dust levels were generally low, except for machine harvesting of tree crops (GM = 2.8 mg/m3) and vegetables (GM = 0.9 mg/m3). Respirable endotoxin levels were also low. For the inhalable dust fraction, levels were reduced considerably when an enclosed cabin was present. The percentage of crystalline silica was overall higher in the respirable dust samples than the inhalable dust samples. CONCLUSIONS: Considerable differences exist in personal exposure levels to dust, endotoxin and crystalline silica during various agricultural operations in California agriculture with some operations showing very high levels.  (+info)

Hierarchical cluster analysis applied to workers' exposures in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. (3/5557)

The objectives of this study were to explore the application of cluster analysis to the characterization of multiple exposures in industrial hygiene practice and to compare exposure groupings based on the result from cluster analysis with that based on non-measurement-based approaches commonly used in epidemiology. Cluster analysis was performed for 37 workers simultaneously exposed to three agents (endotoxin, phenolic compounds and formaldehyde) in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. Different clustering algorithms, including complete-linkage (or farthest-neighbor), single-linkage (or nearest-neighbor), group-average and model-based clustering approaches, were used to construct the tree structures from which clusters can be formed. Differences were observed between the exposure clusters constructed by these different clustering algorithms. When contrasting the exposure classification based on tree structures with that based on non-measurement-based information, the results indicate that the exposure clusters identified from the tree structures had little in common with the classification results from either the traditional exposure zone or the work group classification approach. In terms of the defining homogeneous exposure groups or from the standpoint of health risk, some toxicological normalization in the components of the exposure vector appears to be required in order to form meaningful exposure groupings from cluster analysis. Finally, it remains important to see if the lack of correspondence between exposure groups based on epidemiological classification and measurement data is a peculiarity of the data or a more general problem in multivariate exposure analysis.  (+info)

Indoor, outdoor, and regional summer and winter concentrations of PM10, PM2.5, SO4(2)-, H+, NH4+, NO3-, NH3, and nitrous acid in homes with and without kerosene space heaters. (4/5557)

Twenty-four-hour samples of PM10 (mass of particles with aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 microm), PM2.5, (mass of particles with aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm), particle strong acidity (H+), sulfate (SO42-), nitrate (NO3-), ammonia (NH3), nitrous acid (HONO), and sulfur dioxide were collected inside and outside of 281 homes during winter and summer periods. Measurements were also conducted during summer periods at a regional site. A total of 58 homes of nonsmokers were sampled during the summer periods and 223 homes were sampled during the winter periods. Seventy-four of the homes sampled during the winter reported the use of a kerosene heater. All homes sampled in the summer were located in southwest Virginia. All but 20 homes sampled in the winter were also located in southwest Virginia; the remainder of the homes were located in Connecticut. For homes without tobacco combustion, the regional air monitoring site (Vinton, VA) appeared to provide a reasonable estimate of concentrations of PM2.5 and SO42- during summer months outside and inside homes within the region, even when a substantial number of the homes used air conditioning. Average indoor/outdoor ratios for PM2.5 and SO42- during the summer period were 1.03 +/- 0.71 and 0.74 +/- 0.53, respectively. The indoor/outdoor mean ratio for sulfate suggests that on average approximately 75% of the fine aerosol indoors during the summer is associated with outdoor sources. Kerosene heater use during the winter months, in the absence of tobacco combustion, results in substantial increases in indoor concentrations of PM2.5, SO42-, and possibly H+, as compared to homes without kerosene heaters. During their use, we estimated that kerosene heaters added, on average, approximately 40 microg/m3 of PM2.5 and 15 microg/m3 of SO42- to background residential levels of 18 and 2 microg/m3, respectively. Results from using sulfuric acid-doped Teflon (E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co., Wilmington, DE) filters in homes with kerosene heaters suggest that acid particle concentrations may be substantially higher than those measured because of acid neutralization by ammonia. During the summer and winter periods indoor concentrations of ammonia are an order of magnitude higher indoors than outdoors and appear to result in lower indoor acid particle concentrations. Nitrous acid levels are higher indoors than outdoors during both winter and summer and are substantially higher in homes with unvented combustion sources.  (+info)

Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress. (5/5557)

Human exposure to genotoxic compounds present in ambient air has been studied using selected biomarkers in nonsmoking Danish bus drivers and postal workers. A large interindividual variation in biomarker levels was observed. Significantly higher levels of bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts (75.42 adducts/10(8) nucleotides) and of 2-amino-apidic semialdehyde (AAS) in plasma proteins (56.7 pmol/mg protein) were observed in bus drivers working in the central part of Copenhagen, Denmark. In contrast, significantly higher levels of AAS in hemoglobin (55.8 pmol/mg protein), malondialdehyde in plasma (0. 96 nmol/ml plasma), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-albumin adduct (3.38 fmol/ microg albumin) were observed in the suburban group. The biomarker levels in postal workers were similar to the levels in suburban bus drivers. In the combined group of bus drivers and postal workers, negative correlations were observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adduct and PAH-albumin levels (p = 0.005), and between DNA adduct and [gamma]-glutamyl semialdehyde (GGS) in hemoglobin (p = 0.11). Highly significant correlations were found between PAH-albumin adducts and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and GGS in hemoglobin (p = 0.001). Significant correlations were also observed between urinary 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.002). The influence of the glutatione S-transferase (GST) M1 deletion on the correlation between the biomarkers was studied in the combined group. A significant negative correlation was only observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.02) and between DNA adduct and urinary mutagenic activity (p = 0.02) in the GSTM1 null group, but not in the workers who were homozygotes or heterozygotes for GSTM1. Our results indicate that some of the selected biomarkers can be used to distinguish between high and low exposure to environmental genotoxins.  (+info)

Causes of nitrous oxide contamination in operating rooms. (6/5557)

BACKGROUND: To reduce the ambient concentration of waste anesthetic agents, exhaust gas scavenging systems are standard in almost all operating rooms. The incidence of contamination and the factors that may increase the concentrations of ambient anesthetic gases have not been evaluated fully during routine circumstances, however. METHODS: Concentrations of nitrous oxide (N2O) in ambient air were monitored automatically in 10 operating rooms in Kagoshima University Hospital from January to March 1997. Ambient air was sampled automatically from each operating room, and the concentrations of N2O were analyzed every 22 min by an infrared spectrophotometer. The output of the N2O analyzer was integrated electronically regarding time, and data were displayed on a monitor in the administrative office for anesthesia supervisors. A concentration of N2O > 50 parts per million was regarded as abnormally high and was displayed with an alarm signal. The cause of the high concentration of N2O was then sought. RESULTS: During the 3-month investigation, N2O was used in 402 cases. Abnormally high concentrations of N2O were detected at some time during 104 (25.9%) of those cases. The causes were mask ventilation (42 cases, 40.4% of detected cases), unconnected scavenging systems (20 cases, 19.2%), leak around uncuffed pediatric endotracheal tube (13 cases, 12.5%), equipment leakage (12 cases, 11.5%), and others (17 cases, 16.4%). CONCLUSIONS: N2O contamination was common during routine circumstances in our operating rooms. An unconnected scavenging system led to the highest concentrations of N2O recorded. Proper use of scavenging systems is necessary if contamination by anesthetic gas is to be limited.  (+info)

Animals as sentinels of human health hazards of environmental chemicals. (7/5557)

A workshop titled "Using Sentinel Species Data to Address the Potential Human Health Effects of Chemicals in the Environment," sponsored by the U.S. Army Center for Environmental Health Research, the National Center for Environmental Assessment of the EPA, and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, was held to consider the use of sentinel and surrogate animal species data for evaluating the potential human health effects of chemicals in the environment. The workshop took a broad view of the sentinel species concept, and included mammalian and nonmammalian species, companion animals, food animals, fish, amphibians, and other wildlife. Sentinel species data included observations of wild animals in field situations as well as experimental animal data. Workshop participants identified potential applications for sentinel species data derived from monitoring programs or serendipitous observations and explored the potential use of such information in human health hazard and risk assessments and for evaluating causes or mechanisms of effect. Although it is unlikely that sentinel species data will be used as the sole determinative factor in evaluating human health concerns, such data can be useful as for additional weight of evidence in a risk assessment, for providing early warning of situations requiring further study, or for monitoring the course of remedial activities. Attention was given to the factors impeding the application of sentinel species approaches and their acceptance in the scientific and regulatory communities. Workshop participants identified a number of critical research needs and opportunities for interagency collaboration that could help advance the use of sentinel species approaches.  (+info)

A risk assessment for exposure to grunerite asbestos (amosite) in an iron ore mine. (8/5557)

The potential for health risks to humans exposed to the asbestos minerals continues to be a public health concern. Although the production and use of the commercial amphibole asbestos minerals-grunerite (amosite) and riebeckite (crocidolite)-have been almost completely eliminated from world commerce, special opportunities for potentially significant exposures remain. Commercially viable deposits of grunerite asbestos are very rare, but it can occur as a gangue mineral in a limited part of a mine otherwise thought asbestos-free. This report describes such a situation, in which a very localized seam of grunerite asbestos was identified in an iron ore mine. The geological occurrence of the seam in the ore body is described, as well as the mineralogical character of the grunerite asbestos. The most relevant epidemiological studies of workers exposed to grunerite asbestos are used to gauge the hazards associated with the inhalation of this fibrous mineral. Both analytical transmission electron microscopy and phase-contrast optical microscopy were used to quantify the fibers present in the air during mining in the area with outcroppings of grunerite asbestos. Analytical transmission electron microscopy and continuous-scan x-ray diffraction were used to determine the type of asbestos fiber present. Knowing the level of the miner's exposures, we carried out a risk assessment by using a model developed for the Environmental Protection Agency.  (+info)

  • Visit King County environmental impacts of climate change page to find the latest trends regarding impacts to the people and environment around you. (kingcounty.gov)
  • Monitoring and exploration technologies are essential for the observation of both natural and anthropogenic processes and their impacts in the subsurface. (ufz.de)
  • Environmental monitoring technicians observe the environment and the impacts of human and industrial activities. (eco.ca)
  • Environmental monitoring technicians communicate valuable information to stakeholders to work toward mitigating negative environmental impacts. (eco.ca)
  • By selecting sites that range in level of anthropogenic stressors we hope to assess how community structure changes within increased impacts and to optimize protocols that can be used as a fast and inexpensive method for long-term monitoring. (ucf.edu)
  • They arrange various investigations, and all impacts from for example constructions in the coastal sea areas have to be monitored. (su.se)
  • A description of any existing and planned monitoring systems that are measuring, or will measure, environmental conditions or will provide project-specific data or information on the impacts of your exploration activities. (cornell.edu)
  • If you propose to conduct exploration activities within the protective zones of the FGBNMS, a description of your provisions for monitoring the impacts of an oil spill on the environmentally sensitive resources at the FGBNMS. (cornell.edu)
  • LA Sanitation monitors the impacts of treated wastewater on the water quality and general health of the Santa Monica Bay, Los Angeles Harbor, and Los Angeles River. (lacitysan.org)
  • The global trends of increasing awareness of environmental impacts from human endeavors and resource operations in remote locations are colliding in dredge activities. (seabird.com)
  • A methodology for monitoring the impacts predicted in environmental impact statements (EIS's) was developed using the EIS on phosphate development in southeastern Idaho as a case study. (usgs.gov)
  • One of the key gaps identified in this report is the need to further develop, optimize, and coordinate environmental monitoring to provide baseline and trend data that can be used to better understand and manage environmental change and impacts of resource development. (canada.ca)
  • Mochalov V.F., Markov A.V., Grigorieva O.V., Zhukov D.V., Brovkina O.V., Pimanov I.Y. (2016) Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring. (springer.com)
  • Following a request from the European Commission, EFSA assessed the annual post‐market environmental monitoring (PMEM) report for the 2016 growing season of the Cry1Ab‐expressing maize event MON 810 provided by Monsanto Europe S.A. Partial compliance with refuge requirements was reported in Spain, as observed in previous years. (europa.eu)
  • 2016 Global Environmental Monitoring Industry Report is a professional and in-depth research report on the world's major regional market conditions of the Environmental Monitoring industry, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia) and the main countries (United States, Germany, Japan and China). (bharatbook.com)
  • The report analyzes and presents an overview on 'Environmental Monitoring Technology Market Trends and Forecast 2016 - 2024' worldwide. (sbwire.com)
  • The project is hosted at the Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ and its start was an integral part of the PR activity Abenteuer Schmetterling, which included ZDF (public German television), BUND (an NGO) and UFZ. (ufz.de)
  • This course is aimed at personnel in production and quality functions who wish to increase their understanding of regulatory requirements and expectations for the environmental monitoring of pharmaceutical operations. (rsc.org)
  • The Agency is committed to implementing the performance approach in our regulatory monitoring programs. (epa.gov)
  • There are two areas of specialization for environmental monitoring technicians: regulatory and research. (eco.ca)
  • Regulatory monitors are responsible for monitoring the activities of the industry to ensure project terms and conditions are met, whereas research monitors assist technicians and technologists in monitoring factors of the environment, for example, wildlife counts, surveys, or sampling. (eco.ca)
  • Until the landfill is complete, you will monitor the activities and environmental impact of the project and report any issues to the appropriate person, whether it is the company, the regulatory agency, or the community. (eco.ca)
  • The E2MTDO E2 Environmental Sensor Module works with Tripp Lite LX Platform devices, including WEBCARDLX, WEBCARDLXS, PDU3XE-Series PDUs and PDU3E-Series PDUs. (cdwg.com)
  • Campbell Scientific, Inc.'s IRGASON CO 2 and H 2 O monitoring sensor has been granted U.S. Patent No. D680455. (eponline.com)
  • The IRGASON sensor is one of dozens of sensors designed and manufactured by Campbell Scientific, Inc. that has been developing instrumentation for environmental monitoring for nearly 40 years. (eponline.com)
  • consequently, Hanzehogeschool was involved in order to figure out how sensor technology can support environmental monitoring in Waddensea area. (upc.edu)
  • Environmental consultants Dr Hans Eikaas and Dr Jason Antenucci on the Marina Bay Reservoir in Singapore, right in the downtown area launching a gallium nitrate phytoplankton sensor for measuring algal types. (phys.org)
  • Monitoring this environment can be difficult from a sensor standpoint because although gradients are often very small, these changes can lead to large changes in biological communities. (seabird.com)
  • With these simulation tools we are able to evaluate the effects of sensor design decisions on the bottom-line performance of environmental retrievals. (aer.com)
  • The present study combined both approaches mentioned above to fabricate a miniature metal oxide nanowire array sensor and apply it to the environmental monitor responding to oxygen. (hindawi.com)
  • Monitoring the environment in real time and taking immediate action to contain risks, is both appealing and useful to city planners and local governments. (ericsson.com)
  • The word "monitoring" has different meanings, and it will be defined here as regular observations in a time series designed to give information about the environment so that past and existing states can be assessed and future trends predicted in any environmental features which may be important to man. (fao.org)
  • She added 'the need to monitor both the benefits and potential hazards of released GM crops to the environment is becoming ever more important with the dramatic increase in the range and scale of their commercial cultivation, especially in developing countries. (fao.org)
  • They also emphasized that monitoring the effects of GM crops on the environment is not only necessary but feasible even with limited resources when it is integrated with the deployment of these crops. (fao.org)
  • What can Environment Monitoring do for your business? (telstra.com.au)
  • Environment monitoring helps manage customers usage of resources, giving them visibility and control. (telstra.com.au)
  • What does Environment Monitoring cover? (telstra.com.au)
  • Why choose Environment Monitoring from Telstra? (telstra.com.au)
  • Telstra provides Environment Monitoring customers with more mobile coverage in more places than any other network in Australia. (telstra.com.au)
  • 3M Petrifilm Plates are easy to use and offer consistent, reproducible and rapid solutions to help assess and monitor general microbial risks in the plant environment, and are available for total count, Enterobacteriaceae , coliform , Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus aureus , and yeast and mold testing. (3m.com)
  • In 2012, a TC regional project, 'Supporting Quality Assurance for the Measurement and Monitoring of Radioactivity in the Environment' (RER/0/033), was initiated. (iaea.org)
  • It aimed to improve quality assurance for the measurement and monitoring of radioactivity in the environment, in accordance with ISO 17025, the international standard for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. (iaea.org)
  • The training course, organized by the Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, presented the recommended procedures and techniques for soil and vegetation sampling and their application for both routine and emergency environmental monitoring. (iaea.org)
  • Our MSc in Environmental Monitoring for Management is aimed at those wishing to pursue a career in the environment sector in the UK or internationally, or those already working in the sector seeking to enhance their skills and employability. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific knowledge of human health and the environment, and to the health and well-being of people everywhere. (nih.gov)
  • These sample points are part of the station's extensive environmental monitoring program designed to detect unusual levels of tritium in the environment and are tested on a monthly basis. (exeloncorp.com)
  • People around the world made a total of 254,459 visits to test water quality in local streams, rivers, lakes, and other water bodies during the World Water Monitoring Challenge in 2012, according to the program's Year in Review report from the Water Environment Federation and the International Water Association . (eponline.com)
  • There are processes in the environment which require a continuous monitoring of process-relevant parameters over space and time for an adequate modelling of these natural systems. (ufz.de)
  • The Department MET aims to develop and test application-oriented methods, technologies and strategies to observe and monitor the natural and anthropogenic environment and the processes of interaction between soil, water and air. (ufz.de)
  • University of Southampton researchers are pioneering a new way of measuring and monitoring the impact of industrial and agricultural development on the environment. (redorbit.com)
  • Financial indexes, like the FTSE 100 or Dow Jones, are used to monitor the health of an economy, and this project has led us to consider that palaeoecological records could provide the basis for a regional 'ecosystem service index', monitoring the health of a region's environment. (redorbit.com)
  • NEW DELHI: has rapped the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) over compliance of conditions mentioned in granted for projects, saying the mechanism for monitoring environmental norms is inadequate. (wn.com)
  • Environmental monitoring describes the processes and activities that need to take place to characterise and monitor the quality of the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental monitoring is used in the preparation of environmental impact assessments, as well as in many circumstances in which human activities carry a risk of harmful effects on the natural environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • All monitoring strategies and programmes have reasons and justifications which are often designed to establish the current status of an environment or to establish trends in environmental parameters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost all monitoring (except perhaps remote sensing) is in some part invasive of the environment under study and extensive and poorly planned monitoring carries a risk of damage to the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In ecological monitoring, the monitoring strategy and effort is directed at the plants and animals in the environment under review and is specific to each individual study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Albany, NY -- ( SBWIRE ) -- 12/06/2017 -- Environmental monitoring technology includes technological advancements that in turn ensure protection and development of the environment and aligned nature constituents. (sbwire.com)
  • Environmental monitoring is essential in order to protect the vulnerable environment of air, earth, water, and energy from the pressures of increasing world population and associated demands. (sbwire.com)
  • Development of nanotechnology-based environment monitoring products is expected to further bring novel market opportunities in the environmental monitoring technology sector. (sbwire.com)
  • As AEMERA continues to transform the way monitoring is conducted in Alberta , we are striving to also transform the way people access information about the environment. (newswire.ca)
  • The Alberta Environmental Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting Agency (AEMERA) is an arm's length provincial agency responsible for measuring, assessing and informing the public on the condition of Alberta's environment on key ambient air, water, land and biodiversity indicators including information necessary to understand cumulative effects. (newswire.ca)
  • Monitoring and reporting on the state of the regional environment is a core activity for the Council. (trc.govt.nz)
  • Environmental monitoring are regularly performed investigations to record the environmental status and changes in the environment. (su.se)
  • Environmental objectives, directives and conventions steer the work that aims at properly describe, supervise and follow up, changes in the natural environment. (su.se)
  • International monitoring of the marine environment is conducted over country boarders. (su.se)
  • The WHO - European Centre for Environment and Health is implementing a project to establish an environmental health (‎EH)‎ indicator system. (who.int)
  • Levels of bisphenol A in the environment are currently being monitored by industry and government authorities in North America, Europe and Japan. (bisphenol-a.org)
  • Powered by a pair of photovoltaic panels and designed to linger in the forest canopy continuously for months, SlothBot moves only when it must to measure environmental changes - such as weather and chemical factors in the environment - that can be observed only with a long-term presence. (brightsurf.com)
  • Hence, a concerted effort, through integrated and space-based research, is being intensified to manage and monitor the environment in order to restore the stability, goods and services of the environment. (spie.org)
  • Access all five on-demand webinars about environmental testing with Dr. Martin Wiedmann of Cornell University via 3M℠ Health Care Academy and through the links below. (3m.com)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced yesterday that it will expand the nation's air quality monitoring network to better measure exposure to lead. (environmentalleader.com)
  • Ron Williams is an Air Climate and Energy (ACE) Task Leader with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Exposure Research Laboratory. (nih.gov)
  • The complex composition of secondhand smoke (SHS) provides a range of constituents that can be measured in environmental samples (air, dust and on surfaces) and therefore used to assess non-smokers' exposure to tobacco smoke. (bmj.com)
  • Monitoring SHS exposure (SHSe) in indoor environments provides useful information on the extent and consequences of SHSe, implementing and evaluating tobacco control programmes and behavioural interventions, and estimating overall burden of disease caused by SHSe. (bmj.com)
  • In this series of articles, three topic assessments summarising current knowledge about measuring secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) are presented, covering self-reported measures, environmental measurements and biomarkers, and are based on a multidisciplinary expert meeting held in late 2008 at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA and supported by the Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute (FAMRI). (bmj.com)
  • It also includes the measurement of ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE. (harvard.edu)
  • This monitoring takes place at sites near industries that emit BTEX and at urban sites to determine exposure levels for the general population. (trc.govt.nz)
  • This work demonstrates the capability of distributed monitoring as a means to examine exposure variability in both space and time, building an important preliminary step towards a new approach for workplace hazard monitoring. (mdpi.com)
  • In this way monitoring could become the key element in generating the necessary knowledge to protect agro-systems, rural livelihoods and broader ecological integrity. (fao.org)
  • Cosmetics companies need to address the environmental consequences of consumption if they are to significantly reduce their ecological footprints, Sustainable Cosmetics Summit organizers say. (environmentalleader.com)
  • The Council monitors the water quality and ecological health of Lake Rotorangi, which was formed when the Patea hydro scheme was established on the Patea River at Hurleyville in the 1980s. (trc.govt.nz)
  • The group of scientists recommended that the objective of environmental monitoring of GM crops should be nested within processes that address broader goals. (fao.org)
  • In order to minimize the environmental effects of semiconductor manufacturing processes whilst maintaining profitability, stable and robust instrument performance is needed. (agilent.com)
  • We have decades of experience in environmental monitoring and analysis, and help ensure the safety of all our clients semiconductor manufacturing processes, from silicon growth and oxidation, to photolithography and cleaning. (agilent.com)
  • Our Environmental Monitoring for Management MSc is designed to help you gain a sound theoretical and practical understanding of environmental processes and systems. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • A particularly important part of this process is the further development of efficient, high-resolution monitoring methods to identify and parameterize relevant physical and chemical processes. (ufz.de)
  • We develop and validate monitoring strategies through various field studies to monitor processes and conditions, for example natural and anthropogenic processes in different environmental realms over long time periods. (ufz.de)
  • Forest monitoring programmes, which can assess the impact of natural and anthropogenic processes on forest resources, are consequently of high importance to decision-makers such as governments and international organisations. (phys.org)
  • Daily monitoring of treatment plant processes is provided at each treatment facility to ensure compliance with waste discharge and water recycling permits. (lacitysan.org)
  • This five-part webinar series offers end-to-end content about environmental monitoring that builds in complexity as you progress through the program. (3m.com)
  • If you can have sensors through the entire water system, rather than sampling at specific points and then having to remove those samples and test them in the laboratory, this enables a more a effective real time monitoring of critical water quality characteristics such as heavy metal ion content, nitrate content, or pH," she says. (phys.org)
  • see also Freshwater environmental quality parameters The range of chemical parameters that have the potential to affect any ecosystem is very large and in all monitoring programmes it is necessary to target a suite of parameters based on local knowledge and past practice for an initial review. (wikipedia.org)
  • Water quality at popular freshwater bathing sites is monitored over the summer season from November to March, with results available to the public. (trc.govt.nz)
  • Environmental consultant Jason Antenucci has pushedthe development of the sensors from an industry perspective with a need for an extremely robust and lightweight sensing device to be used in marine and freshwater environments. (phys.org)
  • Based on metadata of atmosphere, cryosphere, freshwater, marine, terrestrial, and human health monitoring projects, the maps in this report geographically indicate what parameters are being measured and where, to identify potential areas of overlap, gaps in coverage, and opportunities for synergies. (canada.ca)
  • In practice, monitoring is divided into a number of compartmental sub-programmes linked by the use of the same parameters (cross-media flux approach) and/or stations (cause-effect approach). (unece.org)
  • A number of water quality parameters can be monitored to determine the impact of dredging near a site. (seabird.com)
  • The influence of environmental and instrumental parameters on the sensitivity of the method are discussed. (spie.org)
  • This State of Environmental Monitoring in Northern Canada report provides the fundamental background to support decisions regarding investment in new monitoring sites, and re-deployment and expansion of existing sites to achieve increased coverage of key parameters in priority areas. (canada.ca)
  • Special pilot projects should be developed to study these problems, both from the monitoring and the ecosystem points of view. (fao.org)
  • Working in collaboration with East China Normal University, the Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology and the University of Dundee, the team has created the world's first long-term record of ecosystem health, which examines the past condition of environmental resources in China's Yangtze basin region, and helps develop forecasts for the future. (redorbit.com)
  • Environmental indicators such as landscape metrics, urbanization indices, buffer/edge/proximity analysis, ecosystem service valuation and provision bundles as well as habitat connectivity were calculated based on the classifications and used to estimate environmental impact of urbanization.The results reveal urban growth and environmental impact to varying degrees in each of the study sites. (kth.se)
  • Environmental DNA (eDNA) offers a potential solution to many of the pitfalls of traditional ecosystem sampling. (ucf.edu)
  • Trawl surveys sample fish and invertebrates using trawl nets and seines to monitor ecosystem health and also collect fish for bioaccumulation and seafood safety. (lacitysan.org)
  • Monitoring of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) is thought to be a better measure of true impact on a coral colony as it is a physical measure of the incident light over a broad spectrum, more accurately reflecting the light utilized by the coral ecosystem to sustain life. (seabird.com)
  • Environmental goals must also encompass the maintenance and protection of basic natural resources such as soil, water and biodiversity. (fao.org)
  • Proactively monitor soil quality in agriculture to optimise hydration, air and plant nutrients and minimise pollutant levels. (telstra.com.au)
  • Soil monitoring is the process of collection of soil and testing in laboratory by analytical methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microwave Remote Sensing - Our experts develop algorithms to retrieve a broad range of environmental variables, from soil moisture to cirrus cloud properties to mesospheric temperatures. (aer.com)
  • Groundwater is sometimes called "the hidden asset" - awareness of its existence and its importance is not well known and as a consequence the measures which are required to protect and manage it in an environmental sustainable way are either not taken or are taken too late. (wiley.com)
  • The level and composition of groundwater are monitored to ensure there is no adverse effect from human activity. (trc.govt.nz)
  • FAO is ready to facilitate this process along with other agencies and national and international research centres, encouraging the adoption of rigorously designed monitoring programmes. (fao.org)
  • However, as new materials are developed and new pressures come to bear, revisions to monitoring programmes will be required. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hear from Peter Traynor, an expert in mass spectrometry and process monitoring for Thermo Fisher Scientific, who explains how the Thermo Scientific Prima BT benchtop mass spectrometer measures how cells are thriving within the manufacturing process. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The major players operating in the global environmental monitoring market are Agilent Technologies, Danaher Corporation, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Shimadzu Corp., and PerkinElmer. (yahoo.com)
  • The most widely used markers have been vapour-phase nicotine and respirable particulate matter (PM). Numerous other environmental analytes of SHS have been measured in the air including carbon monoxide, 3-ethenylpyridine, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, tobacco-specific nitrosamines, nitrogen oxides, aldehydes and volatile organic compounds, as well as nicotine in dust and on surfaces. (bmj.com)
  • Since they are aware of their environmental responsabilities, one of the main objectives of Groningen Seaports is to preserve this natural reserve as much as possible through sustainable practices. (upc.edu)
  • and it has now been decided that a special Global Environmental Monitoring System, GEMS, should be established. (fao.org)
  • 7. An improved international system allowing the monitoring of factors necessary for the understanding and forecasting of disasters and for the implementation of an efficient warning system. (fao.org)
  • The BlueMon monitoring system is a comprehensive monitoring and mapping system for all emissions on vessels which are subject to MARPOL 73/78 Annex I-VI. (skf.com)
  • Effective environmental monitoring programs, as part of an overall food safety system, can help to extend product shelf life, reduce risk of recalls, reduce costs, increase customer satisfaction, and increase revenue. (3m.com)
  • This webinar describes the significant of environmental sources of pathogens and indicator organisms and the importance of environmental monitoring programs in a comprehensive food safety system. (3m.com)
  • Using a hygiene monitoring system, such as the 3M™ Clean-Trace™ Hygiene Monitoring and Management System, to evaluate the effectiveness of your cleaning procedures is a critical aspect of an environmental monitoring program. (3m.com)
  • A cost-saving alternative to traditional monitoring equipment like chart recorders, the system solves the associated issues of that equipment, including: relative inaccuracy, poor reporting capacity and lack of alarm capabilities. (vaisala.com)
  • voestalpine Railway Systems is the global leader for railway infrastructure system solutions, offering outstanding products, logistics and services for rails, turnouts, signaling and monitoring applications. (voestalpine.com)
  • Previously the domain of building automation providers, there are now environmental monitoring endpoints that can easily be added onto a security system. (inovonics.com)
  • Monitoring GM crops will provide information for policies and regulations, but mainly will give producers informed options in order to allow technologies to be adopted in a sustainable way. (fao.org)
  • The scope of the article includes both public and private mechanisms designed to compel firms (and individuals) to comply with environmental formal regulations and informal rules of conduct or social norms. (ssrn.com)
  • As a member of this community, you have a vested interest in the landfill project and want to ensure all environmental regulations are followed. (eco.ca)
  • Furthermore, uncertain and inconsistent regulations and standards in emerging countries are expected to throttle environmental monitoring technology market growth over the forecast period. (sbwire.com)
  • In addition, the need to comply with environmental safety regulations will drive the demand for environmental monitoring products in the region. (yahoo.com)
  • For pipelines, transmission lines, and other linear projects, a qualified environmental inspector can help you avoid violations of environmental permits, agreements, and regulations, keeping your project on schedule and within budget. (swca.com)
  • This also translates to the Agency's measurement and monitoring programs. (epa.gov)
  • For those who may not know, the FEM is a group of senior officials from across the Agency, brought together to address environmental measurement issues in a consistent, cross-agency manner. (epa.gov)
  • This two year project provides training for specialists from across the European region, as well as providing expertise on the use of standardised measurement procedures, improving the comparability of measurement results related to environmental radioactivity. (iaea.org)
  • His research focuses on the development and evaluation of measurement and monitoring methods from geophysics, hydrogeology and geotechnology for the efficient, high-resolution investigation of the subsurface. (ufz.de)
  • The term 'parameter' is used in this report as a general term referring to a variety of words that can describe monitoring variables, including: component, element, measurement, factor, observation. (canada.ca)
  • Some monitoring techniques, such as gill netting fish to estimate populations, can be very damaging, at least to the local population and can also degrade public trust in scientists carrying out the monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fourth International Symposium of the International Society for Environmental Biotechnology was held on the campus of Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, on June 20-25, 1998, with an attendance of several hundred people. (indigo.ca)
  • Monitor, assess and improve workplace safety in many ways. (telstra.com.au)
  • The Environmental Monitoring for Management MSc focuses on the dynamic nature of biological and physical environmental systems and teaches the practical and analytical techniques that science, government and industry increasingly need to do in order to assess and manage dynamic environmental systems. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • As environmental monitoring has become essential for the composition of a high-quality modern day living space, the provision of enhanced sensors and devices is a competitive aspect for players to engross market share. (sbwire.com)
  • On the basis of product, type market is classified as environmental monitoring software, environmental monitors, and environmental sensors. (sbwire.com)
  • Turbo-charged gallium nitride (GaN)-based chips have unlocked the key for UWA Professor Giacinta Parish and colleagues from the School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering and School of Chemistry and Biochemistry to develop an array of chemical sensors for in-situ industrial and environmental monitoring. (phys.org)
  • Atmospheric and Environmental Research (AER) has extensive expertise in developing state-of-art algorithms to retrieve atmospheric and surface properties from ground- and space-based sensors. (aer.com)
  • This webinar covers how environmental sampling can be used to verify essential food safety programs. (3m.com)
  • This webinar describes the importance of environmental monitoring programs within the framework of U.S. FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) and how environmental sampling strategies are used in efforts to validate food safety plans. (3m.com)
  • This webinar focus on importance of root cause analysis within an environmental monitoring program and using environmental sampling to drive short term corrective actions and long-term improvements. (3m.com)
  • The Specialist is responsible for the review and evaluation of routine and per process environmental monitoring (EM) sampling of classified areas, and leads all investigations into environmental excursions. (yer.nl)
  • This paper outlines the air monitoring procedures used during the project and the difficulties encountered while sampling at the site. (spie.org)
  • Based on industry practice and a scientific approach, this handbook provides guidance on building and implementing a holistic environmental monitoring program. (3m.com)
  • He has research interests in the area of lanthanide complexes, environmental tracers and taggants. (rgu.ac.uk)
  • The number of eco-labels in the food industry is expected to continue to increase in 2013 and this proliferation could have adverse consequences, according to the research group Organic Monitor. (environmentalleader.com)
  • If you are giving a presentation about an environmental health topic or just looking for general information about environmental health research or the institute, this page will help. (nih.gov)
  • NIEHS is committed to conducting the most rigorous research in environmental health sciences, and to communicating the results of this research to the public. (nih.gov)
  • NIEHS research uses state-of-the-art science and technology to investigate the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
  • NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in environmental health sciences and administration. (nih.gov)
  • Almost all mainstream environmentalism monitoring projects form part of an overall monitoring strategy or research field, and these field and strategies are themselves derived from the high levels objectives or aspirations of an organisation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This meeting included technical presentations of state-of-the-art research which were integrated with tutorials and workshops by practising technologists in the broad field of environmental biotechnology. (indigo.ca)
  • Where suitable, researchers hope to use the technique they have developed in China for other areas of the world, with the aim of helping policymakers to prioritize the most urgent environmental problems and identify which strategies work best to tackle them. (redorbit.com)
  • This may be a critical consideration in wilderness areas or when monitoring very rare organisms or those that are averse to human presence. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the remediation of this site, Open-Path FTIR was used to monitor the perimeter of the excavation and stockpile areas. (spie.org)
  • Environmental monitoring is critical to identifying areas of vulnerability. (canada.ca)
  • Nina Cyrén Wormbs works on a monograph about the complicated process of achieving knowledge and understanding of environmental and climate change through satellite technology. (kth.se)
  • A couple of weeks ago, REDD-Monitor posted an overview of the REDD texts that have been agreed before going into the UN climate negotiations in Doha. (redd-monitor.org)
  • Ninety percent of buyers of natural and organic personal care products in the UK are going out of their way to avoid products that contain synthetic chemicals, according to a Consumer Insights report by Organic Monitor. (environmentalleader.com)
  • In early November, REDD-Monitor wrote a post about the report . (redd-monitor.org)
  • The Canadian Polar Commission has a mandate to monitor and report to Canadians on the state of knowledge of the polar regions, and work with Canadian and international institutions to determine scientific and other priorities. (canada.ca)
  • It will be of particular use to anyone performing environmental monitoring and those involved in collating and interpreting the results obtained. (rsc.org)
  • One of the reasons why President Bush appointed me Administrator was because I fully appreciate the necessity of good information in order for EPA to continue to provide the American people with the environmental results they expect. (epa.gov)
  • In order to continue to produce environmental results for my children and grandchildren, I have laid out 4 Priorities to focus on as Administrator. (epa.gov)
  • The benefits of monitoring protect people, assets, and results. (labmanager.com)
  • In all cases the results of monitoring will be reviewed, analysed statistically and published. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unless individual monitoring projects fit into a wider strategic framework, the results are unlikely to be published and the environmental understanding produced by the monitoring will be lost. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compensating results in certain geographies owing to functioning barriers may not achieve holistic environmental monitoring and associated enhancement as projected in these initiatives. (sbwire.com)
  • Because of our mutual objectives of improving environmental monitoring, EPA and the American Council of Independent Laboratories last year signed an agreement to work together to address issues affecting the monitoring community in the U.S. (epa.gov)
  • The expedition's objectives were to observe the Nassau grouper ( Epinephelus striatus ) spawning aggregation off the western tip of Little Cayman, and to develop a protocol for monitoring their numbers and activity at the site. (reef.org)
  • For environmental monitoring, precision agriculture, infrastructure maintenance and certain security applications, slow and energy efficient can be better than fast and always needing a recharge. (brightsurf.com)
  • In addition, high operating costs and remote, harsh condi-tions increase challenges associated with establishing monitoring infrastructure and ensuring sufficient geographic coverage of the North. (canada.ca)